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Thursday 08.11.

12

The best revenge


How women won the vote for Obama By Emma Brockes

That phone call


12A

Suzanne Moore
The ordinary monsters

Oysters
Why we should eat more

Notes & Queries


How small is small?

Michael Gambon
Staging Beckett

How to concede an election

Shortcuts

Barack Obama an Mitt Romney; (b d elow) losing presiden tial candidate in 19 96, Bob Dole

US politics

How to concede an election gracefully

eve all been there. Its 1am, youve just lost the American presidential election, and now youve got to call the victor to concede. What the devil do you say? This, as history now records, was the quandary facing a certain Willard Mitt Romney or, as David Lynch termed him last week: R-Money in the early hours of Wednesday morning. For variously obvious reasons, it must have been a dicult moment. There was no love lost between R-Money and Obama during the campaign at one point, the president implied that Mitt caused cancer while only hours before Romney had boasted that he was so condent of victory, he had only prepared a winners speech. All 1,118 words of it. Not that hes counting or anything. Emotions aside, though, theres an art to timing the concessionary phone-call. Too early, and you risk either upsetting your supporters (who want to feel they at least made things close) or worse still, foreclosing the possibility of a nd win. Too late, and youre seen as ter. divisive and bitter. andidate The losing candidate has an important duty, said Steve nior Schmidt, the senior Republican strategist who cCain advised John McCain cede on when to concede C in 2008, on NBC on s Monday. Thats to concede the election in a r graceful manner ite and begin to unite the country. ob Republican Bob ple Dole is an example of hings. how not to do things. mIn 1996, he seemingly conceded to

the incumbent, Bill Clinton, before polls even closed in California. Half an hour later, the concession was retracted and the mistake was attributed to mythological creatures. Either a gremlin or ca some other thing caused it to be released, ex explained Doles hapless press secretary. pre In the ho hours leading up to the ph phone call, the candidates simply hang a about. Ev about. Everyones sitting there, says sitting the Schmid Theyve Schmidt. show showered in the ho hotel. Theyve moved over to the [campaign] site. Theyre restless a lot of it is just watching i TV. (So restless, in fact, re that this y year Romneys aide Garrett Jackson Garre preferred to spend the evening c chasing the younger m members of the

Romney clan down the corridors of a gloomy hotel. He released a photo of the shenanigans. Its supposed to be touching, but really it looks more like something out of The Shining.) Nearby, explained Schmidt, will have been a war-room of young kids. These strategists do the number-crunching on the results as theyre announced and ultimately advise the losing candidate on when to give in. Its a tough moment, Schmidt continued, when you have to tell the candidate, as I did, that weve lost Ohio: youre not going to be the president of the United States. But even at this stage, the phone call can go wrong. In 2000, Al Gore famously rang George Bush to concede once it looked like hed lost Florida. Minutes later, Gore was back on the blower. Some of the Florida results looked awed, and he wanted to stay in the race. Let me make sure I understand, an enraged Bush apparently

replied. Youre calling me back to retract your concession? You dont have to get snippy about it, Gore shot back. Snippy, however, didnt even begin to describe what followed. Legal wrangling continued for weeks, and it wasnt until December that Bush could safely call himself president-elect. John Kerry, Gores successor as Democratic challenger, achieved rather more grace mostly because his loss was that much more obvious. Congratulations, Mr President, was his gambit at the start of a measured ve-minutelong conversation between himself and George Bush in 2004. And what of old R-Money? Well, in the end, it seems he opted for the Kerry school of concessionary telephony. Shortly before 1am, east-coast time, a Republican aide told CNN he had called Obama for a short, polite chat. Good for him. Patrick Kingsley

Shorter er cuts s
2 The Guardian 08.11.12

4,000 4,000,000 likes


Dyla Bob Dylan attracted a lot of thumbsthumbs-ups when his rst ever Faceboo Facebook status predicted a landslide for Obama. Hes a hard act to follow. A positive soundbite from Dylan? The soun times really are a-changing. tim

Cheaters beware
Academics are contemplating putting students through drugs tests around exam time, according to the author of a Cambridge University study that found 10% admit to taking pills to enhance their performance.

Motoring

Does your car have a spare tyre?

t is an unfortunate axiom of modern motoring that the rst time you clap eyes on your spare tyre is usually the rst time you get a at, and its always a moment of apprehension. Will the jack be of unfathomable design? Will the spare itself be at? Will it be one of those spacesaving toy tyres that can only be driven on safely for 50 miles (or unsafely for much, much longer)? What about this scenario: you open the boot and nd nothing at all. Its a not very widely publicised fact that an increasing number of new cars dont come with a spare. (Contrary to what many people think, there is no legal requirement to carry one, but if you do, it must comply with laws on wear and condition.) According to a new survey by Auto Express, only a third of current Ford models have one, and none of the new Minis includes

them as standard. What you get instead d is a repair kit a bottle le of sealant and an electric ctric compressor. The problem with the sealant is that it wont work for larger leaks, and the glue leaves the tyre beyond repair. The RAC attributes 20,000 call-outs a year to new cars without spares. The stated reasons for this rather glaring omission are varied. Some manufacturers claim that consumers have demanded extra boot space, which had to come from somewhere. Others insist it is done to cut down on weight, and carbon dioxide emissions. Industry representatives maintain the repair kits are cleaner to use, and that fewer drivers these days know how to change a tyre anyway. Thats right: its our fault. The manufacturers main consideration is, of course, the bottom line: even those little donut wheels cost up to 150. A repair kit, on the other hand, costs about 20. Do yourself a favour and check the arrangements in your cars boot. That way, when you next get a at, at least you wont be surprised. Tim Dowling

Pass notes No 3,278 Nate Silver


Age: 34. Appearance: Sheldon from The Big Bang Theory. Never seen it. Then just imagine a generic massive geek. Will do. So who is he? Hes a psephologist and former sabermetrician. A what and a what now? A statistical analyst of elections and a former statistical analyst of baseball. His blog, FiveThirtyEight, now hosted by the New York Times, is the go-to site for cold, hard election stats. So hes pretty good then? Well, he got Tuesdays presidential election exactly right. So did half the worlds tossed coins. True enough. But they werent quite as accurate. Meaning? Silver didnt just predict Obama was going to win it. He correctly projected the results for every single one of Americas 50 states. Something 50 tossed coins would have less than a one in a trillion chance of getting right. Ah, well. Thats a little more impressive. Howd he do it? With his election simulator statistical model, which aggregates hundreds of polling gures and economic data, weights it all for accuracy, factors in a load of fancy maths about past elections and boils the whole thing down to a percentage chance of victory for each candidate. On Tuesday morning, while many pundits were insisting it was too close to call, Silvers model put Obamas chances at a precise and healthy 90.9%. How did pundits feel about that? Pretty uncomfortable. He was derided in the media as a joke, who was getting into silly land. One rightwing blogger even dismissed his predictions on the grounds that Silver an openly gay Democrat was thin and eeminate. Because your maths is wrong if youre not fat and masculine? Apparently. Why such hatred for a mere statistician? A few reasons. In part, because he dispelled the myth of Mitts momentum. In part, because some people feel that stats have a well-known liberal bias. And, in part, because if number-crunchers are this dang good, the days of the postulating pundit may be, well, numbered. Do say: Lies, damned lies and thin and eeminate statistics. Dont say: I thought a sabermetrician measured swords.

IN NUMBERS

423,390
The average dierence in executive pay between men and women, according to the Chartered Management Institute. Thats 14,689 less a year if youre a woman. In other words, for every 100 that men take home, a woman gets 85. Need we go on?

Movember

PHOTOGRAPHS GETTY IMAGES; ALAMY; REX REATURES

We focus-grouped this intensively. Apparently, the more of my quivering lie-hole I cover, the better

I got mine from porngear4u.com

Heres a cunning stunt by the Movember charity campaign, who have added moustaches to the waxworks of David Cameron and Boris Johnson at Madame Tussauds. What do you think theyre saying? Tell us at guardian.co.uk/shortcuts

iSelf-defence
A safety-conscious dad has developed a pepper-spray iPhone case for his daughter. Thatll make her popular on campus.

Close shave
American news anchor Jai Cunningham held back tears as he pledged to shave his head on air every time a woman or child is killed in the US as a result of domestic violence, after a friend was murdered by her partner.

Kenyans dont lose races


As his tweet shows, comedian Chris Rock thinks Obamas second term was inevitable.

08.11.12 The Guardian 3

Suzanne Moore
Away from the celebrity scandals and conspiracy theories, abusers are often the most ordinary of monsters

re we in the midst of paedogeddon? A huge, unnecessary moral panic about abuse triggered by the Savile revelations? Not exactly but something strange is going on. We have indeed been here before, but my hope is that instead of swinging between outrage and denial about child abuse, we may start to hear what victims and their advocates have been telling us for decades. The MP Tom Watson says he has been shocked by what he has been told about coverups, Tory politicians and paedophile networks. He seems genuinely horried by the dark and disturbing information he has received. I understand a little because since I wrote about Savile a couple of weeks ago, asking that we focus on the victims and not the BBC or political point-scoring, I have also been the recipient of too much information. While I imagine Watson has been privy to horrible stories about institutionalised sexual abuse, I have been inundated with stories from women who have been abused mostly in familial circumstances. Some of them are confused about whether they really have been abused. It is terribly sad stu, listening to adults who feel guilty about something that happened to them long ago, and who feel betrayed by those who should have protected them. This tangle of feelings may lead to damage that resonates through generations because the boundaries between sex and love became so twisted at an early age. My point is simple: the locus of most abuse remains the home but in the current climate it is easy to get swept into David Icke-type conspiracy theories. The internet is awash with names of powerful men who are being outed as abusers with no evidence. We need to be clear. The abuse of those in care, children often already neglected, with behavioural problems, is something we have known about for some time. In the 1990s institutional abuse was being investigated by 41 out of 43 police forces. Yet the Waterhouse Inquiry reported a cult of silence about the level of abuse. Is silence the right word? Rather, those abused as children have been screaming into a void. The culture pressed some kind of mute button when they spoke. We value neither them nor the people paid to look after them. The low status of carers is an intrinsic part of this scandal. Residential social work is often done by low-paid and unqualied people. I know, as I did it when I was not much older than the teenagers in my care. The economy of care has

This sudden need to apportion blame is about our guilt for not having listened

actually worsened since then, as the private sector moved into care homes, pushing pay down. One of the shocking facts to come out of the Rochdale grooming scandal was the number of private childrens homes in the area. Thus, we remove children from families and entrust them to those we pay little and dont bother to train. Social work is demonised by those who bang on about paedos but see all child protection as health and safety gone mad. Indeed this focus on paedophile networks becomes unhelpful and hysterical. Historically we have swung from Satanic abuse to a backlash of false-memory syndrome, where victims were again discredited. Feminists have been accused of pushing an anti-family agenda as though we dont have families. To bring this back to the victims once more, we now have adult men who are naming high-prole abusers, a urry of rumours and an attempt by the government to appear to be doing something. The recognition of abuse has been seen as a leftie/ liberal delusion. Safeguarding and CRB checks have indeed been cack-handed and intrusive but it is important to remember they were born from a wish to protect children. These allegations are not new and we know there has been a complete breakdown of trust between the victims and the police. Why havent the police investigated the evidence they are said to have in North Wales? We now see each institution trying to cover its tracks, be it the BBC, the police or the government. All are struggling to cope with information that is very old but to which they have turned a blind eye. Transparency remains a fantasy, which is why conspiracy thrives. The nightmares of boys taken in Bentleys, girls taken to a at to meet a celebrity, the banality of evil revealed in blood-streaked sheets, are enough. We do not need to concoct vast networks of paedophiles. This happened in our midst. This sudden need to apportion blame is about our guilt for not having listened. But those who have been abused are used to not being believed. Those who abuse count on this. The focus on Savile has triggered many to now tell their truths and, if we can bear to listen, it is heartwrenchingly apparent that, unlike Savile, many of these men who abused children are the most ordinary of monsters. We dont need an inquiry to tell us this, or that care is often not care at all. We need, instead, the political will to provide the resources to look after our most vulnerable children properly and to prosecute those who rape them. Only then will we have moved on from where were 20 years ago.

This week Suzanne spent election night in the US Embassy eating free Big Macs and watching the very English Glenn Tillbrook of Squeeze perform Up the Junction. An unlikely but wonderful gig.
08.11.12 The Guardian 5

PHOTOGRAPH CARLO ALLEGRI/REUTERS

Romneys campaign was marked by outdated pronouncements on rape, abortion and family

How wom
6 The Guardian 08.11.12

n the very long list of people who, in what might come to be seen as the most impressive achievement of his campaign, Mitt Romney managed to alienate (a single, late-breaking example: He hates Chinese, said the deliveryman who brought around the takeaway to my at on Tuesday night), the biggest and most damaging group by far was women. As the results came in, while we had to wait late and long for the nal verdict endure Karl Roves 11th-hour meltdown; enjoy Diane Sawyers awesome, possibly mini-bar-assisted close of show banter and louche upper-body sway it was clear from relatively early on that while the Latino vote came out solidly for Obama, it was women, particularly single women, who made themselves most decisively heard. This shouldnt have been surprising. The Obama campaign had hammered away at Romneys record on women in pointed campaign ads from way back, targeting the customary staples Romneys opposition to Roe v Wade, abortion under any circumstance and insurance coverage for contraception so comprehensively that the danger became one of reduced impact through overexposure. The surprise on Tuesday night was that, after such a long, repetitive and exhausting campaign, Republicans managed to refresh these arguments in such enduringly wacky ways as to provoke a kind of awe. You could only laugh as the coverage revisited them; in Missouri, lets hear it one more time for Todd Akin and his legitimate rape discourse; for Richard Mourdock in Indiana (babies born of rape are a gift from God); in the Pennsylvania Senate race, for Tom Smith comparing rape to unwed motherhood, and so on and so on for a full list, see the Atlantic Monthlys helpful round-up. As many pointed out on Twitter, it was almost as if Republicans had forgotten women could vote. By contrast, Romneys modest gae about binders full of women looked

rather sweet and paternal and mercifully removed from the crowded junction in his party where gynaecology and theology meet. It was against this backdrop on Tuesday morning that people walked out to vote. In 2008, the atmosphere in New York on election day was like nothing I have experienced; for sheer community spirit, the only thing New Yorkers could compare it to was the citys 1977 blackout and the days after 9/11. Men in suits made eye contact with homeless people as if they shared a common reality; commuters on the subway, for whom smiling is usually defensive, facial air-freshener to conceal a bad smell grinned warmly, conspiratorially. When I went up to Harlem that night, in what seemed afterwards to be the most indivisible unit of human emotion there is, people walked through the streets banging pots and pans together. There was none of that this time and no one expected it. People rose early, anticipating huge queues after television coverage of early voting chaos. In an apartment block on the Upper West Side, a young couple emerged at 6am, bleary-eyed, in their tracksuit pyjamas and made their way downstairs to the polling station o the hallway. It was empty. In New York, at least, while an hour or so wait was not unusual, plenty of polling stations experienced sluggish starts as people forced themselves up and out to vote. There was no romance; it was a question not of hope but of duty, giving voting queues in the city a muted, slightly martyred air. (Plus it was 1C out there). Those waiting wanted to get the job done, a sober ethos they hoped Obama would take with him into his second term. In Harlem, where four years ago you could hardly turn a street corner without tripping over an Obama campaigner, where everyone seemed to be wearing campaign badges and T-shirts, there were few outward signs of an

life. No wonder single women voted so overwhelmingly for Obama, says Emma Brockes

men won it
08.11.12 The Guardian 7

Voting as one: the faces of some of Obamas supporters, celebrating their victory against Mitt Romneys Republicans election taking place. This was partly down to hurricane Sandy, still zapping the citys emotional and physical resources; on Frederick Douglass Boulevard, a long line of people waiting with cans to buy petrol was more feverish than the queue one block up to vote. It was partly down to customary second-term campaign fatigue. Even by the standards of content-free cable news coverage, things were looking pretty burnt-out on Tuesday morning, with an MSNBC pundit trying to eke drama from polling data by suggesting that Nate Silver would never, for example, have predicted Dunkirk, to the baement of fellow panellists. Mainly, however, the muted air came from a sense this time of No Messing About. Once the jokes about dogs on car roofs and Mormon underpants fell away, the stakes for this election became abnormally high. Obama didnt need to inspire; he just needed to be the guy not threatening to turn back womens reproductive rights to 1973. Comments coming out of the voting queues registered as much, and across party lines. Seeing [his] attitude toward woman in general, Mary Mitchell Bartley from St Louis, and previously a Republican, told journalists, voting for him would be impossible. Im not the only one who sees it, right? said Kathy McLean, 54, working her shift in a launderette in Brooklyn. She shuddered. Paul Ryan? He doesnt have a clue. She had been up at the crack of dawn to vote in Prospect Heights and was a rare example of someone so angry she was excited to vote. Excited, yes. Obama must win, she said, pointing a nger over a pile of laundry on the counter. I needed the bathroom so bad this morning but I would have peed myself rather than leave that line. What was she voting for? For healthcare and child services for people in need; for people like me, the poor and the middle class. If Romney wins, itll be all about the upper tier.

So it went throughout the day. As usual, the most moving sight of the election was those who had the most to overcome, making the most eort to vote; the old and inrm, coming up the street on walkers and the arms of carers, mixing, at the Brooklyn polling station I visited, with the predictable assortment of young men in skinny jeans and asymmetrical hair, brandishing books by Gnter Grass. Some were inclined to give Obama a break. Hes only got two hands and a brain, said Ronald, a 47-year-old who asked to be identied only as a Virgo, been single for two years. He said: He spent all that time straightening out what Bush did.

That 68% of single women voted to stop Romney is a decisive moment in feminism
Im not excited to vote, said Lydia, a 68-year-old African American retiree. Last time, it was very exciting. This year, less exciting. I vote because if the wrong person gets in, itll be a question of not what you know, but who you know. Belinda Nettles, 42, guarding her plastic bottle collection on the corner of Atlantic Avenue, voted for Obama in the last election. She didnt vote this time for two reasons: one, in a telling indicator of the way democracy functions these days I havent seen the TV for a very long time, and I cant vote without seeing the personalities. And two, because since the last election she has become homeless, kicked from shelter to shelter. Its a fair bet that Nettles is one of the 47% of people Romney would have

a tough time respecting. But she became homeless under Obama. So would she have voted Republican? She grinned. Hell, no. In the end, the assumption made by decent, liberal Republicans that this wasnt the real Romney; that once in oce he would simmer down and remember himself became too much of a gamble to take. If any further evidence of that were needed, there it was in his concession speech. Looking weary, Romney spoke as if from his fathers era, thanking his sons for their help, and their wives for holding the fort at home. He sounded, as he always has, like a nice guy from the 1950s who, when he hears a woman speaks about anything beyond dinner, sees in the corner of his eye a dog on its hind legs. In the post-game analysis there will be speculation that Romneys defeat will mark the end of the Tea Party, given the damage it did to his mainstream appeal. And there will be a temptation to write o the whole thing as idiotic. The sobering fact is that if Romney had won, with three places on the supreme court potentially up for grabs during his tenure, he could have changed the social landscape of the United States. According to exit polls, 68% of single women voted to stop him women who, I think it is safe to assume, voted partly out of a desire to retain governance of their own ovaries, rather than outsource them, say, to a Republican senator from Missouri. This is as decisive a moment in feminism as there has been. Debates about where we are in a post-post-feminist world, how squeamish women are about calling themselves feminists, whether to wax or not to wax all the tap-dancing that supposedly must be done these days to engage women in their own political interests all of that fell away. Red or blue, left or right, career woman or homemaker, they voted as one. As Obama said on the stump: Dont boo; vote. Voting is the best revenge!

8 The Guardian 08.11.12

Westminster Digested
From late-night text messages to living wages for the little people, John Crace takes a satirical stroll down the corridors of power
Tom Watson: Are you sure youve handed over all your text messages? Cameron: Absolutely! Ive got nothing to hide. Raisa the ex-police horse: I wouldnt be so sure about that, big boy. Cameron: What are you on about? Raisa: Dont try to deny our love. Remember that ride we had together? How you said you found me utterly uncontrollable at rst? I cant tell you how arousing that was. And then you tamed me after a long, sweaty, passionate ride ... Cameron: I may have to withdraw the whip. Raisa: I love it when you talk dirty. Cameron: What I mean is that youve got the wrong end of the stick. Raisa: Dont say it! I couldnt bear it if you had been using me all along just to get to Rebekah Brooks: Me. I knew it was me you always wanted, Davikins. I could see it in your eyes when you made that beautiful party conference speech. I know you were talking to a whole nation, but I felt as if you were looking deep into my soul and saying: You are the one, Bex. In that moment, you completed me. I dont mind admitting that I broke down and sobbed uncontrollably. Cameron: Stop using that word. Its embarrassing. Brooks: I dont care, Davikinsy-winsy. Im not ashamed that I wept. Twice. Ive never done that for anyone before. Not even Ross Kemp. Cameron: Steady on, Bex. Brooks: Theres something about a chinless wonder with red cheeks that I just nd irresistible. Cameron: I dont know what youre talking about. Brooks: You cant get rid of me that easily. Remember how you texted me those loving LOLs when I said I thought we could work well together. How we used to meet for those kitchen suppers? Cameron: Ive been trying to forget Rupert Murdoch: Well I havent, sonny. And if you continue to try to fuck with News International after toadying up to me for so long, then youre in for an even bigger kicking. Cameron: Oh, whoops! Ive accidentally deleted all my old text messages. What a pity! Vodafone: Weve probably still got them somewhere. Cameron: Do you want that tax break or not? Now, if youll excuse me, Ive got to go o to Saudi Arabia for a very important trade deal. Saudi Arabia: Youve got a bit of a cheek turning up here after all that crap you talked last year about Arab Springs and democracy. Cameron: Thats just the thing, Your Highness. I realise now that I may have been a little hasty in supporting voices of liberalism in the Arab world. Which is why I want to oer you the chance to buy as many heavy-duty weapons as you like so that you can suppress any dissident voices both within your own country and beyond its borders.

Theres a special offer on the Eurofighter. Three for the price of two

Saudi Arabia: So whats the deal? Cameron: Ive got a special oer on the Euroghter. Sign up by the end of the month and you get three for the price of two. Nick Robinson: Can I have a word about this? Cameron: Id love to! But unfortunately I seem to have left you behind in Britain. Milidee: You can have a word with me, Nick! Robinson: Why on earth would I want to do that? Milidee: Because Im the leader of the opposition. Robinson: So you are. Id completely forgotten. Just, please, no more of that One Nation drivel. Milidee: Dont worry! Milidum and I have concoctedliving wages a very cunning plan. Robinson: Go on. Milidee: Were going to campaign for a living wage. A fairer deal for ordinary people Robinson: And what is this living wage? Milidum: Well, I struggle to get by on over half a million a year, despite all my earnings outside parliament. So for me a living wage is about 2,000 per day. But I reckon the little people should easily be able to manage on 7.45 per hour. Everyone: So this is what One Nation means? Milidee: One nation. One nation. One nation. Milidee Milidum: Er quite. What my idiot brother is really Milidum: u trying to say is t g say that he understands that life a can be tough fo the not-so-poor as well and h for that we all need to pull together. nee Nadine Dorries: I know exactly what you Dorrie mean. How is anyone supposed to get by on an a MPs wage now? Count me in for a month in the jungle and an extra 40K. jungle u e Cameron: This is monstrous. I will have to C Cameron: Thi withdraw your whip! y Raisa: I bet you say that to all your laydeez. be Dorries: Sod o, posh boy. You try living on So 65K. Besides, its part of my job to go on TV Besi and make my ideas known to the public. Cameron: And what ideas are those? Cameron Dorries: That I expect us to lose the next Dorries: election and that I am now available to do electi absolutely anything to trade on what little absol fame I have. Louise Mensch: I would never do Lou something like that. som Dorries: Of course not Do Cameron: Calm down, dears. Ive just got Ca Barry on the phone. Apparently hes just Ba won an election. w Osborne: Is Barry your black man from Os Plymouth? Pl Cameron: Dont be silly, Ozzy. Hes my other Ca black man. I know two actually. bl Osborne: Wow! Thats incredible, Cams. Os Cameron: I know. Now how are you getting on Ca making up for that 40m we blew screwing up m the rail franchise? th Osborne: All in hand, Cams. I put a huge bet on Osb Romney to win. Rom

08.11.12 The Guardian 9

dozen teenagers push their way through the doors of the New Cross branch of Sainsburys in south-east London, and bear down on the self-service checkouts. To the shoppers lling trolleys in the fresh fruit aisle, they might for a moment look like looters. But then they start yelling. Shoppers of Sainsburys, shouts one woman in the crowd. SHOPPERS OF SAINSBURYS, repeat her friends. We are here today. WE ARE HERE TODAY. In solidarity with Sainsburys workers. IN SOLIDARITY WITH SAINSBURYS WORKERS. In this gospel fashion, the teenagers make the incongruous announcement that, despite sizeable prots, the supermarket still fails to pay its workers the London living wage of 8.30 an hour. Sainsburys pay for workers is worse than Tesco! they cry but by this point said workers are gently ushering the protesters from the shop. We are in solidarity with you, they add, but sadly the feeling is not mutual. Its worse than Asda! is their last plaintive cry. But to no avail. They are now outside in the car park. Just a few days ago, most of these sixth-formers mainly women, mainly Muslim and working-class were not particularly political, let alone radical. I didnt realise I could do these things, says 17-yearold Mamataj Begum, who found herself shaking with emotion afterwards: I wouldnt have done it this time last week. But that was before she signed up for Demand the Impossible a free, ve-day course at Goldsmiths College that introduced around 25 teenagers from east and north London to activism and radical politics. By the time I arrive towards the end of the week, the class has had workshops on the Egyptian revolution, Palestine, oil spillages in Africa, and feminism. Prominent leftwinger Mark Fisher has given a talk on the problems with capitalism, and the group has brainstormed some alternatives: social democracy, mutualism, anarchism. They have tried dierent kinds of activism leaeting, petitions, and the ashmob and been encouraged to critique the eectiveness of each tactic. Today, they are planning their own campaigns. One group wants to set up a support hotline for Asian victims of domestic violence. Another wants to combat negative stereotypes of young people by making lms of inspirational teen-

Weve created some feminists!


Too young to vote? That doesnt mean youre powerless. Patrick Kingsley, joins a one-week college course that teaches teenagers the theory and practice of political activism

agers. Still others want to campaign for gender-neutral toys. Girls shouldnt have to play with Barbie, says sixth-former Jessica Luong. They can play with Action Man too. She would start small and focus on individual outlets. What would her protest look like? Leaeting at rst, she says. Isnt that a bit boring, asks Holly Rigby, a full-time activist helping to run the course. All right, says Luong: what about a protest outside the store? Or how about, says Holly, a protest inside the store! e Demand the Impossible is sible in good company. Its one of several leftwing activist ivist workshops to have emerged merged in the past year. Theres UK es Feminista, which runs boots camps for campaigners for s gender equality. Netroots hosts oots an annual conference for online activists. Hard-left left group Counterre organanised a citizen activism day at the School of Oriental and African Studies in central London don this spring. And then there were the student occupaupations of 2010, and last years

Theyve taught us to think in a dierent way a study group at Demand the Impossible; (below) a student makes a point

Occupy camps all of which were loose attempts to both critique capitalism and engage people in direct action. But Demand the Impossible a ri on a quote by Che Guevara is doing things a bit dierently. Its contemporaries are either aimed at more experienced thinkers in the case of UK Feminista or run by groups (Counterre) with explicit, didactic agendas. Some, like Netroots, are niche, while others Occupy are notoriously vague. All of them are often criticised for their reliance on middle-class participants versed in protest technique and leftwing theory. Demand the Impossible is an attempt to do what its forebears couldnt: to engage with ordinary, working-class, predominantly Asian teenagers with little or no experience of activism or leftwing thought. We went out of our way to nd people who werent particularly radical, says Jacob Mukherjee, the 29-year-old who created the course with his best friend from university, Ed Lewis. Both teachers at north London state schools, they asked their students to spread the word about the summer school. The bar was very low, says Lewis. One said their teacher had gone on strike and that was enough. The course is structured through the prism of, in Lewiss words, transcending capitalism but I dont meet anyone who thinks they have been brainwashed. The course isnt actually about being a capitalist or a socialist, argues Luong. Its not about labels. Its about exposing yourself to dierent ideas. At one point, some of the students are sent to ask the people of New Cross to sign a petition that, amusingly, calls for the end of capitalism. It garners 11 signatures in half an hour perhaps not enough to bring about a global revolution. Then again, the petition isnt a serious attempt to radicalise either New Cross or the people on the course. It is just a useful means of sparking a discussion about the eectiveness of dierent activist tactics. They havent indoctrinated me, smiles Begum. At the end of the week, Im still a little bit capitalist. If anything, Lewis and Mukherjee are surprised by how wedded their students remain to capitalist ideas, and to the virtues of meritocracy. They are interested in critiquing capitalism, sure but most of them dont yet have fundamental problems with it. Early on in the week, the pair ask the students to come up with a fairer way of structuring society. The world, they argue, is currently shaped a bit like a pyramid with the rich few in the tip at the top, and the impoverished masses in the wide bit at the bottom. What

10 The Guardian 08.11.12

On the web For a sideways look at the news, visit our Shortcuts blog guardian.co.uk/shortcuts

shape, they ask, would create a fairer system? A couple of people suggest a at line, putting everyone on the same level. But most wanted a less radical redesign. A semi-circle would do more room at the top, but still some opportunity for people to work their way up the social ladder. They all watch Alan Sugar, says Mukherjee. So they all believe: if Ive got enough drive, I can make it. They dont really see anyone from other social spheres. So they dont really know how other people are so much more advantaged than them. Still, he shouldnt be despondent: Theyve taught us to think about things in a dierent way, says Begum. You cant really do that in lessons. Ah, the national curriculum another recurrent theme. If the course is biased, say several students, its no more so than their human science Alevels at school, which rarely encourage independent thought, and hardly ever challenge capitalism. In history, you dont learn about radical politics, says Luong. You do explore ideas, but only in the way that the curriculum teaches them. In two years of business studies, 18-year-old Rosemary Ovensehi says she was never prompted to question whether businesses should

care about anything other than prot. But on the rst day at Demand the Impossible, she learned about Shells chequered environmental record in Nigeria and for the rst time realised prot isnt the only thing a business should be forced to worry about. The week is full of such Damascene moments. As a child, Adenike Ijanusi, now 17, had always wanted to be a reman, so a few years ago she did work experience at a re station. When they arrived, all the workies were lined up and asked to introduce themselves. But when they came to Ijanusi, the remen missed her out. As the only girl there, she was shunned. At the time, she just thought sexism was a fact of life, and set her sights on other goals: I just washed it out of my mind. But the course, with its side-focus on feminism, made her realise sexism is something that can and should be fought. Weve created some feminists! says a delighted Maeve McKeown, a PhD candidate at UCL who gave an introduction to feminism on day two. There were a few who were feminists at the start, but I dont think most of them really understood how it extended into their own lives. Thats the dierence to how its been taught in

They have tried petitions, leafleting, and the flashmob. Today they are planning their own campaign

their schools. There, its just about the suragettes. I wasnt really a feminist before, says Begum. I thought it was about ghting for the right to vote. Now I realise how relevant it is, and how its about domestic violence and street harassment. Some girls were so moved, they now want to set up a support hotline for domestic violence victims from ethnic backgrounds. At the end of the week, the students give presentations on what they have learned and what related projects they plan to do. On the walls you can still see the massive mind-maps they drew at the beginning of the week hundreds of scribbled statements of what they thought politics was about: simplistic slogans such as No War!, More Taxes! and End Poverty. But just ve days later, those same teenagers are talking condently about eco-anarchism and mutualism in the same breath as the patriarchy and Mark Fisher. Its hard not to feel a little moved a feeling that makes Lewis simultaneously elated and crestfallen. I was just thinking about going back to school, he says, and feeling very depressed. demandimpossible.wordpress.com

PHOTOGRAPHS FRANK BARON FOR THE GUARDIAN

08.11.12 The Guardian 11

Food

Shell out for oysters


Britains native oysters are in decline, depriving shermen of a living and food lovers of a wonderful treat. As the season gets underway, Susan Smillie hears that the best way to save them is to eat more

arry Prynn hauls up his small oyster dredge, alone, but for the seagull hovering above his little ga-rigged sailing boat, Dolly. He backs the sail, and heaves to, drifting slowly with the tide along the edge of a 25 metre-deep channel, hunting for oysters where the bed leaps to two metres. Built in 1912, Dolly is older than Prynn, though he is getting on too he should have retired years ago, but he cant bring himself to leave. Every winter, hes out in the estuary between Truro and Falmouth in Cornwall, handdredging the wild Fal oysters in this 500-hectare bed, a special area of conservation in the Carrick Roads waterway. It has existed for 500 years in the shallow channel where seawater mixes with the fresh water running down valleys from the River Fals source at Bodmin Moor. This is probably the last oyster shery in the world using such traditional methods only vessels powered by sail or oar can operate, within restricted hours which makes for a sustainable operation. It is a public shery, open to anyone with a licence, and several families have worked it for decades. But this could be the last generation of oystermen here numbers have dropped to 10 boats with around 20 shermen earning a living. At 37, Christopher Ranger is the youngest owner/skipper; unusually, he has taken on an apprentice and is teaching him the ropes. A lot of the skill is in the sailing, he says. You want to catch more, and sail less, go across the seabed slowly. The short season and dwindling catches mean it is a far from lucrative business bad weather meant Ranger

got only 50 days shing last year, catching about 50 oysters a day. He charges around 1.25 for the smallest to 3.50 for larger specimens, selling online, to local restaurants such as the Greenbank and the likes of Mark Hix in London. Cornwalls geology gives the oysters a slightly coppery avour they are being considered for protected designation of origin status. Native oysters were once abundant in Britain, but today you are more likely to come across hardier rock or Pacic oysters, which have the commercial advantage of being available all year rather than just in the September to April native season. Natives are in trouble in parts of the country a combination of overshing, pollution and disease has contributed to their decline (in a global assessment, scientists estimated UK stocks had dropped by between 90% and 99%). There are periodic bans, such as that agreed this summer between the Blackwater Oystermens Association and the Essex Wildlife Trust, after the population there was found to be close to collapse. Should we be eating natives at all? Absolutely, say scientists, who gathered at a conference at St Catharines College, Cambridge last month. Dr Philine zu Ermgassen, researching oyster restoration with the Nature Conservancy, points to the US where public funds are helping to relay oyster beds, and reaping the benets that come with the return of these important habitats. The UK doesnt have that same investment, she says. Fishermen are the biggest champions of oyster restoration here, they hold natives close to their hearts. Ermgassen and others believe that

Oyster sherman Barry Prynn on his boat Dolly

The Truro oyster fishery is probably the last in the world using such traditional methods

creating economic demand is the best way to support shermen taking care of the remaining beds. Bernadette Clarke, sheries ocer at the Marine Conservation Society, says good management can only help to conserve oyster beds, such as the wild shery at Loch Ryan in Scotland, where shermen harvest just a small proportion of their oysters, allowing smaller ones to grow. But creating more demand may not be easy. Although oysters were the food of the poor in Victorian times, many British people are now wary of them. A glut of negative headlines high-prole poisoning cases, and news last year that 75% of British-grown oysters contained low levels of norovirus havent helped (even though it didnt change government advice on eating them). That isnt the only image problem for the oyster. Health concerns aside, they are regarded as expensive and exclusive. Theres anxiety, too, about how to eat them, and how they will taste and feel. Do you chew? (Yes.) Are they slimy? (No.) What do they

12 The Guardian 08.11.12

How to make the perfect Fried eggs


Felicity Cloake
The great French chef Fernand Point is said to have judged a chef by the way he fried eggs. So if you think you already know how to do it, read on.

The fat
Bacon fat is traditional, and advocated by Delia Smith, but though the avour is good, it makes for a messy looking egg. She also suggests substituting groundnut oil, which may be clean, but is boring tastewise. More popular are olive oil, favoured by Jamie Oliver, Spanish chef Jos Andrs and American food writer David Rosengarten, and butter, beloved of Point, his culinary disciple Bernard Loiseau, and Cooks Illustrated. Both lend distinctive avours to the egg, but the richness of butter is a better complement for the yolk.

Then the pan is covered to speed up the process, which results in an almost perfectly cooked egg a soft, but rm white, and a gorgeously runny yolk. Loiseau takes Points low-heat technique a step further, cooking his egg on a saucer set over a pan of simmering water, then basting it with hot butter as before. It is even softer, but I begin to wonder if this is an entirely desirable quality Id quite like my egg white to have some bite. Step forward Rosengarten, who deep fries in olive oil, for the crispiest, most avourful fried eggs of all. Although the yolk is perfectly cooked, the white is almost crunchy, and very greasy. Lastly, I try the sous-vide technique from Dr Nathan Myhrvolds Modernist Cuisine at Home. I cook whole eggs in a 67C water bath for 40 minutes, separate the yolks, then bake a mixture of whisked egg whites, double cream and salt in an 160C oven for 12 minutes. Once theyre set, the yolks are plopped on top, and served, a mere one and a quarter hours after I started. The whites are tender and creamy, the yolks rich and sticky. Delicious but not a fried egg. Ill stick with this simple but eective method quick and easy enough to make the morning after the night before, and it hits the spot every time.

The cooking
Bring your eggs to room temperature before cooking (very fresh eggs are best for frying, because the stronger proteins give a neater shape). Smith uses a high heat for a slightly crispy, frilly edge; the white will be set and the yolk soft and runny. After 30 seconds, she then turns the heat down to medium for a minute. The white is too tough, although the yolk is satisfyingly runny. Andrs goes for a medium-high heat and, like Smith, tilts the pan to baste the egg throughout cooking. Using a smaller, steep-sided saute pan and more oil, however, means his egg sits in a pool of hot fat, almost as if it is being shallow fried. Although the contrast of texture between this outer shell and the soft, gooey yolk is interesting, its not what I want on my breakfast plate. Oliver dismisses such crispy, bubbly eggs in favour of cooking them gently over a medium-low heat. They are soft and silky as promised, but the white takes ages to cook through. Point cooks his egg on a heat so low that the white barely turns creamy, and nishes it with melted butter. This is a nice idea, but leaves a lot of undercooked white.

Perfect fried eggs


1 fresh egg, at room temperature 1tbsp butter Salt and pepper Crack the egg on to a saucer to make it easier to slide into the pan. Heat the butter in a heavy-based frying pan over a low heat, and nd a saucepan lid, ideally slightly smaller than the pan, so you can wedge it over the cooking eggs. Once the butter has melted, but not begun to foam, swirl it around the pan to coat, then slide in the egg. Cover and leave for 3 minutes, then check the white, lift out, season gently and serve immediately.

taste like? (Wonderfully, of the sea, with a surprising variety of subtle avours, such as cucumber, cashew or pears, depending on where they grew.) Richard Corrigan, the chef behind Bentleys Oyster Bar in London, is a fan of Loch Ryans oysters. I try these, plus Whitstable and Colchester oysters, with lemon and pepper. The dierence in avour is extraordinary shamefully, given Im Scottish, I prefer the sweet, rm little molluscs from West Mersea, and the salty, grassier Whitstable oysters over the lochs more metallictasting creatures, but theyre all far superior to rock oysters. Back in Falmouth, I visit the towns annual oyster festival. The queue for the creperie is three times longer than that for the oyster stand. Most people who dont like them, says a woman behind the counter, havent actually tried them. I think of Ranger and his apprentice, heading out to return the cultch (oyster shells) to the beds they have been working to help the next lot of spat attach, and I can only hope that changes.

THE DEBATE

PHOTOGRAPHS SUSAN SMILLIE AND FELICITY CLOAKE FOR THE GUARDIAN

To share your tips, read more of Felicitys techniques and join the conversation, visit guardian.co.uk/ food

Tricks of the trade


Cooks Illustrated stresses the egg should be fried over the lowest possible heat, but, unlike Point, allows the butter to foam rather than simply melt.

08.11.12 The Guardian 13

Tomorrow in lm and music: Jake Gyllenhaal speaks about his new lm End of Watch. Plus: Peter Bradshaws verdict on Argo and Alexis Petridiss verdict on One Directions debut album
guardian.co.uk/filmandmusic

Food

Midweek supper Chestnut and gorgonzola risotto


Angela Hartnett
There is nothing more comforting than a big bowl of risotto its a one-pot wonder that can be plonked on the table to feed a whole load of people. Chestnuts are in season now and work really well in this dish, and if you fancy, they go with wild mushrooms as well. (Serves two) 2tbsp olive oil 50g butter, for cooking 1 small onion, nely chopped 225g risotto rice 200ml white wine 150g precooked chestnuts, crushed 1,200ml vegetable stock, heated through 1 tbsp parsley, chopped 150g butter, diced, to nish 150g gorgonzola, diced 100g parmesan, grated Heat the oil in a large pan on a medium heat with the butter. When the butter has melted, saute the onion for two minutes. Add the rice and toast for three minutes, stirring to allow the grains to open up. Pour in the wine, stirring while the liquid evaporates. Add the chestnuts to the rice, followed by the stock, a ladle at a time, ensuring the liquid is absorbed before adding more, stirring through for 15 minutes. Check that the rice is cooked to your liking, add the parsley and remove from the heat. Add the butter and gorgonzola and serve immediately topped with grated parmesan.

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The promotion is open to all UK residents, excluding households of employees of Guardian News and Media Limited, Entertainment Films and their agents or anyone professionally associated with this promotion. Tickets are subject to availability and will be allocated on a first come, first served basis via www.showfilmfirst.com. Each reader may claim up to two tickets. Readers who successfully book tickets must present this page with the ticket and have ID available if required. No photocopies of the page will be accepted. The tickets are not for resale. No cash alternative. No late admittance. The cinema reserves the right to refuse admission. In the event of a dispute, the cinema managers decision is final. For full terms and conditions visit: www.showfilmfirst.com

Angela Hartnett is chef patron at Murano restaurant and consults at the Whitechapel Gallery and Dining Room, London. Twitter.com/angelahartnett

14 The Guardian 08.11.12

PHOTOGRAPH SARAH LEE FOR THE GUARDIAN

Notes & Queries


ANY ANSWERS?

Is there a smallest thing in the universe?


Is it true to say that progressively shrinking size is innite? For example, is a trillionth the size of the nucleus of an atom actually possible? Mathematically, yes, although a non-innite universe may run out of space to write down all the zeros after the decimal point. Practically, no; there are physical observational limits to the smallest distance we can measure, related to the wavelength of the radiation we observe with, which is proportional to the limits of the amounts of energy we have available to impart to particles. Theres also Heisenbergs uncertainty principle in play, which means that the more precisely we know somethings location, the less certainty we have about its other properties ie the smaller we get, the less we know what the thing were actually measuring is. But there is also an absolute physical limit (well beyond those observational limits) called the Planck length, beyond which it is widely regarded (because it is derived from three fundamental constants of the universe, so were pretty sure about this one) that no measurement or observation is possible. If you cant observe beyond that point, then to all practical purposes that is the smallest thing possible in the universe. Does that mean even smaller, unobservable things are theoretically possible? Almost all fundamental theories such as special relativity, string theory and loop quantum gravity say not, and

incorporate Plancks length as their absolute base unit, a sort of dpi (dots per inch) of the universe. However, the joker in the pack extra dimensional theoretical physics allows for dierent values of those fundamental constants, any value for Plancks length, and therefore no practical limit to the observable universe(s). James Zigrino, Edinburgh

The signicance of thee and thou


Most European languages dierentiate between familiar thou/tu and formal you/vous. When did English stop doing this and why?

Regarding the plight of polar bears with their ever-diminishing food supply, has anyone thought about relocating penguins from south to north? It seems ecologically a sound move. Dr Stuart Jones, Skegness, Lincs Why do Italian national sports teams mostly wear blue, rather than one of the colours represented on the ag? James Forrester, Amstelveen, Netherlands Send questions and answers to nq@guardian.co.uk or online at guardian.co.uk/ theguardian/series/ notes-and-queries. Please include name, address and phone number.

English has not wholly lost its familiar form: a couple of years ago I worked with some contractors in Rochdale who all called each other thee. It was still common enough in the early and mid-20th century for DH Lawrence to expect his readership to understand the signicance of Walter Morel in Sons and Lovers addressing the young, middle-class woman he is about to start courting as thee, and JRR Tolkien expected his to unpick the signicance of the conversation between Eowyn and Aragorn, as he takes his leave of her to lead his troop to Minas Tirith, in which she addresses him as thou while he rmly sticks to you. The spectacle that Eowyn I like thee Walter courts is making of herself in Gertrude in Sons and Lovers

this scene, and the slap that Aragorn is giving her, caused my very toes to crawl away with embarrassment. Rachelthedigger English has not quite stopped using thou/you. Many older Cumbrians use thou in informal conversation. tawnyowl3 My (Yorkshire) parents used to assure me that in their schooldays it was insulting to use thou to one who was not either a sexual intimate or a much younger child. An appropriate ghting response, my mother claimed, might be: Doant thee thou me: thee thou thasen, an see how tha laikes it! Andrew Coulson, Musselburgh, E Lothian In my home city of Bristol, thee is regularly used, often in the form of dee, so are you going to ? becomes deest goin to ? This is best seen in the threat of a punch: diesel get a knuckle sanwich ... Andy Bebington, Croydon, Surrey

The joy of a half-empty glass


What causes someone to possess a glass half empty (negative) mentality, as opposed to a glass half full (positive) attitude? Any negativist who cares if a glass is half empty or half full is a rank amateur. We truly negative people know that it doesnt matter, because someone is bound to knock it over and spill the lot shortly anyway. Michael Fisher, Queensland, Australia

PHOTOGRAPH SONS AND LOVERS ITV1

08.11.12 The Guardian 15

Arts

Easy riders
E
ileen Atkins is trying to eat a fruit salad while explaining why women in the theatre nd it dicult to eat properly when they are working. Michael Gambon is easier to please: a ham sandwich and a quick fag will see him through. The pair are rehearsing what must be one of the swiftest transfers in stage history. All That Fall, a radio play by Samuel Beckett rst broadcast in 1957, and which had never before been staged in the UK, closed last Saturday at the tiny, 70-seat Jermyn Street theatre in central London; tonight, it reopens for a three-week run in the West End. Its nice to give it a bit more life, says Atkins, who gives a bravura performance as Maddy Rooney, an elderly Irish woman who turns a walk to the station to meet her blind husband, Dan (Gambon), into an impassioned examination of her life. Atkins turned down a lm role to appear in All That Fall. Im feeling rather awful about that, she says, because I now know the actress who got the part. Was it good money? asks Gambon. More than were getting, she says. Atkins is 78, Gambon 72, and o stage they have the same easy intimacy of the old couple they play. Atkins does not for a moment think she made the wrong choice: putting on this rare piece, with a cast of nine under director Trevor Nunn, was one of those once-in-a-lifetime opportunities. I wanted to do it the minute I read

Becketts estate insists All That Fall, his play about a woman going to meet her husband, be staged as a radio drama. So how are Michael Gambon and Eileen Atkins getting on? Stephen Moss nds out

it, she says. The lm company was saying, You can be a day or two late, cant you? I said, Weve only got two and a half weeks rehearsal and I cant give up a day. The play is a characteristically Beckettian mix of bawdiness, comedy and tragedy. What begins as a comic expedition turns into a whodunnit: as a treat for her husband on his birthday, Mrs Rooney is meeting her husband after he has spent Saturday morning at his oce. She encounters a variety of local characters on the way, each travelling by increasingly sophisticated modes of transport horse and cart, bicycle, then Mr Slocums limousine. imousine . The productions success is somewhat surprising not least east because of stringent rules imposed by the Beckett estate, te, which demand that it has to be staged as if it were a performance mance for radio. The actors carry scripts; props and gestures are kept to a minimum; and there are microphones hanging from the ceiling to simulate a 1950s studio. Nunn calls nn it a visualised radio play, and the conceit is that the audience are nce eavesdroppers at a studio recording. cording. Having to carry the script locks pt your acting down, Gambon admits. n You want to hug people and do d things with your arms, so that is a bit at restricting. I dont know my lines, so I have to keep icking down at wn the script, which holds you up. It s Its

I dont know my lines Michael Gambon with Eileen Atkins on set; below, the pair in rehearsals

an impediment in the way of your emotions. It does strange things, but you get used to it. Its stylised, Atkins says, and its interesting. You have to make it work for you. As I watch the run-through, its clear that, by now, the rest of the cast know their lines but Nunn still wants them to behave exactly as they would for a radio recording, reading o scripts. Th only truly physical piece of The theatre com when Mr Slocum, an old comes admirer of Mrs Rooney, levers her into his car in a sequence lled with double entendres: Im coming, Mrs Rooney, entendre Im com coming. Give me time, Im as sti as yourself. Its undeniably funny, but the u mood darkens when Mr Rooneys much-delayed train eventually much turns up. A body was found on the line. Was he responsible? And li what does his great howl at the end of the play signify? Although o his howl is undeniably visceral, h Gambon, the great scene-stealer, Gam has had to rein himself in. I feel h myself wanting to do more physimyse cal acting the whole time, he says. When h triumphed in Krapps Last he Tape in 2010 in the West End, there 20

16 The Guardian 08.11.12

way through, says Gambon. But some dont move at all. Its agony when they dont move, says Atkins. Like being in a church, Gambon adds. Could he not galvanise them with a penis gag? Oh, dont tell him that, says Atkins.

PHOTOGRAPHS SARAH LEE AND TRISTRAM KENTON FOR THE GUARDIAN

were no such inhibitions. I invented a few bits. A banana falls on the stage. Krapp bends over to pick it up, and on the way up it travelled past here he motions vaguely at his crotch so I brought it in a bit and brought the house down. The director said, Leave it in and see what happens. The trustees from the Beckett estate, who were present to make sure the masters wishes were being adhered to, let it pass. Gambon, who has done two other Beckett plays in the past eight years

(Eh Joe, Endgame), says it doesnt do to be too austere. I heard of a professor from Oxford who was trying to get an interview with Beckett in Paris for three years, and nally Beckett agreed to meet him in some cafe. He said to the Oxford man, Whats the new TR7 like? And the man said, I dont know, I havent read it yet. Beckett said, Its a car, you fucking eejit. People come a bit reverential, says Atkins. I want to put a notice outside saying, You can laugh. Some have been laughing all the

People can be a bit too reverential with Beckett. I want to put up a notice saying: You can laugh

ll That Fall is a complex text, and has been read in many ways. It was intensely personal to Beckett, who drew on his upbringing in Dublin for many of the characters, and compresses many of his great themes death, sex, loss of faith. It has been endlessly rationalised, and its inner rhythms and structures mined, but Atkins feels its unwise for actors to overdo the analysis. I have a massive feeling for Beckett and for this play, she says. If academics want to discuss it, thats ne; but its not very productive for an actor. You just have to have a feel for the text, the words, the poetry. To act the roles, do they feel they need to know all the answers to the riddle at the heart of the play? I think its for the audience to decide, says Atkins. People should go away into restaurants afterwards and discuss what it was about. I have a story in my head, and my story of telling this is as valid as anybody elses. Will the play have a further incarnation after its short run here? Id like to go to New York with it for a couple of weeks, says Atkins. It would go well in New York, echoes Gambon. A month on Broadway in a small theatre. It would be fun. But rst Atkins has to nish her fruit salad, while Gambon has to have another cigarette and then move his car. Undemonstratively.
All That Fall is at the Arts theatre, London WC2, until 24 November. Details: 020-7836 8463, artstheatrewestend.co.uk

08.11.12 The Guardian 17

Arts

t came as a shock to hear, over dinner with Gil Evans in 1978, that in the preceding year he had made only one public appearance. A man who had already done as much as just about anyone to shape the music of the 20th century had performed, unpaid, at a benet for his childrens school in New York. And that was it. The great mans rueful revelation came a day or two after his long-awaited London debut, in which he and his 12-piece American band had been received with rapture by an audience keen to show its aection and reverence for the man whose collaboration with Miles Davis on a trio of classic albums Miles Ahead, Porgy and Bess, and Sketches of Spain had redened the art of jazz orchestration. Had he received anything like the appropriate material reward for his eect on music, Evans would have been able to live like Elton John. Instead, he spent his life even his later years, when he was rather more in demand for concert tours and lm scores in perpetual economic crisis. Since he functioned primarily as a re-arranger of other peoples compositions, he received little in the way of royalties from the recordings to which he made such a profound contribution. Although hundreds of thousands of copies of Sketches of Spain might have been sold in the half-century since its appearance, Evans went home from the sessions with, at most, a couple of thousand dollars in arranging fees. No wonder he followed Daviss example and, in the latter part of his life, courted a younger, bigger audience. By the time he arrived in London 34 years ago, his repertoire had moved on. Fans hoping for the coolly luminous sounds unfurled on earlier albums were to be disappointed. Instead of the delicate reimagining of pieces by Kurt Weill and Lo Delibes, we were presented with bold, driving versions of Jimi Hendrix songs, taken from Evanss LP devoted to the guitarists themes, recorded four years earlier.

The best after Duke Evans with Miles Davis; the pair recorded three classic albums the equal of his celebrated work in the 1950s and 60s? The trumpeter Henry Lowther a lifelong admirer who played in Evanss bands during a couple of seasons at Ronnie Scotts, and on a 1980s UK tour thinks not. Gil was an absolutely lovely man, says Lowther, who also played on Evanss soundtrack to Julien Temples Absolute Beginners. He was modest and unassuming, but he was terribly disorganised and a chaotic bandleader. It was notoriously dicult to get music out of him. Sometimes, hed turn up at the studio with a few scraps of paper, and sometimes he wouldnt have anything at all. Most of the pieces he gave us were one-chord jams with no organisation. It was a bit of a free-for-all, and musicians tend to take advantage of that to release their egos and thrust themselves forward. That was a bit disappointing, although theres no doubt in my mind that Gil was the most important writer in jazz history after Duke Ellington. As if to make up for the disappointment, in recent years Lowther has performed in recitals of music from all three early, classic Davis/Evans albums, taking the soloists role. Such shows are increasingly common and greatly enjoyed, since the original creators performed little of this cherished music live. But the last years of a great life in music were not just a matter of onechord free-for-alls. They contained their share of immortal recordings Zee Zee from 1971, There Comes a Time from 1974, the 1978 Festival Hall version of Variation on the Misery often based on no more than a scrap of material coaxed into shimmering, multifaceted life. Perhaps a little of that magic will return on Sunday.
Celebrating Gil Evans is at the Queen Elizabeth Hall, London SE1 (0844 847 9910), on Sunday. The London jazz festival (londonjazzfestival.org.uk) starts tomorrow.

Purple hazer
His cool, luminous sound redened jazz. Then he threw it all in for Jimi Hendrix. Richard Williams on the many lives of Gil Evans

He was a chaotic bandleader it was notoriously difficult to get music out of him

His version of Hendrixs Little Wing gets another airing this Sunday at the Queen Elizabeth Hall, London, where the Trinity College of Music Big Band, directed by saxophonist Mark Lockheart, celebrate the centenary of Evanss birth as part of the London jazz festival. The rst half of the concert will be devoted to interpretations of the ve pieces on Out of the Cool, Evanss great 1960 studio album, with the second featuring material from his later career. Lockheart, who came to the attention of the jazz world as a founder member of Loose Tubes in the 1980s, heard Evans for the rst time at the age of 14. I was blown away, he says, and he became a huge inuence on me. One of the wonderful things about his music is that its full of eccentric touches. It never sounds like generic jazz. And everything is very stripped-down: he teaches you not to overwrite. Was the music Evans made in the nal years before his death, in 1988,

m
18 The Guardian 08.11.12

Arts

Battle of the titans Do Henri Cartier-Bressons photographs hold their own against great colour shots? guardian.co.uk/art

My best shot Samuel Aranda Fatima went looking for her son amid the violence in Yemen. This is the moment she found him alive
The New York Times sent me to Yemen last year to photograph protests against the regime of President Ali Abdullah Saleh. No one was really covering the story most foreign correspondents and spondents photographers were in Tunisia, e Egypt or Libya, reporting on the orting revolutions there. This was taken on my n second day, after hours urs of intensive shooting g and bombing. Twelve ve people were killed and 30 nd wounded that day. Early in the morning, I went to what was dubbed Change Square, where protesters were ere congregating, and marched with them until snipers attacked us. We retreated to the square only to nd tanks ring artillery shells. I ran into a nearby mosque that was being used as a makeshift hospital. That was when I found Fatima holding her wounded son Zayed. son, It was chaotic. Everyone c was crying. But Fatima was cryin completely calm as she complete waited fo a doctor to see her for 18-year-old boy. His leg was 18-yea wounded and I assumed wound he had been shot, but hed actually fallen, intoxicated by tear ga After the picture gas. was taken, he spent wa three days in a coma. t When Fatima heard that protesters had been killed, she went straight to this mosque to see if Zayed was there. This is the moment she found her son alive. Their pose and the way the light fell made it easy to see the shot. In a matter of seconds, Id taken ve frames. I knew it was a strong image, but I was overwhelmed by the reaction it got. I didnt know anything about them at all none of these details until much later, when the shot won this years World Press Photo award and I was able to go back to Yemen to hear their story properly.
Interview by Sarah Phillips. The World Press Photo exhibition is at the Royal Festival Hall, London SE1, tomorrow until 27 November. Details: worldpressphoto.org

THE CV

Born: Barcelona, 1979. Studied: Trained at El Pas and El Peridico de Catalunya. Inuences: James Nachtwey, Stanley Greene. High point: In 2004, my story about Moroccan immigrants forced Spain to change its policy. Top tip: Open a bakery!

08.11.12 The Guardian 19

Theatres London
Adelphi Theatre 0844 579 0094 NOW PREVIEWING CAMBRIDGE 08444124652 Roald Dahls

THE BODYGUARD
Mon-Sat 7.30pm, Wed & Sat 3pm www.thebodyguardmusical.com Aldwych Theatre 0844 847 1712

MATILDA THE MUSICAL


Tue7Wed-Sat7.30Wed&Sat2.30Sun3 www.matildathemusical.com

LYCEUM 0844 871 3000 book online www.thelionking.co.uk Disney Presents

PHOENIX THEATRE 08448717629

THE LION KING


Tue-Sat 7.30, Wed, Sat & Sun 2.30 For Group/Education rates call 08448717644 / Disney 02078450949

BLOOD BROTHERS FINAL WEEK-ENDS SAT


Piccadilly Theatre 0844 871 3055

Savoy Theatre 0844 871 7687 Will Young as Emcee Michelle Ryan as Sally Bowles

CABARET
Shaftesbury Theatre 0207 379 5399

TOP HAT
"A musical like this comes around once in a lifetime." Sunday Tel Tue-Sat 7.30, Tue,Thu & Sat 2.30 www.tophatonstage.com

Criterion Theatre 0844 847 2483 Londons Funniest Comedy

LYRIC THEATRE 0844 412 4661

VIVA FOREVER!
Based on the songs of the Spice Girls Book by Jennifer Saunders From 27 November | 20-67.50 www.VivaForeverTheMusical.com

ROCK OF AGES
THE SMASH HIT MUSICAL

The 39 Steps
Mon-Sat 8pm, Wed 3pm, Sat 4pm

THRILLER LIVE!
Tue-Fri7.30, Sat 4&8, Sun 3.30&7.30 www,thrillerlive.com

St James Theatre 0844 264 2140

DADDY LONG LEGS


Ambassadors 08448 112 334

STOMP
Mon, Thu-Sat 8pm Thu, Sat & Sun 3pm, Sun 6pm

DOMINION 0844 847 1775

WE WILL ROCK YOU


by QUEEN & BEN ELTON Mon-Sat 7.30, Mat Sat 2.30 Extra show last Wednesday of every month at 2.30 www.wewillrockyou.co.uk

GIELGUD 0844 482 5130

CHARIOTS OF FIRE
***** 'A magnificent triumph' Mail on Sunday Mon-Sat 19:45, Wed & Sat 15:00 chariotsoffireonstage.com

New London Theatre 020 7452 3000 / 0844 412 4654

WAR HORSE
Warhorseonstage.com NOVELLO 0844 482 5115 'ABBA-Solutely Fabulous' D.Mail

PINTER 0844 871 7622 ALAN AYCKBOURNS A CHORUS OF DISAPPROVAL achorusofdisapproval.com

A new musical Directed by John Caird www.stjamestheatre.co.uk

APOLLO THEATRE 0844 412 4658 TWELFTH NIGHT RICHARD III In repertoire Tickets released every day Shakespearewestend.com

St Martin's 08444 991515 60th year of Agatha Christie's

THE MOUSETRAP
Prince Edward 0844 482 5152 Evenings 7.30 Mats. Tues 3 Sat 4 www.the-mousetrap.co.uk

DRURY LANE 0844 871 8810

MAMMA MIA!
HER MAJESTY'S 0844 412 2707 THE BRILLIANT ORIGINAL

SHREK THE MUSICAL


Duchess Theatre 0844 412 4659

Mon-Sat 7.45, Thurs & Sat 3pm, www.Mamma-Mia.com

APOLLO VICTORIA 0844 847 1696

WICKED
WickedTheMusical.co.uk Mon-Sat 7.30pm Wed & Sat 2.30pm ARTS THEATRE 020 7836 8463 A Radio Play by Samuel Beckett Directed by Trevor Nunn

THE PHANTOM OF THE OPERA


Mon-Sat 7.30, Thu & Sat 2.30 www.ThePhantomOfTheOpera.com

JERSEY BOYS
Winner Best Musical! Oliviers Tue-Sat 7.30,Tue&Sat 3pm, Sun 5pm Vaudeville Theatre 0844 412 4663

OUR BOYS
Garrick 0844 412 4662 book online loservillethemusical.com

OLD VIC 0844 871 7628 SHERIDAN SMITH

UNCLE VANYA
Mon - Sat 7.30, Thu & Sat 2.30 QUEEN'S 0844 482 5160

HEDDA GABLER
Mon-Sat 7.30pm, Wed & Sat 2.30pm Final week

ALL THAT FALL


Cast includes Eileen Aitkins And Michael Gambon

LOSERVILLE the Musical


Mon-Sat 7.30pm, Wed & Sat 3pm Tickets from 10.00 - 49.50

London Palladium 0844 412 4655 TOMMY STEELE in THE SPECTACULAR MUSICAL

LES MISERABLES
PALACE THEATRE 0844 412 4656

Wyndhams Theatre 0844 4825120

SCROOGE

SINGIN' IN THE RAIN


singinintherain.co.uk

WINNER! 2012 Olivier Audience Award Eves 7.30, Mats Wed & Sat 2.30 www.LesMis.com

DREAMBOATS
& PETTICOATS

Entertainment

Television

think the prime minister is abroad at the moment isnt he? In the Gulf, selling arms to countries with dodgy humanrights records; not in America talking to a dodgy petrochemical company as the PM is in this political conspiracy thriller, Secret State (Channel 4). Same idea, though dubious big business ahead of domestic hardship. Its dicult not to replace characters with their counterparts from the real world. Of course, no one would wish it on our PM, but if his plane were to come down in suspicious circumstances (Boris, was that you, with your big grouse-buster blunderbuss?) on the way back, there could be a similar scenario. The home secretary and the foreign secretary ght for power. So thats Felix Durrel (Rupert Graves) and Ros Yelland (Sylvestra Le Touzel), respectively, in Secret State; Theresa May and William Hague in real life. Their genders are reversed then, and you cant see Hague going there again. Actually Yelland reminds me more of Louise Mensch, and posh boy Durrel they call him Fauntleroy of George Osborne. Then theres the main man, thoughtful deputy PM Tom Dawkins (Gabriel Byrne), whos too dignied, too likeble, to be Nick Clegg; more of a Ken Clarke. And scheming string-pulling chief whip John Hodder (Charles Dance) is probably not the type to abuse the cops at the gates of Downing Street; hes craftier than that. Im not sure the coalition has one of them at the moment; hes more of a Bernard Ingham. They may be caricatures, but theyre just about credible. And they should be; Chris Mullin, who wrote A Very British Coup, on which this is very loosely based, spent 23 years in the Commons. Mullin is Labour, and so was his ctional cabinet (as they were in the rst TV dramatisation of the novel, in the 80s). This time its not clear what

Too honourable Gabriel Byrne in Secret State not for his performance (he doesnt say anything) but because hes played by Mullin, now retired from politics. Mullin probably wouldnt recognise it as having much to do with his book, or the rst TV adaptation, which more than nodded to rumours of real-life murky attempts by the security services and other dark forces to undermine governments. That was the 1980s though, when there were fewer distractions and people had more time to get involved in brooding, intricate thrillers. This one may have just about credible characters, but otherwise the real world has been abandoned. Its been sexed-up and Spookied for the attention-decit 21st century, with big explosions and downed planes, spy-cams pointing every which way, and glamorous young sta at GCHQ. Heaps of fun, but not a whole lot more. It was a night of 80s remakes. Thirty years on from the rst Comic Strip Presents episode the Famous Five parody in which Adrian Edmondson, Dawn French, Jennifer Saunders, Peter Richardson and Timmy the dog went mad in Dorset heres The Comic Strip Presents ... Five Go to Rehab (Gold). Dick (Edmondson) is nostalgic for those happy days cycling in the West country, camping, lashings of you-know-which zzy drink etc, so he gets the old gang back together to pedal down memory lane. The others hearts arent really in it though; theyve moved on, theyre alcoholics, theyve got other secrets, they dont want to be there. Which rather reects the whole experience Im afraid. Comedy has moved on; what was once anarchic now isnt. This kind of pastiche feels tired (was it ever that funny?), certainly laboured over an hour. Someone left the top o the ginger beer, for 30 years. No zz left; its warm and at.

Last night's TV Secret State is just like real British politics but sexed up and Spookied

By Sam Wollaston
side of the house they are on and it doesnt matter. Im just assuming theyre Tories because of how they are. There are lots of good performances. I dont quite believe Byrne as a top British politician taking on the nasty American company that blew a hole in Teesside; hes too thoughtful, too honourable, too bullshit-free (theres something of Borgen about him, like the time he abandons a prepared speech and speaks from the heart). Hes certainly very watchable, though, a proper screen presence. The others Graves and Le Touzel, Dance as the pantomime-villain master-puppeteer, Gina McKee as the journalist are also good. I was enjoying Tobias Menzies as the PM too, before his plane came down (Charles Flyte hes called, ho ho). And the vicar deserves a mention too

AND ANOTHER THING

PHOTOGRAPH LAURIE SPARHAM

How will Nadine Dorries square her Christian faith and pro-life views with the needless slaughter purely for TV entertainment of innocent animals in the jungle? After all, Jesus loves witchetty grubs too.

08.11.12 The Guardian 21

TV and radio

Film of the day The Inbetweeners Movie (9pm, Channel 4) The sixth-form gang from the TV sitcom head to Malia for a ladsabroad excursion. All sorts of crass and crude antics, but some sympathy too, for their hormonally-challenged predicament.

BBC1
6.0pm BBC News (S) (Followed by Weather.) 6.30 Regional News Programmes (S) (Followed by Weather.)

BBC2
6.0pm Eggheads (R) (S) Quiz, hosted by Dermot Murnaghan. 6.30 Strictly Come Dancing It Takes Two (S) 7.0 The Dark: Natures Nighttime World (R) (S) (AD) Observing nocturnal creatures in a ooded Amazon forest, including a curious sloth, giant anteaters, vampire bats and a species new to science. 8.0 MasterChef: The Professionals (S) Six chefs battle it out in the quarter-nal, demonstrating a dish of their own invention.

ITV1
6.0pm Local News (S) (Followed by Weather.) 6.30 ITV News And Weather (S)

Channel 4
6.0pm The Simpsons (R) (S) (AD) Homers mother dies. With the voice of Glenn Close. 6.30 Hollyoaks (S) (AD) 7.0 Channel 4 News (S) (Including sport and weather.) 7.55 4thought.tv (S) War veteran John Ley, 92, argues that there is no glory in the killing and dying he has witnessed.

Hebburn, BBC2

Watch this
Great Continental Railway Journeys 9pm, BBC2
Michael Portillo retraces journeys featured in George Bradshaws Continental Railway Guide from 1913. The choice of year is, of course, not accidental, as the politician-turnedjourno hunts for evidence of a world about to be swept away by the rst world war. Portillo begins with a journey through France in search of La Belle poque, a trip that takes in Montmartre, absinthe, and the Monte Carlo casino. Jonathan Wright National party, which had previously made inroads in the area. Contrasting with the idiocy of far-right politics, cameras also follow something important: the closure of an old peoples home. Sta worry that moving elderly residents will lead to premature deaths but cant do much except oer care and compassion: Its lovely where youre going Dya need a cuddle? JW

7.0 The One Show (S) Matt Baker and Alex Jones present the live magazine format. 7.30 EastEnders (S) (AD) Kat receives another text from her lover. (Followed by BBC News; Regional News.) 8.0 Young Apprentice (S) The hopefuls attempt to publish cookbooks, but an inability to spell proves a major drawback for some of them.

7.0 Emmerdale (S) (AD) 7.30 The Best Start In Life?: Tonight (S) Fiona Foster investigates parents expectations on their children to excel academically.

8.0 Emmerdale (S) (AD) Declan is puzzled as Megan asks Katie about setting Robbie up with the CCTV. 8.30 Emmerdale At 40 (S) Featuring cast members past and present.

8.0 Kirsties Vintage Home (S) New series. Kirstie Allsopp helps families transform their cluttered homes, attempting to introduce them to new crafts, skills and techniques for interior decoration. 9.0 The Inbetweeners Movie (Ben Palmer, 2011) (S) (AD) Awkward teenagers holiday in Greece. Entertaining featurelength spin-o from the British TV comedy. With Joe Thomas and Simon Bird.

9.0 Hunted (S) (AD) Sam suspects that Turner intends to assassinate a Pakistani presidential candidate.

Hebburn 10pm, BBC2


Jacks o for an interview at the Barnsley Gazette and his sister Vicki, who gets all the best lines, has a new car so she can give him a lift. I feel like when Cheryl drove that tank in Afghanistan, she muses. Her enthusiasm soon subsides when she and Granny Dot get lost and risk missing their appointment at the Wax Hatch. Back at home, Joe (with Vic Reeves in his surprisingly normal dad role) lends Sarah his special fork to clean the hairs out of the plughole. Later, Jack and Sarah break some big news. Hannah Verdier
10.0 BBC News (S) 10.25 Regional News And Weather (S) 10.35 Question Time (S) Bexhill-on-Sea is the setting. Guests include Labour MP Chuka Umunna and Liberal Democrat peer Shirley Williams. 11.35 This Week (S) Andrew Neil, Michael Portillo and guests discuss political and parliamentary developments from the past seven days.

9.0 Great Continental Railway Journeys (S) (AD) New series. Michael Portillo retraces journeys from Bradshaws Continental Railway Guide of 1913. Here, he travels from London to Monte Carlo. 10.0 Hebburn (S) (AD) Sarah attempts to give Jack advice on his interview technique. 10.30 Newsnight (S) Analysis of the days events, presented by Kirsty Wark. (Followed by Weather.)

9.0 DCI Banks (S) (AD) Part two of two. Banks remains focused on Owen, while Morton uncovers new leads pointing to Ellies ex, Tyler. Last in series.

Hatelds & McCoys 9pm, Channel 5


The ghtin and a-feudin moves up a notch or two as the town is visited by bounty hunters looking to spill Hateld blood. But strangers are no match for the local family who know the region too well, so the only blood these gunmen end up spilling is their own. It becomes clear to the McCoys that theyre going to have to nd help closer to home in the shape of the well-named Bad Frank. Theres also a Hateld/McCoy wedding that fails to bring the families closer. Phelim ONeill

10.0 ITV News At Ten And Weather (S) 10.30 Local News/ Weather (S) 10.35 Corfu: A Tale Of Two Islands (S) A hotel manager feels the impact of the economic downturn.

11.20 Dara O Briains Science Club (R) (S) (AD) The comedian is joined by a team of experts to investigate a subject each week.

11.05 The Jonathan Ross Show (R) (S) With Olly Murs and Melissa George. Music from Tinie Tempah and Calvin Harris.

11.05 The Inbetweeners Top 10 Moments (R) (S) A countdown of the comedys greatest moments, featuring interviews with actors Joe Thomas, Simon Bird, James Buckley and Blake Harrison..
Lucumi Choir. 12.30 Through The Night. Including music by Beethoven, Janacek, Strauss, Khachaturian, Tchaikovsky, Brahms, Enescu, Mendelssohn, Telemann, Mozart, Maldere, Stenhammar, Donizetti, Quantz, Lully and Dowland.

Radio
Radio 3
90.2-92.4 MHz
6.30 Breakfast. Sara Mohr-Pietsch introduces favourite pieces, notable performances and a few surprises. 9.0 Essential Classics. With Sarah Walker. Including the Essential CD of the Week: Virtuoso and Romantic Encores for Violin, performances by Frans Bruggen and this weeks guest, physicist Athene Donald. 12.0 Composer Of The Week: Mendelssohn. Donald Macleod follows Mendelssohn as he bids farewell to Berlin and turns

The Year the Town Hall Shrank 9pm, BBC4


The series focused on spending cuts in Stoke-onTrent continues with the run-up to the May 2011 local elections. Its a campaign we see, in great part, from the perspective of the British

Great Continental Railway Journeys, BBC2

down a trip to New York, where he had been invited to conduct a musical festival. 1.0 Radio 3 Lunchtime Concert. The third of this weeks concerts given by the Nash Ensemble at LSO St Lukes features Mozarts Piano Trio in G and Brahms Piano Quintet in F minor. (R) 2.0 Afternoon On 3. Bizets The Pearl Fishers, with Charles Castronovo, Jean-Francois Lapointe and Annick Massis. Michel Plasson conducts the Netherlands Radio Chorus and Philharmonic Orchestra. 4.30 In Tune. Sean Raerty presents live music by the Apollo Saxophone Quartet and harpsichordist KahMing Ng. Plus guests from Puppetry in Opera. 6.30 Composer Of The Week: Mendelssohn. (R) 7.30 Radio 3 Live In Concert.

From City Halls, Glasgow, Donald Runnicles and the BBC Scottish Symphony Orchestra perform excerpts from Berliozs Romeo et Juliette and Wagners Tristan und Isolde Act 2. 10.0 Free Thinking. An audience with Lee Hall, writer of Billy Elliot and The Pitmen Painters, recorded at the Sage Gateshead as part of the Radio 3 Free Thinking Festival. Chaired by Philip Dodd. 10.45 The Free Thinking Essay: New Generation Thinkers. Historian Emma Grin, one of Radio 3s New Generation Thinkers, gives a talk on what makes a good mother today, recorded at the Free Thinking Festival. 11.0 Late Junction. Max Reinhardts selection includes Rhodri Davies, Kid Koala and the London

Radio 4

92.4-94.6 MHz; 198kHz


6.0 Today. News headlines and sport with John Humphrys. 8.31 (LW) Yesterday In Parliament. Political proceedings, with Sean Curran. 8.58 (LW) Weather 9.0 In Our Time. The story of the Upanishads, the ancient sacred texts of Hinduism. 9.45 (LW) Daily Service. Led by the Rev Dr Mark Wakelin. 9.45

22 The Guardian 08.11.12

Full TV listings For comprehensive programme details see the Guardian Guide every Saturday or go to tvlistings.guardian.co.uk/

Channel 5
6.0pm Home And Away (R) (S) (AD) Sid, Indi and Sasha prepare for Dexs return home. 6.30 5 News At 6.30 (S) 7.0 Rolfs Animal Clinic (R) (S) Neil Townsend operates on a horse that has infected sinuses. (Followed by 5 News Update.)

BBC3

BBC4

More4
6.20pm Come Dine With Me (R) (S) Four contestants compete to win 1,000 cash.

Atlantic
6.0pm House (R) The team attempts to diagnose and treat an ailing mobster in time for his testimony in a court case. 7.0 House (R) The team tries to determine why an obese 10-year-old girl had a heart attack.

Other channels
E4 6.0pm The Big Bang Theory. Raj faces being sent back to India. 6.30 The Big Bang Theory. Sheldon faces his arch-enemy actor Wil Wheaton. 7.0 Hollyoaks. A rift develops between Tony and Cindy. 7.30 How I Met Your Mother. Ted meets a former girlfriend. 8.0 How I Met Your Mother. Marshall worries about his past indiscretions. 8.30 The Big Bang Theory. The friends ght over a ring they believe was used in The Lord of the Rings. 9.0 2 Broke Girls. Caroline struggles to assemble a folding bed. 9.30 New Girl. The atmates celebrate Thanksgiving. 10.0 Big Fat Quiz Of The 00s. Jimmy Carr tests six celebrities on their knowledge of the 2000s. Last in the series. 11.40 The Big Bang Theory. Raj faces being sent back to India. Film4 6.35pm Beaches. Drama, starring Bette Midler and Barbara Hershey. 9.0 The Twilight Saga: New Moon. Romantic fantasy, starring Kristen Stewart and Robert Pattinson. 11.35 Another 48 Hrs. Comedy thriller sequel, starring Eddie Murphy and Nick Nolte. FX 6.0pm Leverage. Fords team investigates the wounding of a soldier. 7.0 NCIS. The team makes a surprising discovery. 8.0 NCIS. A Navy diver hunting for sunken treasure is apparently murdered. 9.0 Family Guy. Brian becomes a best-selling writer. 9.30 American Dad! Stan fakes his familys deaths to avoid embarrassment. 10.0 The Cleveland Show. Pilot episode of the Family Guy spin-o, with the voice of Mike Henry. 10.30 Family Guy. Peter and Lois visit a psychic. 11.0 Family Guy. Meg receives a makeover. 11.30 Family Guy. Peter learns Loretta is having an aair. 12.0 American Dad! Stan becomes obsessed with a band. ITV2 6.0pm The Jeremy Kyle Show USA. The host takes his successful talk-show stateside. 7.0 Youve Been Framed! Harry Hill narrates camcorder calamities. 7.30 Youve Been Framed! Harry Hill narrates camcorder calamities. 8.0 The X Factor USA. The build-up to tomorrows live shows continues. 10.0 Celebrity Juice. With guests Dougie Poynter, Tom Fletcher, Mel C and Ashley Banjo. 10.50 Totally Bonkers Guinness World Records. Incredible and peculiar record-breaking attempts. 11.20 Nutty Professor II: The Klumps. Comedy sequel, starring Eddie Murphy. Sky1 6.0pm Raising Hope. Jimmys parents suggest he discipline his daughter. 6.30 The Simpsons. Lisa discovers her mother was an A-grade student. 7.0 The Simpsons. Bart and Lisa have families of their own. 7.30 The Simpsons. Homer takes part in an FBI operation against Fat Tony. 8.0 The Middle. Brooke Shields guest stars. 8.30 Modern Family. Claire plans a bit of Halloween mischief. 9.0 Spy. Tim is forced to take Marcus to work with him. 9.30 Trollied. The sta accidentally discover one anothers pay rates. 10.0 A League Of Their Own. Sport-based comedy quiz show, hosted by James Corden. 11.0 Road Wars. Police ocers combat vehicle crime. 12.0 Road Wars. Police ocers combat vehicle crime. Sky Arts 1 6.0pm All You Need Is Love. The origins of American popular music. 7.0 Big Ideas For A Small Planet. Two diering visions of the future of electric cars. 7.30 Dead Art. Dee Snider visits Pere Lachaise cemetery on the outskirts of Paris. 8.0 Mariellas Book Show. New series. With Anthony Horowitz, Alexander McCall Smith and Frances Osborne. 9.0 Playhouse Presents: Walking The Dogs. Comedy drama, starring Emma Thompson. 9.30 Onion News Network. The studio becomes sentient. 10.0 Cream Live At The Royal Albert Hall. The reunited bands week of concerts in 2005. 12.0 Mariellas Book Show. With Anthony Horowitz, Alexander McCall Smith and Frances Osborne. TCM 7.05pm Eight Legged Freaks. Comedy horror, starring David Arquette. 9.0 Police Academy. Comedy, starring Steve Guttenberg. 10.50 The Lost Boys. Comedy horror, starring Kiefer Sutherland. World Brieng 3.30 Outlook 4.0 News 4.06 Assignment 4.30 Sport Today 5.0 World Brieng 5.30 World Business Report 6.0 World Have Your Say 7.0 World Brieng 7.30 Science In Action 7.50 From Our Own Correspondent 8.0 News 8.06 Assignment 8.30 The Strand 8.50 Witness 9.0 Newshour 10.0 News 10.06 Outlook 10.30 World Business Report 11.0 World Brieng 11.30 Business Daily 11.50 Witness 12.0 World Brieng 12.30 Science In Action 12.50 Sports News 1.0 World Brieng 1.30 World Business Report 1.50 From Our Own Correspondent 2.0 News 2.06 Assignment 2.30 Outlook 3.0 Newsday 3.30 The Strand 3.50 Witness 4.0 Newsday 4.30 Science In Action 4.50 From Our Own Correspondent 5.0 Newsday

7.0pm Top Gear (R) (S) The hosts are each given a budget of 5,000 to nd a car that can hold its own on a racetrack and handle everyday tasks. Alastair Campbell tries out the Reasonably Priced Car. 8.0 Dont Tell The Bride Goes Global (R) (S) Highlights from other countries versions of the show.

7.0pm World News Today (S) (Followed by Weather.) 7.30 The Sky At Night (R) (S) Patrick Moore and Chris Lintott reveal the composition of the universe.

7.30 Hughs 3 Good Things (S) A selection of recipes with mushrooms as the main ingredient, including ideas for salads, pastries and jacket potato llings.

8.0 WW1s Tunnels Of Death: The Big Dig (S) Part one of two. An archaeological team explores First World War battleelds near the village of Messines in Belgium. (Followed by 5 News At 9.)

8.0 Shock And Awe: The Story Of Electricity (R) (S) Jim Al-Khalili explores mankinds attempts to harness electrical forces, and examines the work and theories of scientic innovators. 9.0 The Year The Town Hall Shrank (S) The citys residents begin to feel the true extent of the cuts, and with the local elections looming, politicians have to face up to the consequences of their decisions. 10.0 The Nazis: A Warning From History (R) (S) 10.50 Food In England: The Lost World Of Dorothy Hartley (R) (S) Historian Lucy Worsley charts the story of the writer. 11.50 Tales From The Wild Wood (R) (S) Spring arrives in Strawberry Cottage Wood, and new life emerges within the forest, as squirrels are drawn to Rob Penns newly-planted trees.

8.0 Grand Designs (R) (S) (AD) Kevin McCloud meets a dairy farming couple, who want to build a modern house in Wiltshire, constructed from engineered timber, with a barrelshaped roof. 9.0 Scandal (S) (AD) Olivia takes on the case of the son of a businesswoman who has been accused of rape.

8.0 Urban Secrets (R) (S) Alan Cumming tours the lesscelebrated sights of Brighton, including a toy museum and a boutique specialising in unusual headgear.

9.0 Hatelds & McCoys (S) Three bounty hunters are lured to the area when rewards are put on the heads of Anse and his sons.

9.0 Russell Howards Good News (S) The comedian oers his perspective on stories dominating the media. 9.30 Some Girls (R) (S) Comedy following 16-year-old Viva as she grows up on a south London estate. 10.0 Wilfred (S) (AD) The duo face existential questions. Comedy, starring Elijah Wood and Jason Gann. Last in the series. 10.20 Great Movie Mistakes (R) (S) 10.30 EastEnders (R) (S) (AD) 11.0 Family Guy (R) (S) Stewie persuades Brian to take it slow with his new girlfriend. 11.25 Family Guy (R) (S) Peter becomes so obsessed with 1963 hit single Surn Bird. 11.45 American Dad! (R) (S)

9.0 Richard E Grants Hotel Secrets (S) The actor uncovers the gossip and intrigue behind the closed doors of some of the worlds most famous rooms and suites.

10.0 The Contractor (Josef Rusnak, 2007) (S) A former assassin is coaxed back into service for one last mission, but ends up framed for murder. So-so action thriller, starring Wesley Snipes and Charles Dance.

10.0 My Social Network Stalker: True Stories (R) (S) Documentary following the story of Ruth Jeery, who was subjected to more than three years of online abuse by her boyfriend Shane Webber. 11.10 Embarrassing Bodies (R) (S) Dr Christian Jessen oers on-the-spot STI checks for holiday-makers on one of the islands beaches.

10.0 Dont Sit In The Front Row (R) (S) 10.30 Game Change (Jay Roach, 2012) (S) Compelling drama examining the impact of Sarah Palin on John McCains unsuccessful presidential campaign. With Julianne Moore.

(FM) Book Of The Week: On Wheels. By Michael Holroyd. 10.0 Womans Hour. Lively discussion with Jenni Murray. 11.0 From Our Own Correspondent. Presented by Kate Adie. Last in the series. 11.30 Whats So Great About Beckett? Lenny Henry gets to grips with Samuel Beckett. Last in the series. (R) 12.0 News 12.04 You And Yours. Consumer aairs. 12.57 Weather 1.0 The World At One. Presented by Edward Stourton. 1.45 Foreign Bodies. Mark Lawson discusses the world of detective Harry Hole with author Jo Nesbo. 2.0 The Archers. Lilian takes on a new role. (R)

2.15 Afternoon Drama: The Other Simenon. The Neighbours, by Georges Simenon. 3.0 Open Country. Helen Mark visits the Lake District. 3.27 Radio 4 Appeal. On behalf of the charity Circles. (R) 3.30 Bookclub. David Almonds Skellig. (R) 4.0 The Film Programme. With Francine Stock. 4.30 Material World. With Quentin Cooper. 5.0 PM. With Eddie Mair. 5.57 Weather 6.0 Six OClock News 6.30 Andrew Lawrence: How Did We End Up Like This? A comic take on human evolution. 7.0 The Archers. Rhys receives an oer out of the blue. 7.15 Front Row. A report from the opening night

of People, Alan Bennetts new play. 7.45 The Righteous Sisters. By Jane Purcell. 8.0 Law In Action. Tensions over the issues of extradition and votes for prisoners. Last in the series. 8.30 The Bottom Line. Business issues that matter. 9.0 Saving Species. The Scottish wildcat and the bearded tooth fungus. (R) 9.30 In Our Time. The story of the Upanishads, the ancient sacred texts of Hinduism. 9.59 Weather 10.0 The World Tonight. With Robin Lustig. 10.45 Book At Bedtime: The Cleaner Of Chartres. By Salley Vickers. 11.0 The Headset Set. Sketch show set in a call centre. 11.30 Today In Parliament.

Sean Curran presents. 12.0 News And Weather 12.30 Book Of The Week: On Wheels. By Michael Holroyd. (R) 12.48 Shipping Forecast

Radio 4 Extra
Digital only
6.0 Orphans In Waiting 6.30 Paperwork 7.0 Chambers 7.30 Andrew Lawrence: How Did We End Up Like This? 8.0 Parsley Sidings 8.30 Take It From Here 9.0 1834 9.30 Just A Minute 10.0 My Family And Other Animals 11.0 Married Love 11.15 The Unhearable 12.0 Parsley Sidings 12.30 Take It From Here 1.0 Orphans In Waiting 1.30 Paperwork 2.0 South Riding 2.15 Laurence Llewelyn-Bowens Men Of Fashion 2.30 Born Brilliant:

The Life Of Kenneth Williams 2.45 A Kestrel For A Knave 3.0 My Family And Other Animals 4.0 The 4 OClock Show 5.0 Mind Your Own Business 5.30 Chambers 6.0 A Collection Of Bones 6.15 The Matrix 6.30 Weird Tales 7.0 Parsley Sidings 7.30 Take It From Here 8.0 Orphans In Waiting 8.30 Paperwork 9.0 Married Love 9.15 The Unhearable 10.0 Comedy Club: Andrew Lawrence: How Did We End Up Like This? 10.30 ElvenQuest 11.0 The Million Pound Radio Show 11.30 Sounding O With McGough 11.45 The Tape Recorded Highlights Of A Humble Bee 12.0 A Collection Of Bones 12.15 The Matrix 12.30

Weird Tales 1.0 Orphans In Waiting 1.30 Paperwork 2.0 1834 2.30 Just A Minute 3.0 My Family And Other Animals 4.0 Married Love 4.15 The Unhearable 5.0 Mind Your Own Business 5.30 Chambers

World Service

Digital and 198 kHz after R4


8.30 Business Daily 8.50 Sports News 9.0 News 9.06 Assignment 9.30 The Strand 9.50 Witness 10.0 World Update 11.0 World, Have Your Say 11.30 Health Check 11.50 From Our Own Correspondent 12.0 News 12.06 Outlook 12.30 The Strand 12.50 Witness 1.0 News 1.06 Assignment 1.30 Business Daily 1.50 Sports News 2.0 Newshour 3.0

08.11.12 The Guardian 23

Puzzles

On the web For tips and all manner of crossword debates go to guardian.co.uk/crosswords

Quick crossword no 13,261


Across
1 7 8 10 11 13 15 17 18 21 22 23 Sign of rejection (6,4) Minnow (7) Poisonous (5) Harpo or Karl? (4) Semi-visible natural satellite (4-4) Diamond-shaped pattern for woollens (6) Cup with a wide mouth (6) Really work extra hard (4,1,3) Strength grievance (4) Medium used to achieve a result (5) Aromatic root with medicinal powers (7) Disparagement of something one wants but cannot attain (4,6)
6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 5

Sudoku no 2,339

7 8 3 4 5 2 1 4 1 9 6 3 2 8 5 9 4 7 3 9 6 5 2

10 12 13 14

11

15 16

8
Want more? Access over 4,000 archive puzzles at guardian.co.uk/crossword. Buy all four Guardian quick crosswords books for only 20 inc UK p&p (save 7.96). Visit guardianbooks.co.uk or call 0330 333 6846.

17 20 21 22

18

19

Down
1 Elizabeth I, perhaps (5) 2 Hideous (4) 3 Drinks server (6) 4 With exemption from customs tax (4-4) 5 Figure made from candle material (7) 6 Philatelists book (5,5) 9 Rotating machine that separates particles (10) 12 Detergent (8) 14 Nazi secret police (7) 16 Oval-ball game, colloquially (6)

23

19 Vessels with handle and spout (5) 20 Break card game (4)
Stuck? For help call 0906 751 0039 or text GUARDIANQ followed by a space, the day and date the crossword appeared another space and the CLUE reference to 85010 (e.g GUARDIANQ Wednesday24 Down20). Calls cost 77p a minute from a BT Landline. Calls from other networks may vary and mobiles will be considerably higher. Texts cost 50p a clue plus standard network charges. Service supplied by ATS. Call 0844 836 9769 for customer service (charged at local rate, 2p a min from a BT landline).

Solution no 13,260
S H A N T Y T OWN T N W H E H GANGRENE L E E S F E E L S R F I LO F A SH I ON I B K I M I CRONE S I AN E T S N HASH I SH EV I L N A W S A A K IWI ALKAL I NE E K N I I K SUGARDADDY
Hard. Fill the grid so that each row, column and 3x3 box contains the numbers 1-9. Printable version at guardian.co.uk/sudoku

Solution to no 2,338
2 4 8 3 9 7 1 5 6 1 5 9 6 2 4 7 3 8 6 3 7 8 1 5 2 9 4 9 7 3 1 8 6 4 2 5 8 6 4 5 7 2 9 1 3 5 1 2 4 3 9 6 8 7 4 2 5 9 6 8 3 7 1 3 9 6 7 5 1 8 4 2 7 8 1 2 4 3 5 6 9

Stuck? For help call 0906 751 0036. Calls cost 77p a minute from a BT Landline. Calls from other networks may vary and mobiles will be considerably higher. Service supplied by ATS. Call 0844 836 9769 for customer service (charged at local rate, 2p a min from a BT landline). Free tough puzzles at www.puzzler. com/guardian

Doonesbury If...

24 The Guardian 08.11.12

Steve Bell

Garry Trudeau