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CONTENTS (c'rcEcn:)

ritle (oi)
Preface

Page (ocqc6or)

r{?ffi|s

toottcolo(|

READERS,THANKS AND CON4MENTS

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E#q"dmp

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UNIT - l(A) Contractions (saC:er:om::op:)

$r@,{eq(9oo)
1oorpg&
eucu

I (B

) Greetings (s o5 3 $: ao.6ocn::crp:)

4
8

qplcoq

p8exn8o$, (o"pgl)

Giossary (m8groS oE:cu6: aloE)

3{srcu

UNIT-2

Introduction (8o5aoc6$3:)
(sz 8 o:,-S gE

10
11

qi"5 (R+ c<u&


orrfugan
1$o?$r

cc-q8qa5r

Glossary

:o3

a;cE)

UNIT - 3(A) Conversation (omr:.Qr{$E:)


Glos s ary (sz 8 grcS oE:
cu 6
: a;

I2 I4
15

h{

$pi{$s

prec6ut"e*

(*p$)

o3)

"q$E"l$
ogo5(qoG)r oE@E,QEo6:r

UNIT - 4(A) Conversation (ocnr:eQ:SpE:)


Glossary
( sa 8 c.n,-S

oE: cuE;

a1

o5)

l8 l9
.1-J

ou5$'q$'ffipuS' q$q$u

UNIT - 5(A) Conversation (o.n::.$"46E:)


Glossary ( m 8 c-,:<-S oE: o3
: a1

tmP*q&

{EcuE: (openeyes)

c,E)

'$s

cgoo

n11E

UNIT - 6(,4) Conversation (omr:ep?{GE:)


Glossary (sz8m,-S s6:cuE: (i I ossary (ra8cn.r5 o3: o3:
a1,r5)

a^ L+ 31

E$fi.q,
F8llor
D qrfr$oeo

UNIT - 1 (A) Conversation (o.or:eQrdEE:)


a,1-5)

5'
38 39
A1 +-

cs. co+q.$r
qlT$.

rf"{q$
q$q$'$

ftQlireorEo$,cu&r
.toogle

UNIT - 8(A) Conversation.(omr:e$.4EEt)


Glossary (m8":,-S oE:o:3: a1,f )

UNIT - 9(A) Conversation (ocnr:ep"{GE:)


GlossarY (szIot-S oE:cu E: a.1t'5)

44
50
51

UNIT - iO(A) Conversation (o'm:eQr{EE:)


GlossarY (sa8 g't'S srE:oE:
a1t:5)

56 58
63

UNIT - 11(A) Conversation (om::epr{p3:)


GlossarY (sz 8Pt-,5 oE:cu E: a; c'5)

UNIT - 12(A) Conversation (omr:epr4p6t)


"" UNIT - 13(A) Conversation (ocno:ep'4$Et
GlossarY (sz 8 PtS 9E:cuE:
a1c'5)

64

Glo

ss

ary (t-,

t-S

sE t cuE:

a1

tt5)

7l
12
76

UNIT - 14(A) Conversation (ocnr:eQ"4$E:)


Glossary (s:
8 grt-,S

o6:c"E:

atrc'S)

80
81

UNIT - 15(A) Conversation (ocm:e$"{BEt


Glos s ary (s>
8

g:

t-S

9E

c"

EI

a1ti)

85 87

UNIT - 16(A) Conversation (omr:epr4pE:)


Glos s ary (sa
8

3:',5

1E

cu E:

atr

c,5)

9l
93 99
101 107

UNIT - 17(A) Conversation (ocr'::ep:{EEt)


Glos sary (sz
8

gr,-S 5P:

E : atr

c'5)

LrNIT - 18(A) Conversation (ocnleG.4EEt)


Gl os sary (sa8...,r,rS
oE : c.''
E : a1

cB)

UNIT - l9(A) Conversation (otnc:e$r4p8:)


Glos s arY
( sz 8

r08
116 119

c':

t-S

sE : cu E:

a,1

tt5)

UNIT - 20(A) Conversation (oom:ep'{EE')


Glo ssarY ( tz 8 c'r t-S qE : cu
E : a;

tF)

t25
r21
131

UNIT - 21(A) Conversation (ocor:ep'4pEt Glo s s ary (sz 8t3r''5 9E: cu8: a; tf ) UNIT - 22(A) Conversation (oco::eQr{$E:) Glo ss arY (=a E g:':5 9E :c...> E: a1 t5) UNIT - 23(A) Conversation (ocn::epr4pE')
GlossarY (s, 8 g:t-S
518:

r33 r39
140

coE:

qtt5)

t46
r48
154
156

UNIT - 24(A) Conversation (ocnr:eQa{EE:)


Glos sary (s,
8

mcS oE: cuE:

a,1c'5)

UNIT - 25(A) Conversation (ocn::e[!"4$Et)


Glossary (sz 8u"t-S oE:oE:
a,1ttS)

l62 t63
168

UNIT - 26(A) Conversation (omr:eQ'{EEt


Glos sary (sz
8 g"t-tS oE: cu E :.a1 ct5)

UNIT - 27 SPelling
Glossary

oro::e<-"l8:

(English American)
(

170
178

=z

8'gr.-S sE: coE: qttS)

UNIT - 28 Pronunciation-key(c'?cJqob4f
Glo ssarY (s>
8

dt

r79
181

c'roS oE: or

E : a,1o5)

General Conversa[ion

l)
a,1

184

sacqGCoocDr:epc(c) Glossary (sr8


gl c;5 SIE:coE:

rf )

187 189

Generai Conversation (2)


saccBGCoocDr:e $"(-,1)

Glo s sary

( s> 8

gll,rS q3 : cu

E : atr,25)

192 194

General Conversation (3)

sr6%GcBocD":.Q:(E)
Glos sary (s> 8 91,$ 96 : cu
E : a,1.t5)

198

General Conversation (4)

200

szcqcqomr:ep:(9)
Glossary (m8
gl.-S 93 :coE: a1.6)

243

General Conversation (5)

206

s2cqoctr:eQr(3)
Gl ossary (saE gl,-S 96:cuE: aicf )

209 213

General Conversation (6)

s?c%6@ocD"t"F(l)
Glos sary ( s, 8 Sl,rS gE : oE : ap'5)

2r6

UNIT - l(A)
CONTRACTIONS (eao8o:o.nr: ep:)
Example (Eoc,t:)
1. Is not

Isn't

(sa6r eE:)

2. Are not
3. Was not

Aren't

(d$.

.5)

Wasn't (o1r eE:) Weren't (dcSr


e1E:)

4. Wele not 5. Do not 6. Did not


7. Will not

Don't

(t$. (t$.

oS)

Didn't (s6r sE:)


Won't

;)

8. Wouid not 9. Can not


10.

Wouldn't (or sE:)


Can't (cn$.r o5)

Could not

Couldn't (cnr sE:)


Shan't (q,$.

l. Shall not

;)

12. Should r-rot

Shouldn't (sr cE:)


o$:orc,,

J
13. Ought not
14. 15.

eoqrfl:aEeorSo$:
Ougiitn'r (esa2r or5:)

May not Must not


r-rs

Mayri't (eo:r qE:) Mustn't (oi-6-or5:)


Let's (orc6-d-6)
r

16. Let 17.

I am not

r arn t (?c-s2f.J

r. / OC

OC\

ltl. Iam
19.

I'm (sBE-6)
are

'

You

You re

(q-or)

20 He is
21. She is 22. It is 23. That is
24. There is

He's (,S:-6)
srre s ($-6)

It's (sa6-i-6)
That's (r;cr5-i-6) There s (c5cu::-6)

25. What is 26. Who is


27.

what's (o6-d-6)
Who's ("?, 6)
We're (8-sar)

We

are

28.

wiil

29. You witl 30.

I'll (dE-cr5) You'll(o-i)


f'd (s?E:-6)
I'r,e (gone) / oc c c c\ (vrc:-())cD-o-3f :]
.:$eo.o,',,

I would 31. I Ilave (gone)

eoSe $ saeoQm$ s>f,oS6ocnr:e$e

32. He Has (gonc) 33. Shc Has (gone) 34.

He's (gonel (.-8-6


She's (gonel

"9.; (fl A g$.)

lt

Has (-rone)

It's (-uone)
(3.ro o)-o-of.,/
/ c c c c\

35. Have not(gone)

Haven't (gone).
(cnc'5-oE:-g$.)

36. Has not (gone)

Hasn't (gone;
(.,rc,5-eE:-g$")

3'7.

Had (gone)

I'd (sone) (4S-g-e$.)


You'd (gone)

38. You Had (gone) 39. Had not (gone)

("? S g$.)

Hadn't (gone) (,:l.r5-sE:-g$)


/ c a\ )ls [oo-o]

40. Sister

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er$:ooo..,

'

UNIT = 1131
Greetings (516) "Qco8: ccc
6CD3f :OcDocD":eJa:

How do you do?


6(I)lc:
m1

3: ()) 3: IL IL IL
\ / C \ \ / .

^^ Q.or: (e g ecnr d : q.cur:) ( m c3 Eor e ao c: 6 e1::,r3 ai:eo: ocD?:l

C $:

or

Good morning.

8c6(5)6orrE:(5)
oocurg gcn a0:o
E.ca^
lrr

'

Good afternoon.

SC(s) d(5) o).s:($)


o6cure g.cuE!aE:c,lrr

Good evening.

805(5)d:drE:(6)
r:$eo:o,,

eo8 s $ rae,rQm$ ea5

oB 6

ocnr:opr

o6--rge

gaE:rf),r

Gooci night. oor(sJ6cD(ocJ

c/c\o c/ c\

oScvrgoilir

Good day.
gc3(5)es:rr oScure q.olrr

Good b1,e.

oo)(sJJ)c:il

c/c\

oc

qr:

c.3,r5 sz:

o.-S ( a3r:

c,l

d:

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c-S)

rr

Hou'are

you',)
o?
(m1 $:

e.r:rE: 32"
eg

emrE:

\"or:
C/C\

or

\.cu::)

r,cly well. thank you.


oqolcu.) f,)c(aJ
eg

\O\/

C\

cDil

e.nrE:

cr'lc.r,-S

r e"o1:

c -E..r1lo:,-S

rr

Fine. thanks. oc c/c c\ (!c: lJc(arol


e

ge

.nrE:.1lor,$r e m1:o,oEc-,lor,-Srr

See vou tomorrow.

o$:orc,,

oq:f:o8er"tr8c.:$:

Sr

coec,rE:

.+dE$g

eq"@ocSrr

See you soon.

d,q

q'($)

c@r8Q$e o:.@o<-Srr

I hope to sec you again.

{6
"'

c?5(6)
"'5

"?
o:
6

S' c? s?8$:($)
@
6

5:cB e gr

eq.8.e gp cu E o: oS
ro meer you.

rr

I am glad (happy)

{E
6

s"os(6) oo.'S(E) (orc'58:) o:8 (oS)


o 6:

%.61c.,

o:

c,1l

o:,-S r (8

-l
or
c:: cr E!)
r

ao

cf

e c,: cd s2 al

I am

so happy (glad) ro see you.

{Er"c-,5(6)

d:

cn,f8: (oolc6-5) o: S:

c.,:rr

6o:.qo:, I

o6: orc,lc.:<-Sl

(8o5eAec;:rE:

";r:5 am going now.

E$

"g. o g! ra al)or o: o g! rr)

{E

sroS(E)8:szE:(6) eg:E:r,
sz:
c,

a3r:i,t5

<-S

(or:

or?

d)

cr$:o:co

ecE s $ sa

eo{m$

sa<5 cE 6

omr:oS:

Must yor-r go so Soon.


oO) (orcDj u?
c /c c\

?: ?:
/r-c
cD

T:(tj

/c\

3rf: Go)f crcD": (91

c aJeo)lsl\

I'll

be back Soon.
6 c/c\ /a\ J) J)cD(a/ q:(_tl

oc/ c\

Tc(cD,)

ol3"ac

c'J?3S2:oo)il

See you Later

dr

c-c cfrcDo 6%.lgo(Dil

"R

6cDcD?

Say you Later


GC: OJ GCOO)?II

Gt"cDO clg)lgs())il

cr-r-c

o$;o:c.,

UNIT - I (A+B)
Glossary (oE<-trcS oE:cuE: e,1crS)
Contraction (q $ ($)-

\.(;)

SrS'($

)) ( n)

ra

C o:: o cD):,

.
"16"$,rr,,

s>{ecoroE

example (d6(c6) d(6) d(os) (n) Ec,o:r +ol3r Lesson (co.6aoE:-$) (n) Greetings (oqo:E 66) (n) so5aoc'5ocD":olr:l

o"ocrl

(v) so5aocfoElrr (.q "5) very (Jfl (adv) saq$rr


Greet

well (d-cS) (adv) em:E:oor QE!6orrr Very well (Jqd C) egecnr6:.-i)o:,-Srr .n1$:o:c-,1o:oScS.
m8c-,:,-,5qoplrr

Fine (8E:-$) taOjl emrE:o$eorr @glc,:Ee.orrr


llSeqlcL)
I

ooSs$saoc,{m$eafio3Soemrc$:
Fine, thanks (QE:-$r

oE 5-6) egemaE:o11or<.Srr
cntr$:"r..Jlor.-,5r

(aCeo:cor em,1:co:Ec.,'l-d{. oSgrcS


again

q-d')

$) (adv) o16o$r eg:c'5co6r {$Err meet p-o5) (vt,vi) aq.qogir eq.@1oE!rr


meeting (8orE:-E) (n) saop!:raeo:rr Soon (ao:-$) taovl e@ca8r

(*g$

"@r8l

Later (ecuorr) (adv) o@:ecu:8mrr

r.Sr-o,,

UNIT - 2 Introduction mE($) co8s6 q5-iF' ($)


(805odE6r)
Teacher
O)3J)
o

How do you do?


G(')?C: 3: OJ 3: IL IL IL
c

aoep(aoePo)

ege.orE:
o:crSe E5)

(E)

or,-'Sca5 (cn1$:o: (@)

My name is George Bush.


qE $6:(6) s,6(6) eop{, eoqrgecgleop.ir nfi"ll

o$'
?

what is (what's) yorlr

name

e6(d) s6 (6) (e6 (d5) eotg6:(E) erE: grc p! o.SCe ilc.,l oo)
rr

er$:orc,,

eo5

e $ sa

eo{ cn$ ca f, oS 6 ocm:eSr

Student (A)

My name is colin.
(.G32l
\

oO):s (fo)J acnpE:o:r:


Tearcher
o

/C

C\ /

c c oc oc /c\ c/c\ oc f o:(o)S2o[oj GCD.oc:

(e sa)

eo:5 gr

g!

ecoccu E:crl

rr

What is yor-rr name? go[o)J 3-ro(o) c())f to:(QJ c 'o *c-,loo)r, ' cc:tf()P 7)()cDGsl
c/ c\ c/c\ oc /c\

o)ap
o6P

Student (B)

My name is Mary.
6\

oo):3{\lO)J(3rl
e.ntroE:or:(c3)
Teacher

\/C

C\/

oc oc /c\ c/c\ e (jc te:(cJ $o(oJ c(jq cco4 caf crflce9 6osl olil

o)alf
eo6P

What is your name? c/ c\ c/c\ o c /c\ ?o(O), s.ro(ol 6(D? fc:(oj c co -,.r'lolrr ' oc:ffce9 J)o)cD6al

Student (C)

My name is Tony.
oc oc /c\ c/c\ oe oc foslcJ 3)o(oJ o)fl
q1 $ eo:5q:
e,

oc?:i($iXE)
ecnpE:or:(8)

E! o3 $,.,1rr UNIT - 2 GlossarV(o6g:o5ob:cub:atrcrS)


tn

I I

ntroducti on (sz8 - $ - co E s 6 - o5 - 6rE :($)) ntroducin g 3d ao.r5$E:' o.n::


3,1,,

18"5 ao.r5$E:

Introdr-rce (sa E

co

8.1(6))tvt i conduct

EoS eo,r5 e,-':

o $',

c,r$:-o.,

UNIT - 3 (A)
Conversation q
$.($)ocee.: 9E:($)

ocn::e $:S$E:n (I)

A:

Good mornign, Mr kofi Annan.

go5(E)rorlE:(6) ogo:c

48 s>$r$:

("*) :

o8o:$g.6aE:c'lr ogcDr {8sz$q$:"


How zire you l

e.;:rE:
n

r,f
E :.r')

oi

e"nr

\cur:

(o1

: c,'r

ci

\cur:)

Very weli, thar-rk Yor:.

rq d(c) -(5) q
(.3rJ

/ o\

eq

e.n:E :,j) ot,-Sr ecnl:e'o: E c-,'lol.i5'l


?

Horv are ytrtt


c

G(I)IC: v;) .?
eq

e.nr E,,i} d,.o:::

(m1 $:

o:

ol

\"cur:)

$:o:o.'

eo5 s $

saeo{m$

saf, oS 5 ocn:reQ:

3Q

Very well. thank you.


\6 \/ C\ C/C\ oq o(NJ f,)q(al

e?
GCDJ :G*o)8Jo.-Sr
L

("-)
rlll
C

clGcDlc:L,cr)oJ

Good al'lemoon. N4r Donald.

Sd(6)
(8)

(6) ors:($) ooorr

o6ore qoE!a3:c.,lr ogorr .dl i(.S) How are vou? e.nrS: s?r
. q e.nr6
:

""Ti(d)

o?

ril

\cur:

(o1 $: or dl

\cu::)

Very well. thank you


\O \/ C\ C /c\ uq o(cD) crc (aJ ())
|

(3)

/6\

. ; emr E t.rl or,-S r ecnl: e or 3.jl or cS

How are you'?

e-rE: 32" q
eq

e.n:6
\/ C\

:r.rl

\cur:

(m1 $:

o:

cil

\cur:)

Very well. thank


\O uq

yor-r.

o(cDJ

/C\ ): C (r, q
e

t6\

[oj

ga-^t,Jcc,r3

m1,oor ilor.'S

:.l$:oro,.-,

)g
(lIi
)

oqrf :eteorEo$:

Good evening,

Ml
o

Reaqan.

gi(5)dsEr

E:(6)r

gorsioE

(.8t) :

o8curgega8:ul' eoo:rfl,rErr
How are you?
ec,'l:E: s?r o?

F
s,

:
c;(.$)

"

ecm

E:

rl \.cur:

(cn1 $:

o:c,l \"cur:)

Very well, thank vor-r.

Jq d(c6) oE (5)

u:rr
e-

cnr

3 : c-,lor,.,S

r e.o1:

o:

c-,1

or,-S

rr

How are you?


ec-nrE:

r>f
c-,1

o?

eq ecnrS:

\.cur:
C /c\

(mJ $: o:c-,1

\.or:)

Very well, thank you.


c,6l o(cDl cJC
\ \/ C\

(al

oJrl

("3r) .

egecnrE:olorcSr ecntr:e.:o:Eoloc.,Srr

UNIT - 3 GlossarV(sa3gr,r3o6:co6:a,1o5)
Conversatio" (q$.($)-ee"oE:($)) (n)dialogue, ralk

ocnr:eprdpS:rr
Converse

(q$.($)-(a)){"it tatt. chat. gossip


er$;aoc.,

uNrT - 4(A)
Conversation q$.($)o:ee o3:($)

(r-::e$:d$6:)
Teacher
O)aJ" o6ir
e

: Ian-rateacher. , 43 3r,$(S) era o3a,1cri : q$eofor aoqrm6eorc,5olrr


What are yoll, Miss
Mar-,,,,,1

?3("5) 32r <; 06(6) Goq erE: :or gr.o5cu5c,1o:ir er6(6)


Studar-rt

eo

I iirn a studpnt.
s3E s>cS(S) em oor:d($o5)
cg$ere

flrr

oo::i($oS) es>
e

orpE:o(e sz)

m;:3:ocirr

Teacher o)aJ)
eoq?
o

Ale
s2r

1,ou a stucient, Mrs. Laur.a?

"?

em oor:i($oS)r eo.f ecu5g

o o cA e cuS

gr

o6: e.n;:3 : oJcDr: l

o$:o.c,,

f,G

q:f:etec,rrSo$t
Yes. I am.
c/c\ oc

Student B

I am a house u,it'e too.


o c/c\

oO):s(iorJ (J)j
c / 6\ GcDJrc:cJ (cDJ

\/C

C\ / 6\

c /c\ oc c /c\ qm(o, 32c 3)or (orr 3?c32oJ (b\J

Gy) GcDlcDlol ocD(oJ


C C \

c/c\

or:rr

?d":, .'3$' e.,rp3:e7Jl


f-C a C of oGcDlcDCD lEoo lo)()) il

s36.1Eo

Teacher
cDap
306P
o

What is Mr. Laura?


c ?o(orJ 32o(o)r doo)? Gc.uf qr cl00, ecuEspr :oryaco6 cuScilerirr

c/ c\

c/c\

Student B ocD:StfO)J
\/C C\ / O\

He is a Doctor.

(J)l

c/c\ (r) 32o(o] ca2

a/ c\ ca.r(cDJcr))

c / o\ cmJ"c:f,)(J)J
Teacher o)sJf
306P
e

araoq:o$cilrr

What are you, Mr. Henry?


c/ c\ c (r)r oocDf (.r)cf 9o(or,) 321
o
6l

oE:cr saq5 co6oloo)r oEo:,


cDcf

ce

qrl

Student C

I am an office-clerk and a student.


oc v)c c/c\ c /c\ c/c\ S2oJlo)r 3"()J GJ ca2roo(o]
/C\ C/CC\ \/c c\

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What is Mrs Henry?


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She is a Teacher.
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Whcre do yor"r live?

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i Live in capital- Washington? OC C /C\ C /C\ \ C \ / C\ a C y)c cDo \o/ 32c:(fl cDooo) (cDJot6)cO)lc

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yes. I do. I work in a washington-store.

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a factory.

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No, I don't.

l work in an office.

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Where cio the philips live'l
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What is Mr phiiip?

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He is an Engineer.

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Is his wif-e an Engineer too?


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No, She isn't. she's a irouse- wife.

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Where does Mr Johnson Live? _'.


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He lives in Texas.
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Does he work in Texas too?

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yes, he does. He works in an office.
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No, She doesn't, She works in a hospital.

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She is a Doctor.
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uNrT - 6(4) Conversation (I) .,: $.tlceeoE:($)


ocn::e$:d$E:rr
Mrs. Alexanc-ler Do yoLr have any brothers ancl sis_ ters. Mr- william?
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Mr. wiiliam

yes, I have a brother ancl two sis_


ters.

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Mrs. Alexancier

Do they live in the united states'l

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My hrothel does. hur nry
don't. sister':

Mr rvilliain

83
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They Live in Japair.


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Mrs. Alexander
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Whele does your brother iive?

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Mr. william

He lives on
carolina.
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farm in souf

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Is he a farmer.

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Mrs. Alexander
cc

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Mr. williarn
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yes, he is.
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Does he have a fzurily?

3i(6)
Mr. williarn

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No, he doesn't. F{e is not marriecl.

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He is singie.

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Mrs. Alexander
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Are your sisters rnarrieci?

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Mr

rvilliarn

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yes. tllev are. They have sons ancl


dau-ehters.

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Do yoLr have any br.others and sis_ ters, Mrs. Alexancler?

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Jo Mrs. Aiexander

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I iren,e tu'o brot]rers and a srsier.


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Mr william

Where

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your brothels and sis-

ter iive'J

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Mrs. Alexander
cc

In the unitecl statcs


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Mr william
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Do they have thmilies'l

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Mrs. Laura
Do you have any brothers iutd sis-

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Miss Maly

brothet'and a sister.

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Mrs. I-aura

Do your blothet'and sister live in the r"rnited states?

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No. thcl.clon't. Thev live in Austraiiu.

lVIiss Mary

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Do rlrey Iravc llrtrilics'l

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Miss Mar'y

No. they clon't. They are not lnar-

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Mrs.

Arnv
J

Do yoLr hiive any children, Mrs. Ann


(Anne)?

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Yes. \Ve have a son and a clairghter.

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His rtanre is Andrew.


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Do you have any chilclren. Mrs.


A rrrr"l
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Yes. We do. We have twcr s()lts itltcl it


dirr-rghter.

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l\4rs. Anne

What are their names'l


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The son's names are Ted and peter.

Mrs. Amy

o3: ao$:($6) $6:(66) o,


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9 The daughter's name is pancy. cr3:ed(cf)

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Mrs. Anne

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How old are they? c o / ec\

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Mrs. Amy

Ted is eighteen. "cDo5"

s6(6)

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"3r($)

Pancy is sixteen.

"o88" s"6(6) 06(5)


Peter is fifieen.

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Do the Reagans have anY children'?

3ni
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Yes. they have one son. His name is

Jimmy but they call him victor.

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How old is he?

(no)
B

etn:E: {,("SE) s"6(6) ,.8 q o,-S sa g..S( sa o.6) o.-Seon.Stl8o),' I think he is about twenty years old.

3D

4S - ($.6) d s"6(6) r,eo2(o5) q6: i:Q:cur:(6) {:(i5) o (o6 -.r5- o:r)sa a:c6 s6 eoct9eo:c.Efi

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Do the Adams have any children?

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I don't know.

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(IV)

How'old is Dr.Eiizabeth's mother? e.-,rr8:


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: 'I don't know, but I think she'i's abor"rt


htrnclred Years old'
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Does Dr. Elizabeth have a fan-rily?

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No, She cloesn't'
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UNIT - 7 Glossarv (oEgc.$o8,o8:a1c6) (cnc6-6) (vtl g:frogll (saEg!:cB$:9r6{.g o:oE!rl)

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eoc).

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(l) I have a son and a daLrghter.


(2)Do you have any children? (3) yes, we do. we have two sons
three daughers.
and

call (ecno-oS) tut.ui; eoSeaToElr

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goels

(I

) We call her Elizabeth.


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(2) They call her Margarer.

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call (n).

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UNIT - 8 (A)
Conversation(I)
o3

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(ocnc:e$e{$E:rr)
Who lives in that little house'l

q *6
e

(86) c?($) c:>c6(o5) cu6d(c6)

cnrc'5(6)

(no)

op!s36c,$cDco)3c? rr,S oegc-,'loolrr Mr, Johnson does. cEo>, E$.oE 3i(5) ogo>, E$-E ego1l-,-S,'
Does he work at the post office? 305(6)
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Yc's, he does.

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.rd(6)

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Do you know hirn?

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Yes. I rhink I do. Who lives with him?


C/C\ OC a/.\ qd(b) +b tr 6(5)

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He lives alone. His wife is dead and


doesn't have any children.

he

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Where do the Alfi-eds live? Q(cm:) s:o3: s><-S(cs)oqd(66) o>6(S)

(E)

s..r5(c6),! q.r5(55)
o$:orc.,

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They live in NewYork.

9r

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Their house is on first street.

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Btrt I don't know the ttttmber.

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: : Do you live in NewYork

s33 $ "lc'Seo:?

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too?

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(III)
E,

What is Dr. Peter's address?

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west Twenty-fiirh street Nervyort.

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UNIT - I GlossarV

(oEgc<.:S,e16;cu6: a1.r5)

The use of this, that - - gac5:rr

This (a::6-6) tadv,pron) g1lsD6p, g,D:


goel3

- This book is lretter rhan rhat.

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eoer" - That little book is very goocl.

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lives in that little house' eotls - Mr Johnson ,g-rg1$-E-d 4SS c.scoeco:gr triple
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q'A'({) {' $ Gn6co:: e o:

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Alliance' eoel. - rhe TriPle

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U HIa traiPle his income.


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My home ir at the number 999, East twenty


first strcet $'ashingtow. q1$eo:EdE egg .1co:6: (saeo.EEN olo8o:$g'
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I beg your

pardon.

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e

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@6r;girr Where is Dr-. kennedy's office? Q(cur:) 315(6)


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It is in Riverside Hospital.

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$6m6:c.,'):f?3cD eao: 6o:c_,lrr tr$:o:o.,

ccE s $ oooQm$ ot5 o3 6 ocr:e:cS:

Thank you,

-(5)

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You're welcome.

q
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I beg your pardon.

o6 E"lo:oS)

(II)
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(8)

4E orc6(6) eoc2 <-,1|($) q1 $ eo:5c{ e": 3f $1,r1) aE "p: Where is the post oftrce?

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on

It's on the corner of first Avenue and


Second street.

,16(o56) %$

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Thank you.
3JC( a I o.) .\

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You're welcome,

c? szr d(c,S) 016:(6)


(s,l
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: .Bg"E..jlr::rr(cnp!8"saoEc,il)
What is the name of the hotel in
chicago?

(rr)
E

9S(C) sr6(6) crs:$S:(5) eszr(5)


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The chiago Hotel. 3"crS(,i)= o:3:"fr mr8


dejlc,'lo:oSrr
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Where it is?
Q(cur:)

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It's on thrrd Avenue between third


street and fourth street.
c/ c c\ r)o{\cDol r c c/c\ /c\ %r{.fj f,)?(sJ S)oc: fllt:

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Is it near the post office?

32o[oJ 32o(O)J craf


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Yes,

it is. It's across the street from


c/ c\ c/c\ c/ c c\

the post office.

qc/){\oJ 3)o(O)J 3-ao(\oJ c2o(O)oJ


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Mrs. kennedy

Where do you go to school, Bobby'?

d(o::)
ogcf cne gB

fi:q i'c? oq: (i) eor:3 ecroC(crE:) -d e.n1:6:cr o:c,6..-,1


oolrr
I go to the castle school.

Bobby

My

tearcher's

name is Miss Eva.

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(6J)"J)J
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Mrs. kennedy
c

Do you like school'l

?' "R {e,5(5) oco:


:

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rr

6BcDcD6l3

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ecn;r8:o:.5

qo: o e:o:cn; \.cor:

Bobby
/ e\ (6J))O/

Yes.

I do. c/c\ o c 6lm(o/ Sr)c


ci

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(v)
Mr.

Nixon :

Do you like Washingtoll' Mr Richard?

p:

,{

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ogo::g6ao6
Mr. Richard

: :

ego::q6a1C "o'lq8o:$"": eqqor


s6ocr5\.cor:rr
Yes.

I do.I like it very much, but niy

wife doesn't like it.

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She likes small town.

szo3$

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(2) I

be-e

of yoLr not to rnake any risks.

ms

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pardon (ol:)o$)

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Conversation q $.oree" gE:($) (ocnr:e$:S$8:u)
Mr. carter
Goocl evening cynthia.
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e oocD)P6f c't ac:c)
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Is yor-u father at home? "16(6)


GO)?

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oacD)a)aa o
Cynthia

eoSc3on\

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s36o: Eclarcur:rr
rs

No, he isn't. He is at school. He


teaching this evening.

o e c c / c\ G c /c\ s: u) s)oGC:(o)lrr (, yro (rl sr"5("5) r-.:(oS)rr .-3 326(6)

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9J Mr.carter

oq:f:oScc:8o$:
oh! does he teach in the evening?

4:,
Or
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Yes, he does. He teaches every
Tuesday evening.

Cynthia

.ld(6)
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(r)
Mr. Clinton
Good morning, Mrs. Jack. Is Mr.
Jack at home to day?

gd(5)
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rr

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9?

Mrs. Jack

No, he sin't. He's at work.

.-8(6) ec5(o5) $:r ,.8 o6o8:(o5)


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d89:o$.i co:n a>gaco6

9:
Mrs. clinton

fl<.,1co,Sl

oh! does he work on SaturdaY?

"gc6mo8co$
Mrs. Jack

{:rsd(6) d .il(S) q$ $cooes: d: - oe1el.g, e;c?c?6 q6qo1


CJCDO:II

: yes, he does. He works on Saturday morning?

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Tony

What time is it, mother?

e5("s) 4s:(5) s6(6) s6(o5)


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Motirer"

oqap:a6eo:cr$;
It's one o clock. s"6(o55) o8s($) sB mecur(S)

g)6o
Tony

or69:flEc.,1$rr

Is fathe-r at school now?

3)6(6) co'lic::: srd(oS) oor:(cS)


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Mother'
oo o) a s)
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yes. I're is. He's teachin-e now.

qd(6)
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Tony

Are Ted and Daisy at school too? s)r "cDo5" sr8($5) esB szoi(o5)
oor:(oS) o::
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Mot her

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Yes. thsy

x1's.

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I beg your paldon. What time


ir?

is

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It s five fifteen.

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A

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Thank you.

Dc(aJ

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B

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You're weicome.

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Tomy
oo

What time is it. father?


es(oS) 4E,(5) s,E(E)

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It's nine o'clock.

Father

,"6(o55) 3E: {meo2(5)


cD:+rqqtgil

eoro

It's ten thirty. s"6(o56) oE:($) o:drr c " eoro eo(Dl'TO:o(Dstlgil It's eleven fifteen.
sa6(o56) c8oio6:(g) ,,6(6) d:($)
c26(, ao<-rlco6grQ aoo5cl8g68
$rr

It's eleven forty-hve. s"6(o56) do;oE:($) e,ilo3: Q.,5(S)


eo(Do)o

__

e s c 6i6c\): eo(Dc t: 6 coro eno l) lO 6[9il

UNIT - l0 Glossary
Teach

(o8groSg8rcu8:etrc'5)

("3-{) (vt,vi) o:oE@r:e,-,;oglrr

Teaching (daJ5:-6J (n) saecu sa.n18$6eo$E:r g$c:E


$E:,' Teacher

(dq")

(n) aosp(eogc)

cc$:orc..,

ceEs$ooc{cn$saf'o86ocrrotc$:
Wor-k 1o1-5)

9q

tn) gaco6r' a;t:5ec:o6: ecop8:mco6sa{Err (vt,vi) *o?6 o:6o$r'

Workday (o.l-5-e

c:)
t

(n) saq6co6or$eg''r
n

workfo rce (o1 - 5 - e,i.l - 6)

) t,r5

$ tr4r* " $.* gacuoc:oc: g'cg)?:ll


er,

Workman

(.il-5-d-$) (n) saq8aror: (worker)


$
E

workshop (.il - S - " SB6) i n) ocf cB 81ocep: eq.p (oSeerc)

ao8

o Ei

working (,il -S,) (n) o6c$:r o6'icu51p!:rr


Father

(r'Io::)
(cr:or:)

(n) male parent coe8(szeto) (n) Female parent 8aE (s:etl)

Mother

GHANKS)
cDJ:G:ocDr:
e

ep: SpE:

e1o p! sa
-

alqS

co

dc$@'t

cc Ee

oro cnr,(e)4t'4.g'

(l)

You're welcome'

(2) Not at

lll'
"r8gruSo,-'8g'E"'l'r:

(3) Don't mention it {.$6o1o$rl

4{-d

(qQ.--E

a:ol)

o$:o:ou

uNrT - 11(A)
Conversation q $.cr:ee (ocn::e$rS$6:)
A
g1E:($)

want to see some ball-pens, .6("5) d,eo6:(6)

please.

{S

oc:(\loJ ocD(o,)

c /cc\

o/c\
q1 $

"?

eor(i)

eq:g:Q$
Shop-clerk
e

e":Eeo:(cS),:E cp:

@gic-,lqeorr

This is a very good el:6(E) s6(E)eod8i


I
a

pen.

o:(6),cnco6(6)

SC(S) o8:(g)rr
rr

saepE:oreq:

o(cS)o8

szcg $ emrE:cr'lc.r,-S

How much is it?

e.nrE:

,d({)
E

s>6(6) s6(o5)

("o)

g!

oc(crS)o

o,-S

ecue,:5

c-,'l

oi

rr

cr$:oon.,

eo5 s $ o eo{cn$ saf,

c.3

I ocnr, eS:

clerk
c S.aGePc:ofcT

It's ten dollars.

sr6(d6) orE:($) esTcur(6)


:

oEleor(oS)
C/C\ s: q) ocD(o;

A: [ca2J clerk
:

"E.n

ao<-Se

dlcurc,l

rr

Do you have any cheaper pens?

?f
"

al:ot: octfoJ
E

O a

C/CC\

eotr:

c:

c'5

orQ
o:

rr:(d),,,
or(oS)o

op: Ec..n: ep: p


c.,l)

rr

(eo6
:

crS

cd e

yes, ,we do. these are

only three

dollars and fifty-five cents. c/c\o e/c\ c o e qcD[o,) o s:il 3):(o] grf $+cD:crT
e

sTcur(6) 3,E($E) cl6(3)d: Qd(E)

c/ c c\ eoc(cDo j
c 3-aG6Pc:or6T
:

"?.5d' 6,-,lo:,-S'' o3!eor(cS) cp: cn i: e dl cur i.c'I ao,-Sc} ao rll l


c.,

I will take this pen.


oc / c\ -S-ac 6o:(cDJ o c/c\ c/c\ c/c\ o)o)(a] c)o(al oc(fJ

("o) clerk
orcel:

c ce / c\ c ()) c ooJtl QJf eorsesD"(cD,)oc

What else, please. go(orJ qacD(o,l oc'J[o]


C/ C\ \ C/C\ e/c\

cc$sorc.,

oqrproteo:Eco$r
A
I want a ruler and I think that's all.
OC C/ C\ C//CC\ 3Dc og(cDJ 6s?sl:C\)?: 32C(l3J

9)c cJgla/

oc

c/c\

c/ cc\ / c\ D)cD(oo/ ca?)(orl

("o)
(u)
Mr. Richard

" 6()cD cDo 6alac:oJ


o(})o6P srcDfoloil
c c n\

;'l c yi : c,:5 rr s''l


L

want a sandwich and a cup of


OC C/ C\ \/CC\ C/C\ C/CC\

col'fee. please.

?c
ejgcmqoaJq)

o,q.cDJ

6c) afl+sJ oo(qj c?c$sJ

cc

esacn6(6) n-?(6) emrE: ,rc8(6) c co r- o 6cDJ:c\:gtcD.- -cal 6o)f m s)3Jf:


a:6e.-,'lE eS Li L l.l.

em58o:6

acrSe,-,:c.,'lrr
O

Waiter

Do you wzrnt collbe? 3:


0())

o?(cD)ccD)o

C/ \\

o):oco: OL

\o

ecn5Eoreoo:r:r,

Mr. Robert

No, I'll take a cup of tea, please.

t'
(oj
/C\

{E(.S)o3o5(5)
e e//C\ cD:r ooJ(oJ

eo m6(6)esar
cuo6.oo5

,goreepcroS

em5Eco:3):r 6cDJ:Gp1$ E!
co63cr5ec.,:.i1,,

cc$:ooc.,

eoEs $ saoo{cn$ o<5 o36

ome:epr

Gc

(Ir)
Miss Emily

My mother u,ants three quarts of


miik.
a pound

of butter, and tirtee

loaves of hlead.

8E c,r:or:

.(i5) -Qt qr(i6)


esae"lE (5)

eszr(,$)

eor(6) oCo:r s"E($s') ofl'


cuoS(JE) eszr(6)

"6(c.55)

o6td(E)
o5

oo[ojsrcco

c/c\ ee

vaeoc.,?e<'rlE

:co :r ecorc, " $.o oia;8or,-Srr

o:6e..-,l8 r

.S.qt"ai

Mr.Srnith
c

What else. plcase?


C/ C\ \/ CC\ go(o)) c2(c\)ol ocu(oJ O/C\ \

oocD)oco o

6q:ff

[9lo?" s9c

d--c

J).

oQ)s)l:3cDrr

Emily
eo 6

g)OCD

Horv rnuch :rre tomatoes today'? o /c\ c c/c\ o c(-)De: corlal) 32f o)6co):(o/ o)ca: \ oa c ())Gl.3 c c e
qc:
al e

f,J: .r)(})6oJ3 6r() | sJCDlr

Mr. Sn-rith

Twenty - llve cents a pound.


\/a\ O O C/C\ C/ CC\ %(fJ o):-,lcD(oJ aoc(o)oJ G32

GOIc(3
OOO)?OOO
o c

nc/c\

j
cB
s6

o16

ec-,1 E

"o,-Scl:

eoE..-,'l

rr

of:o,lcr-r

6.1

oqrproEccr:6cc$o

Emily
ee e..... crroo)

I'll take three pounds. {E("s) co5(5) a)+


o:
e c.,lE cr:er.rSrr

6o1E

(66)

Mr. Smith

What else?
?o(cr)) ?(cuo,1
C/ C\ \/ CC\

ooo)aoco o

Sp6orosa:coil
That's all. How much do
you? rD c,5(o56) e sa2(cS)rr eorE: co5(5g) oc o ?: ?c s): o)il
slo,rS o<1:saco $ c-,'),'
GCrJf

Ernily

I owe

ee e y)ccu

Cr .}r)o:6l()cDil

%$.

cr,-$

Mr. Smith
c

Seventy-five cents.

edi($)d3 qd(s) eo(i6)


cEcDrooo
ag6ao<-ScTaof
<-r'1r,

o$eo:c.,

o o5 s $

oooQm $ o6

a3 6

ocrr:rc$r

Gq

UNIT - 11 Glossary (oEgrt'$96:cu6:a1c'5) Please (r.S 5) (vt,vi) 56c3$eoa:E!rr e"n1:,c.*Q1oE!rr


Please, come
e.np g

in (Come in, Please)


rr

gacoE : o:.r'l Q$ Two coffees, Please.


e

"o1:

g$$

ecnEE g 6 3 c'5 ec,: t"l

tr

Please, don't do that.

ecryq:$$ d,nr{oco6c-'1$.rr
cent

(Q-$d) {n) -6""To::erl o69Qo:6tirr


(

dollar (esTo:) (n) erilo:rr


cheap (81-d) taaj ) eop o.-6

ooeo: cheap+er+est) 'sae@:c"6o$rr owe (d:) (vt,vi) .u,t.p8.:$rr


I owe you one hundred
kYats.
q1$ ecnEaE o,p:cB eg o:6 elpeotr6 eo:oopEoElrr

cc$;o:o.,

uNrT - 12(A)
Conversation(tr) q $.v:ec.. o6:($)

(ocor:e$:{$E:)
Teacher

please look at these words

,.qE)
eo9?

sqs)

-qd) ?J1(6) 0.156)

og!o"nr:cu:cr,p:cE@gi o6;cir Don'i write thern now.

?$.(d) fl"6(.5) $E:(6) ag:E:rr cu a o g! o cn:: cu: qr: cB a q. oi) $"rr


"
Please.

iisten to me.
r

,,c3(6) cu6ad($) cp 8:
e":1:

g:Q$

g,r: ecor$,r']11

a school boy.

esz o.n:(cS) LE'


e

.opE:or:or6e..,::.6
er$:oro.,

eo5 s $ seeo{cn$ 4.5

c.3 5

ocn:rcS:

Gg

a school building.

esa om:(oS) or6(c5) sE:(6)


e

.npE:szeao:oSmszrr

School books.

ocn:(i) %d(5-6)
e

m;:E:o:sa6or,p:

a lunch box.

esz cu$.({) co?("56)


e

g.cop!o:cooE:co:rr

Do you understand these words?

s:
o&

,r

sa$s'lodE:(5) a>3:(E)
sa

"18-6)
r

d.o cr:r:1:

i.ncS,f

gr:

o plo:r

StLrdent(A)

Yes.

empE:oo:(e sa)
Stirdent (B)

?c ?: ,-r:Ccir q$ eo:E g::cug)cr'1c.:,-,5rr


6lC/)(oJ

I do. c/c\ oc

I don't understand a school boy.

{E
em.pE:or:(c'3)
:

?$.(.5) sa$sTocd6:(5) esa


{1E:

om:(i)

'la school boy" ra8c.,"uS4


"og!,,,1oo:rr
o$eooc.,

l.:

GG

soq:f:o8co:tcr$r
Is that a school for boys'?

s"6(6) a>c'S(i) erao"n:(i)


oc/c\ ?[c:(oJ
ga8.,rr.r5

e,oT

cn oi cD 6o>: clJ:; saq,t5


o)a cDf
:
II

e cDj? c : cD eo oJ

c ooo

Teacher

No, It isn't. A school-boy is a boy.

saE(i) m6e6:(d)rr esaocn:(oS) oc c/c\ oc J)lc: g)o( ol Gg) cDte:


$:r

oL

\ ./

ot

eo6P

ccno'5crl:r::rr
cDcDeco:o)6

.n1:6:o::d or:
cr'lrr

eo:cr5

He goes to school.

8,(6) o: ocn:(c6) ecn;r8: m c, g: oE o: eE qcl Do you understand nowl)

rr

s: ..r; rr$s1od8:(E) eg:E:


cr:agrogl$cur:rr
Student(B)
Yes,

I do. Thank you.

.id(6) gBE s:rr oE(S) curr

eqrE:or:

(c3)

"?dQ'
sa%d

gr:cug!o1$rr ecSoE:Qc')

- qr{

ecn;:co:E

crlor,rSrr

o$:o:c,,

eo5s$saco{cn$ca.5c,E5om:tdr
(II)

Gq

Teacher :

please, Iook at these sentences.

oc3(6) q
E

"5(5)

s>o5(i) "f '(6)


6:,-'1
rr

abE:dE:oc'5(6) o: o@:
E:

crtrr:{@ E!o

Don't write them now, but listen to me.

?${d) $.,5(d) o6:(5) eg:E:r 3?o5(i) cu6ad8:($) o: 8:


,r,
a

c e e1:,-,'l $.rr s'l

eo) g:: ecoc8.r'l

rr

Today is MondaY.

cons: sa6(6) c$:es:

cD6+.cDto5:e

q.r,

YesterdaY was SundaY.

.ld(6)cDrs: d(6) eo$:es:

oGt.cD orgSegeg.$6o:.-tSrr

Do you understand these sentences.

g:

d$s'1oo:E:(6) a>33(6) adE:d6:

oc,5(6)

oE:{.opio:e@rE:cB E::c.r$

@\o.t"

o$:orc.,

Go

oqrf:oEeof

co$:

Student

I don't understand yesterday.

oo::iE[cE),/ tL .\

,
,

4E r$.(O)V$sloo:E:(6) q"5(6)

e.'p&o::
Teacher
cDap eo6l,
e

-\ '""f.-"

cDf

G3:

\t\

*-,

q$.-h=ocu$d1c.:rr

Look at the calendar.

o3d(s) sac'S(d)

a>S:

cdolEsl

Gee$4Eg!o6:o'1,r This is roday.

o6(6)
eo6P

sa6(6) o:es:

slog!eg.(cr:eg.)

It is Monday.

s6(o5) s,,6(S) eg:es:


eo6P

s''lorgcS:eg

rr

It is May twenty-seventh.
s?E(o5) 3"6(6)eer
s''l

q6o3 ad;6:(c5)

eoco

S6-d

a96e1,:5eg.

Yesterday was May twenty_sixth.

elcf(6)o::es: ol(d) eo o:6:o3:


o6(c'S6rS)
o

cf

.cD 6

oc.)

o6

o,-,Se$cc,E

q.f e g.l

ar$:occ..,

coE s o $

ect{m$

sa i,

o36

om::eQr

Gg

Yeasterday was Sunday.

.td(6) o)?Gs: d(6) -$,"",


o6f.cD c.:gBeseE.rr
Student Thank you. I understand now.

oo::sE(i)
e.npE:o::

-(5)
egcE;rr
ao ep

cDr s3E sa$sloorE:(5)

ie

cry

g..so: E c-'lco

<_S

r ao ep

g5:S

{.q$.-5
(IID
Teacher

g::cuElolprr

am going to read three

sen_

tences, please listen.


cDaP
e

dE s",S(S)8:mE:(S)

aoEodEoc6(6)r ocE(6) cu6edE:($)


eo6P

q $(S) -ft

ogJore@:E: o:e@:E:.B ro5$


cc.Srr ecn;:co:$1$ gr:ecorE o'll

We are at school to day.

8 s?: sc'5(o5)

oq:(i)

cD Gs:

o$rt:c,,

qo

oq:f,:otco:tar$:
We were not at school yesterday.

8 d(cur) nf?(d) s"d(oS) oeo:c,S)


.1.6(6) o).6s:l

c6l.cD

q1$

eof {.empE:cr

o Ec,ilrr

We were at church yesterday.

d(or:)

s"c5(s5) aJ{sJ) 6lc6ocD)Gs:

o6f.cD cr4$eo5o8. nq?:qdit


empE:or $@oElrr
Do you understand these sentences?

3*3 cl>"

*f

"J

oo16:(6)

"trt(6)

aoE:cDEoc'5(6)

o8;d.og! o'lcqq::cB gc:o:g!o:r:rr


Students Yes, we do. qm(o,J
c/c\
6 o

oo::sE(o55)
cDJ"c:c)r:eJ": Teacher o)aJ"
c

3:
@c.,'1o:c.,5rr

?dd,

g::cuE!

please write thenr in your note book.

oc8(6) fi",6(.5) anE:(6) sa6(g)ec,:r

*d(d) %d(s)
o6lP

oE!ore@r6:cp:,t8 o8:d.\.

oo5o

o:o6cd meq:,-rll
o$eoro.'

ooSs$oec'Qm$sa<5a36omr:cS:
UNIT - l2Glossary (o8gr,:5o8:cu8:
agcr5)

qc

Words (ql 5) (n) ocor:co:r e$:@r:oE!o.nrt

School-boy (o"?:(cS)1E:) (n) boy auending Schooi


6cDJ"c:a)l:il

School-girl (ocn:(crS) ;(c,5) (nf girl attending School.


Gmp8:orr Yesterday (,Dc6(6) cdes:) (n) cueg.r

-?sa{$
ca 8g$$

the present time, this day. (adv) cr:e g.q8r oa on this day, now.

Tomorrow (orecnE:) fn) +dE$ rhe day after today. (adv) Eo6@$a1 on the day after
today. church ("f{5;) (n) aq6o$oo5emp8:r aqEcu$ gao8:eo:E

building for public chrisrian wor-

ship, religious service in


church, all christian.

cc$:o:c.,

uNrT - 13(A)
Conversation(I) q$:o:ee:lE:($) (omc:e$r{$E:rr)
Student

,\

I have

a question.

oor:sE(o5) esa:

{E

orcS(6) esa qc,EoE:($)

ecntrc8:o::esa

.g $ eo:8 eo:o <por5 a Er'l-,-,5', What is it?

Teacher e o)alr
oeP

95(d) s"6(6) e,6(o5)


:o:eo:oco)tt What does family mean?

Students

A ,

oor:s8(esa)

e6(d) 3os(6) dscs 8:($)


s36eco:Eo\" s?8o:csm oroJrr

empE:or:(e sa)

cc$eom,,

craSs

saeo{cn$

ca i,

o35

omr:e$r

q?

Teacher

: It means a man anci his wife ancl


their children.

o)ap

:
: A
:

sa6(d) 8:($6) esad6:(g) 3S(g5)


(D6 (6) "5(5) _s($5) cj(or:)
e a.1:(cS)s

e1E:($)

Dql

gSS.cor8odor: e$:e":E&sEcD60): oJr: (8c:::o) cE ejlc-,.)o:oSl


Thank you.

Student

oqrsf(oS) em:
ecnpE:or:(e sa)

oE(S)

ci:rr
co cS ao 92
rr

eco;:e:orE cr'l

Teacher eo6P
(rr)
Student
:

you're welcome.

szr

d(i)

,D6;(5)

dEoBu'lt't,,

B
:

I have a question.
dE crc'S(S)e sa q.,5,{E:($)

ecngrE:o::(c3)

Teacher
6o6P

q1 $ eo:S

ec,t: o

ep

c., 6 a Eciorc-,S

rr

What is it'?

?6(C) 3'6(6)
:

36(i)

cr::ecl:etoltt
cr$:orc.,

qt
Student

oqrf:a8cc:Ecc$:

What does "parents" mean.

ecn;rE:or: (c3):

Teacher

?s(d) 3os(6) dqs(os6) 8:($) 8- 44 ga8or.$m c.y:,:3e fc,1l oolrr


It means the father and the mother. s"6(o.5) 8:($6) o3 cn:or: s"S($6)

o3 cn: oc:
o6P

8odo::
s:

coa6

gf EaE.8

eajlc,lo:c-,Srr

Teacher

Do you have any quesrions?

o ,n.r5(S) $<"S$: %c,5iS:($E)

o6P Str"rdent C

oEiQE eo:oep8eo:cor:rr
Yes, I have two questions.

.ld(6) {E
eeo;:E:or:(8)

orc,5(6)

c?c,5,q6:($6)

"?dd,
ec,no8:

6o:o6p s6a

":

E,-,'lc.r,-,Srr

How do you spell " Gbql-f'ather"?

s: or

o<)(c) o,-S
cS

.":l(5) to?:c).: o:
ec_,'lE : c.r'loi

em;r6:oc:(8)
Teacher

o'l..r::

o::,:3

or

You spell it "God-father"


.-;p

s"6(o5) .".l(5) o"rrr?: "God-father" (8g - si - I - sz,:5(6)- e sa _


Corcu:ec,ilE:cr'lrr

od(i)

03 d5({) s3-szr)
o$:o:c.,

oc8 s $ sa

co{m$ o5

oE 6

ocnrrcS:

q9

What is your other qr"rest'ion?


9

6(i)
c \ C /C\ a\ -

m.5(,$)
J

"-:
\
ll

ca?cr":

%cD6tc:\f

cc: q.ml3c:eo:

l:cD Jf)cD

Student C

How do yoLl pronounce "GodMother"?

e.nrE: s:,:.> crQ:eqr($6) "":l(5)


emtrcE:or:(E)

"God-'mother"
cgc6cioolrr
yoLr pronounce i't

oE

o,-,5cS s?3r

Teacher

"God-Muadh-erl'

q o$e9rQ($6)
o6P

s"6(o5) e,r'l6m:rn:rr

".i:l(6)

c":crr:
qcrS...,lrr

(god-muadh-er)

{.oStudent C

Thank you.

-(s)
eqrE:oo:(8)
Teacher

"?
ao eprr

e.n;:e: o:E t,.lo:c-tS

you're welcome.
u57

s.r" d(i)o:6:(6)

eo6P

.BgoE.:l"rt,'
r:$:oco.,

qG

oeq:f,:c8cor8an$:

UNIT - 13 Glossary
mean (8:($))

(saE,r:.r5o6:oo8:a,1cr5)

Family (,)8.3) (n) parents and chiidren. 8or:o

tul have in mind; intend; have as its

thought; ir-rtend to
Eo5qE $6e,.,Tc: glrr ep!
c g.-S

say.
gjn

parents (aqe(o56) (n) the father and the mother.


3?c(9993)Gcil

spell

(od(i)) (v) write or say the ietter of a word


,or.dgl; rnean.
occu:
o $
er

in

ec,lE:

g! rr

{oi

c: gj

rr

God-father (e"1(5)o::ar:f (n) person who undefiakes, when a child is baptized, to see that

it is trained, as a
cae<.rs>

christian

plorglqo$qrr

(sae..ri"orc:l

pronouce ("E:egrE(6))

t"tl

speak distinctly.

SogreQr$ogll
God-nrother (eo1(,5) (n) Belson who unde{atkes. when a child is baptized. to see that it is trained. as a chlistian. saeo
cr$ro.n,,
sa

cr:or:)

e,plo:pq-

g q"

uNrT - 14(A)
Conversation(I) q $.ocee. (ocn::e$rd$E:)
A
96:( $)

My wife and I were at the movies


evening. QS qc'5(,1) sr5($5) sBE d,rs

last

src,S(i)

c:S

?e:(6) cor(6o5) duS $;(5)

("o)
B
/ o\ (3r,)

Et)4 eclcD q$eofo8. e$:ee'E&o6oE

Ed EoroSl
Did you enjoy the picture? s6(5)
a

,j\?

cr3 oo'(,:5)a;rrr "rE($) dtE:


ec_,;b\"cur:
rr

lo

qe

^-

l9 gqc.:r

Yes, we dicl. We enjoyed

it u"ry

nrr-,.h."
DqooS(Sj)

.i.5(6)

s6(E)rr S szSfiS:(S)

r"B(i)

("o) ,
"d?."J5"1orc3rr

doEi fpgp
cc$:o:c..,

@c6o:oSrr

qo
(II
I

aoqrf,eSecrtcc$:

C:
(8)

Where does Mr.r'ictot rvork? ol(5) Q(cur:) so5(S) ,9oro6or ogo:r o6o:r ocS9rszc96r o:6c,looirr
He works in a factorY.
r c e 6 C/C\ ()) o.l(aoJ S?CGJ G32 gcDcoq .\/CC\

D
/o\
C

(sJ

oo5 rcn

oq6c,'lor,-S

rr

Was he a factory rvorker in Japan.

.:l(6)
(8)
"1
c.t

d eo do5co81 .il -"


sz cD 6

s"E($)

c,1,r$

m o c5$

cr or: c'Jt:rt

No, he wasn't. He was a teacher.


6:r
o e (')
e c \ e a/c\ o.l\cc3) ()) o.l(oJ cc2 cr)3p: ^/ eo

(8)

oo.5fiszcu6ocn:ocno5.jl cprr oe.r:pE: Where did he teach?


\/ \ C/C\ o(o":J 3o(3/ e e/C\

ep.irr

cD or(aJJ

(8)

o ocScn

ecntrrE: eo epcu6c-,'l

ooi

rr

He tar-rght in a school in Australia.


,-B eon(oS)

*E($)
m

Gsa ocD: (cS) 3rE($)

Eoe
(8)

@:cu1
3E6

Soe@:o1

empE:cr,.,l

t'

o$e":c.,

ecE s $

saco{m $ o

<5

oS 5

ocnr:cpr

qe

Do you know the name of the school,l ?,

q
I

$r
6 : sa

a>S
c,,

$5:(5) esar(,i) oS ocn:(c,S)


o E : c3<..,'l

(E)

cn;:

g!

co::

rr

No,

don't. BLrt I think

it

was a boy's

school?

8: siE
.ir(6)
(E)
e

"$.(c) 3)o5(i) {s])s(S)


(6) oc?:(i)
c.r: o c3.r'l cr: r
r

?,6(C)

"-rs
o er $
e

cnp

E:

s'l e

c,

e,_S e or crSp :
rr

cD

6oJ: ecDJrE : cE. q1$

o:5 co8 or,-S

(rrr)

E:
/ e\ ($:/
:

Did Mr-Top came fi:om France. s6(5) cgco: eo::(6) .8$,(6) <oS6 .',q$.(6)
egcoreco:(S) g6 crBSS 6 cn coror:co::l
yes, he did.

F:
sac'5(6):

.t"E(6) ,B 36(5)
cnoScirr

o$Eo6m oor coc,.,'ll

E:
(32:J

/ e\

Did his wife come from France too,? s6(5) ,::6(6) i"5(6) mE:(E) ,rgS to5l$(6) qi oe$:olQ6 o6cn co:o::cur:
rr

a:$:orcc_r

eoq:ftcSccn8ar$,

:
s".6(6)

No, She didn't. She came from England.


8:r E s6(sE:)r

6 .86:(6) *g5 m6cu$

c,qo5tiop:rr 3)ocD sa6cu$m coro::,-'1"

UNIT - 14 Glossary
movies (98: 6)

(oE,n.-'5o8:co8:a1o5)

movie (g8:)

(n,pl) 96gEop: (n) 95981 969Epgr


gE$E:r eg.ecu15$E:r,

enjoy (d,!tSt) (vt) Aoc:oplr ec,15g6o3!r o6qc6oElrr enjoyment (d,ltS:+-$c'5) (n)

picture Factory

(o6(c'5)aJr:)

(,)(d)coil

"q5 (n) 96o8r ,-,$:3.1crn:r oSri (n) mcu6{1r o.:56rr

worker (d(em:)
France (rq$"(S))
France

(n) mco8oor:rr

(n) Q6o6$E6rr

(n) $Eo6Q$er:egs8l:rr England (s"E(6)co(6) (n) m5c.:$RE6

(.q(6)

Englishman (saE:ocu 6.i

-d

Et $)

sa 6 c..36 3?3;p

or:

rr

o:$:ooo.,

uNrT - 1s(A)
Conversation(I ) q $.ocee i1E:($) (om::e $:{$EN
A
Is there library in Boston?

s"6(6) ci(oc:) e o{6)m$

cSc,5oe

q{ -6($)
o
c.ro:
rr

(.o)
B

o:(6)o: $ ocor@

g!{

cf

E,-,1

Yes, there is.

It is a very good library.


sz6(6)rr cr6(c'5) 316(6)

q"6(6)
("3)

oi(o::)

esa JQoi(6)cS<fc>eqQ

qddSr'l-.-,5,'
ecnrE:g$,rlo:,-Srr

o"Ed{d-

oq$

Where is it?

Q(o::) s,6(6) m6(o5)

("*)

-E d 4d ooS

eg

epoc

$<-'1

oci

rr

cr$:o:c.,

oJ
B

oq:prc8c<.r:tcl$t
It's across the strect l-rtlm the post office.
szE(o5,E) saaeg. (6)

o3 ocoQ(o5)'46(6)

cr3 Q.(6o5) esar.'o6(6)


/e\ IOJ

o:dcf

$.q.,5 g:

atrE:

{6 cr
o1

flo11or':5

rr

It is not far from


saS(o5)

here.

sS(S)

"+?(d)

'96(6)
rr

.-8{*N

o (II)
C

g! e1

op"o c36c eo:dl :o:

Is there a college in Boston?

s"6(6) d(cur:) egeemro36(3J)'3"8($)


e

o:(6)o:$
o2(6)cn
$

(8)

c:

e.,-':o36

$1t'"1

oct'::'r

Yes, there is.

It isn't Large, but it's a very

good college.

6tc'5(6)r

d(o:::)
ar:(,51)r

sz6(6)rr 3"6(o5)

m6oE:(d)

rro5 (o5) m6(d6) esa

Jq
(8')

Bo5(S)

eco:

i6('!)

qcSQ fi,:io:tS'r e.ora36cn'a@:et-'oo$r

oo3$

emr8:c,'lo:.Srr

o$:o:c,

eo5s

cacoQm$

o6o3Eom::cS:

What is the name ol'it?


(8) D

96(d) ,16(6) a)S $5:(S) esa:(6) s6(o5) e.orC6 s,ao cn ocrS c8e dlt_,'l ooj E!
rr

Boston college.

(8)
C

eo:(6)or$ eca:c86(<i) e o:(6)o: $ em:cEE<_,'lrr


How many stuclents are there in the col_
lege.

e,r::6: d$: oo::sE(oSB) ca: c)(o:::) ot:($) a:8 ecncc88 (ri)


(8) ecn:o3 6 o: ecnl:6: o

em,1:6

or:

co<-rS

ecoro8 Ecr'loojrr
D I clon't know, but I think there are about five hundred.

r$"(o)g:r oc8(o5) 4S c>e(S) c)cuc: c>) s>ecr),E(d) F.S(6) or$sqcS(5)


(8)
q1 $ eco-S sacoE

{s

"o?

ecnp6:

or

ecnp8:

oc:

c'I qpe cu:cr5 Eo,rS,r

o$:oc,,

o9
C]

oqrf toScor8cr$:
Doe s vour daughter go to college there'l 3o5(S)

{o}
I\ L)

8\

;(-') aE op: ig.o 8: d o $ecn,o3 6 o'-'t


".'2 "e(or",)?
"?
oq.:(oS)
"

Yes. She cloes, and she likes it very much'

"td(6) ./.\
(8)

q .d(6) dS:($S) fl
\6 .C/C\

c.?"5(56)

32d(or) uq eortaJJ
.ncr5rilo:,.,Srr

o8: da;EiecnrtE8i saq$

c,e :1.n1tllor,rSrl

(III;

'fed

Mother, I'n-r hungry. May


nana'J

have a ba-

,l?:a)t:r 4S(S) ,,l$"81:r eo s3E .-'>d(E)


Gv)
/ c\

:Dtl:fl:
og
$

fo),D,)

s,

Mrs. John:

there aren't any bananas in the house,


.br-rt

"

"

orE eor o:.r5 rr .,t5 et-'p c3: qo cD': I


I

there are solne aPPleq'


szE:($)

c)(,o:) *$"(i) d$: oqr:9r(6)

rf e,rrd(5)r 3ro5(i) :}(t':r:) szr


.r$toro,,

eo5 s $ sa eoQm$ sa6

oB 6

ocnrte$r
C \/ CC\

oq

eoC):(61 32cD o(cDoJ

C /C\

oocDotS o oll

cc

. :

32OCJ?CCDGOJ3O:elJ):| 3lGu(j()) O+:f,J:


etOlO)OJll

oc

e o

oa

YoLr may have an apple. c/c\ c/c\ c\/ c\ c? GO ('cD(oJ S?(})$J $cDO(cDJ
o E:..-,

$:

c3:o6co:

qo<-S

rr

Give an apple to Reagan too.


C/C\ C/C\ oo(uj s2())(lj

s2cDO(oJJ

C\/

C\

O c q oc

cD:

qoE

4 oi

c.,

$: c3: co E cu: ac-,: c8cr5

"

c-,1.l rr

Ted

:
c\

Thank you. mother'.


c/c\ f,)g(a,,} 0) of:cJf:tl

[O)cD)

Mrs.Jhon

: :

6cDJ:e:o)Ec-rlo:,$ s?eo,r

You'r'e welcome.
C\ c? 32f o(o)J \/

cDO:(oJ

C /C\

"gnBA$

,r3goBc-,11o:rr

UNIT - 15 Glossary (o6o:cSs6:or6:q.6)


Library (c,pc6c:e6lil (n) o:@g!dcf
rr

collection of books: room or building where tion of books is kept.


cr$ro-rc.,

coilec-

oG

oqrp,ogec,r6 oo$:
o1p

Librarian (io5 o: e 6lQo $) f n) or@ddoS oro3.f e,1p) person in charge

(gqm

oS

of a library.

acr()ss (szae sp(6)) (nren) c.r6oo5ero:6oc6cS.r sa$r:


or
6

o.6

(adv) co$.cu$.G"S

colle-ee

(emcu6(,{)

(n) ecn:o3Secn;o6:rr

University (c12$orSo3) (n)


recror

o:gic6

(qc6(S)o:,

(n) <-,1eo:qa;15

professor (,rEco.,Bao:) (n) c.r'lecr<?

lecturcr(cDc,5(c6)aJ"sp) (n)orgic,ScoC"n
as
srs

tan r- tec

rurer (r" o S(6)c; S (oS) o:.,5(.,5).,p qr)

(n) tutor

cu

c,S e

(cntr1po::)
(6ldq6(6)cog?)

co:,rS m

(n)

o:gioSo

"n

rr

gg!:prr

dernonsrraror (8g$ocoeq:orr) (n)

qrg{i,
saeaor6op

.,9Sg

registrar

(n) eo5q$:cg$:

(ols6:($) bursar (orao:)


warden

(n)

(n) o:gc3cS

op:i$:
"r.lrE,,

research-officer (Qeo2({)r e sa:co5 ao:)

(n)

?"-.rl

c-.f:o:oc.r

uNrT - 16(A)
Conversation(I) q $.o:e er dE:($) (ocnle $cd$E:) A
What al'e you going to do to-morow?

96(d) szr

("o)
B

"fdG$

fl:sa8:(6) o6::'::cu6oo)rr

o: s: o:eoE:

I'm going to go to work.

4E(6) 8:saE:(6)

(d)
A

c _. c c c elf eolmcoOc:r:ocDrr evening? ?o(crlJ s>)


C /C\ oc:lc:(oJ \C C/ c\

8, "? .il(S)

What are you going to do to-morrow


^/C\ ^ <r'7 O:sac(ir.) o e o) 3: cD6or6: sd:

("o)

cDg

_cl-.c Ie

cq

oC: c:ro>O ec0

\
rr

o$cox.,

oq:f:cEere:Eo$;
B

: : :

I don't know.

46 r$.(d)
('3)
A

$'

(q$eo:5) oc3eo:cr'l:::rr
Shall we go to a movie?

gd(.S) f

,i,q

em og

("o)
B
/ e\

: (q1$eo:54.) $SrSgr:@ocu::rr i
Yes, Let's.

qd(6) c.)o6(i 6)
(3)l
(ID
C

em:r o::@oo5lr

What are you going to do after dinner to_ night?

?6(d) sa" .? 8:s>E;(6)o: s; d(&)o:: sEq:

q$";(d)
(8)

D
/e\

: cr:fl.er gorr o:;$:e1E oE:cr:o6oolrr : I'm going to study. : (q1$eo8) orec,ecucuro._,Srr


{6(6) E:o6:(5)
c.:

oorS

|.3,i

,r$eorc.,

er.r5s $

co {cn$ sa f, cr3 6 omrtcSr

og

What are you going to do?

96(d) sa" o? 8:szE:(6)


(cE:) o:rc"SocJr,
C

cD

3:rr

Ilm going to write some letters'

"8,6(S) Q:sz5:(,5)
cuc'5or(6)

?, qd(C)
e

eo6:(5)

(q$eof)
(rII)
E
/ e\ [3?:J

o{szq E!:c,',S)

e1."'r5l

Did you go to church last SundaY?

"? i' "? "Jr(,{) Er)Q orgseseE.cn cE: oeP:emtrr8:c:r:


s6(5)
ao$:es: a)G)f:ll Yes,

cor(6i)

I did. Did you?

qd(6)
3?cDIoJ
C//C\

{E

s6(5)rr s6(5) orrr


3)ctJ'3rr

eE:eqlf,e):Ge:; "2o5Qqr:"1o:.-Srr No, I didn't. I was sick.


8:r

dE

s6(sE:)

4E ,il(6) eo6(d)

/ 6\

[:D:J

oq::.-,'b::r (%$o,rS) eqo ecnrE:Cc'lrr

o$toro,,

go

oqef:oEocr8cc$t
But I'm going to go next
c

Sr-rnday.

c/ c\ oc/c\o c/c\ o srcD(oJ 32c:(oJ o:32c:lo,) o) o:

c/ cc c\
+cD(cDocDJ

eol:3:

sle.rr,$rr eg:.So-r g,3eg.B q::$6".r5r

(IV)
G

Where al'e you going to work next Sumt'


mer'?

)(o::)
oc:c?:
(s.r) c

c?)

8:sz8(6)q

".1(5)

rc,5(c66i)

cD?so)G8
cDOO?CDll
LJ

e c co c sPO(J) oC:J)oJcD s)cDO33f:

c\

I'm going to work in ii factory.


oc /c\ o c /cwt/c\ c/e\ \/ c\ e ?c:(e)crs?c:(oJ q? q\al e2c$l6s.a o\cDJ co6l
o c/ c\ c2o(alJ
:

G:

zor6cu68 o (cagcolr/ocDqcDs L L L.c:r:cr,-Srr


I'rn going to help my uncle on his farm.
OC /C\ O C /C\ \/ CC\ OC y)c:[cJ o:S,?c:\o] o) (r)(c'roj oc:

/ c c\ c" o

c2l[cDCDJ

C/ \

C\

%r$j
(sr)
LL

c/c\ (I)o(oJ c /c\ c/c\ ofl:(cJ

C C O re e \ catco),C\ e 6Le:Gc'J: o)oJoJ"cD f,)":[g: q gc? ccc 32CDO CDOOo)il

a:$:oo.,

ooEs $ oeo{cn$ at5 cE8

ocn:to$:

gc

(v)
I
/ o c\
J

When are you going to go to Washington?

q($)
(.?c,)

-, q 8:saE:(6) "? i' q olgSor$($) ,6:ol oE o ft i o,$ eo:ra3r: o:oi


rt

I think

I'11

go in June.
Q,

4s: ])(5) 4s:(c6)

-E($)

'?lF($)

g$cocdp (%$eo?5) 3r:$6,nc5

co8c"oSu

UNIT' L6 Glossary
Work

(oEgco598:cu8:a1c'5)

(..1(d) worker (olmr:)

(n) sao96r sao'26s4{Err


(n) :racuSocn:rr

working (qlo"S3(S) (n) o:6c$:r cu6'ir co69E!:rr after(Q(6)o:r) (adj)eqro58E:$$6eo:


(adr,)

e9:o5$

(PreP) eqr.t5cn

dine

(8E:-$)
(sE:gr:)

dinner
Stucly

(ut,vi) Eoror:oElr' (n) gorr eo'o?:a)


(n) eo.;coceop!:g:p8:"
(adj) oq$:6tc3)'rr

(oo:68) srcr< (ao6(5))

ill. in poor health,


!
o
lL

a sick Preson'

c.$:ctto.,

EJ

oqrpra8ec"r:8o$:

U. S. A (Season s )"ra
Summer (ao6:c,n:)

(n) egspc3

", Q-$pdecorEocrl p

c3

gc2 crp:,,

(June, July and August)

and Feb.) Spring (ooq&(5) (n) 8:p:spc3 (March, April and Muy)

Fall (eo:(oi)) tnl Q,.p"3 (Sept., Ocr. and November) Winrer(06:($)0l:) tn) eeocEgpr3 (Dec., Jan.

U. S. A ( Monrhs)"szc, qcl>$EdecorE
January

oerl cucu":,,

(.,fSfltplil

(n) e$qolQo;

February

(-'({) April (e m:"q(.S)


March

(o.rSopolfl) . (n) eoe,_,5olQcu


(n) erCcu (n) e$cu (n) eocu
(n) (n) (n)

May
rune

(ec)

(qip($)) July (qpoiE:)


Augusr
S

s$-

(e

sa:oi(Ed))
6
_

t{6$goScu
o.r5 c.,
E

eptember- (eo oE - S - d

r:") (n)

c,r:cu

October(eszr(o5)o3oo) (n) esa:e6o3o:co

November-($d53r") December (8eEo:)


cc$:orc.,

(n) goEcrcu

(n) ge6o:cu

conversafi on0) g $.o:ee .rt \r.rf $6:($)

uNrT _ r7($

(ocncse@dS6N

j
-

i(,^,"t ""s(6) o16()

Where does your brother, Ted live?

.,,?

cDsps_r;-6,, .
ego)

G*)
B

: o6:,itrgi .,"o.r5, ocrSg:


He lives in chicago. cD6(6)
:-B

("3)

-s(f) fi*f6i. , (+J fi*fl6r.s, .rdl-j;"


Does he like chicago?

(.*)

:i9 '{rsc\:c;(s) fi*i (d fi-,i6r.d crecDq '


i1o:srr
aoftocc.,

(96oc'5)

e9

oq:pto8e<,r:o$t
Yes, he does. He likes big ciries.
a/c\ q-(r) o 6 /c\

cB

c/c\ sd(b)r -3 a3d(5 6)o6(3)

oO): iol (3))


/ 6\

: cnsSc)rr q$p.@:";rr.8

([;
C

Sp.f, .',lor,.Sl

Where does your sister, iaura live'?

g(-r) so5(E) eor


cDotoJ
/6\

o6(6)orl "Go::sp"

c/c\

loJ

oE:\.EQo "GCDrq?"

:.:.f9r

eqo)rr

In San francisco.

-3($)
(8)
C
ao
$

ao$oqgog.8:
cB:$1.or
e g c,l

o q$ o g

o:.rS

rr

Does she like it?

3i(6) q {.6(s)
(E) a>.,

s,E(os)

"o$

* q$ rB

4 r[61.d

crcc:)cDJ

(s6o:cf) \.rur:rr
D
Yes, she does.

qo(oJ
(sl
/e\
e-,e

c/c\

o 6t

3o(oJ
.S.

c/c\

"?dd I a:*cl-$.q$'gd'[61"
orml(s 6 D.E) .ilorrS
o$:o:o,', l

eoSe $ oco{m$

sa f,

o36

om::e$r

She likes the west very much.


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But I like the East.


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ac

(m)
E Where do you live?

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I live in los Angeles.

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Do yoLt live in los An-eeles?

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Yes. I do.
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Wi-rere do you live?


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We iive in New york.

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Do you like new york?

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yes. Wb tii<e very much. .1"5(6) 8 0?.6(5)

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My wife likes the srores.


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and museums.

I like the theaters

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(v) Mary, Amy and kathy
crS)
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We want thrree tickets to New

york, please.
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I rvant a tickct to washington please

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Do you want a one-way or a roundtrip ticket?

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A round-trip ticket.
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Agent

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That is sixreen dollars and fifiy_eight


cents.

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UNIT - 17 Glossary (se3.-,r.:So3:co3:a;oE)


brotlier (oq,5o:r:)
brothe r hood brotl-rerl1, (cr
(n ) oo eS?c/)

(oq6o:r:-,-,:r5) (n) E!szc8sz@6


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sister (o6-6-o)1) sister (o6-E-o:r)

(n) sz6or

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(adj) s>5o

({.) ,

Q{."tr6"E".,",,
sisterhood (o6-6-o:r -o:r 5)
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(n) g!saosa$6r

clly

c3o;qE-:ro-8clE: roroc (n) 9[.r [g[co]l


cS)

capital

(Qo6d

(n) fOC"-6 [g[co)ar o)cD:S-alg:

East (sB-6-o5)

(n) sae o.o.t5sz<16


(e

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oc oc.
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E,rsterner'

(s8-6-or$ qr:)

(n) s2e e.o8E:e:::


(32cq cDc:6cc Df:J

West (o,f-E-o5)

(n) s>e 9rcr5oo5szci6


(e

goEq:s"e15)

Westerner (oc6-6

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r:$:o:o,

(n)

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sr.r5o33:r:r:

oqrf:oteorSoc$:
South (eaorc6-c5) Southerner (eeocc6 - o
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-

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North

G+i-$)
(o4:-6)

Noftherner (eg7o$:- q::)


Stores

(n)o{:{q::
(o?+9Tcl
/ c. oc\

Theaters (c3eoo:c6)
mLrseums (B[8cu6 6)

(n) eroS$q:: (n) p{c'5ep:

Agent 1"-r",1-d)

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UNIT - 18(A) Conversation(t) ogi.*e


(ocrr::e$:{$S:)
Mrs.caroline

c"

518:($)

Do you have any relatives in


washington, Mrs' EmilY?

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Mrs.

Emily :

No, we don't but I have a brother


in New York$:r

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He and his family are going to visit
us next Sunday.

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Mrs. caroline

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: oh, that,s nice!


br.other.'s name?

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what is your
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Mrs. Emily
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His name is kennedy.

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Mrs. Daisy

Do you have any relatives in this


country, Mrs, Rosy'l

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Mrs. Rosy

Yes.

have an aunt ancl uncle in


a

chicago, and my husband has


brotlrer in New Jersey.

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Do you have uny relatives hcre?

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Mrs. Daisy

dqrr -dg" oE:m{1:Ea:cur:rr


cousin in los Angeles.

Qeco:cn6(86)
-:

No. I don'r, but My husband has a

t:r

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:

Is Mr.Bony's wife living?

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No. She isn't. She diecl several years ago.

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Does Mr.Robert have any relatives'?

30Q

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Yes, he has two nieces in New york stlte and a nephew in the west.

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C

Are your parents living?

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My mother is living, but my father is deacl.

83

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He died three years ago.

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Where does your mother live?

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She lives in our old home in ohio.

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LNIT - l8 Glossary
Iamlly toc:ocDj visit (o6-o6-o5)
/\C 6 O\

relatives (Qecu:or6(E5)) {n) e q

o:::Q

E:

op:

(n) 8c:r:or sSSecorEo


(

vt.vr 1nl

.}

acc rrcDe s-aoo)tJl:r>pl

cug!oi$E:rr
eE!c:glrr

visitor (o6-o6-or)

(n

t szog) szc-,Cc:::e-r,,

nice (8,r5-6)
/o c c 6\ nlcely (6cD-o-cDJ

(ad3

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lc!cil6c)?l
(n) c:e o:en1r s6o,r5oo5
(

cousin (cn:eo6:-$-)
/o c c\ wrle (ocD-oJ

ll ) o6):cDe]S2CDGO,C 6rr

C\eOC

(n) oor:re$:
tviI cait.op!,r sao:r$<f op!r
c\

live (o5-3) Llvlng lcDooc:-ol


several
t c c

(adj) szocf oEegec:r ccr-c (n) 3rcDco:oo:clgae:e


(adj ) sz eo:5szor $ @6eorr

(.d"i("5))

mgE!:c<-t5$6e ooir

nieces ($:o-5-6) nephews (qcr5ocr:6) parents (d616: oS 6)

(n) coocp: (n) o':o,p:

(n) Soop:
o$:orc,-,

uNrT _ re(A)
Conversation(I) q$.crreo.lgS,($) (om:ae$"{6S!)
Mrs-

Bush :

Good morning katharine. How are you?

gd(5)

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o..;

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og"Eqfi

e,5cu:$gcfa6:,:1rr ,,.n.r5ar:qE:"rr
egeco:E: \.cu::rr very well, thank you. EIow are you?
Eq:

katharine :
.n,r5o:e1E: :

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Mrs. Bush

I'm fine, thank you. How is


mother? oc /c\ oc /c\

your.

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o

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C\

katharine

She is not very well. She has a cold.

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Mrs. Bus

oh, I'm sorry! well soon.


c?:r cac:(eJ
O
OC //C\

hope she

will

be

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330

oq:fl:s8co:to$t

(II)
Mrs. kennedy Good evening, Mr.Johnson. How
are you? 8O)(3,) c):oc:tc3(oJ

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Mr.Johnson cc

very well, thank you. And you?


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Mrs. kennedy

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very well,,thank you. How is your


wife'?

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333

Mr.

Johnson

She is fine, thank you. How is Mr.

kenn
,q

edy?

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Mrs. kennedy

He is well, thank you. ,.8 ,?6(6)

d(i)

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oegecn:6:c-,lo:,rSrrecr4o:c.rE,,,1lcrr<'Srr

(rrr) Mr. Blue How is your family?

eonE: s"6(E) eon do6c8


ooo)?J)O):

Mr. yellow

\.8 o::o eq ecnrE:@ \.cu:: very well, thank you. How is your
oE:
rr

family?

d+
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3cJ Mr. Blue

aoqlp:e8co8o$:

They're pretty well.

6cD:ca: oq5o3: d(c,S)


C)00)?J)0): OtL

oo3.e g ecmE:@.-rl or,-,5l The children had colds last week.


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But they are better now.

3"o5(i) Gcrr: s)r ocr5(o::N eqr8:


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(IV) A How is your sister, Malgaret?

e.:::E: sa6(6) eo: o6(6)o:rir


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B

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She is sick. She's in the hospital.


c/c\ c/c\ q sz6(d) o6(5) q(6) 3,E:($) -e ej5ecm(b) obcd(oS) /c\ C \/
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oh,

I am sorry! I hope
sBE ,",-S(5) eaorfl3'

she

will

be

well soon.

d:r

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Thank you.
a>(5)
"57

(s)
(v)
Mr.carter

ecn;:ccoE,,r'1o:oSl

Mr martin wasn't at work last


week.

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Is he sick? c /c\ e c/c\ sDo[oJ ()) oo(aJ


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Mrs. Martir-r
c/c\ e rD

eoqrfroS eor cc$:


Yes. he is. He's in the hopsital.
61cD(olr 32o\oJ

c/c\

e/c\ c/c\ r rD(ol 3?c(tJ

c:3:e,nr(6)
oocDg)o)c o
cc c:e
go

o6d(i)
e.rrE:o3jl r c:e
ao:

erl:dlr

Mr. carter

"cEq) am sorryl How long is oh, I


going to be there? o oc c/c\

he

e c s):l Yac a?o)(ol 6eo)el:r G())?c:

Gc\))c: 3)o(o,) cD o:32c:(o ) al J)

c/c\ e o

c/c\

c)(or:)
aoCD)a)aa o
Mrs. Martin
cc
Occnc"C r):l oo:+P:Olo)(Dll
cJGeO:tO)cDcl
C Cl-- fO r o)a no)Gc\)fcD[9flgc\)il

For about ten days.

e,6l meord(.5) o:E:($) es:(E)


oocDO?g)c o (3)

l.c\ccc clcDcD c eo:


stoltgil

qO"/

eooJ qcDccDrcD

nro

Mr, carter

can he have visitors?


\C /C\ C/C\ e C C /C\ cDc:$l (, ())cD(o/ oocoo)r(o]

aaa)a)aa o

ct c \ oc 8c cJP(3roc:GO:croJl:l o)"sco n

cJo)):il

r:$:oro.,

e,a5s$saeo{m$sai,o38omr:eSr
Mrs.

3cg

nrar-tin ;

-ves, ire can.

The visiting llouLs are

ll'orn firur to six in the evening.


q.t"(.oJ
c/C\ O \C /C\ (/) mc:(fJ 6 f,)

oococDc:(ol

C C

C /C\

mol(6) gaxs,6 e.5 o', oE(dB) c /C\ 6 e \ C /C\ S?c:(lJ c) s2:crlc:(o)


OOCDO?O)C
o

"?iQ curt6..-,lo:,-Sr, * g!oE!crp: ccor-ce


-c a
c

3?%- ecl ac:GO:Pqo cEcmf 16l

Lgoolol(Drl

Mr.carter

I think I can visit him on sunday


evening.
\C/C\ C C/ C\ OC C/C\ OC 3?c a)c(aj c2c cDc$, uoeo(o)j C/C\ C O \ C /C\ %r(fJ 3ol:Gs; 3?:olc:(oJ q1$ e":5o:9,5eg eg. geEaE:er

C))c:(o)

C /C\

aoC'))(D)a) o
Mrs. Martin

a) qcD 3JO)C:6():

o o

CJO:

SC()())COCO)O)ll

oc

I hope you can.


\C /C\ c/c\ OC 32c (I)o(ol (D cDc:FJ I C \ OC
C

OOCDOf CDC
o

L(

ooo)"cnro)" (cJOc:co:,J f,)r:sco())


o?. ca I ecg)oJco

c.l

c rcDcDlr

o$:o:c.,

ccG
UNIT - I9 Glossary
How

oq:f:a8cr"t:Ecc$t
(oE<.,co5o8:cuE:etrc6)

(e,:::6:)

(advl cij"3.r oElgr

c c (. -s oe?oelg:lge
(n) oc6gg!:r oc56
However

(ecn:E:dv:{

(adv) ::crS$r

o,r591rr

werr

(d(i))

(adv) ecm&c$pr
(adj

oEQdp

) ecrnE:eanr o$eo$e c:

(n) eqq6: (vt) o$:qc6og!rr


Fine (8E:($)) tn)

".u5.g

(vr) scr6egEcfcrEln
(adj) ecncE:o$eoc

Fineness

(q&fc6(6)

(n) eca:E:g$$6:
(adv ) em:E:t$ g?' a6:gc:o:

Finely (QE$.8') Sorry (eamQ:)

(adj) o6:qg!:Gor.r
Ss5oemrE:$5e

or

nope (c26(6))

(r't,vi)egEo8oElrr ra::co:: o$rr

(n)
hopeful

egpcuEatr<zSrr

(,{6(6)q:(cS)
n ess

(adj) egpof e,1c,5$eo:

hopefully (cn6(6),!
hope fu
I

c3:) (aclv) egpcoSolc,S@:g:$f


g : - c,5 -

(c?6(6)

c5

6)

(n

) e gp

co E a;.6 EQ

:,,

ar$:orc.,

coSs$oeo{m$:n6o36ocn::ePr
hopeless

33q

(c?S(6)cuc6(6)) (adj) egEcuEagc'5oEeol,


(adj) ooeortr

pretty (oe16d:)

(oe1c,5o8:88:) (vt) cuc.reooglrr prettiness (o6idd:gc;(6)) (n) ooemllgE:$E:rr


prettify
cold (c{:cS5) (adj) esz:eo::(n) esa:pE:, saes>:8 eqc
em:E:$E:rr coldness

(4:(oS5hc'5(6) (n) es-a:p6:r saGs.r:


(adv) esa:ooSg:rr (adj) QecncE:e o:r (vt) Qemr8:g$og!l
g$

("!:cS5c8:) beuer (oc'5o:::)


coldly

betterment (oo6cocb5 (o5)) tn ) Q ecn:6:

curpE

rr

sick (ao8(c'5))

(adj) eEeecnr8:eo:t
ccDJf:oaGcJf
ll

sicken

(ao6"o8:($))

(ut,vi) crp:E:oglrr

o$:d:$eoeoo$rr
sickening (so6.a&q8:(cS) (aaj)

g$8ffi

.x-S

e.''r&eolr
g<-S

sickeningly(ao6mE: sickness

i.S.8:) (adv)

c $:o3:

$or

grr

(so6(dhc6(6)

(n) cmtr$:m$E:r
ecp,r"ie szrs>$$E:rr

er$:orc..,

uNrT - 20(A)
Conversation
cn

$.o: e c gE:($)

(ocn::e$c4EE')
Alexander is telephoning to Maria
saco,:Seg:: s"6(6) dcSo$:gE:(S)

"o:
(D

"?

orQ...,:r
E!
rr

Q.::r

"gE

s" cD,t5 eso:

4.

$, o.o:: e$r S @ o

Maria
o"6](D"
e

Hello. \o (rc\)

Alexander

rt i, Maria? c/c\ c o elo(oj cJJo ()lq()"

grcDcDS6f:
3

cnQo:cor:rr
Yes,

Maria

it is.

.ld(6) s"6(o5) s,6(6)


ca6l(I)f oo5
c,l)co c$

r' er Slcurci

rr

er$:o:c,,

cJo

oqrf :oEe,ar8cr$:
:

Alexandcr This

is Alexancler, Maria.

o:6
S2CDCDG&?:
3
:

m6(6) sao:.rSc.gr: mQcr:r


Qcu:

sacr).,5es::c-,'irr o:

Can you go to the movies with me on

Friday evening?

dE:($)

%$($) .E.6es: sSdE:EE:(5) eo:@eg.e96f g. cr:Qo: gE


96

q i' "r l>3 ?8(6) o6(cS) 8:


@

ocD?:I

Maria

: I'm sorry, Alexander. I can't.


4E(6)
eao:Q:r sacu,'5cnsr:

{S

d$(o5)

o"610"

: o6:gg!;t-,'lco,-Srr s?cDcr5es::rr o:Qo: oi,tSSEolo:rr : I'm going to washington with my aunt


on Friday.

Maria

{E(5) 8:sz6:(6)o: olo8o:$ 06(15) QS

-$.(c)
orq(Dl
e

%$($) .E.,5"",

: q1$"r saedl $.eo:@:eg.er olo8o:$


.Bqr:qcro5rr

er$:oroc,

co5s$occr{cn$of,o36ocn::e$r
evening?

3Je

Alexancler : Can you go to the movies on Monday ms:($)q Q,q


s3:EE:qE:(6)
a>3

?8(6) %$($)c$:ecr

racu.fcngr: : o:gct3oe1. gotfl696t)t:3 "o:Qcm"


@EiSEccor:rr

Maria
e c"qo)"

: Yes, that will be fine.


6lc;(6) 3)d(o5)

eo:(i)

c qE'($)

Alexander

: qo5Qr @E!$EcflorcSrr I'll come for you at three o'clock'


uR sac'5(o5) oQ1 4S("S) -a'1S1 n.T

s)c'JcDc8":

"oect2(S) "coQu>r"

sQ

4 "?t+, Qg:-:eilocSrr

Maria
e cfq(})"

All right.
esz:(cS) q.6(d) c a c.
ccDtc:olcDo)ll : Good-bye, Maria.

Alexander

8d(6) {E:r or81oc


sacu.rse"s:: : slolD "ol81cDl" s'cotfctgr:co o$ocnr:rr
a.t$eo:o.,

so5aoo5

CJJ

oq:p:o6er"rc8cr$r
Good-bye, Alexander.
gacuc,Ees:: 8"5(6) cSEr /) /')\ I c O sroror. s)c'JcDe&f: ctq()?cD
c cJtocDl:il

Maria
e

"61()))

scDocD

(D
Mrs. Jane Hello.

"){,
6EcDoJf
3

go5ao.'5oen::

Mrs. Jim
cc

Is this Mrs. Jane?

m6(6)
oEcDoJc:

"p!(6)

ogc,5

819:

oocDoJl:c'Jf:il Yes,

Mrs. Jane
c oc cBmolg:

it is.
C OC

.rd(6) s"6(o5) s"6(6)

?oc?r

C \

cocDoJgsotil ^

Mrs Jim

This is mary Jim. a:>6(6) e"6(6) ecQ


olE

oBcDolc

GoqoJcolil

ca

rr$:oo.,

coE s $

caeo{m$ ai,

o3 6

ocrn:eS:

cJ?

Can you and Mr.Jane come to dinner


at our house next Sunday?

(5) ":E:($) o: sE: gr: mcrS(i) szrol ecn:c5(6)


o17

s"S:($5) ergo:r81$: cn6:


c

$cDooJ
oocDotc o{

/o cc c\

eof:G33

: curo,-SorgSegeg.cc ogo::31$: 4""$t ecy:E & %$o4.d6nn goror:88,rlcor::


rr

Mrs. Jane
c oc

: Yes. I think we can.


c/c\ o c c/c\ .t-(b) +b cri(s) 8.DE:($)
co8c,'lo:.:Srr

OOCDOIS:

{l

: o:cfQr C:8E",-,5

What time shall we come?


c oc : 3)(})y)aJfcDfqofc\)il

e6(C) 4E,(6) $("S) E co6:(6)

oEcrolt:

Mr Jim

: Come at five-thirty. m6:(6) 3"d(os) q.,5(g)

ord:

oocDotc: o!

: clgoQ cr:eo,-,Sm{$or
/ c\ o c/ c\ emc(oS) 6c;(cb)

curo'lrr

Mrs. Jane
c oc

: All right. Thank you very much.

-(5)

q Eq,.d({)

oBmoJls

: emrE:ol$r

GcDJ:e sacr;o:@:or8 crloroSrr

ccf :oco.,

3J9
N'lrs. Jirn

oqrfl,ateor8co$;
: You're welcome. Good-bye.
o? sm d(c,5)or6:(6)

go5(5)it:

oEcDolc

cc

: dg"E<..,lo:rr sldeg5 (eorEsa$:cc-'S) : Good-bye.


ocD(sJJ)c3

Mrs. Jane

c/c\ oc

oECD oJls

: glc,,ld (ap:al$:r ia""l$') sCeo.6 ocrr:l

(III)
Adam

: Do you want to go to the movies with


us to night Bony?

s: ,r: o6(o5) q Qrcp a$ cg:(6) c/c\ o c/ c\ oe


32o(oJ o)scD(oDJ cD+il 9r?3e
c

.6(d)

: d$r c:E!et.e4.i.ir6s8 : I'm sorry. I can't.

@gi,-,lcu:rr

Bony
oe

?f

s3E(6)eao2+ {Em$.(d) : o6:gE!:o'lco,$l or@pitE,.,1lor:l

I have to help my old father.


cBE ,nc,5(6)

q
ca1$

cDc,5(cS6)

QS

4'("S5)

(!f:3Jf:

?r

oe

: " sae co g8",r3

eo:5cn gi

qo,-rSrr

o$:orc.,

ceE a $.eec{qisn6 c,96

ocn::o$:

3Jg
,

UNIT - 20 Glossary(saEge"Sq8:cu8:a1c'5)
Hello

(d{) aunt (sa$.(d))


uncle

(intt)sieoc'5ocor:
(n) sze :ll

(s:ct}rsaot.-rS)
.

ffi:eorSrr ;

(sa$c;(cS))

(n) p:r p:ecu:' p:@:r p:eE:r


J)GCO:

o@l

witt (eo:(cS))

,,ocooc (n) 6cbszc5t cbgabaost


o o) Gl o o)coa:l

oc

oc

cJ: o) c; o?

oocc (vt) s)cDeoS93)el 63Jo)o3ot


|-\C C g9oge:

c9s>o6o3c>eil
c

will (eo{c6))
all over
(e ca:(cS)

(aux/v) cDcoelt

oc

all at once (emr(c,5)sa.6(d)

.6(6)
sa &.sa

(adv) gdo:qc6
rr

{o:){adv)

$c:r G I spor cDt

good-bye (Bo5(5)-

iEr)(n) ap: a1 $: s o5 eo c'5 o cDr:rr


(n/cotloq) op:o::$E:r

think

(of($5)) (vt,vi) op:oc:oE)r eq:eor:o$


eo::eor$E:

thank

(*(S)) (vt) eentr:o:or8od (n) ecn;:e: thankful (oi (5)q:(c8))(aaj ) e.n;:o: C o: want (o$(oS)) (vt) sac8&oElr imSeqog!
e

(n) do6a,1c'5' szcSEpE;


o$:occ.,

"JG wanting (06 dE:(S)

oq:p;oEco:8cc$:
(adj) c8sz56tG3).r
3?cDst6f 6oJ)

qd-d helpful (d(c.S6) ,l:c6) helfully (d(c,56),r:c3:)


help (d(o36)) {vt,vi)

(n) racosaplr cn$ol (adj) samsapQe,r:eo:


(adv) szm
sapQ

helpfulness (.)(os6)r:c6 f .;(5) (n) mcns>g$e1@E: helpless (d(cs6)cod(6) (adj) mmsaploqec:: helper

(d(Cd)
(d(c68)6cJ(o5) .,$$

(n)

"?q
(saco.:

helpmate

(n) semcapQec.,:o

"$'.rd,

aEg$:) EoSeE

oc$eorc,,

uNrT - 21(A) Conversation(I) eo$ocecgE:($)


(ocn::e$cS$E:) A
Where were yoLl born? Q(cur:) dd %$'($) oE:o8o<.Soeo:o:ro)rr

("-)
B

I was born on

a farm

in Illinois.

4S .ii(6)
(3)l A
/e\

s2cDStcr(o.J "$,($)

eo c/c\

%$($) esa co::(E) *s($) r"c8$td(6)cn


co.-,5cr:rc,? 6cl:cl.):

("A$"-)4
)c,"io:<-Srr

Did you grow up there?


s6(S) cR .,E' o6(6) en(tur:) srC$to5(6)cn

("-)

@:corco::

rr

r:$:o:c.,

3Jo
B
Yes,

aoqrf:oEco:tcc$:

I did.
oc c c/c\
oo sai3p.f or @:o:rcrlrr

qcD(oJr 3?c ao[sJ

c/c\

(3)l
(

/ 6\

cnorcjlo:obrr

ca

rIl
Where were yoLl lrcirn?" coc\ oc:cD J)(})?3 et:eDfcDil
\/ \ \ CI / d(or:) dd q %+'($)

(8)

I was born in London.

46
(8) C

.ir(6) %$,($)
)cu$ "
$

*s($) -$"$
eo:o-r:crllrr

(q$ eof

g"

Dicl you live in the city ol in the countr-y?

s6(6)
(8)

cl2.

cu6() s,S:($) c:3 8:i:(esa5)


Gt cJon:ri eco6cuo5e

c /c\ e c e s?c:{\l/ crr cDf:coT


c oror-E ob:d.ffi.p!:o
s

crs)cor:l

We live in the city. blrt we went to the coLln-

try every Surnmer. 8 o>6(S) saS:($) o3


^__-q_S-Qroc cD f,)J cDfsco$ ro -6 .

E:i: oi(i)
DO:e13

8 d(d)

32oT
Gg

(E)

l3[.lg:o)cf 6oot-t)tt
o3.) em;:oroS

TO

/ C C cdc:e: (q1$eor)

OC

eso,:3

cr:@o:<-Srr

o$:o:c,,

co8s

ooo{oi$

sa.5 c.3 6

omr:cS:

a.Jg

Were you born in this country?

o())
(8)

C /C\ C /C\ cDf:co$ %f3(\tJ S?c:(lj 3Do

cE:c{

Qo gir

ecngo:,:Se

c:

-ror

Go:o)rcD?:tt

Yes, I was. I was born in philadelphia, but

didn't grow up thele.

.l(s)q$:($) sa:($)8o: "ld(6) {E,ir(6) 4e


icb&cu::r oo{o5)cpsE- s& o&set(6) (8)
cDcDOlo)oJil eg:c.:rc.,'lrr
Ca C C C e \

S{-,)

cafccD" ocu, s(\)oo:oJf:o,

Ce

slet,oc'f Q - d g"F!: oE! srd

cclqolJ):il
When

was twelve years old, my parents

sold our home, and we moved to a small town near Boston.

eE'($)
qE

4E .il(6) Q(.S6) ,-8:(or:) {'(cE)

dq(i6) 4,(C6) sarol .n6:(6) s"E:($5) 8?(85) c? cs, oe":(i) eo:r8:($) $:(o::)

eo2o(o:$)
(.cal Go)]J of o eo(D&o6o 3J.:34 E(})O, o J)oP: c cro oc o c r c/) SzocD e6Pc:[9:r 63)"oo)lt9l.c)l:r ro l9tco)
cD

l l

tcc\ccccco

GcD: o)o

cD6[9"c: cE ?[gcD

o r- c

\l-

cD

c
rl

t:$ao:o,

3?o
(

oqrp,oSco:8o$t

Irr)
where was Ml. Adan-r born?

d(or:)
{'321

o1(6)

ogo:r

"o"6"
"$r($) eo:or:Sdlooirr

/ e\

ogo:r "s?s6"
,,3 dl(6)

iocSor

He was born in washington. sa8:(g) oloSo:g


ec:,-,11c.,c.,51

sc'5(6) : o(szs5) "$'($) olo8or$$1.cn


. He grew
,-B
r,rp

there.

oq: ,"6(6)

d(or:)
S:p,:1coo5r

src'S(E) : o(sas6) o1q5o>$$69:


E

: Does lie Iive alone?

3i(6)
(321

,-E cD6(6)

-q$,
3)or?:ri

: o(ra s 6)or6ecu:ct5o:E!:cl

: Ycs. he cloes, but his nieces and nephews visit himl every Summer.

.r"5(6) ,-B soE(6)r Do5(i)tlo6 (S)$o.f(6)


sr8($8h c'5o,13(E)o6G6(o5}.DS:(S) do
Q

o&t,::

sc'5(6) :.noSdr a:o:6ecur,r5

o: g!:

g.ilc"r<-Srr s'lec.,

od

qi"q"
"

er,p:sEorerir,.n

es<pCC6:or o:
rr

(* 6)fi{

szcuElcur@ci.lcoc$
cc$rorc"

eo5s$oco{cn$saf;c,36om:,eQr
UNIT - 21 Glossary (oEgccSo8,or8:atr.'5)
bear

.o?c

(o)o::)
(d:q8:(6)

(vt,r'il eo:oc:r:E!, oeaor6c:p!

(bear, bore. born)

bearable (de6l:d(cS)) (aOj) C:5 S8eo:r bearing


grow

(n) sz$1s>gr ,n$,.'$:

(o&) ("E:o1:)

(vt,r'i;

@q":oE} eol.6esp.:5og!
Qc631pa;

(grow,grew, grown)

grower

(n)

growing("$'.(6)) (n)S:c.,::$6:r
E'Br:$E:f3 dE aor growinely ("E:oE6c8:){aOut ffi:g::$ - -Jd
(ad.i )

tive (o6(E))

(vt.vi ) egiEo:Ei' moo5eo glr (ad.i)

szoc'5E".:t
c3,'5orcfeor
tn

lively(o.?d"o3:)
liveli ness
(c,.3 c'5

(acl;)

I o o5 o cf $ E : living (o:6o8:(6)) (ad.i) o:6o.'5 c.r:--o:6o.6


"
c8:

q.6(6))

c.,$cu: @6eo:rrr oE

o$eqeorl
cr

(n) orfeo:o6:e@:E:cr
I

ive I ihooci (cu

EcSo

-5

)f n l

rr

15

eo:o

5:

e@:E:

scll (ad(i))
(

(vt,r'i) e opE:oglrr
e-.S:oro.,,
I

Scll.Solcl. Solcl)

c?J Seller'($eo::)
move

-r'!

'opfiotctnScofr

(n) espE:a;o (vt,vi)ege$:E:oE!rr

(9-6)

T6Strap'
rr rr

(move,moved,moved) o:: op$ movement (g - SrQ($ o5))(n) eg."or:crr eg.e$r8:p8:

moving(goE:(5)
mover

(adj)o;65.p:eooreg;epE:eoorr

(cv:)

tn) m{co8a36rarr sa{$1cr

UNIT .22(A) Conversation(I) q $.o:e (ocncreft{$EN

er

X6:($)

Mr. Adam : I want ten five cent stamps and fifteen


Postal cards, Please.

{s .6(d) ors:($) 8.5 (t) *($d)


odE;(666) ,"8($6) ,r6(E)
q,(6cEes)
oBs($)

"o2(o55) "c8(6) ogcocea:s8 : em,1:q:$1o!.-E.(6) cD 6 m6

aot.>$ c1:

19

clerk

$ co d 6 e alE: ao.$ : That is sixty-five cents.


c} aof
ca

qeo:.:lrr

u.'S(d)
eo9[f
o"G6l!
C//C C C\

sa6(5) o6(d6) c8' qc6(6)

cDlo,)

: sl ep:.,5 eo c$ c} eo i S,-'1co,-,5 l

tr$roro.,

c?9
(

aoq:f:oEeorSo$:
t

II)

Daisy

want five air- mail stamps ancl ten

starnpercl envelopes, please.

4E .F("5) F.E(6) dc,:::eo:(o5) odS:(S66) cE($ 5) orE;($) odE:(665) dEtsecu:(56)


ocD(oJ

o/c\

630

: "-,1ig$1{. I
e

orgSiao,-Sa$.ecue@:6:

or8.cn S5 e alE:cl:

ec,:

c-,'lrr

clerk

We have two sizes of envelopes.

.Dc'S(g) cp: d.'5(o56) esz:

(6) dSJ

or(6)
s8Cdo5
s6{p8oto:,_r5rr

ofG$
clerk

q1$ eo:5o3.cl: o:

Which do you want?

e6({) s: q
oa6T
Daisy
(or s8o5)

og(o5)

3r,-S{c,54 ooo)rr
please.

I want the smaller size.

{E .("5) o3 oeo:cor3
G30
e

{c,5(S)

oi(E)

e"ntr:e"Q1C.

- o:s3i$,25

gac<.Sec,;c,llrr

a;$:orc,-,

:
coSe

$oc {ca$ sa<5o36om::e$r

3?g

(rr)
Ms. Dia

I want a foreign air mail


o/c\ ocDc:(co/ oo)(oJ
c /c c\

stamp, please.
eo:(c,S)

4E .$("E)esa ecorQ$:($) dor:


eoSco),
em.1:e:$1oS.-{ 6e

$r:

or6.eooe@rE:

o S6ealE:s:6 a ec-,:,rllrr
clerk

Fol what country?


eo5 95(o5) cn$:coQ; rr,15$664 (or) Q.gcolrr
For France.

o"$
Ms. Dia
oc

6dr ('q$"(6)
cEsc(Df
tgcs)o6cceDOtil

r-c

coc. o /l

clert
o?c$
Ms.

That is twenty-five cents. cD.'5(o5) sa6(6) qE:o3: Q",S(S) Go(gi 6)


sla6aoc.,.Sc'Laof
:

...irr

Dia

How much is air mail to Japan?


ecnc8: oo5(5J) cr6(6)

d(o::) ee:(i) o:
sr,-S

.1,$($)

oo3c())" OL

o,1o

COC.
$
H

b6

ci ecu e@rE: -

(-Q.)i.

ecu:d

c.,'loo)rr

er$:r:c.,

.?G clerk It's thirty cents.

oqrfiatoo:Ecr$:

,"6(056) o:o3: eo($os 6)

o"6T

c11O$$6 e

of

c7: ao<.S<-,lrr

(ry)
Ms. Ada
Please, insure this pactage for twenty dollar:s.

.rc8(6) saEolp(ot) .n /c\ c e


coe vas'l o

u6(6)

oc'5c8o5{

eoT

%c:or: caro)"(oj ecnl:e:$1o3.- o gi oq6


smoScD6o'lrr

esiTcu:s

6 ao,-:S

clerk

What's in it?

e6(i6) *E($) c)6(os)


m6T
Ms. Ada c:E! saco6cdcn

o:,:gp!:

eo:olrr

dress.
se1cr5(6)

em
oE69)3r

saoo5sacop!e q,jlrr,

clerk

The postage and the insurence are sixtyfive cents.

o3

8.6eo:(,5J) s"E($5) ar3 mEolpol'\ (6)

c/ cc\ e o c/ sa: ob(cob) cE:Ych(E) 6oE($i 6)


oo&BasEs.Do 5e@ szgc6
o$:ore,.,

eS.B-,$

ct

"o|.1,'

coSs $scco{m$

sa<5 oB

ocnr:oSr

c?q

(v)
George Where were you born? o((})r:,) o(D oR %f:(tJ
\/ \ \ C C /C\

..J?(,i)
Jack

cc:J)())c? c8:o)"cDil

cc\

I was born in

c /c\ c/c\ c /c\ 6cD"c:(tJ s2cGJ (.0qf.(oJ


oJcn

{b

c n/c\ o.l(b)

q$'($)

a small town in France. c /c\ c/c\ /

-t(h)
(o

c esa oeo(ob)

(ca

I co)rJ l9c cJo& c c cD[g[


ec:c.r'ls:,-Sl

c\r-c

coc"

c c c orcD 6co:cDo a

"r
George
/ c\

Where were the Jack children born? d(,.r:r:) dcS cr3


otr,rS e a.1:cSsqEr($)
O

%$t($)
ll

6oJ?(oJJ

oJcD LcD ecD: cJ?: cD oD

C\'

o)

oa

Ge: s)2

\ co

Jack

Colin and Donald were born in Newyork. emEcuE:

-E($5) -6($) peo2(5)


rt\ .Y\\
e

GsT$cS dcl5 %$'($)

3tc/) {

C C CfO : 3t6cD"Nc: l. aa fcD cD f oJ:6t\)acDl3[9" csl Ctr O

e:c,tlo:,:Srr

Jacqueline was born in washington.


otro5mcuE:o1(0)

q$'($) *E($) oloE.o$

"o1,:5cncoE:"QolgEo:$$1."o-/lyreuc,'lca<-Srr
cr$:o:o..,

3?o George

. : : : :
How old ecn:E:
ar-e yoLrr

oqrp:egce,r:Ecof:
childr.en?

4,(..55) sa) 6ct)r eq:c,Sse16:($)

"q?({)
Jack

c6:e).cnecu:eq
oe cu:c,SE6ojrr

(-"5-guS)

yrarc,5

colin's fifteen (years olcl).


eo:5cuE:(6),!B(,$)o3:($) c-g:or:(6) "ecnScoE:"co gaa>o5

qd

{,("S5)

o:6

ao,-r5cJ:g6-qolgr

Donald's twelve (years old).


sT+c..5(6)

ei8,.,3:or:(6)
ga

"e riT'$ c,S"cn

arcf co6 ao,,$

"?("S5)
$<..,1$rr

s6g6

Jacqueline's ten (years olcl). cncuS:(d) orS:($) cg:,l-:::(6) q,(.6 6) "qc'Scf cuE: " .n s.a cJcrS
ogcf
ao,,$
9

$..,ll$

rr

al$:ooc,,

eoSs

saeo{m$

sa5 c.35

ocne:eSr

c?g

UNIT' 22 Glossary (o83t:S518:co8:a,1c'5)


Adam

(sars6) Eve (d-6) cent (oE($o5)


postase (E"6CoS(q)

(n) cng:P:qor: (mP:) (n) mgrP:o(e) (eo)


(n)co6e

fo:rerl

postal

(q'd(.S)

o:6g.2or6Q(or6aof ) ,o (n) or!;4. o c c oc


(ad1)

orcrrcntg qceoo

mail (eo:(c6))

(vt) o:Q.oE! (n) or8.$E:rr

envelopes (dioecu:(66)) tn) o: sSCop:


sizes ({c'S(E))

(n) sag<-Ssaor: (pron) og!oE!sasp (adj) $868e: EE{Eeo: r n) I E 6 $r:oc:r q3;p$::

which (qs({))
foreign

(.,Te1$'($)
(e.tT81$:

loreigner

qr:)

insure (mE9po1)

(vt) szro5cu6-d

(makesure, make safe, Protect) insurence (oE g1pol\E(6)) tn) saooS$E:r rarc5eg
(an insuring of property, person or life)

o$tct:o.,

dJNrT " 23(A)


o3 $

Conversation(I)

ocee:qSd$)

(ocrle$a{$6r)
clerk

May I help you?

ell
oeep6:oreq:
customer

{E

d(cSS)

,rR

e\ c,7lqg qea)il

Yes,.please.
sweaters.

want to Eee sotne

.ld(6) ,ros(6) {S ?6("5) e,8,


eo6{S)

,r5oc,:(6) , .,:
:

eqio,$q
clerk

u?o5d,r ..ngg$1qi. (qt$eor5) q"S


ee -.l cDa g)cDJj":lgolil

What size do you

wear?

'

saeepE:oce q:

96(d) {",6(6) s: cu d(or:) c c c.l oclcag<i ocbcjloolrr

ec"rEa

saeo{m$ of,

o3

omlepr

393

cLlstomer
eotr:o..rSo

: I weal size thirty-five.


saE

d(o::) {";(6) cmo3: 8c5(6)

: (,g$eof)d,r5c;:eoc,Scl: oo5cr'lo:,-Sl : This sweater is size thilty-Iive. .r>(6)


8c6(E)

clerk

d-

s"6(6) 4.6(e) orc8:er ao,Scl:c,lrr

rreepE:eopod' o*<So-r$o5

customer
coJ:o())3J
c

: How much is it? eocS:

.d({) s"6(6) s,6(i)

: s''l crc-,5eco:crSc-,1lolrr
: It's seventy dollars.
3"6(056) adrE:d:(6) esTcur(6)

clerk

e e'pE : e

o,1:

a; g!

: sl

dl cur

a s 6 ao,,:5,-,1.l

rr

customer

: That is too expensive c:c6(o5)

,6(6) o:: s8,r56dSo5(S)

GOJsooJc.)

: slsacu$ eol:@:o:,$rr
How much is the red sweater?

ec'r:E: oos(ai) 3"6(6) ar36ld(Sl


3,-So:'"
EcSo:c m $ eepE co crcS ecu:oS olci
ar$:o:c.,
rr

39J
cle

aoepfl:e8eo:tac$:
:

rk

it's sixty-five dollars.


sr6(056)
o

6c'56o8:- 8c'S(E)

sTcu"(6)

cc y)c9?c:coJ:.oPg: sle$ccf ao,.,5cl: e dl coc<.-,1rr

customer
GoJ:o())f,)
c

May I try it on?

U$($) : aorSereorSoS: oo5@E!rl oeo


certainly lsurely,1.

.e

sBE coEE: s>6(o5)

rr

cierk

or:i
meepE:e o1:op!:

$:($)c3: (opo'l:o3:) oo5@glclrr

customer

"?dQ'

I like this sweater very much.


c/ c\ eo)(aJj

46 {"5(5) D6(6)

E<-,Sorr JQ

GoJ:o())3)

: (q1$eo:S)og! aoc$or.B c36ffi1.5


o:<-Srr

I'll take it.

{E(c) dd(s) 3.}6(i)


l\cat60l?,) 3to())o(Dil
/ C c\ n\ .

! c
F

o$lo:o.,

eo8 s $ so eo{cn
(

o<5 o3 6 o cnr:

epr

c9Q

II)
: May I help yoLr?
GO
OC s)c \/ ca\ ())(cDO) (D

clerk

szeqrE:eo1:c:p! : (q$eor5) ormEpeloo)l

customer

: Yes, please. I want to see sonre men's


white shir-ts.

q.5(6) oC8(6), 4S

. (o5) c? 8:

so6:(6) oE:($6) Sddqs(os6)

eo;:o<.,5o
clerk

:...no5c)r a"1:g:Q1oi.-e,,lrr{r:oCo6

mfi

m@1qr:$c,11

: What size?

?6(d) 4"5(6) meqrE:eo;:o3!: oc$s>g,rs ({cr5 6) oero5ojrr

customber

: Size 15-33.

4.5(E) ,6(5)d:($) oroS:

crQ:

eotr:o.-So clerk

: o:6ao<-Sde

o:ao._r)o:o1lrr

: This is a very good shirt.


cJJ6(6) s"6(5)
e

sa EQ

8d(S) eS(C,

meqrE:eo1:og): s1 mcu$e"o:8,

t$d o6sa.B1r1r,

r99

oq:f
:

:etec"rr8cc$:

customer
c GoJ:oo3J

How

rnr-rch c

is it'l
c/c\ c/ c\

G(Dfc: oo)taJ) clo(o/ 3?o(cDJ acca\ 3 I J)OJGCDf CDcll O lSJCDrr It's five dollars.
3)o(cDo) ?mloJ G3l cD)(oJ aa.rac i
3

c/c\

clerk
cc 32c61?c:GoJ::DP

c/ cc\ o c/c\

.n

/c\

c l:c3 I CDICDJOIO)OJll

customer
GoJ:o(DcJ
c

'.

I'll take two.


v)c{C\)) ofo)lal ol: L\,/\/tL
oc/ c\ o c/c\

c c\ c c / c : {\ CDISGO)? ,/ SOCO3)CDOq)II I ) ol | L- rL

(III)

clerk
cc

May I help you'?


OC \/ CC\ 6e s)c ('(Cl)Q, ())

3-rGePc:Gol:f,)8: (%$6o)E) ormEQqooirr

customer
c GoJ:ooJf,)

No. tlrank you.


e:r crc(a]
o
c/

c\

()J
aE

ocSeor.jl o:
oc/c\

op: r em1:c o:

olor

cS

rr

I'm jr,rst looking.

TC(oJ oJo)(oo)' cDOCDc:(o'


GOJ:ooJcJ
c

c/c

c\

c /c\

("a$"-5)

@3!orr,-,1rr

o$:o:o.',,

e,a8s $

saeo{cn$ s>f, oS 6 omrteS:

c99

(IV)
patient
c / c\ GO:6tc:(O)J

When can Dr.william see me?

c?ll
Nurse

?c:$J cDc:(+) G3rcDo)foc'JcDl o: o: /'t C e 6 C O C OC OC G3 rcDol)ocD(})lq 3)())s)alf G%.ic


c,lc:o)rr He can see you at4 o'clocktomorrow.
O \C /C\ O C/ C\ cD cDc:wJ o: c? S).D(CDJ

C /C\

\c /C\

n c

O e

c o

sr(6)

GOrs>

cDGcDf(a) cDGOf6t:

/c\

qf"gt
patient c / c\ 6o:elc:lo))

c,'qo5

$$ ecu:qrfl

er (esl"5 -r)d

eq.tEc-,llorcSrr

I can't cotne at 4 o'clock.


c /c\ c/ c\ / c o sac cDl.(cD) cD:(oJ s2cD(c.)J ecofs>
(

oc

c\

^^ J\d/ -r/blw -^/!\

CPT]

(q1S

eor5) ecu:qrQ,z3 ocurS3 o3.Jlr


O O A Cl C\ O C/c\ (, o: d: S?m(\o)J ?-(-J

Can he see me at five?


\C /C\ crc:(fJ

/t

l:irq. olcc,f

.s c ocDf:rl

oc

o$:":o,,

.tG
Nurse

aoqrf,e8eor8co$,
He can see yoLl at five the daY after

tomorrow. +?lol
/c\
c-rr
6 \C /C\ cne:(qJ o: oJ srcD(O)J om(o) 3)-)
O

Cl C\ O C/C\

63: v)OcDl

CDGO?O:

Trr0t
patleut

c' ' o : sJJf cDsl cl:flqo: ,esl,r5o:r.Beot L oo


RSrlo:,-S,'

. AII right, thank


c\

your. c/c\

.":o3:(i)
o?l)

c/ c\ o c/ : caz"(cu, sm(O),l )9taJ q c 'ro : ccDfcsoll9il GCDJ:e:(:rEc.,1.lot,-S"

UNIT - 23 Glossary
May

(eaEgt,-'Sg8to:E:a1c'5)

(ee) i3)

(aLrxiliiu'y.verb) []EBEoglrr

eEr-,
help (c;c6

(r,t.r,i)

.?-d

(n) szcnmE!

helper (0;c6 o)cr'l)tnt

"Ao? (\/t.\'i) oo5"o6c:d (nt wear (d<-Scur:)

ooSaoEpE:r

szc;:Q1$E",

weary

(dfi)

(r,i) e oro8,f arg!rr (aclv) e o5,r$:cu1.6

u'ealily (d-q,.St) (atlv) e oro$:cu1.6


r:$:o:c,

eo5 s $ saeo{m$ ca6 o3,3

om::e$:
(n)
-

39q

weariness

(dqfc;
cA 6

6)
Eo

ecrc.,$:pS:

expen s ive ( r3

E) { advt ra m $ sa cntr c1:: e or (n) szq$saq"p:QE:rr ar.:$p8:rr

expense (do56dE Just (o1o56o5)

E)

(adv) qrr ogr c::co;6r cc


ACDGC\):Of COC
LO

(adj) cDCp:GOrr e@t8 oo5..r,


JLlstly

(oJolootcu:J

cc c o \

(aov) De)c)eo)
9)O)g)cDJil
o

cDJcDJr

Justness
,

/ cc c c c\ , (olo)oo)tm-3j (n)
c/ c\\

o)-6lP:9jol3c:rl

r-c

look

r /

{.oBOr(o"jJ
(cBCE(.,S)c

.. c c (vt,vl ) r.-[g8cJe

fr) EdEE:r
look-out

szagEsa$Err
E

an.6-i)

(n )

od g

eorE @ pipS:

,r$:r"o,,

uNrT - 24(L)
Conversation(I) q $ ocec* (ocm:e$:S$3:)
A
erE:($)

When dici you come to this country?

("*)
B

iE,($) s6(5) o? eo6:(6) q -B mg:coQ, : opi83e.,3 (oE:) ooSo:$:m eepcfo:rojl

: I came about thee years


sBE

a-eo.

m6:(6) saeo:o5(6) arQ: c8:,,;r:(6) s>i:


,

('3)
A

, o3$i4 i:s6acu:o5cn co:)orr<, : What country did you come from?


: : From France. *o5 *erS /5) oL Li.\ : p6a:636cmc-,lrr
,/

("-)
B

?5("E) or$:cofl: s6(5) o? m6:(6) o96 (oE:)::c-rSS6e.n or:)o:rolrr

(d)

er$:orc,,

eoSs

oeo{m$ of, c.3 6 om::e$r

r9g

(II)
C

What is your native language?


95(oS) s"6(6)

eor

eq.c.,6(E)

/o\ lol

")($) 86(q)

er8:

\.ecu v)?3J?ocDr:cn

:o:>oitt

Franch.

.q({)
(8) C

: QEo6c,"1rr : Do you speak any other languages?

(ol
D

/6\

s: cr: o8(5) s):$: sar:or: o)($) 86({6) nQr:oro"ocDr:G9 eQroo5ocor:rr


and a

: I can speak Japanese

little German.
saE($6) esa

4S dS($) o8(5) oJo5(6)$(6)

or6c;(i) q,d($)
(8)

o1c,$oco:: e$:o:i"'lo:,rSrr,tpn$omr:,t3
c,-S eQc E o:,-S sz g $ "l E!:
rr

(uI)
E,

Does your wife, Moliy sPeak English?


s

c'S(S)

e.4

Qc6(S)eoEcS

oo"(5)dE:"-6(q)
omr:eproro5.,1

("3,)

oE:\.e$:(ecEc8)
cJcv-?:ll

sz6i6

rr$roro,,

390

oqrp,oSeo:Ecc$:
She speaks a little English. but she doesn't

F:

understand it r,ery well.


fl 08(56) e sz cuEd(6) dE:ocu6(E) ocS(o5)
& sCeE: (o3) d$sloorE:(E) s,

s,6(o5) Jqd
oSc-,1

(cS)
oS
rr

.l5(5) :

(c:o)
sle,,

sz Eo36o
o

"zr:

m g g!:c oS epcor
3:

or

"S

e.n:E: ecn:

eo4 o,g

3:.o1 6 c-,1 o:

rr

(IV)
G

: Are Mr.and

Mrs. Nancy citizens of the

united states? sarogcDr 3rE($E) c, gc'5q $ 8'6o3'eE:($ 6) /c\ o c cca"(oJ De c?fc,) ,rro5 oeor(o56) c: _ oecDS$ocD Gs:6olc6r yaeo6tcDdlec)e o cT- c c : o c rrco o o I 1| -TLll_:---- corco oc"
L

(.i)

6CCCJ):CD?:il L

:
_QC/c\ 32o[\ al ] J/

I.{o,they aren't.
6:r GcJJ: 32i.(oJ
O \C / C\

c i __ o o c r- c c oc. ocDcDOrcr):l cJO) s?GO6cD6 lqa-lecorco5di ---t--T L rL _"


'r Ut_
LL

o:r:

ocnoS.ilr::r, LIL

t:$:o:n.,

eo5s

saeo{m$

s': 5 o36

omr:eSr

393

They arrivecl in the united states only about


a year ago.

""r,

oE.5(85) ,"S3($) c>3 '-'i$'5 o"; oeor(o56) E$,d s>ea'"f (d) Gsa
.-S:(...,:o:) srStrr

o C ."2 e" {"g$ G

$E

acorS q'f,

qrtf o:'

)Q-6 S 6 ecur"Emt-'llrr
Ga)r: Q:sz8:(6)

Are theY going to become citizens?

s).
/c c\

c3m6: (6) o6d:"E:

(oll

/ o\

[to] : q{.$E 6 or:@6coroo::'rr : Yes, theY are.


qd(6) Gc)J: s)? : .,:dcAr od.3E6a:r:
@6coo@,,'-Srr

"36({)

t:$:".o,.,

aoq:fl:aEe<"tr8o$:

They are studying English, and they are


studying the history and govemment of the

united states.

gar oo58<rE:(5) d6:oo6 (6) *E($5) ea::: s>: oorSSct:E: (,5)


G3f,f,:

,::6(6)coqs"E($5) o'J:ordE (o5) ca""(6) <'rS,:5orcf oeor (o56)

"tr

e>3

.?4. sa8i5 o:cB eorco:c:6,r@o:<-r5


E,n-a saeotim$pplecoo8
or sa&
s1s E

rr

erSE:

e@:E:cB ccocDrcl @oroSn

(v)
A

Shall we go to the park this afternoon?

9d(C) 8 i'.? .r3..il(S) cr6 m,ro:rg$,($)

("o)
B / o\

: oEipgeg (q1$eo:Eo3.) "$'bd : Yes, let's


.ld(6)
c.>c'5(o56)

or:@oo;r:rr

IJ)] A

: esa:or:@oc-tSrr : Shall we take a picnic


i,,S(C)

lunch?

I iC(6) esa c-,6(5,q6 S) -$"({)


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ec-,65gor:

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c9?

No, let's not. I don't like to eat outdoors'


3:r cu,S(o56)eqr(o5)r

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(q$eod) sr$6m e.';5!o":o:r

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(r)
C

Shall we eat dinner at a restaurant thls


evening?

,id(C)
(o)
/o\

I d(d) s8:qr: src'5(c'S) esaqd(6)


E:(6)

ecm\i(d) ar6 d:dE:$


or:@ccor:,r

: (cg$eo:E{") -de"teoP}or:fim ector

D
/6\

Yes, Let's.

6lc'(oJ cDCD(O)O,

c/c\

c/ cc\

(sj
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: Where shall
\/

rve go?
O

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399

oqrf:e8eor8o$:
Do you like the restaurant in the hotel?
O C/C\ s: (]) cDcD(aJ 6 O \/ C\ 3JJ (})o)(c)) d f,)

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/ C\ O C C\ C toc:, C))o)oJof GoJloof:o)f &o3)cDc)cDl:il Yes, I do. It's very nice. What time shall
C

we go?
qcD(oJ
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C/ CC\ \e

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(8)

es>:r s6r:c,5.r.lor.-Srr eotr5<)or:c.:, oq$ o\ c n c / c c oc GcD)c:olo)(D il (cal ccD"cD.) J)oJ 32aJ I


f,)":19ocDil

Let's go about five-thirty.


c/ c\ o c/c\ o o: s)GJflcD(cr)) c0cD(o,) 3JrcD8 c o\ a e . / c c c (\cal Go)rcD.,,) c l:f 1q3J:eooJ GCD?cD(Jt

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UNIT - 24 Glossarv I'oE,r:,rSo6:cuE:arcf) /\oJllll


country (","$:(6)co+) tnl

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o

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native

(eg:o:6(6)

(adj) eg:sp oc c (
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Language (-($)SE QE) tn) 3))3rrocDr:l

ogg

Citizen (o6o3eE:($)) (n) 3E6en:r $i.or:u sovernment (ol:or:bE(i)) (n) -Q'q (8an6alp6$E:)
governor

(o1o::qr:)

(n) oe1Esrr \(oS)) (n) n (n) sac,$:e$q$r$,b


- <)

governor-general (olor: 9::

qE a q16,'

part

(ql(c6))

(vt) o:rpcp:sa8srop
mo3o5co::erglrr

parking (,i"nE:(5) parkway ({l(.'5)Go:)

(n)

e16q$eg-sPrr

(n) o:Et-,Ec-,$:o$op'@ EL"?6 ce c olcD:coa:6f,)f cDO:il


(n) eclElo:: (vi) ec15|o::oE!rr
\
(

picnic

(,r6(5h6(5)
/ c/c\ c

plcnrcKer (oo(ai I oer"J

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c\

lunch

(-$.{)

(n) cf"cDe-Gf.ac:or:r
(vr ) Gf.cDgo"or:oe

luncheon restaurant

cc

(#(S) eor\6(o5))

(n) oo:eo:<>SdE

'
hotel

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<-ScooSrr

(,{od(C))

(n) eclE}oo:rr
qr:@8.rr

Let us = Let's

(cod(i6)

.c$:"ro.,

uNrT - 2s(A)
Conversation(I) q$ o:ee oE:($)

(omc:epd$E:u)
Mrs. George
:

What's the news?

96(056)

ef

eq?: (6)

cgc'Seop(.i)
Mr. George

oros:E:oirr
The paper says that Johnson is in the

hospital.

o3 e.ro'l eao(6)croE (i)


srb(b)
c/c\

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-b(+)

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Mrs. George
oocEe orr(,fr) O {.\ {./

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eoE e ao: oo:.r5 qor,rScS. c>orE:

oro:

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:

oh.['m sorry to hear it.


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Mr. George'

39q

Laura is in the hospital'too.


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She has a new baby boy.

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That's nice. c/ cc\ o c/c\ 3DcD(o)oJ ecDto,/ a35ecn:E:orreolrr

oo,^,5eonl,5r) {.\ u/ o

(D
Mrs. George

ls there anything in the paper about


Mr. kennedy's funeral? s"6(6)

ai(o::)

dE:$:oE(E)

-3'($)
meq 8(E)

c.:3 e..-,c,l

srem,t5(i)

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:

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c9", Mr.George

oq:preEeor6o$:

Yes, there is. It's going to be at the community. church at two o'clock to_ morrow.

.1.;(6) oj(cu::) sr6(6) srd(oS6)


8:mE:(6)

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or:
sSorecu:(S)

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The paper says that Roberl and Ted


are from california for the funeral.

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399

(ilr)
A

Is there any interesting news-in the


paper this evening'?

32o(oJ 3J(OI:J 321:


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rr

Yes, there is Dr'. Adam is engaged.


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A

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Is he? To whom is he en-qagecl?
c/c\ e /c\ c/c\ o 32o(o] cDt q). ('":((]J gao(ol o)

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To a philadelphia girl, Ellen.


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When are they going to be married?


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o\ c / c cr\ ("c?.,1 c- tr-lGO)l cucncoO@orcorr

The paper says the wedding rvill be


next month. c:3
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The department store has a big advertisement in the news-paper to-day.

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(6) +($d) 3"5:($)

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o$:orc..,

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'They are going to sgll wome-nrs.coats

and dtesses at half

Price'
"?

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c /cc\ od:tSo) L \ / / \l 0.6(6) sr.'S(i) ,,o?("56) "Ed(6)

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-

I think I'll go thete-,tomorrow


c/c\ oc ag/,q\ o 3>i cJq(aJ 3te (cl)J o:
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()OJCOCO)OJII

I want to buY a coat and dresses.


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UNIT.25
Glossa

:oec,rr6o$:

ry

(sa3 <rccS

o3:oE: a;c6)

new

(9.1p)

news (q;p-E)

(adj) szo6$5eor (fresh) (n) erq:E:r e>orE:o.nl


(recent intelligence)

operation (asmc-,e EsS:($)) {n) Gt"?St )goSmer$3:

funeral

(Bfi,+i(S))

(working ) (n) szc?o:r oJrol


er5j1E: (grave yar.d)

cemetery

(adocfcofl (n)

c:o:$

communitv (q$E11$g) (n) c3:$r:$1.mEr

EL.GqE.+d6q (qq)
chulch ("p({))
ensase (dE"q(<i)) (promise to marry) marry (AQ:) (give in marriage) wedding (o 05 e &(5)) (n) d5:@:: o,5o::r oco8co6o,5 o:: wed (vr) s36e.orEQoglri6p:op!
(vt,vi )
(n

) . 3,|-r$ or qr: q68:empE:


eooS

(vt,vi)

e@:E:cu6:oE!

i&p:a,.,5, o:oSco6op!

(oc'5()))

advertisement (szo5(5)oo3.6 (S)d$($C) e@S$opE: advertiser (sr.,5(5) mC.,8o) e@E$ra>

rnr

dresses (sqo5oc,5(6))

fnl E;," szoCszcoplo,p: ( vft oc,5eoE arcs L


elfsorco

eoSs $ sae,aQcn$ saf, o38

ome:eS:

rG?

uNrT - 26(A)
Conversation q $ o:ee" oE:($)

(om::e$:d$8:)
Student

What are the most important holidays in the united states?

?6(i).rn o3 p.(6d) S"s(s) "{de


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Teacher

.f .Ed e1c6 o,p:cn 8 me q:@: o o)rr They are rhe fourrh ol- July.
Thanks-giving day, and chrisrmas. 6f,)r: s)" ar3 eo(aS) esar(,5) cc8Er

rJ5(5

6) o6J6(,5) e s:

3,6($5)

aqgoo5(6)

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t{E-

ecu:.1,f (cgo5cu6

c8.d'G6olcDo5rl

"..t)"f.

passover is a very important holiciay for Jewish people.

cl'l(6)s3o" sa6(6)esa dqs"d(5)

.".1"4(")) e,-,:r c.3:es: G.5(q) qir"6(,) 8:d(cs)


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Student

When is passover?

eE'($) s)6(5) dl(6) sSor


ecnp6:c:r:

q-. 8"om:d. o3 truS gz.j $ g"


p1o6(cngE:) cjla;oirr

Teacher

It's in the spring. 3,6(056)

-E($)

af

ooqE:(S)

309?

66gscolcDepcJkif olil

OaCan

co$:oco,.,

eoEe $ saeo{cn$ sa.5 o36ocnrteSr

"Gg

Christian people celebrate Easter


at about the same time.
o/c C\ C O\/ C\ \ O C OC

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(r)
Teacher

: What is the most important

holiday in Japan?
p"(Ed) ?s("E) 3'6(6) cJ3

-e(6)

G,r.ldE(o5) eoDo3:es:sr8 ($) "Jr$


eosP

: q"$oeq.og.f$&,
: It's New year's day.

o.-Seg<5lclr

Student from Japan

s>6(i6)
oJOf (JccDJf
CC

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,-3.,,:r:(6) es:

c:3Jl:

: (o1c-,$)o: s6er6m:eg.,,,1,'

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oq:f:aEeor8o$:

Stuclcnt h-om France: Neu' yeiu''s'is a rrery imltortant

holiday in France too.


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a

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(III)
Studen(A)

Why clo people in rhe united


states celebrate the fourth of

july'l
85: s: 8d(C) -S($) q$d or.E(6) oeor(o56) ddo" qc8

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Student(B

Bec:iuse
Duy.

it is Independence

c / ,?j-.:)r:(f))o\

c3em{6) -6(05) s,6(6) mE:8: \ C . C/c\ oc:3c (oj G33 (su eo g":$ I 6,3)\. c;1.-.5cu3ees:

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sa o

o35

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(N1
Stuclent

What i.s'the date of wasilington's


bilthday?

'

'

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Teacher

It is f'ebrurary twent5r second.


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ocDCDc: [3)
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(v)
Str-rdent

What is the date of Tha,nks-giving


Day'?

go(O)] 3)o(o] f)
c/c c\ c c/c\

c/ c\

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o:$io:o,,

cGo

oqrf:of eortr:$:
It has a different date every year' but

Teacher

it is always on the fourth


in November.

ThursdaY

s"6(i)

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UNIT - 26 GlossarY

gr,-S gl8 t co Et a; cr5)

holidays (a,t:rc.3:.s(6)) (n) sz::o:6erE!eg.

(.rlo co:tslou[6o3) \ rL
J

most (Q.(6c'5)

(adj) szop:ao:@6ec:r (n)


s-acp:ao:

(aclv) s-acpt"rr,@
passover

("1(6){"r)

(n) ollporerr
(n ) o:g:q?tr)

ee1:deorE

spring (oo81E:(cS))

oo

.r$tt

o.,

ec5 s $ o eo{cn$

o f, cr3 I ocnr:oSr

"Gg

clr, stian (a816c,5ro$) (n) "qE-'$t"'a"oE (adj) a q6or$ o"rol sq E dE ec:'


tn1 E:' a' E! celebrale (d cS 3r qi) (vt) ) cu6: m a 6: szqr:
rr

easter

(s8(6).orr)
(sz
S

(n) #oorleo-'8

important
France rranc

(S) GOI

(d)

adj

sz. e

e1'

@:'

or

pso6$s6 (gEr,6pd) (,061$"($)) (n) coq$.eg (gS.;EGQ''t)

(.q$.(6))

(n)

independence (srE 8:oE:iE(E)) (n) cSo5cuSeq' independent (s>E 8:oE:d(C) (adj)

qo5o:6'ar
eer)

different

(3 S,'

(aaj) pr: p: e ero (QQr: i.($ c'5))

(not alike, seParate)


or difference ("Stl\.($6)) {n) iUeing different' amount manner of being different)

dpr:$3:r Qr:9r:$E:r

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UNIT - 27
Spelling (occu:e"16:)

ENGLISH AMERICAN
" (S2ocDOcJ:acD:;)
advertise (vt,vi)

oc

\
,

(me oQcn$o:ocnr:)

advertize

(s"c'5(E)o"4.6(6)
aetioiogy (n)
(src6o3{c.?SJ) anaesthetic (n)

(e[gl$:c:g)
etiology
(6 6pol$ 6
E
E:

erl c.r

6$ 6)

anesthetic
(ec,te eo:)

(df

c'5(6)oc'5o:6)

analyse (vt)

analyze

(3'$frcsd(6)
apprise (vr)

(d65:8c8,",d)
apprize

(rd,-,ficrS(6))

iE@r:ogl(sae @rE: @r:oEi)


AX

axe (n)

(Q(.6,5)
candour (n)

/ o c\ t?30t,i candor e@rEe$gE:


er$:o:c.,

(c;E($)6s])

eo5s

caeo{cn$ saf, o3 I ocn:,e$r (39cuc:[3c:)


/ c c T-c \

cancelled (vt)
cDc 3o[cD3J
C \/ CC\

canceiedoJcDcJO:r

c oc

c c c o())olcDcJe

carburetted (vt)
t c c/c\\

carbureted.
GOtcDcDGoqqe,)oteo$g
rlCrCCeC

[cD"cDqcDO)m(3J,)

GcDcqPoocJe

cc

centre (n)

center (szc'J())o(,J check ccc


/ c o\ i

(oEo:r)
cheque (n) c/ c\
aJc')[cDJ

sJCDCDCDo)

chiselled (vt)
(aJoeo(CDJJ
/ C \/ C\\

chiseled

/o c o c r- c lo I G30f cDol 6c locr) \Lo Lol


"
L_,

OP,J

c\

colour (n)
CD'CDf

color
3?Gqfc
c

connection (n)

connexion
aocSa3.-SQE:

%?f

c ())61c:$,) c c/c\

defence (n)

defense

socloJ deflection (n)


o$:o:c,,

o c/c\

mrq,-S$E:
deflexion

cqJ
3(!cDcD6tC:

: .

oqrftoSeo:Ecr$:

ecc

-. cDo:())o:t9c:

oc b.

draught (n)
selo((0j
c/c\

"draft
c c ?[9o:,)

GccocDc'JcDOO (oLg(J3

c / r...-c

enrol (vt,vi)
c2c[lJ6):(cDJ
c/c\o / c\

enroll ccc of 6LC:Oc:cJe enrolment


of qc:cJc:l3c: equaled
ec C?POE
c c Trc

enrolment (n)

32E($)fi:(c)'(c)
equalled (vt)

ls)% (os,l.l
Favour (n)
bUov J.

/ e \

/ CC\\

.t'avor
e

I'

oo:q:E$E' ("t83')

Fount (n)
c(0"(O))
/ c\

Font
oo:6slo)c3

Fulfilment (n)

Fulfillment
cr- r- c yacDeggltgc:

,o:(cS)e.:(i).(C)
re

/ c .-q"\ (csorcacDtgc:J gray r-c/eoc\ s2lgrcsPc (:ascqfcJ


hemomhage
er$:oro,,

grey (n)
OGT

haemorrhage (n)

eo5 s $ se eo{cn$

sa

<i

cB 6

omrt eS:

3q?
o':oil t

(d6:e,$616(,{)
honour (n) emEgr hurnour (n)
(c':11po::)

.o:oSe o ol
honor

o,-r5c3qr humor ,-,r"o:(8Cc:e ::rcor:)

inflection (n)
(saE cocuoEoE'($))

inflexion s,og6QE:, GEE'


c(:Go19c:Ll

r-c

instalment (n)

instalment
s>q6cnleg (saqEcnl
e

szE($)oeo:r(.6)"(i)
instil (vt)
saEoe o::(c,S)

c.,:"oSpE:)

instill
--ccc cE:G[g:ocGGPc,?Del

szo.r5a1::$'r

Jail (n)
eo,p(cS)

calaboose

mrcuo:(6)
carb

=ecorE

kerb (n)

-?(s)
N

cu6:e o:e cnp,t5r

c.,or,f e .rE:rr

kidnapped (vt)
o$:ooo,,

kidnaped

lt

3cl9
c/c\ c/c c\ mo(sjto)(o3)

oqrf:oEeorcr$:
p$e c-,:adc:Ei

Iibelled (vt)
coo3.)(\cD3J

libeled
szc:e qto;,:Sa;Ei

C \/ cc\

nlanoeuver (n)
oc:sJl[:ur:
c

maneuver

rrrcE$Ee mrEplor6

6E'
metre (n)
OO)f

(eo96otr1ol:)
'

meter
6CDa
o

mould (vt)

mold

?.(o3/
moult (vt)
o/ c c\

o / cc\

Soro3aoog!
molt
ya6o:saGO)rEojc:gi neighbor oce r-c y)of:L3c: odor sa$"szoo5
offense

?.(No)J

neighbour (n)

cf:o":
odour (n)
s8:sl:

offence (n)
ca2"(0c(oJ
c/c\

"rlp"3$?
omelet

(geoo5g)

omelette (n) Gsa"oo)cD(olj


o$:orc,,
co c/ c\

Ede"ES

coSs

caeoQm$ saf,o36

omleSr

cqg

paralyse (vt) ol9?cDm(ol


a o c/c\

paralyze oc ea c c/)Q)gao i63)60cJe

phoenix (n)
olo(cDoJ
o c/ cc\

phenix
"c ofl:

piough (vt,vi)
c-recorS:

plow cD(D%lcJg
practlce 32cc9g)cDlgc?o())P
pretense
CC (rlGeoacc)

practise (vt)

oqmo)o(oj
pretence (n)
o c/c\

c/C\

ccc

oqorc(o,
progran-rme (n) oqoqQ(eJ
o c/c\

program
szosaoe
pajamas
cgecc@
6cl

pyjamas (n)
ocoJO":(o)
c /c\

eoorc2cDlecGJtrc:3r)

reconnoitre (vt) e coc


61cDf

sc:orf

reconnoiter r-o cr- c c IgIO'CIgE,QDP


(cDc:6co)cD3JP)
/ c c c\

reflection (n)
6'1(9cDCD6tc:(tJ

reflection
e

c c /c\

eEp$o6QE:

rumour (n)
o$;oro.,,

rumor

.qG
6t:O":

oqrf:eteo:Ecr$:
GCDf

O)('CD

saltpetre (n)
/ c c\6 Gaor(cDO.)JocDf

saltpeter c oc ())O:OO:

skilful (adj)
oe

skilful
cao:cDlccO.)r

cc

"::(cS).:(cS) sulphur (n)


ao:(cS)to: Sulphr-rretted (adj)

sulfur
cDf.r cDf.o"or
ccc

o:co$1q,f o:d(3)
Surprise (vt)
eoro6t.D(oJ
o c/c\

Sulfirretted c\ cDl.cDc3J, surprize 3.agaf:3Jcf,)P


theater

theatre (n)
/6 \

[.DGCD:orJ

c" c" OOlett ero)?

thraldom (n)
C f,))q(cuJ3t

thralldom

\/

C\

%$-" ("a$*G6)
(slavery) traveled
GC ATf,f,):OP

travelled (vt,vi)

coep:J(i6)
vigour (n)
o6.1,
o$:o:n,,

vigor
oo:g)?:r oo:y)c oo
ccc

eoEs

$oeo{m$ o6otSomr:e$r

3clq

wilful (adj)
eo(c,S) ?'(cS)

willful
ocDCDCDOlol9[qo
ococ c ac

eorr
wollens (n)
c/cc\

eal8:o:elc:orr

?Ntl'to,l
worshipped
qlsro(osJ
a c/cc\

wolens oc

CJ:GO:COP

worshiped
6to

co

a:cJ

el

GcD:ol: f,J e

c
rl

'$r"ro,,

sclo (od(oS)) speller (o,)cu::)


spell speliing

aoqcf:a8eor8cc$:

UNIT - 27 Glossary (oE<.rc<.So8:cu8:a;c6)


(vt) orco:ec-lE:erE! (n) oro::ecr''lE:c:
(n) o:o:rec_r'l8:pE:r o::c,.xe,rlE:gp!:

(odo:E:(6)

English (s)E:ocu6(<i)) (n)

nScE6oror
3

(adj) sz,5o35 o:ars


En

d6 ea:r
dlL,

glish-man (m

ocu

6(,1)A5,($) (adj )
f

sz g

c86q

American (s, d q6d6 ($))


S

"l

sa e

er

Qcn $ Q

g! ecooE o

{E

Americanism (sz d q6d E ($h 6 eS: (S)) {n ) gzEc38o:rr saeo opeorf

".r.

(n)

saeerQo:$c5781prr
sz e o glcn
$

o:

{cn$8E6d

r3$E:rr

America (saAq6-cn) (n) szeerQ o:$Qgleco:Eo

r:$:o:c,,

UNIT - 28
PRONUNCIATION.KEY
.a . c o ctt g,3rqc')of P:

Vowel (o:q a,e,i,o and u)


me (me) e

pin (pin) i
day (da) a pen (pen) e hat (hat) a cup (kup) u

moon (moon) oo book (book) oo


sofa (sofu) o

wall (wol)

clock (klok) o
coin (koin) oi
house (hous) ou

i(l)l
Consonats o$:orc,,

eoqrfreteor8 r:$:
"o,1g!:saqep"
bee (be) b

door (dor) d four (for)

gate (gat) g

hat (hat) h

child (child) ch
June (oon)

kitchen (kitchun)k

loaf (lot)

map (map) m
name (nam) n

pen (pen)

room (room) r
sor-rp

(soop)

ten (ten) t

very (veri)

wall (wol) w
shoe (shoo) sh

vision (vizhun) (zh) tiiank (thank) th


..$t"ro,-,

eo5 s $ sa eo{m$ sa6

oB 6

omr:e$:

that (that) (lh)

ring (ring) ng you (yoo)


1'

zoo ('zoo) z

UNIT -28 Glossary (sa8.'c"5o8:o3:a.1o5)


PRONUNCIATION kev oE:cll8Be,,::qE:-,r3:
/ . c O C\

13)D%mole:i (n) erqr o:qc: (a,e,i,o.and vowel (eorE:d(i)) me (8:) pron .g$6,f, .nrSSgzr: o]
pin
(c-,8:($))

u)

(n) oEraEr qcSs>6r (n) eg. ac oc (ll)colccDl


(n) p:co6

31o5

day (e s:)
pen

(;($))

hat (d(o5)) cup (cn6(E)) moon (t,($))

tnt.nS 'o
(n) orcuoE: (n) orsa6

uoot (qc'5(6))

(vt) ors?6cdqE eci:nrdoE!,


cu,f
.r$r""o...,

9d S;or3 o,-S", o g!

rr

3c,J

oqrp:e8ec,r:8o$,
(n)

sofa (d:ior:)

{Eidor
+"{ (vt,vi) 63g$o:o$r

wall (eol(cS))
clock (cD6cDr(5))
corn ({18:(g))

(n) .i6l
(n)

(n) ecrae@eo

house (c,rrcE(E))

(vt) omr:cu: o6qEoglrr (n) s95

I (43:)(pron) cgsSoglrr (cg$eo:Sr %$r) consonanr (q$4'i(o5)) (n)


bee

(i:)

"ig!,sz-9

(n)

c-p:

door (8:)

(n) oa'1: (adj) ecu:a@6eo: (n)


oEec-,1,r5
,6a (n) e:coo (n) cnecu:c<_S

four (e*E)
gate

(8o5(i))

hat (d(os))

ctrlto (:{1E:(cS5))

lune

(o.1p(g))

(") g$(n) 8:3:aapE


(n) ec,'lEo$"cu: (n) e$o 1vt)

kitchen (0?6aJ3($) toaf (c3.(6)


map (d(6))
name (e9:(6)) pen (JE,(g))

e$<ieey*-d

(n) meri (vt) szog!ec-,:og!

(n)e*:6d$
r:Sro:o,-,

eoSs

sa

ec'{m$

sa5 cr36

omr,e$r
(n) sza$:
(n) g6p1o5
(n) o:6aooS (adj) aocSa$6e arr

room (9:(6))
soup

(n(6))
/\6 \

ten (dE:($))

very (o$J

(adv) saq$r
o ut

rrq$rr"3:

watl (eol(oS))
shoe
(91p)

(n) f q cDCDc: (n) orp3q6


rn) QEp&r sz@Er saeSszp8ffi&rr

vision

('6SF'($)
\ 6\ //

thank (-(5)) . / c/ c\\ that (orm(o:J)


. /oc /c\\

(vi) em1:co-r8-d
(adJ )

o \ o --qc?c?.63r1
occ

(Pron) col qc:l Q)c: nng [qc:(oJ)


(n)

cuft8r q&

(r,t,vi).tF-

(n) to$:ocnr:eQrQE:rr vou

(q)

(pron) crEr oEo3.r cr3o.3.

,fl

zoo (p)

tn) dqg:$Eopprr

er$:o:o,-,

cog

aoq:p:a8eor8cc$t

GENERAL CONVERSATTON (1)

o"qnq:m::e$:
(r)

(c)
i

Do you speak English?


E OC o / E\ (oc:, s2ooJoo)

\,

(.*)
B

6l9"o)cD f,)cD?sil

T.

Only

little and not very well.


eQ:o:ior..Srr ecncE:ecn:E: eeQc

(]lJ
A

/ 6\

sz g c,-S E!:

olcEc-,1:::rr

Do you know many words?


(o
3

(.o)
B

:) o orr:cu: o,p: o,p: c3 cr'l o oi

cur:

rr

No, I don't. Only the important words.


o cD?:
: cr.1r:

(rr)

/ 6\

e1:: o cS.rl cr

rr

sz e
rr

e1:ff

: cot

ocnr:

c'3:

op:

ecu:,rS

c::

c3

c-,1

or <f

(il)
A

Does your brother, John speak English?

("-)

: (er8:\.$) 91$saF,c36cQ e$roroEo:cu::l


o$:orc.,

co5s $ soeoQm$ sa5 o88 om:'e$r

B
o

Well, he sPeaks a little English'


cnCQr

oo

So3Sc..?

s' I $t "

t$"pro:

oSt'll

o'

t-S'r

Do your sisters sPeak English'

("*)
B / o\ (J),)

(oE:\)
well. :,',lo5cDr
e.rtr

pQocrtrr: gzF'o36c3

e$ro:oSon:'r

Yes, they do. They speak English

it very

q4""&-itJlorc,5rr q4. 3'6'36{


co:
E:e

5 :e

Pr

o5

or oS n

(uI)
A
(ciD) B / o\ (cl,l
Can

I heiP You?

(oS:){ c?d$S "l .:cor:rr (orcnq"'J) Yes, I speak onlY French' ("?..1) (%$cors) QEe,5o3a'r

"?id

.Qro:o5

..-,lo-r,-Srr

A: (.*)
B
a
e

I'm sorry, but I don't understand French'


:

o6:q E!:c.,lor<-Srr
.'r'lot:rr

(q$ eoS) GS r']6{ 9''o- p!

: Please find someone who speaks French' : eq:o:p$. PE oEoieQroo5cdo or6t-:''5


epe cr:,jlt'

cr$:t

o,,

3C)G

aoqrf raec,,r8ce$'

(IV) A
What's the matter'.)

('-)
B

:l: sz e@r E, co, (.8 g) Ec,l ar ci


i tlorr t spclk Englirh

rr

(nj
A

/ 6\

(%$ Go"5) sz6a36c8 oeprc.ro5c,lo:rr Do yoir neecl sonre kirrd of help?

("o)
B (OJ
/ 6\

('3:) samszElc3oor
Ye s.

but I ean not e\1.rIjip it in English.


dl eo

"?dQ({"1ooS)rr oqtG-oEt,',

d (% $6015) srEcSScS

(v)
A
Do you think English is easy?

(.o)
B

:a6c33or.3
No. I don't,
/ c c\ (%f eorr;

(o3

:)cuio:.,S

co6 arcor:,,

(d)
A

o qrc:ol:r;:tr ^

Why don't yoLr think so?


er8:

("o)
B

::re@:E er e3orc,i
I

rr

Bcc;"ruse I don

urrde r.stlrrrd it.

(c)

n So3Sord (- 1$eo:i) srocuE!.S.J

::$:"rc.,

eo5

aa

eo{cn$ o

f, o3 5

omrteS:

36,q

Do you speak Japanese?

("-)
B

(,t:)
sa g

.,1o$o3 eproro-5Jercur:r'

Only a little, and not very well.


g!: c,-S e$roro5 olo:,-,5

fi3)

r' e.nr8:r-r6,

oeQr o:o5.r'1o:rr

Gerreral Clonversation (1)


G lossa

ry

(s" E.jl"S qE:

cu E:

a.1

cf )

General

(Qt\

("S)) (adj) sze coeco@Ee

or

(n) pdailS@:

Conversatio" (q$"($)-.e:oE:($)) (n) oo:r:eQrS$E:


spesK {.oo(oJJ
, / o/ c\\

(vt,vi) eprS::E!
(n) eQrdc:
(n) ocm:oxcrp:r

speaker (o8mr) words

(0l(66)
(d(cS,o:i)
- o:

e$@:o&-t

help (c)(cSS)) (vt,vi)


helpf
t

.?d-d
sz

(n) sao:szpi ordQ6:


s'a

r,rl
I

(adj ) sa.n

p$ac-,:eor
sa
EQ

helfr-r
,

iy (d(cS

c3:)) (adv)

qcutr,f

helfr-rlness

(.)(d 12:i id(6)) (n) szmszplqpS: helple:,s (d c53 .r.cf 6) ractj) szcns;do.1":-,r
solneoile
(eo 6: - 6 o 3:($

)) t p"rn I o166o: 6 e.rr,t5


o$:o:c,

coo
miitler
neecl

q:f,e8ecn8o$t

in) sae@r8:3zq"r c8g (vi) s>eq.,io3! ($:'5) (vt) o3sa6c:g! tni oisa6"r -{,?

(i-")

explain

(46 '56 "ccD:($)) (vt) oE:Qoglrr explanation (d3 oSE-oo)e9oE:($)) (vt) gE:Qa1,rir
o3:QQ3'r' understand (m$slodE:(E)) {vt)

qr'-g!opir srm$sa'3
,SQ3

op!|l
sz

urnderstemding (m

sloorE:

-s

E(6)) ( n) szcn$
-c [9c3r

oE c3$6

o c y)cJe(n)il

.r$:.ro,

GENERAL CONVERSATION (2)


stqccoocnr:eQr (1)
(r)

(.o)
B

'What time do you get up'l .--b.c c z C r oc crcr sz ffi (o b:) d)o;rco c-,'l o \ I get up abput sevell fifteen.
(% t co-rr/ at
/ c c\ C

cJ

rr

(d)
A

c O ol" e C al:o I o.s? aJl cvf 32ou)f qsoorc

OC

oC

co ,rlo:.-Su

What time is breai<fast at your house?


(oe:J ra6ot f f cDo):Dcr>s)aJlo.:o lsrcD'l Breakfast is always at a Quarter to eight. cno c o o c o oo " c t I cDo?c? Slof) qc?:?. eoo)c l:oflos.zcDc? of:
/ a \ OC o C C OC n \

(.*)
B / o\

IJ)] (II)
A

,rlc.r,-Srr

What do yor-r usually do in the afternoon?


(o

("o)

E:) eq.a

Et t'> 3; $

9r c.:ro 6eo

E<-,'i

o oi

rr

o$:oro,,

cgo
B
(3r,)
/ 6\

aoq:praEe c,,r8cc$,

We usr-rallv str:cly ol read.


/ / \ C ((elGO)rO).J ofGoccDcDroro)r (f,).) o"oo) oa a
O

C o\

GCD elOlOlCDll

What do yon generally do over the weekn / c o\ c ocf r of f ocscf.6lcroP:o, S2ciJf:321: (c:Cr).l

end?
T-C

("o)
B
(3),l
/ o\

l$9 orcuc-'ecP!1o locurt We generalll' enjoy sports and visit friends.


(ca
/ c c c c f-c I GOr)o).; rac'P: rar:ig9 GOJ-GOJ)Sdgi c c o\

O a

32f:cDo":19

cccooc cJeil cJco)3Jc:olf:stcD y)o)p

qr:@erg!rr
(rrr
)

Do your ever go to Museun-is'?

("-)
B
/ e\ (cr,)

(rE,) Dqdo3 sz$ap:c-,lc:cur:rr I go every now and then.

(q$ eo:5)
(oE:)

G4.;4

o@racn c:::cjlor,:S

rr

What kinds of things do you like to see?

(uo)

o.rSc8-"{ EdS.s6oo5olocirr

o:$:orc,,

eo5 s eaeo,{m$ $

sa 5 c,3

I omrrepr

3t?3

I enjoy' seeing stlltues

anci olci paintings.


(

(oJ

/ 6\

(cel
e o co

GOr)

c\

co-.ccccic

6 -^ ^C^ er.c())ri :o$c : aj cnr:o,1r:


e t_r,p<r d s b

c)

ol1:./) [3 g 6]0.)l

a; cb c,

sr.r,;

(rv)
A
Do you watch television ver"y often,/
(o6:)dcSo3o6 oE:($) o@: acm@p! ercur: l

(.*)
B

Well, I sometimes watch rt in the evenitr-e.


c-':o5cjlo:,rSr

(J)J

/ 6\

(q$eof)geg

Sg$9r o16

Jorq

i,-ScSo6 q6:($)

Edoloros,

Did

yoLr rvatch

television iast night?

("*)
B

E'4eYes. I

(oE:) i,:So3o6o6:(g)

c'lic1.

@glar-,,,r I saw several goocl pro-erams.

(c)

?iQ,
sz8

Edcilor.-lsrr (o3$eof) ecnr6:o$ci


rr

sao pep:@ g! <1olor,-S

(V,
A

: Do you ever listen to the R:rc1io? : (c,,E:) szpeqSo3 gr:ecorEarco::rr

o$:o:c,,

cgJ
B

oq:fre8eor6cc$:
Certarnly, In fact, I listen practically every night.

(d)
A. ("*) B:

: o$o$9::ecorErilor,S,(%$GorE)g{E:$6qE
c o c oo ol cq3ocJolc:olf:cD
olcDo)ll

3-aco3-aaptr:Gco"c

nc

What's your favorite program? (oc:J l9[c')6


"

C\a-O

C C

o ]rcDCD 32o szoecD J))cD

C \

ll

(c)

I like the eleven o' clock Theater best of all.


:

o \ O C C / C C\ lcef co)rj v)l:cD:coo? eoG)O)olf 6l Gfof o :rE.8 sz@po3 eo:..-,lrr


C

General Conversation (2)


Glossary (s
8 E: a; cf 31,S gE:cu

breakfast (crqo5(5),!r(6d)) (n) g9c6or (vi) g9o5o:

o":f,Je
l-rcc\ Luncn {.cDl.-all

(n) eq.cogjor

(vi) eg"og)or or:c:g!


dinner (sE:gr:)
Oine
r. /oc /c\\ ($b:($))

(n) goc (vt.r it

gor or:::glri

c C" C C eo? ore:ac:83 3re

,r$:rro,,

eo5 ,.

saeo,{m$ sef, oB 6 omr;eSr


/oc \

cg?

dlner (3c:ir:J Quarter

(n)

gor o::c:

(qr-.t) r-rsually ("?id,)


usual

(n) ecu:6o:66r eo,-t5i1:8g6 (adv) co:6sziE:rr al:iEdc3" (adj)

(.j?\(i))

oo$:q@6..rrr

Museums (E1e- (6)6)tn) Qd.,8ep:


statues

(odoff(6))

(r-r) q6cocr,p:

paintings (8$.o:E:(6)) (n),r$'51-.'o1r' watch (".i1({))

(vt,vi)

Ed-d
81

(n) eor8@ Ei$ E:(n) -.'5c' o5gr

watcher

(".i)(qr))

(n) eor8@glr:

televison (do3o6oE:($)) tn) tisten (cu6ad-$)

f]6GEi@r: (Tv) (vi) gr:cco:6od

Iistener (cu6ad(gr:)) (n)

grt.-rEt
a,1cp

certainly (or:c'3$:c8:) (adv) ecr atrrorr sz GO s> alr


certain ty (or:
o3 $:

d:)

(n) eo (adj)

E:r

o.r,r:

EQ6:

certain

(o;o3$:)
(..-,

eoapeor
;
cu cfi

r practicallv
pract ic al

(oqc6o3cn.:5i) {adv) s2corvaal"r oal


<i.6 oB mcS - oS)
f aO.j

tq.$

6e

r:r

Favorite (e,l:o81o5(o5)) (n)

o96.r.5n:sr.p. . . cBtU.S I

program

("$.\ (6)

(n) sz8szot, c.,6"$:op tU.S)


rr$tr.o,,

GENERAL CONVERSATION (3) sr60G"oo-rtn[" (q)


(r)

When did you eat lunch today?

("o)
B
/ 6\ (J),

[oc:J 3) P Gl. c t.cuPof .D(I) v, 3Jf of:3JCD il I ate from twelve to one .

/ c\

oc

(cal

Go-)rJaoc!
cac

C\

tr6l?
r

orofr61923J I ?"

c+"cDeo" of:olo)(D A

Where did yoLr h:rve vour lunch'? (k,c:) Gl"cDeol :))u)or o)::))C\)ll
/ c\ c c \

("*)
B, (3rJ
/ 6\

hacl it at pete's Restaurant today. / c c\ c o o c oc (-a s GCr))l 3)PGf " ooro):ca))cDeoc o,


CD(D11

f :,jl

.r$r"ro,,

eo5s$oeo{m$of,o38om:,eS:
(II) A

3gg

Did you have


/ C o\ a o

a good

time at the palty?


S)arsGofaa (T--o-t;
oc \

("o)
B (J]J
/ 6\

C c \ : {dccD )ololD D)u))GcDtc:eso) jl . \ 1",/ I cJCD?: (ec,1E@\cur:)

We had a worrclcrful time.

(rg$e or5c8.) co:ao$:szSoqre o16:e err

*q$4
ct)o)lt

Q)or.Sri (Gq5SE?qEor,rSr eo;E@


a

c\
)

A:
("o)
:

.It was

really

lot of
r q: J

fr-rn.

:l or m,-S

ecr15s3

o: 6 a J,

B:
(3rl
/ 6\

We or-rglrt to- have another party like that


soon.
(ce f
c

c o\ -_- o o c c o\o Goror.l (jLgr 6 or co G oJarc o 6poaO) goJL:


I

lf ct of o a cD o lc/l 6' o)

cr-

c
rl

(u)

A:
("-)
t
:

Did you work at home iast night?


/ \ c \ (oc:J ocs"PcD 3>aa) J))cDOf,)C'Jir c oc

B:
(j)
:

Yes.

washed the dishes and cleaned the

house.

?oo?r

C \

(ca f Gc.)"

C\

C C C ('c:ofl:cr+CoJf:G3o:o)oJrl

-Sr"...,
I

.gG
s3

aoqrf:o8eor8cc$t

3 o$.oE:eq"

cu8<io:,-S

rr

Did ytiu do anyrhiug else? (,rE:) c:dGE corcuSeer:oirr


Yes.
.._
O

("-)
B

I listened to the Radio for a while.

trr)
(IV) A

/ 6\

?oo?r
.C

c\ e o _q,>. /, q c 1.oaflco]"J cDacl)Gclscrl gr:ecori

IO)(DII

Did you have


/ q \ fo \ \
o

a good

time last night?


otr> 32 JJ+ oJr: elgorcr:

(.-)
B
/ 6\ (nl

(6c:J g: aor ecDr coJrrc


6 CDf:il

q q

oc

Yes.

I had a wonderfui time,


(%$co:S) co:ao$:sasoep ecn:E:
oc
c

?.3d,
G

)r

32aJl(lJ):q?u to)tr)rr

You'll probably have fun tomorrow too. (o3:) o go5@$-dr


eo,1Ecr8o

('o)
B
It.t tfft

qrqecuoc-Srr

I'm sure I'll have an excellent time.


a c . c o / c -- -og oc 32co:GCD)c:otGlJ? malg qeokr-"?. (%S
c "-- c a cO))J orlgPulcr)(r)

c\

o$:o:c,-,

Go5 3 $ aaGoQm$ sa 5 c.3 6

omrtePr

cgq

(v)

Where did yoLi go?

("-)
B
(3rJ
/ 6\

(o3:) o,-Sqr:)ec::irr
We went to a beaLrtifui beach.

(%FGol5{" )
ulo'r.-Srr

c:r,r.rr-oi cn6:ep{ :ptl@

did you swim in the ocean?

("-)
B

(rS'4.) c:? ge1':?" aelm:)@ao:cur:rr


Yes. but we swam close to the shore?

(c,,l

/ 6\

.?dQ, (%$Go"S{") o:6:e$sz$:or


c-,loJ,,
Dicl Tom and Ted sieeP at home?

aelm:5@

("-)
B
(c),l
/ 6\

"%E"
Ye s,
c \

gi

"or.r5"

d3o, d6d@o-rtl

we did. We slept at home.


C O\ OC C C / oC a -QCt ic-r..., lo) c.r.,r ( o3 q eorrol"i s2 o d" 32 o J
r'

.?olo?r

@Jo^,.f

er$*oro,

GENERAL CONVERSATTON (3)


Glossary (o
E

glo5 o8:co E: atr crS)

(s3-cE) eater (dor:) eats (13-o56)


eat eatable have

(vt) or:arg! (rake, have)


(n) or:ar (n) raor:raor (sl)

(rBeo:c)-oS) (aoj) or:q$c:5eo:Se o:r

(,|-) (vt) orEa;g! 85iEa>di or:eor,rSog!

wonderful (o6: sl:.:-o9) (adj) (surprising) wonderfully


(o 6: sl:

e$r"p.-rS eor
(s

wonder (o6:s.h) (surprise)

* E gd urpr-is ingly ) (vt) samr:c:-d (n) saor:oEQ6:


cr:

o3:) {adv )

reaily (qrri"Sr) (n) szo$oEo6r mo$o:cn,-S lactually; reality (+oicS:i) (n) rao6mo$B6EE' (actuality) reihze (+da?cl5 3) rvtl sz@6o$,r3c3eooE!
(understand, make real)
rear (T())-cDl
r /6 \ c\

(adj )

szoEsz"$$6aor (actual) e@ro g!,


ecu,1Eco6

wash (ol $) washer (.ilgl')

oEi (n) s> odecu;Ea,f r s-, o o5e-Fq


(vt)
eao:

cc$a-o,,

eo5s$saoo{cn$of,o35omr:c$r

rgg

probably (oEeo:c)o3) taov) $6or$ "?c'5-$V probable (oEacr:di) (adj) $6or$ ,,?o5or$qre c:r
probality (c-,Eeo:do3:d:) (n) B6",$ ,{o5or$ "pE6EE: o: excellent (do56GS o)Ei) (adj)

"z-:e.nrE:g$e

(extremely good)
beach (c3

{) ocean (4'i3'($) shore (E:) sleep (oc8-6) sleep (oo3-8:)


sleeper

1n) t-,6or<-Sm6:eQ

(n)

"r?gq,

(n) m6:ep (vt) s36oc6og! (n) d6oo5$E:


(adj I s868cf
e

or

(oc3:o1:)

(n) d6ocrSe;

"c$roro,,

GENERAL CONVERSATION
sr6qecoo.or:e$r (9)
(I)

(4)

(""r)
B
/ o\ (Jl)

Where did you go after Lunch'l \ c c / c\ re (oe:J eq.cuPo) o?Lg:co)r norcrr:G3r:cDrr

I went to the public library.


C O C O / C C\ f- C f(q $ eot) [9ee.orlge??ctrc? 3J?: ao ro)())rr
C

\ rl

Which one did you go to

l.sa)
B

/ c\ c - t "tS,^B (oc:J Jr())orlg8c?, a;r:5c,letc.ir


Lo
I went to the one at 21st street.
cDrSco)f / \''61 r--I

/ o\ l.-n

tcc\ccccr-coco

&o i

aooJo)ocDO:cD ollctpJO)cDcl) L-JLr L


"

a:::Ac-,lorc-Srr

o.

(iI

What did you do last ni-qht?


(6c:J [9:ao] ecD J)f CDOGD:CD
o$:oro,,
/ c\
46 \

("-)

eo5 s $ raeo{m$ c,af, o33

omrte$r

JOJ

Iwatchedteievision'

(d) :
A

(q$'o'3)(o,,:5c3,698'($) oE$8o@''
OBI'
c

(.*)
B
/ o\

Where did You watch it? \ C a f, . \ / a O C C /.\\ (ob: ) ( or.ucSobse:( \ $)) :r)oJai) IgBDcD JL ,/ \ \ i watched it here in the recreation rooln'
(mrSeo:5') Y--\"61

IJ)J

op r_

vaos:elcqgza$:or o)(Dc,.)uo r r I lJ

.COC

9S'($) @g!"1o,,-Srr

(rr)
A
Was the televisiot-t program interesting?

(.-) 8,.
[Jr]
/ o\
:

or.So3o6qE:($)

sz8srop- 8io5or:otp

e.nrE: \cur:rr I thor,rght it was boring.


(cr31$

eors)
"o

o.-,5

cr3

"6

g6:($)
"l o'

szB
t-S "

s'op

$:

eg

<p ..nrE:or.rS oi"coE

A: (.*)

What did yor-rr friends think of it?

(oE:) \:7c"Sa1E:op,me.'p o,t-ScS"6oE:($)


s>B szo p,f o:<-So3"coE
ol

o:ci

rr

o$:orc,,

JOJ
B

oqrf :o8eo:8cc$:
They were bored too.

(.3)

4.- d'

[i: e g.@c.,lor

oS

rr

(rv)
A

I went to a lecture iast nisht

('-)
B

(q$eo:5) EtiQ gcn "ecr::ep:d" o:6aor:


)o'1o'r,-Srr

What was it about?

("rl
A

/ 6\

cn

m e@r

E:

GcD G(r?G$rt-,1 c: oi

rr

Society and modern art.


"c\?

("-)
B

\ C\ c2o"g)oe:1. cao)CGOt s)s oery)Glg)i:


C

.n

eo:,i],' o

I wish I'd
o c:

gone with you. f,)f


:

(D,)

/ 6\

C\

f .y)

cD

\ ao)l

C C s2(J cD 61cD ())

rl

(v)

A, ("*)
B
/ 6\

We went to the movies the night before last.


\ C c (cai6o:"o:.l 19:?o?e oore 6(Eo"J oosceD: / C C O\fO
c

OCO/

a.-. cr-

[9Elgo)orr
What did you see?
ic.)j

(,E'4.) oreq@E!)q-i'
cc$:oro,,

eoB s $

oeo{m$

saf, o36

om:,epr

Jo?

A : ("o) :

We saw a llhn about cou'boys and Indians.

(q$eo:E{") emrE:{iE: (gr:e"n1oE:or:cp:)


qEqE.8 +. doJc?8jp:erp:me@rE: olo)(})il
NC

EdiE
COC

B:
IOJ
/ o\
:

Don't you ever get tired of those westerns?


(oc:O).J 3?co qcDl geGCOrc
C C r-- a g)clgfc: ao6tcoP:('f O)())O C\)?:]I
CO

o \

C-

\ o 61.

saclf

CDOC:
C

32[gl9:Gc"oePccD]c:

a\TO

General Conversation (4)


G

lossary (s

ES1.rS

qE,.u 3: atr c'5)

public (,-,i cr.u6 - 5) (adj )


(not private)

sz ep: p g! a: crtrr: g f

Ee

o:

library

({d-"\il

(n) or@E){"5

(place shelved for books)

librarian

({d-"*fl-$:)

tn) or@Elo3c'Sop

(person in charge of a iibrary) watch

(4({)) (vt.vi)

Ed-d
,.$r"ro.,

eo:3EgioEi

(Look at , Look or wait with care)

Jog
(sademE

oq:fl:etec"'r8a:$:
z

television (o:c,ScS"6 oE:($)) tn) o8pE ar@:

rv;

recreation (Qafle,r:sE'($)) fnl szo$:e@$E:rr Q$$ szl: c:6@6eo$E: recreational


(Qa

Qao: oE'

i(.S))
sz

(adj ) $o: $ GCJ'

s-ar:

c:6eo

recreatc (qa qG,D(oS))

vtl

c.,

6: e@

g! rr eco;Se$

r: g!

program

(rfr"\E(6) (n) sz8szoprr eaorEso5q$ -B


raoprr cu6c$:oi

bore (:3:) (vt) $:eg"eoog! (n) $'"g"gcSemr3:eorcJ-s)6rPil

bored

({'(3)

(adj) $:ec.efcaf,"
c: 3: s? b.r

lecture (cudap:) (n) acn:eQ:a1c8 1vi) ".o:eQr8"a1o$rr

society (4

6:,D.'5d) (n) cu sa }"sa o g!:r


(aOj

sa

mco,t5o:$.Erc..rt
modern (8 s $) modernize

e aoS 8 - e a

o5o":

f,)rr cnrcu ecll@ E

G3)fil
(Q

"

. "E(E)) (vt) .ao58- Seo$ -$6e s-rrE

"?5od
modernization (ps$$c'5Ge;flS:($)) (n) e ao58e gzrEcu8pE,
cl

::$:o.c,-,

lr

eoSs$saeo{m$se,5o36ome:eSr

Jog

(oB) ever (dcr:)


movie

(n/colloq)

q66rE

taov) szQo:6:
eorcr$:s6:gc.Seoog!

tire

(dE:on:) (vt,vi)
" .-:(

(make or become weary.)


tiredness (4E'

5h.6(6)) (n) eo:o$;$


(adj ) borc, $:eo

E: (wear ine s s) $: ec.eo


G

tiring (48: qE:(E))


(boring)

eo2ri

or?

er$:o:o.,

GENERAL CONVERSATION (5)


eD%Gqom::e$: (3)
(I)

Where have you been?

("o)
B

(oE:) o..So::eg

oo)r (o,.Seep.6"f d)

I've been to the movles.

(d)
A

(%$corS) oSsE@gefol.l;l
What did you see?
(oc:,/
/ c \ l-..- cr J)fcofl9Ea.l"-il \

("-)
B / o\

I
I

saw an Italian movies about


c C\ O C \

life in 'sicily.
a.-C

(3rl

I a orr \ cnrsccDl ,/ oocDcrrs:Df:6J?:q. 3Do3-rGtg)c: olr


6ICDCD: CO]:Of 3)OICDOJS QOCICCDIC/]CJ3 I Ll JL LL__JLJ. rl - iL " ac () lct)oJil
O C r e C C C OfC\

o$:oroo

eo5 s $ caeo,{cn$ ra6 oS 6

om:reQr

Joq

(ll)

A: B:
(J)J
A
t,c

What places have you seen so far? c o / c\ o o \ a \ (kjc:J rr.rqcsq"oJ[:cO)or G%.?t i:;cr.r
^ (c!J.D? uic'lcu) / C\ \\

/ o\

I've been to zilmost all the mlrseLlms. c\ T- o c / c c o " o o (cal GO)IJ 19cDcDOJf:l $":c'J:cocDGCD?CDCl) c\ c cfl>cn? oacDu)
I

az,l

Have you gone to any parks yet? c r- cr. o / c\ c\\ (oc:J 32os: G[got:l3oJr:cD c epcD a q"cur:

rl

B:
(d)

No, I haven't. I haven't had enough time for


that.

Br:f.
(

3)s,lloq:)):il

oc

III)

Let's meet at your house tonight.

("-) : (q$eo34") -.t"goE:d"dEo"


o())ti
c

u%.EE

Ok. That sor-rnd's fine.


e

/ (]\ (rJ

mr.:$ gaiezS:,-,lco.'i
c:S:"rc..,
I

Joo

oqr$:eSeortcc$:

I've forgotten how to get to your house' J)tl>a)co.qooJoo)) t L


L

/ . c\ C OC O -"L ("o) : fcnrbco:)) od:dAcn ' \"61T--' )

C O

6()Gio?o)ll

B
/ o\

Just take the Tenth Street bus to Third Avenue.

[3]l

aocrS cu 6

c'Ja:cD":cD

oc

:$.o, C .-,: c.., 5 :.n1 t-'5 S :({5 o t o o:qcc6.P( t5.r'lol..-t5.'

or)

(IV)

Let's watch television for a while.


(.,:r $ \ O.l I

("-)
B

eo5i.) Lol
c

q8iqS.r@o: L' u

cD

actlGCD"dE

lgqcazrcil All right, but let's finish this work first.


.^CnrCCO ecnrb:olcr:o5rr s lec-rQog 3-rc?oc? ococl30:

(s)

c cf..-'o lg:eratc c'Jolgo.ll

A:
r

Oh, Let's not do the work right now.


:

(esz)
B / o\

^ #:---. (q$eoior.,)oe
IL

c o\

S?c?oc? 3

c o

clct)t-'oJC

.-q

Yout''re f ust LazY. in mY oPinion.

(])l

o8:d.gzeo:Ec1E:@o:d{"
(coEpE,:paoo:,,S)rr

(.a$"of)

coEo':'S

"r$:oro.-,

ec$ s $ s,ae,a{m$ saf,c,3 6 omrte$:

Jog

(v)
A
I can't hear the television
set.

("o)
B
/ e\ (nl

(q$ eof)
:

fl

6GE

si@r:

ra

c:o@r:

e1o:

rr

Why don't you sit closer?


ICJC:
\

\ 6 c oc / c\ r- o ) J)"]OICD 92s:CDUOCDCO))C\)II I ,/ LJL L"


L

I'm right beside it now.


c o / c c\ cr-c .r(caf GO.).j 6)ol9c ol9":ocDf":of aqGl
cDo)
c
rr

("*)
B

Why don't you turn up the Volume?

(d)

(o3:) cr:e@r6 o3$Ear@r:r sroacod (e"5cg$:) { ogf-,--\,,


General Conversation (5)
Glossary
(sa 8

c" "1.S 93t

E:

a,1

c,6)

Movies (tg'(E)) (n) q3q5 (Filns)

,Film (.-3(6)) (ut) q6qEi"3q,-d (n) s66r6erdQ.A' ,.uE.-SQrt


Film-stars (.c.rE(6)oonr 5) I n) qoog!em15q6q3oE:
3JO:1 OC:3J":OJ":

-$rrro,,,

J30
Ufe (oicr5(,5))

oq:p:o8eof cr$: fnl


s.aorcbr

::or ociSrlgol (Living,


(n) s2oJc;ocS-eor-ogr$

being aLve, people, animals and plants have iife)

Life-boat (a?ci ,$
place (c-,ecu-6)

"i-oS) etT (n) d)


(adv) cu$:<-'l: (very nearly)

(a special locality, residence, site)

almost (esz:-cS-8" 6

all (esz:-oS) fuOi; sar:o5:ee:: (the Whole of, every


one of) (adv) sm:cu,:r rrcn$szoE (wholly, entirely, com-

pletely) (n) rar:o::r szm$saoEr mepaSC6: (thetotal,


everything)

Museums (E[8,D3-3-5) (n) $icr5e,p: (building in which objects illustrating art, history, Science, etc are
displayed.
)

park (ol-o5) (n) o$:[g (vt,vi) cnr:q6erg)rr sound (eaorE:-$ - 5) (adj ) e.nrE: o$ ec:rr cn1$:oreorr

6:cntr E o3

g)G

ol

(n)

sz

(vt,vi)
glr

sa

oco<rS eo cr E!

rr

Forget (eo5oo5 - o5) (vt)

"9.,

6oGcDJ?

c:

e: (Losr rhe

remembrance of, Let slip from the mind) Forgetful (e.Eo,tr-i-51,d) (adj) eomCec:r

Forgetfully

(e o5o c6 - o5

-<.0:

o3:) ( adv)

eoeoc

olJ? ccDJ?

oc$:oro.,

eoSs $ caeo{m$ saf,

oB

I ocnr;eQr
-

J33
"3
-

forgetfulne

s (a

o5,r,f

-..0: -

c - g

6) (n)

e9e

op

Et

Avenue ($oE:q11p) (n) cu6:q<'Sffi: (816orcu6:) moment (Qtd ond, instant)

d)
E t

(n) osSr o)acrl (for a while, sec-

immediatly (o

8: 8: e,-,:r - c'5

-.3f

adv)

a; c,'5 a1 E: (

at once

with out delay

all right (.sr-.S-fl.'5-c'3) {adv) e.nr3:p {Ok)


all the same ('rrr-cE-o3-S6:-E) tadv)

{.86-i

6ocD"o

right now (E.'5-o3-eqcE:) (n) oqsz31$r


(at this very moment)

'-':aa1'Sa,1E:

opinion (4

oS al"5 $:) (n) co8 QS o ao a1'f ' :o:$ hear (c8or:) (vt,vi) @r:g:oEi, qr:tcorEc:EJ
S $

rr>

heard

(vpt,pp) @::5og!r E,')E close (cno3"-E) (aoj) sz$:$$6e err (ciose' closer, closest)

(-:-5)

close (cno3.-E) (vt,vi)

8o5o$

(ciose, closed, closed)

'closely (.Dc.?. 6 o3:) {adv) $:mSg, closeness (cD"?"-6-f c'5(E) tn) $'m6QE:
beside

(r34c; 5) (prep)

$e

co:i

besides

(d4d

S S) (adv)

iQ6r

gE:PE

o$:o:o..,

J3J

oq:f:sEecnS

turn up (o$:-$-s>5-5) (vt,vi) acuo5gEoEi (switch


on)
tLrrn

off (o:$:-$-e szr-5) {vt,vi) acos58Cog! (switcfi

ofll)

Example (gc-,0:)Turn up rhe radio.

("qS44g{drl)

Turn off the radio. (G6lg,r3o?8o5

{.;"i)

volume (eo5qp 3) (n) mod:QE:rr cotr,:Sp8: (rhe loudness or sofjness

ofsound)

He raised the volume of his radio.

T-d'

"?i. "q8{s>"rd

m1o5o3,foE!rr

o:$corc,.,

GENERAL CONVERSATION (6)


srecoGcoom::e$l
(r)
(G)

Let's go the movies tonight.


(,E$ Go"54) .-ueg"gs6

("-)
B

@ e1e sz:c ",'E Fine. I don't have anything else to do'


5F

rr

(s)
A

emrE:rlo:.$rr (q $ to:E)
(32aliqorO)())l
/ . \ c

=,

q6

c'''So qr., 8l:':

rr

ac

C\

What would yor-r like to see'l

(.o)
B

(oc:)

cr o: qo 6lc i98ocD

C Cf-

rr

Why don't we look in the movies section of


the newspaPer?

(%$Go'S{.) .rc.,6:or\.q6q3orP{ o@3lmrci, (o*c'Sqto:o:c"rt)

n'

"8"

:r$:"ro,-,

J39
(

eoqrf:o8eor8cc$:

II)
Where are you going tonighy? (oE:) erp!e g.gocS a3r: sa$:oolrr

("-)
B
/ e\

I'm going to the political rally for Senator


Henry.
/

Ir],)

(cal6o)"J
I
E6

c c c E\ y)cocDCDcDccD"
qr:<)

r-6 c'Jl3:

c otr \ ('ctq q.

q:

or:

c-S

ir

So interesting! Can we go with you?


f,)oo o) o c of
QCq S C
:

("*)
B

o 6p c cDf c cD (D I O).t"O
3
I

o\

c
C

sq I &c ocD):il
/ 6\

(s2o)

\ f,)f:on lcDt:J

: s, c? ?":

Celtainly. Meet me here at eight fifteen.


gr:3Eolo:,-Srr oEleg qpor gl6pQ aocScl:8g6

lJ]l

-{$("a$"orE)
(rrr)

}.eo:cilrr

A
I

Would

yor-r

like to go to the concert with me

tonight? (oE:) cl$ .r-,6$ a)cD dc:::ocur:rr ,oL_ ro \ / o o


Yes. Thank you very much.
o) o) cD il (o c : cD J
C \ / C O\
G

("o)
B

(s)

cDJ: G. 32 oJf :

-e lo3:

o: c o co o)
I

C a

c
r,

er$:o:o.,

eoSs

saeo{m$

sa6 c'3 8

om::epr

J39

: Would you like

ro go ar about eight o' clock?

("-)
B (cr,l
/ 6\

: (oE:) o69rfle.ur'5 (32{$", ) ::::o:cur:rr : That would be fine.

: d I sz 31$ ecnr8:c,lor,-Srr

(IV) A
What are you going to do todiiy?
(oE:)

("-)
B

oeg. (8"+.) orco8eroirr


C qe c::ol rr:

I haven't decided yet.


(% $ GOr5) a szd
er

(J)l
A

/ o\

ao:@

rr

Would you like to go to the movies? (oE:) o3o3?r:6rcDr:r,


Can I call you and tell you later?

("o)
B

(.8)

(oEs{)
()())lt

"l.fqocur:r eg:,fo

(eE:cB) GD"E

(v)
,A Would you like to go to the movies ronight? (oc:J scfl"e Qc-rqcc:l:o:cul:
/ C\ 6 . .
r

("o)
B

I'd rather stay home and watch television.

/o\ (Jr)

(%$Go5) g36o e9p:r


er$ro:o,,

o6@E

c:@::@g!o.Srr

J'G
A

oq:p:oteor8cc$:
Are there going to be any good program
night?
\

to_

a .-. (em) : 5e+ q5fd5a-,lQr:crr t.Lr LJ \_J ) O().)C\)?:II

szSg>o$ecnr:ecocur -- - --,to

: :

Yes. There's goin-e to be a good play on chan_

nel 3.
/ 6\ (f,))
LD

. / .-..:t-lC C C aC o) o^ o) oJ r o o c ctfgt:)\ ao cn a: o5 e o3 b : q: 1 $
I

" o:

-- g cD -

G" cD G cDl c

c c r erolc co 6: o:d acoreco o o5

rr

GENERAL CONVERSATION
Glossary (33
Let's = Let us
"1,rS oE:cu3:
a,1cf

(6)

Let (cucf-o5)
Lrs

(vt.vi)
(pron)

ai0L-d (a1lorv, permit)


%$54"4
of America.

(sa6-6)

USA (,r,r::o5-3-e m) (abbr.


sae o31m$pE!e corSo

r_rnitecl states

o3O! irnc (33: $) inl sdec (r,tt :o5egEd-d


(n)cr->apJ (aclv)
er$;cruc,

(oB) tunight (q$; ;)


movie

(n) (colloq) q6qE Fitnr

eoSs

$saeo{m$ooo36

omr:eS:

J3q

finely (qS: i
f-ineness (QS:

cS:)

(adj) ecorE:o$r @p)o:S.e"" (adv) a6:qr:orrr

+ ?"5 6) (n) .-r3:o$QE'" (adv) dszQ8r eql.fcc8 else (d-cS-6)


(besides, in addition)

like

(oioS-c6)

(adj) ore or
(rzt,vi)
@1cB
s6

a;

cB

3!

Ir

look (cgoS-5) (vt)

@i-d

(see, search. try ro see)

section (eo,tS-o5-o3:-$) (n) s>Eo5gzSEtr 9'q8c'5r


newspaper

otp
tt

(g.u:-6-er:-.i:) tn) a;o'Eto't'

political.(8o:6o16

--cS

cS) (adj) I

3 e e el:

Ii

{E'or

politic ally (8cuEcn6-.n.S A:) i aclr') 8Ec e ey sEt8tq !: $

politicran (Qcu6o6oE,($)) (n) 8E6e

q'':o''"

politics (8cu6or6-.'5 6) (n) 836.q:'r rally (eq.o3t) tnl 9q1tQ3: (vt) oq:oE)r oo3!'':$rr senator (S$05-")r) (n) sze oRio:$sacoctSgo3e or3cu@:

'

concert

(q$ $ -:

o.S)

lnl orgr a$et1Ee3!5$3:rr


(r'i) dc$EQ.s>rE-5c:$,r

decitle

(8Sd

S) (r't,r'i)

ao:$i:;;J,'

8q3"itEt1o.lE!l'
"

dcciston (S8:SiS' $) (n) 30:BoSE3: o-a1'f


e.$:orcu

Jco
call (em5-c,.S) tul)
1n)

-qog,re"mgo$, rJl>3lr saog!eo:oE)r co$:e Jarg!


eaTdpE:.

rather

(ir.rrr)

iadv) raeorS=z:; 88s6o.,5$

stay (oeor:)

(vi)

eaoregds-d
p"17$6:rr

(n) eaororp!:8pE:r

play (c-,qcu:) rnt

Q"rir
EN (n)

mor:p8:
c{lo8

(vt,vi) cooc:o:Elr
piayboy (" e.u:
-

oElrr
g

cr

@$:

$ eelEeope

er-plelc

cn:

channel

(q$'

oS) (n) $oJo8:oiE: (ee18o3


Co c 3Jo)o:fJetl

dg)

( vt) aocf qoSog!r'e$:E:or:c:g!r

ed:$ neo{m$

n6cS6onnee@

ffi

Jce

APPENDTX (l) VOCABLj LARY

(8o:r$pril

ocD?:qr.De2ll

(A) a, an [erar

ce twice a week - o:6r tlp!opic'r8roS, cDoaot t c 4 c c c 4 cDoo lcDa).alc 6 o a I -c c)"il lsoG abandon [oo$:g${$) ttn I to desert; to go aw'ay lrom c: c3r o o o o Ol.o o "S.cc::: t- "o.r5.ror: l-"5,, able [e sz:d(c5)1 (aOt:) Having power

*d($) ]

(adj) one, any each,

as

o6:eeoe3 t3eoarr crro5crg8:e o:rr

about [saeoccrS(oS)] (adv:) Near to. as "about half'


$t
a

(prep:) concernins

"11t

"

co: c6r

co Eo cr5e

o:

cr5

rr

"3o;p:$rr accident IQ(5r d:i$.(o5)l(n) unhappy or unexpected event crash


oe

ocEoc,5$r

gEo3d$6,1.'5e,

c oo c (JGOIfCD3o @aCD()II
eofie

qe:ortmeu

JJO
accordurg

U
(ro)

f:atcu:to$
)

leElemE)

[saecocsS:(3r c?)](adv

on the authoritr

ol

$tt"0"{"lc'5-re1rr accuse 1va"og:(E)l(vt ) sa\ rhar someone has done wr()ng, to blarne

g8eo,E?i. 96ge$a{oElrr sa$6oE oElrr


accuser [sacqpo::] (n) one that brings a charge ga;ct5orEor oSdorr across [-neeB(6)J (prep; adv ) from side ot, to the other side of co5cac69 qrEocf c3r sa$c: c.r8crcrSc3i
co$.co$.$cErr

act [d(5ro5)] fnl Thing done, an acrion


01co6$6:, o16gp:c',,,

(vt.) Do something. play a role on the stage o:61ao6oglr oo6e"oe8 o g!rr action t4(5 n6'($)l (o) a thing done
o:5aa$1o:3$E:rr

actor Id(Sroc)J (n) A man acring in a play on stage | .ro6e"o:Eor .ro$saosaspq6e,


c.coEoEcr5r o5 qE el8: cJr:,r

actress [Q(5r-q.'5(E)i fnl A woman who acrs in a play or filnr or on television cnco8r q3qE.l3:oE:rr
eoQeqcofoneo

t
E

e6:$ neu{m$ :a6cE8ormae$ LE

JJC add Isa.,5(E)1)tut:) Put (sonrething) with another to ntake it larger: to join, to saY lirrther.
..r'l8:co

d- d' $p$ goE o E!r,


it pg1ssn

address

tdsqd(E)l (n) parriculars olwhere

lives: rvork, and w'hert lctters;

etc nray be delivered o33"r' e1q6'r


a speech delivered or r,vritten
E$.a$:omo:rr

(vt.) to speak to or write to, to clrrect to aPPly to one's self to 8$.g$:omc:e$"o E!, c33". q.: $r @por:sa::"oo5t:g!,, addressee [dsqcfS:] (n) one address cSSooqEr c33o:o:3coa:o

admiral 1d(3r cla\(oS)l (n)


Highest ranking navt' trtl-tcer

eqo33c6113@:"
(n) forward movement, prtrgress advacnce tQ(S "F.(E)l
e

o o3:$E:r

o3:o.'5@:"::$E:r'

(vt:) come or move forward


eo.o3:ocrSog!rr
make progress o!:-.t5nsrr8co3

o $rr

advantage td(5r o$o3d(,Sl)l (n) A better chattcc Q-ai saeqqoEl',


coQeqeeofmco

adrice td(E)qd(6)1 (n) opinion, colttrsel


"a@gct6', adrise tQ(8)qd(E)l

JJJ

Gg

p:atcu-:ta:p

(cqeof)

t''t) Give advice to rr@e,r:o$',

adviser tQ(S)qdc.2l (n) a person whose job is to give advice, esp:to a govemment or business sr@eo:a3n

affair [rabcu::] (n) Business, as "the atlhirs of


natron cu<.rci:t
c c
oJOG

6o"c qcB.DEll

cq

after

[d(6)o::] (pre:) Later; behind


e1:cftlr (conj:) ,":o:
$:e1c.t5,r

f"qoo:[g:()r l9:orr afternoon tQ(6)orq:($)l (tt) Time benveen middle of day and night time

:ft.'_

g$:q$:.l' g$:q$:n
again

[oE$:($)] (adv) another time. as before gaocno3l -Eo$r ng:.t5.o6'

against tsaE$:(6ro5)l (prep) opposed to, not agreeing with

o$.cq6.".r5r oe cacor plco, &'


co{cqeofooetr

eu5:$ neo{m$ n6o3Eocm:eS age Iesa(<i,1)]

G!

JJ?

(n) time during which has been living


sao.r5rr

assression Idoqc'5o3:($)t tnl attack made without good cause


sa

fclgoc: c6o?cD2:eil
c

C r

CDJF 6

C O CO cDJ"

?cDacD(Jil

agsressor [sdoqcnoc] (n) some making an attack with

out good cause


s?6[93"c: e agree(
fC r
cDJ[:

C O CO C 6.DJ"CD cD ecD

c)

il

rvith) [',-o {:roE(rS)] (ut.


ce c

Have some opinion as (someone) cDog:o)o())ecnf g o csD"cDecJ aqreenrent


c c e

c
il

[-nft d$(.E)] (n) act of agreeing, and er


of pronrises oeco:oplerr
change

agriculture IsaoQ:cne(c,5rap:)J (n) practice of farming o: oS o:: o 3 c $ : r co.r5,.r:a 6.;p. q:,, Qcr5
aiO ts8o5(E)l(vt:) to help, assit

qd-d'

ncor.f6o$,,

(n)

help

assrstance, subsidy of money granr


e

coccf g.n pler .c e@:e coccf 9o,,

r air [si(oc:)] (n) The -qases around the earth, the gases
we breathe
q8cf e o2eo> cng:e$coo6: Eecu, %$ 34.
rr

(n) Military organization air-force [Q(<u::r ""?(E)] using airplanes


6CDO)Oil
c

eu{eqeotmeo

q
airplane [d(on:)oc8$,]

(")

frsEcu:Ee{t (eg1eo:t) aeroplane (U S) ccuorgcilrr


airplane station(air field)

airport [or<u::rQ.(o5)t (n)

e"

ecu eE6r

ecoo"t<i1.n6:r

air-raid [d(o:c:)e ep(S)t ("1An attack by airplanes e cuo:f, qe: Be 4 d i c,S E 6! il


all [coa(c8)] (adj; pron) The complete amount oa:q:r

-o?$'

gao5:6rr

(n) Everything; everyone ecq$r o8g.lcntr$n

-6e.rrcf

all right [eo:(c8r$c6("5)J (adj;adv:) with nothing wrong

oc:q:g$ogil
ally [ooQ6:] (n) A nation which has allied with an other nation
ecnoEoSt66rr

(v.t) to unite for some purpose

oe@c6:.Eg co6loqc8 o:c<r'16:eoa6 gc6$ 6: alliance [oof8:<u$.(E)1 (n) Agroup of nations united for some purpose
o,:aoEoSt66qr:n already I eoa(c6)\E:] (adv) Before now, even now

rr

oecocEe"r$:r also [erac(d)4r] (adv) In addition e r-c \ \ ssrlgcr cucDil


co{eporEorcr.r

..ua,r8

rr

e6:$ neo{m$

n6oSEocmeeS EE

JJ3

always [coE(c'5)eo:(E)] (adv) all times; every time ooflr o$r oEio:E$oe1c{rr
ambas

sador t d (6) d

os1

(E)1 (n)

emlsav

c)greo)l 3)d)efil
announce [ocqc$($r8)]

.uipl1ma1

("t)
to make
a Public statement

oqo:c3er,r8 e@googlrr
announcement

[oe1:i(6)e$(c8)] (n)
A Public statement
e@g"a,;cr5rr

answer

td8:($)ocl (n) A statement produced by a


question

ee3$:coE1{

e$@r:a1c,5rr

(vt) to give an answer e$@r:oP!rr anti [d$(d)] (aaj) opposed to; against; as "anti-communist" o{c,So5r ao{cq8co",8, "%$BF E o$.q8e q"
approach 14r$:(5$1 (vt)

1m3 sr+:c5cDoo

n.:t.t"to
er

-eJe:cDoo eil
_e

approval t o

fl

d(c6)l (n) Asreement',1.r:;;;t tn",


rr

o e cocq p$ alc8r 9$a> $"g n:$oS a1c6 approve io,'q(E)l (vt) Give agreement; decide that
something is right

co:op

g$e1cr5 c <-t:cr

$r

cr

"orcncr $

rr

eo{cqcofmctr

JJG army

Gq
[o::8:] (n) Military

prcEeofo$r (cqeo:E)

ground forces

@E!:co6ee"o8r arrest [oqc,5(6ro5)] (vtl Make (a person) a prisoner

o6:d:og!rr
(n) The act of making a person as prisoner o6: S: a,116esc6$6:
n

arival

tsid;(o8)l

"aEf:co6..rrrn64

(n) act of reach eepcr5ffiE:rr

arrive[o$c'5(t)1 (vi) come to a place e1spco61c{ egc6flogll


art tsa2(d)l (n) using skill and taste to produce beauty, (as in painting, music)
ca6o

gtr,-t$:Ey

eor:Ecorr

(n) Aperson who works at an art artist [ea::crE(6 "E)] (esp. painting)

-*s,r g:o$cr5or:o)r saco:c.r$i u$:E;{cg,r ask [o2(615)1 (rt,vi; make a request; put a question

eoc8:{oEir ee:$$:o$rr
assit

[QoE(6.6)] (vt) to give help mE$ogln assitant fsiaoSoco$.(d)t tnl A person who helps
atom [Qco5:(6)] (n) The smallest part of an element in physics grecr:ccS eo: sa poglr

oZplqr cuc6"cocct5tr

-o?Bt',

eo{eqeo:tooco

cds$ neo{rn$ n6o3Eocmu$ EE

JJ?

attack 1"r-"S(5)l (n) violent attempt to endager or defeat someone o Ef:co 6eo'o8.A o$ 6cfl cE fl c6$6: (r,t) To assail; to fall upon with force
rr

$6:co$g: {d?dc.>r automatic [eoE{}co8(5)1 (adj) (A machine) oPerating bY itself


."?5$ SiB co pleoroc'S n autumn teoEco6($)l (n) part of the year between summer and winter
e

oc8:p:e

,.,1lcBpc3n

average tdoq6(501 (n) Medium; between the most and the least; tyPical

-q":q:g saqEi:q: oq6:,ct


s, cu.$ s,
oc o5

oce$

rr,1 6:

g$

6:

rr

awake loco:(S)l (adj) Not sleeping; alert.

ed6d$:eqecrcr croE Eeocrr away [raco:] (adv) At a distance from (Something); in different direction (from) s?Go:cror *no: $t -$*oEe1 gc9rr

co{cjcortolco

EA pm8coEo$; (eqeof) JJO (B) baby [ecoc3] (n) very young child or infant
cneco:c,.Sr

bachelor fciatrcuc:] (n) unmarried man


qE11r

back

t{(S)l

(n) opposite front; re ar; partof body op posite chest


E6:$.o

sa e o

icq6o cfi oeqrcr5Q8:

r ecrrtrcE8:

bad tci(E)J (worse, worst) (adj) wrong, against the law; of no value

(S:eo:r ra$:eo:$Beoc)
goes|. ao$.cn18eo:rr ball [eca:(oS)l (n)

o::ee>:rr

something round; usually used


cu:E6:eoesa

in sport

pr

ecoco5:rr

balloon 1-o?:($)J (n) Bag of gas for trip through the air
E:<!;ecoro:n

bandit tc;$.s6(o5)l (n) Arobber, an outlaw


u'e p"E,1

(r,t) [is, J;'9".t":'r".:r*frT" "*, Eogirr $5oE!rr (n) fairness; grace s)o)e?or cuo$E:n

*,,,.

beauty

t$dr1

coQcpofmeo

eds$ smo{m$ n6o3Eormee$

JJE

beautitul t$Bc8:g:(c,5)l (aaj) Having beauty


o?oeaJt6c"6c)2ll because 1de.n2(5)J (conj:) For the reason that.

Eoq.r5r 98:oqc'9''
become ldca6:(8)1 (became, becomes) (vt) come to be

$6curop!rr
believe tSaE(t)l (vt)
be certain that (Something) is true

coEqle$ o

belong (to) [c3eor6:(o8)o?l (vi) be the property of

iltn o?@iiio iiirr


Q6{Eo$rr

birth [co2(c5)] (n) pto..ss by which


eg:ga:cu:$6:rr

a baby is born.

'blood

tcDoro5(E)l (n) red liquid in body


6CJ:fl

body [ecoEE] (") physical structure of a man or animal


".1 [eco2(5)cE] (n)

deg:$({) -V"g1oE16{,f.o$
Ahollow ball tull sf explosives, used to destroy something.
c. c o c e c 4 c \

\mb

cDoocDoecD qcDo: qf r GOlcDo?Go

og$ o:5:go:

co$or:od(irt
9:@{o6ioEa:$l

(i,t) To send bombs at


eo{cgeofeneo'

prctecnte{r (eqeof) J?O border Ie o5s1] (n) Line betrveen nations.

[E

-3q 6i $.or3 3 i $a:coa:cc'3 E-d


luSgEo5rr g.-S$r:rr

both Ic3"(cS)] taAj. pron) Not only one of two but the
tr.,uo

together.

sSer s6eo::$6eo:rr

boxing I ecaec'5(c,5ro8(6)J tn t In sports, a contest between two fighters


c oc g)oo)ocucDGo
t.
il

bridge 1oq6(.i1)1 (n) A structure o\er \vater or a valley; anything making a connection between two things.
G

qoT(c3") eco:6@:: cBB.E

gt

eorcr5or6

oe:

sa sa(coorc:)rr o E! sa. "otcrS

bright tc>$<16(o6)l (adj) Giving much light, strong and clear in color.
cc s) o) c: 6 6Pc
QJ":

o"

o: 6

c)lr

@g!o6eo::cr5oe o::rr bring [caq8:(5)] (vt) come holding; act of carrying o?eeocSoroplr' , broad [c'66p(E)] (adjJ wide, cntr,f$$.eo:l (n) the wide part cn1o5$$.$3:rr
broadcast [oe ep(5)cneEo51 1w; send at by radio

"qEQg
eo{egeao:toneo

*":o;iog!rr

eds$ neuQm$ :a6oS8ocmse$ EE J?C (n) A message sent bY radio

-ciaje,ig oogq.6rr
brother fcoq::oc:] (n) man or boy with the same father and mother as another person'

pio6{oqE:rr
build [o8:(c8rE)J (vt) make by putting parts together

o$ee":crSog!rr
building t"o6:(c,5/"6:(6)l (n) A structure like a house d6.trgreeoccBogarr bullet ;.":,cucr5("5)l (n) A small piece of lead to shoot from a gun.
n

o5

r, q

6: co

burn [co$:(i)]

(ttl

Ei $ "

En

o:cn1

eo

rr

To be on bY fire

fire;to destroy or damage


E

E:ecur8n"od
burst

Eiq"ES:o

E$rr

[oe(6)dl

tot) To split violently $E:co$gc e,ic,5Qogln

(") An

exPlosion

e<r'lcr5Qcrr

bury [caa:t1] (vt) put in the ground (esp: the body of a


dead Person) e$o38 c"

gio

pirr

-q:o$6 cu n "r o3..$F

$16,io$rr

eo{epofeoeo

J?J
bLr

EA
cc q6 sr2c flglc\)otsc:r
q CFC

p:oteulter$: (egleof)

sin ess

IoEro1c,5(3)1 {n) ron.y-making rrade, a trading or organization a company


C C \ o?t?())c Ts)o.r

cn()cs)il

busy [c8:E:] (adj) working; having much r.,rork ro do s-rco6ep:eo"r q2:o2 raoSoSqe ocrr

but Iooo5(o5)1 (conl:) However


s'leoe.-Sr c3eoSrr

buy [c3E] (vt) To get in exchange for money ocS,rro$rr

Uy't{31 (prep) Near or next ro;according ro. o$:sa1::r


ecn15$o5$r saoE6:rr

(c)
cab [c;(c5)] (n) Taxi
srrc2:cD":il

cabinet [mc,5c3f (ir) The most imporranr "5("5)] ministers of the government
o8:qo$@:sag.rr candidate [d$.Er 8c6(o5)] (n) one that seeks or is proposed for;a conrpetitor , c o o --9: q)oat Qco:cD o())cDc)l cDoot
I L I r t ltr t I

o9p$16oe

gsor

capital [o;Eoros(c\5)] (n) chi.f town;


$;ecoEr eo{eqeeofmeo

eu5s$

neo{m$ n6n3Eorm'eS Q principle money

J??

careful [cicu::.1:(c'5)] tu,tr ) cautious' doing attention

"rq8tr,t:.",,
od
tre

ocr o

d$.$1co6 qe

u:r'

catch [Q(51)] (u't capture- arrest o6:S:ogrr chairman ta).oa:(e$)$l (n) one who presides almost permanentlY

ooa.,o3r

gcngrr
a

citizen 18oSc.S:($)1 (n) A person having full rights in natlon SEao:EaqE

e"",3i-0d-oq8o,

tE6or:rr civilization I So8cEcfecnS:($)1 (n) A high degree of Social development c,,". q:o3:o:.6 cr' .-tt In.n1:c'r claim [cncE6:(6)] (\,'t) To demand as one's right'
sa

3Q

sa e q:

t-c salgo ccD"c: aoc)err

c o--

(n) An act of claiming

eor8:Scrr
clothes t,DcE"(d 3)l (n) parts of dress

cold-war tcfl:(c6,E)e"1:l (n) A war without shooting t E 6n q, E: gr:e qo3c8i ("6.4d|)

"r.{' "roo9--$,

ooS'irn

co{eqmo:toretr

J?9

U
eBcS$Ecf a).oEErr

prateulte{e (egleof)

colonialisnr t4{$\.(cEre3:(6)l (n) A system of controllin!r other nations colony

i4"?$f (n) A nation under


another nation

rhe conrrol

ril

co.:5e-ra.tS5t 36,r

commission [e.n8eo3:($)] (n) agrorp of'persons with authoritV to act sacuScf gorS.cr3 e eorS s,t
g?)<ay) e..,:co::

Adq$

o glr

co

ol6o(sa

d.)rr

communication lemS$X$e.n:o3:($)J ( n ) News exchanged, Ways of erchanging infor_ mation (Such as television. newspapers, etc)

or E:

communism [ecnE$n9Ec.6:(6)] 1n ; community of propertr q$$1gEo1s,, communisr [6or5$if 8(Ero5)J (n) Beliei er in nrarism
Cf' c a o .f-. C c/"ftgpoorso? o?Eec?il

"co

uSc(

96$

o@r:

r c: s, 3:

or, o g! o3c,) "

rr

conrpromi se [.n6oE8cr5(3)t

,
concert

Settlenrent of matter or difi-erences by nrutual concession. adjustments ol- one,s theories or principles

"

sEocr5oeco:o:eo"3 e$$3:$3:,,

tq$-2(c6)l (n) A musical perfbrmance


c\ ccD:oc')f. 6oJ?or cDoil e \

eo{egeofooeo

eu5:$ neu{m$ :l6o3Eormse$

J?3 c()ngress t%$oqc;(6)l (n) rne taw-making -sroup of

-no{-$

the American goverllnlent -fl: qd g"e s$1qdn o.'E

consen'ative [co$ eooeoo:E(6)1 (n) one opposed to political or other chanr{es 8E6n q9"r"r sa$e: .$:6:oictB ocSore:c:,l

constitution [q$"dqp gE'($)1 (n) The general laws which are basis of a nation's system of qor,'ernment
$
E

a-E$

\. g.o$:Qsae$5 g,-,e s ctrc:rr


o8$:e116t3orr

control tq$c"$t(c,5)1(n) po*er of ordering tr,t)

tl1v3:::t-'"oa
aJ[ocDc6cf,)ell

or Power over
meeting

convention tq$"$.n6:($)l
co-operate

t"l

1*t.".t eo"al

saog:s?co:ll

[{n-i"nq(cE)]
.c

(\,1)

Work closely together

sa o2 9: e,,i 3:

6.BE

E!

rr

court tcB"(oE)l (n) A place for hearing law cases


cD6P:El:ccD2ll

crirne ta$E:(6)l (n) An act for which there is serrous punishment by laws
epc.oo5$Ecrr

E
ln

ec,{eqeeo:tcneo

J?G frcteoto$: (eqeofl crirninal Iaq"3:i(cS)] (n) A person who commirs a cnnte $Egcaryq$c7rr

ru

critic IaqEo3(5)] rn)


.A perstln

who points out another's errors oa$e:corrorqr:q eoo$or eoco$e ep eo pl criticisnr [aq6o5or3("3,(6)J (n) The opinion of a critic d \.$5o6cs.rm:q::cB eoE$$6: rr eoo$ orrr crore Ia$:] (n) Ten million, one hundred lakhs
orS.neqrr cross [ae sp(S)J

{w) To go from
(n) cross mark
@c,5e$ao5rr

side to anorher
B

$oE cn: a: E! (or

cn.r5

el

o,

cr

33")

crowd Ia66pcE(5)] (n) A grear number of persons together o)or o)60:r coga6rr cruel [ap:d(d)l fuajl tnhuman, hard_hearted
qc,S"crS@6:@1o5e

orrr

crush [aq3($)] (ur, vi) press as to crumple

GoEc:dil
cultivate [.D6(c6)o3c9(.E)] (vt) prepare earth for crops E.6<ripog!l culture [cn6(oS)a;::] (n) civilization
()Je6cDJ:oil

eo{cqeoltaneo

ed:$ neo{m$ n6c8Eormre$ [E


customer [m3(3)o3olr] (n) buyer eoe.t5oE!r,

J?2

cut [cn6(o5)]

tr,, vit fo divrde or wound with


to reduce

a knife

$o5oE!'r co6og!', E$:n"rr8 cutting [cnoEorE:(6)l (n) N"*tpaper, press cuttings c c c r-c 3J@c:o"c lgcDu'ia)8 a)cDc:
sa8E:sa"qa:rr

-En"-En$"5n"t"8

cvanide

[{6:.''t.,5(3)] (n) poisonous compound


substance:

43:.':$05(6) odSr'
cvclone [{6:.ncu:($)] (n)

vot.nt windstorm

ncu"${E:rr cyclopaedia [{6cnoi8:E:(oc:)J (n) Short form of


encyclopaedia
oclS,ircn16:u

(D)

naa t|(E)l (n) Daddr; father


I
GOGOil

Daddy t",r:(E)l (n) lather of a person yr6('il

Daily [es:(o3:)1 (adj)of every day cr. c 6f.ogtgo6c)"fl


euQcqccotooet:

J?O Daisy

[8
[e

prctcr,nte$:

(epof)

s:&:] (n) a rvell knoun plant of the genus


bellies
e

s:E,r$:rr

Dam

Ii(6)l (n) barrier

across river
ll

GqcD"cDf

Damage 1iel6(51)1 (n) harm toegoods etc


9roJcDs)o:il

Damsel ti${6rd(a8)l (n) young woman


cuc311n

Dance

tii(6)l

(n) movements and steps in time with nrusic


cna$|n

Danger I8$:(i)oJ2:l (n) risk; venture, peril, hazard c:o:sasep,.sn

Darling lstc.r8:(6)1 (n) much love one

$o5t:$6:5eprr Daughter [edco:] (n) female child of parents


crE:n

Day [es:] (n) hours of daylight rrco6:n pE fi"-, eqoEl$ Debate tEdc6(o5)l (n) A discussion between two oppositing sides.
rr

"o
e

E:o.r59

i -Ecocr5 rre$

sa

-E
"

ao:es:$6:', o.na: q$cu$E:

eoQcqco:tmcu

eu5:$ saeoQm$ n6nlEormrep EE (vt) To hare a debate


sa"Q"ao:Ee

J?E

q:es:oE!r'

Decide IE{oE(E)l (vt) To nrake a decision ao:$o5oE!',


Degree 1E:oQ:J (n) grade. Level sao38:srcoa, gaeo8r ci.rr

Demand tE;$.(E)l (n) A request nrade as an order


eooaE:da,1cr5rr

Democracy IEeel2cneqE] tn) People's government


88cneqEo1le
rr

Demonst,rate [Eeecoco"qt(d)] (vt, vi)

Display, prove, show, make evident; protest against something.

E err: e3

oce

1116 cu 6 cr E! r

-SGqrq8
cucooslldn r ! SLJo

,-'1o6oElrr

Demonstration tEQ($)"-nq96'($)J (n) A public protest of people demonstrating. Denounce t36f"e($)51 (rt) To make a violent public statement against
oooqcDaJa)9il
C\ C
C

Destroy tsd(E)cofiE:l (vt) To break completely ce c qcDO:1)eil Detect tgcDc6(o5)l (r,t) To find. to discover
oc.coc

5P6gc%.gt

3)eil oo:6%.01)eil

eoQegeofmeu

Jgo
Dictator
[

U
"

p:atelrlta{r

(e51mof)

5(o8)o:o6(ca:)1 (n

A ruler with unlimited porver


gar.neqErr

Diplomacv ISoa?iEl (n) statesmanship

t6.

a)cDclo)ocl:il Diplomat t8,rc,ico6(o6)l tn) n person expert

""a18,n16: .ccc

aocf aoel'

in

guiding international relations

oool $rr Disarm tsE(E)s;(6:)6t t*, vi) deprive of


cu
c,5

arms.

cocrS1c,5a1og!rr
1

c6,X

cr5

c3 6:

o: E!

rr

Disarmament ts6(6)d6:cac$.(.6)l (n) reduction in arms c c c oc ni


c\JcDtcDqcDc)C):[3c:I

Disbelieve ts6(6)daE(t)l (vt) not to believe

Discipline IsEoEt,co8($)t fnl orderly training or conduct

""?"6d

$Eop!'r

o$:cn6:r oE!:cn6:eoo3$E:r'

Discomfort IsE(6)cn6:e"?(d)] (n) without comlort .pc3.neoac'5$E$6:l


Discount Is6(6)ecnce(d)] (vt) deduct; reduce; offer .oc,;:csp6:cr$r,

cuftqcoforco

ed:$ neo{m$ n6n38oonrcS

e
cSecrr

J9c

(n) leave 5ut ofaccounl


Dispute t3E(E)G(o8)l (n) n heared argument
sa$E:,-,r:$E:rr

Dollar [e :iTco:]
s?e()

,",il;l;i',.]:r t

Sgccc'r\ec qcDl6ct ocooq? cDo6st cD"i eH3Jeil Double 1"6c;(c,5)l (adj) Twice as much
sEeo$Ee

orrr

(w) To make twice as much s6ao$1o6o$rr Dove [s5(6)] (n) t ;na of pigeon o c roc c aJl:g cDr [gc: aJ:6 q: c)6cDcDu
roc c
o

Doyen [ir\$.($)l

Ec:aJ():c6to)oJ2:a)il (n) a dean, senior member of; or acadamy diplomatic order etc

c.::"g"lefr ogroEsad.l
Draft [sq6(ErcE)1 (n) plan, outline g@5:r Q@6:rr Drawing-room fce epe8:(6)e:(6)] (n) room in which ,
guests are received
eE!a$:rr

Dream t"q,(6)l (n) Sleeping Msion r36o.,5,' co{egcofooeo

J9J
rD

U
[91.o::rr

p:ateufo$: (eqeo:t)

Duke Is1n(cr5)] (nt) noblenran next to a prince

Duty Io1po3:] (n)rnoral obligation o>o$,'


Dynastv t?Ei.oo3l (n) a line ot'hereditary rulers
ec:ocDil
aa

(E) Each

[d(r{)] taajl every. one


c e
L

and all
c ce

c o)oeor o?o6o)?cno ric t9o6cJ"

( DfOn ) / \t

cDoaot o)oc()J2cDoil

c e

Earth Ira:(cS)] tnl The planet rve live on .oee $rr g!"nececo:cn Eclipse [dcno:E(6rE)1 (n) obstruction of light
rr

eq@o5$6:rr

Eden [e3i$.($)t

t"l

Eden garden
s3 s
E

g,l1ai,' Editor [dsEo:a] (n) one who edits Egotism [s3:8:orEc.3:(6)]

":og!:rr 1n ; sel f--conceit


.3,-Sqg!eo:$E:n

Election [dor.'5g13:($)l tnl choosing by vote ege cnacr5drr Elope tsSo?3(3)l (r,r) run awar, rvith a lover ooc-c a:6PcDcDG[g: cJeil
eo{eqe:ofmeu

eu5:$ smo{m$ nf,o3Eorm:eS G0


Embassy

J9?
his staff

td(6)cor$l (n) arnbassador and


og:rr

Emergency ts8e""i.($)Sl (n) critical situation sreqe.il^ sae$saepr

Emotion t"8Qrn6($)l (n) strong I-eelirrg of anv kind


8oEo>6s2:86:il

Emperor 1s;(S)<i91 (n) king of kings, sovereign


ecD6Pc\ll

Empress td(6)oqoE(E)J (n) woman governing an empire; wife of or widorv of an emperor.

e.n{coq6e Enemy [d18:] (n) Foe; adversary


rr

q$qu English [o8:ooo6(d)] (n)


Escape t Q(E)ecn:(6)l r'.t I

ff'.

english Language

sa5c86o:colr

(n) The act of getting free from

Tj:,# ji,T, o,
q
c'5 e

$: cu o5 n $r.'5 $

E:

Estabish [4(Ero5/cD-6(il1 (r'r) To begin, to set on a

firm basic co g!eo:3 o p!,r o o8$Ealo

E!

rr

Evil [s3:oE(os)1 (aAj) Morally bad; harmful


,troS"a"

orr

S: a36:eoarr

co{cqceofmcu

J99

p:atemto$l (eEpof)

(n) sin. doing wrong

-r$5, saen:rr Example ts35(.;/a'6;("S)l (n) model. sanrple


?ef2l
f,JfocDlr

Expect te33(c;5)".;(r5)l tvt) wait for. hope for await

egEoiog!rr Expensive tr33(c;S)d$.-3(6)l (adj) costing much


e

q:@: eozr ra cn$ sa cqq":c c)"1

Experience td3(d3)3: +d$.(E)l (n) skill, actual observation


sae co.sa@p

Expert td6(c;6)"1d1 (n) specialist, master rro:o36:cn16orr


Explain td6(dE)"c8$'($)t (vt) solve, clear up make explain

oE:$o$'r
Extra tr33(d5)cogl (adf ) More than normal Eq6:.o.,5 g":c3)"1 Eye [s36:] (n) sight. view vision, look
otr,t53',

Eyesight

t{S:

Q"6("5)1 (n) uision;sense of seeing: view

$6q6:rr

eo{egeacntmeo

eu5:$ :leu{m$ n6n38ocmneS GB (F)


Face [eg(E)] (n) ftont ofhead
P:e a'l8:

J93

Facton'

ti(d)-il

e5 s, e el.8E: eJCt5 sr' (n) Where goods are produced


ocDqll

Fair [d(,ra:)l (adj) beautitul. just


C\)()6C)"ll
cD P:

gcDc 3)"ll

Family [dco3] (n) Mother, Father and Children; per sons who are blood relations

8oc:or .,6sa.o&E -no::o1':t


o:eco8"6c)q":ll Famous [n":e"5(E)J (adj) great' well known
e

n.n;Enere

or' "a",Pt a3eortt

Film [o6:ooE(6)J (n) A"motion picture


q|oacll

(vt) To make a motion Picture q6o3$doreir Finger t,r8:($)o1:l (n) one of the five parts of a hand
cu.6nap6:'r

Fire IQ3:(oo:)l (n) Something burning; Flames -Ee ed eocc8 q16:e"oE!E:,r Fix [o6(ciE)] (wl to repair gr083)dil

eoQcqeeo:tcneo

GQ prateurter$r (eqmof) J9G Flag [,roi(6)] (n) .A cloth used as a nation's (orgainization's) Synrbol. oc a. c q . oc c c cDc:lged sacof:s)ocD srcD6cD?il
Flapper [ooi<i:] (n) one that or which flaps

.u8e.p:6 fi.'5-u
Flask [oo}(8r"E)1 1n; Thermos flask
ecc8co:u

Flat [ooi(o5)J Level. smoorh

$e:eoz p!g:eo:n
Flee [ocE:] (vt. vi) To run away from

q.,5e$:og!rr Flight too?o6(s5)l (n) The trip of an airptane eti:o::$E:r


Floor [oecur(il] tn) The part of the room for walking on s33c@6:oa6:n Follow [nr-"{,] (vt) To come after; to use as a guide or rule.
e

"-,trrp$

q:cr5erc8.r5cu:oE!n

Food [o(E)] (n) nutriment; bread; diet, provisions g2O?:l grO?tt a Fool [o:(c6)] tn) Sitty stupid person; mad person
cuEcfr oog:rr Foreign I,r1q8:($)l (adj) not native exrraneous; alien t66$e:e,'$Ee orrr
eoQeqcofmeo

eu5:$ :aeoQm$ n6o3Eonnep f,B

J92

Forest teolq"E(5o5)l

tnl

u,oocls a hunting ground o>5eo>r'

Former [eolm] (adj) earlier, ..ua8cn$6ie

o:,

et:gaa1l.o

$Eeo:r'

Forward t""l.il(E)l (adj) At fiont advancing eo c3$6eo:l

(vt) aid, promote; advance


6 t cDcD

c c

e .- q.6ll sacDsreco: cJe[

Future [$1ap:] (n) Futurity, tinre to come


saq:"1o5sa31$,'

Futurity

[$lptqEd:]

(n) The tLrture


saqr,','1o5.neo:l

(G)

Gambit t;(6).D6(o5)l

tni

opening move in chess

q6- "r: g"a8,.,ioeeo: cu 3 eP:cr "En Game t85:(6)l (n) A form of plav, usually with fixed
rules.
ccccc'lccc o p: cn 6: crcn?cD eJcDJ":

Gasoline t;{:c.?E:($)l (n)

n.t

f e: cDo tbr automobiles,


o
I

a) e9

cD

oo:

ll

airplanes, etc.

n,t5n-E.,,cpr eo:,'>:to dd"-q.rS oro5$u ", General tq6+\(d)l (adj) of all or of almost all; comnron not detailed. srGco6@r saqa: sar:$$Sn-r,,
eo{cqeofqeu

Jgo

eB f;oteurto$: (eqeof) (n) General Assemblv - The rneeting of all members of the Lrnited nations to debate and
recomnre'td solulions
cn o) oJ e o sa d. o 3

I 3i

el,1e:

cl

.,S..-rS

eo.aoog!:eot o E! oco5 eorE.$:o'r (n) Highest army rank


tc,Sag6@:rr

"::

cu .r5 e;.;::

given. presenr; donation cucrS e oa8 sa$6ecr:e oe .r oE!: Giraffe t"lE\(E)l (n) the canretopard o5.ncu::sa6rr lt
,q thing
rr

Gift [o5(6ro5)] tnl

Girl [o1(c'S)] (n; damsel. maiden. miss


cf :c)2Gq):il
oc

Gist [o18(6ro8)] tnl main point, essence


oS

q3: sra

6a,116rr

clad [oQ(E)l fua;;

pleased, delighted

o6:c:aec:an

Glare t"Q(5)l (n) bright; flare; ?rflo>d sao6:eq:6rr


Glass

[oo:(6)t tnl

crystat; glazing;

9$r "$, "$coE!,-'gE!:'r Globe t""E"(6)t (n) earth. ball; sphere; crxno)lr q:EE: oJf sa qpl

Goal [8:(cS)] (n) *inning post


c oc . /o of:o)ct GO"oJ:(o:J\ eoQeqc;o:tmeo

eu5:$ :aeo{m$ nf,cE8ocmrc$

G
{o5rr

God

[";](5)l

(n

) Lord.

godhead

J9e The creater.

Superhuman

og:oa8r
Gold [3:(o56)1 (n) gilding. gilt
6Srl

Good tgoE(E)1 (adj) favourable usefirl. advanlageous


e

cna6:e c:ctt

(n) benefit; advantage; profit; gain' favor


eca:3:o$sasprr Goodby-e tSoS(E){61 (n) farewell
ne

cJ":ell:6cr)oct)ocDz:

Goodrvill tg"6(5)"8,(o5)1 (n) kindness, Benevolence a1E@pieql

(H) Habit Icfcag("S)t (n) practice; habitude, nlanner coSe I cnlsa o3 "r.og - -1r Hair [odcu::] (n) pile; fur;
ao,En
rr

Hairprn [c]or:dE($)1(n) ttuitp.n bend .o

oSoll

o@:tl I

Handsonre

t,;($:)d(6)l tuojl fine working,


looking
c qocaJ263)"ll

good

co{eqcemtcocu

J30
Hoppy

E
[4E,] (adj) cheerful,
e,1393oo:,'

prctcufo$l (eqco:t)

pleased glad

Hat [,;(o5)] (n) headcover cor,'ering for head


ea1l3:.ao:E:r p:"o3rr

Hate [ec9(o5)] (ut) dislike, hatred .l$:oEirr Haven [e<-nn$.] (n) shelter; refuge $s"$,, Hay [ecn:](n) cut and dry grass
n

-r.r5 fl t' $cr5 e $:.'5,'

Health td(c8 r5)l (n) rhe condition of the body, a good condition opposite sickness
.n1$: tlc e q: e mc3: g$ $E:rr

Helicopter [<-ic6:ecn2,-,co:] (n ) A short of aircraft that can fly straight up or straight down rvith no wings.

qcnc6.rcil
Honest Ieo:}(Erc8)l tuOjl trustworthy E:c:::e c::rr House teoa.r5(E)J (n) A building for living in; u section of the parliament '
,-tlc8e,,$' cuq5eco6rr

Human [tqn:d$] (n) man


C\)il

eu{eqco:tancu

eds$ neo{mf ofroS8ormrep (n)

[e

J3c

hLrrnan being a person

q,l
Hunror [ogn:elr:] (n) the power to cause or to
anrusement
q..Sosprr
t'eel

Hurnorous [otrn:m:q3(3)] (adj) causing anrusmenr

q,r5n"nerr" Hurry 1ca:Q:1 (w) to do or go quickly; sorrerimes roo quickly .

gggg3':od G$B$q3ogi
Husband t,D3(E)d$.(6)l tnl rhe man, a vuonran is
5

octr o: b p : s b co cr5 co 3 cor: 6 ce c c "marriedto : 3)" e cuc.,5,1a:


1

(a

6g $:

Hynrn [o3E:cE:($)] (n) a song or praise. a nrarrical lbrmular public of' rvorship
e c c3
a1

3: r 3;:

co,;n,

o E! e o:: aB

3
",1

:, c3: m

.-S o o5

$1$ 6:

rr

(l) I t43l (pron) The person who is ralking ocn:: e$reqo:: o3;$ ecaErr
Idea Is368oa:] (n) A rhought; picture in the rnind, an opr lilon
ocDcD:r s?[gp?cDil
O C (-.
c

lmperialsim td(6)E+"icuE"E:(6)1 (n) cotoniatisnr o


lo

cDcDlol3il
eoQeqeao:tooeo

o oe

J3J

pmteulter$: (egpof)

lmportant IdE6o1d$.(d)l to,tjl Har.ing grear value or eflecr


sae

q:S:eo:rr
rr

Include Id8eoo:(5)] (vt) to have as parr of orESoEo:8 . s o.r1o3 o g! lncrease tr"6($)cnq:(E)t To make or become

t*l

greater

o8:c,r:ega:6cu5og!rr (n) An increasing; the amount of an increasing o3:t,r:e srr6o6$3:rr lndustry [s?6($)s60co{r] tn) acriviry. ditigence; in

dustrial art cgcuEQcu Rl33:r sacoB@p o::$E:r cu6c$:r, Influence [sa6($)oo:.]$.(5)l (n) porver to affecr
others

-$$o"1.l' o$8:$oc'
I

nformati on

Is6:($)c,il6"

gS,($)1

(n

) nressage, advi ce,


rr

arning @:E:@::$E:
rr

ocrrE:,
Injrure

oa n

t-6'($)"lf(o1:)l (rt) Harr: harnr, insult

cE8crSp.o13e ooE!rr lnsurance tsa6($)gpo1,\$.(5)l (n) Assurance; Securiry sa:cicoa:$6:rr

Interior ts"6($)d:+cu::l (n) inner. inrernal gro16:-r,r3 $Eeorrr


eo{egmofcnS,r

ed:$ nec{m$ af,nSEorm:ep

ffi

J3?

I rrternational tsaS($)ol:e1 o3$(c,5)l (adj )

tE6o:mc$.{Ee or,,
invade

I-3($)6"(5)l (vt)
a6

oc. c c c cc s) o a s?cD c: oocDJ[:

GcDl? cJ

c
I1

nvest i gat e tsa3($)".'5oor63o5(o5)1 (vt )

o:o6:o6e ao:areStt

lsm Isa6c.3t(6)] tn) "1"rr I W T C tsQEr sEcDJ[ o3 8] laUbr) I nland water Transport corporation c c r c c r-- c c o co (r)(})06o"cG T 6crro6 q: elc:il Ueo.)c:6 q6 lg"c: c)
(J)

Javelin [o).oo>8($)l (n) A competition in throwing a long, thing spear for distance, the spear itself.
s)Go:oocuil Job
[e o1a(c5)]

(n) wort<, regular work

'

s.ro3' *Sliq$ o:ScisaocSrr


Joke
[311.(c'5)]

(n) Something said or done to produce

laugh

c r- cr-c r- c . 6f c:r [gcDcD: il "cDctg"c [3 {udge t"l3(6)l (n) Justice, unpire; bencher

oep:oS:rr
Jurnp Id1$.(3)]

(nl n jumping or Leap; spring


q$$3:"

euQegeofo:eo

r
i

J39
Jungle
eo::E.t5rr

[8
t";$.;(d)l (n) thicket of

prctcoto$r (c5pof)

rvoods

Justice tq6(E)-E(6)1 (ny tronestry; jusrness;

E:or:$6:, ca ep:gco$6:rr Justi[, toJ6(6)o>Eq6:] (vt. vi) defend, excuse, approve ?$,DF 6E?E:coea,; o8:cu E: o $l
(K)
Kaiser

[{6":1

(n) Title of former rulers of Germany and Austria. cB6ocoq6c6:$o5rr

King [cn6:(6)] tnl A Monarch, Sovereign oq6n Know [$:] (vt, vi) See; understand; perceive cSoElr 1c:cug!a:g!r c3q16:opirr Knowledge IeEro6(<fl] (n) understanding; learning;
assured belief

oe"oq)c)cDil Kremlin [cna(6)coE:($)t

t"I

kremlin palace (Moseow)

cn qE .lco E I $'

noqE(**"

{El)

eo{cqco:tmeu

eds$ neoQm$ :a6o3EonneeS EE Jt3 (L) Label [coc8";("S)] (n) piece of paper. cloth, metel,
wood

oS6"
Labor-day [ecocreqs:] (n) a day when workers ntake a public show with marches, meething etc (in north America the

first Monday in Septerlber.


s-aco6ooc:eg.rr

Last [co2(Ero5)] (adj) Latest, frnal


e

q:crSeo:$6e

o:rr

Late [eo;(o5)1 (adj) slow- longdelav


Gl2cDcDJ63)2ll

Launch [eo::E($r51)] (vt) To sent a rocket in to the air or a ship into water.
i:
<i1<.'

6o;

o5

o $,, oe t3:n

qn1

cr

rr

Law [eo:a] (n) rule. regulation body of rules.


q)6P:g()63ll

Learn 1cu"$t($)l (rt) To get knowledge of


cc oer3)c(})oe9ll

Left [cuc,5(3"8)] (n) opposite. ri'.rht side


ocAdo:,rSrr

Legal logd("6)1 (adj) ln agreement with law


cD6P:oc63J"ll
c

eo{eqeo:tooeu

J3G
Lesser Io:cr5ao::] (ad

[E

prateufer] (eqco:t)

j) Sntaller. not so nruch

$eorr ceJ):6cJ"l Lie [cSE:] (v1) resrin-r{ on sonrerhins oieopS:saqa:.u og!l (n) An untrue statelnent,ce$ocna:
(n) conOition of living, way o{ living :noeldScsee$rre grr Like [cEoS("5)J (prep ) ln the same way as
tn?<16(6),1

Life

(\'t

f e:o)il to be pleased r,iith

o"o:.n;o3o"Eog!,r
Listen tcrrEa;($)l (vt) to try to hear
E::e coa6 arp!rr

Live [coE(E)] fut, vi) To exisr, to make a home in certain place


Cc.

Loanro-::(g)l(n)Mo;1,:o?l#rll";*i',:i:fi
use tenrporarily ecrrsao:$1q$ 6o:co?:6cJ" ecr

"",:
oo$:r

I-ronely

Love [o16(6)1 (n) A kind, rvaim emotion an enrotion of great disire for someone
@3 1:8o5r alEa8 " or8o5
rr

tq:(oS:)l (Adj) Alone; wantin_e friends o Ee,pc6co E!: $Ee o:r ScEe eocEe e crln E

eo{cqe:ofmeo

eu5:$ neuQm$ n6n36ocm:e$ E0


(N4)

J3?

Madam tQd(S)] (n) respectful fbrrn of address to wonlan


s,
3trp

3:

@:

sa?: G o): 6 o): o?: 02:

jT{

cr E! ""

3!

rr

Make l8o5(d)l (vt) create. do. practise

$1o3ogirr

van t;($)1 (n) Human beings' male qr q(cqr:) Manager IQe1o,1:] (n) A person responsible for
controlling a business
o$e q.,1crr

rvrap

ti(6)l

(n) A picture of part or all of the earth'


NEE.'

March 1"r:(51)1 (vt) to go to a military-rvalk, to go in


groLrp
o

E.:r$ $

E 31

o:.'5

o pi', -

9c8

t6 31- t'5

p!

"

Marine t"qt($)l (n) A soldier in the American

nar'ry

san"{-$ns1o6"6o::rr
Mayor
[e

c:ore] (n) The chief official of a city

$1."-5"$', (vt) To intend to say' express Mean t8,($)l saEocosecjf cu8n"':E e$roglrr Measure tlsptl (w) To tlnd the size or amount
sa g.S oa ort c3 e

"r:3

oB 3:

o $',

eo{eqmofeneo

J30)
e

frctecnte{r (eqmof)

N4edical tdsSc;(cS)l (adj) about N4edicine N4edicine t+Eo3:($)l (n) -t'he science
ep.,'lcn

o:$.ocf dEec::r, of curing

disease Tlre drugs used to cure disease.


mo o $e eo:rr Meet [8(o5)] twl to come face to lace nor.eoop!rr Member [d(6)o::] (n) one person who belongs to a qr0up
e e q: o e qpo1l

p"r

sad.o8srSaq8
N,tembership [A(6)coa:$(3)]

<JloSorr

fnl Being a member


gaa>6:c:o:rr

Memory taQ,ir]' (n) Faculty of recalling remembrance eo5go6,'

(n) Inlormation sent by a person oEp:o: E"o:c6.n eo:Beoc ocr:E:rr Method tic:6(5)l (n) A wav of doing something. a
eo:(<51)J

Message fde

svstent
o:Ea a$1o:6o

g! 1 g!:oq 5rr

Midnight telE(E)$d(oE)l (n) rwetve o'clock at night


pgao..'5s5qet1o{$rr

Minister [cSgEoo:] (n) rnember of minisrry

"$6,
eoQeqe:ofmeu

eu5:$ neo{m$ n6o3Eocmre$

J3e

\4inority [eEg:q6o3:] (n) A group that is less tlian half


of the whole group
u1c3"$'

%$"qd o3dn-E q::| q1g!:gu

(N)
Name 1.q:(6)1 (n) Title: Surname. Nicknarle sac$rr

(r,t) call; entitle; call bY' name

1:"$e o:o$,r
Nation

t.t,i($)l

(n) State; nationality

{E'$$,
N at ionl i st t$ nE:,q co

$6el

E(Ed)

(n) support er ofi nati onli sm

-{pottne1o1"
Nature [e1a,1c:] (n) The whole universe and every
created thing.
cJcD2Ol cJaD"ocD6P:{l

Necessary i|;aocfu1 (n) Which has to be done;


essential

oQ*6og!s"GpJ":rr Negotiate h8:qc<l>(o5)l twl Treat, bargain. procure

I Neutral to6co\(cS)l (adj) neuter; of neither party;


indifferent
@e:e qe oel

eoo6oo:.s:o:2!rr

eoQcqeotoocu

p:ateufo$r (egp:o:t) JGo \er,'er [$oa:] (adv) not ever. at l1() tlme
J)OJ6CD?QII .J
c

Next l$.(o516o5)l (ad1) Near ro. nearesr. close ro eqc"5o:3$6e o:rr Night [tc'S(d)l (n) night-time; darkness.

e3"3Jg(e)l

(o)
oasis [s3e saeoE(6)] (n) fertile place, with rvarer. in desert
a

clcngeqsagSrt.''
obedience

[{'3:E:-S(E)]

s1.n$$ogicf p' (n) respect. duty;

"q-6t,

durifulness

q:ier

c8cr5q:orl

obedient [{:'3:E:<li($ o5)] (aOj) dutitut; respecttut g:5e o:r oS.8greo:r dp6e crcrr obeisance [{e co:ad($16)] tn) bow. salutation, courtesy
p:"

", fl "rnoe,,,:$E:,r obey [s3eca:] (vt, vi) to act upon. do what one is told to do
ocrr: f oE!, sa8$ge5 o Eir, ":cco"E object [e sa:(c5)o,1cr5(d)l tn) thing, reality parricular,

a16:g.6$

alm
e?

cpocDp qg! g,$

a,1.'5,,

eo{egeortaoeo

e6:$

saeoQm$

n6cElrocmu$ E0 JG" (vt) Sav that rs not in favour ol'sonrething. disappror e


cDl.%cDa)eil
ccc

obiector [esa2(c5)o1c'5o:a] (n) person who objects


m$.qcr5cl'r

observer [e saa(cS)e":

oa:

] (n) Spectato r, ooker-o


I

n,

on-looker
6c\)CO"CJil

odyssey [esa2s6S:] (n) long adventurous journey

nt'pqlrr

ok Id:eea] abbr. all right, (correct)


e

.nc3:$rr

on-looker

l*i($)q;m::l
6lc

(n) Spectator, observer

owner [ogtp1 (n) holder; possessor oc c oc il


(P) Pack [d(c,5)] (n) bundle, package parcel ga"o6"

paddy [dE:] (N) rice that is still growing, r"ice rn the husk
oo'1,,,

palace [<)ecu:(8)J (n) olTical residence of a sovereisn,

bishop
g $:

"

caErr

eo{eqe:ofaneu

rGr
panacea

El
[did:]
"1)l

prctcurte{: (eqcof)

panda fd($

(n) remedy fcrr all troubles, disease gG.ft e spol sa::o5:e<.po5e ao: (n) mammal like a bear of ribet and
rr

china
<.rE

s'loaE6l

(n) (child's word for) father 6ooor saeo@:l papermoney [eo:<ird$$:] (n) currency note
papa
[o1o11]

cocDfl

paradise t,)i?o6(6)l (n) Heaven, the garden of Eden, home ofAdam and Eve

patron

ti-i.($)l

gc$' ec,15g8 epeE epr e s E go,plrr (n) guardian


$

oScE$:o' ?"cucDl
power [<io1] (nl strengrh cc ef sr":t oo:s)a:il prize [o$c,5(d)t t"l A reward. especially for competation

EIE{6n"Eo6qnoro,,
professor [ofi:ocf eoa] (n) Alearned man who teaches I in a university
ocncSc''5,r1lec:can

punish J"$:1E($)J (r,t) To give painuo someone who has done wrong.
saer::$1cu3

oc,3 sa$6e":op!

rr

eoQcgeofooeo

eu5s$ neoQm$ nfrnSEormmS

rGe

(Q)

qualifl' [q:co6Q8:] (vt, vi) to render capable or suit able or to soften to reduce the strensth C r C C g)qes2eJc:f. f C.

E8oc)eil

quality Iq:co6d1 (n) property, kind;capacity, degree of merit

quarrel tq": \(oS)1,",

s1$-q6:, srco$:sa"r:r oo6o gprr

!'X.lrl::::: ::*.. acDqf [goo":13c:il


t"i
Words requesting knowledge

queq

t'(i)l

(n) The wife of a king


c2q6cr Eoep:u

question tq";(E)o8($)t

queue

[-q]

(vt)

et,':3$:r Qo6:$6:n Line of people,

o$:8og!rr
quiet [{1o5.r>d(o5)] (n) A peacetul conditron
JOC C nC

[9():eJe:Bc:il

quotation [q$n-toE:($)1 (n) reference; rale; current


price
cE:

cnc:

$c

a.;

cE r cE: crra:

o$

ocrr::

eq:s$:

e..oE$a;crSn

coQcqemtmecr

.lGE

EA

f:atemto$r (cqmof)

(R) Rador

[eqsl] (n) Radio equipment ro detect ships,


airplanes, etc.

qr:.E . -r.r5 o: 6: o $ e qs''hi Radioactive [e ey 8o3doE(3)1 (adl ) Producing dangerous waves of energy; such
e

J:a elp: r e o:.-u:

as radium does.

szgg,rS$E eoop! e:oSsa::c88:qr:rr Reactor [q":d(c,5)or] (n) An aromic pile to produce and control atomic energy sa cn$tro: oE sa:: co o5 cD 3 oE : cS 6: cr plocrS $ Rebel I e1d("S)] (n) To revolt against the government; to oppose authority
rr

*Q,q4

o$cn$ogi1>o$rr c,'o58oplr ooSqerE$rr

Recognize Iq"Enm2$.'5(E)] (vt) realise, acknowledge Refugee tt1,$n8;J (n) A person who has lost his home

or his nation
Reject Report

tiq;(d)l

"?,"36() 46:gdaB6ail (vt) retuse, decline; veto


$6:".:5og!rr OT":nce;.adverrise; tell srroqcaogil

tq.r:l('8)l,",

euQeqmofooeu

e$r$ neo{m$

n6n3Eoemeep

E
.

lGl
o?e tot'SooSo $n erElrr

Rescue 1qd(E)c,r1B1 (r,t) To save a person from

danger coEp:.oE.,>cc8svr:

GcD! e

Resign tqr$6t($)l (i,t) To quit one's job

oq69s"Eqc,5
Restore

i"4tl

(vt) To return something; to bring it


back

-6ttd $$e,r:op!r -6tt4


Result 1{e'6(6o5)1 (n) The effect: answer deepc,Egr rae$rr Return

0$"?-*

t fo-$t($)l (vt)

To go violentlv or quickly
e

q@:c,7"5$:cm:og!rr Rush t6t6($)l (n) the act of rushing


"q:@:c,7o5$rq::$6:rr

(s)
sad

t{(E)l

(adj) unhappy causing an unhappy


feeling
o6:1

E!:eol
o,;

o6:q g!:eocc)?rr
G.D: srg6po5 cn E: n cr:n

safe [eao-(6)] (adj) giving protection


Eo5 qe

oor

satellite tdd("8)qcr5(o8)l (n) a body rotating round a planet;Moon Secondary Planet.

6tdqu
co{eqcofmeo

f,Q $a8eufa:p JGG save [ee9(6)J(vt) protecr from harm


cnoSo:6
n

(cneof)

o glr cncs eo.$o g! scientist t{6:<r)oE(6cS)l (n) An expert in one of the


Sciences
c36<rgooE,r

secret [S:mqcr5(oE)] (n)


cu sa

t"pt fiom public knowledge


E:

gc: tl a3 e gac 6 ofi cr5 co:: ;o $

r oi;o.r5

a; cr5

rr

secrerary [eoc'5cnqcr5di] (nl A person employed to write letter, order; records and the like.
rao16:e
S

epeprr

ecretary General I o cf cn qc,5 d q:,iJ.i q,S(oS) ( n 1 ) The leading executive official of the United Nations
cD c,.> cJ c o

s) a: 6:

ep

cp

a,;16

l .(.

Security Ioc,ScnipqEo3:] (n)

t.r.f1,,

qBL?r' c'Jblcq:il Security counci I Iocr5cqp qScE:eco:6: ed("S)t t" I In the United nations, the commitiee r.vhich recommends action in time of danger

6cD:sagqpo5cntregc,58tr$$ eeor6 gcrSq$

o:o$

q9o5 co:qec)cr cDora)elg*g.6

Senate tS$o5(o5)l (n) In America, rhe gpper house of congress

-G1n

qn-"6E,,

ec

{m$$ gi o

co

c,Sgo8e coErr

co{eqcaofmeo

eu5:$ neoQm$ n6o3EormmS

rGz

Senator [aSepcaa] (n) A member of the state r,co.r5g"SecoEgaeo5', Serious taE:Epo6(E)l tuajl important; earnest; dangerous.
e

*gfd
Sun [eo$:($)] (n)

oc: 1.r5 e o:rEo5 grc: co

cr5

ol

q2:cc)"1

rn.

great body in the sky that gives

earth light and heat.


cD?ecu?cD@:sar: ooc8:e q:E-i.

*?

eroSe,r:ecrc eqc6:rr
system to6(E)o>6(6)1 (n) A group of things working smoothly together; an organized way ofwork-

ing or doing something c c o o o c c coc cDoc f :ceqrql:cD ccDrc:tf 8o c?os c o"of

oil

q6{E1Ei:rr

(r)
Table

[ecn:si(.6)l tnle desk of wood for eating; working etc: oo:9il (n) Table-cloth (eo: d(oE).D cE"(aS) \c
o?:0ac:il o
\c

(n) Table-spoon (ecn: d("S)"g($))

o":8cf:il

co{eqeoforco

JG"
Technical

fntecntr:$
industry

(eqeaof)

td(dh6d(os)1 (aaj) About Science or


dg(c3") o.,Se$.{Ee o:an

Technician to;(o8)f5i($)t tnl An expert rn mechanics. industry ocr5"co.6o q;6: cn;E o Technicolor td(o8)gEcnrcu:l (n) A process of producing colour film as
rr

used in cinema films. mor,ies


e

eo:eep6,i,($nE) special method o1 6cocntr$1q 3 o' $1o,16q g!'

Technique

to;(d)fE(d)l (n) fecnnical skill in art, a


u

Telegraph tdoSo{(6)l (n) Equipment lor sending .,gr:r"":"jrric wire 619:f ?:oFcDq())"il Telephone to;cE.1$!($)l (n) An instrument fbr talking by electric wires
o,-tSc'3o$:rr

Television

t
Temporary

tdo3ti($)l (n) Equipment to show


pictures a$ a distance by electronics

96$6o@::oc,5n td(6).i(Q:)l (adj) for only a short time;


opposrte permanent.
Q"oJlgoG 3)" il s, [gcD c: cq) eo{egcofoocr.r
ef-e r\ C
cD 6
C

3)?

il

eu5:$ neo{m$ sarlnS8ormrep EE Tension fd($)i($)f (n) menrat-anxier, srress


O Oco c

lGe

rerrori sr rd

6B

qs(6os)

I,:1ffi

in; terrorism rheatre [c3eo:coc:] (n) A


Trader [coe eps'L] (")

:il'f ;i
trades

l'.,0,n,

;uHoroJJ;fl|,uru

o..ro"T;nl
.n$oE!n

(u)
U-boat

tq (;)l
r

(n) German submarine

Un-o rt hodo.

-$($)"

) not i n accordance with what is orthodox; convenrional. traditional.


S:

J;:L?'i(.-)ilaaj
c,-p o5 e

ra op sa co: sa o3

u N o t.? d($)
cDg?

United Nation Organization

{l

o: l

uuur"

cu a>

co sa

$.a,116

rr

$nrestrictea

t-$($)

fo ocoqEcac,s(6)1 laoi; Without restriction (s) .n$.oo5a1o5oE.e:rl

eo{eqeofmeu

UNSC[q d($) s"d(E) El abbr


United Nations Security Council
cDg? cD crJ c: elo cu $1e
ep e

J20

p:a8cufe{e (cnmof)

cne

E Err

UnSeen ts$:($)eE:($)l (aaj) not seen; invisible

c$8t6e

o,

Unwritten tr"$($)qEd($)l tua;l not written down c6f aJeco":cc)tll


update to6(6)eg(o8)t

t"tl

bring up to date

eeo5Seoo$"
up-to-date [saScoe s(o5)] (adj) of the present time of the newest sort:

e.o56errr'. Uranus [qee1q6(E)] (n) (urt.on) planet seventh in order from the sun.
"?e

qq5(E)$1"6il

(v)
Vacancy

tcod($)Sl (n) empty post or posation


qro?:r grco6' o6cu3$E:r
oc

'vatediction fdoro5 s E(.i")

i'tffi
a3::

;loT
n'l

r-

rarewetl
ctS

$, a o5

o.nc:

rr

Vanrpire t;.(6)qE:(<lrr:)J (n) blood-sucker

ecr:o6
co{cqeofomr.r

.oo5ecn:Etr

e6:$ neu{m$ n6n36ocmrcp

J2c

Varsity [oa:aoEd] (n) University Vatican

t;"r6d($)l

ogcic,Sn (N) the vatican, the residence in

Rome of the pope. q c cr-e <...e?cDcDc C o c 9 cD 66p"nooqcD+:C)a:lg:cl tf:6cD?rr Vegetarian []31octyo]($)t t"l person who eats no
meat.

o.r5a:"5qo5"o:on
Vendetta t;($)c.,5o:a:l (n) quarel between families in which each commits murders in revenge in for prer,'ious murders:

q"p{peoc'Sq$Ef e. qoo5$E:rr Venture ti($).lrl (n) risk; danger adventure:


e

o$.o"::crr

Venus

Ig:f8(E)l (n) goddess oflove


ra Cr
a,1,ir

and beauty. planet clc

Second in order from the sun: l3"E[cn I c: 6 3)" cD l3 or Vermicelli Ioec6adcE] (n) a kind of pasta ofwhite flour made into long slender threads:
g.sa cu g cD c) 6:
6 e.:2
lr

l-

fo q O

Version 1"":g8,($)l (n) translation into another language

"$..,o8:n'L' @:eor "$.o3'

n n1c'5 agr

$96rr

co:o'$${$E:rr

eo{eqemto:eu

J?J
Verso

G0
[tur{,] (n) any left-hand
side of coin:

fratcufr:$r

(eqeacnt)

page of a book reverse

-:
veto

g, 6,

[t{J

(n) the right to prevent a law.


goe

"c

g.5 e.ap

cf

r co c,5 d oc,S r s ffl:

6 t'' $: o cB
qt

rr

so:6q3{

-::S:i

E":2i", 3f -t

(w) To use the veto

t{st"a"rq:or$rr
Voluntary [eoEco$.co{:] (adj) Acting freely without being forced, Done freelY

no"oqco$-6:

o: 6srr:no:Gc)?rr

Vote tQ(c8)l (n) Giving an opinion by ballot. a person's

opinion recorded bY vote.

Voter

[8.-"]

(n) person who (by rights) votes'

-4

dEqqt'

Saose o:c:tt

(w)
Wait [e9(o5)1 (n) staying; waiting c nc
G02coo:[3lc:ll

(W, vi) watch; look; staY cr- q-c c Waiter \o

co"Qoer Go2clgecrPrr
oa:o@:ll ol

q..

[eg(or)l (n) Attendand; Servant: Salver:

Waiteress [eocaqc'5(E)] (n) f"rnule waiter \oOe otr:gco:srqFOc:rr


eo{eqeo:toter.r

e$s$ neo{m$ n6o36orm'e$ G0 Walk [e o1(c,5)] (vt) To go on foot slowly


co6:eo9;ecr5o$rr

J2?

(n) rr journey on foot

o:6:eop.Setyrr Walking-stick IeollcnE:(6)"cD6(d)] (n) a stick that you


carry and use as a suppon when

you are walking o3:e olect5coo5l Walkie-talkie [edc'3:reoracE:] (n) portable two-way Radio Set (colloq)
o.na:. $a o cr5 War [eo1] (n) A condition of fighting between nations or between groups in a nation
6: n c.rr1c.,5
rr

6cc

OC.

a?

ad

c: aJc:( a)J 6 c c cDoa e,

C / O\ OC.

%c:

C C C g)ooD q c: eJc:

{c'5ic,5c>g:o5}il
Warship t..ilflE(6)l (n) Ship for use in war
oof,)63D?ll

Wartime t6{146:(6)l (n) Time when there is war

oSgao:3:-to:,'
War-widow [eo1oE$:] (n) Woman whose husband has been killed in war.
. \ C\ C C C C O ooosroc:3 cDJ o:a63)f oo3)2:q?:el c\fe :co:cil Weapon tE,g$l (n) A thing for killing or wounding

c ccr6o6if r

cr) 6Plsoco

r-c

c qf

secr:[g[3r

. r-

gcDmf

cD

c
ri

co{eqeofo:co

J29

CA

p;o8emto$: (eneeof)

Welcome t;(cS)cn6:(6)l (ut) greet, received; bidwelcome; @1SoE!rr

(n) greeting. salutation.


@1S$3:'r (a) Gladly received; acceptable; pleasing

o6:o:or@1Se o:lr

w H O [socu,11

"3"E({)

4]

uUU.

Worl d Health Organization

mg2cn1$:cr:n$-i.
Worship t.itq8(6)l (n) qep,fli:66:rr &S:oegl Wrong 1e ep($rS)J (adj) opposite right; not con.ect; not honest, not moral:

cn$eocr c$: o::e c>:n Wrong-doer [oep($16)s:o]l (n) Sinner: evil doer: criminal
sr: a)?r
elel$

elecnrE:c$1o.:6orr

(x)
x-mas td6(c6r6)cd(E)t (abbr) Christmas
e

oo()cD lo

il

x-ray [s36(.'5,E)nq1 (n) rontgen rays

ep6Ed' (vt) examine, treat; photograph with x-rays o:o5c$fi.'5oplrr xylo-phone t{E'{.f$'($)l (nl a musical insrrumenr
eco5o$e
eoQeqemtoocu

eu5s$ neoQm$ n6n36ocmup made of

[B

two rows olrvooden bars of different lengths that you hit wirh trvo small sticks. oBoJ":il (Y)
yacht [e 9("6)] tnl a light and quick sailing vessel used for pleasure or sailing
sa e qE E: gcr5

J?3

e c5c c..S

rr

(vt) to sail a yacht. gcf cr e cSr o e c,158: o g! year [c8:(<l:r:)l (n) A measure of time, I 2 monrhs.
rr

caEo,.risEcur o6aErr yearly [..,3:cu::(cE:)] tuOjl Every year; once ayear. s6op$Eeoar oEo 6coEa1$Eeoeu yen td($)l (n) currency of .tapan ct- c. oJof Eecr:Gcrr yes [oc'S(E)] (int) yea:aye:ay:

qdd',
yesterday [oc6(E)co:e s:] (adv) (on) the day before today
o6l.cDfl

Y M C A IQE d(6) E

(on) the day just past esal (abbr) young Men's


Christian Association.

q6..r::$orc,.rStlp:

sa

o6:n

eo{eqcoforeo

J2G youth

Cg
te(d)l

p:oEeurto$: (eqeo:t)

(n) Childhood, teens cuSg.Seoar cuc.-Srr

yuan [.136:($)]

(t'l Currency of China


-oo5t3do::ngr

Y W C A tq6 3oc'q[ E esa] (abbr:) Young wonlan's chri stian Association:


a

qEoc$

sa8trp

oE:

cuc.-r5g::

sao

E:n

(z)
Zebra [&cog:] (n) A wild animal ofAfrica of the horse bribe with black and white stripes.
Q6:cq::rr

Zebra-crossing [&oep:, ae epo8:(6)] (n) pedestrian crossrng. cu5:$oScn:op$

q[:@::r

Zero [&fi:] (n) Nought the figure 0

?eil
Zigzag te,6(6){6)l (n) Line of path that turns right and left alternately at sharp angles
s)
6

cD.s)

cD:.r5 o16: e@c8:


g>

rr

Zip code c,6(6) c8"(E) (n) (US post code)


oDcDcD rttJ g g_r
cJ:

o c c q)G(Ty)a g)ooD g) 3)?:

il

Zoo

[g]

(n) Zoological gardens.

oEqg:$gopprr Zoologist [gecuaol3(Eo5)] (n) One skilled in zoology occc o)6B"t6o3cae:cDJccJil


eo{egeo:tmeo

eS:$ neu{m$

:afro36ocmne$

J22

APPENDIX II
American States

-n"{-$$E!EoSq::rr

1.

2. i. Arizona [oo5{:&q::] 4. Arkansas [sacm$eor] 5. California [cn..Sc83:$:oe:] 6 Colarado [ecoEco:spQ1 7 . Connecticut [q$1cr5o:6cno5] 8. Delaware IsoScuooSor] 9. Florida [,recoEQcl]
I

Alabama [ocSoSca::cr:] Alaska [ococr58ma:]

0. Georgia [eof 31<u:]

ll

Hawaii [cnQE:s8] l2 ldaho t{Esl,-q:l l3 lllinois to6c8$18:l I 4. lndiana [saEEoc:q::] l5 Iowa [d8sfl:o1]

I6
I

Kansas 1ca$:oo8(6)1

7. Kentucky [cn8oc'5c8] I 8. Louisiana [qo68o:e:1e:]

le

Maine [8$:]
eo{eqeaofo:eo

J?O 20 Maryland [eelQo:$]

pntcufo$l

(eqeaof)

2 I . Masserchusette focrSao:a;peocr5]

22 Michigan [c6,{o$]
23. Minnesota [c8:g,-'Sd:coe:] 24 Mississippi [el6Eo66] 25. Missouri [c6gq:J 26. Montana [g$ciq::] 27. Nebraska [qoSco qp(6)ca::] 28. Nevada [EoSo::s1] 29. New Hempshire fgor: ..,:6(6)66:,::::l 30 New Jersey [1o:op$1 31. New Mexico

1q.r:egd{l

32. New York [9o:ecur.rS] 3 3. North Carolina [e$rcr5cnoSfi o83:Ec:] 34. North Dacota ["Fd s1:c8co::]

35 ohio I{{6,.,i'1
36. Oklahoma [s3cno:r,:3en:] 37. Oregon [esaSQo$] 8. Pennsylvania [<-,Eao6o:eo:$:oe:] 3P Rhode Island [g"53'
3

{3o:$t

40. South Carolina [eco:6 m.SEcEE:g::] 41. South Dakota feco:E e1:cr3co:] 42. Tennessee [or,-SEcr5d:]
43. Texas fo:crScn
eocrS]

eoQegeortmeo

eds$ neu{m$ nfro36ocm:c$


44. Utah [,.:g:caa:]

tE

J?E

45. Vermont toag$(os)l

46 Virginia [o:Ep$:oa:] 47 Washington [o1fl6o$]


48. West Mrginia [oeq:c'S v:3g$:o::] 49. Wisconsin [ogq$eo8]
50. Wyoming IQE si:tl6:1

eo{eqeeofmeu

ed:$

neoQm$ nhcEEocmteS

Joc

APPENDIX III
Abbreviations
"

g,

o3

e.nc

cr5

o:

o5: clc:

"

tAl
A-bornb

atomic bomb
s2c?t9ll?:

AA

Autonrobile Association
c

ccc\ u) G a) a): g, 3) c:

3? o.ll

AAA
a,

Amatcur \thletics Association


ccc\ rae c.1ico 6::ra?: cDo": s? 3)c: s? o.ll

c;

acc(t)

account
6():

qf{c)ej qqt 6c o2qc:

c/ o\

rr

AD

Anno Dotnint
a

ADB
I

q6eo:3.dl$:.nro:rr Asian Developntent Bank


saco,!.$1:e qcro3rr

a.m.

ante meridiem before noon.


o$:"oi3"a31$rr

amp.
anon.

ampere (sa68cu:) o13o6e1o5 sro83: sto::rr


anonylnous

E!

"e "5$

c>or

sac$o.rS-"t n J",'

eu{eqe:o:tcneu

JOJ
appro:

lQ
approval
c:6.D2o?AeQa1.'5rr

p:ateufa{r

(e51mo:t)

approx.

approximately $:cn6grr a$.eo:cfn April


e$curr

Apr:

ASEAN
APC
asst:

Association of South East Asian Nations "rae q eo::6 oeot66gc:ga1)E:"

Asian and pacific council

*rgi.
Augl
AV(e)

oEEoBecn:EErr

assistant
cu.r5e cor.zSl

August
Soo5curr Avenue

{6occu6:n

(B) B A(cB)
Barr
Bachelor of arts c3esaSgcQ.r Barrister
GA

cfil

BBC:
(.DcDoJ
/ e ee\

British Broadcasting Corporation

$o3otrooco"rB.u
eoQcqcofmeo

eu5s$

neo{m$ ntSnS8ormieS @ Jo? Before the birth of Jesus Christ B.C:

(dB) B.Ed: / e e e\ (coeA:5J B.Litt: B.M.H


(S
(c3

aqEeo:Eeef8"a3,1iu Bachelor of Education o oc \ oe"cq:ocT oF2?. Bachelor of Literature


Base

(c3arE(oS) "on,r{EepEp.

Military HosPital

s"E(6) sE6(50 oEeao:qy B.O.A.C British oversea Airways Corporation

c3{esa8 eo:e@r8:cnt;c8rr B.Sc:(G.B) Bachelor of Science. (d s.;(E) E) d e,d(E) 3 c3aQ.r, British Summer Time B.S.T: "?
nsa

8)

(S

"?cS(6)

;)$'3$$Ee

ng.pc3",31$

tcl
/9

c.r.A (us) losc6s?J


/e oce\ .(oc?caJ C-in-C
0c \

Central lntelligence Agency.


('cD c corcD cD c: 6 6l: s, o.ll

occ\

crD(GB)
te c /c\ g)c:$/ e\

Criminal lnvestigation Department


GPcocDcac:
cccc
6

@?cD(u():6 6t 921

ll

(o

oJ

Commander-in-Chief co oo6c)l"ooD
Care

c/o:
COD

of
c

cr)ocil

Cash on Dilevery
eo{cqeemtmeo

Jog
cr: CS

ocDoqc:6o:[3c:il creditor

O C .

r-c

E[

prctecnta:$ (eqeaof)

Civil Surgeon . cr-.e 6o:8s)olg:lt

"@:o6r'

tDl
D-day

Day on which a course of action is


planned to start.
C c ocDo[g:ocDceg6til Dichl oro- Diphenyl-trichloroethane. O C\l.-

DDT:
(33q)J
te e e\

E:oo5eeo:rr

DEM
tQ

Democracy:
c/c\\

13

sr: s?c[cJj

Edqc
oloil

,la1uSoEeF"E-d
"i6ntr16g

DEP e e\ (3 sr: oJ
te

DG:
D Litt: D PhiI
Dr ,'

Diploma in Economic Planning I e. oc 0:()":6 6f o(Jcr)f: e o 3ocucDil Director General g$@::ne1'gf aJt6 Doctor of Literature
oc oaGooc P
G 3

4 C

tcDCD93D.il

Doctor of Philosophy

3O)fo.l cDolqoJ).il
Doctor c o6Polil
eo{eqeo:toncu

euSs$

neo{m$ ninS8ormceS f,B


East

Jo3

tEl
E:

EC:
Ed:

sr60 il Executive committee

grcu6.rr.-rEn
editor

EEC:

-,rSEco,
European Economrc Community (the common market) (geepocoeq:sad.) European Free Trade Association
g e ep
<,r

(sE:sE:E)
EFT
(

A:

d: s d(S)o3e sa)

cu cE oc 6 e

oa

n?$

d.

sa

E:

(*8.)
Eng. E.R:

England co c.

sroc\)faccil
Elizabe"h Regina, Queen Elizabeth o ce f- c c c 3 cD ()J 68DcD sa ocDe.DcD aD qc ()il Electric Supply Board

("3:oe)

ESB.

(3E:vac6(6)S) o;16oEmo5 sac: e,r: e q: rad.rr E S T: (US) Eastern Standard Time (sE:sc6(6)oE) oec {cn $ gre o o33:,i'ecoESg$
I

eoQeqeofmeu

J'G
tFl
F

E
Fahrenheit

pntcufer$:

(e51mo:t)

,:q8:,.{c,S
F

9"148

Female
8$:cne cu:rr

FAO:
(

Food and Agriculture Organization.

o o:: ra or g E E cr5 3,1p e q: sa d.'r F.B.l(us) Federal Bureau of lnvestigation (", d(S)e3 4 E ) o e e {cn $ $ Eie coc E ot d' o6: e co""5 o9 6: eqo$.rr
r,
c,5 (

3) e sa s3

cng2

F.O.

(G.B)

Foreign Offrce

t66$r:e

e1:$:rr

F.R.S:
(s".6(6'
tGl
G:

Fellows of the RoYal SocietY -"S(S) qq8r nq8"gioo5oc'5ea>t


gad oEoelp:n

g'o8:

Great
t-e r- c

[g:13cDcc)"il

GA

General Agreement.
s,

GATT
te e e\ (oJ6srcDcDJ

q c o n co, ca p! a1.t5 General Agreement on Tariffs and


6
n

Trade.
c c c saemacn3{,9g o?i?<rc?qcep c c oc
c?GoB

cq
GC E:
(oJoc?:/
/ee e\

orc.D""opiq.tSn General Certificate of Education sa 6qc3 o e" q: G srr8 o:,t5


"o8,,

eo{eqmoforco

eds$ saeu{m$ nfroS8ocmseS G0 General Head Quarters GH Q


(3Js36(5J),'"J[)

Jo?

GN4: (3Jc?6(6))

oc o())g"laJ[o General Manager.


s'ae

GN
te

P:

oecoc$6f oJ?l Gross National Product.


5ec

(oJ3?c(fJoJ

c/c\e\

GPO: ("JOTJ
/
e

c 9. c cc r-c ccD?ei 3?tgc:oJc:cocDcDl ll General post office oc.


ocDq)cDcD[9:ll

e o\

cr-p

GTI
(oJcDs?cJ

/e e oc\

Government Technical Institute. gc ce c c o sa o: qocDccD cDc c?coJc f ())"6cDJ"c: ll

tHl
H: Ha

Hour
frq(s"EJ$) Hectare(s)

H-bomb: H.M: H.M.S


(S
S(SJ)
S

-cf-ru
Hydrogen bomb o c o c. ())cDsSoJco:ll His/FIer Majesty

q/ lccc seqcc)ecil Qcn


His/FIer Maiesty's service

HP

"r

(S),".6(E)

Horse power

q/"t " 6 o qE o a 6 itrgac co 6: I

HQ

$6:ecn:Ee qsa::rr Head Quarters


grq.tr16n

eo{cqco:tmeo

Joo
I_TRH

gJ

p:atecntr:$: (eqmurt,1

His/Her Roval tiighness (d 3({) -",.45({) :', qE 8 oa: gei e.ce: o c6ce: tlre:'

tll
I

lsland

IAEA

%ll:
lnternational Atornic Energy Agency *0d0d{s q, sacn$p6:sa', n ",.1!E lnternationalBank und R..onrtruction and Development (world Bank)

(fj:-

IBRD

d'" -)

(sBEc3s'a8)
I

-$dEd{Ssp
6.$1: e q:

$$op!coecoc8esyg
n

C.A.O
CIT

o c6) Inrernation Civil /\viation Orsanizao6(.ng2

tion

({:E::{) I
0
IDA
(s?c acerJ
/ oce \

-Gd0d{sqe

g;geoe@:E:ga.).

lnrernational commiision for the liter_ national Trades organization.


ecaEcq6s>d.il

({3E{303{) -Gd0d{S

"?$tdeq:o,}.ep:6

*0d0d{6 q: o3:coc,56.$1:e q: sad.,r IFC International Finance coporation ' (T3^-;(5)B) sgd0d{sr capoe epec'EEeep oE:,,
l.L.O. International Labour Organization' (:: :d(*)s8) $secocnr gao:6oc::gad.n I M.F International Monetary Fund.
s"

lnternation Development Agency.

({E

3(6)erd(S) t 66 coc,:a.c

e@: q$ 6ec sad.rr

eo{cqeofooeo

eu5:$ neu{m$ nt1o36ocm:eS LE

Jog

l Nl C'O

({Ss"S(S)S4)-&ded d.3 q'


I TO [3?c o)
t oc
e

iovernmental l\larit ine I nternational cosultatir c org.itttizitl ion


(

sa8:qe

qe

@r3:

saoES,rEisa,).'' -[electlntmunication orsaI nternational

nization

"?) -gd$d{3sP glo


ll

e@:9$' -c,So.lSnq

trl
Jan

January "$1,iIQ..> Jesus Christ


6qrQaqoil
c

JC

]P:
Jr.

Justice
Juni

of

Peace
ep:rr

$6:q6:od o

Ju.

or c,Seorc,' Jury orsp:o:S:sad.''

'IK]
K
Key
1)?ll

KGB
ee ccDoJ3)

lntelligence AgencY of the Russia


6] 6rt":

co"

cD O) e: 6 6[

cc\

9) 0.ll

eoQcqxofenco

Jeo tLl
L Lake
c 6qmlil

GA pnEeufe{: (cqeof)

Lib
L.P:

Liberty
cDcDcuo[3c:il
c cric

Labour Party
nco:orar'lo3

LLB:
LLD:

Bachelor of Laws
Eoe sEcncrad.rr

Doctor of Laws

coesoloood L LT O'

rr

tMl
M: Member \c gro
o. ocil

M.A
M.com: M.Ed

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