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List of eponymous fractures

List of eponymous fractures


Eponymous fractures and fracture-dislocations are most commonly named after the doctor who first described them; they may also be named after an activity with which they are associated.
Letter Fracture Named after Description Mechanism of injury Reference

Bankart's fracture

Arthur Bankart

fracture of anterior glenoid associated with anterior shoulder dislocation

external rotation and Anterior Dislocation of the Shoulder [1] abduction of at LearningRadiology.com shoulder fall on outstretched hand Barton's fracture It? [2] at Who Named

Barton's fracture

John Rhea Barton distal radius fracture involving the articular surface with dislocation of the radiocarpal joint Edward Hallaran Bennett intra-articular fracture of base of Thumb metacarpal

Bennett's fracture

axial load along metacarpal in a partially flexed thumb severe external rotation of the foot

Bennett's fracture It?

[3]

at Who Named

Bosworth fracture

David M. Bosworth

fracture of distal fibula with posterior dislocation of the proximal fibula behind the tibia fracture of neck of little metacarpal compression fracture of lateral tibial plateau

Bosworth fracture-dislocation Medcyclopaedia

[4]

at

Boxer's fracture

Boxers

punching solid object forced valgus of knee when struck from side by car bumper hyperflexion of spine, seen in car accidents when lap belts were used forced ulnar deviation of the wrist causing avulsion of the radial styloid

[5] Boxer's fracture at Wheeless' Textbook of Orthopaedics online [6] Bumper fracture at TheFreeDictionary.com

Bumper fracture

Car bumper

Chance fracture

George Quentin Chance

horizontal fracture of vertebral body

[7] Chance fracture at Wheeless' Textbook of Orthopaedics online

Chauffeur's [8] fracture

Chauffeurs

intra-articular fracture of radial styloid

[9] Chauffeur's fracture at Wheeless' Textbook of Orthopaedics online

Chopart's fracture-dislocation

Franois Chopart

foot dislocation through talonavicular and calcaneocuboid joints with associated fractures , ussualy after ankle twisting.treated in a non weight beraing cast for 6-8 weeks spinous process fracture of C6, C7 or T1 distal radius fracture with dorsal angulation, impaction and radial drift isolated fracture of the iliac wing forced hyperflexion of neck fall on outstretched hand

Chopart's fracture dislocation Who Named It?

[10]

at

Clay shoveller's fracture Colles' fracture

Clay shovellers

Clay shoveller's fracture Medcyclopaedia Colles' fracture It? [12]

[11]

at

Abraham Colles

at Who Named

Duverney fracture

Joseph Guichard Duverney

direct trauma

Duverney fracture Medcyclopaedia

[13]

at

List of eponymous fractures


[14] Essex Lopresti fracture at Wheeless' Textbook of Orthopaedics online [15]

2
Peter Essex-Lopresti comminuted radial head fracture with interosseous membrane disruption and distal radioulnar joint subluxation radius shaft fracture with dislocation of distal radioulnar joint V-shaped distal tibia fracture extending into the tibial plafond fracture of both pedicles of C2 distraction and extension of neck fall from height

Essex-Lopresti fracture

Galeazzi fracture

Ricardo Galeazzi

blow to forearm

Galeazzi fracture

at eMedicine

Gosselin fracture

Leon Athanese Gosselin Hangman

[16] Gosselin's fracture at TheFreeDictionary.com [17] Hangman's fracture at Wheeless' Textbook of Orthopaedics online [18] Hill Sachs Lesion at Wheeless' Textbook of Orthopaedics online

Hangman's fracture

Hill-Sachs fracture

Harold Arthur Hill Maurice David Sachs

impacted posterior humeral head fracture occurring during anterior shoulder dislocation

Holdsworth fracture Sir Frank Wild Holdsworth

unstable spinal fracture-dislocation at the thoracolumbar junction olecranon fracture with anterior dislocation of radial head

Thoracic Spine Fractures and [19] Dislocations at eMedicine Ronald McRae, Maxx Esser. Practical Fracture Treatment 5th edition, page 187. Elsevier Health Sciences, 2008. ISBN 978-0-443-06876-8. compression of neck Jefferson fracture [20] at Who Named It? inversion of ankle [21] Jones fracture at Wheeless' Textbook of Orthopaedics online

Hume fracture

A.C. Hume

Jefferson fracture

Sir Geoffrey Jefferson Sir Robert Jones

fracture of first cervical vertebra

Jones fracture

fracture of base of 5th metatarsal extending into intermetatarsal joint series of facial fractures

Le Fort fractures

Ren Le Fort

direct trauma to face LeFort I [22] at Who Named It? [23] LeFort II at Who Named It? [24] LeFort III at Who Named It? LeFort's fracture of the ankle Who Named It? forced plantar flexion of foot or dropping heavy weight on foot external rotation of ankle Lisfranc fracture It? [26] [25] at

Le Fort's fracture of Lon Clment Le the ankle Fort Lisfranc fracture Jacques Lisfranc de St. Martin

vertical fracture of distal fibula with avulsion of medial malleolus fracture dislocation of midfoot

at Who Named

Maisonneuve fracture

Jules Germain Franois Maisonneuve

spiral fracture of proximal fibula

[27] Maisonneuve fracture at Wheeless' Textbook of Orthopaedics online [28] Malgaigne's fracture at TheFreeDictionary.com

Malgaigne's fracture Joseph-Franois Malgaigne

vertical pelvic fracture through both pubic rami and the ilium or sacroiliac joint with vertical displacement stress fracture of a metatarsal shaft

high energy impact to pelvis (front to back)

March fracture

Marching

heavy or unaccustomed exercise blow to forearm

Metatarsal Stress Fracture eMedicine [30]

[29]

at

Monteggia fracture

Giovanni Battista Monteggia

proximal ulna fracture with dislocation of radial head

Monteggia fracture Named It?

at Who

List of eponymous fractures


[31] Moore's fracture at TheFreeDictionary.com

3
Edward Mott Moore distal radius fracture with ulnar dislocation and entrapment of styloid process under annular ligament posterior dislocation of hip with avulsion fracture of fragment of femoral head by the ligamentum teres bimalleolar fracture of the ankle comminuted fracture of base of first metacarpal impact to the knee with the hip flexed (dashboard injury)

Moore's fracture

Pipkin fracture-dislocation

G. Pipkin

Type II-V: Posterior Fracture [32] Dislocations at Wheeless' Textbook of Orthopaedics online [34]

P R

Pott's fracture

[33]

Percival Pott Silvio Rolando

eversion of ankle axial load along the metacarpal causing splitting of the proximal articular surface

Pott's fracture

at Who Named It?

Rolando fracture

[35] Rolando's fracture at Wheeless' Textbook of Orthopaedics online

Runner's fracture

Running

stress fracture of distal fibula repeated axial stress 3-8cm above the lateral malleolus on fibula

[36] Google books result Marko Peina, Ivan Bojani. Overuse injuries of the Musculoskeletal System, page 331. Informa Health Care, 2004. ISBN 978-0-8493-1428-5. Salter-Harris fractures Medscape Segond fracture It? [39] [38] at

Salter-Harris fractures Segond fracture

R.B. Salter, W.R. [37] Harris Paul Segond

fractures involving a growth plate various

lateral tibial plateau avulsion fracture with anterior cruciate ligament tear fracture of the lateral tubercle of the posterior process of the talus distal radius fracture with volar displacement

internal rotation of the knee

at Who Named

Shepherd's fracture

Francis J. Shepherd Robert William Smith

[40] Shepherd's fracture at Mondofacto online medical dictionary fall on outstretched hand with wrist in flexed position Smith's fracture It? [41] at Who Named

Smith's fracture

Stieda fracture

Alfred Stieda

avulsion fracture of the medial femoral condyle at the origin of the medial collateral ligament forced lateral rotation of foot low-energy trauma, often rotational

[42] Stieda's fracture at TheFreeDictionary.com [43]

Tillaux fracture

Paul Jules Tillaux Salter-Harris III fracture of the tibia Toddlers undisplaced spiral fracture of distal tibia in children under 8 years old

Tillaux fracture It?

at Who Named

Toddler's fracture

[44] The toddler's fracture revisited at Wheeless' Textbook of Orthopaedics online

List of eponymous fractures

Notes
[1] http:/ / www. learningradiology. com/ archives05/ COW%20170-Anterior%20Dislocation/ antdislocatecorrect. htm [2] http:/ / www. whonamedit. com/ synd. cfm/ 2821. html [3] http:/ / www. whonamedit. com/ synd. cfm/ 3263. html [4] http:/ / www. medcyclopaedia. com/ library/ topics/ volume_iii_1/ b/ bosworth_fracture_dislocation. aspx [5] http:/ / www. wheelessonline. com/ ortho/ boxers_fracture_metacarpal_neck_1 [6] http:/ / medical-dictionary. thefreedictionary. com/ bumper+ fracture [7] http:/ / www. wheelessonline. com/ ortho/ chance_fracture_of_the_spine [8] also known as Hutchinson's fracture [9] http:/ / www. wheelessonline. com/ ortho/ chauffeurs_fracture_radial_styloid_fractures [10] http:/ / www. whonamedit. com/ synd. cfm/ 4044. html [11] http:/ / www. medcyclopaedia. com/ library/ topics/ volume_vii/ c/ clay_shovellers_fracture. aspx [12] http:/ / www. whonamedit. com/ synd. cfm/ 2152. html [13] http:/ / www. medcyclopaedia. com/ library/ topics/ volume_iii_1/ d/ duverney_fracture. aspx [14] http:/ / www. wheelessonline. com/ ortho/ essex_lopresti_fracture [15] http:/ / emedicine. medscape. com/ article/ 1239331-overview [16] http:/ / medical-dictionary. thefreedictionary. com/ Gosselin%27s+ fracture [17] http:/ / www. wheelessonline. com/ ortho/ hangmans_frx_traumatic_spondylolisthesis_of_the_axis [18] http:/ / www. wheelessonline. com/ ortho/ hill_sachs_lesion [19] http:/ / emedicine. medscape. com/ article/ 1267029-overview [20] http:/ / www. whonamedit. com/ synd. cfm/ 1091. html [21] http:/ / www. wheelessonline. com/ ortho/ jones_fracture [22] http:/ / www. whonamedit. com/ synd. cfm/ 3144. html [23] http:/ / www. whonamedit. com/ synd. cfm/ 3145. html [24] http:/ / www. whonamedit. com/ synd. cfm/ 3146. html [25] http:/ / www. whonamedit. com/ synd. cfm/ 3149. html [26] http:/ / www. whonamedit. com/ synd. cfm/ 3053. html [27] http:/ / www. wheelessonline. com/ ortho/ maisonneuve_fracture [28] http:/ / medical-dictionary. thefreedictionary. com/ Malgaigne%27s+ fracture+ of+ pelvis [29] http:/ / emedicine. medscape. com/ article/ 85746-overview [30] http:/ / www. whonamedit. com/ synd. cfm/ 2151. html [31] http:/ / medical-dictionary. thefreedictionary. com/ Moore%27s+ fracture [32] http:/ / www. wheelessonline. com/ ortho/ type_ii_v_posterior_fracture_dislocations [33] also known as Dupuytren's fracture [34] http:/ / www. whonamedit. com/ synd. cfm/ 1126. html [35] http:/ / www. wheelessonline. com/ ortho/ rolandos_fracture [36] http:/ / books. google. co. uk/ books?id=KHSRuHUjQq4C& pg=PA331& lpg=PA331& dq=runner%27s+ fracture& source=bl& ots=W6Cq7563FB& sig=Oqb60ykyGOW7WUnehSU5wK7y2F0& hl=en& ei=hsHLSa_VLsOrjAeGk7DRCQ& sa=X& oi=book_result& resnum=5& ct=result#PPA331,M1 [37] Injuries involving the epiphyseal plate. RB Salter, WR Harris. JBJS (1963) 45: 587-632. [38] http:/ / emedicine. medscape. com/ article/ 412956-overview [39] http:/ / www. whonamedit. com/ synd. cfm/ 3483. html [40] http:/ / www. mondofacto. com/ facts/ dictionary?Shepherd%27s+ fracture [41] http:/ / www. whonamedit. com/ synd. cfm/ 2150. html [42] http:/ / medical-dictionary. thefreedictionary. com/ Stieda%27s+ fracture [43] http:/ / www. whonamedit. com/ synd. cfm/ 3849. html [44] http:/ / www. wheelessonline. com/ ortho/ the_toddlers_fracture_revisited

Article Sources and Contributors

Article Sources and Contributors


List of eponymous fractures Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?oldid=494990690 Contributors: Alindoc, Gilo1969, Katharineamy, RockMagnetist, ThF, 2 anonymous edits

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