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Petrofisik analisis limestone from Banjarejo village and potentially to be reservoir rock Copyright 2011, This paper was

created to fullfiled one of requirements to follow AIB response in UPN Veteran Yogyakarta Student Chapter 2011 Abstrak Test samples obtained from Dusun Banjarejo, of Gamping rocks (carbonate), then the sample is tested to the laboratory so that we can AIB Petrofisik properties of rocks that form of "porosity", "permeability" and "Levels of Soluble Samples Acid Formation in Solution" . In the process penilitian Core Test in our laboratory using the method of weighting on the "porosity" with Gas Permeameter. In Permeability using HCL Solubility in Acid Test. In testing in our laboratory using Gamping rocks (carbonate) to be tested Petrofisiknya Nature, Nature Petrofisik on the sample being tested shows the state of nature Petrosifik Rocks area. Preface On Testing Sample Petrofisik rocks in the area of Dusun Kayu Bimo, gained 3 Petrofisik rocks are porosity, permeability, Levels of Soluble Acid Samples in Solution Formation rocks. Porosity is a measure of the magnitude of the cavity in the rock, reservoir rock porosity is influenced by several factors, among others, the form of grains, grain structure, the environment of deposition, etc.. Porosity Porosity divided by 2 namely Primary, Secondary porosity. Primary porosity is the porosity that occurred simultaneously with the deposition process of rocks. Secondary porosity is the porosity of the rocks occurred after the deposition process, such as those caused by the leaching process or pressure. Physical properties of rock permeability is a reservoir that has the ability to be able to drain the fluid through the pores that are interconnected without damaging the rock-forming particles in the reservoir, by Type of flowing fluid, so that permeability can be divided into: 1. Absolute permeability Permeability when fluid flow in porous media comprised only one kind of fluid. 2. Effective permeability Permeability when fluid flow in porous media is more than one kind of fluid. 3. Relative permeability Comparison Between Effective Permeability Permeability Absolut. Levels of Soluble Samples Acid Formation in Solution The ability of rock to resist solubility in acid solution. Soluble in carbonate rocks and rocks Sandstone HCL will dissolve in HF solution. Limestone in general is not a rock formed from sediment as we

Result think, not well formed from clay and sand, are formed from rocks even formed from calcite skeleton derived from microscopic organisms in a shallow sea. Some bedding is almost pure limestone consisting of calcite, and in others there are a number of bedding content of silt or clay that helps the durability of the limestone to the weather. Dark layer on top of the fraction containing large amounts of silica that form of microfossil framework, where the coating on this part is more resistant to weather. Limestone can be dissolved by rain water more easily than other rocks. Rainwater contains small amounts of carbon dioxide during his travels in the air, and it converts water into nersifat acid rain. Calcite is highly reactive to acids. This explains why the underground caves tend to form in regions that contain lots of limestone, and also explains why the building of buildings made of limestone materials are vulnerable to acid rain. In tropical areas, limestone is formed into solid rock to form a number of limestone mountains are beautiful. Under the influence of high pressure, limestone termatomorfosakan into metamorphic rock marble. In certain conditions, calcite limestones contained in teralterasi into dolomite, dolomite turned into rock.
1. Result Methods of Balancing ( eff) = =

W3 W1 100% W3 W2

vp x 100% vb

= =13,54 %

2. Result Calculation and Experiment


Gas Permeameter Calculate of Klikenberg Calculate Gas Permeameter K ( P = 0,25 atm ) = 0,0178 x 8,2 x 2 / 4 x 0.25 = 0,309 Darcy K ( P = 0,5 atm ) = 0,0178 x11,25 x2 / 4 x 0,5= 0,2005 Darcy K ( P = 1 atm ) = 0,0178 x 15 x 2 / 4 x 1= 0,1335 Darcy Determine P dan 1/P where P = 1 + P/2 for P P 1/P for P P 1/P for P P 1/P = 0,25 atm = 0,25+1 + 1,0/2 = 1,125 atm = 1/1,125= 0,89 = 0,5 atm = 1+1+ 0,5/2 = 1,25 atm = 1/1,25 = 0,8 = 1,0 atm = 1+1+1/2 = 1,5 atm = 1/1,5= 0,67

From the graphic Kg vs 1/P get function = y= 1,213x + 0,5267 tg = y/X = 1,213 Permeability (k) = 0,5267 Factor Klienberg (b) b = tg / K abs = 1,213/ 0,5267 = 2,303 p = (0,25 + 0,5 + 1)/3 = 1,75/3 = 0,583


(1+b/p) 3.

K* = Kabs (dari grafik) x

= 0,5267 x (1+2,303/0,583) = 2,67 Darcy

irregular
experiment result and calculating Calculating formation solubility in acid : Acid solubility sampel carbonat

shape.

Conclusion 1) On the effective porosity can be of value weighting of experimental methods, namely: Effective porosity = 13.54% Porosity is the physical properties of reservoir rocks which show the ability to accommodate a fluid rock. In porous rocks, the porosity is reduced due to the compacting large, so the sediment is buried deeply will result in greater porosity than the sediments that are not buried in 2) 2) From the experimental data obtained as follows: Permeability to gas permeameter At the time: P = 0.25 atm then K = 0,309 D At the time: P = 0.5 atm then K = 0.2005 D At the time: P = 1 atm then K = 0.1335 D Interconnected permeability with porosity, so it can be concluded that the rock is always porous permeable rock porous while not necessarily permeable. 3) 3) From the experimental results obtained Levels of Soluble Samples Acid Formation in Solution: a. Acid solubility in limestone cores = 6.02%

1.

0,7944 = x 100% 13,1804


= 6,02%

Discussion In the calculation of the price of rock samples obtained 13.54% porosity results concluded that the porosity is obtained "enough" because it has a small pore cavity so it does not allow much fluid contained in the rock sample. In the results of permeability measurements obtained using the gas permeameter 1.595 Darcy can be concluded that the core sample obtained has a small permeability so that fluid can flow less likely in these rocks. In kelaruan in 5% HCL acid using known value of the solubility of 6.02%, the value is concluded that each of 13.1804 grams of limestone rocks will dissolve as much as 6.02% of its original weight at 5% HCL solution for 30 minutes. From the above data it can be concluded that the rocks are located in the tiny hamlet of Wood Ben might be a reservoir rock due to the porosity and permeability of rock that lies there small.another was due to environmental conditions that have high rainfall and, because of damage to rock structures as effect of load variations such as folds, faults, or fault. Porosity of this type is difficult to be evaluated or determined quantitatively due to the

3. http://maikhsani.blogspot.co m attachment Reference 1. Haryanto,M. ; Teknik Reservoar Dasar handout . 2. Batuansediment.blogspot.com/2008/ 12/bgp.html 1. Located photo researcher 2. Calculated result, 3. Graphic, 4. Equipment experiment photos. with

Attachment CALCULATED RESULT 1. Result of weight measurment To determine porosity with weight measurment from the experiment have done resulted data there are : a. b. c. d. Weight dry core in the air ( W1) Weight core in the cerosine (W2) Weight saturated core in the air (W3) Density of cerosin W3 W1 100% W3 W2 = 11,045 gr = 4,3 gr = 12,102 gr = 0,8 gr/cc

Effectifity porosity ( eff) = = =

vp x 100% vb 1,057 x 100% 7,802

=13,54 % 2. Calculated result and experiment with Gas Permeameter Flow reading Lenght core ( L ) Wide of section Viskosity ( g) Gage Reading (P) Qg Kg Flow reading Lenght core ( L ) Wide of section Viskosity ( ) = 25 =2 = 2x2 = 0,0178 = 0,25 = 8,7 = 0,309 = 32 =2 = 2x2 = 0,0178 cm (Large) cm cm cp atm cm/sec darcy cm(Large) cm cm cp

Gage Reading (P) Qg Kg Flow reading Length core ( L ) Wide of section Viskosity ( g ) Gage Reading (P) Qg Kg Klikenberg result

= 0,5 = 11,25 = 0,20025 = 38 =2 = 2x2 = 0,0178 =1 = 15 = 0,1335

atm cm/sec darcy cm(Large) cm cm cp atm cm/sec darcy

From the graphic Kg vs 1/P getted function = y= 1,213x + 0,5267 .(1) tg = y/X = 1,213 Permeability (k) = 0,5267 Klienberg factor (b) b = tg / K abs = 1,213/ 0,5267 = 2,303 p = (0,25 + 0,5 + 1)/3 = 1,75/3 = 0,583 K* = Kabs ( from graphic) x (1+b/p) = 0,5267 x (1+ 2,303/0,583) = 2,67 Darcy

Result with Gas Permeameter K ( P = 0,25 atm ) = 0,0178 x 8,7 x 2 / 4 x 0.25 = 0,309 Darcy K ( P = 0,5 atm ) K ( P = 1 atm ) Determine P dan 1/P Where P = 1 + P/2 For P = 0,25 atm P = 0,25+1 + 1,0/2 = 1,125 atm 1/P = 1/1,125= 0,89 For P = 0,5 atm P = 1+1+ 0,5/2 = 1,25 atm 1/P = 1/1,25 = 0,8 For P = 1,0 atm P = 1+1+1/2 = 1,5 atm 1/P = 1/1,5= 0,67 Gas permeameter graphic = 0,0178 x11,25 x 2 / 4 x 0,5 = 0,2005 Darcy = 0,0178 x 15 x 2 / 4 x 1 = 0,1335 Darcy

3.Experiment result and calculated with Formation solubility in acid Core Kind of acid concentration Weight of dry core before acidizing Weight of dry core after acidizing Weight of filter paper Weight of react Solubility core sampel in acid : Karbonat : HCL 5% : 13,1804 gr : 12,705 gr : 0,32 : 6,02 % gr : 0,7944 gr

Calculated of formation solubility in acid : Acid solubility sampel carbonat = 0,7944 x 100% 13,1804

= 6,02%

Resercher photo

Map photo

Equipment photos Gas permeameter weights

OVEN

HCL 5%

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