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::: SODECA ::: Sodeca Fans, Industrial Ventilation


E s paol C atal E nglis h Fran ais D euts c h P ortugus

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Fan System Calculation and Design


Fans - Basic Definitions Fan System Calculation and Design Ge ne ral Facility R e ne wals Airflow C alculation in Farm s Duct De sing Aids Loads loss coe fficie nts Intak e Ve locitie s C arrying Ve locitie s R e com m e nde d ve locitie s for ve ntilation syste m s C yclone Se parators Important Standards Practical Examples GENERAL FACILITY RENEWALS Num be r of re ne wals/hour, re com m e nde d de pe nding on the type of facility (DIN 1946 standard)

Type

of

facility/establishment
W ardrobe s Auditorium s C lassroom s Librarie s Painting cabins Strongroom s C ine m as, The atre s Dom e stic k itche ns C om m e rcial k itche ns Bathroom s Me e ting room s Showe rs Foundrie s Garage s

Renewal/hour
4-6 6-8 5-7 4-5 25-50 3-6 5-8 15-25 15-30 5-7 6-8 12-25 8-15 6

Type

of

facility/establishment
Laundrie s Accum ulator buildings Airbrushing facilitie s Paint facilitie s O ffice s Swim m ing pools Dipping baths R e staurants - C asinos C onfe re nce room s W aiting room s Photocopy room s Machine room s Me e ting room s W ork shops (high le ve l of disturbance ) W ork shops (low le ve l of disturbance ) Asse m bly work shops Solde r work shops Shops Dry cle ane rs C hanging room s stripping

Renewal/hour
10-20 5-10 10-20 5-15 4-8 3-4 0-80 8-12 6-8 4-6 10-15 10-40 5-10 10-20

Gym nasium s R oom s Dom e stic lavatory Public/industrial lavatory Laboratorie s R olling m ills

4-6 3-8 4-5 8-15 8-15 8-15

3-6 4-8 20-30 4-8 5-15 6-8

AIRFLOW CALCULATION IN FARMS R e com m e nde d airflow pe r anim al, de pe nding on the type of bre e d.
m3 /h per breed

Type
Poultry fatte ning Poultry fatte ning Poultry fatte ning

Age or Weight
C hick s 1 to 7 days old C hick s 1 to 7 we e k s old C hick s m ore than 7 we e k s old

Summer
1-3 5-8 8-10

Winter
0.1-0.2 0.2-0.3 0.3-0.5

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Laying he ns Laying he ns Laying he ns Laying he ns Pigle ts Pigle ts Pigle ts Pigle ts Pigle ts Fatte ning pigs Fatte ning pigs Fatte ning pigs Fatte ning pigs Fatte ning pigs Fatte ning pigs Fatte ning pigs Fatte ning pigs Fatte ning pigs Sows Sows Sows Sows with litte r Boars C alve s C alfs Fatte ning cattle C attle Fatte ning she e p 1 a1.5 k g 1.5 to 2 k g 2 to 3 k g 5 kg 10 k g 15 k g 20 k g 25 k g 25 k g 30 k g 40 k g 50 k g 60 k g 70 k g 80 k g 90 Kg 100Kg Post-we aning Mating Ge stating 10 litte r 3 we e k s 2 we e k s From 20 to 25 Kg 8-10 9-12 12-15 10-15 8 16 24 32 40 30 36 48 60 72 84 96 108 120 180 240 250 375 360 50 100 150 175-200 90-100 0.3-0.5 0.3-1 0.5-2 0.5-2 4 5 6 7 8 4 5 6 7 9 10 11 13 14 17 23 25 28 36 5-10 10-25 15-50 40-60 10-15

DUCT DESIGN AIDS

3.1 Designing elbow joints 3.2 Designing elbow joints with lateral joints 3.3. Designing the fan air inlet 3.4. Designing changes in duct cross section 3.5. Designing outlets with a chimney 3.6. Types of suction extractor hoods 3.7. Examples of optimal air inlets in facilities

LOAD LOSS COEFFICIENTS IN DUCTS AND ACCESSORIES The se coe fficie nts are use d to calculate the loss of load using the dynam ic pre ssure m e thod.

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This m e thod is base d on the fact that all of the load losse s, due to friction in ducts and stre ngth due to parts com ing away in acce ssorie s de pe nd on the dynam ic pre ssure , and can be calculate d by m ultiplying the dynam ic pre ssure by a friction loss factor. To obtain the dynam ic pre ssure the following form ula should be applie d:

W he re V is the ve locity at which the air flows in the duct.

4.1. Loss coefficients in extractor hoods 4.2. Loss coefficients in inlets 4.3. Loss coefficients in elbow joints 4.4. Loss coefficients in joints 4.5. Loss coefficients in cowls

INTAKE VELOCITIES The intake velocity is the m inim um air ve locity cause d by the hood re quire d to colle ct the air and carry the contam inating fluid towards it. The air ve locity achie ve d de pe nds on the suck e d airflow and the surface are a of the e x tractor hood.

CALCULATION TABLE
Ex am ple s of airflow calculations de pe nding on the contam inating fluid: distance be twe e n the e x tractor hood and the

Example 1

Example 2

CARRYING VELOCITIES The carrying ve locity of diffe re nt m ate rials de pe nds on the ir size , de nsity and the form of the m ate rial (Dalla Valle )

6.1. Vertical ascent velocity:

6.2 Horizontal movement velocity:

V = Ve locity, m /s

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s = De nsity of the m ate rial. d = Me an diam e te r of large st particle , m m .

6.3 Load loss through mixture friction:

Fm = Load loss through m ix ture friction: Fa = Air load loss Ws = Solid m ass Wa = Air m ass

RECOMMENDED VELOCITIES FOR VENTILATION SYSTEMS Function type Public buildings (m/s) Industrial plants (m/s)

O utside air intak e Air cle ane rs

2,5-4,5 2,5

5-6 2,5-3,0

Fan he ate r conne ction Main ducts

3,5-4,5 5,0-8,0

5-7 5-12

De rivations and asce nding branche s R e giste rs and supply grille s

2,5-3,0 1,2-2,3

4,5-9,0 -

Supply ope nings Supply grille s ne ar to floor

0,8-1,2

1,5-2,5 -

Asce nding tube s Main ducts

2,5-3,0 4,5-8,0

45-9,0 6-12

CYCLONE SEPARATORS

ST A N D A RD M E A SU RE M E N T S FO R C Y C L O N E SE P A RA T O RS C Y C L O N E SE P A RA T I O N FA C T O R (S)

V = T angential veloc ity r = Radius of the c yc lone = A / 2 g = E arth gravity ac c eleration

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C tra. de Berga, Km 0 ,7 - 0 8 5 8 0 Sant Q uirze de Bes ora (L atitude: 4 2 0 5 5 6 N - L ength: 0 2 1 2 3 3 W) BA RC E L O N A T el.: 3 4 9 3 8 5 2 9 1 1 1 - Fax: 34 938 529 042 L egal Warning A c c ordanc e with W3 C XH T M L 1 .0 C SS 2 .0

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