Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 25

Problem 1

Saturday, June 16, 2012

6:10 PM

Problem 1 Saturday, June 16, 2012 6:10 PM Normal body temp is 98.6°F. This person's temperature
Problem 1 Saturday, June 16, 2012 6:10 PM Normal body temp is 98.6°F. This person's temperature

Normal body temp is 98.6°F. This person's temperature is not too much higher.

HW 9 Page 1

Problem 2

Saturday, June 16, 2012 6:10 PM

Problem 2 Saturday, June 16, 2012 6:10 PM HW 9 Page 2
Problem 2 Saturday, June 16, 2012 6:10 PM HW 9 Page 2
Problem 2 Saturday, June 16, 2012 6:10 PM HW 9 Page 2
Problem 2 Saturday, June 16, 2012 6:10 PM HW 9 Page 2

HW 9 Page 2

Problem 3

Saturday, November 17, 2012

3:44 PM

Problem 3 Saturday, November 17, 2012 3:44 PM There are a couple of ways to do

There are a couple of ways to do this problem, but this is how I approach it.

For the aluminum vessel, the interior wall will have its circumference increase because of the coefficient of linear expansion. Also, the depth will increase for the same reason. If we used the coefficient of volume expansion for aluminum (~3 α A l ), the capacity of the container will volume expansion for aluminum (~3α Al ), the capacity of the container will increase

α A l ), the capacity of the container will increase The volume of the turpentine

The volume of the turpentine also increased in this process. The new volume of turpentine minus the new volume of the container gives the volume of turpentine that spills out.coefficient of volume expansion for aluminum (~3 α A l ), the capacity of the container

HW 9 Page 3

Now the turpentine is going to cool Because the volume of the container is as
Now the turpentine is going to cool Because the volume of the container is as
Now the turpentine is going to cool Because the volume of the container is as
Now the turpentine is going to cool Because the volume of the container is as
Now the turpentine is going to cool Because the volume of the container is as

Now the turpentine is going to cool

Now the turpentine is going to cool Because the volume of the container is as it
Now the turpentine is going to cool Because the volume of the container is as it

Because the volume of the container is as it was before (2 L), the container is 95.2% full. Because the area is the same as it was initially, the height of the fluid is this same percentage of the initial height. This means that the height has fallen by

height of the fluid is this same percentage of the initial height. This means that the

HW 9 Page 4

Problem 4

Saturday, November 17, 2012 3:44 PM

Problem 4 Saturday, November 17, 2012 3:44 PM This is complicated, but a typical instance of
Problem 4 Saturday, November 17, 2012 3:44 PM This is complicated, but a typical instance of

This is complicated, but a typical instance of pushing the universal gas law. First lets find the volume of air that we are talking about.

First lets find the volume of air that we are talking about. The new volume is
First lets find the volume of air that we are talking about. The new volume is
First lets find the volume of air that we are talking about. The new volume is

The new volume is the percentage of this volume. This new volume is the volume that goes into the universal gas law.

volume is the volume that goes into the universal gas law. Solving this for pressure To

Solving this for pressure

goes into the universal gas law. Solving this for pressure To calculate the pressure, remember that

To calculate the pressure, remember that our temperatures must be expressed in kelvin and our atmospheric pressure is 1.013x10 5 Pa. Doing the calculation

must be expressed in kelvin and our atmospheric pressure is 1.013x10 5 Pa. Doing the calculation
must be expressed in kelvin and our atmospheric pressure is 1.013x10 5 Pa. Doing the calculation

HW 9 Page 5

Now, the amount of material in the tire remains fixed. This gives a relationship between

Now, the amount of material in the tire remains fixed. This gives a relationship between pressure, volume and temperature.

of material in the tire remains fixed. This gives a relationship between pressure, volume and temperature.
of material in the tire remains fixed. This gives a relationship between pressure, volume and temperature.

HW 9 Page 6

Problem 5

Wednesday, June 20, 2012 9:44 AM

Problem 5 Wednesday, June 20, 2012 9:44 AM HW 9 Page 7
Problem 5 Wednesday, June 20, 2012 9:44 AM HW 9 Page 7
Problem 5 Wednesday, June 20, 2012 9:44 AM HW 9 Page 7
Problem 5 Wednesday, June 20, 2012 9:44 AM HW 9 Page 7
Problem 5 Wednesday, June 20, 2012 9:44 AM HW 9 Page 7
Problem 5 Wednesday, June 20, 2012 9:44 AM HW 9 Page 7
Problem 5 Wednesday, June 20, 2012 9:44 AM HW 9 Page 7
Problem 5 Wednesday, June 20, 2012 9:44 AM HW 9 Page 7
Problem 5 Wednesday, June 20, 2012 9:44 AM HW 9 Page 7
Problem 5 Wednesday, June 20, 2012 9:44 AM HW 9 Page 7

HW 9 Page 7

Problem 6

Saturday, November 17, 2012 3:44 PM

Problem 6 Saturday, November 17, 2012 3:44 PM First, the bullet must be cooled to the

First, the bullet must be cooled to the temperature of the ice. This takes energy out of the ice.

temperature of the ice. This takes energy out of the ice. The kinetic energy of the

The kinetic energy of the bullet is also converted to heat. This heat will melt more ice.

is also converted to heat. This heat will melt more ice. This mechanical and thermal energy

This mechanical and thermal energy will convert ice to water.

converted to heat. This heat will melt more ice. This mechanical and thermal energy will convert
converted to heat. This heat will melt more ice. This mechanical and thermal energy will convert
converted to heat. This heat will melt more ice. This mechanical and thermal energy will convert

HW 9 Page 8

Problem 7

Saturday, November 17, 2012 3:44 PM

Problem 7 Saturday, November 17, 2012 3:44 PM The work don on the gas by us

The work don on the gas by us if found by the expression

PM The work don on the gas by us if found by the expression Using this

Using this expression, we see that…

by the expression Using this expression, we see that… Notice that α is not given in
by the expression Using this expression, we see that… Notice that α is not given in
by the expression Using this expression, we see that… Notice that α is not given in

Notice that α is not given in SI units so you will have to convert, knowing that

HW 9 Page 9

HW 9 Page 10
HW 9 Page 10

HW 9 Page 10

Problem 8

Friday, May 18, 2012 9:10 AM

Problem 8 Friday, May 18, 2012 9:10 AM HW 9 Page 11

HW 9 Page 11

If the student is the origin of the coordinate system, and the student is holding

If the student is the origin of the coordinate system, and the student is holding the stone, then the stone is at the origin.Because the stone is initially thrown to the right, it only has an x component.

is holding the stone, then the stone is at the origin. Because the stone is initially

Because the stone is initially thrown to the right, it only has an x component.is holding the stone, then the stone is at the origin. The vertical problem has a

initially thrown to the right, it only has an x component. The vertical problem has a

The vertical problem has a constant acceleration from gravity.

HW 9 Page 12

  Because the stone is in freefall motion, gravity is the only acceleration in the
 

Because the stone is in freefall motion, gravity is the only acceleration in the problem. There is no acceleration in the x direction so it has a constant speed in the x direction.

Because there is no acceleration in the x direction, the final x velocity is the

Because there is no acceleration in the x direction, the final x velocity is the same as the initial.

 
   
 
 

We can use KE (1) to find the velocity in the y direction with time.

 
   
 
 
 
velocity in the y direction with time.         For the x coordinate, let's
 

For the x coordinate, let's use KE (3)

 
  For the x coordinate, let's use KE (3)         We can also
  For the x coordinate, let's use KE (3)         We can also
  For the x coordinate, let's use KE (3)         We can also
  For the x coordinate, let's use KE (3)         We can also
 
   
 
 

We can also use KE (3) for the vertical component.

let's use KE (3)         We can also use KE (3) for the
let's use KE (3)         We can also use KE (3) for the
let's use KE (3)         We can also use KE (3) for the
let's use KE (3)         We can also use KE (3) for the
let's use KE (3)         We can also use KE (3) for the
 
   
 
let's use KE (3)         We can also use KE (3) for the

We know that the stone hits the water when y f = -h .

HW 9 Page 13

We can find the vertical component of velocity after this time. The horizontal component of
We can find the vertical component of velocity after this time. The horizontal component of

We can find the vertical component of velocity after this time.

can find the vertical component of velocity after this time. The horizontal component of velocity doesn't
can find the vertical component of velocity after this time. The horizontal component of velocity doesn't

The horizontal component of velocity doesn't change.

The horizontal component of velocity doesn't change. The total velocity is then The angle can be

The total velocity is then

of velocity doesn't change. The total velocity is then The angle can be found trigonometrically from
of velocity doesn't change. The total velocity is then The angle can be found trigonometrically from

The angle can be found trigonometrically from the components of velocity.

be found trigonometrically from the components of velocity. Because of the way this angle is measured,
be found trigonometrically from the components of velocity. Because of the way this angle is measured,
be found trigonometrically from the components of velocity. Because of the way this angle is measured,

Because of the way this angle is measured, WebAssign is looking for

HW 9 Page 14

HW 9 Page 15

Problem 9

Saturday, May 19, 2012

9:04 AM

Problem 9 Saturday, May 19, 2012 9:04 AM Because the cars are tied together, the acceleration

Because the cars are tied together, the acceleration must be the same for each.Problem 9 Saturday, May 19, 2012 9:04 AM This is the same kind of problem we

This is the same kind of problem we did this time on the elevator.2012 9:04 AM Because the cars are tied together, the acceleration must be the same for

must be the same for each. This is the same kind of problem we did this
Ferrari BMW

Ferrari

Ferrari BMW

BMW

must be the same for each. This is the same kind of problem we did this
must be the same for each. This is the same kind of problem we did this
must be the same for each. This is the same kind of problem we did this
must be the same for each. This is the same kind of problem we did this

HW 9 Page 16

HW 9 Page 17
HW 9 Page 17

Problem 10

Saturday, November 17, 2012

3:44 PM

Problem 10 Saturday, November 17, 2012 3:44 PM Here we only need to know the height

Here we only need to know the height of the block with respect to point (B). This is the radius of the bowl.Problem 10 Saturday, November 17, 2012 3:44 PM The potential energy at (A) is converted entirely

with respect to point (B). This is the radius of the bowl. The potential energy at

The potential energy at (A) is converted entirely to kinetic energy at (B).with respect to point (B). This is the radius of the bowl. Knowing the kinetic energy

at (A) is converted entirely to kinetic energy at (B). Knowing the kinetic energy at point

Knowing the kinetic energy at point (B), we can calculate the speed.This is the radius of the bowl. The potential energy at (A) is converted entirely to

entirely to kinetic energy at (B). Knowing the kinetic energy at point (B), we can calculate

HW 9 Page 18

At point (C), there is a mixture of potential and kinetic energy. The potential is

At point (C), there is a mixture of potential and kinetic energy. The potential is related to the height relative to point (B). The kinetic energy at point (C) isObviously the potential energy at point (C) is HW 9 Page 19

relative to point (B). The kinetic energy at point (C) is Obviously the potential energy at

Obviously the potential energy at point (C) isenergy. The potential is related to the height relative to point (B). The kinetic energy at

relative to point (B). The kinetic energy at point (C) is Obviously the potential energy at

HW 9 Page 19

Problem 11

Friday, June 01, 2012 5:50 PM

Problem 11 Friday, June 01, 2012 5:50 PM This is a complicated problem, but it is

This is a complicated problem, but it is excellent practice in keeping parts of collisions straight in your mind. First, for block m 1 , we are converting potential energy to kinetic energy.

1 , we are converting potential energy to kinetic energy. When m 1 gets to the
1 , we are converting potential energy to kinetic energy. When m 1 gets to the

When m 1 gets to the bottom of the ramp, there is a perfectly elastic collision with m 2 . After the collision, m 1 will have a final velocity v 1f .

collision, m 1 will have a final velocity v 1 f . Now this kinetic energy
collision, m 1 will have a final velocity v 1 f . Now this kinetic energy
collision, m 1 will have a final velocity v 1 f . Now this kinetic energy

Now this kinetic energy that block 1 has after the collision will be

HW 9 Page 20

converted back to potential energy.

converted back to potential energy. HW 9 Page 21
converted back to potential energy. HW 9 Page 21
converted back to potential energy. HW 9 Page 21
converted back to potential energy. HW 9 Page 21

HW 9 Page 21

Problem 12

Saturday, June 02, 2012

8:15 PM

Problem 12 Saturday, June 02, 2012 8:15 PM I would like to handle this object as

I would like to handle this object as one big object. For this, I will need to know the center of mass (in order to get potential energy) and the moment of inertia about the end (to get the correct kinetic energy terms).

The center of mass for this object (from the pivot) is

The center of mass for this object (from the pivot) is The moment of inertia is
The center of mass for this object (from the pivot) is The moment of inertia is
The center of mass for this object (from the pivot) is The moment of inertia is
The center of mass for this object (from the pivot) is The moment of inertia is
The center of mass for this object (from the pivot) is The moment of inertia is
The center of mass for this object (from the pivot) is The moment of inertia is

The moment of inertia is found in parts. The moment of

HW 9 Page 22

inertia for the rod part is

inertia for the rod part is The moment of inertia for the ball can be found

The moment of inertia for the ball can be found by the parallel-axis theorem.

for the ball can be found by the parallel-axis theorem. Running the numbers, the final moment
for the ball can be found by the parallel-axis theorem. Running the numbers, the final moment
for the ball can be found by the parallel-axis theorem. Running the numbers, the final moment

Running the numbers, the final moment of inertia is

theorem. Running the numbers, the final moment of inertia is Now we can convert potential energy

Now we can convert potential energy to kinetic energy.theorem. Running the numbers, the final moment of inertia is Because we have the moment of

is Now we can convert potential energy to kinetic energy. Because we have the moment of
is Now we can convert potential energy to kinetic energy. Because we have the moment of

Because we have the moment of inertia, we can convert this expression for energy into angular velocity.is Now we can convert potential energy to kinetic energy. It would have been more interesting

convert this expression for energy into angular velocity. It would have been more interesting to find
convert this expression for energy into angular velocity. It would have been more interesting to find

It would have been more interesting to find the speed of the center ofBecause we have the moment of inertia, we can convert this expression for energy into angular

HW 9 Page 23

mass of the whole arm, but they took the easy way out. The center of mass for the ball is at

took the easy way out. The center of mass for the ball is at The speed
took the easy way out. The center of mass for the ball is at The speed

The speed at this point is

center of mass for the ball is at The speed at this point is If the
center of mass for the ball is at The speed at this point is If the
center of mass for the ball is at The speed at this point is If the

If the ball had just fallen freely, its velocity would have been

at this point is If the ball had just fallen freely, its velocity would have been

The swing is then faster by

at this point is If the ball had just fallen freely, its velocity would have been
at this point is If the ball had just fallen freely, its velocity would have been

HW 9 Page 24

at this point is If the ball had just fallen freely, its velocity would have been

Problem 13

Saturday, June 09, 2012 5:07 PM

Problem 13 Saturday, June 09, 2012 5:07 PM This is a Kepler 3 problem. We know

This is a Kepler 3 problem. We know the relation

June 09, 2012 5:07 PM This is a Kepler 3 problem. We know the relation Solving

Solving for the mass of Jupiter

June 09, 2012 5:07 PM This is a Kepler 3 problem. We know the relation Solving

HW 9 Page 25