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Stefan Arteni (Geizan )

shod

(the path of writing)


expanded version of the lecture planned for the May 5, 2012 (Saturday) workshop associated with the exhibition Storytelling in Japanese Art , November 19, 2011 May 6, 2012 The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

Shod
Stefan Arteni (Geizan)

The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York 2

Storytelling in Japanese Art November 19, 2011 May 6, 2012


Galleries 223232

a selection of works

Sugawara no Michizane (845-903) is the patron deity of scholarship and calligraphy

1. Illustrated Legends of the Kitano Tenjin Shrine, Kamakura period (11851333), Fletcher Fund, 1925, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York Catalog checklist 1

2. The Illustrated Miracles of Kannon, Kamakura period, 1257, Sugawara Mitsushige calligrapher, Louisa Eldridge McBurney Gift 1953, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

3. The Great Woven Cap, set of scrolls, Edo period, 17th century, Asakura Juken calligrapher, Spencer Collection, The New York Public Library Catalog checklist 4b

4. The Tale of Gio, set of scrolls, Momoyama period, 16th century, Spencer Collection, The New York Public Library Catalog checklist 8

5.The Tales of Ise, pair of six-panel folding screens, Edo period, 17th century, Mary and Jackson Burke Foundation

Shod (literally the writing path)


D means path, way - the Chinese reading is Tao. Sho is not merely beautiful script, nor is it just a means of conveying data. Calligraphy is one of the spiritual, martial and aesthetic disciplines or ways [E.g the way of tea Chad , the way of the sword Kendo, etc.] Among those engaged in the practice of calligraphy [ascesis, from Greek askesis, literally exercise or training] we count monks and nuns, warriors and intelligence officers, craftsmen and artists, scholars and poets, diplomats, politicians and businesspeople. [E.g. The great Woven Cap scrolls calligrapher Asakura Juken, 17th century, warrior./Otagaki Rengetsu, 19th century, nun, poet, painter, potter, calligrapher, skilled in martial arts and tea ceremony / the three Shu who ensured a relatively peaceful and orderly transition of power in the Meiji Restoration , 19th century, skilled in martial arts, calligraphy, Zen / Saigo Takamori, 19th century, the Last Samurai/Hisamatsu Shinichi, 20th century, philosopher, skilled in Zen and calligraphy, tea ceremony master / etc.] The act of writing becomes purposeless, independent of any will-power. Body, mind, brush, ink and paper unite and become indistinguishable from the act itself. Shod has an effect on ones spiritual growth. Nishida Kitar (18701945): True creation arises from mu-shin, or the state of no-mind, which lies beyond thoughts, emotions and expectations - the mind will free itself from the attachments to hope and fears and calculation. . Shakyo, sutra transcription or copying the Lotus Sutra is often taken up by calligraphers - is a means of improving calligraphic skill, a meditative practice, or a way to gain Blessings.

Those who commissioned or collected the works were already familiar with the stories handed down, told and retold for a long time. Essentially, the aim of the viewer was to evaluate the skill of the painter, to ascertain the proficiency of the calligrapher and to compare the work to similar versions one may use a musical analogy, variations on a theme, or one may imagine the same scenario with a different range of visual effects. [On the common origin of writing and painting see: http://www.scribd.com/collections/2802580/Stefan-Arteni-Writing-Systems-ArtCommunication ] A person looking at calligraphy is usually a practitioner of the art and consequently will be able to follow mentally the graphic variability of characters and the movement of the brush, its turns and speed. Sho can be viewed either as just a text to be read or as a painterly composition, In the latter case, readability becomes irrelevant. [Luhmann s communication theory: one can focus on either the information or how the information is expressed.. E.g. The Tales of Ise screen the writing, although still readable, becomes part of the design, it modulates the large gilded areas.] Like Zen, Sho can be analyzed, it can be described, it can be sensed but it is a vague image with no substance until it is experienced: 'The path of words has been cut out.

Way, Path
(Chinese: Tao, Dao Japanese: D, Michi) Stefan Arteni (Geizan) www.art-virtue.com/styles/kai/index.htm

Empress Komyo Kogo 701-760

Yamamoto Gempo 1866-1961 (Rinzai sect) John Stevens, Sacred Calligraphy of the East, Shambhala, Boulder & London, 1981, p. 195

Tao (D). It is not angry even if its stepped on (Kato) Ryuho Zensho 1915-1992 (Rinzai sect) http://web.kyoto-inet.or.jp/org/jikyu-an/9167.html

Kamijo Shinzan 20th century

Tanaka Setsuzan

mu-shin, the state of no mind:

Mushin Taitsu Kono b 1930 (Rinzai sect) http://brucekennedyphotos.zenfolio.com/img/s11/v3/p219714601-3.jpg

Kamijo Shinzan 20th century

Kumo Mushin Torin Ozeki (Soen) b 1932 (Rinzai sect) http://cameronjcampbell.name/Tier2/Japanese_calligrap hy/Ozeki_Torin/Ozeki_Torin_kumomushin.jpg

Stefan Arteni (Geizan)

Stefan Arteni (Geizan)

Kkai () known posthumously as Kb-Daishi ( The Grand Master Who Propagated the Buddhist Teaching) 774835

A 14th century portrait of Kkai ofwww.artic.edu/aic/collections/m y/inside-art-japan/16161

Kkai (Kb-Daishi), woodcut www.madinpursuit.com/blog/2011/ 06/02/who-is-kobo-daishi/

Calligraphy by Kkai, Touji Temple, Kyoto http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Huushincho_1.jpg

Siddham, (bonji), script was introduced to Japan by Kkai http://www.omniglot.com/writ ing/siddham.htm

Kkai, Siddham alphabet http://www.visiblemantra.org/ kukai-alphabet.html

Jiun Sonja Onko 1718-1804 (Shingon sect) http://zenart.shambhala.com/

Hemp pilgrims coat 19th century http://www.trocadero.com/haruko/items/ 1125196/item1125196.html

Enso with seed syllable A Hyakure http://www.robynbuntin.c om/ItemDetail.asp?Prod uctID=14565

Oomori Zenkai 1871-1947 (Soto sect) http://www.nagaragawagarou.com/sakuhin/zen kai-e164.html

Siddham (bonji) calligraphy Stefan Arteni (Geizan)

Kb Daishi/Kkai is credited with the invention of the syllabic writing system. According to tradition, he also composed the Iroha, a poem which is a perfect pangram, containing each character of the syllabary exactly once. Iroha is a poem about the impermanence of all things. The first syllables, i and ro, iro, mean color, form. The context of the poem brings to mind The Heart Sutra: form is emptiness, emptiness is form.


Iroha poem (the old text)


Iroha poem (modern form) http://www.japanisch-netzwerk.de/Thread-Japanische-Pangramme-von-der-Heian-Zeitbis-heute?page=2

Iro wa niedo Chirinuru o Waga yo tare zo Tsune naran Kyo koete Asaki yume mi-ji Ei mo sezu Though the colors [of autumn flowers] Are bright, They fade away. Who in this world of ours May continue forever? Crossing today the boundaries of the physical world, No more shallow dreams or intoxication. http://kc-shotokan.com/Essays/nantenbo.htm

Iroha poem
http://www.japanischnetzwerk.de/Thread-JapanischePangramme-von-der-Heian-Zeitbis-heute?page=2

(iro, shiki: color, form; sanskrit: rupa)


From the Heart Sutra (Mahaprajnaparamita): Form is emptiness Emptiness is form

The Heart Sutra Part 1 Oh-Yang Sheun 557-641 (China) www.artvirtue.com/hi story/tang/ta ng.htm

The Heart Sutra Part 2 Oh-Yang Sheun 557-641 (China) www.artvirtue.com/hi story/tang/ta ng.htm

The Heart Sutra Zhao Mengfu 12541322 (China) http://1.bp.blogspot.com/Dqfrvyhwb9A/TwNpr_bQw3I/AAAAAAAAABo/g6SlllIlSZ0/s1600/heart%2Bsutra2.jpg

The Heart Sutra Shizan written in 1934 http://jyuluck-do.com/sp70259.html

Heart Sutra and Daruma Nichibutsu 20th century http://jyuluck-do.com/sp30080.html

Heart Sutra (Obara) Tenmon Taigen -1948 (Rinzai sect) http://web.kyotoinet.or.jp/org/jikyuan/9135.html

The Heart Sutra Nakayama Hakudo 1870-1958 (swordsman) http://zenart.shambhala.com/wpcontent/themes/zenart/products/f ull_size/3125.jpg

Emptiness Zhu Yunmng 1460 1526 (China) http://beyond-calligraphy.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/10/figure_4_kanjietymology_kuu.jpg

Emptiness Kasumi Bunsho 1905-1998 (Rinzai sect) http://brucekennedyphotos.zenfolio.com/img/s8/v9/p443834471-3.jpg

Emptiness Kamijo Shinzan 20th century

Emptiness Stefan Arteni (Geizan)

Emptiness Form Stefan Arteni (Geizan)

Form Emptiness Stefan Arteni (Geizan)

Form Emptiness Stefan Arteni (Geizan) carved seal

Iroha

Folding screen Iroha poem Yamaoka Tesshu 1836 1888 John Stevens, The Sword of No Sword, Shambhala, Boston & Shaftesbury, 1989, p. 100

Folding screen set and details Iroha poem Shoun (Sohan Gempo) 1848-1922 (Rinzai sect) www.thekura.com/items/974560/en5st ore.html

Folding screen set, details Iroha poem Shoun (Sohan Gempo) 1848-1922 (Rinzai sect) www.thekura.com/items/974560/en5store. html

Folding screen set, detail, Iroha poem Shoun (Sohan Gempo) 1848-1922 (Rinzai sect) www.the-kura.com/items/974560/en5store.html

Folding screen set, details, Iroha poem Shoun (Sohan Gempo), 1848-1922 (Rinzai sect) www.thekura.com/item s/974560/en5 store.html

Folding screen set, detail, Iroha poem Shoun (Sohan Gempo) 1848-1922 (Rinzai sect) www.the-kura.com/items/974560/item974560store.html

Folding screen set, details, Iroha poem Shoun (Sohan Gempo) 1848-1922 (Rinzai sect) www.thekura.com/ite ms/974560/e n5store.html

Folding screen set, detail, Iroha poem Shoun (Sohan Gempo) 1848-1922 (Rinzai sect) www.the-kura.com/items/974560/item974560store.html

Iroha poem (first panel of a pair of folding screens) Nakahara Nantemb 1839-1925 (Rinzai sect) http://kcshotokan.com/Essays/nantenbo. htm

Iroha poem Tea bowl by Ogawa Takeo with calligraphy by Shimizu Kosho (Kegon sect) 20th century http://www.asianart.com/Bach mannEckenstein/5.html

Iroha poem Tea bowl by Ogawa Takeo with calligraphy by Shimizu Kosho (Kegon sect) 20th century http://www.asianart.com/BachmannEckenstein/5.html

I Ro Ha Ni Stefan Arteni (Geizan)

I Ro Ha Ni Stefan Arteni (Geizan)

Edo period

Hosokawa Tadaoki 1563-1646 ichijoji.blogspot.com/2011 _09_01_archive.html

Gracia (Garasha) Hosokawa 1563-1600 (Christian convert) http://2.bp.blogspot.com/zFh7AH2SJrA/TmsGu6ka98I/AAAAAAAAALA/yL2SOIsVo14/s1600/Gracia+2.jpg

Miyamoto Musashi 17th century http://img171.image shack.us/img171/5 993/miyamotoscan 3fd5.jpg

Honami Koetsu 17th century www.moaart.or.jp/owned_e.php?id=151

When the mountain is high the moon rises late Kan Tan'y 16021674 www.artgallery.nsw.gov.au/work/2 96.1986/

Tokugawa Tsunayoshi www.shoga.jp/en/item/cat149/cat8/

Edo period 17th 18th centuries www.japanesescreen s.com/items/6525_65 25A_sixfold_paper_sc reen_...

Edo period 17th 18th centuries www.japanese screens.com/it ems/6526_652 6A_sixfold_pap er_screen_...

Yanagizawa Kien 1704-1758 http://content.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/ hb638nb779/

A Tang poem, "Maple Bridge Night Mooring: The moon sets, crows sing, and frost fills the sky. Maple trees along the river and fires in the fishing boats face me, sleepless with lament. The bell of Cold Mountain Temple outside Sozhou tolls, At midnight, the sound reached this boat. Ike no Taiga 1723-1776 Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York http://www.flickr.com/photos/pe terjr1961/3733852639/

Hakuin Ekaku 1686-1768 (Rinzai sect) http://zoom.mfa.org/fif=sc2%2FS C205219.fpx&obj=iip%2C1.0&wi d=1000&cell=1000%2C1000&cv t=jpeg

Yosa Buson 1716-1783 http://www.bachmanneckenstein.com/exhibitions/past/2012/Asia_Week/images/2109-1.JPG

Reizei Tanemura 1712-1774 http://www.shoga.jp/en/item/2011/03/110 99.html

Kameda Bosai 1752-1826 http://www.flickr.com/photos/cosm orochester2/5718271055/sizes/l/i n/set-72157626592759685/

Jiun Sonja Onko 1718-1804 (Shingon sect) http://www.shodo.it/zensho-bio.html

Jiun Sonja Onko 1718-1804 (Shingon sect) http://1.bp.blogspot.com/UsX_5VQ3GxA/TWOzp9xyw8I/AA AAAAAACcI/6MYdWeACCXQ/s16 00/Jiun_2.jpg

Minagawa Kien 1734-1807 http://visipix.dynalias.com/cgibin/view?userid=1843963255&q= r%5C^2.*&n=70&p=4&l=en&u=2 &ub=1&k=1

Minagawa Kien 1734-1807 http://archive.wul.waseda.ac.jp/kosho/chi06/chi06_03890/chi06_03890_0065/chi06_038 90_0065_0004/chi06_03890_0065_0004_p0001.jpg

Haiku Kobayashi Issa 1763-1828 www.shoga.jp/en/item/cat149/cat11/cat166/

Haiku Kobayashi Issa 1763-1828 http://www.shoga.jp/en/item/2011/03/ 11229.html

Sengai Gibon 1750 1837 (Rinzai sect) http://www.nagaragawagaro u.com/ga/sengai-settanisyu1.jpg

Detail, Sengai Gibon 1750 1837 (Rinzai sect) http://www.nagaragawagarou.com/ga/sengai-setta-nisyu2.jpg

Ichi, ni, san and I Ro Ha, Rykan Taigu , 17581831 (St sect) John Stevens, Sacred Calligraphy of the East, Shambhala, Boulder & London, 1981, p. 168

Yamamoto Oan 1772-1830 (scholar) www.robynbuntin.com/ItemDetail.asp?ProductID=10 757

Nukina Kaioku 17781863 bunjin (scholar-artist) http://www.artgallery.ns w.gov.au/media/collecti on_images/2/237.1993 %23%23S.jpg

Nukina Kaioku 17781863 bunjin (scholar-artist) http://quod.lib.umich.e du/m/musart/x-1987sl-2.45/*

Nukina Kaioku 17781863 bunjin (scholar-artist) www.trocadero.com/ YamazoeTenkodo/it ems/923014/item92 3014store....

Nukina Kaioku 17781863 bunjin (scholar-artist) http://mountshang.blogspot.com/2009_09_01_archive.html

www.artgallery.nsw.gov.au/work/352.1994 tagaki Rengetsu (potter, painter, calligrapher, skilled at dance, martial arts, tea ceremony) 17911875 (Jodo sect) zenwomen.org/work/otagaki-rengetsu/otagakirengetsu-gallery/

tagaki Rengetsu (potter, painter, calligrapher, skilled at dance, martial arts, tea ceremony) 17911875 (Jodo sect) http://www.bachmanneckenstein.com/exhibitions/past/2012/Asia_Week/images/1546-1.JPG

tagaki Rengetsu (potter, painter, calligrapher, skilled at dance, martial arts, tea ceremony) 17911875 (Jodo sect) http://www.bachmanneckenstein. com/exhibitions/past/2012/Asia_ Week/images/1526-p.JPG

tagaki Rengetsu (potter, painter, calligrapher, skilled at dance, martial arts, tea ceremony) 17911875 (Jodo sect) www.asianart.com/B achmannEckenstein /d11206.html

The "Three Shu" (Katsu Kaishu, Takahashi Deishu, and Yamaoka Tesshu) 19th century

kashima-arts.com/kakejiku/kindai_sho/gallery/katsu.html

Katsu Kaish 1823-1899

robynbuntin.com/ItemDetail.asp?ProductID=3716

Katsu Kaishu 1823-1899 http://www.nagaragawagarou .com/sakuhin/kaishuud131.html

Katsu Kaishu 1823-1899 http://archive.wul.waseda.ac.j p/kosho/chi03/chi03_03535/c hi03_03535_0070/chi03_035 35_0070_p0001.jpg

Takahashi Deishu 1835 1903 http://www.nagaragawagarou.c om/sakuhin/deishuu-d130.html

The way of the warrior (Bushido ) http://www.vam.ac.uk/con tent/articles/z/zencalligraphy/ Takahashi Deish 1835 - 1903 http://web.kyotoinet.or.jp/org/jikyuan/8511.html http://web.kyotoinet.or.jp/org/jikyuan/8512.html

http://www.nagaragawagarou.com/ga/deisyu-byoubu1.jpg

Takahashi Deish 1835 1903

http://www.nagaragawagarou.com/deisyu-suichiku1.jpg

Takahashi Deishu 1835 1903 tushabuntin.wordpr ess.com/2011/11/04 /the-brush-shopdeishu/

Takahashi Deishu 1835 1903 http://www.nagaragawagarou.com/ sakuhin/deishuu-d094.html

Yamaoka Tesshu 1836 1888 http://archive.wul.waseda. ac.jp/kosho/chi06/chi06_0 4669/chi06_04669_p000 1.jpg

Yamaoka Tesshu 1836 1888 underthemoonshadow.blogsp ot.com/2011/08/calligraphyby-yamaoka...

Yamaoka Tesshu 1836 1888 http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_ mEWicjQcCqI/TBt8sUquj mI/AAAAAAAAAh8/jrSo88 YrUPc/s1600/yamaokatesshu_thonshi.gif

Modern period

Shinten-o Yamanaka 1821-1885 http://shogaya.com/indexe.html

Saigo Takamori 1827-1877 kashimaarts.com/gakusou/kindai _sho/index.html

Saigo Takamori 1827-1877 www.aikidocenterla.co m/2004/8/20.html

Saigo Takamori 1827-1877 http://www.wul.waseda. ac.jp/kosho/chi03/chi03 _3535_150/chi03_3535 _150.jpg

Saigo Takamori 1827-1877 http://archive.wul.wased a.ac.jp/kosho/chi06/chi0 6_04670/chi06_04670.ht ml

Tani Tateki 1837-1911 (general, politician) www.shoga.jp/en/item/2011/03/11 155.html

Natsume Sseki 1867-1916 (novelist, poet, Zen student) www.asianart.com/Bachma nnEckenstein/d13093.html

Nakabayashi Gochiku 18271913 http://archive.wul.waseda.a c.jp/kosho/chi03/chi03_038 38/chi03_03838_0013/chi0 3_03838_0013_p0001.jpg

Nakabayashi Gochiku 1827-1913 http://www.shoga.jp/en/item/2011/ 03/11142.html

Bairei Kono 1844-1895 (artist) http://visipix.dynalias .com/cgibin/view?userid=105 9555991&q=%272a Authors/B/Bairei%2 018441895%2C%20Koun o%2C%20Japan%2 7&n=0&p=1&l=en&u =2&ub=1&k=0

Inukai Tsuyoshi (Mokudo) 1855-1932 (prime minister) www.trocadero.com/YamazoeTen kodo/items/923011/item923011sto re....

Keishun Sekido 1840-1919 (Shingon sect) http://www.shogaya.com/indexe.ht ml

(Kozuki)Tesshu Chisei 1879-1937 (Rinzai sect) http://www.jikyuan.com/9046.html

http://www.manyoanco llection.org/collection/ works/detail/599/745/

Nakahara Nantemb 1839-1925 (Rinzai sect)

www.artfixdaily.com/art wire/release/161515th-asia-weekexhibi...

Nakahara Nantemb 1839-1925 (Rinzai sect) http://visipix.dynalias.com/cgibin/view?userid=1895240437&q=r%5C^2.*&n=62&p=3&l=en&u=2&ub =1&k=1

Nakahara Nantemb 1839-1925 (Rinzai sect) http://kmbasianart.blogspot.com/2005/12/zenmasters-poem-and.html

A pine tree in the cold - the colour lasting a thousand years. An old farmer with flowers in his hand - spring everywhere. Nakahara Nantemb 1839-1925 (Rinzai sect) http://www.bachmanneckenstei n.com/exhibitions/past/2001/Ink traces_Zen_Painting_by_Nante mbo_Deiryu_Bunsho_Gitei/pain tings/10.html

Meisetsu Naito 1847-1926 (poet) http://www.shogaya.com/indexe.html

(Nukariya) Busasan Kaiten 1867-1934 (Soto sect) http://web.kyotoinet.or.jp/org/jikyu-an/9141.html

Fukuda Kodojin 1865-1944 (poet) http://www.bach manneckenstein. com/exhibitions/p ast/2010/images/ Kodojin/16962.jpg

Kansetsu Hashimoto 1882-1945 (artist, poet) http://www.shogaya.com/indexe.ht ml

Gakudo Ozaki 1859-1954 (politician) http://www.shogaya.com/indexe. html

Ogasawara Naganari 1867-1958 (intelligence officer, naval officer) www.asianart.com/BachmannEcke nstein/d9540.html

Sogaku Harada 1871-1961 (Soto sect) http://www.shogaya.com/indexe.ht ml

Yamamoto Gempo 1866-1961 (Rinzai sect) http://www.nagaragawagarou.co m/sakuhin/genpou-e167.html

Yamamoto Gempo 1866-1961 (Rinzai sect) http://www.nagaragawagarou.com/sakuhin/genpoue168.html

Yamamoto Gempo 1866-1961 (Rinzai sect) http://web.kyoto-inet.or.jp/org/jikyuan/9075.html

Heading straight in clouds. (Hoshino) Taigen Seidou 1885-1962 (Rinza sect)i http://web.kyotoinet.or.jp/org/jikyu-an/9094.html

Kouji Sonko 1883-1969 (Jodo sect) http://www.shogaya.com/indexe.ht ml

Tenpu Nakamura 1876-1968 (intelligence officer, businessman, created Japanese yoga) www.shogaya.com/html-e/syoka-page2.htm

Fujii Tatsukichi 1881-1964 (artist) www.nagaragawagarou.com/visualm useum/m-tatsukichi.html

Mind (Kono) Enkai Sokan 1901-1970 (Rinzai sect, ceramic artist, selected as important intangible cultural asset in 1958) http://web.kyoto-inet.or.jp/org/jikyu-an/9125.html

Enso Shibayama Zenkei 20th century (Rinzai sect) sweetcakeenso.blogspot.com/2011/04/artful-teachings-of-fukushi...

Teshigawara Sofu 1900-1979 http://www.shoga.jp/en/item/2011/11/11352.html

Kazan 20th century http://www.chikuringallery.com/scrolls/ scroll_13.php

Hisamatsu Shinichi 1889-1980 (philosopher, Zen Buddhist scholar, tea ceremony master) http://www.jikyuan.com/9029.html

Hisamatsu Shinichi 1889-1980 (philosopher, Zen Buddhist scholar, tea ceremony master) www.nagaragawagarou.com/enhisamatsushinichi.html

Hisamatsu Shinichi 1889-1980 (philosopher, Zen Buddhist scholar, tea ceremony master) www.nagaragawagarou.com/englishindex.html

Hisamatsu Shinichi 1889-1980 (philosopher, Zen Buddhist scholar, tea ceremony master) www.nagaragawagarou.com/enhisamatsushinichi.html

Hisamatsu Shinichi 1889-1980 (philosopher, Zen Buddhist scholar, tea ceremony master) www.nagaragawagarou.com/enhisamatsushinichi.html

Sato Taishun 1889-1975 (Soto sect) http://www.nagaragaw agarou.com/ga/taisyun -shijyouhei1.jpg

Abe Zenryo 1898 1984 (Obaku sect) jyuluck-do.com/sp70258.html

(Oota) Bussan Tosui 1913-1979 (Soto sect) http://web.kyoto-inet.or.jp/org/jikyu-an/9067.html

Yamada Mumon 1900-1988 (Rinzai sect)

Kitamura Seibo 1884-1987 http://www.shoga.jp/en/item/2011/02/11148.html

(Oomori) Tekiou Sogen 1904-1994 (Rinzai sect) http://web.kyoto-inet.or.jp/org/jikyu-an/9078.html

Everlasting green color of pine trees expresses the longevity. (Tani) Kogetsu Soko 1931-1994 (Rinzai sect) http://www.jikyu-an.com/8342.html

Bunsho Kasumi 1905-1998 (Rinzai sect) http://www.shogaya.com/indexe. html

Umehara Takeshi b 1925 (scholar) http://www.nagaragawagarou.com/ga/umeharatakeshi-jyunkan2.jpg

A god in the heavens, a spirit in the ground Suda Kokuta 1906-1990 http://www.asianart.com/Bachm annEckenstein/6.html .

Hibino Koho http://www.britishmuse um.org/research/searc h_the_collection_datab ase/search_object_ima ge.aspx?objectId=166 5631&partId=1&search Text=frame&searchTer m=frame&orig=%2fres earch%2fsearch_the_c ollection_database.asp x&numPages=200&cur rentPage=1&output=se archText%3dframe%26 ItemsPerPage%3d200 &asset_id=220207

Yoshida Seidou http://www.knsh.kr/web/bbs/board .php?bo_table=z4_3&wr_id=20&p age=&page=

Kogi Taihou http://www.knsh.kr/web/ bbs/board.php?bo_tabl e=z4_3&wr_id=7&page =2

Ito Yasuko http://www.knsh.kr/web/bbs/boar d.php?bo_table=z4_3&wr_id=2& page=

Ishitobi Hakko http://www.ishit obihakko.com/rens ai/11.jpg

Style

Miyajima Eishi 1867-1943 www.nagaragawagarou.com/works/en-eishi-c074.html

Miyajima Eishi 1867-1943 http://www.nagaragawagarou.com/sakuhin/eishih009.html

Miyajima Eishi 1867-1943 http://www.nagaragawagarou.com/sakuhin/eishih010.html

Hozan 20th century http://jyuluckdo.com/sp70152.html

Kamijo Shinzan 20th century

Kamijo Shinzan 20th century

Kamijo Shinzan 20th century http://www.shoshou.com/_src/sc1082/IMG_1214.JPG

Kamijo Shinzan 20th century

Kamijo Shinzan 20th century

Kamijo Shinzan 20th century

Kamijo Shinzan 20th century http://sketchuni verse.files.word press.com/201 2/05/kamijoshinzan-starsin-the-skyflowers-on-theearth.jpg

Tanaka Setsuzan

Tanaka Setsuzan

Tanaka Setsuzan

Tanaka Setsuzan

Tanaka Setsuzan http://sketchuniverse.files.wordpre ss.com/2012/05/tanaka-setsuzantorrent.jpg

Uozumi Keizan b 1946 http://www.britishmuseum.org/r esearch/search_the_collection _database/search_object_ima ge.aspx

Uozumi Keizan b 1946 http://www.britishmuseum.org/research/search_the_collection_database/search_object_i mage.aspx

Uozumi Keizan b 1946 http://www.britishmu seum.org/research/s earch_the_collection _database/search_o bject_image.aspx

Uozumi Keizan b 1946 http://www.britishmuseum.org/research/search_the_collection_database/search_object_i mage.aspx

Uozumi Keizan b 1946 http://www.britishmuseum .org/research/search_the _collection_database/sea rch_object_image.aspx

Uozumi Keizan b 1946 http://www.britishmuseum. org/research/search_the_ collection_database/searc h_object_image.aspx

Stefan Arteni (Geizan)

Stefan Arteni (Geizan)

Stefan Arteni (Geizan)

Stefan Arteni (Geizan)

Stefan Arteni (Geizan)

Stefan Arteni (Geizan)

Stefan Arteni (Geizan)

A haiku by Kobayashi Issa Stefan Arteni (Geizan)

A haiku by Kobayashi Issa Stefan Arteni (Geizan)

Painting calligraphy

Fujiwara no Tameie? 13th century http://www.artfixda ily.com/artwire/rel ease/1744-asiaweek-new-yorkrolls-out-an-8-dayextravaganza-ofgallery-ope

Soen Shun'oku 16th-17th centuries (Rinzai sect) www.vajragallery.com/paintings/p0021.html

Edo period 18th century? http://www.asianart.com/Bach mannEckenstein/large/19302.jpg

Ike no Taiga 1723-1776 collection of H. Christopher Luce http://www.flickr.com/photos/libbyrosof/480691317/

Ike no Taiga 1723-1776 http://www.manyoancollection.org/collection/works/detail/56/121/

Tetsumon Doju 1710-1781 (Soto sect) http://web.kyotoinet.or.jp/org/jikyu-an/9022.html

Sengai Gibon 1750 - 1837 (Rinzai sect) http://0.tqn.com/d/arthistory/1/0/_/n/aaca_gugg_0109_01.jpg

A bamboo (pipe) leads water toward my place Mugaku Bun'eki 1818-1897 (Rinzai sect) http://www.asianart.com/Bachm annEckenstein/3.html

From Morning to Evening (let your spirit) Soar pair of twofold screens Meiji period www.japanesescreens.com/items/6303_6303_A_pair_of_twofold_pape...

Deiryu 1895-1954 (Rinzai sect) www.asianart.com/exhibitions/boaf2006/index.html

20th century www.japanesescreens.com/items/6530_6530A_sixfold_paper_screen_...

Suzuki Suiken 1889-1976 http://www.nagaragawagarou.com/ sakuhin/suiken-h008.html

Fujii Tatsukichi 1881-1964 http://www.nagarag awagarou.com/sak uhin/tatsukichig011.html

Ohashi Korin 1901 - 1983 http://jyuluck-do.com/sp702583japanese-calligraphy-drawing.jpg

Miyasaka Michiyo 20th century jyuluck-do.com/BrandNewCalligraphy.html

Sawada Kyoshu 20th century jyuluck-do.com/sp70224.html

Shinden Inaba 1906-1986 (Rinzai sect) http://shogaya.com/indexe.html

Yamada Mumon 1900-1988 (Rinzai sect) http://web.kyotoinet.or.jp/org/jikyu-an/9061.html

Teshima Yukei http://www.pix elcreation.fr/fil eadmin/img/s as_image/gal erie/illustratio n/Calligraphie %20japonais e/02%20teshi ma_yukei.jpg

Muroi Gensyo http://medias.slash.fr/main_images/images/000/003/545/01_33_muroi_gensyo_large.jpg?13303654 33

Yanagi Hekisen http://www.officiel-galeries-musees.com/uploads/expositions/92824166156471bb36489e3870776860ea7b6af5.jpg

Kamijo Shinzan 20th century

Stefan Arteni (Geizan)

Stefan Arteni (Geizan)

Stefan Arteni (Geizan)

Stefan Arteni (Geizan)

Stefan Arteni (Geizan)

Stefan Arteni (Geizan)

Stefan Arteni (Geizan)

Stefan Arteni (Geizan)

Stefan Arteni (Geizan)

Stefan Arteni (Geizan)

Stefan Arteni (Geizan)

Form supersedes readability

Yamaoka Tesshu 1836-1888 http://www.shogaya.com/indexe.ht ml Kouji.Takahashi, owner of Antique Art Rakunan-Japanese Hanging Scrolls, the company which sells this work, declares: I am not able to read this calligraphy .

Yamaoka Tesshu 1836-1888 http://www.shogaya.com/indexe.ht ml Kouji.Takahashi, owner of Antique Art Rakunan-Japanese Hanging Scrolls, the company which sells this work, declares: I am not able to read this calligraphy

A haiku by Kobayashi Issa Stefan Arteni (Geizan) Centre column: one character appears to be missing

Dragon Stefan Arteni (Geizan)

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