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ELECTRICAL ENERGY AND POWER ELECTRICAL ENERGY Electrical energy is a form of energy derived from sources of electrical current

in an electrical circuit is closed. Electrical energy can be converted into other form of energy, for example : a. Into heat energy, eg, iron, solder, and a stove. b. Into light energy, eg light. c. Into mechanical energy, eg motor. d. Into chemical energy, eg batteries charging events, events plating The amount of electrical energy (W) is determined by Potential difference / voltage (V) Strong current flowing (I) Duration of the current flows (t)

Description: W = electrical energy ( joule ) V = potential difference ( volt) I = strong current flowing (Ampere) t = time (second) R = electrical ressistance (Ohm) q = electric charge (Coulomb) Amount of electrical energy which is converted into heat : calorie Electric Power (P) Electric power is the amount of electrical energy used by an electrical appliance per unit time.


Relations Unit of Energy and Resources Power (P) Watt Watt Time(t) Second Hour Energy (W) Joule (J) Watt.hour (wj) = watt.hour (Wh)

1000 Wh= 1 kWh 1Wh= 1watt. 3600 second = 3600 joule 1 kWh = 36 x 105 joule Electric Heating efficiency ()

Q x 100% Q x W W or

AC/DC CURRENT AND ITS APPLICATION Electricity current (I) is a current which contain electricity because there is a difference of potential (battery) value in electricity field.

To differ between AC and DC can be used an oscilloscope by the curve shape DC is a current whose current and voltage is not a periodic function of time. In other hand, current or voltage of DC is a constant value (c)

The resistance of a conductor has a factor, thats current (I) and voltages (V). For a conductor made of a metal, if temperature and other pyshical chatacteristics are kept constant, then the slop of the V for I graph or R = V/i is constant.

The factor that affects the resistance of an electrical wire is density of the matter (), the length of the wire (L), the area of the wire (A).

The area of the wire is cycle, so its formula is

within a certain range of temperature changes, the fractional chage in resistivity Resistance is proportional to resistivity . Therefore, we can write the equation of R in the same way as that of :

Because the voltage value is constant therefore the value cant be changed up. The electric energy doesnt need to be transmitted, usually it directly used from it source (usually chemical energy. Application of DC:generator dc, battery AC is a current whose current and voltage is periodic function of time. In other hand, current or voltage of AC change periodically Therefore the formula of voltage and current in AC are:

I = Imax sin (t)

V = Vmax sin (t)

V = measured voltage Vmax = maximum voltage I = measured current Imax = maximum current AC is a current whose direction continually reverses (periodic)