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MIXED TENSES I. Choose the best answer a), b), c) or d). 1.

Andrew _________ lunch by the time they arrived. a) finished c) had finished b) was finished d) has finished 2. I have a terrible headache. I ___________ another aspirin. a) take c) am taking b) ll take d) will be taking 3. A cold wind _____ for the last week. a) has been blowing c) blows b) is blowing d) blew 4. Well meet in September when she _____ back. a) will come c) came b) will have come d) comes 5. Maria ____________ a comic when the teacher asked her to come to the blackboard. a) was reading c) read b) has been reading d) has read 6. You wont need the jacket. It _________ warmer. a) gets c) s got b) s getting d) d got 7. Bryan _____ when the meeting started. a) hasnt arrived c) hasnt been arriving b) hadnt arrived d) wasnt arriving 8. To be honest, I ___________ she will be able to handle this properly. a) doubt c) am doubting b) have doubted d) will doubt 9. They _________ for 5 years at the end of this year. a) will date c) will be dating b) will have been dating d) are going to date 10. I am not surprised theyve broken up. She never knew if she could trust him and was afraid he ___________ her. a) will leave c) would leave b) is going to leave d) will have left 11. Call the police. Our apartment __________ into. a) was broken c) is broken b) has been broken d) will be broken 12. She cant go hiking with us. She _____________ on her new book all day tomorrow. a) will be working c) is working b) will work d) will have worked 13. By the time you finish my dress it ____________ old-fashioned. a) will become c) is becoming b) will be becoming d) will have become 14. They __________ for some time when their mother told them to be silent. a) had shouted c) had been shouting b) have shouted d) have been shouting 15. The letter ____________ by the end of the week. a) is not going to be delivered c) is not delivered b) wont be delivered d) wont have been delivered


Complete the sentences using the correct form of the verbs in brackets. Some verbs are negative.

1. I ________ (start) looking for a new flat 2 weeks ago, but I still _________ (find) anything suitable. I __________ (live) with my parents these days. 2. We _______ (see) Mike yesterday, but Ann _________ (want) to meet him so we ___________ (cross) the street. 3. In a few minutes time, when the clock ____________________ (strike) 5, I ____________________ (wait) here half an hour. 4. Mrs Blake ____________ (arrange) the flowers yet, but she _______________ (do) it before she ________ (go) home. 5. You must be hungry. Let me just put this away and I ______________ (make) you some sandwiches. 6. Lets meet at the station. The train ___________________ (leave) at 7 p.m. 7. You __________________ (eat) the whole pie! You _________________ (be) sick. 8. She wont be able to come in the afternoon. She ________________ (see) her lawyer at 4 oclock. 9. Dont expect us to come at 6 oclock. We _______________________ (still, play) tennis. 10. They __________________ (date) for 5 years before he finally ___________________ (propose) to her. 11. What____________________ (you, do) the whole evening while we ____________________ (look for) you? 12. When we ____________________ (go) to see him last night, he ____________________ (play) computer games; he ____________________(play) since lunch time. 13. By the end of last year they ____________________ (finished) three large projects, and by next year they ____________________ (finish) two more. I ____________________ (be) with them since last month, but I ____________________ (believe) they ____________________ (work) on presentations at present. 14. Look at that little boy in the corner. He ____________ (wait) for three hours now and no one __________ (come) to take him home. 15. Look at this mess! You ___________ (always, leave) your clothes all over the room! III. Put the verbs in brackets into the appropriate tense. Passive will be needed sometimes.

Einsteins Chauffeur This 0 is (be) a true anecdote about Albert Einstein, and his theory of relativity. After having propounded his famous theory, Albert Einstein 1 ________ (tour) the various Universities in the United States, delivering lectures wherever he 2 ________ (go). He 3 ________ always (accompany) by his faithful chauffeur, Harry, who 4 ________ (listen to) each of these lectures while he 5 ________ (sit) in the back row! One fine day, after Einstein 6 ________ (finish) a lecture and 7 ________ (come out) of the auditorium into his vehicle, Harry 8 ________ (address) him and 9 ________ (say), Professor Einstein, 10 ________ (hear) your lecture on Relativity so many times, that if I 11 ________ ever (give) the opportunity, I 12 ________ (be) able to deliver it to perfection myself! Very well, 13 ________ (reply) Einstein, I 14 ________ (go) to Dartmouth next week, and I 15 ________ (meet) some young scientists there. They 16 ________ (know) me. You 17 ________ (deliver) the lecture as Einstein, and I 18 ________ (take) your place as Harry!

And so it 19 ________ (go) to be... Harry 20 ________ (deliver) the lecture to perfection, without a word out of place, while Einstein 21 ________ (relax) in the back row playing chauffeur. He 22 ________ (enjoy) a snooze for a change. After Harry 23 ________ (give) the lecture, while he 24 ________ (descend) from the podium, however, one of the research assistants 25 ________ (intercept) him, and 26 ________ (begin) to ask him a question on the theory of relativity.... one that 27 ________ (involve) a lot of complex calculations and equations. Harry 28 ________ (reply) to the assistant The answer to this question 29 ________ (be) very simple! In fact, its so simple, that I 30 ________ (let) my chauffeur answer it! IV. Some of the following sentences are correct and some have mistakes in them. Tick the correct ones and correct the ones with mistakes. 1. My brother and his fiance will get married on Saturday. They have invited more than 300 guests. _____________________________________________________________________ 2. Its three minutes to 8. We are going to be late. _____________________________________________________________________ 3. They have left home at 7 oclock and arrived to school at 8.30. _____________________________________________________________________ 4. He has been eating three sandwiches and he is still hungry. _____________________________________________________________________ 5. I have to sit down. I have run for more than an hour. _____________________________________________________________________ 6. I found that ring while I was playing in the sand with my nephew. _____________________________________________________________________ 7. When I checked your homework I noticed that you had problems with spelling. _____________________________________________________________________ 8. I am really angry. She is always borrowing my clothes without asking me anything! _____________________________________________________________________ 9. A stitch in time is saving nine. _____________________________________________________________________ 10. She enrolled at university last year. Which subjects did she chose? _____________________________________________________________________ 11. Why you lent her my earrings? I was going to wear them tonight. _____________________________________________________________________ 12. They had driven for only 10 minutes when they had a puncture. _____________________________________________________________________ 13. This is the best pizza I ever had. _____________________________________________________________________ 14. I had been hoping to explain it to her, but she wouldnt listen to me. _____________________________________________________________________ 15. By the time she comes the best roles will have taken. _____________________________________________________________________ V. Rewrite these sentences so that the meaning is the same, using the word in bold type. Do not change the word. 1. The bridge is 20 years old. ago The bridge ___________________________.

2. One of the actors passed out during the rehearsal for the play. while One of the actors passed out ____________________________________ for the play. 3. In your opinion, who is going to pass the exam? you Who ________________________________________ the exam? 4. This isnt the first time I have watched this movie. already I ______________________________________________ this movie. 5. Id rather not go out with you tonight. feel I _____________________________________ with you tonight. 6. We are disappointed because they forgot everything we had taught them. remember We are disappointed because they _________________________ we had taught them. 7. Their lunch will be over by 1 oclock. finished They ________________________________________________ by one oclock. 8. When we returned to the meeting room the Japanese guests were not there anymore. time The Japanese guests ___________________________ we returned to the meeting room. 9. I hope he will bring the CD player downstairs. leave I hope he _______________________________________. 10.She obeyed her parents only after they threatened they would cut off her allowance. until She __________________________ they threatened they would cut off her allowance. 11.She started smoking 20 years ago and she hasnt given up yet. for She ___________________________________________ . 12.The play will take less than a month to put on stage. have They _________________________________________ in less than a month. 13.When we came out of the restaurant it was raining. started It ______________________________________ when we came out of the restaurant. 14.It has been a month since she dusted the shelves. ago She __________________________________________________________. 15.Whose are these books? to Who _________________________________________?


1. c) had finished 2. b) ll take 3. a) has been blowing 4. b) comes 5. a) was reading 6. b) s getting 7. b) hadnt arrived 8. a) doubt 9. b) will have been dating 10. c) would leave 11. b) has been broken 12. a) will be working 13. d) will have become 14. c) had been shouting 15. d) wont have been delivered II. 1. started, havent found, am living 2. saw, didnt want, crossed 3. strikes, will have been waiting 4. hasnt arranged, will do / is going to do, goes 5. ll make 6. leaves 7. have eaten, are going to be 8. is seeing 9. will still be playing 10. had been dating, proposed 11. were doing, were looking 12. went, was playing, had been playing 13. had finished, will have finished, havent been, believe, are working 14. has been waiting, has come/ is coming. 15. are always leaving III. 1 toured; 2 went; 3 was always accompanied; 4 was listening to; 5 was sitting; 6 had finished; 7 was coming out; 8 addressed; 9 said; 10 Ive heard; 11 were ever given; 12 would be; 13 replied; 14 am going; 15 am going to meet; 16 dont know; 17 will deliver; 18 will take; 19 went; 20 delivered; 21 was relaxing; 22 enjoyed; 23 had given; 24 was descending; 25 intercepted; 26 began; 27 involved; 28 replied; 29 is; 30 am going to let. IV.

My brother and his fianc are going to get / are getting married on Saturday. They have invited more than 300 guests. They left home at 7 oclock and arrived to school at 8.30. He has eaten three sandwiches and he is still hungry. I have to sit down. I have been running for more than an hour. When I was checking your homework I noticed that you had problems with spelling.

2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 14. 15.


A stitch in time saves nine. She enrolled university last year. Which subjects did she choose? Why did you lend her my earrings? I was going to wear them tonight. They had been driving / were driving for only 10 minutes when they had a puncture. This is the best pizza I have ever had. By the time she comes the best roles will have been taken.

V. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. The bridge was built 20 years ago. One of the actors passed out while we were rehearsing for the play. Who do you think is going to pass the exam? I have already watched this movie. I dont feel like going out with you tonight. We are disappointed because they didnt remember anything we had taught them. They will have finished lunch by one oclock. The Japanese guests had (already) left / gone by the time we returned to the meeting room. 9. I hope he wont leave the CD player upstairs. 10. She hadnt obeyed her parents until they threatened they would cut off her allowance. 11. She has been smoking for 20 years. 12. They will have put the play on stage in less than a month. 13. It started / had started to rain when we came out of the restaurant. 14. She dusted the shelves a month ago. 15. Who do these books belong to?


I (1 go) to tell you an Eskimo story. Nobody (2 know) how long the Eskimos (3 live) in northern Canada on the shores of the Arctic Ocean. Their life (4 be) usually very hard and although it (5 become) a little easier with the arrival of electricity and other modern conveniences, it (6 still/dominate) by the harsh climate and the need to hunt for food. Before the time of supermarkets and imported food, in winter the only way to get fresh meat (7 be) by killing a seal. Seals (8 spend) most of their time swimming in the water under the ice but from time to time they (9 have) to put their noses through a hole in the ice so that they can breathe. This (10 be) the moment when a patient hunter could strike at the seal with his weapon, a harpoon. This story (11 be) about one of these hunters. (12 You/sit) comfortably? Then I (13 begin). One day an old man (14 go) seal hunting on the ice a short distance from the land. Near to his chosen hunting spot there (15 be) a steep cliff, on top of which there (16 be) a high bank of snow. Below this cliff some children (17 laugh) and (18 shout) while they (19 play) a game. The hunter (20 wait) silent and motionless beside a breathing hole where he (21 see) a seal the day before. For a long time nothing (22 happen); then he (23 hear) the sound of a seal breathing. Just as he (24 raise) his harpoon, ready to strike, the silence (25 break)! The noise of the children playing at the foot of the cliff (26 distract) the old man and (27 warn) the seal, which (28 escape).

The old man (29 lower) his harpoon in a bad mood and (30 grumble), 'Those children! I wish they (31 not be) so noisy. If only they 32 not shout) just then. I hope the cliff of snow (33 fall and 34 bury) them!' Once more the hunter (35 wait) by the breathing hole. Again the seal (36 return). And again just as the hunter (37 go) to strike, the children (38 burst) out laughing and the seal (39 get) away unharmed. The old hunter now (40 call) upon his magic powers. He (41 speak) to the spirits which (42 bring) bad luck: 'When the children (43 shout) again, send snow to bury them!' Suddenly an avalanche of snow (44 fall) from the top of the cliff and (45 swallow) the children. Their cries (46 hear) for a long time, but gradually they (47 grow) weaker until at last everyone (48 be) silent. When the parents of the children (49 realise) what (50 happen) they (51 want) revenge. Just as they (52 go) to catch him, the old man (53 call) upon his magic powers one last time and (54 lift) himself into the air. The parents (55 watch) him rise into the sky and turn into a shooting star. On a clear night, if you (56 look) carefully, you (57still/see) the old man running away across the sky. 1) We __________ TV when it started to rain. (to watch) 2) I __________ to visit you yesterday, but you __________ not at home. (to want) (to be) 3) Look! It __________, so we can't __________ to the beach. (to rain) (to go) 4) There are a lot of clouds! It __________ soon. (to rain) 5) The sun __________ in the East. (to rise) 6) Since 2003 they __________ their son every year. (to visit) 7) While the doctor __________ Mr Jones, his son __________ outside this morning. (to examine) (to wait) 8) I __________ for my girlfriend for two hours. (to wait) 9) After Larry __________ the film on TV, he decided to buy the book. (to see) 10) Wait a minute, I __________ this box for you. (to carry)

1) I _________ to the cinema yesterday. (to go) 2) Peter _________ 13 tomorrow. (to be) 3) My friend _________ to music every evening. (to listen) 4) They _________ their car. It looks new again. (to clean) 5) Listen! Mr Jones _________ the piano. (to play) 6) She _________ her left arm two weeks ago. (to break) 7) We _________ a test now. (to write) 8) Danny _________ a book this evening. (to read) 9) Ken and Emily often _________ lunch at school. (to have) 10) He _________ his money. So he can't buy this hamburger. (to lose)

Fill in the forms of the verbs in the following: It all (happen) a very long time ago now ... or at least it (seem) a very long time. So much (happen) since then. Late September. I (remember) it was then because the leaves (just begin) to fall outside our bedroom window. In fact, it (be) Saturday 29th. We (be) to a party the night before and I (feel) a little under the weather. Suddenly she (turn) to me and said - totally out of the blue - you (not love) me ... you (not like) me ... in fact I (not believe) you (ever like) me. I (not know) what to say. It was as if someone (just kick) me in the stomach. I (know) then what I (think) for a long time. I (know) that we (not understand) each other and in fact we never . When you (live) with someone for a long time, the little unimportant things often (blind) you. They (keep) your attention occupied and away from the things that really (matter). Up until that morning in September there (be) a truce between us. But it wasn't long before one of us (have to) leave. Neither of us really (try) to do anything about it. We (decide) a long time before not to have a family, so there wasn't that to sort out. A month later she (leave), and we (not meet) since. No, I tell a lie: we (meet) in Boots yesterday. She (look) happier. While we (talk), I (keep) thinking that perhaps if we had been older at the time, we (try) a bit harder.

10. I can't find it. I must (leave) at home.

1. I (learn) English for seven years now. 2. But last year I (not / work) hard enough for English, that's why my marks (not / be) really that good then. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. As I (pass / want) my English exam successfully next year, I (study) harder this term. During my last summer holidays, my parents (send) me on a language course to London. It (be) great and I (think) I (learn) a lot. Before I (go) to London, I (not / enjoy) learning English. But while I (do) the language course, I (meet) lots of young people from all over the world. There I (notice) how important it (be) to speak foreign languages nowadays. Now I (have) much more fun learning English than I (have) before the course. At the moment I (revise) English grammar. And I (begin / already) to read the texts in my English textbooks again. I (think) I (do) one unit every week. My exam (be) on 15 May, so there (not / be) any time to be lost. If I (pass) my exams successfully, I (start) an apprenticeship in September. And after my apprenticeship, maybe I (go) back to London to work there for a while. As you (see / can) , I (become) a real London fan already.


We (go) the theatre last night. 2. He (usually / write) in red ink. 3. She (play) the piano when our guests (arrive) last night. 4. We (do) an English exercise at the moment.

5. Where (you / go) for your holidays last year? 6. We (meet) only yesterday and (already / decide) to get married. 7. We (not live) in England for the last two years. 8. I (lose) my keys; I cannot remember when I last (see) them. 9. Whenever he (go) to town nowadays, he (spend) a lot of money. 10. They (prepare) the Christmas dinner today. 3. 1. When I was a young boy, I (meet) Santa Claus. 2. Tony (study) for his math test as we speak. 3. Pat and Sean (smoke) for the past three years. They would like to quit though. 4. She sometimes (lose) her temper. She scares me a bit when she does. 5. I (understand) your point now. 6. I (see) this movie about a dozen times already. 7. We (sleep) all day yesterday. 8. I finally (decide) to call her yesterday to ask her out. 9. She (be) never late. I wonder why she is missing. 10. I (be) in class very early this morning to study for my math exam. 11. (be) you mad at me last night? I didn't hurt you on purpose you know ! 12. (you, see, ever) Le Cirque Du Soleil? 13. We still (go out, sometimes). 14. What (you, are, do) now? I'm cleaning my room. 15. I (visit) my uncle Bob in San Jose last year. 16. They (call, negative) me since last week. 17. What kind of music (she, like)? 18. 3 years ago, Doug completely (change) his lifestyle. 19. Who (invent) the lightbulb? I really don't have a clue. 20. I (never, try) lobster in my life.

James Cook (1728-1779)

Fill the gaps with the correct tenses. 1. The British explorer James Cook was born in the village of Marton, Yorkshire, on 27 October, 1728. But his family soon (move) to another village, called Great Ayton, where Cook (spend) most of his childhood. 2. As a teenager James Cook (develop) a fascination for the sea and (travel) to Whitby where he (find) employment on a coal ship. 3. While he (serve) in the Royal Navy during the Seven Years' War (1756-1763), Cook (have) the command of a ship. 4. After the war (end) , Cook (take) command of the vessel Grenville and (go) to Newfoundland to survey the coasts there.

5. While he (map) the coasts of Newfoundland, he (observe) a solar eclipse off the North American coast. 6. Cook (send) the details to the Royal Society, England's leading scientific organisation, and (win) their attention. 7. After Cook (publish) his observations of the solar eclipse, the Royal Society (ask) him to lead a scientific expedition to Tahiti and (put) him in command of of the HMS Endeavour. 8. 9. 10. From Tahiti Cook then (go on) to explore the South Pacific. He also (reach) New Zealand, which only the Dutchman Abel Tasman (visit) before Cook. After Cook (map) New Zealand's complete coastline, he (sail) to Australia's east coast.

11. Cook (name) the area New South Wales as it (remind) him of the south coast of Wales in Great Britain. 12. In 1772, one year after Cook (return) from his first voyage to the Pacific, the Royal Society (hire) him for another expedition to find the mythical Terra Australis. 13. On his journey, Cook (discover) several islands and almost (go) as far as the continent of Antarctica. 14. He (make) maps of the South Pacific and (prove) that Terra Australis (exist / not) .

15. His third and last voyage for the Royal Society (take) him to the west coast of North America where he (try) to find a passage between the Atlantic and Pacific. 16. He (not / can / pass) the Bering Strait, however; the ice (force) him to return to Hawaii, which he (discover) earlier. 17. While he and his crew (rest) in Hawaii, some Hawaiians (steal) one of his boats.

18. When cook and his men (try) to get the boat back from the natives, a violent fight (break out) in which the natives (stab) James Cook to death.

. My sister (buy) him a dog for his birthday last week. 2. Marceau and Yanis (go) to the cinema last Monday. 3. Brunella (sit) behind the door when we were looking for her. 4. Annelore (break) her umbrella yesterday. 5. They said they were tired and (go) upstairs to sleep. 6. Johanne (just lose ) her keys on the pavement . 7. Ccile (ride) a horse when she went to the circus. 8. The Scottish people (build) their detached house near the beach years ago. 9. Jean (see) many boats over the see, when she was on holiday. 10. I (read) Romeo and Juliet when I was 10 years old.