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PHP: PHP stands for Hypertext Preprocessor which is a open source server side scripti ng language.

The PHP has the greatest attribute which is that it is a freely dis tributed open source language.It is known for its security since the code is inv isible to the enduser and it cannot be copied or edited by the enduser.The main use of this code is to allow the programmers to write the script in such a way t o generate the web pages dynamically and quickly and make the web pages interact ive to the end users. It can be embedded with the HTML .Recent surveys shows tha t more than 16,000,000 Web sites use PHP as a server side scripting language, an d the language also tops the list of most popular Apache modules.PHP is typicall y used in combination with a Web server like Apache.Requests for PHP scripts are received by the Web server, and are handled by the PHP interpreter. The results obtained after execution are returned to the Web server, which takes care of transmitting them to the client browser. MYSQL: MySQL is a powerful Relational Database Management System (RDBMS) uses a standar d form of the well-known SQL data language.In a relational structured database t here are tables that store data. The columns define which kinds of information w ill be stored in the table. An individual column must be created for each type o f data you wish to store (i.e. Age, Weight, Height).On the other hand, a row con tains the actual values for these specified columns. Each row will have 1 value for each and every column. For example a table with columns (Name, Age, Weight-l bs) could have a row with the values (Bob, 65, 165).MySQL is also a open source database server. On top of that, it is very commonly used in conjunction with PH P scripts to create powerful and dynamic server-side applications.Built in funct ionality in MySQL that allows users to search through certain tables for matches to a string.In MySQL search which allows users to narrow their results through the use of Boolean operators.The Boolean operators has a deductive logical syste m by which a user can narrow results through the use of AND, OR, XOR, and other operators. CMS: A CMS (Content Management System) is a piece of software that manages website de velopment. It can keep track of all changes to a website. It will record who cha nged what, and when, and can allow for notes to be added.It helps you to create and store content in a shared repository. It then manages the relationships betw een content items for you and also ensures that each content item is connected t o the right style sheet when it comes to be published. Some CMSs also provide fa cilities to track the status of content items through editorial processes and wo rkflows.There are three leading CMS they are Joomla,Wordpress and drupal.With CM S, many developers can edit the website and people with little knowledge of web dev elopment can edit the web pages.It provides easy way to store, sort, manage, and distribute the content of the website.One piece of content can be used multiple times, in different areas of the website. PORTALS: The portal is a site that the owner positions as an entrance to other sites on the internet.A portal typically has search engines and free email and chat rooms etc.Portals such as AOL,MSN, Netcenter, and Yahoo, earn their revenue from memb ership fees and/or by selling advertising space on their webpages. Also called p ortal site or web portal.A number of large access providers offer portals to the Web for their own users. Most portals have adopted the Yahoo style of content c ategories with a light-weight, text-based page that loads quickly. Companies wit h portal sites have attracted much stock market investor interest because portal s are viewed as able to command large audiences which in turn translates to a la rge number of advertising viewers.Private portals often include access to payrol

l information, internal phone directories, company news, and employee documentat ion.An enterprise portal is a Web-based interface for users of enterprise applic ations. Enterprise portals also provide access to enterprise information such as corporate databases, applications (including Web applications), and systems. WEB DESIGN: The web design is an art of desinging the single webpage or the complete website which primarily focuses on the look and feel of the website.It isn't just about making the Website look pretty. It is also about visual balance and readable ty pography, both of which are critical in the creation of a user-friendly Web desi gn.There are lots of software for website design like adobe photoshop, dreamweav er and many more.web design covering many different skills and disciplines that are used in the production and maintenance of websites. The different areas of w eb design include; web graphic design, interface design, authoring; including st andardised code and proprietary software.Thus Web design can be defined as the w hole production of the Website from start to finish excluding the programming pa rt. PHOTOSHOP: Photoshop is a professional image editing software package.It can produce the hi ghest quality images with fantastic detail in the shortest amount of time, using a combination of Photoshop CS5, Adobe Bridge, and Camera Raw.This is the most e fficient way to perform common editing tasks, including noise reduction, shadow and highlight detail recovery, retouching, and combining multiple images.The pow erful tools used to enhance and edit these pictures are also capable for use in the digital world including the infinite possibilities of the Internet.It also h as access to Photoshop Express Mobile tools for Android devices, and iOS devices (Apple iPhone, iPad, and iPod Touch).Photoshop Elements is packed with features to help amateur photographers at every stage of digital photo processing, inclu ding photo organizing, editing, and output. ILLUSTRATOR: Illustrator can easily draw or render artwork in perspective using a feature se t that works on established laws of perspective drawing.Perspective grid allows you to approximately represent a scene on a flat surface, as it is naturally per ceived (by the human eye). For example, a road or a pair of railway tracks, whic h seem to meet or vanish in the line of vision. Hence illustrators create 2-D, 3 -D and computer-generated drawings and diagrams that are used to illustrate how something is put together or how it operates. Illustrators take care to present graphics proportionately and accurately, often keeping specific measurements in mind. They often have backgrounds in the military, engineering and scientific fi elds.The illustrator creates visual images that are accurate and proportionate r egarding the subject in question, and that communicate the purpose and function of the illustrative material to the viewer.Illustrators often have a background in engineering or science, such as aerospace, military defense or architecture. FLASH: Flash was known as FutureSplash until 1997, when Macromedia Inc. bought the comp any that developed it.Flash is a multimedia graphics program specially for use o n the Web.Flash enables you to create interactive movies on the Web.It uses vect or graphics, which means that the graphics can be scaled to any size without los ing clarity or quality.Actionscript programming is used in Flash design to creat e more sophisticated and complex animations and functions.It also takes advantag e of the application architecture to produce Flash elements dynamically. Macromedia Flash Player is a well-known and trustworthy plug-in that is commonly available on most users web browsers.Flash content may be displayed on various computer systems and devices, using Adobe Flash Player, which is available free of charge for common web browsers, some mobile phones, and a few other electroni c devices using Flash Lite.Any Flash player must be able to animate on top of vi deo renderings, necessitating an intermediate color space conversion between vid

eo decoding and presentation, that a traditional multimedia player would leave f or hardware to do at a later stage. ANIMATION: Animation simulates movement through a series of pictures that have objects in s lightly different positions.The object of animation could be a 2D painting, a cl ay statue or could beanything. Animation starts with independent pictures and pu ts them together to form the illusion of continuous motion.Cartoons on televisio n is one example of animation.It can enhance the user experience while providing a more dynamic look and feel. Moving user interface elements smoothly around th e screen, gradually fading them in and out, and creating new custom controls wit h special visual effects can combine to create a cinematic computing experience for the end users.The animators using it have a lot of freedom to style and desi gn according to their own suitable need.The technique can also be used for less physical actions, such as a character looking off-screen to anticipate someone's arrival, or attention focusing on an object that a character is about to pick u p.Applications also use animation effectively to provide a rich, dynamic user ex perience.Animation is both time-consuming and costly to produce. For this reason , most of the animation made for television and film is produced by professorial studios.

MOBILE APPLICATION: Mobile application is a term used to describe software that runs on smartphones andmobile phones. Mobile applications are designed to educate, entertain, or ass ist consumers in their daily lives.Some of the application available to the clie nts are Mobile Games, PDA (Personal Digital Assistant), GPS (Global Positioning System) etc.In embedded mobile technology development, the hardware systems are integrated with mobile application to perform automatic workfunctions. The featu res include High security,Swift and easy integration with other applications and platforms,Low consumption of memory,Manages code,Automatic update and upgrade t o advance versions and Less use of power.Custom mobile application with a unique touch is much needed to boost the functions and performance of these mobile dev ices. Some of the big names in the industry today are - iPhone, Blackberry and A ndroid that have their own set of features that require technical finesse to mee t both individual and business needs. ANDEROID: Android is a smartphone operating system (OS) developed by Google. It is used by a variety of mobile phone manufacturers including Motorola, HTC and Sony Ericss on.The first phone to run on the Android OS was the HTC Dream which was launched on 22 October 2008. Google's own-brand Android phone, the HTC-made Nexus One, w as launched in the US on 5 January 2010. The Android platform is based on the Li nux operating system, and features numerous apps. Phones running the Android ope rating system are the primary competitor to Apple's iPhone, and are the best sel ling smartphones worldwide.Multitasking of applications, with unique handling of memory allocation, is available.Android supports tethering, which allows a phon e to be used as a wireless/wired Wi-Fi hotspot.The security is provided in such a way that android applications are made to run in a sandbox, an isolated area o f the operating system that does not have access to the rest of the system's res ources, unless access permissions are granted by the user when the application i s installed.Before installing an application, the Play Store displays all requir ed permissions.Android smartphones have the ability to report the location of Wi -Fi access points, encountered as phone users move around, to build databases co ntaining the physical locations of hundreds of millions of such access points.

OS/2: A family of multitasking operating systems for PCs developed originally by Micro soft Corporation and IBM, but sold and managed solely by IBM. OS/2 is compatible with DOS and Windows, which means that it can run all DOS and Windows programs. However, programs written specifically to run under OS/2 will not run under DOS or Windows.The server version includes advanced features such as the journaling file system (JFS). OS/2 includes Adobe Type Manager for rendering Type 1 fonts on screen and providing PostScript output on non-PostScript printers. OS/2 also was widely adopted by accounting professionals and auditing companies. OS/2 has very few native computer viruses;[43] while it is not invulnerable by design, it s reduced market share appears to have discouraged virus writers. There are, how ever, OS/2-based antivirus programs, dealing with DOS viruses and Windows viruse s that could pass through an OS/2 server.