Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 2

-

Puck has two natures; he is Robin Goodfellow, who is a good-natured spirit, and Puck, who is a devil one of the arguments which Kottt uses is that he can multiply himself, which is a trait of the devil. Also, Kott states that MND is a predecessor of The Tempest, and that Puck's double in TT is Ariel, who can also multiply himself. They can both change shapes, but what is most important is that they set things in motion. Moreover, Puck, just like Ariel, is the one who controls people, or rather ushers them in particular course of action, he is the director of the events in the forest, Kott says 'he pulls the characters on strings'. One of many contrasts in this play is the one between love and eroticism. Love is in this plays extremely idealized, it's very sudden, it's the ultimate love at first sight, and from the moment two persons fall in love, or even lay their eyes on one aonther, everything else disappears. On the other hand, there is very strong, brutal image of eroticism and pleasusre and desire. Four lovers, not two pairs, appear, and they are all interchangable. As characters, they are very much alike and

they don't have anything particular to distinguish them from one another. It appears that each of them loves the nearest person, which is exactly how Shakespeare put it, Lysander falls in love with the first person he sees, which happens to be Helena.
-

There is a secondary meaning of certain parts and persons in this plays. For example, the Indian boy which causes a conflict between Titania and Oberon. It is presimed that MND was staged for the first time at the wedding of Earl of Southampton's mother and that the Indian boy, whom Oberon was very fond of, was supposed to be a metaphor for the Earl and his being homosexual, because Titania and Oberon could have gotten into fight over anything and this choice is rather peculiar under these circumstances. But the Earl is not the only one Shakespeare aimed at in this play. Most of the characters are promiscuous and are supposed to represent a real person present at the staging. We have Hyppolita who used to be a mistress of Oberon, and Theseus, who used to be a lover of Titania, Titania's episode with Bottom in the form of a donkey,

but I'll come back to that. During the night of the solstice, everybody behaves loose and not according to the rules of social conduct, they drink and dance and wake up with a hangover and lingering feeling of shame. However, not all metaphores are decripted and they probably never will be, but those who saw the play at that wedding knew exactly who they were about.
-

- At the end of the first scene of the first act, Helena gives a soliloquy, which is the voice of the author and he declares there that the theme of the play is love and that love is blind. It is stated here that love doesn't see with eyes, but with mind. And according to the neoplatonist vision of love, love is above intellect, and pleasure below it. Kott argues that the top and the bottom are the same thing, or rather bottom is a reflection of the top, because love becomes pleasure and vice versa. Pleasure becomes the guide for the misteriousness of love, which is blind.

Оценить