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NPSH Calculator

Author: Dimitrii Pokrovskii


dimitrii@engineering-bear.com www.engineering-bear.com
Nov. 16th, 2007, Brought to you by www.azpiping.com with permittance from Author
1 - Start 2
Pump Operating Parameters System Inlet Height Configur
Open System:

Fluid Temperature (through the pump): (32 - 212 F) 45 deg. F


Total Pump Volumetric Flow Rate: 0 gpm liquid level
14.7 PSI
Atmospheroc Pressure: (can't change)
33.96 ft. Water
Fluid Vapor Pressure: 0.75 (ft. Water)

Surface Pressure
Water Vapor Pressure Reference Table 0
Water Temp. Vapor Pressure
(Deg. F) (ft. Water)
80 1
100 2 liquid level
120 4
140 7
180 18
200 28
212 33.96

Water Vapor Pres. @ Sea Level


35
Vapor Pres.(ft. Water)

30
25
20
15
10
5
0
75 100 125 150 175 200 225
Temperature Deg. F
Each sub system is defined by a fitting that either
changes the pipe size or a Tee that combines or
from Author separates flow.

2 3-
Inlet Height Configuration System Piping Configuration
1 Pipe Type Schedule 40
Pipe Size (Nominal) 1
Pipe Length 0
Flow Rate 0
(Positive) Height
h Fittings Qt. Eq. Length
90 Ells 0 20
45 Ell 0 16
inlet
Globe Valve 0 340
Angle Valve 0 150
Surface Pressure Ball Valve 0 8
PSIG BF-Valve 0 29.9
Ck-Valve 0 55
inlet Stand. Tee - flow through run 0 20
-h Stand. Tee - flow through branch 0 60
(Negative) Height - 0 0
Total Eq. Length

(Optional)
4 Pipe Type Schedule 40
Pipe Size (Nominal) 1
Static Head Pipe Length 0
Height: 0 ft. Flow Rate 0

Fittings Qt. Eq. Length


90 Ells 0 20
45 Ell 0 16
Globe Valve 0 340
Angle Valve 0 150
Ball Valve 0 8
BF-Valve 0 29.9
Ck-Valve 0 55
Stand. Tee - flow through run 0 20
Stand. Tee - flow through branch 0 60
- 0 0
Total Eq. Length
Design Calculator - Do not Edit Values Here

Total
Fitting Nominal
Eq. L Pipe Length (ft.) Diam. ID (inch)
NA NA 1 1.05
NA NA 2 2.07
NA NA 3 3.07
NA NA 4 4.03
Ref. NA NA 5 5.05
NA NA 6 6.07
NA NA 8 8.07
NA NA 10 10.14
NA NA 12 12.09
14 13.13
1 0 0 1 1.049
4 0 0 1 1.049
2 0 0 1 1.049
5 0 0 1 1.049
3 0 0 1 1.049
6 0 0 1 1.049
3 - When You're Done W/ Step 3 - Press the Calculate NPSH Button
(Optional)
2 Pipe Type Schedule 40
inch Pipe Size (Nominal) 1 inch
ft Pipe Length 0 ft
gpm Flow Rate 0 gpm

Total Fittings Qt. Eq. Length Total


0 90 Ells 0 20 0
0 45 Ell 0 16 0
0 Globe Valve 0 340 0
0 Angle Valve 0 150 0
0 Ball Valve 0 8 0
0 BF-Valve 0 29.9 0
0 Ck-Valve 0 55 0
0 Stand. Tee - flow through run 0 20 0
0 Stand. Tee - flow through branch 0 60 0
0 - 0 0 0
0 Total Eq. Length 0

(Optional)
5 Pipe Type Schedule 40
inch Pipe Size (Nominal) 1 inch
ft Pipe Length 0 ft
gpm Flow Rate 0 gpm

Total Fittings Qt. Eq. Length Total


0 90 Ells 0 20 0
0 45 Ell 0 16 0
0 Globe Valve 0 340 0
0 Angle Valve 0 150 0
0 Ball Valve 0 8 0
0 BF-Valve 0 29.9 0
0 Ck-Valve 0 55 0
0 Stand. Tee - flow through run 0 20 0
0 Stand. Tee - flow through branch 0 60 0
0 - 0 0 0
0 Total Eq. Length 0
Rel. Roughness
e= 0

Pipe ID Area Friction


(inch^2) Flow GPM Flow (ft^3/s) Velocity (ft/s) Re e/D Factor
0.86 NA 0 0.000 0 0 NA
3.36 NA 0 0.000 0 0 NA
7.39 NA 0 0.000 0 0 NA
12.73 NA 0 0.000 0 0 NA
20.01 NA 0 0.000 0 0 NA
28.89 NA 0 0.000 0 0 NA
51.16 NA 0 0.000 0 0 NA
80.69 NA 0 0.000 0 0 NA
114.8 NA 0 0.000 0 0 NA
135.3 NA 0 0 0
0.86 0 0 0.000 0 0.0009533 0.01
0.86 0 0 0.000 0 0.0009533 0.01
0.86 0 0 0.000 0 0.0009533 0.01
0.86 0 0 0.000 0 0.0009533 0.01
0.86 0 0 0.000 0 0.0009533 0.01
0.86 0 0 0.000 0 0.00095329 0.01
Total Frictional Head L
ate NPSH Button
(Optional)
3 Pipe Type Schedule 40
Pipe Size (Nominal) 1 inch
Pipe Length 0 ft
Flow Rate 0 gpm

Fittings Qt. Eq. Length Total


90 Ells 0 20 0
45 Ell 0 16 0
Globe Valve 0 340 0
Angle Valve 0 150 0
Ball Valve 0 8 0
BF-Valve 0 29.9 0
Ck-Valve 0 55 0
Stand. Tee - flow through run 0 20 0
Stand. Tee - flow through branch0 60 0
- 0 0 0
Total Eq. Length 0

(Optional)
6 Pipe Type Schedule 40
Pipe Size (Nominal) 1 inch
Pipe Length 0 ft
Flow Rate 0 gpm

Fittings Qt. Eq. Length Total


90 Ells 0 20 0
45 Ell 0 16 0
Globe Valve 0 340 0
Angle Valve 0 150 0
Ball Valve 0 8 0
BF-Valve 0 29.9 0
Ck-Valve 0 55 0
Stand. Tee - flow through run 0 20 0
Stand. Tee - flow through branch0 60 0
- 0 0 0
Total Eq. Length 0
Safety Factor
Piping 1.3
Fittings 1.3
HEAD LOSS

HEAD Head
Fittings Pipe Sum
NA NA NA
NA NA NA
NA NA NA
NA NA NA
NA NA NA
NA NA NA
NA NA NA
NA NA NA
NA NA NA
NA NA NA
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0 ft. water
Total Frictional Head Loss: 0 PSI
0
13769344.xls

Date: 1/31/2009 7:28 NPSH Calculation


Job Name: Address:
Drawings / Page:
Max GPM:

Constants / Assumptions:

Mean Operating Fluid Temperature: 45 ºF Total Flow Through Pump: 0 gpm Atmospheric Pressure: 14.70 PSIA 33.96 ft. Water

Pumped Fluid: WATER Vapor Pressure of Liquid: 0.75 ft. water Surface Pressure: 0 PSIG (if exposed to air surface pressure = 0)

Piping Configuration:

Pipe

Sub System#: 1 2 3 4 5 6
Pipe Diam. (Nom): 1 inch 1 inch 1 inch 1 inch 1 inch 1 inch
Pipe Length: 0 feet 0 feet 0 feet 0 feet 0 feet 0 feet
Flow Rate: 0 gpm 0 gpm 0 gpm 0 gpm 0 gpm 0 gpm
Total
Pipe Pressure Drop: 0.0 ft. Water 0.0 ft. Water 0.0 ft. Water 0.0 ft. Water 0.0 ft. Water 0.0 ft. Water 0.0
0.0 psi 0.0 psi 0.0 psi 0.0 psi 0.0 psi 0.0 psi 0.0
Valves (Fully Open) / Fittings

1 2 3 4 5 6
Eq. Eq. Eq. Eq. Eq. Eq.
Qt. Length Total Qt. Length Total Qt. Length Total Qt. Length Total Qt. Length Total Qt. Length Total
90 Ells 0 20 0 0 20 0 0 20 0 0 20 0 0 20 0 0 20 0
45 Ell 0 16 0 0 16 0 0 16 0 0 16 0 0 16 0 0 16 0
Globe Valve 0 340 0 0 340 0 0 340 0 0 340 0 0 340 0 0 340 0
Angle Valve 0 150 0 0 150 0 0 150 0 0 150 0 0 150 0 0 150 0
Ball Valve 0 8 0 0 8 0 0 8 0 0 8 0 0 8 0 0 8 0
BF-Valve 0 29.9 0 0 29.9 0 0 29.9 0 0 29.9 0 0 29.9 0 0 29.9 0
Ck-Valve 0 55 0 0 55 0 0 55 0 0 55 0 0 55 0 0 55 0
Stand. Tee - flow through run 0 20 0 0 20 0 0 20 0 0 20 0 0 20 0 0 20 0
Stand. Tee - flow through branch 0 60 0 0 60 0 0 60 0 0 60 0 0 60 0 0 60 0
- 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Total
Eq. Length Total: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Fitting Pressure Drop: 0.0 ft. water 0.0 ft. water 0.0 ft. water 0.0 ft. water 0.0 ft. water 0.0 ft. water 0.0
0.0 psi 0.0 psi 0.0 psi 0.0 psi 0.0 psi 0.0 psi 0.0

Description
Additonal Pressure Drops: input here 0.0 ft. water
input here 0.0 ft. water
input here 0.0 ft. water
input here 0.0 ft. water
input here 0.0 ft. water
Total: 0.0 ft. water Total Head Loss (Pipe + Fittings + Additional Drops) : 0.0

Results

(Static Head) (Vapor Pressure) (Loss in Fittings) NPSHA


NPSHA = 34.0 + 0.0 + 0.0 - 0.8 - 0.0 - 0.0 - 0.0 = 33.21 ft. Water
(Atmospheric Pressure) (Surface Pressure) (Loss in Pipe Length) (Additonal Loss)
Net Positive Suction Head Available
Pump Schedule #: NPSHR 0 ft. Water
MFR: Net Positive Suction Head Required
Model #: (From Pump Curve)

Safety Factor Enter NPSHR

Air Systems Confidential 01/31/2009 Page 9


PDF
Table of
Schedule Adobe Acrobat 7.0
40 & 80 Document
Pipe
Geometry
Nom. Diam.
Inchs
1/8
1/4
3/8
1/2
3/4
1
1 1/4
1 1/2
2
2 1/2
3
3 1/2
4
5
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
24
Schedule 40

Schedule 80

ID ID
Inches Inches
0.27 0.22
0.36 0.3
0.49 0.42
0.62 0.55
0.82 0.74
1.05 0.96
1.38 1.28
1.61 1.5
2.07 1.94
2.47 2.32
3.07 2.9
3.55 3.36
4.03 3.83
5.05 4.81
6.07 5.76
7.98 7.63
10.02 9.56
11.94 11.38
13.12 12.5
15 14.31
16.87 16.13
18.81 17.94
22.63 21.56
This Data is for Development Purposes

Note: Trying tofigure out how my fluids results compare to the table values found in the hand
looks like there is a safety factor associated with the table values when compared to the theo
Rel. Roughtness Pressure Drop in 100 ft. of Pipe
e = 0.001 My Value Flow Wheel DI GPM
Ratio 1.0 1.85 2.4 3 100
1.5 1.95 3 90
Rel. Roughness 0.92 1.2 3 70
e = 0.001 0.68 0.9 3 60
Ration 1.3 2.7 2.7 5 400
1.6 1.6 5 300
2.4 2.3 6 700
1.2 1.3 8 900
1.5 1.6 8 1000

2.75
2.5
ASHRAE Value

2.25
2
1.75
1.5
1.25
1 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8 2 2.2 2.4 2.6 2.8
My Value
re to the table values found in the handbook and the pump wheel
table values when compared to the theoretical values. More testing needs to be done with a wider range of flows and pipe sizes
2.5
2.25
ASHRAE Value

2
1.75
1.5
1.25
1
0.75
0.6 0.8 1 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8 2
My Value
ASI-NPSH Calculator VS HVAC PUMP Handbook

HVAC PUMP Handbook - Author: James B. Rishel

Head Loss for 100


Flow Rate (GPM)

Pipe (ft of Water)


Handbook Head
Loss for 100ft of

ft of Pipe (ft of
Asi Calculator

Water)
e of flows and pipe sizes 1000
1500
2000
2250
2500
2750
3000
3250
3500
3750
4000
4250
4500
4750
5000
5250
5000