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Development of Course Material for Training Rigging Engineers

Dannelly Brown Naval Architect

June 14, 2012

Project Team

NASSCO Initial Design and Naval Architecture Lucas Gray Dannelly Brown NASSCO Rigging Engineering Romeo Moe Saul Spykerman NSRP Workforce Development Panel Mark McCoy NASSCO Project Liaison Aris Petrov

What training is already available?

None. An ABET-accredited rigging engineer degree or PE license does not exist. The only path to knowledge is experience.

Who is a rigging engineer?

The term rigging engineer is not defined. Shipyard rigging engineers are often: Naval architects Mechanical engineers Structural engineers Civil engineers Weight control Students should be engineers from a shipyard background, but not necessarily familiar with rigging.

What is rigging engineering?

Movement by Crane Course covers this Erections Material handling On the ground Load support during outfitting Ground transportation Equipment installation Testing UNREP or windlass testing Compliance Maintenance and inspection of equipment

Where would a rookie start?

There is nothing that regulates or teaches engineers: Margins on weight estimates Load deflection Reserve capacity of cranes Clearances How would a rookie know to check these, much less know the answers?

There is no proper training for: How to conduct a weight estimate Where to install padeyes How to evaluate load stability

Training Course Format

This course doesnt prescribe procedure, but Reviews existing standards Points to resources Discusses areas of risk Provides guidance for good engineering practice

This course is modifiable to incorporate yard-specific information such as: Crane capacities and reach, spreader bar information Weight estimation development Stages of Construction Rules of thumb Margins

Training Course Format

The course comprises 8 topics: Powerpoint

Presentation Student Guide Instructor Notes

Instructor guide 10-question test

Dannelly, Slow Down!


Rigging Operations
High Risk Lift Unknown CG Flexible structure Impact load Inclement weather Pick points below the CG More than 1 crane Water is involved Cluttered load path Exceeds >75% of crane capacity Statically indeterminate

Lifting Tools and Vocabulary Part I

Introduces vocabulary Discusses crane limitations and capabilities such as One-crane is safer than 2 due to reduced likelihood of becoming off lead. Two-cranes allow single-axis leveling or angling. One-crane lifts may result in point loading. Talks to the purpose of spreader bars Presents various types

Lifting Tools and Vocabulary Part II

Slings Synthetic Wire Rope Chain Shackles Padeyes

Common manufacturers and available information Applicable ASME or OSHA regulation Maintenance information Common causes of failure

Yard Information - yard tour or a powerpoint or both

Cranes (capacities, load charts, tracks) Spreader bars (capacities, typical arrangements) Storage locations for equipment Maintenance policies Standard units, reference points, work package information Safety margins and high risk areas Documentation policies Safety information (PPE, walking underneath loads) Points of contact

It is important to tailor this topic to the audience. For example, a new graduate will require different information than an ex-foreman who has been to night school.


Legislation, Standards, and References

OSHA / CFR ASME B30.20 ASME BTH-1 AWS D14.1 Due to the shortage of applicable standards, the rigging engineer should be familiar with alternative resources and best practices.


ASME BTH Standard

Walks through the standard for familiarity Discusses modes of failure References papers for design guidance Points to areas of confusion



Load Stability Load and center of gravity estimation Communication Management Pressure Communication Exceeding the limit of the facility Plus Murphys Law


Load Instability

An instable load will overturn if there is any induced angle. An induced angle may be caused by: Landing on an inclined surface A poorly estimated center of gravity Wind Uneven crane pull A stable arrangement examines Geometry Moments caused by an induced angle


Weight and Center Estimation

Steel Outfit Rigging hardware (slings, spreader bars) Landing equipment (fitting aids, pipe shores) Production support (scaffolding, temporary lighting) Free ride equipment Immeasurable weights (paint, welding) Liquids (machinery) Weight margin Anything else (rainwater, garbage)


Padeye Location


Internal Structure

Reliance on available backup structure Minimum temporary structure Minimal load deflection Minimal welding distortion


Acceptable Geometry

No interference with outfitting, especially during 180 turn Acceptable separation of the booms Appropriate spreader bar selection


Planning for Later Lifts

Acceptable side load on padeye especially during 180 turn Preference to downhand welding Ease of padeye and temporary structure removal Maximize the padeyes left on the ship Reuse of padeyes on later lifts


Rigging Practice


How to Obtain the Course

Weve got copies here if anyone wants one. Contact NSRP@scra.org to receive a CD in the mail.