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RECTANGULAR FOOTING

Problem

A 450 mm square interior column carries a dead load of 825 kN and a live load of 668 kN. A rectangular footing is required to carry the column loads such that the length of the long side must be equal to twice the width of the short side. Assume base of footing is 1.5 m below the ground surface. Allowable bearing pressure of soil is 192 kPa. fc=27.6 MPa, fy=415 MPa, weight of 3 3 soil is 15.74 kN/m and that of concrete is 23.5 kN/m . Determine the dimensions of the rectangular footing. Determine the longitudinal steel requirements. Determine the steel requirements in short direction.
0.90 m 1.5 m 0.60 m DL = 825 kN/m LL = 668 kN/m

Solution
Dimensions of the rectangular footing: Assume total depth of 600 mm. ( )
4.28

Effective soil pressure: (

)
2.14

Area required:
1.39 d=0.525

( )

Ultimate upward soil pressure: (

[(

)(

) ]

) ( )

Considering one way shear: ( )( )

( ) use 2.14 m x 4.28 m x 0.60 m rectangular footing )


4.28

( )

450

Considering two-way shear (punching shear):

975

450

2.14

975

Longitudinal steel requirements:


4.28

( (

)(

)( )

0.45 0.45 2.14

( (

)( )

)(

1.915

1.915

qu = 224.76 kPa

( using 25mm bars ( )

)(

Use 10 25 mm bars

Reinforcement in short direction: (


4.28

(
0.845

)( )

)(

( (

)(

)( )

) ( )( )

) (

n = 2.9 say 3 bars

Using 22 mm bars ( )

Rectangular Footings
Design Procedure (through Sample Problem)

Design a rectangular spread footing to carry 235 kips dead load and 115 kips live load from an 18-in. square tied column that contains #9 bars. One dimension of the footing is limited to a maximum of 7 ft. The allowable soil pressure is 5500 psf. neglect the effect of overburden. Use fc = 3000 psi, fy = 40000 psi, and the strength method of the ACI Code.

(A) Determine plan of footing. Assume a footing depth of 2 ft, or 300 psf.

Space limitation prevents one dimension from exceeding 7 ft; thus

Try 7 ft x 9 ft 8 in. (Area = 67.7 sq ft).

(B) Determine depth required for shear strength. This footing may be long enough for one-way beam action to govern. In such a case, a direct solution for the effective depth d is reasonably practical. The factored column load is ( ) ( ) Making the nominal shear strength Vn=Vc so that shear reinforcement is not required, which means ( ( )( ( ( ) ) ( )( ) ) )

The net upward pressure under factored load condition is

Total depth = 17.9 + 3 (cover) + 1 (estimated bar diameter) = 21.9 in. Try 22 in. for total depth. Check this depth for twoway shear action as a slab, using critical section with d = 18 in. [ ( ) ( )]

[ ( )]( )

) [ ]

For c = 9.67/7 = 1.38 < 2, and b0/d = 4(18 + 18)/18 = 8 < 20 for a four-sided critical section,