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- Applying Angle Theorems
- Thales Theorem
- Basic Proportionality Theorem
- MATH
- Triangles
- NCERT Book -Mathematics - Class IX
- Module 1 Geometry of Shape and Size
- mathlabx
- Grade 9 2015 MTAP Challenge
- GRE Geometry
- Thaless Theorem
- Geometry
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other sides in distinct points, divides the two sides in the same ratio.

respectively such that DE parallel to BC .

AD AE

To prove: =

DB EC

Triangle DEC … (1)

( Since triangles on same base and between the same parallels are equal in

area)

1 × AD × EF

ar ( Triangle ADE )

Also, = 2

ar (Triangle BDE ) 1 × BD × EF

2

(Since Area of a Triangle = 1 × base × altitude )

2

ar (Triangle ADE ) AD

or = … (1)

ar (Triangle BDE ) BD

Similarly,

ar (Triangle ADE ) AE

= … (3)

ar ( Triangle CDE ) CE

ar (Triangle ADE ) AE

or = [from (1)] … (4)

ar (Triangle BDE ) CE

AD AE

=

DB EC

and AC in E, then

AB AC AB AC

(1) = (2) =

AD AE DB EC

AD AE DB EC

(1) = or =

DB EC AD AE

DB EC

+1 = +1

AD AE

DB + AD EC + AE

or =

AD AE

AD + DB AE + EC

or =

AD AE

AB AC

or =

AD AE

AD AE

(2) =

DB EC

AD AE

+1 = +1

DB EC

AD + DB AE + EC

or =

DB EC

AB AC

or =

AD AE

If a line divides any two sides of a triangle in the same ratio, then the line

must be parallel to the third side.

Given: Triangle ABC in which a line ' l ' intersects AB in D and AC in E. Such

AD AE

that =

DB EC

To prove: DE paralell to BC

Proof: Let line ' l ' is not parallel to BC. Then, there must be another line

through D which is parallel to BC. Let DF parallel to BC .

AD AF

=

DB FC

AD AE

But = (given)

DB EC

AF AE

Therefore =

FC EC

Adding ‘1’ to both the sides, we get

AF AE

+1 = +1

FC EC

AF + FC AE + EC

=

FC EC

AC AC

=

FC EC

or FC=EC

But this is true only if F and E coincide, that is, DF coincides with DE.

Hence DE parallel to BC

SOLVED EXAMPLES

1. Using Basic Proportionality Theorem, prove that the line drawn from the

mid-point of one side of a triangle parallel to another side bisects the third

side.

Sol:

Given: Triangle ABC in which D is the mid point of AB and the line DE is drawn

parallel to BC, meeting AC in E.

To prove: AE=EC

AE AD

= (By Basic Proportionality Theorem)

EC DB

AE AD

= =1 ( Since AD = DB )

EC DB

Therefore AE = EC

2. If the diagonals of a quadrilateral divide each other proportionally, prove it

is a trapezium.

Sol:

AE DE

that = .

EC EB

DE DF

This implies = … (1) (Basic proportionality theorem)

EB FC

DE AE

But = (given) … (2)

EB EC

AE DF

Therefore = (from 1 and 2)

EC FC

Therefore AD parallel to BC

Hence ABCD is a trapezium

sides is parallel to each other.

3. If three or more parallel lines are intersected by two transversals, prove that

the intercepts made by them on the transversals are proportional.

Sol:

Sol:

and D, E, F respectively.

AB DE

To prove: =

BC EF

respectively.

Therefore AG = DE … (1)

Again, GE parallel to HF and GH parallel to EF , ⇒ GHFE is a parallelogram

Therefore GH = EF … (2)

AB AG

Now in Triangle ACH , BG parallel to CH , Therefore = (By basic

BC GH

proportionality theorem)

AB DE

or = [by using (1) and (2)]

BC EF

AB DE

Hence =

BC EF

and DE parallel to BC. . If AD=8cm, BD=4cm and AE=12cm. Find AC.

Sol:

Let EC= x cm

AD AE

=

DB EC

8 12

or =

4 x

By cross multiplication

8 x = 48

48

x= = 6 cm

8

Therefore EC= x =6 cm

Now AC = AE+EC

or AC= 12+6= 18 cm

Sol:

PS PT

=

SQ TR

4 + x x +1

or =

SQ TR

4 + x x +1

or =

12 8

8(4 + x) = 12( x + 1)

or 32 + 8 x = 12 x + 12

or 8 x − 12 x = 12 − 32

or −4 x = −20

or 4 x = 20

20

or x = = 5 cm

4

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