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269

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271

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273

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275

II. Materiale i cercetri

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277

II. Materiale i cercetri

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(Emmerich Schatzkammer, ) (Takcs 2006, 80, fig. 26,
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1984: . , .
1, 1984, 29-38.
1964: C. , . .:
( 1964), 38-41.
2004: .. , ( 2004).
1985: .. . XIII-XV . ( ). .: ( 1985), 153-180.
2001: .. , :
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2011: .. , XIII - XIV . . .: . , LVII
(- 2011), 88-106.
2004: . , XIII-XIV . ( ). .: , . 35 ( 2004),
165-178.
2005: . , XIII-XIV ( 2005).
2007: . , . ( 2007).
2011: . , XIV . . , . .: Acta muzei varnaenis
VIII-I. . Terra antique Balcanica et Mediterranea. Miscellanea in honor of
Alexander Minchev. . , 23.02.2007 ( 2011), 461-480.
2001: .. , . .:
. (- 2001),
101-109.
2010: .. , - XIV-XVII. Tyragetia s.n. 1, vol. IV (XIX), 2010, 249-262.
2000: . (- 2000).
2011: . , (IV 5050,
). Acta muzei varnaenis VIII-I. . Terra antique Balcanica et Mediterranea. Miscellanea in honor of Alexander Minchev. . , 23.02.2007
( 2011), 481-494.
Alaiba 2002: R. Alaiba, Tezaurul de la Schinetia, jud. Vaslui. Arheologia Medieval IV, 2002, 117-179.
Alaiba 2007: R. Alaiba, Tresor monetaires Schinetia comm. de Dumeti, dp. de Vaslui; 1982. In: Monnaies et
parures du muse dpartemental tefan cel Mare de Vaslui (Iai 2007), 15-53.
Alexianu 1971: Al. Alexianu, Mode i veminte din trecut (Bucureti 1971).
Bacumenco 2006: L. Bacumenco, inutul Orheiului n secolele XV-XVI (Iai 2006).
Balanov 1983: K. Balanov, Freske i ikone u Makedoniji (IV-XV vek) (Zagreb 1983).
Constantinescu 1984: N. Constantinescu, Curtea de Arge 1200-1400 (Bucureti 1984).
Constantinescu, Marinescu 1966: N. Constantinescu, Al. Marinescu, n problema satelor medievale de pe
Vedea i Teleorman: descoperirele arheologice de la Gurueni i Obreasca de Jos (r. Alexandria). Revista Muzeelor 1, 1966, 71-76.
Dragomir 1972: I. Dragomir, Tezaurul de la Zvoia (jud. Brila). Buletinul monumentelor istorice 2, an. XLI,
1972, 67-73.
Dumitriu 2001: L. Dumitriu, Der mittelalterlich Schmuck des unteren Donaugebietes im 11-15. Jahrhundert
(Bucureti 2001).
Fingerlin 1971: E. Fingerlin, Grtel des hohen und spten Mittelalters (Berlin 1971).
Hoston 1996: M. Hoston, Medieval costume in England and France. The 13, 14 and 15 censures. (New York 1996).
Kralovnszky 1955: A. Kralovnszky, A kerepesi kszepkori ezstkincs. Archaeologiai rtest 2, vol. 82,
1955, 190-201.
Neamu 1961: E. Neamu, Obiectele de podoab din tezaurul medieval de la Cotul Morii, Popricani (Iai).
ArhMold I, 1961, 283-293.
Rosetti 1972: D.V. Rosetti, Tezaurul de podoabe medievale de la Olteni (Teleleorman) i elementele lor Bizantine.
Buletinul Monumentelor istorice 4, anul XLI, 1972, 3-14.
Takcs 2006: I. Takcs, Sigizmundus rex et imperator. Art et culture au tempus de Sigismund de Luxemburg
1387-1437. Catalogue de lexebition (Budapest 2006).

279

II. Materiale i cercetri

Teodor 1961: Gh.D. Teodor, Tezaurul feudal tumpuri de la obiectele de podoab desciperit la Voineti-Iai. ArhMold I, 1961, 245-263.
Teodor 1964: Gh.D. Teodor, Obiectele de podoab din tezaurul feudal tumpuri desciperit la Oeleni. ArhMold
II-III, 1964, 343-358.

Descoperiri de centuri din sec. XIII-XVI n spaiul carpato-balcanic


Rezumat
n articol sunt analizate seturile de centur din sec. XIII-XVI, executate n tradiia artei gotice europene, descoperite n spaiul carpato-balcanic.
Pe teritoriul Republicii Moldova a fost gsit o pies unicat, pe a crei cataram este redat imaginea lui Sf. Gheorghe. n tezaurule din Romnia, mai frecvent, sunt descoperite centuri, decorate cu motive geometrico-vegetale,
mai rar fiind ntlnite cele zoomorfe. Pentru descoperirile din Bulgaria sunt caracteristice centurile cu imagini de
animale (oprle, dragoni, lei), mai fiind cunoscute cele cu ornament vegetal sau cu imagini antropomorfe. Dac
n Europa de Vest centurile de factur gotic au fost accesorii nu numai ale costumului brbtesc dar i ale celui
feminin, apoi n spaiul carpato-dunrean ele au fost caracteristice, n special, pentru brbai.
Lista ilustraiilor:
Fig. 1. Fragmente de centur. Orheiul Vechi (Republica Moldova) (dup Bacumenco 2006).
Fig. 2. 1-8 - Fragmente ale setului de centur de la Orbeasca (Romnia); 9 - reconstituirea centurii de la Kerepesi (Ungaria) (dup Kralovnszky 1955); 10 - cataram, Curtea de Arge (Romnia) (dup Dumitriu 2001). Scri deferite.
Fig. 3. Fragmente ale setului de centur de la Schinetea (Romnia) (dup Alaiba 2002).
Fig. 4. Fragmente de seturi de centur: 1-2 - Beloreenskaja (Rusia) (dup 2001); 3-12 -Olteni
(dup Dumitriu, 2001). Scri deferite.
Fig. 5. Fragmente ale setului de centur de la Dolie (Bulgaria) (dup Pavlova 2007).
Fig. 6. Fragmente de seturi de centur: 1-3 - Veliko Trnovo (Bulgaria); 4-6 - Dolie (Bulgaria) (dup Pavlova
2007). Scri deferite.

The findings of belts in the complexes of XIII-XVI centuries


in the Carpathian-Balkan region
Abstract
The article considers the findings of belts made in the traditions of European Gothic art in the complexes of XIIIXVI centuries in the Carpathian-Balkan region.
The unique belt decorated with the image of St. George was found in the Republic of Moldova. The belts ornamented with vegetable and geometrical patterns dominate in the Romanian hoards. A few number of belts decorated
with zoomorphic patterns were found in the Romanian treasures as well. The belts with images of animals (lizards,
dragons, lions) were typical for the territory of Bulgaria. The examples with engraved vegetable ornament or anthropomorphic images were known also. In the Carpathian-Danube region the Gothic belts were the accessories
of male dress mainly, in spite of Western Europe where these belts were typical both male and female.
List of illustrations:
Fig. 1. Belts fragments. Old Orhei (Republic of Moldova) (after Bacumenco 2006).
Fig. 2. 1-8 - Fragments of the belt set, Orbeasca (Romania) (after Dumitriu 2001); 9 - reconstruction of the belt,
Kerepesi (Hungary) (after Kralovnszky 1955); 10 - buckle, Curtea de Arge (Romania) (after Dumitriu 2001).
The scales are different.
Fig. 3. Details of belt set. Schinetea (Romania) (after Alaiba 2002).
Fig. 4. Details of belts sets: 1, 2 - Belorechenskaya (Russia) (after 2001); 3-12 - Olteni (Romania)
(after Dumitriu 2001). The scales are different.
Fig. 5. Details of belt sets. Dolie (Bulgaria) (after 2007).
Fig. 6. Details of belt sets. 1-3 - Veliko Tarnovo (Bulgaria), 4-6 - Dolie (Bulgaria) (after 2007). The scales
are different.

05.04.2012
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280