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Copyright 2012, Ministry of Information, Communications and the Arts

No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the written permission of the publisher. All rights reserved. ISSN: 1793-866X

PUBLISHED BY

MINISTRY OF INFORMATION, COMMUNICATIONS AND THE ARTS 140 Hill Street #02-02 MICA Building Singapore 179369 Tel: (65) 6270 7988 Fax: (65) 6837 9480 Website: www.mica.gov.sg

NATIONAL ARTS COUNCIL Goodman Arts Centre 90 Goodman Road, Blk A #01-01 Singapore 439053 Tel: (65) 6346 9400 Fax: (65) 6346 1837 Website: www.nac.gov.sg

NATIONAL HERITAGE BOARD 61 Stamford Road #03-08 Stamford Court Singapore 178892 Tel: (65) 6338 0000 Fax: (65) 6332 3568 Website: www.nhb.gov.sg

NATIONAL LIBRARY BOARD 100 Victoria Street Singapore 188064 Tel: (65) 6332 3133 Fax: (65) 6332 3233 Website: www.nlb.gov.sg

EDITORIAL TEAM Strategic Planning Department Organisation Management Division Ministry of Information, Communications and the Arts DESIGNED BY InkEngineers Fifth Edition 2012

OVERVIEW A. ARTS AND CULTURAL SCENE I. Arts and Cultural Activities Chart A-1: Performing Arts and Visual Arts Activities Chart A-2: Type of Performances Chart A-3: Museum Activities Chart A-4: Library Activities

04 05 06 06 07 08 09 10 10 11 11 12 16 16 17 18 19 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 29 29 29

III. Museum Visitorship Chart B-5: Museum Roundtable Visitorship Chart B-6: Visitorship to NHB Museums IV. Library Visitorship and Services Chart B-7: Library Visitorship and Library Loans Chart B-8: Digital Visitorship, E-retrievals and E-books Chart B-9: NLB Library Membership Chart B-10: Research and Reference Enquiries at Libraries Special Feature on the National Library Board C. ARTS EDUCATION AND PARTICIPATION IN SCHOOLS I. Arts Education Chart C-1: Full-time Enrolment in Tertiary Arts Courses Table C-1: Breakdown of Full-time Enrolment in Tertiary Arts Courses Chart C-2: Enrolment in School of the Arts Chart C-3: Students in Arts-related Co-curricular Activities Table C-2: Breakdown of Students in Arts-related Co-curricular Activities D. FINANCIAL SUPPORT FOR ARTS AND CULTURE I. Arts and Cultural Philanthropy Chart D-1: Contributions to Arts and Culture II. Government Funding Chart D-2: Government Funding E. ECONOMIC CONTRIBUTION OF THE ARTS AND CULTURAL SECTOR I. Arts and Cultural Manpower Chart E-1: Total Employment II. Economic Value of the Arts and Cultural Sector Chart E-2: Total Nominal Value-added Chart E-3: Total Operating Receipts ANNEX ARTS AND CULTURAL CLUSTER DEFINITION

30 30 31 32 32 33 34 35 36 38 39 39 40 41 42 43

II. Arts and Cultural Organisations Chart A-5: Arts Companies III. Heritage Chart A-6: Museums in Roundtable Special Feature on Heritage Trails by the National Heritage Board IV. Library Resources Chart A-7: Library Collections Chart A-8: Legal Deposits B. ARTS AND CULTURAL ENGAGEMENT I. Attendance at Arts and Cultural Events Chart B-1: Ticketed Attendance at Performing Arts Events Chart B-2: Ticket Sales for Performing Arts Events Chart B-3: Non-Ticketed Attendance at Arts and Cultural Events Chart B-4: Percentage of Singaporeans who have attended at least one arts event in the past year Table B-1: Most Popular Forms of Arts and Cultural Events Table B-2: Percentage of Singaporeans who have attended at least one arts event in the past year

44 45 45 46 46 47 48 48 49 49 50 51

Special Feature on POP Survey by the National Arts Council II. Awareness and Appreciation of Arts and Culture Attitude towards Arts and Culture Heritage Engagement Index

OVERVIEW

OVERVIEW
The aim of the Singapore Cultural Statistics 2012 is to provide an update on the Singapores arts and cultural sector through the analysis of Singapores cultural statistics1 over the past years. The arts and cultural sector reviewed in this publication include arts and cultural performances of various genres (e.g., Dance, Music, Theatre and Literary Arts), heritage activities like exhibitions in museums as well as usage of library resources.

Statistics in the past publications of the Singapore Cultural Statistics were based on the Financial Year, starting from 1 April to 31 March. From 2009, statistics collected will be based on the Calendar Year, starting from 1 January to 31 December. All statistics in this report are based on the Calendar Year unless stated otherwise. Some statistics however, are only available based on the Financial Year and they will be indicated as such. Statistics published in the previous editions may be different due to this change or updated due to a recent revision in the data series.
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SINGAPORE CULTURAL STATISTICS 2012

More than 87 arts and cultural activities are taking place in Singapore every day.

A. ARTS AND CULTURAL SCENE / I. ARTS AND CULTURAL ACTIVITIES

A. ARTS AND CULTURAL SCENE


This section presents charts and statistics on cultural activities and players in the cultural eco-system. Collectively, these statistics provide an indication of the vibrancy of Singapores cultural scene. I. ARTS AND CULTURAL ACTIVITIES The number of arts activities was 31,886 in 2011 (Chart A-1), which translates to an average of 87 arts activities taking place every day in 2011.

40,000 35,000 30,000 Number of Activities 25,000 20,000 15,000 10,000 5,000 0

4,000 3,500 3,000 2,500 2,000 1,500 1,000 500 0 2003 2004 18,132 4,945 13,187 1,862 532 2005 19,016 6,102 12,914 2,279 568 2006 21,495 6,049 15,446 3,025 665 2007 27,504 6,819 20,685 2,907 832 2008 30,580 6,240 24,340 2,921 968 2009 29,286 7,807 21,479 3,294 915 2010 33,884 7,618 26,266 3,106 999 2011 31,886 8,663 23,223 3,411 900

Chart A-1:

PERFORMING ARTS* AND VISUAL ARTS^ ACTIVITIES

Total Arts Activities** No. of Performances# Exhibition Days^^ No. of Productions No. of Exhibitions

15,911 4,531 11,380 1,439 535

Source: National Arts Council * Performing arts refer to folk, traditional, classical and contemporary forms of dance, music, theatre and other performances. Popular genres of arts events like Pop and Rock music and Film are not included. ** Arts activities are measured by number of performances and visual arts exhibition days. # Performances refer to the number of shows for each production, including both ticketed and non-ticketed performances. ^ Visual arts refers to public exhibitions of abstract or representational art objects such as painting, sculpture, pottery, ceramics, creative photography, installation art and multi-media art. Applied arts such as film, graphic design, fashion design, jewellery design and handicrafts are excluded. ^^ Exhibition days refer to the total number of days over which all exhibitions are held.
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Number of Productions / Exhibitions

A. ARTS AND CULTURAL SCENE / I. ARTS AND CULTURAL ACTIVITIES

There were a total of 8,663 performances in 2011, sustaining the level of vibrancy in the performing arts sector. Of which, 4,630 were ticketed performances and 4,033 were non-ticketed performances. Performances of all genres have generally increased from 2003 to 2011 (Chart A-2).

9,000 8,000 7,000 Number of Performances 6,000 5,000 4,000 3,000 2,000 1,000 0

Chart A-2:

2003 No. of Performances# Music Dance Theatre Others Ticketed Performances* Non-ticketed Performances^ 4,531 1,855 456 1,819 401 2,363 2,168

2004 4,945 1,912 710 1,924 399 2,631 2,314

2005 6,102 2,073 991 2,181 857 2,626 3,476

2006 6,049 2,442 719 1,976 912 2,858 3,191

2007 6,819 2,660 908 2,408 843 3,234 3,585

2008 6,240 2,141 836 2,623 640 3,267 2,973

2009 7,807 2,528 1,096 3,163 1,020 3,414 4,393

2010 7,618 2,418 1,572 2,421 1,207 3,378 4,240

2011 8,663 2,746 2,128 3,789 4,630 4,033

TYPE OF PERFORMANCES

Source: National Arts Council # Performances refer to the number of shows for each production, including both ticketed and non-ticketed performances. From 2011 onwards, performances classified under 'Others' (e.g. acrobatic arts, cultural concerts and multi-disciplinary performances) have been reclassified under existing genres (i.e. Music/Dance/Theatre). * Performances that require a ticket for entry. ^ Non-ticketed performances refer to performances for which no tickets are issued.
SINGAPORE CULTURAL STATISTICS 2012 7

A. ARTS AND CULTURAL SCENE / I. ARTS AND CULTURAL ACTIVITIES

There were 25 changing exhibits at National Museums in 2011 (Chart A-3). Some of the popular exhibits in 2011 include Video, An Art, A History 1965 - 2010, Terracotta Warriors: The First Emperor and His Legacy and Dreams and Reality: Masterpieces of Painting, Drawing and Photography from the Muse dOrsay, Paris.
50 45 40 Number of Changing Exhibitions 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0

Chart A-3:

2003 Total Changing Exhibitions at National Museums* Asian Civilisations Museum** Peranakan Museum*** National Museum of Singapore^ Singapore Art Museum^^ 13 7 2 4

2004 13 5 2 6

2005 17 9 2 6

2006 18 5 7 6

2007 19 3 11 5

2008 39 5 2 12 20

2009 46 7 2 17 20

2010 30 5 1 8 16

2011 25 5 1 7 12

MUSEUM ACTIVITIES

Source: National Heritage Board * National museums refer to Asian Civilisations Museum, Peranakan Museum, National Museum of Singapore and Singapore Art Museum. ** The Asian Civilisations Museum is located at Empress Street. The Asian Civilisations Museum 1 was located at Armenian Street and it was closed for renovation works from 2006 to 2007, for preparation of the Peranakan Museum. *** The Peranakan Museum opened on 25 April 2008. ^ Known as Singapore History Museum before 2006. ^^ Includes 8Q SAM which opened on 15 August 2008. Figures from 2003 to 2008 are based on Financial Year.
8 SINGAPORE CULTURAL STATISTICS 2012

A. ARTS AND CULTURAL SCENE / I. ARTS AND CULTURAL ACTIVITIES

There were 4,206 library activities in 2011, a decline from 6,731 in 2010 (Chart A-4).

10,000 Number of Library Activities 8,000 6,000 4,000 2,000 0

Chart A-4:

2007 Total Library Activities* 7,995

2008 5,070

2009 6,336

2010 6,731

2011 4,206

LIBRARY ACTIVITIES

Source: National Library Board * Library activities refer to programmes which include outreach, talks, expressions, performances, workshop, roadshows and assembly talks held at schools and non-school organisations such as community clubs and childcare centres.

SINGAPORE CULTURAL STATISTICS 2012

A. ARTS AND CULTURAL SCENE / II. ARTS AND CULTURAL ORGANISATIONS

II. ARTS AND CULTURAL ORGANISATIONS The arts and cultural sector in Singapore saw a tripling in the number of arts companies from 302 in 2003 to 856 in 2011 (Chart A-5).

900 800 700 Number of Arts Companies 600 500 400 300 200 100 0

Chart A-5:

2003 Total Arts Companies* Music Dance Theatre Visual Arts Others 302 24 15 78 153 32

2004 321 25 13 86 158 39

2005 359 28 19 96 174 42

2006 428 35 21 110 211 51

2007 477 66 26 107 212 66

2008 595 79 27 128 273 88

2009 672 84 28 134 328 98

2010 720 83 28 134 362 113

2011 856 114 63 151 413 115

ARTS COMPANIES

Source: National Arts Council * Commercial (for-profit) and non-profit companies registered with the Accounting and Corporate Regulatory Authority.

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SINGAPORE CULTURAL STATISTICS 2012

A. ARTS AND CULTURAL SCENE / III. HERITAGE

III. HERITAGE The number of museums in Singapore has increased steadily from 28 in 2004 to 56 in 2011 (Chart A-6). More museums are being added to the heritage scene in Singapore with the recent opening of the ArtScience Museum in February 2011 and the future National Art Gallery in 2015.

60 50 Number of Museums 40 30 20 10 0

Chart A-6:

2004 Total Museums Art Culture Defence & Community Healthcare History Lifestyle** Science and Innovation 28 -

2005 36 -

2006 44 -

2007 46 7 8 10 5 8 3 5

2008 52 7 9 10 5 10 5 6

2009 53 5 10 10 5 10 5 8

2010 53 4 9 10 5 12 3 10

2011 56 5 10 10 5 13 3 10

MUSEUMS IN ROUNDTABLE*

Source: National Heritage Board * The Museum Roundtable was formed in 1996 with the aim of growing the heritage ecosystem by bringing more museums and heritage galleries closer to the public. Chaired by the National Heritage Board, the Roundtable comprises both public and private museums. ** This category was known as Hobby in 2007. Examples include Mint Museum of Toys and Red Dot Design Museum. Figures from 2004 to 2008 are based on Financial Year.

SINGAPORE CULTURAL STATISTICS 2012

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SPECIAL FEATURE ON HERITAGE TRAILS BY THE NATIONAL HERITAGE BOARD

BACKGROUND OF COMMUNITY HERITAGE TRAILS


The National Heritage Board (NHB) embarked on its initiative to mark permanent heritage trails around historically significant parts of Singapore in the late 1990s. The first few walking heritage trails were the Civic District Trails launched in 1999. The idea behind these trails was to allow people to get to know more about Singapores history and heritage in an engaging and accessible way, integrating recreation with education. To date, NHB has developed a total of 9 heritage trails (Singapore River Trail, Civic District Trail, WWII Trail, Community Heritage Trails like Balestier, Jalan Besar, Bukit Timah, Queenstown, Yishun-Sembawang and Ang Mo Kio), which are accompanied by trail map guides and markers specially designed to give each trail a distinctive look and feel.

COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT THROUGH HERITAGE TRAILS


The first few heritage trails developed by NHB were presented based on official documents and secondary source research. However, with increasing public awareness and appreciation of heritage, the heritage trails have evolved into important platforms for communities to learn about and contribute towards documenting and remembering their own heritage. In 2005, NHB reviewed the heritage trails and started working with local communities, to create Community Heritage Trails to encourage community contributions and participation in the trail development, and to allow the trails to bring back nostalgic memories to the people. The trails include places of social memories and history which the community can relate strongly to, in addition to the official history of Singapore. In addition, NHB aims to get the older and younger residents to talk about their memories of the place, to better appreciate the history of the place they called home and promote inter-generational bonding.

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SINGAPORE CULTURAL STATISTICS 2012

SPECIAL FEATURE ON HERITAGE TRAILS BY THE NATIONAL HERITAGE BOARD

Recently launched NHB trails such as the Balestier Community Heritage Trail and the Ang Mo Kio Community Heritage Trail utilise this approach. BALESTIER COMMUNITY HERITAGE TRAIL Since its launch in 2006, the Balestier Heritage Trail has brought many people on a nostalgic journey as they walked down the old shop houses and explored the area to discover interesting trades, landmarks and good food. In conjunction with the reopening of the Sun Yat Sen Nanyang Memorial Hall in October 2011, NHB and the Urban Redevelopment Authority (URA) worked closely together to further enhance and promote the appreciation of the area's heritage through an updated trail. As part of the enhancement works, the existing Balestier Community Heritage Trail was upgraded with new storyboards and newly designed heritage markers. As Balestier was formerly a sugar cane plantation, the NHBs heritage trails markers were designed with sugarcane motifs, and these were erected at road junctions to act as distinctive identity markers.

A heritage marker designed and installed by NHB on the Balestier Heritage Trail. Notice the sugarcane motifs on the markers reflecting Balestiers past as a sugar cane plantation

SINGAPORE CULTURAL STATISTICS 2012

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SPECIAL FEATURE ON HERITAGE TRAILS BY THE NATIONAL HERITAGE BOARD

ANG MO KIO COMMUNITY HERITAGE TRAIL The Ang Mo Kio Community Heritage Trail was launched by Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong on 16th July 2011 in conjunction with the launch of Singapore HeritageFest 2011 (SHF11). The Ang Mo Kio trail was created in collaboration with grassroots organisations, schools, long-time residents, former villagers and business owners in Ang Mo Kio, as well as the local MPs. This enabled NHB to document the heritage of Ang Mo Kio through the history of its landmarks and places for community activities, interwoven with personal memories and stories from residents. The project helped to generate greater awareness and rootedness of the residents for their local community heritage, and provided opportunity for many students from Ang Mo Kio schools to conduct and share valuable research into the heritage of their local neighborhood. The project helped to strengthen students and residents roots to the community. WORLD WAR II TRAILS The year 2012 marks the 70th anniversary of the fall of Singapore, which is the darkest chapter in Singapores story. The fateful event cut across all Singaporeans regardless of race, language or religion and had a profound impact on the subsequent nation building of Singapore. To commemorate the 70th anniversary of the fall of Singapore, NHB and the Ministry of Information, Communications and the Arts (MICA), launched a WWII Trail and Resilience Trails in February 2012 to raise public awareness, especially among post-war generations, of this dark chapter in Singapores history. Wartime stories presented through the trails were designed to share the experiences and lessons of the war with younger generations. The WWII Trail highlights 50 places of historical significance relating to the war, and features NHBs 14 existing WWII historical markers, which were installed in 1995 to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the end of the Pacific War. A further six new markers joined the existing 14 to present more information and archival images of the war. All 20 markers have been routed into a new WWII trail, which marks these important sites and links them into a comprehensive story of the war and its impact on Singapore.
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SPECIAL FEATURE ON HERITAGE TRAILS BY THE NATIONAL HERITAGE BOARD

Student volunteers at the opening of the Ang Mo Kio Heritage Trail, July 2011

MICA Minister, Dr Yaacob Ibrahim, accompanying students and visitors on the opening of the WWII and Resilience Trails

FUTURE OF HERITAGE TRAILS


NHBs heritage trails have been popular with the public, as indicated in the findings of the Heritage Awareness Survey 2011 conducted by NHB. The survey found that 47.5% of the respondents indicated that they had visited historic districts and heritage trails at least once a year, the highest amongst a list of five heritage activities surveyed2 . With the increased focus on community engagement and the increasingly public awareness of Singapores heritage, NHB will be developing more heritage trails over the next few years. The aim is to develop heritage trails across Singapore, to highlight the unique community heritage and encourage more Singaporeans to appreciate and enjoy our unique and rich heritage.
[All images courtesy of the National Heritage Board]
2

The five heritage activities surveyed are: 1) Historic districts and heritage trails; 2) Heritage buildings & monuments; 3) Exhibitions on culture, history and heritage; 4) Private museums and galleries; and 5) National museums in Singapore (NMS, ACM, SAM, TPM, etc).

SINGAPORE CULTURAL STATISTICS 2012

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A. ARTS AND CULTURAL SCENE / IV. LIBRARY RESOURCES

IV. LIBRARY RESOURCES In terms of library resources, total collections have been stable between 8.31mil and 8.66mil from 2004 to 2011 (Chart A-7).

10,000,000 9,000,000 8,000,000 7,000,000 Total Collections 6,000,000 5,000,000 4,000,000 3,000,000 2,000,000 1,000,000 0

Chart A-7:

2004 Total Collections* English Chinese Malay Tamil Special Materials 8,309,792 5,169,575 1,939,234 611,077 275,659 314,247

2005 8,305,962 5,100,796 1,976,472 598,549 304,229 325,915

2006 8,447,251 5,203,592 1,978,283 605,123 296,423 363,830

2007 8,602,815 5,278,610 1,996,475 631,658 313,005 383,067

2008 8,631,171 5,289,239 1,940,824 649,184 353,023 398,901

2009^ 7,880,115 5,137,132 1,584,172 504,148 317,258 337,405

2010 8,446,717 5,563,088 1,653,311 529,896 335,928 364,494

2011 8,657,663 5,649,004 1,761,429 522,081 340,269 384,880

LIBRARY COLLECTIONS

Source: National Library Board * Collections refer to the library materials owned by the National Library Board. These include books, serials and special materials. ^ There was a decline in 2009 arising from a review to retain only titles that are relevant and useful so as to optimise display and storage spaces.

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SINGAPORE CULTURAL STATISTICS 2012

A. ARTS AND CULTURAL SCENE / IV. LIBRARY RESOURCES

The total number of legal deposits in NLB libraries, which reflects the number of books published each year in Singapore, shows a general decreasing trend from 14,490 in 2007 to 8,290 in 2011 (Chart A-8).

16,000 14,000 Number of Legal Deposits 12,000 10,000 8,000 6,000 4,000 2,000 0

Chart A-8:

2004 Total English Chinese Malay Tamil Others 7,742 5,435 1,960 233 114 -

2005 9,081 6,172 2,525 260 124 -

2006 8,778 6,594 1,964 114 106 -

2007 14,490 11,426 2,805 143 116 -

2008 11,930 9,407 2,026 277 220 -

2009 12,608 8,814 3,058 316 244 176

2010 10,498 8,222 1,874 166 166 70

2011 8,290 6,224 1,576 172 150 168

LEGAL DEPOSITS

Source: National Library Board

SINGAPORE CULTURAL STATISTICS 2012

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Attendance of ticketed arts and cultural events hit a high of more than 2.1 million in 2011.

B. ARTS AND CULTURAL ENGAGEMENT / I. ATTENDANCE AT ARTS AND CULTURAL EVENTS

B. ARTS AND CULTURAL ENGAGEMENT


This section presents statistics on the different aspects of community engagement and participation in arts and cultural activities, as well as visitorship to museums and libraries. I. ATTENDANCE AT ARTS AND CULTURAL EVENTS Total ticketed attendance of performing arts events has increased from 971,600 in 2003 to 2.14mil in 2011 (Chart B-1).
2,200,000 2,000,000 1,800,000 1,600,000 Ticketed Attendance 1,400,000 1,200,000 1,000,000 800,000 600,000 400,000 200,000 0

Chart B-1:

2003 Ticketed Attendance** Music Dance Theatre Others 971,600 382,800 108,200 422,300 58,400

2004 1,057,000 455,200 115,900 456,200 29,700

2005 1,190,000 408,100 126,100 522,300 133,400

2006 1,263,500 464,500 122,100 561,000 116,000

2007 1,427,300 531,900 126,500 681,900 87,100

2008 1,468,000 499,100 144,400 773,800 50,700

2009 1,400,000 423,700 127,800 630,700 217,900

2010 1,377,900 447,200 243,200 615,200 72,200

2011 2,136,800 535,600 177,000 1,424,200 -

TICKETED ATTENDANCE AT PERFORMING ARTS* EVENTS

Source: National Arts Council * Performing arts refer to folk, traditional, classical and contemporary forms of dance, music, theatre and other performances. Popular genres of arts events like Pop and Rock music and Film are not included. From 2011 onwards, performances classified under 'Others' (e.g. acrobatic arts, cultural concerts and multi-disciplinary performances) have been reclassified under existing genres (i.e. Music/Dance/Theatre). ** Refers to attendance at performing arts events that require a ticketed for entry. Includes tickets sold and complimentary ticketed issued. Total ticketed attendance per year might not add up as ticketed attendance for each art form was rounded off to the nearest hundred.
19 SINGAPORE CULTURAL STATISTICS 2012

B. ARTS AND CULTURAL ENGAGEMENT / I. ATTENDANCE AT ARTS AND CULTURAL EVENTS

Total tickets sold for performing arts events increased from 652,400 in 2004 to 1.31mil in 2011. Correspondingly, total gross takings increased from $32.79mil in 2004 to $102.92 mil in 2011 (Chart B-2).

1,400,000 1,200,000 Number of Tickets Sold 1,000,000 800,000 600,000 400,000 200,000 0

140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 2004 2007 775,200 239,700 61,700 443,200 30,600 48.16 2008 675,200 198,400 69,800 401,900 5,100 37.54 2009 820,200 262,600 72,900 479,800 4,900 42.58 2010 845,500 252,900 56,700 526,700 9,200 50.53 2011 1,313,800 206,500 104,700 988,700 13,900 102.92 Gross Takings ($mil)
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Chart B-2:

TICKET SALES FOR PERFORMING ARTS* EVENTS

Total tickets sold** Music Dance Theatre Others Total Gross Takings ($mil)

652,400 243,100 46,800 303,500 59,000 32.79

Source: National Arts Council * Performing arts refer to folk, traditional, classical and contemporary forms of dance, music, theatre and other performances. Popular genres of arts events like Pop and Rock music and Film are not included. The "Others" category for tickets sold and gross takings is defined by Sistic and Gatecrash, which include events such as art and cultural workshops and seminars. ** 2004 figures reflect ticketed sold through Sistic only. 2007 figures reflect tickets sold through Sistic and Gatecrash. Gatecrash was established in 2005. The figures do not include tickets sold through Ticketcharge/Tickets.com and other site-specific or independent ticketing service providers.

SINGAPORE CULTURAL STATISTICS 2012

B. ARTS AND CULTURAL ENGAGEMENT / I. ATTENDANCE AT ARTS AND CULTURAL EVENTS

The number of non-ticketed attendance at arts and culture events has increased over the years (Chart B-3). Some of these events include the Singapore HeritageFest 2011 (1.21mil attendees), Singapore Arts Festival 2011 (30,000 attendees), and the inaugural Singapore Writers Festival 2011 (6,000 attendees).

12,000,000 10,000,000 Non-ticketed Attendance 8,000,000 6,000,000 4,000,000 2,000,000 0

Chart B-3:

2006 Arts Events* Heritage Events** Library Events*** 2,537,400 2,740,500 5,440,083

2007 2,761,100 4,215,800 7,150,865

2008 2,511,600 4,317,400 6,424,825

2009 2,748,200 7,058,200 9,249,241

2010 2,605,000 8,787,900 9,393,927

2011 2,569,419 7,700,000 10,925,301

NON-TICKETED ATTENDANCE AT ARTS AND CULTURAL EVENTS

Source: National Arts Council, National Heritage Board and National Library Board * Refers to attendances at outreach events organised and supported by the Peoples Association, National Arts Council and Esplanade. ** Refers to attendances at outreach events organised by the National Heritage Board. These events include community outreach activities organised by NHB institutions and museums, including Singapore HeritageFest. In order to provide a more accurate picture of heritage outreach efforts, from 2011, this figure excludes some heritage events where attendance figures may be indeterminate or may include incidental viewership. *** Refers to attendances at outreach events organised by the National Library Board.

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SINGAPORE CULTURAL STATISTICS 2012

B. ARTS AND CULTURAL ENGAGEMENT / I. ATTENDANCE AT ARTS AND CULTURAL EVENTS

The percentage of Singaporeans who have attended at least one arts event in the past year has increased from 27% in 2002 to 48% in 2011 (Chart B-4).

60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0%

Percentage of Singaporeans attending at least one Arts event

Chart B-4:

2002

2005

2009

2011

PERCENTAGE OF SINGAPOREANS WHO HAVE ATTENDED AT LEAST ONE ARTS EVENT IN THE PAST YEAR
Source: Population Survey of the Arts 2002, 2005, 2009 & 2011

% of Singaporeans attending at least one Arts event

27%

33%

40%

48%

SINGAPORE CULTURAL STATISTICS 2012

22

B. ARTS AND CULTURAL ENGAGEMENT / I. ATTENDANCE AT ARTS AND CULTURAL EVENTS

The top three most popular forms of arts and cultural events in 2011 were Theatre, Music and Visual Arts (Table B-1).

Table B-1:

Form of Arts and Cultural Event Theatre Music Visual Arts

Arts Attendance Rate (%) 36% 21% 16%

MOST POPULAR FORMS OF ARTS AND CULTURAL EVENTS

Source: Population Survey of the Arts 2011

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SINGAPORE CULTURAL STATISTICS 2012

B. ARTS AND CULTURAL ENGAGEMENT / I. ATTENDANCE AT ARTS AND CULTURAL EVENTS

There have been significant increases in arts consumption across most demographic groups over the last decade, a trend that suggests that the arts is reaching out to more segments of society. Although arts consumption is still skewed towards youths (aged 15-19), graduates and the higher income group, there have been significant increases among those aged 20 to 34, as well as those aged 50 to 64. There was also a growth among the lower income group, as well as those of lower educational levels. The breakdown of arts attendees by different demographic groups is as follows (Table B-2). Table B-2:
Year Overall Age 15-19 years old 20-34 years old 35-49 years old 50-64 years old Gender Male Female Race Chinese Malay Indian & Others Marital Status Single Married w/o children Married with children Housing Private housing HDB 5-room or bigger HDB 4-room HDB 1 to 3 room Monthly Household Income Above $8,000 $4,001 - $8,000 $2,001 - $4,000 Up to $2,000 Education Level Degree & above Diploma/A Level/Pre university ITE/O level and below 2002 27% 43% 34% 20% 21% 26% 28% 29% 12% 34% 36% 36% 20% 49% 29% 20% 19% 57% 37% 20% 15% 50% 35% 16% 2005 33% 50% 38% 31% 24% 31% 35% 32% 33% 43% 43% 34% 28% 53% 37% 28% 28% 51% 40% 34% 21% 54% 43% 25% 2009 40% 64% 42% 42% 29% 34% 46% 41% 34% 42% 45% 29% 40% 54% 47% 34% 30% 62% 46% 36% 25% 49% 54% 32% 2011 48% 60% 63% 51% 41% 49% 47% 48% 59% 47% 58% 53% 43% 74% 48% 42% 36% 64% 48% 38% 34% 68% 55% 37%

PERCENTAGE OF SINGAPOREANS WHO HAVE ATTENDED AT LEAST ONE ARTS EVENT IN THE PAST YEAR

Source: Population Survey of the Arts 2011 The figures denote the percentage of Singaporeans in that demographic group who attended at least one arts event in the past year. For example, 60% of Singaporeans aged between 15-19 years old attended at least one arts event in 2011.
SINGAPORE CULTURAL STATISTICS 2012 24

SPECIAL FEATURE ON THE POPULATION SURVEY OF THE ARTS BY THE NATIONAL ARTS COUNCIL

The National Arts Council conducted the seventh biennial national population survey on the arts in 2011. This study aimed to track the consumption and participation level of Singapore residents in arts and cultural activities, as well as understand their perceptions towards arts and culture. About 2,000 households were surveyed and the respondents were representative of our national demographics and socio-economic profile. The highlights of the survey are presented below. A full report will be published later in the year.

ARTS INVOLVEMENT
2011 saw more Singaporeans consuming arts and cultural performances, exhibitions or other events. 1 in 2 Singapore residents had watched an arts performance or attended an exhibition or event at least once during the year. This was 8% higher than the last survey in 2009. Among the activities Singapore residents attended, Theatre and Dance saw the largest increases, while Theatre and Music remain the two most popular art forms. Compared to 2009, the proportion of Singapore residents actively participating in arts and culture was constant at 19%. Active participation is defined as having direct and purposeful involvement, for example, having an arts and culture-related hobby; attending workshops, classes, talks; participating in a performance, exhibition or competition; participating in dialogues on arts and culture; and giving to or volunteering in the arts. Participation levels were relatively stable across the art forms, with the exception of Theatre which saw a slight dip of 4%. Music remained the most popular. Almost all involved in the arts said that they would either continue or increase their involvement in arts and culture. Among those who were not involved in the arts in the past 12 months, 50% indicated an interest. This is in line with the steady downward trend from 43% to 27% of all respondents in 2005 and 2011 respectively, who said they had no interest in the arts.

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SINGAPORE CULTURAL STATISTICS 2012

SPECIAL FEATURE ON THE POPULATION SURVEY OF THE ARTS BY THE NATIONAL ARTS COUNCIL

PERCEPTIONS OF ARTS
Regardless of their involvement in the arts, a majority of Singaporeans believed in the personal and social benefits of the arts. Close to 70% of Singapore residents believed that the arts provided a better understanding of people with different backgrounds and cultures, as well as helped in the expression of their thoughts, feelings and ideas. Over 60% agreed or strongly agreed that the arts also improved their quality of life and provided inspiration that led to greater creativity. In comparison, only 50% of Singaporeans agreed with the arts impact on a sense of belonging to Singapore and on our national identity. Most Singaporeans also felt drawn to the arts for entertainment, and as a good way for them to relax and spend time with their friends and family. The study also showed that negative perceptions of arts and culture were decreasing. For those who had been involved in the arts in the last 12 months and those who had not, there was a significant difference of 15-20% in the formers positive affirmation of the arts personal and social impact.
SINGAPORE CULTURAL STATISTICS 2012 26

SPECIAL FEATURE ON THE POPULATION SURVEY OF THE ARTS BY THE NATIONAL ARTS COUNCIL

UNDERSTANDING INVOLVEMENT BY POPULATION SEGMENTS


A few population segments in the survey showed interesting patterns of arts involvement vis--vis the average arts consumer or participant. These patterns provide insights for arts organisations seeking to involve these population segments, to develop arts programmes that can better relate to the different needs and interests. YOUTH (AGED 15 to 24 YEARS) Among all population segments, youths were the most involved in the arts. 61% of youths had attended an arts performance, exhibition or event in the last 12 months. The majority of youths usually went for such activities with their friends. Since many were students, other than arts venues, schools were the next most frequented venues for the arts, followed by museums and community clubs. Although 3 out of 4 youths felt that arts and culture helped them express their thoughts, feelings and ideas, only 1 in 4 youths actively participated in the arts. Nonetheless, this was still an increase from 1 in 5 in 2009 with music as the most popular art form in terms of participation. It is also interesting to note that youths were the most receptive of the notion that arts and culture broadens ones mind. Not surprisingly, online media had the most traction among this segment, with 41% of youths finding about art events through email, websites or social media. That said, mainstream media was still a popular way of reaching out to youths with 22% and 17% of youths still getting information about the arts from the television and newspapers respectively. PROFESSIONALS, MANAGERS, EXECUTIVES AND BUSINESSMEN (PMEB) PMEBs generally attended arts and cultural performances, exhibitions or events at a higher frequency compared to the average arts consumer. 2011 saw more than half of the PMEBs attending at least one arts and cultural event. This segment was the main group driving growth in genres such as musicals, pop concerts, indie music performances, as well as painting and photography exhibitions. 75% of PMEBs attended such events at arts venues, and often did so with their friends or family members. While the majority of PMEBs agreed that arts and culture helped in self expression, only 19% participated actively in arts and culture. Out of this, more than half had an arts-related hobby, with music being the most popular art form. For those who participate, most did so either at arts venues or at home. In terms of outreach, while online media and television were popular sources of information for PMEBs, the newspaper was the dominant source.

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SINGAPORE CULTURAL STATISTICS 2012

SPECIAL FEATURE ON THE POPULATION SURVEY OF THE ARTS BY THE NATIONAL ARTS COUNCIL

MARRIED WITH CHILDREN Arts consumption among respondents who were married with children at 44% was slightly lower than the national average by 5%. In terms of attendance, variety shows were the most popular while music events were the least popular. Besides arts venues, community centres/clubs were also popular venues for arts events for this demographic segment. Among those who participated in the arts, 56% had an arts-related hobby which they commonly practised at home or at the community centre. Interestingly, despite the relatively lower attendance for music events, music was the most popular art form in terms of participation. Among the reasons cited by those in this population segment who were not involved in the arts over the last 12 months, the lack of time was the key reason. Half of them also held the view that arts and culture was not relevant to their lives. Regardless of their involvement in the arts, this population segment was also most positive towards the arts providing a better understanding of people of different backgrounds and cultures. SENIOR CITIZENS AND RETIREES (AGED ABOVE 65 YEARS) Senior citizens were among the least involved in arts and culture, with the lowest consumption and participation rates at 26% and 14% respectively. The main barrier cited was the lack of familiarity with artists and the arts and culture scene. Seniors who attended arts performances preferred traditional art forms to contemporary productions. If they were actively participating, they were likely to have a music-related hobby. As mobility might be an issue, most senior citizens attended events closer to home, at community centres, and with their families. Interestingly, they were the only segment that showed a higher than average level of involvement at museums and places of worship. Most seniors obtained information about arts and culture through traditional media such as television and newspaper, but word of mouth at 15% among seniors was highest among all the population segments. However, online media had almost no traction.
[All images courtesy of the National Arts Council]

SINGAPORE CULTURAL STATISTICS 2012

28

B. ARTS AND CULTURAL ENGAGEMENT / II. AWARENESS AND APPRECIATION OF ARTS AND CULTURE

II. AWARENESS AND APPRECIATION OF ARTS AND CULTURE ATTITUDE TOWARDS ARTS AND CULTURE Attitude towards arts and culture has generally been positive in Singapore. The Population Survey of the Arts conducted in 2011 revealed that 62% of Singaporeans agreed that arts enriches their quality of life while 64% of Singaporean agreed that arts and culture broadens their minds and encourages creativity. In the Heritage Awareness Survey conducted in 2011, 72.5% of Singaporeans agreed that it is important to gain a good understanding of Singapores history and heritage and 74.7% agreed that having a better understanding of Singapores history and heritage would increase their sense of belonging. HERITAGE ENGAGEMENT INDEX* The Heritage Engagement index (HEI) is a multi-indicator index that takes into account: Personal sense of belonging and commitment to Singapore Awareness and appreciation of Singapores history and heritage; and Personal pride in Singapores culture and heritage.

The HEI was 63.6% in 2011.


* The HEI was newly introduced in 2011 to be more in-line with NHBs strategic objectives. The Heritage Awareness Index was used previously, which took into account confidence in imparting heritage knowledge; personal involvement in heritage activities; personal interest in cultural traditions, customs and practice; and valorisation of the role of local heritage. The HAI was 5.24 (out of a 10-point scale) in 2003, 6.25 in 2006 and 6.34 in 2008.

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SINGAPORE CULTURAL STATISTICS 2012

B. ARTS AND CULTURAL ENGAGEMENT / III. MUSEUMS VISITORSHIP

III. MUSEUMS VISITORSHIP Total Museum Roundtable Visitorship in Singapore has more than trebled from 2.13mil in 2004 to 8.38mil in 2011 (Chart B-5).

9,000,000 8,000,000 7,000,000 Number of Visitors 6,000,000 5,000,000 4,000,000 3,000,000 2,000,000 1,000,000 0

Chart B-5:

2004 Total Museum Roundtable Visitorship*

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011^

MUSEUM ROUNDTABLE VISITORSHIP

2,134,100

2,712,100

4,262,700

5,207,300

6,584,300

6,648,500

7,725,800

8,380,400

Source: National Heritage Board * Total visitorship includes visitorship to National Museums and non-National Heritage Board museums. ^ Figure for 2011 is an estimate.

SINGAPORE CULTURAL STATISTICS 2012

30

B. ARTS AND CULTURAL ENGAGEMENT / III. MUSEUMS VISITORSHIP

Similarly, visitorship to NHB museums has increased from 707,100 in 2004 to 2.92mil in 2011 (Chart B-6).
3,000,000 2,500,000 Museum Visitorship 2,000,000 1,500,000 1,000,000 500,000 0

Chart B-6:

2004 NHB Museums* Visitorship Asian Civilisations Museum National Museum of Singapore The Peranakan Museum** Singapore Art Museum^ Singapore Philatelic Museum Memories at Old Ford Factory Reflections at Bukit Chandu Sun Yat Sen Nanyang Memorial Hall^^ Malay Heritage Centre^^ The National Art Gallery, Singapore (TNAGS)# 707,100 240,800 87,700 378,600 -

2005 833,400 450,400 84,600 298,400 -

2006 1,134,500 537,100 292,900 304,500 -

2007 1,855,600 614,400 753,800 309,500 92,500 27,300 58,100 -

2008 2,618,100 683,700 811,400 244,400 665,300 99,000 25,500 88,800 -

2009 2,815,400 739,000 858,000 270,800 743,600 107,400 26,000 70,600 -

2010 2,717,500 777,300 847,100 224,800 639,700 105,100 30,100 53,400 40,000

2011 2,921,400 813,100 932,600 236,800 636,600 116,000 35,500 55,700 81,100 14,000 -

VISITORSHIP TO NHB MUSEUMS

Source: National Heritage Board * NHB museums visitorship from 2003 to 2006 does not include visitorship for Singapore Philatelic Museum, Memories of Old Ford Factory and Reflections at Bukit Chandu. ** The Peranankan Museum opened on 25 April 2008. ^ Includes 8Q SAM which opened on 15 August 2008. ^^ NHB is the appointed operator of Sun Yat Sen Nanyang Memorial Hall and the Malay Heritage Centre. Sun Yat Sen Nanyang Memorial Hall was reopened on 8 October 2011 after completing redevelopment. The Malay Heritage Centre is currently closed for redevelopment and is slated to reopen in September 2012. # Visitorship to TNAGS was due to the TNAGS Open House held at the former Supreme Court building. Figures from 2004 to 2008 are based on Financial Year and figures from 2009 are based on Calendar Year.
31 SINGAPORE CULTURAL STATISTICS 2012

B. ARTS AND CULTURAL ENGAGEMENT / IV. LIBRARY VISITORSHIP AND SERVICES

IV. LIBRARY VISITORSHIP AND SERVICES Physical visitorship to the libraries has risen from 31.2mil in 2003 to 37.5mil in 2011 (Chart B-7). The number of library loans has increased from 27.5mil in 2003 to 36.6mil in 2011 while loans per capita ranged between 5.7 and 7.1 from 2003 to 2011.

45.0 40.0 Physical Visitorship & Library Loans (mil) 35.0 30.0 25.0 20.0 15.0 10.0 5.0 0

9.0 8.0 7.0 6.0 5.0 4.0 3.0 2.0 1.0 0.0 2003 2004 30.5 2005 31.7 2006 36.2 2007 38.2 2008 37.1 2009 38.7 2010 36.9 2011 37.5 Loans per Capita
32

Chart B-7:

LIBRARY VISITORSHIP AND LIBRARY LOANS

Physical Visitorship* (mil) Library Loans** (mil) Loans per Capita

31.2

27.5

26.3

27.7

28.6

28.8

27.8

31.5

33.2

36.6

6.6

6.3

6.5

6.5

6.3

5.7

6.3

6.5

7.1

Source: National Library Board * Reflects visitorship to national and public libraries. Includes Lee Kong Chian Reference Library which opened in 2005. ** Refers to loans at public libraries.

SINGAPORE CULTURAL STATISTICS 2012

B. ARTS AND CULTURAL ENGAGEMENT / IV. LIBRARY VISITORSHIP AND SERVICES

Digital visitorship increased from 5.75mil in 2008 to 8.62mil in 2011 (Chart B-8). E-retrievals have also increased from 26.7mil in 2008 to 50.5mil in 2011, in tandem with the increase in the number of e-books from 0.77mil in 2008 to 2.31mil in 2011.

60.00 50.00 40.00 30.00 20.00 10.00 0.00

3.00 Number of e-books (mil) 2.50 2.00 1.50 1.00 0.50 0.00 2008 2009 5.82 44.6 0.91 2010 7.86 47.7 1.22 2011 8.62 50.5 2.31

Chart B-8:

DIGITAL VISITORSHIP, E-RETRIEVALS AND E-BOOKS

Digital Visitorship* (mil) E-retrievals** (mil) Number of e-books (mil copies)

Digital Visitorship and e-retrievals (mil)

5.75 26.7 0.77

Source: National Library Board * Digital visitorship for 2008 measures the unique logons to the National Library Board websites. From 2009, it measures number of visits to NLB websites with a time span of at least 30 minutes. ** Refers to retrievals of electronic resources in the digital library, which include subscribed databases and e-books.

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SINGAPORE CULTURAL STATISTICS 2012

B. ARTS AND CULTURAL ENGAGEMENT / IV. LIBRARY VISITORSHIP AND SERVICES

NLB Library membership has increased steadily from 1.81mil in 2004 to 2.06mil in 2011 (Chart B-9).

2.5 NLB Library Membership (mil) 2.0 1.5 1.0 0.5 0.0

Chart B-9:

2003 NLB Library membership* (mil) 2.19

2004 1.81

2005 1.92

2006 1.91

2007 1.95

2008 1.99

2009 2.02

2010 2.04

2011 2.06

NLB LIBRARY MEMBERSHIP

Source: National Library Board * With effect from 2004, data exclude members who have no library transactions in the past 5 years. With effect from 2005, data include membership from public libraries only.

SINGAPORE CULTURAL STATISTICS 2012

34

B. ARTS AND CULTURAL ENGAGEMENT / IV. LIBRARY VISITORSHIP AND SERVICES

The number of research and reference enquiries has decreased from 46,010 in 2010 to 37,926 in 2011 (Chart B-10).

60,000 50,000 Research and Reference Enquiries 40,000 30,000 20,000 10,000 0

Chart B-10:

2006 Research and reference enquiries

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

RESEARCH AND REFERENCE ENQUIRIES AT LIBRARIES


Source: National Library Board

42,630

41,276

44,715

47,808

46,010

37,928

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SINGAPORE CULTURAL STATISTICS 2012

SPECIAL FEATURE ON THE NATIONAL LIBRARY BOARD

The National Library Board (NLB) seeks to foster a vibrant reading and learning culture in Singapore. The boards National Library and network of 24 public libraries provide our communities with the resources, programmes and facilities for reading and learning. Libraries are inclusive spaces that ensure all Singaporeans have fair access to knowledge for lifelong learning and personal development. They are well-loved places that bring together people from all walks of life through their shared love of reading and learning. The National Library also serves as the nations memory institution by preserving, curating and telling the Singapore Story for present and future generations of Singaporeans. By forging community partnerships, NLBs libraries provide a broad range of reading initiatives and programmes targeted at different segments of the community. NLBs key reading initiatives, programmes and services include:

READ! SINGAPORE
Launched in May 2005, READ! Singapore is an annual campaign that aims to cultivate the joy of reading and reinforce community bonding among Singaporeans. Driven by more than 100 reading clubs, READ! Singapore has attracted more than 215,000 participants. Since 2011, book lovers can read while on the go with the launch of MobileRead, a free application developed by NLB. MobileRead gives iPhone users free access to short stories selected for READ! Singapore. This year, READ! Singapore will be extended to children.

10,000 & MORE FATHERS READING!


Launched in June 2007, 10,000 & More Fathers Reading! encourages fathers and father figures, including grandfathers and male guardians who play important roles in the lives of children, to bond with their charges by reading together. Since its inception, the initiative has reached out to over 90,000 participants.
SINGAPORE CULTURAL STATISTICS 2012 36

SPECIAL FEATURE ON THE NATIONAL LIBRARY BOARD

kidsREAD
In 2004, NLB developed the kidsREAD programme to promote the joy of reading and cultivate good reading habits among children from lower income families. Since then, the programme has established 661 reading clubs and reached out to more than 16,000 children. Catering to children from four to eight years old, participants in the programme will be extended from one to five years. This will provide sustained assistance and access to learning support for children from pre-school to Primary 2.

MOLLY THE MOBILE LIBRARY


In April 2008, NLB launched Molly the Mobile Library Bus to reach those who are unable to visit the public libraries regularly. In February 2012, Molly was retrofitted with new technological features such as iPads to enhance the reading and learning experience of its visitors. Visitors can now check out multiple loan items simultaneously using the upgraded borrowing stations. Molly has also been equipped with a built-in ramp for the wheelchair-bound. Since 2008, Molly has reached out to more than 400 organisations, including special education schools, volunteer welfare organisations and homes, and served about 244,000 users. Over 749,000 loans have been made.

QUEST
Quest was started in 2009 by NLB to reach out to reluctant readers, particularly boys, aged 7 to 12 years. To date, over 175,000 children have read the story with the redemption of over 3.4 million cards and over 4.5 million book loans.

CONQUEST
Launched in November 2011, Conquest is an interactive reading programme that aims to instil a sense of belonging and national identity, particularly in teenagers aged 10 to 15 years old, with the use of board games. So far, Conquest has reached out to over 4,700 participants with the redemption of over 44,000 starter packs.
[All images courtesy of the National Library Board]

10,000 & More Fathers Reading! Initiative


37 SINGAPORE CULTURAL STATISTICS 2012

Molly the Mobile Library bus

Number of students enrolled in tertiary arts courses has doubled since 2004.

C. ARTS EDUCATION AND PARTICIPATION IN SCHOOLS / I. ARTS EDUCATION

C. ARTS EDUCATION AND PARTICIPATION IN SCHOOLS


This section presents statistics on student enrolment in arts education programmes as well as students participation in arts activities. I. ARTS EDUCATION Total enrolment in full-time tertiary arts courses has increased steadily from 1,860 in 2004 to 3,793 in 2011 (Chart C-1 and Table C-1).

4,000 3,500 3,000 2,500 2,000 1,500 1,000 500 0

Enrolment

Chart C-1:

2004 Total Enrolment Enrolment in diploma arts courses Enrolment in undergraduate art courses Enrolment in post-graduate art courses 1,860 817 970 73

2005 2,157 999 1,092 66

2006 2,631 1,379 1,154 98

2007 3,086 1,784 1,189 113

2008 3,173 1,851 1,180 142

2009 3,407 2,029 1,177 201

2010 3,637 2,267 1,165 205

2011 3,793 2,396 1,224 173

FULL-TIME ENROLMENT IN TERTIARY ARTS COURSES

Source: National Arts Council

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SINGAPORE CULTURAL STATISTICS 2012

C. ARTS EDUCATION AND PARTICIPATION IN SCHOOLS / I. ARTS EDUCATION

Table C-1:

Year Total Enrolment Enrolment in diploma arts courses Music Dance Theatre Visual Arts Multi-disciplinary Arts Administration Arts Education Enrolment in undergraduate arts courses Music Dance Theatre Visual Arts English Literature Multi-disciplinary Arts Administration Enrolment in post-graduate arts courses Visual Arts English Literature Arts Administration Others

2004 1,860 817 217 113 141 135 0 107 104

2005 2,157 999 248 99 124 147 124 136 121

2006 2,631 1,379 402 82 137 119 277 197 165

2007 3,086 1,784 500 83 133 211 389 292 176

2008 3,173 1,851 499 68 115 284 371 350 164

2009 3,407 2,029 533 84 131 312 431 381 157

2010 3,637 2,267 591 94 142 329 510 446 155

2011 3,793 2,396 608 105 148 317 584 471 163

BREAKDOWN OF FULL-TIME ENROLMENT IN TERTIARY ARTS COURSES

970 133 0 237 23 562 3 12

1,092 172 4 284 25 591 6 10

1,154 206 0 316 45 555 4 28

1,189 219 7 337 62 536 2 26

1,180 234 4 318 92 505 0 27

1,177 243 5 309 112 468 0 40

1,165 265 0 251 112 494 0 43

1,224 268 4 269 137 478 0 68

73 6 67 0 0

66 13 51 0 2

98 9 59 7 23

113 13 64 6 30

142 9 91 9 33

201 11 142 12 36

205 12 152 6 35

173 9 129 6 29

Source: National Arts Council

SINGAPORE CULTURAL STATISTICS 2012

40

C. ARTS EDUCATION AND PARTICIPATION IN SCHOOLS / I. ARTS EDUCATION

The enrolment of the School of the Arts (SOTA) rose from 239 in 2008 to 386 in 2009 and 772 in 2011 (Chart C-2).

900 800 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 0

Number of Students Enrolled

Chart C-2:

2008 Enrolment in SOTA 239

2009 386

2010 593

2011 772

ENROLMENT IN SCHOOL OF THE ARTS*


Source: School of the Arts, Singapore * School of the Arts was opened in January 2008.

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SINGAPORE CULTURAL STATISTICS 2012

C. ARTS EDUCATION AND PARTICIPATION IN SCHOOLS / I. ARTS EDUCATION

There were 132,298 students involved in arts-related CCAs in 2011 (Chart C-3 and Table C-2).

160,000 140,000 Number of Students Involved in Arts-related CCAs 120,000 100,000 80,000 60,000 40,000 20,000 0

Chart C-3:

2007
*

2008 124,095 68,217 30,508 8,999 16,371

2009 135,559 75,224 32,365 11,139 16,831

2010 142,139 75,275 36,528 11,034 19,302

2011 132,298 68,418 35,250 12,427 16,203

STUDENTS IN ARTS-RELATED CO-CURRICULAR ACTIVITIES

Total no. of students Music Dance Theatre Visual Arts

132,583 70,154 33,542 11,154 17,733

Source: Ministry of Education * Comprises students from Primary, Secondary, Junior Colleges and Centralised Institutes. Total Student Enrolment in Primary, Secondary, Junior Colleges and Centralised Institutes during the period from 2007 to 2010 were approximately 510,000 to 530,000 (Education Statistics Digest 2011).

SINGAPORE CULTURAL STATISTICS 2012

42

C. ARTS EDUCATION AND PARTICIPATION IN SCHOOLS / I. ARTS EDUCATION

Table C-2:

Year Total no. of students* Music Military/Brass Band Chinese Orchestra Choir/Xin Yao Instrumental Groups Dance Theatre Visual Arts Art & Craft Calligraphy

2007 132,583 70,154 22,650 11,970 19,389 16,145 33,542 11,154 17,733 16,139 1,594

2008 124,095 68,217 22,396 11,040 18,020 16,761 30,508 8,999 16,371 14,873 1,498

2009 135,559 75,224 23,115 13,677 20,008 18,424 32,365 11,139 16,831 14,741 2,090

2010 142,139 75,275 23,754 11,396 19,994 20,131 36,528 11,034 19,302 17,125 2,177

2011 132,298 68,418 21,129 10,601 18,146 18,542 35,250 12,427 16,203 16,054 149

BREAKDOWN OF STUDENTS IN ARTS-RELATED CO-CURRICULAR ACTIVITIES

Source: Ministry of Education * Comprises students from Primary, Secondary, Junior Colleges and Centralised Institutes.

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SINGAPORE CULTURAL STATISTICS 2012

Financial support to arts and culture has grown over the years.

D. FINANCIAL SUPPORT FOR ARTS AND CULTURE / I. ARTS AND CULTURE PHILANTHROPY

D. FINANCIAL SUPPORT FOR ARTS AND CULTURE


This section presents statistics on the private and public financial resources available to the arts and cultural sector. I. ARTS AND CULTURE PHILANTHROPY Contributions to Arts and Culture fluctuated between $107.1mil in 2009 and $40.6mil in 2011 (Chart D-1).

120 100 Contributions ($mil) 80 60 40 20 0

Chart D-1:

2003 Total Contributions* ($mil) Artefact Donations ($mil) Cash & In-kind Donations and Sponsorship ($mil) 97.8 26.5

2004 49.6 2.4

2005 52.8 1.6

2006 46.0 1.8

2007 49.1 2.5

2008 92.3 21.4

2009^ 107.1 75.6

2010 38.2 5.1

2011 40.6 2.7

CONTRIBUTIONS TO ARTS AND CULTURE

71.3

47.2

51.2

44.2

46.6

70.9

31.5

33.2

37.8

Source: National Arts Council, National Heritage Board and National Library Board * Includes cash and in-kind sponsorship and donations as well as artefact donations to arts, heritage and libraries. ^ The high contribution in 2009 was due to a donation of 113 works from China artist Wu Guanzhong with an appraised value of $73.8mil. All figures are based on Calendar Year, except for 2004 to 2007 data where contribution to heritage was computed based on Financial Year.

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SINGAPORE CULTURAL STATISTICS 2012

D. FINANCIAL SUPPORT FOR ARTS AND CULTURE / II. GOVERNMENT FUNDING

II. GOVERNMENT FUNDING Government funding for arts and culture has increased steadily from $230.2mil in 2005 to $437.2mil in 2011 (Chart D-2).
500 450 400 350 300 250 200 150 100 50 0

Government Funding ($mil)

Chart D-2:

2005 Total Government Funding* ($mil) Arts** Heritage^ Library^^ 230.2 55.1 47.1 128.0

2006 260.2 60.8 58.6 140.8

2007 284.4 67.8 69.0 147.6

2008 339.6 110.3 79.8 149.5

2009 355.2 98.9 94.2 162.1

2010 419.1 112.4 107.7 199.0

2011 437.2 136.5 110.9 189.8

GOVERNMENT FUNDING

Source: Ministry of Information, Communications and the Arts. * Reflects operating expenditure only. ** Reflects operating expenditure of National Arts Council, The Esplanade Co. Ltd and School of the Arts. ^ Reflects operating expenditure of National Heritage Board and Preservation of Monuments Board. ^^ Reflects operating expenditure of National Library Board. All figures are based on Financial Year.

SINGAPORE CULTURAL STATISTICS 2012

46

The arts and cultural sector employs more than 24,000 people and contributes more than $1.2 billion worth of Value-added to the economy.

E. ECONOMIC CONTRIBUTION OF THE ARTS AND CULTURAL SECTOR / I. ARTS AND CULTURAL MANPOWER

E. ECONOMIC CONTRIBUTION OF THE ARTS AND CULTURAL SECTOR


This section provides statistics on the contribution of the arts and cultural sector3 to Singapores economy. I. ARTS AND CULTURAL MANPOWER Employment in the arts and cultural sector has increased from 20,810 in 2003 to 24,863 in 2010 (Chart E-1).

30,000 25,000 Employment 20,000 15,000 10,000 5,000 0

Chart E-1:

2003 Total Employment Cultural Heritage Literary Arts Performing Arts Live Performing Arts Recorded Music Visual Arts Fine Art, Crafts & Collectibles Photography 20,810 769 6,359 4,485 2,735 1,750 9,197 3,139 6,058

2004 20,534 751 6,768 4,793 3,053 1,740 8,222 3,310 4,912

2005 21,275 793 7,123 4,983 3,148 1,835 8,376 2,940 5,436

2006 21,083 879 6,394 5,349 3,602 1,747 8,461 3,017 5,444

2007 21,269 1,016 6,887 5,491 3,585 1,906 7,875 3,206 4,669

2008 22,761 1,135 7,185 5,754 3,962 1,792 8,687 4,048 4,639

2009 24,682 1,183 7,794 6,868 4,800 2,068 8,837 3,818 5,019

2010* 24,863 1,241 7,829 7,560 5,596 1,964 8,233 3,680 4,553

TOTAL EMPLOYMENT

Source: Department of Statistics * 2010 figures are preliminary. 3 Data is based on the Cluster Definition for Arts and Culture provided in the Annex.

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SINGAPORE CULTURAL STATISTICS 2012

E. ECONOMIC CONTRIBUTION OF THE ARTS AND CULTURAL SECTOR / II. ECONOMIC VALUE OF THE ARTS AND CULTURAL SECTOR

II. ECONOMIC VALUE OF THE ARTS AND CULTURAL SECTOR Total nominal value-added of the arts and cultural sector has also increased steadily from $822mil in 2003 to $1.28bil in 2010 (Chart E-2).

1,400,000 1,200,000 Value-added ($'000) 1,000,000 800,000 600,000 400,000 200,000 0

Chart E-2:

2003 Total Value-added ($'000) Cultural Heritage Literary Arts Performing Arts Live Performing Arts Recorded Music Visual Arts Fine Art, Crafts & Collectibles Photography 821,816 45,624 280,742 155,157 76,126 79,031 340,293 57,698 282,595

2004 898,494 49,275 324,926 164,438 89,962 74,476 359,855 59,264 300,591

2005 948,914 50,409 368,977 156,735 93,093 63,642 372,793 71,998 300,795

2006 977,522 64,192 344,684 164,924 98,074 66,850 403,722 89,300 314,422

2007 1,124,270 71,495 379,723 183,387 115,008 68,379 489,665 88,668 400,997

2008 1,125,026 77,383 408,966 185,627 111,461 74,166 453,050 114,466 338,584

2009 1,238,655 76,307 428,057 216,001 135,762 80,239 518,290 102,997 415,293

2010* 1,280,819 86,098 434,182 249,040 168,992 80,048 511,499 116,906 394,593

TOTAL NOMINAL VALUEADDED

Source: Department of Statistics * 2010 figures are preliminary.

SINGAPORE CULTURAL STATISTICS 2012

49

E. ECONOMIC CONTRIBUTION OF THE ARTS AND CULTURAL SECTOR / II. ECONOMIC VALUE OF THE ARTS AND CULTURAL SECTOR

Total operating receipts for the arts and cultural sector has also increased steadily from $4.59bil in 2003 to $5.69bil in 2010 (Chart E-3).

7,000,000 6,000,000 Operating Receipts ($'000) 5,000,000 4,000,000 3,000,000 2,000,000 1,000,000 0

Chart E-3:

2003 Total Operating Receipts ($'000) Cultural Heritage Literary Arts Performing Arts Live Performing Arts Recorded Music Visual Arts Fine Art, Crafts & Collectibles Photography 4,592,101 15,953 1,396,491 568,856 157,939 410,917 2,610,801 292,077 2,318,724

2004 5,007,245 21,641 1,524,023 629,895 185,003 444,892 2,831,686 303,284 2,528,402

2005 5,282,849 25,977 1,670,102 606,099 180,261 425,838 2,980,671 315,481 2,665,190

2006 5,243,626 26,622 1,532,654 671,694 187,451 484,243 3,012,656 382,568 2,630,088

2007 6,009,641 38,225 1,760,370 725,687 222,746 502,941 3,485,359 443,858 3,041,501

2008 5,407,025 51,294 1,821,841 694,672 221,705 472,967 2,839,218 497,483 2,341,735

2009 5,642,667 36,823 1,852,189 746,935 268,119 478,816 3,006,720 393,655 2,613,065

2010* 5,690,396 34,726 1,942,752 775,694 303,313 472,381 2,937,224 453,581 2,483,643

TOTAL OPERATING RECEIPTS

Source: Department of Statistics * 2010 figures are preliminary.

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SINGAPORE CULTURAL STATISTICS 2012

ANNEX

ANNEX ARTS AND CULTURAL CLUSTER DEFINITION


Singapore Standard Industry Classification Code 2010 Cultural Heritage 9102/9104/94993 Museums and activities and operation of historical sites and buildings / Other cultural activities (e.g. cultural villages) / Associations of hobbies, recreational, cultural and extra-curricular activities (e.g. scouts /girl guides associations, book clubs and photo, music, art and craft clubs) Description

Literary Arts 46474 47610 58110 Performing Arts 74906 85420 90001/90002/90009 90003 90004 Live Performing Arts Agents for artistes, athletes, models and other performers Music, dancing, art, speech and drama instruction Theatrical producers except motion picture / Theatres and concert halls / Dramatic arts, music and other arts activities nec (e.g. stage lighting and sound services) Operas, wayang and puppet shows Orchestras and dance bands Recorded Music Wholesale of musical instruments and scores Wholesale of music and video recordings (e.g. record albums, compact discs, VCDs, DVDs) Retail sale of musical instruments and scores Retail sale of music and video recordings (e.g. record albums, compact discs, VCDs, DVDs) Sound recording production / Music publishing and distribution activities Wholesale of books and magazines Retail sale of books, newspapers and stationery (including news vendors) Publishing of books, brochures, musical books and other publications

46437 46442 47536 47620 59201/59202 Visual Arts 46451 46452 47741 47742

Fine Art, Crafts & Collectibles Wholesale of antiques and works of art Wholesale of handicrafts and gifts Retail sale of antiques and works of art Retail sale of handicrafts, collectibles and gifts Photography Wholesale of optical equipment and supplies (excluding binoculars) Wholesale of photographic equipment and supplies (including binoculars) Retail sale of cameras and other photographic goods Photo taking services (e.g. portrait or studio photography) Photo processing and finishing services Photographic activities nec
SINGAPORE CULTURAL STATISTICS 2012 51

46491 46492 47752 74201 74202 74209

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