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RHODOPE MOUNTAINS IN ROMAN THRACE (45 284 AD)


Jordan Iliev
St. Clement of Ochrid Sofia University

ABSTRACT: The text states that the largest duty of the Bulgarian historiography to
Rhodope Mountains is the lack of a systematic vision on the destiny of the Mountains and the
indigenous peoples in the history of Antiquity. The proposed article is an attempt this important
gap to be fill for only one period of the Mountains history, namely the Roman times. Its done a
review of all available sources with major emphasis on their modern state, problems and
perspectives. Its followed by attention to such essential problems as the Roman conquest of
Rhodope Mountains and the subsequent political reforms in Thrace, the socio-economic, cultural
and religious development of that area within the Roman Empire.
Key words: Roman Empire, province of Thrace, Rhodope Mountains, history.
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1 MUSAIOS (TLG & TLL),
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2 Verg. Georg. 1.332; 3.351; 3.462; 4.461.
3 Horat. Carm. 3.25.12.
4 Hyg. Fab. 132.2.3.
5 Ovid. Heroid.2.1; 2.113.
6 Ars Amat. 3.321.
7 Met. 2.222; 6.87; 6.589; 10.11; 10.50; 10.77.
8 Fast. 3.739.
9 Fab. 1.6.
10 Thras. Fr. 1 = Ps.-Plut. De Fluv. 11.3.1.
11 Pomp. De Chronogr. 2.17.3; Senec. Herc. 144; 1032; 1050; 1538; Lucan. Bell. Civ. 6.618; 7.450; Plin.
Nat. Hist. 4.3.6; 4.35.5; 4.41; Ital. Pun. 2.73; 3.494; 3.621; 9.605; 11.476; 12.400; 12.658; 14.121; Stat.
Theb. 2.81; 4.655; 8.408; 11.195; Flac. Arg. 1,664; Mart. Spect. 21; Lucian. Fug. 25; De Salt. 51; Porphyr.
Comm. in Hor. Carm. 3.25.10; Herod. De Prosod. 3.1.52.8; Hist. Aug. Div. Aurel. 31.3.
12 Stat. Silv. 4.6.9.
13 Plin. Nat. Hist. 3.149.6; Stat. Silv. 4.2.46; Flac. Arg. 1.728; Ptolem. Geogr. 3.11.5; Cass. Dio. Hist. Rom.
49.36.6; 51.22.7; Fr. 12.19.
14 Heroic. 3.16-17.
15 Stat. Theb. 5.121; 12.181; Mart. Spect. 3.
16 Theb. 5.189.
17 Epit. Bell. Omn. 1.39.20.
18 Mithr. 291-294.
19 Strab. Geogr. 17.1.33; Plin. Nat. Hist. 36.82.6; Lucian. De Salt. 2; Ach. Tat. Leuc. et Clith. 2.17.3; 8.12.18; Athen. Deipnosoph. 13.69; Ael. Var. Hist. 13.33; Herod. Partit. 231.12.

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22 2010: 177-186.
23 SEG, II: 685.
24 CIL, XVI: 12, 149, 188; RMD, III: 136.
25 Roxan 2004: 267-274.
26 , . 1991: Pass.; Prokopov 2011: Pass.

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29 B.C. 4.13.103.
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31 1946: 257 .; Danov 1979: 145 sq.; 1982: 152 .; 1983: 66; 1987: 81
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33 1980: 101-2, 104; Gerov 1988: 137-8.
34 2000: 32-47; 2004: 33 .; Delev 2009: 245-253.

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37 Gerov 1980: 229, not. 4.
38 Flor. 2.27.
39 Webber 2003: 529 .
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41 2010: 99-108 .
42 IG, I: 677.
43 IGBulg., III/1: 1115.
44 IGBulg., IV: 2338; ibid., V: 5928.
45 IGBulg., III/1: 1116; ibid., V: 5479.
46 - Tatscheva 2007: 33-47.
47 CIL, XVI: 12.
48 2005: 434.
49 IGBulg., III/1: 1390.

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51 IGBulg. III/1, 1126; ibid. V, 5481.
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53 . Jovanova 2006: 141. 176 .
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54 (), . IGBulg., III/1, 1127;
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55 Gerasimova 1990: 1.
56 . Gerov 1980: 361 sq.; Boteva 2001: 37 sq.; Kulikowski 2007: 18 sq.
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58 Gerov 1980: 56.
59 Ibidem: 76.
60 Ibidem: 163, 167, 180.

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67 2007: 89 .
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70 . CIL, XVI: 10, 35, 45; RMD, I: 19; CIL, XVI: 83.
71 Roxan 2004: 274.
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74 1973: 29-30.
75 1975: 36.
76 Tryantaphyllos 2010: 25-52.
77 Kabakchieva 2010: 279-296.
78 1997: 251-256.
79 Seure 1901: 156-220.
80 Boteva 2007: 80-85.
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87 CIL, XIV, 149.
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89 : 41 49 913 N, 26 10 695 E. . 1991: Pass.
90 1987: 147-148; 1990: 69.
91 1969: 249; 1997: 169-170.
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93 1997: 169-170.
94 1976: 24.
95 - 1984: 104-133.
96 1997: 140.
97 . 2009: 256 .
98 Andreeva 1997: 46 sq.
99 2009: 374-385.
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102 Philostr. Her. 3.16-17.
103 Stat. Theb. 2.81. . Stat. Theb. 12.181.
104 Ovid. Met. 6.589: nocte sonat Rhodope tinnitibus aeris acuti. Ovid. Fast. 3.739.
105 Verg. Fab. 132.2.3.
106 Pomp. Mela De Chr. 2.17.3.
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1969: . .
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1997: . . , , . ,
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1976: . . . . Rhodopica,
1976, 1.
1980: . . . , LXXII,
1977 (1980).
112 IGBulg. III/1: 1094, 1096 (); 1101, 1103 (); 1131, 1148, 1155-1159?, 1167, 11721173, 1175, 1176, 1179-1181, 1188, 1190, 1192, 1200, 1205, 1217, 1221, 1223, 1240-1248, 1259-1261,
1264-1266,
1268-1272,
1278,
1281,
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1831
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113 IGBulg. III/1: 1126, 1128, 1153, 1161-1163, 1171, 1174, 1177, 1178, 1184-1187, 1189, 1191,
1193-1195, 1203, 1224-1230, 1232, 1236-1239, 1277, ().
114 IGBulg. III/1: 1132-1140, 1145, 1154, 1257, ().
115 IGBulg. III/1: 1306 (); 1418 (); IGBulg. V: 2340-2341 (
).
116 IGBulg. III/1: 1317 ( ); IGBulg. V: 5612 ().
117 IGBulg. III/1: 1106 (); 2005: 457 ().
118 IGBulg. III/1: 1319 (); 1330 ().
119 IGBulg. III/1: 1424 ( ).
120 IGBulg. III/2: 1829 (); 1833 ().
121 IGBulg. V: 2343 ( ).
122 IGBulg. III/1: 1446 ().
123 IGBulg. III/1: 1331 ().
124 IGBulg. III/1: 1431 ().
125 IGBulg. III/1: 1410 ().
126 IGBulg. III/1: 1293 ().
127 IGBulg. V: 5610 ().
128 IGBulg. III/2: 1834 ( ).
129 IGBulg. III/1: 1233-1234, 1286, 1287 (); 1321 (); 1335 (); 1385 ();
1398-1399 (); 1404 (); 1417 (); 5525 ( ); IGBulg. V: 1727
( ); 2344, 2348 ( ).
130 IGBulg. III/1: 1124 (); 1447 (. ).
131 IGBulg. III/1: 1183 ().

307

1982: . . . . ., 1982.
2010: . .
. . . . , 2010.
2011: . . . - ( ).
1975: . . . ,
1975, 4.
2006: . .
. Spartacus, II, 2006.
1973: . . . ,
. 1972 . ., 1973.
- 1984: . -. .
, . Thracia, VI, 1984.
- 1987: . -.
. ., 1987.
2007: . .
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2010: . .
V . . . , 2010.
2010: . . . .
. , 2010.
2011: . . (188 . .
. 45 . . .). Collegium Historicum, 1. , 2011.
1975: . . . , .
, 1975, 1.
1987: . . . , .
. 1986 . , 1987.
1990: . , . . . ,
. . 1989 . , 1990.
2009: . . . . , 2009.
1991: . . . ., 1991.
1976: . , . , . , . , . .
. 73. ., V, 1976.
2009: . . ,
. . .,
2009.
1991: . . , V . . .
. V . ., 1991.
1983: . . ( . . ..
45 . . .). -, 76, 1983.
1987: . . , 2. ., 1987.
2000: . . [ 1]. ., 2000.
2004: . . , 2. ., 2004.
2007: . . . .
. Rhodopica, 2007, 1.
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2005: . , . , . , . .
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Official address of the author:


Jordan Iliev, PhD Candidate
Department of Ancient history, Thracology and Mediaeval history
Faculty of History, St. Clement of Ochrid Sofia University
1504 Sofia, 15 Tsar Osvoboditel Boulevard, room 38.
GSM: +359XXXXXXXXX; E-Mail: Jordan_Iliev@hotmail.com; Web page: www.jordan-iliev.eu

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