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D]-\n-j-p-I

kam-l-cn-Xv
hn. _me-Ir-jvW

&

tUm. B. eoem-tZhn Fw.-F. (a-e.), Fw.-F. (kw-kvIr-Xw) ]n. Fv. Un. (Cw-o-jv)

108 UPANISHATHUKAL
(Malayalam)

Compiled by: V. Balakrishnan and Dr. R. Leeladevi

D]-\n-j-p-I

D]-\n-jp-I thZ--fpsS Ah-km-\amWv AXpsImv thZm--kw \In-bn-cn-p-p. D]-\n-j-pI AkvXn-hm-c-am-Wv. `mc-Xn ]no-Sp-mb XXzim-kv{X-fpw aX-fpw AXns\ B{i-bnp \np-p. D]-\n-jp-Ifnse Imhy-{]-Xn-`bvpw Db BZipw thZ-kq---fnepw I-kw-ln-X-I-fnepw XXzhn-Nm-c-t-m A[n-I-ambn aX-s-nbpw Im-\pjvTm-\--sf--n-bp-amWv {]Xn-]m-Zn-np--Xv. D]-\n-j-pI-fn-e m-Is kwln-X -I -fnse ]pcm-W -I -Y -I -s f-m-fpw, {_m-W--fnse AXn-kq-a-fmb X-hn-X-v sf-m-fpw, Bc-Wy-I--fn {]Xn-]m-Zn tZhXm imkv{Xt-mfpw Db hnNm-c ImWmw. D]-\n-j-p-IfpsS eyw {][m-\-ambn Pnm-kp--fmb a\p-jym-mv imnbpw kzX{yhpw \Ip-Ibm-Wv. B[ymnI {]iv\-p ]co--Wm--Iamb ]cn-lmcw tNmtZym--c-cq-]nepw hmZ-{]-Xn-]m-Zambpw \In-bn-cnp-p. Ah ]c-ak-Xy-ns icn-bmb kz`mhw {Klnbvm thn am\h a\-n-\p-m-Ip hy{K-X-tb-bpwAXp t\Smthn sNp ITn\ ]cn-{i-a-tbpw {]IS-am-p-p. D]-\n-jp-I {Ia-_-amb Hcp XXz-imkv{X-ns cq]-n-ep--h-b; Ah-sbmw Hscm {KIm-cs IrXn-I-f. Ah-bpsS \nm-WIm-ehpw H-. -

{]mNo-\--fm-W.v AtX kabw tIt\m-]-\n-j-nse 113 a{-fpw _rl-Zm-cWyI-nse 8 apX 21 hsc a{fpw D]-\n-jp-I Otm-_--ambn amdp kw{I-aW- Im- e-p-m-b- h-bm-Wv. Ah ]noSp tN-Xm-sWp tXmpw. ItTm-]-\n-jv ]no-Sp-m-b-XmWv. AXn kmwJy-X-Xz- fpw tbmKknm- -fpw \app ImWm Ign-bpw. AXn ap-]\n-j-p-Ifn\npw `K-hZvKo-Xbn\npw [mcmfw Dc-W--fp-v. {]tXyI am-fns] D]-\n-j-p-Iv app D]-\n-j-p-I-fn amqIyw Ghpw \ho-\am-Wv. AY-th-Zo-b--fmb D]-\n-j-p-Ifpw ]no-Sp-m-b-h-bm-Wv. ssa{Xm-bWn D]\n-j -n kmwJy-Zi-\-n-tebpw tbmK-Zi-\ -ntebpw XXz- ImWmw. hnhn-[--fmb Zmi-\n-I-knm-- Xgp hfp-h-cp Ime-mWv tiXm-iztcm-]\n-jns cN-\. k\m-X\ Zmi-\n-I-{K---fpsS ]mcn-`m-jn-I -i-_vZ- Adn-bm-am-bn-cp-p. F-Xn\p kmyw hln-p [mcmfw k`- CXn ImWmw. Ah-bnse {]m[m-\kn-m--tfbpw CXn hni-Zo-Icnn-p-v. BkvXn-Iy-ho--Wn-eqsS thZm-w, kmwJyw, tbmKw Cu aqp Zi-\-fp-tSbpw ka-\zbw km[nemWv Cu D]-\n-jn-s Bi-b-sap tXmpw. BZyIm-es KZym-- I-amb D]-\n-j-p-I- fn IqSp-X hnip-I]-\I-fm-Wp--X.v ]nm-es D]-\n-j-p-I-fnD]-\n-j-p-I-fpsS kwJybpw cN-\m-Im-ehpw em-Is aX-]-c-amb ]qPm-\p-jvTm-\-fpw `n-`m-h-\bpw D]-\n-jp-Ifn s]mXp-hn 108 BsWp IW- Dsm- n-n-cnp-p. D]-\n-j-p- I-fnse Zmi-\n-I-Xm-n-h-cp-p. Ah-bn im-c-`m-jy-ap ]s--amWv Xz-sf {]Xn-]m- Znm _u-Im- e- n\p tij- ap D]apJyw. Ch Ghpw {]mam-Wn-I-fpw ]pcm-X\-fp-am- \n-j-p-I-tfbpw kzoI-cn-mw. \psS Dtiyw km[n- Wv. Ah-bpsS \nm-W-Im-ean-sXp IrXy-ambn ]d- m-s\-Sp-p D]-\n-jp-I OmtmKyw, _rl-Zm-cbm \app Ign-bn-. Ah-bn Ghpw ]g-ap-Xp WyIw, ssX-ncobw, sFX-tcbw, Iujo-X-In, tI\w _u-Im-e-n\pw app-m-b-XmWv; NneXv _p-\p-ti- Fn-h-bm-Wv. Cutim-]-\n-jpw amq-Iyhpw AXn\p jhpw Ah cNn-Xv thZ-kq---fpsS \nmWw kam- tijta hcp-pp. ]n-Xn-\p-ti-jhpw _p-aX-ns Bhn`m-h-n\p D]-\n-j-p-I c-Nn alm-m-cmb Nn-Im-cpsS app CS-m-ev AXm-bXv {In. ap. Bdmw \qmamn- Ncn{Xw AXm-Xv B-fp-I-fpsS {][m-\-amb kw`m-h-\Isf ep-am-sWp hcmw. BZn-tam-]-\n-jp-I-fpsS \nm-W- hn-p-sIm-s-gp-Xp ]w I]nX\m-a--sfm-gnImew {In. ap. 1000--amp apX _n. kn. 300--am-p-h-sc- m, alo-Zm-k, sFX-tc-b, sscIz, imWvUn-ey, bm-s Wv IW-m--s-n-cnp-p. im-c-`mjyap kXy-Im-aPm-_m-e, ssPh-en, Dm-e-I, tizX tIXp, ]pXnb D]-\n-jp-I _p\p tijw cNn-hbm-Wv. `c-Zzm-P, KmKym-b-W, {]X-\, _mem-In, APmX - Ah-bpsS Imew {In. ap. kpam \m\qtdm aqtdm BWv. i{Xp, hcp-W, bm-hIy, Kmn, ssat{Xbn {]mNo-\--fmb D]-\n-j-p-I KZy-n-em-W.v Chbvv Fo t]cp-I ap]-n-bn hcpw. {]tXyI am-tfm k{-Zm-b-tfm C. sFX-tc-bw, Iujo-XIn, ssXncobw, Omtm-Kyw, _rl-Zm-c-WyIw D]-\ n-j-p-I-fn N D]-\n- j-p-I-fnse apJy- {]- Xn- ]mZyw Zi-\-im-kv{X-nChbvp ]pdta "tI\' D]-\n-j-nse Ip-dp `mK-fpw

I s ASn-m-\-{]iv\w Xs-bmWv; kXyw GXm-sW


At\z-jWw Xs. hkvXp--tfmSpw Ah-bpsS KuWIm-c-W-tfm-Sp-ap AXr]vXn Nne tNmZy--fp--bn-pp. tizXm-iz-X-tcm-]\n-j-ns Bcw-`-n \mw Ah ImWp-p-v. ""\mw Fhn-sS-\n-p-m-bn. \mw FhnsS Pohnp-p. \mw FhnsS t]mIp-p. Atbm {_-th-Zn-Itf BcpsS imk-\-nIo- gn \man-hnsS kpJ-Zpx-J-- fpsS _-nsp Ign-bp-p. Imetam {]Ir-Xntbm Bhiy-IXtbm bZr-tbm A `qX-tfm Bbn-cnptam ImcWw? AYhm ]pcp-j Fp ]d-b-s-Sp ]c-{_w Xs-bm-bn-cnptam?'' tIt\m]-\n-jn injy tNmZnpp: ""BcpsS C-bpsS t{]c-WsIm-mWv a\v Xm\m-{K-lnp ey-n-tep sNp--Xv. BcpsS B-bm-emWv Hm-as {]mW-\n-izmkw ]pd-p-hXv! BcpsS B-bm-emWv \mw Cu hmp ]d-bpXv? In\pw ImXn\pw t{]cW \Ip tZh-t\XmWv?'' Nn- I-m kmam-\y-_p-n- I sNp--Xp- t]mse C{n-bm-\p-`-hs Hc-hym-tJy-b-X-Xz-ambn KWn-n-. C{nb- sIms--cp m\s XnIpw icn-bm-sWp-d-np kzoI-cn-mtam a\-ns in-Ip kzX{-amb k-bptm AtXm ]nn \np IqSpX in-bp GXn-t-sb-nepw Imcy-fmtWm a\n-t-Xm-bn-m-Wp Ign-hp-I? Imcy-fpw P\y--fpamb `uXn-I]Zm--sf, Ah-bpsS Xm-e-kz-cq-]- ns, Ah-bpsS Imc-W-s-tmse XnIpw bYm-am-sWp \app Icp-Xm Ign-bp-sX-s\? Ch-bvs-m-nepw ]nn-embn kzbw-`q-hmb Hcp ]c-a-k-bp-m-bn-cn-Ww. AXp a\-n\pw B{i-b-am-bn-cn-pw, m\w, a\-v, C{n-b-fpw Ah-bpsS hnj-b-fpw Fmw ]cn-an-X-fpw {]Xn-_-ap--hbp-amWv. [mnI-Im-cy--fn ]cn-anXw sImp bYmamb B\w t\Sm Ign-bn-sp \ap--\p-`-h-ap--Xm-Wv. kmwkm-cnI-kp-J -t`m-K- -W n-I--fm-Wv. Ah hmIyw sImpw ac-Ww-sImpw \inp--hbm-W.v aXm-\p-jTmv \--fn A-b-Po-hn-Xn\p thn apd-hnfn Iqp-p. CsXmw IqSn-t Ime-hym-]vXn-bn-m Hcp kbp-sp hniz-knm \s \n--cm-p-p. AXv Hcp Bym-n-I-k--bmWv; Zi\imkv{X-- fpsS At\zj-Whn-j-b-amWv; \psS Fm C-Itfbpw ]q-amp-Xpw aX-ns ey-hp-am-Wv. D]-\n-jZv{ZjvSm- Fp \np-Xpw (k) ]q kXyhpw (Nn) hnip-amb B\-hpw (B-\-w) Bb Cu ]c-a-k--bntebvv \s ASp-nm {ian-p-p. Hmtcm am\-hlr- Z - b - n- t bpw {]m- \ - b mWv : ""Fs Akn\np k-bn-tep \bnq; Xa-n\np {]Imi- n-tep \bnq; arXyp-hn \np Aa-c-X z-ntebvp \bnq.''

bYm kXypsS kzcq]w


]c-a-k-Xy-ns kzcq-]-\n-b-n-\mbn D]-\n-j Im- sshZnI Ejn-am-cpsS hkvXp-\njvS-amb (A\m-w) hoWtmSp Bo- b-hn-- Ws tNm {ian-p. thZ-kq---fn ]n-X-amb DX [mcW GI-k (GIw k)-sb-kw-_n-p--Xm-Wv. AXv -

Fm-hn[w k-Ifnepw kzbw {]I-S-hp-ambncpp. Cu \njvj-n\v D]-\n-j-p-I _ew \In. Ah-bn Nnte-S v Ah Bm-s hp hnfnp "Alw' XXzs Zmi- \n-I-ho--W-tmsS hntjWw sNbvXpsIm- mWv Cu {]iv\s kao-]n-n-p--X.v Omtm-tKym]-\n-j-n Kpcp-in-jy-m-cmb {]Pm-]-Xnbpw C{\pw Xn \S-p Hcp kw`m-j-W -n Bm-h ns\ kw_-n-p hymJym-\n Bm-hns\ (1) imco-cnIm-m-h,v (2) C{n-b-Kay-\mb Bm-hv, (3) A\p-`-hm-XoX-\mb Bm-hv (Kp-]vXm-m-) , (4) ]c-am-m Fn-s\ \membn hn`-Pn-n-cn-p-p. AhnsS hnai\ hnj-b-amb {]iv\w a\x-im-kvX]-c-am-sWp ]d-p-Iq-Sm. AXv IqSpX B[ym-n-I-am-Wv. a\p-jy-\nse Bm-hns AYhm a\p-jy-\nse apJy-k--bpsS kzcq-]-sa-mWv? N-bmcw-`n-p- -sImv {]Pm-]Xn Nne kmam\y e-W-sf hnhcn-p-p. ""Bmhv ]m]-ap-\mWv; hrmh-b n-m-h-\mWv; ac-Whpw ZpxJ-hp-an-m--h-\mWv; hnipw Zml-hp-an-m--h\m-Wv. Cn-t--sX-s-sm- gnv ap k- ]- fn- m- -h -\ m- W v. At- l -s bmWv \mw kYm a\-n-em-m {ian-t-Xv.'' AXv Fm-]cnh-\--fnepw amdmsX XpSp \np ImhmWv; AXv Pm{Kv, kz]v\ w, kpjp-] vX n, ac-Ww, ]p\-w, BXy-n-Iapn Cu Zi-I-fn-semw kmam\y-LS-Iambn \ne-sIm-p At`-Zy-amb Hcw-Kam-Wv. - Hcnepw \in-n-m Ign-bm Hcp kc-f-k-Xy-am-WXv. acWw AXns\ kv]in-p-n- . Hcp Zphn-Im- c-n\pw AXns\ hne-bn-n-m Ign-bn-. nc-X, XpS, GIX, \nXy-{In-bm-io-eX Fnh AXns hntij eW--fm-W.v kzbw-]q-amb Hcp temI-am-W-X.v AXn\p ]pd-smcp hkvXphpw AXn-s-Xnsc \nm-\n-. Cu {]{In-bmsI N{I-ItZmjw _m[n-n-p-sp ]dv \ho-\-hn-ai-I-m FXnpw. Fm kzbw-]-cym-]vXXbpw kzbw-]q-Xbpw {]tXyI e-Wambn kzoI-cnp-Ign-m AXn\p kam-[m-\-hp-am-bn. Cn-s\-sbmcp {]{Inb kzoI-cnp-Xn {]tXy-Iw- D-t-iy-ap-sp \app aptmp t]mIp-tm- ImWmw. a\p-j ys Bmhv kzbw Im-hm-sW-pw, AXn-\v Hcnepw kmy-hn-j-b-am-Im Ign-bn-spw {]Pm-]Xn hy-amp-p. AXv {ZjvSm-hmb ]pcp-j-\mWv Zriy hnj-b-a. AXv "Fs' Fp ]d-bm-hp hnj-b-amb KpW-kw-LmX-a; Cu KpW--sf-sbmw ]cn-tim-[n-p-sImv Fmn\pw ]nn AIv kmn-bmbn \np "kzbw hnjbamb "Rm' BWv. icn-bmb A-n AXv hnjbnbmb mXm-hmWv; Hcn-ep-aXv hnj-b-am-Im h. Bm-hns LS-I- an-hmdpw km[m-cW \nebn hnj-b--fpsS Iq-n s]t-mw. \ymb-hmZw AwKo-Icnp [mc-W, hnj-b-am-Ip--sXmw Xs A\m--tIm-Sn-bn s]Sp-sa-m-Wv. \psS bYmm mhn-t\mSv sshPm-Xy-apXpw AXn\nv `n-hp-amb Fm- n-t \bpw \mw ths]-S pn AI- -Ww. BZyw \Inb Dcw P\n-p-Xpw hf-cp-Xpw Pon-pXpw acn-p-- Xp-amb ico- c-amWv bYm-amb Bmhv Fm-bn-cp-p. {]Pm-]-Xn-bpsS A`n-{]m-b-n \mw asm-

I cm-fpsS Ip-I-fn t\mp-tm ImWp AYhm sh-

kzX-{-\m-bn-cnp-Ibpw thWw. Ime-n-tbpw P\-\ntem Im-Sn-bntem ImWp "hyn'bmWv Bm- n-tbpw ]cn-[n-Isf B{i-bnp \np "Alw' Hcnhv. Nn{X-n Xe-ap-Snbpw \Jhpw IqSn ImWp-p-tm epw \nXy-am-sWp ]d-bm-\m-hn-. {]mtZ-in-Ihpw `uXnFv kqNn-n-p-bp-ap-m-bn. AXpsImv CXm-m-h- I-hp-amb ]cn-n-Xn-I-fn _n-p-\np "Alw' sp a\-n-em-m-\mbn {]Pm-]Xn C{-t\mSv ""Av Hcp Ime-kr-jvSn-bm-Wv. AXv kwkm-c-tem-I-nse HcptZlw \-h w Ae- -cnv \ hkv{X- [cnv Dg-m-c-\m-Wv. AXv X\n-mbn A]q-km-a-{K-lnshntem Im-Sn-bntem t\mpI Fp ]d-p. IsImv A]q-amb Hcp temIs \nn-p-p. C{ Xs-tmse Hcp hynsb \ hkv{X- AXv A\-iz-ca; AXn\v AXn-cn-m kzmX-{-hp-an[cnv Ae--cnv kp-c-cq-]-n ImWp-p. C{\v Hcp . \apv Fm-hn[w A\p-`-h-pw B[m-chpw hmlkwi-b-ap-Zn-p-p. ""icocw Ae--cn-n-cn-p-tm sh- \-hp-amb Hcp hnjbn AYhm Hc-Xn-hym-]-Iamb k ntem Im-Sn-bntem ImWp Bmhv \mbn Ae- Bh-iy-ap- -v. kz]v\m-h--bn-tebpw PmK-cn-Xm-h-bn-cnp ImWpp; ico-c-n \- hkv{Xw [cn-m tebpw A\p-`-h. tIhew AXns A]q-amb AXpw \ hkv{Xw [cn-p-Im-Wp-p. icocw \hw A`n-hyn am{X-am-bn-cn-Ww. hnhn[ Zi-IfpsS {]hmipNnbpw kp-chp-am-bn-cp- m B Bmhpw ipNn- l-n\v kzbw \ne-\n-m Ign-bp-Ibn-. sF{n-bmbmbpw kp-c-ambpw ImW-s-Sp-p. Atm icocw Ip- \p-`-h--tf-evp Bmhv kzm[n-Im-cn \nXy-\s]mn-b-Xm-sW-n AXpw A-am-bn-cnpw. icocw apS- . C{ {]Pm-]Xnsb kao-]nv Xs a\x-nXn hnhm-sW-n B \ng-en-p Bmhpw apS-m-Ipw, ico- cn-bv p-p. Ipsd-mew Ign-Xn-\p-tijw {]Pm-]Xn c-n\v h AwK-`w-Khp-ap-s-n B Bm-hn\pw C{-\p-]-tZiw \Ip-p. ""a\p-jy Ddn ]q-hn-{iaw AwK-` wKw ImWpw. HSp-h n icocw \in- m B sImp- Ibpw kz]v\-sampw ImWm-Xn- cn- p- Ibpw sNp Bmhpw \inpw. CXn-semcp sahpw Rm ImWp- Ah--bmWv Bm-hv.'' {]Pm-]-Xnbvv C{s _pnn-.'' C{ Xs Kpcp-hns\ kao-]n-p-p. Ipsd Ign- app a\-n-em-bn. Bm-hns\ hn`n-m-h-I-fpsS AWnXn-\p-tijw Kpcp C{-t\m-Sp-]tZ-in-p-p. ""kz]v\- I-fn-te-bvn-dn Npcp-n-qSm; An-s\-bm-bm \nXyn kpJ- k-mcw sNp- -XmWv Bm-hv.'' bYmm- \mb Hc-lw-X-z-ns Bh-iyta Cm-Xm-Ipw. Bmmhv Fm-hn[w Ipd-hp-Ipw IjvSm-\p-`-hpw hns\ X-fpsS BI-kvan-Iamb A\p-`-h-a--e n\v ]m{X-am-Ip-- i-co-c-a-. AsXmcp `uXn-Iamb Zriy-Imcy- A[o-\-am-tnbpw hcpw. A\p-`-h- tKm-N-c--fmb _mlyam-Wv. ssNX-\y-n\p hnl-cn-m-\p Hcp-]-I-c-W-amWv hn-j-b-v A\p-`h-hn-j-b--fm-bn-o-cm \nXy-\mb ico-cw. ssNX-\y-am-Is ico-c-n\n-p-f-hm-b-Xp-a-. Hcp hnjbn (B-m) thW-sav C{s\ ]Tn-n-bvt]noSp C{-t\mSp kz]v\w ImWp hnjbn(Im)- -Xp-v. Ben-ns Ap-X{]-]-s--n-bp IYbm-Wv. Bmhv Fp ]dbpp. ]s C{\v hopw I-sfm-gnv as-m-bn-Spw Cfn-p-Imn ipWvTn-sb-Sp-nkwibamIpp. ""icn-bm-Wv, ico-c-ns Iphpw Ipdhpw bvm Hcp ]q-th-Ww. Fm Hcp ]q-sb-tmgpw Bm-hns\ _m[n-p-n-. ico-c-n--Sn-sIm-p-tm Cfn-p-Im-n- sm-t-Wsapan-. AXp-t]mse hnj- b-nBm-hn-\Xp Xp-n-. icocw apS-m-bmepw Bm-hn\v s-tmgpw hnj-bnsb B{i-bn-t-\n-evm Ign-bq. apS-p-m-Ip-n-. Fmepw B tZmj- ]nXp-Sp Fm hnj- bn-bvm- Is AtX hn[-n hnj-b-ns Abmsf kz]v\n sNv _m[n-mtem? B Bm- B{ibw Bh-iy-an-. {]Pm-]Xn Cmcyw C{s\ [cnhn\v ZpxJ-ns IjvSm-\p-`-h-ap-m-Ip-p-v. Ip-\o n-bvm-\p-t-in-p. Bm-hn-s\-q-SmsX m\-an-. Iehogvpp; ZpxJm-\p-`-h-ap-m-Ip-p. CXp-sImpw Rm bn-, [m-N-c-W-hp-an-. Bm-hn-t\mSp _-s-Sm sa-sampw ImWp-n-.'' kz]v\ ico-c-n\nv hnj-b- AkXv BIp-p. hnj-bn-bpsS k Fm IqSp-X kzX-{--fm-b-Xp-sImv kz`m-hn-I-ambn {]mam- hnj-b--fp-tSbpw kbvv B[m-c-am-Ip-p. Fm Wn-I-am-sWp Icp-Xn-bmWv {]Pm-]Xn ap am\-kn-Im-\p- kzbw hnj-bn-bm-Is B tb-hn-jb--fpsS Iq`-h-p ]Icw kz]v\m-h--Isf FSpp ]d-Xv. nsp \nevIp--Xp-an-. {]Pm-]Xn Fm A\p-`-hBmhv kz]v\m-h-I-fn IpSp-msX Xb--sam-p- -fp-tSbpw mXmhv Bm-hp-X-s-bm-sWv C{s\ an-msX k-cn-p-sIm-n-cnpw Fm-W-\p-am-\n-s- a\-n-em-m {ian-bvp-p. AXn\v C{s\ Al-\mSp--Xv. a\pw kz]v\m-h-I-fn ico-c-n\v t\cn-Sp m thn Aaq-]-Xn AXn\v AXns kzkw`-h-- tfmSp _-an-msX kzX-{-ambn Anv Ae- amb Nne tZmj--fp- s-nepw {]tbm-Kn-bvp-p. \psS bp-p. Cu A`n-{]mbw XpS-bmbn hfp-h-cp-, A\p- PohnXw kZm ]Zm--fp-ambn CS-s]v XnSp-n-Ww amdn amdn hcp-, am\-kn-Im-\p-`-h--tfbpw Bm- gn-bp-I-bm-Wv. \mw IqSp-X kwkm-cn-I-fm-bn-tm-bn. \psS hn-t\bpw Xpey-hn-Xm-\n sImp \np-p. CXv Bmhp hnIm-cfnepw B{K-l--fnepw k]-C{n-bm-\p-`-h- Gevp Bm-hm-Wv. Cu C{nb fnepw Xs-m-\dn-bm ]mSn-m--hn[w apgp-In-bn-cnKay-\mb Pohm-mhv Pohn-Xm-\p-`-h-fpsS Zpc--kw-`-h- bvp- p. tIhew hkv Xp-\n-jvT-amb Pohn-Xw-\ -bnpw v hnt[-b-\m-sWpw C{ icnv a\-n-em-n. {]mIr-XhkvXp-fn AXyw apgp-Inbpw temI-hy-h- {]Xn-Ww amw hcpXpsImv CXv "hnjbn'bmI-bn- lm-c--fnepw euInI-{]-hr-n-I-fnepw \nc-cw CS-s]pw . CXv ico-c-n\nv `nhpw kzX-{-hp-am-sW-nepw Ccn-bvpI Imc-Wambn Fm-n-epw-shv apJy-XXz-amb kz]v\ m-h- -I v kzX-{-a mb \ne-\n-e v]n- -tm. Bm-hn-s\-p-dnv hnNm-cn-pI Hcp \nanjw t]mepw bYm-amb Alw AYhm Bm-hm-Is kYm hn\n-tbm-Kn-m-s\m-cp-p-n-. m\w kzbw kn-am-

I b-Xmbn \mw Icp-Xp-p. AXn-s\-p-dnv IqSp-X hnNmcw

sNp-Xpw AXns KpVmw a\-n-em-m {ianp-Xpw a\-n\v A[zm-\ap Imcy-am-Wv. {]Pm-]Xn Bmhns Bh-iy-IXsb IqSp-X kv]jvS-am-m thn, Bm-hv, \nc-cw \ne-\n-p-p-shp Pm{KZ-h--bnepw kz]v\m-h--bn-epw, A\p-`hw Ipdp t\ctsmw XSv \njv{In-b-ambn \nm t]mepw, Bmhv hnSmsX \ne\nppshp \njvIjnp {]kvXm-hn-bvp-p. kz]v\w ImWm KmV-\n-{Z-bn A\p-`q-X n-hn-jb- -sfmpw \psS apn-en-s-nepw AXp sImp Bm-hp-an-sp ]d-bm Ign-bn-. \n{ZnXm-h-bn Bm-hns ksb C{ kzmI-cn-psIm-p- sav {]Pm-]Xn [cn- n-cnp-I-bm- W.v ImcWw \n{Zmh--bn ]pdw-tem-I-hp-ambn _- hn-t-Zap-s-nepw tNX\ \nc-cw XpSp-\n-pp F hkvXp-Xsb ap hn[-n hymJym\nm Ign-bp-I-bn-. tZh-Z- \sm-cp-dw Ignv DWs-gp-t-mepw tZh-Z--\mbn-s XpS-cp-p. Fs-m Abm Dd-m XpSp-tm-gp-m-bn-cp C{n-bm-\p-`-h-fpsS {Iaw Ddn Fgp-t--Xn\p tij-ap A\p-`-h-{I-atmSv tbmPnp \nevp-p-v. Abm-fpsS ]qm-\p-`-h- h-am\ hnNm-c- -f p-ambn Htc N-e - - n-bn IrXy-a mbn tNcpp; am-cp-t S-sb-nepw hnNm-c-tfmSp tNcp-n-. A\p-`h--fpsS Cu ss\ccyw t_m[m-h--bpsS kakvX-L-S-I--fp-tSbpw ]m--e-n \nXy-n-c-\mb Hcm-m-hp-sp AwKo-I-cnm \s \n-n-pp. hnNmcw sNm asmcp hnj-b-hp-an-m-Xn-cn-sbpw \n{Zm-h--bn \ne-\n-p-tXtXm AXm-Wm-m-hv. Im-Sn-bn Hpw ImWp-n-s-p-shv ImSn \in-pshp hcp-n-. {]Pm-]Xn ChnsS hnj-b-ns t]cn hnj- bn-p ]c-am-[n-]- Xys sXfn-bn- bvm {ian-bvpp. Fm hnj-b-fpw hnep-]X-ambntmIp Ah-v bnepw hnj-bn-bmb Bmhv AYhm {]am- Xm-hmb Bm kzXx-{ ]-I m-i-\ mbn hn-b v pp F bm-h evIys A`n-{]m-b-nse bmYmyam-WnXv. ""kqcy-\kvX-an- p-tm An AW-p-t]m-Ip-tm, Bmhp am{Xw Xt-Xmb {]Im-in {]Im-in-p-p.'' imco-cnIm-\p-`-h--sfm-p-an-m, Aaq-amb kz]v\mZn A\p`-hfpw IqSn-bn-m-, hnj-b-iq-\yhpw IqSn-bmb Cu Bmhv tIh-e-samcp \njv^-eamb anYym-k-ev]am- sWv C{ Icp-X p-p. Xm GXns\ Adn-bpp; GXns\ A\p-`-hnpp; GXns\ B[m-c-amn {Inb sNpp; AsXm-p-a Bm-s h-n Ah-bn\nsmw _w hn-Xm-sW-n, D-S--sam-p-an-msX ip-iq-\y-am-sW-n ]ns tijn-s-pv? ""Hp-an'' C{ ]dp: ""Fm-n \npw ap-am-IpI Fmew Hp-an-m--Xm-hpI Fp Xs'' KuX-a-_p- Hcp hrs DZm-l-c-W-am-sb-Spv tNmZn-bvp-I-bmWv: ""AXns Ce-I-sfmw ]dnp If-bpp; sImp-I-sfmw apdn-pp; tXmep apgp-h Dcnpp; Ans\ Fmw \in-np-p. Fm ]ns hr-ambn tijn-bvp-sX-m-Ip- sa- m-Wq-lntXv? _mly-Po- hn- Xs \ntjCu hniz-kz-cq-]nbpw hy]-I-\p-amb Bmhv AXns [n-bvp--Xns Aw Dn-ep Cuiz-cs \mi-am- khn-ti-j-kz-`mhw Imc-Wambn ZrjvSn-hn-j-b-am-Ip-n-. Wv. hnip-- amb B- \n-jvT-X- bn, Fm- \p-t-S-tmfw

Db \ne-bn, ]c-a-e-y-n \mw Fp-p-sp [mc-W-bp--h C{-tbpw {]Pm-]Xn-bp-tSbpw kwhm-Zn {int--Xm-W.v C{s A`n-{]m-b-n ico-cL- S-\-bpsS acym-Z-I- fn\n-pw, Ime- tZ- i-]-cn-[n- bn \npw, hnj-b--fpsS k-bn\npw kzX-{-amb Hc-h tIhew k-\m-i-amWv. Zmi-\n-I-amb hnNm-chpw a\xim-kv{X-] -c-amb hnt-j-Whpw Cu ]cn-W m-a- n-tebvmWv \s \bn-p-I. Fm {]Pm-]Xn C{n-bm-\p`-h-fpsS am-sImp _m[-tb-evm Bmhns AkvXn-Xzs Dun-bp-d -nm {ian-p-p. Bmhv tNX-\m-h-Ifn \np XnIpw ]pd-m-bncp-n Fn-cp-mepw tNX-\m-kz-cq-]-\p-a Fp \ntin-bm {]Pm-]Xn shp-p-v. C{ {]Pm-]-Xn-bpsS v apn Xs _pn- a pv Cs\ hnh- c n- b v pp: ""kz]v\w ImWm KmV-\n-{Z-bn hnj-bnbvv hmkvXh-n Xs ksbnbpw Adn-hn; av Ahn-sSbp hnj-b--sf--nbpw m\-an-. AXp Hcp Xcn k-Ym iq\y-cq-]am-bn-tm-sbp ]d-bmw. AXpsImv CXnepw KpW-sampw ImWp-n-.'' Cu A`n \nc-cw XpSp \nevp-Xmbpw Fm ]cn-h-\-Zi-I-fnepw am-an-msX \nevp--Xmbpw {]Pm-]Xn Nqnm-p-p. Cu AJn-e-hn-izhpw ]c-am-hn-Nm-cs kmm-cn-bvm-\p Hcp {]{In-b-bm-Wv. ""Atbm aLh Cu icocw ac-W[n-bm-Wv. Fmw \iz-cam-Wv. CXv ico-c-`n- -amb Aa-c-\mb Bm-hns \nhm-km\w am{X-am-Wv. Ins IrjvW-a-Wn-I-fn ImWp ]pcp-j-\m-WXv; Fm Ip-Ifm-Is ImWm-\p D]I-cWw am{X-am-Wv. Rm CXns\ aW-s Fp hnNmcn-bvp--h-\mWv Bm-hv. aqv Kw apX-em-bh A\p`-hn-bv m-\p D]-IcWw am{X-am-Wv.'' Bm-hns\ Aaq-amb Hc-\u-]-Nm-cn-I-X -Xz-am-bn- A\-h-cXw {Inbm-io-eamb Hcp hym]I ssNX\y-am-bn-mWv {]Zinn-n-p--Xv. ""izkn-bvp ka-bv CXn\v {]mW-s\pw, kwkm-cn-bvp-tm hmIv Fpw, ImWp-tm Is-pw, tIp-tm sNhn-sb-pw, hnNmcw sNptm a\-spw CXn\p t] \evIp-p. Cu kwI-sfmw CXns hnhn-[ -{]-hr- n-I p-Xm-W v.'' Cns\ hymJym- \ n- - s B m- h p- X - s - b mWv nc\pw \nXy-\p-amb hnj-bn. AXv PmKr-X-bnepw kz]v\nepw ac-W-nepw \n{Zm-h-bnepw _-\w, apn Cu Ah--I-fnepw XpSp-dp \nevp-p. AsX-mm-e pw AJn- e -h n- i z-t bpw t\mn- s m- n-c nbvpp. AXvhym-]I-amb hnj-bn-bmWv; AtX kabw hym]-I-amb hnj-b-hp-amWv. AXv ImWp-p-v. ImWpn--Xm-\pw. D]-\n- jv Cs\ ]d- bpp: ""Ah ImWmXn-cn-bvp-tm Ah ImWp-n-s-nepw ImWp-p-v. {ZjvSmhv Ahn-\m-in-bm-b-Xp-sImv Zi-\-i-n-bvsm-cnbvepw tem]w hcp-n-. Fm {ZjvSm-hns\ Hgnv Zin-bvm cm-aXmsbmcp hkvXp-hn-.'' Bm-hp-Xs-bmWp apgp-h hnizhpw; ""Rm Xs-bmWv CsXmw.''

I {io. i-c ]d-bpp: ""kmn-`q-X\mb Bmhv tNX-

m Ign-bp-sap ]e-]e kq--fnepw \nt-inp\sb {]Im-in-n-p-p. Fm Hcn-epw Xm kzbw p. ImcWw B Ah-bn {isb hn`-Pn-m-IjntNX-\m-hn-j -b-a m-Ip-n-.'' AXv Hc-\p-` hkma-{Kn-b- ,- bvp _mly-P-K -p-a mbn Bm-h n-\p _w Fm{]tabhnjbfpw AXn\pthnbmsWnepw ths]-n-cn-pw. amwk-i-co-c-ns D]-tcm-[-ap-s-nepw AXp kzbw {]ta-b -hn-j -b-a-. ka-k vX-hn-Nm-c-fpw ssZhn-IamWv a\p-jym-m-hns auen-I-kz-cq-]w. ""Cu AXn\p thn-bm-sW-nepw AXv Hcp hnNm-c-a-. AXv \mem-as Ah hnj-bn-bpsS m\-ap--X; hnjFm ImgvN-Ifp-tSbpw ASn-m-\-X-Xz- -am-sW-nepw AXv b-m-\ap--X-. cn-tbpw m\-ap-Xp(D-`-b-{]kzbw ImgvNbvp hnj-b-a-. D]-\n-j-p-I tZlhpw w- a-. hnip--{]-m-kz-cq-]tam AJn-e-m-\iBmhpw Xn XmZm-y-ap-sp k-Xn-p-I-bn-. n-bpsS ]pRvPtam A. \n_n-Um-Im-c-sap ]dAXp t]mse a\-ns hnhn-[m-h--I, _mly-{]-Xy- bm-hp--Xp-a-. CXv AZr-jvShpw km-Xn-im-bnbpw A{Km-kw-`-h -fpsS Ahn- n-{I-aw, AYhm ssNX-\ y- lyhpw A\p-am-\m-Xo-Xhpw ANn-yhpw Ahy-tJy-bhpw ns \nc-c {]hmlw CXn-t\m-sSmpw Bm-hns B-{]-Xy-b-ns kmc-X-Xzhpw kwkm-c-ns ]qXmZmyw m]n-bvIp-hm D]-\n-j-p-I Iqm-p-I- X-bp-am-Wv. \nXy-im-hpw kZm B\--a-bhpw AssZzbn-. _- sm-cm-[mcw Bh-iy-am-bn-p--hbvv X-hp-amb CXp-X-s- bmWv Bmhv'' Hmmcw CXns {]XoBmhv Hcp _-am-bn-cnp-I-bn-. hnhn[ LS-I-- I-am-Wv. Hmm-c-ns `mK--fmb A.-D.- a. Pm{K kz]v\w fpsS ]c-kv]c-kw-_ns cq]hpw Bm-hn-\n-. kpjp]vXn Fo aq-h-Iv D]-e-Wam-bn-cn- Fs-m AXn\p ]c-kv]c _w m]n-bvm bv p-p. Cu Bmhv sFIm-n-I-\; Fm-n\pw Hcp {]Xn-\n[n Bh-iy-am-W.v hy]-I-amb Hcp tNX-\-bpsS s]mXp-hn B[m-c-amWv; Fm-n-tbpw k CXns\ ksb AwKo-I-cn-m \mw \n-n-X-cm-bn-o-cp-p. B{i-bn-n-cn-bvp-p. KmV- \n-{Z-bn \mw Fm `mh-fpw AXp tNX-\-bpsS LS-I--fp-ambn \nc--c-km-l-N-cy-ap- \in-v, AJn-e-{]-]-hpw hnep-]vX-amb nc-amb HtcXpw LS-I--fpsS A`m-hnepw apSw IqSmsX I-Xz-n Fp-Xmbn ]d-bm-hp-Xm-Wv. Bm-hm\nm Ign-hp--Xp-am-I-Ww. Bm-hn-s\bpw A\m- Is Cu hniz-nse kIe ]Zm-- fp- tSbpw m\w m-hn-s\bpw aqe-cq-]-n kzoI-cn-p Cu auen-I- km- Znv Xs Dn kpc-n-X-am- n-sh-p-p. Bmamb XmZmyw Xs-bmWv Bm-shp ]d-b-s-Sp-- hn\p ]pdsa bmsXmpw C-Xm\pw. AXv Hcn-bvepw Xv. AXns ksb kw_-nv Bpw kt-lap- ]cn-h-\an-m Fm ]cn-h-\--fn-eq-tSbpw \ncm-Im h. cw Htc an XpSp-sIm-n-cn-bvp \nXy-k-amq-tIym-]-\n-j-n tNX-\-bpsS Hcp hnt-j-W- bm-Wv. Nn-hr-n-I hcp-p, t]mIpp, amdn-a-dbp-p. Fm Bmhv am-an-msX G-I-c-k-ambn \ne-sIm-pap-.v Bm-hn\p aqh--I-fpv; Cu aqpw \mem-asXm- c- h - - b n tN- c pp. Ah PmKrXn kz]v \ w p. Bmhv Adn-bp hnjbv BZnbpw Akpjp]vXn Ch-bm-Wv. \mem-a-t-Xmbn Xpco-bm-h--bpw. hp-apv; Fm Bmhv A\m-Znbpw A\-hp-am-Wv. ""tNX- \ bv v hncmaw A \p- ` - h - s - n- n; t\cnv BZys Ah DWn-cn-bvp ka-b-p--XmWv. Atm Bm-hn\v _mly-hn-jb- \nd kmmm-c-hp-ap-m-bn-n-. C\n Ftm-sg-n-ep-ap-mkmam- \ y- { ]- ] - - s - n m-\ - a pmbncn-b v pw. bn-p-s-n-eXp AtX tNX-\bpsS A\-h-cXw XpSp\n-evp-- aqo-I-c-Wsa--t]mse Fm-n\pw km-nAtm Bmhv qe-]Zm-sf A\p-`-hn-m-kzZn-bvp-p. Cu ka-bp apJy-ambpw ico-cs B{i- bmbn Fmw A-\p-`-hn-p--Xmbn Fmntbpw ]nn bn-m-Wv Ign-bp--Xv. cm-a-tXv kz]v\mh-bmWv. \nevp- -Xm- bn- m- Wv.'' AXv apgp-hk-- bp- tSbpw AkvXnAhnsS Bmhv kqva hkvXp--fpsS B\w A\p- hm-camWv. tb--fmb hnj-b-v mXm-hmb hnj-bn-tbm-Sp B{in-X-Xz-ns kz`mhw F{X-Xs `-h n-bv p- p. AhnsS Pm{K-Z -h - -bnse kma-{K-l nIsImv ]pXnb BIr-Xn-I cq]-s-Spn Hcp ]pXnb Bhnp ]d-npw XnIpw kv]jvS-am-bn-n-s-nepw temIw Xs Bhn-j vI-cn-p-p. Bmhv ico-c-_- \ap--dn-hm-Ip s#m-n\pw GI-kmnbpw klm-bn-bms hI-sh-bvmsX kzX-{ -ambn Ae-p-\-Sp- Im km[y-X-bp GI-h-kvXp- hp-amWv AXv. Bm-hns sap ]d-b-s-Sp-p. aqm-as Ah KmV-\n-{Z-bp- aq-h--I-fm-b -Pm-Kr kz]v\w kjp]vXn Chbpw CXntS-Xm-Wv. AhnsS \apv kz]-\v-fp-an; bmsXm-cn--bp- s-sbmw m\w t\Sp \mem-as Ah-bpw ap-m-Ip-n-. kpjp-]vXn-sb-m-Wn-Xns t]. B Ah- tNm Bm-hns Ah-I {Ia-n hniz, ssXP-k, {]m, Xpco-b Fn-h-bm-Wv. -bn Bmhv Ipd-p-t\-c-tbvp {_-hp-ambn XmZmyw {]m]nv B\--a-\p-`-hn-bvp-sap ]d-bp-p. kz]v\w Pm{KXv kpjp]vXn Cu aq-h-Itfbpw KmV-\n-{Z-bn \mw Fm C-I-fn\npw ap-cm-Ipp; h nt - j W w sN b v Xv h nN m cw s N bv X m A h A\p-`-hn-p-h-cp IjvS-m-Sp-I-fn\n-p-IqSn apn Inp- ""Akp''If-s-nepw Ab-Ym--fm-sW \np. hntcm-[--sfmw Xs \nn-j-b-m-\-cq-]-amb b - n- s e - pw.""B Z y - ne pw A h- k m - \ - ne p w Bm-hns Cu Ah-bn hnebw {]m]n-bvp-p. CmpXp a[y-n-ep-an Fp-dm-Wv.''CXns ASni-c ]d- bp- Xv am\-k- hr-n-I hgn Dm-Ip ssZzX- m-\-n hnNmcw sNbvXm PmK-cn-X-m\w Ab`mhw BZys c-h--I-fnepw \ne-\nevpw; Fm Ym-am-Wv. kz]v\m-h-I \psS a-h-I-tfmSv Cu XrXo-bm-h--bn AXp-m-hn Fm-Wv. kz]v\c- CW-m--Xp-sIm v Ab-Ym-am-sWp ]d-bm-saln-X-amb KmV-\n-{Z-bn \apv ]c-am-\--ckw A\p-`-hn- n PmK-cn-Xm-h-bnse A\p-`-h- kz]v\-tfmSp -

I tbmPn-p-n-spw ]d-p-IqtS? PmK-cn-Xm-h--bnse


A\p-`hsf-tm-se-s kz]v\m-h--bnse A\p-`h-fpw Ah-bpsS aWvU-e-n s]mcp--s-p- \npp-.v {]]--hkvXp- Bm-hns khn-ti-j-`m-h-fn-emWv bYm-ambn tXmp-Xv. PmK-cn-Xm-hbnse A\p-`-hfpsS am\ZWvUw kz]v\temIp] tbmKnpXpw As\ kz]v\temIs \nnbvp Xpw icnb. kz]v\m-h-bn-tebpw Pm{K-Xm-h-bntebpw A\p-`-h hyXykvX \ne-I-fn-em-sW-nepw Ab-Ym- amWv . kz]v\-c-ln- X- amb KmV-\n- {Zn-bn \apv _mly- amtbm B`y- c-amtbm hy-amb bmsXmcp t_m[hp-an-m Hc-h--bm-Wp--X.v AXv AmIm-c-ns ad-bvp-n t`Z-m-\-cln-Xamb Hcp ]pRvPam-Wv. Bmhv `mhm--I-amb ]c-am-\--am-W.v AXv PmKr-Xntbm kz]v\tam kpjp-]vXntbm A. Cu aq-h-Ipw kmn- b mbn km-X n- i m- b n-b mbn hn- b v p Xpcobmh--bm-Wv. Bm-hn-s\--n-bp-ff {]iv\w D]-\n-j-n-I-fn N sN-s hnj-b--fn apJy-am-Wv. AXp A[ym--hnZy F t]cn `K-hKo-X-bnepw thZm--kq-{X--fnepw hopw hcp-p. B-kz-cq]-ns hnt-jWw D]-\nj-p-I -fpsS kzm-W v. AXv ]mc- -cym-hImi-ambn XpSp-h hnNm-c-im-kv{X-v Inn. CXp-aqew ]e anYym- k - -e v] - - f p- a p- m- b n. B- k z- cq- ] - s - n _p\pw i-c\pw I]n-e\pw ]X-RvPenbpw hncp-knm-- D-bn-n-p-v.

{_w
AssZz-X-]-c-amb Bibw EtKz-Z-Im-ev Dm-bn. kZm{In-bm-io-ehpw Fm imiz-X-hn-{iaw sImp--Xp-amb \nXym-m-hns\ X-kw-K-X-ambn hymJym-\nm-\p D-chm-ZnXzw D]-\n-jp-I Gs-Sp-p. asm-cn-Sv Xmgv-X-e-n InS-n-cp A]qm-i-b- Db \ne-b n- s en IqSp-X ka- - f m- b n. ssXncotbm]\n-j-n D-t]m-se, ]tcm-KXn {]m]n-Xpw \mw Ip. aqmw hn-bn ]p{X ]nXm-hns\ kao]nv Fm hkvXp-fpw P\nv hnI-kn-psXhnsS \ntm, Ah-km\samw aS-p-sX-hn-tSbvtm B ]cam- k - -b psS kz`mhw D]-t Z-i n- p-X - c-W -s ap {]mn-bvp-p. A aI\v {_-ns kmam-\y-e-W ]d-p-sIm-Sp-p. {]kvXpX e-W Xr]vXn-I-c-ambn H hkvXpsh Xncp ]nSn-bvm\pw ]d-p. ""GsXm-n \nv Cu hkvXp- P\n-bvpp-thm, P\nv GsXm-p- sImp Pohn-p-p-thm, arXypZ-i-bn GsXm-n-tebvp {]th-inp-pthm AXmWv {_w.'' {]]--nse ]Z- -sfmw Fpw BIrXn amdnsmn-cnp-p. AXp-sImp ]c-am-cq-]-n Ah kXy-am-sWp KWn-bvm h. Ftmgpw amdnsm-n-cn-bvp \ma-cq-]m--I-amb Cu hniz-ns ]m--e-n Hcn-epw amdmsX nc-am-bn-cn-bvp Hcp k-bptm? D]-\n-j-ns ]cn-`m-j-bn PKv \ma-cq-]m--I-am-sWp ]d-n-cn-bvp-p. ]p{X {]IrXn-sb-s ]c-ak-bmbn KWn-bvpp; _mly-{]]--ns Ghpw {][m-\-h-i-am-Wtm {]Ir-Xn. temIm-

b-Xn-I-m-cpsS `uXn-I-hm-Zn-I-fpsS A`n-{]m-b-an-Xm-W.v {]IrXnsb ]c-a-k--bmbn AwKo-I-cn-m Pohn-X-kw-`-h-fpsS apgp-h\pw hni-Zo-Ic-W-am-Ibn Fp ]p{X Ffp-n a\-n-em-n. h\-kv]-Xn-h-ns hnIm-kn\v thsdmcp hymJym\w Bh-iy-am-Ipw. aI {]mWs\ AYhm Pohs\ ]c-am-k--bmbn FSp-p-Im-p-p. {]Ir-Xn-sb-q-SmsX Poh\v (Po-h-i-n-bvv) \ne-\nm\-hn-s-nepw {]Ir-Xn-bn Poh-c-lky-ns kmn-yan-. PU-]Zm-sf Dsm-m\pw Ahsb cq]-am-n\p Al-am-m-\pap hntj-i{]-`mhw Poh-i-nbv p- v . C tX i n- b mWv a\p- j y- i - c o- c - n ktkym]-sf chpw Anbpw t]in-I-fp-ambn amm klm-b n-bvp auen-I-X-X zw. AJne hniznepw hym]n-Xpw a\p-jys\ CX-ckr-jvSn-Ifp-ambn _n-n-p-Xpw Cu XXzwXs-bm-Wv. {]mW icoc-km-c-am-sW-nepw {]Ir-Xn-bn\npw hyXy-kvX-co-Xn-bnemWv Pohn-X - ns hyh--s bv ]p{X-\ p-d- p-v . Fm {]iv\]-cn-l m-c-ambn {]mWs\ ]c-a-k-bmbn AwKo-Icn-mepw Abmp Xr]vXn-bm-Ip-n-. Fsm {]mWn-tem-I-n \ap\p-`-h-am-Ip tNX-\m{]-Xn-`m-k-sf Poh-\XXzw sImv hymJym-\nm km[y-a-. a\v AYhm {]Xy--amb m\m--I-tNX\ Poh-in-bn \npw {]Ir-Xn-bn \npw XnIpw hneW-amb Hcp hkvXp-hm-Wv. AXv {]mW-{]-{In-b-bpsS intcm-aIp-Sam-sWp tXmp-p. AXp-sImp ]p{X a\-mWv {_-sap hniz-kn-bvp-p. F-meXpw ]cym]vXam-Ip-n-tm. tIhew {]Xy m\w- sImv hymJym-\n-bvm Ign-bm _un-I-kw- `-h-sf{Xtbm ImWmw. hnm-\-amWv {_w. _un-I-X-e-n ssZzX`mh-ntbpw _mly-X-bp-tSbpw XXz--fp-s hkvXpX {]Zin-n-p-I-bmWv D]-\n-j-p-I-fpsS eyw. m\-nepw [mn-IPo-hn-X-nepw hnj-b-hn-j-bn-_-ap-v. ksb m\-ns ]cn-`m-jbn \nb{np \nm-n-Sv tIhe _pn-bn\n-p-b DIr-jvS-amb Ftm Hp-m-bn-cn-bn--Ww. k-bnep sFIy-ns Bhiyw \mw _un-IXe-n - \np-b-c-Wsa-m-Wv. hnNmcw \mw a\-n-em-m-dp-t]mse Zqsc \nevp-Xpw hnNm-c-{]-{In-b-bn \np `nhp-amb hnj-b--tfm-SmWv _-sp {]hnvp--Xv. AXv Xn\np ]pd-v, Xn\np `nhpw hncp- kz-`m-h- ap--Xp- amb GtXm Hn-tebvv tXSn-sb-pp. bYm-k hnNm-c-n\np `n-amWv; Adn-bp-h\pw Adn-b p hnj- b hpw Adnhpw (m-X mhpw m\hpw t-b-hpw) Hm-bn-o-cp-p. Zmi-\n-IhnNm-c-ns At\z-jWw Chn-sS-sbn Ah-km-\n-bvp-p . CXp-s Imp B\-- n-\ p-a o-s X-bmbn Hp-an FmWv \nn-jvS-am-Ip--Xv. AXp-X-s-bmWv ]c-a-k-. Cu B\w \nc-cw {Inbm-io-ehpw kpJm--I-hp-amb Hc-\p-`-hamWv; AYhm Ign-hns \nm-[amb {]tbm-Kam-Wv. iq\y-n hnfbn--e-, {]mWn ]qX {]m]n-em-Wn-X.v ""hnth-I-Zr-jvSn-tbmsS t\mp m\n-I Ah-cpsS AXypIr-jvS-amb m\w-sImv B\--cq]-\mbpw \nXy-kz-cq-]-\mbpw {]Im-in-bvp Bm-hns\ kmm-cnp-p. kXyw ]dm AXypIr-jvS-

I amb bYm-k-sb hni-Zo-I-cnm \mw Ak-a-

ambn \ne-\n-evp Cu {]]--n Fn-s\-sb-nepw cm-Wv, AXv Aaqtam aqtam F tNmZyw t]mepw hne-bn-cp-mt\m hninjvSX kzoI-cn-mt\m \apv Ignbpn-k-l-a-. \mw GsX-nepw hn[-n-e-Xns\ hnh- bmsX hcpw. Cuiz-c\pw {_hpw {]mtbm-Kn-I-ambn Hpcn-bv-W-sav _un-Iamb Bhiy t{]cn-np- Xs FmWv D]-\n-j-p-I kqNn-n-p--X.v Ghpw p. AXns\ tIhew Aaq-ambn KWn-bvp--Xn-t\- kqva-X-tbmsS Zmi-\n-I-ZrjvSym IrXy-ambn hnth-N\w m aq-ambn KWnp--XmWv IqSp-X bYm-am- sNbvXv \mw B-t_m-[tmsS ""Rm\m-Ipp Rm'' hp-I. Db XXz--sfmw AXm-Xn \np Xmgv XXz- Fp ]d-bp-tm ]c-a-k--bn \np AXyw Npcp-sf-m aqhpw ka-th-Xhp-am-Wv. AXp-sImp n-b, Iev]n-bvm am{Xw Ign-bp-, eLp- -Xz-ap-sp {_w-X-s-bmb B\w as-m-n-t\-mfpw k-{Km- ]d-tb-n-hcp-p. Cu A-iq\yw aXn-bmbn i-c\v ln-bm-W.v Fm hkvXpfpw AXn\npdp hcpp. Fm-n\pw B[m-c-`q-Xhpw kXy-hp-amb hnip--k-sb AXn\ms Fm hkvXp-fpw nXnsNpp. tZi-Im-e--fmepw Imc-Wmepw B_--amb {]]-HSp-hn Fmw AXn-te-p-Xs hnebw {]m]n-bvp- ns D]-nbvv Ic-W-am-n-om . hnip-p. J\n-P, h\-kv]-Xn-PKv, {]mWn-Pm-ew, a\p- {_- - s - n hnNmcw sNm XpS- p- - t XmsS - jy-k-aqlw C-s\-bp hnhn-[-`m-K-v B ]c-tam- iq\ys t`Z-I-X-Xzhpw AXp-t]mse km-[m-c-hp-am-X-k--bp- am-bp _w tIhew Aaqtam bm{n- p-p-sv D]-\n-j-p-I ]tcm-- ambn kzoI-cn-bvpItam A. Ah-sbmw Ah-bvm-[m-c-`q-Xamcnp p. kwL-Sn-X-amb ]q-k--bmbn ]noSp hnI-knhym]-I-amb Hn-\p-n GIo-`q-Xambn \np-p. Cu bvp m\-kz-cq-]-\mb Cuiz-c kns A[n{_mnepff Fm `mKfpw k hym]Iamb Imw-ihpw Ak-ns \yq\mw-i-hp- am-W.v _mly-X-bp-ambn Cu BXva mhns AwifmWv . Ah AXmXns AXn\p _hpw Ipd-hm-Wv. ]c-am-k {]]-khcpXnpff Imcy \nlnm\mbn khntij bpsS cq]-n {]I-S-am-Ip-p. CXp-sIm-p-Xscq]w ssIsmp \ne\npp. Cu hn`m-K-sm- bmWv {]]-n-ep hnhn-[-h-kvX p-fpw Dsmn\pw kzX-{-amb AkvXn-Xz-an-. B Hns B{in- p bYm k-bpsS tXmXp-I-s f, ]c-a-k -X- ` m-K - -f m-s W- mw. thcp- I tatempw imJ- I bn\nv Ah-bn-tebvp hkvXp--fn-semw tZiw Iogvt]mpw ]Sp-]n-Sn k\m-X\amb Biz--hr-- Imew ImcWw Fo kmam\y LS-I--sf-tm-se-s - ap-v. AXp Xs-bmWv Dz-e-amb {_w. AXp Xs {_-ns A`n-hy-nbpw {]Xy--am-Ip-p-v.cmam-\pAar-X w. AJn-e - h n- i zhpw AXn HXp- p- p. Hcp Ps aq-{_-hpw i-cs Cuiz-c\pw B hnip-hkvXphpw AXns ]pdp t]mIp-n-.'' {_--tmSv G-hp-a-Spp \nevp--h-bm-Wv. CXn-ep-a\mw ]c-ak-sb B\--am-sWp hymJym-\n-p. [n-Iw -A-Sp--ap Hns\ Duln-bvm IqSn km[y-aCXp-sImv ]c-a-k Ahym-tJy-b-am-sWp km[m-cW . ktmIr-jvS-amb {_tam AYhm B\-tam ]d-p-h-cm-dp A`n-{]m-bs Jn-bvp-I-bm-Wp-m- hnm-\-n-ttbm B- ssN-X- \y-n-ttbm \ne- bn b-Xv. kmw-K]q-amb ksb Adn-bm-\p cN-\m- tkzbm kzoI-cn ]cn-[n-I-tfm-Sp-IqSn hyn-cq-]-\mb - I-amb Fm {]b- Xv\hpw km[m-c-W- bmbn sNs-pI Cuiz-c-\m- bn-o- cp-p. Cuiz- c As-n Bmhv GIaq-amb Hcp ]q-X-bn-em-Wv. aq-amb B\--amWv Xz-ns AkvXn-hm-c-amWv; {]IrXn AYhm A\m-mhv {]mamWn-Ik AXhm hnNm-c-i-n-bn A`n-hy-- _lp-Xz-X-X z-am-Wv. am- Ip bYmyw. CXn- s\-bmWv cmam- \p- P ktmIr{_hpw Bmhpw jvS-amb {_-ambn kzoI-cn-n-p--Xv. ka-kvX-Kp-Whnjbw hnj-bn, _vw Bm, km-`u-a-X Xzw fn\npw kzX-{-amb hnip {_-amWv \ncp-]m-[nI B-XXzw Cu bp-I- kam-\-fmWv, A`n--k AYhm i-c kzoI-cn-n-p \npW {_w. fm- W.v {_- amWv Bmhv. ""a\p-jy-\n-ep Cu {_hpw BZy-tXv (cm-am-\p-Pt-Xv) kphy-h-n-Xamb ]q- kqcy-\n-ep Cu {_hpw cpw Hp-X-s-bm-Wv. EtKzk--bmWv; cm-a-tXv (i--c-t-Xv) Ahym-tJy-b-amb Z-n {]Xn-]m-Zn Cuiz-cs km-Xn-im-bn-Xz-`m-h\ bYmy-am-Wv. i-cs aX-n--\p-k-cnv cm-a-t- ChnsS km-cym-an-bpsS `mh-ambn ]cn-Wan-n-cn-bvpX-pX- sbpw Hm- a-t-Xmbn kzbw hnf-p-p. AZr- p. A\w km- n\p ]pd- ; km- n- pjvSn-sImv mX-amb k-bm-Is ]q-m-\-am- n-s-bm-Wv. D]-\n-j-p-I-fpsS m\-]mTw hnjsWp tXmp-p. bn\n-jvT-am-b-XmWv Cu am-n-\p--c-hm-Zn. {_hpw X-knamb AXyp-X k-sb-bmtWm AYhm Bmhpw Xn-ep XmZm-y-n {i sNep-pI! ]c-ak-sb BtWmB\--ambn KWnt-Xv F Fm AXns alXzw D]-\n-j-p-I-p-dv Ahkt-ln \nmWv Fm hmZ-{]-Xn-hm-Zhpw D-hn-- bp-mb Ime-n\pw tZi-n-\p-a-p-d-v. Fn-bn-p-sXv {]Xy--am-Wv. i-cm-Nm-cy kan-p hn[w Xm-bn-mWmw. C\nbpw Fsmw ssZhn-I-m-\-fpw Ai\w sImv {]m]n-t--Xmb kc-famb \ncp- Ip-] n- Sp- - -f p-a mWv hn{i-a - a n- msX Kth-j Ww ]m-[n-I-{_--tbpw cmam-\p-Ps aq-amb ]q-{_- sNp Pnm-k p- -f psS apn {]Xy- -a m-I m-tbpw kv]jvS-amn thXn-cnp ImWn-bv p \ncnbvp-sXp ]d-bm Ign-bn-. `mhn-bnse XXz-hnsXfn AXnn- tc-J-I-sfmpw D]-\n-j- p-I hcp Nmcw \ho-\hpw Akm-[m-c-W-hp-amb GsXmw am-shn-n. C\n \ma-Xns\ thXn-cn-bvp-]w aq- f-hXcn-n-mepw icn, Cu Zmi-\n-I-XXzw nc-ambn - -

10

I \nevpw. CXn \nv Hcp-X-c-n-ep hyXn-bm-\-fpw


Dm-h pI kw`m-hy-a- .'' hnjb-hn-j-b n-I -f psS Cu XmZmyw tIhew Hc-kv]jvS-k-ev]w am{X-a, bpnbp--amb hnNmcw, A\p-`-hw, Cm-in Ch-bpsS ^enXm-am-Wn-Xv. {]IrXn hnNm-c-tbm-Kyhpw tXmen-]n-bvs-Sm-hp-Xpw kvt\ln-bvm sImm- hp--Xp-am-bn-cp-ns-n a\p-jym-m-hn\v AXn-s\-p-dnv hnNm-cn-mt\m AXns\ Iogvs]-Sp-mt\m kvt\ln-bvmt\m Ign-bp-ambn-cp-n-. {]IrXn Hcp hnjbnbpsS hnj-b-am-Wv. XnIpw _pn-K-ayhpw bpn-kw-K-Xhpw hi-s-Sp-m Ign-hpXpw kvt\ln-bvm Al-hp-am-Wv. a\p-jy-\p-th-nbmWv CXv \ne-\n-evp--Xv. \-{X-k-aqlw AXns I sImfp- n-s h Zo]- -f mWv; A-I mcw AXns\ Dd- m-\p Xmcm-p-]m-pw. {]IrXn Pohn- X-ns Bo-b-bm-Ymy- n-tebv v \s hnfn-bv pp; Bm-hns Bh-iy-I-X-Isf \nd-th-p-Ibpw sNp-p. {]Ir-X nsb \nn-bvp- Xpw in-s -Sp- p- Xpw sImp-\S-p-Xpw Fmw Bm-hp-Xs-bm-Wv. a\pjy hnNm-cn-m XpSnb Imew sXmv hnjb hnjbn-I-fpsS Cu GI-Xzw, Fm-nepw hym]n-Xpw Fm-nt\bpw X n Dsm-p--Xp-amb Hcp tI{-k-bpsS AkvXnXzw; `-P-\--fpsS knm--ambn hnbvp-p. aX-]-camb cl-ky-hm-Zhpw AKm-[amb [\n-jvTbpw "AXp \o BIpp' "XXz-akn' FX valmhm-Iy-ns bmYmy-n\p kmn-bmWv. \ap-Xp a\-n-em-bn-s p hcmw. Fm AXn-s \- - n-bp AX \ap--Xns\ \ntj-[n-bvm th{X Imc-Wam-Ip-n- . {_s k w_- n- p hnhn[[mc- W - I Bkw- _-n-I-fmb hnhn-[m- i--tfmSpw tbmPn-bvp-pv. adn-p-ap-.v PmKrXn kz]v\w kpjp]vXn Bm-hns kam-[y-h Chsb ]nm- es thZm-- {K---fn thXn-cnp kv]jvS-amn ]d-n-p-v. Ah {_s kw_-n hnhn-[-[m-c-WIsf A\p-Iq-en-bvp-p-ap-v. ]c-{_w B\w Xs-bm-Wv. AXp \mem-as AXmbXv Xpco-bm-h--bn A`n-hy--am-Ip B kzcq]w Xs-bmWv. AhnsS hnj-bhpw hnj-bnbpw Hm-Ip-p. {ZjvSmhpw ZrjvSn-bpw Zr-iyhpw (Im-Wp-h\pw ImWp-Ipw ImW-s-Sp- -h- kvXp-hpw) Hcp kq-{_-- n kt-fnv GIm-Im-c-am-Ip-p. Bmhv a\p-jys am\kn-Ihpw {]mW-i-n-`q-Xhp-amb B-`m-h-tmSv XmZm yw m]n- b v p- t m {_w Cuiz- c - t bpw a\pjymmhn-tbpw CS-bvp lnc-Wy-K` AYhm hnizm-m-hmbn Iotgmp hcp-p. EtKz-Z-ns kzm[o-\in ImWmw. hniz-n\v Hcp tNX- \bpw Hcn-m-i-nbpw Dsv Icp-Xs-Sp-p. a\v Ftmgpw ico-c-tm-SpIq-sS-bn-cn-bvp-p. a\-ns hnkvXr-X-]-cn-]mSnI icoc-ns hnkvXr-X. hyh-I-tfm-sSm-p-t]m-Ipw. \mw Pohn-bvp Cu hniz-n\v kz-ambn Hcp a\-pv; Cu a\v lncWyK`-\m-Wv. Cu hnizmmhns\w_ npff Bibw D]\njpIfn ]e \mafnepw cq]fnepw ImWmw CXns\ Imcy{_sap ]dbpp. ImcW{_amb Cuizc\n \nv `namWv Cu

Imcy{_w; krjvSnbvsSp Fm hkvXpfptSbpw kapbamWv. AJne ImcyfptSbpw tNX\mIamb kapbw {_w AYhm lncWy K`\mWv. CXp kmm {_-n \nv kYm `n-a-. {_w hnip--am-W v, hyn-bm-Wv. AXoh kzm-cq-]a m-W v. GIhpw AZzn-Xo-b-hp-am-W.v Hcp L-n-eXp {kjvSm-hmbn AXmbXp Cuiz-c-\mbn ImW- s-Spp; asm ka-bpw AXns\ krjvSn-bmbn AXm-bXp lnc-Wy-K`s cq]n ImWp-p. Cu {_m-hp-IqSn {_-n\n-mWp--hn-bvp--Xv. ""AXp-Xs-bmWv {_m-hns Dh-m-\w.'' ka-kvX-hn-j-b-{]-]--tbpw Xmn \nevpXv hnj-bn-bm-Wv. B hnj-bn, hyn cq]n-Ifmb hnjbn-I-sfmw hnebw {]m]np Ign-mepw {]]--c-N\bpsS k-ev]-tm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bn-cnbvpp. \mw Bmhpw \psS ico-chpw Hm-sWp k-e v] n-bv p-tm {_w hniz-cq]n AXm-bXv hncm-m-bn-o-cp-p. hncmv ka-kvX-hp-am-Wv. kq-k--ev]-ns kmc-`q-X-am-W.v An At-l-ns inc-mWv; kqcy-N-{-m Ip-IfmWv; \mep Znp-Ifpw At- l-ns sNhn-I-fm-W.v Atl-n- -\n-p- Xs D`-hn {]kn--fmb thZ hmm-Wv. hmbp {]mW-\m-Wv. kakvX hnizhpw At-l-ns lrZ-b-am-Wv. At-l-ns ]mZ-fn \nmWv `qan-bp-m-bXv. hncm-ns icocw `uXn-I]Zm-fpsS kwln-X-bm-Wv. hncmv {]Xy--\mb Cuizc-\m-Wv. At-l-ns C{n-b- Znp-Ifm-Wv. Atl-ns icocw ]-`q-X-fmWv; At-l-ns tNX\-bm-Is ""Rm k-hp-amWv'' F `mh-\-bm {]Imin-b v p- -X p-a m-W v. hncm-S v] p-cp-j s hnIm-k - n\p apmbn hniz- {]--sbtm lnc-Wy- K`- s\tm ]d-bp kq{X-m-hns hnIm-k -ap-m-bn- -gn-n-cn-bv p-p. kqva-i-co-c--fpsS kwln-X-bm-W-tlns hml-\w. lnc-Wy-K`\p tij-amWv hncv {]mZp`-hn-bvp--Xv. hncm-ns cq]-n lnc-Wy-K` {]Xy--\m-Ip-p. ]camk k, Nn, B\w AXm-bXv nXn tNX\ ]c-a-kpJw Fn-h-bpsS cq]-n-emWv hn-bv]-sn-p--Xv. ""m\w, in, {Inb Ch-bm-WXns kzcq]w.'' AXp kzbw Imc-W -a mWv. {_w-kpw Nnkz-cq-]hpw A\--hp-am-W.v ]c-am-k Hcp hnNmc-a; Hcp in-b; Xosc A\m-k-amb _mly-hkvXp-hp-a. Fm-eXv ka-kvX-km-c`q-X-amb XXz-ntbpw Pohn- X -k - - b p- t Sbpw BZi- n- t bpw bmYmy-n-tbpw m\w, t{]aw, kucyw Ch-bptSbpw kPo-hamb sFIy-amWv. AXv \ntj-[m--Iamb A\n-n-X-X-Xz-a-s-n-cn-bv nepw app ]d--t]mse "t\Xn t\Xn' Fv \ntj-[n-p-sImt AXns\ hnbvm-s\m-p-I-bp-p.

Pohm- mhv
koan-X-]-Zm--fn Pohm-m-hn\v AXyp-X-bmYmy-ap-spw D]- \n-j- p-I m]n-bvp-p. AXv ]c-{_--a-s-nepw ]c-{_-tm-tS--hp-a-Spp \nevpp. km-amb Pohm-m-hns\ hniz-ns {]Xn-_n-_w_-sa \ne-bn hn-bvp D]-\n-jZzm-Iy--fp-apv. kmw A\-am-bn-o-cm thn {]bm-k-s-Sp -

11

I {]{In-b-bmWv Cu AJn-e-hn-izw-Xs. Cu {]p-_v[mh Pohm-m-hnepw ImWp-p. ssXn-co-tbm-]\n-jn--\p-k-cn hniz-{_-m-WU-ns ]e LS-I-fpw v Pohm-m-hn ImWp-p-v. An-bpw Pehpw ]rYznbpw A\--k--tbm-Sp-tNmWv Pohm-m-hns\ krjvSn-np--sXp ]d-n-cn-bvp-p. bYm k-bpsS hnhn-[m-h-I Hp-tN-cp kt-f-\-m-\-amWv am\-h. {]mW hmbp-hn\pw AXmbXv ico-c-nse izmtkm-zmkw PK-n \nc-cw hoip Imn-\pw, a\v BIm-i-n\pw AXm-bXv am\h a\v hniz-nse A-co(Cu-X)-n\w A\-cq-]-fm-bncnp-p. qe-i-co-cam-Is hniz-ns `uXnI-hkvXp-tfmSpw B\p-cq]yw hln-p-p. a\p-jym-mhn\v Pohk--bpsS Fm Ah-I-tfmSpw ASn-apSn _-ap-v. AXn-\p-n Hcp Znhy-X-Xz-ap-v. AXp-sImmWv \mw ]c-am-\w \Ip tNX\ Fp hyh-l-cnp B\-m-h-bp-m-I-Xv. AXp-hgn A]q-k`--fn \apv (a-\p-jym-m-hn-\v) {_-tmSv Ghp-a-Sp k-ap-m-Ip-p. koan-X-amb "Alw' Asn ico-c-[m-cn-bmb Poh C{n-b--tfmSpw a\-tmSpw _np \np Bm-hm-Wv. hn`n- X - z- An-c- a mb kam-\ -X -t bmsS hn-bvp-p. ""cp ]n-Ifp-v. Htc Xe-n-ep-h, AXy--an-{X-. Htc hrs B{i-bn-n-cn-bvpp. Ah-bn-s emv a[p-c-a mb ^ew Xnp-s Im- n-cnbvpp. Fm atXv X XnmsX AXv t\mnsm-n-cn-p-p. AtX hr-n-t hniz hr-nt a\p-jy Cuiz-c-t\mSp IqsS Xma-kn-p-p. Xs Npn ]nSn-n-cn-bvp ti-fpw IjvS--fpw ImcWambn aqn-pp; Xs \n-lm-bm-h--bn ZpxJn-pp. Fm AXv at-Xns\- - m-Wp-tm PK{]-`p-hmb Xs Iqp-Im-cs\ ImWp-tm B Zhy kn-[n-bn aXn-a-d-m-m-Znp-p. lm Fsmcp tPymXnv! AtXmsS Ahs ti- Zqsc-b-I-ep-p.'' {]mIr-X\pw Znhy\pw Xn nc-amb s]mcpw {]m]np Ign-n-n-. Pohmm-hns k \nc-cw ]cn-Wan-p-sIm-n-cnp-p. Xm\-m Hns\ {]m]n-m ]nXp-Sp {]b-Xv\np-sIm-n-cn-p-p. a\-jy-\n-ep Pohm-mhv A`n-apJo-I-cn- p--{]-i v\ -amWv \m\m-Xzw. AXn GIXzw m]n-m A\-m-mhv Pohm-m-hns\ Blzm\w sNbvXp-sIm-n-cn-p-p. kmhpw A\- hpw Xn-ep Cu ]nSn-hen hniz-{]-{In-b-bn-ep-S-\o-f-ap--Xm-W.v AXv am\h-tN-X-\-bn-sen aq\yw {]m]np-p. Ahs PohnX-nse _un-Ihpw sshIm-cn-Ihpw ss\Xn-I-hp-amb Fm hipw Cu kwLjw A\p-` -h -s - Sp- p. hynXzw \ntjw hne-bn-np-Ibpw, kms A\-amn ]cn-h\w sNp-Ibpw, am\-hXsb Znhy-Xbn apgp-Inbpw sNbvXm am{Xta a\p- -jy\v ]qt{]- a-n-tbpw ]q- kzm- X-{n- tbpw \nXy-k-Xy- hnf-p Cuizckm{am-Py-n-tebvv {]thiw e`npI-bp-p. Fm-eXv am\-h-cq]w [cnv km-ambn hnp-t-S-tmfw AXn\v ^e-{]m-]Xn-bp-m-hn-. An-av eyw {]m]nm\pw Ign-bn-. Cu kwLj-n-m-[m-

c-ambn ImW-s-Sp k Xn\np Zqc-tbvv hncNq-pp; AXp-sImv am\-Po-hn-Xtbpw AXn{I-anp apI-fn-temv t]mtI-Xmbn hcp-p. km-amb Pohm-mhv kzbw-]q-amb k-b-. An-s\bmsWn ]c-am-mhv Pohm-m-hn-\m ]cn-an-X-amb asmcp kz{-hy-n-bm- bntm-Ipw. Bm-hns bYmXbmWv A\-w. Hgn-hm-t-p Ab-Ym-X-b-mWv kmw. A-cym-an-bmb Bm-hns\ ths]-Sp-n-bm km\mb Pohm-mhv Xp- n- ep bYm-X-tbbpw ssIhnp-Ifbp-p. A\-ns kmn[yw Dn-ep-m-Ip-- Xp-sIm-mWv a\p-jym-m-hn\v Db ]Zhn e`n-p-Xv. Pohm-mhv Dm-Ip-Xpw \ne-\n-m Ign-bp-Xpw hniz Pohn-X-n\n-m-Wv. Bmhv ]q-amWv. (Sub Specie acternitztis) Bm- Hp asm-ns\ AIse amp-Ibpw At\ym\yw _ln-jvI-cn-p-Ibpw sNpp F knm-np Hcp a\x-im-kv{X-XXz-ap-v. Cu _ln-jvIr-Xm-h--bpsS {]Xo-Xn-sIm-p-am{Xw Bmhv kYm thdnp \npp Fp A\p-am-\n-t-Xn. ChnsS ]rYzw Hcp Xc-n t`Z-{]oXoXn am{X-amWv. CXns\ kmZr-iy-am-bn-mWv Icp-tX-Xv. Am-]w CXv tIhew \psS a\-p-I-fpsS A]-Ij-Wambv t]mIpw. thdn-p-\n-p Bm--fpsS k]w kXyw, \, kvt\lw Fo BZi-v m\w \Ip-I-bn-. C{]-Imcw a\-jy Cp \ne-bn ]q-\-spw Cp bYm-n-ep Bm-hn-t\m Db GtXm Hp-spw AXns\ {]m]n-pXp a\x-im-nv AXym-h-iy-am-sWpw Hcp ap[m-cW-bp-m- Ip-p. Pohm-m-hns kzX- {-k-sb ]cn-tim[n-m AsXmcp shdpw {`aw am{X-am-sWp \app a\- n-em-Ipw. kap- Zm-b- n\n--I-m a\p-jy ]nssb-sm-mWv? a\p-jy\v Xn Xs-bp kmam-\y-a\-mWv bmYmyw \Ip- -X.v kzw \ne-bn Ah as-m-bmepw am\-h\m-Ip-n-. hnhn-[-cq-]-fn-ep kapZmbtNX-\sb kw_-n-t-S-tmfw CXv kXy-amsW-n, Hpw Ipd-h-, kmap-Zm-bn-I-X-tb-m IqSp-X DIr-jvS-amb kmam-\y-a-\n-s\-w-_-n-pw! km-fmb a\-p-I aX-nepw aX-n-\p-th-nbpw B[ymn- I-amb Hcp ]q-L-S-Is \nn-p- p-v. Fm bYm-n-ehbvv Ah-km\w t\mp-tm ImWmhp aq-cq-]-an-. Hc-Zr-iy-k-ap-Zm-b-nse AwK- F \nebvmsX Ahbvp Xnsc bmYmy-hp-an. Npcp--n ]d-bmw, A-cym-an-bmb Bm-hns\ Hgn- p-a m- n-bm ]ns aX-n\p thsd Bm- _mn-bp- m-hn-. hyn-bmb Pohm-mhv Xmgv Xc-ns] PU{]-Ir-Xn-tbmSv a-cnp temI-n D-X-\mbn \npp-s-nepw A\p-`-h-tbm-Ky--fmb D-X-h-kvXp--fn kap-X-\-. \nc-cw {]b-Xv\np-Xpw Fm kzct-bn-m-p-amb a\p-jym-mhv Xs B-kzm-X{yhpw ka-c-kX km[n-m-ep BmZhpw B\-kzcq-]amb {_m-\--ckhpw Bn-t-Xp-v. a\pjys Df-fn-ep Cuiz-c Xs-m Xncn- -dn- bp- tm am{X-ta, BZiw AXns ^e-{]m-]vXn-bn-se-p-tmtg

12

I a\p-jy\p Xs ]c-ae-ys ]q-am-m Ign-bq. a-c-fpw At\ym- \y-hn- tcm-[fpw Pohn-X-nse hntcm[m-`m-k-fpw A]q-amb hnImkns e-Wfm-Wv. AXn-s-Xn-cmbn ]c-kv]c-sm-cp-hpw ktmjhpw imnbpw hnIm-k-{]-{Inb ]q-am-sb-Xn\p sXfn- hm-Ip-p. Pohm-m-hp- X-s- bmWv bp-t-{Xw. AhnsS--s-bmWv acw \S-p-Xv. BZiw ]q-amIp-hm bpw Ah-km-\n-bvWw; hntcm-[--fn\n-pmb thZ\ ian-p-Ibpw thWw. Atmtg ]qn-sbnb a\p-jy-\n Bcw-`n-p Cuiz-cs\ {]m]nm\p {]h-WXbvv XnIpw ^e-{]m-]vXn-bp-m-hq. PKnse asm hkvXp--tf-mfpw Db-h\mWv a\pjy. A\--tmSp tN Hm-Ip-tm-gmWv Ahs ]c-a-eyw \nd-th-dp-I. {]Ir-Xn-bn Poh-in Hfn-ncn-p-v. PohnXw hnI-knp-tm {]Ir-Xn-bpsS ]c-aeyw \nd-th-dp-p. Poh-in Xn tNX-\sb Hfnnp kqn-pp; AXp tNX-\sb XnIpw tamNnnp Ign-bp-tm Pohs eyhpw ]q-am-Ipp. {]bpWp {]XyamhptmgmWv tNX\bpsS eyw ]qoIcnpXv. DXamb Ai\ nsen apgpIptm {]-bpsS kXyw kwkn-am-Ip-p. B Ai-\-am-Is hnNm-ctam hnIm-ctam Ctbm A; hnNmc-ns eyhpw C-bpsS {]m]ym-\hpw hnIm-cns ]q-X-bp-am-Wv. km-amb Pohm-mhv ]c-am-m-hns\ Xms\-p-\n-n-d-n-h-pthm B ]c-{_-s {]m-]np-tm Bo-b-Po-hn-Xhpw eyw {]m]n-p-p. ""m\n-bmb Hcp a\p-jy\v Pohmmhv k-kz-hp-am-Ip-p. Cu sFIyw Hcn- IpI-gn Bv ]noSv ZpxJ-sav? IjvS-sav?''

m\p \nnX-e-y-am-Wv.

D]-\n-j -p-I-fnse [-i mkv{ Xw


PKv ]pd-s-p-h-cp-Xv ]c-am--m-hn \nm-Wv. AXp-sImp Ahn- sS- s hn{i-am\w Is- -Ww. {]]-{]{Inbbnem-Zyw km-\-f-\--am-m \Sp ]cn-{iaw \mw ImWp-p. _mn-bp CX-ckmwkm-cnI hkvXp--sf- tm-se-s a\p-jy Xn A\-ns k-ap-s--dnv ktm-- X-\mb ]cam mhns\ {Klnbvm ssI \opp. Fm ]nIfpw XfpsS Bhmkhrntebv v ]dp t]mIpw t]mse Cu PKmsI B ]c-am-m-hn-tebvv t]mIp p ""Rm An-cn-bn-p--t]m-se-s A-bn {]th-in-bvstbm? {]t`m As-n {]-th-inbvp Rm ]hn-{X\pw ip-\p-am-Is, {]t`m'' ""Av Fs hn{i-a-m-\am-Wv.'' Cuiz-c-t\mSv sFIyw {]m]n-emWv a\p-jys BZiw. {]]--nse Fm hkvXp-fpw A\-s Xnc- bp-I-bmWv; Fm a\p- jy-\p- am-{Xta ]ca-e-y-s-p-dnp [mc-Wbp-p CXp Xs-bmWv a\pjy-tN-X-\bpw ap {]m]-n-I-]-Zm--fp-am-bn-p A-cw. bpK-bp-Km--c-fmbn \S-p hnIm-k-]cn-Wm-ap tij-amWv a\p-jy\v al-mb hnjz-]--Xn-sbp-dnv t_m[-apmbXv. A\-ns Blzm-\-sf Adn-bm Aht\ Ign-bq. Ah Xs-m-n-cn-bvp kzo- b-]- Z-hn-bn- tebvp t_m[-]qw k-cn-bvp-Ibpw sNp-p. ]c-{_w km-\mb Pohm-m-hn\p sNs

CXv A-Xyw D-Xhpw ]q-hp-amWv Ghp-a[nIw Bimkyamb BZi-am-Wv. Cmcyw ]e-hn[-nepw {]Xn-]m-Zn--s - n- pv . ""AXv hni-n\npw Zmln\npw k-S-n\npw ]cn-{`-a-n \npw hm-Iy-n\n-pw arXyp-hn\npw tatebm-Wv.'' ""hniz-N- p- mb kqcy AXyw Zqcp nXn sNpp; Ip-Ip-m-Ip tcmK--sfmpw _m[nbvp-an-. AXp t]mse-s AJn-e-{]m-W-nI-fnepw IpSn-sIm-p Cu GIm-mhv Fm-n\npw AIp kwkm-c- Zpx-J--sfmpw hym]n-bvmsX \nn-]X-\mbn v \ne-sIm-p-p. \m\m-Xz-{]-]--n Pohn-bvp, Hcp p{Zm-m-hn\v k-kzhpw ]W-b-s-Sp-p-I, tcmKpw IjvSm-\p-`-h-pw hnt[-b-\mbn hnpI, CsXms Xo-bmbpw \n`m-Ky-am-W.v km kbn-tep \bn-p Imc-W-sf Hgn-hm-pI a\p-jys km[m-c-W-amb Dt-iy-am-Wv. \m\m-Xz-n \np GIXz-n-tep aS-n-hcnI Hcm-Zi-e-y-amWv; AXv ]ca-{]-[m-\hp-am-Wv. AXp a\p-jymsI kwXr-]vXn-bp-fhm-p- p. ssXn-co-tbm-] -\n-j-n-\p-k-c nv AXv v""{]mWm-cmaw a\ B\w imn-k-arw AarX''amWv. ""Poh\pw a\-n\w ktm-j-hpw, imn-bp-tS-bpw, \nXyX-bp-tSbpw ]q-X-bp-am-W.v \mw sImXnp ]nXp-SpsIm-n-cn-p XmWXcw ey- PohnX ico-ctbpw am\-kn-I-amb B{K-l--sfbpw Xr]vXn-s-Sp-nsbp hcmw. Fm AsXmw CXn-eps-Spp; CXv Ahsb AXn-ibnp \np-p. \psS apn PohnX-nse hn`n--\n-e-I-\p-tbm-Py-amb ]e-Xcw kpJ-fp-apv; Poh-\in \Ip kpJw, C{n-bm-\p-`-hP-\y-amb kpJw, am\-kn-I-kp-Jw, _pn-]c-amb kpJw Ans\ ]e-Xpw. Fm Fm-nepw shv D-Xhpw DIr-jvS-hp-amb kpJw "B\w' X-bm-W.v '' kZm-Nm-c-Po-hn-X-s-n N XpS-cp--Xn-\p-ap-mbn D]-\n- -jp-I-fnse Zi-\-]--Xn-bn kZm-Nm-c-\n-b-a- Dm-Im-sa A`n-{]m-b-n-s-Xn-cmbn D-bn-bvp Bt-]--sf-p-dnp hnNmcw sNbvXp-t\mmw. Fmw Hm-sW-n kZm-Nm-c-]c-amb _- Fn-s\-bmWp-m-hpI Fsmcp tNmZyw s]mn-hcm-dp-v. ]c{_w ]q-am-sW-n ]noSv AXns\ {]m]n-bvm\p {]b-X\ns Bh-iyw-X-s-bptm? H-s-Sepw v ]c-kv]-c-t`-Zhpw a\p-jy-Po-hn-X--fn auen-I-am-bn-p-sn ]ns \tmSv Abm-cs\ kvt\ln-bvm\pw kvt\l-m kwkm-c-ns sFIyw t\Sm\pw ]d-bp-Xn-\an FmWv D]-\n-jp-I Nqn-m-p-Xv. Abm-cs\ kvt\ln-m \tmSv I]n-- -p psneXv Fmw Xs Hscm bYm-k--bn nXn-sN-p--Xp-sIm-m-W.v _mlyhpw An-c-hp-amb hyXy-kvX-XIsf AXnhn-m Rm\pw Fs Ab m-c\pw A-cm-m-hn Hp Xs-bm-Wv. ]q-ambp \nXy-ambpw hnip-\pw _e- hm-\p-amb bmm-mhv tZiIm-em- Sn-m-\-n \S-p ]cn-h-\--fn \npw tZi-Im- e--fn m\w- ]n-Sn-n-cn- p as-m-n \npw AXo-X-\p-am-Wv. \mw kzw Pohn-Xnepw A\ycpsS -

13

I Pohn-X-nepw GI-`mhw ImWpI FmWv XnI \tbm-Sp-IqSn Pohn-bvpI F-Xns Xm]cyw. km-\mb Bmhv AXns kp-Nn-X-amb hyn-Xzs AXnhnp ]q-tmSp XmZmyw {]m]n-p-tmtg a\pjys [mn-Ikz-`mhw Ftmgpw sImXn-p-sIm- n-cnp Cu BZiw \nd-th-m Ign-bq. tam-amw Btm--Xn-bpsS amK-amWv; \mw kzw hyn-Xzs AXn-hnv sNsn hn{iaw sImp bYm-k- bmWv AXyp--k- . B bYm k- sb-bmWv D]\n- j-p-I Dun- -d-bp-- X.v a\p-jy-\n Cuiz-c-\p-sp ]d-bp--Xp-sImp am{Xw Fm ]pcp-j-{]-b-Xv\pw kam-]vXn-bmbn Fw hcp-n-. Cuiz-c a\p-jy-\n-ep-sp Xobm-Wv. ]t, a\p-jy\v A\-h-[m-\XtbmSpw ]pcp-j-{]- b-Xv\hpw kwLjhpw IqSm-sX-bpw, ssIh-is-Spn \nm ]p hn[w {]Xy--cq-]n-e Cuiz-c a\p-jy-\n kmn[yw sImp-Xv; iIy-X-bpsS AYhm kw`m-hy- X-bpsS \ne- m-Wv. in-sImpw {Inb-sImpw Cuiz-cs\ ]nSn-s-Sp-t-Xv a\p-jys I-hy-am-Wv. AXp sNm Ign-bn-s-n a\p-jy-s\ \nev Ihy-NypXn hcp-p. a\p-jys Dn-ep Cuiz-c Hcp kXy-kw-`h-sa t]mse-s Hcp Npa-X-e-bp-am-W.v Hcp {]iv\-hp-amWv; Hcp ssIap-Xep-am-Wv. a\p-jy Xs Am-\-m `uXn-Ihpw am\-kn-Ihp-amb _mlym-hc-W--tfm-Sp-IqSn XmZmyw m]np-p. ]q-Xsb {]m]nm-\p C Ahs km-X-tbmSv AYhm ]cnan-XntbmSv a-cnp-p. ""Pohm-mhv Znhy kv^penw-K-fm {]Im-inp-p-s-nepw AXv ]q-ambpw Znhya-. At-l-ns ssZho-IX bYm-a-. ]q-Xsb {]m]n-bvm D-tS-bp Hco-iz-cmwiw am{X-am-W-X.v Cp \ne-bn-eXv aX-cnbpw tZh-X-bp-amWv; ]Xnbpw (Cu-iz-c) ]iphpw tNp-m-bXm-Wv. A\-oiz-c-XXzs Cmbva sNemWv [-im-kv{X-ns NpaXe; AXns\ \in-n-p-sIm-; ssZhoI in-sIm-Xns\ ]qcn-n-p-sImv.'' {]Ir-XnbpsS km-amb ss]Xr-I-n-t bpw B-k --bpsS A\---fmb BZi-fp-tSbpw CSbvv \np sshcpyamWv a\p-jy. Ah\v {]Ir-Xn-bp-sS -hn-irw-J-e- X-Xz-sf Cuizc-k--bn-tebvv Xmgvn-sm-p-hv Xs Pohn-Xeyw km[nm {]b-Xv\n-t--Xm-bn- p- v. Xs eLp Pohn-Xs aqSnb HmSv s]mnv t{]a-n-ep-cpIn Znhymm-hn-t\mSp tNsm-m-bn-o-cp-I-bmWv a\p-jys e yw. km - n- t bpw A \- - n- t - b p- a n- S v kwLj-kz-cq-]ambpw, ssZho Bkpco XXz-n-Sbn kw{Km-akz-cq-]-ambpw hn-p a\pjy PohnXs kw_-n-t-S-tmfw [-im-kv{X-kw-_--amb {]iv\-v AXyw {]m[m-\y-apv. kwLj-n\p thn P\n-h\mWv a\p-jy. FXn-\p-`-h-s-Sp-Xp- hsc Ah\v B-Zi\w e`np-Ibn-. B-k m- mm-c -a mWv [-i m-k v{ X- ns BZiw. B-m-\-]qI-amb kz`m-h-amWv kZm-Nmc-kz-`m-hw. Bm-sh--Xn\v Fm-cw Zu-eyhpw kwkvm-c-l m-\ n-b p-a p-, kzm-io-e hpw eLp-X z-

hpap, C{n-bm-\p-`-hw-sIm-p "Rm' F Xm]cy-sa-n, hyn-]c-amb kzm-ns Fm-Xcw _-\-fn \npw ap-\mb a\p-jy-s AKm-[kz-cq]-amWv Dn-jvSm-sa-n ap]-d hymJym\w icnbm-W.v arKo-bm-m-hns hmk-\-Ifpw hnIm-c--fpw, Alm-c-ns Pohn-X-hym-]vXnsb Npcp-p-p. AXp-sIm-hsb \ntcm-[np \nt--Xp-v. Bm-hns DXnbvpw AXyp--X-k--bpsS kmmm-c-n\pw thn XS---tfbpw FXn-cmb kzm[n-\-i-n-I-tfbpw HXpn \nt- n- b n- cn- p- p. [mnI PohnXw m\m--Ihpw X-kw-K-X-hp-am-Wv. AXp tIhew kl-P-hm-k-\-I- fp-tSbpw C{n-bm-\p-`-h--fp-tSbpw PohnX-a. ""Bm-hns\ ico-c-am-Ip cY-n nXn-sNp bP-am-\\m-b-dn-bp-I, _pnsb tXcm-fn-bmbpw a\ns\ ISn-m-Wm-bpw, C{n-b-sf IpXn-c-I-fm-bpw, C{nb-hn-j-b-sf cY-ho-Yn-I-fmbpw Adn-p-sIm-p-I. C{nb-fpw a\pw tN Pnh-m-hns\ hnth-Iim-en-I t`mm-shp ]d-bp-p Fm Zp-e\pw hnth-I-iq\y-\p-amb hyn-bpsS C{n-b- Ah-sm-Xp-n-\nevp-n-. Ahs C{n-b- tXcm-fn-bpsS hnd-fn-pXn-c-I-sf-tmse \nb-{Ww hntm-Sp-p. hnth-Inbpw ZrVNn--\p-amb hy-nbpsS C{n-b- tXcm-fn-bpsS A\pk-c-W-i o-e-cmb IpXn-cI -sf-tmse kp\n-b -{- -fm-bn-cnbvpp. m\-lo-\\pw hnNm-c-iq-\y\pw A]-hn-{X-\pam-b-h Hcn-epw Aar-XXzw {]m]np-I-bn; A`u-XnIm-h--bnepw Fp-I-bn-. Ah hopw hopw P\\- a - c - W - N - { I- - f n IpSp- n- - d - p- p. Fm m\nbpw hnth-I-im-enbpw ]cn-ip--\p-am-b-h hopw P\-\-a-cW-N-{I-n-tep aS-n-h-cm kpc-n-Xm-hsb {]m]n-p-p.'' B{K-l-fpsS ISn-m-Wn-m Hms XSp-t--Xp-v. Npm ]nSnp-Xv B{K-l-fm-sW-n Bm-hn I s]mfn-Xv Xo! a\pjy-Po-hn-X-ns [w AX-s-Xp Xs Imc-Ww. X-bpn \nt-inp BZis \mwkzo-I-cnpn-s-n, IqSp-X Db-X-c-n-ep Hcp [mn-I\n-b-as ssIsm-p-n-s-n, \psS PohnXw ey-ln-\hpw Dt-iy-c-ln-X-hp-amb arK-Po-hn-X-n\v Xpeyam-bn-tm-Ipw. kvt\lnpw shdp-pw, Dt-iyhpw ImcWhpw IqSmsX ]c-kv]cw Bt-jnpw Ipn-smpw A\n-b-X-ambn Xncp ]nSn PohnXw \bn-p-sIm-n-cnbv pw. kptJm-]-t`m-K-n-ep cks Fm-n\pw eyam-bn--Wm-p--]w \psS PohnXw a\ptjym-Nn-Xam hn[-n [-Nyp-Xambn Zpjnp - t]mIp-p. arK- X-fpsS kl-P-hm-k-\Isf D]tbm-Knp coXn-bn Xs-bmWv a\p-jy _pn-bps Imc-W-m am{Xw arK-kz-`m-h-n \np Hpw Db-cp-n. euIn-I- ]Zm-sf tZh-X-Ifmbn KWnp-Xpw Bcm-[n-p-Xpw Zpcm-Nm-cn-Ifm-Wv. ""Ctm hntcm-N\ Xs Nn-bpsS ]cn-Wm-an kwXr-]vX\m-bn. Akp-c-m-cpsS ASp-p tNv Ahp-]-tZiw \evIm XpS-n. tIhew ico-c[mcn-bmb Bm-hn-s\bmWv ]qPntXv. AXn-s\--s-bmWv tkhnt-Xv. ico-cs ]qPnpw AXns tkh-\n apgp-Inbpw -

14

I Ign-bp--h\v Cl-tem-Ihpw ]c-tem-Ihpw cpw {]m]vX-

\pw-Xs AXp \app Fn-p-Xcm-\m-hn-. \mw kmam-Ip-p. AXp-sImv Zm\w sNm--h\pw Cuiz-c-hn- h-k vXp-sf tXSp-p; Ah \app e`n-p-p-ap-v. izm-k-an-m--h\pw bw A\-jvTn-bvm--h-\p-amb Fm Ah-bn kr-]vXn-bn-, AJn-e-hn-iz-sbpw Hcp a\p-jys\ Ah Ctmgpw Akp-c-s\p ]d-bp- \mw B{I-anp Iog-SnFp hcmw; Atmgpw Iog-S-mp. ImcWw CsXmw Akp-c-m-cpsS knm--am-Wv.'' \mbn C\nbpw hniz--fp-m-bn-tm Fv tJZnv s\SpC-s\-bmWv \psS PohnXw \bn-bv-s-Sp-sX-n honSpw. ""Ah FhnsS Fn-tmepw Ahn-Spp AXv \njv^-e--fmb Bi-Ipw `b-pw hnt[- Apdw t]mIm- \ m- { K- l n- p- p. BI- i - p- X s b-a m- b n- cn- b v pw. ""hnth- I -] q-a mb Pohn- X - n sNsn Fp- shpI Ahn-Sppw At- p-d-tbvv sFIyhpw kmwK-Xyhpw kv]jvS-ambn ImWm Ign-bpw. t]mIm sImXnpw'' \-fn A[n-I]w Bfp-Ifpw a\p-jy-Po-hn-X-ns hnhn-[-`m-Kfpw {Ia-_--am-bn-cn- ""[\-k--ns am-n-emWv Ncn-bvp--Xv. Fm-embvpw. Hcp--Xm-Zis A`n-hy-RvPn-n-p--Xp-am-bn-cn- h-gn-bnshv ]ecpw \in-p-t]m-Ip-p.''C{n-b-hn-j-b-bvpw. Xbp-n- bpsS kYm-\v C{n- b- - fmWv \s fpsS Zmkyw hln-p-sImpw _mly-k--p-I-tfmSv Hn\bn-p-I-sb-n hnIm-cfpw hmk-\Ifpw An-ca- bn-cppw \mw kXym-m-hns\ ImWmsX t]mIp-p. ""[\t\m-hr-n-Ifpw am{Xw {]Xn-^-en-n-bvp Hcp ImSn m-sem-cp-\pw kpJn-X-\m-Im Ign-bn-.'' ""[\-tam-lam{X-am-bn-cnbvpw \psS Pohn-X w. ]c-kv]c-_--an- m aqV-\mb bphm-hns ZrjvSn-bn ]c-temI Nn m NnX-dnb kw`-h--fpsS Hcp Ne am{X-amb DZn-bvp-t-bn-. "CXp-X-s-bmWv temIw, asmcp temIPohnXw sImv Hcp {]tbm-P\hp-an-. AXn\v \nln- an' Fh Nnnp- p. C-s \-b -h hopw - bv m Hcp Imcy-hp-an-. t\Sm-s \mcp ey-hp-an- . hopw arXyp-hns ]nSn-bn s]Sp-p.'' ""Aar-XXz-sahnthI ]q-amb Hcp Pohn-Xn- Hmtcm I-]cn- s--dn-bp m\n-I Ch-nsS-bp A\n-Xy-h-kvXp]m-Snbpw AwKo-I -cn-s -Sp--X n\p apv BZy-ambn -fn \nXy-h-kvXpsh tXSp-n'' Cuiz-c-\n\n-p-hnXbpnbpsS tImSXn apmsI sIm-p-hcpw; D- tbmKw {]m]n a\p-jy ITn-\-Zpx-J-a-\p-`-hn-p-p, CuizX-eyw {]m]n-bvm AXn\v Ign-hptm Fv ]cn- c- t\m- Sp tN-sIm--msX asmp sImpw Ahs tim-[npw DNn-X-am-sWv Im Pohm-m-hns\ kzoI- lrZ-b-ns hnip ianp-I-bn-. BZi-kp--chpw cnbvpw'' If-ta-im-hn[w ]hn-{Xhpamb Hcp ksb {]m]nm thn-bp Bm-hns AXn-c B{K-l-sf temI-tmSp \nkzm-`-n-bp Pohn-Xw-X-sbmWv hnth-I-]q-amb Pohn-Xw. Pohm-mhv ]c-am-m- tZi-Im-em-h-[n-bp-Xpw C{n-b- _---fp-amb ]Zm-hns Awiw am{X-am-sWpw ]c-am-m-hns Imcy-sam- sf-smp \nd-th-m-\m-hn-, A\y-k-tbmSp t{]agnv Pohm-m-hn\v bmsXmcp kzm-Xm]-cy-hp-an- n-eqsS Hcp ]c-a-tbm-K y-k -sb {]m]n-bv m-\ p spw X-_pn \s D]-tZ-in-p-p. C{n-bm-\p-`- BZiw Is- m B{K-lnp--h ]e-cp-ap- v. h-tm-Sp-IqSnb thdn Pohn-Xap-s hnNmcw Ah Fm B A\-\y-k tZi-Im-em-h-[n-I-fp a\p-jymssIsbm- gn-mam-{Xta `mKy-n-tbpw Nm]-ey- ntbpw m- hm-Ip-t- S-tmfw Ah-cpsS BZiw Hcn-epw {]m]n_-\-n \n-h apn t\Sp-Ibp-p. Pohm-mhv m Ign-bn-, asmcp am\-hk-p-n kv{XobmInepw ]pcp-j-\m-Inepw ku-cy-n-tbpw t{]a-nkzm-Imcy sNbvXpsNbvXv HSp-hn Xm kzbw Dm-nb IpSp-ns-p-t]m-Ip-p. hopw hym]-I-amb tbpw ]q-cq]w Xnc-bp-Xv Xs-m hn-emIpw. ]q-XbpsS kmmmcw \nXy-nte km[yhnizm--Po-hn-X-n A[n-Imcw Ah-Im-is-Sm-dm-Ip-Xp-h sc AtX-] Sn _- -\ n InS-t - n-h -cp- p. am-Iq. CXn-m-It kwkm-c-n \npw kmwkm-cn-I-[Ccw klm-\ p-` q-X n-b psS amw Fm-hp-a mbn \-k--p-I-fn\npw _-apn Bh-iy-am-Wv. {]]Xpdp shn-cn-bvpp; AXv B-hn-kvar-Xn-bn-tev -ssh-cm-Ky-n -Zpx-Jtam-N\w t\Sn-bn-cp--h BZyImew apXt-bp-v. ]p{X-I-f-{Xm-Zn-I-tfbpw mh-c-Pw\bn-p--Xp-amWv'' K-a-h-kvXp--tf-bp-ap-t]-nv `nmw-tZ-ln-I-fmbn \nkz""A\w B\--a-b-amWv; km-]-Zm--fn B\X-bnepw Pohn-Xip-n-bnepw tamw t\Sm-sa B{K-l-an-.'' bm-hIy k-kzhp-ap-t]-np ImntmsS Krl--fn \nn-d-n-n-cn--h [mcm-fap-mtebvp ]pd-s-Sp ka-bp Xs kp apgph bn-cp- p. Krl--Po-hn-X-tm-Sp _--f-dp-n-d-nb ]Xv\n-am-cmb ImXym-b-\npw ssat{X-bnpw `mKn-p- sImCu X]-kzn-k-ap-Zm-b-amWv _u-cpsS {ia-W{]-m-\Sp-m-s\m-cp-n. ssat{X-bnv Xms\p sN-W-sap n\v hgn sXfn-bn--Xv. XymK-]q-amb PohnXw tamtXmn-bn-. Ah Xs Kmly kma-{K-ln-In-Sn-\p apJy-am-ambn AwKo-Icnbvs-p. bn-en-cpp AXy--Zpx-Jt msS ]pdsa Imn-tebvp D]-\n-jp- kZm-Nm-c-Po-hn-X-ns B`y-c t\mm XpS-n. A-h Dt-iy-c-ln-X-ambn hn{i-a-anmsX _-sp tPmen-sN-bvXp-sIm-n-cp Hcp km[p- kz`m-h--fn \njvj sNep-m\pw BNm-c-n-s a-\p-jys\ Ipsd KpW-tZm-jn-p. km-]-Zm-sf D]- t{]cI kz`m-h-n\v AXyw {]m[m\yw Iev]nm-\pI-c-W-am-n-smp \msa-s-n-ep-samv km[nm an-Sbm-bn. ]pdsa ImWp B\p-cq-]y-s-mfpw B{ian-m AXns hn]-co-X-^e-am-Wp-m-hpI, \psS c-amb ]cn-ip-n-bmWv {][m-\w. D]-\n-jp-I "tamnA-cm- mhv bYm-k- r- ]Xn-p-thn sImXn-p-sIm- -cpXv' "sIm-cpXv' Fp am{X-a ]d-bp--X.v ""Zqsc ]nSnv n-cnpp; Fm A\--n\np \yq\-amb Hn- bv-cpXv'' ""Bscbpw shdp-cpXv t{Im[-n\pw Zphn-

15

I Im-c-pw Zpcm-{K-l-pw hio-`q-X-\m-I-cpXv'' Fpw


{]Jym-]n-bvp-p-v. a\-mZyw ]cn-ip-am-Ww; th An-s\- s\nn hr-ns Ce-I am{Xw apdnp-I-f-b p--X p-sImp t{]mP-\-sam- p-a n-. BN-c-W ns ta \n-bnp-Xv hnj-bnsb kw_-n (A[n-Im-cn-IX) tbmKy-Xbpw XymK-ns am{Xbpw ]cnK-Wn-m-W.v ka-kvX-hn-izhpw a\p-jym-m-hn-s\-tm-se-s ]cam- m-h n \nv D-h n-X mbn \mw a\- n-em--WsamWv D]-\n-jp- A\p-im-kn-p-X.v t{]a-kzcq-]-\m-Wo-iz-c. Cuiz-cs\ kvt\ln-pI B\--am-Wv, Cuiz-c-t\mSp t{]a-an-m-Xn-cn-pI ZpxJ-ImcW-am-Wv. ]cam-m-hn-t\m-Sp t{]a-m m\hpw Aa-c-Xzhpw knn-bvp-p. Cuiz-c-t\m-Sv t{]a-an-m-Xn-cp-m kwib-{`aw ZpxJw arXyp Ch-bv n-cbm-bn-o-cp-p. Fm bYm-aX-fnepw ktm--X-amb Cu Bibw ImWmw. ""F\n-s-Xn-cmbn ]m]w sNp-h kzw Bm-hn-s-Xn-cmbn sXp sNp-p. Fs shdpp-h-scmw arXypsh kvt\ln-p-p.'' ]m]n-bmb a\p-jy B-Lm-Xn-bm-Wv. A-cmsc ""B-lt\m P\mx'' FmWv D]-\n-j-p-I hnfnp-Xv. kzm-amb Fm {]b-X\--tfbpw XyPn-m D]v \n-j-p-I \s t{]cn-np-p. Fm Fm Xm]cy-fpw Dt]-n-t--Xn-. Alw-`m-h-n \n-Ip \nm\pw Cuiz-c-t\mSp kwbp-cmbn \nm-\pamWv D]-\n-j-p-I Bh-iy-s-Sp-Xv. Hcm-Zi-b-Xnv B{K-l--fp-mIpw; Ah kzm-]-c-am-hn-s-t-bp-p. ""C-bn-m--h-\pw, C-bn \nv AXo-X-\pw, Cm]qn-hh\pw, Bm-hns\ Cn-p-h\pw {_- - am- bn-cp- p-sIm-p-Xs {_s {]m]np-p.'' \tmSv Dt]-n-bvm ]d-bp Imaw bYm-n C-b-. AXv tIhew arK-k-l-P-amb B{K-l-am-Wv, Ima-hm-k-\bmWv; arK-cq-]-\mb a\p-jys C{n-bm-tem-ep-]-X-bm-Wv. Ima-n \np kzmX{yw t\Sm\pw imkv{X- D]tZ-in-bvp-p. ]t CXp shdpw \njv{In-b-X-bm-hn-. Ima-n-t-bpw- Zp-cm-{Kln-tbpw \njvTpcim-k-\-n \npw _mly-h-kv X p- -fpsS BIj-I -tim-` -I -fn \npw apn t\Sm kl-P-hm-k-\m-P-\y-amb D-Sm`n-em---fpsS kqnbn \npw apn t\Sm \tm-S-\p-im-kn-p-p-v. bYm-amb Csb \ntcm[n-n-n-. AsXmw hnj-bs B{ibn-n-cn-p-p. Hcp a\p-jys sImXn amwk-ku--cy-n-se-n Ah hy`nNm-cn-bm-bn-ocpw; kp-c-h-kvXp--fn-em-Wm-{K-l-sa-n Ah Iem-Im-c-\mbncnpw; Cuiz-c-\n-em-sW-n Ejnbm-bn-o-cpw. tam-nepw m\-n-ep-ap B{K-ln\p {]map Jyw Iev]n-n- cnp-p. C-Isf kXy-sapw anYysb pw cmbn Xcw-Xn-cn-n-cn-bvp-p. \tmSv ktXy--Ifn ]p-tN-cm Bh-iy-s-Sp-p. Hcp \NntI-Xns ]nXr-`-nbpw [-\n-jvTbpw Hcp kmhn{Xn-bpsS Zr-Vt{]-ahpw ]Xn `nbpw Zqj-Wa-. krjvSnIm-hns "Ima'n\p C-sb-m-Ww. ""Rm At\-I--fm-bn-o-cs F-h B{K-lnp (A-Im-abX)'' ]c-ta-iz-c\pw Cn-p-p-sh-n \ap-s-p-sIm--

`n-am-\w, tcmjw, Ima-hm-k\ apX-emb hnIm-csf Hgnbvm \tmSv \nt-in-n-p-v. Fm t{]a-ns tIma-fhn-Im-c--fmb ka-kvt\-lhpw A\p-I-bpw Hgnhm--W-sap ]d-n-n-. B-km-mm-c-n- \mbn X]-p-sN--W-sav D]-\n-j-p--fn-en-mbn \nti- ImWm-sa- Xv icn-bm- W.v Fm X]-n\p Bi-n-bpsS hnIm-kw, ico-c-Zm-ky-n\nv Bm-hns tamN-\w, a\-ns Kw`o-cNn-, a\-ns\ kzbw iam-pI Fsm-am-Ww; ""bmsXm-cm-fpsS X]p m\-a-b-am-sW- n'' PohnXw Hcp atlm--h-am-Wv. AXntep bn-s--h-cmWv \msa-mw. AhnsS \apv X]tm B-Xym-Ktam Zm\tam HuZm-cytam Bhtam kXy-amb hyh-lm-ctam Alnw-ktbm ap--hsc thZ-\n-n-m-Xn-cn-tem kXy-h-N-\tam {]Zin-n-mw. X]v As-n XymKw-sImv tZymXn-n--s-Sp-Xv \nc-t]--`m-h-am-Wv. ""Iw sImtm k-Xn-sImtm k-p-sImtm A XymKw- sIm-mWv Aa- cXzw {]m]nm Ign-bp-Xv'' Omtm-tKym-]-\n-j-n ""{im X]'' {i-XsbmWv X]-sp ]d-n-cn-p-p. _mly-]Zm--fpsS _-tam-N-\-n-\mbn Hcm h\m-cnse GIm--X-bn-te-smpw t]mtI--Xn-. kmwkmcn-I-]-Zm--fp-am-bp Ah-in-jvS_w s]s--dpp-I-f-bm thn GIm--hm-k-n\p in-Iq-p-Itbm X]-p-sN-p-Itbm th-Xn-. ""XymK-tm-Sp-IqSn A\p`-hnpsImpI'' (tX\ Xyt\ `pRvPo-Ymx) Fp Cutim-]\n-j-n ]d-n-p-v. Cu kmwkm-cn-Iamb [\-k--p-I-fp-tSbpw kma-{K-nI-fp-tSbpw A\-Im-cnbmb `mcw-sImp \mw Ip\n--a-cm-sX-bm-bmte \ap-oP-K-n-se-B-\--am-kz-Zn-m Ign-bq. tem`-n\pw Zpcm{K-ln\pw \mw Xotc m\w \Im-Xn-cnp ]w \apo temI-n cmPm-m-sc-tmse hmgmw. \psS- kmw-km-cn-I-amb kpJm-\p-`-hn\p \psS \n\-Xz-hp-ambn {]Xy- -amb A\p-]m-Xap-.v XymK-ns t`Z-`m-hs-D-q-e\w sNpI F A-nepw \nct]- -t{]-a hnI-k n- n-pI F A-nepw, Fm kXy-a-X--fp-tSbpw kmc-XXz-am-W.v -

`mc-Xob XXz-hn-Nmcn sshZn-I-Im-e-n-\p-tijw Hcp ]cn-h-\-ap-m-bn. AY-th-Zne sshcm-KyhmZw Imc-W-ambn cl-ky-hm-Z-{]-m-\-n\p in IqSn. EtKz-Znse Ep-I-fpsS cN\ \S Imep kpJt`m-K--fpsS Imcy-n kz--X-bp-m-bn-cp-p. a\p-jymm-hns kl-P-amb [mn-I`m-h\ in-s-p. D]-\njIm-e-am- b-tm C{n-b- -fpsS B{I-a-W- n-s-Xnsc kv]jvv-S-ambn i_vZap-bp. CSbvnsS B{I-anv D]{Zhw sNp hnj-b-hm-k-\p hg-n-smv Bmhn-n-\nbpw ZpxJnm h Fm-bn. Fm ]nmev icocs Zln-n-pI apX-emb A-k-{-Zm-b tN {`mssh-cm-Ky-n\v hp-s] At[mKXn D]-\n-jIm-ev Cu k-kw-K]cn-Xym-Kn\p - t\cn- tS-n-h-n-. _p-a-X-s- tm-se-s `c-Zzm-P\pw kmwkm-cn-I-Po-hn-X-tbpw sshcm-Ky-tbpw Hcp-t]mse {]Xn-tj-[n-p-p-v. AXnhn lT-hm-Z-ns ]mc-ayn-se-nb Cu sshcm-Ky-hmZw bYm-Xym-Ks

16

I kqNn-n-p H; AsXmcp {]Im-c-n kzm-]c-Xzw-X-s-bm-sWp \w ]d-bpw. Hcm-fpsS Bhv temInse asm Bm-fpw IqSn-bmepf-f-Xn-t\- t{ijv T-Xc-am-sWp IcpXn GI--tam--n-\p- thn sNp {ia- Hcn-epw Bm-hns bYm-\-{aX-bpsS {]I-S-\-a-. \mw Iw sNWw; Fm A\mk- - a mbn sNWw FmWv D]- \ n- j - p- I \njvIjn-p-Xvv. {]]--XymKw sNbvXv hn`P-\etm k\ym-kn-a-Tntem hn{i-an-p--h-\ [mnI kwkm-c-ns Pohnp kmwkm-cn-Ih-kvXpsf kvt\ln-p-sImp X\n-bvp-th-n-b-m-sX, Ahbn-e-n-ln-X-amb A\-n\p thn, Ah-bn Kp]vX-am-bn-cnp hn`q-hn-\p-t hn kv t\ln-p-sImv Ign-bp--h-\mWv [mn-Ia\p-jy. Abmsf kw_- n-t-Stmfw Cuiz-cs alXzw \ncp-]m-[n-I-amWv; asm ]Zm-pw ]q-X-bn-te-bvp hml-\ AYhm Cuiz-c-\n-te-bvp am- F \nebn kmt]--amb al-Xz-hp-ap-v. A\p-jvTn--s-Sp Fm I-hy--fpw, hyn-]-c-amb bfpw XymKfpw B-k m- mm- c- n\p klm- b n- p- p. \app ]nXm- m-cm-Imw. Fs-m kp-Nn-X-amb hyn-Xz-n\np AXo-Xambn \nm\pw IqSp-X al-mb Dt-iy-fp-ambn kzbw XmZmyw {]m]nm\pap am-am-W-Xv. Znhy t{]a-ns \ng-emWv am\ht{]aw. \app kzw ]Xv\ nsb kvt \ln-b vmw. Fn\p thn ? Fm hkvXp--fp-tSbpw lrZ-b-n Pzen-bv p B\- - n\p thn. ""bYm-n `mhv {]nb-\m-IpXvv `m-hn-\p-th-n-b-. Bmhn-\p-thn BWv `mhv {]nb-\m-Ip--Xv.'' Fp D]\n-jp ]d-bp-p. Cu Imcyw Xs CS-ap-dn-bmsX `mcy, ]p{X-m, cmPy-, {_m-W-{Xn-b-Pm-Xn-I, temIhn-`m-K-, tZh-m, kPoh krjvSn-I, hym]-I-amb hnizw Fo hkvXp-sf Bhn-m-hn-p-Zm-l-cnv Dd-n-bvp-p. Ah-sbmw Ahbvp thnb \nXyk--bvp-th-n-bmWv Cu kwkm-c-n nXn-sN-p-Xv. kmwkm-cn-I-]-Zm-sf ]m]-n-\p Cc-bm-bn Znhym-\--{]m-]Xn-p am--fm-bn-mWv krjvSn-nv p--X v. \psS hoWw bYm-am-bm \app kp apX-emb sFiz-cy--fp-m-hp-I-bm-bn. ""XtXm ta {inb-am-hl'' (A-Xn-\p-tijw F\nbvv [\w sImp hcp). kwkvIm-clo-\\v [\w Hcp Xn-bmWv; Fm hnth-In-bv-n-s\-b Fp i-c \nt-inp-p. {]Xy--n AssZ-hn-I-am-b n-tm-p {]m]-nI hkvXp- [mn-I-\mb Bm-hn\p \nc- -ca p shp-hn-fn-bm-Wv. Bmhv Ah-bpsS kzX-{-\n-etbmSv Gp s]mcp-XWw; Ahsb ssZhn-I-i-n-bpsS {]I-S-ambn amp-Ibpw thWw. Ah Cu A\m-k-`m-h-n Fm I-fpw sNp-p. ""Ak-t\m \nn-]Xt\m v BhpI F-Xns Xm]cyw Bm-hns\ {]]-tmSp tNp sInb Fm sIp-Ifpw Agnp ap\m-hpI, `qa-WvU-e-nse Hcp ]Zm-tbpw B{ibn-m-Xn-cn-p-I, `uXn-I]Z--fn-tebvp Nmbm-Xn-cn- pI Fs-m-amWv. ap--h \s-n Fp-]-d-bpp Fp hnNm-cnp-p. \s-sm-sp sNn-m-\m-{K-

ln-bvp-p, CXn-sempw {in--cp-Xv. Hcp tbmmhv ]S--f-n apt-dp--t]mse Nntbm `mhn-hn-Nm-ctam IqSmsX kzw I-hy- \n-ln-p-I. Hcp [mnI-Im-cy-n-\p-thn k-kz-XymKw sNt-n-h-cp-tm X-fpsS ta, BZ-chv, bi-v, A\p-Iq-e-]cnX-n-Xn, kpJkuIcy- , a\p-j y-t \m-Sp-f f kvt \l-_ w Chsb Hpw Imcy-am-m-Xn-cn-p-I.'' Cu Bo-b-kwLj-n\v imco-cn-Iamb Nne Hcp-- sNm D]\n-jp-I \s t{]cn-n-p-p-v. iuNw, D]-hm-kw, C{n-b-\n-{Klw GIm--hmkw apX-em-bh imco-cn-Iipnv AXym-hi y-ambn hn[n-s-n-cnp- p. ""Fs icocw kptbm-Ky-am-Is, Fs Pnlz AXyw a[p-c-amI-s. sNhn-sImv Rm Ghpw A[nIw tIp-am-dmIs'' CXns Xm]cyw ico-cs Hc-hjvSw-`-amtbm Bm-hn\p Hcp `mc-amtbm IcpXn Xnc-kv-cn-t-Xn Fm-Wv. ico-c-ns ipo-I-cWtam C{n-b-fpsS tamN-\tam a\-ns hnIm-ktam Hpw-Xs B]o-U-tbmSp _-ap--X-. {_-Ncyw ]men-p--ht {_-tem-I-{]m-]Xn-bp-mIq Fp hopw Omtm-tKymv ]-\n-j -n ]d-b -s - n-cnp- p. {_-N cyw Hmtcm hnZymnbpw Kpcp-h ns ASp- hnZym- [ y-b \w sNp Ah-k-c-n ]men-bvt-p kz`m-h-\n-b-{W-amWv. AXv kwkm-c-XymKtmSp- Iq- Snb X]tm sshcmKytam A. Fs-m AtX D]-\n-jn Viii 5 {_-N-cys bRvPm-\p-jvTm-\-n\p Xpey-ambn ]d-ncn-bvp-p. CXp {_-Ncys kwkm-c-\n-hr-n-sbp sXmbn hymJym-\n-m-Xn-cn-m-\p Hcp XmoXp \Inbn-cnp-I-bm-sWp tXmpw. icocw Bm-hns tkhI-\m-Wv. Imcm-Kr-la. PohnXw a\v tNX\ _pn - apX- em-b-hsb \mw XyPn-p- I-f-b-W- sa kqN-\-I-sfmpw D]-\n-j-p-I-fn-en-. adnp Cuiz-c A-cy-an-bm-sW knmw CXn-s-Xn-cmb Hcp \n-b-n-te-bvmWv \s \bn-bvp-Xv. bYm-aXns `mhm-th-in Dun- \np- -Xp-sImp am{Xw D]-\n-jp-I Xr]vXn-s-Sp- -n. Ah \apv Hcp I-hy-kw-lnX IqSn Hcpn shn-cnbvpp; AXn-m-m [mn-Im-Ziw hniz-kn-p-IqSm hgn-Im-n- bm-bn-tm-Ipw. Fm BNm-c{Ia- fpw hnImc--fpsS \nb-{-Whpw _pn-bpsS k-m-[n-]-Xy- hpap, kzm-]-c-amb hyn- Xz-ns kp-Nn-X- Xz-n \np apn t\Sn BtmIj-n-tebvp \bnp-, almb Znhy-]--Xn-bn ]m-fn-I-sf \nebvv \msamw \nc-cw {]hn-p-sIm-n-cn-p Fm BNm-ccq-]fpw [mn-I--fmWv; CXn\p hn]-co-X-am-bh A[m n-I-fpw, B-kw-b-ahpw DZm-c-Xbpw Icp-Wbp-amWv kKp-W-. hepssI sNp-Xv CS-pssI Adnb- cpXv F XXzw Cu hmIy- fn {]I- Sn- npp. ""{itbm-Sp-IqSn Zm\w sN-Ww, A{i--tbm-Sp-IqNn Zm\w sNcp-Xv, [mcmfw Zm\w sN-Ww, e-tbm-Sp-IqSn Zm\w sNWw. `b-tmsS Zm\w sN-Ww, klm- \p-`q-Xn- tbmsS Zm\w sNWw'' OtmtKym]-\n-j-n (Viii17) X]-v, Zm\w, B-hw, Alnw-k, kXy-k-X Fn-hbmWv kZm-Nm-c-cq-]- -fmbn ]d-b-s-n- cnp--Xv. GsX- nepw arK-

17

I kr-jvSnsb lnwkn-bvm aSn-p-Xpw, \mbm-Sn-n-Sn

I-k--sb-m-tfsd bmYmyam-Wv. X]-kznsb kw_apbn-Sm-hn-s\-smn hyk\w tXmp--Xpw, Cs n-t-S-tmfw Bm-hn\pw ico-c-n\pw ISn-\-amb ]cnNnm-KXn-bn AXn-i-m-ep--fmb kv{XoP-\v io-e\w ITn-\-amb km[-\-hn-[n-n-p-v. AXp knntN hnIm-c-Zu_-ey-am-tbmw. Fm D]-\n-j-p- - ht Ccw BZi- Po- hnXw \bn-bvm-\m-hq. \njvIrI-fn arK-kr-jvSn-Isf kvt\lnp-Xv Hcp-a [- jvS-amb ]cn-ip-nbpw AIn--\-Xzhp-amWv X]-kzn-bpsS ambn KWn-s-Sp-p. `qap-Jp `mc-Xob [-im- PohnXs `cn-t-Xv. Ab a-hkv{Xw [cn-bvkv{X-ns kma-\y-cq-]-am-Wv. \mbm-n-mbn Hcp am\ns\ Ww. incp apWvU\w sNbvXv sXcp-hp-sXn `Ww sImp-Xpw hnt\m-Zn\p am{Xw Hsc-ensb D]-{Z-hn- bmNn-bv-Ww. Bm-hn\p hn\bw hcp-m-\p D]-Ip-Xpw A]-cm-[am-Wv. hnIm-csf Pbn-m Nne c-W--fm-Wn-h. \nXy-\n-bX-fmb {]m-\-Ifpw D]-hmtm khn-ti-j-amb B-\n-b-{Ww hn[n-p-p-v. k-fpw A\p-jvTn-bvpI hgn Bm-hn\v \nXym-\]- `mc-X ob Nn-I-m a\v ico-cs B{i-bn- n-cn- Z-hn-bn-te-p-b-cp-hm Ign-bp-p. hnip-nbpw hn\-bp-ambvpp F hnizm-k-ap--h-cmWv; AXp-sIm--h a\- sWmcp X]-kznsb alm-\m-n-op-Xv; Ipi-e-\mb ns ]cn-ipn Bh-iy-am-sWp \nt-in-pp. hmk- Hcn-{-Pm-em-cs ssIb-S-n-ep kmaytam \-I-fpsS \nb-{Ww kztbm \St-Xm-Wv. AXv hmtXm-m-Zmcs kz]v\w ImWm-\p Ignthm A. kw`m-hy-as-n \n-ambn \nb-{nepw Nne- Imaw, t{Im[w, hmk-\, C Fnh hnp-bv ip-\mtm ]Xn-hp-v. X]v AYhm \n-amb hk\m bn-cnp--Xp-sIm-mWv X]kzn alzw t\Sp--X.v Pohn\nb-{-Ww, \ymkw AYhm kwK-]-cn-XymKw Ch cpw- n-cns A\p-jvTn-p Cu Bm-lpXn Hcmv BX-n t`Zw I]n-n-cnp-p. X]v Xmgv ]Sn-bn- l-Xy-tb-m ITn-\-am-Wv. acWw Ffp-am-Wv. `mc-sep hm\-{]--p--X mWv; AtX kabw \ymkw Xv Pohn-Xam-Wv. kmaqly _--fn \np c-sk\ym-kn-bvp--Xm-Wv. GIm-{K-X, [ym\w \nZn-[ym-k\w Sm thn hoSpw kap-Zmbhpw Dt]-n-p-Xp-sImv apX-em-bh tbmK-N -cy-I fpw A\p-hn-t- -Xp- v. Hcm icn-bmb k\ym-kn-bm-Ip-n; Pohn-Xn ]cm""{]m hmns\ a\-nepw a\-ns\ _pn-bnepw Pbw ]n-b-Xp-sImp am{Xw k\y-kn-h\pw bYmhne-bn-n--Ww.'' [ym\hpw GIm-{K-Nn--\hpw a\x-ip-n- k-\ym-kn-bm-Ip-n-. Cu Ah-km-\s Xc-m k\ymp-]I-c-W-ambpw ]d-n-cn-p-p. Fm hnNm-cfpw km-{i-an-\msI A]-am\w hcp-p-p. B-kw-baw Aap-J-amn Cuiz-c-s\-s Nnn-m Pohm-m- sNbvXv [mn-I-ho--W-n-eqsS am\-h-k-aq-l-n\p -tfmSv I]n-n-cn-p-p. Cuiz-c-\n \nv A\p-{Klw thn IjvS--f-\p-`-hn-p--h-\mWv bYm k\ym-kn. e`nm-\; Cuiz-c-t\mSv XmZmyw {]m]n-m ! F- Pohn-X]-cn-{i-aam-sI-s \psS Al-mcw XpSp m Cu [ym\m-h-n-Xamb Pohn-Xns B-{]- \on \s ]cn-ip--cm-m thn-bp--Xm-W.v B{i-aljm-h t]mepw Xo-bmbpw bYm-X-bn\n- hy-h-Ifpw apw Btm--Xnv klm-b-I-amIm p Hscm-gn-p-am-d-e. AXv ]Zm--fpsS ]c-a- thn Gs-Sp-nb ]-Xn-I-fpamWv. As\ Krlk-Xys I-dn-bm Ign-hp-m-p D]-I-cWw am{X- m-{i-a-n\p tijw ]cn-{hm-P-IPo-hn-X-amWv hn[n-nam-Wv. ""aqbpw kqva-X-bp-ap a\-p-sImp am{Xta cnp--Xv. B-m\n Xs Fm kzm-Xm]-cy- Cuiz-cs\ ImWm Ign-bp.'' {_- -Ncyw, Kml-yw, fpw shSnv ]cn-{hm-PI-k-\ym-kn-bm-bn-o-c-W-sav hm\-{]-w, k\ymkw Fn-ns\ \mem-{i-a- hn[n- D]-\n-j-p-I tLmjn-p-p, ""{_m-W B-mbv-s-n-cn-bvp-p. {Ia-n Ah-bn-eqsS IS-p-t]mbn \n-I-fmbn `mhn-k-m-\-]-cc-bpsS B{K-l-hpw, hyn- a\p-jy\v kmwkm-cn-Iaew \on Xs ip-am-mw. ]-c-amb kzp-ssI-h-i-n-\p B{K-lhpw, euIn-IAtmtg a\p-jy Xs Bym-n-I-amb hmk-tK-l- amb sFiz-cy-p B{K-lhpw ssIsh-Snv ]cnn tIdm Al-\m-Ip-p-p. {hm-P-I-cmbn k-cn-bv p-p.'' {]mNo\ `mc-X - n kap-Zm-b-tm-Sp I-hy--sfmw ]q-ambn k\ymkn \n-\\pw AIn--\-\p-am-sW-n-epw, bmsXm\n-lnp Ign-m Hmtcm-cp-pw kwkm-c-n c-[n-Im-chpw in-bp-an-s-n-cn-n-epw, km{am-Pym-[n-]-m \np hnc--\mb hn{iaw tXSm hn[n-bp-v. a\p-jy- IqSn Im Ipn-S--hn[w m\hpw _lp-am\hpw hln-n-cp-p. ]cn-ip--Po-hn-X-n\v A{Xbpw _lpPn-hn-X-ns Ah-km-\s ]Sn-bm-Wn-Xv. [mn-Iamb BN-c-Whpw t{]a-a-b-amb Pohn-Xhpw \bn-p X]-kzn- am- \m-Zc--fp-m-b n-cp-p. bmb ]cn-{h-mP-I kmwkm-cn-I{]-tem-`-\--fn \np lnp-a-X-ns apJy-e--W-amb B{i-a-[w Pohnap-\ mbn ]c-t em-I -t bv p ZrjvSn Xncnp- p. X-ns Fm hipw B-in hfn PohnXw \njvIfhpw `n ]q--fp-amb `mc-Xnse ap\n-Nn- ]q-am-m {ian-p-p. AXv sshhm-ln-I-Po-hn-X-n\v - \nXy-ku-cy-ns kz]v\-fmepw A\-iz-c- Hcp--sa \ne-bn ItTm-c-amb ]cn-ipn AYhm {_kw-Ko-Xns {]Xn- -[z-\n-I-fmepw \nc-cw BIr-jvS-- Ncyw thW-sap \njvIjn-p-p-v. D]-\n-jZ{ZjvSm- v fm-bn-cn-bvp-p. Ah B ]c-am-Zi-ns ASp-m- -fpsS A`n-{]m-bn hnhmlw Hcp [mnI kwkvImWv. AXns AkvXn-Xz-m-em-Ir-j vS-cm-Ihw c-amWv; Cuiz-ctk-hm-]-Xn-bm-Wv. Kml-y-ns \s ASp-mWv \n-p--Xv. \ap--sXmcp kz]v\-am- Bm\-amb Krlw Hcp hnjp--th-Zn-bmWv; aX-]-c-amb Imw. Fm Ah Pohn-p-tX B kz]v\n-em-Wv. bmsXmcp NSpw [-]Xv\nsb ]s-Sp-n-bvmsX AXp-sIm-hXv X Ah-K-Wnp Xp `uXn- ]qn-bm-hn-. Zm-Xyhpw ]nXr-Xzhpw hgn-bmbn Hcm -

18

I a\p-jy-kvt\-l-n-tbpw IpSpw-_-_--n-tbpw
AgIpw B\-hpw XnIpw A\p-`-hn-p-I-gn tijw hniz-]u-cs Db ]Z-hn-bn-se-m thn {Ia-n Krl-tmSpw IpSpw-_-tm-Sp-ap _--fn \nv kzmX{yw t\Sm ]cn-{i-an--W-sapw hn[n-n-cn-p-p. _p-aXw `mc-Xob lrZb--fn kpn-cambn m\ap-d -n-b v p--X n ]cm-P -b-s - n-p-s - n AXn\p ImcWw AXv {_-N- cys Kml-y- t-m AXyp-X-\n-e-bn sImp-sh-Xpw aptbm-Ky-X-Itfm AlXtbm t\mmsX Fm-h-tcbpw Db kXym-km-{i-an-tebvv sNm A\p-hZn--Xp-am-Wv. k\ym-kn-I PmXn, [\w, ]ucXzw CsXm-p-an-m Bo-b-amb Hcp ktlm-Zcy-m-]-\-am-Wv. kvt\l-n-tbpw tkh-\-ntbpw kt-i-sf {]km-Z-`m-h-n {]N-cn-np-I-bmW-Xns Dt-iyw. `qan-bn hnip-n-bpsS ku-cy-n\pw, hn\-b-ns inpw, AIn--\-Xz-ns B\- n-\pw, tkh- \-ns kzmX-{y-n\pw kmn- I-fmbn k-cn-p Cuiz-c-Zq-X-m-cm-W-h.

KuX-a kXy-Im-at\mSp ]dp: ""icn-bmb Hcp {_mW \msX Cs\ kXyw sXfnp ]d-bm-\mhn-. AXp-sImv thKw sNv An Pzen-n-q. Rm \n\v Zom-Iw \S-mw. \o kXy-am-n \npw ]ng--h-\-.''

hnhn-[-`m-K-se ab-s-Sp-m\pw ASn-Xp-c-p hssh-c--tfbpw sshap-Jy--tfbpw AI-m-\p-amWv D]-\njZv Zi\- Xp\n-bp-X.v Cuiz-c Fm-h-cnepw Hcpt]mse hym]n-n-cnp A-cym-an-bmb Bm-hm-Wv. AXp-sImv Fm-hpw Hcp t]mse kXys {Klnbvm Ignbpw; Fm-hcw Hcp-t]mse kXy-m\w A[y-b\w sNm A[n-Im-cn-I-fp-am-Wv. {Xn-b-cpsS {]Xn-\n-[n-bmbn k\Ip-am-c {_-W\mb \mc-Zs\ ]Zm--fpsS ]c-a-c-lkyw [cn-n-p-p. Db XXzm-\hpw [hpw Hcnepw {_m-Wh-n\p am{Xw HXpn \np--X-. AKm-[amb B[ym-n-I{]-i\sf hni-Zo-Icnp ]Tn-np {Xn-b-cm-Pm-v m-sc-n \mw {K- -fn hmbn-p-p. XXz-m-\s PmXn-bpsS \nb-a- kap-Zm-b-tm-Sp I-hy- kw_-n hmZ- {]-Xn-hm-Zmbn [mn-I-k-t-f-\sf hn[n-p-p. a\p-jy X\np hn[n I-hy- \S-n-bn-cp P\-I\pw APm-Xi{Xphpw {Xn-b- I- Fm-bmepw A\p-jvTn--Ww. tbmKy-XI cm-Pm-m-cm-bn-cp-p. Xo{h-amb _un-I-Po-hn-X-n-s t\mn Ah-bpsS ASn-m-\-n-emWv I-hy-I- Ime-L--am-bn-cpp AXv. km[m-c-W-mIqSn Zmi-\n-I hn[n- n- p- -Xv. {_-W Xzw knnpI Pw {]-iv\--fn Xm]cyw ImWn-p-h-p. PvRm\n-I \mnsIm BN- c-Ww-sIm-m-sWp KWn--s-n-cnp- p. e- tm-p-an-tmpw imkv{X-N-Imbn Dml- ]qw XpSp ]d-bp IY kXys sXfn-bn-p-p. k-cn-p-sIm-n-cp-p. D]-\n-j-p-I-fpsS km-ZI-mPm_m-e -b psS aI kXy-Im-a Xs Asb cmb {_-Wv {Xn-b-m Kth-j-W--fn {][m-\kwt_m-[\w sNbvXp ]dv : ""At Rm {_-Ncyw amb ]s- Sp- p- p- s p k- X n- - hn[w - Zon-bv m-\m-{K-lnp-p. Rmt\Xp tKm{X- m-c-\m- Bm-amb kXy-k- Xbp-mbn-cp-p. kv{XoI Pohn-X-n\p thn-bp kwLjs kw_-n-tWt'' S-tmfw Ghpw kpc-n-X-Ifpw B{in-X-I-fp-am-bn-cp-pA aI-t\mSp ]dp: ""Fs Ipo, \ns tKm{Xsh-nepw tam-{]m-]vXn-p Bym-n-I-k-a-cn ta-Xm-sW-s-\n--dnp-IqSm. sNdp--n Hcp ZmknAhv ]pcp-j--tcmSv Xpey-amb A[n-Im-cm-h-Im-i-bmbn Rm\-p-anpw \S-n-cp Ime-mWv \ns fpm- bn-cp-p. ssat{X-bnbpw KmKnbpw Bo-b-amb Kw`oK`w [cn-Xv. AXp-sImv \o GXp tKm{X-am-sW-sc-{]-iv\-sf-p-dnv imkv{X-hmZw \S-m-dp-m-bn-cp; \n--dn-bn-. Fs t] Pm_m-e-sb-mWv. \o kXy-ImZi-\--sf-p-dnp \S-p Nm-k-t-f-\--fnepw a-\m-Wv. AXp-sImv kXy-Im-a-Pm-_m-e-\mWv Rms\p ]s-Sp- m-dp-m-bn-cp-p. \n\v ]d-bmw.'' D]-\n-j -p-I m\s tamtm-] m-b -ambn kXy-Im-a lcn-{Zp-ams ]p{X-\mb KuX-as ASpDun ]d-bp- p-s- p-Xv bYm-am-Wv . ""XcXn sNv ]dp: timIw Bm- hn'' B-m\n Fm timI--tfbpw ""`K-hm, Rm Ahn-Sps ASp- {_-Ncyw XcWw sNp-p. ""{_-hn {_ssh `hXn'' {_Zonm-\m-{K-lnp-p. Rm Ahn-Sps ASp- hc- m\n {_w Xs Bbn-o-cp-p. D]-\n-jp-I stbm?'' m\-ns al-Xz-n-eqn \np-Ibpw Fm kZmKuX-a tNmZnp : ""tl tkmay, \o GXp tKm{X- Nm-c--tfbpwAXns ]q-hn-I-fmbn Icp-Xp-Ibpw n s]-h\mWv?'' sNp-Xp sImv D]-\n-j-p-I m\-s-p-dnkXy-Im-a ]dp : ""`K-h, F\n-bv-dn-p-IqSm, p AXyp-mlw \nanw Cm-insb AXns m\-p-\nv Xcw Xmgvpp Fp ]d-bp hnaiRmt\Xp tKm{X-n s]-h-s\v F\n-bv-dn-p-IqSm, Rm\--tbmSp tNmZnp t\mn. A-bpsS adp-]Sn C- I-m-cp-v. m\n-Iv kZm-Nmcw hfsc Imcy-ap-s\-bmWv: "Rms\s sNdp-n Hcp ]cn-Nm-cn-I-sb sXm-p-a Fv Dd-np ]d-bp Ubq-k Am-\n\ne-bn Ap-anpw Aep Xncn-n-cp Ime- Ipw AXm-h-iy-an Fp ]noSp ]d-bpp. ""tammWv \ns K`w [cn--Xv. \ns tKm{X-ta-sXp ]d- {]m]vXn sImh-cp-p m\w t\Sp--Xn kZm-Nmcw bp-hm km[y-a-. Fs t] Pm_m- e- sb- mWv; \o kXy- klm-bn-p-Xv {]Xy-ambn; A{]-Xy--ambn am{XIm-a-\mWv' AXp-sImv `K-h Rm kXym-Ima Pm_m- amWv klm-bnp-Xv. Fs-m Cu PvRm\w apnm Hns DNn-Xamb D]-I-c- -W--fm Dm-Item e-\m-W.v ''

19

I Dm--s-Stem A. Cu m\w A\m-Zn-Im-e-ambn

sXtm AsXmw Cu Bm-hn \np e`n-p-p.'' \nXy-h-kvXp-hmbn \ne-\np hcp Hns A\p-`qXn I- m\-k- l-Ir- X-ambn A\p-jvTn--W-sa-mWv am{X-am-W.v '' Fm D]-\n-j-p-I m\s i_vZ- Cu kqw \njvIjn-p-X.v km-Xn-im-bn-bmb ]cns kp-Nn-X-amb A-n tam-{]m-]vXnv a-k--bn {i-hn-izm-k--tfmSp IqSmsX A\p-jvTnHmtIm-]m-b-ambn kzoI-cn-bv-pn. ""Bm-hns\ thZ- p tIh-e-I- Zp-e--fm-Ip-p. a\p-jys m\w sImp-am{Xw {]m]n-m Ign-bn-. hnm-\w- bYm-eyw tIhew bm{nI-amb k- sImpw hfsc A[nIw ]Tn-Xp-sImpw {]m]nm sImv t\Sm Ign- bp-I-bn-. Fm I--fnepw bmIgn-bn-.'' kXy-amb Pohn-Xn-emWv Du. m\- \p-jvTm-\-fnepw {Inbm-Iem-]-fnepw Btm--Xn-bptm-sSmw [hpw XpSp-m-bn-cn-bv-Ww. {_- m-Ip-p. Fm AhnsS A\-hp-ambn XmZmyw m\w t\Sm-\m-{K-lnp--h\v F{X-Xs in-bmb {]m]n- p-s Im- - W -s a- n- . kXy-a mb Bm-h ns Dm-lhpw Pnm-k-bp-ap-m-bn-cp-mepw kZm-Nm-cw, lnXs ]pjvSn-s-Sp-pI F GI-hn-Nm-c-tmsS [-\njvT Fo cp tbmKyXI-fp-an-s-n {]thiw Fm Ifpw A\p-j vTn-Ww. Cuizc-\n-msX e`n-bvp-I-bn-. m\-sa-m tIhew _pn-bp-sS Ign- \psS Pohn-Xn\p ey-an-. k-bn-, B{i-b-hph Fp \mw hni-Z-am-t-n-bncnpp. B-t_m-[- an. Cl-tem-Ipw ]c-tem-Ipw A[n-I-Wn am-W-Xv. {_-Pnmkp-hns a\v A[nIw N-e- \ In-W-sa H Dt-iy-tmsS A\p-jvTn-p Iam-bn-qS; ]c-am-k--bn {i sNep-m Ign- I-em-]--tfbpw b-bm-Km-Zn-I-tfbpw D]-\n-j-p-I bm hn[w kmwkm-cn-I-hn-j-b--fn kwen-]vXhp-am-bn- A]-e]n-bvp-p-v. ]c-tem-Ip Hmlcn [\w (sjq-Sm. Cuiz-c-`-n-sIm--hs lrZbw ]hn-{Xhpw B\- b) hmt\m Cuiz-c-\p-a mbn Hcp _mp-I -W- m-`-cn-X-hp-am-bn-cn--Ww. Cuiz-c-im-kv{X-n hnZ-K-cmb cw`nmt\m D Dt-iy-tmsS BI-cpXv \w I-hyv Ejn-am injy-msc Xnc-s-Sp--W-sa-n AXn-\p-ap- I--f-\p- jvTnp--Xv. {_m- -W-- fn I-hy-Imbn Nne injy-msc Ipsd-m-etmfw kZm-Nm-c-Zo- sf kw_- np {]I-Sn- n A_p- n-] q-I-amb bvpw [mn- I- amb A-S-- n\pw \nb-{- Wn\pw Ccw Bi-b-sf {]Xn-tj-[n-p-sImp D]-\n-j-phnt[-b-cm-tIn h-Xmbn Adn-hm-Ip-p. {]ivt\m-]\n- I Hc-\n-hm-cy-k-Xys Dun-bp-dn-p-p-v. Fmj-n ]n-em-Zaljn Bdp {_-Pn-m-kp-sf eh "I-fpw m\hpw Xn _-an; m\w - Hcp hj-tbvp IqSn IqSp-X A-S--n\pw B- am{X-amWv tam-km-[\w' F aXs ]nm-p-n\n-b-{-Wn\pw hnt[-b-cmbn hn-m aSn Ab- . m\-I--fpsS kap--b-amb Hcm-o-I-Po-hn-Xn-cp-p. Omtm-tKym]\nj-n Kpcp kXyImam P_m- s-bmWv D]-\n-j-p-I \njvIjn-p--Xv. es\ ]ip-]m-e-\-n-\mbn tLmc-h-\m--c--fn-te-bv-b[mn-I-amb Cu knnbpsS kw`m-hy-X-X-s-bmWv, -Xmbn ]d-bp-p. GIm--[ym-\hpw {]Ir-Xn-k-hpw Fm kZm-Nm-c--fp-tSbpw ]q-[m-cW. AXn-msX kZmhfp-I-bm-bn-cpp CXn- p-t-iyw. D]-\n-j- p-I Nm-c-]-camb \psS A`n-em-j \nd-th- Ign-bp\njvIjn-bvp m\w B-i-n-bpsS kPo-h\n- sa-p-dn-. B]-p-Ifpw `b-fpw tcmK-fpw ac-Wb-a-amb {i AYhm hnizm-k-am-Wv. hrw ^en-p-- fpw Fmw \psS apn-ep-v. Fmepw {]I-S-amb t]m-se-s PvRm\hpw I-n-eqsS A`n-hy--am- Akmw-K-Xy-fpw ]c-kv ]c-hn-tcm-[hpw shp-sIm-pw, I-Ww. m\w \app e`np Ign-m kXyw ssIh- Fm hkvXp-fpw {]hn-p-Xv Ah-km-\-ambn \- Xmbpw AXns\ kzmb-- am-n-b- Xmbpw AXn-\m \mw bvp-th-n-bm-sW-p hnizmkw \apv Dm-lhpw ]cn-h--\w sN-s-Xmbpw Icp-Xs-Sp-p. ""Zpcm-Nm-c- ktm-jhpw \Ip- p. kZm-Nm-c-n\v aX-ns AwKon \np ap-\pw, im-\pw, kam-ln-X\p-a-m-, I-cWw Bh-iy-a p-v . hniz- n-e p- -s Xmw icn-b mlrZ-b-n imn hncm-Pn-mHcp hynXv km[y- sWpw a\p-jys hnPbw A\n-hm-cy-am-sWpw Cuizam-hn-. AXm-bXv m\w sImp am{Xw {_-{]m-]vXn- c \ap- p- d - p- X - c p- p. ""a\p- j ys AZr- i yhpw bp-m-I m h.'' AXp-s Imp cmam-\p-P m\- Aaqhpw Ahm-Nyhpw AKm-[-hp-amb B Hn Xs ns hyJym-\n [ym\w, kam-[n, D]m-k-\, ]qP kam-[m-\hpw hn{i-a-m-\hpw Ip-I-gn-m Ah\p F-n-hbvpw m\w \In-bn-cn-pp. m\-n kam-[m\w e`n-bvp-p. AXn-sesnepw CS-aptm \nv kZm- Nm-cs ]pd- -n-sm-p hymJym-\-n\v th]mtSm Dsp AwKo-I-cn-m Ah\p ]ns AkzHcp \ymbo-I -c-Whpw ImWp-n-. Bm-hn-t\m-Sp -X-bmbn; an-hmdpw X\n-s-m-a-dn-bm-sap Icp-Xp sFIy-`mhw A`n-hy--am-Ip-n-s-n Acw tIh-e- Hcm-fpsS Akz-X!''aX-]c-amb Cu Ddp Inn--gnI- A]-cym-]vX--fm-sWv D]-\n-j-p-I-fq-n-- mns ]cn-n-Xn-bpsS k-n\pw a\p-jys d-bp-p. ""A, Bm-hn-n-hnsS al-mb Nne hnip- A{I-aIr-Xypw \s Akz-cm-m Ign-bn-. -I- \nd-th-m-\p-sv Adn-hp--h\-s-nepw FXn-cm-fn-Ip \psS a\-n t{Im[hpw -Ddpw DfAbm-fpsS Iw HSp-hn hn\-jvS-am-Ipw. Hcm Xs hmm-\m-hn-. kZm-Nm-c-n\pt{]cW \vIp-Xp aXBmhp am{X-amWv kXy-sav a\-n-em-n, Btm- am- W v. aXns ASn- m-\ - n-e - s - n ]ns ]m-k\ \S-p-p-sh-n Abm-fpsS Iw HSp-hn hn\- \apnm Ftm Hn-s\-p-dnp Fspw {]bjvS-am-Ipw. Hcm Xs Bmhv am{X-amWv kXy-sav Xv\satm , Ah-km-\an-m B{K-l-satm \nc-ca\-n-em-n, Btm-]m-k\ \S-p-p-sh-n Abm- amb hf-sbtm Hs Bhpw kZm-Nm-c-n-w. fpsS Iw hn\n-jvS-am-Ip-n-. Abm B{K-ln-p-- aX-n-em-Is CsXmw A\p-`-hkn-am-Ipp; k^-

20

I ehpw

B\--a-b-hp-am-Ip-p. Atm Pohm-m-hns Zueyw \opp; Pohm-m-hn\p hnti-j-amb alXzhpw \n-ln-bvm-s\m-cp-t-iyhpw Ds-p-h-cpp. Hcnbv-eo-t_m-[-ap-Zn-p-I-gn-m ]ns ico-c-_--a-mepw icn XpSmepw icn, a\p-jy AXn-s\-p-dnp DZmko-\\m-Ip-p. Ah km-c-amw kpK-a-amtWm ITn\-amtWm F Nnbpw Ah-\n-. a\p-jy\v kXym-\p-`qXn- b p- m- I p- - t XmsS Ahs ]m]- AIse \opp; ]md-bvs-dn ap-cp-f-t]mse Ah kzbw XIp \in-bvp-p. aX-Po-hn-Xs kw_-n-p Cu apJy-kXyw \n`mKy-h-im `mc- Xo-b-hn-Nm-c--sf-n ]Tn- bvp ]e anI ]WvUn-X-m t]mepw th-hn[w a\-n-em-p-n-. D]\n-j-p-Isf hnain-hcn Ghpw B[p-\n-I-\mb - tUmIvS lyqw A`n-{]m-b-s-Spp: ""D]-\n-j knmhpw {Kop-Im-cmb Ejn-am-cpsS knm-hpw Xn m\w t\Sn-b-h kzm`m-hn-I-ambn k-cn-{X-\mIptam AYhm m\-\-ns ]cn-Wmaw kKp-W-]qamb PohnXw Xs-bmtWm F Imcy-n henb aXt`-Z-ap-v. ChnsS Ipd-m--m\w t\Sn--gn-m ]qmn-X-]m-]-fpw bYm-n- en-m-Xm-Ip-pv! "henb ]m]-am-sWp tXmp-Xpw' m\-an-m--h sNbvXm \nyhpw ^e-n B]-c-hp-amb ]m], inm-` bw IqSmsX ktmNw hnp \nc- cw sNbvXp-sImn-cnm B-m- \n--\p-hm-Z-ap-v.'' D]\n-j m\w B[ym-n-Iamb ]WvUn-Xytam hmZ-{]Xn-hm-Z-]-c-hpw, JWvU-\-a-WvU-\m--I-hp-amb kqva-ss\]p-Wytam Aspw AXv ktm-Xamb ksb - hniz-lr-Z-b-n ktm-]cn-i-nbmbn {]Xy-o-Icnbv-em-sWpw \mw BZyta ]dp Ign--np-v. a\pjy-{]-IrXn sskm-n-I-ambpw {]mtbm-K-nI-ambpw cp hn[-nepw ]cn-h\w sNbvXp-I-gn-m am{Xta Cu Bo-bm-\p-`qXn {]m]n-bvm Ign-bq. lyqw ]d-bp ""Ipd-m m\w t\S'' lrZ-b-ipn h-hp am{Xta km[y-a-Iq. Ahp ]q-kzm-X-{y-ap-v. ""B Db \ne-bn Hcp I I-\; sIme-bmfn sImebm-fn-b; ]pWy-]m-]-f-hs\ ]nXp-Scp-n-. Fsm Abm Atm-tgpw lrZ-b-nse Fm ZpxJhn-Im-c--sfbpw hnP-bnp Ign-n-cnp-p.'' kzX-{\v bmsXmcp \nb-{-W-hp-an-msX Fpw kzw sNmw; ]t Cu kzmX{yw ""tXmn-bXp sNm-\p {`m Xm\pw.'' {_-km-mm-c-hmZn X\n-p-Xmt\ \nb-ahn- [m- Xm- hm- Ip- p; Abm X\npw Xm hkn- p temIn\pw {]`p-hm-bn-o-cp-p. \nb-a\nm-Whpw \nb-{-Whpw X-fpsS a\x-km- n-bpsS t{]c-W-bvsmv BNcn-bvm--hp thn-bp--Xm-Wv. Fm kzmamb Alw-`m-h--fn \np-b-hv kZm-Nmcw PohnX-ns \nXy-_--\-bm-bn-o-cpp; \nbaw t{]a-n ]q-ambn \nlns-Sp-p. Ah ZpjvIw sNpI-sb-Xv kw`m-hyta A. ]pdsa \np kw B-co-Iamb kzoIm-cambn ]cn-Wanp-p. [mnI PohnXw {]m]n-p--Xp-hsc kZm-Nm-c- \n-baw a\p-jy IjvS-sp sR-cpn A\p-k-cnt-p ]pdsa \np Hcp-{K-im-k-\-am-bn-tm-pw. shfnw Inn--gn-mtem

]ns-bXv A\m-bm-k-ambn Dm-l]qw Adn-bmsX - {]hnp Bm-hns kl-P-amb B-c-Po-hnXw Xs-b mbn ]cn-W -a np- p. Hcp Ejn-b psS Iw Bmhns kv^qn-bn-tebvv Xs-m kmkzmWw sN-emWv; AmsX ]pdsa \nv Npa-s-Sp \nb-asf a\p-a-Sp-tmsS A\p-k-cn-e-. I-n\p ]pc-kvImcw Imwnm-, hogvN bvp insb `b-an-m-, Hcp \nkzm-nbmb Bm-hns kzX-{-amb t{]cW \mw ImWp-p. ]c--cm-KX-fmb - N-fpw NS-p-Ifpw _mly-amb I-hy-fpw kZmNmc \nb-a-fpw Abmsf kw_-ntS-tmfw \ncI-am-Wv. Bmhv B ]c-am-\n tNv ]cn-Xp-jvS- \m-Ipp; kakvX ]Zm--fp-tSbpw sFIys Zinbv pp; \mw hyn-] -c-a mbn \psS Bm-h ns\ kvt\ln-bvp t]mse-s AXv kakvX {]]-tbpw kvt \ln-p-p. ""kYm ]q-a mb Hcp k`m-h\ Cs\ hnjb-\n-jvT-am-b, AXm-bXv kZm-Nmcw- k w-_ - n-b mb \nb-a - -[ o-\ -a mbn {]hnbvt _m[y-X-bp--Xmbn hnNm-cnm Ign-bp-I-bn-. Fs-m AXns B-\n-jvT-amb kwL-S\ Imc-Wambn kmZm- Nm-c-kz-`mhw sImp Xs AXns \nbw hcp-m Ign-bpw. AXp-sImv Cuiz-co-b-amb Cbvv AYhm s]mXp-hn AXy- -ip--amb Cm-i- nv ]noSp Bm-cq-]-n Hcp t{]cW Bh-iy-an-. "Ahiy Ihyw' ChnsS Am-\-m-Wv. Fs-m Cm-ivnbpw \nb-ahpw ChnsS Ahiyw GIm-Im-cambn-gn- n-cnp- p.'' kmZm-N mc \nb-a - AXns {]Xy {]IS\-amWv; AXp-sIm-Xns\ _n-p-n. Ghw-hn-[-\mb ]c-am-mhv KpW--fpsS hn[m-Zmhpw kzcm-p-am-W.v AXm-bXv kzbw \nb-akz-cq-]-\m-Wv. hniz-cN-\-bpsS ]-Xn-bn aqp-Xcw kXz--fp-v. (1) kzbw \ne-\n-ev]npw p-Sm-\pw thn {]hn-p-h; kz {]m]vXnsb Imwntm \c-I-`bw aqetam kzmtm-t-iy-tmsS Fs- nepw sNp A[- a-m. (2) \nb-a--f-dn-bp-hcpw X-fpsS Bm-hn\v sshcpy-`m- h-\- bp--Xp- sImv \nb-a--fpsS ]cn-[n-Ip-n CWn HXpn \nm IjvS-sv AXy- [zm\w sNp-h-cpw. (3) Pohn-X-kw-Lj- n hnPbw {]m]nv imn t\Snb hniz-c--I-m. A-c-m Pohn-tXm-t-iy-sn XnIpw A`n--cm-Wv. hfsc hnNm-c-s-Sm-sX, sRcp-an-m-sX, B Dt-iy-n--\p-Iq-e-ambn Ah \nc-cw {]hn-p-sIm-n-cnp-p. kt-lhpw _pn-appw t\cn-Sp Imcyfn I-hy-\n-jvT-cmb {_-m\n-I X-Zhk-c--fn BN-cnp-t]mse BN-cn- bvm D]-\n-j-p-I \tmSv Bm- ]n-p-- t]mse BN-cn-m D]-\n-jp-I \tmSv Bm-]n-bvpp. Cu alm-m- \-{X- {]Imiw hnX-dp t]mse-bpw, ]q kuc`yw s]mgn-p t]msebpw kzbw Adn-bmsX Xs X-fpsS ssZ\n-II--f-\pjvTn-psIm-n-cn-bvp-p. Fm a\p-jypw thW-sap-sh-m Cu knn ssIh-cp-m Ignbpw. Cuiz-ct\mSv Hm-bn-t-cpI kw`m-hy-am-sWv m]n-m AXns hmkvXhn-I-X-X-s-bmWv {]am-Ww. a\p-jy\p k-i\mb ]c-am-m-hn-t\mSv XmZmyw {]m]n - -

21

I A\p-`hw Xsbm-Wv. {InkvXyZmi-\n-Im-cpsS A`n-

Xmn- I-coXym \njvIjnv ]Tn tijw GIm--n {]m-b-n a\p-jy-\n Cuiz-c ]q-ambn A`n-hy- ]q-\n--_vZXbn \-{X- sf t\mn-sm-n-cn- -am-bn-m-Wp-Xv tbip {InkvXp-hns hyn-Xz-n bvpI Fp hnvam ]d-bp--Xp-t]mse kzX-{-ambn am{X-am-Wv. Cuiz- cs kq-amb Hu-Xy-n-te-bvp- ]q-amb GIm--n-en-cpv t\tS-n-bn-cnp-p. Hcpb-cp-hm-\p kw`m-hyX Fm a\p-jy-cnepw IpSn-sIm-p- X-c-n-eXp \mw Adn-bm-\m-{K-ln-p hkvXpsh \psS p-sv D]-\n-j-p-I tLmjn-bp-p. {]b-Xv\n-m- a\-n\p apn \n-em-Wv. [ym\s hyh-lm-cv e-hv B DX ]Z-hn-bn-se-mw. n Zpjn-p- Im-Wp aqmh-bvtm A]-karkZmNmc \njvT kzbtah Hcp eytam Dtiytam Xnbvtm km[-\-kz-cq-]ambn KWn--cp-Xv. a\-ns\ hnjb-n nc-amn \nm klm-b-sa \ne-bn A . A Xns\ \mw \psS ]q PohnXambn DsmffXpv. CXn\v am{XamWv ktm]cn am{Xta FSp-t--Xp-p. hnNm-c-ns Nm-ey--sfmalXzapffXv. ]c-ae-y-n-\p-thn kzX-{y tkh-\- Xpn \nn. C-bpsS ]mfn-bvp ISn-m-Wn-v, a\sa ip-hn-Nmcw hp tIdn-b-tm m\-{`wiw kw`- ns\ \mw hnj-b-n-ep-d-npp; AXn-\p-n-te-pnhn Hcp \nb-a-hn-[nsb A-S-tmsS A\p-k-cn- d-pp; AXmbn XmZmyw {]m]np-p. Cuiz-tcm-]mem- Wn-hnsS kZm-Nm-c-ambn \np--X.v B kzX{ tkh- k-\, kZm-Nm-cw, kXym-t\z-jWw Ch-sbmw Bm-hn \-am-Is ]q-{_--tm-Sp AsslXp-I-`-n-X-s- kXy-Po-hnXw m]n-bvm klm-bn-bvp-p. Dulmbm-W v. Cu Ah- -bn Pohm-mhv ]c-am-m-hn t]m-lm--I-amb a\v Cuiz-ck--sb-p-dnp \nZn-[ymhnebw {]m]n-bvp-p. Fm Cu ey-{]m-]vXnp k-\w sNp-tm t{]am--I-`-n-bn-ep sshIm-cn-Ihgn-sbm-cp-p kZm-Nm-c-]-c-amb ITn-\m-[zm\w Hcn-epw kz-`mhw Cuizc\ns kzbw ebn--S- p-p. km[mc-W-t]mse Atm hnjbw \-fn \np ]pd-ta-bnhy-am-I-bn-. . B ka-bv \nJn-e-k--bnepw Hnp kv^pcnaX-t_m[w bvp AKm-[-amb Hc-\-`q-Xn-bp-m-Ip-p. Cuiz-c-t\mSv aXw apJy-ambn Pohn-X-tbpw A\p-`-h-tfbpw sFIyw {]m]n-p-I-bmtWm Fp IqSn tXmn-tm-Ipw. kw_-n-p Imcy-am-Wv. aX-t_m[w hfm aqp D]m-k-I Xs D]m-ky-tZ-h-X-tbmSp Xpey-ambn hfsmam--fmWv D]-\n-j-p-I \nt-inp-Xv; {ih-Ww, -sa-p-p. hnjbw B ka-bp [ym\-ns LS-Ia\-\w, \nZn-[ym-k-\w. {ihWw tI-dn-bp-Ibpw a\\w Adn- am-bn-cn-bvmsX [ym\n-bvp--hs tNX\ Bbn-o-cp-Xn-s\-p-dnp Nnn-p-I-bp-am-Wv. GIm-{K-lambn p. a\-ns cq]-am-w, Hc-n Pohn-X-k--bpsS apgpIn [ym\n-emWv \nZn-[ymk\w. Hm-as Ah- HmsI cq]-am- --amWv; D]-\n-j-p-I ]c-{_--ns ]c-bmb {ihWw aX-Po-hn-Xn ]mc-cy-n-\p am-\-c-k-amb Ax-t{]-c-W-tbm-sSmw A{]-[m\ tZhm\s kqNn-n-p-p. km-am-{X-\mb Cuiz-c-\n X-I-fpsS Ax-t{]-c-W-sb--nbpw \app ]d-p-X-cphnizm-k-Zo sImm GsX-nepw Xc-n-ep ]c- p-v. Ai-\-ns hnj-b-p hyI-Xn-Xz-cm-KX-amb Hcp Znhy-t{]-cW Bh-iy-am-Wv. ""{]Xy-m- ns kp-Nn-X-`m-h-fpw ]cn-an-Xnbpw Dm-bn-cn-p-n\p-`q-Xn-bn-m-sX-Xs Cuiz-c-k--bn hniz-kn-h S-tmfw ]c-a-eyw {]m]n-m Ign-bn-. \app {_A\p-Kr-lo-X-cm-Ip-p.'' A[n-I]w Bfp-Ifpw ]mc-- am-bn-o-c-W-sa-n {_-hn-j-b-I-amb Ai\w cy-nepw {]Xo-I--fnepw (hn-{K-lm-Zn-I) Xn-\n-p- Xs thWw. I-bm-Wv. D]-\n-jkn-m-n--\p-k-cn aXw ]mc-P]w, [ym\w, kZm-Nm-cw, kXyhpw `mh-\n`-c-hp-amb cy-hm-Z-hp-ambn Hcp hn[-nepw sXn-[-cn-bv-s-p-Iq-Sm. Cuiz-tcm-]m-k\ Fn-h-bn \njvIjn-p D]-\n-j\nc--c-amb _un-I-{]-bXv\w sImv ]mc--cy-ns p-Ifnse DIr-jvS-amb aX-[w ap aX--fn-ep-apJyms AYhm AXn-e-S-nb kXys \mw a\t]mse ]mc-cy--fmb ]nSn-hm-ZfptSbpw am{n-I-amn-em-m {i-an-bv-Ww. cm-as Ah-bn-emWv bm-Pm- e- - fp-tSbpw `mc-m Ip\n-n- n-s Imcyw \mw bpn-hn-N m-c- ns Bh-i y-I X ]d-b-s - n- p-f-f -X v. Hmn-bvt--Xp-.v ]c-am-k Ht Dp; AXv BZys Ah--bn tIh-e-samcp [mc-W-bmbn kzoIhnizw apgps kzbw A`n-hy--am-pp F D]-\ncn-Xv Ctm Xmn-I-\n- b-am-bn-o-cp-p. kXys j- - ns apJy-X-Xzs Hcp ]g- im-Ty-hm- Z- sap Adn-bpI bYm-k-sb {]m]n-bv-e-sp Xo]d-p-IqSm. am\h _pns-m Ign-bp Hcp ]cbm-Wv. Db Xc-n-ep aX-t_m-[n\v bYma-k- Xy-am-W- X.v imkv{X-n- tbpw Zi-\-n- tbpw ]ptcmk A\p-am-\-hn-j-b-am-bm t]mc, kmm-cn-bvKXn AXn-t\m-Sn-S-bp-I-b-. AXns\ kan-bvp-t-bps-Sp-I-Xs thWw. bYm-k-bpsS CuZr-i-amb p. ]c-am-m-hn t{]ahpw BZ-c`m-h-hp-amWv D]-\n-jA\p-`-h-n-\p, A\-s-w-_-n Ccw t_m[p-I-fnse aXw. C-c-n-ep [ym\-amWv B[ym-nn\v X-co-Xn-bn\nv kYm `n-amb Hcp hnNmI-`n hnj-b-hn-j-bn-I Xn-ep t`Z-`mhw [mnc-]-Xn hfp-h-tc-Xp-v. \nZn-[ym-k\w As-n Im-thiw \nd lrZ-b-n shp-cpIn ep]vX-ambn [ym\-a-X Xmn-Ihn-Nm-cs [mn-Im-\p-`q-Xn-bmbn t]mIp-p-shpw AXw-Ko-I-cn-bvp kwkm-cns amm klm-bn-bvp-p. Hcp ]s AXn-s\--ssFIyhpw ]q-X-bp- amWv D]- \n-j-p- I-fnse aX-ns bmWv Zi-\sap hnfn-p--Xv. AXns\ kXy-ns ktmIr-jvS-X-Xzw. aX-]-c-amb A`ym-k-nepw \njvT{Inbm--I-amb kmmm-c-n-\p asmcp t]cmbn bnepw \mw {Ia-n tatem-p-b-cp-t-S-tmfw D]mapt AwKo-Icn-n-p--Xm-Wv. AXv ""tPymXn-WnXw kyhpw D]mkI\pw Xn XmZmyw A\p-`-htKm-Nc-

22

I am-Ipp; Ans\ cpw Hp-Xs Bbn-o-cp-p.


]noSv ]c-cm-KXamb kt-Xm-n D]m-k-\X- s-bn-. Atm ]c-{_w kakvX hniz-nepw hym]nbvp-Xpw a\p-jym-m-hns\ Xn apgp-Inbvp-Xpamb Hc-ko-a-ssN-X\y-sa \ne-bn A\p-`-th-Zy-am-bno-cp-p. \psS AXnh-c-p-I-sfmw XI-cpp; a\pjys A]q-Xbvv Imc-Wamb tZmj- Xmt\ \op-p. aX-ns eyw aX-ns km-Xn-imbnXzw Xs! BZi-aXw Xtm- sSm-nv Bcw- `n ssZzX`m-hs Iogvs-Sp-p-p. aX-kw-_n-bmb D]m-k\ `b-tmSp IqSn Bcw-`n-bvp-p. `n, t{]aw, \nXy-{_-tm-Sp kmbqPyw Ch-bpsS am-n- eqsS aptmp ISv Cuiz-c\pw Bmhpw At\ym\yw tNcp kam[y-h-bn-sen hnc-an-bvp-p. ]qm-h {]m]np--Xp-hsc aX-]-c-amb km[-\-I Bh-iy-ambn AwKoI-cn-bv-s-n-cn-bvp-p.

bn--cp-Xp ]w Cuiz-c-\n-te-bvpb-cpI F-Xn\v iq\y-amb Hc-Km-[-X-bn-tebvp hogpI F-am-Ipw. Atm a\p-jy Fn-t-cpI k-\m-i-n-em-bn-cnbvpw. Cu ]cn-Wm-as kw_-nv D]\n-j-p-Iv X-ap- v. Dm-h {]km-Z hpw ltjm-m-Z hpw \nd Hcp nXn-bmWv; krjvSn-bmb Poh krjvSnsb \ne-hnv {kjvSm-hn-t\mSp tNcp-, IrXy-ambn ]dm Xm {kjvSm-hn-t\mSv sFIyw {]m]np Ign-pshv A\p-` hw hcp Hcm-\ - m-h --bm-Wn-Xv. Cu ]q-Xsb DNn-Xambn hnh-cnm \ssmm-hn-. \mw AXn\v {]Xo-I--fp-]tbm-Kn-bvp-p. imizX PohnX-ns kzcq]w Hcm-\-m-h-bmWv; ]q-kz-X{amb Hcp nXn-bmWv; Pohm-m-hns kpJ-a -b-amb hnkvX m-c-a mWv; AhnsS kzhpw `qanbpw Hnp tNsm-gp-Ip--Xmbn tXmpw.

Pohm-mhv ]c-am-m-hn-t\mSv GIm-Im-c-ambn tNcpp Fp ]d-bp `mK- D]-\n-j-p-I-fn ]e-bn-S-pap-v, ""{]Whw hnpw, Bmhv Apw, {_w AXns ey-hp-am-Wv. A{]-a--\m-b-h AYhm nX-{]- As--Ww. Av Fp-h Ap-t]mse Bbn-ocp-p. ey-amb {_-tmSv sFIyw {]m]n-p-p.'' Bmhv {_w Xs Bbn-o-cp-p. ChnsS Bmtamw hn\pw {_-n\pw Xn ]q-amb XmZmyw Dd-nD]-\n-j-p-I-fpsS A`n-{]m-b-n m\- ns p-]-d-n-cn-bvp-p. hopw ""Ahn-\m-in-bmb {_Dm-h--bn Pohm-m- hns Hcp hnt-jWw \S-pp; n Ch-sbmw Hm-bn-t-cp-p.'' ""Ah A-c-\mb kzmab-amb GIm-InXzw Hgn-hm-em-WXv. Fm-e]c-am-m-hn kayIv {]Im-c-n nNn-sN-p-p.'' sXm-cn-bvepw iq\y-Xtbm arXypthm A. ""Hgp-Ip ""Ah k-\pw km-m-hp-am-Ip-p.'' ""Ah \Zn-I \ma-cq-]-sfm-gnv kap-{Z-n sNv A{]-XyFmnepw {]th-in-pp'' ap-\mb Bmhv Fm -am-Ip t]mse m\n-I \a-cq-]fn \np hnaphkvXp--fnepw {]th-in-bvpp; Fm hkvXp-fpw `mh-cmbn ]cm]-c-\mb Znhy-]p-cp-js\ {]m]n-p-p.'' D]cq-]n XmZmyw {]m]n-pp. ""Cu Bm-hns\ \n-j-p-I kp-Nn-X-\mb Pohm-m-hn\v ]c-a-k--bp{]m]nv Ejn-am X t\Snb m\-m kwXrsv Hcn-epw AwKo-I-cn-p-n-. Xv Aa-cXzw ]vX-cm-Ip-p. X-fpsS Ihyw \n-ln- -h-cmbn e`n-bvm-\mbn {]mn-p-h Pohm-m-hns ]c-aFm Ima--fn\npw ap-cm-bn, ]q-i-atmsS k-sb kzoI-cn-p-p.km-Po-hn-X-nse bYmX-Xzw, k- K-\mb Bm-hns\ k-`m-K--fn-eq- sSbpw {]m]nv Pohm-m-hns {]Ir-Xn-bn k-t{i-jvT-am-b-X,v A\-GIm-{K-Nncmbn (bp-m-m--fm-bn) k-cq-]-amb am-W.v AXv `uXn-I-k--bpsS AXn-cp-Isf ewLnv Ap{_-n {]th-in-bvpp'' ka- kvX-hn- iz- tbpw kdhpw Dd-p-\n-p-p. al-Xz-ns Hcw-ihpw Ipd-bp{Km-ln-bmb GI-k--bn Dd-p-\n-p--Xmbn A\p-`n-. Cl-tem-Is an \ma-t\z-jnp \Sp-Xpw hn-p--hv ZpxJ-t-im-Zn-I-fp-m-Ip-n-. ""thZm A]q-cq-]-n Is-p--Xp-amb [mn-Iaq-eyhnm-\m kwi-b-te-isat\y tbmw Ddsf ktm-m-h--bn-se-p-tm ]q-cq-]-n p [cn--h-cmbn k\ym-k-tbm-K-m ip-k-Xz-m-cm-b]c-am-kz-`m-h-n- ImWm Ign-bp-p. a\p-jy-sc h {_- tem-I-sf {]m]n-p-p. ico- c-Xym-K-ns ka\ne-bn A]q-cq-]-nte \apv BZi-sf {]m]nb-m-Is ]c-a-amb Aa-c-`mhw {]m]nv kYm apm Ign-bp-pp; AXpw Ai\-ap ka-bv cm-bn-o-cp-p. apmmhnp Xm {]]ns Hcp ant]mse am{Xw. Dm-h-bn-em-Is Ahsb {kjvSmhmsWp ]db hn[w ]cammhnt\mSv Ip-av ]q-ambn tijn-sm-p-an-m--hn[w apgp-h-\m{]KmVamb sFIyt_m[apmIpp. ""Rm A- am-Wv. bn, hnI-]-\hnlo\w ]cn-]q-ambn {]m]n-m IgnRm Am-Z- \mWv (`-n-p--h). Rm Im-hmWv; bp-p. \apo temI-n Inp B\w Znhym-\-Rm I-am-Wv. Rm cpw IqSn-b-Xm-Wv. (A-nns \ng-emw am{X-am-sW-v, AXns Xp-amb {]Xntbpw Am- Z-tbpw kwLm-X-Im-hm-Wv) Rm apv cq-]- am- sWv ssX-co-tbm- ]-\n-jv Nqn- m- Wnp-p. (k-Xym-k-Xy- cq-]-I-amb PK- n\papv) P\n-N--h-\m- Wv. Pohn-X-k- ap-{Z-nse Fm IjvS-m-Sp-Ifpw sRcp--fpw Rm Cu {]]- - ns kwlm-c -I m-h p-a m-W v. kln--Xn-\p-tijw \mw Ic-Wbp-Xv ]nWn InSp kqcy\p Xpeyw \nXy-{]-Im-iap--XmWv Fs tPymXnNmtI- n-hcp Hcp acp-c-n-e-s p Xo-bm-Wv. v. Rm Cu kwkm-c-n-tbpw Aacmcmb tZh-mapm-h- sb Bm-hns kq-{]-Im-i -\-ambn cp-tSbpw tI{-am-Wv.'' Cu kq--fn\nv a\-n-emKWn-bv-Ww. ]c-{_-s tIhew Hc-aq-k--bmD]-\n-j-p-I Hpw AwKo-I-cnp-n-sv km[mc-W-bmbn ]d-p-hcm-dp-v. ""t{]a-n hkn-p--h Cuiz-c-\n hkn-p--Cu-iz-c Ah-\n-epw.'' Fm bYm aXhpw Cuiz-cs\ A-cym-an-bmbn Icp-Xpp; Ahn-Spp ]c-a-\n-Kp-V-\p-am-Wv.

23

I Ip-Xv B Ah-bn thdn hyn-t_m-[-ns -

[-ZrjvSym t\mp-tm Pohm-mhv Fm-cw t`Z-`m-h{]k-ntb Cs-m-W.v AXp-sImv B Dm-h--bn -tfbpw hnti-j-XI-tfbpw Hgnp AXp-an-Xp-an-m I-ns {]iv\hpw D`-hn-p-n- . CXv icocw A\no-X-amb Hcp a[y--h-kvXp-hmbn \ne-sIm-phnebw {]m]nv , a\v sI-W-v, khpw AXn-cn- p. Ccw Imcy-fn Ddw \Snp Ign-bp A{im Ccp-n-emgvp t]mtb-S-v, tNX-\m-iq-\y-amb Hc- -m bYm-n hfsc {Inbm-io-e-cm-Imw. XmXzn-IXn-Po-hn-em-sWp tXmpw. \app thW-sa-n-e-Xns\ ]--n\v _ew sImSp-m apm-mhv ]q-X{]mkz]v\-fn-m Dd--sa-tm, t_m[-iq-\y-amb imn- ]n Pohm-m-hm-Wp \apv a\-n-emm Ign-bpw. sbtm ]d-bmw. bm-hIy ssat{X-bnv CXv hnh- XnIpw ]c-am-m-hn-t\mSv Xpey-am-W-Xns \ne. apmcnp sImSp-p-I-bmWv: ""Hcp-p-I sh-n-en-m AXv mhv Xs Fm B{K-l--tfbpw \nd-th-n-smv Aen-p-tN-cp-p. AXp-]ns Hcp-q-n-sb-Sp-m Ign- temIm--c- -fn k-cn-p--Xmbn {]Jym-]n-p bn-. Fm B sh-n\nv GXp `mK-sa-Spp kq-nI apn {]m]n Pohm-m-v {Inbm-io-et\mn-bmepw Dp-]p-fn-bp-m-bn-cnbvpw. bYm-n amb Pohn-Xap-sv kqNn-n-pp. ""Cu temI--fn al-mb Cu Bm-hns nXnbpw CXp-X-s-bm-Wv. k-cn-p-sIm-,v Cm-\p-kmcw `Ww Ign-p-sIm-v. AXv A\--amWv; A]-cn-an-X-amWv; m\-ns ]q- CjvS-n-\\p-k-cv \m\m BIm-c kzoI-cnv kamX-bm-Wv. Cu Poh-k-Xz--fn-eqsS CXp {]Xy-- ambn. Ah- K-m\w sNbvXp sImp hncm-Pnp-p.'' Fmepw Xm tbm-sSmw Am-\hpw sNp-p. arXyp-hn\p tijw ]c-am-m-hn-t\mSv sFIyw {]m]n-n-cnpp F [mctNX-\m-h-k-Y-bn-.'' ssat{Xbn ]d-bpp: ""arXyp-hn\p W-bpapv. Omtm-tKym-]-\n-j-n-\-\p-k-cnp Aa-c-Xz-satijw tNX-\bn-sp ]d-bp A-bpsS hmp-I m Xs-m tZh-{]-tZ-i-tbvv Dbn FnF\nbvp ]cn-{`-a-ap-f-hm-p-p.'' bm-h-Iy Dcw -em-Wv. Cuiz-c-t\mSv kmlNcysa-mWv apWvU-tIm-]\Ip-p. ""]cn-{`-an-bvt--Xmb Imcy-sampw Rm `h- \n-jp ]d-bp--Xv. Cuiz-c-t\mSv ]c-akm-Zr-iy-sapw Xn-tbmSp ]d-n-tm. CXp XnIpw a\-n-em-m-hp ]d-n-cnpp. hyn- ]-c-amb Ccw I- km[ykwK-Xn-bm-Wv. Pohn-X-n ssZzX-`m-hap-m-hp-tm am-m thn-bmWv Pohm-mhv Cuiz-c-Xp-ey-\m-Ipp Hcmv asm-cm-tfmSv kwkm-cnm Ign-bpw, Hcmv Fp ]d-b-s-n-p--Xv. ]c-tam--X-amb Zi-bpsS kz`masmcmtfmSv kwkmcnm Ignbpw. at-bm ]d-bp- h-s-p-dnv F{X-Xs hyXy-kvXm-`n-{]m-b- -fp-sXp tIm Ign-bpw. Hcmv at-bm-sf-n hnNm- nepw Hcp Imcyw Xo-bm-Wv. AsXmcp k{In-bm-hcn-bv m Ign-bpw. Hcmv CX-c-s\- n A\p-am-\n- bmWv; ]q kzX-{-X-bmWv; ]nc-]qmh--bp-amWv; bvm\pw Ign-bpw. Fm Hmtcm ]Zmhpw Abm- IrXy-am-bn--dm- \ap-m-Zisb hn-smn-bvmfpsS Bm-hm-bn--gn-m]ns Fp-sImv Bsc- \m-hn-. C\n Fs-n-ep-samcp hnh-cWw IqSntb Ignbq m- W m Ignbpw? F p- s Im v BcpsS Kw Fp-s-n AXns\ Znhy-Po-hn-X-ns Hc-h-m-t`{LmWnpw? Fp-sIm--htcmSp kwkm-cnpw? Fp Z-sap ]d-bp--Xmhpw \-Xv. kqcy-c-ivan-I kqcy-\n hgn-bmbn B ]d-bp- Xp tIpw? Fp-sImv ebn-bvp t]mse-bpw, Ae-I kap-{Z-n-sem-Xp-phnNmcw sNpw? Adnbpw? Cu kwkvX-hn-iz-tbpw Adn- -t]m-sebpw kzc- Km\-e-l-cn-bn CW-p-t]mbp Fp-]I-cWw sImm-W-hs\ Adn-bpI? k- se-bp-amsX AXn-ep-a[n-I-ambn B-k hn\m-iaS- hp-a-dn-bp Ahs\ Fn-eq-sS-bm-W- dn-bpI?'' CXn \nv bp-n- . Pohm-m- hns kwKoXw kwkm- c-bm-{X- bn hnepHcp Imcyw kv]jvS-am-Wv. \psS _pnv {Kln-m ]vX-\m-Ip-n-,. AsXspw Hp-X-s-bm-W,v Fm Ign-bm-hn[w Hcp {]tXy-Ico-Xbn Ihpw {]Xy- H--Xm-\pw. apm-mhv Fm-n-t\mSpw GIm-Im-c-am-bn-m-\hpw Nnbpw t_m[hpw hnp-sIm-mWv Pohm- t-cpp; Cuiz-c-t\mSv sFIyw {]m]nv Pohn- p-p. hn[mmhv apn {]m]n-p--Xv. Ch-sbmw tIhew ssZzXm- b-I -amb hnh-c Ww sshb- n-I -amb t`Z-t _m[s -I-amb Zi-\-ns e-WfmWtm, Cu I- \ntin-p-Xmbn tXmpw. Cu sshb- -n-I-amb t`Z hnj-bn-I-fpsS hntcm-[`m-hs B{i-bn-mWv \ne- `mhw GsXmcp hn[-n-ep B-`m-h\tbbpw ASn- sm-p--Xv. Ahbvv kmt]--I-tem-I-nte kw`m- m- \-am-n- bp--X-s- nepw AXv Cl-tem-I-n Imhy-Xbp-p. ]c-a-tem-I-n-se-n-bm Fm hn[w \m\m- \p-jvTm\w sNp--Xn Pohm-m-hns\ klm-bnp-p. Xzhpw ssZzX-`m-hhpw AkvXa n-bvp-sap ]d-bp-p. Pohm-m-hns A-c-n-ep Poh-p-IX ]c-a-k-AtXm-sSmw Ah aqe-ap-m-Ip {]Xy--m-\hpw tbmSv sFIyw {]m-]n-p-m-Ip B\--a-\p-`-hn-m I-fpw Cm-Xm-Ip-p. B Ah-bn \nXy\pw AXym-h-iy-am-Wv. Bm-`n-hy-n-bpsS Dtiyw \nd-tham-an- m- -h -\p-a mb Bmhp am{X-am-W p- m-hp-I . m th Hcp hynXzw tI{s ssIh-i-s-Sp-nAXns ]qX-bn Fm KXnIfpw \ne-bvpp; sh-n-p-s-nepw Bm-hn\v Xs Kuc-hhpw Aa-cm-hFm \nd-fpw ap-p. Fm i_vZfpw im-am-Ip- -bpsS al-X zhpw \-h - -a-d n-bm-sap ]d-bp-p. p. apn-bpsS \ntj-[m--I-hi-fm-Wnh; koan-X_p- {_m-WvU-\m-S-I-n Cuiz-c {]hn-p-sIm-n-cn- nbvv {Kln-m Ign-bp--hbpw Ch-sbm-s--s- bvp-p-sh-pw, Znhy-tNX\ AXn Xs `mKw A`n-\bm-Wv. hn[m-b-I-amb Hcp hihpw IqSn CXn-\p-v. \psS bn- p-p- spw Pohm-mhv Adn- bp-p- v. apmmhpw in ]cn-an-Xam-Wv. AXp sImv ]c-am-m-hns ]q- B \mS-In A`n-\-bn-p-pv; kXys ]qXsb hnh-cn-bvm-\m-hn-. Fm-enXp sImp-am{Xw AXv ambpw ssIhiw shp-sIm-p-Xs! Abm-fpsS Dt-iy\ntj-[m--I-amb iq\y-X-bm-bn-sm--W-sa-n-. \ntj- p hg-m-Xmbn Hpw Xs-bn-. ""Ah

24

I Imns\ Xs kt-ihmlIm-cm-p-p. Pzenp


An-Isf a{n-am-cm-p-p.'' hyXykvX-hn-h-c-W-sf XXz-m-\--fn-eqsS CW-n-tm hopw Ipsdmew IqSn Imn-cn-bvt-n-h-p. Cu Pohn-X-nshp-Xs Alm-cs \on--f-bpI kw`m-hy-am-Wv. Ans\ Cu Pohn-Xn ]qX t\Sp--hs\ Pohp--s\p ]d-bp-p. Aar-XXz-n-ep B\w Pohps kz--K-Xn-bns {]I-S-am-Ip-p. Fm `mc-Xo-b-X-Xz-Nn--I-mcpw tamw P\-\ac-W- -fn \np apn-bm-sW Imcy-n tbmPn-bvpp-v. Cuiz-c-t\mSv kmbq-Py-sa-Xv \nXy-\m-IpI FXns asmcp t]cm-Wv. "\nXyX'sb ImW-s-Sp Cu `uXn-I-{]]--ns kt-X-n-tev Xa sNbvXmeXv P-ar-Xyp-c-ln-X-amb Ah--Xs-bm-Wv. -

am-Wv. ]pWy-am-Is \n-bm--Ihpw bYm-hp-amWv; Pohn-X-X-Xz-hp-am-Wv. ]m]-n\v Fm-htcbpw kwXr-]vXcm-m Ign-bn-.

]m]hpw ZpxJm-\p-`hpw
AssZz-X-]--Xn-I-fn-ep-S-\ofw hgn-sX-n-bvp Hcp XS-amWv ]m]-ns {]iv\w. thZ-a-{--fn sshZn-Ihn-[n-bv-\p- Iq-e-ambn {]hn-p-Xp ]pWy-ambpw hnh]co- -Xambn {]hnp-Xp ]m]-ambpw ]d-n-cn-bvpp. D]-\n-j-p-I-fpsS A`n-{]m-b-n \nXy-Po-hn-Xs-n-b p m\w ]pWyhpw Am-\w-]m-]hp-am-Wv. Cu anYym-Zi-\s {]I-Sn-n-p BN-c-Whpw A-Xns\-p-Sp Bm-hns H-s-Sepw ]m]m-Nm-c-am-Wv. D]-\n-j-p-I-fpsS A`n-{]m-b-n {]]--nse \nJne-]-Zm-- tfbpw Cuiz-c-{]m-]Xn-p D]-I-c-a--fmbn v ImtW--Xp-v. \ma-hsb \nb-Xcq-]-fpwths]--h-bpambn Icp-Xp-Ibpw \mw kzbw thdn LS-I-fm-sWp [cn-p-I-bp-am-sW-n [mn-Iambn ]m]w sNp-p. Al-mcw aqew ]q-{_-ns ]c-am-[n-Im-cs \ntj-[n-epw kzbw kmw-K-]qhpw kzbw-]-cym-]Xv hp-am-sWp {]Jym-]n--ep-am-Wn-hn-sS-bp sXv. ]q{_--ns ]c-tam--Xm-h-sb BN-c-W-ns Almcw sImv \n-cm-I-cn-pp F-XmWv ChnsS ]m]-ambn-o-cp-Xv. kzm-a-b-amb Al-m-cs P\n-nbvp AI--g-n-m AZrjvSn Xs kp-Nn-X`m-hs sIn-n-Snp \npp; Fm-hn[w XymK-fn \npw ]nh-en-bp-p. AXns km-\-amWv ]m]w. D]-\n-jp-I ]m]w amb-bm-sWp ]d-bp-n; B ]m]w imiz-Xam-sWpw kqNn-n-bvp-n-. Cu c-hkvXI-fnepw AXn\v Iosgm-Xpn hgpI a\-jys I-hy-am-bn-cnpw. ]pWy-ambn ]cn-h\w sNm _m[y-X-s- -XmWv F A- n ]m]w Ab-Ymam-Wv. AXns cq]w amm {]bXv\w Bh-iy-am-sWtmp-tm A{X-tmfw AXp bYm-hp-am-W.v B tNX-\bpsS m\v ]c-am-tN-X-\sb IpSn-bn-cp-p-Xv ]pWy-am-sW-n-cns Xs Bmhv Cuiz-c-t\-m DX\msWp hcp-p-Xv ]m]-am-W.v D]-\n-j-p-I-fpsS A`n-{]m-b-n kZm-Nmcw hkvXp-fpsS bYm kz`m-hs {]I-Sn-n-p-p. Ah-km-\n- ]pWyw am{Xta hnP-bnp-Ibp-p. ""kXyw Pbnpp; AkXyw Pbnp-n.'' ]m]w Hcp \ntj-[m-I-amb hkvXp-hmWv; X\n-p-Xm FXn-cmWv; arXyp-XXz-

Bo-b-Po- hn-X-np a\p-jym-h--I-fn Ign-tb- nh-cp-t-S-tmfw Imew ZpxJs XpS-p-\o-n--f-bm-\mhn-. Xs kq-k-bpw Cuiz-cm-Wam-bn-ocp--Xp-hsc ZpxJm\p`-hfpsS {Ia-n \S-p D- Xn-{]-{Inb Ah-km-\n-n-m Ign-bn-. D]-\n-jp ]dbpp: ""a\p-jy bYm-n b-am-Ipp'' \mw Cuiz-cm-`n-ap-J-cm-bn-o-cp-Xp-hsc PohnXw \nc--c-amb arXyp-hm-Wv. a\p-jym-mhv \nXy-k-sb {]m]n-bvm\mbn tinp Xn-n- S-bvp Hcp ]oUm-m- \-amWv PohnXw. adItfmtcmtmtcmmbn \otXpv. Cuizcob PohnXw ssIh-cp--Xn\p apmbn Pohn-X-n-ep {`mn kaqew \in-Ww.

Iw
EtKz-Z-nse "EX'n {Ia-k-am-[m-\fpw k`c- Whpw {]I-S-am- bn-m-Wmw. I-kn-m- -n--\p-k-cnp t\mn-bm [mn-IPKn A\n-n-Xtam An- - ctam Bb bmsXmcp hkvXphpw ImWp-I-bn-. \mw hnXbvp-Xv \mw sImp-p. ]pWy-ns ]pWyns hnpIrjnsNbvXm ]pWy ^ew sImmw, ]mhns hnn \np ]m]hpw. Ghpw sNdnb Iw t]mepw a\p-j y-k z-`m-h - n kzm[o\w sNep-p-p. Imbn Xs Dn-en-c-pv t{]cW \In-sm-n-cnp Nne hmk-\-Isfmw XmX-s hnNmcw sNbvXv t_m[-]qw Xnc-s-Sp ]q-I--fpsS ]cn-Wma-am-s Wp a\p-j y-\ -dn-h p- v. Adn- p-s Imv \mw sNp I- Ipsd Ign-m AmX ioe-f m-bn-o-cp- p. kzm`m-hn-I-ambpw Cp \ap-p Am-X-hm-k-\I ap]v t_m[-]q-w sNbvXp-h kzw I--fp-sS-Xs ]cn-Wm-aam-sWv Icp-XsSp-p. kap-{Z-nse Ae-b-Sn-I-tfbpw \-{X--fpsS KXnI-tfbpw \app XSp-p-hm Ign-bm--t]m-se--s[mn- I-hn-Im- k-ns {]{In-b-tbbpw XS- bm \mw Aka-cm-W v. I-\n-b-a- sf AXn-ew-Ln-b vm \Sp {iaw Hcm Xs \ng-ens\ Hgn-hm-n-tm-Im {ian-bv p- -t]m-s e- s \njv^ -e-am-Wv. Ime-s smp amp-I-f-bmt\m ac-W-s-smp Npc-n--fbm-t\m, Ign-bm I--fpsS Hcp {]am-W-tcJ a\pjy Pohn-X- n-ep-s- Xv Hcp a\x-im-kv{X-kn- m--am-Wv. tZhb---f-\p-jvTn-m ]m]-tam-N-\-ap-m-Ip-sa ]gb sshZn-I-kn-m--n\v {]tXyI {]m[m\yw sImSp-p-ImWp-p-v. ]m]w sNp--h arXypsh {]m]n-bvp-sav Hcp tLmc-in-m-hn-[nbpw hnfw-_cw sN-s-n-cn-bvpp. Hcp a\p-jy ]pWy-hm-\m-IpI bPvR--fn-eq-sS-b; k{]-hr-n-Ifn-eq-sS-bmWv: ""Hcp a\p-jy k{]-hrn-IsImv \h\pw No hrn-I sImv Noh\pw Bbn- o-cp-p.'' hopw ""a\p- jy Cm-i- n-bp Pohn-bm-Wv. Cu temI-n Ah hnNm-cn-p-t]mse-s ]c- tem- Ipw Bbn-o-cpw.'' AXp sImmWv \tmSv \-Xns\ Cn-bvm\pw \-Xp-Xs sNm\pw hn[n-n-p--Xv. ""Ah Xs a\-p-sImv GXp-tem-I-

25

I sf {]m]n-m sImXn-mepw GXp hkvXp Inm-\m-{Kln-mepw B temI-fpw B hkvXp-fpw ]cn-ip--lrZ-b-\mb Ah\p e`y-am-bn-o-cp-p. AXp-sImp {]I-Si-n-bmb `qXnsb B{K-ln-p--h Bm-hns\ icnbm-b-dn-bp (B--{]--bm-b) D]-ks D]m-kn-bvWw.'' I-ns {]Xn-^-e-am-bn-mWv A\m-Znbpw A\-hp-am-bn-p k P\-\-a-cW-fp kwkm-c-am-bn- o-cp--Xv. I-kn-mw a\p-jy tZh-m arK-, hr-e-Xm-Z-nI Ch-sb-sbmw Xs heb-n ]nSnp Iqp- p. bYm-n D]-\n-j-p--fpsS A`n-{]m-b-n kap-Zm-b-tk-h\w sImt I-n \np apn e`np-I-bp-p. kzm-I- sNbvXp-sIm-n-cnp-tS-tmfw Imew \mw I-_ns \nb-a-n\p - A[o-\cm-bn-cn-pw. \mw Bk-n-cln-Xcmbn Im-\pjvTm\w sNp--]w apn {]m]n-p-p. ""\obn-s\ Pohnbvs Iw \ns IpSp-m bmsXmcp Imc-Whp-an-.'' \mw P-ar-Xyp-fpsS N-ebn _-cm-Im ImcWw I- sNpp F-X kzm-]qamb I--fm-Wv. hyn-I X sNp-Xns D-c-hm-Znw kzbw Gs-Sp-msX B `mcw hn[n-bpsS Xebvtm \-{X--fp-tStbm as-n-t-sb-n-eptam tase-Nmcn Hgn-p- amdnsmn- cp Ime- L--n Ikn-mw Cs\ \njvIjn-p. ""Hcp ]n kzbw IqSpmn AXn _-\-\m-Ip t]mse a\p-jy kzbw _\m-Ip-p.'' \psS apI-fn an-m-Wp hkvXp Ccp Zpn-[n-b-. \mw Xs app sNbvXpsh I--fm-Wv, \mw kwkm-c-N-{I-n\v Cc-b-. ZpxJm-\p-`hw ]m]-n\p Inp thX\amWv. C-c-samcm-ibw kZm-Nm-c-\n-jvTm-\-n\p in-bmb t{]c-W-bmsW Imcy-n kwi-b-an-. a\p-jys I-v AXn-cn-Sp Nne \n_--\-I-fp-st CXn--ap-p. \ma \s krjvSn-Xv,. Zpm-[-amb Fs-nepw Imcyw t\cn-Sp-tm-gmWv \mam-{K-lnvp hn[w apgp-h \app sNm-\m-hn Fp \mw a\-n-em-p-Xv.v icnbvp a\n-em-nb I-kn-mw kZm-Nmc {]b-Xv\s \ncpm-l-s-Sp-p-n-. a\-n\v hnep hbvp-n-. Cmi-nsb N-ebvn-Sp-n. Fm Icy-fpw ]qm-h- I- fpsS A\n-hm- cy- amb ]cn- Wm-a-am-sWp am{Xta AXp ]d-bp-p-p. Imcy-ambn ]cn-W-anp Hcp kz`m-h-apv Imc-W-n-\v. {]Ir-Xn-tb-m Db \ne-bn-ep Pohmmhv AXns kzmX{yw {]tbm-Kn-bvp-n-s-n `qXIm-es BN-c-Whpw h-am-\-Im-e]cn-n-Xnbpw a\pjy-s I-v XnIpw hni-Zo-I-cWam-bn-o-cpw. - a\p-jy {]Ir-Xn-bpsS shdp-samcp D]--a-. Ah Xs I-t-m _e-hm-\m-Wv. hn[n-bmWv k-hpsa-n ]ns kzX{yw kw`m-hy-a. a\p-jy-Po-hnXw tIhew bm{n-I-_-fpsS {]h-\a. AXn - - thsd thsdbmbn ]e \ne-Ifp-apv ss\kn-I-Z-i, {]mWm-[m-c-\n-e, Pm{K-Z-h, _un-I-Z-i, [mn-I-\ne Cs\ Cu Hgp-p-I At\y\yw Atm-p-an-tmpw apdn-p-I-S- p-Ibpw Dn-tebv p Xf-n-d -p-I bpw sNpp. a\p-jys \nav\-{]-Ir-Xnsb `cn-bvp I

knm--n\v Ah-\n-ep [mn-I-hihp-ambn bmsXmcn-S-]m-Sp-an-. Pohm-m-hns kmc-XXzw kzmX-{y-am-Wv. AXns\ D]-tbm-Knv a\p-jy\v Xs {]mIr-Xn-I--fmb at\m-th-K-sf \ntcm-[np \nb-{n-bvm Ign-bpw. AXp-sIm-p-X-s-bmWv Ahs PohnXw ss\KnIambn \n-bn-bv-s Ah-I-fpsS ]c-c-bn \nv IqSp- X t{ijvT - a mbn \np- - X v . apnbvmbnsmp Ah-s Fm {]h- \-fpw \nXykz-`m-hs B[m-c-am-n-sm-m-I-cpXv; ]cn-n-Xn-IfpsS BLmXw sImp-am-b n- q-S. A-cm-m-hns kzmX{y t{]cW sImp-Xs Bbn-cn-bv-Ww.

I-n\p cp hi--fpv; Hp hniz-hym-]n- bmWv; atXp a\x-imkv-{X-]chpw. Hmtcm Ihpw AXns kzm`m-hn-I-amb ]cn-Wmaw kwkm-c-n-tebvp \evI-pv. AtX kabw AXv a\pjy a\-n Hc-kv]jvS-[mcW ]Xn-n-bvpp; Hcp khn-ti-j-{]-hWXbp-f-hm-p- - p. Cu {]h-WX AYhm kwkvImcw As-n hmk\-b mWv \s Hcn- sNbvX {]hrn hopw Bhn-bvm t{]cn-n-bvp--Xv. Ans\ t\mnbm Cu kwkm-c-n Hmtcm {]hr-n-bvpw AXnt-Xmb ^e-apv; AXv a\-n {]`m-hhpw sNep-pp. BZyw {]kvXm-hn Xc-n-ep I-^e-sf kw_-n-t-S-tmfw \msa-{X-Xs {ian-mepw \ap-h-bn\np c-s-p-\n-evm Ign-bn-. Fm am\kn-I-{]-hWXIsf thW-sa-n \app \nb-{n-m - - Ign-bpw. \psS `mhn-bn-ep BN-c-Ws kw_-nt-Stmfw Fmcw kw`m-hy-XI-fp-ap-v. B-kwbaw sImv \app ]qWy-amb at\m-hr-n-Isf ins-Sp-m Ignbpw; Zpn-Im-c-sf Xfm\pw Ignbpw. I-]-Xn BkvXn-Iy-kn-m-tmSv s]mcp--sSp-n-sp ]e-tmgpw ]ecpw hmZn-bvm-dp-v. AJn-e{]-]-nepw A[n-Imcw \S-p Ahpw At_m[-hp-amb Hcp XXz-amWv Iw. AXv Cuiz-cs \nb{-Wn-\p-t]mepw hnt[-b-a-. ss\kn-I-amb Hcp \nbaw \S-m-m \ap-smcp \ymbm-[n-]\m-h-iy-an-. ]c-am-m-hns bYm-X-tbmSp s]mcp--sSm-X I-XXzw. I-s--n-bp [mn-I-kn-mw ]c{_--ns kzcq-]s {]I-S-am-- em-Wv. Cu {]{In- bsb \nb-{n-bvp-Xv Hcp Znhy-in-bm-sWp kKp-Wkn-m-s A\p-k-cnv \app ]d-bm Ign-bpw. thZ-fn Cu \nb-a-kw-ln-Xsb EX-sap ]d-bpw. hcp-W\mWv EX-ns A[n-]-Xn. tZh-m-cpsS am-an-m Imcy-sf Iw FSpp ]d-bp-p. CXv bYm-k-bpsS kzcq-]ns GXn-tbpw kzm-]c-amb CSs]-S Akm-y-am-n-opp. imkv{Xob \nb-a-fp-tSbpw {]hr-n-I-f-p-tSbpw B[p-\n-I-kn-m-hpw CtX \n-b-n-em-sW-p--X.v Ah kzhpw An-c-hpamb ssII-S-en-t\mSp hntbm-Pn-bvp-p. Cuiz-c-ksb sXfn-bnm Ap-X-Ir-Xy- Bh-iy-am-sWn imkv{X- Cuiz-cs\ Fs-t-bvp-ambn \inn-p-I-gn-n-cn-pw. Pohn-X-nepw BNm-c nepw I-kn-m- -s-

26

I tmse al-Xz-ta-dnb asmcp hnizm-k-{]-am-Wan-. PohnX-n \ap-s p kw`-h n- mepw AXn\v H-Xpn hgn hWn \n-Ww. ImcWw Ah \psS `qXIm-es I-ns ^e-am-Wv. C\nbpw `mhn \psS ssIbvp-n-emWv; \apv Bi-tbmSpw hnizm-k-tmSpw IqSn {]hn-bvmw. Iw `qX-Im-e-n\v Iosgm-Xpm\pw `mhn-sb-p-dn-m-in-m\pw t{]cW \evIp-p. AXv {]]--nse ]Zm--sfmpw AXnse hnP-b]-cm-Pb --sfmpw Bm-hns aln-asb kv]in-pn Fv a\p-jysc [cn-n-pp. kZm-Nmcw XsbmWv \. Db ]Z-hntbm sFiz-cytam A; htam -hw-itam A. \ XmsX thsd \-bn.

`mhn PohnXw
]c-temI Pohn-Xs-n CtX-hsc kpkw-K-X-amb Hcp nc knm-hpw Dm-bn--gn-n-n-s-nepw CXns\-n thZ-Im-e-tbpw {_mW-Im-e-tbpw hnNm-c D]-\n-jp-Ifn Ipsd-qSn hnI-kn--Xm-bn-mWmw. CXv ]p\ Nn-bpsS cq]-n D]-\n-jpI-fn apJy-amb m\w ]nSn-n-cn-p-p. Cu Bibw BZy-a mbn iX]Y {_mWnemWv ImWp- - X v. AXn ac-W-n\p tijw hopw hopw P\n-bvp-I, hopw hopw acn-bvpI Fo c-h-I {Inbm{]-Xn-{Io-bm-cq-]-n-ep Hcp kn-{i-[m-c-Wbmbn {]I-Sam-Ip-p. bYm-m\w t\Sn [y-I--f-\p-jTnv p-sImv PohnXw \bn--h ac-W-tijw Aa-cXzw {]m]nbv m-\mbn hopw P\n-bvp-p. AtX kabw B m\w t\SmsX IhyI- sf Ah-K-Wn- psImp Ime-bm-]\w sNbvX-h hopw hopw P-saSpp arXyp-hn-n-c-bmbn `hn-bvp-p. {_mWw ASp temI-nte P\-\-ac-\W- \S-p--Xmbn kzoIcn-bvp-p-p. D]-\n-j-p-I-fnemb-tm B hnizmkw Cu temI-mWv ]p\--sa hnizmk {]am-W-ambn amdn. c-`n-{]m-b--fpw. cRvPn-n-se-n-bn-cnpp Fp \ap-p ]dbm-\m-hn-. Nne-tm cpw Hcp-an--Xmbn ImWmw. k-pw ZpjvI-pw Cc-^e A\p-`-h-s-Sp-p-v. Hcn-bv ]c-tem-Ipw AXn]ns ]\--sa-Spv Cu temIpw. arX-icocw Zlnv `kvaam-bn--gn-m Pohm-mhv Dz-eamb tPymXn- b-cq-]- n ]c-tem- I-bm{X XpS-tijw DSs\ aqp am-ambn ]pXn-sbmcp Poh-\n-tep aS-pp. {_-tmSv GIm-Im-c-am-bn-t-cp-I -bmWv Aa-cX zns Ghpw Db Ah-. Cu A`n-{]mbw D]-\nj-p-I-fn kv]jvS-ambn {]Xn]mZnnpv. tZhm ]ctamX kIfmbncptm AhtcmSp tNcp Xnembncpp apn, Ctm {_w ]ZmfpsS BZnXXzhpw. {]]-ns ]c-aamb B[m-c-hp-am-bn. AXp-s Imp {_-t m-Sp tN-bmbn imizX PohnXw ]c-tam--X-amb tam-n-se-s-nepw \yq\X hv \apv ]X\w `hn-p ]w Ime-ns A[nIm-c-]-cn-[n-bn-tep Xmgm\pw Hc-h-bn \nv asmn-te-mbn XpSsc HmSn-sm-n-cnm\pw \mw \n-cm-Ipw. apn {]m]nbvm Bmhv P\-\a-c-W-\n-b-a-

p hnt[-b-\mWv; CtX kwkm-c-n hopw hopw P-sa-Spv Xs hn[n \n-ln--Ww. bYmamb Aa-cXzw apm-m-p--XmWv; _p-m-cpsS PohnXw Imem-[o-\-hp-am-W.v ""shfp-Xpw Z-lo-\-hp-amb Bn-tbmsS hngp-p m\-tbvv Rms\m-cnbvepw t]mIm-Xn-cn-bvs'' Fsmcp {]m\ \mw tIm-dp-v. sNbvX I-ns kz`m-h-a-\p-k-cnv AXn-s\m Xc-n-emWv A\-c-Pw e`np-I. Pohmmhv kzbw t{ijvT-Po-hn-X-n-te-bvp-bv Fp m\-n\v kz-sapw AXp-t]mse Xs-m Xmtgmv hogp-n-S-tv \c-I-sapw ]d-bp-p. Cu kwkm-c-P o-h nXw Bm-hns bYm Pohn-X -a; koanX ]Zm- \-tfmSp ]n-n-Snp \np-tS-tmfw Imew \apo kwkm-c-ns ASn-aw t]dn \S-t-n-hcpw. koan-X-tm-sSmn \np-sImv \ap-smcn-bvepw ]qs {]m]n-m Ign-bn; \ma-Xn-s\{X-s ASp-s-n-bnpw Imcy-an-. ]ptcm-KXn \nc-c-amb hnIm-k-amWv; As-n kX-Xamb kmao-]yamWv. km-X-Xz-sf Xosc AI-n-bm Cuiz-c-t\mssSIyw km[n-bvpp; ]noSp kwkm-c-n-tev aS-an-. Bm-hns A\p-im-k-\amWv kkmcw sImpt- in-n-p--Xv.

Hcp XXz-im-kv{X-n\pw AXns `qX-Im-e-N-cn-{X-s Xn--f-bm-\m-hn-. ]c-tem-I-Po-hn-Xs kw_-n-p D]-\ n-j - n- m- - n\v ]c-t em-I - n k- v km-\hpw ZpjvI-v inbpw hn[nbvp {]mNo\ sshZnI knm--tmSpw tbmPnp t]mtI--Xp-m-bn-cp-p. a\p-jys bYm- n-Xn-I- kz-`mhw ]pXnb ]p\- -h m-Z s {]mNo-\-a mb ]c-temI imkv{X-t mSv tbmPn- nm {ian- p. AXn ba[s `c-W-n-ep arXm-m--fpsS B\--a-b-temI-s--nbpw ZpxJ-]q-amb AImc-t em-I-s-nbpw hn-n-p-m-bn-cpp. CXp Imc-W-ambn D]-\n-jn-m-- n- smcp hnj-aX t\cn-p. Fs- m AXn ac-W-tijw aqp am-sf kzoI-cnt--Xp-m-bn-cpp. ""\mw Cu As {]Xn-]m-Zn-p Hcp Bjkq-hpw tIn-p-v. "Rm ]nXr-bm-\-amw tZh-bm-\amw Fn-s\ a\p-jyv cp am- tIn-pv. ]nXr-m-\p \np A-co--n-tbpw amXr-m-\p ]rYn-hn-bp-tSbpw a[y-n-ep Fm PwKa hkvXp-fpw KXn-sN-p-Xv Cu cp am--fneq-sS- - s-bmWv'' arXm- m-hn\v Xm `qan- bn shv PohnX-Im-ep sNbvX I--fpsS ^e-a\p-`-hn-bvm-\mbn D]-\n-j-p-I cp am-sf--n-bmWv ]d-n-p-Xv. Hns\ tZh-bm\w AYhm An-mw Fp ]dbpp; {]Im-iabamb amw Fw. cm-a-tXv ]nXr-bm\w AYhm [qa-am-amWv; AXm-bXv A-Imc amw. BZy-tXv An, tPymXn-v, Alv apX-emb hn`n am--fn-eqsS {_-temIw AYhm kXy-temI-tv \bnp-p. B temI-s-n-bm ]ns aS-an-. {_m-hns\ ]pWym-m--sfmw sNs-p, Xs cmP-[m-\n-bn D-Xknw-lm-k-\n-en-cp-cpfp hnj-bm-{in-X-k--bmbn ImWp-t-S-tm-fta tZh-

27

I bm-\-am-n--ap-p. Fm Pohm-Xamhpw {_v


-hp-ambn XmZmyw {]m]n-p-I-gn-m {_m-hns knwlm-k\w Cf-Ip-I-bm-bn. tZh-bm\w ]c-ak--bp-ambn sFIyw {]m]n-bvm-\p Hcp Nhn-p-hgn am{X-ambn Ahti-jn-bvp-p. ]nXr-bm-\-am-Is [qaw cm{Xn apX-emb hgn-I -f n-e qsS N-{- t em- I - n-t ep aS- n- h -cp- n- . Fm ]nXr-bm-\-qsS t]mIp--h X sNbvX ]pWy-I--fpsS kpJ-^- e-- f-\p- `-hn- p-I- gn-m `qanbn-tebvp Xs aS-n-hcp-p. hnh-cnp-tm hfsc hyXym-k- ImWpw. Iujo-X-In-{_m-Wn-\p-kcnv ac-W-tijw Fmhcpw BZy-ambn t]mIp-Xv N{tem-I-n-te-bvm-Wv. hfsc Ip-dp t]tc AhnsS \np ]nXr-bm-\-am-ambn {_-tem-I-n-tep t]mIp-p-p. _mn-bp- -h \m\m-cq-]--fmb X-fpsS I--fpsS tabpw m\-ns am{X-bp-a-\p-k-cnp a\p-jy sXmp ]pgp hsc-bp hnhn-[-cq-]--fmb {]mWn-Po-hn-X-fn-tebvv aSn hcp-p. tZh-bm-\hpw ]nXr-bm-\hpw A\p-{I-a -ambn {]Im-i-tem-I- n\pw A-Im-c-tem-In\pw AYhm Am-\-tem-I - n\pw Xpey-am-W v. AXmWv \s kwkm-c-n _np \np-Xv. aqm-a-sXmcp am-s--nbpw ]d-bp-p-v. AXv AIm-cm-hr-Xhpw ZpxJ-a-b-hp-amb Hcp temI-n-tebvv \bnbvp-p. ""Ahpw shhpw HSp-nb Id-hv taen s]dm tijn-bp-an-m NS ]ip-sf Zm\w sNp-h B\-- iq-\y- amb temIs {]m]np-p.'' ]pgp-fpw {]mWn-Ifpw Cg- Pm-Xn-Ifpw Cg-bp- Xpw Pp- Pohnpw Npw Ign-bp--Xp-amb aqm-as hgn-bm-Wn-Xv. {_tmSv XmZmyw kmm-cnp Ign kzX-t{mm-hn\v Xs apn-mbn aspw t]mtIn hcp-n. Ah-s\-hn-s S-bm-bmepw {_m-\--a\p-`-hn-bv p-p. ""Ahs {]mW- Fpw t]mIp-n-. {_-am-bnsmv {_-kz-cq-]-ns ebn-pp.'' apn {]m]n--h acp am-n-eq-sSbpw t]mIp-n. apn {]m]n-bvm Ib- dn-tm- Ip- - h-cmWv tZh-bm-\-qsS bm{X sNp-Xv. {Ia-n-ep Btcm-lWw hn-s-n-p-Xp-sImv {Ia-ap-n-bpsS am-sap ]d-bp-p. ac-W-tm-Sp-I qsS Bmhpw \in-bv pp F `uXn-I-ho--Ws D]-\n-j- n--I-m A\p-Iq-enpn- . Ahp PohnXw XpSp-\n-p-sa Dd hnizmk-apv. ico-c-\m-i-n\npw AXo-Xambn kpc-n-Xambn \np Ftm Hp-spw A`n-{]m-b-ap-v. FhnsS t\mn-bmepw ]c-kv]c-hn-cp--fmb kev]--fmWv ImWp-I. aX-Im-cy-n-em-sW-n sshZn-Iamb _lp-tZ-hhm-Zhpw b-fpw D]-\n-j-p-I-fnse GtI-iz-c-hm-Zhpw Bo-bPn-hn-Xhpw Dun-bp-dn--Xmbn ImWmw. kap-Zm-b-X -e n PmXn-t`-Za pv; AXns ImTn\yw Ipd-bvm hniz-hym-]-I-amb DZm-c-`m-h-hp-ap-v. ]c-tem-I -hn-j-b -n-em-sW-n \c-I- k- ]-tmSp IqSnb ]p\ knm--ap-v. Fm icnsb sXv Aan--fp. {_m-Wo-b-aXw AXns Fm Ahyh--I-tfmSpw ]c-kv]-c-hn-cp---fmb \nc-h[n k]-

-tfmSpw IqSn D]-\n-jp-Ip tijhpw _p-Im-en\p app-ap CS-m-ev ]c-a-tIm-Snsb {]m]n-n-cpp. [mn-I-ambn hc _m[n Ime-am-bn-cpp AXv; Ap kXyw I-]n-Snv ]mc--cy-am-bn-o-ncp-p. kZmNmcw Iv Zn\-k-cn-bm-bn-tm-bn-cp-p. PohnXw A\p-jvTm\-]c--cbm-bn. am\-htN-X\sb hnln-Xhy-h--I-tfmSpw I-hy-I- -fp-t Sbpw Ccp-p-I q-n Atm-p-antmpw Npn-n-cn-p. A-cow {Inbm-I-em-]--fm izmk-wapn GsX-n-ep-samcp a{w sNmm-sXtbm NS-\p-jvSn-m-sX-tbm, Hcmp-W-cmt\m InS--hnp Fgp-tevm-t\m, Ifn-mt\m, ucw sNm-t\m, apJw IgpImt\m {]mX Ign-bvmt\m \nhr-n-bn-m \ne hp. p{Zhpw \njv{]-tbm-P-\-hp-amb Hcp k{-Zm-b-n \nm-c-fmb anYym-hn-izm-k- \nd-p-In-S-n-cp Hcp Ime-Lam-bn-cpp AXv. ipjvIhpw lrZ-b-lo-\-hp- amb Hcp Zi-\]-Xn-bp-m-bn-cpp AXn\v; hc-Xpw - ]nSn-hm-Z-ap--Xp-amb Hcp aX-ns ka-\hpw AXn\v e`n-p. AXv Ir{Xn-a-Xzhpw AXn-itbm-nbpw \nd-Xm-bn-cp-p. Npcpw hnNm-c-io-e-m-sct]mepw Xr]vXn-sSp-m AXn\ Xosc Ign-n-cp-n-, A[nIw hcp _lp-P-\s ZoL-Im-e-tp Xr-]vXn-s-Sp-m\pw Ign-n-. D]-\n-jp-Ifnse GtIizc-hm-Zhpw thZnse _lp-tZ-h-Xm-hm-Z-hpw, D]-\n-j-p-Ifnse Bob-Po-hn-Xhpw sshZn-I-amb b-{I-a-hpw, D]-\n-j-pIfnse tam--kw-km-c-fpw thK-nse b-{I-a-hpw, D]-\n-j-nse hniz-hym- ]Xzhpw km[m-c-W-amb PmXn t`Zhpw, Xosc Aim-kv{Xo-b-amb Cu Zz--[n-IImew Hnp tbmPnp Ign-bm h-mXmbn. ]p\\nmWw Ime-L--ns AXym-hiy-am-bn-o--p. a\p-jys km[m-c-W-Po-hn-X-n-tev Cd-n-h-cm Ign-bp XXzK-l\hpw IqSp-X [mn-Ihp-amb Hcp aXamWv B Ime-Lw {]Xo-n-n-cp--Xv. _p-a-X-mcpw ssP\cpw NmhmI-m AYhm `uXn-Ihm-Zn-Ifpw Ap \S-n-encp aX-ns Ir{Xn-a-kz-`mhw Nqn-m-Wn-pIbpmbn. BZyw ]d cp Iq Bm-hns [mn-Im-hiy-sf Dun--d-p-sImp aX-ns ]p\\nmW-n\p {]b-Xv\n-p. Ah D]-\n-j m-\-ns kZm-Nm-c-]-c-amb k-hym-]n-Xzs \n-ln-m {ianp-I-bp-m-bn. Fm AtX-k-abw X {_m-WPm-Xn-bpsS {]mam-Wy-n \npw b-]-Xn-Ifn \npw \S-p aX-n \npw Xosc _-ap-t]m-Xmbn Ah Icp-Xn. `K-hKo-Xbpw ]no-Sp-mb D]\n-j-p-Ifpw `qX-Im-es Ah-ew-_n-bvm Aimkv{Xo-b-XXz-sf IqSp-X kwc--W-`m-htmsS ka\z-bn-n-bvp-hm ]cn-{iaw \S-n. D]-\n-jp-Iptijw ]no-Sp Ime-Ln \mn \S-p-m-bn- cp aX-n-s-Xn-cmbn AXyw ITn-\-amb bmYm-nXnI {]Xn-tj-Z- cmPy-ns hnhn-[-`m-K--fnepw cq]wsImpshp hcmw; _p-aXhpw ssP\-a-Xhpw IngZn-nepw `K-hKoX {]mNo-\-ssh-Zn-I-a-X-ns tImbm-bn-cp ]Sn-m-d {]tZ-i-pw.

28

29

D]-\n-jv kam-lm-c-s-n

1. D]-\n- jv thZ-a-{--fpsS hymJym-\- am-Wv. Cuim-hm-ky-D-]- \n- jv ip- b-Pqth-Z-ns \mXmw Aym-b-am-Ip-p. ap {][m-\-amb Ztim-]-\n- j-p-I Bc-Wy-I--fpsStbm {_m-W-fpsStbm `mK-am-Ip-p. thZ-a-{m-Jym-\--fmb D]-\n-j-p-Ip thZmw F t]cp-Iq-Sn-bp-v. ]c-{_-ns kKp-W-\npW kzcq-]-fmb XXz-sf D]-\n-jn Ns-p-p. D]-\n-j-p-Ip hn`n k{-Zm-b--fn-ep BNm-cy-m Ah- cpsS \X-a-\p-k-cnp `mjyw cNn-n-cn-p-p. D]-\n-jp-I 108 Fw Dv. Cu 108 D]-\n-jn Ztim-]-\n-jn-\mWv Ghpw IqSpX {]m[m-\yw. Ah Cuiw, tIXw, ITw, {]iv\w, ap-Iw, sFX-tc-bw, OmtmKyw, _rl-Zm-cWyw Chbm-Ip-p. Nne ]n-X- m tizXm-iz-cw, ssIjo-XIn F cp D]-\nj-p-IqSn CtXm-sSmp tNv ]{-sw Ghpw {][m-\-ambn Icp-Xp-p. _mn-bp D]-\n-j-p-I A]-c-[m-\-am-bnp BNm-cym Icp-Xp-p. Ztim-]-\n-j-p-Ip {ioi--c XpS-n-bp-h `mjyw cNn-n-p-v. D]-\n-j-p-I 108 IqSp-Xembn 144 Dsp ]d-bp--hcpw Dv. AX 183 BWv F A`n-{]m-b-mcpw Dv. Fm BNm-cy-m Ch-bvsmpw `mjy- \In-bn-n-. 2. D]-\n-j-ns temI-tbvp R (B. eoem-tZ-hn) IS-p-sN-p-Xv Fgp-ns BZy-Im-emWv. AXm-bXv 19mw Ime-L--n- Inm-hp-n-S-tmfw D]-\n-jp-I iJ-cnv ]Tn-p. {ioi-cs hymJym- tmsSbp `mjy- ae- bm- f-n Inm- \p- v. {io. F. F. chn- h- sb- tm- ephcpsS hymJym\w hmbn--tm ae-bm-f-n asmcp hnh-\-n\p m\- an-s-p IcpXn B Nn Ahkm-\n-n-p. R hmnb {K-fn {io. lcn-Ir-jvW-Zmkv tKmb--Im-bpsS hymJym\w hmbn--tm AXv Fs BIjn-p. Atlw efn-X-ambn XXz-Nn--I Ah- X- cn-n-n-cn-p-p. At-l-ns coXn Ah-ew-_np ""HXv D]-\n-j-p-I'' FgpXn hnZymn-an{Xw _pp-Un-tmbvp sImSpp. AXn\p henb klI-c-Whpw e`n-p. {]kn--s-Sp-nb DSXs AXp hnp-Xo-cp-Ibpw sNbvXp. D]-\n-jns temIp CXn\p thdn-smcp kzc-ap-m-bn-cp-p. ""H]Xv D]-\n-j-n-''s\-n Aev]w-IqSn ]d-bmsX h. B. eoem-tZhn Khsav Aym-]nI-bm-bn-cp-p. Av km Poh-\-m-c ]pkvX-I-sa-gp-X-W-sa-n km A\p-hmZw thW-am-bncp- p. km-cn- tebvp At] Ab-p. AXv \nc-kn- - Xp-sImv ]pkvX-I-n Fs t] am{XamWv hn-cp--Xv. Cu \ntj[w km- cn-s\-smv \nbaw amm- \p {]tm-]-W-n\p XpS--an- Sp-I-bpm- bn. "H]Xp D]-\n-jv' kmln-Xy-A-m-Z-anp hnin-jvS-{K--ambn ]cn-K-Wn-m\mbn Ab-bvm ]ecpw ]d-XpsImv Ab-p. 600 cq] klm-bhpw 20 {K- Am-Z-anp \Im\pw D-chmbn. Av kmln-Xy-A-m-Z-an-bn-ep-m-bn-cp {io. kpIp-am Ago-tmSv Cu {K-ns t{]c-W-bm ""XXz-akn'' F {Kw cNn-p-I-bp-m-bn. ae-bmfn-ep 108 D]-\n-jv Xncp-h-\--]pcw FUyp-tjW ]n-tj-gkns ASpp v hp. Cu Imew 108 D]-\n-j-p-I hnh\w sNbvXn-cn-p-Xv Fkv. B. hn. sslkvIq-fnse lnn Aym-]-I\mb ]mp-f-c `mkvI-c \mb-cm-bn-cp-p. At-lw-X-s A-Sn-n {Kw hn-\-bvmbn AhnsS Gn--Xm- bn-cp-p. al-mb Hcp {ia-^-e-ambncpp AXv. ""\apv Hv t\mn-bmtem?'' FUyp-t-j kt-kns DS-a-bmb cma-\m-Y tNmZnp. Rm adp-]Sn ]d-n-. 108 D]-\n-jns kwkvIrX-{Kw Atlw Fs Gn-p. hon sImp-h-p-h--X-msX AXntep IS-n-. ""kwkvIr-X- en]n ae-bm-f-n-se-gp-Xn-bm aXn'' ]eXpw Ihn-X-b-, KZy-ams-WmWv Ah ]d-- Xv. Ipdv t\cw-t]m-n-\mbn amn-h--Xm-bn-cp-p. Imew IS-p-t]mbn. `mcy IS-p-t]m-bn. Fmw amdn-a-dn-p. Fgpp Rm \ndp-nb ambn. ]ns Ah XpS-n-h-Xp ]q-bm-m\p Hcp Nn-h-p. ]eXpw Xnc-s-Sp-v kplr-psf Gn-p. {]imn ]n-tjgvkns DSa {io. them-bp[ \mb-cmWv Fs kplrv. ]ca`, Atlw Hcp Znhkw Ztim-]-\n-j-n-tep IS-p. AXp-{]-kn-o-I-cn-m Bh-iy-s-p. Ah B-hnizm-k-tmsS, ktm-j-tmsS \In. ]ns AXns XpS-bmbn 108 XnI-bm Atlw Bhv iy-s-p. As\ Rm hopw XpSsgpXn. `K-hms A\p-{K-l-n\p {]mn-p-sIm-v. hn. _me-Ir-jvW

31

DSw
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. Cuim-hm-tkym-]\n-jv............................ 33 ItTm-]-\n-jv................................................ 39 tIt\m-]-\n-jv............................................ 67 aptIm]-\n-jv...................................... 75 amq-tIym-]-\n-jv.................................. 91 IuX-Io-{_m-tWm-]-\n-jv.................. 95 ssXo-co-tbm-]-\n-jv............................ 112 tizXm-iz-X-tcm-]\n-jv........................... 141 sFX-tc-tbm-]-\n-jv................................. 167 {]ivt\m-]-\n-jv......................................... 175 Omtm-tKym-]-\n-jv................................. 191 _rl-Zm-cWy-tIm-]\n-jv....................... 277 Ayp]-\n-jv............................................. 362 A]q-tPm-]-\n-jv..................................... 366 A[ym-tm-]-\n-jv...................................... 367 AZz-b-Xm-c-tIm- ]\n-jv............................... 374 AYh-in-tcm-]\n-jv................................. 377 Aar-X-\m-t Zm-]\n-jv................................... 382 Ah-[q-tXm-]-\n-jv...................................... 386 Btm-]-\n-jv............................................. 389 B-{]-t_m-t[m-]- \n-jv........................... 393 B-t_m-t[m-]-\n-jv................................ 396 Bcp-Wn-tIm-]-\n-jv.................................... 400 EtKz-Zob kckzXyp-]\n-jv.................... 402 B{i-tam-]-\n-jv.......................................... 408 GIm-tcm- ]\n-jv.................................... 410 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. IT- cp-t{Zm-]-\n-jv.......................................... 411 Ien-k-c-tWm-]-\n-jv............................. 115 Imem-n-cp-t{Zm-]-\n-jv............................... 416 Ipn-tIm-]\n-jv...................................... 418 IrjvtWm-]-\n-jv......................................... 420 ssIh-teym-]\n-jv...................................... 423 pcp-tIm-]\n-jv......................................... 426 KW-]-Xyp-]\n-jv......................................... 428 Kcp-tUm-]\n-jv............................................ 430 Kt`m-]-\n-jv................................................ 433 Kmb{Xo D]-\n-jv........................................ 436 Kmb-{Xo-c-l-tkym-]-\n-jv.......................... 441 tKm]me-]qh-Xm-]n-\yp-]-\n-jv............... 444 NXpth-tZm-]\n-jv..................................... 448 Nmp-tjm- ]\n-jv...................................... 450 Pm_m-e-Zi-t\m-]-\n-jv........................... 451 Pm_m-eyp-]\n-jv......................................... 467 Xpco-bm-Xn-tXm-]- \n-jv................................ 469 Xpf-kyp-]-\n-jv............................................ 470 {XninJn{_m--tWm-]-\n-jv..................... 472 [ym\-_n-q-]\n-jv...................................... 484 Zn-Wm-a qyp-]-\n-jv........................... 493 tZhyp-]-\n-jv................................................. 496 Zztbm-]-\n-jv................................................. 499 \mZ-_n-q-]-\n-jv.......................................... 500 \mc-Z]-cn-{hm-P-tIm-]\n-jv........................ 504 -

32

I
53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. 62. 63. 64. 65. 66. 67. 68. 69. 70. 71. 72. 73. 74. 75. 76. 77. 78. 79. 80. \mcm-b-Wm-Yin-tcm-]\n-jv..................... 534 \ncm-e- tm-]-\n-jv....................................... 536 \nhm-tWm-]-\n-jv...................................... 539 \oe-cp-t{Zm-]-\n-jv........................................ 540 \rknw-l-]qh- Xm-]n- \yp-]-\n-jv ...................... 543 \rknw-l-jvS -N-t{Im-]-\n-jv...................... 553 ]-{_-tm-]-\n-jv................................... 554 ss]wK-tem-]-\n-jv....................................... 558 ]c-a -lw-tkm-]-\n-jv.................................... 566 ]c-a-lw-k]cn-{hm-P-tIm-]\n-jv.............. 567 - ]c-{_-tm-]-\n-jv....................................... 571 ]mip-]X-{_-tm-]-\n-jv........................... 575 {]W-thm-]-\n-jv........................................... 580 {]mWm-n-tlm-t{Xm-]-\n-jv..................... 582 _rlvhy-tNm-]-\n-jv................................... 585 {_-_np]-\n-jv...................................... 586 {_-hn-tZym-]- \n-jv.................................... 588 {_tm-]\n-jv............................................. 596 `np-tIm-]\n-jv......................................... 599 aWvU-e-{_m--tWm-]-\n-jv..................... 600 a{n-tIm-]-\n-jv.......................................... 607 alm-\m-cm-b-tWm-]\n-jv........................... 609 alm-hm-tIym-]-\n-jv................................... 641 atlm-]-\n-j v................................................. 642 apn-tIm-]\n-jv......................................... 680 apZvK-tem-]-\n-jv........................................... 691 ssass{X-b-Wyp-]-\n-jv............................. 695 ssat{X-p-]\n-jv........................................ 705 81. 82. 83. 84. 85. 86. 87. 88. 89. 90. 91. 92. 93. 94. 95. 96. 97. 98. 99.

K
bm-hevtIym-]-\n-jv............................ 711 tbmK-IpWvUeyp]-\n-jv........................... 715 tbmK-Nq-Um-aWn D]-\n-jv........................ 727 tbmK-X-tXzm-]-\n- jv..................................... 737 tbmK-cm-tPm-]-\n-jv..................................... 747 cmt[m-]\n-jv................................................. 749 cp{Z-lr-Z-tbm-]-\n- jv..................................... 750 cp{Zm-Pm-_m-tem-]-\n-jv........................ 755 cpt{Zm-]- \n-j v................................................. 759 emwKq-tem-]-\n-j v......................................... 760 h{P-kq-Nn-tIm-]-\n-jv.................................. 762 ic-t`m- ]-\n-jv................................................ 764 imSym-b-\o-tbm-]\n-jv............................... 768 imnteym-]-\n-jv..................................... 773 imco-cn-tIm-]-\n-jv....................................... 787 inh-k-evt]m-]\n-jv................................ 789 ipI- c-l-tkym-]\n-jv.................................. 790 {iocm-a-]qh-Xm-]n-\yp-]-\n-jv................... 795 kt\ym-tkm-]- \n-jv..................................... 801

100. kc-kz-Xo-c-l-tkym-]-\n-jv....................... 813 101. kmhn-{Xyp-]- \n-jv......................................... 819 102. kotXm-]-\n-jv............................................... 820 103. kqtcym-]-\n-jv.............................................. 824 104. ku`m-Ky-evao D]-\n-jv........................ 826 105. kvItm-]\n-jv............................................ 831 106. kzkw-th-tZym-]-\n-jv.................................. 833 107. kh-k-tcm-]-\n-jv...................................... 834 108. lwtkm-]-\n-jv............................................. 837

33

Cuim-hm-tkym-]-\n-jv

Cuim-hm-tkym-]-\n-jv ip-bP-iqthZ ImWz-imJob kwln-X-bpsS \mev]-X m-as A[ym-bam-Ip-p. a{`m-K-ns Awiw Bb-Xp-sImv CXn\p {]tXy-Iamb alXzw Iev]n- n-cn-p-p. b-P-qthZnse BZys ap-n-H]Xv Aym-b-- fn I-Im-- s- n {]Xn]m-Zn-p-p. CXv B Im-ns Ah-km-\- `mKamWv. ChnsS `K-h-XvXzkzcq-]PvRm\Im-s \ncq-]Ww sNp- p.

]-Xnbpw k-i-n-am\pw kPvR\pw k Ieym-Wkz- cq-]\pw Bb ]c- ta-iz- c-\m hym]vX-am- bn- cn-p- p. Fmm-epw At-l-m ]cn-]q-am-Ip-p. (KoX 9-4). CXns bmsXmcp `mKhpw Atlm cln-X-am-bn-cn- pn (KoX 10-39, 42). Cs\ Nnnv B Cuiz-cs\ \nccw Xtm-Sp-IqSn A[n-h-kn-n-p-sIm-v, kZm Atls kvacn-p-sIm-v, Cu {]]--n aa-Xbpw Bknbpw XyPnp I-hy-]m-e-\-n-\mbn am{Xw hnj-bsf bYm-hn[n D]-t`mKw sNp-hn, AXm-bXv hniz-cqD]-\n-j-pfn Ghpw BZy-tXv Cuim-hmky]n-bmb Cuiz-cs ]qP-bvp-thn am{Xw I-sf amWv. Cu D]-\n-j-ns BZy a{w ""Cuim-hm-kyw.'' BN-cn-p-hn. hnj-b--Sn-a-bm-Ip-hm a\-ns\ F hmIyw- sImv Bcw-`n-p-- Xn-\m CXn\v Cu t]cpA\p- h - Z n- - c p- X v . CXn \np \n- b - a mbpw m-bn. awKfapm- Ipw. Cu t`mKy hkvXp- Bcp-tS-bp- a-. a\pimn- ] mTw jy {`aw aqew Ch-bn aa-Xbpw Bk-nbpw Isp- p. Ch ]c-ta-i z-c -tXmIp- p. At-l - ns Hmw ]q-aZ: ]q-anZw ]q-mXv {]kX-bp-thn Ch-bpsS D]-tbmKw \S--Ww. CXp v ]q-apZNytX a\p-jyp-thn thZ-`-K- hms ]hn-t{Xm-]-tZ-i-am-Ip-p.

]q-y ]q-amZmb ]qtahmhinjytX*!! Hmw imnx imnx imnx

kn-Zm-\-L\ ]c-{_--]p-cp-tjm--a Fm {]Imc-nepw kZm ]cn-]q-\m-Ip-p. Cu temIw B {_m ]cn-]q-am-Ip-p. ]q-Xbpw A]q-Xbpw B ]c-{_-n \npw D-hn--Xm-W.v ]c-{_--ns ]q-X-sImv Cu PKp ]q-am-Wv. ]q-amb ]c{_-n\npw ]qXsb amp-I-bm-sW-ntmepw ]qXzw Ah-ti-jn-p-p.

2. Ih-t-thl ImWn PnPo-hntj-Xw kamx Ghw Xzbn \m\y-tY-tXmkvXn \ I en]ytX \tc.


]q-a-{n ]d-n-cn-p--Xp-t]mse PK-ns GI-am-{Xm-Imhpw [mhpw lmhpw k- i-nam\pw k-a-b-\p-amb ]c-ta-iz-cs\ kvacn-p-sImv Chsbmw At-l-n- t-sXp IcpXn At-lns ]qPbvmbn imkv{X- \n-b-X-amb I-hy-I- sf BN-cnp-sImv \qdp-kw-h-cw Pohn-p-hm-\m-{K-ln-p-hn. Cuhn[w Xs PohnXw apgp-h ]c-ta-iz-c-\ p-thn kaWw sNp-hn. imkvt{Xm--amb kzI-sf BN-cn-p-sImp PohnXw Ign-p-Iq-p-Xp ]c-ta-iz-cs ]qP-bp-thn am{X-am-Ipp; X\n-p-th-n-b-. t`mKw v t`mKn-p-- Xn-\m-bn- -. shdpsX sNp- -Xn-\m B Ip \ns _-\-n AI-s-Sp-m Ign-bp-n-

1. Cuim -hm-ky-anZw kw -b-XvIn PKXymw PKXv tX\ Xyt\ `pRvPoYm amKr[: Iky-kznZv[\w. AJne hniz {_lm- a m- - n ImWp- I bpw
tIp-Ibpw sNp Ncm-N-c-h-kvXp--sf-mw, Ah-sbm-ntbpw km-[m-chpw k-\n-b-mhpw km-[n-

34

I . I- A\p-jvTn-p-sImv Ah-bn apgp-Im-Xn-cn-

t\-m-f-[nIw Xo{h-KXn-tbmSp IqSn-b-h-\t{X. a\-ns p--Xn\v Cu Hcp am-ta-bp-q. CXn-\-Xn-cn--ambn ap KXn FhnsS hsc Fp-pthm AXn\pw hfsc A[n-I-abmsXmcp amhpw I- _-- \--fn \npw tamN\w Ise At-l-sa-p--hm-\p-Ip-p. a\-n-\m-Is Ahn-sSt\Sp-hm-\m-bn-n (KoX 250, 51; 510). h-sc-sb-p-hm Ign-bp-n-. Atlw Fm-n-tbpw kw_w C{]-Imcw I-_---fn\npw apn- BZnbpw m\-kz-cq-]hpw BIp-p. AYhm F-nt\-Sp--Xn-\p amw \nt-in-n-cn-pp. C\n CXn\p tbpw BZn-Im-c -W-\m-b n-c n-p- -Xp-s Imv Atlw hncp--amb am--fn IqSn Ncn-p a\p-jy-cpsS Ahsb t\cs Adn-b p- p. Fm tZh-X- I fpw aljn-K-W-fpw ]q-ambn At-ls Adn-bp-n KXnsb hn-p-p. (KoX 10-2). AXn-Xo{h thK-bp--amb _pn, a\-v, 3. Akpcym \ma tX temIm At\ C{nb AYhm hmbp BZn-bmb tZh-X-I AXmXakmhrXmx Xns in--\p-k-c-W-ambn ]c-ta-iz-cs A\p-k-m-\XmwkvtX t{]Xym-`n-K-n tb tI n kZm ]mp- sIm-n- cn- p- p. Fm ]c-ta-iz- c NmXv alt\m P\mx \nXy\pw AN-e -\p-am-b n-cp-p-s Im-p-X- \s\ Ah-sbsbmw ISp aptmp s]mbvsm-n-cn-p-p. Cham\-h-i-cocw ap Fm ico-c--tfbpw At]-np bvsmpw At-l-ns ASp-p-hsc Fm Ignt{ijvThpw ]ca Zp-`hpw BIp-p. AXp-t]mse CXv bp- n-. koam-cm-ln- Xy-s--n-bp hnhcw koa-bn HXpPohn-Ip `K-hms {]tXyI Ir]-sImv P\-\-a-c-W-cqn--gn-bp--h Fs\ A\p-am-\n-pw. hmbp apX-emb ]-amb kwkm-ckmKc-n \op--Xn-\mbn Inn-b-Xm-IptZh-Ifn AS-n-bn-cn-p in Pe-hj-Ww, {]Imp. Cs\ icocw e`n- n- p a\p- jy Xs I- sf iw, {]mWn-{]m-W-k- m-cWw apX-emb I--fn Ah Cuiz-c-]q- P-bvmbn kan- m-sX, Imat`mK- - sf-s hn\n-tbm-Kn-p-p. Ah-sbmw ANny in-bmb ]cPohn-X-ns ]c-a-ey-sap IcpXn hnj-bm-k-nta-iz-cs alm-i-n-bpsS tIhew Awiw am{X- am-Ip-p. bnepw A`n-em-j-p-th-nbpw Hmtcmtcm hn[-n At-l-ns kl-tbmKw Cs-n Ahsmpw tIhew hnj-bkp-J--fnepw Ah-bpsS btY-jvS-amb sNm km[y-a-. D]t`mKfnepw apgp-In--gn-bp- p. C-s\-bp- -h hmkvX-h- n Bm-hns lXy Xs \S- p-p. Fp kw_w C\n ]c-ta-iz-cs ANny in-tbbpw sIms-m C{]- Imcw ]X- \-n- tep \op- -h X- hym]-I-X-tbbpw ]n hopw hn-p-p. fpsS Pohs\ hy-ambn \in-n-pI am{X-a Xsf 5. XtZ-PXn Xss-PXn XZvZptc XZz-n-tI. Hp-IqSn Bg-n I- _---fn Ipcp-p-I-bmWp XZ--cky khky XZp kh-kymky sNp--Xv. Cu Imam-k--cm-b-h Ah Bsc-n-ep-am_mlyXx I-s, Ah temI-n henb t]cpw bipw ssh`hhpw A[n-Im-c-fpw t\Sn- bn- p- -h-cm-Is ac-Wm- \-cw ]c-ta-iz-c Nenpw Nen-m-sXbpw Ccn-p-p. Htc I- ^- e- am-bp iqI- c, IqI- c, IoS- ]- Xw-KmZn hn`n- - timI Ime-n ]c-kv]c hncp- -- fmb `mh-fpw KpW-fpw km] ]q-amb Akp-c- tbm-\n-I-fnepw `b-c \c-I-- {Inb-Ifpw At-l-n-eS-n-bn-cn-p-p. CXv At-lfnepw Ae-tb-- Xmbn hcpp (KoX 16-16, 19, 20). CXv C{]- ns ANny in-bpsS aln-a-bm- Ip-p. ap Xc-n Im- c-ap Akpc kz`m- h- tm- Sp-Iq-Snb ZpjvS- mp- thn ]d-m `K-hm Xs Znhy ]c-a-[m-a-nepw eoem-[m-a\n- bn--s- n-p-Xpw `oI-c-amb A- Im-c-m Bm- nepw Xs {]nb-s `-mp kpJw \evIp--XnZn-Xhpw BIp-p. a\p-jy Xs kzbw D-cn--Ww, \mbn B {]mIrX kKp-W-km-Im-c-cq-]n {]I-S-ambn kzw ]X\w Dm--cpXv F KoX-bn `K-hm CXp- eoe \S-p-p. CXp `K-hms Ne-\m-h--bm-Ip-p. sImp ]d-n-cn-pp (KoX 65). \np-W-cq]w `K-hms AN-em-h- -bm-Ip-p. CtX coXnkw_w temI-hym-]n-bm-bn-cn-p B ]c-ta-iz-cs\ bns `K-hm t{]c-ln-X-cmb a\p-jyp Zi\w kZm kvacn-p-sImv At-l-ns ]qP-bmbns \Ip-n- . AXm-bXv Ahsc kw_- n-n-Stmfw B v Fm I-fpw sN-Ww. AsX-s\? AtX-n ]d- ]cm-in hf-scb[nIw AI-se-bmbn nXn-sN-pw. adnv, t{]a-ns hnfn tIp kabw t{]an-P-\--fpsS bpp; apn {]Xy--s-Sp-p. t{]an-P\sf kw_-np ]c4. At\-P-tZIw a\tkm Photbm ta-iz-c kZm-k-a-bhpw \nI-S-hn-bmbn nXn-sN-pss\\-thm B]v\p h ]qh-ajXv p. CXp IqSmsX `K-hm kZm k{X ]cn-]q-\pw. Xm-h tXm \ym\-tXyXn XnjvT-CXp-sImv Ghpw AI-sebpw AXp-t]mse Ghpw kvan-t]m amX-cnizm Z[m-Xn. ASppw Ahn-Sps kmnyw {]I-S-am-Ip-p. FpsIm-s-m `K-hms kmn-y-an-m Hcn-Sw- t]mepw km--cym-anbpw k in-am\pw Bb ]c-ta-izCu PK-n Ahtijn-p-n-. AJn-e-nepw Ac AN-e\pw GI\pw BIp-p. Fn-cp-mepw a\-n-

35

I cym-an-bm-bn-cn-p--Xp-Im-cWw Atlw \tmSv AXyw

ta hnh-cn-n-p--Xp-t]mse ]c-ta-iz-cs\ Fm-hn-[kao-]-m-bn-cn-p-p. Fm Am-\n-I-fm-bn-p--h nepw ImWp-Ibpw Adn-bp-Ibpw sNp alm ]pcpAt-ls Cu cq]-n Xncn--d n-bp-n-. Ahsc j ip`m-ip` I-P-\nX {]mIr-X-kq-va-i-co-c\pw ]kw_-n- n-S-tmfw Atlw hfsc hfsc AI- se-bmbn `u-XnI, An, kncm, amwkm-Zn-ab jUvhn-Im-c-bp nXn-s N-pp (KoX 13-15). `K-hm Cu ImWp qe- tZ- l- c-ln- X\pw On{Z- c-ln- X\pw Znhy- k-n- Zm- \- -L-\\w kakvX PK-n\pw ]c-am-[m-chpw ]ca Ic-W\pw BIp- AXp-t]mse {Im-Zinbpw AJn-e-tbpw Xs \nbp. AXn-\m AIpw ]pdpw Fm epw vdW-n shbvp km-[n-]-Xnbpw kzm`o-jvSAtlw ]cn-]q-\m-bn-hn-pp (KoX 77). m {]I-S-am-Ip--h\pw k\m-X-\-Imew apX kI-e-Pokw_w C\n ASp cp a{--fn-embn Cu ]c- h-cm-in-Ipw-thn Ah-bpsS Im\pkc-W -amb {_-]-c-ta-iz-cs\ Adn-bp alm-]p-cp-j-m-cpsS nXn- Fm hkvXp--tfbpw krjvSnp hn`-P\w \S-p--h\pw Bb B ]c-{_ ]pcp-tjm--a-\mb ]c-ta-iz-cs\ {]m]nsb-n hn-p-p. p-p.

6. bkvXp khmWn {`Xm-\ym-t\y-hm-\p-]-iyXn kh-`q-tXjp Nmm\w XtXm \ hnPq-Kp- ] vk-tX.

C{]-Imcw bmsXm-cp- kIe {]mWn-h-tbpw km-[m-c-am-bn-cn-p ]c-{_ ]pcp-tjm--a-\n, ]c{_- - n ImWp-Ibpw AXp-t]mse ]c- {_-s {]mWn9. Aw Xa: {]hn-in tbhnZym-ap-]m-ktX h-n Zin-p-Ibpw sNp-pthm Ah\v Bsc-sbnepw shdp-p-hmt\m tZzjn-p-hmt\m Fs\ Ignbpw? XtXm `qb Ch tX Xtam b D Ah kZm ka-bhpw Xs ]c-am {]`p-hns\ Zin-phnZymbmw cXm:. sImv (KoX 629, 30) a\-q-ambn AJn-e-tbpw {]WbmsXm-cp-h t`mK--fn Bk--\mbn Ah-bpsS an-p-I-bpw kI-e-tcbpw tkhn kuJy-ap-m-m {]m]vXn-p km[-\m-cq-]-amb Ahn-Zysb \m\m-{]-Im-cBin- p-Ibpw sNp-p. ap I-mbn A\p-jvTn-p-pthm Ah B 7. bkvan khmWn `qXm-\ym-Xvssa-hm I--fpsS ^e-kz-cq-]-ambn Am-\m--Im-c-m -`q-Zzn-Pm-\Xx ]cn-]q-amb hnhn[ tbm\n-I-tfbpw t`mK--tfbpw {]m]n-p-p. Ah a\p-jy-P--ns ]c-a-e-y-amb X{X tIm tamlx Ix timI {io]-c- ta-iz-cs\ {]m]n-msX \nc--c-am-bp P\-\-a-c-WGI-Xz-a-\p]iyXx cq-]-am-Ip {]]--{]-hm-l-nsp hnhn-[--f mb C{]-Imcw a\p-jy ]c-am-m-hns\ \mbn Xncn-n-dnkm-]- A\p-`hnp Ign-tb--Xmbn hcp-p. cm-abp-tm, Pohn-I-fn Ah ]c-am-m-sh GI-am{X Xmbn bmsXm-cp- Ax-Ic-W-ip-np thn-b-mXXzs Zin-ptm, Ah\p kZm-k-a- bhpw ]c-am-msXbpw {kjvSm-sh- p am\yX AwKo-I-cn-m-sXbpw hns Zi\w e`n- p-s Im- n-c n- p- p. Cu kabw Ahs Ax-I-c-W-n timI-tam-lm-Zn-hn-Im-c-v I- A\p- jvTn- p-Ibpw hnthI sshcm- KymZn m\Fs\ m\-ap-m-bn-cnpw? timI-tam-lm-Zn-hn-Im-c-- ns {]mY-anI km[-\-I-fn-msX tkhn-p-Ibpw sNpfpsS Omb-t]mepw Ahs lrZ-ba-WvU-e-n Gim- p. Fm tIhew imkv{X- ]mT tInv kzbw hnZy-hn[w Ah B\--a--\m-b n-o-c p-p. a\p-jy bpsS m\-ns anYy-tcm]w sNbvXv m\m-`n-am-\nAhs\ Fmw {]hn-p-- h-\mbn ImWm-dp- s- nepw bm-bn-c n-p-Ibpw C-s\-bp anYym-m\n kzbw B ka-bpw Ah Xs \mY-t\mSp IqSn Dm-k-ambn m\n-bmbn `mhnv ""Rv bmsXmcp I-hy-hpan'' Fp-]-d- p-sImp I-hy-I--sfmw XyPn{IoUn-p-sIm-n-cn-pp (KoX 631). p-Ibpw C{n-bp hio-`q-X-\mbn imkv{X-hn-[nkw_w C\n C{]-Imcw ]c-ta-iz-cs\ XmXzn-I-ambn Ip hn]-co-X-ambn tXmn-b-Xp-t]mse I- BNAdn- bp- -Xp- sImpw Zin- p- - Xp- sImpw D ^es cn-p-Ibpw sNp-p. Cu Imc-W-m Ch kIm-a-`mhnh-cn-p-p. h-tm-Sp-IqSn I- A\p-jvTn-p hnj-bm-k-8. k ]cy-Km- p-{I-a-I m-b-ahvd W-a-kv\m-hncw cmb a\p-jysc At]-nv A[n-I-X-c-amb A-Im-cs ip- a-]m- ]-h nw ]ip, ]n, iqI-c--Iq-Ic XpSn \oN-ar-K-tbm-\n-Isfbpw cuch Ipw`o-]m-ImZn tLmc \cItfbpw {]m]nIhna-\ojo ]cn`qx kzbw-`qbm-Ym-XYytXmYm hrZ-[m-m-iz-Xo`y: kam`yx p-p.

kw_w ASp aqp a{--fn-embn hnZy-bp-tSbpw Ahn-Zy-bp-tSbpw XXz- hnh-cn-p-p. Cu {]I-c-Wn ]c- {_-{]m-]vXn-p km[-\-bmb m\s hnZy F t]cnepw kzmZn temI-{]m]vXn AYhm Cu temI-nse hnhn[ t`mssK-iz-cy-{]m-]vXn-p-th-n-bp km[m-cW Is AhnZy F t]cnepw hnfn-p-p.

36

I kw_w imkv{X-ns bYm-Xmcyw a\-nemn m\-tbpw I-tbpw A\p-jvTn-p--XpsIm-p-m-Ip ktm--a-amb ]cn-Wm-as hnp-p.

10. A\y-tZ-hm-l phn-Zy-bm-\y-Zm-lp-c-hn-Zybm CXn ip{ipa [ocmWmw tb \kvXZv hnN-N-n-tc.


m\-ns bYm kzcq]w k-t{i-jvT-amb ^ew {]Zm\w sNp-I- bm- Ip- p.-- \n- Xym-\nXy hkvXp--fpsS hnth-Ihpw W-`w-Kp-chpw hn\mi ioehpw A\n-Xyhpw Bb sFl-eu-In-Ihpw ]c-eu-In-I-hpw- B-b t`mK-h-kvXp-tfmSpw Ah-bpsS km[-\-tbmSpw D ]q hnh-cnbpw kwb-a-]q-amb ]hn{X Pohn-Xhpw GI-am{X kn-Zm-\--L-\-amb ]q {_-Nn-- bn AJ--amb eo\-Xbpw Cu bYm m\-ns A\p-jvTm\w sImp {]m]vX-am-Ip-. bYm m\-ns Cu ktm--a-amb ^ew m\m-`n-am-\-n cX-cm-b-bmsXmcp tkzm-Nm-cn-Ip Zp-Xn-cq-]-amb ^ew-In-ptm AXn\npw Fm- -c - nepw hn`n- -a m-b n-c n- pw. CXphn[w ktm-a ^e-Zm- b-I-amb I-- fpsS kzcq]w--I-n I-mhns A`n-am-\m-`m-hhpw cmKtZzj-fp-tSbpw A`n-em-j--fp-tSbpw A`m-hhpw AXp-t]mse kzw hm-{ia ]cn-n-Xn-I-\p-k-c-Wambn `KhXvtkhm-`m-h-n am{Xw {i-tbm-Sp-tk-h-\-hp-am-Ip-p. Ah-bpsS A\p-jTm-\w-sImp kakvX ZpKp-W-fpw v Zpcm-Nm-cm-fpw \ntjw \in-p-Ibpw lj-tim-ImZn kakvX hnIm-c--fn \npw cln-X-\mbn km[- I arXypam-b- kw-km-c-n\npw IS-p-t]m-hp-Ibpw sNp-p. kIm-a-`m-h-tm-Sp-IqSn \S--s-Sp I-p e`np ]p\--cq- ]-amb ^e-t-m bYm Itk- h-\-n-\p {]Xn-^ew {ijvThpw at\m-l- c-hp- am-Ip-. kw_- w- -ap-I-fn ]d Xc-n-ep m\hpw I-hpw--c-n-sbpw XXz-sf Hnp \mbn {Klnp--Xp-sIm-p ^e--fmWv C\n ]d-bp--X.v

hm ss\jvIy) XXzw {Kln-m-Xp ImcWw a\pjy Xs-s m\n-bmbpw {]]-- n-\p-] -cnbmbpw Icp-Xp-p. Ah X-sf-s ]m]- ]p-Wy--fn \ntm-jn-I-sf-tmse CjvSm-\p-k-c-W-am-bp Im-NcW- -fn hym]r-X-cmbpw I-sf `mc-cq-]-ambpw IcpXn Dt]-n- p-Ibpw Ae-k-X, \n{Z apX-emb {]tZ-i--fn Zp-`-amb kzw am\-h-Po-hn-X-nse Aaq-ey-k-a-bs \jvS-s-Sp-n--f-bp-Ibpw sNp-p. Cu cp-hn-[-amb A\--fn\npw c-s]-Sp-Xn-\p GtIm-]mbw I-ntbpw m\-ntbpw cl-kys Hcp-t]mse a\-n-emn Ahsb bYmtbmKyw A\p-jvTn-p-I-bm-bn-cp-p. bmsXm-cp- Cu cn-sbpw XXz-sf Htc kabw \mbn a\-n-em-ppthm Ah Xs hm-{i-a-ttbm ]cn-X- n-Xn-\p-cq-]-amb imkv{X-hn-lnX I--tftbm XyPn-p-n- . ]Icw Ah-bn Im-hns A`n-am-\-tmSpw cmK-tZzjmZn ^em-`n-em-jc-ln-X-\m-bnpw Ahsb bYm-tbmKyw BN-cn-p-p. CXp-sImv Ahs Pohn-X-bm{X kpJambn \S-p-p. Cu `mh-tm-Sp-IqSn Im- \p-jTm\w \Sv p--Xns ]cn-W-X-^-e -ambn Ahs Ax-I -cWw kIe ZpKp-W--fn\npw hnIm-c--fn\npw clnX-am-bnv AXyw \n-e-am-bn-o-cp-Ibpw `K-hXv Ir]bm Ah arXyp-ab kwkm-c-n\npw kzm`m-hn-Iambn IS-p-t]m-hp-Ibpw sNpp Fv a{fn ]dn-p-v. Cu I-km-[-\-tbm-Sp-IqSn hnthI sshcmKy-k---ambn \nc-cw {_-hn-Nmc cq]-amb m\m`ymkw A\p-jvTnp IgnbpXn-\m {io]-cta-iz-cs bYm mt\m-Zbw Dm-Ip-Ibpw AXn-thKw ]c-{_-]-c-ta-iz-cs kmm-Xvm-c-ap-m-hp-Ibpw sNp-p.

11. hnZym NmhnZymw N bkvXZv thtZm-`bw kl Ahn-Zybm arXypw Xozm hnZy-bm-a r-X-a-iv\p-tX.
I- n- t bpw AI- n- t bpw bYm clkyw {Kln-p--Xn henb henb _pn-am-mpt]mepw sXp-]-n-bn-cn-pp (KoX 416). Cu ImcWw sImp-Xs I-c-l-ky- n A\-`n--m-cm-bp m\m-`n-am-\n-I Is {_-m-\-np _m[I-ambn IW-m-p-p. Xqew X-fpsS hm-{i-tamNn-X-amb Ah-iy-I-hy-sf XyPn-p-p. Fm C{]-Im-c-ap XymKw-s Imv Ahp XymK-ns bYm-^ew I- _---fn\npw tamN\w e`np-n (KoX 18-8). CXp-hn[w m\-ns (A-Im-

kw_w C\n-bp ASp aqp a{--fn-embn Akw-`q-Xn-bp-tSbpw kw`q-Xn-bp-tSbpw XXz--sf-n ]d-bpp. Cu {]I-c-W-n Akw-`q-Xn-i- _vZ-ns Aw ]q-cq-]-n k-bn-m-Xv Fm-bn-cn-pw. Cs\-bp hn\m-i-kz-`m-h-tm- Sp-Iq-Snb tZh-I, ]nXr-, a\p-jy apX-em-b-h-bpsS tbm\nIfpw Ah-tbm-S-\p-_-np t`mK-km-a-{Kn-Ifpw BIp-p. a{- n Akw-`q-XnbpsS m\v ""hn\mi'' F hmp-]-tbm-Kn-p-p. kw`q-Xn-i-_vZ-n\v Cs\ A-I-ev]\ sNp-p. bmsXm-ns k kq-am-bn-cn-p-pthm AXv kq-P-K-ns D-n, nXn, kwlmcw Ch sNbvXp-sIm-n-cn- p Ahn-\m-in- bmb ]c-{_- -]p-cp-tjm-a (KoX 76; 7) FmIp-p.

12. Aw Xa: {]hn-in tbkw`q-Xnap-]m-ktX XtXm `qb Ch Xtam b D kw`qXymw cXmx


bmsXm-cp- hn\mi kz`m-htm-Sp-Iq-Snb kv{Xo, ]p{X, [\w, am\w, Ion, A[n-Imcw apX-embn Cu temI-n-sbpw ]c-tem-I-n-sbpw t`mK-km-a-{Kn-I-fn

37

I Bk--\m-bnv Ah-sb-s kpJ-tl-Xp--fmbn IcpXp-pthm AXp- t]mse Ahsb Bn-p- -Xn\pw tkhnp--Xn\pw apgp- h ka- bhpw hn\n-tbm-Kn-p-pthm Cu t`mK-hkXp--fpsS {]m]vXnpw kwc--W-n\pw A`n- v hr-npw thn tZh-X-Itfbpw ]nXr--tfbpw a\p-jytcbpw D]m-kn-p-pthm Ah kzbw P\\ acW N{I-fn ]Xn-n-cn-p-Xp ImcWw A`m-h-{K-kXhpw imcov cnI ZrjvSn-bn hn\m-i-I-c-hp-amb Ah-n-bn-em-bn-cn-pIbpw sNp-p. Chsb D]m-kn-p t`mKm-k--cmb a\p-jy Xmm--fpsS D]m-k\m ^e-ambn hn`n tZh-IfpsS temI-n hn`n--t`m-Ktbm\nIsf {]m]n-p-p. CXp-Xs Ah-cpsS Am-\-cq-]-am-Ipp; tLmcm-- Imc-n-te-p {]th-i-\-am-Ipp (KoX 720, 23). cm-a-Xmbn bmsXm-cp- imkv{X-Xm- cy- - tfbpw `K-hms Znhy-Kp-W- -tfbpw `mh--tfbpw XXz--tfbpw Ah-bpsS cl-ky--tfbpw {Kln-mbvI aqew `K-h `P\w sNm-sXbpw t`mKm-k-n-I-fn apgp-Inbpw IgnbpXpIm-cWw temI-tk-h-\-nepw imkv{X-hn-ln-X- fmb tZthm-]m-k-\-bnepw {]hr--cm-bn-cn-p-p. C-s\bp hnj-bm-k--cmb a\p-jy Ir{Xn-a-ambn Xsf Cuiz-tcm-]m-k-I-cmbn hniz-kn-nv kcf lrZ-b-cmb P\-sf-smv Xsf ]qPn-n-p-p. Ah anYym-`n-am-\m tZh-Isf Xp-amn ]d-bp-Ibpw imkv{Xm-\p-km-cap Ah-iy-I-hy--fmb tZh-]q-P, Kpcp-]qP apX-embh X-f psS hmKv Pme- -f m abn Ah-c psS lrZbfn tZthm-]m-k\ apX-em-b-hsb-n shdppw hntZz-jhpw krjvSn-p-Ibpw sNp-p. C-s\-bp--h Xsf-s Cuiz-c-Xp-ey-ambn ImWp-Ibpw ap--h-scsmv AXv AwKo-I-cn-n-p-Ibpw sNbvXv Xn-jvS-{]Imcw Zpcm-Nm-c- -fn apgpIn PohnXw \bn-p-p. Cs\ Zw`n-I-fmb a\p-jy X-fpsS ZpjvI--fpsS Xn^ew A\p-`-hn-p--Xn\p _m[y--cm-bnv IqIc iqI-cmZn-I-fmb \oN-tbm-\n-I-fnepw cuc-h-Ipw- `o-]m-ImZn tLmc-\c-I--fnepw sNv Ahn-Sps {Iqc-bm-X-\-Isfmw A\p`- hn-t--Xmbn hcp- p. hn\mi kz`m-hn-I-fmb tZh-X-Isf D]m- kn-p- -hsc At]-nv Chp in AXyw tLmc kz`m-htm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-Xm-bn-cnpw (KoX 16-18, 19). kw_w imkv{X-ns bYm Xmcyw icnp a\-n-emn kw`q-Xn-bp-tSbpw Akw-`q-Xn-bp-tSbpw D]mk\ \S-p--Xn-\m ktm--a-amb ]cn-Wmaw knnpp Fv ASp--Xn hn-p-p.

b-tm-Sp-IqSn \nXyhpw \nc-- chpw Bbn B Znhy- \m-ahpw cq]hpw [mahpw AXp-t]mse {]mIrX KpW- c-ln- Xhpw ZnhyKp-W- a-bhpw Bb kn-Zm-\ kzcq-]s kvacn-p-Ibpw {ihn-p-Ibpw Io\w sNp-Ibpw sNp-I. C{]-Imcw bYm-n-ep D]m-k-\sImv D]m-k-I\v AXn-th-Kn Ahn-\m-in-bmb ]c-{_ ]pcp-tjm--as\ {]m]np-hm km[n-pp (KoX 934). Cuiztcm-]m-k-\-bpsS anYym-cq]w [cnp \S-p--hp e`n-p ^e-n\p hncp--ambn Cu bYm D]m-k-I\p e`n-p ^ew Ghpw t{ijvT- am-b-Xm-Ip-p. imkv{X- -fp-tSbpw {io`-Khm- tbpw Bm- \p-k-cWw ]nXr- , {_m-W, amXmhv, ]nXm-hv, BNm-cy, m\n-I XpS-n-bhp tkhm-]q-Pm-Zn-I X-fpsS I-hy-ambn Icp-X p-I. Chsb `K-hms Iev]-\bpw tkh-\hp-ambn Icp-Xp-I. Cu hn[w \njvm-a-`m-htmSp IqSn tkhm-]q-Pm-Zn-I A\p-jTn-p--h-cpsS Ax-I-cWw ip-am- bn-o-cp-Ibpw v Ahp `K-hms Ir]bpw {]k--Xbpw e`y-am-hp-Ibpw sNpw. Xqew Ah arXyp-ab kwkm-c-km-Kcw IS-pt]m-hp-Ibpw sNp-p. hn\mi ioe-cmb tZh-I XpS-nb-hsc kIm-tam-]m-k\ sNp--Xn \npw e`y-am-hp ^e-n\npw CXp kYm hncp--am-Ip-p. kw_w kw`q-Xn-bp-tSbpw Akw-`q-Xn-bp-tSbpw XXzsf Hmbn {Kln- p--Xp- sIm- p ^ew C\n kv]jvTam-p-p.

14. kw`qXnw N hn\miw N bkvXZv thtZm-`bw kl hn\m-ti\ arXypw Xozm kw`q-Xym-arX-a-iv\p-tX.


bmsXmcp a\p-jy, ]c-{_--]p-cp-tjm--a \nXy\pw Ahn-\m-inbpw k-hym-]nbpw k-i-n-am\pw km[m- chpw km-[n-]-Xnbpw km-mhpw k-t{i-jT\pw v \nXy \np-W\pw ({]m-Ir-X-Kp-W-c-ln-X) \nXy kKp-W\pw (kz-cq-] -`qX Znhy-I -eym-W -Kp-W -K -W -h n-` q-j n-X ) BIpp Fp a\-n-em-p-p-thm, AtXm-Sp-IqSn tZhI, ]nXr-, a\p-jy XpSn F{Xtbm tbm\n-Ifpw t`mK hkvXp-fpw Dtm Ah- sbmw hn\m-i-kz-`m-h-tmSp-Iq-Sn-bXpw W-`w-Kp-cfpw BsWpw P\-\a-cW kz`m-h-tmSp IqSn-b-Xp-Im-cWw AXn-ZpxJ Imc-W--fmIpp Fp {Kln-p-p-thm, Ah-bn \nlnXambn-cp km-kv^qnbpw in- bp- samw `K-h- --am-sWpw At-l-ns PK--{I-ns kpNm-cp-cq-]-tmSp IqSnb Ne-\-n\p thn `K-hXv {]oXn-p-thn Ahsb bYmm-\--fn bYm-tbmKyw `K-hms hmp-Ifm-Ip imkv{Xw Bm-]n-n-cn-p-p-thm, B a\p-jy sFlnI-]-c-eu-InI tZh-]n-X- cmZn temIfnse t`mK-kp-J--fmk- - c m- I msX B {K- l - fpw aa- X - I fpw lrZ- b n\npw \njvm-k\w sNbvXp bYm-tbmKyw imkv{Xhn-[n-{]- Imcw tkhm-]q- P-I \S-p-p. CXp ImcWw Ah-

13. A\y-tZ-hmlp: kw`-hm-Z-\y-Zm-lp-c-kw-`-hmXv CXn ip{ipa [ocmWmw tb \kvXZv hnN-N-n-tc.


]c-{_ ]pcp-tjm--a-` -K-hms\ k-i- n-a m, k-, km-[m-cw, k-a-b, AJne PK-nsbpw krjvSn-n-Xn-kw-lm-cIm-hv, \nXy, Ahn\min Fn-s\ a\-n-em-p-Ibpw t{]a-]q-amb lrZ-

38

I cpsS Pohn-X-bm{X kpJ-]qw \S-p-Ibpw B`y--c--

Cu kqcy-a- WU-e-nseX]vX-c- ivan- I-sfbpw AXns D{Kv fmb hnIm-c- \inv Ax-I-cWw ip-am-hp-Ibpw `K- c-i va n-I-s fbpw Xn-tev Bhm-l n-s m-X p- n-bm-e pw. hIr-]-sImv Ah kzm`m-hn-I-ambn arXyp-ab kwkm- Cs\ Ahn-Sps Znhy kzcq-]-ns {]Xy--Zi\w c-km-K-cs IS-p-t]m-hp-Ibpw sNp-p. hn\m-i-kz-`m- \I- tW. Ctm Rm A- bpsS Ir]m- Xn-tc-Iw-sImv hn-Ifmb tZh-Xm-Zn-Ip \njvm-tam-]m-k-\-tbm-Sp-Iq- A-bpsS kucy am[p-cy-\n-[nbpw Znhy-]ca Ieym-WSn-bp Ahn-\m-in-bmb ]cm-Xv]-c-{]-`p-hns D]m-k-\- hp-amb kn-Zm-\ kzcq-]s [ym\- Zr- jSn- bnqSn Zinv sImv Ah AXn-thKw Aa-c-kz-cq-]-\mb PK-Zo-iz-cs\ p-sIm-n-cn-pp; _pn-bn IqSn {Kln-p-sIm-n-cn-p{]Xy-- ambn {]m]n-p-p. p. Imc-Ww, Av ]ca ]pcp-j\pw Cu kqcy-sbpw kw_w ]c-ta-iz-cs\ D]m-kn-p--hv Ah-cpsS AJne {_m-WvU-n-tbpw Bm-hm-Ip-p. Fs Ay-I m-e -n ]c-ta-i zc {]m]vX n- mbn Fs\ Bmhpw CXp-X-s- bm-Ipp; AXm-bXv Rm\pw AXp-Xs. {]mn--W-sav C\n ]d-bp-p.

15. lnc-Wva-tb\ ]mt{XW kXy-kym-]n -lnXw apJw XXzw ]qj--]m-hrWp kXy-[mb ZrjvS-t b.
`-m Cs\ {]mn-Ww: Atbm `K-hm-t\,
Ahn-Spv AJne {_m-WvU-n- tbpw kwc-- I-\m-Ipp. A-b n\npw Fmw ]pjvS n {]m]n- p- p. kXyhpw [hpw A-tbm-Sp `n-bm-hp-p. Rm CXn apgp-In--gn-bp-p. AXm-bXv Fs ]pjvSn Fs at\m-c-Y-]qn, Ahn-Spp sNbvXp-sIm-n-cn-p--Xm-Ipp. kn-Zm-\ kzcq] {]Im-i-a-b-amb kqcy-a-WU-e-nv \p-Xpeyw ann-n-f-n-sm-n-cn-p tPymXnab bh\n-Ibm Ahn-Sps apJw Bhr-X-am-bn-cn-p-p. Rm Ahn-Sps Bh-c-W-c-ln-X-\mbn Zin-m-\m-{K-ln-p-p. AXm-bXv A-bpsS kn- [m- \-n hv Asb \ncmh-c-W-\mbn Zi\w \S-p--Xn\p XS---fm-bn-p kIe Bh-c-W--tfbpw F\n-p-thn amn--tc-W-ta. A-bpsS kn- Zm-\ kzcq-]s {]I-S-am- n--tc-W-ta.

kw_w [ym\-am-nqSn `K-hms kzcq-]Zi\w \S-n-bnv km[-I `K-hms kmm kn[m-\ n Fp--X n-\p-thn shsIm-p-Ibpw icocw XyPn-p kabw qe-kq-va-i-co-c--fpsS hnL-S-\-sb-n Nnn-p-sImp `K-hm-t\m-Sp-IqSn {]mnp-Ibpw sNp-p.

17. hmbp-c-\n-e-a-ar-X-a-tYZw `kvamw icocw Hmw {ItXm kvac IrXw kvac {ItXm kvac IrXw kvac.
]c-a-[m-a-n-te-p bm{Xn-I\mb km[-I Xs {]mtW-{n-b - -s fbpw ico-c -s bpw Xn\npw kYm `n-am-bn--cpXn Ah-sbmw AXm-XpIfpsS D]mZm-\-X-Xz--fn-tev Ft-p-ambn hne-bn-n-p--Xn\pw qe-kq-va-i-co-cs ]q-ambpw hnL-S n-n-p-Xn\pw B{K-ln-p-p. AXp-sImv Cs\ ]d-bm-dpv; {]mWmZn ka-jvSn-hmbp BZn-bn ebn--s, qe-i-cocw In Nm-em-I-s. ]ns Ah Xs Bcm-[y-tZ-h-Xbmb ]c- {_-- ]p-cp-tjm--a- \mb `K-hm-t\mSp {]mn- pp. Atbm b-a-b\mb alm hnjvtWm, kn-Zm-\ hnm-\-kz-cq-]-\mb ]c-ta-iz-cm, Ahn-Spv kzw P\amb Ftbpw Fs I--tf-bpw-]n Nnn-t-W-ta. Av kzm`m-hn-Iambn Ftbpw Fm Dm--s-np `n-kz-cq-]-Im-cy--tfbpw kvacn-t-W-ta. `K-hm-t\, Av Ftbpw Fs I--tfbpw kvacn-t-W-ta. Ay-Im-en Rm A-bpsS kvarXn-tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bncn-p-sa-n Xo-bmbpw AXn-thKw F\nv A-bpsS kn-[m-\-n Fp-hm Ign-bpw. kw_w Cs\ Xs Bcm-[-\m-aqn-bmb ]c{_ ]pcp-tjm--a-\mb `K-hm-t\mSp {]mn-nv km[I ]c-a-[m-a-n-tep t]mIp kabw B am-nep An-tZ-h-t\mSp {]mn-p-p.

16. ]pj-t-Itj ba kqcy {]mPm-]Xy hyql civao kaql tXtPm bt cq]w Ieym-W-Xaw Xt ]iyman tbmkmhku ]pcpjx tkmla-k van.
`K-hm-t\, Ahn-Spv Ahn-Sps kzm`m-hn-Iamb Ir]sImp `-m-cpsS `n-km-[-\--fn XpjvSn {]Zm\w sNbvXp Ahsc t]mjn-n-p--h-\m-Ip- p. Ahn-Spp kakvX m\n-I-fnepw A{K-KWy\pw ]ca m\-kz-cq]\pw kzw `-mp Xs kzcq-]-ns bYmm\w {]Zm\w sNp- -hcpw BIpp (KoX 10-11). AhnSpv AJn-e-tbpw bYm-tbmKyw krjvSn- v, \nb{n-v, kwc- np sImn-cn-p--h-\m-Ip-p. `-m-cp-tSbpw m\n-I-fp-tSbpw ]c-a-amb eyw Ahn-Sp-m-Ip-p. Ahn-t-b-\m-bn-cp-npw Xs `-hm--ey-kz-`mhw tlXp-hmbn `n-am-nqSn `-mv Ahn-Sp-pXs shfn-s- Sp- n-sm-Sp- p- sIm-n-cn- p- p. Ahn- Spv {]Pm-]-Xn-Ip hfsc {]nb-s--h\m-Ip-p. tl {]t`m, -

18. AKvt\ \b kp]Ym cmtb Akvam hnizm\n tZh hbp-\m\n hnZzm bptbm-[y-k va-p-lp-cm-W -tat\m `qbnjvTmw tX \a Dnw hnt[m.

39

Atbm AKv\n-`-K-hm-t\, Rm\n-tm Fs ]c-a-{]`p-hmb `K-hms kn-[m-\- n-se-n-tn-cn-p- p. Fm-m-ehpw Cu `K-hXv kn-[n-bn hkn-p-hm B{K-ln-p-p. Av AXn-thKw Xs Fs ]c-a-kp-chpw awK-ea-b-hp-amb D-cm-b\ am-nqSn `Khms ]c-a-[m-a-n Fn-m-epw. Av Fs Isf Adn- bp-- h-\m- Ip-p. Rm Bbp-jvmew apgp-h `K-h`-n-bn Ign-p-Iq-Sn. `K-hms Ir]-bm Cu ka-bpw [ym\-t\-{X-m B Znhy-kz-cq-]s Zinp-I bpw B ]hn-{X-\ maw D-c n-p-Ibpw sNp- p. Fmepw Cu am-n Fs-nepw hnLv\-fmb I- Ft-Xm-bn--h-ti-jn-p-p-s-n Ap Ir]-tbmsS \in-n-t-W-ta.

CXn ]d-bsSp-p. -

]Xn-t\-gv, ]Xn-s\v a{- Ay-Im-e-Kp-W-n\v D]I-cn-p--Xm-Ip-p. Cu a{-a-\p-k-cnv Ay-Im-ep {]m\ \S-p a\p-jyp apn-bp-m-hpw. AXn\m Ch-bpsS `mhmw Hp-IqSn sImSp-p-p. 17. tl ]c-am-m-th, Fs Cu C{n- bw, {]mW XpS-nb AXm-Xp-I-fpsS Imc-W--X- Xz--fn eo\-ambnocp-Ibpw Fs qe-i-cocw `kva-am-bn-o-cp-Ibpw sN-s. CXp kw_-nv Fs a\-n Aev]-am-{X-amb Bk-nt]mepw Dm- I- cp-tX. tl b- a-b-\mb hnjvtWm, Ap Zb-hp-mbn Ftbpw Fs I--tfbpw kvacn-tW. Ahn-Sps kvacn-p--Xn-\m Rm\pw Fs Ifpw ]hn-{X-am-bn-o-cpw. Rm \n-b-ambpw AhnSps ]mZ-tkh sNm Fn-t-cpw. 18. tl An-kz-cq-]-\mb ]c-ta-iz-cm, Ahn-Spv Fs [\am-Ipp k-kz-am-Ip-p. AXx Ahn-Sps {]m]n-m\mbn Ahn-Spv Fs D- a-amfn kzw Nc-Wk-ao]w Fn--tW. Fs F{X-sb{X ip`m-ip-I- M-fpv; Ahbvv Ahn-Sps ad-bvm-\m-hn; Ahn-Spv Fm-a-dn-bp--h\m-Ipp; Rm Cu I--fpsS _en Ahn-Sps {]m]n-m Ign-bp--h-\-. kzbw Zbhp-tXmn Ahn-Spv Fs Ahn-Sp-t-Xm-t-W-ta. AhnSps {]m]vXn-mbn bmsXmcp ]m]w {]Xn-_--am-bn-cnptm AXns\ Ahn-Sps AIp-Xn-\mbn Rm hopw hopw Ahn-Sps \a-kv-cn-p-p.

imn- ] mTw
Hmw ]q-aZx ]q-anZw ]qmXv ]q-ap- Z-NytX ]qky ]q-am-Zmb ]q-ta-hm-h -i n-jy-t X. Hmw imnx imnx Hmw imnx
CXns hymJym\w BZyw sImSp-n-p--Xm-Ip-p.

{in- pI: CXnse ]Xn- \pw ]Xn-\mdpw a{- IqSpX {iml--fm-sWp alm-]-WUn-X-m ]d-n-pv v. Fm-hcpw `K-h-i-\-n-\mbn {]mn-Ww Fv

ItTm-]-\n-jv
Hmw imnx imnx imnx

D]-\n-j-p--fn hfsc {]kn-n-tb-dn-b-XmWv ITnt\m- ]-\n- j- v. CXv IrjvW-b-Ppth- Z-ns IT- im-J- bpsS A`m-K-am-Ip-p. CXn \Nn-tI-X-n-tbpw ba-tbpw kwhm-Z-cq-]-n ]c-am- m-hns cl-ky-a-bX-X zs hfsc D]-tbm-K-{]-Z-ambpw hni-Z-ambpw hn-n-cn-p-p. CXn c- ym-b-fpw Hmtcm Aym-b-nepw apqp hn-I- fp-a p-v .

imn- ] mTw
Hmw kl \mh-h-Xp. kl \u `q\-p. kl hocyw Ic-hm-h-ssl. tXPkzn \mh-[o-X-a-kvXp. am hnZzn-jm-l-ssh.

Atbm ]c- am-m- th, Av R Kpcp- in-jy- mv Fm {]Im-c-n-ep-ap c sN-tW. R cp-t]tcbpw Ahn-Spp kap-Nn-X-amb coXn-bn ]cn-]m-e\w sNt-W-ta. R cp-t]cpw A-bn\npw IqsSqsS Fm {]Im- c--fnepw _ew {]m]n-t-W-ta. R cp-t]cpw IqSn Ay-b\w \S-p hnZy tXPx-]qam- bn-o- c-tW. Hcn-epw Bcn\npw hnZy-bn R ]cm-Pn-X-cmbnocm-sX-bn-cn-t-W-ta. R- cp-t]cpw PohnXw apgp-h ]c-kv]cw kvt\l-kq-{X--fm _nX-cm-bn-cn-t-W-ta. R-fpS Dn Hcn-epw ]c-kv]c-

40

I tZzjw Dm-Im-Xn-cn-t-W-ta. tl ]c-am-! {Xn]m-Zp \nhrn Dm--tW.

]nXmhv F-s\-bp tKm-sf-bmWp Zn- W-bmbn sImSp-p-Xv? Ctm Chbvp I\np shw IpSnp- - Xn-\p intbm ]pp Nhp Xnp- - Xn\p ]pItfm C-sm. Ch-bpsS kvX\--fn ]mens Awiw{Km-cw- `n ]c-am-m-hns\ kvacn-p-Xv AXy t]mepw Ah-ti-jn-n-n--tm. Fn-\n-[nIw ]d-bp-p. Chw awK-f-I-c-am-Ip-p. AXn-\m ChnsS k {]Y-a-ambn bpsS C{n-b - t]mepw \nt-j vS - a m-b n-c n- p- p. Chbvv K`-[m-c-W-ti-jn-t]mepw Hp-an--sm. sImmw, HmwIm-tcm-m-c-W-tm-Sp-IqSn D]-\n-j-m-cw-`np-p. C{]-Imcw \nc-Ihpw ac-W-tm-S-Sp-n-cn-p--Xp-amb bmsXm-cp- Imew `mc- X-hj-ns ]hn- {Xm- Imiw btKm Ahsb sImp-t]m-Ip {_m-W-cpsS hoSp-I[q-a--fmepw Ah-bpsS ]hn-{X-ku-c-`y-mepw ]cn-]qfn ZpxJ- a-msX asp kw`m-h\ sNpw? \app kzam-bn-cp-pthm XymK-aqn-Ifmb Ejn-ap-\n-am-cm ]mSambn kpJw e`n-p-Xpw em`-Ic-am-bXpw {]nb-s-Xpw s thZ-a-{--fpsS Znhy-[z-\n-Ifm Fm Znp-Ifpw Bb hkvXp-sf thWw Zm\w sNp-hm. AXp-t]mse apJ-cn- X-am- bn-cp-pthm B Ime- p-mb {]kn-- amb Hcp Zm\w Bp \I-s-Sp-pthm Ahpw em`hpw KpWCXn-lm-k-am-Wn-Xv. KuXa hwio-b-\mb hmP-{i-hm-- P-aI-chpw {]nb-s--Xp-am-bn-cn--Ww. ZpxJ-Zm-bnbpw D]-tbmljn Acp-Ws ]p{X As-n A-Zm-\w-sImp K-iq-\y-hp-amb hkvXp- Zm\w sNp-Xv Zm\-ns alm-Ion km-Zn (hm-P--A-w. {ih-- A-Xns Zm\t]cn \S--s-Sp h-\-bm-Ip-p. AXp kzoI-cn-pm km-Zn bi-) aljn-bmb Acp-Ws ]p{Xv -h-tcbpw hn-p-I-bmWp sNp- -Xv. C{]-Im-c-ap \mb Dm-eI aljn ^em-`n-em-j-tm-Sp-IqSn "hnizPvXv' Zm\w-sImv ZmXm-hn\p kpJw teiwt]m-ep-an-m \oNFp-t]-cp Hcp alm-bw \S-n. Cu b-n tbm-\n-Ifpw \c-ImZn temI--fp-a-msX asmpw e`n-pXs k-kzhpw At-l-n\p Zm\w sNt--Xmbn n-. ]nXmhv Cu Zm\w-sImv Fp-kpJw km-Znpw? hp. AXn-\m Dm-eI Xs k kpw EXznCh k-kz-Zm-\-cq-]n-bmb bw \S-n-bnpw D]-Imp-Ipw kZ-kypw Zn-W-bmbn \evIn. Dm-e-I\ c-{]-Z--fmb tKmsf F\n-p-thn kqn-n-cn-p-p. \Nn-tI-Xv F t]cn {]kn--\mb Hcp ]p{X-\p-m-bnAXv XnIpw sXp-X-s- bm-W-sm. Rm\m-Wsm At-lcp-p. ns k-kz-hpw. Fs Zm\-am-bn--tlw sImSp-p2. Xwl Ipamcw kw Zn-Wmkp an-. Fm Rm At-l-ns ]p{X-\m-W.v AXp-sIm\ob-am-\ pkp p-Xs Rm ]nXm-hns\ Cu A\n-jvS-Im-cn-bmb ]cn{imhnth-i. tkma\y-X . Wm-a-n\npw cn-p--Xn\p kzbw _en-bn-pw. Fs ISa CXp-X- s- bm-Ip-p. B Imep {][m-\-[-\-ambn IW-m-n-bn-cp-Xp tKm[-\am-bn-cp-p. Dm-e-I\v AXp [mcm-f-ap-m-bn-cp-p. 4. k tlmhmN ]nXcw XX Ikvssa amw tlmXm- hv, A[z- cyp, {_m- hv, DZvKm- Xmhv Ch \mepw {][m\ Zmky-k o-Xn. EXzn-p-I-fm-bn-cp-p. Chv Ghpw IqSp-X tKmsf ZznXobw XrXobw Xw tlmhmN arXyth Zn- W-bmbn \I-W-sa--Xm-bn-cpp As Xocp-amXzm ZZm-ao-Xn. \w. {]im-kvXm, {]Xn-{]- -Xm, {_-Wm-w- kn, {]kvtXmXm C{]-Imcw \n-bn-p-sImv Ah ]nXm-hn-t\mSp Cu \mev A{]-[m\ EXzn-p-Iv {][m-\n-Ip sImSp-Xns ]Ip-Xn-ho-Xhpw Am-hm-I, t\jvSm, Ao-[vd, ]dp ""]nXmth! Rm\t A-bpsS [\w, Av {]Xn-lm Cu \mev A{]-[m-\n-Iv apJy-mp- Fs Bp sImSp-pp?'' ]nXmhv bmsXmcp adp-]sIm-Sp-- Xns aqn- sempw {Kmh-kvXp-X, t\Xm, tlmXm, Snbpw ]d-n-. Atm \Nn-tI-X-v, hopw ]dp kp{_-Wy Cu \mev A{]-[m-\-mv apJy-mp ""]nXm- th, Fs Bp-sIm- Sp- pp?'' ]n#m- Xhv Cu {]mhsImSp--Xns \men-semp hoXhpw tKmsf Zn- W- iyhpw au\-am-bn-cp--tX-bp-q. ]s A[- `o-cphpw bmbn sImSp--Ww. \nb-a-{]-Imcw Chsmw ZnW ]p{X-[w Fs--dn-n-cp--h-\p-amb \Nn-tI-X-n\v \evIp- - Xn\p tKmsf sImp-h--tm _me- \mb \Nn- Hpw kln- m Ign- n- . Ah aqmw-h -hpw tI-Xv Ahsb Ip. Ah-bpsS Zb-\o-b-amb \ne I- tNmZnp ""]nXmth! Av Fs Bp-sIm-Sp-pp?'' tms Ahs lrZ-b-n `nbpw BkvXn-Iy- Cu {]mhiyw aljn t{Im[m-hn-jvS-\mbn ]dp ""\ns arXyp-hn\p sImSp-pw.'' `m-hhpw Dm-bn. Ah Nnn-p-hm XpS-n.

Aymbw Hv

3. ]otXm-ZIm PKv[-XrWm ZpKv[-tZmlm \ncn-{nbm: A\m \ma tX temIm-kvXm k KXn XmZ-Z-X v.

1. Hmw Di l ssh hmP-{i-hkx k-th-Zkw ZZu Xky l \Nn-tIXm \ma ]p{X Bk.

41

I kw_w CXp-tIv \Nn-tI-Xv am\-kn-I-ambn Nnnp-hm XpSn

5. _lq-\m-taan {]Ytam _lq-\m-taan a[y-ax Inw kznZy-aky Ihyw b-amZy Icn-jy-Xn.


]p{X-mcpw injymcpw aqn-\-ns-Spp; Da, a[y-a, A[- a. bmsXm- cp- Kpcp-hn-ttbm ]nXmhn- ttbm at\m-cYw Adnv Ah-cpsS \ntiw IqSmsX Xs Ah-cpsS at\m-cYw km[n-p-sIm-Sp-p- pthm Ah Da h- ns- S p- p. B e`n- Xn\ptijw {]hn-p--h a[y-a-h-nepw Adnnpw \nt- in- npw {]hn- p- hm Xm-dn-m-- h A[-a-h-n-epw-s]-Sp-p. Rm hf-sc-b-[nIw injymcp- -X n {]Y-a-t{i-Wn-bns-Spp; AtX-c o-Xn-b n {]hn- p-p. hf-s c-b-[nIw injy-m a[y-hnsSpp; AXn{]-Im-chpw Rm BN-cn-p-h-cp-p. A[-a-h-n Rms\m-cn-epw s]Sp-n-. B e`nnv AX-\p-k-cnp Rms\m-cn-epw {]hn-m-Xn-cp-nn-. ]ns ]nXmhv C{]-Imcw Ftm-Sp-]-d-bp-hm Imc-Wsav? Hcp hnh-chpw Inp-n-. arXyp-tZ-h\v Cv Fs Zm\w sNbvXv, Fp {]tbm-P\w Dm-p-hm-\mWv ]nXmhm-{K-ln-p-Xv?

t Bh-iy-an-. Av timIs XyPnv A-bpsS kXys ]men-p- -Xn\v A\p- h-Zn-m- epw. ]p{Xs hmpI tI-tm Dm-e- I\v AXyw ZpxJ-ap-m- bn. Fm \Nn-tI-X-ns kXy-]-cm-b-WX Iv Atlw Ahs\ ba-cm-Ps ASp--te-bv-b-p. ba-k-Z-\-n-se-n-bXn\p-ti-jta \Nn-tI-X- n\v ba Fhn-tStbm t]mbn-cn-pI-bm-sWp a\-n-em-bp-q. AXn-\m aqp- Zn-hkw hsc \Nn-tI-Xv Ahpw Pehpw Ign-msX ba-cm-Pm-hns\ {]Xo-n- n-cp-p. ba-cm-P aS-n-h-tm At-lns ]Xv\n ]dp

7. sshizm\c: {]hn-i-Xy-Xn-Yn {_mtWm Krlm XsskyXmw imnw Iphn lc sshh-kz-tXm-Z-Iw.

kmm An-X-stbm Fp tXmp-amcp tXPkvkn-\m t{]mz- en-X- \mb {_m- W AXn-Yn- bpsS cq]n Krln Fgp-nbncn-p-p. km[p-lr-Z-b\mb Krl- Xs \-bvp-thn B AXn-Yn-cq-]nbmbn Ansb im- am-p--Xn\v Ah\p Pew (ALy]m-ZymZn) sImSp-p-sIm-n-cn-p-p. AXn-\m, Atbm kqcy-] p{X Av B {_mW _mes ]mZ- IgpIpXn\v AXn-thKw Pew sImph-m-epw. Fsm AXnYn XpS-bmbn aqp-Zn-hkw Asb {]Xokw_w Hcp ]t ]nXmhv t{Im[m-th-i-m ]dnp \ncm-lm-c-\m-bn--gn-bp-p. Av Ahs\ ip{iq-jnp- t]m-b- Xm-bn- cn-mw. Fs-n-ep-am-I-s. At-l-ns p-sa- n Ah im-\m-Ipw. hmp ]men-t-n-bn-cn-p-p. ChnsS ]nXmhv ]m-]n-p- -Xmbpw ImWp-p. AXp-sImv At-l s 8. Bim-{]-Xot kwKXw kq\rXmw N kmz- \-s-Sp-t-- Xm-h-iy-am-W.v C{]-Imcw Nnnv \NnCjvSm]qt ]p{X-]-iqw khm tI-Xv GIm--X-bn-en-cn-p ]nXm-hns kao-]pGXZv hrMvt ]cp-j-kym-ev]-ta-[tkm sNv At-lns timI-\n-hr-n-p-thn C{]-Im-cbkym-\-iv\ hkn {_mlvatWm Krtl. ap Bizmk hN-\- ]dp bmsXm-cp- cp- s `h-\- n AXn-Yn-{_-lva-W hni6. A\p]iy bYm ]qt {]Xn-]iy XYm-]tc tm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bn-cn-p-pthm a-_p-n-bmb B a\p-jy kky-anh aXy: ]NytX kkyAh ]q-am-bm-in-n-cn-p bmsXm-pw-Xs e`y-aman-hm-Pm-btX ]p\: Ip-n-. Hcp ]s Fs- nepw In-I-bm-sW-ns ]nXmth! \psS ]nXm-a-l-m-cmb ]q-m-cpsS BN- AXn\npw bmsXmcp KpWhpw knn- p- I -b n- . c-W- t\mn-bm-epw. A{X-t]m-se-Xs Cm- e-p Ahs hmp-Ifn\npw ku-cyhpw kXyhpw am[pap t{ijvT ]cp-j-m-cpsS {]h-\--tfbpw {in-p- cyhpw AI- p-t ]m-Ip-p. AXm-X -b Xv at\m-l camb I. Ah-cpsS Ncn-{X--fn ]pw Ctmgpw AkXyw `mjW-fn\n-p kpJ-t]mepw Ah\p e`y-am-Ip-nFXv Hcn-epw kw`-hn-n-t-bn-. Atbm-Ky-m-cmb a\p- . Ahs bPvR-Zm-\mZn CjvSI-fpw InW-dv, Ipfw, jy am{Xta Ak-Xym-N- c- W- - fn Ign-bp- p- q. Fm [- ime apXm-e-b- hbpw Ah-bpsS ^e-fpw \jvSspB A[-sImv Bpw AP-c\pw Aa-c\pw t]m-Ip-p. AXp-am-{X-a, AXn-Ynsb k- cn-m-Xn-cn-pBIp-hm Ign-bp-I-bn-. a\p-jy ac-W-kz-`m-h-tm-Sp- -Xp-sImv Ahs ]q-]p-Wy-{]m-]vX--fmb ]p{XIq-Sn-b-h-\-t{X. a\p-jy [ym\--sf-tmse Pcm-Po- mcpw tKmfpw [\hpw \in--t]m-hp-Ibpw sNp-p. ambn \in-p-Ibpw [m\y--sf-tm-se-Xs I-h-im kw_-w- -]-Xv\n-bpsS hmp-I tI-bp-SXs []p\w FSp-p-Ibpw sNp-p. cm-P AXn-thKw \Nn-tI-X-ns ASpp sNp-Ibpw kw_w Cu A\nXy Pohn-X-n-\p-thn a\p-jy ALy-]m-Zym-Zn-I-fm bYm-hn[n Ahs\ ]qPn-p-Ibpw Hcn- epw I-hy-sf XyPn- nv anYymN-cWw A\p-jvTn- sNbvXp-sImv ]d-p-Xp-S-n.

42

9. Xnkvtdm cm{Xob-Z-hm-oKrtl ta A\-iv\ {_- -Xn-Yn\-aky: \akvtX kvXp{_- kzkvXnta kvXp mXv {]Xn {Xo hcm hrWo-jz.

12. kz temI \ `bw InwN-\mkvXn \ X{Xw Xzw \ Pcbm _nt`-Xn. Dt` Xozm-i-\m-bm-]n-]mtk timIm-XntKm tamZtX kz-tem-tI.

{_-W- tZh! Ap \akvmcmZn km-c-p13. k Xzanw kzy-a-t[yjn artXym tbmKy-\mb Fs AXn-Yn-bm-Ipp. Fm km[n-p{]{_q ln Xzw {i-[m-\mb alyw. n-S-tmfw Asb k-cnp ktm- jn-n-p- - Xn\p kz-temIm AarXvXzw `P Rm\m- in- p- p. Fs t\m-p-d- hp- sImv aqp-Zn-h-k- GXZv ZznXo-tb\ hrtW htc-W. tfmfw Av A\-i-\m-\mbn Ign-tb-n-hn-cn-p-p. `Khmt\, Fs sXp-I an-pv F\nv awKfcptfkz-temIw hfsc kpJ-Ichpw bmsXmcp `b-m-SpWta. Av Hmtcm cm{Xnp ]I-c-am-bnv Fn\npw I-fn-m--Xp-am-sWp Rm\-dn-bp-p. kz-tem-I-n At-b-n-jvS-ap aqp hc- tNmZn--epw. Bcpw hrm-h- -sb {]m]n-p-n-. ay-tem-I-n kw_- w- -X-t]m-aqn-bmb {_-W- _m-es A\-i-\- A-bm Bfp-I acn-p--Xp-t]mse Bcpw acn-p-nm `oX-\m-bnv [-PvR-\mb ba-cm-P C{]Imcw ]d- , AhnsS ac-W-Im-e-th-Z-\-I-sfm-pw-X-s-bn-. ChnsS -tm Xs ]nXm-hn\v awK-f-ap-m-I- W-sa-p Bi- Pnhn-I hnipw Zml-hpw-sImv Ip--Xp-t]mse AhnsS kw`-hn-p-n. Ahn-Ss \nhm-kn-I timItbm-Sp-IqSn \Nn-tI-Xv ]d-p sf XcWw sNbvXp \nXy ku`mKyw A\p-`hnpp. 10. im-k-ev]x kpa\m bYm kym Fm B kzw AKv\n-hn-PvRm\w t\SmsX e`n-pZzoX-a-\ypKu-X tam am`n-a rtXym n-. Atbm arXyp-tZ-h, Av B kzns km[\m-`q-X-amb AKv\nsb bYm-cq-]-n Adn-bp-p. XzXv{]-krjvSw am`n-h-tZXv {]XoX F\nv B An-hn-Zy-bnepw Abnepw Aan-X-amb GX-vd-bmWmw {]Yaw hcw hrtW. hnizm-khpw `nbpw Dv. ` XXz-ns Ah-ImarXyp-tZ-h, aqp hc--fn BZy-tXp Rm tNmZn- in-bm-Ip-p-hsm. AXn-\m Av Ir]-tXmn F\nv p-p. KuXa hwio-b-\mb Fs ]nXmhv Dm-eI B An-hn-Zy-bpsS D]-tZiw \In-bm-epw. AXp {Klnt{Im[m-hn-jS-\mbn Fs A-bpsS ASp--te--bnv nv Bfp-I kz-tem-I-n hknv Aar-X-Xz-s-v Ctm Aim-\pw ZpxJn- X-\p- am-bn-on- cn- p-p. F\n- A-a-c-Xz-s--{]-]n--s. CXv Fs cm-as hc-ambn p-thn Atlw t{Im[-c-ln-X\pw im- Nn-\pw kZm A-tbmSp bmNn-p-p. kp-jvS-\p-am-bn-o-c-Ww. IqSmsX A-bpsS A\p-a-Xnkw_- w- - At ba-cm-P ]d-p e-`nv Rm Krl-n Xncn-p-sN-p-tm Atlw Fs kzw ]p{X- \mb \Nn-tI-Xv F cq]-n Xncn14. {] tX {_hoan XZp ta \nt_m[ -dnv FtmSp ]q-hXv kvt\l-tm-Sp-IqSn kwkmkzKym-anw \Nn-tIXx {]-Pm-\ cn-p-Ibpw sN-Ww. kw_- w- -b-a-cm-P ]d-p

A\--tem-Im-]XnatYm {]XnjvTmw hnn Xztahw \nlnXw Kplmbmw

11. bYm ]pc-kvXmZv `hnXm {]XoX Hume- In-cm-cp-W na-Xv {]-k rjvS : kpJw cm{Xo: ibn-Xm hoX-a\yp kvXzmw ZZr-in-hm-r-Xyp-ap-JmXv {]ap-w.
arXyp-h-Iv{X-n\np tamN\w t\Sn Krl-n aSn-sb-p \nsf ImWp-tm, Fs t{]c-W-bm \n-fpsS ]nXm-hmb Acp-W- ]p-{X Dm-e-I hfsc {]k-\m-Ip-Ibpw \nsf kzw ]p{X-\m-sWp Xncn--dn-bpIbpw ]q-h Xv kvt \ln- p-I bpw At-l - ns t{Im[hpw ZpxJhpw im- am- hp-Ibpw sNpw. \nsf e`np--Xp-sImp taen Atlw kpJ-ambn \n{Z-sN-pw. kw_- w- -Cu hcw e`n--tm \Nn-tI-Xv ]d-p,tl ba-cmP!

Atbm \Nn-tI-Xt Rm B kz-ns km[\m-cq-]n-bmb AKv\n-hn-Zysb \-Xp-t]mse Adn-bp-p. AXns\ AXns bYmcq]-n \n\-p-]-tZ-in-X- cpp. \o CXns\ \mbn {Kln-p-sIm-p-I. Cu AKv\nhnZy A\-hpw hn\m-i-cln-X-tem-Is {]]n-p--Xn\pXIp-Xp-am-Ip-p. AXns kzcq]w Akm[mc-W-am-Ipp. Fm AXv AXyw Kp]vX-am-sWp \o [cn-psIm-p-I. hnZzm-m-cpsS _pn-cq-]-am-Ip Kpl-bn AXv Hfnp hkn-p-p. kw_- w- -C{Xbpw ]d-nv ba-cm-P

15. temIm-Zn-anw Xap-hmN Xkvssa bm CjvSIm bmh-Xohm bYm hm k Nm]n XXv{]-Xy-h-Z-Zy-tYm-

43

aYmky arXypx ]p\-tc-hml XpjvSx


ta{]-Imcw An-hn-Zy-bpsS almXvayhpw tKm]-\o-bXbpw ]d- -sIm-Sp-nv AKv\ntZ- h kz-tem-I-ns Imc-W-kz-cq-]-amb AKv\nhn-Zy-bp-sS- clkyw \Nn-tI-Xns\ {Kln-n-p. AKv\np Ip-\nm-W-n, BImcw F{]-Im-c-am-bn-cn--Ww, CjvSnI F{X-sbw thWw, AXp-t]mse An-bpsS Nb\w F{]-Imcw \SWw Fn-h-sbmw hfsc X-bXz-tmsS {Kln-np. XZ-\ -cw \Nn-tI-X- ns _pn-tbbpw kvarXntbbpw ]co-n-p- -Xn-\ p-thn ba-c m-P ]dp ""\n {Kln-n-S-tmfw Fs Hcp {]mhiyw tInp.'' XovW-_p-n-bmb \Nn-tI-Xv AXp-tI-n-v, Ah F{]-Imcw bYmw {Kln-n-cp-pthm AtX-{]-Imcw Xs ]d-p-tIn-p. ba-cm-P\v Ah-s Akm-[m-c-Wamb kvarXnbpw {]Xn-`bpw Iv AXyw ktm-j-ap-mbn. A\-cw ]dp:

18. {XnWm-Nn-tI-X-kv{X-b-ta-X-Zzn-ZnXzm b Ghw hnZzmw-n-\ptX \mNn-tIXw k arXyp]mim ]qcX: {]tWmZy timIm-XntKm tamZtX kz-tem-tI.

GXm-Ir-Xn-b n F-s\-bp CjvSn-I-I , F{Xsbw thWw, F{]-Imcw Ansb Nb\w sNWw Cu aqp kwK-Xn- Ifpw icnp a\-n- em-n-bn-v, bmsXmcp hnZzm aqp-hw \mNn-tI-Xm-n-hn-Zysb \njvIm-a-`m-htm-Sp-IqSn A\p-jvTm\w sNp-pthm Ansb kaml-cn-p-pthm Ah tZlm-- n\p apt-Xs arXyp]m-is XInv timI-c-ln-X-\mbn Ah-km\w kztem-I-nse B\-s A\p-`-hn-p-p.

16. Xa-{_-hoXv {]ob-amtWm almm hcw Xth-lmZy ZZman `qbx Xsshh \mav\m `hn-Xm-b-an: krmw tNam-a-t\-I-cq]mw Krlm-W.
alm-m-hmb ba-cm-P AXyw {]k--\mbn \NntI-X-n-t\mSp ]dp \n-fpsS A{]-Xn-a-amb tbmKyX Inv F\nv AXy-[nIw ktmjw tXmp-p. CXp ImcWw Hcp hcw \n Bh-iy-s-SmsX Xs Rm Xcp-p. AXv CXm-Ip-p. ""Rm \n\-p-]-tZ-inp Xn-cnp Cu An \ns t]tcm-Sp-IqSns {]kn--am-bno-c pw.'' AtXm-S p-I qSn CXpw kzoI-c n- p-s Im- p-I . \np kzw tZh-Xz-{]m-]vXn-p-th-n-bp At\-Icq-]--tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb hnhn-[-b-hn-m-\-cq-]n-bmb Cu cXv\-ame Rm Xcp-p. CXp kzoI-cn-m-epw. kw_w B An-hn-Zy-bpsS ^es ba-cm-P hn-p-sImp ]d-bp-p:

19. Gj tXKv\n\-Nn-tIXx kztKym ba-hr-WoYm ZznXo-tb\ htcW GX-aKv\nw Xsshh {]h-yn P\m-k kvXrXobw hcw \Nn-tItXm hrWo-jz.
ba-cm-P ]d-bp-p. tl \Nn-tI-Xp \o cm-as hc-n Bh-iy-s--X-\p-k-cnv B kz-{]m-]vXnp km[\m-cq-]-amb An-hn-Zysb D]-tZ-inp Xn-cn-p-p. Cp-ap-X Bfp-I \ns t]cns Cu Ansb hnfn-pw. \Nn-tI-Xt C\n aqm-as hcw Bh-iy-sp-s Im-p-I. kw_w \Nn-tI-Xv aqm-as hcw bmNn-p-p.

20. tbbw t{]tX hnNn-Inm a\ptjy kvXotXytI \mb-a-kvXoXn ssNtI GX- Zzn-Zym-a\pinjvS -kvX z-bmlw hcm-Wm-taj hc-kvX r-Xobx

Cu temI-kp-J-p-thn ]nXm-hns\ ktm-jnn- p--Xn- \p hchpw ]c-tem-I-n- \p-thn kz km[\m-cq-]-amb An-hn-m-\-h-chpw {]m]n-n-v, \Nn-tI-Xv Bm-hns bYm kzcq-]hpw AXns\ {]m]n-p-17. {XnWm-Nn-tI-X-kv{Xn-`n-tcXy knw Xn-\p D]m-bhpw {Kln-p--Xn-\p-thn ba-cm-Ps {XnI-IrXv XcXn P-arX apn ap-- h-cp-tS-Xmb c- `n-{]m-b- Ah-X-cn-n-nv {_-Pw tZh-aoUyw hnZnXzm At-l-ns A\p- `q-X-hn-Nmcw Adn- bp-hm- \m-{K- ln-p- p. AXn-\m \Nn-tI-Xv ]d-bpp: `K-h, acn a\p-jysc \nNmt amw imn-a-Xy--ta-Xn. kw_-nv Hcp henb ktlw \ne-hn-ep- v. ac-W-tijw Cu Ansb aqp {]mhiyw A\p-jvTn- p- - h Ev, Bm-hns AkvXnXzw Dsp Nnecpw Csp apbPp-v, kmaw Cu aqp-th-Z--fp-ambn _-s-nv aqpNn-ecpw hmZn-p-p. CXp kw_- n- p AbpsS A\pth-Z--fp-tSbpw XXz-c- l-ky--fn \njvIm-X-\m-bn, \njvIm`-h -m\w Acp-f n-s -b vX m-e pw. A-bpsS D]-tZ-i a-`m-h-tm-Sp-IqSn bw, Zm\w, X]w Fo aqp In\npw CXns clkyw Rm icn-bmbpw {Kln-p-tfbpw A\p-jvTn-p-sImp P\-\-a-c-W-km-K-c-n\v sIm-mw. aqp hc--fn F\n--`o-jvS-amb hcw Cu Asc IS-p-p. {_m-hn\nv D-gn krjvSn-Isf aqm-a-t-Xm-Ip-p. Adn- bp kvXh-\o-b-\mb Cu An-tZ-hs\ \-Xp-t]mse Adn-nv Ansb \njvm-a`m-h-tm-S-bp-IqSn Nb\w kw_w \Nn-tI-X-ns al-Xz-]q-amb tNmZyw sNbvXv F\np e`y-amb A\--imn bmsXm-mtWm tIv ba- cm-P Bcm Ahs\ {]iw- kn- p. Atlw Nnnp. Ejn-Ip-am-c-\m-sW-nepw henb {]Xn-`m-imen Xs. AXns\ {]m]n-p-p.

44

I Fsmw tKm]-\ob hnj-b--fmWv Adn-bp-hm-\m-{K-lnp-Xv? ]s B-XXzw AXp-]-tbm-Kn-p-hm Ign-hp-hp thWw D]-tZ-in-p-hm. A\-[n-Im-cn-Ifm-bhv B-XXzw D]tZinp-Xv AXyw lm\n-I-c-hpam-W-tm. AXn-\m BZyw ]m{X-]-co--W-ns Bhiy-apv C{]-Imcw Nnnp ba-cm-P Cu XXz-ns ITn-\X-Isf hn-p-sImv \Nn-tI-X-ns\ AXn \npw ]nn-cn-n-p-hm {ian-p-sImp ]dp

kw_w hnj-b-ns ImTn\yw Ip \Nn-tI-Xp `b-s- n-. Ah Xs \n- b-n ]g-b- Xp- t]m- se-Xs Dd-p-\n-p. Cu ]co--bn Ah hnP-bm-bn-op. Atm ba-cm-P asmcp ]co-- b psS cq]-n AbmfpsS apn hn`n---fmb {]tem-`-\- \nc-nsh-bp--Xn-s\-n Nnnp ]dp XpSn v

21. t`ssh-c{Xm]n hnNn-In-nXw ]pcm \ ln kphn-t-b-a-Wp-tcj [x A\yw hcw \Nn-tItXm hrWojz am tam]-tcm-o-cXn am krssP-\w.

23. iXm-bpjx ]p{X-]u-{Xm hrWojz _lq ]iq lkvXn-ln-c-Wym-a-izm `qtaa-l-Zm-b-X\w hrWojz kzwb N Poh ictZm bmh-Zn-kn. -

\Nn-tI-X-t, \o hfsc \njvI-f--\m-Ip-p. Cu hcw sImv Fp t\-amWp \n\-p-m-Ip-Xv? ZoL-Po-hn\Nn-tI-X-t, Cu B-XXzw AXyw kqva-hn-j- X-n-\p-X-Ip kpJ-t`mK hkvXp-sf kzoI-cn-q. \qdp b- am-Ip-p. CXp a\- n-em-pI Ffp- -ap Imcy-a- . ]p \qdp kwhvX-{k- Pohn-n-cn-p ]p{X-]u-{Xm-ZnIfStZh-Ip-t]mepw Cu hnj-b-n kt-l-ap-m-bn-cp- p henb ]cn-hm-c-s- tNm-Zn-p-sIm-q. tKm apXp. Ah-cnepw CXp hfsc hnhm-Z-hn-j-b-am-bn-cp-n-p-v, embn D]-tbm-K -{]-Z- - f mb arKtfbpw B\-I , kzw, IpXn-c-I Ch-bS-p hn]p-e-amb km{am-PyFm Ahpw CXp {Kln-p-hm km[n-n-n-. AXpt--sbpw tNmZn-q. Ch-sbmw A\p-`-hn-p--Xn\v sImp \n asmcp hcw tNmZn-p-sIm-p-I. Rm F{X Imew Pohn--Wtam A{Xbpw Imew CjvSw- t]mse aqp-hcw Xcm-sap hmp-X-n-n- - tm. AXn-\m Rm Pohn-n-cp- p-sIm-q. \np IS-m-c-\p-am-Ip-p. Fm \n Cu hc24. GX-peyw bZn a\ytk hcw n-\p-th-n, am\y-\mb Hcp IS-m-c-\n kw sNepp--Xp-t]mse Fs hnj-an-n--cp-Xv. Cu B-X-Xz-hnhrWojz hnw Nnc-Po-hnImw N jbw F\np Xncnp Xcq; CXv F\n-p-thn Dt]alm`qau \Nn-tI-XkvXz-ta[n n-q.

Imam\mw Xzm Ima`mPw Itcm-an.

kw_w \Nn-tI-Xv B-X-Xz-ns ITn-\X-I tInv Aev]w-t]mepw ]cn-{`-an-n; Ahs Dmlw ao`-hn-n-. adn-v, Ah Hp-IqSn ZrV-Xm-]qw ]dp

22. tZssh-c-{Xm]n hnNn-In-nXw Ine Xzw N artXym b khn-t-b-am hm Nmky XzmZr-Kt\ym \ et`ym \mt\ym hc-kvXpey GXky In-Xv.
tl artXym! Ap-Xs CXp ]d-p-h-tm. ]pcm-X-\Im-ep tZh-I Cu hnj-bs kw_-nv Btem-N\-I \S-n- bn-cp-spw Ahv AXp {Kln-p-hm Ign-n-spw Cu hnjbw Ffp--ap--X AXyw kqva-am-sW-pw. Atm AXp-sIm-p-Xs a\-n-emp-hm km[n-p--Xv, CXp hfsc al-Xz-ta-dnb hnj-bam-sW-m-Wv. A-s\-bp alXz ]q-amb hnjbs {Kln-n-p--Xn\v A-sb-tmse A\p-`-h-m\- ap Hcp hm-hns\ hf- scb[nIw At\z- jn-npw IpIn-p-hm F\np Ign-n-spw Ahn-Spp [cn--Ww. Ahn-Spp ]d-bpp: CXp-t]-n-nv asmp tNmZn- p-sImp-hm. Fm CXn-\p-Xp-ey-amb asmcp hcw Cs-pXs Rm hniz-kn-p-p. AXn-\m Ir]m-]qw CXv F\n- p-]-tZ-in-p-X-m-epw.

""\Nn-tI- X-t, \o {]Np-c- [\ k- v, ZoL-Po-hn-X- n\p-th-n-bp kpJ-km-a-{Kn-I, As-n a\p-jyv B-X-Xz-hn-j-bn\p ka-ambn F{X-am{Xw t`mK-- t`mKn-p-hm km[n-ptam Ah-sbmw tNmZn-p-sIm-pI. \o Cu hnim-e`a-WvU-e-ns N{I-hn-bm-bn- s Ign- p- sIm- p-I. Rm \ns kI- e-kp- J- fpw CjvSm-\p-k- cWw A\p-`-hn-p--h-\m-n-op-sIm- f-Afmw.'' C{]-Imcw ba-cm-P Xs hmIvNm-Xp-cy- m BX-Xz-ns alXzw Dbn-smpw \Nn-tI-X-ns\ hnim-e-t`mK ImWnp {]tem-`n-np-sIm-p-an-cp-p. kw_w C{X-bp-am-bnpw \Nn-tI-Xp Xs \n-bn Dd-pXs \np. Atm kz-nse ssZhn-It`mKsf-m-Wnp {]tem-`n-n-p-sImv ba-cm-P ]dp.

25. tb tb Imam Zp`m aXy-temtI km Imamw-ivO-X: {]m-bkz Cam cmam: kcYm: kXqcym \ loZrim ew`-\obm a\pssjy: B`na-Xv{]-m`n: ]cn-Nm-c-bkz \Nn-tItXm acWw am\p-{]mo:

45

\Nn- tI- X-t, Fsmw kpJ- ay-tem- I-n Zp-`--fm-bn-cn-p-pthm Ahsb Fmw \o CjvSm-\pk-cWw tNmZn-p-sIm-p-I. Cu cY--tfbpw hnhn[ Xcn-ep hmZy- -tfm-Sp-IqSn kz-nse kp-c -c -aWnItfbpw kzoI-cn-q. A-s\-bp kp-cn-Isf a\pjyn-S-bn Hcn-Spw ImWpI km[y-a-, henb henb aljn-amt]mepw Ahp-thn {]tem-`\ hi-K-cm-bnon-p- v. Ch-sbmw \n\p Rm AXn-thKw \Imw. \o Chsb kzoI-cnp aS-n-tm-Iq. Ah-scsmv \ns Bh-iy- \n-lnp Ign-p-sIm-q. Fm B-hn-Zy-sb-n am{Xw \o tNmZn--cp-Xv. kw_w ba-cm-P injy-s-ta kzm`m-hn- I-ambn Zbhp alm\p`mhn-bmb BNm-cy-\m-Ip-p. Atlw ]co- W-tm-Sp-Iq-Sn-s `bhpw ]Sn-]-Sn-bm- bp kpJ-t`mK--fpsS {]tem-`\hpw sImv, Ipn Cfn Dd-n-p-Xp-t]mse \Nn-tI-X-ns sshcm-Ky-k---amb ZrV-\n-bs hopw IqSp-X Dd-n-p. BZyw ImTn-\y- ns `bw ImWn-p. ]noSv Cu temI-nse kpJt`mK-km-a{KnIsf Hsm-m-bp-bn-m-Wn-p. Ah-km\w kztem-ItmSpw Ah-\p sshcmKyw Dm-Ip--Xn\v kzob-kp-J-t`mKfpsS Nn{Xhpw Ahs apn Dbnm-Wn-p. A\-cw ]dp: "\o Ch-sbmw B B-XXz-kw-_-n-bmb hc-n\p Xpeyw IW-m-p-p-sn Ahsb tNmZn-p-sIm-q. Fm \Nn-tI-Xv ZrV\n--b\pw kXy-hm-\p-am-bn- cp-p. Cu temI-n- tebpw ]ctem-I-n-tebpw Ghpw henb t`mK-kp-J--sf, Bm\ kpJ- ns Hcp p{Zmw-i-tm-Sp-t]mepw Xpe\w sNp-hm kmy-a-sv Ah-\-dn-bm-am-bn-cp-p. AXp-ImcWw Ah Xs \n-bs bpn-]qw kanp-sImv ]q-ssh-cm-Ky-bp--amb hmpIfn ba-cmP- t\mSp ]dp

cpsS Pohn-Xhpw Aev]-Im-e-tp am{X-ta-bp-q. Hcn Ahcpw acn-t-n-hcpw. Fn ap-hc psS - nXn Fm-bn- cnpw? AXp- Im-cWw Rm\n-sXmpw B{Kln-p-n-. A-bpsS cY-, B\, IpXn-c, ca- Wn-am, Ah-cpS \r- Fmw Ap-Xs ssIhiw shpsIm-q.

27. \ hnt\ X-Wotbm a\ptjym e]vkym-atl hn-a-{Zmva tNXv Xzm Pohn-jymtam bmh-Zo-in-jykn Xzw hc-kvXpta hc-Wobx k Gh.
a\p-jy [\w sImv Hcn-epw Xr]vX-\m-Ip-n-sv A-dn-bp-p. An-bn s\pw hndIpw CSp--XpsImv AXv Hn- s\mp in- bmbn Bfn- - p- p. A{]Imcw Xs [\-n-tbpw t`mK-n-tbpw {]m]vXnsImp t`mKm-`n-em-j-Ml Hp-IqSn hnim-e-am-bn-o-cpv p. AhnsS Xr]vXn F-s\-bp-mIpw? AhnsS cmhpw ]Iepw A]q-X-bp-tSbpw AXr-]vXn-bp-tSbpw An Pzen-p-sIm-t-bn-cn- pw. C{]-Im-c-ap ZpxJ-Zm- bn-bmb [\tbpw t`mK-tbpw _pn-bp Bpw Bh-iy-sSp-hm km[y-a-. F\nv Fs Pohn-Xm-h-iy-mbn F{X-am{Xw [\w Bh- iy- aptm A{Xbpw [\w A-bpsS Zi-\w-sImv kzbw {]m]vXam-bn-o-cpw. ]ns-bp-Xv ZoL Pohn-X-ns Imcy-am-Ip-p. AXp ac-Wm-h-bn A-bpsS Iev]\ hcp-- Xp-hsc F\np ac-Ws `b-s-tS Bh-iy-an-sm! Xm-c-W--fm ap hcw tNmZn-p-Xv DNn-X-am-sW-s-\np tXmn-bn-. AXn\m Fs {]m\ AtX B-XXz hnj-b- I-amb hcw Xs- bm-Wv. F\n-Xp ]nh-en-p-hm km[y-a-. kw_w C{]-Imcw t`mK--fpsS Xp-X-sb-n hnnp \Nn-tI-Xv Xs hc-ns al-Xz-s-n ]d-tijw AXp {]Zm\w sN-W-ta-sbv ZrV-X-tbm-Sp-IqSn A`yn-p-p

26. tizm`mhm ayky bZ--ssI-XXv kth-{n-bmWmw Pc-bn tXP: A]n khw Pohn-X-a-ev]-tah Xsshh hmlm-kvXh \rXy-Ko-tX.
Atbm km--I-\mb ba-cm-Pm-th, Av Fs apn Dbn-m-Wn kpJ-t`mK hkvXp--fpsS alna- I-sfmw tIhew W-`w-Kp-c--fm-Ip- p. \msf-hsc \ne\nptam Fp-t]mepw Rm kwi-bn-p-p. Ch-bpsS kwtbm- K-n \np-m-Ip kpJ- hmkvX-h-n kpJta A, Ah ZpxJ-a-t{X. Cu t`mKy-h-kvXp- bmsXmcp em`hpw kw`m-h\ sNp-n-. adnp a\p-jys C{n-b--fpsS tXPpw [hpw lcn-p-I-bt{X sNp-Xv. Av F\np \Ip-hm-\m-{K-ln ZoL-Po-hn-Xs A\-- Ime Pohn-X-tmSp Xpe\w sNp-tm tIhew Aev]w am{Xta BIp-p-q. {_mhp apX-emb tZh-m-

28. APo-cy-Xm-a-ar-Xm-\m-ap-t]Xy Pocy ay: Iz[x: {]Pm-\ A`n-[ym-b h-c-Xn-{]-tam-Zm \Xn-ZotL PohntX tIm cta-X.
Atbm ba-cm-Pm-th, Ap-Xs Acp-fn-s-bvXm-epw. A-sb-tmse AP-c\pw Aa-c\pw Bb alm-m-hns Zp-`hpw Atam-L-hp-amb Iqp e`n-n-v, Pcm-a-cW kz`mh- ap kv{XoI-fpsS ku-cy-nepw {IoU-I-fnepw BtamZ {]tam-Z--fnepw Bk--cmbn AXp-IfpsS t\sc GsXnepw _pn-am t\m-an-Sptam? Cu temI-n ZoLImew Pohn-p--Xn Bcv B\w ImWpw?

29. bkvan-nZw hnNn-In-n artXym bm-\z-cmtb alXn {_pln \kvXXv

46

tbmbw htcm KqV-a-\p-{]-hnjvtSm \m\yw Xkvam--Nn-tIXm hrWo-tX.


\Nn- tI- Xv ]d-bpp ""tl ba-cm-P, GsXmcp BX-X z-kw-_ -n-bmb alm-m-\-s--n, ac- Wm-\- cw Bm-hns BkvXnIyw Dtm Ctbm Fv Bfp-I kwibw {]I-Sn-n-p-p-thm, AXns\ kw_-nv \nbm-- I-ambn Atbv v A\p-` q-X-amb m\s F\nv Ir]m-]qw D]-tZ-in-p-XctW. Cu B-kw-_n-bmb hcw AXyw KqV-am-Ip-p, kXy-am-Ip-p. Fm A-bpsS injy-\mb \Nn-tI-Xv CsXm-gnp asmcp hchpw B{K- ln-p-n- .'' kw_w C{]-Imcw ]co--I \S-n--gn--tm \Nn-tI-Xv ZrV-\n-b\pw ]c-a-ssh-cm-Ky-hm\pw \n`oI\pw {_-hn-Zybvv Al-\p-am-sWp ba-cm-P\p \nb-am-bn. AXn-\m {_-hn-tZym-]-tZiw Bcw-`n-p--Xn-\papv AXns al-Xzs {]I-S-am-n-smv ba-cm-P ]dp

t-p-ambn Fm ZpxJ--fn\npw ap-\mbn A\-hpw, Ako-a-hp-amb B\-kz-cq] ]c-am-m-hns\ {]m]np-p. Fm bmsXm-cp- kmwkm-cnI kpJ-km-[\-Ifn apgp-In--gn-bp-pthm Ah Xs am\h PohnX- ns ]ca ey-a mb ]c-a m- - {]m-] vX n-c q-] -a mb bYm {]tbm-P\w t\Sp-n-. AXn-\m Ah\v BXyn-Ihpw \nXy-hp-amb B\w e`n-p-n-. Ah-\m-Is {`a-h-im kpJ-cq-]- F tXm-ep-m-p A\nXy-t`m-K- e`n-p-p. Ah hmkvX-hn ZpxJ-Zm-bnIXs Bbn- c n- p- s a- nepw Ah \nXym- \ - n\npw {`jvS-\m-bn-o-cp-p.

2. t{ib t{]b a\p-jy-ta-X kvXu kw]-coXy hnhn-\n [oc: t{itbm ln [otcm`n t{]btkm hrWotX t{]tbm atm tbmK-t-amZv hrWo-tX.
A[n-I-am-fp-Ifpw ]p\- -n hnizm-k-an-m--hcm-b-Xp-sImv Cu hnj-b--sf-n A[nIw Nnn-m-dn. Ah t`mK--fn Bk--cmbn X-fpsS tZh-Zp`-amb a\p-jy-Po-hn-X s arK-Xpeyw t`mK-kp-Jm-\p-`hfn Ah-km-\n-n-p-p. Fm Ghp ]p\-nepw ]c-tem-I-nepw hnizm-k-aptm B Nnm-ioe-cmb a\p-jy-cpsS apn t{ibx t{]bx-{]iv\w hcptm Ah Ch cn-t\-bpw-]n icnp Nnn-p-Ibpw Ch cn-t\bpw ]n {]tXyIw {Kln-p--Xn\p {ian-pIbpw sNp-p. Ch-cn t{ijvT\pw _pn-k---\p-amb-h cn-tbpw XXzs ]q-ambn a\-n-emn \oco-c-hn-th-In-bmb Ac-b--s- tmse t{]b-ns\ Dt]n-nv t{ib-ns\ kzoI-cn-p-p. Fm Aev]-_pn-bmb a\p-jy Xs hnthI in-bpsS A`mhw aqew t{ib-ns ^e-sf Ahn-iz-kn-p-Ibpw {]Xy-- ambn ImW-s-Sp euIn-I-tbm-K-t-an-\p-th-n, AXns knn-p-th-n, t{]b-ns\ kz-am-p-Ibpw e`y-amb t`mK-h-kvXp- kpc-n-X-ambn kqn-p-Ibpw A{]m]vX-am-b-hsb {]Np-c- amb am{X-bn Inp-sap hnNm-cn-pIbpw CXp-Xs tbmK-t-a-sap Icp-Xp-Ibpw sNpp. kw_w ]c-am {]m]vXn-p km[-\m-cq-]-amb t{ib-ns\ {]iw-kn-nv ba-cm-P km[m-cW a\p- jycn \npw \Nn-tI-X-n-\p hnti-j-Xsb FSp-p-Im-Wn-nv Ahs sshcm-Kys {]iw-kn-p-sImp ]d-bpp

1. A\y--tdtbm\yZp-ssXh t{]b kvtX Dt` \m\mt ]pcpjw kn\oX: Xtbm: t{ib BZ-Zm-\ky km[p `hXn lobtXmZy D t{]tbm hrWotX!!
a\p-jy-i-cocw A\y tbm\n-I-sf-tmse I-^ew A\p-`-hn-m-\m-bn-am{Xw Inn-bn-p--X-. CXp-sImp a\pjyp `mhn-bn kpJ-k-m-Z-\-n-\p km[-\-fpw A\p-jTn-p-hm km[n-p-p. thZ--fn kpJ-km-[-\v cmbn \nh-Nn-n-cn-p-p. 1. t{ib--v-A-Xm-bXp kZm- Im-ehpw Fm ZpxJ--fn\npw thZ-\-I-fn\npw c-sv \nXym-\--kz-cq-]-amb ]c-{_--]p-cp-tjm--as\ {]m]n-p--Xn-\p D]m-bw. 2. t{]b--v-A-Xm-bXv kv{Xo, ]p{X, [\w, amfnI _lp-am-\w, biv apX-embn Cu temI-n- tbpw kz-tem-I-n-t-bp-ambn F{X- am{Xw {]mIr-X-t`m-K-h-kvXp- - fptm Ahsb {]m]n-p- - Xn-\p D]m-bw. C{]-Imcw AXm-Xn-t-Xmb coXn-bn a\p-jyp kpJw Zm\w sNp--Xn\p Ign-hp Cu cp km[-\Ifpw a\p-jysc _-\--cm-p-p. Ahsc AXm-Xp-IfpsS t\tc BIjn-p-p. A[nIw Bfp-Ifpw t`mK-fn {]Xy-hpw Xmm-en-Ihp-amb kpJw Is-pp. Cu {]oXn Imc-Ww, AXns Ay-s-n NnnmsX t{]b-ns t\sc BIjn--s-Sp-p. Fm GXm\pw `mKy- hm- m `K- hXv Ir]-bm t`mK- -fpsS B]mX-c-a-Wo-b-Xbpw ]cn-Wma ZpxJ-ns cl-ky-fpw {Klnnv Ah-bn\npw hnc--cmbn t{ib-m-[-\IfpsS - t\tc BIjn--s-Sp-p. Cu cn-\-n- epw-s] a\p-jycn Bcp `K-hms Ir]m-]m-{X-ambn t{ib-ns\ X\n-pthn Xnc-s-Sp-p-p-thm, X]-c-X-tbm-Sp-IqSn AXnt- Xmb km[-\-I-fn hym]r-X-\mbn Ign-bp-pthm Ah\v Fm {]Im-c-nepw D awKfw DmIpw. Ah Fs-

3. k Xzw {]nbm {]nb-cq-]mw Imam \`n-[ym-b- -Nn-tItXmXy kvdmox ss\Xmw krMvImw hn-a-bo-a-hm]vtXm bkymw-a-n _lthm a\p-jym.
ba-cm-P ]d-bpp ""tl \Nn-tI-X-t, \ns ]con-nv \o henb _pn-am\pw hnth-Inbpw sshcm-Ky-k-

47

I --\p-am-sWp Rm \-Xp-t]mse a\-n-em-n-bn-cn-pp. kzbw henb ka\pw hnth-Inbpw Xmn-I\pw Fsms IcpXn \S-p Bfp-I t]mepw shn-n-fp k-p-I-fpsS ambm-tam-l-h-e-b-n AI-s-pt]m-Ip-p. Ah-tbbpw \o \ncm-I-cn-n-cn-p-p. Rm BIj-W-amb `mj-bn XpS-bmbn ]p{X, ]u{X, B\, IpXn-c, tKm, [w, k- v, `qan apX-embn Zpjv{]m]y-fpw tem`-\o-b--fp-amb t`mK-sf ImWnp \ns {]tem-`n-n-p. am{X-a-, kznse Znhy-t`m-K-fpw A\p]- a-kp--cn-Ifmb kzob Xcp-WnIsfsm-p Nnc-t`mK kpJ-ns {]tem-`-\hpw Dbn-m-Wn-p. Fm \o Ah-sbmw kzm`m-hn-Iambn Dt]-n-p-I-fp. AXp- Im- cWw \o Xo- bmbpw ]c-am--X-Xzs {ihnp--Xn\p XnIpw A[n-Im-cn-bm-bn-cn-p-p.''

hnZzm-m-cp-ambn kzbw Al--cn-p-Ibpw hnZy-bp-tSbpw _pn-bp-tSbpw anYym-l-m-c-m imkv{X-tbpw alm]p-c p-j-m-cpsS hN-\--tfbpw Aev]w-t]mepw hI-hbvmsX Ahsb Ah-tl-fn-p-Ibpw {]Xy kpJ-cq-] Fp tXmnb t`mK-sf A\p-`-hn-p--Xnepw D]mn-p--Xnepw \nc-cw hym]r-X-cmbn a\p-jy-Po-hnX-nse Aaq-ey-amb ka-bs hy-ambn \jvS-s-Spp-Ibpw sNbvXp-sIm-n-cn-p-p.

6. \ km-cmb: {]Xn-`mXn _mew {]am-Zyw hn-tam-tl\ aqVw Abw temtIm \mkvXn ]c CXn am\o ]p\x-]p-\-i-am-]-ZytX ta.
C{]-Imcw a\p-jy-Po- hn-X-ns al-zs Adn- pIq-Sm Al-m-cn-bmb a\p-jy {]] kpJ-t`m-K-k-p-IfpsS {]m]vXn-p-thn [\m-Zn-I-fn tamlnp Pohn-p-p. AXm-bXv t`mK--fn Bk--\m-bn. {]am-Z]qw tXmn-b-Xp-t]m-ep BN-c-W- A\p-jvTn-phm XpS-p-p. Ahs lrZ-b-n ]c-temIw tXms-Sp-n-. ac-Wm-\-- cw, X\np Xs kakvX I-fp-tSbpw ^e-a-\p-`hn-p--Xn\p hnhn-[-tbm-\n-I-fn Psa- Sp-t-- Xmbn hcp-sa-p hnNmcw Ahs a\-n DZn-p--tX-bn-. ChnsS {]Xy--n Fsmw ImWs-Sp-pthm AXp-Xs temIw Fv B _pn-lo-\ Icp-Xp-p. ChnsS F{X-am{Xw hnj-bkpJw A\p-`-hnmtam A{Xbpw _pn- bm-bn-cn-pw. CXn- \-p-dspv? ]c-tem-Is Bcp In- cn- pp? ]c- temIw Bfp-I-fpsS `mh-\-am-{Xw. Ch-sbmw am\y-am-bn--cp-Xp a\p-jy XpS-bmbn ba-cm-Ps ]nSn-bn-e-Is-Sp-Ibpw Atlw Ahs I--\p-k-cnv Ahs\ hnhn-[-tbm-\n-I-fntep Xn-hn-Sp-Ibpw sNp-p. P\-\a-cW N{In \npw Ah\p tamN-\ta e`n-p-n-. kw_w C{]-Imcw hnj-bm-kcpw {]Xy--hm-ZnIfpw Bb aqV-msc \nn--tijw B-X-Xz-n-tbpw AXns\ Adn-bp-Ibpw {Kln-p-Ibpw hn-p-Ibpw sNp--h-cp-tSbpw Zp-`-Xsb hn-p-p.

4. Zqc-tatX hn]-cotX hnjq No Ahn-Zymb bm N hntZyXn mXm hnZym-`o-]vkn\w \Nn-tI-Xkw at\y \ Xzm Imam _lthmtemep-]-.
Cu Ahn-Zy, hnZy F t]cp-I-fn {]kn--amb cp km[-\-I {]tXyIw {]tXyIw ^e-sf {]Zm\w sNp-hbpw ]c-kv]-c-hn-cp---fp-am-Ip-p. bmsXm-cp-\p t`mK--fn Bk-n-bp-m-Ip-pthm Ah\p awK-f-km[-\-I-fn ]ptcm-K-a n-p-hm km[n-p-n-. bmsXm-cp awK-f-am-nse ]Yn-I-\m-bn-o-cp-pthm Ah t`mK--fpsS t\tc ZrjvSn Dbp-n-. Ah \m\m-{]Im-c--fn-ep t`mK--tfbpw ZpxJ-Zm-b-I-fmbn ImWpIbpw Ahsb ]cn-Xy-Pn-p-Ibpw sNp-p. \Nn-tI-X-t, \o hnZy-sb-s A`n-ejn-pp Fp Rm hniz-knp-p. Fp-sIm-s-m A\---fmb kpJ-t`m-Kp \ns lrZ-b-n teiw- t]mepw {]`mhw krjvSnp-hm Ign-n-.

5. Ahn-Zym-bm-a-tc h-am\m: kzbw [ocm: ]WvUn-X--\y-am\m: Z{-ay-amWm: ]cn-bn aqVm At-ss\h \ob-am\m bYmm:
Ftm A-\mb a\p-jy\p am-Zin-bmbn As\-s e`n-ptm Atm Ah\v A`o-jvS-m-\s- p-hm Ign-bm-Xm-hp-Ibpw CSbvp ImXn hogpIbpw, app-I Xdpw Ipp-Ip- gn- I-fn hoWpw Dbp \nevp ]md-I-fnepw `nn-Ifnepw arK--fp-sS-taepw Xn-ap-nbpw \m\m-hn-[-n-ep IjvS-X- I A\p-`-hn-t- Xmbn hcn-Ibpw sNp-p. AXp-t]mse Xs B aqVmp arK--fp-tSbpw ]n-I-fp-tSbpw ]pgp-p-fp-tSbpw bmX-\m-]q-amb tbm\n- I-fn-epw, {Iqc-\-c-I--fnepw {]thinv A\--P--hsc Ah-km-\-an-m bmX-\I A\p-`-hn-t--Xmbn hcn-Ibpw Ah _pn-a m-mcpw

7. {ih-Wm-bm]n _lp-`ntbm \ e`y: irWztm]n _lthm bw \ hnZyp: Btcym hm Ipitemky e_v[m tcym mXm Ipi-em-\p-injvSx
B- X -X z- ns Zp- ` -X sb {Kln-n-p--X n\p thn ba-cm-P ]d-p--\-Nn-tI-X-kvtk, B-XXzw km[m-c-Wt]m-ep Hcp Imcy-a-. temI-n A[n-I-amfp-Ipw BXva -I-eym-W-]-c-amb Imcy--sf--n-bp N-I tIp-Xn-\p-t]mepw km[n-p-n- . {]`m-Xn DW- cp- Xp apX cm{Xn Dd-p-- Xp- sIm- n- cn- t Np-]m-Sn Ah Pohn-p-p. AXn-\m Ah-cpsS a\v

48

I Fp-bm-a--fnepw hnj-b-Nn--I-fn apgp-In--gn-bp-p.

\Nn-tI-X-ns\ {]iw-kn-p-sImp ba-cm-P hopw Ah-cpsS lrZ-b-fn B-XXzw tIp--Xn\pw ]d-bp-p. Fs {]nb-s--ht\. \ns Cu ]hn-{X-amb {Kln-p- - Xn\pw D Nn Hcn- epw DZn- p-n; AYhm _pnbpw \n- eamb \njvTbpw Ip Rm AXyw As\ Hcp k`w Dm-Ip-I-b m-s W-ns {]k- -\m-b n-c n- p- p. C{]-Im-c-ap \njvT- X - Ahp hnj-btk-h-\n\npw Hcn-epw Hgn-hp- fn\nv Hcn-epw e`y-am-Ip-hm kmy-a-. AXm-Is Inpp-an-. Nne-bm-fp-I tIp {Kln-p-Xp \-sXp `K- hXv Ir]- bm GsX-nepw alm-m- hns Iqp-sImpw IcpXn tIp-p. Fm Ahs hnj-b-{K-kX-amb Atlw apJm-n-c-am-bp XpS-bmb ]c-am-m-a-l-Xzv lrZ-bn\v AXp-hln-p-hm km[n-msX hcpp. ns hni-Z-hn-th-N\w {ihn-p--Xn-\p ku`m-KywAs-n a-_p-n-bm-b-Xp-Im-cWw AXp {Kln-m Ign- sImpw kwkn--a m-Ip-p. C{]-Im-c-ap \njvT-X -sbp-n-. bmsXm-cp- XovW-_p-n-bmbn Icp-X-s-Sp- bmWp a\p-jys\ B-m-\-n-\p-thn {]b-Xv\n-ppthm As\ D-h -c ns A-X -X zs -Xn\p t{]cn-n-p--Xv. \ns Rm C{X- b-[nIw {]tembYm-cq-]-n hn-p-hm Ign-hp alm-]p-cp- `n-n-npw kzw Xocp-am-\-n \o ZrV-ambn \np. jam hfsc hnc-f-amtb ImW-s-Sp-p-p. A-X- AXn \npw hmkvX-h-n bYm [mc-W-bn \o Xzs {]]n-nv PohnXw k^-e-am-n-bn-pXpw Htc Hcp k--\m-sWpw hy-am-bn-cn-p-p. \Nn-tI-X-t , ]pcp-j am{X-ta-bp-p. \-Xp-t]mse {Kln-v, PnhnXw \app \ns- tmse tNmZnp hmp Pnm-kp- -sfk^-e-am-n-b-hcpw PohnXm\p`hfp--hcpw, B- Zin- bm-Wm-h- iyw. I-fp-amb BNm-cy-m-cn\npw D]-tZiw e`n-n-v, AXn-\kw_w Atm ba-cm-P DZm-l-c -W -k-lnXw \p-k-c-a-ambn a\-\-\n-Zn-[ym-k-\-m XXz-ns kmm\njvIm-a-`m-hs {]iw-kn-p-sImp ]dp: Xvmcw t\Sp ]pcp-j-mcpw temI-n hfsc hnc-f10. Pm\m-aylw tih-[n-cn-Xy-\nXyw amtb D-Ip-p-p. kw_- w- C\n AXv a-P vRm-\-ns Zpe-` -X -bpsS ImcWw ]d- bp-p

\Nn-tI-Xt! I--fpsS ^e-kz-cq-]-amb Cu temIn- tebpw ]c-tem-I-n-tebpw t`mK-k-aq-l--fmbn e`yam-Ip \n[n- I, Ah F{X- am{Xw Aaq- ey- - fm-bn- cp-mepw Hcp Znhkw Ah \in- pw. AXm-bXv Ah A\n-Xy- am- Ipp {]Ir-Xn-]-cy--ap kq-a-X-Xz--tf-m Cu A- Fp- Imcyw Rm \m-b-dn-bp-p. AXp-t]mse XXzw kq-a-am-Ip-p. CXns bYm cq]w {Kln-n- A\nXy km[-\-I-fn\npw \nXy hkvXp-sf {]m]n-pp--Xn\p Ign-hp alm-msc e`n-p--Xp-hsc a\p- hm Hcn-epw kmy-a-. Cu cl-kys Adn-p-sImjyv AXn {]thi\w e`n-pI AXyw Zpjv-c-am- p-Xs Rm \Nn-tI-Xm-n-bpsS Nb-\mZn cq]-n Wv. AXv A{Xbvp Kl-\-am-W.v Aev]-PvRm\w km[m-cW Nne bmZn I-hy-I- A\nXy hkvXp- Adn-hp-Im-cWw CXn-s\-n D]-tZ-in-p-Ibpw AXn-\-\p-k- hgn-bmbn Fm A`nemj-tfmSpw Bk-n-tbmSpw clncnv hnhn-[-co-Xn-bn Nnn-p-Ibpw A`y-kn-p-Ibpw X-ambn I-_p-n-tbm-Sp-IqSn am{Xw sNbvXn-cn-p-p. sNp-IbmsWn AXns A-PvRm\ cq]-amb ]ew A\n-Xy-]-Zm--sf-smp I-hy-]m-e\ kzcq-]-Dm-Ip-n-. BXva-XXzw Aev]w-t]mepw a\-n-em-p- fmb Cuiz-c-]q-P-I sNbvXv Rm \nXy-kpJ cq]-\mb hm km[n-p-I-bn-. ap--h-cn \npw {ihn-msX ]c-am-m-hns\ {]m]n-n-cn-p-p. CXp \njvIma `mhkzbw X-hn-X-bp--amb hni-I-e-\w-sImpw Cu ns aln-a-X-s-bm-Ip-p. B-XXzw {Kln-p-hm km[n-p-I-bn-. Fm {ihnkw_w \Nn-tI- X- n Cu \njvIm- a- `mhw ]q- ambn pI Bh-iy-am-Wv. ]s CtX-kw-_-n-p- \ ]cnI-Xp-sImv Ahs\ {]iw-kn-p-sIm-p-Xp-S-cp-p. PvRm\w knn-n-p alm-m-cn\npw thWw XXz-{i11. Ima-kym]vXnw PKX: {]XnjvTmw hWw \S- p-hm. Atm X- n\pw AXo- X- amb Cu Kl-\-hn-j-b-n ]cn-m\w knn-p-p. {ItXm-c-\ -ya-` -bky ]mcw

8. \ \tc-Wm-h-tcW t{]m Gj kphn-PvtRtbm _lp[m Nny-am-\x A\-\y-t{]mt KXn-c{X \mkvXn AWo-bm lyX-ya-W p-{]-am-Wm-Xv.

\ lyp[vdpssh: {]m]ytX ln [vdphw XXv XtXm abm \mNn-tI-X-ntXmn c\n-ssXy{Zsshy: {]m]vXhm-\kvan \nXyw. -

9. ss\jm XtW aXn-cm-]-t\bm t{]mm-t\y-ss\h km-\mb t{]jvT bmw Xzam]: kXy-[r-Xn_-Xmkn XzmZrMv t\m `qbm--Nn-tIX: {]jvSm.

kvtXma-a-l-Zp-cq-Kmbw {]XnjvTmw ZrjvSzm [rXym [mtcm \Nn-tItXmXy{km-o.


\Nn-tI-X-t, \n Fm-hn-[-nepw t{ijvT\pw _pn-k--\pw \njvIm-a\pw BIp-p. Rm hc-Zm-\-

49

I ambn \ns apn hn-cn-p kzw Fm {]Im-c-n-

]qw {ihn-Ww; A\-cw AXns\ a\\w sNWw; ep- ap t`mK--fm ]cn-]qhpw PK-ns B[m-c- kz- XZ-\-cw GIm--X-bn AtX-n Nnnv _pn-bn cq-] hpw bm-Zn-i p-` -I - -fpsS A-c -l n-X -a mb nc-s- Sp-- Ww. C{]-Imcw km[\ sNbvX-Xn-\p-ta a\p^ehpw Fm ZpxJ--fn \npw `b--fn\npw cln- jyv B-kz-cq-]-{]m-]vX n-bp-m-Ip-tm AXm-bXv Xhpw kvXpXn--s-Sp-hm tbmKyhpw AXyw al-Xz- Ah Bm-hns\ XXz-tm-Sp-IqSn {Kln-p-tm B\]q-hp-am-Ip-p. thZ--fn AXns At\I hn[-n- -kz-cq-]\mb ]c-{_ ]c-am-m-hns\ {]m]n-p-p. B ep KpW-sf Km\w sNbvXn-cn-p-p. AXv A\-- B\ alm-k-ap-{Zs {]m]n-nv Ah AXn \na-Imew \ne-\np--Xm-Ip-p. \o AXns al-Xzs \m-bn-o-cp-p. tl \Nn-tI-Xt! \n\-p-thn B ]c-aicnp {Kln-n-cp-npw ss[cy-tm-Sp-IqSn AXns\ ]cn- [m-a-ns hmXn Xpd-n- n-cn-p-p. Atmp {]th-inXy-Pn-n-cn-p- p. \ns a\v AXn Aev]w- t]mepw Bk- p--Xn\nv Bpw \nsf XS-bp-hm km[y-a-. -am-bn-cp-n-. \o kzw Xocp-am-\-n ZrV-ambn \n {_ {]m]vXn-p D-am-hIm-in-bm-bn-cn-p-Ddp\np. CXp km[m-c-Wamb Hcp kwK-Xn-b. AXn- Xmbn Rm Icp-Xp-p. \m \o henb _pn-am-\pw, A\m- k- \pw B- X-Xzs kw_w ba-cm-Ps apJ-p-\npw ]c-{_-]p-cpAdn-bp--Xn\p tbmKy\pw BsWv Rm Icp-Xp-p. tjm--as aln-am-tIp-Ibpw Xm AXn-\-h- Im-in-bmkw_w C{]-Imcw \Nn-tI-X-ns \njvm-a-`m-hw- sWv Adn-bp-Ibpw sNbvX-tm \Nn-tI-X-ns a\sImv Ch ]c-am-m-hns XXz-m-\-n\v bYm- n ]c-am--X-Xz-a-dn-bm-\p Xmcyw Dev]-am-bn. amb Ah-Im-in-bm-sWp ba-cm-P \n-bn-p-p. AXn- AtXm-Sp-IqSn ba-cm-P Xs {]iw-kn-p--Xp-IqSn tI\m Ahs Ax-Ic-W-n ]c-{_--]p-cp-tjm-- tm AXyw ktm-N-tm-Sp-IqSn tNmZnp as XXz-s-n Pnmk hfp--Xn\v C\n-bp 14. A\y{X [m-Z-\y-{Xm-[m-Z-\y cp a{--fn-embn ]c-{_ ]c-am-m-hns aln-asb -{Xm-kvam-X vIr-X m-I r-XmXv hn-p-p.

12. Xw ZpZiw KqV-a-\p-{]-hnjvSw Kplm-lnXw Klz-tcjvTw ]pcmWw Aym--tbm-Km[n Kta\ tZhw aXzm [otcm lj-timIu Plm-Xn.
Cu kq PKv AXyw Zp-ahpw Kl-\hpamb Hcp h\- n\p kZr-i-am-Ip-p. Fm Cu ]c- {_ ]c-ta-iz-c ]cn-] q-\ m-I p-p. AXv Ch-bn-semw k{X {]hn-jT-am-bn-cn-p-p. AXv Fm-h-cp-tSbpw lrZv b-am-Ip Kpl-bn nXn-sN-p-p. C{]-Imcw \nXyhpw Hn-n-cp-npw Bfp-Ip kzm`m-hn-I-ambn Adn-bp-hm Ign-bp-n: Fp-sIm-s-m AXp kzw tbmK-amb-bpsS hmp-I-fn Hfn-n-cn-p-p. AXyw Kp]vXam-bn-cn-p-p. AXns Zi\w AXyw Zpe-`am-Ip-p. bmsXmcp ip-_pn k--\mb km[-I, Xs a\-nt\bpw _pn-tbbpw \nXyhpw \nc-- chpw AXns Nnbn a-am-p-pthm Ah\v B k\m-X-\-ssZ-hs {]m]np kZm-Imew lj- tim-I-c-ln-X-\m-bn-o- cm km[npw. Ahs Ax-Ic-W-n \npw lj-tim-ImZn hnImc kaqew \in-p-t]m-Ip-p.

A\y{X `qXm `hym b-Xv]-iykn XZz-Z.

\Nn-tI-Xv tNmZnp: `K-h, Av Fn {]k-\m-bn-cn-pp Fn A[ kw_- - c-ln-Xhpw ImcyIm-c-W{]-Ir-Xn-bn\npw hyXy-kvX-ambpw `qXw. ham-\w, `mhn Ch-sb-m-n\npw `nhpw Bbn Adn-n-cn-p ]c-am--X-Xzs F\n-p-]tZ-in tXcW-ta.

15. kt thZm bXv ]Z-am-a-\n X]mwkn kmWn N bZv hZn bZn-tm {_-Ncyw Ncn Xt ]Zw kw{K-tlW {_ho-taym-an-tXy-X-Xv.
ba-cm-P ChnsS ]c-{_ ]pcp-tjm--as\ ]c-a{]m]yw Fp ]d-p-sImp AXns hmN-Iamb Hmw Imcs kzcq-]-ambn D]-tZ-in-p-p. Atlw ]d-bp-p, ka-kvX-th-Z-fpw \m\m-{]-Im-c-n-ep O-p-Isfsmp bmsXm-ns\ {]Xn-]m-Zn-p-pthm kq X]w apX-emb km[-\-I-fpsS GI-am-{Xhpw ]c-a-hp-amb eyw GsXm-mtWm GXns\ {]m]n-p--Xn-\p-th-nbp C- bm km[-I \njvm-a-]qw {_-N-cys A\p- jvTn-p- pthm B ]pcp-tjm-a `K-hms ]c- a- XXzw Rm \n\p kwt-]-ambn D]-tZ-in- pp; AXm-Ipp Hmw F Cu GIm--cw.

kw_w \ma-c-ln-X-\m-sW- nepw ]c-am-mhv At\Iw t]cp-Ifm hnfn--s-Sp-p. At-l-ns Fm t]cpCu Aym hnj-b-I-amb [tm-]-tZ-is BZy- I-fnepw Hmw k-t{ijvTw Fp KWn--s-Sp-p. AXnambn A\p- `- h- m-\-ap alm- ]p-cp- j- m-cn\npw {im- \m ChnsS \ma-n-tbpw \man- bp-tSbpw At`Zs ]cn-

13. GX-rXzm k-cn-Krly aXyx {]hrly [y-a-Wp-ta-X-am]y k tamZtX tamZ\obw ln e_v[zm hnhrXw kZva \Nn-tI-Xkw at\y.

50

I K-Wnv "{]Wh's ]c-{ _ ]pcp-tjm- -a s

AXns \nXy-X-tbbpw hn-n-cn-p-p. Fp-sIm-sm\p hn-p-sImp ba-cm-P ]d-bpp m, km[-I\v Xs \nXy-X-bp-sSbpw \nn-Im-c-X-bptSbpw A\p-`hw Dm-Ip-n-tbm AXp- t]mse Xs ico16. GX-ty-hm-cw {_ GX-ty-hm cm-ZnIfmb A\y-h-kvXp--fn \npw `n-ambn Icp-Xm-cw ]cw Xn-cn-p--Xp-hsc Cu A\n-Xy-h-kvXp--tfmSp sshcm-KyGX-ty-hm-cw mXzm tbm ap- mbn Ahs Ax-I-c-W- n \nXy-X-Xz-ns A`nbZn--Xn-X-ky-XXv. emjw D-hn-p-n-. Pohm-mhp \nXy-tN-X\m m\ Cu Ahn-\m-in- bmb {]Whw HmwImcw Xs- bm-Ip-p. kzcq-]-am-Ip-p. A\n-Xyhpw hn\m-in-bp-amb PUicoc(]-c-am-m-hns kzcq-]w). {_hpw AXp-X-s- bm-Ip-p. pw t`mKpw hmkvX -h - n CXp-a mbn AXm-bXv B {_-n-tbpw ]c-{_--n-tbpw \maw bmsXmcp kw_--hp-an-spap ZrV-amb A\p-`qXn HmwIm-c-sa-p-X-s- bm- Ip- p. AXn-\m Cu XXzs {Kln- Ah-\p-m-IWw. CXv A\m-Znbpw A\--hp-am-Ip-p. nv km[-I\v CXp-hgn-bmbn cnq-Snbpw GsX-nepw bmsXmcp Imcy- Im-c-W-fpw CXn- \n-. AXn-\m CXp P\\-acW cln-Xhpw kZm GIhpw kYm \nn-Im-chpw A`o-jvS-cq-]s {]m]n-p-hm Ign-bp-p. BIp-p. ico-c-ns \miw-sImv CXn\p \miw kw`17. GX-Zm-ew-_\w t{ijvT-ta-XZm-ew-_\w ]cw hn-p-n-. CXv acn-p-sapw acn-n-p-sapw BscGX-Zm-ew-_\w mXzm {_-temtI nepw Icp-Xp--h-cp-s- n Ah hmkvX-h-n Balo-btX kz-cq-]s Adn-bp-n-. Ah kYm {`a-n Ign]c-am {]m]vXn-p-thn kzoI-cn-p ]e-co-Xn-bn- p-Iq-Sp-p. Ah ]d-bp-Xv Bcpw {in- t Bhep Bew-_-\--fn ]c-a-t{i-jThpw ]c-am-h-ew-_hpw iy-an- . bYm-n Bmhv Bscbpw sImp-p-an; v Cu HmwImcw Xs- bm-Ip-p. CX-msX ap bmsXm-c-h-ew- Bpw AXns\ sImp-hm\pw km[n-p-n-. _-\hpw C. AXm-bXp ]c-am-m-hns t{ijvT-amb \makm[-I\p icoc-n-tbpw t`mK--fp-tSbpw A\n-Xys- s icWw {]m]n- pI FXv A Xns X-tbbpw Xs Bm-hns \nXy-X-tbbpw Nnn-nv Cu {]m]vXnp ktm- -ahpw Atam-L-hp-amb km[-\-bm- A\nXy t`mK--fn-ep kpJ-ns Bi-bs XyPnIp-p. Cu cl-kys {Kln-np bmsXmcp km[-I v, kZm Xtm-Sp-IqSn hkn-p \nXy-kpJ kzcq-]-\mb `nbpw t{]ahpw CXn An-p-pthm Ah Xo- ]c-{_--]p-cp-tjm--as\ {]m]n-p--Xn\v A`n-em-j-ap-bmbpw ]c-am-m-hns\ {]m]n-p-p. h-\m- bn-o-c -Ww.

kw_w C{]-Imcw HmwIm-cs {_w, ]c-{_-w Ch cn-tbpw {]Xo-I-ambn ]d-n-v, \Nn-tI-X- ns {]iv\-n-\-\p-k-c-W-ambn ba-cm-P Bm-hns kzcq]s hn-pp:

kw_w C{]-Imcw B- X-Xz-ns h\ hgn \NntI-X-ns Ax-Ic-W-n ]c-{_--]p-cp-tjm--as XXz-s- -n- bp Pnm-k-bp- Wn- bnp ba-cm-P ]cam-m-hns kzcq-]s hn-p-p.

18. \ PmbtX {anbtX hm hn]-n mbw IpX-n _`qh InXv AtPm \nXy: imiztXmbw ]pcmtWm \ l\ytX l\y-amt\ ico-tc.
\nXy-m-\-cq-]-amb Bmhp acn-p-Itbm P\n-pItbm sNp-n-, AXp kzbw Hn \npm-btXm Hn\p Imc-Wtam A. AXm-bXv AXv Hns Imcy-Imc-W-am-Ip-n-. AXv AP-mhpw \nXyhpw kZm GI-c-kap-Xpw ]pcm-X-\-hp-am-Ip-p. AXp hrn--b-cln-X-hpam-Ip- p. ico-c- n\p \mi- ap-m-bmepw Ah\p \mi- ap-mIp-n-.

20. AtWm-cWo-bm--ltXm alo-bm \mmky Ptm\n-lntXm Kplm-bmw. Xa-{IXp: ]iyXn hoX-timtIm [mXp-{]-km-Zm lnam-\-am-\mx
CXn\p ap]p-Xs Pohmmhns ip-amb kzcq]s hn-n- p- v. Cu a{-n AXn\p "Pp' Fp t]cp sImSp-nv AXns hrm-hsb hy-am-n-bncn-p-p. AXm-bXv ]c- {_--]p-cp-tjm-- a B Pohm-mhns AXyw \nI-S-h-bmbn nXn-sN-p-s-nepw AXns t\tc Hcn- t]mepw ZrjvSn-bp-bn {inm-dn-. AXv taml--fn apgpIn Fmw adp Ign-bpp. Cu ImcWw sImp-Xs "Pp' a\p-jy-i-cocw e`nnpw IoS ]Xw-K--fmb Xp-{]m-WnIsftmse Xs Zpe-` -amb Pohn-Xw-hy-a mbn \in-np If-bp- p. bmsXmcp km[-I ]qtm--amb hnth-N-\a\pk-cnv kzbw \nXy-tN-X-\m- kz-cq]w Fp IcpXn Fm {]Im-c-nep-ap t`mKm-`n-em-j--fn \np cln-X- \mbpw timI-c-

19. lm tN-\ytX lpw lX-t-\ytX lXw D`u Xu \ hnPm-\otXm \mbw ln \ l\y-tX.


ba-cm-P ChnsS Bm-hns ip-kz-cq-]tbpw -

51

I ln-X-\mbpw Xocp-pthm Ah ]c-am Ir]-bm ]c-

Hcn-epw bmsXmcp Imc-W-h- imepw tei-am-{X-am-bn-tmepw {_ ]pcp-tjm--a AWp-hn AWphpw al-n timIw {]I-Sn-n-p-n-. CXp Xs- bmWv A-s\-bp alpw k-hym-]nbpw BsW-p ]c-{_-- a-ln-asb Bfns e-Ww. {Kln-nv kmm-Xvmcw {]m]n-p-p-shv A\p-`hn-kw_w C\n B ]c-am-m- hns\ kzw ]pcp- jmwdn-bp-p. ChnsS "[mXp {]km-ZmXv' F-Xns Aw sImv Bcpw {]m]n-p-n- . adnv AXv Bsc kzoI-cnp"]c-ta-iz-cs Ir]' Fpw "[mXp' F hmn-\w pthm Ah\p am{Xw e`n-p-p. AXn-s\-n ]d-bpp "km-[mc ]c-am-mhv' Fpw AwKo-Icn-p-p. -

21. Bkot\m Zpcw {hPXn ibmt\m bmXn khX:! IkvXw aZm-aZw tZhw aZt\ym mXp-al-Xn.
]c-{_ ]c-am-mhv ANny inbpw hncp--[m{i-bnbpw BIp-p. Htc kabw Xs At-l-n hncp [--fpsS eoe-I kw`-hn-p-tam. AXn-\m Atlw Htc ka-bv kqvam kqvahpw al-n alpw Bbn Adn-b-s-Sp-p. B ]c- ta-iz-c Xs \nXy ]ca [ma-n hncm-Pn-p-sImv `m-[n-\-\mbn `-mcpsS hnfn-tIv _lp-Zqcw k-cn-p-p. ]ca [ma-n A[n-h-kn-p ]mj-Z-`--m-cpsS ZrjvSn-bn Atlw ibn-p-sImv Fm Znp-I-fnepw k-cn-p-sIm-n-cn-pp. As-n B ]c-am-mhv kZm k{X nXnsN-p-p. Ccn-p-n-S-pw, Zqsc t]mbm Ahn-S-bpw, Dd-p-tm Ahn-sSbpw At-lw-D-v. At-l-ns k-hym-]-IX CXm-Ip-p. Atlw k{X Fm-cq-]-fnepw \nXyhpw Xt-Xmb aln-a-bnepw nXn-sN-p-p. C{]-Imcw Aeu-In-I- ]-c- ssa- iz- cy-kz-cq-]-\m-bn-cp- npw Atl-n\p Xs sFiz-cy-n teiw-t]mepw Almc-an. B ]c-ta-iz-cs\ Adn-bp--Xn-\p Ah-Imiw (B-X-Xz- - \mb ba- cm- P\p Xpeyw) F\n--msX ammWp km[n-p--Xv. kw_w C\n C{]-Im-c-ap B ]c-ta-iz-cs alnasb Adn-bn-p ]pcp-js\ Xncn-dn-bp Imcyw ]dbpp

23. \mb-amm {]h-Nt\\ et`ym \ta-[bm \ _lp\m {iptX\! bta-sshj, hrWptX tX\ e`y kvXsskyj Bm hnhr-WptX X\qw-kzmw.
Rm GsXmcp ]c-ta-iz-c-s\-n hn-p-I-gn-n-cnp-p-thm, At-l-s, imkv{X- ]Tn-nv at\m-l-c-fmb `mj-W--fn ]am--X-Xz-ns \m\m{]Im-c-fn-ep h-\-I \S-p--ht\m X-io-e-m-cmb _pn-Po-hn-Itm _pn-am-\m-sW-p Al-mc {]a-X-bn \np`q-X-amb Xw apJm-ncw hnth-Nn-nv At-ls {]m]n-p--Xn\p {ian-p--ht\m ]c-am-mhns\ kw_-np hf-sc-b-[nIw tIn-p--ht\m {]m]np-hm km[n-p--X-. bmsXm-cp-s\ Atlw kzbw kzoI-cn-p-pthm bmsXm-cp-\v At-l-s- n DS-amb A`n-\n-th-i- aptm bmsXm-cp-\v At-l-s-qSmsX Pohn-p-hm km[n-m-Xn-cn-p-pthm bmsXm-cp Xs _pn-i-n-bnepw km[-\-I-fnepw B{i-bwsh-bvmsX At-l-ns Ir]sb am{Xw {]Xo-n-psIm-n-cn-p-pthm C{]-Imcw Ir]m-\n`-c-m-cmb km[I-m-cp-sS-ta ]c-am-mhv Ir] ImWn-p-Ibpw tbmK-amb-bpsS ad amn-bnv Ahs apn kz-cq]w {]I-S-amn-m-Wn-p-Ibpw sNp-p. kw_w C\n ]c-am {]m]vXn Bp-m-Ipp Fp ]d-bpp

hymJym\w bmsXm- cp- Zpcm-N-c-W- - fn hnc- -\mbn Ahsb ]cn-Xy-Pn-p-n-tbm bmsXm-cp-s a\v ]cam-m-hns\ Dt]-nv Zn\-cm-{X--fn t`mK-kp-J--fn Pohn-I-fpsS icocw A\n-Xyhpw hn\mi kz`m-h-tm- Ae-p-Xn-cn-bp-pthm ]c-am-m-hn hnizm-k-an-msX Sp-Iq-Sn-bXpw BIp-p. AXn\v {]Xn-Ww ]cn-h\w bmsXm- cp- kZm Aim--\mbn Pohn-p-pthm bmsXmkw`-hn-p-sIm-n-cn-pw. AXn-semw ka-`m-h-tm-Sp-IqSn cp-s a\-,v _pn, C{n-b- Ch \nb-{W hnt[nXn-sN-p ]c- {_- - ]p- cp- tjm--a Cu ico- c- -fm b-am-bn- cn-p-n- tbm A-s\-bp a\p- jy kqva- _pkhYm cln-X\pw Ai-co-c\pw BIp-p. Cu ImcWw n-tbm-S p-IqSn B-h n-N mcw sNbvX p-s Im- n-c p-m sImp- Xs Atlw \nXy\pw AN- e-\p- am- Ip- p. {]mIrX t]mepw ]c-am-m-hns\ {]m]n-p-hm km[n-p-n-. tZi-Ime KpWm-ZnIfm A]-cn-n--\mb B alm\pw Fp-sIm-s-m Ah ]c-am-m-hns Ako-a-amb k-hym-]nbpw Fm-n-tbpw B kzcq-]-hp-amb ]c- BZ-c-hn\p ]m{X-am-bn-o-cp-n; AXns\ Ah-tl-fn-pta-iz- cs\ Adn-- Xn- \p- tijw m\n- bmb alm-]p-cp- j sImp Pohn-p-p. AXn-\m Ah ]c-am-m-hns

22. Ai-cocw ico-tcjp A\-h tjzh- nXw almw hn`p-am-m\w aXzm [otcm \ timN-Xn.

24. \mhn-ctXm Zp-cn-Xm mimtm \mk-am-lnX: \mim am\tkm hm]n {]m-t\-s s\-\-am- ]v\p-b mXv

52

I Ir]n-bv-h-Im-in-bmbnocp-n-.

kw_w ]c-{_ ]c-ta-iz-cs XXz-sf {ihn-npw _pn-bp- ]- tbm-Knp a\\w sNbvXnpw a\p-jy\v AXp {Klnba-cm-P ChnsS Pohm-m-hn-tbpw ]c-am-m-hn-tp-hm Fp-sImp km[n-p-n? AtX-kw- _-np bpw. \nXy-kw-_-s ]cn-N-bs-Sp-n-smp ]dbpp {_-th-m--fmb alm-m-\n-Ifpw bm-Zn]d-bpp aw-K-f-I- A\p-jvTn-p BkvXn-I-a-lm-P-\-fpw 25. bky {_ N {Xw N Fm-hcpw Htc kzc- n ]d-bp-p. ""Cu a\p-jy-i-cocw Dt` `hX HmZ\: hfsc Zp-`-amb Hm- W.v ]q-P-mn- X-amb At\Iw arXypb- tkym-]-tk-N\w ]pWy-I- \nan--ambn ]c-a-Ir-]m-ep-hmb ]c-ammhp Ir]m-]-c-hi-\mbn Pohn-Iv Ah-bpsS awK- f-kI Cm thZ b{X k. m- Z-\-n-\mbn Cu t{ijvT-amb ico-cs {]Zm\w sNpa\p-j y-i -c o-c --f n [-k z-`m-h -ap {_m-W Ibpw ]ns Cu Pohm-m-hn-t\m-sSm-p-Xs kzbw tbpw [-c- m-kz-`m-h-ap {Xn-b-tbpw ico-c- AXns Xs lrZ-bm- `m- Kv ]c- {_--ns \nhm]c- am-m-hns {]m]vXn-p-thn AXy-[nIw Daw Fp k-cq-]-amb t{ijvT-m-\v A-cym-an-bmbn {]Xn-jTnv Icp-Xp-p. Fm Ahbpw B Ime-kz-cq-]-\mb ]c-ta- X-am-bn-cn-p-I-bpw, sN-pp. am{X-a-, Ah cpw AhnsS iz-c\p t`mP-\-am-bn-o-cp-p. ]ns ap km[m-cW a\p- Htm-sSm-nv kXys ]m\w sNp-p. ip`-Ijy-i-co-c--fpsS IY Fm-bn-cnpw? Fm-n-t\bpw m-h-iy-amb kXv ^es A\p-`-hn-p-Ibpw sNpkwl-cn-p arXyp-tZ-ht]mepw B ]c-ta-iz-cs t`mP- p. Xo-bmbpw cn-tbpw A\p-`-h--fn hep-Xmb \-tm-Sp-IqSn tN-s-Sp Nv\nbpw ]--dn-Ifpw Acw Dv. (]-c-am-mhv Akw-Khpw At`m-mhpw t]mse-bm-Ip-p. Cs\ {_mW {Xn-bmZn kakvX BIp-p.) Hmtcm Pohn-bp-tSbpw lrZ-bn hkn-pPohn-I-fp-tSbpw kzbw arXyp-hn-tbpw kwlm-c-I\pw sImv AXns ip`-I--fpsS ^ew A\p-`-hn-p-Xv B{i-b-Zm-Xmhpw Bb ]c-ta-iz-cs\ GsX-nepw a\p-jy\v AP-m-hm-bn-cp-npw Pw kzoI-cn-p--Xp-t]m-se-bp Cu A\nXy a\-v, _pn, C{n-b hgn-bmbn AXy- At-l-ns eoem-hn-emkw am{X-am-Ip-p. AXn-\m t-b-h-kvXp--tf-tmse Fs\ Xncn-dn-bp-hm Ign- Atlw Bkz-Zn-p-p-s- nepw hmkvX- hn Bkzbp-p. AJn-etbpw Adn-bp--hs\ Xncn-dn-bp--Xn- Zn-p-n-. As-n, Hp-IqSn ]d-m ]c-am-mhp \p kmayw Bpv? AXm-bXv (]qtm--amb kXys ]m\w sNn-p-p. ip`-I--fpsS ^ew 23-mw a{-a-\p-k-cn-v) ]c-am-mhv Bsc Xs Ir]m-]m-{X- A\p-`-hn-n-p-p. Pohm-mhp ]m\w sNp-p. Fm amn kzX-X z- {Kln-n- p-hm-\ m-{K-l n-p- pthm ^e-t`mK ka-bp Pohm-mhv Ak-MK-am-bn-cn-p-n-. v Ah\p am{Xta At-ls Adn-bp-hm km[n-p-I-bp- AXv Al-m-c- tm-Sp-IqSn kpJs D]-t`mKw sNp-p. q. GsX- nepw kzw in-s Imv At-l s C{]-Imcw Hn-n-cp-n- p-IqSn Pohm-mhpw ]c-am-mhpw bYm-cq-]-n lrZn--am-p-hm km[y-a; Fp- shbnepw \ng-epw-t]mse ]c-kv]cw `n-am-bn-cn-p-p. sIm-s-m Atlw euIn-IPvtRb hkvXp--sf- Pohm-mhp \ngt]mse Aev] {]Im-i-tm-Sp-Iq-Sn- bXpw tmse _pnbp]tbm-Knp Xncn--dn-bp--Xn Fp-s]- Aev]-hpw BIp-p. ]c-am-mhp shbnt]mse Sp- -Xm-bn-cn-p-n-. ]q-{]-Im-i-bp-hpw k-bpw BIp-p. \ng-en kw_w cmw `mK-n Pohm-m-hn-tbpw ]c-am- ImWp Aev]-{]-Imiw F{]-Imcw ]q-{]- Im-i- cq-]- amb Xvam-hn-tbpw kzcq-]-sf {]tXyIw {]tXyIw hn-p- shbn-en-t-Xm-bn-cn-p-pthm AXp-t]mse Pohm-m-hn Ibpw AXp {Kln-np {_s {]m]n-p--Xp-sImp \ne-\np Aev]-m\w t]mepw ]c-am-m-hn-tXp kn-am-Ip ^e-s-n ]d-bp-Ibpw sNbvXn-cn-p-p. Xs-bm-Ip-p. Npcp--n bmsXm-cp-s\ ]c-am-mhp kzoI-cn-ppthm Ah\p am{Xta At-ls Adn-bp-hm Ign-bpp-q. Fm ]c-am-m-hns\ {]m]n-p- -Xn-\p km[\-Isf AXn kv]jvS-ambn hnh-cn-n-n-. AXn-\m km[\-Isf hni-Zo-Icn-p--Xn-\p-thn aqmw `mKw Bcw-`np-sImv ba-cm-P BZy a{-n Pohm-m-hn-tbpw ]c-am-m-hn-tbpw \nXy-kw-_-hpw \nhm-k-m-\hpw ]d- n-cn-p- p. Cu clkyw {Kln-n-v, a\p-jy X-fp-tS-Xmb inbn Hcp {]Im-c-nepw Al--cn-msX A-cym-ao-cq-]n kZm X-fpsS lrZ-b-- fn \nh-kn-p- p. ]cam-ob ]ca Ir]m-ep-hmb ]c-am-m-hns\ \nXyhpw \nc- chpw Nnn-p-sImp Ign-b-Ww. kw_w ]c-am-m-hns\ {Kln-p--Xn\pw {]m]n-p-Xn-\p ktm--a-amb km[\ ""At-ls {Klnp--Xn\pw {]m]n-p--Xn-\p-ap in {]Zm\w sNtWta'' Fv At-ltmSp {]mn-pI am{X-am-Ip-p. Cu kwKXn ba-cm-P kzbw {]mn-p-sImp hyam-p-p.

Ombm-X]u {_-hntZm hZn ]m-tbm tb N {XnWm-Nn-tIXmx

1. EXw ]n_u kpIr-Xky temtI Kplmw {]hnjvSu ]cta ]cmt

53

2. bx tkXp-co-Pm-\m-\m-a-cw {_ bXv ]cw A`bw XnXojXmw ]mcw \mNn-tIXw itI-a-ln.


ba-cm-P ]d-bp-p. ""Atbm ]c-am-m-th, Rv \njvm-a-`m-h-tm-Sp-IqSn bm-Zn-ip` I- \S-p-Xn-\p hn[n-I \mbn {Kln-p--Xn\pw A- bpsS Bm- ]m- e-\mw Ahsb A\p- jvTnv A-bpsS {]kX {]m]n-p--Xn\pw AXn{]-Imcw bmsXmp kwkmc-km-Kc-ns A-sc-sb-p--Xn\v Cm-ep-hmb hnc-]p- cp-j-mp thn-bp \n`-b-]- Z-am-Ip-pthm B ]c-ahpw Ahn-\m-in-bp-amb Am-Ip ]c-{_--]p-cp-tjm-a-`-K- hms\ Adn-bp--Xn\pw {]m]n-p--Xn\pw tbmKyam-Ip--Xn-\p Ignhpw kmayhpw Zm\w sN-tW.'' Cu a{- n ba-cm-P ]c-am-m-hn-t\mSv Atls {]m]n-p--Xn-\p in {]Zm\w sNp--Xn-\pth-n, ]c-{_ ]pcp-tjm--as\ Adn-bp--Xn\pw {]m]np--Xn-\p-ap Ghpw D-ahpw kc-f-hp-amb km[-\bvp-thn At-l-tmSp {]mn-p-I-bm-W.v kw_w C\n B ]c-{_--]p-cp-tjm--as ]c-a-[m-an GsXmw ]c-a-km-[-Im-k---mp {]th-in-phm Ignbpw? Cu Imcyw cYhpw cYnbpw F cq]Iw hgn-bmbn hy-am-pp

]c-am-m-hns [ma-n Fn-t-cWw Fp \ntihpw \In-bn-cn-p-p.

Pohm-mhv C{]- Imcw sNp- I- bm- sW-n AXn-io{Lw ]c-am-m-hn- Fn-t-cpw. Fm AXp kzw ]cam-\--a-b-`K-h-X{]m]vXn kzcq-]-amb Cu eys tamlv h-i m ad-p-t]m-Ip-p. AXp _pn-p t{]cW \np--Xp-Im-cWw _pn-cq-]n-bm-Ip kmcYn A{i-\m-bn-o-cp-p. AXp a\-m-Ip ISn-m-Wns\ C{nb-am-Ip ZpjvSm-iz--fpsS Cm-\p-k-cWw hnp-sIm-Sp-pp. X]-cn-Wmaw Pohm-mhp hnj-b{]-h-W-amb C{nb--fpsS A[o-\-am-bn-v, kwkmc N{I-n hogn-p euIn-I-i- _vZ-k]imZn hnj-b-kp-J--fn Ae-bp-hm v XpS-p-p. AXm-bXv `K-hXv {]m]vXn-p-thn D]-I-cn-s- tS ico- cw, a\-v, C{nbw Ch-bpsS kl-I-c-W-tmSp-IqsS hnj-bhn-j-fpsS D]-t`m-K--fn apgp-In--gnbp-p. kw_w ]c-am-m-hn--tebvp t]mImsX AXns C{n-b- euInI hnj-b--fn-tev Fp-sImp Xncnbpp Fp--Xns\ hnh-cn-pp

cYs Aiz-Xs \bn-p-p. Fm B IpXn-c-Isf Ftm-smw \bn-Ww? AsXmw ISnm ]nSn-n-cn-p _pn-am-\mb kmc-Yn-bpsS tPmenbm-Ip-p. C{n-b-cq-]n-Ifpw Icp--mcpw Zp[j-m-cp4. C{n-bmWn lbm-\m-lphn-jbmw amb IpXn-c-I kzm`m-hn- I-am-bn-s B]m-X-c-a-Wo- b-kvtXjp tKmN-cm fmb hnj-b-fm \nd-b-s kwkm-ccq-]-am-Ip ]Bt-{n-b-a-t\m-bpw t`mt-Xym ph-\-ns t\sc IpXn-p-]m-bp-hm CjvS-s-Sp-p. -l pa-\o-j nW: Fm _pn-bm-Ip kmcYn a\-m-Ip ISn-m Pohm-mhv ]c-am-m-hn \npw ths]-n-cn-p-p. in-bmbn hen-nv B IpXn-c-Isf Xs \nb-{- W-nA\--Im-e-ambn AXv A\-h-cXw kwkm-c-cq-]am-Ip \-[o-\m-p-I-bm-sW-n ]noSp IpXn-c-Ip a\-mtLmc-h-\n Anp kpJs At\z-jnv Ae- Ip ISn- m- Wns klm-b-tm- Sp- IqSn Nnn- msX Hcp p-Xn-cn-bp-p. kpJ-sap IcpXn FhnsS sNp-pthm `mK-tbvp t]mIp-hm km[n-p-n-. a\ C{n-b-Ahn-sS-sbmw h]n coXn-bn hn--s-Sp-p. ]ca fp-ambn kl-I-cn-p-tm am{Xta AXn\v hnj-b-kp-J-{KkpJ-kz-cq-]-\mb ]c-am-m-hns kao]w Ah-s\-m-n- l- W- n\v km[n- -bpp; CXv Fm-hpw Adn-bm-hp S-tmfw Imew kpJhpw imnbpw Hcn-epw e`y-am-Ip- kwK-Xn-bm-W.v ISn-m-Wns klmbw e`n-p Znnn- . Cu Zb-\o-bm-h Ip Zbm-a-b-\mb ]c-am-mhv tebvp IpXnc ]mp- sIm-n-cn-p-p. Fm Cu ISnAh\p am\-h-i-coc cq]-am-Ip kp-chpw k-km-[\m m icnp \nb-{np sImn-cn-t-Xv kmc-Ynk--hp-amb cYw sImSp- n- cn-p-p. C{nb cq]n-I-fmb bpsS XovW_p-nsb B{i-bn-n-cn-p-p. _pn-cq-]ni-m-cmb Aiz- -tfbpw sImSp-n-cn-p-p. Ahs bm-Ip kmcYn hnth-I-bp--ambn kzman-bpsS Bma\-m-Ip kmc-Yn-bpsS ssIhiw Gev]n-p-sIm-Sp-p- \p-hn-bmbn eyn-tebvp nchpw Dd-p-Xpw Ibpw Pohm-m-hns\ B cY-n {]Xn-jTnv AXns m\ k-hpw C{n-b-cq-]n-bm-Ip IpXn-c-Isf \bnv kzman-bm-n-bnv \nc-cw _pn-bpsS t{]c-Wb\pk-cnp p--Xn ka-\p-am-bn-cn-p-n-s-n \nm-sX, ]c-am- m- hn--te-m- \-bn-p `K-hms \maw, cq]w, eoe, ISn-m-Wns klm-b-tm-Sq-IpSn cYs apgp-h\pw [maw apX-em-b-h-bpsS Io-\-{i-hWw a\\w apX-embn AXns kzm[o-\ - n-e m- p-I bpw kmc-Y n-b pssS {]i-kXhpw kl-P-hp-amb am--fnqSn k-cnp cYs HmsI hen- p- sIm-p-t]mbn AKm-[- amb Kv

3. Bm\w cYn\w hnn icocw cY-tah Xp _pnw Xp kmcYnw hnn a\x {]{K-l-tah N.

5. bkvXz-hn-m-\hm `h-X y-bp-t\ a\km kZm Xtky-{n-bm-Wy-h -iym\n ZpjvSmizm Ch kmctY:

54

I n-tebvp ]Xn-n-p-Ibpw sNp-p. _pn-bpsS \nb{-W - n \nm C{n-b - (A-{i- -\ mb kmcYntbbpw ZpjvSmw-i--tfbpw t]mse) D-tcm-cw AtX- {]-Imcw Xs Drw- J-eambn s]mbvsm-n-cn-pw. -

8. bkvXp hnm-\-hm `hXn ka-\kvI: kZm ipNn: k Xp XXv]-Z-am-]vt\mXn bkvamZv `qtbm \ Pmb-tX.

kw_w C\n kzbw {im-ep-hmbn Xs _pnsb CXn\p hn]-co-X-ambn Bdm- as a{-a-\p- k-cnv kzbw hnth-I-io-e-tm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-Xm-p--Xp-sIm-p {]tbm-P- {im-ep-hmbn Xs _pnsb \nc-cw hnth-Ikz`mh\s hnh-cn-pp tm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-Xm-nbpw Xzmcm a\-ns\ \nb-{np ]hn{X `mh-n nc-s-Sp-nbpw C{n-b- amw 6. bkvXp hnm-\-hm `hXn `K-hms B-b-\p-k-cnv ]hn-{X- I-sf \njvmbpt\ a\km kZm a-` m-h -t m-S p-I qSn BN-c npw AXp-t]mse `K-h m\v Xtky-{n-bmWn hiym\n kZizm AWw sN-s t`mKsf; cmK-tZz-j-cln-X-ambn Ch kmctYx \njvm-a-`m-h-tm-Sp-IqSn ico-c-c-\n-l-W-n-\ mbn bmsXmcp Pohm-mhv Xs _pnsb hnth-I-k--- am{Xw D]-t`mKw sNbvXp-sImpw Ign-bp-pthm Ah am- p- pthm bmsXm- ns _p n Xs e y- `K-hms ]c-a-[m-as {]m]n-p-p. ]no-sSm-cn-epw ns AXyw {i-tbm-Sp-IqSn \nXyhpw \nc-- c- Ahn-sS-\npw Xncnp t]mtc--Xmbpw hcp-n-. hp-amb ss\]p-Wy-tm-Sp-IqSn C{n-b-sf kmkw_w Fm-as a{- n ]d-b-s Imcy-sf nqSn \bn- p--Xn\p a\- ns\ _m[y- - am-n- smhopw Hp-IqSn kv]jvS-hp-am-n-smp cY-ns n-cn-p-pthm AXns a\pw ey-ns cq]Iw D]-kw-l-cn-p-p. tI{o-I-cn-n-cn-p-Ibpw Xzmcm AXns C{n-b \n-bm-- Iamb _pn--[o-\-ambn `K-h-w-_-n-bmb 9. hnm-\-km-c-YnbkvXp a\:-{]-{Khnj-b-tk- h-\-- fn, t{ijvTmiz- {im-ep-hmb kmcl-hm \cx Yn-bpsS \nb-{-W-n AXns \nnjvT am-tkm[z\: ]mc-am-]vt\mXn XZzn-jvtWm:fnqSn \bn- p--Xp-t]m-se-Xs kwe--am-bn-o]-caw ]Zw. cp-p. XrXob a{w apX H]Xmw a{w hsc Ggp-a-{kw_w Am-as a{-a-\p-k-cnv Hcp-s -fn-embn cY-ns cq]-I-n Cu Imcyw hy-am_pnbpw a\pw hnth-Ihpw kwb-a-hpw-Iq-Sm-sX-bm-Ip- n-b n-c n- p- p. Cu AXn-Zp-` -a mb a\p-j y-i -c ocw tm AXns Ah Fm-Ipp AXns\ hnh-cn- bmsXmcp Pohm-m-hn\p ]c-am-m-hns Ir]-bm e`yp-p. amtbm AXns\ AXn-thKw Poh-mn `L-hXv {]m]vXnbpsS am-nqSn \bn--Ww. icocw A\n-Xy-am-Ip7. bkvXz-hn- m-\-hm `h-Xy-a-\kvIx p. \nan-jw-tXmdpw AXp bn-p-sIm-n-cn-p- p. kzw kZm-ipNn: Pohn-X-nse Cu Aaqey ka-bs arK--sf-tmse \ k XXv]-Z-am-]-t\mXn kwkmcw tIhew kmwkm-cnI t`mK- A\p- `-hn- p--Xn- \p-thn Nm[n-K--Xn. \in-n--s-Sp-I-bm-sW-n ]noSp XpS-bmbn P\\ bmsXm-cp-s _pn kZm hnth-I-n\npw acW cq]-amb kwkm-c-N-{I-n AI-sp Id-p-I-hym-I-hy--fpsS m\-n\npw cln- Xn\p _my- -am-bn-o-cp-p. GsXmcp al-mb ImcyXhpw a\-ns\ \nb-{n-p--Xn Ak-a-hp-am-bn-cn- kn-n-p-thn Cu Zp-`-amb a\p-jy-i-cocw e`yam-bnp-pthm bmsXm-cp-s a\v \n{K- l-c- ln- X-hpw Akw- cn-p-pthm AXp ]q-am-bn-cn-p-n-. AXm-bXv a\pb-X-hpw, hnNmc ZpjnXfp-am-bn-cn-p-Ibpw AXp- jyp `K-hXv Ir]-bm e`y-am-bn-cn-p hnth-I-it]m-se-Xs C{n-b- \nc-cw Zpcm-Nm-c--fn apgp- nsb icn-bmb coXn-bn ssIImcyw sN-Ww. kwkmIn-bn-cn-p-Ibpw sNp-pthm A- s\-bp _pn-i-n- c-ns A\n-Xy-X-bp-tSbpw Cu B]m-X-c-a- Wo-b- amb hnjbn-m a\v C{n-b--fpsS kzm[o-\-h-e-bn- eI-s- b-Po-hn-X-kp-J--fp-tSbpw bYm-amb ZpxJ-kz-`m-hs n-cn-p-p. Ahs PohnXw Hcn-epw ]hn-{X-ambnocp- a\-n-emn Ch-sb-n Nnnpw D]-t`mKfn \np n-. AXn- \m Ah am\- h-i- co-c-tm-Sp- IqSn {]m]y-tbm- hnc--cmbpw Xoc-Ww. tIhew ico-c-ns \ne-\n-ev]nKy-amb ]c-a-]-Zs Hcn-epw {]m]n-p-n- . adnv Xs \m-h-iy-amb I- hy-I-sf \njvm-a-`m-h-tm-SpZpjv--fpsS ]cn-Wm-a-kz-cq-]amb Cu kwkm-c-N-{I- IqSn `K-hms B Fp hnNm- cnv A\p-jvTn- p-sImv n- eI-sv Ae-tb-- Xm-bn-hcp-p. IqI-c-iq-I-cmZn \oN- kz_p- n- bn At-l-ns \maw, cq]w, eoe, [maw XYm tbm-\n-I-fn P\n-p-Ibpw acn-p-Ibpw sNt--Xmbn At-l-ns AeuInI in Assl-Xp-I-{Inb Chhcp-p. bn ZrV-hn-izmkw kwPm-X-am-p-Ibpw k-`m-h--

55

I tfmSpw IqSn `K-hm-\ns tNn-cn-p-Ibpw thWw.

s-n- cn-p-p. Cu Imc-W--sfmw sImpw AXp-t]mse Xs a\-ns\ `K-hms XXz-Nn-- I-fnepw hmWnsb At- {_-k q-{X- Im-cs kmwJy-a-Xm-\p-k -c Ww al-Xzhpw l-ns KpW-h-\-I-fnepw t\{X-sf At-l- ns Ahy {]Ir-Xn-cq-]hpw F Ahpw kzoI-cn-m-XnZi-\-nepw I-sf At-l-ns aln-am-{i-h-W- cn-p--Xn\npw ChnsS almhn-ti-j-W-tm-Sp-IqSn nepw hym]r-X-am--Ww. C{]-Imcw Fm C{n-b-fp- B-]Z-ns Bibw Pohm-mhp Xs-bm-Ipp tSbpw kw_w `K-hm-\p-ambn kwL-Sn-n--Ww. Pohn- Fpw AwKo-I-cn--Ww. CXn-\m a{- ns kmcmwiw X-ns Hcp Ww t]mepw `K-hms a[p-c-kva-cW C{n-b-ns Aw (hn-j-bw) _e-hm Fm-Ip-p. v IqSmsX \on-tm-Ip-hm A\p-h-Zn--cp-X.v CXn-s- Ah km[-Is C{n-b-sf _em-em-c-ambn Xn-tebm-Ipp a\p-jy-Po-hn-X-ns km-IX \ne-sIm-p- bvm-Ijn-p-sIm-n-cn-p-p. AXn-\m C{n-b-sf -Xv. C{]-Im-c-samw A\p-jvTnp Pohn-p ]pcp-j hnj-b-fn\npw AIn \np-Xp km[-I\v DNn\n-b-ambpw ]c-{_ ]pcp-tjm--as ANny ]c-a-]- X-am-bn-cn-pw. hnj-b--fn a\v _e-hm-\m-Ip-p. hnjZs {]m]n-np kZm-Im-e-tmfw IrX-Ir-Xy-\m-bn-o- b--fn a\v A\m-k--am-sW-n C{n-bhpw hnjbhpw cn\pw km[-I\p bmsXmcp lm\nbpw kw`-hncp-p. n-p-hm Ign-bp--X-. a\-n-t\-m _pn _e-h-mkw_w D]-cyp--amb h-\-I-fn cY-ns cq]Ip-p. AXn-\m _pn-bp-]-tbm-Knp Nnnv a\-ns\ I-n `K-h-X{]m-]vXn-p-th-n-bp km[-\-Isf \ntv cmK tZzjc-ln-X- amn Xs \nb-{- W-n-em-n-oin-n-cn-p-p. B km[-\Ifn hnth-I-_p-n-tbm-Sp-IqSn Ww. AXp-t]mse _pn-tb-m Ch-sb-m-n-tbpw a\-ns\ \nb-{W hnt[-b-amn C{n-b-sf hn]-co-Xkzman-bmb alm "Bmhv' _e-hm-\m-Ip-p. AXns am-n \npw AIn `K-hXv {]m]vXn-p am-B ]men-p--Xn\v Ch-sbmw _my--am-W.v AXnfn-tebvp \bn-t Imcyw hy-am-n-bn-cn-p-p. \m a\p-jyv B-i-n-bpsS A\p-`-h-a-dnv AXpCXn asmcp {]iv\w D-hn-p-p. kzm`m-hn-I-ambn h-gn-bmbn _pn apX- emb Fm-h-sbpw \nb-{-W-hn-t[ZpjvShpw _e-h-p-amb C{n-b-sf AXp-In-jS-sv b-am-n-o-Ww. Xpw Ak-p-amb am--fn \npw F{]-Imcw amnhn-Smw. AXn-\m Cu Imcys XmXzn-I-ambn hnth-Nn-nv 11. alXx ]c-a-hy--a-hy-mXv ]pcpj: ]c: C{n-b-sf Ak-m--fn \npw XSp `K-hm-\n]pcp-jm ]cw Inw Nnm ImjvTm km tev Xncn-p-hn-Sp--Xn-\p D]m-b-sf \nt-in-p-p.

]cm KXm:

Cu a{-n "Ahy' ]Zs `K-hms {XnKp-Wa-bn-bmb ssZhn-I-am-bm-i-n-p-thn {]bp--am-n-bncn-p- p. AXp-t]mse bmsXm- n-\m tamln- X- amb Poh `K-hms\ Adn-bp-n-tbm AXp-X-s- bm-Ipp Pohm-mv Cu a{-n "]c' F hmIv {]tbmKw _e-hm hn-tbpw ]c-am-m-hntdbpw CS-bp ad. Xm-cWw-sImp Pohm-m-hn\p k-hym-]nbpw A-cym-an-bpF-n-em-Ip-p. Cu Imcyw {]tXyIw a\-n-em-Ww. Fp-sIm-s - m Imcy-I m-c -W -` m-h -tmtSm amb ]c-ta-iz-cs\ \nXyhpw kao-]-- \m- bn- cp- npw ImWpkqva-X-bpsS ZrjvSn-bntem C{n-bsf At]-np hm\pw {Kln-p-hm\pw km[n-p-n-. CXn-s\-bmWv Cu i_vZmZn hnj-bsf t{ijvTw Fp ]d-bp-Xv bpn- {]I-c-W-n Pohm-m-hn-s\-m _e-hm-s\p ]d-bpbp--am-bn-cn-p-I-bn-. CXp-t]m-se-Xs "alm' F - Xv. Pohm-m-hn\p kzw in- sImv Cu ambsb amphnti-j-Wtm-Sp-IqSn Bm F ]Zw Pohm-m-hns\ -Xn\p Ignbp-n-. `K-hms\ icWw {]m]n- pIgnm Dt-in-p--Xm-Ipp; al-Xz- n-s-bm-Ip-n-. Pohm-mhv s At-l-ns Ir]m-_-e-m AXn\v CXn Ch-s b- m- n-tbpw A[n-I m-c n-b m-I p- p. AXn-\m \npw Ic-I- b-dp- hm km[n-p-p. ChnsS "Ahy' ]ZwAXns\ kw_-nv "alm' F hnti-jWw kYm sImp kmwJy-a-Xm-h-ew-_n-IfpsS "{][m-\-XXzw' kzoI-cn-W-sa-n; Fp-sIm-s-m Ah-cpsS A`n-{]m-bDNn-X-hp-am-Ip-p. B-X- Xz-ns Bi-b-n CXns {]tbmKw Dm-Ip-Ibm-sW-n B-]-Z-{]-tbm-K- ns n "{][m\w' kzX-{- am-Ip-p. AXv Bm-hn-\p-]-cn-bmbmsXm-cm-hiy-I-Xbpw Dm-Ip-am-bn-cp-n- . _pn-XXzw bn-cn-p-n-. AXp- t]mse Bm-hn\p t`mKhpw apnbpw AXyw al-Xz-ap-Xp-X-s. AXp asmcp Imcyw. XXz- cp-h-kvXp-fpw \In-b-Xns Xmcyw C{n-bhn-Nm-cm-hk-c-n CXn bmsXmcp t`Zhpw AwKo-I-cn- , a\-v, _pn Ch-sb-m-n-sbpw ta Bm-hn\v -s-Sp-n-. CXp IqSmsX aptm-p-h-cp-tm \ntcm-[-\- A[n-Im-c-ap-s-m-Ip-p. AXn-\m AXp kzbw Ahsb ns (Hcp XXzs asmn eo\-am-p-tm) hni- \nb-{nv `K-hm-\n-tebvv B\-bn-p-p. Fm Cu Zo-Ic-W-ap-m-Ip-tm Ahn-sSbpw _pn-bpsS \ntcm- Bm-hn-s\-m _e-h-mb asmcp XXzw IqSn-bp-v. [\w al-mb Bm-hn tNp--Xn-\p-thn ]d-b- AXns \ma-amWv "Ahy- -X'. Nne amb-sbpw hnh-

10. C{n-tb`yx ]cm lym At-`y ]cw a\: a\-kkvXp ]cm _pn_p-t-cmm alm]cx

56

I n-p-p. CXn-t\mSp Poh-k-ap-Zmbw taml-_-cmbn CXns he-bn Ipcp-p-p. CXns\ amn--f-bp-hm Pohn-Ip km[n-p-n-. AXn-\m CXn-s\-m _ehm-\mbn AXns kzman-bm-bn-cn-p-Xp ]c-a-]p-cp-j-\mb ]c-ta-iz-c-\m-Ip-p. Atlw _ew, {Inb, m\w BZnbmb Fm in-I-fp-tSbpw An-am-h[nbpw {][m-\m-[mchpw BWv. At- l- s- s icWw {]m]n- Ww. Atlw. Zbm-hm-\mbn Cu ambm-cq-]am-Ip adsb kzbw henp amp-tm AtX Ww Xs `K-hXv {]m]vXn-bpm-Ipw. Fsm Atlw kZm k{X nX-\mIp-p. kw_w Cu Bibw Xs ASp a{- n HpIqSn kv]jvS-am-p-p.

hntij-n Fn-t-c-Ww. XZ-\-cw kzbw ap\n-b-a-\p-k-cnp im-ambn B-cq-]-amb ]c-{_ ]pcp-tjm-a-\n hneo-\- am-bn-o-cpw. kw_w C{]-Imcw ]c-am--kz-cq-]s hn-nv AXp-t]mse AXns\ {]m]n-p--Xp-sIm-p al-Xzhpw km[-\bpw \nt-in-p. C\n {ipXn a\p-jysc {im-ep-fm-n-smv ]d-bpp

14. Dn-jvTX Pm{KX {]m]y hcm-n-t_m-[X pcky [mcm \ninXm Zpc-Xybm Zpw ]YkvX XvIhtbm hZ-n.

Atbm a\p-jy-tc, \n P- P- m- -c- -fmbn Am\ \n{Z-bn ebn-p-sIm-n-cn-p-p. Ctm ]cam- m-hns Ir]- bm \nv Cu Zp` a\p- jy-i-cocw 12. Gj ktjp `qtXjp KqtVmm e`n-n-cn-p-p. CXp e`n-Xp-sImv C\n Hcp \nanjw \ {]Im-itX t]mepw {]am-Z-n \jvS-s-Sp--cp-X.v AXn-thKw {imZriytX Xz{Kybm _pym kqvabm ep--fm-bn-o-cp-hn. t{ijvT-m-cmb alm-]p-cp-j-m-cpsS kqva Zin`n: kao]w sNv Ah- cpsS D]-tZiw hgn-bmbn X-fpsS awKCu ]c-{_--]p-cp-tjm- -a`Khm Fm-n-t bpw f-amhpw ]c-am-m-hns\ kw_-n-p cl-ky-fpw A-cym-an-bm-Ip-p. AXn-\m Fm Pohn-I-fp-tSbpw lrZ- {Kln-p-sIm-p-I. ]c-am--XXzw hfsc Kl-\am-Ipp; b--fn hncm-Pn-p-sIm-p-an-cn-p-p. Fm kzw AXns kzcq-]-m-\w, X {]m]vXn-p amw Ch ambm-a-d-bn Hfn-n-cn-p-Xp ImcWw Bpw At- alm-m--fpsS klm-bw-sImpw ]c-am--Ir-]-sIm-pls Adn-bp-hm Ign-bp-n-. bmsXm-cp- `K-hm- a-msX km[n-p--Xv, XovW-amb ITm-cbpsS [mc\n B{i-bnv Xs _pnsb XovW-am-p-pthm bnqSn \S-p--Xp-t]mse AXyw ZpkvX- c-am-Ip-p. kqva-Zin-bmb Ah-\p-am{Xw `K-hXv Ir]-bm At- C{]-Imcw Zp-a-amb am--fnqSn kpK-a-ambn Ac-bs-p--Xn-\p kc-f-amb D]mbw kzbw A-scv ls Zin-p-hm Ign-bp-p. sb-n--gn A\p-`-hm-\n-I-fmb alm-m-p kw_w hnth-I-io-e-cmb Bfp-I `K-h--cWcmbn am{Xta ]d-p-X-cp-hm km[n--bp-q. F{]-Imcw `K-hXv {]m]vXn-p-thn km[\ A\p-jvTnkw_w {_ {]m]vXn-p amw C{Xbvp ZpkvXWw CXp hnNm-cn-p-sImp ]d-bpp c-am-b-sX- -p-sImv? Cu Pnm-km-]qnv ]c-am 13. bt-ZzmMv a\ko {]mkzcq-]s hn-p-sImv AXns\ {Kln-p--Xp-sImkvXZy-tPv m\ B\n p ^es ]d-bp-p.

m\-am-\n alXn \nbtZy-m B\n

_pn-am-m BZy-am-bnv hmv apX-emb C{n-b-sf _mly-hn-j-b--fn\npw ]nh-enp a\-nXs HXp--Ww. AXm-bXv AXns\ bmsXmcp I-fpw sNp-hm Ign-hn-m Ah--bn-em--Ww. a\-n hnjbfpsS Apcw Dm-Im-Xn-cn--Ww. Cu km[\ icn-bmbn hcp-tm a\-ns\ m\-kz-cq-]-amb _pnbn hneo-\-am--Ww. AXm-bXv GI-am-{Xhpw hnm-\kz-cq-]hpw \n-bmXv aI-hp-am-b _pn-bpsS {]h-\ IqSmsX a\- ns `n- k amdp- n-. ap bmsXmcp hn[-amb NnIpw CS-am-I-cp-Xv. ChnSw hsc ZrV-amb A`ymkw sNbvXp-I-gn-bp-tm m\-kz-cq-]-amb _pnsbbpw Pohm-m-hns ip-amb kzcq-]-n hneo-\-amWw; AXm-bXv Xn\npw `n-am-bn, GI-am-{X-amb B-X-Xz-an-msX ap bmsXmcp hkvXp-hnttbm kvarXnbp-tStbm IWnI-t]mepw Ahtijn-m Ah-m-

15. Ai-_vZ-a-kv] i-a-cq-] -a-h ybw XYm-ckw \nXy-a-K--h bXv A\m-Zy-\w alX: ]cw {[phw \nNm Xr-Xyp-ap-JmXv {]ap-Ny-tX.
Cu a{-n B ]c-{_-]-c-am-m-hns\ {]mIr-X- i_vZ, kv]i, cq], ck, K-c-ln-X- s\p ]d-p-sImv kmwkm-c n-I -hnjbsf {Kln- p C{n-b -v AhnsS hsc Fp-hm Ign-bp-n-sp shfn-hm-p- p. Atlw \nXy\pw Ahn-\m-inbpw A\m-Znbpw koam-c-lnX\pw BIp-p. Pohm-m-hnepw t{ijvThpw k-Ym-kXyhpw BIp-p. At-ls Adn-np a\pjy \nXyambn P\-\-a-c-W--fn\np tamN\w t\Sp-p. kw_w D]-tZ-is ]qn-bm-n-bnv C\n Cu BJym- \s {ihn-p-Xpw hn-p-Xpw sImp amlm- ys ]d-bpp

57

k^-e-am-p--Xn-\p-thn Ah am-ambn \ho\ ip`I-sf A\p-jTn-p-hm\pw km[n-p-p. a\p-jy v C{n-b aqew kzmy-{]-Zhpw kp_p-n-Zm-b-Ihpw hnip-hpw Bb hnj-bsf kzoI-cn-np kpJ-amb PohnXw \bn-p-sImp ]c-am-m-hn--tebvv Fn-tCu Aym-b-n \Nn-tI-X-n\v ba-cm-P \Inb cp- -Xn-\p D]m-[n-bm-bnv C{n-b-sf \nn-n- cn-p- p. D]- tZiw Hcp ]pXnb Imcy- sam- p-a-, CXp ]c--cm- K-X- amb AXn-\m kzbw-`q-hmb `K-hm C{n-b-fpsS apJw k\m-X-\-amb D]m-Jym-\-am-Ip-p. _pn-bp a\p-jy shfn-bn-te-mbn LSn-n-n-cn-p-p. Fm hnthI CXns\ hnpw {ihnpw {_-tem-I-n {]XnjvT iq\y-X-bm A[n-I- am-fpIfpw Cmcyw {Kln-msX hnjt\Sp- p. bm-k - cpw D- -c p-a mbn B]mX ca-W o-b - -fmb ]cnWm-a--fn `K-hm-\n\npw AIv ZpxJ-tim-Iab 17. b Caw ]caw Kplyw {imh-tbZv \c-I--f n Fn- p- -h-bmb Aip- -h n-j bt`mK {_-kw-kZn {]bX: {im-Imte hm XZm-\-ymb Iev]-tX. fn Xs apgp-In--gn-bp-p. Ah A-cym-an-bmb ]c-am-m-hns t\v t\mp-n Xs. Npcpw Nne XZm-\-ymb Iev]X CXn. _pn-a m- m am{Xw kw-K w-s Impw kzmymbw bmsXm-cp- hnip--\m-bnv {i-tbm-Sp-IqSn Cu ]c- sImpw `K-hXv Ir]-bm Aip--hn-jbt`mKfpsS a-c-l-ky-amb {]`m-j-Ws XXz-hn-th-N-\m-]qw `K-hXv ]cn-Wm-a-Zpx-J-sf Adnv Aar-X- kz-cq-]-\mb ]c-am-mt{]an-Ifpw ip-lr-Zb-cp-amb {_m-W-cpsS kZ-n hns\ {]m]n-p--Xn-\p C-bm t{]cn-X- cmbn _mly tIn-p-pthm AYhm {im-Im-e- -fn t`mP\w Ign- hnj-b-kpJfn\npw ]nn-cnv Ahsb `K-h-wp {_-Wsc tIn-p-pthm Ahs Cu h- _-n-bmb hnj-b--fn {]th-in-nv A-cm-m-hns\ \-cq-]-amb Iw A\--amb ^es {]Zm\w sNp-- A-cym-an-bm-b, ]c-am-am-m-hns\ Zin-p-p. Xm-Ip-p. A\--am-Ip--Xn\p ka-hp-am-Ip-p. Hp2. ]cmN: Imam-\-\p-bn _mem IqSn ]d-p-sImv Cu knm--ns \nn-X-Xzhpw kvtX artXymbn hnX-Xky ]miw Aym-b-ns kam-]Xn-bpsS eyhpw Ipdn-p-p. v

16. \mNn-tI-X-ap-]m-Jym\w arXyp-t{]mw k\m-X\w Dzm {ipXzm N ta[mho {_-temtI alo-b-tX.

bmsXm-cp- hnj-b--fpsS shn-n-f-epw B]mX-cm-a-Wo-b-Ihpw Inv Ah-bn Bk--\mbn Ahsb {]m]n-p- - Xn\pw t`mKn-p- -Xn\pw thn Zp- `hpw Aaqey-hp-amb a\p-jy-Po-hn-Xs \in-n-p-pthm Ah AXyw _pn-lo-\-\m-Ip-p. \n-b-ambpw Ah kIm- e- hym- ]n-bmb arXyp-hns ]mim _n--s- Sp-p. ZoL-Imew hsc \m\m-{]-Im-c--fn-ep tbm\n-I-fn P\\w kzoI-cn-p- sImpw IqsS-qsS acn-p-sImpw Ccnp- p. Fm _pn-am-m-cm-bn-p--h Cu hnj-b-sn Kl-\-ambn Cs\ Nnn-p-p. Cu C{n-b--fpsS t`mKsfmw PohnIp ap tbm\n-Iam{Xw km-Zn1. ]cmn Jm\n hyXr-WXv kzbw-`q p-sIm-Sp-p- hmt\ ]cym- ]vX- am- I- bp-q. a\p-jy- i- cocw FmkvXkvamXv ]cm-Mv]-iyXn \m-cm- nepw hne-- W-am- W.v AXns hmkvX-hn- tIm-tiw hnjIn-o-c x-{]-Xy-Km- m-\-ssa tbm- ]- t`m-K-n- \m- bn-sm- - . C{]- Imcw Nnn-nv CXns Zmhr Npc-ar-XXz an. Dtiw Aar-X- kz-cq-]\pw \nXy-\p-amb ]c-{_ ]c-am-mi_vZw, kv]iw, cq]w, ckw, Kw Cu C{n-b- hns\ {]m]n-p-I-bm-sWpw AXv Cu ico- c-ns fpsS Fm qe-hn-jb-fpw ]pd-ta-bp-hbm-Ip-p. e`y-am-Ip-sapw D Imcyw Ah\p a\-n-em-Ip-tm - CXns bYm-amb Adn-hn-\p-th-n-bm-Ipp C{n-b- Ah k-tXm-`m-h-n At-l-n-tebvp Xncn-bpsf cNn-n-cn-p--Xv. Fp-sIm-s-m Ch-bpsS Ibpw sNp-p. ]ns Ah Cu hn\mi kz`mh-tmm\- an- msX a\p- jyv GsX- nepw hnj- b- ns cq]- Sp-Iq-Snb PK-n W-`w-Kp-c--fmb t`mKsf {]m]nttbm KpW-ttbm Adn-bp-hm km[n-p-n-. AXp- p--Xn-\p A`n-em-j-tm-Sp-IqSn Ncn-p-n-. Aht]mse Xs Ahsb bYm-tbmKyw {Kln-p-Ibpw XyPn- bn \npw kYm hnc--\m-bnv AXyw {im-epp-Ibpw sNbvXp. `K-hms C{n-b-\nm-tWm-t-is hmbn ]c-am-km-[-\-I-fn hym]r-X- \m-bn--gn-bp-p. kw_w ]c-{_ ]c-am-mhv Fm Pohn-I-fnepw nXn-sN-p-p. Fm Hcp-pw ImW-s-Sp-n-. hfsc hnc- f - a m- b nt Bs- nepw kqva -_ p- nbnqSn At-ls Zin-p-hm Ign-bp-p-q. B {_ Xs Xs lrZ-b-n nXn-sN-ptm Fmhpw Xmm--fpsS _pn-bm-Ip t\{X- hgn Fp-sImp ImWp-hm Ign-bp-n? Npcpw Nnev Fp- sImp ImWp- hm Ign- bpp? As\ Hcp {]iv\w DZn-p-p. CXn\p adp-]Sn ]d-bpp

Aymbw 2.

AY [ocm Aar-XXzw hnZnXzm [vdph-a-[vdp-th-jznl \ {]m-b-t.

58

3. tb\ cq]w ckw Kw i_vZm kv]imw ssaYp-\m GtX-ss\h hnPm-\mXn Ina{X ]cn-in-jy-tX. GXssZz XXv.
i_vZw, kv]iw, ckw, Kw apX-emb Fm hn[n-ep hnj-b--fn\npw kv{Xok-lhm-k-n \npw e`y-am-Ip kpJ-fpw a\p-jy\v GsXmcp ]c-atZ-h-\n\npw e`y-am-bn-p m\-i-n-Zzmcm A\p-`h-ap-m-Ip-pthm At-lm \I-s-n-p insIm-p-Xs Ch-bpsS W-`w-Kp-c-XIsf a\-n-em-pp. Cu kpJ--fn ChnsS Ahtijn-p-Xv Fv Fv Nnn-m Ch-sbmw {]Xn-Ww amdn-sm-n-cnp-Xpw hn\mi kz`m- h- tm-Sp- Iq-Sn- bXpw BsWpw a\n-em-p-hm Ign-bp-p. Ch-sb-m-n- tbpw ]c-am-Imc-W-\mb GI-am{X ]c-{_ ]c-ta-iz-c am{Xw \nXy-\mIp-p. Atlw BZyw Dm-bn-cp-p, Ah-km\w Dmbn-cn-p-Ibpw sNpw. AXn-\m Atbm \Nn-tI-X-t, \nm tNmZn- - s {_- XXzw CXp- X-s- bm- Ipp; AXv Fm-n-tbpw _mnbpw Fm-ntdbpw Ayhpw AJn- en-tbpw A[n-]-Xnbpw AJn-e-ntbpw ]ca KXnbpw BIp-p.

Fn Ah\v ]noSv B aln-am- ab kzcq-]s Hcn- epw ad-p-hm Ign-bp--X-. AXn-\m Ah Hcn-epw Btcbpw \nn-p-n-, BtcmSpw shdppw hntZz-jhpw {]I-Sn-n-p-n- . \Nn-tI- X-t, \o GsXmcp {_- s- n tNmZn- n-cn-p-pthm AXv CXp-X-s-bm-Ip-p. AXn-s\- s-bmWp Rm apI-fn hnp Ign-n-cn-p--Xv. kw_w {_lvaw XpS-n mh-c-]-cyw kI-e-Po-hnIfpw B ]c-{_ ]c-ta-iz-c-\m D--am-bn-cn-p-p. AXm-bXv Fs- m- aptm Ah- sbmw At-l-ns cq]hn-ti-j--fm-Ip-p. At-l-n\npw `n-ambn ChnsS bmsXmpw Xsbn- . Fp-sIm-s - m Cu kq PK-ns A`n-- \n-an-tm-]m-Zm-\- Im-cWw GIam-{X-\mb ]c-ta-iz-c Xs- bm-Ipp; Atlw GI-\m-bns AJn-e-nepw IpSn-sIm-p-p. C\n Xw-_-ambn ]d-bpp

6. bx ]qw X]tkm PmX-aZv`y: ]qh-a- P m-b X Kplmw {]hniy XnjvTw tbm `qtX-`nhy-]-iy-X. GXssZz XXv.

bmsXmp Pe-n \npw D]-e-n-X-amb ]-a-lm`q-X-pw apv lnc-Wy-K` {_m-hns cq]-n 4. kz]v\m-w-Pm-K-cn-Xmw tNm`u {]Xy--am-bn-cp-pthm Atlw Xt-Xs k-ev]-cq-]tb\m-\ p- ]-i yXn amb X]-n-\m {]I-S-am-Ip--h\pw AJn- ePo-h-Pm-e-almw hn`p-am-m\w aXzm [otcm fp-tSbpw lrZ-b-Kp-lIfn {]hn-jS-\mbn Ah-tbm-Sp-IqSn v \ timN-Xn. kl-h-kn-p ]c-ta-iz-c-s\, bmsXm-cp- Atlw GsXmcp ]c-am-m- hns kl- tbm-Kw- sImv Cu Pohm- Fm-h-cp-tSbpw lrZ-b-f nepw A[n-hkn- p--h\pw mhp kz]v\m-h--bnepw Pm{K-Z-h--bnepw kw`-hn- Fm-n-tbpw A-cym-an-bp-S-amb ]c-ta-iz-c Xs- bmp Fm kw`hfp-tSbpw A\p-`hw IqsS-qsS Ip-p-shpw Cu kq PKv At-l-ns aln{]m]n-p-sIm-n-cn-p-pthm Ch-sbmw Adn-bp--X n- a-bm {]Im-in-p-p-shpw {Kln-p-pthm Ah \p in CXn\v GsXmcp ]c-{_ ]c- ta-iz-c-\n\npw bmYmy-s- s {Kln-p-p. AJn-e- lr-Z-b--fn e`y-am-b n-c n- p- pthm bmsXm- ns Ir]-bm Cu A[n-h-kn-p--h-\mb kmm ]c-{_ ]c-ta-iz-c-s\Pohnv AXns (]-c-am-m) hnm-\inbpsS Hcwiw -s-bmWp \o Adn-hm B{K-ln--Xv. {]m]vX -a m-b n-c n- p- p-thm, Ah-b vs - m-a p- ] -c n-b mbn kw_w AtX ]c-{_- s C\n AZn-Xn-tZ-hn-bpsS alpw kZm k{X hym]vXhpw Bb ]c-{_ ]c- cq]-n hn-pp ta- iz-cs\ Adn-bp [oc-]pcpj Hcn- epw bmsXmcp Imc7. bm {]mtW\ kw`-h-Xy-Zn-XntZ-h-Xm-abo W-himepw tei-am{Xw t]mepw timIw A\p-`-hn-p-n-. -

5. b Caw a[zZw thZ Bm\w Poh-a-n-ImXv Cuim\w `qX-`hyky \ XtXm hnPq-Kp-]vktX. GXssZz XXv.
bmsXmcp km[-I AJne Poh {]Zm-b-I\pw Pohn-IfpsS ]c-a-Po-h\pw Ahsb kzw I-^ew A\p-`-hnn-p--h\pw `qXw, h-am-\w, `mhn Fo PK-p-fpsS GI-am{X `c-Wm-[n-Im-cnbpw Bb ]c-{_ ]c-ta-izcs\ ""A-cym-an-bmbn \nc-cw Xs kao-]-nepw lrZb-nepw nXn-sN-pp Fp {Kln-p-p-thm, AXpt]m-se-Xs Atlw Fm-h-cp-tSbpw lrZ-b-fnepw hkn-pp Fpw kzm`m-hn-I-ambn A\p-am-\n-pp

Kplmw {]hniy XnjvTow bm `qtX-`nhy-Pm-b-X. GXssZz XXv.


k tZh-Xm-a-bn-bmb `K-hXn AZn-Xn-tZhn Ghpw BZyw B ]c-{_-- ns k-ev]-n\npw Fm PKn-tbpw Poh\ in-tbm-Sp-IqSn D-hnpw Fm PohnI-tfbpw _oP-cq-]-tm-Sp-IqSn Xtm-Sp-tNpw {]Xy-am-bn-cp-p. lrZ-bq-c-]-am-Ip Kpl-bn {]hn-jvS-bmbn Ahn- sS-s hkn-p B `K-h-Xn, `K-hms ANny alm-i- n, `K-hm-\n\npw kYm A`n--am-Ipp; `Khm-sbpw Ah-fp-sSbpw in- bn bmsXmcp hyXym-khp-an-. `K-hm Xs in-cq-]n Fm-h-cp-tSbpw lrZ- b - - f n {]th- i n- n- c n- p- p. \Nn- t I- X - t ,

59

I GsXmns\-n \o Pnm-kp-hm-bn-cp-pthm AXp Xs


B ]c-{_--am-Ip-p.

AYhm P\-\o-cq-]-n kakvX tZh-Itfbpw krjvSn-Xp-I m-cWw Ah k-tZ-h-Xm-a -bn-bmbn; i_vZmZn kakvX t`mK kaq-lsf `n-p--h-fm-bXp-sImv Ah-fpsS \maw AZnXn Fmbn. Ah lnc-Wy-K` cq]amb {]mW-t\m-Sp-IqSn {]I-S- am-Ip-Ibpw kakvX `qX-{]m-WnI-tfmSp IqSn-s bmsXm-ns {]mZp`mhw Dm-IpIbpw AXp-t]m-se-Xs bmsXmv Fm `qX-{]m-Wn-I-fptSbpw lrZ-bKp-l-I-fn {]hn-jvS-bmbn AhnsS nXnsN-p-Ibpw sNp-pthm B ]c-ta-iz-cs alm-in hmkvX-h-n At-l-ns {]XoIw Xs-bm-Ip-p. kzbw ]c-ta-iz-cXs Cu cq]- n Xs- s {]IS-am-n-bn-cn-p-p. \Nn-tI-X-t, \o Adn-bp-hm-\m-{K-lnp {_w CXp-X-s-bm-Ip-p.

10. btZ-thl XZ-ap{X bZ-ap{X XZ-\znl artXym: k arXyp-am-]vt\mXn b Cl \mt\h ]iy-Xn.

8. Ac-tWym\n-lntXm PmX-thZm K` Ch kp`rtXm K`n-Wo`n: Znth Znh CutUym PmKr-h-Zv`nl-hn-jva-Zv`n a\p-tjy-`n-c-n:. GXssZz XXv.

K`n-Wn-bmb kv{Xobn\npw ip-amb A- ]m-\mZn-I kzoI-cnv ]cn-]p-jvS-\mb _me F{]-Imcw K`11. a\-ssk-th-Z-am-]vXhyw t\l n Hfn-n- cn-p- pthm AtX- {]-Im- cw-Xs k-\m\mkvXn InwN\ \mb An-`K-hm Ac-Wn--SnIfpsS CS-bn Hfn-nartXymx k arXypw KXn b Cl \mt\h cn-p-p. AXp-t]mse An-hn-Zysb {Kln-n-p ]cn-{i]iy-X n. an-Ifpw {im-ep-fpw Fm Ah- iy-km-a{Ko k--cp-amb ]c-am-m-hns ]c-a-XXzw ip-lr-Z-b -tm-Sp-IqSn a\p-jy-K-W- {]Xn-Zn\w Bsc kvXpXn-p-Ibpw BZ-cns C{]-Imcw {Kln-p-hm Ignbp-p. Cu PK-n p-Ibpw sNp-pthm B An-tZ-h k--\mb ]c-ta-iz- cs {]Xo-Iw-X-s-bm-Ip-p. \Nn-tI-Xt! \o GI-am{X ]c-am-m-hp-Xs ]cn-]q-\m-Ip-p. Fmw At-l-ns cq]w-X-s-bm-Ip-p. ChnsS ]c-am-mtNmZn-Xmb kmm ]c-{_w CXp-X-s- bm-Ip-p. hn\npw `n-ambn bmsXm-p-an-. bmsXm-cp- 9. bX-tm-tZXn kqtcymkvXw b{X N KXn ChnsS hn`n--Xsb Zin-pp Fn B a\p-jy XwtZhm: kth An-Xm-kvXZp \mtXyXn arXyp-hn\npw arXyp-hn-s\-s {]m]n-pp; IqsSI\. GXssZz XXv. qsS P\n-p-Ibpw acn-p-Ibpw sNt-- Xmbn hcp-p. GsXmcp ]c-ta-iz-c-\n \npw kqcy-tZ-h {]Xy-\m-Ip-Ibpw Fhn-sS-sv hne-b\w {]m]n-p-Ibpw sNppthm bmsXm-cp-s aln-a-bn \np-Xs kqcy-tZhs DZ-bm- kvX- a- b-eo- eI \nb- a- ]qw \S- p-pthm B ]c-{_--ns kq-tZ-h {]hn-jS-\m-Ipp; v Fmw AXns nXn-sN-p-p. Bpw B km--Ihpw k-a-bhpw Fm-n-sbpw BZnbpw Ahpw B{i-b- m-\-hp- amb ]c-ta-iz-cs aln-a-tbbpw hyh--tbbpw Dw-Ln-p-hm kmy-a-. k-tXm-`mh-tm-Sp-IqSn Fmw Ftmgpw At-l-ns A[o-\n At-l-n- s-X-s `c-W- n Ign-p-Iq-Sp-p. Bpw Xs At-l-ns aln-asb IS- p- t]m- Ip- hm km[n-p-n-. \o tNmZn--Xmb kmm {_w B inam-\mb ]c-{_-]p-cp-tjm--a-\m-Ip-p. -

bmsXmv k-i-n-am-\m-bn, km--cym-an-bm- bn, AJn- en-tbpw ]c-a-Im-c-W-\mbn nXn-sN-p ]c{_-- ]p-cp-tjm--a ChnsS Cu ]rYznbn-s- bpv; AXp-Xs AhnsS ]c-tem-I-n-epw, AXm-bXv tZh-KmZn hn`n--tem-I --fn-epw, ImW-s-Sp-p. XYm bmsXmv Ahn-sS-bptm AXp-Xs Chn- sS-bp-ap- v. Htc ]c-am-m-hp-Xs AJne {_m-WU--fnepw hym]vX-\mv bn-cn-p-p. bmsXmcp- B Htc ]c-{_-s eoebn\npw \m\m \ma--fnepw cq]--fnepw {]Im-in-p- Xp- Iv taml- hn- h-i-\mbn AXn \m\m- Xzs hn`m- h\w sNp-p-sh-n Ah\p hopw arXyp-hn\v A[o-\-\m-tI- Xmbn hcp-p. Ah kzm`m-hn-I-ambpw P-a-c-W-N{In\npw tamN\w t\Sp-n-. AXm-bXv GI-\mb ]c{_--]-c-ta-iz-c Xs ANn-y-i-n-tbm-Sp-IqSn \m\m cq]--fn {]I-S-am-Ip--Xn\pw Cu {]]w apgp-h AIpw ]pdpw B Htc ]c-am-m-hn-\ms hym]vX-am-Ip--Xn-\p-ap Imc-Whpw At-l-ns kzcq]-hn-tijw Xs- sbv ZrV-Xm-]qw a\-n-em--Ww.

12. AwKp-jvT-am{X: ]pcptjm a[y B\n XnjvTXn Cuimt\m `qX-`hyky \ XtXm hnPp-Kp-]vk-tX. GXssZz XXv.
A-cym-an-bmb ]c-ta-iz-c `qX h-am\ `mhn-Im-e-en kw`-hn-p Fm Pohn-Ifp-Sbpw `c-Wm-[n-Im-cnbm-Ip-p, kam-\-`m-h-m kZm k{X ]cn-]q\m-Ip-p. Fn-cp-mepw lrZ-bn At-l-ns m\w alXztadn-b-sXp Icp-X-s-Sp-p. ]c-ta-iz-c bmsXmcp qe-kq-vam-Im-c-hn-ti-j-tm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-Xm-bncn-p-n-. Fm nXn--\p-k-cW-ambn Atlw Fm BIm-c-pw AXo-X-\m- Ip-p. p{Z- - fmb Fdpp-I-fpsS lrZ-b-n AXns lrZ-bm-Im-c-ns ]cn-

60

I Wm-a-n hncm-Pn-p-p. a\p-jy-lr-Zbw AwKp-jvT-]-cnWm-a- n- ep- -Xm-Ip-p. a\p-jy ]c- am- m- hns\ {]m]n-phm Ah-Im-in-bm-bn-s Icp-Xp-p. AXn-\m a\pjy- lr-Zbw ]c-{_ ]c-ta-iz- cs D]-e-_[n- p m\v ambn IW-m--s-Sp-p. AXn-\m ChnsS a\p-jy-cpsS lrZ-b-]-cn-am-W-a-\p-k-cnv ]c-ta-iz-cs\ AwKp-jvS-am-{X-amb Af- hn hn`m- h\w sNp- p. C{]-Imcw ]ctaizcs\ Xs lrZ-b-n nXn- sN- p- -Xm-bn-m-Wp-- h, C{]-Imcw Fm-h-cp-tSbpw lrZ-bn Atlw hncm-Pn-pp Fp kzm`m-hn-I-ambn [cn-p-p. Xm-cWw Ah ]noSv Btcbpw \nn-p-Ibpw shdp-p-Ibpw sNp-n. \Nn-tI-Xt! GsXm-n-s\-n \o tNmZn-pthm AXv Cu ]c-{_--am-Ip-p.

{_-temIw {]m]n-p-hm km[y-a-.

15. btYm-ZIw ipt ip-am-knw XmZr-tKh `hXn Ghw apt\hn-Pm-\X Bm `hXn KuX-a.
Fm ag-bpsS \n-e-Pew \n-e-am-bn-s hjn-p-I-bm-sW-n AXv AtX-Ww Xs ]hn-{Xam- bn-o-cp-am-bn- cp-p. AXn bmsXmcp hnIm- c--fp-ap- mI-bn-, Hcn-S-tbvpw NnX-dn-tm-Ip-Ibn-m-bn-cp-p. CXpt]m-se-Xs Atbm KuX-a-hw-io-b-\mb \Nn-tI-X-t, Cu ImWp--sXmw ]c-{_ ]pcp-tjm--a Xs Fp XXzw \mbn {Kln-p a\-\-io-e {]]-ns _mly-c q-] - p-] -] -c - X -\ mb ]pcp-j - s , Bmhp ]c-{_--n ebnv AXn- t\m- Sp-IqSn XmZmyw {]m]n-p-p.

13. AwKp-jvT-am{X: ]pcptjm tPymXn-cn-hm[q aI: Cuimt\m `qX-`hyky k GhmZy k D iz: GXssZz XXv.
a\p-jys lr-Z-b-Kp-l-bn nXn-sN-p Cu AwKpjvT-am{X ]pcp-j `qXw, `mhn, h-am\w CXp-Isf \nb{n- p kzX- {- ` -c -W m-[ n- I m- c n- b m- I p- p. Ctlw tPymXna-b \pw BIp-p. kqcy-t\bpw An-tbbpw t]mse DjvW-{]-Im- in-bm-bn-cn-p- p-an-. Fm Znhyhpw im-hp-a mb {]Im-i-tm-Sp-IqSnbh-\m-Ip-p. euInI tPymXn-p-I-fn [qa-cq]w tZmj-I-c-am-Ip-p. CXv [qa-cln-Xhpw tZmj-cln-Xhpw kYm hnip--m-\-kz-cq]hpw BIp-p. ap tPymXn-p-I hf-cp-Ibpw Xf- cp-Ibpw bYm-k-abw AW-bp-Ibpw sNp-p. Fm CXv Cs- s\tbm AX-t]m-se \msfbpw nXn-sN-p- p. CXns GI-c-kX \nXyhpw Ap--hp-am-Ip-p. CXv Hcn-epw Ipd-bp-n-, Hcn-epw hf-cp-n-. Hcn-epw \in-p-n. \Nn-tI-Xt! Cu ]cn-h-\-c-ln-X\pw Ahn-\m-in-bpamb ]c-ta-iz-c-s\--n-s \o tNmZn-p-p.

1. ]pc-ta-Im-Z-i -Zzm-c-a-P-kym-h -{I-tN-Xk: A\p-jvTmb \ timNXn hnap- hnap-Ny-tX. GXssZz XXv.


a\pjyi-co-c- am-Ip \Kcw cp- I-p- I, cp sNhnI, cp \mkm-Zzm-c-, Hcp apJw, {_-c-{w, \m`n, KpZw, iniv\w Fo ]Xn-s\mp hmXn-ep-I-tfmSp IqSn-bXm-Ip-p. CXv k-hym-]nbpw Ahn-\m-inbpw AP-mhpw \nXy-\pw, \nhn-Im-c-\pw, GI-c-k\pw, hnip m\-kzcq-]-\p-amb ]c-ta-iz-cs \K-c-am-Ip-p. Atlw k-{X ka- `m-h-\-tbm-Sp- IqSn Fmfpw ]cn-]q- \m-bn- cp-p- sImv Xs cmP-[m-\n-bmb Cu a\p-jy-i-co-c-ns lrZb {]mkm-Z-tmsS cmPm-hn-\p-Xpeyw hnti-j-cq-]-n hncmPn-p- sIm-n-cn- p-p. Cu cl-kys {Klnp Pohn-p bmsXm- cp- `P-\-ka-c- Wm- Zn-km-[-\-I A\p-jvTnp \Kv c-ns alm-[n-Im-cn-bmb ]c-ta-iz-cs\ \nc-cw Nnnpw [ym\npw Ign-bp-pthm Ah Hcn-epw timIw A\p-`-hn-p-n; Ah timI-Im-c-W--fmb kwkm-c_\--fn\npw tamN\w t\Sn Poh- p--\m- Ip-Ibpw ico-c-Xym-K-n\ptijw hntZ-l-bp--\mbn `hn-bpw sNpp; ]c-am-m-hn hnebw {]m]nv P\-\-a-cW N{In\npw Fs- t-p- ambn tamN\w t\Sp-p. \o Adnbp-hm thn tNmZn-Xv Cu k-hym-]-I-\mb ]c-{_-s--n-bm-Ip- p.

14. btYm-ZIw ZptK hrjvSw ]-tXjp hn[m-h Xn Ghw [m ]rYIv ]iyw-kvXm-t\-hm-\p-hn-[ m- h -Xn.

ag- shw Hp-am-{X- ta-bp-p. Fm AXv AXyp-X--fmb ]-X--fnepw sImSp-ap-Sn-I-fnepw hjn-ptm AhnsS AXp Xn- \np- n- . AXn-thKw Xmgv- kw_w C\n B ]c- ta- iz-cs k- cq- ]s kv]jvSo`m-K--fn-tep HgpIn hn`n h--fnepw BIm-c-n- I-cn-p- p. epw, K-tm-Sp-Iq-Snbpw \mep `mK--fn-tebvpw NnX2. lwkx ipNn-jZv hkp-c--cn--k dn-tm-Ip-p. CtX {]Im-cw-Xs Htc ]c-am-m-hn\npw tmXm thZn-j-Z-Xn-YnZp-tcm-WkXv D-hn hn`n kz`m-h-- tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb tZhm-kpc a\p-jym\rjZv hc-k-Zr-XkZv thyma-k-Z_vPm Zn-I ]c-am-m- hns\ {]tXyIw {]tXyIw hn`m-h\w sNbvXv tKmPm-EXPm A{ZnPm EXw-_r-l-Xv. At-l-n\v D]m-k-\-Ifpw ]qPm-Zn-Ifpw sNbvXv Ahcpw NnX-dn-tmb Pe-n\p Xpeyw hn`n tZhm-kp-cm-Zn-I-fpsS {]mIrX KpW--Xo-Xhpw Znhy-hn-ip--hp-amb ]ctemI--fnepw AXp-t]m-se-Xs \m\m-{]-Im-c--fn-ep a-[m-a-n hncm-Pn-p kzbw {]Im-in-bmb ]c-{_-tbm\n-I-fnepw Aep Xncn-tb--Xm-bn-h-cp-p. Ah\v

61

I ]p-cp-tjm--a Xs A-co--n k-cn-p


hkp Fp t]cp tZh-\m-Ipp; Atlw Xs AXnYn-bpsS cq]-n Krl-s `h-\n BK-X-\mIpp; Atlw Xs b-th-Zn-bn {]Xn-jvTn-X-am-bncn-p tPymXnab Anbpw AXp-t]mse Xs AXn BlqXn \S-p tlmXmhpw BIp-p. Atlw Xs Fm a\p-jy-cpsS cq]-nepw nXn-sN-p-p. a\p-jysc At]-nv t{ijvT-m-cmb tZh-m-cp-tSbpw ]nXr--fptSbpw cq]-n nXn-sN-p-Ibpw kXy-n A[n-jTnv X-am-bn-cn-p-Ibpw sNp-p. Atlw Xs Pe-n ay-ambpw iwJmbpw ipn-bmbpw {]I-S-am-Ip-p. ]rYznb n h r - a m bp w A p - c - a m bp w A - a mb p w Huj[nbmbpw bmZn k--fn \m\m-hn-[-fn-ep-ap b ^e--fpsS cq]-nepw ]-X--fn \Zn apX-em-b-h-bpsS cq]-nepw {]I-S-am-Ip-p. Atlw Fm ho-W-nepw Fm-nepw t{ijvThpw alpw ]ca kXy-X-Xzhpw BIp-p.

kw_w C\n Xmsg--d-bp cp a{--fn-embn bacm-P \Nn-tI-X-n-\m tNmZn--s XXzs hopw asmcp {]Im-c- n hn-m-sap {]Xn sNp- p.

5. \ {]mtW\ \m]m-t\\ atXym PohXn I\ CX-tcW Xp Pohn bkvan-t-Xm-hp-]m-{in-Xu. 6. l X CZw {]h-yman Kplyw {_ k\m- X \w bYm N acWw {]m]y Bm `hXn KuX-a.
ba-cm-P ]dp ""\Nn-tI-Xt Hcp Znhkw \nb-ambpw arXyp-ap-J-n Ft--h-cmb Cu a\p-jym-ZnPo-hm-I {]mW-tbpw A]m-\-tbpw in-sImp Pohnn-cn-p-n-. Chsb Pohn-n-p-Xv asmcp tNX-\m-X-Xzam-W.v Pohm-mhv AXm-Ip-p. Cu {]mW\pw A]m-\\pw cpw B Pohm-m-hns\ B{i-bnp Ign-bp-p.''

Pohm-m-hns\ IqSmsX Ahbvv Hcp Ww t]mepw \ne-\np-hm Ign-bp-n-. Pohm-mhp IS-p-t]m-Iptm Ch am{X-a Ch-tbm-sSmv Fm C{n-b-fpw ico-c-n \nb-am-\p-kr-X-ambn A\-h-cXw {]mWm-]m- AXns\ A\p-k-cnp IS-p-t]m-Ip-p. C\n ac-Wm-\-cw \m-Zn-I-fpsS {Inb \S-p-sIm-n-cn-p-p. Cu PU-hkXp- Cu Pohm-m-hn-s\-p-kw-`hn-pp? AXv Ftm-p-t]m- v -fn ImW-s-Sp {Inbm-io-eX B ]c-am-m-hns Ip XYm F{]-Imcw hkn-pp Fpw Rm ]d-pinbpw t{]c-W-bpw-sImp kw`-hn-p-p. Atlw X-cmw. AtXm-Sp-IqSn ]ca cl-kyhpw k-hym-]nbpw Xs am\-h-lr-Z-b--fn cmPm-hn\p Xpeyw hncm-Pn-p- km-[m-chpw km-[n-]-Xnbpw Bb ]c-{_ ]c-ta-izsImv {]mWs\ apIfntebvpw A]m-\s\ Xmtgbvpw cs kzcq]w Fm-sWpw ]d-p-X-cmw. Xnsm-n-cn-p-p. C{]-Imcw Atlw ico-cn- \p7. tbm\n-at\y {]]-Zyt ico-c-Xzmb tZln\x n kw`-hn-p Fm hym]m-c--tfbpw kpNm-cp-cq-]mWp-at\y\pkw-bn bYm-I n {Iao-I-cn-p-p. lrZ-b- n-X-\mb B ]c-a-`-P-\ob bYm-{ip-Xw. ]c- {_-- ]p-cp-tjm--as\ Fm tZh-X- Ifpw D]m-kn-p-sImn-cn-p-p. ico-c-n-X-amb {]mW, a\-,v _pn apXba-cm-P ]d-bpp ""Ah-\-hs ip`m-ip-`-Iemb Fm C{n-b--fp-tSbpw A[n-jvTm-\-tZ-h-X-I B - \p-k-cnpw imkv{Xw, Kpcp, kwKw, ]Tnv apX-em]c-ta-iz-cs\ {]km-Zn-n-p--Xn-\p-thn Ah-bpsS t{]cb-h-bv-\p-k-c-Wambn Ipw tIpw Dmb `mh-W-b-\p-k-cnv \nXyhpw {i-tbm-Sp-IqSn ka-kvXIm-cy-fn\npw \nn-X-amb Ay-Ime hmk-\-b\p-k-cnp tfbpw bYm-hn[n {Iao-I-cn-p-sIm-n-cn-p-p. ac-Wm-\-cw F{Xtbm Pohm-fmIs ap icocw [cnp--Xn-\p-thn hocy-tm-Sp-IqSn amXm-hns tbm\n4. Aky hn{kw kam-\ky bn {]th-in-p-p. Ch-cn BcpsS ]pWy-]m-] ico-c-ky tZln\x Xpey-am-bn-cn-p-pthm Ah a\p-jy-cp-tSbpw Bp tZlm-Zzn-ap-Ny-am-\ky Ina{X ]cn-in-jy-tX. ]pWyw Ipd-hm- bn-cn-p- Ibpw ]m]w A[n-I-am- bn-cn-p-Ibpw GXssZz XXv. sNp-pthm Ah ]n-ar-Km- Zn-I-fpsS icocw kzoI-cnp Hcp ico-c-n\npw asm-n-te-bp Ka-\-kz-`mv P\n-p-Ibpw ]m]w AXy-[n-I-am-bp At\Iw t] h-tm-Sp-Iq-Snb tZln (Po-hm-m-hv) Cu h-am-\-i-cocw mh-c-`m-h-tbpw (hr-w, eX, XrWw, ]-Xw apXhnp-t]m- Ip-tm AXn-t\m-Sp-IqSn C{n-b-fpw {]mW\pw em-bh) {]m]np P\n-p-p.'' IS-p- t]m-Ip-p. Atm Cu arX-i-co-c-n Fhti jn-pp? ImgvN-smpw Ahtijn-p--Xm-bn-m-W- kw_w ba-cm-P Pohm-m-hns KXnbpw ]c-am-ms-Sp-n- . Fm kZm kam-\-`m-h -tm-Sp-IqSn hns kzcq-]hpw Cu cp kwK-Xn-Ifpw ]d-bm-sap k{X ]cn-]q-\m-bn-cn- p B ]c-{_ ]c- ta-iz-c {]Xn sNbvXn-cp-p. CXn ac-Wm-\cw Pohm-mtNX-\-bnepw Pohn-X-nepw PU-nepw Fm-nepw hns KXn Fm-bn-o-cpp? AXp ]d-nv Imcy- kZm hym]vX- \m-Ip-p, AXv Ah-ti-jn-p-p. \o Adn-b- ]d-bpp W-sa-m-{K-ln-p ]c-{_w CXp-X-s- bm-Ip-p.

3. Du[zw{]m-Wap--b -Xy-]m\w {]Xy-K-kyXn at[y hma-\-am-ko\w hntiz tZhm D]m-ktX. -

62

8. b Gj kp]vtXjp PmKn Imaw Imaw ]pcptjm \nn-amWx XtZhip{Iw XZv {_ XtZ-hm-arXapNy-tX. Xkvanw-tmImx {inXmx kt XZp \mtXyXn I-\. GXZv ssh XXv.
Pohm-m-hnsd I--f-\p-k-cnv \m\m-{]-Im-c--fnep t`mK-sf \nn-p-- h\pw Ahsb bYm-tbmKyw hyh sNp- -h-\p-amb Cu ]c-a-]p-cp-j]-c-ta-iz-c kakvX Pohn-Ifpw \n{Z-bn-em--Xn\p taepw {]f-b-Im-en Fm-n-t-bpw, m\w ep]vX-am-bn-o-cp-tm) kz-amb aln-a-bn \nXyw Pm{K-m-bn-cn-p-p. At lw kzbw m\ kzcq-]-\m-Ip-p. bmsXm-cp-s m\w kZm GI-c-kam-bn-cn-p-p-thm, Hcn-epw IqSpItbm Ipd-bp-Itbm ep]vX-am-Ip-I tbm sNm-Xn-cn-ppthm AXp-Xs ]c-a-ip--Zn-hy-X- Xzw BIpp; AXpXs ]c-{_--am-Ip-p. AXn-s\-s m\n-I-fmb alm-m- hgn-bmbn {]m]y-amb ]c-am-ar-X-kz-cq-]-]-c-am\w Fp ]d-b-s-Spp. Cu kq-temIw AXns\ B{i-bnp \ne-\np-p. AXn-\-sc Bpw Fphm Ign-bp--X Bpw AXns \nb-a-sf AXn{I-an-p-hm Ign-bp-n-. Fmw kZm GI-am-{X-amb AXns `c-W-n Iogn Ign-bp-Ibpw AXn-\-[o-\-ambn-cn-p-Ibpw sNp-p. Bpw AXns aln-a-bpsS A-c - -S - p-hm kmy-a- . GsXm- n-s \-n \o FtmSp tNmZn- pthm B {_- XXzw AXp-XsbmIp-p. kw_w C\n An-bpsS ZrjvSm--m B ]c-{_-]-c-ta-iz-cs hym]-I-X-tbbpw \nte-]-X-tbbpw hnp-p.

{]-Im-c-n-ep B-cy-a-b--fmb in-bm k--ambn-cn-p-p. kw_w Cu Imcyw Xs hmbp-hns\ ZrjvSm-o-I-cnp-sImp ]d-bpp

10. hmbpb-ssYtIm `ph\w {]hnjvtSm cq]w cq]w {]Xn-cqt]m _`qh GI-kvXYm k-`q-X m--c mm cq]w cq]w {]Xn-cqt]m _ln
Htc hmbp-Xs Ahy--cq-]-n {_mWvUw apgph hym]n-n-cn-p-p. Fn-cp-mepw hnhn[ hkvXp fpsS kwtbm-K- n\npw AtX hkvXp\p-cq]-amb KXnbpw inbpw {]I-Sn-n-p-p. AtX-{]-Imcw Xs Pohn-I-fnse A-cym-an-bmb ]c-ta-iz-c GI-\m-bncp-npw AtX Pohn-Isf kw_- n-n-S-tmfw {]tXyIw {]tXy-I-amb inbpw KXnbpw {]I-S-am-p-p. Fm A{Xsmp-a-, Ah-bvs-m-n\pw _mly-am-bnpw A\- hpw Ako-ahpw Akm-[m-c- W-hp-am-b-cq-] -n nXn-sN-p-p. kw_w Cu a{- n kqcys ZrjvSmw sImp ]c-am-m-hns \nte-]-Xsb ImWn-pp

11. kqtcym bYm kh-tem-Iky Np \ en]ytX Nmp-ssj_m-ly-tZmssjx GI-kvXYm k-`q-X m--c mm \ en]ytX temI-Zpx-tJ\ _mlyx

Htc kqcyXs {_m-WUs apgp-h {]Im-inv n-p-p. AXns {]Imiw Pohn-I-fpsS Ip-Ip klm-b-I-c-am-Ip-p. B {]Im-i-ns klm-b-tm-Sp9. Anb-ssYtIm `ph\w {]hnjvtSm IqSns BfpI \m\m {]Im-c-n-ep KpW-tZm-j-acq]w cq]w {]Xn-cqt]m _`qh b--fmb I- A\p-jTn-p-p. Fm Ah-cpsS v GI-kvXYm k-`q-X m--c mm t\{X- hgn sN-s-Sp hnhn-[-cq-]n-ep Icq]w cq]w {]Xn-cqt]m _ln-. tZm-j--fp-ambn kqcy Aev]w-t]mepw _-s-Sp-n-. Htc An-Xs \ncm-Im-c-cq-]-n {_mWvUw apgp- C{]-Imcw Xs Fm-nepw A-cym-an-bmb hnh hym]n-n-cn-p-p. AXn\v bmsXmcp t`Z`mh--fp-an- p `K-hm ]c-{_ ]pcp-tjm--a GI am{X-am. Fm kmIm-c-cq-]-n Pzen-ptm B[m-c-`q-X- Ip-p, At-l-ns in-bn\npw in-bp--amamb hkvXp-hn-s\-tmse BIm-c-tm-Sp-IqSn ImW-s-Sp- bnv a\-v, _pn, C{n-b Ch hgn-bmbn a\p-jy v p. C{]-Imcw Xs kakvX {]mWn-I-fnepw \nd-p- \m\m-{]-Im-c-n-ep-ap ip`m-ip-`-I- A\p-jTn-p\np ]c-ta-iz-c GI-\-s{X. AJn-e-nepw ka-`m- p. AXp-t]mse AXp-I-fpsS ^e-kz-cq-]--fmb kpJ-Zpxh-n hym]n-n-cn-p-p. AXn bmsXmcp {]Im-c-n- Jm-Zn-I A\p-`hn-p-Ibpw sNp-p. Fm B ]c-taiz-c Ah-cpsS I--fnepw en]vX-am-Ip-n- . Fp- sImep- ap t`Z- `m-h-an-. Fn- cp- mepw Atlw `n-`n PohnI-fn AtX Pohn-I-\p-cq-]ambn \m\m-cq-]-fn s- m Atlw AJn- e-nepw hkn-p-p-s- nepw {]Im-in-p-p. B[m-c-h-kXp--\p-cq-]-ambn At-l- Fm-n\npw ths]pw kYm Akw-K-ambpw v ns alna {]I-S-am-Ip-p. hmkvX-h-n B ]c-ta-iz- \ne-sIm- p-p. cs alna CsXm-p-a-. CXn-s\-m hf-sc-b-[nIw al12. GtIm hio k-`q-Xm cmm -c-am- Ip-p, At-l-nsd A\-- amb in-bpsS Hcp GIw cq]w _lp[m bx ItcmXn IWn-I-sIm-p-am{Xw Cu kq {_mWvUw \m\m-

63

Xam-w tb\p]-iyn [ocm kvtXjmw kpJw imizXw t\X-tc-jmw.


GsXmcp ]c-am-mhp kZm AJn-e-ntbpw Acm-m-cq-]n nXn-sN-p-pthm bmsXmv AZzn-Xobhpw kYm kzX-{-hp-am-bn-cn-p-pthm AJne PKnepw tZh-a-\p-jymZn Fm-n-t\bpw kZm Xs \nb{- W-n shp-sIm-n-cn-p-pthm B k-i-In-Xmam-\mb ]c-ta-iz-c Xs Htc cq]s Xs eoe-bmbn \m\m-{]-Im-c-n-em-n-op- p. B ]c-am-m-hns\ bmsXmcp m\n-bmb alm-]p-cp-j \nc-cw Xs Dn nXn-sN-p--Xm-bn-m-Wp-pthm Ah\p am{Xw kZm nc-am-bn-cn-p-Xpw k\m-X-\hpw Bb ]c-am-\w e`n-p-p. asm-cp-pw e`n-p-n-.

13. \ntXym \nXym\mw tNX-\-t-X-\m-\m tatIm-_-lq\mw tbm hnZ-[mXn Imam Xam-w tb\]-iyn [ocm kvtXjmw imnx imizXo t\X-tc-jmw.
bmsXmcp kakvX \nXy-ssN-X\yw Bm--fp-tSbpw \nXy-tN- X-\- bmb Bm-hm-bn-cn-p- Ibpw bmsXmv kzbw GI-am-bn-s AJne Pohn-I-fp-tSbpw t`mK--fpsS AXm-Xns Im-\p-kr-X-ambn hn[m\w sNbvXp-sIm-ncn-p- pthm kzw Dn \nh- kn-p B k inam-\mb ]c-{_ ]pcp-tjm- -as\ bmsXmcp alm-m-\n]p- cp-j \nc- cw Zin-p- sIm-n- cn-p- pthm At- l- n\p- am{Xw kZm nc-am- bn-cn-p k\m-X-\-amb ]c-a-imn e`n-pp ampw e`n-p-n- .

B kz{]-Im-i-]-c-am-\--kz-cq] ]c-{_--]c-ta-iz-cs kao]w Cu kqcy {]Im-in-p-n-. kqcy {]Im-in-ptm anm-an- \p-ns {]Imiw Cm-Xm- bn-o- cp--Xp- t]mse, kqcys tXPpw B Ako-a-tX-P-ns apn ep]vX -am-bn- o-cq- p. N{, \{X- , hnZypv Chbpw AhnsS {]Im-in-p-n-. ]ns Cu An-bpsS Imcyw Fv? Fp- sIm- s- m {]mIr- X-P-K- n {]Imi-kz-`m-htm-Sp-Iq-Snb XXz--sfmw Xs B ]c-{_ ]c-ta-iz-cs {]Im-i-i-n-bpsS Awis {]m]n-np ]cta-iz-cs {]Im-i-i-n-bpsS Awis {]m]n-n-p {]Imin-p-p. Ahbvv X-fpsS {]Im-i-Is kao]w F{]Imcw {]Imiw ]c-p-hm Ignbpw? Cu ]q-{]-]w PK-Zm-m-hmb ]pcp-tjm- -as {]Imiw sImtm AYhm B {]Im-i-ns p{Z-amb Awiw-sImtm {]Im-in-p-sIm-n-cn-pp Fp kmcw.

1. Du[z-aqtemhmIvimJ Gtjmizx k\m-X \x XtZh ip{Iw XZv {_ XtZ-hm-ar-X-ap-Ny-tX. Xkvanw-tmIm: {ioXm: kt XZp-\m-tXyXn I-\. GXssZz XXv.

bmsXm-ns aqe-`q-X-amb ]c-{_ ]pcp-tjm--a Ghpw D]-cn-bm-Ip-pthm AXm-b-Xv, AXn-kq-v ahpw k-i-n-am\pw BIp- p- thm, bmsXm- ns {][m- \- imJ {_mhpw Ahm--c-im-J-I tZh- I ]nXr-, a\p-jy, ]n-ar-Km-Zn-I Ch {Ia-{]-Imcw Xmsgbpw BIpp; C{]Imcw Cu {_m-WvU-am-Ip Aiz--hrw A\m-ZnImew apX \nXy-am-bn-cn-p-p. Nnetm {]I-S-ambpw kw_w Pnm-kp-hmb \Nn-tI-Xv C{]-Imcw B Nne-tm A{]-I-S-ambpw Xs Imc-W-cq-]-amb ]c-{_-]c-{_ {]m]vXn-bpsS B\-hpw imn-bpsS aln-abpw n \nXyhpw nXn-sN-pp; AXm-bXv k\m-X-\-am-Ip p. bmsXm v CXns aqe- I m- c - W - a m- I p- pthm tInv Bcm Nnn-p-hm XpSn AXn\nv Ch-sbmw D-hn-p-p, AXp-sIm-p- Xs 14. XtZ-X-ZnXn a\yt \ntZiyw ]caw kpJw kpc-n-Xam-bn-cn-bpw AXn-tebvp Xs hne-bn-pIYw \p XZzn-Pm-\obmw Inap `mXn hn`mXn hm. Ibpw sNp- p, AXp- X s hnip Znhy-X - X zhpw {_hpw BIp-p. AXn-s\-s Aa-c-Xz-sap ]d-bpB k\m-X-\-]-c-am-\-hpw ]c-a-im-nbpw {]m]n-n-p p. AJn-e-temIfpw AXns\ B{i-bnp \nevp-p. m\n-I-fmb alm-m Cs\ Icp- Xp-p. bmsXm-ns\ Bpw AXns\ AXn-ew-Ln-p-hm Ignbp-n-. \Nnhn- p- hm a\-n\pw hmn\pw Ign- bm- Xn- cn- p- pthm tI- X-t, \o Adn-bp-hm B{K- ln {_-XXzw CXp-X-sB Aeu-In-Ihpw ktm-]-cn-bp-amb B\w \Ip-Xv bm-Ip-p. ]c- {_ ]pcp-tjm--a-\m- Ip-p. B ]c- am-\ ]c-ta- iz-cs\ Rm A]- tcm cq]-n F{]-Imcw Adnbpw AXns 2. bZnZw Inw N PKXv kw {]mW m\w GXp-co-Xn-bn kw`-hn-pp? GPXn \nxkrXw kw_w \Nn-tI-X-ns B-cn-I-`mhw {Kln-nv bacm-P ]dp

al-Zv`bw hPvdap-ZyXw b GX-Zzn-Zp-c-ar-Xm-ktX, v `h-n.


C{n-bw, a\-v, _pn Ch-s Imp ImWp-I bpw tIp-Ibpw {Kln-p-Ibpw sNp--hbmb kqN-cm-N-c-P-K-smw Xs ]ca Imc-W-cq-]amb GsXmcp ]pcp-tjm--a-\n \npw {]I-S-amtbm AtX {]mW-kz-cq]- amb ]c-ta-iz-c- \n hym]-cn-p- sIm-n- cn-p-p. AXm-bXv

15. \ X{X kqtcym `mXn \ N{-Xm-cIw t\am hnZyptXm `mn ItXmbanx Xtah `m-a-\p-`mXn khw Xky `mkm kh-anZw hn`m-Xn.

64

I CXns tNj-Sv -I-fpsS B[m-chpw \nb-{-I\pw B ]c-taiz-cX-s- bm-Ip-p. B ]c-ta-iz-c ]c-a-Z-bm-ep-hm-bn-cnp--Xp-t]m-se-X s AXyw `b-kz-cq-]\p-am-Ip-p. sNdpXpw hepXpw Fmw At-ls `b-s-Sp-p. Atlw, Dbn-n-Sn-n-cn-p h{Pm-bp-[-n-\p-Xp-ey-hp-am-Ipp. Ic-- fn h{Pm- bp[w Dbn-n-Snp \np {]`phn-s\-v Fm tkh-Icpw \nc-cw Bm ]me-\n Xev]-c-cm-bn-cn-p--X p-t]mse ka-kX-tZ-hmcpw v kZm ka-b hpw \nb-am-\p-k-c Ww Cu ]c-ta-i z-cs Bm-]m-e\-n hy{K-X-tbm-S p-IqSn hn- p-p. bmsXm-cp- Cu ]c-{_- s Adn- bp-pthm XXz-m\n-bmb B ]pcp-j Aa-c-\m-bn-o-cpp; P\\ ac-W-fn \npw ap-\m-Ip-p.

5. bYmZti XYm \n bYm kz]vt\ XYm ]nXr-temtI bYm]vkp ]coh ZZrti XYm K-temtI Ombm-X]-tbm-cnh {_-tem-tI. -

F{]-Imcw If--c-ln-X-amb Z-Wn AXns apn hp-\np hkvXp Z-W-t-m hne-Whpw kv]jvS-hp-ambn ImW-s-Sp-pthm AtX-{]-Im-cwXs PvRm\n-I-fm-b-hcpsS Ax-Ic-W-n B ]c-taiz-c AXn-s\m hne--Whpw kv]jvS-hp-ambn ImWs-Sp-p. F{]- Imcw kz]v\-n hkvXp-k-aqlw bYcq-]-n ImW-s-SmsX kz]v\-{Z-jvSm-hmb a\p-jys hmk-\bpw kwkvIm-c-hp-a-\p-k-c nv Fhn-sStbm D hkvXp Fhn-sStbm hnirwJ-e-cq-]n Akv]jvSambn 3. `bm-Z-kym-n-kvX-]Xn `bmXv X]Xn kqcyx ImW-s-Sp-pthm A{]-Imcw Xs ]nXr-tem-I-n ]c`bm-Zn-{ hmbp arXyp[m-hXn ]ax ta-iz-cs kzcq]w bYm-hXv kv]jvS-ambn ImW-s-SmsX Fm-n-t\bpw `cnpw AJn-e-tbpw \nb-{npw Akv]-jvS-a m-bn-s ImWp- p. Fp-sIm-s-m \nb-am-\p-k-cWw Nen-n-pw-sIm-n-cn-p Cu ]c-ta-iz- ]nXr-temIw {]m]n-n-p Pohn-Iv ]q-P--nse c-t\m-Sp `bw ImcWw An X]n- p- p. AtX `b- m kvarXn-Ifpw Ahn-sS-bp _p--fpsS ]q-hXvmkqcy X]n-p-p. AtX `b-ms C{\pw \hpw D-Xp-Im-cWw Ah XZ-\p-k-c-Wamb hmk-\-Ihmbphpw ]ar-Xyp-fpw sh-tem-Sp-IqSn ]mp-\-Sv fn B_--cmbngn-bp-p. K-temIw ]nXr-tem-Iag s]n-p-I, Pohn-Ip {]mW-in \Ip-I, Pohn- s-m Ipdp t{ijvT- am-Ip-p. Pe-n- \p-n t\mnI- fpsS ico-c-sf \in-n- pI XpSn Ah-c-h-cpsS tPmen- bm {]Xn-_nw_w icnp ImWp-nsnepw GXmv I {im-]qw sNbvXp-s Im-n-cn- p-p. Npcpw icn-bmb cq]-n ImW-s-Sp-p. Fm Pe-ns Fs- m, Cu {]]--n ssZh-I aqe-ambn \nb- Hmf- ImcWw Cf- In-sm- n-cn-p {]Xo-Xn- bp- m-panX cq]-n \S--s-p-sIm-n-cn-p Fm Imcy- p, kv]jvS-ambn ImW-s-Sp-n-. AXp-t]m-se-bmWv fpw k-i-n-k--\pw AJn-entbpw \nb-m- kz]v\s At]-nv Pm{K-Z-h--bpsS nXnbpw hp-amb ]c-ta-iz-cs AtamL imk-\-m kw`hn-p- A-s\- Xs K-tem-I-nepw t`mK-e-l-cn-bn Aeb- Sn-p lrZ-b-tm- Sp-Iq-Snb Ahn-Sps \nhm- kn- Iv sIm- n-cn-p- p. `K-hms Zi\w kv]jvS-ambn e`np-n-. Fm 4. Cl tNZ-iIZv t_myw {]mIv {_-tem-I-n Pohn-p--hv \ngepw shbn-epwico-cky hn{kkx t]mse kz-ambpw B ]c-{_-]-c-ta-iz-c-s\--n-bp XX: ktKjp temtIjp ico-c-Xzmb Iev]-tX. m\w {]Xy--ambpw kpkv]-jvS-ambpw e`n-p-p. k-i-n-am\pw AJn- entbpw t{]c-I-i- nbpw AhnsS bmsXmcp hn[-amb {`ahpw \ne-\np-n-. {]YAJn-e-tbpw `cn-p-sIm-n-cn-p-h\pamb ]c-ta-iz- am-ym-b-ns aqmw `mK-n BZy-a-{- n ]d-bcs\ GsX-nepw km[-I Cu Zp`a\pjy-i- co-c-ns s-n-cn-pp Cu a\p-jy-i-cocw Hcp temI-am-Ip-p, \miw kw`-hn- p-- Xn\p apm-bn-s Adn-b- Ww. AXm- CXn ]c-{_-hpw Pohm-mhpw shbnepw \ng-epw-t]mse bXv Cu ico-c-n `P-\-ka-c-Wm-Zn-km-[-\-I A\pjvTn lrZ-b- cq-]n-bmb Kpl-bn hkn-p-p. AXm-bXv a\p-jy v p--Xn-\p in Ftmhsc \ne-\n-evp-I bpw ap temIsf A`nejnmsX Cu a\p-jy-i-cocw \neFtm hsc acWw `hn-m-Xn-cn-p-Ibpw sNp-pthm \nptms ]c-{_--] -c- ta-i z-c -s\-- n-b p AXn\p apmbn {i-tbmsS {]b-Xv\np ]c-am-m-X-Xz- m\w km-Zn--Ww. m\w t\tS--Xm-Ipp; Atm am{Xta Ahs 6. C{n-bmWmw ]rY-Kv`m-h-ap-Z-bm-kvXabu PohnXw k^-e-am-Ip-p-q. A\m-Zn-Imew apX P\-\aN bXv cW {]hm-l-n ]Xn-p-sIm-n-cn-p Cu PohnXw ]rY-Kp-Xv]-Zy-am-\m\mw aXzm [otcm \ timN-Xn. AXp-sImp tamN\w t\Sp-p. As-n ]noSv AXpwi_vZ kv]imZn hnj-b--fpsS A\p-`-h-kz-cq-]-ambn sImv At\Iw Iev]w hsc hn`n temIfnepw tbm\n{]tXyIw {]tXy-I-amb Imcy-p-thn `n-`n cq]I-fnepw \nv icocw kzoI-cn-t--Xn\p _my--am-bno-cp-p. AXn-\m a\p-jy ac- W-n\p hfsc apm- -fn Dev]-am-bn-cn-p C{n-b-fp-sS, bmsXmv {]tXyIw {]tXyIw `mh--tfm- Sp-Iq-Sn-b-Xm-bncnpp-thm, bn-s ]c-am-m-hns\ Xncn--dn-b-Ww.

65

I AXp-t]mse Pm{K-Z-h--bn {]h\ ioe-tm-Sp-Iq-

Znhy-cq-]s bmsXmcp a\p-jy\pw {]mIrX N-N-pSn-b-Xm-bn-cn-p-Ibpw kpjp-]Xn-Im-e-n eb-ambnocp- p-IsImp Zin-p-hm km[y-a-. bmsXmcp `mKyv Ibpw sNp cq]w AXns ]cn-h-\-kz-`m-h-am-Ip- hm-\mb km[-I \nc-cw t{]a-`-cn-X-amb a\-tm-Sp-IqSn p. Ch-sb--n-sbmw Nnn-n-v, _pn-am-m-cm-b-h Cu At-ls Nnn-p-sIm-n-cn-p-pthm Ahs lrZ-bclkyw AXm-bXv Cu C{n-b- a\-,v _pn AYhm n `K-hms B Znhy- kz- cq]w kw_- np [ym\w {]KmCh-bpsS kwLm-X-cq-]amb icocw Rmt\m BIp-n; V-am-bn-o-cp-tm B kabw km[-Is lrZbw `KRm Ch-sb-m kYm hne--Whpw \nXy-ssN-X- hms [ym\- P-\n- X-amb kzcq-]- n \n- e-am- bn- ocpp. \yhpw ktm-]cn hnip-hpw GI-c-khpw BIpp C-s\-bp \n-e-lr-Z-b-tm-Sp-IqSns B km[Fp a\-n-em-p-tm Ah bmsXm-cp-hn-[-n- ep I hnip _pn-cq-]- amb t\{X- hgn ]c-am-m-hns timIw A\p-`-hn-p-n-. Fs-t-p-ambn ZpxJ-tim-Im- B Znhy-kz-cq-]-ns Zi\w t\Sp-p. bmsXm-cp- Cu ]c-ta-iz-cs\ Adn-bp-pthm Ah Aa-c-\m-bn-oZn-I-fn\npw ap-\m-bn-o-cp-p. cpp; ]c-am-\--kz-cq-]-\m-bn-o-cp-p. kw_w ASp cp a{- -fn-embn XXz-Nn-- I kw_w tbmK-[m-c-W-amw a\-n-t\bpw C{n-b-hn-p-p. tfbpw \nb-{nv ]c-ta-iz-cs\ {]m]n-p--Xn-\p ap 7. C{n-tb`y: ]cw at\m a\k: kz-ap-aw km[\ hnh-cn-pp

kzm-Z[n alm-\mm altXmhy-ap--aw.

C{n-b--fn a\v t{ijvT- am-Ip-p. a\-ns\m _pn D-a- am-Ip-p. _pn- tb-m AXns kzman-bmb Pohm- mhv Db- Xm- Ipp; Fp-sIm-s- m Ah-sbm-n-tbpw ta CXn-\ -[ n-Im-c -a p- v. Ah-sbmw CXns Bm-]m-e-I-cmWv; CXv Ah-bpsS `cWm[n-Imcn-bm-Ip-p. AXm-bXv Ah-tb-m Pohm-mhv AXyw hne--W-am-Ip-p. Cu Pohm-m-hnepw CXns Ahy-(Im-c-Ww) icocw {]_-e-am-W.v bmsXmv CXns\ _n-nn-cn-p-pthm AXp `K-hms B {]Ir-Xn-bpsS Awi-amIp-p.

10. bZm ]m-h-Xn-jvTt m\m\n a\km kl _pn \ hntN-jvSXn Xmam-lp:]-camw KXnw.


tbmKm-`ymkw sNbvXp-sNbvXv Ftm a\-tm-Sp-IqSn ]t-{n-b- \-Xp-t]mse nc-am-Iptm _pn GI\mb ]c-am-m-hn ]c-am-m-hn-s\-b-msX asm-ntbpw teiw-t]mepw m\-ap-m-Im--co-Xn-bn ncam-bn-o-cptm B Ah-sb tbmKn-I ]c-a-KXn tbmK-ns ktm--a-KXn Fp ]d-bp-p.

8. Ahy-mp ]cx ]pcptjm hym]tIm enwK GhN bw mXzm-ap-tNytX Pp-c-ar-XXzw N K-Xn.


Cu {]Ir-Xn-sb-m AXn-s-kzm-an-bmb ]c-a-]p-cpj ]c-am-mhv t{ijvT-\m-Ip-p. Atlw \ncm-Im-c-cq-]-n k{X hym]n-n-cn- p- p. (KoX 94) Cu Pohm- mhv {]IrXn-bpsS _-\-fn\npw kYm ap-am-hp-Ibpw Aar-X-kz-cq-]-amb ]c-am-\-s t\Sp-Ibpw sNp-p. AXp-sImv a\p-j y Cu {]Ir-Xn-bpsS _- \ - fn\npw apn-t\-Sp--Xn-\p-thn CXns kzman-bmb ]c- {_ ]pcp- tjm- - as\ icWw {]m]n- Ww ]c- am-mhv Cu Pohn-I-fn Icp-W-tXmn ambm-a-dsb henp amptm At-lns Zi\w Chbvp kn-am-Ip-p. As-n Cu aqV-m, kZm X-tfm-sSmp hknn-cp-npw B ]c-ta-iz-c-s\-s Xncn--dn-bp-n-.

11. Xmw tbmK-anXn a\yt ncman- {n-b -[m-c Wmw A{]-a--kvXZm `hXn tbmtKm ln {]`- hm-]y- bu.
C{n-bw, a\-v, _pn Ch-bpsS \n-em-h--bpsS \maw tbmKw Fm-Ip-p. C{]-Imcw A\p-`- h- m-\-ap tbmKnsb alm-\p-`m-h-\mbn Icp-Xp-p. Fp-sIm-sm B kabw km[- I hnj-b-Zi\ cq]- - fmb Fm {]am-Z--fn \npw cln-X-\m-bn-o-cp-p. Fm Cu tbmKw DZ-bhpw AkvX-a-bhpw t]mse-bm-Ip-p. AXp-ImcWw ]c-am-m- hns\ {]m]n- - W- sav A`n- e- jn- p Cmep--fmb km[-I \nc-cw tbmK-bp--cm-bn-cn-p--Xn\p ZrVm-`ymkw sNbvXp-sIm-n-cn--Ww.

9. \ kwZrti XnjvTXn cq-]-aky \ Npjm ]iy Xn I-ss\\w lrZm a\ojm a\-km`n p]vtXm b GXZvhn Zpc-ar-XmkvtX `h-n.
Cu ]c-{_ ]c-ta-iz-cs Znhy-kz-cq]w {]Xy--hnj-b-cq-]-n \psS apn hcp-n-, ]c-am-m-hns

12. ss\h hmNm \ a\km {]m]vXpw itIym \ Npjm AkvXoXn {_phtXm\y{X IYw XZp-]-e-`y-tX.
B ]c-{_ ]c-am-m-hns\ hmWn apX-emb It{n-b-sImpw Npv BZn-bmb mt\-{n-bsImpw a\- v, _pn BZn-b mb Ax-I-c -W sImpw {]m]n- p- hm km[n-p- n- . Fp- sIm- sm AXv Ch-bsmw Fm-hp-n-S-p-\npw hfsc v Zqsc nXn-sN-p-p. Fm At-ls {]m]n-p--

66

I Xn\p Xo{h-ambn Cn-p--h\v At-ls {]m]n-p-hm


km[n-p-p. Cu kwKXn bmsXm-cp- ]d-bp-n-tbm kzoI-cn-p-n-tbm AXm-bXv CXp-kw-_-nv bmsXm-cp\v ZrV-amb hnizmkw DmIpntbm Ah\v Atls Fs\ {]m]n- p-hm Ignbpw? AXn-\m ]q a{-n ]d-n-p coXn-b-\p-k-cnv C{nbw a\v apX- embn Fmw tbmKm- `ymkw apJm- ncw XS-nv ""AXymhiyhpw km[-I\p e`yhpw BIpp'' Fp ZrV-\n-b-tm-Sp-IqSn \nc-cw AXns {]m]vXn-p-thn ]ca-amb D-WvTtbm-Sp-IqSn {]b-Xv\-io-e-cm-bn-cn--Ww. -

15. bZm kth {]`n-Zyt lrZ-b-tkyl {Kb: AY atXymartXm `h-tXy-Xm-h-y\p imk-\w.

13. AkvXo-tXy-thm-]-e_v[ hykvXz `mth\ tNm`tbm: AkvXo-tXy-thm-]-e-_v[ky XXz-`mh: {]ko-Z-Xn.


""]c-ta-iz-c Bh-iyhpw Atlw km[-I\p \n-bambpw e`yhpw BIpp'' F Imcy-t--n-bp ZrVhn-izmkw km[-I\v Ftmgpw Dm-bn-cn--Ww. ]noSv CtX \n-b-tm-Sp-IqSns At-ls kzoI-cn-pIbpw XZ-\-cw XmXznI hnth-N-\m-]qw \nc-cw Atls [ym\n-p-Ibpw sNbvXnv B ]cm-i-nsb {]m]nmw. ""Atlw Bh-iy-am-Wpw Xs Xs lrZ-bn hncm-Pn-pp Fpw AXns {]m]vXn BhiyamIpp'' Fpw Ftm km[-I hnizm-k- tm- Sp- IqSn `Khms\ kzoI-cn-p-pthm Atm ]c-am-m-hns B XmXznI Znhy-kz-cq]w Ahs hnip lrZ-b-n kzbambn {]I-S-am-hp-Ibpw `K-hms {]Xyw A\p-`-h-am-IpIbpw sNp-p. kw_w C\n \njvma`mh-ns aln-a-sb-n ]dbpp

km[-Is lrZ-b-n-ep Al-bpw aa-Xm-cq-]-nep kakvX Am\ {Kn-Ifpw \-Xp-t]mse Apt]m-Ip-Ibpw Ahs Fm-hn-[-n-ep-ap kwi- b- kYm \in-p-Ibpw D]-cyp--amb D]-tZ-i-a-\p-k-cnv ""]c-{_ ]c-ta-iz-c Bh-iy-amWv; At-ls \n-bambpw e_npw'' Fp ZrV-\n--bhpw Ah-\p-mIp-tm Ah Cu ico-c-n Pohn-p-sIm-p-Xs ]c-ta-iz-cs\ kmm-XvI-cnv Aa-c-\m-bn-o-cp-p. thZm- ns k\m-X-t\m-]-tZiw CXp am{X-am-Ip-p. kw_w C\n ac-Wm-\--c-ap Pohm-m-hns KXn hn--s-Sp- p.

16. iXw ssNIm N lrZ-bky \mUy-kvXmkmw aq[m\ a`n\n: krssXIm Xtbm[z-am-b--ar-X-Xz-taXn hnjz-\ym DXv{I-atW `h-n.
lrZ-b-n \qn-sbmp {][m\ \mUnI Dv. Ah Ahn-sS-\npw Fm `mK-tbvpw hym]n-p-In-S-p-p. AXn kpjp-a v\-s b- p-] -d-b p Hcp \mUn lrZ-b n\npw akvX-I-n-te-bvp t]mbn-cn-p-p. `Khms ]c-a-[m-a-n-tebvp t]mtI Ah-Imin B \mUn-b nqSn ico- c - n\npw shfn- b nhv Ghpw Db temI- n `K-h ms ]c-a-[ m-a nsNv Aar-X-kz-cq-]\pw ]c-am-\--a-b-\p-amb ]c-taiz-cs\ {]m]n- p- p. ap Pohn- I ac- W- Im- ev ap \mUnI-fnqSn ico-cn \npw shfn-bnhv Ah-c-hcpsS I-pw hmk-\-Ipw A\p-k-cW-ambn \m\m-tbm-\n-Isf {]m]n-p-p.

14. bZm kt {]apNyt Imam tbky lrZn-{inXm: AY atXymartXm `h-Xy{X {_ ka-iv\p-tX.


a\p-jys lrZbw \nXyhpw \nc-- chpw \m\m-{]-Im-c-fn-ep-ap sFln-Ihpw ]mc-eu-In-Ihpw Bb A`n-emj-sImp \nd-b-s-n-cn-p-p, Cu ImcWw sImv Cu ]c-am-\ kzcq-]-\mb ]c-ta-iz-cs\ F{]-Imcw {]m]np-hm km[npw Fv Ah Hcn-epw Nnn-p-n. Imay-hn-j-b--fpsS Bk-n-bm Ah ]c-am-mhns\ {]m]n-p--Xn\v A`nejnp-p-an-. Cu Fm A`nemjfpw km[-Is lrZ-b-n \npw kaqew \inp-t]m-Ip-tm Ah Aa-c-\mbnocp-Ibpw Cu a\pjy- i- co- c-ns B ]c- {_ ]c- ta- iz- cs kmm A\p-`hw \-Xp-t]mse kwPm-X- am-Ip-Ibpw sNp-p. kw_w kwib cln-X-amb ZrV- \n--b-ns alnasb ]d-bpp

17. BwKp-jvT-am-{X:-]p-cptjmcmm kZm P\m\mw lrZtb kn-hnjvSx Xw kzm-co-cm-Xv{]-hr-tl-p-RvP m-Zn-th-joImw ss[tcyW Xw hnZyp-p-{I-a-arXw hnZym- p-{I-a-ar-X -an-Xn.
AJn- e-n-tbpw A-cym-an-bmb ]ca ]pcpj ]c-taiz-c lrZ-bn-\-\p-cq-]-ambn AwKpjvSam-{X-cq-]-n kZm Fm a\p- jy-cp- tSbpw Dn \nh- kn-p- p, Fnepw a\p-jy At-l -ns t\tc t\mp-p-t]m-ep-an-. bmsXm-cp- {]am-Z-c-ln-X-\mbn At-ls {]m]n-p-Xn-\p km[-\-bn apgp-Ip-pthm Ah ico-c--\mb B ]c- ta-iz-cs\ Cu ico- c-tm- sSmp Xs kzb- ambpw AXp-t]m-se-Xs {]tXy-I-ambpw hne-- W-ambpw km[mcW Bfp-I ap- p- n\npw AXns \mcns\ {]tXyI-am-bn-m-Wp--Xp-t]mse ImWp-Ibpw thWw. AXm-bXv

67

I F{]-Imcw ap-p-n-ep \mcv ap-p-n-t\-m hne-

hn[n-Ifpw {]m]n-nv P\-\a-c-W--fn\np ap\pw - Whpw {]tXy-I-X -bp-X p-am-bn-cn-p-pthm AtX Fm hnIm- c--fn\np cln-X\pw AXp-t]mse kYm {]Imcw Xs B ico-c-hpw. Bm-hns Dn A[n-h- hnip--\p-ambn ]c-{_ ]c-ta-iz-cs\ {]m]n-p. am-sckn-p ]c-ta-iz-c B cn-t\-mfpw kYm Akm- nepw Cu Bym-nI hnZysb Cu hn[-n \Nn-tI[m-c- W-am-Ip- p. AXp- Xs hnip Aar-X-a-Ip-p. ChnsS X- n\p Xpeyw icn-p-icn a\-n-em-p-Ibpw {im-]qw Cu hmIys ]p\- cm- hn-p- Xv D]- tZ-i-ns kam- AXns\ [cn-p-Ibpw sNp-pthm Ah\pw \Nn-tI-X-n]vX n-tbbpw AXp-t ]mse knm- -ns \nn-X- Xz- t\-tmse Fm hnIm-c--fn\npw cln-X\pw P\-\a-ctbpw kqNn-n-p-p. W--fn\np ap-\p-am-bnv ]c-{_ ]c-am-m-hns\ {]m]n-p-hm km[n-p-p.

18. arXyp-t{]mmw \Nn-tItXmY e_v[zm hnZym-taXmw tbmK-hn[nw N Ir\w {_ {]m]vtXm hnctPm`qZzn-ar-Xyp ct\ymt]y hw tbm hnZ-[ym--ta-h.

imn- ] mTw
Hmw kl \mh-h-Xp. kl \u `q\-p. kl hocyw Ic-hm-h-ssl. tXPkzn \mh-[o-X-a-kvXp. am hnZznjm hssl. imnx imx imnx
CXns Aw D]-\n-j-ns Bcw-`-n sImSpn- p- v.

C{]-Imcw ba-cm-P-\m D]-Zn-jS-amb kakvX hnth-Nv \--tfbpw {im-]qmw tI-Xn-\p-tijw \Nn-tI-Xv At-l-m ]d-b-s kq-hn-Zybpw tbmK-ns

tIt\m-]-\n-jv
Hmw imnx imnx imnx

Cu D]-\n-jv kma-th-Z-nse ""Xe-h-Imc {_m W''ns Hcp `mK-am-Ip-p. Xe-h-Im-cs ssPan-\o-tbm]-\n-jv Fp-IqSn ]d-bm-dp-v. Cu D]-\n-jv BZyw ""tI\'' F hmp-sImv Bcw-`n-p--Xn-\m CXn\v tIt\m-]-\n-jv Fp t]mcp-h-p. CXns\ Xe-h-Im-tcm]-\n-jv ({_m--tWm-]-\n-j-v) Fp IqSn Nne hnfnp-p.

tl ]c-am-m-th, Fs Fm AwK-fpw hmWn, t\{Xw, t{im{Xw apX-e mb Fm It-{n-b - fpw mt\-{n-b-fpw {]mW-k-aq-lhpw imco-cn-Ihpw am\kn-I-hp-amb in-Ifpw HmPpw Fm ]pjvSnbpw AXpt]mse hrnbpw {]m]n--s. D]-\n-j-p--fn hn-s- n- cn-p k- cq-]-{_-s Rm Hcn- epw kzoItIt\m- ]- \n-j-n {_- X- Xz- s-n {]Xn-]m- Zn-pp. cn-m-Xn-cn--bn-. AXp-t]mse B {_hpw Fs HcnCu XXzw hni-Z-am-p--Xn\v Kpcp-injy kwhm-Z-cq-]-n epw ]cn-Xy-Pn-m-Xn-cn--s. Fs kZm-Im-ehpw kzXXz-sf hnh-cn-p-p. am-n-o-s. Ftm-Sp-IqSn {_-n-tbpw {_tm-Sp-IqSn Ftbpw \nXy-k-w \ne-\n-s. D]imn- ] mTw \n-j-p--fn GtXXp [--sf-n {]Xn-]m-Z\w sNHmw A]ym-bp aamw-Km\n hmIv {]mW--px- s-n-cn-p-pthm Ah-sbmw D]-\n-jns GI-am{X t{im-{X-atYm _e-an-{n-bmWn N khmWn; khw ey-amb ]c-{_--]-c-am-m-hn \nc-cw hym]r-X-ambn {_u-]-\n-jZw amlw {_ \ncm-Ipcymw am am Fttm-ep km[-Im-cn kZm-Im-ehpw {]Iminp{_ \ncm-I-tcm-Xv, A\n-cm-I-c-Wa-kvXz-\n-cm-I-cWw sIm-n-cn-s; Fn \nXyhpw \nc--chpw Dm-bntakvXp; XZm\ n \nctX b D ]- \ n- j p sm-n-cn--s. Fs {Xnhn-[-Xm-]-pw imn- bp-m[mkvtX abn kp tX abn kp. I-s.

68

I {]Y-a-JWvUw
kw_w injy Kpcp-tZ-h-t\mSp tNmZn-pp:

1. Hmw tIt\-jnXw ]XXn t{]jnXw a\: tI\ {]mW: {]Y-ax-ss{]Xn bp: tIt\-jnXmw hmN-anamw hZn Npx t{im{Xw I D tZthm bp\-n.
Cu a{-n \mep tNmZy- AS-n-bn-cn-p-p. PU-cq-]-amb Ax-Ic-Ww, {]mW, hmWn XpS-nb It-{n-bpw Npv BZn-bmb mt\-{n-bpw AXm-Xn-t-Xmb Imcy- \S-p--Xn-\p Ign-hp-I {]Zm\w sNbvXn-cn-p-Xpw AXp-Isf AXmXn-t-Xmb I--fn {]h\ \nc-X-am-n-sm-ncn-p-Xpw Bb GtXm k-i-n-a-mb tNX-\-bp-tm, AXv GXmWv? F-s\-bp--XmWv? kw_w CXn\p adp-]-Sn-bmbn Kpcp ]d-bp-p.

2. t{im{Xky t{im{Xw a\tkm at\m b ZzmtNm l hmNw k D {]mWky {]mW: Np-j--p-c-Xn-apNy [ocm: t{]Xymkvamtm-Im-Z-ar-Xm-`-h- n.
Cu a{- n Kpcp injys tNmZy-p kv]jvSamb adp-]Sn ]d-bmsX hmp-IsImp Imcyw {Kln-nm {ian--bm-W.v bmsXm-cp- a\-ntbpw {]mWtbpw kqt-{n-b- -fp-s Sbpw kakvX PK- ntbpw ]c-a-Im-c-W-\m-Ip-pthm bmsXm-cp--\n \npw in {]m]n-nv Ch-sbmw AXm-Xn-t-Xmb {]h-\ \S- p- hm {]m]vX-cm- bn- cn-p-pthm bmsXm-cp- Ch-sbmw Adn-bp--h\m-bn-cn-p-pthm Ah B ]c{_-]p-cp-tjm--a Xs CXn-s-sbmw t{]c-Ii-nbm-bn-cn-p-p. Ahs\ Adn-nv m\n-I- fm-bn-p--h Poh-p--cmbn Cu temI-n \npw {]bmWw sNbvXtijw Aa-c-kz-cq-]-am-bn-o-cp-Ibpw sNp-p. AXm-bXv P\- \-a- c-W- -fn \npw \nXy- ambn tamN\w {]m]n-p- p. kw_w B a\-nepw {]mW-\nepw C{n-b-fnepw t{]c-WsN-ep-p {_w C-s\-bpXmIp-p. C{]Imcw Akv]-jS- cq]w Fp-sIm-mWv? CtX-n Kpcp ]dv bp-p.

Aeu-InI Znhy XXz--fn-tebvv Ah-bpsS {]th-i\w Hcp Imepw kw`-hy-a-. ]nstbm Ah-bn IpSn-sImp tNX-\bpw {Inbm-i-nbpw AtX {_-ns Xs t{]c-Wbpw inbpw BIp-p. C{]- Im-c-ap Ah- bn a\x--C-{n-b- apJm-ncw B {_w "Cs\' D-Xm-sWv Bv Fs\ ]d-bp-hm Ignbpw? C{]Imcw {_-X-tXzm-]-tZ-i-ns kzcq]w \mw Bcn \npw ]Tn-n-p-an; \mw kzbw kz_p-n-bpsS a\\w hgnbmbn {Kln-n-p-an-. GsXmcp alm-]p-cp-j-\n\npw Cu KqV-X-Xz--fpsS D]-tZiw \app e`n-n-cn-p-pthm Ah B ]c-{_--]-c-ta-iz-c PU-tN-X-\-Ip `n\m-sWp \mw {Kln-n-cn-p-p. Adn-b-s-Sp-n- S-tmfw kw]q-P-U-h--fn\npw kYm `nhpw Cu PU-hs Adn-bp-Ibpw Fm kzbw Adn-b-s-SmXn-cn-p-Ibpw sNp Pohm-m-hn-s\-m AXy-[nIw D-ahpw BIp-p. C{]-Im-c-ap nXnv AXns kzcq- ]-X-Xzs hmp-Ihgn hy-am-p-hm Hcn-epw km[y-a-. CXp-sImp AXns\ {Kln-p--Xn\p kqN-\Isf B[m-c-am-t-- Xmbn hcpp (KoX 15-18). kw_- w C\n AtX {_- s, {]iv\--fpsS ASn- m\-n hopw Ap a{- aqew a\-n-em-p-p.

4. bZzm-Nm-\`yp-ZnXw tb\ hmK-`yp-ZytX XtZh {_ Xzw hnn t\Zw bZn-Z-ap-]m-k-tX.


bmsXmv hmp-I-fm hy-am-p-hm km[n-ppthm AXp-t]mse {]mIr-X-hm-Wn- bn ]d-s-n-p XXz-fm D]m-kn--s-Sp-pthm AXv {_-ns hmkvXhnI cq]w BIp-n-. {_-XXzw hmp-Ipw AXo-Xam-Ip-p. bmsXmcp in-bpsS Awiw-sImv hmWn-bn kwkm-c-in {]I-S-am-Ip- p-thm, bmsXmv hmWn-bptSbpw mXmhpw t{]c-Wbpw {]h-\hpw Bbn-cn- ppthm AXp {_-am-Ip-p. B hnj-bn tIhew C{Xbpw am{Xta ]d-bp-hm km[n-p-I-bp-q.

5. b-\km \ a\ptX tb\m-lpt\m aXw XtZh {_ Xzw hnn t\Zw bZn-Z-ap-]m-k-tX.

_pn-bp-tSbpw a\-n-tbpw hnj-b-n Fsmw Adn-bp-hm Ign- bp-pthm AXp-t]mse {]mIrX at\m-_pn-bn \npw Adn-n-p-- Xmb GsXmcp XXzs D]mkn-p-pthm AXp {_-ns hmkvX-hn-I-kz-cq-]-am-Ipn-. ]c-{_--]-c-ta-iz-c a\-n\pw _pnpw kYm 3. \ X{X NpK-Xn \ hm-Xn t\m a\x AXo-X-\m-Ip-p. bmsXmp a\-n-tbpw _pn-bp-tSbpw \ hnZvtam \ hnPm-\otam bssY-XZ-\p-in-jymXv mXm-hm-Ip-pthm Ahbvp a\\w sNp--Xn\pw A\y-tZh XZzn-Zn-Xm-ZtYm Ahn-Zn-Xm-Z[n \nbw sNp--Xn-\p-ap in \Ip-pthm AXpt]mse a\-\hpw \n-bhpw sNp--Xn \nbp--am-bnCXn ip{ipa ]qtjmw tb\-k vX-Zvh ym-N-N- n-t c. cn- p- pthm bmsXm- ns in-b psS Aev] mw-i B kn-Zm- \ ]c- a-L\ ]c-{_-s {]mIr-X--fmb n\npw _pn-bn \nbw sNp--Xn\pw a\-n Ax-Ic-W-pw C{n-b-pw Adn-bp-hm Ign- a\\w sNp--Xn-\p-ap Ign-hp-m-Ip-pthm AXt{X bp-n-. Ahbvv Ahn-Sw-hsc Fp-hm Ign-hn-. B {_w. B hnj-bn C{X-am-{Xta ]d-bp-hm-\p-q.

69

kmt-Xn-I-`m-j-bn {Kln-p--Xn-\p-thn ChnsS Kpcp, AJn-e-n-tbpw mXm-hv, in-{]-Zm-b-I, kzman, t{]c- I , {]h- I , k- i - n- a m, \nXy Ip-I-fpsS hnjbw Ip-I apJm-ncw ImWp- Fsmw A{]m-Ir-X-]-c-a-X-Xz-amb {_-s-n ]d-pIbpw Adn-bp- Ibpw sNp-Xpw D]m- k\ \S-p--Xp-amb X-n-cn-p- p. {]mIrX ]Zm-k-bw. AXp {_-ns hmkvX-hnI-cq-]w BIp-n-. ]c-{_ ]c-ta-iz-c Np-cmZn C{n- ZznXob JWvUw b-pw AXo- X- \m-Ip- p. bmsXm-ns inbpw t{]c1. bZn a\ytk kpth-tZXn Z{`-ta-hm]n W-bpw-sImp Npv BZn-bmb mt\- {n- b- X\q\w Xzw th {_tWm cq]w fpsS hnj-b - -fn kmayw {]I-Sn- n- p-pthm bZky Xzw bZky tZth-jzY \p bmsXmv Ahsb Adn-bp-Ibpw Ahsb AXm-Xp-I-fpsS aoamwkytah tX at\y hnZo-Xw. hnj- b- Adn-bp--Xn t{]cW sNep-p- Ibpw sNppthm AXp-t]mse bmsXm-ns in- bpsS Awi-amCu a{- n Kpcp Xs injys\ {i-tbm-Sp-IqSn Ip-pthm B {]`mhw {_-am-Ip-p. Cu hnj-bn hon- p-sImp ]d-bp-p. \mw apJm-ncw a\-n-em-nC{X-am-{Xta ]d-p-X-cp-hm kmy-am-Ibp-q. {_-X-Xzs {ihn-n- v. B {_s ]q-ambpw

6. b-pjm \ ]iyXn tb\ Npwjn ]iyXn XtZh {_ Xzw hnn t\Zw bZn-Z-ap-]m-k-tX.

{Kln-p-I-gnp Fp \o Xocp-am-\n-p-I-bm-sW-n \o {_- kz-cq-]s Ghpw Aev]-ambn am{Xta {Kln- n- pq FXp Xo- bmb kwK- Xn-bm-Ip-p. Fp-sIm-s- m B ]c-{_-ns Awi-`q-X-am-bn-cn-p Pohm-m-hv, bmsXmv {ih-W-]p-S--fp eo-`-hn-p-pthm AXn-s\--sbpw AYhm Fm tZh-X-I-fnepw AXmbmsXmcp {]mIr-X-hkXp-k-aq-l-m D]m-k\ sN-s- bXv a\-v, _pn, {]mW apX-em-b-hbn Aeo-\-am- v Sp-pthm AXv hmkvX-h-n {_-kz-cq-]-am-Ip-n-. ]c- bn-cn-p {_-ns Awiw-sImv AXm-Xp-Ip {_--]-c-ta-iz-c t{imt{X-{n-b--fpsS mXmhpw t{]c- {]hnp--Xn-\p Ign-hp-I Dm-bn-sm-n-cn-pI\pw AXn {ih-Win kzoI-cn-p--Xn-\p Ign- p. AXns\ \o {_w Fp Icp-Xp-I-bmsWn \ns hns \nt- ]-I\pam-bn-cn-p-pthm AXp kmm ]c- Adnhp bYm-am-Ip-n-. {_lvaw C{X-bn HXp-n{_-am-Ip-p. Cu hnj-bs kw_-nv CXn IqSp- \np-n-. Cu Pohm- m- hnepw kakvX hniz-{_-m- X-embn Hpw ]d-bp-hm-\n-. nepw hym]n-p-I n-S-p in-sbmw GtIm-]np t\mp-I-bm-sW-n AXv B {_-ns tIhew 8. bXv {]mtW\ \ {]mWnXn tb\ {]mW: Hcwiw am{Xta BIp-p-q. AXn-\m \o a\-n-em-n{]Wo-btX bn-cn-p Cu {_-XXzw \ns kw_- n-n-S-tmfw XtZh {_ Xzw hnn t\Zw bZn-Z-ap-]m-k-tX. ]p\hn-Nm-cW sNt-Xp Bh-iy-amWv Fp Rm {]mW aqew tNjvSm-bp--amb hkvXp--tfbpw Icp-Xp- p. {]mIr-X- {]m-W-\m A\p-{]m-Wn-X- amb XXz--tfbpw D]mkw_- w Kpcp-tZ-hs D]-tZ-is ASn-m-\-amn k\ sNp-Xp hmkvX-h-n {_-ns kzcq-]-a-. Nnn-nv injy At- l-ns apn Xs A`n-{]mbw ]c- {_ ]c-ta-i z- c Ah-b vs mw AXo-X -\ -t {X. {]I- S-am-p-p. bmsXmp {]mWs mXmhpw t{]c-I\pw AXn\p in \Ip--h\pw BIp-pthm bmsXm-ns in2. \mlw at\y kpth-tZXn bpsS Aev]mwiw e`n-n-,v bmsXm-ns t{]c-W-sImv t\m \ thtZXn thZ N Cu {][m\ {]mW AJn-e -tbpw tNjvS m-b p- tbm \ kvXtZzZ XtZzZ amnop-pthm AXp k-i--\mb ]c-ta-izc t\m \ thtZXn thZ N. {_-am-Ip-p. AXns\ kw_-nv C{Xbpw am{Xta ]dbp-hm Ign-I-bp- q. Cu a{-n injy Xs Kpcp-tZ-hs D]-tZ-in\npw kzw A\p-`hw C{]-Imcw {]I-S-am-p-p. kmcmwiw Fs-m {]mIr-X--fmb a\- n\pw C{nb-pw e`y-am-Ip hnj-b--sfmw {]mIr-X--fm-Ip- ""B {_s Rm \mbn Adn-bpp Fv Ah-Im-ip. AXm-bXv Ahsb ]c-{_ ]c-ta-izc ]cm-Xv]-c-]p-cp- s-Sp-n; Fm AXns\ Rm\-dn-bp-n-spw AwKotjm--as hmkvX-hn-I-kz-cq-]--fmbn AwKo-Icn-p- I- c n- p- n- . Fp- s Im- s - m Rm\-d n-b p-I bpw hm km[y- ta- b-. AXn-\m Ahsb D]m-kn-p-Xp ]c- sNpp Fn- cp- mepw Fs Cu Adnhv Hcp mXmhv {_ ]c-ta-iz-cs D]m-k-\bpw BIp-n-. a\-v, _pn GsX-nepw tb-h-kvXp-hns\ Adn-bp--Xp-t]m-ep--XapX- em-bh-bv-Xo-X- amb ]c-{_ ]c-ta-izc kzcq-]s . CXv AXn- t\-m kYm A]qhpw Aeu- In-Ihpw -

7. b-tdm-t{XW \ irtWmXn tb\ t{im{X-anZw {ipXw XtZh {_ Xzw hnn t\Zw bZnZ ap]m-ktX

70

I BIp-p. AXp-sIm-mWp Rm BZyw ""Rm\-Xns\ Adnbpp Fpw Adn-bp-n Fpw Fnepw Rm\-dn-bpp'' Fpw ]d--Xv. Fs Cu hmp-I-fpsS clkyw injym-cmb R-fn B {_s Adn- n-p--h \p icnp a\-n-em-p-hm km[n-p-p. kw_w C\n {ipXn apIfn ]d Kpcp-in-jy-kwhm-Z-ns Bibw kzbw hymJym-\n-p-p.

kw_w C\n B {_-X-Xzs CtX P-n Adnn-cn- t-Xv AXyw Bh- iy- am-Ipp Fp ]d-psImv Cu {]I-c-Ws D]-kw-l-cn-p-p.

5. Cl tNZ-thZo ZY-kXyakvXn \ tNZn-lm-th-Zo--lXo hn\jvSn: `qtXjp `qtXjp hnNnXr [ocm: t{]Xym-k vam-tm-Im-Z-arXm `h-n.

am\-h-Po- hnXw AXyw Zp- `- am-Ip- p. AXp e`n- p a\p- jy ]c- am-m-hns\ {]m]n-p--Xn\p km[-\-I-fn X-c-\m-bn-o-cp-n-s-n Ah Ghpw hep-Xmb sXp {]hn- p-p. AXp-sIm-mWp {ipXn-bn ]d-bpbmsXmcp alm-]p-cp-j ]c- {_--]- c-ta-iz-cs kmm- -Xv, "Cu Zp-`-amb a\p-jy-i-cocw \ne-\np--Xp-hsc Xvmcw {]m]n-n-cn-p-pthm Ah-\n "Rm ]c-ta-iz- `K-h-XvIr]m ISm--m {]m]vX-am-bn-cn-p km[\ cs\ Adn-n-cn-pp Fp Al-mcw Aev]-am{Xw kma-{Kn- I D]-e-_v[-am- bn-cn- p-tm F{Xbpw thKw ]ct]mepw Dm-Ip-n-. Ah ]c-am-m-hns A\-hpw am-m-hns\ Adn-bp-Xp Fm {]Im-c-nepw t{ijvT-amAko-ahpw Bb aln-am-h-n \na--\mbn "]c-am- bn-cn-pw. am\-h-P--ns ]c-a-km-IXbpw AXp-Xs- bm-Ip-p. Hcp ]t Cu kphm-h-kcw ssIhn-pmhp kzb-tah Xs Adn-b-s-Spp' Fp a\-n-emp-p. AmsX ampw Xs B alm-hns t]m-I-bm-sW-n ]noSp kw`-hn-p-Xp alm-\m-i-am-bncnpw XpS-bmbpw arXyp-a-b-kw-km-c-ns {]hml Ac IS-p-hm km[y-a-. Ako-a-bpsS koasb koamfn HgpIn \S-t-- Xmbpw hcp-p. Atm Icp _--am-b-Xn\v Fs\ {]m]n-m Ignbpw? AXm-bXv ]mm]w {]I- S n- n- p-I -b - msX ap bmsXmcp Rm {_s Adn-n-cn-p-p. Rm m\n-bm-Ipt]mwhgnIfpw Ahtijn-pn. {]]ns {Xnhn[ p, ]c-ta-iz-c F\ndnb-sp Ignp Fv BscXm]--fnepw {Xnhn[ thZ-\Ifnepw \np c- -Sp--Xnnepw Icp-Xp-p-s- n Ah kYm {`a-n AI\p Hcp Hcp t]mwhgn Pohn-I am\-h-P--n Z-Xs-pIgnncn-p-p. Fp-sIm-s-m {_w C{]tbm-Sp-IqSn km[\ ]cm-b-Wcmbn X-fpsS Pohs\ \nXyIm-c-ap m\-hn-j-b-a-. F{Xtbm m\ km[-\-I X-bn-tep thn k^e-am-n- opI F-Xm-Wv. a\pDv. Ah-bn Hn\p-t]mepw {_-ns kao-]v jy-Pw IqSmsX ap A\-h[n tbm\nIsfmw-Xs Fp--Xn\v km[n-p-n-. AXp-sImv C{]-Imcw I- ^-e- A\p-`hn-p--Xn-\mbn am{Xw {]m]vX- am-IpAdnhp km-Zn--hsc kw_-n-n-Stmfw ]c-am-mhp p. Ah-bn Pohn-Ip ]c-am-m-hns\ {]m]n-p--XnkZm Am-X-am-Ip-p. Adn- b-W-sa-p A`n-am\w \ne- \p bmsXmcp km[-\-Ifpw A\p-jvTn-p-hm km[y-a\np--Xp-hsc ]c-ta-iz-cs kmmXvImcw e`yam-Ip- . _pn-am-m-cmbh Cu kwKXn a\-n-em-p-Ibpw n-. Adn-bW-sa-p A`n-am\w Aev]-am{Xw t]mep-an- Ah AXnqSn ]c- am-m- hns kmm-XvImcw {]m]nv m `mKy-hm-m-cmb alm-]pcpjmp ]c-ta-iz-cs Fs-t-p-ambn P\\ acW N{I-n\npw tamN\w kmm-Xvmcw e`yam-Ip-p. t\Sn Aa-c-m-cm-bn-o-cp-Ibpw sNp-p.

3. bkym aXw Xky aXw aXw bky \ thZ k: Ahn-mXw hnPm-\Xmw hnm-Xa-hn-Pm-\ -X mw.

4. {]Xn-t_m-[-hn-ZnXw aX-a-ar-XXzw ln hntX B\m hntX hocyw hnZybm hn-tX-arXw.


D]-cyp--amb h-\-n ]c-am-m-hns GXp kzcq-] s ey-a m- n-b m-b n-c n- p- pthm AXns\ Ghpw \mbn a\-n-em-p--Xm-Ipp hmkvX-hn-I-amb m\w. Xzmcm ]c-am--{]m-]Xnbpw e`y-am-Ip-p. ]c-amv -m\ {]Zm- bn- \n-bmb m\-cq- ]-in A- cym- an- bmb ]c-am-m-hn-\m a\p-jyp e`n-p-p. a{--fnepw hnZy-I-fnepw \nv Aar-X-cq-]am-Ip ]c-{_--ns {]m]vX n e`n- p- p. Xqew a\p-j y- c n ]c-{ _ ]pcptjm-as bYm kzcq-]s Adn-bp- -Xn- \p A`n-cp-Nnbpw Dm-lhpw hn-p-sIm-n-cnpw Fp ]d-b-s-n- cn-p- p.

XrXo-b -JWvU w
kw_w {]Ya JWvU-n {_-ns kzcq-]XXzw a\-n-em-p--Xn-\p-thn AXns in-bpsS kmt-XnI `mj-bn hn`n {]Im- c-n ZnKvZi\w sNs-n-cn-p-p. cm-as JWvU-n {_-m-\ns t{ijvT- X- sb-n ]d-bp--Xn-\p-thn {]Y-a-{]-I-cW-ns h-\-I-tfmSv H-t\m-n {_-ns kzcq]w Fns\ tXm-s-Sp-pthm hmkvX-h-n AXns ]q-cq]w A{X-bvsmpw Bbn-cn-p-n; AXm-Is AXns aln-a-bpsS Awiw am{Xta BIp-pq. Pohm-m-hv, a\-v, {]mW, C{n-b apX-em-bhbpw Ah-bpsS tZh-X-Ifpw Fmw-Xs {_-n

71

I \npw A\p-{]m-Wn-Xhpw t{]cn-Xhpw in-apw Bbn


Imcy-am{X {]k---fmbn hn-p-p. aqm-as JWvU-n hniz-n GtXXp PohnItfm ]Zm-tfm in-apw kp-chpw {]nb-s-Xp-ambn tXmp-p-thm, Ah-bpsS Pohn-X-n ImW-sSp k^-e-X-Isfmw Xs aln-X-s-bm-Ip-p-shp ZrjvSm-- aqew {Kln-n-p-p.

Cu Imcy-km-y-n\v An Ign-hp--h-\m-sWp Iv At- l- tmSp ]dp: "Atbm PmX- th- Zm, Ap t]mbn B bw Bcm-sW-p hnhcw Adn-p-sIm-p-h-mepw.'' Anp Xs _pn-i-n-bn A]m-c-amb Kpm-bn-cp-p. AXp-Im-cWw Atlw ]d-p, "\-Im-cyw, Rm\p-S Xs hnhcw Adn-p-h-cmw.'

1. {_l tZtht`ym hnPntKy Xky l {_ tWm hnPtb tZhm Aa-lo-b X sF- mkvam Ita-hmbw hnPtbm kvamIta-hmbw aln-ta-Xn.

4. XZ-`y-{Z-hXv Xa-`y-h-ZXv tImkoXy-nhm Al-a-kvao-Xy-{_-ho-m-X-thZm hm Al-k va o-Xn.


CXn FmWp {]bm-k-ap--sXv An-tZ-h Nnn-p. AXn-\m Atlw AXn-thKw b-ns kao-]p sNp-tNp. At-ls Xs kao]w Inp bw tNmZn-p. ""Am-cm- Ipp?'' Atm An hnNm-cnp; Fs tXtPm-a-b-cq-]s Fm-hcpw Adn-bp-Xm-Wsm? Ch-\-s\ Fs Adn-bp-hm Ign-n-n. Atlw sNmSn-p-sIm-p-cw ]d-p. ""Rm {]kn-\mb An-bm-Ip-p. Fs ]Z-hn-tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bXpw clky-]q-hp-amb \maw PmX-th-Z Fm-Ip-p.

]c-{_ ]pcp-tjm--a tZh-m-cn Ir]-bp--h-\mbnv Ahp in {]Zm\w sNbvXp. AXp ImcWw Ah Akp-c- m-cpsS ta hnPbw hcn-p. Cu hnPbw hmkvXh-n `K-hm-t-Xp-X-s-bm-bn-cp-p. tZh-X-I tIhew \nanw am{Xta Bbn-cp-p-q. Fm B hkvXpX tZh-m AwKo-I-cn-n-. Ah `K-hms Ir]sb AwKoI-cn-msX B aln-asb X-fpsS Ignhpw aln-abpw kw_w Atm b- cq-]-amb {_w An-tbmSp Fp Icp-Xnbpw AXyw Al-m-c-tm-Sp-IqSn X tNmZnp henb _e- im-en- I-fm- sWpw X-fp-tS- Xmb _e-]u-cpjw 5. Xkvan-kvXzbn Inw hocy-an-Xn. A]oZw kw sImmWv Akp-c -msc ]cm-P-b -s-Sp- n-b -sXpw Ztl-bw, bZnZw ]rYn-hym-an-Xn. `mhn-p. An-bpsS Ktmn tInp {_w Hpw Adn-p2. Xssjw hnPvu tXt`ym l Iq-Sm--X- h-s\-tmse ]dp "\-Xv. Av An-tZ-h{]mZp_-`qh Xbpw PmX-th-Z\pw BW-tm. hfsc \ Imcyw. Fm X hyPm-\X InanZw b-an-Xn. F\np Nne-sXmw Adn-b-W-sa-p-v. Zb-hp-sNbvXp ]dtZh- X-I-fpsS Al-m- cs Icp- Wm-\n-[n-bmb `K-hm p-X-m sImmw.'. ""\n-fn Fp in-bm-Wpa\-n-em-n. Cu Almcw hf-cp-I-bm-sW-n Ah-cpsS Xv? \nsp sNm Ignbpw?'' CXn\v An-tZ]X\w Xo-bmbpw kw`-hnpw F `-Ieym-W-Im-cn- h Ktm-Sp-IqSn adp-]Sn ]dp F\n-s-p-sN-pbmb `K-hm hnNm-cn-p. `-h--e-\mb `K-hm\p `- hm Ign-bp-satm? CX-dn-bp-hm \n-fm-{K-ln-p-p, m-cpsS ]X\w Fs\ kln- p-hm Ignbpw? AXn-\m As? tl' Rm a\p hbvp-I-bm-sW-n Cu `qa`K-hm tZh-m-cn Icp-W-bp--h\mbn Ah-cpsS Zw WvU-e-tbpw AXn-ep Fm hkvXp--tfbpw Icnp ian-n-p--Xn-\p-thn Ah-cpsS apn Znhy-km-Im-c-b- Nmq-m-c-ambn amp-hm Ign-bpw. - cq-]-n {]Xy--\m-bn. tZh-m B-cy-N-In-X-cm-bn. B ApX hnim-e-cq-]s ImWp-Ibpw Cu Znhy-bw Fv Fp Nnn-p-Ibpw sNbvXp. Fm Ahv AXns\ Xncn--dn-bp-hm Ign-n-.

An-tZ-h-X-bpsS hop-ap Ktm-n-I tItZh- m B AXn-hn-N n{X alm-Im-b-amb Znhy-b - tm b-cq-]-[m-cn-bmb ]c-{_ ]c-ta-iz-c At-ls Inv B-cn-I-ambn `b-s-Sp-Ibpw AXns\ ns apn-tebvv Hcp DW--pv Cp-sIm-Sp-pAdn-bp--Xn\p hy{K-cm-bn-o-cp-Ibpw sNbvXp. An-tZ- sImp ]dp ""Atbvv Fm-n-t\bpw Zln-nhX ]c-a-tX-P-kznbpw thZm-- fpsS mXmhpw Fm p- h m Ign- b p- a - s m. \nm- c - a mb Hcp _e- { ]PmX-]-Zm-fp- tSbpw hnhc Adn-bp- -h\pw k- tbmKwsImv Cu XrWs Pzen-n-m-epw.'' An-tZ-h -cn k-\pw BWv. AXn-\m At-lns CXp X\n-sm-c-]- am-\-am-bn- -cp- Xn-sb-nepw km[m-cW coXn]Z-hn-tbm-Sp-Iq-Snb \maw "PmX- th- Z' Fm-Ip-p. tZh- I bn B ]pns kao]w Fn AXns\ `kva-am-p--

3. tXna{_p-h-RvPm-XthZ GXZv hnPm-\oln InanZw b-anXn XtY-Xn.

6. Xkvssa XrWw \nZ-[m-th-X--tl-Xn. XZp-] -t{]- b m-b -k Pth-\, X iimI ZKv[pw kXX Gh \nhr tX, ss\X-Z-iIw hnmXpw btZ-XZv b-an-X n.

72

K I Xn-\m-{K-ln-p. Bcw-`-n AXp `kva-am-Im-Xn-cp--Xp-Iv X-s-bt? hfsc \ Imcyw. Fm A-bn Fp


Atlw Xs kIe inbpw hn\n-tbm-Kn-p. ]s AXn\v Aev]w-t]mepw NqSv Gev]n-p-hm-\-t-l-n\p Ignn-. AsX-s\ NqSp-]n-Snpw? An-bn-ep AnXzhpw Zml-I-Xzhpw AXns in-bpsS aqe-`WvUm-Km-camb ]c-am-m-hn\npw e`y-am-bn-p--Xm-W-sm. AhnSpv B in-t{km-X-ns\ XS-bp-I-bm-sW-n ]ns FhnsS \np in-hcpw? An-tZ-h CsXmpw {KlnmsX hon-f- p-I-bm-bn-cpp sNbvX-Xv. Fm {_w Xs insb XS-p-Ign--tm Anv Hcp DW-p-n-s\-tmepw Icn-p-hm km[n-n-. Atm ebm Ip\n inc- p-ambn lX- {]-\pw lX- {]- `- \p-ambn An tZh-I-fpsS ASp- sNnp ]d-p. ""B bw Bcm-sWv F\n--dn-bp-hm Ign-n-.'' in-bpv? Atbvv Fp sNp-hm Ignbpw? Fp ]dp tIn-m sImmw. CXn\v hmbphpw An-tb-tmse hopw Al-m-c-tm-Sp-IqSn adp-]Sn ]dp ""Rm hnNm-cn-m Cu `qa-WvU-esbpw AXn-ep kI-e-tbpw bmsXm-cm-[m-chpw IqSmsX Dbp-Ibpw ]d-p-Ibpw sNmw.''

10. Xkvssa XrWw \nZ-[m-th-X-Zm-Z-tz-Xn. XZp]t{]bmb k-P-th\ X iim-Im-Zm-Xpw, k XX Gh \nh-hr-tX, ss\XZiIw hnPvRmXpw btZ-XZv b an-Xn.

hmbp-tZ-hs hop-ap Ktm-n-I tIv Fmn\pw kmb in \In-sm-n-cn-p ]c-{_ ]c- ta-iz-c At- l-ns ap]nepw Hcp DW--pv Cp7. AY hmbp-a-{_p-h hmb-th-XZv sIm-Sp-p-sImp ]d-p. ""Atbvv Fm-n-t\bpw hnPm-\oln Inta ]d-n--f-bp-hm Ign-bp-a-tm. Aev]w _ew {]tbm-Knv XZv b-anXn XtY-Xn. Cu DW--p-ns\ Aev]w ]d-X-n-m-Wn-m \m-bnAn-tZ-h ]cm-P-bsp aS-n-h--tm tZh-I cp-p.''hmbp-tZ-h\v Cu hmp-I Xs A]-am-\n-p-ICu Imcy-km-y-n-\mbn A{]-Xn-a-i-n-bmb hmbp-`-K- bm-sWp tXmn. Fnepw km[m-c-W-co-Xn-bn B hms\ Xnc- s-Sp- nv At-l- tmSp ]d-p. ""Atbm ]pns kao]w sNv AXns\ ]d-p--Xn\v B{K-lnhmbp-tZh! Ap-t]mbn Cu bw Bcm-sW-p Fm- p. ]pp ]d- m-Xn-cp- -tm Xs ]q-amb in hn\nhn-h-c-fpw Adnp hm-epw. ""hmbp `K-hm\pw Xs tbm-Knp ]cn-{i-an-p-t\mn. Fm k-i-n-am-\mb _pn-ssh-`-h-n Aan-X-amb Al-m-c-ap-m-bn-cp-p. ]c-am-m-hn-\m in XS-b-s--Xp-Im-cWw hmbp-hn\v AXn-\m Atlw ]dp ""\ Imcyw. DS Xs Aev] w-t]mepw AXp Nen- n- p- -X n\p Ign- n- . Rm hnh-c-a-dn-bmw.'' hmbphpw An-sb-tmse Xs lX-{]-`\m-bn, esImv apJw Xmgvn, ap tZh-X-I-fpsS kao-]-sa-n-bnp 8. XZ-`y-{Z-hXv Xa-`y-h-ZXv tImkoXn. hmbphm ]d-p. ""Cu b-am- cm-sWp a\- n-em- p-hm F\np Al-a-kvao-Xy-{_-ho- m-Xc nizm hm Ign-n-.''

Al-a -k va o- Xn.

hmbp-tZ-h Nnn-p, ""An, Adn-bmsX FhnsSsb nepw t]mbn-cn-pw. As-n Cu bs a\-n-emp-Xv A{X-h-enb kwK- Xn-bm-bn-cptm? icn, Cu hnPb-ns am\yX F\np Xs e`n-pw.'' Cs\ Nnnp-sImp b- ns kao- ]-sa- n- tp. At-ls kao- ]p I-tm bw tNmZnp ""Xm BcmWv?'' hmbp Xs KpW-Ku-ch-fpsS Ktm-Sp-IqSn adp-]Sn - ]dp: ""Rm {]kn--\mb hmbp BIp-p, Fs ]Zhn-tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bXpw cl-ky-]q-hp-amb t]cv amX-cnizm Fm-W.v

11. AtY-{-a-{_p-h aL-h -t-X Zv hnPm-\ oln Inta-XZv b-an-Xn. XtYXn XZ-`y-{Z-h-Xv. XkvamXv XntcmZt[.

An, hmbp apX-emb A{]-Xn-a-i-n-Ifpw _pn-k--m-cp-amb tZh-m Ak-^-e-cmbn aS-n-h-cn-Ibpw bmsXmcp Imc-Whpw ]d-bm-Xn-cn-p-Ibpw sNbvX -tm tZh-X-I Nnn- nv tZh-cm- P-\mb C{s\ Cu Imcy-ns \n-l -W - n-\mbn sXcsSp-p. Ah At-ltmSp ]d-p ""Atbm alm-_-ehm-\mb tZh-cmPm! C\n Av t]mbn Cu bw Bcm-sW-p kIe hnhc-fpw Adnp hm-epw. At-b-msX ampw v kw_w b-c q-] n-b mb {_w hmbp-h n-t\mSp Cu Imcy-n hnP-bw-h-cn-p-hm km[y-a-.'' C{ tNmZnp ""hfsc \Xv'' Fp ]dv AXn-thKw b- ns kao9. Xkvanw-kvXzbn Inw hocy-anXn? A]oZw k ]-t-bvp-t]m-bn. C{ AhnsS Fn-b-tm-tgbvpw bw At-l-ns apn \np ad-p-I- gn- n-cp-p. amZ-Zo-bw, bZnZw ]rYn-hym-an-Xn. C{-t\mSp ap tZh-X-I-tfm-Sp--Xnepw _lp-am-\-ap-m-bnhmbp-hns ta{]-Im-c-ap Ktmn tInv {_w cp--Xp-sImv At-l-tmSp kwkm-cn-p-hm-\p AhCt- l- tmSpw AXp- t]m-se- Xs Hpw Adn-p- Iq-Sm kcw t]mepw bw sImSp-n-. Fm C{ Cu `mh-n ]d- p. sImmw, Av hmbp-tZ-h-\m-Wsm? Hcp tZmjw Hgn-m asm hn[- nepw {_- m-\-n\v A-co--n B[m-c-an-msX k-cn-p--h Ap- A[n-Im-cn-bm-bn-cp-p. AXn-\m At-l-n\p {_-X-Xz-

73

I m-t\m-]tZiw \evtI-Xv Hcp Bh-iy-amWv Fp IcpXn, AXn-\p hyh--I sNp--Xn-\mbn Atlw kzbw A[m\w sNbvXp.

12. k Xkv a n- t - h mImti kv { Xnbam PKm- a _plptim`am \mapamw ssla- h Xow Xmw tlmhmN Inta-XZv b-an-Xn.
bw Am\w sNbvXp Ignnpw C{ AhnsS-s \np-I-bm-bn-cp-p. An-tbtbm hmbp-hnt\tbm t]mse Ahn- s S- \ npw aS- n-t m- I p- n- . XWw bw \nn-cp AtX m\v AXyw tim`m-a-bn-bmb lnam-Ne Ipamcn Dam-tZhn {]Xy--s-p. \np--Xmbn C{ Ip. Dam-tZ-hnsb I-tm C{ tZhn-bpsS kao-]-tbvp sNp. C{-t\mSp IcpW-tXm- n, Icp-Wm- a-b-\mb ]c-{_ ]pcp- tjm- -a Xs Dam-cq-]-n-ep kmm {_-hn-Zysb {]Xy--s-Spn- b-Xm-bn-cp-p. C{ `n- ]p-c-cw Ah- tcmSp ]dp ""`K-hXn! Av k intcm-a-Wn-bmb Cuiz-c {ioics kzcq-]-i-n-bm-Ip-p. AXn-\m Fm kwKXn-I-tfbpw Xo-bmbpw Adn-bp-hm Ign-bpw. Ap Ir]m- ]qw FtmSv Acp-fn- s- bXm-epw. ""F\nv Zi\w v \In-bnv Av DS ad-p-t]mb B Znhy-bw BcmsWpw Fp-t-i-tm-Sp-IqSn {]Xy-- s-p-shpw ]db- tW.''

am-\zn-Xcpw in-am-m-cp-ambn `hn-pthm B ]cm-i-nbpsS aln-asb Adn-p-sIm-p-hn. {_-ns inbm-em-sX, X-fp-tS-Xmb kzX{ in-bm Fsnepw sNp-hm Ignbpw Fp kz]v\-nt]mepw Nnn-p-t]m-I -c pXv! Dam-tZ-h n-b psS adp-] -Sn-bn\np kmm ]c-{_--]-c- ta-iz- cX-s- bm-bn-cpp X- fpsS apn b-cq-]-n {]Xys--sXp tZh-m-cn {]Y-a-\mb C{\p a\-n-em-bn.

2. XkvamZzm GtX tZhm AXn-X -c m-an-h m-\ ym- tZhm bZKv\ nhm-b p-c n-{ kv tX tly\-t ZnjvTw ]kv]ipkvtX tly\Xv {]Ytam hnZm-Imc {_t-Xn.
tZh-X-I-fn An, hmbp, C{ Chsc ]c-a-t{i-jvTm-cmbn IW-m-- Ww. Fp-sIm- s- m Ah aqpt]cpw {_s kv]inp Ign-n-cn-p-p. ]c-{_ ]c-am-m-hn Zi-\-n-tbpw At-ls ]cn-Nb-sSp--Xn-\p ]cn-{i-a-n apgp-In-bn-cp--Xntdbpw Atl- tmSp hmm-em]w sNbvXXntbpw ]ca ku`mKyw Ahp am{Xw e`y-am-bn. X bmsXm1-ns\ Zinpthm bmsXm- n- t\mSp hmm- em]w \S- ntbm bmsXmns in-bm Xkp-cp-m-cp-sS-ta hnPbw ssIh-cnpthm AXp-Xs kmm ]c-{_-]-c-am-mhv F kXyw Ah BZyw {Kln-p.

kmcmwisas-m ku`m-Ky-im-en-Ifmb alm-]p-cpj-m GsX- nepw Imc-W-h-i m `K-h ms Znhy-k1. km {_tXn tlmhm-N. {_tWm hm GX w e`y-am-p-p. At-l-ns Zi-\w, kv]i-\w, ZznPtb alo-b-[z-an-Xn, XtXm sslh hnZzm-- At-l-tmSp hmm-em]w sNp--Xn-\p Ah-kcw Imc {_t-Xn. Ch-sbmw Ahp Inp-p. Cu a{-n At-ltZh- cm-Ps tNmZy- n-\p--c-am- bnv Dam- tZhn C{]- Imcw ns alna C{m-Zn-tZ-h-m-cpsS DZm-l-c-Ww-sImp adp-]Sn ]d-p. ""\n IXpw Ctm Am\w hy-am- n-bn-cn-p- p. sNbvXXp-amb B Znhy-bw kmm ]c-{_ ]c-ta- kw_w Cu aqp-tZ-h-X-Ifn An-tbbpw hmbpiz-c Xs Bbn-cp-p. \n Akp-c-m-cpsS ta hn-t\bpw At]-np tZh-cm-P-\mb C{ t{ijvT-\mhcn hnPbw B {_-ns in-sImp kw`-hn-- sWp ]d-bpp Xm-b n-cp-p. AXm-bXv hmkvX -h-n AXv ]c-{_-3. XkvamZv hm Ct{mXnX-cm-an-hm-\ym tZhm ns hnPbw Xs-bm-bn-cp-p. \n AXn-s\mcp k tly\-t-Znjv Tw ]kv] i, k tly\Xv ImcWw am{Xta Bbn- cp-p-q. \n-fm-Is {_-ns {]Ytam hnZm--Imc {_t-Xn. Cu hnP-bs kzw hnP-bambn Icp-Xp-Ibpw AXns aln-asb X-fpsS aln-a-sbp Icp-Xp-Ibpw sNbvXp. Anpw hmbp-hn\pw b-cq-]-n {]Xy--s CXp \nfp Zpclmc-am-bn-cp-p. ]ca Imcp-Wn-I\mb {_-ns Zi-\hpw hmm-em] ku`m-Kyhpw Inn]c-am-mhv \n-fp-sS-ta IcpW tXmn Akp-c- m-cp-sS- bn-cp-p. Fm Ahv AXns kzcq-]-m\w e`nta \np hnPbw \In. B ]c-am-m-hp-Xs n-. `K-hXn Dam-tZ-hn-bn\nv Ghpw BZyw C{\v \n-fpsS \-bp-thn \n-fpsS Zpc-l-m-cs ian- k-i-n-am-\mb ]c-{_--]p-cp-tjm--as XXz-s-v n-p--Xn\p bs cq]w [cnp {]Xy--s-Sp-Ibpw n-bp m\-ap-m-bn. XZ-\-cw C{ ]d--Xp-sImAn-bp-sSbpw hmbp-hn-tbpw Kw ian-n-p-Ibpw mWv Ahpw B m\w Dm-b-Xv. AXn\p tijw AXp- t]mse \np hmkvX- hn-I-m\w \Ip- - Xn\v Ch-cn\npw ap tZh-I B bw kmm ]cFs t{]cn-n-p-Ibpw sNbvX n-cn-p-p. AXn-\m {_--]-c-ta-iz-c Xs- bm-bn-cp-p. F kXyw a\-n-em\n kzw hmkvX-hnI in-sb-p Al-mcw n. Ans\ Hmtcm-cp--cn\npw tIp-tI-mWv HmtcmssIsh-Snv GsXmcp {_- ns aln- a-bn\np aln- cp-cpw bmYmyw a\-n-em-n-b-Xv. Ahp ]c-ta-

NXp-JWvU w

74

I iz-c-t\mSv kwkm-cn-p--Xnt\m At-l-ns XXzs


{Kln-p--Xnt\m Ign-n-. AXp-Im-cWw AJn-e-tZ-h-XI-fnepw Anbpw hmbphpw C{\pw kt{ijvT-mcmbn KWn--s-Sp-p. ImcWw Cu aqp-t]pw {_Zi-\hpw XXz-m-\-]Xnbpw e`y-am-bn. Fm Ghpw v BZyw C{ At-l-ns XXzs {Kln-Xn-\m C{ k-t{i-jT-\mbn am\n--s-Sp-p. v kw_w C\n apI-fn ]d {_-X-Xzs B[nssZ-hn-IZr-jSm-w-aqew a\-n-em-p-p. v

Ign a{-n B[n-ssZhnI ZrjvSn-tbm-Sp-IqSn ]d-bs Imcyw Xs CXn Bym-nI ZrjvSn-bn ]d-bs- n-cn-p- p.

kw_w C\n B {_- ns D]m- k\m {]Im- c- fpw AXns ^e-fpw ]d-bpp:

6. X XZz\w \ma XZz-\-an-Xyp-]m-kn-Xhyw k b GXtZhw thZm-Zn-ssl\w kmWn `qXm\n kw hmRvO-n.


B\--kz-cq-]-\mb ]c-{_ ]c-ta-iz-c Fm-hpw AXyw {]nb--c-\m- Ip- p. Fm Pohn- Ifpw Hmtcmtcm coXnbn At-ls B{K- ln-p-p. Fm Xncn--dn-bp-n. AXp-Im-cWw kpJ-ns cq]-n At-ls At\z-jn-p-sIm-WavSv ZpxJ-kz-cq-]--fmb hnj-b--fn Ae-p-Xn-cn-p-sIm-n-cn-p-p. At-ls {]m]n-phm Ign-bp-n-. Cu clkyw a\-n-emn km[-I B ]c-{_--]c-am-m-hns\ Poh\p Xpeyw {]nb-am-bn--cpXn AXns\ \nXyhpw AN-ehpw Aa-ehpw A\-hpw Bb ]c-am-\ kzcq-]s Nnnp Ign-bWw. C{]-Imcw sNbvXp- sNbvXv B\ kzcq- ]- \mb ]c-am- m-hns kmmXvmcw {]m]n- p-tm Ah kzbw B\- - a- b-\m- bn-ocp-p. AXm-bXv PK-nse Fm {]mWn-Ifpw Ahs\ X-fpsS Bo-b-am-bn--cpXn Ahs\ lrZ-bw-K-a-ambn kvt\ln-m XpS-p-p.

4. Xsskyj BtZtim btZ-XZv hnZyptXm hyZypXZm CXo-y-ao-an-jZm CXy-[n-ssZ-h-Xw.


km[-Is lrZ-b-n {_w kmm-XvI-cn--s-Sp-Xn-\p Xo{hm-`n-emjw In-z-en-ptm `K-hm Ahs DXv- WTsb Hp-IqSn Xo{hhpw D-S-hp- am-pv -Xn-\p-thn hnZypXv {]Imiw t]msebpw Ip Nnp-Xp-t]m-sebpw Xs kzcq-]ns Wn-I-amb Hcp Zi\w \In-bnv Hfn- p-I-f-bp- p. ]qtm--amb BJym-\-n C{]-Imcw Xs C{s apn \npw Znhy-b-- ns Am-\s CXp kqNn-n-p-p. km[-Is Iap]ntem AY- hm, lrZ-b-tZ-i- ntem BZy-ambn `K-hms kmIm-ctam \ncm-Im-ctam Bb cq]Zi\w As- n A\p-`hw Dm-Ip-tm Ah B\mcy--fm NIn-X-\m-bn-o-cp-p. Xm-c-Wm Ahs lrZ-b-n Xs Bcm-y-tZ-hs\ \nccw Ip-sIm- n-cn-p--Xn\pw A\p-`- hn-p-sIm-n-cn-p-Xn\pw A\n-hm-cyhpw D-S-hp-amb A`n-emjw Dev]-am-Ip-p. ]ns Ah\p W-t\-c-t-p-t]mepw CjvSkmmXvmcw IqSmsX imn e`n-p-n-. Cu kwKXn Xs Cu a{-n B[n-ssZ-hn-I-amb DZm-lcWw sImp hy-am-n-bn-cn-p-p. kw_w C\n Cu kwKXn Xs Bym-nI `mhn shfn-s-Sp-pp

7.

D]-\n-jZw t`m {_qlo-X yp- mX D]-\n-jZv {_mow hmh X D]-\n-j-Z-{_qta-Xn.

5. AYm-ymw btZ-X-ZvK--Xoh N at\mt\\ ssNX-Zp-]-kva-c-Xy-`ovW w kev]x


bmsXmcp km[-I\p Xs a\v Bcm-y-tZ-h-X-bmb {io`-K-hms kao]w hsc Fn-t-Xmbn A\p-`-h-sSp-pthm Ah Xs a\-nqSn `K-hms \nKpWtam kKp-Wtam Bb GXp kzcq-]s Nnn-p-Ibpw AXns {]Xy-m-\p-`qXn Dm-hp-Ibpw sNp-pthm Atm kzm`m-hn-Iam-bn-s Ah AXn eo\-\mbn-o-cp-p. ]ns Ah\p Xs CjvS-ssZ-h-ns W-t\- c-t- p- t]m- ep- ap hnkvarXn kln- p-hm Ignbp--X-. B kabw Ah AXyw hymIp-eX-tbmSp IqSn-b-h- \m-bn-o-cp-p. Ah \ntXy-\, \nc--c-ambn t{]a]qw AXns\ kvacn-p-Ibpw kzlr-Z-bn Xs CjvS-ssZ-hs {]m]n-p- -Xn\v A\n-hm-cyhpw D- S-hpamb A`n-e mjw D-h -\ m-b n- o-c p-I bpw sNp- p.

Kpcp-tZ-h- \n \npw kmt-XnI `mj-bn {_-hnZym kw_-n-bmb t{ijvtTm-]-tZ-i- {ihn-npw injy\v AXp ]q-cq-]n lrZn--am-p-hm Ign-n-. AXn-\m Ah C{]-Imcw {]mn-p. ""`K-h mt\! F\nv D]-\n-jZv cl-ky-a-bn-bmb {_-hnZy D]-tZ-in-pX-m-epw.'' AXn\p Kpcp-tZ-h ]d-p, ""h! \mw \n\p {_-hnZy D]-tZ-inp XpI-gn-p. \ns tNmZyns D-c-ambn "t{im{Xky t{im{Xw' apX XpSn apI-fn ]d-n-cn-p a{- hsc bmsXm-p-]-tZin-n-cn-p-pthm AXp \o ZrV-ambn {Kln-p-sIm-p-I. AXp \n-b -ambpw cl-ky-a-bn-bmb {_-h n-Zy-bpsS D]tZiw Xs- bm-Ip-p. kw_w {_-hn-Zy-bpsS {ih-W-am-{X- bns {_-kz-cq-]-ns clkyw a\-n-em-p-hm km[n-pn-. AXn\p {]tXyI km[-\-I-fpsS Bhiyw Dm-Ipp. AXn-\m C\n B {][m\ km[-\- Isf hn-pp

8. Xssky Xt]m Za: ItXn {]XnjvTm thZm: kmwKm\n kXy-am-b-X -\w.


hmbnp ]Tn-v, Dcp-hnv {_-m-\n-bm-bn-op; CXv {_-hn-Zysb ]cn-lkn-epw kzbw h-\bn-e-Is-S-ep-am-Ip-p. {_-hn-Zy-bm-Ip {]mkm-Z-ns ASnd Xm]w, Zaw, Iw apX-emb km[-\-Ifm-Ip-p. Ch-

75

I bpsS ta cl-ky-a-bn-bmb {_-hnZy A[n-jvTn-X-am-bn-

apI-fn ]d-n-cn-p {]Im-c-n bmsXm-cp- cn-pw. bmsXmcp km[-I kz[-]cn-]m-e-\ n-\p- D]-\n-jZv cq]-amb {_-hn-Zy-bpsS cl-ky-s {Kln-pthn AXn-I-Tn-\--fmb IjvS-X-Isf kljw kzmKXw pthm AXm-bXp XZ\pk-c-W-amb km[-\-I-fn hym]rsNn-n--tbm, bmsXm-cp- a\-n-t\bpw C{n-b- X- \m-bn-cn-p-pthm Ah kakvX ]m]sf ]c-am-tfbpw \mbn kzm[o- \n- s-Sp-p- n- - tbm, bmsXm-cp- kmmXvm-c- n\v {]Xn-_---fmbn \np kIe \njvIm- a- `m-h-tm-Sp- IqSn A\m- k- - \mbn hm{ia-[- ip`m-ip` I--tfbpw \ntjw \in-nv \nXyhpw sf A\p-jvTn- p-n- tbm Ah\p {_-hn-Zy-b psS k-t{i-jvT-hp-amb ]c-a-[m-a-n nXn-sN-pw. HcnbYm-c-lkyw Adn-bp-hm km[n-p-n; Fp-sIm- epw Ah\v AhnsS \np aS-t--Xmbn hcp-n-. s-m Ahsb {Kln- pXn\p {][m\ B[m- c- Ah Fs-t-bp-ambn AhnsS {]Xn-jTn--s-Sp-p. v v Ch-bm-Ip-p. Iq-n thZw B {_-hn-Zy-bpsS Fm ChnsS "{]Xn-jTXn' F ]Z- ns ]p\-cp-m-cWw {Kv AwK-- fp-am-sWpw Adn-n- cn--Ww. thZ-n-s- k-am-]vXn-bpsS kqN\ Xs-bm-Ip-p. AtXm-sSmw D]bm-Ip-p, {_-hn-Zy-bpsS AwK-{]-Xyw-K--fpsS hymJym- tZ-i-ns \nn-X- Xz-tbpw {]Xn-]m-Zn-p-p. \w. AXp- sImp thZs AXn- hn-i-Z-amb coXn- bn Ayb\w sNp-Ibpw kXy-kz-cq-]- ]-c-ta-iz-c AXm-bXv {XnIme-_m-[n-X-\mb kn-Zm-\--L\ ]ctaiz-c, B {_-hn- imn- ] mTw Zy-bpsS ]c-a-amb A[n-jvTm-\hpw B{i-b-a-m-\-hpw, ]cHmw B]ym-bp aam-MvKm\n hmIv {]mW-px a-e-yhpw BIp-p. AXn-\m B {_s eyamn bmsXm-cp- thZm-\p-k-c-W-ambn X]w, Zaw, t{im{X-atYm _e-an-{n-bmWn N km-Wn, kw \njvIm-a-Iw CXp-I sNp-pthm Ah\p am{Xta {_u ]\n-jZw amlw {_ \ncmIpcymw am aw {_-hn-Zy-bpsS k-kz-amb ]c-{_ ]pcp-tjm--as\ {_-\n-cm-I-tcm-Xv, A\n-cm-I-c-W-a-kvXz-\n-cm-I-cWw takvXp. XZm- \n \nc tX b D ]- \ n- j p {]m]n-p-hm kmy-am-Ip-I-bp-q.

9. tbm hm GXm-tahw thZm-]-lXy ]m]vam-\ -a-\ t kztK temtI tPytb {]Xn-Xn-jvTXn {]Xn-X n-j vT -X n.

[mkvtX abn kp tX abn kp. Hmw imnx imnx imnx

(CXns Aw Cu D]-\n-j-ns Bcw-`-n sImSp-n-p- v.)

1
imn- ] mTw

aptIm]-\n-jv

Cu D]-\ n-jv AY-th-Znse iu\-I o-im-Jbns--Xm- W.v

kzkvXn \kvXmtym Acn-jvS-t\anx kzkvXn t\m _rl-kvX-]nZ-[m-Xp. Hmw imnx ! imnx ! imnx !!!
Kpcp-Ip-e-n Ay-b\w \S-p injy kzw Kpcp, kl-]m-Tn-I am\-h-k-ap-Zmbw Fn-h-cpsS \sb Nnn- p-sImp tZh- I- tfmSp {]mn-p- p. Atbm tZhK-W--tf, R kzw ImXp-IfnqSn awK-f-I-c-fmb hN-\ tI-tW. \n, apJ-kXp-Xn, AkXyw v AYhm ap ]m]-I-c--fmb Imcy- Fnh R-fpsS I--fn ]Xn-msX R-fpsS kzw PohnXw bmK-

Hmw `{Zw It`nx {iWp-bma tZhm `{Zw ]tiyam- `n-b-P{Xmx nssc-c-MvssK-k vXp-j vSphmw kkvX-\q`nhytia tZh-lnXw bZmbpx kzkvXn \ Ct{m hr-{ihmx kzkvXn \x ]pjm hniz-thZmx

76

I ]-cm-b-W-ambn `hn--tW. R kZm `K-hms Bcm-[\-b n hym]r-X -c m-b n-c n- -W -ta. I- sImp tIpI am{X-a-msX t\{X-sImp kZm awKfw Zin-p-Ibpw sN-W-ta. GsX-nepw Aaw-K-e-Im-cntbm AYhm \mi-n- tebvp \on-sm-n-cnptXm Bb ImgvN-I-fn-tev R-fpsS ZrjvSn-I Hcn-epw BIjn-s-Sm-Xn-cn--tW. R-fpsS ico-chpw Hmtcmtcm Ahb-h-fpw kpZr-Vhpw kp]p-jvShpw Bbn- o-c-tW. AXpw `K-hms\ kvXpXn-p--Xn-\p-thn am{X-am-tI-W-ta. R-fpsS Bbpv t`mK-hn-emkfnepw {]am-Z--fnepw IqSn ISp t]mIm- Xn-cn--tW. `K-hXv Imcy-- fn {]tbmP-\-s-Sp--Xn-\p-th-n-bp Bbpv Rp e`n-tW. (tZ-h-I R-fpsS Fm C{n-b--fnepw {]th-inv Ahsb kwc-n-p-Ibpw \bn- p-I bpw sNp-p. Ah-\p-Iq-eambn hn- p--Xp-sImv R-fpsS C{n-bp kpK-a-ambn km-nIqSn Nen-phm Ign-bp-p. AXn-\m Ah-tcmSpw {]mn-p-Xv DNn-X-am-Ip-p) Fm-Zn-nepw Ion- ]-c-n- p tZh-cmP C{, k--\mb ]qjm, Acn-jS-\n-hm-c-I-\mb v Xmy (K-cp-U) _pn-cm-Pm-hmb _rl-k]Xn Cu v Fm tZh-X-Ifpw `K-hms Znhy-hn-`q-Xn-Ifm-Ip-p. Ch kZm Rv awKfw hn-n--tW. Ch-cpsS Ir]bm R-tfm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bp Fm Poh-Pm-e -pw awKfw Dm-bn-sm-n-cn--tW. Bym-n-Ihpw B[nssZ-hn-I-hpw, B[n-`u-Xn-I-hp-ambn Fm Xm]-pw imn-bp-m-tW!

"]c' hpw "A]-chp' amb cp kzcq-]--fp-tSbpw ]qamb m\w e`n-pthm AXns\ {_-hn-Zy-sbp ]d-bpp. CXv Fm hnZy-I-fp-tSbpw B{i-bam-Ip-p. -

2. AYtW bmw {]h-tZX {_m Yhm Xmw ]ptcm-hm-Nm-MvKntc {_-hnZymw k `mc-Zzm-Pmb kXy-h-lmb {]ml `mc-Zzm-tPmMvKnctk ]cm-h-cmw.
AY aljnp {_m-hn\np e`y-amb {_hn-Zysb Atlw AwKnc pa-ljnp ]d-p-sIm-Spp. AwKn-c-p-a-ljn `c-Zzm-P-tKm-{X- n ]nd kXyh-l Fp t]cp aljnp ]d-p-sIm-Sp-p. `mcZzm-P-a-ljn ]mc--cy-ambn \ne-\n-n-cp {_-ns ]c, A]- c- kz- cq-]-ns m\w ]Ip-sIm- Sp-p Cu {_-hn-tZym-]tZiw aljn AwKn-c-n\p \In. -

3. iu\tIm l ssh alm-imtem MvKnckw hn[nh- Z p- ] - k x ] {] - . Ik van p ` Kthm hnmtX k-anZw hnmXw `h-Xo-Xn.
iu\-I F t]cn {]kn- - \mb Hcp aljn Dmbn- cp-p. Atlw Hcp henb hniz-hn-Zym-e- b-ns m]I\pw Bbn-cp-p. ]pcm-W-a-\p-k-cnv At-l-ns EjnIp-e-n F]-s- m-bncw aljn- am hkn-n-cp-p. Atlw D]-cyp {_-hnZy ]Tn-p--Xn-\mbn imkv{Xhn-[n-b-\p-k- cnp Ic--fn kanv FSp- p-sImv `n]qw aljn AwKn-c-ns ASp- hp. Atlw AXyw hn\-b-]qw aljn-tbmSp tNmZn-p. "`K-h, bmsXmp \mbn Xncn--dn--Xn-\p-tijw ImWp-Xpw tIp-Xpw A\p-am-\n-p-Xp-amb Fmw Xncn--dn-bp-Xn\p Ign-bp-tm, B ]c-a-XXzw Fm-Ipp? AXns\ Fs\ Xncn-dn-bp-hm Ignbpw Fp Zb-hmbn Acp-fns- bXmepw! v

{]Y- a- ap-W vU Iw
{]Y-a-J Wv Uw 1. Hmw {_m tZhm\mw {]Y-ax-kw-_`qh hnizky Im `ph-\ky tKm]vXm k {_-hnZymw k-hn-Zym-{]-Xn-jvTm aYhmb tPyjvT-]p-{Xmb {]ml.
("Hmw' Cu ]c-ta-izc \mas kvacn-p-sImv D]-\nj-m-cw-`n-p-p. CXp-h-gn-bmbn Hmtcm Imcyhpw Bcw-`np-tm a\p-jy Cuiz-cs\ kvacn-p-Ibpw At-lns \mtam-m-cWw Ahiyw sNp-Ibpw thW-sap kqNn-n--s-Sp- p.)

4. Xkvssa k tlmhm-N. tZz hntZy thZn-Xthy CXn l kva bZv{_--hntZm hZn ]cm ssNhm ]cm-N.
C{]-Imcw aljn iu\-Is tNmZy-n\v aljn AwKn-cv ]dp ""iu\-I, {_s {Kln-n-p aljn-am ]d-bp-Xv a\p-jyp-thn Adn-bp--Xn\v cp-hn-Zy-I Dv Fm-W.v H ]c, aXv A]-c.

k in- am-\mb ]c- {_ ]c-ta- iz-c-\n\npw tZh5. X{Xm-] cm EtKztZm bPpthZx kma-thtZm I-fn {][m-\n-bmb {_mhv D-hn-p. ]noSv Ctlw Yh thZx inm Iev t ]m hymI- c Ww Xs Fm tZh-I- tfbpw aljn- am-tcbpw acoNn apX-emb \ncpw Otm tPymXn jan-Xn. AY ]cm bbm {]Pm-]-Xn-I-tfbpw krjvSn-p. AtXm-Sp-IqSn kakvX temIXZ- -c a-[n-K-ay-tX. -tfbpw krjvSnv AXns c-bvp-thn kpZr-VB cp hnZy-I-fn bmsXm-p-hgn Cu temI-namb \nb-a- apX-em-bhbpw \nn-p. At-lns Ghpw aq-]p-{X AY aljn-bm-bn-cp-p. Ghpw tebpw ]c-tem-I-n-tebpw t`mK--fp-tSbpw Ah-bp-sS BZyw {_mhv {_-hnZy D]-tZ-in-p-sIm-Sp-Xv At-l- {]m]vXn- km[-\IfptSbpw m\w e`y- am-Ip-p-thm, n- \m-bn-cp-p. bmsXm-cp-hn-Zy-bn\npw {_-ns bmsXm-n t`mK--fpsS nXn, t`mK-sf A\p-`-hn-

77

I p--Xn\p {]Im-c-, t`mK-h-kvXp--fpsS cN-\,


Ahsb D]-e-_v[-am-p--Xn-\p ]e-hn-[-km-[-\-I Fmw AS-n-bn-cn-p-pthm AXv A]-c-hn-Zy-bm-Ipp; EtKz-Zw, bPpth-Zw, kma-th-Zw, AY-thZw Cu \mep thZ--fn \m\m hn[-n-ep bmK-hn-Zy- Ifpw Ah-bpsS ^e-fpw hnkvXm-c-]qw hn-n-cn-p-p. PK-nse Fm hkvXp--fp-tSbpw hnj-b--fp-tSbpw h\w thZ-fn \-Xp-t]mse sNbvXn-cn-p-p. Cm-ev thZns Fm imJ-Ifpw e`y-am-Ip-n-. AXn hn-np hnhn[ hnm-\-I-c--fmb Imcy-sf Adn-bm-hp- hcpw Cs- p- Xp icn-bm-Ip-p. thZ-- fpsS ]mZ- AXm-bXv icn-bmb D-cn-p--Xn-\p hn[n-Isf kw_n D]-tZ-i- ""in'' BIp-p. bw, bmKw apXem-b-h-b psS hn[n-I ]d-b -s-n-cn-p hn`m-K s "Iev]w' Fp ]d-bp-p. sshZn-Ihpw euIn-Ihpw Bb i_vZ--fpsS A\p-im-k-\-ns {]Ir-Xn-{]-Xyb hn`mK-]q-ambp i_vZ-km-[-\-bpsS {]{In-b. i_vZmt_m-[--fpsS {]Imcw {]tbmKw apX-em-b-h-bpsS \nb-a kw_-n D]-tZ- i--fpsS \maw "hymI-cWw' FmIp-p. sshZn-I-i- _vZ-tIm-i--fn C ]Zw C hkvXphns\ kqNn-n-pp F kwKXn Imc-W-k-lnXw ]d-bs-n-cn-pXp "\ncpw' F hn`m-K-n-em-W.v sshZnI-O - p-I-fpsS PmXnbpw t`Zhpw ]d-bp hnZysb "Nkv' Fp ]d-bp-p. {Kl--fp-tSbpw \-{X--fptSbpw nXn-K-Xn-Ifpw Ah-tbmSp \p-p _fpw Fm-Ipp Fpw apw hnh-cn-p hnZysb "tPymXnj' sap ]d-bp-p. C{]-Imcw \mep thZ-fpw Bdp thZmw-K-fpw Cu ]n-sbpw \maw "A]cm' hnZy Fm- Ip- p. bmsXm-p-h-gn- bmb ]c-{_ Ahn-\min ]c-am-m-hns XXz-m\w Dm-Ip-pthm AXv "]cm' hnZy-bm-Ip-p. AXns h-\Iepw thZ--fn Xsbp-v. AXn-\m A{Xbpw Awis hnnv _mn Fm thZ-fpw thZmw-K-fpw A]-cm-hn-Zy-bn AS-n-bn-cnp--Xmbn Icp-X- Ww.

ssIbv apX-emb It-{n-bfpw Cm--h\m-Ip-p. AXp-t]mse Atlw AXn-kq-vahpw hym]-Ihpw Acm--cq-]-tm-Sp-IqSn Fm-nepw hym]npw Hcn-epw \miw kw`-hn-m--h\pw kYm \nXy\pw BIp-p. Fm Pohn-I-fp-tSbpw B ]c-a-Im-c-Ws\ m\n-I k{X ]cn-]q-ambn ImWp-p.

kw_w PK-Zm-m-hmb ]c-ta-iz-c kakvX krjvSnI- fp- tSbpw ]c-a- Im-c- W BIp-sXs\? kq-amb Cu {]]w At-l-n \npw Fs\ D-hnp? Cu Bi-bs hy-am-pp

7. btYm-\m`nx krPtX KrlvWtX N bYm ]rYn-hym-tam-j-[bx kw`-hn bYm kXx ]pcp-jm--tI-i-tem-am\n XYm--cmXv kw`-h-Xol hnizw.

]c-{_ ]c-ta-iz-c Xs Cu PU-tN-X-\m--I-amb PK-ns \nan-hpw D]m-Zm-\-Im-c-W-hp-am-Ipp Fv aqp ZrjvSm hgn a\-n-em-p-p. BZyw Fp-Imen-bpsS ZrjvSm--n\npw Cu kwKXn ]d-bp- p. F{]Imcw Fp-Imen Xs hb-n-\p-n-ep hesb shfn-bnse-Spp hncn-p-Ibpw ]ns AXns\ hngp-p-Ibpw sNp-pthm AtX- {]-Imcw Xs Cu ]c-{_ ]c-ta-izc Xs Dn kqva-cq-]tm-Sp-IqSn eo\-am-bn-cnp PU-tN-X-\m-cq-]-amb PK-ns\ krjvSn-bpsS Bcw`-n \m\m-{]-Im-c-n krjvSnp hym]n-n-p-Ibpw {]f-b-Im-e-n hopw Xn- te-bvp-Xs ]nh-en-pIbpw sNp-p. cm-as DZm-l-c-Ww-sImpw Cu Imcyw hy-am-p-p. F{]-Imcw `qan-bn hnhn-[--fmb [m\y-, XrWw, hrw, eX apX-emb Huj-[n-I-fpsS _oP- ]Xn-p-pthm A{]-Imcw Xs- bp `n-fmb t`Z--tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb Huj-[n-I AhnsS apf-bp-p. v AXn `qanp bmsXmcp ]-]m-Xhpw C. AXp-t]m-seXs Pohn-I-fpsS hn`n---fmb I-cq-]_o-P-\p-k-c-W-ambn `K-hm Ahsb hnhn[ tbm\n-I-fn Dkw_w apI-fn ]d-n-cn-p ]cm-hn-Zy-hgnbmbn hn- n-p-p. AXn-\m At-l-n bmsXmcp {]Im-c- nbmsXm- ns m\w Dm-Ip- pthm B Ahn- \m- in- bmb ep-ap hnj-a-X-bp-tStbm \n- b- X-bp- tStbm tZmjw Btcm{_w F-s\-bp--XmWv? AXn-s\-n ]d-bpp ]n-p-hm km[y-a-. aqm-aXp a\p-jy-i-co-c-ns DZm6. b-Z -t{Z- i y-a- {Km- l y-a- tKm- {X-a- h -a -N - px- l-c-W-n\npw Cmcyw hy-am-p-p. F{]-Imcw t{im{Xw XZ-]m-Wn-]m-Zw. \nXyw hn`pw k-KXw a\p-j ys Pohn-X -i -c o-c - n\npw at\m-l - c -a mb kpkqvaw XZ-hybw bZv` q-X -tbm\nw ]cn-] - tIihpw tcma-fpw \Jhpw kzb-ambn D-hn-p-Ibpw iyn [ocm. hf-cp-Ibpw sNp-pthm Ahs\ kw_-n-n-S-tmfw Cu a{-n ]c-{_-]-c-ta-iz-cs \ncm-Im-c-kz-cq- AXv bmsXm-n\pw {]tbm-P-\-s-Sp-n-. AtX {]Imcw ]s hn-n-cn- p-p. B ]c-{_--]-c-ta- iz- c mt\- Xs ]c-{_--]c-ta-iz-c-\n\npw Cu {]]w kzbambn D-hn-p-Ibpw hnI-kn-p-Ibpw sNpp; CXn{nbw hgn Adn-b-s-Sp-hm Ign-bp-n; It-{nb v hgnbpw {Kln--s-Sp-n-. Atlw tKm{Xw apX-emb D]m- \p-thn `K-hm\v bmsXmcp {]b-X\hpw sNt--Xmbn hcp-n-. [n-Ifn-m--h\pw {_m-WmZn h-K-X-t`-Z-tfm AXpt]mse \ndw, BIrXn Chtbm Cm--h\pw BIp-p. kw_w C\n kwt- ] -ambn {]]tmn Atlw Iv, sNhn apX- emb mt\-{n-b-fpw Imev, {Ias hnh-cn-p-p.

78

kw_w BZy-J-WvU-nse \memw a{- n ]cm, A]cm Cu cp hnZy-Ifpw {Kmly-tbm-Ky-am-sWp ]dPK-ns krjvSn- Im-e-a-Sp--tm ]c-{_ ]c-ta-iz- bp-p. C\n Cu JWvU-n AXn\nv A]-cm-hn-Zyc Xs kev]-cq-]-amb X]-n\npw hf {]m]n- bpsS kzcq-] hpw ^ehpw ]d- nv ]cm-hn-Zy-s b- n p- p, AXm- bXv At- l-n hnhn[ cq]- -tfm-Sp-Iq- Snb Pnmk Df- hm-pp krjvSn-bpsS \nm-W-n-\p kev]w Db-cp-p. Pohn1. XtZ- X - Xyw at{jp ImWn Ihtbm I- fpsS Im- \p- kr- X-ambn B ]c-{_ ]pcp-tjm-- a-\n bm\y-]iyw kvXm\n t{XXmbmw _lp[m kwXbmsXmcp kv^pcWw krjvSn-bpsS Bcw-`-n-ep-m-bn-cpXm-\n. Xm\ym-N-cY \nbXw kXy-Imam Gj hx ]mx kpIr-X -ky-tem-tI. pthm AXp-Xs At-l-ns X]w Bbn-cp-p. B kv^pcWw Dmb am{X-bns AXyw kqva-cq_pn-am-m-cmb aljn-I bmsXmcp D-X n-bpsS ]-n-em-bn-cp `K-hm AXns\ At]-np qe-am- km[-\m-`q-X-amb bmKmZn \m\m-hn-[-n-ep I- sf bn-o- cp-Ibpw Atlw krjvSn-Im-hmb {_m-hns thZ-a-{- -fn ]t In-cp-pthm B I-a-{- cq]w [cn-p-Ibpw sNp-p. {_m-hn\npw Fm Ev, bPp-v, kmaw Cu aqp thZ--fnepw ]e-co-Xn-IPohnIfptSbpw D-nbpw hfbpw kw`-hn-n-p fn hnkvXm-c-]qw hn-n-cn-p-p. AXn-\m {]XyAw D- -am- Ip-p. ]ns A- n\npw {ItaW - amb DXn B{K-ln- p Bfp- I Ahsb icn-bmbn {]mW, a\-,v Imcy-cq]fmb BIm-imZn ]a-lm-`q- {Klnv \nb-a-{]-Imcw B I-sf A\p-jTnpsImnv X- Fm Pohn-Ifpw Ah- bpsS hmk-efpw, Ah- cn--Ww. Cu a\pjy-i-co-c-n CXp-Xs D-Xn-p bpsS hn`n- I--fn\npw Ahbvv Ahiyw kw`- kp-c-amb amw. Ae-k-X-bnepw {]am-Z-nepw t`mK-hn-t kpJ-Zpx-J-cq-]-^-e-fpw Cs\ Cu kq f-\p-`-hn-p--Xnepw arK--sf-tmse Pohn-p- Xv a\p-jyi-co-c- n- \p-]bp--a-. PKv D-hn-p-p. kw_w C\n ]c-ta-iz-cs aln-asb hn-p- sImv Cu {]I-c-Ws D]-kw-l-cn-p-p. ({]-[m\ cq]-n-ep thZ--fpsS Fw aqp-Xs Fv AwKo-I-cn-p-p. An-mbn "thZ-{Xbn' apX-emb \ma--tfm-Sp-IqSn EtKz-Zw, kma-th-Zw, bPpthZw Fo aqn-sbpw DtJ\w e`n-p-p. A-s\-bp m\-f n \mem-a s AY thZs tad aqnepw Aeo-\-am-sWp Icp-Xp-p.) kw_w thtZm---fmb At\Iw {]Im-c--fn-ep I--fn\npw {]tXyI e- W- tm- Sp-Iq-Snb {][m\ An-tlm-{X- Is hn-p-hm-\m-cw-`n-p-p.

8. X]km NobtX {_ XtXm a`n-Pm-btX Am-Xv{]mtWm a\x kXyw temImx I-k p-N m-ar-X w.

ZznXo- b -J WvU w

9. bx kx k-hn-Zyky m\-abw X]x Xkvam-tZ-X-Zv{_ \ma cq]-aw N Pmb-tX.


kw]q PK-ns Imc-W-`q-X-\mb B ]c-a-]p-cp-j]-c-ta-iz-cs\ km[m-cW cq]-nepw hnti-j-cq-]-nepw Fm-hcpw \m-bn--dn-bp-p. B ]c-{_--ns GI-am{X- amb m\w- Xs X]- am- Ip- p. At- l- n\v km[m-cW a\p-jy-sc-tmse PK-ns\ krjvSn- p--Xn-\p-thn IjvS-k-l-\cq-]-amb X]--\p-jTn-t--Xmbn hcp-n-. v B k-i-n-am-\mb ]c-{_ ]c-ta-iz-cs k-e]-amv {X-bns {]Xy-- ambn ImW-s-Sp Cu hncmSv cq]amb PKv (A- Xns\ A]- c- {_w Fp ]d-bp-p) kzbw {]I-S-am-Ip-Ibpw kakvX Pohn-Ifpw temI-fpw AhbpsS \maw, cq]w, Blmcw apX-em-b-hbpw D-hn-pIbpw sNp-p.

2. bZm teem-btX lyNnx kant lhy-h m-l t\ XZm-Py-`m-Km-h--tc-Wm-lpXnx {]Xn-]m-Z-tb-Xv.

A[n-Im-cn-I-fm-bn-p--h \nXyhpw An-tlm{Xw \S-Ww. tZh-Iv lhnv Fn-p-sIm-Sp-p An b mK - t h - Z n - b n \ n m bn I n - P z - e n - p - t m , AXn\npw Pzme-I Db-cp-tm, BPy-`m-K-m\w hnp a[y-n BlpXn kan--Ww. An Bfn-p--Xn\p aptm AXn\npw Pzme-I Db-cp--Xn-\p"Bsc Adn-bp--Xn\npw CsXmw {Kln-p-hm aptm AYhm In-bXn-\p-ti-jtam im-am-b-Xn\p Ign-bpp' Fv iu\-Ia-ljn tNmZn-n-cp-p. CXns tijtam AXn BlpXn kan-p-hm ]mSn F D-c-ambn kakvX PK-ns ]c-a-Im-c-W-\mb ]c-am-m- Imcyw AXp-sImp hy-am--s-Sp-p. Ansb \hn\npw PK-ns D]-n-hn-hcWw ]d-nv Npcp- Xp-t]mse Pzen-n-nv An-tlm{Xw \S--Ww. -n B kin-am\pw k-\pw Fm-nkw_w \nXyhpw An-tlm{Xw \S-p a\p-jy sbpw Imhpw [m-hp-amb ]c-ta-iz-cs\ Adn- pAtXm-Sp-IqSn Fsmw sNWw F hnj-bsn I-gn-m Fmw a\-n-em-Ipp F Imcyw [cn-n-p. ]d-bpp

79

3. bkym- n-tlm-{X-a-Zi-\-] u-am-k aNm-Xpm kya-\m-{K-b-W-a-Xn-Yn-hnXw N. Alp-X-a-ssh-iz-tZ-h-a-hn-[ n\m lpX amk-]vX-amw-kvXky temIm ln\-kvXn.
\nXyhpw An-tlm{Xw \S-p a\p-jy Zi-bhpw ]u-am-k-b-hpw sNm-X n-cn-p-pthm AYhm NmXpm-ky-b-hpw \S-m-Xn-cn-p-pthm AXp-t]mse icZv hk-pp--fn \S-- s-Sp \ho\m--ns (]p-Xp-[m-\y) bmK-cq-]-amb B{K-b-W-bw \S--s-Sm-Xn-cn- p-pthm Ahs b-im- e-bn AXnYn-I bYm-hn[n k-cn--s-Sm-Xn-cn-p-pthm Asn Ah \nXyw An-bm-K-n IrXy-k-a-bpw imkv{X- hn-[n-b-\p-k-cnpw lh\w \S-m-Xn-cn-p-pthm AXp-t]mse _en sshiz-tZ-hIw \S-m-X n-cn-ppthm BsW-n B An-tlm{Xw \S-pp a\pjys k]vX-tem-I- sf B AwK-lo- \-amb An- tlm{Xw \in-n-p If-bp-p. AXm-bXv B bw aqew e`n-pam-bn-cp ]rYzn-temIw apX kXy-temIw hsc-bp temI--fn\np e`y-am-Ip tbmKy t`mK- Ah\n\npw AXv Xn amn--f-bp-p. kw_w An-bn\npw Pzme-I \mbn Db-cptm BlpXn kan-Ww Fp kwKXn ap a{-fn ]dp Ignn-cn-p-p. C\n B Pzme-I-fpsS {]Imct`Z-fpw \mahpw ]d-p-X-cp-p.

5. GtXjp b-ctX {`mP-am-t\jp bYm-Imew Nmlp-Xtbm lymZ-Zm-b. Xw \b-tyXmx kqcyky civatbm b{X tZh\mw ]Xn-tc-tIm[nhmkx.

bmsXmcp km[- I ]q-a-{-n ]d-n-p Ggp{]-Im-c-n- ep Pzmem-bp--am-bn, \mbn t{]mz-en-psIm-n-cn-p An-bn IrXy-k-abw imkv{X-hn-[n-b\p-k-cnp \nXyhpw Blp-Xn-\In An-bmKw \S-ppthm Ahs\ ac- W-Im- e- n XtmSp Iqn- tv Cu Blp-Xn-I kqcy-In-c-W--fm-bn, tZh-cm-Pm-hmb C{s temI-n Fn- p-p. An-tlm{Xw kz-kp-J-{]m]vXn-p Atam-L-amb D]m-b-am-sWp Xmev]-cyw. kw_w F{]-Imcw Cu Blp-Xn-I kqcy-In-c-Wam-ambn bP-am-\s\ C{-tem-I-n Iqn-sm-p-t]mIpp Amcyw hnh-cn- p-p.

6. Gtly-loXn Xam-lp-Xbx kphkx kqcyky civan-`nb-P-am\w hln {]nbmw hmN-a-`n-h-Z -tymby Gj hx ]pWyx kpIrtXm {_-tem-Ix.

B {]Zo- ]vX-amb Pzme-I- fn An--s Blp-Xn- I kqcy-In-c-W--fpsS cq]-n ]cn-W-anv ac-W-Im-e-n B km[-I-t\mSp ]d-bpp ""hcp, hcp \ns k-fpsS ^e-kz-cq-]-amb {_-temIw AXm-bXv t`mK-cq-]4. Imeo Icmeo N at\m-P-hmN kp-J-sf A\p-`hn-p--Xn-\p ew kz-tem-I-amIpp'' C- s\-bp {]nb-hm-p-I IqsS-qsS ]d-pkptem-lnXm bm N kp[q-{a-hm sImv BZ-c-km-c-]qw Ahs\ kpcys Inc-Wkv^penw-K\o hniz-cpNo N tZho am- -fnqSn sImp-t ]mbn kz-tem-I -n teem-b-am\m CXn k]vX Pnlzmx. Fn-p-p. ChnsS kzs {_-temIw Fp ]dImeo Idp \nd-tm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-h, Icm-eo--A-Xyp-{K- bp- -Xn Xmev]cyw kzm-[n- ]-Xn- bmb C{\pw `K-hms amb (An _m[n-p-sa `bw P\n-n-p--h), at\m- Xs A]-c-kz-cq-]-am-Ip-p. AXn-\m {]Im-cm--tcW Phm a\-p-t]mse AXyw N-e-am-b-h, kptem-ln- {_w Xs-bm-Ip-p. Xm-- kp-c-amb Nph-tm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-h, kp[p-{a-hm-- kp- kw_w C\n kmwkm-cnI t`mK--tfm-Sp sshcm-c-amb ]pI-bpsS \nd-tm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bh, kv^penw-Kn\o Ky-m ]c-am-\--kz-cq-]-\mb ]c-ta-iz-cs\ {]m]n-p-Xosm-cn-I s]mn- n-dp--h, hniz-cp-No-tZhn Fm Xn- \p A`n- emjw Dev]--am-Ip- -Xn-\p-thn ap]-d Znnepw {]Im-in-p--h C{]-Imcw Ggp coXn-bn-ep kz-tem-I-ns km[-\m-cq-]-amb bmZn kIm-aPzme-I An-tZ-hs lhn-ns\ {Kln-p--Xn\v Cf-In- Ihpw AXns ^e-cq-]-amb euIn-Ihpw ]mc-eu-In-Ism-n-cn-p Ggp \mhp-It]mse BIp-p. AXn- hp-amb t`mK--fpsS Xp-Xbpw ]d-p-X-cpp \m Ftm An-tZ-hX C{]-Imcw Blq-Xn-cq- ]-am-Ip 7. hm tlytX AZrVm b-cq]m t`mP\w {Kln-p--Xn\p Xm-dm-bn-cn-p-pthm AtX AjvSmZtim-a-hcw tbjp I kabw Xs t`mP-\-cq-]-amb BlpXn {]Zm\w sN-Ww. As-n A{]- z-e n-Xhpw AW- p-t]m-b -X p-amb GX-vtdtbm tb`n\n aqVm An-bn \I-s-Sp BlpXn Nmc-tmSp Iev Pcm-arXypw tX ]p\-tc-hm]n bn. \in-p-t]m-Ip-p. Cu a{-n bs \uIm-cq-]nepw Ahkw_w ta {]Imcw {]Zo-]X-amb An-bn \nb-a- bpsS kwJy ]Xn-s\v Fpw ]d-b-s-Sp-p. \nXy, Zi, v {]-Imcw {]Xn-Zn\w lh\w sNp--Xp-sIm-p ^e-s- ]u-am-k, NXpam-k-t`-Z-- tfm-Sp- IqSn b- n\p ]Xnn ]d-bp-p. s\p {][m\ cq]- Dsv A\p- am- \n- - s- Sp- p. Ah-

80

I bn D]m-k-\m-c-ln-X-amb kIm-a-I-sf hn-n-cnp-p. Cs\ b cq]--fm-Ip ]Xn-s\p \uIIfpw Dd- p--X-s p ]d-b-s -Sp-p. Ch hgn-bmbn kwkm-c-km-K-c-ns Ac IS-pI km[y-a-. Cu temI-ns h-am\ ZpxJ kzcq-]-am-Ip Ghpw sNdnb \Zn-tb-tmepw XcWw sNbvXv kzw-h sc Fptam Fp-t]mepw kt-lam-Wv. Fp-sIm-sm aqm-as a{-nse h-\-b-\p-k-cnv GsXnepw AwK-ns Ipd-hp-m-Ip-p Fn km[-I\p kz-n Fp-hm km[n-p--X; CS-bp-sh-pv Xs NnX-dn-tm-Ip-p. AXn-\m CXv AZr-Vhpw Anc-hp-am-Ip-p. Cu clkyw a\-n-em-msX aT-b-m-cmb Bfp-I Cu kIm-a-I--sf-s ]c-ta-iz-c-{]m-]vXnp D]mbw Fp IcpXn CXns ^e-s-s ]c-a-kp-J-sap IcpXn CXns\ kvXpXn-p-sImp Pohnp-p. Ahv kt-lc-ln-X-ambn IqsS-q-sS-bp hrm-h--tbbpw ac- W-Zpx-J-tbpw A\p-`hn-t-Xmbn hcp-p. kw_w Ah F{]-Imcw ZpxJa\p`-hn-pp? CXn\p kv]jvSo-I-cWw \Ipp

9. Ahn-Zymbmw _lp[m h-am\m hbw IrXmYm CXn-`n-a-\yn _memx bXvIntWm \ {]th-Z-bn cmKmXv tX\m-Xpcmx oW-tem-Im-y-h-t.

8. Ahn-Zym-bm-a-tc h-am\mx kzbw-[ocmx ]WvUnXw a\y-am\mx PMvL\y-am\mx ]cn-bn aqVm At-ss\h \ob-am\m bYmmx
A\p hgn-Im-n-bmbn As\s Inp-tm Ah-s \- s\ A`o-j vS - - e -s - p-h m Ignbpw? CSbvv Imep-ap-nbpw apnepw Np-N-h-dnepw ImhgpXn hoWpw ]md-Ifnepw `nn- Ifnepw arK--fp-sS-taepw Xnapn \m\m hn[--fn-ep-ap IjvS-X-I A\p-`-hn-t-Xmbn hp-Iq-Sp-p-thm AXp-t]mse Xs Cu aqV-mcmb Bfp-Ifpw ]n-ar-Km-Zn-I-fp-tSbpw IoS--fp-tSbpw hnhn[ ZpxJ-]q--fmb tbm\n-I-fnepw AXp-t]mse \cIm-Zn-I-fnepw {]th-inv A\--P-w-hsc A\-h[n IjvSmcn-jS-X-I A\p-`-hn-t-- Xmbn hcp-p. bmsXm-cp- v kzbw _pn-am\pw hnZzm\pw Fp \Sn-p-pthm hnZym_p- n-bpsS anYym-l-m-c-m imkv{X-tbpw alm- m\n-I-fpsS hN-\--tfbpw Aev]w-t]mepw hI-h-bvmsX Ahsb Ah-tl-fn-p-Ibpw {]Xy---fmb kpJ-t`m-Ksf A\p-`-hn-p--Xnepw Ah-bpsS D]mb `qXfmb Ahn-Zym-ab kIm-a-I--fn \nc-cw apgpIn hkn-pIbpw sNp-pthm Pohn-X-ns Aaq-ey-amb ka-bs hrYm \jvS-am-n--f-bp-p. kw_w B Bfp-I XpS-bmbn ZpxJ--fn ]Xnp-sIm-n-cp-npw Fp-sIm-p-W-cp-n? \-bvpthn Fp-sImp {]hn- p-n? Cu B{K-ls kw_-np ]d-bpp

]q-a-{- n ]d-n-c n- p coXn-tbm-Sp-I qSn bmsXm-cp- Cl-tem-I-]-c- tem-I- t`mK {]m]vXn-p-thn kmwkm-cn-tIm--Xn-bpsS km[-\m-cq-]--fmb kIm-a-I- fns ]e- co- Xn-I- fn apgpIn hkn-p- pthm AhnZy-bn apgp-In--gn-bp Am-\n-I-fmb B a\p-jy "R R-fpsS I-hy-sf ]menp Ign-n-cnpp'Fp Icp-Xp-p. B kmwkm-cnI I- -fn apgp-In-bn-cn-p Bfp-Ip t`mK--fn AXyw Bk-n-bp-m-Ip-p. CXp-Im-cWw Ah kmkm-cn-tIm-Xn-bn-te--msX \-bpsS t\tc ZrjvSn ]Xn-n-p-n. ]c-am-\--ns kap{Zw GtXm ]c-am-m-hm-sWpw a\p-jy\v AXp {]m]n-p-hm Ign-bp-sa-p-ap hnhcw Ahv Adn-bp-hm Ign-bp-n-. AXn-\m Ah ]cam-m-hns\ {]m]n-p-hm ]cn-{i-an- msX kZm ZpxJn-Xcmbnocp-Ibpw ]pWy-I--fpsS ^ew Ah-km-\np Ign-bptm Ah kzm-Zn-tem-I-fn \npw Xmsg ]Xn-p-Ibpw sNp-p. kw_w apI-fn ]d-n-cn-p kwKXn Hp-IqSn kv]jvS-ambn ]d-bpp

10. CjvSm-]qt a\y-am\m hcnjvTw \m\y-vtdtbm thZ-bt {]aqVmx \mIky ]rjvtT tX kpIrtX \p`qtXzaw temIw lo\-Xcw hm hni-n.
AXyw aqV-mcpw t`mKm-k--cpamb B a\p-jy thZw, kvarXn apX-emb imkv{X--fn kmwkm-cnI kpJ{]m-]vXn-mbn F{X-am{Xw km[-\-I-tf-n ]d-n-ptm Ahsb k-t{ijvT Ieym-W-km[\I-fm-bn--cp-Xp-p. A Xn- \ m A h- b n\n pw `n - a mbn A Xm- b Xv ]ctaizcs `P-\w, [ym\w, \njvma`mh-tm-Sp-Iq-Snb I-hy-]m-e\w, ]c-a-]p-cp-j vXm-am-hns\ Adn-bp--Xn-\pthn Xo{hXtbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bp {]h\w apX-embn F{Xtbm ]c-a-aw-K-f-{]-Z--fmb km[-\-I-fptm Ah-sbsbmpw Ah Adn-bp-t-bn; B Ieym-W-km-[- \-I-fpsS t\sc eyta hbvp-n- . AXn-\m Ah X-fpsS ]pWy-I--fpsS ^e-kz-cq-]--fmb kztm-Iw- hscbp kpJ-sf t`mKn-nv ]pWy-ns bw kw`-hnp kabw hopw Cu a\p-jy-tem-In-tebvtm AYhm CXnepw tami-amb iqI-cIq-Icm-Zn-tbm-\n-I-fntem As-n cuc-hmZn tLmc-\-c-I--fntem ]Xn-p-p. kw_w apI-fn ]d-n-cn-p kmwkm-cnI t`mK-tfmSp hnc--cmb a\p-jy-cpsS BNm-c-\-S-]-Sn-Ifpw AhbpsS ^e-fpw hn-pp

81

11. X]x-{it tb lyp]-h-k-y-ctWy imm hnZzmwtkm ss`y-]cymw Ncx kqcy-Zzm-tcW tX hncPmx {]bmn b{Xm-arXx k ]pcptjm lyhy-bm-m.
D]-cyp--amb t`mKm-k-cmb a\p-jy-cn \npw bmsXm-cp- `n-\m-bn-cn-p-pthm a\p- jy- i-co-c-ns alXzw {Kln-n-p--Xp-Im-cWw bmsXm-cp-s Ax-Ic-W-n ]c-am--XXzw Adn-bp--Xn\pw ]c-ta-iz-cs\ {]m]n-p--Xn\pw D C DWs-gp-tp-pthm Ah Hcp ]t h\-n hkn-p hm\-{]-t\m im- kz- `m-h- tm-Sp- Iq- Snb hnZzm\pw kZm- Nm- cn-bp-amb Krlt\m AYhm `n-hmn Pohn-p {_-Nm-cntbm kym-kntbm Bbnsms, Ah \nc-- c-amb X]p-sImpw `n-sImpw tkh\w A\p-jTn-p-sIm-nv cn- p-p. AXm-bXv Ah-c- h-cpsS hhpw B{i-ahpw ]cnX- n-Xnbpw A#p-k-cnv bmsXmcp kabw bmsXmcp Ihyw Dm-I p- pthm Ahsb imkv{X- ns B-b-\p-k-cnp bmsXmcp hn[-amb A`n-em-j-fpw IqSmsX ]men-p-sImp Pohn-p-Ibpw kwb-a-\-tm-SpIqSn ia-Z-am-Zn-km-[-\-I-tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb k--m-cm-bnv ]c-a`-n-tbm-Sp-IqSn ]c-ta-iz-cs\ Adn-bp--Xn\pw {]m]n-p-Xn\pw D km[-\-I-fn hym]r-X-cmbn Pohn-p-p. AXpsImv Xtam- c- tPm- Kp-W--fpsS hnIm-c--fn\npw kYm-iq-\yhpw \n-e-hp-amb kXz-Kp-W- n nXn-sN-p-Xp-amb kqcy-tem-I-nqSn Ah-cpsS ]c-a-{]m]y Aar-X-kz-cq-]\pw \nXy\pw Ahn-\m-in-bp-amb ]c-a-]p-cpj ]pcp-tjm--as \nhm-k--e-tbvp t]mIp-p. kw_- w- B ]c-{_--]c-ta-iz-cs\ Adn-bp- -Xn\pw {]m]n-p--Xn-\pw-thn a\p-jy Fp-sN-Ww? AtXn hnh-cn-pp

m\w {]m]n-p--Xn-\p-thn Ic--fn kanpw FSpv `n-hn-\-b-`m-h--tfm-S p-IqSn thZ-c-l-ky-sf \m-bn--dn-bp--h\pw ]c-am-m-hn nXn-sN-p--h-h\p-amb kZvKp-cp-hns\ icWw {]m]n--Ww. kw_w apI-fn ]d-n-cn-p e-W--tfm-SpIq-Snb GsX-nepw injy Kpcp-hns ASp- hcn-Ibm-sW-n Kpcp Fp-sN-Ww? CXp-kw-_-np ]dbpp

13. Xkvssa k hnZzm-\p-]-k-mb kayIv {]im--Nn-mb iam-\zn-Xm-b. tb\m-cw ]pcpjw thZ-kXyw t{]mhmN Xmw XztXm {_-hn-Zymw.
thZ-\pw {_-\n-jT- \p-amb B alm-mhv Xs v icWw {]m]n-n-cn-p Nnw ]q-ambn imhpw \nn--hp-am-bn--gn-n-cn-p injy\v kmwkm-cn-It`mKfn XnIpw hnc--\m-bn-o-X p-Im-c-Ww, bmsXm-cp-s lrZ-bn bmsXm-cp-hn-[-amb NnIfpw hymIp-eX- Ifpw hnIm-c-fpw Ah-ti-jn-n-n-tbm bmsXm- cp- ia-Z-amZn km[-\m-k- -- \m-bn-cn-p-pthm bmsXm-cp- Xs a\-,v _pn, C{n-b Chsb \mbn \nb-{nv kzm[o- \-am-n-bn-cn-p- pthm B {_hn-Zysb XXz-hn-th-N-\m-]qw a\-n-emn Ah\v D]-tZin- p-sIm-Sp- - Ww. Xm- cWw B injy\v \nXy\pw Ahn\m- in-bp- amb ]c-{_--]p-cp-tjm- -as m\w {]m]n- phm Ign-bpw.

ZznXo-b -ap-W vU Iw
{]Y-a-J Wv Uw
kw_w {]Y-a-ap-WvU-Inse ZznXo-b-J-WU-n v A]-c-hn-Zy-bpsS cq]hpw ^e-fpw ]d-Xn-\p-tijw AXns Xp-Xsb ImWn-p-sImv AXn\np hnc-cm-bn-cn--W-sa Imcyw ]d-nv ]c-hnZy ]Tn-p--Xn\v kZvKp- cp-hns\ icWw {]m]n--W-sapw ]d-p. C\n ]chn-Zysb hn-p--Xn-\p {]I-cWw Bcw-`n-p-p.

12. ]coy temIm I-Nn-Xm {_mtWm \nth-Z-am-bm-m-kvXy-IrXx IrtX\ XZzn-m-\mw k Kpcp-ta-hm-`n-K-tOXv kan-Xv]m-Wnx t{im{Xnbw {_-\n-jvTw.
kzw ku`mKyw Bin-p- a\p-jy BZyw ]d-ncn-p I--fpsS ^e-kz-cq-]-amb Cu temI-ntebpw ]c-tem-I-n-tebpw ka-kX-kpJtfbpw \-Xpv t]mse ]co-n-nv AXm-bXv hnth-I-]qw Ah-bpsS A\n-Xy-Xbpw ZpxJ-kz-cq-]hpw {Klnv Fm-hn-[--fn-epap t`mKfn\npw kYm hnc--\m-bn-o-c-Ww. Im-hns Al-m-c-]q-amb kIm-a-`m-h-tm-Sp-IqSn sN-s-Sp Iw A\nXy ^es sNp-Xpw XYm kzbw A\n-Xyhpw BIp-p. AXn-\m bmsXm-cp- {Inbm-km-[y- \-m-Xn- cn-p-pthm A-s\- bp \nXy- ]-c- taiz-cs\ Ahp {]m]n-phm km[n-p-n-. CXp-hn-Nmcnv B Pnmkp ]c-am-m-hns hmkvX-hnI XXz-

1. XtZ-X-Xyw bYm kpZo-]vXm-Xv]m-h-ImZv hnkv^p-enwKmx kl-kvdix {]`-ht kcq]mx XYm--cmZv hnhn[mx tkmay `mhmx {]Pm-bt X{X ssNhm-]n-b-n.
AwKn-c-p-a-ljn ]d- bp- p. {]nb-s iu\-Im, Rm \nv BZyta ]c-{_--]c-ta-iz-cs kzcq-]s hn-p- sImp bmsXmcp clkyw ]d- p-X-n- cp-pthm AXp kYm kXy-am-Ip-p. C\n AXn-s\s hopw {Kln-n-p-p. {im-]qw {ihn-p-sIm-p-I. F{]-Imcw Bfn--n-sm-n-cn-p An-bn\npw AXp-t]m-

82

I se-Xs cq]-h--tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb

Bbn-c-W -n\p kv^penwK \mep-]mSpw NnX-dp-pthm AXp-t]m-seXs ]c-a-]p-cpj Ahn-\m-in-{_--n \npw krjvSnIm- en \m\m-{]-Im-c -n-ep `mh--tfm-Sp-Iq-S nb aqhpw Aaq-hp-amb hkvXp- D-hn-p-Ibpw {]f-bm-I-me-n hopw At-l-ns eo\-am-IpIbpw sNp-p. ChnsS `mhs {]I-S-am-p--Xn-\p Imcyw {Kln-n-p--Xn-\mbn An-bp-tSbpw kv^penw-K-fp-tSbpw ZrjvSmw \I-s-n-cn-p-p. kw_w bmsXmcp ]c-{_ ]c-ta- iz-c-\n\npw Cu PKv D-hn-nv hopw At-l-ns hneo-\-ambn-o- cp-p. Ah kzbw Fs\ Fp hnh-cn- pp

4. An-aq[m Npjo N{-kqcyu Znix t{imt{X hmKv hnhr-Xm thZmx hmbpx {]mtWm lrZbw hniz-aky ]Zv`ymw ]rYnho tlyj k-`q-Xm--cm-m.

kw_w B ]c-am-m-hn\npw Cu Ncm-Nc-P-KB Znhy-]p-cp-j-\mb ]c-am-mhv \n-t-l-amb BIm- ns Dn GsXmw {Ia--fn kw`-hn-pp? v c-c-ln-X\pw AJn-eP-K-n-tbpw AIpw ]pdpw ]cn- Cu {]iv\-n\v {]Im-cm-- c-ambn PK-Zp-X]-n-bpsS {Iaw hnh-cn-p-p. ]q\pw BIp-p. Atlw Pm-Zn-c-ln-X\pw hnip-\pw BWv; Fp-sIm-s- m At-l-n-\m-Is {]mW-\p-an5. Xkvam-Z-nx kant[m bky kqcyx , C{n-b--fp-an-, a\-p-an-. At-l-n\v Ch-sbm-pwtkmamXv ]\y Hmj-[bx ]rYnhymw Iq-SmsX Fmw sNp--Xn\p Ign-bp-p. AXn-\m k]qam tcXx knpXn tbmjn-Xmbmw i-n-am-\mb B ]c-ta-iz-c Ahn-\m-in-bmb Pohm-m-hn_lzox {]Pmx ]pcp-jmXv kw{]-kqXmx s\-mfpw AXyw t{ijvT\m-Ip-p. kYm D-a-\mIp-p. ]c-ta- iz-c Cu PK-ns\ krjvSn--tm-sgms kZm Htc coXn-bn-em-bn-cp-n-. As\ \nb-a-hp-an Atlw kw_w tad e-W--tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb \ncm-Imc-\mb ]c- ta- iz- c-\n\npw Cu kmIm-c-Pv Fs\ D- Ftm Fs\ k-ev]n-p- pthm AtX-{]-Imcw AtX hn-pp? Cu Pnm-kbvv At-l-ns k in- {Ia-n PKv D-hn-p-p. Cu `mhss kv]jvS-am-p--Xn\p ChnsS {]Imc hyXym-k-tm-Sp-IqXzs hn-pp Snb krjvSn-bpsS D-nsb hnh-cn-p-p. ]c-{_ 3. GX-kvam-m-btX {]mtWm a\x ]pcp-tjm-- a-\n \npw k-{]-Y-a-ambn At-l- ns kt-{n-bmWn N ANn-y-i-n-bpsS Hcw- i-amb Ap-XmKv\nXXzw DmJw hmbptPym-Xn-cm]x ]rYnho bn. AXns kanp (C\v[\w) kqcy-\m-Ipp; AXm-bXv hniz-ky-[m-cn-Wo. kqcy-_nw-_-ns cq]-n AXp Pzen-p-sIm-n-cn-pp. AKv\nbn\npw N{- \p-m-bn, N{- \n\npw (kqB ]c-{_ ]pcp-tjm--a \ncm-Im-c\pw a\v C{ncy-c-ivan-bn\npw kqva-cq-]-tm-Sp-IqSn nXn-sN-bvXnb- apX-emb Ic-W-kap-Zm-b--fn\npw kYm cp Pe-n Aev]w ioXfX-bp-m-bXp Imc- Ww) taLcln-X\pw Bbn-cn-pp Fn-cp-mepw Fmw {]hnap-m-bn. taL-n\npw hjw-aqew `qan-bn \m\mp--Xn\p ka\pw BWv. Cu k in-am-\mb {]-Im- c-n- ep Huj- [nI Dm- bn. B Huj- [nIsf `n]c-{_--]pcptjm-a-\n\n-p-X- s krjvSnIme- -Xn\n-p-mb hocys ]pcp- j Xs h- n- ep {]mW, a\v (A-x-Ic-Ww), kq C{n-b kv{Xobn Xfn--tm Ah-fn\npw km\w Dm-bn. Chbpw BIm-iw, hmbp, tXP-,v Pew Fm Poh-Pm-e-Cs\ ]c-a-]p-cp-j-\mb ]c- ta-iz-c-\n \npw Cu \m\mtfbpw hln-p ]rYzn Cu ]-a-lm-`q-X-fpw Fmw {]-Im-c-n-ep-ap Ncm-N-c-Po-hn-I D-hn-p. D-hn-p-p. kw_- w- -C-{]-Imcw Fm Pohn-I-fp-tSbpw D-n- {Ikw_w C{]-Imcw Npcp--n ]c-ta-iz-c-\n as hnh-cn-nv C\n Ah-bpsS Fm c- bpw-thn v \npw kqva-X- Xz--fpsS D-n-sb- n ]d-nv C\n sN-s-tS bm-ZnIfpw Ah-bpsS km[-\-Ifpw ^ePK-n `K-hms hncmSv kzcq]w Zin-p--Xn-\p fpw AtX ]c-ta-iz-c-\n\npw {]I-S-am-Ipp F {]Im- c- ]d-bpp Imcyhpw ]d-b-s-Sp-p.

2. Znthym lyaqx ]pcpjx k_m-lym-`y-tcm lyPx A{]mtWm lya\mx ipt{`m ly-cmXv ]cXx ]cx

ap a{--fn bmsXmcp ]c-ta-iz-c \ncm-Im-c-kz-cq]-\mbn hn--s-n- cn-p- pthm At-l-n-t-Xp-X- sbmWv Cu {]Xy--ambn ImW-s-Sp PK-ns hncmSv kzcq-]w. Cu hncmSv kzcq]w At-l-ns An AXmbXv ZyptemIw akvX- Ihpw N{\pw kqcy\pw cp-t\-{Xfpw kakvX Znp-I I-fpw \m\m-hn-[--fmb O-p-I a{- - fpsS cq]- n hnkvXr-X-am-bn-cn-p \mep thZ-hm-Wn-Ifpw hmbp-{]m-W\pw kq-Ncm-N-cP-Kv lrZ-bhpw ]rYzn At-l-ns ]mZfpw BIpp. Cu ]c- {_ ]c-ta-iz-c kIe Pohn-I-fp-tSbpw Acym-an-bmb ]c-am-m-hm-Ip-p.

83

b--fpsS hnj-bcq-]--fmb Ggp kan-p-Ifpw Ggp-{]Im-c-a--fn-ep lh-\hpw AXm-bXv _mly-hn-jb cq]-fmb kan-p-IfpsS C{nb cq]-am-Ip An-bn \nt-]-cq-]{In-bbpw Cu C{n-b-fpsS hmk-m-\-cq]-amb k]vX- tem-Ifpw AXn hkn-nv Cu C{n-bcqB ]c-ta-iz-c-\n\n-p-Xs EtKz- Z-nse a{- fpw ]-am-Ip k]vX- {]m-W AXm-Xn-t-Xmb Imcy- \nhkma-th-Z- nse a{- fpw bPpth-Z-nse {ipXn-Ifpw ln-p-p. \n{Zm-k-abw a\-n-t\m-Sp-IqSn Hm-bnv lrZ-bAXp-t]mse bm-Zn-I--fpsS Zobpw Fm-hn-[- cq-]-am-Ip Kpl-bn ibn-p-sIm-n-cn-p Cu Ggnn- ep-ap b-fpw {IXp-fpw Ahbvp \evI-s- t-Xmb kap-Zmbw ]c-ta-iz-c-Zzmcm AJne Pohn-I-fnepw Sp Zn-W-Ifpw Atlw sNbvXn-cnp Cu kwh- m]n--s-n-cn-p-p. -c-cq-]-am-Ip Imes Ahsb sNp--Xn-\p A[n- kw_- w- -C-{]-Imcw Bym-nI hkvXp--fpsS DevIm-cn-bmb bP-am-\t\bpw Ah-bpsS ^e-kz-cq-]--fmb nbpw nXnbpw ]c-ta-iz-c-\n\n-p-Xs Fp {Klnkqcy\pw N{\pw {]Im-in-p-sIm-n-cn-p temI- fpw n-nv ]noSv PK-ns D-nbpw At-l-n\nCh-sbmw Dm-bn-cn-p-p. p-Xs Fp ]d-p-sImv {]I-c-Ws D]-kw-l-cnkw_-w-- C\n tZhm- ZnIfpsS hyXym-k-fpw Fm kZmNm-c-fpw AtX-{_--n\npw D-hn-p. AXns\ hnh-cn-p-p. p-p.

6. Xkvam-ZrNx kma bPpwjn Zom bm kth {IXthm Zn-Wm kwh--c bP-am-\ temIm tkmtam b{X ]htX b{X. kqcyx

Cu ]c-ta-iz-c-\n \npw kakvX kap-{Z-fpw ]X- fpw D-hn-p. CXn\npw ]pd-s-v. At\-Im-Ir-XnB ]c-{_ ]c-ta-iz-c-\n \np-Xs hkp, cp{Z I-tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb \Zn-I {]h-ln-p-sIm-n-cn-p-p. Ct-lBZn-bmbn At\Iw {]Im-c--fn-ep tZh-K-W- D- n\n-p-Xs ka-kvX-Hu-j-[n-Ifpw ck-fpw Dhn-p. At-l-n\n-p-Xs km[y-K-W-fpw ]e-hn- -am-bn-cn-p-p. Xm-c-W-m ]pjvS-amb ico-c[-n-ep a\p-jycpw hn`n PmXn arK-fpw \m\m-Xcw fn AJn-e-n-tbpw A\-- cm- m-hmb B ]c- ta-iz- c, ]n-Ifpw AXp-t]mse ap-Po-h-Pm- e-fpw Dm-bn. Fm- B Fm Pohn-I-fp-tSbpw Bm--tfm-Spw-IqSn AXm-Xp-In- tbpw Poh-cq-]-amb {]mW\pw A]m- \\pw AXp-t]mse fpsS lrZ-b--fn hkn-p-p. kIe Pohn-I-fp-tSbpw Blm-c-cq-]-fmb ]e-hn[ [ym\- kw_- w- B ]c-ta-iz-c-\n \npw Fm D-hn--Xpfpw Dm-bn. At-l-n \np Xs X]w, `n, Im-cWw Ah-sbmw Xs At-l-ns kzcq-]-am-IpkXyw, {_-Ncyw Ch {]I-S-am-bn. bmZn I- p. C{Xbpw ]dv At- ls Adn-bp-- Xp-sIm- p-m\S-p- -Xn-\p hn[n-Ifpw B ]c-ta- iz- c-\n \np-Xs Ip ^es {Kln-n-p-sImv Cu JWvUs kam{]I- S- am-bn. Fmw At- l- n \npw D- hn-p. Atlw ]n-n-pp Xs AJn-en-tbpw ImcWw Fp Xmev]-cyw. -

7. Xkvam tZhm _lp[m kw{]-kqXmx km[ym a\pjymx ]ithm hbmwkn {]mWm-]m\u {holn-bhu X] {im kXyw {_-Ncyw hn[n-.

9. AXx kap{Zm Knc-b kth kvamy-t knhx kh-cq]mx AX khm Hmj-[tbm ck tbss\j `qssX-kvXn-jvTtX ly-cm-m.

X]v AXm-bXv kwb-a-cq] km[-\, Iw AXm-bXv _mly km[-\-hgn-bmbn \S--s-Sp IrXyw, ]c-am-arX {_w Ch-sbmw ]c-a-]p-cpj ]pcp-tjm--a XsAtX ]c- ta-iz-c-\n\npw Ggp {]mW\pw AXm- bXv hnj-b-sf {]Im- in-n- p--Xn\p hntijin-bp Ggv bm-Ip-p. {]nb-iu-\-I, lrZ-b-cq-]-am-Ip Kpl-bn HfnC{n-b I-, Xzv, t\{Xw, ck-\, {]mW n-cn-p A-cym-an-bmb Cu ]c-ta-iz-cs\ bmsXm-cpAXp-t]mse hmWnbpw a\pw a\-tm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bp C{n- Xncn- -d n-b p- pthm Ah Cu a\p-j y- i -c o-c b--fpsS tI, kv]in-, izkn-, kwkm-cn- ns Ahn- Zym- P-\n-X-amb Ax-I-c-W-ns sIp, a\\w sN C{]-Im-c-ap Ggp hrn-Ifpw AXm- Isf XIp-I-f-bp- p. AXm- bXv Fm {]Im-c-n- ep-ap bXv hnj- bs {Kln- n- p--Xn- \p in-Ifpw B C{n- kwi-b--fnepw {`afn-epw-\np cln-X-\mbn ]c-{_-b--fpsS hnj-b-cq-]--fmb Ggp kvanp-Ifpw B C{n- ]p-cp-tjm--as\ {]m]n-p-p.

8. k]vX {]mWmx {]`-hn XkvamXv k]vXmnjx kan[x k]vX tlmamx k]vX Cta temIm tbjp Ncn {]mWm Kplm-ibm \nlnXmx k]vX k]vX.

10. ]pcpj GthZw hnizw-I Xt]m-{_ ]cmar-X w. GXtZym thZ-\n-l nXw Kplmbmw tkm hnZym{Knw hnIn-cn-Xol tkmay.

84

I ZznXob Jw
1. Bhnx kw\n-lnXw Kplm-Ncw \ma al-Xv]-Zass{X-X--anXw GP-Xv{]m-W -n-an-j btZX-m-\Y kZ-k-Zz-tcWyw ]cw hnPvRm-\m-Zy-ZzcnjvTw {]Pm-\mw.
k-i-n-am\pw k-\pw k-hym-]n-bp-amb ]c-ta-iz-c {]Im-i-cq-]-\m-Ip-p. AJne Poh-Pm-e--fpsS AXyw kao-]v Ah-cpsS lrZ-b-cq- ]-am-Ip Kpl-bn Hfn-n-cn-p Imc-Ww-sIm-p-Xs Atlw Kp]vXNc F-t]-cn {]kn--\m-bn-on-cn-p-p. F{Xam{Xw Cf-Ip-Xpw Nen-p-Xpw izkn-p-Xpw I-Sbvp-Xpw Xpd-p--Xp-amb Pohn-I-fptm Ah-sb-mn-tbpw kap-Zmbw Cu ]c-ta-iz-c-\ns nXnsN-p-p. AJn- e-n-tbpw A{i-b-m\w Cu ]c-mhm-Ip-p. \n Ct-l s Adn-b p-hn. Ctlw kpw Akpw AXm-bXv Imcyhpw Imc-ahpw AXpt]mse {]I-Shpw A{]-I-Shpw Fm-am-Ip-p. Fm hn[nepw hc-W-tbm-Kyhpw AXyw t{ijvThpw XYm kakvX-Po-hn-I-fp-tSbpw _pnv Apdhpw BIp-p; AXmbXv _pn-Zzm-cm-A-PvtR-b-am-Ip-p. kw_- w- -AtX ]c-{_ ]c-ta-iz-csc XXzs a\n-em-p--Xn-\p-thn hopw At-l-ns kzcq]s ap hmp-IfnqSn hn-p-p -

3. [\p-Kr--lo-Xzu-]-\n-jZw alm{kw icw lyp]m-km-\n-inXw kw[-boX Bbay XZv `mhKtX\ tNXkm eyw XtZ-hm-cw tkmay hnn.

2. bZn- a - Z y- W pt`ymWp N bkv a nw- t mIm \nlnXm temIn-\- . XtZ-X -Z- cw {_ k {]mW-k vX -Zp-h m-Mva\x XtZ-X - Xyw XZ-arXw XtZz-hyw tkmay-hn-n.
bmsXmcp ]c-{_-]-c-ta-iz-c AXyw tZZo]yam\ {]Im-i-cq-]-am-Ip-pthm bmsXmp kqva-nepw AXnkq- va -am-bn-cn-p- p-thm-am\ {]mIm-i-cq-]-am- Ip-pthm bmsXmp kqva-nepw AXn-kq-- a-am-bn-cn-p-pthm bmsXm-n ka-kX-tem-I-fpw AXp-I-fnse Fm Pohv Pm-efpw nXn-sN-p-pthm AXm-XXv Ch-sbmw bmsXm-ns\ B{i- bn-n- cn- p- pshm AXp-Xs Fm- ntbpw Poh ZmXm-hmb {]mW, AXp-Xs Fm-ntbpw hmWnbpw a\kvkpw AXm-bXv AJn-e-P-K-ntbpw C{n-b-fpw Ax-I-c-W-cq-]-n {]I-S-am-bn-cnp--Xpw. AXp-Xs ]c-a-c-k-Xy-hpw--A-ar-Xhpw Ahn-\min-bmb XXzhpw BIp-p. {]nb-s iu\-I, t`Zn--sSp-hm tbmKy-amb B eys \o t`Zn-p,-A-Xm-bXv C\n ]d-b-s-Sp {]Im-c--fnqSn km[-\-sNbvXv Xb- am-bn-o-cp. kw_- w- -e-ys t`Zn-p--Xn\v Apw hnpw thWw. AXn-\m Cu cq]-I- ns ]q-X-bp-thn v Fm kma-{Kn-I-tfbpw hn-p-p.

F{]-Imcw Hcp _mWs ey-n-te--bp--Xn\p-ap-mbn AXns ap\sb NmW-bn Dcp aq-Iq-pIbpw AXn-tep Xpcp-p-I Fmw Ifv DPvPzebpw Xnf-hpw D-Xm-n-op-Ibpw sNp-pthm AtX-{]-Imcw Xs B-cq-]-am-Ip ics D]m-k-\Zzmcm \n- ehpw ip-hp- amn AXns\ {]W-h-cq- ]- am-Ip [\p-kkn \mbn sXmSp-p-hn-SWw; AXm-bXv Bmv hns\ {]Whns Dm-cWnepw AXns A-cq]-amb ]c-am-Xva-Nn--bnepw kay-m-b-hn-[-n hym]rX-am--Ww. AXn-\ p-tijw bmsXm-cp-h n-[ - n [\pkvkns\ k- i-n-I-tfm-Sp-IqSn henp _mWs eyn-t e- p- h n- S p- pthm Xm- c -W - m AXn\p eys ]q-ambpw t`Zn-p-hm Ign-bp-p. AtX{]-Im-cw-Xs ChnsS `mh-]qNn-tm-Sp-IqSn HmwImc- ns Dm- c Ww AXy- [ nIw \onbpw AXns As {]Km-V-ambn kpZoL-Imew Nnn-p-Xn\pw ]d-bs-n-cn-p-p. AXp-sImv Bmhv \nn-Xcq-]-tm- Sp- IqSn Ahn-\m-in-bmb ]c-am-m-hn {]th- in-pIbpw AXp-ambn XmZmyw {]m]nv Ahn-N- e- nXn {]m]np-Ibpw sNpw. HmwIm-cns t{]a-]q-a m-bp Dm-c-Whpw AXp-t]mse AXns A-cq-]amb ]c-amm-hns {]Km-V-amb Nnbpw At-ls {]m]n-p-Xn-\p ktm--a-amb D]m-b-am-Ip-p. kw_w ]q-a-{-n]-d cq]-Is ChnsS kv]jvS-am-p-p.

4. {]Wthm [\px itcm lymm {_ X- y-a p-NytX A{]-a-t\ thhyw ic-h--tbm `th-Xv.
apI-fn ]d cq]-I-n ]c-ta-iz-cs hmN-I-amb {]Whw (Hmw-Im-cw) [\ppw Cu Pohm-mhp icochpw ]c-{_ ]c-ta-iz-c eyhpw BIp-p. X]-c-X-tbmSp-IqSn At-ls D]m-kn-p km[-I hgn-bmbn am{Xta B eyw t`Zn- - s- Sp-hm km[n- p-p- q. AXn\m tl tkmay, \n\p ]qtm--amb cq]-n B eys t`Znp _mW-t-tm-se-Xs AXn X-bam-bn-o-c-Ww. kw_- w- -hopw ]c-ta-iz-cs kzcq-]s hn-psImv {]am-Z-c-ln-X\pw hnc--\p-ambn AXns\ {Kln-p-Xn-\p-thn {ipXn ]d-bp-p.

5. bkvan Zyux ]rYnho Nm-cn tamXw a\x kl {]mssW kssx

85

Xta-sshIw Pm\Y Bm-\-a\ym hmtNm hnapYm-ar-Xsskyj tkXpx.


bmsXmcp ]c-{_ ]c-am-m-hn kzhpw ]rYznbpw Ah-bpsS CS-bvp kq BIm-ihpw AXp-t]mse kakvX {]mW\pw C{n-bbp--amb a\pw _pn-cq-]amb Ax-I-c- Whpw Fmw DuSpw-]mhpw t]mse- bm- Ip-p, AtX GI km-m-hmb ]c-ta-iz-cs\ \o ]qtm-amb D]m-b-Zzmcm Adn-bq. asm Imcy--tf-bpw, {KmayN-I-sf, kYm Dt]-np If-bq. Ch-sbmw \ns km[-\-Ip XS---fm-Ip-p. AXn-\m Ah-tbmSp kYm hnc--\mbn km[-\-I-fn X-c-\m-bn-o-cp-I. CXp-Xs Aar-X- ns ]mew AXm-b-Xv, kwkm-c-k-ap-{ZnqSn A-sc-I-Sv Aar-X-kz-cq-]amb ]c-am-mhns\ {]m]n-p--Xn-\p ]mew. kw_w hopw ]c-ta-iz-cs kzcq-]s hn-psImv AXns {]m]vXn-m-bp km[-\-I-sf-n ]d-bpp.

XZzn-m-t\\ ]cn-]-iyn [ocm B\--cq-]-a-arXw bZv hn`m-Xn.

bmsXmcp ]c-{_w ]c-ta-iz- c k-\pw Fma-dn-bp--h\pw Fm-`m-K-p-ap Fm-n-t\bpw \mbn--dn-bp--h\pw BIp-p, AXm-bXv tZi-Im-e Atl-ns m\- i-nsb _m[n-p-n-. At-l- ns B-cy-a-lna PK-n {]Xy-- am-W.v AJn-e-n- tbpw Bm-hmb ]c-ta-iz-c ]c-a-thymaw F \ma-m {]kn--amb Znhym-Im-i-cq-]-amb {_-tem-I-n kzcq]- h m- \ mbn nXn-s N- p- p. Fm Pohn-I - f p- tSbpw {]mW\pw ico-chpw \nb-{n-p-sIm-n-cn-p Cu ]c-taiz-c a\-n hym]n-n-cn-p--Xp-sImv at\m-a-b Fp hnfn--s-Sp-p. Fm PohnIfptSbpw lrZ-b-I-a-en\m{ibw \In-smv A-a-b-amb qe-i-co-cn {]Xn-jTn-X-\m-bn-cn-p-p. B\--a-b-\mbn Ahn-\mv in-bmbn k{X {]Im-in-p-sIm-n-cn-p B ]c-{_s _pn-am-m-cmb BfpI hnm\w hgn-bmbn {]XysSp-n-sm-n-cn-p-p. kw_- w- -C\n ]c-am-m-hns m\-^ew ]d-bp-p.

6. Acm Ch cY-\m`u kwlXm b{X \mUyx k GtjmctX _lp[m Pmb-am\x Hman-tXyhw [ymbY Bm\w kzkvXn hx ]mcmb Xakx ]c-kvXm-Xv.
F{]-Imcw cY-N-{I-ns tI{-n IW-m-ep-I LSn-n-n-cn-p-pthm AtX-{]-Im-c-n ico-c-ns Fm \mUn-Ifpw bmsXmcp lrZ-b-n GI{X nX-ambn-cn-p-pthm AtX lrZ-b-n \m\m cq]--fn {]IS-am-p ]c-{_--]-c-am-mhv A-cym-an-cq-]-n hknp-p. Ch-sb-m-n-tbpw Bmhv ]pcp-tjm--as "Hmw' Imc-ns Dm-c-W-tm- Sp-IqSn \nc-- c-ambn [ym\np-sImp hkn-q. C{]-Imcw ]c-am-m-hns HmwIm-c-P]hpw AXns A-`q-X-amb ]c-am-m-hns\ [ym\n-psImv hkn-p--Xn\npw \n B ]c-am-m-hns\ {]m]n-p-h m ka-c m-b n- o-c pw. bmsXm-c p- Am-\m- -Im-c-n\npw kYm AXo-X-\mbpw kwkm- c - k m- K - c - ns A - s cbpw Bbn- c n- pw. "\np awK-f-ap-m-Is' C{]-Imcw BNm-cy D]cyp hn[n-Ifm km[\ A\p-jvTn-p injymsc Bio-Zn-p-p. kw_w hopw ]c-ta-iz-cs kzcq-]ss hn-p-p.

8. `nZytX lrZ-b-{Kn ivOnZyt k-kw-i bmx obt Nmky ImWn XkvanZrjvtS ]cm-h -tc.
Imcy- Im-cW kzcq-]-\mb B ]c-am ]pcp- tjm- - as XXzs {KlnpXn-\p-ta, Cu PU-i-co-css X-fpsS kzcq-]-sap hniz-kn-p PohnIfpsS lrZb-nse Ahn-Zym-cq-]-amb sI-gnp t]mIp-p. am{X- a, Ah-cpsS Fm kwi-b-fpw Ap-t]m-Ibpw kakvX ip`m-ip-`-I-fpw \in-p-Ibpw sNp-p. AXm-bXv B Pohn Fm _-\-fn \npw ap-\m-bnv ]c-am\--kz-cq-]-\mb ]c-ta-iz-cs\ {]m]n-p-p. kw_w B ]c-{_--ns m\w, kzcq-]w, alna Chsb hn-p-p.

9. lncatb ]tc tImti hncPw {_ \njvIew Xvip{`w tPymXnjmw tPymXn-kvX-Zy-Zm-hntZm-h nZpx


\n-e\pw \nn-Im-c\pw Ah-b-h-c-ln-X\pw Bb AJ-WU-]-c-am-mhv {]Im-i-a-b-amb ]c-am-[-a-n hncmv Pn-p-p. Atlw kYm hnip-\pw Fm {]Im-i-bp--fmb ]Zm--fp-Sbpw {]Im-ihpw BIp- p. Atls B- m- \n- I- fmb alm-m- am{Xw Adn- bp- p .

7. bx kx kh-hnZv bsskyj aln-am-`qhn Znthy {_-]ptc tlyj thymav\ymm {]Xn-j vT nXx at\m-abx {]mW-i-co-c-t\Xm {]XnjvTn tXmt lrZbw kw\n-[n-bmb

10. \ X{X kqtcym `mXn \ N{-Xm-cIw t\am hnZyptXm `mn ItXmbanx Xtah `m-a-\p-`mXn khw Xky `mkm k-anZw hn`m-Xn.

86

B kzbw-{]-Imiw ]c-am-\ kzcq-]-\mb ]c-ta-iz-cs kao]w kqcy {]Im-in-p-n-. kqcy-{]-Im-k-n anm-an-\p-ns {]Imkw ep]vXam-bn-o-cp--Xp-t]mse kqcy-tX- Ppw B Ako-a-tX-P-kkns apn \njv{]-`v am-bn- o-c p-p. N{\pw Xmcm-K-W - fpw hnZyppw AhnsS {]Im-i n- p- n- , ]ns Cu temI- nse AnbpsS Imcyw Fn\p ]d- bp-p. Fp-sIm-s- m {]Ir-X-P-K-n {]Imi kz`m-h-tm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bX- Xz--sfmw-X s ]c-{_ ]c-ta-iz-cs {]Im-i -i-n-bpsS Awis e`n- n- p- {]- Im- in- p- p. Ahbvv X- fpsS {]Imi- Isc kao]w X-fpsS {]Imiw Fs\ hym]n-n- phm Ignbpw? Cu kq-P-Kv PK-Zm-Xm-am-hmb ]pcptjm--as {]Im-i-n\npw AYhm {]Im-i-ns Hcp p{ZmwkwsImp {]Im-inp sImn-cn-p-p.

j-tm-Spw-IqSn A\p-`-hn-p-p.ASp-Xp Cuiz-c B I-^-e--tfm-Spw-IqSn A\p-`-hn- p-p. ASp- Xp Cuizc B I-^-e-tfmSv bmsXmcp {]Im-c-nepw teiam-{X-am-bn-tmepw _w-]p-emsX tIhew Ip-sImp-am- {X-an-cn-p-p.

2. kamt\ hrt ]pcptjm \natm \oibm timNXn aply-am\x PqjvSw bZm ]iy-Xy-\y-ao-i aky aln-am-\-anXn hoXtimIx.
t\cs hn--s-n-cp ico-c-cq-]-am-Ip Htc-hr-n lrZ-bm-Ip amf-n hkn-p Cu Pohmmhv XtmSp-IqSn hkn-p ]c-a-kp-lr-mb ]c-taiz-cs\ t\mm-sXbpw ico-c-ns Bk--\mbn AXns \na--\mbn AXm-bXv ico-c-tmSv At`Zyamb aa-X-]p-en AXp-hgn e`y-am-Ip t`mK-kp-J-sf A\p-`- hn-p-sIm-n-cn-p- -Xp-hsc Ak-a-cq- ]-amb Zo\X-bn tamln-X-ambn \m\m {]Im-c-n-ep ZpxJ-sf A\p-`-hn-p-sIm-n-cn-p-p. `K-h Ir]-bm Xn \npw `nhpw \nXyhpw Xs kao-]-p-Xs hkn-p-h\pw ]c-a-k-lr-Zb \pw ]c-a-{]n-b\pw `-m-cm tkhn-X-\p-amb Cuiz-c-t\bpw PK-n `n-`n--co-Xn-Ifn {]I-S-am-bn-sm-n-cn-p At-lns B-cya-bn-b mb aln-a-tbbpw {]Xy--am-b -\ p-`-hn- ptm Ah XWw Xs timI-c-ln-X-\m-bn-o-cp-p. kw_w Cuiz-c-kz-cq-]s hn-p-sImv Atls Xncn--dn-bp--Xp-sIm-p-m-Ip ^es hnp-p.

""{_ss-th-Z-a-arZw ]pc-kvXm-Zv{_ ]m Zv{_lva ZnW-X-tm-tcW A[tm[zw N {]krXw {_lvssa-thZw hniz-anZw hcn-jvTw.


Cu a{-n ]c-am-m-hns k-hym-]IXbpw - k-cq-]-Xbpw {]Xn-]m-Zn--s-n-cn-p-p. Cu Aa-c-cq-]\mb ]c-{_ ]c-amm-hp-Xs apnepw ]nnepw CSpw hepw Dnepw ]pdpw apI-fnepw Xmsgbpw k{X hym]n-n-cn-p-p. Cu hniz-{_-lam--ns v cq]-n Cu k-t{ijvT {_lvaw ImW-s-p-sIm-ncn- p- p.

XrXo-b -ap-W vU Iw
{]Y-a-ImWvUw

1. Zzm kp]m kbpPm kJmbm kam\w hrw ]cn-j-kz-PmtX Xtbm-c-\ymx-]n-ew kzmZz-y \iv\-t\ym A`n-Nm-I -io-Xn.
KoX-bn F{]-Imcw PK-ns\ Aiz--hr--ambn hn--s-n-cn-p-pthm AtX- {]-Imcw Xs Cu a{n ico-cs hS-hr--ambpw Pohm-m-hn-t\bpw ]cam-m-hn-t\bpw ]n-bpsS cq]-ambpw hn-n-cn-p-p. CXp- t]mse Xs-bp h\w ItTm- ]- \n-j-nepw Kplbn {]hn-jvS-amb {]Im-ihpw Ombbpw F t]cn hn-p-v. Bibw cp--epw {]mtbW Hp-X-s. Cu a\pjyicocw hrwt]m-se-bm-Ip-p. Cuiz-c \pw Pohm-mhpw kZm Hn- p-hkn-p- cp Iqp-]-n-Ifm-Ip-p. Ah ico-c-cq-]-am-Ip Cu hr-n Hnp-X-s lrZ-b-cq-]-am-Ip s]mn \nh-kn-p-p. Cu cn Hmb Pohm-mhv B hr- ns ^e-cq-]-amb kzw I-^-e-sf AXm-bXv {]mc-_v[m-\p-k-c-W-ambn {]m]vX--fm-Ip kpJ-Zpx-J-sf Bk-n-tbmSpw hntZz-

3. bZm ]iyx ]iytX cpIva-hw Im-caoiw ]pcpjw {_-tbm-\nw. XZm hnZzm ]pWy-]mt] hn[qb \ncRvP\x ]caw kmay-ap-ss]-Xn.
ap ]d coXn-bn ]c-ta-iz-c-s B-cy-a-bn-bmb aln-abpsS t\tc ZrjvSn-]-Xn-n-p-sImv At-l-n- \-`nap-J-am-bn-tm-Ip Pohm-mhv AJn-e-n-tbpw \nbmhpw {_m-hns t]mepw BZn-Im-c-W\pw kq PK-ns\ krjvSn--h\pw Bb Znhy-{]-Imi kzcq] ]c-a]pcpj]-c- ta-iz-cs\ kmmXv- cn-ptm Ah Xs ]pWy-]m-]-I- sf kaqew \in-nv Ah-bn\npw kYm _-c-ln-X-\mbn ]c-a-\ne\mbn ]c-a-]p-cpjs\ {]m]n-p-p.

4. {]mtWm tlyj bx k-`q-ssXhn-`mXn hnPm-\ hnZzm `htX \mXn-hmZo B-{IoU B-cXnx {Inbmhm t\j {_-hnZzmw hcnjvTx

87

kXyw hnP-bn-pp; Iw hnP-bn-p-n-. ]c-ammhv kXy-kz-cq-]-\m-Ip-p. AXn-\m At-ls {]m]np--Xn\v a\p-jy-cn kXys {]Xn-jvTn-Ww Fp Xm-cyw. ]c-am-m-hns\ {]m]n-p--Xn\v kXyw A\nhm-cy-amb Hcp km[-\-bm-Wv. AXp-t]mse temI-n ap Imcy--fnepw kXyw al-mbn hnP-bn-p-p. anYym-`mj-Ww, Zw`v, Im]Syw Ch sImv D-Xnsb B{K-ln-p-h Ahkm\w \ncm-i-cm-bn-o-cp-p. anYym-`m-j-Ww, anYym- N-cWw Ch kXy-ns ad- hn \S- p--Xp-sImv Nne Ah-bn GXmp kXy-ns Awi-ap-sp hniz-kn-p-p. AXn\npw Ahv Wn-I-amb Aev]-kzev]w em`w Dm-Ip-Ibpw sNp-p. Fm AXns ]cn-Wmaw ip`-am-bn-cn-p-n-. Ah-km\w kXyw kXy-ambpw Ifhp If-hmbpw Xs Ah-ti-jn-p-p. AXn-\m _pn-am-m kXy`mj-Wtbpw kZm-Nm-ctbpw kzmb--am-p-p. Fp-sIm- s- m t`mK- hmk-\-I \jvS-s aljn-K-W- IS-p-t]mb amw FhnsS Ah-km-\n-n-cn-p-pthm AhnsS ]ca [ma-amb kw_w B ]c- am- m- hns {]m]vXn-p km[-\-Isf ]c-am- mhv nXn-sN- p-p. AXv ]ca tZh ]c- am-m- hns\ {]m]n-p--Xn-\p km[-\m-cq-]hpw kXy-m ]cnhnh-cn-pp ]q-hp-amb tZh-bm-\-am-am-Ip-p. AXn Ak-Xy-`m5. ktXy\ e`y-kvX-]km tlyj Bm j-Whpw, Zw`pw Im]-Syhpw Bb Ak-Zm-NW-p kayKv mt\\ {_-N-tcy-W-\nXyw m\-a n-.

k-hym-]n-bmb Cu ]c-ta-iz-cXs AJn-e-ntbpw {]mW-\m-Ipp; ico-cns Fm tNjvS-Ifpw {]mW aqew kw`-hn-p--Xp-t]m-se-Xs hniz-n Fmw Cu ]c-am-m-hns in-sImp kw`-hn-p-sImn-cn-p-p. Fm Pohn-I-fnepw At-l-ns {]Imiw Dv. At-lhpw B Pohn-IfnIqSn {]Im-in-p-sIm-ncn-p-p. Cu kwKXn {Kln-np m\nIfmb `m Hcn-epw Al- m-c-tm-Sp-IqSn s]cp- am- dp-n-. FpsIm-s- m Ahs Dn k-hym-]-I-\mb B ]cta-iz-cs in nXn-sN-pp F-h-\-dn-bp-p. ]ns Ah-s\-n-\l--cn-pp? Ah-\m-Is temI-\--bvpthn `K-h-Zm-m-\p-k-cWw Xs hm-{i-a-n--\pIq-e-am-bn-p I-sf A\p-jvTn-p-sImv Fm-ntbpw Bm-hmb A-cyman `K-hm-\n {IoUn-p-p. Ah kZm `K-hm-\p-ambn can-p-sIm-n-cn-p-p. Cs\-bp `K-h- Zv`- {_-m-\nIfn AXn-t{i-jvT\mIp-p. KoX-bnepw hmkp-tZ-h-cq-]s Zin-p m\nI-fmb `-msc alm-m- Fp ]d-b-s-Sp-p.

Ax-i-cotc tPymXntbm ln ipt{`m bw ]iy-n-b-Xbx oW-tZm-jmx.


AJn- en-tbpw ico-cm-`m-K-p, lrZ-b n, hncm-Pn-p-sIm-n-cn-p ]c-a-hn-ip-\pw {]Im-i-a mb m\-kz-cq-]- \p-amb ]c-{_ ]c-am-m-hns\ Fm tZmj-fn\npw cln-X-\mb {]b-Xv\-io-e-\mb km[-I\p am{Xta Adn-bp-hm km[n-q. kZm kXy-`m-jWw X]-cy, kwb-aw, kzm-Xym-Kw, {_-N-cy-]m-e\w Ch-bn \np-- am-Ip bYm m\w hgn- am-{Xta B ]cam- m-hns\ {]m]n-p- hm Ignbp-p-q. CXn- s\mw hncp-ambn bmsXm-cp- t`mK--fn Bk--\mbpw t`mK-fpsS {]m]vXn-p-thn \m\m-hn-[-n-ep anYym-`m-jW- \S-nbpw Bk-n-h-im \nb-a-{]-Im-c-ap Xs hocys cn-p-hm Ign-hn-m-sXbpw Ign-bp kzm-]-cm-b-W-\mb Ahn-thIn a\p-jy B ]c-am-mhns\ A\p- `-hn-p-n- . Fp-sIm- s- m Ah Atls Bin-p--tX-bn-. kw_- w- -]q-av\-tm---fmb km[-\-I-fn kXyns alna hnh-cn-p-p.

kw_-w-- D-]-cyp---fmb km[-\IfnqSn {]m]yam -Ip ]c-am-m-hns kzcq-]s hopw hn-pp

7. _rl XZv Znhy-a-Nn-y-cq]w kqvam Xq-va-Xcw hn`mXn ZpcmXv kpZqtc XZn-lm-ntI N ]iyzn sslh \nlnXw Kplm-bmw.
]c-{_--]-c-am- mhv Fm- n-t\mfpw alm\pw Znhy\pw Aeu-In-I\pw ANny kzcq-]\pw BIpp; AXm-bXv At-l-ns kzcq]w a\-p-hgn Nnn--sSp-hm Ign-bp--X-. AXn-\m ]c-am-m-hns\ {]m]n-p- Xn\v a\p-jy {i- tbmSpw `n-tbm-Spw-IqSn ]qIYnXamb km[-\-I-fn hym]r-X- cm-bn-cn--Ww. B ]c-am-mhv ANn-y\pw AXp-t]mse kqvan-Xm-kq-vahpw Bbn-cpnpw km[-Is lrZ-bn Xs kzcq-]s kzbw {]Im-in-n-p-Ibpw sNp-p. ]c-am-mhv k{X ]cn]q-\m- Ip-p. Atlw Cm Hcp-m-\hpw Hcn- Spw Ah-ti-jn-p-n-. AXn- \m \mw Fhn-Sw-hsc Zqcs Adn-bp-pthm Atlw AXn-\-p-dhpw \psS Ghpw kao-]pw Dnsbpw hncm-Pn-p-sIm-n-cn-p-p. Fn-\-[n-Iw, ImWp-hcnsemw Xs Ah-cpsS lrZ-bkz-cq-]-am-Ip Kpl-Ifn Atlw Hfnn-cn-p-p. AXp-sImv At-ls At\z- jnp asm-cn-Sp t]mtI Bh-iy-an-.

6. kXy-tah PbXn \m\rXw ktXy\ ]m hnXtXm tZh-bm\x tb\m-{I-a- r-jtbm lym]vX-Imam b{X XXv kXyky ]caw \n[m-\w.

88

hnip--amb Ax-I-c-W-tm-Sp-Iq-Snb a\p-jy t`mK-fn\npw kYm hnc--\mbn \n-e-amb AxI-c-W-tmsS \nc--c-ambn ]c-{_ ]c-ta-iz-cs\ [ym\nB ]c-{_-s a\pjyv Ip-I-fm Zin-pp-p-s h- n Atm At-l s {]m]n- p-h m hm km[y-a; am{X-a-, hmWn apX-emb an-{n-b- Ah\p Ign-bp-p. Fm Ah kYm \njvm-a-\maqehpw Atlw {Kln--s-Sp-n-. AXp-t]mse \m\m-hnbn-cn-p-n-s- n Fsmw temIm-`n-em-j--sf-n [-n- ep-ap X]--cy-Ifmtem I- -fmtem AtNnn- p-pthm A{]-Imcw GsXmw t`mK-sf Cn-pls {]m]n-p-hm km[n-p--X-. Ah-b-h-c-ln-X\pw pthm AXm-Xn-t-Xmb temI-sf Pbn--S-p-p, B ]c-a-hn-ip--\p-amb B ]c-am-m-hn-s\-bm-Is a\pjy temI--fn t]mhp- Ibpw Ahn-Sp t`mK- sf {]m]n-pFm t`mK-kp-J--fnepw \np apJw Xncn-,v B{K-l-c-lnIbpw sNp-p. AXn-\m sFiz-cys A`n-e-jn-p X-\mbn hnip--amb Ax-I-cWw hgn-bmbn \nc--c-ap a\p-jy ico-c-n\npw `n-ambn Bm-hns\ Adn[ym\w-sImv m\- ns \n-e- X-bn IqSn Zin-pbp Ax-I-c-W-bp--amb hnthI ]pcp-js\ tkhn-phm Ign-bp-p. AXn-\m B ]c-am-m-hns\ {]m]n-pIbpw kev-cn-p-Ibpw sN-s. Fp-sIm-s-m hm Bsc-nepw B{K-ln-pp Fn Ah kwkmAh X\n- p- th- nbpw ap- - hp- th- nbpw Fsmw c- t`m- K - -f n\npw kYm hnc- - \ m-b n, Fm B{K-ln- p-p- hthm AXv ]q-ambn `hn- p- p. A`nemjfpw XyPnv GI-am-{X-\mb ]c-{_ ]c-am-mhns {]m]n- p- -X n\v At-l - ns NnZznXo- b -J WvU w bns \na--cm-bn-cn--Ww. kw_w ]q-{]-I-c-W-n hnip-m-x-I-cW-tmkw_w C\n B ]cn-ip ]c-am-mhv Fm lrZ-bSp-Iq-Snb km[-Is Ign-hns\ hn-p--Xn-\p-thn -fnepw hkn-p-p. Fm Fm Pohn-Ifnepw AtkwK-Xn-h-im A`n-em-j-]qn-bpsS Imcyw ]d-tb-ls Fp-sIm- - dn- bp- n? ip- amb Ax- I-c-W- tmXmbn hp. AXp-sImp \njvm- a-`m-hs {]iw-knpw Sp-Iq-Snb a\p-jy F-dn-bpp? CtX-n hnh-cn-p-.p kIm-a-`m-hs \nn-pw-sImv hopw {]I-cWw Bcw`n-p-p. 9. GtjmWpcmm tN-Xkm thZn-Xthym

8. \ Np-jm-Kr-lytX \m]n hmNm \mss\ytZ sshkvX-]km IWm hm m\-{]-k m-tZ\ hnip--k-Xz kvXXkvXp Xw ]iytX \njvIew [ymbam\x

Xw Xw temIw PbtX Xmw Imamw kvXkvam-Zm- w lytbZv `qXn-Imax

bkvan {]mWmx ][m kwhn-thi {]mssW-nw k-tamXw {]Pm\mw bkvan hnipt hn`-h-tXyj Bm.
bmsXmcp ico-cn {]mW, A]m-\, hym\, kam-\, DZm-\ Cu Ap-co-Xn-I-fn-ep {]mW {]thinp {]hn- p-sIm- n- cn-p-pthm AtX ico- c-ns Dn lrZ-b-ns ay`mK-mbn mXr-cq-]-n Adn-b- s-Sp Cu kqva-amb Pohm-mhpw hkn- p-p. Fm Fm Pohn-I-fp-tSbpw Fm Ax Ic-W-fpw {]mW-t\m-Sp-IqSn tbmPnp hn-pp; AXm-bXv Cu {]mW-t\bpw C{n-b--tfbpw Xr]vXn-s-Sp-p-- Xn-\p-mbn-p \m\m- {]- Im-c-n- ep t`mK- hm-k-\-I- fm aen- \hpw p_v[-hp-am-bn-sm-n-cn-p-p. Cm-c-W-m Fm a\p-jypw ]c-am-m-hns\ Adn-bp-hm km[n-p-n-. Ax-IcWw hnip--am-bn--gn-m Pohm-mhv Fm {]Im-c-nepw ka-am-bn-o-cp-p. AXn-\m t`mK-fn\npw hnc--\mbn ]c-am Nn-bn apgp-In-bn-cnpp Fn Atm At- ls {]m]n-p-hm km[np-p. adnv t`mKm-`n-emjfn Bk--am-bn-cn-pp Fn B{K-ln-p t`mK-sf {]m]n-p-p.

1. k sshssZ-XXv ]caw {_-[m-a b{X hnizw \nlnXw `mXn ip{`w D]m-ktX ]pcpjw tb lyIm-a kvtX ip{I-taX ZXn-hn [ocmx
Cs\ bmsXm-cp--\n Cu kq-amb PKv nXn-sN-pp F {]Xo-Xn-bp-m-Ip-pthm B ]c-ahn-ip-\pw {]Im-k-a-b-[m-a-kz-cq-] -\p-amb ]c-{_--]-c -amm-hns\ ka-kX-t`m-K--fn-ep-ap A`n-em-j-sf shdpv p-t]-nv \nc-cw At-ls [ym\np Ign-bp km[-I a\-n-em-p-p. bmsXm-cp- B ]c-am-mhns\ D]m- knp Ign-bp-pthm G{I-am-{X\mb At-l-ss B{K-ln-p-pthm Ah ]q-\n-jm-a-\m-bnv -gn-bpp F Imcyw \n-b-am-Ip-p. bmsXm-cp-hn-[-nep-ap A`n-emjfnepw Ahs a\v Ipcp-p-n-. AXn-\m Ah Cu ctPm-abico-cs XyPnp Ign-bpp. Ah\p ]p\w Dm- Ip-n- . AXn-\m Ahs\ _pn-am-s\p ]d-bp-p. Fp-sIm-s- m bmsXm-cp kmc-h-kXp-hn-\p-thn Akm-c-h-kvXp-sf XyPnv p-pthm Ah _pn-am-\m-Ip-p. kw_w C\n kIma ]pcp-js\ \nn-p-sImv apIfn ]d-np kwKXn kv]jvS-am-p-p.

10. bw bw temIw a\km kwhn-`mXn hnip--kzx Ima-btX bmw Imam

89

2. Imam bxIm-a-btX a\y-am\x k Ima-`n PmbtX X{X X{X ]cym-]vXIm-aky IrXm--\ -kvX zn sslh kth {]hn-eo-bn Imamx.
bmsXm- c p- t`mKsf BZ- c n- p- p-h thm bmsXmcps ZrjvSn-bn Cu temI-n-tebpw ]c-temI-n-tebpw t`mK- kpJ-tl-X p-I-f--fm-b n-cn- ppthm Ah t`mK-sf A`nejnp-Ibpw \m\m-{]-Imc-nep B{K-l- Imc-W-am-bn- s Fhn-s Ssbmw t`mK e`y-am-Ip-hm km[n-ptam Ahn-sSsbmw Im-\p-k-cWw P\n- p-Ibpw sNp-p. Fm bmsXm-cp- `K-hm-s\-s B{K-ln-p-pthm Cu PK-ns kpJ-t`mKsf shdp-tm-Sp-IqSn hon- p-Ign-bp-pthm B hnip--amb Ax-Ic-W-tm-Sp-Iq-Snb `s Fm A`n-em-j-fpw Cu ico- c-nXs hneo\- am-bn- o-cp-p. kz]v\-ntmepw Ahs ZrjvSn t`mK-fpsS t\tc Db-cp-n- . X^-e-ambn Ah\p ac-Wm-\cw \ho\ Pw kzoI-cn-t--Xmbn hcp-n-. Ah `K-hms\ {]m]np P\-\-a- cW _-\--fn \npw kZm ap-\m-bn-o-cp- p. kw_w Ign cp a{fn-embn `K-hms ]c-a{]n-b-cmb bmsXmcp `-m-sc-n hn-n-cn-p-pthm Ahv ]c- am-m- hmb ]c-{_ ]pcptjm-a Zi\w \Ip Imcyw C\n hnh-cn-p-p.

ad-h-en-p-amn Ahs apn Xs kzcq]w {]Xy--sSp-n-m-Wn-p-p.

4. \mb-amm _e-lo-t\\ et`y \ N {]am-Zm--]tkm hm]y-en-MvKm-Xv. GssX-cp-]m-ssbb-XtX bkvXp hnZzmw kvXsskyj Bm hnitX {_-[m-a.
Cu {]I-c-W-n ]d-n-cn-p AJn-e-n-tbpw B-cq- ]- amb ]c-{_ ]c- ta-iz-cs\ D]m-k-\m- _- e- an-m a\p-jy\p {]m]n- p-hm Ign- bp-n- . kakvX t`mK--tfmSp-ap Bi-bp-t]-nv GI-am-{X-\mb ]c-am-m-hns D-Samb A`n-em-j-tm-Sp-IqSn \nc-cw hnip--`m-htm-Sp-IqSn Xs CjvS-tZ-hs\ Nnn-p-Xv D]m-k-\m_-es k-bn--em-Ip-p. C{]-Im-c-ap _e-m cln-X-\m-b- h\v At- ls e`n- p-n-. CXp-t]m-se- Xs Ihy XymK-cq-]am-Ip {]am-Zw-sImpw Atlw {]m]y- \-m-Xm-bn- o-cp-p. AXp-t]mse kmXzn- I-e- - W- fm cln-X- amb kwbacq-]-X-]-p-sImv Hcp km[-I\p {]m]n- p- h m Ign-b p- n- . Fm _pn-a m- \ mb km[I ]qtm---fmb D]m-b--fnIqSn ]cn-{i-anv, AXm-bXv {]am-Z-c-ln-X-\mbn D- S-amb A`n- em-j-tmSp-I qSn \nc-cw B ]c-ta-iz-cs\ D]m-k n-p- pthm Ahs Bmhv ]c-{_-]-c-am-m-hn {]th-in-p-p. kw_w ap]-d coXn-bn ]c-am-m-hns\ {]m]nn-p alm-]p-cp-j-m-cpsS al-Xzs hn-p-p.

3. \mb-amm {]h-Nt\\ et`ym \ ta[bm \ _lp\m {iptX\ btasshj hrWptX tX\ e`y kvXsskyj Bm hnhr-WptX X\pw kzmw.
bmsXm-cp- imkv{X-se ]Tn-nv Bth-i-]qamb {]`m-j-W- -fnqSn ]c-am-- X- Xzs \m\m-{]-Imc-n hn-p-pthm B X-io-e-\mb _pn-am\v At-ls e`n-p-n-. bmsXm-cp- _pn-am-\msW Al- m-c- m {]a--\mbn X- hgn hnthN\w \Sn At-ls a\-n-em-p--Xn\p {ian-ppthm Ah\pw At-ls a\-n-em-p-hm Ign-bp-n. AXp-t]mse Xs ]c-am-- hn-j-b-n hf-sc-b-[nIw tIp-Ibpw {in-p-Ibpw sNbvXnph\pw Atls {]m]n- p-h m Ign-b p- n- . bmsXm-c p-s\ Atlw kzbw kzoI-cn-p-pthm Ah\v At-ls {]m]n-p-hm Ign-bp-p. bmsXm-cp- At-ls {]m]n-p--Xn\v DXv- S-amb C-tbm-Sp-Iq- Sn-bn-cn- p-pthm bmsXm-cp-\v At-l-s-Iq-SmsX Pohn-p-hm km[ya-m-Xn-cn-p-pthm Atlw Ah-sc-s kzoI-cn-pp. bmsXm-cp- Xs _pn-tbbpw km[-\Itfbpw B{i-bn-msX At-l-ns Ir]sb am{Xw {]Xo-np Ign- bp-pthm A-s\-bp Ir]m-\n`-c-\mb km[-Is ta ]c-am-mhv Ir]-bp--h-\mbn Xs tbmK-am-b-bpsS

5. kw{]m-ss]y-\-ar-jtbm m\-Xr]vXmx IrXm-mt\m hoX-cmKmx {]immx tX kKw kh-Xx {]m]y [ocm bpm-m\x k-ta-hm-hn-i-n.
hnip--amb Ax-I-c-W-tm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-hcpw kYm Bk-n-c-ln-X-cp-amb aljn-KWw apsNm coXn-bn Cu ]c-{_ ]c-ta-iz-cs\ \mbn {]m]n-nv m\m Xr]vX-cm-bn-o-cp-p. Ahp bmsXmcphn[-nep-ap A`m-hntbpw t_m[w Dm-Ip-n-. Ch ]q-Im-a-mcpw ]caim- m-cp-ambn Pohn-p-p. Ah X- ms\ ]c- am-m-hp- ambn _- sv At-ls Fm `mK- p- \npw {]m]np \nXy- {_- - n ]q-ambn {]hnjvS-am-Ip-p. kw_w C{]-Imcw ]c-am-m-hns\ {]m]n alm-]p-cpj- m-c psS aln-asb hn- -tijw {_-t em-I-ntebvp t]mbn-p alm-]p- cp-j-m-cpsS apnsb hnp-p.

6. thZm hnm\ kp\n-n-Xmmx kym-k-tbm-KmZv bXbx ip-kzmx tX {_-tem-tIjp ]cm--Imte ]cm-arXmx ]cn-ap-Nyn kth.

90

bmsXm-cp- thZm imkv{Xs kayIv m\Zzmcm AXns A-k z-c q-] -a mb ]c-a m- m-h ns\ \mbpw ZrV- ambpw a\-n-em-p-pthm XYm I-^-en- tbpw Im-k-n-bp-tSbpw XymK-cq-]-tbm-K-cq-]tm-Sp-IqSn bmsXm-cp-s Ax-IcWw XnIpw ipam-bn-o-cp-pthm A-s\-bp {]b-X\-io-ecmb km[v I ac-W-Im-e-n ico-cs XyPnp ]c-{_ ]c-amm-hns Znhy-k-t- X-n {]th-in-p-Ibpw AhnsS ]cam-ar-X-kz-cq-]-\mbn kmwkm-c-_--\-n \npw \nXyambn apn {]m]n-p-Ibpw sNp-p. kw_- w- -bm-sXm-cp-s ]c-am {]m]vXn CtX ico-cns Dm-Ip-p. Ay-Im-ev Ah-s nXn F-s\-bp--Xm-bn-cnpw? Cu B{K- l-n\p adp-]Sn ]dbpp

kYm AIp Pohn-p-p. Fm ]m]-k--b-fn\npw ]q-ambpw IS- p- t]m- Ip- p. lrZ-b- n-ep Fm kwib-fpw Al-mcfpw hnj-bm-k-n-Ifpw thtcmsS \in-nv Aa-c-\m-bn-o-cpp; P\\ ac-W-c-lnX-\m- bn-o-cp- p. kw_- w- Cu {_-hn-Zy-bpsS Ah-Im-insb hnp-p.

XtZ-X-Zr-Nm-`yp-w 10. {Inbm-hx t{im{Xnbm {_-\njvTmx kzbw PplzX GIjnw {i-bx tXjm tasshXmw {_-hnZymw htZX intcm-{hXw hn[n-h-ssZykvXp Now.
bmsXm-ns\ Cu D]-\n-j-n hn-n-cn-p- pthm B {_-hn-Zysb kw_-nv Hcp Imcyw a{- Zzmcm hyam- n-bn- cn-p- p. bmsXm-cp- Xs h-n\pw B{ia-n\pw ]cn-X-n-Xnpw A\p-k-c-Wambn \njvIm-a-`mh-tmsS bYm-tbmKyw I- A\pjvTnp-pthm thZ-nse bYm cl-ky-sf Adn- bp-Ibpw ]c- {_ ]c-am-m-hns\ D]m-kn-p-Ibpw sNp-pthm AXns Pnm-kp-hp-am-bn-cn-p-pthm bmsXm-cp- kzbw ""GIjn'' F \ma-m {]kn--amb t{]mz-en-Xm-nbn imkv{X-hn-[n-b\p-k-cnv {i-tbm-Sp-IqSn lh\w sNp-pthm bmsXm-cp- hn[n-{]-Imcw {_-Ncyw ]men-n-cn-p-pthm Ah-\p-am{Xw Cu {_-hnZy D]-tZin-p- sIm- Sp- -Ww.

7. KXmx Ipemx ]-Zi-{]-XnjvTm tZhm kth {]Xn-tZ-h-Xmkp! ImWn hnm-\-ab Bm ]tchytb kh GIo-`-h-n.
B alm ]pcp-js tZlmy ka-bv ]Xn-\p IeIfpw a\-tm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bp Fm tZh-X-Ifpw Ch-sbmw AXm-Xp-I-fpsS tI{-i-n-I-fntmbn nXn-sN-p-p. Athm- Sp-IqSn B Poh-p-\p bmsXmcp _- fpw Ahti-jn-p-n-. A\-cw Ahs kakvX I-fpw hnm-\-a-b-amb Pohm-mhpw Fmw ]ca Ahn-\m-inbmb ]c-{_--n eo\-am-bn-o-cp-p. kw_w Pohm-mhp ]c- {_- - n F{]-Imcw eo\amIpp? Cmcyw hnh-cn-p-p.

8. bYm \Zyx ky-am\mx kapt{Z kvXw Kn \ma-cqt] hnlmb XYm hnZzm \ma-cq-]mZv hnapx ]cm-Xv]cw ]pcp-j-ap-ss]Xn Znhyw.

11. XtZ-X Xv kXy-ar-j n-c -Mv Kn-c mxh ]ptcm-hmN ss\X-Z-No-{htXm[otX. \ax ]c-a-Ejnt`ym \ax ]c-a-Ejn-`yx. -

{_-hn-Zym-cq-]am-Ip Cu kXys BZyw AwKncp aljn apI-fn ]d-n-cnpw {]Imcw iu\-Ialjnv D]-tZ-in-p-sIm-Sp-p. bmsXm-cp- hn[nHgp-In-sm-n-cn-p \Zn- I Ah-bpsS \ma-cq-]- ]qw {_-N-cys ]men-p-n-tbm Ah\v CXp ]TnFmw XyPnv F{]- Imcw kap-{Z- n ebn-p-tN-cp-pthm p-hm km[n-p-n-. AXm-bXv CXns KqVmw A-s\- Xs m\n- I \ma- cq-]-c-ln- X-cmbn ]cm-]c Znhy {Kln-p-hm Ign-bp-n-. alm-ap-\n-amp \a-kmcw, v ]pcp-j- \mb ]c-{_ ]c-am-m-hn eo\-cm-bn-o-cp-p. alm-ap-\n-amp \a-kvm-cw. C{]-Imcw c-p{]m-hiyw 9. k tbm l ssh XXv]-caw {_ thZ {_ss ap\n-amsc \a-k-cn-p-sImv {K-ns Ays v h `hXn \mkym-{_--hn-XvIpte `h-Xn. XcXn kqNn-n-p-p.

timIw XcXn ]m]v a m\w Kplm- { K- nt`ym hnaptmartXm `h-Xn.


bmsXm-cp- B ]c-{_ ]c-am-m-hns\ Adn-bppthm Ah {_w Xs Bbn-o-cp-p. Ahs hwi- n, AXm-bXv Ahs km- \- - fn Bcpw-Xs {_s Adn-bm--h-cmbn ImWp-Ibn-. Ah Fm {]Im-c-n-ep-ap timI--fn\npw Nn- I-fn\npw

imn- ] mTw
Hmw `{Zw It`nx {iWp-bma tZhm `{Zw ]tiy amm-` n-cy-P{Xmx nssc-c-MvssK-k vXp-j vSphmw kkvX-\q`nhytia tZh-lnXw bZmbpx

91

kzkvXn \ Ct{m hr-{ihmx kzkvXn \x ]pjm hniz-thZmx kzkvXn \kvXmtym Acn-jvS-t\anx kzkvXn t\m _rl-kX]nZ-[m-Xp. v -

Hmw imnx ! imnx ! imnx !!!

CXns Aw Cu D]-\n-j-ns Bcw-`-n sImSp-n-p-v.

amqtIym-]-\n-jv 3 1
imn- ] mTw
Hmw `{Zw It`nx {iWp-bma tZhm `{Zw ]tiy amm-` n-cy-P{Xmx nssc-c-MvssK-kvX p-j vS phmw kkvX\q-`nhytia tZh-lnXw bZmbpx kzkvXn \ Ct{m hr-{ihmx kzkvXn \x ]pjm hniz-thZmx kzkvXn \kvXmtym Acn-jvS-t\anx kzkvXn t\m _rl-kX]nZ-[m-Xp. v Hmw imnx ! imnx ! imnx !!!
fnqSn Ncn-p- hm km[n- p-p. AXn- \m Ah- tcmSpw {]mn-p-Xv DNn-X-am-bn- cn-pw). AJne temI--fnepw kpb-itm-Sp-Iq-Snb tZh-cm-P C{, k--\mb ]pjm, Acn-jS-\n-hm-c-I-\mb Xmy, (K-cp-U) _pnv cm-P-\mb _rl-k]Xn Cu Fm tZh-X-Ifpw `K-hms v Znhy-hn- `q-Xn-I BIp- p. Ch Ftmgpw \psS sFizcy s hn-n--tW. Ch-cpsS Ir]- bm \apv Ftmgpw awKfw Dm-bn-sm-n-cn--tW. Bym-n-Ihpw B[nssZ- hn- Ihpw B[n`uXn- Ihpw Bbp Fm Xm]-pw imn Dm-I-tW.

Kpcp-Ip- e- n hnZy A`y-kn-p injy Xs Kpcp, kl-]m-Tn, am\-h-Ipew Chp awK-f-ap-m- Ip- -Xn-\p tZhX-I-tfmSp {]mn-p-p. tl tZh-K-W-tf! R Cu D]- \n- j-n ]c-{_ ]c-am-m-hns ka{K cq]kzw I- -f nqSn awK-f -I -c -a mb hN-\ - X- Xzs {Kln- n- p-- Xn\v At-ls \mep ]mZ-- fmbn tI- tW. \n, apJ- kXp-Xn, Ak`yw AXp- t]m-ep ap k-ev]n-n-cn-p-p. \ma-n-tbpw \man-bp-tSbpw GIv ]m]-I-c--fmb kwK-Xn-I Ch R-fpsS I--fn Xsb {]Xn-]m-Zn-p--Xn\p {]W-h-ns A, D, av Cu ]Xn-m-Xn-cn--tW. R-fpsS kzw PohnXw bmK-]-cm- aqp am{X-I-tfmSpw am{Xm- c-ln-X-amb At-l- ns Ahyb-Wambn `hn--tW. R kZm `K-hZm-cm-[-\-I-fn -cq-]-tmSpw IqSn ]c-{_ ]ctaizcs Hmtcm ]mZhym]r-X-cm-bn-cn--tW. I-sImp {ihn--am{Xw n\p XpeyX ImWn--s-n-cn-p-p. C{]Imcw Cu a{sNmsX t\{X-sImpw kZm awK-f-I- sf n ]c-{_--]-c-am-m-hns HmwIm-c-am-Ip \mas Zi\w sN-tW. GsX-nepw Aaw-K-f-Im-cn-tbm \mi-n- ka-{K-]p-cp-tjm--a-\n \npw A`n--am-bn--cpXn "Hmw' tep ]Xn-p-sIm-n-cn- p- tXm Bb ImgvN-I R F Cu Acw Xs ]q-{_-hpw Ahn-\m- in-bmb Zin-m-Xn-cn-- tW. R- fpsS Fm Ah-b-h-fpw kpZr- ]c- am-mhpw Fp ]d- b- s-n-cn- p-p. {]Xy-- ambn ImWVhpw AXy-[nIw ]pjvS-hp-am-bn-o-c-tW. R-fpsS s-S p Cu PU-tN-X -\ -I-fpsS kap-Zm-b -cq-]-am-Ip PohnXw t`mK-hn-em-k--fnepw {]am-Z--fnepw IqSn IS-p- kq-P-Kv At-l-ns \nI-S-X- a-amb aln-a-bpsS t]m-Im- Xn-cn- - tW. `K- hm\p {]tbm-P-\-I-c- am-I---hn- [- n- \nZi-\-am-Ip-p. bmsXmcp qehpw kqva-hp-amb ep Bbpp Rp e`n--tW. (tZ-h-I \psS PKv D-hn-nv At-l-ns hneo-\-am-bn--gnFm C{n-b-fnepw hym]nv AXns kwc--Whpw p-thm-bm-sXmv Cu kabw h-am-\-am-bn-c n-pkwNm-e-\hpw \S-p-p. Ah-\p-Iq-e-am-bn-cn-p--Xp- pthm bmsXmv At- l-n\npw Dm- Ip-hm-\n-cn-psImv \psS C{n-bv kpK-a-ambn km-- pthm Ah-sbmw HmwIm-cw Xs-bm-Ip-p. AXm-bXv -

1. Hman-tXy-Z-c-anZw kw Xtkym-]hym-Jym\w `qXw `h-Zv`hn-jy-ZnXn k-tam-mc Gh. bm\yXv {XnIm-em-XoXw XZ-t]ym-mc Gh.

92

I ]c-{_--]-c-am- mhp Xs-bm-Ip- p. AXp-t]mse


bmsXmv {XnIm-e-pw AXo-X-ambn CXn\npw `n-am-bn-cn-p-pthm AXpw HmwImcw Xs-bm-Ip-p. AXm-bXv Imc-Ww, kqvaw, qew Cu aqp t`Z-tfmSpw IqSnb PKpw CXns\ hln-p-sIm-n-cn-p-p. ]c-{_-ns bmsXm-cwiw CXns B-cq-]-nepw B[m-c-cq-]-nepw {]Im-in-p-sIm-n-cn-p-pthm ]c-amm-hns B kzcq]w A{X Xs-b; Atlw AXnt\m thdn-n-cn-p-p. AXp-sImv At-l-ns k]vj-S-am-bn-cn-p Awihpw AXn--Xo-X- ambn as-sm-aptm AsXmw IqSn-bm am{Xta ]c-{_--]-c-am-mhns ka-{K-amb cq]-am-Ip-p-q. bmsXm-cp- ]c-{_-s kmIm-c-amtbm \ncm-Im-catbm AYhm kYm \nhn-ti-j-amtbm am{Xw Icp-Xppthm At-ls k--X, km-[m-c-X, k-Imc-W-X, B\-w, hnm\w apX-emb kKp-W--fm ks\p {Kln- m-Xn-cn-p-pthm Ahscmw B ]c{_-ns Hmtcmtcm Awi-s-am{Xw ]c-am-m-hmbn {Kln-p-p. ]q-{_ ]c-am-mhp kmIm-c\pw \ncmIm- c\pw BIp-p. AXp-t]m- se-Xs kmImc \cm-Imc cq] cn\npw cln-X\pw BIp-p. ]q-cq-]-tmSp-Iq-Snb Cu PKv At-l-ns Xs kzcq-]-am-Ipp. Fm Atlw CXn\npw kYm `n\pw BIp-p. Atlw k-Kp-W-cln-X\pw \nhn-ti-j\pw k-Kp-W-k--\pw Bbn-cp-n-p-IqSn At-ls kmw-K-]q-s\p KWn-p-p. kw_w Fmw HmwIm-c-am-Ip--sX- s\? AtX-n ]d-bp-p.

3. PmK-cn-Xmt\m _ln-jv{]x k]vXmMvK GtIm-\ - h nw-i -X n-apJx qe-` p-Kvs sh- i zm-\ cx {]Yax ]mZx

]c-{_ ]c-am-m-hn\v B \mep ]mZ- Fs\ F{]-Imcw Dmbn? Cu Imcyw {Kln-n-p--Xn\p Pohmm-hn-sbpw AXns qe-kq-va-Im-cW ico-c--fptSbpw DZm-l-cWw hgn B ]c-am-m-hns ]mZ--fpsS h\ {Ia-ambn sNp-p. Ah-bn BZy-]m-Zs Cu a{- n hn-n-cn-p-p. F{]-Imcw Pm{K-Z-h- -bn Cu qeicoc-ns Alw-Im-cn-bmb Pohm-mhv incp-ap-X ]mZw hsc Ggv AwK--fm bp-ambn qehn- j-b-sf D]-t`m-Kn-p- -Xn- \p Zzmc-cq-]-- fmb ]n{n- b- fpw Ap-{]m-W\pw \mev AxIcW-fpw C{]Imcw B ]sm]Xp apJfnqSn hnjbsf A\p-`-hn- p-I bpw AXns Adnhp _mly-P-K- n hym]n-p-sIm-n-cn-p-Ibpw sNp-pthm AtX-{]-Imcw Xs k]vX- temI cq]fm-Ip k]vXmwKfpw C{nb kaq- l hpw {]mW\pw A x- I - c - W hpw Cs\ ]sm]Xp apJ--tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb Cu qe-P-K-{Zp-]-amIp ico-c- ns Bmhv bmsXm-cp- Fm tZh- XIfpw ]nXrfpw a\p-jycpw Bb kakvX Pohn-I-fp-tSbpw t{]c-I\pw kzman-bp-am-b-Xp-Im-cWw Cu qe PK-ns mXmhpw t`mm-hp-am-bn-cn- p-pthm bmsXm-cp- s {]Im-i\w Cu {_m-WU-n kw`-hn-p-sIm-n-cn-pv pthm AXv k-cq] sshizm-\-c-\mb B ]c-{_ ]cta-iz-cs Hm-as ]mZ-am-Ip-p. Cu hniz-tbpw AXnse a\p-jy-tcbpw Iqn sshizm\-cy Fp ]d-bp-p. Cu hypev]n A\p-k- cnv qeP-{Zp] ico-ctm-Sp-Iq-Snb k-cq-]\mb PK-Zo-iz-cs\ ChnsS sshizm-\-c Fp hnfn-p-p.

2. kw tlyXZv {_m-b-amm {_tkm bamm NXp-jv]m-Xv.


Cu kq-amb PKv {_-n\npw HpwXs `n-amb H- . Fmw {_hpw HmwImcw AXns \mahpw Bb-Xp-Im-cWw \man-b n\npw A`n-hpw BIp-p. Cmcyw BZy- a-{- nXs ]d-p-I- gn-ncn-pp; Fp-sIm-s- m Cu ]q-{]-]w B ]c{_ ]c-ta-iz-cs ico-chpw Atlw CXns A-cyman-bmb Bmhpw BIp-p. AXn-\m B km-m-hpXs {_-am-Ip-p. B ]c-am-mhp apt ]d-- t]mse \mep ]mZ--tfm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-h-\m-Ip-p. hmkvX-h-n AJWvU\pw \nc- h-b-h- \p- amb B ]c-{_--]- c- am- m- hns\ \mep ]mZ--tfm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bh Fp ]d-bpXp icn-b. Fncp-mepw At-ls ka-{K-cq-]-n hymJym-\n-p-Xv At-l-ns kv]jvS-X-bpsS {]Im-c-t`-Z-sf {ipXnI fn ]e m\pw \mep ]mZ--tfm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-h Fp hn`m-h\w sNbvXn-p-v. AtX ho-W-ns ChnsSbpw {ipXn ]dbp-p.

4. kz]v\-mt\mx {]x k]vXmwK GtIm\- h nw- i - X n- a pJx {]hn- h n- - ` pIv ssXPtkm ZznXobx ]mZx
Cu a{-n ]q-{_ ]c-am-m-hns cmas ]mZs hn-p-p. F{]-Imcw kz]v\m-h-bn kqv a-i-co-c-ns A`n-am-\n-bmb Pohm-mhv t\ct ]d--Xp-t]mse kqva--fmb Ggw-K--tfmSv ]sm]Xp apJ--tfm-Spw-IqSn kqva hnj-bsf D]t`mKw sNp-Ibpw AXns AXns m\w hym]n-n-p-Ibpw sNp-pthm AtX {]Imcw Xs bmsXmv qem-h- -bn \np `n-ambn kqva-cq-]n ]cn-W-anp k]vX-tem-I-cq-]ab k]vXmw-K-fpw XYm C{n- b w, {]mW , A - I x- I - c - W - c q- ] - a mb ]sm]Xp apJ--fm bp-amb kqva PK-{Zp-]-amIp ico-c-n nXn-sN-p AXns Bmhv lncWy-K`-am-Ip-p. AXv kakvX PU-tN-X-\m--I-fmb kqva-P-K-ns ka-kvX-X-Xz--fp-tSbpw \nb-mhpw mXmhpw AJn-e-tbpw Xn-tebvv {]thinn-p-

93

I sIm-n-cn-p--h-\p-am-Ip-p. AXn-\m AXns t`mm


hpw ]cn-N-bm-c\pw Fp ]d-bs-Sp-p. Cu tXPv AXm-b-Xv kqva-{]-Im-i-amb lncWy K`w B ]q {_ ]c-am-m-hns cm-as ]mZ-am-Ip-p.

sbmw ]c-ta-iz-cs \ma- Xs-bm-Ip-p. {]tXyIw {]tXyIw nXn- I-fn At-l-ns h\w `n `n \ma--fm sN-s-n-cn-p-p.

5. b{X-kp]vtXm \ I\ Imaw Ima-btX \ I\ kz]v\w ]iyXn Xpjp]vXw. kpjp-] vX - m\ GIo `qXx {]m-\-L\ Ghm-\--atbm lym\ `pIv tNtXm-apJx {]m-kvXr-Xobx ]mZx.
Cu a{- n Pm{K-Z-h--bpsS Imc-Ww, ebm-h cq]-amb kpjp]vXn Ch-tbm-Sp-IqSn {]f-b-Im-e-n nXamb PK- ns kam-\-Xsb ImWn- p--Xn\p thn BZyambn kp{]-kn--amb kpjp-]Xy-h- -bpsS eWw ]dv np ]noSp ]q-{_ ]c-am-m-hns aqm-as ]mZw hn--s-Sp-p. bmsXm-c-h--bn Dd-n-smn-cn-p a\p-jy bmsXm-cp-hn[ t`mK-tfm B{K-ltfm A\p- `- h- tfm {]m]n-m-cn- Xn-cn- p-pthm AXp-t]mse-Xs bmsXm-cp-X-c-n-epap kz]v\-fpw ImWm-Xncn-p-pthm A-s\-bp B Ah-sb kpjp-]vXnsbp ]d-bp-p. Cu kpjp-]Xnp kZr-i-ambn bmsXm v pw {]f-b-Im-en PK-ns Imc-Wm-h--bm-bn-cppthm bmsXm- n \m\m "cq]' fpsS {]kv]-jvSX CmXn-cn-p-pthm A-s\-bp Ahy {]Ir-Xn-Xs bmsXm-ns ico-c-am- bn-cp-pthm AXp-t]mse bmsXmv AZzn-Xob cq]-n nX-am-bn-cp-pthm D]-\n-j-p-Ifn bmsXm-ns h\w Nne-bn-Sv "kXv' F t]cnepw ap-Nn-ebn-Sv Bm-sh t]cnepw {]I-S-am-Ippthm bmsXm-ns GI-am-{X-tN-X\ ({]-Im-iw) Xs apJ-am-bn-cn-p-Ibpw B\w Xs t`mP- \-am-bn-cn-p-Ibpw sNp-pthm B hnm-\m-amb {]m Xs B ]q {_-ns aqm-as ]mZ-am-Ip--X.v kw_w apIfn ]d-n-cn-p {_-ns ]mZ-fmb sshizm-\-cw, ssXP-kw, {]mw Ch BcpsS t]cm-Ip-p. CXns\ hnh-cn- p-p.

kw_w C\n ]q-{_ ]c- am-m-hns \mem-as ]mZs hn-p-p.

7. \mx-{]w \ _ln-j v {]w t\m`-b Xx {]w \ {]m-\-L \w \ {]w \m{]w. AZr-jvS-a-hy-h-lm-cy-a-{Km-lya e-WaNn- y-a-hy-] -tZ-i yta Im-{]-X y-bkmcw {]]tm- ] - i aw imw inh- a- s sZzXw NXpYw a\yt k Bm k hnt-b:
Cu a{-n \nKpW \ncm-Im-c-\nhn-tij kzcq]s ]q- {_- - ]- c- am- m-hns \mem- as ]mZw Fp ]d- n-cn-p-p. bmsXm- ns m\w shfn- bn\npw AI-p-\npw cp-h-i--fn \npw e`y-a-m-Xn-cn-ppthm bmsXmv m\-kz-cq-]-ambncnp-n-tbm Adnb-s-Sm-Xn-cn-p-pthm bmsXmv ZrjvSn-tKm-N-c-am-bn-cn-pn-tbm bmsXm-n-s\-n Nnn-p--Xn\pw ]d-bp-Xn\pw km[y-a-m-Xn-cn-p-pthm bmsXm-n\v bmsXmcp e-W-hp-an-m-Xn-cn-p-pthm bmsXm-n Fm {]]-n-sbpw A`mhw Dm-bn-cn-p-pthm bmsXm-n GI-am{X ]c-{_ k-bpsS {]XoXn {]am-W-am-bn-cn-pp-thm--C-s\ kYm imhpw Ieym-W-a-b-hp-amb AZzn-Xo-b-XXzw ]q- {_- -ns \mem- as ]mZw Fp Icp-Xp-p. C{]- Imcw bmsXm-ns\ \mep ]mZ--fmbn hn`Pnv hn-n-cn-p-pthm Atlw ]q-]-c-{_--am-Ipp. At-l-s- s Adn-b-Ww. hmkvX-h-n Ah-b -h-c-l n-X-\mb ]c-am-m-h n\v bmsXmcp `mK-hp-an-sp kv]jvS-am-Ip-p. bmsXmcp ]q-{_-]-c-am-mhv qe-P-K-n ]cn-]q-\m-bncn-p-pthm Atlw Xs kqvahpw Imc-W-P-Kns A-cym-anbpw A[n-jvTm-Xmhpw BIp-p. AXpt]mse Atlw Xs Ch-sb-m-n\npw thdnv \nhn-tij ]c-am-m-hmbpw Ccn-p-p. Atlw ki-n-am\pw Fm in-I-fn\npw cln-X\pw BIp-p. Atlw kKp-W\pw \nKp-W-\p-amWv; kmIm-c\pw \ncmIm-c-\p-am-Wv. hmkvX-hn Atlw \psS _pnpw Nnbvpw kYm AXo-X-\m-Ip-p. kw_w ap]-d ]c-{_ ]c-am-m-hns\ hmN-Iamb {]W-h-tm-Sp-IqSn GIo-I-cn-p-sImp ]d-bpp

6. Gj kth-izc Gj k Gtjmcymtayj tbm\nx kky {]`m- h m-] ybu ln `qXm-\mw.


bmsXmcp ]c-ta-iz-c aqp ]mZ--fpsS cq]-n hn--s-n-cn-p-pthm Atlw kq Cuiz-ctbpw Cuiz-c BIp-p. Atlw Xs k-\pw Fm-n-tbpw A-cym-an-bp-am-bn-cn-p-p. Atlw Xs AJne PK-n-tbpw Imc-W-\m-bn-cn-p-p. Fp-sIms- m Fm Pohn-I-fp-tSbpw D-nbpw nXnbpw ebhpw Bb m\w Atlw Xs-bm-Ip-p. A]qhn-X--fmb sshizm-\-cw, ssXP-kw, {]mw Ch-

8. tkmbam-m-y--c-tamw-Imtcm[nam{Xw ]mZmam{Xm am{Xm ]mZm AImc DImtcm aImc CXn.


\mep ]mZ--tfm-Sp-IqSn hn--s-n-cn-p B ]c{_ ]c-am-m-hv, ChnsS A-c-ns {]I-c-W-n Xs \ma-n\npw A`n--am-b-Xp-Im-cWw aqp-am-{XI-tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb HmwIm-c-am-Ip-p. A, D, av Cu aqp-am-{X-

94

I I Xs At-l-ns D]-cyp--amb aqp-]m-Z-fpw


At-l-ns aqp ]mZ- Xs HmwIm- c- ns aqpam-{X-Ifpw BIp- p. F{]-Imcw HmwIm-c-n\p kzw am{XI-fn\np thdn-n-cn-p-hm km[n-p-n-tbm AtX- {]Imcw Xs Xs ]mZ--fn\npw ]c-am-mhv thdnp \np-n-. ChnsS ]mZ-n-tbpw am{X-bp-tSbpw GIX Hmmcw hgn-bmbn ]c-{_ ]c-am-m-hns\ D]m-kn-p-Xn-\p-thn sN-s-n-cn-pp Cs\ tXmp-p. kw_w HmwIm-c-ns GXp-am-{Xbpw {_-ns GXp-]m-Zhpw GI-cq-]-am-bn-cn-p-Xv Fp-sImv? CXn\p-ta aqp- am-{X-I-fpsS clkyw a\-n-em-p--Xn\v {]Ya-ambn BZy-]m-Z- n- tbpw BZy-am-{X-bp-tSbpw GI-Xsb {]Xn-]m-Zn-p-p.

9. PmK-cn-Xmt\m sshizm-\tcmImcx {]Yam am {Xm]v t Xcm- Z n- a - zmZzm]v t \mXn l ssh khm Imam\m Zn-`-hXn b Ghw thZ.
]c- {_ ]c-am- m-hns \mam- - I- amb HmwImc-ns BZy- am-{X-bmb "A' CXv temI-nep Fm t]cp- I-fnepw AXm-bXv GsX-nepw As [z\n-n-p Fm hmp-I-fnepw hym]n-p-In-S-p-p. kzcw AYhm hy \w bmsXmcp hhpw AIm-c-c-ln-X-am-bn-cn-p-n. Fm h--fnepw "A' Xs BZy-h-am-Ip-p. CXp-t]m-se-Xs Cu qe PK-Zvcq-]-hn-cmSv ico-c-n B sshizm- \-c-cq-]m--cyman ]c-ta-iz-c hym]vX-am- bn-cn- pIbpw hncmSv cq]-tm-Sp-IqSn BZyw kzbw {]I-S-am-IpIbpw sNbvX- Xp- Im- cWw Cu PK- ns BZnbpw Atlw Xs- bm- Ipp. C{]-Imcw "A' bpw "PKpw' t]mse {]Xy-ambn ImW-s-Sp Cu qe PK-{Zp-]i-co-c-n hym]n-n-cn-p sshizm-\-c Fp-t]-cp {]Ya ]mZns GIX Dm-b-Xp-Im-cWw "A' Xs ]q-{_-]-c-ta-iz-cs BZy-]m-Z-am-Ip-p. bmsXmcp a\pjy C{]Imcw AIm-c-tbpw hncmSv ico-c-ns Bm-hmb ]cta-iz-c s GI-X- tbbpw {Kln- p-pthm D]m-kn- ppthm Ah Fm A`n-em-j--tfbpw AXm-bXv Cn-Xh-kvXp--tfbpw {]m]n-p-Ibpw temI-n k-am-\y\m-bn-o-cp-Ibpw sNp-p.

CXpt]mse Xs sshizm- \- c-t\- m ssXPkw (ln-c-WyK`w) DXvIr-jShpw XYm sshiz-t\-c-tbpw {]m-bpv tSbpw a[y-K- X- am- b- Xn- \m AXv D`b kw_-- Cbpw BIpp. Cu kam-\X ImcWw Xs "D' "ssXPkw' F t]cn ZzXob ]mZ-ambn ]d-bs-Sp-p. Cu qe-P-Kns {]Xy--Xbvp ap]p ]ctaizcs BZn- k--ev]Zzmcm bmsXmcp kqv akrjvSn D--am-bn-cp-pthm bmsXm-ns h\w am\-k-krjvSn F t]cn hcppthm bmsXm-n kakvX XXz-fpw Xm-{X-IfpsS cq]-n hkn-p-pthm qe-cq-]- ]cn-W-an-mXn-cn-p-p-thm, B kqva PK-{Zq-]-i-co-c-n tNX-\m{]-Im-i-kz-cq-]-ln-c-Wy-K` ]c-ta-iz-c CXns A[n-jTmv Xm-hmbn hkn-p-Ibpw Imc-W-P-Kpw qe-P-Kpw Ch-c-nepw \np-Xs kqva PK-p-ambn L\n-jvSkw-_ w Dm-I p- p. AXn-\m Ah Imc-W hpw kvYqehpw cp-cq]tfmSpw IqSn-b-h-bm-Ip-p. CXpt]mse "D' hntbpw am\-kn-I-kr-jSn-bpsS A[n-jvTm-Xmv hmb ssXP- k-cq]w cm-as ]mZ-ns kam-\X hlnp-Xp ImcWw "D' Xs ]q-{_ ]c-ta-iz-cs cm-as ]mZw BIpp. bmsXm-cp- C{]-Imcw "D' hnsbpw tXtPm-a- b-amb lnc-Wy-K`-cq-]-n-tbpw kam\-X- bpsS cl-kys a\-n-em-p-pthm Ah kzbw Cu PK-ns kqva-X- Xz-sf \-Xp-t]mse {]Xy-s-Sp-p-p. CXp-Im-cWw Cu m\-ns ]c--csb D-X-amn AXns\ hfn k{X ka-`m-h-tm-Sp-IqSn- b-h-\m-bn-o-cpp; Fp-sIm-s-m PK-ns kqva -X -X z-sf a\- n-em- n-b-Xp-I m-cWw AXns bYm-c-lkyw _pn-bn hcp--Xn-\m AXns sshj-ay- \in- p- t]m-Ip-p. CXn-\m Ah- \n \npw P\n km-\--fn lnc-Wy-K`-cq-]-\mb ]a-tc-iz-cs D]-cyp--amb cl-ky--f psS m\w Cm--h-cmbn Bcpw Dm-bn-cn-p-I-bn-.

11. kpjp-]vX-m\x {]mtm aIm-c-kvXr-Xobm am{Xm antX-c -]o-tXhm ant\mXn l hm CZw k-a-]o-Xn `hXn b Ghw thZ.

]c-am-m-hns \ma--Iamb HmwIm-c-ns aqmas am{X-bmb "a' FXv "am' [mXp-hn\n-p--hn-kw_w C\n cm-as ]mZ-tbpw cmw-am-{X- Xm-W.v "am' F [mXp-hns Aw Af-pI AXm-bXv tbbpw Ah-bpsS GIo-I-c-W-tbpw {]Xn-]m-Zn-p-p. C hkvXp C{X-bpv Fp a\-n-em-p-Ibm-Wv. Cu 10. kz]v\ - m-\ -k v s sX- P k DImtcm ZznXobm "a' HmwIm-c-ns An-a-am-{X-bmWv; "A' "D' Ch-bpsS amt{Xm-XvIjm-Zp-`b-Xzm-tZzm-XvIjXn l ssh ]nmse D-cn--s-Sp-p. Cm-c-W-m cn-sbpw m\ kXnw kam-\ `hXn \mkym-{_- Afhv CXn hcp-p. AXn-\m CXv Ahsb \-Xpt]mse Adn-bp- p. AXp- t]mse "a' bpsS Dm- cWw sImv -hn-XvIpte `hXn b Ghw thZ. apJw AS-bp-Ibpw sNp-p. "A' bpw "D' hpw cpw ]c-{_ ]c-am-m-hns \mam--I-amb Hmw Imc- AXn hneo-\-ambpw Xocpp; AXn-\m CXv B cp-amns cm-as am{X-bmb "D' "A' sbm DXvIr-jS- {X-I-tfbpw Ah-km\w hneo-\-am-p-Xpw BIp-p. CtXv am-b-Xp-Im-cWw t{ijvThpw "A' bptSbpw "a' bptSbpw {]-Imcw Xs kpjp-]X-m-\ob Imc-W- P-K- ns A[nv CS-bm-b- Xp- Im-cWw Ah cn-t\mSpw At`-Zy-amb kw_- jvTn-X m-hmb {]mbpw k--\m-Ip-p. qew, v - ap-X m-Wv. AXn-\ m CXv D`b kzcq-] -am-Ip- p. kqvaw, ImcWw Cu aq-h-Ifnepw nXn-sN- -

95

I p PK-ns\ Adn-bp--h\pw BIp-p. Imc-W-P-Kn\n-p-Xs qehpw kqva-hp-amb PK-p- D-hn-p-Ibpw AXns Ah-bpsS eb\w kw`-hnp-Ibpw sNp-p. C{]-Imcw "a' bpsSbpw Imc-W-P-Kns A[n-jvTm-Xm-hmb {]mPvR Fp-t]-cp aqmas ]mZ-n-sbpw kaXzw D-Xp-sImp "a' bpw "{]m' kzcq-]-]c-ta-iz-cs GI-X-sbbpw Adn-bppthm Cu cl-kys {Kln-nv HmwIm-c-ns kvacWm-Zzmcm ]c-ta-iz-cs\ Nnn-p-pthm Ah aqe-k-lnX-amb kq-P-K-ns\ \-Xp-t]mse Adn-bp-Ibpw Fm-n-t\bpw hneo-\-am-p-Ibpw sNpp; AXm-bXv Ahs _mly ZrjvSn Ah-km-\n-p- p. AXn-\ m Ah k{X GI-]-c- {_ ]c-ta-iz-c-s\-s t\mnsm-n-cn-p--h- \m-bn-o-cp-p. kw_- w- -am-{Xm-c-ln-X-amb HmwIm-c- ns \memw-]m-Ztm-Sp GIo-I-c-Ws {]Xn-]m-Zn-p-sImv Cu D]-\nj-ns\ D]-kw-l-cn-p-p.

cl-kyhpw {Kln-nv ]c-{_ ]c-am-m-hns\ {]m]n-p- Xn-\p-thn At- l- ns \ma-P-]s Ah- ew-_- amn X]-tm-Sp-Iq-Snb km[\ \S-p-pthm Ah \n-tl- ambpw Bm-hn\npw Bm-hn AXm-bXv ]cm-Xv]c-]-c- {_-]-c-am-m-hn {]th-in-p-p. bmsXm-cp- C{]- Imcw {Kln- pp Fp hmIys cp {]mhiyw D-cn-nv D]-\n-j-ns kam-]Xnsb kqNn-n-p-p. v

12. Aam-{X- XptYmhyh-l mcyx {]]-tm-] iax inthmssZzX Gh-tam- mc Bssh kwhn-i-XymXv a\mm\w b Ghw thZ b Ghw thZ.

]c-{_--]-c-am-m-hntbpw At-l-ns \ma-ntbpw alna A]m-c-am-Ip- p. CXns Ac IS-p-hm Bpw km[y-a-. Cu {]I-c-W-n B Ako-a-]q {_ ]c-am-m-hns \mep ]mZ--fpsS Iev]\ At-lns qe, kqva, Imc-W--fmb aqp kKpW cq]-fp-tSbpw \nKp-W-\n-cm-Imc kzcq-]-ns GI-tXbpw ImWn-p--Xn-\p-th-nbpw AXp-t]mse \ma-n- tbpw \man-bp-tSbpw Fm-{]-Im-c--fn-epap GI-tXbpw ImWnp- -Xn\pw AXp-t]mse At-l- n\n-pw A`n- amb ANn-y-i-n-tbbpw k- am\ kmay-tbpw ImWnp- - Xn- \pw- thn sN- s- n- cn- pp Fv A\p- am- \n- p- p.

imn- ] mTw
Hmw `{Zw It`nx {iWp-bma tZhm `{Zw ]tiy amm-` n-cy-P{Xmx

]c-{_ ]c- am-m- hns \mam- - I- amb HmwIm- c- ns am{Xm-c-ln-X- amb kwkm-c-n hcm--Xm-b, \ncm-Im-cnssc-c-MvssK-k vXp-j vSphmw kkvX-\qkz-cq]w AXp a\-n\pw hmWnpw Ahn-j-bam-b-Xp`nhytia tZh-lnXw bZmbpx sImp hyh-lm-c-n sImp- h- cp-hm k[y- a- m-Xpw kzkvXn \ Ct{m hr-{ihmx kzkvXn \x {]]--n\n-p- a-Xo-Xhpw Ieym-W- a-bhpw AZzn- Xo-bhpw ]pjm hniz-thZmx B \np-W-\n-cm-Im-c-cq-]-amb \mem-as ]mZ-am-Ip-p. kzkvXn \kvXmtym Acn-jvS-t\anx F{]-Imcw aqp-am-{X-I-fpsS t\c-t]dn-p aqpkzkvXn t\m _rl-kX]nZ-[m-Xp. v ]m-Z--tfm- sSm-p kam- \-X-bp-m-bn-cn-p-pthm AtX{]-Imcw Xs HmwIm-c- \n-cm-Im-c-kz-cq-]-ns ]c-{_--]Hmw imnx ! imnx ! imnx !!! c- am-m-hns \nKp- W-\n-cm-Imc \nhn- ti- j-cq-]- amb \memCXns Aw Cu D]-\n-j-ns Bcw-`-n as ]mZ-tm-Sp kaXzw Fp `mhw. bmsXmcp a\pjy Cu hn[w HmwIm-chpw ]c-am-m-hns GI-X-bpsS sImSp-n-p-v.

Iujo-XIn {_-tWm-]-\n-jv3 1
imn-]mTw
Hmw. hmMv ta a\kn {]Xn-jvTn-Xm. at\m ta hmNn {]Xn- j v T n- X - a m- h n- c m- a . G[n thZky a AWox {ipXw ta am {]lm-ko-c-t\-\m-[otX \mtlm-cm-{XmXv kwZ-[m-an. EXw hZn-jyman kXyw hZn-jym-an. Xm-a-hXp. XZv hm-ca-hXp. AhXp - amw. AhXp hmcw Hmw. imnx imnx imnx

96

Hmw. Fs hmv a\-n nc-am-bn-cn--s. hmn a\v nc-am-bn-cn--s. kzbw {]Im-im-m-th, Av Fs apn {]Xy--am-Ip-I. tl hmWn, tl a\-t, \n cp-t]cpw Fs thZ-m-\n\v B[m-c-amIp-p. AXn-\m Fs thZm-[ym-b-\s XS-b-cp-tX. Cu thZm-[y-b\s XS-b-cp-tX. Cu thZm-[y-b-\-n Rm cm{Xnbpw ]Iepw Nne-h-gn- p- p. Rm EXw ]dbpw kXyw ]dbpw Fs cn-mepw hm-hns\ cnmepw Fs cn-m-epw.

Dm-e-I m\-Xr-jW-tbmsS Nn{Xs ASp-p-sNv v ]dp: "m\mP-\-n-\mWv Rm\n- hnsS hXv'. Dme-Is Dtiyw AXm-sW-Xn Nn{X\v kwi-b-ap-mbn-cp-n-.

Hmw A[ymbw
1. Nnt{Xm l ssh KmKym-b-Wn by-amW BcpWnw ht{h. k l ]p{Xw tizX-tIXpw {]Pn{Lm-b. bmP-tb-Xn. Xm lmko\w ]{]- . KuXaky ]p{Xm-kvXn. kwhrXw temtI bkvan am [mky tlm thmN-Z[zm temtI bmky-ko-Xn. kl ]nX-c-am-kmZy ]{]-t-Xo-Xn. am {]moXv IYw {]Xn-{_-hm-Wo-Xn. k tlm hmN. Al-a -t]y-XXv \ thZ. k Z tky h hbw kzm[ym-b-a-[oXy lcm atl b ]tc-Z-ltXy ln D`u Kan-jymh CXn. k l kanX ]mWnx Nn{Xw KmKym-bWow {]Xn N{Ia D]m-bm-\ o-X n. Xw tlmhm-N -{_- mtLm kn KuX-atbm \ am\-ap-]mtKm Ghn thyh Xzm m]-bn-jym-ao-X n.
aljn-bmb Nn{X Ks ]p{Xs ]p{X-\m-bn-cpp. Atlw bw sN-W-sa-p-t-inv AcpW ]p{X\mb Dm-e-Is\ {][m\ EXzn-m-n. Fm Dm-e-I B b-n\p t]mImsX ]p{X-\mb tizX-tI-Xp-hn\v thn Nn{X-ns b-n\p t]mbn. AXv thhn[w ]cy-h-km-\n-n-m \ntiw sImSp-p. \ntim-\p-k-cWw tizX-tI-Xp-b--n ]p-sImv Hcp Db ]oT-n-en-cp-p. At-ls Iv alm-m-hmb Nn{X Cs\ tNmZnp: ""Fs {]Xn-jvTn-m Cu temI-n Bh-c-W-tmSp IqSnb Hcp m\-aptm? AtXm `n-amb Bh-c-W-cln-X-amb m\-m-bn-cnptam Fs {]Xn-jvTn-pI?'' CXp-tIv tizX-tIXp ]dp. ""F\nv CXn-s\-n Hcp Adn-hp-an-. Fs ]nXmhv imkv{X-c- l -k y- Adn-b p- -h \pw AX- \ p- k -cnv {]hn- p--h-\p-am-W v. A-bpsS tNmZy-s- n Rm At-ltmSv ]dbmw.'' ]ns tizX-tIXp ]nXmhns ASpp sNv Nn{X tNmZn kwibw hy-amn. Dm-e-I ]dp: ""F\npw Cu tNmZy-n-\pcw \n-b-an-. alm-m-hmb Nn{Xs b imebn-sen XXzm- [ym- b-\-m m\w t\Smw. A\ys-t]mse \appw Nn{X-\n\nv [\w e`n-pw. AXn\m Atm-p-t]m-hp-I.'' As\ kanXn ]mWn-bmbn

2. ktlm-hmN tb ssh tI N Akvamtm ImXv {]bn N{-a-k-tah tX kth K-n. tXjmw {]mssWx ]qh ] B]ym-b-tX. Xm\]-c -] -tW {]P-\ -b-Xn. GX-ssZz-kz-ky-temIky Zzmcw b-{-amkvXw bXv {]Xym-lX aXn {kP-tX. b G\w {]Xym-l-X-anl hyjvSn `qXzm hjXn X Cl IotSm hm ]XwtKm hm iIp-\n hm imZqtem hm knwtlm hm atym hm ]cizm hm ]pcptjm hm t\ym ssh tXjp mt\jp {]Xym-Pm-btX bYm Ia bYm hnZypx Xam-KXm ]rXn tIm koXw Xw {]Xn {_qbmXv hnNWm ZrXthm tcX A`qXw ]-Z-imXv {]kqXmXv l{Xy-hkvXmam-]pwkn I-tcy-cb [zw. ]pwkm I{Xm amX-cn-am-\n-j-IXm kPmb D]-Pmb-amt\m ZzmZ-i{X-tbm-Zi D]-amtkm ZzmZi {Xtbm Zti\ l{Xm kw ZtZztZ {]Xn ZZzntZ lw Xa EXthm AaXyh B`c [zw. tX\ ktXy\ tX\ X]km EXp-c-kvaymthm kvan tIm kvan XzakvaoXn Xa-Xnkva PtX.
]ns Atlw ]dp: "tl Dm-e-I, Fs-tmse \nm-c-\mb Hcp hyn-bpsS ASp- Cs\ hcm Imc-Wsav? kzw alXzw icn--dn-n--tm. Av Fm {_m-W-cnepw shv ]qP-\o-b\pw {_-hn-Zym-[nIm-cn-bp-am-Wv. Rm tNmZn tNmZys kw_-nv Atbvv bYm m\w \Imw. b-Im-hmb Nn{X ]dp: "apt\, bmZn-I-fmb Da If\p-jvTn-n-p hnZzm-m Cu temIw hnv t]mIp-tm kzw {]m]n-p-p. Fm IrjvW-]-n N{\v Pohn-Iv Xr]vXn sImSpm Ign-hn-. kz-n-te-bvp IhmSw N{ F t]cn-\m {]kn--am-W.v kz-n-\[n-Im-cn-I-fm-b-h Nnn-p-Xv kz-n\nv Ipsd Ign-bp-tm Xmsg ]Xn-t-nh-cp-sapw A-s\-bp kzw \nc-am-sW-p-amWv. \njvIm-a-InIfmbn N{-temIw shSn-bp--h ip`I-mepw ZrV-\n--b-mepw kz-tem-I-n\pw apI- fn- ep {_-tem- Is {]m]n- p-p. kpJw sImXnv kz-nse kpJ-n Xs apgpIn Ign-bp- -h ]pWy--b-tmsS Xmtgmp ]Xn-p-p. Cs\ temI-nse kz-\-cI {]m]vXn-I- c-amb KXn a\-n-em-p injy hnc-\mbn Pnm-k-tbmsS kZvKp-cp-hns\ icWw {]m]n-p-tm Kpcp injy-t\mSv tNmZn--Ww. "\o BcmWv?'

97

B tNmZy-n\v injy C-s\-bmWv Dcw ]dtb-Xv: "tZh-m-sc, ]Xn-\p Ie-ItfmSp IqSn-bXpw ip- Ir-jvW- ]- - v Imc- W-`q- Xhpw {i- tbmsS {]Xy-s-Sp ]nXr-temIw \Ip--h\pw hn`n t`mK-Zmb-I\pw Bb N{s kao-]p \npw Dmbn {i, tkma, hjw Aw Fn-hbpsS {]`m-h-m kwPmX-am-b-h\pw hocy-ns cq]-n ]cn-h\w sNs-h\pw Poh Dsm-p--Xp-amb Fs Av kwtbm-K -I may aptJ\ ]pcp-j -\n m]n-p-Ibpw ]noSv B ]pcp-j aptJ\ Fs K`-n [mcWw sNn- n-p- Ibpw Dm-bn. Gsd hj--fmbn Rm anYymm\w {]m]-nI {`aw hnIm-c- Fn- h-bnepw {_m\ Pnm-k-bnepw Ign-p-Iq-Sp-p. C\n F\nv Av Aa-cXzw ssI hcp-p-hm t]m {_-m\w e`n-m DX-I--hn[w Btcm-Kyhpw ZoLm-bppw Xcp-I. Fs-m {_-km-m-Xvmcw e`n-p-Xphsc Pohn-n-cn-t-Xp-v. Rm kqNn-n kXyhpw X]-kybpw \nanw Rm EX-am-Ip-p. Ap XsbmtWm Rms\pw bYm-n Rm Bcm-sWpw F\nv ]dp Xc-Ww.' Ahs hmp tIv kZvKpcp B injys\ kwkm-cs `b-s-Sp--h-\m-sWp Iv. {_-hnZy D]-tZ-in-p. Ahs\ kwkm-c-_\n - - \npw hnSn kIe ]m]--fn\npw hnap-\mt--Xp-.v

A\-cw "Cf' Fp t]cp Cey hrw ImWmw. ]noSv ]e tZh-mcpw Xma-kn-p \K-c-am-Wv. AhnsS ]qtm-, \Zn-I, ktcm-hc-, InW-dp-I Chbp-v. \K-cns Hcp `mKv [\p-ns BIr-Xn-bnep Hcp {]tIm-jvT-ap-v. AXpw IS-p-t]m-bm "A]cm-PnX' Fp hnim-e-amb m\-am-W.v AhnsS {_mhv Xma-kn-p-p. kqcy-tX-Ppw Bpw XIm Ignbm--Xp-am-I-bm A]-cm-PnX F t]cv AXn\p Inn. {_m-hns B `h-\-ns Zzmc-]m-e-I-m taL-fpw b-ns {]Xo-I--fmb hmbphpw BIm-i-cq-]n-bmb C{-\p-sa-t{X. "hn`q-{]-aXn' F Hcp k`m-aWvU]w AhnsSbpv. AXns a[y-n "hnN-W' F thZn A`p-X-I-cam-Wv. in-tb-dn-bXpw "Aan-XuPm' Fp t]cp--Xpamb {]mW Xs-bmWv {_m-hns knwlm-k-\w. {]IrXn cq]n-Wn-bmb At-l-ns {]nb a\-ns\ lcnp-hfm-I-bm "am\kn' F t]cn Adn-b-s-Sp-p. - AXns Ombm-aqn "Npjn' bmWv tXP-t-dnb AXns Ae-m-cm-Zn-I tXtPm-a-b--fm-Ip-p. {]]w \mep-hn-[-n-ep Pohn-I-fm ]q-amWv Pcm-bp-Pw, AWvU-Pw, tkzZ-Pw, DZv`n-Pw, {]]--nse kIe PU-tN-X \ hkvXp-fpw {_m-hns DZym-\nse ]pjv]--fm-Wv. Ah-bpsS [uXw D-co-bmZn hkv{X--fm-Wv. Ahn-sS-bp A]vk-c-p-Isf "Aw_m' Fpw "Aw_m-bhn' Fpw ]d-bp-p. Aw_-bn P\\o-`m-hhpw Aw_m-b-hn-bn _pn-`m-h-hp-am-Ip-p. {_m\w \Ip Aw_bm F \Zn AhnsS Hgp-Ipp. m\n-bmb ]pcp-j\v AhnsS sNs-m Ignbp- p. hnPcm F \Zn-b p-s S kao-] -p-Iq-Sn-b mWv Atmp t]mtI--X.v AhnsS Fp--hv hmIy _m[-bp-m-hp-I-bn- .

4. Xmw ]-i-Xm\n A]vk-ckmw {]Xn-bn iXw ]q lkvXmx iXw iXw hmtkm-lkvXmx iXw ^e-k-lkvXm iX-am-RvP\ lkvXm iXw amey lkvXmx Xw {_mew ImtcW Aew Iphn. k {_m-e-m-tc-Wm-ew-IrtXm {_ hnZzm {_m-`n-ss{]Xn k AK--Xzmcw {lZw Xw a\-kmCuiz-tcm- ]m- k\ sNp- -h tZh- bm- \-am-nIqSn tXyXn XanXzm k{kXn hntZm a-n. k BKBZyw An-tem-I-n-se-p-p. ]ns hmbp-temIw; Xn alqm tkyjvSn lmw kvtX kvamZv {]ZAhnsS \nv kqcy-temIw; ]ns hcp-W-temIw; A\hn k BK-Xn hnPcmw \Zow Xmw a\ssk cw C{-temIw; A\-cw {]Pm-]-Xn-temIw; XpSv hmtXy-Xn. XXv kpIrX ZpjvIrtX [p\p-tX. Xky{_-temIw; {_-tem-I-n {]th-in-p- hm-\p am{] nbm mX bx k p I r - X - a p - ] - b p {] nbm n "Bc' Fp t]cp hen-sbmcp Pem-i-b-apv ZpjvIrXw XZyYm ctY\ [mh-b cY Nt{I ]cyAXp ISv Ima-t{Im-[m-Zn-Ifm {_-temI {]m]vXnth- -X, Gh atlm-cmt{X ]cy-th- -X. Ghw p km[-\-b-m-Zn-I-fm {_-temI {]m]vXn-p kpIrX ZpjvIrtX khmWn N Zzzm\n k Gj km[-\b-m-Zn-]pWy I- Ch \in-n-p hnkp-IrtXm hnZp-jvIrtXm {_ hnZzm {_ss "tbjvSn l' F `mKw ISv "hncPm' \Zn-bn-se-mw. hm`n-ss{]-X n.
AXns Zi-\m Xs hmIyw \jvS-am-Ip-p. -

3. k Xw tZh-bm\w ]m\w B]Zy An temI-am-KXn. hmbp-temIw k hcp-W-temIw k - BZnXy temIw k C{-t emIw k {]Pm-] Xn temIw k {_ temIw. Xky lhm GXky {_ - t e m- I k y B tc m- { l tZ m ap l q t m tbjv Snlm hnPcm \Zoteym hrx kmePyw kwm-\-a-]-cm-Pn-X-amb X\-an{ {]Pm-]Xo Zzmc tKm]u. hn`q-{]-anXw hnN--Wm. Bk-an-XuPmx ]cyx {]nbm N am\ko {]Xn-cq]m NNm-jo ]pjv]m-Wym-h-bXu ssh N PKmXyw _mmw-_mh-b-ho-m-]vk-ckx Aw_bm \Zyx Xnanw hnZm KXn Xw {_m lm`n-[m-hX aa bikm hnPcmw hm Abw \Zow {]m]-hm Abw Pc-bn-jy-Xo-Xn.

98

s]sp Xs {_m-h ns \nt-i m-\p-k-cWw Aqdp A]vk-cp-I Ahn-sS-sb-nb {_-m\nsb kzmKXw sNm HmSn-h-cpw. Ah-cn Aq-dpt] tIkcw Ippaw a Fn-hb psS Nqw ssIbn-se-Sp-n-cn-pw. Aq-dp-t]v hnhn[ hkv{X Dv. \qdp A]vk-c-p- I ssIbn ]e-hn[w AwKcm-K hln-n-cn-pw. Fm-hcpw IqSn B alm-mhns\ Ae--cnv {_-kz-cq-]n-bm-n-opw. AtXmsS Abm "Ac' Fp t]cp Pem-i-b-n-\-Spv \bn-sSpw; AhnsS Ba-\w sN-s-Spw. kev]w aptJ\ AXns\ XcWw sNp {_-m\n ]ns "tbjvSnl' bpsS kao-]-sapw tZh-m Ahs {_ tXP-ns apn Dd-p-\nm-\m-ImsX HmSn- tm-tIn hcp-p. m\n "hncmPm' \Zn-bpsS Xoc-sn ]m] ]pWy- AhnsS Dt]-nv Xs am\-knI k-ev]m Xs AXns Ac IS-p-p. B m\nsb tZzjn- p- -h v Ah ssIhn ]m]w e`npw; Fm Ahs\ kvt\ln-p IpSpw-_n-I Ahs ]pWymw-i-n ]m-fn-I-fm-Ip-p. tXcn k-cn-p hyn cYw \nb-{n-p-tm AXnse N{I--fpsS ]rYzn-bp-am-bp kwtbm-K-hn-tbm-K-f-dn-bp-n-. AXpt]mse {_-m-\n-bmb hyn cm-I ]m]-]p-Wya-b--fmb ]e Zriy-fpw ImWp-p-s-nepw Ah-bpambn _n-p-n-. ]m]-]p-Wy- Ahs\ _m[n-pn- . {_-m-\-m Ah {_-s-s {]m]np- p.

5. k BK- -X oeyw hrw Xw {_-K x {]hniXn. k BK-Xn kmePyw kwm-\w. Xw {_-c kx {]hn-i-Xn, k BK- Xn A]-cm-P nXw Bb X\w Xw {_-tXPx {]hn-iXn B K-Xn. C{-{]-Pm-]Xo Zzmc-tKm]u Xmh-kvam-Z-]-{Z-hXx k BK-Xn hn`q-{]-anXw Xw {_ tXPx {]hn-iXn k BK-Xn hne--Wm-am-kow _rl-{ZYw Xtc kma\n ]qhu-]mZu ssyX \u[tk Nm]-cuh-ssh-cq] sshcmtP A\q-NytX imIz-c-ssc-htX Xoco km{]m {]bm ln hn]-iyXn k BK-Xn AanXu Pkw ]cyw k {]mW-kvXky `qXw N `hnjyw N ]qhu ]mZu-{io-t-cm-Nm-]c, {_lv{ZY w Xtc B \qtNy `{Z- b - mb botb iojtWy EN kmam\n N {]mNo\m-Xm-\m\n bpwjn Xnc-o-\m\n tkmamw-ihx D]-kvX-cW apZvKoYx D]{iox {iocp]_lWw Xkvan {_mkvtX Xanw hnXv]m-tZ-ss\-hm{K Btcm-lXn. Xw {_m ]rXn tImkoXn. Xw {]Xn {_qbm-Xv.
{_-m-\n-bpsS \mkn-Ibn Cey hr-ns ASp-s-nb DS-s\-Xs {_-Kw {]th-in-p-p. ]ns Ah "kmePy' sap t]cp \K-c-n-\-Sp-spw. AhnsS Ahs\ Znhy-amb {_-ckw {]m]n-p-

p. CXn\p apv Ah\v C{Xbpw B\w Dm-bn-p-mhn-. AXn-\p-tijw Ah {_m-hns "A]-cm-PnX' F `h-\-n-\Sp-s-pw. AtXmsS Ah-\n {_tX-Pv \nd-bp-p. ]ns `h-\-Zzm-c-kw-c--I-m-cmb C{sbpw {]Pm-]Xn-bp-sSbpw kao]w {]m]n-p-p. amw ImWn- -s v aptmp t]mbn "hn`p- {]-a nX' F k`maWvU]-n-se-pw. {_-b-ip tNv Ah _rl-spw cY--c-km- a-sapw t]cp cp-apIm tNXpw ssiyXw, \u[-k-kmaw F ]nIm-ep-I tNXpw sshcq]w sshcm-P-kmaw Cu Zn-tWm-c ]mZ- tNXpw imIz-cw, ssch-Xkmaw F ]qh ]na ]mZ- tNXpw Bb hnN- -W-s bp thZnp kao]w Fpw. _pn-cq-]n-Wnbpw al-Xz cq]n-Wn-bp-ambn B thZn {_-m-\nv Znhy ZrjvSn \Ipw. ]ns {]mW-kz-cq-]amb "AanXu Pm' F knwlm-k-\-n-\-Spv Fpw. AXns aph-i-p cp Imep-I `qX-`-hn-jy-p--fm-Wv. ]nn-ep ImepI {iotZ-hnbpw `qao-tZ-hn-bpw. A\qNy F cp ZoL JSzmw-K AXns D-c-Z-nW ]mZ--fm-Wv. Ah _rlpw cY-c kma-hp-sa-t{X. `{Z-sapw bm-bo-b-sapw t]cp kma-cq-]-n-ep cp sNdnb JSzmw-K- ]qh-]-na `mKs ]mZ--fm-Ip-p. Ahbn incpw ]mZhpw hbvp-p. Ingp ]Sn-m-dmb hmSn-I EtKz-Z-km-a-th-Z--fpsS kzc-`q-X-am-Wv. hS-p-sXmbn hfp ]pf-p-ap hmSn-I bPpth-Z{]-XoI--fm-Ip-p. N{-c-ivan-I AhnsS tIma-f-i--t]mse hncn-n-cn-p-p. DZvKoYw AXn hncn-n-p ]pX-mWv evan-bm-Ip Xe-bW Ahn-sS-bp-v. An-s\-bp B Znhy-knw-lm-k\w {_m-hn\v hncm-Pn-m thnbp--Xm-Wv. Cu XXzw {Kln-n-p {_-m\n B knwlm- k-\-n Imep-shv tIdp-p. Atm {_mhv Ah-t\mSv tNmZn-pw. "\o Bcv?' At-l-ns tNmZyn\v C{]-Imcw adp-]Sn sImSp-Ww. -

6. EXp-c -kvaymthm kva ymImim-tZymt\x kw`qtXm `mcym GXXv kwh--c ky tXtPm-`qXky `qX-kymm Xzam-mkn bkvXz-akn tkm lakva oXn Xam-l tIm la- k va oXn kXy-a nXn {_qbmXv Iow XZyXv kXy-anXn bZ-\yXv tZth-`y {]mtW-`y XXv kZY bZv tZhm {]mWm-XXzw XtZ-Xbm hmNm `nhym{ln-btX kXy-antXy Xmh- Z nZw kh- a nZw ka- k n. CssXy- s sh\w XZman XtZ-XZyIv tmtI-\m-`yp-w. bPq-Zcx kma-incm Akm-hy-Mvaqn chybx k{_tXn k hnP-ob Ejn {_-atbm alm-\n-Xn. Xaml tI\ ta ]uwkym\n \mam\n B]vt\mjn CXn {]mtWt\Xn {_qbm-Xv.

tI\ kv{Xo\m-am-\oXn hmtNXn tI\ \]pw-kIm-\oXn a\-tkXn tI\ Kmm-\nXn {]mW-t\-

99

I tXyh {_qbmXv tI\ cq]m-WoXn Np-tjXn

-I. a\v ZqX-\m-Ip-p. kth-{n-b-fpw Ah-bpsS tI\ i_vZm \nXn Pnlz-tbXn tI\ A ckm A`n-am-\n-I-fmb tZh-X-am aptJ\ Bh-iy-s-SmsX Xs \nXn Pnlz-tbXn tI\ Iam-WoXn lkvXm-`ym- {]mW-\m-Ip {_-n\v D]-lmc cq]-n \I-sanXn tI\ kpJ-ZpxJ CXn icn-tc-tW-Xn-tI-\\w n-cn-p-p. Cu clkyw Adn-bp-- h\v bmNn-msX Xs cXnw {]Pm-Zn-an-Xy-]-t-t\-Xn. tIt\Xzm CXn ]mZm- kh-Ncm-Nc-fpw D]-lmcw kan-p-p. Hcp bmN`ym-an-Xn, tI\-[ntbm hnw Xhyw Imam-\nXn I Hcp {Kma-n t]mbn `n bmNnv Hpw InmsX {]-tbXn {_qbm-a m-l. Bt]m ssh Jep \ncm-i-\mbn B {Kma-hm-kn-I sImSp-mepw Am-Zntaly-km-hbw tX temI-C -Xn-kmbm {_tWm I kzoI-cn- p-I -b n-s p \n-b n- p- -X p-t]mse PnXn bm hyjvSn kvXmw PnXn PbXn Xmw hyjvSnw {]mWs\ D]m-kn-p km[-I BtcmSpw bmsXmpw hyiv\ ptX b Ghw thZ b Ghw thZ. CXn bmNn-m ]mSn-s-Xv Xs ]mh-\-I-hy-sav IcpXp-p. Ah Xs \n-b-n ZrV-Nn--\m-bn-cn-p{]Ytam [ymbx p. Fs-m bmN-I-\n ssZ\y-`mhw kzm`m-hn-I-am""Rm kzbw-`qhpw kzbw {]Im-ihpw hniz-n-s\mw Wv. Cu ssZ\y-`mhw sImmWv Ah\v `n-In-p--Xv. ImcW `qX\pw Bb Cuiz-c-\n \npw D-hn--h-\mIqSmsX Bfp-I Ahs\ hnfnv "\n\v `n-Xcmw' Wv. Rm `qX-s- m-a-Xo- X\pw `qX-smw ImcFp ]d-bpp AXpw Ah-\nsb Zo\-`mhw \nan-amW-am-bn-p--h\pw PU-tN-X-\-b-amb `qX-cq-]amb kwhW-tm. -c-ns tXPx-kz-cq-]n-bm-Wv. Rm EXs kw_n-p--h-\mWv; EX-hp-am- W.v Rm Bm-hm-Wv. Apw 2. {]mtWm {_tXn l kv a ml ss]wKyBm-hm-Wv. Av FmtWm AXp-X-s-bmWv Rm\pw. kv X ky l hm GXky {]mWky {_tWm Cu hn[- n- e p Dcw tIv {_mhv hopw hmIv ]c-k vX- -p-c m-c pt Npx ]c-k vXmXv tNmZnpw "Rm BcmWv?' AXn\v {_-m\n t{im{X-am-cpt t{im{Xw ]c-kXmXv a\ Bcpt v Cs\ Dcw sImSp--Ww. "Av kmmXv kXy- -am- a\x ]c-k vX mXv {]mW Bcpt Xkvs sa hm Wv.' CXp-tI {_mhv hopw tNmZnpw "kXy-sap GXkvssa {]mWmb {_W GXmx khm-tZ]d-bp-Xp bYm-n FmWv?' AXn\v C{]-Im-c- h X m A bm- N - a m- \ mb _e nw lc n XtY m amWv adp-]Sn sImSp-t--Xv. "GsXm-mtWm Znhy-Xz- Ghmkvssa khmWn `qXm\n Bbm-Nam\mssbh n \npw {]mW-\n \npw `nhpw Ap-Xhpw _enw-l - c n b Ghw thZ Xtkym-] \n j Bbn-p-Xv AXp Xs-bmWv kXyw. Znhyhpw A\-iz- bmtN-ZnXn XZyYm {Kmaw `nnXzm Ae-_vt[zm-]chpw GsXm-mtWm AXpXsbmWv kXyw. A-bn hn-ti- m-l-a -t Xm-Z - -a-i v\ o-bm-a n-X nb Gssh\w khhpw AS-n-bn-cn-p-p. AXn-\m Av kXy- ]pc-kvX mZv {]Xym No-c mkvX Gssh\ ap]-aam-Wv.' {-bt ZZma CtXyj [tm-bm-NntXm `h-Xy-

\y-XkvXp Gssh\ ap]-a-{-bt ZZma X CXn.

cmw Aymbw
1. {]mtWm {_tXn l kvaml Iujo-XInkv X ky l hm GXky {]mWky {_tWm at\m`qXw hmIv] -c n-t h- j v S o. Np tKm]v X rt{im{Xw {imh- b nXp Xkv s sa hm GXkv s sa {]mWmb {_tW GXmx khm tZhXm BbmN-am-\mb _enw lcn XtYm Ghmkvssa khmWn `qXm\n AbmN am\m-ssbh _enw lcn b Ghw thZ Xtkym-] -\ n-j - -bm-tN- Z nXn XZyYm {Kmaw `nnXzm Ae-_vt [zm-]hn tim-latXm Z-a-iv\o-bm-an-Xn. b Gssh\w ]pc-kvXmXv {]XymN-ocw kvX Gssh-\ap-]-a-{-bt ZZm-aX CXn. Gj [tm bmNntXm `h-Xn. A\y-X-kvtXz-ssh\-ap-]-a-{-bt ZZma X CXn.
Iujo-XIn aljn ]d-bp-Xv {]mW XsbmWv {_-sa-m-Wv. Cu {]mW-\m-Ip {_s cmPm-hns\-tmse Icp-X-Ww. hmv AXns cmn-bm- W.v sNhn ktiw tIn-p Zzmc-]m-e-I\m-Wv. t\{Xw AwK-c-

{]mW Xs-bmWv {_-sav ss]wKy-a-ljnbpw ]d-bp-p. {_w \nanw hmn\pw AXo-X-ambn t\t{X{nbw `hn-p-p. {_w t\t{X-{n-bs Fm-`m-Kp \npw Bh-cWw sNbvXn-pv t{imt{X-{n-b- n\pw AXoX-ambn a\-pv a\-p-ap-tJ\ t{imt{X-{nbw Fm `mKp-\npw Bh-cWw sNbvXn-cn-p-p. {]mW XsbmWv {_w kh-tZ-h-X-Ifpw B {]mW-\m-Ip {_n\v bmNn-msX Xs D]-lmcw \Ip-p. AXv BtcmSpw Hpw bmNn-p-I-bn-. Hcn- Hcp bmN-I Hcp {Kma-n t]mbn `n bmNn-p-p. `n Inm ]w \ncm-i-\mbn Ah C\n Rm Hcm-tfmSpw `n tNmZn-p-I-bn-sv i]Yw sNp-p. Ahs B ZrV \nbw Iv apv `n sImSp-p-I-bn-sv ]d-h Xs hnfnp hcpn \n\v `n-Xcmw Fv ]dbp-p.

3. AYm-XI GI [\m-htcm-[\w btZ-I-[\w A`n-[ym-bmXv ]u-amkyw hm Aam-hm-kymbmw hm ip-]t hm ]ptWy \t{X Anw D]-

100

I k-am-[mb ]cn kaqly ]cn-kvXocy ]cyp-tymXv


]qbb ZnWw PmmNy {kpthW hm Na-tk\ hm Iwtk\ sshXm BPym- l p- X n PptlmXn hmMv\ma tZhXm Ah-tcm-[n\o kmta Aap-jvamZnZw Ah-cpmw Xssky kzmlm. {]mtWm \ma tZhXm Ah-tcm-[n-\okm ta Aap-jvam-ZnZw Ahcpmw Xssky kzmlm. Np \ma tZhXm Ahtcm-[n\o km ta Aap-jvam-ZnZw Ahp-cmw Xssky kzmlm. t{imXw \ma tZhXm Ah-tcm[n \o kmta Aap-jvam-ZnZw Ah-cpmw Xssky kzmlm. at\m \ma tZhXm Ah-tcm-[n\o km ta Aap-jvam-ZnZw Ah-cpmw Xssky kzmlm. {]m \ma tZhXm Ah-tcm-[n\o kmta Aap-jv a m-ZnZw Ah-c pmw Xssky kzmlm CXyY [qa-K w {]Pn-{Lmb BPy-te-t]\ AwKm\n A\p-hn-arPy hmNw btam A`n {]{hPy Aw {_hoX `qXw hm {]lnWp-bmXv e`tX sslh.
A\-cw [\ \ntcm-[\s-n ]d-bp-p. ]q- am-kn-bntem Aam-hm-kn-bntem at-sX-nepw ]pWy-XnYnbpw \-{Xhpw hcp Znh-ktam [\w B{K-ln-p hyn An m]nv Ipi-hn-cnv a{w sImv hnip-amb Pew Xfnv ]m{X-n shp-s\pw ipo-Icnv bYm-hn[n BlpXn kan--Ww. "hmWo tZhn' B{Kl--sfmw km[n-n-p--h-fm-W.v tZhn {]mtWm-]m-k\ sNp-h\v CXn-\m Cn [\w ssI hcp-s' Cs\ sNmn BlpXn sNp-I. {]mW-tZ-hX A`ojvT-knn \Ip-Xm-Wv. {]mtWm-]m-k-I-\mb F\nv [\w ssI hcp--s. Fp sNmn BlpXn An-pI. Np-mb tZhn Ima\ km[n-n-p--h-fm-Wv. tZhn{]m-tWm-]m-k-I-\mb F\nv Cn--[\w ssI hcp-s. t{im{Xw F tZhn A`ojvS ^f-Zm-bn-\n-bm-Wv. {]mW {_tm-]m-k-I-\mb F\nv tZhn Cn [\w ssIh-cp-s. Ahmbn BlpXn kan-p-p. a\-m-Ip C{nbw A`o-jvS-^ew \Ip--Xm-Wv. {]mtWm-]m-k-I\mb F\nv AXv Cn [\w ssI hcp--s. Cs\ Blp-Xn-I sImSp--Xn\p tijw [qKw {LmWn-pIbpw lh-\m-in-jvS-amb LrXw ]pc-p-Ibpw au\w hcnv [\m-[n-]s\ kao-]nv [\w Bh-iy-sav ]d-bp-Ibpw sNp-I. B hyn Zqsc-sb-h n-sS-sb-n-ep-am-sW-n ZqX aptJ\ kt-i-a-b-bvmw. Cu Iw B{K-ln ^ew \Ipw.

kzmlm. {]mw tX abn Pqtlm-ayku kzmlm. CXyY [qa- K w {]Xn- { Lmb B Py- t e- t ]\ AwKm\n A\p-hn-arPy hmNw-btam A`n-{]-{h-Py-kwkv]iw PnK-antj ]nhmXm Zzm kw`m-j-W-amWx XnjvtTXv {]ntbm-sslh `hXn kvacn sslhmkvam-X v.

A\-cw hmMvaqew kn-am-Ip A`o-jvS-]qn-sbn ]d-bp-p. D]m-k-I Bs-nepw {]nbw-Ic-\m-IW-sav B{K-ln-p ]w Ah hmKmZn tZh-XIv {]nb-\m-I-Ww. AXn\v GsX-nepw ]pWy-Xn-Ynbn bYm-hn[n tlmam-Nm-c--sfmw \nh-lnv LrXmlpXn kan--Ww. "Rm \ns hmm-Ip C{nbs Fn lh\w sNp-I. Fs Imcyw km[n-pam-dm-I-Ww. Cu BlpXn An-s Rm Fs {]mWs\ Fn lh\w sNp-p. F\nv Imcy knnbp-m-I-s. Cu BlpXn kan-p-p. Rm \ns t\{Xsf Fn lh\w sNp-p. "Fs Imcyw km[n--s. Cu BlpXn kzoI-cn-p-I. Rm \ns t{im{Xsf Fn lh\w sNp-p. Fs Imcyw km[n-p-am-dm-I-s. Cu BlpXn ssIsm-p-I. Rm \ns a\-ns\ Fn lh\w sNp-p. Fs Imcyw km[n-s. Cu BlpXn kzoI-cn-pI; Blp-Xn-Ip tijw [qa-Kw Gv tlmamnX LrXw AwK--fn ]pcn au\-a-h-ew-_nv B{K-ln hynsb kao-]n-Ww. ]ns hmbv i_vZw CnX hyn hsc Fn-p-Xn klm-b-I-amb m\v \np-sImv ]d-bWw AtXmsS B hyn {]nbw-Ic-\m-bn-o-cpw. IqSmsX m\w hn-Xn-\p-ti-jhpw Abm Hmn-pw.

5. AYmXx kmwb-a \w {]mXZ-\ -a m- -c -a n tlm{Xw CXn N BN-tX bmhssZz ]pcp-tjm`mjtX \ XmhXv {]mWnXyw iIvt\mXn {]mWw XZm hmNn PqtlmXn bmhssZz ]pcptjm {]mWnXn \ XmhXv `mjnXpw iIvt\mXn hmNw XZm {]mtW Pptlm-Xn. GtX A\t Aar-Xm-lpXo Pm{K kz]v\w k-Xa-hy-h-n\w Pqtlm-Xy-Ybm A\ym Blp-Xtbm A-hXv bkvXmx Ia atm ln `hn GX ssh ]qth hnZzmwtkm Antlm{Xw \ Pplphmw N{Ipx
A\-cw Znthm-Zmk ]p{X-\mb {]X-\ A\p jvTn kmwb-a\w F An-tlm-{X-s-n ]d-bp-p. a\p-jy\v kwkm-cn-p-sIm-n-cns ]q-co-Xn-bn izknm km[y-a-. B Ln {]mWs\ hmWn-bm-Ip An-bn lh\w sN-Ww. hmpw {]mWm-lp-Xn-Ifpw Hcn-epw Ah-km-\n-m--Xm-W.v Ah Aa-c--fm-Ip-p. DWn-cn-ptmgpw Dd-p-tmgpw Pohn-I Cu BlpXn-I tlmanp sImp Xs-bn-cn--Ww. hmn\pw {]mWm-lp-Xn-Ipw `n-amb Ah-m-hn-ti-j--fm-Wv. {Zhy- sImp Blp-Xn-I ]q-sav ]d-bm

4. AYmtXm ssZhx kvatcm bky {]ntbm-_p`q- t j- Z yssky hm Gjmw ssh tXjm- a ssh Ikva n ]hWn Anw D]-k-a m-[ mb GXbm Gh BhrssXy Xm BPym-l p- X n PqtlmXn hmNw tX abn Pqtlm-a yku kzmlm. {]mWw tXabn Pqtlm-a yku kzmlm. Np-k vtX- a bn Pqtlm-ayku kzmlm. t{im{XwtX abn Pqtlm ayku kzml. a\kv t X abn Pqtlm- a yku

101

I \nhr-n-bn-. {]mNo-\Im-es m\n-I AX-dn-ncp-p. Ah tIhew I ab-amb Blp-Xn-Iv Gsd {]m[m\yw sImSp-n-cp-n-.

5. AYmXx kh-PnXx Iujo-X-tIxkv {XoWn D]m-k-\m\n `h-n. btm]-hoXw IrXzm A] BNay {XncpZ ]m{Xw {]knNy DZy-am-Zn-Xy-ap-]Xn-jvT-tX. htmkn ]m]-am\w ta hrMv[otXy Xss b- h m- h rXm at[y k- a p- Z ztm Akn ]m]v a m\w a DZv h rMv [ o tXyX ssbhm- h rXm AkvX w bw kwhtm kn ]m]va m\w ta kwhrMv [oXn bZ-tlm-cm-{Xm`ymw ]m]w ItcmXn k XZv h rMv tX AY amkn- a m-k y-a m- h m-k ymbmw ]m- - { - a kw Zriy am\- a p- ] - X n- j v t T- s sXX ssbhm-hrtXm lcnX XrWm`ymw hmIv {]Xy-bky-Xn-bt kpkoaw lrZ-b-a[n {inXw tX\ arXXztky imt\ am lw ]u{X-a Lw cpZ-a nXn \ lmkvamXv ]qhmx {]Pmx ss{]XoXn \p PmX-]p{]mW-s \- -s -b mWv alm- m-h mb ipjvI `rw {Xky AY APmX ]p{Xky A]ym-b-kz-k-taXp Kmc\pw {_-sap ]d-bp--Xv. DIvY cq]- n-e p tX kw tX ]bmwkn kap-bp hmPm bam-ZnXym {]mWs\ EIv Fv IcpXn D]m-kn-p-I. {]mW cq]Awip-am-]y-bn tXyXmkvXn {k EtNm P]nXzm n-ep DIvYs EIv Fv Adn-bp m\nsb am AkvamIw {]mtW\ {]Pbm ]ip`n cm]ym-btemI-nse alXzw B{K-ln-p kIe Pohn-Ifpw bnjvTm tbm Akvam tZzjvSn bw N hbw Zznjva ]qPn-p-p. D-n bPp _pn-tN D]m-k-Is\ kvXky-{]m-tW\ {]Pbm ]ip`n cm]ymb tkzXn al-Xz-Imw-n-I klm-bn-pp DIvY-n kma-_pn ssZho-a m-h rX amh BZn-X y-k ym-h rX a\zmtN km[-Is\ DXvItj-p- \a-kvI-cn-p-p. h CXn ZnWw _mlp-a-\zm-h-tX.
DIvYs {io`m-th\ D]m-kn-mw. AXn btim-`mhw Dv. tXPv F \ne-bnepw AXv D]m-kn-mw. t{ijvTamb [\pv in khpw Gsd tXtPm-a-bhpw Bbncn-p-Xp-t]mse Cu cl-ky-a-dn-bp-h t{ijvT\pw bi-kznbpw {iok---\p-am-Ip-p. Iujo-XIn aljnv aqp Xh-W-bp-mb A\p`qX D]m-k-\sb-n-bmWv C\n ]d-bp--Xv. CS-p-`m-Kn-cpv BN-an-pI; ]ns ]m{Xw hnip \ne Pew sImv aqp-{]m-hiyw \nd-bvp-I. ]ns DZb kqcy\v ALyw sImSpv ]d-bWw "{]]-s XrW CjvSn-Im-c-Nn-X- amb thZn-bn knX I- bp- -amb Xpeyw XyPn-p-Ibm Asb hw Fv ]d-bp-p. {]mWm-nsb B kzcq-]n kzoI-cn-p. EXznv Fs ]m]w \in-n-p-I. ]ns a[ym--n kqcys\ B-kw- kvImcw sN-Ww. bpth-Z-hn-[n- {]- Imcw kn\a-kvI-cnv ]d-bpI' "Asb DZzw Fv ]d-bp-p. amb I- A\p-jvTn--Ww. bpth-Zob IFs ]m]w \in-np. kym-Im-epw Cs\ ]d-fn EtKz-Zkn--I-sf tbmPn-n-p-Ibpw kmabWw: Asb kwhw Fp ]d-bp-p. Fs ]m]th-Zm-\p-kr-X --fmb A\p-j vTm-\- kap-N n-X -ambn sf AI-p-I, Cu D]m-k-\bpsS ]cn-Wn-X^-eambn tbmPn-n-p-Ibpw sNp-tm ]q-amb ^e-kn-n-bpa\p-jy-a\v ]cn-ip--am-Ip-p. Ah cm{Xntbm ]Item m-Ip-p. aqp thZ-hn-Zy-bp-tSbpw Bmhv A[z-cy-amHcn-epw ]m]w sNp-n-. cm-as D]m-k\ ]dIp {]mW-\m-Wv. {]mW Xs-bmWv Cu hnZy-bpsS bmw. Hmtcm amk-nepw Aam-hmky Znh-kw kqcy-a-WvUBm-h.v {]mW-s\-n Cs\ Adn-bp hyn kzbw e-ns ]Sn-mdv `mKv nXn-sN-p kpjpav\m {]mW-k-am-\-\m- Ip-p. civan-bn N{ nXn- sN-p-Xv ImWmw. B L-n CjvSn-Im-c-Nn-X- amb thZn-bn knX I- bp- -amb kqcys\ ]qPn-Ww. ALy-n-\p Pe-]m-{X-n {]mWm-nsb B-kz-cq-]-n kzoI-cn-p. EXznv cp-]--]p-ns apf-shp {]mn--Ww. "N{-a-WvUB-kw-kvImcw sN-Ww. bpthZ hn[n-{]-Imcw e-ns A[n-jvTm-{Xn-bmb tZhn kpc `mh\ Ie kn-amb I- A\p-jvTn--Ww. bpth-Zob `h-Xn-bpsS lrZbw N{-aWvU-e-n hncm-Pn-p-p. I--fn EtKz-Z-kn-I-sf tbmPn-n-p-Ibpw AXp aptJ\ tZhn Ah-\m-i-]-Zm-[n-Im-cn-Wn-bm-Wv. Rm -

6. Dw {_tXn l kvaml ipjvI `rwKmcx XZr-K n-Xyp-]m-koX khmWn lmkvssa `qXm\n t{ijvTym bm`yNyt XXv bp-cn-Xyp-]m-koX k h mW n l m k vs s a `qX m\ n s s {i jvT y m bpPyt XXv k{io-c n- a -X yp-] m-k oX khmWn lmkvssa `qXm\n ss{ijvTymb kw\-at XXv {iocn-Xyp-] m-koX XZyi CXyp-]m-koX XtP CXyp-]m-ko-X. XZyssY XXv imkv{XmWmw {ioa- a w. bi-k zn-X aw tXP- k zn\w XtYm Gssh hnZzm kthjmw `qXm\mw {iotam bikzo Xax tXPkzo Xtam `h-X n. XtaX ssajvSIw I abmXv am\w A[zcypx kwkv I - t cmXn Xkvan, bp abw {]h-bXn bPpab EIv abw tlmXm EIv a tb kma- a - b - a p- Z v K mXm k Gj khssky {Xb hnZymbm Bssj D Ghm kymm GX Zmm `hXn b Ghw thZ.

kma-th-Zm-\p-kr-X--fmb A\p-jvTm-\- kap-Nn-X-ambn tbmPn-n-p-Ibpw sNp-tm ]q-amb ^e-kn-n-bpm-Ip-p. aqp thZ-hn-Zy-bp-sSbpw Bmhv A[z-cy-amIp {]mW-\m-Wv. {]mW Xs-bmWv Cu hnZy-bpsS Bm-h.v {]mW-s\-n Cs\ Adn-bp hyn kzbw {]mW-am-\-\m-Ip-p.

102

I ]p{X-tim-I-m Hcn-epw ZpxJnv Ic-bm-Xn-cn-m


Fn Zb sNp-I.' Cs\ D]m-kn-p--h ]p{Xhm-\m-sW-n Ahs ]p{X Abm-fpsS ac-Wn\p apv acn-n-. ]p{X-lo-\-\m-sW-n apn-e-s-tmse Xmsg kqNn-n-p a{w P]n-Ww. "tl \mco-cq-]bmb tkma, \o ]pcpj cq]n-bmb kqcys tXPv kzoIcnv {]hr-am-p-I. DXv]-nv Imc-W`q-X-amb hocyamb tXPv \nn nXn sN-s . \o A-{]m]vXnpw tlXp-hm-Ip-I. tkma, \o kuay-Kp-Whm-\m-Wv. \ns t{ijvT ckw ]pcp-jv D]-Imcw sNp-Xpw in-Zm-b-Ihpw i{Xp-sf ]cm-Pb-s-Sp-m kahp-am-Wv. B ckw Pohn-Iv A\m-bm-k-ambn e`n-pam-dm-I-s. \o tXtPm-ab\mbn Rv Aa-cXzw ssIhcp-p-I. kz-n t{ijvT-amb biv {]Xn-jvTn-p-I.

kv{Xo cq]-amb tkmas Zzm-Zim-Zn-Xy-m-cmb ]pcpj-m X-fpsS hocy-am-Ip tXP-p-sImv B\-nn-p-p. Ab _e-ap tkmaw ]m\w sNp-p. tkma-Xw-cw-K-fm ss{XtemIy kwc--I\mb hcpW\pw _rl-kv]Xnbpw Rv _ehpw B\-hpw \Ip-am-cm-I-s. tl tkma, \o R-fpsS Poh {]PI arK- Fn-h-bn \ns hniv ian-n-cp-Xv. Fm R-tfmSv sshc-ap--htcm Rv sshc-ap-htcm Bb-h-cpsS Poh kXn arK- Fn-hbn \o kwXr-]X\m-I-Ww. Rm Cu a{-ns A[nv ]-\mb tZh-X-sbbpw \ns k-b-\-{In-bsbbpw A\phn- p-- h-\m-Wv.' Cs\ Ens ]mT- klnXw Cs\ tkmas\ ]qPn--Xn-\p-tijw ]Xv\n-bpsS he-Xp-`pPw A\zm-h\w sNp-I. amhnSw kv]inv Ah-fpsS ASp-n-cpv Cs\ ]d6. AY ]q-amkymw ]pc-kvXmXv N{-a kw bWw: "t{ijvT-Im-a-\-ItfmSp IqSn-b-h-sf, \o tkma-cq-]nZriy-am\w D]-Xn-jvtTX GX-ssb-hm-hrXm tkmtam Wn-bm-Wv. \ns lrZbw {]P-Isf t]mjn-n-p--Xm-Wv. cmPm kn hnN-Wx ]-aptJm kn {]Pm-]Xn AXn nXn sNp tkma-a-WvUe k-Zr-i-amb {_m-WkvX GIw apJw tX\ aptJ\ cmtm AarXw F\n--dn-bmw. Cu kXy-I-Y-\-m ]p{X-timkvan tX\ aptJ\ amw AmZw Ipcp. cmPm X I- m F\n-s m-cn- epw ZpxJn- m-\ n- S-b m- I -cp- X v. GIw apJw tX\ aptJ\ hntimXv kntX\ aptJ\ Cs\ sNmn-bm km[-Is km-\ Ah-\papv arXn-b-S-bp-I-bn-. amw AmZw Ipcp. tiy\kvXp GIw tX\ aptJ\

{]Xy--s-Sp-tm N{s\ \a-kvI-cnv Xmsg sImSpp a{w D-cn-Ww. "Atbm tkma, Av temInse {]IrXn cq]n-Wn-bmb Da-tbm-Sp-Iq-Snb tkma-s\p t]cp cmPm-hm-Wv. Av kh-Im-cy-Ip-i-e\pw ]-apJ-\p-amb {]Pm-]-Xn-bm-Wv. {_m-W A-bpsS Hcp apJ-am-W.v B apJw sImv Av {Xnb cmPm--msc `n-p-p. B apJw sImp-Xs Fs Aw `np--Xn\pw Zl-\-n\pw i-\m-pw. {Xn-b AbpsS Hcp apJ-am-Wv. AXp-sImv Av sshiy-msc `n-p-p. AtX-apJw sImv Av Fs A `W-n\pw Zl-\-n\pw i-\m-p-I. tiy\w A-bpsS Hcp apJ-am-Wv. AXp-sImv Av ]n-Isf `n-pp. B apJw sImv Ap Fs A `-Wn\pw Zl-\-n\pw ka-\m-p-I. An A-bpsS Hcp apJ-am-W.v AXp-sImv Av Cu {]]-s `np-p. B apJw sImv Av Fs A `-I\mp-I. A-bpsS Am-as apJw sImv Av kh{]m-Wn-I-sfbpw `n-p-p. AXp-sImv Av Fs A-t`m-Pn-bm-p-I. Av Fs {]mW {]P arK- Fnh Hn-s\bpw \in-n-cp-Xv. R-fpsS i{Xp-fpsS {]mW-s\bpw {]P-I-sfbpw arK--sfbpw \in-n-pI. Rm a{m- [n- ]- Xn- bmb tZh-X- sbbpw A-bpsS kc- W -{ In- b - s bbpw A\p-h n- p Iq- n- e m-W v .' Cs\ at{m-m-c-W-tmsS hes `pPw A\zmh\w sNp-I.

]n-tWmn tX\ aptJ\ am AmZw IphnjvS GIw apJw tX\ aptJ\ Caw temI-an tX\ aptJ\ ama-mZw Ipcp Xzbn ]aw apJw tX\ aptJ\ khmWn `qXm-\ykvXn tX\ aptJ\ ama-mZw Ipcp. am kvamcw {]mtW\ {]Pbm ]ip`n-cht-]jvSm tbm kvam tZzjvSn bw Nhbw - Zznjva-kvX ky {]mtW\ {]Pbm ]ip-`n-c]ob - tkzXn ssZho-am-hrXm amhr BZn-Xykym hrXa-\zm-h CXn `nWw _lp-am-\zm-h - -tX. AY kwth-iy Pmbssb lrZ-b-a-`n-ar-ti-Zyt kpkota lrZtb lnX ax {]Pm-]Xu at\ylw amw XZv hnZzmwkw tX\ am lw ]u{X-alw cpZanXn \lm-kvamXv ]qhmx {]Pmx ss{]Xo-Xn.
A\-cw hyXy-kvXamb Hcp D]m-k-\sbnbmWv ]d-bp--Xv. ]uan Znhkw kybvv Ingp Znn

7. AY t{]mjym-b ]p{Xky aq[m-\a -`n-arti-Xv. AwKm-Zw-KmXv kw`-hkn lrZ-bm-Z-[n-Pm-btk Bm Xzw ]p{X-am-hn[ k Poh icZx iX-a-kmhnXn \mamky KrlvWm-Xn. Aivam `h ]c-ip `h. lnc-Wy-a-kvXyXw `h. tXtPm ssh]p-{X-\mamkn k Poh icZx iX- a m-k m-h nXn \mamky KrlvWmXn tb\ {]Pm-]Xnx {]Pmx ]cy-Kr-lvWmXv AcnjvssSy tX\ Xzm ]cn-Kr-lvW may kmhn{Xn \mamky KrlvWmXn AYmky ZntW It P]Xy kvssa {]bn aL-hp Pohn-jn-n-Xo{ t{ijvTm\n {Zhn-Wm\n tZloXn kthy amnm am hyYnjvSm iXw icZ Bbptjm Poh-]p{X tX \mav\m ap[m \a-h-Pn-{Lm-hy-km-hn-X n-{Xnap[m\-a-hPn-t{LXv Khmw Xzm lnm-tc-Wm-`nlnw ItcmaoXn {Xn aq[m\ a`n lnw Ipcym-Xv.

103

A\y tZi-p-\npw Xncn-s-nb ]nXmhv Xs ]p{Xs inc-n {LmWnv Cs\ ]d-bWw: AwKn\npw lrZ-b-n \npw Dm-b-h\m-Wv. \o Fs \c-I-n \nv cn-p. \o \qdp-hjw Pohnn-cn-p-I. \o hwi-]c--csb hnn--am-n-o-cp-Xv. a\km hmNm ico-tcW \o Hcn-epw ]oUn-X\mbn Xoccp-Xv. ]ip AXns InSm-hns\ hnfn-m i_vZap-mp-Xp-t]mse Rm\pw \ns kvt\l-]qhw hnfn-pI-bm-Wv. Cs\ ]dv kqNn-n--s-n-p a{- bYm-hn[n sNm-Ww.

{]mW--fn-se-p-p. hopw {]mW--fn \npw Cu kh in-Ifpw Bhn`-hn-p-p. Cu hn]-cn-Wm-a-s-n-bp m\w knn hyn-bpsS B ]h-Xn- \ p- t ]mepw A\m- Z - cn- m km[y- a - . Ahs\ FXnp-- hv \mi-amWv ]cn- Wm-aw. Cu hn[w ImWpIbpw Nnn-p-Ibpw tIp-Ibpw apw sNp inip Xs-bmWv {]mW.

Hcn- hmv Npv t{im{Xw a\v FnhbpsS tZh-X-am Al-m-cn-I-fmbn X-fpsS t{ijvTXzw m]np--Xn-\mbn {]mW-t\m-sSmw ico-c-n \npw ]pdp-t]m-bn. AXn-\p-tijw Cu C{n-b--fpsS tZh-X-am Hmtcm-cp--cmbn ico-c-n {]th-in-p. As\ {]thin--tXmsS icocw kwkm-cn-p--Xn\pw ImWp--Xn\pw tIp--Xn\pw Nnn-p--Xn\pw B-cw-`-am-bn. Fm {]mW Cm-Xn-cp--Xp-sImv th hn[-n Imcy-aX {]Zin-n-m Ahv Ign-n-. AtXmsS kIe C{n-b-pw {]mWs alXzw AwKo-IcnmsX Xc-an-sp hp. {]mW-\mWv kthm-]cn alXz-sa-Xv Ah-scmw k-Xn-p. BImi kzcq-]-fmbn tZh-]-cn-k-c-s--n-bmWv C\n ]d-bp--Xv. Cu euIn- Ah kz-n-senx Aar-X-Xzhpw ssI hcn-p. Imn ian-p-tm AXm-bXv acn-p-tm AXns 10. AYmXx ]nXm ]p{Xobw kw {]Zm-\anXn N tXPv kqcy-\n-tebvv t]mIp-p. kqcy ad-bp-tm BN--tX. ]nXm ]p{Xw t{]jvT -m-l z-bXn \ AXns tXPv N{-\n-tebvv t]mIp-p. AXp-t]mse N{s tXPv hnZyp-nepw hnZyp-n-sXv hmbp-hnepw sshXr-ssW-cw-Kmcw kwkvXocy Anw D]m-k-am{]th-i n-p-p. AtX {]Im-c-n Xs a\p-j y [mb DZ-I pw`w k{]m-{X-a p-] - \ n-[ mb Bl-t X\ hmp aptJ\ FmtWm? kwkm-cn-p-Xv AXv {_- hmkkm kw{]-x kzbw tiyX GXy ]p{X\ cq]w Xs-bm-Wv. hmv Ah-km-\n-p-tm AXns D]-cn-jvSm-Z-`n-\ n-] -Zy-tX. C{n-s sb-c -tky-{n-bmWn tXPv Np- n {]th-in- p-p. Npv AS- bp-tm kwkv ] r- i y m]n hm A`n- a p- J X Gh m k oX AXns in ImXp-Ifn {]th-in-p-p. ImXns AYmkvssa kw{]-b-Xn hmNw ta Xzbn Z[m-\oXn in Ah-km-\n-p-tm AXv a\-n sNs-p- ]nXm hmNw tX abn Z[ CXn ]p{Xx {]mWw p. a\v \njv{In-b-am-bn-o-cp-tm AXns tXPv taXzbn Z[m-\oXn ]nXm {]mWw tX abn Z[ CXn

8. AYmtXm tZhx ]cn-kcx GXssZz {_m-Zn]ytX bZ- n PzeXn X{n-btX b PzeXn Xkym-ZnXy tah tXmtPm KXn hmbpw {]mWx GXssZz {_ Zo]ytX bZm- Z ntXy ZriytX AssY-X-{n-btX X Zriy tX Xky N{-amk tah tXtPm KXn hmbpw {]mWx GXssZz {_Zo-]ytX XZv hnZyp-tZym-XtX AssYX {nbXv b hntZym-XtX Xky hmbp-tah tXtPm KXn hmbpw {]mWx Xm hmw GXmx khmx tZhXm hmbp-tah {]hniy hmbu arXm-\-NvOt Xkvam-ssh ]p\cp-`o-cX CXyZn ssZh-Xw. AYm-[ymw GXssZz {_ Zo]ytX bZzm-Nm-b-ZXy ssYX-{an-btX b hZXn Xky {_-Z o-]ytX b- pjm ]iyXn GX-Xvv#n-btX b ]iyXn Xky t{im{X tah tXmtPm KXn {]mWw {]mWx GXssZz {_-Zo]ytX b-\ km [ymbXy ssYX-{n-btX b [ymbXn Xky {]mW-tah tXtPm-KXn. {]mWx - Xm Gh GXm khmx tZhXmx {]mW-tah {]hniy {]mW-n]vXm \ aqOt Xkvam ssZzh ]p\-cpZo-c-tX. ZXy-Znl hm Ghw hnZzmw k D`u ]h-Xmh`n {]ht-bmXmw XpkvXqj-amWm `n-Wtm--c \ssl-ssh\w kvXrWzo-bmXmw AY b G\w Zznjn bmw kzbw tZzjvSn X G\w kth ]cn- {an-b - t. irWz a\km [ymb inipx Gh AssY-\Xv at\m {]hn-thi XZv hm Nmh- Z pjm. ]iyXv t{imt{XW irWz a\km [ymb inipx Ghm-ssY-\Xv {]mW.

9. AYmtXm \nx t{ib-km-Zm\w khm l ssh tZhXm Alw t{ibtk hnh-Z-am\mx AkvamZv icocmXv D-{Iapx Xm-cp-`qXw intcm ssY\Xv hmv {]hn-thi XZzmNm hZ-nipx Gh AssY-\-px {]hn-thi XZzmNm Ah-Z - p jm ]iy-nipx Ghm ssY\Xv {]mWx {]hn-thi XZzm-N m-h-Z -pjm ]iyXv t{imt{XW irWz a\-km-[ymb inip Ghm ssY\Xv {]mWx {]hn-th-iXX - Gh kap-u tXtZhm {]mtW \nt{i-bkw hnZnXzw {]mW-tah {]m-m\w A`nkw `qb ksslssXx kssh-c-kvamXv temImXv D-{Iapx tX hmbp {]XnjvT m BIm-i m- m\x kzco- bpkvXYm Gsshhw hnZzm kthjmw `qXm\mw {]mW-tah {]m-m\ a`n kw`qb ksslXx kssh-c-kvamXv ico-cmXv DXv{Im-aXn k hmbp {]Xnjv T BIm- i m- m- k z- t cXn k XZv `hXn Xss{XtX tZhmk XXv {]m]y XZ-artXm `hXn bZ-arXmx tZhmx

104

I ]p{Xx Np ta Xzbn Z[m-\oXn ]nXm. NpkvtX-abn Z[ CXn ]p{Xx t{im{Xw ta Xzbn Z[m\oXn ]nXm t{km{Xw ta abn Z[ CXn ]p{Xx Am-c-kmXv ta Xzbn Z[m-\o-Xn. ]nXm A ckmw kvtX abn Z[ CXn ]p{Xx ImWn ta Xzbn Z[m-\o-Xn. ]nXm ImWn ta abn Z[ CXn. ]p{Xx kpJ ZpxtJ ta Xzbn Z[m-\ o- X n. ]nXm kpJ ZpxJtX abn Z[ CXn. ]p{Xx B\w cXnw {]PmXow tX abn Z[ CXn. ]p{X CXymta Xzbn Z[m-\oXn ]nXm CXymkvtX abn Z[ CXn ]p{Xx [ntbm hnm-Xhyw Imam ta Xzbn ZnZm-\oXn ]nXm [ntbm hnm-Xhyw Imamw kvtX abn Z[ CXn ]p{Xx AY ZnWm hpXv {]mMp ]\n jv{IaXnXw ]nXm \p a{-btX btim {_ h ka-mZyw Ion kvXzmpj Xman-XytY Xcx khyw ka-\z-t]-tX ]mWn\m A [mb hk\m-t\ hm{]-mZy kzmXv temImXv I Imam \m]v\ p loXn kbcy KZx kymXv ]p{XssWy iztcy ]nXm- k - h - t kXv ]cn- h m- t P- Z yZyp ssh t{]bmZy tZssh\w kam-]-bmXn XYm. kam-]bn Xthym `hXn XYm kam-]-bn-Xthym `h-Xn. CXn ZznXo-tbm-[ym-bx

b. kXyw lo{x ktlm-hm-N. am tah hnPm-\oln GX-tZ-h mlw a\p-jymb lnX-Xaw at\y-bamw hnPm-\o-bm-Xv. {Xn{io-iojmWmw Xzmjv{S-a-l-\-acpap-Jm-\y-Xo kmem-hr-tI`yx {]mbw hox kw[m AXn-{Iay Znhn {]mZo bm\-XrW al-a-cot ]utem-am ]rYnhymw Ime-Jm-\-Pm. Xky ta X{X \ tema N am aob-tX. ktbm amw hnPm-\o-bm-mky tI\ N IWm temtIm aobtX. \ amXr-ht[\ \ ]nXr-h-t[\ \ kvtXtb\ \ {`qW-lXybm \mky ]m]w N\-N-Irtjm apJmoew th XoXn.

Znthm-Zm-ks ]p{X-\mb {]X-\ Hcn- kzn t]mbn. At-l-ns bp NmXp-cyhpw ]pcpjmhpw Iv C{ hfsc kp-jvS-\mbn Cs\ ]dp: "Rm Abvv Fp hcw XcWw?' {]X\ ]dp: "tZh-cm-P, Av GsXmcp hkvXp-hmtWm a\pjy PmXnv awK-f-Im-cn-sbp a\-n-em-p-Xv AXv Xcq. hcw Ap-Xs Xnc-s-Sp- p- I.'AXp- tIv C{ ]dp: "hcw Bcpw A\yp-thn tNmZn-m-dn-.' AXn- \m A-bvs-m- h-iytam AXv tNmZn-mw. {]Z\ ]d-p. A-s\-sb-n F\nv Hcp hchpw tNmZnm-\n-. C{ GXm-bmepw hmn \nv ]nam-dn-bnXs Ay-Imew kao-]n-p-shv t_m[yw hm . kXy-kz-cq-]\mb C{ ]dp: "{]X-\, Av ]nXm-hn\v ]p{Xs\ hnfnv Xs {]mW-i-nsb Ah- Fs a\-n-em-p-I. a\p-jy-Pm-Xnv Fs \-t]mse \n {]Xn-jvTn- m-hp-- Xm-Wv. AXn-\mbn Abm ]p{Xs a\-n-em-p-XmWv awK-fI-cw.' khmw-K-fpw kv]inv Xs hmv, {]mW {LmWw {]Pm- ]-Xn-bpsS ]p{X-\mb hniz-cq-]-s\ {Xnin-c-ns\ Npv t{im{Xw A-ckw Iw kpJ ZpxJ- Rm h{Pm-bp-[-m l\n-p. B{i-a{`-jvS-cmb k\ymkm-t\m-Xv]m-Z\ in km-c-in _pn apX-emkn-amsc AwK-`wKw hcpn Ipdp-\cn-Iv sImSp-p. bh Ah\v {]Zm\w sNmw. ]p{X\v Ah kzoI-cn-m-hp{]mZ ]cn-Nm-c-Icmb cm-kamsc sImpw {]tem- Xm-W.v AXn- \p- tijw ]nXmhv Pohn-n-cn- p- I-bm-sW-n am-kp-cs ]cn-Nm-I-scbpw Ime-Im-iy-sc ssZXy-scbpw ]p{Xs\ B{i-bnv Ign-p-Iq-Sp-Itbm k\ymkw kzoIsImsm-Sp-n. AXp-sIm-smpw F\nv oWw `hncnv Krlw ssI shSn-bp-Itbm Bhmw. As\ ]p{X\v n-. Cs\ Fs a\-n-em-n-bm Abm-fpsS ]pWy]nXm-hns kh inIfpw ssI hcn-m Ignbpw temIw Ap-am-bn-cn-pw. Fs bYm kzcq]w AtXmsS ]p{X ]nXm-hns bYm A\-cm-hIm{Kln--hs\ Hcp ]m]hpw D]-{Z-hn-n-. Ah Hcp ]m]in-bmbn `hn-p-p. nepw ]m-fn-bm-In-. ]m]-{]-hrn Pm{K-m-bmepw ]p{X-t\mSv ]nXmhv ]d-bp-Xpw ]p{X {]Xyp--c- Ahs apJv \oe-a-bp-m-hn-. ambn ]d-bp-Xp-amb hmIy--fmWv aqe-n Dsm2. k tlm hmN {]mtWm kvan {]m-mXw p- -Xv.

aqmw Aymbw
1. {]XZt\m l ssZthm-Zm-kn-cn-{ky {]nbw [mtam-] -P -K m-a . bpt\ N ]ucp-tjW N Xw tl{x DhmNx {]XZ-\ , hcw tX ZZm \nXn. ktlm-hmN {]XZ\x Xztah hrWojz bw Xzw a\p-jymb lnX-Xaw a\yk CXn Xw tl{ DhmNb \ ssh htcm Ah-ckvssa hrWo-tX. Xztah hrWo-tjy-tXyh ahtcm ssh Ine CXn tlm hmN. {]ZZ\x AY Jep C{x kXym-tZh t\\m-

amam-bp-c-ar-Xan-Xyp-]m-kzm. Bbpx {]mWx {]mtWm hm Bbpx {]mW Ghm arXw bmhXv ln Akan icotc {]mtWm hkXn Xmh Zmbpx {]mtW\ ln Gh Akvan temtI AarX Xzam-]vt\m-Xn. {]tbm kXyw kev]w k tbm aam-bp-car-X-an-Xyp-]mkvtX kh-am-bp-c-kvan temI bGXn. B]vt \mXn Aar-X Xzw AnXnw kzttemtI XssI Blp-tcI `qbw ssh {]mWm K-o-Xn. \ ln I\ iIv\p bmXv kIr-ZzmNm \ma-{]-m-]bnXpw Npjm cq]w t{imt{XW i_vZw a\-km-[ymXpw CXn GI-`qbw ssh{]mWmx

105

I GssI-I-ta-Xm-\n. khm-tWym-h-{]-m-]-bn
hmNw hZn kth {]mWm A\p-h-Z-n. Npx ]iyXv kth {]mWmx A\p-] -i yn t{im{Xw irWzXv kth {]mWm A\p-ir-W z-n. {]mWw {]mWmw kth {]mWmx A\p- {]m- W - o-X n. Gh apssl-X-Z nXn tl{ DhmN AkvX n-tXzh {]mWm\mw \nx t{ib-k-an-Xn.
hopw C{ ]d-p. "Rm {]- bpsS kmmXv cq]-amb {]mW-\m-Wv. B {]mW\pw {]m-cq-]amb Bm-thmSp IqSn-b-hs\pw Adn-n-p C{-\mb Fs Bbp-m-sWpw Aar-X-am-sWpw IcpXn D]mkn-p-I. {]mW Aar-X-am-Ip-p. AXp-Xs Bbp-pw. Bbp-p-Xs {]mW. Cu tZl-n {]mW Dn-Stmfw am{Xta Bbp-p-q. Fm {]mW-cq-]n-bmb Pohn ]c-tem-Ip t]mbn Aar-X-ns B\w A\p`-hn-p-p. {] aptJ-\ -bmWv kXym-k -Xy--fpsS \n-bw. C{-\mb Fs Bbp-spw Aar-X-sapw IcpXn D]m-kn-p--h temI-n ]qm-bp-p-hsc Pohn-n-cpv kz {]m]vXn-p-tijw Hcn-epw \jvSam-I m Aar- X - X z- ns B\w A\p-` - h n- pw. {]mWs\ kw_-n-n-S-tmfw Nne ]WvUn-Xm ]dbp-Xv Fm {]mW-fpw Htc `mhw tN-Xm-sW-mWv. Hcmpw ImXp-sImv tIm\pw a\-p-sIm-v Nnn-m\pw Ip-sImv ImWm\pw hmp-sImv ]dbm\pw Hcp-anv km[y-a-. Ah-sb-sm-p A\p-`hw {]tXyIw {]tXyIw ka- b-m-Wv. a\p Nnn-p Ln asm {]mW-fpw AXp-ambn kl-Icnv Nnma-b-am-Ip-p. t\{Xw Fs-nepw ImWp-tm ap {]mW AXns\ A\p-k-cn-p-p. hmv Fs-nepw ]dbp-tm ap {]mW- AXns klm-bn-I-fm-Ip-p. ImXp tIp- tmgpw A-s\--s. {][m\ {]mWs Imcy-n ap {]mW- kl-I-cn- p- p. C{ ]dp: ""Fm {]mW-fpw Hp-Xs. Cu ]-{]mW-fpw IeymW kzcq-]n-I-fmWv F Imcyw bYma-s{X.''

Xkvam-t Z-X-tZh D]m-ko-X . tbm ssh {]mWx km {]m bm hm {]m k {]mWx k ln GXm-h -k va n icotc hkXx ktlmXv {Ima-X kvXssky Gjm Gh ZrjvSnx GXXv hnm-\w. b{X GXXv ]pcpjx kp]vXx kz]v\w \ I\ ]iy- X yYmkv a n {]mW Gh GIYm `h- n. XssZ\w hmIv kssh\m- a `nx klm- t ]yXn t{im{Xw ksshx i_vssZx ktlm-]ytX a\x ksshx [ymss\x klm-t]yXn k kZm {]Xn_p-[ytX bYm-t Pze\x khm-Zntim hniv]penwKm hn{]-Xn-jvtT-c-th ta Ghw Xkvam Zm\x {]mWm bYm bX\w hn{]-Xn-jvTt {]mtWt`ym tZhm tZtht`ym temIm. Xky Gjm Gh knnx GXZv hnm\w. bss{X-XXv ]pcpj Btm acn-j y- m-_ eyw t\yXy ktmlw t\yX-a-X ` lpx DZ-{I-a o- nw \ irtWmXn \ ]iyXn \ hmNm hZXn \ [ymb-Xy-Ym-kvan {]mW Gssh IYm `hXn XssZ\w hmIv kssh \ma`nx klmt]yXn t{im{Xw ksshx i_vssZx ktlm-t]yXn a\x ksshx [ymss\x klm-t]yXn bZm {]Xn_p-[ytX bYm-t PzetXm hnkv^p-enwKm hn{]Xn-jvtT-c-t-h-ta-sshX kvamZm-\x {]mWm bYmb-X \w hn{]-Xn-jvTt {]mtWt`ym tZhm tZth t`ym temImx

3. PohXn hmK-t]tXm aqIm ln ]iymtam Pohn-Xn. Np ct] tXm Am ln ]iymtam PohXn t{im{Xm t]tXm _[n-cm ln ]iymtam Poh-Xn. at\m t]tXm _mem ln ]iymtam PohXn. _mlp-ntm Poh-Xyp-cp-n CXnx Ghw ln ]iyma CXn. AY Jep {]mW Gh {]mXv taZw icocw ]cn-Kr-tlym-m-]-b-Xn.
hmv Cs-nepw a\p-jy Pohn-n-cn-p-p. aqI-\mb hyn CXn-p-Zm-l-cWam-W-tm. A\pw Pohn-n-cn- pp. _[n-c\pw acn-p-n-. a\- n-bn-s-nepw inip- Pohn-n-cn-p-p. ssIIm-ep-Itfm av AwKtfm \jvS-s--hcpw Pohn-n-cn-p-pv Fm {]mW\n- m ]w bmsXm-cmpw Hcn-epw Pohn-n-cn- m Ign-bp-n-.

AXn-\m AXn-s\-s D]m-kn-p-I. {Inbm-i-nbpsS t_m[-ap-m-p {]mW Xs-bmWv m\n {]hn-p {]m--I-amb Bm-hv. AXpX-s-bmWv tZls Fm `mK- p-\ npw {Klnv hyXykvX I- sNn- p-- Xv. AXn-\m Cu {]mWs\-s DIvY-sap IcpXn D]m-kn--Ww. {]mW-cq-]n {]kn-am-bn-pXpXs {]. {]bpw {]mW\pw ico-c- n Hcp-anv Ign-bp- p. {]mW-ab {_s kw_-n m\w CXm-Wv. Pohn-I apJy {]mW-\n GIo-`-hn-p-tm kz]v\w ImWp-I-bn-. B nXn-bn Pohn-I Xs \ma--tfmSpw t\{XmZn C{nb-- a\v Fnh-tbm-Sp-samv apJy {]mW-\n ebnp-p. Fcn-bp Xobn \nv Xosm-cn-I \mep-]mSpw NnX-dp-p. AXp-t]mse a\p-jy m\w t\Snb tijw {]mW-\m-Ip Bm-hn \npw hmv apX-emb Fm {]mW-fpw ]pd-sv AXm-Xns m\--fn {Klnp-p. ]noSv Ah-bn \npw An XpS-nb tZhm {]Xy-sv hn`n {]h-\ \S-m-\p Imc-W-ambnocp-p. {]mW-cq-]amb Bm-hns knn-sb--n-bm-sW-n a\p- jy tcmKn-bmbn acn-m XpS- p- tm Ah in lo\\pw sslX\y cln-X\p-am-Ip-p. Atm Ah\v ]cn-N-b- m-sctbm {]nb P\--sftbm Xncn- -dn- bm inbn-. B Ah-bvv {]mtWm-Xv{I-aWw Fp ]d-bpp. B L-n Ah Fs-nepw ]d-bp-Itbm

106

I tIp-Itbm a\-n-em-p-Itbm sNp-n-. tIhew


{]mW--fn ebn-n-cn-p-p. Atm \ma, cq], i_vZ Nnm-Zn-I {]mW-\n ebn-p-p. Fm ac-Wm-\cw Ah ]p\Pw kzoI-cn-ptm Pzen-p An-bn Xosm-cn-I ]pd-s-Sp--Xp-t]mse {]mW-cq]n-bmb Bm-hn \npw ]-{]m-W-fpw ]pd-sv Ah-cpsS m\w kzoI-cn-p-p. Ah-bpsS A[n-jvTmXm-hmb An apX-emb tZh-X-I {]Xy--sv temIw \maw XpS-n-b-hsb bYm-tbmKyw ssIsm-p-p.

4. k bZm Akv a mXv ico- c mXv DXv{ Im-a Xn kssl ssh ssXx kssh- c p-X v{ Im- a Xn hmKkvamXv khmWn \mam\n A`n-hn-kr-P-tX. hmNm khmWn \mam\n B]vt\m-Xn. {]mtWm kvam khm Km B]v t \m- X n. Np- c - k v a mXv khmWn cq]mWn A`n- h n- k r- P - tX. Npjm khmWn cq]mWn B]vt \m-Xn. t{imX-a-kva mXv khm i_vZ m A`n-hn-kr-P-tX. at\m-kvamXv khmWn [ym\m\n A`n- h n- k r- P - t X. a\km khmWn [ym\m\n B]vt\m-Xn. sskjm {]mtW khm]vXnx tbm ssh {]mWx km {]m bm hm {]m k {]mWx kl- t ]yXm hkv a n icotc hkXx ktlmXv {Ima-Xx. AY Jep bYm Assky {]mssb khmWn `qXm\n GIw `h-Xn. XZv hymJym kymax
icocw hnp-t]m-Ip Pohn DXv{I-an-p L-n AXv Fm C{n-b-fpw tNmWv DXv{I-an-p--Xv. Atm hmv kIe \ma- - sfbpw XyPn-p-p. {LmtW{nbw K-c-ln-X-am-bn-o-cp-p. t\{X- bmsXmpw ImWm in-bn-m--h-bmbn `hn-p-p. sNhn khi-_vZ-sfbpw shSn-bp-p. a\v Nnn-m-\p-X-Ip kIe hnj-b--sfbpw ]cn-Xy-Pn-p-p. Cs\ {]mWcq-]n-bmb Bm-hn kIe C{n-b-fpw kan--sSp-p. Ah X-fpsS hnj-b-sf ]q-ambpw ]cn-XyPn-p-I- bm-W.v {] Fv ]d-b p- Xp Xs-b mWv {]mW. {]mW Xs {]. cpw tZl-n tNv Ign-bpp. Hcp-anp Xs cpw DXv{I-an-p-p. {]-bn C-s\-bmWv kh-`q-X-fpw GIo-`-hn-p-Xv Fv hniZo-I-cn-mw.

thhmkym GI-a m-{X-a p-Z q-V w. Xtbm I ]ckvXmXv {]Xn-hn-lnXm `qX-am-{Xm. ico-c-ta-hmkym GI awK-ap-ZqVw Xky kpJ ZpxtJ ]c-kvXmXv {]Xn hnlnXm `qX-am-{Xm. D] Ghmkym GI awK-ap-ZqVw Xkym-\tm cXnx {]PmXnx ]c-kvXmXv {]Xn-h n-lnXm `qX-am-{Xm. ]mZm-th-hmkym GIaw Kap-Zq-Vw. Xtbm-c nXym ]c-kvXmXv {]Xn-hn-ln-Xm`qX am{Xm {]t - h mky GI - a w- K - a p - Z qVw Xssky [ntbm. hnm-Xmhyw Imam ]c-kvXmXv {]Xn-hn-lnXw `qX-am-{Xm.

hmv {]-bpsS Hcw-K-ns ]qo-I-cWw \nhln-p-p. B C{nbw AXns hnj-b-n-\\p-cq-]-ambn ]pd-tbvv Bi-b- hnSp-p. AXp-t]mse {]bpsS Hcp AwK-ns ]qo-IcWw {LmtW-{nbw \nh-ln-p-p. AXns hnj-b-n-\-\p-k-c-Wambn K I-dn-bp-p. t\{Xw {]-bpsS asmcp AwKs ]pjv Sn-s-Sp-p-p. AXns hnj-b-n-\-\p-cq-]-am-bn-pXv cq]-am-Wv. t{imt{X-{nbw {]-bpsS asm-cw-Ks ]q-am-p-p. AXn-\-\p-cq-]amb hnjbw i_vZam-Wv. \mpw {]-bpsS Hcw-Ks ]q-am-p-p. AXns kz`mhw kzmZv Xncn--dn-bp-I-bm-Wv. ssIIfpw {]-bpsS asm-cw-Ks ]pjvSn-s-Sp-p-p. AXns {]h\ aWvUew I-am-Wv. tZlhpw {]-bpsS Hcw-Ks ]pjvSn-s-Sp-p-p. AXns {]h\ aWvUew Iam-Wv. tZlhpw {]-bpsS Hcw-Ks ]pjvSn-s-Sp-pp. AXns hnj-b-n-\\p-cq-]-am-bn-p-Xv kpJ-Zpx-J-fm-Wv. D]-hpw {]-bpsS Hcw-Ks ]cn-]p-jvSam-p-p. AXns {]h\ aWvUew I-am-Wv. tZlhpw {]-bpsS Hcw-Ks ]pjvSn-s-Sp- p-p. AXns hnj-b-n-\-\p-cq-]-am-bn-p-Xv kpJ-Zpx-J--fmWv. D]-hpw {]-bpsS Hcw-Ks ]cn-]p-jvS-am-pp. AXns _mly-hn-j-b- cXnbpw km-t\m-ev]mZ-\hp-amWv. Imep-Ifpw {]-bpsS cwKs ]q-amp-p. AXns _mly-hn-jbw \S-p-Ibpw k-cn-pI-bp-am-Wv. {]-bpsS Hcw-Ks {] Xs ]qam-pp. AXns _mly-h n-j -b- _pn-ap-tJ\ A\p-`-hn-m Ign hkvXp-fpw a\p-jys Hmtcm B{K-l--fp-am-Ip-p.

5. hmtK hmkym GI-aw-K-ap-ZrVw Xky \ma ]c-k vX mXv {]Xn-h n- l n-X m-` q- X - a m-{ Xm. {LmWta hmkym GI-aw-K-ap-ZqVw Xky Kx ]c-kvXmXv {]Xn-hn-lnXm `qX-am-{Xm. Np-tc-hmkym GIaw Kap-ZqVw Xky cq]w ]c-kvXmXv {]Xn-hn-lnXm `qXam{Xm t{km{X-ta-hmkym GI-awKw kpZrVw Xky i_vZx ]c-kvXmXv {]Xn-hn-lnXm `qX-am{Xm Pnsslhmkym GI-a w- K w. apZqUw Xkym- - c kx ]ck v X mXv {] Xn- h n- l n- X m. `qX - a m{Xm l k v X m

6. {]bm hmNw kam-cply hmNm khmWn \mam-\ ym-] vt\m-X n. {]bm {]Ww kam-c q]y {]mtW\ khm Km B]vt\m-Xn. {]bm Npx kam-cply Npjm khmWn cq]mWn B ]v t \ m- X n. {] bm t{im{Xw kam- c ply t{imt{XW k hm i _v Z m B ]v t \m- X n. {]bm Pnlzmw kam-cp]y Pnlzbm lnkhm A-c-km B]vt\m-Xn. {]bm lkvXu kamcply lkvXm`ymw khmWn IamWn B]vt\mXn. {]bm icocw kam-cply ico-tcW kpJ ZpxtJ B]vt\m-Xn. {]bm D]w kam-cply

107

I D]-t\ B\w cXnw {]PmZnw B]vt\m-Xn.

{]m t]Xm lkvXu In\ {]m ]tb\ {]bm ]mZu kam-c ply ]mZm`ymw khm- \m a\y-{Xta at\m `qZn-Xym-l. \ml-ta-XXv I CXym B]vt\m-Xn. {]-ssb-h[nbw kam-cply {]m- k n- j - a nXn \ln {]m- t]Xw icocw {]-ssbh [ntbm hnm-Xhyw Imam-\m-]vt\m- kpJw ZpxJw In\ {]m-] tb Z\y{X ta Xn. at\m `qZnXym l. \ml taXXv kpJ- Z pxtJ {]m-kn-j -a n-Xn. \ ln {]m-t]Xu ]mZma\p-jy hmv hiw hZ-amn {]-ap-tJ\ XshnXym Im\ {]m-]tb-Xm-a-\y{X ta at\m bmWv \ma-sf {Kln-p-- X.v {]- ap-tJ\ Xs-bmWv `qZn-X ym-l . \ml-ta-X m-anXmw {]m-k n-j -a n-Xn. {]mW-\n A[n-Imcw sNepn Fm-hn-[-n-ep-ap \ln {]m-t]-X[ox ImN\ knty {]mK--sfbpw {Kl-p--Xv. {] aptJ\ XsbmWv Xhyw {]m-b-tX.
t{im{X- i_vZ-sf {Kln-p--Xv. As\ {ihW {Inb kw`-hn-p-p. {] aptJ\ Xs-bmWv \mv A-ckw {Klnv hn`n {]Im-c-n-ep kzmZv Adnbp--Xv. ssII hnhn[ I-mbn {]hn-pXpw {Inbm-io-e-am- Ip-Xpw {] aptJ-\-bm-Wv. icocw hnhn-[--fmb kpJ ZpxJ--f-\p-`-hn-p-Xpw {]bm Xs. D]w t`mKm--I-amb {]P-\\-{Inb sNpXpw {]-bm Xs. Imep-I Ka-\m-Ka\ I sNp- Xpw {]-b m Xs. {]-bm {]-bn A[n-Imcw m]n-mWv a\p-jy ]e hn[n-ep B{K-l km[n-p--Xv. -

7. \ln {] m- t ]Xm hmMv \ ma In \ {] m- ] - t bXv A\y{X ta at\m A]- ` q- Z nXyml\ml- t a- X - ma {]m- k n- j -a n-X n. \ln {]m-\m-t]Xx {]mtWm Kw I\ {]m]tb Z\y{X ta at\m `qZnXym l \ml-taXw Kw {]m knj anXn. \ln {]m t]Xw Np-cq]w In\ {]m-]tb Z\y-{X. ta at\m `qZnXym-l. \ml-ta-XZv cq]w {]mkn j anXn. \ln {]m t]Xw Np-cq]w In\ {]m]tb Z\y-{X. ta at\m `qZn Xyml. \ml-ta-XZv cq]w {]mkn j anXn. \ {] m- t ]Xw t{im{Xw i_vZw I\ {]m ]tb-Z\y{X ta at\m-`q-Zn-Xyml \ml-taXw i_vZw {]m knj anXn. \ln {]m t]Xm Pnlzm A ckw I\ {]m-]tb Z\y{X ta at\m`qZnXym-l. \ml- t aXw A- c kw {] m- k n- j - a n- X n, \ {]m t]Xm lkvXu In\ {]m ]tb\ \m a\y-{Xta at\m `qZn- X ym- l \mltaX- ma {]m-kn-j-an-Xn. \ln {]m-\m-t]Xx {]mtWm Kw I\ {]m- ] tb Z\y{X ta at\m `qZnXym l \ml-taXw Kw {]m knj anXn. \ln {]m t]Xw Np-cq]w In\ {]m]tb Z\y-{X. ta at\m `qZnXym-l. \ml-ta-X Zv cq]w {]mkn j anXn. \ {] m- t ]Xw t{im{Xw i_vZ w I\ {]m-]-tb-Z-\y{X ta at\m-`q-Zn-Xyml \ml-taXw i_vZw {]m knj anXn. \ln {]m t]Xm Pnlzm A ckw I\ {]m-]tb Z\y{X ta at\m `qZnXyml. \ml-taXw A-ckw {]m-knj anXn, \

{]-tbmSp IqSm--Xm-sW-n Hcp hmpw Hcp \ma-n-sbpw t_m[w Df-hm-p-Ibn-. Cu Ah-bn Fs a\v C `mK-m-bn-cp-p. "F\nv B Imcyw a\-n-em-m Ign-n' Fsmw ]d-bp-tm {]m- lo-\-amb C{nb {]h-\-sa- n Imcy- t_m[w Dm-hp-n-. {]m-lo- \-amb C{nb {]h-\-sa- n Imcy-t_m[w Dm-hp-n-. {]m-lo-\-amb t\{X-n\v cq]w I-dn-bm km[y-a-. {]m lo\-amb t{im{Xw bmsXmcp i_vZsbpw tIm i-a. {]m lo\-amb \mhn\v A ckm-kzm-Z\w km[y-a-. {]bn-m ]w ssIIv Hcp {]hr-n-sb--n-bp-ap m\w e`n-n-. {]m-lo-\-amb tZlw Hcp hn[n-ep kpJ-Zpx-J-fpw Adn-bp-I-bn-. {]m-lo-\amb D]w {]P-\\{Inbm ka-a-. {]m-c-ln-X- amb ]mZ-v t]mImt\m ]cmt\m Hpw th hn[n km[y-a-. _un-I -amb bmsXmcp Imcyhpw {]-bn-s-n th-hn[w \S-p-I-bn-.

8. \ Nmbw hnPnm koX hmcw hnZym. \ Kw hnPn- m- k oX cq]- h nZym hnZym- X v . \ i_vZw hnPn-m-koX Imcw hnZym kpJ ZpxtJ hnPn-m-koX kpJ-Zpx-Jtbm hnPn-mXmcw hnZym-Xv. \m\w cXow \ {]PmXow hnPnm-koX B\-ky ctXx {]Pm tX hnmXmcw hnZym-Xv. t\Xymw hnPn-mko ssXXmcw hnZym-X v. Xm hm GXm-Z -ssih `qX-a m{Xm A[n]w Zi {]m-am{Xm A[n `qXw. bn `qXam- { Xm- \ - k yp \ {]m am{Xm kyq bZzm {]m am{Xm \ kyp \`qX am{Xm kypx
hmv Adn-bp-Xp-sIm-p-am{Xw Hcp {]tbm-P-\hp-an. hmns\ t{]cn-n-p Bm-hns\ a\-n-em-Ww. Ks am{Xw Adn-bm {ian--Xp-sIm-m-bn-. Ks {Kln- p Bm-h ns\ Adn-b-Ww. cq]w am{Xw Adn-bp-hm-\p {kaw shdp-sX-bm- W.v cq]--\mb Bm-hn-s\-bmWv Adn-tb--Xv. i_vZw Adn-bm am{Xw {ian--Xp-sIm-m-bn-. i_vZw {ihn-p Bm-hns\ Adn-tb-Xp-v. A-ck-s-n-bp m\w e`np-sa B{Klw shdp-sX-bm-Wv. AXm-Xns Imhmb Bm-hns\ Adn-tb--Xp-.v kpJ ZpxJ-s-n Adn-bp--h\pw A\p-`-hn-p--h\p-amb Bm-h n-s \-

108

I bmWv a\-n-em-t--X.v {]P-\\ Ihpw AXns B\hpw Adn-Xp-sIm-p-am-{X-am-bn-. {]tPm-ev]-n-sbn Adn-hp Bm-hns\ a\-n-em--Ww. Kam-\Ka\ {Inb-I-sf-n am{Xw Adn-Xp-sIm-m-bn-. Kam-\K-a\v kmn-bm-bn-cn-p Bm-hns\ a\-n- em--Ww. a\-n-s\-n Adn-m am{Xw t]mcm a\\ ioe-amb Bm-hns\ Adn-b-Ww. {]-bn nXnsN-p \mamZn hnj-b- Cu ]p `qX-am-{X-Ifpw `qX--fn nXn-sN-p hmv apX-emb C{n-b- Dsmp ]v {]m am{X-I-fp-am-Ip-p. `qX-am{X-I-fn-s-n {]m-am-{X-I-fpsS AnXzw km[y-a. Ch cn Hn-s\bpw X\nsb Xs GsX- nepw hnjb hntij knnv ka-ambn Icp-Xm ]mSn-. AXp-sIm-v, `qX-am-{X-Ifpw {]m-am-{X-Ifpw Bh-iyam-Ip-p.

k atyjp Ipcp ]mm-tejp Imio-h n-tZtljp CX k l APmX i{Xpx Imiy taXy Dhm- N . {_tX {_hm- W oXn Xw tlmhmN APmX i{Xpx kl{kw XZva kvX CtXy-Xkymw hmNn P\tIm P\I CXn hm D P\m [mh-o-Xn.

9. \ln A\y-X-ctXm cq]w In\ knty-Xv, t\m GX- m- \ m, XZy- Y m- c - Y - k ym- t cjp t\an cntXm \m`m-hcm An-Xm. Gh-ta-ssh-Xmx-`qX-am{Xmx {]m-a m-{X-k znXm {]m-am-{Xmx{]mtW nXmx k Gj {]mW Gh {]mm-\m-\t Ptcm arXw \ km[p\m IaWm `qbmtm Ghm km[p\m I\o-bm. Gjtly ssh\w km[p Ia Imc-bXn Xw b tat`ym temtI `yx Dn-\o-jX Gj D Gssh\ a km[p Ia Imc-bXn Xta-t`ym-tem-tI`yx Dn-\o-jktX. Gj - temI-]mex Gj temIm-[n-]Xn tcY kthix k a BtXn hnZymXv k a BtXn hnZym-Xv. CXn XrXo-tbm-ymbx
bYm-n {]m-am-{X-bp-sSbpw `qX-am-{X-bpsSbpw kzcq-]-n am-an-. cY-t\an Ac--fnepw Ac cY-\ m-` n- b nepw kam-{i-b n- n-cn- p- -X p-t ]mse `qX {]m-am-{X-I-fnepw {]m-am-{X-I {]mW\nepw nXn-sN-p-p. Cu {]mW AP-chpw Aa-chpw kpJ-a-bhpw {]m-m-hp-am-Wv. Cu {]mW Da I--fm Db {]m]n-p-Ibpw \oN-I--fm Db {]m]n-p-Ibpw \oN-I--fm bw {]m]np-Ibpw sNp-n-. apI-fn-se-m B{K-ln-p a\pjy-s\-smv ip`-I- sNn-p-Xpw A[x-]Xnm-\m-{K-ln-p--h-s\-smv ZpjvI- sNn-pXpw {]m-cq-]nepw {]mW-cq-]-nepw Cuiz-c Xs-bm-Wv. Cu Bmhv kh-tem-Ipw A[oi\pw temI kwc--I\pw kI-e-n\pw A[n-]-Xn-bpam-Ip-p. Cu KpW- tN {]mW Xs-bmWv Bm-shv a\-n-em-p-I.

K-hw-i-n ]nd KmKy Fsmcp {_-W Dm-bn. At-l-ns ]nXm-hns t]cv _emI Fmbn-cp-p. thZw \-hw A`y-kn--h-\m-Wv. IqSmsX thZsf A[n-I-cnv {]h-N-\-fpw \S-n-bn-cp-p. As\ Ion t\Snb Dio-\c-tZ-k-hm-kn-bm-bn-cpp At-lw. Xs hk-Xn-bn Xs nc-ambn Xma-kn-msX ]etZ-ipw ]cy-S\w \S-n. As\ Nne Znhkw Iminbnepw Nne Znhkw Ipcp-t-{X-nepw ]ns ]mme tZi-nepw Nne-tm ay-tZ-i - nepw Nne-tm anYnem cmPypw Xma-kn-p. Hcp Znhkw Atlw Imiocm-Pm-hmb APmX i{Xp-hn-t\mSn KmKy Al-m-ctmsS ]d-p. "Rm \nv {_- m-t\m- ]- tZiw sNmw.' AXp-t Iv cmPmhv ]dp: "{_, Cu Ir]bvv Rm Abvv Bbncw ]ip- sf Xcmw. Cmev B {]P-I P\-I P\-I Fp ]d-p-sImv P\-Is ASp-tbvv HmSn-s-p-I-bm-Wv.

2. ktlm hmN _emInx b Gsshj BZntXy ]pcpj- k vX -ta-h m- l -a p-] mk CX. Xw tlmhmN APm-X-i{Xpx am am GX-kvan kwhm-ZbnjvTmx _rlXv ]m-c - h mkm AXnjvT x kthjmw `qXm\mw aqt[Xn hm Al-t a- X - a p-] mk CXn k tbm s s l X tah ap ] mk vtX X nj v T mx kthjmw `qXm \mw aq[m `hXn
B KmKy ]d-p kqcy-a--en hncm-Pnp Cuiz-cs\-bmWv Rm {_m-_p-[ym-km-[\w sNp-Xv? APm-X-i{Xp ]d-p Av Cu hnj-b-sn Hpw ]d-b-cpXv B ip`-hkv{X-[m-cn-bmWv Ghpw henb alm. AXv Fm-n-s\bpw AXn-{I-anv Fmn\pw apI-fn \ne-sIm-p-p. AXp Xs Fm-nsbpw inc-v. Rm AXns\ AtX-{]-Imcw D]m-kn-pp. kqcy-a-WvU-ehn-bmb B ]pcp-js\ Cs\ D]m-kn-p a\p-jy Fm-n-s\bpw ISv Ghpw Db m\-s-p-p. Ah kh-Po-hn-Ifp-sSbpw incv t]mse `hn-p-p.

\memw A[ymbw
1. AY KmtKym l ssh _mem Inc-\q-Nn\x kwkv]rjv S Bk. tkm hZZp-io-\-tcjp kh-

3. k tlmhmN _memInx b Gsshj N{akn ]pcp- j - Y - k v X - t a- h mlw D]mk CXn Xw tlmhmNm PmX-i{Xpx am am GX-kvan kwhm-ZbnjvT mx tkmtam-c mPm A-k y. BtXn hm Al-ta-X-ap-]mtk CXn k tbm tah-ap-] m-ktX Aky Bm `hXn
KmKy ]d-p. Rm N{-a-WU-e-n {]Xn-jvTnv n--s-n-cn-p A-cym-an-bmb Cuiz-cs\bmWv D]mkn-p-Xv. AXp Xs {_w AXp-tIv APm-X-i{Xp -

109

I ]d-p ""Av Am-cysn Hpw ]d-b-cp-Xv. Cu


N{ kI-e-n\pw cmPm-hm-Wv. A- ns {]mW-\mb AXns\ Rm CtX-hn[w D]m-kn-p-p. N{a--en {]Xn-j vTn--s -n-cn-p ]pcp-js\ {_-cq-]n D]m-kn-p a\p-jy Xo-bmbpw A-ns Bm-hmbn `hn-p-p.

\--fmepw arK--fmepw k--\m-Ip-p. Ahs km\- AIm-e-ar-Xyp-hn\v Cc-bm-In-.

4. ktlm- h mN _memI nx tbm Gs shj hnZypXn ]pcpjx GXta hmlw {_tm-]mk CXn Xw tlmhmN APm-X-i{Xpx am am GX-kvan kahm-Z -bnjvT mx tXP-k ym- tXn hml-ta-X -a p-] mk CX k tbm sslX-ta-h-ap-]mkvtX tXPkx Bm`hXn
KmKy ]d-p hnZyp--WvU-e-n AK-Xambn A-cm-an-bm-bn-cn-p {_s Rm D]m-knp-p. AXp-tIv APm-X-i{Xp ]d-p. Av CXn-s\n Hpw ]d-b-. Rm tXP-ns Bm-shp IcpXn-bmWv CXns\ D]m-kn-p--Xv. hnZyp--e-n {]Xn-jvTn-Xam-bn-cn-p {_s Cu \ne-bn D]mkn-p--h tXP-ns Bm-hm-bn-o-cpw.

7. ktlm-hmN _memInx b Gsshj hmbu]p- c p-j - k vX -t a-h m- l -a p-] mk CXn Xw tlmhmN i{Xp am am GX-kva n kwhm-Z-bnjv T m Ct{m sshIpWvTx A]-cm-Pn-X m-tk-t\Xn hm Al-taX ap]mk CXn k tbm sslX- t a- h - a p- ] mkv t X PnjvW pl-hm-] -cm-Pn-jv Wp-c-\p-kvXym-Pmb `hXn
XpSv KmKy ]d-p hmbp aWvU-e-n nXn-sN-p A-cym- an- bmb ]pcp-js\ Rm {_s\ \ne-bn D]m-kn-p-p. Atm APm-X-i{Xp ]d-p Av CXn-s\-n Hpw ]d-b-cp-Xv. CXv C{-\m-Wv. CXp Xs sshIp-WTw. CXp Xs Hcn-epw tXmm v hoc-tk-\. Rm AXns\ CtX \ne-bn D]m-kn-pp. AXns\ Cs\ D]m-kn-p hyn Hcn-epw ]cm-P- b-s-Sp-n-. Ah kZm-i-{Xp-hn hnPbw t\Sp-p.

5. ktlm-hmN _memInx b Gsshj kvX\bn\vXu ]pcp-j-kvXtahm l ap]mk CXn XwtlmhmN APm-X - i {Xpx am am GX-k va n kwhm-Z bnjvTm i_vZ-kym-tXn hm Al-ta-X-ap-]mk CXn k tbm sslX-ta-hm-ap]m kvtX i_vZ-kymm `hXn
XpSv KmKy ]d-p taL-ae-n {]XnjvTn--s-n-cn-p A-cym-an-bmb Cuiz-cs\ Rm {_-sap IcpXn D]m-kn-p-p. APm-X-i{Xp ]d-p-Av AXn-s\-n Hpw ]d-b-cp-Xv. Rm AXns\ i_vZns Bmhv Fp Icp-Xn-bmWv D]m-kn-p- X v . As\ taL-a - -e - n nXn- s N- p {_s i_vZns Bm-hm-sWp IcpXn D]mkn-p-h i_vZns Bm-hmbn `hn-p-p. -

8. k tlmhmN _mem-Inxb Gsshj Au ]pcp,-kvX-ta-hm-lap-]mk CXn Xw tlmhmN APmX-i{Xpx am am GX-kvan ka-hm-Z-bnjvTm hnjmk-ln-cnXn hm Al-ta-X-ap-]mk CXn ktbm-sslX-ta-h-ap-]mkvtX hnjm-k-lnhm Gj `hXn
]ns KmKy ]d-p An a-e-n nXnsN-p A-cym-an-bmb ]pcp-js\ Rm {_-sa \ne-bn D]m-kn-p-p. Atm APm-X-i{Xp ]d-p. Av Cu hnj-b-s-n Hpw ]d-b-. CXv hnjm-kln-bmWv Rm AXns\ AtX `mh-n D]m-knp-p. An a-en nXn-sN-p ]pcp-js\ Cu `mh-n D]m-kn-p--h A\y-cpsS B{I-aWw sNdpm ka-\m-Ip-p.

6. ktlm-hmN _mem-Inxb Gsshj BIm-ti]p- c p-j - k vX -t a-h m- l -a p-] mk CXn Xw tlmhmN APm-X-i{Xpx am am GX-kvan kwhm-ZbnjvTmx ]qW-a-{]-hrn {_tXn hm Al-ta-Xap-]mk CXn k tbm sslX- t a- h - a p- ] mkvt X ]qcytX {]Pbm ]ip`nx t\m Gh kzbw \mky {]Pm-]pcm ImemXv {]h-tX.
A\-cw KmKy ]d-p BIm-iae-n - nXn-sN-p A-cym-an-bmb ]pcp-js\ Rm {_cq-]-n D]m-kn-p-p. Atm APm-X-i{Xp ]d-p-Av AXn-s\-n Hpw ]d-b-. CXv {]hr-n-iq\yhpw {_-hp-am-Wv. B \ne-bn Rm\-Xns\ D]m-knp- p. BIm- i - a - - e - n nXn- s N- p B {_s Cu `mh-\-tbmsS D]m-kn-p hyn km-

9. k tlmhmN _memInx bx Gssh-j-a]vkp ]pcp-j - k vX - ta-h m-l -a p-] mk CXn Xw tlmhmN APm-X-i{Xpx am am GX-kvan kwhm-ZbnjvTmx \mav \ m AtXn hm Al- t a- X p- a p- ] mk CXn tbmssl-X - ta-h -a p-] mkvtX \mav\ Bm-`-h Xn CXn A[n-ssZ-hXw AYm [ymw
XpSv KmKy ]d-p. Rm Pe-n nXnsN-p A-cym-an-bmb ]pcp-js\ {_-sa \ne-bn D]m-kn-p-p. APm-Xi{Xp ]d-p. Av CXn-s\-n Hpw ]d-b-cp-Xv. CXv \ma-[m-cn-I-fmb Pohn-I-fpsS BmhmWv Fp a\-n-emn Rm D]m-kn-p-p. Cs\ D]m-kn-p--h \ma-[m-cn-I-fmb Pohn-I-fpsS Bm-hmbn- o-cp- p. C{Xbpw A[n-ssZ-hn-Iamb D]m-k -\sb kw_-n-X.v C\n B[ym-n-tIm-]m-k-\sb-n ]d-bmw. -

10. k tl mhmN _memInx b G ss hj BZti ]pcp-j -kvXtahm l ap]mk CXn Xw tlmhmN APm-X-i{Xpx am am GX-kvan kwhm-

110

I Z-bnjvTm {]Xn-cq] CXn hm Al-ta-X-ap-]mk CXn


k tbm s sl X- t a- h - a p- ] mk v t X {]X n- c qt]m sslhmky {]Pm-bm-am-Pm-btX \m{]-Xn-cq]x
XpSv KmKy ]d-p Z-W nXn-sNp Cu ]pcp-js\ Rm {_-sa \ne-bn D]mkn-p-p. Atm APm-Xi{Xp ]d-p Av CXns\-n Hpw ]d-tb-. Rm CXns\ {]Xn-cq-]`m-th\ D]m-kn-p-p. Z-Wn nXn-sN-pp ]pcp-js\ Cu `mh-\tbmsS D]m-kn-ph {]Xn-cq-]Kp-hm-\m-bno-cp Ahs km-\- Ahv Xpey-cm-Ip-p.

i{Xp ]d-p. Av Cu hnj-b-s-n Hpw ]d-b-cpXv. Cu Omb arXyp-cq-]n-bm-Wv. Rm AXns\ CtX `mh\-tbmsS D]m-kn-p-p. AXns\ Cu cq]-n D]m-knp-h AIm-eNc-an\v ]m{X-am-Ip-n-. Ahs - - km-\-pw AIm-eN-caw Dm-hn. -

14. k tlmhmN _memInx b Gsshj icocx ]pcp-j -kvX-t a-h ml ap]mk CXn Xw tlmhmN APm-X-i{Xpx am am GX-kvan kwhm-Z-bnjvT m {]Pm- ] - X n- c nXn hm Al- t a- X - a p- ] mk CXn k tbmssl-Xap-]mkvtX {]Pm-btX {]Pbm ]ip`nx A\-cw KmKy ]d-p ]pcp-j-i-co-c-n D ]pcp-js\ Rm {_-s ap IcpXn D]m-kn-p- p. Atm APm-Xi{Xp ]d-p Av Cu hnj-b-sn Hpw ]d-b-. CXv {]Pm-]-Xn-bmWv Rm CXns\ CtX cq]-n-emWv D]m-kn-p--X.v ico-c-n \nh-knp ]pcp-js\ {]Pm-]Xn F `mth\ D]m-kn-p-h km-\--fmepw arK--fmepw karn t\Sp-p.

11. ktlm-hmN _memInx b Gsshj {]Xn{ip-XvImbmw ]pcp-j-kvXta-hm-l-ap-]mk CXn Xw tlmhmN APm-X-i{Xpx am am GX-kvan kwhmZ-bnjvTm ZzoXn tbm\-]K CXn hm Al-ta-Xap-]mk CXn k tbm sslX-ta-\ap-]mkvtX hntX AZznXo-b-hm `hXn
]nsbpw KmKy ]d-p Rm {]Xn-[z\n \nlnX-\m-bn-cn-p ]pcp-js\ {_-sap IcpXn D]m-knp-p. CXp-tIv AXm-P-i{Xp ]dp Av CXn-s\n Hpw ]d-tb-. Rm AXns\ ZznXo-b-sbpw A\p]-Ksbpw IcpXn D]m-kn-p-p. [z\n-bn nXn-sNp ]pcp-js\ Cu `mh-\-tbmSp IqSn D]m-kn-p a\pjy AZzn-Xo-b-\mbn `hn-p-p.

12. k tlmhmN _memInx b Gsshj i_vZx ]pcp-j-a-t\zXn Xta-hm-l-ap-]mk CXn Xw tlmhmN APm-X-i{Xpx am am GX-kvan kw hmZ bnjvTmx Akp- c nXn hm Al- t a- X - a p- ] mk CXn- k tbm sslX-ap-]mkvtX t\m Gh kzbw \mky {]Pm]p-cm-Im-emXv kwtam-l-taXn
]ns KmKy ]d-p Ka-\-io-e-\mb hynbpsS ]pdsI [z\n-tbmSp IqSn ]mZ-[z\n tIp-p. AXnep {_-s-bmWv Rm D]m-kn-p--Xv. Atm APm-Xi{Xp ]d-p Av CXns\ kw_-nv Hpw ]d-b-cp-Xv. Rm AXns\ {]mW-cq-]-n-emWv D]m-knp--X.v Atm AXns\ A{]-Imcw D]m-kn-p a\pjy ]qm-bp-p--h-\m-bn-o-cp-p. Ahs km\-fpw ]qm-bp-n-se-msX arXn-b-S-bp-n-.

15. ktlm-hmN _memInx b Gsshj {]m Bm tb\ GXXv ]pcpjx kp]vXx kz]v\-bm-NcXn Xtahm lap-]mk CXn Xw tlmhmN APmX-i{Xpx am am GX-kvan kwhm-Z-bnjvTm btamcm-tPXn hm Al-ta-X-ap-]mk CXn k tbm sslXap- ] mkv t X khw {]Pm- b tX lmkv a m CZw t{ijvTymb baytX
]ns KmKy ]d-p {]-hm\pw {]mW-cq-]nbp-amb Bm-hn-t\mSv kwbp-\mb ]pcp-j kpjp]vXm-h-bn kz]v\am-n IqSn k-cn-p-p. Rm AXn-s\--s-bmWv {_-sap IcpXn D]m-knp--X.v CXp-tIv APm-X-i{Xp ]d-p Av AXns\ kw_-nv Hpw ]d-b-cp-Xv. Rm CXns\ ba-cq-]-nemWv D]m-kn-p--Xv. AXns\ C{]-Imcw D]m-kn-p a\p- jys\ t{ijvT-\mbn IcpXn am\n- m Fm temIhpw Ahs apn \a-kvI-cn-p-p.

13. ktlm-hmN _memInx b Gsshj Ombm ]pcpj k Xta-hm-lap-]mk CXn Xw tlmhmN APm-X-i{Xpx am am GX-kvan kwhm-Z-bnjvT m arXyp-c nXn hm Al-ta-X -a p-] mk CXn k tbm sslX- ta-h -a p-] mkvtX t\m Gh kzbw \mky {]Pm-]p-cm-Im- emXv {]ao-btX
XpSv KmKy ]dp Hcp hyn-tbm-sSmw ImWp Ahs Ombsb AXm-bXv Ombm-]p-cp-js\ Rm {_-cq-]n D]m-kn-p-p. Atm APm-X-

16. ktlm-hmN _memInx bx Gsshj ZntW- ]pcp-jkvX tahmlw D]mk CXn Xw tlmhmN APm-X-i{Xp am am GX-kvan kwhm-ZbnjvT m \mav\ Bm At-c mm tPymXnj Bt- X nhm Al- t a- X - a p- ] mk CXn k tbm sslX-tah ap]mkvtX GtXjmw kth-jm-amm `hXn
A\-cw KmKy ]d-p Rm Cu he-Xp-I-n nXn-sN-p ]pcp-js\ {_-sa \ne-bn D]m-knp-p. CXp-tIv APm-X-i{Xp ]d-p Av Cu hnjbs kw_-nv Hpw ]d-b-cp-X.v Rm CXns\ \maw An tPymXnv Fn-hsb Bm-shp Icp-Xn-bmWv D]m-kn-p--Xv. AXns\ B \ne-bn D]m-kn-p hyn Fm-n-sbpw B-cq-]ambn Xocp-p. -

111

17. k tl mhmN _memInx b G ss hj kthy ]pcp-j-kvtXta hml-ap-] mk CXn Xw tlmhmN APm-X -i {Xpx am am GX-k v a n kwhm- Z - b njv T mx kXy- k ymm hnZyp- X - B m tXPk BtXn hm Al-ta-X-ap-]mk CXn k tbm sslX-tah ap]mkvtX GtXjmw kthjm amm `hXn
KmKy hopw ]d-p Cu CSXp In nXnsN-p ]pcp-js\ {_-cq-]n Rm D]m-kn-pp. AXp-tIv APm-X-i{Xp ]d-p Av Cu hnj-bs-n kwkm-cn-t-. CXv kXy-n-sbpw tXP-nsbpw hnZyp-n-sbpw Bm-hm-Wv. AXns\ Rm AtX amXr-I-bn D]m-kn-p-p. Cs\ D]m-kn-p a\p-jy Fm-hcp-sSbpw Bm-hm-bn-o-cp-p. -

p. tl, cmPm-hmb tkma, tl _rl, tl ip{`-h-kv{X[mco Cs\ At\Iw {]mhiyw hnfn-npw B hyn DWn-. AXn-\p-tijw cmPmhv Ahs ta Nqc sImv \ ASn sImSp-p. ASn-sIm DS Xs B a\p-jy DWs-gp-t-p. Atm APm-X-i{Xp KmKyt\mSv ]d-p Cu ]pcp-j ssNX-\y-lo-\\mbn FhnsS-bmWv Dd-n-sm-n-cp-Xv? GXv tZi-mWv Dd-nsm-n-cp-Xv? Ctm DWv Fhn-sS-\npw hn-cnpp?

18. XX Dl _memInx Xpjv W o- a mk Xw tlmhm N APm-X-i{Xp GXm-]p _memIm Cu CtXy XmhXv [oXn tlmhmN _memInx Xw tlmhmN APm-X-i{Xpx arjm ssh Ine am kwhmZ-bnjvTm {_ tX {_hm-WoXn k tlmhmN tbm ssh_m- e mI GtXjmw ]pcp- j mWmw Im bky ssh kvXXv Ia k ssh thZn-Xhy CXn XX Dl _memInx kanXv ]mWnx {]Xn-N{Iw D]mbm-\oXn Xw tlmhmN APm-X-i{Xpx {]Xn-tema cq]-ta-hh XXv kymXv {Xntbm {_m-W-ap-]\-tbXv Gln thyh Xzm m]-bn-jym-aoXn Xw l ]mWm-hm-`n-]Zy {]h-{hmP Xu l kp]vXw ]pcpj- a m- P - - X pkv X w l APm- X - i - { Xp-c m- a - { bmw Nt{I-_r-l _m-c-hmkx tkma-cm-PnXn k D l XpjvWo-tah intiy XX Dssl\w bjvSymhnNn t] k XX Gh kap-u Xw tlm hmN APm-X-i{Xpx ssIzj GX-Zv_m-emtI ]pcptjmibnjvS Iz GXXv A`qXv IpX GX ZmKm CXn XX D l _memIn \ hnPt
AsX-p-Sv KmKy bmsXmpw ]d-n-. AXpIv APm-Xi{Xp ]d-p A-bpsS {_-m\w C{Xtb Dtm? KmKy ]d- p C{Xtb Dq. Atm APm-Xi{Xp ]d-p B \ne-bn Av {_tm-]-tZiw Xcm-sap ]d-Xv shdp- sX-bm-bn. Ap ]d Cu Fm hyn-I-fp-sSbpw Im-hn-s\-bmWv Adn-tb--X.v AXv tI-Xn-s\-p-Sv KmKy kan-X]mv Wn-bmbn Pnm-k-tbmsS APm-X-i{Xp-hns\ kao-]nv Cs\ ]d-p Asb Kpcp-hmbn kzoI-cn-m-\mWv Rm h-Xv. AXp-tIv cmPmhv ]d-p. {Xn-b {_m-Ws\ injy-\mbn kzoI-cn-p-Xv temIm-Nm-c-hncp--amWv AXn-\m Av Fs IqsS hcp-I. Rm Abvv {_-m\w ssIh-cp-n--cmw. AXn-s\p-Sv cmPmhv KmKys ssIbvp ]nSnv Ipsd \Sv Dd-p Hcp hyn-bpsS hon sNv Abmsf hnfn-

19. Xw tlmhmN APm-X-i{Xpx bss{Xj GXZv _memtI ]pcptjm Ai-bnjvS bss{X-XZ`q-ZyX - GX-Zm-Km-ZnXn lnXm \ma lrZ-bky \mtUym lrZbmXv ]pco-X-X-a-`n-{h-X-\zn XZv bYm kl-{k[m tItim hn]m-SnX kvXmh-ZWzx ]nwK-eky AWnav \ m- X n- j v T n ipky Irjv W ky ]oXky temln-X-tkyXn Xmkp XZm `hXn bZm kp]vXx kz]v\w \ IwN\ ]iyXn AY Akvan {]mW Gssh-IYm `hXn XssZ\w hmIv ksshx \ma`nx klm-t]yXn Npx ksshx cqss]x klm-t]yXn t{im{Xw ksshx i_vs sZx klm-thyXn a\x ksshx [ymss\x klm-thyXn k bZm {]Xn-_p[ytX bYm AtPz-eX khm Zntim hnkv^penwKm hn{]- X n-j vtT-c -s s-h -tah Xkva m-Z m- \ {]mWm bYm-b-X\w hn{]-Xn-jvTt {]mtW-t`ymtZhm tZtht`ym temImx XZyYm pc pc [mtc h lnXx kymXv hnizw-`tcm hm hnizw-`c-Ip-emb Gh tasshj {]m BtZw ico-c-am-m-\-a\p-{]-hnjvS Btem-a`yx B\-tJ`yx
KmKy B tNmZy-v Dcw ]d-bm i-\mbn-. Atlw Cu cl-ky-a-dn-bm Ai-\m-bn-cp-p. Atm APm-Xi{Xp hopw ]dp Ch Fhn-sSbmWv Dd-n-sm-n-cn-p--sXpw Fhn-sS-bmWv InSn-cp--sXpw FhnsS \npw DWp-shpw m\ta-sXpw Rm ]d-p-X-cmw. lrZ-b-Iaes kw_- n-p lnX Fp t]cp At\Iw \mUn-I Dv. Ah lrZ-b-n \npw ]pd-sv icocw apgp-h hym]nn-cn-p-p. Ah-bpsS henw Hcp Xe-apSn \mcns Aw Bbncambn Awin-m-ep--Xnepw kqva-am-W.v B \mUnI ]e-hn-[-n-ep kqvakm-c-m ]cn-]q-amWv. Ah-bn shfp-v, a, Nph-v, Idpv Fo Fm \nd-fpw Dv. Ddp Ah--bn hyn Cu \mUnI-fn ebn-n-cn-p-p. kpjp-]vXn-bpsS Ah-bnepw a\p-jy kz]v\w ImWm-Xn-cn-p-tm {]mW-\n ebnn-cn-pw. Atm hmv AXns kh-\m-a klnXhpw t\{X- kh-cq-] kln-Xhpw sNhn khi-_vZ- kln-Xhpw a\v kh-Nn--\o-b-hn-j-b- kln- Xhpw {]mW-\n Xs-bmWv nXn-sN-p--X.v a\pjy DW-cp-tm In-sb-cn-bp Xobn \npw Fmbn-Spw Xosm-cn-I ]c-p--Xp-t]mse {]mW-\m-Ip

112

I Bm-hn \npw kth-{n-b-fpw Ah-b-h-bpsS


m\--fn-tebvv Kan-p-p. Atm Ah-bpsS A[njvTm- Xm- hmb An apX- emb tZh-X-I {]mW--fn\np {]Xy--sv \mamZn kh hnj-b--sfbpw {]I-S-am-pp. pc-I Xs In Xs s]n-bn AS-p-sh-ncn-p--Xp-t]mse tZl-n nXn-sN-p lrZ-b-n s]cp-hn-c hen--n ]pcp-jm-Ir-Xn-bn Cuiz-c \nhkn-p-p. Ac-Wn-bn An \nKqVw hkn-p-Xpt]mse Cu ico-c-n Bm-hp \J-in-Jmw kh{X A{]-Xy--cq-]-n \ne-sIm-p-p.

b Ghw thZ b Ghw thZ CXn Nptm [ymbx

20. Xta- X -a m- m- \ - t a- X - a m- -t \m\z]iyn bYm N t{ijvTn\w kzmx XZyYm t{ijvTo-kz`pMv t bYm hm kzmx t{ijvTn\w `pRvPty-h-tasshj {]m-ssX-cm-`n `pMvt Ghw ssh Xam-m-\taX Bm-t\m-`p-RvP-nk bmh-hm C{ GX-am-m\w \ hnP-t-Xm-h-tZ-\a-kpcm A `n- _ - ` p h p x k bZ m h nP t Y l X zm kpcm hnPnXy kthjmw tZhm\mw ss{ijvTyw kzcm-Pn-am-[n-]Xyw ]cn-bmb XtYm Gsshw hnZzm k h m ] m] vat\ m A ] - l X y k th j mw `qXm\mw ss{ijvTyw kzcm-Py-am-[n-]Xyw ]tcyXn

hf-sc-tbsd KpW-ap Hcp [\-hms B{in-Xm Abmsf A\p-k -cn- p- -X p-t ]mse hmv apX-e mb kth-{n-b - -f m-I p {]mW tZl- n nXn sNp Bm-hns\ A\p-Kan-p-p. Hcp-[-\n-I Xs ]cn-P-\--tfm-sSmw kpJ- A\p-`-hn-p-Ibpw ]cn-P\- B [\n-Is [\s A\p-`-hn-p-Ibpw sNptm Ah [\n-I-s\--s-bm-W-\p-`-hn-p--Xv. AXpt]mse Bmhv hmv apX-em-b-h-tbm-sSmw Ah-bpsS {]h-\- A\p-`-hn-p-Ibpw AXp-t]mse hmp apX-em-bh Bm-hns\ A\p-`-hn-p-Ibpw sNp-p. tZhcm-Pm-hmb C{ Bm-hns\ Adn-bp-Xp hsc ssZXym-cn \np ]cm-Pb-n-\n-c-bm-bn-cp-p. Fm Bm-hns\ Adn-- tXmsS Atlw ssZXy-msc kwlcn- p- I bpw kz-c mPyw hos- S pv tZh- m- cn t{ijvTXzw t\Sp-Ibpw sNbvXp. AXp-t]mse Bm-hns\-n Adn-bp m\n Xs kh-]m-]fpw \innv kIe Pohn-I-fnepw t{ijvT-\mbn khm-[n-]-Xn-bmbn `hn-p- p. Cs\ Adn-bphv apv kqNn-n Fm ^e-fpw e`n-m-\n-S-bm-Ip-p. Iujo-X{Io-{_m-tWm-]-\n-jv Ah-km-\n-p. -

ssXn-cotbm]-\n-jv
Hmw imnx! imnx!! imnx!!!

Cu D]-\n-jv IrjvW-b-Pq thZo-bssX-o-cnb imJbpsS AK-X -amb ssXo-cn-bm-c-Wy-I-ns AwK-am-I p-p. ssXn-c o-b m-c-Wy-I-n\v ]-Zv[ ymfpv. Ah-bn Ggv, Fv, H]Xv Cu Aym-b-sf ssXn-co-bp-]-\n-jv Fp ]d-bp-p.

CXns Aw {]Y-am-\p-hm-I-n-BZyw sImSp-ncn- p- p.

inm- h n
{]Yam\phmIw Hmw iw t\m an{Xx iw hcpWx iw t\m `h-Xzcy amw iw \ Ct{m _rl-k]Xnx iw t\m hnjvWp-cpv c p- { Iax \ tam {_ - t W. \ akvtX hmtbm. Xzmtah{]Xyw {_lvam-kn. Xzmtah {]Xyw {_lva hZn-jym-an. EXw hZn-jym-an. kXyw hZn-jyman. Xm-h-Xp. XZz-m-c-a-h-Xp. Ah-Xpamw AhXp hm- cw. Hmw imnx! imnx!! imnx!!!

imn- ] mTw
Hmw iw t\m an{Xx iw hcpWx iw t\m `hXzcy amw iw \ Ct{m _rl-k v] Xnx iw t\m hnjv W p-c pcp{Iax \tam {_lva m- tW. \akv tX hmtbm. Xzta- h - { ]- X yw {_lv amkn. Xzmtah {]Xyw {_ hZn-jym-an. EXw hZn-jym-an. kXyw hZn-jym-an. Xm-h-Xp. XZz-m-c-a-h-Xp. AhXp amw. AhXp hm-cw.

113

Cu {]Y-am-\p-hm-I-n `n-`n in- I-fpsS A[njvTm-Xm-hmb ]c-{_lva ]c-ta-iz-cs\`n--fmb \ma-fnepw cq]--fnepw kvXpXn-p-s Imv At-l-tmSp {]mn-ppx B[n-ssZ-hn-Ihpw Bym- n-Ihpw Bymn-Ihpw B[n-`u-Xn-I-hp-amb in-bpsS cq]-nepw AtX- t]mse Ah-bpsS A[n-jvTm-Xm--fmb an{X, hcpW apX-emb tZh-X-IfpsS cq]-nepw bmsXmv AJne- n- t bpw Bmhv A- c ym- a n-b mb ]c- ta- i z- c \mbncnppthm Atlw Fm {]Im-c-nepw \app Iym-W-a-b\m-bn-cn--tW. \psS D-Xn-bpsS am-fn bmsXmcp hn[-n-ep hnLv\ fpw kw`-hn-phm A\p-h-Zn-m-Xn-cn--tW. Fm-n- tbpw A-cyman-bmb B {_s \a-kv-cn-p-p.

Cu a{- n thtZm-m-c -W -ns \nb-a- sf hn-p--Xn\p {]Xn sNbvXp-sImv Ah-bpsS ktX am{Xsb Ipdn-p-p. Am-ev GsX-nepw injy ]c-am-m-hns cl-ky-hn-Zy-bpsS Pnm-kp-hmbn-o-cp-I-bm-sW-n Ah Cu \nb-a-sf t\c-tXs ]q-ambpw {Kln-n-cn-p--h-\m-bn-cn--Ww. AXn\m Ahs\ {im-ep-hm-p--Xn\v AS-bmf {]I-S-\- Xs Bh-iy-am-bn-cp-p. a\p-jyv Hmtcm hmp-IfptSbpw Dm-c-W-n {i-tbm-Sp-IqSn kwkm-cn-p--Xn\p A`ymkw knn-Ww Fp--XmWv Cu kt-X-fpsS `mhw Fp {]Xo-X-am-Ip-p. Fm euIn-I-i_vZ--fn \nb-a-sf ]men-p-hm Ign-bp-n-s-n Ipd--]w thZ-a-{- -fpsS Dm-c-W-sa-nepw Ahiyw in-W-a-\p-k-cn-m-bn-cn--Ww. I, J apX-emb hyRvP-\C{]-Imcw ]c-am-m-hn-t\mSp imn-mbn {]mn-nv h--fnepw A, B apX-emb kzc-h-fpw kv]jvSkq{Xm-mhv {]mWs cq]-n ka-kvX-Po-hn-I-fnepw am-bn-s D- cn- -Ww. Zy-amb "k' bpsS m\-n hym]n-n-cn-p B ]c-ta-iz-cs\ hmbp-hns \ma-tmXme-hy-amb "i' AYhm "j' bpsS Dm-cWw \S-p-hm Sp-IqSn kvXpXn-p-p. tlk-i-n-am\pw AJn-e-n]mSn-. "h' bpsS m\v "_' Fpw D-cn- p- hm ]mSntbpw {]mW-kz-cq-]\pw hmbp-a-b-\p-amb ]ctaizcm, . C{]-Imcw Xs ap h--fpsS Dm-c-W-nepw Asb \a-k-cn-p-p. ApXs Fm-{]m-Wn-I-fpv {]tXy-Iamb {i ]Xn-n-n-cn--Ww. CXp-t]m-seXs tSbpw {]mW-kz-cq-]-amb {]Xy--{_ BIp-p. AXnkwkm-cn-p ka-bw, GXp-hs GXp m\v \m Rm Asb {]Xy--{_--ns \ma-n Fp `mhw {]I-Sn-n- p- - Xn\v D-kz-c-n D- cn-p-Xv hnfnpw; "EX' \ma-nepw Rm\-sb kwt_m-[\ DNn-X-am-bn-cn-ptam GXns\ a[y-kz-cnepw GXns\ sNpw. Fp-sIm-s-m Fm {]mWn-I-tfbpw kw_\nav\-kz-c-nepw D-cn-p-Xv DNn-X-am-bn-cn-ptam nv AXv awK-f-Im-cn-bmb \nb-a-am-Ip-p. As\-bp AsXmw ]q-ambn {inv btYmNn-X-amb kzc-n \nb-a-cq-]-amb EX-ns A[n-jvTm\w Ap X-bm-Wkwkm-cn--Ww. thZ-a-{--fpsS Dm-c-W-n DZm-tm. AXp-t]mse Rm Asb "kXy' a-t]-cnepw -fmb kzc-sf {]tXyIw {in- p-Ibpw FhnsS GXpkwt_m-[\ sNpw. Fp-sIm- s- m kXy (b-Ymkzcw thWtam AXn- s\--n-bp bYm- m\w Dm`m-j-Ww) ns A[n-jTm\ tZh-Xbpw Ap-X-s-bmv bn-cn-p-Ibpw sNt-Xpw Bhiyam-W.v Fp-sIm-sW-sm. k-hym- ]nbpw A-cym-an-bp-amb B ]c-ta-iz-c m a{- -fn kzc-hy-Xymkw Dm-Ip--Xn\npw F\np kZm-N-c-Whpw AXp-t]mse kXv `mj-Whpw kZv Ah-bpsS Aw amdn-h-cpw. AXp-t]mse Aip--kz-chnZy {Kln-p--Xn-\p inbpw {]Zm\w sNbvXv Cu sf D-cn-p--h\v A\n-jvS-Xsb kzoI-cn-t-- Xmbpw P\-\a-c-Wcq-]-am-Ip kwkm-cN{I-n \npw Fs- hcp-p. {lkzw, ZoLw, ]vfpXw C{]-Imcw am{X-I-fpsS c-n--s. IqSm-sX, Fs BNm-cy\v Ch-sbmw D]-tZhyXymkw a\-n-emn btYm-NnXw Dm-cWw \S--Ww. in-p-sIm-Spv Fm-bn-Spw B kXys {]N-cn-n-pFp-sIm-s- m {lkz-ns m\v ZoLhpw -Xn-\p in {]Zm\w sNbvXv At-ls cn-ZoL- ns m\p {lkz-hp-amn D-cn-p--Xps. "ChnsS Fs cn-s' "hm-hns\ cn-s' sImv A-n hep-Xmb Acw kw`-hn-p-p. Fo hmIy-sf Bhnp ]d-bp-Xv imn-]m-T"knX' bpw "koX' bpw t]mse-X-s. _e-ns Aw ns kam-]Xnsb kqNn-n-p-p. v {]b-Xv\w, h-sf D-cn-ptm AXns [z\nsb Hmw imnx, imnx, imnx C{]-Imcw aqp-hw ]d- hy-am-p--Xn Dm-Ip {]bm-ks {]bXv\w bp--Xn-\p ImcWw B[n-`u-XnIw, B[n-s sZ-hnIw Fp ]d-bp- p. {]bXv\w cp- hn-[-n- epv; B`y- - chpw Bym-nIw Fo aqp {]Im-c-nepw kw`-hn-m- _mly-hpw. B`y--c-n\v Apw _mly-n\v ]Xnhp Fm hnLv\--fp-tSbpw k-\miw kw`-hn-s s\mpw t`Z--fp-s v AwKo-I-cn--s -n-c n- p- p. FpXmWv. `K-hm imn-kz- cq-]-\m-Ip-p. AXn-\m kv]rjvSw, Cuj-v]r-jvSw, hnhr-Xw, CujXv hnhr-Xw, At-l-ns kvac-W-am-{X-bns Fm {]Im-c-n- kwhrXw Ch B`y--c--fmb {]b- Xv\- - fm-Ip- p. hnhmep-ap imn \nn-X-am-Ip-p. c, kwhm-c, izmk, \mZ, tLmj, AtLm-j, Aev]-{]m-W, alm-{]m-W, DZm-, A\p-Zm-, kzcn-X- _mly-{]-bZznXo-b m-\ p- h mIw Xv\-fpw BIp-p. DZm-l-c-W-n\p "I' apX "a' hscinmw hymJym-kym-ax, hx kzcx. am{Xm bp A-c--fpsS B`y--c-{]-bXv\w kv]rjvSw BIp_ew. kma kwXm-\x. CXypx inm-[ym-bx. p. Fp-sIm-s- m IWvTw BZn-bmb m\--fn

114

I {]mW-hm-bp-hns kv]i-\w-sImpw Ch-bpsS Dm-cWw


kw`- hn-p- p. "I' bpsS _mly-{]-bXv\w hnhm- cw, izmkw, AtLm-jw, Aev]-{]mWw Ch-bm-Wv. Cu hnj-b-ns hni-Z-m-\-n\v hymI-cWw t\m-Ww. h--fpsS ka-hr- n-tbm-Sp-Iq-Snb Dm-cWw AYhm kma-Km-\ ns coXn-Xs kmaw BIp-p. AXn-s\--n-bp Adnhpw XZ-\p-k-c-W-amb Dm-c-Whpw AXyw Bh-iyam-Ip-p. kwXm-\-ns Aw kwlnX Fm-Wv. kn, kzcw, hy-\w, hnkw, A\p-kzmcw apX-embh AXm-Xns ]c-hn-I-fmb h--fpsS kwtbmKw- sImv ]e-bn-S--fnepw \qX-\-cq]w {]m]n-p-p. Cu kwtbm-K-P-\n-X--fmb hnIr-Xn-`m-hsf "kn' Fp ]d-bp-p. GsX- nepw {]tXyI m\- n kn {]tbmKn- n-p-s-n AhnsS h-h n-Imcw Dm-Ip- n-. Fn AXns\ {]Ir-Xn-`m-hw Fp ]d-bp-p. Npcp-n h--fp- sS Dm- c- W- n ta- d Bdp \nba--tfbpw ]men--Ww.

fn kn Zin--Sp-pthm A-s\-Xs Cu temImZn-I- fnepw kwln-Xm-ZrjvSn shbv-W-sap Xmev]-cyw. AXv F{]-Im-c- amtWm A{]-Imcw Cmcyw a\-n-em--s-S- Ww. Hmtcm knpw \mep- `m- K- hoX-apv ]q- hw, ]c- hw, cn-sbpw IqSn- bp cq]w XYm cn-sbpw kwtbm-P-I\nb-aw. CXp-t]m-se-Xs bmsXmcp temIw BZn-b n kwln-X m-Zr-j vS n-sb- n ImWn- p-X - pthm AXn\pw \mep hn`m-K- DmIpw; ]q-cq-]w, D-ccq-]w, kn (c-pw-IqSn tNcp-tm-gp-m-Ip cq]w) kw[m\w (kw-tbm-P-Iw). Cu a{-n temI-hn-j-b-I-amb kwln-Xm-Zr-jvSnbpsS \ncq-]Ww \S--s-n-cn-p-p. ]rYzn AXm-bXv Cu temIw Xs ]q-cq-]-am-Ip-p. temI-hn-j-b-I-amb almkw-ln-X-bn ]q h-ns m\v ]rYznsb ImWWw Fp-X m-ev]-cyw. CXp-t]m-se-Xs khpw kwln-X-bpsS D-c-cq]w (]-c-hw) BIp-p. BImiw (A--co-w) Xs. Cu cn-sbpw knbpw hmbp Ch-bpsS km-\hpw (kw- tbm-P-Iw) BIp-p. Fs\ ]qhpw D-c-hp-amb h- kn-bn tNv Hmbn-o-cp-pthm A-s\-Xs {]mW-hm-bp-aqew ]q-h-m-\o-b-amb Cu `qX- e-nse {]mWn D-ch-m-\o-b-amb kz-tem-I-hp-ambn tN-s-Spp (kw-_-- s-Sp-p-p).

XrXo- b m- \ p-hmIw
kw_w C\n BNm-cy Xsbpw injy-sbpw A`ypZ-bs {]I-S-am-n-smv kwlnXm hnj-b-I-amb D]mk-\m-hn[n Bcw-`n-pp

kl \u bix. kl \u {_- h - k w. AYmXx kwln-Xmbm D]-\n-jZw hymJym-kym-ax. ]-kz- [n-I-c-tW-jp. A[n-tem-I -a-[n-tPym-X nja[nhn-Zy-a[n {]P-a-ym-w. Xm alm-kw-lnXm CXymN- -t X. AYm[n-t em-I w. ]rYnho ]q-c q- ] w. Zyucp--c-cq-]w. BImix knx. hmbpx km\w. CXy-[n-tem-Iw.

C u h - \ - b n C jv S - a p t em I - n s {]m]vXnsbn ]d-n-cn-p-p. Fp-sIm- s- m ^e{ip-Xn-bn Cu hnZy Adn-bp--Xp-sIm-p ^ew kztem-I-hp-ambn _-s-p-t]m-hpI Fp ]d-n-cn-p-p. Fm Cu hnZy-b psS ]c- c \jvS -s -p-t]m-bXp ImcWw BwKy-cq-]-n-ep h-\-I-fn\npw F{]Cu Aym-b-n BZy-ambn ka-Zin-bmb BNm- Imcw GXp-tem-Is {]m]n-p-hm Ignbpw Fp a\cy hgn X\np thnbpw injy-\p-th-nbpw bi-n- n-em-p-hm km[y-a Fv Hc-\p-am\w ChnsS Dm-Iptbpw tXP-n-tbpw hrn-p Dt-i-tm-Sp-IqSn p. temI--fpsS {]m]vXn-bn {]mW\p {]m[m-\y-apip`m- Imw {]I- Sn- n- p- p. \appw \psS {im- ephpw sp am{Xw a\-n-em-Ip-p. {]mW hgn-bm-bn-s hn\-bhm-\p-amb injy\pw m\-n\npw D]m-k-\- a\-tmSpw C{nbtfm-Spw-IqSn Pohm-m-hns {]tXy-Ibn \npw e`y-am-Ip bipw {_-tX- Px-{]m-]vXnbpw temIfn-te-p Ka\w \S-p-p. Cmcyw D]-\n-jDm-I-s. AXn-\p-tijw kwln-Xm-hn-j-b-Iambn D]-\n-j- p-I-fn ]e-bn-Spw ]d-n-cn-p-p. Fm ]rYzn ns\ hymJym-\n-p--Xn\p {]Xn sNbvXp-sImv BZy h-sapw ZyptemIw cm-as h-sapw AXns\ \ncq-]Ww sNp- p. h- -fn-ep- m-Ip AXp-t]mse BImiw kn (C-hbpsS kwbp--cq-]w) knsb "kwlnX' Fp ]d-bp-p. B kwln-X-Xs Fpw ChnsS ]d-b-s-n-cn-p-p. (Cu IY-\-ns icnhym]-I-cq]w [cnv temIw apX-em-b-hsb kzw hnj-b- bmb Bibw Fm-sWp a\-n-em-Ip-n-.) -fm-ptm AXns\ "alm-kw-lnX' Fp ]d-bp-p. AYm-[n-Pyu-Xn-jw. Anx ]q-cq-]w. BZnXy kwlnX AYhm kn Ap-{]-Im-c-n-epv kzcw, D-c-cq-] w. B]x knx sshZypXx km\w. hyRvP-\w, kzmZn, hnkw, A\p-kzm-cw. Ch-Xs knCXy-[n-Pyu-X n-jw. bpsS A[n-jvTm-\- am-Ip--X p-sImv ]-k-n-sb- -t]cn {]kn--am-bn-on-cn-p-p. Cu kn-Iv An Cu `qX-e-n kpe-`-am-Wv. AXn-\m AXns\ Av B{i-b--fp-s-Xv Hcp hkvXp-X- bm-Wv. CXp-t]m- kwln-X- bpsS ]q-h-sap Icp-Xp-p. kqcy se- Xs ]qtm--amb alm- kw- ln-Xbvpw AYhm alm- Zyptem-I-n {]Im-in-p-p. AXn-\m AXns\ D-cknpw Av B{i-b--fpv AXv temIw, tPymXn- cq] (]-c-h) sap ]d-bp-p. Ch cn \npw Dv, hnZy, {]Pm, Bmhv Ch-bm-Ip-p. Fs\ h-- hn-Xp-Im-cWw taLw Xs knbpw AXp-t]mse -

115

I sshZyp-X-i-n-Xs tlXphpw (k-m-\w) Bbn ]d-b-sSp-p. Cu a{-n tPymXnhn-j-bI kwln-Xsb hnnv tPymXn-p-I-fpsS kwtbm-K-n\npw \m\m-{]-Imc-n-ep `uXnI hkvXp--fpsS {]Im-i-\fpw AhbpsS hnm\ cl-kyhpw a\-n-em-p-p. B tPymXnp-I-fpsS kw_--n \npw D-hn-n-p t`mKy-]Zm-v Pe-ns \maw sImSp--s-Sp-Ibpw Ahsb-m-n-tbpw D-n- bn hnZyp-ns\ kwtbm-PI-sap ]d-b-s-Sp-Ibpw sNp-p. Fp-sImsm Cm-e-p sshm-\n-I sshZypXn kw_- - n \npw \m\m- hn-[- n- ep `uXn- I-hn-Im-k- {]I- S-am-nm-Wn-p-p. thZ--fn Cu `uXn-tIm--Xn-m-bp km[-\bpw \m-bp-]tZ-in--s-n-cn-pp Fv CXn \npw hy-am-Ipp; Fm ]c-c \in-p-t]m-b-XpIm-cWw AXns\ {Kln-n-p--h-cpw, {Kln-n-p-hm Ignhp--hcpw Zp-`-am-bn-on-cn-p-p.

Im-e-n imkv{X-hn-[n- b-\p-k-cnp btYm-NnXw \nb-a-]c- ambn amXm-]n-Xm- km- t\m-ev]m- Z-t\m- t-i- tm-Sp-IqSn \S-- s-Sp kl-hmkw Xs km\w (k-m-t\mn-bpsS Imc-Ww) BIp-p. bmsXm-cp- Cu clkyw a\- n- emn km- t\m- n-bpsS Dt- i- tm-Sp-IqSn EXpIm-e-n [-bp--ambn kv{Xok-l-hmkw \S-ppthm Ah \n-b-ambpw Xs Cm-\p-k-c-Wap t{ijvT km-\s {]m]n-p-p.

AYm-ym-w. A[cm l\px ]qh-cq-]w. D-cml-\ p-cp--c-cq-]w. hmIvk- nx. Pnlzm km-\w. CXy-[ ym-w.

Cu a{-n ico-chn-j-b-I-amb kwlnXm hoWs D]-tZ-in-n-cn-p-p. ico-cns {][m-\-amb AwKw apJ-am-Ip-p. AXn-\m apJ-ns Ah-b-hfnXs kwln-X-bpsS hn`m-K- ImWn--s-Sp-p. apIfnse XpS-sbp ]c-hhpw Xmgs XmSn-sbp kwln-X-bpsS ]q-hhpw BIp-p. Cu cn-sbpw AYm-[n-hn-Zyw. BNmcyx ]q-cq-]w. At- hm-kyp-- kwtbm-K-n\nv Ch-bpsS ay-`m-K-n A`n-hy-c-cq-]w. hnZymx knx. {]h-N\w km-\w. CXy[n hnZyw. am-Ip hmWn-Xs knbpw Pnlzm km-\hpw (hmWo- c p-] - a m-I kn-b psS {]I-S - a m-I p Imc- W w) Cu a{-n hnZysb kw_-np kwlnXm hoXsbmIp-p. Fp- sIm- s- m Pnlz-sb- q- SmsX a\pW-n-ep D]-tZiw sImSp--s-n-cn-p-p. CXp-h-gnjyp bmsXmcp hmpw D- cn-p-hm kmy- a-. hmWnbmbn hnZym-{]m-]Xn-p clkyw a\-n-em--s-Sp-p. v bn Akm- [m-c-W-amb in nXn-sN- p- p. hmWo-Zzmcm F{]-Imcw h-k-n-bn Hv ]q-hhpw asmv {]m\ \Sn a\p-jyp ico-c-ns t]mj-Whpw ]c-h-hp-am-bn-cn-p-pthm AXp-t]mse Xs ChnsS AXns\ t{ijvT-am-p- -Xn-\p Fm kma-{KnIfpw {]m]nhnZym-cq-]-kw-ln-X-bn Kpcp-hm-Is ]q hhpw `np-hm km[n-p-p. HmwIm-c-kz-cq-]amb ]c-ta-iz-cs hn-\b-tm-Sp-IqSn Kpcp-hns\ tkhn-p hnZym-`n-em-jn\ma-P-]-n\npw ]c-am-m-hn-t\bpw {]m]n-p-hm bmb injy ]c-h-hp-am-Ip-p. AXp-t]mse knkm[n-p-p. C{]-Imcw hmWn-bn imco-cn-Ihpw Bbn cp- h- - fpsS kwtbm-Kw- sImv Fns\ aqmhn-jb-I-hp-amb cp-X-c-n-ep DXn kwPm-X-am-pa-Xmbn Hcp ]pXnb h-ap-m-Ip-pthm AtX-{]-Imcw -Xn-\p Ignhp \nd-p-\np-p. Cu cl-kys Kpcp-hn-tbpw injy-tbpw kw_--n \np--hna\-n-emn bmsXmcp a\p-jy Xs hmWnsb bYmp hnZy m\w-Xs ChnsS kn- bm-Ip-p. Cu tbmKyw D]-tbm-Kn- p-pthm Ah hmIvin {]m]n-nv hnZym-cq-]-kn {]I-S-am-Ip--Xn-\p Imc-W-amWp {]h-NAXp-h-gn-bmbn A`o-jS- ^-es {]m]n-p--Xn kav \w. Kpcp-hns D]-tZ- ihpw injys {im-]q- ap {ih\mbn `hn-p-p. Whpw {Kl-Whpw Xs km\w BIp-p. bmsXm-cp Cu clkyw a\-n-emn hnZzm-\mb Kpcp-hns\ CXoam alm kwlnXm b Gh-taXm alm-kwtkhn-p-pthm Ah Xo-bmbpw hnZysb {]m]n-nv lnXm hymJymXm thZ. kw[o-btX {]Pbm ]ipm\n-bm-bn- o-cp-p. `nx. {_-h-tk-\m-m-tZy\ kphtW temtICu a{-n Ap-{]-Im-c-n ]d-n-cn-p alm- kw-ln- X-I-fpsS bYm-m-\-^ew ]d-b-s-n-cn-pCu a{- n kwln-Xm-cq-]-n {]Pm-h\w \Sp. Chsb Adn-bp--h\p Xs C--\p-Iq-e- amb kmn-bnv km-\-{]m-]vXn-p clkyw a\-n-em-p-p. \s {]m]n-p-hm Ignbp-Ibpw hnZy-h-gn-bmbn {_ Cu {]Pm-hn-j- b- kw- ln- X-bn amXm- hm- Is ]q-hhpw tXP----\mbn `hn-p-Ibpw sNp-p. Xs Cm-\p]nXmhv ]c-h-hp-am-Ip-p. cp h--fpsS knk-c-Wambn \m\m-{]-Im-c-n-ep arK--tfbpw Aw bn\npw Hcp ]pXnb hw Dm-Ip--Xp-t]mse amXmapX-emb t`mKy-]-Zmtfbpw km-Zn-p-hm Ign-bphn-sbpw ]nXm-hn-sbpw kwtbm-K-n \npw D-hnp. C{X-am-{X-a-, Ah\p kz-tem-I-{]m-]Xnbpw Dm-Ipv p km-\w-Xs Cu kwln-X-bn cn-sbpw p. Ch-aqew temI-hn-j-b-amb kwln-X-bpsS m\kn (kw-bp kzcq-]w) BIp-p. AXp-t]mse EXp-

AYm-[n-{]-Pw. amXm ]q-cq-]w, ]ntXm--c-cq-]w. {]Pm knx. {]P-\\w km-\w. CXy-[n-{]-Pw.

\.

116

I m kzmZn D-a-temIfpw tPymXnhn-j-b-I-amb

Xm-X vkw-_-`q-h. k tat{m-ta-[bm kv]rtWm-X p. Aar-X ky tZh [mctWm `qbm-k w. icocw ta hnNjWw. Pnlzm ta a[p-a-am. Im`ymw `qcn hn{ip-hw. {_Wx tImtimkn ta[bm ]nln-Xx. {ipXw ta tKm]m-b.

awK-e-a-b-amb hf-sc-b-[nIw hmp-Isf {ihn-p-sIm-nm\-m \m\mhn-[-n-ep `uXn-Ih-kvXp-fpw cn--tW. AXm-bXv Fs I--fn BNm-cy-\m {]Pm-hn-j-b-Ik-n-bpsS m\-m km-\-fpw hn--s cl-kys ]q-ambn {ihn-p--Xn-\p hnZym- hn-j-b-I-kw- ln-X-bpsS m\-m hnZybpw {_- in-bp-m--tW. F\nv A-bpsS awK-f-a-b-amb tX- Pv Bym-nI kwlnX Ch-bpsS hnm-\-m bip {ihn-p--Xn-\p Ah-kcw e`y-am-tW. tl HmwIm-cta! \o ]c-ta-iz-cs \n[n-bm-Ip-p. AXm-bXv B hmIvi-n-{]m-]vXnbpw DmIpw Fp a\-n-em--Ww. ]q-{_ ]c-ta-iz-c \nn \nd-n-cn-pp; Fp{ipXn-bn Fm kwln-X-I-fp-tSbpw m\-ns sIm-s-m \man-\m-a-s-s B{i-bn-n-cn-p-p. kmaq-ln-I-amb ^esf ]d-n-cn-p-p. {ipXn CuizCs\ Bbn-cp-npw \o a\pjycpsS euInI _pncs hmWn-bm-Ip-p. AXn-\m CXns clkyw a\-nbm s]mXn-b-spw Ccn-p-p. euIn-Iamb X-emn {i-tbmSpw hnizm-k-tm-Spw-IqSn D]-cyp--amb fm A\p- km\w sN-s-Sp-- h-cpsS _pn- bn \ns D]m-k-\-Isf A\p-jTn-m \n-t-lambpw Fm ^ev {]`mhw hy-am-bn-cn-p-n-. tl tZhm, \o tI-s -tfbpw {]m]n-p-hm km[yam-Ip-p. D]-tZ-is cn-q. AXm-bXv F\nv bmsXm-cp-]-tZiw {ihn-p--Xn-\p km[n-pthm AXns\ Rm kvacn-pNXpm-\ p-hmIw sImv AX-\p-k-cnv Fs PohnXw Bhn-jv-cn-p-bivO--km-ar-j-t`m-hn-iz-cq-]x. Otmt`ym[yarXn\p Ir]-sN-p. kw _ w C\n sFi z- c ys A`n- e - j n- p- hpthn lh\w \S-p--Xn-\p a{s Bcw-`npp

Cu \mem-a-\p-hm-I-n ta{ipXw tKm]mb Cu hmIyw hsc ]c-{_ ]c-am-m-hns {]m]n-m-h-iy-amb _pn-_-ehpw imco-cn-I-_-ehpw {]m]n-p--Xn-\p Dtiy-tm-Sp-IqSn ]c-ta-iz-c-t\mSv At-l-ns \ma-amb HmwIm-c- ]mcm {]mn-p--Xn-\p {]I-c-W- \ntin--s-n-cn-p-p. Hmw F-Xv, thtZm---fmbn ]c-taiz-c-\p \ma--fn-semw t{ijvThpw k-cq-]-hp-am-Ipp. Fp-sImsm Hmtcm a{- n-tbpw BZn- bn HmwImcw D-cn--s-Sp-Ibpw HmwIm-c-ns Dm-cWw kq thZ--fpsS Dm-c-W-^ew {]m]vXam-p-Ibpw sNp- p. AXp-t]mse Ahn-\m-in-bmb thZ--tfmSpw Cu HmwImcw {][m-\-cq-]n {]I-S-am-bn-cn-p-Ibpw sNpp. HmwImcw \mahpw ]c- ta- iz-c \manbpw BIp-p. AXn\m cpw ]c-kv]cw A`n--am-Wv. {]W-h-cq-]amb B ]c-a m- mhv AJn-e - n-tbpw ]c-ta-i z-c BbXp ImcWw ""C{'' F t]cn {]kn--\m-bn-cn-p-p. B C{ Fs ta[min-bm k--am--s. "[o[m-cWm-hXo ta[m' F tImi-hm-Iy-a-\p-k-cnv [mcWm inbm k--amb _pn-bpsS \maw "ta[m' Fm-W.v ]cam-mhv Fs ]Tn-Xpw {Kln--Xp-amb `mh-sf hlnp--Xn-\p in-bm k--\m-tW Fp Xmcyw. tl tZh, Rm A-bpsS Assl-XpIo Ir]-bm B Aar-X- amb kzcq-]s kzw lrZ-b-n hln-p-h-\m-bn-o-c-s. A-bpsS D]m-k-\-bn bmsXm-cp-hn[-amb hnLv\fpw kw`-hn-m-Xn-cn-p--Xn\v Fs icocw tcmK-c-ln-X- am-n-o-tW. Fs Pnlz ApX-I-c-amb a[p-c-hm-Wn-bm A-bpsS a[p-c-\m-a--tfbpw KpW--tfbpw Ionv Ah-bpsS a[p-c-ckw Bkz-Znp- -Xmbn `hn--tW. Rm Fs cp I- hgn

Bh-lo hnX-\zm\m Ihm-Wm-No-c-am--\x. hmkmwkn aa Kmh-. A-]mt\ N. k-Zm. XtXm. ta {inbam-h-l. temaimw ]ip`nx kl kzmlm.
\mem-a-\p-hm-I-nse D]-cyp--amb Cu Awi-n sFizcys Imwn-p kIm-c-a-cmb a\p-jypthn ]c-ta-iz-c-t\mSp {]mn-p-sImv AKv\n-bnev BlqXn \Ip coXn- sb-n ]d-bp- p. "Atbm AKv\nbpsS A[n-jvTm-Xm-hmb ]c-ta-izc, Fs kz- am-bn-p Bh-iy-n\p thn-h-m hnew_w IqSmsX \m\m-{]Im-c-n-ep-ff hkv{Xfpw tKmfpw `n-p--Xn-\p Fm hkvXp-fpw Ftmgpw Zm\w sNp- I, Ahsb A`nhr-n-s-Sp-p-I, AXp-t]mse Ahsb \hq-\-am-n--cnI. \q F\n-p-thn BSv apX-embn tcma--tfm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bhbpw ap Xc-n-ep-ap-f-Af arK-k-ln-X-amb sFiz-cytbpw {]Zm-\w-sN-q. AXm-bXv Fm t`mK-km-a-{K-ln-Ifp-tSbpw km[-\m-cq-]-amb [\s \o F\n-mbn Zm\w sNpI F- XmWv {]m- \- bpsS Bi- bw. Cu a{s D-c n- nv "kzmlm' F hmtm-Sp-IqSn AKv\n-b n BlpXn sN-Ww. CXv sFiz-cy-{]-]vXn-p km[-\-bmIp-p. kw_- w- -B-Nm-cy {_-Nm-cn-bpsS lnXmw F{]Imcw lh\w \S-Ww? CXns hn[n-I ]d-bp-p.

B ambp {_-Nm-cnWx kzmlm. hnam-bp {_-Nm-cnWx kzmlmx {]am-bp {_lva-Nm-cnWx kzmlm. Za-bp {_lva-Nm-cnWx kzmlm. iam-bp {_lvam-Nm-cnWx kzmlm.

117

\mem-a-\p-hm-I-ns Cu Awi-n injy-ln-X-n\mbn BNm-cy GsXmw a{-Zzmcm lh\w sNWtam Ahsb hn-n-cn-p-p. BNm-cy "D-a-{_lva-Nm- cn-I Fs-b-Sp- hnZy-b-`y-kn-p--Xn\p hcs' Fp Dt-iy-tm-Sp-IqSn a{w sNmn "kzmlm' F Dm-c-W-tm-sS BZym-lpXn \Is; "Fs {_-Nmcn Im]-Sy-iq-\y-\m-bn-cn-s' F Dt-i-tmsS a{w sNmn "kzmlm' F Dm-c-W-tm-Sp-IqSn cm-as BlpXn kan--s. ""{_lva-Nm-cn-I C{n-bsf Aa-h-cp- n-b-h-cm-bn-o-cs' Cu Dt-i-tm-Sp-IqSn \mem-as BlpXn kan--s. AXp-t]mse ""{_lvaNm-cn-I a\-kkns\ kzm[o-\-n-em-n-b-h-cm-bn-cn-s'' v Cu Dt-i-tm-Sp-IqSn at{m-m-c-W-]qIw"kzmlm' i_vZ-tmsS Am-as BlpXn kan-s. kw_- w- -B-Nm-cy Xs euIn-Ihpw ]mc-eu-In-I-hpamb lnX-p-thn F{]-Imcw lh\w \S-Ww? AXns hn[nIsfn ]d-bp-p.

"F{]-Imcw kakvX Pe {]hm-l-fpw Xmgv `mK-tbvsm-gpIn kap-{Z-n tNcppthm F{]-Imcw amk-Zn\- -fpsS Ayw kwh-- c-cq-]-am- Ip Ime-n sNp tNcp-pthm tl hn[m-Xm. A{]-Imcw Fs ASp- Fm `mK-p-\npw {_-Nm-cn-I hcp-Ibpw Rm Ahp hnZy-bp-]tZ-in-nv awK-f-Im-cn-I-fmb D]-tZ-ifpw \In Fs I-hy- tbpw AXp- t]mse AbpsS B-tbbpw ]men-p-sImv Pohn-s' Cu Dti-tm-Sp- IqSn a{-ap- - cnv "kzmlm' i_vZ- tm- Sp-ISn Bdmas BlpXn An-bn An--Ww. "tl ]c-am-! Av AJn-e-n-tbpw hn{i-am-\-am-Ip-p. Ctm F\n-p-thn A-bpsS Znhy-kz-cq-]s {]Im-in-n-pX-cn- Ibpw Fs kzoI-cn-bpw sNbvXm-epw. Cu Dt-itmsS a{-ap-cnv "kzmlm i_vZ-tm-Sp-IqSn Ggmw BlpXn An-bn CS-Ww. C{]-Imcw Cu temI-n-sbpw ]c-tem-I-n-sbpw D-Xn-p ]c-am-m-hn-t\m-Sp {]m-\bpw AtXm-SpIq-Sn-bp lh-\-hp-am-sWp ]d-b-s-n-cn-p-p.

`q`phx kph-cnXn hm GXm-kvXnkvtdm hymlrX-bx. Xmkmap l kvssaXmw NXpYow amlm-N\mem-a-ym-b- ns Cu Awi-n BNm-cy Xs akyx {]th-Z-b-tX. al CXn. XZv{_-. k Bm. lnX-n-\p-thn sN-s-tS lh-\s hn- n- cn-p- AMvKm\y\ym tZh-Xmx. `qcnXn hm Abw temIx. p. "Bfp- I-fn Rm bi- kzn-bm-I-s. temI-n Fs `ph CXy- -c n- w. kph- c n-X yku temIx. al bi-ns kuc`yw k{X hym]n- -s. Fs bi-n\p CXym-Zn-Xyx. BZn-tXy\ hmh kth temIm aloIf--ta- BN-c-W--sfmpw Fn\npw b-t .
Dm- Im-Xn- cn-s' Cu Dt- iy-tmsS "btim Pt\ km\n' F a{s D-cn-p-sImv "kzmlm' ]Z-tm-Sp-IqSn BZym-lpXn An- -Ww. "alm-[-\n-I- \-msc At]-np Rm AXy-[nIw k--\mbn `hn-s' Cu Dt-is ap \n n a{ s D- c n- p- s Im v "kzmlm' i_vZtmsS cm-as BlpXn An-bn An-Ww. "tl `K-h, Rm A-bpsS Znhy kzcq-]-n {]th- i n- s' Cu Dt- i - t msS a{ w D- c nv "kzmlm'i_vZ-tmsS aqm- a- s BlpXn An- bn- en- Ww. "tl `K-h A-bpsS Znhy- kz-cq]w Fn {]hnjvS-am-bn-o-cs' , Fs a\-n nXn-sN-s'Cu Dt- i-tm- Sp-Iq-Snb at{m-m-cW klnXw "kzmlm' i_vZtmsS \mem-as BlpXn An-bn kan--Ww. "tl `K-h, Bbn-c--W-n\p imJ-I-tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb AbpsS B Znhy-cq-]-n [ym\-\n-a--\mbn Rm kzmbam-bn-s hnip--\m-bn-o-cs' Cu Dt-i-tm-Sp-IqSn at{m-m-c-W-]qw "kzmlm' i_vZ-tm-Sp-IqSn Amas BlpXn An-bn Hgn--Ww. Cu Am-as A\p-hm- I-n `qx, `phx, kzx, alx Cu \mep hymlr-Xn- I- fpsS (a-{- -fp- sS) D]m-k-\m- c- lkyw ]d-nv AXns ^es hn-p-p. BZy-ambn `qx, `phx, kzmx Cu aqp hymlr-Xn-I {]kn---sf Imcyw ]d-n-cn-p-p. Fm Ch-sb-q-SmsX \memas hymlr-Xn-bmb "alx' F-Xns D]m- k\m clkyw hfsc apt] Xs alm-N-a-ks ]p{X {Kln-n-cp-p. Cu \mep hymlr-Xn-I-sfbpw \mep {]Im-c--fn {]tbmKnv D]m-kn-p--Xn-\p hn[n-I app-]-d-np B Imew apX {]N-cn-p-sIm-n-cn-p-p. CXn-\p-tijw Cu \mep hymlr-Xn-I-fn F{]-Im-c-n-ep `mh-\ItfmSp-IqSnb D]m-k\ \S-Ww Fp CXv a\-n-em-p-p. Cu \mep hymlr-Xn-I-fn F{]-Im-c-n-ep `mh-\-I-tfm-Sp-IqSnb D]m-k\ \S-Ww Fp CXv a\-n-em-p-p. Cu \mep hymlr-Xn-I-fn \mem- a-t-Xmb "alx' Ghpw {][m\-s--Xm-Ip-p. AXn-\m D]mky tZh-X-I-fn "alx' hymlr-Xnsb {_-ns kzcq-]-sap a\-n-em--Ww \mem-as hymlr-Xn-bmb "alx' {_-ns \ma-amb-Xp-sImv {_w-X-s-bm-Ip-p. Fp-s Im-s- m {_w Fm-n-sbpw Bm-hm-Ip-p, k-kz-cq-]-amIp-p. ap Fm tZh-X-I AXns AwK--fp-am-Ipp. AXn-\m GsX- nepw Hcp tZhX Cu hymlr-XnIfm

bti m Pt\k m\ n k zml m. t{i bm hkytkmkm\n kzmlm. Xw Xzm `K {]hn-im\n kzmlm. k am `K {]hni kzmlm. Xkvan klkvdimtJ \n `Kmlw Xzbn artP kzmlm. -

]-am- \ p- h mIw

bYm]x {]hXm bn bYm amkm AlPcw. Ghw amw {_-]m-cn-tW-[m-Xcm-b-p-k-Xxkzm-lm. {]Xn-thtimkn{] am `mhn {] am ]Zy-kz.

118

I D]m-kn- -s -Sp-p-s h-n AXv k-kz-cq-]-\mb


]ctaizcs Xs D]m-k\ F Imcyw ad-p-t]m-IcpXv. Fm tZh-X- Ifpw At-l-ns Xs AwKfm-bXp-sImv ap tZh-X-I-fpsS D]m-k-\bpw At-lns Xs-bm-Ip-p. AXn-\p-tijw Cu hymlr-Xn-Ifn temI-sf-n Nnn-p--Xn-\p hn[nbpw C{]-Imcw ]d-ncn-p-p. "`qx' CXv ]rYzn-sb-p-dn-p-p. "`qhx' A-co-t-bpw, "kzx' kp{]-kn--amb kz-tem-I-t-bpw, "alx' CXv kqcy-t\bpw Ipdn-p-p. Fp-sImsm kqcy-\n\npw Fm temI-fpw alnam\znX-am-bn-smn-cn-p-p. `qx, `phx, kzx Cu aqp hymlr-Xn-Ifpw B ]c-ta-iz-cs hncmSv ico-ccq-]-am-Ip Cu qe {_m- WvUs Ipdn- p- p AXm- bXv ]c- ta- iz- cs AwKns \mahpw AXp-t]mse "alx' F \mem-as hymlrXn Cu hncmSv ico-cs {]Im-in-n-p AXns B-kz-cq-]-am-Ipp ]c-ta-iz-cs\ Ipdn-p--Xp-am-Ip-p. "alx' CXp kqcys \maw BIp-p. kqcys Bmhpw ]c-ta-iz-c Xs-bm-Ip-p. AXn-\m kqcy-cq-]-n \nv Fm temI--tfbpw At-lw-Xs {]Im-in-n-psIm-n-cn-p-p. AXp-sImv ChnsS kqcys D]-e-W-n\npw Cu hncmSv ico-cs {]Im-in-n-p-sImn-cn-p CXns B-cq-]amb ]a-tc-iz-c-s\-s D]m-k- \-bpsS ey-am-n-bn-cn-p-p.

-Xn-\m Xs ka-kvtX-{n-b-fpw kz-amb hnj-bsf {]Im-in-n-p-hm Ihn-hp--Xm-bn-o-cp-p. a\-ns\-q-SmsX Hpw kmy-a-. AXn-\m Fm tPymXn-pI-fnepw {][m\w N{-s\pw a\-n-s\-s "alx' hymlrXn cq]w Fpw Adn-bWw. Fp-sIm-s-m N{-\n\npw AXm-bXp a\-n \np-Xs Fm tPymXncq-t]-{n-b-fpw aln-a m-\zn-X-am-bn-sm-n-cn-pp. C{]-Imcw a\-ns cq]-n ]c-ta-iz-cs\ D]m-knp--Xn-\p hn[n hy-am--s-n-cn-p-p. CXp-t]mse Xs thZ--fpsS hnj-b-nepw hymlr-Xn-I-fpsS {]tbmKw-aq-e-ap ]c-ta-iz-tcm-]m- k-\-bpsS {]Im-c- \nt-in-s-n-cn-p-p. CXm-W-Xns `mhw. "`qx' CXv EtKz-Z-am-Ip-p. "`phx' kma-th-Zhpw "kzx' bPpth-Zhpw "alx' {_hpw BIp-p. Fp-sIm-sm {_-n\npw Fm thZ-fpw aln-am-bp-am-bn-cn-p-p. Fm thZ--fnepw hn-n-p kakvX m\-fpw ]c-{_--]-c-ta-iz- c-\n\n-p-Xs {]I-Shpw At-l-n\n-p-Xs hym]vX-hp-am-Ip-p. AXp-t]mse B ]c-ta-iz- cs XXz--fpsS h\w Cu thZ--fn ImWp-Ibpw sNpp; AXn- \m CXv At- l-ns alnX-s-bm-Ip-p. C{]-Imcw thZ--fnse Cu hymlr-Xn-IfpsS {]tbm-Kw-sImv D]m-k\ sN-Ww.

`qcnXn hm Anx. `ph CXn hmbpx. kph-cnXym ZnXyx. al CXn N{-amx. N{-akm hmh khmWn tPymXowjn alo-b-t. `qcnXn hm ENx. `ph CXn kmam-\ n. kph- c nXn bPpw- j n. al CXn-{ _- . {_Wm hmh kth thZm alo-b-t.
CXp-t]mse Xs hopw tPymXn- p-I-fn Cu hymlrXn-IZzmcm ]c-ta-iz-cs D]m-k-\m-{]-Im-c- \nt- in- s-Sp-p. "`px' F hymlrXn An-bpsS \ma-am-b-Xn-\m An Xs-bm- Ipp Fp `mhw. An-tZ-hX hmWn- bpsS A[n-jvTm-\- tZ- h-Xbpw hmWn Hmtcm hnj- b--tfbpw hyamn {]Im-in-n-p--Xp-Im-cWw tPymXnpw BIp-p. AXn-\m AXpw tPymXn-p-IfpsS D]m-k-\-bn "`qx' Fp tXmp-am-dm-Ip-p. "`phx' CXv hmbp-hm-Ip-p. hmbptZ-hX XzKn-{n-b-ns A[n-j vTm-Xmhpw XzKn-{nbw kv]i-\s {]Im-in-n-p--Xp-amb tPymXn-p-am-Ip-p. AXn-\m tPymXn-hn-j-b-I-amb D]m-k-\-Ifn hmbp-hnt\bpw Xzn-t\bpw "`phx' cq]-n a\-n-em--Ww. "kzx' CXv kqcy-\m-Ip-p. kqcy t\t{X- {n- b--fpsS A[njvTm-Xm-hm-Ip-p. t\t{X-{n-bhpw kqcys klm-b-tmSp-IqSn cq]s {]Im-in-n-p tPymXn-m-Ip-p. AXn\m tPymXnhn-j-b-I-amb D]m-k-\-I-fn kqcy-t\bpw t\t{X-{n-bbpw "kzx' F hymlrXn cq]-n a\n-em--Ww. "alx' F \mem-as hymlrXn N{-\msWp tXmp-p. N{ a\-ns A[n-jTm-\-tZ-h-X-bmv Ip-p. a\-ns klm-bm a\-tm-sSm-p-h-kn-p-

`qcnXn ssh {]mWx. `ph CXy-]m-\x. kph-cnXn hym\x. al CXy-w. At\ hmh kt {]mWm alo-b-t. Xm hm GXm--X-kvd--Xp[m. NX-kvd-X kvtdm hymlr-X-bx. Xm tbm thZ. k thZ {_. kthkvssa tZhm _en-am-h-l-n.
A X n- \ p - t i j w { ] mW s hn j - b - n C u hymlrXnIfpsS {]tbm-Kw-sIm-p {]Im-c-sf {Klnn-p-p. "`qx' {]mW\pw "`phx' A]m-\\pw "kzx' hym\\pw BIp-p. Cs\ PKZv hym]n-bmb kakvX {]mWXs-bmWv Cu aqp hymlr-Xn-I-fpw. Aw "alx' cq]-amIp \memas hymlr-Xn-bm-W.v Fp-sIm- s-m F{]-Imcw hymlr-Xn-Ifn "alx' {][m-\-am-bn-cn--pthm AtX-{]-Imcw Xs Fm {]mWtbpw t]mjWw \Sn Ah-bpsS aln-asb \ne-\np-Ibpw hfp-Ibpw sNp--Xp-Im-cWw Ahsb At]-nv Aw {][m-\-s-Xm-Ip-p. AXn-\m {]mWs A-cym-an-bmb ]ctaizcs D]m-k\ A-ns cq]-n \S--s-S-Ww. C{]-Imcw \mep hymlr-XnItfbpw \mep {]Im-c-n {]bp- - amn D]m-kn- p-- Xn-\p coXnsb ]d-nv AXv {Klnv D]m- kn-p--Xp-sIm- p- m-Ip ^esf-p-dnp ]d-bp-p. \mep {]Im-c-W-fn-embn {]bp--amb Cu \mep hymlr-Xn-I-fp-sSbpw D]m-k- \-I-fpsS clkyw bmsXmcp- Adn-bp-pthm AXm-bXv a\-n-em-n-bnv AXn-\\p-k-c-W-ambn ]c-{_ ]c-am-m-hns\ D]m-kn-p-pthm Ah {_s Adn-b p-Ibpw ka-kvX -tZ-h -X -I fpw

119

I Ah\p ImgvN kan-p-Ibpw

p. Ay-Im-ev B alm-]p-cp-j B am-nIqSn ico-cns shfn-bn ISv "`px' Fp ]d-bs-Sp An-bn nXn-sN-p-p. {_- m\n {_-tem-I-ntep t]mIp-tm Ah BZy-ambn tPymXna-bnbpw jjvTm-\ p- h mIw A`n-am-\n-bp-amb An-tZ-hX- bpsS A[n-Im-c-n hpk b Gtjmlr-Zb BIm-ix. Xkvan-bw tN-cp-p. A\-cw hmbp-hn nXn-sN-p-p. AXm-bXv ]pcptjm at\m-a-bx. AartXm lnc--bx. `qan-ap-X kqcy-tem-Iw-h-sc-bp Fm BIm-i--fnepw Cu A\p-hm-I-n \mep-kw-K-Xn-I ]d-n-cn-p- bmsXm- cp-s A[n- Imcw \ne-\np- pthm bmsXmv v p. Ah-bpsS kw_w ]qm-\p-hm-I-n ]d-n- Fpw k-cn-p hmbp-hns A[n-jTm-\-tZ-h-X-bm-bnp D]-tZifn\npw hyXy-kvX-hp-am-Ip-p. B D]- cn-p-pthm bmsXmv "`phx' F t]cn Am-a-ymb-n hn--s-n-cn-p-pthm AXns Xs A[ntZifpsS ]qo-I-c-W-n- \mbn CXv Bcw-`n-p-p. Im-c-n Ah sNp-tN-cp-p. B tZhX Ahs\ "kzx' ]qm- \p-hm-I-n a\- ns A[n-jvTm\ tZh-X-bmb F t]cn hn--s-Sp kqcy-tem-I-n FnN{s\ C{n-b--fpsS A[n-jvTm\ tZh-X-I-fpsS {]Im-i- p-Ibpw ]noSv AhnsS \npw "alx' F t]cn hnfnI Fp hnti-jn- n-n-cn-p-p. Ah-bpsS {_-cq-]-n- -s-Sp "{_' n nXn sNn-p-Ibpw sNpep D]m-k\ sNp--Xn-\p bpnbpw a\-n-em-- p. sp Ign-n-cn-p-p. B at\m-ab ]c-{_w AJn-eB]vt\mXn kzmcm-Pyw. B]vt\mXn a\-k-kv]n-tbpw A-cym-an-bmb ]pcp-j Fhn-sS-bm-Ipp; Xnw. hmIv]-Xn-p-jv]-Xnx. t{im{X-]-Xnhn-mAt-l-ns D]-e_v[n FhnsS \np-ap-m-Ipp \-]-Xnx. GX-tXm `h-Xn. Cmcyw Cu A[ymb-ns BZymw-i--fn D]-tZ-inn-cn-p-p. Aym-b-nse Cu Awi-ns Bibw {_-tem-I-n {]Xn-jvTn-X-\mb B alm-]p-cp-j ap]- d - -X p-t]mse bmsXmv Cu lrZ-b - ns GX-h- -bn-em-Ipp F Imcyw Cu A\p-hm-Ins A`m-Kv AwKp-jT- am-{X-amb ]cn-Wm-a-tm-Sp-Iq-Snb aqm-aw-i-n ]dpI-gn-p. A\p-hm-I-nse Cu v BImiw Dm- bn-cn-p-pthm AXns Cu hnip Awi-ns Bibw Ah kzcm-m-bn-o-cpp Fm{]Im-i-kz-cq-]\pw Ahn-\m-inbpw at\m-a-b\pw A-cym-an- Wv. AXm-bXv apIfn {]Ir-Xn-bpsS A[n-Imcw \nebp-amb ]c-ta-iz-c hncm-Pn-p-p. CXp-Xs At-l- \np-n-. Fnepw AXp kzbw Xs {]Ir-Xn-bpsS ns kmm- Xvm-c- am- Ip-Xv AXns\ {]m]n-p- -Xn\p A[n-jvTm-Xm-h m-bn-o-cp-p, Fp-s Im-s-m a\ap e--fn-tepw t]mtI--Xmbn hcp-n-. ns ka-kvXm-x-I-c-W-k-ap-Zm-b--fpsS kzman-bmb A-tcW Xmep-tI. b Gj kvX\ Chm-h-ew- ]c-am-m-hns\ {]m]n-p-p. AXn-\m hmWn, Np-v, _- t X. tk {- t bm- \ nx. b{Xmku tIimtm t{im{Xw, BZn-bmb ka-kvtX-{n-b-fpw Ah-bpsS tZhhnh- t X. hyt]mly ioj- I - ] m- t e. `qcn- X-Ifpw AXp-t]mse hnm-\- kz-cq-]-amb _pn-bp-sSbpw Xyu {]Xn-Xn-jvT -X n. `ph CXn hmbu. kph-c n- kzman-bm-bn-o-cp-p. AXm-bXv Ch-sbmw Ah--[o-\am-bn-o-cp-p. BZyw ]d-n-cn-p B km[-\-bn Xym-Zn-tXy. al CXn {_-Wn. \npw D]-cyp--amb ^ew e`n-p-p. B ]c-{_-]-c-ta-iz-cs\ Xs lrZ-b-n {]Xy-BIm-i-icocw {_. kXym {]mWm-cmaw a\ am-bn--p-sIm-n-cn-p alm-]p-cp-j Cu ico-cs B\- w. imn kar--a-ar-Xw. CXn {]mNo-\-tbmXyPn-p-t]m-Ip-tm F{]-Imcw GXp amw shfn-bn-en-dn, GXp {Ia-tm-Sp-IqSn `qx, `phx, kzx cq]--fmb ka- tKym-]m- z. kvX-tem- I--fn ]cn-]q-ambn AJn- e-n-tbpw BAh {]m]n-p {_w F-s\-bp--Xm-Ipp? kz-cq-]-am-Ip ]c-ta-iz-c\n hnebw {]m]n-pp Cu AXns\ F{]-I mcw Nnn- p-I bpw [ym\n- p-I bpw Imcyw Cu A\p-hm-I-ns cm-as Awi-n sNWw? B {_w BIm-iw-t]mse \ncm-Im-chpw kshfn-s-Sp-n-bn-cn- p- p. a\p- jy- cpsS hmbn Xmep-hns hym-]nbpw AXyw kqva-i-co-c-tm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-Xp-am- IpCS-bn-embn apesRns BIm-c- n Xqn-n-S-p p. GI-am-{X-k-m-cq-]-hp-am-Wv. Fm C{n-bpw amwk-]nWvUw (A- Xns\ kwkm-c-`m-j-bn Ipdp- \m-sp hn{iaw \Ip-Xpw a\-n\v ]c-am-\-Zm-b-I-hp-am-Wv. ]d-bp-p). AXn\p apIfn tIifpsS aqe-m-\-amb AJ-WvU-im-n-bpsS `WvUm-chpw kYm Ahn-\m-in-bp{_-c vd w AhnsS lrZ-b - n \npw ]pd-sv am-Wv. D-ahn-izm-k-tm-Sp-IqSn C{]-Imcw IcpXn km[Ipdp\mns DnIqSn ISv cp It]metfbpw I At-ls {]m]n-p-Xn-\p-thn At-l-ns t`Znp s]mbvsm-n-cn-p kpjpav\ F t]cn Nn-bnepw [ym\-nepw X-c-X-tbm-Sp-IqSn hym]r-X- cm{]kn--amb \mUn, AXp-Xs C{-\m-a-n kwt_m- bn-o-c-Ww. Cu `mhs ImWn-p--Xn-\p-thn Ah[\ sN-s-Sp ]c-ta-iz-cs {]m]vXn-p hmXn-em-Ip- km\w {ipXn-bpsS hmWn-bn Ejn Xs injy-t\mSp ]dsNp-p. Ahs\ ]cta-iz-cs {]nb Fp IcpXn BZ-cn-p-Ibpw kcn-p-Ibpw sNp-p.

120

I bpp "tl {]mNo\ tbmKy, \o B {_ kzcq-]s


C{]-Imcw IcpXn AXns D]m-k\ \Sq!'

sNp- p.

k]vX - am-\ p- h mIw

Hm-as B[n-`u-XnI temI-kw-_-n-bmb ]wntbmSp \mem-as {]mW-k-ap-Zm-b-am-Ip Bym-n-I-]wnp kw_--apv; Fp-sIm-s-m Hcp temI]rYn-hy-cnw ZuZntimhm-c-Zn-ix. AKv n \np asmcp temI-n-tebvp _w ]pep\nhm-bp-cm-Zn-Xy--{am \-{Xm-Wn. B] Huj-Xn {]mW-\mWp {]m[m-\y-ap--Xv. Cu kwKXn kwln[tbm h\-kv]-Xb BImi Bm. CXym-[n-`q-Xw. Xm-{ ]- I - c - W - n BZyta ]d- n- c n- p- p. cmAYm-ym-w. {]mtWm hymt\m]m\ DZm\x kamasXmb tPymXn hnj-bIamb B[n-`u-XnI ]wn- \x. Npx t{im{Xw at\m hmIv XzIv. N amwkw tbmSv Am-as IcW kap-Zmb cq]-am-Ip Bymkv\mhm-n-a-m. GX-Z-[n-hn-[mb Ejn-c-thm-N-Xv. nI ]wnp _-ap-v. Fs- m B[n-`u-Xn-I-] mMv w hm C Zw k hw. ] mMv t s s\ h fmb B tPymXn- p- I Cu Bym- nI tPymXn- p- I-fpsS ]mMvw kv]rtWm-Xo-Xn. klm-b n- I - f m- I p- p. Cmcyw imkv{ X- -f n ]e Cu A\p-hm-I-n\p cp `mK- Dv. BZy-`m-K- epw ]d-n-p-v. CXp-t]m-se-Xs aqm-as n AXn-ap-Jy--fmb B[n- `u-Xn-I-h- kXp-sf temIw, qe ]Zm--fpsS B[n-`u-XnI ]wn Bdm-as v tPymXn-v, kvYq-e-]Zm- Fo aqp ]wn-Ifn- ico-c-K-X- [m-Xp--fpsS Bym-nI ]wn-bp-ambn _embn hn`-Pn-nv Ahsb hn-p-Ibpw cm-as `mK- s-n-cn-p-p. Fp-sIm-s- m Huj-[n-cq-]nIfpw h\n apJy--fmb Bym-nI (i-co-c-n-Xw) ]Zm- kv]-Xn-cq-]n-I-fp-amb A- n\npw amwk-a-m-Zn-I sf {]mW, Ic-Ww, [mXp Fo aqp ]wn-I- fn- embn ]pjvSn-s-Sp-Ibpw A`n-hr-n-s-Sp-Ibpw sNpp FXp hn`-Pnv Ahsb hn-p-Ibpw sNp-p. Ah-km\w {]Xy--a m-W-sm. C{]-Imcw qe-k q-va -X -Xz-sf Ahsb D]-tbm-Kn-p--Xn-\p bpnbpw ]d-n-cn-p- {]tXyIw {]tXyIw \-Xp-t]mse a\-n-emn Ah-bpsS p. D]-tbmKw bYm-tbmKyw \nh-ln-p-p-sh-n a\p]rYzo-tem-Iw, A- co--tem-Iw, kz-tem-Iw, ]q jyv Fm {]Im-c-n-ep-ap D-Xnsb {]m]n-p-hm ]namZn Znp-I, Btb ss\cr- XymXn Ahm-c Znp- Ign-bp-p. I Ch temI-ns B[n`uXnI ]wn-I, An, AjvT-am-\ p-h mIw hmbp, kqcy, N{, \-{X- Ch tPymXn-p-IHmanXn {_. Hman-XoZw kw Hman-tXy-X-Z-\pfpsS B[n-`u-XnI ]wn, AXp-t]mse Pew, Huj-[nI, Ir-Xnl kva hm At]ym {imh-tb-Xym-{im-h-b-n. h\-kv]-Xn, BIm-iw, ]m-`u-Xn-I-q-e-i-cocw Ch Hm anXn kmam\n Kmb-n. Hmw timan-Xn. ikv{XmWn qe-P-U-]-Zm--fpsS B[n-`u-Xn-I]w- n-bm-Ip-p. iwk- n. HmanXy[zcypx {]Xn-Kcw {]Xn-Kr-W m-Xn. Cs\ Ch-sbmw IqSn-t-Xns\ B[n-`u-Xn-I-]wn HmanXn {_m {]ku-Xn. Hman-Xy-n-tlm-{X-a-\p-PmAXm-bXv `uXn-I-]wn kaqlw Fp ]d-bp-p. CXp\m-Xn. HmanXn {_mWx {]h- y-ml {_tmt]m- se-Xs app ]d-n- p Bym-nI ico- c- ns ]m]v\ hm\o-Xn. {_ss-thm-]m-]vt\m-Xn. Dn hkn-p ]wn-I; CXn {]mW, A]m-\, hym\, DZm-\, kam-\ Ch {]mWs ]wnbpw Cu A\phm-I-n ]c-ta-iz-cs "Hmw' F \mat\{Xw, a\-v, hmWn, Xzv Ch Ic-W-kap-Zm-b--fpsS tmSp a\p-jyp {ibpw `nbpw Dm-pXn\p]wnbpw Nw, amwkw, \mUn, An, a Ch ico- thn HmwIm-c-ns aln-asb hn-p-p. "Hmw' c-KX [mXp--fpsS ]wnbpw BIp-p. C{]-Imcw {][m- FXv ]c-{_- -] -c-a m- m-h ns \ma-a m-b -X p-sImp \- -fmb B[n-`u-Xn- Ihpw Bym-n-I-hp-amb ]Zm- - kmm {_w Xs-bm- Ip- p. Fp- sIm- s- m `KfpsS {Xnhn-[-]w-n-I Na-p-hn-p-Xv ChnsS D]- hms \mahpw `K-hkz-cq]w Xs- bm-Ip-p. Cu ImWe--W-cq-]-n-em-Ip-p. AXn-\m _mn hkvXp- s-Sp Fm temI-fpw "Hmw' F B {_-ns Ch-bn AK-X-sap [cn-psImWw. C{]-Imcw Xs qe- cq-]- am- W.v "Hmw' FXv A\p-{I-Xn-bpsS A\phn-nv {ipXn ]d-bpp: Cu ]wn-I-fn-embn hn`- tam-Z\-ns kqN-\-bm-Ip-p. Ftm GsX-nepw Pnp hn-n-p ]Zm- -sfmw Xs ]wn-I-fpsS kwK-Xnsb A\p-tam-Zn-p-pthm Atm t{ijvT-]p-cp-jHcp kap-Zm-b-am-Ip-p. Chbvp ]c-kv]cw L\n-jT- amb \mb ]c-ta-iz-cs \ma-kz-cq-]amb Cu HmwIm-cs Dv kw_- -ap-v. Cu clkyw a\-n-emn AXm-bXv B[n- cnv BwKy-tmsS AXns\ A\p-tam-Zn-p-p. av A`u-XnI ]Zm- tm-Sp-IqSn Bym- nI ]Zmv c-ln-X- -fmb ]Z D-cn--s-Sp-n- . Cmcyw {]knFp _-am-Wp-Xv? F Imcyw \-Xp-t]mse a\-n- - am-Wv. injy Xs Kpcp- hn- t\mSpw AXp- t]mse t{imXmhv emn a\p-j y Bym-n-I-i - n-bnIqSn `uXnI GsX-nepw ]WvUn-X- t\mSpw D]-tZ-is A`yn- p]Zm--fpsS hnImkw kwkn--am-p-Ibpw `uXn-I-]- tm Kpcphpw hmhpw "Hmw' Fp ]d-p-sIm-pZm--fnqSn Bym- nI insb hfp-Ibpw Xs D]-tZ-in-p-hm Bcw-`n-p-p. kma-thZw ]mSp--

121

I hcpw "Hmw' F {io]-c-ta-iz-cs \maw \mbn D-cn-nv

Kt`m-ev]m-Z\w \S-epw EXp-Im-en \nb-a-{]-Imcw kma-th-Z-nse Km\- ]mSp-p. b-I-- fn kv{Xokw-t`mKw \S-epw AXp-t]mse IpSpw-_s ikvXiw-k-\m-Iw \S-p imkvXm Fp t]cp hfp- -Xn-\p D]m-b- \S-epw Cs\ Fm v EXznp "Hmw timw' Fp ]dv imkv{X- -fpsS AXm- t{ijvT-I--fp-tSbpw A\p- jTm-\- \S-n-smp bXv XZznjbI-a-{--fpsS ]mT- Dcp-hn-Sp-p. b- Pohn-Ww Fv ChnsS kqNn- n-p-p. Aym-]-I-t\bpw I- \S-n- p A[zcy Fp-t]-cp EXznpw D]-tZ-i-I-t\bpw kw_-n-n-S-tmfw Cu Fm I"Hmw' F ]c-ta-iz-cs \mas D-cn-n-p-Xs {]Xn-K- hy- - f p- s Sbpw kap-N n-X -a mb ]me\w {]tXy- I npw c-a-{s D-cn-p-p. {_mhv (\memw EXzn-v) "Hmw' BhiyamWv; Fp- sIm- s-m Ah-cpsS BZi-sf Fv ]c-{_ ]c-am \mas D-cn-p-sImp b- hnZymXvYnIfpw t{imXm-fpw A\p-I-cn-p-p. cYo-XIw \S-p--Xn\v A\p-h-Zn- p-p. AXp-t]mse "Hmw' cs ]p{X kXy-hNv aljn ]d-bp-Xv ""Cu Fm Fp ]d- p-sIm-p- Xs An- tlm{Xw \S- p--Xn\pw I--fnepw kXyw Xs k-t{i-jvT-am-Ipp; FpA\p-h-Zn-p-p. Ay-b\w \S-p--Xn-\p-Zyp--cmb sIm-s-m Hmtcm Ihpw kXy-`m-j-W-tm-Sbpw {_mW {_-N m-cn-Ifpw "Hmw' F ]c-ta-i z-cs kXy-`m-h-tm-Spw- IqSn sN-s-m am{Xta bYm-cq\mas BZy-am-bp--cn-p-sImv "F\np thZw \-Xp- ]-tm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-Xm-bn-o-cppq'' Fm-Wv. ]pcp-in-jvSt]mse ]Tn-p-hm Ign-bs' Fp ]d-bp-p. AXm-bXv ]p-{X- \mb Xt]m-\n-Xy-a-ljn ]d-bp-Xv ""X]--cy-Xs v Hmw Imcw bmsXm-cp-s \maw BIp-pthm B ]c-ta- k- t{i- jT-am- Ip- p. Fp-sIm-s- m X]- n \npiz-c-t\mSv Hmm-cs D-cn-p-sImv Cu {]m\ \S- Xs kXy-`m-j-WmZn kakvX [--fp-tSbpw ]me\w p- p. "Rm thZs sshZn-I-m- \s {]m]n- pw. \S-p--Xn\pw Ah-bn Dd-p-\np--Xn\pw D AXn-\p _pn \In-bm-epw, CXns ^e-kz-cq-]-ambn in Dm-Ipp' FmWv apZvK-e-Is ]p{X \mI-apv Ah thZ-s \n-t-l-ambpw {]m]n-p-p. C{]-Imcw \n-bpsS A`n-{]m-bw, "thZ-fpw [-im-k{X-fpw ]TnCu a{- n Hmmc-ns aln-asb hn- n-cn-p-p. epw ]Tn-n-epw Xs k-t{i-jvT-am-Ip-p. FpsIm-s-m AXp-Xs X]-m-Ip-p. AXm-bXv Ch\h- am-\ p- h mIw bn \np-X-s- bmWp X]p apX-embn Fm [-EXw N kzm[ymb {]h- N t\ N. kXyw N fp-tSbpw m\w Dm-Ip-Xv'' Fm-Ip-p. Cu Fm kzm[ym-b-{]-h-Nt\ N. X] kzm[ym-b-{]-h-Nt\ aljn-amcpw ]d-bp-Xv bYm-am-Wv. Ah-cpsS IY-\N. Za kzm[ymb {]h-Nt\ N. A-b kzm[ym- sf D-cn-p-sImv Hmtcm I-nepw Cu aqs-b-{ ]-h-N t\ N. An-tlm{Xw N kzm[ymb {]h- n\pw {]m[m-\y-ap-s `mhw ImWn--s-n-cn-p-p. Nt\ N AXn- Y - b kzm[ym- b - { ]- h - N t\ N. bmsXmcp Iw sN-s-Sp-p-hthm AXv ]T-\-]mTam\pjw N kzm[ymb {]h- N t\ N. {]Pm N fn \npw D]-e-_v[-amb imkv{X-m-\-n-\-\p-Iq-e-amkzm[ym-b -{]-h -N t\ N. {]P-\ - -k zm-[ ymb {]h- bn-cn--Ww. F{X-am{Xw hnLv\- Dm-bn-sm--s, Nt\ N. {]Pm-Xn kzm[ym-b-{]-h-Nt\ N. kXy- kzw I-hy- ]m-e-\-X-]-n kZm Dd-p-Xs \npanXn kXy-h Nm cmYo-X-c x. X] CXn Xt]m-\nXyx Ibpw Hmtcm {Inb-bnepw kXy-`m- hhpw kXy-`m-j-W- ]- c-amb ]ucp-in-jvSnx. kzm[ymb {]h-Nt\ GthXn \mtIm hntij {ibpw Dm-bn-cn-p-Ibpw thWw.

auZvK-eyx. Xn X]-kvXn X]x.


Cu A\p-hm-In Ay-b-\hpw Aym-]-\hpw \Sp--hsc imkv{X--fn \nt-in-n-cn-p amnqSn kzbw \o-W-sa Imcyw Hm-s-Sp-pp. CtX-Imcyw D]-tZ-i-I\pw D]-tZiw {ihn-p--h\pw a\- n-em- -W w. Ay-b -\ hpw Aym-] -\ hpw cpw hfsc D]-tbm-K-{]-Z-am-Wv. imkv{X--fpsS Ay-b\w sImp-Xs a\p-jyp kzw I-hy--fp-tSbpw Ah-bpsS hn[n-I-fp-tSbpw ^efp-tSbpw m\w DmIp- p. AXn-\m CX- \p-jvTn-p- sIm-p-Xs AtXm-Sp-IqSn bYmtbm-Ky-amb kZm-Nm-c-]m-e\hpw kXy- `m-jW hpw kz[ ]me-\- n kw`-hn- m-h p IjvS XIfpw C{nbsf kzm[o-\n-epw a\-ns\ \nb-{n-epw An-tlm-{X-n-\m-bp Ansb Pzen-n-epw AXn lh\w \S- epw AXn-Yn-tk- h\w sNepw Fm- h-tcmSpw a\p-tjym-Nn-X-ambn s]cp-am-depw im-kv{X-hn-[n-{]-Im-c-ap

Zi-am- \ p-h mIw


Alw hrky tccn-hm. Ionx ]rjvSw Kntccn-h . Du[z-] - h nt{Xm hmPn- \ oh kzar- X -a -k va n. {ZhnWw k-kw. kpta[m Aar-tXm-nXx CXn{X-t i-tmth-Zm-\ p-h-N- \w.
{Xnip Fp-t]-cp aljn ]c-am-m-hns\ {]m]nnv X\n-p-mb A\p-`-hs hnh-cn-p-p. AXn-s\s ChnsS D-cn- n-cn- p-p. {Xni- p-hns hmn{]Imcw kzw Ax-Ic-W-n Nnn-p--Xp-Xs ]cam {]m]vXn-p km[-\-bm-Ip-p. CXp ]d-bp--Xn-\pXs Cu A\p-hm-I-ns Bcw`w D]-tbm-Kn-p-p. {ipXn-bpsS `mhmw CXm-W.v ""Rm {]hm-l-cq-]-n A\m-Zn-Imew apX \ne-\n-p-t]m-cp Cu P\\ ac- W-amIp kwkmc hr-ns Dq-e\miw hcp-p--h\mIp-p. CXv Fs Ah-km-\s P-am-Ip-p. CXn-\p-

122

I tijw F\np ]p\w Dm-Ip-n-. Fs Ion-

tbm-Sp-IqSn Krl-m-{i-a-n {]th-inp kz[-sf ]- X - i n- J - c w- t ]mse D - X hpw hni m- e - h p- a m- W v . ]men- p- sImv km\ ]c-- c-Isf kwc-n- p- I. CXn\p Atmm-Z-\- i-n-bm bp-amb kqcy-\n Fs\ tem]w hcp- -c p-X v. AXm-b Xv imkv{X-h n-[n-{]-Imcw D-a-amb AarXw \nh-kn-p-pthm A{]-Imcw Rm\pw hnhmlw Ign [-]- Xv\n- tbm-Sp-IqSn EXp- Im-e- n \nbv hnip cmK-tZm-jm-ZnIfm kYm ap\pw Aa-c-kz- a-{]-Im-c-ap kl-hmkw A\p-jTnp km-t\mm-Z-\cq-]-\p-am-Ip-p. CXp IqSmsX Rm {]Im-i-bp--[-\- Iw A\m-k-n-]qw \S-p-I. \o Hcn-epw kXyns `WvUm-Km-chpw ]c-am-\-- cq-]-am- Ip Aar- X-n n\npw hyXn-N-en--cpXv; AXm-bXv Ifn-X- am-i-bnepw \na-\pw t{ijvT-amb [mc-Wm-bp--_p-n-bm k- hy-amb Imcy--fnepw hmWn-bpsS insb \jvS-s\pw BIp-p.'' CXv {Xni-p-a-ljn-bpsS thZm-\p-hN-\- Sp--cp-Xv. ]cn-lm-k-sa \mSy-n Hcn-epw Ifhp ]d-fm-Ip-p. AXm-bXv m\-{]m-]vXn-p-tijw hy-am- b- cp- Xv. C{]-Imcw Xs [-]m-e-\- -fn sXp {]hn-cpXv; AXm-bXv Fs-nepw \mSy-ntem Ae-k-X-s Bm-hns DZvKm-c-am-Ip-p. bmtem [s Ah- t l- f n- - c p- X v . euIn- I hpw a\p-jy GXp {]Im-c-n- ep `mh\ sNp-pthm imkv{Xohpw Bbn I-hy-cq-]-n e`y-am-Ip F{XAXp `mh-\-b-\p-k-cnp kw`-hn-p-p. Ahs kev]sb{X ip`-I--fptm Ahsb Hcn-epw XyPn-pn CXv A]qhpw B-cy-P-\-I-hp-amb in-bm-IpItbm Ah-bn Dt] hnNm-cn-p-Itbm sN-cp-Xv. adnv p. AXn-\m bmsXmcp a\p-jy Xns D]-cypbYm-tbmKyw Ahsb A\p-jvTn- p-sIm-p-Po-hn--Ww. [\-amb `mh- \-bpsS A`ymkw \S-p-pthm Ah \nk-p hn-n-p-h euIn-tIm--Xn-I-fpsS km[-\b-ambpw A-s\-X- s-bm-bn-o-cpw. Fm Cu km[Isf kw_-npw DZm-ko\ at\m-`mhw kzoI-cn--cp-Xv. \-bn ]q-amb {i-bpsS Bhiyap-v. `mh-\--\pCXn-\p-th-nbpw hm-{i-am-\p-Iq-e--fmb {]h-\k-c -W -amb KpWw hcmsX Almcw hp `hn- A\p-jvTn--Ww. apJy hnjbfmb ]Tnepw ]TnbmsWn \miw-Xs kw`-hn-p-p. Cu thZ-h-N-\-n-epw Ahsb Hcn-epw Ah-tl-fn-p- Itbm aSn-sImfpsS cl- kys icnpw a\-n-emn AXns\ Nnn-ppt]np-Itbm sN-cp-X.v C{]-Im-cw-Xs An-tlmI-bm-sW-n Almc-s--n-bp Bi-bvt Ah{Xhpw bm-Zn-I-fpsS A\p-jTm-\-cq-]--fmb tZh-Im-cyv Im- i-an-. fpw {im X-WmZn ]nXr-Im-cy-fpw \S-p--Xn GIm-Z-i m-\ p-h mIw Be-kytam Ah-tl-f-\m-]-c-amb {]am-Ztam kw`-hn--cp-X.v

thZ-a-\ q-Nym-Nmtcymthm-k n\ a\p-im-kvXn. kXyw hZ. [w Nc. kzm[ym-bmm {]a-Zx. BNmcymb {]nbw [\-am-lrXy {]Pm-Xpw am hyh-tox. kXym {]a-Zn-X-hyw. [m {]a-Zn-X-hyw. Ipi-e m {]a-Zn-X -h yw. `pssXy \ {]a-Zn-X -h yw. kzm[ym-b-{]-h -N\m`ymw \ {]a-Zn-Xhyw. tZh-]n-XrIm-cym`ymw \ {]a-Zn-X-hyw.
Krl- Xs PohnXw Fs\ Bhn-j v -c nWw; Cmcyw {Kln-n-p--Xn\p thn Cu A\phmIw Bcw-`n-p-p. BNm-cy injys\ thZ-ns Ay- b \w \- X p- t ]mse \S- np kam- h \ kwkvm-c-k-abw Krl-m-{i-a-n {]th-in-nv Krl- [-sf ]men-p-- Xn- \p hnZy \Ipp ]p{X, \o Ftmgpw kXyw kwkm-cn--Ww, B]p kw`-hnmtmepw Is Hcn-epw icWw {]m]n--cp-Xv. Xs hm-{i-a-n- \-\p-Iq-eambn imkv{X-k--X--fmb [-sf A\p-jTn-p-I. kzm-[ym-btmsS AXm-bXv v thZm-`ym-ktm-Sp-IqSn kym-h-\hpw Kmb-{Xo-P-]hpw `K-h-ma KpW-Io-\-fpw \Sn \nXy-Ifn Hcn-epw {]amZw hcp-m-Xn-cn-pI AXm-bXv Hcn-epw Ahsb A\m-Zc-thm-Sp-IqSn \S-m-Xn-cn-p-I. Be-kywaqew \S-m-cn-p-Ibpw sN-cp-Xv. Kpcp-hn\p Zn- Wm-cq]- n At-l-ns cpNn--\p-k-c-W-amb [\w sImp hv t{]a-]qw \evIp-I. ]ns At-l-ns B-

amXr-tZthm `h. ]nXr-tZthm `h. BNm-cy-tZthm `h. AXn-Yn-tZthm `h. bm\y-\h-Zym\n IamWn Xm\n tkhn-Xhym-\n. t\m CX-cm-Wn. bm\y-kvamIw kpN-cnXm\n Xm\n Xztbm-]m-ky-\m-\n. t\m CX-cmWn. tb tI Nmkva- vtd-b mwtkm {_m-t Wmx. tXjmw Xzbmkt\\ {]iz-kn-Xhyw. {itbm tZbw. A{i--bm-tZ-bw. {inbm tZbw. lvdnbm-tZ-bw. `nbm tZbw. kwhnZm tZbw.
]p{X, \o amXm-hn-t\bpw ]nXm-hn-t\bpw Kpcp-hn-t\bpw AXn-Yn-tbbpw tZh-Xpeyw IcpXWw. Cu \mep-t]-tcbpw Cuiz-cs {]Xn-aqn-sbp IcpXn {i-tbmSpw `ntbmSpw Ch-cpsS Bsb ]menpw \a-k-cnpw Pohnv p-I. Chsc Ftmgpw Xs hn\-b]q-amb \S-]-Sn-Ifm {]k--cm-n-op-I. temI-n-ep \ntm-j-fmb Fm I--tfbpw \o tkhn--Ww. Ah-bn \npw hncp--ambn tZmj-bp--fpw \njn---fp-amb I-sf ad-nv kz]v\-ntmepw Ahsb BNcn--cp-Xv. \psS kzw-Kpcp P\--fpsS BNm-c-hy-h-lmc--fn D-a-fpw alm-m--fm A\p-tam-Zn--s-np--h-bp-amb BN-c-W-sf kw_- nv bmsXm-cp-hn-[n-ep- ap i-In- S-an-m--hsb \n A\p-I-cn-Ww. bmsXm-ns\ kw_-nv Aev]-sa-nepw i-bp-mIp-pthm AXns\ Hcn-epw A\p-I-cn-p-hm ]mSn-. bmsXm-cp- Bsc-nepw t{ijvT hb-nepw hnZy-

123

I bnepw X]-nepw BN-c-W-fnepw D-X Bbn-p--

-h\pw Fm-h-tcmSpw kvt\l-a-bamb s]cp-am--tm-Sph XYm {_m-WmZn ]qPy, hon BK-X- \m-Ip-I-bm- Iq-Sn-b-h\pw AXp-t]mse GI-am-{X-amb [-]m-e-\-n sW- n B Bfns\ ]mZyw ALyw Bk\w apX-em-bh B{K-l-aph\p-amb hnZzm-\p-amb {_m-W F{]-Imcw \In Fm {]Im-c-nepw _lp-am-\n-p-Ibpw bYm- C- s\-bp Imcy- {]hn- p-pthm AXp-t]m-setbmKyw tkh\w sNp-Ibpw thWw. Xs in--\p- Xs \nfpw BN-cn--Ww. A-s\-bp Ah-k-ck-c- W-amb Zm\w sNp-- Xn\pw \n DZm-c-]q-I- ambn n At-l-ns D]-tZ-i-a-\p-k-cnpw At-l-ns X-c-cm-bn-cn--Ww. Fs-nepw \Ip-I-bm-sW-n BZi- a -\ p-k -c npw Ahsb A\p-K -a n- -W w. CXp AXv _lp-am-\-tm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bm-bn-cn--Ww. {im-]q-a- IqSmsX Hcp-h GsX-nepw tZmj-m If--s-p-t]mmsX bmsXmpw \Ip-hm ]mSn- . Fp- sIm-s- m sb-n Ah-t\mSv Fs\ s]cp-am-dWw F hnj-bA{i--tbmsS \I-s-Sp Zm\m-Zn-I- Ak- nepw \nv Hcp hnj- am- h Dm-Ip-I-bm-sW-n mbn ]cn- K - W n- - s - S p- p. hn\-b - t msS Zm\w \nv kzw _pn-bm Hcp Xocp-am-\-n-se-psNWw; AXm-bXv Fm k-p-Ifpw `K-hm-t-Xm-Ip- hm km[n-p-nsn apI-fn ]d-n-cn-p hn[p. Rm\-Xns\ Ft- sXp Icp-Xpp Fn AXv AXy- n- ep alm- m-cmb BfpI Ah-t\mSp Fns\ s]cp[nIw A]-cm-[-am-Ip-p. AXns\ Fm Pohn-I-fp-tSbpw am-dp-thm A-s\-Xs \nfpw {]hn--Ww. AhlrZ-b-n nXn-sN-p `K-hms tkh-\-n-\mbn cpsS \S-]-Sn-I Cm-cy-n {]am-W-am-Ip-p. Nne-h-gn-t-Xv Fs I- hy-am-Ip-p. Rms\-p- am{Xw imkv{X- ns B- -imkv{Xw ]ngn- s- Sp kv sImSp-mepw AXv Aev]-am- {Xta BIp-p-q. C{]-Imcw CXp-X-s-bm-Ip-p. Kpcp--mcpw amXm-]n-Xm-fpw XNnnp hfsc Ffn-a-tbm-Sp-IqSn \I-Ww. a\-n Zm\nfpsS i njy- mpw km- \ - pw \Ip bm- sW Al-mcw hcp-hm-\-\p-h-Zn--cp-X.v Fm- bn-Spw D]tZi Fm thZ- -fp- sSbpw cl- ky-amb CXp-X- sFm-nepw `K-hm nXn-sN-p-p. AXn-\m Zm\w bm-I p- p. am{X- a - , \nb- a hpw CXp-X -s -b m-I p- p. kzoI-cn-p--Xp-Xs At-l-ns Ir]-sbm-p-am{Xw Cuizcs Bbpw ]c--cm-K-X-amb D]-tZ-i--fpsS Fp hnNm-cnp `K-hm-t\mSp `bm-\zn-X-\mbn Zm\w \I\mahpw Cu \nbaw Xs-bm-Ip-p. AXn-\m \n Ww. ""R Nnesmw D]-Imcw sNpp'' Fp CXp-t]m- se-bp I-hy-fpw kZm-Nm-c-fpw ]men-p`mh-tm-Sp-I q-Sn, Al-m-tm-Sp-Iq-Sn, Ahn-\-b-ambn sIm- - Ww. bmsXmcp Zm\hpw sN-cp-X.v Fm bmsXmv \mw Zm\cq-]-n \Ip-pthm AXp hnth-I-tmSpw AXns ZzmZ- im- \ p-h mIw ]cn-Wm-as a\-n-em-nbpw \njvm-a-`-h-tm-Sp-Iq-Snb iw t\m an{Xx iw hcp-Wx. iw t\m `h-Xz-cy-am. I-hy-sap Icp-Xnbpw Bbn-cn--Ww. C{]-Imcw \evI- iw \ Ct{m _rl-kv]Xnx. iw t\m hnjvWp-cp-cps-Sp Zm\w `K-h{]o-Xn-mbn awK-f-ns km[-\-bm- {I-ax. \tam {_-tW. \akvtX hmtbm. Xztah bn-o-cp-hm CS-bm-Ip-p. AXp-Xs A-b-^-es {]Xyw {_m-kn. Xzmtah {]Xyw {_m-hm{]Zm\w sNp--Xm-Ip-p. Zn-jw. EX-a-hm-Zn-jw. kXy-a-hmZnjw. Xm-am-ho-Xv.

AY bZn tX I-hn-Nn-Inm hm hr-hn-NnInm hm kymXv tb X{X {_mWmx kin\x. bpm Bbp-mx. Aepm [-Imamx kyp; bYm tX X{X h-tc. XYm X{X htYmx. AYm`ymJymtXjp. tb X{X {_Wmx kin\x. bpm Bbpmx Aepm [-Imamx kypx, bYm tX tXjp-h-tcx XYm tXj-ht-Ymx. Gj BtZix. Gj D]-tZix Gjm thtZ-]-\n-jXv. GX-Z\pimk-\ w. Gh-ap-] m-k n-X hyw! Ghap ssNX-Zp- ]m-k yw.

XZz-m-c-am-ho-Xv. Bho-mw. Bho-Zz-m-cw. Hmw imnx ! imnx !! imnx !!!


inm-hn-bpsS Cu An-am-\p-hm-I-n `n-`n-i-nIfpsS A[n-jvTm-Xm-hmb ]c-ta-iz-c-t\mSp `n`n-\m-a-nepw cq]-nepw At-ls kvXpXn-p-sImv {]m-\m-]qw \n {]I-Sn-n-p-p. B[n-ssZ-hn-Ihpw Bym-n-Ihpw B[n-`u-Xn-I-hp-amb in-I-fpsS cq]nepw AXp-t]mse Ah-bpsS A[n-jvTm-\-tZ-hX-I-fmb an{X hcp- W apX- emb tZh- X-I- fpsS cq]-nepw bmsXmcp- AJn- en- tbpw Bmhpw A-cym-an-bp-am-bncn-p ]c-ta-iz-c-\m-bn-cn-p-pthm Atlw Fm-{]-Imc- nepw \app Ieym- W-a-b-\mbn `hn-s \psS DXn-bpsS am-n bmsXm-cp-hn-[-n-ep hnLv\ kw`-hn-p-hm A\p-h-Zn-m-Xn-cn--s. \nJn-e-nsbpw A-cym-an-bmb {_s \a-k-cn-p-p. v

Ch-sbmw sNbvXp-sIm-n-cp-npw \nv GsXnepw Hc-h- k-c-n kz I-hys \n-bn- pXn\v hnjaw t\cn-Sp-Itbm kzw _pn-bn Hcp Xocp-am-\-nse-p--Xn\p km[n-msX hcn-Itbm \n InwIhy-hn-aq-V-\m-bn-o-cp-Itbm BsW-n A-s\- bp Ah--bn \ Nnm-K-Xn-tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bh\pw DNn-X-C{]-Imcw imn-p-thn ]c-am-m-hn-t\mSp {]mnfmb \ D]-tZ-i- \Ip--h\pw k--fnepw np kq{Xm-m-hmbn {]mW-cq-]-n Fm Pohn-I-fnepw kZm-Nm-c--fnepw X-c-X-tbm-Sp-IqSn hym]r-X-\m-bn-cn-p-

124

I hym]n-n-cn-p ]c-ta-iz-cs\ hmbp-hns \ma-n


kvXpXn-pp ""tl k-i-n-am, Fmntbpw {]mW-cq-]amb hmbp-ab ]c-ta-iz-c, Asb \akv-cnp-p. Ap-Xs Fm {]mWn-I-fp-tSbpw {]mW-kz-cq]-amb {]Xy {_-am-Ip-p. AXn-\m Rm A-sbs {]Xy--ssZ-ha-sap ]dp hnfn-p-p. Rm EXw F \ma-nepw Asb hnfn-p-p. Fp-sIms-m Fm Pohn-Ip-ambn bmsXmv Ieym-W-Imcn-bmb \nb-a-am-bn-cn-p-pthm B \nb-a-cq-]amb EX (Cuizc-\n-b-a)ns A[n-jvTm-Xmhpw Ap Xs-bmIp-p. am{X-a-, Rm kXyw F t]cnepw Asb kwt_m-[\w sNpp; Fp-sIm-s-m, "kXy' (bYm-`m-j-W)-ns A[n-jTm-\-tZ-h-Xbpw Ap-X-sv bm-Ip-p-h-sm. k-hym-]nbpw A-cym-an-bp-amb ]c-taiz-c kZm-Nm-chpw kXy-`m-j-Whpw kZvhnZy {]m]n-p-Xn-\p in F\nv {]Zm\w sNbvXv P\-\a-c-W-amIp Cu kwkm- c-N-{I-n\npw Fs cn-p-Ibpw AXp-t]mse Fs BNm-cy\v Fm D]-tZ-i-fpw \In Fm-bn-Spw B kXys {]N-cn-n-p--Xn-\p in {]Zm\w sNbvXv At-ls cn-p-Ibpw sNbvXn-cn-pp. ChnsS "Fs cn-n-cn-p-p, Fs BNm-cys\ cn-n-cn-pp' Cu hmIy--fpsS Bh-\-ns Bi-bw-in-m-h-n-bpsS kam-]Xnsb kqNn-n-p-p. v

{]Y-am- \ p-hmIw
{_-hn-Zm-]vt\mXn ]cw. XtZ-jm-`yp-m.

{_ m\n-bmb alm-mhv ]c-{_-s {]m]npp; Cmcyw Adn-bn- p- -Xn\pw apn hcp {ipXn ]d-b-s- Sp-p.

kXyw m\-a-\w {_. tbm thZ \nlnXw Kplmbmw ]cta thyma. tkmiv\ptX khm Imam kl {_mWm hn]-n-tX-Xn.

Cu a{- n ]c- {_ ]c- am- m-hns kzcq] t_m[I- amb e- W-sf ]d-nv At-l-ns {]m]vXn-m\s hnv At- l- ns {]m]vXn- sIm- p ^ehpw hnh-cn-p- p. ]c-{_ ]c-am- mhpw kXy-kz-cq-]-\m-sWv Bi-bw. "kXy' i_vZw ChnsS \nXy-X-bpsS t_m[s Df-hm-p-p. AXm-bXv B ]c-{_w \nXy kv BIpp. bmsXmcp Ime-nepw AXn\v A`mhw Dm-Ip-n-. AXp-t]mse Atlw m\-kz-cq-]\pw BIp-p. Atl- n Am\w eh-teiw t]mepw C. Atlw A\- am-Ip-p. AXm-bXv tZi-n\pw Ime-n\pw AXo-X- \mIpp ko amc-ln-X-\m-Ip-p. B {_w AXn-hn-ip-amb BIm-i-n hkn-p-sIm-n-cp-npw Fm-h-cptSbpw lrZ-bKp-l-I-fn Hfn-n-cn-p-Ibpw sNp-p. B ]c-{_ ]c-am-m-hns\ bmsXmcp km[-I XXz-tmHmw imnx imnx imnx C{]- Imcw aqp {]mhiyw Sp-IqSn a\-n-em-p-pthm Ah Fm-tbpw \m-b"imn' ]Zs D-cn-p--Xns `mhmw B[n-`u- dn-bp--h-\mb B {_-tm-Sp-IqSn hkn-p-sImv Fm Xn-Ihpw B[n-ssZ-hn-Ihpw Bym-n-I-hp-ambn aqp hn[- {]Im-c-n-ep-ap t`mK-sf Aeu-In-I-am-b-co-Xn-bn n-ep hnLv\v kYm D]-i-a\w Dm-Is A\p-` -h n- p-Ibpw sNp-p. Cu {_m-WvU-n F- Xm-Wv. `K-hm imn- kz-cq- ]-\mIpp. AXn- \m At- bmsXmv PU-tN-X-\m-cq-]-amb PK- m-bn-cn-p-pthm l-ns kvac-W-bn \npw Fm {]Im-c-n-epap AXv Cuiz-c-\m ]cn-]q-am-bn-cn-p-p. B Cuiz-cs\ imn kp\nnX-am-Ip-p. Xns hkn-n- p-sImv AXm-b Xv \nc-cw Nnnp sImp-Xs hkn-n-p-sImv AXm-bXv \nc{_m-\ - - h n cw Nnn-p-sIm-p-Xs XymK-]qw Ah-iy-hn-j-bimn- ] mTw sf tkh\w sN-Ww. bmsXm-cp-]tZiw km[-I\pthn \I-s-n-cn-p-pthm Amcyw Xs ChnsS Hmw kl \mh-h-Xp. kl \u `p\pw klhocyw Ic-hm-h-ssl. tXPkzn \mh-[o-X-a-kvXp. am kn-m-cmb alm-m--fpsS nXn-sb-n ]d-bp--Xn\v {]tbm-Kn-n-cn-p-p. "Ah {_-tm-Sp-IqSn Fm hnZznjm hssl. t`mKfpw A\p-`- hn-pp' ]c- am-m- hns\ {]m]n knHmw imnx ! imnx !! imnx !!! cmb ]pcp-j-m C{n-b- hgn-bmbn _mly- hn- j- b- sf tl ]c-a m- , Ap Kpcp-i n-j y-c mb Rsf A\p-`-hn-p-sImv kzbw ]c-am-m-hnXs nXn-sNFtmgpw Fm {]Imc-nepw cn-mepw! Rsf p-p. Ahs a\-,v _pn, C{n-b--fpsS {]h-\Ftmgpw kap-N n-X -amb cq]- n ]cn-] m-e n- m-e pw. Ch apJm-n-c-ap-m-Ip Fm tNjvS-Ifpw ]c-amRv Fm-hn[ in-Ifpw {]Zm\w sNbvXm-epw. m-hn nXn-s N-b vXp-sIm- p-X s kw`-h n- p- p. R A`y-kn hnZy tXPx-]q-am-bn-cn--tW. Hcn- BfpIfpsS ImgvN-bn Bh-iy-a-\p-k-cnv bYm-tbmKyw epw BtcmSpw hnZy-bn Rp ]cm-Pbw kw`-hn- hnjbsf C{n-b-Zzmcm A\p-`-hn-p ka-bpw m-Xn-cn--tW. R Pohn-X-Imew ]cm-Pbw kw`-hn-m- Ah ]c-am-m-hn\npw Hcp W-t\-c-t-bvpXn-cn--tW. R Pohn-X-Imew apgp-h ]c-kv]cw t]mepw thhn-p-\np- n-. AXn-\m kZm Fm Ikvt\l-kq-{X-m _-cm-bn-cn--tW. R-fpsS Dn -fn\npw \nte-]-ambn hkn-p-p. Cu `mhw ImWnHcn-epw ]c-kv]-c-hn-tZzjw Dm-Im-Xn-cn--tW. tl ]c- p--Xn-\p-thn "hn]-nXm {_mWm kl km Imam Aiv\ptX' Fp ]d-bs-Sp-p. C{]-Imcw Cu am-. aqp Xm]-pw \nhr-n-bp-m--W-ta.

125

I {ipXn ]c-{_--ns kzcq-]hpw AXp-t]mse AXns

Aw- sIm-p-Xs Ah-bpsS ]me-\hpw t]mj-Whpw \Sp-p. AXn-\m Aw-sIm-p-Xs Ah Pohn-pp. m\-ns aln-abpw Adn-bn-p--Xm-Ip-p. ]noSv Ah-km\w Cu A-ns As kw_w B ]c-{_--]-c-am-mhv F{]-Imcw Fs\D- hn-n-p `qan-bnXs hneo-\- am-bn-o-cp- p. Fm bp Kpl-bn Hfn-n-cn-pp; At-ls Fs\ Pohn-I-fp-tSbpw P\-\hpw Pohn-Xhpw ac-Whpw qe-iXncn--dn-bWw Cu B{K-l-\n-hr-n-p-thn ASp co-c-ns kw_--n \npw D-hn-p-p. Aw{]I-cWw Bcw-`n-p-p. sImp Pohn- p-p. AXp- t]mse A- ns D- h- mXkvamZzm GX-kvam-Zm-\ BImix kw`q-X x. \-amb `qan-bn hnebpw {]m]n-p-Ibpw sNp-p. CXmBIm-im-Zzm-bpx. hmtbm-c-nx. At-cm-]x. AZv`yx Wn-Xns Xm-cyw. B ico-cn hkn-p Pohm]rYn-h n. ]rYnhym Hmj-[ -b x. Hmj-[ ot`ymw. mhv A-n ebn-p-tN-cp-n; Ah-sb-m-am-Is Am-Xv]p-cp-jx. k hm Gj ]pcptjmc ka- arXyp-Im-e-n {]mW-t\m-Sp-IqSn Cu ico-c-n \npw bx. Xtkym-Zta-h-in-cx. Abw-Z-nWx ]x. Ab- ]pd- sp ap ico- c- n-tep amdn-tm-Ip- p. C{]-Imcw Cu ap--cx-]-x. Ab-am-m. CZw ]pw {]Xn-jvTm. Aw Fm PohnIfptSbpw D-hns Imc-W-am-IpXZ-t]yj tmtIm `h-Xn. p. CXn Fmw ASnbn-cn-p-p. BI-bm CXpCu a{-n a\p-jy-lr-Z-b-am-Ip Kplsb hn- Xs Fm-nepw t{ijvTw. AXn-\m CXp ku-j[ p- -Xn- \p Dt-i-tm- Sp- IqSn BZyw a\p- jy- i- co- c- ns cq]-sap ]d-b-s-Spp; Fp-sIm-s-m CXn D-n-{I-as kwt- ]-ambn ]d-nv AXns Ah- PohnIfpsS p[m-P-\ y-a mb km]w \in- p- p. b-h-sf ]n-IfpsS AwK--fmbn hn`m-h\w sNp-p. bmsXmcp km[-I Cu As {_-cq-]-n D]mAJn-e-n-tbpw Bmhv A-cym-an-bmb ]c-am-m- hn kn- p-pthm Ah kakvX A-tbpw {]m]n-p- p. \npw BZy-ambn BIm-i-X-Xz-n D-hnp Fp Ah\v CjvSw-t]mse Aw e`y- am-Ip-p. AXns A`mhw kmcw. BIm-i - n \npw hmbp-X - X zhpw hmbp- Hcn-epw Dm-Ip-n-. Cu Aw Xs Fm `qX-hn\npw An-X- Xzhpw An-bn \npw Pe-X-Xzhpw fnepw k-t{i-jvT-am-Ip-p. AXn-\m CXv ku-j-[-aPe-n\npw ]rYznbpw D-hn-p. ]rYzn-bn\npw b-sap ]d-bs-Sp-Xp kYm kXyw Xs-bm-Ip-p. Fm Pohn-Ifpw A-n\npw D-hn-p-Ibpw Aw\m\m-{]-Im-c-n-ep Hmj-[n-Ifpw [m\y-s-Sn-Ifpw Ahbn \npw a\p-jyp Blm-chpw D-hn-p. B sImp hf-cp-Ibpw Ah-bpsS Ah-b-h-]pjvSn AwA- n\npw Cu qe-a-\p-jy-i-coc ]pcp-j\pw sImp kw`-hn-p-Ibpw sNp-p. Fm Pohn-Ifpw Dm-bn. A-c-k-n \npw Dmb a\pjy-i-co-c-[m- CXns\ `n-p-Ibpw AXp-t]mse Fm Pohn-I-tfbpw cn-bmb ]pcp-js\ ]n-bpsS cq]-tm-Sp-]-an-n-cn-p-p. CXp `n-p-Ibpw sNbvXv Xn-te-bvp-Xs hen-s-SpCXns inc-ns\ ]n- bpsS inc- tmSpw CS-p-`p-Ps p-Ibpw sNp-p. AXn-\m ""AZy-tX, An N CXn CS-p-] -tmSpw D]-an-p-p. he-Xp-`pPw he-Xp-]- Aw'' F hypev] - n-b -\ p-k -c nv CXns \maw hpw ico-c-ns a[y-`mKw ]n-bpsS ico-cns Asambn-cn-p-p. a[y-`m-Khpw BIp-p. cp-]m-Z-fpw ]n-bpsS ImepXkv a mZzm GX- k v a m- Z- - c - k - a - b m-Z t\ymc am-Ip-p. A-ns aln-asb hn-p-sImpXm- Bm {]mW-a-bx. tXss\j ]qx. k hm Gj Ipp ASp a{w. ]pcp-j-hn[ Gh. Xky ]pcp-j-hn-[-Xm-a-\zbw ]pcp-

ZznXo-b m-\ p- h mIw


A ms sZz {] Pmx {]Pm- b - t .bmx Im ]rYnhow {ioXmx. AtYm At-s s\h Poh-n. AssY\- Z - ] n- b - y- - X x. Aw ln `qXm\mw tPyjvTw. Xkvam-hu-j-[-ap-Ny-tX. kw ssh tXam-]v\p-h- ntbw {_tm-]m-k-tX. Aw ln `qXm\mw tPyjvTw. Xkvam-hu-j-[-ap-Ny-tX. Am-Zv`q-Xm\n Pmb-t. PmXm-\y-t\ h[-t. AZytXn N `qXm-\n. Xkvam-Zm\w XZp-NyX CXn.

j-hn-[x. Xky {]mW Gh incx. hymt\m Zn-Wx ]x. A]m\ Dcx ]x. BImi Bm. ]rYnho ]pw {]Xn-jvTm. XZ-t]yj tmtIm `hXn.

ZznXo-bm-\p-hm-I-nse Cu cmw Awi-n {]mWa-b-amb ico-cs hn-n-cn-p-p. ]qtm--amb A- c-k-n \npw D-hn-n-p qe ico-c- n \npw `n-ambn AXns Dn nXn-sN-p asmcp ico-c-ap-v. AXns t] "{]mW-abw' Fm-Ip-p. {]mWa-b-t-m A-a-bi-cocw ]q-am-Ip-p. A-a-bCu a{- n A- ns alna hn- -s-n-cn- p- amb qe ico-c- s- m kqva-am- b-Xp-Im-cWw {]mWp. Cu ]rYzn-bn F{Xtbm Pohn-I hkn-p-p. Ah- ab icocw CXns AwK-{]-Xyw-K--fn hym]n-n-cn-psbmw A-n \npw D-hn-n-cn-p-p. A- p. Cu {]mW-a-b-i-co-chpw ]pcp-jm-Im-c-tm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-Xns ]cn-Wm-a-cq-]amb cP- n\npw hocy-n t{X. A- ab ico-c-ns ]pcp-jm-Im-cXzw {]kn--am-W.v \npw Ah-bpsS icocw Dm-bn- cn-p-p. AXn\p tijw AXn A\p-K-X-am-bXn-\ms Cu {]mW-a-b-ico-

126

I chpw ]pcp-jm-Im-c-sap ]d-bs-Sp-p. AXns\ ]nbpsS cq]-n hn`m-h\w sNp--Xn-{]-Im-c-am-Ipp {]mWXs AXns incv; Fp-sIm-s- m icoc-ns Ah-b-h-b--fn akvXIw F{]-Imcw t{ijvTam-bn-cn-p-pthm AXp-t]m-se-Xs ]-{]m-W--fn apJy-{]m-W Xs k-t{i-jvTam-bn-cn-p-p. hym\ he-Xp-Nn-dIpw A]m-\ CS-Xp-Nn-dIpw BIp-p. BImis AXm-bXv A-co--n hym]n-p-In-S-p hmbp-hn-s\-tmse k-i-co-c-hym-]n-bmb "kam-\-hmbp' Bm-hm-Ipp; Fp-sIm-s-m AXp-Xs icocw apgp-h kam\ cq]-n ckw Fnv Fm {]mW-ab ico-c--tfbpw ]pjvSn-s-Sp-p-p. CXns m\w icoc-ns a[y-`m-K-am-Wv. AXp-t]mse CXn\v _mlym-Im-ihp-ambn kw_-- ap-v. Cu {]mWs aln-am-hn-j-I-ambn ]d-bs-Sp a{amWv C\n-bp--Xv.

kmtam-cx ]x. BtZi Bm. AYhm-MvKnckx ]pw {]Xn-jvTm. XZ-t]yj tmtIm `h-Xn.

XrXo- b m- \ p-hmIw
{]mWw tZhm A\p {]mW-n. a\pjymx ]ih tb. {]mtWm ln `qXm-\ m-a m-b px. Xkv amhm-bp-j -ap-Ny-tX. k-tah X Bbpbn tb {]mWw {_tm-]m-k-tX. {]mtWm ln `qXm-\mam-bpx. Xkvam-hm-bp-j-ap-Ny-X CXn. Xsskyj Gh imcoc Bm bx ]q-ky.
aqm-a-\p-hm-I-nse Cu BZymwin {]mWs aln-a sb hn- p {ipXnsb Dt-J \w sNbvX Xn\ptijw Cu {]mW-a-b- i-co-c-nse A- cym-an- bmb ]cta-iz-cs\ ey-am-n-bn-cn-p-p. F{X-am{Xw tZh-X-Ifpw a\p-jycpw arK--fp-ambn ico-c-[m-cn-I-fmb Pohn-I-fptm Ah-sbmw {]mWs klm-bw-sImp am{Xw Pohn-pp. {]mW-s\-q-SmsX bmsXm-n-tbpw icocw \ne\np-n-. Fp-sIm-s-m, {]mWXs Fm Pohn-I-fp-tSbpw Bbpv Poh BIp-p. AXn-\m Cu {]mWs\ "khmbpjw' Fp hnfn-p-p. bmsXmcp km[- I "CXp Pohn-I-fpsS Bbp-m- Ip- p, AXn-\m CXv Fm-h-cp-tSbpw Poh As-n Bbpv Fp ]d-bs-Spp' Fp hniz-knv Cu {]mWs\ _mly-cq-]-n D]m-k\ sNp-pthm Ah ]q-amb Bbp-ns\ {]m]n-p-p. bmsXmcp km-m-hmb ]c-ta-iz-c Ans ck- m Dm- - s qe- i-co-c-[m-cn- bmb ]pcpjs A-cm-m-hm- bn-cn-p- pthm Atlw Xs {]mWa-b-\mb ]pcp-js ico-cm-hnbpw A-cym-an-bpamb Bm-hm-bn-cn-p-p.

ChnsS at\m-a-b]pcpjs\ hn-n-cn-p-p. BZyw ]d {]mW-ab ]pcp-j-\n\npw `nhpw AXn-s\m kqvahpw Bb-Xp-Im-cWw AXns Dn hknp-Xp asmcp ]pcp-j-\m-Ip-p. AXns \ma-am-Ipp ""at\m-a-b''. B at\m-a-b-\m Cu {]mW-ab icocw ]q-am-Ip-p. AXm-bXv AXv Cu {]mW-ab ico-c-n k{X hym]n-n-cn-p-p. B at\m-ab ico-chpw ]pcpjs BIm-c-tm-Sp-Iq-Sn- b-Xm-Ip-p. {]mW- a-b- ]p-cp-j- \n A\p-K-X-\m-b-Xn-\ms Cu at\m-ab icocw ]pcp-jk-am-\-amb BIm-c- tm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-Xm-Ip-p. AXns\ ]nbpsS cq]-n C{]-Imcw hn`m-h\w sNpp B at\mab ]pcp-js incv bPpth-Z-am-Ip-p. EtKzZw heXp NndIpw kma-thZw CSXp Nnd-Ip-am-Ip-p. BtZiw (hn-[nhm-Iyw) ico-cns a[y-`m-Khpw AXp-t]mse AYmhv, AwKn-cv Fo aljn-am-cm Zin--s AYth-Z-a-{w-Xs hmepw B[m-chpw BIp-p. bm-Zn-I--fn bPpth-Z-nse a{-p {]m[m- \y-ap-v. CXp IqSmsX bmsXm- nse A- c-v bmsXmcp n]vX-kw-Jybpw Cm-Xn-cn-p-pthm bmsXmns ]mZ-]qnp bmsXmcp \nn-X-\n-ba--fp-an-mXn-cn- p-pthm A-s\- bp a{- sf "bPpthZ' On AK-X-am-bn--cp-Xp-p. Cu \nbaw A\p-k-cnv GsX- n-e p-samcp sshZn-I -h m-Iytam AYhm a{tam ""kzmlm'' ]Zw Ay-n tNv An-bn BlpXn kan-m B hmIy-ttbm a{-ttbm bPpv Fp ]d-bpw. C{]-Imcw bPpa-{-Zzm-cm-Xs Anv lhnv An--s-Sp--Xn-\m AhnsS bPpv {][m-\am-Ip-p. AwK--fn incpw {]m[m-\y-aln-p--Xpt]mse bPpth-Zs incpw Fp ]d-bp-XpNnX- ambn-cn-p-p. thZ-a-{--fpsS hw, ]Zw, hmIyw apXem-bhbpsS Dm-c-W-n\v BZyw a\-ns k- ev]-ap-W-cp-p. AXn-\m k-ev]m--I-hr-n-Zzmcm at\mab ]pcp-j-t\m-Sp-Iq-Snb thZ-a-{-p L\n-jvT-amb kw_- - ap-v. Chbvv at\m-ab ]pcp-js Ah-b-hfnXs m\w \I-s -n-cn- p- p. ico-c- n bmsXmcp m\w \I-s -n-c n-p- p. ico-c - n bmsXmcp m\w cp `pPp-m-bn-cn-p-pthm B kvYm\w Xs-bmWp at\m- ab ]pcp-js AwK--fn EtKz-Z-n\pw kma-th- Z-n-\p-ap--Xv. b-bm-Km-Zn-I-fn Ch-bpsS a{- Zzmcm kvXh-\hpw Io-\hpw \S-p-p. AXn-\m bPpth-Z-a-{-sf At]-nv Ch A{]-[m\--fm-Ip-p. Fn-cp-mepw `pP--sf-tmse b-fn {][m\ klm-b-I-fpw BIp-p. AXn-\m Chbvv `pP--fpsS cq]w \I-s-n-cn-p-p. BtZi (hn-[n) hmIyw thZ--fpsS Dn-em-Ip-p. AXn-\m Ah-Xp-Xs at\m-ab ]pcp-js AwK--fpsS a[y-`m-K-ambn ]d-bs-

Xkv a mZzm GX- k v a m- X v {]m-W - a -b m-Z t\ymc Bm at\m-a-bx. tXss\j ]qx. k hm Gj ]pcp-j-hn[ Gh. Xky ]pcp-j-hn-[-Xm-a-\zbw ]pcpj-hn-[x. Xky bPp-tch incx. EKvZ-nWx ]x.

127

I Sp-p. AYh-th-Z-n imnIw ]ujvSnIw BZn-bmb

hym]vX-am-bn-cn-p-Ibpw at\m-abw Xt-m app I- -fpsS km[-Ia-{-am-Ipp {]Xn-jvT-bpsS Imc-W- {]mW-a-bhpw A- a-b-hp-amb ico-c--fn hym]-I-am-bnam-bn-cn-p--Xv. AXn-\m AXns\ ]p-sapw {]Xn-jT- cn-p-Ibpw sNp-p. AXn- \m Cu hnPvRm\-amb Pohmv sbpw ]d-bp-Xv kYm bpn-kw-K-X-am-bn-cn-p-p. mhv icocw apgp-h hym]n-n-cn-p-p. Pohm--kz-cq-]k-ev]m-I hrn-Zzmcm at\m-ab ]pcp-js \nXy-kw- \mb t{X- ico- c-cq-]-am-Ip t{X- n k{X _w Ch-sb-m-n-t\m-Spw-Iq-Sn-bp-v. AXn-\m thZ-a- nXn-sN-p-p. Cu hn-\-am-b-amb Bmhpw \n{- AXns AwK-ambn ]d-bs-Sp-p. Cu Imcyw b-am-bn-s ]pcp-jm-Im-c-tm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bX m-Ip-p. B at\m-ab ]pcp-j-\n hym]n-n- cn-p-- Xn-\ms AXv Ftmgpw kvac-W- bn-ep-m-bn- cn--Ww. ]pcp-jm-Im-c-ambn ]d-b-s-Sp-p. B hnm-\-a-b-s ]n-bpsS cq]-n C{]-Imcw hn`m-h\w sNp-p. NXpYm-\ p-h mIw _pn-b psS \nn-X -h n-izm-k -c q-]-a mb hrnsb B btXm hmtNm \nh-t. A{]m]y a\km hnm-\m-m-hns ico-cns {][m\ AwK-cq-]-amb kl. B\w {_tWm hnZzm. \ _nt`Xn IZm- inc-mbn Iev]n-pp. Fp-sIm-s-m Cu ZrV-hnN-t\-Xn. Xsskyj Gh imcoc Bm bx ]q- izm-kw-Xs Hmtcm hnj-b-nepw D-Xn-bpsS Imc-W-amky. Ip-p. ]c-am--{]m-]vXn-bn-em-Is G-hp-amZyw CXns Cu a{- n {_m-\-s {Kln-n-p hnZzmam- Bhiyap- m-Ip-p. kZm-Nm-c-\n-bw CXns heXp cpsS aln-a-tbm-Sp-IqSn Ah-cpsS at\m-a-b-i-co-c-ns NndIpw kXy-`m- j-W- \n-bw CXns CS- Xp-]-hpw BIpamlm-y-tbpw {]I-Sn-n-p-p. ]c-{_ ]c-am-m- p. kXy`mj-W-\n-bw CXns CS-Xp-]-hpw BIphns bmsXmv kzcq-]-`q-X-am-bn-cn-p ]c-am-\--am-bn-cn- p. [ym\-Zzmcm ]c-am-m-hp-ambn kwbp--am-IpI Xs p-pthm Ahn-Sw-hsc a\- pw, hmWn BZn-bm-bp C{n- hnm-\-ab ico- c- ns a[y- `m- K- hpw. ""alv'' F \mab--fpsS kap-Zmb cq]-am-Ip at\m-ab ico-cn\v n {]kn--amb ]c-am-mhv hmepw B[m-chpw BIpFn-t-cp-hm Ign-bp-n-. Fm {_s {]m]n- p. Fp-sIm- s-m ]c- am- m-hp- Xs Pohm- m-hns p-- Xn\v km[-\-b-\p-jvTn-p a\p-jy\v CXv {_-tm- ]c-a-amb B{i-b-am-Ip-p. S-Sp-p--Xn\p {]tXyIw klm-bIam-Ip-p. Cu a\-pw, - C\n-bp a{--fn Cu hnm-\m-m-hns alnhmWn apX-em-bh km[-\m-]cm-b-W-]p-cp-js\ B ]c-{_- asb hn-n-cn-p-p. -ns hmXnhsc Fn-p-Ibpw AXn-s\-A-hnsS hnnv kzbw aS-n-hcn-Ibpw B km[-I At-ls ]-am- \ p- h mIw {]m]n-p-Ibpw sNp-p. {_-ns B\-a-b-kz-cq]s Adn-n-p m\nI Hcn-epw `b-`o-X-cm-Iphn m\ w b w X \ p- t X . I mW n n-. X\ptX]nN. hnm\w tZhmx kth. {_ at\m-ab ico-cnse A-cym-an-bmb Bmhpw Xkvam-t {]am-Zy-Xn. icotc ]m]vat\m lnXzm. ]qtm--amb A- c-k-a-b-i-co-c-n-tebpw {]mW-a-b-ikm Imam ka-iv\pX CXn. Xsskyj Gh co-c-n-sebpw A-cym-an-bmb Bmhpw B ]c-am-micoc Bm bx ]q-ky. hp- X-s-bm- Ip- p. Cu a{- n hnm-\-m-hns aln-am-h-\hpw Xkv a mZzm GX- k v a m- - t \m- a - b m- Z t\ymc {_-cq-]tm-Sp-Iq-Snb AXns D]m-k-\-bpsS ^ehpw Bm-h n- m-\ -a-b-k vtX-ss\j ]qx k hm ]d-bp-p. hnm-\-cq-]amb AXm-bXv _pn-tbm-Sp-IqSn Gj ]pcpj hn[ Gh. Xky ]pcp-j-hn-[-b-Xm-aX{Zp-]-amb Pohm-m-hp-Xs b-ns ip`-I-cq-]\zbw ]pcp-j -hn-[ x. Xky {issh incx. EXw amb ]pWy-sf hnkvXr-X-am-p-Xpw At\ym-\y-eu-InI ZnWx ]x. kXy-ap-cx ]x. tbmK Bm. I-sf A`n-hr-n-s-Sp-p-Xpw BIp-p. AXm-bXv alx ]pw {]Xn-jvTm. XZ-t]yj tmtIm `h-Xn. Pohm-m-hn \np-Xs Fm I-pw t{]c-WChnsS hnm-\-a-b]p-cp-js AXm-bXv hnm-\- e- `n-p-p. Fm C{n- b-fpw at\m-cq- ]-am-Ip tZh-Xbpw amb ico-c- ns A[n-jvTm- Xm- hmb Pohm-m-hns h- k- t{i- jT-amb {_- cq-]-n Cu hnm\ ab Pohmv \m-Ip-p. BZyw ]d-n-p at\m-ab ico-c-s- mfpw m-hn-s\-s tkh sNp-Ibpw AXm-Xp-I-fpsS {]hrCXp kqva-am-bn-cn-p-Xp ImcWw CXns Dn n-I hgn-bmbn CXn\p kpJw Fn-p-sIm-Sp-p-Ibpw hkn-p Bmhv A\y-am-Ip-p. hnm-\-amb ]pcp- sNp-p. GsX-nepw km[-I Cu hnm-\cq-]-amb j AXm-Ip-p. Cu at\m-ab icocw ]q-am-bn-cn-p- Bm-hn-s\-s {_-sap [cn-p-Ibpw Cu [mc-Wp. AXm-bXv Cu at\m-ab ico-cn AXp hym]vX- am- bn \npw sXn amdm-XncnpIbpw AXm-bXv B [mcbn-cn-p-p. AXm-bXv Cu at\m-ab ico-cn AXp W-bn sXp-m-Im-Xn-cn-p-Ibpw AYhm ico-cm-Zn-Ifn -

tPyjv T - a p- ] m- k - t X. hnm\w {_ tNtZz- Z .

128

I nX-am-bn-cn-p GI-tZ-io-bhpw AXp-t]mse _-kzcq-] -hp-amb {_s sXn- -c n-m-sX-bn-c n-p-Ibpw sNpp Fn Ah\v At\-I-P---fn-embn km-Znn-cn-p ]m]-k--bcq-]-amb ico-cs Dt]-n-nv Fm Znhy-t`m- K--tfbpw A\p-`-hn-p-hm Ign-bp-p. B hnm-\ - a - b -c q-] - n A- c ym-a n-b - b m- b n- c n- p Bmhv BZyw ]d-n-p A-c-k-a-b-q-e-i-co-cnepw {]mW-a-bcq-]-i-co-c-nepw at\m-ab cq] ico-cnepw nXn-sN-p B ]c-{_ ]c-ta-iz-c Xsbm-Ip-p.

jjvTm-\ p- h mIw

Akth k `h-X n. AkZv {_tXn thZ tNXv. AkvXn {_tXn tNtZz-Z. k-ta\w XtXm hnZp-cn-X n.
Cu a{ - n {_- ns k sb am\npXpsImpw am\n- m-Xn-cn-p--Xp-sImpw Df- hmIp ^ew hnh-cn-p-p. GsX-nepw a\p-jy {_w Ak-m-Ip-p, AXm-bXv {_lvatam Cuiz-ct\m C Fp \n-bn-p-I-bm-sW- n Ah km-c-ln-X-\mbn `hn-pp; AXm-bXv tkzm-Nm-cn-bmbn kZm-Nm-c-n \np {`jvS\pw \oN-{]-Ir-Xn-tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-h-\p-am-bn-o-cpp. GsX- nepw a\p- j y {_- ns bYm XXzs {Kln-msX {_-ap-sp kwi-b-c-ln-X-ambn hniz-kn-p-Ibpw AXm-bXv imkv{X--fnepw alm-m-\nI-fnepw ZrV-hn-izm-kap-Xp ImcWw Ahs lrZ-bn Cuiz-cs k-bn-t ]q-hn-izmkw DmIp-Ibpw sNp-p. Fn A-s\-bp a\p-jys\ m\n-bmbpw kXv]p-cp-j-\mbpw AwKo-I-cn- p-p. FpsIm-s-m ]c-a m-m- hn-s\-p-dn-p XXz-m-\ns BZy-]Sn At-l-ns k-bn-ep hnizm-kwX-s- bm-Ip-p. ]c-am-m-hns k-bn hniz-kn-p-sImn-cn-p-sa-n GsX-nepw Hcp kabw GsX-nepw alm]p-cp-js Ir]-bm km[-\-bn apgpIn a\p-jy\v Atls {]m]n-p-hm Ignbp-p.

XkvamZzm GX-k va m-Zzn- m-\ -a-b m-Zt\ymc Bm\-a-bx. tXss\j ]qx. khm Gj ]pcp-j-hn[ Gh. Xky ]pcp-j-hn-[-Xm-a-\zbw ]pcpj-hn-[x. Xky {]nb-t ah incx. tamtZm ZnWx ]x. {]tamZ D-cx-]-x. B\ Bm. {_ ]pw {]Xn-jvTm. XZ-t]yj tmtIm `h-Xn.
ChnsS B\--a-b\mb ]c-a-]p-cp-js\ hn-n-cn-pp. BZymw-i-n ]d-n- cn- p hnm-\-a- b- Po-hm- mhn \npw `n- ambn AXns Dn hkn- p thsdmcp Bm-hpv; B\--a-b]-c-am-mhv AXm-Ip-p. AXn-t\m-Sp-IqSn Cu hnm\ ab-]p-cp-j hym]n-n-cn-pp. AXm-bXv AXv CXns ]cn-]q-am- bn- cn- p-p. hmkvX-h-n At-lw-Xs kakvX ]pcp-j-m-cnepw D-a- \m-b- Xp- Im- cWw "]pcpj' F hmns\ A\zam- n-bn- cn-p-p. Atlw hnm-\-]p- cp-j-\p-Xpeyw BImc-tm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-h\pw BIp-p. B hnm\ ab ]pcp-j\n hym]vX- am-bXp ImcWw Atlw ]pcp-jm-Im-c\mbn ]d-b-s-Sp-p. ]n-bpsS cq]-I-n B B\--ab ]cta-iz-cs AwK--sf C{]-Imcw hn-n-cn-p-p. {]nb`mhw At-l-ns inc-m-Ip-p. B\--a-b-\mb ]c-ammhv Fm-hpw {]nb-\m-Ip-p. Fm Pohn-Ifpw B\s t{]an-pp; Fm-hcpw B\w B{K-ln-p-p. Fm Adn-p-Iq-Sm-Xp ImcWw {]m]n-p-hm Ignbp-n-. Cu "{]nb-`mhw' B\--a-b-\mb ]c-am-m-hns Hcp {][m-\mw-i-am-Ip-p. AXn-\m CXp-Xs At-lns {][m-\mw-K-amb inc-m-Ip-p. tamZw he-tXpw {]tamZw CS-tXpw Nnd-Ip-Ifm-Ip-p. B\-w-Xs ]cammhns a[ymw- Khpw AXp-t]mse {_w- Xs CXns hmepw B[m-chpw BIp-p. ]c-am-mhp Ah-bhc-ln-X- \m-bXp ImcWw At-l-ns cq]-tbpw AwK-tfbpw bYm-cq-]-n hnh-cn-p-hm km[n-p--X. Cu {]I-c-W-n hnm-\-a-b-n-\w Pohm-mshpw B\--a-b-n-\w ]c-am-mshpw AwKo-Icn--Ww. ASp A\p-hm-Inse a{- Cu B\--a-b-]c-am-m-hns hnj-bs hn-p--hbm-Ip-p. -

Xsskyj Gh imcoc Bmx b ]qh-ky.


ChnsS aph-a-\p-k-cnv B\-a-bs A-cmmhv kzbw B\--a-b-s\p ]d-b-s-Sp-p. Atlw B B\--ab {_-ns kzbw-i-co-c-hn- bmb A- cmm-hm-Ip-p. Fp-sIm-s-m At-l-n ico-cn\pw ssNX-\ y- n\pw bmsXmcp hyXym-k -h p-an bmsXmv t\ct ]d-n- cp A-c- k-a- bmZn Fm- ntbpw A-c ym-a n-b mb ]c- a m- m-h m-b n-c n- p- pth Atlw kzbw Xt-Xs A-cym-an-bm-Ipp; At-lns A-c yman am-c p-a m-I p- n- . CXn-\ m ap bmsXmpw ]d- bmsX B h-\m- ]-c--csb Chn- sS- s Ah- km-\n-n- p- p. kw_w apI-fn ]d- n-c n- p Awi- n {_s "AkXv' Fpw "kXv' Fpw am\n- p- - Xp- sImp ^ew ]d-p-I-gn-n-cn-p-p, AXns\ {ihn Hmtcm a\p-jytbpw a\-n bmsXmcp {]iv\w DZnppthm B {]iv\s \n-bn-nv B {_-ns k-bpsS {]Xn-]m-Z\w \S-p--Xn-\p-thn {ipXn kzbam-bn-s {]iv\w Ah-X-cn-n-p-p.

AYmtXm\p {]iv\mx. DXm-hn-Zzm-\apw temIw t{]Xy-I- \ K-Xo. Btlm hnZzm-\ apw temIw t{]Xy-I - n--a-i v\p-X m-D .

129

C\n ChnsS \npw D]-tNm-Zy- Bcw-`n-p-p. AXn BZy {]iv\w Fs-m {_w Dsn AXns\ Adn-bm Bsc-nepw acnp ]c-tem-I-n t]mIp-ptm Ctbm? cm-as {]iv\w {_s Adn-bp GsX-nepw m\n ac-Wm-\cw ]c-temIw {]m]n-p-ptm Ctbm? B hnZzm-mcpw {]m]n-p-n. AXn-\m Cu aqm-as {]iv\w hnZzm-m (m-\nI) {_s A\p-`hn-p-ptm Ctbm? Ch-bpsS adp- ]-Sn-bmbn {_s krjvSn-bpsS Imc- W-ambn ]d-psImv AXns k-sb, BkvXn-Iy-s, hy-am-pp. ]ns "XXvkXyw CXym-N-tX...' Cu hmIy-Zmcm {ipXn kv]jvS-kz-cq-]-n At- l-ns ksb {]Xn]m-Zn-p-p. Ggmw A\p-hm-Iy-n Hp-IqSn kv]jvSamb hN-\ e`n-pp "tIm tlyhm-\yX? Ix {]mWymXv? btZj BImi B\t\m \ kymXv.' AXm-bXv CXv BIm-i-a-b-\mb ]c-am-m-hm- bn-cn-p- n-s-n Bcp Pohn- pp? Bp {]hn-p-hm Ignbpp? AXmbXv Pohn-I-fpsS {]mW\pw Ne-\hpw ]c-am-m-hns\ B{ibn-n-cn-p-p. cm-as {]iv\-n-\p--c-ambn Ggmw A\p-hm-Iy-n Cmcyw hym-n-bn-cn-p-p, a\pjy ]c-am-m-hns\ ]q-ambn Adn-bm-Xn-cn-p-pthm At-ls Aev]-X-am-{X-am- bn-tmepw kwi-bn-p-pthm AXp-hsc Ah P\-\-a-c-W--fn\npw tamNn--s-Spn-. aqm-as {]iv\-n- \p--c-ambn Fmw A\p-hmI-ns D]-kw-lm-c-n {ipXn kzbw ]d-bpp: "k b Ghw hnXv... B\--a-b-am-m-\-ap-]-kw-{Im-aXn' AXm-bXv "bmsXm-cp- C{]-Imcw ]c-am-m-hns\ Adn-bp-p-thm Ah {Ia-ambn A-a-bw, {]mW-abw BZn-bm-b-hsb {]m]n-p-sImv Ah-km\w B\--a-b-\mb ]ctaizcs\ {]m]n-p-p.' kw_- w Cu {]iv\--fpsS D-c-ambn {ipXn {_ns kzcq-]hpw inbpw hn-nv BZys A\phm-I-n bmsXmv kwt-]ambn krjvSn-bpsS D{I-as hnh-cn-pthm AXn-t\bpw hni-Z-ambn {Kln-n-pp.

tIp-Xpw Bb Fm PU-tN-X-\m-ab PK-ns\ krjvSn-p. AXm-bXv CXns k-e]-a-b-amb cq]w \nnv p. AXn\ptijw kzbw AXn {]th-in- p. Xn\npw D--amb Cu PK-n B ]c-ta-iz-c apt-Xs {]hn-jS- \m-bn-cp-p. Cu PKv At-l-n-s- Xs kzcqv ]-am-bn-cp--tm AXn Atlw {]hn-jS-am-I-W-am-bn-cpv n-. Fn-cp-mepw PU-tN-X-\m-a-b-amb PK-n Bkz-cq-]-m ]cn-]q-amb B ]c-{_ ]c-ta-iz-cs hnti-j-kz-cq]w At-l-ns A-cym-an-bmb kzcq-]ns AS- bmfw kv]jvS-am-p--Xn-\p-thn "Cu PKns\ krjvSn-nv Atlw AXn kzbw IpSn-sImpp' Fp Imcyw ]d-n-cn-p-p. {]hn-jS-am-b-Xnv \p-tijw Atlw aqhpw Aaq-hp-amb cq]-n AXm-bXv ImW-s-Sp ]rYzn, Pew, tXPv Fo `qX-fpsS cq]- nepw AXp-t]mse hmbp, BImiw Cs\ ImW-s-Sm `qX--fpsS cq]-nepw {]Xy--s-p. ]noSp hn--s-Sp-hm Ign-bp hn[-nepw hn-s- Sp-hm Ign-bm--hn-[-nepw hnhn[ hkvXp--fmbn cq]m--c-s-p. CXp-t]m-se-Xs B{ibw \evIp-Xpw \I-s-Sm--Xp-ambn tNX-\bpw PUhpw Cs\ Fm cq]-nepw GI- \mb kXy- kz-cq] ]c- ta- iz-c Xs ]e \ma--tfbpw cq]--tfbpw kzoI-cnp {]Xy--am-bn. B GI-\mb ]c-am-m-hp-Xs \bpw Xnbpw Bb Fm cq]-n- ep-am-bn-op. AXp-Im-cWw PvRm\n-I ]d-bpp "Cu ImWp-Ibpw tIp-Ibpw {Kln-p-Ibpw sNp Fm-nepw kXy- kz-cq-]-\mb ]c- am-m-hp-Xs nXn-sN-pp' Fv.

k]vX - am-\ p- h mIw


AkZzm CZ-a{K Bko-Xv. XtXm ssh kZ-Pm-bX. XZm- m\w kzb-a-Ip-c p-X . Xkvam--p-Ir-X ap-NyX CXn.
kqva-q-e-cq]fn {]I-S-am-Ip--Xn\p apv Cu PU-tN-X-\m-a-bamb PKv AkXv AXm-bXv Ahy--cq]-n Bbn-cp-p, B Ahy-m-h- -bn \np-Xs kXv AXm-bXv \ma-cq-]a-bhpw PU-tN-X-\m--Ihp-amb {]Xy PKv D- hn- p. ]c-am- mhv Xs-s kzbw Cu PU-tN-X-\m--Iamb PK-ns cq]-n Bn-bncn-p-p. AXn-\m At-lns \maw "kpIrXw' (X-ms\ Dm-b-Xv) Fm-bn-op.

tkmIma-b-X. _lp kymw {]Pm-tb-tb-Xn. k X t]mX]y-X. k X]-kvXz]vXm CZw kh-a-krPX bZnZw InwN. XXvkrjvSzm XtZ-hm-\p-{]m-hn-iXv. XZ-\p-{]-hniy k Xym-`hXv. \ncpw Nm\ncp- w. N. \ne-b\w Nm\n-e-b-\w N. hnm\w Nmhn-m\w N. kXyw Nm\rXw N kXy-a-`h-Xv. bZnZw Iow N. X-Xy-anXym N-tX. XZ-t]yj tmtIm `h-Xn.

Rm \m\m cq]- n P\np hf- s c- b - [ n- I ambnocpw Fv Bcw-`-n ]c-{_--]-c- ta-iz-c hnNmap]-d h-\-n "kpIrX' \ma-n ]d-bcn- n-cp-p. Cu hnNm- c-tm-Sp- IqSn Atlw X]-p-sN-bvXp. s B ]c- {_ ]c- am-mhv hmkvX- h- n ck-kz- cq] AXm-bXv Pohn-IfpsS I-a-\p-k-cnv krjvSn \S--Wsapw k-ev]n-p. C{]-Imcw k-ev]nv Cm-Wp-Xpw (B-\-a-b) BIp-p. Ct-lw-Xs hmkvX-hn-I-amb

bssZz Xp-IrXw ctkm ssh kx. ckw-tlhmbw e_v[zm\o `h-Xn. tIm tlyhm-\ym-Ix {]mWymZv btZj BImi B\tm \ kymXv. Gj tly hm\-bm-Xn. -

130

I B\w

BIp-p. Fp-sIm-s-m A\m-Zn-Imew apX P\-\-a-c-W--fm-Ip tLmc-Zpx-J-sf A\p-`-hn-ph-cp Cu Pohm-mhv Cu ck-ab {_s {]m]n-pXs B\- -bp--am-bn- o-cp-p. Cu ]c-am-\-\-- a-b-\mb ]c-ta- iz-c-t\mSv CXns kwtbmKw \S-m-Xn- cn-p- - Xp-hsc CXn\p bmsXmcp hn[-nepw ]qm-\-w, \nXym-\-w, AJ-WvUm-\-w, A\-m-\w Ch {]m]n-p-hm km[np-n- . CXp-sIm-p-Xs B hmkvX-hnI B\-- kz-cq] ]c-am-m-hns AkvXn-Xzs kt-lc-ln-X-ambn {Klnp-hm Ign-bpp; Fp-sIm-s- m Ctlw BImi-t-tmse hym]-I- \mb B\--]-c-a m-m-hm-Ip-n-sn Bv Pohn-p-hm Ign-bpp; GXp {]mW\p Nenp-hm Ign-bp-p. am{X-a AJn-e-ntbpw PohnXw \n-ln-p--Xn-\p Fm hyh- Ifpw sNbvXn-cn-pXv Atlw Xs-bm-Ip-p. IqSm-sX, Cu PK-ns Fm `uXn-I-{In-b-Ifpw \nb-an-Xhpw hyh-n-X-hp-amb coXn- bn \S-p- Xv Fs\ km[n- pp? AXn- \m a\pjy CXv ZrV-X- tbm-Sp-IqSn hniz-kn--Ww. Cu PK-n\v {kjvSmhpw cn-Xm-hp-ambn ]c-{_-]-c-ta-iz-c \nbambpw thWw. AXp-t]mse kt-i-cln-X-ambn Cu ]c{_ ]c-am-mhv Fm-hpw B\w {]Zm-\w-sN-p-p. B\- -kz-cq-]\pw GI-a m-{X-\p-amb ]c-am-m-hp--tm amv B\w {]Zm\w sNp-hm Ignbpw?

hn ]q-nXn {]m]n-m kabw hsc, `K-hms\ \nc-cw kvacn-m-Xn-cn-p--Xp-hsc Cu ]p\--`bw P\-\-a-c-W-`bw Fm-hp-ap-m-Ipw. Hcp-h henb hnZzmt\m imkv{X-t\m kzbw henb m\nsbm ]WvUn-Xt\m BIp-n-. Fp-sIm-s-m B ]c-taiz-c Fm-h-cpsS taepw `cWw \S-pp; At-lns `c-W-i-n-sImp temI-nse Fm hyh-Ifpw \nb-an-X-cq-]n Nen-p-sIm-n-cn-p-p. -

AjvT-am-\ p-h mIw


kw_w Ign A\p-hm-I-n ]d-n-p a{-fpsS eys Dt- J\w sNp-p.

`ojm-k vam-ZzmXx ]h-t X. `otjm-t ZXn kqcyx `ojm- k v am-Z - n-t - {- . arXyp[m- h Xn ]a CXn.

Cu ]c-{_ ]c-ta-iz-c-t\m-Sp `bw-sImp ]h-\ \nb-a m-\p-k-cWw Nen-p-p. At-l-tm-Sp `bwsImp kqcy IrXy-k-a-bp DZn-p-Ibpw IrXy-kabv AkvX-an-p-Ibpw sNp-p. AXp-t]mse At-ltm-Sp `bw-sImv An, C{, Am-as arXyp Ch-sbmw Ah-c-hcpsS Imcy- \nb-a-]qw kphyh-n-Xambn sNbvXp-sIm-n-cn-p-p. Ch-bp-sS-sbmw bZm-tly-s shj GX- k va n- Zrtiy\mty hyh--I sNp--Xmbn Ch-bvsmw t{]c-I-ambn \ncpt\ne-bt\`bw {]XnjvTmw hn-tX. AY Bscnep-an-s-n Cu PK-ns Imcy- Fs\ tkm`bw KtXm-`h-Xn. \S-pw. Ch-sbmw krjvSn--h\pw Fm-tbpw bYmB ]c-{_ ]c-ta-iz-cs\ {]m]n-p- -Xn-\-`n-e-jn-p-- tbmKyw \nb-aa\pk-cnv shp-sIm-n-cn- p--h-\p-amb h Hcn-epw ImW-s-Sm-, hnh-cn-p-hm kmyam- GtXm Hcp kXy-m-\m-\--kz-cq-]-]-c-{_-, ]c-am-mhv , Bscbpw B{ibn-m-, ico-c-c-ln-X-\mb ]c-{_ \n-b-ambpw Dspw At-ls a\p-jy\p \n-b]c-am-m-hn \n`b (A-hn-N-e) nXn-{]m-]n-p-p. B ambpw {]m]n-p-hm Ign-bp-sapw CXn\npw kv]jvSkabw Ah \n`-b-]-Zs {]m]n-p-p. Fs-t-p- am-Ip-p. ambn `b-n\npw timI-n \npw ap-cm-bn-o- kw_w B\--kz-cq-]-\mb B ]c-{_-]-c-am-mcp-p. hns Cu B\w F{X-bp-v, F-s\-bpv? Cu B{K-

bZm tlysshj GX-kvan-p-Z-c-a-cw Ipcp-tX. AY Xky `bw `h-Xn. Xtzh `bw hnZptjm a\zm-\-ky. XZ-t]yj tmtIm `h-Xn.
Cu Pohm-mhv B ]c-{_ ]c-am-m-hn \npw Aev]-amb A-c-tm-Sp-IqSn Ftm apX hkn-ppthm AXm-bXv At-l-n ]q-nXn {]m]n-mXn-cn-p-Ibpw At-ls \nc-cw kvacn-m-Xn-cn-pIbpw At-ls Aev]-t\-c-t-bvp-am-{X-sa-nepw adp-t]m-Ip-Ibpw sNp-pthm AXp-hsc Ahs\ kw_n-n-S-tmfw `bw AXm-bXv Ahs ]p\Pw Xobmbpw Dm-Ipw. Fp-sIm-s-m Ah ]c-am-mhn nX-\m-Im-Xn-cn-p-Ibpw Ah `K-hms\ adp Pohn-p-Ibpw sNp-tm Ahs acWw kw`-hn-p-Ibm-sW-n ]ns Ahs An-a-kw-kvIm-ca-\p-k-cnp P\\w Dm-Ip-sa-p-Xp \n-b-am-W.v ]c-am-m-

l-\n-hr-nv B\-hn-j-b-Iamb Nn Bcw-`n-pp -

sskjm\ky aoamwkm `hXn. bphm kymm-[ p-bp-hm-[ ym-b I BinjvtTm {ZVnjv tTm _en-j v T-k vX -tkybw ]rYnho khm hnky ]qm kymXv. k GtIm-am-\pj B\-x.
Cu h-\-bn B B\-ns N-bm-cw-`n-p-Xn-\p kqN\ \In-bnv k-{]-Y-a-ambn a\p-jy-temI-ns t`mK--fn\npw e`n-p-hm kmy-X-bp Ghpw D-X-amb B\-s hn`mh\w sNp-p. Hcp bphm-h mb a\p-jy, AXpw A--s \-bn--s\-b p km[m-cW bphm-hm-cn-p-n-. kZm-Nm-cnbpw kkz-`mhnbpw D-X-Ip-ene P\n-h\p-am-bn-cn--s, Ah - Fm thZ--fp-tSbpw hnZy e`n-n-p--h\pw AXp-t]mse in-W-n {_-Nm-cn- Iv D]-tZiw \Ip-- Xn Ipi-e\pw Bbn-cn--s, Ah-s Fm AwK-fpw

131

I C\v{Zn-b-fpw tcmK-c-ln-X-fpw Ign-hp-Xpw kpZr-Vhpw

cp-\v AXns Bh-iy-I-X-bn-m-Xn-cn-p-pthm B Fm {]Im- nepw in- k---hp-am-bn- cn- - s. ]ns [\- t{im{Xn-b\v thZ-c-lkyw {Kln-n-p hnc-\v B k--m \nd-bs Cu ]q-amb PKv Ahs B\w kzm`m-hn-I-ambpw e`n-p-p. A[o-\-n- em-hp-Ibpw BsW-n B a\p-jys kpJw tX tb iXw ]nXrWmw Nnc-tem-I-tem-I m\m Ghpw hep-Xm-Ip-p. CXp am\-h-tem-I-ns Ghpw am\-mx. k GI B Pm\-Pm\mw tZhm-\m-am-\-x. henb B\-am-Ip-p. -

t{im{Xnb ky NmIm-a-l-X-ky.

Cu h-\-bn Nnc-m-bn-bmb temI-n hknp Znhy-m-cmb ]nXr--fpsS B\-s At]-nv "BPm-\P' F t]cn- e- dn- b-s- Sp tZh- m- cpsS B\- s a\pjy tbm\n-bn D-a-I- -f-\p-jTnv K- \qdn-c-n-bmbn ]d-n-cn-p-p. apI-fn hn-n-cn-p v `m-hs {]m]n--hs\ ""a\p- jy-K-'' Fp ]d- bp-p. Nnc-m-bn-bmb temI-n hkn-p ]nXr--fpsS ChnsS Chs B\w apI-fn ]d-n-cn-p a\p- B\w \qsdw Hn-p- Iq-Sp A{Xbpw "BPm-\P' F jys B\-t- m \qdn-c-n-sbp ]d-b-s-Sp-p. tZh-m-cpsS B\--n\v hnIm-k-ap-m-Ip-p. tZh-tem-IbmsXmcp a\p-jy-kw-_- n-bmb B\-s BZyw hn- se Hcp {]tXyI m\-ns \ma-amWv "BPm-\-P.' pthm As\ Hcp \qsdw Hnp IqSp Iqs Ahn-Sps tZh-I kvarXn-I-fn {]Xn-]m-Zn--s-n-cna\p- jy-K-s B\- - tmSv Xpey-s- Sp-mw. Fm p GtXm ]pWy-I- ImcWw AhnsS krjvSnBZyw ]d a\p-jy-tem-Ins t`mK- apX -s-n-cn-p-p. Ahsc BPm-\-P-m Fp ]d-bp-p. K-tem-I-ns t`mK- hsc-bp Zpjn B{K- bmsXm-cp- Cu temIw-h-sc- bp t`mKfn Bkl--fn\np hnc--amWv t{im{Xn-b AYhm thZ- -\m-Im-sX-bn-cn-p-pthm AXm-bXv bmsXm-cp- Cu . B t{im{Xn-b\v thZ--]p-cp-j-\,v kzm`m-hn-Iam- B\-s Xp-am-bn--cpXn AXn-t\mSv hnc--\m-bn-cn-ppthm B thZ-m-\n-bmb hnc-s\ kw_-n-n-Sbn-s B\w e`n-p-p. tmfw B B\w kz`m-h-kn--am-Ip-p.

tX tb iXw am\pjm B\- mx. k GtIm a\pjy Km-Wm-am-\- x. t{im{Xn-bky NmIma-l -X -k y.

tX tb iXw a\p-jy-K-hm-Wm-am-\-mx. k GtIm tZh- K - hm- W m- a m- \ x t{im{Xn- b ky NmIm-a-l -X -ky.

Cu h- \ - b n BZyw ]d- n- p a\pjy Ks\ At]-nv tZh-K-s B\-s \qdncn Fp ]d-n-cn-p-p. bmsXmcp a\p-jy-K-s B\-s apI-fn hn- n-c n-p-pthm As\ \qsdw Hn-p-Iq-Sp B\--n\p Xpey-amWv krjvSnbpsS Bcw`w apXep tZh-Pm-Xob K-cq-]n P\n-n-p Hcp Pohn-p--Xv. AXp-t]mse bmsXmcp a\pjy Cu B\-m- `n- em- j-m tamln- X-\m-bn- cn- p- pthm AXm-bXv bmsXm-cp-\v CXns Bhiyw Cm-Xn-cn-ppthm bmsXm-cp- thZ-- fnse D]-tZ-i-sf lrZ- bwK- a-ambn kzoI- cn-n-cn-p- pthm A-s\- bp hnZzm\v Cu B\w kzm`m-hn-I-ambn e`n-p-p.

tX tb iX-am-Pm-\-Pm\mw tZhmx \mam-\-mx. k GI I tZhm\mw tZhm- \ m- a m- \ - x. tb IWm tZhm-\-]n-b-n. t{im-{Xn-bky NmIm-a-lX-k y.


Cu h-\-bn BPm-\-P-tZ-h-m-cpsS B\-tm I-tZ-h-XIfpsS B\-s \qdn-c- n-bmbn ]d-ncn- p-p. apIfn hn-n- cn-p BPm-\-P-tZ-h-XIfpsS B\--s-m \qdn-cn aln-atbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-XmWv thtZm--fmb I- hgn a\p-jy-tbm-\n-bn \npw tZh`mhw {]m]n- n-p B I- tZ-h- XIfpsS B\-w. bmsXmcp- B I- tZ-h-X-I- hsc-bp B\-s A`n-ejn-m-sX-bn-cn-p-pthm AXm-bXv bmsXm-cp-\v tZhtemIw hsc-bp t`mK- Bhiyan-m-Xn-cn-p-pthm thZ-c-l-kys {Kln-n-p B hnc--]p-cp-js\ kw_n-n-S-tmfw B B\w P-kn--am-Ip-p.

tX tb iXw tZh-K-m-Wm-am-\mx k GIx ]nXrWmw Nnc-tem-I-tem-Im-\m-am-\-x. t{im{Xn-bky NmIm-a-l -X -ky.


Cu h-\-bn tZh-K--m-cpsS B\-s At]- np Nnc-m-bn-bmb ]nXr-tem-Is {]m]np Znhy-m- cmb ]nXr--fpsS B\-s \qdn- c- n-bmbn ]d-ncn-p-p. apI-fn hn-n-cn-p tZh-K--m-cpsS B\--ns \qdn-c-n-bm-bn-cn-p-p. Nnc-m-bn-bmb ]nXr-tem-I-se Znhy-m-cmb ]nXr--fpsS B\--ns cq]w. AXp-t]mse bmsXm-cp- B temI-ns A`nem- j-m tamln-X-\m- Im-Xn-cn-p- pthm AXm-bXv bmsXm-

tX tb iXw I-tZ-h\mw tZhm-\ m-am-\- mx. k GtIm tZh-\m-am-\-x. t{im{Xn-bky NmIm-a-lX-k y.


Cu h-\-bn I- tZ-hs\ At]-nv krjvSn-Ime- n mbo-`m-htm-Sp-IqSn krjvSn--s-n-p--hcpsS, kzm`m-hn-I-amb tZh`mh-tm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-h-cp-sS, B\s \qdn-c- n-bmbn ]d- bp-p. apIfn hn-- s-np I-tZ-h-m-cpsS B\--t-m \qdp-aSmWv kz`m-hkn--cmb tZh-X-IfpsS B\-w. bmsXm-cp- kz`mh kn-cmb tZh-XIfpsS t`mKm-\-s B{K- ln-m-Xn-cn-p-

132

I pthm AXm-bXv bmsXm-cp- AXn-s\bpw teiw-

G-hp-am-Zy-am-bp--hn lnc-Wy-K`-{_-m-hns Hcm-\-w. t]mepw A`n-e-jn- m- Xn-cn- p-p- thm, thZ- c- l- kys {Kln- AXp-t]mse bmsXmcp a\p-jy B {_m-hns ]Zn- p B \njvma hnc-s\ kw_-n- n-S-tmfw B n\npw e`y-am-Im-hp t`mK-kp-J--fpsS B{K-l-anB\w P-kn--am-Ipp. m- - h- \m-bn- cn-p- pthm bmsXm- cp- Ah A\n-Xyhpw Xphpw Fp IcpXn AXn-t\mSp hnc--\m-bn-o-cptX tb iXw tZhm-\ m-am-\-mx. k GI C{pthm bmsXm- cp-\v ]c-am- \-- kz-cq-]-\mb ]c-{_- s kym-\-x. t{im{Xn-bky NmIm-a-l-X -ky. {]m]n-p--Xn\v DXv-S-amb A`nemjw Dm-Ip-pthm Cu h-\-bn ap]-d kz`mh kn-cmb tZh- thZ-c-l-kys {Kln-n-p B hnc--]p-cp-j\v B X-I-fpsS B\-ns \qdn-cn-bmWv C{s B\w B\w kzXx-kn--am-Wv. Fp ]d-b-s-Sp-p. apI-fn hnh-cn-n-cn-p tZh-X-IC{]-Imcw Hn-\p-ta asm-m-bn-p B\--ns fpsS B\w As\ \qsdw Hn-p-Iq-Sn-bm Dn-SB[n-Iys hnp hnv Ghpw D]-cn-bmb lnctm-f-amWv C{-`m-hs {]m]n-n-p tZh-X-I-fpsS HcmWy-K`-ns B\-s hnh-cn-p-sImv Cu temI\-w. bmsXm-cp- Cu C{-t`m-Km-\-s B{K-ln-mn GsXmw B\-- Zin-p--Xn\pw {ihn-pXn-cn-p-pthm AXm-bXv bmsXm-cp- Cu C{-kp-J-Xn\pw Bkz-Zn-p--Xn-\p-am-bn-ptm Ah F{X-am{Xw t-tmepw Imwn- m-Xn-cn-p-p-thm AXns\ Xp-amta-tb-dn-b-Xm-bn-cn--s, Ah-sb-mw-X-s, B ]qm-\bn--cpXn AXn-t\mSv hnc--\m-bn-o-cp-pthm thZ-c- kz- cq- ]-\mb ]c-am-m-hns B\- -tmSp Xpe\w sNpl-kys {Kln-n-p B \njvIm-a-]p-cp-j\m-Is B tm tIhew Xp-am-sW `mhw kv]jvS-am-Ip-p. B\w kzXx-kn--am-Wv.

tX tb iX-an-{-kym-\ - mx. k GtIm _rlkv]-tX-cm-\- x. t{im{Xn-bky NmIm-a-l-Xky. Cu h-\-bn C{s B\-s-m \qdn-cnbmWp _rl-kv]-Xn-bpsS B\w Fp ]d-bp-p. apIfn hn-n-cn-p C{s B\w \qsdw HnpIq-Sp--Xn\p Xpey-amWv _rl-k]-Xn-bpsS ]Z-hnsb {]m]nv n-p tZh-X-bpsS B\-w. Fm bmsXmcp a\p-jy _rl-kv]-Xn-bpsS t`mKm-\-tbpw Cn-m-Xn-cn-ppthm B t`mKm-\- -tbpw A\n-Xy-am- b-Xp-Im-cWw Xpam-bn--cpXn AXn-t\mSp hnc--\m-bn-o-cp-pthm thZ-cl-kys {Kln-n-cn-p B \njvm-a-a-\p-jy\v B B\w P- {]m-]vX-am-W.v

kb- mbw ]pcptj bm- k m- h m- Z ntXy k GIx. k b Ghw hnZ-kvam-t-mIm-Xvt{]-Xy. GX-a-a-b-am-m-\-ap-]-kw-{Im-a-Xn. GXw {]mW-a-b-amXv am\-ap-]-kw-{Im-a-Xn. GXw at\m-a-b-am-m-\-ap-]-kw{Im-a-X n. GXw hnm-\ -a-b-am- m-\-ap-]-kw-{Im-aXn. GX-am-\--a-b-am-m-\-ap-]-kw-{Im-a-Xn. XZ-t]yj tmtIm `h-Xn.

apI-fn ]d-n-cn-p Fm B\---fp-tSbpw GIam{Xm tI{w ]c-am-\--kz-cq-]-\mb ]c-{_-]-c-am-m-hpX-s. AJn-e-n-sbpw A-cym-an-bm-bn-cn-p a\p-jycn nXn-sN-p ]c-am-m-hp-Xs kqcy-\nepw nXnsN-p-p. Atlw Fm- n-tbpw A-cym-an-b mb GI Xs-bm-Ip-p. bmsXm-cp- C{]-Imcw {Kln-ntX tb iXw _rl-k v]-tX-cm-\- mx. k GIx cn-p-pthm ac-Wm-\-cw Ah Cu a\p-jy-i- cocw Dt]{]Pm-]-tX-cm-\-x. t{im{Xn-bky NmIm-a-l-X-ky. nv aphn-n-p A-a-b, {]mW-a-b, at\m-a-b, - Cu h-\-bn _rl-k]-Xn-bpsS B\--t-m hnm-\-a-b, B\-a-bamb Bm-hns\ {]m]n-p-p. v \qdn-cn hep-XmWv {]Pm-]- Xn-bpsS B\w Fp ]d- bp-p. AXm-bXv Ch-bpw GXm-mhpw BcpsS kzcq-]-hp-amapI-fn hn-n-cn-p _rl-kv]-Xn-bpsS B\--t- Ip- pthm B ]c-{_--]- c-am-m-hns\ {]m]n-pp Fp tmse \qsdw Hnp IqSp--Xn\p Xpey-amWp {]Pm-]- Xmev]-cyw. BZy-ambn Cu An-t\bpw hn kabw Xn-bpsS m\-s- p tZh-X-bpsS B\-w. Fm AJn-en-tbpw ico-cm-hn-bmb Bmhv AbmsXmcp a\p-jy Cu {]Pm-]-Xn-bpsS B\-s B{K- cym-an-bmb ]c-ta-iz-cs\ ]d-n-cp-p. X^-e-ambn Atln-m-Xn-cn-p-pthm AXn\npw hnc--\m-bn--gn-bp- l-ns {]m]vXn-bp-m-Ip-p. Atlw Xs {_-amp-thm, thZ-c- l-kys Adn-bp B \njvm-a-a-\p-jy- Ip-p. CXp a\-n-em-p--Xn-\p-thn ChnsS As-tbpw {Ia-{]-Imcw {]m]n-t Imcyw ]d-n- cn- p-p. \m-Is Cu B\w kzm`m-hn-I-ambpw {]m]vX-am-Ip-p. hmkvX-h- n Cu {Ia-{]-Imcw {]m]n- - W- sap ]d- Xv tX tb iXw {]Pm-] -tX-c m-\ - mx. k GtIm icn-b-. Fp-sIm-s-m A-a-b-amb ico-c-s-bm{_W B\x t{im{Xn-bky NmIm-a-l-X-ky. Is Ah t\c-t-Xs {]m]n-pIgnn-cn-p-p. Cu h-\-bn {]Pm-]-Xn-bpsS B\-s-mfpw AXns\ Dt]-np t]mb-Xn-\p-tijw {]m]n-p ^ew lnc-Wy-K`-{_-m-hns B\-s \qdn-c-n-bmbn hn- ]c-am-m-hp-X-s-bm-Ipp; ico-c-am-Ip-n- . ChnsS Ap-p. apI-fn hn-n-cn-p {]Pm-]-Xn-bpsS B\-- a-bm-Zn-I-fpsS A-cym-an-bmb ]c-am-m-hns {]m]vXn-sbt-m \qdn-cn hep-XmWv krjvSn-bpsS Bcw-`-n -n-s ]d-bp-p. Ah-sb-m-nepw ]cn-]q\pw

133

I k-kz-cq-]\pw AJn-e-n-tbpw Bmhpw ]c-am-\-\h-am-\ p-hmIw

N. Aw {]mWw Npx t{im{Xw at\m hmN-ankz-cq-]hpw Bb ]c-{_-s {]m]n-pI Fp--XmWv Xn. Xw tlmhm- N . btXm hm Cam\n `qXm\n Cu ^e-{ip-Xn-bpsS Xmev]-cyw. ASp A\p-hm-Z-I-n Pmbt tb\ PmXm\n Poh-n. bXv {]b-y-`nCu hnjbw {]Xn-]m-Zn-p-p. kw-hn-i-n. XZznPn mk-kz. XZv {_t-Xn. k Xt]mX]y-X. k X]-kvX-]vXzm.

hcp-Ws ]p{X- \mbn `rKp F \ma-tm- Sp-IqSn {]kn-\mb Hcp aljn Dm-bn- cp-p. At-l-ns a\-n btXm hmtNm \nht A{]m]y ]c-am- m-hns\ Adn-bp--Xn\pw {]m]n-p--Xn-\p-ap a\km kl. D- S-amb A`n-emjw Dm-bn. Atm Atlw Xs B\w {_tWm hnZzm \ ]nXm-hmb hcp-Ws ASp- sNp. At-l-ns _nt`Xn IpXt\-Xn. ]nXm-hmb hcp-W thZ-sf {Kln-n-p-h\pw {_- m-\nbpamb alm-]p- cp- j- \m-bn-cp- p. AXn-\m `rKp- hn\v Cu a{-n ]c-{_--]-c-am-m-hns ]c-am-\--kzcq-]s Adn-bp--Xp-sIm-p-m-Ip ^f- s- n ]d-bp- asmcp BNm-cys ASp- t]mtI Bh-iy-an-m-bn. a\-pssSbp Fm C{n-b-fpw AXns\ {]m]n- cp-p. hcp- Ws kao]w sNv `rKp C{]- Imcw {]mnp msX Ahn-sS-\npw aS-n-h-cp-p. bmsXmcp {_m-\- "`K- h, Rm {_s Adn- bp-hm- \m-{K- ln-pp; BIs Adn-bp--Xn\p in Cu C{n-bpw a\- bm Zbhpmbn Av {_-XXzw Fs {Kln-n-mn\pw Cm-Xn-cn- p-pthm B ]c- {_- - ]- c-am- m- hns B epw. Atm hcp-W `rKp-hn-t\mSp ]dp "{]nbm B\-s {Kln-n-p m\n-I-fmb alm-]p-cp-j-m Aw, {]mW, t\{Xw, t{im{Xw, a\-v, hmWn Ch- sbmw Hcn-epw Btcbpw `b-s-Sp-n-. Ah Ftmgpw \n`- Xs {_-ns D]-e-_v[n-p hmXn-ep-I-fm-Ip-p. Ch-sb-m-nepw {_-ns k kv^pcn-p-sIm-nb- cm-bn- cn-p-p. cn-p-p. ""{]Xy--ambn ImW-s-Sp Fm Pohn-Ifpw GXw l hmh \ X]-Xn. Inalw km[p \mI-c- bmsXm-cp--\n\npw D-hn-pthm D-hn-nv bmsXmhw. Inalw ]m]-a-I-c-h-a n-Xn. k b Ghw hnZzm- cp-s kl-tbm-K-tm-Sp-Iq-Sn, bmsXm-cp-s _ew t\tX B m\w kv] rWp-tX. Dt` tlysshj {]m]n-p-sImv Pohn-p-p-hthm Poh-t\m-]-tbmK IGtX Bm\w kv]rWp-tX. b Ghw thZ. CXyp- \S-p--Xn ka-cm-bn-cn-p-Ibpw alm-{]-f-b]-\n-j -X v. Im- e- n bmsXm- cp--\n hnebw {]m]n-p- Ibpw sNpm\nIfmb alm-]p-cp-j-mp bmsXmcp hn[-n- pthm At-ls icnv Adn-bp--Xn\v B{K-ln-q.'' ep-ap timI-fpw Dm-Ip-n-sv Cu h-\-bn C{Xbpw IqSn ]d-p- sIm- Sp-p. ""Atlw Xs- bm-Ipp hy-am- n-bn-cn-p- p. apI-fn ]d-n-cn-p--X -\p-k- {_w'' C{]-Imcw ]nXm-hns D]-tZiw kzoI-cn-p-sImv cnv ]c-am-m-hns\ Adn-n-cn-p hnZzm-m m\n- `rKp-ap\n {_- N-cy- tbpw ia-Z- amZn \nb-a--tfbpw ]menI Hcn-epw Hcp {]Im-c-nepw ""Fp-sImp Rm p-sImpw AXp-t]mse Fm t`mK-kp-J--fnepw XymKt{ijvT I--f-\p-jvTn-n-, As-n Rm ]m]- Iw ]q-I-amb kwb-a-tm-Sp-IqSn hkn-p-sImpw ]nXmFn\p sNbvXp?'' Fp Nnnv ZpxJ-a-\p-`hn-p-n-. hns D]-tZ- i- s-n Nnn- p. CXpXsbm- bn-cp- p Atv Ahs a\-n ]pWy-I--fpsS ^e-kz-cq-]-amb l-ns X]-.v C{]-Imcw X]-a-\p-jTn-nv At-l-sa-psNbvXp? Cmcyw ASp A\p-hm- I-n hnh-cn-p- p. D- a-temI {]m]vXn-p B{K- l-an-. ]m]-P-\n- X-amb \cI-s--n-bp `bhpw D]-{Z-hn-p-n-. tem`-n \npw `b-P-\n- X-amb km-]-n\npw Ah Dbp- ZznXo-b m-\ p- h mIw \np-p. ap]d m\n-I Bk-n-tbm-Sp-IqSn Aw {_tXn hyPm-\m-Xv. Am-tyh JeznsNp ]pWyhpw ]m]hpw cp {]Im-c--fn-ep-ap am\n `qXm\n Pmb-t. At\ PmXm\n Poh-n. I-sf P\-\-a- cW km-]-ns Imc-W- Fp IcpXn cmK-tZz-j-tm-Sp-IqSn Ah-bn\npw XnIpw hn- Aw {]b-y-`n-kw-hn-i-o-Xn. XZzn-mb ]p\Ip ]c-am-m-hns Nn-bn hym]r-X-cmbn hkn-p- tch hcpWw ]nX-c -ap-] -k -k m-c . A[o-l n-` -K thm {_t-Xn. Xwtlm-hm-N. X]km {_ hnPn-msImv Bm-hns kwc-Ww \n-ln-p-p.

`rKp- h n
{]Y-am-\p-hmIw
`rKpssh hmcp-Wnx, hcpWw ]nX-c-ap-]-kkmc A[nln `Kthm {_t-Xn. Xkvam GXXv t{]mhm-

k-k z. Xt]m-{_-t-X n. k Xt]mX]yX. kX]kv X- ]vXzm.

]nXm-hns D]-tZiw A\p-k-cnv AwXs {_sav `rKp \n-bn-p. Fp-s Im-s - m ]nXmhp ]d {_-ns Fm e-W-fpw A-n ImW-s-Sp-p. Fm Pohn- Ifpw A-n \npw A-

134

I ns ]cn-Wma `qX-amb hocy-n \npw D-hn-pp. Aw-sIm-p-Xs Ah-bpsS PohnXw kpc-n-Xambn \ne-\npp; ac-Wm-\-cw A-kz-cq-]-amb Cu ]rYzn-bnXs {]hn-jvS-am-Ip-p. C{]-Imcw \n-bn-nv Atlw hopw ]nXm-hmb hcp-Ws ASp- hp. hnp Xs \n-b-a-\p-k-cn-p--sXmw Atlw Adnbn- p. ]nXm-hmb hcp-W bmsXmcp adp-]-Snbpw ]dn-. Atlw Nnnp ""Ch Ctm {_-ns qecq-]s am{Xw a\-n-em-n-bn-cn-p-p. hmkvX-hnI cq]w hsc Chs _pn-sN-n-n-. AXn-\m Ch\v C\nbpw X]-p-sImv Ipsd-qSn Nnn-t Bhiyw Dv. Fm Ah Aev]sanepw a\-n-em-n-bXp Xp-amn-m-Wnv Ahs _pnsb \ncp-m-l-s-Sp-p-Xv DNn-X-am-bn-cn--bn-. AXn-\m CXn\p adp-]Sn ]d-bm-Xn-cnp--Xm-bn-cnpw D-aw.'' ]nXm-hn-t\mSp Xm ]d Imcyw AwKo- I-cn-p-sIm-p B e`n- m- -Xn-\m `rKp hopw A`ynp "`K-h, Rm a\-n-em-nbXp icn-bm-bn-cn-p-n-s-n Av F\nv {_-XXzw icn-bmbn D]-tZ-in-p-X-cq.'' Atm hcp-W ]dp "\o X]-p-h-gn-bmbn {_-X-Xzs {Kln-p-hm- ]cn-{i-an-q. Cu X]-p-Xs {_ kzcq-]-am-Ip-p. AXn-\m CXv At-l-ns t_m[w \Ip--Xn kYm Ign-hp-Xm- bn-cn-p- p.' C{]-Imcw ]nXm- hns B e`n-nv `rKpa- ljn hopw BZy- t- tmse Xs Xt]m-ab PohnXw \bn-p-sImv ]nXm-hn\npw BZyw e`y-amb D]-tZiw A\p-k-cnv {_-kz-cq-]s \n-bn-p--Xn\p Nnn-phm XpS-n. C{]-Imcw X]--\p-jvTnv Atlw FpsNbvXp? Cmcyw ASp A\p-hm-I-n ]d-n- cn-pp.

A-{K-lWw \S--s-Sm-Xn-cp-m, AXp-t]mse Ackw ico-cns Fm `mK--fnepw Fn-t-cm-Xn-cpm bmsXmcp Pohnpw Pohn-n-cn-phm km[y-a-. ac-Wm-\-cw Fmw {]mW-\nXs {]th-in- p-p. arXi-co-c- {]mW \ne-\np-n-s-p-Xv {]Xy-ambn ImW-s-Sp-p. AXn-\m {]mW Xs {_-sap--Xn\v bmsXmcp kwi-b-hp-an-. C{]-Imcw \nbw sNbvXp-sImv Atlw hopw ]nXm-hns ASp- sNp. t\c-t-bp-- Xp- t]m-se-Xs Xs A\p- `hsf Adn-bn-p. ]nXmhv B ka-bpw bmsXmcp adp-]-Snbpw sImSp-n-. Ch ap]n-e-t-m Ipsd-qSn kqvaX-bn-se-n-bn-cn-pp; Fm C\nbpw hf-sc-b-[nIw {Kln-p-hm InS-p-p. AXn-\m adp-]Sn sImSp-m-Xncp-m Ahs Pnm-kbvv Hp-IqSn _e-ap-m-Ipw. AXp-sImp adp-]Sn ]d-bm-Xn-cn-p-Xp icnbm-bn-cn-psap Atlw hnNm-cn- p. Xm ]d Imcy-n\p ]nXmhn\npw bmsXmcp adp-]-Snbpw e`n- m-Xn-cp- -Xp-Im- cWw `rKp hopw At-l-tm-S-t]-np "`K-h, Ctmgpw icn- b Rm a\- n-em- n-bsXn Av Ir]-tbm-Sp- IqSn F\nv {_- XXzw D]- tZ- in-p- X- m- epw.' Atm hcp-W hopw ]g-b-Xp-t]mse ]dp ""\o X]-p-hgn-bmbn {_s {Kln-p--Xn\p ]cn-{i-an-q. Cu X]w Xs {_-am- Ip-p. AXm-bXv {_- X- Xzs {Kln- p--Xn- \p {][m\ km[- \-b-Ip-p.'' C{]- Imcw ]nXm-hns B e`nnv `rKp-a-ljn hopw AtX {]Im-c-nXs X]p-jvTn- p- sImv ]nXm-hns D]tZis-n Nnn-p-sImn-cp-p. X]--\p-jTn-n-sImv Atlw Fp-sNbvXp? v CXv ASp A\p-hm-I-n ]d-bp-p.

NXpYm-\ p-h mIw


at\m {_tXn hyPm- \ m-X v. a\tkm tlyh Jezn am\n `qXm\n Pmb-t. a\km PmXm\n Pohn. a\x {]b`nkwhnio-Xn. XZzn-mb ]p\tch hcpw ]nXc ap]-k -km-c . A[oln `Kthm {_t-Xn. Xw tlmhm-N. X]km {_ hnPn-mk-kz. Xt]m {_t-Xn. k Xt]mX]y-X. k X]kv X- ]vXzm.

XrXob A\p-hmIw
{]mtWm {_tXn hyPm-\m-X v. {]mtWm-tyh Jezn-am\n `qXm\n Pmb-t. {]mtW\ PmXm\n Pohn. {]mWw {]b-y-`n-kw-hn-i-o-Xn. XZzn-mb ]p\- t ch hcWw ]nX- c - a p- ] - k - k m- c . A[oln `Kthm {_t-Xn. Xwtlm-hm-N. X]km {_ hnPnm-k-kz. Xt]m {_t-Xn. k Xt]mX]y-X. k X]-k vX -] vX zm.

C-hW ]nXm-hns D]-tZ-i-a-\p-k-cnv a\-p-X-sbmWv {_- sap `rKp \n-bn- p. Atlw Nnn- p, ]nXmhn-\m ]d-b-s {_-ns Fm e-W-fpw a\]nXm-hns D]-tZ-im-\p-k-cWw `rKp X]-p-h-gn-bmbn n ImW-s-Sp-p. a\-n\n-p-Xs Fm Pohn-Ifpw {]mWXs {_w Fp Xocp-am\w sNbvXp. Atlw D-hn-p-p. kv{Xobp-sSbpw ]pcp-j-sbpw am\-kn-INnn-p. ]nXm-hn-\m ]d-b-s {_-ns Fm eamb t{]a-]q-kw-tbm-K-n \npw Pohn _oP-cq-]W-fpw {]mW- \n ]q-ambn ImW- s-Sp- p. Fm Pohntm-Sp-IqSn amXm-hns K`-nhv D-hn-p-Ibpw Ifpw {]mW-\n \npw D-hn-p-p. AXm-bXv PohnD-hn-nv a\-tm-Sp-Iq-Sn-s C{n-bhgn Fm p Hcp {]mWn-bn \npw AXn\p kZr-i-ambn asmPnhn-tXm-]-tbm-Kn-I-fmb hkvXp-sf D]t`mKw sNbvXp p-- hn-p-Xv {]Xy-- ambn ImW-s-Sp-p. AXp- t]mse Pohn-p-Ibpw ac-Wm-\-cw a\-n-te-bvp-Xs {]th-inFmw {]mW-\mXs Pohn-p-Ibpw sNp-p. izmkp-I bpw sNp-p. ac-W m-\ -cw Cu icoc- n ns t]mp-h-chp \np-t]m-bm, {]mW aqe-ap

135

I {]mW\pw C{n-bfpw \ne-\np-n-. AXn-\m a\-

m-hp-Xs {_-am-Ip-p. C{]-Imcw \n-bn--X n-\pp-Xs {_-am-Ip-p. C{]-Imcw \n-bn-p-sImv tijw Atlw BZy-t-Xp-t]m-se-Xs ]nXm-hmb hcpAtlw hopw ]g-Xp-t]mse ]nXm-hmb hcp-Ws ASp- Ws ASp- sNp. Atlw Xs Xocp-am\w sNv Xs A\p-`hsf ]nXm-hns\ Adn-bn-p. ]nXmhns\ Adn-bn-p. C{]m-h-iyhpw hcp-W bmsXmcp Cu {]mhiyhpw ]nXm-hn\npw bmsXmcp adp-]-Snbpw adp]-Snbpw ]dn-. Atlw Nnn-p. C{]mhiyw Ch e`n-n-. "Ch apn-e-t-m F{Xtbm Bg-n-te-n- hf- scb[nIw {_- tm-S- Sp-n-cn-- p. Chs Nn-I d-n-s-n-cn-p-p. Fm C\nbpw Ch Iptd-qSn qehpw kqvahpw Bb cp-X-c-n-ep PU-X-XzX]--\p-jTn--Ww. AXn-\m adp-]Sn ]d-bm-Xn-cn-p-Xp -fn\npw Dbv tNX-\-Po-hm-mhntemfw Fnv Xs DNn-X-am-bn-cn-pw.' Fv hcp-W Nnn-p. ]nXm- bn-cn-p-p. Fm {_ kzcq-]-am-Is CXn-s\-m hn\npw Xs Imcy-n\v bmsXmcp adp-]-Snbpw e`nm- Hsbpw t{ijvT-am-bn-cn-p-p. At-l-am-Is \nXym-\--Xp-I m-cWw `rKp hopw apn-e -t-tm-se-X s kz-cq-]\pw AZzn- Xo-b\p-amb ]c-am-m-hm-Ip-p. Ch A`ynp ""`K-h, Rm {Kln-n-cn-p-Xp icn-bm- C\nbpw Iptd-qSn X]--\p-jvTn-t-n-bn-cn-p-p. AXnbn-cn-p-n-s-n Av, Ir]-bp-mbn {_-c-lkyw \m adp-]Sn ]d-bm-Xn-cn-p--Xmbncnpw icn.'' C{]-Imcw F\n-p-]-tZ-in-p-X-m-epw.'' Atm hcp-W hopw XpS-b mbn ]nXm-hn\npw bmsXmcp adp-]-Snbpw AtX adp-]Sn Xs ]dp ""\o X]-p-hgn-bmbn e`nm-Xn-cp-- Xp- Im- cWw `rKp lXm-it\m \ncm-it\m Bbn{_XXzs Adn-bp--Xn-\m-{K-ln-q, AXm-bXv X]-p- . Atlw ap]n-e-t-tmse hopw AtX {]m\ sN-bvXp-sImv Fs D]-tZ-i-s- n hopw Nnn-q. Xs \S-n. ""`K-h, Rm icn-b {Kln-n-cn-p-Cu Xt]m-c q-]-a m-Ip km[\ Xs {_-am-I p-p. sX-n Av Ir]-tbm-Sp-IqSn {_-c-lkyw F\n-p-]{_s {Kln-p--Xn\v CXn-\p-]-cn-bmbn ap bmsXm-cp- tZ- in-p-X-m-epw. Atm hcp-W hopw AtX Dcw ]m- b- fpw C.'' C{]-Imcw ]nXm-hns B e`np `rKp Xs \In ""\o X]-p-h- gn-bm-bn- -s {_-X-Xzs hopw apt-tmse kwb-a-\-tm-Sp-IqSn Pohnv ]nXm- {Kln- p-hm-\ m-{K-l n- q. AXm-b Xv X]-kym-] qIw hns D]-tZ-i-s-n Nnn-p. Nnn-nv Atlw Fp- AXns ]q-amb IY IYm-\p-k-cWw Nnn-q. X]w sNbvXp F Imcyw ASp A\p-hm-I-n hnh-cn- Xs {_-am-Ip-p.'' C{]-Im-c-ap ]nXm-hns B e`n-nv `rKp hopw ap]n-et-tmse kwb-a-\-tmp-p. Sp-IqSn Pohn-p-sImv ]nXm-hns D]-tZ-i-{]-Imcw Nnnp. Nnn- -Xn-\p-tijw Atlw Fp-sN-bvXp. CXp ]-am- \ p- h mIw XpSp ]d-bp-p.

B\tm {_tXn hyPm-\m-X v. B\-m-ty-hJ-ezn-am\n `qXm\n Pmbm-t. B\-t\ PmXm\ Poh-n. B\w {]b-y-`n-kw-hn-i-o-Xn. sskjm `mho hmcpWo hnZym ]cta thyma {]Xn-jvTnXm. k b Ghw thZ {]Xn-X n-j vT -Xn. A-hm-\ C{]m-hiyw `rKp ]nXm-hns D]-tZ- i-a-\p- k-cnv hnmmtZm `h-Xn. alm `hXn {]Pbm ]ip-`n{_-\-kz-cq-]-tN-X- \-bmb Pohm-m-hp-X s {_-a m-sWp h-tk-\. alm Ioym.
\n-bn-p. Atlw Nnnp {_-ns eW--sfn ]nXmhp ]d-n-cn-p--sXmw ]q-ambpw CXn ImW-s-Sp-p. Cu Fm {]mWn- Ifpw Pohm-m-hn \npXs D-hn- p- p. kPo-h-tN-X-\- bn \np- Xs {]mWnI-fpsS Dev]n {]Xy-- ambpw ImW-s-Sp-p. D-hn-nv Cu hnm-\-kz-cq-]-amb Pohm-m-hn-\ms Pohnp-p. Pohm-mhp \ne-\n-evp-n-s-n a\-,v C{nb- , {]mW apX- emb bmsXm- n\pw Pohn-p- hm Ignbp-n- . bmsXm-n\pw AXn-t-Xmb tPmenI \n-lnp-hm km[n-p-n-. AXp-t]mse ac-Wm-\-cw a\v apX-em-b -h-sbmw Pohm- m-hnXs hne-b n-p-p. Poh t]mb- Xn- \p-ti-jap arX- i-co-c- n Ch- sbmpw ImW-s-Sp-n-. AXn-\m hnm\ kzcq-]-amb PohmC-hW `rKp ]nXm-hns D]-tZ-is-n AKm-[ambn Nnn-nv B\w {_w Xs F Xocp-am-\-nse-n. ""Cu B\--a-b-\mb ]c-am-m-hp-X- s- bmWv Aa-bm-Zn-I-fmb Fm-n-sbpw A-cm-m-hm-Ip--Xv. Ahsb-mw-Xs At-l-ns qe-cq-]--fm-Ip-p. Cu Imc-Ww-sIm-p-X s Ah-bn {_-_p-n-bp- m-IpIbpw {_-ns Bwin-IeWw {]I-S-am-hp-Ibpw - sNp-p. Fm kt-iz-cs\ At]-np {_ns eWw B\--n ImW-s-Sp-p. Fp-sIms-m, Cu Pohn-I-sfmw B\--kz-cq-]-\mb ]c-{_-]-c-am-m-hn\n-p-Xs krjvSn-bpsS Bcw-`-n D-hn-n-cn-p-p. Ch-sb-m- n-sbpw BZn-Im-cWw

hnm\w {_tXn hyPm-\ m-X v. hnm-\ mtyh Jezn-am\n `qXm\n Pmb-t. hnm-t\\ PmXm\n Poh-n. hnm\w {]b-y-`n-kw-hn-i-oXn. XZzn- mb ]p\-tch hcpWw ]nX-c-ap-] m-kkm-c. A[o-ln-`-Kthm {_t-Xn. Xw tlm hmN. X]km {_ hnPn-m-kkz. Xt]m-{_-t-Xn. k Xt]mX]y-X. k X]-kvX-]vXzm.

jjvTm-\ p- h mIw

136

I t]mepw Atlw Xs-bm-Ip-p. AXp-t]mse Cu B-abs B\-ns teiw e`n-n-p-Xs Cu {]mWnIsfmw Pohn-p-sIm-n-cn-p-p. Bcpw ZpxJ-tm-Sp-IqSn Pohn-p-hm-\n-jS-s-Sp-n-. am{X-hp-a-, B\--a-b- \mb B v km--cym-an-bmb ]c-am-m-hns ANn-y-i-n-bpsS t{]c-W-tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-s Cu temI-nse Fm Pohn-Ifp-sSbpw Fm {]h-\-fpw \S-p-sIm-n-cn-p-p. At-l-ns `c-W-n Ign-bp kqcym-Zn-I AXmXp-I-fpsS tPmen-I \n-ln-m-Xn- cn- p-I-bm- sW-n Hcp W-t\cw t]mepw bmsXmcp {]mWnpw Pohn-n-cn-phm km[n- p- - X-. AJn- e-n-tbpw Pohm-[mcw hmkvXh-n B\--kz-cq-]-\mb B ]c-am-m-hmIpp. AXpt]mse Fm Pohn-I-fmepw \nd-bs Cu {_mWvUw {]f-bIm-e-n At-l ns eo\-am-Ip-Ibpw sNp-p. Atlw Xs Fm {]Im-c-nepw kZm AJn-e-n-tbpw B{i-b-am-Ip-p. C{]-Im-c-ap A\p-`h-a p- m-b -t m `rKp-h n\p ]c- {_- -s - - nbp bYm m\w Dm-bn. ]noSv At-l- n\p bmsXmcp-hn[amb Pnm-kbpw Ahtijn-n-. {ipXn-kz-b-ambn B hnZy-bpsS alna Adn-bn-p--Xn-\p-thn ]d-bpp AXp-Xs hcp-W-\m ]d-b-s-Xpw `rKp-hn\p e`y-am-bXp-amb {_-hnZy ({_--c-lkyw shfn-s-Sp-p hnZy). Cu hnZy hnip BIm-i-kz-cq-]am-Ip ]c-{_ ]c-amm-hn nXn-sN-p-p. Atlw Xs Cu hnZy-bptSbpw B[m-cw. bmsXm-cp- `rKp-hn-s\-tmse X]-kym]qw CXn-s\-n Nnn-nv ]c-am-\-kz-cq-]-\mb ]c-amm-hns\ Xncn--dn-bp-pthm Ah\pw Ahn-ip--]-c-am-\ ]c-am-m-hn nX- \m-bn-o-cp-p. C{]-Imcw Cu hnZybpsS hmkvX-hn-I-^ew ]d-nv a\pjysc B km[-\bpsS t\tc Xncn-p-hn-Sp--Xn\v D]-cyp--amb coXn-bn A {]mWmZn kakvX XXzfp-tSbpw cl-ky-hn-m\ ]q-I-amb {_s Adnbp m\n-I-fpsS ico-cepw Ax-Ic-W-nepw kzm`m-hn-Iam-bp--hn-p Akm-[m-c-W-amb in- sbn {ipXn ]d-bpp Ah \m\m {]Im- c - n- e p- a p Poh- \ - b - t {Xm- ] - t bm- K n- I t`mKfn k--\m-bn-o-cp-Ibpw Ah-sb- m-nt\bpw tkhn-p--Xn-\p kmayw Ah-\n h-tNcp-Ibpw sNp-p. AXm-bXv Ahs a\-,v C{n-b-, icocw Ch \nhn-Im-chpw \otcm-Khpw Bbn-o-cp-p. am{X-hp-a-, Ah km-\-, arK-, {_-tX-Pv henb Ion Ch-bm kar- -\m-bnv temI-n kt{i-jT-\mbn am\n--s-Sp-p. v

]m-b-aptm? CXn\p adp-]-Sn-bmbn Ch-sbmw {]m]n-p-Xn-\p ap-]m-b- ]d-bpp

Aw \ \nym- X v . XZv { h- X w, {]mtWm hm Aw. ico-c-a-m-Zw, {]mtW icocw {]Xn-jvTn-Xw. icotc {]mWx {]Xn-jvTn-Xx. XtZ-X-Z--at {]XnjvTn-Xw. k b GX-Z--at {]Xn-jvTnXw thZ {]XnXn-jvT-Xn. A-hm-\ -mtZm `h-X n. alm `hXn {]Pbm ]ip-`n_v-h-tk\ alm Ioym.

ChnsS A-ns al-Xzs hnh-cn-nv AXv Adnbp--Xp-sIm-p-m-Ip ^es Adn-bn-p-p. AXmbXv bmsXmcp a\p-jy Am-Zn-I-fm k--\m-Ip-hm B{K- ln-p-pthm Ah Ghpw BZy-ambn "Rm Hcnepw As \nn-p-I-bn' Fp {hXw AwKo-Icn--Ww. GsX-nepw Hcp hkvXp-hns\ e`n-p-hm a\pjy-\m-{K-ln-p-pthm AXns\ kw_-n Hcp al-Xz-_pn-bp-m-bn-cn--W-sa-Xv Hcp km[m-cW \nbaw am{X-amIp-p. Atm AXv Ah-\p-th-nbpw {]b-X\n-pw. Hcpv \v GsX-nepw Hn hnc-k-_p-n-bmWv tXmp--sXn Ahs t\sc AXp Ip-Xp-d-p-t\m-p-I-t]mepw sNp-I-bn-. As \nn- p-I-b n-s - p {hXw kzoI-cn--Ww. Aw Xs {]mW\pw {]mW Xs Ahpw BIp- p. Fp- sIm-s- m A-n \npXs {]mW-_ew Dm-hp-Ibpw {]mW-i-n-bn \npXs A-a-b-i -co-c- n Poh-i- n-b p- m-Ip-Ibpw sNpp Fp A-ns al-Xzs a\-n-em-Ww. ico-cn A-c-ks k{X hym]n-n-p-Xp-sImv ChnsS {]mWs\ A-sap ]d-n-cn-p-p. icocw {]mWs B[m-c-n Dd- p-\n- evp-p. AXn-\m AXv {]mW-cq-]-amb A- ns t`mm-hm-Ip-p. icocw {]mW-\n nXn-sN-p- p. AXm-bXv ico- c- ns nXn {]mWm-[o-\m-bn-cn-p-Ibpw {]mW ico-c-n nX-ambn-cn- p- Ibpw sNp-p. {]mWs B[mcw ico-c-am-Ipp. Cmcyw {]Xy- - am- W-sm. C{]-Imcw Cu A- a- b-i-cocw A-am- Ip-p. {]mW\v Blmcw e`y- am-Im-Xn-cp- m AXp ico-c-nse [mXp--sf-s DW-n--f-bp-sa-p-Xv A\p-`-h-kn--amb hnj-ba m-Wv. Atm ico-c-ns nXn {]mW[o\- am- b- Xp- Im-cWw {]mW\pw Aw-X-sbm-Ip-p. AXn-\m ico-c-n\pw {]mW\pw ]c-k]-cm-{iv b-_-- ap--Xn-\m A- ns Aw nXn-sNpp Fp ]d-b-s-Sp-p. bmsXm-cp- Cu clkyw a\-n-em-p-pthm Ah-\p-Xs ico-chpw {]mW\pw cn-tbpw D]-tbmKw icn-bmbn \S-p-hm Ign-bp-p. AXn-\m ico-c-n- sbpw {]mW-sbpw hnm-\-n k]vX - am-\ p- h mIw ]mc-MvK-X-\m-bp--h Cu hnm-\-ns ^e-kz-cq-]kw_w {_lva-m\n Aw, {]P (km\w) apX- ambn Fm {]Im-c - n-e p- a p t`mK-h -k vX p- -f m em-b-h-bm k--\m-bn-o-cp-sa Imcyw ]d-p-I-gn- bp\pw Ahsb D]-tbm-K- n sImp-h-cp--Xn-\p p. Atm Hcp kwi- b-ap-m-Ip-Xv Cu Fm knn- in-bn k-- \p-am-bn- o-cp-sap ]d-b-s-n-cn-p-p. Ifpw {_-km-m-Xvmcw {]m]n--Xn-\p-ta am{Xta e`y- IqSmsX Ah km-\-, \m\m-hn[ arK, {_am-I-bptm AYhm Ch-sbmw {]m]n-p--Xn-\p ap- tX- P-v Ch-bm k--\mbn alm-\m-b n-o-c p-p.

137

I Ion, biv Ch temI-n hym]n-p-Ibpw XZzmcm


Ah temI-n alm-\m-bn-o-cp-Ibpw sNp-p.

AjvS-am-\ p- h mIw
Aw \ ]cnNoX. XZv {hXw. Bt]m hm Aw. tPymXn-cm-Zw. A]vkp tPymXnx {]Xn-jvTnXw. tPymXn-j ym]x {]Xn-jvTn-Xmx. XtZ-X-Z- -at {]Xn-jvTn-Xw. k b GX-Z--at {]Xn-jvTnXw thZ {]Xn-Xn-j vT -X n. A hm\- mtZm `h-X n. alm `hXn {]Pbm ]ip-` n{_- -h N-tk- \ . alm Ioym.

\n]p-W-\mbn `hn-p-p. Fp-sIm-s-m Ah\v Cu cn-sbpw icn-bmb D]-tbmKw \S-p-hm Ign-bp-p. CXns ^e-ambn Ah Fm-hn[ t`mK-km-a-{Kn- Ifm k-\pw Ah-sbmw bYm-tbmKyw D]-t`mKw \S-p-Xn Ign-hp-h\pw Bbn-o-cp-p. AXp-Im-cWw Ah km-\fmepw \m\m-hn[ arK--fmepw {_-tXP-n-\mepw k--\mbn alm-\m-bn-o-cp-p. Ah bikznbpw Xm-c-W-m alm-\p-am-bn-o-cp-p.

\h- am-\ p- h mIw

Aw _lp Iho-X. XZv {hXw. ]rYnho hm Aw. BImtimmZx. ]rYn-hym-am-I mix {]XnChnsS Pe-tbpw tPymXn-n-t\bpw A-cq-]ambn jvTn-Xx. BImti ]rYnho {]Xn-jvTn-Xm. XtZ-X-Z-]d-p-sImv Ahsb Adn-bp--Xn \np-m-Ip at {]Xn-jvTn-Xw. k b GX-Z--at {]Xn-jvTnXw ^ew ]d- bp-p. bmsXmcp a\p-jy\v Aw apX-em- b-h-bm thZ {]Xn-Xn-jvT-Xn. A-hm-\-mtZm `h-Xn. alm k--\ m-I -W -s av B{K-l -ap- m-I p- pthm Ah `hXn {]Pbm ]ip-` n{_- -h -tk- \ . alm ""Rms\m- c n- epw As Ah- t l- f n- p- I - b n- , Ioym.
As Zpcp-]-tbm-K-s-Sp-p-Itbm AXns\ Fn-ens cq]-n Dt]-np If-bp-I-tbm-bn'' Fp \nbaw Ahiyw ]men-n-cn--Ww. Hcp- GsX-nepw hkvXphns\ A\m-Z-cn--bm-sW-n AXn-t\mSv Dt]-m-_pn kzoI-cn-p-p-sh-n B hkvXp Ahs\ Hcn-epw hcnp-I-bn Fp-Xv km[m-cW \nbaw am{X-ta-bm-Ip-pq. GsX-nepw hkvXp-hns\ {]m]n--Wsa-n AXnt\mSv BZ-c-_pn {]I-Sn-n-t-Xv ]c-a-amb I-hy-amIp-p. Hcp-\v Hcp hkvXp-hn BZ-c-hn-t-Xmb at\m`mhw Dm-Ip-n- s-n Ah AXns\ {]m]n--W-sav Fn-\m- {K- ln- pp? Pew Xs A- am-Ip-p. Fp-sIms-m Fm-bn-\-n-ep-ap Aw, `y-]Zm, Pe-n\n-p-Xs D-hn-p-Ibpw tPymXn-v, tXP-v, Xs Cu Pe-cq-]am-Ip As `n-pIbpw sNp-p. C{]-Imcw As Ah-tl-fn--bn-sp {hXw kzoI-cn-p-sImv apI-fn ]d-n-cn-p A-ns Cu XXzs \mbn a\-n-em-p-Ibpw thWw. Anbpw kqcy-c-ivan-Ifpw F{]-Imcw Pe-I-Wsf timjn-np If-bp-pthm AtX {]Imcw ico-c-nep PT-cmn ico-cnse Pemw-i-X-Xz-sf timjn-np- p. Pe-n tPymXnv {]Xn-jvTn-X-am-bn- cn-p-p. CXpt]mse tXP-nepw Pew nXn-sN-pp Fp-Xp \app {]Xy--ambn ImWp-hm Ign-bp-p. Fp-sIms- m kqcys {]Jc Inc-W--fn nXn-sN-p Pew Xs \psS apn hrjvSn-bmbn hjn--s-Spp. C{]-Imcw Pehpw tXPpw At\ym-\ym-{i-b--fm-bncn-p-Xp ImcWw A- cq-]-amb Fm `y-]-Zm-fp-tSbpw Imc-W-am- Ip- p; Bb- Xn-\m Ch- Xs Ah- bpsS cq]-n ]cn-W-an-n-cn-p-p. AXn-\m cpw Aw Xs-bm-Ip-p. Cs\ Aw Xs A-n {]XnjvTn-X- am-bn-cn-p-p. bmsXmcp a\p-jy Cu XXzw a\-nem-p-pthm Ah Cu cn-sbpw hnm-\n ChnsS BIm-i-tbpw `qan-tbbpw A-cq-]ambn ]dv Ah-b psS XXzs Adn-b p--X p-s Im- p ^es hnh-cn-p-p. bmsXmcp a\p-jy\p `y-[m-\y kar-n-bm-bp-m-Ip--Xn-\p A`n-emjw Dm-Ipp-thm, Ah BZy-ambn Cu {hX-n An ZrVamb Hcp k-e v]-n Fn-b n-c n-Ww "Rm As hf-sc-b-[n-I-ambn hn-npw' Fv. GsXnepw hkvXp-hn-t\m-Sp Aan-X-amb A`yp-Zbw Xs AXns\ hf-W-sa-p A`n-emjw Xs, AXns\ BIjn-p--Xn-\p Ghpw t{ijvT-amb D]m-b-am-Ipp. bmsXm-cp- GsX-n-ep-samcp hkvXp-hns\ Ae-yambn ssIImcyw sNp-Ibm-sW-n B hkvXp-hns\ Ah\v Hcn-epw {]m]n-p-hm km[n-p-n AYhm e`yam-Ip-Ibm-sW-n Xs AXp \ne-\np-p-an-. CXn\ptijw ]rYzn Xs A-am-sW- p A- ns XXzw icn-bmbn a\-n-em- -Ww. F{X- sbmw A- aptm Ah-sbmw ]rYzn-bn\n-p-Xs Dm-Ip-Ibpw Cu ]rYznsb Xn-tev BIjn- p-sIm-n- cn-p--Xns B [mc-`q-X-amb BImiw Cu A- ns t`mhpw BIpp. `qan-bn BImiw nXn-sN-p-p, Fp-sIm-sm AXv k-hym-]n-bm-Ipp; BIm-i-n ]rYzn nXn-sN-pp Fp Imcyhpw {]Xy--am-Ip-p. Ch cpw Hp asm-n-m-[m-c-am-bn-cn-p--Xp-Im-cWw Akz-cq-]-am-Ip-p. ]-a-lm-`q-X--fn BImiw BZytXpw `qan Ah-km-\-t-Xp-amb XXz--fm-Ip-p. CSbvp aqp XXz-fpw Ch-bn AK-X--fm-Wv. kakvX t`mKy-]Zm-cq-]-amb Aw Cu ]-a-lm_qXfpsS {]h-\-am-Wv. AXn-\m Chbpw Ans cq]-n nXn-sN-p-p. CXp-sImv An Xs Aw {]Xn-jTn--s-n-cn-p-p. bmsXm-cpv Cu Imcyw XmXzn-I-ambn {Kln-p-pthm ]rYzo-cq-

138

I ]-amb A-n BIm-i-cq-]-am-Ip Ahpw BIm-i-

"R-fpsS lrZ-bn \np \Ip--Xn\p \ cq-]-am-Ip A-n ]rYzo-cq-]-am-Ip Ahpw {]Xn- `- Wtam Xma- kn- p- -Xn\p etam C' Fv Atlw jvTn-X- a-mbn-cn-pp Fv Ah\v BIm-im-Zn-bmb ]- Hcn-epw ]d-bp-I-bn-. bmsXm-cp- Xs Krl-n-em`q-X- sf bYmtbmKyw D]-tbm-Kn-p-hm Ign- bp- p. AXn- K-X-\m-Ip AXn-Ynsb AXy-[n-I-amb BZ-c-km-c\m Ah Cu hnj-b-n ka-\mbpw `hn-p-p. ]qw D- a-`m-h-tm-Sp-IqSn \ hkvXp-- fm tkh\w Cu hnm-\-ns ^e-ambn Ah Fm {]Im-c--fn- sNp-pthm Ahs\ {i-tbm-Sp-IqSn Dm-n-bn-p ep-ap t`mKy-h-kvXpfmepw Ahsb D]t`mKn-p--Xn- t`mP-\-h-kvXp--fm Xr]vX-\m--s-Sp-pthm Ah\pw \p in-bmepw k--\m-bn-o-cp-p. AXn-\m D-a-`m-K-n Aw e`y-am-Ip-p. AXm-bXv Ah\p A h k m\- - f m , \m\m- { ]- I m- c - - f n- e p t`mKy-]-Zm--f psS k-m Z-\ -n IjvS -s -tS arKfm, hnZy-bpsS tXP-n-\m ka\pw alm-\p- Bhiyw Dm-Ip-n-. AXnYn tkh-\ns {]`m-ham-bn-o-cp-p. Ah-s biv temIw apgp-h hym]n- n \npw Ah\p bmsXm-n-tbpw Ipd-hp-m-Ip-np-p. AXn-\m Bbp-p-hgn-bm-bnpw Ah alm-\m- . Abm-fpsS Fm Bhiyfpw A\m-bm-k-a mbn ]qo-IcnsSp-p. Ah hon hcp AXn-Ynsb bn- o-cp-p. a[y`mh-tm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bmWp k-cn-p--sX-n, AXmbXp km[m- c - W - c o- X n- b n ` Ww \ Ip- I bpw Zi-am- \ p-h mIw {]tXyIamb _lp-am-\-sampw {]I-Sn-n-m-Xn-cn-p-I-bp\ IwN\ hkXu {]Xym-N-o-X. XXv{h-Xw. X am-sW-n Ah\pw km[m-c-W-co-Xn-bn Aw e`y-am-IpkvamZybm Ibm N hn[bm _lzmw {]m]v\p-bm- p. AXm-bXv A-h-k{Xm-Zn-I-fpsS kw`-c-W-n km[mv Xv . Bcm- ykva m A-an-X ymNtX. GXssZz c-W-bn Ihnv _pn-ap-t--Xmbn hcp-p. GXp `mhapJtXmw cmw. apJXmkvam Aw cm[y-tX. tm-Sp-IqSn Ah AXn-Ynp \Ip-pthm AtX-`m-hGXssZz a[ytXmwcm-w. a[ytXmkvam Aw tm- Sp- IqSn A{Xbpw Ipd-hmb BZ- c- thm-Sp-IqSn B hkvXpc m[ y- t X . G X Zzm A tX m w c m- w . e`n-p-p. CXp-t]m-se- Xs An-a- `m-h-tm-Sp-IqSn AtXmkvam Aw cm[y-tX. b Ghw thZ. AXm-bXv bmsXm-cp-hn-[-amb BZ-chpw {]I-Sn-n-msX Cu A\p-hm-I-n AXn-Yn-tk-hbpsS al-Xzhpw \nm-c-`m-h-n `mc- -]am-bn--cpXn AXn-Yn-tk-h\w \Sp- I-bm-sW- n Ah \nIrjvS`mh-tm-Sp-IqSn A{i^ehpw ]d-n-cn-p-p. bmsXm-cp- AXn-Yn-tk-h-\ns ]q-amb ^ew In-Wsam{K-ln-p-pthm -ambn Xm-dm--s `Ww \In k- cn-p-I-bmAh BZy-ambn Xs hon GsXnepw AXnYn B{i- sW-n Ah\pw AtX-co- Xn-bn-ep ]Zm- AtX bs B{K-lnp hcp-s-n Xm Hcn-epw tami- amb `mh-tm-Sp-IqSn e`n-p-p. AXm-bXv Ahsb {]m]n-padp-]Sn ]dp aSn Ab-bvp-I-bn F \nbaw -Xn\v Ah hf-scb[nIw IjvS-s-tS-- Xmbn hcp-p. v kzoI-cn--Ww. "AXnYn tZthm `h' AXn-Ynsb tZh-_p- Bfp-Isf apJ-kXp-Xn-bm ktm-jn-n-t-- Xmbn hcpn-tbm-Sp-IqSn tkhn-pI F D]-tZiw Kpcp apJ-p- p. bmsXm-cp- C{]-Imcw Cu cl-kys {Kln-p\npw thZm-y-b\w \S-n-bn-p injy\p sImSpp pthm Ah D-a- amb coX-bn hnip-- amb `mh-tmIgn- n-p--Xm-Wv. C{]-Im-c-ap \nbaw ]men- m Sp-IqSn AXn- Yn-tk-h\w \Sn ktm--a-amb ^ew {]mam{Xta AXn-Yn-tk-h\w kmy-am-Ip-Ibp-q. Cu {hXw ]n-p-p. kzoI-cnv AXns\ ]men-p--Xn-\p-thn Xsbpw IpSpw- kw_w C\n ]c-am-m-hns hn`q-Xn-cq-]-tm-Sp-IqSn _-n-sbpw Bhiyn-\p-thn am{X-a-msX GsX- k{X Nnn-t-- Xmb hn[s \nt-in-p-p. nepw \ymtbm-Nn-X-amb am-nqSn hfscb[nIw ta CXn hmNn. tbmKta CXn {]mWm-]mAw D]mn--Ww. [\w, k-v, Aw Cs\ \-tbmx. ItXn lkvXtbmx. KXn-cnXn ]mZ-tbmx. ico-c- t]m-j-W-n-\p-th-n- bp kma-{Kn-Isf km- Zn-phnap-n-c nXn ]mbu. CXn am\p-jox. kam- mx. -Xn\v F{Xtbm \ymtbm-Nn-X-amb amfp-tm, AXpAX ssZhox. Xr]vXn-cn-Xn. hrjvSu. _e-anXn hnZypt]mse Ign A\p- hm-I--fn-embn GsXmw D]m- b- Xn. bi CXn ]ip-jp. tPymXn-cnXn \t{X-j p. ]d-n-ptm Ah GsX-nepw aptJ\ hf-sc-b-[nIw {] Pm- X n- c - a r - X - a m- \ C X yp- ] - t . k - a nBlm-c-h-kvXp- km-Zn- -Ww. AXm-bXv AXnYn tkhXymImti. \-n-\mbn Ah-iy-hkvXp- A[n-Iam-{X-bn kw`-cn-Ww. Fp-sIm-s- m AXn-Yn-tk-h\w Krtlm-Nn-XChnsS ]c-ta-iz-c s hn`q-Xn-I sf kwt- ]-ambn amb kZm-Nm-c-ns Hgn-p-Iq-Sm ]mSn-m AwK-am-Ip- hn-n-cn-p-p. kXy-kz- cq-]-amb hmWn-bn Biohmp. am\y\pw tbmKy-\p-amb a\p-jy hon hcp AXn- Zm-ZnIaqew c \Ip--Xn-\p in {]Xo- X-am-Ip-pYn-tbmSv C{]-Imcw ]d-bpp "hcp, hcp, Ccn-p, `Ww thm, AXns cq]-n AhnsS ]c-am-m-hns nXnXm-dm-b n-cn-p-p. `Ww Ignm-epw.' Fn--s\. bp-m-Ip-p. {]mW-\nepw A]m-\-\nepw Poh-t\m-]-tbm-Kn-

139

I bmb hkvXp-sf BIjn-p--Xn\pw Pohs\ cnp-Xn-\p-ap GsXmcp in-bp-m-bn-cn-p-pthm AXpw ]c-am-m-hns Awi-am-Ip-p. AtX-{]-Imcw ssIIfn {]hn-p--Xn-\p inbpw ]mZ--fn Nen-p-Xn-\p inbpw ae-Zzm-c-n ae-hn-k-\-n-\p inbpw ]c-am-m-hn-t-Xm-Ip-p. Cu Fm iIvXnIfpw ]ctaizcs in-bpsS Hcwiw Xs-bm-Wv. CsXmw ImWp a\p-jy ]c-ta-iz-cs k-bn hniz-kn-pI Xs thWw. CXv am\p-jn-Iamb aln-a-bm-Wv. AXm-bXv a\p-jys ico-cn {]Xo-X-am-Ip ]c-am-m-hns in-bpsS kwt-]n ZnKvZi\w sN-s-Sp-p. CXns\ Bym-n-I-amb (i-co-c- kw-_-n) D]m-k- \-sbp ]d-bp-p. CXp-t]mse Xs ssZhn- I-]-Zm--fn {]Xy-ambn ImW-s -Sp insb hn- p-p. CXv ssZhnI (B[nssZ-hnI) amb D]m-k-\-bm-W.v hrjvSn-bn bmsXm-cp-hn-[-amb Am-ZnIsf D-hn-n-p--Xn\pw Pe{]-Zm\w aqew AJn-e-tbpw Xr]vXn-s-Sp-p--Xn-\p inbpw \{X--fn AXm-bXv kqcy, N{, XmcmK-W- Ch-bn ImW- s- Sp {]Imifpw enwK- n \ne-\np km-t\m- e]m-Z-\-i- nbpw hocy-cq-]-n v cbpw B\-hpw \Ip--Xn-\p inbpw AXpt]mse BIm-i-n Fm-n-s\bpw \ne-\np inbpw k hym]-IXz-n-sbpw As\ Fm {]Im-c-n-ep-ap inbpw ]c-ta-iz-cs ANn-yhpw A]m-chp-amb in-bpsS GtXm Hcw-i-ns {]kv^pcWw am{X-am-Ip-p. Ch-sbmw Iv a\p-jy k{X GI-\mb ]c-am-m-hns hym]-I-X-bpsS clkyw a\-nem- -Ww. kw_\v[w C\n hnhn[ `mh--tfm-Sp-IqSn \S--s-Sp D]m-k-\IfpsS ^e-k-ln-X-amb h\w \S--s-Sp-p

XXv {]Xn-jvtT-Xyp-]m-ko-X. {]Xn-jvTm-h m `hXn. Xl CXyp-] m- k o-X . alm `h- X n. X\ CXyp-]mkoX . am\-hm `h-X n. Xa CXyp-] mko-X. \aytkvs sa Imamx. XZv {_t-Xyp-]mko-X. {_-hm `h-Xn. XZv {_Wx ]cn-ac CXyp]m-ko-X. ]tcyWw {anbt Zznjx k]Xv\mx. ]cn tb{]nbm {`mXr-hymx.
Cu a{n kIm-tam-]m- k-\-bpsS `n--fmb ^esf hnh-cn-p-p. {]XnjvT B{K-ln-p ]pcp-j Xs D]m-ky-tZ-hs {]Xn-jvT-bpsS cq]-n D]m-k\ \S--s. AXm-bXv "B D]m-ky-tZ-h Xs Fm-nsbpw {]XnjvT AJn-e-n-sbpw B[mcw' BIp-p. Cu `mh\tbm- Sp-Iq-Sn At-ls Nnn--s. temI- n A-s\-bp D]m-k-I\v {]XnjvT e`n-p-p. alXzw {]m]n-p--Xn-\p-thn Xs D]m-ky-tZ-hs\ "alm' Fp IcpXn At-ls D]m-kn-pp Fn Ah alm-\m-bn-o-cp-p, al-Xzs {]m]n-p-p. Xs D]mky-tZ-hs\ alm a\kzn Fp IcpXn a\\in {]m]n-

p--Xn-\p-thn AXns\ D]m-kn-pp Fn B D]mk-I \\w sNp--Xn-\p hnti-j-i-nsb {]m]n-pp. C{]-Imcw bmsXm-cp- Xs D]m-ky-tZ-h-Xsb \akvm-c-tbm-Ky-\mb inim-en-bmbncpXn A-s\bp in {]m]n-p--Xn-\p-thn At-ls D]m-knpp Fn Ah kzbw \a-km-c-tbm-Ky-\m-bn-ov cp-p. Fm A`nemjfpw ssIIqn Ahs apn \np-p. Fm t`mKfpw kzb-ambn Ahs Nc-W-fn ]Xn-p-p. A\m-bm-k-am-bn-s Fm t`mK-hkvXp- fpw Ah\p e`y-am-Ip-p. bmsXm- cp- Xs D]mky-tZ-hs\ Ghpw henb km-[m-c-amb {_w Fp IcpXn AXns\ {]m]n- p- - Xn-\p-thn D]m- k\ \S-pp Fn Ah {_-m-\n-bm-bn-o-cp-p, AXm-bXv k-i-n-am-\mb ]c-ta-iz-c Ahs kz-am-bn-o-cpp. Ah--[o- \- ambn `hn- p-p. bmsXmcp Xs D]mky-tZ-h-Xsb {_w-h-gn-bmbn Fm-n-t\bpw kwl-cn-W-sap \n- bn--s A[n- Im-cn- tZ- h Fp IcpXn D]mkn-p-I-bm-sW-n Ah-t\mSp hntZz-j-ap Fm i{Xpfpw kzbw \in-p-p. AXp-t]mse bmsXm-cp- Ahs A]-Im-cn-Ifpw A{]n-bcp-amb _p- Bbncn-p-p-htem Ahcpw \in-p-t]m-Ip-p. hmkvX-hn GsX-nepw cq]-n GsX-nepw D]m-ky-tZ-h-Xsb D]mkn-p-Ibm-sW-n AXv {]Im-cm--c-ambn ]c-{_ ]cta-iz-cs D]m-k-\-X-s-bm-Ip-p. Fm kIm-a-cmb a\p-jy Am-\him Cu clkyw {Kln-m-Xn-cn-p-Xp-Im-cWw `n-`n--i-n-I-fm bp-amb `n `n tZh-X-I-fpsS `n-`n A`n-em-j-fp-sS-kn-n-p-th-n D]m-k \ \Snsmn-c n- p- p. AXn-\ m Ah bYm-Kp-W- -fm hn- X-cm-bn-o-cp-p. AXp- sImv a\p-jy Cu clkyw \mbn {Klnv AJn-e-tZ-h-m-cptSbpw tZh-\mb k-i-n-am-\mb ]c-am-m-hns D]mk\ At-ls s {]m]n-p-- Xn-\p-thn sN-s. At-l-n\npw asmpw B{K-ln--cp-Xv. kw_w GI\mb ]c-am-mhv k{X ]cn-]q-\mIp-p. Cmcyw {Klnv At-ls {]m]n-p--Xp-sImp ^ehpw {]m]n-p--h-cpsS nXnbpw hn-pp.

k bmbw ]pcptj bm-k m- h m-ZntXy k GIx. k b Ghw-hn-Xv. Akvam-tm-I m-X vt{]-Xy. GXa a-b -am- m\ap]-k w-{I-ay. GXw {]mW-ab-XvZ-a-\-ap-]-kw-{I-ay. GXw at\m-a-b-am-m\ ap]kw-{I-ay. GXw hnm- \ -a -b - am- m\ ap]wkw {Iay. GX-am-\--ab amm\ ap]-kw-{I-ay. Camwtm-ImIm-amo Ima-cq]y \pkw-Nc. GXvkmXa Kmb-m-kvtX.
GsXmcp ]c-am-m-hns\ krjvSn-nXn kwlm-c-fpsS Imc-W-ambn apt hnp Ign-n-cn-p-pthm bmsXm-c p- ]c- a m- \ - -k z- c q- ] -\ m-b n-c n- p- p-thm,

140

I Atlw Cu ]pcp-j-\n AXm-bXv a\p-jy-cnepw kqcy-

amb Ahybw BIp-p. B alm-]p-cp-j ]d-bp-p. CXp v \nepw Hp-X- s- bm-Ip-p. AXm-bXv Fm Pohn-I-fnepw hfsc B-cy-I- c- amb kwK- Xn- bm- Ip-p. Fm t`mK- h- kXpA- cym- an- bmbn hncm- Pn-p- Xv Htc Hcp ]c- am-mhp Xs- fpw Ahsb A\p-`-hn-p Pohm-mhpw Ch cnbm-Ip-p. hnhn-[-cq-]--fn At-lns {]Im-i\w t\bpw kwtbm-Pn-n-p ]c-ta-iz-c\pw Rm Xs-bmkw`-hn-p-sIm-n-cn-p-p. bmsXmcp a\p-jy Cu XXzw Ip-p. Rm Xs Cu {]Xy--ambn ImW-s-Sp PK\mbn {Kln- p- pthm Ah h-am\ ico- cs Dt]- n tZh-X-Ipw apmbn Fm-nepw {][m-\-ambn n-p--Xn-\p-ta, A-ab Bm-hv, {]mW-a-b-B-m- {]Xyamb {_hpw BIp-p. ]c-am-\-kz-cq-]-amb hv, at\m-ab Bm-hv, hnm-\ab B-hv, B\-ab A ar- X - ns tI{- a mb ]c- { _- - ] - c - t ai zc\pw Bmhv Fo \ma--fm B ]c-am-\--kz-cq-]-amb ]c- Fn\npw `n- \m-bn-cn-p- n-. AXn-\m At-lhpw {_-s {]m]n-p-p. Ch-sbmw {]m]n-nv AXm-bXv Rm Xs-bm-Ip-p. bmsXm-cp- GsX-nepw hkvXpqe-kq-va-t`-Z--tfm-Sp-IqSn bmsXmv Hns A- hns cq]-n Fs Bs-nepw {]Zm\w sNpcm-m-hm-bnv \m\m-cq-]-n nXn-sN-p-Ibpw AJn- e- pthm Ah Fs sImSp-p-sIm-p-Xs Fs n- sbpw A-cym-an-bmbn ]a-cm-\--kz-cq-]a m-bn-cn-p- cn-p-p. AXm-bXv k ]m{X- n-ep t`mKy-]-Zmpthm At-ls {]m]n-nv a\p- jy ]cym-]vX-amb t`mK- - fpsS Zm\w- Xs At-ls cn-p- hm\p ktmkm- a-{Kn-I-fm bpcpw Cm-\p-k-c-W- ap cq]-sf [cn- -a-amb amw CXn\p hn]-co-X-ambn bmsXm-cp- X\np--Xn-\p in-bm k-cpw Bbn-o-cp-p. p-th-n-s A- cq-]--fmb Fm hkvXp--tfbpw AtXm-Sp-Iq-Sn-s Cu temI--fn Npn--cn-p- A\p`hnp-p-hthm Ahs\ Rm A-cq-]-am-bnp hngpsImv ka-Xm-bp--amb `mhtfm-Sp-Iq-Snb kma-Km\w p-p. AXm-bXv Ahs hn\mi kw`-h n- pp Ahs t`mK- h- kvXp- \ne- \np- n- . Rm kakvX Be-]n-p-sImp hkn-p-p. {_m-WvU-tbpw Xnc-kvIcn-p--h-\m-Ip-p. Fs kw_w Ahs B\--a--amb a\-n bmsXmv aln-a-bpsS Xpe-\n Ch-sbmw Xp--fm-Ip-p. ka-X-bp-tSbpw k-cq-]-X-bp-tSbpw `mhw DWn-smFs {]Im-i-ns tei-am-{X-amb Hcp _np kqcy\p n-cn-p-pthm AXns\ hn-p-p. Xpey-am-Ip-p. AXm-bXv {]]--n {]Im-i-bp--lmhp lmhp lmhp. Al-a--a-l-a--a-l-a-w. fmb F{Xtbm hkvXp--fp-v. Ah-sbmw Xs Fs Al-a-mtZmla-mtZmlav\m-Zx. Alw tmI- tXP-ns Awi-am-Ip-p. bmsXm-cp C{]-Imcw ]cIr-Zlw tmI-Ir-Zlw tmI-Ir-Xv. Al-akvan {]Y- am-- X-Xzs {Kln-p-pthm Ah\pw CtX nXn-Xs aPm EXmky. ]qw tZtht`ymarXky \m`m-bn. {]m]n-p-p.

tbm am ZZmXn k CtZ-h-am-hmx. Al-a--a aZ-am-Zva n. Alw hnizw `ph\ a`y-` -hmw. kph tPymXox. b Ghw thZw CXyp-]-\n-j-Xv.
B alm-]p-cp-js nXn ico-c-n- em-bn-cn-p-n- . Ah ico-c-n \npw Ghpw apI-fn-em-bp-bv ]cam-m-hns\ {]m]n-p-p. Cmcyw BZy-ambn ]d-nv AXn- \ p- t ijw Cu kma- K m- \ s hn- p- p. CXn\npw ]c-am-m-hn-t\m-Sp-IqSn sFIyw {]m]n-p-Ign alm-]p-cp-js Cu ]mh-t\m-ZvKmcw Ahs hnip-amb Ax-Ic-W-n \npw ]pd-s-n-cn-p-Xpw AXns Aeu-InI aln-asb kqNn-n-p- -X p-amWv FXv {]I-S-am-Ip-p. "lmhp' F ]Zw B-cy-tZym-X- I-

imn-] mTw
Hmw iw t\m an{Xx iw hcp-Wx. iw t\m `h-Xzcy-am. iw \ Ct{m _rl-kv]-Xnx. iw t\m hnjvWpcp- c p- { I- a x. \tam {_- t W. \akv t X hmtbm Xzmtah {]Xyw {_m-hm-Zn-j w. EX-a-hmZnjw. kXy-a-h m-Zn-j w. Xm-am-h o-X v. XZz- mc amho-X v. Bhomw Bho-Zz-m-cw. Hmw imnx! imnx !! imnx !!!
CXns Aw inm-h-n-bpsS ZzmZ- im- \p- hm- I-n sImSp-n-p-v.

Q
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141

I
1
imn-] mTw

tizXm-iz-Xtcm-]\n-jv -

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3

Hmw kl \mh-h-Xp. kl \u `p\-p. kl hocyw Ic-hm-h-ssl. tXP-kzn-\m-h-[o-X-a-kvXp. am hnZznjm hssl. Hmw imnx ! imnx !! imnx !!!
tl ]c-am-! Kpcp-in-j y- m-c mb R cpt]pw Fm-{]-Im-c-n-e p-ap kwc-Ww Ap \In-bm-epw. R cp-t]-cp-tSbpw ]cn-]m-e\w Ap kap-Nn-X-a mb coXn-bn \S-n- bm-epw. R cpt]pw Fm-hn-[-n-ep-ap _ew kwkn--am-I-tW. Ay-b\w \S-n-bn-p R-fpsS hnZy tXPx-]qambn `hn--tW. Hcn-epw BtcmSpw hnZy-bn ]cm-Pn-Xcm-Im-sXbpw Pohn-X-Imew apgp-h ]c-k]-c-kt\-l-kq-{Xv v m _n- X- cmbpw R hkn--tW. Rp ]ckv]-ctam A\y-cm-bn-p--h-tcmtSm Hcn-epw hntZzjw Dm-Im-Xn-cn--tW. tl ]c-am-. aqp-Xm-]-pw imn-bp-m-tW!

nXn-sN-bXn-cpp? \psS ]c-a-amb B{ibw BcmWv? v AXp-t]mse \psS A[n-jvTm-Xmhv \app hyhIsfmw sNbvXp-sIm-n-cn-p-Xv Bcv? bmsXm-cp-\m cNn--s hyh-If\p-k-cnv \sfmw kpJ-ZpxJf-\p-`hn-p-sIm-n-cn-p-p. As\ Cu kq PK-ns kphy-h-I sNbvXp-sImv CXns\ \bn- p-s Im- n-c n- p CXns bP-a m- \ BcmWv?

2. Imex kz`mthm \nb-Xnb-Zrm `qXm\n tbm\nx ]pcpj CXn Nnym kwtbmK Gjmw \ Xzm `mhm Zmm-]y-\oix kpJZpxJ-tl-tXmx.

thZ-im-k{X- -fn At\Iw Imc-W- hn-n-cnv pp Fv Ah ]d-bp-hm XpS- n. Nne-bn-Sv Imes Imc-W-ambn ]d-n-cn-p-p. Fp-sIm-sm Hmtcmtcm ka-b--fn-embn hkvXp--fpsS Dhs Ip- sIm- n- cn-p- p. Nne- bn-Sv kz`mhs ImcW-ambn ]d-bpp; Fp-sIm-s-m _oP-n-\-\p-k-cW-am-b n- s hr- ns D- n-b p- m-Ip-p. {]Y-a m- ymbw bmsXmcp hkvXp-hn bmsXmv kzm`m-hn-I-i-n-bm-bn-cnp-pthm AXn\npw AXns Imcyhpw D-hn-plcnx Hmw {_-hm-Znt\m hZ-n -Xm-bn--p-h-cp-p. AXn-\m hkvXp-K-X-amb in1. Inw ImcWw {_ IpXxkva PmXm cq]w bmsXmcp kz`m-h-am-bn-cn-p-pthm AXp-Im-c-WamPohma tI\ Iz N kw{]-XnjvTmx Ipp Fv hy-am-Ip-p. Nne-bn-Sp Is ImcW-ambn ]d-bp-p. Fp-sIm-s-m Im-\p-k-c-W-amA[n-jvTnXmx tI\ kptJ-X-tc-jp bn-s Pohn-I `n--fmb tbm\nIfn `n- -fmb hm-atl {_-hntZm hyhmw. kz`m-hm-Zn-I-fm bp-cmbn P\n-p-p. Nne-bn-Sv BI"lcnx Hmw' C{]-Imcw ]c-am-m-hns \mtam-m-c-W- kvanI kw`-h-sf AXm-bXp hn[nsb Imc-W-ambn ]dtmSpw B ]c-{_--]c-ta-iz-cs kvac-W-tbmSpw IqSn n-cn-p-p. Nne-bn-Sp ]-a-lm-`qXtfbpw Nne-bnD]-\n-jv Bcw-`n-pp Sp Pohm-m-hn-s\bpw PK-ns Imc-W-ambn hn]c-{_ ]c-am-m-hns\ Adn-bp--Xn\pw {]m]n-p-- n-cn-p-p. AXn-\m CXns ImcWw BcmWv Fp Xn-\pw-thn At- l- s- n N sNbvXp-sIm- n-cn-p \app Nnn--Ww. Nnn-- Xn\npw a\-n-em-p-hm Ipdp PnPvRmkp- ]c-k]cw ]d-bp-hm XpSn: "" km[n- p- Xv Imew apX ]- a- lm-`q- X- hsc ]d- nv Atbm thZ--cmb aljn-am-tc, Cu kakvX PK-n- cn-p PU-]-Zm--sfmpw PK-ns Imc-W-am-Ipsbpw ImcWw {_-amsWn B {_lvaw GXmWv? n-s-m-Wv. Ahp {]tXyIw {]tXy-Iamtbm Iqamtbm PK-ns Imc-W-am-Ip-hm km[y-a-. Fp-sIm\-s fmw Bcn\npw DXv` hnp? \psS aqew FmWv? BcpsS {]`mhw sImv \mw Pohn-n-cn-pp? s-m Ch-sbmw PU-h-kvXp--fm-b-Xp-aqew tNX\psS Pohs B[mcw Bcm-Ipp? \psS ]q- \[o\-am-Ip-p. Ch-bn kzX-{- ambn {]hn- p-- v nXn Fn-emWv? AXm-bXv \mw Pohn-p--Xn-\p-apv Xn-\p in-bn-. bmsXmcp PU-hkXpfpsS kwtbmK-n\npw ]pXn-b-Xmbn Hcp hkvXp Dm-Ip-pthm `qX-Im-en D-hn--Xn-\p-tijw h-am-\-Im-enepw AXn-\p-ti-jhpw {]f-b-Im-e -n Bcn AXv AXns km-e-I-tN-\-X- bmb Bm-hns Xs

142

K I A[o-\-n-ep-Xpw A\p-`-hn-m-\p--Xp-am-Ip-p. CXn-s\- aqetam B[m-ctam BIp-p. N{I-ns kpcnX-Xz-n\p-thn AXn-t teml-h-fbw Dd-n-n-cn-p--Xpt]mse Cu Ahy--{]-Ir-Xn-cq-]-am-Ip hf-b-n-t kXzw, cPv Xav Cu aqp KpW- Xs aqp hf-b--f m-bn-cn-p-p. `K-hms ANn-y-in aqp KpW--fm ad- bv-s-n- cn- pp Fv t\cs ]d-pI-gn-n-cn-p-p. N{I-ns hfbw {]tXyIw {]tXyIw kw_w C{]- Imcw Nnn-nv Ah Fp-Xo-cp-am- \np? `mK--fmbn tN-s-n-cn-p--Xp-t]m-se-Xs kwkm-cCtX-n ]d-bpp cq]am-Ip N{I-ns {]Ir-Xn-cq-]-am-Ip hf-b-n 3. tX [ym\-tbm-Km-\p-KXm A]-iy a\-v, _pn, Almcw, AXp-t]mse BIm-iw, hmbp, tXP-v, Pew, `qan Fo Fp kqva-X-Xz-fpw ChtZhm--inw kzKp-ssW \nKpVmw bp-sS-Xs Fp qe-cq-]-fpw C{]-Imcw ]Xn-\m-dp-`mbx Imc-Wm\n \nJn-em\n Xm\n K--fp-v. AXp-t]m-se-Xs F{]-Imcw N{I-n ImepImem- bpm\y[nXn-j vT-tXy-Ix. I LSn-n-n-cn-p-pthm AXm-bXv bmsXmv Hcp `mKC{]-Imcw Nnn-Xn-\p-ti-jhpw bpn-bmepw A\p- p-\nv hf-b-ns Hcp `mKp LSn-n-p-Ibpw adpam-\-mepw Ahv Hcp Xocp-am-\n-se-n--cp-hm `mKw N{I-ns IpS-n LSn-n-p-Ibpw sNbvXn-cnkm[n-msX h-tm Ah-scmw [ym\-tbm-K-n p-p-hthm AtX- {]-Im-cw-Xs Cu kwkm-c-N-{I-n nX-cmbn AXm-bXv X-fpsS a\-n-t\bpw C{n-b- Ax-Ic-W-ns hrn- I- fm-Ip A]-Xn-\-p tfbpw _mly-hn-j-b--fn \npw ]nmn ]c-{_-s A]Xp Imep-I-fpsS m\-fpw ]-a-lm-`q-X--fpsS Adn-bp--Xn\v At-l-s- s Nnn-n-cn-p--Xn Imcyw ]n-{n-b-fpw ]hn-j-b-fpw ]{]mX- c-cm- bn- op. [ym\np [ym\nv Ahv ]c-am-m- W\pw Cu Ccp-]Xp klm-b-Im-ep-IfpsS m\-fpw hns aln-a-bpsS A\p-`hw Dm-bn. Ah ]c-a-tZ-h-\mb BIp-p. Cu N{I-n Fsp hoX-ap km[-\--tfm]c-{_ ]c-ta-iz-cs kzcq-]-`q-X-amb ANn-y-Znhyin- Sp-Iq-Snb Bdp kaq-l- Ah-b-h-cq-]-n hncm-Pn-pbpsS kmm-Xvmcw {]m]n-p. bmsXmv XtdXmb p. Ch Bsdv F t]cn hnfn--s-Sp-p. Pohn-Isf KpW--fm kXz-c-Pkv Xa-p-I-fm ad-bs-n-cn-p- Cu N{I-n _n-n-Sp--Xmbn At\-Icq-]-n {]Ipthm AXm-bXv ImgvNbvp {XnKp-Wam-bn-m-sWnepw S-am-Ip Bk-n-cq-]-n- ep Hcp Xqp-a-c-ap-v. tZhhmkvX-h-n {XnKp-Wpw AXo-X-am-bn-cn-p-p. bm- \w, ]nXr-bm- \w, Cu temI-n Hcp tbm\nbn \npw Atm Ah Imew apX Bm-hp-hsc F{Xtbm Imc- asmcp tbm\n-bn-tep t]mIp--Xn-\p amw C{]-Im-cW- ap]p ]d-n-cp-p-thm, B Fm Imc-W--fp- ap aqp-am--fp-v. ]pWy-I-fpw ]m]-ItSbpw A[n-jvTm- Xmhp bmsXm-cp--\m-Ip-pthm AXm-bXv fpw Cu Pohn-Isf Cu N{Itm-Sp-IqSn Id-p--XnAh- sbmw BcpsS Bbpw t{]c- Wbpw aqew bmsXm- \p \nan--fpw AXn Imep-I Dd-p-\np cp-s in-bpsS GtXm Aev]mwiw sImv Xmm- \m`n AYhm IpSw Am-\hpw BIp-p. Cu IpSw N{I-fpsS I- -sf A\p-jTn-p--Xn ka-cm-bn-cn- ns tI{-am-bn-cn-p--Xp-t]m-se-Xs Am\w Cu v p-pthm B GI-k-i-n-am-\mb ]c-ta-iz-cXs temI-ns tI{hpw BIp-p. Cu PK-ns hmkvX-hnI Imc-W-am-Ip-p. ap bmsXm5. ]-kvtdmtXmw_pw ]-tbm-\y-{K-h{Imw cp--\p-a Fp Xocp-am-\-n Ah-sc-n-tp. q-SmsX ]pcp-j AXm-bXv Pohm-mhv PK-ns ImcW-am-Ip-n- . Fp-sIm-s-m AXp kpJ-Zpx-J--fpsS tlXp-`q-X-- fmb {]mc- _v[[o- \- am- Wv. AXn\pw kzX{-ambn Hpw sNp-hm Ign-bp-n-. AXn-\m ImcW-XXzw astm BWv.

Cu a{-n kwkm-cs \Zn-bpsS cq]-n hn-n- cn-p-p. {_- m-\n-I-fmb B aljn-am ]dCu a{-n hnizs N{I-cq-]n hn-n-cn- bpp Ap mt\-{n-b-fm-Ip t{kmX-tm-Sp-Iqp-p. ]c-{_--]-c-ta-iz-cs kzcq-]-`q-X- amb ANn-y-i- Snb \Znsb R Ip- sIm- n-cn-p-p. {]]--ns nsb Zin-n-p Ejn-am ]d-bpp R Hcp h-f- PvRm\w Ap mt\-{nb h-gn-bmbn Rp b-n Dd-n-n-cn-p N{Is Ip. Cu hf-b-n e`n-p-p. Ch-bnIq-Sn-s {]]w {]h-ln-p-sImB N{I- ns Imep-I fw IShpw Dd- n- p-h m\pw n-cn-p-p. AXn-\m C{nbsf ChnsS t{kmXv N{Is bYm-m-\p LSn-n-p-hm\pw km[n-p-p. Fp ]d-bp-p. Cu C{-b Ap kqva`qX-ChnsS Ahy- {]Ir-Xnsb hfbw Fp ]d-bpp; Fp- fm \nn--s--h-bm-Wv. CXn-\m Cu \Znv Av sIm-s- m AXp-Xs Cu hy-amb {]]--ns DZvK-a-m-\- Dsp Icp-X-s-Sp-p. Cu \Zn-bpsS

4. Xta-I-t\aow {XnhrXw tjmUimw iXm[mcw hnwi-Xn-{]-Xy-cm-`nx. AjvS ssIx jUv`nhn-iz-cq-ss]-I]miw {XnamK-t`Zw Zzna-\n-an-ss-I-tam-lw.

]-{]m-tWmanw ]-_p-ym-Zn-aqemw ]m-hmw ]-Z px-Ju-L-thKmw ]m-iZvt`Zmw ]]m-a-[o-ax.

143

I {]hmlw hfsc `b--c-am-Ip-p. Cu {]hm-ln ]Xn-

\p-k-c- W- ambn B ]c- am- m- hn-\m Id- - s- p- sImp--Xp-sImp IqsS-qsS P\-\-a-c-W-t-i-sf A\p- n- cn-p--Xp-am-Ip-p. Cu Pohm-mhv Xs km-e- I\p `-hn-tn hcp-p. temI-ns KXn Ghpw h{I-X-tbm- a\-n-emn At-l-ns Ir]m-]m-{X-am-bn-o-cm-Xn-cn-pSp-Iq-Sn-b-XmWv; Im]-Sy- \ndXm-Wv. CXn\npw -Xp-hscbpw Xs-s At-l-ns {]nb-\m-nc-s-SpI hfsc {]bm-k-ta-dnb Imcy-am-Wv. AXn-\m op--Xp-h-scbpw CXn\v Cu N{I-n \npw Cu kwkm-c-cq-]am-Ip \Znsb h{IX Fp ]d-bp-p. tamN\w t\Sp-h m km[- p- n- . Cu Pohm- mhv {]]--Po-hn-I-fn kw`-hn-p-sIm-n-cn- tNjvSIfpw Xsbpw Fm-n-tbpw t{]c-I-\mb ]c-am-mhns\ Ne-\ - fpw {]mWaqew kw`-hn-p- p. AXn-\m \mbpw {]tXyIw {]tXy- I-ambpw a\-n-em- p- Ibpw At- {]mWs\ `h-k-cn-ns Xcw-K-am-e-I-tfm-Sp-]- an-n-cn-p-p. l-ns Id-sImv Rm Cu kwkm-cN{I-n \Zn-bnse tImfn-fw Xcw-K--fm kw`-hn-p-p. ]- Id-n-sm-n-cn-pp Fpw At-l-ns Ir]-bm m-t\-{nbZzmcm kw`-hn- p NmpjmZn Ap Xs tamNn--s-Sp-hm km[n-p-sapw a\-n-em-p{]Imcfn-ep m\--fp-tSbpw BZn-Im-cWw a\-m- Ibpw sNptm ]c-ta-iz-cs {]nb-\m-bnv At-lIp-p. Fm m\-fpw a\-ns hrn-I Xs- m kzoIm- cy- \mbn `hn-p-p. ]ns Aa- c- Xzs {]m]nbm-Ip-p. a\-p-m-bn-cn-p-n-s-n C{-b- F{X- p-I bpw P\-\-a -c -W-c q-] -am-Ip kwkm-c-N -{I-n v am{Xw {ian-mepw bmsXm-cp- hn-[-n- ep-ap m\w {]m]n- \npw Fs-t-bp-ambn tamN\w t\Sp-Ibpw ]caim p-hm km[n-p--X- . Cu a\v kwkm-c-cq-]-am-Ip n-tbbpw AXp-t]m-s e-X s k\m-X -\ -Zn-hy-]-c-a -[ m-a\Zn-bpsS aqe-am-Ip-p. a\v imn-bSm \in- sbpw {]m]n-p-Ibpw sNp-p. pIgnm Cu {]]ns AkvXnXzw Cu cq]7. DZvKo-X-ta-XXv ]caw Xp {_ n \ne-\np-n-. a\v \ne-\np--Xp-hsc Xkvanw kv{Xbw kp{]-Xn-jvTm-cw N. kwkm-c-N{Ihpw \ne-\np-p. C{n-b-fpsS i_vZw, A{Xm-cw {_-hntZm hnZnXzm kv]iw apX-emb Ap-hn-j-b-Xs Cu kwkm-ccq-]-am-Ip \Zn-bnse Npgn-I-fm-Ip-p. CXn AI-sv eo\m {_Wn XXv]cm tbm\n-apmx Pohn-I P\-\a-cW N{I-n ]Xn-p-p. K`-th-Z-\, bmsXm-nsd alna thZfn Km\w sN-s-n-cnP\-\Zpx-Jw, hmy-Iy-ns thZ-\, tcmKw-aq-eap p-pthm bmsXmcp ]c-{_ ]c-am- mhv AJn-e ZpJw, ac-W-`bw Cu An-\n- ep ZpxJ-Xs nsbpw ktm--a-amb B{ib-am-bn-cn-p-pthm Cu \Zn-bnse {]hm-l-ns thK-X-bm-Ip-p. Ch-bpsS At-l-ns {XntemIfp-tSbpw kap-Zm-b-cq-]-amXtem-SsImv Pohn-I hymIp-e-cm-Ip-Ibpw Cu tbm\nIp kakvX hnizhpw kvYnXn-sN-p-p. Atlw Xs bn\nv asmcp tbm\n-bn-tev Ae-p-\-S-p-Ibpw apI-fn ]d-n-cn-p kI-e-n-sbpw t{]c-I\pw HcnsNp-p. Am-\w, Almcw, cmKw, tZzjw, arXypepw \mi-an-m ]c-am-- c\pw ]c-a-tZ-h\pw BIp-p. `bw Cu Ap-hn-[-n-ep ti- Cu kwkm-c-cqbmsXm-cp- [ym\-tbm-K- n nX- cm-bnp ]c-am-m]-\-Zn-bpsS Ap-hn-`m-K- -fm-Ip-p. CXp-t]mse Xs hns Znhyinsb Zin-p- Ibpw thZ-c-l-kys {KlnAp-hn-`m-K--fn-embn Cu {]]-hpw hn`-Pn--s-n-cnp-I bpw sNbvX n-c p- pthm B aljn-a m Fmp-p. Cu An-sbpw Iqw-Xs kwkm-c-ns nsdbpw t{]c- I- \mb B ]c-am- m- hns\ XfpsS lrZkzcq-]hpw Ax-Ic-W-ns A\-]Xp-hr-n-I Cu b--fn A-cym-an-bmb cq]-tm-Sp-IqSn hncm-Pn-pp \Zn- b psS A]Xp cq]- fpw BIp- p. Ax- I Fp a\-n-em-n, At-l-n Bk--cmb At-lcWns hrn-Isf FSp-p-sIm-p-Xs kwkm-cn eo\-cmbn Fs-tbvpw P-a-c-W tbm\n-Ins t`Z-sf a\-n-em-p-p. fn\npw ap-cm-bn-o-cp-p. Ah-cpsS ams A\p6. khm-Pot k-kwt _rlt I-cnv \ap-s-m-hpw Ah-sc-tmse P\-\a -c-Wfn\np tamN\w {]m]n-nv ]c- am-m-hn eo\- cm- Ip-hm Akvan lwtkm {`maytX {_-Nt{I Ign-bp-p. ]rY-Km-m\w t{]cn-Xmcw N aXzm

PpjvS -kvX -X -k vtX-\ m-ar-X-Xz-ta-X n.


bmsXm- ns\ t\cs hn- p- I - g n- pthm bmsXmv AJn- en- sbpw Poh-\-\n-l-W-ns tlXp-hm-bn-cn-p-pthm bmsXmv kakvX Pohn-I-fpsSbpw B{i-b-am-bn-cn-p-p-thm. A-s\-bp P-KZv cq]am-Ip {_-N-{I-n ]c-{_--]-c-am-m-hn-\m \S-s-Sp-Xpw ]c-am-m-hns Xs-bmb hncmSv icoc-cq-]am-Ip kwkm-c-N-{I-n Cu Pohm-mhv Xs I-

kw_w C\n B ]c-am-m-hns kzcq-]s hnnv At-ls Adn-bp--Xp-sIm-p-m-Ip ^ew hnhcn-pp

8. kwbp--ta-XXv c-a-cw N hym-hyw `ctX hniz-aoix A\oimm _[ytX t`mr-`m-hm-Pv mXzm tZhw apNytX k-]m-ssix.

144

hn\mi kz`m- h- tm- S Iq-Snb PU-hw `K- hms A]pcm-{]-Ir-Xn-sbpw c-X-Xz-sapw ]d-bs-Sp-Ibpw `Khms ]cm-{]-Ir-Xn-cq-]-amb Poh-k-ap-Zmbw A-c-X-Xzns \ma-tm-Sp-IqSn hnfn--s-Sp-Ibpw sNp-p. Ch cntbpw kwtbm-K-n\n-p-mb {]I-Shpw (qew) A{]-I-S-hpw (kq-vaw)-amb cq]-n nX- amb Cu PK-ns\ B ]c-{_ ]pcp-tjm--a Xs ]cn-]m-enp--h\pw kzmanbpw t{]c-I\pw AXp-t]mse Fm-ns\bpw bYmtbmKyw Nen-n-p--h\pw \nb-{n-p--h\p-amb ]c-ta-iz-c-\m-Ip-p. Pohm-mhv Cu PK-ns hnj-b--fpsS t`mm-hm-bn-cn---Xp-Im-cWw {]Ir-Xn-[o-\-amb CXns taml-Pm-e--fn Ipcp-n--gn-bp-Ibpw ]c-a-tZ-h-\mb ]c-am-m-hns t\tc ZrjvSn-bp-bm-sXbn-cn-p-Ibpw sNpp. Hcp-h B k kplr-mb ]c-am-m-hns Assl-Xp-I-amb Zb-bm alm-]p-cp-j-mcpsS _w e`n-nv At-ls Adn-bp--Xn-\p A`nem-j-tm-Sp-IqSn ]q-ambn ]cn-{i-an-ptm B ]c-atZ-h -\ mb ]c-t a- i z- c s\ Adn- nv Fm _- fn\npw \nXy-ambn cs-Sp-p. kw_w hopw Pohm-mhv, ]c-am-m-hv, {]IrXn Cu aqnsdbpw kzcq-]s {]tXyIw {]tXyIw hn-nv, Cu XXzs {Klnv D]m-kn-p--Xp-sImp ^ew ASp cp a{--fn-embn hnh-cn-p-p.

{Kln-p-tm, Fm _--fn\npwAh hnap-\m-bn-o-cp- p.

kw_w ap]-d-n-cn-p a{- -fnse aqp XXz-fp-tSbpw hni-Zo-I-cWw ASp a{- n hy-am-nbn-cn-p-p.

10. cw {][m-\-a-ar-Xm-cw lcx cm-m-\m-ho-itX tZh GIx. Xkym-`n-[ym-\mZv tbmP-\mXv XXz-`m-hmZv `qb-mt hniz-am-bm-\n-hr-nx.
{]Ir-Xn-bm-Is cw AXm-bXv ]cn-h-\-tm- Sp-IqSn- bXpw hn\m- i-kz-`m-h-tm- Sp-Iq-Sn-bXpw BIp-p. CXns t`mm-hmb Poh-k-ap-Zmbw Ahn-\m-ikz`mh-tm-Sp-IqSnb A-c-X-Xz-hp-am-Ip-p. Cu chpw A-chpw (PU-{]-Ir-Xnbpw tNX-\m-Po-h-k-ap-Zm-b-hpw), cn-s\bpw XXzn GI-\mb ]c-a-tZ-h-\mb ]c-ta-iz-c `cWw \S-pp. Atlw Xs {]m]n-p--Xn\pw Adn-bp--Xn\pw tbmKy-\m-Ip-p. At-ls XXz-tm-Sp-Iq-Sbn {KlnWw C{]-Imcw ZrV-\n-bw sNbvXnv B ]c-am-mhns\ \nc- cw [ym\n- p- -Xp-sIm-v, cmhpw ]Iepw Atl-nXs kwe--ambn hkn-p--Xp-sIm-v, At-lns X-bo- `-hn- p-- Xp-sIm-v, Ah-km\w Atl- s - s {]m]n- p- p. ]ns CXns Fm ambIpw ]q-amb \nhr-n-bp-m-Ip-p. AXm-bXv ambm-a-bamb Cu PK-n\npw CXns kw_w ]q-ambpw hnt-Zn--s-Sp-p. kw_w ]c-{_-s Adn-bp--Xp-sIm-p ^ew hopw hnh-cn-p-p.

9. mu Zzmhm-ho-i-\o-im hPm tlyIm t`mr-t`m-Kym-bp-m. A\mm hniz-cqt]m lyIm {Xbw bZm-hn-tX {_-ta-XXv. Cuiz-c k-\pw k-i-n-am\pw BIpp; Pohn-I Aev]-cpw Aev]in-tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bhcpw BIp-p, Ch cpw AP-m--fm-Wv. Ch-sb-q-SmsX aqm-a-sXmcp inbpw AP-m-hm-bp-v. AXns\ {]IrXn- sbp ]d-bp- p. CXv t`mm-hmb Pohm-m- hn-\p- th Fm t`mKy-]-Zm--tfbpw Xm- dm-n-sm-n-cn- p-p. Cu aqpw AP-m--fm-bn--s-bn-cn-pp; A\m-Zn-bmbn-cn-p-p. Fn-cp-mepw Cuiz-c ap cp XXz-tf-bpw-Im t{ijvT-\m-Ip-p; Fp-sIm-s-m B ]cam-mhv A- c- ln- X-\m-p-p. ]q-amb Cu hnizw Atl-ns kzcq]w Xs- bmWv; hncmSv icocw Xs- bm-Ipp. Atlw Fmw {]hn-p-sImv ]q-P-K-ns cN-\bpw ]me-\hpw kwlm-chpw \S-p-p. Fm hmkv X - h - n Hpw Xs sNp- n- . F psImsm Atlw Imhv F Al- m- c n\npw cln-X-\m-Ip-p. a\p-jy C{]-Imcw Cu aqn-sbpw Akm-[m-c-W-Xz-tbpw hn`n--X- tbbpw a\n-em-n-s At-ls {_-cq- ]-n {]m]nv Cu {]Ir-Xnbpw Pohn-Ifpw Cu ]c-ta-iz-cs {]Ir-Xnbpw ]cta-iz-c Ch-bpsS bP-am-\\pw BsWv {]Xy--ambn

11. mXzm tZhw k-]m-im-]-lm\nx ossWx tssiP--arXyp {]lmWnx Xkym`n[ym\mXv XrXobw tZlt`tZ hnssizizcyw tIhe B]vXIm-ax. ]c-a-]p-cp-j-\mb ]c-am- m-hns\ [ym\np [ym\np km[-I B ]c-a-tZ-hs\ a\-n-em-ptm Ahs kakvX _-\fpw \nXy-ambn kYm \in-p-t]mIpp; Fp-sIm-s-m Ahn-Zy, cmKw, Al-m-cw, tZzjw-, ac-W-`bw Cu Apt-i--fp-tSbpw hn\miw kw`-h n- p- -X p-I m-c Ww Ahs P\-\ -a -c -W - -f psS A`mhw F- tbvpw kw`-hn-p-p. AXn-\m Ah ]no-sSm-cn-epw Cu _-\--fn AI-s-Sp-n-. Cu ico-cns \miw kw`-hn-p-I-gn-m Ah XrXo-btem-Ins AXm-bXv kz-ns Ghpw Db m\-a mb {_-temIw hsc-b p Ghpw henb sFizcy-sf XyPn-nv {]Ir-Xn-bn\npw hnbp-hpw kYm hnip--hp-amb ssIh-ey-]-Zs {]m]nv ]qIm-a-\m-bn-o-cp-p. Ah\p bmsXm-cp-hn- [-n-ep-ap A`n-

145

I em-j- Dm-Ip-n-. Fp-sIm--m Ah Fm s


A`n-em-j--fp-tSbpw ^ew {]m]n-p-I-gn-n-cn-p-p. kw_w Adn-bp-hm tbmKy-amb XXzs hopw hn-p-p.

14. kztZ-l-a-cWnw IrXzm {]Whw tNm-cm-c- Wnw. [ym\-\na-Y-\m-`ym-kmZv tZhw ]tiy-n-Kq-V-h-Xv.

12. GXPv PvtRbw \nXy-ta-hm--kww \mXx ]cw thZn-Xhyw ln InwNn-Xv. t`mm t`mKyw t{]cn-Xmcw N aXzm kw t{]mw {Xnhn[w {_-ta-XXv. -

Cu ]c-{_ ]pcp-tjm--a Xs Xs lrZ-bn A-cym-an-bmb cq]-n hkn-p-p. CXns\ Adn-bp--Xn\v shfn-bn-sepw t]mtI--Xmb Bhiyan. Ct-ls Adn-bp--Xn\v Ftmgpw ]cn-{i-an--Ww. Fp-sIm-s-m Ct-l-n-\p-]-cn-bmbn Adn-bp--Xn\p asmcp hkvXp-hp-an-. Cu GIs Adn-bp--XpsIm-p-Xs Fm m\fpw Dm-Ip-p. Ctlw Xs Fm-n-sbpw Imc- Whpw ]c- am- [m-chpw BIp-p. 15. Xntejp ssXew Z[-\oh kn a\p- jy t`mmhpw (Po- hm- m-hv) t`mKy (P-U-h-kvXp)hpw cm]x kvtdmXx kzc-Wojp Nmnx BIp-p. Cu cn-sbpw t{]c-I\mb Cuiz-cs\ Adnbptm Fmw a\-n-em-p- p. ]ns bmsXmpw AdnGh-a mm\n KrlytXku tb--Xm-bn--h-ti-jn-p-n-. bmsXm-cp-s Cu aqp ktXy-ss\\w X]km tbm\p ]iy-Xn. t`Z--tfbpw hnh-cn- n-cn-p-pthm Ah Xs ka-{K-amb F{]-Imcw Fn Fbpw ssXcn shbpw DW{_-am-Ip-p. AXm-bXv PU-{]-Ir-Xnbpw tNX-\m-mhpw n-hc \Zn-bpsS Dn-ep Dd-hn Pehpw Ac-Wn-Ah cnsbpw B[m-chpw \nbm-a -I-\p-amb ]c-amSn-bn Anbpw Hfnn- cn-p-pthm AtX- {]-Imcw Xs mhpw Ch aqpw {_-ns cq]- Xs- bm- Ip-p. ]c-am-mhv \psS lrZ-b-cq-]-am-Ip Kpl-bn Hfnnkw_w ]d-b-s tb- X- Xzs Adn- bpXn\p cn-p-p. F{]-Imcw AXm-Xp-m-\--fn Hfn-n-cnD]m-bs hnh-cn-pp p ssXem-Zn- Isf Ah-bvp- ]-d-n-p D]m-b- -fm D]-e_v[-am-p-hm Ign-bp-pthm AtX-{]-Imcw GsX13. hlvt\bYm tbm\n-K-Xky aqn nepw km[-I hnj-b-fn hnc--\m-bnv kZm-Nm-c\ ZriytX ss\h N enMvK-\mix \n-c-X-\m-bn, kXy-`m-j-Ww, kZm-Nmcw Fo X]-ky-h-gnk `qb Gth--\-tbm\n Krly bmbn km[-\I A\p-jvTn-p-sImv apI-fn ]d-np coXn-bn At-ls \nc-cw [ym\n-p-sImp kvXtZzm-`bw ssh {]W-th\ tZtl. hkn-p-p. Ah hgn-bmbn Ah\p ]c-am-m-hns\ {]m]nF{]-Imcw Xs tbm\n AXm-bXv {]I-S-am-bn-p p-hm Ign-bp-p. m\-hn-ti-j-amb C-\-fn nXn-sN-p An16. k-hym-]n-\-am-m\w otc bpsS cq]w-t]mse ImW-s-Sp-n-. Fm Cm-c-Wkn-cn-hmnXw m An-bn-sp Icp-Xp-n-. Fm Cm-c-Wm An-bnsp Icp-Xp-n-. Xo-bmbpw AXpB-hn-Zym-X-t]m-aqew XZv {_tm] sp AwKo- I-cn-p- sImv AcWn (D-cp Xobp- m- p \njXv ]cw. XSn--j-W-) aY\w sNbvXp-Ign-bptm C-\-cq-]XZv{_-tm-]-\n-jXv ]cw. am-Ip Xs m\-p-\nv AXn\p hopw Pzen-p-bB- hn-Zybpw X]hpw At-ls {]m]n- p--Xn- \p cp-hm Ign-bp-p. AXp-t]m-se-Xs D]-cy--amb Pohmaqekm[-\-bm-Ip-p. bmsXmv ]men ss\bvp-Xpeyw mhpw ]c-am- mhpw lrZ-b-c q-]-am-Ipp. XfpsS m\v Hfnp-h -k n- nv {]Xy- -s-S m-X n-c n- p- p. k{X ]cn-]q-am-bn-cn-p-pthm km-- cym-an-bmb Fm "Hmw' Fp P]w hgn-bmbn km[\ sNbvXp-I- B ]c-am-m-hns\ apIfn ]d-n-cn-p B km[-I gn-m icoc-ns CXns kmm-Xvmcw a\- n-e m- p- p. "Atlw Xs-b m- I pp D]- \ n-j pfn hn--s-n-cn-p ]ca XXz-amb {_w Dm-Ip-p.

Ansb {]I-S-am-p--Xn\p cv Ac-Wn--Sn-Isf Iqn-bp-c-bp--Xp-t]m-se-Xs Xs ico-c-n ]c-a-]pv cp- j-\mb ]c- am-m-hns\ {]m]n-p- -Xn-\p- thn ico- cs ASn-bn shbv-s-Sp XSn-bmn amp-Ibpw Hmmcs apI-fnse XSn-bmbn amp-Ibpw thWw. AXm-bXv ico-cs ASn-- Sn-bmbn kz`m-h-tm-Sp-IqSn \n-e-am- nsmp apI-fn-es XSn-p-Xpeyw HmwIm-cs i_vZw hgn-bmbn P]n- p-Ibpw a\-m AXns A- cq-]- amb ]a-cm-m-hns\ \nc-cw Nnn-p-Ibpw thWw. C{]-Im-cap Cu aY-\cq-]-am-Ip [ym\-kz-cq-]m-`ym-k-m km[I hnd-In Hfnn-cn-p An-p-Xpeyw Xs lrZ-b-n Hfnn-c n- p ]c-a -tZh ]c-ta-iz-c s\ HmWw {]Xy--am--Ww.

146

I An-a-hm-Iys ]\-cm-hn-p-Xv Aym-b-ns


kam-]Xnsb kqNn-n-p- -Xn-\p-th-n-bm-Ip-p. v

ZznXo-bm- ymbw
kw_w BZys A[ym-b-n ]c-a-tZ-h-\mb ]cam-m-hns kmm-Xvm-c-n-\p {][m-t\-]m- b-ambn [ym\s hnti-jn-n-n-cn-p-p. B [ym\- ns {]{Inb a\-n-em-p--Xn\v Cu cm-aX-ymbw Bcw-`n-p-p. CXn BZy-ambn [ym\-ns knn-p-th-n-bp Ap a{--fn ]c-ta-iz-c-t\mSp {]mn-t {]Imc-sf hnh-cn-pp.

pXn\p [ym\-n ka-cm-bn- o- cp- p. \psS a\pw _pnbpw C{n-bfpw {]Imiw hym]n-np sImn-cn-pw. \n{Z, Ae-k-X, AI-WyX apX-emb tZmj- \psS [ym\-n hnLv\w Dm-m-Xn-cn --s.

4. bpRvPtX a\ DX bpRvPtX [ntbm hn{]m hn{]ky _rltXm hn]-nXx hntlm{Xm Zt[ hbp-\m-hn-tZI Clo tZhky khnXpx ]cn-jvSp-Xnx.
t{ijvT-_p-n-tbm-Sp-Iq-Snb {_m-Wm-Zn-I-fmb A[n-Imcn- I X- fpsS a\- ns\ bmsXmcp ]c-{_- - ]- c- am-m- hn tNp-pthm AXp-t]mse X-fpsS Fm {]Im-c-nep-ap _pn-bpsS BkvXn-Iys \nbp--am-p-phthm bmsXm-cp- An tlm{Xm-Zn-ip-`-I- -fpsS hn[m\w sNp-pthm bmsXm-cp- PK-ns hnNm-csf Adn-bp--h\pw GI\pw AZzn-Xo-b\pw Bbn-cn-ppthm A-s\-bp alm\pw k-hym-]nbpw k\pw AJn- en- sbpw Dm-Z-I-\p-amb ]c-a-tZ-h-]-cta-iz-cs\ \mw Ahiyw ]cn-]q-ambn kvXpXn--Ww.

1. bpRvPm\x {]Yaw a\-kvXXzmb khnXm [nbx At tPymXn\n-Nm ]rYnhym A[ym-`c-X. AJn-e -tbpw krjvSn ]c-a m-mhv BZy-ambn \psS a\-n-tbpw _pn-bp-tSbpw hrn- IfpsS XXz{]m-]Xn-p-thn Xt-Xmb Znhy-kz-cq-]-n cq]-s-Spv p-Ibpw An apX-emb C{n-bm-`n-am-\n-I-fmb tZhXIsf hnj-bsf {]Im-in-n-p--Xn-\p kmay s ZrjvSn- bn Ip- sImv _mly- hn-j-b--fn \npw ]nh-env \psS C{n-b--fpsS {]Imiw _mly-ambn \jvS-s-SmsX _pnpw a\-n\pw klm-b-I-am-bn-cn-p-Xn\v C{n-b--fn \nt-]n-p.

5. bptP hmw {_ ]qhyw \tam-`n hn tmI GXp ]tYyh kqtcx. irWzp hntiz Aar-Xky ]p{Xm B tb [mam\n Znhym\n Xpx.

Atbm a\-t, _pn, Rm \n cp t]cptSbpw kzmanbpw AJn-e-P-K- ns BZn-Im- c-W-hp-amb ]c{_ ]c-am-m-hns\ XpS-bmbn \a-kvI-cn-p-sImv kpht-b mb iym. hn\-b-]qw At-l-ns ic-W-n sNv At-l\-sfmw AJn-e-tbpw krjvSn ]c- a-tZ-h-\mb ]c- n kwe--\m-bn-o-cp-p. Fm Km\w sN-s a-tZ-hs Bcm[\m-cq-]-amb b-n apgp-Inb a\-p- ]c-ta-iz-cs aln-am-h\w hnZzm-m-cpsS Ion-ph-gn-bmbn ]c-am-\--{]m-]vXn-p-thn ]q-i-n-tbmsS Xpeyw temI-n hym]n--s. AXns\ Znhy-tem-I- -fn {]b-Xv\n--Ww. AXm-bXv \psS a\v \nc-cw `K-h-Zm- \nh-kn-p Ahn-\m-in-bmb ]c-am-m-hns Fm ]p{Xcm-[- \-bn apgp-Ip-bpw \mw `K-hXv {]m]vXn-bn\npw P\y- mcpw \-Xp-t]mse {ihn--s. am- Ip ]c-am-\- -ns A\p- `q-Xn- p-thn ]qin kw_w [ym\- n-\p- thn ]c- am- m-hn- t\mSp {]mntbm-Sp-IqSn {]b-n-p-Ibpw sN-Ww. p--Xn-\p {]Im-c-sf ]d--tijw C\n Bdmw-a-{3. bpzmb a\km tZhm kph-cytXm n B [ym\-ns nXnsb hn-p-Ibpw Ggmw [nbm Znhw a{-n a\p-jys\ B [ym\-n hym]r-X-\m-p-Xn\p \ntiw \Ip-Ibpw sNp-p. _rl-tymXnx Icn-jyXx khnXm

2. bpt\ a\km hbw tZhky khnXpx kth.

{]kp-hmXn Xm.
A J n- e - n- s bpw {kjv S m- h m- b n - c n- p B ]ctaizc a\-n-sbpw C{n-b-fp-sSbpw A[n-jvTm\-tZ-h-X-Isfbpw kzm-Zn-temIfnepw BIm-i- nepw k-cn-p henb {]Imiw hym]n-n-p--h-tbbpw \psS a\-tmSpw _pn-tbmSpw kwbp--am-n-bnv \app {]Imiw {]Zm\w sNp--Xn\p t{]cW \In. Xm-cWw sImp \mw ]c-ta-iz-cs\ kmm-Xv-cn-

6. Anb-{Xm-`n-a-YytX hmbpb-{Xm-[ncp[ytX tkmtam b{Xm-Xn-cn-NytX X{X kwPm-btX a\x.


bmsXm-cp-h--bn An-bp- m-p- -X n-\p-thn Ac-Wn--Sn-Iaqew aY\w \S-p--Xp-t]mse Anm-\o- b- amb ]c- am-m-hns\ {]m]n-p- - Xn-\p-thn BZya-{- - fn ]d-n- cn- p coXn- tbm- Sp- IqSn ico- cs ASnbn-es Ac-Wn--Sn-bmbpw HmwIm-cs apI-fn-es Ac-W n-bmbpw I]n- nv AXns P]hpw AXns

147

I A-cq-]-amb ]c-am-m-hns \nc--c-am-bp Nnm-cq]hpw sImv aY\w \S--s-Sp-p. FhnsS {]mW-hm-bphns\ hn[n-]qw \m-bnv \ntcm-[n-p-pthm FhnsS B\-cq-]-amb tkma-ckw AXy-[n-I-ambn {]I-S-am-ppthm B [ym\m-h--bn a\p-jys a\v kYm hnip-- am-bn-o-cp- p.

p. Ch-sb-m-n-s\bpw XyPn-nv Fs-t-bvp-ambp Aa-c-]-Zs {]m]n--Ww.

7. khn{Xm {]k-th\ PqtjX {_ ]qhyw. X{X tbm\nw IrW-htk \ ln tX ]q-a- n-]- Xv.

9. {]mWm {]]o-tUyl kwbp--tNjvSx otW {]mtW \mkn-I-tbm-z-ko-X. ZrjvSm-iz-bp--anh hml-ta\w hnZzm at\m [mc-tb-Xm-{]-a-x.

hnZzm-\mb km[-I Cu m\-tbmK km[-\-bvpthn Blm-cm-Zn-I-fmb Fm {]hr-n-I-tfbpw bYmtbmKyw sNbvXp-sIm- n-cn-- Ww. Ahsb [ym\-tbm-K-nAtbm km[-I, AJne {_m-WvU-ns Dev]m-Z- \p-]-bp-- - fm- n-o-Ww. tbmK-im- k{X- ns hn[nv I\pw km--cym-an-bp-amb ]ctaiz-cs t{]c-W-bm {]-Imcw {]mW-bmaw sNbvXp-sNbvXv {]mW AXyw AXm-bXv apI-fn ]d-n-cn-p coXn-bn At-ls kqva-am-bn-o-cp-tm \mkn-I- fnqSn AXns\ shfnkvXpXn-p-sImv At-l-n\nv A\p-aXn {]m]n-p- bn-tep Xn--f-b-Ww. AXn\ptijw ZpjvSm-iz--fm sImv \n B BZn-]-c-{_-a-]-c-am-m-hns\s ]q-s cYs ka-\mb kmcYn F{]-Imcw AXntkh\w (k-am-cm-[-\) sN-Ww. B ]c-ta-iz-c-\ns {i-- tbm-Sp-IqSn \bn-p-sImp kpc- n- X-am-nqSn B{ibw {]m]n--Ww. At-l-n ic-Ww-{]m-]n-nv sImp-t]m-Ip-pthm AXp- t]m-se-Xs km[- I\pw Xs At-l-ns kzbw hneo-\-am-bn-o-c-Ww. C{]- a\-ns\ {i-tbm-Sp-IqSn Xs kzm[o-\-h-e-b-n kpcImcw {]hn- m, \n ap]p- ap-Xte sN-s- n-p n- X- amn \n-Ww. A-s\-bm-sW-n tbmK-km-[Fm kn-X-I- fpw hnLv\-Im-cn-bm- bn-o-cp- n-, \-bn bmsXm-cp-hn-[amb hnLv\fpw kw`-hn-msX _-\-cq-]-am-bn- o-cp-n-. Ah ]c-am-m-hns {]Xn-cq-]-e-y-n Fp-Ibpw kw_w [ym\-tbm-K-ns km[\ A\p-jTn-p-- sNpw. v h F{]-Imcw Ccn--Ww, Fs\ [ym\n-- Ww. Cu hnj- kw_w ]c-{_ ]c-am-m-hn a\-ns\ ebn-n-pb-s-n {]Xn-]m-Zn-pp -Xn\v F-s\-bp m\v F-s\-bp `qan-bn

8. {Xncp-Xw m]y kaw icocw lrZo-{n-bmWn a\km kw\n-th-iy. {_tm-Up-t]\ {]X-tcX hnZzm t{kmXmwkn kmWn `bm-h-lm-\n.
bmsXm-cp- [ym\-tbm-K-ns km[\ A\p-jvTnp-pthm B _pn-am-\mb km[-I inc-v, Kfw, amnSw Chsb Dbn-\n-s, AXp-t]mse icocs t\scbpw nc-ambpw hbv-s. Fp-sIm-sm ico-cs t\scbpw nc-ambpw hbv-s. FpsIm-s- m ico-cs t\scbpw nc-ambpw \nmsXbpw incpw Kfhpw h--ehpw Dbm-sXbpw Ccp-m Be-kyhpw \n{Zbpw ap-am-bp hnLv\- hp`-hn-p-p. AXn-\m Cu hnLv\-- fn\npw cs]-Sp--Xn\p tad {]Im-c-n Ccn--Ww. CXn-\ptijw Fm C{n-b--tfbpw _mly-hn-j- b--fn\npw amn-bnv a\-n-\m Ahsb lrZ-bn \ntcm-[np \n-Ww. ]ns HmwIm-c-cq-]-am-Ip \uI-bpsS B{ib-tm-Sp-IqSn AXm-bXv HmwIm-c-ns P]-tmSpw AXns hmNy-amb ]c-{_ ]c-am-m-hns [ym\-tmSpw-IqSn Fm `bm-\-I--fmb {]hm-l--tfbpw XcWw sNbvXv Asc Fn-t-c- Ww. \m\m-tbm-\n- I-fn \npw km-Zn-n-p F{Xtbm hmk-\-Ifp-v. Ah-sbmw P\\-a-cW cq]--fm-Ip `bw P\n-n-p {]hm-l--fm-Ip-

Ccpp km[\ \S-Ww F-Xns\ hnh-cn-p-p.

10. kta ipNu i-cm-h-n-hm-epIm hnhntX i_vZ-P-em-{i-bm-Zn-`nx. at\m\pIqte \ Xp Np-]o-Ut\ Kplm-\n-hm-Xm-{i-btW {]tbm-P-tb-Xv.
ChnsS [ym\-tbm-K -n-\p-] -bp--amb m\s hn-p- p. [ym\-tbm-K- ns km[-\-b\pjvTnp km[-I ka-\n-ctm-Sp-Iq-Snb `qanbpw \navt\mX--fmXpw hf-hp-Xn-cn-hn-m-Xpw Fm {]Im-c-nepw hrn-bp-Xpw kzm`m-hn-I-ambn ]hn-{X-X-tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bXpw tZhm-e-bw, Xo-m\w BZn-bm-b-h-t]mse Np-N-hdpw NcpIfpw Cm- Xpw An-b p-tSbpw shbn-ensbpw NqSn- m-Xpw a\-ns\ Cf-p i_vZ-tIm-eml-e--fn-m-Xpw tImem-l-e-ns ]q-amb A`m-hap-m-bn-cn-p-Xpw Bh-iy-n\p Pew e`n-p-Xpw Fm hf-sc-b-[nIw Bfp-I hcn-Ibpw t]mIbpw sNp Pem-i-bw-t]mse Am-Xn-cn-p-Xpw ico-c-c-bvp-]- bp- - amb B{i- b-tm- Sp-Iq-Sn-bXpw Fm [im-e-t]mse AkwJyw Bfp-I hcn-Ibpw t]mIbpw sNm-Xn-cn-p--Xp-amb CSw Bbn-cn-Ww km[\ sNp-Xn\p sXc-s-Sp-t-- Xv. kw_w tbmKm-`ymkw \S-p km[-Is km[\

148

I icntbm sXtm F-dn-bp--Xn-\p D]mbw ]d-bp-p.


11. \olm-c[p amm-\n-em-\em\mw JtZym-X -hn-Zyp-Xvk v^ -Sn-I -i-ko-\mw. GXm\n cq]mWn ]pc--cmWn {_-Wy-`n-hy-n-I-cmWn tbmtK.
km[-I ]c-{_ ]c-am-m-hns {]m]vXn-p-thn [ym\-tbm-K-ns km[-\-bm-cw-`n-ptm Ah\v Xs apn Nne-tm aqSa-n\p Xpey-amb cp]w A\p-`h-s-Sp-p. Nne-tm ]pI-t]mse ImW-s-Sp-p. Nnetm kqcy-s\-tmse {]Imiw k{X ]cn-]q-ambn ImW-s-Sp-p. Nne-tm \n-e-amb hmbp-hn-s\-tmse \ncm-Im-c-cq]w A\p-`-h-n hcp-p. Nne-tm Anp kZr-i-amb tXP-tm-Sp-IqSn ImW-s-Sp-p. Nne kabw anm-an-\p-n\p kZriw ann-an-n-am-bp--Xmbn tXmpp. Nne-tm CSn-a n--e n-\ p-Xpeyw I-n-n- p {]Imiw P\n-n-p--Xmbn ZrjvSn-tKm-N-c-am-Ip-p. Nnetm kv^Sn-I-a-Wnp kZr-i-amb Dz-e-cq]w ImgvNbns-Sp-p. Nne- tm N{-\p-Xpeyw ioX-f- {]-Imiw {]kcn-n-p-sIm-n-cn-p--Xmbn ImW-s-Sp-p. Chbpw AXpt]mse a-t\Iw Zriy-fpw tbmK-km-[-\- bpsS D-Xnsb tZymXn-n-p--hbm-Ip- p. Ch-bn\npw km[-Is [ym\w icn-bm-bn-cn-pp Fp a\-n-em-p-p.

\otcm-K-\m-bn--gn-bp-p. Ah\v Hcn-epw bmsXmcp tcmKhp-a p- m-Ip- n- . `uXnI hkvX p- -fn-e p Ahs Bkn \jvS-am-bn-o-cp-p. GsX-nepw `uXnI hkvXp Ahs apn hmepw Ahs a\pw C{n-bfpw AXn-\m BIjn--s-Sp-n- . Ahs ico-c-ns hw Dz-eam-bn-o-cp-p. kzcw AXyw a[p-chpw kv]jvS-hp-am-bn-o-cp-p. ico-cn \npw hfsc \ kpKw ]pd-sv \mep-]mSpw {]k-cn-p-p. aehpw aq{Xhpw hfsc kzev]-amb am{X-bn BIp-hm XpS-pp. Ch-sbmw tbmK-am-ns {]mcw-`kn-n-I-fm-Ipp. Cs\ tbmKn-I ]d-bp-p.

14. bssYh hnw_w arZ-tbm-]-en]vXw tXtPm-abw {`mPtX XXv kp[m-w. XZzmXXzw {]k-aoy tZlo GIx IrXmtYm `htX hoX-timIx.
GsX- nepw tXtPm-a-b-am- b-cXv\w an ]pX-p- t]mb-Xp-Im-caw F{]-Imcw Hfnn-cn-p-pthm AXns Ak cq]- n {]I-S-am-Im-Xn-cn-p-pthm AXns\ av apX-em-bh amw sNbvXp Igp-In-p-Sv hrn- bm-n-sbSp- p-tm AXv Akcq-]- n {]Im-in-p-hm XpSp-p. AtX-{]-Imcw Cu Pohm-m-hns hmkvX-hnI kzcq]w AXy--kz--am- bn--gn-mepw A\--P---fn sN-s I--fpsS kwkvm-c--fm aen-\am-bn-cnp-Xp ImcWw {]Xy--ambn {]I-S-am-Ip-n-. Fm [ym\-tbm-K- ns km[-\-h-gn-bmbn Fm Agp-p-Itfbpw Igp-In-bnv Bm-hns bYm kzcq-]s \Xp-t]mse {]kv]-jS-am-p-tm AXv Akw-K-am- bn-o-cpv p. AXm-bXv Ah\v PU-]-Zm--fp-ambn bmsXmcp kwtbm-K-ap-m-bn-cp-p-thm, AsXmw \in-nv Ah ssIh-eym-h-sb {]m]n-p-p. AXp-t]mse Ahs Fm-{]-Imcfn-ep-ap ZpxJ--fpsS Ah-km\w kw`-hnnv Ah XnIpw IrX-Ir-Xy-\m-bn-o-cp-p. Ahs a\p-jy-Pw km-Iambn `hn-p-p. -

12. ]rYzy]vtXtPm\netJ kap-ntX ]m-tI tbmK-KptW {]hrt \ Xky tcmtKm \ Pcm \ arXypx {]m]vXky tbmKm-n-abw ico-cw.
[ym\-tbm-K-ns km[\ sNbvXp-sNbvXv ]rYzn, Pew, tXP-v, hmbp, BImiw Fo ]-a-lm-`q-X--fpsS Dm\w kw`-hn-p-tm AXm-bXv Cu km[- I ]-alm-`q-X--fp-sS-ta A[n-Imcw {]m]n-p-I-gnbp-tm Cu ]-a-lm-`q-X--fp-ambn kw_w ]pep tbmK-hnj-b--fmb Ap-kn-n-Ifpw {]I-S-am-hp-Ibpw sNptm tbmKm-n-a-b-amb ico-cs {]m]n-n-p B tbmKn-bpsS ico-c-n tcmK-ap-m-Ip-n-, hm-Iy-hpap-m-Ip-n-. Ah\p arXyp-hp-ap-m-Ip-n-. Ahs Cp hncp--ambn Ahs icocw \in-p-n-.

15. bZmX-tXz\ Xp {_-XXzw Zot]m-]-ta-t\l bpx {]]-tiy-Xv. APw {[phw kh-XssXzhn-ipw mXzm tZhw apNytX kh-]m-ssix.

]noSv BtbmKn CtX nXn-bn Zo]-Zzmcm {_-X-Xz-kZr-ihpw \n-e-{]-Im-i-a-b-hp-ambn ]qtm--amb BXXzw icn-bmbn Zin-ptm AXm-bXv B ]c-{_--]-cam- m-hns\ {]Xy- - am- p-tm Pm-Zn- I- fnse Fm hnImc--fn\npw cln-X\pw AN-e\pw \nn-X\pw AXp`qXfp-sS-ta hnPbw ssIh-cn-n-p tbmKn-I-fn t]mse ka-kX- X-Xz--tfmSpw Akw- K\pw kYm hnipv ]qh-h-thm--i-nIsfq-SmsX ap in-Ifpw hp-\p-amb ]c-a-tZ-h-\mb ]c-am-m-hns\ XXz-tm-Sp-IqSn tN-cp-p. DZm-l-c-W-ambn: Ahs icocw emL-h-tm-SpAdn-nv Fm-hn-[-amb _- \--fn\npw \nXy-ambn Iq-Sn-b-Xm-bn-o-cp-p, ico-c-n `mc-n- stbm AYhm tamNn--s-Sp- p. Be-ky-n-stbm `mhw \ne-\np-n-. Ah kZm

13. eLp-Xz-am-tcm-Ky-a-tem-ep-]Xzw h-{]-kmZw kzc-ku-jvThw N. Kx ipt`m aq{X-]p-co-j-aev]w tbmK-{]-hrnw {]Yamw hZ-n.

149

I Cu a{-n B-X-Xz-nqSn {_-X-Xzs Adn-

bmsXm- cp- AZzn-Xob ]c- am-mhv Pes krjvSnbp--Xn-\p amw ]d-nv ]c-am-m-hns kmm- nv Xs kzcq-]-`q-X-amb imk-\m-in hgn-bmbn AXnXvmcw a\-,v _pn, C{n-b hgn kw`-hn-p-hm t `cWw \S- n- sm- n-cn- p-pthm AXp- t]mse hnhnkmy-a-s-p `mhw {]I-S-am-p- p. Ch- sbmw AhnSw [--fmb B imk-\m-i-n-Ih-gn-bmbn Fm temI-hsc Fp-n-. GI-am-{X-amb B B-X-Xz-Zzmcm Xs tfbpw temI-]m-em-tcbpw bYm-tbmKyw km-e\w Atlw {]Xy--am-Ip-p. sNbvXp-sIm-n-cn-p-pthm bmsXm-c-s `c-W- n Ch-sbmw Xmm--fpsS I-hy-sf \nb-a-]qw 16. Gj l tZhx {]Zntjm\ khmx ]men-p-sIm-n-cn-p-p-thm, AXp-t]mse bmsXm-cp- ]pthm l PmXx k D Kt` Ax X\n-tb-Xs am-cp-tSbpw klmbw IqSmsX AJn-e-temk Gh PmXx k P\n-jy-amWx I--sbpw D-n-bnepw AXns\ hfp--Xnepw ka-\p-am-bn-cn-p-pthm B ]c-{_--]c-ta-iz-c s\ {]Xy-MvP -\mw-kvXn-jvTXn ktXm-ap-Jx. bmsXmcp alm-]p-cp-j XXz-tm-Sp-IqSn {Kln-p-pthm Cu ]c-a-tZ-h-\mb {_w Fm Znp-I-fnepw Ahm-Atlw Aa-c-\m-bn-o-cpp P\-\-a-c-W-h-e-bn\npw c-Zn- p-I -fnepw hym]n-n-c n-pp; AXm-b Xv Fpw \nXy-ambn tamNn--s-Sp-p. Atlw ]cn-] q-\m-Ip-p. {]]-- n Atlw 2. GtIm ln cpt{Zm \ ZznXo-bmb Xp Cm bmsXmcp m\hpw C. {]kn--amb ]c-{_-]-c-am-m-hmbn Ghpw BZy-ambn lnc-Wy-K`-cq-]-n b Camw temIm-\o-iX Cui-\o`nx {]Xy--am-bn- cp- p. Atlw Xs Cu {_- cq-]-amb K`{]Xy-MvP-\mw-kvXn-jvTXn kp-tIm-Nm--Imte n A-cym-an-bmbn nXn-sN-p-p. At-lw-Xs kwkrPy hnizm `ph-\m\n tKm]mx Cu kabw PK-ns cq]-n {]I-S-am-Ip-Ibpw `mhnbn AXm-bXv {]f-b-n-\p-ti-j-ap krjvSn-Im-en bmsXm-cp- Xs kzcq-]-`q-X--fmb hnhn-[-im-khopw {]I-S-am-Ip-hm t]mIp-Ibpw sNp-p. Atlw \-i-n-I hgn-bmbn Fm temI--fp-sS-taepw `cWw Fm Pohn-I- fp-tSbpw Dn A- cyman cq]-n nXn- \S-p-pthm Ahsb \nb-am-\p-k-caw \nb-{n-p-sImsNpw AXp-t]mse Fm `mK-tbvpw apJ-tm-Sp-Iq- n-cn-p-p-hthm B cp{Z-cq-]-\mb ]c-ta-iz-c GIXSnbpw AXm-bXv Fm-n-s\bpw Fm-`m-K-p-\npw s-bm-Ip-p. AXm-bXv Cu hnizs \nb-{n-p Ip-sImpw Ccn-p--h-\m-Ip-p. in- I At\Iw Dm-bn-cp-mepw Ah-sbmw Htc ]cta-iz-cs Xs-bm-Ip-p, Fm At-ln\npw 17. tbm tZthm Au tbm A]vkp A`n-- am-Ip- p. Cu Imc- Ww-sIm- p-Xs m\nI PKtbm hnizw `ph-\-am-hn-thi ns Imc-Ws \n-bnp kabw ap bmsXmcp XXzb Hmjm-[ojp tbm h\-kv]-Xnjp tbpw B{i-bn-m-Xn-cp-p, GI-]-c-{_w Xs-bmWv PK-ns Imc-W-sav Fm-hcpw Htc kzc-n \nXkvssa tZhmb \tam \ax. bn-p-IsXs sNbvXp. B ]c-am-mhv Fm Pnhn-I-fpbmsXmcp k-i-n-am-\mb ]c-{_ ]c-a-tZ-h tSbpw Dn A-cym-an-cq- ]-n nXn-sN-p- p. Fm An-bn Bbn-cn-p-pthm bmsXmv Pe-n BIptemI--tfbpw krjvSnv Ahsb cn-p- sIm-n-cn- p pthm, bmsXmp ka- kX-tem-I- -fnepw A- cym-an-bmb v ]a-tc-iz-c {]f-b- Im- e- kz- am- bn-s Ch- sbmw cq]-tm-Sp-I q-S n {]hn-j vS-a m-b n-s m- n-c n- p- pthm Hn-p-tNp-p. AXm-bXv Xn-te-p-Xs hneo-\-ambmsXmv Huj-[nIfnepw h\-kv]-Xn-I-fnepw Bbn-cn-pp-p. B kabw At-l-ns `n-`n--cq-]--fn-ep pthm AXm-bXv bmsXmp k{X ]cn-]q-am-bn-cncq]sfmpw Dm-bn-cn-p-I-bn-. p-pthm bmsXm-ns\ At\-I-{]-Im-c- t\cs 3. hnkz-X--p-cpX hniz-tXm-aptJm hn-n-cn-p-pthm B ]c-a-tZ-h-\mb ]c-ta-iz-cs\ \akv-cn-p-p. Aym-b-ns kam-]Xnsb kqNn-n-pv hniz-tXm-_m-lp-cpX hniz-X-kv]mXv -Xn\v \a-kIm-c-]-Zs Bhn-n-cn--pp. v kw _mlp`ymw [aXn kw ]X-ss{X

Zymh-`qan P\-b tZh GIx.

XrXo-b m-ymbw
1. b GtIm Pme-hm-\o-iX Cui-\o`nx khmw-tem-Im-\o-iX Cui-\o`nx b GsshI Dth kw`th N b GX-Zzn-Zp-c-ar-XmkvtX `h-n.

]c-a-tZ-h-\mb B ]c-ta-iz-c GI-\m-Ipp; Fncp mepw At-l-ns Ip-I Fm-bn-S--fn-ep-ap-v. ssIIfpw ]mZ-fpw Dv. Atlw Fm temI--fnepw Fm-bn-S--fnepw nXn-sN-p ka-kvX-Po-hn-I-fpsS I--tfbpw hnNm-c--tfbpw Fm kw`-h--tfbpw Xs Znhy-i-n-h-gn-bmbn \nc-cw Zin-p-sIm-n-cn-p-

150

I p. bmsXmcp Imcy-fpw At-l-n\npw Hfn-ncn-p-n-. At-l-ns ` At-l-n\v FhnsSsbnepw t`mP-\-tbm-Ky- amb hkvXp kan- p-pthm Atlw AXns\ Ahn-sS-sh-p-Xs A\p-`-hn-p-p. Atlw Fm epw Fm hkvXp--tfbpw Hmbn kzoI- cn- p- - Xnepw Xs `-P-\--fpsS k-S- sf \innv Ahsc cn-p--Xnepw ka-\m-Ip-p. AXpt]mse FhnsS \ns- nepw At-l-ns `- m Atls hnfn-p-hm-\m{Klnp-pthm Ahn-sS-s Atlw AtX-k-abw Fn-t-cp-Ibpw sNp-p. temIn Hcp m\hpw At-l-ns in- bm hncm-Pn- n- m- - X mbn ImW-s - S p- n- . BImiwap-X `qtemIw hsc-bp Fm temI--tfbpw krjvSnn-cnp GI-\mb ]c-ta-iz-c a\p-jymZn Pohn-Isf Cu cp `pP-fmepw ]n-Isf Nnd-IpIfmepw bp-am-nbn-cn-p-p. Atlw Fm PohnItfbpw Bh-iym-\p-k-cW-amb `n-`n in-I-fmepw km[-\--fnepw k-am-n-bn-cn-p-p. ChnsS `pPfp-tSbpw Nnd-Ip-I-fp-tSbpw IY\w D]eWw am{X- am-Ip-p. CXn\npw kakvX {]mWn-I-fn-ep-ap Fm in-Ifpw ]c-am-m-hn-\m \I-s--Xm-sWp a\-n-em--Ww.

6. bmanjpw Kncn-i lkvtX _n`jykvXth inhmw Kncn-{XXm Ipcp am lnwkox ]pcpjw PK-Xv.

tl Kncni, ssIem-k-hm-kn-bpw, kpJ-Zm-b-I-\p-amb ]c-ta-iz-cm, bmsXmcp _mWs Fdn-bp--Xn-\p-thn Av ssIbn FSp-n-cn- pp? tl Kncn-cm-P-\mb lname-b-ns cn-Xm-th, Av B _mWs awK-f-a-bamn amn-bm-epw. AXns {Iqc-Xsb \in-nv AXns\ im- am-n-bm-epw, Pohn-I-fm \nd-b-sp Cu PK-ns\ \in- n-m-Xn-cp-mepw. CXns\ IjvS-s-Sp-m- Xncp-m- epw.

7. XXx ]cw {_-]cw _rlw bYm-\n-Imbw k-`q-tXjp KqVw hniz-sskyIw ]cn-th-jvS n-Xm-c aoiw Xw mXzm-arXm `h-n.
bmsXm-cp- ap]p ]d-n-cn-p Pohn-k-ap-Zm-bcq-] -am-Ip PK-nepw lnc-Wy-K`-\m-a-{_- nepw kYm t{ijvT-\m-bn-cn-p-pthm Fm Pohn-I-fnepw Ah-bpsS ico-c-n-\-\pcq]-ambn Hfn-n-cn-p-pthm Fm temI-tbpw Fm `mKfn IqSnbpw hebw sN-s-n-cn-p-pthm AXp-t]mse k{X hym]vXhpw alpw Bbn-cn- p-pthm A-s\-bp GI-am-{X-\mb B ]c-ta-iz-cs\ Adn-nv m\nI Fs-t-bpv am-bp Ac-Xzs {]m]n-p-p. ]noSv Ahp P\-\a-c-W- Dm-Ip-n-.

4. tbm tZhm\mw {]`-h-tm-Zv`h hnizm-[nt]m cpt{Zm aljnx lnc-Wy-K`w P\-bm-amk ]qhw k t\m _pym ip`bm kwbp-\-p.

AJn-e-tbpw Xs `c-W-n shp-sIm-n-cn- kw_ w C\n m\nIfmb alm- mfpsS p cp{Z- c q- ] - \ mb ]c- ta-i z- c C{m-Z n-t Z- h - I sf A\p`hsf ]dnv ]c-a- m- \-^-e- ns ZrV-Xsb krjvSnpw cn-pw- sIm- n- cn- pp. AXp- t]mse bmsXm- {]kv]-jS- am-p-p. v cp- Fm-n-s-bpw A[n-]-Xnbpw alm-m-\nbpw 8. thZm-l-taXw ]pcpjw alm- k--\p-am-bn-cn-p-pthm bmsXm-cp- krjvS namZn-Xy-hw Xakx ]c-kvXm-Xv. bpsS Bcw-`- n lnc-Wy- K`s krjvSn- pthm B ]ca-tZ-h -\mb ]c-am-mhv \s-s bmw k_p-n-bm Xtah hnZn-XzmXn arXyp-taXn kwbp--am--tW.

\m\yx ]m hnZytXb\mb

m\n-bmb Hcp alm ]d-bpp Cu alm-m-scmfpw alm-\mb ]ca ]pcp-tjm--as\ Rm\-dn-bp-p. Atlw Ahn-Zym-cq-]-am-Ip A- Im-c-n\pw kYm Xbm \kvX\phm i-abm AXo-X-\m-W.v AtX-t]mse kqcy\p Xpeyw kzbw-{]-Im-iKncn-i-m-`n-Nm-I-io-ln. cq-]-\m-Ip-p. At-ls Adn-bp--Xp-sIm-p-Xs a\ptl cp{Z- tZ-h, `bm-\-I-X-bn\nv iq\yhpw ]pWy- Ijy arXyp-hns\ DwL\w sNp--Xn Cu P\-\-a-c-fm {]Im-in-p-sIm-n-cn-p--Xp-amb A- bpsS awKW--fpsS _-\-fn\nv kzmX{yw {]m]n-p-f-a-bn-bmb kuay-aqnsb Zin-np a\p-jy ]c-am-\Xn Ign-hp--h-\m-bn-o-cp-p. ]ca ]Zs {]m]n-p-\n-a--\m-bn-o-cp-p. tl Kncn-i-, ]-X- n hkn-Xn\v CX-msX ap bmsXm-cp-]m-b-hp-an-. p-s Imv kakvX temI-pIw kpJw {]Zm\w 9. bkvamXv ]cw \m]-c-akvXn InwNnZv sNp ]c-ta-iz-cm, ]c- a-im aqn-bm-bn-cp-p-sIm-pXs Ir]-tbm-Sp-IqSn R-fpsS t\tc t\mn-bm-epw. bkvam-m-Wotbm \ PymtbmkvXn In-Xv. A-bpsS Ir]m-Zr-jvSn-bpsS ]X- \w-sIm- p-Xs R hr Ch kvX_vt[m Znhn XnjvS-tXy-I kYm ]cn-ip--cmbn Asb {]m]n-p--Xn\p tbmKykvtXt\Zw ]qw ]pcp-tjW kw. X-bp- -h-cm-bn-o- c-tW.

5. bm tX cp{Z inhm X\qctLmcm-]m-]-Im-in-\o.

151

B ]ca tZh-\mb ]c- ta- iz- c- s\- m t{ijvT-\mbn am cp-an-. Atlw k-t{ijvT\m-Ip-p. F{Xtbm kqvaX- Xz-- fptm Ah-sb- m- n-s\-mfpw Atlw kqvaw Xs- bm-Wv. At-l-s-m A[nIw kqva-ambn ap bmsXm-p-an-. CXn-\mX-s Atlw Ghpw sNdnb Pohn-I-fpsS ico-c-n {]th-inp nXn-sN-p-p. CXpt]mse F{Xtbm alpw hym]-I-hp-amb XXz--fp-v. Ah-sb-m-n-s\mfpw alpw hym]-I-hp-amWv B ]c{_-w. AXn-s\-m alpw hym]-I-hp-ambn asm-pwX-s-bn-. CXn-\m {]f-b-Im-e-n Cu kq {_m-WUs Atlw Xsbpn hneo-\-am-p-p. v bmsXmp X\n-tb-Xs hr-n\p Xpeyw \n-e-`m-htm-Sp-IqSn ]c-a-[m-a-cq-]hpw {]Im-i-a-b-hp-amb Znhym-Imi-n nXn-sN-p-pthm B ]c-{_ ]c-am-m-hn Cu kakvX PKpw hym]n-p-In-S-p-p. ]c-a-]p-cp-j\mb B ]c-ta-iz-cXs \ncm-Im-c-cq-]-tm-Sp-IqSn Cu hnizw apgp-h hym]n-n-cn-p-p.

12. alm {]`pssh-]p-cpjx kXz-s skyh {]h-Ix. kp\n-em-anamw {]m]vXn-ao-imt\m tPymXn-c -hy-bx.

\n-b-ambn Ctlw Fm-n- t\bpw `cn-p--h\pw alm\pw {]`phpw AXp-t]mse Ahn-\m-inbpw {]Im-k-kzcq] ]c-a-]p-cp-j-]p-cp-tjm-a\pam-W.v t\ct ]d-n-cnp Cu ]ca \n-e-`m-hns AXm-bXv Xs B\- a-b- amb hnip--cq-]- ns {]m]vXn-p-thn a\p-jys Ax-Ic-Ws t{]cn-n-p-sIm-n-cn-p-p. Hmtcm a\pjy-t\bpw Ctlw Xn-te-bvm- Ijn-p-sIm-n-cn-p-p. Fn-cp- mepw Am-\n-I-fm-bp- -h Fm-{]- Im-c-n- epap ku`m-Ky- {]m]n-npw At-l-ns t{]W-{]Imcw At-ls {]m]n-p- - Xn-\p-thn {]hn- p-n. Cu ImcWwsIm-p-Xs Ah AepXn-cnp \Sp-p.

10. XtXm bZp--cXcw XZ-cq-]-a-\m-a-bw. b GX-Zzn-Zp-car XmkvtX `hytYXtc ZpxJ-ta-hm-]n-b-n.


apt hn- n- p B lnc-W y-K `-t - m bmsXmv Fm {]Im-c-nepw AXyw DIr-jS-am-bnv cn-p-pthm B ]c-{_ ]c-am-mhv BIm-c-c-ln-X\pw Fm hnIm-c--fmepw iq\y-\p-am-Ip-p. bmsXmcp alm-]pcp-j Cu ]c-{_ ]c-am-m-hns\ Adn-bp- pthm Atlw Aa-c-\mbn `hn-pp \nXy-ambn P\-\-acWfn \npw ap-\m-Ip-p. Fm bmsXm-cp- Ctls Adn-bm-Xn-cn-p-pthm An-s\-bp--h-scmw \n-b-ambpw IqsS-qsS ZpxJ-sf A\p-`-hn-p-sIm-ncn-p-p. AXn-\m a\p-jy \nXy-ambn ZpxJ--fn \npw tamNn--s-Sp--Xn\pw ]c-am-\--kz-cq-]-\mb ]c-amm-hns\ {]m]n-p--Xn-\p-ambn At-ls Adn-b-Ww.

13. AMvKp-jvT-am{Xx ]pcptjmcmm kZm P\m\mw lrZtb kn-hnjvSx lrZm a\zotim a\-km-`n\p]vtXm b GXZv hnZp-c-ar-XmkvtX `h-n.
AwKp-jvT- am-{X-amb ]cn-am-W-tm-Sp-IqSn A-cym-anbmbr ]c-ta-iz-c Ftmgpw a\p-jy-cpsS lrZ-b--fn kay-mb coXn-bn nXn-sN-p-Ibpw a\-ns kzmanbm-bn-cn-p-Ibpw sNp-p. AXp-t]mse \n-elr-Zbhpw hnip--a-\pw hgn-bmbn [ym\-n sImp-hnp {]Xyam-Ip-p. bmsXmcp km[-I Cu ]c-{_ ]c- ta-iz-cs\ Adn-bp-p- hthm Atlw Aa-c- \mbn `hnpp. AXm-b Xv Fs- t-b v p- a mbn P\- \ -a -c -W - fn\npw ap-\m-bn-o- cpp; Aar-X-cq-]-\m-bn-o-cpp. a\p-jys lrZbw AwKpjvTns Af-thm-Sp-Iq-Snb-Xm-Ip-p. AXp-Xs ]c-am-m-hns D]-e-_[n-p-v m-\hpw AXn-\m ChnsS ]c-am-m-hns\ AMvKp-jvTam-{X- amb ]cn-Wm-a-tm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-h Fp hn-p-p.

11. km-\\-in-tcm-{Kohx k-`q-X-Kplmibx. k-hym]o k `K-hmw-kvX-kvamXv kh-KXx inhx.


Fm m\-fpw kt-iz-c-\mb B `K-hms apJam-Ip-p. Fm m\-fpw incpw Kfhpw BIp-p. Hmtcm m\pw Hmtcm Ah-b-h-hgn \S- - s-tS Imcy- \S- p-- Xn Atlw ka-\m- W.v Atlw Fm Pohn-I-fp-tSbpw lrZb cq]-am-Ip Iym-W-kz-cq-]\mb B ]c-ta-iz-c Fm m\--fnepw Fn-smn-cn-p-p. km[-I At-ls GXp-k-abw Fhn-sS, GXp- cq-]-n {]Xy- - ambn ImWp-hm-\m-{K- ln-p-pthm AtX- k-abw AtX- -ev AtX- cq-]- n At-l- n\p {]Xy--s-Sp-hm Ign-bp-p.

14. kl-{k-iojm ]pcpjx kl-{kmx kl-{k- ]mXv k `qanw hniztXm hrXzm-Xy-Xn-jvT--im-MvKp-ew.


B ]c-a-]p-cp-j-]-c-ta-iz-c\v Bbn-c--W-n\p inc-pIfpw Bbn-c--W- n- \p Ip-Ifpw Bbn- c- -W-n\p ]mZ-fp-ap-v. AXm-bXv Fm Ah-bhfn\npw cln-X\m-bn-cp-npw At-l-n\p inc-,v Ip-I, ]mZ- BZn-bmb Fm Ah-bhfpw A\-hpw Akw-Jy-hpambn Dv. k-i-n-am-\mb B ]c-ta-iz-c Fm temI-tfbpw Fm `mK--fn\npw hebw sNbvXp-sImv kh{X hym]vX-ambn \m`n-bn\npw ]w-Kpew apI-fnem- bnv lrZ- bm-Im-i-n hkn-p-p. Atlw k-hym]nbpw alm\pw Bbn-s lrZ-bcq-]-am-Ip GI--

152

I ep nXn-sN-p-p. Atlw At\Iw hpcp [-fpsS B{i-b-am-Ip-p.

15. ]pcpj GthZw kw bZv`qXw b `hyw DXm-ar-X-Xz-t ky-imt\m bZ-t-\m-Xn-tcm-l-Xn.

bmsXmv `qX- I m-e- n kw`-hn-p-I -g n- n-cn-ppthm bmsXmv `mhn-bn kw`-hn-m-\n-cn-p-pthm bmsXm-p ham\-Im-e-n Aw hgn-bmbn AXmbXv `-W-]-Zm- hgn-bmbn hfp-sIm-n-cn-pp- thm, B ]q- amb PKp ]c- a-]p-cp- j-\mb ]c-am- m18. \h-Zzmtc ]ptc tZlo lwtkm hns Xs kzcq-]-am-Ip-p. Atlw kzb-am-bn-s teem-btX _lnx Xs kzcq-]-`q-X- amb ANn-y-in-tbm-Sp-IqSn Cu cq]hio kky temIky mh-cky n {]Xy--am-Ip-p. AXp-t]mse Atlw Aar-X- kzNcky N. cq-]-am-Ip tam- ns bP-am-\-\m-Ip-p. AXm-bXv Pohn-Isf kwkm-c-_\-fn\npw tamNn-nv Xs mh-c-Pw-K-a--fmb Fm Pohn-I-fp-tSbpw kapZmb {]m]n-p--h-cm-n-op-p. AXn-\m At-ls cq]-am-Ip Cu {]]-s Xs A[o-\-n shp{]m]n-p--Xn- -`nejnp- p. km[-I- m At-l-ns sIm-n-cn-p B {]Im-i-a-b-\mb ]c-ta-iz-c\v cp ic-W-n sNp-tN-c-Ww. I-fpw cp \mkn-Im-Zzm-cfpw Hcp apJhpw Hcp KpZhpw Hcp enwKhpw Dv. C{]-Imcw H]-Xp-hm-Xn-ep-I16. kXx ]mWn-]mZw XXv tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb a\p-jy-i-co-c-cq-]-am-Ip \K-c-n Atlw khtXmnintcm apJw A-cym-an- cq-]-tm-Sp-IqSn nXn-sN-p-p. At-lw-Xs kXx {ipXn-a-tmtI k-am-h rXy Cu _mly-{]-]-nepw eoe-I \S-n-sm-n-cnXnjvT -X n. pp CsXmw a\-n-emn a\-ns\ Fhn-Sw-hsc kpKB ]c-am-m-hns Im, ssI, inc-v, apJw, sNhn a- ambn nc-s-Sp-p-hm km[n- ptam Ahn-Sw-hsc AtFmw m\--fm-Ip-p. B Fm m\fpw Fm ls [ym\n-p-sIm-n-cn--Ww. in- tbm-Spw-IqSn {]hn-p--Xn ka--fm-bn-cnp-p. Atlw Fm-m-\pw Xs `-msc cnp--Xn\pw AXp-t]mse Ahsc Xntep kzoI-cn-p-Xn\pw Ic \on-sm-n-cn-p-p. At-lns `-m At-ls FhnsS B{K-ln-p-pthm AhnsS-s Atlw Fn- bn-cn-p-- Xmbn ImW-s- Sp-p. Atlw Fm--epw Fm Pohn-Ifpw hgn \S--sSp I-sf Ip-sIm-n-cn-p-p. At-l-ns `-m FhnsS At-ls {]W-an-p-pthm (F- m-bnSpw hym]vX-am-bn-cn-p--Xp-Im-c-Ww) Ahn-sS- s At-l-ns Nc-W-fpw incpw nXn-sN-p-p. Xs `-m-cpsS {]m-\I tIp--Xn-\p-thn At-l- ns I- Fpw Dm-bn-cn- p-p. Xs `-m-cm AWw sN-s-Sp hkvXpsf A\p-`hn-p--Xn\v At-l-ns apJw Fm-bn-Spw Xmdmbpw Ccn-p-p. B ]c-ta-iz-c Cu {_m-WU-n v Fm-n- s\bpw Fm `mK--fn\npw hebw sNbvXp nXn-sN-p-p. Cu Imcy--sfmw hniz-knv a\p-jy At-l-ns tkh-\-n hym]r-X-cm-bn-cn--Ww. kw_w Atlw ka-ktX- {nbfm cln-X-\m-bnv cp-npw Fm C{n-b-fp-tSbpw hnj-bsf Adn-bpp. CXp IqSp-X kv]jvS-am-p-p.

k-i-n-am-\mb ]c-a-]p-cp-j-\-]-c-am-mhv ka-ktXv {n-b-c-ln-X-\m-Wv. tZtl-{n-bmZn t`Z--fm iq\y-\m-bn-cpnpw Fm C{nbhnj-b--tfbpw Adn-bp-p. AXpt]mse Fm-n-sbpw kzmanbpw ]c-a-k-a\pw Fmn- s \bpw `cn- p- -h \pw Pohn-I sf kw_\v[ nnStmfw Ghpw henb B{i-bhpw BIp-p. a\p-jy Fm `mh--tfm-Spw-IqSn At-l-ns icWw {]m]n--Ww. a\p-jy-i-co-cw-sIm-p G-hpw henb D]tbmKw CXm-Ip-p.

19. A]m-Wn-]mtZm Pht\m {KloXm ]iy-Xy-Npx k irtWm-Xy-Ix k thn thZyw \ N XkymkvXn thm Xam-lp-c{Kyw ]pcpjw alm-w.
bmsXm-cp-s {]I-c-W- \S- p-sIm-n-cn-ppthm B ]c- {_ ]c- am- mhv lkvX- c-ln-X-\mbncpnpw Fm m\pw Fm hkvXp-- tfbpw ]nSn-s-Sp-p-p. AXp-t]mse ]mZ-c-ln-X- \m-bn-cp-npw AXn-thKw C-m-\pk-c-W-ambn Fpw Ka-\m-K- a-\- \S-p-p. \b-\-c-lnX-\m-bn-cp-npw Fm m\pw Fmw Ip-sIm-n-cnp-p. I-c-ln-X-\m-bn- cpnpw Fm m\- p-\npw Fmw {ihn-p-p. Atlw {Kmly-tbm-Ky--fmb PUtN-X-\hkvXp-sf \mbn Adn-bpp; Fm At- ls Adn-bp--h-cmbn Bcpw-Xs C. bmsXm-cp- Fm-n-s\bpw Adn-bp--h-\m-bn-cn-p-pthm At-ls B-dn-bm km[n-pp? At-l-ns hnj-b-n m\n-I-fmb alm-m ]d-bp-Xv Atlw AJn- en-sbpw BZnbpw ]pcm-X\pw alm-]p-cp-j\pw BIpp Fm-W.v

17. kt-{ n-b-Kp-Wm-`mkw kt-{n-b-hnhnXw kky {]`p-aoim\w kky icWw _rl-Xv.

153

20. AtWm-cWo-bm altXm alo-bm \mm Kplmbmw \nlntXmky Ptmx. Xa-{IXpw ]iyXn hoX-timtIm [mXpx {]km-Zm--ln-am-\-ao-iw.
kqva-s- m AXn-kq-vahpw qe-s-m A-Xn-q-ehpw Bb B ]c-{_ ]c-am-mhv Cu PohnI-fpsS lrZ-bcq-]-am-Ip Kpl-bn Hfnp-h-kn-p-p. Fm-sbpw krjvSn-n-cn-p B ]c-ta-iz-cs Ir]bms a\p- jyv kzmkev] cln-X\pw Ir]mI-c\pw ]c-a-kp-lr-p-amb ]c-ta-iz-c-s \bpw At-lns aln-a-tbbpw {Kln-p-hm km[n-p-p. B ]ca-Z-bm-ep-hmb ]c-ta-iz-cs Cu kmm-Xvmcw Dm-Iptm Fs-t-bvp-ambn Fm {]Im-c-n-ep-ap ZpxJ-fn\npw ap-\mbn ]c-am-\ kzcq-]-\mb ]c-ta-izcs\ {]m]n-p-p.

m-Ip--Xn\p thn-am{Xw Ah-bpsS Im-\p-k-c-W- ambn Cu \m\m-h-cq-]--tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb PK-ns cN-\bpw ]me-\phw kwlm-chpw \S-p-I-bpw Imem-Im-e--fn Bh-iy-a-\p-k-cnv At\I cq]--fn {]Xy--am-hp-Ibpw sNpp B ]c-a-tZ-h\mb ]c-ta-iz-c hmkvX-h-n GI\pw AZzn-Xo-b-\p-am-Ip-p. At-ln\npw AXncn--ambn Hpw Xs- bn-. Atlw \apv k_pn {]Zm\w sNp-am-dm-I-tW. kw_w C{]-Imcw {]mn-t--hn[w ]d-p-I-gnp. C\n aqp a{- hgnbmbn ]c-ta-iz-cs\ PKns cq]-n Nnn-p-sImv At- ls kvXpXn-p-Xn-\p hn[- \nt-in-n-cn-p-p.

2. XtZ-hm-n-kXZm-Zn-Xy-kvX-ZzmbpkvXZp N{amx v XtZh ip{Iw XZv {_ XZm-]kvXXv {]Pm-] -X nx.

An, Pew, kqcy, hmbp, N{, ap {]Im-inp Fm \{X--fpw, {]Pm-]-Xn-I, {_mhv Chsbmw ]c{_w Xs-bm-Ip-p. Ch-sbmw GI\pw AZzn-Xo-b-\p-amb ]c-{_ ]c-ta-iz-cs hn`q-Xn-I Xsbm- I p- p. Ch- s b- m- n- s bpw A - c ym- a n- b mb thZ- c- l- ky-sf hn- p alm- ]p-cp- j- m bmsXm- Bmhpw Atlw Xs-bm-Ip-p. AXn- \m Ch- sbmw cp-s\ P-c-ln-X- \mbpw AXp-t]mse \nXy-\mbpw hnh- At-l-ns cq]-am-Ip-p. C{]-Imcw ]q-amb PKcn-p-pthm Atlw hym]-I-\m-bn-cn-p--Xp-Im-cWw ns cq]-n B ]c-am-m-hn-s\-n Nnn--Ww. Fpw hncm-Pn-p-sIm-n-c n-p- p. bmsXm-cp--\m 3. Xzw kv{Xo Xzw ]pam-\kn Ipam-ckv Xzw bmsXm-cp- m-\hpw iq\y-am-Im-Xn-cn-p-pthm bmsXm-cpDX hm Ipamco Pc, arXyp apX-emb Fm hnIm-c--fnepw \np kYm c lnX\pw k-n-sbpw BZn-]p-cm-W]p-cpXzw Potm ZWvtU\ hkn Xzw PmtXm `hkn hniz-tXm-ap-Jx. j\pw Bbn-cn-p-pthm kI-e-n-sbpw Bmhpw A-cym-an-bp-am-bn-cn-p-pthm B ]c-ta-iz-c s\ Rm tl kth-iz-cm, Av kv{Xo, ]pcp-j, Ipam-c, Adn-bpp Fv ]c-am-m-hns\ {]m]np alm-m- Ipamcn BZn-bmbn At\Iw cq]--tfm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-h-\m-Ip-p. ]dbp- p. AXm-bXv Ch-sb-m-n-sbpw cq]-n Ap {]I-Sam-bn-sm-n-cn-p-p. Ap-Xs hr-\m-bnv hSn-bpsS klm-b-m \S-pp; AXm-bXv Ap-Xs hr-cqNXpYm- ymbw ]-n {]Xy--s-Sp-p. tl ]c-am--, Ap-Xs 1. b GtImhtm _lp[m in-tbm-KmZv hncmSv cq]-n {]Xy--am-bnv Fm `mK-tbvpw apJw Xncn-p-sIm-n-cn-p; AXm-bXv ]q-amb Cu hm-\-t\-Im \nln-XmtYm Z[mXn PKv A-bp-sS-kz-cq]w Xs-bm-Ip-p. temI-n hn ssNXn Nmt hniz-amZu k tZhx F{Xtbm apJ- ImW-s- Spp. Ah- sbmw A-bpsS k t\m _pym ip`bm kwbp-\-p. Xs-bm-Ip-p. bmsXmcp ]c-{_--]-c-am-mhp \ncm-Im-c-kz-cq-]-n 4. \oex ]XMvtKm lcntXm temln-Xm- cp]-hmZn cln-X-\m-bn-cp-npw krjvSn-bpsS Bcw-`kvXUn-ZvK` EXhx kap{Zmx n GtXm cl-ky-]q-amb Dtiw ImcWw Xs A\m-Zn-aXzw hn`p-tXz\ htk kzcq]`qX--fmb \m\m-{]-Im-c-n-ep in-I-fpsS kw_--tm-Sp-IqSn At\I--fmb cq]-hm-Zn-Isf btXm PmXm\n `ph-\m\n hnizm. [mcWw sNp-p. AXp-t]mse Ah-km\w Cu ]q`K-hm-t\, k-t- cym-an-bmb Ap \oe-h-tmamb PKv bmsXm-cp--\n hneo-\-am-Ipp AXm-bXv Sp-Iq-Snb Nn{X-i -e-` hpw AXp-t]mse lcn-X-hhpw Xs {]tbm-P-\-n-\m-bn--msX Pohn-Ip ku`m-Ky-apNph IpIfpap ]nbpw BIpp; Ap-Xs

21. thZm-l-ta-X-a-Pcw ]pcmWw km-m\w k-KXw hn`p-Xzm-Xv. P\ntcm[w {]h-Zn bky {_-hm-Znt\m ln {]h-Zn \nXyw.

154

I hnZy-n-\m bp-amb taL-am-Ip-p. hk-m-ZnIfmb


Fm EXp-fpw k]vX-k-ap-{Z-fpw A-bpsS cq]w-X-sbm-Ip-p. AXm-bXv Cu \m\m-{]-Im-c-n-ep hcq]tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb Fm PU-tN-X-\-hkvXp--fpsS cq]n Rm Asbs Zin-p-sIm-n-cn-p-p. Fp- sIm-s- m An \np-Xs Cu Fm temIfpw Ah-bn hkn-p Fm Poh-Pm-e-fpw Dhn-n-cn-p-p. hym]-I-amb cq]-n Ap-Xs Fmnepw hncm-Pn-p-p. AXp-t]mse Ahy-hpw Poh-cq]hpw Bb A\mZn {]Ir-Xn-bpsS (C-h-]cm, A]cm F t]cn hnfn--s-Sp-p) bP-am-\\pw Ap-Xs BIpp. AXn-\m GI- am-{X-\mb Asbs Rm Fmn- sbpw cq]-n Zin-p-p.

kw_w ]cm-{]-Ir-Xn-cq-]-amb B Poh-k-ap-Zm-b-n\v Ftm Fs\ hnap--am-Ip-hm Ign-bpp Fp ASp cp a{--fn-embn ]d-bpp

6. Zzm kp]m kbpPm kJmbm kam\w hrw ]cn-j-kz-PmtX Xtbm-c\yx ]new kzmZz-Xy \iv\-t\ym A`n-Nm-I -io-Xn.

Cu a{- n ico-cs Aiz--hr--nsbpw Pohm-m-hn-sbpw ]c-am-m-hn-sbpw ]nIfpsSbpw cq]-n hn-n-cn-p-p. CXp-t]m-se-Xs ItTm-]-\nj-n Pohm-m-hn-s\bpw ]c-am-m-hn-s\bpw Kpl-bn {]hn-jvS-amb \ng- en-sbpw {]Im-i-n-sbpw cq]-n kw_w ]q-a-{-n ]c-{_--]-c-ta-iz-cs\ cp hn-n-cn-p-p. cp m\--fp-tSbpw `mhw Hp-X{]Ir-Xn-I-fpsS kzman-sbp ]d-n-cn-p-p. B cv s. a{-ns kmcmwiw a\p-jy-i-cocw Bhr-A\m-Zn-{]-Ir-Xn-I GsXmw? CXns\ hni-Zo-I-cn-pp n\p ka-am-Ipp Fm-W.v Cuiz-c\pw Pohm-mhpw Ch cpw Hnp hkn-p cp ]n-Isf-tm-se5. APm-taImw temlnX ipIrjvWmw bp an{X--fm-Ip-p. Ch c pw Cu ico-c-cq-]-am-Ip hox {]Pmx krP-am\mw kcq]mx hr- n Hnv Htc lrZ-b-cq-]-am-Ip amf-n \nhAtPm tlytIm Ppj-amtWm\ptitX kn-p-p. ico-c-n hkn-p-sImv {]mcm-_v[-\p-k-c-W- ambn Cu hr-ns ^e-tfm Fp tXmpPlm-tXy\mw `pt`mKm-a tPm\yx. amdv kpJ-ZpxJ cq]--fmb I- ^-e-sf {]m]n-p-p. Ign a{-n kqNn-n cp {]Ir-XnIfn Cu ^e-sf Pohm--cq-]-am-Ip ]n AXn-kzm-tZm-SpHm-Is KoX-bn hn-n-cn-pp A]-c-bm-Ip-p. IqSn `pPn-p-p. AXm-bXv lj-tim-I-sf A\p-`-hn-pAXn\v Fp t`Z-fpw ]d-n-cn-p-p. CXv Xs A[nsImp I-^-es t`mKn-p-p. cm-as Cuiz-cjvTm-Xm-hmb ]c-a-tZ-h-]-c-ta-iz-cs kmn-[y-n Xtcq-]-am-Ip ]n Cu ^e-sf `n-p-n-. Ip-sImXs kmZr- i y- n AXm- b Xv {Xnp- K p- a -b - a mb p-am{Xw Ccn-p-p. AXm-bXv Cu ico-c-m {]m]vXAkwJyw Poh-tZlsf krjvSn- n-cn-p. {XnKp-W-ambn -fmb kpJ-Zpx-J-sf AXv Bkz-Zn-p-n; Ah-bpsS AYhm {XnKp-Wm-- I- am-b-Xn-\m CXns\ {Xnh--tfmkmn- am-{X-am- bn-o-cp- -tX-bp-q. ]c-am- m-hn-s\- tmse Sp-Iq-Sn-bXv Fp ]d-bp-p. kXzw, cP-,v Xav Cu aqp Pohm-mhpw Zi- I am{X- am- bn-cn-p-I-bmsWn ]ns KpW- Xs CXns aqp-h--fm-Ip-p. kXzCXn\v Ah-tbmSp bmsXmcp kw_-hpw Ah-ti-jn-pKpWw \n-ehpw AXp-t]mse {]Im-i-I-hp-am-b-Xn-\m n-. Cs\ Xs Pohm-m-hns kw_--nepw AXns\ tizX-sap Icp-Xp-p. ctPm-KpWw cmKm--I-amapa- {--fn ]d- n-cn- p--Xp- t]mse AXp {]Ir-Xnsb Ip-p. AXn-\m AXns hw Nph-mbn Icp-Xp-p. A\p`hn-Xn-\p-tijw AXns\ \nm-c-ambn ]cn-K-Wnv AX-t]mse Xtam-KpWw Am-\-cq-]ns Bh-cW]cn-Xy-Pn-p-p. AXn\npw apJs ]nn-cn-p-p. tm-Sp- Iq-Sn-b-Xm-I- bm IrjvW-h-ambn ]d-b-s-Sp-p. AXns\ kw_- n-n-S-tmfw ]noSv {]Ir-Xn-bpsS AXmCu aqp KpW--tfm-Spw-IqSn {]Ir-Xnsb shfp-v, NphbXv PK-ns k Xs Cm-Xm-bn-o-cp-p. ]nsv, Idpv Fo h--fn ]d-b-s-Sp-p. cm-a-tXv bm-Is AXpw AXns an{Xhpw Ch-cpw am{Xw Poh-cq-]-amb ]c AYhm tNX-\m-{]-Ir-Xn-bpsS \ma-m Ahtijn-p-Ibpw ]c-k]cw an{X-X-bpsS B\w A\pv t{X F t]cnepw AXp-t]mse A-c-]p- cp-js `-hn-p-Ibpw sNp-p. \ma- nepw h\w sN-s-n- cn- p-p. AXn\v cp `mK- fp-.v Hm-a-tXv A]cm {]Ir- Xn-bn Bk-- \m-bnv 7. kamt\ hrt ]pcptjm \na-tm AXn-t\mSv sFIyw {]m]nv AXns hnNn-{X- -fmb t`mK\oibm timNXn aply-am\x sf X-fpsS I--\p-k-cW-am-b-\p-`-hn-p PqjvSw bZm ]iy-Xy-\y-ao-i Pohn-I, cm-a-tXv bmsXm-cp- Cu t`mKsfmw aky aln-am-\-anXn hoXtimIx. A\p-`-hn-nv Chsb \nmcfpw W-`w-Kpcfp-am-bn-cpXn ]cn-]q-ambpw ]cn-Xy-Pn-p m\n-I-fmb Cu ico-c-cq-]-am-Ip Htc hr-n lrZ-b-cq-]-amalm-]p-cp-jm-cpsS kaq-lw. Cu cn-\-nepw s]n-p- Ip IqSn-\p- n ]c- am-m- hn- t\m- sSmp Ign-p- Iq-Sp -h AP-m-fpw A\m-Zn-I- fp-am-Ip- p. CXn-\m Chsc Cu Pohm-mhv Xtm-Sp-IqSn hkn-p ]ca kplr"AP-m' Fp hnfn-p-p.*

155

I mb ]c-ta-iz-cs t\sc ZrjvSn-I-fp-bmsX Cu ico-

fn\npw cNn-n-cn--p. C{]-Imcw cNn--s-n-cn- c-ns Bk--am-bnv taml--fn \na--ambn Cu PK-n ap-h AXm-bXv t\cs hn-n-p ico-ctmSv AXyw aaX ]pen-smv AXp-hgn- m\n-I-fmb alm-]p-cp-j-m-cn\npw `n-ambn Pohbmbn t`mK-sf D]t`mKn-p- -Xn X-c-X-tbm-Sp-IqSn k-ap-Zm-bam-Ip--am-b-bn _n--s-n-cn-p-p. Xshknv Ak-a-X-bmepw Zo\-X-bmepw tamln-X-ambn kzm-an-bmb ]c-{_--]-c- ta-iz-cs\ kmm-XvI-cn-m-Xn-cn- p\m\m- {]-Im-c- -f n-e p-a p ZpxJ- sf A\p-` -hn-p-sIm- -Xp-hsc Ah\v Cu {]Ir-Xn-bn\npw tamN\w t\SppIgnbp-p. Ftm-sg-nepw Ch-s-ta `K-hms Zb- hm km[n-p-n- . AXn-\m a\p-jyv B ]c-am-mbp-m-Ip-tm Ch Xn\npw `nhpw Xtm- hns\ Adn-bp--Xn\pw {]m]n-p--Xn-\p-ap D- S-amb sSmp hkn-p--Xp-amb ]c-a-{]n-b-\mb `K-hms\ Xncn- A`n-emjw Dm-bn-cn--Ww. -dn-bp-p. bmsXm- cp- `-P-\--fm \nc-cw tkhn10. ambmw Xp {]IrXnw hnZym-m-bn\w Xp X-\m-bn-cn-p B ]c-ta-iz-c-s\bpw AXp-t]mse At-latl- izcw ns B-cy-a-bn-bmb aln-a-tbbpw PK-n `n-`nXkym-h-b -h-` q-s sX-k vX p- hym]vX w -{]-Im-c--fn {]I-S-am-bn-sm-n-cn-p--Xns\ Zinp k-anZw PK-Xv. Ign-bp-tms Ah kYm timI-c-ln-X-\m-bnocpp. Cu {]I-c-W-n bmsXm-ns\ amb-bpsS \ma- n

8. EtNm Atc ]cta thyma bkvan tZhm A[n hntiz \ntjZpx bkvXw \ thZ InarNm Icn-jyXn b CXv XZv hnZpkvX Cta kam-k-tX.
]c-{_-]-c-ta-iz-cs BIm-i-kz-cq-]-am-Ip ]c-a-[ma-n ka-kvX-tZ-h-K-W- AXm-bXv B ]c-am-mhns ]mj-Z-K-W- B ]c-ta-iz-cs\ tkhn- p-sImp \nh-kn-p-p. Ahn-sS-s ka-kX- th-Z- fpw ]mjv Z-m-cpsS cq]-n aqn-amb `K-hmsd tkh-\-a\p-jvTn-p-p. bmsXmcp a\p-jy B ]c-a-[m-a-n hknp ]c-{_ ]pcptjm-as\ Adn-bm-Xn-cn-p-pthm ka-kvX-thZfpw At-l-n\v tkh-\-a-\pjvT np At-l-ns Xs AwK- `q-X-am- Ip ]mj- Zvam- sc clkys Adn-bm-Xn-cn-p-p-thm, Ah thZ- hgnbmbn Fp {]tbm-P\w t\Spw? AXm- bXv bmsXmpw t\Sphm km[n-p-I-bn-. Fm bmsXm-cp- B ]c-amm-hns\ XmXzn-I-ambn {Kln-p-p-hthm Ah-\m-Is B ]c-a -[m-a-nXs kay-m-b-hn-[-n nXn-sN- pp. AXm-bXv Ahn-sS-\npw Hcn-epw Xncn-p-t]m-cp -n-.

hn-n-cn-p-pthm AXm-Is `K-hms in-cq-]-{]-IrXnbpw B ambm-\m-a-m Adn-b-s-Sp in- cq-]-{]-IrXn-bpsS A[n-]Xn ]c-{_--]-c-ta-iz-c-\mb atlizc-\p-am-Ipp. Cs\ Ch cn-t\bpw {]tXyIw {]tXy-I-ambn a\n-em-- Ww. B ]c-ta-iz-cs in- cq- ]-{]-Ir-Xn-bp-sS-X- s AwK-`q-X-amb Imc-W-Imcy kap-Zm-b-m Cu kqP-Kp hym]vX-am-bn-sm-n-cn-p-p.

11. tbm tbm\nw tbm\n-a-[n-Xn-jvT-tXytIm bkvan-nZw k N hn ssNXn khw Xaoim\w hcZw tZh-aoUyw \nNm-tamw imn-a-Xy--ta-Xn.
]c-{_ ]c-ta-iz-c Hmtcm tbm\n-bp-tSbpw GI-\mb Ay-- \m-Ip-p. Atlw temI-n F{X {]Im-c-fn-ep Imc-W- AwKo-I-cn--s-n-cn-p-pthm AhbpsS Fmw A[n-jTm-Xm-hm-Ipp. Ah-bn GsX-nepw v Imcys D-hn-n-p- -Xn-\p in k-Im- c-W- \mb B ]c-am-m-hntdXm-Wv. At-l-ns tat\m--n Xs Ah B Imcy--sfmw Dev]--am-p-p. B ]cta-iz-c Xs Ah-bpsS Fmw ta`-cWw \Sp-p. Ah-bpsS Fm hyh-Ifpw bYm-tbmKyw \S--s-SpIbpw sNp-p. Cu Fm temI-fpw {]f-b-Im-ev At-l-ns hneo-\-am-Ip-Ibpw AXp-t]mse hop-ap-m-Ip krjvSn-Im-e- At-l-n\n-pXs hnhn[ cq]--fn D- hn-p-Ibpw sNp-p. k\n-b-a-mhpw hc-Zm-b-I\pw GI-am-{X-kvX p-Xn-tbm-Ky\pw k-kp-lrpw Bb ]ctaizc-]-cam-m-hns\ Adnnv Cu Pohn-I \nc-cw kw`-hn-p-sIm-n-cn-p ]c-a-\nm-W-cq-]-amb imnsb {]m]n-p-p.

9. Omwkn bmx {IXth {hXm\n `qXw `hyw b thZm hZn bkvam-mbo krPtX hniz-ta-X-Xv. Xkvanw mt\ym ambbm kw\n-cp-x.
ka-kX-th-Z-cq-]amb O-p-I, b-, {IXpv AXm-bXv tPymXn-jvtSm-amZn hntij b-, \m\m-{]-Im-c-n-ep {hX-, k-, kZm-Nmc-, Ah-bpsS \nb-a- AXp-t]mse ap--`q-Xw, h-am-\w, `mhn ]Zm- Ch-bpsS h\w thZ-fn ImW-s-Sp-p. Ch-sb-m-n-t\bpw {]Ir-Xn-bpsS A[n-jTn-Xm-hmb ]c-ta-iz-cXs Xs Awi-`q-X-ambn v t\ct ]d-n-cn-p-p. ]-`q-XmZn XXz-k-ap-Zm-b--

12. tbm tZhm\mw {]`-h-tm-h hniz-[nt]m cpt{Zm aljnx lnc-Wy-K`w ]iyX Pmb-am-\w k t\m _pym ip`bm kwbp-\-p.

156

AJn-e-tbpw Xt-Xmb `c-W-n hp-sIm-n-cnp cp{Z-cq- ]- tm- Sp-Iq- Snb ]c- ta-iz- c C{mZn Fm tZhX-I-tfbpw krjvSn-p-Ibpw hfp-Ibpw sNp-p. AXp-t]mse Fm-nsbpw A[n-]-Xnbpw alm-m-\k--\pw Bbn-cn-p-p. bmsXm-cp- krjvSn-bpsS Bcw-`-n G-hp-am-Zy-ambn D-hn lnc-Wy-K`s In-cp-pthm AXm-bXv bmsXmv {_m-hns ]qhn-bm-bn-cp-pthm B ]c-a-tZ-h-\mb ]c-am-mhv \apsmw k_pn {]Zm\w sNtW. B k_pn Pohn-Isf Ieym-W-cq-]-\mb ]c-am-m-hn-tep tNp-Xn-\p--Xm-Ip-p. Kmb-{Xo-a-{- nepw CtX _pn-p-thn-s {]m\ \S-p- p. Cu D]- \n-j-ns Bcw`-n Cu a{w hp-I-gn-n-p-v.

\ne-\n-evp-Xpw Ako-ahpw Ahn\minbpw AXn-i-btm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bXp-amb imnsb {]m]n-p-p. Fp-sIms-m B alm-]p-cp-j Cu Aim-amb PK-Xv {]]tmSp kYm kw_- - c-ln-X\pw hnc--\p-amIp-p.

15. k Gh Imte `ph-\ky tKm]vXm hnizm-[n]x k-`qtXjp KqVmx. bkvan bpm {_jtbm tZh-Xm Xtahw mXzm arXyp-]mimwivOn\-n.

bmsXm-cp-s h\w IqsS-qsS sN-s-n-cn-ppthm B ]c-a-tZh ]c-ta-iz-c Xs ka-b-n\v AXmbXv h- am-\-Im-e- kIe {_m- WvU- tbpw kwc13. tbm tZh-\m-a-[nt]m bkvanw-tmIm A[n-{in-Xmx. n-p--Xp-t]mse Atlw ]q PK-ns A[n-]b Cuti Aky Zzn]-Z--Xp-jv]Zx Ikvssa tZhmb Xnbpw Fm Pohn-I-fnepw A-cym-an-bmb cq]-n Hfnlhnjm hnt[-a. n-cn-p--h-\p-am-Ip-p. At-l-ns thZ-c- lbmsXmcp k- \n- b-m-hmb ]c-ta-iz-c kakvX tZh- ky-sf Adn-n-cn-p aljn-K-W-fpw Fm tZhI-fp-tSbpw A[n-]Xn-bm-bn-cn-p-pthm bmsXm-cp--\n X-Ifpw [ym\w hgn-bmbn kmyw {]m]n-n-cn-p-p. Fmka-kX- tem-I-fpw Fm {]Im-c-nepw B{in-X-am-bn-cn- hcpw At-ls kvacn-p-Ibpw Nnn-p-Ibpw sNbvXpv p-pthm bmsXmp qehpw kqvahpw Ahy-- sImv At-l-ns ]n-tn-cn-p-p. C{]amb Ah--b nXs Fm-hn-[- nepw Fm-n- Imcw ]c-a-tZ-h\mb B ]ctaizcs\ Adn-nv a\p-jy ba-cm-Ps Fm ]mitfbpw AXm-bXp P\-\-a-c-W-Imsbpw B{i-b-am-bn-cn-p-pthm bmsXmv cp ]mZ-tfmSpw \mep-]m-Z--tfmSpw IqSn-bhbp-sS-ta AXm-bXv c-W-`q-X--fmb Fm _\v[-\-tfbpw apdnp-I-f-bp-p. - Fm Poh-k-ap-Zm-b--fp-tS-bpw- ta Xs ANn-y-i-n- ]noSv Ah Hcn-epw {]Ir-Xn-bpsS _-\-n AIv Zzmcm `cWw \S-p-pthm B B\--cq-]\pw km-[m- s-Sp-n; Fs-t- bp-ambn kYm ap-\m-bn-ocp-p. c\pw k-i-n-am\pw Bb ]c-ta-iz-cs\ \apv {im`-n-]qw lhncq-]-am-Ip ImgvN kaWw sNbvXp16. LrXm-Xv]cw aWvU-an-hm-Xn-kqvaw sImv ]qPn- mw. AXm- b Xv Fmw At-l - n\p mXzm inhw k-`qtXjp KqVw. kaWw sNbvXp-sImv At-l-n-t-Xp-X-s-bm-nhniz-sskyIw ]cn-th-jvS n-Xmcw omw. CXp-Xs At-ls {]m]n-p--Xn-\p mXzm tZhw apNytX k-]mssix. kl-P-amb D]m-bw.

14. kqvam-Xn-kqvaw Ien-eky at[y hnizky {kjv Sm-a-t\-I-cq]w hniz-sskyIw ]cn-th-jvS n-Xmcw mXzm inhw imn-a-y--ta-Xn.

bmsXmcp ]c-{_--]-c-am- mhv kqv at-m AXyw kqvam-bn-cn-p-pthm AXm-bXp bmsXmv At-l-ns Ir] IqSmsX {Kln- -s -Sp- n-tbm bmsXmv kI-e-Xnsbpw lrZ-bKp-lm-cq-]-am-Ip cl17. Gj tZthm hniz-Im almm kyktX-n nXn-sN-ppthm bmsXmv \tmSv kZm P\m\m lrZtb knhnjvSx Ghpw ASp-n-cn-p-pthm bmsXmv AJn-e-tem-IlrZm a\ojm a\-km-`n-n]vtXm tbpw krjvSn-p-pthm AXp-t]mse kzbw hniz-cq-]b GXZv hnZp-c-ar-XmkvtX `h-n. ambn At\-I -c q-] - sf [cn- p-s Im- n-c n- p- pthm bmsXmp \ncm-Im-c-cq-]-tm-Sp-IqSn kakvX temI-{]]-s krjvS n Cu alm-mhv AXm-bXv tfbpw Fm `mK--fn\npw he-bw-sNbvXp hkn-p- kin-am\pw k-hym-]nbpw Bb Cu ]ctaizc pthm Ah- bs- m-ap- ]-cn- bmbn GI\pw AZzn- Xob Ieym- kZm-k-a-bhpw Fm a\p-jy-cp-tSbpw lrZ-b-fn kayv W-kz-cq-]\p-amb atlizc\ Adn-nv a\p-jy \nXyw mb hn[-n nXn-sN-p-p. At-l-ns KpW-

sh-bpsS apI`mK-p kmcmw-i-s-t mse bmsXmv Fm- nsdbpw kmchpw AXp-t]mse kqvahpw BIp-pthm Ieym-W-kz-cq-]\pw GI-am-{X- \pamb B ]c-a-tZh ]c-ta-iz-cs\ Fm Pohn-I-fnepw Hfnn-cn-p--h-\mbpw AXp-t]mse AJn- eP-K-n-sbpw Fm`mKfn\npw he-bw-sNbvXv AXns\ hym]vX-amp--h-\p-ambn Adn-np a\p-jy Fm _-\--fn \npw tamN\w {]m]n-p-p.

157

I {]-`mhsf {ihn-np {Zhn-Xhpw hnip--hp-amb \n-e-

ikvkv' BIp-pthm bmsXm-ns alm-b-iv k{X lr-Z-b-tmSpw \n-ebp--amb _pn-tbmSpw AXp- {]kn--am- bn- cn-p- pthm B ]cm-]- c- {_--n\p bmsXmcp t]mse GIm-{K-amb a\-p-h-gn-bmbpw \nc-- c-ambn [ym\n- D]-a-Ifpw {Kln-p--Xn\pw {Kln-n-p--Xn\pw km[y-amm am{Xta B ]c- am-mhp {]Xy- - am-I-bp-q. Cu cl- I- --hn-[- n ImW- s- Sp- n- . AXn-\m a\pjy B ky-sf {Kln- n-p km[-I At- ls {]m]nv Aar- ]c-a-amb XXzs Adn-bp--Xn\pw {]m]n-p--Xn\pw A`nX-kz-cq-]-\m-bn-o-cpp; Fstbvp-ambn P\-\-a-c-W- em-j-ap-- h- cm- bn- cn-- Ww. Fp- sIm-s- m a\p-jyv AXp e`n-p--Xm-sW-n \ap-p-aXp e`n--Ww. -fn \npw ap-\m-Ip-p.

18. bZm Xa-kvX Znhm \ cm{Xn \ k Nmk-RvOnh Gh tIhex XZ-cw X-hn-Xph-tcWyw {]m N XkvamXv {]krXm ]pcm-Wo.
bmsXm-cp-k-a bw Am-X- c q-]-am- Ip A-Im-cns A`mhw Dm-bn-cn-p-pthm B kabw {]Xy-am-Ip XXzw ]Iepw cm{Xnbpw BIp-n-. AXm-bXv AXns\ ]It]mse {]Im-i-a-bambpw cm{Xn-p-Xpeyw AIm-c-ambpw ]d-bp-hm kmy-a- . Fp-sIm-sm AXv cn-s\-mfpw Akm-[m-c-Wm-Ip-p. AhnsS m\m-m-\--fpsS t`Ztm Iev]-\-Itm m\-an-. AXv kpw Akpw BIp-n- . AXns\ kspw Ak-spw ]d-tb {]iv\ta DZn-p-n. Fp-sIm-s-m AXv kspw Ak-s-pap \ma--fm Adn-b- s- Sp Fm hkvXp--tf-mfpw A p- X - I - c - a m- W v . GI- a m{X Ieym- W - k z- c q- ] - \ mb inhXs B XXz-am-Ip-p. Atlw kYm Ahn-\min-bm-Ip-p. kqcym-Zn-I-fmb Fm tZh-I-fp-tSbpw D]m-kytZ-h-\m-Ip-p. At-l-n\n-p-Xs BZn apX \ne\nph-cp Cu A\m-Zn-bmb m\w hnImkw {]m]n-psIm-n-cn-p- p. AXm-bXv ]c- am- m- hns\ Adn-bp-- Xn\pw {]m]n- p- -Xn-\pw-th-n-bp km[\ A[n- Im- cn-I-fpsS ]c-c-bn\npw {]m]vX- ambn \ne-\n-p-h-cp-p.

20. \ kwZrti XnjvTXn cq]-aky \Npjm ]iyXn I-ss\-\w. lrZm lrZnw a\km b G\ tahw hnZp-c-ar-XmkvtX `h-n.
bmsXm-ns {]I- cWw \S- p-sIm-n- cn-p- pthm B ]ca {]m]y-\mb ]c-am-m-hns kzcq]w ZrjvSn-]-Y-n \np- n- . km[- I a\- phgnbmbn At- ls Nnnp-tm hnip--amb Ax-I-c-W-n Hmtcmc ka-bmbn B\--a-b-\mb ]c-ta-iz-cs kzcq-]-ns anna-d-b Dm-Ip-p. Fm AXv \n-e-am-bn-m-W-sSp-n-. Cu ]c-am-m-hns\ Bpw {]mIr-X- -fmb t\{X hgn-bmbn Zin-p-hm km[n-p-n-. bmsXm-cp\v Cu ]c-am-mhv kzbw Ir]-tbm-Sp-IqSn Znhy-ZrjvSn {]Zm\w sNbvXn-cn-p-pthm Ah\p am{Xw At-ls Znhy-t\-{X--fm Zin-p-hm Ign-bp-p. bmsXmcp km[I C{]-Imcw Cu clkyw a\-n-emn Xs lrZb-n nXn-sN-p-p. Cu A-cym-an-bmb ]c-am-mhns\ At-l-s KpWw, {]`mhw Chsb {ihn-nv `n-`m- h-m {Zhn-X-amb lrZ-bw- h-gn-bmbpw \n-e- amb a\-p-h-gn-bmbpw \nc-cw At-ls Nnn-p-sImp a\-n-em-p-pthm Ah Aa-c-\m-bn-o-cpp \nXyambn P\-\-a-c-W--fn \npw ap-\m-bn-o-cp-p. kw_w C{]-Imcw ]c-ta- iz-cs kzcq-]-tbpw Atl-ns {]m]vXn-bpsS ^e-tbpw hnh-cn-nv C\n cp a{- - fn-embn BZyw apn-p-th- nbpw ]noSv kmwkmcn-I-fmb `b--fn \np c- bvp-th-nbpw B ]c- ta-iz-c-t\mSp {]mn- p-- Xn-\p {]Im-c-sf \ntin-p-p.

19. ss\\-aq[zw \ Xncyw \ at[y ]cn- {P-{K- `Xv \ Xky {]Xnam AkvXn bky \ma al-Zy-ix.
]e a{--fn-embn bmsXm-ns h\w \S--sn-c n-p-p-hthm ]ca {]m]y-a mb B ]c-{_-s bmsXmcp a\p-jy\pw apI-fn \ntm Xmsg-\ntm CSbvp-\ntm as-hnsS \nptam Ic- -am-p-hm km[np-n-. Fp-sIm-s- m AXp kYm A{Km-ly-amIpp ]nSn-bn-sem-Xp-p-n-. CXns\ Adn-bp-Ibpw {]m]np-Ibpw sNt--Xmb Imcyw imkv{X--fn ImW-sSp-p. Ahsb {]m]n-n-p-hp am{Xta AXns clkyw a\-n- em-p-hm km[n- p-p-q. AXpw hmpI-fm hy-am-p-hm Ign-bp-n-. Fp-sIm-s- m hmp-Ifpw a\pw Ahn-Sw-hsc Fp-n-. AXv Adnbp--Xn\pw Adn-bn-p- -Xn\pw ]p Fm hkvXppw AXo-X-am-Ip-p. bmsXm-ns \maw "alm-b-

21. APmX CtXyhw InZv `ocpx {]]-ZytX cp{Z-bt ZnWw apJw tX\ amw ]mln \nXyw.
tl cp{Zm, kI-en-sbpw kwlm-c-I-\mb ]c-ta-izcm, Av kzbw AP-m-hm-Ip-p. AXn-\m ap--htcbpw P\- \-a-c-W-- fn\np ap-cm-p-Xv A-bpsS kz`m-h-am-Wtm? CXp-hn-Nm-cnv P\-\a-c-W-sf `b-sp- sIm- n-cn-p km[I Cu kwkm- c-N- {I-n\npw tamN\w t\Sp- -Xn- \p- thn Asb icWw {]m]n- pp. Rm\pw Cu kmwkm-cnI N{I-n\npw tamN\w t\Sp-Xn-\p-thn Asb icWw {]m]n-pp. AXn-\m

158

I bmsXmv A-bpsS he-Xp-ap-J-am-Ip-pthm AXm-bXv


bmsXmv A-bpsS Ieym-W-a-b-amb kzcq-]-am-bn-cn-ppthm AXp-h-gn-bmbn Av Fs Cu P\-\a-c-Wcq-]amb alm-`-b-n\npw Fs-t-bp-ambn cn-mv epw. Fs \nXy-ambn Cu `b-n\npw ap-am-nbm- epw.

22. am \kvtXmtI X\tb am \ Bbpjn am t\m tKjp am t\m Atizjp cocn-jx. hocmm t\m cp{Z `man tXm h[o lhn-jvax kZ-anXzm lhm-a-tl.
kI-e-tbpw kwl-cn-p--h-\mb tl cp{Z-tZ-hm, R \m\m- {]-Im- c-n- ep ImgvN-I kan-p-sImv Ftmgpw Asb hnfn-p-sImp hkn-p-p. ApXs Rsf cn-p--Xn kU-Ym ka-\m-Ipp. AXn-\m Av R-fp-sS-ta Hcn-epw Ip]n-X- \mIm-Xn-cn-q. AXp-t]mse Ip]n-X-\m-bnv R-fpsS ]p{X-]u{X- mpw RfpsS Bbp-n\pw IpXnc apX-emb arKpw Hcn-epw bmsXmcp hn[-n-ep-ap Xw Gev]n- m-Xn-cn--tW. R-fpsS hoc- m-cmb ]pcp- j-msc \in-n- m- Xn- cn-- tW. AXm- bXv Fm {]Im-c-nepw Rtfbpw R-fpsS [\-tbpw P\--tfbpw cn-m-epw.

B Ahn-\m-in-Iq-S--XXzw (Po-h-k-ap-Zm-bw) hnZy F t]cn hnfn--s-Sp-p. Fp-sIm-s- m AXv tNX-\bm-Ip-p. hnm-\-a-b-am-Ip-p. bmsXm-cp- Cu hnZysbpw Ahn-Zy-sb-p-ap t]cn hnfn--s-Sp cn- sbpw A-c- n-sbpw ta `cWw \S- p-pthm cn-sbpw kzman-bm-bn-cn-p-pthm cpw bmsXm-cps inbpw {]Ir-Xnbpw Bbn-cn-p-pthm B ]cta-iz-c Cu cn-s\-mfpw A\y\pw XnIpw km[m-cW-\p-am-Ip- p.

2. tbm tbm\nw tbm\n-a-[n-Xn-jvT-tXytIm hnizm\n cq]mWn tbm-\o kmx Ejnw {]kqXw I]new bkvXat{K mss\_n-`n Pmb-am\w N ]tiy-Xv.
Cu {]]-.-n tZh-I, a\p-jy, arK-, ]nI, IoS, Nn{X-i-e`- apX-embn F{Xtbm tbm\nI ImW-s-Sp-p. AXp-t]mse Hmtcm-n\pw `n-- fmb cq]--fp-apv. Ah-sb-m-n-sbpw Ah-bp-sS Imc-Wcq-]--fmb ]-a-l-`q-Xm-Zn-bmb Fm XXz--fp-tSbpw A[n-]-Xn-bm-bn-cn-p-Xp bmsXm-cp-t\m AXm-bXv Chsbmw bmsXm-cp-s A[o-\-n-em-bn-cn-p-pthm bmsXm-cp- G-hp-amZyw P-sa-Sp I]ne aljnsb AXm-bXv lnc-Wy-K`-\mb {_m-hns\ Hmtcm k-nsbpw BZn-bn Fm {]Im-c- n-ep-ap m\-- fm ]cn-]p-jS-am-p-Ibpw Fm {]Im-c-n-ep-ap m\v m k--amn krjvSn-p-Ibpw AXp-t]me bmsXmcp- Ghpw BZy- ambn D- hn- nv B lnc- Wy- K`s Zin-p-Ibpw sNbvXpthm Atlw Xs-bm-Ip-p. k- i-n-am\pw km-[m-chpw AJn-e-n-tbpw kzmanbp-amb ]c-{_ ]pcp-tjm--a.

]-a m- ymbw
1. tZz Atc {_-]tc Xz\t hnZym-hntZy \nlntX b{X KqtV cw XzhnZym lyarXw Xp hnZym hnZym-hntZ CuitX bkvXp tkm\yx.
bmsXmcp ]c-ta-iz-c {_-s-mfpw AXyw t{ijvT-\m- bn- cn- p- pthm Xs amb- bpsS ad-bn Hfn-ncn-p- pthm koam-c-ln-X\pw Ahn\min-bp-am-bn-cn-ppthm AXm-b Xv bmsXm-cp- tZi-Im-e- p khvYm AXo-X-\m-bn-cn-p-pthm bmsXm-cp-\v Hcnepw Hcp {]Im-c-nepw hn\miw kw`-hn- p-hm km[ya-m-Xn-cn-p-pthm A{]-Im-c-ap ]c-am-m-hn hnZybpw Ahn-Zybpw hncm-Pn-p-sIm-n-cn-p-p. AXm-bXv cpw bmsXm-cp- s B[m-c - n-t Dd- n-c n-p-pthm Atlw ]q-{_-] p-cp-tjm- -a Xs-bm-Ip-p. ChnsS ]cn-h-\-ioew IqSp-Ibpw Ipd- bp-Ibpw sNbvXpsIm-n-cn-p Dn hn\mikoec-X- X zs AhnZy F t]cn ]d- n-cn-p- p. Fp-sIm-s- m AXv PUw BIp-p. AXn hnZy-bp-sS, m\-ns, kYm A`mhw Dm-bn-cn-p-p. AXn-\p-hn-cp- -ambn bmsXmp P\-\a-c -W--fn cln-X-am-bn-cn-p-pthm bmsXmv IqSp-Ibpw Ipd-bp-Ibpw sNm-Xn-cn-p-pthm

3. GssIIw Pmew _lp[m hnIph kvan tt{X kwl-c-tXyj tZhx `qbx krjvSzm ]X-b-kvX-tYix khm[n-]Xyw IpcptX alm-m.
bmsXm-cp-s {]I-c-W- XpSp-sIm-n-cn-ppthm ]c-a-tZ-h-\mb B ]c-ta-iz-c Cu {]]--cq-]-amIp t{X-n krjvSnIm-e-n Hmtcmtcm kaq-lsf AXm-bXv _pn apX- em-bhbpw BIm-im-Zn-I-fmb Xs {]Ir- Xn-Isf ]e-{]-Im-c- n hn`-Pn- nv Hmtcm-n\pw `n-`n--amb cq]hpw \mahpw inbpw \In Ahsb hnI-k n- n-p-I bpw kzbw sXs {]f-b -I m-e- n Ahsb Fmw kwl-cn-p- Ipbw sNbvXp-sIm-n-cn-p- p. alm-m-hmb B ]c-ta-iz-c krjvSn-Im-en, ap {]mh-iy-s-tm-se-Xs ka-kvX-tem-I--tfbpw AhbpsS A[n-]m-scbpw krjvSnnv kzbw Ah-sb-m-nsbpw A[njvTmXm-hmbn Ah-bp-sS-ta `cWw \S-pp. At-l-ns eoe ANn-y--fm-Ip-p. Nnn-p-

159

I -Xp-sImv At-l-ns cl-ky- a\-n-em-p-hm

B ]c-{_-]-c-am-m-hns\ thZfpsS cl-ky-hn-Zymkm[n-p--Xp-a-. At-l-ns `-mXs B eoe- cq-]-amb D]-\n-j-p--fn Hfn-n-cn-p-p. AXm-bXv I-fpsS cl-kys am{Xta Aev]-ambn a\-n-em-p- At-l-ns kzcq-]-h\w D]- \n- j-p--fn cl-kyp-q. ambn sN-s-n-cn-p- p. thZw ]pd-s-Xpw At-ln\n- pXsbm- I p- p. C{]- I mcw thZ- -f n 4. khm Zni Du[za-[ XncyIv adncn-p--h\pw thZ--fpsS {]mI-Sy- m-\-hp-amb B {]Im-i-b {`mPtX bZz-\-Uvhm ]c-ta-iz-cs\ {_mhv Adn-bp-p. At-lsqSmsX Ghw k tZh `K-hm htctWym as-{Xtbm ]q-hn-I-fmb tZh-Ifpw Ejn-amcpw Atls Adn- n-c n- p- pthm Ah- s cmw At- l tbm\nkz`mhm\ [n XnjvT-tXy-Ix. ns hneo-\-cmbn B\--kz-cq-]-a-m-cm-bn- o-cpF{]-Imcw Cu kqcy Cu {]]-s Fm `mK-p. AXn-\m k-i-n-am\pw km-[m-chpw AJn- efn \npw {]Im-in-n-p-sImp hncm- Pn-p- pthm AtXn-sbpw A[oi\p- amb ]c-am-m-hns\ apIfn ]d {]-Imcw B `K-hm k-hn[ sFizcyfm k{]Im-c-n AwKo-I-cn-nv At-ls Adn-bp--Xn\pw \pw Fm-h-cmepw `P-\-tbm-Ky-\p-amb ]c-a-tZ-h-]-c-ta-iz{]m]n-p--Xn\pw a\p-jy X-c-cm-bn-o-c-Ww. c GI-\m-bn-s ka-kvXIm-c-W-cq-]--fmb Xs `n-`nin-I-fpsS A[n-jvTm-Xm-hmbn Ah-s b-sbmw kw_w ]c-ta-iz-c Fm Pnhn-Itfbpw Ah-bpsS Im-\p-kr-X-amb KpW- -tfm-Sp-IqSn kwtbm-Pn-n-n-cn-p\bn-p-sIm-n-cn-p-p. Fm-n\pw AXm-XpIfptS-Xmb Imcy- \S-p--Xn-\p kmayw \In bYm- p. AXn-\m Pohm-m-hnsd kzcq-]hpw \m\m-tbm-\nI-fnqSn Ncn-p-\-\-Xn-\p Imc-Whpw ]d-bp--Xn-\ptbmKyw {]h-\--fn hym]r-X-\m-bn-cn-p-p. thn {]tXyI {]I-c-W- Bcw-`n-p-p. kw_w apI-fn ]-d-n-cn-p Imcy-n\v C\n 7. KpWm-\zmtbm bx ^e-I-Im kv]jvSoI-cWw \Ip-p.

Cu a{- n {]I-cWw Bcw-`n-p--Xp-Xs Pohmm-hn\p "KpWm-\zb' hnti-j-Ww-sIm-m-Wv. bmsXmv bmsXmv Cu kq-hn-iz-ns Imc-W-am-IpPoh-Kp-W- -fm _n--s {]Ir-Xn-bn nXn-sN-ppthm AXm-bXv bmsXm-n\p ap bmsXmcp Imc-Whpw -Xm-bn-cn-p-pthm AXv P\-\-a-c-W-am-Ip Cu kwkmCm-Xn-cn-p-p-thm, PK-ns Imc-W-cq-]--fmbn ]d-bc-N-{I-n Id-n-smncn-p-p. bmsXmv KpWm-Xos-Sp Fm XXz--fp-tSbpw in-cq] kz`m-hs X-am-bn-cn-p-pthm AXp Id-p-n-. bmsXmcp PohmbmsXm-cp- Xs k-ev]-cq-]-am-Ip X]-m ]mImhv kXzw, cP-v, Xav Fo {XnKp-W--fm _ns- Sp-p-pthm AXm- bXv BIm-im- Zn-I- fmb Fm XXz--s-n-cn-p-pthm AXp \m\m-{]-Im-c--fn-ep Ifp-tSbpw `n- -fmb in- I {]f-b-Im-e-n ep]vX^-e-cq]fmb t`mKfpsS {]m]vXn- p-thn \m\m-{]- Imam-bn-Xo-cp-p-thm, Ahsb Xs k-ev]Zzmcm hopw c-n-ep-ap I- sNp-Ipbw Xm sN-s {]Xy- - s-Sp- p-Ibpw {]Xy- - am--s in- Isf \m\mB I--fpsS ^ew A\p-`-hn-p--Xn-\p-thn hnhn-[cq-]--fn ]cn-h-\-s-Spn Cu hnNn-{Xamb PKtbm-\nIfn P-sa-Spp hn`n--cq-]--fn {]Xy-- sns\ krjvSn-p-Ibpw sNp-p. AXp-t]mse kXzmZn Sp-Ibpw Fhn-sS-bm-bn-cp-mepw {XnKp-W--fm bp-am{XnKp-W--fp-tSbpw Ah-bn\n- p--hn-n-p hkvXpbn- cn-p-Ibpw sNp- p. IvJ-fpsS Pohn-Itfm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bp Ah-bpsS Im-\p-krX-amb kw_tbpw bYm-tbmKyw m]n-p-sIm-n- kw_w Pohm-m-hns kzcq]w F-s\-bp--Xmcn-p-p. C{]-Imcw bmsXm-cp- X\n-sb-Xs Cu Ipp F tNmZy-n\p adp-]Sn ]d-bp-p. kq-P-K-ns Fm-hy-h-Ifpw \Sn CXn-s8. AMvKp-jvT-amt{Xm chn-Xp-ey-cq]x ta `cWw \S-p-pthm Atlw k-i-n-am-\mb kwI-ev]mlw Imc-ka-\zntXm bx. ]c-{_--]-c-ta- iz-c-\m-Ip-p.

5. b kz`mhw ]NXn hniz-tbm\nx ]mNymw khm ]cn-Wm-a-tbZv bx kh-ta-X Zv hniz-a-[n-X n-jvT-tXytIm KpWmw khm hn\n-tbm-P-tbZv bx.

IrX-ky-X-sskyh k tNm]-t`m-m. k hniz-c q-]-k v{XnKp-W-kv{Xn-hm {]mWm-[n]x kwN-cXn kzI-`nx.

6. XZv thZ-Kp-tlym-]-\n-jp KpVw XZv {_m thZtX {_-tbm\nw tb ]q-tZhm Ej-b XZzn-Zp kvtX Xbm AarXm ssh _`p-hpx.

_ptKp-tW-\m- -Kp-tW\ ssNh cm{K-amt{Xm Bly-]tcm]n ZrjvSx.


a\p-jy-lr-Zbw AwKp-jT- ns Af-hn IW-m-v s-Sp-Ibpw B lrZ-b-ns Pohm-mhp hkn-pIbpw sNp-p. AXn-\m AXns\ AwKpjvTam{Xw (Aw-

160

I Kp-jvT-ns Af-thm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-Xv) Fp ]d-bp-p.

km[n-p-pthm A{Xbpw Pohm-mhp XS-bp-n-. tNXAXns hmkvX-hn-I-kz- cq]w kqcy-t\-tmse {]Im-i-abw \m-kq-va -hk vXp-p PU- q-e- tZ-i-tm-Sp-IqSn (hn- m-\-abw) BIp-p. AXns\ Am-\-cq-]-am-Ip _-s-Sp-hm km[y-a-. AXn-kq-va-am-sW-n-cn-nepw A-Imcw kv]in-p--tX-bn-. AXv k-ev]-mepw q-e-hkvXp-fn k{X hym]vX-a m-b n-c n- p-h m Al-m-c-mepw bp-am- -s- n- cn-p-p. AXn- \m k- km[n-p-p. CtX `mh-s-Xs {Kln-n-p-Xn-\pev]cq-]-am-Ip _pn-bpsS KpW-m Al-bpw aa- thn Ah-km-\-n C{]-Imcw ]d-bp-p. CXv C{Xbpw Xbpw kw_--am-bn-cn-p--Xp-Im-cWw kqNn-ap-\-t]mse kqva-am-sW-n-cn-nepw A\-`m-h-m bp-am-bnAXyw kqva m-I m-c -tm-S p- I q-S n- b Xpw ]c-a m- m- cn-p--Xn AXm-bXv Ako-a-am-IpXn ka-am-Iphn\np `n-hp-am-Ip-p. Pohmmhns XXzs Adn- p. AXv PU-P-K-n Fpw \nd-n-cn-p-p. n-p m\n-Ifmb ]pcp-j-m KpW--fm bp10. ss\h kv{Xo \ ]pam-t\jp ss]hmbw amb Pohm-m-hns kzcq-]s Cs\ Xs In-cn\]pw-k -Ix. p-p. Bm-hns kzqcq]w hmkvX- hn AXyw bZv b-co-c-am-Zt tX\ tX\ k bqPy-tX. kqv a-am-Ip-p. AXn-kq-va--fmb PU-h-kvXp- AXns Xpe-\-n qe--fm-bn-cn-p-p. AXns Pohm-mhv hmkvX-h-n kv{Xobp-a-, ]pcp-j-\p-a-. kqva-X-Xzs bmsXmcp PU-h-kvXp--fp-tSbpw Af-hn- \]pw- k-I-hp-a-. AXv Hcp ico-cn {]th-in-p-tm \m Af--s-Sp-hm km[y-a-. AXns eyw a\-n- AXp-ambn kwbp--sv As\-Xs Bbn-o-cp-p. em-p- -Xn-\p- thn am{Xw AXns\ kw_-- h-kXp-hns Cv kv{Xobm-bn-cn-p Pohm-mhv ASp P-n v BIm- c- tm-Sp- IqSn hnti- jn-n-p- p. lrZ-b- tZ-ip hkn- ]pcp-j- \m-Ip-p. bmsXmv ]pcp-j-\m-bn-cn-p-pthm AXv p--Xp-Im- cWw AXns\ AwKp- jvT-am- {X-]- cn-am-W-sap ]d- kv{Xobmbpw `hn-p-p. kv{Xo]p- cp- j-\-]pw-k-ImZnt`Z bp-Ibpw _pn-Kp-W-n-sbpw AXp-t]mse B- Kp-W- ico-cs kzoI-cn-Xn-\p-ta Dm-Ip--Xm-Ipp Fp n-sbpw kw_- - n\npw AXns\ kqNn- ap- \-bpsS `mhw. Pohm-mhv k-t`-Z-iq-\y-am-Ip-p. Fm D]m-[n- IBIm-c- tm-Sp-Iq-SnbsXp ]d-bp-Ibpw sNp-p. _pn fn \npw cln-Xam-Ip-p. apX-em-b-hsb kqNn-ap-\tbm-Sp-]an-p-p. CXp-sIm- p11. kwI-ev]-\-kv]i-\-Zr-jvSn-tam-ssl Xs Pohm-m-hns\ ChnsS kqNn-ap-\bvp kZr-i-ambn {Kmkmw-_phrjvSym Nm-hn-hr-zn-P ]d- n-cn-p- p. kw_w ]q-a-{-n bmsXmcp Pohm-m-hns kzcq- ]s kqNn- ap- \bvp kZriw kqva- sap ]d-ncn-p-pthm AXns\ hopw kv]jvS-am-pp

Im-\pKm-\ y-\ p-{I-taW tZlo mt\jp cq]m-W y-` n-k w-{]-]-Zy-tX.

k-e]w, kv]i-\w, ZrjvSn, tamlw, t`mP-\w, Pe-]mv \w, hrjvSn Ch-sb-mw-sImp kPo-h-amb ico-c-ns hrnbpw Phpw Dm-Ip-p. kv{Xo ]pcp-j-m-cpsS ]c`mtKm Pohx k hntbx k kv]-c-tam-l]q-I-amb kev]w, kv]i-\w, hoWw Nm\-ymb Iev]-tX. Ch hgn-bm-bp kl-hmkw Dm-bn--gn-m Pohm]q-a-{-n Pohm-m-hns kzcq]w kqNn-ap- mhv K`-n hcpp. FmWv CXn `mhw. ]noSv \bvpkZriw kqva-sap ]d-n-cn-p-p. AXp amXm- hns t`mP- \w- sImpw Pe- ]m-\w-sImpw Dm- Ip {Kln-p--Xn {`aw kw`-hn-p-hm km[y-X-bp-v. AXn- t]mj-Imw-i- hgn-bmbn AXns hfbpw P\-\hpw \m \-Xp-t]mse {Kln-p--Xn\v hopw C{]-Imcw ]d- \S-p-p. cm-as Bibw (`m-hw) `n-`n--tbm-\n-Ibp-p. [m\y-a-Wn-bpsS ap\sb \apv Hcp \qd-I-j-W- fn Pohs D-nbpw hfbpw `n-`n--{]-Im-c-fm-mw. ]ns Ah-bn\npw Hsc- -sa- S-nv AXns\ fn-em-Ipp Fm-Wv. Nne tbm\n-I-fn-em-Is Ba-ap-hopw \qdm-bnv Ij-Wn-mw. Ah-bn Hcp Ij- W-n\v bn\n-s-- t]mse k-ev]- am- {X- bns Pohn-I-fpsS F{X-am{Xw kqva-am-Ip-hm Ign-bptam AXm-bXv [m\y- t]mjWw \S- p-sIm- n-cn-p-p. Nne tbm\n- I-fn ]na-Wn-bpsS ap\sb ]Xn-\m-bn-c-amn Ij-Wn-m AXn bpsS ap-bn\n-s--t]mse Bk-n-tbm-Sp-I q-S nb Hcp `mK-n\v F{X-am{Xw kqva-am-Ip-hm km[n-ptam kv]i-\w- sImp kw`-hn-p-p. Nne tbm\n- I-fn ayAXn\p kam-\-amWv Pohm-m-hns kzcq]w Fp a\- apX- em-b- h-bn- se-tmse Bk-n-tbm-Sp-Iq-Snb t\mwn-em--Ww. Cu hnh-cWw AXns kqva-Xsb ey- sIm-p-Xs kw`-hn-p-p. ap Nne tbm\n-I-fn a\pam-p--Xn-\p-th-n-am-{X- am-Wv. hmkvX- h-n tNX-\bp- jy-cnepw arK--fn-epw-t]mse A- `-Ww sImpw PesSbpw kqva-hkvXp--fp-sSbpw kzcq]w PU-q-e-h- ]m-\w-sImpw kw`-hn-p-p. Nne tbm\n-I-fn hr-ekvXp- -fpsS D]-a-bm a\-n-em- p-hm km[y-a-. Fp- Xm-ZnIsftmse hrjvSn-bp-m-Ip am{X-bn kw`-hn-psIm- s- m [m\y- a-Wn-bpsS ap\-bpsS ]Xn-\m-bn-c-n p. C{]-Imcw \m\m-{]-Im-c--fn kPoh ico-c--fpsS Hcp `mK-n\v BIm-i-n F{X-tZ-i-sf XS-bp-hm kwc-- Whpw XpjvSn-]p-jSn-cq-]-hr-nbpw Phpw Dmv

9. hmem-{K-i-X-`m-Kky iX[m Iev]n-Xky N

161

I Ip-p. Pohm-mhv Xs I--\p-k-c-W-ambn Ah-

n-cn-p-Ibpw sNp-pthm bmsXm-cp--\v BZn-bp-a-- hpbpsS ^e-sf A\p-`-hn- p--Xn-\p-thn C{]-Imcw hn`n- an-m-Xn-cn-p-pthm AXm-bXv bmsXmv Dev]-n, hn\m--fmb temI--fnqSn Ka-\w-sN-bvXp-sImv Hn- iw, hrn-bw apX- emb hnIm-c--fm kYm iq\y\p-tijw Hs {Ia-n \m\m-i-co-c-sf XpS- \m-bn-cn- p- pthm kZm GI- c-k-\m-bn- cn- p- pthm bmsXmcp- Fm temI--tfbpw krjvSn- nv hnhn-[-cq-]bmbn kzoI-cn-p-sIm-n-cn-p-p. fn {]Xy--s-Sp-Ibpw Cu temIs apgp-h Fm-`mkw_w CXns \m\m-tbm-\n-IfnqSn XpS-bmK- p- \npw hebw sNbvXn- cn-p-Ibpw sNp-pthm GIbp Ka-\m-K-a\w Fp-sImp kw`-hn-pp? CXn am-{X\pw km-[m-c\pw k-i-n-am\pw Fm- n- s\bpw s\n hnh-cn-pp `cn-p--h\pw kt-iz-c-\p-amb B ]c-{_ ]pcp-tjm12. qem\n kqvamWn _lq\n ssNh -as\ Adn-p-sImv Cu Pohm- mhv Fs-t-bpv ambn Fm _-\--fn\npw XnIpw tamN\w {]m]ncq]mWn tZlo kzKp-ssWhr-tWm-Xn. p-p. {Inbm-Kp-ssW-cm--Kp-ssW tXjmw

kwtbm-K-tl-Xp-c-]tcm]n ZrjvSx.
Pohm- mhp Xm sN- s I- - fpsS kwkvmc--fmepw _pn, a\-,v C{n-b- CXp-t]mse ]-`qX- Fn-h-bpsS kapZmb cq]-am-Ip ico-c-ns [-- fmepw bp-am-bn- cn-p-- Xp-Im-cWw Al-, aaX apX-emb KpW-p hio`qX-ambn At\-I-a-t\Iw icoc-sf {]m]n-p-p. AXm-bXv ico-c-ns [--fn Al-bpw aa-Xbpw `mhn-nv XZv cq]-am-bn-cn-p \m\m {]Im-c--fn-ep-ap qehpw kqva-hp-amb cq]sf kzoI-cn-p-p. kzw Im-\p-kr-X-ambn `n-`n--tbm\n-I-fn Pw kzoI-cn-p-p. Fm C{]-Imcw P-saSp-p--Xn CXv kzX-{-m-cm-bn-cn-pn. AXn-\m k-e]hpw I-fpw A\p- k-cnv AXmXp tbm\nIfn v CXns\ _n- n- p- Xp amscm BIp- p. Atlw ap]d ]c-ta-iz-c-\m-Ip-p, XXz-m-\n-I Zin-p-Xpw At-l-s- -s-bm-Wv. Ah Cu cl-ky-sf hfsc \mbn {Kln-n-cn-p-p. ChnsS I--fpsS kwkvmc-\maw {Inbm-KpWw Fm-Ip-p. Fm XXz--fp-tSbpw kap-Zmb cq]-am-Ip icocs ImWp-I, {ihn-pI apXemb in-I-fpsS \maw B-KpWw Fm-Ip-p. ChbpsS kw_-- m Pohm-m-hn hp- `-hn-p Al, aa-X, Bkn apX-em-b-h-bpsS \maw kzKpWw Fpam-Ip-p. kw_w A\m-Zn-Im-ew-ap-X \ne-\n-p-h-cp Cu P\\-a-c-W-cq-]-am-Ip _-n\npw tamN\w {]m]n-p-Xn-\p D]mbw FmWv? CXns\ hnh-cn-p-p.

kw_w C\n D]-kw-lm-c-ambn apI-fn ]d-n-p Imcy- sf Hp-IqSn hy-am-n- smp ]c- am {]m]vXnp D]m-bs hnh-cn-p-p.

14. `mh-{Km-lya\oUmJyw `mhm-`m-h-Icw inhw. Iem-k-Icw tZhw tb hnZpkvtX Plp-k vX -\ pw.


B ]c-{_ ]c-ta-iz-c B{i-bc-ln-X AXm-bXv ico-cc-ln-X BIp-p. AXp-t]mse PK-ns Dnbpw kwlm- chpw \S-p--h\pw ]Xn-\mdp Ie-I- tfbpw krjvSn-- h- \p-am-Ip- p. C- s\-sbm- s-bm-sW- nepw IeymW-kz-cq-]\pw B\-a-b-\p-amb B ]c-ta-iz-cs\ {i, `n, t{]a-`mhw Ch-bm {Kln-p-hm Ign-bp-p. bmsXmcp a\p-jy ]c-a-tZ-h-\mb B ]c-ta-iz-cs\ Adnbp- pthm Ah ico-c-tm-Sp Xs _s Fstbvp-ambn Dt]- n- p-p. AXm-bXv Cu kwkmc-N- {I-n\npw Fs-t-bp- ambn tamNn--s-Sp-p. v Cu clkyw a\-n-emn a\p-jy Ign-bp-Xpw thKn ]ca klr-Z-b\pw ]c-a-Z-bm-ephpw ]c-a-t{]-anbpw k-i-n-am\pw km-[m-c\pw kt-iz-c-\p-amb B ]cam-m-hns\ Adn-bp-n-X\pw {]m]n-p--Xn\pw hy{K-cmbn {i-tbmSpw `n-`m-h-tmSpw At-lns Bcm-[-\bn hym]r-X-cm-bn-cn--Ww.

jjvTm- ymbw
1. kz`m-h-tatI Ihtbm hZn Imew XYmt\y ]cn-ap-ly-am\mx tZh-sskyj alnam Xp temtI tbt\Zw {`maytX {_-N-{Iw.
Cu PK-ns ImcWw kzm`m-hn-I-am-bXm-sWv F{Xtbm Bfp-I ]d-n-cn-p-p. ]Zm--fn bmsXmcp kzm`m-hn-Iamb in-bp-m-bn-cn-p-p. Anbn Cu PK-ns Imc-W-am-Ip-p. ap-Nn-e ]d-bp-Xv Ime-amWv Cu PK-nsd Imc-W-am- Ip- -sX-m-Wv. FpsIm-s- m Hmtcmtcm Ime--fnepw hkvXp-K-X-amb

13. A\m-Zy-\w Ien-eky-at[y hnizky {kjv Sm-c-a-t\-I-c q]w hniz-sskyIw ]cn-th-jvS n-Xmcw mXzm tZhw apNytX k-]m-ssi.
]q-a-{- n bmsXm- cp-s\ Pohm-m- hns \m\mtbm-\n-I-tfmSpw kw_-- s-Sp-p--h-\mbn ]d-n-cn-ppthm bmsXm-cp- A-cym-an-cq-]-n a\p-jy-cpsS lrZ-bcq-]am-Ip Kpl-bn nXn-sN-p-Ibpw AXpt]mse \ncm-Im- c-cq-]-tm-Sp-IqSnb temIw apgp-h hym]n-

162

I in {]I-S-am-bn-sm-n-cn-p-p. Fm sshm-\nI {`a--fn AI-s-n-cn-pp. AXn-\m Chv Cu PK-ns hmkvX-hn-I-amb ImcWw Adn-bp-hm Ign-bpn-. hmkvX-h-n CXv ]c-a-tZ-h\pw k-i-n-am-\pamb ]c-ta-iz-cs aln-a-X- s-bm-Ip-p. PK-ns hnNn{X-amb cN\ Ipw Nnnpw Ign-m At-l-ns alXzw {]I-S-am-Ipw. Atlw Imepw kz`m-hmZnIfmb Fm Imc-W-pw A[n-]-Xn-bm-Wv. Atlw hgnbmbn Cu kwkm-c-N{Iw Id--s-Sp-Ibpw sNp-p. Cu clkyw a\-n-emn Cu N{I-n\npw tamN\w t\Sp--Xn-\p-thn At-ls icWw {]m]n--Ww.

hmbp, BImiw Cu Fp {]Ir-Xn-t`-Z- Ch-sb-mn\pw ]pdta Al-, aa-X, Bkn apX-embn B kw_-n-I-fmb kqva KpW--tfm-Sp-IqSn Pohm-mhns\ _-s-Sp-n-bnv Cu PK-ns\ krjvSnp Fp a\-n-em--Ww. Cu cp h-\-I-fp-sSbpw Xmcyw Hp-X- s- bm-Ip-p.

kw_w Cu cl-ky-sf a\-n-em-n-bnv km[-I Fp-sN-Ww Fp ]d-bp-p.

bmsXmcp I-tbmKn kXzw, cP- ,v Xav Fo KpW-fm hy]vX-amb Xs hw, B{i-aw, ]cn-X-nXn Ch-b-\p- Iq-e-ambn I-hy-I-sf Bcw-`n-nv Ahv bmsXmcp PKnb-mhpw PK-Zm-[m-chpw Bb ]c-tatbbpw Xs Fm-hn-[-n- ep- ap Al- , aa-X, Bkn iz-c-\m ]q-amb Cu PKv Ftmgpw Fm AhapX-emb `mh--tfbpw B ]c-{_ ]c-ta-iz-c-\nt# -I-fnepw hym]-X-am-bn-c-p-pthm bmsXm-cp- Imekan-mepw B ka-W-m B I--tfm-Sp-Iqn-sbpw alm-Im-e-\m-bn-cn-p-pthm AXm-bXv bmsXmSn-bp km[-Is kw_w Ah-ti-jn-p-n-m--Xpcp- m\-kz-c q-] \pw Nn- -b \pw ]c-a m- mhpw Im-cWw Ah Ah\p ^ew \Ip-n-. C{]-Imcw Ahkplrpw kakvX Znhy-Kp-W--fm \nXy-k-\pw bpsS A`mhw Dm-Ip--Xn\p ap]mbn sN-s-n-p Bbn-cn-p-p-hthm Fm KpW-fpw bmsXm-cp-s kn-X- -fmb I-kw-km-c- -fpsS Dq-e-\miw kw`v kzcq-]-`q-Xhpw m\-hp-am-bn-cn-p-pthm bmsXm-cp-X- X hn-p-p. C{]-Imcw I--fpsS \miw kw`-hn-p--XpkakvX {_m-WU-tbpw \m-b-dn-n-cn-p-pthm v Im-cWw Ah AXn-thKw ]c-am-m-hns\ {]m]n-p-p. At-l-ms \S--s-Sp Cu PKNv N{Iw \nbFp-sIm-s- m hmkvX-h-n Cu Pohm-mhv PUa-]q-Iam-bn- s Nen-p-sIm-n-cn-p-p. Atlw X-Xz-k-ap-Zm-b--fn \npw k-Ym-`n-hpw AXp-t]mse ]rYzn, Pew, tXP-v, hmbp, BImiw Fo ]-a-lm-`qAkm-[m-c-W-hp-a-Ip-p. Ah-tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bp CXns X-- fp- sS-ta `cWw \S-n-smv Chsb Xmm-- fpsS _w Al-, aa-X, apX-em-bh aqe-ap-m-bn-p--Xm-W.v Imcy- {]hn- p--Xn\p in-{]-Zm\w sNbvXp kzm`m-hn-I-am-bn-p- -X-. {]hn-n-p-sIm-n-cn-p-p. At-l-ns in-tbmSp-Iq-Sn-bmsX Chbvv Hpw sNp-hm km[n-p-n- kw_w I-tbm-Ks hn-nv C\n D]m-k-\m-cq. Cu clkyw a\-n-em-n-bnv a\p-jy k-i-n-am- ]-amb cm-as km[-\sb hn-p-p. \mb B ]c- ta-iz- cs\ D]-cyp--amb `mh-tm-Sp- IqSn Nnn5. BZnx k kwtbm-K-\n-an--tlXpx - Ww.

2. tb\m-hrXw \nXy-anZw ln khw x Ime-Imtem KpWo-k-hnZyx tXt\-inXw I hnhtX l ]rYz]vtX tPm\neJm\n Nnyw.

4. Bc`y ImWn KpWm-\zn-Xm\n `mhmw km hn\n-tbm-P-tbZv bx tXjm-a-`mth IrX-I-\mix I-tb bmXn kX-XztXm\yx.

kakvX PK-n-sbpw BZn-Im-c-W\pw k-i-nam-\p-amb B ]c- ta- iz- c {XnImepw kYm AXo]c-ta- iz-cXs Xs in`qX- amb aqe- {]-Ir- Xn-bm X-\m-Ip-p. At-l-n Ime-n-t-Xmb bmsXmcp t`Z]-qe alm-`q-Xn-I-fpsS cN-\m-Iw \n-ln-nv fpw C. `qX-Im-ehpw `mhn-Im-ehpw At-l-ns Ahsb \nco- np ]noSp PU-X -X z- -tfm- S p-I qSn ZrjvSn-bn h-am- \-Imew Xs- bm-Ip-p. Atlw ]XntNX\mX-Xzs kwbp--am-n-bnv \m\m-cq-]-fn \mdp Ie-I-fn\npw cln-X -\m-b npw temI-tmSp A\p-`-h-tbm-Ky-amb hnNn{X {]]s krjvSnp. AXm- kYm kw_-- c-ln-X-\m-bn-cp-npw {]Ir-Xn-tbm-Sp-IqSn bXv Ahn-Zy. ]pWyhpw ]m]hpw IqSnb knX-I Pohs\ kwtbm-Pn-n-p Imc-W-n-sbpw Imc-W-\mkwkvm-cw, kXzw cPv Xav Fo aqp KpW-. Ip- p. Cmcyw Cu cl-kys Adn-n-cn-p Imew, a\-v, _pn, Almcw, ]rYzn, Pew, tXPv, m\nIfmb alm-m-hgn ImW-s-Sp-p. B ]c-ta-

3. XXvI IrXzm hn\n-hy `qb kvXzky Xtz\ ktaXy tbmKw FtI\ Zzm`ymw {Xn`n-cjvS-`nhm Imte\ ssNhm--Kp-ssW kqvssax.

]c-kv{Xo-Imem ZItem]n ZrjvSx Xw hniz-cq]w `h-`q-X-aoUyw tZhw kzNn--kY ap]mky ]qw.

163

I iz-c Xs GI-am-{X-kvXp-Xnv tbmKy-\m-Ip-p. Atls At\z-jnp ap Zqscsbpw t]mtI-. Bh-iyan-. Atlw \psS lrZ-bns nXn-sN-pp. Cmcyw ZrV-ambn hniz-kn-nv Fm {]Im-c--fn-epap cq]w [cn-p--h-h\pw PK-ns cq]-n {]I-Sam-bn-p--h\pw km[mc\pw k-i-n-am\pw ]c-a-tZh\pw Bb ]c-ta-iz-cs D]m-k\ \Sn At-ls {]m]n- -Ww. kw_w C\n m\-tbm-K-cq- ]-amb aqm-as km[\sb hnh-cn- p-p.

mt{ijvT-\mbn amcpw C. Atlw Xs Cu PKns k-t{i-jT- amb Imc-W-\m- Ip-p. Atlw kv cq-] -tm-S p-I q-S n-b -h -\m-bn-cp- npw Fm- n\npw kYm thdn-p-\np-p.

8. \ Xky Imcyw IcWw N hnZytX \ Xam`y[nI Zriy-tX. ]cmky inhn-hn-ss[h {ipbtX kzm`m-hn-Io-m-\-_-e-{Inbm N.
Pohn-I-sf-tmse B ]c-{_ ]c-am-m-hn\v Imcy-Imc-W- ico-chpw C{nbfpw C AXm-bXv Atl-n tZl-ntdbpw C{n-b-fp-tSbpw t`Z- C. Atlw C{n-b- IqSm-sX-Xs Fm C{n-b-fnepw {]h\w \S-p-p. At-l-t-m hen-b-h\mbpw kam-\-\mbpw amcpw ImW-s-Sp-n-. hmkvX-hn At-l-n\npw `n- ambn bmsXmpw Xsbn-. B ]c-ta-iz-cs m\w, _ew, {Inbm-cq-]-kz-cq-]`q-X-amb Znhyin Ch \m\m-{]-Im-c--fn tI-s-Spp.

6. k hr-Im-em-Ir-Xn`nx ]tcmt\ym bkvamXv {]]x ]cn-htXbw [mhlw ]m]-\pZw `tKiw mXzm---a-arXw hniz-[m-aw.
bmsXm-cp-s ANny in-bpsS {]`m-h-m Cu {]]cq-]-am-Ip kwkmcw \nc- cw Id-n-sm-ncn-p-pthm B ]c-am-mhv Cu kwkm-c-am-Ip hrw, Imew, BIrXn Ch-bsmw AXo-X\pw `n\pw BIpv p. AXm-bXv Atlw {]]-- tmSp kYm kw_-c-ln-X\pw Ime-t-tmepw {Kkn-p--h\pw AXp-t]mse BIm-c -c-ln-X\pw BIp-p. Fn- cp-mepw Atlw [s hfp--h\pw ]m]s \in-n-p--h\pw Fm sFiz-cy--fp-tSbpw A[n-]Xnbpw ka-kX-P-K-nv tbpw B[m-c- hp-am-Ip-p. Cu kq-amb hnizw Atl-s- s B{i- bn-n-cn- p-p. At-l-nsd kbm Xs Dd-p-\n-evp-p. B-cym-an-bmbn Atlw \psS lrZbfnepw Dv. C{]-Imcw At-ls Adn nv m\- t bm- K n- I A ar- X - k z- c q- ] - \ mb B ]ctaizcs\ {]m]n-p-p.

9. \ Xky InXv ]Xn-ckvXn temtI \ tNinXm ss\h N Xky enMvKw kIm-cWw Ic-Wm-[n]m[nt]m \ Nmky In--\nXm \ Nm[n-]x.

PK-n ]c-am-m-hns kzman-bm-bnv Bcpw C. Fmw At-l-ns Zmk-mcpw tkh-I- mcpw BIp- p. At-l-ns A[n-Im-cn-bmbpw At-l-ns ta `cWw \S-p--h-\mbpw Bcp-an-. Fmw At-lns Bbpw t{]c-Wbpw A\p-k-cn-p-sImv Atl- ns \nb-{-W- n Ign-b p-p. At-l- n\v kw_w BZys Aym- b-X-n bmsXm- cp--cpsS bmsXmcp Nn-hn-ti-j-fpw C; Fp-sIm-s-m h\w hn- cp-pthm Ah [ym\w hgn-bmbn ]c-am-m- Atlw k{X ]cn-]q-\m-Ip-p. \ncm-Im-c\pw AXphns\ {]Xy-- am-nb alm-m- Fp ]d-b-s-Sp-p. t]mse ]c-a-Im-c-W-\pw, Imc-W--fpsS Imc-W-hpw, Fm Ax-I-c-W--fp-tSbpw C{n-b--fp-tSbpw A[n-jTm-\-tZv 7. Xao-iz-cmWmw ]caw atl-izcw h-X-bp-sSbpw A[n-]-Xnbpw `c-Wm-[n-Im-cnbpw BIp-p. Cu ]c-{_ ]c-ta-iz-c\v bmsXmcp P\-I-\p-an-. Ctlw Xw tZh-Xm\mw ]caw N ssZh-Xw. AP-mhpw k\mX\pw BIp-p. ]Xnw ]Xn\mw ]caw ]c-kvXmZv

hnZma tZhw `pht\iao-Uyw.


B ]c-{_ ]pcptjm-a Fm Cuizc- m-cp-sSbpw temI-]m-e-I-m-cp-sSbpw alm-\mb `c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-bm-Ip-p. AXm- bXv Ah- scmw At-l-n- - [o- \- cm-bnv {]]-s `cn-p-sIm-n-cn-p- p. Atlw Fm tZh- X-I-fp- tSbpw ]cam-cm-[y-\mIpp. Fm ]Xn-Ifp-tSbpw c- Im-cp-sSbpw ]c-a-]Xnbpw AXp-t]mse Fm {_m-WvU--fp-tSbpw kzmanbpw BIp-p. kvXpXn--s-Sp- hm tbmKy\pw {]Imi-kz-cq-]\pw ]c-a-tZ-h-\p-amb B ]c-am-m-hns\ \sfmw Fm-n-ep-ap-]-cn-bmbn Adn-bp-p. At-l-t-

10. bkvXp-\m` Ch Xp`nx {][m-\ssPx kz`mh tXm tZh GIx kzmam-hr-tWm-Xv. kt\m Z[m-Zv{_-m-]y-bw.
F{]-Imcw Nnen Xm {]I-S-am--s Xp-Pm-e- fm kzbw BOm-Zn-X-am-bn-cn- p- p-hthm AtX- {]- Imcw GI-tZ-h\mb ]c-a-]p-cp-j-]-c-ta-iz-c Xs kzcq-]-`q-X-amb, apJyhpw Znhyhpw Bb, ANn-y-i-n-bm Dev]-amb A\---fmb Imcy--fnqSn kzm`m-hn-I-am-bns kzbw BOm-Zn-X -am-n-sh-p-sIm-n-cn-p-p. Xm- c- W- m temI-Po- hn-Iv At- l- s Zin- p-

164

I hm km[n-p-n-. k-i-n-am\pw km-[m-c-amb B


]c-am-mhv \t-sbmw AJn- en-tbpw ]c-am-{i-b-`qX-amb Xs ]c-{_--kz-cq-]n {]Xn-jvTn--s. -

11. GtIm tZhx k-`q-tXjp KqVx k-h ym]o kh-`q-Xm--c m- m. Im-[ yx kh-`q-Xm-[ n-hmkx kmo tNXm tIhtem \nKp-W-.
GI-\mb B ]c-a-tZh ]c-ta-iz-c Pohn-I-fpsS lrZb-cq-]-am-Ip Kpl-I-fn Hfn- p-hkn-p-p. Atlw k-hym-]nbpw Fm PohnIfptSbpw A-cym-an-bmb ]cam-mhpw BIp-p. Atlw Xs Fm I--fptSbpw A[n-jTm-Xmhpw Ahbvv Im-\p-kr-X--fmb v ^e-sf \Ip--h\pw kakvX Pohn-I-fpsS \nhm-km-\hpw B{i-bhpw BIp-p. AXp-t]mse Atlw Xs Fm-n- sbpw kmnbpw ip`m-ip-`-I-sf Ip-sIm-n-cn-p--h\pw ]c-a-tN-X-\m-kz-cq-]\pw AJne-n\pw ssNX-\ys {]Zm\w sNp--h\pw kYm hnip-\pw AXm-bXv \nw-K\pw {]mIr-Xn-I-K-W-U-Xo-X-\p-am-Ip-p.

Cu hnNn-{X-amb PK-ns\ krjvSn-nv Fm Poh-k-apZmbpw thn Ah- bpsS Im- \p-kr- X- - fmb ^et`m- K- hy- h-- I \S- n- sm- n- cn- p- pthm At- ls {]m]n- p- - Xn\v cp km[- \-I Dv Hv m\- tbmKw; cv I-tbm-Kw. `n cnepw A\p-kyq-X-am-Ip-p. Cm-c-W-m Ahsb {]tXyIw {]tXyIw hn-phm km[y-a-. B m\-tbm-Khpw I-tbm-Khpw hgnbmbn {]m]n--s-Sp-hm tbmKy-\mb AJn-e-Im-c-W-kz-cq]-\mb ]c-a-tZh ]c-ta-iz-cs\ Adn-nv a\p-jy Fm _- \ --f n\npw kYm ap-c m-bn- o-c p- p. bmsXm-cp- At-ls Adn-bp-pthm {]m]n-ppthm Ah Hcn-epw bmsXmcp Imc-W-h-imepw P\-\a-c-W_--\--fn ]Xn-p-n-. AXn-\m a\p-jyv k-i-n-am\pw km-[m-c-hp-amb B ]c-am-m-hns\ {]m]n-p--Xn\v X-fpsS tbmKy-Xbpw cpNnbpw A\p-kcnv m\-tbm-Ktam I-tbm-Ktam GsX-nepw Hcp km[-\-bn Xmev]-cy-]qw hym]r-X- cm-bn-cn--Ww.

12. GtIm hio \njv{In-bmWmw _lp \m taIw _oPw _lp[m b Itcm-Xn. Xam-w tb\p]-iyn [ocm kvtXjmw kJw imizXw t\X-tc-jmw.
bmsXmv hnip--tN-X-\m-kz-cq-]-amb ]a-tc-iz-cs Awiw Bb-Xp-Im-cWw hmkvX-h-n \njv{In-b-am-cn-bnp-pthm A- s\-bp A\- - - fmb Pohm-m- - fpsS bmsXm-cp- \nb-mhpw I-^-e-sf \Ip--h-\pam-bn-cn-p-pthm bmsXm-cp- GI-{]-Ir-Xn-cq-]-a mb _oPs At\Iw {]Im-c--fn krjvSn-nv Cu hnNn{X-P-K-ns cq]-n Bn- opthm lrZ-bnX-\mb B ]c-a-i-n-am-\mb ]c-ta-iz-c\ bmsXmcp [oc-]pcp-j \nc-cw Zin-p-sIm-n-cn-p-pthm \nc-cw At- l- n X- b- ambn hkn- p-pthm Ahv Fpw \ne-\np ]c-am-\w {]m]vX-am- Ip-p. ap--hv AXm-bXv bmsXm-cp- C{]-Imcw At-ls \nc-cw Nnn-m-Xn-cn-p-pthm Ahv B ]c-am-\w e`y-amIp-n. Ah AXn\npw hn-X-cmbn hkn-p-p.

14. \ X{X kqtcym `mXn \ N{-Xm-cIw t\am-hn-ZyptXm `mn ItXmba-nx. Xtah `m-a-\p-`mXn khw Xky-`mkm kh-anZw hn`m-Xn.
]c-am-\ kzcq-]-\-\mb B ]c-ta-iz-cs kao-]w Cu kqcy\v Xs {]Imiw ]c-p-hm Ign-bp-n-. kqtcymZ-b-n anm-an-\p-ns {]Imiw e]vX- am-bn-tm-Ip-Xp- t]mse kqcys tXPpw AhnsS ep]vX-am-bn- cn-p- p. N{, \-{X-, CSn-an- Chbvpw AhnsS ChbpsS {]Imiw {]k-cn-n-p-hm Ign-bp-n-. ]ns Cu temI-nse An-bpsS Imcyw Fn\p ]d-bpp? FpsIm-s-m Cu temI- {]Im-in-p Fm-X-Xzfpw ]ca {]Im-i-kz-cq-]-\mb ]c-{_ ]c-am-m-hns {]Im-i-i- n-bpsS GtXm Aev]mw-is {]m]n- np {]Imin-p-sIm-n-cn-p-p. ]ns Ahbvv X-fpsS {]Im-iIs kao]w Fs\ {]Im-in-p-hm Ignbpw? AXn\m Cu kq-amb PKv PK-Zm-m-hmb B ]pcptjm--as {]Im-i- n\npw {]Im-in- p-sIm- n-cnpp Fp-Xs a\-n-em--Ww.

Cu temI-n {]Im-i-kz-cq-]-\mb ]c-{_--]-c-ta-izc k{X ]cn-]q-\m-bn-cn-p-p. Atlw Pe-n nXn-sN-p-p. An-bm-bn-cn-p-p. ioXf kz`m-h-tm\nXy-tN-X-\-tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bXpw k-i-n-am\pw kmSp- Iq-Snb Pe-n DjvW-kz-`m-h-tm-Sp-Iq- Snb An-bpsS [m-c-hp-amb ]c-am-mhv X\n-tb-Xs hf-sc-b-[nIw \nXy`mhw km[m-cW ZrjvSnp a\-n-em-p-hm Ign-bp-ntN-X-\-tbm-Sp-Iq-Snb Pohm-m--fpsS I ^em-\p-`-h-. Fp-sIm-s-m cn-sbpw kz`m-h ]cfpsS hn[m\w \S- n-sm-n-cn-p-pthm bmsXm-cp-

13. \ntXym \nXym\mw tNX-\-t-X-\m-\m tatIm _lp\mw tbm hnZ-[mXn Imam XXv ImcWw kmwJy-tbm-Km[n Kayw mXzm tZhw apNytX kh-]m-ssix.

15. GtIm lwtkm `ph-\-kymky at[y k Ghmnx kente kw\n-hnjvSx Xtah hnZn-XzmXn arXyp-taXn \m\yx ]m hnZytXb\m-b.

165

I kv]cw hn`n---fm-Wv. Fn-cp-mepw AXns clkys {Kln-n-p sshm-\n-I-mv CXv {]Xy-ambn ImW-s-Sp-p. C{]-Imcw ]c-am-mhv Cu PU PKn\npw kzm`m-hn-I-ambpw Akm-[ m-c-W-am-Ip- p. Fp-sIm-s-m Atlw ssNX-\y-hm\pw m\-kzcq-]\pw k-\pw BIp-p. AXp-t]mse Cu PKv PU-hp-am-Ip-p. C{]-Imcw PK-n\p hncp--ambn ImWs-Sp-Xp ImcWw km[m-cW ZrjvSnv Atlw CXn {]Imcw hym]vX- \m-bn-cn-pp Fp Imcyw a\-n-emIp-n-. Fm bmsXm- cp- B ]c-{_--ns ANnyhpw Ap-X-Ic-hp-amb in- bpsS cl-kys Adnbp- pthm Ah\v CXv {]Xy- - ambn k{X ]cn-]qhpw Fm-n-tbpw GI-am-{X-hp-amb Imc-Whpw F {]XoXn-bp-f-hm-p-p. k-i-n-am\pw km-[m-c-hp-amb B ]c-am-m-hns\ Adn-p-Xs a\p-jy Cu arXyp-cq-]-amIp kwkm-c-k-ap-{Z-ns A-c-IS-I-p-p Fst-b v p-ambn P\-\ -a-c -W --f n\npw ]q-a mbn tamN\w t\Sp-p. At-l-ns Znhy-[m-a-{]m-]vXn-pthn ap bmsXmcp am--fp-an-. AXn-\m \apv B ]c-am-m-hns Pnm-kp-fm-bnv At-ls Adn-bp-Xn-\p {]h-\--fn hym]r-X-cm-I-Ww.

fp-sS) kzman-bm-Ip-p. AXp-t]mse Imcy-Im-cW cq]-fn nX-am-bn-cn-p kXz-c- P-kvXtam KpW--fpsS \nb{-Whpw bYm-tbmKyw \S-p-p. Atlw Xs Cu P-ar-Xyp-cq-]-am-Ip kwkm-c-N{I-n Pohn-Isf AhbpsS Im-\p-kr-X-ambn _n-n-Spp; Ahsb kwcn- p-Ibpw Cu _-\-n\npw Ahsb ap-cmp- Ibpw sNp-p. At-l-ns Ir]-tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn- s Pohn-I apn-p km[-\-I-fn apgp-In-bnv km[-\bpsS ]cn-]m-I-am-Ip--tXm-Sp-IqSn ap-cm-Ip-p.

17. k Xtbm lyarX Cui-kwtm x ktKm `ph-\-kymky tKm]vXm. b Cuti Aky PKtXm \nXy-tah \mt\ym tlXphn-ZyX Cui-\m-b.

]c-{_ ]c-ta-i z-c Cu PK- ns cq]-n nX\pw Aar-X-kz-cq-]\pw GI-c-k-tm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-h-\p-amIp-p. Cu PK-ns D-n-hn-\m-k-Ikz-cq-]--fmIp ]cn-h -\ - -tfm-S p-I qSn At-l - ns ]cnh\w kw`- hn-p-n-. Atlw Fm Cuiz- c-m-cnepw Fm temItfbpw ]cn-]m-en-p--Xn\v \nbp--cm-nbn-p temI-]m-e-I-m-cn-epw, A-cym-an-cq-]-n nXnkw_w bmsXm-cp-s\ Adn-bp--Xp-sImv P\-\-a- sN-p-p. k-\pw k{X ]cn-]q-\p-amb B ]cc-W--fn\npw H-gn-hm-Ipp F Imcyw ]d-n-cn-p- ta-iz-c Xs Cu alm {_m-WvUs kwc-n-pp, B ]c-ta-iz-c F-s\-bp--Xm-Ipp? Cm-cy- p. Atlw Xs Cu ]q-P-K-ns\ Ftmgpw bYmn At-l-ns kzcq]w hn--s-Sp-p. tbmKyw \nb-{n-p-sImp \bnpp. ap bmsXm-nt\bpw Cu PK-n-s-ta `cWw \S-p--Xn\v D]-bp16. k hniz-IrZv hniz-hn-Zm--tbm-\n -tl-Xp-hmbn {]Xo-X-a m-Ip-n-. Fp-sIm-s- m x Ime Imtem KpWo k-hnZv bx. ampw-Xs Fm-ns taepw `cWw \S-p-hm {][m\ t{X--]-XnKp-tWix Ignbp-n- .

kwkm-c-tam-- nXn _-tl-Xpx.


bmsXm-c p- s {]I-cWw XpSp-s Im- n-c n-ppthm m\ kzcq-]-\mb B ]c-{_ ]pcp-tjm--a AJn-e-P-K-n-sbpw cN-bn-Xmhpw k-\pw Xss {]I-S-am-p--Xn kzbw tlXp-hp-am-Ip-p. Atls {]Xy--am-p ap bmsXmcp Imc-W-hp-an-. Atlw Ime-sbpw alm-Im-e-\ m-Ip-p. Ime-n-\pt]mepw At-l- nhsc Fp-hm Ign-b p- n- . Atlw Imem-Xo-X-\m-Wv. k-i-n-am-\mb B ]c-ta-izc kulmw, t{]aw, Zb apX-emb Fm awK-f-a-b-fmb Znhy-Kp- W--fm k--\m-Ip- p. temI- n F{Xam{Xw ip`-Kp-W- Ip-hcp-pthm Ah-sbmw B Znhy-Kp-W--fpsS GsXnepw Aev]mw-i- ns Hcp Xnfw am{X- am-Ip-p. Atlw Fm Pohn-I-tfbpw AhbpsS I-- tfbpw A\-- amb {_m-WvU-n-\p-n aqp-Im-e -fnepw kw`-hn-p-s Im-n-cn- p Ghpw sNdn-bXpw Ghpw hen-bXp-amb kw`-h-sf \-Xpt]mse Adn-p-sIm- n-cn-p-p. Atlw {]Ir-Xn-bptSbpw Poh-k-ap-Zm-b-n-tbpw (Xs ]cm-]-c-{]-Ir-Xn-I-

kw_w D]-cyp--amb ]c-ta-iz-cs\ Adn-bp--Xn\pw {]m]n-p--Xn\pw km[-Is cq]-n At-l-ss icWw {]m]n-t {]Im-cs ]d-bp-p.

18. tbm {_mWw hnZ[mXn ]qw tbm ssh th Zmw {]ln-tWmXn Xkvssa Xw l tZh-am--_p-n-{]-Imiw aap-pssh ic-W-alw {]]-tZy.
B ]c-ta-iz-cs\ {]m]n-p--Xn-\p km-`u-ahpw kpK-a-hp-amb D]mbw k-`m-h--tfm-Spw-IqSn \n`-c-ambn At-l-ns Xs ic-W-n Fn- t-cpIp Fp - X m- W v . A Xn- \ m km[ - I \v a\- p- h - g n- b mbn Xmsgdbp `mhs Nnn- p-sImv ]c-am-m-hns icW-n sNp-tN-c-Ww. bmsXmcp ]c-ta-iz-cXs Ghpw BZy-ambn Xs \m`n-I-a-e-n\npw {_mhns\ D-hn-n-pthm D-hn-n-- Xn-\p-tijw At- l-n\v Fm thZ--fp-tSbpw m\w {]mZ\w sNbvXp-thm, AXpt]mse bmsXm-cp- Xs kzcq-]- ns m\w {Klnn-p--Xn-\p-thn Xs `-m-cpsS lrZ-bfn

166

I XZ\pcq-]-amb hnip _pn {]I-S-am-p-pthm B k-

tizXm-iz-X-c-a-ljn kzX-]ns {]`m-h-m kai-n-am\pw {]kn--tZ-h-\p-amb ]c-{_ ]pcp-tjm--a- kvX-hn-j-bkpJ--tfbpw ]cn-Xy- Pnv kwb-a-tm-Sp-Iq- Snb \n Rm tamm-`n-em,-m bp-\mbn icWw {]m]n- PohnXw \bnv \nc-cw ]c-am Nn-bn ebnv B p-p. Atlw Xs Cu kwkm-c-N-{I-n\npw ]c-a-tZ-h-\mb ]c-ta-iz-cs Assl-Xp-In-bmb Zb-bm Fs tamNn-n--s. At-ls Adn-n-cp-p. ]noSv Ejn-am-cm tkhn-X\mbn Ah-cpsS ]c-a-e-y-amb Cu ]c-a-]-hn-{X-amb {_19. \njvIew \njv{Inbw imw \nc-hZyw X-Xzm-{i-a-ns Al-m-c-n\pw kYm AXo-X-\mbn \nc-Rv P \w tZlm-`n-am-\-iq-\y-cmb A[n-Im-cn-Isf \-Xp-t]mse D]-tZAar-Xky ]cw tkXpw PKvt[--\-an-hm-\-ew. in-p-sIm-n-cp-p. CXn\npw tZlm-`n-am\iq\y-\mb \nKp-Whpw \ncm-Im-c-hp-amb ]c-am-m-hns\ D]m-k\ km[-IXs {_-X- Xz-ns D]-tZiw {ihn-p--Xn\S-p km[-I\v C{]-Im-c-ap `mh-\- -fp-m-bn-cn--Ww. \p bYmm-h-Im-in-sbv Cu a{- n sXfn-bn-AXm-b Xv ]Xn\mdp Ie-I-tfm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bh \pw kwkm-c- s- n-cn-p- p. ns _--fm cln-X\pw XnIpw {Inbm-iq-\y\pw 22. thZmt ]caw Kplyw ]pc-Ievt] ]c-a-im-\pw kIe tZmjfm cln-X-\p-am-bn-cn--Ww. {]tNm-Zn-X w. bmsXmv Aar-X-kz-cq-]-amb tam-ns tkXp-hm-bn\m{]-im-mb ZmXhyw \m]p-{Xmcn-p-pthm AXm-bXv bmsXm-ns\ B{i-bn-n-p-a-\pbm-in-jymb hm]p\x jyv AXyw kpK-a-Xm-]qw Cu kwkmc kap-{Zns Ac IS-p--Xn\p km[n-p-pthm bmsXmcp Cu ]ca cl-ky-amb m\s ]q-Ie]-nepw - v XSn-b sS ]mn-h -a mb Awiw Ingn-Xns thZ-ns Ana `mK--fmb D]-\n-j-pfnepw \tijw Pzen- p-sIm-n-c n- pp I\-e p-I p-X peyw Xp- t]mse hn-n- p-m-bn-cp-p. Cu m\-nsd ]ckYm \nhn-Im-c\pw \n-e\pw {]Im-i-kz-cq-]\pw c Iev]-Iev]m--c-ambn XpSp-hcp-p. CXp ]pXnb m\-kz-cq-]\pw ]c-a-ssN- X-\y-tm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-h- \p-amb B Imcy-sam-p-a Fp kmcw. CXns D]-tZiw Bp \nKp-W- \n-cm-Imc ]c-am-m-hns\ XmXzn-I-ambn Adn-bp-ISp- -s-p, Bp sImSp- -s-n-, C- s\-bp kwiXn\v At-l-s- s ey- amn Nnn-p-sIm-n- cn-pb-n\p adp-]Sn ]d-bp-p. ""bmsXm-cp-s Ax-I-cWw p. hnj-bkpJ- fm iq\y-ambn kYm im- am-Im-Xn-cnkw_w Cu kwkm-c_---fn \npw tamN\w p-pthm A-s\-bp a\p-jy\v Cu clkyw D]-tZt\Sp-- Xn\v t\ct ]d-n- p kwK- Xn-I- f-\p-k-cnv ]c- in-p-sIm-Sp-phm ]mSn; AXp-t]mse bmsXm-cp- am-m-hns\ Adn-bp-I-b-msX ap bmsXmcp]mb--fp-an-. Xs ]p{Xt\m AYhm injyt\m Am-Xn-cn-p-p-thm, AXns\ Hp-IqSn Zr-V-s-Sp--p. Ah\pw AXns\ Zm\w sNp-hm ]mSn-.'' kmcw Fsm HpIn im- Nn--\m-bn-p Ah-Im-inp 20. bZm N-h-Zm-Imiw thjvS-bn-jyn \IWw As-n kzw ]p{Xt\m injyt\m \Iam\hmx Ww. FpsImsm ]p{X-m-scbpw injy-m-scbpw XZm tZh-a-hn-mb ZpxJkytm `hn-jy-Xn. Ah-Im-in-I- fm-n-ot-Xp ]nXm--m-cp- sSbpw KpcpF{X-tmfw XpI-en\p Xpeyw Npcp-p-hm a\p-jysc - m-cp-sSbpw tPmen-bm-Ip- p. AXn- \m Ah t\c- tkw_-n- n-S-tmfw BIm-is Akw-`-hy- am-Ip-pthm Xs Ah-Im-in-bm-bn-cn--W-sa \nb-a-sampw C. Fm a\p-jycpw Hn- p-Iq-Sn-bmepw Cmcyw km[y-am-Ip23. bky tZth ]cm `nbYm tZth n- tbm AtX-{]-Imcw Xs ]c-am-m-hns\ Adn-bmsX XYm Kpcu Bpw Cu ZpxJ-k-ap-{Z-ns A-sc-sb-p-hm XsskytX IYnXm lyYmx km[y-a-. AXn-\m a\p-jyp ZpxJ--fn \npw \nXy-ambn tamN\w t\Sp--Xn\pw ]c-am-\-s {]m]n-p{]Im-it alm -Xn\pw thn asm `mK--fn\npw a\-ns\ amn\x. {]Im-it alm--\x. bnv GI-am-{X-\mb At-ls Adn-bp--Xn-\p km[bmsXmcp km[-I\v ]ca tZh-\mb ]c-ta-iz-c-\n ]c-a\Ifn Xo{h-amb Bi-tbm-Sp-IqSn hym]r-X-cm-bn-cn--Ww. amb `n-bp-m-Ip-pthm IqSmsX F{]-Imcw ]c-ta-iz-c21. X]x-{]-`m-hmZv tZh-{]-km-Zm {_ \n k-\m-bn-cn-p-pthm A{]-Imcw Xs Xs Kpcpl tizXm-iz-XtcmY hnZzm hnepw BIp-p. B alm-m-hmb ]pcp-js lrZ-bAXym-{i-an`yx ]caw ]hn{Xw nXs Cu hn- -s -n-p cl-k y-a -b -amb Aw {]Im-in-p-sIm-n-cn-p-p. AXn-\m Pnmt{]mhmN kay-Kr-j n-kw-L -Pq-jvSw.

167

I kp- ]q-{i-m-ep-fpw `mcpw Bbn-cn--Ww.


bmsXm-cp-\p ]q-amb {ibpw `nbpw Dm-bn-cnp-pthm B alm-m-hns lrZ-b-n Cu KqVm-ib- {]Im-in-p-p. {Kns ]cn-kam-]vXnsb kqNn-n-p--Xn-\p-thn Cu a{-nse An-a -hmIys ]p\-cm-hn- n-cn-p-p.

imn-] mTw
Hmw kl \mh-h-Xp. kl \u `p\-p. kl hocyw Ic-hm-h-ssl. tXPkzn \mh-[o-X -a-kvXp. am hnZznjm hssl. Hmw imnx ! imnx !! imnx !!!
CXns Aw Bcw-`-n sImSp-n-p-v.

sFXtctbm-]-\n-jv3 1
imn- ] mTw
Hmw hmMvta a\kn {]Xn-jvTn-Xm. at\m ta hmNn {] X n- j vTn- X - a m- h n- c - h o a. G [ n. thZk y a BWox {ipXw ta am {]lm-kox. At\-\m-[otX- \ m- tlm- c m- {Xm kwZ [man- E Xw hZn-j ym- an. kXyw hZn- j yman Xm- a - h - X p. XZz- m- c - a - h Xp AhXp ama-hXp hm-c-a-hXp hm-cw. Hmw imnx ! imnx !! imnx !!!
EtKz-Zob sFX-tc-bm-c-Wy-I-n cmw Bc-Wy-Ins \mepw Apw Bdpw Aym-b-sf sFX-tc-tbm]-\n-jv F t]cn Adn-bp-p. Cu aq-ym-b--fnembn {_-hn-Zy-bpsS {]m[m-\ys hnh-cn-p-p. CXpsImv CXns\ D]-\n-j-mbn Icp-Xp-p. Cu imn-]m-T- n Fm {]Im-c-n-ep-ap hnLv\sf ]cn-l-cn-p--Xn\v ]c-ta-iz-c-t\mSp {]mn-p-p. "tl kn-Zm-\ kzcq-]-\mb ]c-am-m-th, Fs a\v hmWn-bn nX-ambn \ntW hmWn a\-n nXam-bn-cn--tW. AXm-bXv Fs a\pw hmWnbpw Hmbn {]hn--tW. Rm hmWn-bm Hcp ]mTw ]Tn-pIbpw a\v asm-ns\ Nnn-p-Ibpw sNm-Xn-cn--tW. AYhm a\-n-sempw hmWn-bn asmpw Nnn-pIbpw ]d-bp-Ibpw sNm-Xn- cn--sW. Fs k-e]-fpw v hN-\-fpw hnip--am-bnv GI-`m-h-ap--Xm-bn-o-ctW! tl {]Imi kzcq-]-\mb ]c-ta-iz-cm, Av F\n-p-thn {]Xy--s-m-epw. A-bpsS tbmK-am-b-bpsS ad Fs lrZ-bn\npw amn-bm-epw. (C-{]-Imcw ]c-am-m-hnt\mSp {]mn-nv D]m-k-I Xs a\-n-t\mSpw hmWntbmSpw ]dbp-p) Atbm a\-t, hmWo, \n cpw F\nv thZ-kw-_-- amb m\-{]m-]vXn-bp-m-p--hcm-bn-o-cq. \n-fpsS klm-b-m F\nv thZ-hn-jb-I-amb m\w {]m]n-p-hm Ign-bp-p. Kpcp-ap-J-p\npw tIn-p-Xpw Fs A\p-`-hn hn-p-Xpamb m\w Fs XyPn-m-Xn-cn--tW. AXm-bXv Ah Ftmgpw Fs kvac-W-bn \ne-\n-tW. Rm Ahsb Hcn-epw ad-m-Xn-cn--tW. Fs Ay-b\w hgn cmhpw ]Iepw Hm-n-op-hm Rm\m-{K-ln-pp. AXm-bXv cmhpw ]Iepw XpS-bmbn {_-hnZy ]Tnp--Xn\pw AtX-n Nnn-p--Xn\pw km[n--tW. Fs ka-b-ns Hcw-iw-t]mepw hy-ambn \jvS-sSm-Xn-cn--tW. Rms\s hmp-IsImv kYm Dahpw bmsXm-cp-X-c-n-ep-ap tZmj--fn-m-Xpw kXyw Xpfp-n-\np--Xp-amb Dm-cWw \S-mw. ImWp-Xpw tIp-Xpw a\-n-em-p-Xpw Bb `mh-sf AtXco-Xn-bns {]I-Sn-n-mw. AXn bmsXmcp hyXymkhpw hcp-p-I-bn-. (C-{]-Imcw Xs hmWn-tbbpw a\n-t\bpw ZrV-h-m-n-bnv hopw ]c-am-m-hn-t\mSv {]mn-p- p) B ]c-{_ ]c-am- mhv Fs cn-ttW. B ]c-ta-iz-c {_-hnZy ]Tn-n-p Fs BNmcys\ cn- -tW. Fs Ay-b\ -n bmsXmcp hnLv\fpw Dm-Im-Xn-cn-p--Xn\v Fsbpw Fs BNm-cy-t\bpw B ]c-am-mhv cn--tW. B[n-`u-XnIhpw B[n-ssZ-hn-Ihpw Bym-n-Ihp-amb hnLv\--

168

I fpsS \nhr-n-mbn aqp-{]m-hiyw "imn' ]Zs D-

C{]-Imcw Cu Fm temI--tfbpw krjvSn-nv ]ccn-p-p. `K-hm imn-kz-cq-]-\m-Wv. AXn-\m At-l- ta-iz-c Nnn-p. Xm temI-kr-jSn-sNbvXp Ign-n-cnv ns kvac-W-sImv imn \n-b-ambpw e`n-p-p. p-p. C\n temI-sf kwc-n-p--Xn-\p temI-]me-I- -msc krjvS n-t--Xm-hi y-am-Wv. A\yYm kwcWw IqSmsX Fm temI- pw kpc- n- X-ambn \ne{]Y-am- ymbw \np-hm km[y-a-. C{]-Imcw hnNm-cnv Atlw Pen\npw AXm-bXv Pew apX-emb kqva alm-`q-X{]Y-a-J Wv Uw -fn\npw lnc-Wy-amb ]pcp-j s\ ]pd-s -Spv 1. Hmw Bm hm CZ-taI Ghm{K Bko-Xv. \m\y- AXns\ AwtKm-]mw-K-- fm bp-am-n-bnv {]Xnam cq]XvInw-N\ anj-Xv. k CuX temImp krPm n-em-n-op. ChnsS "]pcpj' ]Z-n\npw CXn. krjvSn-Im-en Ghpw BZyw {]Xy--\mb {_mhns\ hn- n-cn-p-p. Fp-sIm-s -m {_mCu a{-n ]c-am-m-hnt krjvSn cN\m hnj- b-I-amb BZy k-ev]s hn-p-p. ImWp-Ibpw hn\n-p-Xs Fm temI-]m-eIm-cp-tSbpw {]P-Isf tIp-Ibpw {Kln-p-Ibpw sNp PU-tN-\m-a-b-amb hn-n-p {]Pm-]-Xn-I-fp-tSbpw Dhw Dm-bn-cn-pCu PKv Cu cq]-n-em-Ip--Xn\p ap]v Imc-Wm-h- - p. bn GI-am-{X-\mb ]c- am-mhp am{Xta Dm-bn- cp-p- q. 4. Xa-` y-X -] - -k ym-` n-X -] vX ky apJw \nc-` n- ZyX B kabw CXn `n-- fmb \ma-cq-]- - tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb A`n- bYmWvUw apJm-ZzmKv hmtNmn\m-kntI \nchy-n-Isfm-p-an- m-bn-cp-p. B kabw ]c-{_ ]c-am- `n-t ZyXmw \mkn-I m`ymw {]mWx {]mWm- Zzm-b p- c m-hns\ IqSmsX amcpw {]hn-p--h-cm-bn-m-bn-cp- nWo \nc- ` n- t ZyX an`ymw Nppj p. krjvSn-bpsS Bcw-`n B ]c-a-]p-cp-j-\mb ]c- BZnXyx Iu \nc-`n-tZyXmw Im`yw t{im{Xw am-mhp Nnnpw ""Pohn-I-fpsS I-^ew A\p-`-hn-p- t{im{Xm-n-i -kvXzMv \nc-` n-ZyX Xz tNm temam\n - X n - \ p - t h n `n - - f mb t em I - s f Rm tema`y HmjZn h\-kv]-Xtbm lrZbw \nc-`n-ZyX krjvSnpw'' Fv. lrZ-bm-t\m a\-k{am \m`n\n-c`n-ZyX \m`ym -

C{]-Imcw lnc-Wy-K`-]p-cp-js\ krjvSn-nv AXns AwtKm-]mw-K-sf k-ev]-cq-]-amb X]-p-sN-bvXtm Cs\ hnNm-cn-nv ]c-{_ ]c-ta-iz-c Aw`-,v aco- B X]- ns ^e- kz-cq- ]- ambn lnc-Wy- K` ]pcp-js icoNn, ac, Pew Cu temI-sf krjvSn-p. Cu hmp- c-n k-{]-Y-a-ambn AWvUw-t]mse s]mn apJhpw Isf kv]jvS- am-p- - Xn\p apn {ipXn ]d- bpp kz- hmbpw Dm-b n. apJ- n\npw hmKn- { n- b hpw n\pw apI-fn-embn ImW-s-Sp alx, P\x X]x, kXy AXn\npw AXns A[n-jvTm-\-tZ-h-X-bmb Anbpw temI-fpw Ah-bpsS B[m-c-amb Zyptem-Ihpw Cu D-hn-p. ]ns \mkn-I-bpsS cp-Zzm-c- Dm-bn. Ap temI--tfbpw ChnsS Aw`v F t]cn ]d- Ah- bnqSn {]mW-hmbp ]pd-s- p. B {]mW-\n\npw bp-p. AXns Xmsg A-co--temIw nXn-sN-p-p. hmbp-`-K- hm Dm-bn. ChnsS {]mtW- {n-bs {]tXyIw AXn kqcy\pw N{\pw Xmc-K-W-fpw Ch-sbmw hn-p-n; AXn-\m {]mtW-{n-bhpw AXns tZhInc-W--tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb temI-am-Ip-p. CXp acoNn F X-bmb Aizn-\o-Ip-am-c\pw \mkn-I-bn \npw D-hn-p. t]cn hn--s-Sp-p. AXn\pw Xmsg-bmbn ImW-s- C{]-Imcw a\-n-em-Ww CXp-t]m-se-Xs ck-t\-{nSp ]rYzo-tem-Is arXyp-temIw Fp ]d-bpp; AXp b-n-tbpw AXns tZh-X-bp-tSbpw D-n-bp-m-bn. ChnsS "acw' F t]cn hnfn--s-Sp-p. AXn\pw Xmsg ]ns cp Ip-I {]I-S-ambn Ah-bn\np t\t{XAXm-bXv ]rYzn-bpsS ASn-bn-em-bn-p-Xp ]mXm-f-tem-I-- {n-bhpw t\t{X-{n-bn\n-pw, AXnt tZh-X-bmb kqcy\pw D-hn-p. AXn-\p-tijw I--fpsS cp fm-Ip-p. Ah "B]x' F t]cn-\m Adn-b- s-Sp-p. PKn F{Xtbm temI- {Xntem-Iw, NXpZ-i-`p-h\w, Zzmc- -f p- m-b n. Ah-b n\npw t{imt{X-{n-b hpw k]vX-temIw Fo t]cp-I-fn {]kn--am-bn-cn-p-pthm AXn\np AXnsd tZh-X-Ifmb Znp-Ifpw P\n-p. A\-cw Xzv (Nw) Dm-bn. Xzn\npw tcma-B temI-sfsbmw ]c-am-mhp krjvSn-p. fp-m-bn. tcma--fn\nv Hmj[nIfpw h\-k]-Xn-Ifpw v 3. k CutX ta \p temIm temI-] m-e mp Dm-bn. ]ns lrZbw Dm-bn. AXn\npw a\pw krPm CXn tkmZv`y Gh ]pcpjw kap-r-Xym- a\-n\npw AXns A[n-jTm-\-tZ-h-X-bmb N{\pw v aqO-b-Xv. D-hn-p. ]ns \m`n {]I-S-am-bn. \m`n-bn\npw A]m-

2. k Camw-tm-I m-\ -k r-P-X . Awt`m aco-N oa-c amt]mtZmw`x ]tcW Znhw Zyux {]Xn-j vTm- cow aco-Nbx ]rYoho atcm bm A[-kvXmm B]x.

A]mt\m]m\m-rXypx iniv\w \nc-`n-ZyX iniv\mt{ZtXm tcXk B]x.

169

I \-hm-bphpw A]m-\hm-bp-hn\np KptZ-{n-b-ns -

3. Xm`y ]pcp-j -am-\-b m A{_p-h kpIrXw A[n-jvTn-Xm-hmb arXyp-tZ-h-Xbpw D-hn-p. \m`n-bpsS D- _tX-Xn. ]pcptjm hmh kpIr-Xw. Xm A{_-hoh-tm-Sp-IqSns KpZ-n-{Zhpw KptZ-{n-bhpw Dmbn Zy-Ym-b-X\w {]hn-i-tX-Xn.
Fpw a\-n-em-p-I. ChnsS A]m-\-hmbp ae-hn-k\-tl-Xphpw AXns m\w \m`n-bp-am-bXp ImcWw AXn\v apJy- amb m\w Iev]n-n- cn-p- p. Fm arXyp A]m-\s A[n-jTm-Xm-hm-Ip-p. AXp-Im-cWw D]-e-v W-tm-Sp-IqSn KptZ-{n-b-ns h-\hpw CXn AK-X-am-bn-cn-pp Fp Icp-Xp-Xv DNn-X-am-Wv. ]ns enwKw {]Xy--a m-bn. AXn\npw hocyhpw AXn\npw Pehpw Dm-bn. ChnsS enwK-ns Dev]n-bn \npw D]-t-{n-bhpw AXns tZh-X-bmb {]Pm-]-Xnbpw Dev]--am-Ip-p.

C{]-Imcw IpXn-cbpw ]iphpw Ahp lnX-I-casp a\-n-em-b-tm ]c-ta-iz-c Ahp-thn a\pjy-i-co-cs krjvSn-p-Ibpw Ahsc ImWn-p-Ibpw sNbvXp. AXns\ I-tms Fm tZh-X-Ifpw AXyw {]k--cm-bn. A\-cw Ah ]dp ""CXp Rsf kw_-n-n-S-tmfw hfsc kp-c-amb \nhmk-m-\-am-Wv. CXn Rp hfsc kpJ-ambn \nhkn-p-h m Ign-bpw. R-fpsS Fm Bh-iy-fpw \mbn \nd-th-p-hm\pw Ign-bpw.'' hmkvX-h-n a\p-jyi-cocw ]c-am-m-hns kp-c-amb krjvSn-X-s-bm-Wv. AXn-\m CXp tZh-Zp-`-sap Icp-Xp-Ibpw imkv{X- fn ]e-bn-Spw CXns aln-asb ]mSn-p-Igvp-Ibpw ZznXo- b -J WvU w sNp-p. Fp-sIm-s- m CtX-co-Xn-bn Poh\v ]c1. Xm GXm tZhXmx krjv S m Akv a n al- am-m-hns B-b-\p-k-cnv bYm-tbmKyw km[-\-I Xyth {]m]-Xw-k vXa-i-\mbm ]n]m-k m-`ym-a-\z- A\p-jTnv A-t-ls {]m]n-p-hm Ign-bp-p. Fm v hmPXv Xm G\-a-{_p-h-m-b-X\w \x {]Pm-\oln tZh-X-Ipw B icocw CjvS-am-sWp I-tm ]cbkvan {]Xn-jvTnXm A-a-Zm-ta-Xn. ta- iz-c Ah- tcmSp ]dp ""\n Ah-c-hp tbmKy]c-am-m-hn-\m krjvSn--s B C{n-b-fpsS ambn m\- t\mn Cu ico- c- n {]th-inp hknA[n-jSm-\-tZ-h-X-am-cmb An apX-emb Fm-tZ-h-X-Ifpw p-sIm-p-hn.'' v kwkm-ccq-]-am-Ip Cu alm-k-ap-{Z-n hp-tNp. 4. AnhmKv`qXzm apJw {]mhn-i-Zzmbpx {]mtWmAXm-bXv lnc-Wy-K`-]p-cp-js ico-c-n \npw P\n- `qXzm \mkntI {]mhn-i-Zm-Zn-Xy--p`q-Xzm-n-Wo-Xn-\p-tijw Ahv \nn-jvS-amb bmsXmcp m\hpw {]m- h n-i - nix t{im{Xw `qXzm Iu {]mhn-i e`n-n-cp-n-. Xm-c-Wm Ah B ka-jvSn-i-co-c- tmj [nh-\ -k v] -X tbm temam\n `qXzm XzNw ns hkn-p. Atm ]c-am-mhv B tZh-Xm-k- {]mhniw {am at\m-`qXzm lrZbw {]mhn-i-raq- l-n\p hnipw Zmlhpw Dm-n. AXn-\m hnipw Xyp-c -]mt\m `qXzm \m`nw {]mhn-i-Zmt]m tctXm Zmlhpw sImv ]oUn-X-cmbn An apX-emb Fm tZh- `qXzm iniv\w {]mhn-i. X- Ifpw Xsf krjvSn ]c- am-m-hn-t\mSp ]dp ""`KkrjvSn-Im-hmb ]c-ta-iz-cs B-b\p-k-cnv h, Rv Ahpw `-Whpw aXn-bm-thmfw e`np An-tZ-hX hmKn-{nb cq]w [cnv a\p-jy-i-co-c-ns kpJ-ambn Pohn- p--Xn\v DX-I - - -h n-[-ap Hcp hmbn {]th-inv Pnlzsb Xs B{i-bm-\-am-n. m\w Rmbn hyh sNbvXp-X- c-Ww.'' ChnsS hcp-W-tZ-h\pw ck-t\-{n-b-am-bnv hmbn {]th2 . X mt` ym Kmam- \ - b m A {_ p- h s s h inp ]ns hmbp-tZ-hX {]mW-\m-bnv \mkn-I-bpsS Zzmct\mbae anXn Xmt`ymizam-\-bm A{_p-h -fnqSn {]th-in-p. Aizn-\o-Ip-am-c\pw {]mtW-{n-bssh t\mba-e-an-Xn. cq]w [cn-np \mkn-Ibn {]hn-jvS-am-bn. AXn-\p-tijw kqcy-tZ-h t\t{X-{n-bam-bnp Ip-I-fn {]th-in-p. C{]-Im-c-ap Ah-cpsS {]m-\-tIv krjvSn-Imhmb ]c-ta-iz-c Ahsmw hkn-p--Xn-\mbn Hcp Huj-[n-I-fp-tSbpw h\-kv]-X n-I-fp-tSbpw Al-m-cn-bmb ]ip-hns ico-c-ap-m-n Ah-sc-m-Wn-p. AXp-I-nv tZhX tcma-cq-]-tm-Sp-IqSn Xzn {]th-in-p. AXpAh ]dp "`K-h, CXp Rp ]cym-]vX-am-Ip- t]mse N{ a\-ns cq]w [cnp lrZ-b- nepw arXypv n- . CXn\np R-fpsS Imcy-- sfmpw kpK-a-ambn tZ-hX A]m-\-cq]w [cnp \m`n-bnepw {]hn-jS-am-bn. Pe\S-p-hm km[y-a-. AXp-sImv CXn-s\-m t{ijvT- ns A[n-jvTm\ tZhX hocy-amb enwK-nepw {]thamb asmcp icocw krjvSn-p-X-m-epw.'' Atm ]c-am- in-p. C{]-Imcw Fm tZh-X- Ifpw C{n-b-cq]w [cn-v Ahv mhv Ahmbn Hcp IpXn-c-bpsS icocw \nn-nv c-hp-]-bp--amb m\--fn D]-hn-jS-cmbn nXnsN-bvXp. Ahsc ImWn-p. AXp Iv Ah hopw ]dp ""`K-h, CXpw Rv Bh-iyn\pX-Ip-- X-. Av aqm- a-Xmbn asmcp icocw Dmn Rp Xm- epw.''

5. Xa-i -\ mbm ]n]mtk A{_q-X m-am-h m-` yma`n-{]Pm\o loXn. tX A{_-ho-tZ-Xm-tkzh hmw tZh-Xm-

170

I kzm-`-Pmtay Xmkp `mKn\yu Itcm-ao-Xn. XkvamZyssky Issky N tZh-Xmssb lhnKr-lytX `mKn-\ym-th-hm-kym-a-i-\ m-bm-]n-]mtk `h-Xx.
Atm hnipw Zmlhpw IqSn ]c-ta-iz-c-t\m-Sp-IqSn ]d-bp-hm XpSn "`K-h' Chsmw hkn-p--Xn\p m\w Ap \n-bn-p-sIm-Sp-n-cn-p-p-. C\n Rm-bnpw GsX-nepw m\w Ip-]n-Snv AXn Rsf m]n-mepw! Ah C{]-Imcw ]d-tm krjvSn-Im-hmb ]c-ta-iz-c Ah-tcmSp ]dp ""\np cp-t]pw {]tXy-Iamb m\--fpsS Bh-iy-an-. \n cp-t]pw Cu tZh-X-I-fpsS m\--fn Rm Ah-Imiw \Ipw. Cu tZh-X-I-fpsS Blm-c-n \n cp-t]-tcbpw Rm ]p-Im-cm-nopw. krjvSn-bpsS Bcw-`-ns ]c-ta-iz-c Cs\ Hcp \nbaw \n-bn-n-cp-p. AXn-\m Ftm-sgnepw GsXmcp tZh-X- bm-bnp sImSp-p-- Xn\v C{nbw v hgn-bmbn hnjbt`mKsf hln-p- sImp t]mIp- pthm B tZh-X-bpsS `mK-n Cu hnipw Zmlhpw ]p-Imcmbn `mhn-pp; AXm-bXv B C{n-bns A`n-am-\nbmb tZh-X-bpsS Xr]vXn-tbm-Sp-IqSn pXv]n-]m- k-Ipw imn-e-`n-p-p.

temI--fp-tSbpw temI-]m-e-I-m-cp-tSbpw Blm-c-kw_-n-bmb Bh-iy-sf ]qo-I-cn- p--Xn\v D-am--s-n-cn-p Aw ""CXv Fs `nv Fs \miw hcp-p--Xm-I-bm AXn\npw tamN\w t\SWw'' Fp IcpXn ]nXn-cn-tm-Sp-hm XpS-n. Atm B a\p-jy-cq-]-n krjvSn--s Pohm-mhv As hmp-I apJm-ncw ]nSn-p-hm-\m-{K-lnp; Fm AXn\p hmWo- Zzmcm As ]nSn-p-hm Ign- n- . B ]pcpj\p hmWo-Zzmcm As ]nSnp \np- hm Ignn-cpp Fn a\p-jy Ctmgpw As hmWoZzmcm Dm-c-Ww-sImp AXm-bXv A-ns \mtam-mc-W-am-{X-bn, hbdp \nd-bp-am-bn-cp-p. Fm As\ kw`-hn-n- .

4 . X X v{] m- t W - \ mPnL r - - m- i - I vt\ mX v {]mtW\ {KloXpw k bss-\ Xv {]mtW-\ m-{Kssl-jy-Z-`n-{]m-W y-ssl-hm a{X-]v ky-Xv.
Atm B ]pcp-j As {]mW aqew AXmbXv {]mtW-{n-b-Zzmcm ]nSn-p-hm B{K-lnp; Fm AXn\p {LmtW-{nbw hgn AXns\ ]nSn-p-hm km[nn-. Cu As {LmtW-{n-bw-sImp ]nSn-p-hm Ign-n-cpp Fn Ctmgpw Bfp-Iv `Ww aWp-sImp Xr]vXn-s-Sp-hm Ign-bp-am-bn-cp-p. Fm A-s\bpw kw`-hn-n-.

XrXob JWvU w
1. k Cu-tXta \p temIm temI-]m-em-m-ta`yx krPm CXn.
Chsb Fmw krjvS n--Xn-\p-tijw ]c-ta-iz-c hopw Nnnp "Cu temItfbpw temI-]m-e-I-mscbpw krjvSn- n-cn-pp ChnsS cN-\m-kw-_--amb Fm-m-cy-fpw ]qn-bm-bn-cn-p-p. C\n Chp Pohn-p--Xn-\p `Ww Dm-Ww t`mK-h-kvXp-fp- m--Ww. Fp-sIm-s- m Ch-tbm-Sp-IqSn hnipw Zmlhpw tN-s -n-cn- p-p. AXn-\ m As krjvSn-mw.

5. X- p jmPn-L r- - - m-i -Ivt\m- - pjm {KloXpw k bss-\p-jm-{K-ssl-jyZv ZrjvSzm - sslhm- -a-{ X-] vk y-Xv.
]ns B ]pcp-j As Ip-IsImp ]nSnp-hm Binp; Fm Ah\v AXn\p Ign-n-. Ah\p Ip-IsImv As ]nSn-p-hm Ign-ncp- s- n Xo-bmbpw Cpw Bfp-I As Ip Xr]vXn-s-Sp-am-bn-cp-p. Fm As\ kw`-hn-n-.

2. tkmt]m`yX-]-mt`ym`nX-]vXmt`ym aqnc-Pm-b-X. bm ssh km aqn-c-Pm-b-Xmw ssh XXv .

6. X-t dm-t {X- W m-P n- - L r- - m-i -I vt \mv tdm t{XW-{K-loXpw k bss-\ -v-tdm-t{X-Wm-{K-ssljy- vdpXzm sslhm--a-{X-]vky-Xv.
]ns B ]pcp- j As I-Zzmcm ]nSn- p- hm B{K- l n- p. Fm B {iahpw ^en- n- . IsImv AXns\ ]nSn-n-cpp Fn Cpw a\pjyv A- ns \ma-{i-hW-am-{X-bns Xr]vXns-Sm-am-bn-cp-p. Fm A-s\bpw Ign-n-.

apI-fn ]d--hn[w Nnn-np ]c-ta-iz-c Pes AXm-bXv Ap kqva alm-`q-X-sf X]n-np Xs k-ev]-tm-Sp-Iq-Snb {Inbsb AXn \S-n. ]c-am-mhns k-e]-tm-Sp-IqSn km-en-X-amb B kqva-av 7. Xzm- ] m- P n- L r- - - m- i - I v t \m- \ - zNm lm-`q-X- - fn\npw aqn {]Xy- - ambn; AXm-bXv Ah{KloXpw k bss-\-z-Nm-{K-ssl-jy-v]rjvSzm bpsS qe-cq]w D--am-bn. B Aw Xs tZh-Xsslhm- -a-{ X-] vk y-Xv. Ip t`mKy-am-bn-cn-p-p. Atm B ]pcp- j As Xzp-sImv ]nSn-p3. XtZ-\Xv krjvSw ]cm-M-Xy-Pn-Lmw-k--Zzm-NmPn hm-\m-in-p. Fm Ah\v AXns\ Xzp-aq-ehpw ]nSnLrIv \m-i-tm-ZzmNm {Klo-Xpw. bss-\p-hm Ign-n-. As\ kw`-hn-n-cp-p-sh-n Zzm- N m- { K- s sl- j y- Z - ` n- h ym- l rXy sslhm- - a - { X Xo-bmbpw a\p-jy As kv]in-p-Xs Xr]vX-

-]vky-Xv .

171

I cm-Ip-am-bn-cp-p. Fm A-s\bpw kw`-hn-n-.


8. X- \ - k mPo L r- - m- i - I v t \m- - \ km {KloXpw k bss-\- -\-k m-{K-s sl-j y- ymXzm sslhm- -a-{ X-] vk y-Xv.
]ns B ]pcp-j As a\-p-sImp hio-Icn-p--Xn-m-{K-ln-p. Fm Ah\v AXns\ a\-psImp hi-m-p-hm Ign-n-. Ah\v AXns\ a\p-sImp ]nSn-p-hm km[n-n-cp-p-sh-n Xo-bmbpw Cpw a\p-jy As Nnn-p-sImp Xr]vXns-Sp-am-bn-cp-p. ]s A-s\bpw ImWp-hm Ignn-.

9. Xn-ivt\-\m-Pn-Lr- -- m-iIvt\m nivt\-\{K-loXpw k bss\ n ivt\\m-{K-s sl-j y-ZznkrPy sslhm--a-{X-]vky-Xv.


]noSv B ]pcp-j As D]w (enw-Kw) sImp ]nSn-p-hm B{K-lnp; Fm Ah\v D]-Zzmcm As ]nSn-p-hm Ign-n-. Ah\v D]-Zzmcm ]nSn-p-hm Ign-n-cpp Fn Xo-bmbpw Cpw As Dt]-np Xr]vXn-s-Sp-hm Ign-bp-ambn-cp-p. Fm As\ kw`-hn-n-.

v, Ahs- m- a p Blm-c hpw krjvS nv XYm a\pjyico-c-[m-cn-bmb ]pcp-j Blm-cs {Kln-p-Xn\pw ]Tn-p-I-gn--tm B k-{k-jvSm-hmb ]c-taiz-c hopw Nnnp ""Cu a\p-jy-cq-]-tm-Sp-Iq-Snb ]pcpj Fs-q-SmsX Fs\ Pohnpw? Cu Pohmm-hn-t\m-Sp-IqSn Fs kl-tbmKw Dm-Ip-n-s-n AXp X\nsb F{]-Imcw Dd-p-\npw? AXp-t]mse Fs kl-tbmKw IqSmsX Cu ]pcp-j hmWo-Zzmcm kwkm-cn-p-hm ]Tn-p, {LmtW-{nbw hgn aW-p-Xn\p ]Tn-p. {]mWhgn hmbp-hns\ Dn-tebvpw ]pdtbvpw hen-p-Ibpw hnSp-Ibpw sNp {Inbbpw ]Tn-n-cn-p-p. Ip-IsImp ImWp-p, {ih-tW-{nb-sImp tIp-p, XzKn-{nbw hgn-bmbn kv]i\kpJw Adn-bp- p, a\-p- sImp a\\w sNp- p, A]m\-Zzmcm Aw hngp-p-p, P\-t\-{n-b-Zzmcm aq{Xhpw hocyhpw hnkn-p--Xn-\m \n]p-W\pw IqSn-bmIp p Fn ]ns F s- s mv Ah- s \m Imcyw''AXm-bXv Fs- q-SmsX Cu Fm C{n-b-fpw hgn-bmbn {]h-\-k- --\m- Ip- -Xn\v Chs\ kw_-nn- S-tmfw Akw-`-hy-am- W.v '' C{Xbpw Nnn-nv Rm Cu a\pjy ico-cn ]mZ-fpw akvX-Ihpw Cu cn GXp-am-ambn {]th-inpw Fpw hnNm-cn-p.

12. k GX-a th koam\w hnZm-s scy-X bm Zzmcm {]m]-Zy-X. sskjm hnZr-Xn\ma ZzmkvX-tZ-X mAh-km\w B ]pcp-j As apJ-ns Zzmc- -\w. Xky {Xb Bh-k-Ym-kv{Xbx kz]v\mx, AbnqSn A]m-\-hm-bp-Zzmcm {Kln-p--Xn\v B{K-ln- p. am-h- ktYmbam-hm-k tYmbam-h-kY CXn.
AXm- bXv A]m- \-hm-bp- Zzmcm apJ-nqSn ico-c- ns Dn-tep {]th-in-n-p--Xn\p {]hn- p. Atm Ah\v As Xs ico-c-ns Dn sImp-t]mIp-hm Ign-p. bmsXmcp A]m-\-hmbp shfn-bn \npw ico-cns Dn-tebvp izmtkm-zm-k-cq-]n ISpt]m-Ip-pthm AXp-X-s-bm-Ipp Ans {Kml-I. AXns\ ]nSn--h; AXm-bXv Dntep sImp-t]m-Ip--h. {]mW-hm-bp-hns\ kw_-nv, Cu Aw apJm-ncw Pohs kwc-Ww \n-lnp-sIm-n-cn-p--Xp-sImv CXp kmm Bbp-pXs BIpp FXv {]kn--am-Ip-p. AXv Cu A]m-\hm- bp-hns\ Iqn-sm-p-Xs {]mWmZn Ap t`Z- - fn hn`--ambncnp apJy-{]m-Ws Hcw-i-am-Ip-p. AXn\m {]mW Xs a\p-jys Poh-\m-Ipp Fv CXn\npw hy-am-Ip-p. ]c-am-mhv Cu a\p-jy-i-co-c-ns koasb "aqmhns\' AXm- bXv {_- c- vds ]nfnv AXp-am-ambn B kPoh a\p-jy-i-co-c-n {]th-in-p. Cu Zzmcw hnZrXn (hn-Zo-am--s--Zzm-cw) F t]cn {]kn--ambn-op. AXp-Xs Cu hnZrXn Fp t]cp--Zzmcw ({_-- vdw) B\--{]-Zm-b-I-am-b n-cn-pp; AXm-b Xv B\ kzcq-]-\mb ]c-am-m- hns {]m]vXn \Ip-p. ]cta-iz-cs {]m]vXn-p m\- aqm-Ip-p. kz]v\fpw aqv. BZy-t-Xmb lrZ-bm-Imiw At-l-ns D]-e-_v[n-m-\-am-Ip-p. cm-a-tXv hnip-m-Im-i-cq-]]-c-a-[maw. AXv kXy-tem-Iw, tKmtem-Iw, {_-tem-Iw, kmtI-X-tem-Iw, ssIemkw BZn-bmb At\Iw t]cp-Ifm Adn-b-s-Sp-p. aqm-a-tXv Cu kq-amb {_m- W v U - a m- I p- p. AXp- t]mse Cu PK- ns qehpw kqva hpw Imc-W -cq-]-hp-amb aq-h-IXs CXns aqp kz]v\-fpw BIp-p.

10. XZ-]m-t\-\m-Pn-Lr---Zm-h-bXv ssktjm ky {Ktlm bZzm-bp-c-m-bphm Gj bZzmbpx

11. k CuX IYw \znZw aZrtX kymZnXn k CutX IX-tcW {]]Zym CXn. k CuX bZn hmNm `nhym-lrXw bZn {]mtWm-\m-`n-{]m-WnXw bZn Npjm ZrjvSw bZn t{imt{X-W-ivdpXw bZn XzNm kv]rjvSw bZn a\km [ymXw bZy-]m-t\-\m-`y-]m\nXw bZn inivt\\ hnkr-jvSaY tImlan-Xn.

13. k PmtXm `qXm-\ y-`n-s shy-J yXv Inan-l m\yw hmh-Zn-j-Zn-Xn. k GX-tah ]pcpjw {_ XX-a-a]-iy-Xv. CZ-a-Zi-an-Xo.

a\p-jy-cq-]-n D-hn ]pcp-j Cu `uXn-IP-Kns hnNn-{X- c-N-\sb hfsc B-cy-tm-Sp-IqSn \mepC{]- Imcw temI-tbpw temI- ]m- e- I- m- tcbpw krjvSn- `m-K--fn t\mp-Ibpw a\-n C{]-Imcw ]d-bp-Ibpw

172

I sNbvXp ""Cu hnNn{X PK-ns\ krjvSn-Xv ChnsS amcmWv? Fp-sIm-s- m CXv Fm krjvSn--s-tX-b-. Imcy-a p- Xp ImcWw Xo-bmbpw CXns krjvSm-hmbn Bsc-nepw Dm-bn-cn--Ww.'' C{]-Imcw hnNm-cn-nv B km[-I Xs lrZ-bn A-cym-anbmbn hncm-Pn-p ]pcp-j-s\-s Cu kq PKn hym]n-n-cn-p ]c-{_-ns cq]-n, {]Xy- am-n. Atm Ah B\- -\n-a--\mbn Dn C{]Imcw ]d-bp-hm XpSn ""Atlm ku`m-Kyw, Rm ]c{_--]-c-ta-iz-cs\ In-cn-p-p, kmm-Xvmcw {]m]nn-cn-p-p.''

1. ]pcptj l hm Ab-am-ZntXm Kt`m `h-Xn. btZX t{ZXx XtZ-XXv ktht`ymMv tK`y-kvtXPx kw`qX-am--t\y-hm-m\w _n`n XZyZm kv{Xnbmw kn-Xy-ssY-\--\-bXn XZky {]Yaw P.

Cu PK-ns hnNn{X cN-\-sb-v CXns {kjvSmhmb ]c- am-m-hns k-bn hniz-knv a\p-jy Atls Adn-bp--Xn\pw {]m]n-p--Xn\pw Dp-I-\mbn At-l--s B{i-bnv {]hn-pp Fn Xo-bmbpw B ]cm-]-cs\ Adn- bp-hm Ign- bp-sa `mhw 2. Xkv{Xnbm B-`qXw i-Xn. bYm kzaw KwXChnsS {]I-S-am--s-n-cn-p-p. ]c-am-m-hns\ Adn-bpYm. Xkvam-tZ\mw \ ln\-kvXn. kmsskyX amm-Xn\pw {]m]n-p--Xn-\p-ap {]hrn Cu a\p-jy-i-co\-a-{X-KXw `mh-b-Xn. c-n\npw am{Xta km[y-am-I-bp-q. ap ico-c--fn B kv{Xo (am-Xm-h) bpsS ico-c-n hp-tN B v km[y-a-. K`w ]nXm-hp-h-gn-bmbn m]n-X-amb tXPv B 14. Xkvam-Zn-Zt{m \mta-Zt{m l ssh \ma Xankv{XobpsS B-`m-hs {]m]n-p-p. AXm-bXv AhZ{w k-an{ CXym-NtX ]tcm-t-W. ]tcmfpsS aw-K- t]mse-Xs CXpw Ah-fpsS Hc-h-b-h-{]-nbm Ch ln tZhmx ]tcm--{]nbm Ch ln ambn ]cn-W-an-p-p. AXp-Im-cWw B K`w Ah-fpsS tZhmx DZ-c-n InS-npw bmsXm- cp-hn-[-amb ]oU-Ifpw Ahsf ]c-{_ ]c-am-m-hns\ B a\p-jy-i-co-c-n D- _m[n-m-sX-bn-cn-p-p. AsXmcp `mc-am-bn-tmepw A\phn ]pcp-j ]qtm--amb coXn-bn Ip; Cu Imc- `-hs-Sp-n-. B kv{Xo Xs ico-cn hp-tN Ww-sIm-p-Xs ]c-am-m-hns \maw "CZ{' Fm-bn- Xs ]Xn-bpsS B-cq-]-amb Cu K`s Xs Hc-h-bop. AXm-bXv ""CZw {Z Chs\ Rm BZyw In-cn- hw-t]m-se-Xs `-W-km-[-\-sImp ]cn-t]m-jn-np-p.'' Cu hypXv]-n-b-\p-k-cnv At-l-ns \maw p-Ibpw as-m--c-n-ep-ap AXym-hiy \nb-a-]m-e""CZ{'' Fm-bn. C{]-Imcw B ]c-am-m-hns \maw \-sImp ]cn-]m-env AXns\ \-Xp- t]mse cn- p"CZ{' Fp Xs-bm-Ipp Fncp-mepw Bfp-I Ibpw sNp-p. CXns\ ]tcm-- `m-h-n "C{' Fp ]dp hnfn-p3. km `mh-bn{Xo `mh-bn-Xhym `h-Xn. Xw kv{Xo p. Fp-sIm-s-m tZh-K-W-fpw cl-ky-am-bn-sK ` w _ n` n. tk m{K G h Ipamc w -t]mse Aev]w ]d-bp-hm-\n-jvS-s-Sp-p. ""]tcm--{]nbm P t\ mt{K[ n` m- h - b - X n. k bX vIp- a mc w Ch ln tZhmx'' Cu An-a-hm-Iys hopw D-cn-pPt\mt{K[n`m- h -b - X ym- m- \ -t ah Xm-h -b sImv Cu JWvU-ns kam-]vXnsb kqNn-n-p-p.

Cu temI-Pohn BZyw ]pcp-j-i-co-c-n (]n-Xm-hns ico-c-n) hocy-cq-]-tm-Sp-IqSn K`-am-Ip-p. ]pcp-js ico-cn- ep Cu hocyw Fm AwK--fn\npw ]pds-p-mb tXPv (km-cw) BWv. Cu ]nXmhv Xs kzcq]-`q-X -amb hocy-c q-]-tX-P-ns\ BZyw kzw ico-cns [cn-p-Ibpw ]cn-t]m-jn-n-p-Ibpw sNpp. {_-N-cyw-hgn AXns\ hfn ]pjvSn-s-Sp-p-p. ]noSv Ah AXns\ kv{XobpsS K`m- i- b- n m]np-p. Atm AXns\ K`-cq-]-n D-hn-n-p-p. AXp amXm-hns ico-c-n {]th-in-p--Xp-Xs AXns BZy P-am-Ip-p.

tXyjmw temIm\mw kwX- X ym. Ghw kwXXm lota temIm-kvXZky ZznXobw P. -

ZznXo-bm- ymbw

kzw `m-hns B-kz-cq-]amb B K`s Fm hn[- nepw kwc-n-p-sIm-n-cn-p B K`nWn {]Y-a-I mWvU w hon-ep Bfp-Ifmepw {]tXy-Inv Ah-fpsS `m-hnkw_w {]Y-am-ym-b-n krjvSn- bpsS D-n- \mepw ]cn-]m-en--s-Sp-hm tbmKy-bm-bn- o-cp-p. AXm{I-a-tbpw a\p-jy-i-co- c-ns al-z- tbpw ]dp bXp honeph-cp-tSbpw `m-h n-tbpw ]c-a-amb Ign-p. Pohm-m-hn\v Cu ico-c-n ]c-am-m-hns\ I-hy-amWv Ahp `- W-{I-a-fpw Pohn-X-kuAdnp IrX-Ir-Xy-am-bn-o-cp-hm km[n-p-sa- p I-cy- fpw sNbvXp-sIm-Spv Ahsf kwc-n-pI FpImcyhpw kmt-Xn-Iambn ]d-n-cn-p-p. Ctm Cu -Xv. B K`s {]k-hn-p--Xp-hsc kv{Xo (am-Xm-hv) ico-cns A\n-Xy-Xsb ImWnv sshcmKyw Dm-Ip- Xs ico-c-n hln-p-sIm-n-cn-p-p. ]ns P\n--Xn-\p-thn Cu Aym-b-n a\p-jy-i-co-c-ns Xn-\p-tijw P\n-m-ep-SXs AXns ]nXmhp PmXD-nsb hn-pp

173

I ImZn NS-p-Ifmepw ap \m\m {]Im-c-n-ep D]-Nm-

kw_-w--C-{]-Imcw IqS-qsS P\n-p-Ibpw acn-pc-sImpw B Ipam-cs\ AZyp-Zb ioe-\m-p-Ibpw Ibpw sNp-Xv Hcp `b--c-amb bmX-\bm-Ip-p. Cu P\\w apX Ah kYm tbmKy- \m-bn- o-cp- - Xp-hsc Pohn Cu cl-kys {Klnv Cu ico-ccq-]-am-Ip Fm-{]-Im-c-n-ep-ap ]cn-]m-e-\-fpw \m\m-hn-[-n-ep- IqSns\ XIv CXn\np XnIpw ths]-Sp- -Xp- hsc ap hnZy-Ifpw {]Zm-\w-sNbvXv Fm {]Im-c-nepw D- B P-bm-X-\bvp arXy-cq-]-am-b-bn\npw Hcn-epw X-\m-n-op-Ibpw sNp-p. Ipn-bpsS P\-\m\cw tamN-\-ap-m-Ip-n-. Cu Bibw ASp cp a{-B ]nXm-h,v Ah Ign-hp--h-\m-bn-o-cp--Xn-\p-thn fn hma-tZ-h-a-ljn-bpsS ZrjvSm--nqSn a\-n-emAh\p hnZym-`ym-khpw kwc--Whpw \In tbmKy-\m- -s-Sp-p. n- opp; Fp-sIm-s-m C{]-Im-cw-X s 5. XZp--ar-jn-Wm--Kt` \pk--t\z-jm-a-th-Z-alw Hmtcm-cp--c n\npw D-h nv Ch-s bmw a\p-jytZhm\mw P\n-am\n hnizm. iXw am ]pc Bb-kohs hnkvXo-am-n-op-p. Hcp Poh _mec-c - - [x tiyt\m Phkm \nc-Zo-b -an-X n. K` I-cq-]-n K`-n \npw shfn-bn-tebvp hcp-Xv GsshX bmt\m hmta-Zh Gh-ap-]m-N. Ahs cm-as P-am-Ip-p. ap]-d \mep a{- -fnepw hnh-cn-n- cn-p ImcyCu hnh-c -W-nIqSn ]nXm-hn\pw ]p{X- \p-ap -fpsS clkyw ChnsS Ejn-Zzmcm ]d-bs-n-cn-p-p. I-hy-ns inWw \I-s-n-cn-p-p. amXm-]nK`m-h--bns AXm-bXp K`w shfn-bn hcpXm--tfmSp ]p{X- mv `mcn Npa- X-e- I Dsv Ah -Xn\p apm-bn-s hma-tZ-h-a-ljnp bYma\-n-em--Ww. AXn-\m Ah F{X-am{Xw tkh\w m\w e`n-n-cp-p. AXn-\m Atlw amXm-hns DZ-cA\p-jvTn-mepw Ah XnIpw Aev]w-am-{Xta BIp-p-q. n InS-p- sIm- p- Xs ]dp ""Atlm alm-`m- Kyw, AXp- t]mse ]nXmhpw Nnn-t--Xpv; Rm\n- h\p hfsc K`-n hkn-p-sIm-p-Xs Rm Cu Ax-Ic-WD]-Im-c--sfms sNbvXn-cn-pp Fsmpw Al--cn-fp-tSbpw C{n-b --fp-tSbpw tZh-X-If psS At\I p-hm ]mSn; adnv Rm Fs-s A`n-hr-n-sP- fn-embn kw`-hn-n-p cl-ky-sf \-Xp-t]mse Spn kzw I-hys ]men-n-cn-pp Fv ]nXm{Kln-n-cn-p-p. AXv Fsm-cm--cy-am-bn-cn-p-p. AXm Nnn--Ww. bXv P\\w apX-em-bh hmkvX-h-n Cu Ax-Ic-W4. tkmkymb- a mm ]ptWy`yx {]Xn- [ o- b - tX. n-tbpw C{n-b-fp-tSbpw am{X-am-Wv, Bm-hns AYm-kym-b-an-Xc Bm IrX-IrtXym htbm-KXx A F Imcyw Rm XnIpw {Kln-p-I-gn-n-cn-pss{]Xn. k CXx {]b-th ]p\Pm-btX XZky p. Cu clkyw {Kln-p--Xn\p apv At\Iw temlk-am-\-I-tTm-c--fmb ico-c-]-RP-c--fn F\nv _v XrXobw P. \-a \p`hn-t- -X mbn hn-p- v. Ah-b n \npw ap]-d {]Imcw ]nXm-hn-s-Xs B-cq-]-amb tamN\w t\Sp-Xv Fs kw_-n-n-S-tmfw Akm-[y]p{X Imcy \S- p--Xn\v tbmKy-\m-bn- o- cptm am-sWp Hcp ZrV-hn-izm-khpw F\n-p-m-bn-cp-p. B ]nXmhv Ahs\ Xs {]Xn-\n-[n-bm-p-p. An-tlmCtm Rm Igp-I-s\-tmse m\-cq-]-am-Ip in{Xw, tZh-]q-P, AXn-Yn-tkh apX-embn sshZn-Ihpw euIntb-d nb thK-tm-Sp-IqSn Ah-sbmw XIv AhI-hp-amb F{X- am{Xw ip`-I--fptm Ah-sb-m-nbn\npw thdn-p-I-gn-n-cn-p-p. B ico-ccq-]--fmsbpw `mcw ]p{Xs\ Gn-p-p. Krl-s Fm Ip ]RvP-c--fp-ambn F\np bmsXmcp kw_-hpw D-c-hm-Zn-Xz-fpw ]p{X-\n Npan IrX-Ir-Xy-\m- bn-oAh-ti-jn-p-n- . Rm F-t-bvp-ambn B ico-ccp-p. AXm-bXv Xs-s ]nXr-_m-y-X-bn\npw -f psS Al-m-c-n\npw ap-\m-b n--g n-n-cnap-\m-bn-op-p. AXn-\p-tijw Cu ico-c-ns p-p. Bbpv ]q-am-Ip- -tXm-Sp-IqSn Abm (]n-Xm-h v) AXns\ Dt]-n-nv ChnsS \npw bm{X ]d-bp-p. 6. k Ghw hnZzm-\-kvam-co-c-t`-Zm-Zq[z DXv{I-aymAtm ChnsS \npw t]mbn ap-tem-In Im-\p- ap-jva n kztK temtI kmIm-a m-\ m-]vX zmk-cWw FhnsS GXp-tbm-\n-bn P\n-p-pthm AXv arXx ka-`m-hXv ka-`h-Xv. Ahs aqm-as P-am-Ip-p. Cs\ Cu P- P-mC{]-Imcw P-P-m--c--fm-bp XXz-sf Adn- c-ns ]c-c XpSp-sIm-t-bn-cn-p-p. np AXm-bXv Poh Cu ico-ctm-Sp-IqSn Hmbn P\-\a-c-W--fpsS alm-I-jS-XIsf Nnnv AXn hkn-p-Ibpw ico-cs-s Xs kzcq-]-sap Icpv \npw tamN\w t\Sp--Xn\p Pohm-mhv a\pjyico-c-n- Xp-Ibpw sNp--Xp-hsc Ch\p P\-\-a-c-W--fn \npw en-cpp {]hn-m-Xn-cn-p--Xp-hsc Cu ]c-c XI-cp- tamN\w e`n-p-t- bn-. Ch\v IqsS-qsS \m\m-tbm-\nn-. AXn- \m CXn- \p- thn a\p-jy Ahiyw {]hn- I-fn Pw FSp- nv \m\m-hn- [- n- ep IjvS-X- I A\p-Ww. CXp-Xs Cu {]I-c-W-ns Dtiw Fp `-hn-t--Xm-bn-h-cpp Cu cl-kys {Kln-n-p t_my-am-Ip- p.

174

I m\n-bmb hma-tZ-h-a-ljn K`-n\npw shfn-

Xs BZyw ]d--Xmb a\-.v kay-mbn Fmw {Klnbn hv Ah-km\w ico-c-\miw kw`-hn--tm temI- p--Xn-\p ImgvN-bn\np hcp-p. in AXm-bXv n \npw apIfnte-bvp-I-bcp-Ibpw AXp-t]mse ap--hsc BPvRm-Zzmcm `cn-p- - Xn-\p in, ]ZmDu[z-K-Xn-Zzmcm `K-hms ]c-a-[m-a- n Fn Ahn-Ssb sf {]tXyIw hnth-Nn-dn-bp--Xn-\p in, ImWpFm A`n-em-j-fpw {]m]nv AXm-bXv kYm B]vX- Ibpw tIp-Ibpw sNp--hsb a\-kvkn-em-p--XnIm-a-\m-bnv Aa-c-\m-bn-o-cp-Ibpw sNbvXp. As\ P\- \p in, A\p-`-h-sf [cn-p--Xn-\p in, Zi\-a-c-W-N-{I-n\npw \nXy-ambn tamN\w {]m]n-p. "ka- \-i-n, ss[cyw AXm- bXv hyXn-N-en-m-Xn- cn-p- -Xn- \p `-hXv' F ]Zs Bhn-p-sImv ChnsS Aym-b- in, _pn AXm-bXv \n-bn-p--Xn-\p in, a\ns kam-]Xnsb kqNn-n-n-cn-p-p. v \w-sN-p--Xn-\p in, thKw--- W-t\- cw-sImv FhnsS-bp-sa-p--Xn-\p in, kvac-W-i-n, k-ev]in, at\m-c-Y-i-n, {]mWi-n, A`nemji-n, {ko klXrXo-b m-ymbw hmkw apX-emb A`n-em-j-C-{]-Im-c-ap Cu inI-sfmw B kz- m-\-kz-cq- ]-\mb ]c-am-Xvam- hns \ma{]Y-a-J Wv Uw -f m- I p- p. AXm-b Xv At- l - ns k- b psS 1. tImbam- tXn hb-ap-] m- k va -t l. IXcx k t_m[s kv]jvS-am-p e-W--em-Ip-p. ChBm. tb\ hm ]iyXn tb\ hm irtWmXn tb\ sbmw Inv Ch-bpsS cNn-Xmhpw km-e-I\pw chm Km-\mPn{LXn tb\ hm hmNw hymIp-tcmXn \p-ambhs k-hym-]-I-amb k-bpsS PvRm\w Dmtb\ hm kzmZp NmkzmZp N hnPm-\m-Xn. Ip-p. Cu D]-\n-jns Hpw cpw Aym-b--fn-embn cm-m--fpsS h-\w-hp Hv ]c-am-m-h,v Fmn-t\bpw krjvSn-p-Ibpw kPoh ]pcp-js\ {]Xy-amn AXn\p kl-tbmKw \evIp--Xn\p kzbw AXn {]th-in-p-Ibpw sNp ]c-am-m-h.v cv Pohm-m-h.v bmsXm-ns\ kPo-h-]p-cp-j-cq-]n ]c-am-mhv {]I-Sam-p-Ibpw P-P-m--cfpsS ]c--c-bn K`-n XpS-n-a-cWw hsc Dm-bn- cn-p-Ibpw sNp Pohm-mhv. Ch-cn D]m-kn--s-tS tZh Bcv? AXv F-s\bp--XmWv? AXns\ Fs\ Xncn--dn-bpp? Cu Imcysf \n-bn-p--Xn\v Cu Aymbw {]tbm-P-\-s-Sppp. B D]m-ky-tZ-h-\mb ]c-am-m-hns XXzs {Kln-p--Xn-\p-p-I-cmb Ipd-m-fp-I ]c-kv]cw Nnnp-hm XpS-n. ""bmsXm-ns\ \mw D]m-kn-p-pthm AXm-bXv bmsXm-ns\ D]m-kn-nv AXns\ \mw {]m]n-Wtam B Bmhv Bcv? cm-as hmn bmsXmns kl-tbmKw sImv a\p-jy t\{X-Zzmcm kakvX Zriy--tfbpw ImWp-pthm bmsXm-n-\m I- tI-s-Sp- pthm bmsXm- n-\m {LmtW{nbw \m\mhn- [-n- ep Ksf {LmWn--dn- bp-pthm bmsXm- n\m ck-t\- {nbw kzmZp-tXm Cm- tXm Fp hkvXpsf {]tXyIw {]tXyIw Xncn-dn-bp-pthm AXv ap]d cv Bm--fn GXmWv?

3. Gj {_ssj C{ Gj {]Pm- ] - X n-t ctX kth-tZhm Cam\n N ]-a-lm-`q-Xm\n ]rYn ho hmbp-cm-Imi Bt]m tPymXowjotXy-Xm-\o-am\n N p{Z- a n- { im- W o- h - _ o- P m- \ o- X - c mWn tNX- c mWn Nm-Pm\n N Pmcp-Pm\n N tkzZ-Pm\n tNmZv`n\n Nmizm Kmhx ]pcpjm lkvXnt\m bXvInwtNZw {]mWn PwKaw N ]X{Xn N bp-m-hcw khw XXv{]-PvRm-t\{Xw {]PvRmt\ {]Xn-jvTnXw {] PvR m- t \ - t {X m- t e mIx {] PvR m- { ] - X nj vTm {]m\w {_.
C{]-Imcw Btem-Nn-nv Atlw AJn-e-tbpw krjvSnv Fm {]Im-c-n-ep in {]Zm-\w-sNbvXv Ahsb kwc-n-p kz-PRm-\- kz-cq-]-\mb ]c- am-Xvamv hp-Xs D]m-ky-tZ-h-s\p Xocp-am-\np. Ct-lw-Xs {_lm-amhpw BZys Aym-b-n hn-n-p C{\pw BIp- p. Ct- l w- X s Fm- n- tbpw krjvSnbpw ]me-\hpw-\-S-p--h\pw kIe {]P-IfptSbpw kzman-bp-amb {]Pm-]-Xn-bm-Ip-p. Fm C{m-Zn-tZh-Ifp-tSbpw ]rYn, BIm-iw, hmbp, Pew, tXPv Cu cq]- -e n {]I-S-am-bn-c n- p-p. ]-a-l m-`q-X - fpw sNdnb sNdnb _oP-cq-]--fn nX-am-bn-cn-p Fm PohnIfpw AXp-t]mse Ah-bn \npw `n--fmbn ap-hbpw AXm-bXv A--fn \np-m-Ip-Xpw `qan ]nfp-m-Ip-Xpw adp-]n-n-bn \np-m-Ip- Xpw hnbn \np-m-Ip-Xpw AXm-bXp a\p-jy-i-co-cnse Agp-n\n-p-m-Ip-Xpw IpXn-c, B\, ]ip, a\p-jy Ch-sb-mw-Iq-Snb PKpw ]dp \S-p-Xpw nc-am-bn-cn-p-Xpamb Poh-k-ap-Zm-b--fpw Cu Fm {]mWn-Ifpw {]PvRm-\-kz-cq-]\mb ]c-Xvam-hn\npw in- {]m-]nv Xmm-- fpsS {]hr-n-I-fn ka- cmbn

2. btZ-X-r-Zbw a\-ss-X-X.v kwm-\-am-m\w hnm\w {]m-\w ta[m ZrjvSn[r-Xna-Xna\ojm PqXnx kvarXnx kev]x {IXp-ckpx Imtam hi CXn khm-tWy-ssh-Xm\n {]m-\ky \mat[-bm\n `h-n.
C{]-Im-c-ap hnNm-c-sf Ah-X-cn-n-nv Atlw Btem-Nn-p-Cu lrZbw AXm-bXv AxIcWw CXp-

175

I hn-p-Ibpw B {]PvRm-kz-cq] ]c-am-m-hn nX-

Sp-IqSn kqhpw Znhyhpw Aeu-In-Ihpw Bb t`mKam-bn-c n-p-I bpw sNp- p. Cu AJne {_mw cq-]-am-Ip ]c-am-\-s {]m]n-nv Aa-c-\m-bnocppx {]PvRm-\-i-n-bp--am-bn-cn-p-p. CXns nXn-bpsS AXmbXv \nXy-ambn P\\ ac-W--fn\npw tamNn-B[mcw {]PvRm-\-kz- cq-]-\mb ]c-am- Xvam-hp- X-s-bm- Ip-p. s-Sp-p. "ka-`-hXv' (Bbn-op) Cu ]Z-ns ]p\AXn-\m bmsXmcp- t\cs C{s\pw {]Pm-]- cpn D]-\n-j-ns kam-]vX nsb kqNn-n-p--Xn-\pXn-sb-pap \ma-m ]d-bs-pthm bmsXm-cp- thn {]tbm-Kn-n-cn-p-p. Fm-n-tbpw cN-\bpw cbpw \Ip-Ibpw Fmn\pw Fm-hn-[-n-ep-ap in {]Zm\w sNp {]PvRm\ kzcq-]-\mb ]c-am-Xvam-hm-bn-cn-p-pthm At- imn-] mTw lw-Xs \psS D]m-ky-tZ-h-\m-bn-cn-p {_w B Hmw hmMvta a\kn {]Xn-jvTn-Xm. at\m ta hmNn Ip-p. {] X n- j vTn- X - a m- h n- c - h o a. G [ n. thZk y a

4. k GtX\ {]PvtR-\m-Xva-\m-kvam-tm-Im-Zp-Xm{I aymap-jvankztK temtI khm Ima-\m-]vXzmarXx ka-`-h--a-` -h-Xv.

bmsXm-cp- C{]-Imcw {]PvRm-\-kz-cq-]-\mb ]c-taiz- cs\ Adn-bp-pthm Ah Cu temI- n\npw apI- Hmw imnx ! imnx !! imnx !!! fn-te-bvp-bv AXm-bXv ico-cs XyPnv ]c-am-\--aCXns Aw Cu D]-\n-j-ns Bcw-`-n b-amb ]c-a-[m-a-n {]PvRm\ kzcq-]-\mb {_lva-tm- sImSp-n-p-v.

BWox {ipXw ta am {]lm-kox. At\-\m-[otX- \ m- tlm- c m- {Xm kwZ [man- E Xw hZn-j ym- an. kXyw hZn- j yman Xm- a - h - X p. XZz- m- c - a - h Xp AhXp ama-hXp hm-c-a-hXp hm-cw.

{]ivt\m-]-\n-jv

{]ivt\m-]-\n-jv AY-th-Z-n ]n-emZ imJbpsS {_mW `mK-n\n-p--Xm-Wv. Cu D]-\n-jn ]n-emZ aljn kptI-im-Zn-I-fmb Bdp aljnam-cpsS Bdp tNmZy-v {Ia-{]-Imcw Dcw ]d-bp-p. AXn-\m CXns t]cv {]ivt\m-]-\n-jv Fm-bnop.

kzkvXn\ \ Ct{m hr-{ihmx kzkvX n \x ]pjm hniz-thZm: kzkvXn \ kvXmtym Acn-jvS-t\an: kzkvXn t\m _rl-kv]XnZ-[m-Xp. Hmw imnx imnx imnx
Kpcp-Ip-e--fn Ay-b\w sNp injy-m XfpsS Kpcp-hn\pw kl-]m-Tn-Ipw XYm am\-h-k-aq-ln\pw awKfw Dm-Ip--Xn\mbn tZh-X-I-tfmSp {]mnp-p. ""tl tZh-m-tc, R R-fpsS ImXp-I-fn ip`aw-K-f-I-c--fmb hN-\ am{Xw tI-s. \n, Bt- ]w, Ak`yw AXp-t]mse ap ]m]- P-\n-X--fmb Imcy- Ch R-fpsS ImXp-I-fn ]Xn-m-Xn-cn--s.

imn-] mTw
Hmw `{Zw It`nx irWp-bma tZhm `{Zw ]tiytam `ncy-P{Xm:
nssc cMvssK-kvXpjvSp hmwk-kvX-\q-`n hytia tZh-lnXw bZmbp:

176

I R-fpsS kzw PohnXw `P-\]m-cm-b-Wm-Zn-I-fm kZm `K-hms Bcm-[-\-I-fn hym]r-X-am-bn-cn--s. I-fnqSn {ihn-p-I-am{Xw sNmsX t\{X sImpw R kZm awK- fs Zin--s. GsX-nepw Aaw-K-fIm-cntbm AYhm \mi-n- tebvp \on-sm-n-cn-ptXm Bb ImgvNIsf R-fpsS ZrjvSn BIjn-mXn-cn- -s. R-fpsS ico-cw, Hmtcm Ah-b- h-hpw, `K-hms\ kvXpXn-p-sIm-n-cn-p--Xn\p kpZr-Vhpw kp]p-jS-hp-amv bn-o-c-s. R-fpsS Bbqv t`mK-hn-em-k--fn apgpIn--gn-bm-Xn-cn-s; `K-hm\p {]tbm-P-\-s-Sp hn[-nep Bbpv Rp e`n--s. (tZ-h-I R-fpsS Hmtcm C{n-b--fnepw A[n-h-knv Ahsb kwc-n-pIbpw {]hn- n-p-Ibpw sNp-p. Ah-\p-Iq-e-ambn-cn-p--Xp-sImv R-fpsS C{n-b- kpK-a-ambn km- n XpSp-sIm- n- cn-p-p. AXp-sImv AhtcmSpw {]mn-p-Xv DNn-X-am-Ip-p) Fm Znp-I-fnepw kpb-itm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bhcmb tZh-cm-P C{, k-- \mb ]qjm-h,v Acn- jS- \n-hm-c-I- \mb Xmy (K- cp-U), v _pn-bpsS kzman-bmb _rl-k]Xn Ctlw Fm tZhv m-cp-tSbpw hn`q-Xn-bm-Ipp Ch kZm R-fpsS awKfs ]cnt]mjnn--s. Ch-cpsS Ir]-bm R-tfmsSm-p Fm Pohn-Ipw awKfw Dm-bn-sm-n-cn-s. Bym-n-Ihpw B[n-ssZ- hn-Ihpw B[n `uXn-Ihpw Bb Fm Xm]-pw imn-bp-m-Is!

2. Xml k Ejn-cp-hmN `qb Gh X]km {_ NtcyW {ibm kwh- cw kwh- yY bYmImaw {] i v\ m ] r - X bZn hn m- k ymax khwl thmh-yma CXn.

ta-d Bdp aljn-amcpw ]c-{_--] -c-amb Pnm- k- bm Xs-b-Sp- hXp Inv aljn ]nem-Z Ah-tcmSp ]dp \n X]-kzn-Ifm-W-tm. \n {_-N-cys ]men-p-sImp kmwtKm-]mw- K-thZhpw ]Tn-n-cn-p-p. Fn-cp-mepw Fs B{i-a-n hkn-p- sImv hopw Hcp kwh--c-mew {im-]qw {_-N-cys A\p-jvTn-p-sImv X]--cy-bn Ign-bphn. AXn-\p-tijw \n Fm-{K-ln-p-pthm AXv FtmSp tNmZn-p-sIm-p-I. \n tNmZn-p tNmZy F\n--dn-hp-Xm-sW-n \n-tlw \nv Fm-m-cy-fpw \mbn a\-n-em-I---hn[w ]d-pX-cmw. kw_w aljn-bpsS B-{]-Imcw Fm-hcpw {i, {_-N-cyw, X]ky Chsb hn[n-]qw \n-lnp-sImv Hcp kwh-cw AhnsS hkn-p.

3. AY I_o ImXym-b\ Dt]Xy ]{] `K-h ItXm l hm Camx {]Pmx {]Pm-b CXn.
]n-em-Za-ljn-bpsS B-{]-Imcw Ah {im]qw {_-Ncyw ]men-p-sImv AhsS X]-cy A\pjvTn-p-hm XpS-n. aljn-bpsS kwc-- W-bn kwba- tm-Sp-IqSn Pohnv Hcp hjw hsc Ah XymK- a-b-ambn PohnXw Ign-p. AXn-\p-tijw Ah-scmw hopw ]nemZ aljn-bpsS kao]w sNp. Ah- cn k- {]-Y- a\pw IXy-a-ljn-bpsS {]]u-{X-\p-amb I_n `n-tbmSpw hn\-b- tm- Spw- IqSn tNmZn-p. ""`K- h, bmsXm-n \npw Cu kq-N-cm-N-c-Po-hnI \m\m-cq-]-fn Dev]-am-bn-cn-p-pthm bmsXmv CXns kp\n-n-X-amb ]ca-Im-c-W-am-Ip-pthm AXv Fm-Ipp?

{]Y-a -{]iv \ w
1. Hmw kptIim N `mc-ZzmPx ssihyx kXy-Imax kucym-bWo N KmKyx Iuk-e y-m-iz-em-bt\m `mthm sshZ`nx I_o ImXym- b -\ kv tX ssltX {_-]cm {_-\njvTmx ]cw {_m-t\zjamWm Gj l ssh Xw hy-Xo-XntX l kan-Xv]m-Wtbm `K-hw ]n-em-Z-ap-]-kmx
HmwIm-c -kz-cq-]-amb kn-Zm-\-\vL-\-]-c-am- m-hns kvac-W-tbm-Sp-IqSn D]-\n-jv Bcw-`n-p-p. `c-Zzm-Ps ]p{X kptI-im, in_n-Ip-am-c kXy-Im-a, K-tKm-{Xn ]nd kucym-b-Wn, tImk-e-tZi \nhm-kn-bmb Biz-em-b-\, hnZ`-tZ-is `m-h, IXys {]]u{X I_n Ch {]kn--m-cm-Ip-p. Ch thZm-`ym-k]-cm-b-Wcpw {_-\njvT ({i-Z-[m-]qw thZm-\p-Iq-e-amb BN-c-Ww) \S-p--hcpw Bbn-cp-p. Hcn- Cu Bdp aljn-amcpw ]c-{_--]ctaiz-c-hn-j-b-Iamb Pnm-kbm Hn-p-]p-d-s-p. ]n-emZ aljnv Cu hnjbw \m-bn--dn-bm-sav Ah tIn- cp- p. AXn-\m "{_s kw_-nv \mw Adn-bp-hm-\m-{K-ln-p--sXmw Atlw \app ]d-p-Xcpw' Fp hnNm-cnv Ah Pnm-kp-fpsS thj-ne ssIbn kanpw FSpp ]n-emZ-a-ljn-bpsS ASp- sNp.

4. Xkvssa k tlmhmN {]Pm-Imtam ssh {]Pm] Xnx k Xt]mX]yX k X]-kvX]vXzm k anYp-\apXv ]mZ-b-tX. cbnw N {]mWw tNtXyXu ta _lp[m-{]Pmx Icn-jyX CXn.
I_-n- a-ljn- bpsS Cu tNmZyw {ihnv aljn ]nem-Z ]dp tl ImXym-b-\, AJne Pohn-I-fp-tSbpw kzman-bmb ]c-ta-iz-c\v krjvSn-bpsS Bcw- `-n {]Psb Dev]m-Zn-n-p-hm C-bp-m-b-tm Atlw kev] cq]-amb X]--\p-jvTn-p. Cu kwKXn thZ--fn {]kn-am-Wtm! X]-n\npw Atlw k-{]-Y-a-ambn cbnbpw {]mW-\pw, Ch cn-t\-bpw, Hcp tPmUn-bmbn krjvSn-p. AXns\ krjvSn--Xns Dtiw Ch cpwIqSntv F\n- p-thn \m\m-{]-Im-c - -fn-ep-ap

177

I krjvSn-Isf Dev]m-Zn-n-p--Xn-\m-bn-cp-p. Cu a{-n

kqcy-In-c-W--fp-ambn _-s-nv Ahbvp \ho-\-amb Fm-n\pw Poh {]Zm\w sNp-Xv GsXmcp ka-jSn- kv^pn e`y-am-Ip-p. AXp-t]mse Xs GsXmw kav Po-h- \-i-n-bm- Ip- pthm AXns\ ""{]mW'' F t]cn b--fn Fhn-sS-hn-sS-sbmw kqcy Xs {]Imiw ]chnfn-p- p. Cu Poh-\-i- n-bn\n-p-Xs {]Ir-Xn-bpsS p-pthm Ahn-S-hn-sS-bp Pohn-Iv kv^pn qe-kz-c q-]-n kakvX hkvX p--fnepw Poh, \In-s m-t-b n-c n- p- p. AXn-\ m kqcy Cu nXn Ch-bpsS bYm-tbm-Ky-am-bp kma-RvPkyw kw`- kakvX PK-n- tbpw {]mW-\mIpp. hn-p- I- bm qe-`qX kap-Zm- b- ns \maw "cbn' Fp 7. k Gj sshizm-\tcm hniz-cq]x {]mtWmncphnfn--s-p. AXp {]mW-cq-]-amb Poh-\-i-n-bm A\pZ-b-tX. XtZ-X-Zr-Nm-`yp-w. {]m-Wn- X-ambn Imcya- am-Ip-p. {]mW tNX-\-bm-Ip- p. Pohn-I-fpsS ico-cn nXn-sN-p sshizm-\-ccbn in-bpw BIr-Xnbpw BIp-p. {]mW-tbpw cbnP-T- cm-n-bm `Ww Zln-p-p. AXv kqcys Xs bp-tSbpw kwtbm-K-n \np Xs krjvSn-bpsS kakvX-Im-cy-fpw ]qn-bm--s-Sp-p. Ch-Xs A\y{X Awi-am-Ipp; AXn-\m kqcy Xs-bm-Ip-p. AXpt]mse {]mW, A]m-\, kam-\, hym\, DZm- \ Cu Anbpw tkma\pw F-t]-cn ]d-b-s-n-cn-p-p. Ap-cq-]--fnepw {]mW hn`--am-bn-cn-p-p. AXpw 5. BZntXym l ssh {]mtWm cbn-tch B DZ-b-kq-cys Awi-am-Wv. AXn-\m kqcy Xs N{am cbn BIpp Cu Imcyw Xs ASp EIvhmcm hy-am-s-Sp-p. hm GXXv kw bqw Nmaqw

N Xkvam-qn-tch cbnx
Cu a{- n {]mW-tbpw cbn-b p-tSbpw kzcq]s hnh-cn-p-p. ]n-em-Z ]dp Cu ImW-sSp kq-P-Kv {]mW\pw cbnbpw Fo cp-X-Xz-fp-tSbpw kwtbm-K-n \ntm kn-{i-W-n \ntm Dm-bn-cn-p-p. AXn-\m Chsb {]tXyIw {]tXyIw FSp-p-]-d-bp-hm km[y-a-. Fn-cp-mepw \mw {]Xy--am-bn-m-Wp Cu kqcyXs {]mW-\mIp-p. Fm CXns AJn-e-n\pw Poh {]Zm\w sNp tNX-\m-i-n-bpsS {][m-\-Xbpw A[n-IXbpw nXn-sN-p-p. Cu kqcy B kqva-Po-h\-in- bpsS L\o-`q- X-amb kzcq-]- am-Ip-p. AXp-t]m-se- Xs Cu N{ cbn-bm-Ip-p. Fp-sIm-s-m CXn qe-X-Xz-sf ]pjvS n-s-Sp-p `qX-X-m-{X-I-fpsS B[nIyw \ne-\np-p. kakvX Pohn-I-fp-tSbpw qei-co-c--fpsS t]mjWw Cu N{s inb {]m]n-np kw`-hn-p-p. \psS ico-c-n Ch cn-tbpw inI {]tXyIw AwK-{]-Xyw-K--fn hym]vX-am-bn-cn-p-p. Ah-bn Poh\ inbp-am-bp kw_w kqcy-\n \npw amwkw, taZv apX-e mb qe-X -X z- -f psS kw_w N{-\n \np-am-Ip-p.

8. hniz-cq]w lcnWw PmX-th-Zkw ]cm-bWw tPymXn-tcIw X]w kl-{k-civanx iX[m h-am\x {]mWx {]Pm-\ m-ap-Z-b-tXyj kqcyx.
Cu IncW Pme- - f m aWv U n- X hpw {]Im- i ]qhpw X]n-p-sIm-n-cn-p--Xp-amb kqcy hnizns kakvX cq]--fp-tSbpw tI{-am-sWv AXns XXzw Adn-bp--h ]d-bp-p. Fm cq]-fpw (\n-dhpw BIr-Xn-bpw) kqcy-\n\npw D-hn-p-Ibpw {]Im-inp-Ibpw sNp-p. Cu kqcyXs AJn-e-n-tbpw D]-n-m-\hpw Poh tPymXn-ns aqe-t{km-Xpw BIp-p. CXp k-hpw km-[m-chpw BIp-p. sshizm-\-cm-KX\n {]mW-i-n-bpsS cq]-n Fm-bnv Spw hym]n-n-cn-p-Ibpw Fm-n-t\bpw hln-p-sImn-cn-p-Ibpw sNp-p. kakvX PK-n- tbpw {]mWcq]w kqcy Xs-bm-Wv. CXn\p Xpey-ambn Cu PKn ap bmsXmcp Poh-\-i-nbpw C. Cu kl-{k-Inc- W-\mb kqcy \psS Fm {]h-\-- fp-tSbpw XpSw-Ip-dn-p-sImv DZn-p-p. {]]--n NqSpw {]Imihpw ]c-p-I, AJn- e-n\pw Poh- \- in {]Zm\w sNpI, EXp-sf ]cn-h-\-s-Sp-pI apX-embn \psS AkwJyw Bh-iy-sf ]qo-Icn-p-sImv Fm krjvSn-I-fp-tSbpw Poh-Zm-Xm-hmb {]mWXs kqcys cq]-n DZn-p-sIm-n-cn-p-p. kw_w k-i-n-am-\mb ]c-{_ ]c-ta-iz-c-\n \np-Xs At-l-ns kev]w hgn {]mW-tbpw cbn-bp-tSbpw kwtbm-K-n\npw Cu {]]--ns Dev]n apX-em-bh kw`-hnp Fv ImXym-b-\ I_n-bpsS tNmZy-n\p kwt-]ambn Dcw ]d-p. C\n Cu {]mW-i-n-bp-tSbpw cbn-i-n-bp-tSbpw kw_-

6. AYm-ZnXy DZ-bbXv {]mNow Zniw {]hn-i-XntX\ {]mNym {]mWm civanjp kn-[ -t. b- nWmw bXv {]XoNow bZp- Z oNow bZt[m bZq[zw bZ- -c m-Zntim bw {]Im-i -b Xn tX\ khm {]mWm civanjp kn-[-t.
Cu a{-n Fm Pohn-Ifn-ep-ap Poh\ intbmSv kqcy-\p kw_-s ImWn-p-p. cm{Xn-ptijw kqcy ]q-Zn-n DZnv Xs {]Imiw hym]nn- p-tm Ahn- sS-bp Pohn-I-fpsS {]mWs\ Xs IncW--fm [cn-p-p. AXm-bXv Ah-bpsS Poh\ in

178

I -tm-Sp-IqSn ]c-ta-iz-cs\ D]m-kn-m-\p coXn-Ifpw

D]-cyp kIm-tam-]m-k-I-m-cn\npw `n-ambn AXns ^e-fpw ]d- bp- - Xn- \p- thn ASp {]I-cWw Ieym-W-Im-an-I-fm-bn-p km[-I-m Cu kmwkm-cn-I-t`mBcw-`n-pp K--fpsS A\n-Xy-X- tbbpw ZpxJ-kz-cq-]-tbpw a\-n-emn-bnv Ah-bn \npw XnIpw hnc--cm-bn-o-cp-p. 9. kwh- tcm ssh {]Pm- ] - X n- k v X - k ym- b t\ Ah {i-tbm-Sp-IqSn XymK-a-bamb PohnXw \bn-pZnWw tNmcw N. XtZy l ssh XZn-jvSmIbpw Bym-nI hnZy-h-gn-bm-bn, AXm-bXv ]c-am-]qt IrX- an-X yp-] m- k tX tX Nm{- a- k - tah {]m]vXn e`y-am-p--Xn-\\p-Iq-e-amb GsX-nepw km[\temI-a-`n-P-b-t. X Gh ]p\-cm-ht Xkvamh-gn-bm-bn, AJn-e-n-tbpw B-kz-cq-]amb ]c-{_-tZX Ejbx {]Pm-Imam ZnWw {]Xn-]-Zyt Gj ]p-cp-tjm- -as\ \njvm-a- ambn D]m-kn-p-p. CXp kwhl ssh cbnbx ]nXr-bm-Wx. -c-cq-]-am-Ip {]Pm-]-Xn-bpsS D-cmw- K-ns D]m-kCu a{-n kwh--cs ]c-am-m-hns {]Xo- \-X-s-bm-Ip-p. CXns\ Cutimhm-tkym-]-\n-j n I- am-n- bnv AXns AwK-cq- ]-c-bn- m- \ob t`mKy-]-Zm- kw`q-Xn-bpsS D]m-k-\sbp ]d-n-cn-p-p. CXns -fpsS Dt-i-tm-Sp-IqSn \S--s-Sp D]m-k-\bpw D]m-k -I D-cm-b -W -am- nqSn kqcy-tem-I AXns ^ehpw ]d-bp-p. `mhw Fs-m, ]{-p- nsNp kqcys B-kz-cq-]-amb ]c-{_--]-c-ta-izam-k--tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb kwh--c-cq-]-am-Ip Imew Xs. cs\ {]m]n-p-p. kakvX PK-n-tbpw {]mW-tI{w krjvSn-bpsS kzman-bmb ]c-ta-iz-cs kzcq-]-am-Ip-p. Cu kqcyX-s- bm-Ip-p. CXp-Xs Aa-c-Xzhpw AhnCXn\v cv Ab-\--fpv; Zn-Whpw D-c-hpw. Zn- \m-inbpw \n`-b-]-Zhpw BIpp; CXp-Xs ]c-a-K-Xn-bmWm-b-\nse Bdp amk--fn kqcy sXtm-mbn Ip-p. CXns\ {]m]n-p alm-m- aS-n-h-cp-n-. AXns Zn-Wmw-K-sa--t]mse Id-p-p. D-cm-b-\- CXv ]q-P-s XS-bp BXy-n-I-{]-f-bam-Wv. Cu nse Bdp- am- k- AXns D- cmw-K-hp-am-Ip- p. Ah- a{-n kqcys\ ]c-ta-iz-cs kzcq-]-am-bw-Ko-I-cn-pbn D{XmwKw {]mW-\m-Ipp; AXv Cu hniz-ns sIm-p-Xs D]-cyp--a-lna ]d-bs-n-cn-p-p. CtX B-kz-cq-]-amb B ]ctaizcs km-- cym-an-kz-cq-]- kwKXn Xs ASp a{-n Hp-IqSn kv]jvS-amam-W.v Zn- WmwKw cbn AXm-bXv AXns _mly-t`m-Ky- p-p. kz-cq-]-am-Ip-p. Cu temI-n km-t\-Nvip--fmb 11. ]-]mZw ]nXcw ZzmZimIrXnw Znh Blpx ]tc Ejn-I kzmZn kmwkm-cn-I-t`m-K--fn Bk--cm-bnAt ]pco-jn-Ww. AtXta A\y D ]tc hnNcn-p-p. Ah bm-Zn-I hgn-bmbn tZh-X-Isf ]qPnWw k]vXNt{I jUtc Blp-cn-Xan-Xn. p- I , {_m- W mZn t{ijv T mp [\m- Z n- I - f m kmcw \S-p-I, ZpxJn- Xp tkh\w A\p-jvTn-pI ]c-{_ ]c-ta-iz-c s ZrjvSn-tKm-N-c-cq-]-amb Cu apX-em-b- hbpw AXp- t]mse Ipfw, InW, ]qtm-w, Bip- kqcy\v Ap-]m-Z--fp-sv F{Xtbm XXz-th-m- ]-{Xn, A\m-Ym-ebw, ]pkvX-Im-ebw apX- embn temtIm-]- ]d-bp-p. AXm-bXv Bcp EXp--fn \npw tla-hpw Im-c-{]-Z-- fmb Nnc-mbn kvamc-I- m]n-pI apX- inin-chpw Cu cv EXp-sf Hm-n-bnv ]-EXpemb [mn-I-Ir-Xy-sf X-fpsS DIrjv-S-I-hy- sf Ah Cu kqcys Ap-N-c-W--fmbn hnh-n-fm-bn--cp-Xp-p. X^-eambn Cu temI-nepw ]c- p- p. AXp-t]mse ]{- p-am-k-sf CXns ]{- mtem-In-epap t`mK-sf Dt-inv Ch-bpsS D]m-k-\- Ir-Xn-Ifmbpw AXm-bXv ]{p ico-c-ambpw ]d-bp-p. Isf A\p-jvTn-p-Ibpw sNp-p. CXv B kwh--c-cq- CXns m\w kz-tem-I-nepw D-X-am-Ip-p. kz]-\mb ]c-ta-iz-cs Zn-Wmw-Ks Dt-inp D]m-k- temIw t]mepw CXns {]Im-iw- sImp tim`n- p-p. Cu \-bm-Ip-p. CXn-s\-s Cuim-hm-tkym-]-\n- j-n temI- n hjn- -s -S p Pe- ns Dn Akw-`q-Xn-bpsS D]m-k\m \ma-n tZhI, ]nXr-, CXn\n-p-X-s- bm-Ip-p. AXn-\m AJn-e-n\pw Pea\p-jy BZn-bmb ico-c- -fpsS tkh-ambn ]d-bs-n-cn- cq- ]-Po-h {]Zm\w sNp- -Xp-sImv CXv Fmhcp-tSbpw p-p. CXns {]`m-h-m Ah N{-temIw {]m]n-p- ]nXm-hm-bn-cn-p-p. ap m\n-I-fm-bp--h ]d-bp--X,v Ibpw AhnsS Ah X- fpsS I-^-e A\p-`hn- Nphp a apX-embn k]vX-h-In-c-W-bp-hpw XYm np hopw Cu temI-n-tep Xncn-p-h-cn-Ibpw sNp- hk-m-Zn-I-fmb Bdv EXp--fp-tSbpw tlXp `qX-hp-amb p. CXp Xs ]nXr-bm-W-amw BIp-p. Cu hnip--{]-Im-i-a-bamb kqcy-a-WvU-e-n Ggp N{I-fpw Bdv Bc-m-ep-Ifp-ap cY-n nXn10. AtYm--tcyW X]km {_-N-tcyW {i sN-p-p. CXns B kzcq] Fm-hpw \m-b-dnbm hnZymbmm\-a-\zn-jym-Zn-Xy-a-`n-P-b-t. GX- bm-hp k--\mb ]c-ta-iz-c, Xs D]m-ky-\m-IpssZz-{]m-Wm-\m-am-b-X-\-ta-XZ-ar-X-a-`b-ta-XXv ]cm-b- p. \psS qe-t\-{X-v ImW-s-Sp kqcy-aW-ta-X-kvam ]p\-cm-h CtXyj \ntcm-[- WvUew AXns ico-c-am-Ip-p. AXn-\m CXv AXns kvXtZj tmIx. Xs-bmb aln-a-bm-Ip-p.

179

I 12. amtkm ssh {]Pm-]-Xn-kvXky IrjvW-]


Gh-cbnx ipIvfx {]mW-kvX-kvam-tZX Ejbx ip CjvSw Iph-o-Xc CX-c-kvan.
Cu a{-n amk-p {]Pm-]Xn ]c-ta-iz-cs cq]w sImSp-np I- hgn AXns\ D]m-kn-p-Xn\p clkyw ]d-b-s-n- cn-p-p. Hmtcm amkhpw {]Pm]-Xn-sb-tmse Fp `mhn-p-p. AXn IrjvW-]-nse ]Xn-\- p-Zn-h-k- B ]c-am-m-hns Zn-WmwK- am-Wv. CXn- s\- Xn-cmbn (q-e-`q-XkapZm-b-ns ImcWw Fp a\-n-em--Ww. CXv B ]c-ta-iz-cs in- kz-cq]-amb t`mK-ab cq]-am-Ip-p. C\n ip-]--nse ]Xn\p Znh-k- D-cmw-K-am-Wv. CXp-Xs {]mW-\m-Ipp. Fm-n\pw Poh{]-Zm\w sNp ]c-am-m-hns km--cy-an-bmb Ejn-bm-bn-c n- p- pthm AXm-b Xv bmsXmcp cbn m\ob t`mK-hkvXp--fn\npw hnc--\m-bnv {]mW-m-\ob km cq]-amb ]c-{_s B{K- ln- p- pthm Ah Xs kakvX ip`- Isf ip-]--n A\p-jTn-pp; AXm-bXv ip-]v - m-\o-b-\mb {]mWm-[mc ]c-{_--]-c-ta-iz-c -\mbn AWw sNp-p. kzbw AXns bmsXm-cp-^-ehpw Cn-p-n-. Ch-bn\npw hn`n--ambn t`mKm-k--cmbn-p--h IrjvW-]n AXm-bXv IrjvW] m\o-b-amb qe-]-Zm--fpsS {]m]vXn-p-thn Fm-hn[ I-fpw A\p-jTn-p-p. v

]I kv{XokwKw \S-m-Xn-cn-p--Xn\pw hnln-X-amb cm{Xn-Im-e-fn imkv{Xm-\p-k-cWw \nb-an- Xhpw kwban-Xhpw Bb cq]-n km-t\m-ev]m-Z-t\--tbm-Sp-IqSn am{Xw kv{Xo kl-hmkw sNp--Xn\pw D]-tZ-in--s-ncn-p-p. Atm Ah\p {_-Nm-cn-I-fpsS KW-\-bn hcp-hm Ign-bp-p.

14. Aw ssh {]Pm-]-Xn-kvXtXm l ssh Xt{ZX kvXkvam-Znax {]Pmx {]Pm-b CXn.


Cu a{-n As (`--Ww) {]Pm-]-Xn-bpsS cq]-n hn`m-h\w sNbvXnv AXns aln- asb ]d-bpp AJne Poh-Pm-e--fp-tSbpw Blm-c-cq-]amb Aw Xs {] Pm- ] - X n - b m- I p- p. F p- s Im- s - m CXn\npw hocy-ap-m-Ip-Ibpw B hocy-n\npw kakvX Pohn-Ifpw D-hn-p-Ibpw sNp-p. Cm-c-Wm Cu A- tbpw {]Pm-]-Xn-sbp KWn-p-p. kw_w C\n t\cs ]d-n-p cp {]Im-c-fn-ep-ap km[-Im-scbpw tbmPnnp {]tXyIw {]tXyIw ^e-sf hn-pp

15. XtZy l ssh XXv{]-Pm-]-Xn-{hXw cNn tX anYp-\-ap-Xv]m-Z-b-t. tXjm-ta-sshj {_-tem-tImtbjmw Xt]m {_-Ncyw tbjp kXyw {]Xn-jvTnXw.

bmsXm-cp- km-t\mn cq]-amb {]Pm]XnbpsS {hXw A\p-jTn-p-pthm AXm-bXv kzm-Znv tem-I--fnse t`mK- {]m- Xn- p- thn imkv{X-hn-ln-X- -fmb I-sf BN-cn-p-sImv \nb-am-\p-krXw kv{XokwKw apX-emb t`mK-sf D]-t`m-Kn-p-p-hthm Ah ]p{Xmtcbpw ]p{Xn-I-tfbpw Dev]m-Zn-np {]P-Isf hn-nCu a{-n cm{Xn-bp-tSbpw ]I-en-tbpw cq]-amb p-p. bmsXm-cp- CXn\npw `n-\m-bn-cn-pCcp-]- n- \mep aWn-q Ime- cq- ]-n ]c-ta-iz-cs cq]pthm bmsXm-cp--\n {_-N-cyhpw X]pw \nd-nI-ev]\ \S-n-bnv Poh-t\m-]-tbm-Kn-bmb I--fpsS cn-p-pthm bmsXm-cp-s PohnXw kXy-a-bhpw XYm clkyw {Kln---s-Sp-p. Cu cmhpw ]Iepw IqSn-t-cpkXy-kz-cq-]-\mb ]c-ta-iz-cs\ Xs lrZ-b-n \nXy Xp ]c-ta-iz-cs ]q-cq-]-sa-mWp `mhw. Znhkw hpw nX- \mbn Ip-sIm-n-cn-p-pthm Ah-\p-am{Xw AJn-e-n\pw Poh {]Zm-\w-sN-p At-l-ns B {_-temIw (]-c- a-]-Zw, ]c-a- K-Xn) e`n-pp; ampw {]Im-i-ab hnip--cq-]hpw cm{Xn t`mK-cq-]-amb cbnbpw e`n- p-n-. BIp-p. AXp-Im-cWw bmsXm-cp- ]Ik-abw kv{XokwKw sNp- pthm AXm-b Xv ]c-a m- m-hns 16. tXjm-aku hnctPm {_-temtIm \ tbjp hnip kzcq-]s {]m]n-p--Xn-\p C-tbmSp IqSn Pn-a-\rXw \ ambm tNXn. {]Im-i-a-b-amb am-nqSn Nen-p-hm Bcw-`nbmsXm-cp--\n IpSn-eX eh-teiw t]mep-an-m-Xn-cnnpw kv{XokwKw apX-emb t`mK-hn-em-k--fn Bk-- p-pthm bmsXm-cp- kz]v\-nt]mepw anYym-`m\m-bn-cn-p-pthm Ah Xs ey-n-se-msX Cu jWw sNm-Xn-cn-p-Ibpw Ak-Xy-a-b-amb BN-c-W-Aaqey Pohn-X t hy-ambn \jvS-s -S p-p-p. fn \nv AI-p-\np-Ibpw sNp-pthm bmsXm-cpCXn\npw `n-ambn bmsXm-cp- kmwkm-cn-Iamb -\n cmK-tZz-jm-Zn-hn-Imc kYm Cm-Xn-cn-pDXn B{K-ln- p-pthm Ah imkv{X \nb-aa\pk- cnv pthm bmsXm-cp- Fm-{]-Im-c-n-ep-ap h-\, EXp- I m- e - n cm{Xn- k - a bw \nb- a m- \ p- k r- X - a mbn Im]Syw XpSnb-h-bn \np cln-X-\m-bn-cn-p-pthm kv{XokwKw \S-pp Fn Ah imkv{X-ns Ah-\p-am{Xw B hnIm-c-c-ln-X-amb {_-temIw e`n-pB-I ]men-p--Xp-sImv {_-Nm-cnp Xpey-\m- p. CXn\p hn]-co-X-amb e-W--tfm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-hv bn-o-cp-p. Cu a{-n Krl--m Hcn-epw AXp e`n-p-n-.

13. Atlm-cmt{Xm ssh {]Pm-]-Xn-kvXkym-l -tch {]mtWm cm{Xn-tch cbnx {]mWw hm GtX {]kv-ntb Znhm cXym kwbp-Pyt {_-N-cy-tah XZzm-{Zm{Xu cXym kwPy-t.

180

I ZznXo-b -{]iv\w
1. AY ssl\w `mthm sshZ`nx ]{]-. `Kh ItXyh tZhmx {]Pmw hn[m-c -b t IXc GXXv {]Im-i-bt Ix ]p\-tcjmw hcnjvT CXn.
Cu a{-n `m-h-a-ljn ]n-em-Zt\mSv aqp kwK-Xn-I tNmZn-p-p. 1. Poho-I-fpsS ico-cs hlnp-sIm-n-cn-p-Xv BsI F{X tZh-X-I-fmWv? 2. Ahbn GsXmw CXns\ {]Im-in-n-pp? 3. Chcn AXyw t{ijvT-\m-bn-p-Xv Bcv?

4. tkm`nam- \ -Zq[z-a p-X v{I-aX Ch Xkvan- pXv {Ima-Xy-tY-Xtc kh Gthm-Xv{Im-at Xkvanw {]Xn-j vT-a mt\ k Gh {]mXn-jvT-t. XZyYm anIm a[p-I-c-cm-Pm-\-ap-Xv{Im-aw khm GthmXv{Im-a Xkva nw {]Xn-jvT -amt\ khm Gh {]mXn-jvT Ghw hmMva-\-px t{im{Xw N tX {]oXmx {]mWw kvXp\z-n.

Atm Ahsc Xs {]`mhw ImWnv HXp-p--Xn\p- thn k- t{i- jvT-\mb {]mW A`n- am-\-n\p apdnhp Xn-b-Xp-sImv cpjvS-\mbn ico-c-n \npw shfn-bn 2. Xkv s sa k tlmhm-N m- I mtim l hm Gj t]mIp--Xn\p apIfnte-bvp-b-cp-hm XpS-n. Fm-tZ-htZthm hmbp-c - n-c m]x ]rYznho hmMva -\-px X-Ifpw hnh-i-cmbn {]mW-t\m-sSmp she-bn-tev Cdt{im{Xw N, tX {]Im-iy-`n-h-Zn hb-ta-XZv_m-W- p- hm-\m-cw- `n-p. Hn\pw nc- ambn \ne- \n-evp-hm Igna-hjvS`y hn[m-c-bmax. n-. {]mW kzm-\v nc-ambn \n-tm apC{]-Im-c-ap `m-hs tNmZy-n\p aljn-]n--em- -hpw nc-ambn \np-hm Ign-p. tX\o--IZ adp-]Sn ]d-p. ChnsS cp {]iv\-fpsS Dcw fpsS cmn kzm\w hnp ]d- p-t]m- Iptm ap tX\oHm-bn-sIm-Sp-p-p. Atlw ]dpx AJn-e-n-tbpw Ifpw ]dp t]mIp-Ibpw Xncnp hn-cn-p-tm apB[mcw BIm-i-cq-]-am-I tZh-\m-Wv. AXn\npw - h bpw hn- c n- p- I bpw sNp- -X p-t]m-s e-b p DXv`hn hmbp, An, Pew, ]rYzn Cu \mep alm-`q-X- Ah Cu tZh-X-Ipw kw`-hn-p. CXp-Ip hmWn, fpw ico-cs hln-p-sIm-n-cn-p-p. Cu qe-i- Npv, t{im{Xw BZn-bmb Fm C{n-b-pw a\v cocw Ch-bn\n-p-m-bn-p--Xm-Ip-p. AXn-\m Ch apX-emb Ax-I-c-W-pw X- fn Ghpw t{ijvT [mc-I-tZ- h-X-I- fm-bn- cn-p-p. hmWn apX-emb Ap-It- {]mW-\m-sWp hnizmkw hp. AXn-\m Ah-scmw {n-b-fpw t\{Xw, t{im{Xw BZn-bmb Ap mt\- {]k--cmbn hnhn-[-co-Xn-Ifn {]mWs\ kvXpXn-p-hm XpS-n. {n-b-fpw AXp-t]mse a\v XpS-n-bmb \me-x-IcW-fpw Cu ]Xn-\mep tZh-X-I ico-cs {]Im-in-n- kw_w {]mW-s\- s ]c-{_ ]c-ta- iz- cs kzcqp--h-cm-Ip-p. Cu tZh-X-I ico-cs hln-p-Ibpw ]-sap IcpXn D]m-kn-p--Xn\v AXns km cq]{]Im-in-n-p-Ibpw sNp-p. CXp-sImv Ch [mc-I- tm-Sp-Iq-Snb al-Xzs hnh-cn-p-p. mcpw {]Im-i-I-m-cp-amb tZh-XI Fp hnfn--s-Sp5 . G tj m Kv\ n k vX ] - t X yj k qc y G j p. Ch Cu tZls {]Im-in-n-p-sImv ]c-k]cw v ]t\ym aL-hm-t\jp hmbpx Ie-ln-p-I-bpw. ""\mw Cu ico-cn\v B{ibw \In \ne-\npp'' Fv Al-m-c-]qw ]c-kv]cw ]d-bp- Gj ]rYzn-h-c-bnthx kZ-k-m-arXw N bXv. Ibpw sNp-p. hmWn apX-emb Fm tZh-XIfpw kvXpXn-p-sImp ]dp Cu {]mWXs An-cq]w [cnp Pzen-pp. CXp-Xs kqcy-\m-Ip-p. CXp-Xs taLhpw; CXpXs C{\pw hmbphpw; CXp-Xs tZh\pw ]rYznbpw cbnbpw (`q-X -k-ap-Zm-bw) BIp-p. AXp-t]m-se-Xs C{]- Imcw kq alm-`q- X- , C{n- b-fpw Ax- kpw Akpw BIp-p. Ch-sb-m-nepw t{ijvTI-c-W-cq-]hp-amb tZh-X-I ]c-kv]cw hmZ-{]-Xn-hmZw \S- \mb Aa-c-kz-cq-] ]c-am-mhpw Cu {]mWX-s-bmn-b -tm, k-t{i-jvT -\ mb {]mW Ah-tcmSp Ip-p. ]dp ""\n Adn-hn-m- - h- tc- tmse C{]-Imcw hmZ{]- Xn-hmZw \S-m-Xn- cn-q. \n Bcnepw Cu ico- cs 6. Acm Ch cY-\m`u {]mtW khw {]Xn-jvTnXw! hln-p--Xnt\m kpc-n-X-ambn \ne \np--Xnt\m EtNm bPpwjn kmam\n bx-{Xw {_ N. D in-bn-. Rm Fss ({]m-W, A]m-\, F{]-Imcw cY-N-{I-ns IpS-n LSn-n-n-cn-p kam-\, hym\, DZm-\) Ambn hn`-Pnv B{ibw Imep-I B IpS-s-s B{i-bn-n-cn-p-pthm \In CXns\ hln-p-sIm-n-cn-pp; Fms A{]-Imcw Xs EtKz- Zw, bPpthZw Ch- bnse Fm a{CXv kpc-n-X -ambn \ne-\np-p.'' {]mWs Cu fpw kma-thZw apgp-h\pw Ah hgn-bmbn \S--s-Sp hmpI tInv B tZh-X-I AXp hniz-kn-n-. Ah bmZn ip`-I- fpw B I- \S-p {_mAhn-izm-knIfmbn-s Ign-p. W, {Xn-b apX-emb A[n-Im-cn-h-fpw Ch-sbmw

3. Xmh-cnjvTx {]mW Dhm-N. am taml-am-]-ZyYm lta-ssh-X -Xv ]-[mm\w {]hn-` -s sPy-X-Zv_ mW-a-hjvS`y hn[m-c-bm-aoXn tX{i[m\m _`phpx

181

I {]mWs B[m-c-n Dd-p-\np-p. Fm-n-tbpw


B{ibw {]mWX-s-bm-Ip-p. kw_w C{]-Imcw {]mWs alXzw ]d-nv C\n AXns\ kvXpXn-pp

7. {]Pm-]-Xn-ckn Kt` Xztah {]Xn-Pm-b-tk. Xp`yw {]mW {]Pm-kvXznam _enw lcn bx {]mssWx {]Xn-Xn-jvTkn

tl {]mW, \o Xs {]Pm-]Xn (Po-hn-I-fpsS Cuizc) BIp-p. K`-n {]th-inv amXm-]n-Xm--\pcq-]-amb km-\-cq-]-n P-sa-Sp-p-Xpw \o Xs. Fm Pohn- Ifpw \n\-p- Xs ImgvN-k- an-p-p. \ns Xr]vXn-p-th-n-s `Ww Ign-pp Fp `mhn- 12. bm tX X\qhmNn {]Xn-jvTnXm bm t{imt{X bm N Npjn p-p. \oXs A]m-\mZn Fm {]mWn-I-tfmSpw IqSn Fm-h-c p-tSbpw ico-c -n nXn-sN-bvXp-sIm-n-cnbm N a\kn kXm inhmw Xmw p-p. Ipcp tamXv{Iaox

tl {]mW! kwkvm-c-c-ln-X- \m-bn-cp-npw k-t{ijvS-\mb Ejn-bm-Ip-p. \o kzm`m-hn-I-ambn ip Xs. AXn-\m \n\pw kwkvm-cw-h-gn-bm-bp ipn-bpsS Bh-iyta C. {]XypX \o Xs AJn- e-tbpw ]hn-{XoI-cn- p GI- am-{X\pw k- t{i- jvT- \p- amb aljn Fp Xm-cyw. R (Fm C{n-b- a\v XpS-n-b-h) \n\-m-bn-smv \m\m-{]-Im-c-n-ep t`mPy-]-Zm AWw sNp--hcpw \o Ahsb `pPn-p--h\pw BIp-p. \o Xs AJne {_m-WU-n-tbpw D-av \mb kzman. BIm-i-Nm-cnbpw ka-jvSn-hm-bp-hkz-cq-]-\pamb {]mW, \o R-fpsS ]nXm- hm- Ip- p. Fp-sIm-sm \nn\n-p-Xs R-sfmw D-hn-n-cn-p-p.

8. tZhm-\m-akn hn-Xax ]nXrWmw {]Y-am-kz-[m. EjoWmw NcnXw kXy-a-YmMvKnc-km-a-kn.


tl {]mW, tZhIpthn lhnv Fn-p-sImSp- p D-a-amb An \o Xs-bm-Ip- p. ]nXrp BZy- {im- hpw \oX-s. AYmw- Kn-cp apXemb aljn-am-cm BN-cn-X-amb kXyhpw \oX-s-bmIp-p.

tl {]mW! \ns bmsXmcp kzcq]w hmWn, t{im{Xw, Npv apX-emb ka-kvtX-{nbfnepw a\v apX-emb Ax-I-c-W--fpsS hrn-I-fnepw hym]n-n-cn-p-pthm AXns\ \o awK-f-a-b-am-n-ot-W-ta. AXm-bXv \nn bmsXmv Rp {im-e p--fm-bn-cn- p-h m Bthiw \Intbm AXns\ \o im- am-n-bm-epw. \o ico-cn \npw Dbp shfn-bn t]mIm-Xn-cn-q. CXp R-fpsS {]m-\-bm-Ip-p.

9. C{kvXzw {]mW tXPkm cpt{Zmkn ]cn-c- nXm Xza--cnt Nckn kqcykvXzw tPymXn-jmw-] -X n.
tl {]mW! \o Fm hn[-n-epap tXP-tm-Sp-IqSnb (i-n) {XntemI kzman-bmb C{-\m-Ip-p. \o Xs {]f-b-Im-e-n Fmnt\bpw kwl-cn-p cp{Z\pw Fm-n- t\bpw bYm-tbmKyw kwc-n-p--h\pw BIp-p. A-co- -n hnl-cn-p hmbphpw AXp-t]mse An, N{, \-{X- apX-emb tPymXnK-W--fpsS kzman-bmb kqcy\pw \oX- s-bm-Ip-p.

13. {]mW-tkyZw hti khw {XnZnth bXv{]-Xn-j vTnXw amtXh ]p{Xm ckz {io {]mw N hnt[ ln \ CXn.
F{Xtbm hkvXp- kz- nepw `qan- bnepw kv]jvSambn ImW-s-Sp-p. Ah-sb-mw-Xs Cu Pohn-I[o- \-am-bn- cn-p-p. CsXmw Nnnv C{mZn tZh- m Ahkm\w {]mW-t\mSp {]mn-pp ""tl {]mW, Hcp amXmhp Xs Ipns\ F{]-Imcw kwc-n-ppthm AtX-{]-Imcw \o Rsf cn-p-Ibpw Rv sFiz-cyhpw Imnbpw AXm-bXv {]h-\-i-nbpw m\hpw {]Zm\w sNp-Ibpw sN-tW. C{]-Imcw Cu {]I-c-W-n `mh aljn-bpsS aqp tNmZy- pw adp-] -Sn-b mbn ]n-em-Z-a-ljn kakvX Pohn-Ipw ico-c-pw kzmyw \In B-c-ambpw _mly-ambpw \ne-\np-Xv BIm-i-X-Xzam-Ipp F Imcyw Ahsc {Kln-n- p. AtXm-Sp- IqSn icocm-hbhsf ]qo-I-cn-p-Xp hmbp, An, Pew, `qan Fn-s\ \mep XXz-- fm-Ip-p. ]v C{n- b-fpw Ax- I - c -W hpw Cu XXz- v {]Imiw \In {]h\ k-am- p-- h-bm- W.v Ch-bn-semw t{ijvSbam-bn-p-Xp {]mW BIp- p. AXn-\m {]mW Xs

10. bZm Xza-`n-hjkytYamx {]mW tX {]Pmx B\- -cq-]m-kvXn-j vTn Imam-bm- w-`-hn-jy-Xo-Xn.
tl {]mW! \o taL-cq-]-ambn ]rYzn-bn Fm-bnSpw ag-s]-n-p- tm \ns Cu {]P-I- sfmw ""\psS Pohn-X-\n-l-W-n\p [mcmfw [m\yw Dev]-amIpw'' Fp Bi-bn B\ \na--cm-bn-o-cp-p.

11. {hmXykvXzw {]mssW-Ijn-cm hnizky kXv]Xnx hb-am-Zyky ZmXm-cx-]n-XmXzw amX-cniz \x

182

I hmkvX-hn Cu ico-cs hln-p-sIm-n-cn-p-p. -

{]mW ]c-am-m-hn \npw D-hn-n-p--Xm-Ip-p. B {]mW- s\- q- SmsX Cu ico-cs hln-p--Xn-\p in ]c-{_ ]c-ta-iz-cXs D]m-Zm-\-Im-c-Whpw Ah asm-n\pw Xs-bn-. asm C{n-bm-Zn-I-fnepw CXns Xs CXns cN-bn-Xmhpw BIp-p. AXn-\m CXns Xs in A\p-kyqXw {]h-ln-p-sIm-n-cn-p-p. nXn B alm-m-hmb ]c-ta-iz-c\v A[o-\-am-Ip-p. a\pCXns Xs in e`n-nv Ah ico-cs hln-p-sIm- jys Omb Ah--[o-\-am-bn-cn-p--Xp-t]m-se-X-s- bmn-cn-p- p. Wn-Xv. CXm-Ipp BZys {]iv\ns D-cw. C\n cm-as tNmZy-ns Dcw a\-p-hgn kw`-hnp k-e]-n\npw {]mW ico-c-n {]th-inv XrXo- b -{]iv\ w p-p. acn-p kabw Pohn-I-fpsS a\-n AXns 1. AY ssl\w Iuk-eymizem-b\x ]{] `K- I-a-\p-k-cn-p Fsmw k-ev]--fptm Ah\v h IpX Gj {]mtWm PmbtX IY- am- b m-X y- A-s \-X -s -b p icocw e`n- p- p. AXn-\ m kvan icoc Bm\w hm {]hn-`Py IYw {]mXn- {]mWs ico-cn-te-p {]th-i\w a\-ns kev]-n\n-p-m-Ip-p. jvTtX tIt\m-Xv{I-atX IYw _mly-a-`n-[t IYa-ym- -an-X n. kw_w C\n Biz-em-b-\s aqm-as tNmZy-nCu a{- n Biz- em-b\ ap\n ]n-em-Z-a-ljn- tbmSv \p adp-]Sn Bcw-`n-p-p. BsI Bdp kwK-Xn-I tNmZn-p-p. 1. Ap hn {]mW Bcn\npw D- hnp? 2. AXv Cu a\p-jy-i-co-c-n Fs\ {]th-in-pp? 3. Xms\ hn`-Pn--sv F{]-Imcw ico-c-n nXn-sNpp? 4. Hcp ico-cs Dt]-n-np asmcp ico-c-ntep t]mIp kabw BZy-ico-c-n \npw F{]Imcw ]pd- s-Spp? 5. Cu _mly (]m`uXn- I) PK- ns\ F{]-Imcw hln-pp? 6. a\v C{n-b, apX-em-bh Bymn (B--cn-I) PK-ns\ F{]-Imcw hln-pp? ChnsS {]mWs hnj-bn, BZyw sImSp adp-]-Snbn hcm D-c--fpsS tNmZy--fmWp tNmZn-n-cn-p- Xv. Ah BZys Dc tIp {]k-- cm-bn-cp-p. AXn-\m tNmtZym- -c-th- f-bn kptI-imZn Bdp aljnamcpw Hn-n-cp-n-cpp Fp kv]jvS-am-Ip-p.

4. bYm k{am-tU-hm-[n-Ir-Xm \nbpMvt GXm {Kmam-t\-Xm{Km-am-\-[n XnjvT-tkz-tXy-h-ta-sshj {]mW CXcm {]mWm ]rYIv ]rY-tKh kn-[-t.
ChnsS aljn DZm-l-c-W-k-lnXw aqm-as {]iv\n\p adp-]Sn ]d-bpp F{]-Imcw `qa-WvU-e-ns N{I-hn-am {Kma- pw \K-c-pw P\-] -Zpw {]tXyIw {]tXy-Iambn A[n-Im-cn-Isf \nb-anp-pthm Ah-bpsS A[n-Im-c- hoXn-p-sIm-Sp-ppthm AtX-{ ]-I m-c w-X s Cu k-t {i-j vT -\ mb {]mW\pw kzw AwK-cq-]-amb A]m-\, hym\ apXemb ap {]mW-\p-Isf ico-c-ns {]tXyIw {]tXyIw `mK--fn {]tXyIw {]tXyIw Imcy-mbn \ntbmKn- p- p. kw_w C\n apJy-{]m-W, A]m-\, kam-\ Ch aqn-sbpw hmk-m- \hpw {]hr-n- Ifpw hnh-cn-p-p.

2. Xkvssa k tlmhm-Nm-Xn-{]-iv\m ]rkn {_njvtTmkoXn Xkvatlw {_ho-an.


Cu a{-n ]n-emZ aljn Biz-em-b-\s tNmZyw ITn-\-am-sWp ]dbp-Ibpw At-l-ns _pna--tbbpw X-io-e-tbpw {]iw-kn-p-Ibpw sNpp. AtXm-Sp-IqSn ""\o tNmZn coXn Inv AXn\p adp]Sn Xtc--bm-hiy-hp-an-. Fm \o X _pn-tbmSp-Iq-Sn-b tNmZn-sXp Rm a\-n-em- p-p. \o {imephpw thZ--fn \njvWm-X\pw BIp-p. AXn\m Rm \ns tNmZy-p adp-]Sn ]d-bmw.'' F `mhhpw {]I-Sn-n-p-p.

5. ]mbq- ] t]m\w Npx- t {imt{X apJ-\ mknIm`ymw {]mWx kzbw {]mXn-jvTtX at[y Xp kam-\x. Gj tlyX-p-X-aw kaw \bXn XkvamtZXmx k]vXmntjm `h-n.
CXp kzbw apJpw \mkm-Zzm-cnepw IqSn kcnv t\{X--fnepw t{im{X--fnepw nXn-sN-p-Ibpw AXp-t]mse KpZ-nepw D]--nepw A]m- \s\ m]np-Ibpw sNp- p. AXns tPmen-I ae-aq-{X-sf icoc-n\npw ]pd-t-bvpXpIbpw cP-v, hocyw, K`w Chsb shfn- bn-tebvp Xn-hn-Sp-Ibp-am-Wv. icoc-ns a[y-`m-K-v, \m`n-bn, kam-\s\ m]n-p-p. Cu kam-\-hm-bp-hn-s\-s {]mW-cq-]-am-Ip Anbn lh\w sNbvXp- sImv DZ- c- n hp hogp As, AXm-bXp kmcmw-is ico-c-ns Fm AwK{]-Xyw-K--fn bYm-tbmKyw ka-`m-hn Fn-p-sIm-

3. B\ Gj {]mtWm PmbtX bssYjm ]pcptj Omssb-X-kvan-t-XZm-XXw at\m-Ir-tX-\mbm-Xy-kvan ico-tc.


ChnsS aljn ]n-em- Z Biz-em- b- \s cp tNmZyp {Ia-{]-Imcw adp-]Sn ]d-bp-p. bmsXm-ns {]IcWw \S-p-sIm-n-cn-p-pthm B k-t{i-jS-\mb v

183

I Sp-p-p. B A-ns kmc-`q-X-amb ck-n \npw


Xs Cu ico- c-n Ggp Pzme- I AXm- bXv Fm hnjb--tfbpw {]Im-in-n-p cp t\{X-. cp sNhnI, cp \mkm-Zzm-c-, Hcp apJw (c-k-\) Cu Ggp Zzmc- D--am-bn-cn-p-p. B ck-n \npw ]pjvSn {]m]n-nv Ch Xmm- - fpsS {]hr-n-I kaambn sNp-p. kw_w C\n hym\s KXn hn-pp

(Hcp ico-c-n\npw ]pd-sv apJy {]mW DZm-\t\bpw Iqn AXp- hgn ap ico- c-n-tebvp t]mIptm Xs AwK-`q-X-amb kam-\mZn {]mW--tfbpw C{n-bw, a\v Ch-tbbpw Iqn-sm-p-t]m-Ip-p. Ch-sb-m-ntbpw kzman-bmb Pohm- mhpw AXn-t\m- Sp- Iq- Sn- tm-Ip-p. Cu Imcyw ChnsS ]d-tb--Xp-v.) kw_w C\n cp a{--fn-embn Bizemb\s Apw Bdpw tNmZy--fpsS Dcw sImSp-p-sImv Pohm- mhp {]mtW-{n-b --tfm-S p-I qSnb Hcp ico-c n\npw asmcp ico-c-n-tep t]mIp-Xp kw_- amb Imcyw kv]jvS-am-p-p.

6. l rZn tl yj B m A ss {X - X - t Z- I - i X w \mUo\mw Xmkmw iXw iX-ta-ssI-Ikymw Zzmk]vX -XnZzm-k-]vXXnx {]Xn-i m-Jm-\m-Uo-k-l-{kmWn `h-ymkp hym\- -c-Xn.
Cu ico-cn Po-hm-m-hns \nhmk m\-amb lrZ-b-n Hcp-\qdp {][m\ \mUn-Ifpw Ah-bn Hmtcm \mUn-Ipw \qdp-hoXw imJm \mUn-Ifpw Ah-bn Hmtcm \mUn-Ipw \qdphoXw imJm \mUn-Ifpw Dv. Cu Hmtcm imJm-\m-Unpw Fgp-]-o-cm-bncw {]Xn-imJm \mUn-Ifpw Dv. C{]-Imcw ico-c-n BsI Fgp-]-nc- p-tImSn \mUn-I-fp-- Xn Fmw Cu hym\-hmbp kcn- p-sIm-n-cn-p- p.

8. BZntXym l ssh _mlyx {]mW DZ-tXyj tly \w Nmpjw {]mW-a-\p-{K-lvWm\x ]rYznhyw bm tZh Xmsskjm ]pcp,-kym-]m-\a-h-jvS-`ym-cm bZmImix k kamt\m hmbhym-\x.

kqcy Xs Fm- n- tbpw _mly- {]m- W BIpp Fv ]q-ambn {Kln--Ww. Cu apJy-{]m-W kqcy-cq-]-n DZnv ico-c-ns AwK-{]-Xyw-K-sf ]pjvSn-s-Sp-p-Ibpw t\t{X-{n-bsf A\p-{K-ln-pIbpw sNp-p. AXn\v ImgvNin AYhm {]Imiw \Ip-p. ]rYzn-bnep tZhX AXm-bXv A]m\ hmbpkw_w C\n DZm-\-hm-bp-hns m\hpw {]hhns in AXv a\p-jy-cpsS Dn hkn-p A]m-\\-fpw ]d-bp--tXm-Sp-IqSn Biz-em-b-\sd \mem-as hm-bp-hn\v B{ibw \Ip-p. Cu A]m-\-hm-bp-hns tNmZyns D-chpw \I-s-Spp in KpZpw, Kp]vt\-{n-b- Chsb klm-bn-p-Ibpw 7. AssY- I - tbm[z DZzm\x ]ptWy\ ]pWyw Ch-bpsS _mly-amb kvYqem-Im-cs hln-p-Ibpw temIw \bXn ]mt]\ ]m]-ap-`m-Pym-tah a\p-jy- sNp-p. kz-n\pw `qanpw CS-p BImiw tem-Iw. Xs kam-\-hm-bp-hns _mly-kzcq-]-am-Ip-p. AXv Cu apI-fn ]d-n-p Fgp-]-n-c-p-tImSn \mUn-I- ico- c-ns _mly-- fmb AwK- {]-Xyw-K-p hn{iaw fn \npw `n-ambn asmcp \mUn-Iq-Sn-bp-v. AXns\ \In Ahsb ]c-c-n-p-Ibpw ico-c-n-\p-n-ep kpjpav\ Fp ]d-bp-p. AXv lrZ-b-n\npw ]pd- kam-\-hm-bp-hn\v AXn k-cn-p--Xn\p kuIcyw sp apI-fn akv X-I-n-te-bv p t]mIp- p. AXp- sImSp-p-Ibpw sNp-p. CXns klm-b-m Ihgnbmbn DZm-\-hmbp ico-c- ns apI `mK-tbvp p {ihn-p-hm Ign-bp-p. BIm-i-n Ncn-pk-cn-p-p. (C-{]-Imcw Aiz-em-b-\s aqm-as sIm-n-cn-p hmbp-Xs hym\-hm-bp-hns _mly-cq-]{]iv\ns kam-[m\w ]d-nv aljn ]n-em-Z am-Ip-p. AXv Cu ico-c-ns _mly-am-bp AwK-{]Abm-fpsS \mem-as {]iv\-ns Dcw kwt]- Xyw-K-sf {]h-\-k--am-n-op-Ibpw imn am-bn--d-bp-p.) bmsXm-cp- ]pWy-i o-e-\m-bn- cn-p- {]Zm\w sNp-Ibpw sNpp; Dnse hym\-hm-bp-hns\ pthm bmsXm-cp-s k--fpsS ^ew A\p-`- \mUn-IfnqSn \bn-p-Ibpw XzKn-{n-b-n\v kv]ihn-t ka-b- am-bn-cn-p- pthm Ahs\ Cu DZm\ hmbp- \-m\w Dm-p--Xn klm-bn-p-Ibpw sN-pp. Xs ap {]mWn-I-tfmSpw C{n-b--tfmSpw IqSn h- 9. tXtPm l hm DZm-\ -kvXk vam-Zp- ]-i m--tXPmx am\ ico-cn\npw ]pd-sp ]pWy-tem-I-n ]p\`h an{n-ssba-\kn k-Zy-am-ss\x. kzmZn D- X- tem-I--fn-tebvp sImp-t]m- Ip-p. ]m]kqcy-s bpw An-bp-s Sbpw _mly-amb tXPv I--tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb a\p-jysc iqIc IqI-cmZn ]m]-tbmDjvW-Xzw, AXp-Xs DZm-\-hm-bp-hns _mly-kz-cq-]w. \n-Ifnepw cuc-hm-Zn-\n-c-I--fnepw sImp-t]m-Ip-Ibpw AXp ico-c ns _mly-am-bp AwK-{]-Xyw-K-sf AXp-t]mse bmsXm-cp- ]m]-]p-Wy-I--fpsS a{inXWp-n-p-hm A\p-hZn-p-n-. IqSmsX ico-c-ns X-^ ew A\p-`hn-p--Xn\p A`n-ap-J-am-bn-cn-p-pthm B- cn-tIm-jam-hns\ nc- s-Spn \np-Ibpw sNpv Ahs\ a\p-jy-i-co-c-n-tebvv sImp-t]m-Ibpw sN p. Hcp-s ico-cn \npw DZm-\-hmbp amdn--gnp-p. m Ahs icocw NqSm-bn- cn-p-n-. AXn-\m ico-

184

I c-n\v NqSn-m-Xmbn AXn \nh-kn-p Pohm-mhv a\n hneo-\-ambn C{n-b-sf tNp-sImv DZm-\-hmbp-hn-t\m-Sp-IqSn ap ico-c-n-tep amdn-tm-Ip-p. kw_w C\n Biz-em-b-\s \mem-as tNmZynse AXm-bXv {]mW Hcp ico-c-n \np ]pd-sv ap ico-cntem temI-ntem {]th-in-p Imcywhopw kv]jvS-am-p-p.

12. DXv]-n-am-bXnw m\w hn`pXzw ssNh ][m

Aymw ssNh {]mWky hnm-bm-ar-Xa-i v\ p-tX. hnm-b m-ar-Xaiv\pX CXn.


D]-cyp hnth-N\--f-\p-k-cn-v bmsXmcp a\p-jy {]mWs D-hs AXm-b Xv CXv Fn\nv Fs\ Dm- Ipp F cl- kys {Kln-p-pthm ico-c-n AXns hym]vX n-sb--n-bp m\hpw {Kln- p- pthm bmsXm- cp- {]mWs nXnsb AXmbXv AIpw ]pdpw Fhn-sS-hn-sS-sbmw AXp hknpp Fp cl-kys AXns _mlyhpw Bcn-Ihpw Bb B[n-`u-Xn-Ihpw Bym-n-I-hp-amb Ap cl-ky-sf \mbn {Kln-p-pthm Ah AarX- kz-cq-]-\mb ]c-am-\--ab ]c-{_ ]c-ta-iz-cs\ {]m]np-Ibpw B B\--a-bs kwtbm-K-kp-Js \nc-cw A\p- `-hn- p-sIm-n-cn-p- Ibpw sNp- p.

10. bn--kvtX-ss\j {]mW-am-bmXn {]mWkvtX Pkm bpx klm-\m bYm-k--ev]nXw temIw \b-Xn.
acn-p kabw Cu Bm-hn\v GsXmw k-ev]-fp-m-Ip-pthm AXns a\v An-a-\n-an-j-n GXp `mh-\-I Nnn-n-cp-pthm B k-e]-tm-Sp-Iqv Snb a\-v, C{n-bsf Iqn-smv apJy {]mW-\n nXn-sN-p-p. B apJy {]mW DZm-\-hm-bp-hp-am-bntv Xtm-sSmv a\pw C{n-bfpw Hn-p Pohm- m- hns\ B Ana k-ev]-a-\p-k- cnv bYm-tbmKyw `n `n temIfntem AYhm tbm\n-I-fntem B\-bnp-p. AXn-\m Xs a\- n \nc-cw `K- hms\ Nnnp-sIm-n-c n-p-Xv AXyw DNn-X-am-bn-c n-pw. ap kev]- Hpw hcp-hm-\-\p-h-Zn--cp-X.v Fp-sIm-sm PohnXw Aev]hpw A\n-Xy-hp-am-Ip-p. A{]-Xo-nX- ambn Cu ico-c- ns Ayw Ftm kw`-hn-p-sav Fs\ Adnbpw? B kabw `K-h-XvNn Dm- ImsX ap k-ev]- BWp-m-Ip--sX-n km[m-c-W-t]mse F]-n-\m-epew tbm\n-I-fn Ae-p-Xn-cn-tb-Xmbn hcp-p. kw_w C\n {]mW-hn-j-b-Iamb m\-ns kmwkm-cn-Ihpw ]mc-eu-In-Ihp-amb ^es hnh-cn-pp.

NXp {]iv\ w
1. BY ssl\w kucym-bWo KmKyx ]{] `Kht Xkvan ]pcptj Im\n kz]n Im\ykvan RvP m{KXn IXc Gj tZhx kz]v\ m]- i yXn Issky-XpJw `hXn Ikv anp kth k{Zn-jvTnXm `h-o-Xn.
ChnsS KmKy-ap\n ]n-em-Zt\mSv Ap-Im-cy- tNmZn-p-p. 1. KmV-\n-{Zm-k-abw Cu a\p-jy-i-co-c-n A[n-h-kn-p ap]-d tZh-X-I-fn Bscmw Ddpp? 2. Bscmw DWn-cn-pp? 3. kz]v\m-hbn Ch-cn GXp-tZ-hX kz]v\-kw-`-h- Ip-sIm- ncn-pp? 4. \n{Zm-h-bnse kpJm-\p-`hw Bp-mIpp? 5. Cu Fm tZh-X-Ifpw k-`m-h-tm-Spw-IqSn Fn nXn-sN-pp? AXm-bXv Bsc B{i-bn-n-cnpp? Cs\ KmKy-ap\n Pohm-m- hn-tbpw ]c- am-mhn-tbpw ]q-amb XXz- tNmZn-n-cn-p-p.

11. b Ghw hnZzm {]mWw thZ \ lmky {] Pm lo-btXartXm `hXn XtZj tmIx
GsX-nepw hnZzm C{]-Imcw Cu {]mWs clkyw a\- n- em- p- Ibpw {]mWs al-Xzs {Klnv Fm {]Imc--fnepw AXns\ kpc-n-X-amn \ne-\np-Ibpw AXns\ Hcn-epw Ah-tl-fn-m-Xn-cn-p-Ibpw sNppthm Ahs km-\-]-c-c Hcn-epw \in-p-t]m-Ipn-. Fp-sIm-s-m Ahs hocyw Atam-Lhpw Ap-Xhpw in-k---hp-am-Ip-p. Ah AXns Bym-nI cl-kys {Kln-np Xs Pohn-Xs km-I-am-n-op-Ibpw Hcp Ww-t]mepw `K-hXv Nn-I-fm iq\y-am-m-Xn-cn- bpw sNp-p. Fn A\- Im-e-t-bp-ambn Aa-c-\m-bn-o-cpp; AXm-bXv P\v \-a-c-W-cq-]-am-Ip {]]--n\npw ap-\m-bn-o-cpp.

2. Xkvssa k tlmhmN bYm KmKy aco-Ntbm kymkvXw KXx khm GX-kvanw-kvtXtPm aWvUe GIo-`-h-n. Xmx ]p\x ]p\-cp-Z-bXx {]Ncty hw l ssh Xhw ]tc tZth a\tkyIo-`-h-Xn. tX\ Xtlyj ]pcptjm \ irtWmXn \ ]iyXn \ Pn{LXn \ ck-btX \ kv]ritX \m`n-h -ZtX \mZt \m\- -b tX \ hnkr-P tX t\bm-btX kz]n-Xo-Xym-N- -tX.
Cu a{- n ]n- em-Z-a-ljn KmKys BZy-{]-iv\n\v C{]- Imcw adp- ]Sn ]dp ""KmKym, kqcy AkvXan- p-tm B kabw Fm `mKfn-tebvpw hym]n-

185

I p-In-S-n-cp {]Imi Inc-W- F{]-Imcw B {]Im-i]p-RP-n ebnv Hm-bn-o-cp-pthm XnIpw AtX v coXn-bns KmV-\n-{Zm-k-a-bv \ns tNmZy-{]-Im-cap Fm tZh-X-I-fpw, Fm C{n-b-fpw, Ah-bnse k-t{i-jvT-amb h\-cq-]-tZ-h-Xbpw AXn hneo-\-ambn X{Zq-]-am-bn-o-cp-p. AXn-\m B kabw Cu Pohmmhv {ihn-p-n-, ImWp-n-, {LmWn-p-n-, kzZnp-n-, izkn-p-n-, kv]in-p-n-, kwkm-cn-p-n, {Kln-p-n-, Nen-p-n-. ae-aq-{X-hn-k\w \Sp-n-, ssaYp-\-kpJw A\p-`-hn-p-n-. AXm-bXv B kabw ]n-{n-b--fp-tSbpw {]h-\- kYm \ne-n-cn-pw. Cu kabw Cu ]pcp-j am{Xw Dd-pp Fp km[m-cW Bfp-I ]d- bp-p. kqtcym- Z-b- n IncW- hopw Fm `mKfn-tebvpw hym]n-p--Xpt]mse Xs Ah DWp-I-gn-m ]noSv Fm C{n-bfpw a\-n\npw ths]v AXm-Xp-I-fpsS I--fn hym]r-X- cm-bn-o-cp-p. kw_w C\n KmKys {]iv\-n\p kwt- ]-ambn D-cw- sIm- Sp- nv cp a{- hgn Fm C{n- b-fpw ebn-p--Xn-\p-ta a\-ns nXn Fm-bn-o-cpp Fp hnh-cn-p-p.

3. {]mWm-b Gssh-X-kvan]ptc Pm{K-Xn. Kml]tXym l hm Gtjm]mt\m hymt\m\zmlmcy ]Nt\m bZv Kml-]-XymXv {]Wo-btX {]W-b-\ mZml h\obx {]mW.
B kabw Cu a\p- jy-i-co- c-am-Ip \K- c-n Ap{]m-W-c q-] - -fmb An-I DWn-c n- p- p. CXv KmKys cm-as {]iv\-ns kwt- ]-amb Dc-am-W.v ChnsS \n{Zbvp b-cq]w \Ip--Xn\v ]{]m-W -sf An cq]-n hnti-j n- n- n-c n- p- p. b-n Anbvv {]m[m\yw Iev]n-n-cn-pp; AXn\m ChnsS kwt- ]- ambn {]mW-am-{Xsb An- bpsS \man ]d-bp-p. Fm aptmv Cu b-ns cq]I- n GXp {]mW-hr- nsb GXns m\-n hn`mh\w sN-W-sa--Xns\ kv]jvS-am-p-p. ico-cn bmsXmv {]mWs A]m- \- hr- n- bm- Ip-p-thm, CXp- Xs B b-ns ""Kml-]-Xymn Fp tXmp-p. hym\ Zn- Wm-n-bm-Ip-p. Kml-]-Xym-n-cq-]-amb A]m-\-\n\npw {]mW DW-cp-p. Cu Imc-W-m apJy-{]m-WXs Cu b-ns Iev]-\-bn Blh-\o-bm-n-bm-Ip--Xv. Fp-sIm-s- m b-n Bl-h-\o-bmn Kmly-]-Xy-n\npw Dbn-smp-hcp-p. BZys aqmw {]iv\-ns hni-Zo-I-c-Wnepw {]mWs A-cq-]m-lpXn AXn lh\w sNs-Sp-p, Cu hypev]-n-h-gn-bmbn Bl-h-\o-bm-n-Xs Fp ]d-bp-p.

bmsXmv apJy-{]m- Ws izmtkm-zm- k-cq-]-n icoc-n\p shfn-bn t]mhp-Ibpw Dn-tebvp aS-n-h-cpIpbpw sNp-pthm AXp-Xs Cu b-n BlpXn-bmbn hogp-p. Cu Blp-Xn-I hgn bmsXmcp t]mjI-X-Xz- ico-cn- tebvp {]th-in-n-p-sIm-n-cn-ppthm Ah Xs tlma-{Z-hy- am-Ip-p. B tlma- {Z- hys ico-c-ns Fm `mK--fnepw Bh-iym-\p-k-cWw ka`m-hn Fn-p--Xn-\p Npa-Xe kmam-\y-hm-bp-hnt-Xm-Wv. AXn-\m AXns\ kam-\-hmbp Fp ]d-bpp. AXp-Xs Cu cq]-In "tlmXm' lh\w \Sp EXznv BIp-p. An-cq-]-\m-bn-cp-npw BlpXn-I Fn-p IrXyw \n-ln-p--Xn-\m CXns\ "tlmXm' shp hnfn-p- p. BZyw ]d- b-s a\p Xs bP-am-\\pw DZm-\-hm-bp-Xs B bP-am-\s A`o-jvS-^ehpw BIpp; Fp-sIm-s-m, F{]-Imcw tlmaw \S-p bP-am-\s\ AXns A`o-jS-^ew Xn-te-mv Ijnv I-^ew A\p-`-hn-p--Xn\p Im-\p-kr-Xambn kzmZn temI--fn-tebvp sImp-t]m-Ip-pthm AtX-{]-Imcw Xs Cu DZm-\-hmbp a\-ns\ Znh-kwtXmdpw \n{Zm-ka-bv AXns I^e-ns t`mK kzcq- ]-amb {_-tem-I-n ]c-am-m-hns \nhm- k-m\-cq-]amb lrZb Kpl-bn-te-bp Iqn-smp t]mIpp. AhnsS Cu a\-p-hgn Pohm-mhpw \n{Zm-P-\n-X-amb hn{i- a-kpJw A\p-`-hn-pp; Fs-m Pohm-m-hns \nhm-km-\hpw AXp-X-s- bm-Ip-p. ChnsS "{_ KabXn' F-Xp-sImv \n{Zm-P-\n-X-amb kpJw {_-{]m]vXn sImp-m- Ip kpJ-ns bmsXm-cw-i-nepw Xpe\w sNp-hm Ign-bp-sap a\-n-em--cp-Xv. Fp-sIm-sm CXm-Is Xma-k-kp-J-am-Wv. Fm ]c-{_-]-cta-iz-cs {]m]vXn-sIm-p-m-Ip kpJw aqp KpWpw AXo-X-am-Ip-p. kw_w C\n aqm-as {]iv\-ns D-cw.

5. Ass{Xj tZhx kz]vt\ aln-am-\-a-\p-`h-Xn. bZv ZrjvSw ZrjvS-a-\p-]-iyXn {ipXw {ipX-ta-hm-a\p-ir-tWm-Xn. tZi-Zn-K--ssc {]Xy-\p-`qXw ]p\x ]p\x {]Xy-\ p-` -hXn ZrjvSw NmZrjvSw N {ipXw Nm{ipXw Nm\p-`qXw Nm\-\ p-` qXw N km-k kw ]iyXn kx ]iy-Xn.
GXp tZhX kz]v\s hon-p-sIm-n-cn-pp Fp KmKy-ap-\n-bpsS aqm-as tNmZy-n\v ]nem-Z C{]-Imcw adp-]Sn ]d-p. Cu kz]v\ m-h--bn Pohm- m-hp-X s a\pw kqvta-{n-b-fpw hgn Xs hn`q-XnIsf A\p-`-hn-pp. CXn\p ap]v Anp IXpw tIXpw A\p-`hnXpsamw Xs kz]v\-n IqsS-qsS ImWp-Ibpw tIp-Ibpw A\p-`hn-p-Ibpw sNp-p. Fm Pm{K-Z-h--bn Ah F{]-Imcw GXp coXn-bn GXp ev GXp-kw-`-hs ImWp-Itbm tIp-Itbm

4. bZp-zm-k\n-zm-km-th-Xm-hm-lp-XoXn kaw \bXo kk-am-\. at\m lhmJ bP-am-\x. CjvS-^-eta-thmZm-\x. k G\w bPm-\-a-l-cl {_ Ka-b-Xn, -

186

I A\p-`-hn-p-Itbm sNbvXn-ptm AtX-{]-Imcw Xs

N hmIvN hhyw N lkvXu NmZm-Xhyw tNm]AXp kz]v\-nepw A\p-`-hn-Ww Fp \nb-a-sam-p- -m-\-bn-Xhyw N Nbq hnk-bn-Xhyw an-. Fnepw kz]v\-n Pm{K-Z-h- -bnse GsX-nepw N ]mZu N Khyw N a\-a-hyw N _pn kw`-h-ns GsXnepw Awiw at-sXnepw kw`-h- t_mhyw Nml-m-c-mlw Ihyw N Nnw ns Awi-hp-am-bn-tv Hcp ]pXnb cq]-n A\p- N tNX-bn-Xhyw N tXP hntZym-X-b n-X hyw N `-h-s-Sp-p. AXn-\m kz]v\-Im-e-n IXpw ImWm- {]mW hn[m-c-bn-Xhyw N.
Xpw ImWp-p. tIXpw tIm-Xpw tIpp, A\p-`-hn-Xpw A\p`hn-m-Xpw A\p-`-hn-pp Fp ]d-b-s-Sp-p. DXpw Cm--Xp-amb hkvXp--sfbpw kz]v\-n Zin-p-p. C{]-Imcw kz]v\-n hnNn{X- co-Xn-bn kw`-h-sf IqsS-qsS A\p-`-hn-p-sIm-ncn-p-Ibpw kzbw Xs Fm-am-bnv ImWp-Ibpw sNpp. B kabw Pohm-m-hns\ IqSmsX asm-p-ap-m-bncn-p-n- .

qe-kqva ] alm-`q-X-, ]n-{n-b-fpw Ah-bpsS hnj-b--fpw, \mep {]Im-c-n-ep Ax-I-cW-fpw Ah-bpsS hnj-b-fpw AXp-t]mse Ap-X-cns {]mW-hm-bp Ch-sbmw ]c-am-m-hns\ B{i-bn-n-cn-p-p. qe-amb ]rYznbpw AXns ImcW-amb K-hpw, qe-P-e-X- Xzhpw AXns Imc-W-amb ck-am-{X-bpw, qe-tX- P-kX- Xzhpw AXns Imc-W-amb v cq]-hpw, qe-hmbp XXzhpw AXns Imc-W -amb 6. k bZm tXP-k m-`n-`qtXm `h-X y-ss{Xj tZhx kv]i-\-hpw, qem-Im- ihpw AXns Imc-W-amb i_vZk z] v\ m ] i y- X yY X s s Z- X - k van i c oc hpw, C{]-Imcw X-fpsS Imc-W-k-ln-X-amb ]-`q-X-fpw, t\t{X-{n-bhpw AXp-hgn-bmbn ImW-s-Sp hkvXpGXpJw `h-Xn. -fpw, t{imt{X-{n-bhpw AXp-hgn Bkz-Zn--s-Sp KmKy-ap\n \mem-as tNmZyw C{]-Imcw tNmZn-p]pfnpw a[p-chpw Bb Fm ck--fpw, XzKn-{n-bhpw p. ""\n{Z-bn kpJns A\p-`hw Bp- m-Ipp?'' AXp-hgn kv]in--s-Sp Fm ]Zm--fpw, hmKnAXn\p ]n-em-Z adp]Sn ]d-bpp \n{Zm-k-a-bv Cu {n-bhpw AXp-h-gn-bmbn D-cn--s-Sp Fm i_vZ-hpw, a\v DZm-\-hm-bp-hn--[o-\-ambn `hn-p-tm AXm-b-Xv. cp-I-c-fpw AXp-hgn ]nSn--s-Sp Fm hkvXp-DZm-\-hmbp Cu a\-ns\ Pohm-m-hns hmk-m- \-amb fpw, cp-]m-Z-fpw AXns {]m]y- m-\--fpw. Kp]vtXlrZ-b-n Fnv taml-hn-h-i-am-p-tm, B \n{Zm{n-b-fpw ssaYp-\-kp-J-hpw, KptZ-{n-bhpw AXp-hgn h--bn Pohm-mhv a\p hgn-bm-bp kz]v\-kwhnkn--s-Sp ae-hpw, a\pw AXp-hgn a\\w `hsf ImWp-n- . B kabw \n{Zm-P-\n-X-amb kpJmsN-s-Sp Fm hkvXp--fpw, _pnbpw AXp-hgn \p-`hw Pohm-m-hn\p Xs Dm-Ip-p. Cu ico-c-n {Kln--s- Sp Fm km[- \--fpw, Al-m- chpw AXns kpJ-Zpx-J-sf A\p-`hn-p-Xv {]tXy-Im-h-bn hnjbfpw, Nnhpw AXp-hgn Nn--s-Sp Fm {]Ir-Xn--]p-cp-j Pohm-m-hp-X-s- bm-Ip-p. kwK-Xn-I-fpw, {]`m-hhpw AXn \np {]`m-hn-X-am-Ip 7. k bYm tkmay hbmwkn hmtkm-hrw kw hkv X pfpw Cs\ ]- h r- n- I - t fmSp IqSnb {]Xn-jvTt Ghw l ssh XXv khw ]c B- {]mW\pw AXp-hgn-bmb Poh ]Ip hln--sp \n-k w-{]-X n- jvT -t X. sImn-cn-p Fm ico-c-fpw Fmw CXns Imc-WKmKy-ap-\n-bpsS Am-as tNmZyw ""Cu a\-v, `q-X-\mb ]c-ta-iz-s\-s B{i-bn-n-cn-p-p. _pn, C{n-b-, {]mW Fmw Fn nXn-sN- 9. Gj ln {ZjvSm kv{]jvSm t{imXm {LmXm ckpp? Bsc B{i-bn-n-cn-p-p.'' AXn\v C{]-Imcw bnXm am t_mm Im hn m- \ mm aljn adp-]Sn ]d-bp-p. ]pcpjx k]tc c B\n kw{]-Xn-jvT-tX. {]nb-s KmKy, BIm-i-n ]dp k-cn-p ]n-K-W- kmbw- Imew aSn X-fpsS \nhm-k- m\p kpJ-ambn tNt-dp--Xp-t]m-s e, ]rYzn-ap-X {]mWh-sc-bp XXz--f-{Xbpw ]c-{_-]p-cp-tjm--a\n AJn-e-n-tbpw Bm- hm- bn- p- - Xn B{ibw tXSp-p. Fp-sIm-s- m Ch-sb-m-ntbpw GIamb B{ibw Atlw Xs-bm-Ip-p. ImWp- Xpw kv ] in- p- Xpw {ihn- p- Xpw LvdmWn-p-Xpw a\\w sNp-Xpw {Kln-p--Xp-amb Fm kqt-{n-b-fpw, a\v hgn-bmbn kakvX I-fpw sNp hnm-\-kz-cq-]-]p-cp-j Pohmmhv BIp-p. Cu ]ca Ahn-\m-inbpw AJn-e-ntbpw Bm-hp-a mb ]c-{_-p-]p-cp-tjm--a Xs Fm-nepw nXn-sN-p-p. At-ls {]m]n-p--Xnt\m-Sp-IqSn hmkvX- hn-I-amb imn e`n-pp; AXn-\m CXn-sbpw ]c-a-amb B{ibw B ]c-ta-iz-c Xs-bmIp-p.

8. ]rYnho N ]rYn-ho-am{Xm Nm]-m-t]m-am{Xm N tXP tXtPm-am{Xm N hmbp hmbp am{Xm NmIm-i- m-Im-i-am{Xm N Np {ZjvShyw N t{im{Xw N t{imXhyw N LvdmWw N LvdmXhyw N ck ck-bnXhyw N XzIvN kv]i-bn-Xhyw

10. ]c-ta-hm-cw {]Xn-]-ZytX ktbm l sshX-Zm- b -a -i - c o- c - a -t em- l nXw ip{`-a - cw thZ- b tX

187

I bkvXp tkmay. k kx ktm `h-Xn.


XtZj tmIx.
bmsXm-cp- Ombm-c-ln-X \pw Nphpw abpw Bbp Fm h--fn \npw cln-X\pw Bb hnip\pw Ahn-\m-in-bp-amb ]c-ta-iz- cs\ Adn-bp- pthm; Ah B ]c-am-c ]c-a-m-hn-s\-s {]m]n-p-p. CXn Aev] w-t]mepw kwi-b - n-\ -h-I m-i -an- . tl tkmay, bmsXm-cp- C-s\-bm-Ip-pthm AXm-bXv Bsc-nepw B ]c-{_ ]c-ta-iz-cs\ {]m]n-p-pthm Ah k- \pw k-c q-]\pw Bbn-o-cp-p. ASp a{w Cu hnj-bs kw_-n-p--Xm-Ip-p.

11. hnm-\mm kl tZssh kssx {]mWm `qXm\n kw{]-Xn-jvTn b{X. XZ-cw thZ-btX bkvXp tkmay k k---ta-hm-hn-th-ti-X n.
AJn- en-tbpw ]c-a-Im- c-W-\mb ]c-ta-iz-c-\n kakvX {]mW\pw ]-a-lm-`q-X-fpw kakvtX{nb-tfmSpw Ax-I-c-W--tfmSpw IqSnb Pohm-mhpw Fmw B{ibw {]m]n-p-p. B ]c-am--c-amb Ahn-\m-in-]-cam-m-hns\ bmsXm-cp- Xncn--dn-bp-pthm Ah k--\m-Ip-p, AXp-t]mse k-cq-]-\mb ]c-ta-izc-\n {]hn-jvS-\m-bn-o-cp-p. C{]-Imcw Cu NXp{]iv\w kam-]n-n-cn-p-p.

BIpp; A]-c-{_--am-Ip-p. Cu Htc HmwIm-c-ns P]w, kvac-Ww, Nn\w Ch-s Imp am{Xw X-fpsS A`ojvS-kn-nsb B{K-ln-p hnm-\-k---m-cmb a\pjy At-ls {]m]n-p-p. AXm-bXv bmsXmcp ]c-ta-iz-cs hncmSv kzcq-]-s, Cu PK-ns sFizcy-a-b-amb GsX-nepw AwKs {]m]n-p--Xn-\p Ctbm-Sp-IqSn HmwIm- c-s, D]m-kn-p-pthm Ah kzw `mh-\-bv-\p-k-c-W-ambn hncmSv kzcq-]-amb ]c-ta-iz-cs GsX-nepw AwKs {]m]n-p-Ibpw sNp-p. bmsXmcp- CXns A- cym-anbpw Bm-hp-amb ]q-{_ ]pcp-tjm--as\ {]m]n-pXn\p \njvm-a-`m-htm-SpIqSn D]m-k\ \S-p-pthm Ah ]c-{_ ]pcp-tjm-as\ {]m]n-p-p.

3. k btZy-I-am-{X-`n-[ym-boX k tXss\h kwthZn-Zn-X-kvXq-tah PK-Xym-a-`n-kw-]-Zy-tX, XartNm a\p-jy-tem-I-ap-]-\bt k X{X X]km {_-NtcyW {ibm ktm aln-am-\-a-\p-`h-Xn. HmwIm-c-s-n Nnn-p-sIm-n-cn-p a\p-jy hncmSv ]c-ta-iz-cs `qx, `phx, kzx Cu aqp-cq-]fn\npw `qtem-I-ns sFiz-cy- n Bk- -\m-bnv AXns {]m]vXn- mbn HmwIm-cs D]m- kn-pp Fn ac-Wm-\- cw Ah Xs {]m]- Wo- b-amb sFizcy-m t{]cn-X-\mbn Xmew `qtem-In hp-tN-cp-p. HmwIm-c-ns BZy-am{X EtKz-Z-kz-cq-]-am-Ip-p. AXn\p `qtem-Ihp-ambn _-ap-v. AXn-\m AXns NnIsImp km[-I\v EtKz-Z-a-{- hopw a\p-jy-ico-c- n {]th-in-n-p-hm Ign-bp-p. Ah B ]pXnb a\p-jy-P--n X]w, {_-N-cyw, `n-k---amb Dam-Nm-c- W- Ch-tbm-Sp-Iq-Snb t{ijvT-a- \p-jy-\mbn ApX- I-c-amb sFizcy-sf A\p- `-hn-p-p. Ah\p \oN-tbm\n-I-fn Ae-tbXmbn hcp-n-. Ah ac-Wm-\-cw a\p-jy-\mbn hopw ip`-I- A\p-jvTn-p--Xn ka-\m-bn-o-cp-Ibpw AhnsS \m\m-{]-Im-c-n-ep kpJ-sf A\p-`hn-p-Ibpw sNp-p. -

]-a -{ ]iv \w
1. AY ssl\w ssi_yx kXy-Imax ]{]-. k tbm l ssh XZv`-K-h--\p-tjyjp {]mb-Wm tamm-c-a-`n-[ym-bo-X. XIaw hmh k tX\ temIw Pb-X o-X n.

Cu a{-n HmwIm-c-ns D]m-k-\sb kw_nv kXy-Im-a tNmZyw sNp-p. bmsXmcp a\p-jy BPo-h- \mw HmwIm-cs icn-bmb coXn- bn D]m- kn-p- 4 . AY bZn Zznam- t {X W a\ k n kw ] - Z ytX Ibpw Ah\v B D]m-k-\-hgn GXp temIhpw {]m]n-p- tkmcnw bPp`n-cp-o-btX tkma-tem-Iw. k hm Ign-bp-Ibpw Ah\v Fp ^ew-In-p-Ibpw sNp- tkma-temtI hn`q-Xn-a-\p-`qb ]p\-cm-h-tX. sa- p--Xn Ah Pnm-kp-hm-bn-cn-pw. km[-I HmwIm- c- ns cp-am-{X- Isf D]m- kn- pp; 2. Xkvssa k tlmhmN GXssZz kXy-Ima ]cw AXm-bXv B hncmSv kzcq-]-\mb ]c-ta-iz-cs AwK-`q-XN Nm]cw {_ btZm- m-c x. Xkva m-Zzn-Zzm-t\tX amb `qx (a-\p-jy-tem-Iw) `phx (kz-tem-Iw) Ch cnss\hm-b- Xt\-ss\-I-Xc at\z-Xn. tbpw sFiz-cy-n Bk- n-tbm-Sp-IqSn AXn-s \CXns D-c-ambn aljn ]n-em-Z ""Hmw'' F s ey-amn Hmm-cs D]m-kn-ppshn A-cs AXns ey-`q-X- amb ]pcp-tjm--a-t\m-Sp- Ah at\m-a-b- amb N{-tem-Is {]m]n-pp; Ahs\ IqSn GIo-I-cn-p-sImp ]d-bpp kXy-Im-a, Cu ""Hmw'' bPpth-Z-ns a{w A-co-- n apI`m-Kp D-sm, AXv Xs ey- `q- X- amb ]c- {_ ]c- ta-iz-c-\n N{-tem-I-n Fn-p-p. B hn\m-i-kz-cq-]-tm-Sp\npw `n-am-Ip-n-. AXn-\m CXp-Xs ]c-{_-hpw Iq-Snb kz-tem-I-n \m\m {]Im-c--fn-ep sFizB ]c-{_-n\npw {]I-S-am-Ip hncmSvUv cq]hpw cy-sf D]-t`mKw sNbvXn-v, Xs D]m-k-\-bpsS ]pWyw -

188

I bn-p-Xo-cp-tm hopw arXyp-tem-I-n-te-bp-Xs v

N-{I-n\npw tamNn--s-bp-n-. CXns Hcw-K-amb hp-tN-cp-p. ChnsS Ah\p Xs ]q-Im-\p-kr-X- ]rYn-tem-Itsbm AYhm A-co--t-bptam Asambn a\p- j y-i -c o-c tam AYhm AXnepw \oN-a mb n aq-tem-I-- fps ka-kvX- P-K- n- t-bpt\m A`nem-j-tm-Sp-IqSn bmsXm-cp- D]m-k\ \S-p-pthm tbm\ntbm e`n-p-p. bmsXm-cp-s eyw Cu PK-ns B-kz-cq-]-amb 5. bx ]p\-tcXw {Xnam-t{X-tWm-an-tXy-tX-ss\-hm-]c-ta-iz-c-\n-tebvvmXncn-p-p-thm, adnv bmsXm-cp-cptcW ]cw ]pcp-j-a-`n-[ym-boX k tXPkn kqtcy PK-ns _mly-cq-]-n \m{Xw Bk--\m-bnk. bYm ]mtZm-Z-c-kvXzNm hn\nap-NyX Ghw o-cp-pthm Ah At-ls {]]n-p-n-. AXp-Iml ssh k ]m]va\m hn\napx k kma-`n-cp-ocaw IqsS-qsS P\n-p-Ibpw acn-p-Ibpw sNbvXpsIm btX {_ temIw k GX-kvam-o-h-L-\mXv ]cmn- cn-p-p. bmsXm-cp- Xsc ico- c-ns Dnepw Xv]cw ]pcn-ibw ]pcp-j-ao-tX XtZXu tmIu ]pdpw a[y-`m-Kpw At-ls {]m]n-p--Xn-\p `hXx. A`n-em-j-tm-Sp-IqSn Hmmcs P]n-p-Ibpw kvacn-pCu a{- n "]p\x' i_vZ-{]-tbm-K-n \npw Cu Ibpw Nnn-p-Ibpw sNp-pthm B km[-I am{Xw Hcp- Imcyw kqNn-n-n-cn- pp D]- cyp--amb IY\w A\p- PvRm\ kzcq-]-\mb ]c-ta-iz-cs\ ]ns Hcn-epw Xs k- cnv Cu temI-n-tbpw kz-tem- I-n-tbpw sFiz- Ah-- bn\npw hyXn-N-en-p-n-. cys A`n-e-jn-p-sImv B ]c-{_-s ey-amn 7. EKv`n-tcXw bPq`n-c--cnw HmwIm-cs D]m-kn-p km[-Im-cn Akm-[m-cW kma-`nbXv XXvI-htbm th-Z-bt km[-I s\ ChnsS hn- n-c n- p- p. D]m-k-\ -b psS ktm- - a- amb coXn CXp- X- s-bm- Ipp Cu `mhw {]IXtam-m-tc-ssW-hm-b-X-t\-\m-t\zXn hnZzm Sn-n-p--Xn\v Cu a{- n "Fn' F ]Zw {]tbmb-NvOm--a-Pc aar-X-a-`bw ]cw tNXn. Kn--s-Sp-n-. Fp-sIm-s- m CXn bmsXmcp hnIHcw-K-s- am{Xw ey-amn D]m-k\ \S-p km[ev]hp-an-. HmwImcw B ]c-{_--ns \ma-am-Ipp; Is\ EtKz-Z-nse a- d- a\p- jy-tem-I-n sImpAXp- hgn ]c-{_--]-c- ta-iz-c D]m-kn--s-Spp Fv Cu a{-n kv]jvS-am-bp-]-tZ-in- n-cn-p- p. bmsXmcp km[- h-m-p-p. cp-am-{X-Isf D]m-kn-p--hs\ AXm-bXv I aqp-am-{X- I-tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb HmwIm-c-kz-cq-]-amb A-c- PK-ns Ghpw D-X-amb kzo-ssb-iz-cy-sf Zzmcm ]c-{_--]-c-ta-iz-c s\ D]m-kn-p-p-thm, Ah ey-amn HmwIm-cs D]m-kn-p--hs\ bPqth-Zkw ]S-hp-ambn _w-hnp t]mIp--Xp-t]m-se-Xs nse avd- N{-tem-I-n-tebvp sImp-t]m-IpFm I- _---fn \npw tamN\w {]m]nv kYm p.-bm-sXm-cp- Ch-bn-semw ]cn-]q\pw Fm-n\nhn-Im-c-\m-bn-o-cp-p. Ahs\ kma-th-Z-ns a{w tbpw B-kz-cq- ]- hp- amb ]c- ta- iz- cs HmwIm-c-Zzmcm D]mtXtPm-a-ba-Zb kqcy-a-WvU-e-nqSn sImp-t]mbn k\ \S-p-pthm, Ahs\ kma-th-Z-nse avd- ktm-]-cn-bmbn {_-tem-I-n Fn- p-p. AhnsS alm-PvRm- \n-I-fm \m{Xw Adn-b-s- Sp {_- tem- I- n Ah Poh-k-ap-Zm-b-cq-]\pw tNX-\m-X-Xz-m AXyw Fn- p-p. kw]qcl- ky-s- {K-ln-n- p _pn-amt{ijvT -\p-am-b-]-c-{ _--]p-cp-tjm--a s\ {]m]n-p-p. \mb a\p-jy _mly-P-K-n Bk--\m-ImsX HmwImAtlw kw]q PK-ns\ Xs in-bpsS Aev]mw- c-ns D]m-k-\-h-gn-bmbn kakvX PK-n-tbpw AXva iw-sImp hln-p-sIm-n-cn-p-Ibpw {]]w apgp-h kzcq-]-\mb B ]c-a-im-\pw Fm-{]-Im-c--fn-ep-ap hm]n- n-c n- p-Ibpw A-cym-a n-c q-] - n AJn-e - n- hnIm-c-fm cln-X\pw BIp-p. Ahn-sS hm-Iyan, tbpw lrZ-b-fn hncm-Pn-p-Ibpw sNp-p. C\n- ac- W-an-, `b-an-. Ah Aa-c\pw \n`-b\pw AXp-t]mse bp cp tmI- Cu hnj-bs kv]jvS-am-p- p. {ijvT-\mb ]c-a-]p-cp-tjm--a\pw BIp-p.

6. Xnkvtdm am{Xm avdpXyp-aXyx {]bpm At\ym-\y-km A\-hn-{]-bp-mx. {Inbmkp _mlym-`ym-c ay-amkp kayIv {]bp-mkp \ Iw]tX x!!
Cu ImWp-Xpw tIp-Xpw A\p- `- hn- p-- Xp-amb HmwImc ]c-{_ ]c-ta-iz-cs PKXv kzcq-]-amb hncmSv kzcq-]w. At-lns hmkvX-hn-Ihpw ]c-am-hn-\m-in-bpamb cq]ta BIp-n-; CXv ]cn-h-\-kz-`m-h-tm-Sp-IqSn-b-Xm-W.v AXn-\m CXn Pohn-p--h Aa-c-cm-bn-ocp- n-. F{X-am{Xw D-X-m- cm-sW- ntmepw P\-\-a-c-W-

jjv T -{]iv\w
1. AY ssl\w kptIim `mc-ZzmPx ]{]---`-K-hm, lnc-Wy-\m`x Iukteym cmP-]pt{Xm amap-t]-ssXyXw- {]iv \ a]ypX. tjmU- i - I - e w `mc- Z zmP ]pcpjw th. X-alw Iam-c-a-{_phw \ml-anaw thZ bZy-l-an-aa thZnjw IYw tX \mhm-y-anXn kaqtem hm Gj ]cn-iqjyXn tbm\rX-a-`n-h-ZXn Xkvam- mlm-ay-\rXw hIvXpw. kXpjv Wow cYam-cply {]h-{hm-Px Xw Xzm ]rman Izmku-]p-cpj CXn.

189

]c-{_ ]ctaiz-c BZy-ambn AJn-e-nsbpw {]mW-cq- ]-amb km lncWy K`s krjvSnp. A\cw ip`-I- sf {]hn-n-p `n BkvXnIy-_pn sb {]I-S-am-n-bnv {Ia-ambn ico-c-ns D]mZm-\-`q-X--fmb BIm-iw, hmbp, tXP-v, Pew, ]vdpYzn Fo ]-a-lm-`q-X--fp-tSbpw krjvSn \S-n. Cu ] alm- `q-X-- fpsS {]h\w Xs- bmWv Cu Zriy- am- \- amb kq {_m-WUw. ]-alm `qX-p-tijw ]cv ta-iz-c a\-,v _pn, Nnw, Al-mcw Fo \mep kaq-lcq-]-amb Ax-Ic-Ws cNn-p. ]noSv hnj-b-fpsS m\-n\pw {]h-\-n-\pw-thn Ap mt\-{n-b--tfbpw XYm Ap It-{n-b--tfbpw krjvSn-p. AXn-\p-tijw Pohn-I-fpsS ico-cn-Xn-pthn A-tbpw AXns ]cn-]mIw hgn-bmbn intbbpw krjvSn-p. AXn\pw tijw Ax- I-c- W-n-tbpw 2. Xkvs sa k tlmhm- N . Cssl- h m- x-i - c otc C{n-b--fp-tSbpw kwb-a-cq-]-amb X]-ns\ Bhn`-hntkmay k ]pcptjm bkvan-tXmx tjmUi Iemx n-p. D]m-k-\-bvp-thn `n--fmb a{--tfbpw {]`-h - o-Xn. Iev]n-p. Ax-I-c-W-ns kwtbm-K-tm-Sp-IqSn C{n]Xn-\m-dp-I-eItfmSp IqSnb ]pcp-js\ ey-am- {X-ambn b- hgn \S- -s-Sp I-sf \nn-p. Ah- bpsS Ah-X- cn-n-n-cn-p-p. ]n-emZ aljn ]d- p. "{]nb-s hnhn-[--fmb ^e-cq-]-tm-Sp-IqSnb temI-sf krjvSnkptI-im, GsXmcp ]c-{_ ]c-ta-iz-c-\n \npw ]Xn- p-Ibpw Ah-bpsS Fm-n-tbpw \ma-cq-]--tfbpw \mdp Iem kaql kq PKZv cq]-am-Ip At-l- cNn-p-Ibpw sNbvXp.-C-s\ ]Xn-\mdp Ie-I-fm bpns hncmSv icocw D--am-bn-cn-p-pthm B ]ca amb Cu {_m-WvUs krjvSn-nv Pohm-m- hp- k-lnXw ]pcp-j \psS Cu ico-c-ns Dn Xs hncm-Pn- ]c-ta-iz-c kzbw CXn {]th-inp; AXn-\m Atlw p-s Im-n-cn-p-p. At-ls At\z-j nv A\y{X ]Xn-\mdp IeItfmSp-Iq-Snb ]pcp-j Fp hnfn--s-Spt]mtI bmsXm-cm-hiy-hp-an-. a\p-jys lrZ-b-n p. \psS Cu a\p-jy-i-co-chpw {_m-WvU-ns ]c-am-m-hns\ {]m]n-p-Xn-\p Xo{h-amb A`n-emjw Xs Ghpw sNdnb Hcp amXr-I-bm-Wv. AXn-\m ]c-taPm{K-m-Ip-tm Ah AXns\ Xs lrZ-bn iz-c F{]-Imcw Cu {_m-WvU-n nXn-sN-ppthm AtX {]Imcw Xs Atlw \psS Cu ico-cXs Ip-ap-p-p. nepw nXn-sN-p-p. Cu ico-cnepw B ]Xn-\mdp kw_w B ]c-{_ ]pcptjm-as XXzs a\Ie-Ifpw \ne\np-p. B lrZ-b--\mb ]c-a-tZ-h-]pn-em-p--Xn\v kwt-]ambn krjvSn-{I-as hncp-tjm--as\ Adn-bp--Xp-X- s- bmWv B ]Xn-\mdp Iepp I-tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb ]pcp-js\ Adn-bp--Xv.

kptIi aljn Xs Aev]-PvR-Xbpw kXy-`m-j-Wns al-Xzhpw {]I-Sn-n-p-sImv ]Xn-\mdp Ie-I-tfmSp- Iq-Snb ]pcp-js\ kw_-n tNmZyw tNmZn-p. Atlw ]d-p"`K-h', Hcn- tImk-e-cm-Py-nse cmP-Ip-amc lnc-Wy-\m-` Fs ASp- hn-cp-p. Ah FtmSp tNmZnp "`c- Zzm- P, ]Xn-\mdp Ie- I-tfmSpw IqSnb ]pcp-js\ \n-dn-bmtam?' Rm Abm-tfmSp kv]jvSambn ]dp ""ktlm-Z- c, Rm\Xv Adn-bp-n; Adn-bpam- bn- cp- s- n Xo-bmbpw \n\p Rm\Xp ]dp Xcpam-bn-cp-p. ]d-bm-Xn-cn-p--Xn\v bmsXmcp Imc-W-hp-ansm? ]dp Xcp--Xn-\p CjvS-an-m-bva-sIm-mWv {]iv\s Rm \ntj-[np If--sXp \n a\n hnNm-cn--cpXv; Fp- sIm- s- m Rms\m- cn-epw Ifhp ]d-bp-I-bn-. Ifhp ]d-bphs hwi-hn-tZw kw`-hn-p-p. Ah\v Cu temI-ntem ]c-tem-I-ntem bmsXmcp am\y-Xbpw e`n-p-n-. CXp-tIv cmP-Ip-am-c \n-_vZ-\mbn cY-n Ib-dn, hXp-t]m-se-Xs Xncnp-t]m-bn. Ctm A-bn\npw B ]Xn-\mdp Ie-ItfmSp IqSnb ]pcp-j-X- Xzs Adn-bp--Xn\v Rm B{Kln-p-p. Zb-hp-sN-bvXv, Ah Fhn-sS-bm-av, Ahs kzcq]w Fm- W,v Fp Imcy- ]d-p-X-mepw!''

bmsXmv Dm-bn-cn-p-tm Fs k kv]jvS-am-IpIbpw sN---hn[w GsXmcp XXz-amWv AXn \nt]n-t-- Xv.

4. k {]mW-a-kvdp-PX {]mWmvdmw Jw hmbp tPymXn-c m]x ]rYn-ho-{nbw at\ma- m-Zzocyw Xt]m-a{mx I temIm temtIjp N \ma N.

3. k Cu mwN- t {I. Ikv a n- - l - a p- X v { Im DXv{Imtm `hn-j yman Ikvanhm {]Xn-j vTntX {]Xn-jvTn-k ym-ao-Xn.
alm-k- ns BZn-bn PK- ns cN\ \S-nb ]c-a-]p-cp-j ]c-ta-iz-c Nnnp "Rm GsXmcp {_m-WvUs cNn-p-hm-\m-{K-ln-p-pthm AXn bmsXm-n-m-Xn-cn-p-tm F\nv kzb-ambn AXn hkn-p-hm Ign-bm--hn[w AXm-bXv Fs k kv ] jv S -c q- ] - t m- S p-I qSn hy-a m- I m- X n- c n- p- I bpw

kw_w k-ns Bcw-`s hn-nv ]c-{_- ns eys {Kln- n- p. C\n {]f-b - ns eys hn-pp

5. k btYam \Zyx ky- am\mx kap-{ Zm- b Wmx kap{Zw {]m]ymkvXw Kn `ntZytX Xmkmw \macqt] kap{Z CtXyhw t{]mNy-tX. Gh-tahm ky ]cn- { Z- j vS p-c namx tjmUi Iemx- ] p- c p- j m- b Wmx ]pcpjw {]m]ymkvXw Kn `ntZy-tX-Nmkmw \ma-

190

I c qt]

] pc pj C tX yhw t{] mN ytX GtjmItemartXm `hXn XtZj tmI.

7. Xmtlm-hm-ssN-Xm-h-tZ-hm-l-ta-XXv ]cw {_ thZ. \mXx ]c-a-kvXo-Xn.

hnhn[ \ma--tfmSpw cq]--tfmSpw IqSn \nc-h[n \ZnI F{]-Imcw X-fpsS DZvK-a-m-\-amb kap-{Z-n`nap-J-ambn ]mv B kap-{Z-n-sen AXn hneo-\-ambn-o-cp-pthm Ahbvp kap-{Z-n \np {]tXy-Iamb \ma-cq-]- Cm-Xp- pthm Ah kap{Zw Xs Bbno-cp-pthm AtX-{]-Imcw Xs k-km-nbpw kIe-n-tbpw B-kz-cq-]-hp-amb ]c-am-m-hn\nv Dhn ]Xn-\mdp IeIfpw (Cu ]q {_m-WUw) {]f-bv Im-e- n X-fpsS ]c-am-[m-c- amb ]c-a- ]p-cp-j- \n sNv AXns hneo-\-am-bn-o-cp-p. ]ns Chbvsm n\pw {]tXy-I-amb \ma-cq-]- tijn-p-n-. GI-am{X-\mb ]c-a -]p-cpj ]c-ta-iz-cs kzcq-]- n Ch XmZmyw {]m]n-p-p. AXn-\m At-l-ns \man, At- l - ns h- \ - b n Ch- b p- t Sbpw h\w Ds- Sp-p. B kabw ]c-am-m-hn bmsXmcp Xc-n-ep-ap k-ev] Ahtijn-p-n-. AXn\m Atlw Iem-c-ln-X\pw Aar-X-kz-cq-]\pw BIpp Fp ]d- b-s-Sp-p. Cu XXz-sf {Kln- p a\p- jy\pw B ]c- am-m- hns\ {]m]n- nv Iem-c-ln-X\pw Aa-c\pw Bbn `hn-p-p.

C{Xbpw D]-tZ-in- - Xn\p tijw aljn ]n- em-Z ]ca `mKy-hm- m- cmb kptI- imZn Bdp aljn-am- scbpw kwt_m[\ sNbvXp-sImv ]dp ""Ejn-amtc!, Cu ]c-{_ ]c-ta-iz-cs hnj-b-n Rm C{X am{Xta Adn-bp-pq. CXn-\p-]-cn-bmbn ap bmsXm-p-an-. Rm \n-tfmSv At-l-ns hnj-bn Fsmw ]d-bW-am-bn-cppthm AsXmw ]dp Ign-ncnp-p.'' kw_w Ah-km\w IrX-X {]I-Sn-n-p-sImv kptI-imZn ap\n-KWw aljnsb ]e-hpcp {]Wmaw sNbvXp-sImp ]d-bpp

8. tX Xa-b-kvXzw ln\x ]nXm tbmkvam Iahn-Zymbmx ]cw ]mcw Xmc-b-koXn \ax ]ca Ejn t`ym \ax ]c-a-Ejn`yx C{]-Imcw ]n-em-Zm-Nm-cy-\n\npw {_tm-]-tZiw kzoI-cn-p-sImv Bdp aljn-amcpw At-ls ]qPnp-sImv ]dp ""`K-hm-t\, Ap Xs R-fpsS bYm ]nXm-hm-Ipp; Ap Xs Rsf Cu kwkmc kmK-c-ns Asc Fn-n-cn-p-p. Cs\-b p Kpcp-hn-t\-m D]-cn-b mbn thsdmcmv Fs\ Kpcp-hm-Im Ignbpw? Ap ]c-a-E-jnbpw m\ kzcq-]-\p- am-Ip-p. Asb R \a-kI-cn-pv p. hopw hopw \a-kv-cn-p-p. "Ana hmIyns ]p\-cm-hrn {K-ns kam-]Xnsb kqNn-nv --Xn-\p-th-n-bm-Ip-p.

6. Acm Ch cY-\m`u Iem bkvan {]Xn-jvTnXmx Xw thZyw ]pcpjw thZ bYm am thm arXypx ]cnhyYm CXn.
Cu a{-n km-[m-c-amb ]c-ta-iz-cs\ Adn-bp-Xn\p t{]cn- n-p-sImv AXns ^ew P\-\-a-cW cmlnXy-am-sWp ]d-bp-p. thZ- `-K- hm a\p-jy-tcmSp ]dp F{]-Imcw cY-ns N{I-n LSn-n-n-cn- p Fm IW-m-ep-Ifpw B N{I-ns a[y--amb IS-ns Dn {]th-in-p- pthm Ah-bpsS Fmw B[mcw ISwX- s-bm-Wv. IpS-s-q- SmsX Ah- bvp- dp \nphm Ign-bp-n-. AtX-{]-Imcw Xs apI-fn-d {]mWmZn ]Xn-\mdp Ie-Ipw bmsXmv B[m-c-am-bn-cn-p-pthm Cu Fm Ie-Ifpw bmsXm-ns\ B{i-bn-n-cn-p-pthm bmsXm-n \np--hn-p-Ibpw bmsXm-n hneo-\-amIp-Ibpw sNp-p-thm, Atlw Xs Adn-b-s-Sp-hm tbmKy-\mb ]c-{_ ]c- ta-iz-c. B km-[m-c-\mb ]cam-m-hns\ a\-n {Kln--Ww. At-ls a\-nemngn- m \n ac- Ws `b-s-Sp-Ibn-, ]noSv arXyp-hn\p \nsf P\-\-a-cW kwkm-c-nsSpn ZpxJn-n-p-hm km[n-p--X-. \n Fs-tbvp-ambn Ac-\m-bn-o-cpw.

imn-] mTw
Hmw `{Zw It`nx {iWp-bma tZhm `{Zw ]tiy amm-`n-cy-P{Xmx ns sc - c - M vss K- k vXp- j vSphmw k kvX- \ q`nhytia tZh-lnXw bZmbpx kzkvXn \ Ct{m hr-{ihmx kzkvXn \x ]pjm hniz-thZmx kzkvXn \kvXmtym Acn-jvS-t\anx kzkvXn t\m _rl-kvX-]nZ-[m-Xp. Hmw imnx ! imnx ! imnx !!!
CXns Aw Cu D]-\n-j-ns Bcw-`-n sImSpn- p- v.

Q
N P

191

OmtmtKym]\n-jv 3 1
Hmw Jw
Hman-tXyX Zc apZvKoY ap]m-knX; Hman Xn lyqZvKm-bXn; Xtkym-]hym-Jym\w DXvKoYsap ]d- bp "Hmw' Fp A- cs D]mkn-- Ww. ""Hmw'' Fp DZvKoXw sNp-p. AXns "B' A-c-ns D]-hym-Jym\w Bcw-`n-p-p. "Ev' Fp ]d-bp-Xv hmp-X-s-bm- Ip- p. "kmaw' FXv {]mW-\m-Ip-p. DZvKoYw "Hmw' Fp A-c-amWv. hmpw {]mW\pw Epw kmahpw GXmtWm AXv "anYp\'amIp-p.

XtZXnYp\ tamantXy Xkvan---tc kwkr-PytX; bZm ssh anYp\u kam-K-X B]-btXm ssh Xm] t\ym\yky Imaw.
An-s\-bp Cu anYp\w "Hmw' Fp A-cn tNn-cn-p-p. Gtm-gmtWm anYp- \- kwtbmPn-p- Xv Atm Ah ]c-kv]cw Imtam-p- I- cm- bn-ocpp FXv {]kn--am-W.v

D] Gjmw `qXm\mw ]rYnhn ckx ]rYnhym B t]mck:, A]m-tam-j-[tbm ck, Huj-[o\mw ]pcp-tjm-ckx ]pcp-jky hm{K-tkm, hmN E{K-k, ENx kma-ckx kmav\ DZvKotYm ckx
Cu `qX--fpsS ckw ]rYn-hn-bm-Ip-p. ]rYn-hn-bpsS ckw Ap-Ifm-Ip-p. Ap-IfpsS ckw Huj-[n-I-fm-Ipp. Huj-[n-I- fpsS ckw ]pcp-j-\m-hp-p. ]pcp-js ckw hmmIpp. hmns ckw Em-Ip-p. Ens ckw kma-am-Ip-p. kma-ns ckw DZvKo-Y-am-hp-p.

B]-bnXm l ssh Imam\mw `hXn b GX-tZhw hnZym-\--c-ap-ZvKo-Yap ]mkvtX


BcmtWm C{]-Imcw Adnv Cu A-c-am-Ip DZvKo-Ys D]m-kn-p-Xv Ah Ima-\-Isf ssIh-cnm {]m]vX-\m-Ipw.

k Gj ck\mw ck-Xax ]cax ]cm-tym f- tam f bZp-ZvKoY:


GXmtWm DZvKoYw An-s\-bp Fm-a-t-Xmb Cu HmwImcw At As ck-h pw, ]c- a - h pw, t{ijvThpw, ]c-am-m-sh-p m\-n\v Al-hp-amIp-p.

XZzm GX-Z-\p-m-cw; bnIn nZ-\p-Pm-\m-tXym-antXy hX-Zml; G tjm Gh kar-n-Z-\pm; ka bnXm ssh Imam\mw `h-Xnb GX tZhw hnZzm-\-c apZvKoY ap]mkvtX
An-s\-bp Cu HmwImcw A\p-m-cq-]-amb A-c-am-Ip-p. GXmtWm GsX-n-ep-sam-ns\ A\p-hZn-p-Xv AXns\ Hmw Fp-Xs ]d-bp-p. GXmtWm A\p AXp Xs kar-n-bm- Ip-p. bmsXm-cp-h C{]Im-c-a-dnv Cu A-c-am-Ip DZvKo-Ys D]m-kn-ppthm Ah Ima--fn ka-\m-bn-Xo-cp-p.

IX-am-I-X-aIv IX-aXv IX-aXv kma, IXax IXa DZvKoY CXn-hn-arw


Ev GXmWv? kmaw GXmWv! DZvKoYw GXmWv Fv hnain--s-n-p-v.

hmtK-hIv {]mWx ktam-antXy XZc aZvKoY: XZzm GX-n-Yp-\w, bZzmv N {]mW-Iv N kma N.

192

tXt\bw {Xbo hnZym-h-tX, HmanXym {im]-b-tXym-anXn iwktXym anXypZv KmbtXy Xssky-hm--c-kym]-NnssXy alnav\m ctk\
{]Ir-X-amb Hmw F A- cw-sImp Cu {Xbo-hnZy \S-p-p. Hmw Fv B{im-hWw sNp-p. Hmw Fp iwkn-p- p. Hmw Fv DZvKm\w sNp-p. AXv Cu Ac- ns Xs A]-NnXn (]q-P)-bm-bn-pw, aln-a- sImpw v ckw sImp-am-Ip-p.

Xkvam-tbm `bw hZXn kXyw Nm \rXw N; ]m]va\m tljm-hn-m, AYl N{ip-cp-ZvKoY ap]mkmw N{Iotc; Xm-kpcx ]m]va\m hnhn[p- kvXkvam-tt\m `bw ]iyXn Zi-\o- bwN, ]m]va-\m-tly-X-Zzn-w. AYl t{im{X-ap-ZvKoY a]mkmw N{Iotc; Xm-kpcx ]m]va\m hnhn[p Xkvam-tt\m `bw irtWmXn {ih-Wobw N ]m]vat\m tlyX Zznw. AYl a\ DZvKoY ap]mkmw N{Iotc; Xm-kpcx ]m]va\m hnhn[px Xkvam-tt\m `bw k-ev]-btX k-ev]-\obw Nm k-ev]-\obw N; ]m]va\m tlyX-Zzn-w.

tX t\m Zu Ipcp-tXm bssX tZhw thZ, b \ th-Z, \m\m XphnZym NmhnZym N; btZh hnZybm ItcmXn {i-tbm-]-\n-j-Zm, XtZh ho-h-cw `hXn CXn-Jtez Xssky hm c-tkym-]-hym-Jym\w `hXn
BcmtWm CXns\ C{]-Imcw Adn-bp-Xv Ah-\pw, Bcv Adn-bp-n-tbm Ah-\pw, cp-t]cpw Cu Acw sImv Iw sNp-p. Fm hnZy-bpw, Ahn-Zybpw `n--fm-Ip-p. GXn-s-bmtWm hnZy-tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bpw, {i-tbm-Sp-Iq-S nbpw A[nIw hocy-ap-X m-bn-o-cp- p. Cns\ hn[n-Xv Cu A-c-n-s-Xs D]-hym-Jym-\am-Ip-p.

A\-cw hmmbn DZvKo-Ys D]m-kn-v, hmns\ Akp- c-m ]m]w- sImv th[np! Am- c- W-m hmp]-tbm-Knv kXy-tbpw Ak-Xy-tbpw temI ]dbpp! Fs- m CXv ]m]-m hn-bm-Ip-p. A\-cw Np-mb DZvKo-Ys D]m-knv Npns\ Akp-c-m ]m]w-sImp th[n-p. AXn-\m Np-p-sImv ImWm sImm-hp--Xn-t\-bpw, Im Wm sImm- -Xn- t\bpw temIw ImWp- p. Fs- m Npv ]m]-m th[n--s-n-cn-p-p. A\- cw t{im{X-ambn DZvKo-Ys D]m-kn-p. AXns\ Akp-c- -\m ]m]w sImv th[n-p. AXn-\m t{im{Xw sImv tIm sImm-hp--Xn-t\-bpw, tIm sIm- cp-Xm- - Xn- t\-bpw, temIw tIpp. Fs- m t{im{Xw ]m]-m th[n--s-n-cn-p-p. A\-cw a\-mbn DZvKoYs D]m-kn-p. a\-ns\ Akp-c-m ]m]w-sImv th[n-p. AXn-\m a\-psImp k-ev]n-m sImm-hp--Xn-t\bpw k-ev]nm sIm-cp-Xm--Xn-t\bpw temIw k-ev]n-p-p. Fs-m a\v ]m]-m th[n--s-n-cn-p-p. apJy-{]m-W D]m-ky-\m-sWv ImWn-p--Xn-\m-bn, AXns hnip-Xzw t_my-s-Sp-p-hm-\m-bn, {ipXn Cu hnNm-cW Bcw-`n-p. AXp-sImv Npv apX-emb tZhX-Isf {ItaW hnNm-cW sNbvXv ]m]-m hn-I-fmWv Iv Xn-bn-cn-p-p. ""AY-l-hw, Npxt{im{Xw, a\x'' CXymZn ap--sXmw ap]p ]d--Xn-t\mSp Xpey-am-Ipp. ChnsS ]d-n-nm Xzv, ck\ apX- emb tZh- X-Ifpw CXp- t]mse Xs-

cmw Jw
tZh-kp-cl ssh b{X kwtb-Xnc D`tb {]mPm-]-Xym-kvXtZhm DZvKoY - amP{lp c t\s\ \m\m`n `hn-jyma CXn.
{]Pm-]-Xn-bpsS ]p{X-cmb tZh-mcpw Akp-c-m-cpw, Xn GXp hnj-bn ]p bpw sNbvXp-thm, AXn tZh-m CXp sImp Akp-c-msc \app tXmev]nmw Fp hnNm-cnv DZvKo-Ys Bl-cnp!

tX l \mknIyw {]mW-ar-ZvKoY ap]mkmw N{Insc; Xw lm kpcx ]m]vav\m hnhn[p; kvXkvam-t- t\m`bw Pn{LXn kpc`n N Zpn N; ]m]va-\m tly j hnx
Ah \mkn-Ibn-ep {]mW-\mbn, DZvKo-Ys D]mkn-p. B {]mWs\ Akp-c-m ]m]w sImp th[n-p. AXn-\m {]mWs\ ({Lm-Ww) sImv kuc-`y-ap--Xnt\bpw Zp--ap- - Xn-t\- bpw, {LmWn- p-p. Fs-m Cu {]mW ]m]-m th[n--s-p.

AYl hmN apZvKoY ap]mkmw N{Iotc; Xmwlm-kpcx ]m]va\ hnhn[px,

193

I bm-Ip-p. CXn-\-\p-Iq-eambn ""Gh-ap-J-teXm tZh Xmx ]m]va`nx'' Fp _rl-Zm-c-WyI {ipXn-bp-ap-v.

AY-lb Ghmbw apJyx {]mW-kvX arKvZo-Yap-]mkmw N{Intc; Xwlm-kpc EXzm hnZ[zw kpYm ivam\ amJ-W arXzmh [zw tkXx

tX\ Xwl _rl-kv]-Xn-cp-ZvKoY ap]m-kmw-Nt{I; GXap Gh _rl-kv]Xn a\yt hmKvLn _rl-Xo, Xky Gj-]Xnx tX\ Xw lm ff bmky DZvKo-Y-ap-]m-kmw Nt{I; GXap Gh ff bmkyw a\y Bkym-Zym-b-tX.

AXp-sImv _rl-k]Xn B {]mW-\mb DZvKo-Ys v A\-cw Cu apJ- n- ep ""{]mW'' GtXm AXmbn D]m-kn-p. Cu {]m-W- s\-s _rl-kv]-Zn-sbv hnNmDZvKo-Ys D]m-kn-p. Akp-c-m Ahs\ {]m]n-v, B JW- amb Bivas {]m]nv \in-p- -Xp- t]mse \in- p. cn-p-p. _rlXn Fp ]d-bp-Xv hmm-Ip-p. B hmn\v {]mW ]Xn-bm-Ip-p.

Ghw bYm f iva\-am-J-W-arXzm hn[zw kX Ghw sslh khn[zw ktX b Ghw hnZn ]m]w Ima-btX bss \a`n Zmk-Xn-k Gtjm f ivamJWx

tXX\w l _tIm Zmevt`ym hnZmw NImc; k l ss\an-io-bm\m apZvKXm _`qh; k l kvssa`yx Imam\m Kmb-Xn.

AXp-sImv B {]mWs\ Z`ys ]p{X-\mb _I C{]-Im- c- a- dn-bp- - h- \n, Bcv ]m]s Iman- p-pthm Adn-p. Ah ss\an-im-cWy-n-ep-hcpsS DZvK-Xm- Ah Cs\ BJ-- amb Aivas (in- e- sb) {]m]nv hmbn `hn-p. Ah Ahm-bn, Ima-sf BKm\w F{]-Im-c-amtWm \in-p--Xv, A{]-Imcw Xs \insNbvXp! pp! {]mW-hn-ns\ Bcv lnwkn- p-pthm Ah\pw BKmXm l ssh Imam\mw `h-Xn, Cns\ \in- pw. An-s\-b p Cu {]mW-h nv ""Aivam-J-W-am-Ip-p.'' b GX-tZhw hnZym-\--c-ap-ZvKoY

BJWx = Ipgn-m _pn-ap-p ss\ sshtX-\kp-c-`n, \Zpn hnPm \mXy-]-l -X-]m-]vam-tlyj t\X-b -Z-iv\ mXn bXv ]n _Xn tXt\ Xcm {]mWm-\-hXn GXap Ghm-tXm hntm {Iam Xn, hymZZmtXy hmX CXn.

ap]mkvtX; CXy-[ym-w.
bmsXm-cp-h-\mtWm C{]-Im-c-a-dn-v, Cu Ac-amIp DZvKo-Ys D]m-kn- p- Xv Ah Ima--sf BKm\w sNp--h-\mbn `hn-p-p. B-hn-j-b-amb DZvKoXw D]m-k-\-bm-Ip-p.

Cu apJy-{]m-W- s\-smv kuc-`y-ap--Xns\ Adn-bpAYm[n ssZhXw: b Ghmku X]-Xn, n; Zp--ap-- Xn-s\bpw temIw Adn-bp-n- . FsXap-ZvKo-Y-ap-]m-k oX; DZyhm Gj-{] m Cu apJy-{]m-W ]m]w \on-bh-\m-Ipp! Ahs\-sImv Fv Bin- p-p-thm, Fv ]m\w sNp-pPm`ym DZvKm-bXn; DZyw-kvXtam `ba thm, AXp-sImv {LmWw apX- em-b, ap {]mWsf cn]ln; A]-lm ssh `bky p-p. Ah-km-\-Im-e-n Cu apJy-{]m-W- s\, apJy-{]mXatkm `hXn b Ghw thZ W- hr-n-bmb A-]m-\-sf e`n-m--Xp- sIm- p-Xs {LmWw apX-emb {]mW--fpsS kap-Zmbw icocw hnpC\n tZh- Xm-hn- j- b- amb DZvKo-tYm-]m- k- \- s-p- dnv ]dt]m-hp-p. ac-W-Im-e-n hmbv ]nfpp F-XmWv bp-p. BcmtWm B X]n-p-Xv Ah Xs DZvKoAS-bm-fw. Ys D]m- kn- - Ww. Ch DZn-p--h-\m-bn- v, {]P-Ipthn DZvKm\w sNp-p. DZnv Xa-n-t\bpw `b-nXw lyvKncm DZvKo-Ym-ap-]mkmw Nt{I; t\bpw \in-n-p-p. bmsXm- cp-h C{]-Im- c-a-dn-bp- p-thm, GXap Ghmffv Knckw a\yt f vKm Ah `b-n-tbpw Xa-n-tbpw \mi-I-\mbn `hn\mw b{Zkx pp! B apJy-{]m-W- \mbn DZvKo-Ys Av Kncv D]m-knp. Cu apJy-{]m-W-s\-s BvKn-c-ksav hnNm-cnp-p. Fp-sIm-s-m AwK-fpsS ck-am-Ip-p. AwK-v {]mW-s\ \ne-bn ck-am-bn-cn-p--XpsIm-mWv BvKnc-k-sav ]d-b-s-Sp--Xv. m\- t`- Z-m {]mW- \pw, BZn- Xy\pw thsd- thsd Ft]mse ImW-s- Spp Fnepw Ahv kzcq- ]- t`- Z-an.

aqmw Jw

kam\ D Ghmbw Nm ku tNmjvtWmf bapjvtWmf ku, kzc-C-Xo-aam NtX

194

kzc CXn {]Xym-kzc CXy-apw, XkvamZzm GX ana aapw tNmZvKo-Yap-]m-ko-X. {]mW-\pw, BZn-Xy\pw KpWw sImv Hcp-t]m- se-bm- W.v {]mW DjvW-\m- Ip-p. kqcy\pw DjvW- \m-Ip- p. kzc Fv {]mWs\ ]d-bp-p. kzc Fpw {]Xym-kz-c Fp BZn-Xys\ ]d-bp-p. AXp-sImv {]mW-\pw, BZnXy-\p-amb Cu DZvKo-Ys D]m-kn--Ww.

AY-J-eq-ZvKo-Ym--cm-Wyp-] m-k otXm ZvKoY CXn; {]mW Gthm-Xv, {]mtW-\ -lyp-n-j vT-Xn, hmox hmtNm-l-Knc CXym-N-tX, A-sY, Atlo Zwkhw nXw.

AY-Jep hym\-ta-thm-ZvKoY

ap]m-koX;

bssZz-{]m-WnXn k{]mtWm; bZ-]m-\n Xntkmf ]m\x AYbx {]mWm-]m-\tbmx knx khym\x tbmhym\x km hmIv Xkvam-Z-{]m-W\-]m-\ hmN-a`n hyml-c-Xn. C\n hym\-\mbn DZvKo-Ys D]m-kn--Ww. {]mW\w sNp-Xv GtXm, AXp {]mW-\m-sWp ]d-bp-p. A]am-\n-p-Xv GtXm B hrn hntijw A]m-\-\m-Ip-p. {]mW-hr- n-b p-tS-b pw, A]m-\-hr-n- bp-tSbpw kn GXm-tWm, AXv hym\ BIp-p. hym\ GtXm AXp hmm-Ip-p. AXn-\m {]mWn-m-sX-bpw, A]-am-\n-msXbpw hmv D-cn-p-p.

C\n DZvKoYw Fp DZvKo-Ym-- c-sf D]m-kn-Ww. {]mW Xs DX F A-c-am-Ip-p. {]mW-s\sImp Fmw Dm\w sNbvXn-cn-p-p. hmv Knx F A-c-am-Ip-p. hmp-Isf, Kocp-I Fv ]d-bm-dp-v. Y F A-cs A- ambn ImW-Ww. CsXmw An nXn-sN-p-p.

Zyutc-thm, Z-cow Kox ]rYn-hoYw; BZnXy Gthm, Zzmbpo, cn-w; kma-thZ Gthm Zyqth-tZm-Ko, cytKz-Zw; ZpKvt kvssa, hmKvtZmlw tbm hmtNm tZmtlmf ]m-\-mtZm `hXn b GXm-t\yhw hnZzm-\p-Zn-K o-Y m-c-Wyp-]mkvX DZv-KoY CXn.
tZymhv DXv F A-c-am-Ip-p. B Imcw Ko F A-c-am- Ip-p. ]rYnhn Y F A-c-am-Ip- p. DXv F Acw BZn-Xy-\m-Ip-p. hmbp Ko F A-c-am-Ip-p. An Y F A-c-hp-am-Ip-p. kma-thZw DXv F A-c-am-Ip-p. bPqthZw Ko F A-c-am-Ip-p. EtKzZw Y F A-c-am-Ip-p. bmsXm-cp-h C{]-Im-c-adnv DZvKoY Fp A-c-sf D]m-kn-p-p-thm, Ah- m-bn- p hmv bmsXm-m-tWm, hmntm tZmlw B tZmls tZml\w sNp-p. am{X-a-, Ah hfsc A-ap-h-\mbpw As B{K-l n-p--h -\mbpw Xocp- p.

bmhmIv kIv, Xkvam-Z-{]m-W\ ]m\-\r-Na-`n-hym-l-c-Xn, bIv, Xm-a, Xkvam-Z-{]m-W -\-]m-\ kma-Km-bXn bm ak DZvKoY kvXkvamZ {]mW--\-]m-\-p-ZvKm-b -Xn.
hmv GXmtWm AXmWv Ev. AXn-\m {]mW-hym]mcw sNm-sX-bpw, A]m-\-hym-]mcw sNm-sX- bpw, EIv D-cn-p-p. Ev GXmtWm AXp kma-am-Ip-p. AXn\m {]mWn-m-sX-bpw, A]-am-\n-m-sX-bpw, kmas Km\w sNp-p. kmaw GtXm AXp- Xs DZvKo-Y-am-Ip-p. AXn-\m {]mWn-m-sXbpw A]m-\n-m-sXbpw DZvKm\w sNp- p.

AY-Jezmiox karn cp]-k-c-Wm-\oXyp hmko-X, tb \ kmav\m kvtXmjy kym Xv kmtam-]-[m-th-Xv.


C\n Ima--fpsS karn Fns\ DmIpw? AXns\-n ]d-bp-p. D]-an-t--hsb [ym\n-t--hsb, Fns\ D]m-kn-Ww? GXp {]tXyI kmaw sImv kvXpXn-p-hm t]mIp-pthm B kmas D]-[m-h\w sN-Ww.

AtXm bm\y-\ym\n ho-hn ImWn bYm-t-\-amtPx kcWw Zr[-\y-[-\pj Bb-a-\a {]mW--\-]m\w kvXm\o-I-tcmXn; GX-ky-tltXm hym\ tathm-ZvKoY ap]m-k n-X .
AXn-\m Ansb IS-s-Sp-p-I, Hcp m\p \nv a-cn-tm-Sp-I, Dd-p hnp hen-p-I, XpS-nb I-, {]mWm-]m\ hrn-I IqSmsX temIw sNpp. AXn-\m hym\ Xs-bmb DZvKo-Ys D]m-kn --Ww.

bky-arNn Xmar-Nw, bZmtjbw Xarjow bmw tZh-Xm-a`n tmjy kymXv Xmw tZh-X m-ap-] -[ m-th-Xv.
GXp En-em-tWm, B En-t\bpw GXp Ejnsb kw_- n-mtWm B Ejn-tb-bpw, GXp tZh-Xsb kvXpXnp-h m t]mIp- pthm B tZh-X -tbbpw D]-[ m\w sN-Ww.

195

tb\ Okm kvtXmjy kymX-X D][m thXv, tb\-kvtXm-ta-\-kvtXmjy amWx kymw kvtXma-ap-]-[m-thXv
GXp Op- p- sImv kvXpXn- p- hm t]mIp- pthm B O-ns\ Nnn--Ww. GXp kvtXmaw-sImv kvXpXn-phm t]mIp-pthm B kvtXmas Nnn-bpw thWw.

bZv hm EN-am]vt\m tXymantXy hmXn kzc-tXyhw km ssahw bPq-tcj D kztcm btZ-X-c taX-Z-arX `bw XXv {]hniy tZhm AarXm A`b A`-h

bmw Znia`n-tmkymw Zni-ap-]-[m-thXv


GXp Znns\ A`n-hym-]nv kvXpXn-p-hm t]mIppthm B Znns\ Nnn--Ww.

B-\-a-X D]-krXy kvXphoX Imaw [ymb {]atmf `ytiml bZwkvssa k Imax kar-t[yX bImax kvXpho-X.
HSp-hn Xs- s Nnnv Imaw [ym\n-p-sIm-v, {]amZw hcmsX kvXpXn--Ww. bmsXmcp I-n, bmsXmcp Ima-tm-Sp-IqSn kvXpXn-p-p-thm, B In, B Imaw AXn-thKw karn {]m]n-pw.

Ftm Ens\ Aym-b-\w-sImp {]m]n-p-tm, Atm "Hmw' Fp BZ-c-thmSp IqSn D-c n--Ww. Cns\ kmas {]m]n-p-tmgpw bPq-ns\ {]m]n-ptm-gpw, Cu Acw GXm-tWm, AXv kzc-am-Ipp. CXv Aar-X- hpw, A`-b-hp-am-Ip-p. CXns\ {]m]nn-v, tZh-m Aar-X-m-cm-bpw, A`-b-m-cmbpw Xop.

kb GX tZhw hnZzm-\-cw {]Wu tXyX tZhm-cw kzc-a-ar-Xa-`bw {]hn-iyXn; XXv {]hn-iy, bZ-arXm tZh-kvX-Z-artXm `hXn
tZh-m-sc-tm-se, bmsXm-cp-h Cu Acw Aar-Xsa-pw, A`-b-sa-p-ap KpW-tmSp IqSn Adnv kvXpXn-p-p-thm, Ah kzchpw Aar-Xhpw A`-b-hpamb Cu A- c- ns {]th-in-p-p. CXn {]thin-nv tZh-m, GXv Aar-X-Xz-tmSp IqSn-b-h-cmbn `hnp-p-thm, AtX Aar-X-Xz-tmSp IqSn-b-h-\m-bn-ocp-p.

\memw Jw
Hman-tXyX Z-c-ap-ZvKo-Y-ap-]m-knX; HmanXn lypZvKm-bXn Xtkym] hymJym\w
Hman-tXyX Fp XpSn {]Ir-X-amb A-cs hopw FSpp ]d-n-cn-p-p. CXv DXvKo-Ym- cw apXem-bhbpsS D]m-k-\-n, CSp apSw h-Xp-sIm- mWv (""Hm anXym-XXv'' CXymZn Hmw J-ns BZnbn hymJym-\n-n-p-v.)

Amw Jw
{]mWm- ZnXy Zrn- tbmSp IqSnb DZvKo- Y-ns D]m- k\ ]d-Xp A\p-h-Znv {]W-h-tbpw DZvKo-Y-tbpw Hmn AXn {]mW--fp-tSbpw civan-I-fp-tSbpw t`Zam-Ip KpW-ap Zrn-tbmSp IqSn-bXpw [mcmfw ]p{Xm-cp-m-IpI F ^e-tm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bXpw Bb A-cns D]m-k\ ]d-bp--Xn-\mbn D-c-{Kw Bcw-`np-p.

tZhm ssh artXym_n-`y-X-kv{Xbnw hnZym.. {]mhn-i; tX Otm-`n-c-m-Z-b; btZ`n cm-Zbw kvX-kmw O-kvXzw.
tZh-m, amc-I-amb Akp-c- ]m-]s `b-s-p-sIm-v, {Xbo-hn-ln-X-amb Iw Bcw-`n-p. Ah O-p-sImv AXns\ ad-p. OmZ\w sNp-Xv bmsXm-mtWm AXv, O-p-I-fpsS O-m-bn-cn-p Ah--bm-Ip-p.

AY-Jep b DZvKoYx k {]Whx k DZv KoY CXyku hm BZnXy DZvKoY Gj {]Wh HmanXn tlj-kz-c-tXn
GXmtWm DZvKo-Y-sap ]d-bp-Xv AXv {]W-h-am-Ipp. AXmtWm {]Whw Fp ]d-bp-Xv AXv DZvKo-Y-amIp-p. CXv {]kn--am-Wtm? Cu BZn-Xy DZvKo-Y-am-Ipp. Ch {]W-h-am- Ip- p. Fp-sIm-s- m Ch Hmw Fp-cn-p-sImp Kan-p-p. -

Xm\p X{X arXypYm ay-ap-ZtI ]cn-]tiy tZhw ]-]-iy-Zr-Nn-kmav\n bPqjn; tX\p hntzmzm ENx kmavt\m bPqjx kzc-tah {]mhn-i
B tZh-m-sc, sshZoI Iw Bcp-`n-n-pw, arXyp DZI-n ay-s, GXp {]Im-c-n-emtWm ImWp--Xv, A{]-Imcw Enepw kma-nepw bPq-nepw ImWp-p. Ah AX-dn-n- v, En\n- pw, kma- n \npw, bPqn\npw hymhr--m- cm-bn-v, kzc-sap ]d-bp Ac-n Xs {]th-in-p.

GXap Ghml a`y-Km-kn-jw, Xkvam-a XztatIm f koXnl Iujo-XInx ]p{Xap hmN; civaowkvXzw ]m-h--bmZv _lpthm sshtX `hn-jyo Xy[n ssZhX

196

Cu BZn-Xy-cq-]amb DZm-KoYw Xas Rm B`n-apJy-tmsS Km\w sNp-p. AXn-\m F\n-v, \o Hcph am{Xw Dm-bn-cp-p. \o civan-I-fm t`Z-tmSp IqSn [ym\n-p-p. \n\v hfsc ]p{X-m Dm-Ipw. CXv AXnssZ-hX-amb D]m-k-\-bm-W.v -

A-cow Em-Ip-p. hmbp kma-am-Ip-p. Ans\-bp Cu kmaw, Cu En A[yp-V-am-Ip-p. AXn\m kmaw En A[yp-V-ambn Km\w sN-s-Sp-p. A-cow ""km'' F A-c-am-Ip-p. A-co-hpw hmbphpw tNXv kma- am-Ip-p.

AYm-[ymw b Ghmbw apJyx {]mWkvX apZvKoY ap]m-koX; Hman-Xn-tlyj kzc-tXn


C\n A[ym {]mW-Zr-n-tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bp DZvKo-tYm]m-k-\sb ]d-bp-p. Cu apJ-n-ep {]mW GtXm, AXmbn Xs DZvKo-Ys D]m-kn--Ww. Cu {]mW ""Hmw'' Fv D-cn-p-sIm-m-Wtm t]mIp--Xv.

Zutc hm-ZnXyx kma; XtZX tZXkym ar Ny [yqVw kma, Xkvam ZrNy [yqVw kma-Ko-b-tX, Zyutc-hkm ZntXym f akvXXv kma.
tZymhv Em-Ip-p. AZn-Xy kma-am-Ip-p. An-s\bp Cu kmaw, Cu Ens tase-bmbn nXn sNpp. AXp-sImp kmaw En A[yq-V-ambn Km\w sNs-Sp-p. tZymhp ""km'' F A-c-am-Ip-p. BZn-Xy ""Ba'' F A-c-am-Ip-p. tZymhpw BZn-Xy\pw IqSn-bXv kma-am- Ip- p.

GXap Ghm-l-a-`y-Km-knjw Xkvam a-Xz-tatIm f koXnl Iujn-XInx ]p{X-ap-hmN; {]mWmw kvXzw `qam\ a`n-Km-b-XmZv _lthm sshta `hnjyo-Xn.
Cu {]W-\m- Ip DZm- Ko- Y- s- s Rm A`n-Km\w sNbvXp. AXn- \m F\nv \o Hcp- h am{Xsa Dp Fv, Ipjo-X-Is ]p{X-t\mSp Rm ]dp. F\np hfsc ]p{X- m Dm-Is Fp A`n-{]m-b-tmSp IqSn, \o _lp-Xz-tm-Sp-Iq-Snb DZvKo-Ys {]mW--fmbn A`nKm\w sNq.

\-{Xm-tWy-hIv N{am: kma XtZ XtZ Xkym ar Ny [yqVw kma Xkvam ZrNy [yqVw kma KobtX; \-{Xm-tWy-h-kmN {am Aa-kvX kma A[yqV kar-n-bp-, Ib-dp
\-{X- Em-Ip-p. N{ kma-am-Ip-p. Ans\-bp Cu kmaw, Cu Ens tase-bmbn nXn sNp-p. AXn-\m kmaw En A[yq-V-ambn Km\w sN-s-Sp-p. \-{X- ""km'' F A-c-am-Ip-p. \-{X- fpw N{\pw IqSn-bXv kma-am-Ip-p.

AY-Jep, b DZvKoYx k {]Wthmbx {]Whx k DZvKoY CXn tlmXrj Z\msshm]n Zpcp-ZvKoX a\p kam-lc Xo Xy\p kam-l-c-XoXn
DZvKoYw GtXm AXv {]W-h-am-Ip-p. {]Whw GtXm AXv DZvKo- Y-am- Ip- p.- tlm-Xm- hns m\p \nv, sXmb DZvKoYw Xncp-n, icn-bm-m-sav Xo-bm-W.v

Bdmw Jw
Cbta hnx kma; XtZ XtZ-Xky arNy [yqUw kma; Xkvam-Zr-Ny-[ypVw kma-Ko-btX; Cb-ta-h -km- n-c- a-kvX-X-kma
Cu hrYzn Em-Ip-p. An kma-am-Ip-p. An-s\bp Cu kmaw, Cu hrYn-hn-bm-Ip En, D]-cn-`m-hn Ccn-p--Xm-bn, Km\w sN-s-Sp-p. Cu hrYnhn km F A-c-am-Ip-p. An Aa-bm-Ip-p. hrYnhnbpw Anbpw tNXv kma-am-Ip-p.

AYb tZXZm ZnXy-ky-iqw `mx sskh KY boew ]cx IrjvWw XXv kma; XtZ XtZ Xkym arNy [yqVw kma; Xkvam ZrNy [yqVw kma-Ko-btX; AY-btZ sshXZm ZnXyky ipw `x sskhkm f Yb-oew ]cw IrjvWw XZ akvXXv kma.
AXp-t]mse BZn-Xys ip-amb Zzo]vXn Em-Ip-p. \oe-ambn Ghpw \mbn ImWp Idpv GtXm AXv kma-am-Ip-p. An-s\-bp kmaw, Cu En AXypV-am-Ip-p. AXp-sImv kmaw En AXyp-V-ambn Km\w sN-s-Sp-p. C\n BZn-Xys ip-amb Zo]vXn GXmtWm AXv ""km'' F A-c-am-Ip-p. \oe-ambn AXn-i-b-I-c-am-bp ""IrjvW-hw'' GtXm AXv ""Aa'' F i_vZ-am-Ip-p. ip-amb Zo]vXnbpw \oe-amb Idppw tNXv kma-am-Ip-p.

A-co ahKzmbpx kma; XtZX tZXkym ar Ny [yqVw kma; Xkvam ZrNy [yqVw kma-Ko btX; A-co--tah km hmbp-c-a kvXXv kma.

AYb Gtjm f cm-ZntXy lnc-bx ]pcptjm ZriytX lnc-Wyiva {ipln-cWy

197

tIi B {]W-JmXv k Gh kphx Xky-bYm I]ymkw ]p-co-I-tah an-Wo, Xtkym-ZnXn \ma, k Gj kt`yx ]m]va`y DZnXx DtZXn l ssh kt`yx ]m]va t`ymb Ghw thZ
BZn-Xys ay-n, lnc-- b-\m-b, bmsXmcp ]pcpjs\ ImWp-p-tm, Ah lnc-Wym-iva-{ip-hpw, lnc-WytI-i- \pw, \hm{Kw apX apgp-h\pw kph-\p-am-Ip-p. Ahs An-I, I]n-bpsS ]r-ns Xmsg Aw t]mse-bm-Ip-p. Xma-c-qhv Fn-s\-tbm, An-s\-bm-Ipp. Ahs \maw Ds Fm- Ip-p. An- s\-bp Cu tZh Fm ]m]- - fn \npw Db- h- \m- Ip- p. bmsXmcp-h C{]-Imcw Adn-bp-p-thm, Ah Fm hn[ ]m]-fn \npw Db-cp-p.

kmaw En A[yq- V-ambn Km\w sN- s- Sp- p. Npv "km' F A-c-am-Ip-p. Bmhv "Aa' F i_vZ-amIp-p. Nppw Bmhpw tNXv kma-am-Ip-p.

t{im{X-ta-hv a\x kma; XtZ XtZ-kym-ar-Ny-[yqVw kma; Xkvam-ZrNy [ypVw kma-Ko-btX; t{im{X-ta-hkm at\m f akvXXv kma.
t{im{Xw Em-Ip-p. a\v kma-am-Ip-p. An-s\bp kmaw Cu Ens taem-Ip-p. AXp-sImv kmaw En A[yq-V-am- Ibn Km\w sN- s- Sp-p. t{im{Xw "km' F A-c-am-Ip-p. t{im{Xhpw a\pw IqSn-bXv kmaam-Ip-p.

XkyIv N kma N tKjvWu Xkvam-Zp-Zn-KoY kvXkvamtz thmZvKm ssXX-ky-ln-KmXm k Gj tb Nmap-jvaXv ]cm-tmtem ImkvtXjmw tNt tZh-Im-am\mw tN Xy[n ssZhXw
Ah\v Epw, kma-hpw, app-I-fm-Ip-p. AXn-\m B tZh DZvKo-Y-sap ]d-bs-Sp- p. AXp-sIm- p-Xs Ds \ma-tm-Sp-Iq-Snb Cu tZhs KmXmhv Dns\ Km\w sNp- -h-\m- Ip-p. An- s\-bp Ds- p-t]-tcmSp-Iq- Snb Cu tZh, BZn- Xy\p taep temI- bmsXmm-tWm, Ah-pw, tZh-Im-a-pw Cui-\m-Ip-p.

AY btZ-X-ZvWx ipw `x sskh KY-b-oew ]cw IrjvWw XXv kma; XtZ XtZ Xkym arNy [yqVw kma Xkvam-ZrNy [yqVx kma-Ko-btX; AY-b-tZ-sshX ZvWx ipw `mx sskhkm f Yb-o ew ]cx IrjvWw XZ-a-kvXXv kma.
AXp-t]mse An-bpsS Cu ip-amb Zzo]vXn GtXm AXv Em-Ip-p. \o-e-ambpw Ghpw IrjvW-am-bp-Xv GtXm AXv kma-am-Ip-p. An-s\-bp Cu kmaw Cu En A[yq-V -am-b n-c n-p-p. AXp-sImp kmaw En\v taem-bn-cn-p-p. kmaw En\p taembn Km\w sN-s-Sp-p. C\n An-bpsS Cu ip-amb Zo]vXn GtXm AXv "km' F-Xm-Ip-p. \o-e-ambpw Ghpw IrjvW-am-bp-Xpw GtXm AXv "Aa' F i_vZ-am-Ipp. AXv iphpw Irjvahpw Bb Zo]vXn-I IqSnb kmaam-Ip-p.

Ggmw Jw
hm tKhIv {]mWx kma; XtZ XtZ Xkym arNyp [yqVw kma; Xkvam ZrNy [yqVw kma-Ko-b-tX, hmtK-hkm; {]mtWmax Xma
C\n A[ym-- amb kzcq]w ]d-bp-p. hmv Em-Ipp. {]mW kma-am-Ip-p. A-s\-bp Cu kmaw Cu En\p taem-bn-cn-p-p. AXp-sImp kmaw En\v taembn Km\w sN-s-Sp-p. hmv ""km'' F A-cam-Ip-p. {]mW ""Aa'' Fp i_vZ-am-Ip-p. hmpw {]mW\pw IqSn-bXv kma-am-Ip-p.

AYb Gtjm f c-nWn ]pcptjm ZriytX sskhIv Xm-a, XZp-IvYw, XZy PqkvXZv {_ Xssky Xky XtZh cq]w bZ-ap-jy-cq-]w, bmh-ap-jy, tKjvWu-Xu-tK-jvWu, bm-aX ma.
In-\p-n GXp ]pcp-j-\mtWm ImW- s-Sp-Xv AXv Em-Ip-p. AXv kma-am-Ip-p. AXv DIvY-am-Ip-p. AXv bPq-m-Ip-p, AXv {_-am-Ip-p, AXv aqp thZ-fpw BIp-p. Ah-s, B BZnXy ]pcp-js cq]w GtXm, AXp Xs Cu Nmp-j-tbpw cq]-am-Ip-p. BZn-Xy-]pcp-js ]- Gh-bmtWm Ah Ch-tbpw tKj-W- fm-Ip- p. BZn-Xy-]p- cp-js \ma- ta- tXm, AXv Cu Nmpjs \ma-am-Ip-p.

Np-tc-h Kmm-kma; XtZ XtZ Xky-arNy [ypVw kma; Xkvam Zr Ny [yqVw kma KobtX; Nptc hkm ff f akvXXv kma
Npv Em-Ip-p. Bmhv kma-am-Ip-p. Ans\-bp Cu kmaw Ens taem-bn-cn-p-p. AXn-\m

Nmpjw Bdm-as a\p

198

k Gj tb ssNX kvamZhm-tm-temIm kvtXjmw tNt, a\p-jy-Im-am\mw tNXn, XZy Cta hoWmbmw Kmb-tyXw tX Kmbn Xkvamt [\-k-\bx
C-s \-b p Cu Nmp-j-\ mb ]pcp-j , Cu Aym-n-I-amb Bm-hn \nv, Cp-d-ap temI- GXmtWm Ahbvpw a\pjyIma-pw Cui-\m-Ipp. AXn-\m, GXp Kmb-I hoW-bn Km\w sNppthm Ah Chs\ Km\w sNp- p. AXn-\m Ah, [\-hm-\m-Ip-p.

cm-Wsm? \n A\p-h-Zn-p ]w, \apv DZvKoYs kw_-nv Nnn-mw.

XtYXn l kap-]-hn-hnipx k l {]hm-ltWm ssPh-en-cp-hmN `mK-hm ht{i-h-ZXmw; {_m-W -tbm-ZtXm hmNw t{imjym-anXn
An-s\-bm- Is Fv ]dv Ah Ccp- p. B Pohe-]p-{X-\mb {]hm-lW ]d-p. `K-hm BZyw hZnmepw. hmZn-p {_m-W- cmb \n-fpsS hmp Rm tImw.

B ime-hms ]p{X ine-I NnIn-Xm- b\ ]p{X-\mb bmsXm-cp- C{]-Im-c-a-dn-p-sIm-v, kmaw Km\w Zmev`y-t\mSv ]d-p. ""Av A\p-h-Zn-p ]w AsNp- p- thm, Ah B BZn-Xy-\n IqSn BZn-Xy-\n-ep tbmSv Rm tNmZn-mw.'' CXp tIv at-bm ""tNmZnp tZh-\m-bn-on-v, Ah-\n \nv taep temI- sImpI'' Fp-cw ]d-p. GtXm Ah-tb-bpw, tZh-Im-a--tfbpw {]m]n-p-p.

AYb GX-tZhw hnZym kma-Kmb Xyp`u kKm-bXn; tkm f apss\h k Gj tbNm apjvamXv ]cmtm tem ImkvXmw m f ]vt\mXn tZh-Im-amw-.

k l ineIx imem-h-Xy-ss-InXm b\w Zmev`y aphmN l Xzm _rm-\o-Xn, ]rtXn tlm hmN

AYmt\ ss\h tb ssNX-kvam-Zhtm temIkvXmw m ff ]vt\mXn a\p-jy-Im-amw XkvamZp sslhw hnZp-ZvKmXm {_qbm-Xv. Iw tX Ima amKm-bm-\oXn; Gj-tlyh Imam-Km-\-tky-tb Ghw hnZzm kma-Km-bXn kma-Km-bXn
AXp-t]mse Cu Nmp-j-\n IqSn, Ch-\n \npw Ap-d-ap temI- Fh-bmtWm Ah-bpw, a\p-jy-Ima-sf {]m]n-pp. AXn-\m C{]-Im-c-a-dn-bph\mb DZvKm-Xmhv tNmZn-p-p. ""\n\v GXp Imas Rm BKm\w sNWw?'' Fs-m bmsXm-cp- Cu {]Im- c-a-dnp kmaw Km\w sNp- pthm Ah Ima-sf B Km\w sNp--Xn-\v, Cui-\mbn `hn-p-p.

Imkmavt\m KXn-cnXn kzc-C-XntlmhmN kzc-ky-Im-K-Xn-cn-Xn, {]mW CXn-tlm-hmN {]mW-kyIm KXn-cn-Xn, A-anXn tlm hmN Aky Im KXn-cnXn B] CXn-tlm-hm-N

kma-n\v B{ibw FmWv? Fv ine-I tNmZnp. Zmev`y kma-n\p KXn kzc-am-sWv Dcw ]dp. kzc-n\p KXn Fm-sWv tNmZn-p. {]mW Fp-cw ]d-p. {]mW-\p- KXn FmWv Fp tNmZnp. A-sa-p-cw ]d-p. A-n\p KXn FmsWv tNmZn-p. AXn\v Ap-I Fv Dcw ]d-p. A- ap-m-Ip--X,v Ap-I \nan--am-Wtm?

Fmw Jw
{Xtbm tlmZv KotY Ipiem _`qhpx ineIx imem-h-Xy, ssIn-Xm-bt\m Zmev`yx, {]hm-ltWm ssPh-en-cnXn tXmtlmNp cpZvKKIotY ssh Ipiex kvtam ltmZv KotY IYmw hZma CXn.
iem-hms ]p{X-\mb ine-I, NnIn-Xm-b-\s ]p{X\mb `mev`y, Poh-es ]p{X-\mb {]hm-l-W, Cs\ aqp-t] DZvKo-Y-n Ipi-e-m-cm-bn-p- m-bn-cp- p. Ah ]dp \mw DZvKo-Y-n Ipi-e-m-scp {]kn--

A]mw Im KXn-cnXn; Aku-temI CXn tlmhmN Aap-jy-tem-I-kyIm KXn-cnXn; \ kzw temI-a-Xn-\tb ZnXn tlmhmN; kzKw hbw temIw kmam-`n-kw-m-]-bmax, kzK kwkvXmhw ln kma CXn.
Ap-Iv FmWv KXn-sbp tNmZn-p. AttemIw Fp ]d-p. At-tem-In\v FmWp KXn Fp tNmZn-p. Zmev`y AXn-\p-cw ]d-p. kz-amIp temIw IS-n-sImp t]mI-bn Fm-Wv. AXn\m \ kmas kz-tem-In A`n-kw-m-]nmw. kmaw kz-sa \ne-bn kvXpXn--s-Sp--Xm-W.v

Xw l ineIx ime-h-Xy-ss-In-Xm-b\w Zmev`y aphmNx A{]-Xn-nXw Ine tX Zmev`y-kma; bkvtXz-Xln {_qbm aq mtX hn]n-Xn-jy-co-Xn, aqmtX hn]tX ZnXn.

199

C{]-Imcw ]d NnIn-Xm-b-\-]p-{X-\mb Zmev`y-t\mSv imem-h-Xy-\mb ine-I ]dp: Atbm Zmev`y, \ns A`n-{]m-b-n kmaw A{]-Xn-n-X-am-bn-cn-p-p. Bscnepw Hcp-h Ctm \ns aqmhv hn]-Xnpw Fv ]d-Ibm-sW-n \ns aqmhv hn]-Xn-ptam?'' -

{]Xn-jvT-am-Ip-p. aqp Ime- n-epw, `qX--fp Dn sS nXn-e-b- BIm-i- n-em-Ip-p.

A-s\-bp Cu DZvKoYw ]c\pw ]tcm-h-co-b-\p-amIp-p. An-s\-bp Cu DZvKoYw A\--am-Ip-p. Bcv C{]-Im-c-a-dnv ]tcm-h-co-b-\mb Cu DZvKo-Ys D]m-knAv A\p- h-Zn-p-I-bm-sW-n CXv Rm ]qPy-\mb p-pthm Ah\p D-tcm-cw hnin--X-c-amb Poh\w At- bpsS ASp- \nv Adn-bp-hm B{K- ln-pp Dm-Ip- p. Ah D-tcm-cw hnin- - X- c- - fmb temIFv Zmev`y ]d-p. Adn- p-sIm-pI Fv ine-I Pbn-p-p. D-chpw ]d-p. At temIn-\p -KXn FmWv? Xw ssl XaXn[\zm iu\I DZc imn Fp tNmZnp. Cu temIw Fv Dcw ]d-p. {]Xneymtbm-tzm-hmN bmhXv X G\w jvT-bmb Cu temIs IS- n-sIm-p-t]m- I-bn- . Fpw {]Pmbm apZvKoYw thZn-jy-t, ]tcm-hco Dcw ]d- p. \appw kmaw {]Xn-jT-amb temI- n v tbm ssl`y-kvXm-h-Z-kvan tmI Poh\w A`n-kw-m-]n-mw. Fs-m kmaw {]Xn-jvT-bmbn kvXpXn--s-Sp--Xm-W-tm. `hn-jy-X n.

lm lta-XZv `K-htXm thZm-\nXn; hnnXn tlmhmN Aapjy temIky ImK-Xn-cnXn; \{] Xnmw temI-a-Xn-\tb ZnXn-tlm-hmN {]Xnmw hbw temIw kmam-`n-kw-m-]-bmax {]Xnm kwkvXm-hwln kmtaXn

k Gj ]tcm-hco bm\p-ZvKoYx k Gtjm \x, ]c-h-cotbm lmky `hXn; ]tcm hco-btkm l temIm PbXn b GX tahw hnZzm ]tcm-h-co-bmw-kap-ZvKoY ap]mkvtX

Xwl {]hm-ltWm ssPh-en-cp-hm-N, Ah ssZzIn-etX imem-h-Xy, kma, bkvtXz Xln {_qbm-ptX hn]-Xnjy XoXn aqmtX hn]tX ZnXn lml taXXv `htXm thZm-\oXn hnoXn tlmhmN

An-s\-bp Cu DZvKo-Ys ip\Is ]p{X- \mb AXn [\zmhv DZ-c-im-n- ey\v ]dp sImSp-nv ]d- p. \ns k-Xn-I-fn bmsXm-cp- Ah-km\w hsc Cu DZvKoYw Adn-bp-tam, Ah hscpw Ch temI-n D-tcm-cw hnin--amb Poh\w e`n-p--Xm-W.v

XYm apjvan temICXn kb GX-tahw

Ah-t\mSv Poh-e-] p-{X-\mb {]hm-l-W ]d-p. hnZzm-\p-]mkvtX ]tcm-h-cob Gh Atbm imem-h-Xym, \ns A`n-{]m-b-n kmaw Almkym-k va n ap- -Xm-Wtm? Bsc- nepw \ns aqmhv hn]- Xn- p- sav temtI Poh\w `hXn XYm f apjvan temtI Cu k`-n ]d-bp ]w \ns aqmhv hn]-XntemI CXn temtI temI CXn ptam? Ahn-Ss A\p-hm- Z-ap ]w Rm CXv am\y\mb Ahn-Ss ASp- \nv Adn-bp-hm B{K-lnAXp-t]mse ]c-tem-I-n ]tcm-h-co-b-amb temIw pp Fv ine-I ]d-p. AXn\v Adn-p-sImI knn-pw. imn-ey-t\mSv iu\-I ]d-p. Bcv C{]Fv {]hm-l-W Dcw ]d-p. Im- c-a-dnv DZvKoYw D]m-kn-p-p- thm, Ah\p Cu temIn D-tcm-cw hnin--X-c-am-bn-- t-bp Poh\w Dm-Ip-p. A{]-Imcw ]c-tem-I-n temIw knn-pH]Xmw Jw p. temtI-temI CXn Fp cp {]mhiyw ]d-n-cnp-Xv DZvKo-tYm-]m-k\w kam-]X-ambn Fp ImWn-pv Aky-tem-Iky Im KXn-cnXn; BImi CXn -Xn-\m-W.v tlmhm-N, khmWn lhm Cam\n `qXm\ym

Imim-tZh kap]-Zyt; BImiw {] XykvXw bn; BIm-tim-tlym-ssh-t`ymPym bm; BImix ]cm-bWw


Cu temI-n\v KXn Fsp tNmZn-p. BIm-isap ]d-p. Cu `qX--sfmw BIm-i- p-\n-p-Xs Dm-Ip-p. BIm-i- n AkvX-an-p-p. BImiw Cu `qX-sf Fm-n-t\bpw Im al--c-am-W.v BImiw

]mw Jw
aS Nol-tXjp Ipcp-jzm-SnIym kl-Pmb tbmj-kvXnl Nm{Im-bW C`y-{Kmta {]m {ZmWI Dhm-k.
Ipcp-tZ-i-p kky- CSn-o- sIm p \in-n- s--tm C`y-{Km- a- n N{Is ]p{X- \mb DjkvXn F

200

I B kv{Xoe--W- apgp-h hp XnI-n-n-m


`mcy-tbmSp IqSn, Aw e`n-m-bvI-bm I-n-Xn-bnembngn-p-h- p.

Xw Pmtbm hmNx l! ]X Ca Gh Ipevamjm CXn; Xm JmZnXzm f apw bw hnX-X -ta-bmb

kwtl`yw Ipevam-jm JmZw _n`n-tXw tlmhmN: t\tXm f t\y hnZyt; ba Ca D]-\n-lnXm CXn.
Ah Ipn-X--fmb amj-sf `n-p-sIm-n-cnp C`y-t\mSv `n tNmZn-p. Dj-kvXn-tbmSv C`y ]dp. Fs ASp- ]m{X-n-en-n-p Cu Ipevam-j (Hcp hI [m\yw) Gh-bmtWm Ah-b-msX thsd C. Rm FmWp sNpI?

Dj-kvXn-tbmSv `mcy ]dp: `mth An-s\-bmsW- n Cu Ipevam- j- Xsbp- tm. DjkvXn Ah `n-nv hnkvXm-c-ap B bs {]m]n-p.

Xt{Xm-Zv-KmXr \mkvXm thkvtXmjy-am-W\pt]m hhn-thi kl {]-kvtXm-Xmc aphmN


(A-h) bmK--ev sNp. kvXpXn-p eamb BkvXm-h-n kvXpXn-p-hm t]mIp DZvKm-Xm-fmb Bfp-IfpsS ASp- Ccp-p. Ah {]kvXm-hnt\mSp ]dp

GtXjmw tatZ-lnXn tlmhmN; Xm\kvssa {]Z-sZu; lm\p ]m\-anXn; Dnw sshta ]oXw kymZnXn tlmhmN
C`y ]d-- Xp-tIv Ch F\np Xcq Fv DjkvXn ]d-p. Ah Dj-kvXnv sImSp-p. A\-cw ASp-ncn-p Pew Nqn CXm A\p- ]m\w Fv C`y ]d-p. Rm IpSn-p-Xv Dn-jT-am-bn-cn-p-atm F DjkvXn v ]d-p.

{]kvtXm Xm tZhXm {]-kvXm-h-a\zm bm Xmw tNZ hnZzm {]kvtX jykn aqmtX hn]-Xn-jy-Xo-Xn.
{]kvtXm-Xmth! GXp tZh-X-bmtWm {]kvXm-h-n A\p-K-X-bm-bn-cn-p-- Xv, AXv Adn-bmsX \o {]m-hn-phm t]mhp-I-bm-sW-n, \ns aqmhv hoWp-t]mhpw Fv ]d-n-cn-p-p.

\ kzntZtX ]pnm CXn \hm A Pohn-jy-an-am\ JmZ-nXn tlmhmN Imtama DZI ]m\-anXn
Cu Ipevam-j-fpw Dn---fmtWm C`y tNmZn-p. Cu Ipevam-j- `- C- m-Xn-cp- m Rm Pohn--bn Fp shw IpSn-p-Xv Fs C-amWv Fpw DjkvXn ]d-p.

k l JmZnXzm f Xnti-jm Pmbmbm BP lmc; km f {KX Gh kp`n-m-_-`qh; Xm {]Xn-Krly \nZ[u


Ah `n-n-v, an-ap Ipjva-j-sf `mcyv sImp-sNp sImSp-p. Ahp AXn\p ap]m-bns \ `n e`n-n-cp-p. AXn-\m Dj-kXn-sIm-pv sN Ipjvam-jsf hmn, kqn-p-hp. -

Ghta thmZvKm-c-ap-hmN DZvKm-Xw tZhtXm ZvKoY a\zm-b-m, XmwtNZ hnZzm-\p-ZvKmky kn aqmtX hn]-Xn-jy-XoXn Gh-tah {]Xn-lmc aphmN {]Xn lm tZhXm {]Xn-lmc a\zm-b-m, Xmw tNZ-hn-Zzm {]Xn-l-cn-jykn aqm-tX, hn]-Xn-jy-XoXn tXl kam-cXm kvXpjvWo amkmw N{Intc
DZvKm-Xm-hn-t\mSv Cs\ ]dp: DXvKm-Xmth GXp tZh-X-bmtWm DZvKo-Y-n A\p-K-X- bm-bn-cn-p-Xv B tZh-Xtb Adn-bmsX \o ZvKo\w sNm t]mhp-I-bm-sWn \ns aqmhv hn]-Xnpw Cns\ {]Xn-lmhn-t\mSp ]d- p. {]Xn- lmth GXp tZh- X-bmtWm {]Xnlm-cn A\p-K-X-bm-bn-cn-p--Xv, B tZh-Xsb Adnbm-sX, \o {]Xn-l-cn-p-hm t]mIp-I-bm-sW-n, \ns aqmhv hn]-Xn-pw. Ah I- -fn \np-a-S-n-bh-cm-bnv Nm{I-b-Hm-W--`n-ap-J-am-bnv anm-sX-bn-cp-p.

k l {]mXx kwPn-lm\ DhmN: bZv _Xm--ky-et`-a-ln, et`-a-ln-[\ am{Xmw; cmPm f kub--tX, kam kssh cmn-ssP hrWo-tX-Xn.
DjkvXn cmhnse \n{Z shSn--tm ]d-p. Fp sNmw? Aev]w Aw \app e`n-s-n, Aev]w [\w \apv Inp-am-bn-cp-p. CXm cmPmhv bmKw sNp-hm t]mIp-p. Ah Fm-h-Ibpw e`n-p EXzn-p-IfpsS I-mbn Fs hcn-p-am-bn-cp-p.

]Xn- s \mmw Jw
AY ssl\w bP-am\ DhmN:- `K-hw hm Alw hn hnZn-jmWn Xn Dj-kvXn-ckvan Nm{Im-bW CXn-tlm-hm-N.
Dj-kvXn- tbmSv bmKw sNp cmPmhv ]dp `K- hmt\ Rm Adn- bp- - Xn-\m-{K- ln- p- p. Rm N{Is ]p{X- \mb

201

I Dj-kvXn-bm-Ip-p. Fv Nm{Im-b-W Dcw ]d-p.


ktlm-hmN: `K-hw hm Al-ta`nx kss-cmzn ssPyx ssjnjw, `K htXmhm Al-a-hnym f \y\-hr-jn. `Khmw kvtXzhta kss-cmzn ssPycnXn XtY-Xn. AY-XtlyX Gh ka-Xn-krm: kvX phXmw bmh-t-t`ym-[\w ZZym-kvXm-h--a-ZZym CXn. XtY Xnl-b-P-am\ DhmN
bP-am-\ ]dp: Rm Cu Fm EXzn-p-I-fpsS I-m-bpw, `K-hms\ At\z-jn-p. `K-hms\ Inm-Xp-sIm-mWv Rm thsd Bfp-Isf hcn--Xv. Fs Fm EXzn-I-pw C\n `K- hm Xs thWw. A{]Imcw BIs Fv DjkvXn k-Xn-p. A-s\-bm-sWn Ap-apt hcn-n-p--h-sc--s, Fm A\ph-Zn--s--h-cm-bnv kvXpXn--s. Ahv F{X-[\w \o sImSp-p-pthm A{Xbpw F\npw Xc-Ww. An-s\bm-Is Fv bP-am-\ ]d-p.

\pZv Kmky-kn, aqmtX hn]-Xnjy XoXn am `K-hm-\thm NXv, IX-amkm tZhXm CXn.

DZvKm-Xmhv Dj-kvXnsb hn\-b-tm-Sp-IqSn D]-K-an-p. DZvKm-Xm-th, GXp tZh-X-bmtWm DZvKo-Y-n A\p-K-Xbm-bn-cn-p-Xv B tZh-Xsb Adn-bmsX \o DZvKm\w sNp-Ibm-sW-n \ns aqmhv hn]-Xnpw Fv FtmSv `hm ]d-p-h- tm. DZvKoY `n-bn A\pK-X- bmb B tZhX GXmWv?

BZnXy CXn tlmhmN: khmWn hm Cam\n `qXm-\ym-ZnXy apssx kw-Km-bn; sskjm tZh-tXm-XvKoY a\zm-b-m, Xmw tNX hnZzm\p ZKm-tkym, aqmtX hy]-Xn-jyXv XtYm- -k y- a-tb-X n.
BZn-Xy Fp ]dp Cu `qX--sfmw apI-fn nXn-sN-p BZn-Xys\ Km\w sNp-p. DZvKo-Y-`-nbn A\p-K-X-bmb tZhX CXm-Ip-p. B tZh-Xtb AdnbmsX \o DZvKm\w sNbvXn-cpp Fn C{]-Imcw ]d-bs \ns aqmhv ]Xn-p-am-bn-cp-p.

AY ssl\w {]kvtXm-tXm-]-k-km-Z-{]kvtXm Xm-tZ-hXmw {]kvXm-h-a-\zm-b-mXmw tNZ hnZzm {]kvtXm-jykn; antX hn]-Xn-jyXn Xnam `K-hm-\-thm-NXv IXam km tZhXm CXn.

AY ssl\w {]Xn-ltm-h-k-kmZ: {]Xn lm tZhXm {]Xn-lmc a\zm-b-m, Xmw tNZ-hn-Zzm {]Xn-l-cn-jy-kn, aqm

hop {]kvtXm-Xmhv Dj-kXnsb hn\-b-tmSp IqSn v tX hn]-Xn-jy-XoXn am `K-hm\ thmNXv; D]-K-an-p. {]kvtXm-Xmth GXp tZh-X-bmtWm {]kvXm-h-`IXam km tZhXm CXn. n-bn A\p-K-X-bm-bn-cn-p-Xv B tZh-Xsb Adn-bmsX {]kvXm-hn-p-hm t]mhp-I-bm-sW-n, \ns aqmhv A\-cw {]Xn-lmhv Dj-kXntb D]-k-Zn-p. {]Xnv hn]-Xn-pw. Fv FtmSv `K-hm ]d-p-htm? B lm-th, GXp tZh-X-bmtWm {]Xn-lm-c-n A\p-KtZhX GXmWv? X- bm-bn-cn-p--Xv, B tZh-Xtb Adn-bmsX \o {]Xn-l-cn{]mW CXn tlmhmN khmWn lhm Cam\n -bm-sW-n \ns aqmhv hn]-Xnpw Fv FtmSv `hm ]d-p-htm? B tZhX GXmW?

`qXm\n {]mW-ta-hm-`n-kw-hn-in; {]mW-a`yp nltX; sskjm tZhXm {]kvXm-h -a-\zm-b-m, Xmw tNZ-hn-Zzm {]kvtXmtjym aqmtX hy] XnjyXv XtYm- -ky-a-tb-Xn.

D]-kZv ip{iq-jn-p-I, Acn-I-n-cn-p-I. A-anXn tlmhmN; khmWnl hm Cam\n `qXm-\y- -tah {]Xn-l-cam-W m\n Pohn sskjm tZhXm {]Xn-lm-c-a-\zm-bm; Xmw tNZ hnZzm {]Xy-lcn-tjym, aqmtX hy]-Xn-jyXv -

{]mW Fp ]d-p. Cu `qX--sfmw {]mW-s\XtYm-ky atb-Xn, XtYm-ky-a-tbXn s A`n-kw-th-in-p-p. {]mWs\ A`n-e-`n-nv DZvKan-p-p. An-s\-bp CXv {]kvXm-h`-n-bn, A\pA- sav ]dp Cu `qX--sfmw A- s- Xs K-X-bmb tZh-Xsb Adn-bmsX \o {]kvXm-hn-n-cp-s-n {]Xn-l-cn-p-sImv Pohn-p-p. {]Xn-lm-c-`-n-bn A\pA{]-Imcw ]d-b-s \ns aqmhv hn]-Xn-p-am-bn-cp-p. K-X-bmb tZhX A-am-Ip-p. B tZh-Xsb Adn-bmsX AY ssl\-ap-ZvKtXm ]k-kmZ DZvKmX \o {]Xn-l-cn-n-cpp Fn A{]-Imcw ]d-b-s \ns aqmhv ]Xn-p-am-bn-cp-p. mtZ-h-tXm-XvKoY a\zm-bm Xmw tNZ-hnZzm

202

I ]{mw Jw
AYmXx iuh DZvKoYx X-_tIm Zmevt`ym mthm hm ssat{Xbx kzm[ymb apZz {]mP
C\n CXp apX izm-fm Ip-]n-Sn--s DZvKm-\amb kmaw ]d-bs-Sp-p. AXn Zs ]p{X-\m-b, _It\m an{X-bpsS ]p{X-\mb mht\m kzm[ymbw sNp-Xn-\mbn DZv{hPn-p. {Kma-n\p shfn-bn-ep hnP-\-e-p Pe-k-ao-]v Fn-Im-n-cp-p.

kma-ns asmcp `mK-amb kvtXmZm--c-sf kw_n--hbpw Hcp-anp Xs A\p-jvTn-t--Xp-amb D]mk-\--sf-n C\n ]d-bp-p.)

Abw hmh-temtIm lm DImtcm hmbp lmC-Imw, {am Al-Imcx, Bt lIm tcm f nco-Imcx
""lmD'' F i_vZw Cu temI-am-Ip-p. lmC F i_vZw hmbp-hm-Ipp AY F kvtXm`w N{-\m-Ip-p. Cl F i_vZw Bm- hm- Ip-p. Cu F i_vZw Anbm-Ip-p.

Xkvssa iztizXx {]mZp_-`qh; Xa-t\ym-izm\ D]-k-tatXym Np Aw t\m `K-hm\m Kmb Xzi-\m-b-ahm CXn.
B Ejnv shfp \nd-ap izmhv {]Xy--am-bn. AXns ASp- sNv ap- izm- ]d-p. `K-hm- \mb Av Rv As B Km\w sImp-m-n-cq. Rv hni-p-p.

BZnXy DuIm-tcm, \nlh GImtcm hntiz-tZhm Hu tlmbn-Imcx, {]Pm-] -Xnlnw-Imcx {]mWx kztcm, f w bm, hmKzn-cmSv
DuImcw BZn-Xy- \m-Ip- p. GImcw Blzm\w BIp-p. Hmtlmbn F kvtXm`w hniz-tZ-hm-cm-Ip-p. lnwImcw {]Pm-]-Xn-bm-Ip-p. kzc-sa kvtXm`w {]mW-\m-Ip-p. b F kvtXm`w A- am- Ip-p. hmIv F kvtXm`w hncm-mIp-p.

Xm tlmhmN: Cssl-ham {]mX-cq-]-kaobm tXXn X _tIm Zmevt`ym mthm hm ssat{Xbx {]Xn-]m-ebmw NImc
B, izm-tfmSv ]dp cmhnse Chn-sS, Fs ASp hcp-hn. AhnsS Zev`-]p- {X-\mb _It\m an{X-bpsS ]p{X-\mb mht\m Imn- cp-p.

A\n-cq--kv{X-tbm-Zix kvtXm`x kwN


tcmlpw Imcx lpw Imc-sa ]Xn-aq-m-as kvtXm`w C-sXp \nh-Nn--s-Sp-hm Ign-bm-Xpw hnI-ev]n-s-Sp kzcq-]-tm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bXpw BIp-p.

tX l bssY thl _ln-jv]-h-am-t\\ kvtXmjy-amWmx kwc_v[mx k-o-tXymh amk-k r-]p- kvt\l kap-] -hn-iy-lnw-N{Ipx
F {]- I mcw I- n _ln- j v ] - h - a m- \ - s a kvtXm{XwsImv kvXpXn-p-hm t]mIp-- h At\ym\yw tNv h- n Npptm C{]- Imcw Biy- h-n Npn Ccp-nv lnw F i_vZw ]pd-s-Sp-hn-p.

ZpKvt f kvssa hmKvtZmlx, tbm hm tNmtZm lx, A-hm-\-mtZm `hXn; b GXm-tah kmav\m ap]-\n-jZw thtZ-]-\n-jZw thZ
Bcv C{]-Imcw Cu kma--fpsS D]-\n-j-ns\ Adnbp-pthm B km[-I\v hmv, hmns tZmlw Fp ]d-bp tZmls tZml\w sNp-p. Ah A-ap-h-\mbpw A- sf AZn-p--h-\mbpw `hn-p-p.

Hm3 aZm3 tamw]n_m3 tamw3 tZth-h-cpWx {]Pm-]Xnx khn-\m2 f anlm2 ff lc--]tXm 3f -an-lm2 ff lcm 2 ff ltcm 3 anXn.
Hmw R `n-p-am-dm-I-s, Hmw R ]m\w sNp- am-dm-Is; Hmw tZymX\w sNp--Xn-\m tZh\pw PKn\p hrn \evIp--Xn-\m hcp-W\pw {]P-Isf ]me\w sNp--Xn-\m {]Pm-]-Xn-bpw, k-tbpw {]k-hn-p-Xn-\m khn-Xm-hpw, Bb BZn-Xy Rv Aw Xc-s. Fm A-n\p ]Xn-bm-bn-p--ht\ ChnsS Rp Aw Xcq. As Bl-cn Hmw

Aymbw cv
Hmw Jw
(Fm kma-n-epw, Fm kma-tbpw kw_-n D]m-k-\--sf--n-bmWv C\n ]d-bp--Xv.)

Hmw ka-kvX\y Jep kmav\ D]m-k\w km[p; bX Jep km[p-XXv kmtaXym N-tX; bZ km[p-XZ kmta-Xn.
Fm Ah-b-h-tfmSpw IqSnb kma-ns D]m-k\ km[p-hm-Ip-p. GXmtWm km[p-hm-bn-p-Xv AXns\ kmaw Fv _pn-amm ]d-bp-p.

]Xn-aqmw Jw
(`-n-hn-jb-amb D]m-k-\-amWm CXp-hsc ]d--Xv. -

203

XZp-Xm-]ymlpx kmavss\-ap-]m-Km-Zn-X n, km[p ss\\-ap-]m-Km-Zn-tXy-hX Zmlpx Akmav ss\\-ap-]m-Km-ZnXn Akm-[p-ss\\ ap]m KmZn-tXy-hX Zmlpx
B hnj-bn kma-am-bnp CXp-am-{X-a D-Xv. Chs\ D]-Kanp Fp ]d-bp-p. AhnsS tim`-\-ambn Chs\ D]-Kanp Fp ]d-bp-p. Akm-a-ambn Chs\ D]-K-anp Fp ]d-bp-p. AhnsS Atim-`-\-ambn #nhs\ D]-K-anp Fp Xs ]d-bp-p.

C\n apI-fn\np Iogvt]m-p temI--sf-p ZrjvTn-tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn, Ap-hn-[-n- ep kma-ns D]mk\ ]d-bp-p. tZymhv lnwIm-c-am-Ip-p. BZn-Xy {]kvXmh-am-Ip-p. A-cow DZm-Ko-Y-am-Ip-p. An {]Xn-lm-cam-Ip-p. ]rYn hn\n-[-am-Ip-p.

Iev]t lmkvssa-tem-Im-Dum- ff -hrm b GX-tZhw hnZzm temtI-jvT-] hn[w kmtam-]mkvtX


Bcv C{]-Im-c-a-dnv temI--fmbn Cu Ap hn[n-ep-ap kmas D]m-kn-p-pthm Cu D]m-k-I\v Xmtg- \np taevt]m-p--hbpw apI-fn \np Iogvt]m-p-hbpw Bb temI- t`mKy--fmbn knn-p-p.

AtYm-Xm-]ymlpx kma-t\m-_-tX-Xn, bXv km[p `h-X n, km[p-_-tX-tXy-h-XZmlpx Akm-[ pt\m _tXXn; bZ km[p-`-hXy km[p _tX-tXy-hX Zmlpx
AXp-t]mse C\n-bp-ap-v. ktmjw \apv kma-ambn-cn-pp Fp ]d-bm-dp-v. AhnsS GXmtWm km[phmbn kw`- hn-p-Xv km[p-hm-bn-cn-pp; ktm-j-am-bncn-p-p. Iw \apv Akm-a-am-bn-cn-pp Fp ]dbm-dp-v. AhnsS km[p-hmbn kw`-hn-p-Xv GtXm AXv Akm-[p-hm-bn-cn-pp; I-am-bn- cn-p-p.

aqmw Jw
hru ]-hn[w ktam-]m-koX: ]ptcm-htXm lnwImtcm tatLm PmbtX k {]kvXmhx hjXn k DZvKo-tYm, hntZym-XtX kvX\-bXn k{] Xnlmcx DZvKr-lvWmXn Xn-[\w
hrn-bmbn Ap-hn-[-n-ep kmas D]m-kn-Ww. Ing- Imv lnwIm-c-am-Ip-p. taLw Dm-Ip-Xv {]kvXm-h- am-Ip-p. hjn-p-Xv DZvKo- Y-am-Ip-p. ananp--Xpw, CSn shp-Xpw {]Xn-lm-c-am-Ip-p. ag AS-pXv \n[-\-am-Ip-p.

kb Ghw hnZzm km[p kmta-Xyp-]mkvtX f `ymtim-lb tZ\w km[thm [w B NKt bpcq-]-N\-tabpx Bcv kmaw km[p-sh--dnv D]m-kn-p-p-thm, Ahs\ icn-bmb [- BK-an-p-I-bpw, t`mKy-fm-bn-o-cp-Ibpw sNpw. thK-n ip`-^-e- A\p`-hn-p-am-dm-Ipw.

hjXn-lmkvssa hj-bXn lb GX tZhw hnZzm hru-]--hn[w kmtam-hmkvtX


Bcv Cs\ Adnv hrn- bmbn Ap- hn-[-n- ep kams D]m-kn-p-pthm Ah-\mbn hjn-p-p. Ah hjn-n-bpw sNp-p.

cmw Jw
temtIjvT ]-hn[w ktam-]-koX: {]Ynhn lnwImtcm f nx {]kvXmthm co--ap-KvZoY BZnXyx {]Xn-lmtcm Zyun-[-\-an-Xyptjp
temI--fmbn Ap-hn-[-amb kmaw D]m-kn--Ww. ]rYnhn lnw Imc-am-h p-p. An {]kvXm-ham-Ip-p. BImiw DZvKo-Y-am-Ip-p. BZn-Xy {]Xn-lm-c-am-Ip-p. tZymhv\n-[- \-am-Ip-p. Duz-K- X--fm-b, temI- -sf-p Zrn-tbm-Sp-I q-Snb kmtam-]m-k -\ w, C-s \-b m-Ip- p. hmkv X-h-n-ep--h-bm-bn-cp- m-epw, Aim-kv{Xo-b-amb [--sf, D]m-kn--Xp-sImv ^e-an-.

\memw Jw
khm-k z]vkp ]-hn[w kmtam-hm-koX: taLm bXv kw-htX klnw-Im-tcm, bZzjXn k{] kvXmthm, bmx {]mNyx kyt k DZvKo-tYm, bmx {]NoNyxk {]Xn-lmcx kapt{Zm \n[-\w.
Fm Ap-I-fp- ambn Ap-hn- [-n- ep kmas D]mkn-Ww. taLw Db-cp-Xv lnwIm-c-am-Ip-p. hjn-pXv {]kvXm- h-am- Ip- p. Ing- tm- sm- gp- Ip \Zn- I Ghtbm AXv DZvKo-Y-am-Ip-p. ]Sn-m-tdmv Hgp-Ip \Zn-I Ghtbm Ah {]Xn-lm-c-am-Ip-p. kap{Zw \n[-\-am-Ip. p-

AYm ffhrtjvTx Zyulnw-Im-c, BZnXyx {]kvXmthm f co--ap-ZvKo-tYm, f nx {]Xn-lmcx ]rYn-h n-\ n-[ \w

204

\ lm]v kp ss{]Xy-]vkp-am `hXn b GX-tZhw hnZzm khm-kz]vkp ]-hn[w kmam-] kvtX


Bcp C{]-Im-c-a-dnv Fm Ap-I-fp-am-bn, Ap-hn[-amb kmas D]m-kn-p-p-thm, Ah Ap-Ifn acn--bn-. Ap-I-fp--h-\m-bn-o-cp-Ibpw sNpw.

Ggmw Jw

{]mtWjvT ]-hn[w ]tcm-h-cobx kmtam-]m-koX:- - {]mtWm lnw Imtcm, hmIv {]kvXm-h, p-c p-ZvKoYx t{im{Xw {]Xn-lm-tcm, at\m-\n-[\w; ]tcm-h -cobmw knhm GXm\n
{]mW--fm-bn, Ap-hn-[-n-ep ]tcm-h-co-b-mb kmas D]m-kn--Ww. {]mW lnwIm-c-am-Ip-p. hmv {]kvXm-h-am- Ip-p. Npv DZvKo-Y-am- Ip-p. t{im{Xw {]Xnlm-cam-Ip-p. a\v \n[-\-am-Ip-p. Ch D-tcm-cw hnin--X-c--fm-Ip- p.

Amw Jw
EXp jp ]-hn[w kmtam-]m-knXx hktm lnwImtcm {Kojvax {]kvXmthm hjm DZvKoYmx icXv {]Xn-lmtcm tla-tm-\n-[\w
EXp--fmbn Ap-hn-[-n-ep kmas D]m-kn-Ww. hkw lnwIm- c-am-Ip- p. {Kojvaw {]kvXmham-Ip- p. hjw DZvKo- Y-am-Ip-p. icv {]Xn- lm- c-am-Ip-p. tlaw \n[-\-am-Ip-p.

]tcm-h-cotbm lmky `hXn ]tcm-h-co-btkm l temIm PbXn b GX-tZhw hnZzm {]mtWjvT ]-hn[w ]tcm-h-cobx kmtam hmkvX CXn ]-hn-[ky

C{]-Imcw Adnv {]mW--fmbn Ap- hn-[-n- ep ]tcm-h-co-bmb Cu kmas Bcv D]m-kn-p-p-thm, GX-tZhw hnZzm-\r-XpjvT ]-hn[w ktamAh\p D-tcm-cw hnin--X-c-amb Poh\w Dm-Ipw. ]mkvtX Ah ]tcm-h-co-b-p-Ifmb temI-sf Pbn-pw. C{]Bcv C{]-Im-c-a-dnv EXp--fmbn Ap-hn-[-n-ep Imcw Ap-hn-[-n-ep kma-ns D]m-k\w ]dp Cu kmas D]m- kn-p-p-thm, B D]m-k-I-\v, EXp- Ign-p. EXp- hy-h--I-\p-cq-]-am-bn, t`mKy--fm-bn-o-cp-p. Ah EXp--fp--h-\m-bn-o-cp-Ibpw sNp-p.

Iev]t lmkvam EXh EXp-am `h-Xnb

Fmw Jw

Bdmw Jw
]ipjvT ]-hn[w kmtam-]m-koX: BPm-lnwItcm f hbw {]kvXm-thm, Kmh DZvKotYm f izmx {]Xnlmcx ]pcp-tjm-\n-[\w
]ip-mbn Ap-hn-[- n- ep kmas D]m-kn-Ww. tImem-Sp-I lnwIm-c -am-Ip-p. Ipdn-bm-Sp-I {]kvXm-ham-Ip-p. tKm DZvKo-Y-am-Ip-p. Aiz- {]Xn-lm-c-am-Ip-p. ]pcp-j \n[-\-am-Ip-p.

AY k]vX hn[ky: hmNn k]vXhn[w kmtam-] m-k oXx bXv Inw N hmtNm lpa-Xn, klnw Imtcm, bXv t{]Xn k {]kvXm-thm, btZXn k BZnx
C\n Ggp hn[-n-ep kma-ns D]m-k\w ]dbpp: hmmbn Ggp-hn-[-n-ep kmas D]m-kn-Ww. lpw Fp hmns hntijw GtXm AXv lnw Imc-am-Ip-p. {] Fp hntijw GtXm, AXv {]kvXmh-am-Ip-p. B F tXtXm AXv BZn-bm-Ip-p.

`hn lmky ]ihx ]ip-am `hXn b GX tZhw hnZzm ]ipjp ]-hn[w kmtam-] mkvtX
Bcv C{]-Imcw Adnv ]ip--fmbn Cu Ap-hn-[n- ep kmas D]m-kn-p-pthm Ah\v ]ip- Dm- Ipw. ]ip--sf-sIm- p t`mKw,- XymKw apX-emb ^e D-h-\m-bn-o-cp-Ibpw sNpw.

bZp-ZnXn k DZvKo-tYm, XXv{]-XoXn k{]-Xo-lm-tcm, bZp t]Xn k D]-{Z-thm, bo-Xn-X-n-[-\w.


DXv Fp tXtXm, AXv DZvKo-Y-am-Ip-p. {]Xn FtXtXm AXv {]Xn-lm-c-am-Ip-p. D] F-tXtXm AXv D]{Z-h-am-Ip-p. \n F tXtXm AXp \n[-\-am-Ip-p.

ZpKvt f kvssa hmKvtZmlw tbmhm-tNm-tZmtlm hm-\-mtZm `h-Xnb GX-tZhw hnZzm hmNn k]vXhn[w kmtam-]m-kvtX. -

205

C-s\-b -dnv hmmbn Ggp-hn-[-n-ep Cu bmsXm-cm-ew-_hpw IqSm-sX, (X-sf Dbn-sm-pw) kmas Bcv D]m- kn-p- p-thm, Ah\v hmv GXm- tWm, k-cn-p-p. Fs-m Cu BZn-Xy-\m-Ip kmahmns tZmlw Fp ]d-bp- - Xv, B tZmls tZml\w ns BZn-`n `Pn-p--h-bm-Ip-p. sNp- p. A-ap--h-\mbpw As `n-p--hAY bXv kw{]Xn a[yw-Znt\ k \mbpw Zo]m-n-bmbpw `hn-pw.

H]Xmw Jw
AY Jez-ap-am-ZnXyw k]vXhn[w kmtam-]m-koX; kh Zmka kvt\\-kma; amw {]Xnamw {]XoXn kthW ka, kvtX\-km-a.

DZvK oYkv Xtky tZhm A\zm-b-mkvX kvamt kamx {]mPm-]-Xym-\ m-ap-ZvKoY `mPn-t\m-tly Xky kmav\x

EPq-hmb a[ym--n Cu BZn-Xys cq]-ta-tXm, AXv DZvKo- Y- am- Ip- p. Ahs B cq]-n tZh- m A\pK-X-cm-bn-cn-p- p. AXn-\m tZh-m {]Pm-]-Xn-bpsS A]C\n B BZn- Xy-\mbn Ggp-hn- [- n- ep kmas D]m- Xy--fn hv t{ijvT-m-cm-Ip-p. Fp-sIm-s-m kn--Ww. BZn-Xy Fm-bt]mgpw Htc \ne-bn Ccn-p- Cu BZn-Xy-\m-Ip kma-ns DZvKoYw `Pn-p--h-cmv p. AXp-sImv kma-am-Ip-p. Fm-hpw ka-\m-Ip- Ip-p. -Xn-\m kma-am-Ip-p.

Xkvan- n-am\n khm-Wn-`q-Xm-\y-\ z-b-m-\ oXn hnZymXv; Xky-bXv ]ptcm-Z-bmXv k lnwImcx XZky ]ithm f \zmb-mkvX kvamt lnw Iphn; lnw Imc `mPn-t\m-tly-Xky kmav\x
B BZn-Xy-\n Cu `qX- -sfmw A\p-K-X- -fm-bn-cnpp Fp a\-n-em--Ww. DZ-b-n\p ap]v Chs cq]w GXmtWm AXv lnwIm-cam-Ip-p. BZn-Xy-\m-Ip kma-ns B cq]-n, ]ip- A\p-K-X--fm-bn-cnp-p. AXn-\m ]ip- lnw F i_vZw ]pd-s-Sphn-p-p. Cu BZn-Xy-s\p ]d-bp kma-ns lnw Imcw `Pn-p ioe-ap--Xm-Ip-p.

AY b Zqzw a[yw Zn\mXv {]mK-]-cm-lvWmXv k {]Xn-lmcx XZ-ky-K`m A\zm-b-mkvXkvam t {]Xn-lrXm \mh-]-Zy-t, {]Xn-lmc `mPn-t \m-tly-Xky kmav\x

D-p-ta A]-cm-- n\p ap]v, Chs cq]- tatXm AXv {]Xn-lm-c- am- Ip- p. Cu BZn- Xy- cq- ]-amb kmaw B cq]n K`- - A\p-K- X--fm-bn-cn-p-p. AXn- \m K` ]ntmw apI-fn-tep ]nSn--s--h-\m-bn-cn-p-Xp-sIm-v, Iogvt]mp hoWp-t]m-hp-n-. Cu BZn-Xy-\mIp kma-ns {]Xn-lm-c-`n `Pn-p--hbm-Ip-p. -

AX-bXv {]Y-tam-ZntX k{]-kvXmhx XZ-k y-a-\ pjym A\zm-b-mkvX kvamt {]kvXpXn Imamx {]m-h-`m-Pnt\m tlyX-ky-k mav \x
AXp-t]mse BZyw DZn-p-tm D Ahs cq]w GtXm AXv {]m-hy- am-Ip-p. Ahs B cq]n a\pjy A\p-K-X-cm-bn-cn-p-p. AXn-\m Ah kvXpXn B{K-ln-p--h-cmbpw {]iwk B{K-ln-p--h-cmbpw Ccnp-p. Fs-m Ah Cu BZn-Xy-\m-Ip kmans {]kvXmhw `Pn-p--h-cm-Ip-p.

AYb Zqz-a-]-cm-lvWm-Xv, {]mK-kvX-a-bm-Xv, k D]-{Zh kvXZky ff cWy A\zm-bm kvXkvamt ]pcpjw Zrzm Iw iz{`-an-Xyp-]-{Z-hn; D]-{Zh `mPn-t\m-tly-X-k y-kmav\x
A]-c m- - n\p ta AkvX - a - b - n\p ap]v bmsXmcp cq]-aptm AXv D]-{Z-h-am-Ip-p. Ahs B cq]s Ac-Wy-n-ep Pp-p, A\zm-b--fm-bn-cn-p-p. AXn-\m Ah ]pcp-js\ Inv A`-bm-\-sap hnNm-cnv ImSns\ D]- K- an- p-p. Fs-m kq- cq-]-amb kma-ns D]-{Zhw `Pn- p--h-bm- Ip-p.

AY-bXv kwK-h-th-embmw k BZnx XZky hbmwky \zmb-m\n Xkvam-m-\y --co-tf \m cw_-Wm-\ym-Zmbm ff m\w ]cn-]-Xn; BZn-` m-Po\n tlyX-ky-k mav\x
civan-I Hcp-anp IqSp ka-bw, Ahs cq]-tatXm AXv BZn-bm-Ip- p. Ahs B cq]-n ]n- I A\pK-X - -fm-b n-c n-p-p. AXn-\ m Ah BIm-i-n

AY bX {]Y-am-kvX-antX Xn-[\w XZky]n-Xtcm f \zmb--kvam-m-n-Z-[Xn; \n[\ `mPn-t\m-tlyX ky kmav\x, Ghw Jez-ap-am-ZnXyw k]vX hn[w kmtam-]mkvtX
AkvX-an-m XpS-p-tm GXp cq]-amtWm DXv, AXv \n[-\-am-Ip-p. BZn-Xy-cq-]amb kma-ns B -

206

I cq]-n ]nXr- A\p-K-X-cm-bn-cn-p-p. AXn-\m

BZn-Xy Chn-sS-\nn Ccp-]-sm- m-a-t-Xm-Ip-p. Ccp]nXr-sf \n[m\w sNp-p. Fs- m Cu BZn-Xy-cq- ]-n-c-m-a-t-Xp-sImv BZn-Xy-\-p-d-ap-Xp {]m]n-p]-amb kma-ns \n[-\-`n `Pn-p--Xm-Ip-p. C{]- p. BZn-X y-\-p-dap-Xv kpJ-am-bn-p--Xm-Ip-p. AXv Imcw B, BZn- Xy-\mbn Ggp-hn- [-n- ep kmaw Bcv D]m- timI-an-m--Xm-Ip-p. kn- p-pthm Ah\v B BZn-Xy-\m-bn-o-cpI F ^ew Bkvtvm]n lm ff ZnXyky Pbw ]tcm knn-p-p.

]mw Jw
Atlm-cm{Xw apX-emb Ime-m PK-ns\ \in-np--Xp-sImv BZn-Xy arXyp-hm-Ip-p. B arXyp-hns\ IS-bp--Xn-\p kmtam-]m-k\ Cu J-n-ep-v.

lmkym ff ZnXy ky Pbm-tbm `hXn; b GX-tZhw hnZzm-\m--kw-an-X-aXn arXyp k]vXhn[w ktam-]mkvtX ktam ]mkvtX

AY-J -ezm- -kw-an- XaXn arXyp-k]vX hn[w kmtam-]m-koX lnw Imc CXn {Xycw {]kvXmh CXn-Xy-cw XXv kaw.
C\n Bm-hn-t\mSp Xpey-ambn Adn-b-s-n-p-Xpw, arXyp-hns\ AXn-{I-an-n-p-Xpw Bb Ggp-hn-[-n-ep kmas D]m-kn--Ww. lnwImcw Fp-Xv aq--cap `n \ma-am-Ip-p. {]kvXmhw Fp-Xp aq-c-ap--Xm-Ip-p. AXv apn-e-t-Xn-t\mSp Xpey-am-Ip-p.

C{]-Im-c-a-dnv arXyp-hns\ IS-, Ggp-hn-[-n-ep Cu kmaw, Bcv D]m-kn-p-pthm Ah BZn-Xys Pbw {]m]n-p-p. Ch\v BZn-Xys Pb-n\nv ]c-aamb Pbw Dm-Ipw.

]Xn- s \mmw Jw
at\m lnw Imtcm, hmIv{]-kvXm-h, p cpZvKoYx t{im{Xw {]Xn-lmcx {]mtWm \n[-\-ta-XZvKm-b{Xw {]mtWjp t{]mXw. a\v lnwIm-c-am-Ip-p. hmv {]kvXm-ha m-Ip-p. Npv DZvKo-Y-am-Ip-p. t{im{Xw {]Xn-lm-c-am-Ip-p. {]mW \n[-\-am-Ip-p. Cu Kmb{Xw kmaw, hmv apXem-bhbn {]Xn-jvTn-X- am-bn-cn-p-p. - -

BZn-cnXn Zz-cw, {]Xn-lm-c-C-Xn-N-Xp-c-c XX C sslIw, X-aw.


BZn F `n-\maw c--c-ap--Xm-Ip-p. {]Xnlmcw FXv \me--c-tm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-Xm-Wv. {]Xn-lmcw F-Xn \nv Hc-cw BZn F c--c--fn tN-s-Sp-p. AXp kma-am-Ip-p.

DZvKoY CXn-{Xy--cap-]-{Zh CXn NXp ccw; {Xn`n-kv{Xn`nx kaw `h-Xn, A c-a-h-in-jytX {Xycw X-aw.

kb Gh-ta-XZv Kmb{Xw {]mtW-jp-t{]mXw thZ, {]mWn-`hXn kh-am-bp-tcXn tPymKv Poh-Xn-a-lm {]P-bm-] -ip-Zn-`h Xna-lm Ioym, alm-a\mx kyXv X{Z -Xw.

DZvKoY saXv aq--c-ap--Xm-Ip- p. D]- {Zhw FXv C{]-Imcw {]mW--fn {]Xn-jvTn-X-amb Cu Kmb-{X\me-- c-ap--Xm-W.v apq--- c-- sImv C{X `n amb kmaw Bcv Adn-bp-p-thm, Ah {]mW--fp--h\ma- cpw ka-am-bn-o-cp-p. Hc-cw A[nIw hcp- \m-bn-o-cpw. Fm Bbppw {]m]npw; Dz-e-amb hn[p. aq-- c--tfmSp IqSn-b-Xm-I-bm AXv ka-am-Ip-p. n Pohn-pw. Ah {]P-sb-sm-pw, ]ip--sfsImpw alm-\ m-b n-o-c p- p. Ion-sImv alm\n[-\-an-Xn-{Xy-cw XXv ka-tah `hXn \mbnocp-p. alm-a-\m-bn-cn-Ww FXv Kmb-t{XmXm\n-lhm GXm\n Zzm hnwKXn ccmWn. ]m-k-Is {hX-am-Ip-p. \n[\w FXv aq--c-ap--Xm-Ip-p. AXv kaw Xs- bm-Ip-p. A-s\-bp Cu A-c- Ccp-]-n]{mw Jw c-m-Ip-p.

GI hnwiXym ff ZnXy-am-]vt\m-t\yI hnwtimhm CtXm f kmhm-ZntXym Zzmhnw-ti-\-] -c-am-Zn-Xym- -b-X n, XmIw XZzn timIw.
Ccp-]sm-p-sImv BZn-Xys\ {]m]n-p-p. Cu -

A`n-a--Xn-k-lnw-I-tcm, [qtam PmbtX k{]-kvXm-thm, Pze-Xnk DZvKotYm f v Kmcm-`-hn k {]Xn-lm-c, D] imay-Xn-X-n-[ -\w, kwim-ay-Xn-X- n-[\w GX-{ZYw Xc-au t{]mXw.

207

aY\w sNpI F-tXtXm AXv lnwIm-cam-Ip-p. \m-bn-o-cp-p. Xs InS- -b hcp Hcp-h-tfbpw Dt]n [qaw Dm- IpI F-tX-tXm, AXp {]kvXm- h- am- Ip- p. Pzen- n- -cpXv AXp {hX-am-Ip-p. pI F-tXtXm AXv DZvKo-Y-am-Ip-p. I\-ep-I-fm-bn-ocp-I-sb--tXtXm AXp {]Xn-lm-c-am-Ip- p. D]-i-an FtX-tXm, AXp \n[-\-am-Ip-p. kwi-an F-tXtXm AXv ]Xn- memw Jw \n[-\-am-Ip-p. Cu cYw Xcw An-bn {]Xn-jvTn-X-amDZy lnwImc DZnXx {]kvXm-thm, a[yw-Zn\ Ip-p. DZvKotYm f ]cmlvWx {]Xn-lmtcm f kvXw

k b Gh-ta-X-{ZYw Xc-au t{]mXw thZ, {_-h-ky-mtZm `hXn kh-am-bp-tcXn tPymKv Poh-Xn, alm {]Pbm ]ip`n `hXn alm Ioym \ {]Xy An-amNm ta \n jvTothXvXZv{hXw
An-bn {]Xn-jTn-X-amb Cu cYw Xcs Bcv Adnv bp-pthm Ah {_-h-a-Zp--h\mbpw A- Zm-\\mbpw `hn-p-p. Fm Bbp-n-t\bpw {]m]n- p- p. DPze-ambn Pohn-p-p. {]P-sb-sm-pw, ]ip- -sf-sImpw alm-\m-bn-o-cp-p. Ion-sImv alm-\m-bn-o-cp-p. Anv A`n-ap-J-ambncpv Hpw `n--cp-Xv. Imdn-p-cp-Xv. CXp {hX-am-Ip-p.

bn-[\w GXZv _rl-Zm-ZntXy t{]mXw.


DZn-p-hcp BZn-Xy lnwIm-c-am-Ip-p. DZn-Xns tij-ap BZn-Xy {]kvXm-h-\-am-Ip-p. a[yw-Zn\w DZvKoY-am-Ip-p. A]-cmlvWw {]Xn-lm-c-am-Ip-p. AkvX-a-\-ntep Kan-p BZn-Xy \n[-\-am-Ip-p. Cu _rls kmaw BZn-Xy-\n {]Xn-jTn-X-am-bn-cn-p-p. v

kb Gh-ta-XZv _rl-Zm-ZntXy t{]mXw thZ tXP-kzymtZm `hXn kham-bp-tcXn tPymKvPo-h-Xn, alm {]Pbm ]ip-`n `hXn alm Ioym, X]w \\n-tXv XZv{hXw
C{]-Imcw BZn-Xy-\n {]Xn-jvTn-X-amb Cu _rls kma-s, Bcv Adn-bp-pthm Ah tXP-p-h-\m-bpw, As AZn-p--h-\mbpw Xocp-p. Ah apgp-h Bbp-n-t\bpw {]m]n-p-p. DPz-e-ambn Pohnp-p. Ah {]P-sb-sm-pw, ]ip--sf-smpw alm-\m-bn-o-cp-p, Ion-sImv alm-\m-bn-o-cp-p. X]n-p BZn-Xys\ \nn--cp-Xv. AXv {hX-am-Ip-p.

]Xn-aqmw Jw
D]-a-{-btX klnw-Im-tcm, ]-btXk {]kvXmhx kv{Xobm-kl titXk DZvKoYx {]Xnkv{Xow kl-titX k{]-Xn-lmcx Imew-K-Xn Xn-[\w ]cw-K-Xn Xn-[-\-taX Zzma-tZhyw anYp-t\-t{]mXw
D]-a-{n-pI FtXtXm, AXp {]kvXm-ham-Ip-p. ktm-jn-n-pI F tXtXm AXp {]kvXm-h-am-Ip-p. kv{Xotbm-Sp-IqSn ibn F-tXtXm AXv {]Xn-lm-c-am-Ipp. ssaYp\w sImp Imew Ign-bp--tXtXm AXv AXp \n[-\-am-Ip-p. Cu hma-tZ-hy-sa kmaw anYp-\-n {]Xn-jvTn-X-am-Ip-p.

]Xn-\ mw Jw
A{`mWn kw-ht klnw-Im-tcm, ta LmPm-bt k{]-kvXm-thm, hjXn k DZvKo-tYm, hntZym-XtX kvX\-bXn k {]Xn-lm-c, DZvKr-lvWmXn Xn-[\w GXZv ssh cq]w hPt\y t{]mXw.
A{`- Db-cp-p. AXv lnw Imc-am-Ip-p. taLw Dm-Ip-p. AXp {]kvXm-h-am-Ip-p. hjn-p-p. AXv DZvKo-Y-am-Ip-p. an anp-Ibpw CSn-sh-p-Ibpw sNpp. AXp {]Xn-lm-c-am-Ip-p. ag s]p-p. AXp \n[-\-amIp-p. Cu sshcp-]-sa kmaw ]P-\y-n {]Xn-jvTnX-am-Ip- p.

kb Gh-taX Zzma-tZhyw anYp-t\-t{]mXw thZ anYp\o `hXn anYp-\m-n-Yp-\m {]Pm-btX kh-am-bp-tcXn tPymKv Poh Xn, alm {]Pb ]ip`n `h-Xn, alm Ioym, \Iw-N\ ]cn-l-tc-Xv.
C{]-Imcw anYp-\-n {]Xn-jvTn-X- amb Cu hma-tZ-hyamb kmas Bcv Adn-bp-p-thm, Ah anYp-\-ap--h\m-bn-o-cp-p. Ah Hmtcm anYp-\-n\npw km\-cq-]-n P\n-p-p. Ah apgp-h Bbppw {]m]np-p. Dz-e-ambn Pohn-p-p. {]P-sb-smpw ]ip- sfsmpw alm-\m-bn-o-cp- p, Ion-sImp alm-

kb Gh-taX ssZzcq]w ]P-t\y-t{]mXw thZ hncq]mw kp-c]mw ]iq-\-hcp t; kh-am-bp-tcXn; tPymKvP o-hXn; alm {]Pbm ]ip-`n`-hXn; alm Ioym; hjw \n-t-Xv\-Zv{h-Xw.

208

]-\y-n {]Xn-jvTn-X-amb Cu sshcq-]amb kmas Bcv Adn-bp-pthm Ah\v kzcq-]--fm-bpw, hncq-]-fmbpw D ]ip-sf e`n-p-p. Ah apgph Bbp-n-t\bpw {]m]n-p-p. Dz-e-ambn Pohn-pp. Ah {]P-sb-sm-pw, ]ip--sf-smpw alm\m-bn-o-cp- p. Ion-sImp alm-\m-bn- o-cp-p. hjn-p taLs \nn--cp-Xv. AXp {hX-am-Ip-p.

temI--fn {]Xn-jTn-X- amb Cu iIz-cn-I Fp ]dv bp kma-hn-ti- js Bcv Adn-bp- p- thm, Ah temIap--h-\m-bn-o-cp-p. Ah apgp-h Bbp-nt\ {]m]np-p. Dz-e-ambn Pohn-p-p. {]P-sb-smpw ]ip- sf-smpw alm- \m- bn- o-cp-p. Ion-sImp alm\m-bn-o-cp-p. temI- sf \nn-- cp- Xv. AXv {hX-am-Ip-p.

]Xn-s\mw Jw ]Xn-\ mdmw Jw


hktm lnwIm-tcm, {Kojvax {]kvXm-thm, hj DZvKoYx icXv {]Xn-lm-tcm, tla-tm-\ n-[-\ -taX ssZzcm-P-arXpjpt{]mXw
hkw lnwIm-c-am-Ip-p. {Kojvaw {]kvXm-h-am-Ip-p. hj EXp DZvKo-Y-am-Ip-p. icv {]Xn-lm-c-am-Ip-p. tlaw \n[-\-am-Ip-p. Cu sshcm-P-amb kmaw EXp-fn {]Xn-jvTn-X-am-bn-cn-p-p.

APm lnwImtcm f hbx {]kvXmthm Kmh DZvKotYm f izmx {]Xn-lmcx ]pcptjm \n[-\-taXm tchXyx ]ip-jvT-t{]mXmx
AP- lnwIm-c-am-Ip-p. Ipdn-bm-Sp-I {]kvXm-h-amIp-p. tKm DZvKo-Y-am-Ip-p. Aiz- {]Xn-lm-c-amIp-p. tch-Xn-I Fp ]d-bp kma-hn-ti-jw, ]ip-fn {]Xn-jvTn-X-am-bn-cn-p-p.

k b Gh taX ssZzcm-P-ar-Xp-jp-t{]mXw thZ hnc-PXn {]-Pbm ]ip-`n {_ h-tk\ kh-am-bp-tcXn tPymKv Poh-Xn-a-lm {]Pbm ]ip-`n `hXn alm Ioyp \n\n-tXv XXv{hXw
Cns\ EXp-- fn {]Xn-jTn-X-amb Cu sshcm-P-amb v kmas Bcv Adn-bp-pthm Ah {]P-sb-sImpw ]ip--sf- smpw {_-hkw sImpw tim`n- p-p. apgp-h Bbp-nt\ e`n-p-p. Dz-e-ambn Pohn-p-p. {]P-sb- smpw ]ip--sf- smpw alm-\m- bn-o- cp-p. EXp-sf \nn--cp-Xv. AXv {hX-am-Ip-p.

kb Gh-taXm tchXymx ]ip-jpt{]m Xm thZ ]ip-am `hXn kh-am-bp-tcXn tPymKvPo-hXn alm {]Pbm ]ip `n`-hXn alm Ioym ]iq \ \ntXv XZv{h-Xw.
C{]-Imcw ]ip--fn {]Xn-jTn-X-amb Cu tch-Xn-I v Fp ]d-bp-, kma-hn-ti-js Bcp Adn-bp-p-thm, Ah ]ip--fp--h-\m-bn-o-cp-p. Ah apgp-h Bbppw {]m]n- p- p. Dz-e - a mbn Pohn- p- p. {]Psbsmpw ]ip--sf-smpw alm-\m- bn-o- cpp. ]ip-sf \nn--cp-Xv. AXp {hX-am-Ip-p.

]sm]Xmw Jw ]Xn-t\gmw Jw
]rYnho lnwImtcm f cow {]kvXm-thm, ZyuX-ZvKotYm Znix {]Xn lmcx, k apt{Zm \n[-\-tatXx iIztmtem tIjp t{]mXmx
]rYnhn lnwIm-cam-Ip-p. A-cow {]-kXm-h-am-Ipv p. tZymhv DZvKo-Y-am-Ip-p. Zop-I {]Xn-lm-cam-Ip-p. kap{Zw \n[- \- am-Ip-p. Cu iIz-cn- I Fp ]d- bp kmahn-tijw temI--fn {]Xn-jTn-X-am-bn-cn-p-p. v

tema lnwIm-c, kvXIv {]kvXmthm amwk apZvKo-tYm, f n {]Xn lmtcm, am-\n-[\ taX-Zy-b-o-b-av tKjvT t{]mXw temaw lnwIm-c-am-Ip-p. XzIv {]kvXm-ha m-Ip- p. amwkw DZvKo-Y-am-Ip-p. An {]Xn-lm-c-am-Ip-p. a \n[-\-am-Ip-p. Cu bm-b-o-b-sa kmaw tZlm-hb-h--fn {]Xn-jvTn-X-am-bn-cn-p-p.

k b Gh taXmx iIztm temtIjp t{]mXm thZ temIo `hXn kh-ambp tcXn tPymKvPo-hXn alm {]Pbm ]ip-`n`-hXn alm Ioym-tem-Im \ \ntXv XZv{hXw

k b Gh taXy-Zy-m-b-o-b-aw-tKjp t{]mXw thZmwKo `h-Xn\mw tK\ hnlq-Xn, kh-am-bp-tc-Xn, tPymKv Poh-Xn, alm {]Pbm ]ip-`n`-hXn alm Ioym-kw-h-cw aPvtm \miv\n-bmXv XZv{h-Xw, aPvtm\wiv\obm ZnXn-hm

209

C{]-Imcw tZhm-h-b-h--fn {]Xn-n-X-am-b, bmb-o-b-sa Cu kmas Bcv Adn-bp-p-thm, Ah Fm Ah-b -h-epw XnI--h-\m-b n-o-cpw. Ah AvK w- s Imv IpSn- e -\ m- b n- o-c p- I - b n- . apgp- h Bbppw {]m]npw; Dz-e-ambn Pohn-pw. {]P-sbsmpw ]ip-sf sImpw alm-\m- bn-o-cpw. IonsImp alm-\m-Ipw. Hcp kwh--c-tv amwkw `n-cp-Xv. AXp {hX-am-Wv. (H-cn-epw `n--cpXv Fpam-Imw.)

Ip-p. k-, Kh-m, ]n-Xr- Ch \n[-\amIp-p. Cu kma-k-ap-Zmbw kh-nepw {]Xn-jvTn-X- am-bncn- p- p.

k b Gh-ta-XXv kma kh-kvan t{]mXw thZ kw l `hXn


C{]-Imcw kh-nepw {]Xn-jTn-X-amb Cu kmas v Bcp Adn-bp-p-thm, Ah k-hp-am-bn-o-cp-p.

XtZ-j-tmIx
B A- n Xmsg--d-bp a{hpw Dv.

Ccp-] Xmw Jw
An lnw Imtcm, hmbpx {]kvXm-h, B ZnXy DZvKo-tYm, \-{XmWn {]Xn-lm-c, {-am-\n-[ -\-ta-X -{Zm-P\w tZhXm kpt{]m-Xw.

bm\n ]-[ m-{Xo-Wn-{Xo-Wn-tX-t`ym\ Pymbx ]c-a-\y-ZkvXn; bkvXtZzZ k thZ khw khm Zntim _en-akvssalcn

Ap hn[-n aqq-mbn GXmtWm ]d-b-s--Xv, An lnwIm-c-am-Ip-p. hmbp {]kvXm-h-am-Ip-p. BZnAh-sb-m al--chpw `n-ambpw thsdmcp hkvXp Xy DZvKo-Y-am-Ip-p. \-{X- {]Xn-lm-c-am-Ip-p. C. khm--I-amb Cu kmas Bcv Adn-bp-p-thm, N{ \n[-\-am-Ip-p. Cu cmP-sa kmaw tZh-X-I-fn Ah\v Fm Znp-I-fn D- hcpw _en-sIm-Sp-p-p. {]Xn-jTn-X- am-bn-cn-p- p. v

k b Gh taX-{Z-P\w tZh-Xmkp t{]mXw th ssZh-Xmkm tah tZh Xm\mw ktemI Xmw knXmw kmbqPyw KXn kh-am-bp-tcXn tPmKv Poh-Xn, alm {]Pbm ]ip `n `hXn alm Ioym {_m-W \ \ntXv XZv{h-Xw.
Cs\ tZh-X-I-fn {]Xn-jTn-X-amb Cu tcmP-\-sa v kmas Bcv Adn-bp-p-thm, Ah Cu tZh-X-I-fpsS kmtem-Iy-t-tbm, kam-\-amb sFiz-cy-tmSp IqSn-tbmbn-cn-p Ah--tb-tbm, kmbq-Py-t-tbm, {]m]n-pp. apgp-h Bbp-nt\ {]m]n-p-p. Dzeambn Pohnp- p. {]P- I-sf- smpw ]ip-- sf-smpw alm-\m- bno-cp-p. {_m-Wsc \nn--cp-Xv. AXp {hX-am-Ip-p.

kh-a-kvao-Xyp-]m-koX; XZv {hXw XXv {hXw


Rm kh- hp- am-Ipp Fp D]m-kn--Ww. AXv {hXam-Ip-p.

Ccp-] - n-c mw Jw
hn\n kmavt\m hrtW ]i-hy-an-Xyt cpZv KotYm f \ncpx {]Pm-]-tX, ncpx tkma-ky, arZp--jWw hmtbmx jvWw _e-h-Zn-{-ky, {Iuw _rl-kv]tX, c]-[zmw hcp-Wky; Xm khm-t\thm ]tk thX; hmcpWw tXzh h-tb-Xv.
hn\-tm-Sp-Iq-S n-bXpw, ]ip-v lnX-hp-amb kmas kw_- n Km\w Rm {]mn-p-p. CXv An-tZ-h\m-bn-p DZvKo-Y-am-Ip-p. {]Pm-]Xn tZh-\m-bnp DZvKoYw GXp-{]-Imcw BtWm, AXp-t]mse Fp \nh-Nn--s-Sm--Xm-Ip- p. tkma tZh-X-bm-bn-p DZvKoYw kv]jvT-am-bn-p--X m-Ip-p. hmbp tZh-X-bm-bnp Km\w arZphpw a[p-c-am-bn-p-Xpw BIp-p. C{ tZh-X-bm-bn-p Km\w vWhpw _e-ap-Xpw BIpp. _rl-k]Xn tZh-\m-bn-p Km\w {Iu-]-n-bpsS v \mZ-n\p ka-am-Ip-p. hcp-W tZh-\m-bn-p Km\w, s]mnb Hmns kzc-n\p ka-am-Ip-p. Ah-sbmw Xs {]tbm-Kn--Ww. Fm hcp-W tZh-\m-bn-p-Xns\ am{Xw hn--Ww.

Ccp- ] - s mmw Jw
{Xbo-hn-Zym-lnw-Im-c, kv{Xb Cta temIx k{]-kvXmthm f n hmbq-cm-ZnXyx k DZvKo-tYm, \-{XmWn hbmwkn aco-Nbx k{]-Xn-lmcx, km Khx ]nXc kv\n-[-\ta-XXv kma khkvan t{]mXw.
{Xbo hnZy lnwIm- c- am-Ip-p. Cu aqp temI- AXv {]kvXm-hn-p-p. An, hmbp, BZn-Xy Ch DZvKo-Y-amIp-p. \-{X-, ]n-I, civan-I Ch {]Xn-lm-c-am-

210

Rm C{-\n _ew sImSppw Fp-hv Fm kzcfpw apg--ap-hbm-bpw, _e-ap--h-bmbpw D-cn-- s-tS--h-bm-Ip-p. Rm {]Pm-]-Xn-v, Ah-\-hs\ Zm\w sNs Fp hnNm-cn-v, Fm Dujvam-fpw Dn {]th-in-n--s-Sm--h-bm-bpw, shfn-bn X-s-Sm-Rm tZh-mv Aar-XXzw km[n-p- sIm- Sp--s. ]nXr- h-bmbpw hnhrX {]b-Xv\-tm-Sp-Iq-Snbpw ]d-b-s-tS--hv D kz[ Rm BKm\w sN-s. a\p-jyv bm-Ip-p. arXyp- hn \nv Ah- \-hs\ Rm ]cn- l-cn-s Bisb B Km\w sN-s. ]ip- v ]ppw shhpw Fp hnNm-cn-v, Fm kv]i--fpw, kmh-[m-\-n BKm\w sN-s. bP-am-\\v kz-tem-Is BKm\w asmcp h-tmSp Ie-cm--h-bm-bn, D-cn--s-tS-sN-s. bP-am-\\v kz-tem-Is BKm\w sN-s. h-bm-Ip-p. Ahsb D-cn-p-tm Rm Pem-Zn-Ifn F\nv As BKm\w sN-s. Cs\ Ch a\-p- \np _me-msc F-Xp-t]m-se, arXyp-hn\nv BmsImv [ym\np {]am-Zw IqSmsX kvXpXn-p-p. hns\ ]cn-l-cn-s Fv [ym\n-p-Ibpw thWw.

Aar-XXzw tZth`y BKm-bm-\oXv XymKm-tb-Xv, kz[mw ]nXr`y Bimw a\p-tj`y kv XrtWm-ZIw ]ip`yx kzw temIw bP-am-\m-bm-am \ BKmbm \ntXy-Xm\n a\m [ymb {]Wx kvXphoX

\`n lnXm-h-hy artXym-cm-m\w ]cn-l-c m-WoXn

kth-kzc C{ky ff m\x kh Du jvaWmx {]Pm-]tX cmm\x kth kv]iw artXym-cm-m-\kvXw bZn kztc jq ]me-t`-tX{w icWw {]]tm f `qhw kXzm {]Xn-h-y-Xo-tXy\w {_qbm-Xv.

Ccp-] - n- aqmw Jw
{Xtbm [-kvI-m, btm f [yb\w Zm\-anXn {]Y-a, kvX] Gh ZznXo-tbm, {_-Nm N Ipe-hmko XrXob f Xy-am-m-\am N-Ipte ff hkmZ b, kh GtX ]pWy-temIm `hn; {_-kwtm f arX-Xz-ta-Xn.

Fm kzc-fpw _ew \Ip {]mWs Bm-fm-Ip-p. Fm Dujvam-fpw {]Pm-]-Xn-bpsS Bm--fmIp-p. Fm kv]i- fpw arXyp- hns Bm--fm- Ip-p. C{]- Im-c-a-dn-bp DZvKm-Xm-hns\ kzc- sf kw_-nv Ips-Sp-p-Ibm-sW-n Rm C{s\ icWw {]m]n-n-p[-kI-- aqm-Ip-p. Ah bw, A[y-bv v. C{ \ntmSv Dcw ]d-bpw. Fv Ip-s-Sp-n-b- \w, Zm\w Fn-h-bm-Ip- p. Hm- a- tXp kvIhpw cmh-t\mSv ]d-b-Ww. a-tXv X]pw BIp-p. aqm-a-t-Xv, BNm-cy-Ip-en hkn-p ioe-ap--h\pw, Ah-km-\w-htc BmAY btZy\ aqjvakq ]me-t`-X, {]Pm hns\ BN-cy-Ip-e- n oWn- n-p--h\pw Bb, {_]Xnw icWw {]]tm f `qhw kXzm Nm-cn-bm-Ip-p. Ch-scmw ]pWy-tem-I-fp--h-cm-Ip-p. {]Xn-t]-jy-Xo-tXy\w {_qbmXv; AY {_-n {]hn- p--h Aar-XXzw {]m]n-p-p.

btZy\w kv]tijp ]me-t`-X, arXypw icWw {]]tm f `qhw kXzm {] Xn[-y-X o-tXy\w {_qbm-Xv.
AXp-t]mse Xs, Dm-Xm-hn-s\, Dujvam-sf kw_nv Ip-s-Sp-p-Ibm-sW-n, Rm {]Pm-]-Xnsb icWw {]m]n-n-p-v. B tZh \ns kwNq\w sNpw Fv Ch-t\mSp ]d-bWw. AXp-t]mse DZvKm-Xmhns kv]i-\--sf, kw_-nv Ip-s-Sp-p-I-bm-sWn, Rm arXyp-hns\ icWw {]m]n-n-p-v. B tZh \ns Zln-npw Fv Ip-s-Sp-p--ht\mSv ]d-b-Ww. -

{]Pm]Xn tmIm-\-`y-X-]Xv tXt`ym f ZnX ]vtX`y-kv{Xbo hnZymkw {]m{k-hXv; Xma-`y-X-]Xv Xkym A`n-X-]vXmbm GXm-\y--cmWn kw{]m-{k-hX `q `hx kzcnXn
{]Pm-]-Xn, temI-sf DtZ-inv [ym\-cq-]-amb X]p sNbvXp. A`n-X- ]vX- -fmb Btem-I-- fn \nv {Xbo- hnZy hp. B, {Xbo-hn-Zysb Dt-inv A`n-X-]n-p. A`n-X-]vXamb B {Xbo-hn-Zy-bn \nv `qx `qhx kzx Fo A-c e`n-p.

kth k cmtLm-j-htm _e-htm hhym Ct{-_ew ZZm-\oXn; kh DujvWmtWm f {KkvXm A\n-ckvXm hnhrXm h hyx {]Pm-]tX cmm\w ]cn-`Zm \oXn; kth-kv]im-te-ti\m

Xm\y-`y-X]Xv; tXt`ym f `nX-]vtX`y HmwImcx kw{]-{k-hXv; XZyYm ip\m khmWn ]m\n kwXr-m-t\yh taw ItcW khm hmIv kwXrm Hmw Imw Gth Zw khw

211

Ahsb A`n-X-]np. A`n-X-]X--fm-b, B A-c-v fn \nv, Hmw Imcw {]{k-hn-p. B HmwIm-c-cq-]amb {_w Fn-s\-bp-sX-m, Fm Ce-Ifpw Ce-n-\m hym]vX- Bbn-cn-p-p-thm, AXp-t]mse Fm hmpw HmwIm-c -m hym]vX- a m-bn-cn-p-p. CsXmw HmwImcw Xs-bm-Ip-p.

CXv bP-am-\-\mb Fs temI-am-W.v bP-am-\-\mb Rm, Pohn-Xm-Imew Ignv, Cu temI- n Kan-p-am-dm-I-tW. kzml! temI-Zzm-c-ns A-f-s, \o-tW. Cs\ ]dp Fgp- tp- p. B bP-am-\\v hkp- , {]mXx kh-\-tmSp kw_- n temIw, sImSp-p-p.

Ccp-] - n- \ memw Jw
{_ hmZn-t\m-h-Zn bZv hkq\mw {]mXx kh\w cq{ZmWmw am[yw Zn\w kh\ am`n Xym\mw N hntiz jmw N tZhm\mw XrZo-b -k-Z\w

]pcm-am[yw Zn\ky kh-\-tkym-]m-I-cWm L-t\\ ff o{[n-b-tkym-Z-vapJ D] hniy kpcu{Zw kam`nKm-bXn tem 3 I Zzmc-a-]mh 3 Wq ]tiy aXzm hbw sshcm 33333 lp 3 av B 33 tPym 3 tbm 3 B 32 CXn.

am[yw Zn\-amb kh- \-ns Bcw-`- n-\p-ap]v, ZnWm-n-bpsS ]nd-In, hS-tmp apJ-ambn Ccp-n- v, bP{_-hm-Zn-I ]d-bpp: {]mXx kh-\-sap {]kn-am-bn-p tXtXm, AXv hkp--fpsS hI-bm-Ip-p. a[ym- am- \, cp{Z tZh-X- bm-bn-p kmas A`n-Km\w sNp- n-ep kh\w cp{Z-m- cpsS hI-bm- Ip-p. aqm-as p. temI- ns Zzmcw Xpd--tW. \mw sshcm- Py- n-\mbn kh\w BZn-Xy-m-cp-tSbpw hniz-tZ-h-m-cp-tSbpw BIp-p. At ImW-s.

Iz Xln bP-am-\ky temI-CXn kb-kvXwX hnZym-XvIYw IpmXv? AY hnZzm IpXv


Atm bP-am-\\v temIw FhnsS? CspXpsImv temIw hmn-p-hm- \p D]mbw Bcv Adn-bm-Xncn-p-p-thm, Ah Fns\ bw sNpw? AXn-\m Adn-n-p--h sN-Ww.

]pcm {]mX-c\p hmI tkym]m-I-c-Wm-L t\\ Kml-]-Xy-tkym-Zv apJ D]-hniy khm-khw kmam-`n-Km-bXn: tem 3 I Zzmc-a-]mhm 3 Wq 33 ]tiy a Xzm hbw cm 33333 lp 3 av B 33 Pym 3 tbm 3 B 32 CXn.
{]X-c\p hmI-ns Bcw-`-n\p ap]v Kml-]-Xymn-bpsS ]nd-In Bbnv hS-tmp apJ-ambn Ccp-v, bPam-\ hkp- tZh- X-bm-bn-p kmaw A`n-Km\w sNpp. temI-Zzmcw Xpd-q. \mw cmPy-n-\mbn Atb ImW-t.

AY-Pq-tlmXn: \tam hmb-th f --co ntX temI ntX, temIw ta bPam\mb h; Gj ssh bP-am\m kytemIx, GXm-kvay{X bP-am\x ]c kvXmZmbpjx kzmlm f ]Pln ]cnL anXyp-tzm-n-jvTXn; X kvssacp{Zm am[yw Zn\w kh\w kw{]-b--n.
A\-cw tlman-p-p. A-co temI-n hknp-- h-\mb hmbp-hn\v \a-kIm-cw. bP-am- \-\mb F\n-pv thn temIs e`n--tW. CXv bP-am-\s temI-am-Ipp. bP-am-\\mb Rm, Bbp-p-I-gnp Cu temIn Kan-p-am-dm-I-tW. kzml, temI-Zzm-c-n-ep hnep-XSn \op-p Fp ]d-nv Ah Dm\w sNpp. Ah\v cq{Zm a[yw Zn\-n-ep kh\w \evIp-p.

AY-Pq-tlmXn \tam f tb ]rYn-ho-n tX, temI-ntX temIw ta bP am\mb hnssj sshb-P-am-\ky temI GX-kvay{X bP-am\x ]c-kvXm-Zmbpjx kzml f- ]-Pln ]cn-L-an-Xyp-tz-n-jXn Xkvssa-h-khx {]mXx kh\w kw{]bn
A\-cw Xmsg--dbp a{w- sImv tlman-p-p. hrYnhn temI-n hkn-p-p. An-bm-b, Atv \a-kIm-cw. Pb-am-\-\mb F\n-mbn temIw e`n--tW. v

]pcm XrXo-b-k-h\ tkym]m-I-cWm -L-t \\m f lh-\ob kymZ-vapJ D]-hn[y k BZnXyw k sshiz-tZhw kam-`n-Km-bXn: tem 3 I Zzmc-a-]mhm Z Wq 33 ]tiy-aXzm hbw kzmcm 33333 lp 3 av B 33 Pym 3 tbm B 32''' CXym-ZnXyw; AY sshiz-tZhw: tem 3 I Zzmc am]mhm 3 Wq 33 ]tiy aXzm-]bw kzcm 33333 lp 3 av B 33 Pym 3 tbm 3 B 32 ''' CXn 13
aqm-as kh-\-ns Bcw-`n\p ap]v, Blh-\o-bm-n-bpsS ]nd-In hS-tmp apJ-am-bn-n-cp-v, bP-

212

I am-\, BZn-Xy tZh-\m-bn-p kma-t-bpw, hniz-tZ-hm tZh-X-bm-bn-p kma-tbpw A`n-Km\w sNp-p. temI-Zzmcw Xpd-p-I, \mw kzcm-Py-n-\mbn Asb ImWs Fv BZn-Xy tZh-X-bm-bn-p kmaw sNmpp. hopw hniz-tZ-hm tZh-X-bm-bn-p kmaw sNpp. temI-Zzm-cs A]m-h-cWw sNbvI. \mw kzcm-Py-n\mbn Km\w sNp-p.

Cu BZn-Xy tZh-mv a[p-hm-Ip-p. Ba-[p-hn\v tZymhp Xs, Ipdp-sI-bp apf-bm-Ip-p. BImiw a[z]q-]-am-Ip-p. civan-I `qa--fpsS Ipn-I-fm-Ip-p.

Xky tb {]mtm-civa-bkvXm Ghmky {]mtNym-a-[p-\mUyx EN Gh a[p-IrX EtKzZ Gh ]pjv]w, Xm AarXm B]x


B BZn-Xys Ing-tm-p civan-I GXm-tWm, AXp-Xs Cu a[p-hns Ing-tm-p \mUn-I-fm-Ip-p. EXp- Xs a[p-Ir-p-I BIp-p. EtKzZw Xs ]qhv BIp-p. tkmaw, BPyw apX-em-bh ]pjv]--fnep Ap-I-fm-Ip-p. EtKzZw F i_vZw-sIm-p-t-inp--Xv, EtKz-Z-m-ep Iw BIp-p.

AY-Pq-tlmXn \a BZn-tXy-`y hntez-`ykvO tZth t`ym Znhn nZvt`ym temI-nZvt`ym temIw ta bP am\mb hnX 14 Gj ss] bP am\ky temI GXm-kvay{X ]c-kvXm-Zmbp jx kzmlm f ]lX ]cn-L-anXyp tzmn- jvTXn.

CXn-\p-tijw tlman-p-p. Zyp temI-n hkn-p-hcmb BZn-Xy-mm-bpw, hniz-tZ-hmmbpw \aAn-s\-bp Cu Ep-I Cu EtKz-Zs A`n-Xkv-cn-p-p. bP-am-\-\mb F\n-p-thn temIw e`n]n-p. A`n-X-]n--s AXn\v Ion-bpw, tZl-Zo-]vXn-bpw, tW. CXv bP-am- \s temI- am- Ip-p. bP-am- \-\mb Rm C{n-b-hpw, ho- hpw, BIp ckw Dm-bn. I-n Bbpp Ign-v, Chn-sSv Kan-p-am-dm-I-tW. kzml \np-m-Ip ckw ]d-n-cn-p-p. AK-fs A]-l-\n-s Fp ]d-nv Dm\w sNpXZzyc--Zm-ZnXym a`ntXm f {ibXv; p.

Xmhm GXm EN GX-ar-tKzZ a`yX ]wkvX-kym-`n-X]vXkyb ikvtXP C{nbw - ho-a-mZyw ctkm f PmbX

Xkvam BZn-Xym hntKz-NtZhm kvXrXobw kh\w kw{]-b-n; Gj l ssh b kymam{Xmw thZ, b Ghw thZ b Ghw thZ.
B bP-am-\\v BZn-Xy-mcpw hniz-tZ-h-mcpw aqmas kh\w \Ip-p. Bcv C{]-Imcw Adn-bp-p-thm, B bP-am-\ b-ns alm-ys Adn-bp-p. b Ghw thZ Fp cp-{]m-hiyw ]d-n-cn-p-Xv Cu Aymbw Ah-km-\np Fv ImWn-m-\m-Wv.

XZzm GXZy tZX-Zm-ZnXy kytcmlnXw cq]w


bip apX AmZyw hsc- bp-Xv Kan-p. AXv BZnXys Hcp hiv B{i-bn-p. BZn-Xys XpSp Cu cq]w GXmtWm AXv CXm-Ip-p.

cmw Jw
AYtb f ky Zn-Wm-c-iva-bkvXm Ghmky ZnWm a[p\m tUymbPqw tjyh a[pIr tXm bqthZ Gh ]pjv]w Xm AarXm B]x

Hmw Jw

]ns Chs sXtm- p civan-I GXm-tWm, AXp Xs BZn-Xy-\m-Ip a[p-hns sXtm-p a[p-\m-Un(hn-i n- -^ -e -{ ]m-] vX n- mbn b hnj- b - fpw bm-Ip-p. bPq-p-I Xs a[p-Ir-p-I BIp-p. bmwK `qX--fp-am- b, kma- tlm-a-a- t{m-m-\-fpw D]- bPqtZw Xs ]pjv]w BIp-p. B Aar-X- AptZ-inp Ign-p. kh-b--fp-tSbpw ^e-cq-]-\mb I BIp-p. kqcy al-mb {iotbm-Sp-IqSn AXyw Pzen-p-sImXm\nhm GXm-\n-bPqw tjyXw bPqth n-cn-p-p. kh-{]m-Wn-Ifp-tSbpw I- -fpsS ^e-amZa-`y-X]; Xkym-` n-X]vXky bi-kvtXP bn-cn-p Cu BZn-Xy-s\, {]Xy--ambn Fm-hcpw D]C{nbw ho-a-mZyw ctkm f PmbX Po- hn- p-p.)

aqmw Aymbw

Hmw Aku hm BZntXym tZh-a[p; Xky Zyu tch-Xnc o\-hw-tim f-cn a-]q-t]m, aco-Nbx ]p{Xmx

2 XZzyc ZmZn-Xy-a-`ntXm f {ipbXv; XZzm GX-Zy-tZX ZmZn-Xyky ipw cq]w

Cu bPq-p-I bPqth-Z-hn-ln-X-amb Iw A`n-X]n-p. A`n-X-]n--s AXn\v bipw tXPpw C{n-

213

I bhpw hohpw Am-Zy-hp-am-Ip ckw P\n-p. B I-

Zn-I Ap-I-fm-Ip-p. A-s\-bp Cu AYhmw-Kn-c^- e- am-Ip ckw Kanp; AXv BZn- Xys Hcp hiv B{i- p-I Cu CXn-lm-k-]p-cm-Ws A`n-X-]n-n-p. A`n-Xbn-p. BZn-Xys Cu ip-amb cq]w GtXm AXv Cu ]n--s CXn-lm-k- ]p-cm-W-n\v bi-pw, tXPpw C{nbhpw hohpw Am-Zyhpw ck-ambn P\n-p. AXp Kana[p-hm-Ip-p. p. AXv BZn-Xys Hcp hiv B{i-bn-p. BZn-Xys AY-tb fky {]Xy-tm-c-ivab kvXm Ghmky Cu Ghpw Idp cq]w GtXm AXv B ckw Xs {]Xy-tm-a-[ p-\mUyx kmam-t \yh a[p-IrXx -bm-Wv.

kma thZ Gh ]pjv]w Xm AarXm B]x Xm\nhm GXm\n kmam-t\yXw kma-thZ a`y X], Xkym-`n-X-]vXky bikvtX P C{nbw ho amZyw ctkm f PmbtX XZz--cXv XZm-Zn-Xy-a-`ntXm f {ibXv; XZzm GXZv btZ-X-Zm-ZnXy ky IrjvWw cq]w.
Cu BZn- Xys ]Sn- m- tdmp t]mIp civanI GXmtWm, AXv Cu a[p-hns {]Xy-p-Ifmb a[p-\m-Un-I BIp-p. kma- Xs {`a-c- BIp-p. kma-th-Zm hn[n--s-Sp Iw ]pjv]w BIp-p. B AarX- Ap-Ifm-Ip-p. A-s\-bp Cu kma-, kma-th-Z-n hn[n-n-p Iw A`n-X-]n-n-p. A`n-X]n- - s AXn\v bi- pw, tXP- pw, C{n-b -h pw, hohpw Am-Zy-hp-am-Ip ckw P\n-n-p. B ckw Kan- p. AXv BZn- Xys Hcp hiv B{i-bn- p. BZn- Xys Cu IrjvW-amb cq]w GtXm, AXv Cu I-^-e-amb a[p-hm-Ip-p.

Amw Jw
AYtb f tkymm-c-iva-bkvXm Ghmtkym zm a[p-\mtUym Kplym Gh ff tZim a[p-IrtXm {_ssh ]pjv]w Xm A arXm B]x tXhm GtX Kplym BtZim GX Xv{_m`y X]; Xkym`n X]vkky bi-kvtXP C{nbw ho-a-mZyw ctkm f PmbX XZz--cmXv XZm-ZnXy a`ntXm f {ibXv XZzm GXZ btZX ZmZn-Xy-ky-at[y tm`X Ch.
]ns Chs tatm-p civan- I GXmtWm AXv Cu a[p-hns taevt]m-p a[p-\m-Un-I BIp-p. clkr--fmb D]-tZ-i- Xs a[p-Ir-p-Ifm-Ip-p. {_w Xs ]pjv]-am-Ip-p. Btkm-am-Zn-I Ap-IfmIp-p. A-s\-bp Cu Kply--fmb D]-tZ-i- Cu {_s A`n-X-]n-n-p. A`n-X-]n--s {_-n\v bipw tXPpw C{n-bhpw hohpw Am-Zyhpw ckambn Dm- bn. B ckw Kan- p. AXv BZn-Xys\ Hcp hiv B{i-bn-p. BZn-Xys ay-n GXmtWm Cu tm`np--Xp-t]mse Ccn-p-Xv AXp Cu ck-am-Ip-p.

\memw Jw
AY-tb-tky-Z-tm-civab kvXm Ghmtkym ZotNym a[p-\mUyx AY-hmv Kn ck Gh a[p-IrX CXn-lmk ]pcmWw ]pjv]w, Xm AarXm B]x tXhm GtXm f Yhmv Kock GX-ZnXn lmk ]pcm-W-a-`y-X-] Xkym-`n-X]vX ky bi-kvtXP C{nbw ho-a-mZyw ctkm f PmbX XZvhy--cXv XZm-Zn-Xy-a-`ntXm f {ibXv XZzm GXXv btZX ZmZnXy ky]cw IrjvWw cq]w.
Chs hS-tm-p civan-I GXmtWm Ah Xs Cu a[p-h ns hS-tm-p a[p \mUn-I -f m-I p- p. AYhm-hn-\mepw Av Koc-n-\mepw Ip-]n-Sn--s-np a{- Xs {`a-c--fm-Ip-p. CXn-lm-khpw ]pcmWhpw ]pjv]-am- Ip-p. I-n {]tbm-Kn- p tkmam-

tXhm GtX ckm\mw ckx thZmln ckm kvtXjm-tatX ckmx Xm\n hm GXm-\y-arXm \ma-ar-Xm\n; thZmly arXm-kvtX-jmta Xm\y-ar-Xm-\n.
ta]-d {]Im-c-ap tcmln-Xm-Zn-cq-]hn-ti-j- ck--fpsS ck--fm-Ip-p. thZ- ck--fm-Ip-p. tcmln-Xm-Zn-cq- ]-hn-ti-j- , B thZ- -fp-tSbpw AXyw kmc-`q-X- -fpw BIp-p. An-s\-bp Ch Aar-X-fp-tSbpw Aar-X- -fm-Ip-p. Fs-m thZ- AarX- -fm-Ip-p. Cu tcmln-Xm-Zn-cq-]- Ahbvpw AarX-- fm-Ip- p.

214

I Bdmw Jw
XZyXv {]Y-a-a-arXw XZz-k-h-D-]-Po-hy n \map-tJ\; \ ssh tZhm Aiv\n \ ]n_-tyX tZhm-arXw Zrzm Xr ]yn.

Ah-bn Hm-as AarXw GtXm AXns\ hkp An-bm-Ip apJw sImv D]- Po- hn-p- p. tZh-m C{]-Imcw Cu AarXw Bcv Adn-bp- pthm Ah cp{ZAin-p-n-. ]m\w sNp-n-. Aar-Xs Fm Ic-W- m-cn Hcp- h- s\- tmse Bbn-onv C{-\m-Ip apJw-sf-sImpw A\p-`hn-nv Xr]vX- cm-Ip-p. sImv CtX AarXw Zinp Xr]vX-\m- Ip-p. Ah CtX cq]w t\mn-bn-cn-p-p. Cu cq]-ns t`mK-n-\mbn X GX tZh cq] a`n-kw-hn-ity X Dm-l-ap--h-\m-bn-o-cp-p.

k b GX tZh-a-arXw thZ cp{ZmWm ansshtIm `qtXzt{ ssWh aptJssX tZhm-arXw Zrzm Xr]yXn; k GX tZh cq] a`n kwhn-itXy Xkvam {Zp]m ZptZ-X n.

kvam {Zp]m Zp Zyn

Ah Cu cq]w Xs t\mn-bn-cn-p-p. Cu cq]w A\p-`hn-p--Xn-\mbn Dm- l-ap--h-cm-bn-o-cp-p. -

k b GX-tZ-h-a-arXw thZ hkv{X-\m-an-sshtIm `qXzm f n ss\h aptJm ss\ XtZ-hm-arXw Zrzm Xr]y Xn. k GX tZh cq] a`n kwhni tXy Xkvam {Zp]m-Zp-t`-Xn.
Cu AarXw Bcv Adn-bp-pthm Ah hkp--fn Hcp-h-s\-tmse Bbn-onv An-bm-I p apJwsImv Cu tcmln-X-cq-]am-Ip AarXw Zinp Xr]vX\m-bn- o-cp-p. Ah Cu cq]w t\mn-sm-n-cn- p-p. Cu cq]w A\p-`hn-p-hm-\mbn Dm-lap--h-\m-bn-ocp-p.

k bmh ZmZnXyx ]pc-kvXm-Zp-tZXm ]m-Z-kvX-taXm ZznkvXm-hZv Zn WX DtZ-tXm--ctXm f kvXta-Xmcp {ZmWm tah-Xm-h-Zm-[n-]Xyw kzmcmPyw ]t-X m.
F{X-Im-etmfw BZn-Xy Ingv DZn--bpw, ]Snmdv AkvX-an--bpw sNp-p-thm, AXns Cc-n-mew sXp- Zn-n DZn- p- Ibpw hS- p- Zn- n AkvX-an- p- Ibpw sNp-p. A{X- tm- fw- Imew hnZzm cp{Z- m- cpsS B[n-]-Xytbpw kzcm-Py-tbpw Fm- bn- Spw {]m]n-pw .

Fmw Jw
AY-bXv XrXo-b-a-arXw X`m-ZnXym D] Pohn hcp-tW\ aptJ\; \ ssh tZhm Aiv\n \ ]n_-tyX tZhm arXw Zrzm Xr]y-n.
aqm-as AarXw GtXm AXns\ BZn-Xy-m hcpWs\ apJ-amn D]-Po-hn-p-p. tZh-m `n-p-n-. ]m\w sNp-n-. Cu cq]-am-Ip Aar-Xs Zinp Xr]vX-cm-Ip-p.

k bmh-Zm-ZnXyx ]pc-kvXm-Zp-tZXm ]m ZkvXta Xm hkv{X\m tah Xmh-Zm[n ]Xyw kzmcmPyw ]tXm


B hnZzm BZn-Xy Ing-t Znn DZn-bpw ]Snmtd Znn AkvX-an-p-Ibpw sNp-n-S-tmfw Imew hkp--fpsS B[n-]Xy-t-bpw, kzcm-Py-tbpw Fm-bn-Spw {]m]n-p-p.

Ggmw Jw
AY-bZv ZznXo-b-a-arXw X{Zp{Zm D]Po ho-t{W aptJ\; \ sshtZhm A iv\n X]n _ty X tZhm-arXw Zr zmXr-]yn X GX-tZh cq]-a`n kw hnity Xkvam {Zp]m-Zp-Zy-n.

X GX-tZh cq] a`n kwhn-i-ty Xkvam-{Zp]m ZpZyn


Ah Cu cq]w t\mn-sm-n-cn-p-p. Cu cq]w A\p-`hn-p--Xn-\mbn Dm- l-ap--h-cm-bn-o-cp-p. -

cm- as AarXw GtXm AXv cp{Z-m C{-\m-Ip apJw-sImv D]- Po-hn- p-p. tZh- m Ain- p-n; ]m\w sNp-n; Cu AarXw Zin-nv Xr]vX-cm-Ip-p. Ah Cu AarXw Bcv Adn-bp-p-thm, Ah BZn-Xy-mCtX cq]w t\mn-sImv kzkvX-cm-bn-cn-p-p. Cu cq]cn Hcp- h-s\- tmse Bbn- on- v, hcp- Ws\s apJns t`mK-n- \mbn Dm-l-ap--h-cm-bn-o-cp-p.

k b GX-tZ-h-a-arXw thZf ZnXym \manssh tIm `qXzm hcptW ss\h aptJss\ XtZ-hm-arXw Zrzm-Xr-]y-Xn k GX-tZh cq]-a`n kwhn-itXy Xkvam tZh cq]m Zp t`Xn

215

I amn CtX AarXw Zin-nv Xr]vX-\m-Ip-p. Ah CtX


cq]w t\mn-sm-n-cn-p-p. Cu cq]w A\p-`-hn-p-Xn-\p-thn Dm-l-ap--h-\m-bn-o-cp-p.

AkvX-an-p-Ibpw sNp-p. Cu Imew B hnZzm acpp-I p-X -s - b p B[n-] -X y-t bpw kzcm-P ytbpw Fm-bn-Spw {]m]n-pw.

k bmh ZmZntXym Zn-WX DtZtXm ctXm f kvXta Xm Zzn kvXmhXv ]ivOmZp t`Xm ]pc-kvXtaXm ff ZnXym-\m-ta-h Xm hZm-[n-]Xyw kzmcmPyw ]tXm
F{X-Imew BZn-Xy sXt Znn DZn- bpw hS-tZn-n AkvXan-p-Ibpw sNp-pthm AXns cpKpWw Imew ]Sn-m- dp-Zn-bpw Ingv AkvX-an-p-Ibpw sNp-p. A{X-tmfw Imew Ah BZn-Xyam-cpsS B[n-]-Xy-sbpw kzcm-Py-tbpw Fm-bn-Spw {]m]np-p.

]mw Jw
AY-bXv ]-a-a-arXw Xm-[ym-D -]-Po-hn {_Wm aptJ-\, \ ssh tZhm Aiv\n \]n _tyX tZhm-arXw Zrzm Xr]y-n; X GX-tZh cq]-a-`n-kw-hn-ity Xkvam-{Zq]m Zp Zyn. k b GX tZh-a-arXw thZ km[ym\ ansshtIm `qXzm {_-ssWh aptJ ss\X tZhm-arXw Zr-]m-Xr-]y-Xn, k GX tZh cq]-a-`n-kw-hn-itXy Xkvam {Zp]m-Zp-tZ-Xn. kbmh ZmZnXy D-cX DtZXm Zn WtXm f kvXta Xm ZznkvXm hZqz DtZXm fhm-kvXtaXm km[ym-\m-ta-h-Xmh Zm[n-]Xyw kzmcmPyw ]tXm;
Amas Aar-X-tatXm AXns\ km[y-m {_s, {_m-hns\ apJ-amn D]-Po-hn-p-p. tZh-m Ain-p-n-. ]m\w sNp-n-. Cu AarXw Zin-nv Xr]vX- cm-Ip-p. Cu AarXw Bcp Adn-bp-p-thm, Ah km[y-m-cn Hcp-h-s\-tmse Bbn-on-p, {_m-hpXs bmb apJwsImv CtX AarXw Zin-nv Xr]vX\m-bn-o-cp-p. Ah CtX cq]s t\mn Ccn-p-p. Cu cq]s A\p-`-hn-p--Xn-\mbn Dm-l-ap--h-\m-bno-cp-p. BZn-Xy F{X-Imew hSv DZn--bpw, sXv AkvX-an-p-Ibpw sNp-p-thm, AXns Cc-n-Imew Duz-`m-K-n DZn-bpw Xmsg AkvX- an-bpw sNpp. A{X-tmfw Imew Ah kmy-mp-Xmb B[n-]Xy-tbpw kzmcm-Py-tbpw ]cn-K-an-pw. -

H]Xmw Jw
AY-b- -Xp-a-arXw X-cpX D]-Po-hn tkmta\ aptJ\; \ sshtZhm Aiv \n\ ]n_-tyX tZhm-arXw Zrm Xr]ynw X GX tZh-cq-]-a-`nkw hnityXkvam-{Zp-] m-Zp-Zyn k b GX tZh-a-arXw thZ acpXm ansshtIm `qXzm tkm ta ss\h-aptJ ss\X tZhm arXw Zrzm Xr]yXn; k GX tZh cq]-a`n kwhn-itXy Xkva m-{Zp-]m-Zp-tZ-X n. kbm-h-Zm-ZnXyx ]m-Zp-t`Xm ]pckvXm ZkvXtaXm ZznkvXm-h-Zp--cX Dt`Xm Zn-WtXm f kvXtaXm acp Xmh Zm[n ]Xyw kzcmPyw ]t-Xm.

\mem-as Aar-X-ta-tXm, AXns\ acp-p-I tkma s\ apJ-amn D]-Po-hn-p-p. tZh-m Bin-p-n-. ]m\w sNp-n-. Ah AarXv Zin-nv Xr]vX-m-cm-Ip]Xn- s \mmw Jw p. Ah CtX cq]s t\mn-sm-n-cn-p-p. Cu AY XX Duz DtZXy ss\ thm cq]s A\p-`-hn-m-\mbn Dm-l-ap--h-cm-bn-o-cp-p. Cu AarXw Bcp Adn-bp-pthm Ah acp-p-I-fn tZXm \mkvXta-Xm, GIe Gh Hcp-h-s\- tmse Bbn-onv tkma Xs- bmb apJwaty mXm; XtZj tmIx sImp CtX AarXw Zin-nv Xr]vX-\m-bn-o-cp-p. AXn-\p-tijw {_-am-bn- ov Dbnv DZn-m-Ah CtX cq]w t\mn- sm-n- cn- p- p. Cu cq]w A\ph-\mbpw AkvXas {]m]n-m--h-\m-bnpw GI-e-am`-hn-m-\mbn Dm-l-ap-h-\m-bn-o-cp-p. F{X- Imew bnp Xns nXn-s Npw B B \n BZn-Xy ]Sn-mdv DZn-bpw Ingv AkvX-an-bpw sNp-pthm AXns KpWw hS- p-Zn-bpw sXv CutmIw IqSn Dv.

216

\ ssh X{X, \ \ntmN t\mZn-bmb IZm-N\ tZhm-kvtX-\mlw ktXy\ am hncm-[njn {_-tW-Xn.


B {_-tem-I-n \o tNmZn-p-Xv C. Hcn-epw kqcy AkvX-an-n-n-. DZn-n-n-. Atbm tZh-mtc! Rm {_-kz-cq-]- amb B kXy-tmSp hncp--\m-h-cp-tX.

sImp-h-p-sIm-Sp-p. DjvWn-v, A\p-jSpv apX- emb v ap N- p-I- fpsS A-c-kw- Jy-I-fn Kmb- {Xn-bpsS Ac-kwJy AS-n-bn-cn-p-p. Cm-c-W--fm-semw Kmb{Xnv b-n {]m[m-\y-ap-v. AXn-\m Kmb{Xn hgnbmbn {_w ]d-bp-p.)

\ lhm Akvam DtZXn \ \ntm-NXn kIrXv Zn hm ssl hmkvssa `hXn b GXm tahw {_tm-]-\n-jZw thZ.
C{]Imcw Cu {_tm-]-\n-jns\ Bcv Adn-bp-pthm, Ah DZn- p- n- . AkvX -an- p- n-. Chv Ftmgpw ]I Xs.

Kmb{Xo hm CZw khw `qXw bZnZw InwN; hmssKz Kmb-{Xo, hmKzm CZw khw `qXw Kmb-Xn-{Xm-b-tXN
Cu PK-m-bn-cn-p-Xv GsX-m-tam, B `qX-samw Kmb-{Xn-bm-Ip-p. Kmb{Xn FXv hmm-Ip-p. hmv Cu `qXs Km\w sNbvIbpw {XmWw sNbvIbpw sNp-p.

Xss-XZv {_m {]Pm-]-Xb DhmN {]Pm-]-Xn-\th a\px {]Pm`yx Xss XZp-m-e-Imbm f cpWtb tPyjvT- fb]p {Xmb ]nXm {_-t{]m-hmN
An-s\-bp Cu a[p m\s lnc-Wy-K` {]Pm-]-Xnv ]d-p-sIm-Sp-p. {]Pm-]Xn a\p-hn-\pw, a\p {]P-Ipw Cu {_-m\w tPyjvT-]p-{X-\mb AcpWs A]-Xy-amb Dm-e-I\v ]nXmhv ]dp sImSp-p.

bm ssh km Kmb-{Xn, Cbw hmh km, tbbw ]rYnhn; Akymw loZw khw `qXw {]Xn jvTnXw; GXm tah XmXn iob-tX.
Cu Kmb{Xn GXmtWm AXv CXp-X-s-bm-Ip-p. Cu {]nYnhn GtXm AXp Kmb-{Xn- bm-Ip-p. Cu `qX-samw Cu {]nYn-hn-bn {]Xn-jTn-X-am-bn-cn-p-p. AXns\ AXn-i-bnv p- n-.

CZw hmh XPv tPymb ]p{Xmb ]nXm {_ {]{_q-bmXv; {]mWmbymb hmft-hm-knt\; \m\y-kvssaI kvssa N\
A-s\- bp Cu {_-s-n ]nXm- h,v tPyjvT-\mb ]p{X-t\m, tbmKy-\mb injyt\m ]d-p-sIm-Sp--Ww. A\y\v Hcp-\pw D]-tZ-in--cp-Xv.

bm sshkm ]rYn-hn, Cbw hmhkm bZn Za-kvan ]pcptj ico-cw, Akvan lota {]mWx {]Xn-jvTnXmx G \tZh \mXn-io-b-t.
C{]-Im-c-ap ]rYnhn GXmtWm AXv CXm-Ip-p. Cu icocw GtXm AXv CXm-Ip-p. Fs-m Cu {]mW Cu ico-c-n {]Xn-jTn-X-fm- bn-cn-p-p. CXns\ v AXn-i-bn- p-n-.

bZy-]ykvam Cam-aZv`nx ]cn-Kr-loXmw [\ky ]qmw ZZym tZX tZhX tXm`qb CtXyX tZh-X-tXm-`qb CXn.
Cu hnZym-Zm-Xm-hn\v Pe-m Np-s--Xpw, [\wsImp ]qhpw Bb, Cu ]rYnsb sImSp- p-I-bm- sWn t]mepw Cu a[p hnZym-Zm\w sNp- Xv AXn- s\-m A[n-I-am-bn-p--Xm-Ip- p.

b ssZzXXv ]pcptj icoc anZw hmh-X-Xv, bZn-Z-ax ]pcp-tj-lr-Zbw; Akvan lota-{]mWmx {]Xn-jvTnXmx GX-tZh \mXn- io-b -t.
]pcp- j-\n-ep B icocw GtXm AXv ]pcp- js Dnep Cu lrZ-bam-Ip-p. Fs-m Cu {]mW- Cu lrZ-bn {]Xn-jvTn-X--fm-bn-cn-p-p. CXv AXn{I-an-p-n-.

]{mw Jw

(]e O-p-I-fp--tm, Kmb-{Xnsbs {_An-s\-bp Cu Kmb{Xo \mep-]m-Z-tfm-Sp-Iq-Snm-\-n\v Zzmc-ambn FSp--Xv, Kmb- {Xn- p {]m[m\yw bXpw Bdp-hn-[-n-ep--Xp-am-Ip-p. Cu Kmb{Xo Fp sImm-W.v kmas sImp-h-cp-Xv Kmb-{Xo-O--n-ep, Ep-I sImm-W.v kma-s- sIm-p-h- cp--Xn- \mbn ]d-bp {_w En-\m {]Im-in-n--s-n-cn-p-p. tZh-m Kmb- {Xn, {Xnp-v, PKXn Chsb \ntbm-Kn-- tm, Xmhm-\ky alnam XtXm Pymbmw PK-Xnbpw {Xnvpw, Xp in-bn-m--Xn-\m, ]pcpjx ]tZmfky khm-`q-Xm\n ]IpXn hgn-p-hv aS-n-t]m-bn. Kmb{Xn tkma-ns {Xn]m-Z-kym-arXw Znhn. ASp--se-n. Imhmsc tXmev]nv AXv tZh-mv

sskjm NXp-jv]Zm jUzn-[m Kmb{Xo XtZX ZrNm f `y\qw

217

CXv Kmb{Xn Fp ]d-bp-Xv {_-ns aln-abm- Imcw Bcp Adn-bp-pthm Ah {iobph\mbpw biIp- p. ]pcp- j AXn- t\-m al--c-\m-Ip- p. Fm `qX- p--h-\mbpw Xocp-p. fpw Chs \men-semcp `mK-am-Ip-p. Chs aqp-]mAY tbm fky {]Xyv kpjnx tkmf]m\x Z--tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb AarXw tZymhn-em-Ip-p.

bssZz XZv {_t-XoZw hmh-X-Xv, tbm bw _lnm ]pcp-jm-ZmImix, tbm ssh k_ lnm ]pcpjm ZmImtimf bw hmh ktbf bax ]pcpj BImix, tbm ssh tkmf x ]pcpj BImtim f bw hmh-ktbm f b a lrZb BImix, XtZ-XXv ]q a {]hn ]qm-a-{]-hn\ow {inbw e`ytX b Ghw thZ.
B {_- sap ]d- Xv GtXm, AXv CXm-Ip- p. ]pcpj-\n \np shfn-p Cu BImiw GtXm AXv CXmIp-p. ]pcp-j\p shfnp BImiw GtXm AXv CXmIp-p. ]pcp-js Dn-ep Cu BImiw GtXm AXv CXm-Ip-p. ]pcp-js Dn-ep Cu BImiw GtXm AXv CXm-Ip-p. lrZ-bn-\p-n-ep Cu BImiw GtXm AXv CXm-Ip-p. A-s\-bp lrZ- bm-Im-i- sap ]d-bp Cu {_w ]qhpw {]hn-p ioe-an-mXpw BIp-p. C{]-Imcw Bcp Adn-bp-p-thm, Ah\v ]qhpw \mi-an-m--Xp-amb {io e`n-p-p.

km hmIv tkm fn, kvXtZ-XZv {_h k-a-mZy anXyp ]mkoX; {_-h kym-tZm-`-h-Xnb Ghw thZ.

Cu lrZ-bns ]Sn-m-dp-h-i-ap Zzmcw GtXm AXv A]m- \-\ BIp- p. AXp hmm-Ip-p. AXp Anbm-Ip-p. An-s\-bp CXv {_-h-k-sapw AmZy-sapw hv D]m-kn--Ww. C{]-Imcw Bcp Adn-bppthm Ah {_-h-k-ap--h\mbpw A\m-Z-\mbpw `hn-p-p.

AYtbm f tkymZv kpjnx k kam-\, kvX\x, k]-\y-kvX-tZ-XXv Ion hypjvTn-t-Xyp-]m-koX; Ion-am hypn-am `hXn b Ghw thZ.
Cu lrZ- b-ns hS- tm-p Zzmcw GtXm AXv kam\ BIp-p. AXv a\-m-Ip-p. ]P-\y AXm-Ip-p. An-s\-bp CXns\ Ion-sbpw hypjvTn-sbpw hv D]m-kn--Ww. Bcv C{]-Imcw D]m-kn-p-pthm Ah Ion-bp-h\mbpw hypn-bp--h\mbpw `hn- pw.

]Xn-aqmw Jw
Xky lhm GXky lrZ-bky ]-tZ-h -kp-j bx, ktbm fky {]mv kpjnx k {]mW, kvX px, k BZn-Xy, kvXtZ-X-ttPmf mZy-anXyp ]mknX; tXPkzymtZm `hXn b Ghw thZw.
Cu {]Ir- X-amb lrZ-b-n\v Ap tZh-Zz-c- Dv. lrZ-b-ns B Ing-p Zzmcw GtXm AXv {]mW-\mIp-p. AXp Np-m-Ip-p. AXv BZn-Xy-\m-Ip-p. Cu {]mW-s\p ]d-bp {_s tXPpw Am-Zyhpw Fp-hv D]m-kn--Ww.

AYtbm ftkym zx kpjnx k DZm\x, k hmbpx k BImi tZX tZmP al tXyp ]mkoX; HmPkzo alkzo ` hXnb Ghw thZ.
lrZ-b-ns taevt]m-p Zzmcw GtXm AXv DZm-\ BIpp; hmbp AXm-Ip-p. An-s\-bp CXns\ HmPspw al- spw IcpXn D]m- kn--Ww. C{]-Imcw Bcp Adn-bp-pthm Ah HmP-kzn-bmbpw al-kzn-bmbpw Xocpp.

AY tbm fky ZnWx kpjnx khy-\, kvXNvt{im-{Xw, k N{-amkvX tZX Nv Ovdo bi-t-Xyp-]m-koX; {ioam b i kzo `hXn b Gh thZ.
Cu lrZ- b-ns he-Xp-h-i-p Zzmcw GtXm AXv hym\-\m-Ip-p. AXv t{im{X- am-Ip-p. AXv N{-a-\-m-Ipp. A-s\-b p hym\-s \p ]d-bp {_s {iosbpw bi-spw hnNm-cnv D]m-kn--Ww. C{]-

tX hm GtX ]-{_ ]pcpjmx kzKky temIky Zzmc]mx, kb GXm-t\hw ]-{_ ]pcp-jm kzKky temIky Zzmc-]m thZmky Ipte hotcm Pmb tX {]Xn-]-ZytX kzw temIw b GXm-t\hw ]-]p-cp-jm kzKky temIky Zzmc-]m thZ
Cu Ap {_-]p-cp-j-m kz-am-Ip temIns Zzmc-]m-e-I-cm-Ip-p. kz-am-Ip temI-ns Zzmc-]m-e-m-cmb Cu Ap ]pcp-j- msc Bcp D]m-kn- ppthm Ahs Ipe-n hoc-\mb ]p{X P\n-pw. kz- am-Ip temI-ns Zzmc-]m-e-m-cmb Ap {_-

218

I ]p-cp-j-msc Bcv D]m-kn-p-pthm Ah kz-am-Ip


temIw {]m]n-pw.

lrZ-b-]p--coI a[y-n-ep-, Fs Cu Bmhv at\m-a-b\pw {]mW-\m-Ip ico-c-tm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-h-\pw, ssNX-\y-e--W-amb cq]-tmSp IqSn- b-h-\pw, kXy-fmb k-e]- -tfmSp IqSn- b-h-\pw, BImiw t]mse-bp v kzcq-]-tmSp IqSn-b-h\pw, kh-e-P-K-p-am-Ip Itm-Sp-Iq-Snbh\pw tZmj-c- ln-X--fm-b, Fm Ima--tfmSp-Iq-Sn-b-h-\pw, kpJ-Ic--fmb Fm K--tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb-h-\pw, kzmZp--fmb Fm ck--tfmSpw IqSn-b-h\pw Cu PK-ns\ Fmw A`n-hym-]n-n-cn-p--h-\pw, hmv{ZnBZyp-tem-I-n \np ]c-am-bn, hniz-n\pw ]rjvT- b-an-m--h-\pw, kw{`-a-an-m--h\pw BIp-p. Ah n, AXm-bXv kh-n\pw apI-fn D-a--fmb {holn-sb-mfpw bh-s-mfpw ISp-In-s\-mfpw NmatemI- - fn bmsXmcp tPymXnv Zo]n-p-- Xp- t]mse Ccn- sb-m-fpw, Nma-b-cn-sb-mfpw AWp-X-c-\m-Ipp! lrZ-bp-pthm AXv CXm-Ip-p. Ftm ico-c-kw-k]iw a-y-n-ep Fs Cu Bmhv ]rYn-hn-sb-m alv sImv NqSns\ Adn-bp-pthm Atm AXv ]pcp-js -c-\m-Ipp; A-co--t-m al--c-\m-Ipp; ay-n-en-cn-p tPymXn-ns Zi-t\m-]m-b-am-Ip-p. tZymhn-t\-m al--c-\m-Ip-p. Cu temI--sf-m Ftm C{]-Imcw I- sf AS-nv cY-tLmjw al-- c-\m-Ip- p. t]mse-bp i_vZw t]msebpw Pzen-p An-bpsS kh-Im kh-Imax kh-Kx i_vZw t]msebpw tIp-pthm Atm CXv AXns {ih-tWm-]m-b-am-Ip-p. An-s\-bp Cu tPymXn-ns\ kh-ckx kh-an-Z-a-`ymtm fhmIy Zr-sapw {ipX-sapw IcpXn D]m-kn--Ww. Cs\ \mZc Gja Bm flr-Zb Bcv D]m-kn-p-pthm Ah Zi-\o-b-\mbpw hn{ip-XGXZv {_ss XanXx t{]Xym`n \mbpw Xocp-p.

AY bZXx ]tcm Znthm tPymXnZo ]ytX hnizXx ]rjvtTjp khXx ]rjvtT-j z-\p--ta-jvT--tajp temtI jznZw hmh-XZv bZn-Z-ax ]pcptj tPymXnkvX ssky jmZr-n ss{X XZkvan RvOcotc kw kv]ti-t\mjvWn am\w hn Pm\mXn; X ssky jm {ipXn ss{X-XXv Im-h]n Krly \n\-Z-an-h-\-ZYq-cnhm tcn hPz-eX D]-ir-tWmXn XtZ Xrw N{ipXw tNXyp-]m-koX Npjyx {iptXm `hXn b Ghw thZ.

Bm flr-Ztb fWobm {hotlm bhm Zzm k-]mZzm imam-ImZzm iymam IX-p-emZzm; Gja Bm f lrZtb Pymbm ]rYnhy Pymbm-\n cnm-ym-b Znthm Pym bmt\ t`ym temtI`yx

]Xn- memw Jw
X-em\w CZw-khw Jep {_-CXn-imx D]m-koX kx {IXpw IphoX AY Jep ]pcpjx {IXp-abx ]pcpjx Akvantem tI bYm-{IXpx CXx t{]Xy-X-Ym-`-h-Xn.
B {_-n \np P\n-p--Xpw, AXn Xs ebn-p--Xpw, AXn tNjvTn-p-Xpw Bb Cu PKsmw {_s cmK-tZz-jmZn tZmj- IqSmsX D]mkn--Ww. Ah C-s\-bm-Wv, asmcp hn[-n-e Fp \nbw sN-Ww. Poh A[y-hkm-b-kz-cq-]\m-Ip-p. ]pcp-j Cu temI-n GXp hn[-n-ep A[y-h-km-b-tm-Sp-Iq- Sn-b- h-\m- bn-cn-p- pthm Ah Cu tZlw acn-nv An- s\-bm-bn-o-cp-p.

kw`-hn-Xm-kvaoXn bky kym Zm \ hnNn-Inm fkvXnXn lkvam ffl im neyx imneyx

lrZ-b-a - y- n-e p Fs Cu Bmhv khImhpw kh-Im-a\pw kh-K-\pw kh-c-k-\pw, Cu PK-ns\ Fmw A`n hym]n-n-cn-p--h\pw, hmn-m-h\pw kw{`-a-an-m--h\pw BIp-p. CXp {_-am-Ipp. Cu tZl-n \nv hnp t]mbnv Rm Bm-hmbn-o-cpw. CXv \n-b-am-W.v CXv Bv kXy-ambn Dmbn-cn-p-p-thm, kwibw Dm-bn-cn-p-n- tbm Ah AXp-t]m-se-Xs Cuiz-c-`m-hs {]m]n-pw. Cs\ imn-ey F Ejn ]d-n-cn-p-p.

]Xn-\ mw Jw
A-co-tm-Zcx tImtim `qan-_pvt\m \ Po-Xn, Zntim lyky-{k-tbm Zyuc-tkym-cw hnew; k Gj tImi h kp[m\ kvXkvan hniz-anZw {inXw.

at\m-abx {]mW-i-cotcm `mcp]x k Xyk-ev] BIm-imm kh-Im kh-Imamx kh-Kx kh-ckx kh-an-Z-a-`ymtm fhmIy \mZw Gja

219

A-co-- am-Ip DZ-c-tmSp IqSn-b-Xpw, `qan-bm-Ip Cu PK-m-bn-cn-p-Xv GsX-mtam A-s\-bp aqe-tmSp IqSn-bXpw, Bb `m-c-sn \in-p-n-. Cu `qX- sa- mw {]mW BIp- p. AXn- \m {]mW {]]tZy Cu tImi-ns tImW- Znp-I-fm-Ip-p. CXns Fv hm- hmb Rm ]d-Xp GtXm AXp- sImv B apI-fn-es kpjncw tZymhm-Ip-p. Cn-s\-bp Cu {]mW-s\-s Rm icWw {]m]n- n-cn-p- p. tImiw [\w hbvp--Xm-Ip-p. BtIm-i-n-\p-n, AY bZ-thmNw `qx {]]Zy CXn, ]rYnhow {]mWn-I-fpsS I- ^-e-samw nXn sNp-p.

Xky {]mNo-ZnKv Pqlqma kl-am\ \ma Zn-Wm, cmn, \ma {]Xo-No, kp`qXm \mtam ZoNn; Xmwtkm hmbphwx, kb GX-tahw hmbpw Znimw hw thZ \ ]p{Xtcm Zw tcmZnXn; tkm flta Xtahw hmbpw Znimw hw thZ; am ]p{X-tcmZw cpZw

{]]tZy fcow {]]tZy Znhw {]] tZy CtXyh XZ thmNw

`qx {]]tZy Fv Rm ]d-tXtXm AXpsImv ]rYn-hnsb Rm icWw {]m]n-p-p. A-co-s icWw {]m]n-pp Fpw tZymhns\ icWw {]m]npp Fpw Xs BWv Rm ]d--Xv.

B tImi-ns Ingt Znv Pqlp Fp t]cp-Xm-Ip-p. sXt Znv kl-am-\, Fp t]cp--Xm-Ipp. ]Sn-m-sd-Znv cmPn Fp t]cp--Xm-Ip-p. hSt ]ns `qhx {]]tZy Fv Rm ]d--tXtXm AXpZnv kp`qX Fp t]cp-- Xm- Ip- p. hmbp BZn-p-I-fpsS sImv Ansb icWw {]m]n-pp Fpw hmbp-hns\ hkvX-\m-Ip-p. Cu hmbp-hns\ Znp-I-fpsS h-\mbn ]p{X\v ZoL-Po-hn-X- am-{K-ln-p--Xmbn Bc-dn-bp-pthm icWw {]m]n-pp Fpw, BZn-Xys\ icWw {]m]nAh ]p{X \nan--ap tcmZ\w tcmZn--bn-. As\ pp Fpw Xs- bmWv Rm ]d--Xv. ]p{X\p ZoL-Po-hn-X-an-n-p Rm Cu hmbp-hns\ AY bZ-thmNw kzx {]]Zy CXyr tKzZw Znp-I-fpsS hkvX-s\v Adn-bp-p. Rm]p-{X \nan-{]]tZy bPqthZw {]]tZy kma-thZw ap tcmZ-\w-sImp tcmZn--cp-X.v

AY bZ thmNw `phx {]]Zy CXynw {]]tZy hmbpw {]]Zy BZnXyw {]]Zy CtXyh XZ-thm-N w.

Acnw tImiw {]]tZy ap\m fap\m fap\m, {]mWw {]]tZyf ap\m fap\m fap\m, `qx {]]tZy fap\m fap\m fap\m, `qhx {]]tZy fap\m fap\m fap\m, kzx {]]tZy fap\m fap\m fap\m
]p{X\v ZoLm-bpv B{K-ln-p--h, ss{XtemIys Hcp `m-c-s-n-bmbpw {]tXyI \ma--tfm-Sp-IqSnb AXns \mep-Zn-p-Isfbpw kv{XoI-fmbn k-e]nv v B Znp-I-fp-am-bp kw_--m hmbp-hn-s\, B Znp-I-fpsS ac-W-an-m h-\mbn Nnn--W-sa-pXv {]Y-tam-]m-k-\-am-Ip-p. ChnsS AXns Bva-bamb P]s ImWn- p- p. ]p{Xs \mas aqp XhW ]pd-bp--Xm-Wv. Aap-\m, Aap-\m, A ap\m F-Xv. Rm C ]p{X\v ZoLm-bp- p- m-Ip-hm thn, \mi-an-m tImis icWw {]m]n-p-p. Cu ]p{X-\p-thn {]mWs\ icWw {]m]n- p-p. Cu ]p{X-\p-thn `qtemIs icWw {]m]n-p-p. Cu ]p{X-\p-thn kztemIs icWw {]m]n-p-p. Fm-bn-Spw ap{- ap-\- \maw aqp XhW ]d-bpp.

{]]Zy CtXyh XZ-thmNw


""kzx {]]tZy'' Fv Rm ]d--tXtXm AXp-sImv ""EtKz-Zs'' Rm icWw {]]n-p-p. ""bPqth-Zs'' Rm icWw {]m]n-p-p. ""kma- th-Zs'' Rm icWw {]m]n-p-p. Rm ]d-Xv CXm-W.v

]Xn-\ mdmw Jw
]p{Xs Bbp-n-\p-th-n-bp D]m-k-\hpw P]-hpamWv CXp-hsc ]d--Xv. C\n X\np Xs ZoL-Po-hnX-n-\p-th-n-bp D]m-k-\bpw P]hpw ]d-bp-p. Pohnn-cp-m-et ]p{X apX-emb ^e- A\p-`hn-m Ign-b q.

]pcptjm hmh bx Xky bm\n NXphnw-iXn hjmWn XXv {]mXx kh\w NXp hnwiXy cm Kmb-{Xo, Kmb-{Xw, {]mXx kh-\w, XZky hkthm \zm bmx {]mWm hmh hkh GtX loZw khw hmk-bn
]pcp-j Xs b-am-Ip-p. Ahs BZys Ccp-]n-\mep hj- GXmtWm AXv {]mXx kh-\am-Ip-p. Kmb{Xn Ccp-]-n-\m-e-- c-ap--Xm-Ip-p. {]mXx

k bZ thmNw {]mWw {]]Zy CXn, {]mtWm hm CZw khw `qXw bZnZw Inw N Xtah XXv {]m]n.

220

I kh\w Kmb{Xn O-m-bn-p--Xm-W.v Cu ]pcp-j-\m-Ip


b-ns B{]mXx kh-\s hkp- A\p-K-X-cmbn-cn- p-p. hkp- {]mW- Xs- bm-Wv. Cu {]mW CXns\ Fmw hkn-n-p-p.

AXn\n-v, B D]-Xm-]-n \nv Db-cp-p. AK-Z-\mbn-o-cp-p. CXv Xo-bm-Wv.

\mev]-sp hj- GXmtWm AXv XrXo-bk-h\-am- Ip-p. PKXn F Ov \mev]- s--- c- ap aqmas kh\w PK-Xnsb kw_-n-Xm-Wv. Cu ]pcp-j-b-ns B XrXo-b-k-h\w BZn-Xy-m A\p-K-X-cm-bnb-ambn km-Zn--s-n-cn-p B ]pcp-js\ {]mXx kh-\-ambn k--am-bn-cn-p hb-n ac-W-i- cn- p- p. BZn- Xy- m {]mW Xs- bm- Wv. Fs- m m-Im-c-W-amb hym[n apX-emb Fs- nepw D]-X- ]n--bm- Cu {]mW- CXns\ Fmw BZm\w sNp-p. sW-n, bkw]m-Zn-bmb ]pcp-j P]n- -W w. Xw tNtZ-X-kvan hbkn Inw NnZp] Atbm {]mW--fm-Ip hkp-sf CXv Fs {]mXx Xt]Xv k {_qbmXv: {]mWm B kh-\-am-Ip-p. am[yw Zn\-amb kh-\s A\p-k-m\w ZnXym CZw ta XrXob kh-\-am-bpc sNp-hn. b-amb Rm {]mW--fm-Ip hkp-fpsS \Sp- hn hv hntem-]n-- cp- Xv. B D]-Xm-]-n \nv \p kw X\p-tX-Xn. am flw {]mWm\m DZvK-an-p-p. tcmK-hn-ap--\m-bn-o-cp-p. CXv Xo-bmamZnXym \mw at[y btm hntem]vko Wv.

Xw tNtZ-X-kvan hbkn Inw NnZp-]Xv t]Xv, k{_q-bmXv {]mWm hkh CZw ta {]mXx kh\w am[yw Zn\w kh\ a\pkw X\p-tXXn; am f lw {]mWm\w hkq\mw aty btm hntem-]vko-tbXn; Dss-h-XX GXy-KtZm l `h-Xn.

AY-bm-\ym NXzm-cnwi ZzjmWn XXv XrXob kh\w Am-N-Xzmcnwi Z cm PKXo; PmKXw XrXob kh\w; XZky ffZnXym A\zm-bmx {]mWm hmh ffZnXym GtX loZw kh-am-Z-Z-tX.

tbXn; Dssh XX GXy-KtZm l `h-Xn.

AY-bm\n NXp-kvO-Xzmcnw iZzjm-Wn, X m[yw Zn\w kh\w; NXp--Xzm-cnwi Z-cm-{Xn-p]v; ss{Xp` am[yw Zn\w kh\w; XZky cp{Zm A\zm-bmx, {]mWm hmh cp{Zmx, GtX lnZw khw tcmZ-b-n.
\mev]Xp hj- Ghtbm AXv a[yw Zn\-amb kh\-am-Ip-p. {Xnnv F Ov \mev]-n-\m-e- c-ap-Xm-Ip-p. Cu ]pcp-j-b--ns kh-\s cp{Z-m A\p-K-X-cm-bn-cn-p-p. cp{Z-m {]mW- Xs-bm-W.v Cu {]mW- Cu {]mWnPmXs Ic-bn-p-p.

B ]pcp-js\ HSp-hn-es \mev]-s-p-hj-n hym[n apX-emb Fs-nepw D]-X-]n-n--bm-sW-n Ah P]n--Ww. {]mW--fm-Ip BZn-Xy-msc Fs Cu aqm-as kh-\am-Ip Bbp apgp-h-\m-q. b-amb Rm {]mW--fm-Ip BZn-Xy-m-cpsS a[ynhv hntem-]n--cp-Xv. Ah B D]-Xm-]-n \nv Db-cp-p. Ah tcmK-hn-ap--\m-bn-o-cp-p.

Xw tNZ-kvan hbkn InwNn-`p-]-X-t]Xv k{_q-bmXv: {]mWm cp{Zm CZw ta amyw Zn\w kh\w XrXob kh\ a\pkw X\p-tX-Xn, am flw {]mWm\mw cp{ZmWmw at[y btm hntem]vko tbXn; Dssh XX GXy-KtZm l `h-Xn.
b-ambn km-Zn--s-n-cn-p ]pcp-js\ aywZn\ kh-\-Im-e-n, hym[n apX-emb Fs- nepw D]-X]n-n--bm-sW-n Ah P]n--Ww. {]mW--em-Ip cp{Z-msc CXv Fs am[yw-Zn-\-amb kh-\-am-Ip- p. XrXob kh-\s A\p-k--]n-q. b-amb Rm {]mW-fm-Ip cp{Z-m-cpsS a[y-n hv hntem-]n--cp-Xv.

GX kva XZzn-Zzm-\ml aln-Zmk sFX-tcbx, k Inw a GX-Zp] X]kn tbm fla t\\ \ t{]jym aoXn; kl-tjm-Uiw hj iXa PohXv; {]ml, tjmUiw hj-iXw PohXn b Ghw thZ
An-s\-bp Cu b-Zi-\s Adn-n-p CX-c-bpsS ]p{X-\mb aln-Zm-k ]dp: Rm \o sNp D]-Xm-]w-sImv acn--b n-. An-s \-bp F\nv \o Fn\p D]- {Zhw Dm- pp. aln- Zm- k \qn- Xn- \m- dp- hjw Pohn- p. C{]- Imcw b- kw- ]m- Z-\s Adnbp ap- -h\pw Cns\ \qn--Xn- \mdp hjw Pohn-w. p

]Xn-t\gmw Jw
k bZ iojXn bXv ]n]m-kXn b catX Xm Bky Zomx

221

B ]pcp-j Ain-p-hm-\n-n-pp F-tX-tXm, ]m\w sNbzm-\n-n-pp F-tX-tXm, can-m-Xn-cn-p-tX- tXm, Ah Chs Zo-bm-Ip-p.

AY bZ-iv\mXn bXv ]n_Xo b{Z-atX XZp-]k ssZtcXn


Ain-p-Xp bmsXm-mtWm can-p-Xv bmsXm-mtWm AXv D]-k-p--tfmSv kam-\X {]m]n-p-p.

DZzbw Xa-kkv]-cn-tPymXnx ]iy-D cw kzx ]iy Dcw tZhw tZh{Xm kqcy-a-K tPymXn-cp-a anXn tPymXn-cp- -a-an-Xn.

AY b-kXn b-Xn bssYp \w NcXn kvXpX-ikv{X tch XtZXn.


lkn-p-Xp bmsXm-tm, `n-p-Xv bmsXm-tm ssaYp\w sNp-Xv bmsXm-tm AXv kvXpX ikv{X-tfmSp kmayw {]m]n-p-p.

Am-\ -e--W -amb Xa- n-\ - p-d w, BZn-X y-\n nXn-sN-p-, tPymXn-ns\ Ip-sImv ap tPymXnp-Isf Dt]-nv DIrXc-amb \psS lrZ-bnep tPymXn-ns\ Ip-sImv Fm tZh-m-cnepw tZh\pw tPymXn-p-Ifn hp--a-\p-amb kqcys\ \mw {]m]n-n-cn- p- p.

]Xn-s\mw Jw
at\m {_t-Xyp-]m-kosX Xy[ymw AYm\n ssZhX amImtim {_tXn D`-b-am-Znw `h-Xy-[ymw Nm[n ssZh-aXw
a\v {_-am- Ip- p. Fp IcpXn D]m- kn--Ww. Bhn-j-b- I-amb Zi-\w, tZh-Xm-hn-j- b-amb Zi-\w, ]d-bm t]mIp-p. BImiw {_-am-Ipp Fp hnNm-cnv D]mkn--Ww. C{]-Imcw A[ym- hpw A[n-ssZ-h-Xhpw cpw D]-tZ-in--s- n-cn-p-p.

AY-bXv Xt]m-Zm\ amP-h-a-lnwkm kXy-h-N-\an-XnXm Aky ZnWmx X]-,v Zm\w, EPq-Xzw, Alnw-k, kXyw ]d-bp-I, Fp-tXtXm Ah Cu ]pcp-j-b--ns Zn-W -I fm-Ip-p.

Xkvam-Zmlqx tkmjy-Xy-tkm-tXn; ]p \cp ]mZ\ tahm kyXXv; acWtahm ]ZrYx


AXp-sImp khnpw Fpw khnp Fp ]d-bpp. AXv Cu ]pcp-j-b--ns ]p\-cp]m-Z\w Xsbm-Ip-p. acWw Xs b-]-cn-k-am-]Xn-bm-Ip-p. v

An-s\-bp Cu {_w \mep-]m-Z--tfm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-XmIp-p. Cu ]mZw hmm-hp-p. Hcp ]mZw {]mW-\m-Ip-p. Cu b-Zi-\s Av Knc-ns tKm{X-n- Hcp ]mZw Np-m-Ip-p. Hcp ]mZw t{im{X-am-Ip-p. C\n ep tLmc tZh-Io-]p-{X-\mb IrjvW\v ]d-p-sIm-Sp- A[n-ssZ-hXw ]d-bm t]mIp-p. Hcp ]mZw An-bm-Ipn- p-v. IrjvW ]n]mk Cm--h-\mbn `hn-p. C{]- p. Hcp ]mZw hmbp-hm-Ip-p. Hcp ]mZw BZn-Xy-\m-Ip-p. Im-c-ap bw Adn-bp--h ac-W-Im-e-n Cu Hcp ]mZw Znp-I-fm-Ip-p. Cns\ A[ym-hpw A[naqp a{hpw P]n-Ww: \o AnXw BIp-p. \o ssZ-h-Xhpw cp hn[-nepw NXp-jv]m-mb {_t kzcq-]-n\p \mi- an-m- -Xm-Ip-p. \o {]mW\pw kqva- D]-tZ-in-p-p. X-z-hp-am-Ip-p. Cu A-n Xmsg--d-bp cv hmtKh {_W Xp ]mZ Ep-I Dv.

Xss-XZv tLmc Bv Knckx Ir-jvWmb tZhIo ]p{Xmtbm tzm hmN; A]n-]mk Gh k _`qhm; tkm fth-em-bmta XXv{Xbw {]Xn-]tZy X: An-X -a-ky-Nyp-X-akn {]m-Wkwin Xa-koXn; Xss{XtX tZz ENu `hXx

XtZX Xp-jv]mZv {_, hmIv, ]mZx {]mWx ]mZ-px ]mZx t{im{Xw ]mZ CXy-[ymw AYm[n ssZhXw: Anx ]mtZm hmbpx ]m Z, BZnXyx ]mtZm Znix ]mZ CXyp `b-tahm ffZnw `hXy [ymw ssN hm[n ssZhXw N.

BZnXv {]Xv\ky tcXkx ]iyn hmkcw ]tcm bZn-[y-tX-Znhn

{]Xv\-amb PK- Zv_o- P-ns ]It]m-se- bp tPymXnns\ {_-hn-p-I Fm-bn-Spw ImWp-p. B a\-m-Ip {_-ns \mem-as ]mZw hmp-XtPymXnv ]c-ambn tZymX-\ap ]c-{_--n {]Im-ins-bm-Ip-p. B ]mZw An-bm-Ip tPymXn-p-sImv p-p.

tkm fn\m tPymXnjm `mXn N Xh\n N `mXn N X]-XnN Io ym bikm {_-htk \b Ghw thZ.

222

I {]Im-in-p-Ibpw Xm]s Dm-p-Ibpw sNp-p. C{]Imcw Bcv Adn-bp-pthm Ah Ion-sImpw bip-sImpw {_-h--kw sImpw Zo]n-bpw X]n-pIbpw sNp-p.

{]mW Gh {_-W--Xpx ]mZx khm-bp\m tPymXn `mXnN X]-Xn-N, `mXn-N, X]-XnN Ioym bikm {_ h k\ b Ghw thZ
a\-m-Ip {_-ns \mep ]mZ-- fn Hv {]mW\m-Ip-p. B hmZw hmbp-hm-Ip tPymXn-p-sImv Zo]nbpw X]n-bpw sNp-p. C{]-Imcw Bcp Adn-bppthm Ah Ion- sIm-pw, bi-p-sImpw {_h-kw-sIm-pw, Zo]n-p-Ibpw X-]n-p-Ibpw sNp-p.

BZn- Xy {_- a Ipp Fv D]- tZ-in-p-p. B BZnmXys\ D]-hym-Jym\w sNp-p. CuP-K-smw D]np ap]v Ak-p-t]mse Xs Bbn-cp-p. AXv km-bn-op. AXp kw`-hn-p. AXv A-am-bnop. B Aw Hcp kwh--c-tm-f-ap Imew InS-p. s]mn ap-tm-Sp-I cP-Xhpw kph-hp-am-bnXop.

XZy{Z PXw tkbw ]rYn-hn, bXv kphw km Zux b-cmbp tX ]hXmx bZpev_w k tatLm \olmtcm; bm [a\ bkvXm \ tZym; bZzm-kvtXb apZIw k kap{Zx
bmsXmcp I]mew cP-X-am-bn-opthm AXv Cu ]rYn-h n- b m-I p- p. bmsXmcp I]mew kphm-b nopthm AXv tZymhm-Ip-p. K`-ns pe-amb Bh-c-W-tatXm AXp ]h-X-- em-bn- op. Dev_- sap ]d-bp K`-th--tatXm AXv taL--tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb ambn- op. K`- ns tZl- n-e p Rc- p-I GXmtWm Ah \Zn-I-fm-bn-op. K`-ns hkvXnbn-ep Pew GtXm AXv kap-{Z-am-bn-op.

Np-tch {_-W--Xpx ]mZx k BZn-tXy\ tPymXnjm `mXnN X]Xn N; `mXn N X]Xn N Ioym bikm {_-h-tk-\b Ghw thZ.
{_- ns \mep- ]m- Z--fn Hv Np-m-Ip-p. B ]mZw BZn-Xy-\m-Ip tPymXn-p-sImv Zo]n-bpw X]nbpw sNp-p.

AY bXv XZ PmbX tkmfkm-h m-Zn-Xy, kvXw Pmb-am\w tLmjm Dep-Jthm \qZ-Xn-jvT khmWn N `qXm\n kthN Imamx, Xkvam--tkym-Zbw {]Xn {]Xym b\w {]Xn-tLmjm Deqthm fnjvT n khmWn `qXm\n kthN Imamx
B A-n GsXm- mtWm P\n- Xv AXv B BZnXy-\m-Ip-p. P\n-p Ahs ]nmse henb i_vZtm-Sp-Iq-Snb tLmj-fpw Fm `qX-fpw Fm Imafpw Dm\w sNbvXp. AXn-\m B BZn-Xys DZbw \nan--ambpw Akvabw \nan--ambpw hopw hopap {]Xym-Ka\w \nan--ambpw Deq-e--fmb tLmjfpw Fm `qX-epw Fm Ima-fpw Am\w sNp- p.

t{im{X-tah {_-W--Xpx ]mZx, kZn KvZn tPym Xnjm `mXn N X]Xn N; `mXn N ]X]n N Ioym-b-im {_-h tk\ b Ghw thZ.
a\-m- Ip {_-ns \mep- ]m-Z-- fn Hv t{im{Xam-Ip-p. B ]mZw Znp-I-fm-Ip tPymXn-p-sImv Zo]nbpw X]n-bpw sNp-p. C{]-Imcw Bcp Adn-bppthm Ah Ion-sImpw bi-p-sImpw {_h-ckw sImpw Zo]n-bpw X]n-bpw sNp-p. hnZym-^ew Fm-bn-Spw Xpey-am-Ip-p. AZr--^ew {_-kw-]n- bm-Wv. -

]sm]Xmw Jw
BZntXym {_tXym tZix Xtkym] hymJym\wx Ak tZth Z a{K AkoXv; XXv kZm-koXv; XXv ka-`hXv; XZmw \nc hX; XXv kwh kcky am{Xm-a-ibX; Xn c`n-ZyX; X BI ]mte cPXw N kphw Nm`-h-Xmw.

k b GX-tahw hnZzm-\m-ZnXyw {_t Xyp]mkvtX f`ymtim l btZ\w km[thm tLmjm BN-K-tbp cq]-N\n t{atU-c \nt{a-t U-c
C{]-Imcw Adnp Cu BZn-Xys\ {_-sa-p-hv Bcv D]m-kn-p-p-thm, Chs\ \ntm-j--fmb tLmj BK-an-bpw kpJn-n-bpw sNpw. CXv io{Lw kw`-hn-pw.

223

I \mem-a-ymbw
Hmw Jw
hmbphpw {]mW\pw kmm {_-sa \ne-bn D]m-ky--em-sWv hn[n- p-- Xn- \mbn D-c-{Kw Bcw`n-pp. IYmhnjb-{K-lWw Ffp--am-p--Xn\pw hnZy \Ip--Xn\pw {Kln-p--Xn-\p-ap hn[n ImWn-p-p. {i, A- Zm-\w, A\p--XXzw apX- em-bh IqSn hnZym-{]m]vXn-km-[-\--fm-Wv Cu Aym-b-n ]d-bp-p.

InwN {]Pmx km[p Iph-n, bkvXtZz Z bXv k thZ k a ssb XZp CXn.

Hmw PmK-{ip-Xnl ]u{Xm-bWx {im tZ tbm _lp-Zmbo _lp-hmIy Bk, k, l khX Bh-m am]bmw Nt{I, k hX Gh tafy-oXn
{i-tbm-Sp-IqSn sImSp-p- -h-\pw, hf-sc-sIm-Sp-phpw hfsc Aw ]mIw sNbvI FXv Xs Krln-ep--h\ p-ambn ]p{Xs ]u{X-\ mb P\-{ip-X s A]Xyw Dm-bn-cp-p. ]u{Xm-b-W-\mb Pm\-{ipXn Fmbn-Spw hmk-`-h-\sf Dm-n-p. Fm-bn-Spw Fs Aw \evIpw F-bm ]d-p.

GXp {]Im-c-amtWm NqXn \mev Aw-sImp Pbn-h-\v, AXn-\p-X m-sg-b p- -t{X-X , Zzm]-c w, Ien Fp t]cp aqpw, cpw, Hpw A- A`-hn-pXv A{]-Imcw {]P-I Fsmw km[p-hm-bn-p-Xp sNp-pthm AsXmw Cu sscIz-\n A`-hn-p- p. B sscIz Fns\ Adn-bp-p-thm, AXns\ Bcp Adnbp-pthm Ah C{]-Imcw Adn-bp-p.

XZpl Pm\-{ipXnx ]u{Xm-bW D] iq{imh; k l kwPn lm\ Gh mc aphmN: Av Kmtc lk bpKzm-\-anh sscIz amt-Xn, tbm\p IYw kbpKzm sscIz CXn. bYm IrXm b hnPn-Xm-bm-[-tcbmx kwb-ty-hta \w khw X Z`n ktaXn bXv Inw N {]Pmx km[p Ihn; bkvXtZzZ bXv k thZ, k a ssbX-Zp CXn.
B lwk--fpsS hN-\s ]u{XmbW\mb Pm\{ipXn D]-{i-hnp. Ah ib-\s hnSp Ah-k-c-XXns m-hn-t\mSv ]d-p. FtSm hm, kbpizm-hmb sscIy-s\-tmse ]d-bp-pthm A-n kbpizm-hmb sscIz-t\mSp ]d-bpI Fv ]d-bp-p. kbp-izmhmb sscIz Fp ]d-bp B Fn- s\-bp- - h\mWv? mhp tNmZn-p. F{]-Imcw IrX-sap ]d-bp Bbw sImp t\Sn-b-h\v Xmsg-bp t{XX, Zzm]cw Ien Fo Bb- A`-hn-p--Xp-t]mse F{]-Im-cw, {]P-I Fsmw sNptm AsXmw Cu sscIzs\ A`n-kw-Kan-p- p. Ah Fp Adn- bp- p-thm, AXns\ BcmtWm a\-n-em-p-Xv Ah\pw C{]-Imcw ]d-bp-p. P\-{ipXn ]d-p.

AY l lwkm \nim-bm-aXn t]Xpx Xssh lw tkm lwk-a-`yp-hmZ tlm tlmbn! `m! Pm\-{iptXx ]u{Xm-b-Wky kaw Znhm tPymXncm XXw, Xm {]kmvo kvXzm am {][m-o-cn-Xn.
An-s\-bn-cn-p-tm Hcn- cm{Xn-bn lwk cmPm- h n\p ImW- - - h w IS- p- t ]m- b n. Atms B Iq-n Hcp lwkw asmcp lwktmSv ]d-p. Atbm `mm!, `mm!, ]u{Xm-b-W\mb Pm\-{ip-Xn-bpsS tPymXn-v, tZymhn-t\mSv Xpey-ambn hym]vX-am-bn-cn-p-p. B tPymXn-ns\ {]k-n--cp-Xv. B tPymXnv \ns Zln-n-pw.

Xapl ]cx {]Xyp-hmNx Iazc G\ taXXv kw k bpKzm\ anhssc Izamt Xntbm\p IYw kbpKzm sscIz CXn.
Ans\ ]d lwk-tmSv at lwkw adp-]Sn ]dp: FtSm Cu PmK-{ip-Xnp Fp amlm-y-ap--Xn\m-emWv iI-S-tm-Sp-Iq-Snb sscIzs\ F-t]mse \o Cns\ ]d-bp--Xv. kmbp-Kzm-hmb sscIz Fp ]dbp-Xv Fn-s\-bp--h-\mWv Fv BZyw ]d lwkw tNmZn-p.

k l m f\znjy, \mhn-Z-anXn {] tXybmb; Xwtlm hmN: b{Xmtc! {_m-Wkym-t\z-jWm X tZ\ at-Xn. B mhv At\z-jn-nv Rm Adn-n Fpw ]dv Xncn-p-h-p. Ah-t\mSp cmPmhv ]dp: FtSm {_m-W s At\z-j Ww Fhn-s S-b mtWm AhnsS sscIzs\ At\z-jn-q.

bYm IrXmb hnPnXm bm[-tcbmx kwb tyh ta\w khw X``n kta-Xn, bXv

tkm f[kvXm ISky ]mam\w Ij-amW apt]m ]hn-th-i, \ lm`yp-hmZx Xzw \p `Khx kbp-kzm-sscIz CXn Alw lycm3 CXn l {]Xn Pt, kl m fhnZ-anXn {]tXy-bmb

224

Ah iI-S-ns ASn-bn ]mam-hns\ sNmdn-psIm-n-cn- p Hcp- hs ASp- sNn- cp-p. B sscIzt\mSv ]d- p. `K- h m-t\, kzbp-i zm- h mb sscIz AmtWm Rm Xs- bmWv Fv sscIz ]d-p. B mhv Rm sscIzs\ Adnp Fp ]dp {]XymK-an-p.

Xkym l apJ apt]mZv KrlvWp hmN:- BP-lm-tcamx iq{Zm t\ ss\h aptJ\m ffem]-bn-jyYm CXn tX ssltX ssc Iz ]m \ma alm-hr-tjjp b{Xmkvam Dhmk Xkvssa tlmhmN

cmw Jw
XZpl Pm\-{ipXnx ]u{Xm-bWx jSv iXm\n Khmw, \njvI, aiz-X-co-cYw X Zm Zmb {]Xn-N{Ita ]u{Xm-b-W-\mb Pm\-{ipXn Adp-\qdp ]ip-tf Igpn-en-Sp lmc-t-bpw, s]tIm-h Igp-X-I henp Hcp cY-t-bpw, FSp-p-sImv sscIzs ASp-tep sNp.

B cmP-]p-{Xn-sb-X- s, hnZym-Zm-\-n-\p Zzmc-sav Adn-p-sImv sscIz ]d-p. Atbm iq{Zm, Cu ]ip--tfbpw apw \o sImp- h-tm \m-bn. Cu apJwsIm-p-Xs Fs-smp \o ]d-bn-p-p. An-s\bp Cu {Kma-, alm-hr-- Fp ]d- bp tZi sscIz-h- Fp {]kn- - - fm- Ip-p. B {Kma-fn sscIz hkn-n-cp-p. B {Kma- sscIz\v cmPmhp sImSp-- Xm-Wv. Cs\ [\w sImSp cmPm- hn\v sscIz hnZysb ]dp-sIm-Sp-p.

Xw lm`yp-hmZ: ssctIz-am-\n-jSv iXm\n Khm, abw \njvtImfb aiz Xco-ctYm f\pa GXmw `Kthm tZ hXmw im[n, bmw tZhXm ap]m CXn.

aqmw Jw
hmbphmh kwhx bZm hm An-cp-Zzm-bXn hmbp-tahm t]yXn; bZm kqtm fkvXta-Xn, hmbp-tahm t]yXn; bZm Nt{m fkvXta-Xn, hmbp-tahm t]yXn

sscIz-t\mSp ]dp: Atbm sscIz CXm Adp-\q-dp]-ip- ; CXm I-lm-cw, CXm Aiz- sf ]qnb cYw. _mly-amb hmbp kw{K-l-W-kz-`m-ha p--Xm-Ip-p. A-tbm, `K-hmt\ Av GXv tZh- Xtb D]m-kn- p-pthm An Ftm DZzm- ks {]m]n- p- pthm Atm hmbpCu tZh-Xsb F\nv ]d-p-X-cq. hns kz`mhw {]m]n-p-p. kqcy Ftm AkvX-anp-pthm Atm hmbp-hnXs ebn-p-p. N{ Xapl ]cx {]Xyp-hm-Nml ltcXzm Ftm AkvX-an-p-pthm Atm hmbp-hns iq{Z, Xsshh kl tKm`n-ckvXznXn; ebn- p-p.

XZpl ]p\-tch Pm\-{ipXnx ]u{Xm bWx kl{kw Khmw, \njvI, aiz-Xcn cYw, Zpln-Xcw, XZm-Zmb {]Xn-N{Ita -

bZmf] DNviq-jyn hmbp-ta-hm]n bn; hmbptly ssh Xm khm kw]rvt CXym-[n-ssZ-hXw

Pm\-{i-Xn-tbmSv sscIz Dcw ]d-p. FSm iq{ZAp-I Ftm hp- pthm Atm hmbplm- c-tm-Sp-Iq-Snb iInSn ]ip- -tfm-Sp-IqsS \n\-p- Xs hns ebn-p-p. hmbp An apX-em-bh sb Ccn--s. AXn-\p-tijw hopw ]u{Xm-b-W\mb Pm\Fmw kw{K-kn-p-p. Cs\ tZh-X-I-fn-ep kwh{ipXn Bbncw ]ip--tfbpw IWvT-lm-c-tbpw Aiz-XZi\w Dm-Ip-p. co-c-Ytbpw Xs ]p{Xn-tbbpw Iqn, A[-\hp-ambn sscIys ASp--tep sNp. AYm-[ymw: {]mtWm hmh kwhx

Xw lm`yp-hmZ: ssctIzZw kl{kw Khm, abw \njvtIm fba izX-co-cY, Cbw, Pmbm fbw {Kmtam bkvan-mtf t\zham `Khx im[oXn
sscIz-t\mSv ]dp Atbm sscIzm, CXm Bbncw ]ip-, CXm IWvT-lm-cw, CXm Aiz-X-co-c-Yw, CXm Atp `mcy, CXm Av Ccn-p {Kmaw. Atbm `K-hm-t\, Fs A\p-im-kn--tW.

k bZm kz]nXn {]mW-tah hmK-t]yXn; {]mWw Npx {]mWw t{im{Xw, {]mWw a\x, {]mtWm tlyssh Xm khm kw hrv CXn.
C\n B-hn-j-b-I-amb kwh-Zi\w ]d-bp-hm t]mIp-p. apJy-{]m-W kwh-am-Ip- p. ]pcp-j Ftm Dd-p-pthm Atm hmv{Znbw {]mW-\n ebn-p-p. {]mW hmKm-Zn-Isf Fmw kw{K-kn-p-p.

225

Xu hm GXu Zzu kwhu hmbp tch tZth-jp, {]mWx {]mtW-jvT.


An- s\-bp-h Ch cpw Xs-bm-Wv. P\-Kp-W-aph tZh-m-cn hmbp- X-s, hmKm- Zn-I- fmb {]mW-- fn apJy {]mW-\m-Ip-p.

Xkvam D l `Zpx tXhm GtX ] mt\y, ]m-t\y, Zi-k--kvXXv IrXw `h-Xn, XkvamXv khmkp Zn z-tah Zi IrXw, sskjm hn cmk-m-Zo, XtbZw khw Zrw, kh atkyZw Zrw `h-Xy-mtZm `hXn b Ghw thZb Ghw thZ.

AY l iu\Iw N Imt]-b, a`n {]Xm-coWw N Imtk \nw ]cn hnjy-amWu {_-Nmco _n`nt;

B {_-Nm-cnv `rXy-m `n-sIm-Sp-p. A-s\bp Cu Av thsd, Av thsd BsI ]m-bnv Xkvam Dl\ ZZ-Xpw. app ]d IrX- am-hp-p. AXn-\m Fm Znp-I-fnepw C\n Hcp sFXn-ly-ap-Xp ]d-bmw. ]cn-th-jWw sNIrX-amb AymZn ZiIw A-am-Ip-p. A-s\-bp s- Sp-- h-cmb I]n- tKm-{X-P-X-\mb ip\- I-]p- {X-t\mSpw ICu hncmZv Am-Zn-\n-bm-Ip-p. B hncm-n-\m Cu PKtk-\s A]-Xy-amb A`n-{]-Xm-cn-tbmSpw Hcp {_-Nm-cnsmw ImWp-p. C{]-Imcw Bcp Adn-bp-tm, Ah\v `n tNmZnp Ah-v `n sImSp-n-. Cu PK-smw Zr-am-bn-o-cp-p. Ah Am-Z-\mbn ktlm-hmN: alm \ Xptcm tZh Xocp- p.

GIx Ix k PKmc `qh-\ky tKm]mx Xw Imt] b \m`n ]iyn aym A `n{]-Xm-cn _lp[m hkw; b kvssa hm GX-Z-w, Xkvam G XZ-an-Xn.

\memw Jw
kXy Imtaml Pm_m-tem, P_memw amXc ama-{bmw Nt{I: {_-Ncyw `h-Xn, hnh-ym-an, Inw tKmt{Xm \z

B {_-Nmcn ]dp: \mep alm-m-sf `qh-\ns cn-Xm-hmb B {]Pm-]-Xn-bm-Ip Hcp tZh lakvan? CXn. {Kkn-p. Atbm Imt]-bm, A`n-{]m-Xm-cn, ]e {]Im-cPm_m-e-bpsS ]p{X-\mb kXy-Im-a-s\ Hcp-h Xs n hknp B {]Pm-]-Xnsb aym-m Adn-bpn- . Cu Aw Bm- bn-p--XmtWm Ah\v sImSp- p- amXm-hmb Pm_m-e-tbmSv bm{X ]d-p. Atbm `hXn Rm {_-Ncyw BN-cn-p-hm t]mIp-p. Rm GXp n-. tKm{X-m-c-\m-sWp ]d-m-epw.

XZpl iu\Ix Iwt]bx {]Xn-a\zm \x {]tXy-bmb; Bm-tZ-hm\mw

km ssl\-ap-hmN: \ml-ta-XZv thZ XmX, bZv tKm{XkvXz-akn;_lzlw ]cn-Ncn ]cn-Nm-cnWo buht\ Xzmae t`m km flta X-th-Z-bZv tKm{X kvXzakn; P_mem Xp \mam l akvan, kXy-Imtam \ma Xzakn; k kXy Ima Gh Pm_mtem {_phoYmx CXn
B P_me kXy-Im-a-t\mSv ]d-p: FtSm, \o GXp tKm{X- m- c- \m- W-p- Xv F\n--dnp IqSm, Rm hfsc ]cn- N - c n- p- s Imv ]cn- W - i n-e - b m- b n- c p- p. bu- \ ns \ns e`n-p. A-s\-bp F\np \o GXp tKm{X-n-ep--h-\m-sWv Adn-bm km[y-an-. Fm Rm P_me Fp t]cp--h- fm-Ip-p. \o kXyIm-a Fp t]cp--h-\m-Ip-p. A-s\-bp \o P_me-bpsS ]p{X-\mb kXy-Im-a-\m-Wp BNm-cy-t\mSp ]db-W w.

P\nXm {]Pm\mw lnc-Wy-Zwm _`tkm f\kp-cn lm-a-ky-aln am\-amlpx, A\-Zy-amt\m bZ-\-a oXn sshhbw {_-Nm-cn-t-Z. ap]m-kva-tl, Zm- kvssa-`n-m-anXn
B {_-Nm-cn-bpsS hN\w Btem-Nn-p-sImv Imt]b- \mb iu\- I {_-Nm- cn-bpsS ASp- hp ]dp: Ah mh-c-Pw-K-a--fpsS Bmhpw Aym-Zn-I-fptSbpw {]P-I-fp-tSbpw P\-bn-Xm-hpw, Hcn-epw \in-m Zw-ItfmSp IqSn-b-h-\pw, `-W-io-e\pw ta[mhn Bbnp--h\pw BIp-p. Xm A\y-cm `n--s-SmsX A-a-m An-hmv apX- em-bXns\ A`n-h-Zn-pp Fp--Xn-\m, Ahs aln-am-hns\ al-sp ]d-bpp. Atbm {_-Nm- cn \mw ta-d ey- - tfmSp IqSnb {_s Fm-bn- Spw D]m-kn-p-p. Cu {_Nm-cnv `n sImSp-q.

226

k l lmcn-{Zp-aXw KuX-a-ta-tXym-hmN: {_-Ncyw `K-hXn hym-ayp-t]bw `hX an-Xn.


B kXy-Im- a lcn-{Zp- hs ]p{X-\mb KuX-as ASpp-sNp ]dp: `K-hmt\ A-bpsS ASp- {_N-cy-ambn hkn--W-sap Rm\m-{K-ln-p-p. `K-hms\ injy-s\-p \ne-bn F\nv D]-K-an--Ww.

bm-n-sImp kXy-Im-a ]dp: Bbncw XnI-bmsX Rm Xncnp hcn- I-bn-. B kXy-Im-a hfsc hj- Ign-bp--Xp-hsc Kpcp kn-[n-bn hcmsX Imn Xs Ign-p. Atm B ]ip- Bbn-c-am-bn-op.

Amw Jw
AY ssl\ arjt`m f`yphmZ kXyIm a3 CXn, `Kh CXnl {]Xnip {imh; {]m]vXmx tkmay, kl{kw kvax {]m]b \ BNm-cy-Ipew
]ns kXy-Im-as\ Hcp Imf hnfn-p. kXy-Ima `Khms\ kXy-Im-a hnfn tIp. Atbm kuaym, R Bbncw F kwJy {]m]n-n-cn-p-p. Rsf BNm-cyIp-e-n sImp sNp hnSq.

Xw tlm hmN: Inw tKm{Xm\p tkymaym koXn; k tlmhmN: \m lta-XZv thZ t`m bZv tKmt{Xm fl akvan, A]r w amX-cw, kmam {]Xy-{_-hoXv {_ lzlw Nco ]cn-Nm-cnWo buht\ Xzm aet`; km flta X thZ bZv tKm{X kvXzakn; Pq_me Xp \maml akvan, kXy-Imtam \ma Xza-ko-Xn, tkm flw kXy Imtam Pm_mtem fkvant`mx CXn.
B kXy-Im-a-t\mSv BNm-cy tNmZnp: Atbm kuaym, \o GXp tKm{X- m-c-\mWv? kXy-Im- a ]d- p. Rm GXp tKm{X- m-c-\m- sWv F\n- - dn-p- Iq-Sm. Rm AtbmSp tNmZn-p. A ]dp: Rm hfsc ]cn-N-cn-psImv ]cn-N-c-W- io- e-bm-bn-cp-p. buh-\-n \ns e`np. As\bp Rm \o GXp tKm{X- m-c-\m-sWv Adn-bp-Ibn-. Fm Rm Pm_me Fp t]cp--hfm-W.v \o kXy-hm Fp t]cp--h-\p-am-Ip-p. Atbm `K-hm, A-s\-bp Rm Pm_m-e-bpsS ]p{X\mb kXy-Im-a-\m-Ip-p.

{_-W tX ]mZw {_hm-WoXn; {_ho-Xpta `K-h-m\n-Xn, Xkvssatlm hmN: {]mNn ZnIvIem, {]XoNo Zn-em, Zn-Wm-ZnIv ItemZo NoZnIv Iem, Gjssh tkmay, NXp-jvIex ]mtZm {_Wx {]Imihm \ma.
\n\v {_-ns \men-sem-cp `mKw ]d-p-X-c-t. B Ej`w XpSp tNmZn-p. `K-h F\np ]dp Xmepw kXy-Im-a ]d-p. Ah ]dp: Ingt Znv {_-sa ]mZ-ns \men-sem-m-Ip-p. ]Snmsd Znv Hcp Ie-bm-Ip-p. sXt Znv Hcp Ie-bmIp-p. hSt Znv Hcp Ie-bm-Ip-p. Atbm kuaym, \mep Ie-I-tfmSp IqSn-b, {_-ns Cu ]mZw {]Im-ihm Fp t]cp--Xm-Ip-p.

Xw tlmhmN: ss\XZ {_mtWm hn thp al-Xn, kan[w tkmaym fflc, D]Xzm t\tjy, \ kXym-ZKmx CXn. Xap-]-\ob Irim\m a _em\w NXpxi Xm Km \ncm-IrtXym hm tNamx tkm aym\p kw{h-tPXn Xm A`n-{]-m-]b p hmNm \mk-lt{kWm ffht-tbXn k l hj KWw t{]mhm-k, XmbZm kl{kw kw t] Zpx
B kXy-Im-a-t\mSv KuX-a ]dp: Cu hN-\s {_m-W -\m--h ]d-bp-hm \ymb-an-. Atbm kuaym, Na-X-sImp hcq. \ns Rm D]-\-bn-mw. kXy-n \nv \o sXn-bn-n-. Ahs\ D]-\-bn-nv Irifpw A_-e-I-fpamb \m\qdp ]ip-sf ]ip-q--n \np thXn-cn-p-\nn- bnv ]dp: Atbm kuay Cu tKmsf A\p-K-an-pI. B tKmsf Imn-tep bm{X-

k b GX-tZhw hnZzmw--Xp-jvIew ]mZw {_Wx {]Im-i-hm-\nXyp ]mkvtX, {] Imi-hm-\-kvan temtI `h-Xn, {]Im ihtXm l temIm-RvP-b-Xn, b GX tahw hnZzm--Xp-jvIew ]mZw {_Wx {]Imi hm\n-X yp-]mkvtX
Cs\ Adn-p-sImv Cu \mep-I-e-I-tfmSp IqSnb {_-ns ]mZw {]Im-i-hm F KpW-tm-Sp-IqSn Bcv D]m-kn-p-p-thm, Ah Cu temI-n {]hn-JymX-\m-bn-o-cpw. C{]-Im-c-a-dn-p-sImv \mep Ie-I-tfm-SpIq-Snb Cu {_-ns ]mZs {]Imi-hm Fphv Bcv D]m-kn-p-p-thm, Ah {]Im-i-ap temI- {]m]n-pw.

227

I Bdmw Jw
Ant ]mZw htXn k l tizm `qtX Km A `n{]-m-hbmw NImc; Xm b{Xm Znkmbw _`qhp kvX{Xm-Km\n ap]-kam[mb Km D]-cp[y kao-[-am-\mb ]m-Ztx {]mp-t]m-]-hn-th-i.
An \n\v {_-ns Hcp ]mZw ]d-p-Xcpw Fp ]dv Ej`w \ndp-n. kXy-Im-a ]nt Znhkw ]ip--sf-sImv BNm-cy-Ip-e-n-tep Xncn-p. B ]ip ky-bm-b-tm GXp tZip sNp-thm, AhnsS Xo Iqn, ]ip-sf Fmw XSpp \nn, kan-Zm-[\w sNbvXv An-bpsS ]nd-In Ing-tmp apJ-ambn Ccp-p.

Ggmw Jw
lwkkvtX ]mZw htXn k l tiz`q tX Km A`n-{]-m-]bmw NImc; Xm b{XmZn kmbw _`q-hr, kvX{Xmn ap] k am[m-bKm D]-cp[y kan-[-am-[mb ] mZtx {]mp-t]m] hnthi

lwkw \n\v Hcp ]mZs ]d-p-X-cpw. Fp ]dp An hnc-an-p. Ah ]nt Znh-k- am-b- tm ]ipsf bm{X-bm-n. B ]ip- ky-bm-b-tm GXp e-mtbm AhnsS Xo Iqn ]ip-sf XSp-p- \nn. kan-Zm-[m\w sNbvXv An-bpsS ]Sn- m- dp-hiw Ing-tmv apJ-ambn ASp- Ccp-p.

Xan c`yp-hmZ kXy-Ima3 CXn `Kh CXn l {]Xn ip{imh


kXy-Im-a-t\mSv An kXy-Imam Fp hnfn-p. `Khmt\ kXy-Ima hnfn-tI-p.

Xw lwk D]-\n-]-Xym-`yp-hmZ: kXy Ima3 CXn `Kh CXn l {]Xn ip{im-h .


lwkw ASp- hv Ahs\ hnfnp:- kXy-Imam Fp hnfn-p. `K-hmt\ kXy-Im-a hnfn-tI-p.

{_Wx tkmay, tX ]mZw {_hm-WoXn; {_ho-Xpta `K-hm-\n-Xn, Xkvssa tlmhm N:]r-Ynho Iem--cow Iem, Zyux Iem kap{Zx Iem, Gj ssh tkmay, NXp-jvIex ]mtZm {_tWm fhm \ma-3
Atbm kuaym, \n\v {_-ns ]mZs Rm ]d-p-X-cs An ]d-p. `K-h F\np ]d-p-Xmepw Fv kXy-Im-a Dcw ]d-p. Ah\v An-]d-p-sIm-Sp-p. ]rYnhn Hcp Ie-bm-Ip-p. Acow Hcp Ie-bm-Ip-p. tZymhv Hcp Ie-bm-Ip-p. kap{Zw Hcp Ie-bm-Ip-p. Atbm kuaym, \mep Ie-I-tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb {_-ns Cu ]mZw A\--hm Fp t]cp-XmIp-p.

{_Wx tkmay! tX ]mZw {_hmWo Xn; {_ho-Xpta `K-hm-\nXn; Xkvssa tlmhmN: Anx Iem, kqx Iem N{x Iem hnZyp-XvIem; Gj ssh tkmay, NXp-jvIex ]mtZm {_tWm tPymXn-jvam \ma.
Atbm kuaym, \n\p {_- ns ]mZs Rm ]dp Xc- s. Fp lwkw tNmZn-p. `K-hm F\np ]dp Xmepw Fp kXy-Im-a Dcw ]d-p. Ah\p lwkw ]dp sImSp-p. An Hcp Ie-bm-Ipp. kqcy Hcp Ie-bm-Ip-p. N{ Hcp Ie-bm-Ip-p. hnZypv Hcp Ie-bm-Ip-p. kuaym, Cu \mep-I-e-ItfmSp IqSnb {_-ns ]mZw tPymXn-jvam Fp t]cp-Xm-Ip-p.

k b GX-tahw hnZzmw--Xp-jvIew ]mZw {_tWm f\-hm-\n-Xyp-]mkvtX f\ hm\-kvan temtI `hXy \-htXm ltem Im Pb-Xnb GX-tahw hnZzmw--Xp-jvIew ]mZw {_tWm f\-hm- \n-X yp-] m- kvtX.
C{]-Imcw Adnv \mep-I-e-I-tfmSp IqSnb Cu {_]m-Z-ns A\-Xzw F Kpa-tm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-Xmbn Bcv D]m-kn-p-p-thm Ah Cu temI-n km-\-hn-tZ-an-m--h\m-bn-o-cpw. C{]-Im-c-a-dn-p-sImv \mep-Ie- I-tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb Cu {_- ns ]mZw A\- - hm Fp Nnnv Bcp D]m-kn-p-pthm Ah b-an-m temI- {]m]n-pw.

k b Ghw hnZzmw--Xp-jvIew ]mZw {_tWm tPymXn-jvam-\ n-Xyp-]mkvtX tPymXn-jvam-\-kvan temtI `hXn tPymXnjvatXm l temIm PbXn b GX-tahw hnZzmw--Xp-jvIew ]mZw {_tWm tPymXn-jvam-\ n-Xyp-]mkvtX
Cns\ Adnv Cu \mep-I-e-I-tfmSp IqSnb {_ns ]mZw tPymXn-jvam Fp-hv Bcv D]m-kn-ppthm Ah Cu temI-n Zo]vXnbph-\m-bn-ocpw. CXv Adnv Cu \mep Ie-Isf tPymXn-jam Fpv hv Bcp-]m-kn-p-pthm Ah tPymXn-p temI {]m]n-pw.

228

I Fmw Jw
aZv Kpt ]mZw htXn; kl tizm`qtX Km A`n-{]-m-]bmw NIm-c, Xm b{Xm`n kmbw _`qhp kvX{Xmn ap]-k-am-[mb Km D]-cp[ym; kan-[-am-[mb, ]m-Ztx {]mp t]m]-hn-th-i .
ImcWw \n\v {_-ns Hcp ]mZs ]d-pXcpw Fp ]d-p-sImv lwkw hnc-an-p. Ah ]ntp ]ip--fp-ambn \S-p. B ]ip- ky-bm-btm FhnStbm AhnsS Xo Iqn ]ip-sf XSpv Hcpan-m-n. kan-Zm-[m\w sNbvXv An-bpsS ]Sn-m-dp-`mKv Ing-tm-p-ap-J-ambn Ccp-p.

H]Xmw Jw

{]mhlm ffNm-Ipew Xam-Nmtm f`yphm Z; kXy-Imam3 CXn `Kh CXnl {]Xn-ip-{imh


kXy-Im-a {_-hn-m\w t\Sn BNm-cy-Ip-es {]m]n-p. BNm-cy kXy-Im-ammm Fp hnfn-p. `K-hmt\ Fp kXy-Im-a hnfn-tI-p.

{_ hnZnh tkmay `mkn, tIm\p Xzm f\p iim-tk-Xn, At\y a\p-tjy`y CXn l {]Xn-Pt; `Khmw kvtXhta Imta {_pbm.
Atbm kuaym, \o {_-hn-n-s\-tmse tim`n-pp. \ns BcmWv A\p-im-kn--Xv. BNm-cy tNmZnp: a\p-jy-cn \nv A\y-cm-bn-p--h-cm-W.v kXy-Im-a {]Xn-sN-bvXp. `K-hm Xs F\nv C-bp-Xv Ctm ]d-p-X-c-Ww.

Xw aZv Kpcp ]\n-]-Xym-`yp-hmZ kXy Ima3 CXn `Kh CXn.


\otmgn (Im- c- Ww) ASp- hv kXy- Im- a- t\m-Smbn "kXy-Im-ammm' Fp hnfn-p. "`K-hmt\' Fv Ah hnfntI-p.

{_Wx tkmay, tX ]mZw {_hm WoXn, {_ho-Xpta `K-h-\n-Xn, Xkvssa tlmhmN: {]mWx Iem N{ipx Iem, t{im{Xw Iem a\x Iem, Gj ssh tkmay NXp-jvIex ]mtZm {_W Bb X\-hm \ma.
Atbm tkmay \n\p Rm {_- ns Hcp ]mZw ]d-p-X-c-ttbm Imc-Ww tNmZn-p. `K-hm F\np ]dp-X-mepw. kXy-Im-a Dcw ]d-p. Ah-t\mSp ImcWw ]d-p. {]mW Hcp Ie-bm-Ip-p. Npv Hcp Ie-bm-Ip-p. t{im{Xw Hcp Ie-bm-Ip-p. a\v Hcp Iebm-Ip-p. Atbm tkmaym, \mep Ie-J-tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb Cu {_-ns ]mZw Bb X\- hm Fp t]cp-- Xm- Ip-p.

{ipXw tlyhta `K-hZv Zrti`y B Nmm-ssh hnZym hnZnXm km[nw {]m]Xo Xn. Xkvssa-sslX tZthm hmNm{X l\ InwN\ hnbm tbXn, ]nbm-tb-Xn.
`K-hm-s\-tm-ep Bfp-Ifn \nv Rm tIn-pv; hnZy BNm-cy-\n\nv Xs Adn-b-s-mse km[p-X-aXzs {]m]n- -bp-p. kXy-Im- a\v tZh-X-I ]d-p-sImSp hnZy-sb-s BNm-cy ]dp sImSp-p. bmsXmpw hnp-t]m-bn-.

]mw Jw
D]-tIm-ktem lssh Ima-em-b\x kXy Imta Pm_mte {_-N-ap-hmk; Xky l ZzmZ-i-hjm-Wy-o ]cn-NNmc; k lkvam-\y-\t hmkn\x kam-hbw kvXnwl ssh\ kam-h-b-Xn.
Ia-es ]p{X-\mb D]-tIm-k-e P_m-ebpsS ]p{X\mb kXy-Im-as ASp- {_-N-cy-tmsS ]mp. ]{- p-hjw Ahs An-Isf ]cn-N-cn-p. Ah apin-jy-msc kzm[ymbw {Kln-p-Xn-cn--b-npw D]-tIm-kes\ kam-hn- n-n-.

k b GX-tahw hnZzmw--Xp-jvIew ]mZw {_W Bb X\-hm\n Xyp]mkvtX Bb X\-hm-\-kvan temtI `hXn; Bb X\-htXm ltem-Im- Pb-Xn, b GX tahw hZzmw Xp-jvIew ]mZw {_ W Bb X\ hm\n-Xyp-]m-kvtX.
Cns\ a\-n-emn \mep Ie-I-tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb Cu {_- ]mZw Bb X\- hm Fp- hv Bcv D]m- kn- p- pthm Ah Cu temI-n Bb-X-\-ap-h\m-bn-o-cp-p. - C{]-Im-c-a-dnv \mep-I-e-I-tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb Cu {_-ns ]mZs Bb-X-\-hm Fphv B D]m-kn-p-pthm Ah [mcmfw CS-ap temI-sf {]m]n-p-p.

Xw Ptbm hmNm: X]vtXm {_-Nmcn Ipi-ea-n ]cn-Nm-co amXzmf bx ]cn-t{]m-N; {]{_q-lykvam CXn Xkvssalm t{]m ssNyh {]hmkmw Nt{I.

229

B BNm-cy-t\mSv `mcy ]d-p. Cu {_-Nmcn hfsc tinv th-hn-[-n An-Isf ]cn-N-cn-p. Av An-Isf \nn--cp-Xv. Cu {_-Nm-cnv hnZy ]dp sImSp-q. Fv `mcy ]d-npw BNm-cy B injy\v Hpw ]d-p-sIm-Sp-msX Xom-S-\-n\p t]mbn.

Gj BZntXy ]pcptjm Zriy-tX, tkm flakvXn k Ghm l akvan; CXn

k l hym[n\m \inXpw Zt{[; Xam-Nm Pmtbm hmN: {_ Nmcn-m-im-\, Inw \p \miv\m-koXn ktlm-hmN _lp h Cta fkvan ]pcp-tj-Im-am-\m-\mXy bmx hym[n`nx {]Xn-]qtm-kvan, \m injyman CXn.
B {_-Nmcn at\mZpxJw \nanw A\-i\w A\pjvTn-p--Xn\v \n-bn-p. Ah-t\mSv BNm-cys `mcy ]dp: Atbm {_-N m-c o, `Ww Ign-q. \o FmWv `Ww Ign-m-Xv? AXn\v B {_- Nmcn ]dp. Cu ]pcp-j-\n C-I hf-sc-b-[nIw Dv. AXv ]e hgnp ISp-t]m-hp hym[n-I-fm-bn-on-cn-pp. hym[n-I-fm Rm {]Xn-]q-\m-bn-cn-p-p. Rm `Ww Ign--bn-.

]ns Cu D]-tIm-k-es\ Kml-]Xy An A\p-imkn-p. ]rYn-hn, An, Aw BZn-Xy Fnh Fs X\p--fm-Ip-p. BZn-Xy-\n GXp ]pcp-js\ BtWm ImWp-Xv B ]pcp-j Rm BIp-p. Rm Ah Xs-bm-Ip-p.

k b GX-tahw hnZzm-\p-]mkvtX f]l tX ]mh-IrXymw temIo `h-Xn, kh ambp-tc-Xn, tPymKv Poh-Xn, \mkym-hc ]pcp-jmx obt; D] hbw Xw `q RvPmtam fkvanw temtI apjvanw b GXta hw hnZzm-\p-]m-kvtX.
Cu Kml-]-Xym- nsb Bcp D]m-kn-p- pthm Ah ]m]-I-- \in-n-p- p. temI-ap- -h- \m-bn-o-cp- p. apgp-h Bbp-nt\ {]m]n-p- p. DPz-e-ambn Pohn-p-p. Chs ]nm-e-ap- -h bn- -b n- . Cu temInepw ]c-tem-I-nepw Ahs\ R ]men-p-p. C{]-Imcw Adn-p-sImv Cu Kml-]-Xym-nsb Bcp D]m-kn-p-pthm Ah\v Cu ^ew knn-pw.

AY ^m bx kap-Zntc: X]vtXm {_ Nmcn Ipiew \x ]-Nm-co-Xv, lmkvssa {]{_-hm-taXn, Xkvssa tlmNpx: {]mtWm {_Iw Jw{_ CXn.
An-I Hcp-anp tNp Ah-t\mSp ]dp: {_Nmcn X]vX-\m-bnv \sf th-hn-[-n ]cn-N-cn-p. Ctm Ah\v \mw thXp ]d-p-sIm-Sp--Ww. B {_- Nm-cnv An-I ]d-p-sIm-Sp-p. {]mW {_am-Ip-p. Iw{_--am-Ip-p. Jw {_-am-Ip-p.

]{mw Jw
AY ssl\-a-\zm-lmcy NNt\m f\pi-imk: Bt]m-Zntim \-{Xm-Wn, N{am CXn; b Gj N{-akn ]pcptjm ZriytX tkm la-kvan, k Ghm la-kvaoXn
A\-cw Chs\ Zn- Wmn A\p-im-kn-p. Ap-I, Znp-I, \-{X-, N{ Fn-s\ F\np \mep ico-c- Dv. N{- a- n GXp ]pcp- j- s\- bmtWm ImWpXv Ah Rm\m-Ip-p. Rm Ah Xs- bm-Ip-p.

k tlm hmN: hnPm-\m-aylw bXv {]mtWm {_, Iw, NXpJw N\ hn Pm\m-ao-Xn, tXtlmNpx: bZzm-h-Iw, XtZh Jw btZ-h-Iw, XtZ-h-I-an-Xn, {]mWw N lmkvssa XZm-Imiw tNmNpx
D]-tIm-k-e ]dp {]mW {_-am-Ipp FXv GXmtWm AXp Rm Adn-bp-p. Fm I tbpw J tbpw Rm Adn-bp-n-. An-I ]dp Iw Fp ]d-Xv GtXm AXv Xs Jw Fp ]d-bp-p. Jw GXmtWm AXp-Xs Iw Fp ]d-bp-p. Chv {]mW-t\-bpw, {]mWs lrZ-bm-Im-i-tbpw ]dp sImSp-p.

k b Gh-taXw hnZzm-\p-]kvtX f]ltX ]m]-Ir-Xymw, temIo-`-h-Xn, kh-am-bp-tc-Xn, tPymKvPo-hXn; \mkym-h-c-]p-cpjmx o bt; D]-hbw Xw `qPmtam/kvanw temtI/ apjvanw b GX-tahw hnZzm \phmkvtX
(C-Xns hymJym\w ]Xn-s\mmw J-ns Ahkm-\-n- ep--Xp-X-s- bm-W.v )

]Xn- s \mmw Jw
AY ssl\w Kml-]tXym f\piim k: ]rYnhy n c amZnXy CXn; b

]Xn-aqmw Jw
AY ssl\ aml-h-\o-tbm-f\p-i-imk: {]mW BImtim Zyuhn-Zyp-ZnXn; b

230

Gj hnZypXn ]pcptjm ZriytX tkm flakvan; k Ghml akvaoXn


A\-cw Al-h -\ o-b Ahs\ A\p-im-k np: {]mW, BIm-iw, tZymhv, hnZypv Fn-s\ \mep X\p F\npv. hnZyp-n GXp ]pcp-j ImW-sSptm B ]pcp-j Rm\m-Ip-p.

CZ-anXn l {]Xn-Pt temIm hmh-Ine tkmaytX fthmN; Alw Xp tXX-Zzm-yman bYm ]pjvIc]emi Bt]m-\-n-jy Gh tahw hnZn ]m]w I-\-n-jytX CXn {_ho-Xpta `Kh \nXn Xkvssa tlmhm-N.

k b GX-tahw hnZzm\p ]mkvtX f]ltX ]m]-IrXymw temIo-`-hXn kh-am-bp-tc-Xn, tPymKv PohXn; \mkym-h-c-]p-cpjmx ob t, D]-hbw `qRvPmtam fkva nw temtI/ apjvanw b GX-tahw hnZzm \p]kvtX
(C-Xns hymJym-\hpw ]Xn-s\mmw J-ns Ah-km- \-n-ep--Xm-W.v )

injy Cs\ Fp ]dp: Atbm kuaym, Ah temI-sf am{X-amWv ]d- p- X-Xv Fm Rm \n\v {_-s- n ]d-p-X-cmw. GXp-{]-Imcw Xma-c-bne-bn Pew ]p-n--tbm, A{]-Imcw {_s Rm ]d-bm t]mIp--Xp-t]mse Adn-bp--h-\n ]m]-Iw ]p-I-bn-. BNm-cy ]dp: `K-h F\np ]dp Xmepw injy ]d-p. Ah\v BNm-cy ]dp sImSp-p.

]Xn-\mw Jw
b Gtjm fnWn ]pcptjm Zriy-X, Gj Bt-Xntlm hmssN-X-Z-ar-X-`-b-taX Z {_tXn; XZy-Zy-]y-kvan kntm-ZIw hm knXn h\o Gh K-Xn.
Io In GXp ]pcp-j-\mtWm ImW-s-Sp-Xv B ]pcp-j Bm-hm-Ipp Fp ]d-p-sIm-Sp-p. Rm ]d Cu B-XXzw \in-m-Xpw `b-an-m-Xp-am-Ip-p. CXv {_-am-Ip-p. ]pcpjs m\-amb Cu An-bn kn-t\-tbm, DZ-I-ttbm tkN\w sNq. Ch Ca-I-sf-s Kan-p-p. ]pcp-js \nc-RvP-\Xzw hn-p-p.

]Xn- memw Jw
tX tlm Npcp] tImk-sse-jm-skuaytX kvaZzn-Zymff--hn-ZymNm ffNm kvXptX KXnwh tXn BP-Km-alm ffNmcy-kvXam-Nmtm fZyphm-tZm-]tIm ke3 CXn.
B An-I ]dp: Atbm kuay-\mb D]-tImke CXm \n\v R-fpsS hnZybpw A-hn-Zybpw ]dp-X-n-cn-p-p. BNmcy-\m-Is \n\p KXnsb ]dp-X-cpw. Chs BNm-cy hp. Ahs\ BNm-cy D]-tIm-kew Fp hnfn-p.

`Kh CXn-l. {]Xn-iq-{imh {_-hnZ Ch-tkym-ay, tX apJw-`mXn; tIm\p-Xzmf\p iimk CXn. tIm\p-am-a-\p-in-jymZvt`m CXn-lm-t]h \np-tX. Cta \q\-an-Zrim A\ym-Zrim CXn-lm-o-\-`yptZ Inw\p tkmay InetX fthmN Xn.

GXw kw bZzma CXym N-tX, GXw ln khmWn hmam-\y-`n-kw-bn; khmtWy \w hmam-\y`n kwb-nb Ghw thZ
Cu ]pcp-js\ kwb-Zzm-a Fp ]d-bp-p. Fsm tim`-\-am-bn-p--h-sbmw Cu ]pcp-js\ A`n-kwK-an-p-p. Cs\ Bcv Adn-bp-pthm Ahs\ tim`-\-fm-bn-p--h-sbmw A`n-kw-K-an- p-p.

`K-hmt\ Fv D]-tIm-ke hnfn-tI-p. Atbm kuay \ns apJw {_-ns F-t]mse hnf-p-p. \ns Bcp A\p-im-kn-p. BNm-cy tNmZn-p. Atbm Cu ]pcp-j Xt hma-\o-bam-Ip-p. Fs-m O`- K-hms\ Bcm-Wv Fs A\p-iw- kn- p- Xv Fv BIp- Ch Fm hma-- tfbpw \bn- p- p. C{]- Imcw Bcp Adn-Xp-t]mse D]-tIm-k-e ]d-p. apt thsd hn[-n- bp-pthm Ah hma--fm-bn-p--sXmw \bn-p-p. en-cp--hcpw Ctm Cu hn[-n-en-cn-p--hcp-amb Cu Gj D Gh `man\o tcj ln kthjp An-I Xs Fs D]-tZ-in-p. Ah An-Isf temtIjp `mXn. kthjp temtIjp `mXn Nqn--d-p. Atbm kuaym, \n\v FmWv Ah b Ghw thZ ]d-p-X-Xv? BNm-cy tNmZn-p.

Gj D Gh hma-\o-tcj khmWn hmam\n \bXn; khmWn hmam\n \bXn b Ghw thZ

231

Ch Xs `man- \n- bm- Ip- p.Fs- m Ch Fm temIfnepw tim`n-p-p. C{]-Imcw Bcp Adn-bp-pthm, Ah Fm temI--fnepw hnf-p-p.

\yXcmw; kb t{Xm ]mIrtX {]mX-c\p hmtI ]pcm-]-cn-[m-\o-bmb {_m hyh-h-Z-Xn, A\y-X -cm-tah h\nw kwkvI-tcmXn lobtX f\yXcm

AY bZp ssNhm-kvan ihyw Ipn, bZn-N\m, j tahmZn kw`-h-n, A ntjm flm, c B ]q-am-W-] am]q amW-]-m-Zym jkp-c-tXn amwkmw kvXm, amtk`yx kwh--cw, kwh-cm ZmZn-Xy, amZn-Xym-{-a-kw, N{-atkm hnZyp-Xw, XXv ]pcptjmf am\hx k G\m {_-K-a-bXn; Gj tZh ]tYm {_l ]Yx, GtX\ {]Xn ]Zy-am\m Caw am\-h-am-hw \mff h-t-\ff ht
Chs hnj-bn ii-hIw sNp-s-nepw sNp-n-s-nepw An-c-`n-am-\n-bmb tZh-sX-tb-s {]m]n-p-p. A-n \nv Al-c-`n-am-\n-bmb tZh-Xtb-bpw Al-n\nv ip-]- tZ-h-X-tbbpw ip-]-tZ-h-X-bn \nv D-cm-bW tZh-X-tbbpw B amk-fn \nv kwh--c-tZ-h-X-tbbpw kwh--c-n \nv BZn-Xy-t\bpw BZn-Xy-\n\nv N{-a-n-t\bpw N{-an \nv hnZyp-n-t\bpw {]m]n-p-p. AhnsS a\p-jy\- m ]pcp-j hcp- p. Ah Chsc {_s {]m]nn-p-p. CXv tZh ]Yhpw {_-]-Yhpw BIp- p. CXnIqSn t]mIp--h Cu a\p-hns krn-cq-]amb Bhs Bhn-p-n- . Bh-sa-p-]-d-bpXv P\-\-a-c-W--fpsS XpS-bm-Ip N{I-nsp Id-p--Xn-s\-bm-W.v

B cp h- \n-I-fn Hns\ {_-sap ]d-bp EXznv a\- p- sImv kwkvI- cn- p- p. asm- ns\ tlmXmhpw, A[z-hpw, DZvKm-Xmhpw hmp-sImv kwkvI-cnp-p. Fhn-sS, ikv{Xw Bcw- `n-n-cn-p-tm ]cn- [m-\ob Fp ]d-bp En-\,v apv B {_mhv au\s Dt]n-p-p-thm, AhnsS Hns\ am{Xsa kwkvIcn-p-Ibp-p. asmv \-s-Sp-p.

k b ssY Iw]m-Zv{h-P, ctYmssh tI\ Nt{IW h-amt\m cnjytXy ha kybtm cnjyXn; bw cnjyw bP-amt\m/\pcn-jyXn; k Czm ]m]o-bm `hXn
GXp {]Im-c-amtWm Hcp ]mZ-tmSp IqSn-b-h hgnt]m-Ip-tm \in-p-Xv A-n H-{Iw sImv hn-p cYw k-cn-p-tm \in-p-Xv A{]Imcw Cu bP-am\s B bw \in-p-p. \in-p bs bP-am-\ A\p-\in-p-p. B bP-am-\ bmKw sNbvXv IqSp-X ]m]-ap--h\m-bn-o-cp-p. -

AY bt{Xm-]m-IrtX {]mX-c\p-hmtI \ ]pcm ]cn-[m-\o-bmbm {_m-hy-h-hZ XyptZ Gh h\o kwkvI-ho \lo btX f\yXcm
FhnsS {]mX-c-\p-hmIw Bcw-`n--Xns tijw, ]cn-[m\o-b-Xp ap]v {_mhv au\s Dt]-n-p-n-tbm AhnsS cp h-\n-I-tfbpw kwkvI-cn-p-p. cn Hpw \jvS-s-Sp-n-.

]Xn-\ mdmw Jw
Gj l ssh btm tbm fbw ]h-tX, Gj lb-nZw khw ]p\m-Xn, btZ j bn-Zw, khw ]p\m-Xn, XkvamtZ j Gh-b-, kvXky a\ hmIv N h-\o.
GsXmcp hmbp-hmtWm ipo-Icn-p-Xv A-s\bp hmbp b-am-sWp {]kn--am-Ip-p. Cu hmbp Kan-p-sImv Cu PK-n- s\-sbmw ip-am-p-p. Cu hmbp k-cn-p-sImv Cu PK-ns\ Fmw ip-ampp Fp-tXtXm AXp-sIm-p-Xs Cu hmbp b-am-Ip-p. B b-ns am- a\pw hmp-am-Ip- p.

k btYm-`b ]mZv{h-P, ctYm-t]mZm `ymw N{Im`ymw h-am\x {]Xn-XnjvT tXy ha-ky-bx {]Xn-Xn-Xn; bw {]Xn-Xn-w bP-amt\m f\p{]-XnXn jvTXn; k Czm-t{i-bm `hXn
F{]-Imcw cp Imep-I-tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb ]pcp-j hgn-t]mIp-tm \in-m-Xn-cn-ptm As-n cp N{I-sf-sImv hn-p cYw \in-m-Xn-cn-ptm A{]Imcw Cub-P-am- \s B bw \in-m-Xn-cn-p-p. {]XnnXn sNp bs bP-am-\ A\p-{h-Xn-nXn sNpp B bP-am-\ bmKw sNbvXv t{ijvT-\m-bn-ocp-p.

Xtbm-cky Xcmw a\km kwkvI-tcmXn {_m hmNm-tlmX f[-cp-Zv KmXmf

232

I ]Xn-t\gmw Jw
{]Pm-]-Xntm-Im-\-` y-X-] Xv; tXjmw X]y-am-\m\mw ckm {]mhr-lXv; A nw ]rYn-hy, hmbp-a--co-m, ZmZnXy Znhx

I-fpsS HmP-p-sIm-pw, bPq-p-I-fpsS b-ns X-cq-]-amb hntZw Iqn-tp icn-bm-p-p.

{]Pm- ]Xn temI-sf A`n-X- ]n- n- p. X]n-- s- Sp B temI- -fpsS ck-sf FSpp ]rYn-hn-bn \nv Antbbpw A-co--n \nv hmbp-hn-t\-bpw, tZymhn kma- \nanw bw Xw {]m]n-p-Ibm-sW\nv BZn-Xy-t\bpw n kzxkzmlm Fv Bl-h-\o- b- \n tlman--Ww. AXv kma--epsS Xs ckw-sIm-pw, kma--fpsS hocywk GXm-kvXnt{km tZhXm A`y-X]Xv; sImpw kma-sf kw_- n b-ns X-cq-]Xm kmw X]y-am-\m\mw ckm {]m amb hntZw km\w sNp-p.

AY bZn kmatXm cnjyXv kzx kzmtl Xym lh-\otb Pqlp-bmXv; kmav\m ta hX-{Z-tk-\, kmav\mw hotW kmav\mw bky hncnw k-[m-Xn.

hrlXv; Bt XrtNm-hm-tbm-Pqw-jn, kmam-\ ym-Zn-X ym-X v.

{]Pm-]Xn Cu aqp tZh-X-Isf A`n-X-]n-n-p. X]n-s-Sp Ah-cpsS kmc-sf D-cn-p. An-bn \nv Ep-Isfbpw hmbp-hn\nv bPq-p-I-sfbpw BZn-Xy\n \nv kma--sfbpw

k GXmw {Xbnw hnZym-a-`y-X]-Xv, Xkym kvX]y-am-\mbm ckm- {]mhr-lXv, {`cnXy `rKvt`ym, `qh-cn-Xnb Pq`yx kzcnXn kzcnXn kma`yx
{]Pm-]Xn Cu {Xbo-hn-Zysb A`n-X- ]n-n-p. X]n--sSp AXns ck-sf D-cn-p. Ep-I-fn \nv `qx Fpw bPq-p-I-fn \nv `qh Fpw kma--fn \nv kzx Fp {Kln-p. AXn-\m Ch temI--fp-tSbpw tZhm-c p-tS-b pw, thZ- -fp-tSbpw cmk- -fmb alm-hymlrXnIfm- Ip- p.

XZyYm eh-tW\ kphw k-[ym-Xv, kpht\ cP-Xw, cP-tX\ {X]p{X ]p-Wm-ko-kw, kotk\ temlw, temtl \ Zmcp, Zmcp N-Ww, Gh-tajmw temIm \mamkmw tZhXm \ma-kymkv{X m hnZymbm hotW bky hncn w k-[mXn, t`j-P-IrtXm l hm Gj btm bss{Xhw hnZv {_ m `h-Xn.
AXv Fns\ Fm s]mImcw apX-em-bmcw sImv kz-t-bpw, kph-sImv shn-tb-bpw, cPXw sImv XI-c-t-bpw, XI-cw-sImv Cub-t-bpw, Cubw-sImv teml-t- bpw, temlw sImv XSn-tbbpw XpIsImv XSn- tbbpw km\w sNp--sX- n-t\tbm A{]-Imcw Cu teml--fp-tSbpw Cu tZh-X-I-fp-tSbpw Cu {Xbo-hn-Zy-bp-tSbpw how-sImv b-ns Xw km\w sNp-p. GXp b-n {_mhv C{]- Im-c-a- dn-bp--h Bbn-cn-p-pthm Cu bw t`jP-m kwkvI-cn-- s--Xm-bn-Xo-cp-p.

XZy Zrtm cntjy-Zv, `qx kzmtlXn Kml-]tXy Pqlp-bmXv; ENm-tah X{Z-tk\ mw hotW mw bky hncnw kwZ-[mXn
B b- n Ep-I \nanw b- n\p tISp hcn-I-bm- sW-n `qx kzmlm Fv Kmly- ]- Xy-\n tlman-Ww. AXv Ep-I-fpsS Xs ckw-sIm-pw, Ep-IfpsS hocyw-sImpw Ep-IfpsS b-ns X-cq]-amb hntZw Iqn-tNp-p.

AY bZn bPq-tm-cn-tjyZv `qhx kzm tlXn Zn-Wmu Pqlp-bmXv; bPqjm ta h X{Z-tk-\, bPqjmw hotW bPqjmw bky hncnw k-[m-Xn.
bPqp- I \nanw bw Xw {]m]n-p- I- bm-sWn `qhxkzmlm Fp a{- m Zn-W-B-n- bn tlman--Ww. AXv bPq-p-IfpsS ckw-sIm-pw, bPq-p-

Gj l hm DZIv {]htWm btm bss{Xhw hnZv {_m `hXn; Ghw hnZw lhm Gjm {_lv-amW a\p-KmYm btXm bX BhtX XXv XZv KXn; am\thm {_ss-sshI EXznIv Ipcp-Xizm f`nc-Xn G hw hnssh {_m bw bP am\w kmw-ntPm f`nc-Xn Xkvam-tZhw hnZ-tah {_mWw Ipho-X, \mt\hw hnZw.
GXp b-n {_mhv C{]-Im-c-a-dn-bp--h-\m-bncn-ptm B bw hS-tmp Ncn--Xm-Ip-p. C{]Im-c-a-dn-bp {_m-hn-s\-p-dnv Cu A\p-Km-Y-{]-kn--am-

233

I Ipp: FhnsS AhnsS sNp m\-hm-\mb {_mhm-Ip Htc EXznIv s]Ip-Xnc F-t]mse Imsf A`n-c - n-p- p. CX- dn-b p {_mhv btbpw bP-am-\-t\bpw Fm EXzn-p-I-tfbpw A`n-c-npp. AXn-\m Cs\ Adn-bp--hs\ {_m-hm-Ww. C{]-Imcw Adn-bm--hs\ {_m-hm--cp-Xv.

k-ns\ bmsXm- cp- Adn- bp- pthm Ah\v tZh kw_- n-I-fpw, a\p-jy-kw-_-n-I-fp-amb Ima- k--fm- Ipw. k- sp ]d-bp-Xv t{im{Xw Xs-bm- W.v

tbm l hm Bb-X\w thZm ffbX\w l kzm \mw `hXn; at\m lhm Bb-X-\w.
Bb-X-\s Bcp Adn-bp-pthm Ah mXn Iv B{i-b- am-bn-Xo- cp-p. Bb-X-\-sa- Xv a\-m-Ip- p.

Am- a-ymbw
Hmw Jw
kKpW {_-hn-Zy-bpsS D-c-KXn CXp-hsc ]d-p. ]m-n-hn-mb Krl--\pw, ap-hn-Zy-Isf ioen-p {im-ep--fmb Duz-tc-X-p-Ipw, AtX KXn-sbs A\p-h-Zn-p. tIhe [n-Iv Zn-W-Zn-ns\ kw_-n--Xpw, [qam-Zn-e--W-hpw, ]p\-cm-hn-cp-]hpamb thsd KXn-bpw, aqm-a- Xm-bn, sshcmKyw hcp--Xn-mbn, hnZym-I- c-ln-X- mv, AXn-s\-m IjvS-X- c-amb kwkm- c- KXn ]d-bm-\mbn Bcw-`n-p- p. {]mWx t{imjvtTm hmKm- Zn`yx {]mtWm hmh kw hx XpSn ]e-bn-S--fnepw Ign Aym- b- - fn {]mW-s\-n ]d- n-p- v. Fmw Hcp- t]mse Hcp- anp tNp {]hn- p- sIm- n- cn- p- tm, B {]mW hmp apX-em-b-hbpsS Iq-n t{ijvT-\mIp-- sX- ns\ Fpw B {]mWs\ D]m-kn- t- Xv Fns\-bm-Wpw ImWn-p--Xn- \,v B {]mWs t{ijvT-XzmZn KpW-sf hn[n--W-sav ImWn-p-.p

AY l {]mW Alw t{ibkn hyqZntcf lw t{ibm\ kvaylw t{ibm-\-kvaoXn


]ns {]mW- Rm t{ijvT-\m-I p-p. Rm t{ijvT- \m-Ipp Alw t{ib-ns\ kw_-np hgp Iqn.

tXl {]mWmx {]Pm-]Xnw ]nXc tatXymNpx: `K-h tIm \x t{i jvTx CXn Xm tlmhmN: bkvan h D{Imt icocw ]m]n-jvT-Xc anh-Zr-tiyX k hx t{ijvTx CXn
B {]mW- ]nXm-hmb {]Pm-]-Xn-bpsS ASp- sNv tNmZn-p. `K-hm-t\, R-fn t{ijvT BcmWv? Ah- tcmSv {]Pm-]Xn ]d- p. \n- fpsS Iq- n Bcv icocw hnp-t]m-hp-tm icocw Ghpw ]m]n-jT- sa--t]mse v ImW-s-Sp-tam, Ah \n-fn t{ijvT- \m-Ip-p.

Hm, tbm l ssh tPyjvTw Nt{ijvTw N thZ, tPyjvT l ssh t{ijvT `hXn; {]mtWm-hmh tPyjvT t{ijvT.
tPyjvT-t\-bpw, t{ijvT-t\bpw Bcv Adn-bp-p-thm, Ah tPyjvT-\m-bpw, t{ijvT-\mbpw `hn-p-p. tPyjvT\pw, t{ijvT\pw {]mW Xs-bm-Wv.

tbm l ssh hknw thZ, hkn jvtTm lkzm \mw `hXn hmKzmhhknjvTx
hkn-jvTs\, [\w D-h-s\, Bcv Adn-bp-pthm Ah mXn-Iv hkn-n-p--h-\mbn `hn-p-p. hkn-jvT Fp ]d-bp-Xv hmp-X-s- bm-hp-p.

kml hmKp--{Ima; km kwh-cw t{]mjy ]ttXym hmN: IY aiI Xt ao-hnXp anXn. bYm Iem Ah-Zx {]mWx {]mtW-\, ]iy -p-jm-ir-Wzx t{imt{X-W, [ymbtm a\-sskh anXn. {]hnth i l hmIv
B hmIv icocw hnp-t]m-bn, B hmv Hcp kwh--cmew {]kn-nv Xncn-p-hv ap {]mW--tfmSpw tNmZnp: Fs IqSmsX Pohn- p--X n\v GXp {]Im-c - n \nv Ign-p. aqI-m-sc-tmse Hpw ]d-bmsX {]mW-s\-smp {]mWn-pw, Np-p-sImv Ipw, t{im{Xw sImp-tI-pw, a\-p-sImv [ym\n-pw, Cs\ R Pohn-p. B {]mW- Dcw ]d-p. hmv kz hym]m-c-n {]th-in-p.

tbm l ssh {]XnjvTmw thZ, {]Xn l XnjvT Xy kvanw temtI fapjvanw NphmI {]XnjvTm
{]Xn-jvTtb Bcp Adn-bp-p-thm, Ah Cu temInepw ]c-tem-I-nepw {]Xn-jvTn-X-\m-Ip-p. {]XnjvT Fp ]d-bp-Xv Np-p-X-s.

tbm l ssh kZw thZ kwlm kvssa Imamx ]Zyt ssZhm am\p-jm; t{im{Xw hmh k-Zv.

Nptlm--{Ima; XXv kwh-cw t{]mjy ]t-tXym-hmN: IY-a-iI Xt ao-hnXp anXn. bYm fm A]iyx {]mWx {]mtW-\, hZ tm hmNm irWzx t{imt{X-W,

234

[ymbtm a\ sskhanXn {]hn-thi lNpx


Npv D{Ianp AXv Hcp kwh--c-tv Xs hym]mcw hnv \nnv aS-n-hp tNmZnp: GXp-hn[w F IqSmsX Pohn-p--Xn\v \np Ignp? Am-sc- tmse ImWmsX {]mW- s\- sImp {]mWnpw hmpsImp hZnpw t{im{Xw-sImp {ihn-pw, a\-p-sImp [ym\npw R Pohn-p. ap {]mW- Dcw ]d-p. Npv kzhym-]m-c-n {]hn- p.

A\-cw B {]mW D{I-an-p-hm-\n-nv GXp-{]Im-c-amtWm \ IpXnc Xs Imep-I sIn-bn-p IpnI-s f, Cf-n-n-gp-Xp-Xv A{]-Imcw ap {]mW-se ]ngpXp. B apJy- {]m- Ws ASp- sNv ap-{]m-W- ]dp: Atbm `K-hms\ R-fpsS kzman-bm-bn-cn-q. Av R-fn t{ijvT- \m-Ip-p. Cu ico-c-n \nv hnp-t]m-I-cp-Xv.

t{im{Xw tlm-{Ima XXv kwh-cw t{]mjy ]t-tXym-hmN: IYa iI Xt-a-o-hn-Xp-a-Xn. bYm _[ncm Air-Wzx {]mWx {]mtW-\, hZtm hmNm, ]iy p-jm, [ymbtm a\-ssk-h-anXn {]hnth i l t{im{Xw.
t{im{Xw DXv{I-an-p. AXv Hcp kwh--c-m-e-tp Xs hym]m-c-n \np ]namdn \nnv aS-n-h-p. ap {]mW--tfmSp tNmZnp: Fs IqSmsX Pohn-p-Xn\v Fns\ \np Ignp? _[n-c-m-sc-tmse tIm- sX, {]mW-s\- smp {]mWn- pw, hmp-sImp hZn-pw, Np-p-sImp Zinpw a\-p-sImp [ym \npw R Pohn-p. ap {]mW- ]dp: t{im{Xw kzhym-]m-c-n {]hn-p.

AY ssl\w hmKp-hmN: bZlw hknjvtTm fkvan Xzw XZz-knjvtTmf koXn AY-ssl\w Np-cp-hmNx bZlw {]XnjvTm fkvan, Xzw XXv {]Xn jvTmko-X n. AY ssl\w t{im{X-ap-hmN: bZlw kw]-Z-kvanXzw XXv kw] ZkoXn AY ssl\w a\ DhmNx bZ-l-amb X\-a-kvXn, Xzw XZmb X\- a-k o-Xn.
hmv Cu apJy-{]m-Wt\mSv ]dp: Rm hkn-jTv \m-Ipp FXv GtXm B hkn-jT \obm-Ip-p. A\v cw Npv apJy-{]m-W-t\mSv ]dp: Rm {]Xn-jTv bm- IptXtXm B {]XnjvT \obm- Ip- p. A\-cw t{im{Xw Cu apJy-{]m- W-t\mSv ]dp: Rm GXp k-m-Ip-pthm, B kv \o BIp-p. a\v apJy-{]m-W-t\mSp ]dp: Rm GXm-b-X-\-am-Ip-p-thm, B Bb-X\w \obm-Ip-p.

at\m tlm-{Ima; XXv kwh-cw t{]mjy-]ttXym hmN:IY a iI Xt ao-hnXp anXn, bYm _me A a\kx {]mWx {]mtW-\, hZ tm hmNm, ]iy---p-jm, irWz x t{imt{X-ssW-h-anXn {]hn-thi la\x
a\v D{I-an-p. AXv Hcp kwh--c-m-e-tv {]h-kn-nv aS-n-hp tNmZn-p. Fs-q-SmsX Pohn-p- Xn\v F{]- Imcw \np Ignp? _me- m- sc- tmse a\-n\p Xt-S-an-m-sX, {]mW-s\-smp {]mWnpw hmp-sImp hZnpw Np-p-sImv Zinpw t{im{Xw sImv {ihnpw Cs\ R Pohn-p. ap {]mW ]dp: a\v kzhym-]m-c-n {]hn-p.

\ ssh hmtNm, \N-qw-jn, \t{im {XmWn, \ a\mw koXym NtX; {]m Wm CtXyhm NtX; {]mtWm tlyssh-Xm\n khmWn `h-n.
hmp-I Fp ]d-bp-n; Np-p-I Fp ]dbp-n; t{im{X- Fp ]d-bp-n; a\-p-I Fp ]d- bp- n; {]mW- Fp Xs ]d- bp-p. Fs- m Cu hmKm-Zn-I-sfmw {]mW Xs- bm-Ip-p.

cmw Jw
ktlm-hmN Inwta fw `hn-jy-Xo-Xn-bXv Inn-Zn-Zam iz`y B iIp-\n`y CXntlm Npx, XZzm GX-Z\ kym, at\m-lssh \ma {]Xyw \ l hm Ghw hnZn In-\m-\w `h-XoXn
apJy-{]m- W tNmZnp: F\nv Aw Fm- bn- cnpw? izm apX iIp-\n-I hsc Cu temI-p--sX-mw.

AY l {]mW Dn-{I-an-j, k bYm kplbx ]Uzoi iq kwJntZ tZh-an-X-cm {]mWm ka-Jn-ZXv Xw lm`n-k-tatXym Npx: `K-h-t[n Xzw \x t{ijvtTm fkn tam {Ian-cn-Xn.

235

I hmKm-Zn-I Dcw ]d-p. A-s\-bp CsXmw


{]mWs A-am-Ip-p. A\ Fp-Xv {]Xy--amb \ma-am-Ip-p. C{]-Imcw Adn- bp- -h- \n bmsXmpw Aa-m--Xmbn `hn--bn-.

ah \tbXv; Bb-X-\mb kztl-Xym hmPyky lpXzm at km-X-a-h-\-tb-Xv.

ktlm-hmN:- Inw ta hmtkm `hnjy XoXn; B] CXn tlmNpx XkvamZzm GX-Z-in-jyx ]pc-kvXmtm ]cnjvTm mnx ]cn-Z-[-Xn-e-av`qtIm l hmtkm `h-Xy-\tm `h-Xn.
{]mW ]ntbpw tNmZnp: F\nv hkv{Xw Fmbn-cnpw? Ap-I hmKmZnI ]d-p. Ain-p-hm t]mIp--h t`mP-\-n\p ap]n-epw, t`mP\w Ignpw Ap-I-sfsImv apJy-{]m-Ws\ DSp-n-p-p. Cs\ sNp-Xv Ap-I {]mWs hkv{X- am-b-Xp-sIm-m-W.v a\-ns\ e`n-p--h-\m-bn `hn-pw. D-co-b-ap--h-\mbn- o-cpw.

hknjvTmb kzmlw Fv An- bn BPys tlmannv kav]m-Xs a-n hogv-Ww. {]Xn-jTmssb v kzmlm Fv An-bn BPys tlman-nv kav]mZs a- n hogv- Ww. kmtZ kzmlm Fv Anbn BPys tlman- nv km-Zs a- n hogvWw. Bb-X-\mb kzmlm Fv An-bn BPys tlman-nv km-Zs a-n hogv-Ww.

AY {]Xn-kr-]ym-RvPeu a-am-Zmb P]Xn:- Atam-\m-amkn; Aamln tX kh-anZw; kln tPyjvTx t{i jvtTm cmP / [n]Xnx, kam-ssPy-jvTyw ss{ijvTyw cmPy-am-[n-]Xyw Ka-bXp; A ltath XXv kh-a-km-\n.
A\-cw Aev]w AIse amdn sXmgp-s sI-b n as FSpp Xmtg-]dbp a{w P]n-Ww: \o - Aa Fp t]cp-h\m-Ip-p. Fs-m Cu PK- smw \ns IqsS-bm-Ip-p. {]mW-`5#q-X-amb aw tPyjvT\pw t{ijvT-\pw, Zo]vXn-am-\pw, A[n-jTnXn sNbvXp v ]men-p--h\pw BIp-p. B aw Fs tPjvT-Xztbpw t{ijvT-X- tbbpw cmPy-tbpw B[n-]-Xy- tbpw {]m]n-pw. Rm Xs Cu PK-s- m-ambn Xocpw.

Xss-XXv kXy-Imtam Pm_mtem tKm{ip-Xtb sshbm {] ]Zymtbm tzmhmN: bZyt]y XNv NvXp-jvImb mWth {_pbm-m-tb-ct hmkvan RvimJmx, {]mtcm-tlbpx ]emim\oXn.
C-s\-bp Cu {]mW-Zi-\s Pm_m-ebpsS ]p{X-\mb kXy-Im-a hym{L-]-ns ]p{X-\mb tKm{ipXnv ]dp sImSp- nv ]d- p. CXns\ ipjvI-amb Ipnp-t]mepw ]d-p-sIm-Sp-p-Ibm-sW-n, Cu mWphn imJ-I Dm-hpw. Ce-I apf-p-Ibpw sNpw.

AY Jtez Xbm ] BNm aXn XXv khn-XphrWn al CXym Nm aXn; hbw tZhky t`mP-\-anXym NmaXn; t{ijvTw kh-[m-Xa-anXym NmaXn; Xpcw `Kky [oa-loXn khw ]n_Xn, \nWnPy Iwkw Nakw hm ]m-Ztx kwhn-iXn NWn h-nte hm hm Nw bax A{] kmlx kb-Zn-{knbw ]tiyXv kar w ItXn hnZym-Xv.
A\- cw Xmtg ]d- bp Ep-sImv Htcm ]mZw hoXambn BN-an--Ww. XXv khn-Xphr-Wo-atl Fv BNan-Ww hbw tZhky t`mP\w Fv BN-an--Ww. t{ijvTw kh-[m-Xaw Fv BN-an-Ww Xpcw-`-Kky [oaln Fv apgp-h\pw ]m\w sN-Ww.

AY bZn aln Kan-tj, Zam-hmkym bmw ZonXzm ]uamkymw cm {Xu khu j[ky aw Z[n-a-[pt\m cp]-a-Yy, tPyjvTmb t{ijvTmb kzm tlXy mhm-Pyky lpXzm at kw]m-X -a-h-\ -tb-Xv.
A\-cw al-Xzs Kan-p-hm Cn-p-I-bm-sWn Idp--hm-hp-m Zon-nv shfp--hm-hp-m cm{Xn-bn Fm Huj-[n-tbpw ]ns ssXcpw tX\pw Iqn-b-Xn Ie-n-bnv An-bn tPyjvTmb t{ijvTmb kzmlw Fv BPys tlman- nv kw]m- Zs an hogv-Ww.

hkn-mb kzmtl-Xym hmPyky lpXzm at kw]mX ah-\-tbXv; {]Xn-jvTmssb kzmtl-Xym hmPyky lpXz at kav]m-X-a-h-\-tb-Xv, ktZ kzmtlXy m hmPyky lpXzm at kmX

BN-a-\-n-\p Ens kzcq]w: Xhn Xphr-Wo-atl hbw tZhky t`mP\w t{ijvTw kh[m Xaw Xpcw `Kky [oalo Fm-Wv.

236

R khn-Xm-hmb tZhs Fm A- - tfmfpw t{ijvThpw Fm PK-n-t\bpw Ghpw [mcWw sNpp-Xw, Fm P\-n-t\bpw AXn-i-tb\ hn[m\w sNp-Xp- amb B t`mP- \s hcn- p-p. khn- Xm-hmb tZhs kzcq-]s thK-n R [ym\n-p-I-bm-W.v Iwkttbm Na-k-ttbm Igp-In-bnp An-bpsS ]Sn-mdp-hiw XpI-entem shdpw Xd-bntem hmNw ba-\m-bnp Dd-Ww. Ah A\n--kz-]\-Zi\w sImpw Cf-ImsX v a\-p-d-np kv{Xotb ImWp-I-bm-W-n (kz-]\-n) v Iw kar--am-Wv Adn-p-sIm--Ww.

th bYm fkutemtIm \ kw]qX CXn; \ `Kh CXn. th bYm ] aym-am-lq-Xm-hm]x ]pcp-j-h-Ntkm `h-oXn. ss\ `Kh CXn.

XtZj tmIx bZm Ikp Imtay jpkv{Xnbw kz]vt\jp ]iy-Xn, kar nw X{X Pm\n-bmXv Xkvan kz]v\ \nZit\ Xkvan kz]v\-\n-Zit\
B A-n Xmsg--d-bp tmI-ap-v. Ftm Imay- -fmb I-fn kz]v\w ImWp-tm kv{Xotb ImWp-pthm An- s\-bp ]w AhnsS I- - fpsS ^e-{]m-]Xn-bp-sp Adn-b-Ww. v

]c-temIw Fp-Im-c-Wm \nd-bmsX Ccn-p-sXv \n\v Adn- bmtam? Fv {]hm- l-W tNmZn-p. Adnp-IqSm `K-hmt\ Fp--chpw ]d-p. GXp-{]-Imcw Am-as Blp-Xn-bn, B lpXn km[-\- -fmb ApI ]pcp-j Fp hN-tmSp IqSn-b-h\mbn `hn-p-sXv \n\--dn-bmtam? {]hm-l-W tNmZn-p. `K-hms\ Xosc Adn-p-IqSm tizX-tIXp ]dp.

AY\p Ina\p intm fthm NYx tbm loam\n \ hnZymXv IYw tkm f\p intm {_qhnX? CXn. klmff bkvXx ]nXp-c-ta-bmb Xw tlmhm-N A\-\p-injy hmham `K-hm\ {_ho-Z\p Xzm finjy-anXn
A\p- im-kn- -s-n-p-sv \o ]d--sX-mWv? Bcv Cu tNmZn kwK-Xn-Isf Adn-bp-I-bn-tbm Ah A\pim- kn--s- -hs\v Fns\ ]dbpw? Fp {]hm-l-W tNmZn-p. tizX-tIXp hfsc hnj-anv ]nXm-hns m\n BK-an-p. ]nXm-hn-t\mSv ]d-p. A\p-im- kn-msX Xs `K- hm Rm A\p- im-knp Ign-n- cn- p-p Fv FtmSv ]d- p.

aqmw Jw
tizX-tI-XplmfcptWbx ]m-em\mw kanXo tabmb Xw l {]hm-ltWm ssPh-en-cp-hmNx Ipam-cm-\pXzm injXv ]ntXXn A\p ln `Kh CXn.
Bcp-Wn-bpsS ]p{X-\mb tizX tIXp ]m-e- Fp ]d- bp P\- ]- Z--fpsS kan-Xn-bn sNp. BtizX tIXp-hn-t\mSv Poh-es ]p{X- \mb {]hm-l-W ]dp Atbm Ipam-cm, ]nXmhv \ns A\p-im-kn-n-p-v. tizXtIXp Dcw ]d-p.

th bZntXm f[n {]Pmx {]b-oXn \ `Kh CXn. th bYm ]p\cm h CXn. \ `Kh CXn. th ]tYmt-h-bm-\ky ]nXr-bm-Wkyp N hymh-\-an-Xn. \ `Kh CXn.
{]P-I Cu temI-n \nv apI-fn Ftmp Kanp-p-thm, AXp \n\v Adn-bmtam? {]hm-l-W tNmZnp. Adn-p-IqSm `K-hmt\ tizX-tIXp adp-]Sn ]d-p. F{]-Imcw Xncn-p-t]m-cpp Fp \n\v Adn-bmtam? Fp {]hm-l-W tNmZn- p. Atbm `K-hm-t\, Adn-pIqSm Fv tizX-tIXp Dcw ]d-p. tZh-bm-\-n- tbpw, ]nXr-bm-\n-tbpw hgn-I-fpsS ]c-kv]c hntbm-Km-\s \n\v Adn-bmtam? Fp hopw tNmZn-p. Adn-p-IqSm `K-hmt\ Fp Dcw ]d-p.

]am cmPkr _px f{]iv\m\ {]mo-Xv, tXjmw ss\Iw N\m-iIw hnh-p-anXn; k tlmhmN: bYm am Xzw XssZ-Xm-\h tZm bYm fl tatXjmw ss\Iw N\-thZ; bZy lan-am\ t]Zn-jyw, IYw tX \mhyanXn.
{X-_p FtmSv Ap tNmZy- tNmZn-p. B tNmZy--fn Hp-t]mepw hnti-jnp \n-bn-p--Xn\v Rm i-\m-bn-. ]nXmhv ]d-p. \o h DSs\ FtmSv Cu {]iv\--sf-n Fns\ ]d-pthm AXpt]mse Xs Adn-p-sIm-q. Rm Cu {]iv\--fn Hn-t\bpw Adn-bp-n-. Rm Chsb Adn-n-cpp Fn \n\v ]d-p-X-cm-Xn-cn-p-am-bn-cp-pthm?

k l KuXtam cmtm fta-bmb; Xkvssa l {]m]vXm bmlmw NImc; k l {]mXx k`mK DtZ-bmb; Xw tlmhmN: am\p-jky `K-h KuXa hnky hcw hrWnYm CXn. ktlmhm N: Xsshh cmP! am\pjw hnw

237

Wv. Ahp kam-[m-\hpw ]d-bp-p. A]q-cq-]--fmb BMq-Xn-I D{I-an-p bP-am-\s\, ]cn-th-jvT\w sNbvXv D{I-an-p-p. bP-am-\ [qam-Zn-bn IqSn Aco--n {]th-in- p-tm Ahs\ B{i-bn-n-cn-p B KuX-a, cmPm-hns ASpp sNp. Xs Blq-Xn-Ifpw A-co--n {]th-in-p-p. AhnsS ASp h B KuX-as\ ]qPn-p. KuX-a cmhnse nXn-sN-p bP-am-\-\v, kpJ-I-c-ambn Chbpw AhnsS cmP-k-`bn h-tm At-l-ns ASp- Ib-dn- nXn-sN-bvXp-sImv A-co-s Bl-h\o-b-s\sp KuX-a-t\mSv cmPmhv ]d-p. Atbm ]qPy-\mb tmse Bp- p. Blq-Xnv A[n-I-c-W-am-bn- p- Xv BlKuX-am, a\p-jy-kw-_-n-bmb hns kw_-nv h-\o-b-\m-Ip-p. AXv hmbp-hns\ kan-p-t]mse BpAtv C-ap-Xp Ap hcn-p-sIm-p. KuX-a ]d- p. hmbp-hn-s\-sImv A-cow Zo]n-p-p. aco-Nn-Ip. Atbm cmPm-th, am\p-j-amb hnw Atp sf-s ip-amb Blp-Xn-bm-Ip civan- I, A-coXs Ccn- - s. Fs Ipam- cs ASp- GXp hmns\ - n hym]vX--fm- Wtm? Ans\ A-co-- n Ap ]d- p- thm, AXv F\n- p ]dp Xcq. B cmPmhv nXn-sN-bvXp-sIm-v, AhnsS nXn-sN-p bP-am-\ZpxJap--h-\mbn `hn-p. s\, ^tem-p-J-\m- n- op-p. ]ns bP- am-\, AXw l Nncw htk-Xym-m-]bmw NImc; co--n \nv, IqsS IqsS D{I-an-p-tm Ahbpw IqsS D{I-an-p-p. bP-am-\ Zyptem-I-n {]th-inXw tlmhmN; bYm-amXzw KuX-amh p-tm Ah Zyptem-I-n {]th-in-p-p. AhnsS tZm btY bw \ {]mIv Xzx ]pcm {]th-inv BZyp-tem- I-s- s Bl-h-\o-b-\m-n, BZnhnZym {_-Wm KXn XkvamZp kth Xys\ kan-mn Xop-p. ap]v A-co--n jp temtIjp {X sskyh {]im-k\ nXn-sN-p bP-am-\s\ XWw sNpp Fp ]da`q-ZnXn Xkvssa tlmhmN -Xp-t]m-se, B Blq-Xn-I Zyptem-I-n nXn-sNAh-t\mSv hfsc \m Ahn- sS- s Xma- kn-q Fv p bP-am-\t\bpw ^e-Zm\w sImv kpJn-n-p-p. A\-cw B Blq-Xn-I bnp XpS-p-Ibpw bP-amcmPmhv Bm-]n-p. B KuX-a-t\mSv cmPmhp ]d-p. Atbm KuX-am, Av FtmSv GXp {]Im-c-n ]d- \ Zyptem-I-n \nv ]rYn-hn-bn {]th-in-bpw pthm AXp ]d-bm-\p-v. F{]-Imcw Cu hnZy, \n\p sNp-tm Ahbpw Ap-I-fm-bn-op. IqsS Xncnp ap]v, {_m-Wsc Kan-n-n--tbm, A{]-Imcw temI-n t]mcp-p. ]ns Ah ]rYn-hn-bn {]th-inv X-fpsS {]kn--am-Ip-p. AXp-sImv ]v Fm temI--fnepw B{i- bs {hoXn apX- em-b- h- tbmSp tNv B{ib Zzmtc{Xnb PmXnp am{Xsa injy-msc Cu hnZy-sIm-v, W, tcX-ns\ \ntj-N\w sNp ]pcp-j-\n {]th-inA\p-im-kn-pI Fp-Xv Dm-bn-cp-pp Fp ]d- p-p. B ]pcp-j-\n \nv kv{Xobn {]th-in-,v K`am-bn-ov X-fpsS B{i-b-s, Im-\p-jTm- \p-tbmv nv KuX-a\v hnZysb D]-tZ-in-p-sIm-Sp-p. Ky-amb temI-n- se-p-b-cp--h-\m-bn-o-cp-p. C-s\sbmw P\-I, ta- d tNmZy-p-cw ]dp. \memw Jw Fm AXn An tNm{Xm-lq-Xn-I-fpsS Im-cw`w Am-as Blp-Xn-bn Ap-Ip ]pcp-j am{Xw C-hn-[-n- ep-m-Ipp Ft ]d-R-A-Rn-p-p. F t]cp ]d-bm-hp--sX-s\ Fp tNmZyn\v CXn-em-Is An-tlm-{Xm-lq-Xn-I-fpsS ]cn-Wm-a-cq-]-amb BZy-ambn kam-[m\w ]d-bp-p. AXn\p kam-[m\w ]d- Imm-cw-`s Ambn hn`-Pnv D-c-am-{]m-]vXnv p-I- gn-m ]ns a-tNm-Zy-v kam-[m\w ]d-bp- km[-\-am-bn, An-I-sf \ne-bn Ah-bpsS D]m-k\ hn[n-phm\nn-p-sImp ]d-bp-p. -Xn\v Ffp--am-Ip-p. hmP-k- t\-b-I-n An tlm{X- lq-Xn-I Ah-bpsS ^es Bcw-`n-p--Xn-s\-n bm-hy, P\-It\mSv tNmZn-p--h-bmbn Bdp tNmZy- Dv. Ah cmhn-sebpw sshInpw tlman--s-Sp-, An tlm{X-lqXn-I Cu temI-n\nv D{I-an- p-Xv D{I-an-Xns tijw Ah, X-fpsS B{i-b\v Xr]vXnsb kmZn-p-sIm-Sp-p--Xv, Xr]vXnsb km-Znp sImSp-p-sImn-cp-nv Ah Cu temI-n-tev Xncn- p- t]m-cp-- Xv, A\cw Ahbvv B{i-b-amb ]pcp-j ]c-tem-I-n-tev Dm-\-io-e-\m-bn-o-cp--Xv, Ch-sb-m-sa-ns\? F-Xm-

bmtah Ipamc kymt hmNa ` jYm, kvXmta hta {_qloXn kl IrOvdo _`q-h.

Aku hmh temtIm KuX-am-n kvXky ffZnXy Gh kan-Zv, civatbm [qam flcn {am Avcm, \{XmWn hnkv^p-envKmx
A-tbm, KuX-am, At temIw Xs An-bm-Ipp. Zyp temI-sap ]d-bp Anv BZn-Xy Xs kan-m-Ip-p. civan-I [qa-am-Ip-p. ]I Pzme-bm-Ipp. N{-av AMvKm-c--fm-Ip-p. \-{X- Xosm-cnI-fm-Ip-p.

238

Xkvant Xkvan-u tZhx {imwPq lzXn, Xkym BlqtXx tkmam cmP kw`-h-Xn.
An-s\-bp Cu An-bn Aym-Zn-I {isbp ]d-bs-Sp Ap-Isf tlman-p-p. B BlpXn-I-bn \nv tkma-\m-Ip cmPmhv Dm-Ip-p.

Ggmw Jw
]pcptjm hmh KuX-am-n, kvXky hmtK h kan-Xv, {]mtWm [qtam, Pnlzmf n-p-cv Kmcmx t{im{Xw hn kv ]penvKmx

Amw Jw
(c-m-as tlmas kw_-n cm-as ]cymb-ns As Adn-bp--Xn-\mbn B ]cymbw FSpp-p.)

Atbm KuX- am, ]pcp-j An-bm-Ip-p. B ]pcpj-\m-Ip Anv kanv hmm-Ip-p. {]mW [qa-amIp-p. Pnlz Anm-Ip-p. Npv AvKmc--fm-Ipp. t{im{Xw Xosm-cn-I-fm-Ip-p.

Xkvant Xkvan u tZhm Aw PqlzXn Xkym B lqtX-tcXx kw`h-Xn


An-s\-bp Cu ]pcp-j-\m-Ip Anbn tZhm {holn apX- em-bh sImp-m- -s- Sp Aw tlmanp-p. B Blq-Xn-bn \nv tcXkv Dm-Ip-p.

]Pt\ym hmh KuX-amn kvXky hmbp-tch kan-Zv, A{`w [qtam, hn ZypZn, ci\n cwKm-cm, {lm Z\tbm hnkv^p-enwKmx
Atbm KuX-am, hrjvTn-tZ-h-X- Xs An-bm-Ip-p. B ]-P-\-\ym-Ip Anv hnd-I,v hmbp Xs- bm-Ipp. taLw [qaa-am-Ip-p. hnZypv An-m-Ip-p. CSno I\-epIfm-Ip-p. Kn-X-i-_vZ- Xosm-cn-I-fm-Ip-p.

Fmw Jw
tbmjm hmh KuX-am-n, kvXkym D] Gh kan, ZypZp-]-a-{-btX k [qtam, tbm\n-c-n, Zx ItcmXn tX fv Kmcm.
Atbm KuX-am, kv{Xo An-bm-Ip-p. Btbm-jmnv kanv D]--am-Ip-p. ]Xps h-am\w ]dbp-Xv [qa-am-Ip-p. tbm\n An-m-Ip-p. AI-m-pXv AvKm-c--fm-Ip-p. sNdnb kpJ- Xosm-cn-Ifm-Ip-p.

Xkvant Xkvan-u tZhx tkmaw cmPm\w PqlzX Xkym Blq-tXh jw kw`-h-Xn.


An-s\-bp Cu ]Py\y-\m-Ip An-bn tZhm tkma-\m- Ip cmPm-hns\ tlman-p-p. B Blq-XnXn-bn \nv ag-bp-m-Ip-p.

Bdmw Jw
]rYho hmh KuX-amn kvXkymx kwh-c Gh k an Zm Imtim [qtam, cm{Xn-cn, ntimw Kmcm, Ahm-c Zntim hnkv^p-enwKmx
Atbm KuX-am, ]rYn-hn-Xs An-bm-Ip-p. B ]rYnhn Fp ]d-bp Anv kanv kwh--c-am-Ipp. BImiw [qa-am-Ip-p. cm{Xn An-m-Ip-p. ZnpI AwKmc--fm-Ip-p. -CSZn-p-I Xosm-cn-I-fm-Ip-p.

Xkvan-tX kvanu tZhm tctXm Pqlz-Xn, Xkym, Blp-tX K`x kw`-h-Xn.


An-s\-bp Cu tbmjm-n-bn tZh-m tcXns\ tlman-p-p. B Blq-Xn-bn \nv K`w DmIp-p.

H]Xmw Jw
CXn Xp ]aym amlp Xm hmhx ]pcp jh-Ntkm `h-oXn k Dev_mhr tXm Kt`m Zihm \h hm amkm-\x ibnXzm bmhZzm fY Pmb-tX.
Cs\ Am- as Blq- Xn-bn Ap-I ]pcp-j Fp t]cp--h-bm-bn-o-cp-p. B K`w, Pcmbp Fp ]d-bp K`-th-j vT -\ - m Bhr-X -am-bn-v, ]tm H]tXm amk-mew A-n AXn-eev]w IqSntbm Ipdtm D Imew Dn InS-nv P\n-p-p.

Xkvant Xkvan u tZhm hjw Pqlz-Xn, Xkym Blq-tX-cw kw`-hXn


An-s\-bp Cu {]Yn-hn-bm-Ip An-bn, tZhm hjs tlman-p-p. B Blq-Xn-bn Aw Dm-Ip-p.

239

kPmtbm bmhZm bpjw Poh-Xn, Xw t{]Xw Zn-antXm f b Gh, lc-n-bX Gt] tXm bXx kw `qtXm `h-Xn.
B P\n-h Bbp-p-n-S-tmfw Imew Pohn-pp. ]tc-X-\mb Ahs\ ]c-tem-Is Dt-inv Cu {Kman \nv Ah GXv An-bn \np hp-thm, Ah GXv An-bn\npm-bn-cn- p-p-thm, B Anbn-te-p-Xs sImp-t]m-hp-p.

amtk`yx ]nXr-temIw ]nXr-temIm ZmIm-i, amIm-im--{-akw; Gj tkmtam cmPX tZhm-\m-a-w, Xw, tZhm `-b-Xn.

amk--fn \np ]nXr-tem-I-t-bpw, ]nXr-tem-In \nv BIm-i-t-bpw, BIm-i-n \nv N{-an-t\-bpw, {]m]n-p-p. Cu N{-av {_m-W-cpsS cmPmhmb tkma-\m-Ip-p. tZh-m-cpsS Aw AXm-Ip-p. B A- amb N{-a-ns\ tZh-m `n-p-p.

]mw Jw
XZy Cw hnZpx, tb tNta fctWy {im X] CXyp-]m-k-tX, tXfnj a`n kw`-hn; Antjm flc B]q-amW ] am ]q-am-W-]m Zym jU ZtXn amkmw kvXm
]c-tem-I-n-tep D[zm\w sNp A[n-Ir-X-cmb Krl--m-cn bmsXm-cp- Cns\ Adn-bp-p-thm, bmsXm- cp- Ac-Wy-n {i X]v XpS-n-bh D]mkn-p-p-thm, Ah An-c`n-am-\n-\n-bmb tZh-Xsb {]m]n-p-p. An-n \nv Al-c-`n-am-\n-\n-bmb tZhX- tbbpw Al-n \nv, ip-]-m-`n-am-\n-\n-bmb tZhX-tb-bpw, A]q-cy-am-bW ]-n\nv kqcy hStmp t]mhp-p-thm, B amk--fmb D-cm-bW tZhX-tb-bpw, D-cm-bW tZh-X-bn \nv kwh--cm-`n-am\n-bmb tZh-X-tb-bpw, kwh--c-n \nv BZn-Xyt\bpw BZn-Xy-\n \nv N{- t\-bpw, N{-\n\nv hnZypn- t\bpw {]m]n-p-p. AhnsS Aam-\-h-\mb ]pcp-j {_-tem-I-n\nv hcp-p. B ]pcp-j {_s {]m]n-p-p. CXv tZh-bm-\-sap ]d-bp am-am-hp-p.

Xkvan bmhw ]mX-ap-jnXzmf ssYX-ta-hm[zm Xw ]p\n-h t XtY-X, amIm-i, amImim Zzm bpw, hmbp`qXzm [qtam `h-Xn, [qtam `qXzm f{Zw `h-Xn. A{`w `qXzm tatLm `hXn; tatLm `qXzm {]hjXn; X Cl {holn-b-hm, Huj-[n-h-\-kv]-X-b, kvXne-amjm CXn Pmbt AtXm ssh Jep Zpnjv{] ]X-cw, bmtbm ly-a-n, tbm tc Xx kn-Xn, XZv`qb Gh `h-Xn.
B N{-a--e - n I- -b w-h sc hkn- n-v , ASpp ]d-hm t]mIp hgn-p- Xs t]mb-Xp-t]m-se, hopw Xncn-p-t]m-cp-p. BIm-i-tbpw BIm-i- n \np hmbp-hn-t\bpw {]m]n-p-p. hmbp-hm-bn-onv [qa-ambn ]cn-W-an-p-p. [qa-am-bn-onv hj-ambn ]Xn-p-p. Ah ChnsS {holn-Ifpw bh-fpw Huj[n-I-fpw, hr-fpw Xne-fpw amj-fpw ap-ambn P\np-p. Cm-c-W-m \njv{I-an-p-hm hfsc {]bmk-am-Wv. Bscmw B As `n-p-p-thm, anhmdpw AXns Fmw Ah-b-h--tfmSpw BIr-Xn-tbmSpw IqSn- b-h-\m-bn-Xo-cp- p.

AY b Cta-{Kma Cm ]q Z anXyp-]m-ktX, tX [pa a`n kw`-hn; [qam-{Zm{Xnw cmt{X c]-c]-, a]c ]m-Zym jUvZ-n-ssW-Xnamw kmw kvXm, ss\tX kwh--c-a`n {]m]v\ p-h- n.

{Kma-n, Chpw ]q-hp-amb Zm\w XmXv]-cytm-Sp-IqSn sNp-Xv BcmtWm Ah [qam-`n-am-\n-bmb tZh- Xsb {]]n-p-p. [qa-n\nv cm{Xym- `n- am-\n-\n-bmb tZh-X-tb-bpw, cm{Xn-bn \nv IrjvW-]-m-`n-am-\n-bmb B A\p-i-bn-I-fn BcmtWm Cu temI-n tim`tZh-X-tb-bpw, A]-c-]-- n\nv kqcy Zn-W-Zn-n\-amb ioe-tmSp IqSn-b-h-cm-bn-cn-p-Xv Ah tim`-\tep t]mIp Bdp-am- k- ns A`n-am\n tZh- X- I- tfbpw amb tbm\nsb AXm-bXv {_-W-tbm-\n-tbtbm {Xn-b{]m]n-p-p. Ch kwh--cm-`n-am-\n-\n-bmb tZh-Xsb tbm-\n-tbtbm sshiy-tbm-\n-tbtbm thKw {]m]n-p-p. {]m]n-p-n-.

XZy Cl ca-Wob Nc-Wm, A`ymtim l bt ca-Wobmw tbm\n-am-]-tZy-c; {_mW tbm\nw hm {Xnb tbm\nw hm sshiy-tbm\nw hm AYb Cl I]q b Nc-Wm, A`ymtim l bt I]qbmw tbm\n am]-tZy-c, iztbm\nw hm kq Ic-tbm\nw hm Nm etbm\nw hm

240

I bmsXm-cp- Cu temI-n Atim-`\-io-e-m-cm-bn-cnp-p-thm, Ah Atim-`\-amb tbm\nsb AXm-bXv iztbm-\n-tb-tbm, kqIc tbm\n-tbtbm Nm-etbm-\ntbtbm thK-n {]m]n-pw.

AssY-Xtbmx ]tYm IX-tcW N\, Xm\o-am\n p{ZmWy kIrZm ho\n `qXm\n `hn; Pmb-kz-{an-b-tkztXy XXv XrI-Xobw m\w tX\m ku temtI \ kw]qtX; Xkvam-q-Kp]vtk X; XtZj tmIx
]ns GXp `qX- C-d cp am-fn Hnepw IqSn t]mIp-n--tbm, A-s\-bp Cu `qX ]e {]mhiyw Bhn-p Cu, sImXp- I,v ]pgp apX- emb p{Z--fmbn `hn-p-p. P\n-epw acn-epw aqm-as m\-am-Ip-p. AXp-sImv ]c-temIw \ndbp-n-. AXn-\m kwkm-c-KXn shdp--Ww.

henb b- im-en- I- tfmSp IqSn-b-hcpw henb kvtXm{Xnb-m-cp-amb D]-a-\yp-hns ]p{X-\mb {]mNo-\-im-e ]peqjs ]p{X\m kXy-b- Zm-hn-bpsS ]p{X-\mb C{Zyp-av\, i-cm-s ]p{X-\mb _pUn-e Ch HcnSv Hcp-an-q-In-Sn. Bm-thXv {_ GXv Fv hnNm-c-WsN-bvXp.

tX l km-Zbmw N{I-cp-m-etIm sse `K-htm fb amcpWnx k{_-Xn-aam m\w sshiz-\-c-a-t[yXn; Xw lm`y Km-taXn Xw lm`ym Ppx
]qPy-m-cmb Ah Xv D]-tZ-m-hns\ BtemNn-p. Acp-Ws ]p{X-\mb Cu Dm-e-I sshiz-\-c-\mIp Cu-m-hns\ th hn[-n Adn-b p- p. Ctm Chs\ \apv A`ym-K-an-mw. Cs\ \n-bnv Dm-e-Is\ A`ym-K-an-p. -

kvtXt\m lnc-Wyky kpcmw ]n_w Kp tcmkvXev] am\-k {_lm N GtX ]Xn NXzmcx ]-am ffNcw kvs sXcnXn

k l km-Zbmw NImc {]yn amanta alm-imem alm-t{im{Xn bmkvtXt`ym \ kh-anh {]Xn-]t; lm la-\y-a-`y\p imkm-\ oXn

B BcpWn hnNmcnp: henb b-im-en-I-tfm-SpIq-Sn-b-hcpw alm t{im{Xn-b-m-cpsS Ch, FtmSp tNmZnkzw tamn-p-hpw, aZy-]m\w sNp--h-\pw, pw. Ahv Ah tNmZn-p--sXmw ]dp sImSpKpcp-Zm-c-sf ]cn-{K-ln-p--h-\pw, {_-Ws\ sImp-- p-hm Rm\p-m-ln-p-n-. Ctm Rm thsdmcp h\pw Cu \mep-t]-cpw Ah-tcm-Sp-IqSn {]hn-p D]-tZ-m-hns\ A`y-\p-im-kn-mw. Am-a-t-h\pw ]Xn-p-p.

AY lb GXm ]m-o thZ, \ k l ssXc ]ymN-c ]m]va \m en]ytX ipx ]qXx ]pWytem tIm `hXn b Ghw thZ, b Ghw thZ
Bcv Cu ]m- n-Isf Cs\ Adn-b p-p-thm, Ah ta-d alm-]m-X-In-I-tfm-Sp-IqSn {]-hn-mepw, ]m]-m en]v\m-I-bn-. Cs\ Bcp Adn-bp-pthm, Ah ip-\mbpw ip-am--s--h\mbpw ]pWyamb temI-ap--h-\mbpw Xocp-p.

Xm tlmhm-Nm-iz-]Xnssh `K-htmf bw ssI tI bx kw {]Xo-a-am-m\w ss]izm \c-a-t[y-XnXw lm-`y-Km taXn Xw lm`y-Ppx

Ah-tcmSp ]dp: Atbm `K-hm-mtc! tItI-bs ]p{X- \mb Cu Aiz- ]Xn F cmPmhv th- hn-[-n Cu sshizm- \- c- s\ Bm- hns\ Adn- bp-p. Ahs\ Ctm \apv A`ym-K-an-mw. Fp \n-bnv Aizm-]-Xnsb A`ym-K-an-p.

]Xn- s \mmw Jw
{]mNo-\-i me Hu]-a-\yhx kXy-bx ]uepjn, cn{ Zypavt\m `m-th-tbm, P\x im-cm-tm, _Une Aiz Xcm-iznkvtX ssltX alm-imem alm t{im{Xnbmx ktaXy aoamwkm N{Iqx tIm\ Bm, Inw {_tXn

tXt`ym l {]m]vtX `yx ]rY KlmWn Imcbmw NImc k l {]mXx kwPn lm\ DhmN: \ ta kvtXt\m P\-]-tZ, \ IZtm \ aZyt]m \m\m-lnXm nm-hn-Zzm, \ sskzco sskzcn-Wo, IptXm, by-amtWm ssh `K-htmf la-kvan, bmhtZ ssIIkvam EXzn tP [\w Zmkyman XmhZv `K-hZv t`ym Zmkym-an, h CXn.

241

{]m]vX-cmb Ahp {]tXyIw km-c- sNnp. B cmPmhv {]mXx Ime-n hn\-btm-Sp-IqSn ]dp: Fs \mn I-\n-. Ir]-W C. aZy-]\n. Aym-[m\w sNm--h\n-. hnZzm-m-tc-bp-p. ]c-Zmc-K-a\w sNp--h-\n-. Zp-N-c n-Wn-bmb kv{XoI-fn-. Atbm `K-hm-m-tc, Rm bmKw sNm t]mI-bm-Wv. Htcm EXzn-n\pw Fp-am{Xw [\w Rm sImSp-ptam A{Xbpw `K-hm-m-cmb \nv Xcp-p-v. `K-hm-m ChnsS hkn-p-hn.

Ayw ]iy-kn-{]n-bw, Ayw ]iyXn {]nbw, `hXyky {_-hkw Ipte b GX tah-am-m\w sshizm-\c ap]m-kvtX, aqmtXzj Bm\ CXn tlmhmN; aq mtX hy]-Xn-jyZy mw\ fKanjy CXn

tX tNmNpt\ sslhm-t\ ]pcpj tc-Xv, Xw sslh htZ-Xv, Bm\ ta thaw sshizm-\cw kw{]-Xy-t[yjn; Xtah t\m {_qlo-Xn.
Ah ]dp: GXp {]tbm- P-\s D-t-inv ]pcp- j Hcm-fpsS ASp- sNp-p-thm, AXp-Xs ]d-p sImSp--Ww. Bm-hp-X- s- bmb Cu sshiz-\-cs\ icnbmbn Av Adn-bp-p. B sshizm-\-c-s\-s R v ]d-p-X-cq.

\o As `n-p-p. {]nbs ImWp-p. Bcv C{]-Imcw Cu sshiz-\-c-\mb Bm-hns\ D]m-kn-p-pthm, Ah Aw `n- pw. {]nbw ImWpw. Chs Ipen {_-hkw Dm-hpw. Fm CXv Bm-hns aqm-hm-Ip-p Fp ]d-p. Fs ASp- Ap hn-m-bn-cpp Fn, At apmhv hoWp-t]m-Ip-ambn-cp-p Fp IqSn--d-p.

]Xn-aqmw Jw
AY tlmhmN kXy-bw ]uepjnx: No\-tbm-Ky, Iw Xzam-m\ ap]m CXn BZn-Xy-ta-h. `Kthm cmP-nXn tlmhmN; Gjssh hniz-cq] Bm-ssh-iz\ tcm bw Xzmam-m-\-ap-]mt; Xkvam h hniz-cq]w Ipte ZriytX

]pep-js ]p{X-\mb kXy-b--t\mSv ]d-p. Atbm, {]mNo\-tbmKym, Av GXns\ Bm-hmbn D]m-knAh-tcmSv Aiz-]Xn ]d-p. cmhnse \np {]Xypcw \Imw. Ah ssII-fn kan-p-Itfm-Sq-InS pp? ]qPy-\mb cmPmth BZn-Xy-s\-s Fp ]qhm-- n cmPmhns ASp-sN-p. Ahsc D]- Ah ]d-p. Av GXn-s\-bmtWm Bm-hmbn D]m\- bnmsX Xs Xmsg- - d- bp sshizm- \- c- hnm\w ]d- kn-p--Xv, AXv hniz-cq-] Fp {]kn--\mb sshizm\-c\mb Bm-hm-Ip-p. AXn-\m \ns Ipe-n p-sIm-Sp-p. hfsc Cl- ]- c-tem-I-p- th- n-bp D]-I-cWw ImWpp.

Xm tlmhmN {]mXhx {]Xnh m kvaoXn, tX kanXv ]m-Wbx ]qhm lvtW {]Xn-N{I-antc; Xm lm\p ]\ossb sshX-Zp-hmN

]{mw Jw
Hu]-a-\y-h, Iw Xzam-m-\-hp-]m CXn; Znh-tah `Kthm cmP-nXn tlmhm N; Gj ssh kpX Pm Bm sshizm-\-tcmbw Xzam-m\ ap]mt Xkvam hkpXw {]kp-X, amkpXw Ipte Zriy-tX.
D]-a\yp ]p{Xm, Av GXv Bm-hns\ D]m-kn- pp Fp cmPmhp tNmZn-p. ]qPy-\mb cmPm-th, tZymhn-s\s Fv alm-im-e adp-]Sn ]d-p. Av D]m-knp-Xv kptX-P-sp ]d-bp sshizm-\-c-\mb Bmhm-Ip-p. B Bm-hns\ \o D]m-kn-pp. AXn-\m \ns Ipe-n kpXhpw {]kq-X-hpw, Akq-Xhpw ImWs-Sp-p. (A-Xm-bXv \ns Ipe-n-ep--h Iw sNp-h-cm- sW-w)

{]hrtm fizX-co-ctYm Zmko-\njvtImf yw ]iy-kn-{]nbw Ayw ]iy Xn {]nbw, Zh-ky {_-hkw Ipte, b GX tah-am-m\w sshizm \c-ap-]mkvtX! Np-jvtTz-X-Zm-\ CXn tlm hmN tm f`hntjym bZn amw\m ffKanjy CXn.
Aiz-X-c n-I sf sIn-bn-p cY-hpw, Zm-kn-ItfmSp IqSnb lmc-hpw, \n\-p-]-tbm-K-s-Sp-p. \o As `n- p-p. \o {]nbw ImWp- p. BcmtWm C{]-Imcw Cu sshizm\-c-\m-Ip Bm-hns\ D]m-kn-p-Xv Ah Aw `n-p-p. {]nbw ImWp-p. Chs Ipe-n hrm- y-b-\- k-arn Dm-hp-p. CXv Bm- hns Npm-Ip-p. Av Fs ASp- hn-cp-n--n A\m-bn-o-cp-am-bn-cpp Fpw ]d-p.

242

I ]Xn- memw Jw
AY tlmhm-tN-{-Zypav\w `m-thbw: sshbm{L ]ZyIw Xzam-m-\-ap]m t CXn. hmbp tah `Kthm cmP nXn tlmhmN Gj ssh ]rY-Kz m ffm sshizm-Xtcmbw Xzamm \ ap]mt; XkvamXv Xzmw ]rYKv _ eb Bbn ]rY-{KY t{iWtbmf \pbn

{]P-sb-smpw [\w-sImpw kar--\m-bn-cn-p-p.

Ay-w, ]iykn {]nb-a-yw ]iy Xn {]nbw; `h-Xyky {_-hkw Ipteb GX-tah amm\w sshizm-\-c-ap-]m-kvtX, kwtZ-l-kvtXzj Bm\ CXn tlmhmN kt-lkvtX hyio-Zymw \m ffKan jy CXn.

Av Aw `n-p-p. {]nbw ImWp-p. Bcv Cu `m-hn-bpsS ]p{X-\mb C{-Zyp-av\-t\mSv tNmZnp: A- sshizm-\-c\m-Ip Bm-hns\ Cs\ D]m-kn-ppthm Ah Aw `n-pw. {]nbw ImWpw. Chs tbm, hy{L-h-ns ]p{Xm, Av Fn-s\-bmWv Bmhmbn D]m-kn-p-Xv? ]qPy-\mb cmPmth hmbp-hn-s\- Ipe-n {_-hkw Dm-Ipw. Fm CXv sshizms Fp ]d- p. Av GXn-s\- bmtWm Bm-hmbn \-cs a[y-a-i-co-c-am-Ip-p. Av Fs Acn-In hnD]m-kn-p-Xv AXv hmbp ]rY-Kzm-shp t]cp m-bn-cpp Fn At-bpsS icocw hnio-am-bn-oBm-hmb sshizm- \- c- \m-Ip-p. ]rY-Kzm-sh Bm- cp-am-bn-cp-p. hns\ D]m- kn-p- - Xn-\m thsdthsd D]- lm-c- AbpsS ASp- hcp- p. thsd thsd tX\n- c- I Asb ]Xn-\ mdmw Jw A\p-K-an-p-p.

Ay-w, ]iykn {]nbw; Ayw ]iyXn {]nbw `h-Xyky {_-hkw Ipte b GX-tah amm\w sshizm \c ap]mkvtX; {]mW-kvtXzj Bm\ CXntlmhmN; {]mWkvX DZ-{In-anjy Zv bmw \ ffKanjy CXn
Av Aw `n-p-p. {]nbw ImWp-p. BcmtWm Cu sshizm-\-c-\m-Ip Bm-hns\ D]m-kn-p--Xv, Ah Aw ImWpw. Chs Ipe-n {_-hkw Dm- Ipw. Fm CXv sshizm- \-cs {]mW- \m- Ip- p Fv ]d-p. Av Fs ASp- hn-m-bn-cpp Fn A-bpsS {]mW D{I-an-p-I-am-bn-cpp Fpw ]dp.

AY tlmhmN _pUn-eam-iz-X-cmiznw: sshbm {]]-ZyIw Xzam-m-\-ap-]m CXn. A] Gh `Kthm cmP-nXn tlm hmN. Gj sshc-bn-cmm sshizm\ tcm bw Xzam-m\ ap]mt; XkvamXv Xzw cbn-am ]pjvTn-am-\kn
Aiz-X-cm-izs ]p{X-\mb _pn-et\mSv ]dp: Atbm hy{L-]-ns ]p{Xm, Av GXns\ sshizm-\c-\mbn D]m-kn-pp Fv tNmZn-p. A-tbm, ]qPy-\mb cmPmth Ap-I-sf- -s -bm-I pp Fv _pn-e Dcw ]d-p. Av GXns\bmtWm Bm-hmbn D]mkn-p-Xv CXv cbn Fp {]kn--\mb Bm-hmb sshiz-c-\-c-\m-Ip-p. AXn-\m Av [\-ap--h-\mbpw ]pn-bp--h-\mbpw Ccn-p-p.

]Xn-\ mw Jw
AY tlmhmN P\w: im-cm-y, Iw Xzam-m\ ap]m CXn. BImi ta h `Kthm cP-nXn tlmhm-N. Gj ssh _lpe Bm-ssh-izm-\tcm bw Xzam-m\ ap]mt; XkvamXv Xzw _lp tem fkn {]Pbm N [t\\ N.

Ay-w, ]iykn {]nbw, AXyw ]iy Xn {]nbw `h-Xyky {_-hkw Ipte, b GX-tah amm\w sshizm-\c ap]mkvtX; hkvXn-kvtXzj Bm\ CXn tlmhmN; hkvXnkvtX hyt`-y-`ymw \m ffKan-jyXn

Av Aw `n-p-p. {]nbw ImWp-p. Bcv C{]Imcw Cu sshizm-\-c-\m- Ipp Bm-hns\ D]m-kn-p- pP\-t\mSv ]d-p. Atbm, i-cm-- ]p-{Xm, Av thm, Ah Aw `n- pw. {]nbw ImWpw. Chs IpeFns\ Bm-hmbn D]m-kn-p-p. ]qPy-\mb cmPm-th, n {_-h-ckw Dm-Ipw. Fm CXv BmBIm-i-s--s Fp-cw ]d-p. Av GXn-t\- hns hkvXn-bm-Ip-p Fp ]d-p. Av Fs ASpbmtWm Bm-hmbn D]m- kn- p-Xv AXv _lp-e Fp hcm-Xn-cpp Fn At-bpsS hkvXn-sm-n-tmt]cp Bm-hmb sshizm- \- c- \m-Ip- p. AXn- \m Av Ip-am-bn-cpp Fp-IqSn ]d-p.

243

I ]Xn-t\gmw Jw
AY tlmhm-tNm-m-eI-am-cpWnw: KuX a, Iw Xzam-m\ ap]m CXn. ]rYnhn tah `Kthm cmP-n-Xn-tlm-hmN Gj ssh {]XnjvTm ffm sshizm-\tcm bw Xzam-m\ ap]mt XkvamXv Xzw {]Xn-jvTntXm fkn{]-bmP N hip-`n-. Ayw ]iykn-{]nbw; AXyw ]iyXn {]nbw `h-Xyky {_-hkw Ipteb GX-tah amm\w sshizm-\-cap]m kvtX; ]mZu-tXzXm hm\ CXn tlm hmN: ]mZu tX hym-tkyXmw bmw \m ffKanjy CXn

-fnepw Fm Bm--fnepw Aw `n-p-p.''

Xky l hm G Xkyff t\m sshizm\ cky-aqssh kptX-Pm, phn-izcp ], {]mWx ]rY-Kzm-m, kt-tlm, _lp-tem, hkvXn-tc-h-cbnx ]rYn thyh ]mZm, hpc Gh thZn, tmam \n_ln, lrZbw Kml-tXym, at\mf \zm lm-]-N\ Bky aml-h-\obx
A-s\-bp Cu sshizm-\-c-\m-Ip Bm-hn\v ZyptemIw aqm-hm-Ip-p. BZn-Xy Np-m-Ip-p. hmbp {]mW-\m-Ip-p. BImiw ico-c-am-Ip-p. A- Im-cW-amb Ap-I aq{Xm-i-b-am-Ip-p. ]rYnhn ]mZ--fm-Ipp. sshizm-\-cm--I-\mb t`mm-hns Dcv kwkvI-cn-s Xd-bm-Ip-p. tcma- Z`--fm-Ip-p. lrZbw Kml- ]-Xy- \m- Ip- p. a\v A\zm- lm- h- N-\m- Ip- p. hmbp Bl-\-h-\o-b-\m-Ipp.

AcpW ]p{X-\mb Dm-eIt\mSv ]d-p. A-tbm, - KuX-am, Av GXv Bm-hns\ D]m-kn-pp? Fp tNmZn- p. `K-hm- \mb cmPmth ]rYnhn Xs- bm-Ipp Fv Dm-eI ]d-p. Av GXv Bm-hn-s\-bmtWm D]m- ]sm]Xmw Jw kn-p-Xv CXv {]XnjvT Fp ]d-bp Bm-hmb XZyZv `w {]Y-a-am-K-tXv Xtm sshizm-\-c-\m-Ip-p. AXn-\m Av {]P-I-sf-sm-pw, aobw, kbmw {]Y-am-am-lpXnw Pqlpbm ]ip-- sf-smpw {]Xn- jTn-X- \m- bn-cn-p-p. Aw `nv Xv Xmw Pqlp-bmXv {]mWmb kzm p-p. {]nbw ImWp-p. BcmtWm Cu Bm-hmb tlXn, {]mW kv Xr]y-Xn. sshizm-\-cs\ D]m-kn-p-Xv Ah Aw `npw {]nbw ImWpw. Chs Ipe-n {_-hkw DmAns\ Ccns GXv A- amtWm Hm-a-Xmbn hcphpw. Fm Ch Bm-hns ]mZ--fm-Ipp Fv Xv AXv tlman-p-hm-\p km[-\-am-Ip-p. GXv tlmancmPmhv ]d-p. Av Fs ASp- BK-an-n-m-bn- ptm AXns\ {]mWm-b-kzmlm Fv tlman--Ww. cpp Fn At-bpsS ]mZ- Xfp-t]m-Ip-am-bn- {]mW Xr]vX-\m-Ipw. cpp Fp-IqSn ]d-p.

]Xn-s\mw Jw
Xm tlmhmN: GtX ssh Jep-bqbw ]rY Knth aam-m\w sshizm-\cw hnZzmwtkm fa; bkvtXzX tajw {]m tZi am{X-a-Zn-hn-am-\-am-m\w sshizm\ \p]mkvtX; k kthjp temtIjp kthjp `qtXjp kth-jzm--k z--a-n.
cmPmhv ]d-p. ""\n Cu Bm-hmb sshizm-\cs\ thsd thsd F- t]mse hnNm-cn- p-sIm- mWv Aw `n-p--Xv. Fm Bcm-tWm, C{]-Imcw {]mtZ-i-am{X\pw A`n-hn-am-\\pw Bb sshiz-\-c- \mb Bm-hns\ D]m-kn-p-p-Xv, Ah Fm temI--fnepw Fm `qX-

{]tW Xr]yXn Np-kvXr-]y-Xn, Np jn Xr]y-Xym-ZnXy kvXr]yXn BZntXy Xr]yXn Zyu kvXr]y-Xn, Znhn Xr]yymw bXv In Zyu ffZnXy m[nXn jvT XkvXXv Xr]y-Xn, Xkym\p Xr]vXnw Xr]y Xn {]P-bm, ]ip-`n, cm-tZy\ tXP km {_-h-tk-t\-Xn.

{]mW Xr]vX-\m-Ip-tm Npp Xr]vXn-s-Sp-p. Npp Xr]vXn-s-Sp-tm BZn-Xy Xr]vXn-s-Sp-p. BZn-Xy Xr]vXn-s-Sp-tm tZymhp Xr]vXn-s-Sp-p. tZymhp Xr]vXn-s-Sp-tm tZymhpw BZn-Xy\pw GXn- s\bmtWm A[n-jvT n-X- am- p- Xv AXv Xr]vXn-s -Sp- p. AXns Xr]vXnsb XpSv {]P-sb-smpw ]ip--sfsmpw Aw apX-em-b-Xp-sImpw tXP-p-sImpw {_-hkw sImpw Xm\pw Xr]vX-\m-bn-o-cp-p.

244

I Ccp-]Xmw Jw
AY bmw ZznXobmw Pqlp-bmmw Pqlpbm Zvhym\m-bb kzmtlXn; hym\kv Xr]y-Xn. hymt\ Xr]y-Xn-t{im{Xw Xr]yXn; t{im{X Xr]yXn N{-am-kvXr-]yXn; N{-akn Xr]yXn Znikv Xr]yn `np Xrhyo jp bXv Inw N Znix t{im{Xw Nm[nXn jvTn XXv Xr]yXn; Xkym-\p-Xr]vXnw Xr]y Xn {]Pbm ]ip-`n-cmtZy \ tXPkm {_-h -tk-t \Xn

kamt\ Xr]yXn a\kv Xr]yXn; a\kn Xr]yXn ]P\y kvXr]yXn; ]Pt\y Xr]y Xn hnZyp-r-]yXn; hnZypXn Xr]yymw bXv Inw hNn-Zyp ]P-\y-ivOm-[n-Xn-jvTX kvXXv Xr]yXn; Xky\p Xr]vXnw Xr]yXn {]Pbm ]ip-`n-cm-tZy\ tXPkm {_-h tkt\- Xn.

\mem- as BlqXn GXmtWm tlman- p- Xv AXns\ kam-\mb kzmlm Fv tlman--Ww. kam-\ Xr]vX-\mIpw. kam-\ Xr]vX-\m-Ip-tm a\p Xr]vX-am-Ipw. a\p Xr]vX-am- Ip- tm ]P- \y Xr]vX-\m- Ipw. ]P- \y cm- as BlqXn GXmtWm tlman- p-Xv AXns\ Xr]vX-\m-Ip-tm hnZypv Xr]vX- bm-Ipw. hnZypXv Xr]vXhym\mb kzml Fv tlman--Ww. hym\ Xr]vX-\m-Ip- bm-Ip-tm hnZyp-pw, ]P-\y\pw bmsXm-ns\ A[nv tm t{im{Xw Xr]vX-\m- Ip-p. t{im{Xw Xr]vX-\m- Ip- tm Xn-jTn-X-am-ptm AXp Xr]vX-am-Ipw. N{- Xr]vX- \m-Ipw. N{ Xr]vX-\m-Ip-tm Znp-I Xr]vX- -fm-Ipw. Znp-I Xr]vX-\m-Ip-tm Znp-Ifpw N{- apw bmsXm-n- s\-bmtWm A[n- jvTn-X-am- p-Xv AXv Ccp-] - n- aqmw Jw Xr]vX-am-Ipw. AXns Xr]vXnsb XpSv {]P-sb-smAY bmw ]ao Pqlp-bmXv Xmw pw, ]ip--sf-smpw Aw apX-em-b-Xp-sIm-pw, Pqlp-bm-Zp-Zm-\mb kzmtl-Xn, DZm-\kv tXP-p-sIm-pw, {_-h-kw-sImpw Xm\pw Xr]vXXr]y-Xn. \m-bn-o-cp- p.

Ccp-] n Hmw Jw
AY bmw XrXobmw Pqlp-bmXv Xmw Pqlp bmZ ]m\mb kzmtlXn; Ahm-\kvXr]yXn A]mt\ Xr]yXn hmr-]yXn; hmNn Xr]yym ankv Xr]yXn; Au Xr ]yXn ]rYnhn Xr]yXn; ]rYnhymw Xr]y m b Inw N ]rYn-ho-Nmn m[nXn jvTX-kvXXv Xr]y-Xn, Xkym\p Xr]vXnw Xr ]yXn {]Pbm ]ip`n cm-tZy\ tXP km {_-h-tkm-t\-Xn.
aqm-as BlqXn bmsXmp tlman-ptm B Blp-Xnsb A]m-\mb kzmlm Fv tlman--Ww. A]m\ Xr]vX-\m-Ipw. A]m-\ Xr]vX-\m-Ip-tm hmIp Xr]vX-am-Ipw. hmIp Xr]vX-am-hp-tm An Xr]vX-am-hpw. An Xr]vX-\m-hp-tm ]rYnhn Xr]vX-bm-Ipw. {]Ynhn Xr]vX-bm-Ip-tm ]rYn-hnbpw Anbpw bmsXm-nt\ A[n-jTn-X-am-ptm AXp Xr]vX-am-Ipw. v

DZmt\ Xr]yXn XzIv Xr]yXn; XzNn Xy]yymw hmbp kvXr]yXn; hm bu Xr]y Xym Imi-kvXr-]yXn BImti Xr]yXn bXv Inw N hmbp m ffImi m[nXn jvTX-kvXXv Xr]y-Xn, Xkym\p Xr]vXnw Xr]y Xn {]Pbm ]ip-`n-cm-tZy\ tXPkm {_-h t-k -t\-Xn.

Am-a s BlqXn GXmtWm tlman- p- Xv AXns\ DZm-\mb kzmlm Fv tlman- -Ww. DZm-\ Zr]vX\m-Ipw. DZm- \ Xr]vX- \m-Ip- tm Xzp Xr]vX- am-Ipw. XzIv Xr]vX-am-Ip-tm hmbp Xr]vX- am-Ipw. hmbp Xr]vX-\m-Iptm BImiw Xr]vX-\m- Ipw. BImiw Xr]vX- am-Ip- tm hmbphpw BIm-ihpw GsXm-n- s\-bmtWm A[n-jTn-X-amv p-Xv AXp Xr]vX-am-Ipw.

Ccp-] - n- \ memw Jw
k b CZa hnZym-\n tlm{Xw Pqtlm-Xn, bYm fv Kmcm-\-t]mly `kva\n Pqlpbm Xv XmZrIv XXv kymXv
BcmtWm Cu sshizm-\c Zi\w Adn-bmsX Antlm-{Xs tlman- p- Xv Ahs B An- tlm{Xw F{]Imcw, I\- ep-I \on-bnv Nm-en tlman-ptm AXpt]m- se-bm-bn-o-cpw.

Ccp-] - n-c mw Jw
AYbmw NXpnw Pqlp-bmXv Xmw Pqlp bmXv kam-\mb kzmtlXn; kam-\kvXr]yXn

245

smw Xr]vX- am-Ipw. AXv Fm `pX- -fnepw nXn-sNp Bmhv Hm-sW- nse D]- ]- - am-I-bp- p. Bmhv thsd thsd Ccn-p ]w AXv A\p-]-]--am-Ip-p. AXn-\m Bm-hns GIXzw Fn-s\-bm-Wv ImWnBcmtWm C{]- Imcw Adnv An-tlm{Xw tlman- p- mw. AsXms Cu Aym-bn ]d-bp-p. A-tXv Ahs An-tlm{Xw Fm temI--fn-epw, Fm bpw, a\-Itbpw IY CXn ]d-bp-Xv hnZy Ghpw `qX-- fn-epw, Fm Bm--fnepw tlman- -s--Xm- bn-o- t{ijvT-am-Wp ImWn-p-p. cp-p.

AY b GX-tZhw hnZzm-\ntlm{Xw Pq]p-Xn, Xky, kthjp temtIjp k thjp `qtXjp kth-jzm--kp-lpXw `hXn.

XZy-tY-jn-Im-Xp-e-a-su t{]mXw {] Zqtb-ssXhw lmky kth ]m]vam\x {]Zq-bt b GX-tZhw hnZzm-\n tlm{Xw Pqtl-Xn.
BcmtWm Cu sshizm-\c Zi\w Adnv AntKm{Xw tlman-p--Xv, Ahs Fm ]m]-fpw Anbn {]n-]X- amb CjoI Fp ]d-bp XrW-hn-ti-jv ns ]n An-bn {]n-]vX-am-bm Fn-s\bmtWm Zln-p--X,v Ans\ Zln-p-p.

tizX-tI-Xplm fcptWb Bk; Xw l ]ntXm-hmN- - tizX-tI-tXm, hk {_-N-cyw, \ sshtkmaym kva Ipeot\m \\qNy {_-_p cnh `h-coXn

Acp-Ws ]u{X-\mbn tizX-tIXp Fsm-cm Dmbn-cp-p. Ah-t\mSp ]nXmhp ]d-p. Atbm tizX-tIXp, \o {_- Ncyw ]men- q. Atbm kuaym, \psS Ipen-ep--h Ay-b\w sNmsX {_-_-p-hn-s\tmse Bbn-o-cm ]mSn-.

XkvamZp sslhw hn`yp-Zy]n Nmem tbmnw {]b-t-Zm-ln sslhm ky XssZz-izm-\tc lpXw ky ZnXn, X tZj-tmIx,
C{]-Imcw Adn- bp--h Nm-e\v Dnw sImSp-mepw, Chs B Dn-jvT-Zm\w sshizm-\-c-\mb Bmhv tlman--s- -Xm-bn- o-cpw. B hnj-b-n Xmsg- -d- bp tmIw Dv.

k l ZzmZi hj Dt]-Xy, NXphnw-iXn hjx khm thZm-\-[oXy alm-a\m B \qNm-\-am-\o-kvX_v[ Gbmb Xw l ]ntXm-hmN: tizX-tI-tXm, b\p tkmtayZw alm-am\m A\q-Nm-\am\o kvX_vt[mkn? DX X amtZi a{]m tym, tb\m-{ipXw {ipXw `hXy aXw aX-a-hn-mXw hnm-X -an-Xn.
tizX-tIXp ]{p hb-m-b-tm BNm-cys ASp sNp. Ccp-]n- \mep hb-m-b-tm- Fm tZhfpw ]Tnv al-mb a\-tm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-h-\mbpw Xm kmvK-amb thZw ]Tn-p-I-gn--h-\m-W-p A`n-am-\tmSp IqSn-b-h-\mbpw hW--an-m--h-\mbpw Krln Ign-p-Iq-Sn. Ah-t\mSv ]nXmhv ]d-p. Atbm tizX-tI-Xp, kuaym, \o Cs\ alm-a-\-m-bpw, Xm A-Nm- \-\m- sWp hnNm-cn-p- - h-\m- bpw, hW--an-m- h- \mbpw Ccn- p-p. AXp- sImv GXv BtZ-i-m {ihn-s- Sm- Xv {ihn- - s- -Xm- bpw, Duln- -s-Sm- Xv Duln-s--Xmbpw \n-bn--s-Sm-Xv \n-bn--s--Xmbpw Xocp-pthm B BtZ-is imkv{X-Nm-tcym-]-tZ-i--sfsmv Adn-b-s-tS hkvXp-hns\ \o Fp-sImp tNmZn-n?

btY l p[nXm _mem amXcw ]p ]mkX Ghw khmWn `qXm-\yn tlm{X ap]m-kX CXn. An tlm{X ap]m-kX CXn.
GXp-{]-Imcw Cu temI-n hni-p _me-m amXm-hns\ Npn-q-Spt\m, AXp-t]mse Fm `qX-fpw An-tlm{Xw D]m-kn-p-p. (hn-Zzms t`mP-\-m temIw apgp- h Xr]v X - a m- b n- o- c p- s av kmcw.) Antlm{X-ap-]m-kX CXn Fp cp {]mhiyw ]d-ncn-p-Xv Aymbw Ah-km-\np Fp ImWn-m-\m-Wv.

Bdmw Aymbw
Hmw Jw
Cu PK-smw {_-n\nv P\n-p- Xpw {_nXs ebn-p-Xpw {_-m Pohn-p-Xpw BsWp aqmw Aym-b-n ]d-n-p-v. {_n \np PK-p-m-hp-Xpw AXns ebn-pXpw AXp-sIm-p-Xs Pohn-p-Xpw Fns\ Fp XpSp ]d-bp-p. Hcp hnZzm t`mP\w sNbvXm PK-

IYw \p `Khx k BtZtim `h-XoXn


Atbm `K-hmt\ B BtZiw GXp-{]-Im-c-n-ep-Xm-Wv. tizX-tIXp tNmZn-p.

bYm tkmssay-tI\ ar]n-t-\-hw hrbw hnmXw kyZzmNm fcw`Ww hnImtcm \ma-t[bw; an tItXyh kXyw

246

bYm tkmssay-tI\ teml-a-Wn\m khw teml abw hnmXw kyZzm-Nm- ffcw` Ww hnImtcm \ma-t[bw; teml-antXy hkXyw bYm tkmssay-tI\ \J \nIrt \khw ImjvWm-bkw hnmXw kymZzmNm ffcw `Ww hnImtcm \ma-t[-bw, teml-an-tXy, h kXyw. bYm tkmssay-tI\ \J Irt t\\ khw ImjvWm-bkw hnmXw ky ffcw`-cWw hnImtcm \ma-t[-bw, IrjvWm bk-an-tXyh kXyw Ghw tkmay k BtZim `h-XoXn
Atbm kuaym, GXp {]Im-c-sa-m Hcp ar]n w sImv arns hnIm-c-am-bn-p--sXmw Adn-b-s-Xm-bn-o-cp-p. hnIm-c-sap ]d-bp-Xv hmns\ B{ibn-p \ma-t[bw am{X-am-bn-cn-p-p. arnI Fp-Xp-Xs kXy-am-bn-p--Xm-Ip-p. Atbm kuaym, Hcp kph-]nw sImv kph-am-bn-p--sXmw Adnb-s--Xm-bn-o-cpw. hnIm-c-sa-p-Xv hmns\ B{i-bnn-cn-p-p. kphw Fp--Xp-Xs kXy-am-bn-p-Xm-Ip-p. Atbm kuaym Fns\ Fm Hcp \Jw hmn-smv Imcn-cp-p-sIm-p--sXmw Adn-b-s--Xmbn-o-cp- p. hnIm-c-sa- p-Xv hmns\ B{i-bn-p \ma-t[-b-am-Ip-p. Imcn-cp-s-pXp kXy-am-bn-p-Xp Xs- bm-bn-cp-p. Atbm kuaym, B BtZiw C-s\bm-Ip-p.

Atbm kuaym, CXv apv kPm-Xo-b-ambn thsd Hnm-Xpw hnPm-Xo-b- ambn thsdm- n-m-Xpw Bb kpam{Xw Bbn-cp-p. Bhn-j-bn Hcp Iq ]d-bp-p. CXv ap]v GIw-am-{X-am-bn-p-Xpw AZzn-Xo-b-hp-amb Akp-X- s- bm-Ip-p. B Ak-n \nv kv Dm-bn.

IpXkvXp Jep tkmssayhw kyZnXn tlmhmN; IY akXx kn-tb-tX-Xn, ktzh tkmtay-Z-a{K Bko-tZI tahm-Zzn-Xo- bw.
Atbm kuaym, GXp {]am-W-n \nmWv C{]Imcw kw`-hn-p-Xv? BNm-cy tNmZn-p. Ak-n \nv kv Fn- s\-bp- mIpw? Fpw ]d-p. Atbm kuaym, Cu PK-vapv GIw Xs-bm-bp--Xpw, AZznXo-bhpw Bb kp-am-{X-am-bn-cp-p.

XssZ X _lpkymw {]Pm-tb-tb-Xn, X-tPm-fkr-PX XXv tXP sFXv _lp kymw {]Pm-tb-tbXn; XZt]m fkr PX, Xkvam-Zy-{X-IzN timNXn tkzZtX hm ]pcp-j-kvtX-Pk Gh XZ-[ymt]m Pmbt
B kv F\np ]e-Xm-IWw F\np {]P-\n-- Ww. Fv Zi\w sNbvXp. B kv tXP-ns\ krjvSn-p. B tXPv F\np ]e-Xm-bn- o-cWw; {]P-\n-Ww Fns\ Zi\w sNbvXp. B tXPv Ap-Isf krjvTn-p. AXn-\m Ftm-gmtWm ]pcp-j kwX-]n- p-I-tbm, tkzZntbm sNp-Xv Atm tXP-n \np-Xs ApI P\n-p-p.

\ ssh \q\w `K-h-kvX G XZ-thZn jpx btZy XZ thZn-jy IYw taXm hy-n-Xn, `Khmw kvtXzh-ta-XZv {_ho-Xzn-Xn, XYm tkmtayXn tlmhmN
`K-hm-m-cmb Fs Kpcp- Ap ]d Cu hkvXp-hs\ Adn-n-n-. Fs-m CXp Adn-n-pm-bn- cpp Fn F\np ]d- p-X-cm- Xn- cp--sX- n-s\bmWv? `K-hm Xs F\nv AXp ]d-p-X-m-epw. Fv tizX-tIXp ]d-p. Atbm ku-\ym, An-s\-bmIs Fv ]nXmhv ]d-p.

Xm B] sF _lzyx kyma {]Pmtb alo-Xn, Xm A-a-kr-P-, Xkvam-Zy-{X-Iz-jN hj-Xn, XtZh `qbn-jvT-aw `hXn BZv`y Gh XZ-[y-mZyw Pmb-tX.
B Ap-I \apv ]e-Xm-I-Ww, {]P-\n-Ww Fv Cun-p. Ah {]Yn-ho-cp-]-amb Aw krn-p. AXv Fhn-sS-bmtWm hjn-p-Xv Ahn-sS-s A[n-I-amb Aw Dm-Ip-p. B AmZyw Ap-I-fn \np-Xs Dm-Ip-p.

cmw Jw
kztZh tkmtay Za{K Bko-tZI tahm ZznXobw; XssI Blpc k tZthZ a{K Bko-tZI tahm-Zzn-Xobw; XkvamZ kXx km-bX

aqmw Jw
tXjmw J tezjmw `qXm\mw {XotWyh _oPm\n `h-y-Pw PohP apZv `n-an-Xn.

247

Cu `qX-v A-n \np P\n- -X,v Poh- \n \np P\n--Xv, DZv`n-n \np P\n-Xv Cs\ aqp am{Xsa _nP--fp-q.

tkbw tZh-ssX-X lm-lan amkvXnt{km tZhXm At\\ Poh t\m ff\m \p{]-hniy \ma-cpt] hymI-c -hm-Wn- Xn.
Cu tZhX Rm Cu aqp tZh-X-I-fn Cu Poh-\mIp Bm-hp