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CBSE TEST PAPER-03 CLASS - XI PHYSICS (Work, Energy and Power) Topic: - Work, Energy and Power [ANSWERS]

Ans1: Ans2: Inelastic collision. Potential energy of an air bubble decreases because work is done by upthrust on the bubble. Ans3: Ans4: The loss in potential energy appears as kinetic energy of the molecules of the cid.

F = + 2 + 3k N , i j
S = 4k W = F .S W = + 2 + 3k . 4k i j

)( )

W = 12 J

Ans5:

Velocity of approach

1 = 2 gh1

(Ball drops form height h1) Velocity of separation = 2 gh2 (Ball rebounds to height h2) Coefficient of restitution

e=

2 2 gh2 = 2 gh1 1

e=

h2 h1

Ans6:

It states that work done by force acting on a body is equal to the change produced in its kinetic energy. If F force is applied to move an object through a distance dS Then dw = F .dS

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F = ma dw = ma.d S dw = m
dw = m

dv .d S dt

ds d dt dw = m d Integrating
w

dW = W = m d
o u 2

V W =m 2

W=

m 2 mu 2 2 2

Hence W = Kf Ki Where Kf and Ki are final and initial kinetic energy.

Ans7:

m1 = 0.4kg,

u1 = 4m/s,

m2 = 0.6kg

u2 = 2m/s.

Total K.E. be fore collision 1 1 m1u12 + m2u2 2 2 2 1 1 2 2 Ki = ( 0.4 ) ( 4 ) + ( 0.6 ) ( 2 ) 2 2 Ki = 4.4 J


Ki =

Since collision is perfectly inelastic

m1u1 + m2u2 = 2.8m / s m1 + m2

Total K.E. after collision

1 ( m1 + m2 ) 2 2 1 2 Kf = ( 0.4 + 0.6 ) ( 2.8 ) 2 Kf =


Kf = 3.92 J

Loss in K.E. ( K ) =Ki Kf = 4.4 3.92 = 0.48J

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Ans8:

According to law of conservation of linear momentum

m1u1 + m2u2 = m11 + m22

m1 ( u1 1 ) = m2 ( 2 u2 ) (1)
K.E. also remains conserved. 1 1 1 1 m1u12 + m2u2 2 = m112 + m22 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 m1 ( u1 1 ) = m2 (2 u2 ) (2) Dividing (2) by (1) u1 1 = 2 + u2
u1 u2 = 2 1

I.e. Relative velocity of approach = Relative velocity of separation

Ans9:

(a) Potential energy is the energy possessed by a body by virtue of its position in a field or due to change in its configuration example

A gas compressed in a cylinder, A wound spring of a water, water raised to the overhead tank in a house etc.

(i) Gravitational potential energy decreases as the body falls downwards and is zero at the earth

(ii) Kinetic energy increases as the body falls downwards and is maximum when the body just strikes the ground. (iii) According to law of conservation of energy total mechanical (KE + PE) energy remains constant

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