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Titrations Practice Worksheet

Find the requested quantities in the following problems: 1) If it takes 54 mL of 0.1 M NaOH to neutralize 125 mL of an HCl solution, what is the concentration of the HCl?

2)

If it takes 25 mL of 0.05 M HCl to neutralize 345 mL of NaOH solution, what is the concentration of the NaOH solution?

3)

If it takes 50 mL of 0.5 M KOH solution to completely neutralize 125 mL of sulfuric acid solution (H2SO4), what is the concentration of the H2SO4 solution?

4)

Can I titrate a solution of unknown concentration with another solution of unknown concentration and still get a meaningful answer? Explain your answer in a few sentences.

5)

Explain the difference between an endpoint and equivalence point in a titration.

Dilutions Worksheet
1) If I add 25 mL of water to 125 mL of a 0.15 M NaOH solution, what will the molarity of the diluted solution be?

2)

If I add water to 100 mL of a 0.15 M NaOH solution until the final volume is 150 mL, what will the molarity of the diluted solution be?

3)

How much 0.05 M HCl solution can be made by diluting 250 mL of 10 M HCl?

4)

I have 345 mL of a 1.5 M NaCl solution. If I boil the water until the volume of the solution is 250 mL, what will the molarity of the solution be?

5)

How much water would I need to add to 500 mL of a 2.4 M KCl solution to make a 1.0 M solution?

Concentration Worksheet
1) How many grams of beryllium chloride are needed to make 125 mL of a 0.050 M solution?

2)

How many grams of beryllium chloride would you need to add to 125 mL of water to make a 0.050 molal solution?

3)

The density of ethanol is 0.789 g/mL. How many grams of ethanol should be mixed with 225 mL of water to make a 4.5% (v/v) mixture?

4)

Explain how to make at least one liter of a 1.25 molal ammonium hydroxide solution.

5)

What is the molarity of a solution in which 0.45 grams of sodium nitrate are dissolved in 265 mL of solution.

6)

What is the mole fraction of sulfuric acid in a solution made by adding 3.4 grams of sulfuric acid to 3,500 mL of water?

7)

What will the volume of a 0.50 M solution be if it contains 25 grams of calcium hydroxide?

8)

How many grams of ammonia are present in 5.0 L of a 0.050 M solution?

Solutions to the Titrations Practice Worksheet For questions 1 and 2, the units for your final answer should be M, or molar, because youre trying to find the molarity of the acid or base solution. To solve these problems, use M1V1 = M2V2. 1) 2) 0.043 M HCl 0.0036 M NaOH

For problem 3, you need to divide your final answer by two, because H2SO4 is a diprotic acid, meaning that there are two acidic hydrogens that need to be neutralized during the titration. As a result, it takes twice as much base to neutralize it, making the concentration of the acid appear twice as large as it really is. 3) 0.1 M H2SO4

4) You cannot do a titration without knowing the molarity of at least one of the substances, because youd then be solving one equation with two unknowns (the unknowns being M1 and M2). 5) Endpoint: When you actually stop doing the titration (usually, this is determined by a color change in an indicator or an indication of pH=7.0 on an electronic pH probe) Equivalence point: When the solution is exactly neutralized. Its important to keep in mind that the equivalence point and the endpoint are not exactly the same because indicators dont change color at exactly 7.0000 pH and pH probes arent infinitely accurate. Generally, you can measure the effectiveness of a titration by the closeness of the endpoint to the equivalence point.

Dilutions Worksheet - Solutions


1) If I add 25 mL of water to 125 mL of a 0.15 M NaOH solution, what will the molarity of the diluted solution be? M1V1 = M2V2 (0.15 M)(125 mL) = x (150 mL) x = 0.125 M 2) If I add water to 100 mL of a 0.15 M NaOH solution until the final volume is 150 mL, what will the molarity of the diluted solution be? M1V1 = M2V2 (0.15 M)(100 mL) = x (150 mL) x = 0.100 M 3) How much 0.05 M HCl solution can be made by diluting 250 mL of 10 M HCl? M1V1 = M2V2 (10 M)(250 mL) = (0.05 M) x x = 50,000 mL 4) I have 345 mL of a 1.5 M NaCl solution. If I boil the water until the volume of the solution is 250 mL, what will the molarity of the solution be? M1V1 = M2V2 (1.5 M)(345 mL) = x (250 mL) x = 2.07 M 5) How much water would I need to add to 500 mL of a 2.4 M KCl solution to make a 1.0 M solution? M1V1 = M2V2 (2.4 M)(500 mL) = (1.0 M) x x = 1200 mL 1200 mL will be the final volume of the solution. However, since theres already 500 mL of solution present, you only need to add 700 mL of water to get 1200 mL as your final volume. The answer: 700 mL.

Concentration Worksheet Answers 1) How many grams of beryllium chloride are needed to make 125 mL of a 0.050 M solution? 0.50 grams 2) How many grams of beryllium chloride would you need to add to 125 mL of water to make a 0.050 molal solution? 0.50 grams 3) The density of ethanol is 0.789 g/mL. How many grams of ethanol should be mixed with 225 mL of water to make a 4.5% (v/v) mixture? 7.99 grams 4) Explain how to make at least one liter of a 1.25 molal ammonium hydroxide solution. Dissolve 43.8 grams (1.25 moles) of ammonium hydroxide in 1 L H2O. 5) What is the molarity of a solution in which 0.45 grams of sodium nitrate are dissolved in 265 mL of solution. 0.020 M 6) What is the mole fraction of sulfuric acid in a solution made by adding 3.4 grams of sulfuric acid to 3,500 mL of water? 1.8 x 10-4 7) What will the volume of a 0.50 M solution be if it contains 25 grams of calcium hydroxide? 680 mL 8) How many grams of ammonia are present in 5.0 L of a 0.050 M solution? 4.3 grams