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STATISTICS OF ALL THE AERO ENGINES OF PACKARD

Engines are listed in order of their displacement without regard to when the engine was designed or produced, and without regard to what type of engine, (i.e. whether gasoline or Diesel,
etc.). All known Packard aero engines are listed, whether production or experimental. In a few cases if the engine was experimental it is possible it was designed on paper only and no
engine was actually built.
Engine
Model

Date

Type

Number Disp.
Made
cu. in.

1A-258
299
452
1A-744
1A-825
905-1
905-2
905-3
DR-980
DR-980B
L-8
1A-1116
1A-1237
2A-1237
1A-1300
DR-1340
1A-1464
1A-1500
2A-1500
3A-1500
DR-1520
1A-1551
L-12A
L-12B
L-12C
L-12N
L-12E
1A-1650

1922
1916
1917
1919
1921
1916
1917
1917
1928
1931
1917
1919
1920
1923
1923
1932
1924
1924
1925
1927
1932
1921
1917
1918
1918
1918
1918
1919

single
V-12(60)
IL-6
V-8(60)
V-8(60)
V-12(40)
V-12(40)
V-12(40)
R-9(D)
R-9(D)
V-8(45)
V-12(60)
V-12(60)
V-12(60)
V-12(60)
R-9(D)
V-12(60)
V-12(60)
V-12(60)
V-12(60)
R-9(D)
IL-6
V-12(45)
V-12(45)
V-12(45)
V-12(45)
U-12
V-12(45)

1
2
1
9
12
1
1
1
100#
1#
6
6
55#
*
1
2#
*
29#
200#
19#
1
13
5346
6
3
1501
1
80#

258
299
452
744
825
905
905
905
980
980
1100
1116
1237
1237
1300
1340
1464
1498
1530
1530
1520
1551
1650
1650
1650
1650
1650
1650

Weight
lb.
500
542
547
800
990
550
590
525
733
734
684
1050
720D
880G
915G
1050
1138
858
858
1136
860

Bore

Stroke

6 5/8
2 21/32
4
4 3/4
5
4
4
4
4 13/16
4 13/16
5
4 3/4
5
5
5 1/8
5 1/2
5 3/8
5 3/8
5 3/8
5 3/8
5 3/4
6 5/8
5
5
5
5
5
5

7 1/2
4 1/2
6
5 1/4
5 1/4
6
6
6
6
6
7
5 1/4
5 1/4
5 1/4
5 1/4
6 1/4
5 3/8
5 1/2
5 1/2
5 1/2
6 1/2
7 1/2
7
7
7
7
7
7

Valves
/Cyl

Rated HP Max HP
RPM
RPM
BMEP

4
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
1
2
2
2
2
2
4

** 50/1500
100/2300
**140/2000
@180/1600
@230/1800
@235/1800
275/2000
285/2000
@225/1950
280/2100
275/1700
@270/1600
@315/1600
315/1600
@375/1700
550/2100
**475/2000
@500/2000
@500/2000
@500/2000
550/2100
@300/1400
@410/1750
@420/1750
@400/1750
360/1700
400/1700
420/1750

4
4
4
4
4
2
2
2
2
2
2

120
130/3300
200/2000 115
235/1900 137
250/2050 120
240/2000

94
108
315/1900 123
370/2100 125
400/2300 131
400/2300
460/2200 137
77
520/2200 134
620/2500 142
600/2500 140
68
350/1500 123
430/1900 120
446/1900 125
420/1900 116
390/1900 110
120
446/1900 122

Price

Remarks

1M-1551 test engine


299 racer engine
6 cyl. aero exp.
$14658 OHC
$14860
OHC
OHC
OHC
OHC, called 1A-905
$4025
1st Diesel to fly
exp.
(Packard 1A-1100)
$18625 OHC
$8986
OHC
proposed, built? OHC
OHC
2-cycle
1st redesign of 1A-1300
$12000DI, $17345G OHC
$12000DI, $17345G OHC wt. 780D
$12000DI, $17345G OHC wt. 800D
2-cycle
$16000 OHV
$4000 to $5625 5 exp. & 5341 prod.
epicyclic geared
spur geared
low comp. Navy
Duplex- 2 crankshafts
$4500
Packards post war
Liberty

Packard-Built Rolls-Royce Merlin engines (V-1650 and Merlin models listed below) totaled 55,873. Production figures by individual model are known for the US models (V-1650)
and are listed by each model. They are not currently known for the British models (Merlin). All were DOHC engines.
(Note that Continental also built 897 V-1650 engines, models quantities as follows: V-1650-3: 2, V-1650-7: 752, V-1650-9: 124, V-1650-17: 19)
V-1650-1 1941
V-1650-3 1943
V-1650-5 1944
V-1650-7 1943
V-1650-9 1944
V-1650-11 1945
V-1650-13 1944
V-1650-15 1944
V-1650-17 1944
V-1650-19 1945
V-1650-21 1945
V-1650-23 1945
V-1650-25 1945
Merlin 28 1941
Merlin 29 1941
Merlin 31 1941
Merlin 33 1943
Merlin 38 1943
Merlin 68 1943
Merlin 69 1943
Merlin 224 1944
Merlin 225 1944

V-12(S60) 2760
V-12(S60) 5851
V-12(S60) ?
V-12(S60) 6325
V-12(S60) 1460
V-12(S60) 2
V-12(S60) ?
V-12(S60 ?
V-12(S60) 2
V-12(S60) 2
V-12(S60) ?
V-12(S60) 40
V-12(S60) 40
V-12(S60)
V-12(S60)
V-12(S60)
V-12(S60)
V-12(S60)
V-12(S60)
V-12(S60)
V-12(S60)
V-12(S60)

1649
1649
1649
1649
1649
1649
1649
1649
1649
1649
1649
1649
1649
1649
1649
1649
1649
1649
1649
1649
1649
1649

1510
1700
1575
1715
1725
1715
1700
1575
1715
1770
1750
1725
1760
1475
1475
1475
1500
1500
1675
1675
1500
1500

5.4
5.4
5.4
5.4
5.4
5.4
5.4
5.4
5.4
5.4
5.4
5.4
5.4
5.4
5.4
5.4
5.4
5.4
5.4
5.4
5.4
5.4

6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6

4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

1385/3000
1280/3000
1280/3000
1315/3000
1380/3000
1380/3000
1280/3000
1280/3000
1315/3000
1350/3000
1380/3000
1380/3000
1380/3000
1385/3000
1385/3000
1385/3000
1385/3000
1385/3000
1315/3000
1315/3000
1125/3000
1125/3000

1435/3000
1600/3000
1600/3000
1720/3000
2280/3000
2280/3000
1600/3000
1600/3000
1720/3000
2200/3000
2280/3000
2280/3000
2280/3000
1460/3000
1460/3000
1460/3000
1460/3000
1460/3000
1710/3000
1710/3000
1600/3000
1600/3000

cost was $13286 to


$17185 for single stage engines.
360
360
cost was $12548 to
$15867 for two stage engines.
360
360
360

Engine
Model

Date

Type

Number Disp.
Made
cu. in.

Weight
lb.

Bore

Merlin 266P1944
Merlin 300 1945
Merlin 301 1945

V-12(S60)
V-12(S60)
V-12(S60)

1649
1649
1649

1675
1675
1675

5.4
5.4
5.4

DR-1655 1932
1A-2025 1920

R-9(D)
1
V-12(60) 11#

1655
2025

1150
1142D

1A-2200
1D-2270
1A-2500
2A-2500
3A-2500
4A-2500
5A-2500
1A-2775
1A-2775
2A-2775
W-1
W-1-A
W-1-B
1A-3000
W-2
1A-5000
2A-5000
3A-5000

V-12(60) 1
V-16(TD60) 5
V-12(60) 6#
V-12(60) 75#
V-12(60) 175#
V-12(S60) 1
V-12(S60) 1
X-24(60) 1
X-24(S60) 1
X-24(S60) 1
W-18(40) 4
W-18(40) 5#
W-18(40) 5#
H-24
*
W-18(40) 2#
X-24(60) *
H-24
*
X-24(90) *

2205
2272
2540
2540
2540
2540
2540
2775
2775
2775
2832
2832
2832
2350
4980
5080
5080
5080

1923
1952
1924
1925
1926
1927
193?
1927
1928
1935
1921
1923
1923
193?
1923
1939
1939
1939

4395
1120
1120
1385(G)
1640
1430
1513
1635
1722
1720
1770

2830
2750

Valves
Stroke /Cyl
6
6
6

4
4
4

1315/3000 1710/3000
1660/3000 2075/3000
1660/3000 2075/3000

6
5 3/4

6 1/2
6 1/2

1
4

550/2100
125
@550/1800 600/2000 125

6
5 3/8
6 3/8
6 3/8
6 3/8
6 3/8
6 3/8
5 3/8
5 3/8
5 3/8
5 1/2
5 1/2
5 1/2
5 3/8
6 1/2
6 3/8
6 3/8
6 3/8

6 1/2
6 1/4
6 1/2
6 1/2
6 1/2
6 1/2
6 1/2
5
5
5
6 1/2
6 1/2
6 1/2
5 1/2
7 1/2
6 1/2
6 1/2
6 1/2

4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

600/1800
680/2000
@800/2000 900/2300
800/2000 850/2500
800/2000 850/2500
@800/2000 900/2600
@900/2000 950/2200
1500/2500 1750/2800
1200/2600 1250/2700
1400/2600 1500/2700
1900/2800
@710/1700 804/1900
700/1700
800/1800
700/1700
800/1800
2000/2800 2350/3000
**1000/1700
3500
3000/2500 3500/2700
3500

Engine
model

Date

XJ41
XJ49
J47

1946
1948
1952

Type
Turbo-Jet
Turbo-Fan
Turbo-Jet

Number
made
7#
1
3025

Weight
1100
3000
2389

Rated HP Max HP
RPM
RPM
BMEP

Thrust
4000
10000
5400

Price

JET ENGINES

140
130
135
190
150
196
135
185
142
190

Price

Remarks

Exp. Diesel
OHC
(wt.w./mag.1172)
OHC (made as 6 cyl.)
DOHC
OHC
$19375G OHC
$15625D, $19375G OHC
OHC
OHC experimental
$25000 OHC
$35000 supercharged OHC
exp. supercharged
Air Service-designed
and Packard-built
OHC
OHC H exp.
Air Service designed OHC
OHC exp.
OHC exp.
exp. sleeve valve
$20538

Remarks

Experimental turbojet. 7 were contracted


Experimental fan jet. Highest thrust jet built up to that time.
$44340* GE turbojet built for Air Force under license

# = Exact production figures for non-automotive engines have in most cases not survived. Estimated figures given are from sources such as military contracts,
serial number information contained in Packard manuals and Packard engineering papers, and are considered accurate within 5%.
* = an engine design which may not have been constructed. If it was, only one or two prototypes would have been built.
** = estimated
Type - IL= in-line
V= vee configuration
R= radial
W= broad arrow configuration with three banks of cylinders.
X= x configuration with four banks of cylinders.
Following the configuration designation will be the number of cylinders. Following that in ( ) will be the following:
S if supercharged, T if turbocharged, D if Diesel and the included angle between the cylinder banks in the case of
V, W and X engines. All Packard radial engines were air-cooled. All other types were water-cooled.
Price - Prices of military-contracted engines may be give as a range or an average (*) as they varied depending or production rates. If no price is quoted, it is either
not known or the engine is of an experimental nature and the unit cost of such a small quantity would be astronomical and meaningless.
D = direct drive.
DI = direct drive, inverted configuration.
G = reduction geared propeller drive.
@ = A factory power graph has been found for this engine.
If particular technical data is unavailable for any model (which is the case for many experimental engines), that location will be left blank or estimated if it may be
done with reasonable accuracy.
Any positions left blank are either because it does not apply (valves in sleeve valve engines for example) or because the data is unknown.

This information was compiled by Robert J. Neal while writing the book Master Motor Builders.