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Test solutions acids and bases with litmus paper and Natural Indicators A.

TITLE Identifying the nature of acid and alkaline solutions with various indicators. B. BASIC THEORY 1. Identifying acid and base by using natural indicators

Acid-base Indicator

a. Acid-base indicator of natural materials


Acid-base indicators are substances that can show colors different colors in acidic solution and the solution is alkaline. Indicators such as litmus red in acidic solution and blue in alkaline solution. Various types of dyes obtained from plants can also be used as acid-base indicator, such as a crown of flowers (hibiscus, bogenvil, roses, etc.), turmeric and bits. The dye of the materials of different member change in acid and alkaline solution. Litmus papers and acid-base indicators are synthetic indicators, meaning those indicators are made of chemicals. Besides synthetic indicators, you can also identify acidic and alkali solutions by using natural indicators. These indicators are made of spices, flowers, and fruits. Note : natural indicators such as hydrangea, turmeric, and red cabbage. In order to be used as indicators, the natural substances must be made in solution by extracting them. Then, acid-base solutions are dropped into the natural indicators. Each natural indicator will show different color change.

b. Route changes in color of acid-base indicator


Bagaimanakh color indicator in a solution brsifat litmus neutral, whether the color is changed abruptly at a pH of about 7? it turns out, the indicator color changes gradually (gradually). Indicator red litmus in aqueous solution has a pH range of 5.5 and minus from blue in solution with a pH greater than 8.0. In the solution pH between 5.5 to 8.0, the color is a combination of the two colors, namely purple and then changed to blue. The limits of pH indicator changes color when we call the route changes that indicator. Thus, the route is the litmus color changes from 5.5 to 8.0.

Table of Route table color change of some indicators

Indicator Methyl Orange Red Metal Bromtimol Blue Phenolphthalein

Route changes color 2,9 4,2 6,0 8,3 4,0 6,3 7,6 10,0

Change color Red - yellow Red-yellow Yellow - blue No-red colored

c Determine the pH by using several indicators Single indicator, such as litmus paper or phenolphthalein, can digun going to distinguish the acidic solution from the solution of which is bass, but was not able to determine the pH. Such indicators do not show a significant color change at a certain pH limits. Litmus paper, for example, red in the solution pH to 5.5. That is not to distinguish litmus solution having a pH 1 of a solution with a pH of 2, or with a pH 2 of the solution at pH 3, and so on. Because each indicator has a different trajectory color change, then the pH of the solution can be determined (estimated) with a combination of several indicators. C. TOOLS AND MATERIALS Tools: a. Plate drops b. Pipette drops c. Mortar and pestle d. Test-tube Materials: a. Sample solution A, B, C, and D

b. Colored flowers c. Red and blue litmus paper D.


WORK METHOD

1. test solution of acids and bases with litmus paper a. Drop 5-10 drops to sample solution A, B, C, and D into the plate drops b. Test each solution red and blue with litmus paper. c. Observe and record changes. 2. Test a solution of acid and base with a variety of indicators a. Take 2 pieces of red flowers crown with 5 ml of distilled water in a porcelain
mortar. Filter and enter into 2 test tubes each 1 mL.

b. Insert 5 drops of sulfuric acid into the first test tube and 5 drops of NaOH into
the second test tube. Shake the test tube, observe and record the result.

c. Repeat the above experiment with the color of other flowers and turmeric. E. OBSERVATION RESULT
Activity 1

Solution A B C D Activity 2

Red litmus Blue Red Blue Red

Blue litmus Blue Red Blue Red

Solution properties Base Acid Base Acid

Test Material 1. The color of concentrate 2. The color of concentrate+acid solution 3. The color of concentrate+base solution

Arbei Purple Red Brown

Kamboja Transparent Pink yellow

F. ANALYSIS 1.
B: Acid Explanation: Solution A and solutin C are base because when they are tested by red litmus papaer, litmus paper changes into blue. However, when they are tested wieh blue litmus paper, litmus paper does not change any color. Solutin B and solution D are acid because when they are tested by red litmus paper, litmus paper does not change any color. However, when they are tested by blue litmus paper, litmus paper changes into red. Litmus paper can change the color because litmus paper as an indicator for acids and bases. Acid solution, if the litmus paper is red, while a solution is base if litmus paper is blue. What is the characteristic of the sample solution A, B, C, and D? C: Base D: Acid A: Base

2.

Which one nature indicator can be use as good indicator acis and base?

Explain! Kamboja flower is good acid indicator meanwhile curcumint and arbei flower are good base indicator because show significant differences G. CONCLUSSION Acid and alkaline solution test with litmus paper and a natural indicator give will be a different color in acid and alkaline solution. H. REFERENCE Purba, Michael. 2007. Kimia untuk Kelas XI Semester 2. Jakarta: Erlangga.

TEST SOLUTION OF ACIDS AND BASES WITH VARIOUS INDICATORS A. TITLE

1. Identifying the nature of acid and alkaline solutions with various indicators. 2. Estimating the pH of an electrolyte solution that is not recognized by
observation of the indicator color.

B.

BASIC THEORY Acid and base compound can be identified safely by using indicators indicators are color substances which show different colors in acidic and basic conditions. Common indicators are litmus papers, acid and base solution indicators, and natural indicators. 1. Identifying acid and base by using litmus paper Acid-base compounds can be identified by using litmus paper. We can observe the changing of litmus paper colors when it reacts with the solution. There are two kinds of litmus paper : red litmus and blue litmus turn into blue. Note : acid solution can make the blue litmus turn into red while base solution make red litmus turn into blue. Red litmus paper which is put into acidic solution will remain red. If the paper is put into basic solution (alkali), it will turn into blue. Conversely, if blue litmus is put into acidic solution, it will turn into red, while if it is put into basic solution, it will remain blue. 2. Identifying acid and base by using acid-base indicators Besides litmus papers, we can also use acid-base indicator solution to differentiate acids from bases. Acid-base indicator solution is a chemical substance which shows different colors in acidic and base solution . The characteristic is used to identify acidic and basic properties. There are kinds of acid and base indicators, such as phenolphthalein, methyl orange, bromothymol blue, methyl purple, bromocresol purple, phenol red, thymolftalein, and methyl red. If we drop acid and base solution into indicators solution, we will see color change in the indicators solution. What are the color changes shown by the indicators in acid and base solutions ? look at the following table.

Color Shown Acid-Base Indicators phenolphthalein methyl orange bromothymol blue methyl purple Bromocresol purple phenol red thymolftalein methyl red Acidic Solution Transparent Red Yellow Purple Yellow Yellow Transparent red Pink Yellow Blue Green Purple Red Blue yellow Basic solution (alkali)

C.

TOOLS AND MATERIALS Tools:

a. Plate drops b.
Pippete drops

c. Test tube
Materials:

a. Sample solution A, B, C, and D. b. Indicatior solution MO, MR, BTB, and PP D.


WORK METHOD

1. Preparing clean and dry drop plate. 2. Take 5-10 drops of sample solution A, B, C, and D. Then test them with
indicator solution MO, MR, BTB, and PP.

3. Determine pH of each solution based on pH table and write the result! E.


OBSERVATION RESULT No. 1. 2. 3. 4. ANALYSIS Answer: A: 7,6pH8,3 Sample solution A B C D MO Yellow Red Yellow Red Trayek pH warna MR Yellow Red Yellow Red BTB Blue Yellow Blue Yellow PP Colorless Colorless Colorless Colorless pH 7,6pH8,3 pH2,9 7,6pH8,3 pH2,9

F.

Based on color change that occurs, determine the range of pH of each solution!

B: pH2,9 C: 7,6pH8,3 D: pH2,9 G. CONCLUTION Solution of B and solution of D are acid solution Solution of A and solution of C are base solution

In this experiment, we are using some indicator, they are methyl red (MR), methyl orange (MO), bromthymol blue (BTB), and phenolptalein (PP). Each indicator have different pH interval as below. Methyl Red

Type: InH+ + H2O In + H3O+ pK: 5.00 Approximate pH range for color change: 4.2-6.3 Color of acid form: red Color of base form: yellow Methyl Orange

Type: InH+ + H2O In + H3O+ pK: 3.46 Approximate pH range for color change: 2.9-4.0 Color of acid form: red Color of base form: orange-yellow Bromothymol Blue

Also known as: 3',3''-dibromothymolsulfonephtalein Type: HIn + H2O In- + H3O+ pK: 7.30 Approximate pH range for color change: 6.0-7.6 Color of acid form: yellow Color of base form: blue Phenolphthalein

Type: HIn + H2O In- + H3O+ pK: 9.5 Approximate pH range for color change: 8.3-10.0 Color of acid form: clear Color of base form: red-violet