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www.iasexamportal.com  Delimitation literally means the act or process of fixing limits or boundaries of
www.iasexamportal.com  Delimitation literally means the act or process of fixing limits or boundaries of

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Delimitation literally means the act or process of fixing limits or boundaries of territorial constituencies in a

country or a province having a legislative body. The

need for periodical delimitation is the, rise in population and the migration of people.

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Delimitation needs to be undertaken in a way as to be integrated with development of the constituency.

Therefore, administrative, social and geographical

dimensions need to be kept in mind.

All constituencies shall, as far as practicable, be geographically compact areas, and in delimiting them

regard shall be had to the physical features, existing

boundaries of administrative

units,

facilities

of

communication and public convenience.

Each constituency in a State shall be so delimited that the population of all constituencies shall, so far as practicable, be the same throughout the State.

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The duty of delimitation is assigned to a high power body called the Delimitation Commission. Its orders have the force of law and cannot be called in question before any court. These orders come into force on a date to be

specified by the President of India in this behalf.

The copies of its orders are laid before the house of the People and the State Legislative Assembly concerned, but no modifications are permissible in them.

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www.iasexamportal.com  Delimitation Commission is headed by the Chairman who is a sitting or former

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www.iasexamportal.com  Delimitation Commission is headed by the Chairman who is a sitting or former Judge

Delimitation Commission is headed by the Chairman who is a sitting or former Judge of the Supreme Court. Chief Election Commissioner or an Election Commissioner is an ex-officio member.

The DC will have the State Election Commissioner of the State concerned as another ex-officio member. There will also be 10 associate members in each State: five will be the Members of the Lok Sabha (representing the

State) and five will be Members of the State Assembly.

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www.iasexamportal.com  It has been observed that boundaries of constituencies are drawn and redrawn in

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www.iasexamportal.com  It has been observed that boundaries of constituencies are drawn and redrawn in such

It has been observed that boundaries of constituencies are drawn and redrawn in such a manner as to favour a

particular party or a candidate and influence electoral

results. Thus, vested interest can be the basis for delimitation in certain pockets. It is known as gerrymandering, an American expression.

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