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Design of 2WAY SYSTEM


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S
AHU system selection guideline
ystem lineup
*Mix connection with standard indoor units is not allowed.
*Applicable system is only above. (2way VRF system, ME1E81 series)
System Overview
* In case of 84kW or more capacity system, system requires 2 or 3 AHU kits and heat exchangers.
Connection and setting of multiple AHU kits and heat exchanger are same as normal indoor unit.
ex)
Piping design regulation
Connecting pipe dimension to heat exchanger of AHU
Main piping diameter
Capacity
28 kW U-10ME1E81 CZ-280MAH1
56 kW U-20ME1E81 CZ-560MAH1
84 kW U-16ME1E81 U-14ME1E81 CZ-560MAH1 CZ-280MAH1
112 kW U-20ME1E81 U-20ME1E81 CZ-560MAH1 CZ-560MAH1
140 kW U-18ME1E81 U-16ME1E81 U-16ME1E81 CZ-560MAH1 CZ-560MAH1 CZ-280MAH1
168 kW U-20ME1E81 U-20ME1E81 U-20ME1E81 CZ-560MAH1 CZ-560MAH1 CZ-560MAH1
Outdoor combination Connectable AHU-kit combination
Capacity Model name Liquid pipe Gas pipe
28kW CZ-280MAH1 9.52mm 22.22mm
56kW CZ-560MAH1 15.88mm 28.58mm
System size Liquid pipe Gas pipe
28 kW 9.52mm 22.22mm
56 kW 15.88mm 28.58mm
84 kW 19.05mm 31.75mm
112 kW 19.05mm 38.10mm
140 kW 19.05mm 38.10mm
168 kW 19.05mm 38.10mm
A AHU kit controller box (with control PCB)
B AHU unit (Field supplied)
C Remote controller for AHU kit (Option accessory)
D Outdoor unit
E Gas piping (Field supplied)
F Liquid piping (Field supplied)
G Electronic expansion valve
H Thermistor for Gas pipe
I Thermistor for Liquid pipe
J Thermistor for Suction air
K Thermistor for Discharge air
L Inter-unit wiring

L
There are 3 AHU kits and heat exchanger. Main piping should be distributed to 3 paths. PCB
setting "No. of indoor unit" of outdoor unit (master) should be set to "3".
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Design of 2WAY SYSTEM
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System piping length
Max. piping length: 100m (actual) / 120m (equivalent)
Difference between longest and shortest piping from first branch: 10m
Max. length of branch tubing: 12m
* Other conditions to be referred the standard piping design regulations.
Installation
Expansion Valve
Thermistor for Gas and Liquid Pi
For 10HP AHU, piping to outdoor unit is 9.52. Reduce the piping size in field.
pe
Gas thermistor
Liquid thermistor
If there are multiple heat exchanges in one system, each heat exchanger requires expansion valve
that is in the AHU kit.
If there are multiple heat exchanges in one system, each heat exchanger requires these thermistors
that is in the AHU kit.
To the outdoor unit
AHU heat exchanger
Flare connection
15.88
Expansion valve (accessory)
Attach the liquid thermistor to
the liquid pipe located in the
lowest position after
distributer in heat exchanger
Cover the thermistor
and pipe with
aluminum tape
Thermal insulation and
wiring are fixed in two
bands
Cover the aluminum
tape with thermal
insulation
Attach the gas thermistor to
the gas pipe of collecting gas
pipe in heat exchanger.
Cover the thermistor
and pipe with
aluminum tape
Thermal insulation and
wiring are fixed in two
bands
Cover the aluminum
tape with thermal
insulation
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Design of 2WAY SYSTEM
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Blower operation signal and protection signal
Limitation of AHU
When the AHU is selected, there are some limitations.
Capacity (Cooling) kW 28.0 56.0 84.0 112.0 140.0 168.0
Max. volume of Hex dm
3
5.4 10.7 16.1 21.4 26.8 32.1
Min. volume of Hex dm
3
2.8 5.6 8.4 11.2 14.0 16.8
Table 2: Air volume of AHU
Capacity (Cooling) kW 28.0 56.0 84.0 112.0 140.0 168.0
Max. air volume m
3
/h 3500 7000 10500 14000 17500 21000
Min. air volume m
3
/h 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000 30000
Cooling Heating
Max.
-10 (DB) -20 (WB)
43 (DB) 15 (WB)
Max.
18 (DB) 0 (DB)
32 (DB) / 23 30 (DB)
Outdoor temperature
Blower protect input
Blower signal output
Inlet air temperature
(to the heat exchanger)
Min.
Min.
The limitation of heat exchanger volume and air volume is shown in below table 1 & 2.
But in addition, system requires other complex limitation like pressure loss, sufficient pressure of refrigerant, etc.
An appropriate AHU can be easily selected by using software named "AHU for VRF.exe".
The limitation of temperature range is below.
Table 1: Inside volume of heat exchanger
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How to use the software "AHU for VRF"
1. Execute the software "AHU for VRF.exe"
2. Input the specification of heat exchanger, air volume, capacity and temperature at heating.
Input inside diameter of tube not outside diameter.
All the tubes of a heat exchanger must be the same inside diameter.
From above information, software calculates the inside volume and pressure loss of heat exchanger.
Inside volume of heat exchanger must be between table 1 values.
Input air volume of AHU
Select the system capacity
Check the system size from 10HP to 60HP listed in the box.
Push the Calculation button.
3. Check the results
The results are shown in three places.
Results of inside volume and pressure loss of heat exchanger
*Case "NG":
Change the value excluding No. of paths.
*Case "NG(Pressure loss is high)":
Results of air volume.
*Case "NG":
Change the value.
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Air volume must be in the range shown at table 2.
In case of low temperature condition, it may not be possible for heating operation.
It is for confirming the abnormal situation in heating.
Input the temperature condition.
Inside volume of heat exchanger is out of range shown at table 1.
Pressure loss, especially in cooling operation, is high.
Change the value of "No. of paths".
Air volume of AHU is out of range shown at table 2.
Input distance between tube sheets, No. of paths and steps and rows.
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Heating operation check.
*Case "NG":
The main causes are the following three points.
Change the above value mainly.
*In case of some value displayed.
Push the "Heating Capacity table" button.
It is able to confirm the capacity table in heating.
Data is saved as "temp heat.csv" at the same folder of the software.
If "NG" is displayed, the system cannot perform normal operation in heating mode on this condition.
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This is the case which AHU system cannot perform suitable operation.
1) Outdoor tempearture is low
2) Indoor temperature is low
3) Air volume is high
This is the performance in this condition.
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