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Java Script is one popular scripting language over internet. Scripting means a small sneak (piece). It is always independent on other languages. There are no relationship between in java & java script. Java Script is a scripting language that always dependent in HTML language. It used to css commands. It is mainly used to creating DHTML pages & validating the data. This is called client side validations. Oops: - Inheritance, polymorphism, abstraction, encapsulation etc... Java script is object based oriented language. Inheritance is does not support in JavaScript, so it is called object based oriented language. JavaScript was developed by Netscape (company name) & initially called live script. Later Microsoft developed and adds some futures live script then it is called Jscript. Jscript is nothing but Java script. We cannot create own classes in java script. Java script is designed to add interactivity to HTML pages. It is usually embedded directly into html pages. Java script is mainly useful to improve designs of WebPages, validate from data at client side, detects (find) visitors browsers, create and use to cookies, and much more. Java script is also called light weight programming language, because Java script is return with very simple syntax. Java script is containing executable code. Java script is also called interpreted language, because script code can be executed without preliminary compilation. Creating a java script: - html script tag is used to script code inside the html page. <script> </script> The script is containing 2 attributes. They are 1) Language attribute: - It represents name of scripting language such as JavaScript, VbScript. <script language=JavaScript> 2) Type attribute: - It indicates MIME (multi purpose internet mail extension) type of scripting code. It sets to an alpha-numeric MIME type of code. <script type=text / JavaScript> Location of script or placing the script: - Script code can be placed in both head & body section of html page. Script in head section Script in body section <html> <html> <head> <head> <script type=text / JavaScript> <script type= text / JavaScript> Script code here </script> </script> </head> </head> <body> <body> Script code here SUDHEER REDDY

2 POTHURAI </body> </body> </html> </html> Scripting in both head & body section: - we can create unlimited number of scripts inside the same page. So we can locate multiple scripts in both head & body section of page. Ex: <html> <head> <script type=text / JavaScript> Script code here </script> </head> <body> <script type=text / JavaScript> Script code here </script> </body> </html> Program: <html> <head> <script language="JavaScript"> document.write("hai my name is Sudheer Reddy") </script> </head> <body text="red"> <marquee> <script language="JavaScript"> document.write("hai my name is Sunil Kumar Reddy") </script> </marquee> </body> </html> O/P: hai my name is Sudheer Reddy hai my name is Sunil Kumar Reddy document. write is the proper name of object. There are 2 ways of executing script code 1) direct execute 2) to execute script code dynamically 3) Reacts to events: - JavaScript can be set to execute when something happens. When the page is finished loading in browser window (or) when the user clicks on html element dynamically. Ex: <!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional // EN"> SUDHEER REDDY

3 POTHURAI <HTML> <HEAD> <script language="JavaScript"> function myf( ) { document.write("Hai Sudheer") } </script> </HEAD> <BODY> to execute script code: <input type="button" value="click me" onclick="myf( )"> To execute script code: <input type="button" value="touch me" onmouseover="myf( )"> </BODY> </HTML> O/P: - to execute script code: To execute script code:

Creating external script: - some times you might want to run same script on several pages without having to write the script on each page. To simplify this, write external script & save .js extension. To use external script specify .js file in src attribute of script tag. Note: - external script can not contain script tag. document.write("this is external script code 1 "+"<br>"); document.write("this is external script code 2 "+"<br>"); document.write("this is external script code 3 "+"<br>"); document.write("this is external script code 4 "); save: - external.js <HTML> <BODY> <script language="JavaScript"> document.write("this is document code 1 "+"<br>"); document.write("this is document code 2 "+"<br>"); </script> <script src="external.js"> </script> </BODY> </HTML> O/P: this is document code 1 this is document code 2 this is external script code 1 this is external script code 2 this is external script code 3 SUDHEER REDDY

4 POTHURAI this is external script code 4 JavaScript syntax rules: - JavaScript is case sensitive language. In this upper case lower case letters are differentiated (not same). Ex: - a=20; A=20; Those the variable name a is different from the variable named A. Ex: - myf( ) // correct myF( ) // incorrect ; is optional in general JavaScript. Ex: - a=20 // valid b=30 // valid A=10; b=40; // valid However it is required when you put multiple statements in the same line. JavaScript ignore white space. In java script white space, tag space & empty lines are not preserved. To display special symbols we use \. Comment lines: - comments lines are not executable. // single line comment /* this is multi line comment */ Declaring variable: - variable is a memory location where data can be stored. In java script variables with any type of data are declared by using the keyword var. All keywords are small letters only. var a; a=20; var str; str= Sunil; var c; c=a; var d; d=30.7; But the keyword is not mandatory when declare of the variable. c; not valid. In this solution var keyword must be declared. During the script, we can change value of variable as well as type of value of variable. Ex: a=20; a=30.7; Operators: - when ever you combined operators & operands then it is called operation. There are 3 types of operators. 1) Unary operator: - if operator acts upon single operand then it I called unary operator. 2) Binary operator: -if operator acts upon two operands then it I called binary operator. 3) Ternary operator: - if operator acts upon three operands then it I called ternary operator.


5 POTHURAI 1) Arithmetic operators: - + , - , * , / , % , ++ , -a=20; - a; // - operator act upon only single operand, so it is called unary operator. a=20; b=40; a - b; // - operator act upon only single operand, so it is called binary operator. *, / , % pure binary operators. 2) Assignment operators: = is 1st category it assigns variables. + = , - = , * = , / = , % = 2nd category. These sets of operators are compound assignment operators & combine couple of the statements. a = a + b; a+=b; // both are same. 3) Relational operators: - < , > , > = , < = , = = ! = = , = = = , ! = = = (newly defined) When you compare two quantities, we can use relational operators. *Ex: a=20; b=20; a==b returns true a===b returns false. Because = = checks only content of variable, = = = checks both data & type of data of variable in java script. 4) Logical operators: - && , || , ! Compare two or more quantities we can use logical operators. These operators are just like boolean (true / false) ((cond1)&&(cond2)&&(cond3)) All conditions must be true it is true otherwise false. ((cond1)||(cond2)||(cond3)) Any one condition is true it is true otherwise false. 5) Conditional operators: - : , ? var1=(cond)?var2:var3 Ex: - a=20; b=30; big=(a>b)?a:b document.write(big) 6) New operator: - new operator is creating one object dynamically. var obj=new classname( ) Ex: - var d=new Date( ); d.getMonth( ); Conditional statements: SUDHEER REDDY

6 POTHURAI In Java Script conditional statements are useful to excuse different action for different decisions (conditions). 1) if statement. 2) if-else statement. 3) switch statement. if statement is useful to perform(execute) a single statement or group of statements when the condition is true. if else statement is useful to execute a one block of code from two blocks where one condition. Switch statement is very frequently to select one of many blocks of code for execution. Ex: <HTML> <BODY> <script language="JavaScript"> var d=new Date( ); var day=d.getDay( ); switch(day) { case 0: document.write("enjoy Sunday"); break; case 1: document.write("learning Monday"); break; case 2: document.write("popper Tuesday"); break; case 3: document.write("middle Wednesday"); break; case 4: document.write("temple Thursday"); break; case 5: document.write("finally Friday"); break; case 5: document.write("super Saturday"); break; default : document.write("I am looking forward for this week end"); } </script> </BODY> SUDHEER REDDY

7 POTHURAI </HTML> O/P: learning Monday

Control structures :-( loops) In java script loops are useful to perform one block of code repeatedly for specified no of times. There are 3 types of loops. 1) while loop 2) do-while loop 3) for loop. 1) while loop:- while loop is useful to execute a block of code repeatedly bussed on condition. It is also entry controlled loop. Syntax: - while(cond) { --- } Ex: - <HTML> <HEAD> <TITLE> Natural No's up to 100 using while </TITLE> </HEAD> <BODY> <script language="JavaScript"> a=1; while(a<=100) { document.write(a+" "); a++; } </script> </BODY> </HTML> O/P: - 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 2) do-while loop: - do-while loop is useful to execute a block of code repeatedly based on condition. It is also called exit controlled loop. Syntax: - do { --- } while(cond); Ex: - <HTML> <HEAD> <TITLE> Fibonacci series up to 10 </TITLE> </HEAD> <BODY> <script language="JavaScript"> a=0; b=1; document.write( a+" "+b+" ") SUDHEER REDDY

8 POTHURAI c=2; do { s=a+b; document.write( s+" "); c++; a=b; b=s; } while (c<10); </script> </BODY> </HTML> O/P: 0 1 1 2 3 5 8 13 21 34

3) for loop: Syntax: - for(initialization; cond; (inc / dec)) { ------ } Ex: - <HTML> <HEAD> <TITLE> Prime no's up to 100 </TITLE> </HEAD> <BODY> <script language="JavaScript"> for(i=0;i<=100;i++) { c=0; for(j=0;j<=i;j++) { if(i%j==0) c++; } if(c==2) document.write( i+" "); } </script> </BODY> </HTML> O/P: 2 3 5 7 11 13 17 19 23 29 31 37 41 43 47 53 59 61 67 71 73 79 83 89 97

JavaScript comes with many utility classes, that stores different types of data, but we should create object to the class before using it. 1) String class: - It is used to store text String that lets you to do process on it. There are 2 ways to store that string as shown below 1) var str=Sunil 2) var str=new String(Sunil) SUDHEER REDDY

9 POTHURAI String object contains so many methods & properties. Representation: Objname.method( ) Method big( ) small( ) blink( ) bold( ) italics( ) fontsize( ) fixed( ) fontcolor( ) strike( ) sub( ) sup( ) toLowerCase( ) toUpperCase( ) charAt( ) concat( ) indexOf( ) lastIndexOf( ) link( ) match( ) replace( ) search( ) slice( ) spilt( ) substr( ) subString( ) Property length Description displays a string in a big font. displays a string in a small font. displays a blinking string. displays a string in bold. displays a string in italic. displays a string in specific size. displays a string in specific size. displays a string in specified color. displays a string with a strike through. displays a string as a subscript. displays a string as a super script. displays a string in lower case letters. displays a string in upper case letters. returns the character at a specified position. join 2 or more strings. returns the position of the 1st occurrence of a specified string value in a string. returns the position of the last occurrence of a specified string value searching backwards from the specified position in a string. displays a string as a hyper link. searches for a specified string value in a string and return sub string. replace some characters with some other characters in a string. searches a string for a specified value. extracts a part of a string add returns the extracted part in a new string. splits a string in an array of strings. extracts a specified a number characters in a string from a start index. extracts the character in a string between two specified indices. Description returns the no. of characters in a string.


10 POTHURAI <BODY> <script language="JavaScript"> var t=new String("P.Sudheer Reddy") var s=new String("P.Sunil Kumar Reddy") document.write("<p>"+"Small = "+t.small( )+"</p>") document.write("<p>"+"Blink = "+t.blink( )+"</p>") document.write("<p>"+"Bold = "+t.bold( )+"</p>") document.write("<p>"+"Italics = "+t.italics( )+"</p>") document.write("<p>"+"Font size = "+t.fontsize(20)+"</p>") document.write("<p>"+"Fixed = "+t.fixed( )+"</p>") document.write("<p>"+"Font color = "+t.fontcolor("red")+"</p>") document.write("<p>"+"strike = "+t.strike( )+"</p>") document.write("<p>"+"Sub class = "+t.sub( )+"</p>") document.write("<p>"+"Super Class = "+t.sup ( )+"</p>") document.write("<p>"+"Lower case = "+t.toLowerCase( )+"</p>") document.write("<p>"+"Upper case = "+t.toUpperCase( )+"</p>") document.write("<p>"+"Char at = "+t.charAt( )+"</p>") document.write("<p>"+"Concat = "+t.concat( )+"</p>") document.write("<p>"+"Index of = "+t.indexOf("Reddy")+"</p>") document.write("<p>"+"Last index of ="+t.lastIndexOf("Sudheer")+"</p>") document.write("<p>"+"Link = "+t.link("www.google.com")+"</p>") document.write("<p>"+"Match = "+s.match("Sunil")+"</p>") document.write("<p>"+"Replace = "+t.replace("sunil kumar reddy")+"</p>") document.write("<p>"+"Search = "+t.search("Sudheer")+"</p>") document.write("<p>"+"Slice = "+s.slice("Sudheer")+"</p>") document.write("<p>"+"Split = "+t.split("Reddy")+"</p>") document.write("<p>"+"Substr ="+t.substr("Sunil")+"</p>") document.write("<p>"+"Substring = "+t.substring("Sunil")+"</p>") </script> </BODY> </HTML> O/P: Small = P.Sudheer Reddy

Blink = P.Sudheer Reddy Bold = P.Sudheer Reddy Italics = P.Sudheer Reddy Font size = P.Sudheer Fixed = P.Sudheer Reddy Font color = P.Sudheer Reddy strike = P.Sudheer Reddy SUDHEER REDDY


11 POTHURAI Sub class = P.Sudheer Reddy Super Class = P.Sudheer Reddy Lower case = p.sudheer reddy Upper case = P.SUDHEER REDDY Char at = P Concat = P.Sudheer Reddy Index of = 10 Last index of = 2 Link = P.Sudheer Reddy Match = Sunil Replace = P.Sudheer Reddy Search = 2 Slice = P.Sunil Kumar Reddy Split = P.Sudheer , Substr =P.Sudheer Reddy Substring = P.Sudheer Reddy 2) Defining Arrays:The array class is used to store a set of values in a single variable name with unique index number. We can define an Array object with the operator new. There are two ways of adding values to an array. 1) a) var myCars=new Array( ); myCars[0] = Wagner myCars[1] = innova myCars[2] = Santro You called also pass an integer argument to control the arrays size. b) var my cars =new Array(3) myCars[0] = Wagner myCars[1] = innova myCars[2] = santro 2) var myCars = new Array ( Wagner, innova, Santro) Array object contains so many methods & properties. SUDHEER REDDY

12 POTHURAI Representation: Objname.method( ) Method concat( ) join ( ) pop( ) push( ) shift( ) unshift( ) reverse( ) slice( ) sort( ) splice( ) Property length Description joins 2 or more arrays and returns the result. puts all the elements of an array into a string. The elements are separated by a specified delimiter. removes & return the last element of an array. adds 1 or more elements to the end of an array & returns the new length. removes & returns the first element of an array. adds 1 or more elements to the beginning of an array & returns the new length. reverse the order of the elements in an array. returns selected element from an existing array. sorts the array elements of an array. removes & adds new elements to an array. Description sets or return the no. of elements in an array.

Ex: <HTML> <HEAD> <TITLE> Array class </TITLE> </HEAD> <BODY> <script language="JavaScript"> var a=new Array(3); a[0]="Sudheer" a[1]="Sunil" a[2]="Balu" var b=new Array(3); b[0]="latha" b[1]="Saraswathi" b[2]="Usha" for(i=0;i<a.length;i++) { document.write("<p>"+a[i]+"</p>") } document.write("<p>"+"Concat = "+a.concat(b)+"</p>") document.write("<p>"+"Joined = "+a.join("-------- ")+"</p>") document.write("<p>"+"Poped = "+a.pop( )+"</p>") document.write("<p>"+"Poped ="+a.pop( )+"</p>") document.write("<p>"+"Shift ="+a.shift( )+"</p>") document.write("<p>"+"Unshift ="+b.unshift()+"</p>") document.write("<p>"+"Sort ="+b.sort( )+"</p>") document.write("<p>"+"Reverse ="+b.reverse( )+"</p>") SUDHEER REDDY

13 POTHURAI document.write("<p>"+"Slice ="+b.slice( )+"</p>") document.write("<p>"+"Pushed ="+a.push("Sirisha")+"</p>") document.write("<p>"+"pushed ="+a.push("Sandhya")+"</p>") document.write("<p>"+"pushed ="+a.push("Jeevitha")+"</p>") document.write("<p>"+"Sort ="+a.sort( )+"</p>") for(i=0;i<a.length;i++) { document.write("<p>"+a[i]+"</p>") } </script> </BODY> </HTML> O/P: Sunil Balu Concat = Sudheer,Sunil,Balu,latha,Saraswathi,Usha Joined = Sudheer-------- Sunil-------- Balu Poped = Balu Poped =Sunil Shift =Sudheer Unshift =undefined Sort =Saraswathi,Usha,latha Reverse =latha,Usha,Saraswathi Slice =latha,Usha,Saraswathi Pushed =1 pushed =2 pushed =3 Sort =Jeevitha,Sandhya,Sirisha Jeevitha Sudheer


14 POTHURAI Sandhya Sirisha Date class: - The date class used to work with dates & time. Create Date object: - var d=new Date( ); Date object methods: Method Description Date( ) returns todays date & time. getDate( ) returns the day of the month. getDay( ) returns the day of the week (From 0 6). getMonth( ) returns the month (from 0 11) getFullYear( ) returns the year as a 4 digit number. getHours( ) returns the hour (from 0 - 23). getMinutes( ) returns the minutes (from 0 59). getSeconds( ) returns the seconds (from 0 59). getMilleSeconds( ) returns the milliseconds (from 0 999). getTime( ) returns the no. of milliseconds since midnight jan 1,1970. setDate( ) sets the day of the month. setMonth( ) set the month (0 -11) setFullYear( ) sets the year (4 digits) setHours( ) set the Hour (0 23) setMinutes( ) set the minutes (0 - 59) setSeconds( ) set the seconds (0 59) Ex: <!-- to display current week day, month, date, & time based on system time--> <html> <head> <title> Date class </title> </head> <body> <script type="text/JavaScript"> document.write("<b>today date</b>:"+Date( )+"<br>") // to calculate years from 1970 var minutes=1000*60 hours=minutes*60 days=hours*24 years=days*365 var d=new Date( ) var t=d.getTime( ) var y=t,years document.write("it's been: "+y +"years since 1970/01/01!"+"<br>") // to set a specific date var d=new Date( ) d.setFullYear(2007,8,19) document.write("set specific date:" +d+"<br>") SUDHEER REDDY

15 POTHURAI // an array to write a week day & not just a number var d=new Date( ) var weekday=new Array(7) weekday[0]="Sunday" weekday[1]="Monday" weekday[2]="Tuesday" weekday[3]="Wednesday" weekday[4]="Thursday" weekday[5]="Friday" weekday[6]="Saturday" document.write("Today it is "+weekday[d.getDay( )]) </script> </body> </html> O/P: today date:Mon Sep 10 15:22:09 2007 it's been: 1189417929609years since 1970/01/01! set specific date:Wed Sep 19 15:22:09 UTC+0530 2007 Today it is Monday Math class: - the math class allows you to perform common mathematical tasks. Note: - it is not required to create object to math class before using it. We can call methods of math class as shown below. g.f: Math.methodName( ) Math object methods: Method Description abs(x) returns the absolute value of a number ceil(x) returns the value of a number round upwards to the nearest integer. floor(x) returns the value number rounded downwards to the nearest integer. exp(x) returns the value of exponent. log(x) returns the natural algorithm (base E) of a no. max(x,y) returns the number with the heights value min(x,y) returns the number with the lowest value. pow(x,y) returns the value of x to the power of y. random( ) return a random number between 0 & 1 round(x) rounds a number to the nearest integer 1,2,3 sqrt(x) returns the squire root of a number. sin(x) returns the sine of an angle. cos(x) returns the cosine value of an angle. tan(x) returns the tangent of an angle. Ex: <html> <head> <title> Math class </title> SUDHEER REDDY

16 POTHURAI <body> <script language="JavaScript"> x=4.6; y=9; document.write("<b>absolute="+Math.abs(x)+"<br>") document.write("<b>ceil="+Math.ceil(x)+"<br>"); document.write("<b>floor="+Math.floor(x)+"<br>"); document.write("<b>exponent="+Math.exp(x)+"<br>"); document.write("<b>logarithm="+Math.log(x)+"<br>"); document.write("<b>maximum="+Math.max(x,y)+"<br>"); document.write("<b>minimum="+Math.min(x,y)+"<br>"); document.write("<b>power="+Math.pow(y,x)+"<br>"); document.write("<b>random="+Math.random(x)+"<br>"); document.write("<b>round="+Math.round(x)+"<br>"); document.write("<b>squire="+Math.sqrt(x)+"<br>"); document.write("<b>sin="+Math.sin(x)+"<br>"); document.write("<b>cos="+Math.cos(x)+"<br>"); document.write("<b>tan="+Math.tan(x)+"<br>"); </script> </body> </html> O/P: absolute=4.6 ceil=5 floor=4 exponent=99.48431564193377 logarithm=1.5260563034950491 maximum=9 minimum=4.6 power=24519.72208445221 random=0.468801127809111 round=5 squire=2.1447610589527217 sin=-0.9936910036334644 cos=-0.11215252693505487 tan=8.860174895648045 JavaScript functions: - in java script functions are created with the keyword function as shown below Syntax: - function funname( ) { -------} Generally we can place script containing function head section of web page. There are 2 ways to call the function. 1) direct call function 2) Events handlers to call the function dynamically. SUDHEER REDDY

17 POTHURAI 1 We can pass data to function as argument but that data will be available inside the function. Ex: <HTML> <HEAD> <TITLE> Function direct call</TITLE> <script language="JavaScript"> function add(x,y) { z=x+y return z } </script> </HEAD> <BODY> <script> var r=add(30,60) document.write("addition is :"+r); </script> </BODY> </HTML> O/P: addition is :90

2 to add dynamical effects, java script provide a list of events that call function dynamically. Hare each event is one attribute that always specified in html tags. attrname=attrval eventName=funname( ) Ex: <HTML> <HEAD> <TITLE> Function dynamically</TITLE> <script language="JavaScript"> function add( ) { x=20 y=30 z=x+y document.write("addition is :"+z); } </script> </HEAD> <BODY> to call function: <input type="button" value="click hare" onclick="add( )"> </script> SUDHEER REDDY

18 POTHURAI </BODY> </HTML> O/P: - to call function: addition is :90 Events are not case sensitive. Java script events: Attribute The event occurs when onclick mouse click an object ondblclick mouse double clicks onmouseover a mouse cursor on touch here onmousedowna mouse button is pressed onmousemovethe mouse is moved onmouseout the mouse is moved out an element onmouseup a mouse button is released onkeydown a keyboard key is pressed onkeypress a keyboard key is pressed or held down onkeyup a keyboard key is released onfocus an elements get focus onblur an element loses focus onchange the content of a field change onselect text is selected onload a page or an image is finished loading onunload the user exist the page onerror an error occurs when loading a document or an image onabort loading an image is interrupted onresize a window or frame is resized onreset the reset button is pressed onsubmit the submit button is clicked Ex: <HTML> <HEAD> <TITLE> Mouse Events </TITLE> <script language="JavaScript"> function add() { a=55 b=45 c=a+b document.write("addition is :"+c) } </script> </HEAD> <BODY> SUDHEER REDDY

19 POTHURAI <b onclick="add( )"> to call function click here : </b> <br> <b onmouseover="add( )"> to call function touch here : </b> <br> <b ondblclick="add( )"> to call function double click here : </b> <br> <b onmousemove="add( )"> to call function cursor move here : </b> <br> <b onmouseup="add( )"> to call function cursor up here : </b> <br> <b onmouseout="add( )"> to call function cursor out here : </b> </BODY> </HTML> O/P: to call function click here : to call function touch here : to call function double click here : to call function cursor move here : to call function cursor up here : to call function cursor out here :

addition is :100

Program: <HTML> <HEAD> <TITLE> display student name </TITLE> <script language="JavaScript"> function disp( ) { // access from data var name=window.document.student.sname.value // (or) var name=window.document.getElementById("snameid").value //checking name if(name=""||!isNaN(name)||!isNaN(name.charAt(0))) window.alert("sname you entered is invalid") SUDHEER REDDY

20 POTHURAI else document.write("sname you have entered is : "+name); } </script> </HEAD> <BODY> <form name="student"> Enter Student name: <input type="text" name="sname"id="snameid" value="enter" onblur="disp( )"> </form> </BODY> </HTML> O/P: Enter Student name:

Enter Student name: sname you have entered is : true Popup boxes: - popup (arises) box is a small window that always shown before opening the page. The purpose of popup box is to write message, accept some thing from user. Java script provides 3 types of popup boxes. They are 1) alert 2) Confirm. 3) Prompt. 1) alert popup box :Alert box is a very frequently useful to send or write cautionary messages to end use alert box is created by alert method of window object as shown below. Syntax: - window alert (message); When alert popup, the user has to click ok before continue browsing. Ex: <html> <head> <title> alert box </title> <script language="JavaScript"> function add( ) { a=20 b=40 c=a+b window.alert("This is for addition of 2 no's") document.write("Result is: "+c) SUDHEER REDDY

21 POTHURAI } </script> </head> <body onload="add( )"> </body> </html> O/P: -

Result is: 60 2) confirm popup box:This is useful to verify or accept some thing from user. It is created by confirm method of window object as shown below. Syntax:window.confirm (message?); When the confirm box pops up, user must click either ok or cancel buttons to proceed. If user clicks ok button it returns the boolean valve true. If user clicks cancel button, it returns the boolean value false. Ex: <HTML> <HEAD> <TITLE> Confirm </TITLE> <script> function sub( ) { a=50 b=45 c=a-b x=window.confirm("Do you want to see subtraction of numbers") if(x==true) { document.write("result is :"+c) } else { document.write("you clicked cancel button") } } </script> </HEAD> SUDHEER REDDY

22 POTHURAI <BODY onload="sub( )"> to see the o/p in pop up box: </BODY> </HTML> O/P: to see the o/p in pop up box:

result is :5 3) Prompt popup box:- It is useful to accept data from keyboard at runtime. Prompt box is created by prompt method of window object. window.prompt (message, default text); When prompt dialog box arises user will have to click either ok button or cancel button after entering input data to proceed. If user click ok button it will return input value. If user click cancel button the value null will be returned. Ex: <HTML> <HEAD> <TITLE> Prompt </TITLE> <script> function fact( ) { var b=window.prompt("enter +ve integer :","enter here") var c=parseInt(b) a=1 for(i=c;i>=1;i--) { a=a*i } window.alert("factorial value :"+a) } </script> </HEAD> <BODY onload="fact( )"> </BODY> </HTML> O/P: -



Document object model:The W3C document object model (DOM) is a platform and language neutral allows interface that programs & scripts to dynamically structure and style of document. The W3C DOM provides a standard set of object for representing HTML and XML documents and a standard interfaces for accessing and manipulating them. The following is the hierarchy of the DOM. |- Document --------------|- | |- History | |- Location | Window ----------- | | |- Navigator | |- Event | |- Frames images Links anchors Objects Embeds Forms text fields pass words fields hidden fields Radio button Select Submit Reset Button Text area Fill upload Checkbox

navigator. app name ( ) navigator. app version ( ). Document object properties:SUDHEER REDDY

24 POTHURAI Document object is object that always refers current document body with this object you can access existing documents and update content (text, image, list, table, forms) of them. g.f:- document. property name. Property description bgcolor sets return the background color of the document fgcolor sets or return the text color lastModified returns the date & time the document was last modified linkColor sets or returns the color of the links in the document alinkColor sets or return the color of active links title returns the title URL returns the URL of the current document vlinkColor sets or return the color of the visited links Document object methods: g.f : document.methodname( ) Method Description clear( ) clear all the elements in the document createAttribute(name) create an attribute with a specified a name createElement(tag) creates an element createTextNode(txt) create a text string focus( ) gives the document focus getElementById( ) returns a reference to the first object with the specified ID getElementByName( ) returns a collection of objects with the specified name getElementByTag Name(tag) returns a collection of objects with the specified TAGNAME open( ) opens a document for writing close( ) close the output stream & displays the sent data write( ) write a text string to a document Ex1: <HTML> <HEAD> <TITLE> document </TITLE> <script> function title1( ) { window.alert("Title of the document is :"+document.title); } function address( ) { window.alert("URL of the document is :"+document.URL); } SUDHEER REDDY

25 POTHURAI function bgcolor( ) { document.bgColor="yellow"; } function mdate( ) { window.alert("The last modified date is :"+document.lastModified); } </script> </HEAD> <BODY> <input type="button" value="page title" onclick="title1( )"><br> <b onmouseover="address( )">to get page address just touch this text </b><br> <input type="button"value="change bgcolor" onclick="bgcolor( )"> <br> <input type="button" value="Last modified date" onclick="mdate( )"> </BODY> </HTML> O/P: -

Ex2: <HTML> <HEAD> <TITLE> see tag </TITLE> <script> function getElement( ) { var x=document.getElementById("marqueeid"); window.alert("i am a "+x.tagName+"element") } </script> </HEAD> <BODY> <marquee id="marqueeid"onclick="getElement( )"> SUDHEER REDDY

26 POTHURAI <b><b> Click to see what element I am i </marquee> </BODY> </HTML> O/P: Click to see what element I am i

Ex3: <HTML> <HEAD> <TITLE> This is main page </TITLE> <script> function createNewDoc( ) { var newDoc=document.open( ) var txt="<html><head><title>This is new document </title> </head><body> Creating about DOM is fun! </body> </html>"; newDoc.write(txt) newDoc.close(); } </script> </HEAD> <BODY onclick="createNewDoc( )"> <b> To see the next page click here </b> </BODY> </HTML> O/P: -



DOM window object: Window object: - the window object represents the current browser window. A window object is created automatically with every instance of a <body> or <frame> tag. Window object properties: Property description defaultStatus sets or return the default text in the status bar of the window. dialogArguments returns all variables passed into the model dialog window. dialogHeight sets or return the height of the modal dialog window. dialogLeft sets or return the left co-ordinates of the modal dialog window. dialogTop set or return the top co-ordinates of the modal dialog window. dialogWidth sets or return the width co-ordinates of the modal dialog window. length sets or return the number of frames in the window. name sets or return the name of the window. opener sets or return a reference to the window that created the window. parent returns the parent window. returnValue sets or return the value returned from the modal dialog window. self returns a reference to the current window. status sets or return the text in the status bar of the window. top returns the topmost ancestor window. Window object methods: Method description alert( ) display an alert box with a specified message & an ok button. blur( ) close( ) removes focus from the current window. closes the current window. SUDHEER REDDY

28 POTHURAI confirm( ) displays a dialog box with a specified message & ok &a cancel button. createPop( ) create a pop-up window. focus( ) sets focus on the current window. moveBy(x,y) moves the window a specified number of pixels in relation to its current co-ordinates. navigate(URL) loads the specified URL into the window. open( ) open a new browser window. print( ) print the content of the current window. prompt( ) displays a dialog box that prompts the user for input. resizeBy(x,y) resizes the window by the specified pixels. scrollBy( ) scrolls the content by the specified no. of pixels. setInterval calls a function / evaluate an expression every time a (function, specified interval. The arguments can take the milliseconds) following values. Function required. A pointer to a function or the code to be executed millisec required. clearInterval(ID) cancels a timeout that is set with the set interval ( ) method. setTimeout( calls a function or evaluates an expression after a funname,millisec). specified number of milliseconds. clearTimeout(ID) cancels a timeout that is set with the setTimeout( ) method. Ex: <HTML> <HEAD> <TITLE> Time display</TITLE> <script> function startTime( ) { var today=new Date( ) var h=today.getHours( ) var m=today.getMinutes( ) var s=today.getSeconds( ) // add a 0 in front of no's <10 m=cheakTime(m) s=cheakTime(s) document.getElementById("bid").innerHTML=h+":"+m+":"+s t=window.setTimeout('startTime( )',500) } function cheakTime(i) { if(i<10) { i="0"+i } return i } </script> SUDHEER REDDY

29 POTHURAI </HEAD> <BODY onload="startTime( )"> <b id="bid"> </b> </BODY> </HTML> O/P: - 17:05:17 Client side validations: <HTML> <HEAD> <TITLE> client side validation </TITLE> <script> // validating emp name function cheakname( ) { var name=window.document.getElementById("enameid").value if(name=""||!isNaN(name)||!isNaN(name.charAt(0))) { window.alert("name enterd is invalid") window.document.getElementById("enameid").focus( ) window.document.getElementById("enameid").value="" } else { window.document.getElementById("noid").disabled=false; } } // validating eno function cheakno( ) { var no=window.document.getElementById("noid").value var no=parseInt(no) if(no=""||isNaN(no)) { window.alert("numbered enter is invalid") window.document.getElementById("noid").focus( ) window.document.getElementById("noid").value="" } else { window.document.getElementById("submitid").disabled=false; window.document.getElementById("resetid").disabled=true; } } </script> </HEAD> SUDHEER REDDY

30 POTHURAI <BODY> <form name="emp" action=""method="get"> enter emp name:<input type="text" name="ename" id="enameid" onblur= "cheakname( )"> <br> enter emp id:<input type="text" name="no" id="noid" onblur="cheakno( ) "disabled><br> <input type="submit" id="submitid" value="send" disabled> <input type="reset" id="resetid" value="clear"> </form> </BODY> </HTML> O/P: enter emp name: : enter emp id:

enter emp name: : enter emp id: