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AutoCAD 2006

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ISBN 5-93673-060-3.
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Welcome to
AutoCAD 2006
Help
AutoCAD 2006
Help provides
complete
information for
using AutoCAD.
Click the links on
the right or use the
Contents tab to
browse Help
topics.

JType your question here


General Information
New Feattn es Woi Kshot)
Usellie Help System Efficiently
Obtain Documentation updates
View llio PiodiKt Readme
Help F iles

User's Guide
Command Reteience
Oliver ami Peiinliei ! Guide
Installation and Licensing Guides
Customization Guide
AtitoLISP, Visual LISP, and DXF
ActiveX Automation ami VBA
My Heto

The New Features


Workshop helps
you quickly learn
what's new in
AutoCAD 2006. To
access the New
Features
Resources on the Web
Workshop, clickthe
link on the right.
AutoCAD
You can also
Support
access the New
Training F t e s o m c e s
Fpaturps

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38

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39

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Help

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About

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Oevetoaer Help

Autodesk User Group International

. 1.32. Developer Help


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AutoCAD 2006.

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40

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44

AutoCAD 2006
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47

AutoCAD 2006


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AutoCAD 2006
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49

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69

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79

AutoCAD 2006


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AutoCAD 2006
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89

AutoCAD 2006
Specify next point or [Undo] ( [Undo]): ( 3)
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, , LINE ()
Undo (). ,
, Specify next point (
): Undo () .
Undo () ;
.
LINE () ,
Undo () LINE ()
.
,

90



Undo (), 3.5.
Command (): line
Specify first point ( ): ( 1)
Specify next point or [Undo] ( [Undo]): ( 2)
Specify next point or [Undo] ( [Undo]): ( 3)
Specify next point or [Close/Undo] (
[Close/Undo]): ( 4)

Specify next point or [Close/Undo] (


[Close/Undo]): ( 5)

Specify next point or [Close/Undo] (


[Close/Undo]): ( Undo () )
Specify next point or [Close/Undo] (
[Close/Undo]): ( Undo () )
Specify next point or [Close/Undo] (
[Close/Undo]): ( 4)
Specify next point or [Close/Undo] (
[Close/Undo]): ( 5)
Specify next point or [Close/Undo] (
[Close/Undo]): ( \&])

. 3.5. Undo () LINE

91

AutoCAD 2006

&
,
X Y,
RECTANGLE, 3.6.

ByLayer

AutoCAD:
Command (): rectangle
Specify first corner point or [Chamfer/Elevation/Fiile^hickness/Width] ( [Chamfer/Elevation/Fillet/Thickness/Width]):
( , ,
)
Specify other corner point or [Dimensions] (
[Dimensions]): ( ,

,
Dimensions ()
)

. 3.6.
RECTANGLE
()

Draw ()

Chamfer ()
Chamfer () . CHAMFER
() .

^Levation ()
Elevation () .

fillet ()
Fillet () . FILLET () .

92

Thickness ()

Thickness () . , .
Thickness () AutoCAD.

Width )
Width () . 0,0.

dimensions ()
Dimensions () , . Dimensions () AutoCAD :
Specify length for rectangles <default> (
< ): ( )
Specify width for rectangles <default> (
< ): ( )
Specify other corner point or [Dimensions] (
[Dimensions]): ( ,

)


POLYGON (. 3.7)
( )
.

: Inscribed in Circle
(

),
Circumscribed about Circle ( ) Edge
(). 3 ( ) 1024.

^^^
^ 1

. 3.7.
POLYGON

| Draw ()

93

AutoCAD2006

Inscribed in Circle )
Inscribed in Circle ( )
, ,
, ( ), :
Command (): polygon
Enter number of sides <default> ( < >): 6 ( ])
Specify center of polygon or [Edge] ( [Edge]):
3,3 ( \^)
Enter an option [Inscribed in circle/Circumscribed about circle] ( [Inscribed in circle/Circumscribed about circle]): (
Inscribed in Circle ( ) )
Specify radius of circle ( ): 2 (
iJEnter])
AutoCAD , 3.8,
3,3,
2 .

. 3.8, ,

Inscribed in Circle ( )

94


,

. , AutoCAD , .

Circumscribed about Circle


( )
Circumscribed about Circle ( )
, ,
, ( ), :
Command (): polygon
Enter number of sides <default> ( < -

^: 8 ( \^)
Specify center of polygon or [Edge] ( [Edge]):
3,3 ( ^\)
Enter an option [Inscribed in circle/Circumscribed about circle] (
[Inscribed in circle/Circumscribed about circle]): (
Circumscribed about Circle ( ) )
Specify radius of circle ( ): 2 ( jpntsr);

. 3.9. ,
Circumscribed about Circle ( )
95

AutoCAD 2006
AutoCAD , 3.9,
3,3,
2 .

&1| ()
Edge () , , :
Command (): polygon
Enter number of sides <default> ( < ^: 7 ( \
Specify center of poligon or [Edge] (
[Edge]):e ( iP^r]j
Specify first endpoint of edge ( ):
1,1 ( ^}
Specify second endpoint of edge ( ):
3,1 ( p

. 3.10. ,
Edge ()
AutoCAD , 3.10,
,
.

96

fuco&attue
POINT (), 3.11,
,
(pen down).

. ,
Object Snap ( ), .
,
.
Command (): point

. 3.11.
POINT

Draw ()

Point (): ( )


,
(+),
BLIPMODE ON (
OFF).
REDRAW (),
(.).
, ,
+, , 0 ,
PDMODE , 3.12.

Point Style

Point Size:

5.0000

Set Size Relative to Screen


Set Si2e in Absolute Units

PDMODE
Cancel
Help
OK
pdmode
Command ():
Puc. 3.12. Point Style
.
( )
Point Style ( )
Point Style ( )
Format (). PDMODE
, , .
97
4-1211

AutoCAD 2006
PDMODE ,
.
PDMODE , ,
, PDSIZE.
Point Style ( ). PDSIZE
( ). , ,
, .


, CIRCLE ARC.

fuco&anue
CIRCLE, 3.13,
:
Center-Radius
(-)
( ), Center-Diameter (-), Three-Point
( ), Two-Point ( ) Tangent, Tangent, Radius (,
, - TTR).

. 3.13. CIRCLE ()
Draw ()

Cenfer~Kadiu$ (~))
Center-Radius (-) , .
Center-Radius (-), ,
CIRCLE () , :
98


Command (): circle
Specify center point for circle or [/21 (tan tan radius)] (
[/21 (tan tan radius)]): 2,2 ( \
Specify radius of circle or [Diameter] (
[Diameter]): 1 ( jp
AutoCAD , 1 ,
2,2, 3.14.
, 3.15:
Command (): circle
Specify center point for circle or [/21 (tan tan radius)] (
[/21 (tan tan radius)]): 2,2 ( ()
Specify radius of circle or [Diameter] (
[Diameter]): 3,2 ( 1{&\)

. 3.14. ,
Center-Radius
(-),
CIRCLE

. 3.15. ,

Center-Radius (-),

AutoCAD 2,2
,
.

99

AutoCAD 2006

Centeif'Piameter (~)
Center-Diameter (-) ,
, :
Command (): circle
,

Specify center point for circle or [/21 (tan tan radius)] (


[3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]): 2,2 ( \^>'])
Specify radius of circle, or [Diameter] ( [Diameter]): ( Diameter ())
Specify diameter of circle ( ): 2 ( |jEnter]j

AutoCAD 2,2
2 , 3.16.

. 3.16. ,
Center-Diameter (-)

"ThrecfiDirrt CTpu )
Three-Point ( ) , ,
, :
Command (): circle
Specify center point for circle or [/21 (tan tan radius)] (
[3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]): ( (3 ))
Specify first point on circle ( ): 2,1 ( IfEnter] J
100


Specify second point on circle ( ): 3,2 ( )
Specify third point on circle ( ): 2,3 ( ^)

(3 ) , .

AutoCAD
2,1, 3,2 2,3, - 3.17.

. 3.17. ,
Three-Point ( )

Memo<)1wo~foiiii & )
Two-Point ( )
, :
Command (): circle
Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)] (
[/2^ (tan tan radius)]): ( 2 (2 ))
Specify first end point of circle's diameter (
): 1, 2 ( \^^\)

101

AutoCAD 2006
Specify second end point of circle's diameter (
): 3,2 ( \^)
AutoCAD ,
1,2 3,2, 3.18.

2 (2 ) , .

[
~~

>X

. 3.18. ,
Two-Point ( )

'Tangent, "Tangent, Kadius


(, , faduyc ^"
Tangent, Tangent, Radius (, , - TTR)
, (, ), , :
Command (): circle
Specify center point for circle or [/21 (tan tan radius)] (
[3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]): ( Ttr (tan tan radius) (, , ))
Specify point on object for first tangent of circle (
): (
)
102


Specify point on object for second tangent of circle ( ): (
)
Specify radius of circle ( ): 2 ( {[Enter])

AutoCAD , , 2 , 3.19.
, . ,
, AutoCAD , .

1
)

4t

\
/
- '

' 1

/
[_

. 3.19.' ,
Tangent, Tangent, Radius (, , )
, , /,
, .

fuco&3Huec)yr
ARC, 3.20,
:
;
;

.
103

AutoCAD 2006

. 3.20. ARC
Draw ()

Memo?) Utree foirrts ( )


(, , )
Three Points ( ) :

Three-Point ( );

Start, Center, End (, , ) (S, , );

Center, Start, End (, , ) (, S, ).

Three-Point ( )
Three-Point ( ) ( ) ,
, . , - , - . Three-Point ( ) , ,
:
Command (): arc
Specify start point of arc or [Center] (
[Center]): #1,2 ( 1^\)
Specify second point of arc or [Center/End] (
[Center/End]): #2,1 ( pnterl)
Specify end point of arc ( ): #3,2 (
[Enter])
AutoCAD 1,2, 2,1 3,2,
3.21.
104

J/

i
\

>

. 3.21. ,
ARC: Three Points ( )

Start, Center, End (, , ) (S, , )


Start, Center, End (, , ) (S, , ) , . ,
,
, :
Command (): arc
Specify start point of arc or [Center] (
[Center]): #1,2 (- <)
Specify second point of arc or [Center/End] (
[Center/End]): ( Center () )
Specify center point of arc (- ): #2,2 (
[[Enter])
Specify end point of arc or [Angle/chord Length] (
[Angle/chord Length]): #2,3 (- [[Enter] j
AutoCAD 1,2, 2,2 2,3,
3.22.
, ,

.
. ,
,
, .

105

AutoCAD 2006

. 3.22. ,
Start, Center, End (, , ) (S, , )
Center, Start, End (, , ) (, S, )
Center, Start, End (, , ) (, S, )
Start, Center, End (, , ) (S, , ) ,
,
.

' fofnfc and an Included Angle or Starting 'Pirectfon


(A&e )
Two Points and an Included
Angle or Starting Direction ( ) :
Start, Center, Angle (, , ) (S, , );
Center, Start, Angle (, , ) (, S, );
Start, End, Angle (, , ) (S, , );
Start, End, Direction (, , ) (S, E, D).
Start, Center, Angle (, , ) (S, , )
Start, Center, Angle (, , ) , Start, Center, End (, , ),
,
. ,
106


, ;
.
Command (): arc
Specify start point of arc or [Center] (
[Center]): #1,2 (
^ \
Specify second point of arc or [Center/End] (
[Center/End]): ( Center () )
Specify center point of arc ( ): #2,2 (-

{JEnterjj
Specify end point of arc or [Angle/chord Length] (
[Angle/chord Length]): ( Angle ()
)
Specify Included Angle ( ): 270 ( 1&)
AutoCAD , 1,2, 2,2 , 270 , 3.23.

. 3.23. ,
Start, Center, Angle (, , ) (S, , )
(Included
Angle) ,
, AutoCAD
(270 ) .

107

AutoCAD 2006

Center, Start, Angle (, , ) (, S, A)


Centerc, Start, Angle (, , ) Start,
Center, Angle (, , ) ,
, .

Start, End, Angle (, , ) (S, , )


Start, End, Angle (, , ) ,
, Start, Center, Angle (, , ),
,
. ,
, ;
.
Command (): arc
Specify start point of arc or [Center] (
[Center]): #3,2 ( pnter|j
Specify second point of arc or [Center/End] (
[Center/End]): ( End () )
Specify end point of arc ( ): #2,3 ( |JEnte7|j
Specify center point of arc or [Angle/Direction/Radius] (
[Angle/Direction/Radius]): ( Angle ()
)
Specify included angle ( ): 90 ( ^ ] )
. AutoCAD , 3,2, 2,3 , 90 , 3.24.
, 3.25, :
Command (): arc
Specify start point of arc or [Center] (
[Center]): #3,2 ( \^**\)
Specify second point of arc or [Center/End] (
[Center/End]): ( End () )
Specify end point of arc ( ): #2,3 ( fjjnjer})

108


Specify center point of arc or [Angle/Direction/Radius] (
[Angle/Direction/Radius]): ( Angle ()
)
Specify included angle ( ): -270 ( )

. 3.24. ,
Start, End, Angle (, , )

. 3.25. ,
Start, End, Angle (, , )
Start, End, Direction (, , ) (S, E, D)
Start, End, Direction (, , ) , , .
, ,
. ,
109

AutoCAD 2006
AutoCAD
.
Command (): arc
Specify start point of arc or [Center] (
[Center]): #3,2 ( \*\)
Specify second point of arc or [Center/End] (
[Center/End]): ( End () )
<

Specify end point of arc ( ): #2,3 ( 1" 1)


Specify center point of arc or [Angle/Direction/Radius] (
[Angle/Direction/Radius]): ( Direction
() )
Specify tangent direction for the start point of arc (
): 90 ( [JEnter|)
AutoCAD , 3,2, 2,3 ,
90 , 3.26.

. 3.26. ,
Start, End, Direction (, , ) (S, E, D)

"Two fo'mXs and a Ungfh of Chord or Radius


(A&e )
Two Points and a Length of
Chord or Radius ( ) :
110


Start, Center, Length of Chord (, , ) (S, , L);
Center, Start, Length of Chord (, , ) (, S, L);
Start, End, Radius (, , ) (S, E, R).

Start, Center, Length of Chord (, , ) (S, , L)


Start, Center, Length of Chord (, , )
. ,
( ):
. ,
,
.
AutoCAD , ; .
Command (): arc
Specify start point of arc or [Center] (
[Center]): #1,2 ( fEnteTj;
Specify second point of arc or [Center/End] (
[Center/End]): ( Center () )
Specify center point of arc ( ): #2,2
( Ifenter))
Specify end point of arc or [Angle/chord Length] (
[Angle/chord Length]): ( Length () )
Specify length of chord ( ): 1,4142 ( Nter])
AutoCAD , 1,2, 2,2 , 1,4142, 3.27.
.
Command (): arc
Specify start point of arc or [Center] (
[Center]): #1,2 ( [[Enter])
Specify second point of arc or [Center/End] (
[Center/End]): ( Center () )
Specify center point of arc ( ): #2,2 ( ||Enter|)

111

AutoCAD 2006
Specify end point of arc or [Angle/chord Length] (
[Angle/chord Length]): ( Length () )
Specify length of chord ( ): -1,4142 (
AutoCAD , 1,2, 2,2 , -1,4142, 3.28.

. 3.27. ,
Start, Center, Length of Chord (, , ) (S, , L)

. 3.28. ,
Start, Center, Length of Chord (, , ) (S, , L)
112


Center, Start, Length (, , ) (, S, L)
Center, Start, Length (, , ) Start,
Center, Length (, , ) , , .
Start, End, Radius (, , )
Start, End, Radius (, , )
, . ,
, : . , , , .
AutoCAD ;
, :
Command (): arc
Specify start point of arc or [Center] (
[Center]): #1,2 ( \jt^)
Specify second point of arc or [Center/End] (
[Center/End]): ( End () )
Specify end point of arc ( ): #2,3 ( [[^
Specify center point of arc or [Angle/Direction/Radius] (
[Angle/Direction/Radius]): ( Radius
() )
Specify radius of arc ( ): -1 { ||)
AutoCAD 1,2, 2,3 , -1 ,
3.29.
:
Command (): arc
Specify start point of arc or [Center] (
' [Center]): #2,3 ( \
Specify second point of arc or [Center/End] (
[Center/End]): ( End () )
Specify end point of arc ( ): #1,2 ( JEnterj)

113

AutoCAD 2006
Specify center point of arc or [Angle/Direction/Radius] (
[Angle/Direction/Radius]): ( Radius () )
Specify radius of arc ( ): 1 ( ^j^})
AutoCAD , 2,3, 1,2 , 1 (. 3.30).

. 3.29. ,
Start, End, Radius (, , ) (S, E, R)

. 3.30. ,
Start, End, Radius (, , ) (S, E, R)
114

Memo?) UncAfrc and Net-fore Continuation


( '
Start Point, End
point, Starting Direction ( , , ), |[Enter| ARC.
[[Enter]
, . AutoCAD
( , ) .
AutoCAD
. .
2,1,
3,2, 1. , 90 , 3.31.

. 3.31. ,
(2,1),
(3,2)
, 1,0

. 3.32. ,

Arc-Arc Continuation
( -)

(. 3.31), 3.32 ( Arc-Arc


Continuation ( -)).

115

AutoCAD 2006
Command (): arc
Specify start point of arc or [Center] (
[Center]): (
Specify end point of arc ( ): #2,3 (
, 3.31,
3,2 2,1
(. 3.33).
Start Point, End point, Starting Direction ( , ,
), 3.34.
Command (): arc
Specify start point of arc or [Center] (
[Center]): ( \\&)
Specify end point of arc ( ): #2,3 ({[Enterf)
-''"'

+~~^ ,

. 3.33. ,

(3,2)
(2,1)

> X

. 3.34. ,
Start Point, Endpoint, Starting
Direction ( ,
, )

180 .
,
, 4,1
2,1.
116



. , ,
, AutoCAD
. , .

)
UNDO
, . REDO , UNDO.

Undo ()
, Undo ()
Standard (), 3.35.
6te Ectt gew Insert Format

look

Qfaw

aw ! Espjess

Dimension

HR

(His

ia u

. 3.35. UNDO
Standard ()
'raw

Dimension Modify

Window

Help Expres

Circle
Erase
Line
Pan
D settings

. 3.36. UNDO
Standard ()
, ,
Undo ()

117

AutoCAD 2006
Standard (), 3.36. , , .
, .

Kedo (TTo&mopumb)
, Redo ()
Standard (), 3.37.
, UNDO ()
REDO ().

Draw

Dimension

Modify

Windc

. 3.37. REDO
Standard ()

, , Redo () Standard (), 3.38.


, , .
, .
REDO ()
, UNDO () UNDO ().

. 3.38. REDO ()
Standard ()

118

4.

,
AutoCAD. , .
:
;
Modify () ERASE (), MOVE (), COPY (), ROTATE (' ) SCALE ().

AutoCAD
. .
AutoCAD
, , BREAK (), DIVIDE ()
MEASURE (). FILLET ()
CHAMBER () AutoCAD .
DIST () ID ( )
AutoCAD , AREA () AutoCAD , . AutoCAD . , , (selection set).
. : Window (), Crossing (), Window
Polygon ( ) (WP), Crossing Polygon (
) (), Fence ( ), Previous (), Last
(), Single () ().
Add (), Remove () Undo ().
,
AutoCAD :
Select objects ( ):

AutoCAD 2006
AutoCAD , (Pickbox).
-.
, ,
.
, . , , ,
Select objects ( ): . , , Select objects
( ): |[Enter|.
,
. , ,
.
,
few |, Select objects ( ):. , . ,
, |[Entorj .

Window ()
Window () ,
.
Select
objects ( ): . AutoCAD :
Specify opposite corner ( ): (
)
,
. ,
. , .
4.1 , , .

120

specify oppositi


Window ()

. 4.1. Window ()

Crossing
()
Crossing ()
, , ,
.
Select Objects ( ):
. AutoCAD :
Specify opposite corner ( ): (
)
4.2 ,
.
>-i
[Specify opposite corner: [j M][l2X854

-.

1
(


Crossing ()

. 4.2. Crossing ()
121

AutoCAD 2006

Window Polygon
( & )
Window Polygon ( ) Window
(), ,
.
, .
. ,
. , , , |Entor|. ,
.
Window Polygon ( ),
Select Objects ( ): wp
[[Enter). Undo () .

' Crossing Polygon


( \ )
Crossing Polygon ( )
Window Polygon ( ), , .
,
.
Crossing Polygon ( ),
Select Objects ( ): ifEnter]. Undo ()
.


( )
Fence ( ) Crossing Polygon (
) ,
. , . Window Polygon ( ) Crossing Polygon

122


( ), .
Fence ( ) Select
Objects ( ): f [[Enter).

Previous
()
Previous ()
. AutoCAD Previous (). , -, COPY () Select Objects ( ): , . (
SELECT (), , ;
Previous (), .)
Previous () Select
Objects ( ): [[Enter).

; lest ()
Last () -
, .
, , Last ().
Last () Select Objects
( ): I (, 1) [[Enter].

: ()
() , . Remove () () .
(), Select Objects
( ): all [{Enter).
123

AutoCAD 2006
All () (all),
, .

1
()
Multiple ()
, . AutoCAD , . Multiple (),
, iJEnterj, AutoCAD .

. Window
(). , , AutoCAD , ,
, . Multiple () AutoCAD , .
Crossing ().
, Multiple ()
.
Multiple (),
Select Objects ( ): m j[Enter].

Undo ()
() , Select Objects ( ):, .
: Last ()
, Undo ()
, Last
().
Undo (),
Select Objects ( ): |jnter].

124


Add ()
Remove (),
.
Add (), Select
Objects ( ): [[Enter].


Remove () .
Select Objects ( ):
Add (). Remove ()
Add () . , , . , Add ().
Remove (),
Select Objects ( ): |[Enter].

(&)
Single ()
. ,
. AutoCAD , ; , , .
Single (),
Select Objects ( ): s [[Enter).


BOX () ,
, 2 .
, BOX () Crossing (). BOX () Window ().

125

AutoCAD 2006

Auto ()
Auto () , Box (),
, , . : .
,
Box ().
,

. , AutoCAD , .


AutoCAD , .


ERASE (), 4.3, ,
. ,
AutoCAD . ,
, , .

ss * \ + a u --
. 4.3. ERASE ()
Modify ()
.
pnter) ( ) Select Objects ( ):,
ERASE (). .
126



ERASE ().
Command (): erase
Select Objects ( ): ( Window (), 4.4)
Select Objects ( ): ( ^
AutoCAD .

j-npscify opposite

/ Window ()

. 4.4. ERASE ()

OOPS .
, ERASE,
. OOPS ;
.
, ERASE.
, ERASE,
OOPS:
Command (): oops (
AutoCAD ,
ERASE.

"
MOVE, 4.5, ,
.
127

AutoCAD 2006
Modify

ED 0\ + -/

JL

[Move |

PMC. 4.5. MOVE


Modify ()
, AutoCAD
. ,
AutoCAD ,
.
, , |[Enter|, AutoCAD (0,0,0). , 4.6, MOVE:
Command (): move
Select Objects ( ): ( Window (), 4.6)
Select Objects ( ): ( |[Enter]j
Specify base point or displacement ( ):
( )
Specify second point of displacement or <use first point as displacement
( <
>): ( , )

Window ()

opposite

. 4.6. MOVE ()
128


AutoCAD , / .


COPY (. 4.7)
, .
, . .
. 4.8 COPY:
Command ():
Select Objects ( ): (
Crossing (), 4.8)
Select Objects ( ): ( |f&nte7))
Specify base point or displacement, or [Multiple] (
, [Multiple]): ( )
Specify second point of displacement or <use first point as displacement
(
;): ( , )
Specify second point of displacement ( ):
( iJEnterj
)
Modify

<^-

-rr ar

||

. 4.7. COPY
Modify ()
AutoCAD , ,
, / .

129
5-1211

AutoCAD 2006

/ /

l-nperfv oppose corners

/ Crossing

. 4.8. COPY
. , 1,1 3,4 , ,
2 X 3 Y. , 0,0, - 2,3. , 4.6 4.8, , , @24<0 .

, , X
Y .
,
(Specify base point
or displacement ( )).
(Specify second point of displacement or <use first point as displacement (
<
>)) . AutoCAD (0,0,0) .
.

2,3, ,
, JEnterj. , (0,0,0), - 2,3.
, , -2,-3,
^'\130


ROTATE (), 4.9, , , (base point). ,
, .
,
.

. 4.9. ROTATE ()
Modify ()
. , . 4.10 ROTATE ().

/
Window ()
270

. 4.10. ROTATE ()
Command (): rotate
Select Objects ( ): (
Window (), 4.10)

131

AutoCAD 2006
Select Objects ( ): ( 1[")
Specify base point ( ): ( )
Specify rotation angle or [Reference] (
[Reference]): 270
AutoCAD
.


,
Reference ().
AutoCAD,
, .
AutoCAD
. ,
.


SCALE, 4.11, . ;

X, Y Z. , , 1. , , 3, .
, ,
0 1. . , ,
0,75,
.

. 4.11. SCALE ()
Modify ()
. ,
132


(anchor point) .
. , 4.12, SCALE.


Window ()

. 4.12 SCALE ()
Command (): scale
Select Objects ( ): (
Window (), 4.12)
Select Objects ( ): { \\&)
Specify base point or displacement ( ):
( )
Specify scale factor or [Reference] ( [Reference]): 1,5
AutoCAD ,
.


Reference ()
.
. AutoCAD
.

133

5.


, ,
. ,
.
, . AutoCAD ,
,
.
.
, :
, , ;
;
;
;
.

&
, . AutoCAD
. , , , . ,
,
. , AutoCAD
, , .
AutoCAD ,
. Multiline
Text ( ), Single Line Text ( ), Edit Text
( ), Find, Replace, Select and Zoom text (, ,
), Text Style ( ), Scale Text


( ), Justify Text ( ) Convert
distances or heights between spaces (
), 5.1.
- -
/^--
.
<,-
--
- -
>
-

.5.1. Text ()


Single Line Text ( ) , .
, ,
DTEXT, Single Line Text ( )
Text (), 5.2.
:
Command (): dtext
Specify start point of text or [Justify/Style] (
[Justify/Style]): (
)
Text

AAttf
[single Line Text [

. 5.2. Single Line Text


DTEXT ( )
Text ()


.
.
, .
AutoCAD :
135

AutoCAD 2006
Specify height <default> ( < ): ( )
. , , \
, ,
. :
Specify rotation angle of text <default> (
< ): ( )

0 ( , 3 , , ). ,
, ,
, .
0 , . :
Enter text ( ): (

)
,
. f ^ j ,
, , , . ,
. IJEnterj B Enter text ( ):,
.
,
, , ,
5.3.
Command (): dtext
Specify start point of text or [Justify/Style] (
[Justify/Style]): ( ,
5.3)
Specify height <default> ( < >): .25
Specify rotation angle of text ( ):
( [[Enter] J

Enter text ( ): Sample Text Left Justified


Enter text ( ): ( f
136


File Edit

View

Insert

Format

Tocte Draw

Dimension

Modify

Window

Help Express

Sample Text Left Justifiec

\
. 5.3. DTEXT ,
,


? 2,
, .. .
. , , 48' 24',

1/2" = -0'. , 1/4".
, 1/4",
, , ,
.
, , , ,
, . 1/2" = -0', ,
1/4". 1/4" .
1/2" 12" , 1/4" 6" ,
6", 1/2" = -0' 1/4".
. 5.1 , .

137

AutoCAD 2006

. 5.1. ,


.

1/16"

3/32"

1/8"

3/16"

1/4"

5/16"

3/8"

1/2"

5/8"

1/16" =
-0"

192

12"

18"

24"

36"

48"

60"

66"

96"

120"

1/8" =
-0"

96

6"

9"

12"

18"

24"

30"

36"

48"

60"

3/16" =
-0"

64

4"

6"

8"

12"

16"

20"

24"

32"

40"

1/4" =
-0"

48

3"

4,5"

6"

9"

12"

15"

18"

24"

30"

3/8" =
-0"

32

2"

3"

4"

6"

8"

10"

12"

16"

20!'

1/2" =
-0"

24

1,5"

2,25"

3"

4,5"

6"

7,5"

9"

12"

15"

3/4" =
-0"

16

1"

1,5"

2"

3"

4"

5"

6"

8"

10"

1" =-0"

12

0,75"

1,13"

1,5"

2,25"

3"

3,75"

4,5"

6"

7,5"

1 1/2"=

0,5"

0,75"

1"

1,5"

2"

2,5"

3"

4"

5"

3" =-0"

0,25"

0,375"

0,5"

0,75"

1"

1,25"

1,5"

2"

2,5"

1" = 10'

120

7,5"

11,25"

15"

22,5"

30"

37,5"

45"

60"

75"

1" = 20'

240

15"

22,5"

30"

45"

60"

75"

90"

120"

150"

1" = 30'

360

22,5"

33,75"

45"

67,5"

90"

112,5"

135"

180"

225"

= 40'

480

30"

45"

60"

90"

120"

150"

180"

240"

300"

1" = 50'

600

37,5"

56,25"

75"

112,5"

150"

187,5"

225"

300"

375"

1" = 60'

720

45"

67,5"

90"

135"

180"

225"

270"

360"

450"

70

840

52,5"

78,75"

105"

157,5"

210"

262,5"

315"

420"

525"

1" = 80'

960

60"

90"

120"

180"

240"

300"

360"

480"

600"

1" = 90'

1080

67,5"

101,25"

135"

202,5"

270"

540"

675"

1" = 100'

1200

75"

112,5"

150"

225"

300"

337,5" 405"
375 450"

600"

750"

-0"

138

Justify () 14 . AutoCAD :
Enter an option ( ) [Align/Fit/Center/Middle/Right/TL/TC/
TR/ML/MC/MR/BL/BC/BR] ( , Justify ())
Center ( )
. - ,
. , , g, q ,
.
. ,
j[Entar| TEXT.
,
, ,
5.4.
Enter an option I

Right

TL
TC

Sample Text Center Justifie

TR
ML
MC
MR

BL

ER

. 5.4. DTEXT
( ),
( )
( )
Command (): dtext
Specify start point of text or [Justify/Style] (
[Justify/Style]): ( Justify () )
139

AutoCAD 2006
Enter an option
[Align/Fit/Center/Middle/Righ^L^C^R/M^C/MR/BL/BC/
BR] ( [Align/Fit/Center/Middle/Right/T^C^R/MIJMC/MR/BL/
BC/BR]): ( Center ( ) )
Specify central point of text ( ):
Specify height <default> ( < ): .25
Specify rotation angle of text ( ): 0
Enter text ( ): Sample Text Center Justified
Middle ( ) , , , , 5.4.
.
Right ( )
( ), 5.4. , .
.
Align () ,
. AutoCAD ,
. .
.
, Align (), 5.5.

Text. Aligned'
. 5.5. Align ()
Fit () DTEXT
140


Command (): dtext
Specify start point of text or [Justify/Style] (
[Justify/Style]): ( Justify () )
Enter an option [Align/Fit/Center/Middle/RighVTI7rC/rR/MI_/MC/MR/BL/BC/
BR] ( [Align/Fit/Center/Middle/Right/TL/TC^R/ML/MC/MR/BL/
BC/BR]): ( Align () )
Specify first endpoint of text baseline ( ): ( )
Specify second endpoint of text baseline (
): ( )
Enter text ( ): Sample Text Aligned
Fit () Align (),
Fit () AutoCAD
, , .
,
Fit (), 5.5.
.

Command (): dtext


Specify start point of text or [Justify/Style] (
[Justify/Style]): ( Justify () )
Enter an option [Align/Fit/Center/Middie/RightI-C"R/MI_/MC/MR/BL/BC/
BR] ( [Alig/Fit/Ceter/Middle/RightL"CR/ML/MC/MR/BL
BC/BR]): ( Fit () )
Specify first endpoint of text baseline (
): ( )
Specify second endpoint of text baseline (
): ( )
Specify height <default> ( < >): 0.25
Enter text ( ): Sample Text Fit

, , :
TL - top left ( );
- top center ( );
TR - top right ( );
141

AutoCAD 2006
ML - middle left ( );
MC - middle center ( );
MR - middle right ( );
BL - bottom left ( );
- bottom center ( );
BR - bottom right ( ).


AutoCAD . AutoCAD
, , , , . Standard () . Style (), .

-*

, ;
, .
, , . ,
.
, ,
, Multiline Text ( )
Text (), 5.6.
AutoCAD:
Command (): mtext
Specify first corner ( ): (
)
Specify opposite corner or [Height/Justify/Line spacing/Rotation/Style/Width]
( [Height/Justify/Line spacing/ Rotation/ Style/Width]); (
)
142


Text

I Multiline Text... |

. 5.6.
Text ()
, ,
AutoCAD , , abc, ,
.
AutoCAD
Text Formatting ( ) / (Multiline Text Editor -
), 5.7, 5.8.
Multiline Text Editor ( )
.
ASCII RTF.
, , .
, .
.
^

. 5.7. Text Formatting ( ),



/
143

AutoCAD 2006

t
/

~i

| 'i

"

- ,-;

/ ,
/
[
/
/ /
'

. 5.8.
/
,
.
, , ,
, , , .
.
- , , . , .
Multiline Text Editor ( )
Text Formatting ( ) .

"
1exf formatting ( )
Text Formatting ( ),
, , 5.7,
, .
, Multiline Text
Editor ( )
, , , .
, Text Formatting
( ), 5.7, : Style (), Font (), Text Height ( ), Bold (), Italic (), Underline (), Undo
(), Redo (), Stack ( ) Text Color ( ):

144


Style ()
. , AutoCAD , , , , . , ,
. Font ()
.
TrueType SHX;
Height () . . ,
Height ().
. ,
AutoCAD .
, ,
;
Bold () .
Bold () , TrueType;
Italic ()
. Italic
() , TrueType;

Underline () ;

Undo () Multiline Text Editor ( ), ;


Redo ()
Undo ();
Stack ( )
. Stack ( ) , (/) ( /) ( /). ,
,
. (/) ( ).
145

AutoCAD 2006
, AutoCAD , ;
Color ()
. ByLayer (
), ByBlock ( ) ;
Use ruler ( )
;
Options () ,
Text Formatting
( );
Horizontal text align ( ) ,
;
Vertical text align ( ) : ,
;
Numbering () .
;
Bullets ()
;
Uppercase letters ( )
;
Uppercase ( ) Lowercase (
) ;
Overline ( )
; .
Symbol () ,
;
Oblique angle ( ) ;
Width factor ( ) .
, Multiline Text Editor ( ).
146


,
. Multiline Text Editor (
) , |.


, Multiline Text Editor ( ), ,
, , 5.9.
Learn about MTE
Show Toolbar
/ Show Options
i/ Show Ruler
Opaque Background
Insert Field.,.

Ctrl+F

Symbol
Import Text...
Indents and Tabs.,.
Bullets and Lists
Background Mask...
Justification
Find and Replace...

Ctrl+R

Select At

Ctil+A

Change Case

AutoCAPS
.-; Formatting
Combine Paragraphs
Character Set

. 5.9. Multiline Text Editor


( )


Insert Field ( ) Field (), 5.10, .
Field () ,
. , Field (),
Field Category ( ) Field names (
). , , Date () Field Names ( ),
5.10, AutoCAD
Examples (). ,
147

AutoCAD 2006
Field (), . Field Expression
( ) ,
. , , , , .

Field category:

Author;

IBIockPlaceholder
| Comments
I
CreateDate
1 CurrentSheecCategory
CurrentSheetCustom
I CurrentSheetDescription
I CurrentSheetlssuePurpos*
ICurrentSheecNumber
| CurrentSheetNumber AndT
CurrentSheetRevisionDate
I CurrentSheetRevisionNuml
ICurrentSheetSet
! CurrentSheetSetCustom
I CurrentSheetSetDescriptio
;
CurrentSheetSetProlectMil
jCurrentSheetSetProjectNa
:
ICurrentSheetSetProjectNu
I
| CurrentSheetSetPraiectPh | j

I Lowercase
: First capital
| Title case

Field expression:
-'iftcVar Author \f " % t c l " > %

Puc. 5.10. Field ()



Indents and Tabs ( ) Indents and Tabs ( ),
5.11.
, .
t?JL x J

Indents and Tabs


:

Indentation

| First line:

1 jo
Paragraph:

Tab stop position

: [cT~
'i

i JO

j; | set ||
OK

j .[

Cancel

Puc. 5.11. Indents and Tabs ( )


148


Indentation () Indents and Tabs
( ) First line ( )
.
Paragraph () .
Tab stop position ( )
,
. Set ()
.
Clear ()
.


Justification ()
,
AutoCAD, ,
. , ,
, , .
top () (Top Left ( ), Top Center ( ),
Top Right ( )), .
bottom () (Bottom Left ( }' ), Bottom Center ( ), Bottom Right (
)),
.
, Justify (), AutoCAD
. ,
DTEXT. , AutoCAD
,
.


Find and Replace ( )
Find and Replace ( ), 5.12,
Find what () Replace with ( )
Match Case ( ) Match whole word only (
).
.

149

AutoCAD 2006
Find, and Replace
: [__

. 5.12. Find and Replace ( )


Find what (),
Find Next ( ), . AutoCAD .
Find Next ( ) .
Replace with ( ) ,
Find what ().
Replace (),
Replace with (). Replace All (
), .
Match Case ( ), AutoCAD
, Find what ().
Match Case ( ) , AutoCAD
.
Match whole word only ( ),
AutoCAD , . ,
. Match whole word only ( )
, AutoCAD , , .

Select All ( )
Select All ( ) , .

Change Case ( )
Change Case ( ) UPPERCASE ( )

150


lowercase ( ). UPPERCASE (
) . lowercase ( ) .
AutoCAPS ( Caps Lock)
AutoCAPS ( Caps Lock)
, jfcapsj, Caps Lock ( ).
Remove Formatting ( )
Remove Formatting ( ) , .
Combine Paragraphs ( )
Combine Paragraphs ( ) .
Symbol ()
Symbol () Degrees (), Plus/Minus (/) Diameter
Degrees ( ), Non-Breaking Space ( ),
, . , Other (),
Character Map ( ).
Character Map ( ) ,
, Windows.
Multiline Text Editor ( ) ,
.
(%%). . , AutoCAD,
5.2.

151

AutoCAD 2006
. 5.2.

( )

%%d

104.5F

104.5%%dF

(
/)

%%

34.5+3

34.5%%

0 ( )

%%

56.060

56.06%%

% ( ;
,
)

%%%

34.67%1.5

?4.67%%%%%P1.5

( nnn - , )

%%

%%064


Bullets and Lists ( ) ,, : - Of (), : Lettered (), Numbered (), Bui leted (). Lettered () : , : Lowcas ( ),
Uppercase ( ). Restart () v [ Continue () . Allow Bullets
and Lists ( ) /
. Allow auto-list (
) , ,
lter
1. ^
) . Use tab delimiter only (
*\ ) .

152



Import Text ( )
Select File ( ), ASCII
RTF . 32 .
AutoCAD ,
, , .
Height (), Justify (), Line
Spacing ( ), Rotation (), Style ()
Width ().
Height (), Style () Justify () .
Width ()
. Width () No Wrap (He
),
.
Rotation ()
, .
Line Spacing ( )
. Line Spacing ( ) : At Least ( )
Exactly (). At Least ( ) , .
At Least ( ),
. Exactly ()

.
.
Exact () Line Spacing ( )
.

, AutoCAD Multiline Text Editor (
) .

153

AutoCAD 2006


DDEDIT . - , . ,
DDEDIT Text (), 5.13. AutoCAD:
Command (): ddedit
Select an annotation object or [Undo] (
[Undo]): (
)

. 5.13. DDEDIT
Text ()
, ,
AutoCAD Multiline Text Editor (
) .
, .
, DTEXT, AutoCAD Edit Text ( ) .
, .
AutoCAD
. ,
U. ( j|Ente^]).


FIND (), 5.14,
. AutoCAD Find and Replace ( ),
5.15.

154

. 5.14. FIND ()
Text ()
Find text string ( ) , . Replace with ( )
. Find (), Context () . Search Results ( ) Find
and Replace ( ) . Replace (),
, Replace with ( ).
, , Find (). , Find text string (
), Replace All ( ).
Find and Repla
Fjnd text string:

Search in:

Search results:
Object type:
1

Context

. 5.75. Find and Replace ( )


Search in ( )
AutoCAD, : . Select Objects ( )
Graphics () .

155

AutoCAD 2006
AutoCAD . Options () Find and Replace
Options ( ), 5.16.

Find and Replace Options


i Include:
0 Block Attribute Value

0 Table Text

Dimension Annotation Tent

0 Hyperlink Description

Text (Mtext. DText, Text)

0 Hyperlink

Match case
Find whole words only

OK |

Cancel

Help

. 5.16. Find and Replace Options ( )


Include () Find and Replace
Options ( ) , .
Block Attribute Value ( ), Dimension Annotation Text
( ), Text (Mtext and Dtext) ( ( Mtext
Dtext)), Table Text ( ), Hyperlink Description ( )
Hyperlink (). Match case ( )
AutoCAD ,
. Find whole words only ( )
AutoCAD , .


SCALETEXT ( ), 5.17, ,
.

. 5.17. SCALETEXT ( )
Text ()
156


AutoCAD:
Command (): scaletext
Select Objects ( ): ( )
Enter a base point option for scaling [Existing/Left/Center/Middle/Right/TUTC/
TR/ML/MC/MR/BL/BC/BR]
<Right> (
[Existing/Left/Center/Middle/Right/
TUTC/TR/ML/MC/MR/BL/BC/BR] < >): (
jenter},
)
Specify new height or [Match object/Scale factor] <3/16"> (
[Match object/Scale factor] <3/16">): (
)
, ,
, . ,
. , , .

JUSTIFYTEXT ( ), 5.18,
, . , , . AutoCAD:
Command (): justifytext
Select Objects ( ): ( )
Select objects ( ): ( ^)
Enter a justification option [Left/Align/FiVCenter/Middle/RightTTL/TC/TR/ML/
MC/MR/BL/BC/BR] <Left> ( [Existing/Left/
Center/Middle/Right/TL7TC/TR/ML/MC/MR/BLyBC/BR] < >):
( , )

157

AutoCAD 2006

. 5.18. JUSTIFYTEXT ( )
Text ()


Style () .
, 5.19, , 5.20:

. 5.19. Style ()
Text ()
Style Name ( )
, ,
New (), ,
Rename (), Delete (). Font ()
Font Name
( ), Font Style
( ) Height () .
Effects ()
, Upside down ( ) -
; Backwards () -
; Vertical () - ; Width
factor ( ) - ; Oblique Angle
. Preview
( )
.

158

mm

Text Stylo
Style Name

_ z i j
'

;--,1

Cancel

Fort

,|
Font Style:

Font Name:
\# txtshx

:o.oooo

v |

Use Big Font

Effects

""review

: Upside down

Help

Height:

Backwards

Width Factor [l-OOOO


Oblique Angle: [o

Vertical

_AaBbCcD_
AaBbCcD

Preview

. 5.20. Text Style ( )

SPELL ,
DTEXT , . SPELL Tools (), 5.21, AutoCAD :
Command (): spell
Select Objects ( ): (
[inter) )
AutoCAD Check Spelling ( ),
5.22,
.
AutoCAD
Check Spelling ( ).
, Change Dictionaries ( ),
Change Dictionaries ( ) .
AutoCAD
Current Word ( ) Suggestions ().
Change (),
, Change All ( ), .
159

AutoCAD 2006
Ignore (), ,
Ignore All ( ), .
Spelling

Quick. Select...^

mm

Draw O_rder
Inguiry
IS Update Fields
| j # 0ock Editor
Xref and Block In-place Editing

M f c Attribute Extraction...

3 $ Properties

CTRL+l

DesignCenter

CTRL+2 ]

1 [f% Tool Palettes Window

CTRL+3

Sheet Set Manager

CTRL+4

-'$ Info Palette

CTRL+S

dbConnect

CTRL+6

i Markup Set Manager

CTRL+7 |

j QuickC*

CTRL+8

CTRL+9

Command Line

Check Spelling
Current dictionary:

Load Application...
B,un Script...
Macro
AutoLISP

Displai Image

Suggestions:

I S Named UCS...

Ignore All

Orthographic UCS

Change

j t t Move UCS
New. UCS

American English

Current word

Change All

>

Lookup

CAD Standards
Wizards

Change dictionaries...

>\

Drafting Settings.,.

Context

Tablet

Customize

OpBcff-

Puc. 5.21.
SPELL Tools ()

. 5.22. Check Spelling


( )

Add () ( 63 ) . Lookup ()
, Suggestions
().
AutoCAD , , .

160


QTEXT DTEXT , .
,

. QTEXT , .
, .
,
QTEXT.
QTEXT REGEN. QTEXT Command
()::
Command (): qtext ( \^)
Enter mode ON/OFF <current> ( ON/OFF <>): ( )

TABLE AutoCAD ,
,
, ,
.
, , , ,
, ,
Table Style ( ) , ,
,
.

f>cma&K3
TABLE, 5.23,
AutoCAD Insert Table ( ), 5.24.

161
6-1211

AutoCAD 2006
Table Style name ( )
Table Style Settings ( ) Insert Table ( )
.

\\4 I 4 \ \
. 5.23. TABLE ()
Draw ()
Insert Table
Lsarri about Table?
Insertion Behavior

Table Style Settings


Text height:

Table Style name:

4.5

Title
Header
Data
Data
Data
Data
Data
Data
Data
Data

Header
Da-to.
Buto.
lata
Into,
lata
lo-ta
TJa-to.
Icrto.

(} Specify insertion point


Spedfy window

Column & Row Settings


Header
Da-to
Data
Data
Data
Data
Data
Da-to
Data

Columns:

Column width:

Data Rows:

Row Height:

rv

'

ilZ

1une(s)

Cancel

Help

Puc. 5.24. Insert Table ( )


Insertion Behavior ( )
Insert Table ( ) , , , Column & Row Settings (
).

162


Specify insertion point (
),
( ) , , ,
Column & Row Settings (
). , ,
.
Specify window ( ),
, ,
Column & Row Settings ( ).
,
. Data Rows ( )
Row height ( ) Row
height ( ) Data Rows
( ).
/
, Insert Table ( ).
AutoCAD Specify first comer ( ):
, .
, Insertion Behavior ( ) Specify
insertion point ( ), AutoCAD ,
,
Text Formatting ( ).
Insertion Behavior ( ) Specify window ( ),
AutoCAD Specify second point (
):,
. AutoCAD Text Formatting ( ).
Text Formatting ( ), , ,
. , , l Enler l. , ,
|s hifl l+!^ ntar 1. , t$Ttb\.
, llShi(tl+ISTbl.

163
*

AutoCAD 2006


TABLEDIT . AutoCAD:
Command (): tabledit
Pick a table cell ( ): (
, , ,
)
, , , Edit Cell Text ( )
. AutoCAD Text
Formatting ( );
, .
,
. : Cell Alignment ( )
; Cell
Borders ( ) ; Match
Cell ( ) ; Insert Block ( )
, ; Insert Columns (
) ;
Delete Columns ( ) ;
Insert Rows ( )
; Delete Rows ( ) ; Delete Cell Contents ( )
.


, AutoCAD . ,
. : Size
Columns Equally ( )
; Remove All Properties Overrides ( ) , ; Export () .csv.

164

6.



, AutoCAD,
, , . .
:
;
;
;
;
;
.
6.1 .
, , , .

. 6.1.

AutoCAD 2006
6.2 .
, .

. 6.2.
, , , 6.3 ,
. , , , ,
AutoCAD
, , ,
, .
03

. 6.3.
166


AutoCAD
: , , () .
. ,
, , . 6.3 , .
, .
X ( )
, Y ( ).

"
6.4 AutoCAD.

. 6.4.
167

AutoCAD 2006


, ,
. ,
, Dimension
(), 6.5. 6.6.

19

iLinear f

is
tr
(

Gj

QD
DD

1/^a
Qk

10

PMC. 6.5.
Dimlinear ( )

Dimension ()

. 6.6.




Linear Dimension ( ) , 6.7, :
, :
Command (): dimlinear
Specify first extension line origin or <select object> (
< >): ( )

168


Specify second extension line origin ( ): ( )
Specify dimension line location or [MtextText/Angle/Horizontal/Vertical/ Rotated] ( [Mtext/Text/Angle/
Horizontal/Vertical /Rotated]): ( )

07

. 6.7.

, , AutoCAD ( , ) ,
. , .
, , Object Snap ( ),
, Endpoint () Intersection ().
, ( ). ,
( ), .

Y ( ) . , ( ) , .
,
( ), .

169

AutoCAD 2006
, 6.8, , ,
.

. 6.8.



,
AutoCAD
. 6.9
.

In
~

. 6.9.
Command (): dimlinear
Specify first extension line origin or <select object> (
< >): (
Select object to dimension ( ,
): ( )
Specify dimension line location or [Mtext/Text/Angle/Horizontal/Vertical/ Rotated]
( [Mtext/Text/Angle/ Horizontal/Vertical/Rotated]): ( )
170


, , , .

/

/ - , , . ,
. , ,
. , , , .
, .
, .
, , .


Mtext ( ) Text ()
. Angle () . Text ()
Angle () AutoCAD .



Horizontal ()
( ). Vertical
() , .

171

AutoCAD 2006


Rotated ()
, , ;
, . 6.10 , . ,
. - , , D.
Rotated () . , , D.
Rotated () ,
AutoCAD :
Specify angle of dimension line <0> ( ):
( D )
, , .

. 6.10.


AutoCAD , , , DIMASSOC.
2 ( ), - 1, - 0,
172


,
, DIMASSOC 2, Object Snap ( ) , . , ,
. .
, .
. ,
,
. , . ,
AutoCAD ,
.
, , , .
, , , DIMASSOC 1. ,
, ,
. , , , . ,
.
DIMDISASSOCIATE , , .
DIMREASSOCIATE
. .
, , , DIMASSOC 0 . , .
6.11 ,
. STRETCH,
.
X Y, 6.11
( ). ,
, , .
173

AutoCAD 2006

EXPLODE,

DIMDISASSOCIATE . , , (
UNDO, ),
DIMREASSOCIATE. , (), ,
.

. 6.11. ,


Aligned Dimension ( ) Dimension (), ,
6.12. ,
,
, . Aligned
Dimension ( ) , , 6.13,
, : , :
Command (): dimaligned
Specify first extension line origin or <select object> (
< >):

174


Specify second extension line origin ( ):
Specify dimension line location or [Mtext/Text/Angle] (
[Mtext/Text/Angle]):

. 6.12. Aligned Dimension ( )


Dimension ()

. 6.13. ,


, Arc Length ( )
Dimension (), 6.14, :
Command (): dimarc
Select arc or polyline arc segment: (
:) ( )

175

AutoCAD 2006
Specify arc length dimension location, or [Mtext/Text/Angle/Partial/Leader].
( [Mtex^ext/Angle
/Partial/Leader]: ( ):

Arc Length |

. 6.74. Arc Length ( )


Dimension ()
,
, ,
: .
6.15 , . Leader () , 6.16 .

. 6.15.

. 6.16.


, Ordinate Dimension
( ) Dimension (),
6.17.
, , ,
176


, . AutoCAD X Y ,
X Y , (
). 6.18
, X
Y 0,0000, 6.19 ,
Y X 0,0000. - ,
0,0000, (
, ).
Command (): dimordinate ( [[Enter)
Specify feature location ( ): ( )

. 6.17. Ordinate Dimension ()


Dimension ()

86

J
. 6.18. Ydatum ( Y)

, 6.19. Xdatum ( X)
177
7-1211

AutoCAD 2006
Specify feature location ( )
, AutoCAD , ,
, /, ,
, .
Object Snap ( ), , Endpoint
(), Intersection (), Quadrant () Center
(), Specify feature location ( ).
, . AutoCAD:
Specify leader endpoint or [Xdatum/Ydatum/Mtext/Text/Angle] ( [Xdatum/Ydatum/Mtext/Text/Angle]): (
)
Ortho () , Ydatum ( Y) , 6.18,
Xdatum ( X), 6.19.
Ortho () ,
, , -
, . , , . (Ydatum
( Y) Xdatum ( X)) , - -
.
.
Xdatum ( X)
Ydatum ( Y), AutoCAD Xdatum (
X) Ydatum ( Y)
.


, Radius () Dimension (), 6.20.
, 6.21. ,
AutoCAD, .

178


"

ltd
i

(^
DD

Radius

KJ

1 ! \

. 6.20. Radius ()
Dimension ()

. 6.21.
Radius Dimension () ,
,
, :
Command (): dimradius ( ^^)
Select arc or circle ( ): ( )
Specify dimension line location or [Mtext/Text/Angle] (
[Mtext/Text/Angle]): (

)

2
,
Jogged () Dimension (),
6.22. , -
179

AutoCAD 2006
. , ,
6.23, ,
.
Command (): Jogged ()
Select arc or circle: ( )
Specify center location override: (
)
Specify dimension line location or [Mtext/Text/Angle]: ( [Mtex^ext/Angle]:

. 6.22. Jogged ()
Dimension ()

. 6.23.


, Diameter () Dimension (), 6.24. ,
180


AutoCAD,
.
Diameter Dimension () ,
6.25, , ,
:
Command (): dimdiameter ( <^\)
Select arc or circle ( ): (
)
Specify dimension line location or [Mtex^ext/Angle] (
[Mtex^ext/Angle]): (
)

~| Diameter \

. 6.24. Diameter ()
Dimension ()

. 6.25.

&
, Angular Dimension
( ) Dimension (), 6.26.
181

AutoCAD 2006
(, ,
), , ( )
( ).

. 6.26. Angular Dimension


( )
.
- , 6.27,
AutoCAD
, , : / / . ,
, .
AutoCAD:
Specify dimension arc line location or [Mtex^ext/Angle] (
[11]): (

)

. 6.27.

182


, 6.28, AutoCAD :
Select second line ( ): ( )

. 6.2.
AutoCAD
//. , 180 .
,
AutoCAD . AutoCAD :
Specify dimension arc line location or [MtexLText/Angle] (
[Mtex^ext/Angle]): (

)
AutoCAD
.
,
, AutoCAD .
, 6.29:
Command (): dimangular ( IjEntei
Select arc, circle, line or <specify vertex> ( , , < >): ( \)
Specify angle vertex ( ): ( 1)
Specify first angle endpoint ( ): ( 2)
183

AutoCAD 2006
Specify second angle endpoint ( ):
( 3)
Specify dimension arc line location or [Mtext/Text/Angle] (
[Mtex^ext/Angle]): (

)


. 6.29.


. -,
, . -, , . -, , .
AutoCAD , .. 2" 4" , 2" 4" .
- ,
AutoCAD, , .

:


() = 0,3800";

() = 0,1800";

() = 1,800";

184


(D) = 0,0625";
= 0,1800";
;
;
- 4 ;
.

. , ,
24" 36" ,
(8 1/2" 11"), .
, 6" 9" .
8 1/2" ". ,
PLOT ().
, .
3/16", , 1/16".
,
,
,
, DIMSCALE ( ). ,
4 , DIMSCALE ( )
4, :
Command (): dimscale
Enter new value for DIMSCALE <1.0000> (
DIMSCALE <1.0000>): 4
,
, 1/4" = -0", 1:48, DIMSCALE (
) 48. ,
3/16" (, ,
DIMSCALE ( ) 1,0),
, 1:48, DIMSCALE ( ) 48, 3/16".

185

AutoCAD 2006
DIMSCALE (
)
. . 33", ,
, , 33.00 (
), DIMSCALE ( ). 3/16"
DIMSCALE ( ) 48,
, 9" (3/16" 48), 3/16" 1/4"=1'-0".
,
Command ():
Modify Dimension Style (
), Dimension Style Manager ( ).


Inquiry

;fifc JJ8&
. 6.30. Area ()
Inquiry ()
AREA (
) , , , .
, AutoCAD , .
AREA Inquiry (), AutoCAD :
Command (): area
Specify first corner point or [Object/Add/Subtract] ( [Object/Add/Subtract]): (
)

186


.
, , , , Object ().
Object (),
6.31:
Command (): area
Specify first corner point or [Object/Add/Subtract] ( [Object/Add/Subtract]): ( [[Enter])
Select Objects ( ): ( ,
6.31)

. 6.31.
Object () AREA
Add () ,
; Subtract
(), .
Add () Subtract
(). :
Command (): area
Specify first corner point or [Object/Add/Subtract] ( [Object/Add/Subtract]): (
Specify first corner point or [Object/Subtract] (
[Object/Subtract]): ( [
(ADD mode) Select Objects (( ) ):
( , 6.32)
Area () = 622.04, Length () = 96.8573
187

AutoCAD 2006
Total Area ( ) =622.04
(ADD mode) Select Objects (( ) ):
Specify first corner point or [Object/Add/Subtract] ( [Object/Add/Subtract]): s ( [[Enter] j
Specify first corner point or [Object/Add] (
[Object/Add]): ( li E n t e r lj
(SUBTRACT mode) Select Objects (( )
): ( , 6.32)
Area () = 23.6976, Circumference ( ) = 17.2567
Total Area ( ) = 598.3224
(SUBTRACT mode) Select Objects (( )
): ( , 6.32)
Area () = 80.7504, Circumference ( ) = 31.8550
Total Area ( ) = 517.5920
(SUBTRACT mode) Select Objects (( )
): ( , 6.32)
Area () = 49.5131, Circumference ( ) = 24.9439
Total Area ( ) = 468.0789
(SUBTRACT mode) Select Objects (( )
): ( D, 6.32)
Area () = 39.0618, Circumference ( ) = 22.1555
Total Area ( ) = 429.0171
(SUBTRACT mode) Select Objects
): ( )

((

Specify first corner point or [Object/Add] (


[Object/Add]): (

188

[(ADO(iiode)seiel( objects:]

. 6.32. Add ()
Subtract () AREA ()

189

7.



,
. AutoCAD
, ,
, ; , ,
1:1.


7.1
, , .
( 3 Fto Edit Wiew Insert Format Tods Qrwv Dimension (jodfy Wtow tjrip Eyye-.s
C)

3S4ro7tf<0X 1.7236420)3.0

J 5 ' 1

SWAP GRID ORIHO POUB | l b W 101 HACK [Fffl fwt|MODEL

. 7.1. ,

7.2 Layout () , ,
, , .


,
, , , .
ft* Bov* Insert Fo/mat loots raw Dtnerjston * ivhdow

D <| H & 9 0; =4 a ft i ? ! - > :< Qt, a?


Bliwi

*and: <5vitching to: Iayoutl>


toring cached viewports - Regenerating layout
i.fHD . TOUR |03NAp|miWk [PVM [UvT 1 PAPER

Puc. 7.2. ,
,

#
AutoCAD ,
: .
,
. 1:1 ,
, , ,
, .
- , ( ) , . ,
.

191

AutoCAD 2006

,
( acad.dwt
)
- Layouti (1) Layout2
(2). (, ,
, , ANSI B-Named Plot Styles.dwt,
ANSI Title Block 11x17.)
,
acad.dwt, 11
8,5 10,5
8 , .
7.1 7.2 , ,
, Model ()
() Layouti (1) (). Layouti (1)
: , ,
, . , .
7.3 , , .

. 7.3. Layout ()

192


, , . Page
Setup Manager ( ).
.


,
. , ,
, , , . , ,
, , .

. 7.4 . ANSI-A A Title Block Layout

193

AutoCAD 2006
, , 7.1,
, ( ANSI Color Dependent Plot Style)
.
, ANSI A Title Block, 7.4 .
( Model ()
) ,
ANSI A Title Block Layout, ,
7.4 . 1:1. ,
/ .
,
, .
(
Model ().) ,
, 7.4 .

/tTWSMoi

JL
. 7.4 .

194


, , , ,
7.5. , - ,
, . AutoCAD, ,
MOVE (), COPY (), STRETCH (), SCALE
() ERASE () . ,
MOVE () , .
. ,
, , .

"

. 7.5.

195

AutoCAD 2006

faSoma & (&



.
. , , .
, ,
, .
, AutoCAD
.
, , .
,
. , , .
, , .


7.2 . , -
. . / ,
.
Window () . 7.6 ,
,
/ . ERASE () .

196

ATVKITJ

. 7.6.
Window ()



. , .
.
,
,
. , , .
,
.

197

AutoCAD 2006

&
Viewports
13

! Scale to fit

[Single Viewport |

. 7.7. Single Viewport ( )


Viewports ( )
Single
Viewport ( ) Viewports (
).

. 7.8.
AutoCAD
, 7.8, . AutoCAD :
Specify corner of viewport or [ON/OFF/Fit/Shaded/Lock/Object/Polygonal/Restore/ 2/3/4] <Fit>: ( )

198


Specify opposite corner: (
)

&
_xj

Viewports

'gg!J [Scaletofit

[Polygonal Viewport |

. 7.9. Polygonal Viewport ( )


Viewports ( )
Polygonal Viewport ( ), 7.9, .
AutoCAD :
Specify corner of viewport or
nal/Restore/ 2/3/4] <Fit>: _p

[ON/OFF/Fit/Shaded/Lock/Object/Polygo-

Specify start point: (


)
Specify next point or [Arc/Length/Undo]: (
)
Arc () .
Length () , .
, AutoCAD
.
Undo ()
.

& \&\
Viewports

x|

ifScaletofit

[Convert Object to Viewport]

. 7.10. Convert object to Viewport


( )
Viewports ( )

199

AutoCAD 2006
AutoCAD , , , .
. , ,
. AutoCAD :
Select object to clip viewport: ( )

&
211

Viewports

I Scale to fit
psplay Viewports Dialog |

. 7.11. Display Viewports Dialog


( )
Viewports ( )
,
Viewports ( ), Display Viewports
Dialog ( ) Layouts
(), 7.11. AutoCAD . ,
, Standard viewports ( ). Preview ( )
. Setup () 2D (2) 3D () . 2D (2) ,

. 3D (),
-. Preview ( ) , ,
, .
Change view to ( )
, . ,
3D (), .. Preview ( )
. , , ; :

200


Specify first corner or [Fit] <Fit>: ( ,
, Fit
(),
)
Specify opposite corner: ( , )
Viewports ( ), 7.12,
.
,
.
, 7.13.
fM Viewports
NewViewports (NamedViewports;
Current name:

"Active Model Configuration"


Preview

Standard viewports:Shgte
Two: Vertical
Two: Horizontal
Three: Right
Three: Left
Three: Above
Three: Below
Three: Vertical
Thtee: Horizontal
Four: Equal

Viewport Spacing:

Setup:
! 2D

Change view to:


v

"Cuirenf

OK

Cancel

Help

. 7.12. Viewports ( )

201

AutoCAD 2006

" I

. 7.13.


,
, .
, , , .
7.14 , /
STRETCH () MOVE ()
, .
.
,
VPCLIP ( ),
, VPMAX ( ).
, Display Viewport Objects ( ), ,
202

. 7.74.


VPCLIP ( ) , , 7.15. AutoCAD ,
, .
,
. AutoCAD :
Select viewport to clip: ( ,
)
Select clipping object or [Polygonal/Delete] <Polygonal>: (

)

203

AutoCAD 2006
Viewports

I Scale to fit
|

I Clip existing viewport |

. 7.15. Clip Existing Viewport


( )
Viewports ( )

, AutoCAD
, . , : , , , .
Polygonal () . , ,
.
Delete () . , .
, .


&
Maximize Viewport ( ) ( , , 7.16) , . . ,
Minimize Viewport ( ).
, Status ().

204


P.epeat Copy
Recent Input
Maximize viewport
iewport Clip
display Viewport Objects
Display Locked
Shade plot
CTRL+X

| B Copy

CTRL+C

Copy with Base Point

CTRL+SHIFT+C
CTRL+V

> Paste

CTRL+SHIFT+V

Paste as Block
Pte to Cngprucqwj
Jt. E S =
|4 Move
5

Selection

Scale

State
:

Draw Order
Deselect All
Uuick Select...
!

QuickCalc

kend...

j^Propertiei

PMC. 7.76. Maximize Viewport ( )




Display Viewport Objects ( ),
,
. Off (.),
.
On (.) AutoCAD
, , - .


Display Locked ( ),
,
.
205

AutoCAD 2006


no
AutoCAD ,
.
,
. 1:1. 3/16"

3/32" .V-0"
3/8" = V-0"

Scale to fit
.
1:1
1:2

1:4
1:8
1:10
() ZOOM
1:16
(), 1:20
1:30
. , 1/24
1:40
0,04167 (1/24 = 0,01467) 1:50
1:100
ZOOM (2:1
)
4:1
1/2" = ", 8:1
1:24 1/24. 10:1

100:1
1/128" = I'-O"
, 1/64" = 1'-0"
Viewport Scale
1/32" = V-0"
Control ( ) 3/32" -V-0"
Viewports ( ),
1/8" - V-0"
3/16" -V-0"
7.17.
,
.

, ,
0,5 Viewport Scale
Control (

206

Viewports

1/4"-V-0"
3/8" = V-0"
1/2" = V-0"

3/16" = V-0'|

jv

. 7.17. Viewport
Scale Control (
)

Viewports ( )


) Viewports ( ) 1:2 . AutoCAD 6" = ,
. ;
, 7.18.

. 7.18. ,



, ,
Center () ZOOM (), . .
Y , .
( ),
,
.
207

AutoCAD 2006


, ,
.
Viewports ( ) ( Viewports ( ) ), , 7.19.

. 7.19.
Viewports ( )
,
. , , 7.20.

208

. 7.20.


, , - ,
7.21. ( ) , .

1

. 7.21.

209
8-1211

AutoCAD 2006


,
, . . .
. , , 2D- -,
3D-rpaHH . Block References
( ), X Y.

HATCH ()
AutoCAD HATCH
(). 2 : , ,
.

. 7.22. HATCH ()
Draw ()
HATCH HATCH.
Autocad,
, ,
.
.
( ) AutoCAD
Boundary Hatch and Fill (/ ),
7.23.
210


Hatch and Gradient ( ) , , . : Hatch () Gradient
().
Hatch and Gradient
Boundaries
I | Type and pattern
Predefined

i :

Add: Pick points

|[

Add Select objects

[GRATE

, Pattern:
\ Swatch:
; Cuitocn pattern
: Angle and scale

Scale:

Anflle:

i*

Options

' m

Relative to papei space

_
jj

D Create separate hatches

Draw order:
[Send behind boundary

I j

Hatch origiri

vj

r Z l Inherit Properties

Use cirent origin


Specified origin
i 4<j! Click io set n
=

Cancel

Help

Puc. 7.23. Hatch and Gradient ( )


Hatch ()

&
Hatch () , .
() :
Predefined (), User-defined ( ), Custom ().

211

AutoCAD 2006

Predefined ()
Predefined (), acad.pat.
, , Pattern ().
Hatch Pattern Palette ( ), 7.24.
, . ,
- , . ANSI (ANSI)
ISO (ISO) ANSI ISO ,
AutoCAD. Other Predefined (
) , ANSI (ANSI)
ISO (ISO), AutoCAD. Custom () , -
.pat.
Swatch () Hatch and Gradient ( ).
Scale () Angle () . 0 () X
, Swatch ().
1, - 0 .
Hatch Pattern Palette
I ANSI

||S0

;[ Othet Ptedefined Cusla

ANSI31

ANSI32

ANSI33

ANSI34

ANSI35

ANSI36

ANEI37

ANSI38

I ,.,.; ...... ...


OK

Cancel

Help

. 7.24. Hatch Pattern Palette ( )


ANSI
212



Solid the pattern ( ). ; , , , , .
ISO pen width ( ISO) ISO (ISO) . , ISO (ISO).
Relative to paper space ( )
. Layout ().
User-defhed ( )
User-defined ( )
, .
(
90 ) .
Spacing () Angle
(). ,
90 ,
Double () On (.).
Custom ()
Custom (), Custom Pattern ( )
.pat, acad.pat.
, Custom Pattern ( ).


Gradient () Hatch and Gradient ( ) , .
One color ( ) , .
One color ( ) ,
7.25, AutoCAD
Shade () Tint (). ; Shade () Tint ()
( )
( ) , .
213

AutoCAD 2006
Two color ( ) ,
. Two color ( )
AutoCAD 1 2. .
Centered ( ) ,
.
, . ,
, , .
Angle () . 0 360 ; . , .
S3 Hatch and Gradient
Boundaries
Color
f i n e color

|j|f| Add Pick points


J j color
[! Add: Select objects
Shade

Tint

Options

|
j

0 Associative
Create separate hatches
Draa order:
j S end behind boundary

Orientation
0 Centered

|
Angle: 10

%I

CJj| Inherit Properties

Cancel

Help

. 7.25. Hatch and Gradient ( )


Gradient ()

214

\$
AutoCAD ,
: Pick Points ( ) Select Objects ( ).
Pick Points ( )
Pick Points ( ) , . Pick Points ( ) Boundaries (), , Normal ()
' Flood ().
, . Pick Points (
), , AutoCAD
:
Select internal point: ( , )
Select interricil point: ( , ],
, |iriter|, )
7.26
.

| Pick interm

. 7.26.
Select Objects ( )
Select Objects ( )
. , Select
Objects ( ) Boundaries (), AutoCAD :

215

AutoCAD 2006
Select objects: ( JEnterj, )
Select Objects ( )
, , AutoCAD , .
, / ,
AutoCAD ,
. AutoCAD
, , 7.27. Ignore ()
, ,
.

[specify opposite corner; |

. 7.27.

,
Boundaries () , Remove Boundaries ( ).
Recreate Boundaries ( )
,
. View Selections (
)
, . , .
,
, Remove Islands ( ). AutoCAD , .
.
216


,
Preview ( ). AutoCAD
. ttEscl. . ,
.
, , , ,
, Cancel (), .

Options () Associative () ,
.
Create separate hatches ( )
,
.
Draw order ( )
: , , , .

&
Hatch Origin ( ) , , Specified origin
( ). Click to set new origin (
) Hatch and Gradient ( ) .
Default to boundary extents ( )
, ,
: , , , ,
. .
Store as default origin (
) Hatch ().

217

AutoCAD 2006


7.28 Hatch and Gradient ( )
Advanced ().
Hatch and Gradient
j Hatch [GiarJentj
j

Add: Pick pointt

Type id pattern

: :

Eattem:

Add: Select objects

[ANGLE
Remove bounties

Swatch

Outer

Cu"tW|) psfier:"!:

Olone

Q Retain boundaries

Scale:
Oplionj

Object type:

:i

[ 2 Associative
G Relative to paper space

i lip. wn :
Hatch oti&n
i Use currenj origin
ft; Sperfied origin

Oiaw older
Send behind boundary

Gap tolerance
Tolerance:

Inher Properties

Inherit option;
0 Use current origin
: Use source hatch origin

\~3z\ Click to set new orgin


Default to boundary extents

Puc. 7,28. Hatch and Gradient ( )


Advanced () Hatch and Gradient ( ) , AutoCAD , .
Island detection style ( ) ,

. .
: Normal (), Outer (),
Ignore (). Normal () AutoCAD
, .
Outer () .
Ignore () AutoCAD , , , ,
, .
218


Object Retention ( ) , , . Retain
boundaries ( ) Object type ( ) ,
, .
, ,
.
Boundary set ( )
( ), AutoCAD .
Pick Points ( ),
. ,
Pick Points ( ) ,
AutoCAD , .
, New () Boundary
set ( ); AutoCAD
, ,
. AutoCAD
, ; .
Island detection method ( ) , ( ),
, . Flood (),
. , Island detection style ( ): Normal (), Outer () Ignore (). Ray casting ( ), AutoCAD
.
,
.
Gap tolerance ( ) , , .
Gap tolerance ( ) 0 5000,
, , . ,
, ,
. , 0, ,
.

219

AutoCAD 2006
Inherit options ( ) ,
, .



AutoCAD ,
. ,
, .


( ) ,
7.30. Baseline dimension ( ) (. 7.29), .
AutoCAD
, . , Select () Specify a second extension line origin or [Undo/Select>]:.

- / -

--

"\ Baseline

. 7.29. Baseline Dimensioning ( )


Dimension ()

220


46
39
14

. 7.30.
( ,
) , . ,
. AutoCAD /
( ) /.
/ ,
D1MDLI ( ).
DIMBASELINE ( ) AutoCAD
:
Command: dimbaseline
Specify a second extension line origin or [Undo/Select>]: (
)
,
AutoCAD ,
. ,
LINE (), Baseline Dimension ( ) .
, ] () .


;
. . , 7.32, Aligned dimensioning ( ). ,
221

AutoCAD 2006
Continue ( ), 7.31,
, D, , .
AutoCAD :
Command: dimcontinue
Specify a second extension line origin or [Undo/Select>]: ( )
Dimension text = ( )
...( D, , ,

. 7.31. Continue ( )
Dimension ()

,6,

10 ,

,8

. 7.32.


QDIM ( )
, 7.33. , 7.34, Quick Dimension ( )
222


. QDIM ( ) AutoCAD :
Command: qdim
Select geometry to dimension: (

Irtnirt
Hi!
Quick Dimension
|

. 7.33. Quick Dimensioning ()


Dimension ()

in

. 7.34.
() , .
Specify dimension line position, or [Continuous/Staggered/Baseline/Ordinate/
Radius/ Diameter/datum Point/Edit] <Continuous>: (
)


QLEADER ( ) ,
, 7.35.
223

AutoCAD 2006
QLEADER ( ) ,
() ,
( ), .
QLEADER ( ) AutoCAD :
Command: qleader
Specify the first leader point, or <Settings>: ( ),
Leader Settings ( ))
Specify next point: ( ,
)
Specify text width <0.0000>: (
)

Enter first line of annotation text <Mtext>: (


,
Multiline Text Editor ( ))
Enter next line of annotation text: (
\ QLEADER (
))

Quick Leader

A1

. 7.35. QLEADER ( )
Dimension ()
, ,
, . , .
Settings ()
, AutoCAD Leader
224


Settings ( ), ,
, , , .


DIMCENTER ( ) (. 7.36) , ,
7.37.
'1

"

Center Mark

. 7.36. DIMCENTER ( )
Dimension ()

0
. 7.37.
DIMCENTER ( ) AutoCAD :
Command: dimcenter
Select arc or circle: ( )
, AutoCAD
DIMCEN.

225

AutoCAD 2006


Feature
Control Frame ( ), . , , , . ,
, , .
Geometric Tolerance ( ), 7.38,
AutoCAD Geometric Tolerance (
), ,
.

. 7.38. Geometric Tolerance ( )


Dimension ()

)'(^()& )
DIMEDIT ( ), 7.39,
,
, , ,
, .. , .
, ( ) ( Oblique ()). DIMEDIT (
) AutoCAD :
Command: dimedit
Enter type of dimension editing [Home/New/Rotate/Oblique]<Home>: ( iJEnter], Home (), )

226

Dimension Edit

. 7.39. DIMEDIT ( )
Dimension (
() . AutoCAD :
Select objects: ( pmeTj)
New ()
. AutoCAD Multiline Text Editor ( ), .
AutoCAD :
Select objects: (
)

Rotate () . AutoCAD :
Specify angle for dimension text: ( )
Select objects: ( ,
)
Oblique ()
. ,
, . , . AutoCAD :
Select objects: (. )
Enter obliquing angle (press enter for none): (
\)

227

AutoCAD 2006

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DIMTEDIT ( ), 7.40, ( Left ()/1 (BnpaBo)/Center ()/ ()),
(
Rotate ()). DIMTEDIT ( ) AutoCAD :
Command: dimtedit
Select dimension: ( )

Dimension Text Edit

. 7.40. DIMTEDIT ( )
Dimension ()
, . :
Specify new location for dimension text or [Left/Right/Center/Home/Angle]:
(
)
AutoCAD
,
.
Center ()
.
Left ()
.
Right () .
() .

228


Angle () .
AutoCAD :
Specify angle for dimension text: ( )
.

( )
DIMENSION UPDATE ( ),
7.41,
.

Dimension Update
. 7.41. DIMENSION UPDATE ( )
Dimension ()

( )
Dimension Style ( ), 7.42, , .

Dimension Style.,, j
. 7.42. DIMENSION STYLE ( )
Dimension ()

229

AutoCAD 2006


Model (),
PLOT (), 7.43.
Plot (), 7.44.
File

Edit

View

I ByLayer

Insert

Format

Tools

[Plot... CTRL+P j -

Dr.

Byl

Puc. 7.43. PLOT ()


Standard ()
1\ -Model
i i Learn about: Plotting
Page setup '
Name:

V;

<None>

Add...

Printer/plotter

Natne:

**2!^

Plotter:

None

Where:

Not applicable

Description: The layout will not be plotted unless a new plotter


configuration name is selected.

- Paper sije

Number of copies

150 A4 (210.00 x 297 M MM)

jg ;

Plot area

: Plot scale

What to plot:
[Display

E l f * to paper
v

Scale:

Plot offset (origin set to printable atea)


X: U1.S5

Center the plot

-13.6S

OK

Cancel

Help

. 7.44. Plot ()

230


Plot () Page Setup
( ), Name (), Page setup ( ).
,
. , ,
, .
,
7.45.
i | Learn about Plotting
Page setup
Name:

- -

Plot style table (pen assignments}

f<None>

Addt..

Printey/plcJter

I None

Y.I/S

Shaded viewport options

Plotter:

None

Where:

Not applicable

Description: The layout will not be plotted unless a new plotter


configuration name is selected.

Shade plot

As displayed

Quality

Normal

Pk< options

Paper se

Pic* in background

Number or copies
0 with plot style*

jlSO M (210.00 x 297.00 MM)

t.

Plot scale

Plot area
What to plot:
[Display

. EH Plot stamp on

Scale: [custom

Plot offset (origin set to printable area)


[ 11.55

0 Fit to paper

"]rm

D Center the plot

Sa*e changes to layout

Drawing orientation
Portrait
Landscape

Ptotupskteidown

. 7.45. Plot ()

'
Page Setup ( ) .
-
, Add (), , Plot ().

231

AutoCAD 2006

frinter/flotter (/)
Printer/Plotter (/)
. Name ()
/ -,
. Plotter ( ) ,
. Where () , , .
Properties ()
Plotter Configuration ( )
. Description ()
.
Plot to file ( ),
, .
Plot () Plot to file (
), .
Partial Preview ( )
.

faper Size ()
Paper Size () . , , . ( X)
( Y).
Add-a-Plotter
( ).

Numbers of Copies ( )
Number of Copies ( ) . , .

ftoX Area ( )
What to Plot ( ) Plot
Area ( ) ,
:

232


Display () - , ;
Limits () -
PLOT () Model () , , ;
Layout () - PLOT () ,
, ;
Extents () - , ;
View () - , VIEW (). . , ;
Window () -
, .
.

flof Scale ()
Plot Scale ( )
. Fit to paper (),
,
. ,
Fit to paper () Scale ().
, ,
(), , .
1:1 ( ).
,
, Scale lineweights ( ). . , , , .

ftot Offset ( )
Plot Offset ( )
. ,
233

AutoCAD 2006
. . ,
Center the plot ().

Plot () ,
.

flot Style fable (fen Assignment)


(" )
Plot Style Table (Pen Assignment) ( )
, .
,
. - , , . , ,
, , ,
, .
, . , Model () , . New (),
Add Plot Style ( ), . Edit (). , ,
, .

Shaded Viewport Options


(3 )
Shaded Viewport Options ( )
dpi ( ):

Shade Plot ( ) ,
, Properties ()
;

234


Quality () , . Draft ()
. Preview () , 150 . Normal () ,
300 . Presentation (),
,
, , , 600 .
Maximum ()
, ,
- . Custom ()
DPI (/), .

Plot Options ( )
Plot Options ( ) , , :
Plot in background ( ) ;
Plot object lineweights ( ) .
,
;
Plot with a plot styles ( ) , ;
Plot paperspace last ( )
;
Hide paper space object ( ) ;

235

AutoCAD 2006
Plot stamp on ( .)
;
Save changes to layout ( )
, Plot (), .

Vravi Orientation ( )
Draw Orientation ( )
, ,
:
Portrait ()
;
Landscape () ;
Plot upside-down () 180 .

,

,
.
, Preview
( ). AutoCAD Plot (), ,
, ,
, 7.46.
+ -.
.
.
: Pan (), Zoom (), Zoom Window ( ), Zoom Original ( ), Plot () Exit
().
Plot (), Exit ().
236

button and drag vertical to 200m. ESC a ENTER 10 exit, a rk^t-efck to display shortcui

. 7.46. ,
Plot Preview ( ) File ().

. AutoCAD

.
- , - ,
Cancel ().

237

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