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Sutton Trust

The

Contents
Foreword Social mobility University admissions Open Access Alumni networks Education Endowment Foundation Early years School travel and admissions Teaching Pupil destinations University funding Access to the professions Global comparators International work Rigorous evaluation Raising aspirations Sutton Trust Grants 1997-2012 4 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34 36 38

Fifteen years ago I established the Sutton Trust. Since then it has become the leading voice for improving social mobility through education in England.

My passion for social mobility comes from my own background and experiences. I am the son of a Viennese migr and grew up in very modest circumstances in Yorkshire before moving to Surrey at age 11. After attending state schools there, I was lucky enough to get into Oxford and after completing an MBA at the London Business School I moved to Boston to work for the Boston Consulting Group. A few years later I joined a client in New York before setting up my own firm, the Sutton Company, to get into a new field which became private equity, where over 14 years I acquired and built up many successful businesses. What prompted me to set up the Sutton Trust in 1997 was what I found when I returned to Britain in the mid-nineties after 20 years abroad. I was shocked and appalled by what had happened to opportunities for bright children from nonprivileged backgrounds. First, I visited my old school, Reigate Grammar, which was an independent school where all the places were state-funded and free when I was there. Before state funding of independent schools was abolished in 1976, 70 per cent of independent day schools were principally state funded. Today, most of

them, including my old school, charge full fees with very few free places. Along with most of my classmates, I would now be excluded on financial grounds. Then, my Oxford college discovered I had made some money. I was invited to have lunch with the President. In my day, the college took a number of students from South Wales, all working class, most of them brilliant. The President who was Welsh himself told me it had not taken any Welsh students in the last 10 years. I wondered what would happen today to my fellow students, many of whom have gone on to be very successful. I found out that in the 1970s, two-thirds of the entry to Oxford was from state or state funded schools and by 1997 it had dropped to 46 per cent. We had gone backwards big time. Rising inequality and a socially segregated education system had led to a decline in social mobility. What improvements there had been in education had been disproportionately gained by the better off. I could see that the opportunities for bright children from nonprivileged backgrounds were poor and had got worse. I felt I wanted to do something about it.

Thats why I set up the Sutton Trust. I was determined to do what I could to address the waste of talent in Britain. The Trust is a do-tank where we undertake research and fund projects, thoroughly evaluating them so that they can be scaled up successfully. Since 1997, the Trust has commissioned over 120 research studies and funded over 200 programmes helping tens of thousands of young people and addressing social mobility. Weve worked at every phase of a child and young persons development, from the early years, through primary and secondary school, into university and the professions. We have set up summer schools to encourage bright school students to apply to leading universities, including Oxford and Cambridge, and this year for the first time at Yale and other top US universities. We have promoted Open Access admissions for independent schools on a needs blind basis and shown it can be done with great success at Belvedere School in Liverpool.

Sutton Trust | Fifteen at fifteen | Foreword

Sutton Trust | Fifteen at fifteen | Foreword

The Trust is a do-tank where we undertake research and fund projects, thoroughly evaluating them so that they can be scaled up successfully.
Sir Peter Lampl

from Government and is developing solutions to intractable issues of underachievement among the poorest pupils. All this has made a difference, not least in improving university access, breaking down barriers between private and state schools, improving teacher training, and promoting more early learning for young children. The Sutton Trust has placed social mobility at the top of the political agenda. The coalition now publishes an annual audit on progress. Our social mobility summit in May heard major speeches from Nick Clegg, Michael Gove, and Ed Miliband. This report is a celebration of just some of the projects and research we have done, and their impact. None of this would have been possible without the dedication and hard work of the partners we have worked with our grant recipients in schools, universities and charities; the academics and researchers we have commissioned; the policymakers who have embraced our recommendations; and our supporters in other Foundations and businesses as well as individual philanthropists.

I want to thank them all. Finally, Id like to thank the rest of the Sutton Trust team for making a real difference over the past 15 years. And although we have made a significant impact in those 15 years, there is still a huge amount to do to make Britain a more mobile society. In the years ahead, the Trust will continue to shine a light on the inequities of our education system and will support and advocate practical ways to make it fairer for non-privileged young people.

We have published some of the most influential research of the last decade, showing that social mobility in Britain declined significantly over the last 30 years. We look not just at the British context but at the international context too, drawing on research from the US and across the developed world. Our approach is to research the issues, fund programmes that address them, and evaluate those programmes thoroughly. Thats the philosophy too of the Education Endowment Foundation, which the Sutton Trust set up in 2011 as the lead charity in partnership with Impetus. It is funded with 135 million

Sir Peter Lampl


November 2012

Sutton Trust | Fifteen at fifteen | Foreword

Sutton Trust | Fifteen at fifteen | Foreword

Social mobility research


The Sutton Trust has commissioned over 120 pieces of research over the last fifteen years. The most ground-breaking was in 2005 when researchers from the London School of Economics compared the life chances of British children with those in other advanced countries.
The research found that social mobility how someones adult outcomes relate to their circumstances as a child had declined in Britain between children born in 1958 and those born in 1970. It also showed that it was lower than in Canada, Germany, Sweden, Norway, Denmark and Finland, and on a par with the United States. Comparing children born in the 1950s and the 1970s the researchers found a strong and increasing relationship between family income and educational attainment. Additional opportunities to stay in education at 16 and 18 disproportionately benefited those from better off backgrounds. For a more recent cohort born in the early 1980s the gap between those staying on in education at age 16 narrowed, but inequality of access to higher education widened further. While the proportion of graduates from the poorest fifth of families increased from 6 to 9 per cent, the graduation rates for the richest fifth rose from 20 to 47 per cent. More recent research by Professor Miles Corak, a world-leading expert on social mobility from the University of Ottawa, for a Sutton Trust-Carnegie social mobility summit of Anglophone countries in 2012 showed that the UK and US were much less socially mobile than Canada and Australia.
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Since 1997, the Sutton Trust has placed the issue of social mobility at the heart of the political debate in Britain. The Deputy Prime Minister Nick Clegg has introduced annual social mobility indicators to Government. Labour Prime Minister Gordon Brown appointed the former cabinet minister Alan Milburn to investigate fair access to the professions in 2009. The coalition government has since made him its social mobility tsar. These moves reflect the importance placed on the issue by the political parties. While the Trust has succeeded in focusing the public debate on social mobility, and achieving a degree of political consensus on its importance as an issue, the challenge is to turn this consensus into more radical approaches in the early years, schools, and university admissions.

The Sutton Trust over the past fifteen years has done an extraordinary job of campaigning for social mobility and equal opportunity in this country, and also making it happen.
Ed Miliband, Leader of the Opposition

Sutton Trust | Fifteen at fifteen | Social mobility


Summer Schools
Young people from non-privileged homes are much less likely to go to university than those from better off homes.
While evidence suggests that the key reason for low participation is low attainment in A-levels, the Sutton Trust has shown that there are 3,000 state school students each year (with 30,000 places) who gain the grades needed to attend one of the 13 leading universities, but do not do so. This is one reason why the Sutton Trust has funded summer schools at leading universities throughout our 15-year history. The week long, campus-based summer school gives bright students from non-privileged homes a taste of life at a leading university. Since 1997, more than 10,000 young people have benefited from Sutton Trust summer schools, and the model has been adopted by the Government and other universities. The scheme is aimed at students who are the first generation in their family to attend university, and are from schools with low levels of attainment and progression to top universities. Sutton Trust summer schools are currently run at Bristol, Cambridge, Durham, Edinburgh, Imperial College London, Kings College London, Nottingham, St Andrews and University College London, reaching almost 2,000 young people every year.

Firstly youve got the other students on the course who, delightfully , are all the same as me. Secondly, we had current undergraduates who were helping out on the Summer School and who knew the University inside and out, so they could tell you exactly what to expect and what the place was like.
Leigh Fletcher, Research Fellow at Oxford University. Undergraduate at Cambridge University, Cambridge summer school

Inuence
With its university summer schools, the Sutton Trust helped make the issue of access to universities an important part of Government policy. As Education Secretary, David Blunkett drew on the Sutton Trust model to develop summer schools to encourage young people from poorer backgrounds to go into higher education. Between 2003-04 and 2007-08, 41,000 young people attended 1,350 government-funded summer schools. In 2012, Cambridge University announced that 63 per cent of its students came from state schools, up from 52 per cent in 1997. Since 1997, the number of state school students admitted to our leading 13 universities has increased from 16,900 to 21,935 in 2010/11. Sir Martin Harris, the first Director of the Office for Fair Access (OFFA), stated: There now appears to be sufficient evidence to extend summer schools targeted at the most able, along the lines of the Sutton Trust summer schools.

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Sutton Trust | Fifteen at fifteen | University admissions

Photograph Howard Barlow / Telegraph Media Group Limited 2005

The Belvedere pilot


Only seven per cent of pupils attend Englands fee-paying independent schools, but their alumni are disproportionately represented in the professions and at top universities. Since 1976, independent day schools, 70 per cent of which were once principally state funded, have become fee-paying, putting them out of the reach of most families.
The Sutton Trust believes that these schools should once again be open to all students on the basis of ability rather than ability to pay. Between 2000 and 2007, the Trust co-funded, with the Girls Day School Trust, a pilot scheme at The Belvedere (an independent girls day school in Liverpool) introducing needsblind admission based on academic merit. Parents paid according to means on a sliding scale. 30 per cent paid no fees at all; 40 per cent paid partial fees; and 30 per cent paid full fees. An outreach officer worked with state primaries to encourage their brightest pupils to apply. In the first year, there were more than 367 applications for 72 places, compared to 130 before the scheme started. The entry procedures were selective but assessed potential to allow for home and school background. A Buckingham University evaluation found academic standards improved, and it was a happy place to learn and teach. With parents paying 45 per cent of the fees, the cost per pupil to the sponsors was less than the cost per pupil at the average state school. Belvedere is the blueprint for a national scheme, backed by government funding, which would open independent day schools to all on a means-tested basis.
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More than 80 leading independent day schools have so far declared they would back such a state-funded Open Access scheme, which would benefit more than 30,000 able students. These include King Edwards Birmingham, Manchester Grammar, and Westminster School. The Trust helped create Independent State School Partnerships, which it co-funded with the Department for Education in 1998. An Ofsted evaluation in 2005 concluded that the programme was a valuable and cost-effective way to develop relationships between the two school sectors. The independent-state school debate has also led governments to encourage some independent schools to sponsor academies or free schools. However, without a national Open Access scheme, access to the best private day schools will remain based on money not merit.

I dont think Id have ended up where I am today if it hadnt been for the opportunity. What the teachers gave us was above and beyond the call of duty. As someone who couldnt have paid for extra private tuition if Id needed it, I got the extra teaching I needed.
Nneka Cummins, Belvedere School, current student at Durham University

Sutton Trust | Fifteen at fifteen | Open Access

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Future First
The old school tie network has long been used by those educated in fee-paying schools to improve the educational and work opportunities available to them and their families. While achieving a good education is important in many professions, so is access to the right networks for internships, introductions, and inuence.
Many state school or college students leave the school gates after their final A-level exam never to return. Private schools make sure they stay in touch with their old boys and girls. They bring them back as guest speakers for careers talks and raise donations to improve the equipment, resources, and activities available to students at their schools. There are hundreds of thousands of people who were educated in state schools and went on to leading universities and interesting careers who have an enormous amount to give back. This is why the Trust became involved in the work of Future First a social enterprise founded to build networks of former students to advise and inform state school students about future career and education opportunities in 2009. Future First provides an alumni database to all the schools in its network, allowing them to track, engage, and mobilise their school leavers and older alumni. They also help schools to organise alumni-careers events to mentor current students. The Trust has given Future First financial support for continuing work at Feltham Community College, and helped to measure the impact of their work. With a 250,000 grant from the Office for Civil Society and a part-matching grant from ZING, Future First is expanding to work across 500 state schools in England.

The power of the Future First events was that all the successful people there went to my school. I want to go into law and to know that people from my area have done. That makes a difference it makes it possible for me.
Tasneem Alom, beneciary of Future First

Inuence
There is a growing public debate about the importance of internships and having the right contacts. The Deputy Prime Minister, Nick Clegg, is a leading advocate for widening access to internships within the coalition government. The decision to award 250,000 from the Cabinet Offices Social Action Fund to Future First in 2012 is a sign of the growing importance placed by Government on this issue. The funding is helping develop alumni networks in 500 schools, and there is evidence that the Future First model is popular. YouGov polling showed that 91 per cent of current state school students would prefer alumni networks to the traditional system of relying solely on in-school careers advisers.

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Sutton Trust | Fifteen at fifteen | Alumni networks

Sutton Trust | Fifteen at fifteen | Alumni networks

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Improving results
The Sutton Trust, as the lead charity in partnership with Impetus, was awarded in 2011 a 125 million grant by the Government to establish the Education Endowment Foundation (EEF).
The Education Endowment Foundation (EEF), also chaired by Sir Peter Lampl, challenges educational disadvantage, shares evidence, and finds out what works. A further 10m was awarded this year for a primary to secondary school transition programme. The EEF seeks proposals for projects from schools, teachers, local authorities, and charities to improve the performance of poor pupils in the countrys most challenging schools. The focus is on supporting innovation and scaling up programmes with a measurable impact on attainment. All the programmes it funds are rigorously evaluated by leading academic teams, and the EEF will work to develop those that are cost-effective. It is expected that over 200 million will be allocated in total over the 15-year lifetime of the programme with extra money from fund-raising and investment returns creating a lasting educational legacy for hundreds of thousands of disadvantaged children.
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This country has one of the most segregated and stratified education systems in the developed world, and all the international evidence shows that other countries are racing ahead of us in the education league tables. Thats why this Government wholeheartedly supports the work of the EEF targeting funding at innovative projects and finding the most effective ways to drive up educational standards for the poorest and most disadvantaged children in our country.
Michael Gove, Secretary of State for Education

Inuence
Among the programmes being supported by the EEF are:
Achieve Together: Three independent charities Teach First, Teaching Leaders and Future Leaders working together to attract, retain, and develop good teachers, middle leaders, and heads to raise standards in schools for disadvantaged pupils. Peer to peer tutoring: A team at Durham University will develop and implement a shared maths programme in which older primary school pupils tutor younger ones in mathematics. Tutor Trust: A new charity to deliver one-to-one and small-group tuition to disadvantaged pupils in the Manchester area using undergraduate and recent graduate mentors. The EEF is already seen as the organisation that most effectively trials evidence-based programmes to narrow the attainment gap between the poorest children and their classmates. In its first year alone, the EEF agreed to fund 21 programmes at a cost of 12 million reaching 940 primary and secondary schools and benefiting 245,000 children which are helping policymakers and teachers to evaluate and scale up the those that will do most to narrow the attainment gap. A second round of nine programmes was announced in 2012 that will help 19,000 children in 325 schools.

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Sutton Trust | Fifteen at fifteen | Education Endowment Foundation

Sutton Trust | Fifteen at fifteen | Education Endowment Foundation

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PEEP
The Sutton Trust has always recognised the importance of supporting children from birth to improve their long term life chances, and encouraging parents as the primary educators.
Research for the Sutton Trust has shown that children growing up in the poorest fifth of families are already almost a year and a half behind children from high income families when they start school at age five. For eight years, the Sutton Trust supported Parents Early Years Partnership (PEEP), a programme first developed in Oxford. It promotes awareness of childrens very early learning and development from birth by encouraging parents to make the most of everyday activities and interactions. The programme encourages parents to gain new skills themselves. The Trust has particularly supported PEEP in home visiting for vulnerable families and their work in health clinics, and by helping parents to support their child in the transition from home to preschool. The flagship project was Room to Play, based in a busy shopping centre in a low income area, which connected with isolated families who did not usually access early years services. An Oxford University evaluation found that this was a unique and effective project.

Inuence
Following our research looking into gaps in cognitive attainment between rich and poor school age children we made a strong case for narrowing these gaps by focusing on the expansion of nursery places for children from age two from the most disadvantaged homes. We argued that plans to extend the existing number of free nursery education hours each week for all three and four year olds should focus on intensive support for two to four year olds from the 15 per cent most disadvantaged families. In 2010, the coalition announced that it would provide 15 hours a week of early education to disadvantaged two year-olds, in addition to three and four year-olds. Now, the Trust is making the case for a much betterqualified early years workforce. In partnership with Impetus, we are investing 3 million over five years in organisations that contribute to narrowing the gap in school readiness.

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Sutton Trust | Fifteen at fifteen | Early years

Sutton Trust | Fifteen at fifteen | Early years

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School Buses
Access to affordable and efficient school transport has huge social, environmental, and economic benefits.
The Sutton Trust argued for a national school bus scheme in the UK to improve school choice for non-privileged families and cut back on the environmentally-damaging school run. Our report No More School Run, in 2005, urged the Government to legislate for a national network of dedicated school buses. Published with the Social Market Foundation and Policy Exchange, the report warned that Government efforts to increase school choice are thwarted if parents have no alternative but to send their children to the nearest school because of a lack of affordable transport. The report showed that poorer families are less likely to travel outside their immediate area to school because of cost concerns. Children from the poorest 20 per cent of households typically travel just over a mile to school, compared with an average of two and a half miles for the 20 per cent from the richest households. School buses help to extend school choice to all. The Trust has also recognised the importance of fairer admissions to state schools, and argued for ballots to determine urban school intakes. With ballots, all applications are treated equally often within a defined radius of the school and places are allocated randomly.
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Inuence
An Ipsos MORI survey for the Trust in 2007 found that nearly as many parents 32 per cent felt that ballots were the fairest way to determine admissions for oversubscribed secondary schools as they felt that it was fairest to decide based on how near parents live to the school 35 per cent. A similar result was found for faith schools. Trust research has shown that the 200 highestperforming comprehensives have a free school meal intake that is around a third of the national average, so fairer admissions backed by free transport is vital in redressing the balance. Although a national bus scheme has yet to be taken up, the Blair government took on board key recommendations from the 2005 Sutton Trust report No More School Run in its flagship Education and Inspections Act 2006. The legislation made significant changes to the existing law by allowing disadvantaged pupils access to free transport to any of the three suitable secondary schools closest to their home, where these schools are between two and six miles away. At the same time, the admissions code allowed individual schools that were their own admissions authorities including faith schools, foundation schools, and academies to use ballots for admissions, and a number of urban schools are now doing so.

Sutton Trust | Fifteen at fifteen | School travel and admissions

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Teach First
International research has shown how good teaching is at the heart of the worlds best education systems.
The Sutton Trust played a key role in the development of Teach First, a programme designed to recruit the best graduates to teach in inner city schools. Graduates from leading universities, including Oxford and Cambridge, commit to spending at least two years in the classroom before deciding whether to stay in teaching or follow another career. Since its Foundation in 2002, Teach First has placed over 2,500 teachers in schools in challenging circumstances. Teach First has 1,000 trainees in September 2012, and has become one of the top graduate recruiters. But the Trust also believes that more is needed to improve teaching. LSE and Stanford University research, funded by the Trust, has shown that there is a big difference in impact between having an effective and a poorly performing maths teacher. The impact is particularly important for pupils from lower income backgrounds. The Trust is commissioning further research into effective teaching to identify the best approaches to develop the existing workforce.
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1 000
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The Sutton Trust has played an important role in the development of Teach First since its inception. Sir Peter Lampl first introduced Wendy Kopp, founder of Teach for America, to government policymakers, and later recommended that the Teach First programme be extended to primary schools. Our Teach Primary report argued that primary schools serving poorer communities should have the same opportunities as secondary schools to recruit high calibre graduates. The coalitions first education White Paper, The Importance of Teaching, announced plans to extend Teach First to primary schools and to develop a new employment based route to attract talented professionals with strong academic records and interpersonal skills. In 2011 84 Teach First graduates were officially placed in primary schools and Teach First announced a new primary-focused training programme.

Number of trainees in Teach First as of September 2012

Sutton Trust | Fifteen at fifteen | Teaching

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Destination Data
By charting which universities state school students attend, the Sutton Trust has documented the extent to which bright, non-privileged pupils often fail to fulfil their potential.
In July 2011, the Trust revealed that the five top independent fee-paying schools won as many places at Oxbridge as 2,000 state schools and colleges combined. The figures not only reflected differences in A-level results; they also revealed different progression rates to the most selective universities for pupils from schools with similar average examination results. Regular tracking of university admissions by the Trust has shown that there are 3,000 state school students who each year achieve the A-levels necessary to enter our leading universities, but who, for a variety of reasons, do not end up there. The Trusts 2011 report saw the first ever publication of figures detailing the higher education destinations of pupils from all schools with sixth forms and colleges in England. In 2012, the Government published such statistics for the first time officially for all state schools and colleges. The aim of the tables is to provide an alternative way of measuring the impact of schools showing what happens to young people after they have left alongside the examination results that are currently published.

Inuence
The 2011 study found:
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Two grammar schools with almost identical A-level results, where one recorded 65 per cent of students going to top universities while the other managed only 28 per cent. At two low-scoring comprehensives, with near identical results, almost 70 per cent of 18 year olds applied to higher education at one; only 33 per cent in the other. Cockermouth School in Cumbria secured places at top universities for 37 per cent of its sixth formers including nine at Oxbridge over the three years.

The Department for Educations decision to publish national data on pupil destinations for the first time, as part of the Governments transparency agenda, reflected a Sutton Trust recommendation in a 2010 report designed to ensure that less privileged pupils benefit from the Coalition Governments school reforms. In July 2012, the Government published tables showing what happened to young people from every state school, college, and local authority. The new measure shows the destinations of pupils after leaving school, whether they enter higher education, apprenticeships, or the workplace.

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Sutton Trust | Fifteen at fifteen | Pupil destinations

Sutton Trust | Fifteen at fifteen | Pupil destinations

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Endowments
American universities are able to draw on endowment funds that make it much easier for them to attract and support able students from less privileged backgrounds.
Among UK universities, only Oxford and Cambridge have funds anywhere near as large as most US universities. The Sutton Trust has long argued for strengthening university endowments at British universities. It has compared the size of endowment funds at US and UK universities and promoted helped a government match-funding scheme to improve the capacity of universities to raise money from alumni and other potential donors. Large endowment funds at leading US universities allow them actively to recruit the brightest and best students, regardless of background. Yales endowment stands at over 12 billion while Imperial College Londons is just 75.6 million. These huge resources mean that students from low and middle income homes at many top US universities pay no tuition fees, no living costs, and have no debts on graduation.

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Independent Commission on Fees
The Sutton Trust has established the Independent Commission on Fees to analyse the impact of the biggest higher education reforms in a generation the tripling of tuition fees to 9,000 a year at most universities. The Commission has already used university admissions data to show that applications in 2012 dropped by 8.8 per cent in the first year of higher fees. This is 37,000 down compared with the 201011 academic year, and includes 15,000 young people who are likely to have been deterred by the higher fees. Further reports will track the changes over the first three years of the higher fees. Tony Blair announced a national match-funding scheme in 2007, which operated from 2008-2011. The scheme gave universities additional funding dependent on their existing fundraising capacity and experience. Money helped develop fundraising capacity where it was needed, raising 580 million for UK universities and attracting 140 million in matched funding from government. Tony Blair paid tribute to the Sutton Trust as he announced the scheme. We have listened to the evidence collected by Professor Eric Thomas and by the Sutton Trust, and I believe the time is right, the former Prime Minister said. Endowments fit very well with a sector that has increased autonomy, greater specialisation, and a strong pursuit of excellence. However, there is still far to go to match US universities, so the Trust continues to argue for simpler tax treatment of philanthropic giving. With tuition fees of 9,000 a year for most courses, the case is growing for means-testing fees, as happens at leading US universities.

12 billion+

Yales endowment funds

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Sutton Trust | Fifteen at fifteen | University funding

Sutton Trust | Fifteen at fifteen | University funding

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Pathways to Law
The Sutton Trust has documented the barriers in access to the professions and developed practical programmes to break down those barriers.
In 2005, our research showed how the top legal jobs including those in the judiciary were dominated by those who had attended fee-paying independent schools. Three quarters of UK-educated judges and 68 per cent of leading barristers had been privately educated, as well as over half the partners of Magic Circle law firms. Since 2007, the Trust has worked with the College of Law and leading law firms and universities to support the 4 million Pathways to Law programme for academically-able students from non-privileged backgrounds interested in a career in law. Modelled on an Edinburgh University scheme, Pathways to Law comprises: university-based sessions, including academic lectures and seminars; careers and university advice; e-mentoring by current law students; a work placement with a law firm; a three-night residential; and the use of a law library. Almost 2,000 students have benefited from the scheme. The Trust is now looking to expand the Pathways to Law project and develop it in other professions. The Trust has recently started working with the University of Reading on a Pathways to Property scheme to widen access to careers in real estate, an industry with too few young people from nonprivileged backgrounds.
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Alan Milburn was commissioned by Labour and the coalition governments to look at access and social mobility. In his 2012 report, Alan Milburn said that the legal sector was making real efforts to address fair access and social mobility. Within the legal profession there is now considerable support for the Pathways to Law programme. The programme was initially launched with the support of Cherie Booth QC, and has enjoyed the consistent backing of the Law Society and the Bar Council. More recently, more than 80 law firms have backed PRIME, a programme supported by the Sutton Trust and the Law Society, to provide quality work experience for disadvantaged young people.

Being able to attend a work placement helped me so much as it gave me a better understanding of law, enabled me to make some very good contacts and I have now decided I want to be a corporate solicitor, something which I would never have dreamed was possible.
Poonam Alexander, Pathways to Law Student, Warwick University

Sutton Trust | Fifteen at fifteen | Access to the professions

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PISA
The Sutton Trust recognises the value of international research.
Comparing the success of other developed nations can help show where Englands education system has room for improvement and offer the chance to learn lessons from abroad. The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) has become the most important source of reliable international data. Its Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) reports, launched in 1997, are now regarded by Governments across the world as a vital indicator of the success or otherwise of their education policies. The Sutton Trust has worked with Professor Alan Smithers at Liverpool University and later Buckingham University, to dig deep into the rich data provided by the PISA surveys. His reports have shown the extent of the gap between private and state educated pupils in English schools and how Englands teenagers are just over half as likely to reach the highest levels in maths in international tests as students from other developed nations. London School of Economics and Stanford University research in 2011 concluded that English schools could become one of the top five education performers in the world within ten years if the performance of the countrys least effective tenth of teachers was brought up to the national average.
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The Sutton Trusts focus on PISA research has raised the profile of PISA in England, and the importance of international comparators, which now play an important role in Government thinking. The Coalition Government has sought to benchmark English schools not just by earlier GCSE results within this country, but by how well England compares with other developed nations, as measured in the PISA studies. Responding to the Trusts 2012 report comparing maths achievements at the highest level, the Education Secretary, Michael Gove, said: This report underlines why the Government is determined to act decisively to restore academic rigour to schools and ensure our exams match the worlds best.

PISA has shown what is possible in education, in terms of helping all children to achieve. It has taken away excuses from those who are complacent, and it has helped to set meaningful targets in terms of measurable goals achieved by the worlds educational leaders. The Sutton Trust has left no opportunity out to use PISA in order to keep public policy honest.
Andreas Schleicher, Deputy Director for Education, OECD

Sutton Trust | Fifteen at fifteen | Global comparators

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US Summer Schools
The Sutton Trust has a strong international strand to its work.
In 2012, the Trust launched its first US summer school at Yale. 64 Year 12 students were chosen to take part, all of them students at state schools and sixth form colleges. All were highly able and predicted to gain at least three grade As in their A-levels. Sutton Trust summer schools had their origins in American universities outreach activities. With their large endowment funds, the best US universities are well placed to search for the best talent, regardless of family circumstances. US degree courses include greater breadth in their first two years, before specialising in the second two years, so can offer a more rounded experience for students. The programme, in partnership with the Fulbright Commission, gave young people the chance to gain first-hand experience of life on campus and to visit Trinity, Wesleyan, Columbia, Harvard, and Princeton. They received intensive support with essay writing and test preparation. The Trust hopes that many of the participants will apply to study at American universities and is planning to extend the programme in 2013.

Inuence
The Sutton Trust has organised two major transatlantic summits with the Carnegie Corporation, bringing together academics and politicians to discuss research and policy ideas around social mobility. At our 2008 summit in New York speakers included Ed Miliband, then a UK cabinet minister, and the Shadow Minister for Universities and Skills, David Willetts, along with other leading MPs and academics from both sides of the Atlantic. In 2012, our London social mobility summit heard from Deputy Prime Minister Nick Clegg, Education Secretary Michael Gove, and Leader of the Opposition Ed Miliband. Academics from the UK, US, Australia, and Canada debated why social mobility was lower in the UK and US than other Anglophone countries. The Trust is organising further international summits in the near future, particularly focusing on improving teaching in schools.

Let me pay tribute to the work of The Sutton Trust for your tireless advocacy for years now and promotion of a more socially mobile society. Your voice and, equally important, your activities, are hugely important to the ambition to allow all our children to fulfil their potential.
Nick Clegg, Deputy Prime Minister, speaking at the Social Mobility Summit 2012

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Sutton Trust | Fifteen at fifteen | International work

Sutton Trust | Fifteen at fifteen | International work

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Teaching and Learning Toolkit


Rigorous evaluation is central to the Sutton Trusts approach. With the Boston Consulting Group we have quantified the costs and benefits of our programmes, and we have subjected them to detailed evaluation.
The introduction of the Pupil Premium a grant worth 900 a year in 2013-14 for each pupil on free school meals means that schools need to know what works to boost attainment. A National Foundation for Educational Research survey of teachers funded by the Trust found that the Premium was often not spent on activities proven to boost attainment. To help schools, the Trust asked Durham University to develop a Toolkit for teachers using the latest evidence to show the impact of different interventions and to assess their cost effectiveness. The Teaching and Learning Toolkit is an accessible summary of educational research designed to support schools and teachers to make informed choices and adopt a more evidence based approach. The Toolkit identifies feedback from teachers to pupils, and teaching pupils strategies to plan, monitor, and evaluate their own learning as particularly effective interventions. In partnership with the Education Endowment Foundation the Toolkit will be updated regularly.

Inuence
The Sutton Trust and EEF have helped spark an important debate on the impact of the Pupil Premium. The Toolkit has been highlighted by government, inspectors, and headteachers leaders as a valuable guide to what works well in schools. It is a good example of the impact that our rigorous approach to evaluation has on the education policy debate. The Trust and the EEF are ensuring that the Teaching and Learning Toolkit is widely publicised to schools, and it has been highlighted by the Department for Education on its website as a key resource for improving attainment with the Pupil Premium. The National Association of Head Teachers (NAHT) has recommended the Toolkit to its members. NAHT general secretary Russell Hobby said: The Sutton Trusts Toolkit is to be welcomed as an accessible summary of the emerging evidence we need more resources like it.

I have just read the Teaching and Learning Toolkit. As the head of a three form entry primary school in a relatively deprived area, it has certainly challenged my own thinking and over time I hope it will help me to improve my schools provision for all pupils.
Craig England, Headteacher, Stanley Primary School, Blackpool

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Sutton Trust | Fifteen at fifteen | Rigorous evaluation

Sutton Trust | Fifteen at fifteen | Rigorous evaluation

35

Childrens University
One reason young people from nonprivileged backgrounds are less likely to go to university or to fulfil their potential in education is that they lack access to the same out-of-school enrichment activities as of their better off peers.
These enrichment activities help raise aspirations. Without them, those from poorer homes and without graduate parents can become disengaged with school and feel that higher education is not for them, or that elite universities are beyond their reach. The task of raising aspirations needs to start as early as primary school. This is why the Sutton Trust has supported programmes like IntoUniversity and the Childrens University to provide out of school hours activities, particularly in areas of socioeconomic deprivation. Childrens University activities range from astronomy and acting to athletics and take place in venues as varied as theatres, universities, and museums. The Sutton Trust, in partnership with the JP Morgan Foundation and the Department for Education, funded the creation of the Childrens University Trust to oversee its expansion to reach many more young people from disadvantaged backgrounds. There are now over 100 centres across the UK. The Trust also supported IntoUniversity, in partnership with the Esmee Fairbairn Foundation, to provide long-term learning and welfare support for children and young people at risk of failing to meet their academic potential.

Inuence
The Department for Education co-funded the initial Sutton Trust investment in the Childrens University and has supported it since. The Department announced in 2011 that the Childrens University would receive grants of 350,000 a year for 2011-12 and 2012-13 from the Departments Voluntary and Community Sector programme. The award is part of a 60m grant pot targeted at organisations that play a significant role in reforming and delivering services for children, young people, parents and families. Each year, 100,000 children now take part across a network of over 100 local childrens universities, including service children across the world.

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Sutton Trust | Fifteen at fifteen | Raising aspirations

Sutton Trust | Fifteen at fifteen | Raising aspirations

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Sutton Trust Grants 1997-2012


Current Projects
SThe Brilliant Club PhD student tutoring project Bristol University Summer School Pathways to Law Cambridge University Summer School FE Summer School STEP residential event Experience Cambridge Days Subject Matters events Subject Master classes Corpus Christi College, Oxford Corpus Schools Access Programme Durham University Summer School Edinburgh University Summer School Education Endowment Foundation On-going contribution to work Exeter University STAR programme Nottingham University Summer School St Andrews University Summer School Imperial College Summer School Impetus Trust Joint Early Years Initiative Kings College Summer School Leeds University Pathways to Law STAR programme London School of Economics Pathways to Law Manchester University Pathways to Law Oxford University Pathways programme PRIME Supporting high quality work experience in the legal sector Reading University / Reading Real Estate Foundation Pathways to Property Southampton University Pathways to Law University College London Summer School US Summer School and Advice Programme Warwick University Pathways to Law

Ashby Grammar School Summer project for able students Bath University Contribution to FE2HE summer schools Barnardos Parenting project Bedford School Independent-state school partnership Belvedere School / Girls Day School Trust Open Access scheme School Bus initiative Masterclasses for local primary school children Bentley Wood High School Specialist school status Bexley Grammar School Curriculum enrichment project Birmingham University Academic Enrichment Programme FE widening participation project Bishop Challoner RC School Specialist school bid Bishop Thomas Grant School Specialist school bid Blackburn with Darwen Education Action Zone Family learning project Boston College Primary school open day Bradford University Contribution to FE2HE summer schools Brighton College Introduction to Oxbridge conference Brightside Trust Pathways to medicine science club E-mentoring programme

Bristol University University summer schools Easter school Pathways to Law Broadfields Junior School Partnership with Haberdashers Askes School Broadgreen High School Specialist school status Bromley by Bow Centre Early years outreach project Burntwood Foundations School for Girls Specialist status bid Cambridge University Summer schools FE summer schools Easter STEP maths school A variety of subject-specific outreach initiatives. Camden Pre-School Learning Alliance Parenting skills workshop Canon Palmer Catholic School Independent-state school partnership Canterbury Christ Church University Mentoring scheme School-based provision for able pupils Central Foundation Boys School Independent-state school partnership Chelmsford County High School for Girls First in the Family project Childrens University Contribution to work and development Christs College, Guildford Vocal coach project Church Langton Primary School Independent-state school partnership

Previously Funded
Accessprofessions.com Student and teacher outreach resource Active Planet Health project for under fives Alexandra Park School Specialist school status Art Play Early years art and education project

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Sutton Trust | Fifteen at fifteen | Sutton Trust Grants 1997-2012

Sutton Trust | Fifteen at fifteen | Sutton Trust Grants 1997-2012

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Community Family Support Bedford Parenting project Convent of Jesus and Mary Language College Residential visit to Eton Corpus Christi College, Oxford Access officer Teacher fellowships Corpus Schools access programme Telethon match-funding Council for Industry & Higher Education Contribution to work County Durham NHS Trust Health sciences in schools project The Crypt School Independent-state school partnership Discover Teenage parents project Dundee University Access research project Durham and Darlington NHS Medical outreach programme Durham High School for Girls Independent-state school partnership Science Sparks project Durham University Summer schools Masterclass programme Teachers on Track course Widening access to medicine programme Eastlea Community School Specialist school status The EC Roberts Centre Learning through play courses Edinburgh International Science Festival Power of 10 club

Edinburgh University Pathways to the professions scheme Educated Pass LEAPS Elmtree School Parents as first teachers Exeter University Excited about science Sutton Trust Academic Routes The Fabian Society Life Chances Commission Various lectures and seminars Family Links Teach First student teacher training Forest Gate Community School Independent-state school partnership Foyer Federation University support project Future First Alumni networks at Feltham Community College Fulbright Commission US summer school programme Generating Genius Medicine and science summer school Global Graduates Law summer school Programme promoting diversity in financial sector GOALS (Greater Opportunity for Access and Learning with Schools) Primary school university campus visit Gordano School Oxbridge visits Maths, science and technology project Greenshaw High School Specialist school status

Grey Court School Specialist school bid Greater London Tutors Private tuition pilot Haberdashers Askes Hatcham CTC Maths master classes School-centred initial teacher training scheme Haslemere First School Pre-school project Herts Science and Technology Regional Organisation Young entrepreneurs programme Higher Education Policy Institute Downing Street Seminar HiPACT Graduate outreach scheme Holy Cross RC Girls School Specialist school status Home Start Merton Young mums project Honey Pot project Hot Courses What University? special publication Hull Compact Limited Business-education links Huxlow School Independent-state school partnership I CAN Early intervention for children with speech and language difficulties Imperial College Summer schools Contribution to FE2HE summer schools Into University Contribution to work and evaluation Industrial Trust Educational Experiences scheme

Institute for Public Policy Research Opportunity and Inclusion forum Various lectures and seminars Ipsos MORI Teachers and Student omnibus surveys James Allens Girls School Independent-state school partnership Kings College London Maths attainment project Kings College School Access work Lancaster University Contribution to FE2HE summer schools Leeds University Widening access to medical school Pathways to Law Sutton Trust Academic Routes Reach for excellence programme Liss Youth Centre Drop-in centre Little Lever School Independent-state school partnership Liverpool University Primary school work London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham Independent-state school partnership London Borough of Lambeth Urban Scholars programme London Business School Scholarship fund Longhill High School Independent-state school partnership Science, maths and IT master classes Specialist school status

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Sutton Trust | Fifteen at fifteen | Sutton Trust Grants 1997-2012

Sutton Trust | Fifteen at fifteen | Sutton Trust Grants 1997-2012

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London School of Economics LSE Choice project Law winter school Maths winter school Saturday schools Finance and Our Future course Pathways to Law Manchester Grammar School Oxbridge access scheme Independent-state school partnership Manchester University Academic Enrichment Programme Pathways to Law Mansfield College, Oxford FE access initiative Meadows Primary School Building the learning power of children Medlock Primary School Independent-state school partnership Milton Keynes Council Oxford link project The Mothers Union Training for parenting courses Victoria and Albert Museum of Childhood Wonder Tots initiative National Foundation for Education Research Summer school evaluation National Literacy Trust Working Together to Get Talking National Primary Trust Advanced Learning Centres North East Wales Institute of Higher Education Mature entry summer school Oxford University exchange Norwich School Independent-state school partnership

Nonsuch High School for Girls Specialist school status Nottingham University Summer schools Academic Enrichment Programme Ocklynge Junior School Independent-state school partnership Old Grammar School, Lewes Independent-state school partnership Open University Working with parents and carers in specialist schools to widen participation in HE Oxford University UK / US university funding and access symposium Summer schools Teacher INSET course Mathematics support project Teacher-tutor shadowing Student ambassadors programme Oxford Access Scheme Contribution to work Oxford Community School Specialist school status Parentline Plus Family and parenting projects Pates Grammar School Outreach and curriculum enrichment project Specialist school status Peers Early Education Partnership (PEEP) Shopping centre drop-in and advice project Home programme Transition project Pembroke College Teacher conference Pen Pych Community Primary School Learning creche

Pen y dre High School Philosophy club Petersfield School Independent-state school partnership Pippin Confident parenting course Policy Connect Higher Education Commission Pure Potential US summer school programme Punch and Judy Family Centre Childcare and English courses RARARI Highland schools mentoring scheme The Ravensbourne School Specialist school status Ripplez Delivers the Family Nurse Partnership Royal Grammar School, Newcastle Independent-state school partnership Rooks Heath High School Specialist school status Rotherham Metropolitan Borough Council Gifted and talented programme Round Chapel Families Project The Royal Veterinary College Science clubs Saturday schools Teacher development seminar Rutlish School Specialist school status Sevenoaks School Independent-state school partnership

Social Market Foundation Various seminars and conferences Shepherds Bush Families Project Parenting workshops Shorefields School Specialist school status Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge Funding for outreach projects Sir John Casss Foundation and Redcoat CE School Specialist school status The Smith Institute Traveling to school seminar at Downing Street Social Market Foundation Various seminars and conferences Solihull Metropolitan Borough Independent-state school partnership Southwark Community Education Council Independent-state school partnership Specialist Schools and Academies Trust University admissions guide Jessica Sperryn Funding to develop an HE access, enrichment and advice programme Southampton University Widening access to medicine programme FE2HE summer schools Pathways to Law Springwood High School Residential access visit to Cambridge University Spurgeons Parents Matter programme St Andrews University Summer schools Teachers summer schools St Augustine of Canterbury School Independent-state school partnership

Roy Jenkins Memorial Scholarships

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Sutton Trust | Fifteen at fifteen | Sutton Trust Grants 1997-2012

Sutton Trust | Fifteen at fifteen | Sutton Trust Grants 1997-2012

43

St Lukes School Specialist school status Surrey University Contribution to FE2HE summer schools Sure Start Battersea Swanlea School Specialist school status Sydenham School Specialist school status Teach First Contribution to work Telescombe Cliffs CP School Maths project for able students Thomas Telford School Independent-state school partnership Thurrock Community Mothers Programme Tom Hood School Specialist school status Tower Hamlets Education and Business Partnership Student tutoring programme Tower Hamlets Summer University United World Colleges UWC Short Courses University College London Summer schools British Museum summer school Royal Free medicine summer school Natural History Museum summer school Pathways to Law Ursuline High School Specialist school status Verulam School Specialist school status V&A Museuem of Childhood Contribution to work

Villiers Park Educational Trust Reaching out with outreach training for university lecturers running outreach initiatives Subject-specific year 12 summer schools Wandsworth Borough Choice Advice pilot Westminster Childrens Society Parent outreach worker Westminster Pre-School Learning Alliance Whalley Range High School Specialist school status After school science masterclass Wolsingham School and Community College HE awareness programme Woodard School Independent-state school partnership Wyndham School Independent-state school partnership Young Minds Support for new and expectant parents Youth Sport Trust Top Tots sports programme

Grammar School intakes and outreach Institute for Fiscal Studies/Institute of Education Higher Education Access Toolkit Durham University Missing 3000 explained Department for Business Innovation and Skills/Sutton Trust project with UCAS Teacher reforms to improve outcomes for children London School of Economics The Postgraduate Premium London School of Economics Absolute mobility comparisons Joint project with Pew charitable Trusts PISA and policy

UK and US much less socially mobile than Australia and Canada Various The impact of the Sutton Trusts Summer Schools Bristol University State funded places in independent day schools before 1976 Internal Study

2011
An evaluation of the Reach for Excellence Programme: cohort three and school/college links views NFER What prospects for mobility in the UK? A cross-national study of educational inequalities and their implications for future education and earnings mobility. London School of Economics Sutton Trust note for the House of Commons Education Select Committee session on the Governments new school admissions code Improving the impact of teachers on pupil achievement in the UK interim findings London School of Economics/ Stanford University Degree of Success University Chances by Individual School Internal Study Toolkit of Strategies to Improve Learning Summary for Schools. Durham University Toolkit of Strategies to Improve Learning Summary for Schools, Spending the Pupil Premium Durham University Teacher Voice Omnibus November 2010 Survey The Governments education reforms The Sutton Trust/NFER

School admissions London School of Economics Technical and Professional education in Germany and Singapore Boston Consulting Group Pathways to the City Boston Consulting Group

Planned research projects


Research into fidelity of delivery in Early Years education Maths for Employment Leading Comprehensives Analysis

Current research projects


Educational Backgrounds of Leading People Internal Study Evaluation of STAR scheme Durham University The school divide in personal statements Manchester University The Impact of Fees on Debt Institute of Fiscal Studies Open Access Policy Exchange

An Update to University Endowments

The Impact of Non-Doms on Inequality

How the graduate labour market differs by school attended

Completed research projects


2012
Educating the Highly Able Buckingham University Evaluation of the Reach for Excellence Programme National Foundation for Educational Research

2010
Responding to the new landscape for university access Internal study Use of an aptitude test in university entrance: a validity study Final Report National Foundation for Educational Research

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Sutton Trust | Fifteen at fifteen | Sutton Trust Grants 1997-2012

Sutton Trust | Fifteen at fifteen | Sutton Trust Grants 1997-2012

45

Choice and Selection in Admissions: the experience of other countries Buckingham University A cross-cohort comparison of childhood behaviour problems Summary of preliminary findings Bristol University Initial Response to the Independent Review of Higher Education Funding and Student Finance Internal study Increasing university income from home and overseas students: what impact for social mobility? London School of Economics Impact Report for the Sutton Trust Summer Schools 1998 2010 Nottingham University Ensuring less privileged pupils benefit from the Governments school reforms Internal study Fee remissions and bursaries in Independent schools Staffordshire University Submission to the Independent Review of Higher Education Funding and Student Finance Internal study The Educational Backgrounds of Government Ministers in 2010 Internal Study The Educational Backgrounds of Members of Parliament in 2010 Internal study Education Mobility in England The link between the education levels of parents and the educational outcomes of teenagers Institute for Social and Economic Research at Essex University Worlds Apart Social Variation Among Schools Centre for Education and Employment Research, Buckingham University The Mobility Manifesto Internal study/ Boston Consulting Group The Social Composition and Future Earnings of Postgraduates London School of Economics Low Income and Early Cognitive Development in the U.K. Bristol University/ Columbia University

Sutton Trust Submission to Sir Martin Harris: Widening Access to Selective Universities Internal study The Reach for Excellence Programme: a summary and discussion of findings from the first cohort of students Internal study

Can Financial Incentives Enhance Educational Outcomes? Evidence from International Experiments York University / Johns Hopkins University Social Mobility 2009 Ipsos Mori Social Mobility and Education Various Social Mobility and Education Record of a High Level Summit Sponsored by the Carnegie Corporation of New York and the Sutton Trust Internal study Applications, Offers and Admissions to Research Led Universities Internal Study/ Department for Business, Innovation and Skills Innovative University Admissions Worldwide: A Percent Scheme for the UK? Internal study

Primed for Success Institute of Education/ Cardiff University Increasing higher education participation amongst disadvantaged young people and schools in poor communities Internal report to the National Council for Educational Excellence Review Public attitudes to social mobility and inequality Ipsos MORI State schools with successful track records in Oxbridge entry Institute of Education Citizen Card Survey People Survey Ten year review of summer schools Internal study Helping Schools Succeed Policy Exchange Moving Up, Moving On Staffordshire University Primed for Success Institute of Education/Cardiff University Knowing where to study? Fees, bursaries and fair access Staffordshire University University Admissions by Individual Schools Internal Study

2009
Sutton Trust submission to the House of Commons Children, Schools and Families Committee on Social Mobility and Education and Access to the Professions Internal study Teach Primary Improving the Status and Quality of Primary School Teaching Internal study An Evaluation of the Reach for Excellence Programme Interim Report NFER Embers from the Ashes? The Experience of Being An Assisted Place Holder Cardiff University/ Institute of Education / Newcastle University Attainment gaps between the most deprived and Advantaged Schools London School of Economics The Educational Backgrounds of Leading Lawyers, Journalists, Vice Chancellors, Politicians, Medics and Chief Executives Internal study The Sutton Trusts submission to the Milburn Commission Internal study Teachers Omnibus 2009 Ipsos MORI Evidence of Educational Support Outside School Durham University/ Oxford University Careers Guidance and Participation in Education Durham University The Educational Backgrounds of Leading Scientists and Scholars Internal study

2008
The impact of buggy orientation on parent-infant interaction and infant stress Dundee University Room to play evaluation Oxford University The Academies Programme: Progress, Problems and Possibilities Institute of Education. The Educational Backgrounds of Vice Chancellors Internal study Productive Partnerships? An Examination of Schools links with Higher Education Institute of Education Social Selectivity of State Schools and the Impact of Grammars Durham University Low Income Pupils in High Performing Comprehensive Schools Internal study Wasted talent? Attrition rates for high-achieving pupils between school and university Institute of Education/Institute for Fiscal Studies

2007
Educational backgrounds of 500 leading figures in the UK Internal study Blairs Education Buckingham University School admissions ballots Rand Europe and Ipsos MORI Tackling low educational achievement London School of Economics Aspirations of parents for their children Ipsos MORI with HM Treasury

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Sutton Trust | Fifteen at fifteen | Sutton Trust Grants 1997-2012

Sutton Trust | Fifteen at fifteen | Sutton Trust Grants 1997-2012

47

Student retention in the Faculties of Science and Engineering Glasgow University

2004
Select Government Match Funding Programmes Council for the Advancement and Support of Education The Missing 3,000 Higher Education Funding Council for England /Internal study Open Access A Practical Way Forward Boston Consulting Group/ NFER/ Liverpool University /Internal study. Englands Education Liverpool University

Supporters
Alex Roberts Miller Foundation Allen and Overy Peter Beckwith Bowland Charitable Trust Stephen Brenninkmeijer Jim and Becky Byrne Tony Cann Carnegie Corporation of NY Mike Carpenter PC Chatterjee Clifford Chance Dermot and Tessa Coleman College of Law Department for Education Martin Devenish DLA Piper

Lloyds TSB Foundation Mayer Brown Doug and Audrey Miller Nancy Drucker and the Henry Drucker Fund John and Caroline Nash Andrew Neil Ogden Trust Jim ONeill Richard and Lisa Perry Perry Capital Porticus UK Christian Purslow Oliver Quick Lisbet Rausing Simon Robertson Kasia Robinski Shine Trust Simmons and Simmons Martin Sullivan Emma Warson Waterside Trust Ian and Vicky Watson Wolfson Foundation Worwin (UK) Foundation Christopher Wright

2006
University Fundraising and Endowments Internal study The Belvedere School Open Access to Independent Education Buckingham University Educational Backgrounds of Top Journalists Internal study The Educational and Career Trajectories of Assisted Places Scheme Holders Institute of Education Fade or Flourish: How Primary Schools Can Build on Childrens Early Progress Social Market Foundation The Social Composition of the Top State Schools Internal study

2003
Nobel Prizes: Changing Pattern of Awards Internal study University Endowments A US/UK Comparison Internal study Teacher Qualifications Survey Liverpool University

2005
Educational Backgrounds of Politicians Internal study No More School Run Proposals for a National Network of Dedicated School Buses The Boston Consulting Group/Social Market Foundation/Policy Exchange/ Internal study Support from the Start: Lessons from International Early Years Policy Maternity Alliance Survey of attitudes to part-time Study Ipsos MORI / Birkbeck Educational Backgrounds of the UKs Top Lawyers Internal study Intergenerational Social Mobility in Europe and North America London School of Economics State School Admissions to our Leading Universities Internal study

2002
Supporting Students applying to Higher Education NFER

Charles Dunstone Charitable Trust Glenn and Phyllida Earle Esmee Fairbairn Foundation Eversheds Francis Finlay Freshfields Garfield Weston Foundation Goldman Sachs Foundation David Gregson Guildford Academic Associates Guy and Julia Hands HBOS Foundation Hogan Lovells LLP Bella Hopewell Impetus Trust JP Morgan Foundations Law Society Linklaters

2001
Education Apartheid: A Practical Way Forward Boston Consulting Group/NFER/Liverpool University/ Internal study A Pilot of Aptitude Testing for University Entrance NFER

2000
Entry to Leading Universities Internal study

In addition there are a number of donors who have supported the Trust on an anonymous basis.

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Sutton Trust | Fifteen at fifteen | Sutton Trust Grants 1997-2012

Sutton Trust | Fifteen at fifteen | Sutton Trust Grants 1997-2012

49

Trustees

Sir Peter Lampl Lady Susan Lampl David Hall David Backinsell

Chairman Personal Assistant to Sir Peter Lampl Office Manager Early Years Projects Manager Director, Development and Policy Director, Programmes and Partnerships Director, Research and Communications Policy and Research Analyst Projects Officer Development and Communications Officer Projects Consultant

Sir Peter Lampl Anna Fellows Helen Carey Laura Barbour Dr Lee Elliot Major James Turner Conor Ryan Liz Johnston Kathryn Davies Dr Ellie Decamp Oliver Quick

From over 100 pieces of research, to brilliant summer schools that give over 1,000 students from disadvantaged backgrounds a first taste of life at a leading university, the Sutton Trust really is what you yourselves say: not just a think tank, but a do tank; not just leading thought, but leading action.
David Cameron, Prime Minister

The Sutton Trust 9th Floor Millbank Tower 2124 Millbank London, SW1P 4QP

T: 020 7802 1660 F: 020 7802 1661 E: info@suttontrust.com W: www.suttontrust.com

Charity number: 1146244 Registered company number: 07951541 Designed by Contrapositive All photography by Layton Thompson except pages 4, 7, 12, 16, 20, 26, 28, 30, 32 and 33

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