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Chemistry Problem Set Chemical Bonds

1. Explain why the lattice energy of lithium chloride (861 kJ/mol) is greater than that of rubidium chloride (695 kJ/mol), given that they have similar arrangements of ions in the crystal lattice. (Atkins & Jones 85)

2. Give the number of valence electrons for each of the following elements: (a) Sb; (b) Si; (c) Mn; (d) B. (Atkins & Jones 86) 3. Give the ground-state electron configuration expected for each of the following ions: (a) S2-; (b) As3+ ; (c) Ru3+ ; (d) Ge2+. (Atkins & Jones 86)

4. For each of the following ground-state ions, predict the type of orbital (1s, 2p, 3d, 4f, etc.) that the electrons of highest energy will occupy: (a) Ca2+; (b) In+; (c) Te2-; (d) Ag+. (Atkins & Jones 86)

5. On the basis of the expected charges on the monatomic ions, give the chemical formula of each of the following compounds: (a) magnesium arsenide; (b) indium(III) sulfide; (c) aluminum hydride; (d) hydrogen telluride; (e) bismuth(III) fluoride. (Atkins & Jones 86)

6. Write the complete Lewis structure for each of the following compounds: (a) ammonium chloride; (b) potassium phosphide; (c) sodium hypochlorite. (Atkins & Jones 87) 7. Draw the Lewis structure and determine the formal charge on each atom in (a) NO+; (b) N2; (c) CO; (d) C22-; (e) CN- (Atkins & Jones 87) 8. Draw the Lewis structures that contribute to the resonance hybrid of the guanadium ion, C(NH2)3+. (Atkins & Jones 87) 9. Write the Lewis structure, including typical contributions to the resonance structure (where appropriate, allow for the possibility of octet expansion, including double bonds in different positions), for (a) sulfite ion; (b) hydrogen sulfite ion; (c) perchlorate ion; (d) nitrite ion. (Atkins & Jones 88)

10. Write the Lewis structure of each of the following reactive species, all of which are found to contribute to the destruction of the ozone layer, and indicate which are radicals: (a) chlorine monoxide, ClO; (b) dichloroperoxide, ClOOCl; (c) chlorine nitrate, ClONO2 (the central O atom is attached to the Cl atom and to the N atom of the NO2 group). (Atkins & Jones 88)

11. Place the following elements in order of increasing electronegativity: antimony, tin, selenium, indium. (Atkins & Jones 88) 12. Arrange the cations Rb2+, Be2+, and Sr2+ in order of increasing polarizing power. Give an explanation of your arrangement. (Atkins & Jones 88)

13. Place the following molecules and ions in order of decreasing bond length: (a) the CO bond in CO, CO2, CO32-; (b) the SO bond in SO2, SO3, SO32-; (c) the CN bond in HCN, CH2NH, CH3NH2. Explain your reasoning. (Atkins & Jones 88)

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