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2

Standard Trench/Embankment Installation

Concrete pipe should be installed in accordance with the AASHTO LRFD Bridge Construction Specifications,
Section 27 or ASTM C1479. Figure 1 shows the basic pipe and soil terminology.

Overfill Soil
Category I, II, III

Do/6 (Min.)

Do (Min.)

Do

Haunch

Springline

Lower Side
Di

Bedding
See Tables 1 & 2
Outer bedding
materials and
compaction each
side, same
requirements
as haunch

Do/3

Middle bedding loosely


placed uncompacted
bedding except Type 4

Foundation

There are four types of Standard Installations, each with its own soil and compaction requirements. Type 1 bedding provides the most support using highly compacted granular material,
while Type 4 provides for less support allowing the use of silts and clay soils with little or no compaction. These four choices provide flexibility and versatility for the designer and contractor, as
well as performance and economy for the owner that are not available with other types of pipe.
The soil and compaction requirements are provided in Table 1. Table 2 shows the equivalent soil designations per the Unified Soil Classification System (USCS) and AASHTO.
To facilitate your selection of the proper reinforced concrete pipe using the most beneficial Standard Installation for the conditions at the site, fill height tables are provided on the following
pages. The required 0.01 inch crack D-Loads in units of lbs per linear foot per foot of diameter are provided numerically and the class of pipe per ASTM C76 (AASHTO M 170) meeting this
requirement is designated by color of the cell.
2009 American Concrete Pipe Association, all rights reserved.

Resource # 16-201 (Revised 07/09)

Table 1: Standard Installation Soils and Minimum Compaction Requirements



Installation
Bedding
Haunch and

Type

Thickness

Outer Bedding

Lower Side

Type 1



Do /24 minimum, not


95% Category I
less than 3 (75 mm)
If rock foundation, use
Do /12 minimum, not
less than 6 (150 mm)

90% Category I,
95% Category II,
or
100% Category III

Type 2



Do /24 minimum, not


90% Category I
less than 3 (75 mm)
or
If rock foundation, use
95% Category II
Do /12 minimum, not
less than 6 (150 mm)

85% Category I,
90% Category II,
or
95% Category III

Type 3



Do /24 minimum, not


less than 3 (75 mm)
If rock foundation, use
Do /12 minimum, not
less than 6 (150 mm)

85% Category I,
90% Category II,
or
95% Category III

85% Category I,
90% Category II,
or
95% Category III

Type 4



No bedding required
No compaction
except if rock
required, except if
foundation, use Do /12
Category III,
minimum, not
use 85%
less than 6 (150 mm)

No compaction
required, except if
Category III,
use 85%

Reference: ASCE 15-98, Standard Practice for Direct Design of Buried Precast Concrete Pipe
Using Standard Installations (SIDD), 1998.

Table 3: Reinforced Pipe Classes for 0.01 inch


Crack Per ASTM C 76 (lbs/ft/ft)
Class I

800

Class II

1000

Class III

1350

Class IV

2000

Class V

3000

Special Design

> 3000

Table 2: Equivalent USCS and AASHTO Soil Classifications



for Standard Installation Soil Designations

Representative Soil Types

Percent Compaction


Standard Modified
SIDD
USCS
AASHTO Proctor Proctor
Gravelly
SW, SP,
A1, A3
Sand
GW, GP
(Category I)


100
95
90
85
80
61

95
90
85
80
75
59

Sandy
GM, SM, ML,
A2, A4
Silt
Also GC, SC
(Category II) with less than

20% passing

#200 sieve

100
95
90
85
80
49

95
90
85
80
75
46

Silty
CL, MH,
A5, A6
Clay
GC, SC
(Category III)


100
95
90
85
80
45

90
85
80
75
70
40


CH
A7


100
95
90
45

90
85
80
40

Reference: ASCE 15-98, Standard Practice for Direct Design of Buried Precast Concrete
Pipe Using Standard Installations (SIDD), 1998.

NOTES:
1. Compaction and soil symbols i.e. 95% Category I refers to Category I soil material with a minimum
Standard Proctor compaction of 95%. See Table 2 for equivalent Modified Proctor values.
2. Soil in the outer bedding, haunch, and lower side zones shall be compacted to at least the same
compaction as the majority of soil in the overfill zone.

2009 American Concrete Pipe Association, all rights reserved.

Resource # 16-201 (Revised 07/09)

4
The following Fill Height Tables have been developed by the American Concrete Pipe Association (ACPA) using the indirect design method in accordance with Section
12.10.4.3 of the AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specification, 4th Edition, 2007 with 2008 Interim. Live load was distributed through the pipe in accordance with Chapter 4
of the ACPA Concrete Pipe Design Manual.
Fill Height Tables are based on:
Class I
Class IV
D-Load (lb/ft/ft) for Type 1 Bedding
1. gs = 120 pcf
Class II
Class V
2. AASHTO HL-93 live load
Class
III
Special Design
3. Positive Projecting Embankment Condition - this gives conservative results in comparison to trench conditions
4. A Type 1 installation requires greater soil stiffness from the surrounding soils than the Type 2, 3, and 4 installations, and is thus harder to achieve.
Therefore, field verification of soil properties and compaction levels should be performed.

Fill Height (feet)


Pipe i.d.
(inches)

12
15
18
21
24
27
30
33
36
42
48
54
60
66
72
78
84
90
96
102
108

1
1850
1725
1550
1300
1150
1025
975
925
900
825
875
825
825
825
800
725
700
650
625
625
650

2
1100
1025
975
950
925
900
825
775
725
650
650
650
650
675
700
675
650
650
625
625
600

3
800
775
750
725
700
700
675
675
675
650
600
550
550
550
550
600
625
625
625
625
625

4
700
675
650
625
625
625
625
600
600
600
600
600
550
550
550
600
600
600
625
625
625

5
650
625
600
600
600
600
600
600
600
600
600
600
600
600
600
600
625
625
625
650
650

6
625
625
600
600
600
600
600
600
600
600
600
600
625
625
625
625
650
650
650
675
675

7
650
625
625
625
625
625
625
625
625
625
625
650
650
650
675
675
675
675
700
700
725

8
675
650
650
650
650
650
650
650
650
650
675
675
675
700
700
700
725
725
725
750
750

9
700
700
675
675
675
675
675
700
700
700
700
725
725
725
750
750
750
775
775
800
800

10
750
725
725
725
725
725
725
725
725
750
750
750
775
775
775
800
800
825
825
825
875

11
800
775
775
750
750
750
775
775
775
775
800
800
800
825
825
875
875
875
900
900
925

12
825
825
800
800
800
800
825
825
825
825
825
875
875
900
900
900
925
925
950
950
975

13
900
875
875
875
875
875
875
875
900
900
900
925
925
925
950
950
975
975
1000
1000
1025

2009 American Concrete Pipe Association, all rights reserved.

14
950
925
925
925
925
925
925
925
950
950
950
950
975
975
1000
1000
1025
1025
1050
1050
1075

15
1000
975
975
950
950
975
975
975
975
1000
1000
1000
1025
1025
1050
1050
1075
1075
1100
1100
1150

Resource # 16-201 (Revised 07/09)

Class I
Class IV
Fill Height Tables are based on:
D-Load (lb/ft/ft) for Type 1 Bedding
1. gs = 120 pcf
Class II
Class V
2. AASHTO HL-93 live load
Class III
Special Design
3. Positive Projecting Embankment Condition this gives conservative results in comparison to trench conditions
4. A Type 1 installation requires greater soil stiffness from the surrounding soils than the Type 2, 3, and 4 installations, and is thus harder to achieve.
Therefore, field verification of soil properties and compaction levels should be performed.
Fill Height (feet)
Pipe i.d.
(inches)

12
15
18
21
24
27
30

16
1050
1025
1000
1000
1000
1000
1025

17
1100
1075
1050
1050
1050
1050
1050

18
1175
1150
1150
1150
1150
1150
1150

19
1225
1200
1175
1175
1175
1175
1175

20
1275
1250
1225
1225
1225
1225
1225

21
1325
1300
1275
1275
1275
1275
1275

22
1375
1350
1325
1325
1325
1325
1325

23
1450
1425
1375
1375
1375
1375
1375

24
1500
1475
1450
1450
1450
1450
1450

25
1550
1525
1525
1525
1525
1525
1525

26
1600
1575
1550
1550
1550
1550
1550

27
1650
1625
1600
1600
1575
1600
1600

28
1725
1700
1650
1650
1625
1650
1650

29
1775
1750
1725
1725
1700
1725
1725

30
1825
1800
1757
1750
1750
1775
1775

33
36
42
48
54
60
66
72
78
84
90
96
102
108

1025
1025
1025
1050
1050
1075
1075
1100
1100
1150
1150
1175
1175
1200

1075
1075
1075
1100
1100
1150
1150
1175
1175
1200
1200
1225
1225
1250

1150
1150
1150
1175
1175
1200
1200
1225
1225
1250
1250
1275
1275
1300

1200
1200
1200
1225
1225
1250
1250
1275
1275
1300
1300
1325
1325
1350

1250
1250
1250
1275
1275
1300
1300
1325
1325
1350
1350
1375
1375
1425

1275
1300
1300
1325
1325
1325
1350
1375
1375
1425
1425
1450
1450
1475

1325
1350
1350
1350
1375
1375
1425
1450
1450
1475
1475
1500
1500
1525

1375
1425
1425
1425
1450
1450
1475
1500
1500
1525
1525
1550
1550
1575

1450
1475
1475
1475
1500
1500
1525
1550
1550
1575
1575
1600
1600
1625

1525
1525
1525
1525
1550
1550
1575
1600
1600
1625
1625
1650
1650
1700

1550
1575
1575
1575
1600
1600
1625
1650
1650
1700
1700
1725
1725
1750

1600
1625
1625
1625
1650
1650
1700
1725
1725
1750
1750
1775
1775
1800

1650
1700
1700
1700
1725
1750
1750
1775
1775
1800
1800
1825
1825
1850

1725
1750
1750
1750
1775
1800
1800
1825
1825
1850
1850
1875
1900
1900

1775
1800
1800
1800
1825
1850
1850
1875
1875
1900
1900
1925
1975
1975

2009 American Concrete Pipe Association, all rights reserved.

Resource # 16-201 (Revised 07/09)

Class I
Class IV
Fill Height Tables are based on:
D-Load (lb/ft/ft) for Type 1 Bedding
1. gs = 120 pcf
Class II
Class V
2. AASHTO HL-93 live load
Class III
Special Design
3. Positive Projecting Embankment Condition this gives conservative results in comparison to trench conditions
4. A Type 1 installation requires greater soil stiffness from the surrounding soils than the Type 2, 3, and 4 installations, and is thus harder to achieve.
Therefore, field verification of soil properties and compaction levels should be performed.
Fill Height (feet)
Pipe i.d.
(inches)

12
15
18
21
24
27

31
1900
1850
1825
1800
1800
1825

32
1975
1900
1875
1850
1850
1875

33
2025
1975
1925
1900
1900
1925

34
2075
2025
2000
1975
1975
2000

35
2125
2075
2050
2025
2025
2050

36
2175
2125
2100
2100
2075
2100

37
2250
2175
2150
2150
2125
2150

38
2300
2250
2200
2200
2175
2200

39
2375
2300
2275
2275
2250
2275

40
2425
2650
2625
2625
2600
2625

41
2475
2400
2375
2375
2350
2375

42
2550
2450
2425
2425
2400
2425

43
2600
2550
2475
2475
2450
2475

44
2650
2600
2550
2550
2525
2550

45
2700
2650
2600
2600
2575
2600

30
33
36
42
48
54
60
66
72
78
84
90
96
102
108

1825
1825
1850
1850
1850
1875
1900
1900
1925
1925
1975
2000
2000
2025
2025

1875
1875
1900
1900
1900
1925
1975
1975
2000
2025
2025
2050
2050
2075
2075

1925
1925
1975
1975
1975
2000
2025
2025
2050
2075
2075
2100
2100
2125
2125

2000
2000
2025
2025
2025
2050
2075
2075
2100
2125
2125
2150
2150
2175
2200

2050
2050
2075
2075
2100
2100
2125
2125
2150
2175
2175
2200
2200
2250
2275

2100
2100
2125
2125
2150
2150
2175
2175
2200
2250
2250
2275
2275
2300
2325

2150
2150
2175
2175
2200
2200
2250
2250
2275
2300
2300
2325
2325
2350
2375

2200
2200
2250
2250
2275
2275
2300
2325
2325
2350
2350
2375
2400
2400
2425

2275
2275
2300
2300
2325
2325
2350
2375
2375
2400
2400
2425
2450
2450
2475

2625
2625
2650
2650
2675
2675
2400
2425
2425
2450
2475
2475
2525
2525
2550

2375
2375
2400
2400
2425
2425
2450
2475
2525
2525
2550
2550
2575
2575
2600

2425
2425
2450
2450
2475
2475
2525
2550
2575
2575
2600
2600
2625
2650
2650

2475
2475
2525
2525
2550
2550
2575
2600
2625
2625
2650
2650
2675
2700
2700

2550
2575
2575
2575
2600
2600
2625
2650
2675
2675
2700
2700
2725
2750
2750

2600
2625
2625
2625
2650
2650
2675
2700
2725
2725
2750
2750
2800
2825
2825

2009 American Concrete Pipe Association, all rights reserved.

Resource # 16-201 (Revised 07/09)

Fill Height Tables are based on:


Class I
D-Load (lb/ft/ft) for Type 1 Bedding
1. gs = 120 pcf
Class II
2. AASHTO HL-93 live load
Class III
3. Positive Projecting Embankment Condition this gives conservative results in comparison to trench conditions
4. A Type 1 installation requires greater soil stiffness from the surrounding soils than the Type 2, 3, and 4 installations, and is thus
harder to achieve. Therefore, field verification of soil properties and compaction levels should be performed.

Class IV
Class V
Special Design

Fill Height (feet)


Pipe i.d.
(inches)

12
15
18
21
24
27

46
2750
2700
2650
2650
2625
2650

47
2850
2750
2700
2700
2675
2700

48
2900
2825
2750
2750
2725
2750

49
2950
2875
2825
2825
2825
2825

50
3000
2925
2875
2875
2875
2875

51
3075
2975
2950
2925
2925
2925

52
3125
3025
3000
2975
2975
2975

53
3175
3100
3075
3025
3025
3025

54
3250
3150
3125
3100
3100
3100

55
3300
3200
3175
3150
3150
3150

56
3375
3250
3225
3200
3200
3200

57
3400
3350
3275
3250
3250
3250

58
3475
3400
3350
3350
3350
3350

59
3525
3450
3400
3375
3375
3375

60
3575
3500
3450
3425
3425
3425

30
33
36
42
48
54
60
66
72
78
84
90
96
102
108

2650
2675
2675
2675
2700
2700
2725
2750
2800
2800
2825
2850
2850
2875
2900

2700
2725
2725
2725
2750
2750
2800
2825
2850
2850
2875
2900
2900
2925
2950

2750
2800
2800
2800
2825
2825
2850
2875
2900
2900
2925
2950
2950
2975
3000

2825
2850
2850
2875
2875
2875
2900
2925
2950
2975
2975
3000
3000
3025
3075

2875
2900
2900
2925
2925
2950
2950
2975
3000
3025
3025
3075
3075
3100
3125

2925
2950
2950
2975
2975
3000
3000
3025
3075
3100
3100
3125
3150
3150
3175

2975
3000
3025
3025
3025
3075
3075
3100
3125
3150
3150
3175
3200
3200
3225

3025
3050
3100
3100
3100
3125
3125
3150
3175
3200
3200
3225
3250
3250
3275

3100
3125
3150
3150
3150
3175
3175
3200
3225
3250
3250
3275
3300
3350
3350

3150
3175
3200
3200
3200
3225
3225
3250
3275
3300
3350
3350
3375
3400
3400

3200
3225
3250
3250
3250
3275
3300
3300
3350
3375
3400
3400
3425
3450
3450

3250
3275
3300
3300
3300
3350
3375
3375
3425
3425
3450
3450
3475
3500
3525

3350
3350
3375
3375
3375
3400
3425
3450
3475
3475
3500
3500
3525
3550
3575

3375
3400
3425
3425
3425
3450
3475
3500
3525
3525
3550
3575
3575
3625
3650

3425
3450
3475
3475
3475
3500
3525
3550
3575
3575
3625
3650
3650
3675
3700

2009 American Concrete Pipe Association, all rights reserved.

Resource # 16-201 (Revised 07/09)

Fill Height Tables are based on:


D-Load (lb/ft/ft)
1. gs = 120 pcf
2. AASHTO HL-93 live load
3. Positive Projecting Embankment Condition this gives conservative results in comparison to trench conditions

Class I
Class II
Class III

for Type 2 Bedding

Class IV
Class V
Special Design

Fill Height (feet)


Pipe i.d.
(inches)

12
15
18
21
24
27

1
1700
1575
1450
1225
1050
975

2
1050
975
950
900
875
850

3
800
775
750
725
725
700

4
725
700
675
675
650
650

5
700
675
650
650
650
650

6
700
700
675
675
675
675

7
750
725
725
725
725
725

8
800
775
775
775
775
775

9
850
825
825
825
825
825

10
900
900
875
875
900
900

11
975
950
950
950
950
950

12
1050
1025
1025
1025
1025
1025

13
1100
1075
1075
1075
1075
1075

14
1175
1150
1150
1150
1150
1150

15
1250
1225
1225
1225
1225
1225

30
33
36
42
48
54
60
66
72
78
84
90
96
102
108

925
875
850
825
825
800
800
800
775
725
675
650
625
650
650

825
750
700
650
650
650
675
700
725
700
675
650
650
650
625

700
675
675
650
625
600
600
600
600
625
650
650
650
650
675

650
650
650
650
650
650
625
625
650
650
650
675
675
700
700

650
650
650
650
650
650
675
675
675
675
700
700
700
725
725

675
675
675
675
700
700
700
725
725
725
750
750
750
775
775

725
725
725
725
750
750
750
775
775
800
800
800
825
825
825

775
775
775
775
800
800
825
825
850
850
850
875
875
875
900

825
825
850
850
850
875
875
900
900
900
925
925
950
950
950

900
900
900
900
925
925
950
950
975
975
975
1000
1000
1025
1025

950
950
975
975
975
1000
1000
1025
1025
1050
1050
1050
1075
1075
1100

1025
1025
1025
1050
1050
1050
1075
1075
1100
1100
1125
1125
1150
1150
1150

1100
1100
1100
1100
1125
1125
1150
1150
1175
1175
1175
1200
1200
1225
1225

1150
1150
1175
1175
1175
1200
1200
1225
1225
1250
1250
1275
1275
1275
1300

1225
1225
1225
1250
1250
1275
1275
1300
1300
1325
1325
1325
1350
1350
1375

2009 American Concrete Pipe Association, all rights reserved.

Resource # 16-201 (Revised 07/09)

Fill Height Tables are based on:


D-Load (lb/ft/ft)
1. gs = 120 pcf
2. AASHTO HL-93 live load
3. Positive Projecting Embankment Condition this gives conservative results in comparison to trench conditions

Class I
Class II
Class III

for Type 2 Bedding

Class IV
Class V
Special Design

Fill Height (feet)


Pipe i.d.
(inches)

12
15
18
21
24
27

16
1325
1300
1275
1275
1300
1300

17
1400
1375
1375
1375
1375
1375

18
1475
1425
1425
1425
1425
1425

19
1525
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500

20
1600
1575
1575
1550
1575
1575

21
1675
1650
1625
1625
1650
1650

22
1750
1725
1700
1700
1700
1700

23
1825
1800
1775
1775
1800
1775

24
1900
1875
1850
1850
1850
1850

25
1975
1950
1925
1925
1925
1925

26
2050
2025
2025
2025
2025
2025

27
2125
2075
2075
2075
2075
2075

28
2200
2150
2150
2125
2150
2150

29
2275
2225
2200
2200
2225
2225

30
2350
2300
2275
2275
2300
2275

30
33
36
42
48
54
60
66
72
78
84
90
96
102
108

1300
1300
1300
1300
1325
1325
1350
1350
1375
1375
1400
1400
1425
1425
1425

1375
1375
1375
1375
1400
1400
1425
1425
1450
1450
1475
1475
1475
1500
1500

1425
1450
1450
1450
1450
1475
1475
1500
1525
1525
1525
1550
1550
1575
1575

1500
1500
1525
1525
1525
1550
1550
1575
1575
1600
1600
1625
1625
1625
1650

1575
1575
1600
1600
1600
1600
1625
1650
1650
1675
1675
1675
1700
1700
1725

1650
1650
1650
1675
1675
1675
1700
1725
1725
1725
1750
1750
1775
1775
1775

1725
1725
1725
1725
1750
1750
1775
1775
1800
1800
1815
1825
1825
1850
1850

1775
1800
1800
1800
1925
1825
1850
1850
1875
1875
1900
1900
1900
1925
1925

1850
1875
1875
1875
1875
1900
1900
1925
1950
1950
1950
1975
1975
1975
2000

1925
1925
1950
1950
1950
1975
1975
2000
2025
2025
2025
2050
2050
2050
2075

2025
2025
2025
2025
2025
2050
2050
2075
2100
2100
2100
2100
2125
2125
2150

2075
2075
2100
2100
2100
2100
2125
2150
2150
2175
2175
2175
2200
2200
2200

2150
2150
2150
2175
2175
2175
2200
2225
2225
2250
2250
2250
2250
2275
2275

2225
2225
2225
2225
2250
2250
2275
2275
2300
2300
2325
2325
2325
2350
2350

2300
2300
2300
2300
2325
2325
2350
2350
2375
2375
2400
2400
2400
2425
2425

2009 American Concrete Pipe Association, all rights reserved.

Resource # 16-201 (Revised 07/09)

10

Fill Height Tables are based on:


D-Load (lb/ft/ft)
1. gs = 120 pcf
2. AASHTO HL-93 live load
3. Positive Projecting Embankment Condition this gives conservative results in comparison to trench conditions

for Type 2 Bedding

Class I
Class II
Class III

Class IV
Class V
Special Design

Fill Height (feet)


Pipe i.d.
(inches)

12
15
18
21
24
27

31
2425
2375
2350
2350
2350
2350

32
2500
2450
2425
2425
2425
2425

33
2575
2525
2500
2500
2500
2500

34
2650
2600
2575
2575
2575
2575

35
2725
2675
2650
2650
2650
2650

36
2800
2750
2725
2725
2725
2725

37
2875
2725
2800
2800
2800
2800

38
2950
2900
2875
2850
2875
2875

39
3050
2975
2950
2925
2950
2950

40
3125
3050
3025
3025
3025
3025

30
33
36
42
48
54
60
66
72
78
84
90
96
102
108

2350
2375
2375
2375
2375
2400
2400
2425
2450
2450
2450
2475
2475
2475
2500

2425
2450
2450
2450
2450
2475
2475
2500
2525
2525
2525
2550
2550
2550
2575

2500
2500
2525
2525
2525
2550
2550
2575
2600
2600
2600
2600
2625
2625
2650

2575
2575
2600
2600
2600
2625
2625
2650
2675
2675
2675
2675
2700
2700
2700

2650
2650
2675
2675
2675
2675
2700
2725
2725
2750
2750
2750
2775
2775
2775

2725
2725
2750
2750
2750
2750
2775
2800
2800
2825
2825
2825
2825
2850
2850

2800
2800
2825
2800
2825
2825
2850
2850
2875
2875
2900
2900
2900
2925
2925

2875
2875
2875
2875
2900
2900
2925
2925
2950
2950
2975
2975
2975
2975
3000

2950
2950
2950
2950
2950
2975
3000
3000
3025
3025
3025
3050
3050
3050
3075

3025
3025
3025
3025
3025
3050
3050
3075
3100
3100
3100
3125
3125
3125
3150

2009 American Concrete Pipe Association, all rights reserved.

Resource # 16-201 (Revised 07/09)

Fill Height Tables are based on:


D-Load (lb/ft/ft)
1. gs = 120 pcf
2. AASHTO HL-93 live load
3. Positive Projecting Embankment Condition this gives conservative results in comparison to trench conditions

Class I
Class II
Class III

for Type 3 Bedding

Class IV
Class V
Special Design

Fill Height (feet)


Pipe i.d.
(inches)

12
15
18
21
24
27
30
33
36
42
48
54
60
66
72
78
84
90
96
102
108

1
1735
1600
1475
1250
1075
1000
950
925
900
850
875
850
875
875
850
800
750
725
700
725
725

2
1100
1025
1000
950
925
900
875
825
775
700
700
725
750
775
800
775
750
750
750
750
725

3
875
850
825
800
775
775
775
750
750
750
700
700
700
700
700
750
775
775
775
775
800

4
800
775
775
750
750
750
750
750
750
750
750
750
750
750
750
775
775
800
825
825
825

5
800
775
775
750
750
750
750
750
775
775
775
800
800
800
825
825
850
850
875
875
900

6
850
825
825
825
825
825
825
825
825
825
825
850
850
875
900
900
900
925
925
950
950

7
900
875
875
875
850
875
875
875
875
900
900
925
925
950
975
975
975
1000
1000
1025
1050

8
975
950
925
925
925
925
950
950
950
975
975
1000
1000
1025
1050
1050
1075
1075
1100
1100
1125

9
1050
1025
1025
1025
1025
1025
1025
1025
1025
1050
1050
1075
1100
1100
1125
1125
1150
1150
1175
1200
1200

10
1125
1100
1100
1075
1075
1100
1100
1100
1125
1125
1150
1150
1175
1200
1200
1225
1225
1250
1250
1275
1275

11
1225
1200
1175
1175
1175
1175
1175
1200
1200
1200
1225
1250
1250
1275
1300
1300
1325
1325
1350
1350
1375

12
1300
1275
1250
1250
1250
1250
1275
1275
1275
1300
1300
1350
1350
1350
1375
1400
1400
1425
1425
1450
1450

2009 American Concrete Pipe Association, all rights reserved.

11

13
1400
1375
1375
1375
1375
1375
1375
1375
1375
1375
1400
1400
1425
1450
1475
1475
1500
1500
1525
1525
1550

14
1475
1450
1425
1425
1425
1425
1425
1450
1450
1475
1475
1500
1525
1550
1550
1575
1575
1600
1600
1625
1625

15
1575
1525
1525
1500
1500
1500
1525
1525
1550
1550
1575
1575
1600
1625
1650
1650
1675
1675
1700
1700
1725

Resource # 16-201 (Revised 07/09)

12

Fill Height Tables are based on:


D-Load (lb/ft/ft)
1. gs = 120 pcf
2. AASHTO HL-93 live load
3. Positive Projecting Embankment Condition this gives conservative results in comparison to trench conditions

Class I
Class II
Class III

for Type 3 Bedding

Class IV
Class V
Special Design

Fill Height (feet)


Pipe i.d.
(inches)

12
15
18
21
24
27
30
33
36
42
48
54
60
66
72
78
84
90
96
102
108

16
1675
1625
1600
1600
1600
1600
1600
1625
1625
1650
1650
1675
1700
1725
1750
1750
1750
1775
1775
1800
1825

17
1775
1725
1700
1675
1675
1700
1700
1700
1725
1725
1750
1775
1775
1800
1825
1850
1850
1875
1875
1900
1900

18
1850
1800
1775
1775
1775
1775
1775
1800
1800
1825
1825
1850
1875
1900
1925
1925
1950
1950
1975
1975
2000

19
1950
1900
1875
1875
1850
1875
1875
1875
1900
1900
1925
1950
1950
1975
2000
2025
2025
2050
2050
2075
2075

20
2050
2000
1975
1950
1950
1950
1950
1975
2000
2000
2025
2025
2050
2075
2100
2100
2125
2125
2150
2150
2175

21
2150
2075
2050
2050
2050
2050
2050
2075
2075
2100
2100
2125
2150
2175
2200
2200
2225
2225
2225
2250
2275

22
2225
2175
2150
2125
2125
2125
2150
2150
2175
2175
2200
2200
2225
2250
2275
2300
2300
2325
2325
2350
2350

23
2325
2275
2250
2225
2225
2225
2225
2250
2250
2275
2275
2300
2325
2350
2375
2375
2400
2400
2425
2425
2450

24
2425
2375
2325
2325
2300
2300
2325
2325
2350
2350
2375
2400
2425
2450
2475
2475
2475
2500
2500
2525
2525

25
2525
2450
2425
2400
2400
2400
2400
2425
2450
2450
2475
2475
2500
2525
2550
2575
2575
2600
2600
2600
2625

26
2625
2550
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2525
2525
2550
2550
2575
2600
2625
2650
2650
2675
2675
2700
2700
2725

27
2725
2650
2600
2575
2575
2575
2600
2600
2625
2625
2650
2675
2700
2725
2750
2750
2750
2775
2775
2800
2800

28
2825
2725
2700
2675
2675
2675
2675
2700
2725
2725
2725
2750
2775
2800
2825
2850
2850
2850
2875
2875
2900

2009 American Concrete Pipe Association, all rights reserved.

29
2900
2825
2800
2775
2750
2775
2775
2800
2800
2825
2825
2850
2875
2900
2925
2925
2950
2950
2975
2975
2975

30
3000
2925
2875
2850
2850
2850
2875
2875
2900
2900
2925
2950
2950
3000
3025
3025
3025
3050
3050
3075
3075

31
3100
3025
2975
2950
2950
2950
2950
2975
3000
3000
3000
3025
3050
3075
3100
3125
3125
3125
3150
3150
3175

32
3200
3125
3075
3050
3025
3025
3050
3050
3075
3100
3100
3125
3150
3175
3200
3200
3225
3225
3225
3250
3250

Resource # 16-201 (Revised 07/09)

Fill Height Tables are based on:


Class I
Class IV
D-Load (lb/ft/ft) for Type 4 Bedding
1. gs = 120 pcf
Class II
Class V
2. AASHTO HL-93 live load
Class
III
Special Design
3. Positive Projecting Embankment Condition this gives conservative results in comparison to trench conditions

Fill Height (feet)


Pipe i.d.
(inches)

12
15
18
21
24
27
30
33
36
42
48
54
60
66
72
78
84
90
96
102
108

1
2250
2100
1925
1625
1425
1275
1150
1050
975
925
950
950
950
975
950
900
875
850
825
850
850

2
1465
1375
1325
1275
1250
1200
1175
1075
1025
925
900
875
875
900
925
925
900
900
900
900
900

3
1225
1150
1125
1075
1075
1050
1025
1025
1025
1000
950
925
925
925
925
950
950
950
950
975
975

4
1150
1100
1075
1050
1025
1025
1025
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
975
1000
1000
1025
1025
1050
1050
1050
1075

5
1150
1125
1100
1075
1075
1050
1050
1050
1050
1050
1050
1050
1075
1075
1075
1100
1100
1125
1150
1150
1175

6
1225
1200
1175
1150
1125
1125
1125
1125
1125
1125
1125
1150
1150
1175
1175
1200
1200
1225
1250
1250
1275

7
1325
1275
1250
1250
1225
1225
1225
1225
1225
1225
1225
1250
1250
1275
1275
1300
1300
1325
1350
1350
1375

8
1450
1400
1375
1350
1325
1325
1325
1325
1325
1325
1325
1350
1350
1375
1375
1400
1425
1425
1450
1450
1475

9
1575
1525
1475
1450
1450
1450
1425
1425
1425
1425
1450
1450
1475
1475
1500
1500
1525
1550
1550
1575
1600

10
1700
1625
1600
1575
1575
1550
1550
1550
1550
1550
1550
1575
1575
1600
1600
1625
1650
1650
1675
1700
1700

11
1825
1775
1725
1700
1675
1675
1675
1675
1675
1675
1675
1675
1700
1700
1725
1750
1750
1775
1800
1800
1825

12
1975
1900
1850
1825
1800
1800
1800
1775
1775
1775
1800
1800
1825
1825
1950
1850
1875
1900
1900
1925
1950

2009 American Concrete Pipe Association, all rights reserved.

13

13
2100
2025
1975
1950
1925
1925
1925
1900
1900
1900
1900
1925
1925
1950
1950
1975
2000
2000
2025
2050
2050

14
2250
2175
2125
2075
2050
2050
2050
2025
2025
2025
2025
2050
2050
2075
2075
2100
2100
2125
2150
2150
2175

15
2375
2300
2250
2200
2200
2175
2175
2150
2150
2150
2150
2150
2175
2175
2200
2225
2225
2250
2250
2275
2300

Resource # 16-201 (Revised 07/09)

14

Fill Height Tables are based on:


D-Load (lb/ft/ft)
1. gs = 120 pcf
2. AASHTO HL-93 live load
3. Positive Projecting Embankment Condition this gives conservative results in comparison to trench conditions

for Type 4 Bedding

Class I
Class II
Class III

Class IV
Class V
Special Design

Fill Height (feet)


Pipe i.d.
(inches)

12
15
18
21
24
27
30
33
36
42
48
54
60
66
72
78
84
90
96
102
108

16
2525
2425
2375
2350
2325
2300
2300
2275
2275
2275
2275
2275
2300
2300
2325
2325
2350
2375
2375
2400
2425

17
2675
2575
2525
2475
2450
2425
2425
2400
2400
2400
2400
2400
2425
2425
2450
2450
2475
2475
2500
2525
2525

18
2800
2700
2650
2600
2575
2550
2550
2525
2525
2525
2525
2525
2525
2550
2550
2575
2600
2600
2625
2650
2650

19
2950
2850
2775
2750
2700
2675
2675
2650
2650
2650
2650
2650
2650
2675
2675
2700
2700
2725
2750
2750
2775

20
3100
3000
2925
2875
2725
2725
2800
2775
2775
2775
2775
2775
2775
2800
2800
2825
2825
2850
2875
2875
2900

21
3250
3125
3052
3000
2975
2950
2925
2925
2900
2900
2900
2900
2900
2925
2925
2950
2950
2975
2975
3000
3025

22
3400
3275
3200
3125
3100
3075
3050
3050
3025
3025
3025
3025
3025
3025
3050
3050
3075
3100
3100
3125
3150

2009 American Concrete Pipe Association, all rights reserved.

Resource # 16-201 (Revised 07/09)

The preceding fill height tables are based on a concrete pipe installed
in a positive projecting embankment installation with a soil unit weight
of 120 lbs/ft3 and HL-93 live load per the AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design
specifications at the surface. Pipe outside diameters were based on a wall C
thickness since the larger outside diameters would represent the highest soil
overburden load on the pipe. The required classes of pipe do not account
for construction loads or any other load induced on the pipe prior to its
completed installation, or live load in excess of HS 20.

Dimensions of Circular Concrete Pipe - Imperial Units


Wall B

Wall B

Wall C


Minimum Average Minimum Average Minimum Average

Internal Wall Weight Wall Weight Wall Weight

Diameter Thickness pounds Thickness pounds Thickness pounds
inches
inches
per foot
inches
per foot
inches
per foot

12 1-3/4
79 2
93 2-3/4
133
15 1-7/8 103 2-1/4 127 3
177
18 2
131 2-1/2 168 3-1/4
226
21 2-1/4 171 2-3/4 214 3-1/2
281
24 2-1/2 217 3
264 3-3/4
341
27 2-5/8 255 3-1/4 322 4
406
30 2-3/4 295 3-1/2 384 4-1/4
476
33 2-7/8 336 3-3/4 451 4-1/2
552
36 3
383 4
524 4-3/4
633
42 3-1/2 520 4-1/2 686 5-1/4
811
48 4
683 5
867 5-3/4
1011
54 4-1/2 864 5-1/2 1068 6-1/4 1232
60 5
1064 6
1295 6-3/4 1473
66 5-1/2 1287 6-1/2 1542 7-1/4
1735
72 6
1532 7
1811 7-3/4 2023
78 6-1/2 1797 7-1/2 2100 8-1/4 2329
84 7
2085 8
2409 8-3/4 2656
90 7-1/2 2395 8-1/2 2740 9-1/4 3004
96 8
2710 9
3090 9-3/4 3374

102 8-1/2 3078 9-1/2 3480 10-1/4 3765

108 9
3446 10
3865 10-3/4 4178

114 9-1/2 3840 10-1/2 4278 11-1/4 4611

120 10
4263 11
4716 11-3/4 5066

126 10-1/2 4690 11-1/2 5175 12-1/4 5542

132 11
5148 12
5655 12-3/4 6040

138 11-1/2 5627 12-1/2 6156 13-1/4 6558

144 12
6126 13
6679 13-3/4 7098

150 12-1/2 6647 13-1/2 7223 14-1/4 7659

156 13
7190 14
7789 14-3/4 8242

162 13-1/2 7754 14-1/2 8375 15-1/4 8846

168 14
8339 15
8983 15-3/4 9471

174 14-1/2 8945 15-1/2 9612 16-1/4 10,117

180 15
9572 16 10,263 16-3/4 10,785

Dimensions of Circular Concrete Pipe - Metric Units


Wall A

Wall C


Designated Actual Minimum Average Minimum Average

Internal
Internal Wall Weight Wall Weight

Diameter Diameter
Thickness kg/m Thickness kg/m
mm
mm
mm
mm

300
305
50
162
69
197

375 381 57 216 75 262

450 457 63 253 82 335
525
533
69
327
88
417
600
610
75
430
94
505

675 686 82 500
100 602
750
762
88
598
107
708

825 838 94 695
113 821
900
914
100
832
119
940
975
991
113
923
125
1090
1050
1067
117
1057
132
1207
1200
1219
125
1324
144
1504

1350 1372 138 1589 157 1829

1500 1524 150 1927 169 2192
1650
1676
163
2295
182
2582
1800
1829
175
2695
194
2998
1950
1981
188
3125
207
3457
2100
2134
200
3585
219
3943

2250 2286 213 4078 232 4460

2400 2438 225 4598 244 5009

2550 2591 238 5179 257 5595
2700
2743
250
5752
269
6202

3000 3048 279 6344 298 7521
3600
3658
330
8104
349 10,540

2009 American Concrete Pipe Association, all rights reserved.

15

Resource # 16-201 (Revised 07/09)

E-mail: info@concrete-pipe.org
www.concrete-pipe.org
Resource # 16-201 (07/09)