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AutoCAD

25

-
-
2004

681.3.06
32.973.26-018.2
43

43

. .
AutoCAD 2005 . .: -, 2004.
400 .: .
ISBN 5-94157-242-5
AutoCAD 2005. , , ,
. , , ,
. .

681.3.06
32.973.26-018.2

:

. .
.

Ne 02429 24.07.00. 29.09.04.


70x100Vi. . . . . 32,25.
5000 . Ne 537
"-", 190005, -, ., 29.
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13.03.2002 . .
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199034, -, 9 , 12

ISBN 5-94157-242-5

. ., 2004

, "-", 2004



AutoCAD 2005

1. AutoCAD
1.1.
1.2.
1.3. AutoCAD
Quick Help
1.4.
2.
2.1.
2.1.1.
2.1.2.
2.1.3.
2.1.4.
2.2.
2.2.1.
2.2.2.
2.3.
2.3.1.
2.3.2.
2.3.3.

1
1
2
4
8
11
11
14
16
18
19
19
19
21
23'
25
27
28
29
30
30
32
35

IV

3.
3.1.
3.1.1.
3.1.2.
3.1.3. IntelliMouse
3.2.
3.2.1.
3.3.
3.3.1. ,
3.3.2.
3.3.3.
3.3.4.
3.3.5.
3.4.
4.
4.1.
4.1.1.
4.1.2. ,

4.1.3.
4.1.4.
4.1.5.
4.2.
4.3.
4.3.1.
5.
5.1. AutoCAD..
5.2.
5.2.1. 4
5.2.2.
5.3.
5.3.1.
5.3.2.
5.4.
5.5.
5.5.1.
5.5.2.
5.5.3.
5.6. A3

37
37
37
38
41
42
42
47
51
51
52
52
52
53
55
55
56
57
58
58
61
64
66
68
71
71
73
73
74
76
76
79
80
81
83
84
86
91

'

5.6.1.
5.6.2.
5.6.3.
6.
6.1.
6.2.
6.2.1.
6.2.2.
6.2.3.
6.3.
7.
7.1.
7.1.1.
7.1.2.
7.1.3.
7.1.4.
7.2.
7.3.
7.4.
8.

V
91
93
94
97
97
99
99
103
106
107
109
109
109
116
120
122
125
128
129
131

8.1. ...131
8.2.
.....140
8.3.
144
8.4.
146
9.
9.1.
9.2.
9.3.
9.4.
9.5.

10.
10.1.
10.2.
10.3.
10.4.

151
151
153
157
163
169
175
175
180
182
184

VI

10.5.
10.6.
10.7.
10.8.

11.
11.1.
11.1.1.
11.1.2.
11.1.3.
11.2.
11.3.
11.3.1.
11.3.2.
11.3.3.
12.
12.1.
12.1.1.

12.1.2.
12.1.3. ,
12.2. ,

12.3.
12.4.
13.
13.1.
13.2.
13.2.1.
14.
14.1. .
14.2.
14.3.
14.3.1.
14.3.2.
14.3.3.
14.4.
14.5.
14.5.1.

187
189
190
192
195
195
^...195
210
212
214
217
217
218
219
221
221
221
223
224
229
233
235
237
237
244
248
251
251
256
256
258
258
261
263
266
266


14.5.2.
14.6.
14.7.
14.8.

15.
15.1. ..
15.2.

16.
16.1.
.,..;
16.2.
16.3.

17.
17.1.
17.1.1.
17.1.2.
17.2.

18.
18.1.
18.2.
18.3.

19.
19.1.
19.2.
19.3.
19.3.1.
19.3.2.
19.3.3.
19.4.
19.4.1.
19.4.2.

VII
268
269
272
276

283
283
286

293
293
296
299

301
301
302
305
310

317
317
321
326

329
329
330
332
333
338
339
345
345
348

20.

355

20.1.
20.2.
20.3.

355
361
368

377

, AutoCAD. ,
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AutoCAD 2005, . , ,
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Layer Properties Manager (
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Windows XP Professional
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Quick Help ( ).
.

1.1.
.
.
1. Windows: WSSSiSSlM
.
2. :
<Ctrl>+<Esc> ( Start
()). ;

Programms (). ;

Autodesk. ,
;
AutoCAD 2005
AutoCAD 2005 .
3. Run ( ):
<Ctrl>+<Esc> ( Start
()). ;
Run (). Run
( );

Browse ().
Browse ();
C:/Program Files/AutoCAD 2005;
acad.exe
. Run ( ).
Open () ":/Program Files/
AutoCAD 2005/acad.exe";
.
4. Windows:
Start ().
;

Explorer ().
Exploring ( );

AutoCAD
. AutoCAD .
, :
dwg ,
AutoCAD;
dws ;
dxf ,
.
dwg.
.
1. (. 1.1)
Acadiso.dwt ( ).
,
420x297,
A3,
10x10. AutoCAD , .
2. AutoCAD , . .
.
3.
Startup ( ) (. 1.2), -

AutoCAD

13

, .
31 AutoCAD 2005 - [Drawingl.dwg]
Edit

Jnsert

Format

Xools

Qfaw . Dimension fciodify Window

Jjelp

iv ari ! ,&b

\ IjCommand:
|j{Command:
;jJ)Comiiand:

'_ToolPalettes
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1
i SNAP GRID^ ORTHO: POLARJ|DSNAP |OTRACK LWpJMODEL

. 1.1.
Startup

D Q

Start from Scratch

Default Sellings

Us,

f Imperial (feet and inches)

(? Metric

..

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Tip
Uses the default medic settings.

QIC

. 1.2. Startup

Cancel

14

1.2.
AutoCAD (. . 1.1),- , .

. AutoCAD
Drawingl.dwg, , , , File | Save As
( | ) .
.
( )
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X, Y, Z ( Z 0) ,
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, 3 , Command: ().
, . , , .

(. 1.3), <F2>.
Model ()
Layout (). Model ()
, .
.

15

AutoCAD

BEIB

AutoCAD Text Window - DrawingZ.dwg


Edit

Command:
Command: _circle Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/T""""
radius)]:
Specify radius of circle or [Diameter]:
Command:
Command:
Command: _line Specify first point:
specify nest point or [Undo]:
Specify next point or [Undo]:
specify next point or [Close/Undo]:
Specify next point or [Close/Undo]:
Command: _m2p Unknown command "M2P".

Press Fl for help.

Command:
Command:
Command: _polygon Enter number of sides <4>:
Specify center of polygon or [Edge]: _m2p First point of mid
mid:
Enter an option [Inscribed in circle/Circumscribed about cir
Specify radius of circle:
Command: I
. 1..

* * / Hine

45;

**

Linear
Dimension
MText
Curved

Hemispherical

jz,
ll
;

,.

., , . . . ' .:
1 Table - Imperial

Table-ISO

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VisualLisp
Expression

. 1.4. TOOL PALETTES

X.

16


, . Windows,
,
.
TOOL PALETTES ( ), (. 1.4).
,
.
, . , . Auto-Hide (),

, .
,
TOOL PALETTES ( )
.

1.3. AutoCAD
Quick Help
.

AutoCAD <F1>
Help () Help ().
(. 1.5) .
, ,
:
Contents () ;
Index () ;
Search () ;
Favorites () ;
Ask me () ,
.
Quick Help ( ) (. 1.6),
.
,
.
,
, .

AutoCAD

17

IK? AutoCAD 2005 Help: User Documentation


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AutoCAD 2005 Help

User's Guide
Command Reference
Oliver and Peripheral Guide
Installation and Licensing Guides
Customization Guide
AutoLISP, Visual LISP, and DXF
2 ActiveX Automation and VBA
~~ My Help

Welcome
to
AutoCAD
2005

( your question here


General Information

New Features Workshop


Help!
Use the Help System Efficiently
AutoCAD
Obtain Documentation Updates
2005 Help
View the Product Readme
provides
complete
information Help Files
for using
User's Guide
AutoCAD.
Command Reference
Clickthe
Driver and Peripheral Guide
links on the
Installation and Licensing Guides
right or use
Customization Guide
the
AutoLISP. Visual LISP, and DXF
Contents
ActiveX Automation and

tab to

MwUnl

. 1.5. AutoCAD

command
list

Creates
straight
line
segments
To draw
lines

. 1.6. Quick Help


18

ASSIST ()
Help | Info Palette ( | ).
Info Palette ( ) , , .

AutoCAD 2004 AutoCAD . .


5 ,
. , .
.
. .
.

1.4.
AutoCAD Windows, :
Close ()
AutoCAD (. . 1.1);
File () Exit ().
<Ctrl>+<Q>.

Save changes to Drawings,dwg?

. 1.7.

, (. 1.7). ,
.


,
AutoCAD,
.

2.1.

AutoCAD , Command:
() . , .

2.1.1.

Drawingl.dwg, AutoCAD,
, .
SAVEAS ():

, .
1. ( ) File (). (. 2.1),
. ,
.

20
File

Edit

View

Insert

Format

.New...
Hew Sheet Set...
Open...
: Open Sheet Set.,.
Load Markup Set...
Close

Save

Tools

Draw

Ctrl+N
Ctrl+0

Ctrl+S
Ctrl+Shift+S

eTransmit...
Publish to Web...
Export...
Page Setup Manager...
Plotter Manager,,,
Plot Style Manager..,
Plot Preview
Plot.,,
Publish,,.

Ctrl+P

View Plot and Publish Details...


Drawing Utilities
Send...
Drawing Properties...

Exit

Ctrl+Q

. 2.1.

2. Save As ( ). Save
Drawing As ( ) (. 2.2), :
File name ( ) ( );
Save in ( ) , .
3. Save (). dwg. AutoCAD dwg.
SAVE
(),
SAVEAS () .
.

21


al Save Drawing As
vl ^ \t_ *. ^'"-^

S ave in: I !( ^ D ocuments

Views

^ Tools ' ^

Preview

My Books

||
24
25

<1

Update sheet and view thumbnails now


File name:

|Vtulka!

Files of type:

AutoCAD 2004 Drawing (*.dwg)

JLJ

ave

Cancel

. 2.2.

2.1.2.
, . Drawing Units ( ),
UNITS ().
UNITS ():
,
.
1. Format
(). (. 2.3),
.
Units (). Drawing Units ( ) (. 2.4).
2. () Length () Decimal ().

22

.
Engineering () Architectural () , .
Format Tools Draw I
Layer.,.
Color,..
Linetype..,
Lineweight..,
. : . Text Style...
Dimension Style.,.
Table Style..,
Pli t styfe.,., .
Point Style,,.
Multiline Style...:
Units...
Thickness
Drawing Limits
Rename.,,
. 2.. Format

',-; ] Drawing Units


"Angle"
j Decimal Degrees
Precision:

"3.1
" lockvise
- Drag-and-drop scale
~~r~
Units to scale drag-and-drop content
I Millimeters
*]
" Sample Output"
1.5,2.0039.0
3<45,0
OK

Cancel

Direction...

Help

. 2.4. Drawing Units

23

3. Precision () .
4.
Angle (). AutoCAD ; g, . // d, ', ".
5. , Clockwise ( ), , .
6. Direction ()
Direction Control ( ),
, . .
X UCS ().
N

2.1.3.

, .
.
.
LIMITS ():

210x297, 4. LIMITS (), .
1. Format () (. . 2.3) Drawing
Limits ().
2. .
(. 2.5). <0.0000,0.0000> (
). , AutoCAD . X, Y.
<Enter>.
3.
210,297 <Enter>. AutoCAD

24

<420.0000,297.0000>,
acadiso.dwt.

JB

! Specif lower left corner or [/OFF] <0 . 0000, 0 . 0000> :


;Specify upper right corner <420 ,0000.297.0000>: 210,297
lilcommand:
:50237, 244JG550JHIOrjQ

B!5i 9; ] IOSNAP IOTRACK LWT [MODEL .$ ,.

. 2.5.
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.
LIMITS ():


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AutoCAD , .
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, (. 2.6).

. 2.6.
, .
1. Format
(). .

25

2. Drawing Limits ()
. [ON/OFF] ([/])
(. . 2.5) .
3. On () <Enter>. -AutoCAD
Command:
(). .
4.
, .

2.1.4.

( X Y).
. GRID
().
GRID (): ,

,
.
1. Tools (). .
2. Drafting Settings ( ). (. 2.7).
3. Snap and Grid ( ) , Grid On (F7) ( ).
GRID () (. 2.8)
<F7>.
4. Grid () Drafting Settings ( ) GridX spacing ( X)
X. ,
I,
. Y.
10x10.
2 . 537

26

Snap and Grid | Polar Tracking] Object Snap

riipjiii

find On (F7)

r Snap
Snag X spacing:

-j
0

I Snap Y spacing:

j Angle:

""' ' I
10

! X.base:

'JO

) Ybase:

[o~~

l . i Grid X spacing:
| Grid Y spacing:

pO
|10

"j

r Snap type 8t style ~


f*" Grid snap
i* Rectangular snap
f Isometric snap

r Polai spacing
| ^a,*,,,

r Grid"

PolaiSnap

Options..

Help

. 2.7.

ijlSelect objects: I found, 2 total


(Select objects:

. 2.8.

27

5.
<Enter> , . .
(. 2.8).
6. ,
View | Zoom | All ( | | ). ,

, X Y.

. X Y.

, GRID ()
.

2.2.

AutoCAD.
Options (), OPTIONS
() System ().
OPTIONS ():
, .
1. Tools () Options (). Options ().
2. System () Startup ( ) (. 2.9).
3. :

Show Startup dialog box ( );

Do not show a startup dialog ( ).

4. Apply (),
.

, , , , .

28
User Preferences| Drafting j Selection] Profiles|
General Options ~
Singte-drawing iompatibility model
F? Display OLE properties dialog
P Show all waming-messeges
" Beep on error in user input
I

" Load acadlsp with every drawing

| I W Allow long symbol names '


S tarlup:

IS how S tartup dialog box

iShow Startup dialoa box


|Do not show^sTartup dialog
"Live Enabler Options*
" Check Web for Live Enablers
Maximum number of unsuccessful checks

. 2.9.

2.2.1.
Startup ( ), , Create New Drawing ( ),
AutoCAD.
, Open a drawing ( ).
Startup ( ) (. . 1.2) ,
AutoCAD.
.

.
Open a drawing ( ).
, .
Start from Scratch ( ).
. ,
acadiso.dwt.
Use a Template ( ). , AutoCAD: C:\Documents and Settings\
\AutoCAD 2005\Rl6.1\enu\Template.
, .

29

Use a Wizard ( ).
, . .

2.2.2.

Startup
( ), AutoCAD
acadiso.dwt (, A3),
. AutoCAD
Select template ( ) (. 2.10),
.

Ira]Select template

Q. X v

Look k ]'Jj Template

" Tools

Preview

IQPTWTemplates
QsheetSets
@acad
Ejlacad -Named Plot Styles

33K_J
33

glacadiso

25

gacadlSO -Named Plot Styles

25

ANSI A (portrait) -Color Depe..

'28

SANSIA (portrait) -Named Plot..


SANSIA -Color Dependent Plot..

28
29
29
28
29
29
29

SpANS! A -Named Plot Styles


SANSI -Color Dependent Plot..
EfANSI -Named Plot Styles
ANSI -Color Dependent Plot..
-Named Plot Styles

_flpen.

FBename:
Files of type:

j D rawing emplate (". dwt)

. 2.10. Select template


Cancel

-r

30

2.3.


Display () (. 2.11) Options (),
Tools | Options ( | ).
, Window
Elements ( ) Crosshair size ( )
.
S

2.3.1.

, , AutoCAD,
.
5 Options
Current profile:

Unnamed Profile

Current drawing:

Dtawingl.dwg

Files iBispTayjj Open and Save) Plot and Publish| System| User Preferences| Drafting) Selection] Profiles)
Window Elements

Display bars in drawing window

r Display resolution
!

|g flOOO

Arc and circle srooothness

" Display screen


Segments in a polyline curve
Colors...

Fonts...

Rendered object smoothness


Contour lines per surface

Layout elements

Display performance

| 7 Display Layout and Model tabs

" Pan and zoom with raster & OLE


|7 Highlight raster image frame only

f? Display printable area


j

I? Display paper background

| F Apply, solid fill

? Display paper shadow

Show teKt boundary frame only


'& ~ Show silhouettes in wireframe

" Show Page Setup Manager for new layouts


I jy Create viewport in new layouts

Crosshair size

IF

'

- Reference Edit fading intensity

dOK

Cancel

. 2.11. Display Options

Help

31


Window Elements ( )
Options | Display ( | ) Display scroll bars in drawing
window ( ) ,
. ,
PAN (),
.


Display screen menu ( )
( ) (. 2.12).
AutoCAD
.
iSci-een Mend
AutoCAD
****
FILE
EDIT
VIEW1
VIEW 2
INSERT
FORMAT
TOOLS 1
TOOLS 2
DRAW 1
DRAW 2
DIMNSION
MODIFY!
MODIFY2

HELP

ASSIST
LAST
. 2.12.

32



.

Crosshair size ( ) (. . 2.11).
", Selection () Options
() (. 2.13).
a] Options
Current profile:

Unnamed Profile

Current drawing:

Drawingt.dwg

.. VFtes ] Display) Open and Save) Plot and Publish | System | User Preferences | Drafting Selection | Profiles)
'PickboxSize

! - rGjipSize

""""

:;

=.
" Selection Modes " '

-Grips "
ed grip color;

f7 Joun/verb selection
" Use S_hift to add to selection
" Press and drag

I Color 160
Selected grip color:

/ Implied windowing

Red

P" Qbject grouping


Associative Hatch

IF
"3

H over, grip color:

Green

P^ Enable grips
" Enable grips within blocks
P" Enable grip lips
h 00

OK

"

Object selection limit for display of grips

Cancel

fipply

. 2.13.

2.3.2.
Window Elements ( )
Display () Options ()
Colors () Fonts () , ,
AutoCAD.

33

AutoCAD
.
:
1. Tools () Options ().
2. Display ()
(. . 2.11).
3. Window Elements ( )
Colors (). Color
Options ( ) (. 2.14), AutoCAD.
4. Window Element ( )
Model tab background ( "").
5. Color ()
Apply & Close () .
6. , Options ().
alColor Options

Window Element:
[Model lab background

(Black

Default one element

Default All
Apply & Close I

Cancel

Help

. 2.14.

Default All ( ) ,
.

34
Command Line Window Font

FontStnle:

Font:
[11

Size:

-: |

^^^^ JM

1 0 Courier New
Fi'xedsys
1
ISOCTEUR

~J

zl

Sample Command!Line Font"

. 2.15.

Files j Display p'pe'nand'Save ]j plot and Publish | System) I


File Save
S_ave,as:
(AutoCAD 2004 Drawing (".dwg)
Ihumbnail Preview Settings,,.. ]
Incremental save percentage

50

I'.'..
File Safety Precautions
(7 Automatic save
|10

Minutes between saves

,17 Create Backup copy with each save


" Full-time CR validation
I

Maintain a ]og file

ac

File extension for temeorary files


Security flptions...

|7 Display digital signature information

. 2.16.

35


,
.
1. Tools () Options
().
2. Display ()
(. . 2.11).
3. Window Elements ( )
Fonts (). Command
Line Window Font ( ) (. 2.15), . , .
4. Font (), Font Style () Size
().
Sample
Command Line Font ( ).
5. Apply & Close () . .
6. , Options ().

2.3.3.

,
.
.
1. Tools () Options ().
.
2. Open and Save (/
).
3. File Safety Precautions ( ) Automatic save ()
Minutes between saves (, ) (. 2.16).
4. Create backup copy with each save
( ) bak, ,
.
5. Apply (),
.


, AutoCAD.

3.1.
- , .
,
(. . 2.3.1).
,
I (. 3.1),

.

ICommand: '_
([Command: Spei
Command: I

. 3.1.

3.1.1.
,
.

38


:
;
;
;
.



:
;
;
( ) ;
.

3.1.2.
, .


:
,
( );
;
;
Customize ().


RightClick Customization ( ),
:
1. Options ():
Tools | Options ( | ).

39

2. User Preferences (). ,


(. 3.2).
3. Shortcut menus in drawing area (
). Right-click
Customization ( ). , <Enter>.

Options
Unnamed Profile

Current profile:

!j|jj Current drawing:

Drawingl.dwg

Files I Display] Open and Save (Plot and Publish] System I

set Pie'Fe'r'enceslj D rafting Selection | Profiles |

p Windows Standard Behavior:

-Priority for Coordinate Data Entry ~~

I"? WJndows standard accelerator keys

(~ Bunning object snap


(* Keyboard entry

j |7 Shortcut menus in drawing area


Right-click Customization...

r Drag-and-drop scale
j

(* Keyboard entry except scripts

"Associative Dimensioning

Default settings when units are set to unitless:


Source content units:
I Millimeters

W Make new dimensions associative

_
Hyperlink":"

Jarget drawing units;


(Millimeters

Hidden Line Sellings...

:";

/ display hyperlink cursor, tooltip, and shortcut menu

-Fields
17 Display background of fields

yneweight Settings...

Field Update Settings...

OK

Cancel

Apply

Help

. .2.

4. Right-click Customization (
). Right-Click Customization (
) (. 3.3).
5. Right-Click Customization (
) , (
<Enter>). ,

40


:
Default Mode ( ).
:
Repeat Last Command ( ). <Enter>, . .
; "
Shortcut Menu ( ). .
Edit Mode ( ). ,
, , .
Repeat Last Command ( ).
, ,
;
Shortcut Menu ( ).
.
a] Right-Click Customization
~ jurn on time

ight-clicks

"

Longer click to display Shortcut Menu


Longer click duration: 1.25G

milliseconds

: Default Mode
If no objects are selected, right-click means
<"" fiepeat Last Command
(* Shortcut Menu
Edit Mode
-
'iI If one or more objects are selected, right-click means
j

f Repeat Last Command

{ <? Shortcut Menu

.,

Command Mode
j:. if a command is in progress, right-click means
I /" ENTER
I "f Shortcut Menu: ajways enabled
j (* Shortcut M enu: enabled when command options are present
Apply j. CloseJ

Cancel

Help

. 3.3.

v____

41

Command Mode ( ). , - :

ENTER. <Enter>;

Shortcut Menu: always enabled ( ).


;

Shortcut Menu: enabled when command options are present ( : , ). ,


- . . ,
<Enter>.

Turn on time-sensitive right-click ( )


. <Enter>, .
.

3.1.3. IntelliMouse
AutoCAD
IntelliMouse - .
,
.
,
.

.

.
,
MBUTTONPAN = .
^
^

^
^

AutoCAD 2005 MBUTTONPAN = 0,


(. . 3.4).

42

3.2.
AutoCAD , , ,
,
.
.
, ,
. AutoCAD
, .
" " (). ,
.
WCS (). AutoCAD
UCS (),
. , . .

3.2.1.
:
;
.


, ,
. <Enter>. ,
. AutoCAD .
.
.

X Y .
3.1. , 25.231
X , 8.345 Y .
: 25.231,-8.345
<Enter>.

43


X Y. ,
, @.
3.2. , -5.1
X 34.5 Y .
: @5.1,34.5
<Enter>.

, X Y ,
AutoCAD .
.


() X .
.
3.3. ,
8.65 , X , , 43.
: 8.65<43 <Enter>.


,
, @, ,
X .
3.4. ,
2.5 , X , , 30.
: @2.5<30 <Enter>.



.
.

44

. .
, :
<Shift> , ,
(. 3.4)
;

Object Snap ( ) (. 3.5).
-Temporary track point
From
Mid 0etween 2 Points
Point Filters
Endpoint
Midpoint .

,,

Apparent Intersect
Extension
Center
Quadrant
Tangent
Perpendicular
Parallel
Node
Insert
Nearest
None
Osnap Settings,,.
. .4.
Object Snap

/XXX-'
1 2

[
8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17

. 3.5.

AutoCAD 2005 . (. . 3.4)

45

Md Between 2 points ( 2 ).
.

, , .
1. Temporary Tracking Point ( ) , .
2. Snap From () , .
3. Snap to Endpoint ( ) .
4. Snap to Midpoint () .
5. Snap to Intersection ()
.
6. Snap to Apparent Intersect ( ) , .
7. Snap to Extension ( ) ,
.
8. Snap to Center () , ,
.
9. Snap to Quadrant () , , .
10. Snap to Tangent () , , .
11. Snap to Perpendicular ()
.
12. Snap to Parallel () ,
.
13. Snap to Insert ( ) .
14. Snap to Node () .
15. Snap to Nearest () , .
16. Snap to None () ,
17. Object Snap Settings ( ) (
OSNAP ()).

46

, , .

<F3> OSNAP ()
. Drafing Settings ( ) Object Snap
( ) (. 3.6).
Tools | Drafing Settings ( | ).
]Drafting Settings
Snap and Grid] Polar Tracking Object Snap
& Object Snap Tracking On [F11J

^ @E'lEiBilMI
r 0 bject S nap modes

D R ndpoint :

" Midpoint

fa.

~ ~

U " Insertion
Insertion
ti

SelectAII

h_ " Perpendicular
Perpendicular

Clear All

I*7 entel

J " Tangent

!3J i

Node

"

<0> " Quadrant

0 I

X . f* Intersection

//

Neajest
Apparent intersection

Parallel

W Extension
f-f\
*W :
~

Options...

To track from an Oshap point, pause over me point while in a


command. A tracking vector appears when you move the cursor.
To stop tracking, pause over the point again..

OK

Cancel

Help

. .6.

AutoCAD
. ,
, .
. , ( ), .
,
. AutoCAD

47

""

. ,
.
, , ORTHO (), .
.

3.3.
, ,
, . AutoCAD
, . AutoCAD
.
. Draw () (. 3.7), () .

,
. , ,
.
Line () .
Ray () , .
Construction Line () .
Multiline () .
Polyline () .
3D Polyline (3M ) , .
Polygon () .
Rectangle () .
Arc () .
. Circle () .

48
Draw Dimension

Modi

Line
Ray

Construction Line
Multiline
Polyline
3D Polyline
Polygon
.. , Rectangle
Arc

.:.-

Circle
Donut
Spline
Ellipse!
Block

Table,.,
Point
Hatch...
Boundary... ' f
Region
Wipeout
Revision Cloud
Text
; Surfaces
Solids :;

. .7.
Donut () .
Spline () -
(NURBS) .
Ellipse () .
Block () .
Table () .
Point () .
Hatch ()
.
Boundary ()
.
Region () - .

49

Wipeout () .
Revision Cloud () .
Text () .
Surfaces () .
Solids () .
. Modify () (. 3.8),
.

1 2

3 4

5 6

8 9 10

11 12 13 14 15 16

'
. 3.8.

:
Erase () 1.
Copy Object ( ) 2.
Mirror () 3.
Offset () , 4.
Array () 5.
Move ()
6.
Rotate () 7.
Scale () ( X, Y Z) 8.
Stretch () 9.
Trim () , 10.
Extend ()
11.%
Break at Point ( ) 12.
Break () 13.
Chamfer () 14.
Fillet () 15.

50

Explode () 16.

. , LINE
() .
, <Enter>, . , - , .
,
. , .

Options ()
Tools | Options ( | ).

Display ().

Display screen menu ( ).

Apply (),
. (. 3.9).
-.
AutoCAD
* # #:*

Bmake
Base
Attdef
Point
Divide

Measure
Bhatch
Boundary
Region

Mtext
Dtext
SURFACES
SOLIDS

Enter
Cancel

3P
2P
Ttr (tan tan radius)
Snap Overrides

ASSET
LAST

. .9.

Pan
Zoom

. 3.10.

51

(. 3.10),
. (
) .
.
. ,
<Ctrl>+<C> , <Ctrl>+<V>
.
(. 3.11).
Edit View

Insert

Format

Undo Group of commands

Tools

Draw

Dim

Ctrl+Z

Cut

Ctrl+X

Copy

Ctrl+C

Copy with Base Point

Ctrl+Shift+C

Copy Link
Paste

Ctrl+V

Paste Special,..
Clear

Del

Select All

Find,,.

. 3.11. Edit

3.3.1. ,

Select () .
Enter () .
Specify ()
, <Enter> .

3.3.2.
:
<Enter> ;

52

, ,
Repeat ();
,
Recent Commands (
). 6 .
.

3.3.3.
<Esc>.

3.3.4.

:
OOPS () ;
< UNDO (), ,

Edit | Undo ( | ).
<Ctrl>+<Z> (. . 3.11);
UNDO (), , , ,
<Enter>;
I I REDO (), ,
UNDO ().

3.3.5.
.
:
;
;
.
-

53_

(').
. , GRID (), SNAP (), ZOOM
(), PAN ().

3.4.
AutoCAD.
.
, AutoCAD.
.

. .

.



, AutoCAD,
,
.
'

4.1.
,
.
. AutoCAD
:
Standard ()
AutoCAD;

Windows

Styles () ,
;
Layers ()
;
Properties ()
;
Draw ()
;
Modify () .

.
, AutoCAD
.

56

4.1.1.
, , , .
1. ( ) . (. 4.1).

. 4.1.

2. .
.
3. <F1>. , (. 4.2).
Sf AutoCAD 2005 Help: User Documentation

:::;?>^

) I

_111

) L Commands
%. LAYER
g) LAYERP
(2 LAYERPMODE
(2 LAYOUT
^ LAYOUTWI2ARD
^ LAYTRANS
2 LEADER
2 LENGTHEN
fe LIGHT
LIMITS
?11
^ LINETYPE
LIST
_ LOAD
LOGFILEOFF
L06FILEON
LSEDIT
LSLIB
LSNEW
LTSCALE
LWEIGHT

Creates straight line segments

K> Draw toolbar:


Draw menu: Line
Command line: line
Specify first point: Specify a point or pfess ENTER
to continue from the last drawn line or arc
Specify next point or tciosertjndol

Display all hidden text on this page.

. 4.2.

.rj

57

, , CUSTOMIZE ().

4.1.2.
,


, .
1. View () Toolbars (). Customize () Toolbars ()
(. 4.3).
Customize
Commands oolbars | Properties | Keyboard | ool Palettes |
loolbars

Menu Group

Qename...

Draw Order
] Inquiry
] Insert
Layers
"21 Layouts
y! Modify
IjModify II
] Object Snap
59 Properties
IJRefedit
^Reference
~] Render

New..

CUSTOM

JCAD Standards
] Dimension

Delete

" Large buttons


17 S_how Tooltips on toolbars
!>7 Show shortcut j$eys in TooiTips

J
Help

. 4.. Customize Toolbars


',

2. Toolbars () .
,
. , .
3 . 537

58

3. Customize (), Close


() .
*

. ' ' ' ' *

4.1.3.
. (. 4.4)
.
-
( ). .
1.
(. . 4.4), . .
2. ,
, .

.

. 4.4. Text Inquery


4.1.4.
,
.
.
1.
. , Customize ().
2. Toolbars ()
Customize (), ,

59

. .
3. , Toolbars (),
Rename (). Rename Toolbar ( ) (. 4.5), .
raCuitttfi'iize
Commands Toolbars j Properties} Keyboard| Tool Palettes j
Menu Group
New...
Rename..

Toolbar

Delete

Toolbar name:

OK

Cancel

bars

iv bnow shortcut Keys in ToolTips

Close

Help

. 4.5.

4. , Toolbars (),
Delete (). (. 4.6),
. .

Are you sure you want to delete the "Toolbarl" toolbar


From the "CUSTOM" menu group?

OK

. 4.6.

60

5. ,
, :
Large buttons ( )
(32x30 ).
16x15 .

Show ToolTips on toolbars ( )


,
.
Show shortcut keys in ToolTips ( )
.
6.
.
7. Commands () Customize ().
Categories (),
Commands () (. 4.7). , ,
.
aj Customize
Commands j Toolbars I Properties) Keyboard) Tool Palettes j
Categories

"ommands

File

View
Insert
Format

Tools

Dimension
Modify
Window
Help

Description:
Creates a circle using a specified
diameter: CIRCLE

' Circle 2 Point

User defined

0 Circle Center Radius


IfJlCircle Center Diameter
Circle3 Point :

_J

^Circle Tan Tan Radius


Circle Tan Tan Tan
Donut
[J Spline
<2> Ellipse Center

^_
Show image and name
I4, Drag command to drawing area to
"
create new toolbar. Drag command to
toolbar to add button or to tool palette
T;
1
to add tool
;

Close

Help

. 4.7. Commands Customize

61

8. ,
.
9. Close () .

4.1.5.
,
, AutoCAD,
, .
,
.
1. Tools () Customize (). , Toolbars
(). Customize () Toolbars ().
2. Menu Group ( ) CUSTOM ().
ACAD, .
3. New ().
New Toolbar ( ) (. 4.8).
altuslonrize
Commands Toolbars ] Properties] Keyboard j Tool Palettes |
Toolbars

Menu Group
ACAD

New,.

1.1*1

Ita] New Toolbar


Joolbat name:

[
ave toolbar in menu group:

iiJaisTOM
OK

Cancel

bars

j iysinToolTips

Close

. 4.8. New Toolbar

Help

62

4. Toolbar
name ( )
. , Toolbars () Customize () .
5. Commands () Categories () User defined ().
Commands () .
6. Commands () User Defined Button
( ) , ,
,
. - .

Reset
Delete
Copy Button Image
Paste Button Image
Reset Button Image
Edit Button Image,.,
y Bf
Properties.

. 4.9.

7. Customize ()
,
. (. 4.9), Properties (). Customize
() Button Properties ( ) (. 4.10).
8. Name () ,
. . 4.10
.
9. Description ()
. Commands ()
Categories ().
10. Macro associated with this button ( )
~.
: -_: (, ).

63

JBEnl

Iff] Customize

Commands | Toolbars Button Properties | Keyboard j Tool Palettes |


:

Sescrif tion:

|
j

Button Image

. dit...

:: Mac' associated with this button:

-ex LIMITS]

:j:

;;

1
.

'-

IMSL
;' <S>
/-*

*$ -

Apply
Close

Beset

Help

. 4.10. Customize

Button Editor

Clear

More...

Undo"

SaveAs...

Save

Close

Help

. 4.11.

i .

64

11. Edit () . Button Editor ( ) (. 4.11).


12. Grid () (
, ),
. :

Clear () ;

Open ()
( bmp);
Undo () ;

Save As ( ) ;

Save () bmp;
Close ()
.
13. Customize () Button
Properties ( ),
Apply () Close ()
.

, AutoCAD. , .
, ,
.
. Customize ()
Commands () User defined ()
Categories () User
Defined Flyout ( ).
, .

4.2.

29 .
, , . 8
, - ,

65

. . 4.1
,
.
4.1. AutoCAD,

CAD Standards
( )
Dimension ()

Draw ()

Draw Order
( )

Inquery ()

Insert ()

, ,
,

Layers ()

Layouts ()

Modify ()

Modify-ll (-2)

, , ,

Object Snap
( )

Properties ()

Refedit
( )

References ()

Standard ()

Windows
AutoCAD

Styles ()

Text ()

UCS ()

66

4
4.1 ()

Viewports ( )

Web

Zoom ()

4.3.
AutoCAD .
(. 4.2)
.
4.2.

<Alt>+<F11>

VBAIDE

Visual Basic

<Alt>+<F8>

VBARUN

VBA-

<Ctrl>+<0>

,
PROPERTIES

<Ctrl>+<2>

ADCENTER


AutoCAD

<Ctrl>+<3>

TOOLPAUETTES

<Ctrl>+<6>

DBCONNECT

AutoCAD

<Ctrl>+<A>
<Ctrl>+<B>
<CtrI>+<C>


<F9>

SNAP

COPYCLIP


Windows

67
4.2 ()

<Ctrl>+<D>

<F6>

COORDS

<Ctrl>+<E>

<F5>

<Ctrl>+<F>

<F3>

OSNAP

<Ctrl>+<G>

<F7>

SRID
PICKSTYLE

<Ctrl>+<H>

<Ctrl>+<J>

<Enter>

HYPERLINK

<Ctrl>+<K>

ORTHO

<Ctrl>+<N>

NEW

<Ctrl>+<O>

OPEN

Select
File ( )

<Ctri>+<P>

PLOT

Plot
()

<Ctrl>+<Q>

EXIT

<Ctrl>+<L>

<F8>

<Ctrl>+<R>
SAVE

<Ctrl>+<S>

<Ctrl>+<T>


Save
Drawing As ( )

<F4>

<Ctrl>+<V>

PASTECLIP

<Ctrl>+<X>

CUTCLIP


Windows


Windows

68

4.2 ()

<Ctrl>+<Z>

UNDO

<Ctrl>+<Shift>+<C>

COPYBASE

<Ctrl>+<Shift>+<S>

SAVEAS

<Ctrl>+<Shift>+<V>

PASTEBLOCK

HELP

<F2>

TEXTSCR
GRAPHSCR

<F10>

AUTOSNAP

AUTOSNAP

4.3.1.
AutoCAD
(. . 4.2). ,
,
. ,
Windows, , <F10>, <Ctrl>+<F4>, <Ctrl>+<F6>
<Ctrl>+<Alt>+<Del>. ,
AutoCAD , . ._
, .
1. Tools () Customize (),
Keyboard (). Customize () Keyboard () (. 4.12).
2. Menu Group ( ) .
3. Categories ()
, . Commands ()
, .

69

[fajCustomize
Commands| Toplbars] Flyout Properties Keyboatd | Tool Palettes(
Categories

Group

JToolbarl Toolbar
'

Assign

Commands

Show All...

Description:

Currently assigned to:


[unassigned]
'

Close

Help

. 4.12. Keyboard Customize

4. Commands ().
5. Press new shortcut key ( ), <Ctrl> , , . AutoCAD, Currently assigned to
( ) .
6. Assign () .
Press new shortcut key ( )
Current Keys ( ).
7. Close () .



, AutoCAD, LINE (), RECTANG (),
ARRAY (), ERASE (), OFFSET (), TRIM
(), ZOOM (),
4 A3. A3,
,
.

5.1.
AutoCAD
,
acadiso.dwt, , . ,
, .
AutoCAD 2000,
.
. Window () (. 5.1).
,
Startup ( ) System
() Options () (. . 2.2)
FILEDIA:
1. FILEDIA=1, Create
New Drawing ( ) Select template ( ) (. . 2.10), .
2. FILEDIA=0, ,

72

, (. 5.2).
Window

1*

: Close

. All
Cascade
Tile [Horizontally
lite Vertically
Arrange Icons
1 Drawingl.dwg
F:\KNG4_NEW\GLAVAl\Flanez.dwg
3 F:\ACAD2000\SOLID\DWG\A3.DWG
v 4 F::\ACAD2000\SOLID\DWG\CHERTEZH.DVVG:

. 5.1. Window ,

Enter template f ile name or [. (for none)] <C: \Docxments and SettingsxPOG^Local
Gettings\Application Data\Autodesk.\AutoCAD 2005\R16 . l\enu\Template\Acad -named plot
styles. dwt> :
,., ^ _~
4.4334, 961. 3342. 0.0000
I SNAP; GRID) ORTHO^ POLAR. QSNAP|QTRACK LWT|| MODEL

. 5.2. FILEDIA=0

FILEDIA:

FILEDIA , .
1.
<Enter>. FILEDIA.
2. <Enter>.
,
FILEDIA=1, Create New Drawing ( )
, .
, . . .
NEW ():
.
1. File () New ()
(. . 2.1) )2! New ()

.
template ( ).

73

Select

2.
, .
3. (. . 2.1.1).
4.
(. . 2.1.2).
5. (. . 2.1.3).
6. (.
. 2.1.4).
.

5.2.
4. 3 ,
, ,
AutoCAD.
1. 4.
2. .
3. .
, (. . 2.1):
A4.dwg;
0.0;
210x297, 4;
10x10.
- ( A3),
.

5.2.1. 4


. ,
.

74
LINE ():

Start point ( ) Next point ( ).


(X,Y)
. , .
1. Draw () Line ().

Command:Jine Specify first point: (: _ :)
2. (0,0)
<Enter>.
, , .
Specify next point or [Undo]: ( []:)
3. (210,0)
<Enter>. , : Undo ()
<Enter>. .
4. (210,297) , , <Enter>.
, ,
, . .
Specify next point or [Close/Undo]:
( [/]:)
5. (0,297) , , <Enter>.
.
6. Close () <Enter>.
, . .
, .

5.2.2.
4 , 20, 5 . -

75

. (20,5),
(205,292).
.
RECTANG ():
X Y
. () , Elevation () Thickness () . , .
1. Draw () Rectangle ().
Command: _rectang
Specify first corner point or [Chamfer/Elevation/Fillet/Thickness/Width]:
(: _
[////]:)
2. (20,5) <Enter>. " ",
Specify other corner point or [Dimensions]:
( []:)

. 5.3. 4

76

5
Dimensions () , .

.
.

3. (205,292)
< Enter>.
, () , ()
(. 5.3).

5.3.

. (. . 5.3)
, ,

.

5.3.1.
,
.

Select objects: ( :).
.
.
. , .
. , .

,
<Enter>.
.

SELECT (), <Enter>,
(. 5.1).

77
5.1.

Last ()

BOX ()

,
.
Window ()
Crossing ( )

ALL ()

, ""

Fence()

Wpolygon (-)

Cpolygon (-)

, ,

Group ()

Add ()

Remove ()

Multiple ()

. <Enter>

Previous ()

Undo ()

Single ()

,


<Enter>

AutoCAD
. .
i
GROUP ():
, .
1. GROUP ()
<Enter>. Object Grouping ( )

(. 5.4).

78

Object Grouping
GrouijNdme

Selectable

Group Identification
Group Name:
[
Find Name. < ' : . - I

, Highlights

Selectable

1 Include Unnamed

:. :l

Unnamed

Change Group
,

Remove <
Description

Add<

Rename
Explode

Re-Order...

Selectable

Cancel

. 5.4.

2. Group Identification ( )
Object Grouping ( ) .
,
Unnamed ( ).
3. New ().
, .
4. ,
, <Enter> . Object Grouping
( ).
5. Selectable (),
. , .
6. Object Grouping ( ).
GROUP ():
, .
1. Object Grouping ( ),-
GROUP () <Enter>.

79

2. Object Grouping ( ) Group Name ( ),


, ,
.
Remove () .
, .
Add () .
Rename ()
.
Re-Order () ,
.

Description () ,
Description () ( 64 ).

Explode () . , , .
Selectable () .
3.
Object Grouping ( ).
'

PICKSTYLE:



PICKSTYLE.
<Ctrl>+<H>.
:
0 .
1 3 .
Tools () Options ().
Select () Object Grouping
( ).

5.3.2.
.
ERASE ().
.
<Delete> .

80

ERASE ():
(. . 5.3),
.
1. Modify () Erase (). .
2.
(. . 5.3). .
3. <Enter>.
.


1. . .
2. Edit () Cut ().
<Ctrl>+<X>.
, .
Windows.

<Delete>
1. . .
2. <Delete>. .

5.4.
AutoCAD , ,
. ., . .
,
( . 5.3) , , .
1. Line (),
Draw ().
.
2. <Shift> , ,
(. . 3.4).

81

3. Endpoint ( ).
:
Command: _line Specify first point: _endp of
(: _ : _)
4.
]
(. 5.5) . " ",
, ,
.

Endpoinj]

. 5.5.

5. . " ", , ,
.
6. <Enter> Line ().

(. . 5.3), a AutoCAD .

5.5.



.
ZOOM ():
,
.

82

! View Insert : Format

Tools Draw

Redraw
Regen
Regen All

^ '

Pan
Aerial View

Clean Screen
Viewports
Named Views...
3D Views
3D Orbit
Hide
Shade
Render
Display
Toolbars

Dimen

Ctrl+0
*
;/;>,'-

Realtime
Previous
Window
Dynamic
Scale
Center
Object

In
Out

>

All
Extents

. 5.6. Zoom

. 5.7.

83


ZOOM (). Window
(), .
.
1. View () Zoom (). (. 5.6) .
2. Window (). .
3. , ,
.
" ".
4. , (. 5.7).

5.5.1.

55
. From (),
,
.
.
From ():
1. , Draw
() Line (). .
From ().
2. (. . 3.4) ,
From ().

.
3. Intersection (). .
4.

84

. .
" ", .
5. @0,55
. " ", , , 55
,
.
ORTHO ():

ORTHO ()
.
ORTHO () . " "
X Y,
Perpendicular ().
Perpendicular ():

1. (. . 3.4) , Perpendicular ().
2. ' .
. "
", , , .
3. <Enter> .
10 , 5 .

5.5.2.

AutoCAD .
COPY (),
ARRAY ()
OFFSET ().
.

85


ARRAY ()
, ( )
.
,
.
1. Array (),
Modify (). Array
() (. 5.8).
2. Rectangular Array ( ).
til Array
1* Hectangular Array

Eolar Array

( J Select objects
0 objects selected

Rows:

JTI

ij Cojumns: ,

Offset distance and direction"


Row offset:
Column offset:

||
i

Angle of array:

|0

3F

Tip

By default, if the tow offset is negative,


rows are added downward. If the
column offset is negative, columns are
added to the left

Cancel
Preview
Help

. 5.8.
3. Select objects ( ).
, .
4. <Enter>. Array ().
5. Row offset () 11 (
), Column offset () 1.
6. (-5) ( Y) . (

86

) .
, . . .

.
7. 0 Angle of array ( ).
8. .
(. 5.9).

-*. 5.9.

5.5.3.

, OFFSET (),
.
, .
, .
1. .
2. @7,0 . From () Intersection ().
3. Perpendicular () .
4. " " <Enter>
.

87


OFFSET ().
OFFSET ():
OFFSET () , , . .
1. Offset (),
Modify ().
.
2. 10 <Enter>. .
3. ,
7 .
4. ,
. ,
.
5. , <Enter>, . . .
: 23, 15, 10, 70, 5, 5, 5, 5 17.
,
(. 5.10). ,
(. . 3.3.2).

. 5.10. ,

(. 5.11)
ERASE ()
TRIM ().

88

. 5.11.

TRIM ():

. TRIM () ,
, .
1. , ,
Modify () Trim
(). .
2. , ,
<Enter>. , <Enter>,
. . .
3. .
<Enter>. .
, ,
<Shift>.
ERASE
(). (. 5.11), ,
.
, , .

, ZOOM | WINDOW
( | ). .

89

ZOOM ():

ZOOM () Previous ()
, .
View ()
Zoom | Previous ( | ).
.
,
,
Zoom Previous ( ), .
4, . .
,
. AutoCAD
dwt.
SAVEAS ( ):

, ,
.
1. File () Save As ( ). Save Drawing As ( ) (. 5.12), .
File of type () dwt. Save in ( )
Template, , AutoCAD (. . 5.12).
,
Save in ( ).

File name ( ) 4 ( ).

2. Save (). Template


Description ( ) (. 5.13), .
3. dwt. A4.dwt.
.

4 . 537

90

;if,7jS,ive Drawing As

Savein:::;|ij~iGlava_5

Views

Tools

" Preview -

" Update sheet and view thumbnails now


File name:

Save

|A4

Cancel

Files of type: " (AutoCAD Drawing Template (x.dwt)

. 5.12.

tal Template Description


Description"
4

.

OK

Cancel
Help

Measurement
| Metric

. 5.13.

91

5.6. A3

A4.dwt
, A3. ,
A4.dwt AS.dwt, .

5.6.1.
AutoCAD ,
Windows (). NEW ().
.
AutoCAD
, .
1. Create New Drawing ( ), Tools ()
Options (). System () Startup
( ) (. . 2.9) Show Startup dialog box ( ).
2. File () New () (.
. 2.1). Create New Drawing ( ) (. . 5.14).
Kreale New Drawing

Use a Wizard

Select a Wizard:
[Advanced Setup

rWizard Description?
| Sets the units and atea for your new drawing; Based on the template
I acadiso.dwt.

OK

. 5.14.

Cancel

92

Units
Area

the unit of measurement.


( Decimal
f* Engineering
f* Architectural

15.5000

f, Fractional.
" Scientific

. 5.15.

QuickSetup

Units

Enter the area you want to represent using full scale


units. Example: to draw in an area 12x9 meters, enter
12 under Width and 9 under Length.

Area

<.

. 5.16.

93

3. , Create
New Drawing ( ) Use a Wizard (
) (. 5.14), , Select a Wizard (
) QuckSetup ( ),
. QuckSetup
( ) (. 5.15).
4. Decimal () Next ().
QuckSetup ( ) (. 5.16).
5. 420x297
Finish (). , .
10x10
(. . 2.1.4).
\_

5.6.2.

RECTANG (), A4.dwt
Windows COPYBASE (),
.
, .
1. (0,0) (420,297).
2. (20,5) (415,292).
COPYBASE ():

,
, .
1. 4 ( A4.dwt), - Windows ().
2. ( ) .
, 3. , Edit | Copy with Base
Point ( | )
.
Intersection ()
.

94

4. A3, Window ()
Drawing.dwg ( ,
).
5. Edit () Paste ()
.
.
6. Intersection ()
.
.
(. 5.17), dwt, , .
.

. 5.17. A3

5.6.3.

1. File () Save As ( ).
2. Save Drawing As ( )
dwt File of type ().

95

3. Save in
( ) A3 ( )
File name ( ).
4. Save (). Template
Description ( ) (. . 5.13),
.
5. dwt. A3.dwt.
,
File | Close ( | ).
.


4 CHAMFER
(), LENGTHEN (), COPY (), MIRROR
() .
"I.

6.1.

, . AutoCAD dwg. , , .
, .
dwt, . -
dwg.
, A4.dwt. Create New
Drawing ( ).
.
1. Create New Drawing
( ), Tools ()
Options ().
System ()
Startup ( ) (. . 2.9) Show Startup dialog box (
).

98
'alCreate New Drawing

Use a Template

Select a Template:
Acad -named plot styles, dwt
Acad. dwt
Acadiso -named plot styles.dwt
Acadiso dwt
Ansi a (portrait) -color dependent plot styles, dwt
Ansi a (portrait) -named plot styles.dwt
Ansi a -color dependent plot styles, dwt
Template Description
~
~
Normal international (metric) drawing template. Uses Color Dependent Plot
L_Styles._

OK

, Cancel

. 6.1. Create New Drawing Use a Template

ilSelect a template Tile


Lookjre

Views

jGUWA5
*

[
24 AutoCAD Template
24 AutoCAD Template
112 ZIP - WinRAR

IGLAVA5

Filename:

^ Tools

15.06.2002 :0:
15.06.200213:5!
30.06.200223:1

F*~

Files of Jype: | D rawing emplate (". dwt)

Cancel

. 6.2. Select a template file

99

2. , New (),
. Create New
Drawing ( ). Use a Template
( ) (. 6.1). Browse (). Select a template file ( ) (. 6.2).
3. Look in (nanjka)
A4.dwt.
4. Open (). 4 , Drawing2.dwg.
5. (. . 2.1.1) Vtulka.dwg
.
.

6.2.
,
.
, " "
ORTHO ().
.

6.2.1.


. 6.3.

.
1. ORTHO (),
.
2. LINE () . <Esc> .
3. "", :
. ;
Endpoint
();
"", ,
<Enter>:
24 ;

100

6 ;
4 ;
100 .
4. , Perpendicular ().
5. , <Esc>.

048
1

,025
i


"^
\

1 i

%& I

11

40

i1

9
1

jd25.
040

. 6.3.


13 12.5 .
COPY ():
COPY ()
.
:
,
;

101

() <Enter> .
@;
""
ORTHO ().
, ""
.

AutoCAD 2005, ,
Multiple () . ,
.
1. (),
Modify ().
.
2. <Enter>.
Specify base point or displacement:
( :)
3. (-13,0) <Enter>.

Specify second point of displacement or <use first point as displacement>:
( < )
4. <Enter> . .
, , .
1. ,
Modify () ().
2. <Enter>.
Specify base point or displacement:
( :)

102

3. .

Specify second point of displacement or <use first point as displacement^


( < >:)
4. @-12.5,0
<Enter>. .

.
COPY ():
.
1. .
2. <Enter>.
3. , Intersection () .

. 6.4.

103

4. , ORTHO () , "" .
5. , 30
<Enter>.
6. , 30.5
<Enter>.
7. <Enter> .

25 25.5 . (. . 6.2),
, TRIM (), CHAMFER ()

LENGTHEN ().

6.2.2.
(. 6.4) TRIM (). , PAN ()
. , ,
,
. ( )
ZOOM () Real time ( ).
ZOOM ():
ZOOM () Real time ( ) ,
. , .
1. Zoom Real time ( ), . + .
2. , .
3. <Enter>, <Esc>
.

104

PAN ():
PAN () Real time ( ) .
ZOOM (),
, .
1. Pan Real time ( ), . .
2. , .
3. <Enter>
ZOOM
().

IntelliMouse
-.
CHAMFER ():

,
.
1. Chamfer (),
Modify ().
2. D-Distance (-) <Enter>.
3.
<Enter>.
4.
<Enter>.
5. .
, , Endpoint ( ) Perpendicular
().

(. 6.5). .
.

105

~
/

>

'.

.,

. 6.5.

LENGTHEN ():

.
. ,
.
1. Modify (), Lengthen ().
2. DY-DYnamic
(-) <Enter>.
3. , . , .
4. ,
.
,
(. 6.6).

. 6.6.

106

6.2.3. .
, .

MIRROR ():
, .
1. Mirror (),
Modify ().
2. <Enter> .
.
3. . .
4. .
.
Delete source objects? [Yes/No] <N>:
( ? [/] <>:)
5. <Enter>, (
) .
, Yes ()
<Enter>.

:\^9

. 6.7.
MIRRTEXT

, , MIRRTEXT 0 ( 1)
(. 6.7).

107

6.3.
SAVEAS ( )
(. . 2.1.1),
, :
Save (),
.
File () Save ().
SAVE ()
<Enter> .
<Ctrl>+<S>.


, , . ,
.
, , . ,
.

7.1.
.
, .
. ,
.

7.1.1.
-
, , , .
.
,
, .
LAYER ():
Layer Properties Manager (
), Format () Layer () ] Layer Properties Manager ( )

110

Layers (). LAYER () ,


. .
, , (. 7.1). , All (), .
, Xref
( ) , .
6
Current layer ( ), .
:
New Property Filter ( ) Layer
Filter Properties ( ), .
||| New Group Filter ( ) ,
, .
Layer States Manager ( ) , , .
New Layer ( ) LAYER1,
.
Delete Layer ( ) .
Apply () .
, 0 DEFPOINTS, ,
, .
r.lr| Set Current () .
Search for Layer ( ),
. . ,
, ,
. Status Line
( ), , , , ,
.
Invert Filter ( ),
, , , . Apply to
Layers Toolbar ( ) -

111

Layers () .

O freeze ! lock! Color

Lingyeight.'.'.; ) Plol Style ; Plotj DescripHjiJ

mt..ta Continuous
white Continuous
Q yellow Continuous
red
90
cyan

Continuous
Continuous
Continuous

0,30mm
Default
0.25mm
0,30mm
0.25mm

Cole
: .
Cob
Cole
Cok

. 7.1.

:
Status () : ,
.
G Name () .
G Color () , .
Lineweight ( )
( ).
Linetype ( ) ,
.
Plot Style ( ) , .
Description () .
, , ,
.
Layer Properties Manager ( ) Layer Filter Properties ( ) (. 7.2),
, .
.
, , ,
, .

112
Igfllayer

Filter

Properties

filH]

,, Fitter :
::

Filter_1

ShovN xam| le .

Filter definition:
. ; Status j Name

i On

1 Freeze \ Lock Color

i Linetype

i Lineweight j Plot Style i Plot

*
'

Filter preview:
Status

-s>
*.
-*
4
4

i Name

! On

0
CHAIRS
CPU
DESKS
FILE-CABINETS

i Freeze : Lock ; Color

V
$
Q
V

Q
CS
Q

"'(

D white

% H
?
^J magenta
% grert
% red

jLinetype

j Lineweight | Plot Style | Plot

CON..OUS
CON..OUS
CON,..OUS
CON.OUS
CON...OUS

Default
Default
Default
Default
Default

OK

Normal
Normal
Normal
Normal
Normal

; Cancel

?3:
g
)
' i
1
g1
|
;

J5

delp

. 7.2.


AutoCAD 0, , , Continuous (), Default
() 0.25 Default ().
.
,
, .
1. Layer Properties Manager (
), Layers ().
.
2. , .
3. |j j New Layer ( ).
.
,
Layerl ( Layer2 . .).
4. Layerl.
(. 7.3).
<Enter>. 31 , , .
.

113

Xj. V.j jCurrenl'layer: A-FURN-3-WKSF


; On i Freeze Lock; Color
TITL.-.ORD
TITLE.HEAD
-o TITLE.TBCT
VIEi'JPORTS

')
2

Q
Q
Q
Q
Q

71
% 33
% 33
Jj white
8

i Linetype

j Lineweighl

CON_OUS
CQN...OUS
CON..DUS
CON...OUS
CON...OUS

0.30mm
0.30 mm
0.30 mm
Default
Default

Solia
Solid
Solid
Solid
80_een

layers displayed of 71 totallayeis


" Invert filter

p' Apply to layers todbar

. 7..

5. Color ()
. Select Color
( ) (. 7.4).
.
Select Color
' |

True Color

Color Books

AutoCAD Color Index (ACi):

Color:
240
OK

Cancel

Help

. 7.4.

114

6. Linetype ( )
.
Select Linetype ( ) (. 7.5).
,
. .
7.
Load () Linetype ( ). Load or Reload Linetypes (/ ) (. 7.6).
Select Linetype
Loaded iinetypes
Linetype
CENTER

I Appearance.

OK

Cancel

| Description'.

Help

Load...

. 7.5.

IftaJLoad or Reload Linetypes


jacad.lin

Be...

Available Linetypes

*l

Linetype
. 4CAD IS015W100
;
: BATTING
:; BORDER
* BORDER2
BORDERX2

CENTER2
1 CENTERX2
j DASHDOT
DASHDOT2
<|

1 Description
ISO double-dash triple-dot
BattingSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSS
Border
Border (,5x)
Border (2x)
Center _
Center (.5x)
Center [2x1
Dash dot _._.
Dash dot (.5x) .
^1

OK

Cancel

Help

. 7.6.

>r

115

8.
.
.
9. Layer Properties Manager ( )
Lineweight ( )
.
(. 7.7).
10. Lineweights
( ).
2.11 Default (), 0.25 .
.

0.00 mm
0.05 mm
. mm
0.13mm
0.15mm
0.18 mm
0.20 mm
0.25mm
0.30 mm
0.35 mm
Original: Default
New:
Default

. 7.7.
Plot Style ( ) Plot () .
, , , Layers ().
7.1.
, Vtulka.dwg
(. . 6.1).
(. 7.1).

116

7.1.

Axis

Green

CENTER

0.18

Contur

Magenta

Continuous

0.3

Hatch

Yellow

Continuous

0.25

Ramka

Red

Continuous

0.3

Razm

90

Continuous

0.25

Text

Cyan

Continuous

0.2

. 7.1 ,
.

7.1.2.
,
DESIGNCENTER.
ADCENTER (): AutoCAD
,
. ,
, , ,
, . :
Tools () DesignCenter (
);
<Ctrl> , , <2>;
DesignCenter ( )
;
ADCENTER ()
<Enter>.
AutoCAD
DESIGNCENTER (. 7.8). ,
.
, Auto-hide (), , ,
DESIGNCENTER (. 7.9) , , , Properties ()
(. 7.10).

117

3005 - [C:\Program files AutoCAD 2005\Help\Tutorials\orfii:e Plan.duig]

View Insert

Formal

tools

Braw

Dimension

Bodily

Window

Help

Automatic Save to :\\0fice Plan_l_l_1123.swS ...


+-''1'
I

i SNAP GRID:|ORTHO POLAR: |oSNAP |otRACK JLWT |001

. 7.8. DESIGNCENTER

Folders | Open Drawings j History j DC Online |


_,___.

@" 8th "oor hvac.dt^


[& 8th floor lighting.
[J 8th floor plaadwg
"1 8th floor plumbin
8th floor power. "
8th floor.dwg
colorwh.dwg
H^^^J db_samp.dwg :
-
-
-
-

Hotel Model.dwc
Hummer Elevatic
Lineweights.dwc
MKMPIan.dwg j
;

~9 OilModule.dwg
- Plot Screening a

ML

ICAProgram Files\AutoCAD

. 7.9. DESIGNCENTER

118

7
1

File : Edt

vie: Insert

Format

Tools

Draw Dimension Modify Window Help

[ floor
SI SS 8th floor lighting.
8th floor plan, dvt
S- 8th floor plumbin
8th floor power.c t
ffl 8th floor.dwg is I
cotorwKdwg
AUoCAD
S^dtsaw.dwg iTextstytesa.,
ffl

Hummer Elevatic
19 Lineweights.dwc
lit! U MKMPIan dwg
B@OIMoaUe.dwg
[fl Plot Screening

2005\5...1 (16 Itemfs))

o C:\TempXOffice Plan_l_l_1123.svS
2'-1156". 65'-8 49/64".

"

J SNAP! GRIDjIORTHO POlARllOSNAP lOTRACK llWT [MODEL


1

**"

"~~"

.... .... _ ---j ,

.'

.' .

Windows Command.:. j ^Giava_7-Microsoft...||i^ AutoCAD 2005- j... ife 2 AcHelp Module

. 7.10.
DESIGNCENTER

, Auto-hide (),
DESIGNCENTER .
. ,
, ,
Tool Palettes ( ).
, , , ,
.

DESIGNCENTER. , .
:
Folders ()
;

119

Open Drawings ( ) ,
;
History ()
DESIGNCENTER ;
DC Online () .
, ,
:
Load () Load (),
,

;
Back ()
, ;
Forward () ;
Up ()
;
Search () ,
;
Favorites ()
Favorites ();
() DESIGNCENTER
, , ;

DESIGNCENTER:
Tree View Toggle ( )
;
"
Preview () , , ;
Description () ;
Views ()
,
.
Vtulka.dwg A4.dwt.

120


(. . 7.1)
DESIGNCENTER Vtulka.dwg A4.dwt,
, .
1. AutoCAD A4.dwt. Vtulka.dwg,
, .
2. AutoCAD, Tools
() DesignCenter ( ).
, .
3. ,
Vtulka.dwg "-f" . ,
(. . 7.9).
4. Layers (). , Vtulka.dwg
(. . 7.9).
5. ,
,
.
, A4.dwt.
6. . , , <Shift> . , .

AutoCAD
, dwt.

7.1.3.
, , ,
.
,
( dwt) (
dws). , ,
. , , . , A4.dwt
Vtulka.dwg ,
AS.dwt, , . 7.2.

121
7.2.

Axis

Yellow

CENTER

0.15

Contur

Red

Continuous

0.35

Hatch

Green

Continuous

0.20

Ramka

Magenta

Continuous

0.4

Razm

Cyan

Continuous

0.25

Text

Cyan

Continuous

0.25

LAYTRANS ():

, .
1. Tools () CAD Standards (
), Layer Translator
( ). (. 7.11)
.
, .

IggLaver Translator
Translate From ~

~~

! -Translate To
i HO

1
^
^

rj 1

Selection Filter

I
Select

'Old Layer Name ;. j: New Layer Name

Razm

Load...
-

. . . . t*....

New...

| . Remove, j.
:

r-|

Translate 1

Save...

Cancel

. 7.11.
5 . 537

Linetype | Linewei.,; j Plot style IContinu... 0.25 mm ByColor

Color :
90

'
Settings... i

Contur
j Hatch
1 tt Ramka
Razm
j Text

Map s ame 1

Layer r anslation M appings -

|.
-J

|:

Help

122

2. Load () (dwg), (dwt)


(dws). Select Drawing File (
), A4.dwt
Open ().
,
.
3. , ,
.
New () New Layer ( ) Leader ,
Razm (. . 7.1).
4. ,
Map ().
. , Remove ().
5. Translate () . Layer Mapping Alert
( ) Yes ()
No
(), .
.

7.1.4.
Layers () .
. , .

A4.dwt, A3.dwt Vtulka.dwg 0,
. . . 7.3 , .
7.3.

A4.dwt

AS.dwt

Vtulka.dwg

Axis

Contur

Hatch

123

7.3 ()

A4.dwt

AS.dwt

Vtulka.dwg

Ramka

Razm

Text

Leader

,
.
1. .
, .
2. Layer Control ( )
Layers ().
3. , . ,
.
4. <Esc>
.

.
, .
1. Layer Control ( ) (. 7.12)
Layers ().

GRID-LINE

DO
CHAIRS
CPU
DESKS
RLE-CABINETS
FURNITURE
GRID-BUBBLE

LOBBY-DOOR
NOTE-EMPLOYEE
NOTE-ROOM
PANELS
PHONES

. 7.12.

2<5

124

2. ,
. , .
,
, ,
.
1. ,
.
.
2. Make Object's Layer Current (
), Layers
().
, ,
AI_MOLC.

,
Layer Previous ( ),
Layers ().
LAYERP () .
, .
.
.

Layer Control ( ) Layers () (. 7.12) .
, , ,
. . .
, .

( /).

125

. "" , ,
, , .

&,

7.2.
Properties () (. 7.13).
.
I Properties
ByLayer

- - ByLayer

jrjjj

ByLayer

-yjjj ByLayer

. 7.13. Properties


Properties ()
Color Control () (. 7.14), Linetype Control ( )
(. 7.15) Lineweight Control ( ) (. 7.16), , , .
Properties

^^^^^^^^^^!
|J

U ByBlock
Red
Yellow
9 Green
Cyan
Blue
Magenta
H White
Select Color...

..| ..

_ I j |

D..( -...

.111 o..i

.
'

L/

>

. 7.14.
Properties
;{"11""'"!

"""

"""' """""" ^"^"-"i.j

^^^^^^^^^^^^^

ByBldcl'

CONT UOU^
Other...
^"

. 7.15.

126

Plot style ( )
.
.
.
.

af ai ill-

0.53mm

==========^^5^

^.
L-,/
, ^^

{Properties
itlrrip |

-i-Hl

Riil -mrr

^11

i
.

0.05 mm

^MHE]
| ByLayer

"

0.30 mm
- 0.35 mm

. 7.16.
, .
, . . 7.17
.
.
TRIM () , , , .

. 7.17.

127

, .
1. , (. 7.17).
.

CHAIRS

CPU
DESKS
FILE-CABINETS
FURNITURE
GRID-BUBBLE
GRID-LINE
LOBBY-DOOR
NOTE-EMPLOYEE
NOTE-ROOM
PANELS
PHONES

. 7.18.

2. Linewcight Control ( ) (. . 7.16)


Properties ().
3. 0.18,
. ,
.
4. <Esc> .
.


, . \ , LWT
() , , (. 7.19).

.JNAP

GRID)

ORTHOJ POLARJ rjSjNAPj OTRACKJ LWT MODEL

. 7.19.

128

7.3.
, ,
Properties (), PROPERTIES () (. 7.20).
Block Reference

Color

I ByLayer

:Layer

DESKS

] Linetype

ByLayer

i Linetype scale; 1.000000


I Plot style
| ByLayer
; Lineweight
Default^
Hyperlink^

Position X
; Position Y
; Position Z

il08'-6 21/32"
242'-7 21/64"
10"

. 7.20. PROPERTIES
,
:
Auto-hide ()
, Properties () , .
Auto-hide ()
, .
.

PICKADD, .
.
PICKADD=0,
<Shift>. PICKADD=1
<Shift> .
PROPERTIES (OKHOCB):
, .
1. , . .

129

2. PROPERTIES (), (1
Properties (),
Standard (). , .
3. ,
. I
.
4. , .
5. , Close ()
, <Esc>
.

Auto-hide (),
.

7.4.

MATCHPROP (), .
.
1. Match Properties (
), .
, .
2. -, . , .
3. Settings () <Enter>. Property Settings (
) (. 7.21).
4. Basic Properties ( ) Property Settings ( )
:
Color () .
Layer () .
Linetype ( ) .

130

Linetype Scale ( ) .
Lineweight ( ) .
Thickness () .
PlotStyle ( ) .
5. Special Properties ( ) .
6.
. .
7. , <Enter>.
ilProperty Settings
- Basic Properties
F

Color

ByLayer

Layer

DESKS

Linetype

ByLayer

F Linetype Scale

1"

Lineweight

0.00 mm

Thickness

0"

F PlotStyle

Cancel
Help

ByLayer

-Special Properties
F

Dimension

F Polyline

F Text

F Hatch

F Viewport

F Table

. 7.21.


,
,
.

8.1.

*

, . , , ,
. , .
() , ,
.
HATCH ().
,
.

EXPLODE (). ( )
.
.
,
.
()
. Boundary
Hatch and Fill (/ )

132

(. 8.1): Hatch (), Advanced () Gradient ().


Ifflj Boundary Hatch and Fill

13 El

Hatch | Advanced) Gra dientj


Ti/pe: Predefined

Pattern:

j^j

[P|| Pick Points


j| I Select Objects

ANSI31

Swatch:

Y//^//^/^.

^ LJ

Angje: 0.00
Scale:

1.000000

2\
11 61

_]

FWoiive spape

4S& i I " '' Properties


r'taw Order

!.] Send behind boundary


i Composition
i f* Associative

>
^j \
]

! i Nonassbciative

. Previ^.-'

, :,

,...,]

'

Cancel

Help

. 8.1. Hatch
, ,
Vtulka.dwg (. . 6). AutoCAD, .
():
, , .
1. , .
Vtulka.dwg Hatch (. . 7.1).
2. Draw () Hatch (). Boundary Hatch and Fill (/
) (. . 8.1).

133

3. , Hatch ().
4. Predefined () ().
5. [...]. Hatch Pattern Palette ( ), ANSI (. 8.2).
Hatch Pattern Palette
ANSI JISO

ANSI35

| Other Predefined| Custom)

ANSI32

ANSI33

ANSI34

ANSI36

ANSI37

ANSI38

Cancel

Help

. 8.2. ANSI

6. Hatch Pattern Palette ( ) ANSI31,


. Boundary Hatch and Fill (/
) Swatch () .
7. Pick Points ( ).
.
8. , . (. 8.3).

134

<Enter> Boundary Hatch and Fill (/ ). , (. 8.4) , .


<Enter>
.

Boundary Definition Error


Valid hatch boundary not found.
"OK"

. 8..

. 8.4.

9. Boundary Hatch and Fill (/ ) Composition ( ) Associative () , .


.
10. Draw Order, ( )

, HPDRAWORDER
:

0 None (He ). .
7 Send to back ( ). .

135

2 Bring to front ( ). .
3 Send behind boundary ( ).
.
4 Bring in front of boundary ( ). .

11. Preview ()
. <Enter> . Scale (),
, (. 8.5).

1 \

w\

. 8.5. 0.5, 1 2

12. , Preview ().


13.
Boundary Hatch and Fill (/ ).
.

(. 8.6).

136

i! I
1

. 8.6.

Boundary Hatch and Fill (/ )


(. 8.1) Pick Points ( ) ,
. Select
Objects ( ) , . , .
Boundary Hatch and Fill ( ) Hatch () (. . 8.1). Advanced ()
, ,
.
- (. 8.7).
Normal ()

.
Outer () .
Ignore () , .

137

Boundary Hatch and Fill


Hatch Advanced j Gradient |
; Island detection style

i^l 'Pici Points

- " "]

^|

\\
--'/; -frfl
*M mi.
I
' ( Nwrnal

Quler

j [pop^e

*H

Ignore ";

Retain boundaries

j ?

Select Objects-

-1

ym^^A
7.,J i
^| Inherit Properties

' Boundary set ~


:

A ''c:.j ,::| Current viewport

"""

f Island detection method

~~

'~"~

rfiiaw Order

;]

~--i

<? lood

~-_1

IJ Send behind boundary

Nfiw

^|i

Composition
; (" ^ssociativel

i (~ hJonassociative

f~ Ray casting

Gag tolerance

JO^

(
_.

-tints
^

,,:,P,e*ffi|..

Cancel

1].

. 6.7. Advanced
[] Boundary Hatch and Fill
Hatch) Advanced [
J4
''< fine cota
f* Twocdot
ihade

PMs Points

j4

Select Objects

Inherit Propeities

Tint

Ordei ;;
i'jSendbehindboundary

'1^

Centered

^j

'' ., ^ __ ___ : . _____ |

Composition ..............
I f7 Associative

jHk

\ C" ^onassociative

Preview

Cancel J:

;::Help

. 8.8. Gradient

138

Gradient () Boundary Hatch


and Fill (/ )
(. 8.8).
():
,
.
1. Format () Linetype ( )
. Linetype Manager
( ) (. 8.9).
alLinetype Manager
Linetype filters"
| Show all linetypes

Invert filter

Load.

Delete

Current

Show details

'jSifrenT Linetype: ByLayer


Linetype
|ByBock
NTER
ONTINUOUS

Description.

Continuous

Cancel

Help

. 8.9.

2.
Load () .
Load
or Reload Linetypes (/ ) (. . 7.6).
3.
. Linetype Manager ( ), ,
Current (), ,

139

Linetype Manager ( ).
4. Draw () Hatch (). Boundary Hatch and Fill (/ )
Hatch () (. . 8.1).
5. ^ () User defined ( ). Angle ()
Spacing (). ,
-, Double (-).
6. Pick Point ( ) Select Objects ( ) .
7. , Preview ().
8. Boundary Hatch
and Fill (/ ) (. 8.10).

1*&
. 8.10. ZIGZAG

FILL ():

FILL () FILLMODE .
, , ,
.
1. FILL ().
2. ON () <Enter>.
3. , View | Regen ( | ).
,
.

140


FILLMODE, 1 ,
. , .

8.2.
, , ,
. .
.

BOUNDARY ():
, .
1. Draw () Boundary ().
Boundary Creation ( ) (. 8.11).
Boundary Hatch and Fill (/ ) (. . 8.7).
().
IIHBoundary Creation

Advanced ...
" > ".:':("' -I:-' ' ' ":'fG-'"i

'

1 1 SvOj
!

Ignore

Object type

l."^ '....":::"'; '


r Boundary set ~
Current viewport

J[J

1 Pick Points

aia

*!'''
_xj

~~

lE^li^ " ,^1

I Ngw

('Island detection method

<* flood

. ~

( <~ Ray pasting


DC ibfe

Gafi tolerance ~ i
j ,...,_ ,

'

.
OK

Cancel:?

Help

. 8.11.

141

2. Pick Points ( ). , .
3. . . <Enter>
Boundary Creation ( ).
4. Boundary Creation
( ).
.

HATCH ():
. .
, .
,
, .
1. HATCH () <Enter>.
2.
<Enter>, , GRAVEL (. 8.12). ,
(?) <Enter>,
.
3.
<Enter>.

. 8.12.

142

4.
<Enter>.
5. Select Objects ( )
<Enter>.
6. N ()
Y () <Enter>.
7. , , (),
<Enter>.
8. <Enter>
(. 8.12).

, ,
,
. , , HPGAPTOL . HPGAPTOL
0 5000.
Boundary Hatch and Fill (/ ) Advanced ().
,
(. 8.13), .

1. Draw () Hatch (). Boundary Hatch and Fill (/


). Advanced () (. . 8.7).

. 8.13.

143

2. Gap tolerance ( )
, , (. 8.14).

G tolerance : ' - ^1
|400

units

. 8.14.
HPGAPTOL
3. Hatch (),
.
4. Pick Points ( ).
, . .
, (. 8.15).

[ Boundary Warning
Specified hatch boundary not closed.
he boundary that you specified is not closed, but the gaps are
within the gap tolerance set on the Advanced lab (HPGAPT OL
system variable). Continue hatching with the specified boundary?
" Remember this decision

Yes

No

Cancel

. 8.15.

5. Yes ()
. <Enter>,
Boundary Hatch and Fill (/ ).
6. Preview (),
Boundary Hatch
and Fill (/ )
.

144

8.3.
,
. HATCHEDIT ().
.

HATCHEDIT ():

, . 8.16.
. ,
.
1. Modify () Object (),
Hatch ().
2. .
(. 8.17) Hatch Edit ( ).
,
.

. 8.16.

3. ANSI31 ANSI37 1 2. Preview () , .


(. 8.16).


jlgJHatchEdit
"
'

145

' '

'

'". '

'

'

'

f'Hafoh"]J Advanced] Gradient]

>

Eatterre

Predefined
ANSI31

Swatch: Y//^77////\
'..,;,,:-..

Angle:
Scale:

jjj

jrj

";'

jf'| Inherit Properties

Draw Order - i

Relih/eto paper space

J] Do not change
[-Composition
(* Associative

i C" tionassociative

fe

Preview

PK

Cancel

Help

. 8.17.

TRIM ():

, (. 8.18),
.
1. , , Modify () Trim
().
.
2. , ,
<Enter>.
3. , .
<Enter>. .

146

. 8.18.


, , , .
,
HATCH () ().
, MaxHatch,
10 000. , : setenv MaxHatch n,
100 10 000 000.

8.4.
AutoCAD 2004, TOOL
PALETTES ( ),
, , , , , , . AutoCAD 2005 , DESIGNCENTER (
), .
TOOL PALETTES
,
.
1. |{|| Tool Palettes ( )
Standard () . TOOL PALETTES ( ).

147

2. ,
,
New Tool Palette ( ) (. 8.19).

Allow Docking
Auto-hide
Transparency...
View Options,,.

New Tool Palette


Delete Tool Palette
Rename Tool Palette

Customize...

. 8.19.

3. ,
<Enter> .
,
.

, ,
.
1.
TOOL PALETTES ( ) Auto-hide
( ),
(. 8.20).
2. .
3. , ,
, ,
, .

148

, ,
, , .
.

. 8.20.

Cut
Copy

Delete Tool"
Rename

. 8.21.

149

4. , , Properties ( ) (. 8.21). Tool


Properties ( ) (. 8.22).
IffilTool Properties
Image:

Name:

/ /
'

//

ANSI31
/

Description:

.
X

}"'

. . .

Tool type

Hatch
Predefined

.; |

ftf

,'
.-

! '':

i Angle
Scale
Auxiliary scale
Spacing
ISO pen width
' Double

;::

AN5I31
0

'[3]

None
1

1.00 mm
No

Specifies the pattern name of the hatch

OK

Cancel

Help

. 8.22.
5. Tool Properties ( )
.


,
.
1. Ifl Tool Palettes ( )
Standard () TOOL PALETTES ( ) , .
2. ,
, , .
3. .
, .

, I

9
:



,
,
,
, , ,

.

9.1.
.
,
, . AutoCAD
.
, , , , .
AutoCAD , shx.
, ,
Windows. , TrueType ttf
.
Vtulka.dwg, . (. 9.1), 4.

152

f
1

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|

"
1

. 9.1. 4

STYLE ():
, .
1. Format () Text Style (
). Text Style ( ) (. 9.2).
2. New () New Text Style ( )
TxtSt (. 9.3).
3. Font Name ( )
romans.shx Apply () .
,
. , ( -85 85), Oblique Angle ( ),
. , ,
:
Upside down () ;

153

CJ Backwards ( ) ;
Vertical () .
TrueType .

"Style Name

New.:..

Cancel
Help

-Font-Font Stile:

Font Name:
A

|A txt.shx
Use Big Font
-Effects

" Backwards

Pie view'

("""Upside, down

Width Factor: (1.0000


flblique Angle: p

Vertical

_AaBfoCcD_
AaBbCcD

Preview

. 9.2.
ml] New Tent Style
Style Name:

|TxtSt

OK
Cancel

. 9..

9.2.
TEXT (). DTEXT ().
, TEXT () , AutoCAD
R14 . ,
, AutoLISP.
. 9.1, TEXT ().
6 . 537

154

TEXT ():

, .
1. Text, .
2. Draw (), Text (),
Single Line Text ().
Current text style: "TxtSt" Text height: 2.5
Specify start point of text or [Justify/Style]:
( : "TxtSt" : 2.5
[/]:)
3. Justify () <Enter>.

.
Enter an option [Align/Fit/Center/Middle/Right/TL^C^R/ML/MC/MR/
BL/BC/BR]:
(
[/ //////////
//:)
4. Center () <Enter>.
,
.
5. ,
" ".
6. 6 0, <Enter> .
7. " " ( ). <Enter>.
8. <Enter> .
"1:1" "" 5 (. 9.4).
,
TEXT ().
Text,(), Customize
() Toolbars (),
View | Toolbars ( | ) (. . 4.1).

155

40

1:1

. 9.4. , TEXT

TEXT ():

Fit ( ),
, . ,
.

, .
1. Single Line Text (
) Text ()
TEXT ().
.
^
2. Justify () <Enter>.

.
3. Fit () <Enter>.
,
.
4. , ,
"" (. . 9.4).
5. 8 0, <Enter> .
6. "" ( ).
<Enter>.
7. <Enter> .

156


(. . 9.4):
".", "", "" Align (),
,
.
"." ML ( ), ( . 9.4 2.5),
.
" 40" Middle (), .
. Center
(),
( , .).
, , :
Right ()
.
TL ( ) .
( ) .
TR ( ) .
( )
. ,
.
MR ( ) .
BL ( ) ,
.
( ) ,
.
BR ( ) , .

, , , - . (. 9.1), , .

157

9.1.

(./.)
(./.)

\+2248

\+2220

\u+e100

\u+2104

\u+0394

\u+0278

\u+e101

\u+2261

\u+e102

\u+2260

\u+2126

\u+03a9

\u+214a

\u+2082

\u+00b2

9.3.
,
, (), .
, , (, Word,
Notepad, Multiedit, Lexicon .). , ,
.

158


. 0, , TEXTSIZE.
Vtulka.dwg, .
():
, .
1. Multiline Text ( )
Text ()
().
.

1.
2. ,
0.03)

. 9.5.
^.

2. Vtulka.dwg
, ,
. (. 9.5),
Text Formatting ( )
. , ,
.
,
<>. , , Line
Spacing ( ) .
3. Text height ( ) , 4.

159

4. :
1.
2. , 0.03
5. .
(. 9.6).

\/

1-
2. ,
0.03

. 9.6. ,
():
, , (-)
(. . 9.1), , Windows
( charmap.exe Windows).
, ,
.
1. _/VJ Multiline Text ( )
Text ().
2. , ,
.
3.
.
4. Symbol
(),
(. 9.7). ,
Windows (. 9.8), ,
Other ().
5. ,
,
. .

160
Degrees
Plus/Minus

%%d
%%P

'

1
Undo

.
.

Almost Equal
+2248
Angle
+2220
Boundary Line
\U+E100
Center Line
\U+2104
Delta
\U+0394
Electrical Phase
1U+0278
Flow Line
\U+E101
Identity
ly+2261
Monument line . IU+E102
Not Equal
VJ+2260
Ohm
\U+2126
Omega
\U+03A9
Property Line
\Uf214A
Subscript 2
+2082
Superscript 2
IU+OOB2

Ctrl+Z

copy

ctrl+c

Paste

CtrH-V

Insert Field..,

CtrH-F

Indents and Tabs. . .


Justification
Find and Replace. . , Ctrl+R

>

Select All
Change Case
AutoCAPS

>

Ctrl+A

Non-breaking Space CtrH-Shift+Space

'

Other...

Import Text. ..
Background Mask. . ,

Help
~~ ~~
Character Set

>

. 9.7.
1 <

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. ... '.

j Symbol

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. 9.8. Windows

161

():
, ,
.
, .
1.
Multiline Text ( )
Text ().
2. , ,
.
3.
(. 9.9), . ,
, ,
. :

, "" ( ), ;
, (/),
,
;

, "" (#),
, .

4. , , Stack ( ).
5. .

/)

(#)

0.25
1

,25#0.1
. 9.9.

162


rtf txt. .
1.
Import Text
( ). Select File (
) (. 9.10).
ran Select File
Look in: | My Documents

*
tjMy eBooks
{
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X '|

I )
File Folder
File Folder
File Folder

* '

Views

02.01.2003 13:0!,
25.12.2002 8:00
25.12.20028:00:

File :
Files of type:

I Text/Template/Extract File (".txt)

Cancel

iii.

. 9.10. ,

2. Select File ( ) ,
Open (). ,
(. 9.11).
3. ,
AutoCAD.

163

IfText Formatting

3|4
j-J

-..
,;
|3jijj
OK

JTxtSt

jJ|A RomanS

'

1.

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txt

rtf

. 9.11.

9.4.
,
,
Properties () DDEDIT (), SPELL (), SCALETEXT
() JUSTIFYTEXT ().
DDEDIT ():

,
.
1. Modify | Object | Text | Edit ( | | | ) Edit
Text ( ) Text ().
2. . Edit Text ( ) (. 9.12).
Mtdit Tent
___

Text:

OK

Cancel

Help

. 9.12.
3. Edit Text ( )
.
4. .

164

DDEDIT ():
I

,
.
1. Modify | Object | Text | Edit ( |
| | )
Edit Text ( ) Text ().
Text Formatting
(Standard
1

|| Txt
2

"VJJ4TJ |
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3

* -f jg_jj
8

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10

. 9.13.

2. .
Multiline Text Editor ( ) .
3. , Text Formatting ( ) (. 9.13).
:
1 Style ()
. TEXTSTYLE ;

2 Font. () ;

3. Text height ( )
.
4. , , :
4 Bold ()
. ,
TrueType;
5 Italic () .
, TrueType;
6 Underline ()
;
7 Undo () Multiline Text Editor (
);
8 Redo () ;

165

9 Stack ( ) ;

10 Color () .

5. , . :
Justification ()
(. 9.14).
, (. . 9.2);
Undo

Ctrl+Z

Cut

Paste

Ctrl+C
Ctrl+V

Insert Field...

Ctrl+F

Indents and Tabs...


Justification
HHHD "Top Left
Find and Replace.,. -fR
Middle Left
Bottom Left
Select All
Ctrl+A
Top Center
Change Case
Middle Center
AutoCAPS
Bottom Center
Remove Formatting Ctrl+Space
Top Right
Combine Paragraphs
.._
Middle Right
>
Bottom Right
Symbol

TL
ML
BL

TC
MC
BC
TR
MR

BR

Import Text,,.
Background Mask.,,
Help
Character Set

>;.

. 9.14.
Find and Replace

: |0
: [ ^
"
"

. 9.15.

166

Find and Replace (/) . .


(. 9.15),
;
Change Case ( )
.
6.
.
SPELL ():
AutoCAD .
.
,
.
1. Tools | Spelling ( | ).
2.
<Enter>. Check Spelling ( ) (. 9.16).
Check Spelling
American English

Current dictionary:

Cancel

Current word
|

Help
Suggestions:
{

ignore

Ignore All

Change

Change All

Add

Lookup

Change Dictionaries..
Context'

. 9.16.

167

3. Ignore (), Change ()


Add () , .
, Change Dictionaries ( ).
Check Spelling ( ) ,
.
4. .
SCALETEXT ():
, .
1. Scale Text ( )
Text ().
1
2. <Enter> . ,
, . 9.2.
3.
<Enter>.
4. Scale factor ( ), .
5. <Enter>.
.
JUSTIFYTEXT ():
, .
1. Justify Text ( )
Text ().
2. <Enter> . ,
, . 9.2.
3.
<Enter>.

: -QHpj

. 9.17. ,

168



(. 9.17).
, .
1. , . .
2.
Background Mask
( ).
[Background Mask
" Use background masrBorder offset factor;
|1.5000

Cancel

p Ft Color
I. " Use background

. 9.18.

3. Background Mask ( )
(. 9.18) Use background mask ( ),
Fill Color ()
Use background ( ),
.
4. Background Mask ( ), .
.
TEXTTOFRONT ():

, , , .
. , :
1. Tools () Draw Order (
).
2. Bring Text and Dimensions
to Front ( ),

169

Text Object Only ( ) (. 9.19). ,


.
Tools Draw Dimension Modify
Autodesk Website
CAD Standards

>

Spelling
Quick Select,,, . , .. .
Bring to Front
.Inquiry
Update Fields
.
:
:
Attribute Extraction,.,

'",'*'

Send to Back
_

uesignt-encer

icrrri

Tool Palettes Window


4hi>ph Spf

Ctrl+3
4.4

Bring Above Objects


Send Under Objects

i
. ;:....

Bring Text and Dimensions to Front

>1

Text Objects Only


Dimension Objects Only
Text and Dimension Objects

. 9.19.

9.5.
,
.
, . , ,
, . , .
,
. .
DWGPROPS ():


Properties ( )
, :
1. File () Drawing Properties ( ). Properties ( ).
2. Summary ()
Author () (. 9.20).
3. ,
Custom () .

170

jtfalRISll 2.DWG Properties


.:. General f 5limmarji]| Statistics j Custom |
Tjtle:
Subject:
-.'.

utrw

Keywords:

Comments:

^3
Jj
'

Hyperlink
base:

Cancel

j.

Help

. 9.20.

4. Add () Add Custom


Property ( ) (. 9.21) Custom property name ( ) Value ().
Properties ( ).
IttalAdd Custom Property
Custom property name:
; ' j
Value:
j ]

QK

Cancel

. 9.21.

171

5. .
.
FIELD ():

, .
1. Insert () Field ().
Field ().
2. All () Field
category ( ) Author ().
First capital ( ), .
.
,
, .
3. Height () 2.5,
Justify () () ,
.
.
(. 9.22).

.
. -

. 9.22. ,

172

FIELD ():
,
. . ,
.
, .
1. Draw (), Text (),
Multiline text ( )
.
2. , .
3. =,

Insert Field ( ) (. 9.23).
Field ().
Text Formatting
(Standard

113 i

Txt

Ctrl+Z

Paste

QrltV

Insert Field.
Indents and Tabs...
Justification
Find and Replace... Ctrl+R
Select All

Ctrl+A

Change Case;
AutoCAPS

f i ji - - ' - ia
Combine Pai'-sa
Symbol
Import Text...
Background Mask,,.
Help
Character Set

. 9.23.

173

4. Field () Object (),


Select Object ( ) , , .
5. , Field (), , (. 9.24).

Field category:
|
Field names:

Date
DeviceName
Diesel expression
Filename
Filesize
Hyperlink
HyperlinkBase
Keywords
LastSavedBy
Login
NamedObject
PageSetupName
PaperSize
PlotDate
PlotOrientation
PlotScale
PlotStyleTable
SaveDate

Object type:

Area:

I Polyline

139724,1564

Property;

Format:

||

Closed

[lurrenUjnits

Elevation
Global width
Layer
Length
Linetype
Linetype generation
Linetype scale
Lineweight
Object name
Plot style
Thickness

Architectural
Engineering
Fractional
Scientific

33&1

Color

Decimal separator;
'.' (Period)

Zl:

Field expression;
%<\AcObjProp Qbject(%<\_0bjld 2130001288>%),Area \f .^"

OK

Cancel

Help

. 9.24. Field

6. Area ()
Field (). ,
.
7.
. , (. 9.25).

174

=29814,8493;

. 9.25. , Area

.
(
,Author Field) .
, . .

, Tools | Update Fields ( |
).
, , View | Regen ( | ).
, ,
.
, .

10


,
. , , .

10.1.
, .
, . AutoCAD ISO-25,

. AutoCAD 11 . ,
, :
;
;
;
.
,
. DIMASO EXPLODE
()
, , .
, .
, Vtulka.dwg. ,

176

10

.
Dimension (), AutoCAD, View |
Toolbars ( | ) (. . 4.1).
DIMSTYLE ():

, .
1. Format () Dimension style ( ) ^ Dimension style manager
( ) Styles (). Dimension Style Manager (
) (. 10.1).
.
Set Current () ,
Style ().

New () Create New Dimension Style


( ),
.

Modify () Modify Dimension Style


( ), .
] Dimension Style Manager
Current Dimstyle: ISO-25
Styles:

.,

Preview of: ISO-25


Set Current

Modify...

Override.,. [
Compare... |

List:
| All styles

"Description"
ISO-25

F ii
Close

Help

. 10.1.

177

Override () Override Current


Style ( ), .

Compare () Compare Dimension


Style ( ),
,
.

1 Dimension Style Manager ( ) New ().


2. Create New Dimension Style ( ) (. 10.2) :
New Style Name ( ) ;

Start With ( ) , ;

Use for () , .
flgCreate New Dimension Style

New Style Name; JDimStyle


Start With: JISO-25

Use for:
Continue J

] All dimensions
Cancel

... . d
jd
Help

. 10.2.
4. Continue ()
. New Dimension Style
( ), (. 10.3).
:

Lines and Arrows ( )


, ;

Text () , ;
Fit () , ,
;

Primary Units ( )
, ;

Alternate Units (, )
;
Tolerances () .

178

10

, , Vtulka.dwg.
IfftJNew Dimension Style: DimStyle
Lines and Arrows | ext j Fit

BEi!

| Primary Units Alternate Units) Tolerances]

Dimension Lines
Color:

) ByBlock

jj

| ByBlock

': Lineweigbt:

^^^^!

Extend beyond ticks:

Baseline spacing:

~~
J3.75

Suppress: ~ Dim Line 1

" Dim Line 2 ;

"Extension Lines ~. " ~ . ~ ~


Color:

{ ByBlock

Linejweight:
ij

"

Offset from origin:


j Suppress: 1

\^

;>^s x \ ?,

i 4^f \> 1

1 /^': 7_,.J|
:
{'Arrowheads
list:
1 Closed filled

;;

*f"j

" Ext Line 2

i
jrj

Closed filled

{ Leader:
| Closed filled
1.
. , ' : ""'".'.',.'- ^
Arrow size:
|4

jl -5
JO

.<

2nd:

I ByBlock

Ejjtend beyond dim lines:

14 Jl

.1^
^TJ

Center Marks for Circles'"


Ty.pe:

OK

JMark

J^J Size:

Cancel

|2.5

Help

. 10.3. New Dimension Style

5. Dimension
Style Manager ( ). Style
() DimStyle (. 10.4).
6. Styles ()
Set Current () . ,
.
7. , Current Dimstyle ( ) , .
8. Close ()
Dimension Style Manager ( ).

179

] Dimension Style Manager


Current Dimstyle: DimStyle
Styles:

Preview of: DimStyle

.14,11

I DimStyle
ISO-25

Set Current
New...

Modify..,

Compare...

List:

Description"
i DimStyle

' JAII styles

F OorVf
Close

Help

. 10.4. ,

. 10.1
New Dimension Style ( ),
DimStyle.
ISO-25. ISO International Standards
Organization ( ).
10.1. DimStyle

1.5

DIMEXE

Lines and Arrows


( )

DIMEXO

(
)

D1MASZ

TxtSt (
)

DIMTXSTY

DIMTXT

Text ()

10

180

10.1 ()

1.25

DIMGAP

ON (.)

DIMUPT

Fit ()

0.0

D1MDEC

Primary Units
(
)

. ()

DIMDSEP

Alternate Units*
(, )

1 (
Middle)

DIMTOLJ

Tolerances
()

* , .
New
Dimension Style ( ),
.

10.2.

Lines and Arrows ( ) (. . 10.3) New Dimension Style ( ) Modify Dimension Style (
), , .
,
.
, Lines and Arrows ( ) (. . 10.3)
New Dimension Style ( ),
.
1. Dimension Lines ( ) , . 10.2.

181

10.2.

Color ()

DIMCLRD

Lineweght ( )

DIMLWD

Extend beyond ticks


( )

DIMDLE

Baseline spacing
( )

DIMDLI

>

Suppress Dim Line 1


( )

DIMSD1

Suppress Dim Line 2


( )

DIMSD2

2. Extension Lines ( ) , . 10.3.


10.3.

Color ()

DIMCLRE

Lineweght ( )

DIMLWE

Extend beyond dim lines


( )

DIMEXE

Offset from origin


( ')

DIMEXO

Suppress Ext Line 1


( )

DlMSE1

Suppress Ext Line 2


( )

DIMSE2

3. Arrowheads () ,
. 10.4.
10.4.

1st ()

2st ()

DIMBLK1
DIMBLK2

Leader ()

DIMLDRBLK

Arrow size ()

DIMASZ

182

10

4. Center Marks for Circles ( ) ,


. 10.5.
10.5.

()

DIMCEN

Size ()

DIMCEN

5. New Dimension Style


( ) , , Dimension Style Manager (
), .

10.3.
Text ()
(. 10.5) New Dimension Style ( ).

Text () (. 10.5) New Dimension Style ( ), .
1. Text Appearance ( )
, , . 10.6.
10.6.

Text style ( )

DIMTXSTY

Text color ( )

DIMCLRT

Text height ( )

DIMTXT

Fraction height scale


( )

DIMTFAC

Draw frame around text


( )

DIMG

183

Lines and Arrows Text

jFit

| Primary Units j Alternate Units! Tolerances

~ Text Appearance""
H Text style:

|TxtSl

Textolor:

IBByBlock

Fill color:

|DN

Text height:
Fraction height scale:
Text Alignment

" Draw frame around text


Text Placement
I Vertical:

("" Horizontal

[Above
(* Aligned with dimension line

I Horizontal: : I Centered
ISO Standard

Offset from dim line:

.OK

Cancel

. 10.5. New Dimension Style Text


2. Text Placement ( )
, , . 10.7.
10.7.

Vertical ( )

DIMTAD

Horizontal ()--

DIMJUST

Offset from dim line ( )

DIMGAP

184

10

3. Text Alignment ( )
,
, . 10.8.
10.8.

Horizontal ( )

DIMTIH

Aligned with dimension


line (
)

DIMTOH




; ,

ISO Standard
( ISO)

10.4.


. AutoCAD
.
, , Fit () (. 10.6) New Dimension Style ( ), .
1. Fit Options ( ) , , . 10.9.
.

10.9.

Either the text or the


arrows, whichever fits
the best ( ,
)

DIMATFIT

Arrows ()

DIMATFIT

185
10.9 ()

Text ()

DIMATFIT

Both text and arrows


( )

DIMATFIT

Always keep text between ext lines (



)

DIMTIX

Suppress arrows if they


don't fit inside ( ,

)

DIMSOXD

alNew Dimension Style: DimStyle


Lines and Arrows] Text

Fit

Primary Units I Alternate Units I Tolerances I

fit Options
j If there isn't enough room to place both text
i and arrows -inside extension lines, the first
\ thing to move outside the extension lines is:

14,11

].(* . Either the text or the arrows,


whichever fits best
M*4 Arrows
j ; Text
i f~ Both text and arrows
! f Always keep text between ext lines
Suppress arrows if they don't fit inside
j
the extension lines
i ext Placement
I When text is not in the default position, place it
I (* Reside the dimension line

Scale for Dimension Features

( Use oveiall scale of:


C" Scale dimensions to layout (paperspace)
"Finejuning
jPlace text manually when dimensioning

("" Over the dimension line, with a leader


Over the dimension line, without a leader

Always draw dim line between ext lines

Cancel

Help

. 10.6. New Dimension Style Fit


7 . 537

10

186

2. Text Placement ( )
( ) , . 10.10.
10.10.

Beside the dimension


line (
)

DIM

Over the dimension


line with a leader
( )

DIM


, , . ,

Over the dimension


line without a leader
(He )

DIM

3. Scale for Dimension Features ( )


,
(. 10.11).
10.11.

Use overall scale of


( )

DIMSCALE

Scale dimension to
layout (paperspace)
(
)

4. Fine Tuning ( ) , . 10.12.

187

10.12.

Place text manually when


dimensioning (
)

DIMUPT

Always draw dim line


between ext lines ( )

DIMTOFL


,
.
^

10.5.
, , Primary Units ( )
New Dimension Style ( ) (. 10.7).
, .
1. Linear Dimensions ( )
(. 10.13).
10.13.

Unit format ( )

DIMLUNIT

Precision
()

DIMDEC

Fraction format
( )

DIMFRAC

Decimal separator
( )

DIMDSEP

Round off
()

DIMRND

Prefix ()

DIMPOST

Suffix ()

DIMPOST

10

188

Lines andArrowsj Text

j Fit

Primary Units [AlternateUnits] Tolerances

~ Linear Dimensions

~~

IJnit format:
Precision
! Fraction format:
| Decimal separator:
j Round off:
I Prefiij:
Angular Dimensions

j Suffix:
; Measurement Seale

i j j Units formal
i I
i

Apply to layout dimensions only

Zero Suppression" Leading


*..6 Feet
Trailing

" inches

rZero Suppression
" Leading
" Trailing

Cancel; :i:i ;

Help

. 10.7. New Dimension Style Primary Units

2. Measurement Scale ( )
(. 10.14).
10.14.

Scale factor
()

DIMSCALE

Apply to layout
dimensions only
( )

2. Angular Dimensions ( )
(. 10.15).

189

10.15.

Units format
( )

DIMAUNIT

Precision
()

DIMADEC

3. Zero Suppression ( ) (. 10.16).


10.16.


Leading
()
Trailing
()


D1MAZIN

10.6.
AutoCAD , .
, , ( ) ( )
Alternate Units ( ) New Dimension Style ( ) (. 10.8).
Alternate Units ( )
Display alternate units ( )
DIMALT 1.

10

190
Dimension Style: DimStyle
Lines and Arrows j Text | Fit

| Primary Units Alternate Units j Tolerances]

J7 Display alternate units


Alternate Units

I Unit format

lArchitectual

Jll

JO'-OV2"

j^j

Multiplier lor alt units:

,j

Bound distances to:

JO

frecision

r-

-:.

^t

14
--2-1
*-<&&

H0,y\V

\ f ^
"
!
\S~

,' - Placement

Prefix:
Suffe |
-Zero Suppression
Loading

' ' " "")

"

: : 1

"
.

'J
.

J
j

'17 0eet

! " Jieifif
. j ';;.':

1 After primarji value


:
1 .: ' . ' ' . . . .
f*" :fielow primary value

F/ flinches

OK

.
Cancel

Help

. 10.8. New Dimension Style Alternate Units

10.7.
Tolerances () New Dimension Style ( ) (. 10.9)
.
Tolerance Format ( )
(. 10.17).
10.17.

Method ()

DIMTOL

Precision ()

DIMTDEC

Upper value ( )

DIMTP

Lower value (
)

DIMTM

191

10.17 ()

Scaling for height


( )

DIMTFAC

Vertical position
()

DIMTOLJ

Zero Suppression ( )
(. 10.18).
10.18.


Leading ()

DIMTZIN

Trailing ()

&

Iff^fjisew Dimension Style: DimStyle


Lines and Airawsj Text j Fit

| Primary Unjl$| Alternate tl nits Toletances |

141
| Method

IBBHHHJL]

: Precision

I'lOO

^^

_^J j

-"! ^ :

^ Lo^ier value:
| Scaling for height
| Vertical pojition:

\fO

f \ . /\ ^

Piecisian:

| Middle

r2ero Suppiession

\\

r -

';'V:Fnfert

' || I7:Ttafca

_____

^ / \>
/

-Ml - Altetnale Unit olerance~

'Zero Suppression "

s~,

| Upper value:

ll:f-:&Ug

4D

Tirfog-

P Bjfichej

___

OK

1 0,000
^

J|J |
'

\ \

F BFsa
|71,1.

Cancel

. 10.9. New Dimension Style Tolerances

10

192

Alternate Units Tolerance ( ) .


-<.

. . . ' _ , .

10.8.

.
Purge ( ),
File | Drawing Utilites | Purge ( | | ),
(. 10.10)
Purge ().
[-
(* View items you can purge
* ! items you cannot purge
Items not used in drawing:
All items
-igl Blocks
- Dimension styles
1
*

*
1

. ^^^^^.

; ^^ |

Hfc Layers
I Linetypes
; $. Mline styles
j HI Plot styles
I *^g Shapes
1 H Table styles
^ Text styles

I**1 Confirm each item lo be purged


' '

'-

Purge
;!!'..

".';-

Purge nested items

|
:

Purged |

Close

Help

. ' , ' . . .

. 10.10. PURGE

Dimension style manager ( ),

193

,
(. 10.11) Delete ().

1 Dimension Style Manager


Current D imstyle: ISO-25
Styles:

Preview of: DimStyle

Set Current
New...
Modify...

Override.;
Compare...

ISO-25+ Toldevlower0.0000,Tolpos
vert=1

] All styles
. Don't list styles inXi-ei

Close

Help

. 10,11.

,
.
.
Rename () (. 10.11).

. 10.12.

Styles ()
(. 10.12), .

11

,
. .

11.1.
AutoCAD :
,
;

. ;
;
X Y , .

11.1.1.
, , , , .
, . Dimension
() Object Snap ( ).
, View | Toolbars ( | )
(. . 4.1). (. 11.1)
, .
, .

11

196

DIML1NEAR ():
, , .
1. RAZM, .
2. DimStyle (. . 10.1).
3. Dimension ()
Linear () Linear Dimension
( ) Dimension ().
4. (25) Snap to Endpoint ( ),
(. . 11.1).

>2!?

i1^

4 \\4\\\

<)

J226

J_ J
I

11

/-

^2.

;,.

*S40^17
. 11.1.

5. Snap to
Intersection () . ,
ZOOM () Window ()
Real Time ( ) (. . 5.5 6.1.2). .

197

6. Vertical () <Enter>.
7. ,
.
30 6. (. 11.2).

//.
CN

. 11.2.

DIMLINEAR ():

26 1x45. , .
1. Linear Dimension ( )
Dimension ().
2. , Snap to Intersection ().
3. Snap to Perpendicular () .
4. Mtext () <Enter>.
(. 11.3). , , AutoCAD.
5.
,
Symbol (),

11

Diameter ().
, (. 11.4).

. 11.3. Mtext

. 11.4.

1/-

//

I2 I
(

\\\\\\\\

\\\\\\\\ \\\\\^

.02 (

//

<

. 11.5.

/99

6. .
7. , .
1x45. ,
Vertical (), . .
.
, . 11.5.
, .
DIMLINEAR ():

, .
1. Dimension Style Manager ( ) Styles (). Dimension Style Manager ( )
(. . 10.1).
2. , Current Dimstyle ( ) , (. . 10.4).
3. Override () Override Current Style ( ),
Tolerances
() (. 11.6).
4. Tolerance Format ( )
(. . 10.17) 48, :
Method () Deviation ()
, , ;
Precision () 0.00 , ;
Upper value ( ) (0.17);
Lower value ( ) 0.5.
0.5, , ,
AutoCAD , ;
Scaling for height ( ) 0.5, , ,
, .

11

200
Override Current Style: DimStyle
Lines and Arrows Text [Fit

j Primary Units | Alternate Units [TqfeTancesjj

:|~Tolerance Format

I Method:
j Precision
| Upper value:
!

Loysjer value:
Scaling for height:
Vertical position:
Zero Suppression
j " Leading
[ 17 Trailing

"Alternate Unit Tolerance'


j Middle

jj I 'j Precision:

|0tt

~3

"""'i I | Zero Suppression


| Le^rng
! 1 Trailing

DK

F 0
F

Cancel

Help

. 11.6. Override Current Style


( ) Tolerances ()

5.
Override Current Style ( ). Dimension Style Manager ( ),
Styles () (. 11.7).
.
6. Close ()
Dimension Style Manager ( ).
7. j*~*jj Linear Dimension ( )
Dimension ().
8. , Snap
to Intersection ().
9. , Snap
to Intersection ().

201


a] Dimension 5tyle Manager
CuttentDimstyie: DimStyle
Preview of: < style overrides:
DimStyle

Set Current

<style overrides)
ISO-25

New...
Modify...

flverride...
Compare...

List:
JAII styles

' Description
DimStyle + Tol precision = 1

Close

Help

. 11.7.

,
10. Mtext () <Enter>.
,
(. . 11.3). () , , AutoCAD, ,
.

02 6
VI
. 11.8.

11

202

11.
.
12. ,
.
.
,
. , .
, .
DIMLINEAR ():

,
(. . 11.1). ,
106 0.23 0, . ,
.
1. DimStyle :

Dimension Style Manager (
) Styles (). Dimension Style Manager ( )
(. . 10.1);
DimStyle, Styles (), Set Current ();
, Current Dimstyle ( ) (. . 10.4);

Dimension Style Manager ( ).
2. [*-j[ Linear Dimension ( )
Dimension ().
3. , Snap
to Intersection ().
4. .
5. Mtext () <Enter>.
(. . 11.3). , , AutoCAD.

203

6.
: (

), -0.23.
7. , ,
Stack ( ). , , .
8. .
9. ,
.
(. 11.9).

. 11.9. ,

25
0.23 40 -0.017 (. . 11.1).
(. . 11.1) , ,
.

11

204

QLEADER ():
, , .
1. Quick Leader ( ) Dimension ().

Annotation Leader Line 8. Arrow Attachment

Annotation Type

" MText options:

' <* gfextj

W Prompt for ^i

t C'.J^opyan Object

" Always Jefl justify


" frame text

I -f", .Tolerance
j

glock Reference

"Annotation Reuse

None

OK

Reuse Next

Rfiuititimfi

Cancel

Help

. 11.10.

2. <Enter> Leader Settings


( ) (. 11.10),
. :
Annotation () ;

Leader Line & Arrow ( )


;

Attachment ()
.
3.
Leader Settings ( ).
Annotation () :

MText (),
;

Always left justify ( ), .

205

Leader Line & Arrow ( ):

Leader Line () Straight


() ;

Number of Points ( ) 2,
( );

Arrowhead ()
Closed filled ( ).

Attachment () Underline
Bottom Line ( )
.

4. , . .
5. ( )
<Enter> .
DIMALIGNED ():

DIMLINEAR ()
( ).
,
DIMALIGNED ()
. , , .
1. Aligned Dimension (
) Dimension ().

. 11.11.

206

11

2. , .
3. , .

(. 11.11).
DIMANGULAR (): ,

180,
, 180, .
180 (. 11.12).
, .
1. Angular Dimension ( )
Dimension ().

Select arc, circle, line, or <specify vertex>:
( , , < )
2. .
, , .

<Enter> ;
;
, .
3.
.

. 11.12. (60), (300)


(120)

207

DIMBASELINE ():

,
.
. .
,
.

(. 11.13). .
, .
1. 8 DimStyle:

Dimension Style Manager (
) Styles ()
;

Dimension Style Manager (


) DimStyle
Modify () Modify
Dimension Style ( ),
Lines and Arrows ( );

8 Baseline spacing ( )
Dimension Lines ( ) ;

.
2. (. ).
3. Baseline Dimension ( ) *|

Dimension ().

. 11.13.

11

208

4. , . .
. , <Enter>.
:

DIMCONTINUE ():

, ,
(. 11.14).
, . , .
1. (. ).
2. Continue Dimension ( ) [
Dimension ().
3. ( ), . . .
, <Enter>.
4. , . .
. , <Enter>.
60

72

. 11.14.

209

QDIM ():

QDIM () .
,
.
, .
1. Quick Dimension ( )
Dimension ().
:
Select geometry to dimension:

( :)
2. , , <Enter>.
:
Specify dimension line position, or
[Continuous/Staggered/Baseline/Ordinale/Radius/
Diameter/datumPoint/Edit/seTtings] <Continuous>:
(
[/////
///<>:)
3.
:
Continuous () ;
Staggered () ( );

Baseline () ;

Ordinate () ;
Radius () ;

Diameter () ;

datum Point ()
;
Edit () (AutoCAD , );
seTtings () .

210

11

11.1.2.
. ,
, .
DimStyle.

, .
1. ^ Dimension Style Manager ( ) Styles ().
Dimension Style Manager ( ) (. . 10.1).
2. DimStyle New ().
3. Create New Dimension Style ( ) (. . 10.2) Use for ()
Radius Dimensions ()
Continue ().
4. Lines and Arrows ( ) Center Marks
for Circles ( ) ()
(. . 10.5) None ().
5. Text () Text Alignment ( )
Horizontal ( ). .
6.
Dimension Style Manager ( ).
Styles () DimStyle Radial
().
7. New ().
Create New Dimension Style ( ).
8. Use for () Diameter
Dimensions () Continue ().
9. Lines and Arrows ( ) Center Marks
for Circles ( ) ()
None ().
10. Text () Text Alignment ( )
Horizontal ( ). "
, ,
Fit () (. . 10.6) Both text and
arrows ( ) Fit Options ( )

211

Beside the dimension line ( )


Text Placement ( ).
11

Dimension Style Manager ( ). Styles


() DimStyle Diameter
() (. 11.15).
12. Close ()
.
al Dimension Style Manager
Current 0 imstyle: D imS tyle
Styles:

. . , '

Preview of; PimStyle:: Diametej

DimStyle
Diameter
^Radial
ISO-25

New...

Compare...

List:
:;|Ali styles

D ascription ---"-
DimStyle + Tol deviation Off, Text inside
align = On, Text outside align = On, Center
mark size 0.0000, Tol precision * 1
Close

Help

. 11.15.

DIMRADIUS ():


(. 11.16), .
1. Radius Dimension () - f
Dimension ().
2. .
:
Text () Mtext ()
. (< >)
,
AutoCAD;

212

11

Angle () .

. 11.16.

3.
.
4. .
DIMDIAMETER (),
.

11.1.3.
, , ,
. ,
, .
TOLERANCE (), . QLEADER
()
, Leader Settings ( ) (. . 11.10) Annotation () Tolerance
(). TOLERANCE ()
Geometric Tolerance ( ) (. 11.17), . , , .
TOLERANCE ():

, .
1. Tolerance () Dimension (). Geometric
Tolerance ( ) (. . 11.17).

213

[gjGeometric Tolerance

Tolerance 2"

- I ; Datum 1-; Datum 2-] r Datum 3


:

i|~' |''[ :1]~~

_il inil til I.ci


Height: |15

Proiected Tolerance Zone: [

)alum Identifier:
Cancel

Help

. 11.17.
Symbol

. 11.18.

2. Sym ().
Symbol () (. 11.18).
3. , .
4. Tolerance 1 ( 1) Geometric Tolerance (
)
.
5. .
6.
. Tolerance 1
( 1) Material Condition ( ) (. 11.19) .
Material Condition

. 11.19.

11

214

7. Tolerance 2 ( 2).
8. Datum
().
9.
,
10. ,
Height (), Projected Tolerance
Zone ( ) .
11. Datum Identifier ( ) .
12. Geometric Tolerance ( ).
13. .
, TOLERANCE (), . 11.20.

0 ,:

. 11.20. ,

11.2.

(. . 8.4) . ,

, , , , .
, DESIGNCENTER.

215

DIMLINEAR ():

, .
1.
Tool Palettes ( )
Standard () TOOL PALETTES ( ) Command Tools () (. 11.21).
2. Linear Dimension (
), , , .
3. .
.

HJne
. Linear
Dimension

MText

Curved

Hemispherical

Table - Imperial

. 11.21. Command Tools

, , (. . 11.1.1).
Command Tools () TOOL PALETTES
( )
Linear Dimension ( ) DIMLINEAR
(),
.

216

11


,
, .
1.
TOOL PALETTES ( ) Auto-hide ( ), (. . 8.20).
2. , . .
3. ,
, , ,
(. 11.22).

' /
_

Q.;

(U ' LAMMM^J

Linear
Dimension

MText

Curved

i
Oi
1

'

I Hemispherical
Table - Imperial

Table -ISO
VisualLisp

. 11.22.

, , Tool Properties (
) (. . 8.22).
Properties () (. . 8.21).

217


Tool Properties ( ). , , Linear Dimension ( ) .

11.3.

.
DIMSTYLE (),
, DIMEDIT ()
Properties (). ,
.

11.3.1.

DIMSTYLE (),
,
Dimension Style Manager ( ) (. . 10.1), (. . 10.1).
,
:
Current dimension style:
Enter a dimension style option
[Save/Restore/STatus/Variables/Apply/?] <Restore>:
( : <>

[/////?] <>:)

:
Save () .
Restore ()
.
STatus () , .
Variables () , .
8 . 537

218

11

Apply () .
? .
Apply () . .
DIMSTYLE ():
, .
1. Dimension () Update () Dimension Update ( ) Dimension ().
2. , , .
3. <Enter> .

11.3.2.

Properties (). ,
,
, , .
DIMEDIT ():
DIMEDIT (),
:
1. Dimension Edit ( )
Dimension ().
2.
<Enter>. :

() ;

New () ;

Rotate () ;

Oblique () .
3. <Enter>.
4. , .

219

DIMTEDIT ():


.
. . Dimension Text Edit ( )
Dimension ().

:
Left ()
;
Right () ;
Center () ;
() ;
Angle () .

11.3.3.

,
. , , ,
. , , ,
. ,
, . .

, .
1. .
.
2. .
.

220

11

3. .
4. <Esc> .

, .
1.
, .
.
2. .
3. <Esc> .

12



, , , , CIRCLE (), ARC (), ELLIPSE
(), SPLINE (), FILLET (), ROTATE
() STRETCH (). .

12.1.
, .
ROTATE () STRETCH ()
. .

12.1.1.

, Creaty
New Drawing ( ) Options () (. . 5.6.1).
, :
1. AutoCAD, File |
New ( | ).
2. Create New Drawing ( )
Use a Wizard ( )
Advanced Setup ( ) (. 12.1).

222

12
falCreate New Drawing

Use a Wizard

"Wizard Description"""~
Sets the units, angle, angle measure, angle direction, and area for your new
drawing. Based on the template acadiso.dwt.

OK

Cancel

. 12.1. Create New Drawing Use a Wizard

Advanced Setup
Select the unit of measurement.

Units

f*1 ^.ecimaj

Angle
Angle Measure
Angle Direction
Area

* Engineering;

16

Architectural
<" Fractional
" Scientific

Precision:

l
>

. 12.2.

223

3. Decimal () Precision (), 0 (. 12.2).


4.

Decimal Degree ( )
Precision (), 0;
East ();


Counter - Clockwise ( );
Width () 420 Length () 297.
5. 10x10, GRID
() (. . 2.1.4).
6. , MCHioView | Zoom | All ( | | ).

12.1.2.

, .
AutoCAD DESIGNCENTER
Vtulka.dwg (. . 6 7)
.

DESIGNCENTER, , Tools |
DesignCenter ( | ).
DESIGNCENTER (. . 7.9).
Vtulka.dwg, ,
(+) .
, .
Layers (). , , , Vtulka.dwg.
, <Ctrl>, , , .
Vtulka.dwg.

.

12

224

12.1.3. ,

Axis,
168
,
7. .

CIRCLE ():

AutoCAD ,
, Draw | Circle ( | ) (. 12.3).
Arc

Donut
Spline
Ellipse

Block
Table...

Point

Center, Radius
Center, Diameter

2 Points
3 Points
Tan, Tan, Radius

Tan, Tan, Tan

Hatch.,.

. 12.3.
/

, .
1. Draw () Circle
(), Center, Radius (, ) Center, Diameter (, ).
2.

(250,100) <Enter>.

3. 84 168, ,
<Enter>.
Contur 132, 134 118

7 20
(". 12.4).

225

. 12.4.

20,
20
134 (. . 12.4). CIRCLE (),
.
CIRCLE ():
,
, , .
1. Draw () Circle
(), Tan, Tan, Radius (
, ). Tangent ().
2. (, ).
3. ( 134, ).
4. 10 <Enter>.

12

226



118. ORTHO
()

(. 12.5):
8;
10;
16;
10.

. 12.5.

8 (. . 12.5). AutoCAD
(. 12.6),
, .

Circle

t '

Donut

V; Block

> _
>

Table.,.
Point
Hatch.,,
Boundary.,,
Region
,:

Wipeout ,

Start, Center, End


Start, Center, Angle

Spline
Ellipse

...
3 Points

> ..

Start, Center, Length :.:.,


Start, End, Angle
Start, End, Direction
Start, End, Radius
Center, Start, End
Center, Start, Angle
Center, Start, Length
Continue.

. 12.6.

227

ARC ():
, , .
1. Draw (), Arc
(), Start, Center, End
(, , ).
2. Endpoint (), ,
Midpoint () , Endpoint () (. . 12.5).
,
, 134,
FILLET (). 2
(. 12.7).
ERASE ().

. 12.7.

FILLET ():

, ,
1. Modify ()
Fillet ().
2. Radius ()
<Enter>.
3.
<Enter>.
4. .
134 .

12

228

, TRIM () (. . 5),
.

OFFSET (), 1 (. 12.8).

. 12.8.


(. 12.9).

. 12.9.

, (. . 12.11).

229

12.2. ,


. (. . 5.5.2).
.
ARRAY ():

, .
1. Modify () Array ().
Array () (. 12.10).
2. Polar Array ( ).
3. Pick Center Point ( ).
. Center ()
, .

HHHHHHHOIZI

ectangular Array

snter point:

J171

[ 1 Select objects

f*olar Array
Y: [?4

i_

Method and values

Method:
Total number of items S; Angle to fill
Total number of jlems:

Angle to fill
Angle Between items:

|
J5:'|

T-J
1
1;

0|
, j:
;S3

i 1 ) For angle to fill, a positive value specifies


rotation. A negative value
1 ' '|/ counterclockwise
specifies clockwise rotation,
lip

; "Roiate items as copied

~ ._ Mfite .?

3 objects selected

-/
, Cancel

Help

. 12.10.

12

230

4. Select objects ( ). , .
<Enter>. Array ().
5. Total number of items ( ) 3
( ), Angle to fill
( ) 360.
6. Rotate items as copied ( ).
7. .
.
(. 12.11).

. 12.11.

. 12.12.

231

,
30 .
COPY () (. . 6) , X 30, 1+8
(. 12.12), -60.
ROTATE
(). , . 12.13.

. 12.13.

ROTATE ():

, .
1. Modify ()
Rotate () Rotate
() Modify ().
2. <Enter>.
3. , .
4.
<Enter>.
. , ,
(. 12.14) .

12

232

I
'\ .

'

^>/

t 1

. 12.14.

^ .

COPY () (. . 6). STRETCH () 15 .
STRETCH ():
.
STRETCH () , ,
, , , , , , , . , ;
.
, .
1. Modify () Stretch
() Stretch ()
Modify ().

233

2. 1 2 (. 12.15)
. .
<Enter>.

6-5

. 12.15.
Stretch

3. (0, 15) @, . . ,
, <Enter>.
4.
<Enter>. ,
,


,
, , (. . 12.15),

.
, .

12.3.
.
.
.

234

12

SPLINE ():

,
.
1. Draw ()
Spline () Spline ()
Draw ().
2. ,
<Enter>.
" ".
3. , "
",
. " " .
4.
.
,
,
. 12.14.
SPLINEDIT ():
,
.
1. Modify () |
Object () Edit Spline m
( ) Modify-II (-2).
2. .
:
Fit data ()
.

Close ()
.

Move vertex () .

Refine () , .

rEverse () .

Undo () .

235

3. .
4. Exit () <Enter>
.
.

12.4.

.
,
(. 12.16).

.

. 12.16.

ELLIPSE ():



, .
1. Draw ()
Ellipse (), Axis, End "*
(, ) Ellipse ()
Draw ().
2.
. .
3. . ,
, .
4. , . " ", .

236

12

ELLIPSE ():

, .
1. Draw () Ellipse
(), . Center ().
2. , .
3. . , , .
4. , .
ELLIPSE ():

, .
1. Draw ()
Ellipse (), Arc ()
Elliptical Arc ( ) Draw ().
2.
.
3. . ,
, .
4. ,
.
5. .

6. .

.

13


. PLINE
(), RECTANG (), POLYGON (-), DONUT
(), PEDIT () MLSTYLE (),
MLINE (), MLEDIT ().

13.1.

, . :
;
;

;
;
;
;
;
.

PLINE ():
, .
1. Draw ()
Polyline () Polyline () Draw ().

13

238

2. .

Current line width is nnn
( nnn)

Specify next point or [/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]:
( [////]:).

Close ().
:
Arc () ;
Close () , , ;
Halfwidth ()
. ,
, . . " ", ;
Length () , ;

Undo () .
, ;

Width () .

.
3. <Enter>. , .
4. Arc () <Enter>. ,

Specify endpoint of arc or
[Angle/CEnter/CLose/Direction/Halfwidth/Line/Radius/Second pt/Undo/Width]:
(
[///////
//]:)

239

Close (), Halfwidth () Width () , . .


, , .
,
.
Angle () .

Center () . , . .
, , .

Close () ,
.

Direction ()
, .
Line ()
. /
Radius () .

Second pt ( ) ,
.

5.
Line ().
6. , <Enter> Close
(), .
. 13.1 .

. 13.1.

13

240

, , ,'
, .
RECTANG ():

, .
1. Draw ()
Rectangle ()
Rectangle () Draw ().

Specify first corner point or [Chamfer/Elevation/Fillet/Thickness/Width]:
( [////]:)

. 13.2.

2. . , .
Chamfer () .

Fillet () .

Width () .
3. .
4. .
,
(. 13.2).

241

POLYGON (-):

POLYGON (-) 3 1024 (. 13.3).
, .
1. Draw ()
Polygon () Polygon
() Draw ().
2. <Enter>.

Specify center of polygon or [Edge]:
( []:)
3. , X.
Edge ()
X. , . .

. 13.3.
4. ,

Enter an option [Inscribed in circle/Circumscribed about circle] <I>:
( [ / ] <>:)
5. <Enter>.
6. <Enter>.

242

13


POLYGON (-). PEDIT ().
DONUT ():

,
. , .
1. Draw () Donut
().
2. <Enter>. , .
3. <Enter>. .
4. . , <Enter>. .
FILLMODE, 0, , 1 .

. 13.4.


(. 13.4). PEDIT ().
PEDIT ():
PEDIT () ,
, , (. 13.5).

243

. 13.5.

PEDIT ()
,
PELLIPSE 1, . . PELLIPSE=0 , . , :
1. Modify () Object
(), Polyline ().
2. .
Enter an option [Close/Join/Width/Edit vertex/Fit/Spline/Decurve/Ltype gen/
Undo]:
( [/////
/ //]:)
, :
Close () ;
Join () , ;
Width () ;
Edit vertex () ;
Fit () ,
;
Spline () ;

244

, 13

Decurve ( ) ,
Fit () Spline
(), ;
Ltype gen ()
;
Undo ()
PEDIT ().
3.
<Enter>.
4. , , , <Enter>.

13.2.
2 16 ,
. . . , .
, ,
. .
.
MLSTYLE ():
, .
1. Format () Multiline style ( ). Multiline style
( ).
2. Multiline style ( ) (. 13.6) Name () Description () . 255 .
, Current ()
.
3.
Add (). Current ().

245

Multiline Styles

Multiline Style

'
:j STANDARD

Current
I Name:

STANDARD

Description:
LQad...: j

Save...

"OK ]j
"----"-'-'-'"'\;<

Rename

Help

Cancel
-.-.-1.-..-.-.--.-.-.-.-

-'-

. 13.6.

4. Element Properties ( )
.
Element Properties ( ).
5. Add (). .
6. Offset (), Color () Linetype ( )
(. 13.7).
Element Properties
Elements:

Offset

Color

: Ltype

BYLAYER ByLayer
BYLAYER Bylayer

ACAD_IS007

OK

Cancel

Help

. 13.7.

13

246

1. Element Properties
( ). Multiline Styles (
).
8.
Multiline Properties ( ) Multiline Styles ( ).
Multiline Properties ( ) (. 13.8).
9. Multiline Properties ( )
.
JMultiline Properties

" Display joints

.Cap.
1 Line
:

Outer arc

Inner arcs
; Angle
Fill

Start

End

F
F
F

|45.000

'A':

-:: 90.000

| On

1i-"
OK -'I

^.^^^
Cancel

Help

. 13.8.

10. Multiline Properties


( ), Multiline Styles ( ) .

(. 13.9).
, Multiline Styles ( )
Save (). , ,
acad.mln ,
.

247

, 13.9.
MLINE ():
, .
, , .
1. Draw () Multiline
()
Current settings: Justification = Top, Scale = 20.00, Style = ML3
Specify start point or [Justification/Scale/STyle]:
( : = , = 20.00, = ML3
[//]:)
2.
.
3. Style ()
<Enter>.
\
4.
, .
5. Justification ()
Top, Center, Bottom (, ).

13

248

6. Scale
() .
7.
, Close
().
8. <Enter>.

13.2.1.
, . ,
.
MLEDIT ().
MLEDIT ():
, .
1. Modify () Object
(), Multiline ().
Multiline Edit Tools ( ) (. 13.10).
2. Multiline Edit Tools ( )
Delete vertex ( ), .
3. <Enter>.
Multiline Edit Tools

DjQ[

Cancel . j

jjelp

. 13.10.

249

MLEDIT ():
-
, (. 13.11).

. 13.11.

, .
1. Modify () Object
(), Multiline (). Multiline Edit Tools (
) (. . 13.10).
2. Multiline Edit Tools ( )
Closed cross (
), .
3. , . .
4. <Enter> .
,
<Enter>.
Multiline Edit Tools ( )
<Enter>.
MLSTYLE ():
,
.
1. Format () Multiline
Styles ( ). Multiline Styles
( ).
2. Multiline Styles ( ) (. . 13.5)
Current () .
93. 537

250

13

3. Element Properties ( )
. Element Properties ( ).
4. Elements () Offset (), Color
() Linetype ( ). Delete ().
5. Element
Properties ( ). Multiline Styles
( ), Multiline
Properties ( ).
6. Multiline Properties ( )
.
7. Multiline Properties
( ), Multiline
Styles ( ) Save () mln.
8. Multiline Properties
( ) .

14


, ,
. ,, , , AutoCAD.
, , .

14.1.
AutoCAD
. .
, W (World) (M ()).
.
. UCS
(), ,
.. , :
45.462,-56.09 ;
@23.7,8.32 ;
*57.8,85 ;
65<30
;

252

14

@25<60 .


.
:
@ <Enter>. ;
<Enter> LINE (), PLINE
() ARC () ,
.
, .
.
UCS ():
UCS () ,
.
1. Tools () New UCS
( ), Origin ().
2. .
.
UCS (): Z
UCS ()
,
.
1. Tools () New UCS
( ), Z (Z).
2. Z <Enter>.
UCS ():
UCS ()
, .
1. Tools () New UCS
( ), 3 Point (3 ).
2. .

253

3. X.
4. Y.
UCS ():

UCS (),
, .
1. Tools () New UCS
( ), Object ().
2. , . , . 14.1.
14.1.


. X


. X

.
X ,

, X .

, X

, X

, X ,

. X

, . X

254

14

Named UCSs j;Qrthographic UCSij Settings|


Current UCS: Pskl
Set Current
Details

OK

Cancel

Help

. 14.1.

ffanucs icon
UCS icon style
ff 20

*~ 3D

FLine width:

UCS icon size

F UCS icon color


I NJdel space icon color:

Layout tab icon color:


I Blue

White

OK

Cancel

Help

. 14.2.

255

UCSMAN ():

, .
1. Tools ()
Named UCS ( ).
2. Named UCS ( ) UCS
() (. 14.1) Unnamed ( ) .
<Enter>.

Set Current (). UCS
() . <Del>.
UCS () . UCS Icon ( ) (. 14.2).
UCSICON ():

, .
1. View () Display (), UCS Icon ( ).
2.
ON ().
,
Origin ().
. .
/ ,
UCSICON ():

, .
1. View () Display (), UCS Icon ( ).
2.
Settings ().
3. UCS Icon ( ) (. 14.2)
.

14

256

14.2.

, . (. . 3.2.1).

(. 14.3),
<Shift>.
Temporary track point
From
Mid Between 2 Points
_______

^___HMHIM_^__MHMI__

Point Filters

Endpoint

:1

mm

Midpoint
Intersection

.XV

Apparent Intersect

,xz

; Extension

.YZ

. 14.3.

, .
, . , , . X. AutoCAD
X ,
. .
Y.
AutoCAD : ., .Y, .,
. X;
. Y;
. XY X,Y.

14.3.
, . 3.2.1.
.
.

257


IPlDrafting Settings
Snap and Grid jpoiar Tracking] Object Snap)

r|repOnlpi V
p'Snap~"

"~"

-. . ..
~~

i SnagX spacing:

"s.410

: ;:]

I Y base:

JO
~~

; Polai spacing

i
i

G: rid
"

J10

' / "'- a - *

spacing:

|
'
.

.. j .

| X base:

^.."-,__^

i> Grid X spacing:

|0

fingle:

"

'"**]

i SnapYspaejng

FfiridOnR):

" ~~j pGrid^ "

~_ i type ^ style ~~
i
-.' ' ' .
'
)^|
^ Grid snap
. i

!_~^

~~

[' .

(* Rgctanguiat shap
f Isojrnetric snap
PolatSnap

i ._, _ _-_.

Options...

:> OK . | Cancel

/Help

. 14.4. ,

. 14.5. ,

258

14

14.3.1.

, .


, .
1. <Ctrl> , ,
.
2. <PageUP> <PageDown>
<Ctrl> -.
3. ,
, <>.

14.3.2.


X , , .
SNAP ():
SNAP () , Drafting Settings ( ) (. 14.4).
Rotate () .
,
Drafting Settings ( ) Angle () , .
,
, (. . 14.5).
DSETTINGS ():

(. . 3.2.1) ORTHO ()
. ORTHO () .
AutoCAD 2000,
,

259

(. 14.6).
.
,
.
1. Tools () Drafting Settings ( ). Drafting Settings ( ). Polar Tracking ().

Polar; 160.3292 < 225

. 14.6.

2. Polar Tracking On ( )
(. 14.7).
3. Increment angle ( ) .
, Additional
angles ( ), New
() .
4. Polar Angle measurement ( ) , ( ,
).
5. Object Snap Tracking Settings ( ) Track using all polar angle settings ( ), .
6. , (. . 14.6)
, Options (). Options ()
Drafting ().

14

260

Drafting Settings
Snai ) and Grid Polar Tracking j ObiecCSriap |

Polar Tracking On{F10]


rF 'olar Angle Settings

increment angle:

^Additional angles

-^J

il

"Object Snap Tracking Settings"


j

Track orthogonajly only

(" Track using all polar angle


setti

-" i

"9S

HW- J I L__
r;, ;:,,;,> j j . Polar Angle measurement - j

f*' Absolute

1 f Relative to last segment


" ' . ' . '

'

Opjiorf:,.; |

OK

Cancel ftelp

. 14.7.
Current drawing:

Drawing3.dwg

|-User Preferences Drafting | Selection] Profiles|


AutoTrack Settings

"

1 Display Eolar tracking vector


1 Display full-screen tracking vector
P^ Display AutoTracJs tooltip

. 14.8.
Options

7. Options () AutoTrack
Settings ( ) :

Display polar tracking vector ( );


Display AutoTrack tooltip ( ).

, (. 14.8).

261

8. Options () Drafting Settings ( ) .



, .

<Enter>. Intersection (),
.
, ORTHO
() .
Drafting Settings ( ), <F10>
POLAR (-) .

14.3.3.
, -,
.
SNAP ():


.
.
, .
1. Tools () Drafting
Settings ( ). Drafting Settings
( ) (. . 14.4).
2. Snap and Grid ( ) Snap ON ( ),
.
3. X Snap X spacing (
X) Snap Y spacing ( Y) Y.
4. Snap type & style ( )
Grid Snap ( ) Rectangular Snap ().
5. Drafting Settings ( ).

14

262

<F9>;
SNAP () ;
<Ctrl>+<B>.
DSETTINGS ():

Drafting Settings ( ) Snap and Grid ( ). Snap type & style ( ) PolarSnap
( ) (. 14.9), Polar distance
()
. ,
. ,
.
Drafting Settings
Snap and Grid I Polar Tracking) Object Snap |
F Grid On (F7)
rGrid-

Snap

GridX spacing:

10

GndY spacing:

10

r Snap type & style


j

G.rid snap

1i

ff

Itte'tfarigi

iSornefe

Polar spacing "


Polar distance:

Options...

50

( PolarSnap

OK

Cancel

Help

. 14.9.

263

14.4.

.
, , ,
(. 14.10).

Endpoint: < 0, Endpoint: < 90

. 14.10.

1 SNAP! GRID] oRTHoj | POLAR IOSNAP IQTRACK LWT] | MODEL


. 14.11.

,
(. 14.11),
.
.
,
.
, , ,
.
.
:
<F11>;

264

14

OTRACK (-) ;
<Shift> , , , Temporary Track Point ( ).
(. 14.12).

//,

\ > _f

'//,

1J

'1

13 5

. 08,5

. 14.12. ,


, :
1. :

Drafting Settings ( ), Format ();

Endpoint ()
Object Snap ( );

Drafting Settings ( )
Options ()
Options () Drafting ();

265

Options () Autotrack Settings


( ) :

Display full-screen tracking vector (


);

Display Auto Track tooltip ( );

Options (), Drafting Settings ( ) ;

OTRACK (-) , .

2. LINE ()
,
. . ,

<Enter>. , (. 14.13).

Endpoint: < 90, Endpoint: < 180

. 14.13.

14

266

14.5.

, .
.

14.5.1.
,
.
XLINE ():
,
(. 14.14). . ,
.

. 14.14. ,

, .
1. Draw ()
Construction line () ,/j Construction line () Draw ().

Specify a point or [Hor/Ver/Ang/Bisect/Offset]:


( [////]:)
, :
() , ;

267

Ver () , ;

Ang ()
-;

, -

Bisect () ,
;
Offset ()
.
,
, , ( ) .
2.
<Enter>.
3. .
RAY ():
,

(. 14.15).

. 14.15. ,

, .
1. Draw () Ray
() Ray ()
Draw ().
2. .
3.
, .

14

268

14.5.2.
,
Node (). .
, . ,

, .
DDPTYPE ():

, .
1. Format () Point
Style ( ). Point Style ( ) (. 14.16).
* Style

G
G

Point Size:

X 1
( |
1

J5.0000
':;..-:-

'

i .

("Set Size Relative to Screen


Set Size in Absolute Units

OK

Cancel

Help

. . .. .

. 14.16.
2. Point style ( ) , .
3. Point Size ( ) , .

269

4. .
, .
POINT ():
, .
1. Draw () Point
(), Single Point ().
2. .
,
(. 14.17), .

. 14.17.

, :
Multiple () POINT
();
Divide ()

DIVIDE ();
Measure () MEASURE ().

14.6.
AutoCAD CAL
() <Enter>.

14

270

, (').
:
, ;.,
, .


<Enter>.
. . 14.2 , , .
14.2. , AutoCAD

2.821+1.18

4.001

6.89-3.76

3.13

4.5*2.3

10.35

16.2/5.1

3.17647

23.4 2

547.56

2.1*(4.1+2 3)

25.41

(. 14.3).
14.3. AutoCAD

Sin()

Sin(45)

0.707107

Cos()

Cos(30)

0.866025

TangQ

Tang(75)

3.73205

AsinQ

Asin(0.834)

56.5119

AcosQ

Acos(0.16)

80.7931

AtanO

Atan(2.354)

66.9838

Lri()

Ln(65.3)

4.17899

Log()

Log(34.6)

1 .53908

271
14.3 ()

()

Exp(-0.18)

1 0

1 0()

Exp1 0(2.35)

223.872

Sqr()

Sqr(5.78)

33.4084

Sqrt()

Sqrt(1 25.78)

11.2152

Abs()

Abs(-8.6)

8.6

RoundQ

Round(5.679)

()

Tranc(6.11)

R2d()

R2d(1.62)

92.8192

D2r()

D2r(48)

0.837758

pi

Pi

3.14159

CvunitsQ

Cvuntts(10,cm,inch)

3.93701

[6.72,-4]+[4<45]

(9.54843, -1 .17157)

DISTO

DISTO

ANG()

ANG()

0.83527

53.0278

, , ,
. 14.4. AutoCAD , , .
14.4.

END

ENDPOINT

NEA

NEAREST

INS

INSERT

NOD

NODE

INT

INTERSECTION

QUA

QUADRANT

MID

MIDPOINT

PER

PERPENDICULAR

CEN

CENTER

TAN

TANGENT

, .

14

272
1.
.
:

1. LINE ()
,
<Enter> . :
50,65
120,78.34
80.0345,124.32
2. Close ().
3. , CAL () <Enter>.
4. (END+END+END)/3
<Enter>.
5. .
: (83.3448, 89.22)
2.
, 2,2 6<45
.
:
1. , CAL () <Enter>.
2. [2,2]+[6<45]
<Enter>.
: (6.24264, 6.24624).

14.7.
AutoCAD
:
;

;
;

273

;
.
luquery ()
.
LIST ():

, , . ,
, . 6.11, .
1. Tools () ^
Inquery (), List
() List () Inquery ().
2. <Enter>.

(. 14.18).
1- AutoCAD Text Window - F:\KNIGA2\GLAVA14\RIS14_18.DWG

dit; : -'-'.:.':- ... _, "'..; : ,

: . .,,..;" :" , '';:'' ; ' >

Select objects
Layer : "Razm"
Space : Model space
Linetype
Color: 7 (white)
Handle = 274

DIMENSION

associative: yes
type: vertical
1st extension defining point: X=
2nd extension defining point: X=
dimension line defining point: X=
user specified text position: X=
/
default text
dimension style: "ISO-25"

"BYLAYER"
}|j

120.2 Y=
127.7 Y=
147.2 Y=
147.2 Y=

182.1 Z=
152.1 Z=
152.1 Z=

i67.i z=

/'.'"

DIMENSION

associat ive : yes

Layer : "Razm"
Space : Model space
Color: 7 (white)
Linetype
Handle = 25C

type: vertical
1st extension defining point: X=

Press ENTER to continue: 1

131.7

Y=

"BYLAYER"

>
1

258.1 Z= j:

,<T....J ~~*::\

. 14.18.

14

274
OIST ():

,
:
X , ;
X Y.
,
.
1. Tools ()
Inquery (), Distance
() Distance () Inquery ().
2. , .
X Y (. 14.19).
1
Command :
dist Specify first point : Speci f second point :
JJDistance = 296.7, Angle in XY Plane = 51, Angle from XY Plane = 0
jjDelta X = 1S5.0 , Delta Y = 232 .0,
Delta Z = 0.0
||
j (Command :
,
,..
: ...., .
,
/
.
^

. 14.19.

AREA ():
, :
;
, , , ;
,
.
,
,
(. 14.20).
1. Tools ()
Inquery (), Area

275

() Area () Inquery ().


Specify first corner point or [Object/Add/Subtract]:
( [//]:)

. 14.20.
I

2. .
Add () <Enter>.
3. Object ()
<Enter> .
4.
, <Enter>.
, ', .
5. ,
Subtract (), Object (), <Enter> .
6. , ,
<Enter> .
(. 14.21)
.
, AutoCAD
STATUS (),
:

276

14

;
;
, .

QnTx

101 AutoCAD Text Window - F:\KNIGA2\GtAVA14\RIS14_20.DWG


E

dit

:."-.:,:

V '.-..'

." .../- , ^ : . :

'

iv<i4^ ''..' .; :, V . .;

Area = 38013.2711. Circumference = 6 9 1 . 1 5 0 4


Total area - 119840.7105

i (SUBTRACT mode) Select objects:


'Area 7 0 6 . 8 5 8 3 , Circumference 9 4 . 2 4 7 8
; Total area - 119133.8522

(SUBTRACT mode) Select objects:


Area 706.8583, Circumference = 9 4 . 2 4 7 8
;: Total area - 118426.9938

(SUBTRACT mode) Select objects:


; Area - 706.8583, Circumference - 9 4 . 2 4 7 8
: Total area 117720.1355

:.

.'

. S

(SUBTRACT mode) Select objects:


Area = 706.8583, Circumference 9 4 . 2 4 7 8
Total area - 117013.2771
.,

(SUBTRACT mode) Select objects:


Specify f i r s t corner point or [Object/Add]:

Command : I

,.,_.

. ,,

. 14.21.

TIME () :
;
;
.

14.8.
AutoCAD 2005, , ,
. , .
Standard ()
(. 14.22), ,
.

277

]Table Style

Current T ablestyle: Standard


Styles:
.

Preview of: Standard

Standard

Set Current
.New...

Modify...

List:

Close

Help

. 14.22.
Table Style

TABLESTYLE ():

, :
1. Format () Table Style (
) Table Style Manager (
) Styles ().
Table Style ( ) (. 14.22).
2. New ().
Create New Table Style ( ) (. 14.23).
1 Create New Table Style

New Style Name: JMyTabj


Start With: (standard
Continue

Cancel

Help

. 14.23.
Create New Table Style

14

278

3. Create New Table Style ( ) New Style Name ( ),


Continue ().
New Table Style ( ) (. 14.24), .
RfjNew Table Style: MyTab
iKj| Column Heads | Title
Cell properties
For all data rows:
Text style:
,. Text height:
Textolor:
fill color:
Alignment:

Standard

4.5
|D ByBlock
|D None
op Center

[-General

"Border properties"

Table Direction:

I Gridjineweight:
i grid color:

I ByBlock

Down

Cell margins
:

Horizontal:

Vertical:

ByBlock

OK I

Cancel

Help

. 14.24.

4. , Data (),
. Cell properties ( ) . Border properties
( ) , .
General () Table
direction ( ), .
5. Column Heads ( )
, .

279

6. , , Title ( ), Include
Header row ( ),
, .
7. Table
Style ( ).
8. ,
Set Current ().
9. , ,
Current Tablestyle ( ).
Close (), .
,
Styles (), Table
Style Control ( ) (. 14.25).

Standard

. 14.25. Styles

, , .
TABLE ():
, , .
1. Draw () Table ()
Table () Draw ().
Insert Table ( ) (. 14.26).
2. , Table Style name ( ) . Specify insertion point (
) Insertion Behavior ( ).
3. Colomn & Row Settings ( ) .
4. .
, <> (. 14.27).

14

280
Hlnsert Table
Insertion Behavior ""

, Table Style Settings ; Table Style name:

Text height:

^ Specify Insertion point

4.5

f~ Specify window

Column & Row Settings 'Columns;

Ihe(s)

Cancel

"-. Help

. 14.26. Insert Table


ilext Formatting

jstandard

A
_r]|A
txlshx

_*j]5

J^j'B; f

:Vi -f-jM^ji OK

. 14.27.

tpy

:.:::'

ste

II Alignment

: __
.:

>

Borders...
,itchCel
In sert Block...
it Cell Text

1
I

;ert Columns

Delete Columns

Ri ht
'

Insert Rows
Delete Rows

:>

Remove Afl Property Overrides


Delete Cell Contents
Merge Cells

Properties

>

. 14.28.
,

281

5. Text Formatting
( ) .
.
6. ,
.
. ,

, , (. 14.28).

10 . 537

15


, , .
,
. AutoCAD STRETCH (), MOVE (),
ROTATE (), SCALE (), MIRROR ()
COPY ().
.

15.1.
,
. .

. 15.1. ,
Options () .

284

15

^ ,
.
GRIPBLOCK
0 1. 0
j , 1
1
, .
GRIPCOLOR
1 255. ,
5.
GRIPHOT 1 255. ,
1.
GRIPHOVER , . 1 255.
GRIPS , , , 0 1. 0 , 1 .
GRIPSIZE ( ), , 1 255. 3. GRIPTIPS .
, , Options () .
1. Tools () Options
(). Options () Selection () (. 15.2).
2. Grips () Enable grips (
).
3. Enable grips within blocks ( ), , .
4. ,
Grip Size ( ).
, , ,
. ,
.
, ,
.

285


\ Options
Cuirent profile:

Unnamed Profile

| Current drawing:

Drawingl.dwg

Files j Display) Open and Save) Plot and Publish j System] U set Preferences) Drafting Selection [Profiles)
-Grip Size

-1
- Selection Modes

'P Noun/verb selection


Use Shift to add to selection
" Press and drag
P Implied windowing
f

P Object grouping
" Associative Hatch

grips within blocks


|7 Enable grip tips

.... .

selection limit for display of grips

Cancel

Help

. 15.2. Options Selection


. ' ; ' "

'

'

'


.
1. , .
(
).
2.
. . , . , <Shift>.
3. ,
STRETCH (), MOVE (), ROTATE (),
SCALE () MIRROR ().
STRETCH ().
4. , <Esc>
.

286

15

15.2.

, .
STRETCH ():
, .
1. , .
.
2. . ,
,
STRETCH ().
3. ,
(. 15.3).

. 15.3.

STRETCH ():

, .
1. , .
.
2.
. , , STRETCH ().

287

3. <Enter>.
4. <Esc> .

^
.

AutoCAD 2004 .
, .

. 15.4.

STRETCH ():


, .
1. , .
.
2.
. , , STRETCH (), ,
3. Base point ( ),
<Enter>, , .
4. ,
, < Enter >
, .
5. <Esc> .

15

288

MOVE ():

, .
1. .
.
2. . ,
,
STRETCH ().
3. . ,
MOVE ().
4.
.
(. 15.5).

Intersection
. 15.5. ,

ROTATE ():
, :
1. .
.
2. . ,
, STRETCH ().
3.
Rotate ().
4. <Enter>
(. 15.6). , , .

289

. 15.6. ,

SCALE ():

, (. 15.7).
1. .
.
2. . ,
, STRETCH ().
.
3.
Scale ().
4.
. 1 , 0 1 .
<Enter>.

. 15.7.

290

15

MIRROR ():

, , , .
1. .
.
2. . ,
, STRETCH ().
3.
Mirror ().
4. . , , , (. 15.8).

. 15.8.

COPY ():

,
(. 15.9).
1. .
.
2. . ,
, STRETCH ().
3.
Move () Rotate ().

291

. 15.9.
MOVE

4. (). , MOVE
() ROTATE (), ,
.
5. MOVE (). <Shift> ,
.
ROTATE ()
, .

16

, ,
, ,
. , .

16.1.

. . , . 30, 90 150
(. 16.1). , , .

. 16.1.

16

294

, Drafting
Settings ( ).
; ,,
SNAPSTYL:

SNAPSTYL 1 ,
.
1. Tools () Drafting
Settings ( ). Drafting Settings
( ) (. 16.2).
2. Snap type & style ( )
Grid snap ( ) Isometric snap (). 1,
3. Drafting
Settings ( ).
[( Spttinns

Snap and Grid | Polar Tracking) Object Snap j

Snap

On

-Snap
;:..:

i(F9)

Snap X spacing:

:: : -Snap V spacing:

. .
j Angle:

Grid

~|

On
"Grid

'-..

f;

Grid X spacing:

J17V32050SQ
J10

Grid Y spacing:

J10

j Snap type & style

' ...;",; ..'/.. !


' ' '"'.-'.

^^^^^^
JO

Xbase:

JO

j Ybase:

|0

(* Grid snap

-'- Pelardistettee:

(* Rectangular snap
(* Isometric snap

r Polar, spacing "

Options...

(FT)

" I
i

f~ PolarSnap

; vj
OK

Cancel

Help

. 16.2.

295

ISOPLANE ():

:
<F5>;
<Ctrl> +<E>;
ISOPLANE ().

ISOPLANE (), .

1. ISOPLANE ()
<Enter>.
Enter isometric plane setting [Left/Top/Right] <Top>:
( [//] <>:)
2. <Enter>. .
Left () ,
, 150 90 X. SNAP (), < | > < | >
90, <-> <-> 150.
() ,
, 30 150 X. SNAP (), < t > < i >
30, <*-> <-*>
150.
Right () , , 90 30 X. SNAP (), <t>H < | >
90, <-> <-> 150.
(. 16.3).

. 16.3.

16

296

16.2.

, 30. , ,
ELLIPSE (), Isocircle ().
, .

, . 14.12.
1. , A3.dwt
(. . 5.15) A4.dwt
(. . 7.1.3). , SNAPSTYL 1. ,
(. 16.4).
Izo_plan.dwg.

^--' '

IT

:i

. 16.4. ,

2. 30 (.- . 14.3.2).
3. Coiitur, .
, . 14.12, -

297

(. 16.5) (; . 3.2.1),
LINE ().

. 16.5.

4. Axis (. 16.6), .

i
. 16.6.

5. Contur
20, 27 8.5.
COPY ()

298

16

(. . 6.1.1).
ELLIPSE () Isocircle () .
ELLIPSE ():

, .
1. Draw () Ellipse
(), Axis, End (, ).
2. Isocircle () <Enter>.
3.
<Enter> Intersection () .
4.
Diameter (), , , <Enter>.
,
. 16.7.

. 16.7.

6. TRIM
() (. . 5.5.3), COPY () (. . 6.1.1)
LINE (). (. 16.8), . . .
7. , (. 16.9),
Axis .
.

299

. 16.8.

. 16.9.

16.3.

, .
1. 30
30
(. . 9.1).
2. , , (. . 10.1).
3. DIMALIGNED () (. . . 1.1)
, (. 16.10). .

16

300

. 16.10.

. 16.11.
4. Oblique () DIMEDIT ()
(. . 11.3.2) 30, 30 (. 16.11).

17

, , ,
. ,
, ,
.

17.1.
, . ,
, .
:
;
, ;
.
;
.
:
,
;
,
;
, . .
, , ,
.

17

302

17.1.1.
:
BLOCK ()
;
WBLOCK ()
,
.
.

BLOCK ():

).
, . , .
1. Draw ()
Block (), Make (), Make Block ( ) Draw (). Block
Definition ( ) (. 17.1).

[\

IffTJBIock Definition
:'. Na,me:

lOkno

~Base point"

jj

1 ("Objects ~ .:

0^ Pick point
X:

j^SelecJ objects

^j |

| ! Reta n

JO

, j 1 E"^ ert to block


|1 f nu e
.;

Y: )o

ibjects selected
J

'1^

t
icon
Preview

Do not include an icon

- ^** Create jcon from block geometry


Drag-and-drop units:
: (Millimeters

-T-l" .

Description:
14, t ^ 4

Hyperfnk... j
OK

Cancel

ilelp

. 17.1.

303

2. Name () Block Definition ( )


.
3. Base point ( ) Pick
point (). . .
, . Block Definition ( ). X, Y Z
.
4. Objects () :
Retain () ;

Convert to block ( )
;

Delete ()
.

Select Objects ( ).
,
.
<Enter>. Block Definition
( ).
5. Description () , DESIGNCENTER.
6. Create icon from block geometry ( ),
Preview () DESIGNCENTER.
7. Block
Definition ( )
.
BLOCK ():
BLOCK ()
.
,
, , .
, , , ^
.
, .
1. Draw ()
Block (), Make (),

304

17

Make Block ( ) Draw (). Block Definition


( ) (. . 17.1).
2. Name () Block Definition ( )
, .
3. , Block Definition
( ). , (. 17.2).

. 17.2.

4. Yes () . .
WBLOCK ():

WBLOCK () ,
.
, .
1. WBLOCK ()
<Enter>. Write Block (
) (. 17.3).
2. Write Block ( ) Source ( ) Objects (),
Objects () Convert to block (
).
3. Select objects ( ). ,
.
<Enter>. Write Block
( ).

305


iwrteBlock
Source

Block:

Entire drawing
f*" Objects
Objects"
] Select objects
;^
( Convert to block

I f* Delete from drawing


selected

Destination ~~''?'. '''*,


File name and path:
!JF:\Acad2005View block.dwg
Insert units:

(Millimeters

OK-.

Cancel

Help

. 17.3.

4. Base point ( ) , Pick point (),


. ,
X, Y, Z.
5. Destination () , ,
, .
6. . .

17.1.2.
, ,
.
DESIGNCENTER.

17

306

INSERT ():
, , .
1. Insert ()
Block () Insert Block () Draw ().
Insert ( ) (. 17.4).
allnsert
Name:; joknol

- |

Browse.^.

Path:
I nsertion point
;
* Specify On-screen

1 S cale
" Specify On-screen

~ Rotation
:
I Specify On-screen
Angle:

jg

~ jjniform Scale
1

Explode

OK

Cancel

Help

. 17.4.

2. Insert ( ) Name ().


3. Specify On-screen ( ) Insertion point ( ), . Scale () Rotation ( ).
- , , .
4. Explode (), .
5. Insert
i ( ).
6. .

307

,
. Browse ().
(. 17.5) Select Drawing File ( ) . .
Select Drawing File
Lookjn: JQTUTORl

COMPUTER
-DWG
HFIKEOOO
FLR_PL~1
KEYSTR~1
LEVEL4~1
LEVEL-~1
LEVEL-~2
LEVEL-~3
OFFICE
OFFICEl

File jiame:
Fifes of type:

ID rawing (". dwg)

. 17.5.

MINSERT ():

X Y. INSERT () ARRAY (), . . ,
,
EXPLODE ().
MINSERT () , . . .
1. MINSERT () <Enter>.
Enter block name or [?] <office>:
( [?] <office>:)

308

17

2. <Enter> , .
"~" <Enter>,
Select Drawing File ( ) (. . 17.5),
.
Specify insertion point or [ScaleA/Y/Z/Rotate/PScale/PX/PY/PZ/PRotate]:
( [/////////
]:)
. , (), , .
.
:
Scale () X, Y Z. Z ;
X,Y,Z ;
Rotate ()
;
PScale () X, Y Z ;
()
X . PY ()
PZ (HZ);
PRotate ()
.
3.
<Enter>.
4.
X Y, , ,
<Enter> .
5. ,
<Enter>.
ADCENTER ():

DESIGNCENTER (. . 7.1.2), .
1. Tools () DesignCenter
( ). DESIGNCENTER (. . 7.8).

309

2. - .
, (. 17.6).

Folder? | Open Drawings] History] DC Online]

^^^T; J ^ r .

8th floor lighting.!


8th floor plan.dvjg
8th floor plumbing.
8th floor power.dwt;
US 8th floor, dwg
colorwKdwg

|f^ Dimstyles
"5S Layers
-1 Layouts
- Linetypes
Tablestyles
Textstyles
i....jg Xrefs

lil.lBS Mo>ol Mnrlel |10

c^^^t
l-l'^^wl

Dimstyles

Layers

Layouts

Linetypes

Tablestyles

Textstyles

Xrefs

Prograrn FilesSAutoCAD 2005\Sample\db_samp.dwg (8 Item(s))


. 17.6.

3.
Blocks () ,
. , .
4. Insert ( )
,
, , .
5. Insert ( ) (. . 17.4)
Scale () Rotation ( ). Specify on screen ( )
. , Explode ().
6.
Insert ( ) .

310

17



, , :
,
, ;
, ;
, .
, . 17.1.
17.1.

, ByBlock
( ) ByLayer
( )

, 0

ByLayer ( )

ByBlock ( )

17.2.

. , .
, , ,
. .
, , ,
. ,
, .
.
ATTDEF ():
, .
1. Draw () Block
(), Define Atribute ( ). Attribute Definition ( ) (. 17.7).

311

Mode
I T~ Invisible
| " Constant
| Aerify

I? freset

>|~lnsertion Point~

Text Options-

] .F? Specify Qn-screen

Justification:
Text Style:
Height <
t

Rotation <
1

" beii..- Rev

OK

Cancel

. 17.7.

2. Attribute () Attribute Definition ( ) ,


256 :
Tag () , , . , AutoCAD
;
Prompt () ,
, . , ;

Value () , .

3. Mode () , , :

Invisible () ;

Constant () ;

Verify () ;
Preset ()
.

17

312

4. Insertion Point ( )
, Pick Point (),
.
5. , , Text Options ( ).
6. Align below previous attribute definition (
)
. , .
7. .
, .
, Prompt (),
.
, .
Properties () , .
DDEDIT ():

, .
1. Modify ()
Object (), Text
(), Edit ()
Edit Text ( ) Text
().
2. .
Attribute Difinition ( ) (. 17.8).
feedit Attribute Definition
Tag:

Edit

~]

' . |

Prompt:

Default:

..

'.'''' "

'

OK

. - . . .Cancel
- i
.

"

r
Help

iI
' '' '.

. 17.8.

313

3. Edit Attribute Difinition ( ) Tag (),


Prompt () Default ().
4. .
BATTMAN ():

, .

1. . Modify ()
Object (), Attribute (),
Block Attribute Manager ( ). Block Attribute Manager ( ) (. 17.9).
fal Block Attribute Manager
RI Select bjock

Block: BL11

Tag
...

Found in dtawing: 1
Settings...

Default
.

Modes !

Found in model space: 1

OK

Cancel

Help.

. 17.9.

2. Block ()
Select block ( )
.
3.
Edit ().
Edit Attribute ( ).
4. Edit Attribute ( ) (. 17.10)

.
11 . 537

17

314
Ra Edit Attribute
Active Block: BL11
Attribute J Text Options | Properties)
("Mode

-J

--] Data"

! " Invisible
j " Constant
! Verify
?

Preset

Jag: JAT1
Prompt [
.:
'
,
Sefault: ( ..

&uto preview changes

. 17.10.

():

,
, ,
ASCII, Microsoft Excel Access, . .
, .
1. Tools () Attribute
Extraction ( ). Attribute Extraction ( ) (. 17.11).
2. Select Drawing ( ) :

Select Objects ( ) ;

Current Drawing ( )
;

Select Drawings ( )
.

Next ().
3. Settings () :

Include Xrefs ( ),
, ;

315


1 Attribute Extraction - Select Drawing
Rowings

~~

Extract information (torn all


blocks in current drawing.

|;
j

^Select Objects

.'(* Current Drawing


Select Drawings

drawing Files
Name
1 Size
C:\Temp\Drawing... 22064

j Modified
|
14.05.200422:1...

>
.... ..-..

1
_,,

. 17.11.

Include nested blocks ( ), , .


Next ().
4. Use Template ( ) :

No template ( ), ;

Use template ( ), ( blk).


Next ().
5. Select Attributes ( ) Blocks ()
, . Attribute for
block ( ) . Next ().
6. View Output ( )
. Next
().
7. Save Template ( )
Save Template ( ),
.
Next ().

17

316

Select Dowing
Settings
Use Template
Select Attributes
View Output
Save Template

CSV (Commadelimited)(xcsv)

Export
Tab Delimited File .]
Microsoft Excel f.xlsl

<

. 17.12.

Export () File Name ( )


File Type ( ) . Finish
()
(. 17.12)..

18


, , , ,
. , , ,
, .

18.1.
, ,
.
. .
:
Insert () External
Reference ( );
External Reference ( ) Insert ();
Insert () Xref
Manager ( );
AutoCAD DESIGNCENTER.
():

. .
, , .

318

18

, .
, ,
, , .
, ,
.
.
1. Insert () . External
Reference ( ). Select Reference
File ( ) (. 18.1).
[ Select Reference File
if. ^

Look in: j f^ Sample

fe?
i

: ":..

Views Tools

~Pteview*"^'~~~* ~-^~^-i

ActiveX
Database Connectivity
QDesignCenter

CJVBA
QVisualLISP

143 K_
259

1 8th floor furniture


8th floor hvac
U 8th floor lighting
8th floor plan
8th floor plumbing
I 8th floor power
Dcotumh
13db_samp
ftP^U~l.~l Mn~UI

File rjame:

Files of type:

403
236
237
116
215
1713
189 |

8th floor

f* j
1 IAnJ

- -

"3

fl

|Diawing(".dwg)

Cancel

. 18.1.

2. Select Reference File ( )



Open (). External Reference (
) (. 18.2).
3. Reference Type ( ) External Reference ( ) Attachment ()
Overlay ().

319

External Reference

Hame;.

'fi'owse...

Found in:
Saved path:

CAProgtam FilesVAuloCAD 2004\Sarnple\8th floor.dwg


C:\ProgiamFiles\AutoCAD2004\Sample\8thfloor.dwg

pReferehceType[ ( Attachment
r Insertion point~~^-
17 Specify On-scteen

o.oo

flve'rlay

j Full path

-, |-Scale-;
P Specify On-screen

" Rotation ............. ":


l~ Specify On-scteen

.00

1.00

2 juio
Uniform Scale
OK

Cancel

Help

. 18.2.

4. Insertion point ( ) Specify


On-screen ( ),
.
5.
, Specify On-screen ( ).
6. .
.
DESIGNCENTER

(. . 14.12), , (. . 16.11).
,
. DESIGNCENTER ,
, ,
.
1. DESIGNCENTER,
<Ctrl>+<2>- .
2. ( ) . (

18

320

) ,
(. 18.3).
^:.f4H ' "f> .

.. 1

Folders |_0gen Drawings | History |_ DC Online]

ist
I

'

- : ;!

Fonts

w.

5 HelP
2) Plot Styles
Q Plotters
Sample
t2l ActiveX
- ^ Database Connect
" DesignCenter
GJ Sheet Sets
[+] Q VisualLISP ,
- 8th floor furniture.d''
8th floor hvac.dwg
- 8th floor lighting.dw
8th floor plan, dwg
it

(ActiveX
Database Connectivity
DesignCenter
! Sheet Sets
|VBA
iVisualLISP
'8th floor furniture, dwg
8th floor hvac. dwg
8th floor lighting, dwg
'8th floor plan, dwg
8(h floor plumbing, dwg
18th floor power, dwg
8th floor.dwg
colorwh.dwg
db_samp.dwg

Li
l
ICAProgram Files\AutoCAD
. 18.3. AutoCAD ,

3.
. , .
4. Attach as Xref (
) (. 18.4). External Reference ( ) (. . 18.2).
5. Specify On-Screen ( ) Insertion point ( ),
Scale () Rotation ( ). Retain Path ( )
.
6. Reference Type ( )
Attachment () Overlay ().
, . .
7. .
. ,
,

321

, , ,
(0,0).

Folders [open Drawings | History] DC Online]


^ActiveX
D atabase Connectivity
esignCenter
Sheet Sets

Folder List
Fonts

_3
-1 HelP
!-3| Plot Styles
i Q Plotters

&-&

i
i
i
i
l
;
i
:
;
i

ffl-Qi ActiveX
Ej-ic1> Database Connect
"1 DesignCenter
"3 Sneet Sets
- VBA
-Q VisualLISP
- 8th floor furniture.d1
-$ ^tn "01 hvac.dwg
^ 8th floor lighting, d
- 8th floor plan, dwg

i.

.1 Pth flnor nil imhino

>

C:\ProgfamFiles\AutoGAD 2005SS

8th floor hva(


8th floor lighti
8th floor plan
8th floor plurr \
8th floor pow I
8th floor.dwg V
colorwh.dwg
db_samp.dwij

tem(s)}

Explore
Add to Favorites
Organize Favorites...
Attach as Xref...
Copy
Open in Application Window
Insert as Block.,,

Create Tool Palette


Set as Home

. 18.4.

18.2.



(. . 18.5).
, , .
,
, .
REFEDIT ():


:
. , .
-.
, ;

18

322

,
. , ;
, . ,

.
,
.

. 18.5.


:
1. Modify () In-place
Xref and Block Edit ( ), Edit Reference ( ).

2. , .

Reference Edit ( ) (. 18.6).


.

3. Reference Edit ( )
, , :

Automatically select all nested objects (


);

Prompt to select nested objects ( ).

323


Ifff] Reference Edit

fS3 I

Ic entify Reference I Settings!


Reference name:

r Preview

jj

Path:

FAKNG4.NEW\GLAVA|'6\RIS16i10.DWG

f* Automatically select all nested objects


<"* Erampt to select nested objects

OK ;:. |

^
Cancel

Help

. 18.6.

. 18.7.

324

18

4. Reference Edit ( ). ,
Select nested objects:
( :)
5. , , <Enter>. , .
, ,
(. 18.7).
6. , . (. 18.8).

. 18.8.
7. Modify
() In-place Xref and Block Edit ( ), Save Reference
Edits ( ).
8. (. 18.9)
, . (. 18.10).
, -
, (. 18.11).

325

All references edits will be saved.


- To save reference changes, click OK.
- To cancel the command, click Cancel.

OK

. 18.9.

. 18.10.

. 18.11.

326

18

18.3.
AutoCAD , ,
, , , , ( ) ,
.
, XREF ().
XREF ():
, .
1. Insert () Xref
Manager ( ). Xref Manager
( ) (. 18.12).
Iff) Xref Manager

Reference Name I Status


V Loade...

Size I Type j Date


| Saved Path
15KB Attach
15.05.20... FAKNG4_NE\*;

Attach...
Detach
Reload
Unload

EM...
Open
-Xref Found A(Brawse... j

FAK.NG4 NEW\GLAVA16\RIS16 10.DWG

OK

Save Path J

Cancel

Help

. 18.12.

, .
, , <F3> <F4>.

327

, :

Reference Name () ,
;

Status ()
(, );

Size () ;
() : ;
Date ()
;

Saved Path ( )
.

2. ,
, .
Attach () .
External Reference ( ) (. . 18.2). ,
().
Detach () ( ) .
.
Reload ()
.
Unload ()
.
Bind () . Bind ( ) (. 18.13),

:
Bind () ,
, , < >$$< >;
Insert () .
3.
Xref Found At ( ).

18

328
al Bind Xrefs
Bind Type"
| ff Bind

Cancel

| f Insert

. 18.13.

,
. ,
. .
Browse () Select New
Path ( ),
, .
Save path ( )
, Xref
Found At ( )
.

19


'

, .

.

19.1.
,
.

? ,
, .
, , ?
, ?
, ,
. ,
AutoCAD , , , Word.

, . , 4 1:1? ,
.
. ,
1 2 3 . 537

330

19

. , , . , ,
, . , ,
, , , . , . .

19.2.
:
Windows.
Windows, AutoCAD , ,
, . , Printers (),
Windows;
,
. AutoCAD ,
, .
.
, , , .
, , , , .
.
, ,
, .
?
,
. ,
Windows, , Windows 98. - ,
, .

, , AutoCAD, , ' ,
. . .

331

PLOTTERMANAGER ():

, .
1. File () Plotter Manager
( ). ,
(. 19.1).
Iftf C:\Documents and Settings\POG,Application Data\Autodesk\AutoCAD 2005\R16.1\enu\P..

' ":

f \ j..J

| XTRANS
Add-A-Plotter Wizard
Shortcut
1KB

Files
Default Windows System Printer
AutoCAD Plotter Configuratto,.,
2KB

DWF6 ePIot
AutoCAD Plotter Configuratio,
5

PublishToWeb JPG
AutoCAD Plotter Configuratio...
1

PublishToWeb PNG
AutoCAD Plotter Configuratio,
1KB

. 19.1.

2. Add-A-Plotter Wizard ( ) .
3. . ,
.
,
, .

19

332

19.3.

. ,
, .
,
,
File | Plot Style Manager ( | ).
(. 19.2).

'

acad
AutoCAD Color-dependent Plo..
5

acad
AutoCAD Plot Style Table rile

Add-A-Plot Style Wizard


Shortcut
1

Autodesk-Color
AutoCAD Plot Style Table Ffe
1

Autodesk-MONO
AutoCAD Plot Style Tabie Fife
1

DWF Virtual Pens


AutoCAD Color-dependent Flo,,
6 KB

Fill Patterns
AutoCAD Color-dependent Plo.

Grayscale
AutoCAD Color-dependent Plo,.
5KB

5
I monochrome
AutoCAD Color-dependent Plo,.
!
SKE

monochrome
AutoCAD Plot Stvle Table File
1 K6

. 19.2.
.
.
,
.
. 256, . , ctb.

333

, , ,
.
, sib,
:
;
;
;
.
,
,
, AutoCAD
, .

19.3.1.

,
. , . , , .
1. Tools () Options
(). Options ().
2. Options () Plot and
Publish (/) Plot Style Table
Settings ( ).
, (. 19.3).
3. Default plot style behavior for new drawings (
) (. . 19.3) :
Use color dependent plot style ( );
Use named plot styles ( ).
4. Default plot style table settings (
) . -
, AutoCAD
monochrome.ctb monochrome.stb
.

19

334

RlPlot Style Table Settings


;:> Default plot style behavior for new drawings"
& Use color dependent plot styles
f* Use named plot styles

__

r Current plot style table settings ~ -

_j ;

Default plot style table:

I '; s

{monochrome, ctb
Default plot style for layer 0:

ps

^f

Default plot style for objects:

;** ;-

-j

1 ..

Add or Edit Plot Style Tables...

Cancel

. Help^J .;

. 19.3.

5. , ,
Plot Style
Table Settings ( ) Options ().
CONVERTPSTYLES () CONVERTCTB
(), .
CONVERTCTB ():
()
(STB)
CONVERTCTB () ,
, .
.

, .
1. CONVERTCTB ()
<Enter>. Select File (
) (. 19.4).

335


mfjSelect File
Lookjn:

O.

J Plot Styles
. . ' '

-V

Hj^acad

(jgDWF Virtual Pens


IjgFill Patterns
O&ayscale
U3 monochrome

Views * Took

}

5 AutoCAD Color-dep.. 09.03.19993:17

6 AutoCAD Color-dep..
5 AutoCAD Color-dep..
5 AutoCAD Color-dep..

11.09.2001 15:0<
09.03.19993:16

AutoCAD Color-dep..

09.03.19993:16
:
09.03. 19993: 15

(JiMyStplot

AutoCAD Color-dep..

04.06.200t 16:2;

EgScreening 25%

AutoCAD Color-dep...

09.03,19993:14^

0 Screening 50%

09.03,19993:14:

5 Screening 75%

AutoCAD Color-dep..
AutoCAD Color-dep...

^Screening 100%

AutoCAD Color-dep..

09.03.19993:13
09.03.19993:14

<i

I
Open

Ftfe name:

2J
^

Cancel

Files of iype: | Color-dependent plot style tables (".do)

. 19.4.
RfjOeate File

It! . X

Save in: JQ Plot Styles

[ Autodesk-Color
IgAutodesk-MONO

[gpmonochrome

File name:

JMyStplot.stb

Files of type:

| 1 Table Files (".stb)

5>

I
1KB AutoCAD Plot Style...
1 AutoCAD Plot Style ...
1KB AutoCAD Plot Style...
1 AutoCAD Plot Style ...

09.03.19993:16
21.11.2002 8:17
21.11.20029:22
09.03.1999 3:15 ;

>[

gave

~*]

Cancel

. 19.5.

19

336

2. ,
(. . 19.4),
Open () .
3. Create File ( ) (. 19.5),
.
, .
4. Save () . (. 19.6), ,
.

Mystplot.stb was successfully created. The plot styles are named


Style 1, Style 2, etc. To modify the names of the plot styles, use the
Plot Style Table Editor, available in the Autodesk Plot Style Manager.
To rename plot styles, you must do so before attaching them to layouts.
Otherwise, the plot style name in the table will not match the plot style
names attached to objects in your drawings.

OK

. 19.6.

. ,
; , ; , , NORMAL
().
CONVERTPSTYLES
().
CONVERTPSTYLES ():

, .
1. CONVERTPSTYLES ()
<Enter>. ,

337

(, 19.7). ,
CONVERTCTB ().

This command converts a.Color Dependent plot style


drawing to use Named plot styles.
You should convert your color dependent plot style
tables (.CTB files) to Named plot style tables (.STB file)
with CONVERTCTB before you convert your drawing.

OK

. 19.7.

2. .
3. Select File ( ) (. 19.8)

,
Open ().
Hsetect File
Look in:.: Q Plot Styles

"Tj

*
gpacad

3P Auto desk-color
gSAutodesk-MONO
monochrome

,. Vt I X &

Views

- Tools

AutoCAD Plot Style...


AutoCAD Plot Style...
AutoCAD Plot Style ...
AutoCAD Plot Style ...

09.03.19993:16
21.11.20028:17
21.11.2002 9:22
09.03.1999 3:15

2 AutoCAD Plot Style...

04.06.200416:2!

- I
1KB
1KB
1
1

lL
Filename:

jMyStplot

Files ottype: j Style able Files (x.stb]

Cancel

. 19.8.

19

338

19.3.2.


ctb . AutoCAD. ,
monochrome.ctb.
,
, ,
, ,
ByColor ( -) (. 19.9). Plot style
( ) (. . 7.1).
AutoCAD ZOOS - [Orawingl.dwg]
I file

Edit

View

Insert

Format

Tools

Draw

ByLayer

Dimension

JLjif

Modify

Window

Help

ByLayer

. 19.9.

fracurrent Plot Style
Current plot style: ByLayer
I Normal

[ ByBlock

Cancel
Help

Active plot style table:


None
Autodesk-Color, stb
Autodesk-MONO.stb
monochrome, stb

. 19.10.

339

, . ,
. ,
, .
Current Plot Style ( ),

(. 19.10). , Select Plot Style (
) .

19.3.3.
AutoCAD . ,
.
1. Tools () Wizard
(), Add Plot Style Table ( ). .
2. Next ()
. Begin () (. 19.11).
Add Plot Style Table - Begin
Begin

'< Start from scratch


Create a new plot style table from scratch.

able Type
Browse File'

(":. Use an existing plot style table

Filename

Create anew plot style table based on an existing plot style


table.

Finish

Use My R14 Plotter Configuration (CFG)


Import the pen table properties from a H14 CFG file.
:

UseaPCPorPC2file,
Import the pen table properties from an existing PCP or PC2
file.

>

. 19.11. Begin

19

340
Add Plot Style Table - Pick Plot Style Table
Begin
Table Type

To name the style properties, select NamedPlot Style Table. To


create a plot style table that references each object's AutoCAD
2005 color, select Color-Dependent Plot Style Table.

' .fcfO'A'SC H'S

Filename
Finish
( Color-Dependent Plot Style Table
255 plot styles will be created. The information will be saved in a
plot style table (CTB) file.

Named Plot Style Table


A plot style table will be created that contains one plot style named
Normal. New plot styles can be added in the Plot Style Table
Editor.

< ;

>

. 19.12.

Add Plot Style Table - File name


Begin
Table Type

; Enter a file name for the new plot style table you are creating. To
identify this as a plot style table file, a CTB extension will be
appended

Filename
Finish
File name:
JMyStyle

<

>

. 19.13.

341

3. Start from scratch ( ),


. ,
.
4. Next ()
. Pick Plot Style Table
( ) (. 19.12), , Color-Dependent Plot Style Table (
) Named Plot Style Table (
) .
5. Next ()
. , ,
, . File name ( ) (. 19.13),
.
6. Next ()
Finish () (. 19.14).
Add Plot Style Table - Finish
Begin
,

able type
R-'/^ M ^

A plot style table named MyStyle.ctb has been created Plot style
information contained in the new table can be used to control the
display of objects in plotted layouts or viewports

File name
:> Finish
Plot Style Table Editor...
To modify the plot style properties in the new Plot Style Table,
choose Plot Style able E ditot.

<

. 19.14.
7. Finish ()
Plot Style Table Editor ( )

342

19

'
. ,
.
(. 19.15) (. 19.16) ,
.
IHfPlot Style Table Editor - MyStyle.ctb
General | Table View FormView I
Plot styles:,

Color 3
Color 4
Color 5
Color 6
Color 7
Color 8
Color
Color 10
Color 1 1
Color 12
Color 13
Color 14
Color 15

I Properties

j4J j
Color: J Use object color

2ither:

J 0n

^J |,

grayscale:

jgff

, j {

Pen:

(Automatic

-jj) I

Virfeal pen :

JAutomatic

jJ. j

Screening: JTQO
Linetype: j use object linetype
Adaptive:
JJ . |

Description:

jrj j

jgn

Lineweight: |Use object lineweight


Line snd style; j use object end sMe
J

-,

-J j Line join style: j use object join style


fa style: | Use object fill style

jd !
eSfi'le

_
EditLineweights... j

Save 8, Close

Cancel

,j j
;

jrj
"1 1

ZJ ; .
:. aveAs...

: tielp

. 19.15.

8. Form View () Plot Style Table Editor


( ) Plot styles () (. . 19.15)
, Description ()
. .
Color () , .
Use object

343

'

color ( ). , - .

General Table View form View

Name
Description
Color

U*e object color

Enable dithering

On

Convert to grayscale

Off

Use assigned pen 8

Automatic

Virtual pen it

Automatic

Screening

100

Linotype

Useobjectlinetype

Adaptive adjustment

On

Lineweight

Use object lineweight

Line End Style

Use object end style

Line Join style

Use object join style

Fill Style

Use object fill style

<1
Add Style

EditLjneweights.,

Save & Close

Cancel

Help

. 19.16.

Enable dithering ( ) ,
.
Convert to grayscale ( ) .
Use assigned pen # ( ) , ,
. .

344

19

Virtual pen # ( )
( 1 255) .
Screening ()
, . 0 , 100 . Enable Ditheming ( ).
Linetype ( )
. Use
object linetype ( ).
Adaptive adjustmet ( )
. , .
Lineweight ( ) , .
Use object lineweight ( ).
Line End Style ( )
Butt (), Square (), Round ()
Diamond ().
Line Join Style ( ) Miter (), Bevel (), Round ()
Diamond ().
Fill Style ( ) Use object fill style ( ).
: Solid (),
Checker board (), Crosshatch (), Diamonds (), Horizontal Bars ( ), Slant Left (
), Slant Right ( ), Square Dots ()
Vertical Dots ( ).
9. Save & Close () .
(. . 19.14).
10. Finish () . (. . 19.2).
.

345

19.4.

(. 19.17)
Model (), Layoutl (!) Layout! (2),
LayoutN () (N ).

1 > 1 1 \ odel Layoutl LayouG /

. 19.17.

Model ()
. , .
Layout () . ,
. .
, ,
. ,

. ,
, .
.
.

19.4.1.
,
.
, :
,
;

19

346

,
;
.
, .
1. ,
.
2. , ,
.
3. .
Plot - Model
Page setup -~"~

I Na.me:

"3-

|<None>

Add...,

.f Printer/plotter
I Name:
"]
j Plotter:

Olivetti JP1 SOWS-Windows System Driver-by Autodesk

Where:

_j,

LPT1;

Description;
Plot to file

Paper size

"Number of copies

|A4

Plot area

7 Plot ate

Whet to plot:

(~ F[t to paper

:|Limits
'.''":'"''

'
s_J

^_-_.

^_

Plot offset (origin set to printable area)"


F Center the plot
-10

Preview.,.

Apply to Layout

OK

Cancel

. 19.18.

_ 347

4. File () Plot
() Plot () . Plot - Model ( ) (. 19.18).
5. Plot - Model ( - )
:
Printer/plotter (/) Name ().

Paper size ( )
, .

Plot area ( ) ,
.

Plot scale ( )
Scale ()
Custom ().
4
, Fit to paper ( ).

Number
of copies ( ).

6.
Plot - Model ( - )
. (. 19.19).

Plot style table ( )


monochrome.ctb , . .

Shaded viewplot options ( )


Shade plot ( )
.

AutoCAD 2005
, ,
.
Plot options ( ) Plot in
background ( ). .
Drawing orientation ( ) .

19

348

IdfJPIot - Model
pPage setup
J Name:

' r plot style table (pen assignments) ~


<None>

Add,;..

. Printer/plotter
\& Olivetti JP 1 50 WS

(plotter:

Olivetti ISO WS- Windows System Driver -by Autodesk

_j

Properties.,
_j

Pltt

MM

|;_

Paper si^e

d !
-

- -

mm

T~ Center the plot

'

P" Plot in background

i ! 4.9|(
;

Scale: fTTT

rPlot offset (origin set to printable area)

; ; [ W ; - - - : ' vr-jvs

; Fit to paper
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. 19.19.

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350

. 19.21.

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352

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. 19.26.

353

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Plot.,.
. 19.28.

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356


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. 20.1. -

357

SSM () Sheet List control ( ) , .


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JMechanica . jrj

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- 04 - Base F

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. 20.2.

20

358


SHEET SET MANAGER ( ), .
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Tools () Sheet Set Manager
. ( ) ( ).
SHEETSETHIDE ().
<Ctrl>+<4>.
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359


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i Mechanical Unit
bii 00-Title
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. 20.5.

20

360

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!
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File Name: Floating Ball.dwg
Location: C:\Program Files
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. 2.6. View List


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. , , . , ,
.

361

(Mechanical Unit

: gg C:\Program Files\AutoCAD 2005\( i


i ffl- Top Plate.dwg
! I- Title,dwg
1 Middle Roller.dwg

i B- Base Plate.dwg
I - ' Groups

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:

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Plate

Floating Ball.dwg
S Add New Location...

; In File; Base Plate.dwg

. 20.7. Resourse Drawings

20.2.
,
, , .

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362

20

, .
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. 20.8.

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363

> Begin
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Choose Layouts
f*" An example sheet jet

Confirm

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This option lets you specify one or more folders that contain diawing
files. The layouts from these drawings can be imported into the
sheet set automatically.

What is a sheet set?

>

. 20.9.
Create Sheet Set - Sheet Set Details
Begin
> Sheet Set Details

Name of new sheet set:


[MySheelSet

Choose Layouts
Description (optional):
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AutoCAD

$>tote sheet set data file (.dst) here:

Note: The sheet set data file should be stored in a location that can be.
accessed by all contributors to the sheet set.

Sheet Set roperties

<

. 20.10.

>

364

20
Sheet Set Properties - MySheetSet

Name

MySheetSet

Sheet set dat...:F:\Acad2005\ApxHBbi\MySheetSel.dst (vl.O)


Description

! ...

Resource dra... F:\ACAD2000\SOLIDSDWGV3D


| Label block f...'(F:VACADgOOSVrUTORI \COMPUTER.DWQ)
: Calloutblocks ;(F:\ACAD2b02\TUfOR1 \CHAIR.DWG)
: Page setup o...iF:\ACAD2000\SOLID\DWG\A3.DWT

' Sheet creatio...;DIN A4 Title Block(CADocuments and Settings\POG \Local Setti...


\ Prompt forte... ;Yes

The path and name of the folder where sheets are created

dit Custom Properties...

. 20.11.

Resourse drawing locator(s) ( ) , ;


Label block for views ( ) , ;

Callout blocks ( ) , ;

Page setup overrides file ( ) dwt,


.
:

Sheet storage locations ( ) , ;

Sheet creation template ( ) dwg dwt, ;

365

Begin

Select foldeis containing drawings. Layouts in the


drawings can be added to the sheet set.

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Import Options...

^ Choose Layouts
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>* LOGICAL2 (F:)

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:
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.'. '-

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366

20

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"

[ MySheetSet
ij| 1 - BESEDKA2 - Layout 1
-fjj 2 - BESEDKA3 - Layoutl
- 3 - BESEDKA4 - Layoutl
4 -FLANEC3 -Layoutl
- 7 - KrishkaS - Layoutl
|| 10-SOLID-'

i Status: Accessible
! Sheet: 10 - SOLID -

. 20.13.

10. Apply (),


, . SHEET SET MANAGER ( ) (. 20.13).
NEWSHEETSET ():

, .
, .
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New Sheet Set ( ) (. . 20.8).

Begin

367

(* Select a sheet set to use as en example

^ Sheet Set Example


Sheet Set Details

Architectural Imperial Sheet Set


Architectural Metric Sheet Set
Civil Imperial Sheet Set
Civil Metric Sheet Set
Manufacturing Imperial Sheet Set

Confirm

" Browse to another sheet set to use as an example

Title: Manufacturing Metric Sheet Set


Description: Use the Manufacturing Metric Sheet Set to create a new sheet
set with a default sheet size of 237 x 420 mm.

. 20.14.
Create Sheet Set - Sheet Set Details
Begin

Name of new sheet set:

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> Sheet Set Details
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d
Store sheet set dale He (.dsl) here:
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. 20.15. ,
,

368

20

3. Create Sheet Set - Begin ( - ) (. . 20.9) An example sheet set (


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369

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.
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Insert Sheet List Table...


Properties...

. 20.16.

20

370

2. New Sheet ( )
(. 20.17).
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.
SlNew Sheet

Sheet title:

'Number:

01

[]

File name:
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Sheet template:

101
|F:\Acad20D5\ApXMBbi
I DIN A3 Title BlockfC: \Documents and Settings\POG\Local Settings\Applicatio

OK

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Help

. 20.17.

10 , . . 1 01. , 99, 001. , , AutoCAD ,


, 10 1.
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.
4. ,
AutoCAD,
Sheet List Table ( ). Insert Sheet List Table
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Table Style ( ) , Table Style name ( ). Title Text ( ).
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Column Settings ( ) . , ,

371

Insert Sheet List Table

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r Table Style Settings


: . : Table Style name:
Standard

5
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Data
Dato,
Data
Data
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. 20.18.
Iltallnsert Sheet List Table
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Drawing Revision Number
inn Tntfll FHitinn TimR .

. 20.19.

u;

Help

'

20

372

, Add (),
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] 01 -
> DEtali

2 2004 , 0:3665 -01:

2 2004 . 0:38*29 -02


Vtulko.
03
2 2004 , 0>38'32 -Plttnka
04

2 004 , Oi38>t

-ilp Sborka
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"| Work
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. 20.20. ,

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ARCHIVE ():

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373

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; 13 F? 01
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.

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2. Archive a Sheet Set ( )


, .
Enter notes to include with this archive ( ).
<
3. Modify Archive
Setup ( )
(. 20.22)
,
.

20

374
Modify Archive Setup
Current sheet set LabRab
Archive type and location"
Archive package type:

; File Format:
I Keep existing drawing file formats
Archive file folder:
|F:SAcad2005\ApHBbi

.:;}

Archive file name: : :.


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j f~ Place all files in one folder
j (~ Keep files and folders as is
i " Include fonts
Ij Set default plotter to'none'
] I Prompt for password
| ! Include sheet set data and files

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. 20.22.

. 20.23. Specify Zip File

375

4. Modify Archive
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5. Save (),
.
.

ADCENTER () 308
ARC () 227
ARCHIVE () 372
AREA () 274
ARRAY () 85
ATTDEF () 310

BATTMAN () 313
() 131
BLOCK () 302

CHAMFER () 104
CIRCLE () 224
CONVERTCTB
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CONVERTPSTYLES
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COPY () 100
COPYBASE
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1() 57

DDEDIT () 163
DDPTYPE () 268
DesignCenter (
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DIMALIGNED
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DIMANGULAR
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DIMBASELINE
() 207
DIMCONTINUE () 208
DIMEDIT () 217 218
DIMLINEAR
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DlMRADIUS () 211
DIMSTYLE () 217
DIMTEDIT () 219
DIST () 274
DIVIDE () 269
DONUT () 242
DSETTINGS
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DTEXT () 153
DWGPROPS
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378

() 314
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LINE () 74 99
LIST () 273
LWT () 127

FIELD () 171
FILEDIA71
FILL () 139
FILLET () 227

G
GRID () 25 27
GRIPBLOCK 284
GRIPCOLOR 284
GRIPHOT 284
GRIPHOVER 284
GRIPS 284
GRIPSIZE 284
GRIPTIPS 284
GROUP () 77

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HATCHEDIT () 144

MATCHPROP
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MEASURE () 269
MINSERT () 307
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MIRRTEXT 106
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MLINE () 247
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MLSTYLE () 244
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() 157

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NEW () 72, 91
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OPTIONS () 27
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OSNAP () 46

LAYER ()
LAYERP () 124
LAYTRANS () 121
LENGTHEN () 105

PAN () 104
PEDIT () 242
PICKADD 128
PICKSTYLE 79

INSERT () 306
ISOPLANE () 295

PLINE () 237
PLOTTERMANAGER
() 331
POINT () 269
POLYGON (-) 241
PROPERTIES (OKHOCB) 129

QDIM () 209
QLEADER () 204

RAY () 267
RECTANG
() 75, 93, 240
REDO () 52
REFEDZT () 321
ROTATE () 231

SAVE () 20
SAVEAS () 89
SCALE () 287
SCALETEXT () 163
SELECT () 76
SHEETSET () 356
SHEETSETHIDE
() 358
SNAP () 258, 261
SNAPSTYL 294
SPELL () 163
SPLINE () 234
SPLINEDIT () 234
STATUS () 275
Start from Scratch (
) 28
Startup ( ) 12
STRETCH () 232
STYLE () 152

379

TABLE () 276
TABLESTYLE
() 277
TEXT () 153
TEXTSTYLE 164
TEXTTOFRONT
() 168
TIME () 276
TOLERANCE () 212
Tool Palettes 16
TRIM () 87

UCS () 252
UCSICON () 255
UCSMAN () 255
UNDO () 52
UNITS () 21
Use a Template (
) 28
Use a Wizard (
) 29

W
WBLOCK () 302

() 317
XLINE () 266
XREF () 326

ZOOM () 81, 83,


89, 103

380

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189
373
131
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314

313

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259
263

258
258

258
261

262
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30
317
317

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326
318
327

321
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156
266
162
76
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155 167
80

212

180
269
270
271
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381

138
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161
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109
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4 CD-ROM " Red Hat L
. 4

576 .

. (+CD-ROM)

416 .

., . 5
., . Adobe GoLive 6

560.
352 .

. Delphi 6. Object Pascal


. Delphi 7 (+)

528 .
608 .

. TurboPascal 7 Delphi, 2- . (+)

416 .

. C++ Builder (+. CD-ROM)

320 .

. UML

304 .

. UML 2-.

432 .

., . Perl
., . PC (+ )

432 .
496 .

.
. . .

336 .
624 .

. .

368 .

.
. Visual Foxpro

496 .
688 .

., . Microsoft Windows XP

560 .

., . Windows 2000 Professional

528 .

. Visual FoxPro 7.0

678 .

. Visual FoxPro 8

688 .

. 3ds max 5
. AutoCAD 2002

336 .
608 .

., . AutoCAD 2004

640 .

- .

320 .

- . , 2- .

432 .

. Delphi 7 Studio

512 .

. JBuilder 6/7

304 .

. KYLIX

416 .

. 2- .

496 .

. #

576 .

. Visual C++ .NET (+)

738 .

. Visual C++ 6 (+)


., ., . WML WMLScript

960 .
240 .

512 .

. ., . . Adobe Photoshop 7 (+)

688 .

. ., . . CorelDRAW 11

704 .

. MFC (+)
. Macromedia Dreamweaver MX

640 .
544 .

. Macromedia Fireworks

448 .

. , , IBM PC
.

608 .
384 .

., . PC (+)

496 .

. Adobe PageMaker 7

736 .

. Java

464 .

. XML

336 .

. Microsoft Word 2000

688 .

. Microsoft Word 2002

624 .

,, . Microsoft Word 2003

., . Delphi

576 .

. HTML 4
. .

672.
288 .

272 .

. ASP.NET

368 .

. C++, 3- . (+)

688 .

"


' ^^^^''.'

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