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ACIDS AND BASES UNIT TEST 2011

Mark: / 67 %

Part 1: Multiple choice section- circle the letter of the answer you choose. 1 mark each. Q1. A C The characteristic properties of an acid is due to the presence of: hydride ions. hydronium ions. B D hydrogen ions. hydroxide ions.

Q2. A

When a strongly acidic solution, known to have a pH of 1, is tested with Universal Indicator, the colour of the indicator should be: red. purple. B green. C yellow. D

Q3. A C

When hydrochloric acid is added to aluminium carbonate, one of the expected products would be: aluminium. chlorine. B D carbon dioxide. aluminium hydroxide.

Q4.

When an acid was added to a solid, a reaction occurred that produced a clear solution and a colourless gas. The gas popped when a lighted match was placed in the mouth of the test-tube. The solid must have been: magnesium. B hydrogen. marble. C a metal. D

Q5.

A person took a sample of swimming pool water to be tested and was advised to add some sodium bicarbonate to the water. The water in the pool must have been: 1

A too acidic. green. Q6.

too basic.

neutral.

slimy and

A student has a white powder that could be magnesium carbonate, magnesium hydroxide or magnesium oxide. He tries to identify the powder by adding sulfuric acid to some of the white powder. When this is done a colourless gas is evolved and a clear solution remains. The equation to represent this reaction could be: Mg + HSO MgSO + H MgCO + HSO MgSO + CO + HO Mg(OH) + HSO MgSO + 2HO MgO + HSO MgSO + HO

A B C D

Q7.
A C

A strong acid in solution is: mostly molecules. both molecules and ions. B D mostly ions. mostly water.

Q8. A C

The pH of a carbonated drink is: less than 7. equal to 7. B D more than 7. approximately 7.

Q9.

Choose the correct statement to complete this word equation: zinc + sulphuric acid

A C

zinc + sulphur + acid zinc sulphate + hydrogen D

zinc hydrate + sulphur

zinc hydroxide + hydrogen

Q10. Which of these foods will contain most acid? A C frozen peas pickled onions B rice pudding D chips 2

Part 2: Short answer questions -Write your answer in the space provided. Marks as indicated in brackets after the question. Q1. (9) Complete each of the following word equations:

a hydrochloric acid + sodium hydroxide _____________________________________________ b nitric acid + zinc _______________________________________________________________ c sulphuric acid + zinc oxide_______________________________________________________ d calcium carbonate + sulphuric acid ________________________________________________

Q2. (3) Acid

Complete the table by naming the acids and the salts they from. Salt

hydrochloric acid Sulphates Nitric acid

Q3. (3)

Complete the following table naming the missing colour and pH. pH of solution

Colour of universal indicator red

11 green

Q4. a Name the salt formed from the reaction of hydrochloric acid and potassium hydroxide. ___________________________________________________________________________(1) b Name this type of recation._____________________________________________________(1) c Explain how you could get the salt from the solution.

____________________________________________________________________________(2) d Name the acid and alkali needed to produce the salt sodium nitrate.

____________________________________________________________________________(2) Q5. Ben put a beaker weighing 50 g on a balance. He added 50 g of dilute hydrochloric acid and 2.5 g of calcium carbonate to the beaker. The total mass of the beaker and its contents was 102.5 g.

c a lc iu m c a r b o n a te
h y d r o c h lo r ic a c id

The word equation for the reaction which took place is: hydrochlori c acid + calcium carbonate calcium chloride + carbon dioxide + water

When the reaction stopped, the total mass had decreased from 102.5 g to 101.4 g. Some water had evaporated from the beaker. What else caused the drop in mass? ____________________________________________________________________________ (1)

Write balanced symbol equation for this reaction. ____________________________________________________________________________ (5)

Q6.

Carolyn took a sample of Compound A (a green powder) and added it t a Solution B (a colourless liquid which had no effect on red litmus paper but turned blue litmus red). She noticed a colourless gas C was produced, the resulting Solution D had no effect on red or blue litmus she filtered the mixture then heated solution D gently until crystals formed. She found she had made crystals of copper sulphate.

What does the litmus paper tell you about Solution B? ____________________________________________________________________________(1 )

b c d

Identify solution B._____________________________________________________________(1) What does the litmus tell you about solution D.______________________________________(1) Why was the Solution D filtered? ____________________________________________________________________________(1 )

Why was solution D heated? 5

____________________________________________________________________________(1 ) f g h What is the colourless gas C? ____________________________________________________(1) Identify (name) Solution D? ______________________________________________________(1) Describe in detail a test that would prove the presence of the gas you identified in f above? ______________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________(2 ) i Identify the compound A (the green powder? _______________________________________(1) j Write the word equation for this reaction. ____________________________________________________________________________(5 ) Q7. Asif wanted to find out whether the acid or the alkali was stronger. He put 5cm3 of alkali in a tube. He added acid 1cm3 at a time. Each time he added acid, he measured the pH of the solution. Volume of acid added (cm3) pH

His results are in the table.

Start (no acid) 10.5 1 2 3 4 10.5 10.0 9.5 7.5 5.0 4.0 3.5 3.5 6 3.0 3.0

Plot these results on the graph paper.

(4)

5 6 7 8 9 10

How much acid did Asif need to make the solution neutral? _______(1)

Which was stronger, the acid or the alkali?

(1)

________________________________________________________

Q8.

Molly put a piece of magnesium into a test-tube containing 20 cm3 of vinegar. She put another piece of magnesium into a test-tube containing 20 cm3 of dilute hydrochloric acid.

How would Molly be able to tell if a more vigorous reaction took place with hydrochloric acid rather than with vinegar? 7

______________________________________________________ (1) b How could she test for the gas produced in both test tubes.

______________________________________________________ (2) Q9. Decide whether these oxides are acidic or basic? (2) iron oxide______________________________________ carbon dioxide__________________________________ Q10. a Why is normal rain slightly acididc?

____________________________________________________________________________(1) b (1) c Name an effect acid rain has on humans. Name a compound that makes rain more acidic? _____________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________(1)