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Research Monograph

On

Necessity of Separate Justice System for the Juvenile: A Critical


Review
Course Title: Research Monograph
Course Code: LLB-4347

Submitted To:
Syed Sarfaraz Hamid
Asst.Professor and Research Supervisor
Department of Law
Northern University Bangladesh

Submitted By:
Shah Nusrat Jahan
LLB (Hons)
ID No: LLB 090101071
Department of Law
Northern University Bangladesh
Date of Submission: 08-12-2012

Letter of Transmittal

To
Syed Sarfaraz Hamid
Asst.Professor and Research Supervisor
Department of Law
Northern University Bangladesh
Subject: Submission of Research Monograph

Dear Sir,
I am the student of LLB program, Department of Law, Northern University Bangladesh. I am
happy and delighting to submit here with a copy of research report for your kind evaluation and
appreciation.
I made every endeavor to prepare this report and tried my level best to accumulate relevant and
insightful information. It is a great experience for me to work with this topic. I have tried to
make the report vivid and comprehensive within the scheduled time and limited resources. It is
nothing but a very little overview of mine this topic.
I shall be highly obliged if you clarify any matter or to provide any further information regarding
this report.

Sincerely yours,

...............................
Shah Nusrat Jahan
ID: LLB 090101071
LLB (Hons)
Department of Law
Northern University Bangladesh

Acknowledgement
I would like to offer my most sincere regards and profound gratitude to my supervisor and my
respected teacher Syed Sarfaraz Hamid, Asst.Professor and Research Supervisor, Department
of Law, Northern University Bangladesh, for his expert supervision, constant inspiration,
invaluable counseling, constructive instructions and concrete suggestions throughout the research
work.

I am grateful to my friends for their assistance and encouragement in writing this research paper.
At last I am grateful to Almighty Allah, who has been kind to complete this research paper.

Finally I am indebted to my parents and friends and classmates for their prayerful concerns and
supports.

Declaration
I do hereby declare that the Research Report, entitled Necessity of Separate Justice System
for the Juvenile:

A Critical Review, presented to the Department of Law Northern

University Bangladesh, is the outcome of the investigations performed by me under the


supervision of Syed Sarfaraz Hamid Asst.Professor and Research Supervisor Northern
University Bangladesh. I also declare that no part of this Research Report has been or is being
submitted elsewhere for the award of any degree.

Countersigned

Syed Sarfaraz Hamid


Asst.Professor and Research Supervisor
Department of Law
Northern University Bangladesh
(Supervisor)

Signature

Shah Nusrat Jahan


ID No: LLB 090101071
LLB (Hons)
Department of Law
Northern University Bangladesh
(Candidate)

Table of Contents
Chapter One
Introduction part---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------01-03
1.1 Introduction----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------01
1.2 Aims & Objectives Of The Study---------------------------------------------------------------------02
1.3 Research Methodology---------------------------------------------------------------------------------02
1.4 Limitation of the Study---------------------------------------------------------------------------------02
1.5 Scope of the Study--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------02
1.6 Importance of the Study--------------------------------------------------------------------------------03
Chapter Two
Concepts of Juvenile Separate Justice system----------------------------------------------------04-06
2.1 Meaning of Juvenile Delinquency--------------------------------------------------------------------04
2.2 Type of Crime of Juvenile Delinquency-------------------------------------------------------------04
2.3 Juveniles and Constitution-----------------------------------------------------------------------------05
2.4 Administration of Juvenile Justice in Bangladesh--------------------------------------------------05
2.5 How Does A Juvenile Delinquency Differ From An Adult Criminality-------------------------06
Chapter three
Historical Background--------------------------------------------------------------------------------07-15
3. 1 Historical Background---------------------------------------------------------------------------------07
3.2 Juvenile Justice System in Bangladesh---------------------------------------------------------------09
3.3 Juvenile Justice System in India-----------------------------------------------------------------------11
3.4 Juvenile Justice System in U.S.A---------------------------------------------------------------------13
3.5 Juvenile Justice System in U.K------------------------------------------------------------------------15
Chapter Four
National Instruments of Juvenile Justice System------------------------------------------------17-20
4.1 Constitutional Provision--------------------------------------------------------------------------------17
4.2 Statutory Laws relating to Juvenile Delinquency in Bangladesh --------------------------------17

Chapter Five
Juvenile Justice System of International Standards--------------------------------------------21-25
5.1 International Legal Framework for Juvenile Justice------------------------------------------------21
5.2 Minimum age of Penal Responsibility: International standards----------------------------------21
5.3 Arrest, Bail & Detention Pending trial: international Standards----------------------------------22
5.4 Trial Procedure: International Standards-------------------------------------------------------------24
5.5 Punishment: International Standards-----------------------------------------------------------------25
Chapter Six
Rights of Juvenile Delinquent------------------------------------------------------------------------27-29
6.1 Rights of Juvenile---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------27
6.2 Types of rights-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------27
6.3 Rights as Victim of Juvenile Delinquency-----------------------------------------------------------28
6.4 Juveniles Rights in Delinquency Proceeding-------------------------------------------------------29
6.5 International Instrument for Juvenile Rights--------------------------------------------------------29
Chapter Seven
Administration of Juvenile Justice System in Bangladesh-------------------------------------30-36
7.1 Juvenile justice system in Bangladesh----------------------------------------------------------------30
7.2 Establishment Of Juvenile Courts---------------------------------------------------------------------31
7.3 Arrest, bail, detention and discharge------------------------------------------------------------------32
7.4 Alternative Measures-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------33
7.5 Trial Procedure Of Juvenile Delinquent -------------------------------------------------------------33
7.6 Punishment Of Juvenile Delinquent -----------------------------------------------------------------35
7.7 Probation And Rehabilitation -------------------------------------------------------------------------36

Chapter Eight
Major Drawbacks in Juvenile Justice System in Bangladesh--------------------------------37-40
8.1 General Discussion--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------37
8.2 Problem Of Determine The Juvenile And Impose Criminal Responsibility --------------------38
8.3 Joint Trial-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------38
8.4 Adverse Court Environment---------------------------------------------------------------------------39
8.5 Lack of Facilities in Juvenile Correctional Centers------------------------------------------------39
8.6 Breaking of the Chain of Juvenile Justice System------------------------------------------------40
8.7 Lacking Of the Children Act, 1974------------------------------------------------------------------40
Chapter Nine
Recommendations and Conclusion
Recommendations---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------41-44
Conclusion------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------45-46
Bibliographical Index

------------------------------------------------------------------------------47-48