28 views

Uploaded by Ahmed Elhewy

- Steel Compression Members110
- Rack Staad=
- inbar_pr_08
- STEEL [Eng] Steel Code Check 14
- UB as Columns
- Steel Column Design
- CH_01-Columns.doc
- AISC G2 SteelDesign LTB Fu New
- Bukling Lab Report
- ICA0745
- Solution Stability in the Dynamic Collapse of Square Aluminium Columns
- Zhu Dongqis Thesis.pdf
- AD069 Effective lengths of compression members Pt 3 (Amended).pdf
- 178455539
- CUMBIA Theory and User Guide (1)
- nistgcr9-917-3
- Calcul de Alpha Critique
- Column Design - EURO CODE
- Multistorey buildings
- DS_EN 1994-1-2 DK NA_2011 E

You are on page 1of 5

CHAPTER 6 BUCKLING

6.1 Long columns

The critical buckling load (Euler load) is defined as follows: 2 EI Pcr = 2 (1) Le Introduce the radius of gyration of the cross-sectional area, = (1):

I into equation A

cr =

2E

Le

2

(2)

This applies to ideal columns (columns with no residual stress or eccentricity). Le = effective length, depending on column end fixity. Le = L for pin-ended column Le = L /2 for fixed-ended column Le 0.7 L for one end fixed, one end hinged Le = 2L for one end fixed, one end free 6.2 Short columns Define a slenderness ratio :

=

where y = yield stress of the material.

Le

y

E

75

(3) (4)

Johnsons equation :

ult 2 =1 y 4

ult = cr

(since columns collapse when they reach their critical buckling load)

In practice, columns are seldom perfectly straight, nor is the loading perfectly axial. One of the simplest formulas that allows for eccentricity of loading is the PerryRobertson formula: L e (5) y = ult 1 + ult 1 E where = 0.003 and = Eulers buckling stress (equation (2)) The following figure gives the basic column curve to be used in determining ult .

76

We have shown that for simply supported rectangular plate under uniaxial compression:

( x )cr

2 2

( x )cr

=

=

2D a m2

t

a n2 2 Et 2 2 + 2 = m a m b 12 1 2

a m2 b a n 2 b 2 + 2 m a b m b b

2 Et 2 12 ( 2 )b2 1

2E t 12 (1 2 ) b where KC = fn ( , m)

2E t 2 m + = KC (6) 12 1 2 b 2 m and of the B.C.s. The following figure shows the factor KC for different edge boundary conditions. For simple support on all edges and 1, KC may be taken equal to 4.

( x )cr

77

Define a plate slenderness parameter, : b y = t E Plates may be divided into the following categories: Slender plates: > 2.4 Sturdy plates: < 1.0 Intermediate plates: 1.0 < < 2.4

(7)

The plate shown in the following figure is simply supported at all four edges. There is an applied uniform compressive stress a .

For a slender plate under the action of an applied stress a , the plate buckles. As a result, the central portion of the plating moves out of plane and a greater proportion of the load must be taken by the region of the plate near the sides. Nevertheless, the plate is still supporting the load and so although it has buckled, it has not yet collapsed. As the load is further increased, the effective stress at the sides increases even more rapidly, until finally this stress reaches the yield stress and collapse occurs. The peak value of the applied stress is referred to as the ultimate strength of the plate and is denoted as a,ult . The plate will not be fully effective over the width b. Instead, it is necessary to take some reduced effective width, be . Von Karman idealized the state of stress within the buckled plate by assuming that, due to buckling, the center portion has no compressive stress, while the edge portions of the plate remain fully effective and carry a uniform stress e .

e be = a b where be is called the effective width.

78

If buckling occurs:

e = KC

For the original plate:

2D

2 be t

( a )cr

If KC is the same in both cases:

= KC

2D

b2 t

be = b

( a )cr

e

Note: KC is not the same (B.Cs are regarded as similar in both cases but aspect ratios differ). The smallest possible value of be is reached when: e = y

In efficient structures, elastic buckling loads are usually higher than loads to first yield of the material and therefore collapse will involve a combination of buckling and yield failure known as elasto-plastic buckling. Most classification societies in marine industry use the Johnson-Ostenfeld equation to take into account the effect of plasticity. The resulting elastic-plastic buckling stress is the final critical buckling strength. It is given as follows:

cr = y

E

Y 1 4 E

(8)

where E = elastic buckling stress, cr = critical (elastic-plastic) buckling stress, Y = material yield stress. The above form assumes a structural proportional limit value P of 0.5Y. Some classification societies assume a P of 0.6Y. This equation is used for steel plates as well as columns.

79

- Steel Compression Members110Uploaded byzakeriya
- Rack Staad=Uploaded byvenezuelan
- inbar_pr_08Uploaded byanibaldeboni
- STEEL [Eng] Steel Code Check 14Uploaded byHENGKIMHACH
- UB as ColumnsUploaded bysuvra
- Steel Column DesignUploaded byvsnsfb
- CH_01-Columns.docUploaded bynvnrev
- AISC G2 SteelDesign LTB Fu NewUploaded byyusameng
- Bukling Lab ReportUploaded bykenjosroy1
- ICA0745Uploaded byrs0004
- Solution Stability in the Dynamic Collapse of Square Aluminium ColumnsUploaded byapi-3750432
- Zhu Dongqis Thesis.pdfUploaded byThomas Fritz
- AD069 Effective lengths of compression members Pt 3 (Amended).pdfUploaded byalvin_yee_17
- 178455539Uploaded byMafifi13
- CUMBIA Theory and User Guide (1)Uploaded bySiul Onarbmaz
- nistgcr9-917-3Uploaded byJoel Moore
- Calcul de Alpha CritiqueUploaded bylahlou_d9216
- Column Design - EURO CODEUploaded bysopnanair
- Multistorey buildingsUploaded byris1333
- DS_EN 1994-1-2 DK NA_2011 EUploaded byp_meulendijks108
- Lab 3 Sheet Buckling-21Sep11Uploaded byMohd Fazli
- NonLinear Analysis of Concrete Filled Stainless Steel Tubular ColumnUploaded byIRJET Journal
- SCNZ-Practical Steel Frame Design Seminar.pdfUploaded byjunhe898
- Cold Formed Steel FireUploaded byEngr Arbab Faisal
- Column SplicesUploaded bySanthoshkumar Rayavarapu
- SI-08-2016Uploaded byAndres Casado
- ME+C85+Final+Exam+Fall+2011Uploaded byjason illiams
- Otc 218021Uploaded byAlpian Saputra
- SAUploaded byKevin Nave Rivera
- 1983-4195-riem-8-06-00763Uploaded bysam

- ryan resume 2013Uploaded byapi-218533920
- 24603_BreastPathology(1).pptxUploaded byRA
- US Supreme Court: 00-1214Uploaded bySupreme Court
- Property 452 Reviewer- Property Midterm ReviewerUploaded bycezar delailani
- A New Approach to End of the WorldUploaded byIgor19Og
- 8.2 Infectious CoryzaUploaded byransingh
- 2nd Quarter Gen MathUploaded byLea Mae Vivo Gelera
- R.K.ashram LoD and Synopsis SLPUploaded byManmohan Sting
- The Information Literacy User's GuideUploaded byMAS
- IO in PLSQLUploaded bySanjay Chauhan
- alex_resUploaded byPenny Palmer
- 2463c30752c14c11e477df3199f855c8Uploaded byMazhar Farid
- Witcher NextUploaded byHunter Quinn
- Reflective MemoryUploaded byMarco
- resumefoundationUploaded byapi-252409952
- Senior Program Manager Trainer Non-Profit in Cleveland OH Resume Linda LoganUploaded byLindaLogan
- When You Don't Know Where to Turn, by Steven J. BartlettUploaded byGlenn Calvin
- Out of Control_ the Last Days of the Clash - Vince WhiteUploaded byJuan Sebastián Quintero Gómez
- STP163-EB.31066Uploaded byS R Kumar Konathala
- Revisiting OrientalismUploaded byIndeewara Thilakarathne
- A Catholic Priest linked to LTTE TerrorismUploaded byaroopam1636
- Image Identification SystemUploaded bySwathi As
- 1. Consigna vs. PeopleUploaded byElreen Pearl Agustin
- Ctpm Unit IVUploaded byIsha Patel
- The Role of MPAs in Reconciling Fisheries Management With Conservation of Biological DiversityUploaded byMarie
- MET Online Tutorial for METv4Uploaded byizuebenebe
- Tp Nfuentesrivera 2006 06Uploaded bynoahly
- Nouns and DeterminersUploaded byMaria Emilia del Castillo
- Work of BreathingUploaded byabc007200
- Stupidest happiness mistake is knowing what is happy and yet not choosing it.docxUploaded byShweta Chavan