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Calorimetry
Calorimeter y
1) Specific heat capacities; simple determination and problems on specific heat capacity using heat loss and gain and the method of mixtures. 2) Latent heat, its determination for ice and steam only (including simple problems); common phenomenon involving specific capacity and latent heat.

A Concise
FORMULAS
1. Heat lost or gained by a hot or cold body, depends on mass of body (m), change in temsperature (), Nature of body (specific heat capacity c)

2. Specific = Heat

H = mC Capacity

c =

Amount of heat C ha n g e i n t e m p er a t u e r m as s H m Amount

3.

Heat
Specific heat

Capacity
capacity =

4.

C h=a n g e
Heat

Capacity

in
=

of

heat

temperature

Principle 5 . gained

of

Calorimetry M1c1 (1

Mass

Heat ) =

lost m2c2

Heat ( 2)

is equivalent temperature 6. Reynaults Apparatus : Specific heat capacity of solid c [(M 1)M cW = 2

M1;c11 for hot body M2c22 for cold body

1cM] C

M(2

1)

1)

M M2 wate r
2

mass of solid M1 mass of calorim eter


Temp. of heated

mass of water 1

calorimeter ini tial temp .o f

solid

7.

Temp. of

of

mixture heat cL = capacity


MC 1 ) 2 ( )

Measurement

specific

of

a
1M

liquid
C C(

(M2 8 .
Specific Latent heat

M1)

1)

H(e )a t= L
L =

exchanged
Q

for
Mass

change

of

state

9. Specific ice

Latent

heat

of L1 =

fusion

of

{ M1

cC

2( M

M3

1)M cW} 2M

1 (

2)

cW2

Where M1 S t i rr e r M2 M3 ice
1 water
2

M a ss

of

c a lo r i m et e r

Mass of calorimeter+ Stirrer + Water Mass of calorimeter + Stirrer + Water


Initial
Final temp.

Melted

temp.

of

cW water c 10. L =
C

Specific hat

heat

capacity of

of

Specific copper Latent

capacity of

Specific +

heat 2 ( of

Vaporization (100

of

steam

{ M1cC

2( M

1)M cW} (M 3

1) cW 2) M2) calorimeter + Stirrer of + Water + Condensed

M3

Mass

steam CC specific heat and 11. Required heat to melt ice

capacity the

materiel

UNITS

OF

Q = SOME

(L Latent mL ice) PHYSICAL QUANTITY

heat

of

Physical
Temperature 1. ) (T

Quantity
or K (kelvin) J (joule)

Units

2. Heat (Q) Thermal (Heat) 3. Capacity 4. Specific heat capacity (C) hea 5. Specific t of fusion vaporistion (L)

Joul/kelvin (J/K) Joule/kilogram-kelvin or Joule/Kilogram (J/Kg)

(J/KgK)

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