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Thursday 15.11.

12 y

Power to the people

Can Kickstarter spark a crowdfunding revolution in the UK?

Gangnam Style

Suzanne Moore
I feel sorry for Nadine

Homemade cheese
Move over Alex James

Pop art
When artists make music

The Hour
John Craces verdict

Not another one



Can anyone ne kill Gangnam am Style?

angnam Style (the vide e video eo thats taken the oh, you yo ou know what it is) is meant meant to be dead. Several times over. ver. According to Time magazine, zine e, Gangnam rst died in October, er, when Googles Eric Schmidt wa was as snapped jiving to the pop smash. ash. Sure Schmidt is a strategic genius behind the worlds most st t important internet company, noted Time, but he also dresses es like your dad. So the minute the e lanky 57-year-old software engineer busted a move, we fear ar Gangnam Style jumped the shark. Then came CNN, which h wrote Gangnams obituary a fortnight later. I hereby declare, declared CNNs Jarrett Bellini, October 12, 2012, as the day Gangnam Style died. But reports of its death were greatly exaggerated. Since Schmidts eort, Boris Johnson has laid claim to the video, as have the boys of Eton. And Madonna. And Ban Ki-moon. And, just yesterday, Anish Kapoor. Every time a posho or politician

Movers and shakers: Piers Morgan, Ryan Gosling and Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall

referenced the video, Gangnam sprang back to life Lazarus-like from the cyber-graveyard where all memes go to die (thats Rebecca Black over by the mausoleum; Downfalls by the church wall). No one, it seems, can stunt the

popularity of Gangnam Style. Not even David Cameron, whose love for northern indie has ruined The Smiths for a generation of Mancunians, but whose association with Gangnam has only seemed to boost its popularity. For the time being, it is the cringe-proof

meme, the zombie meme, the meme that knows no shame. Quite possibly, it will be danced by grannies at weddings in 2030 the 21st-century equivalent of the conga line; the new macarena. So can anyone kill Gangnam? In days gone by, you would have plonked the Duchess of Cornwall in front of the camera, and left her to it. But if The Killing can survive Camillas touting of Sarah Lunds jumper, you sense Gangnam could deal with the Duchess prancing around like a horseless rider. Piers Morgan, too. His every movement drips with cringe, but his strong Twitter following would at the least give Gangnam another million views. Donald Trump, George Osborne, and Rebekah Brooks are other obvious candidates. But even then, one senses Gangnams Teon nature would carry the song. It is like a virus that is immune to antibiotics: the lamer its company, the cooler it becomes. So perhaps we need the opposite: someone who, like Gangnam, remains genuinely popular. Someone who, if placed in the same room as Gangnam, might burst the meme mainframe, disrupt the space-time continuum. Someone like Ryan Gosling. Oppa Gosling Style the meme to end all memes. Quite literally, I hope. Patrick Kingsley

Public transport

Are third-class carriages set for a comeback?

t sounds as if it could be the ideal solution for George Osborne. The chancellor was recently accused of sitting in a rst-class train carriage, but only wanting to pay for a standard ticket. He may soon have another option, if three classes of carriage return to British trains.

According to information revealed in the House of Lords last week, train operators can propose the introduction of a third passenger class under the current franchising agreement. Labour minister Lord Myners was reported to be outraged, suggesting this meant: There could be a cattle-class carriage at the back. The Department for Transport insists this is misleading. The third class being talked about would slot between rst and standard class, it says, similar to the premium economy oered by some airlines or Eurostar. The three classes of rail ticket

began to disappear in the late 19th century, when Midlands Railway realised it couldnt compete with its rivals because its trains took a slow, circuitous route, explains Russell Hollowood at the National Railway Museum. So it called its railway The comfortable way to travel, and scrapped secondclass tickets, eectively giving third-class customers an upgrade. In the 1950s, third class was renamed second class, nally becoming standard class in the 60s. But one thing hasnt changed, he notes: Most people have always travelled third class. Homa Khaleeli

Shorter cuts
2 The Guardian 15.11.12

Plate envy
MasterChef: The Professionals makes anything you cook look pitiful. Tip: eat beforehand and move on.

Face it
Dont like the new Facebook couples pages? You could leave Facebook. Or your partner. Its a tough call, this one.

David Petraeus with Paula Broadwel l in Afghanistan in July this year

Homeland security

Quiz: how well do you know the Petraeus aair?

1. David Petraeus allegedly had an aair with Paula Broadwell, the woman who wrote his biography. What part of that sentence is inaccurate? a) Allegedly. b) Wrote his biography. Someone else wrote it, even though Broadwells name is prominently on the cover. She did the research. The undercover research, fnar fnar Oh, do stop it. c) Broadwell give me a break, what kind of phoney name is that for a mistress? What is this, a Dashiell Hammett screenplay? 2. How did Jon Stewart, who interviewed Broadwell earlier this year, sum up her attitude towards Petraeus? a) Hes great in the sack. b) Hes fabulously indiscreet. et. You should hear the things he r says about the president resident whoa, baby! c) Hes covered in a thick coat of awesome some sauce. 3. How did one Denver news show w accidentally retitle e Broadwells biography of Petraeus, All In? a) All in Bed Together her b) All Up in My Snatch tch c) Yes, I am Totally Shagging Him 4. Which computer game, which went on sale this week, features Petraeus? a) Call of Duty: Black Ops II b) Call of Libido: Big Oops III c) Self-Destruct General: Male Cliche IV 5. What insider information did Petraeus possibly pass on to Broadwell, who then announced it last month? a) Obama has terrible breath. b) Joe Biden is a bit of a schmuck. But hes an amazing dancer! c) The attack on the American consulate in B Benghazi happened because the C was holding CIA because militia prisoners next door. prisone 6. What else did Jill Kelley get up to in between sending a gazillion sen emails and working em the Tampa social th circuit? ci a) She ogged jewellery for the jew QVC channel under the brand name unde Social Climber. b) She and her husband Sh founded a charity allegedly for cancer research and patients, but instead allegedly spent all the money on parties, entertainment, travel and attorney fees before going out of business. c) She worked as a Cher (the early years) impersonator. Hadley Freeman Answers: 1b; 2c; 3b; 4a; 5c; 6b.

Pass notes No 3,282 Cossacks

Age: Between 600 and 700 years old. As a group. Not individually. That would be crazy. Theyre not giant redwoods. Appearance: Ukrainian and Russian. Cossacks! How dare you! Cossacks! Youre going to tell me about Cossacks. Oh, yes, I see. Sorry, my hearings a bit Anyway, yes, the ercest ghting force Russia has ever known, the maverick cavalry who helped to thwart Napoleons invasion of Russia in 1812, the mysterious loners who carve lives for themselves in the bleak and unforgiving steppes and tell the Russian winter to come and have a go, if it thinks its hard enough are in the news. Cor! Why? Is Putin planning to invade Poland? Or are they just going to have some kind of bare-knuckle ght to entertain the peasants? Or a wolf-killing contest a lupus-o ? None of the above. Boo! 600 Cossacks are going to start patrolling the streets of Moscow On horseback, lling the air with the crack of their rawhide whips, slashing with their sabres, thrusting with their lances at any members of the populace with rebellion in their hearts. How gloriously retro. Actually, they will be helping the police deal with the gobby teenagers, instances of bad parking and the illegal street vendors of mobiles, craysh and sunglasses that are cluttering the capitals thoroughfares. NFW, dude! And they will be doing it on foot or travelling by bus with free passes. Its a bit of a comedown from advancing Mother Russia from the steppes of central Asia to the highest peaks of the Caucuses and harrying the Grande Arme to kicking unsightly seafood carts o the streets, isnt it? I wonder they stand for it. Well, they will also get the chance to do a bit of harrying. Mostly, many fear, of the various ethnic groups especially Muslims who live in Russia and whose presence is an aront to the nationalistic beliefs of the Cossacks. Watch this leather-booted, fur-hatted, scarletblazoned-trousered space then. Do. Do say: (Like Napoleon) Cossacks are the best light troops among all that exist. If I had them in my army, I would go through all the world with them. Dont say: But for now, could you just ticket that Skoda? Its double-parked.


1 in 2,700
UK searches this week have included the word Twilight

Source: hitwise.com/uk


On the nail
You can rent DVDs, handbags, books and now ... posh nail polish (at lacquerous. com). Picturing congealed lids and grotty brushes.

Omnishambles (as per The Thick of It), omniscandals, Corbyshambles. Starting to get a bit fed up with this. Soon Omni is going to eat itself (omniverously)

No go
David Cameron says he is completely fed up that Abu Qatada has been freed. Bit like losing ng the remote control? l?

15.11.12 The Guardian 3

Suzanne Moore
By going on Im A Celebrity, Nadine Dorries has conrmed how deluded she is. But I cant help feeling sorry for her


n the words of the great Chuck Berry: Nadine, honey, is that you? Wolng down ostrich anus in the jungle in an attempt to bring politics to where the people are? Of course! Nadine Dorries the suspended member for Mid Bedfordshire titter ye not has not yet achieved her stated aim of encouraging a discussion about abortion or the nasty Lib Dems while emptying the dunny. She has instead been buried alive and had a load of maggots and cockroaches dropped on her. Thats the punitive nature of Im a Celeb, a show whose title could be done under the Trades Description Act. If only George Entwistle did a bushtucker trial, the payout would be forgiven. Dorries has proved herself bossy, lacking in self-awareness, with an aversion to posh boys, cringing every time the random to Hugo from Made in Chelsea speaks. If Mad Nad wants to boil the life out of asparagus, step aside. In some ways Dorries has achieved her aim. She is on the front pages. But she has bitten o more than she can chew and I dont mean by gulping down a testicle. While she talks of her balls of steel, she looks vulnerable, nervous and incapable of reading the situation she has chosen to put herself in. With petitions to recall her, this looks like the end of her time as an MP. Many in her own party will be relieved. Conservative commentators wanted her stripped of the whip in 2010 when the MPs Standards watchdog criticised her blog, which was misleading about the amount of time she spent in her constituency. Dorries defended herself infamously: My blog is 70% ction and 30% fact. It is written as a tool to enable my constituents to know me better and er to reassure them of my commitment to Mid Bedfordshire. And what better way of showing howing your commitment than taking a month o to go to Australia to eat worms? Fact and ction turn out to be slippery y creatures in Nadine World, though she hates ates anyone who contradicts her or even disagrees grees with her. Other people are a challenge. She he looks at Helen Flanagan, the boobs-ona-stick, screaming child-woman as she looked at a baked spider she was about to o tear the leg o. What is incredible about Dorries is her self-belief in the face of disaster. Taking charge of the boat in the swamp, the boat sunk. We already know about her way with people. In Tower Block of Commons, another reality show, she was alleged to have hidden 50 down

Fact and fiction turn out to be slippery creatures in Nadine World

e jungle: Lost in th Im A n Dorries o lebrity Ce

her bra and to be handing out Temazepam like Smarties. She denied that, but if she had it would at least have been useful. She has been economic with the truth about her home in South Africa and accused of being a homewrecker because of an aair with a family friend. Her personal life would not be relevant if she did not push her Christian beliefs on to us but she does: I am not an MP for any reason other than because God wants me to be. Her attempts to tamper with abortion and introduce abstinence into sex education stem from this. Far from being the maverick, Dorriess antiwomen, faith-based agenda is familiar to her party. Look at Ann Widdecombe. These kind of Tory women hate any suggestion of women-only shortlists and jostle with the men for sheer misogyny. Remember national treasure Widdecombe once suggested that female prisoners should be shackled while giving birth. These women are then subject to prejudice themselves, but its hard to feel sisterly towards those who have internalised such woman-hating attitudes. When I heavily criticised Dorries in the past, she wrote of me on her blog: She appears to exist in a fantasy world of her own creation. I dont know whether this is the fact or ction bit but I can see massive projection here. For it is Dorriess world that is largely self-created, sustained by constant conict, in which she presents herself as battling on every front, pursuing dire, faith-based policies, not evidence-based ones. Her political narcissism for indeed she is attractive is the problem, as it blinds her to the way she cannot escape her gender. While she can attack the posh boys on a class basis, when she was publicly humiliated by Cameron in the House of Commons (I know Camero the Honourable Lady is extremely frustrated), Hon Dorries could only write that this would be perceived to be sexist. These lone Tory women perceiv are in de denial about gender politics. So in the jungle Dorries may be chewing gonads but she is losing the battle of the swimsuit next to a Pussycat Doll half her age. swimsu These are the rules by which she has agreed to p play, and which she reinforces with every daft da utterance and anti-women policy. It is hard to feel sorry for her. But I do. The T idea of the posh boys laughing at her turns my stomach as much as the idea of eating a witchety grub. But then the delusions of Dorries are manifold. She will call this a win whatever happens for it is the end of Nadine the politician and the beginning of Nadine the personality. Be afraid, be very afraid.

This week After being sent some suspect pictures, I have only just realised what Movember is. Sorry, but its vile. Can we not just argue that healthcare should be funded for all?
15.11.12 The Guardian 5

Amount raised via Kickstarter to develop a watch that can wirelessly connect with a smartphone

Number of Kickstarter Numbe projects that dont projec receive a single pledge rece

Hand i
Amount David Fincher was seeking for his animated lm The Goon

Got a bright idea for a lm, a comic or even a hi-tech watch? For many, crowdfunding site
ime was, in the olden days, that in order to create a video game, or fund a lm or album, or make a comic, you needed a generous and deep-pocketed patron, or a corporation behind you which thought there was something prot, in other words in it for them. There might have even been a grant from an arts body somewhere. Remember them? Crowdfunding, where large numbers of people donate small sums of money to a project, has changed that. Kickstarter is not the rst online funding site for creative projects ArtistShare was launched in 2003 to enable musicians to bypass record labels, and was followed by other sites such as IndieGogo but it has gained the most traction and attention. Since the site launched in April 2009, more than 2.5 million people have helped to successfully back more than 30,000 creative projects. It has helped fund Oscar-nominated short lms and put new products on the market. Earlier this year, the creators of a watch that can wirelessly connect to a smartphone raised more than $10m (6m) on the site after being turned down by traditional investors. The singer Amanda Palmer raised $1.2m (745,000) to record her album and tour; this week, the lm director David Fincher reached his goal to fund part of an animated lm. In October, a role-playing game developer raised nearly $4m (2.5m) from more than 73,000 backers. The site estimates that around 10% of the lms accepted into the Sundance and Tribeca lm festivals this year were funded by Kickstarter. Until recently, British projects have been hosted on the site, but the funds have needed to go through a US bank account and so they needed a US resident as a co-creator. Two weeks ago, the site launched properly in the UK, and in the rst week, 171 projects were put on the site, raising more than 500,000. From the beginning, the philosophy and the motivation behind this has been to be a platform for people to create things and put more art and creative work out into the world, says Yancey Strickler, head of community and one of the sites three co-founders. The economy for funding creativity is one that is driven by prot and there really isnt a lot of space for people who want to make art for arts sake. Each project is judged solely by its own ambitions and not by the ambitions of gatekeepers or the broader market. Its communities of individuals deciding what they want to see exist. Projects are chosen, he says, according to the rules of the site. It has to have a nite goal. Its not open-ended, its not funding a career; its making a record or a lm. There are things we dont allow, such as a lot of producttype things. They have to t one of the 13 creative categories, which include art, technology, dance, lm, music and food (the site has helped fund new food products and pop-up restaurants). There is a time limit if the creators dont reach their goal, money is returned to the backers. If they do reach their goal, backers are given rewards anything from an executive producer credit on a lm to rst copies of a comic. Launching a project is far from a guaranteed success less than half of the Kickstarter projects reach their funding goal, and around 12% dont receive a single pledge. For those projects that are wildly successful and far exceed their target, it brings new problems as creators are left fullling a far larger number of orders for a product than they expected. According to a study of design and technology projects on Kickstarter by Ethan Mollick, a professor at the University of Pennsylvania, only a quarter delivered their rewards on time. The famous Pebble watch has missed its delivery deadline, and last weekend its creators admitted it still hadnt even gone into mass production. Because many of the tech products funded by the site do not exist the point of the funding is to create them and bring them to market Kickstarter has been criticised for selling a hypothetical future product that may never materialise. For artists, there is a danger that backers expecting a nished product can put pressure on the creative process. People who funded one musician, Josh Dibb from Animal Collective, to go on a trip to Mali in 2009 have complained they have not received their side of the

A still from David Finchers animated lm The Goon

The philosophy behind this is to put more art and creative work out into the world

6 The Guardian 15.11.12

Number of people since 2009 who have funded successful Kickstarter projects

it over!
Proportion of lms accepted into the Sundance and Tribeca lm festivals this year that were funded by Kickstarter

Kickstarter could be the answer and now its coming to the UK. Emine Saner reports
deal photographs and a CD of music inspired by the trip; Dibb has said he wasnt happy with the music he wrote. The ipside of fans becoming directly involved in the funding of a project is that they rightly have an interest in where and how the money is spent. Amanda Palmer posted a breakdown of how the money she raised would be spent, and some people criticised her for the amount allocated to pay o debts ($250,000) and produce art books for backers. She faced further criticism after, having raised more than 10 times what she had asked for in the rst place, she asked local musicians to play with her band for free on her tour (she soon agreed to pay them). Creators, and the site, are clearly still feeling their way through the implications of crowdfunding (in September, for instance, Kickstarter introduced new guidelines for design and technology projects to avoid disappointed backers. The internet has created the opportunity for people to express what they want and Kickstarter gives them the tool to follow it through, says Strickler. When Im supporting some band [through the site] I love, Im not shopping in the record store, Im creating alongside them. I get to see the thing happen and be part of the process and know that I made a contribution. I think the emotional resonance that comes with that is huge. Here are some of the projects that reached their funding goals. How was it for them?

The RoboCop statue

Brandon Walley, 35 Community arts developer, Detroit

The statue of RoboCop that is due to be erected in Detroit came about through several of the internets giants: it began on Twitter, moved to Facebook, and ended on Kickstarter. Early last year, the mayor of Detroit, Dave Bing, sought suggestions on Twitter for how to help regenerate the city. Someone responded and said Detroit needed a RoboCop statue because Philadelphia had a Rocky one, says Brandon Walley of y the community arts project ct Imagination Station. The e mayor thanked them for their comment and said there were no plans to do that, which is unders standable the city shouldnt invest uldnt precious resources into something like that but it got some attention me and started to go a little viral online. A friend put up a Facebook page with ook the title Detroit needs a RoboCop statue, and within 24 hours it had a few thousand fans. Walley, who had worked on a rked number of community arts projects, some of them crowdfunded, agreed nded, and the non-prot arts organisation he works for thought maybe this was crazy be enough to work. We worked out it orked would cost around $50,000 to build a 000 statue between seven and 10-feet tall. nd

The people of Detroit raised 41,500 to erect a 10ft statue to RoboCop

There was a lot of momentum between the Facebook page and Kickstarter page, and we reached the amount on the sixth day of a 45-day campaign. In March 2011, they raised more than $67,000 (41,500) from more than 2,700 people. Why does he think people donated to this project? I think there are dierent layers. It hit the sweet spot for a lot of people RoboCop is a cult classic. Theres a really strong passion for it. In the lm, set in the near future, Detroit is portrayed as a place that has suered decay and decline; in real life, that is also true, though the city is regenerating. There is a lot happening in Detroit, and I think there is a pl place for the arts even something as potentially silly som as a RoboCop statue. He admits some people in the H city were against the idea. There was concern: Is this important? or W What sort of image does it portray? There was a lot of working portr and talking to the community to make talk sure ever everything went down as well as possible. It took a lot of conversation and dialogue between dierent views. dialo They might still think its silly but they mi realise it not some bad thing where its RoboCop is oppressing the people, or RoboCo something like that. someth It wa wasnt the only challenge. We naively thought that we would just get some foundry to knock it out quickly, fo says Walley, but instead he had to deal W with insurance, nd a suitable site in and navigate copyright issues na

15.11.12 The Guardian 7


Some of the new British projects on Kickstarter seeking funding: Picade A self-assembly kit to turn your Raspberry Pi into an arcade game the rst UK project to be approved. Project Memory Artist Graham Johnson will draw your memories on to canvas. Juliet and the Shrink Six-part comedy series set in a telesales oce in Brighton.

with MGM. The studio put him in touch with Fred Barton, who already makes licensed lifesize RoboCop statues, which will be enlarged by another company using 3D scans, before the 10ft statue is eventually created by a Detroit-based foundry. It should be ready early next year, says Walley. Were pretty much sure where it will be [sited], but were not announcing it yet because something could fall through and were still exploring avenues until the statue is done. Without crowdfunding, Walley says this project wouldnt have happened. This is the sort of thing where people can put in $5 or $100. I dont see a corporation investing in something like this, and theres no way the city government should spend money on it. Does he think there is an issue with people from around the world helping to make local decisions? I feel that, ultimately, the responsibility behind anything dealing with ethics rests mainly with the creators of the project. Internationally, it was an opportunity to show that Detroit is a great place to live with tons of creativity and potential unfortunately, these facts often get lost with the majority of press about Detroit exploiting the negative. Locally, we had to express that our intent is not to make fun of Detroit, and that we see the RoboCop statue as a positive that can, in a small way, help with the rebuilding and re-imaging of the city. That doesnt mean everyone will agree, but thats OK as long as we express our intentions that this isnt some ironic hipster statement. Will it bring people to the city? Theres a lot of interest from Peter Weller, who played RoboCop. There are backers from all around the world, and people want to come to Detroit when its up to see it.

Paper jewellery
Hanhsi Chen, 28 Product designer, London

Hanhsi Chen and his business partner, Yookyung Shin, met as students on the Royal College of Arts product design course and set up their company, LogicalArt. Their rst project together, creating memory sticks made from stainless steel and Perspex, was a small one but they learned a lot mainly how long it took to fund, develop and produce and to make back the money they had put into it. We wanted this to be quicker, says Chen. He is alone in his studio the living room of a block of ats in west London because Shin is in South Korea, visiting manufacturers. They came up with the idea of creating sculptural jewellery, made from elaborate patterns cut from paper known as Air Tattoos. Originally, we wanted the material to be leather or silicone, and in the end we came across a special paper and its quite strong and waterproof. Shin drew the patterns and they made up samples. We showed friends and other designers to get some feedback, and people really liked it, but we had cashow problems. Kickstarter was mentioned by friends who had bought products from the site often people who pledge money for a particular project receive a nished article, whether its a product or a book or a DVD. What helped, says Chen, is seeing the market response before you even make the pieces, which helps with decisions such as: Should I make 2,000 or 400? At that time, we calculated the cost of the tooling for four necklace designs, and the minimum

Good and Proper tea Emilie Holmes wants to set up a mobile tea van (a converted 1974 Citron van) serving quality and unusual tea. The Fitzroy Comedy feature lm set on a beached submarine in a post-apocalyptic 1950s Margate.

order for the paper, and a little bit of the manufacturing fee. If we reached that, we thought at least we could aord to do this project without losing any money. They launched their Kickstarter page in August, one of the handful of UK-based projects on the site back then, with a target of raising $4,000 (2,500); by September, they had raised nearly $18,000 (11,000). Backers donated between $3 (they receive a PDF of their bracelet design to print and cut out themselves) to $165, for which they will receive three of each of the four nished necklaces. Chen estimates he will be sending out around 1,000 necklaces to his backers. Of the money they raise, Kickstarter takes 5% (Amazon, which processes the payments, takes another cut). Is this fair? Chen thinks it is. If we were selling through a retailer, they would take a much bigger cut, he says. He thinks they should be able to make around 2,000 necklaces, which they plan to sell for around 15 each. Then they will start thinking about their next project. Will they use Kickstarter to fund it? Probably. I think its a good platform for new designers.

The digital comic

Janine Naimoli Frederick, 33 Comic writer, New Jersey

Clockwise from top left: Logical Arts Air Tattoo paper jewellery; Incident in New Baghgdad; a frame from Quandary

Later this month, the rst of Janine Naimoli Fredericks nine-part comic series Quandary will be released. Its set in New York in 2032, under a police state, and Frederick says its a little bit Orwells Nineteen Eighty-Four, a little bit Occupy movement. There is one event that takes place at the beginning and it leads to other events that change the status quo, she says on the phone. I was reluctant [to use Kickstarter] at rst because I hate asking people for money, she says. I wanted to save up the cash, do it myself, but I got to the point where if I kept going at the rate

8 The Guardian 15.11.12

enough on the project today? Do I need to take a day o as a vacation day to work on it? Its that pressure that keeps me going.

Westminster digested By John Crace

The lm about Iraq

James Spione, 51 Film-maker, New York

I was going, I would never be able to aord to do it because every time I had the money something would happen my car would break, my house would break. Frederick launched her funding page in June, seeking $2,500 (1,500); when it closed in August, 140 backers had pledged more than $3,000. Probably a third of them came in just via the Kickstarter site. Another third came from people I know personally. The other third came from a grassroots eort to raise awareness Facebook, Twitter, podcast interviews, local events, talking to people everywhere I went. If I was in the grocery store, I would get into conversation with anybody. The awareness it created alone has been huge, which is awesome. It makes me believe that I have something people are interested in and when it does launch, people will be excited. Kickstarter has successfully funded nearly 800 comics projects, and earlier this year, the US trade publication Publishers Weekly put the site fourth behind Marvel, DC and Image in a ranking of graphic novel publishers. One author and illustrator, Rich Burlew, raised more than $1.2m (745,000) through Kickstarter to reprint a book from his Order of the Stick series. Frederick has been writing comics for three years in her spare time from her day job as a web developer for a university. I knew I was unknown in the comic industry but I thought if I could market it properly and had a good enough idea, I could probably make it work. Even though it was funded to be a digital-only comic, there are still costs associated. Although she is writing the series, she is paying artists to draw it; then there are ISBN numbers to pay for and digital distribution. Does Frederick nd her creativity is stied, knowing there are 140 people out there who pledged money and are waiting for their rst issue? She insists it isnt. I actually appreciate the pressure and it keeps me on my toes: Did I do

Last year, Incident in New Baghdad, the documentary James Spione made featuring the account of Ethan McCord, a soldier on the scene of the 2007 airstrike that would become one of the most controversial of the Iraq war, was already gaining recognition on the festival circuit, winning best short documentary at the Tribeca lm festival, but the independent lm-maker had his eye on a bigger prize an Academy Award nomination. For that I needed to do a theatrical screening run either in New York or LA, he says, over Skype, and I needed a budget for that. Spione worked out it would cost around $8,000 (5,000). I set three weeks to achieve the goal, but I ended up hitting it within a day and a half. It was kind of amazing and, actually, my biggest funder was in the UK. Everything used to feel very linear, [but with crowdfunding] your audience almost feels like your co-makers. They are invested in it not just in terms of money, but in commitment to what youre doing in the way an ordinary fan used to be. So now youve got a couple of hundred PR and marketing people out there who, when that lm is done, are going to have a personal connection and help spread the word. Its value goes beyond the money. Spiones 22-minute documentary examines what happened in 2007 when a number of people, mainly civilians including two Reuters employees, were killed and two children were wounded, in a US helicopter airstrike. It received an Oscar nomination at this years Academy Awards, and although it didnt win, this was enough to focus more attention on the lm and the incident. Could he have achieved that nomination without crowdfunding? It would have been harder, he says. I would have had to borrow money. This was also a very short turnaround. Raising money through conventional sources can take a lot of time and I had a couple of weeks. I decided in August that I was going to do this, and I knew it had to play sometime in September, so it had to happen quickly. Without Kickstarter, I might have thought it would be too daunting.

Clegg: Please can I have a word, Daddy? Cameron: Shut up. Im on the phone. Clegg: But I want to talk to you about my idea about extending paternity leave. Cameron: Why on earth would I want to spend a minute longer with you than strictly necessary, Cleggster? Clegg: I know you dont really mean that! Cameron: Hello? Hello? Useless bloody phone. Ive been stuck on hold for ages. Ah, there you are! Id like to vote for Nadine Dorries in the bushtucker trial. Osborne: Top stu, Cams! Ive already voted for the oikette seven times. Ive got my phone on permanent redial! Cameron: That explains why the governor of the Bank of England called me instead. Hes now worried we are heading for a triple-dip recession. Osborne: Is that a good or bad thing? Cameron: Dont ask me. I thought youd know. But he did wonder what you were planning to do about fuel duty. Osborne: Im going to do absolutely nothing because the Labour proles are calling on me to do something. Then, when enough time has passed for it not to look as if I am responding to Labours m demands, Im going to do something. demands, m Cameron: Any idea what? An Osborne: Delay it a few weeks, perhaps? Del Cameron: What dierence will that make? Wh Osborne: Bugger all, except it will Bu make it look as if we care about old and poor people at Christmas. Cameron: Let them eat stags liver Osborne: More than you did, you big, fat wuss. wuss Cameron: Less of the big and fat Cameron Osborne: I saw the photos of you at Osborne the Mansion House dinner. Ma Cameron: That was just an Came unfortunate angle unfo Everyone: As was your suggestion Eve that the bankers were all bloody tha good chaps go Cameron: Be quiet. The important Ca election results are coming through. el Hague: Im afraid weve already H written o Corby, my liege. And it w looks as if only 63 people in the lo country have voted for the police co commissioners. c Cameron: No, no, no. The big one. C Yes! Weve won by a landslide. Dorries Ye gets to eat cockroach. g Everyone: Another stunning victory E for democracy. f

15.11.12 The Guardian 9

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Tue-Sat 7.30, Wed, Sat & Sun 2.30 For Group/Education rates call 08448717644 / Disney 02078450949

Notes & Queries


Is it time to feed polar bears with penguins?

Regarding the plight of polar bears with their ever-diminishing food supply, has anyone thought about relocating penguins from south to north? It seems ecologically a sound move. I have heard this question phrased in terms of polar bears being located to the south pole but I believe the aw in the plan is the same. Penguins have not evolved to deal with big predators and so would be easy prey. The polar bear population would increase as a result of this, but as the penguins failed to sustain their numbers there would be a subsequent food shortage and crash in bear numbers. Rebecca Linton, Leicester I was told when I was in the Antarctic that someone did try to introduce penguins to the Arctic during the late 19th or early 20th century. They did not breed successfully because of predation of nests by arctic foxes, mink, arctic stoats, wolves and predatory birds such as skuas, and died out after a few years. Penguins are not restricted to the Antarctic in fact there are tropical penguin species. However, the large penguins in the Antarctic would make a perfectly good meal for a polar bear, if they could catch them. Alexandria Ninety-nine per cent of species that have ever existed are now extinct, and that is usually due to a change in environment. It will happen to the polar bears one day, and to the

penguins as well. The value in postponing their extinction is debatable, but the eort seems to keep some people happy, and they are very cute. The advantage humans have is that we are able to alter our environment and harness it, so theres hope for us yet if we ever pull our ngers out. OllyWinkles When the ice in the Arctic melts, there will be open water. Better to relocate the polar bears to the Antarctic! Porthos

Hawkwind had only one hit single, in 1972, but are still going strong. Is there any other artistically viable band who have carried on for so long on so little chart success? Andrew Lock, London SE4 As I dont understand quantum physics, does it matter that I also dont believe in it? Di Cousens, Melbourne, Australia Send questions and answers to nq@guardian.co.uk or online at guardian.co.uk/ theguardian/series/ notes-and-queries. Please include name, address and phone number.

gradually became correct and spread throughout the UK, leaving thou to survive only in regional dialects. Why didnt this happen in other European countries? It seems to be due to the anxiety of the British middle class, for whom being seen to be correct was more important than showing friendliness to social inferiors, or aection even towards their own children. Formality became a way of avoiding intimacy and the universal you enabled people to do this in every sentence they spoke. Laurie Smith, Carshalton, Surrey

How the middle class gave up on thou

Most European languages dierentiate between the familiar thou/tu and formal you/vous. When did English stop doing this and why? It happened because of the rapid rise of the worlds rst substantial middle class in towns and cities during the 18th century. Well-o families milies previously lived in small communities mmunities with servants, employees and shopd keepers who had often served d them for generations and were re addressed as thou. Moving to towns and cities s required middle-class families to es employ servants obtained from agenom cies or by advertisement or recommenecommendation whom they didnt know previow ously and expected to be addressed as dressed you. Nursemaids and governesses rnesses were employed on the same basis and addressed the children as you, at least u, in their parents presence. The habit of calling everyone you one

Questions that cannot be answered

Are there more questions than answers? Of course there are more questions than answers. For there to be an answer there must, de facto, be a question. But that is certainly not true the other way around for example, what predated the big bang? Or how does a teaspoon always manage to jump back into the washing up bowl when I am emptying the water? Golightly I would have thought N&Q was convincing proof that most questions have more than one answer. Therefore, I would expect there to be more answers than questions, even though we know (thanks to Gdel) there are some questions for which there is no answer. ThermoStat Yes, and no. So no it is. MrCholmondleyWarner


Feeding time polar bear

15.11.12 The Guardian 11


before the top browns. Adding the cheese sauce hot gets round this: the top will bubble and brown in minutes, before the cauliower has time to soften any further.

How to make the perfect Cauliower cheese

Felicity Cloake
Despite being often touted as a side dish, a bubbling bowl of cauliower cheese makes a ne supper in its own right. Forget the mushy, faintly sulphurous stu of school dinners: this is bliss in a dish.

Serves 4 1l milk 1 clove onion 1 bay leaf 75g butter 50g plain our 1 medium cauliower, cut into orets 4 slices white bread, crumbed 100g Lancashire cheese, grated 75ml double cream bechamel with single cream, to loosen the sauce, for a richer nish. Not to be outdone, Slater adds double cream. I prefer the thicker double cream. Its not a lot 4tbsp to a litre of milk, but it gives a subtle richness. Nutmeg, grated, to taste 25g cheddar, grated Put the milk in a small pan and poke the clove into the onion. Add this, a pinch of salt and the bay leaf to the milk and heat gently to a simmer. Take o the heat and leave to infuse for 15 minutes, then remove the onion and bay leaf. Melt 50g butter in a medium pan over a medium-low heat and stir in the our. Cook for a couple of minutes until it turns golden, then stir in the milk, by the ladle. Turn the heat down and simmer for 1520 minutes until thick. Boil the cauliower orets for four minutes, until just tender, then drain. Melt most of the remaining butter over a medium-high heat and fry the cauliower until slightly browned and caramelised. Season and spoon into a baking dish. Put the rest of the butter in the pan and fry the breadcrumbs until crunchy and golden. Season. Preheat the grill to medium-high. Stir the Lancashire cheese into the sauce, then add the cream and nutmeg. Season, then pour over the cauliower. Top with the cheddar, then the breadcrumbs. Grill until golden and bubbling.

The cauliower
Most chefs boil the cauliower, except Simon Hopkinson and Lindsey Bareham in The Prawn Cocktail Years, who steam it whole before dressing it with cheese sauce. The outside of the vegetable is still unpleasantly soft by the time the centre is tender. Where orets are concerned, I nd Nigel Slaters four-minute boil in his book Tender about right: it is important that they retain a bit of bite if they are not to collapse into the sauce. Both Jane Grigson, in her Vegetable Book, and Gary Rhodes in New British Classics advocate gently frying the cauliower in butter before adding it to the dish, without colouring the orets. Its innitely tastier.

The cheese
Cheddar is the obvious choice, and used by Rhodes and Slater. Grigson goes for parmesan and gruyere, which is too sweet. Hopkinson and Bareham choose tasty Lancashire, which works best with the creaminess of the sauce. Like Rhodes and Slater, Im including a layer of grated cheddar on top and using Lancashire for the sauce.

Flavourings and toppings The sauce

Arabella Boxer outs convention in her Book of English Food by reserving the cheese for the top of the dish and using a sauce made with chicken stock and single cream, rather than the classic milk-based bechamel. Its silky and elegant, but quite meaty in avour. Jane Grigson goes for a mornay sauce. Jamie Oliver stirs together creme fraiche and cheese its too rich and tangy. I miss the slightly bland milkiness of a good bechamel in both. While the Prawn Cocktail Years duo keep it simple, Rhodes nishes his Oliver includes anchovies and Rhodes adds English mustard both are nice, but too strong for this dish. The nutmeg Hopkinson and Bareham, and Rhodes use works better. Breadcrumbs add a nice crunch. Oliver whizzes up his with rosemary, olive oil and bacon, which is nice but not classic.


To share your tips, read more of Felicitys techniques and join the conversation, visit guardian.co.uk/ food

Apart from Hopkinson and Bareham, who simply pour the cheese sauce over the cauliower and serve, everyone bakes or grills the dish. Baking has a tendency to overcook the cauliower

12 The Guardian 15.11.12

Dairy tales Once upon a time many people made their own cheese, but is it really worth the eort today?
By Patrick Kingsley

Midweek supper Partridge with bacon and red chard

Angela Hartnett

lessed are the cheesemakers, said Jesus, according to The Life of Brian. I dont think he meant me though. It is midnight, shards of glass lie smashed in my kitchen sink, while a litre of contaminated cheese culture drips on the oor. Cursed are the cheesemakers, more like. Im trying out make-your-own cheese kits and they are supposed to be idiot-proof. I have a starter pack from The Cheese Making Shop, and a mozzarella from The Big Cheese Making Kit. By the time they arrive, I already see myself as a less ubiquitous version of Alex James. So much so, that I decide to call the woman who is most to blame for Jamess obsession with cheese, expert Juliet Harbutt. Homemade cheese, I ask Harbutt, whats the vibe? People used to make their own cheese all the time, she reassures me. In isolated areas, it would have been normal for someone with a cow to make cheese with excess milk. Well thats a relief, I say. Im making some myself! There is a crackle on the line. Youre denitely, denitely better o buying cheese from people who know what theyre doing, says Harbutt. But, she concedes, it is fun. I turn to The Cheese Making Shops basic kit for soft cheese, with its thermometer, sieve, mould, and a chemical labelled dickmilch. Warm the milk to 30C, it says. Fine. Add 100ml of the prepared mother culture, instructions in the envelope. Nervously, I open the envelope. The ripening of the cheese culture will take 20-24 hours, says a bit of paper. My heart sinks. Its already 11pm. I heat milk to 90C, and am told to add dickmilch after it has cooled. Stupidly, I add it too soon. In a panic, I take the glass jar outside in the freezing night air. Twenty minutes later, the milk has cooled, I put it in the sink. The glass stressed at the sudden rise in temperature cracks. You know the rest. I abandon this cheese. It may be just the thing for those with time and skill; I want something that requires even less expertise than the little demanded by The Cheese Making Shop.

To me, partridge is more avoursome and meatier than quail. Ask the butcher how long the birds have been hung the longer, the more gamey they will be. (Serves four) Splash of vegetable oil 100g butter Sprig of thyme Garlic clove, crushed 4 whole partridges, gutted and oven ready 300g red chard 100g streaky bacon, chopped Small onion, chopped Pinch of salt tsp peppercorns, crushed Add the vegetable oil to a large frying pan with at least two-thirds of the butter and heat on medium until it starts to foam and turn golden brown. Add the thyme and garlic. Season the partridges with salt and pepper inside and out, then remove the breasts from the bone. Place the breasts in the pan, turning and basting for at least ve minutes. When they have coloured, put them in a preheated oven at 200C/gas mark 6 for seven minutes. Remove the woody stalks from the chard and cut into small pieces. Add the remaining butter to another pan with bacon and onion and saute for two minutes. Remove the partridges from the oven, check they are done, then rest. Add the chard and a splash of water to the pan. Saute the vegetables and bacon for three minutes before serving with the partridge breasts.

Patrick Kingsley making mozzarella I turn to The Big Cheese Making Kits mozzarella, which should take one hour. I heat the milk (eight pints), add citric acid, and rennet, to separate the milk into curds (solids) and whey (liquid). The curds look like scrambled egg until I squidge them into balls, and dip them back into the hot whey. After some kneading and salting, they begin to look and taste like mozzarella. Or so I think until I take it proudly into the oce the next morning for G2s food editor to sample. It tastes vaguely of some sort of cheese content, concedes Susan Smillie. Across the oce, mozzarella expert Bob Granleese Mozzarella Bob, I call him is no fan. He spits it out. Oh my god, he says, appalled. No. Its as far from mozzarella as you can get. Morale low, I turn to the Guardian n and Observers foodie-in-chief, Jay Rayner. To begin with, its more of the he same. Compared to a great mozzarella, ella, Patricks eort is of course, a total calamity, he writes. Then again, he continues, as a rst, homemade eort, it isnt bad. Isnt bad! Did you hear the he man! Tease it gently apart and you do d actually get some of the leaf structure inside you are supposed to get. There is a hint of that creaminess and freshness we crave. Melted on a pizza it would probably pass muster. I top a base with my mozzarella, artichokes and capers. My guests are happy. I could live on this, says one friend. Take that, Mozzarella Bob!
For more information, visit cheesemakingshop.co.uk/ and bigcheesemakingkit.com

Natoora bualo mozzarella from Campania Tangy, milky, just salty enough, great avour: a lovely yielding cheese that has a good bite to it 250g, 4.50 natoora.co.uk

Nife is Life bualo mozzarella from Campania Slightly saltier with a good rm texture, thin skin, milky taste and nice chewiness. 250g, 4.60 nifeislife.com

Garolfalo mozzarella di Bualo Very creamy and wet, tastes very fresh and milky. Works nicely spread on good bread 125g, 2.25 ocado.com
Angela Hartnett is chef patron at Murano restaurant and consults at the Whitechapel Gallery and Dining Room, London. Twitter.com/angelahartnett

15.11.12 The Guardian 13


his evening, a group of artists will gather at Anish Kapoors studio in London to shoot a parody of Psys monster hit Gangnam Style, in support of Ai Weiwei. This follows Ais own version last month, which featured the original video interspersed with clips of the artist and friends doing the dance. The video swept the internet, mainly thanks to the comic appeal of the eminent artist clowning around to K-pop; but the Chinese authorities scented subversion and banned it. Ais video was titled Grass Mud Horse Style, a reference to a Chinese profanity banned on social networking sites by the government, and at one point he is seen wearing handcus presumably a reference to his detention earlier this year (he is prohibited from leaving the country). Kapoors hope is that his version, co-directed by the choreographer Akram Khan, and featuring dancers, actors and musicians as well as artists, will have the same reach. Its not the rst time a huge pop hit has been reworked to make an artistic and political statement.

Pop goes the artist

Anish Kapoor and Akram Khan are going Gangnam Style in support of Ai Weiwei. Alex Needham on what happens when artists dabble in pop
an (left) Akram Kh apoor; K and Anish ouTube eis Y Ai Weiw e) hit (abov Gangnam

Since the 1960s, when Andy Warhol acted as impressario to the Velvet Underground, and when John Lennon brought Yoko Ono into the heart of the worlds biggest band, artists have attempted to hijack the mainstream and enter the rough-and-tumble arena of the charts. Thanks to their friendships with musicians, a natural desire to try their hand at other media, and an often shared art-school background, artists from Dieter Roth to Theaster Gates have added gigs and records to their oeuvres with varying results. A few have managed hits. In 1982, Laurie Anderson stunned the art world, not to mention viewers of Top of the Pops, when she reached No 2 in the UK charts with her minimalist, vocoder-laden song O Superman. Damien Hirst reached the same peak 16 years later in rather less highbrow style, as part of Fat Les, whose Vindaloo was the unocial England football song of 1998. Others have preferred to take the cult route. Sam Taylor-Wood has made three elegant electronic covers with Pet Shop Boys, including a take on Serge

16 The Guardian 15.11.12

r ize winne Turner pr as released eed h Martin Cr Owada and albums as wn name o under his

Gainsbourgs Je tAime (Moi Non Plus) which features her faking an orgasm over tinkling synthesisers. Meanwhile, few people who saw them will ever forget Minty, Leigh Bowerys musical project, which included artist Cerith Wyn Evans, and whose shows saw Bowery give birth to his wife, Nicola Bateman, on stage. Even Joseph Beuys, the complex giant of 20th-century art, made a pop single, the 1982 song Sonne Statt Reagan. Beuys tunelessly barked his lyrics, which have an anti-nuclear message, over incongrously chirpy Euro-rock; there is an irresistible YouTube clip of him performing it on German TV, wearing his standard uniform of jeans, a felt hat and shing vest. It is so far removed from the rest of Beuyss practice that many critics treat it as a strange aberration, in much the same way some sneered at Ais Gangnam Style. But the chances are that Beuys was trying to make a political statement that was important to him, in the most audience-friendly way he could. Its bizarre, says artist David Shrigley, who has himself released several spoken-word records alongside his mordant drawings. It makes you realise that Beuys didnt care that much about the way people perceived him. It has a great sense of fun. Some artists make records simply out of a wish to do something completely dierent. Others see it as a way of expanding their repertoire. In the 11 years since he won the Turner prize (presented, incidentally, by Madonna), Martin Creed has made records alongside his sculptures and paintings, projects he describes as one-o singles, limited-edition, homemade things. In 1997, he released an album under the band name Owada. Creed argues that making a record, an artwork or even giving an interview are all part of the same creative process. (He asks me for an mp3 of our interview after we speak, for possible future use.) Working on a song is not much dierent from working on a sculpture, he says, in the sense that I want to make something thats exciting, and worth looking at or listening to. He started making music after art school, after feeling that his sculptures were failures. When people looked at them they couldnt see what Id gone through they could only see the bit left over at the end. If youre listening to a piece of music being played, youre listening it to it being made the decisions to go up or down, faster or slower so its more like a story. This year, Creed took the plunge

and made an album under his own name, Love You To, co-produced by Nick McCarthy of Franz Ferdinand erdinand (an art-school graduate). Last te) month, Creeds band took their clipped post-punk to nk the Swn music festival al in Wales; they have supported the Cribs on the indie circuit, too. I like working in n dierent places, says s Creed. Thats why I like doing the music. I feel the el art worlds a bit of a ghetto hetto and I dont want to make work for a little, special ial society I need to go out into the world, and thats the way to test out work, or songs. It bothers him if he feels that his band a ve-piece nd get invited to play because of his ecause art-world fame rather than their r music; but Swn was attended by a very music crowd, and his album , was well-reviewed. Occasionally, music can combine ic with art to create something truly mething spectacular as Warhol and the ol

Vel Velvet Underground twigged when they came up with the Exploding the Plastic Inevitable, which featured Pla the band playing at ear-splitting volume, lm projections, blinding vol strobe lights and a whip dance stro by artist-poet Gerald Malanga. The by ELPs inuence can be felt in art/pop ELP collisions ever since, from Lady Gaga col to K Kraftwerks performance of all their albums at Moma in New York this alb spring. Later this month, an art-rock spr festival in Cologne, Week-End, will fest feature visuals by David Shrigley, fea while Stephen Malkmus tops the bill, wh covering Cans album Ege Bamyasi. cov Certainly, the number of musicians C who went to art school is vast, from wh Malcolm McLaren, who saw his Ma management of the Sex Pistols as ma a co continuation of the situationism he had imbibed at Central Saint Martins, to three-quarters of the Ma Clash, Brian Eno and Jarvis Cocker. Cla Pete Townshend was taught by Pet Gustav Metzger, whose theories Gus of autodestructive art inuenced a Townshends guitar-smashing. Tow Most of these bands applied M their art-school training to their the

On the music podcast Tame Impala tell all about their psychedelic masterpiece Lonerism. Plus, the legendary Jack de Johnette checks in ahead of the London jazz festival


guardian.co.uk /musicweekly

15.11.12 The Guardian 17


Joseph Beuys m ade a pop single in 1982, while Sam Tayl or-Wood (below) has re corded with Pet Shop Boys

music, but the process can work the other way around, too. Elizabeth Price studied at the Ruskin school of ne art, co-founded quintessential 80s indie band Tallulah Gosh and is now nominated for this years Turner prize. Artist Sue Tompkins formed the band Life Without Buildings at Glasgow School of Art before leaving in alarm at the prospect of endless pub gigs and printing up T-shirts. Yet the things she learned as the bands frontwoman have inuenced her artwork, some of which is poetry and lyrics-based. I get asked to participate in galleries but also a performance in a pub or a poetry night, she says. Theres a mix. Perhaps the most powerful reason for an artist to make music is its direct appeal to the emotions, and the body; art particularly conceptual art is more cerebral. When Im making videos or artworks its aspiring to the condition of music, says Mark Leckey, another Turner winner, who has made records under the names donAteller, Jack2Jack and Genital Panic, ranging from covers of rave classics such as Dominator by Human Resource, to abstract soundscapes recorded on the streets of Soho. So I inevitably end up making music. With art, theres always an intellectual barrier. Music has a directness and a physical eect. Contemporary art comes from a conceptual idea and it can be returned to a conceptual idea. It can stay in the realm of language, of text, and theres something about music t at us c that escapes that. Leckey says key he listens to two records cords Trip II the Moon by Acen and Roadrunner ner by Jonathan Richman man before he sets out t to create an artwork. k. If I could achieve in some way what they ey achieve to me, then n Id be very happy. Are visual artists jealous of musicians? Oh my y God, yes, says Frances nces Stark, an LA-based artist and former member mber of the band Layer Cake. Even the cubists collages ollages of musical instruments, ents, she says, are more interesting than truly moving: What music does is, like, 10,000 times [more eective]. But does being brilliant at one art form mean you

can transfer those skills to another? It tends to be more successful when its part of a considered project, says Shrigley. Martin Creeds stu is really great, and consistent with his project as an artist. But Yoko Ono made one good track Why Not [on Plastic Ono Band] and the rests rubbish. Shrigley used to be in a band, but says he will stick to making spoken-word records. Making music, he says, would smack of some kind of middle-aged vanity and desperation, and Im keen to avoid that scenario. This touches on a nal, more supercial reason a t sts make records supe c a easo artists to plunge into a more glamorous and high-octane world than that of the studio and the gallery. It may gall be unfair to suggest th this was that what motivated Hirst to get involved with Fat Les in wit 1998 (other members were Keith Allen and Alex James but he James), certainly gave that g impression. Perhaps impression some of the artists t involved in todays involve Gangnam Style Gangn tribute will tribu have similar hav motivations. mo Ultimately, U however, their h aim is to show a support for a su fellow artist in the most mainstream way ma possible, using one of u cultures m most potent and endlessly adaptable endles weapons: the power of pop.
Shadi Ghadirian, from the series Qajar, 1998

Victoria and Albert Museum www.vam.ac.uk victoriaandalbertmuseum @V_and_A #Light Middle East
Made possible by the Art Fund

18 The Guardian 15.11.12



Death is coming: thats my catchphrase The dark world of Simon Amstell guardian.co.uk/comedy

My best shot Harry Gruyaert My friend Cartier-Bresson hated using colour but it helped me to capture the banality of Belgium
I was living in Paris in 1965. One day, while on my way to get some lm developed, I noticed a guy I didnt recognise in the lift. There was something special and strangely transparent about him. I thought: That must be Henri Cartier-Bresson. He was known for his ability to photograph people without them noticing. Later, when I joined the picture agency Magnum, we got to know each other well. He was a nervous but witty man, never taking himself too seriously. He didnt want to be a hero or play the big guy he hated all that. He also hated being asked to use colour for an assignment. Maybe he would have been more interested if it had been possible to play with it the way you can now, but back then it was limited in scope. Once, when he came to see a show of my colour work, he suggested sending me two of his prints and a box of pastels so I could hand-colour them. I refused. Henri, Im not a painter, I said. I suppose he was just curious. Given our friendship and his complex relationship with colour, I am honoured that this image currently hangs alongside two of his works one taken in New York, the other in Tennessee in a London exhibition devoted to his photography called A Question of Colour. His reluctance to use colour certainly didnt stop me. Back then, a lot of photographers only used it when magazines commissioned them, meaning the medium had not really been explored creatively. So, throughout the 1970s and 80s, I photographed countless Belgian festivals and processions, which were prone to spectacular alcoholic excess. This image, taken in the town of Boom in 1988, shows people waiting for the carnival to pass. Its part of a series I did about my native country: I had a complicated relationship with Belgium because of my strict Catholic upbringing. Its hard to work in the place you are from: youre less on the lookout for inspiration. But because I no longer lived there, I was able to work. I had used colour in Morocco and India, places so vibrant they seemed to demand it. Previously, everything in Belgium had seemed grey to me. But when I discovered the beauty of banality, I was able to capture Belgium in colour. This shot works because of the movement of the people, the way they are hidden by balloons and, of course, the colour.
Interview by Sarah Phillips. Cartier-Bresson: A Question of Colour is at Somerset House, London WC2, until 27 January. Details: positiveviewfoundation.org.uk THE CV PHOTOGRAPH HARRY GRUYAERT/MAGNUM

Born: 1941, Antwerp, Belgium. Studied: School for Photo and Cinema, Brussels. Inuences: 1970s Italian movies, Matisse, William Egglestons 1976 Moma exhibition. Top tip: You cannot learn to be an artist; you either are or youre not.

15.11.12 The Guardian 19



he BBCs agship current aairs programme is in diculties and its future is in the balance. The Hour (BBC 1) is engaged in battles of its own, against both the smooth Hector Madden (Dominic West), who thinks hes getting too big for the show, and the climbing ratings of an ITV rival. Its not quite on the scale of an inquest into the competence of its journalism, but whoever scheduled the return of The Hour couldnt have asked for better timing. Theres a small danger, I suppose, that the problems of The Hour now seem rather more trivial than they might have appeared to Abi Morgan when she was writing the script, but I cant imagine she will be looking a gift horse There again, Newsnights present troubles would almost certainly be beyond even the skills of the macchiavellian Randall Brown (Peter Capaldi), the head of news sent in to salvage the programme, which would be a shame as Capaldi is worth watching in almost everything he appears in, even if he seems to be in danger of getting typecast as the hatchet man with a heart of steel. Otherwise, everything is pretty much as we left it, only a year further on, with Sputnik rather than Suez the main talking point of the news. Even down to the slight confusion as to what sort of drama The Hour really wants to be. Throughout the rst series I was never wholly sure whether I was meant to be watching a Mad Menstyle 1950s high-class period soap or a political thriller, as the story lines seemed to veer alarmingly between the two genres with little attempt to join them at the seams. Though I didnt mind nearly as much as many viewers because I found it all very enjoyable anyway and I had no ideological objection to the BBC playing itself as the left-of-centre hero. Call me unreconstructed

Ben Whishaw, Romola Garai and Dominic West in The Hour give the programme a bit of edge as if by magic. Some Newsnight editors must be hoping for a similarly quick reprieve. Mind you, Freddie forgetting until the end of the rst episode to tell his best friend, Bel (Romola Garai), that he had got married to a French woman while he was away is precisely the sort of journalistic oversight that can start a witch-hunt. Rather more straightforward in its intentions, though less successful in execution, was the second part of Clarissa Dickson Wrights Breakfast, Lunch and Dinner (BBC4). Which was a shame, as Im rather a fan of Dickson Wrights take-no-prisoners TV persona. It wasnt as if there was anything terribly wrong with this programme about the social history of the British lunch, it was more that it was just a bit dull. This felt like a documentary that I had seen many, many times before in dierent guises. Who would have guessed that lunch has gone from being a full-hour main event of the day to a rushed 12 minutes? Who would have thought that industrialisation and the growth of cities would change our relationship to food? Me, for one. More unforgivably, it rather felt as if Dickson Wright knew that she was pushing her luck with this show, as its a rare skill to make an hour feel way too long to get through 1,000 years of history. So it was that she dawdled for a good 10 minutes in Simpsons having lunch with AN Wilson and discussing what the Victorians might have eaten, before spending much the same amount of time at her old school, Woldingham, trying to teach a classroom full of girls to cook a postwar, rationing lunch. What this programme worked best at was metaphor. If the object was to show that lunch has become progressively more lling and less satisfying, then it was job done.

Last night's TV The BBCs agship news show is in crisis The Hour has great timing

By John Crace
Its still not entirely clear if The Hour really knows exactly what it wants to be, as the rst episode of the new series itted between the private lives of the main characters and hints of Soho gangland. And I still dont really care, as the writing is tight and the performances are so uniformly good that the minor characters, in particular Anna Chancellor as jaded Lix, Julian Rhind-Tutt as the never-to-be-trusted McCain and Oona Chaplin as Hectors wife Marnie (who shows welcome signs of mounting a spirited comeback) feel every bit as well-drawn as the central trio. The best news of all is that Freddie Lyon (Ben Whishaw) has made a remarkable career recovery. Having been sacked at the end of the last series for conducting an unauthorised live interview, he has been recalled to



Why did Fresh Meat have to bring back the geology lecturer? It was all going so well ...

15.11.12 The Guardian 21

TV and radio

Film of the day Valkyrie (10pm, Channel 5) Despite the starry presence of Tom Cruise, a solid account of the plot by German ocers to assassinate Hitler in July 1944, with Tom playing ringleader Colonel von Stauenberg.

6.0pm BBC News (S) Weather 6.30 Regional News Programmes (S) Weather

6.0pm Eggheads (R) (S) 6.30 Strictly Come Dancing It Takes Two (S) Zoe Ball hosts the daily fanzine. 7.0 Celebrity Antiques Road Trip (S) Sheila Hancock and Sandi Toksvig go hunting for antiques on the Isle of Wight.

6.0pm Local News (S) Weather 6.30 ITV News And Weather (S)

Channel 4
6.0pm The Simpsons (S) (AD) 6.30 Hollyoaks (S) (AD) Will Esther and Bart come clean?

Everyday, Channel 4

Watch this
Hunted 9pm, BBC1
Hunteds plot has thickened into an unwieldy stodge, so full of double-crosses and murder that its nigh-on impossible to wade into without becoming seriously stuck. In a way, this morass of detail and intrigue is welcome; its used to disguise some rather standard bait-and-switch fare as the team try to thwart an assassination attempt. Still, as long as they keep all the plates spinning, give Melissa George a chance to beat some people up and Patrick Malahide some scenery to chew then who needs logic? Phelim ONeill tinue to round-up members of the Hateld clan at the behest of Bill Paxtons aronted Randall McCoy. But grizzled patriarch William Devil Anse Hateld (Kevin Costner) has a plan in mind to quell the seemingly unstoppable cycle of violence. Theres little sympathy for the pious Randall folk when compared to the Hatelds, who are innitely more whiskeyswilling fun, a rare aw of this otherwise above-par miniseries. Ben Arnold

7.0 The One Show (S) Presented by Matt Baker and Alex Jones. 7.30 EastEnders (S) (AD) Lucy and Zainab try to get Syed and Christian to talk. (Followed by BBC News; Regional News.)

7.0 Emmerdale (S) (AD) Debbie goes to see Chas in prison.

7.0 Channel 4 News (S) 7.55 4thought.tv (S) Another discussion of whether faith is down to nature or nurture.

8.0 Young Apprentice (S) The candidates are challenged to haggle for the best prices as theyre sent out to buy props for the English National Opera.

8.0 MasterChef: The Professionals (S) Six chefs each prepare a dish of their own invention in the quarter-nal.

8.0 Coronation Street (S) (AD) Jealous prankster Steve targets Rob. 8.30 Im A Celebrity Get Me Out Of Here! (S) More scenes from life in the jungle.

8.0 Kirsties Vintage Home (S) Kirstie and co craft a 1950s-inspired family playroom for a Blackburn couple.

9.0 Hunted (S) (AD) Aidan thinks Sam needs to revisit memories of her mothers murder and her own kidnapping, a way to learn why the Hourglass conspirators are targeting her.

9.0 Great Continental Railway Journeys (S) (AD) Michael Portillo searches for traces of pre-rst world war decadence in Vienna as he travels in Hungary and Austria.

9.0 Everyday (S) Filmed over of ve years, Michael Winterbottoms drama explores the impact of a father being in prison on family life. Starring Shirley Henderson and John Simm.

Impractical Jokers 9.30pm, BBC3

The hidden camera show is given a cruel twist in Impractical Jokers, awarded a full run here after a pilot earlier in the year. Here the stooge thrown out into the general public is forced to perform increasingly embarrassing acts of humiliation at the hands of the other performers in the show, who gleefully order fellow cast members to do the unspeakable through an earpiece while watching them squirm on a monitor. BA

Everyday 9pm, Channel 4

An understated Michael Winterbottom drama, illuminating Britains prisons system. Winterbottoms case study is Ian (John Simm), a young man doing a lengthy stretch. Realising that a prison is an oppressively cloistered arena, Winterbottom directs his cameras towards the lives of Ians family. Shirley Henderson is terric as Ians stoic but haunted wife, and the children four real-life siblings are heartbreaking naturals (Everyday was lmed over ve years to allow the kids to age). All compel as they wait, with fear and anticipation, for the doors to open. Andrew Mueller

10.0 BBC News (S) 10.25 Regional News And Weather (S) 10.35 Question Time (S) David Dimbleby chairs the topical debate from Corby. Guests include Chris Grayling, Nigel Farage and Ian Hislop. 11.35 This Week (S) Andrew Neil, Michael Portillo and guests discuss politics.

10.0 Hebburn (S) (AD) Jack starts work as the new editor of the Hebburn Advertiser. 10.30 Newsnight (S) With Kirsty Wark. (Followed by Weather.)

10.0 ITV News At Ten And Weather (S) 10.30 Local News/ Weather (S) 10.35 Corfu: A Tale Of Two Islands (S) A barrister considers moving to Corfu.

10.50 999: Whats Your Emergency? (R) (S) Blackpools emergency services deal with incidents involving visitors to the town. (Shown Monday.)

11.20 Dara O Briains Science Club (R) (S) (AD) Marcus Brigstocke grapples with the concept of dark energy as Dara and guests investigate the world of theoretical physics. (Shown Tuesday.)
from the work of Duke Ellington and Count Basie, to Gil Evans collaboration with Miles Davis. 1.0 Radio 3 Lunchtime Concert. Soprano Ruby Hughes sings a selection of night songs by Schubert and baritone Roderick Williams performs Somervells song-cycle A Shropshire Lad, as well as Michael Berkeley. 2.0 Afternoon On 3. Katie Derham presents Rossinis comic opera Il Signor Bruschino, with soprano Maria Aleida and tenor David Alegret. Plus ballet music by Elgar and Vaughan Williams Fourth Symphony. 4.30 In Tune. Sean Raerty talks to countertenor Andreas Scholl and opera director Calixto Bieito, and presents a live performance by pianist Alexandre

11.05 The Jonathan Ross Show (R) (S) With guests Damian Lewis, Katherine Jenkins, Danny Baker and Psy. Last in series. (Shown Saturday.)

11.50 Random Acts (S) Short arts lm. 11.55 Embarrassing Fat Bodies (R) (S) The doctors oer advice to those with medical problems associated with obesity and weight loss.

Radio 3
90.2-92.4 MHz
6.30 Breakfast. Sara Mohr-Pietsch introduces favourite pieces, notable performances and a few surprises. 9.0 Essential Classics. With Sarah Walker. Including the Essential CD: Five Italian Oboe Concertos played by Nicholas Daniel, performances by pianist Noriko Ogawa, and this weeks guest, author Anne Fine. 12.0 Composer Of The Week: Big Band. Donald Macleod and Guy Barker explore developments in the big band sound of the 1950s,

Hatelds & McCoys 9pm, Channel 5

More tit-for-tat murder: bounty hunter Bad Frank Phillips and his posse conHunted, BBC1

Tharaud. 6.30 Composer Of The Week: Big Band. (R) 7.30 Radio 3 Live In Concert. The BBC Scottish Symphony Orchestra performs Karlowiczs Eternal Songs and Prokoevs Fifth Symphony, and Nicola Benedetti joins them for Szymanowskis First Violin Concerto. 10.0 Free Thinking. Philip Dodd chairs a debate on Immigration and the Challenge to Belonging at the Radio 3 Free Thinking Festival, with David Goodhart, Alp Mehmet and Sunder Katwala. 10.45 The Free Thinking Essay: New Generation Thinkers. Sue-Ann Harding, one of Radio 3s New Generation Thinkers, gives a talk on the dierence between expats and immigrants, recorded at the

Sage Gateshead. 11.0 Late Junction. Max Reinhardt presents John Surmans Saltash Bells, the complete Tezeta by Getatchew Kassa, Thelonious Monks Brilliant Corners and Ravel played by Alexei Lubimov and Alexei Zuev. 12.30 Through The Night. Including music by Elgar, Rachmaninov, Kodaly, Zemlinsky, Chopin, JCF Bach, Tchaikovsky, Salieri, Bax, Biber, Schumann, Kainz, Schubert, Milhaud, Brahms, Bach and J Strauss (son).

Radio 4

92.4-94.6 MHz; 198kHz

6.0 (FM) Today. 8.31 (LW) Yesterday In Parliament. 8.59 (LW) Test Match Special. India v England. 9.0

22 The Guardian 15.11.12

Full TV listings For comprehensive programme details see the Guardian Guide every Saturday or go to tvlistings.guardian.co.uk/

Channel 5
6.0pm Home And Away (R) (S) (AD) Romeo wants to speed up his recovery. 6.30 5 News At 6.30 (S) 7.0 Rolfs Animal Clinic (R) (S) Vet Sam Bescoby treats a horse that has a growth in one of its hooves. (Shown Tuesday; followed by 5 News Update.)



6.20pm Come Dine With Me (R) (S) The dinner party challenge fetches up in Cardi.

6.0pm House (R) A patient suers from recurring strokes.

Other channels
E4 6.0pm The Big Bang Theory. Sheldon gets a job at a diner. 6.30 The Big Bang Theory. Leonard is invited to visit the Large Hadron Collider. 7.0 Hollyoaks. Two bitter enemies put aside their dierences for a loved ones sake. 7.30 How I Met Your Mother. Ted unwittingly sends romantic text messages to Barney. 8.0 The Big Bang Theory. New series. Howard gets caught in a strange argument. 8.30 2 Broke Girls. New series. Max believes she has found a way to get rich. 9.0 Rude Tube: All Things Weird And Wonderful. Internet videos, including two camels in a car. 10.0 End Of Days. Supernatural thriller, starring Arnold Schwarzenegger. Film4 7.05pm Volcano. Disaster thriller, starring Tommy Lee Jones. 9.0 Brassed O. Drama, starring Pete Postlethwaite and Tara Fitzgerald. 11.10 Weekend. Premiere. Romantic drama, with Tom Cullen and Chris New. FX 6.0pm Leverage. The team members pose as wedding planners. 7.0 NCIS. A robber is shot dead. 8.0 NCIS. The team investigates the murder of a petty ocer. 9.0 Family Guy. Peter suers kidney failure after drinking kerosene. 9.30 American Dad! Roger celebrates his birthday. 10.0 The Cleveland Show. Cleveland asks his stepdaughter to the school dance. 10.30 Family Guy. Stewie auditions in drag for a TV show. 11.0 The Booth At The End. The patrons draw closer to the end of their tasks. 11.30 Family Guy. Chris runs away to South America. 12.0 Family Guy. Peter gets stranded on a desert island. ITV2 6.30pm Youve Been Framed! Harry Hill narrates camcorder calamities. 7.0 Youve Been Framed! Harry Hill narrates camcorder calamities. 7.30 Youve Been Framed! Harry Hill narrates camcorder calamities. 8.0 The X Factor USA. The contestants battle it out during the second live show. 10.0 Im A Celebrity Get Me Out Of Here Now! The Woman In Black 1.0 Orphans In Waiting 1.30 White Heat 2.0 1834 2.30 Just A Minute 3.0 Daniel Deronda 4.0 90 By 90 The Full Set 4.15 HMS Surprise 5.0 King Street Junior 5.30 Chambers News and gossip from the camp. 11.0 Totally Bonkers Guinness World Records. Incredible and peculiar record-breaking attempts. 11.30 Kiss Kiss Bang Bang. Comedy thriller, starring Robert Downey Jr and Val Kilmer. Sky1 6.0pm Raising Hope. Virginia comes up with an idea to earn some quick cash. 6.30 The Simpsons. Same-sex marriage is legalised in Springeld. 7.0 The Simpsons. Homer takes Ned Flanders to Las Vegas. 7.30 The Simpsons. Lisa falls in with a bad crowd. 8.0 The Middle. The Hecks panic when hapless Sue receives her learner drivers licence. 8.30 Modern Family. The friends have fun as they pitch in for a charity yard sale. 9.0 Spy. Tim and Caitlin appear in a recruitment video. 9.30 Trollied. Gavin struggles to nd Lorraines replacement. 10.0 A League Of Their Own. With Johnny Vegas, Charlotte Jackson and Harry Redknapp. 11.0 Road Wars. Conrad and Simon tackle a mugger. 12.0 Road Wars. Police ocers combat vehicle crime. Sky Arts 1 6.0pm All You Need Is Love. The story of ragtime music. 7.0 Big Ideas For A Small Planet. A furniture company aiming to make 100 per cent sustainable products. 7.30 Dead Art. Dee Snider visits Forest Hills Cemetery in Boston, Massachusetts. 8.0 Mariellas Book Show. With guests Roger Moore, Michael Chabon and Jung Chang. 9.0 Playhouse Presents: The Man. Drama, starring Hayley Atwell, Zoe Wanamaker and Stephen Fry. 9.30 Onion News Network. Emotional reporter OBrady Shaw promotes his new show. 10.0 Johnny Cash: The Anthology. Prole of the country singer. 11.0 Johnny Cash Live At Montreux. The singers performance at the 1994 Jazz Festival. 12.0 Mariellas Book Show. With guests Roger Moore, Michael Chabon and Jung Chang. TCM 9.0pm Passenger 57. Action thriller, with Wesley Snipes. 10.35 My Cousin Vinny. Courtroom comedy, starring Joe Pesci. World Brieng 3.30 Outlook 4.0 News 4.06 Assignment 4.30 Sport Today 5.0 World Brieng 5.30 World Business Report 6.0 World Have Your Say 7.0 World Brieng 7.30 Science In Action 7.50 From Our Own Correspondent 8.0 News 8.06 Assignment 8.30 The Strand 8.50 Witness 9.0 Newshour 10.0 News 10.06 Outlook 10.30 World Business Report 11.0 World Brieng 11.30 Business Daily 11.50 Witness 12.0 World Brieng 12.30 Science In Action 12.50 Sports News 1.0 World Brieng 1.30 World Business Report 1.50 From Our Own Correspondent 2.0 News 2.06 Assignment 2.30 Outlook 3.0 Newsday 3.30 The Strand 3.50 Witness 4.0 Newsday 4.30 Science In Action 4.50 From Our Own Correspondent 5.0 Newsday

7.0pm Top Gear (R) (S) The presenters build their own motorhomes for a bank holiday jaunt to the West Country.

7.0pm World News Today (S) Weather 7.30 Top Of The Pops: 1977 (R) (S) Featuring David Bowie, Tina Charles, Queen, Status Quo, David Soul and Roxy Music.

7.30 Hughs 3 Good Things (S) Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall prepares seared venison with lemons and capers, and hot dogs with fried pears.

7.0 House (R) A former girlfriend asks the medic to treat her sick husband.

8.0 WW1s Tunnels Of Death: The Big Dig (S) Part two of two. Johan Vandewalle and his crew explore rst world war-era bunkers and tunnels in Flanders. (Followed by 5 News At 9.)

8.0 The Premier Leagues Most Amazing Moments (S) Including David Beckham scoring from the half-way line.

8.0 Shock And Awe: The Story Of Electricity (R) (S) How nding a link between electricity and magnetism led to technological breakthroughs. Jim AlKhalili hosts.

8.0 Grand Designs (R) (S) (AD) Kevin McCloud meets a Herefordshire couple who dont take much heed of deadlines as they build a family home using recycled and local materials.

8.0 Urban Secrets (R) (S) Alan Cumming visits Bristols rst speakeasy as he explores the history of the city.

9.0 Hatelds & McCoys (S) Anse thinks the only way to end the feud is to kill Randall. Continuing the western drama, starring Kevin Costner and Bill Paxton.

9.0 Russell Howards Good News (S) Topical comedy series. 9.30 Impractical Jokers (S) New hidden camera series where the shows hosts set each other embarrassing challenges. 10.0 Superstorm USA: Caught On Camera (S) How people took to social media to record and share the eects of Storm Sandy hitting New York in October.

9.0 The Year The Town Hall Shrank (S) Local ocials chase 20 million in unpaid council tax. A vicar tries to prevent a Victorian swimming pool from closing. Last in the series.

9.0 Scandal (S) (AD) The team helps out a dictator who says his wife and children have been abducted.

9.0 Richard E Grants Hotel Secrets (S) The actor chows down on a $5,000 burger at the Mandalay Bay hotel in Las Vegas.

10.0 Valkyrie (Bryan Singer, 2008) (S) Thriller following the 1944 plot by rebel German ocers to assassinate Hitler. A strong cast includes Tom Cruise, Kenneth Branagh and Bill Nighy.

10.0 The First Master Chef: Michel Roux On Escoer (R) (S) Michel Roux Jr proles Georges Auguste Escoer, a chef who revolutionised French cuisine and the way top kitchens were run.

10.0 Southland (S) (AD) New series of the imported cop drama. John Cooper teams up with a new partner. 10.55 Embarrassing Bodies (R) (S) Dentist Dr James treats the worst tooth decay hes ever seen..

10.0 Falcon New series based on the best-selling novels by Robert Wilson. Detective Javier Falcn investigates when a Seville restaurateur is bound, gagged and tortured to death. Part one of two. 11.0 Dont Sit In The Front Row (R) (S) With Frank Skinner, Andrew Maxwell and Susan Calman. Presented by Jack Dee. 11.30 BrandX With Russell Brand (R) Topical comedy show.

11.0 EastEnders (R) (S) (AD) Lucy and Zainab try to get Syed and Christian to talk. 11.30 Family Guy (R) (S) Quagmire loses his job as a pilot. 11.55 Family Guy (R) (S) Stewie has a bad experience on a sun bed.
(FM) In Our Time. The life of French philosopher and activist Simone Weil. 9.45 (LW) Daily Service. Led by Pastor Alex Robertson. 9.45 (FM) Book Of The Week: Former People. By Douglas Smith. 10.0 (LW) Test Match Special. India v England. 10.0 (FM) Womans Hour. 11.0 Crossing Continents. New series. The Mayor of Mogadishus eorts to mend the Somali capital. 11.30 Words On Water. Writers who use shing to explore human interaction with the environment. 12.0 News 12.04 You And Yours. 12.57 Weather 1.0 The World At One. 1.45 In Pursuit Of The Ridiculous. The increase of the slug fauna in Britain. 2.0 The Archers. Emma hits rock bottom. (R) 2.15 Afternoon Drama: The Other Simenon. The Venice Train, by Georges Simenon. Last in the series. 3.0 Open Country. Helen Mark meets a shepherd grazing sheep on Brightons chalk downlands. 3.27 Radio 4 Appeal. On behalf of Bowel Cancer UK. (R) 3.30 Open Book. Mariella Frostrup presents news from the publishing world. (R) 4.0 The Film Programme. With Francine Stock. 4.30 Material World. With Quentin Cooper. 5.0 PM. With Eddie Mair. 5.57 Weather 6.0 Six OClock News 6.30 Andrew Lawrence: How Did We End Up Like This? A comical take on human evolution. 7.0 The Archers. Lynda holds a tense rehearsal. 7.15 Front Row. An

11.0 Heath V Wilson: The 10-Year Duel (R) (S) Tracing the rivalry between ex-prime ministers Harold Wilson and Edward Heath in the 1960s and 70s.

interview with author Ben Elton. 7.45 Children In Need: Jesss Story. By Nell Leyshon. 8.0 The Report. New series. Current aairs. 8.30 The Bottom Line. Business issues that matter. Last in the series. 9.0 Saving Species. Live reports on wildlife conservation around the world. (R) 9.30 In Our Time. The life of French philosopher and activist Simone Weil. 9.59 Weather 10.0 The World Tonight. With Robin Lustig. 10.45 Book At Bedtime: The Liars Gospel. By Naomi Alderman. 11.0 The Headset Set. Sketch show set in a call centre. 11.30 Malalas Diary. British teenagers read excerpts from Malala Yousafzais

blog. 12.0 News And Weather 12.30 Book Of The Week: Former People. By Douglas Smith. (R) 12.48 Shipping Forecast

Radio 4 Extra
Digital only
6.0 Orphans In Waiting 6.30 White Heat 7.0 Chambers 7.30 Andrew Lawrence: How Did We End Up Like This? 8.0 Parsley Sidings 8.30 Take It From Here 9.0 1834 9.30 Just A Minute 10.0 Daniel Deronda 11.0 Made In Bristol 11.15 HMS Surprise 12.0 Parsley Sidings 12.30 Take It From Here 1.0 Orphans In Waiting 1.30 White Heat 2.0 The Color Purple 2.15 Laurence LlewelynBowens Men Of Fashion

2.30 Gods Architect: Pugin And The Building Of Romantic Britain 2.45 Other Peoples Children 3.0 Daniel Deronda 4.0 The 4 OClock Show 5.0 King Street Junior 5.30 Chambers 6.0 The Price Of Fear 6.30 The Woman In Black 7.0 Parsley Sidings 7.30 Take It From Here 8.0 Orphans In Waiting 8.30 White Heat 9.0 Made In Bristol 9.15 HMS Surprise 10.0 Comedy Club: Andrew Lawrence: How Did We End Up Like This? 10.30 ElvenQuest 11.0 The Million Pound Radio Show 11.30 Sounding O With McGough 11.45 The Tape Recorded Highlights Of A Humble Bee 12.0 The Price Of Fear 12.30

World Service

Digital and 198 kHz after R4

8.30 Business Daily 8.50 Sports News 9.0 News 9.06 Assignment 9.30 The Strand 9.50 Witness 10.0 World Update 11.0 World Have Your Say 11.30 Health Check 11.50 From Our Own Correspondent 12.0 News 12.06 Outlook 12.30 The Strand 12.50 Witness 1.0 News 1.06 Assignment 1.30 Business Daily 1.50 Sports News 2.0 Newshour 3.0

15.11.12 The Guardian 23


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Quick crossword no 13,267

5 South Africas former social policy hit parade (anag) (9) 8 Skating jump involving a mid-air turn (4) 9 Mediterranean plant with spikes of blue, pink or white owers (8) 10 Dense and overgrown (6) 11 Make certain (that) (6) 13 Too (2,4) 15 Slake (6) 16 Flat Italian bread (8) 18 Microscopic (4) 19 Rogue (with a shooter for a father?) (3,2,1,3)
5 6 8 9 7 1 2 3 4

Sudoku no 2,345

4 7 9 5 4 8 7 9 2 7 6 9 6 5 2 8
Hard. Fill the grid so that each row, column and 3x3 box contains the numbers 1-9. Printable version at guardian.co.uk/sudoku










1 End-of-play speech (8) 2 Umbrella (6) 3 Move quickly and violently (6) 4 Toothed fasteners (4) 6 Trip (9) 7 Force 12 on the Beaufort Scale (9) 12 Crumpets (anag) (8) 14 Person reading lessons in church (6) 15 Massive, extremely distant celestial object (6)


17 River owing through Bristol to the Severn (4)

Stuck? For help call 0906 751 0039 or text GUARDIANQ followed by a space, the day and date the crossword appeared another space and the CLUE reference to 85010 (e.g GUARDIANQ Wednesday24 Down20). Calls cost 77p a minute from a BT Landline. Calls from other networks may vary and mobiles will be considerably higher. Texts cost 50p a clue plus standard network charges. Service supplied by ATS. Call 0844 836 9769 for customer service (charged at local rate, 2p a min from a BT landline).

Solution no 13,266

Solution to no 2,344
3 4 1 7 9 5 8 6 2 7 9 8 6 2 3 1 4 5 5 6 2 1 4 8 9 7 3 6 8 4 9 5 2 3 1 7 9 1 3 8 6 7 5 2 4 2 5 7 4 3 1 6 8 9 4 3 6 2 8 9 7 5 1 8 7 5 3 1 4 2 9 6 1 2 9 5 7 6 4 3 8

Stuck? For help call 0906 751 0036. Calls cost 77p a minute from a BT Landline. Calls from other networks may vary and mobiles will be considerably higher. Service supplied by ATS. Call 0844 836 9769 for customer service (charged at local rate, 2p a min from a BT landline). Free tough puzzles at www.puzzler. com/guardian

24 The Guardian 15.11.12

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3 2 6 5 4

Doonesbury If...

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