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Lesson Plan (Social Studies II) Topic: The Philippines as a State

I. Objectives By the end of this lesson, the students should be able to A. explain how a country becomes a state; B. discuss the elements of a state; C. compare and contrast a nation and a state; D. explain why the Philippines is a state; and E. infer the importance of being a state. II. Values 1. The students understand the importance of a country being a state. 2. The students recognize their role as citizens of the state. 3.The students realize the significance of a countrys sovereignty. III. Materials flash cards for the four elements of the statecitizen, territory, government, sovereignty IV. Teaching the Lesson A. Preliminary Activities 1. Ask the students to share what they know about the concepts of state and nation. Elicit and discuss as many answers as possible. Discuss important points raised by the students. 2. Let the students share their views on the importance of freedom in a country. Discuss briefly the answers given by the students. B. Lesson Development 1. Explain the importance of freedom in a country. Then ask, Do you consider the Philippines as a free country? Explain. 2. Discuss how a country becomes a state. 3. Post on the board flash cards for the four elements of a state. Discuss each element in detail. Cite examples that illustrate each element. 4. Explain the differences between a nation and a state. 5. Discuss why the Philippines is considered a state. 6. Let the students share their ideas on the importance of a nation being a state.

Lesson Plan (Social Studies II) Topic: The Philippines as a State


V. Evaluation A. Have the students identify the following: 1. The most important element of the state (people) 2. The power of the state to implement laws (sovereignty) 3. The land where the people of a state live (territory) 4. The smallest state in the world based on population (Vatican City) 5. An institution that implements the laws and rules that express the desires of the state (government) B. Have the students explain in their own words the following elements of a state: 1. citizens 2. territory 3. government 4. sovereignty C. Let the students write a four-paragraph essay on the importance of the Philippines being a state. D. Let the students write a three-paragraph essay on why the people are considered as the most important element of a state. VI. Enrichment A. Have the students gather pictures and articles that will serve as proof that the Philippines is a state. Let them compile these pictures and articles on a scrapbook. B. Have the students make a diagram of the fundamental differences between a state and a nation. C. Have the students explain how a nation with a government cannot be considered a state. Let them cite five examples.