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British and American Poetry in the Twentieth Century

anul al III-lea, semestrul al II-lea Prof. Dr. Rodica Mihil, Lect. Dr. Liviu Andreescu

The course provides an introduction to twentieth-century poetry in Britain and the United States. It focuses on several movements which had a lasting impact on the development of poetry over the past century (modernism, Imagism, Thirties poets, Beat, confessionalism etc.), as well as on some of the most significant poets of the period (Yeats, Eliot, Pound, Thomas, Ginsberg etc.). While the course is designed to supply students with both the conceptual knowledge and the historical insight necessary in order to understand the growth of British and American poetry in the period 1910-1980, it relies, to a significant degree, on the close reading of a sampling of very significant and frequently anthologized poetic works. The close reading exercise will illuminate, in a more immediate and tangible way, the relationships developing between individual works and individual authors, within and across movements and trends. Course requirements. Students are expected to bring to class printed copies of the poems assigned, to read closely the poems, and to master the relevant bibliography and the information offered in the course.

Bibliografie Andreescu, Liviu. A Thematic Introduction to Twentieth-Century British and American Poetry. Bucureti: Ed. Fundaiei Romnia de Mine, 2009. Mihil, Rodica. Turning the Wheel: The Construction of Power Relations in Contemporary American Womens Poetry. Bucureti: Editura Universitii Bucureti, 1995. Vianu, Lidia. T.S. Eliot: An Author for All Seasons. Bucureti: Paideia, 1997.

Course schedule 1. American poetry before modernism (Walt Whitman, Emily Dickinson) 2. Modernism in literature (definitions of modernism, history of modernism, modernist movements, critical concepts) 3. Modernism in poetry, I (T.S. Eliot, The Burial of the Dead; T.S. Eliot, Gerontion; Ezra Pound, In A Station of the Metro) http://www.infoplease.com/t/lit/wasteland/burial.html http://www.bartleby.com/199/13.html http://www.bartleby.com/104/106.html 4. Modernism in poetry, II (W.B. Yeats, Sailing to Byzantium; W.B. Yeats, The Second Coming) http://www.online-literature.com/yeats/781/ http://www.online-literature.com/yeats/780/ 5. American modernism (William Carlos Williams, The Red Wheelbarrow; William Carlos Williams, Spring and All; Langston Hughes, Christ in Alabama) http://www.poets.org/viewmedia.php/prmMID/15537 http://www.poets.org/viewmedia.php/prmMID/15536 http://xroads.virginia.edu/~MA05/dulis/poetry/Hughes/hughes2.html 6. The Thirties Poets (W.H. Auden, Muse des Beaux Arts) http://www.harpers.org/archive/2008/11/hbc-90003880 7. Neo-Romanticism (Dylan Thomas, Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night) http://www.poets.org/viewmedia.php/prmMID/15377 8. Postwar poetry in the United States (Allen Ginsberg, Howl [Pt. II]; Allen Ginsberg, A Supermarket in California)

http://sprayberry.tripod.com/poems/howl.txt http://www.writing.upenn.edu/~afilreis/88/supermarket.html 9. Confessionalism (Sylvia Plath, Daddy) http://www.internal.org/Sylvia_Plath/Daddy 10. Womens poetry (Adrienne Rich, Solfeggietto) see course package / course textbook for the Rich poem 11. Contemporary British poetry (Seamus Heaney, An Ulster Twilight; Philip Larkin, Continuing to Live) see course package / course textbook for the Heaney poem http://www.poetryconnection.net/poets/Philip_Larkin/3528 12. Conclusions and review