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MODULE 5: AIR AROUND US SECTION A

1. Figure 1 shows the component of gases in air.

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Figure 1 P, Q, R and S are represented by A B C D P Carbon dioxide Oxygen Nitrogen Nitrogen Q Inert gases Nitrogen Oxygen Oxygen R Oxygen Carbon dioxide Inert gases Carbon dioxide S Nitrogen Inert gases Carbon dioxide Inert gases

2. The information below is about the properties of gas X.

Odourless Dissolves in alkaline pyrogallol solution Does not change the colour of litmus paper
Which of the following is probably gas X? A B C D Carbon dioxide Hydrogen Nitrogen Oxygen

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The characteristics in Table 1 below belong to a gas Test Solubility in water Solubility in sodium hydroxide solution Action on a lighted splinter Table 1 The gas is A B C D oxygen nitrogen hydrogen carbon dioxide Result Soluble Very soluble Extinguishes the lighted splinter

An experiment is set up as shown in Figure 2. At the end of the experiment the lime water turn chalky.

Figure 2 What conclusion can be drawn from the experiment? A B C D 5 Carbon element exists in fuel Heat is released when fuel is burning Soot is produced when fuel is burning Carbon dioxide is produced when fuel is burning

Figure 3 below shows a set-up of apparatus

Figure 3

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A gas was collected in the test tube after a few hours. The gas was tested with a few tests. Which of the following is true? Test Effect on burning splinter Effect on lime water Effect on hydrogen carbonate indicator Effect on glowing splinter Changes Extinguished with a pop sound Turns cloudy No changes Relights

A B C D

Figure 4 below shows two candles. Each of them is left burning in different gas jars filled with inhaled air and the other with exhaled air.

Inhale air
Figure 4 Which of the following will be observed? A B C D 7

Exhaled air

Candle Y and Z continues to burn. Candle Y extinguishes before candle Z Candle Z extinguishes before candle Y. Candle Y and Z extinguishes at the same time.

What are the similarities between respiration and combustion? I II III IV A B C D Produce energy Uses oxygen Occurs inside living cells Produce water I and II only I, II and IV only I, III and IV only II, III and IV only

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Which of the following pair is true about pollutants and their effects? Pollutants Carbon monoxide Haze Sulphur dioxide Oxides of nitrogen Effects Thinning of the ozone layer Soil become acidic Cause breathing problem Green house effect

A B C D

Which air pollutants is produced from combustion of fossil fuel? A B C D Nicotine Chlorofluorocarbon Carbon monoxide Nitrogen oxide

10 What is the phenomenon caused by excessive carbon dioxide in the air? A B C D Acid rain Soil erosion Green house effect The thinning of ozone layer

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SECTION B 1. Diagram 1 shows a substance P which is allowed to burn in a gas jar containing lime water.

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Burning spoon Air Substance P Lime water


Diagram1

1
(a) (i) Draw what you observe at the wall of the gas jar. [ 1 mark ] (ii) How to test the presence of the substance formed in (a) (i) .. [ 1 mark ] (b) Write a word equation if the substance P is charcoal.

+ Oxygen

Heat energy

Light energy
[ 2 mark ]

(c ) (i) What happen to the lime water in the gas jar ? [ 1 mark ] (ii) Explain your answer. [ 1 mark ]

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(d) Complete the fire triangle by putting the factors needed for combustion.

(i) (ii) (iii)

P : .. Q: ... R : .

2.

Diagram 2 shows the relationship between respiration and photosynthesis.

R Photosynthesis S
Diagram 2 a. Name the gases R and S R: S: (2 marks).

Respiration

b. Name a living thing that absorbs gas R.


(1 mark).

c. Name 2 living organisms that release gas S.


i ii . (2 mark)

d. Name two processes that release gas S.


. (2 mark)

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e. State two characteristics of gas R and gas S R i:. ii:.... S i:. ii:.... ( 4 marks) 3. Three sets of apparatus as shown in Diagram 3 below are set up and left aside in a horizontal position for three hours.

Diagram 3 The result of the experiment is shown in the Table 1 below. Test tube X Y Z Observation Indicator moves inwards towards the boiling tube Indicator moves inwards towards the boiling tube Indicator does not move Table 1 a What inference can you make from the observation of the indicator? i ii ii b c X: __________________________________________________________ Y : __________________________________________________________

Z: _________________________________________________________ ( 3 marks ) State the function of the cotton soaked with sodium hydroxide solution. ________________________________________________________________ ( 1 mark ) State the conclusion from the observation of the experiment . ___________________________________________________ _____________

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( 1 mark )

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