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Oceanography Module #1 Test (1 Hr)

Name: __________________________________________ This test was taken within the allotted time and without any outside help, such as the textbook, notes, or a classmate. _________________________________________ (Parent Signature)

1. Which of the following is not one of the major ocean basins: a. b. c. d. e. Arctic Pacific Antarctic Atlantic Indian

2. How do Geologists explain the differences between the continents and the oceans is caused by: a. the oceans are covered by water and the continents are not b. the chemical differences between rocks on the continents and the rocks under the ocean c. the oceans are deeper than the continents d. the oceans are exposed to salt water while the continents are exposed to fresh water 3. Which of the following is true regarding oceanic crust? a. b. c. d. e. f. g. It is composed of basalt, which is solidified lava. It is denser than continental crust. It is dark in color. It is thinner than continental crust. All of the above Just a and c Just b and d

4. The slow drift of the continents is caused by __________________________ ______________________ . 5. A geologic structure that forms at the location where plates meet is called: a. b. c. d. e. f. mid-ocean ridge trench subduction induction Both a and b None of the above.

6. Describe sea floor spreading and how it contributes to the formation of new sea floor.

7. When two plates collide and one is forced down into the mantle it is called _____________________________ . 8. If you were to stand on the beach and walk along the ocean bottom to the middle of the ocean, in what order would you encounter the following regions? a. Continental slope, abyssal plain, continental rise, continental shelf b. Continental shelf, continental rise, continental slope, abyssal plain c. Continental shelf, continental slope, continental rise, abyssal plain d. Continental rise, continental slope, continental shelf, abyssal plain.

9. The polar nature of water--that one side of a water molecule has a slight positive charge, while the other has a slight negative charge--is responsible for all but one of the following behaviors. Which of the following behaviors is not explained by the polar nature of the water molecule? a. Surface tension b. The decrease of the density of water when it freezes c. Hydrogen bonding d. That water is colorless e. That water takes a lot of energy to raise the temperature (high specific heat) f. The relatively high boiling point of water g. That it dissolves salt 10. Pick one of the behaviors of water that results from its polar nature and explain how it contributes to the habitats we will be studying in marine biology.

11. a. b. c. d.

What causes the water to become more dense? increasing temperature and salinity increasing temperature and decreasing salinity decreasing temperature and increasing salinity decreasing temperature and salinity

12. What two major factors are responsible for the overall wind patterns that cause the ocean currents? a. b. c. d. a. b. c. d. temperature differences and coriolis effect. temperature differences and tides coriolis effect and tides temperature differences and salinity differences

13. Large, mostly circular systems of surface currents driven by the wind are called ______________________________ .

Explain why the temperature of the water off the coast of North Carolina is significantly warmer than the temperature of the water off the coast of Portugal, even though they are roughly the same latitude.

15. What causes the difference between a spring tide and a neap tide? a. The time of year - a spring tide happens in the spring while the neap tide is other times. b. The temperature of the water. When it begins to get warmer, it results in a spring tide. c. The relative position of the sun, the moon and the earth. During full moon and new moon, when sun, moon and earth are aligned, it results in a spring tide. d. Where on the planet you are located. When spring tide happens on one side of the ocean, a neap tide happens on the other. 16. The transitional layer between the warmer water near the surface of the ocean and the colder water deeper in the ocean is called the _____________________ .