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LS-DYNA

KEYWORD USER'S MANUAL


VOLUME I
March 2001
Version 960
Copyright 1992-2001
LIVERMORE SOFTWARE
TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION
All Rights Reserved

LS-DYNA

1

Mailing Address:
Livermore Software Technology Corporation
2876 Waverley Way
Livermore, California 94550-1740
Support Address;
Livermore Software Technology Corporation
7374 Las Positas Road
Livermore, California 94550
TEL: 925-449-2500
FAX: 925-449-2507
EMAIL: sales@lstc.com
Copyright 1992-2001 by Livermore Software Technology Corporation
All Rights Reserved

...
:
. . , . . , . . , . . , . C.
:
. .
-
456770, . , . , 13
e-mail: lsdyna@strela.snz.ru
.: (351-72) 5-24-12, (351-72) 5-21-11
: (351-72) 5-25-52

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VDA/IGES ..................................................................... I42
....................................................................................................... I43
LS- ................................................................................................................ I43
................................................................. I46
................................................................................................. I47
.............................................................................................. I47
*AIRBAG.......................................................................................................................................1.1
*AIRBAG_OPTION1_{OPTION2}......................................................................................1.1
*AIRBAG_INTERACTION...............................................................................................1.41
*AIRBAG_REFERENCE_GEOMETRY_OPTION_OPTION..........................................1.43
*ALE ..............................................................................................................................................2.1
*ALE_MULTI-MATERIAL_GROUP .................................................................................2.2
*ALE_REFERENCE_SYSTEM_CURVE ...........................................................................2.4
*ALE_REFERENCE_SYSTEM_GROUP ...........................................................................2.6
*ALE_REFERENCE_SYSTEM_NODE..............................................................................2.9
*ALE_REFERENCE_SYSTEM_SWITCH .......................................................................2.11
*ALE_SMOOTHING .........................................................................................................2.13

LS-DYNA Version 960

*BOUNDARY ...............................................................................................................................3.1
*BOUNDARY_ACOUSTIC_COUPLING ..........................................................................3.2
*BOUNDARY_AMBIENT_EOS.........................................................................................3.3
*BOUNDARY_CONVECTION_OPTION ..........................................................................3.4
*BOUNDARY_CYCLIC......................................................................................................3.6
*BOUNDARY_ELEMENT_METHOD_OPTION ..............................................................3.8
*BOUNDARY_FLUX_OPTION........................................................................................3.19
*BOUNDARY_MCOL.......................................................................................................3.22
*BOUNDARY_NON_REFLECTING ...............................................................................3.24
*BOUNDARY_NON_REFLECTING_2D ........................................................................3.25
*BOUNDARY_OUTFLOW_CFD_OPTION.....................................................................3.27
*BOUNDARY_PRESCRIBED_CFD_OPTION ................................................................3.29
*BOUNDARY_PRESCRIBED_MOTION_OPTION........................................................3.31
*BOUNDARY_PRESSURE_CFD_SET............................................................................3.36
*BOUNDARY_PRESSURE_OUTFLOW_OPTION.........................................................3.38
*BOUNDARY_RADIATION_OPTION............................................................................3.40
*BOUNDARY_SLIDING_PLANE....................................................................................3.44
*BOUNDARY_SPC_OPTION...........................................................................................3.45
*BOUNDARY_SYMMETRY_FAILURE .........................................................................3.47
*BOUNDARY_TEMPERATURE_OPTION.....................................................................3.48
*BOUNDARY_THERMAL_WELD..................................................................................3.49
*BOUNDARY_USA_SURFACE ......................................................................................3.52
*COMPONENT

4.1

*COMPONENT_GEBOD_OPTION ....................................................................................4.2
*COMPONENT_GEBOD_JOINT_OPTION .......................................................................4.4
*COMPONENT_HYBRIDIII...............................................................................................4.8
*COMPONENT_HYBRIDIII_JOINT_OPTION ...............................................................4.10
*CONSTRAINED

5.1

*CONSTRAINED_ADAPTIVITY.......................................................................................5.2
*CONSTRAINED_EXTRA_NODES_OPTION..................................................................5.3
*CONSTRAINED_GENERALIZED_WELD_OPTION .....................................................5.5

LS-DYNA Version 960

*CONSTRAINED_GLOBAL.............................................................................................5.18
*CONSTRAINED_INTERPOLATION .............................................................................5.20
*CONSTRAINED_JOINT_OPTION_{OPTION} .............................................................5.24
*CONSTRAINED_JOINT_STIFFNESS_OPTION ...........................................................5.34
*CONSTRAINED_LAGRANGE_IN_SOLID ...................................................................5.44
*CONSTRAINED_LINEAR ..............................................................................................5.47
*CONSTRAINED_NODAL_RIGID_BODY_{OPTION}.................................................5.50
*CONSTRAINED_NODE_SET.........................................................................................5.56
*CONSTRAINED_POINTS...............................................................................................5.58
*CONSTRAINED_RIGID_BODIES .................................................................................5.60
*CONSTRAINED_RIGID_BODY_STOPPERS ...............................................................5.62
*CONSTRAINED_RIVET .................................................................................................5.65
*CONSTRAINED_SHELL_TO_SOLID ...........................................................................5.67
*CONSTRAINED_SPOTWELD_{OPTION} ....................................................................5.69
*CONSTRAINED_TIE-BREAK........................................................................................5.73
*CONSTRAINED_TIED_NODES_FAILURE..................................................................5.75
*CONTACT...................................................................................................................................6.1
*CONTACT_{OPTION1}_{OPTION2}_{OPTION3}_{OPTION4}....................................6.2
*CONTACT_ENTITY........................................................................................................6.41
*CONTACT_GEBOD_OPTION ........................................................................................6.50
*CONTACT_INTERIOR....................................................................................................6.53
*CONTACT_RIGID_SURFACE .......................................................................................6.55
*CONTACT_1D .................................................................................................................6.59
*CONTACT_2D_OPTION1_{OPTION2}_{OPTION3}....................................................6.60
*CONTROL ..................................................................................................................................7.1
*CONTROL_ACCURACY ..................................................................................................7.3
*CONTROL_ADAPSTEP ....................................................................................................7.5
*CONTROL_ADAPTIVE ....................................................................................................7.6
*CONTROL_ALE ..............................................................................................................7.11
*CONTROL_BULK_VISCOSITY ....................................................................................7.13
*CONTROL_CFD_AUTO .................................................................................................7.14

LS-DYNA Version 960

*CONTROL_CFD_GENERAL..........................................................................................7.16
*CONTROL_CFD_MOMENTUM ....................................................................................7.18
*CONTROL_CFD_PRESSURE.........................................................................................7.21
*CONTROL_CFD_TRANSPORT .....................................................................................7.24
*CONTROL_CFD_TURBULENCE ..................................................................................7.28
*CONTROL_COARSEN....................................................................................................7.29
*CONTROL_CONTACT ...................................................................................................7.31
*CONTROL_COUPLING ..................................................................................................7.37
*CONTROL_CPU ..............................................................................................................7.39
*CONTROL_DYNAMIC_RELAXATION .......................................................................7.40
*CONTROL_ENERGY ......................................................................................................7.42
*CONTROL_EXPLOSIVE_SHADOW .............................................................................7.44
*CONTROL_HOURGLASS_{OPTION}...........................................................................7.45
*CONTROL_IMPLICIT_AUTO........................................................................................7.47
*CONTROL_IMPLICIT_DYNAMICS..............................................................................7.49
*CONTROL_IMPLICIT_EIGENVALUE .........................................................................7.51
*CONTROL_IMPLICIT_GENERAL ................................................................................7.53
*CONTROL_IMPLICIT_SOLUTION...............................................................................7.55
*CONTROL_IMPLICIT_SOLVER ...................................................................................7.60
*CONTROL_IMPLICIT_STABILIZATION.....................................................................7.64
*CONTROL_NONLOCAL ................................................................................................7.66
*CONTROL_OUTPUT ......................................................................................................7.67
*CONTROL_PARALLEL..................................................................................................7.69
*CONTROL_REMESHING...............................................................................................7.71
*CONTROL_RIGID ...........................................................................................................7.72
*CONTROL_SHELL..........................................................................................................7.74
*CONTROL_SOLID ..........................................................................................................7.79
*CONTROL_SOLUTION ..................................................................................................7.80
*CONTROL_SPH...............................................................................................................7.81
*CONTROL_STRUCTURED_{OPTION} ........................................................................7.82
*CONTROL_SUBCYCLE .................................................................................................7.83

LS-DYNA Version 960

*CONTROL_TERMINATION ..........................................................................................7.84
*CONTROL_THERMAL_NONLINEAR..........................................................................7.86
*CONTROL_THERMAL_SOLVER .................................................................................7.87
*CONTROL_THERMAL_TIMESTEP..............................................................................7.89
*CONTROL_TIMESTEP ...................................................................................................7.90
*DAMPING ...................................................................................................................................8.1
*DAMPING_GLOBAL ........................................................................................................8.1
*DAMPING_PART_MASS .................................................................................................8.4
*DAMPING_PART_STIFFNESS ........................................................................................8.6
*CONTROL_RELATIVE.....................................................................................................8.8
*DATABASE.................................................................................................................................9.1
*DATABASE_OPTION .......................................................................................................9.2
*DATABASE_BINARY_OPTION ......................................................................................9.7
*DATABASE_CROSS_SECTION_OPTION....................................................................9.12
*DATABASE_EXTENT_OPTION....................................................................................9.16
*DATABASE_FORMAT ...................................................................................................9.25
*DATABASE_HISTORY_OPTION ..................................................................................9.26
*DATABASE_NODAL_FORCE_GROUP .......................................................................9.28
*DATABASE_SPRING_FORWARD................................................................................9.29
*DATABASE_SUPERPLASTIC_FORMING...................................................................9.30
*DATABASE_TRACER ....................................................................................................9.31
*DEFINE .....................................................................................................................................10.1
*DEFINE_BOX ..................................................................................................................10.2
*DEFINE_BOX_ADAPTIVE ............................................................................................10.3
*DEFINE_BOX_COARSEN..............................................................................................10.5
*DEFINE_BOX_DRAWBEAD .........................................................................................10.6
*DEFINE_COORDINATE_NODES..................................................................................10.7
*DEFINE_COORDINATE_SYSTEM ...............................................................................10.9
*DEFINE_COORDINATE_VECTOR .............................................................................10.11
*DEFINE_CURVE ...........................................................................................................10.13
*DEFINE_CURVE_FEEDBACK ....................................................................................10.16

LS-DYNA Version 960

*DEFINE_CURVE_SMOOTH ........................................................................................10.19
*DEFINE_CURVE_TRIM ...............................................................................................10.21
*DEFINE_SD_ORIENTATION.......................................................................................10.24
*DEFINE_TABLE ............................................................................................................10.26
*DEFINE_TRANSFORMATION ....................................................................................10.28
*DEFINE_VECTOR .........................................................................................................10.32
*DEFORMABLE_TO_RIGID ..................................................................................................11.1
*DEFORMABLE_TO_RIGID............................................................................................11.2
*DEFORMABLE_TO_RIGID_AUTOMATIC..................................................................11.3
*DEFORMABLE_TO_RIGID_INERTIA..........................................................................11.8
*ELEMENT.................................................................................................................................12.1
*ELEMENT_BEAM_{OPTION} .......................................................................................12.2
*ELEMENT_DIRECT_MATRIX_INPUT ........................................................................12.8
*ELEMENT_DISCRETE .................................................................................................12.10
*ELEMENT_INERTIA ....................................................................................................12.12
*ELEMENT_MASS..........................................................................................................12.14
*ELEMENT_SEATBELT ................................................................................................12.15
*ELEMENT_SEATBELT_ACCELEROMETER............................................................12.16
*ELEMENT_SEATBELT_PRETENSIONER .................................................................12.17
*ELEMENT_SEATBELT_RETRACTOR.......................................................................12.20
*ELEMENT_SEATBELT_SENSOR ...............................................................................12.26
*ELEMENT_SEATBELT_SLIPRING ............................................................................12.30
*ELEMENT_SHELL_{OPTION} ....................................................................................12.32
*ELEMENT_SOLID_{OPTION} .....................................................................................12.36
*ELEMENT_SPH .............................................................................................................12.41
*ELEMENT_TRIM ..........................................................................................................12.42
*ELEMENT_TSHELL......................................................................................................12.43
*EOS.............................................................................................................................................13.1
*EOS_LINEAR_POLYNOMIAL ......................................................................................13.2
*EOS_JWL..........................................................................................................................13.4
*EOS_SACK_TUESDAY ..................................................................................................13.5

LS-DYNA Version 960

*EOS_GRUNEISEN...........................................................................................................13.6
*EOS_RATIO_OF_POLYNOMIALS................................................................................13.8
*EOS_LINEAR_POLYNOMIAL_WITH_ENERGY_LEAK .........................................13.12
*EOS_IGNITION_AND_GROWTH_OF_REACTION_IN_HE ....................................13.14
*EOS_TABULATED_COMPACTION ...........................................................................13.18
*EOS_TABULATED........................................................................................................13.20
*EOS_PROPELLANT_DEFLAGRATION .....................................................................13.22
*EOS_TENSOR_PORE_COLLAPSE..............................................................................13.27
*EOS_JWLB .....................................................................................................................13.30
*HOURGLASS ...........................................................................................................................14.1
*INCLUDE ..................................................................................................................................15.1
*INCLUDE_{OPTION} ......................................................................................................15.1
*INITIAL.....................................................................................................................................16.1
*INITIAL_CFD...................................................................................................................16.2
*INITIAL_DETONATION ................................................................................................16.4
*INITIAL_FOAM_REFERENCE_GEOMETRY..............................................................16.8
*INITIAL_MOMENTUM ..................................................................................................16.9
*INITIAL_STRain_SHELL..............................................................................................16.10
*INITIAL_STRESS_BEAM.............................................................................................16.11
*INITIAL_STRESS_SHELL............................................................................................16.12
*INITIAL_STRESS_SOLID ............................................................................................16.14
*INITIAL_TEMPERATURE_OPTION ...........................................................................16.16
*INITIAL_VEHICLE_KINEMATICS.............................................................................16.17
*INITIAL_VELOCITY ....................................................................................................16.20
*INITIAL_VELOCITY_NODE .......................................................................................16.23
*INITIAL_VELOCITY_GENERATION.........................................................................16.24
*INITIAL_VOID_OPTION ..............................................................................................16.26
*INITIAL_VOLUME_FRACTION .................................................................................16.27
*INTEGRATION........................................................................................................................17.1
*INTEGRATION_BEAM ..................................................................................................17.1
*INTEGRATION_SHELL..................................................................................................17.6

LS-DYNA Version 960

*INTERFACE .............................................................................................................................18.1
*INTERFACE_COMPONENT_OPTION..........................................................................18.2
*INTERFACE_LINKING_DISCRETE_NODE_OPTION................................................18.3
*INTERFACE_LINKING_SEGMENT..............................................................................18.4
*INTERFACE_LINKING_EDGE......................................................................................18.5
*INTERFACE_JOY............................................................................................................18.6
*INTERFACE_SPRINGBACK_OPTION1_OPTION2.....................................................18.7
*LOAD .........................................................................................................................................19.1
*LOAD_BEAM_OPTION ..................................................................................................19.2
*LOAD_BLAST .................................................................................................................19.4
*LOAD_BODY_OPTION ..................................................................................................19.6
*LOAD_BODY_GENERALIZED...................................................................................19.10
*LOAD_BRODE ..............................................................................................................19.13
*LOAD_DENSITY_DEPTH ............................................................................................19.15
*LOAD_HEAT_GENERATION_OPTION .....................................................................19.17
*LOAD_MASK ................................................................................................................19.18
*LOAD_NODE_OPTION ................................................................................................19.21
*LOAD_RIGID_BODY....................................................................................................19.24
*LOAD_SEGMENT .........................................................................................................19.26
*LOAD_SEGMENT_SET ................................................................................................19.28
*LOAD_SHELL_OPTION ...............................................................................................19.30
*LOAD_SSA.....................................................................................................................19.32
*LOAD_SUPERPLASTIC_FORMING...........................................................................19.35
*LOAD_THERMAL_OPTION ........................................................................................19.38
*NODE .........................................................................................................................................20.1
*NODE ................................................................................................................................20.2
*NODE_RIGID_SURFACE...............................................................................................20.4
*PART..........................................................................................................................................21.1
*PART_{OPTION1}_{OPTION2}_{OPTION3}_{OPTION4} ..........................................21.2
*PART_MODES...............................................................................................................21.11
*PART_MOVE .................................................................................................................21.15

LS-DYNA Version 960

*RIGIDWALL ............................................................................................................................22.1
*RIGIDWALL_GEOMETRIC_OPTION_{OPTION} .......................................................22.2
*RIGIDWALL_PLANAR_{OPTION}_{OPTION}_{OPTION}......................................22.12
*SECTION...................................................................................................................................23.1
*SECTION_BEAM.............................................................................................................23.2
*SECTION_DISCRETE .....................................................................................................23.9
*SECTION_SEATBELT ..................................................................................................23.12
*SECTION_SHELL_{OPTION} ......................................................................................23.13
*SECTION_SOLID_{OPTION}.......................................................................................23.21
*SECTION_SPH...............................................................................................................23.25
*SECTION_TSHELL .......................................................................................................23.27
*SET .............................................................................................................................................24.1
*SET_BEAM_OPTION ......................................................................................................24.2
*SET_DISCRETE_{OPTION} ...........................................................................................24.5
*SET_NODE_OPTION ......................................................................................................24.8
*SET_PART_OPTION .....................................................................................................24.12
*SET_SEGMENT_{OPTION} .........................................................................................24.15
*SET_SHELL_OPTION ...................................................................................................24.20
*SET_SOLID_{OPTION}.................................................................................................24.24
*SET_TSHELL_{OPTION} .............................................................................................24.27
*TERMINATION .......................................................................................................................25.1
*TERMINATION_NODE ..................................................................................................25.2
*TERMINATION_BODY ..................................................................................................25.3
*TERMINATION_CONTACT ..........................................................................................25.4
*TITLE ........................................................................................................................................26.1
*TRANSLATE ............................................................................................................................27.1
*TRANSLATE_ANSYS_OPTION ....................................................................................27.1
*TRANSLATE_IDEAS_{OPTION} ..................................................................................27.3
*TRANSLATE_NASTRAN...............................................................................................27.5
*USER..........................................................................................................................................28.1
*USER_INTERFACE_OPTION ........................................................................................28.1

LS-DYNA Version 960

*USER_LOADING.............................................................................................................28.3
RESTART INPUT DATA..........................................................................................................29.1
*CHANGE_OPTION ..........................................................................................................29.3
*CONTROL_DYNAMIC_RELAXATION .....................................................................29.16
*CONTROL_TERMINATION ........................................................................................29.18
*CONTROL_TIMESTEP .................................................................................................29.19
*DAMPING_GLOBAL ....................................................................................................29.21
*DATABASE_OPTION ...................................................................................................29.22
*DATABASE_BINARY_OPTION ..................................................................................29.24
*DELETE_OPTION..........................................................................................................29.25
*INTERFACE_SPRINGBACK........................................................................................29.27
*RIGID_DEFORMABLE_OPTION ................................................................................29.29
*STRESS_INITIALIZATION_{OPTION} ......................................................................29.32
*TERMINATION_OPTION.............................................................................................29.35
*TITLE ..............................................................................................................................29.37

LS-DYNA Version 960


LS-DYNA


DYNA3D
[1].
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,
.

- , 1976
, . ,

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LS-DYNA 960

I.1 ()

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1981 .
1986
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LS-DYNA 960

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LS-DYNA 960

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I.10 ()

LS-DYNA 960


*MAT_CABLE_DISCRETE_BEAM.
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, .
*TERMINATION_CONTACT.
8, 10 -
(Belytschko-Tsay) , ,
,
. -
10.
-

.
D3PLOT.
,

.
, ,
d=/home/user /test/d3dump.
- MATSUM RBDOUT
. , PRINT,
*PART.
- D3THDT. .
*DATABASE_EXTENT_BINARY

25

19
.
,
.
.
, 1998-2000 . 960.

(MPP),
(SMP); ,

, .
SMP MPP
. MPP
,
LS-DYNA.
.
.

.
,
( SMP).

LS-DYNA 960

I.11 ()



*DEFINE_CURVE_SMOOTH.

*CONTACT_SPOTWELD_WITH_TORSION ( SMP
MPP,
).

*CONTACT_AUTOMATIC_..._ TIEBREAK.
( SMP).
*CONTACT_RIGID_SURFACE
( SMP).
PLANAR PLANAR_FINITE
.

INTERFERENCE.
,
,
.

*MAT_SPOTWELD_DAMAGE.

*MAT_ FINITE_ELASTIC_STRAIN_PLASTICITY.
: *MAT_SHAPE_MEMORY.
*MAT_MODIFIED_HONEYCOMB

. ,
.
, . *MAT_
FABRIC.
:
*MAT_MODIFIED_FORCE_LIMITED
*MAT_SEISMIC_BEAM
*MAT_CONCRETE_BEAM
:
*MAT_ELASTIC_VISCOPLASTIC_THERMAL
:
*MAT_GURSON
*MAT_GEPLASTIC_SRATE2000
*MAT_ELASTIC_VISCOPLASTIC_THERMAL
*MAT_COMPOSITE_LAYUP
*MAT_COMPOSITE_LAYUP
*MAT_COMPOSITE_DIRECT
:
*MAT_JOHNSON_HOLMQUIST_CERAMICS
*MAT_JOHNSON_HOLMQUIST_CONCRETE
*MAT_INV_HYPERBOLIC_SIN

I.12 ()

LS-DYNA 960

*MAT_UNIFIED_CREEP
*MAT_SOIL_BRICK
*MAT_DRUCKER_PRAGER
*MAT_RC_SHEAR_WALL;
-
(Johnson-Cook) :
*MAT_SIMPLIFIED_JOHNSON_COOK
16
.

. *MAT_NONLOCAL
.
(DKT)

17. ,
C0.

18.
.
4- C0
20
.
()

.

.
,
.
,
.

.
, . *DAMPING_
RELATIVE ( SMP).

.

-.
.
.
( SET_SHELL_GENERAL ..)
.
sw4. ,
D3DRLF, , D3DRLF
.

LS-DYNA 960

I.13 ()

, PART ID,
MATSUM,
( SMP).
-
20
.
, ,
BCSLIB-EXT ( SMP).


*CONTROL_ACCURACY.


( SMP).

FORMING.
, ( SMP).
- 14 .
8 ( SMP).
(
SMP).
.
NVH (Noise, Vibration, Harshness , ,
),
CONSTRAINED_POINTS .
.
- 26.
CONSTAINED_INTERPOLATION
( SMP).
,

.
*CONTACT_GENERAL
26.
_INTERIOR GENERAL.
,
, 24 - (Cowper-Symonds)
.
CADFEM ASCII .
.

,
. log-, D3HSP
MESSAG,
-
MESSAG D3HSP.
LS-DYNA .

I.14 ()

LS-DYNA 960


66, 67, 68, 93 95.
SCOOR 2 3
*SECTION_BEAM.
:
*MAT_ELASTIC_SPRING_DISCRETE_BEAM
*MAT_INELASTIC_SPRING_DISCRETE_BEAM
*MAT_ELASTIC_6DOF_SPRING_DISCRETE_BEAM
*MAT_INELASTIC_6DOF_SPRING_DISCRETE_BEAM

.
(SPC)
, ,
.
, CID,
.

. 18
- ( SMP).
,
, .. 0.10.
.
SIMPLE_PRESSURE_VOLUME
CN . ,
, CN,
. CN
, .
CHEMKIN NIST .
.
(
)
(SMP). ,
MPP.
*CONTROL_CONTACT
*CONTACT.
- ()
D3THDT NODOUT.
LS-DYNA .
,
*INCLUDE_STAMPED_PART,
LS-DYNA
, .

,
*INCLUDE_TRANSFORM. ,
INCLUDE: ID; ,
,
.

LS-DYNA 960

I.15 ()

. 2. ,
. 1 , . 2.


,
.
. , *ELEMENT
, , , , ,
.
LS-DYNA
.
.
LS-DYNA, ;
; ; ,
; , () ..
. ,
, ,
:
$
$

$
*NODE
10101
x
y
z
10201
x
y
z
$
$

$
*ELEMENT_SHELL
10201
pid
n1
n2
n3
n4
10301
pid
n1
n2
n3
n4

:
$
$

$
*NODE
10101
x
y
z
$
$

$
*ELEMENT_SHELL
10201
pid
n1
n2
n3
n4
$
$

$
*NODE
10201
x
y
z
$

I.16 ()

LS-DYNA 960

$

$
*ELEMENT_SHELL
10301
pid
n1
n2
n3
n4

,
. , ,
. *
. $
, .
LS-DYNA,
, .
, .
*NODE *NODE
.
*END, .
*END
.
I.1
. ,
*ELEMENT, : EID,
PID NID,
N1, N2, N3 N4. *NODE,
. ,
*PART, PID,
SID, MID,
EOSID
HGID. *SECTION SID
, SHRF,
NIP .. *MAT,
, ,
, , , ,
. , *MAT
, *EOS.
LS-DYNA ,
.

,
.
*HOURGLASS.
, ,
, , ,
.
, .
LS-DYNA (
), D3HSP ( ),
. ,
, .
, ,

LS-DYNA 960

I.17 ()

. D3HSP MESSAG
Error.
*NODE
*ELEMENT
*PART

NID

EID PID N1 N2 N3 N4
PID SID MID EOSID HGID

*SECTION_SHELL SID ELFORM SHRF NIP PROPT QR ICOMP


*MAT_ELASTIC

MID RO E PR DA DB

*EOS

EOSID

*HOURGLASS

HGID

. I.1 .
, ,
. ; :
*NODE
10101,x ,y ,z
10201,x ,y ,z
*ELEMENT_SHELL
10201,pid,n1,n2,n3,n4
10301,pid,n1,n2,n3,n4
. I8
99999999, ,
, .
.
. *
.

.
*AIRBAG

.

I.18 ()

LS-DYNA 960

, ,
.
*BOUNDARY

. LS-DYNA
,
*NODE.

*COMPONENT
,

.

*CONSTRAINED
,
. ,
, , , ,
, ,
.

*CONTACT
. *CONTACT
.
,
, ,
,
.
() , .

:

LS-DYNA 960

I.19 ()


1
p1
2
3
a3
4
5
a5
6
7
8
9
10
a 10
13
a 13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23


SLIDING_ONLY
SLIDING_ONLY_PENALTY
TIED_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE
SURFACE_TO_SURFACE
AUTOMATIC_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE
SINGLE_SURFACE
NODES_TO_SURFACE
AUTOMATIC_NODES_TO_SURFACE
TIED_NODES_TO_SURFACE
TIED_SHELL_EDGE_TO_SURFACE
TIEBREAK_NODES_TO_SURFACE
TIEBREAK_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE
ONE_WAY_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE
AUTOMATIC_ONE_WAY_SURFACE _TO_SURFACE
AUTOMATIC_SINGLE_SURFACE
AIRBAG_SINGLE_SURFACE
ERODING_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE
ERODING_SINGLE_SURFACE
ERODING_NODES_TO_SURFACE
CONSTRAINT_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE
CONSTRAINT_NODES_TO_SURFACE
RIGID_BODY_TWO_WAY_TO_RIGID_BODY
RIGID_NODES_TO_RIGID_BODY
RIGID_BODY_ONE_WAY_TO_RIGID_BODY
SINGLE_EDGE
DRAWBEAD

*CONTACT_ENTITY ,
, .
,
, ,
VDA.
( )
, .
MADYMO CAL3D,
. *CONTACT_1D
.

*CONTROL
, *CONTROL,
,
, ,
,
.

I.20 ()

LS-DYNA 960

*DAMPING
,
.

*DATABASE

ASCII LS-DYNA.
.

*DEFINE
, ..;
;
; ; ,
.
. ,
*BOUNDARY,
*AIRBAG.

*DEFORMABLE_TO_RIGID

.
, .
,
, ,
.
.

*ELEMENT
LS-DYNA,
, , , ,
, , .

*EOS
.
EOSID *PART.

LS-DYNA 960

I.21 ()

*HOURGLASS

. HGID *HOURGLASS
HGID *PART.

*INCLUDE
,
.
. , .

*INITIAL
.
*INITIAL_VELOCITY_NODE
*INITIAL_VELOCITY.

. ,
. *INITIAL_VELOCITY

.

*INTEGRATION
,
. IRID
IRID *SECTION_BEAM *SECTION_SHELL .
*SECTION_SHELL *SECTION_BEAM
.
, .
, LS-DYNA3D.

*INTERFACE
() ,
, ,
, .

: (-)
*INTERFACE_LINKING_DISCRETE_NODE, (-)
*INTERFACE_LINKING_SEGMENT (-)
*INTERFACE_LINKING_EDGE.
.

I.22 ()

LS-DYNA 960

,
.

, .
,
. ,
: Z= LS-DYNA3D.
,
: L= LS-DYNA.
,
. ,

.
LS-DYNA.

*KEYWORD
LS-DYNA,
. ,
. keyword , ,
, *KEYWORD
. KEYWORD ,
. .
,
*KEYWORD .

*LOAD

, , .

*MAT
,
LS-DYNA3D, , .
MID MID *PART.

*NODE
.

LS-DYNA 960

I.23 ()

*PART
:
1. *SECTION,
*MATERIAL, *EOS *HOURGLASS.
2. , ,
.
,
, *PART, ,
: *PART_REPOSITION.

*RIGIDWALL
: _PLANAR _GEOMETRIC
(planar) ,
. .
(geometric) ,
, , .
, MOTION
.
.
. , ,
_CYLINDER, ,
_SPHERICAL, .
,
,
.

*SET
, , ..
LS-DYNA3D.
. (slave) , ,
, (master) ,
, , . *SET
:
1. _LIST , ,
, .
2. _COLUMN, ,
( ), , ,

*CONTACT_CONSTRAINT_NODES
_TO_SURFACE.

I.24 ()

LS-DYNA 960

*TITLE
.

*USER_INTERFACE

, ,
.

RESTART
,
,
, , , ,
,
. .

*RIGID_TO_DEFORMABLE


,
.

*STRESS_INITIALIZATION
. ,
, , ,
.. ,
.

LS-DYNA 960

I.25 ()


,
.
I.1.


*NODE
*ELEMENT_BEAM
*ELEMENT_SHELL
*ELEMENT_SOLID
*ELEMENT_TSHELL
*ELEMENT_DISCRETE
*ELEMENT_MASS
*ELEMENT_SEATBELT_OPTION
*PART

(
, ,


)

*MAT_OPTION

*SECTION_BEAM
*SECTION_SHELL
*SECTION_SOLID
*SECTION_TSHELL

*SECTION_DISCRETE
*SECTION_SEATBELT

*EOS_OPTION

*CONTROL_HOURGLASS
*HOURGLASS


*CONTROL_CONTACT

*CONTACT_OPTION

*RIGIDWALL_OPTION

I.26 ()

LS-DYNA 960

I.1. ()

. ()


ASCII
,





CPU

LS-DYNA 960


*NODE
*BOUNDARY_SPC_OPTION
*LOAD_BODY_OPTION
*LOAD_NODE_OPTION
*LOAD_SEGMENT_OPTION
*LOAD_SHELL_OPTION
*LOAD_THERMAL_OPTION
*DEFINE_CURVE
*CONSTRAINED_NODE_SET
*CONSTRAINED_GENERALIZED_WELD_
OPTION
*CONSTRAINED_SPOT_WELD
*CONSTRAINED_RIVET
*CONTROL_OUTPUT
*DATABASE_OPTION
*DATABASE_BINARY_OPTION
*DATABASE_HISTORY_OPTION
*DATABASE_NODAL_FORCE_GROUP
*CONTROL_TERMINATION
*CONTROL_TERMINATION
*CONTROL_CPU
*TERMINATION_NODE

I.27 ()


, ,
:

,
,
/ [14],
[15],
/ [16],
[16],
- (Blatz-Ko) [16],
,
,
,
, [17],
,
,
,
/ (Johnson/Cook) [18],
, TENSOR [19],
,
,
,
,
,
[20, 21],
12 ,
,
[22, 23, 24],
,
- (Mooney-Rivlin),
,

,
,
- (Frazer-Nash),
,
,
,
, ,
,
,
, ,
[25],
.

I.28 ()

LS-DYNA 960

,
.
. ,
:

[26],
JWL (Jones, Wilkins Lee) [27],
[26],
[26],
[26],
,
[28, 29],
,
,
TENSOR [30].


KOVEC [26];
100% .
KOVEC .
(Giroux) [23, 24].

- , .
,
, -.


. I.2.
, : , , ,
-, ,
.
DYNA3D
(Hughes and Liu) [31, 32, 33], , [34, 35].
( HL)
,
:

(
),
.

-, HL
.

, - DYNA3D.

LS-DYNA 960

I.29 ()

(. [36]).

, LS-DYNA ,
, ,

.
HL
.
BT - - (Belytschko-Tsay) [8, 37, 38]
, , ,
. BT , ,
,
,
.
, , ,
.
,
BT,
HL. [39, 10, 40]
, ,

. LS-DYNA

C0.
- ,
.
, ,
, , .
-
.

, , . ,
, ,
, . ,
, [Belytschko, Wong Chiang 1989, 1992],
- .

. LS-DYNA. ,

-, .
, , ,
--, 16. ,
, .

,
.

I.30 ()

LS-DYNA 960

,
.
.

.
, .
100% .
. [41].
,
, .


.
, .
,
.
:
( )
.
.
.
, ,
.
LS-DYNA 4- 8-.

. 8-
( )
,
. , 4-
8- -
[42]
,
. ,
,
, , ,
. , ,
, ,
.

.
.
.
4- .
-,
-. ,
;
.

LS-DYNA 960

I.31 ()


.

, , .
.

shells

solids

trusses

beams

springs

lumped
masses

dampers

. I.2. LS-DYNA.

I.32 ()

LS-DYNA 960



NIKE2D [15]. ,
(-),
. 3- 4-
, ,
.
.
,
,
. [34, 43]
,
, .
,
/ .
LS-DYNA.
20 ,
:
/ /,
,
, , ,
,
,
, ,
, ,
, ,
,
, , ,
,
( ),
,
-,
,
,
- [44],
- [44],
- -,
- -,
-,
.

LS-DYNA 960

I.33 ()


.
, LS-DYNA2D [1, 6, 45].
;
(-).

.

. ,
, ,
.
,
.


,
, (*INTERFACE_COMPONENTS),

(*CONTROL_OUTPUT).

(*INTERFACE _LINKING).
.
,
.
,
. , ,
.

: Z = LS-DYNA.
( )
: L = LS-DYNA.
,
.
,
.
LS-DYNA.


.
, , ,
.., .
LS-DYNA 10000 500000 .
.

I.34 ()

LS-DYNA 960


LS-DYNA
- . UNIX
^C (Control-C). LS-DYNA,
, .
LS-DYNA , :

SW1.
SW2.
SW3.
SW4.
SW5.
SW7.
SW8.
SW9.
SWA.
lprint
nlprint
iter
conv
stop


, LS-DYNA .
LS-DYNA .
, .
, .

.
.

.
( SW8).
ASCII.
/
, .
/
.
/ d3iter
.
.
.
, .

UNIX , , ,
. LS-DYNA
D3KIL, , ,
sw1..
, , D3KIL . D3KIL
sw1..
LS-DYNA ,
, , .
.

LS-DYNA 960

I.35 ()

LS-DYNA

- . , .

.
,
. ( 32-
!):


. (
.)
: .
.

LS-DYNA
.
LS-DYNA ,
.
, .
LS-DYNA 64- ,
.


LS-DYNA
:
LS-DYNA I=inf O=otf G=ptf D=dpf F=thf U=xtf T=tpf A=rrd M=sif J=jif S=iff Z=isf1 L=isf2 B=rlf
W=root E=efl X=scl C=cpu K=kill V=vda Y=c3d {KEYWORD} {THERMAL} {COUPLE} {INIT}
MEMORY=nwds NCPU= ncpu PARA=para ENDTIME=time NCYLCE=ncycle

inf
otf
ptf
dpf

=
=
=
=

( )
( =D3HSP)
( =D3PLOT)
( =D3DUMP).
,
. ,
NODUMP.
thf = (
=D3THDT)
xtf = (
=XTFILE)

I.36 ()

LS-DYNA 960

tpf
rrd
sif
jif
iff
isf1
isf2
rlf
efl

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

root =
scl =
cpu =
kill =
vda =
c3d =
nwds =
ncpu =
npara =
time =
ncycle =

( TOPAZ3D)
( =RUNRSF)
( )
JOY
( )
( )
( )
( =D3DRFL)
-, /


( =7)
CPU , ,

LS-DYNA ,
( =D3KIL)
VDA/IGES
CAL3D
. 32
. , *KEYWORD

NCPU CONST *CONTROL_PARALLEL.
CONST=2, - CONST=1. .
*CONTROL_PARALLEL.
PARA *CONTROL_PARALLEL
ENDTIM *CONTROL_TERMINATION
ENDCYC *CONTROL_TERMINATION

, LSDYNA .
,
, ,
, .
- KEYWORD
*KEYWORD, ,
;
.

COUPLE. ,
THERMAL.
INIT ( sw1.)
,
. .
.
,
- , .
.

LS-DYNA 960

I.37 ()

MEMORY
(=nwds), LS-DYNA3D
, . ,
.
.
*KEYWORD.

I.38 ()

LS-DYNA 960

R=

Y=

L=


VDA
V=


TOPAZ3D
T=

LS-DYNA


=d3hsp


G=d3plot

D=d3plot


f=d3thdt

=runrst

-
E=

S=

Z=


ASCII

=d3drfl

. I.3

LS-DYNA 960

I.39 ()

. ,
(S=iff).
,
. , X=scl .

(262144 ), .. 1835008 . LS-DYNA
, scl. C=cpu
(CPU),
, . cpu
,
.
,
LS-DYNA I=inf O=otf G=ptf D=dpf R=rtf F=thf U=xtf T=tpf A=rrd J=jif S=iff Z=isf1 L=isf2 B=rlf
W=root E=efl X=scl C=cpu K=kill Q=option KEYWORD MEMORY=nwds

rtf = .
,
:
LS-DYNA R=adapt.dump01
,
, ,
CAD-. ,
VDA/IGES, :
LS-DYNA R=adapt.dump01 V=vda
, :
Q=remap. remap , .
-. ; ,
:
LS-DYNA I=inf

LS-DYNA R=rtf
,
D3HSP, D3PLOT, D3THDT D3DUMP .
, ,
:
LS-DYNA I=inf Z=isf1

:
LS-DYNA I=inf L=isf1

(, GM)
NAMES 88. , .
NAMES :
I=inf

. :
I=inf R=rtf

: . ,
VDA CAL3D.

I.40 ()

LS-DYNA 960


LS-DYNA .
,
, .
, .
,
.
,
, .
.
.

. , ,
, ,
.
. , ,
nn,
D3DUMPnn, :
1. , , ,
. restartinput.
2.
LS-DYNA I=restartinput R=D3DUMPnn
. ,

LS-DYNA R=D3DUMPnn
. , ,
.
R=D3DUMPnn ,
.

,
. , ,
, (,
) .. :

;

.

LS-DYNA 960

I.41 ()

, job1.inf,
d3dump01. job2.inf
- R=d3dump01. job2.inf
,
, ..
, ,
. ,
, d3dump01,
job2.inf. job2.inf, LS-DYNA
.
, d3dump01.
,
, ( ,
).
,
, , job1,
job2. , .
.
: .
, , -
.
, ,
.
, ,
.
.
:


job1 , .. .


-, .

job2.in1 job1.inf
. ,
,
job1.

VDA/IGES
VDA - ,
.
VDA [46].
VDA- . :
; :
, .

I.42 ()

LS-DYNA 960

.
.
, , VDA-
. .
I.


LS-DYNA
.
TRUEGRID1, PATRAN, FEMB, HYPERMESH MEDINA. PATRAN IDEAS.
, LS-INGRID [LSTC Report 1019]
LSTC LS-DYNA.
:
,
,
,
(TRUEGRID, PATRAN, IDEAS,
IGES NASTRAN),
..,
,
,
, LS-DYNA DYNA3D,
, , ,
.
, :
,
,
( ,
),
, .

LS-
LS-POST , LS-DYNA.
,
,
.
1 TRUEGRID - XYZ Scientific Applications, Inc., PATRAN - PDA Engineering, HYPERMESH -
Altair Engineering, FEMB - Engineering Technology Associates, IDEAS - Structural Dynamics
Research Corporation.

LS-DYNA 960

I.43 ()

, , .
,
. LS-POST CRAY, SUN, DEC, IBM RS6000,
SGI, HP PC.
LS-DYNA .
;
50 100.
,
1000 10000.
.

. ASCII.
,
, , ,
, , .
, , MOVIE.BYU,
MPGS Cray Research. General Motors
SMUG NASTRAN BDF. ASCII
,
.

I.44 ()

LS-DYNA 960

G=

ASCII

S=tsave



PostScript



HPGL


PAL/NTSC

LS-DYNA 960

I.45 ()



LS-DYNA:

.
8- 1
4

, ,
5
- (Flanagan-Belytschko)
- (
7
-)
4- -
4

4- -
3

BCIZ
7

Co
4

2- -
9

2- -
2
2-
1
8- -
11

.

. I.5
LS-DYNA3D.

2
0
.0
1

30

8
.8
4

P
e
r
f
o
r
m
a
n
c
e

20

1
.4
9

1
.2
8

1
.2
5

1
.0
7

2
.4
5

2
.8
0

10

0
BT

BTW

BL

BWC
Element

Type

CHL

HL

FBT

CFHL

FHL

Fully int egrat ed element s

. I.5. LS-DYNA: BT
-, BTW - -
BWC (--). BL -, CHL (HL) ,
. FBT - -, FHL - -, CFHL
- .

I.46 ()

LS-DYNA 960


LS-DYNA .
, ,
:
1 ( ) = 1 ( ) x 1 ( ),
1 ( ) =

1(lengthunit)
[1(timeunit )]2









, . 30

(a)

(b)

(c)

210.0E+09
7.85E+03
200.0E+06
9.81
13.4

210.0E+03
7.85E09
200.0
9.81E+03
13.4E+03

210.0
7.85E06
0.200
9.81E-03
13.4


,
.
80 . 8 10 , .

NSID

PSID

A1

A2

A3

VEZ

1.0

1.0

LS-DYNA 960

I.47 ()

F , I .
, ,
.
. 10 ,
. ,
.
,
. I8 99999999, 8
. ,
.

I.48 ()

LS-DYNA 960

*AIRBAG

*AIRBAG
: .
*AIRBAG ( )
, ,
.
:
*AIRBAG_OPTION1_{OPTION2}_{OPTION3}_<OPTIONAL NUMERIC ID>
*AIRBAG_INTERACTION ( )
*AIRBAG_REFERENCE_GEOMETRY_OPTION_OPTION (
)
*AIRBAG_OPTION1_{OPTION2}
OPTION1 :
SIMPLE_PRESSURE_VOLUME ( -)
SIMPLE_AIRBAG_MODEL ( )
ADIABATIC_GAS_MODEL ( )
WANG_NEFSKE ( -)
WANG_NEFSKE_JETTING ( - )
WANG_NEFSKE_MULTIPLE_JETTING ( -)
LOAD_CURVE ( )
LINEAR_FLUID ( )
HYBRID ( )
HYBRID_JETTING ( )
HYBRID_CHEMKIN ( )
OPTION2
-.
. OPTION2
:
POP
OPTION3
. . OPTION3
:
CM
OPTIONAL_NUMERIC_ID ,
,
*AIRBAG_INTERACTION.
. ID, 25,
,
-, : *AIRBAG_WANG_NEFSKE_25.
[47, 48] [12,
49].
LS-DYNA 960

1.1 (*AIRBAG)

*AIRBAG

SID

SIDTYP

RBID

VSCA

PSCA

VINI

MWD

SPSF

1.

1.

0.

0.

0.

SID
SIDTYP


:
= 0: ,
0: .

RBID


:
= -RBID: ;
.
= 0:
0
= RBID:

;
. . B.

VSCA

Vsca ( = 1.0)

PSCA

Psca ( = 1.0)

VINI

Vini

MWD

SPSF

, 0 <= g <= 1

:
.
, , .

1.2 (*AIRBAG)

LS-DYNA 960

*AIRBAG


,
. ,
,
, .
.
.
Vsca Psca
- .
.
-
(Vfemodel) (Pfemodel).
; ,
(Vcvolume) (Pcvolume),
.
:

V cvolum e = (V sca V fem odel ) - V ini ,

Pfe mod el = Psca Pcvolume .


, , ,
,

Fi d = mi D ( vi - vcg ) ,
Fid , mi , vi - , vcg -
, , D -
.
,
. ,
, .
p=grV2, V -
, r - , g , 0 1.
.
, .
, RBID .
RBID , .
,
(A) ,
(B).

LS-DYNA 960

1.3 (*AIRBAG)

*AIRBAG

, .
,
, . *MAT_RIGID. , ..
.
.
, - .
, ,
.
A. (RBID>0).
. B. .

. 25 .

1

( 25 ;
, .. , 9 2 )
1

C1

C2

C3

C4

C5

0.

0.

0.

0.

0.

N
C1,,CN

1.4 (*AIRBAG)

( 25)
25

LS-DYNA 960

*AIRBAG

B. , LS-DYNA (RBID<0).

.
//
1

AX

AY

AZ

AMAG

TDUR

0.

0.

0.

0.

0.

DVX

DVY

DVZ

DVMAG

0.

0.

0.

0.

UX

UY

UZ

UMAG

0.

0.

0.

0.

LS-DYNA 960

1.5 (*AIRBAG)

*AIRBAG

AX

X ,
.
X.
= 0:

AY

Y ,
.
Y.
= 0:

AZ

Z ,
.
Z.
= 0:

AMAG

,
= 0:

TDUR

,
. , ..
.

DVX

X, .
.
= 0:

DVY

Y, .
.
= 0:

DVZ

Z, .
.
= 0:

DVMAG

, .
= 0:

UX

X, .
X.
= 0:

UY

Y, .
Y.
= 0:

1.6 (*AIRBAG)

LS-DYNA 960

*AIRBAG

Z, .
Z.
= 0:

UZ

, .
= 0:

UMAG

SIMPLE_PRESSURE_VOLUME

CN

BETA

LCID

LCIDDR

CN

, ,
LCID .
< 0.0: |CN| - ,
, .

BETA

b. ,
.

LCID

LCIDDR

,
CN,

:
:
= b

CN
,

LS-DYNA 960

1.7 (*AIRBAG)

*AIRBAG

, , .
CN , .
b .
,
, .

.
LCIDDR
,
. DEFINE_CURVE
.
,
|CN|.
SIMPLE_AIRBAG_MODEL
1

CV

CP

LCID

MU

PE

RO

LOU

TEXT

MW

GASC

0.

0.

0.

0.

0.

CP

CV

1.8 (*AIRBAG)


LS-DYNA 960

*AIRBAG

LCID

,
. . *DEFINE_CURVE.

MU

- m:
< 0.0: |m| - , -

A:
0.0: A ,
,
< 0.0: |A| - ,
.

PE

pe

RO

LOU

,

. . *DEFINE_CURVE.

TEXT

( , CV=0)


(, //oK) ( , CV=0)


(, //oK2) ( , CV=0)

MW

(, /) (
, CV=0)

GASC

(, 8.314
//oK) ( , CV=0)

p = (g - 1) re ,
p , r - , e - , g -
:

LS-DYNA 960

1.9 (*AIRBAG)

*AIRBAG

g =

cp
cv

, , ,
:

dM dM in dM out
=
dt
dt
dt

LCID. ,
, .
-
LOU.

m A.
CV=0, (
)

cp =

(a + bT )
,
MW

( )
:

cv = c p -

R
.
MW

ADIABATIC_GAS_MODEL

1.10 (*AIRBAG)

PSF

LCID

GAMMA

P0

PE

RO

1.0

LS-DYNA 960

*AIRBAG

PSF
LCID

GAMMA



() . . *DEFINE_CURVE.

P0

()

PE

RO

:
LCID ()
. - ,
:

p = PSF p0 .
,
, . LCID = 0,
.

:

p = (g - 1) re ,
p - , r - , e , g -
:

g =

cp
cv

. ,
,

ps = PSF ( p - pe ) ,
PSF . po

e0 =

LS-DYNA 960

p0 + pe
.
r (g - 1)
1.11 (*AIRBAG)

*AIRBAG

4 - ( WANG_NEFSKE)
1

1.12 (*AIRBAG)

CV

CP

LCT

LCMT

TVOL

LCDT

IABT

0.

0.

0.

C23

LCC23

A23

LCA23

CP23

LCCP23

AP23

LCAP23

0.0

PE

RO

GC

LCEFR

POVER

PPOP

OPT

KNKDN

0.0

0.0

0.0

LS-DYNA 960

*AIRBAG

, , LCMT=0. ,
, .
4

IOC

IOA

IVOL

IRO

IT

LCBF

, CV=0.
. . .
5

TEXT

MW

GASC

, POP.

.
5

TDP

AXP

AYP

AZP

AMAGP

TDURP

TDA

RBIDP

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

LS-DYNA 960

1.13 (*AIRBAG)

*AIRBAG

CV

CP

.
LCT.

LCT

,
.
.

LCMT

,
. TVOL
, .
LCMT=0, , . 4.

-
.

TVOL

, LCMT,

LCDT


(dT/dt)

IABT

( ,
)

C23

. ,
LCC23 (. ).

LCC23

,
.
C23 LCC23.

A23

. ,
LCA23 (. ).

LCA23

,
.
A23 LCA23.

CP23

.
, LCCP23 (. ).

LCCP23

,
.
CP23 LCCP23.

1.14 (*AIRBAG)

LS-DYNA 960

*AIRBAG

AP23
LCAP23


,
() .
AP23 LCAP23.

PE

RO

GC

(
).
, .

LCEFR

POVER

() Pover

PPOP

() Ppop,

OPT

.
, CP23, LCCP23, AP23 LCAP23 .
= 1: -.
.
= 2: -.

.
= 3: [50].
.
= 4: [50].

.
= 5:
. .
= 6:
.
.

LS-DYNA 960

1.15 (*AIRBAG)

*AIRBAG

KNKDN

,
.
.
, ,
, ,
. ,
, .
, ,
.

IOC

IOA

IVOL
IRO
IT

LCBF

TEXT


(, //oK)


(, //oK2)

MW
GASC

(, /)
(, 8.314
//oK)

TDP


POP

AXP

POP X
= 0.0:

AYP

POP Y
= 0.0:

1.16 (*AIRBAG)

LS-DYNA 960

*AIRBAG

AZP

POP Z
= 0.0:

AMAGP

POP
= 0.0:

TDURP

POP,
. , ..
.

TDA

,
POP

RBIDP

,
POP

:

:

p = (g - 1) re ,
p - , r - , e , g -

g =

cp
cv

cv , cp
.

Q=

pe
,
p

pe p .

Qcrit

2
=

g +1

g -1

g - :

g
LS-DYNA 960

cv

1.17 (*AIRBAG)

*AIRBAG

Q Qcrit ,

Q = Qcrit.

m& 23 = C23 A23

g -1
1
gR
p
g
Q g 2 gc
Q
1

g
1
R T2

= C23
A23

m& 23

g -1
1
gR
p
g
Q g 2 gc
1- Q
R T2
g -1

,
.
-
. C23, LCC23, A23, LCA23, CP23,
LCCP23, AP23 LCAP23.
,

. :

Qcrit =

pc 2
=

pi g + 1

g
g -1

pc - , , pI . :

p e = p a if p a p c ,
p e = p c if p a < p c ,
- .

m& in = C O AO

2 pI r I

g +1
g2

g cg Q - Q g

,
g -1

, rI - ,
.

1.18 (*AIRBAG)

LS-DYNA 960

*AIRBAG

m& out

OPT, 1 2,
:

gc

m& out =

nairmats

n =1

( FLC( t )n FAC( p )n Arean ) 2 p r

g Qk - Q
g -1

g +1

),

r - , nairmats , , Arean
n.
OPT 3 4,

nairmats

m& out = ( FLC( t )n FAC( p )n Arean ) 2 ( p - pext ) r


n =1

5 6,

nairmats

m& out = ( FLC( t )n FAC( p )n Area n ) ( p - pext ) .


n =1

,
,
.
10 .
.
,
C23 A23 , .
CV=0,

cp =

(a + bT)
MW ,

cv = c p -

LS-DYNA 960

R
MW .

1.19 (*AIRBAG)

*AIRBAG

2
WANG_NEFSKE_JETTING
WANG_NEFSKE_MULTIPLE_JETTING, .
,
, , .
, .
, :
, WANG_NEFSKE_JETTING
1

XJFP

YJFP

ZJFP

XJVH

YJVH

ZJVH

CA

BETA

1.0

WANG_NEFSKE_MULTIPLE_JETTING

XJFP

YJFP

ZJFP

XJVH

YJVH

ZJVH

LCJRV

BETA

1.0

1.20 (*AIRBAG)

LS-DYNA 960

*AIRBAG

, WANG_NEFSKE_JETTING
WANG_NEFSKE_MULTIPLE_JETTING
2

XSJFP

YSJFP

ZSJFP

PSID

ANGLE

NODE1

NODE2

NODE3

XJFP

x , .. . 1.1. .
1.

YJFP

y , .. . 1.1.

ZJFP

z , .. . 1.1.

XJVH

YJVH

ZJVH

CA

a
< 0.0: |a| - ,

LCJRV

,
, . . 1.2 1.3.

, y .
0 1. . *DEFINE_CURVE.

BETA

b
,
< 0.0: |b| - ,

LS-DYNA 960

1.21 (*AIRBAG)

*AIRBAG

XSJFP

x , .
(0,0,0),
( ).

YSJFP

ZSJFP

PSID

, . *SET_PART.
, .

ANGLE

. ,
, . .
1.3.
.

NODE1

, , ..
1.1. . 1.

NODE2

NODE3

:
1.

, (XJFP,
YJFP, ZJFP) (XJVH, YJVH, ZJVH), NODE1 NODE2.
, NODE1, NODE2 NODE3,
XJFP, YJFP, ZJFP XJVH, YJVH, ZJVH.
, .
, .


.
,
. LCRJV

.
.
, a .

(), , .

1.22 (*AIRBAG)

LS-DYNA 960

*AIRBAG

a-small
a-large

1
r

z
b

. 1.1. : a) ( ,
) b)
.

LS-DYNA 960

1.23 (*AIRBAG)

*AIRBAG


. 1.2. .

y ()

. 1.3.
.

1.24 (*AIRBAG)

LS-DYNA 960

*AIRBAG

CM (Constant Momentum )
WANG_NEFSKE_JETTING_CM WANG_
NEFSKE_MULTIPLE_JETTING_CM
_CM
1

NREACT

NREACT

.
, .

:
LS-DYNA,
.
:
, .

:

( cp - cv ) Tcp

voutlet = (g RT ) =

cv

.
:

& .
r0n outlet A outlet = m
, ,
(
).

LS-DYNA 960

1.25 (*AIRBAG)

*AIRBAG

r z vrz
vr=0,z ,
:

vr ,z = vr =0,z e

r 2
-
az

vr=0 z
.
, z,
2
r 0 v outlet
A outlet = r 0 v 2jet dA jet

= r 0 v 2r = 0 ,Z b + F b

},

b=

p (a z )

2
F =
, , ,
, :

pr, z = br 0 vr,2 z
,

p r,z =

- r / a z)
b m v o u tlet e (

2
p a z 2
p (a z )
)
(
+F

2
2

& outlet
Fjet = mn

( ).

- ,
. ,
, .
.

1.26 (*AIRBAG)

LS-DYNA 960

*AIRBAG

NREACT,
. ABSTAT
ASCII XTF .
LINEAR_FLUID

BULK

RO

LCINT

LCOUTT

LCOUTP

LCFIT

LCBULK

LCID

RO
LCINT

BULK

. . . .

K . ,
. , LCBULK=0.
r,

F(t ) - ,
, . *DEFINE_CURVE.

LCOUTT

G (t ) - ,
.
.

LCOUTP

H ( p ) - ,


.
LFIT

L(t) - .
.

LCBULK

LCID

LS-DYNA 960

, .
, , BULK
.
,
, . *DEFINE_CURVE.

1.27 (*AIRBAG)

*AIRBAG

:
LCID = 0,

V (t)
P(t) = K (t ) ln 0 + L(t) ,
V (t)

P(t ) - ,

V(t)

- ,

V0 (t) = V0 (t) =

M(t)
r

- ,

M(t) = M(0) + F(t) dt - G (t) dt - H(p) dt - t,


M( 0) = V ( 0)r - 0, P(0) = 0 .

LCID 0, ,
.

. , ,
. .
M (t) .
, .

1.28 (*AIRBAG)

LS-DYNA 960

*AIRBAG

HYBRID HYBRID_JETTING
1

ATMOST ATMOSP ATMOSD

GC

CC

1.0

C23

LCC23

A23

LCA23

CP23

LCP23

AP23

LCAP23

OPT

PVENT

NGAS

LS-DYNA 960

1.29 (*AIRBAG)

*AIRBAG

2*NGAS , .
.

LCIDM

LCIDT

MW

INITM

FMASS

ATMOST

ATMOSP

ATMOSD

GC

CC


= .0: 1.0

C23

.
, LCC23 (. ).

LCC23

1.30 (*AIRBAG)

,
.
C23 LCC23.

LS-DYNA 960

*AIRBAG

A23

.
, LCA23 (. ).

LCA23

,
.
A23 LCA23.

CP23

.
, LCCP23 (. ).

LCCP23

,
.
CP23 LCCP23.

AP23

LCAP23

,
.
AP23 LCAP23.

OPT

. CP23, LCCP23, AP23


LCAP23 ,
.
= 1: -.
.
= 2: -.

.
= 3: [50].
.
= 4: [50].

.
= 5:
. .
= 6:
.
.

PVENT

NGAS

, (
)

LS-DYNA 960

1.31 (*AIRBAG)

*AIRBAG

LCIDM


(= 0 0).
> 0: - ,
< 0: .

LCIDT

(= 0
0)
> 0: - ,
< 0: .

BLANK

( )

MW

INITM


o
(, // K)


o
(, // K2)


o
(, // K3)

FMASS

1.32 (*AIRBAG)

LS-DYNA 960

*AIRBAG

2 HYBRID_JETTING

HYBRID_JETTING. ,
, , .
, .
1

XJFP

YJFP

ZJFP

XJVH

YJVH

ZJVH

CA

BETA

XSJFP

YSJFP

ZSJFP

PSID

IDUM

NODE1

NODE2

NODE3

XJFP

x , .. . 1.1. .
1 .

YJFP

y , .. . 1.1.

ZJFP

z , .. . 1.1.

XJVH

LS-DYNA 960

1.33 (*AIRBAG)

*AIRBAG

YJVH

ZJVH

CA

a
< 0.0: |a| - ,

BETA

b
,
< 0.0: |b| - ,

XSJFP

x , .

(0,0,0),
( ).

YSJFP

ZSJFP

PSID

, . *SET_PART.
, .

IDUM

( )

NODE1

, , ..
. 1.1. . 1 .

NODE2

NODE3

:
1.

, (XJFP,
YJFP, ZJFP) (XJVH, YJVH, ZJVH), NODE1 NODE2.
, NODE1, NODE2 NODE3, XJFP,
YJFP, ZJFP XJVH, YJVH, ZJVH.
, .
, .

1.34 (*AIRBAG)

LS-DYNA 960

*AIRBAG


.
,
.
LCRJV
.
.
, a .

(), ,
.
2.

IDUM . ,
, WANG_NEFSKE_JETTING.

LS-DYNA 960

1.35 (*AIRBAG)

*AIRBAG

HYBRID_CHEMKIN
3 .
,
, .

LCIDM

LCIDT

NGAS

DATA

ATMT

ATMP

RG

HCONV

0.

C23

A23

0.

0.

LCIDM

1.36 (*AIRBAG)

,
.
> 0: - ,
< 0: .

LS-DYNA 960

*AIRBAG

LCIDT

,
.
> 0: -
< 0:

NGAS

, (
)

DATA


= 1: NIST ( 3
),
= 2: CHEMKIN ( ),
= 3: ( 1
).

ATMT

ATMP

RG

HCONV
C23

A23

,
. ,
*.

1

CHNAME

MW

LCIDN

FMOLE

FMOLET

0.

LS-DYNA 960

1.37 (*AIRBAG)

*AIRBAG

(, N2 , AR
)

CHNAME

DATA=2 (CHEMKIN)
DATA=1 DATA=3.

MW
LCIDN

,
. >0,
FMOLE .

FMOLE

FMOLET

.
CHEMKIN (DATA=2).
chemkin ,
LS-DYNA.
DATA=1, 3 NIST.
: http://webbook.nist.gov/chemistry/
1

TLOW

TMID

THIGH

1.38 (*AIRBAG)

low

low

low

d
low

e
low

f
low

h
low

LS-DYNA 960

*AIRBAG

a
high

b
high

c
high

d
high

high

f
high

h
high

TLOW

TMID

THIGH

,..,h
low
low

NIST (. )
a

,..,h
high
high

NIST (. )
DATA=3,
.
1

0.

0.

0.

0.

, .

, .

, .

LS-DYNA 960

1.39 (*AIRBAG)

*AIRBAG

, .

, .

NIST:

CHEMKIN:

cp =

cp =

1
e
2
3
a + bT + cT + dT + 2
M
T

R
a + bT + cT 2+ dT 3+ eT 4 )
(
M
,

R (8.314 / K),
M .

1.40 (*AIRBAG)

cp =

1
a + bT + cT 2+ dT 3+ eT 4 )
(
M
.

LS-DYNA 960

*AIRBAG

*AIRBAG_INTERACTION
: .
*AIRBAG_INTERACTION :

AB1

AB2

AREA

SF

PID

LCID

IFLOW

AB1

, *AIRBAG

AB2

, *AIRBAG

AREA


< 0.0:
|AREA| - ,
,
= 0.0:
AREA , , .
.

SF

-
< 0.0:
|SF| - ,

PID

,
.
AREA.

LCID

,
, . *DEFINE_CURVE. LCID
, AREA, SF PID .

IFLOW

LS-DYNA 960


< 0: AB1 AB2,
= 0: AB1 AB2,
> 0: AB2 AB1.

1.41 (*AIRBAG)

*AIRBAG

:

, , DEFINE_CURVE
(0.0, 0.0) (10000., 0.0).

:
*AIRBAG_SIMPLE_AIRBAG_MODEL
*AIRBAG_WANG_NEFSKE
*AIRBAG_WANG_NEFSKE_JETTING
*AIRBAG_WANG_NEFSKE_MULTIPLE_JETTING
*AIRBAG_HYBRID
*AIRBAG_HYBRID_JETTING
LCID, ,
:
*AIRBAG_LOAD_CURVE
*AIRBAG_LINEAR_FLUID
AREA, SF PID,
, .. Cp, Cv g .
, -,
. .

1.42 (*AIRBAG)

LS-DYNA 960

*AIRBAG

*AIRBAG_REFERENCE_GEOMETRY_OPTION_OPTION
:
BIRTH
RDT
BIRTH.
. BIRTH
,
RDT.
RDT ,
, BIRTH.
,
, .
,
.
, , , .
: ,

. .
,

,

Fij =

xi
X j

X j .
.
, ,
, .

LS-DYNA 960

1.43 (*AIRBAG)

*AIRBAG

,
BIRTH.
1

BIRTH

0.0

(I8,3E16.0)
2,...

NID

0.

0.

0.

10

BIRTH
NID

( = 0.0)

1.44 (*AIRBAG)

LS-DYNA 960

*ALE

*ALE
*ALE ,
-.
:
*ALE_MULTI-MATERIAL_GROUP
*ALE_REFERENCE_SYSTEM_CURVE
*ALE_REFERENCE_SYSTEM_GROUP
*ALE_REFERENCE_SYSTEM_NODE
*ALE_REFERENCE_SYSTEM_SWITCH
*ALE_SMOOTHING
, ALE,
, : *CONTROL_ALE, *INITIAL_VOID
*SECTION_SOLID_ALE.

LS-DYNA 960

2.1 (ALE)

*ALE
*ALE_MULTI-MATERIAL_GROUP
:
. , ,
.
.
.
: .

1

SID

IDTYPE

SID

IDTYPE

:
=0: ,
=1: .

:
1.


, . *INITIAL_VOID,
.

2.2 (ALE)

LS-DYNA 960

*ALE

. : 1 2

. 3

. : 5, 6 7

: , .
, ALE , .. NALEGP=3.
(): 1 2.
(): 3.
(): 5, 6 7.

LS-DYNA 960

2.3 (ALE)

*ALE
*ALE_REFERENCE_SYSTEM_CURVE
:
ALE 12- .
*ALE_ REFERENCE_ SYSTEM_GROUP.

1

2.4 (ALE)

LC1

LC2

LC3

LC4

LC5

LC6

LC7

LC8

LC9

LC10

LC11

LC12

ID

LS-DYNA 960

*ALE

ID

LC1...LC12

x&

y& =
z&

f1 (t)

(x, y, z)

f1 f 2

f5 + f 6
f f
9 10

f3
f7
f11

f4 x

f8 y
f12 z

- LC1 t , ..

LS-DYNA 960

2.5 (ALE)

*ALE
*ALE_REFERENCE_SYSTEM_GROUP
:
(, ALE, .. -).

1

SID

STYPE

PRTYPE

PRID

BCTRAN

BCEXP

BCROT

ICOORD

XC

YC

ZC

EXPLIM

0.0

0.0

0.0

inf.

SID
STYPE

2.6 (ALE)


:
=0: ,
=1: ,
=2: ,
=3: .

LS-DYNA 960

*ALE

PRTYPE

PRID

:
=0: ,
=1: ,
=2: ALE,
=3:
, . *ALE_REFERENCE_ SYSTEM_CURVE,
=4:
ALE-,
=5:
, , ,
. *ALE_REFERENCE_SYSTEM_NODE,
=6:
, . *ALE_REFERENCE_SYSTEM_SWITCH,
=7: ,
, , .
*ALE_REFERENCE_SYSTEM_NODE.
,
(PRTYPE 3, 5, 6 7)

BCTRAN

( PRTYPE 3, 4, 5 7):
=0: ,
=1: x,
=2: y,
=3: z,
=4: x y,
=5: y z,
=6: z x,
=7: x, y, z.

BCEXP

( PRTYPE 3, 4, 5 7):
=0: ,
=1: x,
=2: y,
=3: z,
=4: x y,
=5: y z,
=6: z x,
=7: x, y, z.

BCROT

(PRTYPE 3,4 5 and 7):


=0: ,
=1: x,
=2: y,
=3: z,
=4: x y,
=5: y z,
=6: z x,
=7: x, y, z.

LS-DYNA 960

2.7 (ALE)

*ALE

ICOORD

XC,YC,ZC
EXPLIM

2.8 (ALE)

( PRTYPE 3, 4, 5 7):
=0: ,
=1: (XC, YC, ZC).

.
.
, EXPLIM
, 1/EXPLIM .

LS-DYNA 960

*ALE
*ALE_REFERENCE_SYSTEM_NODE
: ALE-.

1

NID1

NID2

NID3

NID4

NID5

NID6

NID7

NID8

NID9

NID10

NID11

NID12

ID

LS-DYNA 960

2.9 (ALE)

*ALE

ID

NID1...NID12

PRTYPE 3 7, .
*ALE_REFERENCE_SYSTEM_GROUP
,

:
PRTYPE=3 ALE
, (NID1, NID2, NID3). x1 , x2 x3
. x , y z :
x = (x2 - x1 )/ | x2 - x1 |
z = x (x 3 - x1 ) / | x (x3 - x1 )|
y = z x

PRTYPE=7 ALE ,
12 , (NID1,..., NID12).

2.10 (ALE)

LS-DYNA 960

*ALE
*ALE_REFERENCE_SYSTEM_SWITCH
:
, ALE.

1

T1

T2

T3

T4

T5

T6

T7

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

TYPE1

TYPE2

TYPE3

TYPE4

TYPE5

TYPE6

TYPE7

TYPE8

ID

LS-DYNA 960

2.11 (ALE)

*ALE

ID

T1...T7
TYPE1...TYPE8

ID1...ID7

ID1

ID2

ID3

ID4

ID5

ID6

ID7

ID8

, .
*ALE_REFERENCE_SYSTEM_GROUP

:
=0: ,
=1: ,
=2: ALE,
=3:
, . *ALE_REFERENCE_ SYSTEM_CURVE,
=4:
ALE-,
=5:
, , ,
. *ALE_REFERENCE_SYSTEM_NODE,
=6:
, . *ALE_REFERENCE_SYSTEM_SWITCH,
=7: ,
, , .
*ALE_REFERENCE_SYSTEM_NODE
(PRTYPE 3, 5 7)

:
T2 TYPE2 TYPE3, ..

2.12 (ALE)

LS-DYNA 960

*ALE
*ALE_SMOOTHING
: -
.
.

SNID

MNID1

MNID2

IPRE

XCO

YCO

ZCO

0.0

0.0

0.0

SNID

, . 2.1

MNID1

(-)

MNID2

(-)

IPRE

=0: ,
=1: .

XCO

x -

YCO

y -

ZCO

z -

LS-DYNA 960

2.13 (ALE)

*ALE
:
-
*CONTROL_ALE.
.

1- -

2- -
. 2.1

2.14 (ALE)

, ,
,
ALE.

LS-DYNA 960

*BOUNDARY

*BOUNDARY
*BOUNDARY .

:

*BOUNDARY_ACOUSTIC_COUPLING
*BOUNDARY_AMBIENT_EOS
*BOUNDARY_CONVECTION_OPTION
*BOUNDARY_CYCLIC
*BOUNDARY_ELEMENT_METHOD_OPTION
*BOUNDARY_FLUX_OPTION
*BOUNDARY_NON_REFLECTING
*BOUNDARY_NON_REFLECTING_2D
*BOUNDARY_PRESCRIBED_MOTION_OPTION
*BOUNDARY_PRESSURE_OUTFLOW_OPTION
*BOUNDARY_RADIATION_OPTION
*BOUNDARY_SLIDING_PLANE
*BOUNDARY_SPC_OPTION
*BOUNDARY_SYMMETRY_FAILURE
*BOUNDARY_TEMPERATURE_OPTION
*BOUNDARY_USA_SURFACE

LS-DYNA 960

3.1 (BOUNDARY)

*BOUNDARY
*BOUNDARY_ACOUSTIC_COUPLING
: .
( ).
( 8)
,
.
.
, , , ,
. , .

1

SSID

SSID

, . *SET_SEGMENT

:

:
2 ra D
<5,
rs t s

r a - ,

D - ,
, rs - ts -
.

3.2 (BOUNDARY)

LS-DYNA 960

*BOUNDARY
*BOUNDARY_AMBIENT_EOS
:
.

PID

LC1

LC2

PID

LC1

LC2

LS-DYNA 960

3.3 (BOUNDARY)

*BOUNDARY
*BOUNDARY_CONVECTION_OPTION
:
SEGMENT
SET
:
. .
SET :
( 1 2)
1

SSID

SEGMENT :
( 1 2)
1

3.4 (BOUNDARY)

N1

N2

N3

N4

LS-DYNA 960

*BOUNDARY
:
( 2 2)
1

HLCID

HMULT

TLCID

TMULT

1.0

1.0

, . *SET_SEGMENT

SSID
N1,N2...

HLCID

h:
>0: ,
=0: HMULT,
<0: .

HMULT

- h

TLCID

T ,
. *DEFINE_CURVE
=0: TMULT.

TMULT

- T

q& = h(T - T ),

- ,

(T - T ) - .
,
, . ,
T , .
.

LS-DYNA 960

3.5 (BOUNDARY)

*BOUNDARY
*BOUNDARY_CYCLIC
: .

, , , . . 3.1. ,
1 2, .
, .

XC

YC

ZC

NSID1

NSID2

XC

YC

ZC

NSID1

( 1, . .
3.1).

NSID2

( 2, . .
3.1).

. NSID1
NSID2 .
,
,
.

:
.

3.6 (BOUNDARY)

LS-DYNA 960

*BOUNDARY

. 3.1. .

LS-DYNA 960

3.7 (BOUNDARY)

*BOUNDARY
*BOUNDARY_ELEMENT_METHOD_OPTION

:
CONTROL
FLOW
NEIGHBOR
SYMMETRY
WAKE

:
.
(BEM)
,
. , (.
LS-DYNA),
. ,
.

,
.
,
, ( 1 ).
, ,
.
.
,
, .
, -,
( ,
).
*BOUNDARY_ELEMENT_METHOD_FLOW
.

3.8 (BOUNDARY)

LS-DYNA 960

*BOUNDARY
*BOUNDARY_ELEMENT_METHOD_CONTROL

: .
CONTROL ,
(), .
BEM
LS-DYNA,
( DTBEM / IUPBEM).
DTBEM
, BEM.
,
.
LS-DYNA
, .
.
( ),

, .
10- . DTBEM
. ,
1000 LSDYNA, .
IUPBEM ,
BEM ,
( , ).
,
,
, IUPBEM .
, ,
IUPBEM (, 10).
.
1

LWAKE

DTBEM

IUPBEM

FARBEM

50

0.

100

2.0

LS-DYNA 960

3.9 (BOUNDARY)

*BOUNDARY

LWAKE

.
.

DTBEM


. ,
BEM,
LS-DYNA, DTBEM.

IUPBEM

BEM

FARBEM

1.

.
, 5-10

, . ,
, ,

. DTBEM.

2.

,
FARBEM 5 , , 2,
, ,
, 50%.

3.10 (BOUNDARY)

LS-DYNA 960

*BOUNDARY
*BOUNDARY_ELEMENT_METHOD_FLOW

: ,
, ,
.
*BOUNDARY_ELEMENT_METHOD_FLOW BEM.
, ,
.
, .
.
1

SSID

VX

VY

VZ

RO

PSTATIC

MACH

0.

0.

SSID

,
(. *SET_SHELL).
,
.

VX, VY, VZ

x, y
z.

RO
PSTATIC
MACH

LS-DYNA 960

3.11 (BOUNDARY)

*BOUNDARY

1.

NULL (. *MAT_NULL)
SSID.
.
, .
,
(
), . ,

.

2.

PSTATIC .
, PSTATIC
.

3.

,
. ,
, -.

.

3.12 (BOUNDARY)

LS-DYNA 960

*BOUNDARY
*BOUNDARY_ELEMENT_METHOD_NEIGHBOR

: .

(. LS-DYNA). ,
,
.
LS-DYNA, . NEIGHBOR
, .
NEIGHBOR :
1, 2, 3, ... ( *.)

NELEM

NABOR1

NABOR2

NABOR3

NABOR4

NELEM

NABOR1

, NELEM 1

NABOR2

, NELEM 2

NABOR3

, NELEM 3

NABOR4

, NELEM 4

LS-DYNA 960

3.13 (BOUNDARY)

*BOUNDARY

(. 3.2). 1
1 2, 2 2 3, ..
4 , .. null.
3

4
1

. 3.2. .

.
, ,
. 3.3.

(3,j)
(4,j)

3
j
1

(2,j)
2

(1,j)

. 3.3. .

,
. ,
,
, . 3.4
, 2 j.
. (2,j) ,
2 4
j (4,j).
LS-DYNA, .
(2,j)
, .

: j, (4,j)
(2,j), j (4,j).

3.14 (BOUNDARY)

LS-DYNA 960

*BOUNDARY

- (2,j)

(4,j)

j
2
4

. 3.4.

(2,j) , ,
j (4,j).

,
2 4. (2,j), (4,j)
, .
,
.
, .
1 3.
4 (null).
, 2 4,
(4,j) ( LSDYNA, ) ,
(2,j) .
, (4,j), .
. 3.5.

(4,j)

. 3.5.

j
2

(4,j)
.

2 4 (
1 3)
(. . 3.1).

LS-DYNA 960

3.15 (BOUNDARY)

*BOUNDARY
3.1 j.

NABOR2

NABOR4

>0

>0


j, NABOR2 NABOR4

<0

>0


j, -NABOR2 NABOR4.
, -NABOR2
j
NABOR4 (. . 3.4)

>0

<0


j, NABOR2, -NABOR4.
, -NABOR4
j
NABOR2

=0

>0


j NABOR4

>0

=0


j NABOR2

=0

=0

3.16 (BOUNDARY)

LS-DYNA 960

*BOUNDARY
*BOUNDARY_ELEMENT_METHOD_SYMMETRY

: .
SYMMETRY
.
,
, 4 8 ,
. .
SYMMETRY :
1

BEMSYM

BEMSYM

LS-DYNA 960

= 0:

= 1:

x = 0

= 2:

y = 0

= 3:

z = 0

3.17 (BOUNDARY)

*BOUNDARY
*BOUNDARY_ELEMENT_METHOD_WAKE

: .
(
, , ).
, ,
(
).
. ,
.
WAKE :
1, 2, 3, ... ( *.)

NELEM

NSIDE

NELEM

NSIDE

NELEM,
(. . 3.2). NELEM,
.

1.

( ,
). ,
.

3.18 (BOUNDARY)

LS-DYNA 960

*BOUNDARY
*BOUNDARY_FLUX_OPTION

:
SEGMENT
SET

:
/ . .

SET :
( 1 2)
1

SSID

SEGMENT :
( 1 2)
1

N1

N2

N3

N4

LS-DYNA 960

3.19 (BOUNDARY)

*BOUNDARY
:
( 2 2)
1

LCID

MLC1

MLC2

MLC3

MLC4

1.0

1.0

1.0

1.0

SSID

, . *SET_SEGMENT

N1,N2...

LCID

,
.*DEFINE_CURVE
>0: ,
=0: ,
<0: .

MLC1

N1, . . 3.6.

MLC2

N2, . . 3.6.

MLC3

N3, . . 3.6.

MLC4

N4, . . 3.6.

.
, .

.
,
. :
N1-N2-N3-N4 . . .
3.6.

3.20 (BOUNDARY)

LS-DYNA 960

*BOUNDARY
q3
q2

q4

q1

n2

n3

n4

n1

. 3.6. .

LS-DYNA 960

3.21 (BOUNDARY)

*BOUNDARY
*BOUNDARY_MCOL

: MCOL. MCOL
.
1.

1

NMCOL

MXSTEP

ENDTMCOL

TSUBC

PRTMCOL

0.0

0.0

2
2

RBMCOL

MCOLFILE

A60

NMCOL

MCOL

MXSTEP

,
MCOL. MXSTEP,
LS-DYNA .

ENDTMCOL

3.22 (BOUNDARY)

MCOL, . 2
= 0.0: LSDYNA

LS-DYNA 960

*BOUNDARY

TSUBC

MCOL
LS-DYNA
= 0.0:

PRTMCOL


MCOL

RBMCOL


LS-DYNA

MCOLFILE

,
MCOL

1.

MCOL
.
. ,
.
/, MCOL.
: LSDYNA ,
MCOL, MCOL. MCOL
LS-DYNA.
MCOL
().

2.

LS-DYNA / MCOL, ,
MCOL. ENDTMCOL .
ENDTMCOL , LS-DYNA,
.

3.

MCOL MCOLOUT (
) MCOLENERGY ( ). LS-POST
MCOLOUT
MCOLENERGY.

LS-DYNA 960

3.23 (BOUNDARY)

*BOUNDARY
*BOUNDARY_NON_REFLECTING

: .
, ,
. ,
.

1

SSID

AD

AS

0.0

0.0

1, 2

SSID

, . *SET_SEGMENT

AD

-
=0.0: ,
0.0: .

AS

-
=0.0: ,
0.0: .

1.


. ,
.

,
.

2.


(, ),

, , . LS-DYNA
, ,
, . ,
- , ,
, .

3.

3.24 (BOUNDARY)

LS-DYNA 960

*BOUNDARY
*BOUNDARY_NON_REFLECTING_2D

: .
, xy,
.
, .

1

NSID

1, 2

NSID

, . *SET_NODE. . . 3.7.

1.


,
. ,
.

2.


, (, ),

, , . LS-DYNA
, ,
, .
, - , ,
,
.

LS-DYNA 960

3.25 (BOUNDARY)

*BOUNDARY

k, k+1, k+2,

.

k+....

k+2

k+1

k
. 3.7.

3.26 (BOUNDARY)

LS-DYNA 960

*BOUNDARY
*BOUNDARY_OUTFLOW_CFD_OPTION

:
SEGMENT
SET

:
. , SOLN=4
SOLN=5 *CONTROL_SOLUTION.
SET .

1

SSID

SEGMENT .

1

N1

N2

N3

N4

SSID
N1, N2, ...

LS-DYNA 960

3.27 (BOUNDARY)

*BOUNDARY


, ,
, .
, ,
.

3.28 (BOUNDARY)

LS-DYNA 960

*BOUNDARY
*BOUNDARY_PRESCRIBED_CFD_OPTION

:
NODE
SET

:
(, , ..) -.
NODE r,
.

1

typeID

DOF

LCID

SF

1.

typeID

DOF

LS-DYNA 960

(NID) (NSID),
. *SET_NODE
:
= 101: x,
= 102: y,
= 103: z,
= 104: ,
= 107: ,
= 110: ,
= 121: 1,
= 122: 2,
= 123: 3,
= 124: 4,
= 125: 5,
= 126: 6,
= 127: 7,
= 128: 8,
= 129: 9,
= 130: 10,
= 201: x, y, z,
= 202: x, y,
= 203: x, z,

3.29 (BOUNDARY)

*BOUNDARY

= 204:
= 301:
LCID

SF

y, z,
.


, . *DEFINE_CURVE
( 1.0)


.
*BOUNDARY_PRESCRIBED_MOTION_OPTION,
, , ,
.. ,
, , .

.
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$$$$ *BOUNDARY_PRESCRIBED_CFD_SET
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$

$ ( )
$
*BOUNDARY_PRESCRIBED_CFD_SET
$
$...>....1....>....2....>....3....>....4....>....5....>....6....>....7....>....8
$
nsid
dof
lcid
sf
$
4
101
8
2.0
$
$
nsid = 4
, *SET_NODE_
$
dof = 101 x
$
lcid = 8
8,
$
*DEFINE_CURVE
$
sf = 2.0 , , 2.0
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$

3.30 (BOUNDARY)

LS-DYNA 960

*BOUNDARY
*BOUNDARY_PRESCRIBED_MOTION_PTION

:
NODE
SET
RIGID
RIGID_LOCAL

: (,
). .
local (),
(. LCO *MAT_RIGID).
.
. NODE.
NODE r,
.

1

typeID

DOF

VAD

LCID

SF

VID

DEATH

BIRTH

1.

1.E+28

0.0

, DOF=9, 10, 11 VAD=4. DOF<9 VAD<4,


.
2

OFFSET1 OFFSET2

MRB

NODE1

NODE2

0.

0.

LS-DYNA 960

3.31 (BOUNDARY)

*BOUNDARY

NID, NSID, PID

(NID), (NSID, .
*SET_NODE) (PID, . *PART)

DOF

:
= 1: x,
= 2: y,
= 3: z,
= 4: ,
VID. ,
.
=-4: , VID.
, .
.
= 5: x,
= 6: y,
= 7: z,
= 8: , VID.
.
=-8: , VID.
.
.
= 9: y/z , x
(OFFSET1,OFFSET2) yz, (y,z).
.
=-9: y/z , x
(OFFSET1,OFFSET2) yz, (y,z).
.
=10: z/x , y
(OFFSET1,OFFSET2) zx, (z,x).
.
=-10: z/x , y
(OFFSET1,OFFSET2) zx, (z,x).
.
=11: x/y , z
(OFFSET1,OFFSET2) xy, (x,y).
.
=-11: x/y , z
(OFFSET1,OFFSET2) xy, (x,y).
.

VAD

- //:
=0: ( ),
=1: ( ),
=2: ( ),
=3: ( ),
=4: ( ).

3.32 (BOUNDARY)

LS-DYNA 960

*BOUNDARY

LCID

SF
VID

DEATH


, . *DEFINE_ CURVE
( 1.0)
DOF 4 8, .
*DEFINE_VECTOR
, /
=0.0:

BIRTH

1028

, /

OFFSET1

9-11 (
y, z, x)

OFFSET2

9-11 (
z, x, y)

MRB

(-)
.

NODE1

n1

NODE2

n2

.
DOF=8,
(offset) DOF>8.

.
:
1. ,
2. n1 n2.
,
- . ,
.
, . ,
, .. ,
.

LS-DYNA 960

3.33 (BOUNDARY)

*BOUNDARY

BIRTH - ,
.

.
, BIRTH, ..
( - BIRTH). ,
, BIRTH, . ,
BIRTH.
,


:

v cm = v node - w (x cm - x node )

vcm - , vnode - , w -
, xcm - , xnode .
.
,
.
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$$$$ *BOUNDARY_PRESCRIBED_MOTION_SET
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$
$ x - ( ).
$
*BOUNDARY_PRESCRIBED_MOTION_SET
$
$...>....1....>....2....>....3....>....4....>....5....>....6....>....7....>....8
$
nsid
dof
vad
lcid
sf
vid
death
4
1
0
8
2.0
$
$
nsid = 4
, *SET_NODE_
$
dof = 1
x
$
vad = 0

$
lcid = 8
8, *DEFINE_CURVE
$
sf = 2.0 , ,
$

2.0
$
vid

$
death
(
$
death)
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$

3.34 (BOUNDARY)

LS-DYNA 960

*BOUNDARY

$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$$$$ *BOUNDARY_PRESCRIBED_MOTION_RIGID
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$
$ z -.
$
*BOUNDARY_PRESCRIBED_MOTION_RIGID
$
$...>....1....>....2....>....3....>....4....>....5....>....6....>....7....>....8
$
pid
dof
vad
lcid
sf
vid
death
84
7
2
9
14.0
$
$
pid = 84 84
$
dof = 7
z
$
vad = 2
()
$
lcid = 9
9,
$
*DEFINE_CURVE ( )
$
sf
(sf = 1.0)
$
vid

$
death = 14 14 (,
$
)
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$

LS-DYNA 960

3.35 (BOUNDARY)

*BOUNDARY
*BOUNDARY_PRESSURE_CFD_SET

:
. , ,
. 3.8.

1

SSID

LCID

SSID

, . *SET_SEGMENT

LCID

, . *DEFINE_CURVE

1.


. .

3.36 (BOUNDARY)

LS-DYNA 960

*BOUNDARY

n1

n2
t

a)
t
n3

n1

n2
n4

r
t

n3

r
n1
n2

)
. 3.8.

.
t.

.

LS-DYNA 960

3.37 (BOUNDARY)

*BOUNDARY
*BOUNDARY_PRESSURE_OUTFLOW_OPTION

:
SEGMENT
SET

: , .

(7)
(3). . *SECTION_SOLID_OPTION.
SET :

1

SSID

SEGMENT :

1

N1

N2

N3

N4

3.38 (BOUNDARY)

LS-DYNA 960

*BOUNDARY

SSID
N1,N2...

LS-DYNA 960

3.39 (BOUNDARY)

*BOUNDARY
*BOUNDARY_RADIATION_PTION

:
SEGMENT
SET

: , ,
.
.
:
1. -
T. 1.
2. ,
.
- , ,
viewfl. _SET

.
SET :
( 1 2)
1

SSID

TYPE

RAD_GRP FILE_NO

SEGMENT :
( 1 2)
1

N1

N2

N3

N4

TYPE

3.40 (BOUNDARY)

LS-DYNA 960

*BOUNDARY
1 :
( 2 2)

RFLCID

RFMULT

TILCID

TIMULT

1.0

1.0

2 :
( 2 2)

SELCID

SEMULT

1.0

SSID
N1,N2...
TYPE

, . *SET_SEGMENT
,
:
=1: ( ),
=2: .

_SET .

RAD_GRP

LS-DYNA 960

.
, ,
,
. RAD_GRP
, .
, _SEGMENT,
.

3.41 (BOUNDARY)

*BOUNDARY

FILE_NO

.
FILE_NO viewfl. , FILE_NO
22,
viewfl_22.
FILE_NO , viewfl.

.

RFLCID

f, .
*DEFINE_CURVE:
>0: ,
=0: , RFMULT,
<0: .

RFMULT

f, . *DEFINE_CURVE

TILCID

T ,
. *DEFINE_CURVE
=0: , TIMULT

TIMULT

T , . *DEFINE_CURVE

SELCID

, .
*DEFINE_CURVE:
>0: ,
=0: , SEMULT,
<0: .

SEMULT

, .
*DEFINE_CURVE


. q& = hr (T - T ),
hr ,
2

hr = f (T + T )(T + T ) .
F ,
.
f = F s T
.
-
( 2). . *CONTROL_THERMAL_SOLVER.

3.42 (BOUNDARY)

LS-DYNA 960

*BOUNDARY

viewfl viewfl_**,
(.., AiFij).
AiFij 8E10.0:
1

A1F11

A1F12 A1F1n

A2F21

A1F22 A2F2n

AnFn1

AnFn2 AnFnn

, ,
,
. , :
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$$$$ *BOUNDARY_RADIATION_SET
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$ 8 9 .
$
*BOUNDARY_RADIATION_SET
15
2
9
10
1.0
1.0
*BOUNDARY_RADIATION_SET
12
2
9
10
1.0
1.0
*BOUNDARY_RADIATION_SET
13
2
8
21
1.0
1.0
$
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$

9
SEGMENT_SET 15, SEGMENT_SET 12,
viewfl_10. 8
SEGMENT_SET 13,
viewfl_21.
,
*BOUNDARY_RADIATION_SEGMENT, ,
*BOUNDARY_RADIATION_SET.

LS-DYNA 960

3.43 (BOUNDARY)

*BOUNDARY
*BOUNDARY_SLIDING_PLANE

: .
, .

NSID

VX

VY

VZ

COPT

NSID

, . *SET_NODE

VX

x ,

VY

y ,

VZ

z ,

COPT

:
=0: , ,
=1: .

, COPT,
.
(0, 0, 0)
, . ,
, .

*BOUNDARY_SPC, *BOUNDARY_SLIDING_PLANE, ,
, ,
- .

3.44 (BOUNDARY)

LS-DYNA 960

*BOUNDARY
*BOUNDARY_SPC_PTION

:
NODE
SET

: .
r-,
.


*CONSTRAINED_GLOBAL.

NID/NSID

CID

DOFX

DOFY

DOFZ

DOFRX

DOFRY

DOFRZ

NID/NSID
CID

, . *SET_NODE
, .
*DEFINE_COORDINATE_SYSTEM

DOFX

1
x

DOFY

1
y

DOFZ

1
z

DOFRX

1
x

DOFRY

1
y

DOFRZ

1
z

LS-DYNA 960

3.45 (BOUNDARY)

*BOUNDARY

,
1. , . SPC ,
(. *MAT_RIGID ).
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$$$$ *BOUNDARY_SPC_NODE
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$ 6 542.
$
*BOUNDARY_SPC_NODE
$
$...>....1....>....2....>....3....>....4....>....5....>....6....>....7....>....8
$
nid
cid
dofx
dofy
dofz
dofrx
dofry
dofrz
6
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
542
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
$
$
6 ( ).
$
$
542 x-z,
$
y x z.
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$

3.46 (BOUNDARY)

LS-DYNA 960

*BOUNDARY
*BOUNDARY_SYMMETRY_FAILURE

: .
, .

SSID

FS

VTX

VTY

VTZ

VHX

VHY

VHZ

0.

0.

0.

0.

0.

0.

0.

SSID
FS

, . *SET_SEGMENT
(> 0.0).
, ,
.

VTX

x ,
(..
)

VTY

VTZ

VHX

VHY

VHZ

,
. ,
. .

LS-DYNA 960

3.47 (BOUNDARY)

*BOUNDARY
*BOUNDARY_TEMPERATURE_OPTION

:
NODE
SET

:
/ .

NID/SID

LCID

CMULT

1.0

NID/SID

LCID

CMULT

/ , .
*SET_NODE_OPTION
:
=0: ,
CMULT

, ,
. CMULT
.

3.48 (BOUNDARY)

LS-DYNA 960

*BOUNDARY
*BOUNDARY_THERMAL_WELD

: .
,
.
1
1

PID

PTYP

NID

NFLAG

X0

Y0

Z0

N2ID

LCID

F
f

F
r

3 ( , N2ID = -1 1,
. )
1

tx

ty

tz

LS-DYNA 960

3.49 (BOUNDARY)

*BOUNDARY

PID

PTYP

NID

NFLAG

X0,Y0,Z0

N2ID

,

PID:
=1: PID ,
=2: PID
,
=0: , (X0, Y0, Z0), .
-,
=1: NID,
=2:
NID
,
(, NID)

> 0: N2ID NID,
,
=-1:
(tx, ty, tz) 3

( )

cf

LCID



=0: Q


[/ , , ]

F
f

F
r

(: Ff+ Fr = 2.0)

tx,ty,tz

3.50 (BOUNDARY)

(
N2ID = -1)

LS-DYNA 960

*BOUNDARY


(J. Goldak) [51].

q=

6 3FQ
p p abc

-3x 2
2
a

-3y 2
2
b

-3z 2
2
c

q = ,

( x,y,z ) = r

F , p ,
F= f
Fr , p
c if point p is in front of beam
c= f
cr if point p is behind beam
.
,
, , .
.
.

LS-DYNA 960

3.51 (BOUNDARY)

*BOUNDARY
*BOUNDARY_USA_SURFACE

: USA (
) [52]. , ,
.

SSID

WETDRY

NBEAM

SSID
WETDRY

NBEAM

, . *SET_SEGMENT
- :
=0: , USA ,
=1: , USA.
, (SOR)
USA. , LS-DYNA
, USA (..,
SOR), LS-DYNA ,
, USA.

, USA
, LS-DYNA ,
4 , , .
USA.
DAA USA,
, , ,
. USA (SOR),
NBEAM
.
USA,
. LS-DYNA, -
d3dump strnam,
FLUMAS,
AUGMAT. Dyna.pre
grdnam FLUMAS strnam AUGMAT.
:

3.52 (BOUNDARY)

LS-DYNA 960

*BOUNDARY
LS-DYNA memory=nwds i=inputfilename > outputfilename,

inputfilename LS-DYNA.
DAA
FLUMAS USA:
FLUMAS -m nwds < flumasinputfilename > flumasoutputfilename

DAA
AUGMAT USA:
AUGMAT -m nwds < augmatinputfilename > augmatoutputfilename

, DAA.

, :
LS-DYNA memory=nwds r=d3dump usa=usainputfilename > outputfilename

, flumasinputfilename, augmatinputfilename usainputfilename,


USA.

ASCII, , .

LS-DYNA 960

3.53 (BOUNDARY)

*BOUNDARY

3.54 (BOUNDARY)

LS-DYNA 960

*COMPONENT

*COMPONENT
*COMPONENT
.
:
*COMPONENT_GEBOD_OPTION
*COMPONENT_GEBOD_JOINT_OPTION
*COMPONENT_HYBRIDIII
*COMPONENT_HYBRIDIII_JOINT_OPTION

LS-DYNA 960

4.1 (COMPONENT)

*COMPONENT
*COMPONENT_GEBOD_OPTION

:
GEBOD. ,
LS-DYNA . (,
..)
, *COMPONENT_
GEBOD_JOINT.
*CONTACT_GEBOD.
, K.
OPTION . male () female
() , child () .
MALE

FEMALE
CHILD

( 1 2)

DID

UNITS

SIZE

DID
UNITS

SIZE

4.2 (COMPONENT)

. .
, :
=1:

lbf*sec2/in - inch sec,

=2:

kg - meter sec,

=3:

kgf*sec2/mm - mm sec,

=4:

metric ton - mm sec,

=5:

kg - mm msec.

.
,
100.
24 240.

LS-DYNA 960

*COMPONENT
( 2 2)
1

VX

VY

VZ

GX

GY

GZ

0.

0.

0.

0.

0.

0.

VX,VY,VZ

x, y z

GX,GY,GZ

x, y z ,

$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$$$$ *COMPONENT_GEBOD_MALE
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$ 7,
$ 50%- lbf*sec^2-inch-sec.
$ 616 /
$ ,
$ z 386 /2.
$
*COMPONENT_GEBOD_MALE
$
$...>....1....>....2....>....3....>....4....>....5....>....6....>....7....>....8
$
did
units
size
7
1
50
$
vx
vy
vz
gx
gy
gz
-616
0
0
0
0
-386
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$

LS-DYNA 960

4.3 (COMPONENT)

*COMPONENT
*COMPONENT_GEBOD_JOINT_OPTION
: GEBOD.

, ,
. .
:
PELVIS ()
WAIST ()
LOWER_NECK ( )
UPPER_NECK ( )
LEFT_SHOULDER ( )
RIGHT_SHOULDER ( )
LEFT_ELBOW ( )
RIGHT_ELBOW ( )
LEFT_HIP ( )
RIGHT_HIP ( )
LEFT_KNEE ( )
RIGHT_KNEE ( )
LEFT_ANKLE ( )
RIGHT_ANKLE ( )
1 -.

DID

LC1

LC2

LC3

SCF1

SCF2

SCF3

DID

, . *COMPONENT_GEBOD_OPTION

LCi

,
( ) i-
.

4.4 (COMPONENT)

LS-DYNA 960

*COMPONENT

i-
.

SCFi

2 - .

C1

C2

C3

NEUT1

NEUT2

NEUT3

,
i- . (
*/),

UNITS 1
*COMPONENT_GEBOD_OPTION.

Ci

( ) i-

NEUTi

3 -.

LOSA1

HISA1

LOSA2

HISA2

LOSA3

HISA3

LOSAi

( ) i-

HISAi

( ) i-

LS-DYNA 960

4.5 (COMPONENT)

*COMPONENT
4 - .
1

UNK1

UNK2

UNK3

0.

0.

0.

UNKi

4.6 (COMPONENT)

( /) i-
. .
UNITS 1
*COMPONENT_GEBOD_OPTION

LS-DYNA 960

*COMPONENT
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$$$$ *COMPONENT_GEBOD_JOINT_LEFT_SHOULDER
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$ ,
$ 7 2.5.
$ .
$
*COMPONENT_GEBOD_JOINT_LEFT_SHOULDER
$
$...>....1....>....2....>....3....>....4....>....5....>....6....>....7....>....8
$
did
lc1
lc2
lc3
scf1
scf2
scf3
7
0
0
0
0
0
0
$
c1
c2
c3
neut1
neut2
neut3
2.5
2.5
2.5
0
0
0
$
losa1
hisa1
losa2
hisa2
losa3
hisa3
0
0
0
0
0
0
$
unk1
unk2
unk3
0
0
0
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$$$$ *COMPONENT_GEBOD_JOINT_WAIST
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$
9
$ ( ) 7.
$ ( ),
$ 45 .
$ .
$
*COMPONENT_GEBOD_JOINT_WAIST
$
$...>....1....>....2....>....3....>....4....>....5....>....6....>....7....>....8
$
did
lc1
lc2
lc3
scf1
scf2
scf3
7
0
8
0
0
0
0
$
c1
c2
c3
neut1
neut2
neut3
0
0
0
0
0
0
$
losa1
hisa1
losa2
hisa2
losa3
hisa3
0
45
0
0
0
0
$
unk1
unk2
unk3
0
0
0
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$

LS-DYNA 960

4.7 (COMPONENT)

*COMPONENT
*COMPONENT_HYBRIDIII
:
HYBRID III ( III).
, LS-DYNA
. (, , ..)
,
*COMPONENT_HYBRIDIII_JOINT.
( ).
( 1 2)

DID

SIZE

UNITS

DEFRM

VX

VY

VZ

0.

0.

0.

DID

. .

SIZE

.
=1: 5%- ,
=2: 50%- ,
=3: 95%- .

UNITS

, :
=1: bf*sec2/in - inch sec,
=2: kg - meter sec,
=3: kgf*sec2/mm - mm sec,
=4: metric ton - mm sec,
=5: kg - mm msec.

DEFRM

:
=1: ,
=2: / (
, mat #57),
=3: ( , mat #57),
=4: (-, mat #6),
=5: /,
=6: / ,
=7: / / .

VX,VY,VZ

4.8 (COMPONENT)

x, y z

LS-DYNA 960

*COMPONENT
( 2 2)
1

HX

HY

HZ

RX

RY

RZ

0.

0.

0.

0.

0.

0.

HX,HY,HZ

x, y z

RX,RY,RZ


x, y z ( )

$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$$$$ *COMPONENT_HYBRIDIII
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$ HYBRID III 7,
$ 50%-
$ lbf*sec^2-inch-sec.
$ 616 / x.
$ H (x,y,z)=(38,20,0),
$ 18 .
$
*COMPONENT_HYBRIDIII
$
$...>....1....>....2....>....3....>....4....>....5....>....6....>....7....>....8
$
did
. size
units
defrm
vx
vy
vz
7
2
1
1
-616.
0.
0.
$
hx
hy
hz
rx
ry
rz
38.
20.
0.
18.
0.
0.
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$

LS-DYNA 960

4.9 (COMPONENT)

*COMPONENT
*COMPONENT_HYBRIDIII_JOINT_OPTION
: HYBRID III.
, .
:
LUMBAR ( )
LOWER_NECK ( )
UPPER_NECK ( )
LEFT_SHOULDER ( )
RIGHT_SHOULDER ( )
LEFT_ELBOW ( )
RIGHT_ELBOW ( )
LEFT_WRIST ( )
RIGHT_WRIST ( )
LEFT_HIP ( )
RIGHT_HIP ( )
LEFT_KNEE ( )
RIGHT_KNEE ( )
LEFT_ANKLE ( )
RIGHT_ANKLE ( )
RIBCAGE ( )

1 - .

DID

Q1

Q2

Q3

FRIC

4.10 (COMPONENT)

LS-DYNA 960

*COMPONENT

2 - .

C1

ALO1

BLO1

AHI1

BHI1

QLO1

QHI1

3 - . ,
.

C2

ALO2

BLO2

AHI2

BHI2

QLO2

QHI2

4 - . ,
.

C3

ALO3

BLO3

AHI3

BHI3

QLO3

QHI3

LS-DYNA 960

4.11 (COMPONENT)

*COMPONENT

DID

, . *COMPONENT_HYBRIDIII

Qi

FRIC

i- .
. . K,
.

Ci

, i .

ALOi

i-

BLOi

i-

AHIi

i-
.

BHIi

i-

QLOi

QHIi

4.12 (COMPONENT)

LS-DYNA 960

*COMPONENT
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$$$$ *COMPONENT_HYBRIDIII_JOINT_LEFT_ANKLE
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$ ,
$ 7, 2.5.
$ .
$ 20 .
$
*COMPONENT_HYBRIDIII_JOINT_LEFT_ANKLE
$
$...>....1....>....2....>....3....>....4....>....5....>....6....>....7....>....8
$
did
q1
q2
q3
fric
7
0
20.
0
0
0
$
c1
alo1
blo1
ahi1
bhi1
qlo1
qhi1
2.5
0
0
0
0
0
0
$
c2
alo2
blo2
ahi2
bhi2
qlo2
qhi2
2.5
0
0
0
0
0
0
$
2.5
alo3
blo3
ahi3
bhi3
qlo3
qhi3

LS-DYNA 960

4.13 (COMPONENT)

*COMPONENT

4.14 (COMPONENT)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONSTRAINED

*CONSTRAINED
*CONSTRAINED ()
.
:
*CONSTRAINED_ADAPTIVITY ()
*CONSTRAINED_EXTRA_NODES_OPTION ( )
*CONSTRAINED_GENERALIZED_WELD_OPTION ( )
*CONSTRAINED_GLOBAL ( )
*CONSTRAINED_INTERPOLATION ( )
*CONSTRAINED_JOINT_ OPTION ()
*CONSTRAINED_JOINT_STIFFNESS_OPTION ( )
*CONSTRAINED_LAGRANGE_IN_SOLID ( )
*CONSTRAINED_LINEAR ( )
*CONSTRAINED_NODAL_RIGID_BODY_{OPTION} ( )
*CONSTRAINED_NODE_SET ( )
*CONSTRAINED_POINTS ( )
*CONSTRAINED_RIGID_BODIES ( )
*CONSTRAINED_RIGID_BODY_STOPPERS ( )
*CONSTRAINED_RIVET ( )
*CONSTRAINED_SHELL_TO_SOLID ( )
*CONSTRAINED_SPOTWELD_{OPTION} ( )
*CONSTRAINED_TIE-BREAK ( )
*CONSTRAINED_TIED_NODES_FAILURE ( )

LS-DYNA 960

5.1 (CONSTRAINED)

*CONSTRAINED
*CONSTRAINED_ADAPTIVITY
: ,
. LS-DYNA
. .

SN

MN1

MN2

SN

. ,

MN1

MN2

5.2 (CONSTRAINED)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONSTRAINED
*CONSTRAINED_EXTRA_NODES_OPTION
:
NODE ()
SET ( )
: .

PID

NID/NSID

PID

NID/NSID

, ,
. *PART
( _NODE)
( _SET), . *SET_NODE

:
,
, , .
, :
1. ( )
,
2. , ,
3. ,
4. ,
.
.

LS-DYNA 960

5.3 (CONSTRAINED)

*CONSTRAINED
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$$$$ *CONSTRAINED_EXTRA_NODES_NODE
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$ 285 4576 14 ( 14 )
$
*CONSTRAINED_EXTRA_NODES_NODE
$
$...>....1....>....2....>....3....>....4....>....5....>....6....>....7....>....8
$
pid
nid
14
285
14
4576
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$$$$ *CONSTRAINED_EXTRA_NODES_SET
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$ 4 17 ( 17 )
$
$ 4 17
$ .
$
*CONSTRAINED_EXTRA_NODES_SET
$
$...>....1....>....2....>....3....>....4....>....5....>....6....>....7....>....8
$
pid
nsid
17
4
$
$
*SET_NODE_LIST
$
sid
4
$
nid1
nid2
nid3
nid4
nid5
nid6
nid7
nid8
665
778
896
827
$
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$

5.4 (CONSTRAINED)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONSTRAINED
*CONSTRAINED_GENERALIZED_WELD_ OPTION
:
SPOT ( )
FILLET ( )
BUTT ( )
CROSS_FILLET ( )
COMBINED ( )
: . ,
.
, .
. .
. ,
.
1. , .

NSID

CID

FILTER

WINDOW

NPR

NPRT

NSID
CID

FILTER

LS-DYNA 960

, . *SET_NODE_OPTION

, . *DEFINE_ COORDINATE_OPTION.
CID ,

,
. ,
,
, 6
.

5.5 (CONSTRAINED)

*CONSTRAINED

1: ,
= n: , n,
,
, .
WINDOW

,
.
, .
,
.
= 0:

NPR

NFW

NPRT

5.6 (CONSTRAINED)

RBDOUT:
= 0: ,
= 1: ,
= 2: .

LS-DYNA 960

*CONSTRAINED
CONSTRAINED_GENERALIZED_WELD_SPOT:
2

TFAIL

EPSF

SN

SS

TFAIL
EPSF

tf ( 1.E+20)
p
e fail

SN

Sn (
)

SS

Ss (
)

n (
)

m (
)

:
,
epfail.
,
, .
,
.
,
. ,
,
.
,
n

max ( f n , 0 ) fS

+ 1,
Sn

SS

LS-DYNA 960

5.7 (CONSTRAINED)

*CONSTRAINED
fn fs .
fn .
tf ,
. . 5.1
.
, z .
. 3- :
, . n
, (1 n) 2 n-1.
, ,
.
z

2
y

y
3
1

2
x

x
z
n

n-1

n
y
2

x
1

. 5.1.

5.8 (CONSTRAINED)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONSTRAINED
FILLET:
2

TFAIL

EPSF

SIGY

BETA

ALPHA

TFAIL

tf ( =1.E+20)

EPSF

e fail.

SIGY

sf

BETA

/ L (. . 5.2 5.3)

w (. . 5.2)

a (. . 5.2)

ALPHA

a (. . 5.2)

, .. ,
, .
,

b s n2 + 3 (t n2 + t t2 ) s f ,

sn = ,
tn = ( y),
tt = ( x),
sf = ,
b = .

LS-DYNA 960

5.9 (CONSTRAINED)

*CONSTRAINED

sn . tf
,
. . 5.2
. ,
z . .
3 :
, .

2
a

2
x

3
3
2
1

. 5.2.
. .

5.10 (CONSTRAINED)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONSTRAINED
BUTT:
2

TFAIL

EPSF

SIGY

BETA

LT

TFAIL

tf ( =1.E+20)

EPSF

e fail

SIGY

sf

BETA

/ L (. . 5.2 5.3)

d (. . 5.3)

LT

Lt (. . 5.3)

, .. ,
, .
,
b s n2 + 3 (t n2 + t t2 ) s f ,

sn
tn
tt
sf
b

=
=
=
=
=

,
( y),
( z),
,
.

sn . tf
,
. .

LS-DYNA 960

5.11 (CONSTRAINED)

*CONSTRAINED

L
z

2- ,

2-
Lt
L

4-

. 5.3.

5.12 (CONSTRAINED)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONSTRAINED
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$$$$ *CONSTRAINED_GENERALIZED_WELD_BUTT
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$ .
$ 32-33, 34-35 36-37.
$ 3 *CONSTRAINED_GENERALIZED_WELD_BUTT,
$ . (L) = 10,
$ (D) = 2 (Lt) = 1.
$ :
$ , , 0.3
$ , 0.25;
$ - b = 0.9.
b > 1
$ : b < 1 ,
$
*CONSTRAINED_GENERALIZED_WELD_BUTT
$
$...>....1....>....2....>....3....>....4....>....5....>....6....>....7....>....8
$
nsid
cid
21
$
tfail
epsf
sigy
beta
L
D
Lt
0.3
0.250
0.9
10.0
2.0
1.0
$
$
*CONSTRAINED_GENERALIZED_WELD_BUTT
$
nsid
cid
23
$
tfail
epsf
sigy
beta
L
D
Lt
0.3
0.250
0.9
10.0
2.0
1.0
$
*CONSTRAINED_GENERALIZED_WELD_BUTT
$
nsid
cid
25
$
tfail
epsf
sigy
beta
L
D
Lt
0.3
0.250
0.9
10.0
2.0
1.0
$
*SET_NODE_LIST
$
sid
21
$
nid1
nid2
32
33
*SET_NODE_LIST
23
34
35
*SET_NODE_LIST
25
36
37
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
LS-DYNA 960

5.13 (CONSTRAINED)

*CONSTRAINED
( 1+NPR) CROSS_FILLET:
2

TFAIL

EPSF

SIGY

BETA

ALPHA

NODEA

NODEB

NCID

3,4,
...,2+NPR

TFAIL

tf ( =1.E+20)

EPSF

SIGY

sf

BETA

p
fail

/ L (. . 5.2 5.3)

w (. . 5.2)

a (. . 5.2)

ALPHA

a (. . 5.2)

NODEA

A ( CROSS
COMBINED). . . 5.4.

NODEB

B ( CROSS
COMBINED)

NCID

5.14 (CONSTRAINED)

( CROSS
COMBINED)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONSTRAINED

2
3
1

z2

z1

x2

y1
x1

y2

z3

x3
y3

2
3

. 5.4.

, .
NFW=3: (A=2, B=1), (A=3, B=1) (A=3, B=2).
.
,
.

LS-DYNA 960

5.15 (CONSTRAINED)

*CONSTRAINED
NPR COMBINED. 2 3
NPR :
2

TFAIL

EPSF

SIGY

BETA

ALPHA

NODEA

NODEB

NCID

WTYP

TFAIL

tf ( =1.E+20)

EPSF

e fail

SIGY

sf

BETA

/ L (. . 5.2 5.3)

w (. . 5.2)

a (. . 5.2)

ALPHA

a (. . 5.2)

NODEA

A ( CROSS
COMBINED)

NODEB

B ( CROSS
COMBINED)

NCID

5.16 (CONSTRAINED)

( CROSS
COMBINED)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONSTRAINED

WTYPE

( GENERAL). . . 5.5.
= 0: ,
= 1: .

. 5.5.

LS-DYNA 960

5.17 (CONSTRAINED)

*CONSTRAINED
*CONSTRAINED_GLOBAL

: -.

1

TC

RC

DIR

TC

:
= 1: x,
= 2: y,
= 3: z,
= 4: x y,
= 5: y z,
= 6: x z,
= 7: x, y z.

RC

:
= 1: x,
= 2: y,
= 3: z,
= 4: x y,
= 5: y z,
= 6: z x,
= 7: x, y z.

DIR


= 1: x,
= 2: y,
= 3: z.

5.18 (CONSTRAINED)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONSTRAINED

, ,
.
r-, .. .

LS-DYNA 960

5.19 (CONSTRAINED)

*CONSTRAINED
*CONSTRAINED_INTERPOLATION

: .
.

, ,
- (
), -.
.
.
*CONSTRAINED_INTERPOLATION. ,
*.

1

ICID

DNID

DDOF

123456

2, 3, 4 .. .
, *.
1

INID

IDOF

123456

1.0

TWGHTX TWGHTY TWGHTZ RWGHTX RWGHTY RWGHTZ

TWGHTX TWGHTX TWGHTX TWGHTX TWGHTX

ICID

DNID

.
-

5.20 (CONSTRAINED)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONSTRAINED

DDOF

.
6 ,
. , 1356, ,
1, 3, 5 6.
123456. :
= 1:
= 2:
= 3:
= 4:
= 5:
= 6:

x,
y,
z,
x,
y,
z.

INID

IDOF

,
DDOF,

TWGHTX

INID ,
IDOF.
x.

TWGHTX,
, ..
. ,
.
.

TWGHTY

INID ,
IDOF.
y.

TWGHTZ

INID ,
IDOF.
z.

RWGHTX

INID ,
IDOF.
x.

RWGHTY

INID ,
IDOF.
y.

RWGHTZ

INID ,
IDOF.
z.

LS-DYNA 960

5.21 (CONSTRAINED)

*CONSTRAINED

$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$$$$ *CONSTRAINED_INTERPOLATION ( )
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$
$
$ .
$ ddof=456.
$
*CONSTRAINED_INTERPOLATION
$
$...>....1....>....2....>....3....>....4....>....5....>....6....>....7....>....8
$
icid
dnid
ddof
1
45
123456
$
inid
idof
twghtx
twghty
twghtz
rwghtx
rwghty
rwghtz
22
123
44
123
43
123
$
*.........
$

5.22 (CONSTRAINED)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONSTRAINED
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$$$$ *CONSTRAINED_INTERPOLATION ( )
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$
y, 100,
$
, x, ,
$ .
$
*DEFINE_CURVE
1,0,0.,0.,0.,0.,0
0.,0.
.1,10000.
*LOAD_NODE_POINT
100,6,1,1.0
$
*CONSTRAINED_INTERPOLATION
$
$...>....1....>....2....>....3....>....4....>....5....>....6....>....7....>....8
$
icid
dnid
ddof
1
100
5
$
inid
idof
twghtx
twghty
twghtz
rwghtx
rwghty
rwghtz
96
1
97
1
98
1
99
1
177
1
178
1
179
1
180
1
$
*.........
$

LS-DYNA 960

5.23 (CONSTRAINED)

*CONSTRAINED
*CONSTRAINED_JOINT_OPTION

( ):
CONSTRAINED_JOINT_SPHERICAL ( )
CONSTRAINED_JOINT_REVOLUTE ( )
CONSTRAINED_JOINT_CYLINDRICAL ( )
CONSTRAINED_JOINT_PLANAR ( )
CONSTRAINED_JOINT_UNIVERSAL ( )
CONSTRAINED_JOINT_TRANSLATIONAL ( )
CONSTRAINED_JOINT_LOCKING ( )
CONSTRAINED_JOINT_TRANSLATIONAL_MOTOR (
)
CONSTRAINED_JOINT_ROTATIONAL_MOTOR ( )
CONSTRAINED_JOINT_GEARS ( )
CONSTRAINED_JOINT_RACK_AND_PINION ( )
CONSTRAINED_JOINT_CONSTANT_VELOCITY
)

CONSTRAINED_JOINT_PULLEY ( )
CONSTRAINED_JOINT_SCREW ( )

, ,
, :
LOCAL

: , . . 5.6.
:

1 .
2 : MOTOR, GEARS,
RACK_AND_PINION, PULLEY SCREW.
,
LOCAL.

5.24 (CONSTRAINED)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONSTRAINED
(. . 5.6, 5.7), ,
(1, 2), (3, 4) (5, 6) .

. (3, 4) , ,
(1, 3) (2, 4), .
. 5.6.
(. *CONTROL_RIGID),
, .
, .
,
.
.
,
( 1), ( 2 4), 3 .
1, .
1

N1

N2

N3

N4

N5

N6

RPS

DAMP

1.0

1.0

N1

1 A.

N2

2 B.

N3

3 A.
(SPHERICAL)

N4

4 B.
(SPHERICAL)

N5

5 A. : TRANSLATIONAL,
LOCKING, ROTATIONAL_MOTOR, CONSTANT_VELOCITY, GEARS,
RACK_AND_PINION, PULLEY SCREW

N6

6 B. : TRANSLATIONAL,
LOCKING, ROTATIONAL_MOTOR, CONSTANT_VELOCITY, GEARS,
RACK_AND_PINION, PULLEY SCREW

LS-DYNA 960

5.25 (CONSTRAINED)

*CONSTRAINED

( 1.0).

RPS

,
( ):
= 0.0:
1.0,
0.01 > 0.0: .

DAMP

2. MOTOR, GEARS, RACK_AND_PINION,


PULLEY SCREW.
1

PARM

LCID

TYPE

R1

PARM

, .
MOTOR
: R2 / R1
: h
: R2 / R1
: x& / w

LCID

,
MOTOR.

TYPE

- MOTOR:
= 0: / ,
= 1: / ,
= 2: / .

R1

5.26 (CONSTRAINED)

R 1 . ,
5 6 .

LS-DYNA 960

*CONSTRAINED

, , LOCAL.
1

RAID

LST

RAID

LST

LS-DYNA 960

().

.
- :
= 0: ,
= 1: .

5.27 (CONSTRAINED)

*CONSTRAINED

Spherical
joint

Revolute joint

Cylindrical joint

Planar joint

Translational joint

Universal joint

. 5.6. 1-6

5
1
3
6
2
4

Locking joint

. 5.7. .

5.28 (CONSTRAINED)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONSTRAINED

. 5.8.

.
,

.


. 5.9. .

,
.

LS-DYNA 960

5.29 (CONSTRAINED)

*CONSTRAINED

R2

R
1
1

6
3

. 5.10.

. (1 ,3) (2, 4) ,
. (1, 5) (2, 6)
. R2 .
R1

1
3

5
h

2
. 5.11.

. (1, 3) ,
. (1, 5) .
(2, 4) . h
.

5.30 (CONSTRAINED)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONSTRAINED

5
1 2

6
4

w
w

. 5.12.

. (1, 3) (2, 4)
, (1,5) (2, 6)
. 1 2 .

R2

R
1

1
3

. 5.13.

. (1, 3) (2, 4) ,
. (1, 5) (2, 6) .
R 2 .
R1

LS-DYNA 960

5.31 (CONSTRAINED)

*CONSTRAINED

6
w

2
.
x

. 5.14.

.
. (1, 3) (2, 4)
, (1, 5) (2, 6) .
x&
.
w

$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$$$$ *CONSTRAINED_JOINT_PLANAR
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$ :
$
- 91 94 1.
$
- 21 150 2.
$
- 91 21 .
$
* .
$
- 94 150 .
$
* 150 ,
$
94, 2.
$
* (, ,
$
91 94, ).
$
*CONSTRAINED_JOINT_PLANAR
$
$...>....1....>....2....>....3....>....4....>....5....>....6....>....7....>....8
$
n1
n2
n3
n4
n5
n6
rps
91
21
94
150
0.000E+00
$
$
*NODE
$
nid
x
y
z
tc
rc
150
0.00
3.00
0.00
0
0
$

5.32 (CONSTRAINED)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONSTRAINED
*CONSTRAINED_EXTRA_NODES_SET
$
pid
nsid
2
6
$
*SET_NODE_LIST
$
sid
6
$
nid1
150
$
$$$
$
*DATABASE_JNTFORC
$ dt/cycl
lcdt
0.0001
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$

$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$$$$ *CONSTRAINED_JOINT_REVOLUTE
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$ .
$ , , .
$ A B ,
$ .
$
$ 1 2 A 9 10
$ B . ( .)
$
$ 1.0,
$ .
$
*CONSTRAINED_JOINT_REVOLUTE
$
$...>....1....>....2....>....3....>....4....>....5....>....6....>....7....>....8
$
n1
n2
n3
n4
n5
n6
rps
damp
1
9
2
10
1.0
$
$ : . ,
$
, , .
$
:
$
*CONSTRAINED_JOINT_STIFFNESS_GENERALIZED
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$

LS-DYNA 960

5.33 (CONSTRAINED)

*CONSTRAINED
*CONSTRAINED_JOINT_STIFFNESS_OPTION

:
GENERALIZED ( )
FLEXION-TORSION ( )

: ,
*CONSTRAINED_JOINT_OPTION.
, , ,
- .
JNTFORC ( ).
,
.
:

1 .
2 - 4 .
1 .
1

JSID

PIDA

PIDB

CIDA

CIDB

CIDA

JSID

PIDA

A, . *PART

PIDB

B, . *PART

CIDA

A, .
*DEFINE_COORDINATE_OPTION

CIDB

B. ,
A, .
*DEFINE_COORDINATE_OPTION

5.34 (CONSTRAINED)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONSTRAINED
2 , GENERALIZED.
2

LCIDPH

LCIDT

LCIDPS

DLCIDPH DLCIDT

DLCIDPS

LCIDPH

,
f . . . 5.15.
, 0.0. .
*DEFINE_CURVE.

LCIDT

,
q . ,
0.0. . *DEFINE_CURVE.

LCIDPS

,
y . ,
0.0. . *DEFINE_CURVE.

DLCIDPH

f-
. , .
. *DEFINE_CURVE.

DLCIDT

q-
. , .
. *DEFINE_CURVE.

DLCIDPS

y-
. , .
. *DEFINE_CURVE.

LS-DYNA 960

5.35 (CONSTRAINED)

*CONSTRAINED
3 , GENERALIZED
3

ESPH

FMPH

EST

FMT

ESPS

FMPS

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

ESPH


f. . . 5.16. ,

f.

FMPH

f.
,
f.
.
,
,
f. . . 5.16.

EST


q. . . 5.16. ,

q.

FMT

q.
,
q.
.
,
,
q. . . 5.16.

ESPS


y. . . 5.16. ,

y.

5.36 (CONSTRAINED)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONSTRAINED

y.
,
y.

.
,
,
y. . . 5.16.

FMPS

4 , GENERALIZED
4

NSAPH

PSAPH

NSAT

PSAT

NSAPS

PSAPS

NSAPH


f. , .

PSAPH


f. , .

NSAT


q. , .

PSAT


q . , .

NSAPS


y. , .

PSAPS


y. , .

,
, 3.
. ,
.

LS-DYNA 960

5.37 (CONSTRAINED)

*CONSTRAINED

y
x

f
y

. 5.15.

.
, 4.
, f, q y ,
.

. 5.16.

.
.
.

5.38 (CONSTRAINED)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONSTRAINED
2 , FLEXION-TORSION
2

LCIDAL

LCIDG

LCIDBT

1.0

1.0

DLCIDAL DLCIDG

DLCIDBT

LCIDAL

, a-
. . . 5.17, 0 a p .
,
. . *DEFINE_CURVE.

LCIDG

,
g
a.
-pgp. ,
1.0. . *DEFINE_ CURVE.

LCIDBT

,
b- . ,
. . *DEFINE_CURVE.

DLCIDAL

a-
. , .
. *DEFINE_CURVE.

DLCIDG

g-
.
a-. ,
. .
*DEFINE_CURVE.

DLCIDBT

b- .
, . . *DEFINE_CURVE.

LS-DYNA 960

5.39 (CONSTRAINED)

*CONSTRAINED
3 , FLEXION-TORSION
3

ESAL

FMAL

ESBT

FMBT

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

ESAL


a, . . 5.17. ,

a.

FMAL

a.
,
a.
.
,
,
a, . . 5.17.

ESBT


b, . . 5.17.
,
b.

FMBT


b.
. ,
,

b, . . 5.17.

5.40 (CONSTRAINED)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONSTRAINED
4 , FLEXION-TORSION
4

SAAL

NSABT

PSABT

SAAL

a, 0 a p .
, .

NSABT


b. , .

PSABT


b. , .


, .
,
, 3.
, .
,
,
.

LS-DYNA 960

5.41 (CONSTRAINED)

*CONSTRAINED

. 5.17.

.
,
, , a g ,
. b
, ,
. , b
.

5.42 (CONSTRAINED)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONSTRAINED
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$$$$ *CONSTRAINED_JOINT_STIFFNESS_GENERALIZED
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$ ,
$
*CONSTRAINED_JOINT_REVOLUTE
$
$ :
$
- 30
$
(.. 30 ,
$
)
$
- A ( 1) B ( 2)
$
-
$
A 1, 2 3 (cid = 5).
$
(PH), (T) (PS).
$
-
$
100, 10, 10 PH, T, PS .
$
- , , .
$
*CONSTRAINED_JOINT_STIFFNESS_GENERALIZED
$
$...>....1....>....2....>....3....>....4....>....5....>....6....>....7....>....8
$
jsid
pida
pidb
cida
cidb
1
1
2
5
5
$
$ lcidph
lcidt
lcidps dlcidph
dlcidt dlcidps
$
$
$
$

esph
100.0

fmps

est
10.0

fmt

esps
10.0

fmps

nsaph

psaph
30.0

nsat

psat

nsaps

psaps

$
$
*DEFINE_COORDINATE_NODES
$
cid
n1
n2
n3
5
1
2
3
$
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$

LS-DYNA 960

5.43 (CONSTRAINED)

*CONSTRAINED
*CONSTRAINED_LAGRANGE_IN_SOLID

: () ,
() .
.

.
: ,
. CTYPE.

1

SLAVE

MASTER

SSTYP

MSTYP

NQUAD

CTYPE

DIREC

MCOUP

START

END

PFAC

FRIC

FRCMIN

NORM

1.0E10

0.1

0.0

0.5

CQ

HMIN

HMAX

0.0

5.44 (CONSTRAINED)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONSTRAINED

SLAVE

MASTER

,
, . *PART , *SET_PART *SET_SEGMENT
,
. PART *SET_PART

SSTYP

:
= 0: ,
= 1: ,
= 2: .

MSTYP

:
= 0: ,
= 1: .

NQUAD


:
= 0: ,
= n: n*n ,
= -n: n*n .

CTYPE

:
= 1: ,
= 2: ( ),
= 3: ,
= 4: (
),
= 5:
( ).

DIREC

(CTYPE=4, 5):
= 1: , ( ),
= 2: , ,
= 3: .

MCOUP

(CTYPE=4, 5):
= 0: ,
,
= 1: .

START

END

PFAC

( CTYPE=4 5).

LS-DYNA 960

5.45 (CONSTRAINED)

*CONSTRAINED

FRIC
FRCMIN
NORM

CQ

( DIREC=2)
(MCOUP=1)
:
= 0: ( ),
= 1: .
Cq

HMIN

PFAC

h max .
, .

min

q=

C q DT
max (h min,h)

DT - , h
.

5.46 (CONSTRAINED)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONSTRAINED
*CONSTRAINED_LINEAR

: - /,
.
*CONSTRAINED_INTERPOLATION.
1,
1

NUM

2; NUM (. ), .
2

NID

DOFX

DOFY

DOFZ

DOFRX

DOFRY

DOFRZ

COEF

NUM

NID

DOFX, DOFY, DOFZ, DOFRX, DOFRY DOFRZ


.
DOFX

1
x, 0

DOFY

1
y, 0

LS-DYNA 960

5.47 (CONSTRAINED)

*CONSTRAINED

DOFZ

1
z, 0

DOFRX

1 x, 0

DOFRY

1 y, 0

DOFRZ

1 z, 0

COEF

Ck,

, -, , ,
, ..
, , . , ,
-,
.

n

C u
k

= C0 ,

k =1

uk , Ck , . C
, LS-DYNA
.

Ck
uk .
k = 2 C1
n

u1 = C 0 -

Ck
uk ,
k = 2 C1
n

C
u 1 = - k u k
k = 2 C1

u 1 = -

. L u u
~

~c

. :

5.48 (CONSTRAINED)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONSTRAINED
-1

t
t
&&
u = L M L L F ,
~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~c
M - , F - . ,
~
~
,
.

$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$$$$ *CONSTRAINED_LINEAR
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$ 40 42 z.
$
$ , :
$
$
0 = C40uz40 + C42uz42 = uz40 - uz42,
$
$
$
uz40 = uz42,
$
$
$
C40 = 1.00 - 40
$
C42 = -1.00 - 42
$
uz40 = 40 z
$
uz42 = 42 z
$
$
*CONSTRAINED_LINEAR
$
$...>....1....>....2....>....3....>....4....>....5....>....6....>....7....>....8
$
i
$
num
2
$
$
nid
dofx
dofy
dofz
dofrx
dofry
dofrz
coef
40
1
1.00
42
1
-1.00
$
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$

LS-DYNA 960

5.49 (CONSTRAINED)

*CONSTRAINED
*CONSTRAINED_NODAL_RIGID_BODY_{OPTION}

, ,

INERTIA ()

: , .. , .
INERTIA , .
. INERTIA,

.
:

1 .
2 - 4 INERTIA.
5 ,
.
:

1. *CONSTRAINED_NODE_SET,
,
, , .
.
, INERTIA.
1, .
1

PID

CID

NSID

PNODE

IPRT

PID

5.50 (CONSTRAINED)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONSTRAINED

CID


, . *DEFINE_COORDINATE_OPTION.
, (. )

NSID

, . *SET_NODE_OPTION.
, . NSID=0, NSID=PID, ..

.

PNODE

, , ,
.
, ,
. , ,

. CID,
PNODE
D3PLOT D3THDT. PNODE
, .

IPRT

- . ,
, :
= 0: MATSUM RBDOUT,
= 1: RBDOUT,
= 2: MATSUM,
= 3: RBDOUT MATSUM.
2- ,
IPRT .
RBDOUT , 2-
.

2 , INERTIA.
2

XC

YC

ZC

TM

IRCS

NODEID

LS-DYNA 960

5.51 (CONSTRAINED)

*CONSTRAINED

XC

x . NODEID,
XC, YC ZC ,
NODEID

YC

ZC

TM

IRCS

- :
= 0: ,
= 1: , .

NODEID

, .
NSID (. ),

. PNODE NODEID ,
PNODE
.

3 , INERTIA.
3

IXX

IXY

IXZ

IYY

IYZ

IZZ

IXX

Ixx

IXY

Ixy ( , IRCS=1)

IXZ

Ixz ( , IRCS=1)

IYY

Iyy

IYZ

Iyz ( , IRCS=1)

IZZ

Izz

5.52 (CONSTRAINED)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONSTRAINED

4 , INERTIA.
4

VTX

VTY

VTZ

VRX

VRY

VRZ

VTX

VTY

VTZ

VRX

VRY

VRZ

, IRCS=1.
.
5

XL

YL

ZL

XLIP

YLIP

ZLIP

CID

LS-DYNA 960

5.53 (CONSTRAINED)

*CONSTRAINED

XL

x x. (0, 0, 0)

YL

y y

ZL

z z

XLIP

YLIP

ZLIP

CID

, .
*DEFINE_COORDINATE_... ,
1-6 .

.
x z ,
x . , y
z x. ,
CID, ,
,
, .

$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$$$$ *CONSTRAINED_NODAL_RIGID_BODY
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$ , 61
$
$
.
$ .
$
.
$
.
$ .
$

5.54 (CONSTRAINED)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONSTRAINED
*CONSTRAINED_NODAL_RIGID_BODY
$
$...>....1....>....2....>....3....>....4....>....5....>....6....>....7....>....8
$
nsid
cid
61
$
$
nsid = 61 , *SET_NODE_
$
cid
;
$
$
*SET_NODE_LIST
$
sid
61
$
nid1
nid2
nid3
nid4
nid5
nid6
nid7
nid8
823
1057
1174
1931
2124
1961
2101
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$

LS-DYNA 960

5.55 (CONSTRAINED)

*CONSTRAINED
*CONSTRAINED_NODE_SET

: ,
. . . . 5.18. ,
, - ,
, , , *BOUNDARY_PRESCRIBED_MOTION.

1

NSID

DOF

TF

1.E+20

NSID

, . *SET_NODE_OPTION

DOF

:
= 1: x,
= 2: y,
= 3: z,
= 4: x y,
= 5: y z,
= 6: z x,
= 7: x, y z.

TF

1.

2.

.
, .

*CONSTRAINED_NODAL_RIGID_BODY_OPTION.
TF ,
.

5.56 (CONSTRAINED)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONSTRAINED

* CONSTRAINED_ NODE_ SET



,

,

F
x

* CONSTRAINED_NODAL_ RIGID_BODY
* CONSTRAINED_SPOTWELD

y
x

a b

. 5.18.

*CONSTRAINED_NODE_SET
.

$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$$$$ *CONSTRAINED_NODE_SET
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$
z.
$
*CONSTRAINED_NODE_SET
$
$...>....1....>....2....>....3....>....4....>....5....>....6....>....7....>....8
nsid
dof
tf
7
3
10.0
$
$
nsid = 7
, *SET_NODE_
$
dof = 3
z
$
tf = 3
t=10
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$

LS-DYNA 960

5.57 (CONSTRAINED)

*CONSTRAINED
*CONSTRAINED_POINTS

:
, .
,
. SWFORC ASCII
.
(I10)
1

CID

(I8,3E16.0)
2

EID1

X1

Y1

Z1

0.

0.

0.

EID2

X2

Y2

Z2

0.

0.

0.

5.58 (CONSTRAINED)

10

10

LS-DYNA 960

*CONSTRAINED
(4E10.0)
4

PSF

FAILA

FAILS

FAILM

1.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

CID
Xi, Yi, Zi


, i=1, 2

EIDi

, i=1, 2

PSF

( 1.0)

FAILA


(, )

FAILS


(, )

FAILM

(,
)

LS-DYNA 960

5.59 (CONSTRAINED)

*CONSTRAINED
*CONSTRAINED_RIGID_BODIES

: . ,
, , .

PIDM

PIDS

PIDM

, . *PART

PIDS

, . *PART

.
LS-DYNA
, .
*PART_INERTIA,
. .
,
. ,
.
,
.
, , , ,
, .

5.60 (CONSTRAINED)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONSTRAINED
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$$$$ *CONSTRAINED_RIGID_BODIES
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$
35, 70, 71 72 12
$ .
$
$
, ,
$ .
$ ,
$ . (
$ , .
$ ,
$ .)
$
*CONSTRAINED_RIGID_BODIES
$...>....1....>....2....>....3....>....4....>....5....>....6....>....7....>....8
$
pidm
pids
12
35
12
70
12
71
12
72
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$

LS-DYNA 960

5.61 (CONSTRAINED)

*CONSTRAINED
*CONSTRAINED_RIGID_BODY_STOPPERS

: ()
, .
.
, .
. . . 5.19.

1

PID

LCMAX

LCMIN

PSIDMX

PSIDMN

LCVMNX

DIR

VID

TB

TD

1021

PID
LCMAX

5.62 (CONSTRAINED)

, . *PART
,
. .
*DEFINE_CURVE.
< 0: , |LCMAX|,
,
= 0: ,
> 0: LCMAX
.

LS-DYNA 960

*CONSTRAINED

LCMIN

,
. .
*DEFINE_CURVE.
< 0: , |LCMIN|,
,
= 0: ,
> 0: LCMIN
.

PSIDMX

,

. , . *SET_PART_OPTION,
COLUMN , ,
(D1 D2 . 5.19),
. ,
.
,

.
.
(0.0),
.

PSIDMN

,

. , . *SET_PART_DEFINITION,
COLUMN , ,
(D1 D2 . 5.19), .
,
.
,
.

. (0.0),
.

LCVMNX

,
, ,
. . *DEFINE_ CURVE.
= 0:

DIR

LS-DYNA 960

:
= 1: x,
= 2: y,
= 3: z,

5.63 (CONSTRAINED)

*CONSTRAINED

= 4: , VID (.
),
= 5: x,
= 6: y,
= 7: z,
= 8: , VID (. ).
VID

, .*DEFINE_VECTOR

TB

TD


.
1

D
1

D2

. 5.19.

,
, , .
1 2 ,

D1 D2 .

5.64 (CONSTRAINED)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONSTRAINED
*CONSTRAINED_RIVET

: ,
. .
.
.

1

N1

N2

TF

1.E+20

N1

N2

TF

1.

, ,
,
, .. , ,
. , , ,

2.

TF ,
.

LS-DYNA 960

5.65 (CONSTRAINED)

*CONSTRAINED
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$$$$ *CONSTRAINED_RIVET
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$ 382 88471
$
*CONSTRAINED_RIVET
$
$...>....1....>....2....>....3....>....4....>....5....>....6....>....7....>....8
$
n1
n2
tf
382
88471
0.0
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$

5.66 (CONSTRAINED)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONSTRAINED
*CONSTRAINED_SHELL_TO_SOLID

: .
.

NID

NSID

NID

NSID

, .
*SET_NODE_OPTION

-,
,
, , ,
. ( 9)
-, (. . 5.20).
,
.
( ,
) .
4- 8-
; 8-
8- .

LS-DYNA 960

5.67 (CONSTRAINED)

*CONSTRAINED

n5
n4
s1

n3
n2

s1 n3

. 5.20.

n1


s1 ,
n1-n5. , n1-n5
.

$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$$$$ *CONSTRAINED_SHELL_TO_SOLID
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$ 329 203,
$ , 329 203 .
$
$ ,
$ 203
$ , 329. :
$
$
- 119, 161, 203, 245 287 - ,
$
.
$
- .
$
-
$
, 329.
$
*CONSTRAINED_SHELL_TO_SOLID
$...>....1....>....2....>....3....>....4....>....5....>....6....>....7....>....8
$
nid
nsid
329
4
$
*SET_NODE_LIST
$
sid
4
$
nid1
nid2
nid3
nid4
nid5
nid6
nid7
nid8
119
161
203
245
287
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$

5.68 (CONSTRAINED)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONSTRAINED
*CONSTRAINED_SPOTWELD_{OPTION}


,
FILTERED_FORCE,

(. ).
: , , ,
. -
, ; ,
.
, , .. .
, , ,
*CONSTRAINED_RIVET.
. , , .

*CONSTRAINED_NODAL_RIGID_BODY. .
, ,

, . ,
, ,
MESSAG D3HSP .
: , ,
. ,
*CONSTRAINED_GENERALIZED_WELD,

*CONSTRAINED_NODAL_
RIGID_BODY. ,
.
1
1

N1

N2

SN

SS

TF

EP

1.E+20

1.E+20

LS-DYNA 960

5.69 (CONSTRAINED)

*CONSTRAINED
2. , FILTERED_FORCE.
2

NF

TW

N1

N2

SN

(. 2
)

SS

(. 2 )

(. 2
)

(. 2 )

TF

EP

NF

TW

1.

, ,
,
, .. , ,
. , , ,

.

5.70 (CONSTRAINED)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONSTRAINED

2.

,
n

fn
f

+ s 1 ,
Sn
Ss

fn fs .
fn .
3.

TF ,
.

4.

,
e pfail .
,
, .

, .
,
.
, ,
.
,
.

LS-DYNA 960

5.71 (CONSTRAINED)

*CONSTRAINED
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$$$$ *CONSTRAINED_SPOTWELD
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$ (34574 34383) ,
$ 3/8" 3 SAE.
$
*CONSTRAINED_SPOTWELD
$
$...>....1....>....2....>....3....>....4....>....5....>....6....>....7....>....8
$
n1
n2
sn
sf
n
m
tf
ps
34574
34383
36.0
18.0
2.0
2.0
10.
1.0
$
$
$
sn = 36.0
36
$
sf = 18.0
18
$
n = 2.0

$
2
$
m = 2.0
2
$
tf = 10.0
t=10,
$

$
ps = 2.0
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$

5.72 (CONSTRAINED)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONSTRAINED
*CONSTRAINED_TIE-BREAK

: ;

, .
.

SNSID

MNSID

EPPF

0.

1, 2

3, 4

SNSID

, . *SET_NODE_OPTION

MNSID

, . *SET_NODE_ OPTION

EPPF

1.

2.

3.


.
,

.
,
, .

LS-DYNA 960

5.73 (CONSTRAINED)

*CONSTRAINED

4.

-
, , .
,
, .
, .

5.74 (CONSTRAINED)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONSTRAINED
*CONSTRAINED_TIED_NODES_FAILURE

: ,
. .

1

NSID

EPPF

ETYPE

0.

1, 2, 3, 4

NSID

, . *SET_NODE_OPTION

EPPF

ETYPE

:
= 0: ,
= 1: .

1.

3- 4-
- , .
*MAT_HONEYCOMB. ,
.
,
.
.
, ,
, , .

LS-DYNA 960

5.75 (CONSTRAINED)

*CONSTRAINED

2.

,
,
.
*CONSTRAINED_TIED_NODES_FAILURE ,
. ,
, ,
.

3.

*CONSTRAINED_TIE-BREAK,
. ,
, , ,
.

4.


,
*CONSTRAINED_TIED_NODES_FAILURE,
,
NODE_TO_SURFACE CONTACT. ,
, .. ,
*CONTACT_AUTOMATIC_... ,
.

$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$$$$ *CONSTRAINED_TIED_NODES_FAILURE
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$ 101.
$ , 0.085.
$
$ .
$ ,
$ .
$
*CONSTRAINED_TIED_NODES_FAILURE
$
$...>....1....>....2....>....3....>....4....>....5....>....6....>....7....>....8
$
nsid
eppf
101
0.085
$
$
*SET_NODE_LIST
$
sid
101
$
nid1
nid2
nid3
nid4
nid5
nid6
nid7
nid8
775
778
896
897
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$

5.76 (CONSTRAINED)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONTACT

*CONTACT
*CONTACT
. :
*CONTACT_{OPTION1}_{OPTION2}_{OPTION3}_{OPTION4}
*CONTACT_ENTITY
*CONTACT_GEBOD_OPTION
*CONTACT_INTERIOR
*CONTACT_RIGID_SURFACE
*CONTACT_1D
*CONTACT_2D_OPTION1_{OPTION2}_{OPTION3}
, *CONTACT_...,
. , *CONTACT_ ENTITY,
,

. , *CONTACT_GEBOD,
(. *COMPONENT_GEBOD).
, *CONTACT_INTERIOR,
, ()
.
-. , *CONTACT_RIGID_SURFACE,
NVH (Noise,
Vibration, Harshness , , ).
, *CONTACT_1D, LS-DYNA
,
-. , *CONTACT_2D,
, ,
LS-DYNA2D.

LS-DYNA Version 960

6.1 (CONTACT)

*CONTACT
*CONTACT_{OPTION1}_{OPTION2}_{OPTION3}_{OPTION4}
: .
OPTION1 .
. ,
, 4.
:
AIRBAG_SINGLE_SURFACE
AUTOMATIC_GENERAL
AUTOMATIC_GENERAL_INTERIOR
AUTOMATIC_NODES_TO_SURFACE
AUTOMATIC_ONE_WAY_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE
AUTOMATIC_ONE_WAY_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE_TIEBREAK
AUTOMATIC_SINGLE_SURFACE
AUTOMATIC_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE
AUTOMATIC_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE_TIEBREAK
CONSTRAINT_NODES_TO_SURFACE
CONSTRAINT_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE
DRAWBEAD
ERODING_NODES_TO_SURFACE
ERODING_SINGLE_SURFACE
ERODING_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE
FORCE_TRANSDUCER_CONSTRAINT
FORCE_TRANSDUCER_PENALTY
FORMING_NODES_TO_SURFACE
FORMING_ONE_WAY_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE
FORMING_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE
NODES_TO_SURFACE
NODES_TO_SURFACE_INTERFERENCE
ONE_WAY_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE
ONE_WAY_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE_INTERFERENCE
RIGID_NODES_TO_RIGID_BODY
RIGID_BODY_ONE_WAY_TO_RIGID_BODY
RIGID_BODY_TWO_WAY_TO_RIGID_BODY
SINGLE_EDGE
SINGLE_SURFACE

6.2 (CONTACT)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*CONTACT
SLIDING_ONLY
SLIDING_ONLY_PENALTY
SPOTWELD
SPOTWELD_WITH_TORSION
SURFACE_TO_SURFACE
SURFACE_TO_SURFACE_INTERFERENCE
TIEBREAK_NODES_TO_SURFACE

TIEBREAK_NODES_ONLY
TIEBREAK_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE
TIED_NODES_TO_SURFACE
TIED_SHELL_EDGE_TO_SURFACE
TIED_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE
TIED_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE_FAILURE
OPTION2 :
THERMAL

SURFACE_TO_SURFACE.

OPTION3 ,


,
:
TITLE
OPTION4 ,
, :
OFFSET
:
TIED_NODES_TO_SURFACE,
TIED_SHELL_EDGE_TO_SURFACE

TIED_
SURFACE_TO_SURFACE. ,
, , ,
. OFFSET
.
:
1. OPTION1, OPTION2, OPTION3 OPTION4
. ,
.
2. OPTION1 .

LS-DYNA Version 960

6.3 (CONTACT)

*CONTACT

3. OPTION2, OPTION3 OPTION4 .


4. :
SURFACE_TO_SURFACE
NODES_TO_SURFACE
ONE_WAY_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE
FORMING_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE
FORMING_NODES_TO_SURFACE
FORMING_ONE_WAY_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE
AUTOMATIC_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE
AUTOMATIC_NODES_TO_SURFACE
AUTOMATIC_ONE_WAY_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE
AUTOMATIC_SINGLE_SURFACE
TIED_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE_OFFSET
TIED_NODES_TO_SURFACE_OFFSET
2D_AUTOMATIC_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE

6.4 (CONTACT)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*CONTACT



.
LS-DYNA.
:

TITLE ,
.
-

1- 3 .

4 :
*CONTACT_CONSTRAINT_type
*CONTACT_DRAWBEAD
*CONTACT_ERODING_type
*CONTACT_..._INTERFERENCE
*CONTACT_RIGID_type
*CONTACT_TIEBREAK_type
4.
,
, 4 ,
.

THERMAL ,

,
.

A
,
. ,
, .

B
,
. ,
, .
B, A (
, A).

LS-DYNA Version 960

6.5 (CONTACT)

*CONTACT
, TITLE.

CID

NAME

A70



. ,
, ..
1, - 2, ..

, , ,
.
LS-DYNA, ,
.

CID

NAME

6.6 (CONTACT)

.
.
.
.

LS-DYNA Version 960

*CONTACT
1 .
1

SSID

MSID

SSTYP

MSTYP

SBOXID

MBOXID

SPR

MPR

0=

0=

SSID

, ,
, , .
*SET_SEGMENT, *SET_NODE_OPTION, *PART, *SET_PART
*SET_SHELL_OPTION.
, .
=0:

,

.

MSID

, ,
, . *SET_SEGMENT,
*SET_NODE_OPTION, *PART, *SET_PART *SET_SHELL_OPTION:
=0: ,

.

SSTYP

.
SSID:
=0: ,
=1:
-,
=2: ,
=3: ,
=4: - ,
=5: ,
=6:
.
.

LS-DYNA Version 960

6.7 (CONTACT)

*CONTACT
1 ()

MSTYP

.
MSID:
=0: ,
=1: ,
=2: ,
=3: .

SBOXID

BOXID.

/, .
*DEFINE_BOX. ,
*PART, *SET_PART SSID.

MBOXID

BOXID.
, . *DEFINE_BOX.
, *PART, *SET_PART
MSID.

SPR

*DATABASE_NCFORC

*DATABASE_BINARY_INTFOR:
=1: .

MPR


*DATABASE_NCFORC *DATABASE _BINARY_INTFOR:
=1: .

:
1.


, .. SINGLE_SURFACE,
AUTOMATIC_, AIRBAG_ ERODING_SINGLE_ SURFACE.

2.

( AUTOMATIC_GENERAL)
FORCE_ TRANSDUCERS .

6.8 (CONTACT)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*CONTACT
2 .
2

FS

FD

DC

VC

VDC

PENCHK

BT

DT

0.

0.

0.

0.

0.

0.

1.0E20

FS

, FS
2. ,

vrel

- DC v rel
m c = FD + ( FS - FD ) e
. :
=-1: ,
*PART, FS
(-1.0).
: FS=-1.0

:
SINGLE_SURFACE,
AUTOMATIC_GENERAL,
AUTOMATIC_SINGLE_SURFACE,
AUTOMATIC_NODES_TO_
SURFACE, AUTO-MATIC_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE, AUTOMATIC_
ONE_WAY_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE ERODING_SINGLE_SURFACE.
= 2: SURFACE_TO_SURFACE ONE_WAY_
SURFACE_TO_SURFACE.
, . DEFINE_TABLE (
. FD ).
.
. .
. 6.1.

FD

. ,
vrel
- DC v
. FS=2, .
mc = FD + (FS - FD)e
rel

LS-DYNA Version 960

6.9 (CONTACT)

*CONTACT

: "TIED_SURFACE
_TO_SURFACE_ FAILURE"
FS FD
, .. , ,
2
2
max(0.0,snormal) sshear

+
-1 > 0 ,

FD
FS
s normal sshear
.
FS

FD

DC

.
,

vrel
m c = FD + ( FS - FD )e

- DC vrel

VC

.
.
Flim = V C A cont . Acont ,
. VC
s
, VC = o so
3
.

VDC


. ,
, ,

VDC
.
x=
x wd ,
100

, VDC = 20. x crit


:

LS-DYNA

x crit = 2mw; m = min ( mslave , m master ) massofmaster


resp.slavenode
w = k

PENCHK

6.10 (CONTACT)

,
mslave + m master
kinterface stiffness
mslave m master

, .

XPENE (. *CONTROL_
CONTACT), ,
.
1/20
.

-.

LS-DYNA Version 960

*CONTACT

, . 6.1.
=0:
,
=1:
,
=2:
,
.
BT

( ).

DT

( ).

LS-DYNA Version 960

6.11 (CONTACT)

*CONTACT
3 .
3

SFS

SFM

SST

MST

SFST

SFMT

FSF

VSF

1.

1.

1.

1.

1.

1.

SFS

(slave) ,
, .*CONTROL_CONTACT.

SFM

(master)
, .*CONTROL_CONTACT.

SST

(
).
.
. *CONTACT_TIED_ SST
MST (. ) ,
,
,
.

*CONTACT, C.

MST

(
).
.

. TIED .
SST .

SFST


( ).
.
.

SFMT


( ).
.
.

FSF

.
m sc = FSF m c , . .

6.12 (CONTACT)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*CONTACT

.
,
Flim = VSF VC A cont , . .

VSF

FSF VSF (. )
A3 A4 *SET_SEGMENT *SET_SHELL_OPTION
A1 A2 . .
*SET_SEGMENT *SET_SHELL_OPTION.
4 :
*CONTACT_AUTOMATIC_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE_TIEBREAK
*CONTACT_AUTOMATIC_ONE_WAY_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE_TIEBREAK
4

OPTION

NFLS

SFLS

CCRIT

OPTION

LS-DYNA Version 960

=6

:
=1: ,
, .
.
=2: ,
. .
=3: 1,
.
=4: ,
, .
=5: ,
.
,

.

.

6.13 (CONTACT)

*CONTACT

=6:
.
,
.
( ) ,
. CCRIT,
.
-.
, ,
,
max (s ,0) 2+ s

n
n
.
0.5*S*CCRIT, S

.
,

MIN ( NFLF,SFLS)
CCRIT

NFLS

OPTION=2 3, . .
OPTION=5 NFLS . .
.

SFLS

OPTION=2 3, . .
:
2

sn sS

+
1.
NFLS SFLS

OPTION=5 SFLS ,
.
CCRIT

. 6, . .

:
.
.
SOFT=2 .

6.14 (CONTACT)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*CONTACT
4 :
*CONTACT_CONSTRAINT_NODES_TO_SURFACE
*CONTACT_CONSTRAINT_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE
4

KPF

0.0

:
= 0.0:
,
= 1.0:
,
.
.
=-1.0:

,
.
.

KPF

m
p3

p2

p1
v rel
. 6.1.

m
. - FS
.

SURFACE_TO_SURFACE

ONE_WAY_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE .

LS-DYNA Version 960

6.15 (CONTACT)

*CONTACT
4
*CONTACT_DRAWBEAD
4

LCIDRF

LCIDNF

DBDTH

DFSCL

NUMINT

0.0

1.0

LCIDRF

LCIDRF ,
,
Fbending ,
d, . . 6.2.
.
.
LCIDRF ,
,

.
.
- ,
.
.

LCIDNF

,
d, . .
6.2.

.
,
.
,
, . .

DBDTH

, . . 6.2.
d .

DFSCL

. 1.0.
LCIDRF,
. .

6.16 (CONTACT)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*CONTACT

:
=0: ,
.

.
, .. .

NUMINT

:
,
.
, ,
, .
, .
(. *CONSTRAINED_
EXTRA_NODES_OPTION)

. ().
(BOXID) ,
.
.

D,D
depth
of draw bead

. 6.2.

F = F friction + Fbending


.
.

LS-DYNA Version 960

6.17 (CONTACT)

*CONTACT
4 :
*CONTACT_ERODING_NODES_TO_SURFACE
*CONTACT_ERODING_SINGLE_SURFACE
*CONTACT_ERODING_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE
4

ISYM

EROSOP

IADJ

ISYM

:
=0:
,
=1:
(,
- ).

.

EROSOP

/ :
=0:
,
=1:
,
. , ,
.

IADJ

:
=0:


,
,
=1:
,

. ,

6.18 (CONTACT)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*CONTACT
4 :
*CONTACT_NODES_TO_SURFACE_INTERFERENCE
*CONTACT_ONE_WAY_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE_INTERFERENCE
*CONTACT_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE_INTERFERENCE
,
:
, , , ,
. (
)
, .
, ,
, ,
, .
4

LCID1

LCID2

LCID1

,
.
(0, 0)
.

LCID2

,

.
, , LCID1.
LCID1=0, (0, 0)

.

:
. ,
. ,
.
, ,
, , .. ,
,
; ,
,
,
.

LS-DYNA Version 960

6.19 (CONTACT)

*CONTACT
4 :
*CONTACT_RIGID_NODES_TO_RIGID_BODY
*CONTACT_RIGID_BODY_ONE_WAY_TO_RIGID_BODY
*CONTACT_RIGID_BODY_TWO_WAY_TO_RIGID_BODY
4

LCID

FCM

US

LCID

LCID

,
RIGID_. . FCM
.

FCM

RIGID_:
=1:


(

RIGID_BODY_ONE_WAY).
=2:


( RIGID_).
=3:

(
RIGID_BODY_TWO_WAY RIGID_BODY_ONE_WAY).
=4:


.
(
RIGID_BODY_ONE_WAY).

US

6.20 (CONTACT)

RIGID_.
.

.

LS-DYNA Version 960

*CONTACT
4 :
*CONTACT_TIEBREAK_NODES_TO_SURFACE
*CONTACT_TIEBREAK_NODES_ONLY
4

NFLF

SFLF

NEN

MES

2.

2.

NFLF

.
, ..
.

SFLF

NEN

MES

. :

fn

NFLF

NEN

f
+ s
SFLF

MES

1.

, 1.
fn fs
.
:


*SET_NODE_.
NFLF SFLF.
,
(1E+10).
*CONTACT_TIEBREAK_NODES_TO_SURFACE
, - (
), *CONTACT_TIEBREAK_NODES_ONLY
.
.

LS-DYNA Version 960

6.21 (CONTACT)

*CONTACT
4 :
*CONTACT_TIEBREAK_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE
4

NFLS

SFLS

TBLCID

NFLS

. . .

SFLS

. :
2

sn ss

+
1.
NFLS SFLS
TBLCID

,
,

.
() .


A1 A2
*SET_SEGMENT *SET_SHELL_OPTION.
.
NFLF SFLF.
,
(1E+10).
( ).
.
, .
.

6.22 (CONTACT)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*CONTACT
THERMAL:
*CONTACT_..._THERMAL_...
: 4 ,
. ( 4 .
4.)

CF

FRAD

HTC

GCRIT

GMAX

CD_FACT

1.0

CF

(k)
.
l gap ,

hcond =

lgap

,
.
FRAD

LS- DYNA

lgap c

f .
( h rad ). (.
*BOUNDARY_RADIATION).
,

h = hcond + h rad .
HTC

( h cont ) .

0 l gap lmin ,

lmin GCRIT, . .

LS-DYNA Version 960

6.23 (CONTACT)

*CONTACT

,
( lmin ),
(HTC) ,
.

GCRIT

, ( lmax ).

GMAX

, ,
.
.
=0:
1.0

CD_FACT

:
h = hcont ,

h = hcond + hrad

0 l gap lmin ,

lmin lgap lmax ,

h=0, lgap > lmax .

6.24 (CONTACT)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*CONTACT
A
: 4 ,
. ( 4 .
4.)

SOFT

SOFSCL

LCIDAB

MAXPAR

EDGE

DEPTH

BSORT

FRCFRQ

.1

1.025.

0.

10-100

a13

13

SOFT

:
=0: ,
=1: ,
=2: ,
=4: FORMING.
,
, ,
.

.
,
;
,

. .
.

SOFSCL


( =.10). .5


1.0
.

LCIDAB

a13
(*CONTACT_AIRBAG_SINGLE_SURFACE).

MAXPAR


( 1.025 1.20).
. ,
1.025.
. .

LS-DYNA Version 960

6.25 (CONTACT)

*CONTACT

EDGE


(SOFT=2).
=0: ( ),
>0: .

DEPTH

. 1

. LS-DYNA
2. ,
2.
<0: , |DEPTH|,

,
.

BSORT

. 25 100
4 13 (SINGLE_SURFACE)
. 10-15 -. ,
LS-DYNA.
<0:

,
|BSORT|,

,
.

FRCFRQ


.
. ,
, 3 4, .
,
..
FRCFRG.
=0: FRCFRG 1,
- .

SOFT=1 2
,
. ,

.
SOFT=2
. SURFACE_TO_ SURFACE,
ONE_WAY_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE, SINGLE_ SURFACE.
AUTOMATIC,
. AUTOMATIC ,
.
, .
,
,
.

6.26 (CONTACT)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*CONTACT
ONE_WAY, ,
. EDGE A
, .
EDGE=0 , ,
. EDGE>0
-, EDGE=1. ,
EDGE.
, VC VSF.
A SOFT EDGE.
ISYM.

LS-DYNA Version 960

6.27 (CONTACT)

*CONTACT
B
: B,
A. ( A .).

PENMAX

THKOPT

SHLTHK

SNLOG

ISYM

I2D3D

SLDTHK

SLDSTF


3, 5, 10
3, 5, 10

PENMAX


3, 5, 8, 9 10 ,
(
) a3, 5, a10, 13, 15 26. (.
, 6.1):
=0.0 3, 5 10:
,
XPENE, . *CONTROL_ CONTACT,
=0.0 a3, a5, a10, 13 15:
0.4, 40 , ,
=0.0 26: 200-
.

THKOPT

3, 5 10:
=0: *CONTROL_CONTACT,
=1: ,
=2: ( ).

SHLTHK

, THKOPT 1.
-
-. 1 2
.

:
=0:
,
=1:
,
,
=2:

.

6.28 (CONTACT)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*CONTACT

SNLOG


.
, ,

.
=0:
( ),
=1:
(

).

ISYM

:
=0:
,
=1:
(,
- ).

. _ERODING_
4.

I2D3D

:
=0:
()
(, )
,
=1: (,
) ()
.

SLDTHK


, .
,


-. ,
,

SLDSTF, . .

SLDSTF


,
.

LS-DYNA Version 960

6.29 (CONTACT)

*CONTACT
C
: C,
A B. ( A B
).

IGAP

IGNORE

IGAP

-
,

*CONTROL_IMPLICIT_).
= 1: ,
= 2: ( )

IGNORE


*CONTACT_AUTOMATIC.
.
.
=0:

CONTROL_ CONTACT,
=1:
,
=2:

6.30 (CONTACT)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*CONTACT
*CONTACT:

1.

TIED_NODES_TO_SURFACE
TIED_SHELL_EDGE_TO_SURFACE
SPOTWELD
SPOTWELD_WITH_TORSION
TIED_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE
-
.


:
TIED_NODES_TO_SURFACE_OFFSET
TIED_SHELL_EDGE_TO_SURFACE_OFFSET
TIED_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE_OFFSET
CONSTRAINED_EXTRA_NODE_
OPTION , ..

.
,
. , , ,
, .
, d ,
:
d1 = 0.60* ( + - )
d 2 = 0.05* min ( - )
d = max (d1 , d 2 )

, ,
. ,
.
,
, d2 ,
, .
.
,
3,
d = abs (d 1 )

LS-DYNA Version 960

6.31 (CONTACT)

*CONTACT
2.


, SPOTWELD_WITH_TORSION, .
, ,
10%, .. 0.10.
*DAMPING_PART_STIFFNESS.
, .

3.

CONSTRAINT_NODES_TO_SURFACE
CONSTRAINT_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE
. ,
,
CONSTRAINT_... , ,
, ,

CONSTRAINT_;

:
SURFACE_TO_SURFACE

NODES_TO_SURFACE.

4.

AIRBAG_SINGLE_SURFACE
AUTOMATIC_GENERAL
AUTOMATIC_GENERAL_INTERIOR
AUTOMATIC_NODES_TO_SURFACE
AUTOMATIC_ONE_WAY_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE
AUTOMATIC_SINGLE_SURFACE
AUTOMATIC_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE
SINGLE_SURFACE
, ,
, . ,
.
,
,
. SHLTHK
*CONTROL_CONTACT .

5.

LS-DYNA
, . . 6.3.
.
:
AIRBAG_SINGLE_SURFACE
AUTOMATIC_GENERAL

6.32 (CONTACT)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*CONTACT

AUTOMATIC_NODES_TO_SURFACE
AUTOMATIC_ONE_WAY_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE
AUTOMATIC_SINGLE_SURFACE
AUTOMATIC_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE
FORMING_NODES_TO_SURFACE
FORMING_ONE_WAY_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE
FORMING_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE
,
.
, ,
, .
- , T ,
.
SINGLE_SURFACE
, ,
.
6.

FORCE_TRANSDUCER_PENALTY
FORCE_TRANSDUCER_CONSTRAINT
.
.
. ,
. _PENALTY
, .. CONSTRAINT TIED.
_CONSTRAINT.

7.

FORMING_...

. ()
, .
AUTOMATIC , ,

.

LS-DYNA Version 960

6.33 (CONTACT)

*CONTACT

a)

Nodal normal projection




b)
Segment based projection

. 6.3.


: .

6.34 (CONTACT)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*CONTACT

PENCHK

1, 2, 6, 7

--

--

--

3, 5, 8, 9, 10

( )

d=PENMAX, PENMAX>0
d=1.e+10, PENMAX=0

d=PENMAX, PENMAX>0
d=1.e+10, PENMAX=0

3, 5, 10 ()

--

17 18
a3, a5, a10, 13, 15

--

d=(XPENE )
d=(XPENE )

d=(0.05 )

d=(0.05 )

d=(XPENE )

d=XPENE

d=(PENMAX )
[ : PENMAX=0.5]

--

26

--

d=(PENMAX ( +
)), [ : PENMAX=0.4]
d=(0.5 )
d=(0.4 ( +
))
d=(PENMAX ),
[ : PENMAX=200.0]

d=(PENMAX ( +
)), [ : PENMAX=200.]

6.1. .

. -
(5, 5a) , , .
*CONTROL_CONTACT.

LS-DYNA Version 960

6.35 (CONTACT)

*CONTACT
92X, 93X, 94X,
95X :

a13

AIRBAG_SINGLE_SURFACE

26

AUTOMATIC_GENERAL

i26

AUTOMATIC_GENERAL_INTERIOR

a5

AUTOMATIC_NODES_TO_SURFACE

a5

AUT OMATIC_NODES_TO_SURFACE_TIEBREAK

a10

AUTOMATIC_ONE_WAY_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE

13

AUTOMATIC_SINGLE_SURFACE

a3

AUTOMATIC_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE

a3

AUTOMATIC_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE_TIEBREAK

18

CONSTRAINT_NODES_TO_SURFACE

17

CONSTRAINT_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE

23

DRAWBEAD

16

ERODING_NODES_TO_SURFACE

14

ERODING_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE

15

ERODING_SINGLE_SURFACE

27

FORCE_TRANSDUCER_CONSTRAINT

25

FORCE_TRANSDUCER_PENALTY

m5

FORMING_NODES_TO_SURFACE

m10

FORMING_ONE_WAY_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE

m3

FORMING_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE

NODES_TO_SURFACE

NODES_TO_SURFACE_INTERFERENCE

10

ONE_WAY_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE

20

RIGID_NODES_TO_RIGID_BODY

21

RIGID_BODY_ONE_WAY_TO_RIGID_BODY

19

RIGID_BODY_TWO_WAY_TO_RIGID_BODY

22

SINGLE_EDGE

SINGLE_SURFACE

SLIDING_ONLY

p1

SLIDING_ONLY_PENALTY

SURFACE_TO_SURFACE

SURFACE_TO_SURFACE_INTERFERENCE

6.36 (CONTACT)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*CONTACT

TIEBREAK_NODES_TO_SURFACE

TIEBREAK_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE

TIED_NODES_TO_SURFACE

o6

TIED_NODES_TO_SURFACE_OFFSET

TIED_SHELL_EDGE_TO_SURFACE

SPOTWELD

s7

SPOTWELD_WITH_TORSION

TIED_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE

o2

TIED_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE_OFFSET

LS-DYNA Version 960

6.37 (CONTACT)

*CONTACT

$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$$$$ *CONTACT_NODES_TO_SURFACE
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$
, 2
$ 3.
$
*CONTACT_NODES_TO_SURFACE
$
$...>....1....>....2....>....3....>....4....>....5....>....6....>....7....>....8
$
ssid
msid
sstyp
mstyp
sboxid
mboxid
spr
mpr
2
3
3
3
$
$
fs
fd
dc
vc
vdc
penchk
bt
dt
$
$

sfs

sfm

sst

mst

sfst

sfmt

fsf

vsf

$
$
sstype, mstype = 3 ,
$ ssid msid;
$
ssid = 2 2
$
msid = 3 3
$
$ .
$
$$$$ A B (
).
$
$
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$

6.38 (CONTACT)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*CONTACT
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$$$$ *CONTACT_SINGLE_SURFACE
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$ 4- : 28, 97, 88 92,
$ :
$
- 5 ,
$
- *CONTACT_SINGLE_SURFACE :
$
sstyp = 2 ssid
$
ssid = 5 5
$
$ .
$
*CONTACT_SINGLE_SURFACE
$
$...>....1....>....2....>....3....>....4....>....5....>....6....>....7....>....8
$
ssid
msid
sstyp
mstyp
sboxid
mboxid
spr
mpr
5
2
$
fs
fd
dc
vc
vdc
penchk
bt
dt
0.08
0.05
10
20
40.0
$
sfs
sfm
sst
mst
sfst
sfmt
fsf
vsf
$
$
fs = 0.08 0.08
$
fd = 0.05 0.05
$
dc = 10 ,
$

$
vdc = 20 , 20%
$
( )
$
dt = 40.0 40 (,
$
)
$
$$$$ A B (
).
$
$
*SET_PART_LIST
$
sid
5
$
pid1
pid2
pid3
pid4
28
97
88
92
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$

LS-DYNA Version 960

6.39 (CONTACT)

*CONTACT
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$$$$ *CONTACT_DRAWBEAD
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$ :
$
- 2,
$
- 2,
$
18 ,
$
- (spr, mpr = 1)
$
*CONTACT_DRAWBEAD
$
$...>....1....>....2....>....3....>....4....>....5....>....6....>....7....>....8
$
ssid
msid
sstyp
mstyp
sboxid
mboxid
spr
mpr
2
18
4
3
2
1
1
$
$
fs
fd
dc
vc
vdc
penchk
bt
dt
0.10
$
$
sfs
sfm
sst
mst
sfst
sfmt
fsf
vsf
$
$$$$ 4, ..
$
$ lcdidrf
lcidnf
dbdth
dfscl
numint
3
0.17436
2.0
$
$ lcdidrf =
3 3
$

$
dbdth = 0.17436
$
dfscl =
2.0 2 3 (lcdidrf)
$
$$$$ A B (
$
).
$
$
*DEFINE_BOX
$
boxid
xmm
xmx
ymn
ymx
zmn
zmx
2 0.000E+00 6.000E+00 6.000E+00 1.000E+02-1.000E+03 1.000E+03
$
*SET_NODE_LIST
$
sid
da1
da2
da3
da4
2
$
nid1
nid2
nid3
nid4
nid5
nid6
nid7
2580
2581
2582
2583
2584
2585
2586
2588
2589
2590
$
*DEFINE_CURVE
$
lcid
sidr
scla
sclo
offa
offo
3
$
a
o
$
DEPTH
FORC/LGTH
0.000E+00
0.000E+00
1.200E-01
1.300E+02
1.500E-01
2.000E+02
1.800E-01
5.000E+02

6.40 (CONTACT)

nid8
2587

LS-DYNA Version 960

*CONTACT
*CONTACT_ENTITY

: .
,

.
.
.
, .

. ,
, .
.
: , ,

.
*PART_INERTIA .
5 ,
1
1

PID

GEOTYP

SSID

SSTYP

SF

DF

CF

INTORD

1.

0.

0.

PID

GEOTYP

LS-DYNA Version 960

,
, . *PART
:
=1:
,
=2:
,
=3:
,
=4:
,
=5:
,
=6:
,
CAL3D/MADYMO, . F,
=7:
,
CAL3D/MADYMO, . F,
=8:
, VDA,
. I,
=9:
- (
),

6.41 (CONTACT)

*CONTACT

=10: ,
=11: ,
.
SSID

SSTYP

, . *SET_NODE_OPTION, *PART
*SET_PART.
:
=0:
,
=1:
,
=2:
.

SF

.
.

DF

, . *CONTACT_OPTION:
=.0: ,
>.0: , .. 20
20% ,
=-n: , |n| -
,
(.
1 ).

CF

. .

INTORD

( ).
8 9,
.
=0:
,
=1:
1 ,
=2:
22,
=3:
33,
=4:
44,
=5:
55,

() .
.

1.

,
,
.
,
,
. ,
.

6.42 (CONTACT)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*CONTACT

2
2

BT

DT

SO

GO

0.

1.E+20

BT

DT

SO

-
-.
=0:
,
=1:
-,
=-n:

,
|n|,

GO

- 1-5 10-11.
.
=0:
,
=1:
.

LS-DYNA Version 960

6.43 (CONTACT)

*CONTACT
3 4
3

XC

YC

ZC

AX

AY

AZ

0.

0.

0.

0.

0.

BX

BY

BZ

0.

0.

0.

XC

xc, .

YC

yc, .

ZC

zc,. .

AX

Ax, .

AY

Ay, .

AZ

Az, .

BX

Bx, .

BY

By, .

BZ

Bz, .

6.44 (CONTACT)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*CONTACT
:

1.

(xc, yc, zc),


.
(Ax, Ay, Az), B
(Bx, By, Bz).

2.

3 4 .


. ,
.. . ,
,
: (xc, yc, zc)=(0, 0, 0), (Ax, Ay, Az)=(1, 0,
0) (Bx, By, Bz)=(0, 1, 0).

LS-DYNA Version 960

6.45 (CONTACT)

*CONTACT
5
5

INOUT

G1

G2

G3

G4

G5

G6

G7

0.

0.

0.

0.

0.

0.

0.

INOUT

- /.
( ) .
=0:

,
=1:

.

G1

g1 (CAL3D/MADYMO
) (. F)

G2

g2, .

G3

g3, .

G4

g4, .

G5

g5, .

G6

g6, .

G7

g7, .

6.4a 6.4b .
, . 6.4a
6.4b, ( , (Px,Py,Pz)
, (Qx,Qy,Qz) - ):
GEOTYP = 1: g1 = Px

g4 = Qx

g2 = Py

g5 = Qy

g3 = Pz

g6 = Qz
g7 = L

6.46 (CONTACT)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*CONTACT


L. , g7 .
GEOTYP = 2: g1 = Px

g4 = r

g2 = Py
g3 = Pz
GEOTYP = 3: g1 = Px

g4 = Qx

g2 = Py

g5 = Qy

g3 = Pz

g6 = Qz
g7 = r


Qx 2 + Qy 2 + Qz 2 r.
GEOTYP = 4: g1 = Px

g4 = a

g2 = Py

g5 = b

g3 = Pz

g6 = c
g7 = n ( )

GEOTYP = 5: g1=
g2 = r
g3 =
g4 =
GEOTYP = 8: g1 = (
)
g2 = ()
g3 = ,
()
GEOTYP = 9: g1 = (
).
: ,
.
g2 = ()
g3 = ,
().
GEOTYP =10: g1 = X.
g2 = Y.

LS-DYNA Version 960

6.47 (CONTACT)

*CONTACT
GEOTYP=11: g1 = , Z

g2 =
=0: 10
g3 =
=0: 20
=-1:
g4 = ,
=0: 1000
r
Q

Z
Y
r
P

r
r
P
X

IGTYPE= 1: Infinite
Plane

IGTYPE= 2: Sphere

Z
c

r
P

r
P

r
Q

a
r

X
n

X
Y
Z
+ + =1
a
b
c
IGTYPE= 3: Infinite
Cylinder

IGTYPE= 4: Hyperellipsoid

. 6.4a. .

6.48 (CONTACT)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*CONTACT

Z
Y
g2

X
r
r
P

X
g1

IGTYPE= 5: Torus

IGTYPE= 10: Finite


Plane

Z - axis
of
symmetry

r
P

Load
Curve

X
Y
IGTYPE= 11:Load
Curve

. 6.4b. .

LS-DYNA Version 960

6.49 (CONTACT)

*CONTACT
*CONTACT_GEBOD_OPTION

: GEBOD
- . .
,
*DATABASE_GCEOUT. . *COMPONENT_GEBOD
.
*CONTACT_OPTION
( -, - ..).
,
LS-DYNA.
, ,
. HAND , ..
.
LOWER_TORSO
MIDDLE_TORSO
UPPER_TORSO
NECK
HEAD
LEFT_SHOULDER
RIGHT_SHOULDER
LEFT_UPPER_ARM
RIGHT_UPPER_ARM
LEFT_LOWER_ARM
RIGHT_LOWER_ARM
LEFT_HAND
RIGHT_HAND
LEFT_UPPER_LEG
RIGHT_UPPER_LEG
LEFT_LOWER_LEG
RIGHT_LOWER_LEG
LEFT_FOOT
RIGHT_FOOT

6.50 (CONTACT)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*CONTACT

1
1

DID

SSID

SSTYP

SF

DF

CF

INTORD

1.

20.

0.5

DID

, *COMPONENT_GEBOD_OPTION

SSID

, . *SET_NODE_OPTION, *PART
*SET_PART

SSTYP

:
=0:
,
=1:
,
=2:
.

SF

DF

, . *CONTACT_OPTION:
=.0: ,
>.0: , .. 20
20- ,
=-n: , |n|,
,

(. 1 ).

CF

(. 2). .

INTORD

LS-DYNA Version 960

( ).
=0:
,
=1:
,
=2:
22,
=3:
33,
=4:
44,
=5:
55.

() .
.

6.51 (CONTACT)

*CONTACT
2
2

BT

DT

SO

0.

1.E+20

BT

DT

SO

-
-.
=0:
,
=1:
-,
=-n: , |n|,

.

1.

,
,
.
,
,
. ,
.

2.


,
,
,
.

6.52 (CONTACT)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*CONTACT

*ONTACT_INTERIOR

: - .
, ,
, ,
. ,


, .
, ()
,
. .

1

PSID

PSID

, ,
.

:
1: PSF ( 1.00).
2: Fa ( 0.10).
, Fa,
.
3: ED .
:

:
K=

2
3

SLSFAC PSF Volume E


,
Min. Thickness

SLSFAC , *CONTROL_CONTACT, Volume


-, E - , Min. Thickness -

LS-DYNA Version 960

6.53 (CONTACT)

*CONTACT
. ED (. ),
:
2

Volume 3 ED
.
K=
Min. Thickness

SLSFAC . ED

.
, ..
.
.

6.54 (CONTACT)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*CONTACT

*CONTACT_RIGID_SURFACE

: .
, ,
, ,
. ,
, ,
. , ,
*NODE_RIGID_SURFACE.
.

1

CID

PSID

BOXID

SEGID

FS

FD

DC

VC

0.

0.

0.

0.

LCIDX

LCIDY

LCIDZ

FSLCID

FDLCID

SFS

STTHK

SFTHK

XPENE

BSORT

1.0

0.0

1.0

4.0

10

LS-DYNA Version 960

6.55 (CONTACT)

*CONTACT

CID

.
.

PSID

,
. . *SET_PART.

BOXID

,
, . *DEFINE_BOX,.
BOXID , PSID
.

SSID

, . .
*SET_SEGMENT.

FS

vrel .
- DC v

rel
mc = FD + (FS - FD)e
. FSLCID (. ) ,
FS
.

FD

.
vrel .

mc = FD+ (FS - FD)e

- DC vrel

. FDLCID (. ),
FD .
DC

.

vrel
mc = FD+ (FS- FD)e

-DC vrel

VC

.
.
Flim = VC A cont . Acont - ,
. VC
s
VC = o , so -
3
.

LCIDX

, x.
, x .

LCIDY

, y.
, y .

LCIDZ

, z.
, z .

6.56 (CONTACT)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*CONTACT

FSLCID

,
.
.

FDLCID

,
.
.

SFS

, ,
, . *CONTROL_CONTACT.

STTHK

(
).
, .
.
, .

SFTHK

( ).
.
.

XPENE


.
XPENE

, .
=0:
4.0.

BSORT

.
10, , , 50-100,
.

.
,
, .
,
10 ,
. 50-200 .
(D3PLOT)
, .
:
NPDS
NRSC

=
=

NSID

LS-DYNA Version 960

.
,
.
.

6.57 (CONTACT)

*CONTACT
NVELQ =

PIDS

XC


. (6 x NSID),
,
.
, NPDS.
.
, (3 x NPDS).
x, y z .

NSID.
ID
NS
IXRS

=
=
=

.
.
, (4 x NS).
.

(6 x NVELQ) .
x, y z.
, .
, NVELQ=0. LS-POST
.

6.58 (CONTACT)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*CONTACT
*CONTACT_1D

: .

1

NSIDS

NSIDM

ERR

SIGC

GB

SMAX

EXP

0.

0.

0.

0.

0.

NSIDS

(slave) , . *SET_NODE

NSIDM

(master) , . *SET_NODE

ERR

SIGC

GB
SMAX
EXP

, ,
. ,
, ,
.
.
, .
:

u max = SMAX e

- EXP D

D - Dn+1 = Dn + Du . , As,
n+1 :
f n+1 = min ( fn - GB As Du, GB As u max ).

LS-DYNA Version 960

6.59 (CONTACT)

*CONTACT
*CONTACT_2D_OPTION1_{OPTION2}_{OPTION3}

: .

, -
, . *SECTION_ SHELL.
OPTION1 .
(.. ):
SLIDING_ONLY
TIED_SLIDING
SLIDING_VOIDS

.
,
, .
:
PENALTY_FRICTION
PENALTY
AUTOMATIC_SINGLE_SURFACE
AUTOMATIC_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE
AUTOMATIC_NODE_TO_SURFACE
AUTOMATIC_SURFACE_IN_CONTINUUM

OPTION2 :
THERMAL


AUTOMATIC:
SINGLE_SURFACE, SURFACE_TO_SURFACE NODE_ TO_SURFACE.
OPTION3 ,
:
TITLE
: OPTION2 OPTION3 .

LS-DYNA
, .
,
LS-DYNA .

AUTOMATIC_SURFACE_ TO_SURFACE,
. 940 SINGLE_SURFACE .

6.60 (CONTACT)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*CONTACT
, TITLE.

CID

A70

AUTOMATIC.
1
1

SSID

MSID

THETA2

TOL_IG

PEN

2
2

EXT_PAS THETA1

0.001

0.1

LS-DYNA Version 960

6.61 (CONTACT)

*CONTACT
PENALTY_FRICTION
3

FRIC

FRIC_L

FRIC_H

FRIC_S

SSID

, .
*SET_NODE.
.

MSID

, . *SET_NODE

EXT_PAS


=0
,
=1
.

THETA1

( )
.
=0

.

THETA2

( )
.
=0

.

TOL_IG

.
=0.0 0.001

PEN


=0.0 0.10

FRIC

FRIC_L

FRIC_H

FRIC_S

6.62 (CONTACT)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*CONTACT

AUTOMATIC.
1

PSIDS

PSIDM

SFACT

FREQ

FS

FD

DC

MEMBS

1.0

50

0.

0.

0.

1,2

1,2

SOS

SOM

NDS

NDM

IPF/COF

INIT

TBIRTH TDEATH

0.

1.e20

1.0

1.0

THERMAL , ..:
*CONTACT_AUTOMATIC_..._THERMAL_.....

CF

FRAD

HTC

GCRIT

GMAX

CD_FACT

1.0

LS-DYNA Version 960

6.63 (CONTACT)

*CONTACT

PSIDS

, , .
*SET_PART

PSIDM

, , .
*SET_PART. ,

SFACT

FREQ

=0:
50.

FS

. ,
vrel
: m c = FD + ( FS - FD ) e - DC1v rel .
1

FD

. ,
vrel
- DC vrel
.
mc = FD + (FS - FD)e

DC


. ,

vrel
- DC v rel
. m c = FD + ( FS - FD ) e
.

MEMBS

TBIRTH

TDEATH

SOS



=0.0:
1,
>0.0:
,
<0.0:
.

SOM


.
=0:
1,
>0:
,
<0:
.

NDS

-

.
=0:
,
=1:
,
=-1: .

6.64 (CONTACT)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*CONTACT

NDM

-

.
=0:
,
=1:
,
=-1: .

IPF

- .
=0:
,
=1:
.

COF

- / .
=0:
,
,
=1:
, ,
.

INIT


=0:
,
=1:
.

CF

( k )

.

lgap ,

k
.
h cond =
lgap
, LS- DYNA l gap
.

FRAD

f


( hrad ) (. *BOUNDARY_RADIATION).


,

h = hcond + hrad .

HTC

( hcont )
,

0 l gap lmin ,

l min - GCRIT, .
GCRIT

GMAX

LS-DYNA Version 960

( lmin ),
(HTC) ,
.
( lmax ), .

6.65 (CONTACT)

*CONTACT

CD_FACT

,
.
.
=.0: 1.0

1 - 9 2D_AUTOMATIC.
1.

AUTOMATIC_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE, AUTOMATIC_
SINGLE_SURFACE AUTOMATIC_NODE_TO_SURFACE

.
.
. ,
. ,
, .

2.

AUTOMATIC_SURFACE_IN_CONTINUUM
( )
.
.
.

. ,
.

3.

AUTOMATIC_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE AUTOMATIC_NODE_
TO_SURFACE

.
SOS SOM.
,
,
NDS NDM.
AUTOMATIC_SURFACE_IN_CONTINUUM
.

4.


AUTOMATIC_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE
AUTOMATIC_NODE_TO_SURFACE.
NDS NDM,

.

5.

SURFACE_IN_CONTINUUM
.
NDM 1, .

6.66 (CONTACT)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*CONTACT

AUTOMATIC_SURFACE_IN_CONTINUUM
,
,
.
ALE, .. .
,
ALE,
. , ALE,

.
.

2D_AUTOMATIC
.
.

8.

9.

*CONTACT_ AUTOMATIC_..._THERMAL_... :
h = hcont , 0 l gap lmin ,
h = hcond + hrad

h = 0 ,

lmin lgap lmax

lgap > lmax .

SLIDING_ONLY, TIED_SLIDING, SLIDING_ VOIDS,


PENALTY_FRICTION PENALTY. LSDYNA2D, DYNA2D
. ,
AUTOMATIC, TIED, .
, .
, .
, ,
, , , .

.
,
:

, ,
.

-
- .
.

,
.

LS-DYNA Version 960

6.67 (CONTACT)

*CONTACT
, PENALTY PENALTY_FRICTION,
.


,
.

,
90. ,
. . 6.5.
,
. .

,
, . ,

.

,
-
. 6.6 6.7
.
s1

s15

s2

s16

m1
m2

m9
m10

s17

m15

s18
m3

m11

m4

m12

m5

s10
s11 s14

m6

m7

m13

s23
s24
m8

.
s1
s2
.
.
.
s11
. 6.5.

:
1 m15
Master
surface
- nodes m1 -mm
15

:
S1 S24
Slave surface - nodes s1 - s24

m14

m1
m2
.
.
.
m6

.
s11
s12
.
.
.
s14
s24

m6
m7
m8
m14

.
s24
s23
.
.
.
s15

m14
m13
.
.
.
m9
m15

,
, ( ,

)

6.68 (CONTACT)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*CONTACT


,
m0
Better1
This:
is the extension
if node
m0 is

included in the master surface definition.


:

Poor1
This extension
may
with slave

S1interfere
, S2

nodes s1 to s2 and lead to erroneous results.

m0

s1
s2
s3

Denotes
slide-line

extension

. 6.6.

, DYNA
( ,
,
).

LS-DYNA Version 960

6.69 (CONTACT)

*CONTACT



Without
extension
,
and
with improper

definition of

slide-lines,
slave


nodes move down
inner
and outer

walls as shown.
Master

surface

With extension and proper

slide-line
definition,
elements

behave
properly.

Slide-line

extension


Slide-lines
(arrows point to master slides).

( )

. 6.7

6.70 (CONTACT)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*CONTROL

*CONTROL

, ,
, ;
*CONTROL_TERMINATION .
. ,
.
:
*CONTROL_ACCURACY
*CONTROL_ADAPSTEP
*CONTROL_ADAPTIVE
*CONTROL_ALE
*CONTROL_BULK_VISCOSITY
*CONTROL_CFD_AUTO
*CONTROL_CFD_GENERAL
*CONTROL_CFD_MOMENTUM
*CONTROL_CFD_PRESSURE
*CONTROL_CFD_TRANSPORT
*CONTROL_CFD_TURBULENCE
*CONTROL_COARSEN
*CONTROL_CONTACT
*CONTROL_COUPLING
*CONTROL_CPU
*CONTROL_DYNAMIC_RELAXATION
*CONTROL_ENERGY
*CONTROL_EXPLOSIVE_SHADOW
*CONTROL_HOURGLASS_{OPTION}
*CONTROL_IMPLICIT_AUTO
*CONTROL_IMPLICIT_DYNAMICS
*CONTROL_IMPLICIT_EIGENVALUE
*CONTROL_IMPLICIT_GENERAL
*CONTROL_IMPLICIT_SOLUTION
*CONTROL_IMPLICIT_SOLVER
*CONTROL_IMPLICIT_STABILIZATION
*CONTROL_OUTPUT
*CONTROL_PARALLEL
*CONTROL_RIGID
*CONTROL_SHELL

LS-DYNA 960

7.1 (CONTROL)

*CONTROL
*CONTROL_SOLID
*CONTROL_SOLUTION
*CONTROL_SPH
*CONTROL_STRUCTURED_{OPTION}
*CONTROL_SUBCYCLE
*CONTROL_TERMINATION
*CONTROL_THERMAL_NONLINEAR
*CONTROL_THERMAL_SOLVER
*CONTROL_THERMAL_TIMESTEP
*CONTROL_TIMESTEP
LS-DYNA
.

*CONTROL_IMPLICIT_GENERAL. ,

*INTERFACE_SPRINGBACK_SEAMLESS.

, ,
.
.
.
, .
:
*CONTROL_IMPLICIT_GENERAL
, .
*CONTROL_IMPLICIT_SOLVER

[K]{x}={f}.
*CONTROL_IMPLICIT_SOLUTION
,
.
*CONTROL_IMPLICIT_AUTO
.
*CONTROL_IMPLICIT_DYNAMICS

.
*CONTROL_IMPLICIT_EIGENVALUE
.
*CONTROL_IMPLICIT_STABILIZATION

.

7.2 (CONTROL)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONTROL
*CONTROL_ACCURACY
: , .

OSU

INN

PIDOSU

0 (.)

1 (.)

OSU

- (. 1
). ,
, ,
, .

21-30 .
=0:
( )
=1:

INN

(.
2 )
=1:
( )
=2:

PIDOSU

.
,
; OSU
.

:
1.

.
, , , ,
,
,
.
,

,

LS-DYNA 960

7.3 (CONTROL)

*CONTROL
, .
, -
(S/R),

,
(, , 15),
: , - , --, S/R -
16.
2.


.

1 2 .
,
.
, 90 . (<5%),
. -,
; -,

; , ,

.

7.4 (CONTROL)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONTROL
*CONTROL_ADAPSTEP
:
.

1

FACTIN

DFACTR

1.0

0.01

FACTIN


. ,
FACTIN=1.0.
, FACTIN=1.0, ..
.
0.10.

DFACTR

FACTIN
. FACTIN .
0.01.

:
1.

,
, : *CONTACT_FORMING_...,
*CONTACT_NODES_TO_SURFACE,
*CONTACT_SURFACE_TO_SUR-FACE,

*CONTACT_ONE_WAY_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE.

LS-DYNA 960

7.5 (CONTROL)

*CONTROL
*CONTROL_ADAPTIVE
: . ,
, *PART. . .

1

ADPFREQ

ADPTOL

ADPOPT

MAXLVL

TBIRTH

TDEATH

LCADP

IOFLAG

0.0

10

20

10

20

( ).
2

ADPSIZE

ADPASS

IREFLG

ADPENE

ADPTH

MEMORY

ORIENT

MAXEL

0.0

10

20

ADPFREQ

, . .
7.1.

ADPTOL

( ) ADPOPT (. ),
1 2. ADPOPT
8, ADPTOL
.

ADPOPT

:
=1:


,

7.6 (CONTROL)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONTROL

=2:

. ,
adptol=5 , ,
5 .
10 ,
.
=7:
r-
.
13, .
,
.
,
*CONTROL_REMESHING.
,
.
=8:
r-
,
. ,


.
ADPTOL, .. .
[53].
MAXLVL

. 1, 2, 3, 4,
1, 4, 16, 64,...
.

TBIRTH

, , .
. 7.1.

TDEATH

, ,
. . 7.1.

LCADP

,
, LCADP.
, ADPFREQ.
x , y
.

IOFLAG

-
*NODE, *ELEMENT, *SHELL *BOUNDARY_,
*CONTACT_NODE_

*CON-STRAINED_ADAPTIVITY,

adapt.msh.
=1: .

LS-DYNA 960

7.7 (CONTROL)

*CONTROL

ADPSIZE

,
. , .

ADPASS

-
:
=0: , . . 7.1a,
=1: , . . 7.1b.

IREFLG

. 1, 2, 3, ...
4, 16, 64,...
.

ADPENE

,
,
ADPENE ()
() .

. ADPENE
, .
, , ADPASS 1,
.

ADPTH

,
. ,
. ,
ADPTOL .
, ADPTOL
.

MEMORY

- ,
. setenv
LSTC_MEMORY auto ,
LS-DYNA.
,
100% ;
. ,
,
env.
,
MEMORY ,
,
, .
, ..

, ,
(100 PERCENT), .

7.8 (CONTROL)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONTROL

,
MEMORY ,
.
ORIENT

FORMING.
- (1),

.

(0), LS-DYNA
,
.
,
, .
, .

MAXEL

, .

:
1.

D3DUMP RUNRSF ,
. 936 LS-DYNA.

2.

2 , .

3.

, - ADPOPT=1
*PART.
.

4.

, B
*CONTACT SNLOG=1.
*CONTACT_FORMING_.

5.

adapt.rid.
, ,
, .

LS-DYNA 960

7.9 (CONTROL)

*CONTROL

(a)

time

output periods

0
endtime
tdeath
tbirth

adpfreq adpfreq

adpass=0
With
adpass=0 the .
calculation is

repeated after adaptive remeshing.

(b)

time

output periods

0
endtime
tdeath
tbirth

. 7.1.

adpfreq adpfreq

With
adpass=1
calculation

adpass=1the
is not

repeated
after adaptive
remeshing.

tbirth .
adpfreq . ADPASS=0,
.
tbirth+2 adpfreq,
. ,
tbirth+adpfreq, , tbirth+3 adpfreq,
.. ADPASS=1, ,
thirth+adpfreq, , .
, , .
ADPASS=0,
.

7.10 (CONTROL)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONTROL
*CONTROL_ALE
:

*ALE_MULTI-MATERIAL_GROUP,
*ALE_SMOOTHING,
*INITIAL_VOID_OPTION

*SECTION_SOLID_ALE.

1

DCT

NADV

METH

AFAC

BFAC

CFAC

DFAC

EFAC

START

END

AAFAC

VFACT

VLIMIT

EBC

1. 0E+20

1.0E-06

0.0

DCT

:
=1:
( ),
=2:
,
=3:
-,
=4:
.

NADV

METH

:
=1:
+ HIS ( ),
=2:
+ HIS ( ).

LS-DYNA 960

7.11 (CONTROL)

*CONTROL

AFAC

ALE
=-1: .

BFAC

ALE

CFAC

ALE

DFAC

ALE

EFAC

ALE

START
END

ALE
ALE

AAFAC

ALE ( ,
1.0)

VFACT


.
VFACT.
=0.0: 1.0E-06.

VLIMIT

. ,
.

EBC


=0
,
=1
,
=2
.
, ALE EULER,
.
ALE
. ,
, , , ,
2.
,
. EBC=1
ALE .

7.12 (CONTROL)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONTROL
*CONTROL_BULK_VISCOSITY
:
,
.
.
. q ,
, .
,
,
.

Q1

Q2

TYPE

1.5

.06

Q1

Q2

,
, IBQ ( =1)
= -1: ( 2, 10 16
),
=+1: .

TYPE

:
,
:
2
q = r l Q 1 l e& kk
- Q 2 a e& k k if e& k k < 0

q = 0 if e&

,
Q 1
2 - ,
1.5 0.06 , l ,
,
a - , Q 1 - 1.5 Q 2 - 0.06. .
18 .
kk

LS-DYNA 960

7.13 (CONTROL)

*CONTROL
*CONTROL_CFD_AUTO
:
-. *CONTROL_CFD_GENERAL
.

1

IAUTO

EPSDT

DTSF

DTMAX

1.0e-3

1.25

IAUTO

:
=0:
IAUTO=1 ,
=1:
, DTINIT .
*CONTROL_CFD_GENERAL ( ),
=2:
, CFL
INSOL=3/1 - . *CONTROL_CFD_GENERAL,
=3:

- .

EPSDT


=0:
EPSDT=1.0e-3 ( ).

DTSF

,
.
,
.
=0: DTSF=1.25 ( ).

DTMAX

. ,
IAUTO=3.
=0: 10*DTINIT ( ).

7.14 (CONTROL)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONTROL
:
1.

LS-DYNA
.
. IAUTO=1
. IAUTO=2
CFL (. *CONTROL_CFD_GENERAL) (INSOL=1)
(INSOL=3) . IAUTO=2 ICKDT
,
. -
, .. INSOL=3 IADVEC=40.

2.

IAUTO=3 DTMAX
10 DTINIT.

LS-DYNA 960

7.15 (CONTROL)

*CONTROL
*CONTROL_CFD_GENERAL
: -.
*CONTROL_CFD_OPTION, OPTION = MOMENTUM, TRANSPORT PRESSURE,

.
*MAT_CFD_OPTION,
*CONTROL_CFD_TURBULENCE.

1

INSOL

DTINIT

CFL

ICKDT

IACURC

0.9 (2.0)

10

INSOL

:
=0:
INSOL=3 ( ).
=1:
, , ,
=3:
,
, -,
-.

DTINIT

-
.
CFL (INSOL=3)
(INSOL=1), ICKDT<0 IAUTO=3
*CONTROL_CFD_AUTO.

CFL

,
.
=0:
CFL=0.9 ( INSOL=1), CFL=2.0 (
INSOL=3).

7.16 (CONTROL)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONTROL

ICKDT


CFL. ICKDT<0
CFL,
. ICKDT>0
CFL
.
CFL grid.
=0:
ICKDT=10 ( ).

IACURC


. -
/
.
=0:
(
),
=1:

/ .

:
1.

LS-DYNA
. INSOL *CONTROL_CFD _GENERAL

. INSOL.
INSOL=1 ,
. IMASS,
THETAK, THETAB, THETAA THETAF,
*CONTROL_CFD_MOMENTUM, . INSOL=3
, .

2.

/ INSOL=3.

LS-DYNA 960

7.17 (CONTROL)

*CONTROL
*CONTROL_CFD_MOMENTUM
: ,
- . 1
. 2
,
.

1

IMASS

IADVEC

IFCT

DIVU

THETAK

THETAA

THETAF

10

1.0e-5

0.5

0.5

0.5

MSOL

MAXIT

ICHKIT

IWRT

IHIST

EPS

IHG

EHG

20

100

1.0e-5

1.0

IMASS

7.18 (CONTROL)

:
=0:
IMASS=1 ( ),
=1:
,
=2:
,
=3:
.

LS-DYNA 960

*CONTROL

IADVEC



(BTD) :
=0:
IADVEC=10 BTD (
),
=-1: IADVEC=0 BTD,
=10: BTD,
=40: .

IFCT

:
=0:
IFCT=1 ( ),
=1:
,
=-1: .

DIVU

, ..
u RMS e .
,
,
.
=0:
DIVU=1.0e-5 ( ).

THETAK


/. 0 q K 1
q K = 1 2 .
=0:
THETAK=0.5 ( ).

THETAA

THETAF


. 0 q F 1 q F = 1 2
.
=0:
THETAF=0.5 ( ).

MSOL

.
=0:
MSOL=20 ( ),
=20: ,
=30: (
, IADVEC=40).

MAXIT

.
=0:
MAXIT=100 ( ).

ICHKIT


.
=0:
ICHKIT=2 ( ).

LS-DYNA 960

7.19 (CONTROL)

*CONTROL

IWRT

.
=0:
( ),
=1:
.

IHIST

.
: velx.his, vely.his velz.his.
=0:
( ),
=1:
.

EPS

.
=0:
EPS=1.0e-5 ( ).

IHG


, .
(INSOL=1).
=0:
IHG=1 ( ),
=1:

CFD LS-DYNA,
=2: g - .

EHG

(. IHG ).
=0: EHG=1.0 ( ).

:
1.

IMASS

*CONTROL_CFD_GENERAL INSOL2

2.


. ( .)

3.

4.

DIVU ,
, INSOL=1.
DIVU, ,
.

5.


, *CONTROL_CFD_GENERAL INSOL 2

6.

MSOL *CONTROL_CFD_TRANSPORT,
*CONTROL_CFD_GENERAL INSOL 2.

7.20 (CONTROL)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONTROL
*CONTROL_CFD_PRESSURE
: ,
-.

IPSOL

MAXIT

ICHKIT

IWRT

IHIST

EPS

22

200

1.0e-5

NVEC

ISTAB

BETA

SID

PLEV

LCID

0.05

0.0

IPSOL

LS-DYNA 960

-:
=0:
IPSOL=22 , IPSOL=21
MPP ( ).
=10: ,
=11: PVS,
=20: ,
=21: SSOR,
=22: SSOR
.

7.21 (CONTROL)

*CONTROL

MAXIT

.
=0:
MAXIT=200 ( ).

ICHKIT

.
=0:
ICHKIT=5 ( ).

IWRT

:
=0:
( ),
=1:

(: -
-
lprint.)

IHIST

. ASCII
ppe.his.
=0:
( ),
=1:
.

EPS

.
=0: EPS=1.0e-5 ( ).

NVEC

A-
.
=0:
NVEC=5 ( ),
<0:
A- .

ISTAB

.
=0:
ISTAB=1 ( ),
=1:
,
=2:
,
=-1: .

BETA

ISTAB=1, 2.
0 b 1 .
=0:
BETA=0.05 ( ).

SID

PLEV

7.22 (CONTROL)

(.
SET_SOLID/SET_SHELL_OPTION),
.
.
, LCID.
=0:
PLEV=0.0 ( ).

LS-DYNA 960

*CONTROL

LCID

LS-DYNA 960

,
. LCID=0,
,
PLEV.
=0: LCID=0 ( ).

7.23 (CONTROL)

*CONTROL
*CONTROL_CFD_TRANSPORT
:
,
. 1
, 2 - ,
. 3 ,

.

1

ITEMP

NSPEC

IMASS

IADVEC

IFCT

THETAK

THETAA

THETAF

10

0.5

0.5

0.5

7.24 (CONTROL)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONTROL

ITSOL

MAXIT

ICHKIT

IWRT

IHIST

EPS

IHG

EHG

20

100

1.0e-5

1.0

ITEMP

:
=0:
( ),
=1:
.

NSPEC

,
NSPEC:
=0:
( ),
=NSPEC:
, NSPEC.
10-
( 0 NSPEC 10 ).

IMASS

:
=0:
IMASS=1 ( ),
=1:
,
=2:
,
=3:
.

IADVEC


(BTD) :
=0:
IADVEC=10 BTD (
),
=-1: IADVEC=0 BTD,
=10: BTD,
=40: .

IFCT

:
=0:
IFCT=1 ( ),
=1:
,
=-1: .

LS-DYNA 960

7.25 (CONTROL)

*CONTROL

THETAK


/. 0 q K 1
q K = 1 2 .
=0:
THETAK=0.5 ( ).

THETAA

THETAF


. 0 q F 1 q F = 1 2
.
=0:
THETAF=0.5 ( ).

ITSOL

:
=0:
ITSOL=20 ( ),
=20: ,
=30: (
, IADVEC=40).

MAXIT

:
=0:
MAXIT=100 ( ).

ICHKIT


.
=0:
ICHKIT=2 ( ).

IWRT

:
=0:
( ),
=1:
.

IHIST

:
=0:
( ),
=1:
.

EPS

:
=0:
EPS=1.0e-5 ( ).

IHG


, .
(INSOL=1).
=0:
IHG=1 ( ),
=1:

CFD LS-DYNA,
=2:
g - .

7.26 (CONTROL)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONTROL

EHG

(. IHG ).
=0:
EHG=1.0 ( ).

:
1.

IMASS ,
*CONTROL_CFD_GENERAL INSOL2.

2.


. ( .)

3.

4.


, *CONTROL_CFD_GENERAL INSOL 2.

5.

ITSOL *CONTROL_CFD_TRANSPORT,
*CONTROL_CFD_GENERAL INSOL 2.

LS-DYNA 960

7.27 (CONTROL)

*CONTROL
*CONTROL_CFD_TURBULENCE
: ,
.

1

ITRB

SMAGC

0.1

ITRB

:
=0:
( ),
=1:
LES ,
=101: -.

:
1.

- Cs = 0.1.

7.28 (CONTROL)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONTROL
*CONTROL_COARSEN

:
.
.

1

ICOARSE

ANGLE

NSEED

N1

N2

N3

N4

N5

N6

N7

N8

ICOARSE

- :
=0:
( ),
=1:

ANGLE

( )
. ,
ANGLE, . (
8.0 .)

NSEED

().
=0:
,
=n:
( 8-),
.

LS-DYNA 960

7.29 (CONTROL)

*CONTROL

N1...N8

1.

.
.

*INTERFACE_SPRINGBACK_DYNA3D.

2.

,
.
.
, ,
.

3.

*DEFINE_BOX_COARSEN
, .

7.30 (CONTROL)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONTROL
*CONTROL_CONTACT

: ,
.

1

SLSFAC

RWPNAL

ISLCHK

SHLTHK

PENOPT

THKCHG

ORIEN

ENMASS

.1

USRSTR

USRFRC

NSBCS

INTERM

XPENE

SSTHK

ECDT

TIEDPRJ

10-100

4.0

3 .
, .

:
SINGLE_SURFACE,
AUTOMATIC_GENERAL,
AUTOMATIC_SINGLE_SURFACE,
AUTOMATIC_NODES_TO_..., AUTOMATIC_SURFACE_... AUTOMATIC_ONE_WAY_....
ERODING_SINGLE_SURFACE. . *CONTACT *PART.
3

SFRIC

DFRIC

EDC

VFC

TH

TH_SF

PEN_SF

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

LS-DYNA 960

7.31 (CONTROL)

*CONTROL

4 . , 3. 3
.
3

IGNORE

FRCENG

SLSFAC


:
=0: = .1

RWPNAL


.
, , ,
.
/,
,
.
=0.0:
,
>0.0:
. 1.0.
.
,
.

ISLCHK


(. ):
=0: 2,
=1: ,
=2: .

SHLTHK

- , 1 2 SHLTHK
.
,
- . (. .)

7.32 (CONTROL)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONTROL

=0:
=1:
=2:

,
, ,
, .

PENOPT

.
. .
=0: 1,
=1:
( ),
=2: ( ),
=3: ,
=4: ,
,
=5: 4, .
,
.
4 5 .

THKCHG

-
:
=0: ( ),
=1: .

ORIEN


:
=0: 1,
=1: .
*PART.
=2:
,
=3: .

ENMASS

.
,
. ,
; ,
, .
=0: ,
=1:
,
=2:
.

LS-DYNA 960

7.33 (CONTROL)

*CONTROL

USRSTR


, .
D. ,
,
. (
USRSTR) ,
.
.

USRFRC



, . E. ,
,
.
( USRFRC) ,
.
.

NSBCS


. .

INTERM

-
- ,
NSBCS (. ):
=0: ,
=1: .

XPENE


.
PENCHK,

*CONTROL_OPTION_, ,
XPENE ,
.
=0: 4.0

SSTHK

-
, 4, 13, 15 26.
. 1 2 .
=0: (
),
=1:
(

).

7.34 (CONTROL)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONTROL

ECDT

Dt :
=0: ,
, Dt,
=1: Dt
.

TIEDPRJ

*CONTACT_TIED_NODES_TO_SURFACE,
*CONTACT_TIED_SHELL_EDGE_TO_SURFACE
*CONTACT_TIED_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE.
=0: ,
=1: .
, .

SFRIC


(. *PART_CONTACT)

DFRIC


(. *PART_CONTACT)

EDC


(. *PART_CONTACT)

VFC

(.
*PART_CONTACT)

TH

(. *PART_CONTACT)

TH_SF

(.
*PART_CONTACT)

PEN_SF


(. *PART_CONTACT)

IGNORE

-
*CONTACT_AUTOMATIC.

*CONTACT.
:
=0:
,
=1: .

FRCENG

- :
=0: ,
=1: .

LS-DYNA 960

7.35 (CONTROL)

*CONTROL
:

1.


-, :
*CONTROL_SHELL (. ISTUPD) -
SHLTHK. - THKCHG (. ),
.
,
, ,
.

.

2.

(SINGLE_SURFACE, AUTOMATIC_SINGLE_
SURFACE ERODING_SINGLE_SURFACE)

1-2, 2-3 4-1. ,
,
.
, ,
, .

,
.

3.

950 ,
ISLCHK. ,
(. *CONTACT_...),
0.

4.


. ;
, ,
. ,
.
.
,
AUTOMATIC,
. FORMING
.

7.36 (CONTROL)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONTROL
*CONTROL_COUPLING

: ,
MADYMO3D/CAL3D, . F.

1

UNLENG UNTIME UNFORC

TIMIDL

FLIPX

FLIPY

FLIPZ

SUBCYL

1.

1.

1.

0.

UNLENG

. ,
MADYMO3D/GM-CAL3D, UNLENG
LS-DYNA

UNTIME

. ,
MADYMO3D/GM-CAL3D, UNTIME
LS-DYNA

UNFORC

. ,
MADYMO3D/GM-CAL3D, UNTIME
LS-DYNA

TIMIDL

,
CAL3D MADYMO, LS-DYNA3D .
.

FLIPX

FLIPY

LS-DYNA 960

- X,
CAL3D/MADYMO3D, LS-DYNA3D:
=0: ,
=1: .
- Y,
CAL3D/MADYMO3D, DYNA3D:
=0: ,
=1: .

7.37 (CONTROL)

*CONTROL

FLIPZ

- Z,
CAL3D/MADYMO3D, LS-DYNA3D:
=0: ,
=1: .

SUBCYL

CAL3D/MADYMO3D ( )
:
=0: 1,
=n: , LS-DYNA
CAL3D/MADYMO3D. n
LS-DYNA
, , .

,

. CAL3D/MADYMO3D
,
.

7.38 (CONTROL)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONTROL
*CONTROL_CPU

: .

1

CPUTIM

CPUTIM

( ):
=0.0:

.
.
, -
.
LS-DYNA.
, , .

LS-DYNA 960

7.39 (CONTROL)

*CONTROL
*CONTROL_DYNAMIC_RELAXATION

: .
.

NRCYCK

DRTOL

DRFCTR

DRTERM

TSSFDR

IRELAL

EDTTL

IDRFLG

250

0.001

0.995

TSSFAC

0.04

1, 2

NRCYCK


( 250)

DRTOL

(
0.001)

DRFCTR

( .995)

DRTERM

.

( ).

TSSFDR


. ,

TSSFAC

*CONTROL_TIMESTEP.
TSSFAC

IRELAL


[54]:
=0: ,
=1: .

EDTTL

7.40 (CONTROL)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONTROL

IDRFLG

- :
=-999:
,
, . *DEFINE_CURVE,
=-1: ,
, .
2 .
=0: ,
=1: ,
=2: , .
1 .

1.

LS-DYNA
( 2).
,
, x, y, z, x, y, z
. 7 (m=) (i8,7e15.0).
. ,

2.

IDRFLG -1, ,
, D3THDT,
, D3DRLF.
.
D3THDT .
.

LS-DYNA 960

7.41 (CONTROL)

*CONTROL
*CONTROL_ENERGY

: .

1

HGEN

RWEN

SLNTEN

RYLEN

HGEN


.

.
=1: ( ),
=2: .
GLSTAT MATSUM
ASCII, . *DATABASE_OPTION.

RWEN

:
=1: ,
=2:
( ).
GLSTAT MATSUM ASCII,
. *DATABASE_OPTION.

SLNTEN

(
2,
.
SLNTEN=1 ).
=1: ,
=2:
.
GLSTAT MATSUM ASCII, .
*DATABASE_OPTION.

7.42 (CONTROL)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONTROL

RYLEN

LS-DYNA 960

( ):
=1: ( ),
=2:
. GLSTAT
MATSUM ASCII, . *DATABASE_OPTION.

7.43 (CONTROL)

*CONTROL
*CONTROL_EXPLOSIVE_SHADOW

: ,
. ,

Ld , D
t d :
tL = td +

Ld
D

,
, ,

.
,

.
,
, , .
,
.
. . .
*INITIAL_DETONATION *MAT_HIGH_EXPLOSIVE.

7.44 (CONTROL)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONTROL

*CONTROL_HOURGLASS_{OPTION}

:
936


, 936 LSDYNA. , 936, ,

. , 936,
940 . ,
, - . ,
936, .
: ,
, .

1

IHQ

QH

0.1

IHQ

LS-DYNA 960

:
=1: LS-DYNA,
=2: -,
=3: - ,
=4: 2 (-),
=5: 3 (-),
=6:

-
[55
],
,
.
. , 6
.

7.45 (CONTROL)

*CONTROL

=8:
16. IHQ=8
. 25%

IHQ < 4
, -.
IHQ = 4, 5 6, . ,
, ,
,
.
, - .

3 5.
QH


. QH,
.15, .
.

1.


*HOURGLASS.

7.46 (CONTROL)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONTROL
*CONTROL_IMPLICIT_AUTO

:
.

IAUTO

ITEOPT

ITEWIN

DTMIN

DTMAX

(. )

11

15

DT/1000.

DT*10.

IAUTO

-
=0:
( ),
=1:
( ).

ITEOPT

ITEWIN

.
ITEWIN ITEOPT,

DTMIN

.
DTMIN,

DTMAX

.
<0: DTMAX(t),
(. . 7.2)

LS-DYNA 960

7.47 (CONTROL)

*CONTROL
DTMAX

DTMAX active from previous key point


to
current key point

Time Step Size Limit, DTMAX

, DTMAX

2.0

. 7.2.

A key point is
automatically

generated at the termination time


1.0

0.0

Problem Time, t

tend

-1.0

= user
defined
key point
,

,
= LS-DYNA
generated
key point

negative
key point =>
no plot state


DTMAX.
DTMAX.
, ,
DTMAX

:
IAUTO

IAUTO .

ITEOPT

, ITEOPT
, ,
, . ITEOPT=21

, ,
.

ITEWIN

, ITEWIN
ITEOPT. ITEWIN
.

DTMAX

,
(. 7.2) DTMAX = ( ).

7.48 (CONTROL)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONTROL
*CONTROL_IMPLICIT_DYNAMICS

: , ,
.

1

IMASS

GAMMA

BETA

.50

.25


=0: ,
=1:
,
=2: .

IMASS

(. )

GAMMA

BETA

&& n +1 + Du& n +1 + K t ( x n ) Du = P ( x n )
Mu

n +1

- F( xn ) ,

M ,
D ,
u

n+1

=x

n +1

-x

u& n +1 n+1,

LS-DYNA 960

7.49 (CONTROL)

*CONTROL
&&
u n +1 n+1.

,
b- :
&&
u

n +1

u&

n +1

Du
u& n
1 1
n
u
- - b &&
2
b Dt
b Dt b 2

= u& n + Dt (1 - g ) &&
un + g
x

n+1

&& n +1
Dtu

= x + Du

, Dt - , b g - .
g = 1 b = 1 ,
2

g >

b>

2
2
1 1

+g ,

4 2

,
.

7.50 (CONTROL)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONTROL
*CONTROL_IMPLICIT_EIGENVALUE

:
.

1

NEIG

CENTER

LFLAG

LFTEND

RFLAG

RHTEND

EIGMTH

SHFSCL

0.0

0.0

NEIG

.
. , , .

CENTER

.
NEIG, .

LFLAG

- :
=0:
- ,
=1:
LFTEND.

LFTEND

. , LFLAG = 1.

RFLAG

- :
=0:
+ ,
=1:
RHTEND.

RHTEND

. , RFLAG = 1.

EIGMTH

:
=1:
( ),
=2:
(
).

SHFSCL

. , .
.

LS-DYNA 960

7.51 (CONTROL)

*CONTROL
:

, IMFLAG=1
*CONTROL_IMPLICIT_GENERAL,
NEIG, . .
, NEIG.
, NEIG
, CENTER.

- .
BCSLIB-EXT, .

, .

,
. LFLAG = 1
- ,
LFTEND. RFLAG = 1
RHTEND.
+ ,
CENTER ( 0.0),
NEIG, CENTER.
CENTER, NEIG
.
,
, NEIG .
NEIG.
, [LFTEND,RHTEND]
NEIG , CENTER. NEIG
NEIG ,
0.0.

, .

SHFSCL, .

d3eigv,
.
, d3plot.
, ,
.
eigout.
LPRINT
ORDER *CONTROL_IMPLICIT_LINEAR.
LPRINT LSOLVR .

7.52 (CONTROL)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONTROL
*CONTROL_IMPLICIT_GENERAL

: .

1

IMFLAG

DT0

IMFORM

NSBS

IGS

CNSTN

FORM

(. )

IMFLAG

DT0
IMFORM

NSBS
IGS

- /
=0:
,
=1:
,
=2:
(
).

- :
=1:

.
.
=2:
(
)

- ( )
=1: ,
=2: .

CNSTN

:
=0: ( ),
=1: .

FORM

IMFORM:
=0: 16,
=1: 6.

LS-DYNA 960

7.53 (CONTROL)

*CONTROL
:
IMFLAG

0 ,
. 1
. 2
*INTERFACE_SPRINGBACK_SEAMLESS,

.

NSBS*DT0 ,
, DT0=0.0.
, .

DT0


.

. ,
.

IMFORM

, ,
,
.
,
.

.

NSBS


.
, ,
. NSBS

.

IGS


.
.
,
.

7.54 (CONTROL)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONTROL
*CONTROL_IMPLICIT_SOLUTION

: . ,
, . ,
.
1
1

NSOLVR

ILIMIT

MAXREF

DCTOL

ECTOL

()

LSTOL

11

15

0.001

0.01

DNORM

DIVERG

ISTIF

NLPRINT

0.90

3 ( 3, 2
)
1

ARCCTL

ARCDIR

ARCLEN ARCMTH

ARCDMP

(. )

LS-DYNA 960

7.55 (CONTROL)

*CONTROL

NSOLVR

ILIMIT
MAXREF

:
=1:
,
=2:
BFGS ( ),
=3:
,
=4:
DFP,
=5:
,
=6:
BFGS + ,
=7:
+
,
=8:
DFP + ,
=9:
+
.

DCTOL

ECTOL

LSTOL

DNORM

:
=1:
,
=2:

).

DIVERG

- (
)
=1:
,
( ),
=2:
.

ISTIF

- :
=1:
(
),
=n:
n- .

NLPRINT

- :
=1:
screen, messag, d3hsp,
=2:
messag, d3hsp ( ).
(:
-

nlprint

. .).

7.56 (CONTROL)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONTROL


(6 NSOLVR 9):
ARCCTL


=0:

ARCDIR


(, ARCCTL=0, . )
=1:
X,
=2:
Y,
=3:
Z.

ARCLEN

. . .
<=0.0: ,
>0.0: (ARCLEN* ).

ARCMTH

:
=1:
( ),
=2:
.

ARCDMP

:
=2:
( ),
=1:
,
.

:
NSOLVR


. .
BFGS
ILIMIT, . .

.
( BFGS)
-
-.
, .
,
, (0, 0).

, LS-DYNA
.
, ,
.
.

LS-DYNA 960

7.57 (CONTROL)

*CONTROL

ILIMIT

( ) BFGS
ILIMIT.
.
ILIMIT=1

. ( ).
ILIMIT (20-25)
,
.

MAXREF

,
MAXREF , ILIMIT
. ,

, .
.
,
MAXREF=5 ,
.

DCTOL

, ,
DCTOL, . ,
, , , , -
.

ECTOL

,
,
ECTOL, .
, , , ,
, - .

LSTOL


,
. ,
,
.

DNORM


.
.
,
, .
DNORM=1 DCTOL=>0.01.

DIVERG

,
( ).
- .

ISTIF


.
, ,
.

7.58 (CONTROL)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONTROL

NLPRT

-
.
, . .
- <ctrl-c>
nlprt <ctrl-c> iter.

ARCCTL


. ,
.
,
. .

ARCLEN


-
.
0<ARCLEN<1
- .
ARCLEN<1
.
: - 1.0 ( ), 0.5, 0.25 0.10.

ARCDMP


. ,
.

LS-DYNA 960

7.59 (CONTROL)

*CONTROL
*CONTROL_IMPLICIT_SOLVER

: .
,
.

1

LSOLVR

LPRINT

NEGEV

ORDER

DRCM

DRCPRM AUTOSPC AUTOTOL

(. )

LSOLVR

:
=1:
,
=3:
, ,
=4:

( ),
=5:

, ,
=6:
BCSLIB-EXT, , ,
,
=10: ,
,
=11: ,
=12:
,
=13:
,
=14: ,
=15: ,
=16:
.

LPRINT

:
=0:
,
=1:

,
=2:
,

7.60 (CONTROL)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONTROL

=3:
,
, .
(:
-

lprint

. .).
NEGEV

- .

:
=1:
,
=2:
-,
( ).

ORDER

:
=0:
LS-DYNA ,
=1:
MMD,
=2:
METIS.

DRCM

:
=1:
( )
=2:
,
,
=3:
.

DRCPRM

DRCPRM. , ..
DRCM=1, DRCPRM=1.0;
- DRCPRM=100.0;
1.E-12 1.E-8,

.
DRCPRM . ,
, , .. DRCM=2,
DRCPRM .
DRCPRM=10.0.
,
(-),
, ,

-.

AUTOSPC

- :
=1:

,

. ,
,
,

LS-DYNA 960

7.61 (CONTROL)

*CONTROL

=2:

.

.
AUTOTOL,
.
1.E-4, - 1.E-8.

AUTOTOL

:
LSOLVR

5 6
.
4 ( ) 5
1 3.
,
: MMD METIS
(. ORDER). 1 3
.

(BCSLIB-EXT) 6.
,
.
,
.
, 1 3.

LPRINT


, .. LPRINT = 1,
.

. -
- <ctrl-c> lprint.
6, LPRINT = 2 3

.

NEGEV


( ),
.

,
.
, .

7.62 (CONTROL)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONTROL

ORDER


.
(LSOLVR = 1 LSOLVR = 3)
MMD. (LSOLVR
= 4, 5 6) MMD METIS.
,
. MMD
, 100000
.
, LPRINT ORDER ,
.
LPRINT ORDER
.

LS-DYNA 960

7.63 (CONTROL)

*CONTROL
*CONTROL_IMPLICIT_STABILIZATION

:
.

IAS

SCALE

TSTART

TEND

1.0

IAS

SCALE

TSTART

TEND

. .

- :
=1: (
),
=2: (
).
. ,
1.0,
, , 1.0,
.
0.001.
=-n: n SCALE
( :
)
( : )


.
.
TSTART TEND.

.
. .

7.64 (CONTROL)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONTROL
IAS

IAS ,
*CONTROL_IMPLICIT_GENERAL.

.

SCALE

, ,
. ,
.
.
,
.

LS-DYNA 960

7.65 (CONTROL)

*CONTROL
*CONTROL_NONLOCAL

: *MAT_NONLOCAL.

1

MEM

MEM

( ), MAT_NONLOCAL
.
,
. , , 10,
.

7.66 (CONTROL)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONTROL
*CONTROL_OUTPUT

: .
, , ,
. , .
*DATABASE_EXTENT_BINARY.

1

NPOPT

NEECHO

NREFUP

IACCOP

OPIFS

IPNINT

IKEDIT

IFLUSH

0.

100

5000

IPRTF

NPOPT

NEECHO

LS-DYNA 960

:
=0:
,
=1:
,
, .
- :
=0:
,
=1:
,
=2:
,
=3:
,
.

7.67 (CONTROL)

*CONTROL
VARIABLE

DESCRIPTION

NREFUP

-
. ,
.
=0:
,
=1:
.

IACCOP

nodout
d3thdt:
=0:
( ),
=1:
.

OPIFS

(t), . ,
.

IPNINT


:
=0:
100 ,
=1:

.

IKEDIT

( )
D3HSP. - ,
GLSTAT, . *DATABASE_GLSTAT.

IFLUSH


/. - 5000.
/
, .
/
,
.

IPRTF

- RBDOUT MATSUM.
,
, . *PART.

, .
=0:
MATSUM,
RBDOUT,
=1:
RBDOUT,
=2:
MATSUM,
=3:
RBDOUT MATSUM.

7.68 (CONTROL)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONTROL
*CONTROL_PARALLEL

:

.

1

NCPU

NUMRHS

CONST

PARA

NCPU
NUMRHS

CONST


:
=0:
NCPU, ,
=1:
.
- (NCPU >1). 2
.
=1:
,
=2:
, (
).
- , CONST=1.
=0:
,
=1:
.

PARA

:
1.

NUMRHS=NCPU,
,
. NUMRHS

. , .. CONST=1,
NUMRHS .

LS-DYNA 960

7.69 (CONTROL)

*CONTROL
2.

, .. CONST=2,

.
; ,
(), ,
- .

, .
.

(,
)
. ,
.
,
.
,
. CONST=2
, . - CONST=1
( ) ,

(SMP). ,
.

. NODOUT ELOUT .
GLSTAT, SECFORC ASCII ,
..
, .
,
, , 15%, PARA=0, ,
PARA 1 2 .
PARA ( ),
. -
MPP.

3.

- PARA
.
, .
.
, ,
.
MPP. PARA=CONST=0 NUMRHS=NCPU,
.

7.70 (CONTROL)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONTROL
*CONTROL_REMESHING

:
.
.

RMIN

RMAX

RMIN

,
.

RMAX

,
.

1.

RMIN RMAX . RMAX


2-5 RMIN.

LS-DYNA 960

7.71 (CONTROL)

*CONTROL
*CONTROL_RIGID

: , - , .
*PART_MODES.

1

LMF

JNTF

ORTHMD

PARTM

SPARCE

LMF


,
,
.
960. ,

. :
=0:
,
=1:
.

LMF

, . 1
=0:
,
=1:
().

ORTHMD

PARTM

7.72 (CONTROL)

- :
=0:
,
=1:
, .. .
-
.
,
. .
2 .
=0:
,
=1:
.

LS-DYNA 960

*CONTROL

SPARSE

-
. .
3.
=0:
,
( ),
=1:
.

1.

. ,
, .
, , 180 ,
.
-
, LMF=1 .

2.

,
, ,
, .
,
, ,
. . *CONSTRAINED_RIGID_BODIES.
, .

3.

,
.
- .

LS-DYNA 960

7.73 (CONTROL)

*CONTROL
*CONTROL_SHELL

: .

1

ESORT

IRNXX

ISTUPD

THEORY

BWC

MITER

PROJ

20.

-1

WRPANG

ROTASCL INTGRD LAMSHT

1..

WRPANG

.
, .
20 .

ESORT


,
C0, .
THEORY:
=0:
( ),
=1:
.

IRNXX

7.74 (CONTROL)

.
-, - -. ,
, ,
, .. BWC=1.

LS-DYNA 960

*CONTROL


-, IRNXX
2.
=-2: ,

,
=-1: ,
=0:
-1,
=1:
,
=n:
n ( ).
ISTUPD

.
.
=0:
,
=1:

.

.

THEORY

:
=1:
-,
=2:
- ( ),
=3:
BCIZ ( ),
=4:

C0,
=5:
-,
=6:
S/R (
) -,
=7:
S/R(
) - ,
=8:
-,
=9:
-,
=10: --,
=11: -
,
=12: ( x-y),
=13: ( x-y),
=14: (y- )
,
=15: (y- )
,
=16: ( ),
=17:
(DKT),

LS-DYNA 960

7.75 (CONTROL)

*CONTROL

=18: ,
,
=20:
C0 .
,
,
, -
.
. ,
. , ,
,
. 14 15 .
BWC

,
-.
=1:
--,
=2:
- ( ).

MITER

(
3, 18, 19 24):
=1:
3
( ),
=2:
,
=3:

().
.

PROJ


- -- (.
).
=0:
,
=1:
.

ROTASCL


. .

. ,
, .. , .

INTGRD

,
:
=0:
. 1-10 ,
,

7.76 (CONTROL)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONTROL

=1:
. 3-10 ,
.
,

.
,
,
.
-
*MAT_COMPOSITE_DAMAGE *MAT_ENHANCED_COMPOSITE_
DAMAGE. ,
.
.
,
,
, . ,

. ,
, .
=0:
,
=1:
.

LAMSHT

1.


- --.
,
:
,
, ,
,
. , ,
,
, , ,

- .

LS-DYNA 960

7.77 (CONTROL)

*CONTROL

:

,


. ,
,
.

.
,
,

. , ,
.
, . ,
, 12 ,
LS-DYNA 7 ,
110 , LS-DYNA
50 .
940.xx LS-DYNA,
,
-
,
- --.
.
950.xx LS-DYNA .

.

7.78 (CONTROL)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONTROL
*CONTROL_SOLID

: .

1

ESORT

ESORT

LS-DYNA 960

. .
THEORY :
=0:
( ),
=1:
.

7.79 (CONTROL)

*CONTROL
*CONTROL_SOLUTION

: ,
.

1

SOLN

7.80 (CONTROL)

SOLN

:
0:
,
1:
,
2:
,
4:

,
5:
( ).

LS-DYNA 960

*CONTROL
*CONTROL_SPH

: SPH.

1

NCBS

BOXID

DT

DIM

1.e20

NCBS

BOXID

SPH
.
, .
,
.

DT
IDIM

. ,

SPH.

SPH:
3

-2

, LS-DYNA
,
,
.

LS-DYNA 960

7.81 (CONTROL)

*CONTROL
*CONTROL_STRUCTURED_{OPTION}

:
TERM

:
LS-DYNA 960. - dyna.str.
, 960.
, ,
. TERM,
. ,
.

7.82 (CONTROL)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONTROL
*CONTROL_SUBCYCLE

:
. 20.2
LS-DYNA.
.
.
, .
, DT2MS
. .
*CONTROL_TIMESTEP.

LS-DYNA 960

7.83 (CONTROL)

*CONTROL
*CONTROL_TERMINATION

: .

1

ENDTIM

ENDCYC

DTMIN

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

ENDENG ENDMAS

ENDTIM

. .

ENDCYC

.

, .
.

DTMIN

TSMIN.

TSMIN=DTSTART*DTMIN, DTSTART ,
LS-DYNA.
TSMIN, LS-DYNA3D -
.

ENDENG

,
. , .

ENDMAS

, .
,
, .
DT2MS *CONTROL_TIMESTEP.

7.84 (CONTROL)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONTROL

1.

*TERMINATION.

2.

- ERODE=1 *CONTROL_TIMESTEP,
,
TSMIN.

LS-DYNA 960

7.85 (CONTROL)

*CONTROL
*CONTROL_THERMAL_NONLINEAR

:
. *CONTROL_SOLUTION.

REFMAX

TOL

DCP

10

1.0 / 0.5

REFMAX


=0:
10

TOL


=0.0: (1000 * )

DCP

:
: 0.3 DCP 1.0, 1.0,
: 0.0 < DCP 1.0, 0.5.

7.86 (CONTROL)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONTROL
*CONTROL_THERMAL_SOLVER

: /
. *CONTROL_SOLUTION.

1

ATYPE

PTYPE

SOLVER

CGTOL

GPT

=HEAT

FWORK

SBC

1.0e-04

1.

1.

0.

ATYPE

:
=0:
,
=1:
.

PTYPE

: (. *CONTROL_THERMAL_NONLINEAR,
)
=0:
,
=1:

,
,
=2:
,
.

SOLVER

:
=1:
actol ,
=2:
dactol ,
=3:
dscg ,
( ),
=4:
iccg

CGTOL

3 4.
=0:
1.e-04

GPT

LS-DYNA 960

,
=0:
8,
=1:
.

7.87 (CONTROL)

*CONTROL

EQHEAT

(, 1 / ).
=0:
1.

FWORK

,
=0:
1.)

SBC

-.
, . *BOUNDARY_RADIATION_....

1.

(, SOLVER=1)
.
,
.

7.88 (CONTROL)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONTROL
*CONTROL_THERMAL_TIMESTEP

:
/ . ,
*CONTROL_SOLUTION, *CONTROL_THERMAL_SOLVER.

1

TS

TIP

ITS

TMIN

TMAX

DTEMP

TSCP

0.5

1.0

0.5

TS

:
=0:
,
=1:
( ).

TIP

:
=0.0: -,
=1.0: .

ITS

TMIN


=0.0:
.

TMAX


=0.0:
, 100

DTEMP

,
, ,

=0.0: , 1.0.

TSCP

.
(0. < TSCP < 1.0),
:
=0.0: 0.5.

LS-DYNA 960

7.89 (CONTROL)

*CONTROL
*CONTROL_TIMESTEP

: .

1

DTINIT

TSSFAC

ISDO

TSLIMT

DT2MS

LCTM

ERODE

MS1ST

0.9/0.67

0.0

0.0

( ).
2

DT2MSF

VARIABLE


DESCRIPTION

DTINIT

:
=0.0: LS-DYNA .

TSSFAC

(
SCFT). . 1 . ( = .90;
,
.67).

7.90 (CONTROL)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONTROL

ISDO

TSLIMT

DT2MS

4-
. 3-
, 0 1, 2 -
. ,
.
=0: = / (
),
=1: = / ( ),
=2:
: , / (
).
,

,

=3:
. ,
.
,

.
.
, (,
) ,
, TSLIMT.
*MAT_PLASTIC_KINEMATIC,
*MAT_POWER_LAW_PLASTICITY,
*MAT_STRAIN_RATE_DEPENDENT_
PLASTICITY, *MAT_PIECE-WISE_LINEAR_PLASTICITY. DT2MS
(. ) ,
.
.

,

. 0.0.
, TSSFAC*|DT2MS|
,
,
.
,

.
.

ENDMAS

*CONTROL_TERMINATION.

LS-DYNA 960

7.91 (CONTROL)

*CONTROL

LCTM

(),
.
, .
,
. , ,
,
.

ERODE

- ,
DTMIN (. *CONTROL_TERMINATION).
, .
=0:
,
=1:
.

MS1ST


.

:
=0:
,
=1:
.

DT2MSF

,
.
,
. , DT2MS=( DT2MSF
* Dt), Dt
TSSFAC.
, DT2MS=0, . .

1.

,

Dt n+1 = TSSFAC min{Dt1 ,Dt2 ,..., Dt N }

N - .

. TSSFAC
.90 ( ) .
( )
. , .90, .
.

7.92 (CONTROL)

LS-DYNA 960

*CONTROL

5 ;
5 ,
1 . ,
, , ,
.
.
.
; , :

331 /

1478

5240

5220

2598

,
,
.


. ,
, .
ISDO.

LS-DYNA 960

7.93 (CONTROL)

*CONTROL

7.94 (CONTROL)

LS-DYNA 960

*DAMPING

*DAMPING
:
*DAMPING_GLOBAL
*DAMPING_PART_MASS
*DAMPING_PART_STIFFNESS
*DAMPING_RELATIVE

*DAMPING_GLOBAL
: (), ,
.

1

LCID

VALDMP

STX

STY

STZ

SRX

SRY

SRZ

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

LCID

LS-DYNA Version 960

,
:
=0:
,
VALDMP,

8.1 (DAMPING)

*DAMPING

=n:
n.
, ,
f=-d(t) mv, d(t)
n.
VALDMP

d (
, n, )

STX

STY

STZ

SRX

SRY

SRZ

:
1.

, . *RESTART.

2.

STX=STY=STZ=SRX=SRY=SRZ=0.0,
.
, ,
:
n

a =M

-1

(P

n
n
- F - Fdamp ,

M - , P n - , F
-
n
Fdamp
- , .
:
n
Fdamp
= Ds mv .

8.2 (DAMPING)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*DAMPING

,
.

Ds = 2w min ,
( )
. ,
: .
, , ,
GLSTAT ASCII. ,
.

LS-DYNA Version 960

8.3 (DAMPING)

*DAMPING
*DAMPING_PART_MASS

:
. , .
.

1

PID

LCID

SF

FLAG

1.0

( , FLAG=1.
, STX, STY, STZ, SRX, SRY SRZ
.)
2

PID
LCID

STX

STR

STZ

SRX

SRY

SRZ

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

, . *PART.

SF

.
.

FLAG

,
.

STX

8.4 (DAMPING)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*DAMPING

STY

STZ

SRX

SRY

SRZ

,
,

,
. ,

,
, :

n
,
a n = M -1 P n - F n - Fdamp

M - , P - , F n -
n
Fdamp
- , .
:
Fdamp = Ds mv .
n

,
.
Ds = 2w min ,

( )
. ,
: .
, ,
.
, , ,
GLSTAT ASCII. ,
.

LS-DYNA Version 960

8.5 (DAMPING)

*DAMPING
*DAMPING_PART_STIFFNESS

: .

PID

COEF

PID
COEF

, *PART.
, .
0.01 0.25.
. 0.01
.

:
C = a M + bK ,

C, M K , .
a b - , .
, , ,

, . : *DAMPING_GLOBAL DAMPING_PART_ MASS.


C fi
fit Cfi = fit (a M + b K ) fi = a + bwi2 = 2wixid ij ,

wi i- (/ ), xi -
.
, ,
,
. , ,
.
,

8.6 (DAMPING)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*DAMPING
.
*CONTROL_TIMESTEP.
b , COEF
, 0.10 10
.
, , ,
- RYLEN *CONTROL_ENERGY 2.

. GLSTAT .

LS-DYNA Version 960

8.7 (DAMPING)

*DAMPING
*DAMPING_RELATIVE

: .

1

CDAMP

FREQ

PIDRB

PSID

CDAMP

FREQ

, CDAMP (
, , , - )

PIDRB

, *PART.
.

PSID

.
.

1.


,
. , .
, ,
,
.
,
. ,
.

2.

FREQ , ,
CDAMP, FREQ
CDAMP.
FREQ .

8.8 (DAMPING)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*DATABASE

*DATABASE
*DATABASE ( ) ,
.
:
*DATABASE_OPTION
*DATABASE_BINARY_OPTION
*DATABASE_CROSS_SECTION_OPTION
*DATABASE_EXTENT_OPTION
*DATABASE_FORMAT
*DATABASE_HISTORY_OPTION
*DATABASE_NODAL_FORCE_GROUP
*DATABASE_SPRING_FORWARD
*DATABASE_SUPERPLASTIC_FORMING
*DATABASE_TRACER
, , .

LS-DYNA 960

9.1 (DATABASE)

*DATABASE
*DATABASE_OPTION
ASCII ( ,
):
ABSTAT
AVSFLT
BNDOUT
DEFGEO

DEFORC
ELOUT
GCEOUT
GLSTAT
JNTFORC
MATSUM
MOVIE
MPGS
NCFORC
NODFOR
NODOUT
RBDOUT
RCFORC
RWFORC
SBTOUT
SECFORC
SLEOUT
SPCFORC
SPHOUT
SSSTAT
SWFORC
TPRINT
TRHIST

9.2 (DATABASE)


AVS, . *DATABASE_EXTENT_OPTION
,
, . (
Chrysler, .cshrc
: setenv LSTC_DEFGEO chrysler).
NASBDF (NASTRAN Bulk Data)
DEFGEO.

, . *DATABASE_HISTORY_OPTION

. , SSSTAT.

. . 1 2 .
MOVIE. . *DATABASE_EXTENT_OPTION.
MPGS. . *DATABASE_EXTENT_OPTION.
. . *CONTACT 1 (SPR
MPR)
. . *DATABASE_NODAL_FORCE_GROUP.
, . *DATABASE_HISTORY_OPTION
, . 2

-

. . *DATABASE_CROSS_SECTION_
OPTION.
. .
*CONTROL_ENERGY
(SPC)
(SPH), .
*DATABASE_HISTORY_OPTION
, .
*DATABASE_EXTENT_SSSTAT
( )
,
.
-.
.
*DATABASE_TRACER.

LS-DYNA Version 960

*DATABASE

1

DT

0.

DT

. DT = 0,
.

( ):


43
ABSTAT
ASCII
44
AVSFLT

46
BNDOUT ( )

40
DEFGEO

36
DEFORC

34
ELOUT

48
GCEOUT

35
GLSTAT

53
JNTFORC

37
MATSUM
MOVIE 50
MOVIEnnn.xxx, nnn=001-999
MPGS
50
MPGSnnn.xxx, nnn=001-999
Nastran/BDF
49
NASBDF (. )

38
NCFORC

45
NODFOR

33
NODOUT

47
RBDOUT


39
RCFORC


32
RWFORC

52
SBTOUT
31
SECFORC

51
SLEOUT

LS-DYNA 960

9.3 (DATABASE)

*DATABASE


(SPC)
SPH





-

41
68

SPCFORC
SPHOUT

58

SSSTAT

42
73
70

SWFORC ( /)
TPRINT
TRHIST

ASCII

ABSTAT

BNDOUT

DEFORC

x, y, z

x, y, z

ELOUT

xx,yy,zz

xx,yy,zz

xx,yy,zz

xy,yz,zx

xy,yz,zx

xy,yz,zx

GCEOUT

x
y
z

9.4 (DATABASE)


x
y
z

LS-DYNA Version 960

*DATABASE

GLSTAT

JNTFORC

MATSUM

x,y,z
x,y,z

x,y,z
x,y,z


x, y, z

,

NCFORC

NODOUT

NODFOR

x
y
z

x, y, z
x, y, z
x, y, z
x, y, z
x, y, z
x, y, z

x, y, z

RBDOUT

RCFORC

RWFORC

x,y,z
x,y,z
x,y,z

x,y,z

x,y,z

SECFORC
x,y,z
x,y,z

SLEOUT

SPCFORC

SWFORC

x, y, z

x, y, z


x, y, z

LS-DYNA 960

9.5 (DATABASE)

*DATABASE
:
1.

, MATSUM
GLSTAT, . -,
GLSTAT,
MATSUM. -, MATSUM
,
, . ,
GLSTAT ,
MATSUM .

2.

PRINT, , ,
, MATSUM RBDOUT.
, PRBF ,
:
= 0: ,
*CONTROL_OUTPUT,
= 1: RBDOUT,
= 2: MATSUM,
= 3: RBDOUT, MATSUM.
. CONTROL_OUTPUT PART_PRINT.

3.

, . *RESTART.
.

4.

, , AVSFLT, MOVIE MPGS,


LS-POST. ,
ASCII,
.

5.

,
RCFORC, .

9.6 (DATABASE)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*DATABASE
*DATABASE_BINARY_OPTION
.
:
D3DRLF
D3DUMP
D3MEAN
D3PART
D3PLOT
D3THDT
RUNRSF
INTFOR
XTFILE
D3CRCK


.
.

. .
*DATABASE_EXTENT_BINARY.
. .
*DATABASE_EXTENT_BINARY.
, .
*DATABASE_HISTORY
.
.
(
S=). . mpr spr
*CONTACT.

XTFILE D3THDT.
, .
Winfrith (
q=).
D3PLOT,
.

D3DUMP RUNRSF ,
, . *RESTART. RUNRSF,
( ).
D3DUMP, ,
D3DUMP01, D3DUMP02 ..
(. ,
), RUNRSF
D3DUMP. ,
, ,
D3DUMP.
*DATABASE_BINARY_D3PLOT, ,
.
D3PLOT, D3PART, D3DRLF INTFOR ,
.
LS-POST. D3THDT
, , .
*DATABASE_HISTORY.
LS-POST. D3PLOT, D3PART, D3DRLF D3THDT
D3PLOT, D3PART, D3DRLF D3THDT. INTFOR
S=iff, (iff= ), . ,
. ,
.

LS-DYNA 960

9.7 (DATABASE)

*DATABASE
7000000 ,
,
. .
, , 99.
, X=scl (scl
). D3PLOT, D3PART D3THDT
*DATABASE_EXTENT_BINARY. ,
. D3THDT
*DATABASE_HISTORY. ,
,
.

9.8 (DATABASE)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*DATABASE

1

DT/CYCL

LCDT

BEAM

NPLTC

PSETID

ISTATS

TSTART

IAVG

0.0

100

DT

CYCL

(
). D3DRFL n,
n-
, *CONTROL_
DYNAMIC_RELAXATION.

LCDT

,
.
D3PLOT, D3PART, D3THDT
INTFOR.

BEAM

*DATABASE_BINARY_D3PLOT D3PART.
= 0: ( )
D3PLOT D3PART,
. X, Y Z
,
=1: ( )
D3PLOT D3PART.
,
LS-DYNA, .
,
,

,
,
.

LS-DYNA 960

9.9 (DATABASE)

*DATABASE

= 2: ( )
D3PLOT D3PART,
( BEAM=0).

,

.
.
NPLTC

DT=ENDTIME/NPLTC
D3PLOT D3PART.
DT, .

PSETID

,
D3PART

ISTATS

.
D3MEAN , ,
.
= 0: ( ),
= 1: ,
= 2:
,
= 3:
.

TSTART

,
( D3MEAN).
TSTART=0.0.

IAVG


( D3MEAN).
,
.
= 0: IAVG=100 ( )

:
1.

ISTATS , D3MEAN,

.
-,
.
ISTATS=1,
:
X, Y, Z, , ,
X, Y, Z, , ,
1, ... , 10.

9.10 (DATABASE)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*DATABASE

ISTATS=2, ,
ISTATS=1,
X, Y Z :
X, Y, Z, , ,
1, ... , 10.
ISTATS=3, ,
ISTATS=1 ISTATS=2,
:
ux3, uy3, uz3, ux4, uy4, uz4.
LS-POST
:
ISTATS=1, , .
ISTATS=2, ,

.
ISTATS=3, .
8 (
) .

LS-DYNA 960

9.11 (DATABASE)

*DATABASE
*DATABASE_CROSS_SECTION_OPTION
:
PLANE ()
SET ()
:
, SECFORC ASCII. PLANE
. , . . 9.1.
SET, .
, .
PLANE
1

PSID

XCT

YCT

ZCT

XCH

YCH

ZCH

0.

0.

0.

0.

0.

0.

PLANE
1

XHEV

YHEV

ZHEV

LENL

LENM

ID

ITYPE

0.

0.

0.

9.12 (DATABASE)

. .

LS-DYNA Version 960

*DATABASE

b
a

. 9.1.


.
.

, .

LS-DYNA 960

9.13 (DATABASE)

*DATABASE
SET
.
,
.
SET
1

NSID

HSID

BSID

SSID

TSID

DSID

ID

ITYPE

PSID

. PSID=0, .

XCT

x N.
, , . 9.1.

YCT

y N

ZCT

z N

XCH

x N

YCH

y N

ZCH

z N

XHEV

x L

YHEV

y L

ZHEV

z L

LENL

a L

LENM

b M

NSID

, . *SET_NODE_PTION

HSID

, . *SET_SOLID

BSID

, . *SET_BEAM

9.14 (DATABASE)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*DATABASE

SSID

, .
*SET_SHELL_OPTION

TSID

, .
*SET_TSHELL

DSID

, . *SET_DISCRETE

ID

ITYPE

LS-DYNA 960

(. *MAT_RIGID, 20)
(. *ELEMENT_SEATBELT_ACCELEROMETER).

.
:
= 0: ,
= 1: .

9.15 (DATABASE)

*DATABASE
*DATABASE_EXTENT_OPTION
:
AVS
BINARY
MOVIE
MPGS
SSSTAT
: . BINARY
, D3PLOT, D3PART D3THDT. . *DATABASE_BINARY_
OPTION.
AVS, MPGS MOVIE :
, . MPGS MOVIE
.

VTYPE

COMP

VTYPE

:
= 0: ,
= 1: -,
= 2: ,
= 3: ,
= 4: .

COMP

.
VTYPE, :
VTYPE.= 0: 9.1,
VTYPE.= 1: 9.2,
VTYPE.= 2: ,
VTYPE.= 3: 9.3,
VTYPE.= 4: .

9.16 (DATABASE)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*DATABASE
:
AVS , ,
, -, ,
NV, .
NV ,
. .
, .
.
, .
MOVIE MPGS
.
9.1.

1
x, y, z
2
x, y, z
3
x, y, z
9.2. -

1
x
2
y
3
z
4
xy
5
yz
6
zx
7
. .
9.3.

1
x . -
2
y . -
3
z . -
4
xy . -
5
yz . -
6
xz . -
7
. . . -
8
x . -
9
y . -
10
z . -
11
xy . -
12
yz . -
13
zx . -
14
. . . -

LS-DYNA 960

9.17 (DATABASE)

*DATABASE

9.3.
()
15
x . -
16
y . -
17
z . -
18
xy . -
19
yz . -
20
zx . -
21
. . . -
22
mxx (4- )
23
myy (4- )
24
mxy (4- )
25
qxx (4- . )
26
qyy (4- . )
27
. nxx (4- . )
28
. nyy (4- . )
29
. nxy (4- . )
30
(4- )
31
,
32
,
33
x -
34
y -
35
z -
36
xy -
37
yz -
38
zx -
39
x
40
y
41
z
42
xy -
43
yz -
44
zx -
45

46
. -
47
. -
48
. -
49
. . -
50

51
. . -
52
-
53
. -
54

55
. -
56
-
57
. -
58

59
. -
60
-

9.18 (DATABASE)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*DATABASE

9.4.

1
2
3
4
5
6

LS-DYNA 960

x
y
z
x
y
z

9.19 (DATABASE)

*DATABASE
BINARY :

1

NEIPH

NEIPS

MAXINT

STRFLG

SIGFLG

EPSFLG

RLTFLG

ENGFLG

CMPFLG

IEVERP

BEAMIP

DCOMP

SHGE

STSSZ

N3THDT

NEIPH


, LS-TAURUS
.
,
, .

, .

NEIPS


, LS-TAURUS

, . NEIPH

9.20 (DATABASE)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*DATABASE

MAXINT

,
LS-DYNA, . *INTEGRATION_SHELL.
MAXINT=3 ( ),
() ()
. MAXINT=3
, .
3,
MAXINT . :

MAXINT 3,
. . .

STRFLG

1 ,

LS-POST ELOUT
ASCII.

.
.

SIGFLG

-
:
=1: ( ),
=2: .

EPSFLG

-
:
=1: ( ),
=2: .

RLTFLG

-
:
=1: ( ),
=2: .

ENGFLG

- :
=1: ( ),
=2: .

CMPFLG



.
, ,
MAT_COMPOSITE_DAMAGE.
=0: ,
=1: .

LS-DYNA 960

9.21 (DATABASE)

*DATABASE

IEVERP

d3plot
.
100 .
= 0:
,
= 1: .

BEAMIP

.
c ,
.

DCOMP

:
= 1: ( ),
= 2: .

SHGE

-
:
= 1: ( ),
= 2: .

STSSZ

,
:
= 1: ( ),
= 2: ,
= 3: ,
.
. 3 .

N3THDT

9.22 (DATABASE)

- D3THDT
= 1: D3THDT,
= 2: D3THDT ( ).

LS-DYNA Version 960

*DATABASE

:
1.

MAXINT=3, LS-DYNA
,
.
.
,
.
MAXINT=3, LS-DYNA ,
,
. MAXINT3,
, .
, .

2.

LS-DYNA
, BEAMIP > 0. ,
.
- (Hughes-Liu):
srr, srs str,
. ,
,
, .
.
- (Belytschko-Schwer).

3.

,
.
, ,
, ,
. . *CONTROL_TIMESTEP.

LS-DYNA 960

9.23 (DATABASE)

*DATABASE
SSSTAT :
, .
(
. , .)

PSID1

PSID2

PSID3

PSID4

PSID5

PSID6

PSID7

PSID8

PSIDn

9.24 (DATABASE)

n, .
*SET_PART

LS-DYNA Version 960

*DATABASE
*DATABASE_FORMAT
: .

1

IFORM

IBINARY

IFORM

IBINARY

D3PLOT D3THDT:
= 0: LS-DYNA ( ),
= 1: ANSYS,
= 2: LS-DYNA ANSYS.
(D3PLOT,
D3THDT, D3DRLF 64-
CRAY NEC):
= 0: 64- ( ),
= 1: 32- IEEE

:
1.

.
LS-DYNA.

2.

,
64- CRAY NEC.

LS-DYNA 960

9.25 (DATABASE)

*DATABASE
*DATABASE_HISTORY_OPTION
:
BEAM
BEAM_SET
NODE
NODE_LOCAL
NODE_SET
NODE_SET_LOCAL
SHELL
SHELL_SET
SOLID
SOLID_SET
SPH
SPH_SET
TSHELL
TSHELL_SET
: ,
D3THDT ASCII: NODOUT, ELOUT SPHOUT.
, . ,
*. . *DATABASE_BINARY_OPTION *DATABASE_
OPTION.
, NODE_LOCAL NODE_SET_LOCAL
1,2,...

IDn

9.26 (DATABASE)

ID1

ID2

ID3

ID4

ID5

ID6

ID7

ID8

n- NODE/NODE_SET /
. BEAM/BEAM_SET,
SHELL/SHELL_SET, SOLID/SOLID_SET TSHELL/TSHELL_SET.
9.1 ,
9.2,
9.3 -
9.4. D3THDT

*DATABASE_EXTENT_BINARY.

LS-DYNA Version 960

*DATABASE
NODE_LOCAL NODE_SET_LOCAL
1,2,...

ID

CID

REF

ID

, NODE/NODE_SET.
9.1 . .
.

CID

. .
DEFINE_COORDINATE.

REF

:
= 0: ,
,
=1: ,
DEFINE_COORDINATE_NODES.

.
, .
= 2: ,
DEFINE_COORDINATE_NODES.


.
,
.

:
1.

,
.
*ELEMENT_SEATBELT_
ACCELEROMETER,
NODE_LOCAL NODE_SET_LOCAL,
CID , LOCAL .

LS-DYNA 960

9.27 (DATABASE)

*DATABASE
*DATABASE_NODAL_FORCE_GROUP
: NODFOR ASCII
XTFILE. . *DATABASE_OPTION *DATABASE_BINARY_
OPTION.

NSID

CID

NSID
CID

, . *SET_NODE_OPTION

, . *DEFINE_ COORDINATE_OPTION

:
1.

( CID)
x, y z NODFOR ASCII,
,
. , ,
.
,
.
.
.

9.28 (DATABASE)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*DATABASE
*DATABASE_SPRING_FORWARD
: .
SPRING-FORWARD ASCII

.

1

IFLAG

IFLAG

LS-DYNA 960

- :
= 0: ,
= 1: ,
= 2: ,
NIKE3D.

9.29 (DATABASE)

*DATABASE
*DATABASE_SUPERPLASTIC_FORMING
:

*LOAD_SUPERPLASTIC_FORMING.

1

DTOUT

DTOUT

9.30 (DATABASE)

, 1
2. ,
1 2:
, 1 2.
3
LS-TAURUS SUPERPL.

LS-DYNA Version 960

*DATABASE
*DATABASE_TRACER
: - ,
TRHIST ASCII. ,
.
*DATABASE_TRHIST.

TIME

TRACK

0.0

TIME
TRACK

-
-:
=0: ,
=1: .

LS-DYNA 960

9.31 (DATABASE)

*DATABASE

9.32 (DATABASE)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*DEFINE

*DEFINE
*DEFINE
, , ,
.
:
*DEFINE_BOX
*DEFINE_BOX_ADAPTIVE
*DEFINE_BOX_COARSEN
*DEFINE_BOX_DRAWBEAD
*DEFINE_COORDINATE_NODES
*DEFINE_COORDINATE_SYSTEM
*DEFINE_COORDINATE_VECTOR
*DEFINE_CURVE
*DEFINE_CURVE_FEEDBACK
*DEFINE_CURVE_SMOOTH
*DEFINE_CURVE_TRIM
*DEFINE_SD_ORIENTATION
*DEFINE_TABLE
*DEFINE_TRANSFORMATION
*DEFINE_VECTOR

_TITLE
()

*DEFINE. ,
80a,
, .. LS-DYNA
title. .
*DEFINE.

LS DYNA Version 960

10.1 (DEFINE)

*DEFINE
*DEFINE_BOX
: .
,
.
, , , ..

1

BOXID

XMN

XMX

YMN

YMX

ZMN

ZMX

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

BOXID

. .

XMN

XMX

YMN

YMX

ZMN

ZMX

10.2 (DEFINE)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*DEFINE
*DEFINE_BOX_ADAPTIVE
: ,
,
. ,
. MAXLVL
*CONTROL_ADAPTIVE.

1

BOXID

XMN

XMX

YMN

YMX

ZMN

ZMX

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

PID

LEVEL

BOXID

. .

XMN

XMX

YMN

YMX

ZMN

LS DYNA Version 960

10.3 (DEFINE)

*DEFINE

ZMX
PID

LEVEL

10.4 (DEFINE)

z
. ,
.
,
. 1, 2, 3, ...
4, 16, 64, ... .

LS-DYNA Version 960

*DEFINE
*DEFINE_BOX_COARSEN
:
, .
.
*CONTROL_COARSEN.

BOXID

XMN

XMX

YMN

YMX

ZMN

ZMX

IFLAG

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

BOXID

. .

XMN

XMX

YMN

YMX

ZMN

ZMX

IFLAG

- ,
.
=0: ,
=1: .

:
1.

. ,
.

LS DYNA Version 960

10.5 (DEFINE)

*DEFINE
*DEFINE_BOX_DRAWBEAD
:
.
. , .

1

BOXID

PID

NSID

IDIR

0.0

0.0

0.0

BOXID
PID

. .

NSID

, ,
.

IDIR

:
=1:
x,
=2:
y,
=3:
z.

10.6 (DEFINE)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*DEFINE
*DEFINE_COORDINATE_NODES
: .
. z
x y , (. . 10.1), z = x y , y
y = z x .

1

CID

N1

N2

N3

FLAG

CID

.
.

N1

N2

, x

N3

, x-y

FLAG

LS DYNA Version 960

-, ,
,
*BOUNDARY_SPC, 6
ELEMENT_BEAM, .
,

(SPC),
,
,
.

10.7 (DEFINE)

*DEFINE
:
1.

N1, N2 N3
.
z
y

N
3

x
N
2

N
1

. 10.1. .

10.8 (DEFINE)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*DEFINE
*DEFINE_COORDINATE_SYSTEM
: .
, . 10.1, . *DEFINE_COORDINATE_NODES.
. N1 (X0,Y0,Z0), N2
(XL,YL,ZL), N3 - (XP,YP,ZP).
1 2 - .
1

CID

XO

YO

ZO

XL

YL

ZL

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

2 2 - .

XP

YP

ZP

0.0

0.0

0.0

LS DYNA Version 960

10.9 (DEFINE)

*DEFINE

CID

.
.

XO

X-

YO

Y-

ZO

Z-

XL

X- x

YL

Y- x

ZL

Z- x

XP

X- x-y

YP

Y- x-y

ZP

Z- x-y

:
1.

10.10 (DEFINE)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*DEFINE
*DEFINE_COORDINATE_VECTOR
: , . . 10.2.
, xy x = z , z. y
y = z x .

1

CID

XX

YX

ZX

XV

YV

ZV

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

CID

.
.

XX

X- x. (0, 0,
0).

YX

Y- x

ZX

Z- x

XV

X xy

YV

Y xy

ZV

Z xy

LS DYNA Version 960

10.11 (DEFINE)

*DEFINE

:
1.

x xy
.
z
xy
y

(0,0,0)

. 10.2. .

10.12 (DEFINE)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*DEFINE
*DEFINE_CURVE

: , , ,
, .

LCID

SIDR

SFA

SFO

OFFA

OFFO

DATTYP

1.

1.

0.

0.

2, 3, 4 .. (2E20.0).
, , *. (
, .)
1

A1

O1

0.0

0.0

LCID

. (. *DEFINE_TABLE)
.
LS-DYNA3D
.
. : LCID
5 .
LS-DYNA3D.

SIDR

:
=0:
,
=1:
, ,

LS DYNA Version 960

10.13 (DEFINE)

*DEFINE

=2: ,
.
SFA

.
.
=0.0: 1.0.

SFO

( ).
.
=0.0: 1.0.

OFFA

, . .

OFFO

( ), . .

DATTYP

. 0, 1
xy. , .
xy ,
. , DATTYP=0
, ,
-.

A1, A2,...

. , .
.

O1, O2,...

(). , .
.

1.

: , ,
,
. LS-DYNA
,
. ,
, ,
,
.

2.

= SFA ( _ + OFFA)
= SFO ( _ + OFFO)

10.14 (DEFINE)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*DEFINE

3.

(DATTYP=0) ,
,
0 .999*OFFA
.
DATTYP=1,
.
.

4.

, , ,
.., LS-DYNA .
,
.
.
.

5.

, ,
. . *CHANGE_CURVE_DEFINITION, .

LS DYNA Version 960

10.15 (DEFINE)

*DEFINE
*DEFINE_CURVE_FEEDBACK

: ,
.
.

1

LCID

PID

BOXID

FLDID

FSL

TSL

SF

ST

BIAS

1.0

1.0

0.0

LCID

, .

PID

BOXID

.
,
.
, .

FLDID

,
, . 10.3. FSL
,
, SF .

10.16 (DEFINE)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*DEFINE

FSL

,
, e majorworkpiece / e majorfld ,
, SF .

TSL

.
,
ST .

SF

, SF
=1.0).

ST

ST ( =1.0).

BIAS


S, -1 S 1



Sload curve = Sloadcurve S final ,
n+1

S final SF , , ST ,
.

S final , :
.

S final =

1
1
(1 - S) SF + (1+ S)ST
2
2

, SF , ST , Sloadcurve
.

LS DYNA Version 960

10.17 (DEFINE)

*DEFINE
e mnr = 0

e mjr

80
70

% . .

60
50
40
e mjr

e mnr

30

e mnr

20
e mjr
10

-50

-40

-30

-20

-10

+10

+20

+30

+40

+50

% .

. 10.3. .

10.18 (DEFINE)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*DEFINE
*DEFINE_CURVE_SMOOTH

: .
, ,
.

LCID

SIDR

DIST

TSTART

TEND

TRISE

V0

LCID

SIDR

:
=0:
,
=1: ,
,
=2: ,
.

DIST

( )

TSTART

TEND

, .
TEND , VMAX
,
DIST. TEND, VMAX.

TRISE

VMAX

( ).
VMAX , TEND ,
DIST.
TEND, VMAX.

LS DYNA Version 960

10.19 (DEFINE)

*DEFINE
:

. . 10.4.

Trise

Trise

Vmax

dist =

v(t)dt

0.0
0.0

Tstart

Tend

. 10.4. *DEFINE_CURVE_SMOOTH.
, ,
,
.

10.20 (DEFINE)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*DEFINE
*DEFINE_CURVE_TRIM

: ( ,
). . *INTERFACE_SPRINGBACK.

1

TCID

TCTYPE

TFLG

TDIR

TCTOL

0.25

1,2,3

. 10.5

2, 3, 4 .. , TCTYPE=1.
(2E20.0). , *,
.
1

CX

CY

0.0

0.0

2 , TCTYPE=2.
1

FILENAME

LS DYNA Version 960

10.21 (DEFINE)

*DEFINE

TCID
TCTYPE


:
=1: ,
=2: IGES.

TFLG

:
= -1: ,
= 1: .

TDIR

(*DEFINE_VECTOR),

(. . 10.5).
= 0: (0, 0, 1).
XY
Z, .

TCTOL

, ,
(. . 10.6).
<0: ,

CX

x . , TCTYPE=1.

CY

y . , TCTYPE=1.

FILENAME

IGES, .
, TCTYPE=2.

1.

*ELEMENT_TRIM
.

2.

*ELEMENT_TRIM, .

3.

(*ELEMENT_TRIM + *DEFINE_CURVE_ TRIM)



. *DEFINE_CURVE_TRIM
. . ,
*INTERFACE_SPRINGBACK.

4.

TCTOL ,
. 0.0 .
0.5 , , ,
. 1.0 ,
, .

10.22 (DEFINE)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*DEFINE
,
, .
z
T
x
Z

.
(
)

Y
X

. 10.5.

. (T) (H)
(x,y,z). x
Xz. x-y
z ,
.

tol = 0.25 (default)


. 10.6

tol = 0.01

.
, .
() . 0.01 ()
.

LS DYNA Version 960

10.23 (DEFINE)

*DEFINE
*DEFINE_SD_ORIENTATION

: .
.
. , IOP= 0 1,
.
, ..
, .

1

VID

IOP

XT

YT

ZT

NID1

NID2

0.0

0.0

0.0

IOP=0,1

IOP=0,1

IOP=0,1

IOP=2,3

IOP=2,3

VID

.
.

IOP

:
=0: / /
,
=1: / /

/,

,
,
=2: / /
,
,
=3: / /

/,

,
,
.

10.24 (DEFINE)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*DEFINE

XT

x. , IOP=0, 1.

YT

y. , IOP=0, 1

ZT

z. , IOP=0, 1

NID1

. , IOP=2, 3.

NID2

. , IOP=2, 3.

1.

, 0 1,
. 2 3
. , ,
.
,
. , ,
.

LS DYNA Version 960

10.25 (DEFINE)

*DEFINE
*DEFINE_TABLE

: . ,
, *DEFINE_CURVE.
*DEFINE_TABLE, n . n
,
*DEFINE_CURVE,
*DEFINE_TABLE . ,
,
, *DEFINE_TABLE
n . , .
, n , .. ,
, . ( ,
, ).
,
,
.

1

TBID

2, 3, 4 .. (E20.0).
*DEFINE_CURVE.
1

10.26 (DEFINE)

VALUE

0.0

LS-DYNA Version 960

*DEFINE

*DEFINE_CURVE.

TBID

.
. LS-DYNA3D
.

VALUE

, ,
, , .
.

1.

, , 10 - 10
, 10
. 10
*DEFINE_CURVE.

LS DYNA Version 960

10.27 (DEFINE)

*DEFINE
*DEFINE_TRANSFORMATION

: INCLUDE_TRANSFORM.
*DEFINE_TRANSFORMATION
*INCLUDE_TRANSFORM.
1, 2, 3, 4, ... ( , *, .)
, ,
.

OPTION

A1

A2

A3

A4

A5

A6

A7

TRANID

TRANID

OPTION

A1-A7

10.28 (DEFINE)

. .
.

LS-DYNA Version 960

*DEFINE

(A10,7F10.0)

a1, a2, a3

x, y z
a1, a2 a3 .
, .

ROTATE

a1, a2, a3, a4, a5, a6, a7

, a7,
a1, a2 a3,
a4, a5 a6.

TRANSL

a1, a2, a3

x, y z
a1, a2 a3 .

SCALE

SCALE, ROTATE TRANSL.


(scale), (rotate) , ,
(translate).
,
*DEFINE_TRANSFORMATION :
1. 1000 (dummy.k)
45 z (0.0,0.0,0.0)
2. 2000 (dummy.k)
1000 x.
3. 3000 (dummy.k)
2000 x.
*DEFINE_TRANSFORMATION TRANSL, SCALE ROTATE.
, , ,
1000 ,
, . *INCLUDE_ TRANSFORM

*DEFINE_TRANSFORMATION,
.
, ,
.

LS DYNA Version 960

10.29 (DEFINE)

*DEFINE
*KEYWORD
*DEFINE_TRANSFORMATION
1000
$ option &
TRANSL
$ option &
SCALE
$ option &
ROTATE

dx&

dy&

dz&

0000.0

0.0

0.0

dx&

dy&

dz&

1.00

1.0

1.0

dx&

dy&

dz&

px&

py&

pz&

angle&

0.00

0.0

1.0

0.00

0.00

0.0

45.00

dx&

dy&

dz&

1000.0

0.0

0.0

dx&

dy&

dz&

2000.0

0.0

0.0

*DEFINE_TRANSFORMATION
2000
$ option &
TRANSL

*DEFINE_TRANSFORMATION
$ tranid &
3000
$ option &
TRANSL

*INCLUDE_TRANSFORM
dummy.k
$idnoff
$
$

&

ideoff&

idroff&

ilctmf&

fctmas&
1.0000

idpoff& idmoff

&

idsoff &

iddoff&

iddoff &

fcttim&

fctlen&

fcttem &

incout&

1.0000

1.00

1.0

&

idsoff &

iddoff&

iddoff &

1000000

1000000

$ tranid &
1000
*INCLUDE_TRANSFORM
dummy.k
$idnoff
$
$

&

ideoff&

idpoff& idmoff

1000000

1000000

1000000

1000000

1000000

idroff&

ilctmf&

1000000

1000000

fctmas&

fcttim&

fctlen&

fcttem &

incout&

1.0000

1.0000

1.00

1.0

10.30 (DEFINE)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*DEFINE
$ tranid &
2000
*INCLUDE_TRANSFORM
dummy.k
$idnoff
$
$

&

ideoff&

idpoff& idmoff

&

idsoff &

iddoff&

iddoff &

2000000

2000000

2000000

2000000

2000000

2000000

2000000

idroff&

ilctmf&

2000000

2000000

fctmas&

fcttim&

fctlen&

fcttem &

incout&

1.0000

1.0000

1.00

1.0

$ tranid &
3000
*END

LS DYNA Version 960

10.31 (DEFINE)

*DEFINE
*DEFINE_VECTOR

: .

1

VID

XT

YT

ZT

XH

YH

ZH

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

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1.

10.32 (DEFINE)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*DEFINE
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LS DYNA Version 960

10.33 (DEFINE)

*DEFINE
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10.34 (DEFINE)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*DEFINE
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LS DYNA Version 960

10.35 (DEFINE)

*DEFINE
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10.36 (DEFINE)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*DEFORMABLE_TO_RIGID

*DEFORMABLE_TO_RIGID
:
*DEFORMABLE_TO_RIGID
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*DEFORMABLE_TO_RIGID_INERTIA
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,
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LS-DYNA Version 960

11.1 (DEFORMABLE_TO_RIGID)

*DEFORMABLE_TO_RIGID
*DEFORMABLE_TO_RIGID
: ,
.

PID

MRB

PID

MRB

,
, . *PART.
,
. ,
.

11.2 (DEFORMABLE_TO_RIGID)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*DEFORMABLE_TO_RIGID
*DEFORMABLE_TO_RIGID_AUTOMATIC
: ,
- .

1

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CODE

TIME 1

TIME 2

TIME 3

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0.

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R2D

0.

LS-DYNA Version 960

11.3 (DEFORMABLE_TO_RIGID)

*DEFORMABLE_TO_RIGID

SWSET

.
.

CODE

.
.
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11.4 (DEFORMABLE_TO_RIGID)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*DEFORMABLE_TO_RIGID

NRBF

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LS-DYNA Version 960

11.5 (DEFORMABLE_TO_RIGID)

*DEFORMABLE_TO_RIGID
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(PAIRED = 1)
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11.6 (DEFORMABLE_TO_RIGID)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*DEFORMABLE_TO_RIGID
D2R:

PID

MRB

PID

, .
,
.

MRB

R2D:

1

PID

PID

LS-DYNA Version 960

11.7 (DEFORMABLE_TO_RIGID)

*DEFORMABLE_TO_RIGID
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1

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11.8 (DEFORMABLE_TO_RIGID)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*DEFORMABLE_TO_RIGID

PID

, . *PART.

XC

YC

ZC

TM

IXX

Ixx

IXY

Ixy

IXZ

Ixz

IYY

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LS-DYNA Version 960

11.9 (DEFORMABLE_TO_RIGID)

*DEFORMABLE_TO_RIGID

11.10 (DEFORMABLE_TO_RIGID)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*ELEMENT

*ELEMENT
:
*ELEMENT_BEAM_{OPTION}
*ELEMENT_DIRECT_MATRIX_INPUT
*ELEMENT_DISCRETE
*ELEMENT_INERTIA
*ELEMENT_MASS
*ELEMENT_SEATBELT
*ELEMENT_SEATBELT_ACCELEROMETER
*ELEMENT_SEATBELT_PRETENSIONER
*ELEMENT_SEATBELT_RETRACTOR
*ELEMENT_SEATBELT_SENSOR
*ELEMENT_SEATBELT_SLIPRING
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*ELEMENT_SOLID_{OPTION}
*ELEMENT_SPH
*ELEMENT_TRIM
*ELEMENT_TSHELL
.
, .

LS-DYNA Version 960

12.1 (ELEMENT)

*ELEMENT
*ELEMENT_BEAM_{OPTION}
:
<BLANK>
THICKNESS
PID
: ,
, ,
.

(. *PART) (.
*SECTION_BEAM).
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12.2 (ELEMENT)

10

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PID

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N2

N3

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RR1

RT2

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2, 3

2, 3

2, 3

2, 3

2, 3

LOCAL

LS-DYNA Version 960

*ELEMENT
(, THICKNESS)
1

10

PARM1

PARM2

PARM3

PARM4

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(, PID)

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LS-DYNA Version 960

12.3 (ELEMENT)

*ELEMENT

RT1, RT2

N1
:
=0:
,
=1:
x,
=2:
y,
=3:
z,
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RR1, RR2

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,
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PARM2

12.4 (ELEMENT)

1,
1,
1,
1,
1,
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, :
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,
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,

LS-DYNA Version 960

N2

*ELEMENT

=6:
=7:
=8:
=9:

,
s 2,
s 2,
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, :
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PARM5

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,
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,
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LS-DYNA Version 960

12.5 (ELEMENT)

*ELEMENT
:
1.

, N1, N2 N3, r-s


, . . 12.1.

2.

.
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7.

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12.6 (ELEMENT)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*ELEMENT
, .. , ,
, . *CONTROL_OUTOUT.

()
Thethird
third
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Control
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. 12.1.

LS-DYNA. n3
.

LS-DYNA Version 960

12.7 (ELEMENT)

*ELEMENT
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(A80)
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FILENAME

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3

12.8 (ELEMENT)

MASS

DAMP

STIF

LS-DYNA Version 960

*ELEMENT

EID

FILENAME

MASS

, FILENAME.
NASTRAN
.

DAMP

,
FILENAME. NASTRAN
.

STIF

, FILENAME.
NASTRAN
.

LS-DYNA Version 960

12.9 (ELEMENT)

*ELEMENT
*ELEMENT_DISCRETE
: ( )
. , 6, .
*ELEMENT_BEAM SECTION_BEAM, .
.
*ELEMENT_DISCRETE .
: .
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(5I8,E16.0,I8,E16.0)

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N2

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12.10 (ELEMENT)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*ELEMENT

0:
/ ,
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*DEFINE_SD_ORIENTATION.
S

PF

- :
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*DATABASE_OPTION,
=1:
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OFFSET

LS-DYNA Version 960

DEFORC,

, ..
. ,
-
.

12.11 (ELEMENT)

*ELEMENT
*ELEMENT_INERTIA
: .
(10I8)

EID

NID

CSID

10

(8I10)

IXX

IXY

IXZ

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0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

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. .

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. , .

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.
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*DEFINE_COORDINATE_SYSTEM
*DEFINE_COORDINATE_VECTOR.

12.12 (ELEMENT)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*ELEMENT

IXX

XX

IXY

XY

IXZ

XZ

IYY

YY

IYZ

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IZZ

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:
1.


*DEFINE_COORDINATE_NODE.

2.

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,
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LS-DYNA Version 960

12.13 (ELEMENT)

*ELEMENT
*ELEMENT_MASS
: , .
(2I8,E16.0)

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NID

MASS

0.

10

EID

. .

NID

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12.14 (ELEMENT)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*ELEMENT
*ELEMENT_SEATBELT
: .
(5I8,E16.0)

EID

PID

N1

N2

SBRID

SLEN

0.0

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PID

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:
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LS-DYNA Version 960

12.15 (ELEMENT)

*ELEMENT
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: , ,
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1

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NID2

NID3

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.
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12.16 (ELEMENT)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*ELEMENT
*ELEMENT_SEATBELT_PRETENSIONER
: -
( ).

1

SBPRID

SBPRTY

SBSID1

SBSID2

SBSID3

SBSID4

SBRID

TIME

PTLCID

0.0

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SBPRID

.
.

SBPRTY

:
=1:
,
=2:
(
),
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LS-DYNA Version 960

12.17 (ELEMENT)

*ELEMENT

SBSID1

1, *ELEMENT_SEATBELT_SENSOR.

SBSID2

2, *ELEMENT_SEATBELT_SENSOR.

SBSID3

3, *ELEMENT_SEATBELT_SENSOR.

SBSID4

4, *ELEMENT_SEATBELT_SENSOR.

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( SBPRTY = 1)
( SBPRTY = 2 3).

TIME

PTLCID

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:
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12.18 (ELEMENT)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*ELEMENT

1.

2.

, .

3.

LS-DYNA Version 960

12.19 (ELEMENT)

*ELEMENT
*ELEMENT_SEATBELT_RETRACTOR
: (),

1

SBRID

SBRNID

SBID

SID1

SID2

SID3

SID4

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ULCID

LFED

0.0

0.0

0.0

SBRID

SBRNID

SBID

SID1

12.20 (ELEMENT)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*ELEMENT
VARIABLE

DESCRIPTION

SID2

SID3

SID4

TDEL

PULL

LLCID

, . . 12.3.

ULCID

, . . 12.3.

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:
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LS-DYNA Version 960

12.21 (ELEMENT)

*ELEMENT
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()

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.
e2, e3 e4 ,
, e1. e1
Lcrit,
Lcrit = - 1.1 ,

12.22 (ELEMENT)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*ELEMENT
( )
( )

e2 , , (1.1
); e1
. e1 ; e2
, e1. ,
e2.
, e2
, .
(, )
, ,

, .
, ,
( ) - e1 . 11.2,
4- , , ,
()
, ,
. ;
, ,
, .
, , .

,
. , ,
.
(e2, e3 e4 ),
,
.
. (1.1
); ,
.

, . . 12.3.
( ).

LS-DYNA Version 960

12.23 (ELEMENT)

*ELEMENT

Before

11
Element

11
Element

Element 2
2
3

Element 3
22
Element

4 4
Element

After

Element

3 3
Element

4 4

All nodes
this
area are

within

coincident.

. 12.2. .

12.24 (ELEMENT)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*ELEMENT


with
weblockers

without
weblockers

F
O
R
C
E

PULLOUT

. 12.3. .

LS-DYNA Version 960

12.25 (ELEMENT)

*ELEMENT
*ELEMENT_SEATBELT_SENSOR
: . , . .

1

SBSID

SBSTYP

SBSFL

, SBSTYP=1
1

NID

DOF

ACC

ATIME

0.0

0.0

12.26 (ELEMENT)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*ELEMENT
, SBSTYP=2
1

SBRID

PULRAT

PULTIM

0.0

0.0

, SBSTYP=3
1

0.0

, SBSTYP=4
1

NID1

NID2

DMX

DMN

0.0

0.0

LS-DYNA Version 960

12.27 (ELEMENT)

*ELEMENT

SBSID

. .

SBSTYP

:
=1:
,
=2:
,
=3:
,
=4:
.

SBSFL

- :
=0:
,
=1:

.

NID

DOF

:
=1:
x,
=2:
y,
=3:
z.

ACC

ATIME

SBRID

, .
*ELEMENT_SEATBELT_RETRACTOR.

PULRAT
PULTIM

TIME

( /)
,
,

NID1

NID2

DMX

DMN

:
1.

,
.

12.28 (ELEMENT)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*ELEMENT
2.

, d > dmax d < dmin .


()
.

,
:
1
,
x, y, z
. .
2
,
,.
3

4
,

.

- .
.

.
-
.

LS-DYNA Version 960

12.29 (ELEMENT)

*ELEMENT
*ELEMENT_SEATBELT_SLIPRING
: -

1

SBSRID

SBID1

SBID2

FC

SBRNID

0.0

SBSRID

-. .
1

SBID2

SBRNID

SBID1

FC


-, NID

:
1 2 , -.
- .
-
. 1 2 . 12.4 -.
B, , -,
( ) 1 2
.
1 2.
1 2 m.
T1 T2, T2 - ,
T1 . , T2
T1, ; T2
T1 emQ. ,
.

12.30 (ELEMENT)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*ELEMENT
B
-.

-; B


(
), :
- (. . 12.4).
(1.1 ). e2 e3
; e1
e2.
e3 e1.
, -.

-,


, -, -.
,
, , . - ,
,
, .

-
Slipring

Element 2

3 1
Element

Element 1
3

Element 3
2

Element 2

3 3
Element

Before

After

. 12.4. , -.

LS-DYNA Version 960

12.31 (ELEMENT)

*ELEMENT
*ELEMENT_SHELL_{OPTION}
:
<BLANK>
THICKNESS
BETA
:
3 4- , ,
, ,
.
(. *PART) (. *SECTION_SHELL).
, , , ,
.
( PSI),
,
*SECTION_SHELL.
(10I8)

EID

PID

N1

N2

N3

N4

12.32 (ELEMENT)

10

LS-DYNA Version 960

*ELEMENT
(, THICKNESS BETA
) (5E16.0)
1

10

THIC1

THIC2

THIC3

THIC4

PSI

0.

0.

0.

0.

0.

EID

. ,
.

PID

, . *PART.

N1

N2

N3

N4

THIC1

THIC2

THIC3

THIC4

PSI

,
( 1-2), . 6 .
.

:
1.

PID, .
*SECTION_SHELL.

LS-DYNA Version 960

12.33 (ELEMENT)

*ELEMENT
2.

PSI .

3.

,
. . 12.5.

4.


. -
.

5.

180 .

6.


- ,
,
. (
)
. y,
1-2.
. 12.6 12.7.
n1

n2

n1
n4

n3

n2

. 12.5.

12.34 (ELEMENT)

n3

LS-DYNA.
.

LS-DYNA Version 960

*ELEMENT
n4
c
b

n1
. 12.6

n3
a

n2


1-2.

q = y+b
z

x
. 12.7. . bi i ( ), . *SECTION_SHELL.

LS-DYNA Version 960

12.35 (ELEMENT)

*ELEMENT
*ELEMENT_SOLID_{OPTION}
:
<BLANK>
ORTHO
: , 4-
8- .
(. *PART) (.
*SECTION_SOLID_OPTION). , ORTHO
.
(10I8)
1

10

EID

PID

N1

N2

N3

N4

N5

N6

N7

N8

(, ORTHO)
1

A1

A2

A3

0.

0.

0.

12.36 (ELEMENT)

10

LS-DYNA Version 960

*ELEMENT

D1

D2

D3

0.

0.

0.

10

EID

. .

PID

, . *PART.

N1

N2

N3

N8

A1

a x
(. 4)

A2

a y

A3

a z

D1

x a b

D2

y a b

D3

z a b

LS-DYNA Version 960

12.37 (ELEMENT)

*ELEMENT
:
1.

-, - . 12.8,
. ,
.

:
4- N1, N2, N3, N4, N4, N4, N4, N4
N1, N2, N3, N4, N5, N5, N6, N6

6-


,
.
( 4 ,
1-3),
. -

*CONTROL_SOLID
, 10 15
.
2.


.
(. . 12.9):
c = a d and b = c a .
~

LS-DYNA.
3.

4.

d , A1
, AOPT=3

, , , *MAT_OPTION
TROPIC_ELASTIC.

12.38 (ELEMENT)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*ELEMENT


solids

8
2
1

3
4

5
1

4-node n 1 n 2
4-

n3

n4

n4

n4

n4

n4

6-node n 1 n 2
6-

n3

n4

n5

n5

n6

n6

. 12.8. , . 1-4
.

LS-DYNA Version 960

12.39 (ELEMENT)

*ELEMENT

. 12.9.

12.40 (ELEMENT)

a d, . b
d .

LS-DYNA Version 960

*ELEMENT
*ELEMENT_SPH
: , .
(2I8,E16.0)

NID

PID

MASS

0.

10

NID

- SPH
.

PID

, ( )

MASS

LS-DYNA Version 960

12.41 (ELEMENT)

*ELEMENT
*ELEMENT_TRIM
: , ,
*DEFINE_CURVE_TRIM.

1

10

PSID

1, 2, 3

PSID

, . *SET_PART.

:
1.

*DEFINE_CURVE_TRIM
.

2.

, *DEFINE_CURVE_TRIM,
.

3.

(*ELEMENT_TRIM + *DEFINE_CURVE_TRIM)
.
*DEFINE_CURVE_TRIM
.
.
*INTERFACE_SPRINGBACK.

12.42 (ELEMENT)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*ELEMENT
*ELEMENT_TSHELL
: 8- ,
.

4 .

. *PART
*SECTION_TSHELL.
.
(10I8)

10

EID

PID

N1

N2

N3

N4

N5

N6

N7

N8

EID

. .

PID

, . *PART.

N1

N2

N3

N8

LS-DYNA Version 960

12.43 (ELEMENT)

*ELEMENT
:
1.


. n1- n4 , n5 - n8
. (.
*SECTION_TSHELL), t,
. 12.10.
2 2.
.

2.

3.


n3 n4, n7 n8. : n1, n2, n3, n3, n4, n5, n6, n6,
n1, n2, n3 , n4, n5, n6 .
t
n5

n8

n4

n1

n6

n2

n7

n3

. 12.10. 8-

12.44 (ELEMENT)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*EOS

*EOS
LS-DYNA .

, .
,
.

1:

*EOS_LINEAR_POLYNOMIAL

2:

*EOS_JWL

3:

*EOS_SACK_TUESDAY

4:

*EOS_GRUNEISEN

5:

*EOS_RATIO_OF_POLYNOMIALS

6:

*EOS_LINEAR_POLYNOMIAL_WITH_ENERGY_LEAK

7:

*EOS_IGNITION_AND_GROWTH_OF_REACTION_IN_HE

8:

*EOS_TABULATED_COMPACTION

9:

*EOS_TABULATED

10:

*EOS_PROPELLANT_DEFLAGRATION

11:

*EOS_TENSOR_PORE_COLLAPSE

14:

*EOS_JWLB

_TITLE *EOS.
,
80a, .
LS-DYNA title,
.

LS-DYNA Version 960

13.1 (EOS)

*EOS
*EOS_LINEAR_POLYNOMIAL

: .

1

EOSID

C0

C1

C2

C3

C4

C5

C6

E0

V0

EOSID

C0
C1
C2
C3
C4
C5
C6
E0

V0

13.2 (EOS)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*EOS
:

P = C 0 + C1m + C 2 m 2 + C3 m 3 + ( C 4 + C5 m + C6 m 2 ) E ,
C2m2 C6m2 ,
r
r
m < 0, m =
- 1,
.
r0
r0


-.
:
C0 = C1 = C2 = C3 = C6 = 0

C4 = C5 = g -1 ,

- . :
p = (g - 1)

r
E.
r0

E .

LS-DYNA Version 960

13.3 (EOS)

*EOS
*EOS_JWL
2.

EOSID

EOSID

R1

R2

OMEG

E0

VO

A
B
R1
R2
OMEG
E0
V0

:
JWL

w -R 1V
w -R 2 V w E
p = A 1 e
,
+ B 1 +

R
V
R
V
V
1
2

13.4 (EOS)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*EOS
*EOS_SACK_TUESDAY
3.

EOSID

A1

A2

A3

B1

B2

E0

V0

EOSID

A1
A2
A3
B1
B2

E0

V0

:
:
p=

B 1 B2
A3 - A2 V
e
E,
1 +
A1
V
V
V

LS-DYNA Version 960

13.5 (EOS)

*EOS
*EOS_GRUNEISEN
4.

EOSID

S1

S2

S3

GAMAO

E0

V0

EOSID

C
S1
S2
S3
GAMAO
A
E0

V0

13.6 (EOS)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*EOS
:
:
p=

1 - ( S - 1) m - S
1
2

m2
m+ 1

r 0 C 2 m 1 + 1 - g20 m - a2 m 2

- S3

m3

(m +

2
1)

+ (g 0 + am ) E ,

p = r 0 C 2 m + (g 0 + am ) E ,
C - vs-vp; S1, S2 S3 - vs-vp;
r
g0 - ; a g0; m = - 1.
r0

LS-DYNA Version 960

13.7 (EOS)

*EOS
*EOS_RATIO_OF_POLYNOMIALS

5.
(I10) 1, (4E20.0) .
1

EOSID

A10

A11

A12

A13

A20

A21

A22

A23

A30

A31

A32

A33

A40

A41

A42

A43

13.8 (EOS)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*EOS

A50

A51

A52

A53

A60

A61

A62

A63

A70

A71

A72

A73

A14

A24

10

ALPH

BETA

E0

V0

LS-DYNA Version 960

13.9 (EOS)

*EOS

EOSID

A10
A11
A12
A13
A20
A21
A22
A23
A30
A31
A32
A33
A40
A41
A42
A43
A50
A51
A52
A53
A60
A61
A62
A63
A70

13.10 (EOS)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*EOS

A71
A72
A73
A14
A24
ALPHA

BETA

E0

V0

p=

F1 + F2 E + F3 E 2 + F4 E 3
(1 + am ) ,
F5 + F6 E + F7 E 2

Fi = A ij m j n = 4ifi < 3
j= 0

m=

r
- 1n = 3ifi 3
r0

F1 F1 = F1 + b m2.
A10 = 1.0 - .
0.0 .

LS-DYNA Version 960

13.11 (EOS)

*EOS
*EOS_LINEAR_POLYNOMIAL_WITH_ENERGY_LEAK

1

EOSID

C0

C1

C2

C3

C4

C5

C6

E0

V0

LCID

EOSID

C0
C1
C2
C3
C4
C5
C6
E0

V0

LCID

13.12 (EOS)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*EOS
:

, ,
, E ,
p = C0 + C1m + C2 m 2 + C3 m 3 + ( C4 + C5 m + C6 m 2 ) E ,

C0 , C1 , C2 , C3 , C4 , C5 ,

C6

- , ,
m=

1
-1 ,
V

V - . m2
, ..
C2 = C6 = 0 .

E
, .

LS-DYNA Version 960

13.13 (EOS)

*EOS
*EOS_IGNITION_AND_GROWTH_OF_REACTION_IN_HE

1

EOSID

XP1

XP2

FRER

R1

R2

R3

R5

R6

FMXIG

FREQ

GROW1

EM

AR1

ES1

CVP

CVR

EETAL

CCRIT

ENQ

TMP0

GROW2

AR2

ES2

EN

FMXGR

FMNGR

EOSID

A
B
XP1

13.14 (EOS)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*EOS

XP2
FRER
G
R1
R2
R3
R5
R6
FMXIG
FREQ
GROW1
EM
AR1
ES1
CVP

CVR

EETAL
CCRIT
ENQ

TMP0

(K)

GROW2
AR2
ES2
EN
FMXGR
FMNGR

LS-DYNA Version 960

13.15 (EOS)

*EOS
:

7 (
)
(). ,
, ,
()
. (<2-3 a)
10
.
9. JWL
:
Pe = r1e - r5Ve + r2 e - r 6Ve + r3

Te
( r3 = w e cvr ) ,
Ve

Ve Te -
. JWL

Pp = ae - xp1Vp + be - xp2Vp +

gTp
( g = w pc vp ) ,
Vp

Vp Tp - .

, JWL
, F,
(F=0 , ; F=1
). (Te=Tp,
p=p), , ..,
V = (1-F) Ve + Vp.

: ,
, ;

.
eetal
F
frer
= freq (1 - F ) ( Ve -1 - 1 - ccrit )
t

+ grow1(1 - F ) Farl p em
esl

+ grow 2 (1 - F )

13.16 (EOS)

es 2

Far 2 p en

()
()
()

LS-DYNA Version 960

*EOS
, Ffmxig, ,
Ffmxgr, , Ffmngr.
, -
, .
,

: PBX-9504 ( , HMX, LX14,LX-10,LX-04 .) LX-17 ( TATB).
(TNT, PETN, B, ..),
.
85 89 -
. *DATABASE_EXTENT_BINARY,

.

LS-DYNA Version 960

13.17 (EOS)

*EOS
*EOS_TABULATED_COMPACTION

1

EOSID

GAMA

E0

V0

(5E16.0)
2

EV1

EV2

EV3

EV4

EV5

EV6

EV7

EV8

EV9

EV10

2 3 Ci, Ti Ki .
9 .

EOSID
eV1,eV2,..eVN


ln V

C1,C2,..CN
T1,T2,..TN
K1,K2,..KN
GAMA

E0

V0

13.18 (EOS)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*EOS
:

T .

p = C(e V ) +g T(e V )E .

eV .
,
.
, ,
, . . 13.1.
10 ( , 2 ). LSDYNA .

pressure

The bulk
unloading


modulus
is a function

of volumetic strain
strain
Volumetric

tension
cutoff

. 13.1.
8 .
.

LS-DYNA Version 960

13.19 (EOS)

*EOS
*EOS_TABULATED

9.

1

EOSID

GAMA

E0

VO

(5E16.0)
2

EV1

EV2

EV3

EV4

EV5

EV6

EV7

EV8

EV9

EV10

2 3 Ci Ti. 7
.

EOSID
eV1,eV2,..eVN


ln V

C1,C2,..CN
T1,T2,..TN

13.20 (EOS)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*EOS

GAMA

E0

V0

T .

P = C (eV) + g T(eV) E.
eV .
10 ( , 2 ).
LS-DYNA .

LS-DYNA Version 960

13.21 (EOS)

*EOS
*EOS_PROPELLANT_DEFLAGRATION

( 10)
.

EOSID

XP1

XP2

FRER

R1

R2

R3

R5

R6

FMXIG

FREQ

GROW1

EM

AR1

ES1

CVP

CVR

EETAL

GROW2

AR2

ES2

EN

FMXGR

FMNGR

ENQ

TMP0

CCRIT

13.22 (EOS)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*EOS

JWL

JWL

XP1

JWL

XP2

JWL

FRER

wCv

R1

JWL

R2

JWL

R3

wCv

R5

JWL

R6

JWL

FMXIG
FREQ
GROW1

Fo
Po

EM

AR1

ES1

(1-F)

CVP

CVR

EETAL

CCRIT

ENQ

TMP0

(298K)

GROW2

LS-DYNA Version 960

13.23 (EOS)

*EOS

AR2

ES2

(1-F)

EN

FMXGR

FMNGR

:
, ,
( ) .
[28] , ,
.
,
.


.

: JWL, , --
.
. , ,
,
-- .
,
, .
,
.

-,
.
(ICI) , ,
, ,
, NaN3 +
Fe2O3. , ICI [59].
:
p = A e - R1 V + Be - R 2 V +

w CvT
,
V -d

p ( M), V - (
), w - , Cv - ( M c3/K),

13.24 (EOS)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*EOS

T K, d - A, B, R1 R2 - . A=B=0.0
-- . JWL
, - ,
. , A=B=d=0
.
w Cv
,
,

,
:

F
y
u
= Z (1 - F ) Fx p w + V (1 - F ) Frps ,
t
for 0< F < Flimit1
forFlimit 2 < F < 1
F ( F = 0 ,
, F = 1 - ), t p - ( M), r, s, u, w, x, y, Flimit1
Flimit2 ,
. ( )
,
.
(1-F)y Fx .
,
e-E/RT, .

,
,
, , .

.
. ,
.
, . ,
,
. ,
,
.

,
,
.
. ,

LS-DYNA Version 960

13.25 (EOS)

*EOS
,
, .
, ,

Pu = R1 e - R 5 Vu + R2 e -R 6 Vu +

R3 Tu
,
Vu - FRER

Vu Tu -
.
, ,

. Pp
Pp = A e

- XP1Vp

+ Be

- XP 2 Vp

G Tp
.
Vp - CCRIT

, ,
(Tu = Tp = T, p = Pu = Pp),

V = (1 - F) Vu + F Vp ,

V - .
DYNA2D/3D.

F
EM
AR1
ES1
= GROW1( P + FREQ ) ( F + FMXIG ) (1 - F + FMXIG )
t
+ GROW2 ( P + FREQ )

EN

( F + FMXIG )

AR 2

(1 - F + FMXIG )

ES2

F FMXGR, GROW1 ,
F FMNGR, GROW2 . ,
, , (
) .

.
( 10). 10
,
.

.
,

, .
ENQ F,
.

13.26 (EOS)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*EOS
*EOS_TENSOR_PORE_COLLAPSE

11.

1

EOSID

NLD

NCR

MU1

MU2

IE0

EC0

2, 3, .. , , ECCi PCi.

EOSID

NLD

NCR

MU1

MU2

,
,

IE0

EC0

, TENSOR [30],
. -
, .
TENSOR DYNA,
. TENSOR :
, .
13.2. , (m1),
, (m2).
(mmax)
(m).

LS-DYNA Version 960

13.27 (EOS)

*EOS
1.0

.8

.6

Virgin
loading

curve

.4

Completely

crushed

curve

.2
10

Partially

crushed

curve

0
0 m

.04

.08

.12

.16

.20

m2

Excess Compression

. 13.2. .

, m1.
, ,
.
. m2,
, .
m1 m2
,
(1 + m B )(1 + m )
p pc ( m ) = p cc
- 1 ,
1 + m max

m B = Pcc -1 (P max ),
pc cc .

13.28 (EOS)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*EOS


V=

1
1+ m ,

Ppc (V ) = Pcc B V .
Vmin

1
,
V min =
m max + 1

, ,
, V
.
K ,
:
P
K=
(1 + m ) .
m

P
:
m
(1 + m B )(1 + m )
Pcc
(1 + m B )
(1m max )
P

=
.
m
m (1 + m max )


K=

ma =

Pcc ( m a )
m

(1 + m a ) ,

(1 + m B ) (1 + m )

(1 + m )

- 1.

max

,
, .

.
.
.

LS-DYNA Version 960

13.29 (EOS)

*EOS
*EOS_JWLB

14. JWLB, [57]


[58], ,
, , ,
,
. JWL


.

-.

1

EOSID

A1

A2

A3

A4

A5

R1

R2

R3

R4

R5

AL1

AL2

AL3

AL4

AL5

BL1

BL2

BL3

BL4

BL5

13.30 (EOS)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*EOS

RL1

RL2

RL3

RL4

RL5

OMEGA

V0

EOSID

A1

, . .

A2

, . .

A3

, . .

A4

, . .

A5

, . .

R1

, . .

R2

, . .

R3

, . .

R4

, . .

R5

, . .

AL1

Al1 , . .

AL2

Al2 , . .

AL3

Al3 , . .

AL4

Al4 , .

LS-DYNA Version 960

13.31 (EOS)

*EOS
VARIABLE

DESCRIPTION

AL5

Al5 , . .

BL1

Bl1 , . .

BL2

Bl2 , .

BL3

Bl3 , . .

BL4

Bl4 , . .

BL5

Bl5 , . .

RL1

Rl1 , . .

RL2

Rl2 , . .

RL3

Rl3 , . .

RL4

Rl4 , . .

RL5

Rl5 , . .

, . .

OMEGA

, . .

E
V0

JWLB :
5

l - RiV l E
l - w+
+
+ C 1 - V ( 1)
p = Ai 1 e
V
w
i =1
RiV
5

l = A i ( A l i V + Bl i ) e - R l i V + w
i =1

V , E , Ai , Ri , Ali , Bli , Rli , C


w - , .

13.32 (EOS)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*EOS
, JWLB
[59], .
3

r0, /
E0,
DCJ, /
PCJ,
A1,
A2,
A3,
A4,
R1
R2
R3
R4
C,
w
Al1
Bl1
Rl1
Al2
Bl2
Rl2

TATB
1.800
.07040
.76794
.23740
550.06
22.051
.42788
.28094
16.688
6.8050
2.0737
2.9754
.00776
.27952
1423.9
14387.
19.780
5.0364
-2.6332
1.7062

LS-DYNA Version 960

LX-14
1.821
.10205
.86619
.31717
549.60
64.066
2.0972
.88940
34.636
8.2176
20.401
2.0616
.01251
.38375
18307.
1390.1
19.309
4.4882
-2.6181
1.5076

PETN
1.765
.10910
.83041
.29076
521.96
71.104
4.4774
.97725
44.169
8.7877
25.072
2.2251
.01570
.32357
12.257
52.404
43.932
8.6351
-4.9176
2.1303

TNT
1.631
.06656
.67174
.18503
490.07
56.868
.82426
.00093
40.713
9.6754
2.4350
.15564
.00710
.30270
.00000
1098.0
15.614
11.468
-6.5011
2.1593

Octol 70/30
1.803
.09590
.82994
.29369
526.83
60.579
.91248
.00159
52.106
8.3998
2.1339
.18592
.00968
.39023
.011929
18466.
20.029
5.4192
-3.2394
1.5868

13.33 (EOS)

*EOS

13.34 (EOS)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*HOURGLASS

*HOURGLASS
*HOURGLASS

: .
*PART
.
_TITLE ()
*HOURGLASS. ,
80a, .
LS-DYNA title.
.

1

HGID

IHQ

QM

IBQ

Q2

Q1

QB

QW

.10

1.5

0.06

QM

QM

2, 4

________________________________________________________________

HGID

.
.

IHQ

.
.


, .. 1-3 ,
4-6 .
=0:
1,
=1:
LS-DYNA
,
=2:
-,
=3:
-

,

LS-DYNA Version 960

14.1(HOURGLASS)

*HOURGLASS

________________________________________________________________

=4:
-,
=5:
-
,
=6:
- [56]


.
. 6
.
=8:
,
16. IHQ=8,
.
20%.


.
QM

. QM,

0.15 ( IHQ<6)
.
.
, ,
.
QM
, - QB,
QW.
, QM=QB=QW
. 6 QM=1.0
, ,
. 6 0.001-0.01
.

IBQ

(. 3 .):
=1:
LS-DYNA

Q2

Q1

QB

.
QB=QM. . 4 .

QW

.
QB=QW.

14.2(HOURGLASS)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*HOURGLASS

:
1.


.
,
.
.

2.


0.05

3.


. ,
, ,
, .
,
,
, .
.

4.

-- -
.
,
, , ,
.
, ,
LS-DYNA.
tI :

t I = h I - ( h J x aJ ) BaI ,
xaJ - I- ,
-,

BaI

+1
-1
h=
+1
-1

- .. , ,
.
2, , xaI = (x1I , x2I ) = (xI , yI ) .

:

LS-DYNA Version 960

14.3(HOURGLASS)

*HOURGLASS

q& aM = t I ua I

q& aB = t Iqa I
q& 3W = t I uzI .

M, B W ,
.

& M = QM EtA B B q& M
Q
a
bI
bI
a
8
3
& B = QB Et A B B q& B
Q
a
bI bI a
192
3
& W = QW kGt A B B q&
Q
3
bI bI
12

B
3

t . QM, QB QW
0.05 0.10.
, , ,
Dt , , :
&
Qn +1 = Qn + Dt Q

- :
f

H
aI

= t I Q aM

aHI = t I Q aB
m

f 3IH = t I Q 3W
H , ,
.

14.4(HOURGLASS)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*INCLUDE

*INCLUDE
: ,
.
*INCLUDE.
*INCLUDE_{OPTION}
*INCLUDE , :
*INCLUDE_STAMPED_PART
*INCLUDE_TRANSFORM
STAMPED_PART

, ( -).
:
1. ,
,
, .
2. - .
3. .
4.
.
.
5. .
6. .
.
7. ,
,
.
TRANSFORM ,
, .

LS-DYNA Version 960

15.1 (INCLUDE)

*INCLUDE
. .
1

FILENAME

STAMPED_PART, .
STAMPED_PART.
2

PID

THICK

PSTRN

STRAIN

N1S

N2S

N3S

N1C

N2C

N3C

TRANSFORM, .
TRANSFORM.
2

15.2 (INCLUDE)

IDNOFF

IDEOFF

IDPOFF

IDMOFF

IDSOFF

IDFOFF

IDDOFF

LS-DYNA Version 960

*INCLUDE

IDROFF

FCTMAS

FCTTIM

FCTLEN

FCTTEM

INCOUT

TRANID

FILENAME

,
, 80 .
STAMPED_PART, DYNAIN,
.

PID

,
.

THICK

:
=0:
,
=1:
.

PSTRN

:
=0:
,
=1:
.

LS-DYNA Version 960

15.3 (INCLUDE)

*INCLUDE

STRAIN

:
=0:
,
=1:
.

N1S

N2S

N3S

N1C

, ,

N2C

, ,

N3C

, ,

IDNOFF

IDEOFF

IDPOFF

IDMOFF

IDSOFF

IDFOFF

IDDOFF

,
*DEFINE, FUNCTION

IDROFF

FCTMAS

. ,
FCTMAS=1000,
,

15.4 (INCLUDE)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*INCLUDE

FCTTIM

. , FCTTIM=0.001,
,
.

FCTLEN

FCTTEM

:
, ,
, , ..

INCOUT

1 DYNA.INC,
.

,
.

TRANID

,
.
. *DEFINE_TRANSFORMATION.

0,

:
,
.
, ..
, .
:
*TITLE
full car model
*INCLUDE
carfront.k
*INCLUDE
carback.k
*INCLUDE
occupantcompartment.k
*INCLUDE
dummy.k
*INCLUDE
bag.k
*CONTACT

*END

, *END.
carfront.k rightrail.k, leftrail.k, battery.k,
wheel-house.k, shotgun.k, ... *.k , ,
, , ..

LS-DYNA Version 960

15.5 (INCLUDE)

*INCLUDE

*INCLUDE
rightrail.k
*INCLUDE
leftrail.k
*INCLUDE
battery.k
*INCLUDE
wheelhouse.k
*INCLUDE
shotgun.k

*END

TRANSFORM ,
.

15.6 (INCLUDE)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*INITIAL

*INITIAL
*INITIAL ()
.
:
*INITIAL_CFD ( )
*INITIAL_DETONATION ( )
*INITIAL_FOAM_REFERENCE_GEOMETRY ( )
*INITIAL_MOMENTUM ( )
*INITIAL_STRAIN_SHELL ( )
*INITIAL_STRESS_BEAM ( )
*INITIAL_STRESS_SHELL ( )
*INITIAL_STRESS_SOLID ( )
*INITIAL_TEMPERATURE_OPTION ( )
*INITIAL_VEHICLE_KINEMATICS ( )
,
. :
*INITIAL_VELOCITY ( )
*INITIAL_VELOCITY_NODE ( )
:
*INITIAL_VELOCITY_GENERATION ( )
.. .
.
*INITIAL_VOID_OPTION
*INITIAL_VOLUME_FRACTION ( )

LS-DYNA Version 960

16.1 (INITIAL)

*INITIAL

*INITIAL_CFD
:
(CFD).
( 3)
1

RHO

Z1

Z2

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

( 3)
2

Z3

Z4

Z5

Z6

Z7

Z8

Z9

Z10

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

16.2 (INITIAL)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*INITIAL

( 3)
3

EPS

0.0

0.0

RHO

Z1

Z2

...
Z10
K
EPS

LS-DYNA Version 960

10

16.3 (INITIAL)

*INITIAL

*INITIAL_DETONATION
:
, ( 8): *MAT_HIGH_EXPLOSIVE_BURN. .
*CONTROL_EXPLOSIVE_ SHADOW.

1

PID

LT

0.

0.

0.

0.

, , PID=-1.
2

PEAK

DECAY

XS

YS

ZS

NID

PID

, .
*PART. :
= -1: , . *BOUNDARY_USA_SURFACE,
= 0: .

x , . . 16.1.

16.4 (INITIAL)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*INITIAL

.
.

LT

po , .

PEAK

, t

DECAY
XS

x , . . 16.1.

YS

ZS

NID

:
(.. ) .
*CONTROL_EXPLOSIVE_SHADOW ,

Ld , D
t d :
L
tL = td + d .
D
, ,
,
,
.
*CONTROL_EXPLOSIVE_SHADOW,
, ,
.
, , ,
. ,
, .
,
. .
:
1.

, ,
, .. .

2.

(,
) ,
.

LS-DYNA Version 960

16.5 (INITIAL)

*INITIAL

.
,
, .
3.

,
. ,
.

4.


LS-POST. t=0., 1,
7 (,
) .
. ,
.


, . ,
.

:
-

p ( t ) = po e t .

16.6 (INITIAL)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*INITIAL

,
t=0.

1 .

,

. 16.1.
. LS-DYNA
, .
, . *SECTION_SOLID.

LS-DYNA Version 960

16.7 (INITIAL)

*INITIAL

*INITIAL_FOAM_REFERENCE_GEOMETRY
: ,
*MAT_LOW_DENSITY_FOAM. ,
.
:
Fij =

xi
Xj

X j .
,
.
(I8,3E16.0)
1,...

NID

0.

0.

0.

10

NID

16.8 (INITIAL)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*INITIAL

*INITIAL_MOMENTUM
: , .
.

EID

MX

MY

MZ

DEPT

0.

0.

0.

0,

MX

MY

MZ

LS-DYNA Version 960

EID

DEPT

16.9 (INITIAL)

*INITIAL

*INITIAL_STRAIN_SHELL
:
.
, .
.
.

. ,
. STRFLG
*DATABASE_EXTENT_BINARY .

1

EID

: , - .
2,...

EID
EPSij

16.10 (INITIAL)

EPSxx

EPSyy

EPSzz

EPSxy

EPSyz

EPSzx


ij .
.

LS-DYNA Version 960

*INITIAL

*INITIAL_STRESS_BEAM
: -
(Hughes-Liu).
.
.

1

EID

RULE

NPTS

NTPS , .
2,...

SIG11

SIG22

SIG33

SIG12

SIG23

SIG31

EPS

EID

RULE

:
= 1.0: ,
= 2.0: 2 2 ( ),
= 3.0: 3 3,
= 4.0: 3 3,
= 5.0: 4 4.

NPTS

SIGIJ

IJ

EPS

LS-DYNA Version 960

16.11 (INITIAL)

*INITIAL

*INITIAL_STRESS_SHELL
: .
.
.
, .
LS-DYNA3D.

1

EID

NPLANE

NTHICK

NPLANE * NTHICK , .
NPLANE . NPLANE
1 4, 1 4 .
4 , ,
:

3
3
3 3 3
3 3
,,,
,
,

,
,
.
3
3 3 3
3
3
3 3

2,...

SIGxx

SIGyy

SIGzz

SIGxy

SIGyz

SIGzx

EPS

16.12 (INITIAL)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*INITIAL

EID

NPLANE

NTHICK

,
-1 1

SIGij

ij .
.

EPS

LS-DYNA Version 960

16.13 (INITIAL)

*INITIAL

*INITIAL_STRESS_SOLID
: .
.
. 1-
LS-DYNA 8 , .

1

EID

NINT

NINT , . NINT
1 8. 8 ,
, :

3
3
3 3
3
3
,,,, ,
,
3
3 3
3
3
3

3
3 3
,,
,
3
3
3

2,...

16.14 (INITIAL)

3
3 3
,,

,
3
3
3

3 3
3
,
,
,
3
3 3

3 3
3
,
, ,
3
3 3

3 3 3
,
,

,
3
3
3

3 3 3
,
,
.
3
3
3

SIG11

SIG22

SIG33

SIG12

SIG23

SIG31

EPS

LS-DYNA Version 960

*INITIAL

EID

NINT

, 1 8

SIGIJ

IJ

EPS

LS-DYNA Version 960

16.15 (INITIAL)

*INITIAL

*INITIAL_TEMPERATURE_OPTION
:
NODE ()
SET ()
:
.
. . *CONTROL_THERMAL_SOLVER,
*CONTROL_THERMAL_TIMESTEP CONTROL_ THERMAL_NONLINEAR.

*LOAD_THERMAL_.

NSID/NID

TEMP

0.

NSID/NID

TEMP

, .
*SET_NODES:
= 0: ( )

:
1.

, ,
, -
*INITIAL_TEMPERATURE_NODE.

16.16 (INITIAL)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*INITIAL

*INITIAL_VEHICLE_KINEMATICS
: .
, .
.

1

GRAV

PSID

XO

YO

ZO

XF

YF

ZF

0.

0.

0.

0.

0.

0.

VX

VY

VZ

AAXIS

BAXIS

CAXIS

0.

0.

0.

AANG

BANG

CANG

WA

WB

WC

0.

0.

0.

0.

0.

0.

LS-DYNA Version 960

16.17 (INITIAL)

*INITIAL

GRAV

PSID

:
= 1:
+x ,
= -1:
-x ,
= 2:
+y ,
= -2:
-y ,
= 3:
+z ,
= -3:
-z .
: ,
.

XO

YO

ZO

XF

YF

ZF

VX

VY

VZ

AAXIS


= 1: x
= 2: y
= 3: z

BAXIS

CAXIS

AANG

( )

BANG

( )

CANG

( )

WA

16.18 (INITIAL)

(/)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*INITIAL

WB

(/)

WC

(/)

. 16.1.


, . ..
, AAXIS=3, BAXIS=1 CAXIS=2.
GRAV=-3.

LS-DYNA Version 960

16.19 (INITIAL)

*INITIAL

*INITIAL_VELOCITY
:
. ,
. . NSIDEX .

1

NSID

NSIDEX

BOXID

0.

0.

VX

VY

VZ

VXR

VYR

VZR

0.

0.

0.

0.

0.

0.

, NSIDEX>0.
1

VXE

VYE

VZE

VXRE

VYRE

VZRE

0.

0.

0.

0.

0.

0.

16.20 (INITIAL)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*INITIAL

NSID

(. *SET_NODES),

NSIDEX

, . *SET_NODES, ,
( ).

BOXID

,
NSID, .
.
, VXE, VYE VZE (. ),
.

VX

VY

VZ

VXR

VYR

VZR

VXE

VYE

VZE

VXRE

VYRE

VZRE

:
1.

*INITIAL_VELOCITY_GENERATION.

2.

*INITIAL_VELOCITY_NODE, .

LS-DYNA Version 960

16.21 (INITIAL)

*INITIAL

3.

,
, *PART_INERTIA.

4.

, ,
.

.
.
, .

16.22 (INITIAL)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*INITIAL

*INITIAL_VELOCITY_NODE
: .

NID

VX

VY

VZ

VXR

VYR

VZR

0.

0.

0.

0.

0.

0.

NID

VX

VY

VZ

VXR

VYR

VZR

. *INITIAL_VELOCITY.

LS-DYNA Version 960

16.23 (INITIAL)

*INITIAL

*INITIAL_VELOCITY_GENERATION
: ,
. :
PHASE=1,
,
.
.

1

ID

STYP

OMEGA

VX

VY

VZ

0.

0.

0.

0.

XC

YC

ZC

NX

0.

0.

0.

ID

NY

NZ

PHASE

0.

0.

0.

,
. , STYP ,
.

STYP

:
= 1: , . *SET_PART,
= 2: , . *PART,
= 3: , . *SET_NODE.

OMEGA

VX

16.24 (INITIAL)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*INITIAL

VY

VZ

XC

YC

ZC

NX

NY

NZ

PHASE

-, , :
= 0: ,
= 1: .

:
1.

*INITIAL_VELOCITY
*INITIAL_VELOCITY_NODE.

2.

,
*INITIAL_VELOCITY_GENERATION.
*INITIAL_VELOCITY_GENERATION .

3.

,
, *PART_INERTIA.

4.

, ,
.

.
.
, .

LS-DYNA Version 960

16.25 (INITIAL)

*INITIAL

*INITIAL_VOID_OPTION
:
PART ()
SET ()
: ,
, . . ,
, , , ,
, .
, ,
, .
.

1

PSID/PID

PSID/PID

, .
*SET_PART

:
*ALE_MULTI-MATERIAL_GROUP,
, .
, .

16.26 (INITIAL)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*INITIAL

*INITIAL_VOLUME_FRACTION
:
.

1

EID

VF1

VF2

0.0

0.0

EID

VF1

VF2

2.
3 . VF2=1-VF1.

LS-DYNA Version 960

16.27 (INITIAL)

*INITIAL

16.28 (INITIAL)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*INTEGRATION

*INTEGRATION
*INTEGRATION_BEAM
:
.

1

IRID

NIP

RA

ICST

0.0

, ICST>0.
1

TF

TW

SREF

TREF

1.0

0.0

NIP (, NIP=0).
1

WF

LS-DYNA 960

17.1 (INTEGRATION)

*INTEGRATION

IRID

. IRID
IRID *SECTION_BEAM

NIP

, . ICST

RA

, ..
, ,
s
t. . ICST
. 17.1.

ICST

.
, NIP
. .
, . 17.3a 17.3.
=1: ,
=2: ,
=3: ,
=4: ,
=5: ,
=6: ,
=7: .

w,

TF

tf,

d,

TW

tw,

SREF

sref, s , s,
( -). ,

, . *SECTION_BEAM

TREF

tref, t , t,
( -). ,

, . *SECTION_BEAM

s , - 1 s 1 .

t , - 1 t 1 .

WF

Ari , .. ,
,

Ari = Ai A , . . 17.2.

17.2 (INTEGRATION)

LS-DYNA 960

*INTEGRATION

tt

A
st

=



A
st tt

. 17.1. ,
.

A1

A2

A3

A4
A

A5

A8
A 12

A 11

A 10

A9

. 17.2. .

. .
17.3a 17.3 , - .
- ,
. :

LS-DYNA 960

17.3 (INTEGRATION)

*INTEGRATION
w
tf
d
tw
sref

=
=
=
=
=

,
,
,
,
s , s, (
-),
tref = t , t, (
-).
1:

2:
t

t
1

tf

tw
d

tw

tf

3:

4: T
t

w
tf

tw

tf

7
8

tw

. 17.3a. .

17.4 (INTEGRATION)

LS-DYNA 960

*INTEGRATION

5:
t

tf
d

s
tw

6:
tw
1 2

3
4
5

tf

7:
t

tw
1
d

4
7

2
5
8

3
6
9

. 17.3. .

LS-DYNA 960

17.5 (INTEGRATION)

*INTEGRATION
*INTEGRATION_SHELL

:
.
(ELEMENT_SHELL 1-11 16)
(ELEMENT_TSHELL).

1

IRID

NIP

ESOP

NIP, ESOP = 0
1

WF

PID

IRID

( IRID
IRID *SECTION_SHELL)

NIP

ESOP

S
WF

:
=0: , ,
=1:
, NIP
.
-1 1
. ,
, , ..
i-
. 17.4.

17.6 (INTEGRATION)

Dt i
t

LS-DYNA 960

*INTEGRATION

PID

,
PID, .
, . *PART.


.
,
,

.

( )
, PID,
. PID
PID .

s=1
Dt i

s =-1
. 17.4.

LS-DYNA 960

17.7 (INTEGRATION)

*INTEGRATION

17.8 (INTEGRATION)

LS-DYNA 960

*INTERFACE

*INTERFACE
*INTERFACE .
:
*INTERFACE_COMPONENT_OPTION
*INTERFACE_LINKING_DISCRETE_NODE_OPTION
*INTERFACE_LINKING_SEGMENT
*INTERFACE_LINKING_EDGE
*INTERFACE_JOY
*INTERFACE_SPRINGBACK_OPTION1_OPTION2

LS-DYNA 960

18.1 (INTERFACE)

*INTERFACE

*INTERFACE_COMPONENT_OPTION
:
NODE
SEGMENT
: .
, Z=isf1
. ,
, OPIFS *CONTROL_OUTPUT.
,
. ,
.

, .
(masters) .
, .
-
, -
, -
.

1

SID

SID

18.2 (INTERFACE)

, . *SET_NODE *SET_SEGMENT

LS-DYNA 960

*INTERFACE
*INTERFACE_LINKING_DISCRETE_NODE_OPTION
:
NODE
SET
:
, .
.

NID/NSID

IFID

NID

,
, , .
*NODE *SET_NODE

IFID

LS-DYNA 960

18.3 (INTERFACE)

*INTERFACE
*INTERFACE_LINKING_SEGMENT
: ,
, L=isf2 .
.

SSID

IFID

SSID

,
,

IFID

18.4 (INTERFACE)

LS-DYNA 960

*INTERFACE
*INTERFACE_LINKING_EDGE
:
, , L=isf2
. .

NSID

IFID

NSID

, ,

IFID

LS-DYNA 960

18.5 (INTERFACE)

*INTERFACE
*INTERFACE_JOY
:
.

1

SID

SID

18.6 (INTERFACE)

, . *SET_NODE

LS-DYNA 960

*INTERFACE
*INTERFACE_SPRINGBACK_OPTION_ OPTION2
OPTION1 :
NIKE3D
DYNA3D
NASTRAN
SEAMLESS
OPTION2 :
THICKNESS
NOTHICKNESS
. .
:
LS-NIKE3D
.

1

PSID

PSID

LS-DYNA 960

, .
*SET_PART

18.7 (INTERFACE)

*INTERFACE
, .
, *.

NID

TC

RC

NID

, . *NODE

TC

:
=0: ,
=1: x,
=2: y,
=3: z,
=4: x y,
=5: y z,
=6: z x,
=7: x, y z.

RC

:
=0: ,
=1: x,
=2: y,
=3: z,
=4: x y,
=5: y z,
=6: z x,
=7: x, y z.

18.8 (INTERFACE)

LS-DYNA 960

*INTERFACE

:
1.

NIKE3D THICKNESS
, NOTHICKNESS NIKE3D .
NIKE3D nikin.
.

2.

NOTHICKNESS DYNA3D NASTRAN,


.
LS-DYNA - dynain, NASTRAN - nastin.
*CONTROL_ADAPTIVITY LS-DYNA .

3.

,
, .
, ,
:
(1)

*INTERFACE_SPRINGBACK_DYNA3D
dynain.

(2)

, dynain.

(3)

*ELEMENT_TRIM.

(4)

*DEFINE_CURVE_TRIM .

(5)


i=__.

, .

(6)

, ,
,
*INTERFACE_SPRINGBACK_DYNA3D.

:

LS-NIKE3D . LS-DYNA

,
. LSDYNA .
, ,
.

*INTERFACE_SPRINGBACK_DYNA3D dynain.
LS-DYNA . . M
, LS-DYNA.

LS-DYNA 960

18.9 (INTERFACE)

*INTERFACE

,
ENDTIM, *CONTROL_TERMINATION.
,
( ).
2.0*ENDTIM,
*CONTROL_IMPLICIT_GENERAL.
,
, (SPC),
, .

*INTERFACE_SPRINGBACK_SEAMLESS.
*CONTROL_IMPLICIT
.
. ,
.
,
. .
- ,
, - ,
.
.

LS-DYNA.

.
, ,
, .

. , , .
, .
, ,
.
: *CONTROL_
IMPLICIT_GENERAL,
*CONTROL_IMPLICIT_AUTO

*CONTROL_IMPLICIT_
STABILIZATION.

18.10 (INTERFACE)

LS-DYNA 960

*LOAD

*LOAD
*LOAD .
:
*LOAD_BEAM_OPTION
*LOAD_BLAST
*LOAD_BODY_OPTION
*LOAD_BODY_GENERALIZED
*LOAD_BRODE
*LOAD_DENSITY_DEPTH
*LOAD_HEAT_GENERATION_OPTION
*LOAD_MASK
*LOAD_NODE_OPTION
*LOAD_RIGID_BODY
*LOAD_SEGMENT
*LOAD_SEGMENT_SET
*LOAD_SHELL_OPTION
*LOAD_SSA
*LOAD_SUPERPLASTIC_FORMING
*LOAD_THERMAL_OPTION

LS-DYNA 960

19.1 (LOAD)

*LOAD
*LOAD_BEAM_OPTION
:
ELEMENT
SET
: -
. . 19.1, . *ELEMENT_BEAM.

EID/ESID

DAL

LCID

SF

1.

EID/ESID

(EID) (ESID),
. *ELEMENT_BEAM *SET_ BEAM

DAL

:
=1: r ,
=2: s ,
=3: t .

LCID

, . *DEFINE_CURVE

SF

19.2(LOAD)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*LOAD

r
s
n2
t

n1

. 19.1.

.
s t *ELEMENT_BEAM.

LS-DYNA 960

19.3 (LOAD)

*LOAD
*LOAD_BLAST
: ,
.
- (Randers-Pehrson and Bannister)
[60], ,
.
: *LOAD_SEGMENT, *LOAD_SEGMENT_SET *LOAD_
SHELL.

1

WGT

XBO

YBO

ZBO

TBO

IUNIT

ISURF

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

CFM

CFL

CFT

CFP

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

WGT

XBO

YBO

ZBO

TBO

19.4(LOAD)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*LOAD

IUNIT

- :
=1: , , , 1 2,
=2: , , , ( ),
=3: , (14.5939 ), , 1
2,
=4: , , , ,
=5: , (.
2).

ISURF

:
=1:

,
,
=2:
( ).

CFM

: LSDYNA.

CFL

: LSDYNA.

CFT

:
LS-DYNA.

CFP

: 1 2
LS-DYNA.

:
1. ,
.

LS-DYNA 960

19.5 (LOAD)

*LOAD
*LOAD_BODY_OPTION
:
X
Y
Z
:
RX
RY
RZ
:
PARTS
: ,
.
,
*LOAD_BODY_PARTS. ,
. ,
*LOAD_ BODY_PARTS, X, Y,
Z, RX, RY RZ, .. .
, . :
, ..
. ,
: *LOAD_BODY_X *LOAD_BODY_PARTS.
: X, Y, Z, RX, RY RZ.

19.6(LOAD)

LCID

SF

LCIDDR

XC

YC

ZC

1.

0.

0.

0.

LS-DYNA Version 960

*LOAD
PARTS.
1

PSID

LCID
SF
LCIDDR

, . *DEFINE_CURVE


(). ,
,
LCID
. , LCID ,

, ,
LCIDDR. . *CONTROL_DYNAMIC_RELAXATION

XC

X,

YC

Y,

ZC

Z,

PSID

:
1.


. ,
, ,
, . ,
y-z x,
x ,
.. , x.

2.

,
.

, .
,
.

LS-DYNA 960

19.7 (LOAD)

*LOAD
3.



. ,
, . ,
.

4.

b = r (w w r ) ,
r - , w - , r - - P.
,
.
5.


.
,
,
.

19.8(LOAD)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*LOAD
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$$$$ *LOAD_BODY_Z
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$
,
$ Z.
$
/2. ,
$ , 1.
$ 1000 , .
$
$$$ :
$ .
$
*LOAD_BODY_Z
$
$...>....1....>....2....>....3....>....4....>....5....>....6....>....7....>....8
$
lcid
sf
lciddr
xc
yc
zc
5 0.00981
$
$
*DEFINE_CURVE
$
lcid
sidr
scla
sclo
offa
offo
5
$
$
abscissa
ordinate
0.00
1.000
1000.00
1.000
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$

LS-DYNA 960

19.9 (LOAD)

*LOAD
*LOAD_BODY_GENERALIZED

:
,
, .
.

1

N1

N2

LCID

DRLCID

XC

YC

ZC

0.

0.

0.

AX

AY

AZ

OMX

OMY

OMZ

0.

0.

0.

0.

0.

0.

1, 2

1, 2

1, 2

3, 4, 5

3, 4, 5

3, 4, 5

N1

N2

LCID

, . *DEFINE_CURVE

DRLCID

.
, .
.
*CONTROL_DYNAMIC_RELAXATION

19.10(LOAD)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*LOAD

XC

X ,

YC

Y ,

ZC

Z ,

AX

AY

AZ

OMX

OMY

OMZ

1.


. ,
, ,
, . ,
y-z x,
x ,
.. , x.

2.

,
.

, .
,
.

3.



. ,
, . ,
.

4.

P
b = r (w w r ) ,
r - , w - , r - - P.
,
.

LS-DYNA 960

19.11 (LOAD)

*LOAD
5.


.
,
,
.

19.12(LOAD)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*LOAD
*LOAD_BRODE

: (Brode) ,
, . Brode [61], . *LOAD_SEGMENT,
*LOAD_SEGMENT_SET *LOAD_SHELL.

1

YLD

BHT

XBO

YBO

ZBO

TBO

TALC

SFLC

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

CFL

CFT

CFP

0.0

0.0

0.0

YLD

( )

BHT

XBO

YBO

y .

ZBO

z .

TBO

LS-DYNA 960

19.13 (LOAD)

*LOAD

TALC

,
(
-), . *DEFINE_CURVE .

SFLC


(
, [(**13)]) ( ), . *DEFINE_CURVE .

CFL

LSDYNA.

CFT

LSDYNA.

CFP

1 .
LS-DYNA.

1.

, .
.
, .
, ,
/[(**13)] .

19.14(LOAD)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*LOAD
*LOAD_DENSITY_DEPTH

: .
,
, . ,
.
.

1

PSID

GC

DIR

LCID

0.0

1,2

, . *SET_PART.
PSID , .

GC

DIR

:
=1: x,
=2: y,
=3: z.

LCID

PSID

,
, . *DEFINE_CURVE.

1.


, , .
, d,
d surface

p=-

p(z)gdz ,
d

p - , dsurface - ( ), r(z) z , g - .
.

LS-DYNA 960

19.15 (LOAD)

*LOAD
, ()
. ,
. , z
,
.
2.

,
PSID, 12, .

3.


x, y z.
() .

19.16(LOAD)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*LOAD
*LOAD_HEAT_GENERATION_OPTION

:
SET
SOLID

SID

LCID

CMULT

1.0

SID

LCID

CMULT

LS-DYNA 960


, . *SET_SOLID *ELEMENT_SOLID
.

q& :
>0: ,
=0: CMULT,
<0: .
q& .
LCID
,
.

19.17 (LOAD)

*LOAD
*LOAD_MASK

: .
,

, ,
.

1

PID

LCID

VID1

OFF

BOXID

LCIDM

VID2

INOUT

1.

0.

ICYCLE

200

PID

(PID).

.
,
. .
*MAT_NULL.

LCID

, , .
*DEFINE_CURVE.

19.18(LOAD)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*LOAD

VID1

, ,
.

,
. , ,
, .
,
, . 19.3.

OFF

,
.

VID1 nshell < OFF ,

nshell -

BOXID

SSID,
. ,
SSID.

,
, ..
.

LCIDM

, -.
(x, y) ,
VID2.
, .. ,
-, DATTYP=1
*DEFINE_CURVE.
,
PID,
, . , .
DEFINE_CURVE_TRIM . 10.5.

VID2

,
PID.
,
PID
.
, LCIDM .

INOUT

, ,
. 1,
,
.

ICYCLE


( 200).

.
.

LS-DYNA 960

19.19 (LOAD)

*LOAD

,
.

19.20(LOAD)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*LOAD
*LOAD_NODE_OPTION

:
POINT
SET

: .

NODE/NSID

DOF

LCID

SF

CID

M1

M2

M3

1.

NODE/NSID

(NSID), .
*SET_NODE_OPTION.

DOF

:
=1: x,
=2: y,
=3: z,
=4: , . 2,
=5: x,
=6: y,
=7: z,
=8: .

LCID

, . *DEFINE_CURVE

SF
CID

LS-DYNA 960


(), .
1

19.21 (LOAD)

*LOAD

M1

1. , DOF=4 8, .
2.

M2

2 , DOF=4 8, .
2.

M3

3 , DOF=4 8, .
2.

1.

*DEFINE_COORDINATE_SYSTEM.

2.

M1,
M2, M3. ,
, . 19.2.

3.

14 15, ..
,
( 14) ( 15).

w
t

m1

. 19.2.

19.22(LOAD)

m3

m2

, m1, m2,
m3. m1; .., m=m1.
t,

. t ,
t = v w , v w . 19.2 .

LS-DYNA Version 960

*LOAD
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$$$$ *LOAD_NODE_SET
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$
( )
$ ( 21 22). y $ (dof=2).
$ 1
$ sf=0.5, *LOAD_NODE_SET.
$
*LOAD_NODE_SET
$
$...>....1....>....2....>....3....>....4....>....5....>....6....>....7....>....8
$
nsid
dof
lcid
sf
cid
m1
m2
m3
14
2
1
0.5
$
$
*SET_NODE_LIST
$
sid
14
$
$
nid1
nid2
nid3
nid4
nid5
nid6
nid7
nid8
21
22
$
$
*DEFINE_CURVE
$
lcid
sidr
scla
sclo
offa
offo
1
$
$
abscissa
ordinate
0.0
0.0
10.0
100.0
20.0
0.0
$
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$

LS-DYNA 960

19.23 (LOAD)

*LOAD
*LOAD_RIGID_BODY

: .
, .
.

PID

DOF

LCID

SF

CID

M1

M2

M3

1.

PID

, . *PART_OPTION

DOF

:
=1: x,
=2: y,
=3: z,
=4: , . 2,
=5: x,
=6: y,
=7: z,
=8: , . 2

LCID

, . *DEFINE_CURVE
>0: ,
<0:
.

SF

CID

M1

1. , DOF=4 8, .
2 .

19.24(LOAD)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*LOAD

M2

2. , DOF=4 8, .
2 .

M3

3. , DOF=4 8, .
2 .

1.

*DEFINE_COORDINATE_SYSTEM. ,
.. .

2.

M1,
M2, M3. ,
, . 19.2. t ,
t = v w , v w - , .
19.2. .
t.

$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$$$$ *LOAD_RIGID_BODY
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$
.
$ , .
$ ( 27) ,
$ .
$
$
y (dof=2),
$ sf = -1 .
$ 12.
$
*LOAD_RIGID_BODY
$
$...>....1....>....2....>....3....>....4....>....5....>....6....>....7....>....8
$
pid
dof
lcid
sf
cid
m1
m2
m3
27
2
12
-1.0
$
$
*DEFINE_CURVE
$
lcid
sidr
scla
sclo
offa
offo
12
$
$
abscissa
ordinate
0.000E+00
8.000E-05
1.000E+04
8.000E-05
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$

LS-DYNA 960

19.25 (LOAD)

*LOAD
*LOAD_SEGMENT

:
, . .
19.3.

1

LCID

SF

AT

N1

N2

N3

N4

1.

0.

LCID

, . *DEFINE_CURVE.

SF

AT

N1

N2

N3

.
N2.

N4

.
N2.

1.

LCID -1,
, . *LOAD_BRODE.

2.

LCID -2,
(ConWep), . *LOAD_BLAST.

3.


. .

19.26(LOAD)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*LOAD
4.

AT - ,
. .
, AT, ..
( - AT). ,
AT, . ,
AT.

5.

$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$$$$ *LOAD_SEGMENT
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$
.
$ *LOAD_SEGMENT.
$
$ .
$ .
$ . , 97, 106, 107 98
$ (, , ,
$ ). .
$
$ 1.
$ , 100 0.01
$ .
$ sclo = 2.5. , 250.
$ ,
$ *LOAD_SEGMENT, sf.
$
*LOAD_SEGMENT
$
$...>....1....>....2....>....3....>....4....>....5....>....6....>....7....>....8
$
lcid
sf
at
n1
n2
n3
n4
1
1.00
0.0
97
106
107
98
1
1.00
0.0
106
115
116
107
1
1.00
0.0
98
107
108
99
1
1.00
0.0
107
116
117
108
$
$
*DEFINE_CURVE
$
$
lcid
sidr
scla
sclo
offa
offo
1
0
0.0
2.5
$
$
abscissa
ordinate
0.000
0.0
0.010
100.0
0.020
100.0
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$

LS-DYNA 960

19.27 (LOAD)

*LOAD
*LOAD_SEGMENT_SET

: .
. 19.3.

SSID

LCID

SF

AT

1.

0.

SSID

, . *SET_SEGMENT

LCID

, . *DEFINE_CURVE

SF

AT

1.

LCID -1,
, . *LOAD_BRODE.

2.

LCID -2,
(ConWep), . *LOAD_BLAST.

3.

4.

AT - ,
. .
, AT, ..
( - AT). ,
AT, . ,
AT.

19.28(LOAD)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*LOAD

n1

n2
Mn 1

Mn 2

t
n3

n1

n2
n4

r
t

n3

r
n1
n2

. 19.3.

.

t.

.

LS-DYNA 960

19.29 (LOAD)

*LOAD
*LOAD_SHELL_OPTION

:
ELEMENT
SET

:
.
, ,
t. . 19.3.
.

1

EID/ESID

LCID

SF

AT

1.

0.

EID/ESID

LCID

(EID)
(ESID), . *ELEMENT_SHELL *SET_ SHELL
, . *DEFINE_CURVE

SF

AT

1.

LCID -1,
, . *LOAD_BRODE.

2.

LCID -2,
(ConWep), . *LOAD_BLAST.

3.


. .

19.30(LOAD)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*LOAD

$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$$$$ *LOAD_SHELL_ELEMENT
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$
.
$ , .
$ ,
$ .
$ 3, 1,
$ . ,
$ 0.001 5 .
$ ( : , , , , , )
$
$
*LOAD_SHELL_ELEMENT
$
$...>....1....>....2....>....3....>....4....>....5....>....6....>....7....>....8
$
eid
lcid
sf
at
30001
3 -1.00E+00
0.0
30002
3 -1.00E+00
0.0
30003
3 -1.00E+00
0.0
30004
3 -1.00E+00
0.0
30005
3 -1.00E+00
0.0
30006
3 -1.00E+00
0.0
30007
3 -1.00E+00
0.0
$
$ :
$
, 448
$
.
$
$
*DEFINE_CURVE
$
lcid
sidr
scla
sclo
offa
offo
3
$
$
abscissa
ordinate
0.000
0.0
0.001
5.0
0.150
5.0
$
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$

LS-DYNA 960

19.31 (LOAD)

*LOAD
*LOAD_SSA

: (SSA)

.
.
1

VS

DS

REFL

ZB

ZSURF

FPSID

PSID

0.

0.

0.

. ,
*.
1

ALPHA

GAMMA

KTHETA

KAPPA

XS

YS

ZS

19.32(LOAD)

TDELY

RAD

CZ

LS-DYNA Version 960

*LOAD

VS

DS

REFL

ZB

:
=0: ,
=1: .
Z , REFL=1, .

ZSURF

FPSID

,
. *PART_SET_COLUMN,
A1 A2
:
A1 - :
=1.0: ,
=2.0: , ,
=3.0: , ,
=4.0: .
A2 - .

.

PSID

, .
, ,
. . . 19.4.
=0:
>0: NPIDS, .

ALPHA

GAMMA

KTHETA

KAPPA

XS

YS

ZS

LS-DYNA 960

Kq

19.33 (LOAD)

*LOAD

TDELY
RAD

CZ

,
,
-

P(t) = Pm e q ,
Pm
:

W Q

Ppeak

W1/ 3
= A

,
g

W1/ 3
q = Kq W1/ 3

Q ,
A, a, g,

Kq

- .

,
,

. 19.4.

19.34(LOAD)

, ,
,
.

LS-DYNA Version 960

*LOAD
*LOAD_SUPERPLASTIC_FORMING

: (SPF).
, .
, .
,
.

64,
*MAT_RATE_SENSITIVE_POWERLAW_PLASTICITY,
..
,

,
. . *DATA_BASE_SUPERPLASTIC_FORMING.
SPF .

LCP1

CSP1

NCP1

LCP2

CSP2

NCP2

ERATE

SCMIN

SCMAX

NCYL

LS-DYNA 960

19.35 (LOAD)

*LOAD

LCP1

I , .
*DEFINE_CURVE

CSP1

,
I

NCP1

, - I, .
*CONTACT_OPTION

LCP2

II () , .
*DEFINE_ CURVE

CSP2

,
II, . *CONTACT_ OPTION

NCP2

, - II

ERATE

SCMIN


.
,
.
.
, ,
, ,
.

SCMAX


. ,
,
, ,
.

NCYL

1.

.
,
2. , 2, ,
, , ,
.
.
, ,
.

2.

, , , .

19.36(LOAD)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*LOAD
3.

pressure, curve1, curve2


PHS3 LS-TAURUS
SUPERPL. curve2 , . .
*DATABASE_SUPERPLASTIC_FORMING.

4.


,
*CONTACT_CONSTRAINT_NODES_TO_SURFACE,

, .
, ,
.

LS-DYNA 960

19.37 (LOAD)

*LOAD
*LOAD_THERMAL_OPTION

:
CONSTANT
CONSTANT_NODE
LOAD_CURVE
TOPAZ
VARIABLE
VARIABLE_NODE

: , .
, *LOAD_THERMAL_OPTION,
.
/ , . *CONTROL_THERMAL_OPTION.
*LOAD_THERMAL .
, (
2).
*LOAD_THERMAL_CONSTANT

- 1

*LOAD_THERMAL_CONSTANT_NODE

- 1

*LOAD_THERMAL_LOAD_CURVE

- 2

*LOAD_THERMAL_TOPAZ

- 3

*LOAD_THERMAL_VARIABLE

- 4

*LOAD_THERMAL_VARIABLE_NODE

- 4

19.38(LOAD)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*LOAD
*LOAD_THERMAL_CONSTANT

: ,
. .
, ,
. ,
.

1

NSID

NSIDEX

BOXID

0.

0.

TE

0.

0.

NSID

,
(. *SET_NODE_OPTION):
=0: .

NSIDEX

() ,
, . *SET_NODE_OPTION.
.
, NSID,
. .

BOXID

T
TE

LS-DYNA 960

()

19.39 (LOAD)

*LOAD
*LOAD_THERMAL_CONSTANT_NODE

: , .
. ,
,
. ,
.

NID

0.

NID
T


, . .

1.

,
, ,
. ,
- .

19.40(LOAD)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*LOAD
*LOAD_THERMAL_LOAD_CURVE

:
.
, .
, .

.

LCID

LCIDDR

LCID

LCIDDR

LS-DYNA 960

,
, . *DEFINE_CURVE

,
, .
*DEFINE_CURVE

19.41 (LOAD)

*LOAD
*LOAD_THERMAL_TOPAZ

: TOPAZ3D.
, . .

19.42(LOAD)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*LOAD
*LOAD_THERMAL_VARIABLE

: , .
. ,
,
. ,
.

1

NSID

NSIDEX

BOXID

0.

0.

TS

TB

LCID

TSE

TBE

LCIDE

0.

0.

0.

0.

NSID

,
(. *SET_NODE_OPTION):
=0: .

NSIDEX

() ,
, . *SET_NODE_
OPTION.

BOXID

(
) . ,
NSID, .
.

TS

LS-DYNA 960

19.43 (LOAD)

*LOAD

TB

LCID

,
, . *DEFINE_ CURVE.

TSE


().

TBE

().

LCIDE

(),

, . *DEFINE_CURVE.

1.


T = Tbase + Tscale f(t),

f(t) , Tscale ,
Tbase .

19.44(LOAD)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*LOAD
*LOAD_THERMAL_VARIABLE_NODE

: , .
. ,
,
. ,
.

NID

TS

TB

LCID

0.

0.

NID
TS

TB


,
, . *DEFINE_ CURVE.

LCID


T = Tbase + Tscale f(t),

f(t)

Tscale

Tbase

LS-DYNA 960

19.45 (LOAD)

*LOAD

19.46(LOAD)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*NODE

*NODE

*NODE
*NODE_RIGID_SURFACE

LS-DYNA Version 960

20.1 (NODE)

*NODE
*NODE
: . ,
. ,
; , . 2 .
(I8,3E16.0,2F8.0)
1

TC

RC

0.

0.

0.

0.

0.

20.2 (NODE)

10

TC

NID

NID

:
=0: ,
=1: x,
=2: y,
=3: z,
=4: x y,
=5: y z,
=6: z x,
=7: x, y z .

LS-DYNA Version 960

*NODE

RC

:
=0: ,
=1: x,
=2: y,
=3: z,
=4: x y,
=5: y z,
=6: z x,
=7: x, y z.

:
1.

(
) *BOUNDARY_SPC.
. *CONSTRAINED.

2.

, ,
.
, ,
.
.
,

, .
*CONSTRAINED_EXTRA_NODES_OPTION *CONSTRAINED_ NODAL_RIGID_BODY.

LS-DYNA Version 960

20.3 (NODE)

*NODE
*NODE_RIGID_SURFACE
: .

. ,
. . *CONTACT_RIGID_SURFACE.
(I8,3E16.0)
1

NID

0.

0.

0.

10

NID

20.4 (NODE)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*PART

*PART
:
*PART_{OPTION1}_{OPTION2}_{OPTION3}_{OPTION4}
*PART_MODES
*PART_MOVE

LS-DYNA Version 960

21.1 (PART)

*PART
*PART_{OPTION1}_{OPTION2}_{OPTION3}_{OPTION4}
OPTION1 :
<BLANK>
INERTIA
REPOSITION
OPTION2 :
<BLANK>
CONTACT
OPTION3 :
<BLANK>
PRINT
OPTION4 :
<BLANK>
ATTACHMENT_NODES
1, 2, 3 4 *PART .
: , ..
, ,
, - .
INERTIA ,
. ,
. *MAT_RIGID. REPOSITION
,
, CAL3D
MADYMO. ,

CAL3D/MADYMO,
CAL3D/MADYMO. ,
, , .
CONTACT ,
, a3, 4, a5, a10, 13, a13,
15 26, .. :

21.2 (PART)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*PART

*CONTACT_AUTOMATIC_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE
*CONTACT_SINGLE_SURFACE,
*CONTACT_AUTOMATIC_NODES_TO_SURFACE,
*CONTACT_AUTOMATIC_ONE_WAY_SURFACE_TO_SURFACE,
*CONTACT_AUTOMATIC_SINGLE_SURFACE,
*CONTACT_AIRBAG_SINGLE_SURFACE,
*CONTACT_ERODING_SINGLE_SURFACE,
*CONTACT_AUTOMATIC_GENERAL.
, ,
*CONTACT.
PRINT ,
MATSUM RBDOUT ASCII. . *DATABASE_ASCII.

HEADING

PID

SECID

MID

EOSID

HGID

GRAV

ADPOPT

TMID

LS-DYNA Version 960

21.3 (PART)

*PART
, INERTIA . . 3 4.
3

XC

YC

ZC

TM

IRCS

NODEID

IXX

IXY

IXZ

IYY

IYZ

IZZ

VTX

VTY

VTZ

VRX

VRY

VRZ

,
IRCS=1. ID
.
6

XL

YL

ZL

XLIP

YLIP

ZLIP

CID

21.4 (PART)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*PART

, REPOSITION.

CMSN

MDEP

MOVOPT

, CONTACT.
:
FS, FD, DC VC,
, FS
(-1.0) *CONTACT.

:
SINGLE_SURFACE,
AUTOMATIC_GENERAL,
AUTOMATIC_SINGLE_SURFACE,
AUTOMATIC_NODES_TO_,
AUTOMATIC_
SURFACE_, AUTOMATIC_ONE_WAY_ ERODING_SINGLE_SURFACE.
*CONTROL_CONTACT.

FS

FD

DC

VC

OPTT

SFT

SSF

, PRINT.
ASCII RBDOUT
MATSUM.

PRBF

LS-DYNA Version 960

21.5 (PART)

*PART
ATTACHMENT_NODES.
, .
. ,
, .
.
, , ,
. ,
,
ASCII. .

ANSID

HEADING
PID
SECID
MID



, *SECTION
, *MAT

EOSID

, *EOS.

.

HGID


, *HOURGLASS :
=0: .

GRAV

, .
,
; ( )
*LOAD_ DENSITY_DEPTH:
=0: ,
=1: .

ADPOPT

, ,
. *CONTROL_ADAPTIVITY:
=0: ,
=1: H 3-D ,
=2: R 2-D .

21.6 (PART)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*PART

TMID

,
*MAT_THERMAL.
, ,


.

.
=0: MID

XC

x . NODEID, XC, YC
ZC , NODEID
.

YC

ZC

TM

IRCS

NODEID

- :
=0: ,
=1: ,
.
(CG) .

,
. ,

.

IXX

Ixx

IXY

Ixy (. 4)

IXZ

Ixz, (. 4)

IYY

Iyy

IYZ

Iyz (. 4)

IZZ

Izz

VTX

VTY

VTZ

LS-DYNA Version 960

21.7 (PART)

*PART

VRX

VRY

VRZ

XL

x x. (0, 0, 0).

YL

y y

ZL

z z

XLIP

x x-y

YLIP

y x-y

ZLIP

z x-y

CID

ID , . *DEFINE_
COORDINATE_.... 16 .

CMSN

CAL3D/
MADYMO . . .

MDEP

/ MADYMO:
>0: ,
=0: ,
<0: .

MOVOPT

- , .
*CONSTRAINED_RIGID_BODIES.
, ,
CAL3D/MADYMO, :
=0: ,
=1: .

FS

. ,

vrel
m c = FD + ( FS - FD ) e

FD

- DC ( vrel )

. ,
vrel
m c = FD + ( FS - FD ) e

21.8 (PART)

- DC ( vrel )

LS-DYNA Version 960

*PART

DC

.
,
vrel

m c = FD + ( FS - FD ) e

VC

- DC ( vrel )

.
.
Flim = VC Acont . Acont ,
c . VC
, VC = s o ,
3

so - , .
OPTT

.
.

SFT


PID (
).
. .

SSF

, ,
PID,
. , SSF
.

PRBF

- RBDOUT MATSUM.
=0:

*CONTROL_OUTPUT,
=1:
RBDOUT
=2:
MATSUM
=3:

ANSID

.
,
,
. , ,



.
,
.

LS-DYNA Version 960

21.9 (PART)

*PART

=0:

. ( ,


, ..
.)
:
1.

HEADING
,
, Material Type 1. SMUG
PSHELL ( PBAR, PSOLID) 1-8
34-41.

2.

,
*DEFINE_COORDINATE_ VECTOR. z
x , .
y z
x. , CID,
,
,
, .. .

3.

,
, , ,
.

4.

,
. ,

.

21.10 (PART)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*PART
*PART_MODES
: .
;
/
. .
,
- , , NASTRAN.pch
, LSTC.
, .
. ,
. .
*CONTROL_RIGID.

1

PID

NMFB

FORM

ANSID

FORMAT KMFLAG

NUPDF

SIGREC

FILENAME

, KMFLAG=1.
, , NMFB.
, NMFB, .
3, ...

MODE1

MODE2

MODE3

MODE4

MODE5

MODE6

MODE7

MODE8

LS-DYNA Version 960

21.11 (PART)

*PART

. ,
* 1, .

MSTART

MSTOP

DAMPF

PID

.
.

NMFB

. FILENAME
NMFB. KMFLAG=0,
NMFB.

FORM

. . 5 .
=0: ,
=1: .

ANSID

()

FORMAT

:
=0: NASTRAN.pch
=1: LSTC,
=2: NASTRAN.pch ( LS-DYNA).



NASTRAN.pch.
NASTRAN.pch, bin.
.

KMFLAG

- .
, .
=0: FILENAME ,
NMFB
=1: ,
NMFB,

21.12 (PART)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*PART

NUPDF

- . ,
ANSID.
=0:
=1:

, .


PART_ATTACHMENT_NODES.

SIGREC

- . ,
.
=0: ,
=1: .

FILENAME
MODEn
MSTART

,
n
( 1 MSTART NMFB)

MSTOP

MSTOP ( 1 MSTOP NMFB).


MSTART MSTOP
DAMPF.

DAMPF

:
1.

, ,
NASTRAN .

2.

, .

.

3.

,
(. *CONSTRAINED_RIGID_BODIES),
.

LS-DYNA Version 960

21.13 (PART)

*PART

4.

V,
1.0 .

c = 2Vwnm , c , m - , wn-
.

5.

.
,
.
,
. , .
,
, ( )
.

21.14 (PART)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*PART
*PART_MOVE
: , .
.
. (I8,3E16.0)
1

PID

XMOV

YMOV

ZMOV

0.

0.

0.

PID

10

XMOV

PID
XMOV

YMOV

PID
YMOV.

ZMOV

PID
ZMOV.

LS-DYNA Version 960

21.15 (PART)

*PART

21.16 (PART)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*RIGIDWALL

*RIGIDWALL
:
*RIGIDWALL_GEOMETRIC_OPTION_{OPTION}
*RIGIDWALL_PLANAR_{OPTION }_{OPTION }_{OPTION }
RIGIDWALL
.
, ,
, , , .
RIGIDWALL_PLANAR ,
, , ,
RWPNAL
*CONTROL_CONTACT.
, ,
, .
.
*CONTACT_ENTITY. *CONTACT_ENTITY

LS-DYNA Version 960

22.1 (RIGIDWALL)

*RIGIDWALL
*RIGIDWALL_GEOMETRIC_OPTION_{OPTION}
( ) :
RIGIDWALL_GEOMETRIC_FLAT
RIGIDWALL_GEOMETRIC_PRISM
RIGIDWALL_GEOMETRIC_CYLINDER
RIGIDWALL_GEOMETRIC_SPHERE
, :
MOTION

[FLAT, PRISM, CYLINDER, SPHERE],


MOTION, ,
*RIGIDWALL_ GEOMETRIC
: .
. .
.
*CONTACT_ENTITY. *CONTACT_ENTITY


.
:

1 2 .

3 , .

A , MOTION.

22.2(RIGIDWALL)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*RIGIDWALL
1
1

NSID

NSIDEX

BOXID

NSID

, , .
*SET_NODE_OPTION:
=0:

NSIDEX

, ,
, . *SET_ NODE_OPTION

BOXID

,
( ) ,

LS-DYNA Version 960

22.3 (RIGIDWALL)

*RIGIDWALL
2 .
2

XT

YT

ZT

XH

YH

ZH

FRIC

0.

0.

0.

0.

0.

0.

0.

XT

x
n, , . . 22.1

YT

y n

ZT

z n

XH

x n

YH

y n

ZH

z n

FRIC

22.4(RIGIDWALL)

:
=0.0: ,
=1.0: ,
0.<FRIC<1.: .

LS-DYNA Version 960

*RIGIDWALL
3 , FLAT.
, . . 22.1.
m , n X l.
, n,
.

XHEV

YHEV

ZHEV

LENL

LENM

0.

0.

0.

. .

XHEV

x l, . . 22.1.

YHEV

y l

ZHEV

z l

LENL

l.
.

LENM

m.
.

LS-DYNA Version 960

22.5 (RIGIDWALL)

*RIGIDWALL
3 , PRISM.

() , n, . . 22.1.

XHEV

YHEV

ZHEV

LENL

LENM

LENP

0.

0.

. . .

XHEV

x l, . . 22.1.

YHEV

y l

ZHEV

z l

LENL

l .

LENM

m .

LENP

, n, . . 22.1.

22.6(RIGIDWALL)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*RIGIDWALL
3 , CYLINDER.
n .
, n, . . 22.1.

RADCYL

LENCYL

RADCYL

LENCYL

, . . 22.1.
, .

LS-DYNA Version 960

22.7 (RIGIDWALL)

*RIGIDWALL
3 , SPHERE.
n, . . 22.1.

RADSPH

0.

RADSPH

22.8(RIGIDWALL)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*RIGIDWALL
A , MOTION.

LCID

OPT

VX

VY

VZ

LCID

, , .*DEFINE_CURVE

OPT

:
=0: ,
=1: .

VX

/ x

VY

/ y

VZ

/ z

LS-DYNA Version 960

22.9 (RIGIDWALL)

*RIGIDWALL

v
l
L
L
rectangular prism

cylinder

n
n
flat surface

R
V

sphere

. 22.1.

22.10(RIGIDWALL)

n .

V, .

LS-DYNA Version 960

*RIGIDWALL
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$$$$ *RIGIDWALL_GEOMETRIC_SPHERE_MOTION
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$
$ :
$
- 8
$
- (x,y,z) = (20,20,9)
$
- z
$
lcid = 5
$
-
$
boxid = 3 ,
$

$
$
*RIGIDWALL_GEOMETRIC_SPHERE_MOTION
$...>....1....>....2....>....3....>....4....>....5....>....6....>....7....>....8
$
nsid
nsidex
boxid
3
$
$
xt
yt
zt
xh
yh
zh
fric
20.0
20.0
9.0
20.0
20.0
0.0
0.0
$
$ radsph
8.0
$
$
lcid
opt
vx
vy
vz
5
1
0.0
0.0
-1.0
$
$
*DEFINE_BOX
$
boxid
xmn
xmx
ymn
ymx
zmn
zmx
3
0.0
40.0
0.0
40.0
-1.0
1.0
$
$
*DEFINE_CURVE
$
lcid
sidr
scla
sclo
offa
offo
5
$

0.0
0.0
0.0005
15.0
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$

LS-DYNA Version 960

22.11 (RIGIDWALL)

*RIGIDWALL
*RIGIDWALL_PLANAR_{OPTION}_{OPTION}_{OPTION}
:

<BLANK>
ORTHO
FINITE
MOVING
FORCES
(
), .. ORTHO ,
FINITE, , MOVING,
FORCES . ORTHO ,
MOVING.
: (FINITE).
(ORTHO). ,
(MOVING); , .
FORCES ,
.
, SOFT FORCES.
:

1 2

A B , ORTHO

C , FINITE

D , MOVING

E , FORCES

22.12(RIGIDWALL)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*RIGIDWALL
1 - .
1

NSID

NSIDEX

BOXID

OFFSET

0.

NSID

, , .
*SET_NODE_OPTION:
=0: .

NSIDEX

, ,
, . *SET_ NODE_ OPTION .

BOXID

,
( ) ,
. NSID NSIDEX
,
, .

OFFSET

OFFSET
. NSID,
NSIDEX BOXID ,
,
.

LS-DYNA Version 960

22.13 (RIGIDWALL)

*RIGIDWALL
2 -.
2

XT

YT

ZT

XH

YH

ZH

FRIC

WVEL

0.

0.

0.

0.

0.

0.

0.

0.

XT

x
n , . . 22.3.

YT

y n

ZT

z n

XH

x n

YH

y n

ZH

z n

FRIC

WVEL

22.14(RIGIDWALL)

:
=0.0: ,
=1.0: ,
0.<FRIC<1.: ,
=2.0:
.
,
, WVEL.
=3.0:
. ,

, WVEL.
,
( FRIC = 2 3)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*RIGIDWALL
A B ,
ORTHO
. . 23.2 .

SFRICA

SFRICB

DFRICA

DFRICB

0.

0.

0.

0.

NODE1

NODE2

D1

D2

D3

0.

0.

0.

DECAYA DECAYB

SFRICA

a, msa, . .
22.2

SFRICB

b, msb

DFRICA

a, mka

DFRICB

b, mkb

DECAYA

a, dva

DECAYB

b, dvb

NODE1

1, d,
. . 22.2.
, .

NODE2

2.

LS-DYNA Version 960

22.15 (RIGIDWALL)

*RIGIDWALL

D1

d1, x- ,

d , . . 23.2.
, .

D2

d2, y-

D3

d3, z-
node 2

2
n
d

a
d

b
b

defintion by nodes

definition by vector


components

node 1

. 22.2.

. d.
d 1 2,
, ; d
, .. , .

:
1.

a b
, ,
:
d V
m a = m ka + ( m sa m k a )e va r ela tive ,a
m b = m k b + ( m sb m k b )e

2.

d vb V rela tive ,b


, ,
. ,
d :
b = n d andthat a = b n ,
~

n - . d
, a d .

22.16(RIGIDWALL)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*RIGIDWALL
C , FINITE.
. . 23.3. m m=n X l.
, ,
.

XHEV

YHEV

ZHEV

LENL

LENM

0.

0.

0.

. .

XHEV

x l, . . 22.3.

YHEV

y l

ZHEV

z l

LENL

LENM

LS-DYNA Version 960

22.17 (RIGIDWALL)

*RIGIDWALL
D ,
MOVING.
: MOVING ORTHO.

MASS

V0

0.

MASS
V0

22.18(RIGIDWALL)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*RIGIDWALL

E , FORCES.
.
.
-
LS-POST.

SOFT

SSID

N1

N2

N3

N4

SOFT

SSID


, . *SET_SEGMENT 1

N1

N2-N4


LS-DYNA, . 2

:
1

.

. RWFORC

2.

, ..
. LS-POST,
, .
( ),
, ,
.

LS-DYNA Version 960

22.19 (RIGIDWALL)

*RIGIDWALL

. 22.3.

n . l
, m=n l.
L (LENL) M (LENM).
,
.

22.20(RIGIDWALL)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*RIGIDWALL
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$$$$ *RIGIDWALL_PLANAR_MOVING_FORCES
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$ , :
$
- y-z, x = 250 mm
$
- 8.94 / z
$
- 800
$
-
$
- , , 0.1
$ ( 99999)
$

$
*RIGIDWALL_PLANAR_MOVING_FORCES
$...>....1....>....2....>....3....>....4....>....5....>....6....>....7....>....8
$
nsid
nsidex
boxid
0
0
0
$
$
xt
yt
zt
xh
yh
zh
fric
250.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
$
$ SW mass
SW vel
800.00
8.94
$
$
soft
ssid
node1
node2
node3
node4
0
0
99999
$
*NODE
$
$...>....1....>....2....>....3....>....4....>....5....>....6....>....7....>....8
$
nid
x
y
z
tc
rc
99999
250.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
$
*DATABASE_HISTORY_NODE
$ , nodout
$
id1
id2
id3
$...>....1....>....2....>....3....>....4....>....5....>....6....>....7....>....8
99999
$
*DATABASE_NODOUT
$
dt
0.1
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$

LS-DYNA Version 960

22.21 (RIGIDWALL)

*RIGIDWALL

22.22(RIGIDWALL)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*SECTION

*SECTION

:
,

, .
(SECID), , , ..
, ,
.
:
*SECTION_BEAM
*SECTION_DISCRETE
*SECTION_SEATBELT
*SECTION_SHELL_{OPTION}
*SECTION_SOLID_{OPTION}
*SECTION_SPH
*SECTION_TSHELL
.
_TITLE
*SECTION. ,
80a, .
LS-DYNA
.
.

LS-DYNA Version 960

23.1 (SECTION)

*SECTION
*SECTION_BEAM
:
.

1

SECID

ELFORM

SHRF

QR/IRID

CST

SCOOR

1.0

2.0

0.0

0.0

ELFORM (1-9).
2



(1, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9)

(2, 3)

TS1

TS2

TT1

TT2

NSLOC

NTLOC

ISS

ITT

IRR

SA

VOL

INER

CID

CA

OFFSET

RRCON

SRCON

TRCON

SECID

. SECID *PART
.

ELFORM

:
=1:
-
( ),
=2:

,
=3:
, . 2,
=4:
-
,
=5:
-

,
=6:
/ ,

23.2(SECTION)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*SECTION

=7:
( xy) ,
=8:
( xy)
,
=9:

,
.
*MAT_SPOTWELD.
,
. ,


.
, .. 1-6 9, .
SHRF

.
,
, .
5/6,
1.0.

QR/IRID

, ,
:
=1.0: ,
=2.0: 22 ( ),
=3.0: 33,
=4.0: 33,
=5.0: 44,
=-n: |n| - , .
IRID n
*INTEGRATION_BEAM.

CST

; ,
, :
=0.0: ,
=1.0: ,
=2.0:
(

).

SCOOR


, . CID .

. - -3.0, -1.0, 0.0, 1.0 3.0
,
CID.
=-3.0: 1 , 1 ,

LS-DYNA Version 960

23.3 (SECTION)

*SECTION

=-2.0: 1 , 1 ,
r .
.
=-1.0: 1 , 1 ,
=0.0: 1 2 ,
1 2,
=+1.0: 2 , 2 ,
=+2.0: 2 , 2 ,
r .
,
=+3.0: 2 , 2 .
, SC00R ,
,
.


|SCOOR|, 2 3.
TS1

(CST=0.0, 2.0) (CST = 1.0)


s , n1. ,
*ELEMENT_BEAM_THICKNESS,
TS1 .

TS2

(CST=0.0, 2.0) (CST = 1.0)


s , n2.

TT1

(CST=0.0, 2.0) (CST = 1.0)


t , n1.

TT2

(CST=0.0, 2.0) (CST = 1.0)


t , n2.

NSLOC

s (
-):
=1.0: s=1.0,
=0.0: ,
=-1.0: s = -1.0.

NTLOC

t (
-):
=1.0: t =1.0,
=0.0: ,
=-1.0: t = -1.0.

23.4(SECTION)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*SECTION

.
,

ELEMENT_BEAM_THICKNESS,

. . . 23.1.

ISS

Iss.

Iss,

*ELEMENT_BEAM_THICKNESS, ,
ISS. . .23.1.

ITT

Itt.

Itt,

*ELEMENT_BEAM_THICKNESS, ,
I. . .23.1.

IRR

Irr (J). Irr,


*ELEMENT_BEAM_THICKNESS, ,
IRR. . . 23.1. IRR ( ),
, ISS+ITT .

SA

*ELEMENT_BEAM_THICKNESS, ,
SA. . . 23.1.

VOL

.
,
.
. 6
, ,
.
,
6 .

INER

.
.
6
,
,
.
,
6 .

LS-DYNA Version 960

23.5 (SECTION)

*SECTION

CID

I
(66-69,
93

95),
.
*DEFINE_COORDINATE_SYSTEM. CID=0,

, .
,
, .
, .
SCOOR.

CA

, 71, *MAT_CABLE.

OFFSET

. . ID 71, *MAT_CABLE.

RRCON


r
=0.0: ID r ,
=1.0: r.

SRCON


s
=0.0: ID s ,
=1.0: s.

TRCON


t
=0.0: ID t ,
=1.0: t

:
1.

2.

A.

3.

, .. ,
. ,
.
*DEFINE_COORDINATE_SYSTEM_ NODES
.
, .

23.6(SECTION)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*SECTION

$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$$$$ *SECTION_BEAM
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$
- (elform = 2, ..
$ ). .
$
$
:
a = 515.6 2
$
2- s:
ss = 99,660.0 4
$
2- t:
iss = 70,500.0 4
$
2- : irr = 170,000.0 4
$
*SECTION_BEAM
$
$...>....1....>....2....>....3....>....4....>....5....>....6....>....7....>....8
$
sid
elform
shrf qr/irid
cst
111
2
$
$
a
iss
itt
irr
sa
515.6 99660.0 70500.0 170000.0
$
*SECTION_BEAM_TITLE
Main beam member
$
$...>....1....>....2....>....3....>....4....>....5....>....6....>....7....>....8
$
sid
elform
shrf qr/irid
cst
111
2
$
$
a
iss
itt
irr
sa
515.6 99660.0 70500.0 170000.0
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$

LS-DYNA Version 960

23.7 (SECTION)

*SECTION

I tt = I ss =
p r4
J =
2

p r4
4

10
f tt = f ss =
9
A = pr2

J
f
tt
A

=~ p r 3 h
ss
=~ 2 p r 3 h
= f = 2
ss
=~ 2 p r h

h
t

tt

I
t

tt

bh

12
b3 h

12
4
1

b 3
~
b

J = 3 -. 21 ( ) 1 4 hb
h

12 h
6
f tt = f ss =
5
A = bh
ss

= I

t w

tf
2
~ h
I tt = 6 ( ht w + 3 bt )
f
b 2
~
bt + 3 ht w)
I =
6 ( f
ss
2 2(
2b h t w t )
f
~
=
J
( btw + ht f )
A
f tt =
[ 2( b + tw) t f]
A
f =
ss [ 2 h + t
t
(
f ) w]
=
+
A
2 ( bt
ht w )
f

Shear Area

= A = A
f

. 23.1. .

23.8(SECTION)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*SECTION
*SECTION_DISCRETE
: ,
- .
: *MAT_SPRING_... *MAT_DAMPER_...

1

SECID

DRO

KD

V0

CL

FD

CDL

TDL

SECID

DRO

. SECID *PART
.
/:
=0:
/
-,
=1:
/ .

KD

. . 1 2 .

V0

CL

. . 3 .

FD

( DRO=1).

CDL

( DRO=1) . .
4 .

TDL

( DRO=1) . .
4 .

LS-DYNA Version 960

23.9 (SECTION)

*SECTION
:
1.

KD, , TDL ,
.

2.

kd , , ,
,
:

V
Fdynamic = 1. + kd Fstatic ,
V0

V = ,
V0 = .
, , 15 /
, 2.5 ,
kd =1.5 V0=15.
3.

,
-, .
, .

4.

-
.
, ,
, ,
, .

. , ,
, .
-, *NODE BOUNDARY_SPC,
.

5.

23.10(SECTION)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*SECTION
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$$$$ *SECTION_DISCRETE
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$ : : , , , .
$
$
- (dro = 0),
$ 25.4 (fd = 25.4). ,
$
.
$
*SECTION_DISCRETE
$
$...>....1....>....2....>....3....>....4....>....5....>....6....>....7....>....8
$
sid
dro
kd
v0
cl
fd
104
0
25.4
$
$
cdl
tdl
$
$
$
-,
$ 2.5 15 /. ,
$. , 12.5 ,
$ .
$
*SECTION_DISCRETE
$...>....1....>....2....>....3....>....4....>....5....>....6....>....7....>....8
$
sid
dro
kd
v0
cl
fd
107
0
1.5
15.0
$
$
cdl
tdl
12.5
12.5
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$

LS-DYNA Version 960

23.11 (SECTION)

*SECTION
*SECTION_SEATBELT

: .
*PART.
.

1

SECID

SECID

1.

$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$$$$ *SECTION_SEATBELT
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$
,
$ *PART 10.
$
*SECTION_SEATBELT
$
$...>....1....>....2....>....3....>....4....>....5....>....6....>....7....>....8
$
sid
111
$
*PART

$...>....1....>....2....>....3....>....4....>....5....>....6....>....7....>....8
$
pid
sid
mid
eosid
hgid
adpopt
10
111
220
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$

23.12(SECTION)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*SECTION
*SECTION_SHELL_{OPTION}


<BLANK>
ALE

:
*SECTION_SHELL
*SECTION_SHELL_ALE

: .

1

SECID

ELFORM

SHRF

NIP

PROPT

QR/IRID

ICOMP

SETYP

1.0

0.0

0.0

T1

T2

T3

T4

NLOC

MAREA

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

LS-DYNA Version 960

23.13 (SECTION)

*SECTION
, ICOMP=1. NIP,
8 .
3,4,..

B1

B2

B3

B4

B5

B6

B7

B8

ALE .
. *CONTROL_ALE *ALE_SMOOTHING.
3

SECID

ELFORM

23.14(SECTION)

AFAC

BFAC

CFAC

DFAC

EFAC

START

END

AAFAC

. SECID *PART,
.
, . 1 2 .
=1:
-,
=2:
- ,
=3:
BCIZ,
=4:
C0,
=5:
-,
=6:
S/R - ,
=7:
S/R - ( ),
=8:
-,
=9:
- ,
=10: --,
=11: - ( ),
=12: (x-y) ,
=13: (x-y) ,
=14: ( y), ,
=15: ( y) , ,
=16: ( ),
=17: DKT,
=18: DK,
/ ,

LS-DYNA Version 960

*SECTION

=20:
=31:
=32:


, C0 (. ),
1- --,
8- --.

18

.
.
,
,
.
,

14 15,
. ,

.
, .. 1-11 16.
SHRF

,
.
LS-DYNA, BCIZ DK,


,
,
.
.
5/6.
;

.

NIP

.
( ) .
-
*CONTROL_SHELL.

.
=0.0:
2

=1.0:
1 ( )
=2.0:
2
=3.0:
3
=4.0:
4
=5.0:
5
=6.0:
6
=7.0:
7
=8.0:
8

LS-DYNA Version 960

23.15 (SECTION)

*SECTION

=9.0:
=10.:
>10.:

9
10
, .

(. 11-15
) ,
.
13 15 NIP=4,
2 2. NIP=0 NIP=1 *MAT_
SIMPLIFIED_JOHNSON_COOK,
. NIP 1,
, -.
PROPT

:
=1.0: - ,
=2.0: - ,
=3.0: -, , .

QR/IRID

, .
*INTEGRATION_SHELL:
<0.0: ,
=0.0: / ( 10 ),
=1.0: ,
.

ICOMP

- /
. 22,
23, 33, 34, 36, 40, 41-50, 54-56, 58, 59, 103, 116 194.
=1:
. ,
.

SETYP

, ELFORM 13, 14
15.
=1: ,
=2: ( ),
=3: ALE.

T1


*ELEMENT_SHELL_OPTION

T2

n2, . T1

T3

n3, . T1

23.16(SECTION)

n1,

LS-DYNA Version 960

*SECTION

T4
NLOC

MAREA

n4, . T1
( -):
= 1.0: ,
= 0.0: ( ),
=-1.0: .
, .
, .
.

B1

b1, ,

B2

b2, ,

B3

b3, ,

B8
.
Bnip

b8, ,
.

bnip,
NIP, ..

AFAC


=-1:

BFAC

CFAC

DFAC

EFAC

START
END
AAFAC

LS-DYNA Version 960



ALE

23.17 (SECTION)

*SECTION


#1
#2
#3
#4
#5

#1
#2
#3
#4
#5
#6
#7
#8
#9
#10


1
2
3
.0
-.5773503
.0
+.5773503
-.7745967
+.7745967
6
-.9324695
-.6612094
-.2386192
+.2386192
+.6612094
+.9324695

7
-.9491080
-.7415312
-.4058452
.0
+.4058452
+.7415312
+.9491080

8
-.9602896
-.7966665
-.5255324
-.1834346
+.1834346
+.5255324
+.7966665
+.9602896

4
-.8611363
-.3399810
+.3399810
+.8622363
9
-.9681602
-.8360311
-.6133714
-.3242534
0.0
+.3242534
+.6133714
+.8360311
+.9681602

5
.0
-.9061798
-.5384693
+.5384693
+.9061798
10
-.9739066
-.8650634
-.6794096
-.4333954
-.1488743
+.1488743
+.4333954
+.6794096
+.8650634
+.9739066

.
, .. , .
1, +1.

.
#1
#2
#3
#4
#5
.
#1
#2
#3
#4
#5
#6
#7
#8
#9
#10

3
.0
-1.0
+1.0

4
-1.0
-.4472136
+.4472136
+1.0

6
-1.0
-.7650553
-.2852315
+.2852315
+.7650553
+1.0

7
-1.0
-.8302239
-.4688488
.0
+.4688488
+.8302239
+1.0

8
-1.0
-.8717401
-.5917002
-.2092992
+.2092992
+.5917002
+.8717401
+1.0

9
-1.0
-.8997580
-.6771863
-.3631175
.0
+.3631175
+.6771863
+.8997580
+1.0

5
.0
-1.0
-.6546537
+.6546537
+1.0
10
-1.0
-.9195339
-.7387739
-.4779249
-.1652790
+.1652790
+.4779249
+.7387739
+.9195339
+1.0


.
, .. , .
1,
+1..
:

1.

31 32 CFD,
ISOLTYP=4 *CONTROL_SOLUTION.
*CONTROL_CFD_GENERAL ELFORM=31
INSOL=1, ELFORM=32 INSOL=3. ,

23.18(SECTION)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*SECTION
CFD
INSOL.
2.

:
=1:
-,
=2:
- ( ),
=6:
S/R -,
=12: (x-y) ,
=13: (x-y) ,
=15: ( y) , ,
=16: ,
=17: DKT,
,
=18: 4- 3-
(),
=20: 3 4 DSE
(),
=31: 1- - -,
=32: 8- - -
- , LS-DYNA
.

3.


.

.
,
, .. .
, ,
.
a. 8- 6-
,

,
, [62, 63].
b. 18
(Discrete Kirchhoff Quadrilateral DKQ) [64].
, DKQ ,


.
.
DKQ.
20.

LS-DYNA Version 960

23.19 (SECTION)

*SECTION

c. 20 8- ,
.
,
4- .
.
d.
.
e. 18 ,
.
. 20
.
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$$$$ *SECTION_SHELL
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$ :
$
elform = 10 --.
$
nip = 3
.
$
t1 - t4 = 2.0 2 .
$
*SECTION_SHELL
$
$...>....1....>....2....>....3....>....4....>....5....>....6....>....7....>....8
$
sid
elform
shrf
nip
propt qr/irid
icomp
1
10
3.0000
$
$
t1
t2
t3
t4
nloc
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$

23.20(SECTION)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*SECTION
*SECTION_SOLID_{OPTION}


<BLANK>
ALE

:
*SECTION_SOLID
*SECTION_SOLID_ALE

: .
1
1

SECID

ELFORM

AET

1, 2

2 ALE.
. *ALE_SMOOTHING .

AFAC

BFAC

CFAC

DFAC

START

END

AAFAC

LS-DYNA Version 960

23.21 (SECTION)

*SECTION

SECID

ELFORM

AET

AFAC

23.22(SECTION)

. SECID
*PART .
, (. 3 ):
=0:

*MAT_MODIFIED_HONEYCOMB.
. 4 .
=1:

( ),
=2:
S/R (
). . 5 .
=3:
8-

,
=4:
S/R (
) ,
=5:
ALE,
=6:
,
=7:
,
=8:
,
=9:

*MAT_MODIFIED_HONEYCOMB.
. 4 .
=10: ,
=11: ALE ,
=12:
,
=13:
,
=14: 8- ,
=15: 2- ,
=18: 8-

,
=31: -,
=32: 8- -.
,
ELFORM 7, 11 12.
=1:
( ),
=2:
(
),
=3:
,
=4:
.( ELFORM 7)
:
=-1: .

LS-DYNA Version 960

*SECTION

BFAC

CFAC

DFAC

EFAC

START
END
AAFAC



ALE

:
1.

31 32 CFD,
ISOLTYP=4 *CONTROL_SOLUTION.
*CONTROL_CFD_GENERAL ELFORM=31
INSOL=1, ELFORM=32 INSOL=3. ,
CFD
INSOL.

2.

*CONTROL_SOLID

10 15 .
, .
.

3.

:
=1:

,
=2:
S/R (
). . 5 .
=10: 1- ,
=15: 2- ,
=18: 8-
,
=31: 1- - ,
=32: 8- - .
- , LS-DYNA
.

4.

0 9,
*MAT_MODIFIED_HONEYCOMB, , , ,
,

LS-DYNA Version 960

23.23 (SECTION)

*SECTION
. 0
, 9
, .
0 ,
.
, , 9.
5.

2
, ,
,
. ,
- , .
,
, .

18. ,
..
.

$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$$$$ *SECTION_SOLID
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$
$

$
$ S/R ( , elform = 2) .
$ (sid = 116),
*PART.
$
*SECTION_SOLID
$...>....1....>....2....>....3....>....4....>....5....>....6....>....7....>....8
$
sid
elform
116
2
$
*PART
bolts
$
pid
sid
mid
eosid
hgid
adpopt
17
116
5
$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
$

23.24(SECTION)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*SECTION
*SECTION_SPH

: .

1

SECID

CSLH

HMIN

HMAX

1.2

0.2

2.0

SECID

. SECID *PART
.

CSLH

, .
.
1.05 1.3. 1. 1.3
.
.

HMIN


1)

HMAX

. (.
1)

(.

1.

LS-DYNA
. h
,
. ,
:
d
( h( t )) = h( t )div( v ) ,
dt

LS-DYNA Version 960

23.25 (SECTION)

*SECTION
h(t) , div(v) . ,
, ,
. .
, ..

HMIN * h0 < h( t ) < HMAX * h0 .


1 HMIN HMAX ,
.
2.

23.26(SECTION)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*SECTION
*SECTION_TSHELL

: .

1

SECID

ELFORM

SHRF

NIP

PROPT

QR

ICOMP

1.0

, ICOMP=1, NIP ( 8
).
2,3,..

B1

B2

B3

B4

B5

B6

B7

B8

SECID

. SECID *PART

ELFORM

:
=1:

( ),
=2:

2 2 ,
=3:

2 2, . .

SHRF
NIP

PROPT

LS-DYNA Version 960

. 5/6.
:
=0: 2 .
:
=1.0: - ,

23.27 (SECTION)

*SECTION

=2.0: - ,
=3.0: -, , .
QR

:
<0.0: ,
=0.0: ( ),
=1.0:
,

ICOMP

- :
=1:
.
.

B1

b1, .

, 4-
.

B2

b2, .

B3

b3,

B8
.
Bnip

b8,
.

bnip,

, ,
NIP.
:

1.

, 3,
, ,
1 2. 3
,
. 1 2 ,
, 3
, .

2.

23.28(SECTION)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*SET

*SET
*SET ,
, .
, ,
.
. :
*SET_BEAM_OPTION
*SET_DISCRETE_{OPTION}
*SET_NODE_OPTION
*SET_PART_OPTION
*SET_SEGMENT_{OPTION}
*SET_SHELL_OPTION
*SET_SOLID_{OPTION}
*SET_TSHELL_{OPTION}

*SET _TITLE
(). ,
80a, .
LS-DYNA .
.
GENERAL.
. ,
,

, BOX ALL.

LS-DYNA Version 960

24.1 (SET)

*SET
*SET_BEAM_OPTION
:
GENERATE
GENERAL
GENERATE , ,
.
.
: .

1

SID

2, 3, 4, ... (OPTION=) ( , *,
.)

K1

K2

K3

K4

K5

K6

K7

K8

2, 3, 4, ... (OPTION=GENERATE) ( , *,
.)

24.2 (SET)

B1BEG

B1END

B2BEG

B2END

B3BEG

B3END

B4BEG

B4END

LS-DYNA Version 960

*SET

2, 3, 4, ... (OPTION=GENERAL) ( , *,
.) : ALL, ELEM, DELEM, PART, DPART, BOX
DBOX.

OPTION

E1

E2

E3

E4

E5

E6

E7

SID

K1

K2

KNUM

BNBEG

BNEND

N.
, .. BNBEG
BNEND , .
,
. BNBEG BNEND
,
.

OPTION

GENERAL. . .

E1,..., E7

. . .
.

LS-DYNA Version 960

24.3 (SET)

*SET

( 7)

ALL

ELEM

e1, e2, e3, e4, e5, e6, e7

e1, e2, e3, ...

DELEM

e1, e2, e3, e4, e5, e6, e7

e1, e2,
e3,

PART

p1, p2, p3, p4, p5, p6, p7

p1, p2, p3, ...

DPART

p1, p2, p3, p4, p5, p6, p7


p1, p2, p3, ...

BOX

b1, b2, b3, b4, b5, b6, b7


b1, b2, b3,

DBOX

b1, b2, b3, b4, b5, b6, b7


b1, b2, b3, ...

24.4 (SET)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*SET
*SET_DISCRETE_{OPTION}
:
<BLANK>
GENERATE
GENERAL
GENERATE


. .
: .

1

SID

2, 3, 4, ... (OPTION=) ( , *,
.)

K1

K2

K3

K4

K5

K6

K7

K8

LS-DYNA Version 960

24.5 (SET)

*SET
2, 3, 4, (OPTION=GENERATE) ( , *,
.)

B1BEG

B1END

B2BEG

B2END

B3BEG

B3END

B4BEG

B4END

2, 3, 4, (OPTION=GENERAL) ( , *,
.) : ALL, ELEM, DELEM, PART, DPART, BOX,
DBOX.

OPTION

E1

E2

E3

E4

E5

E6

E7

SID

K1

K2

KNUM

BNBEG

BNEND

N.
, .. BNBEG
BNEND , .
,
. BNBEG BNEND
,
.

OPTION

GENERAL. . .

E1,...,E7

. . .
.

24.6 (SET)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*SET

( 7)

ALL

ELEM

e1, e2, e3, e4, e5, e6, e7

e1, e2, e3, ...

DELEM

e1, e2, e3, e4, e5, e6, e7

e1,
e2, e3,

PART

p1, p2, p3, p4, p5, p6, p7

p1, p2, p3, ...

DPART

p1, p2, p3, p4, p5, p6, p7


p1, p2, p3, ...

BOX

b1, b2, b3, b4, b5, b6, b7


b1, b2, b3,

DBOX

b1, b2, b3, b4, b5, b6, b7


b1, b2, b3, ...

LS-DYNA Version 960

24.7 (SET)

*SET
*SET_NODE_OPTION
:
LIST
COLUMN
LIST_GENERATE
GENERAL
LIST_GENERATE
.
.
: .

SID

DA1

DA2

DA3

DA4

0.

0.

0.

0.

2, 3, 4, ... (OPTION=LIST) ( , *,
.)

24.8 (SET)

NID1

NID2

NID3

NID4

NID5

NID6

NID7

NID8

LS-DYNA Version 960

*SET
2, 3, 4, (OPTION=COLUMN) ( , *,
.)

NID

A1

A2

A3

A4

2, 3, 4, (OPTION=LIST_GENERATE) ( , *,
.)

B1BEG

B1END

B2BEG

B2END

B3BEG

B3END

B4BEG

B4END

2, 3, 4, ... (OPTION=GENERAL) ( , *,
.) : ALL, NODE, DNODE, PART,
DPART, BOX DBOX.

OPTION

E1

E2

E3

E4

E5

E6

E7

SID

DA1

, . 1 .

DA2

DA3

LS-DYNA Version 960

24.9 (SET)

*SET

DA4

NIDN

NID

A1

, . 2

A2

A3

A4

BNBEG

N.

BNEND

N. ,
.. BNBEG BNEND ,
.
, .
BNBEG BNEND
, .

OPTION

GENERAL. . .

E1,...,E7

. . .
.

( 7)

ALL

ELEM

n1, n2, n3, n4, n5, n6, n7

n1, n2, n3, ...

DELEM

n1, n2, n3, n4, n5, n6, n7

n1, n2,
n3,

PART

p1, p2, p3, p4, p5, p6, p7

p1, p2, p3, ...

DPART

p1, p2, p3, p4, p5, p6, p7


p1, p2, p3, ...

BOX

b1, b2, b3, b4, b5, b6, b7


b1, b2, b3,

DBOX

b1, b2, b3, b4, b5, b6, b7


b1, b2, b3, ...

24.10 (SET)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*SET

:
1.

. ,
*CONTACT_TIEBREAK_NODES_TO_SURFACE
:
DA1=NFLF

DA2=NSFLF
DA3=NNEN
DA4=NMES
2.

,
; A1=DA1 ..

LS-DYNA Version 960

24.11 (SET)

*SET
*SET_PART_OPTION
:
LIST
COLUMN
LIST_GENERATE

.
.
: .
COLUMN . *AIRBAG *CONSTRAINED _RIGID_BODY_STOPPERS.

SID

DA1

DA2

DA3

DA4

0.

2, 3, 4, ... (OPTION=LIST) ( , *,
.)

24.12 (SET)

PID1

PID2

PID3

PID4

PID5

PID6

PID7

PID8

LS-DYNA Version 960

*SET
2, 3, 4, ... (OPTION=COLUMN) ( , *,
.)

PID

A1

A2

A3

A4

2, 3, 4, ... (OPTION=LIST_GENERATE) ( , *,
.)

B1BEG

B1END

B2BEG

B2END

B3BEG

B3END

B4BEG

B4END

SID

.
.

DA1

, . 1 .

DA2

DA3

DA4

PID

PID1

PID2

A1

, . 2 .

A2

A3

LS-DYNA Version 960

24.13 (SET)

*SET

A4

BNBEG

N.

BNEND


N.
, .. BNBEG
BNEND , .
,
. BNBEG BNEND
,
.

:
1.

. ,
DA1=T1 ,
DA2=T2 , (
T2=T1). *CONSTRAINED_RIGID_ BODY_STOPPERS
DA1 ,
.

2.

, ,
; A1=DA1 ..

24.14 (SET)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*SET
*SET_SEGMENT_{OPTION}
:
<BLANK>

GENERAL
:
.

SID

DA1

DA2

DA3

DA4

0.

0.

0.

0.

2, 3, 4, ... ( ) ( , *,
.)

N1

N2

N3

N4

A1

A2

A3

A4

LS-DYNA Version 960

24.15 (SET)

*SET
2, 3, 4, ... (OPTION=GENERAL) ( , *,
.) ,
.

OPTION

E1

E2

E3

E4

E5

E6

E7

I F

I F

I F

I F

SID

.
.

DA1

,. .

DA2

DA3

DA4

N1

n1

N2

n2

N3

n3

N4

n4, . 2 .

A1

, . 3 .

A2

A3

A4

NFLS

SFLS

OPTION

GENERAL. . .

E1,...,E7

. . .
.

24.16 (SET)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*SET

(A10,3I10, 4F10.0)

b1, b2, b3, a1, a2, a3, a4


bi, i=1, 2, 3.


,

.

BOX_SHELL b1, b2, b3, a1, a2, a3, a4


bi, i=1, 2, 3.
.
.

BOX_SLDIO

b1, b2, b3, a1, a2, a3, a4


bi, i=1, 2, 3.
,
.

BOX_SOLID

b1, b2, b3, a1, a2, a3, a4


bi, i=1, 2, 3.


.

PART

p1, p2, p3, a1, a2, a3, a4

p1, p2, p3
a1-a4.
.

,

.

PART_IO

p1, p2, p3, a1, a2, a3, a4

p1, p2, p3
a1-a4. PART,
,
.

,

, .

BOX

LS-DYNA Version 960

24.17 (SET)

*SET

(A10,7I10)

DBOX

b1, b2, b3, b4, b5, b6, b7


b1,
b2, ....

DBOX_SHEL b1, b2, b3, b4, b5, b6, b7


L


, ,
b1, b2, ....

DBOX_SOLI
D

b1, b2, b3, b4, b5, b6, b7


, ,
b1, b2, ....

DPART

p1, p2, p3, p4, p5, p6, p7


p1, p2, p3, ....

DSEG

n1, n2, n3, n4


n1, n2, n3 n4.
.

SEG

n1, n2, n3, n4


n1, n2, n3 n4.

:
1.

. ,
:
DA1=NFLS

,
*CONTACT_TIEBREAK_SURFACE_contact

DA2=SFLS

,
*CONTACT_TIEBREAK_SURFACE_contact

DA3=FSF

DA4=VSF

:
DA1=FSF

DA2=VSF

24.18 (SET)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*SET

, . *AIRBAG,
DA1=T1 , DA2=T2
, ( T2=T1).
*CONSTRAINED_RIGID_ BODY_STOPPERS DA1
, .
2.

, n4 n3.

3.

, ,
; A1=DA1 ..

LS-DYNA Version 960

24.19 (SET)

*SET
*SET_SHELL_OPTION
:
LIST
COLUMN
LIST_GENERATE
GENERAL
LIST_GENERATE


. .
:
.

SID

DA1

DA2

DA3

DA4

0.

0.

0.

0.

2, 3, 4, ... (OPTION=LIST) ( , *,
.)
1

EID1

EID2

EID3

EID4

EID5

EID6

EID7

EID8

24.20 (SET)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*SET
2, 3, 4, ... (OPTION=COLUMN) ( , *,
.)

EID

A1

A2

A3

A4

2, 3, 4, ... (OPTION=LIST_GENERATE) ( , *,
.)

B1BEG

B1END

B2BEG

B2END

B3BEG

B3END

B4BEG

B4END

2, 3, 4, ... (OPTION=GENERAL) ( , *,
.) : ALL, ELEM, DELEM, PART, DPART,
BOX, DBOX.

OPTION

E1

E2

E3

E4

E5

E6

E7

SID

.
.

DA1

, . 1.

DA2

DA3

DA4

LS-DYNA Version 960

24.21 (SET)

*SET

EID1

, . 2.

EID2

EID

A1

A2

A3

A4

BNBEG

BNEND


N.
, ..
BNBEG BNEND , .
,
. BNBEG BNEND
,
.

OPTION

GENERAL. . .

E1,...,E7

. . .
.

24.22 (SET)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*SET

( 7)

ALL

ELEM

e1, e2, e3, e4, e5, e6, e7

e1, e2, e3, ...

DELEM

e1, e2, e3, e4, e5, e6, e7

e1, e2,
e3,

PART

p1, p2, p3, p4, p5, p6, p7

p1, p2, p3, ...

DPART

p1, p2, p3, p4, p5, p6, p7


p1, p2, p3, ...

BOX

b1, b2, b3, b4, b5, b6, b7


b1, b2, b3,

DBOX

b1, b2, b3, b4, b5, b6, b7


b1, b2, b3, ...

:
1.

.
,
:
DA1=NFLS

,
*CONTACT_TIEBREAK_SURFACE_contact

DA2=SFLS

,
*CONTACT_TIEBREAK_SURFACE_contact

DA3=FSF

DA4=VSF

:
DA1=FSF

DA2=VSF

2.

3.

, ,
; A1=DA1 ..

LS-DYNA Version 960

24.23 (SET)

*SET
*SET_SOLID_{OPTION}
:
<BLANK>
GENERATE
GENERAL
GENERATE
.
.
: .

1

SID

2, 3, 4, ... (OPTION=none) ( , *,
.)

24.24 (SET)

K1

K2

K3

K4

K5

K6

K7

K8

LS-DYNA Version 960

*SET

2, 3, 4, ... (OPTION=GENERATE) ( , *,
.)

B1BEG

B1END

B2BEG

B2END

B3BEG

B3END

B4BEG

B4END

2, 3, 4, ... (OPTION=GENERAL) ( , *,
.) : ALL, ELEM, DELEM, PART,
DPART, BOX DBOX.

OPTION

E1

E2

E3

E4

E5

E6

E7

SID

.
.

K1

K2

K8

BNBEG

LS-DYNA Version 960

24.25 (SET)

*SET

BNEND

N.
, .. BNBEG
BNEND , .
,
. BNBEG BNEND
,
.

OPTION

GENERAL. . .

E1,...,E7

. . .
.

( 7)

ALL

ELEM

e1, e2, e3, e4, e5, e6, e7

e1, e2, e3, ...

DELEM

e1, e2, e3, e4, e5, e6, e7

e1, e2,
e3,

PART

p1, p2, p3, p4, p5, p6, p7

p1, p2, p3, ...

DPART

p1, p2, p3, p4, p5, p6, p7


p1, p2, p3, ...

BOX

b1, b2, b3, b4, b5, b6, b7


b1, b2, b3,

DBOX

b1, b2, b3, b4, b5, b6, b7


b1, b2, b3, ...

24.26 (SET)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*SET
*SET_TSHELL_{OPTION}
:
<BLANK>
GENERATE
GENERAL
GENERATE


. .
: .

1

SID

2, 3, 4, ... (OPTION=) ( , *,
.)

K1

K2

K3

K4

K5

K6

K7

K8

LS-DYNA Version 960

24.27 (SET)

*SET
2, 3, 4, ... (OPTION=GENERATE) ( , *,
.)

B1BEG

B1END

B2BEG

B2END

B3BEG

B3END

B4BEG

B4END

2, 3, 4, ... (OPTION=GENERAL) ( , *,
.) : ALL, ELEM, DELEM, PART,
DPART, BOX DBOX.

OPTION

E1

E2

E3

E4

E5

E6

E7

SID

.
.

K1

K2

.
.
K8
.
.

.
.

.
.


.
.

.
.

BNBEG

N.

BNEND

N.
, ..
BNBEG BNEND , .
,
. BNBEG BNEND
,
.

24.28 (SET)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*SET

OPTION

GENERAL. . .

E1,...,E7

. . .
.

( 7)

ALL

ELEM

e1, e2, e3, e4, e5, e6, e7

e1, e2, e3, ...

DELEM

e1, e2, e3, e4, e5, e6, e7

e1, e2,
e3,

PART

p1, p2, p3, p4, p5, p6, p7

p1, p2, p3, ...

DPART

p1, p2, p3, p4, p5, p6, p7


p1, p2, p3, ...

BOX

b1, b2, b3, b4, b5, b6, b7


b1, b2, b3,

DBOX

b1, b2, b3, b4, b5, b6, b7


b1, b2, b3, ...

LS-DYNA Version 960

24.29 (SET)

*SET

24.30 (SET)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*TERMINATION

*TERMINATION
*TERMINATION
.

*CONTROL_ TERMINATION, ,
. :
*TERMINATION_NODE
*TERMINATION_BODY
*TERMINATION_CONTACT

LS-DYNA Version 960

25.1 (TERMINATION)

*TERMINATION
*TERMINATION_NODE
:

.
*TERMINATION_NODE,
( 1, 2
3), ( 4).
, *TERMINATION,
*CONTROL_ TERMINATION. ,
.

NID

STOP

MAXC

MINC

NID

, . *NODE_OPTION.

STOP

:
=1:
x,
=2:
y,
=3:
z,
=4:
, .

MAXC

( ) ( 1, 2 3)

MINC

( ) ( 1, 2 3)

25.2 (TERMINATION)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*TERMINATION
*TERMINATION_BODY
:
.
*TERMINATION_BODY ,
( 1, 2 3)
( 4).
, , .
, *TERMINATION,
*CONTROL_ TERMINATION. ,
.

PID

STOP

MAXC

MINC

PID

, . *PART_OPTION

STOP

:
=1: x,
=2: y,
=3: z,
=4: , .

MAXC

( ) , 1, 2, 3 4:
=0.0: MAXC 1.0e21.

MINC

( ) , 1, 2 3
=0.0: MINC -1.0e21.

LS-DYNA Version 960

25.3 (TERMINATION)

*TERMINATION
*TERMINATION_CONTACT
: ,
. , ,
. ,

*TERMINATION,

*CONTROL_
TERMINATION. ,
.

CID

ACTIM

DUR

ACTIM
DUR

25.4 (TERMINATION)

CID

.
, *CONTACT
TITLE , CID.

.


, .
=0.0: .

LS-DYNA Version 960

*TITLE

*TITLE
*TITLE
: .

1

TITLE

TITLE

LS-DYNA Version 960

LS-DYNA USER INPUT

,
.

26.1 (TITLE)

*TITLE

26.2 (TITLE)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*TRANSLATE

*TRANSLATE
*TRANSLATE_ANSYS_OPTION
:
4
5
4 5 ANSYS.
: ANSYS,
LS-DYNA.
. file28
ANSYS.

1

FILE

, ANSYS, . .

FILE

ANSYS

LS-DYNA

N,Type,NODE,Val1,Val2,Val3

*NODE

EN,Type,I1,I2,I3,I4,I5,I6,I7,I8

*ELEMENT

MPDATA, R5.0, LENGTH, Lab, MAT,


STLOC, VAL1, VAL2, VAL3

*MAT_ELASTIC

LS-DYNA Version 960

27.1 (TRANSLATE)

*TRANSLATE

ANSYS- ___

LS-DYNA

ET, Type

*PART&*SECTION

R,R5.0,NSET,Type,STLOC,VAL1,VAL2,VAL3

DFLAB,NODF,LabD,LabF

NDOF.eq.Ui,ROTi; LabD.eq.0

*BOUNDARY_SPC_OPTION

NODF.eq.Vi; LabD.eq.0

*INITIAL_VELOCITY_NODE

NODF.eq.Ui,ROTi,Ai,Vi,;LabD.eq.lcid;
LabF.eq.val

*PART&*SECTION

*BOUNDARY_PRESCRIBED_
MOTION_NODE

NDOF.eq.Fi; LabF.eq.lcid

SFE,ELEM,LKEY,Lab,KEY,R5.0

LKEY.eq.lcid; Lab.eq.pressure

*LOAD_NODE_POINT

*LOAD_SEGMENT

:
1.

SASI
ANSYS - .

2.

R
ET R ANSYS.

3.

: 63.eq.shells, 45.eq.solids, 73.eq.solids, 4.eq.beams, 16.eq.pipes,


and 21.eq.lumped masses.

27.2 (TRANSLATE)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*TRANSLATE
*TRANSLATE_IDEAS_{OPTION}
:
<BLANK>
MASTER
: IDEAS/SUPERTAB,
LS-DYNA.
.
IDEAS.

1

FILE

IDEAS

FILE

IDEAS :

SDRC IDEAS

LS-DYNA

N,Type,NODE,Val1,Val2,Val3

*NODE

EN,Type,I1,I2,I3,I4,I5,I6,I7,I8
781
2411
780
2412

*ELEMENT
*NODE
*NODE
*ELEMENT
*ELEMENT

773
772
788

*MAT_ELASTIC
*PART&*SECTION
*PART&*SECTION

5
MASTER
5
MASTER
5
5
6

LS-DYNA Version 960

__

27.3 (TRANSLATE)

*TRANSLATE

SDRC IDEAS

MASTER

2430

*PART&*SECTION

755

*BOUNDARY_SPC_NODE

MASTER

791
time variation set.le.0.0
time variation set.gt.0.0

MASTER

790
load type.eq.1

27.4 (TRANSLATE)

LS-DYNA

*BOUNDARY_SPC_NODE
*BOUNDARY_PRESCRIBED_
MOTION_NODE
*LOAD_NODE

LS-DYNA Version 960

*TRANSLATE
*TRANSLATE_NASTRAN
:
NASTRAN, LS-DYNA.
. . .

1

NASTRAN.

FILE

NASTRAN :

NASTRAN

LS-DYNA

N,Type,NODE,Val1,Val2,Val3

*NODE

EN,Type,I1,I2,I3,I4,I5,I6,I7,I8

*ELEMENT

BEGIN BULK

GRID

*NODE

CORD2R

*DEFINE_COORDINATE_SYSTEM

CHEXA, CPENTA, CTETRA

*ELEMENT_SOLID

PSOLID

*PART and *SECTION_SOLID

CQUAD4, CTRIA3

*ELEMENT_SHELL

PSHELL

*PART and *SECTION_SHELL

CBAR, CBEAM

*ELEMENT_BEAM

CELAS1, CVISC, CDAMP1

*ELEMENT_DISCRETE

CONM2

*ELEMENT_MASS

MAT1

*MAT_ELASTIC

SPC, SPC1

*BOUNDARY_SPC_OPTION

LS-DYNA Version 960

27.5 (TRANSLATE)

*TRANSLATE

NASTRAN

LS-DYNA

RBE2

*CONSTRAINED_NODE_SET or
*CONSTRAINED_NODAL_RIGID_BODY_
ENDDATA

*END

:
1.

,
NASTRAN.

2.

LS-DYNA ,
NASTRAN. NASTRAN
, .
,
. NASTRAN
.


. *ELEMENT_DISCRETE.

CELAS1

EID

PID

N1

DFG

N2

VID

PF

. *PART *SECTION_SHELL.
PSHELL

3.

PID

MID

FORM

SHEAR

NIP

QR

HGID

NASTRAN
T.

27.6 (TRANSLATE)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*TRANSLATE
. *PART *SECTION_SOLID.
PSOLID

PID

MID

SCID

EOSID

HGID

4.

THRU SPC, SPC1 .

5.

RBE2, - (DOF 4, 5, 6)
, LS-DYNA ,
. LS-DYNA
RBE2.

LS-DYNA Version 960

27.7 (TRANSLATE)

*TRANSLATE

27.8 (TRANSLATE)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*USER

*USER
*USER_INTERFACE_OPTION
:
CONTROL
FRICTION
:
. . *CONTROL_CONTACT. CONTROL

, , .
D.
FRICTION

.
E.

IFID

NOC

NOCI

LS-DYNA Version 960

28.1 (USER)

*USER
. ( ,
NOCI)
1

UC1

UC2

UC3

UC4

UC5

UC6

UC7

UC8

0.

0.

0.

0.

0.

0.

0.

0.

IFID

NOC

.
, *CONTROL_CONTACT.

NOCI

NOCI .
NOCI NOC.

UC1

UC2

.
.
.
UCNOCI
.
.
.

28.2 (USER)

.
.
.

.
.
.

,
.
.
.

.
.
.

LS-DYNA Version 960

*USER
*USER_LOADING
: .
*USER_LOADING . ,
, , *.
, , (common)
LOADUD. .
. ( , . ,
*, .)

PARM1

PARM2

PARM3

PARM4

PARM5

PARM6

PARM7

PARM8

PARMn

LS-DYNA Version 960

n- .

28.3 (USER)

*USER

28.4 (USER)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*RESTART

*RESTART INPUT DATA


LS-DYNA ,
:
a) , LS-DYNA
. R=rtf
LS-DYNA
, . ,
.
.
b) , ,

,
- . ,
, . ,
.
, , ,
:
LS-DYNA I=restartinput R=D3DUMPnn
D3DUMPnn ( , ) n-
, -.
LS-DYNA ,
, I=restartinput :

LS-DYNA Version 960

29.1 (RESTART)

*RESTART
*CHANGE_OPTION
*CONTROL_DYNAMIC_RELAXATION
*CONTROL_TERMINATION
*CONTROL_TIMESTEP
*DAMPING_GLOBAL
*DATABASE_OPTION
*DATABASE_BINARY_OPTION
*DELETE_OPTION
*INTERFACE_SPRINGBACK
*RIGID_DEFORMABLE_OPTION
*STRESS_INITIALIZATION_{OPTION}
*TERMINATION_OPTION
*TITLE
*KEYWORD (. , )
*CONTROL_CPU
*DEFINE_OPTION
*SET_OPTION
.. *STRESS_INITIALIZATION
.

,
.
) ,
.
*STRESS_INITIALIZATION.
,
,
. . *STRESS_INITIALIZATION.
, ,
, . ,
,
CHANGE_VELOCITY_.... . .

29.2 (RESTART)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*RESTART
*CHANGE_OPTION
:
BOUNDARY_CONDITION
CONTACT_SMALL_PENETRATION
CURVE_DEFINITION
RIGID_BODY_CONSTRAINT
RIGID_BODY_STOPPER
STATUS_REPORT_FREQUENCY
THERMAL_PARAMETERS
VELOCITY
VELOCITY_NODE
VELOCITY_RIGID_BODY
VELOCITY_ZERO
: .

LS-DYNA Version 960

29.3 (RESTART)

*RESTART
BOUNDARY_CONDITION ,

() . ,
.. . ,
*.

NID

BCC

NID

, . *NODE.

BCC

:
=1:
x,
=2:
y,
=3:
z,
=4:
x y,
=5:
y z,
=6:
z x,
=7:
x, y z.

29.4 (RESTART)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*RESTART
CONTACT_SMALL_PENETRATION
,
,
. ,
*. . PENCHK *CONTACT.

ID1

ID2

ID3

ID4

ID5

ID6

ID7

ID8

IDn

CURVE_DEFINITION .
, .
DEFINE_CURVE . ,
*.
.

1

LCID

LCID

LS-DYNA Version 960

29.5 (RESTART)

*RESTART
RIGID_BODY_CONSTRAINT
. ,
*. . *CONSTRAINED_RIGID_BODIES.

PID

TC

RT

PID

, . *PART.

TC

:
=0: ,
=1:
x,
=2:
y,
=3:
z,
=4:
x y,
=5:
y z,
=6:
z x,
=7:
x, y z.

RC

29.6 (RESTART)

:
=0:
,
=1:
x,
=2:
y,
=3:
z,
=4:
x y,
=5:
y z,
=6:
z x,
=7:
x, y z.

LS-DYNA Version 960

*RESTART
RIGID_BODY_STOPPER
. , *. .
*CONSTRAINED_RIGID_BODY_ STOPPERS.
. ,
, .

1

PID

LCMAX

LCMIN

PSIDMX

BIRTH

DEATH

1028

DIR

VID

PSIDMN LCVMNX

PID

,
(-), . *PART.

LCMAX

,
, :
=0:
.
*DEFINE_CURVE
.

LCMIN

,
, :
=0:
.
*DEFINE_CURVE

LS-DYNA Version 960

29.7 (RESTART)

*RESTART

PSIDMX

,
-
.
*SET_PART.

PSIDMN

,
-
.
*SET_PART.

LCVMNX

,
, :
=0:

DIR

:
=1:
x,
=2:
y,
=3:
z,
=4:
, VID,
=5:
x,
=6:
y,
=7:
z,
=8:
, VID.

VID

.
*DEFINE_VECTOR .

BIRTH

DEATH

:



.

29.8 (RESTART)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*RESTART
STATUS_REPORT_FREQUENCY
.

1

IKEDIT

IKEDIT

LS-DYNA Version 960

D3HSP:
=0:
.

29.9 (RESTART)

*RESTART
THERMAL_PARAMETERS ,
/ .
*CONTROL_THERMAL. .
( 1 2)

TS

DT

TMIN

TMAX

DTEMP

TSCP

( 2 2)

REFMAX

TOL

TS

:
=0:
,
=1:
,
=2:
.

DT

:
=0:
.

TMIN

:
=0:
.

TMAX

:
=0:
.

DTEMP

:
=0:
.

TSCP

REFMAX

29.10 (RESTART)

(0.0 < TSCP < 1.0 ):


=0:
.
:
=0:
.

LS-DYNA Version 960

*RESTART

TOL

LS-DYNA Version 960

:
=0:
.

29.11 (RESTART)

*RESTART
VELOCITY_NODE .
, *.

NID

VX

VY

VZ

VXR

VYR

VZR

0.

0.

0.

0.

0.

0.

NID

VX

VY

VZ

VXR

VYR

VZR

1.

,
,
*CHANGE_VELOCITY_NODE.

2.

*CHANGE_VELOCITY, ,
, .

3.

*CHANGE_VELOCITY *CHANGE_VELOCITY_ZERO,
.

29.12 (RESTART)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*RESTART
VELOCITY .
, *.

1

NSID

VX

VY

VZ

VXR

VYR

VZR

Type

0.

0.

0.

0.

0.

0.

NSID

VX

VY

VZ

LS-DYNA Version 960

29.13 (RESTART)

*RESTART

VXR

VYR

VZR

:
1.

,
,
*CHANGE_VELOCITY_NODE.

2.

*CHANGE_VELOCITY, ,
, .

3.

*CHANGE_VELOCITY *CHANGE_VELOCITY_ZERO,
.

29.14 (RESTART)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*RESTART
VELOCITY_RIGID_BODY
. , *.

PID

VX

VY

VZ

VXR

VYR

VZR

0.

0.

0.

0.

0.

0.

PID

VX

VY

VZ

VXR

VYR

VZR

:
1.

2.

,
.

VELOCITY_ZERO .
*CHANGE_VELOCITY_ZERO, .

LS-DYNA Version 960

29.15 (RESTART)

*RESTART
*CONTROL_DYNAMIC_RELAXATION
: .

1

NRCYCK

DRTOL

250

0.001

TSSFDR

IRELAL

EDTTL

IDRFLG

0.995

TSSFAC

0.0

DRFCTR DRTERM

NRCYCK

-
( = 250)

DRTOL

(
= 0.001)

DRFCTR

( = .995)

DRTERM

.
(
= )

TSSFDR


. ,
TSSFAC, *CONTROL_TIMESTEP.
TSSFDR
TSSFAC.

IRELAL


[54]

EDTTL

IDRFLG

- :
=0:
,
=1:
.

29.16 (RESTART)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*RESTART
:

1.

,
NRCYCK, DRTOL, DRFCTR, DRTERM TSSFDR
, IDRFLG .

2.


, LS-DYNA ,
.
, . ,
, .

LS-DYNA Version 960

29.17 (RESTART)

*RESTART
*CONTROL_TERMINATION
: .

ENDTIM

ENDCYC

ENDTIM

:
=0.0

ENDCYC

. ,
.
=0.0

*CONTROL_TERMINATION,
.

29.18 (RESTART)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*RESTART
*CONTROL_TIMESTEP
:
.

DUMMY

TSSFAC

ISDO

DUMMY

DT2MS

LCTM

DUMMY

, . 1 .

TSSFAC


.
=0.0: TSSFAC .

ISDO

DUMMY

4- ;
3- 0, 1
2.
, ,
:
=0:
= /( ),
=1:
= /( ),
=2:

[ , / ].

,
, .
, . 1.

DT2MS

.
.
=0.0. DT2MS .

LCTM

,
:
=0.
LCTM .

LS-DYNA Version 960

29.19 (RESTART)

*RESTART
:
1.

*CONTROL_TIMESTEP,
.
.
0.0.

29.20 (RESTART)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*RESTART
*DAMPING_GLOBAL
: ,
.

1

LCID

VALDMP

0.0

LCID

VALDMP

LS-DYNA Version 960

,
:
=n:

n. , ,
-d(t)mv, d(t) n.
d ( ,
).

29.21 (RESTART)

*RESTART
*DATABASE_OPTION
ASCII. ,
.
SECFORC

RWFORC

, .

NODOUT

ELOUT

GLSTAT

DEFORC

MATSUM

NCFORC

RCFORC

DEFGEO

SPCFORC

dt .

SWFORC

( ).

ABSTAT

dt .

NODFOR

dt .

BNDOUT

RBDOUT

dt .

GCEOUT

dt .

SLEOUT

dt .

JNTFORC

dt .

SBTOUT

dt .

AVSFLT

dt AVS .

MOVIE

dt MOVIE.

MPGS

dt MPGS.

TPRINT

dt .

29.22 (RESTART)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*RESTART

1

DT

DT

:
=0.0: .

DT.

LS-DYNA Version 960

29.23 (RESTART)

*RESTART
*DATABASE_BINARY_OPTION

:
D3PLOT

DT .

D3THDT

DT
.

D3DUMP

.
.

RUNRSF

.
.

INTFOR

DT
.

DT/CYCL

DT

CYCL

29.24 (RESTART)


=0.0:

=0.0: .

LS-DYNA Version 960

*RESTART
*DELETE_OPTION
:
CONTACT
CONTACT_2DAUTO
ENTITY
PART
ELEMENT_BEAM
ELEMENT_SHELL
ELEMENT_SOLID
ELEMENT_TSHELL

: ,
.
: - ,
. .
CONTACT, CONTACT_2DAUTO, ENTITY PART.

ID1

ID2

ID3

ID4

ID5

ID6

ID7

ID8

IDI

*DELETE_CONTACT ,
, .

LS-DYNA Version 960

29.25 (RESTART)

*RESTART
ELEMENT. ,
*.

1

ESID

ESID

29.26 (RESTART)

, . *SET_SOLID, *SET_BEAM,
*SET_SHELL, *SET_TSHELL.

LS-DYNA Version 960

*RESTART
*INTERFACE_SPRINGBACK
:
LS-NIKE3D
. ,
, . LS-DYNA3D
,
LS-NIKE3D.

1

PSID

, .
*SET_PART.

PSID

,
. *
.

NID

TC

RC

0.

0.

NID

LS-DYNA Version 960

29.27 (RESTART)

*RESTART

TC

:
=0:
,
=1:
x ,
=2:
y,
=3:
z,
=4:
x y,
=5:
y z,
=6:
z x,
=7:
x, y z .

RC

:
=0
,
=1:
x,
=2:
y,
=3:
z,
=4:
x y,
=5:
y z,
=6:
z x,
=7:
x, y z.

29.28 (RESTART)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*RESTART
*RIGID_DEFORMABLE_OPTION
:
CONTROL
D2R

( )

R2D

( )

: ,
.
,

. .
*DEFORMABLE_TO_RIGID .

LS-DYNA Version 960

29.29 (RESTART)

*RESTART
CONTROL :

1

NRBF

NCSF

RWF

DTMAX

NRBF

- .

, ,

,
:
=0:
,
=1:
,
=2:
.

NCSF

- .

, ,
, :
=0:
,
=1:
,
=2:
.

RWF

- :
=0:
,
=1:
,
=2:
.

DTMAX

29.30 (RESTART)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*RESTART
D2R. ,
, *.

PID

MRB

,
.

PID

(-),
. ,
, -.

MRB

R2D . ,
, *.

1

PID

PID

LS-DYNA Version 960

29.31 (RESTART)

*RESTART
*STRESS_INITIALIZATION_{OPTION}
LS-DYNA.
.

.
, , :
<BLANK>
DISCRETE
SEATBELT

29.32 (RESTART)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*RESTART
*STRESS_INITIALIZATION
,
.
.

, , .
, , *.

1

PIDO

PIDN

PIDO

PIDO

, . *PART

PIDN

, . *PART:
=0:
, .

:
,
:
*STRESS_INITIALIZATION_DISCRETE *STRESS_INITIALIZATION_SEATBELT.

LS-DYNA Version 960

29.33 (RESTART)

*RESTART
*STRESS_INITIALIZATION_DISCRETE
.
. ,
*STRESS_INITIALIZATION.

*STRESS_INITIALIZATION_SEATBELT
.
. ,
*STRESS_INITIALIZATION.

29.34 (RESTART)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*RESTART
*TERMINATION_OPTION
:

.

:
NODE
BODY
: , ,
.
,
. 10 ,
.
*TERMINATION_NODE,
( 1, 2
3),
( 4). *TERMINATION_BODY
,
( 1, 2 3),
( 4).
, , .
,
.
*CONTROL_TERMINATION.
:

NID/PID

STOP

MAXC

MINC

LS-DYNA Version 960

29.35 (RESTART)

*RESTART
NODE:

NID

STOP

:
=1:
x - ,
=2:
y - ,
=3:
z - ,
=4:
, .

MAXC

( ) , 1, 2 3
.

MINC

( ) , 1, 2 3
.

BODY:

PID

STOP

:
=1:
x - ,
=2:
y - ,
=3:
z - ,
=4:
, .

MAXC

( ) , 1, 2, 3 4:
=0.0: MAXC 1.0e21

MINC

( ) , 1, 2 3
:
=0.0: MINC -1.0e21

29.36 (RESTART)

LS-DYNA Version 960

*RESTART
*TITLE
: .

1

TITLE

TITLE

LS-DYNA Version 960

LS-DYNA

, .

29.37 (RESTART)

*RESTART

29.38 (RESTART)

LS-DYNA Version 960

1.

Hallquist, J.O., A Procedure for the Solution of Finite Deformation Contact-Impact Problems by
the Finite Element Method, University of California, Lawrence Livermore National
Laboratory, Rept. UCRL-52066 (1976).

2.

Wilkins, M.L., R.E. Blum, E. Cronshagen, and P. Grantham, A Method for Computer Simulation
of Problems in Solid Mechanics and Gas Dynamics in Three Dimensions and Time,
University of California, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Rept. UCRL-51574
(1974).

3.

Hallquist, J.O., User's Manual for DYNA3D and DYNAP (Nonlinear Dynamic Analysis of Solids
in Three Dimensions), University of California, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory,
Rept. UCID-19156 (1981).

4.

Couch, R., E. Albright, and N. Alexander, The Joy Computer Code, Lawrence Livermore
National Laboratory, Internal Document Rept. UCID-19688, (January, 1983).

5.

Hallquist, J.O., DYNA3D User's Manual (Nonlinear Dynamic Analysis of Solids in Three
Dimensions), University of California, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Rept.
UCID-19156 (1982; Rev. 1: 1984; Rev. 2: 1986).

6.

Hallquist, J.O., User's Manual for DYNA2D An Explicit Two-Dimensional Hydrodynamic Finite
Element Code with Interactive Rezoning, University of California, Lawrence Livermore
National Laboratory, Rept. UCID-18756 (1980).

7.

Hallquist, J.O. and D.J. Benson, DYNA3D Users Manual (Nonlinear Dynamic Analysis of Solids
in Three Dimensions), University of California, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory,
Rept. UCID-19156 (Rev. 2: 1986; Rev. 3: 1987).

8.

Belytschko, T.B. and C.S. Tsay, Explicit Algorithms for Nonlinear Dynamics of Shells, AMDVol.48, ASME, 209-231 (1981).

9.

Hallquist, J.O., DYNA3D User's Manual (Nonlinear Dynamic Analysis of Solids in Three
Dimensions), University of California, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Rept.
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