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Port Greening Initiatives of the Philippine Ports Authority

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37th APA Meeting Zenith Hotel Kuantan, Malaysia 22-24 November 2011

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Introduction
Rising sea levels are ecological implications of Climate Change

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dailymail.co.uk

http://scienceguro.blogspot.com

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Introduction
Climate Change:
Affects all sectors of society

Poses foreboding threat to human lives, cultural heritage and ecosystems


http://climatechangephilippines.blogspot.com

Drives organizations andhttp://wowlegazpi.com agencies worldwide to undertake mitigation and adaptation programs

http://blogs.panda.org

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Climate Change
According to Article I of the United Nations Framework Convention:
Climate Change is characterized by the change of climate attributed directly or indirectly to human activity

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Climate Change
Social, Economic and Ecological Implications:

Rise in sea levels Change in regional wind


systems resulting to floods, droughts, forest fires, windstorms and hurricanes
Rise in Sea Levels
http://www.treehugger.com

Changes in Wind Systems


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Climate Change in the Philippines


For the past three (3) decades, the Philippines had been experiencing:
Spikes in temperature
Drought in the northern and southern regions of Luzon and Mindanao Hot days and hot nights Extreme weather conditions resulting to typhoons, floods, landslides, El Nio, La Nia, and forest fires
http://1.bp.blogspot.com http://www.dream-wallpaper.com

http://seagrant.uaf.edu

Climate Change in the Philippines


Negative Effects to the Philippine Coastal Ecosystem:
Overnight destruction of centuries-old corals Relocation of coastal communities to higher grounds Shortage of land area to accommodate displaced populations
superstock.co.uk

http://womennewsnetwork.net

Vanishing of rich underwater world by 2100 if marine ecosystem were to be progressively depleted
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Climate Change in the Philippines


At the onset of Climate Change, countries and people need to adopt ecologically-friendly ways of living

http://www.bioearthinc.com http://www.dream-wallpaper.com

Climate Change and the Port Industry


Port Industry is in direct peril due to location along coastal areas of its:

Area of business Areas of operation

Port facilities
Port infrastructure
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Climate Change and the Port Industry


Port industry stands wary in combating dismal consequences of Climate Change

thedailygreen.com http://wowlegazpi.com

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Climate Change and the Port Industry


In order to achieve sustainable development, the Philippine Ports Authority considers environmental impacts in its planning and implementation pursuits

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The Philippine Ports Authority


PORT DISTRICT OFFICE of MANILA/ N. LUZON

PMO North Harbor PMO South Harbor PMO Limay PMO San Fernando/ Sual

PORT DISTRICT OFFICE of VISAYAS

PORT DISTRICT OFFICE of S. LUZON

PMO Dumaguete PMO Iloilo PMO Ormoc PMO Pulupandan PMO Tacloban PMO Tagbilaran

PMO Batangas PMO Calapan PMO Legaspi PMO Puerto Princesa

PORT DISTRICT OFFICE of N. MINDANAO

PORT DISTRICT OFFICE of S. MINDANAO

PMO Cotabato PMO Dapitan PMO Davao PMO General Santos PMO Zamboanga

PMO Cagayan de Oro PMO Iligan PMO Nasipit PMO Ozamiz PMO Surigao

PPA Port Greening Projects


Undertakings on Environmental Health and Protection:
Provision of Shore-Based Power Supply Green Procurement National Coastal Clean-Up Mangrove-Planting Activity Tree-Planting Activity

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PPA Port Greening Projects


Shore-Based Power Supply (SBPS)
Basis of adaptation measure: Energy production and use are the biggest contributors to greenhouse gas emissions World Bank Establishment spearheaded by Port of Cagayan de Oro

Hydroelectric power provided to vessels at berth


Emissions of CO and other obnoxious gases are prevented

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PPA Port Greening Projects


Shore-Based Power Supply at Port of Cagayan de Oro

Cleaner alternative power supply, i.e., from BFO to electricity To be replicated at major Gateway Ports
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PPA Port Greening Projects


Benefits of Shore-Based Power Supply
Elimination of NOx, SOx, and CO emissions when engines are secured and ships receive power from shore side

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PPA Port Greening Projects


Green Procurement
Considers the environmental impact aside from the price and quality of goods/services Adopted by PPA through private sector participation
Phot Source: http://www.blogcatalog.com/

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PPA Port Greening Projects



Green Procurement through ATI
Asian Terminals, Inc. (ATI) private port operator of Manila South Harbor Procured induction lamps for port lighting purposes with benefits as follows:

Utilize electromagnetic field instead of electrodes to produce fluorescent lighting

Rated maximum lifetime is 100,000 hours or over 11 years


Energy-efficient

Incur low light loss (lumen depreciation)


Environmentally-friendly
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PPA Port Greening Projects


Green Procurement through ATI

Procured heavy cargo handling equipment with minimal gaseous emissions:

Side loaders that are more energy-efficient

Tractors with automatic stopping after several minutes of idling


Electricity-powered rubber-tyred gantry cranes

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PPA Port Greening Projects


Green Procurement through ICTSI International Container Terminal Services, Inc. (ICTSI) private port operator of the Manila International Container Terminal (MICT)

Converted forklifts from Diesel to LPG-powered engines with the following advantages:
reduce emissions significantly

provide 25% cuts in fuel costs incur slight power increase

prolong engine life


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PPA Port Greening Projects


Mangrove-Planting Activity

Mangroves are first line indicators of coastline well-being Overpopulation poses threat to mangrove sustainability

Need for expanded living space may entail excavation, dredging, and reclamation
Minimizes impact of area displacement activities Undertaken in partnership with port users and the underlying port communities Ensures sustainability of coastal resources
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PPA Port Greening Projects


Tree-Planting Activity

Most popular greening program

Implemented during the Philippine Maritime Week


Undertaken in coordination with the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR)

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PPA Port Greening Projects


Tree-Planting Activity

Program objectives
poverty reduction food security

biodiversity conservation
climate change mitigation and adaptation measure
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PPA Port Greening Projects


Seminar on Environmental Protection

Provides education and awareness on the protection of the environment


Promotes environmental protection and stewardship Should involve port users and port communities Aimed to mobilize people for the conservation of the environment
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Introspections

Countries, organizations and individuals should take efforts to prevent Climate Change from reaching its most dangerous potential.

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Introspections

Environmental conservation is something we owe the future generations to enable them to meet their needs and have the chance to prosper and enjoy the bounty of Mother Nature.

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Port Greening Initiatives of the Philippine Ports Authority

http://wowlegazpi.com

Thank You
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