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GENERAL SANTOS HOPE CHRISTIAN SCHOOL Block 8, City Heights, General Santos City

SECOND PERIODICAL EXAMINATION ADVANCED CHEMISTRY I FOURTH YEAR A and B SY: 2011 - 2012 NAME : _______________________ Teacher: ROGELIO B. PONTEJO
.

SCORE Date: ___________

I.

Multiple Choice: Choose the correct answer. Write the answer in the space provided before each item. a(n) __________ of oxygen.

___B_____ 1. Ozone is

A. isomer B. allotrope C. isotope D. resonance structure


____B____2.

CFC stands for __________. A. B. C. D. chlorinated freon compound chlorofluorocarbon carbonated fluorine compound caustic fluorine carbohydrate

____A___3. Natural,

unpolluted rainwater is typically acidic. What is the source of this natural acidity __________? A. CO 2 B. SO 2 C. NO2 D. HCl

___B____4. What compound in limestone and marble is attacked by acid rain __________? A. B. C. D. hydroxyapatite calcium carbonate gypsum graphite

____A___5. CO 2 from hydrocarbon combustion creates a major environmental problem that is described as __________. A. B. C. D. the greenhouse effect photochemical smog acid rain stratospheric ozone depletion

___A____ 6. Compounds found in fossil fuels that contain __________ are primarily responsible for acid rain. A. B. C. D. sulfur carbon hydrogen phosphorus

___D______7. Ozone is a necessary, protective component of the __________, but is considered a pollutant in the __________. A. B. C. D. troposphere, upper atmosphere troposphere, air photochemical smog, air we breathe upper atmosphere, troposphere

__D_____8. What is the percentage of freshwater on planet Earth? A. B. C. D. 97% 2.1% 2.8% 0.6%

___D_____9. The sterilizing action of chlorine in water is due to what substance? A. B. C. D.


ClCl2 HCl HClO

___D_____10. The majority of ozone that protects against the high energy radiation of the sun is found in the __________. A. B. C. D. thermosphere mesosphere mesopause stratosphere

___D___11. ) Of the following, only __________ does not result in the formation of acid rain. A. carbon dioxide B. ) nitrogen dioxide C. sulfur dioxide D. methane ___C_____12. To produce acceptable quality drinking water from seawater by desalination, the level of salt must be reduced __________ fold. A. 10 B. 50 C. 70 D. 100 E. 120

___C__13. A single individual typically uses the greatest quantity of water for __________. A. B. C. D. flushing toilets cooking cleaning (bathing, laundering, and house cleaning) watering lawns

___A__14. Water containing high concentrations of __________ cations is called hard water. A) Ca 2 or Mg 2 B) Mg 2 C) Na D) K ___D___15. A strong acid
A. ionizes completely in solution. B. produces hydronium ions in solution. C. reacts with metals that are more active than hydrogen. D. All of the above ___D_____16. An Arrhenius acid is a chemical compound that A. does not conduct electricity. B. increases the concentration of H_ ions in solution. C. reacts with water to remove H_ ions. D. dissociates to release OH_ ions in solution.

_________17. In the following reaction, which substance acts as a Brnsted-Lowry base? HCl + NH3
A. HCl B. NH3 C. NH4 D. Cl_

NH4

Cl_

________18. Which of the following is a polyprotic acid?


a. HCl b. H2SO4 c. HNO3 d. HF

_______19. Which stage of ionization of H3PO4 produces the most ions in solution?
A. B. C. D.
________20. Which of the following substances can act as an Arrhenius base, a Brnsted-Lowry

base, and a Lewis base?


A. B. C. D.

_______ 21. Which of the following will be present in an aqueous solution of H 2SO4?

A. B. C. D.

_______22. Which of the following characteristics describes a base?


A. reacts with oils in the skin and converts them to acids B. forms alkaline solutions C. is a nonelectrolyte D. None of the above ________23. All Brnsted-Lowry acids A. are aqueous solutions. B. can act as Arrhenius acids. C. donate protons. D. All of the above _______24. A Lewis acid A. is an anion. B. donates an electron pair to form a covalent bond. C. can be a substance that does not contain a hydrogen atom. D. All of the above ________25. A conjugate acid is an acid that forms when A. the acid gains a proton. B. a base loses a proton. C. a base gains a proton. D. an atom accepts an electron pair. _______26. Ions that are present before and after a neutralization reaction are A. nonelectrolytes. B. metal ions. C. neutral ions. D. spectator ions. _______27. A conjugate base is the species that A. remains after a base has given up a proton. B. is formed by the addition of a proton. C. is formed by the addition of a proton to a base. D. remains after an acid has given up a proton. _______28. Water is amphoteric. If it reacts with a compound that is a stronger acid than itself, water acts as a A. weak base. B. strong base. C. weak acid. D. hydroxide ion.

_______29. A solution that has a pH of 13 is a

A. strong acid. B. strong base. C. weak acid. D. weak base. ______30. What is the [OH_] in a sample of lime juice with a pH of 2.0? A. 1.0 _ 10_2 M B. 1.0 _ 10_7 M C. 1.0 _ 10_10 M D. 1.0 _ 10_12 M
________31. What is the reason for the relatively low density of ice?

A. empty spaces between molecules B. the high number of hydrogen bonds C. the small size of hydrogen and oxygen atoms D. the low molar mass of water _______32. All of the following are homogeneous mixtures except A. tomato soup. B. a sugar-water solution. C. gasoline. D. a salt-water solution.

______ 33. A mixture that appears to be uniform while being stirred but which separates into different phases when agitation ceases is a
A. solvent. B. colloid. C. suspension. D. solute.

______ 34. What type of solute-solvent combination is carbon dioxide in air?


A. gas-liquid B. liquid-gas C. liquid-liquid D. gas-gas _______35. A substance that is not soluble in a polar solvent is most likely A. nonpolar. B. ionic. C. polar. D. hydrogen bonded.

______ 36. Sugar is soluble in water because sugar molecules are


A. massive. B. large. C. nonpolar. D. polar.

______37. Which of the following actions does not, in general, increase the solubility of a solid in a liquid?
A. increasing the temperature of the solvent B. increasing the surface area of the solute C. increasing the pressure of the solution D. shaking or stirring the solution ______38. If the amount of dissolved solute in a solution at a given temperature is greater than the amount that can permanently remain in solution at that temperature, the solution is said to be A. saturated. B. unsaturated.

C. supersaturated D. diluted

______ 39. All of the KBr that will dissolve in a solution has dissolved, and several undissolved crystals remain on the bottom of the beaker. The solution is
A. saturated. B. supersaturated. C. unsaturated. D. at the incorrect pressure to dissolve the solid.

______ 40. How can you best increase the solubility of a gas in a liquid?
A. Increase both the temperature and the pressure. B. Decrease both the temperature and the pressure. C. Increase the temperature and decrease the pressure. D. Decrease the temperature and increase the pressure.

______ 41. The enthalpy of solution for solid AgNO3 is positive. What does this tell you about the formation of a AgNO3 solution?
A. AgNO3 will not form a solution. B. Energy is released during the solution process. C. AgNO3 will dissolve only under high pressure. D. Energy is absorbed during the solution process. ______42. When preparing 500. mL of a 1.35 M aqueous solution of NaCl, what should you do after adding the correct amount of solute to a large beaker? A. Add 500. mL of water, and stir until solute dissolves. B. Add 500. mL of water, dissolve solute, and add to a volumetric flask. C. Add 400 mL of water, dissolve solute, add to a volumetric flask, add water to 500. mL mark, and mix thoroughly. D. Add 400. mL of water, dissolve solute, add to a volumetric flask, add 100. mL of water, mix thoroughly, and transfer to another container.

______43. When preparing a 2.50 m aqueous solution of KOH, you correctly calculate that you need 140.3 g of KOH and 1.000 Kg (or 1.000 L) of water. What should you do after adding 140.3 g of KOH to a large beaker?
A. Add 1000. mL of water, and stir until solute dissolves. B. Add 900. mL of water, dissolve solute, add to a volumetric flask, and then add water to the 1000. mL mark. C. Add 900. mL of water, dissolve solute, add to a volumetric flask, add water to 1000. mL mark and mix thoroughly. D. Add 900 mL of water, dissolve solute, add to a volumetric flask, add water to 1000. mL mark, mix thoroughly, and transfer to another container.

______ 44. Which of the following is not used in preparing a 0.300 m aqueous solution of NaBr (molar mass _ 102.89 g/mol) with 1.00 Kg of solvent?
A. 0.300 mol water B. 0.300 mol NaBr C. graduated cylinder D. 0.300 mol _ molar mass of NaBr

______ 45. Which of the following statements about concentration is true?


A. A concentrated solution may be saturated. B. A saturated solution may be dilute. C. A dilute solution may be unsaturated. D. All of the above _______46. How many grams of CaCl2 (molar mass _ 110.98 g/mol) are needed to prepare 1.00 L of a 1.00 M solution? A. 1.00 g B. 40.08 g C. 75.53 g D. 110.98 g

______ 47. You know the mass of solute and the volume of solution. What is the first step in finding the molarity of the solution?
A. Divide the mass by molar mass to determine number of moles. B. Divide the mass by the volume of solution. C. Divide the volume of solution by its mass. D. Divide the number of moles by the volume of solution. ______48. What does the 254 in fermium-254 represent? A. mass number B. atomic number C. number of neutrons D. number of protons ______49. Which of the following best identifies the neutron-proton ratio referred to as the band of stability? A. for low atomic numbers, 1 : 1 B. for high atomic numbers, 1.5 : 1 C. for most elements, 1 : 1.25 D. Both (a) and (b)

______50. Which combination of protons and neutrons results in the most stable nuclei?
A. even number of protons; odd number of neutrons B. even number of protons; even number of neutrons C. odd number of protons; even number of neutrons D. odd number of protons; odd number of neutrons ______51.

A. alpha decay. B. beta decay. C. electron capture. D. fusion.

_____52. What percentage of the original amount of carbon-14 remains in a 20 g sample after two half-lives?
A. 50%

B. 25%

C. 20%

D. 0%

______53. A 0.15 M solution of HCl reacts with an excess of calcium carbonate, CaCO3. A volume of 25.0 mL of HCl is used. To determine the number of moles of CaCl2 produced, you need to know A. the amount of the other product produced. B. the molar mass of HCl. C. the molar mass of CaCl2. D. the balanced chemical equation for the reaction.

54. Which of the following statements concerning a saturated solution is incorrect? A. B. C. D. Undissolved solute must be present. Undissolved solute may or may not be present. Undissolved solute, if present, is continually dissolving. Undissolved solute, if present, is in equilibrium with dissolved solute.

55. Which of the following statements concerning factors that affect solute solubility is incorrect? A. Most solid solutes become more soluble in water with increasing temperature. B. Most solid solutes become less soluble in water with decreasing pressure. C. Gaseous solutes become less soluble in water with increasing temperature. D. Gaseous solutes become more soluble in water with increasing pressure.

56. The solubility rule like dissolves like is not adequate for predicting solubilities when the solute is a(n) A. nonpolar gas. B. ionic compound. C. nonpolar liquid. D. polar gas

57. Calculate the concentration in % (m/m) of a solution containing 20.0 g of NaCl dissolved in 250.0 g of H2O. A. 6.76% (m/m) B. 7.41% (m/m) C. 8.00% (m/m) D. 8.25% (m/m)

58. Calculate the grams of NaOH present in 5.0 mL of a 1.0% (m/v) NaOH solution. A. 0.050 g B. 0.10 g C. 0.50 g D. 1.0 g

_59. The defining expression for the molarity concentration unit is A. B. C. D. moles of solute/liters of solution. moles of solute/liters of solvent. grams of solute/liters of solution. grams of solute/liters of solvent.

60. A solution is made by dissolving 0.40 mole of NaCl in enough water to give a final volume of 250.0 mL. What is the molarity of the solution? A. B. 0.10 M 0.80 M C. 1.6 M D. 2.5 M

61. What is the molarity of a solution containing 17.0 grams of NH3 in 1.20 liters of solution? A. 0.0833 M B. 0.833 M C. 1.42 M D. 14.2 M

62. A 0.200 M solution of NaOH, which contains 0.250 mole of solute, would have a volume, in milliliters, of A. B. 20.0 mL. 50.0 mL. C. D. 725 mL 1250 Ml.

63. A colloidal dispersion differs from a true solution in that colloidal particles A. B. C. D. tend to settle at an appreciable rate. are large enough to scatter light. are large enough to be seen with the naked eye. are large enough to be seen with a microscope.

64. Compared to pure water, a 1 M sugar-water solution will have a A. B. C. D. lower vapor pressure, lower boiling point and lower freezing point. higher vapor pressure, higher boiling point and higher freezing point. lower vapor pressure, higher boiling point and lower freezing point. lower vapor pressure, lower boiling point and higher freezing point.

_______65. Given the balanced equation representing a nuclear reaction:


. Which particle is represented by X?

A.

C.

B.

D.

_______66. What is the oxidation half-reaction for the following redox reaction?

A. B. C. D.

______67. The charge of an oxygen atom in Na2O2 is A. 2 B. 1 C. 0 D. -1

_______68. What is the reduction half-reaction for the following redox reaction?

A. B. C. D. _______69. A. B. C. D. ________70. The term oxidation arose early in the history of chemistry, when scientists observed elements combining with oxygen in combustion reactions.

A. B. C. D.

II.

BALANCING REDOX REACTION IN ACIDIC MEDIUM: (5 points)

Cr2O72(aq) + HNO2(aq)

Cr3+(aq) + NO3(aq) (acidic)

GOD BLESS