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Curriculum Development Project Sponsored by Ministry of Science & Technology Islamabad






Prof. Dr. Altaf Ali G. Shaikh Mr. Muhammad Younus Malik Ghulam Abbas Miss Ghayyur Fatima Mr. M. Shabbir Baig Mr. M. Tahir Ali Shah Director General (Curriculum) Director Curriculum Deputy Director Research Associate Curriculum Officer Assistant Director

Composed by Mr. Zulfiqar Ali, HEC, Head Office, Islamabad

1. Introduction

Curriculum of a subject is said to be the throbbing pulse of a nation. By looking at the curriculum of a subject, one can judge the state of intellectual development and the state of progress of a nation. The world has turned into a global village, new ideas and information are pouring in a constant stream. It is, therefore, imperative to update our curricula by introducing the recent developments in the relevant fields of knowledge. In exercise of the powers conferred by Sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Federal Supervision of Curricula Textbooks and Maintenance of Standards of Education Act 1976, the Federal Government vide Notification No.D773/76JEA (Cur.), dated December 4, 1976, appointed Higher Education Commission as the Competent Authority to look after the Curriculum Revision Work beyond Class XII at Bachelor level and onwards to all Degrees, Certificates and Diplomas awarded by Degree Colleges, Universities and other Institutions of higher education. In pursuance of the above decisions and directives, the Commission is continually performing curriculum revision in collaboration with the Universities. According to the decision of the special meeting of Vice-Chancellors Committee, curriculum of a subject must be reviewed after every 3 years. For the purpose, various Committees are constituted at the national level comprising senior teachers nominated by the Universities. Teachers from local degree colleges and experts from user organizations, where required, are also included in these Committees. The National Curriculum Revision Committee on Industrial Engineering in its meeting held in May 2003 at the H.E.C. Head Office, Islamabad finalized the draft curriculum after due consideration of the comments and suggestions received from the Universities and Colleges where the subject under consideration is taught. The Final draft prepared by the Curriculum Revision Committee duly approved by competent authority is being circulated for implementation by the Universities. (PROF. DR. ALTAF ALI G. SHAIKH) D.G. (CURRICULUM) August 2003

In continuation to the preliminary meeting of National Curriculum Revision Committee on Industrial Engineering held at Higher Education Commission, Islamabad from October 22-24, 2002, the final meeting of the Committee was held at Islamabad from July 8-10,2003. . The following members attended: 1. Dr. Hussain Bux Marri, Professor, Dept. of Industrial Engg. & Management, Mehran University of Engg. & Tech., Jamshoro. Engr. Muzammil Hassan, Head, Deptt. of Industrial Engineering, Dawood College of Engineering & Technology, M.A. Jinnah Road, Karachi. Prof. M. Ashraf Rajput, Principal - POFIT, POF Institute of Technology, Pakistan Ordinance Factory, Wah Cantt. Convener






Engr. Dr. Muhammad Tufail, Member Associate Professor, Department of Industrial & Manufacturing Engineering, NED University of Engg. & Tech., Karachi.. Engr.M. Akhtar Shakeel, General Manager, CMD, Pakistan Steel,Bin Qasim, Karachi. Engr. Shaukat Ali Shah, Secretary/Member Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engg., NWFP University of Engg. & Tech., Peshawar. Member



Engr. Yusaf Mahboob, C/o Pakistan Engineering Council, I/C, 2/9, Nazimabad, Karachi could not attend the meeting due to his proceeding abroad. The meeting started with the recitation from the Holy Quran by Engr. Muzammil Hassan, member of the Committee

Dr. Altaf Ali G. Shaikh welcomed the participants of the meeting and desired that Committee would finalize the curriculum for Industrial Engineering during its meeting. He also desired that recommendation made in the workshop of industrialists be also taken into consideration by the Committee during its deliberation. On question of title of degree of Industrial Engineering he left this point on the decision of the Committee to reach at consensus. The convener of the Committee Dr. Hussain Bakhsh Marri started the proceeding of the meeting and in his opening remarks proposed that since courses offered by various Universities on Industrial Engineering are not uniform therefore it will be more practical approach if list of all courses identified by the Committee in its last meeting be split into two parts i.e list of core subjects and list of optional subjects. The core subjects will be offered by all the universities for undergraduate programme of Industrial Engineering and it will be on the discretion of the universities to offer courses from the list of optional subjects. He added that as recommended by the Pakistan Engineering Council, the total marks for 4 years undergraduate degree course should be within 5000 to 5500 therefore universities can select the courses from optional subjects lists so as to meet the prerequisite for total marks required for the degree. After detailed deliberations on each subject and discussion on course contents some of the subjects were merged with similar titled courses so as to reach at a list agreed by all the participants. After finalization of the list of courses committee assigned the marks to each subject in accordance with the decided limit mentioned above. A list of core subjects along with optional subjects is attached with these minutes, which gives the year wise study programme. The details of course contents are also available with the list. The Committee acknowledges the hospitality extended and facilities provided by HEC and is particularly thankful to Mr. Tahir Ali Shah, Assistant Director (S&T) HEC for his continuous cooperation and help provided in completion of the assigned task within stipulated time.


During the preparation of Curriculum the Committee kept before it the aim that Industrial Engineering students on their graduation should be able to apply engineering methods to make production lines more efficient. They should be able to analyze how people and objects should be deployed to reduce employee fatigue and industrial accidents. They should be able to coordinate assistance and processes of multifaceted operations to ensure the most efficient flow at an optimum cost. The blend of engineering back ground and knowledge of industrial safety, inventory control, accounting, marketing and communication skills would enable the students of Industrial Engineering to work in a variety of setting. The Committee aimed at designing the courses for industrial engineering to make best use of available resources at industries for the (i) improvement in quality (ii) increase in productivity and (iii) lowering of cost for economical & industrial growth in the country.

SCHEME OF STUDIES AT UNDER-GRADUATE LEVEL CORE SUBJECTS 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. Applied Calculus. Islamic Studies/Ethics Pakistan Studies. Workshop Practice. Basic Industrial Engineering. Engineering Drawing Computer Programming & Graphics. Electrical Technology & Instrumentation. Engineering Mechanics. Basic Thermodynamics. Mechanics of machines. Differential Equations & Complex variable. Statistical Methods and Estimation Materials Engineering Engineering Economy Numerical Analysis & Computer Application Basic Electronics Human Resources Management Operations Research. Total Quality Management Business Communication & Ethics. Work Study & Methods Engineering Industrial Safety & Environment.

24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33.

Advance Mathematical Techniques. Management Information Systems (MIS) Production Planning & Control. Manufacturing Strategy Principles of Decision Making. Human Factors Engineering. Production System Design. Logistic Inventory Control Industrial Maintenance Dissertation/Project Reports. OPTIONAL SUBJECTS

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17.

Basic Business Management. Manufacturing Processes. Metrology & Gauging. Analysis of Manufacturing Processes Tool Design Automation & Robotics Plant Engineering. Solid State Variable Speed Drives. Managerial Accounting Organizational Behaviour Marketing Principles & Practice. Computer Integrated Manufacturing (CIM) Introduction to Flexible Manufacturing System. Finite Element Analysis (FEA). Fluid Mechanics CAD/CAM Engineering Solid Mechanics

YEAR WISE COURSE CONTENTS FIRST YEAR MARKS Theory Prac. 100 50 50 00 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 00 00 00 100 00 50 50 50 50 50 00 CREDIT HOURS Theory Prac. 03 02 02 00 03 03 03 03 03 03 03 00 00 00 02 00 01 01 01 01 01 00

S. No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11


Applied Calculus Islamic Studies/ethics Pakistan Studies Workshop Practice Basic Industrial Engineering Engineering Drawing Electrical Technology & Instrumentation Engineering Mechanics Basic Thermodynamics Computer Programming & Graphics Business Communication & Ethics

S. No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13

SECOND YEAR MARKS Subject Theor Prac. y Design of Machine Elements 100 50 Differential Equations & 100 00 Complex variable Statistical Methods and 100 50 Estimation Materials Engineering 100 50 Engineering Economy 100 00 Basic Electronics 100 50 Industrial Safety & 100 00 Environment *Basic Business Management 100 00 *Manufacturing Processes 100 50 *Metrology & Gauging 100 50 *Managerial Accounting 100 00 *Solid Mechanics 100 50 *Fluid Mechanics 100 50

CREDIT HOURS Theory Prac. 03 03 03 03 03 03 03 03 03 03 03 03 03 01 00 01 01 00 01 00 00 01 01 00 01 01

* Optional Subjects


S. No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13


THIRD YEAR MARKS Theory Prac. 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 50 00 50 00 50 00 00 50 50 50 00 00 50

CREDIT HOURS Theory Prac. 03 03 03 03 03 03 03 03 03 03 03 03 03 01 00 01 00 01 00 00 01 01 01 00 00 01

Numerical Analysis & Computer Application Human Resources Management Operations Research Advance Mathematical Techniques Management Information Systems (MIS) Production Planning & Control Logistic Inventory Control *Analysis of Manufacturing Processes * Tool Design *Plant Engineering * Organizational Behaviour *Marketing Principles & Practices *CAD/CAM Engineering

S. No 1 2


FOUR YEAR MARKS Theory Prac. 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 00 100 100 100 100 100 00 50 00 00 50 00 00 200 50 50 00 50 50

CREDIT HOURS Theory Prac. 03 03 03 03 03 03 03 00 03 03 03 03 03 00 01 00 00 01 01 00 04 01 01 00 01 01

Total Quality Management Work Study & Methods Engineering 3 Manufacturing Strategy 4 Principles of Decision Making 5 Human Factors Engineering 6 Production System Design 7 Industrial Maintenance 8 Dissertation/Project Reports 9 *Automation & Robotics 10 *Solid State Variable Speed Drives 11 *Computer Integrated Manufacturing (CIM) 12 *Introduction to Flexible Manufacturing System (FMS) 13 *Finite Element Analysis (FEA) * Optional subjects


Core Subjects 1. i. APPLIED CALCULUS INTRODUCTION Mathematical and physical meaning of functions, graphs of various functions. Hyperbolic functions. INTRODUCTION TO LIMITS


Theorems of limits and their applications to functions. Some useful limits, right hand and eft hand limits. Continuous and discontinuous functions and their applications. iii. DERIV ATIVES Introduction to derivatives. Geometrical and physical meaning of derivatives. Partial derivatives and their geometrical significance. Application problems (rate of change, marginal analysis). iv. HIGHER DERIVATIVES Leibmtz theoremj, Rolles theorem. Mean value theorem. Tailors and Maclaurins series. v. vi. EVALUATION OF LIMITS USING L HOSPITALS RULES. Indeterminate forms (0/0) (o0/o0), (0xo0), (o0-o0), 1oo, o0,0o. APPLICATIONS OF DRIVATIVES Asymptotes, tangents and normals, curvature and radius of curvature, maxima and minima of a function of single variable (applied problems), differentials with application. vii. APPLICATIONS OF PARTIAL DERIVATIVES Eulers theorem, total differentials, maxima and minima of two variables. viii. INTEGRAL CALCULUS Methods of integration by substitutions and by part. Integration of rational and irrational algebraic functions. Definite integrals, improve integrals. Gamma and Beta functions, reduction formulae. ix. APPLICATIONS OF INTEGRAL CALCULUS. Cost function from marginal cost, rocket flights, area under curve.



VECTOR ALGEBRA Introduction to vectors. Scalar and vector product of three and four vectors. Volume of parallelepipes and tetrahedron.


VECTOR CALCULUS Vector differentiation, vector integration and their applications. Operator, graient, divergence and curl with their applications.

RECOMMENDED BOOKS 2. Brief Calculus and its applications, Doniel D. Benice Applied Calculus, Raymond A. Barnett Calculus, Derald L. Bradley Calculus and analytical geometry, Dr. S.M. Yusuf.

ISLAMIC STUDIES/ETHICS A. ISLAMIAT (FOR MUSLIMS) QURAN SHARIF. Fazail Quran (Importance of Quran), Surah-al-Hujurat Complete its verdict, Translation, Surah-al-Furqan, its last rukoou from verses 61 to 77. The verdict, Translation and meaning of difficult words. Importance of Sunnah, 20 selected as hadith of Prophet (Peace be upon him) with meaning of the verdict and Translation. The religion of Islam, Sequences of Quranic Verses with the hadith of Prophet (peace be upon him). ii DEEN-E-ISLAM. Tauheed (belief of Oneness of Allah Ta ala). Prophet hood, the belief in the prophet hood. Aa kherat (the belief in the life after death). Regularly performance of the five times prayers daily, fasting of the month of Ramzan, Zakat, Haj, And Jihad. Complete knowledge of Uswatul Hassanah. The life of Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him Makki as well as Madani from the date of birth up to prophet-hood and also the Minration trom Mecca to Madina and Spreading of Islam Mithaqe-Madina, Fateh-e-Mecca, and Hajjatul-vida The fundamental of Islamic characteristics, the main fundamentals of the earning liveli



hood which is lawful according to islam and its different kinds, ways and means of eaning, lawful earnings, the requirements of highest characteristics and the avoiding of sins according to islam. Full knowledge of Sidq, Tawakkal, Taqua, the fulfillment of promise, Simplicity, respect and obedience of parenls and the elders, Equality and the forgiveness, Islamic Cultural society, Lawful earning. Heritage of Islam in the construction of human society, Islamic solutions of problems of the human life, our future, oneness of making and our political solidarity. (B) ETHICS (FOR NON-MUSLIMS). Ethical techniques of world religions with special reference to Hinduism, Budhism, Judaism, Christianity and Islam. One hundred ethical presentations from Quran and sayings of the Prophet. Islams attitude towards minorities Promotion of moral values in the society. A brief review of ethical systems in philosophy 3. PAKISTAN STUDIES i) PAKISTANS IDEOLOGY. Definition and explanation in light of Allama Iqbal and Quid-eAzams sayings. Aims and objectives for establishment of Pakistan. Formation of Muslim supremacy in the sub-continent and attempts for gaining the last glory. ii) THE RELIGIOUS REFORMIST. Shiakh Ahmed Sirhandi, Shah Wali-ullah, and others. iii) EDUCATIONAL REFORMS. Aligarh, Deoband, Nadwa, Anjuman Himayat-e-Islam, and other educational institutions. iv) POLITICAL STRUGGLE. Constitutional reforms, separate electorates, the khilafat movement.



THE PAKISTAN MOVEMENT. The Muslaim nation-hood and two nation theory. The problem of independence for India and the Muslims. Allama Iqbals address at Allahabad. The 1937 elections and attitude of Congress Ministries. The Pakistan resolution 1940. The 1946 elections and the transfer of power.


STRUGGLE FOR PAKISTAN. Role of Muslims of N.W.F.P., Balouchistan, Sind, Kashmir, and Punjab. The role of Ulema, writers, journalists, Students and the Woman in the Pakistan movement. Important events during the emergence of Pakistan.


CREATION OF ISLAMIC ORDER IN PAKISTAN. Enforcement of constitution of 1956, 1952, and 1973. Our struggle for complete evolution of Muslim society.


THE LAND OF PAKISTAN. Geographical situation, Rural and Urban areas, Natural resources, Agriculture, Industry, and man power. Pakistan and the Muslim world.

(ix) 4.

Industrial Developments in Pakistan.

WORKSHOP PRACTICE i) BENCH FITTING. Description, proper use, maintenance of the fitting tools e.g., the bench vices, hammers, files, sews, chisels, punches, blow torches, etc. Use and care of measuring instruments e.g, micrometers, vernier callipers, gauges, etc. Measurement of flatness, squarenes, roundness, concentricity; angled measurement. Use of marking our tools; angle plate. V-blocks, specific jobs using the above. ii) FORGING. Hand forging: Use and maintenance of forging tools; the forge, anvil; hammers, chisels, fillers, swages, punches, drift punch, tong etc. Preparation of specific jobs using such forging (forge welding). Use of power hammers, drop and press forging. Riveting.



WOOD WORKING. Use and care of wood working tools; clamps, saws, planers, files, chisels, drills, bits. Planning, nailing, screwing, joining, doweling, etc. Use and care of natural wood, Chip board, plywood, hard board, preparation and care of patterns etc.


METAL FORMING. Cold working processes for sheet metals; e.g., pressing, stamping, embossing drawing bending, piercing; etc. Use of common presses and dies.


FOUNDRY PRACTICE. Bench and floor sand casting; sand and binders, sand conditioning. Moulding tools, flasks, boards, spruces, cutters, rammers, blows brushes vent pins, trowels, spoons, etc.,. Metal melting and pouring.


SAFETY AND CARE. Precautions necessary in many shops; machine accidents, electrical accidents, heat and fire accidents, materials handling accidents. General cleanliness of shop; proper appeal. Accident alarms and evacuation.


WELDING Introduction to Basic Welding Techniques (Soldering, Brazing & Welding).

PRACTICA/LABORATORY WORK. Practice in all the above shops. Any theoretical background may be provided in the beginning o the practical classes. RECOMMENDED TEXT BOOKS. Workshop Practice, K.E. LUDWIG. Workshop Technology, 3 Parts, W.A.J. Chapman, Arnold. Wood Working Fundamentals, W.D. Wolansky, McGraw-Hill. General Engineering Workshop, Odham Books----------1963. Practice. More recent publications will be suggested later.



BASIC INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING i) INTRODUCTION AND HISTORY OF INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING History, Contribution of various pioneers, scope, objectives, application and role of Industrial Engineering in an enterprises, Industrial Engineering in the modern world, production management verses Industrial Engineering . ii) INTRODUCTION TO SOME RELATED DICIPLINES. Management (introduction, tools of management scientific management and its development). science,

Operation research (definition and concept, methods and techniques in operations research) System Engineering (introduction, applications of system engineering, system concept, system analysis and approach, techniques in system analysis). iii) SUPERVISORY AND LEADERSHIP Introduction, duties and responsibilities of a supervisor/foreman, leadership definition concept, qualities of a good leadership. iv) CREATIVE PROBLEM SOLVING Introduction, basic concepts and models, need for creativity, the creative individual, creative thinking, action programs. v) PRODUCTIVITY MEASUREMENT AND IMPROVEMENT Introduction, nature of productivity, importance of productivity improvement, factors affecting productivity, basic sources of information for developing measures of productivity. vi) EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT OF HUMAN RESOURCES. Introduction, subjective aspects of performance, labour relations, performance appraisal, selection and training of personnel.



INDUSTRIAL OWNERSHIP. Introduction to industrial ownership, Types of ownership, Partnership (concept), Joint stock company, Private limited company, Public limited company, Public sector and private sector, Different scales levels of industries, Enter premiership (concepts, Philosophy and Small, machines and large development).

TEXT BOOK S. Introduction to Industrial engineering and Management Science. By: Philip E. Hicks. Hicks. (International Student edition). Mc. Graw-Hill ------------------------------------1997 Industrial Engineering, By: B. Kumar Khanna Publishers, 1989, Delhi. RECOMMENDED BOOKS: Industrial Engineering and Management, By: O. P. Khanna (5th edition), J.C. Kapur for Dhanpat Rai & Sons 1995 Factory Production and Management, By: K. G. Lockyer, Pitman Publishing1976 Hand Book of Indusatrial Engineering & Management, By: Gavriel Salvendy, John willy and sons,1982 Production Management, By: Dr. L.N Agarwal and Dr. K. C. Jain, Khana Publisher, 1995, Delhi ENGINEERING DRAWING Drawing equipment and the use of instruments; Basic drafting techniques and standards; Geometrical curves including plane curves; Cycloid Hypocycloid, and the Involute. Intersections at various positions of geometrical bodies such as prisms, pyramids, cylinders and cones. Development of surfaces of prisms. Pyramids, cylinders and cones. Freehand sketching of machine and engine components; Locking arrangements; Foundation bolts; Stuffing box; Shaft couplings; Footstep bearing; Pulleys;



Concept of working drawing of component parts of machines and engines; Size, description, dimensions, and specifications; Limit dimensioning and geometric tolerance; limits; Fits and tolerances, conventional symbols. Sectioning of machines and engine components; Orthographic projections and standard practices. Isometric views with particular reference to piping and ducting. Introduction to Auto CAD Names of referred & Text Books 7. Graphics technology by James H. Earle by Addeison Wesley 1990 Graphics science & design by French & Vierck, published by Mc Graw Hill, seventh edition 1986 Principles of technical drawing by Mitchell, Spencer, Dygdon, Giesceke, Hill, Novak, Mc Millan publishing Co. 1992. Technical drawing for today by Terence Dtiscoll, published by Mc Millan publishing Co. 1975. Technical drawing by ND. Bhatt COMPUTER PROGRAMMING & GRAPHICS Introduction to Computer and its architecture Introduction to a high level programming language such as C, visual C or any other new software Functions, data types, variables, basic input output functions, saving & loading source codes. Operators (Arithmetical, Relational & Logical) Decision making (if, if-else etc). Loops, arrays, structure & unions. Pointers, file input & output (character, string, record input & output) Troubles in file handling Introduction to data structure, trees & types, graphics


BOOKS RECOMMENDED: Turbo C++, Robert Lafore How to programming with C++, Deiliet and Detile Auto CAD tutor for Engineering, Graphics R. 14 by Alan J. Kalameja, published by Sybex, 1998. Using Auto CAD 2000 by Ron House, Published by QUE publisher, 2000 Auto CAD R 13, Reference Manual Adivision & Mac Millan Auto Desk 1996.

8 i)

ELECTRICAL TECHNOLOGY AND INSTRUMENTATION ELECTRICITY FUNDAMENTALS & BASIC LAWS Electric charge, current electromotive force and potential difference, Passive and Active Circuit Elements, Ohms Law, Kirchhoffs laws, Capacitor, charging and discharging, Magnetic field due to an electric current, Force on current carrying conductor in magnetic field. Flemings Right-hand rule and Lenzs law, Magnitude of induced emf. A.C. FUNDAMENTALS Generation of alternating emf in a rotating coil. Slip rings. Relationships between frequency speed and number of pole pairs. Two-segment and four-segment commutator action, Typical dc and ac wave forms Instantaneous, pea, average and r.m.s. sinusoidal waveform, Form-Factor and peak factor. ELECTRIC MACHINES FUNDAMENTALS Mode of operation of rotating machines, rotating machine structures, self and mutual inductance of stator and rotor windings, general operation for induced emf, general expression for torque, the alignment fundamentals of ac/dc machines, transformer, synchronous and induction machines, universal motor. MEASURING INSTRUMENTS Constructional features, deflecting, controlling and damping devices, types of ammeters, voltmeters, and watt-meters, electrostatic, rectifier and electronic instruments, graphical symbols on dials, working and operation of cathode ray oscilloscope, ohm-meter, multi-meter Dimension, Angle and Strain: Length Standards, Line standard instruments, Interferometer measurement of angle.


Pressure: Practical Pressure Units, Zero pressure Methods of measurements, Liquid column, Pressure transducers, Differential pressure, Absolute Pressure measurements. Flow Measurements: Electromagnetic flow meter, variable area methods, Measurement in open channel, Calibration of flow meter. Temperature: Resistance thermometer, Thermocouple, Thermistors. Time, Motion and Variations: Electrical Timing Devices, Velocity transducers, Stroboscope, Accelerometer, Sciatic Transducers (measuring vibrations), Tachometers Force, Torque and Power: Mechanical balances, String gauge system, Elastic deformation, Direct Strain method, Angular displacement methods, Torque transducer, Absorption dynamometer, Driving dynamometer Note: Practical work is based on above theoretical course. BOOKS RECOMMENDED 9.
th Electrical Technology, Edward Hughes, Longman 6 edition. Principles of Electrical Engineering, B.R. Gupta, S. Chand and Co. Ltd. India Fundamental of Electrical Measurement, Gregory Introduction to Engineering Measurements by Pass

ENGINEERING MECHANICS Statics of Particles: Forces in a plane; Newtons First Law, Free body diagram; Forces in space (rectangular components); Equilibrium of particle in space. Kinematics of Particles: Rectilinear and curvilinear motion of particles; Components of velocity and acceleration; Motion relative to frame in translation. Kinetics of Particles: Newtons Second Law; dynamic equilibrium; Rectilinear and curvilinear motion; Work and energy; Kinetic energy of particle; Principle of Work and Energy; Conservation of energy; Impulse and momentum; Impulsive forces and conservation of momentum; Impact, direct and oblique; Conservation of angular momentum. Rigid Bodies: Equivalent systems of forces; Principle of transmissibility; Moment of a force Couple; Virgnians Theorem. Centre of gravity of a threedimensional body and centroid of a volume. Moments of inertia, radius of gyration, parallel axis theorem.


Equilibrium of Rigid Bodies: Free-body diagram; Equilibrium in two and three dimensions; Reaction of supports and connections; Equilibrium of two-force and three-force bodies. Kinematics of Rigid Bodies: General Plane motions; Absolute and relative velocity and acceleration. Plane Motion of Rigid Bodies: Forces and acceleration; Energy and momentum; Conservation of linear and angular momentum. Friction: Laws of dry friction; Angles of friction; Wedges, Square-threaded screws; Journal and thrust bearings; Belt friction. Analysis of Structures: Internal forces and Newtons Third Law; Simple and space trusses; Joints and sections; Frames and machines. Forces in cables. RECOMMENDED BOOKS Vector Mechanics for Engineers, F.P. Bear & R.E. Johnston, McGrawHill, (1977). Engineering Mechanics (Vector Ed), A. Higdon, & W. Stiles, P.H., (1963). 10 BASIC THERMODYNAMICS Thermodynamic Properties: Introduction; Working substance; System; Pure substance; PVT surface; Phases; Properties and state; Units; Zeroth Law; Processes and cycles; Conservation of mass. Energy and its Conservation: Relation of mass and energy; Different forms of energy; Internal energy and enthalpy; Work; Generalized work equation Flow and non-flow processes; Closed systems; First Law of Thermodynamics; Open systems and steady flow, Energy equation for steady flow; System boundaries; Perpetual motion of the first kind. Energy and Property Relations: Thermodynamics equilibrium; Reversibility; specific heats and their relationship; entropy; Second Law and of Thermodynamics; Property relation from energy equation; Frictional energy.


Ideal Gas: Gas laws; Specific heats of an ideal gas; Daltons Law of Partial Pressure; Third Law of Thermodynamics; Entropy of an ideal gas; Thermodynamic processes. Thermodynamic Cycles: Cycle work; Thermal efficiency and heat rate; Carnot cycle; Stirling cycles; Reversed and reversible cycles; most efficient engine. Consequences of the Second Law: Calusiuss inequality; Availability and irreversibility; Steady flow system. Two-Phase Systems: Two-phase system of a pure substance; Changes of phase at constant pressure; Steam tables; Superheated steam; Compressed liquid; Liquid and vapour curves; Phase diagrams; Phase roles; Processes of vapours; Mollier diagram; Ranking cycles; Boilers and ancillary equipment. Internal Combustion Engines: Otto cycle; Diesel cycle; Dual combustion cycle; Four stroke and twostroke engines; Types of fuels. Reciprocating Compressors: Condition for minimum work; Isothermal efficiency; Volumetric efficiency; Multistage compression; Energy balance for a two-stage machine with inter-cooler. Boilers Definition, types of boilers, comparison of fire tube and water tube boilers, essentials of a good boiler, factors affecting boiler selection, firing of boilers and boiler inspection. Turbines Steam turbines, classification of steam turbines. Conditions for maximum efficiency of an impulse Turbine, Special Industrial turbines, Gas turbines, types of gas turbines, Advantages of gas turbine over I. C. engines and steam turbines and use of gas turbines. Refrigeration & Air Conditioning Deification, applications of refrigerations, types of mechanical refrigerators, Ice making capacity of refrigerator, refrigeration system for aircraft, Air conditioning (definition and introduction), Air conditioning systems and equipment, classification of air conditioning systems, Equipments and devices used in A.C. plants, typical A.C. system layout.


RECOMMENDED BOOKS Applied thermodynamics by T.D. Eastop & A. Mc Conkey fifth edition EWBS with Longman, 1995. Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics by Michael N. Shapiro third edition 1995, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. New York. Thermodynamics an Engineering approach by Yunus A. Cengel & Boles Second Edition McGraw Hill Companies, New York. Fundamentals of Classical Thermodynamics by Gorden J. Van Wylen, Richard E. Sontang Second Edition, John Wiley & Sons, New York. 11. DESIGN OF MACHINE ELEMENTS INTRODUCTION. Definitions, Normal design Procedure; pre-requisite knowledge for a Mechanical Designer, Strength and Properties of Materials, Metallurgical Aspects, Material designation. Common Mechanical linkages and mechanisms. CHOICE OF MATERIALS. Properties and correct choice of materials for Machine components, Consideration of High and Low Temperature, Corrosion, etc. Correct Choice of Manufacturing Processes. COMPONENT DESIGN. Design of Machine parts under Static, Variable and Impulsive Loading conditions, Thermal Stresses, Stress Concentration. SHAFT DESIGN & SHAFTING :Material used for shafting, Types of shafts (solid, Hollow & Flexible), Designing of solid and hollow shafts, Reverted bending and steady torsion in circular shafts, Horsepower transmitted, Stresses induced in shafts, Maximum Shear Theory when loads are fluctuating, Machine elements associated with shafting like, Coupling, Joints, Clutches, Brakes, Keys, and etc. The Soderberg Approach, The Goodman Approach, The Gerber Approach, Problems on shafting. GEAR DESIGN. Deign of Spur, Helical, Bevel, and Worm Gears. Design of Simple and Compound Gear Train. Tolerances and Allowances.


Introduction to Design of Simple Machine Elements: Bearings; Methods of Lubrication; Bearing materials; Design of journal bearing; Introduction to design of bass and roller bearings. Joints; Knuckle, cotter and universal joints; Couplings; Universal, Flanged, flexible. Clutches; Friction and mechanical type. Governors and Gyroscopes: Function, Principle of operations, applications. Function of gyroscopes, gyroscopic acceleration and couple, application of gyroscopes. DESIGN OF SPRINGS. Attachment Components, Helical, Leaf, Spiral and other Springs. DESIGN/SELECTION OF: Screws, Bolts, Rivets and other Joining Components, Power screws. RECOMMENDED TEXT BOOKS. Design of Machine Elements, by M. F. Spotts, Prentice-Hall Prantiu Hall. Design of Machine Elements, by V. M. Faires Mac.Millan. Mechanical Engineering, Design fifth edition by Sligley & Mischke, published by McGraw Hill, 1989. Fundamentals of Machine Component Design second edition by Jurainall & Marshek published by John Wiley, 1991. Fundamentals of Mechanical Component Design by Edwards & Mc Kee, published by McGraw Hill, 1991. Rotary Power Transmission edited by Ken Hurst, published by McGraw Hill, 1988.



DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS AND COMPLEX VARIABLE Infinite Series: Applications of simple convergence tests such as comparison, root, ratio, Raabes and Gauss tests on the behavior of series. Ordinary Differential Equations: Definitions, formation and solution, Boundary conditions. Homogeneous and Non-homogeneous linear differential equations with constant coefficients, linear equations with variable coefficients, Cauchys and Legendres equations. Equations of second order. System of simultaneous linear equations with constant coefficients. Numerical approximation to solutions. Solution in Series. Simple applications in Engineering. Orthogonal trajectories. Partial Differential Equations: Formation of partial differential equations. Solution of first order linear and special types of second and higher order differential equations used in Engineering problems. Various standard forms. Laplace Transformations: Elementary transformations. Shifting Theorems. Heavesides expansion formula. Simple applications. Complex Variables: Limit, continuity, zeros and poles, Cauchy-Reimann Equations, conformal transformations, contour integration.


STATISTICAL METHODS AND ESTIMATION Introduction Modern Statistics Statistics and Engineering. Treatment of data Frequency distribution Graphs of frequency distribution Measures of central tendency Measure of variation.


Index numbers-time series Introduction to index numbers Problems involved in construction of index number Construction of whole sale index number (WSI) Weighed and aggregative price index numbers Time series-introduction Components of time series Analysis of time series. Probability concept and theory. Sets and Probability, Dependent and independent events Axioms of probability, some elementary theorems Random variable, The binomial distribution Poisson approximation to binomial distribution Poisons processes, Probability densities Normal distribution Curve fitting Regression analysis by least square method Correlation Linear, Polynomial, Power Regression analysis by least square method incorporating linear, Polynomial, Exponential are power function. Application of reliability and life testing Reliability The exponential model in reliability The exponential model in life testing Brief description of Practicals Occurrence of Industrial events, like faults, Immediate and relevant managerial decision, break down of electrical power or mechanical power will be treated as random input to various statistical models and out put will be taken on computer for analysis. Practical work will be based on the above theoretical work. BOOKS RECOMMENDED Probability for Engineering by, Irwin Miller, John E. Freund. Statistical Methods for Engineering by, Bethea Introduction to Statistics by Walpol Introduction to Statistic-I by Choudhri Sher Mohammad Modern Probability by Parzen E.



MATERIALS ENGINEERING Introduction to Materials Engineering: Types of materials, sources of materials, material science and engineering crystalline & amorphous materials, application of materials. Indigenous materials available in Pakistan and scope of their uses in industry. Metallic Materials: Pure metals and alloys, nature and properties of metals and alloys, major properties of metallic materials (chemical, physical, mechanical), single crystal and poly-crystalline metals, ,crystal defects and the mechanisms of deformation and fracture, plastic flow in poly-crystalline materials, structure property, relationships, macro & micro examinations, structural aspects of solidification & solid phase transformations in binary systems, ferrous and non-ferrous metals, various heat treatments, TTT diagram. Ceramics, Glasses, Rubbers & Refractory Materials: Compositions, properties, structures of various non-metallic materials, application of ceramics, glasses, rubber & refractory materials, methods of manufacture. Polymers: Polymerization, Structural feature of Polymers, Thermoplastic Polymers, Thermo-setting Polymers, Additives, major mechanical properties. Composites: Introduction to composite materials; types of composite materials, method of fabrication of composite materials, property averaging, major mechanical properties. Environmental Degradation: Metal degradation by atmospheric, aqueous & galvanic corrosion; stress corrosion cracking methods of corrosion prevention, behaviours of metal at elevated temperature pyrometers oxidation, scaling and creep. Chemical degradation of ceramics & polymers, radiation damage, surface improvement against degradation.


RECOMMENDED BOOKS 15. Principles of Material Science & Technology by William F. Smith, third edition, published by McGraw Hill, Inc. 1996. Materials Engineering by Willaim Callister The Science & Engineering of Materials by Donald R. Askeland, third edition Chapman and Hall, 1996. Material Science and Metallurgy, O.P. Khanna. Metallurgical Process, D.T. Davies. Elements of Metallurgy Introduction to Physical Metallurgy, Avener Materials & Process in Manufacturing, by E. Paul, De Garmo, PrenticeHall of India New Delhi 1997. 8th Edition. ENGINEERING ECONOMY Introduction Engineering economy defined; Measures of financial effectiveness; Non-monetary factors and multiple objectives; principles of engineering economy. The Economic Environment: Consumer and producer goods: Measures of economic worth; Prince, Supply & Demand relationship; Production, Factors of production; Laws of return. Cost Concepts & Analysis: Sunk & opportunity costs; Fixed, variable, and incremental costs; Recurring & nonrecurring costs; indirect, and overhead costs; Standard costs; Breakeven analysis; Unit cost of production; Cost-benefit analysis; Feasibility studies; Value analysis in designing & purchasing. Time Value of Money: Simple interest, Compound Interest, Cash flow diagrams, Interest formulas, Nominal versus effective interest rates, continuous compounding. Depreciation and Depletion Purpose of depreciation, types of depreciation, economic life, what can be depreciated. Salvage value.


Comparing Alternatives: Present economy, Selection among machines, materials, processes, and designs, Payback period method, Present worth method, Uniform annual cost method, Rate of return method, Present worth method, Uniform annual cost method, Rate of return method, Alternatives having identical live, Alternatives having different lives. Production Concepts & Mathematical Models: Manufacturing lead time, Production rate; Capacity: Utilization, Availability; Work in process; WIP and TIP ratios. Capital Financing and Budgeting: Types of ownership; types of stock; Partnership & joint stock companies; Banking & specialized credit institutions. RECOMMENDED BOOKS An Introduction to Industrial Economics, by P.J. Devine N. Lee, R.M. Johns and W.J. Tyson Unwin Hyman, London, 1988. st Engineering Economy, by Ed. 1 1967, MacMillan Co. Hand-book I.E. & Magt, Edit by Wgrant Ireson, and Eugine L. Grant, Ed. 2nd Prentice-Hall Inc. Modern Economic Theory, by K.K. Dewett. Economics, by Paul A. Samuelson. 16. NUMERICAL ANALYSIS & COMPUTER APPLICATIONS Introduction Digital computer characteristics; Operation and control components of hardware and software; Past and present developments in computers; Programming languages; Compilation; Batch processing and time sharing Peripheral devices. Fortran Statements Fortran constants and variables; Operations; Expressions; Functions; Fortran statements; Integral versus real variables. Fortran Programs: Free and formatted input and output statements; PAUSE STOP & ENG statements; Transfer of control; Flow charts; Unconditional GO TO: Computer GO TO; Arithmetic IF; logical IF; Counters; Program handling and debugging of source programs; Examples.


Input-Output Operations: Format field specification; Carriage control; other input-output statements; DATA statement: CHARACTER DAT, Execution time format; Direct access input-output; NAME LIST. Do Loops & Subscripted Variables: Do loops; Nested Do loops; Subscripted variables and arguments: DIMENSION statement; Multi-dimensional arrays and imaliad Do loops. Function & Subroutines: Concept of a function, subprogram & subroutine; Role of arguments; The statement function; Function subprogram, and subroutine; Common, Equivalence, BLOCK DATA, and external statement; Multiple ENTRY and Return; Application in medium size programs related to design and manufacturing. Computer Graphics: Introduction: Application of computers for graphics; Methods of Defining elements in computer graphics, Common editing features; Display control; Cross-hatching; Writing text: Layers: Dimensioning with variable setting. Application of Packages: Introduction to common world-processing, spreadsheet, and data base management packages available on personal computers. 17. BASIC ELECTRONICS Conduction in Solids: Introduction, mechanics of conduction, mobility, Bohrs model for the elements, energy level diagrams for solids, conductors, intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors, electron-hole pairs in an intrinsic semiconductor, distribution of electron and hole in conduction and valence bands, recombination and lifetime. Semiconductors and Diodes: Donar and acceptor impurities, zero biased, forward biased and reverse biased junction diodes, junction diode current equation, depletion barrier width and junction capacitance, diffusion capacitance, Zener and Avalanche break down, Hall effect, Fabrication of pn junction diodes.


Electron Emission Devices: Type of electron emissions, thermionic diodes, volt ampere characteristics, Child Langmuir Power Law, Gas filled diode, Thermionic triode, Parameters and characteristics, Tetrode, Pentode, And beam power tubes, Parameters and characteristics. Simple Diode Circuits and Applications: Mathematical and graphical analysis of diode circuits, The ideal and non ideal diodes, Piecewise linear models, Analysis of piecewise linear models of vacuum tube and unction diodes, The half wave rectifier, The inductance filter, The inductance capacitance filter circuits, zenor and gas diode, Voltage regulator circuits, Clamping and DC restorer circuits, Voltage doublers circuits, Clipping and limiting circuits. Bipolar and Field Effect Transistors: Transistor biasing and thermal stabilization, The operating point, Bias stability, Collector to base bias, Fixed bias, Emitter feedback bias, Stabilization for the self biased circuits, Field effect transistors, Basic principles and theory, Types, FET characteristics, Different configurations common gate, Common source and common drain, the FET, small signal model, Parameters, Biasing of the FET. Amplifier Circuits: Introduction h parameters, Hybrid model for transistor, Elementary treatment, Low frequency transistor amplifier circuits, Stage cascaded LF. RECOMMENDED BOOKS Electronic devices by Floyd, fifth edition, published by Prentice Hall International Electronic devices by R. Boylsted, sixth edition, published by Prentice Hall International Circuits approximation by Malvino




CONTENTS: 1. ROLE AND ORGANIZATION OF PERSONNEL FUNCTION Evolution of Theory and Practice of Personnel Management, Organization for the Personnel Function. BEHAVIORAL ASPECTS. Human Relations and Work Groups, Satisfaction, Management and Motivation. Motivation and Job



STAFFING Manpower Planning, Recruitment and selection policy issues, The employment process, The selection process. PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES. APPRAISAL AND MANAGEMENT BY


Basic considerations in Appraisal, Appraisal Methods, Management by objectives. 5. COMPENSATION ADMINISTRATION. Principal Compensation issues, Wage Criteria, Principles of Wage and Salary Administration, Wage incentive Plans. JOB DESIGN AND ANALYSIS. Job Design, Job Analysis, Job Evaluation. INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS Trade Unions and Management, Collective Bargaining, Settlement of Industrial Disputes.

6. 7.

RECOMMENDED BOOKS. 1 2 3. Pratt, K. J. & Bennett, S. G Elements of Personnel Management, Gee & Co (Publisher Ltd.).. 1997 Beach, Dale S Personnel: The Management People at Work. Fifth Edition Mac Millan,...1980 Megginson, David Et al Human Resources Development Kogan Page, ...1995



OPERATIONS RESEARCH Linear Programming: Historical development of Operations Research, Formulation of Model, Linear programming: Graphical Analysis and Solution, Simplex Method of Solution, Equality constraints, Inequality constraints, Big M method, Duality theory, Primal and Dual problems, & Sensitivity Analysis. Special Types of LP Problems: The transportation problem, North-west corner rule, Vogels approximation method, Russells method, Transshipment problem, Assignment problem. Programme Evaluation and Review Techniques. Introduction, Applications, Advantages, Limitations, Terms related, Guide line for construction of network, Solutions of Problems. Critical Path Method. Introduction, Applications, Terms related to CPM. (Activity, Event, Earliest starting time, Earliest finishing time, latest finishing time, latest starting time, kinds of floats) difference between PERT and CPM. Construction and solutions of the projects. Queuing Theory: Basic Queuing process, Assumptions for analysis, Queuing discipline and characteristics, Service mechanism, The birth and death process, Steady-state measures of performance, Single-server models, Multipleserver models, Machine servicing model. Dynamic programming: Recursive nature of computations in DP, Forward and backward recursion, Selected DP applications. Simulation Introduction to simulation and its application in manufacturing.

RECOMMENDED BOOKS Operation Research in Introduction by Hamdy A. Taha, sixth edition, published by Prentice Hall International editions, 1997. Basic Operational Research by Peter G. Moore


Operation Research, a Fundamental Approach by Shamblin Stevens, Jr. first edition, McGraw Hill, Inc. 1974. Introduction to Operations Research & Management Science by James L. Riggs & Michael s. Inoue first edition, McHill International 1975. TOTAL QUALTIY MANAGMENT Introduction to Quality Control Definitions of Quality, Scope and Categories of Quality Control, Objectives of Quality Control, Principles of Quality Control, Advantages of Quality Control, Importance of Quality Control, Dimensions of Quality, Evolution of Quality Control, Functions of Quality Control department, Factors Affecting Quality Statistical Quality Control Introduction, Advantages of Statistical Quality Control, Control charts (Theory & Problems), Purpose & advantages of control charts, Sampling plans, Operating characteristic Curve (O.C. curve) (Theory & Problems) Inspection. Introduction, Objects/Role of inspection, Principles & Problems of inspection, Methods of inspection, Kinds of inspection, Functions of inspection department, Difference between Inspections & Quality Control, Qualification of Inspectors, Inspection standards, Tools of Inspections Quality Assurance Introduction, Responsibilities of Quality Assurance department, Quality Assurance system, Causes of Quality failure, Economics of Quality, Reliability & Quality, Some consideration for achieving Reliability, Life testing & its Procedure, Objectives & classification of life test Total Quality Management (T.Q.M) Introduction, Requirements & Aims of T.Q.M, Ways for T.Q.M, Elements of T.Q.M, Tools, Demins points for implementing quality, Dimensions of an organization, Levels of customer satisfaction, Advantages. ISO 9000 Introduction, Need of ISO 9000, Scope of ISO 9000, Objectives of ISO 9000, Certification Requirements, Implementation Phases.



RECOMMENDED BOOKS. Principles of Quality Control by Jerry Banks John Wiley & sons New York 1989 Introduction to Statistical Quality Control by Douglas L.. Montgomery John Wiley & Sons. ISO 9000 for Small Business by Ray Tricker Butter Worth- Heine mann Linacre House, Jordan Hill Oxford 1997 Production/Operations Management by William J. Stevensm Richard. D. IRWAN. Inc. Toppan Company 1988 Total Quality Control by Armand. V. Feigenbaum Mc. Graw Hill Book Company. 1986. Fundamentals of Quality Control & Improvement by amitava Mitra, scfond edition Prentice-Hall International, 1998. Statistical quality control by Eugene L. Grant, Richards Leaven Werth, sixth edition, published by Mc. Graw Hill International 21. BUSINESS COMMUNICAITONS & ETHICS Business English: Writing formal and business letters and memos: Drafting notices and minutes; Theoretical knowledge and comprehension of contracts and agreements; preparing proposals and conducting and writing research project reports. Participating proposals and conducting and writing research project reports. Participating in seminars and interviews, and writing and presenting conference papers; Solving IELTS type papers. Engineering Ethics Definition of code of ethics: Review of code of ethics of national and international engineering bodies. Relationship between ethics and human rights and their importance in human settlements and societies. 22. WORK STUDY & METHODS ENGINEERING Introduction. Definition and concept of Work Study, Need for Work Study, Objectives of Work Study. Method Study (Motion Study) Definition of Method Study, Procedure of Method Study, Process Analysis, Process Chart, Process Chart Symbols, outline process chart Flow process charts, Multiple activity charts Two handed process charts, Flow diagram, string diagram, Travel chart, Templates & Models, cyclegraph and chronocydegraph, Thirbligs, Design of work place layout, Micromotion study and micromotion analysis, Memomotion study, work simplification.


Work Measurement (Time Study). Definition and concept of work measurement, work measurement technique, Stop watch time study, Applications of time study, Time study equipments, selecting the job to be timed, selection of workers for time study, for time study, performance Rating, Systems of Rating, Predetermined motion time system (P.M.T.S.), Method-Time Measurement (M. T. M.), work factor, work sampling. Productivity and Work Study. Introduction, Productivity, How to increase Productivity, steps to increase productivity, purpose to increase productivity, Production and productivity, Role of /work Study in raising Productivity, Productivity measurement System. The Human Context of Work Study. Introduction, Work Study and the trade union, work study and the top management, work study and the worker, work study and labour control. Fatigue and Principles of Improving Working Efficiency. Introduction, Fatigue, Factors effecting the degree of fatigue, Motivation, Improving the Working Efficiency by principles of motion economy. Organization and training of Work Study Dept. Place of Work Study department, Organization or work study department, Selection and training of work study staff, Learning curve, Production progress Functions, Effect of practice. Work Study Practicals. Design of flow process charts (Man type and Material type),Outline line process charts (Existing and proposed Methods), Two handed (left and right hand) process charts, Process charts using therbligs, Flow diagrams, Activity charts, Gang process charts, Man Machine Charts, String diagrams, String diagrams, Travel charts. RECOMMENDED BOOKS. rd Introduction to Work Study by ILO. Geneva 3 ed -1979. Work Study By O. P. Khanna by Dhanpat Rai & Sons, Delhi 6th ed-1985 th Text book of Work Study by S, Dalela 7 ed 1983 Standard Publishers, Delhi Motion & Time Study by Ralph M Burus 7th ed-1980 Johan Wiley & Sons.



INDUSTRIAL SAFETY & ENVIRONMENT Safety Management Understanding accident and hazard control and loss control, Company policy and management responsibilities, Direct and indirect cost, Accident causes and their control, Principles and processes of lost control, Knowledge of existing safety codes and standards. Accident Prevention and Control: Fire safety, Electrical Safety, Safety in boilers and unfired pressure vessels and high pressure systems, Safety in material handling and storage, Safety in production operations (hand portable power tools, Wood working machinery, welding and cutting, metal working machinery, cold and hot forming of metals, automated lines system and processes). Process Safety Management Development of facility operation and procedures, Analysis of process hazard, permit to work systems, Hazard communication (Material safety date sheet), Chemical inventory record, Accident reporting and investigation, Ensuring mechanical integrity. Industrial Hygiene and Workers Protection: Understanding industrial hygiene, Various hazards encountered in workplace, Types of personal protective equipment (PPE), Availability in market their design standards and selection criteria. Environment Management Environment pollution, Air emission management, Waste management, Waste water treatment and control, Soil and ground water protection, Introduction to Pakistan Environment Protection Act 11997 and National Environment Quality Standards, key elements of ISO 14000.

Recommended Books Fire Protection for Industry, Stephen R. Hoover VAN NOSTRAN REINHOLD NEW YORK. 1991 Safety at work John Ridley, Butter worth & Co. Ltd 1978 A Guide to Effective Industrial Safety, Jack W. Boley, Gulf Publishing Company Texas 1990



ADVANCE MATHEMATICAL TEHCNIQUES Improper Integrals: Definitions, Types of improper integral and their convergence. Elliptic Integrals: Introduction and identification of elementary elliptic integrals of first, second and third kinds. Simple applications. Differentiation & Integration under an Integral: Leibnizs theorem on differentiation of an integral, change of order of a double integral. Numerical Analysis: Introduction, algorithm, Rounding off an error, Classes of approximating functions and their criteria. Finite Differences: Various operators used. Interpolation; Definitions and notations. Interpolation with equal intervals. Newtons formula with numerical problems in Engineering. Interpolation with unequal intervals. Newtons formula for divided differences. LaGranges formula with applications involving polynomials of degree not more than five. Interactive methods for solving polynomials of degree not more than five. Interactive methods for solving linear simultaneous algebraic equations. Numerical differentiation and integration. Simple methods of obtaining approximate solutions of non-linear equations. Fourier Series: Introduction, Euler-fourier formulaic, even and odd functions.


MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM Management Information Concepts Information system defined, Computer based information system, Functions of an information system, Manager and information needs, The role of managers, Management levels and information needs.


The System Development Life Cycle: Reasons to develop information systems, System analysis, Problem definition, Requirements analysis, System analysis tools, System design, Logical design stage, System design tools, Prototyping and its effects on the system development life cycle, System implementation, Testing and installation stage, Training and system maintenance. File and Database Processing: File management systems, Database processing, Database management systems, Database Models: The hierarchical model, The network model, The relational model, Object-oriented Model, Database design considerations. Managing Database: Distributed databases, Knowledge-based systems. Uses of knowledge-based systems. RECOMMENDED BOOKS 26. Management Information System by Charles Parker & Thomas Case 2 edition, MCGraw Hills, 1993. Management Information System by Gordan & B. Davis PRODUCTION PLANNING & CONTROL Introduction. Definition and concept of production planning and control objectives of production planning and control functions of production planning and control, Manufacturing Systems. Introduction, Types of Production Size of plant, The types of Industry, Production Planning, Production Control. Product Development and Design. Introduction, Company Policy, Effect of Competition on design, Long range Planning, Product Analysis, Marketing aspect, Product Characteristics. Economic Analysis Introduction, Profit and Competitiveness, The Three Ss (i.e. Standardization, Simplification and Specialization), Preferred number, The break-even Analysis, The economics of a new design, Production aspect.


Dispatching and follow-up Introduction, Dispatching procedures, Follow-up, Need for follow-up, Qualities of a chaser, Types of follow-up, Lauses of delay. Production Scheduling. Introduction, Forms of Schedule, Loading & Scheduling, Basic Scheduling Problems, Production Loading, Multi product scheduling in batch production, The Simulation technique, Product Sequencing, sequencing analysis. Elements of Control Procedure. Introduction, stages & activities of control, Designing a new procedure, Effect of demand on inventories, Restrictions on out put increase, Stock Control Systems. RECOMMENDED BOOKS. Elements of Production Planning and Control by Samuel Eilon Revised Edition 1997. Production Planning and Inventory Control by Magee Bookman 2nd Edition The Principles of Production Control by J. L. Burbidge 3rd Ed, 1971. rd Basic Production Management by E. S. Buffa 3 Ed, 1975. 27. MANUFACTURING STRATEGY Introduction Nature and scope of tool manufacturing engineering, place of manufacturing engineering in an industrial organization, process planning, routing and tool orders process planning procedures. Basic machine tool elements Machine tools, cutting tools, elements, motors, holding work pieces, handling work pieces and tools, control systems, operations and performance. Manufacturing infrastructure development Manufacturing infrastructure issues, infrastructure development, some organizational issues, the role of specialists, operational effects of structural decisions, strategy based alternatives, some key areas of operational control, control of quality, control of inventory, control of manufacturing.


Focused manufacturing Focused manufacturing, focus and the product life cycle, progression or regression in focused manufacturing, experience curves, areas of activity which will affect the rate of cost improvement, experience curves and manufacturing strategy, limits of the experience curve, experience curves and focus. Manufacturing implications of corporate marketing decisions Strategic dominance perspectives over time, reasons for manufacturings reactive role in corporate strategy, the way forward, establishing the order-winning criteria of different Products, the outputs of manufacturing strategy. Capacity planning and control what is capacity? Planning and controlling capacity, measuring demand and capacity, the alternative capacity plans, chousing a capacity planning and control approaches. The operations challenge The strategy challenge, strategies must be ethical, strategies must be international, strategies must be creative, strategies must be implemented. Recommended books Manufacturing Strategy:The Strategic Management of the Manufacturing Function by Terry Hill MacMillan Education Ltd, London 1995. Operations Management by Nigel Slack, Stuart Chambers, Christine Harland, Alan Harrison and Robert Johnston - Pitman Publishing Company, London, 1995. Production and Operations Management: (Fifth Edition) by Ray Wild. Chassell Educational Ltd, London, 1995. Competitive Manufacturing Management by John M. Nicholas Mc Grow-Hill, New York 1998 Manufacturing Technology by M. Hasslehurst Viva Books Private Ltd., New Delhi, 1998



PRINCIPLES OF DECISION MAKING NATURE OF DECISION MAKING. Introduction, Decision making processes, Decision making techniques, Nature of management decisions, Characteristics of decision making, Decision making under risk, Decision Making under certainty, Decision making under uncertainty. DECISION ANALYSIS APPROACH. Introduction, Problem identification and model structuring, Specification of objectives, Definition of time horizon, Alternative actions, Uncertain consequences, Decision tree diagram, Assessment of Consequences, Decision criteria. DECISION MODEL STRUCTURING. Introduction, Decision elements, Definition of problems and decomposition into decision elements, Single and multiple stage decisions, Single stage decision models, Two stage decision models, Other linked decisions. BEHAVIORAL ASPECTS OF DECISION ANALYSIS. Introduction, The limitations of decision analysis, The assumption of Single decision maker, The biases in probability assessment (Representative ness, Availability, Anchoring and Adjustment), Impart of biases in decision analysis. CAPITAL INVESTIMENT DECISIONS. Introduction, Present Value, Investment, Types of investment, Applications to investment decision, Average rate of return DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEMS. Introduction, Decision Support system components, Decision support system and decision making, Design of decision support system for strategic planning support.

RECOMMENDED BOOKS. Managerial Decision Analysis by DANNY SAMSON, RICHARD D. st IRWIN. INC. 1 Ed 1988 Basic Production Management by E. S. BUFFA. JOHN WILLEY AND SONS. INC. 3rd Ed 1975



Management Accounting Principles by ROBERT N. ANTHONY AND rd JAMES S. REECE. 3 Ed.1975 For Concept to Production A Managerial Approach by: N. G. ANDERSON TAYLOR AND FRANCIS LTD. Ed, 1975 Engineering Management by FRAIDOON MAZDA ADDIJON-WESLEY. HUMAN FACTORS ENGINEERING. Introduction Introduction to Human Factors Engineering, Focus, scope and objectives of Human Factors Engineering, Approach and history of Human Factors Engineering, Consequences of not using Human Factors Engineering, Human Characteristics relevant to ergonomics. Areas of study in ergonomics, The system approach and aspects of system design process. Information in Human factors engineering Information in Human Perspective, Concept of information, Measuring the information Types of information by displaying, Role of Human Factors Engineering in artificial Intelligence, information by text, graphics and symbols. Anthropometry and the design of work places. Anthropometry, Types of Anthropometry, Body Dimensions of Various organs, Anthropometric data of U.S. citizens Anthropometric data, The purpose seating, Principles of seating design, The design of seating, Procedure for designing equipment and work space, Failure of design, Anthropology and its types. The environment Climatic Factors, Noise and Vibration, Sound and its measurements, Effects of noise on various organs. (Psychological, Physiological) Effects on performance, Preventue measures Vision and lighting Illumination, Types of Illumination, Measurement of light, Principles of Good lighting, Effects of illumination.


Reduction of human error Basic concept of reduction of Human Error, Nature of Human Error, Frequency of Human Error, Error Characteristics, Why people make error, Methods for reducing the errors. Design of control. Introduction, The role of control in advance technology, Special control devices, Criteria for control design, Interaction between Control and their user, Control and their functions, Control and display layout. RECOMMENDED BOOKS. nd Industrial Engineering Hand-Book 2 Ed by H. B. Maynard. rd Factory and Production Management 3 Ed.1974 by K. G. Locker Pitman. Applied Ergonomics by: Lan Galer & Butter worths-1987 Human Factors in Engineering & Design.by Sanders & Mc Cormick (7th Edition) 1993


PRODUCTION SYSTEM DESIGN INTORDUCTION. Functions of Production Management, Designing and Operating Production Systems, Classifying Production Systems. DESIGN OF PRODUCTION SYSTEMS. Capacity Planning and Decisions, Defining and measuring capacity, Determinants of effective capacity, Determining capacity requirements. PRODUCT AND SERVICE DESIGN. Product life cycles, Product design and development, Product research and development. FORECASTING Forecasting in operations, Basic Forecasting models for operations. (simple average Model, Simple Moving Average, Weight Moving average).


RECOMMENED BOOKS. nd Ed1988 by Production Operations Management 2 STEVENSION,WILLIAN, J. IRWIN INC. Toppan Company Tokyo Japan. rd Production and Operations Management 3 Ed..1986 by ADAM, E. EVERETT, JR. & EBERF, J. RONALD Prentice Hall. Operations Management2nd Ed.1987 by MONKS, JOSEPH G.McGrawHill. Basic Production Management 2nd Ed 1975 by BUFFA, ELWOOD S. JOHN WILEY AND SONS.


LOGISTIC & INVENTORY CONTROL Introduction The Supply Chain, Developing a Value based Supply Chain, value as a Concept, Optimization of Supply Chain . For mutating a supply chain strategy Introduction, Formulating Strategy: Identifying the criteria for evaluating strategic fit, the logistic strategy. Forming strategic partnerships and alliances. Introduction, Collaborative advantage: The art of strategic relationships, Strategic relationships in logistics, process methodology. Facility decisions Introduction, Some issues concerning marketing channels functions, Determining the facilities requirement profile, Managing logistics facilities. Organization design and management of the supply chain Introduction, the Customer-led business, Developing the logistics organization for effective supply chain management, Issues in Labour management and Labour relations. Supply chain development. Introduction, the market facing organization, Developing the logistics organization, Eliminate the non-value added activities, order fulfillment groups. The customer service dimension Introduction, Customer service and Customer retension, Identifying Customers Service needs, Defining Customer service objectives, Setting customer service priorities, Setting Customer Service standards.


RECOMMENDED BOOKS Managing the Supply Chain : A Strategic Perspective by J. L. Gattorna and D.W. Walters MacMillan Business company, London, 1996 Just in time by P. J. O Grady Kogan page Limited 120 Bentonville Road, London, 1988. Logistic and Supply Chain Management: Strategies for reducing costs and improving services by Martin Christopher Pitman Pu INDUSTRIAL MAINTENANCE Industrial Maintenance Introduction, Objectives of maintenance, Advantages of maintenance, Functions of maintenance department, Plant maintenance, Importance of plant maintenance, Considerations in designing plant maintenance. Basic Considerations for Industrial Maintenance. Requirements for good maintenance, Evaluation for maintenance performance, Maintenance & Profitability, Economic aspects of maintenance. Maintenance Management. Different systems of maintenance. (a) (b) (c) Corrective or break down maintenance, Causes of equipment break down, Disadvantages of break down maintenance. Scheduled maintenance. Preventive maintenance, Objectives of Preventive maintenance, Elements of Preventive maintenance, Advantages of Preventive maintenance Predictive maintenance, Maintenance Procedure & control Replacement Analysis Introduction, Reasons for Replacement, Factors considered for Replacement, Methods used in Replacement. (a) (b) (c) Total life average method Annual cost method Present worth method




RECOMMENDED BOOKS. Industrial Maintenance Reference Guide, Robert C. Rosaler, P.E, Mc Graw-Hill Book Company 1990. Maintenance Managers Standard Manual, Thom as A. Wester-Kamp 2nd edition1997 Prentice Hall U.K. Maintenance Planning and Control, Anthony Kelly, Butter Worths Publishers 1987

DISSERTATION/PROJECT REPORTS Selected problems requiring design, manufacturing, development of problem specific software, preparation of drawings, fabrication of prototype/models and laboratory experimentation shall be assigned to individual students or groups of students. Grading shall be based on the reports produced by individual students and their critical evaluation through an oral examination. OPTIONAL SUBJECTS 1. BASIC BUSINESS MANAGEMENT CONCEPT OF BUSINESS AND ENTERPRISE Introduction, objectives of business, the growth of industry, functions of enterprise. MANAGEMENT CONCEPTS AND SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMETN introduction, principles of management, functions of management, aims and scope of scientific management, levels of management. BUSINESS ORGANIZATION AND PROMOTION Introduction, ownership organization and business combinations, organizational structure, types and principles of business organization, organization development and improvement. PLANT LOCATION, LALYOUT AND PHYSICAL FACILITIES Introduction, concept and factors governing plant location, principles of plant layout, types of plant layout, considerations in designing a building (future expansion, lighting, heating, air-conditioning etc.).


JOB EVALUATION AND MERIT RATING Definition and concept, Job evaluation, objectives of job evaluation, procedures and methods of job evaluation, merit rating, objectives and methods of merit rating, advantages and disadvantages of merit rating. COST ACCOUNTING IN BUSINESS. Introduction objectives of cost accounting in business, elements of cost accounting, numerical examples, nature of business finance, significance of business finance, rising of finance. MARKET RESEARCH AND SALES FORECOASTING. Introduction, objects of market research, undertaking market research, marketing functions, sales forecasting, long-term forecasting, shortterm forecasting, forecasting techniques. RECOMMENDED BOOKS Production Management by Dr. L. N. Agarwal and Dr. K. C. Jan Khana publishers, 1995, 2-B, Nath market, Naisarak, Delhi-110006. Business Management by Jahn A. Shubin Earnes and Beble 1995,

Industrial Engineering by Dr. B. Kumar Khana Publishers, 1989 Delhi. Industrial Engineering and Management Science. by T. T. Banga, N. K. Agarwal and S. C. Sharma Khana Publishers, 1992, Delhi. Industrial Engineering and Management by Dr. O. P. Khana Dhanpat Rai and Sons, 1993. Small Business Management Fundamentals Fourth edition by Dan Steinhoff and John F. Burgess Mc Graww-Hill Book Company, 1986. Business Administration Second Edition by Morris E. Hurley, Prentsce-Hall of India Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi. Hand book of Industrial Engineering by Gavriel Salvendy, John Willey and Sons, 1982.



MANUFACTURING PROCESS Sand Casting: Introduction; Sand casting procedures; Pattern making; Material types and construction of patterns; Pattern allowances; Moulding process; Moudling materials; Tools and equipment; Testing of sand; Moulding machines; Core making; Types of cores; Core making machines; Shell moulding; Plaster molding; Centrifugal casting; Trimming and finishing of castings; Seasoning of castings; Inspection of castings. Die Casting: Pressure die casting; Vacuum die casting; Gravity die casting; Die casting machines; Hot chamber and Cold Chamber methods; Die casting alloys; Die design, construction, and material; Dies casting. Welding Processes: Classification of welding processes; Oxyacetylene welding, oxygen torch cutting, and flame straightening; Arc welding; Shielded are welding, Gas tungsten are welding, Gas metal arc welding, Flux-cored arc welding, submerged arc welding, plasma arc welding, stud welding, ,spot welding, Seam welding, Projection welding; Other welding processes; Forge welding, Roll welding, Friction welding, explosion welding, thermit welding, Electron beam welding, Laser welding and cutting; Brazing and Soldering. Fabrication of Plastics: Casting; Blow moulding; Compression moulding; Transfer moulding; Cold moulding; Injection moulding; Reaction injection moulding; Vacuum forming; Welding of plastics. Machining Processes and Machine Tools: Machine tools using single point tools: Description, functions and operation performed on lathe, shaper, Planer, and boring machines; work holding devices. Machine tools using multiple cutting edge tools: Description, functions, and operations performed on drilling, milling, gear cutting, and broaching machines. Machine tools using abrasive wheels; description and functions of various types of grinding machines; wheel dressing, and wheel balancing; Honing, lapping, and super finishing operations; thread manufacturing.


Non-traditional machining processes such as EDM, ECM & ultrasonic machining. Machining parameters: Determination of machining time and material removal rate for various machining operations,. Cutting tool material characteristics; Cutting tool materials, tool steels. HSS, Cubic Boron Nitrides; Tool Geometry, Tool life, Tool wear and machinability; Taylors Tool life model, sharpening and Reconditioning of cutting tools; Basic concept and design of jigs and fixtures. RECOMMENDED BOOKS Manufacturing Engineering & Technology by Serope Kalapakjian third edition, published by Addison Wesley published company. Materials & Processes in Engineering by Paul Degarmo, Black & Kohser eighth edition published by Prentice Hall Publication 1988. Machine Tool Practices by Kibbe, Neely, Meyer & While Third Edition Published by McGraw Hill. Modern Welding by Althouse, Turnquist & Bowditch published by Good Heart Wilcox Company. Processes and Materials of Manufacturing by Roy A. Lindberg, Fourth Edition, Prentice Hill, Inc. 1990. METROLOGY AND GAUGING Standardization: Introduction, product simplification & diversification, interchangeability, selective assembly, principles, preparation of standards, application of standards in design and manufacturing, applying for patents, international & National standard organizations Standards of length: Lights waves as standard of length, design & operation of linear measuring instruments, slip & block gauges, length bars, limits and fits, limit gauges, sine bar, comparators; mechanical, electrical, pneumatic & optical. Measurement: Errors in measurement, sensitivity, accuracy & variation, economics of measurement, measurement of square ness, flatness, straightness, roundness, gear & screw threads, advanced measuring and inspection, non-contact measurement.


Surface Texture: Roughness lay waviness & flaws. CLA, & RMS values, predication of roughness in turning, drilling, milling, & grinding, Measurement of roughness, Average values of roughness for various manufacturing processes. Machine Tool Metrology Alignment tests, level of installation, spindle straightness, flatness, & square ness. RECOMMENDED BOOKS Materials & processes in manufacturing by E. Paul Degarmo, J.T. Black, Ronald A Kohser, eighth edition, Prentice Hall, Inc. 1997 rd Manufacturing Engineering & Technology by Serope Kalpakjian, 3 edition, Addison-Wesley publishing company. Metrology & Gauging by S.A.I. Parsons, Second Edition rd Senior Workshop Calculations by W.A.J. Chapman, 3 edition, S.I. units. ANALYSIS OF MANUFACTURING PROCESSES Mechanics of Orthogonal Metal Cutting: Chip formation; Thin-zone and Thick-zone models for analysis; Shear angle relationships; Role of friction in metal cutting; Predication of forces. Shear angle; Velocity relationships; Force and stress relationships. Tool Life & Tool Wear Forms of wear in metal cutting, Tool life criteria, Variables affecting tool life, Taylors tool life equation, generalized tool life equation, Methods of tool life testing data. Economics of Metal Cutting: Application of minimum cost per piece, maximum production rate, and maximum profit rate criteria in turning operations. Metal Forming: Stress: stress tensor, equilibrium equations, stress transformation equations, plane stress, Mohrs circle for stress transformation. Strain; plane strain, strain tensor, strain transformation equations, isotropic elasticity, strain energy. Bulk forming, sheet forming, Yield criteria, Plastic work, Plastic instabilit8y. effective stress, Effective strain, Flow rules for plastic stress-strain relations.



Work Hardening: Tensile test, mechanical properties, Nominal & true stress-strain curves, Work hardening expression, Behaviour after necking, Direct compression, Bulge test, Plane-strain compression test. Bulk Forming Analysis: Ideal work method, efficiency factors, extrusion and rod drawing, force balance or slab analysis, deformation zone geometry, sheet drawing, flat rolling, direct compression in plane strain, sheet bending, formability. RECOMMENDED BOOKS Manufacturing Engineering & Technology by Serope Kalapakjian third edition, published by Addison Wesley publishing company. Materials & Processes in Engineering by Paul Degarmo, Black & Kohser eighth edition published by Prentice hall publication Processes and Materials of Manufacturing by Roy A. Lindberg, fourth edition, Prentice Hall, Inc. 1990. 5. TOOL DESIGN Introduction to Jigs and Fixtures: Operation analysis, Design procedure for drilling jig and milling fixture, Basic design principles. Locating and clamping methods Principles of location, locating pins, plugs and holes, conical locating, adjustable locators, Clamping principles, classification and design of various clamps with typical applications. Jigs for drilling operation. Classification of drill bushes and their applications, Jig and machine relationship body and feet, classification of jigs, jig construction, design examples. Fixtures for milling and turning and other machining operations Fixture and machine relationship, classification of fixtures, tool setting. Tools for lathe operations, milling cutters, drills, reamers and broaches. Fixtures for milling and turning and other machining operations Fixture and machine relationship, classification of fixtures, tool setting. Tools for lathe operations, milling cutters, drills, reamers and broaches.


Fundamentals of die design Introduction to press working, press terminology. Materials for press tools, design consideration of piercing, blanking and shearing dies. Design of bending, drawing and forming dies. RECOMMENDED BOOKS 6. Advanced Die-Making by ED. Engene Ostergaard Tool-Design by Donaldson & Gould Jigs & Fixtures by Holvin & Haos Die-Design handbook Society of Manufacturing Engineer Tool-design, third edition 1973, published by Mc Graw Hill Boook Co. Advanced Die-Making, National Tool, Die & Precision Machinery Association 1967, published by Mc Graw Hill Book Co. Handbook of fixture design 1962, Society of Manufacturing Engineer AUTOMATION & ROBOTICS Automation: Automation defined; Types of automation; Reasons for automation; Arguments for & against automation. Production operations & Automation Strategies: Manufacturing industries; Types of production; Functions in manufacturing; Organization & information processing in manufacturing; Plant layout; Production concepts & mathematical models; Automation strategies. Automotive Type Automation: Automated flow lines; Methods of work-part transport; Transfer mechanism; Buffer storage; Control functions; Automation for machining operations; Design & fabrication considerations. Analysis of Automated Flow Lines: General terminology & analysis, Analysis of transfer lines without storage, Partial automation. Line Balancing: The assembly process, Assembly systems, Manual assembly lines, The line balancing problem; Methods of line balancing; Largest candidate rule, Kilbridge & Westers method, Ranked positional weights method.


Robotics Technology & Applications: Robot anatomy, Accuracy & Repeatability, Robot specifications, End effectors, Characteristics of Robot applications, Robot cell design, Types of Robot applications. 7. PLANT ENGINEERING Thermal Power Plants Basic principles and cycles used; Steam power plants; Diesel power plants; gas power plants; combined heat and power generation. Internal Combustion Engines Basic Internal Engine Types: Spark ignition engines; Compression Ignition engines; speed and load control; supercharging. Idealized cycle and processes; Otto cycle; Diesel cycle. Fuels, high and heavy fuel oil. Steam Generators and Turbines: Properties of Steam; Enthalpy and entropy diagram; Rankine cycle, Steam power Plant; Boilers; Feed water pump; Air Pre-heaters; Economizers; Super-heaters; Condensers, Boiler Types; Fire tube and water tube designs. Steam turbines; impulse and reaction types; backpressure and extractive turbines. Air-conditioning and Ventilation: Principles of air-conditioning; Comfort and industrial air-conditioning; refrigeration equipment; primary and secondary refrigeration; ventilation equipment, Psychometric chart and its use; calculation of the simple air conditioning system. Temperature and humidity control; pneumatic, electric and hydraulic systems. Pumps & Compressors



SOLID STATE VARIABLE SPEEED DRIVES Variable Speed Drive Systems Elements of drive systems. The mechanical systems, Compressors, Centrifugal pumps or fans, constant power drives. Transportation drives, Winch drive, Crane hoist. Required drive characteristics. Types of sources. Selection of Drive elements. DC Motors Characteristics of separately and self excited D motors. Classical methods of speed control of DC Motors. Speed control of induction motors by classical methods. Induction Motors: Equivalent circuit, analysis of performance using equivalent circuit. Characteristics of induction motors. Speed control of induction motors by classical methods. Solid State AC to DC Converters: Semi conductor power devices, Power diodes, Thyristors, Transistors and MOSFETS. Single phase uncontrolled, Semi and fully controlled bridge rectifiers. Solid State DC Drives Single phase and Three phase DC drives using single phase and three phase converters. Solid State Chopper Drives: Introduction to DC choppers. Chopper for DC drives Solid State Inverters: Single and three phase inverter circuits. Square wave and PWM inverters. Voltage source and current source inverters. Solid State AC Drives Inverter fed AC drives. Voltage and frequency control techniques, analysis of performance.



MANAGERIAL ACCOUNTING BASIC ACCOUNTING CONCEPT. Definition of managerial accounting, Money measurement concept, Difference b/w financial accounting & managerial accounting, Similarities b/w financial and managerial accounting, Balance sheet, Financial statement, Income Statement. ACCOUNTING RECORDS AND SYSTEMS. Book keeping, Debit & Credit, The Ledger, The Journal, The trial Balance, Work Sheet. CAPITAL INVESTMENT DECISIONS. Applications to investment decisions, Return on investment, Cash inflow, Economic life, Required rate of return. FINANCIAL STATEMENT ANALYSIS. Over all measures, Investment turn over and profit margin, Tests of investment utilization, Assets and their types. LIABILITIES AND OWNERS EQUITY. Relationship between income and owners equity, Nature of liabilities, Types of liabilities, Owners equity, Retained earnings, Proprietorship and partnership. COST ACCOUNTING & CONTROL. Basic concept, Elements of cost, Classification of cost, Direct cost & indirect cost, Product cost and period cost, Depreciation, Causes of depreciation, Methods of calculating depreciation, Operating leverage, Break even analysis BASIC FRAME WORK OF BUDGETING Objectives of budget, Advantages of budget, Personal budgets, Uses of budget, Classification of budget, Operating budget.

RECOMMENDED BOOKS. Management Accounting Principles by Robert N. Anthony and James S. Reece Essential Accounting for Managers by AP. Robson Cassell 1979


Management Accounting by J. Batty (4th edition) Introduction to Financial Management by Iqbal Mathur 1979 Industrial Engineering & Management by O. P. Khanna. Managerial Accounting by Jack L smith. Robert M. Keith. William L Stephens Managerial Accounting (Concept for Planning, control, decision making.) th (7 Edition) by Ray H. Garrison & Eric W. Noreen. ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOUR Introduction Defining Organizational Behavior Responding to Global and cultural diversity. Individual Foundations of Individual Behavior, Perception and Individual, Decision Making values, Attitudes and Job satisfaction, Basic Motivation concept and their applications. The Group Foundations of Group Behavior, Work Teams, Communication, Leadership, power and Politics, Conflict, Negotiations and Intergroup behavior. Organization System Foundations of Organization Structure, Technology, Work Design and stress, Organizational Culture. Organizational Dynamics Organizational Change and Development, Resistance to change, Approaches to Managing Organizational Change


RECOMMENDED BOOKS Organizational Behavior by Robbins; Stephen R. 7th edition, Prentice Hall. 1996.



MARKETING PRINCIPLES & PRACTICES. Introduction: Role & Scope of Marketing. Role & Functions of Marketing, Different definitions of Marketing, Scope of Marketing Management, Classification of Marketing activities. Marketing Concept. Needs, Wants & Demands, Exchange Process, Company Orientation, Toward the Market Place, Marketing Mix, Marketing Environment. Building Consumer Satisfaction, Defining Customer value & satisfaction, Retaining Customers. Consumer Buying Behaviour. Social influence on consumers, Informational influences on consumers, Consumer Behavior and Market Segmentation. Marketing Strategies. Principal Marketing Strategies, Strategic Alternatives, Marketing program strategies, Pricing Decisions, Selecting the pricing objectives, Factors effecting price sensitivity, Selecting a Pricing Method. Advertising. Setting Advertising objectives, Deciding on Advantaging Budget, Deciding on Advertising Message. Dimensions of Industrial Marketing. Contrasting Industrial & Consumer Marketing. Diversity of Industrial Consumers. Unique Characteristics of organizational procurement.

RECOMMENDED BOOKS Marketing Management by Koller, Philip 8th edition Prentice Hall 1994. Marketing Management by Tull Donalds S, Kahle, Lynnr RMax Well Macmillan, 1990. Industrial Marketing II Edition by Reeder, Robert R, Brierty, Edward G Prentice Hall 1991



COMPUTER INTEGRATED MANUFACTURING INTRODUCTION Objectives for implementing CIM, scope of small and medium enterprises (SMEs), CIM and its implication on SMEs. Reasons of automation. Barriers to CIM adoption in SMEs. COMPUTER INTERGRATED MANUFACTURING & SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES. Introduction. Computer integrated manufacturing. The history of CIM. Computerized elements of CIM system. The evolving role of CIM. Components of CIM in an organization. Characteristics of CIM. Small and medium enterprises. Competitiveness of SMEs. Need for competitiveness. The critical success factors in SMEs competitiveness (basic role played by the owner/manager in the competitiveness of SME Competitiveness strategies. JUSTIFICATION CRITERIA FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF CIM IN SMEs. Introduction. Benefits of CIM technology in SMEs. Deficiencies of CIM technology in SMEs. Implementation of CIM in SMEs. Implementation issues of CIM. Implementation methodology. The implementation team. Experience of SMEs with automation. Classification of the literature on CIM in SMEs. STRATEGIC ALLIANCES AND TOP MANAGEMENT SUPPORT. Introduction. Organizational abilities of the companies. Commitment from top management. Net working. Joint ventures, government support. Supply chain management. Research and development (R& D). Organizational structure. BUSINESS STRUCTURE. Introduction. Frequently transfer of technological know-how with large scale industries. Collaboration with local universities. Close collaboration with their counterparts. Skills in information technology. Close working with key suppliers and customers. STRUCTURAL CHARACTERISTICS. Introduction. Number of products produced. Improvements in product development. Improvement in shop floor operation. Focused marketing. Marketing objectives of the companies. Impact on market share, lead


time improvement. Increased productivity. Automated purchasing. Employee empowerment. Training and education. Incentive and rewards. Sales and demand management. Forecasting. SYSTEM INTEGRATION. Introduction. Internet. Fax. E-mails. Multimedia. Electronic Data Interchange (EDI). Computer Aided Design/Manufacturing (CAD/CAM). Computer Aided Process Planning (CAPP). Automated Guided Vehicles (AGVs). Just-In-Time (JIT). Total Quality Management (TQM). Flexible Manufacturing Systems (FMS). Business Process Reengineering (BPR). RECOMMENDED BOOKS: CIM justification and optimization by Lin, G.C.I., and Nagalingan, S.V., Taylor and Francis, London, 2002. Small and Medium Enterprises: technology and competitiveness by Esttime, M., drihon, G., and Julien, P, OECD. Paries 1993. Management Policies of Computer Integrated Manufacturing Robotics, By A. Gunasekaran Hand book of Industrial Robotic, Second Edition, Edited by Nof, S. Y., John, Wiley and Sons 1999. Advanced Manufacturing Technology Management. By Harisson, M. Pitman publishing company 1990. Operations Management by Slack, N., Chambers, S., Harland, C., Harrison, A., and Johnston, R.Pitchman Publishing, 128 long Acre, London 1995. CIM Principles of Computer Integrated Manufacturing by Waldner, J. B.,John Wiley and Sons Ltd. Chichester, England, 1992. 13. INTRODUCITON TO FLEXIBLE MANUFACTURING SYSTEM

Chapter- 1
Fundamental of manufacturing & Automation Introduction Automation Defined Reasons for Automation Arguments for & against automation Types of Automation & Production Functions of Manufacturing

Numerical Control Production Systems Numerical Control (NC), History of NC, CNC Machines Coordinate System & Machine Motions


Types of NC & CNC systems MCU & other Components of the NC/CNC System CNC Input Media NC/CNC Tape formats & Code Standards CNC Applications Advantages & Disadvantages of CNC Writing CNC Programs (Part Programming).

Industrial Robots Robot Defined, Robot Anatomy Rationale for Industrial Robots Selection of Robots Control Systems Accuracy & Repeatability Robot end Effectors Sensors in Robot Programming & Control Robot Applications

Flexible Manufacturing Chapter-V Materials Handling Systems Function of MHS Types of Material Handling Equipments Analysis of MHS Design of the System Conveyer System AGU System NC, CNC & DNC Differences FMS Defined Overview of FMS Historical Development of FMS FMS Components FMCs (Flexible Manufacturing Cells) Group Technology, Part Families, Classification & Coding


Recommended Books 1. 2. 3. 14. Automation, Production Systems & Computer Integrated Manufacturing by MIKELL P. GROOVER. Advanced Manufacturing Technology by David L. Goetsch. Fundamentals of GIM Technology by David L. Goetsch. FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS (FEA) Introduction: The early use of Finite Elements, matrix forces method, matrix stiffness method, interim period, variational principles and Finite Elements, recent developments. Variational Formulation and Approximation: Boundary and Initial-Value problems, gradient and divergence theorems, functional, variational symbol. Variational formulation of boundary-value problem. Variational Method of Approximation, Ritz method, method of weighted residuals, time-dependent problems. Finite Element Analysis of One-dimensional Problems: Basic Steps in FEA; Modeling, Discretization, Connectivity of Elements, Imposition of Boundary Conditions, Solutions & Post Processing; Applications to Heat Transfer, Fluid Mechanics, & solid Mechanics Problems. Numerical Integration & Computer Implementation Isoparameteric Formulations, Numerical Integration, Natural Coordinates, Computer Implementation (Pre-processor, Processor and Post-process) Interpolating Functions, Considerations: Numerical Integration & Modeling

Interpolating Techniques; Triangular, Rectangular, & Serendipity Elements; Coordinate Transformation; Integration on a Master Element; Modeling, Mesh Generation, Load Representation. Plane Elasticity Assumptions of Plane Elasticity; Basic Equations, Weak Formulations; Principle of Virtual Displacement in Matrix Form; Finite Element Model, Matrix & Weak Form Model; Evaluation of Integrals.




CONTENTS: 1. FLUID FLOW MEASUREMENT. Measurement of pressure: manometers, bourbon gauges, pedometer, etc. pivot tubes, Orifices venerability. PROPERTIES OF FLUIDS. Definition and classification of fluids, viscosity, density, specific gravity. Gas law, bulk modules, vapour pressure, surface tension. FLUID STATICS. Pressure at a point in fluid, pressure measurement Force of plane surfaces, horizontal, vertical and inclined. Forces on curved surfaces. Buoyant force, stability of floating and submerged bodies. BASIC FLUID FLOW CONCEPTS. Flow definitions, system and control volume system lines. Elders equation, continuity equation, Befouling equation. Issues and irreversibility energy equation. Linear momentum equation. DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS AND DYNAMIC SIMILARTY. Dimensional analysis and development of dimensionless parameters, II theorem. Similitude and model studies. FLUID FLOW AND VISCOSITY. Laminas flow between parallel plates and tubes, losses, Reynoldss No. turbulent flow, sixing length. Boundary layer and analysis, velocity distribution. Separation and wakes. Lift and drag on immersed bodies. FLUID FLOW IN SIMPLE PIPE SYSTEM. Friction and other losses in pipes. Computation of power required for pumping, use of Moody diagram and formulae.







PRACTICA/LABORATORY WORK. Calibration of pressure gauge. Determination of coefficient of discharge and coefficient of velocity of orifice. Characteristics of venturimeter. Determination of head losses in pipes and pipe fittings. Evaluation of viscosity, specific gravity and density. Comparison of momentum with force. Proof of continuity and Bernoulli equation. Experimentation with hydro static pressure. PRACTICALS: will be based on Theory


RECOMMENDED TEXT BOOKS. 1. 2. Mechanics of Fluids. (B.S. Massey, V.N. Reinheld) Fluid Mechanics. (V.L. Streeter, E. B. Wylie) McGraw-Hill----------1979. CAD/CAM Engineering Fundamentals of CAD Introduction, the design process, application of computers for design, creating the manufacturing data base, benefits of CAD. Computer Graphics Software and Data Base Constructing the geometry, defining the graphic elements, editing the geometry, display control & windowing functions, data base structure and content, wire-frame versus solid modeling; wire frame models, solid models, other CAD features and CAD/CAM integration. Mathematical Elements of CAD Transformation: Two & three-dimensional transformations, Translation, Scaling, and Rotation, Concatenation, plane curves, space curves, surface description & generation, various techniques for design optimization. CAM Introduction to CAM , Interfacing between CAD/CAM, NC, CNC, DNC. Conventional Numerical Control; Introduction, basic components of an NC system, the NC procedure, NC coordinate systems, NC motion control systems, applications of numerical control, economics and justification. NC Part Programming; Punched tape in NC, tape coding and format, manual part programming computer assisted part programming, the APT language, NC programming with interactive graphics, voice NC programming, manual data input, APT word definitions. Computer Controls in NC: Problems with conventional NC, NC controller technology, Computer Numerical Control, Direct Numerical Control, Adaptive Control Machining Systems, trends and new developments in NC.



RECOMMENDED BOOKS 17. CAD/CAM by M.P Groover & E.W. zimmers Jr. published by Prentice Hall CAD/CAM by Farid M.L. Amirouche, published by Prentice Hll, 1993. Computer Aided Design by Dean L. Taylor published by Prentice Hall, 1993. Computer Aided Design by Dean L. Taylor published by Addison Wesley, 1992. Mathematical Elements for computer graphics by David F. Roger & J.A. Adams, second edition, published by Mc Graw Hill, 1990. CAD/CAM Theory and Practice by Ibrahim Zeid Mc. Graw-Hill International 1991. CAD/CAM Principles Practice and Mnufacutirnjg Management Second Edition by Chris Mc. Moihan an dTimmie Browne Addison Wesley Longman Ltd. 2000 Auto Cad: Users Guide Auto Desk, Inc. 1997. SOLID MECHANICS Statically Determinate Frames and Beams: Free-body diagrams; Determination of forces in frames; Shear force and bending moment diagrams; Relationships between loading share force and bending moment. Statically Determinate Stress Systems: Stress: Direct, shear, shear, hydrostatic and complementary shear stresses; Bar and strut or column; Thin ring or cylinder rotating; Stresses in thin shells due to pressure of self-weight. Stress-Strain Relations: Deformation; strain; elastic stress-strain behaviour of materials; Poissons ratio; elementary thermal stress and strain; General stressmethod. Statically Indeterminate Stress Systems: Interaction of different materials; Interaction of different stiffness components; Restraint of thermal strain; Volume changes; Constrained materials. Bending Stresses: Simple bending theory; General cast bending; Composite Beams; Eccentric and load; Shear stresses in bending


Bending-Slope and Deflection: Equation of the deflection curves of the neutral axis: Double integration method; Method of super-position. Theory of Torsion: Torsion of thin-walled cylinder; Torsion of a solid circular shaft; Hollow shafts. Theories of Yielding, Thin Plates and Shells, Stress Concentration. Buckling Instability Struts having initial curvature; Empirical formulae; Crinkling; Members subjected to axial and transverse loading. Stress and Strain Transformations and Relationships Two directional stress systems; Mohrs stress circle; principal stresses and planes; combined bending and torsion; Two-directional strain analysts; Normal and shear strain in terms of coordinate and maximum shear strain. Relationship between elastic constants. BOOKS RECOMMENDED Mechanics of Material by R.C. Hibbeler, 3rd Edition, International edition, published by Prentice Hall International edition. (Text Book). Mechanics of materials by Ferdinand P.Beer & E. Russell Johnston, 2nd Edition, published by McGraw Hill Inc. (Metric) edition (Reference Book). Mechanics of Engineering, Materials by P.P. Benham, R.J. Crawford, Publ;ished by ELBS/Longman, Current edition, (Reference Book).


Scheme of Post-Graduate Studies in Industrial Engineering Presently none of the Industrial Engineering Departments of the public sector universities in Pakistan are offering the courses at post-graduate level in the filed of Industrial Engineering. Although the Department of Industrial Engineering and Management of Mehran University of Engineering & Technology, Jamshoro has designed post-graduate courses in Industrial Management and its first batch will be admitted in 2003-2004 session. This postgraduate course in Industrial Engineering Management can be implemented by other departments of public sector universities with or without modification according to their requirements. POSTGRADUATE STUDIES IN INDUSTRIAL MANAGEMENT Field of Industrial Engineering is one of the latest among the engineering disciplines. It deals with the design, improvement and installation of integrated systems of men, materials and machines, drawing upon specialized knowledge and skills of the mathematical, physical and social science and technology in conjunction with the principles and methods of engineering and design. Industrial Engineering is a very unique combination of Management and Engineering and this infact distinguishes it from other conventional engineering fields. The department is adequately provided with laboratories, equipments and training facilities. The three well equipped laboratories viz, Ergonomics, Quality Control and Motion and time Study laboratories are being effectively utilized for practical/training purposes. Considering the importance of Industrial Engineering and Management at national and global level, it has been decided to upgrade the Department of Industrial Engineering and management from undergraduate to postgraduate level with the following objectives. Development of courses and syllabi for postgraduate studies will provide high quality modern and job oriented education in the filed of Industrial Engineering and Management. The emphasis has been place don providing such courses as would fulfill the needs of both public and private sectors for providing high quality export oriented industrial goods under the stringent requirement of ISO 9000. The emphasis has also been placed on providing research facilities for conducting research in collaboration with industries for solving their development and operational problems and to meet their R&D needs.


Presently, the graduates in Industrial Engineering are employed in various Government, multinational and private organizations. The employment prospects of the graduates in this field will increase particularly because of the introduction of job-oriented curricula most suited for development and operation of industries. To provide qualified manpower for industrial development, operation and maintenance. The entire country will benefit directly or indirectly after the introduction of postgraduate courses in the Department of Industrial Engineering and Management. The Postgraduate diploma course of Industrial Management has been designed for two semesters. After the completion of postgraduate taught courses, the successful candidates will be assigned an industrial oriented research project and will be examined through the oral viva-voice by the Internal and External experts for the fulfillment of Master of Engineering in Indusial Management. Taught Courses: S.No. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Name of Subject Advanced Operations Research Organizational Behavior Supply Chain Management Quality Management System Engineering Economy Computer Aided Design Business Forecasting Implementation of Computer Integrated Manufacturing (CIM) Human Resources Management Theory 100 100 100 100 50 00 50 100 Practical 50 00 00 00 00 100 00 00 Total Marks 150 100 100 100 50 100 50 100 100 850

100 00 Grand Total Marks


COURSE CONTENTS 1. 1. ADVANCED OPERATIONS RESEARCH Introduction History, characteristics, scientific methods, scope and necessity of operation research in an industry phases of operation research models in operation research. 2. NETWORK ANALYSIS. Introduction of CPM and PERT their application, terms related to CPM and PERT, construction and solution of the problems, bar chart, dependency table and network diagram and CPM cost model . 3. LINEAR PROGRAMMING Introduction back ground, requirements characteristics, application, formulation of linear programming model. Graphical solution of two variables, Simplex method, its development, its solution, general ideas and its iterations, single item static model, single item statistic model with shortage, single item statistic model with finite rate of replenishment. 4. QUEING THEORY/WAILING LINE THEORY. Back ground, application kinds of queuing theory. Single and multi channel queuing theory, simple, channel Poisson arrivals with exponential service (Finite and infinite population model) types of queuing models, simple queues, multiples service channels, optimization queuing systems. Mounts Carlo technique and markovian model. 5. GAME THEORY Application & rules of theory of game, mixed strategies (2x2 games) mixed strategies (2xn games or mx2 games), mixed strategies (3x3 games) summary of systematic method for soling two persons zero sum games, N-person zero-sum games, more advanced games against nature. 6. REPLACEMENT MODELS. Introduction, replacement of items that deteriorate i.e. whose maintenance cost increase with time. Failure and survival probabilities, failure trees, break-even analysis derivation and problems miscellaneous replacement problems, dynamic replace model.


TEXT BOOK 1. Operations Research rd Applications and algorithms (3 ed.) BY: WAYNE L. WINSTON DUXBURY PRESS U. S. A., 2000. Problems in Operation Research BY: P. K. GUPTA & D. S. HIRA S. CHAND AND COMPANY LTD. NEW DELHI 1991. Introduction to Operations Research Techniques (2ND ed.) BY: HANS G. DAELLENBACH, JOHN A. GEORGE AND DONALD C. McNICKLE ALLYN BACON PUBLISHING COMPANY, LONDON, 1993.



REXOMMENDED BOOKS. 1. Operations Research BY: P. K. GUPTA D. S. HIRA S.CHAN AND COPANY (PVT) LTD. RAM NAGAR, NEW DELHI, 1987 Elements of Operational Research. BY: F. M. WILKES (McGraw-Hill International), .1987
nd Operation Research an Introduction (2 ed) BY: HANDY A.TAHA COLLIER MACMILLAN PUBLISHARS, LONDON,





Industrial Engineering & Management BY: O. P. KHANNA DHANPAT RAI & SONS , 1984.




Chapter 1. Introduction Management functions and roles. Need for systematic study of human behavior. Challenges and opportunities for O.B. Chapter 2. Responses to Global and Cultural Diversity Pervasiveness of Diversity. Cultural difference between countries. Managing diversity in organizations. Chapter 3. Foundations of Individual Behavior Biographical characteristics. Personality. Learning and Theories of Learning. Chapter 4. Perception and Industrial Decision Making Factors influencing perception. Person Perception. Link between perception and Industrial Decision Making. The optimizing Decision Making Model. Alternative Decision-Making Models. Chapter 5. Values, Attitudes and Job Satisfaction Values and its types. Attitudes. Its sources and types. Job satisfaction.


Chapter 6. Motivation Concepts Early theories of Motivation. Contemporary theories of Motivation Management by objectives. Behavior Modification. Chapter 7. Group Behavior & Work Teams. Groups and Work Group Behavior. Group Decision Making. Understanding work teams. Linking Teams and Group Concepts. Communications. Functions and Processes. Leadership. Conflict and Intergroup Behavior. Chapter 8. Organization System Foundations of organization structure. Technology, work Design and Stress. Human Resources Policies and Practice. Organizational Change and Development. RECOMMENDED BOOKS Robbins; Stephen R. Organizational Behavior 7th edition, Prentice Hall. 1996. 3. 1. SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT INTRODUCTION introduction, the era of Physical Distribution Management, the Concept of Supply Chain, Channels Strategy and Alliances, the Changing Business Environment. CUSTOMER FOCUS IN THE SUPPLY CHAIN Introduction, the Alignment theory, Alignment Logics, the competitive situation, Customer service and market logics. ACHIEVING CUSTOMER SATISFACTION OBJECTIVES Introduction, customer service, Developing a customer service strategy, Measuring customer service.





TRANSPORTATION CHOICES IN THE SUPPLY CHAIN Introduction, the Transportation Marketing Interface, Factors affecting the choices of Transport Selection, Chrematistics of alternative Transport Models, Performance Measures. INVENTORY MANAGEMENT IN THE SUPPLY CHAIN Introduction, the purpose of inventory, Types of inventory: Strategic Choices, Inventory as an Element of customer services, Principal Issues in Inventory Management. SUPPLY CHAIN COMMUNICATIONS Introduction, Information for Planning and Control, Investment Decision, Information Transfer, Measuring Communication Performance. INTERNATIONAL SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT. ISSUES AND IMPLICATIONS. Introduction, the move to international and global marketing, Managing international supply chain operations, Risks involved international marketing: Implication for supply chain. INFORMATION FOR SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT Introduction, Designing the Information system, Materials Requirement Planning, Distribution Requirement Planning, Approach to a Flexible System.





LIST OF TEXT & RECOMMENDED BOOKS. 1. Logistics and Supply Chain Management: Strategics for reducing Costs and Improving Services. By Martin Christapher. Pitman Publishing Company, London 19 Managing the Supply Chain: A strategic Perspective by J.L. Gattorna and D.W. Walters Macmillan Business Company, London-1996. Inventory Control and Management by C.D.J. Walters Wiley Publishing Company, Canada, 1992. Quality Management System


3. 4.

Chapters No: 1. Introduction to quality Various definitions of Quality Inspection Statistical Quality Control The Quality Trilogy



Product Features & Quality Characteristics Quality & Economics Quality & Price Quality & Share of Market

Evolution of the Quality Cost Concept Introduction Quality Cost Objectives of Evaluation Categories of cost of poor quality Analyzing the categories of costs of poor quality Quality Policies Introduction Job of Quality Management Assignment of Responsibility Quality Assurance Concept of Quality Assurance Quality Audit Audit of Quality plans Audit of Execution versus plans Planning & performing audits Quality Surveys Product Auditing Personnel for Quality Assurance Total Quality Management Introduction Total Quality Management Tools Total Quality Management Vs. Quality Circles Need of Total Quality Management Process Advantages of Total Quality Management Process Improvement cycle Demings Theory Iso- 9000 Introduction Requirements of ISO Implementation ISO- 9000 Standards Need of ISO Standards Supplier Relations Importance of Supplier Quality Supplier Relations. Objectives and Activities Supplier Relations Quality Policy Organizing for Supplier Relations







Pre contract Planning Requirements for a supplier reliability Program Evaluativing Supplier Capability Supplier Selection.

RECOMMENDED BOOKS. 1. Quality Control Hand Book J.M. Juran MC. Graw Hill Company 1988 Production/Operations Management William J. Stevensm Richard. D. IRWAN. Inc. Toppan Company 1988 Total Quality Control. Armand. V. Feigenbaum, Mc. Graw Hill Book Company. 1986. Principles of Quality Control. Jerry Banks John Wiley & sons Newyork 1989 Introduction to Statistical Quality Control Douglas L.. Montgomery John Wiley & Sons. ISO 9000 for Small Business Ray Tricker Butter Worth- Heine mann Linacre House, Jordan Hill Oxford 1997 ENGINEERING ECONOMY 1. INTRODUCTION Engineering Economy and Decision among alternative. Equity and debt capital. Elements of cost. Chapter 2. COST CONCEPT Consumer and Producer Goods and Services. Necessities, luxuries and price Demand. Cost-volume Relationships. The Law of Supply and Demand. The law of Diminishing Return. Opportunity costs sunk costs.

2. . 3.




5. Chapter




SELECTIONS IN PRESENT ECONOMY Selection among Materials. Total costs in Material Selection. Economy of location. Proficiency of Labor.



ESTIMATING, INFLATION AND COSTS. Introduction to Estimation. Sources of Estimations. Fixed and increment costs. Unit cost versus Fixed and Increment Costs.



DEPRECIATION AND VALUATION. Definitions of Value. Value for Rate Setting. Purposes of Depreciation. Types of Depreciation . Valuation .

TEXT BOOK: Engineering Economy 6th edition. E. Paul De Garmo Et al; collier McMillan, 1979.

6. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16.

COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN Introduction to PC-based CAD Display Commands CAD tools Drawing Setup Layouts Creating Text defining Styles Basic Draw Commands Basic Edit Commands CAD Construction Techniques Blocks and Drawing Import/Export Dimensioning Crosshatching Printing and Plotting Basics Introduction of Paper Space Fundamentals of Parametric Feature based Solid Modeling


17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25.

Sketching and Constraining Profiles Designer Tools and Setup Creating and Combining Sketched Features Placed Features: Holes, Fillets, Chamfers Creating Drawing: Views and Dimensioning Refinements to Drawings Introduction to Assembly Modeling Introduction Surface Modeling Rendering

BOOKS RECOMMENDED: 1. CAD/CIM: Theory and Practice By, Ibrahim Zeid Mc.Graw-Hill International 1991. CAD/CAM: Principles Practice and Manufacturing Management Second Edition. Chris Mc Mohan and Timmie Browne Addison Wesley Longman Ltd. 2000. CAD/CAM: Computer Aided Design & Manufacturing Mikell P. Groover and Emoory W Zimmers, Jr. Prentice-Hill International, Inc. 1984. Auto cad:Users Guide Auto desk, Inc. 1997.




7. 1.

BUSINESS FORECASTING BACKGROUND TO FORECASTING Introduction, the forecasting alphabet, forecasting applications, inspecting and preparing data, classification of forecasting methods. IMPORTANCE OF SALES FORECAST Introduction, Purpose of Sales Forecast, Forecast Selection Error Measurement, Judge-mental Forecasts for new Stock items. FORECASTING APPROACHES. Introduction, Planning and Decision Making, Forecasting System, Errors in Forecast Demand. Implementing a





TIME SERIES CAUSAL FORECASTING Introduction, Linear Regression, Coefficient Coefficient of Correlation.




TIME SERIES PROJECTIVE FORECASTING Introduction, Simple averages, Moving averages, Forecasting, Models for Seasonality and trend.



SERVICE LEVEL MODELS Introduction, Uncertainty in demand, Uncertainty in lead time, Uncertainty in both Lead time and Demand. INFORMATION FOR DEPENDENT DEMAND Introduction, Information from Forecasts, Manual Control System, inventory databases, ABC analysis. MATERIAL REQUIREMENT PLANNING Introduction, approach of MRP, the MRP Process, Disadvantages of MRP, intermittent demand.



LIST OF TEXT & RECOMMENDED BOOKS. 1. 2. 3. Business Forecasting for Management By Branko Pecar. Mc Graw-Hill Book Company. 1994.
nd Forecasting Methods and Applications 2 edition By Makridakis, wheel wright and Magee. John wiley and Sons, 1983.

Forecasting Methods for Management, Makridakis and wheel wright John wiley and Sons, 1989. Inventory Control and Management by Walters Wiley and Sons, 1992.



IMPLEMENTATION OF COMPUTER INTEGRATED MANUFACTURING INTRODUCTION Objectives for implementing CIM, scope of small and medium enterprises (SMEs), CIM and its implication on SMEs. Reasons of automation. Barriers to CIM adoption in SMEs.


COMPUTER INTERGRATED MANUFACTURING & SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES. Introduction. Computer integrated manufacturing. The history of CIM. Computerized elements of CIM system. The evolving role of CIM. Components of CIM in an organization. Characteristics of CIM. Small and medium enterprises. Competitiveness of SMEs. Need for competitiveness. The critical success factors in SMEs competitiveness (basic role played by the owner/manager in the competitiveness of SME Competitiveness strategies. JUSTIFICATION CRITERIA FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF CIM IN SMEs. Introduction. Benefits of CIM technology in SMEs. Deficiencies of CIM technology in SMEs. Implementation of CIM in SMEs. Implementation issues of CIM. Implementation methodology. The implementation team. Experience of SMEs with automation. Classification of the literature on CIM in SMEs. STRATEGIC ALLIANCES AND TOP MANAGEMENT SUPPORT. Introduction. Organizational abilities of the companies. Commitment from top management. Net working. Joint ventures, government support. Supply chain management. Research and development ( R & D). Organizational structure. BUSINESS STRUCTURE. Introduction. Frequently transfer of technological know-how with large scale industries. Collaboration with local universities. Close collaboration with their counterparts. Skills in information technology. Close working with key suppliers and customers. STRUCTURAL CHARACTERISTICS. Introduction. Number of products produced. Improvements in product development. Improvement in shop floor operation. Focused marketing. Marketing objectives of the companies. Impact on market share, lead time improvement. Increased productivity. Automated purchasing. Employee empowerment. Training and education. Incentive and rewards. Sales and demand management. Forecasting.


SYSTEM INTEGRATION. Introduction. Internet. Fax. E-mails. Multimedia. Electronic Data Interchange (EDI). Computer Aided Design/Manufacturing (CAD/CAM). Computer Aided Process Planning (CAPP). Automated Guided Vehicles (AGVs). Just-In-Time (JIT). Total Quality Management (TQM). Flexible Manufacturing Systems (FMS). Business Process Reengineering (BPR). RECOMMENDED BOOKS: CIM justification and optimization by Lin, G.C.I., and Nagalingan, S.V., Taylor and Francis, London, 2002. Small and Medium Enterprises: technology and competitiveness by Esttime, M., drihon, G., and Julien, P, OECD. Paries 1993. Management Policies of Computer Integrated Manufacturing Robotics, By A. Gunasekaran Hand book of Industrial Robotic, Second Edition, Edited by Nof, S. Y., John, Wiley and Sons 1999. Advanced Manufacturing Technology Management. By Harisson, M. Pitman publishing company 1990. Operations Management by Slack, N., Chambers, S., Harland, C.,Harrison, A., and Johnston, R.Pitchman Publishing, 128 long Acre, London 1995. CIM Principles of Computer Integrated Manufacturing by Waldner, J. B.,John Wiley and Sons Ltd. Chichester, England, 1992. 9. 1. HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT ROLE AND ORGANIZATION OF PERSONNEL FUNCTION. Evolution of theory and practice of Personnel Management, Organization for the personnel function BEHAVIOUR ASPECTS. Human Relations and work Groups. Motivation and Job Satisfaction Management and Motivation. HUMAN RESOURCES PLANNING Meaning and purpose of Human Resources Planning, Planning Processes. Manpower




RECRUITMENT. Recruitment Process. Identifying the need to recruit Identifying the job requirements, Man Specification, Sources of Recruitment, Selection Methods. JOB ANALYSIS AND DESIGN Applications of job Analysis, Principles and Techniques of job Analysis, Methods of job evaluation, Job Design.




MANAGING PERFORMANCE Features of successes, ful Performance, Management Process, Appraisal Methods. Management by objectives, TRANING AND DEVELOPMENT. Purpose of Training, Introducing a Training Strategy, Management Development, Evaluating training and development. PAYS AND BENEFITS. Principles of reward strategy. Developing a reward strategy Reward structures. Bonuses and inventories. INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS. Trade union and Management. Collective Bargaining, Industrial Disputes. Settlement of




RECOMMENDED BOOKS Pratt, K.J & Bennett, S.G.Elements of Personnel Management Gce & Co (Publishers ltd.)1997 Deach, Dale S.Personnel The Management of people at work 5th ed: Macmillan 1980. Cushway, Barry, Human Resources Management, Kogam Page, 1994


RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE COMMITTEE After detailed discussions on different aspects of the syllabi of Industrial Engineering the NCRC members agreed upon the following recommendations: 1. The Committee recommended that 6-8 weeks internship programme for 2nd & 3rd year students of industrial engineering be started in collaboration with the various industries nearest to the universities. The industries may be requested to play an active role in ensuring that internship facilities be provided to the students of Industrial Engineering. The Committee felt the need for this internship to impart first hand knowledge of industrial environment to the students who will come across similar problems while working in the industry. Lectures by the representative of the industries be arranged in the universities to apprise the students what is expected from them upon graduation for their recruitment in the industry. Strong linkages between the universities and the industries be created, so as to provide a platform for the industry to have a detailed investigation of their problems at the university level. Similarly it will be a source to provide first hand exposure of the shop floor and financial help to the students. The Committee recommended that all the courses should be aided with the latest teaching techniques and industrial visits. The total curriculum should be spread over four academic years or eight academic semesters/terms. It may be the discretion of the universities to adopt the courses according to their own set up & suitability. The Committee recommended that at least one mini project should be nd given to the students in a year starting from 2 year. The Committee further recommended that final year projects should be industrial based and annual presentation should be at industry. Considering the importance of Industrial Engineering, it was felt that this course should also be offered at post-graduate level. The minimum requirement for the Masters degree should be of at least 30 credit hours. Committee feels that the individual university may offer the same as per their availability of faculty members and the students.



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At the moment none of the public sector universities in Pakistan are offering Masters level course into this particular subject. Although Mehran University has developed a course of Masters in Industrial Management which was reviewed by the Committee & recommended that other universities can adopt it with or without modification suiting to the requirement of M.Sc/M.E at international level. ____________________________ ____________________________ ____________________________ ____________________________ ____________________________ ___________________________

Dr. Hussain Bux Marri, Engr. Muzammil Hussain Prof. M. Ashraf Rajput Engr. Dr. Muhammad Tufail Engr. M. Akhtar Shakeel Engr. Shaukat Ali Shah