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Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on

Nanostructures (ICNS4)

12-14 March 2012, Kish Island, I.R. Iran

CAR 019

Effect of Varying Dielectric Constant on Relative Stability for Carbon Nanotube based Interconnects
B. Davoodia*, R. Faezb, S. Haji Nasiria, M. Farrokhia a Department of Electrical Engineering, Qazvin Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, 3419915195, Iran b Department of Electrical Engineering, , Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, 1458889695, Iran *b.davoodi@qiau.ac.ir

as an effective and efficient method in order to separate these two types of Carbon Nanotubes. Raman spectroscopy and absorbance spectroscopy were employed to characterize the separated samples. Results show purification of 62% in metallic products. Keywords: Metallic CNT; Semiconducting CNT; Dielectrophoresis; Raman spectroscopy. CAR 022

We present Nyquist stability analysis based on transmission line modeling for single wall carbon nanotube (SWCNT) bundle interconnects. In this analysis, dependence of the degree of relative Nyquist stability for SWCNT bundle interconnects on the dielectric constant (r) of each tube has been acquired. It is shown that with increasing the dielectric constant of each tube, SWCNT bundle interconnects become more stable. Keywords: Carbon nanotube; Interconnects; Dielectric constant; Nyquist stability criterion

Estimation of Ultimate Stress for Defected SingleWalled Carbon Nanotubes


J. Payandehpeyman*, R. Seifi, Gh. Majzoobi Department of Mechanical Engineering Faculty, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran * j.payandehpeyman@gmail.com

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CAR 020

Decoration of Carbon Nanotubes by Palladium Nanoparticles Using Q-switched Nd:YAG Laser


S.Z.Mortazavia, P.Parvina*, A.Reyhanib a Physics Department, Amirkabir University of Technology, Hafez Ave, 15875-4413, Tehran-Iran b Physics Department, Faculty of Science, I. K. I. University, 34149-16818, Qazvin, Iran * parvin@aut.ac.ir

In this paper, ultimate stress of defected single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT) has been investigated by using structural mechanics. For simulation of nonlinear behaviour of C-C bonds, modified Morse potential is used and initial elastic modulus is assigned to equivalent frame element. The nanotube is loaded incrementally and at the each step of loading, the stiffness of each element is changed according to modified Morse potential. When the axial strain of C-C bond attains to 19%, the element is eliminated by decreasing its stiffness to very small value. This procedure is continuing until the nanotube ruptured completely. For applying this method, we used the APDL option of Ansys software. Finally, the ultimate stress of two types of CNTs, zigzag and armchair by taking into vacancy defects is determined for different lengths and diameters. Results show that the ultimate stress of armchair nanotubes is larger than zigzag. Also by increasing length of nanotubes, the ultimate stress decreases clearly. Keywords: Ultimate stress; Defected carbon nanotube; Modified Morse potential CAR 023

Hybrid nanomaterials consisting of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) decorated with palladium nanoparticles are produced by irradiating of solid foil Pd target submerged in the aqueous solutions of MWCNTs with nanosecond laser shots. Q-switched Nd:YAG laser, at 1064 nm having 10 ns duration, 5 Hz repetition rate, 50 mJ pulsed energy and 5 Jcm-2 energy density, induced Pd nanoparticles on the surface of MWCNTs. The aim is to characterize the laser-induced decoration of MWCNTs with Pd nanoparticles for various irradiation times. The structure and surface properties of the decorated MWCNTs and the yield of induced Pd nanoparticles are investigated by several characterization methods such as transmission electron microscopy (TEM), thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and Brunauer- Emmett-Teller (BET). Keywords: Multi-walled carbon nanotubes; Palladium nanoparticles; Nanosecond pulsed laser ablation CAR 021

Synthesis of Nanovectors Based on Functionalization of Single Wall Carbon Nanotubes (SWNT) with Polyethylenimine and Evaluation of Their Transfection Efficiency in Gene Delivery
A. Hashem Niaa, b, M.Ramezanib*, M. Rahimizadeha, H. Eshghia, Kh. Abnoosb. a Faculty of Science, Department of Chemistry, Ferdowsi University, Mashhad, Iran b Nanomedicine Lab, Pharmaceutical Research Center, School of Pharmacy, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran *ramezaniM@mum.ac.ir

New Approach for Separation of Metallic and Semiconducting Carbon Nanotubes


M. Jahanshahia*, M. Izadi farda, A. M. Rashidib, M. Alaeib, M. H. Ameriouna Department of Physics, Shahrood University of Technology, Shahrood, Iran b Nanotechnology research centre, Research Institute of Petroleum Industry, Tehran, Iran *mld.jahan@gmail.com
a

Carbon nanotubes are including metallic and semiconducting phases after synthesizing process. Therefore it is a very important issue which attracts researchers attention for separation of metallic and semiconducting carbon nanotubes. In this work, dielectrophoresis is suggested

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have found their uses in the biological sciences at molecular and cellular levels. Studies interfacing CNTs with biological molecules indicate that such interfaces can be established while the functions of biological molecules are preserved. In our study we used functionalization procedures to improve the solubility and biocompatibility of SWNT. PEI ( poly ethylene imine) have been extensively searched for its binding ability to plasmid due to positive surface charge of its porotonated amine groups in biologic pH and different vectors are synthesized by modifying PEI molecules to improve its viability . By attaching PEI to the surface of SWNT, synthesized vectors will be able to bind plasmid efficiently and internalize the cell without causing allergic reactions and can be used as delivery vehicles for gene delivery purpose. Keywords: Single wall carbon nanotube; Functionalization; Poly ethylene imine; Gene delivery

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