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CURRICULUM OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING B.Sc. / B.E. & M.Sc. / M.E.

Revised 2008

HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION ISLAMABAD

CURRICULUM DIVISION, HEC


Dr. Syed Sohail H. Naqvi Prof. Dr. Riaz ul Haq Tariq Miss Ghayyur Fatima Mr. M. Tahir Ali Shah Mr. Shafiullah Khan Executive Director Member (Acad) Deputy Director (Curri) Assistant Director Assistant Director

Composed by Mr. Zulfiqar Ali, HEC Islamabad


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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page Number

Introduction Curriculum for Electrical Engineering Goal Objectives Expected Outcome Salient Features Scheme of Studies for B.Sc./B.E. Programme in Electrical Engineering

6 9 9 9 10 11 12 19 19 19 28 30 34 34 36 43 46 48 48 48 56 61 69 75 81 96 98 100

Details of Undergraduate Courses


A. Courses of Non-Engineering Domain 1. Humanities 2. Management Sciences 3. Natural/General Sciences Courses of Engineering Domain 1. Computing 2. Engineering Foundation 3. Major Engineering Core Courses (Breadth) 4. Inter-Disciplinary Engineering Courses (Breadth) 5. Major Engineering Core Courses (Depth) Elective Courses for Specialization 1. Power Engineering 2. Electronic Engineering 3. Telecommunication 4. Computer Engineering 5. Control Engineering

B.

C.

Annexure A Recommendation for the Undergraduate programme Scheme of Studies for M.Eng./M.Sc/M.E. in Electrical Engineering Recommendation for the Post-graduate programme

PREFACE
Curriculum development is a highly organized and systematic process and involves a number of procedures. Many of these procedures include incorporating the results from international research studies and reforms made in other countries. These studies and reforms are then related to the particular subject and the position in Pakistan so that the proposed curriculum may have its roots in the socioeconomics setup in which it is to be introduced. Hence, unlike a machine, it is not possible to accept any curriculum in its entirety. It has to be studied thoroughly and all aspects are to be critically examined before any component is recommended for adoption. In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Federal Supervision of Curricula Textbooks and Maintenance of Standards of Education Act 1976, the Federal Government vide notification No. D773/76-JEA (cur.), dated December 4th 1976, appointed the University Grants Commission as the competent authority to look after the curriculum revision work beyond class XII at the bachelor level and onwards to all degrees, certificates and diplomas awarded by degree colleges, universities and other institutions of higher education.
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In pursuance of the above decisions and directives, the Higher Education Commission (HEC) is continually performing curriculum revision in collaboration with universities. According to the decision of the special meeting of ViceChancellors Committee, the curriculum of a subject must be reviewed after every 3 years. A committee of experts comprising of conveners from the National Curriculum Revision of HEC in Basic, Applied Social Sciences and Engineering disciplines met in April 2007 and developed a unified template to standardize degree programs in the country to bring the national curriculum at par with international standards, and to fulfill the needs of the local industries. It also aimed to give a basic, broad based knowledge to the students to ensure the quality of education. The new BS degree shall be of 4 years duration, and will require the completion of 130-136 credit hours. The engineering degree will devote 65-70% of the curriculum towards engineering courses, and 35--30% to non Engineering courses. For the purpose of curriculum revision various committees are constituted at the national level, comprising of senior teachers nominated by universities, degree awarding institutions, R&D organizations and respective accreditation councils. The National Curriculum Revision Committee for Electrical Engineering in a special meeting held on June 26-27, 2007 at HEC Regional Centre, Lahore and final meeting held on January 24, 2008 at HEC Islamabad revised the curriculum in light of the unified template. The final draft prepared by the National Curriculum Revision Special Committee, duly approved by the competent authority, is being circulated for implementation in the concerned institutions.

DR.RIAZ-UL-HAQ TARIQ Member Academics April 2008


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CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT
STAGE-I STAGE-II STAGE-III STAGE-IV

CURRI. UNDER CONSIDERATION

CURRI. IN DRAFT STAGE

FINAL STAGE

FOLLOW UP

COLLECTION OF EXP NOMINATION UNI, R&D, INDUSTRY & COUNCILS

APPRAISAL OF 1ST DRAFT BY EXP


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PREP. OF FINAL CURRI.

QUESTIONNAIRE

CONS. OF NCRC.

FINALIZATION OF DRAFT BY NCRC

COMMENTS PRINTING OF CURRI.

PREP. OF DRAFT BY NCRC

REVIEW

IMPLE. OF CURRI.

Abbreviations Used:
NCRC. National Curriculum Revision Committee VCC. EXP. COL. UNI. Vice-Chancellors Committee Experts Colleges Universities

ORIENTATION COURSES BY LI, HEC

BACK TO STAGE-I

PREP. Preparation REC. LI R&D HEC Recommendations Learning Innovation Research & Development Organization Higher Education Commission

INTRODUCTION
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The National Curriculum Revision Committee (NCRC) special meeting in Electrical Engineering was held on 26-27 June, 2007 at HEC Regional Center Lahore in continuation to its earlier meetings held on May 29-31, 2006 and August 7-9, 2006 at Regional Centre, Karachi to amend the draft curriculum of BE/B.Sc. Electrical Engineering in the light of unified framework for all engineering curricula as approved by the Conveners of NCRCs on 21 April 2007 at HEC Headquarters Islamabad. Following attended the meeting: 1. Commodore Dr. Sarfraz Hussain SI(M) Professor, Pakistan Navy Engineering College, NUST, Habib Rehmatullah Road, Karachi Prof. Dr. Talat Altaf, Chairman, Department of Electrical Engineering, NED University of Engineering & Technology, Karachi Prof. Dr. M. Aslam Uqaili, Department of Electrical Engineering, Mehran University of Engineering & Technology, Jamshoro Mr. Saeed Ahmed Shaikh, Dean Faculty of Engineering, Balochistan University of Engineering & Technology, Khuzdar. Professor Mueenuddin Memon, Department of Electrical Engineering, Quaid-e-Awam University of Engineering & Technology, Nawabshah. Prof. Dr. Tahir Izhar, Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Engineering & Technology, Lahore Prof. Dr. Salim Tariq, Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Engineering & Technology, Lahore. Dr. Muhammad Asghar Saqib Associate Professor, Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Engineering & Technology, Lahore Dr. Nisar Ahmed, Assistant Professor, Department of Electrical Engineering, GIKI Institute of Engineering Sciences & Technology, Topi, Swabi Convener

2.

Member

3.

Member

4.

Member

5.

Member

6.

Member

7.

Member

8.

Member

9.

Member

10.

Engr. Amjad Khattak Department of Electrical Engineering, NWFP University of Engineering & Technology, Peshawar. Engr. Muhammad Amjad, Assistant Professor, NFC Institute of Engg & Tech. Training Institute, Khanewal Road, Multan Engr. Dr. Muhammad Akbar, Deputy Convener EA&QEC PEC< General Manager, HV & SE Testing Laboratory, WAPDA Rawat, Islamabad. Prof. Dr. Naeem Iqbal, Head, Department of Electrical Engineering PIEAS, Nilore, Islamabad

Member

11.

Member

12.

Member

13.

Member/Secretary

The meeting started with the recitation from Holy Quran. Mr. Bashir Ahmed, Deputy Director, HEC Regional Centre, Lahore, welcomed the participants of the meeting on behalf of the Chairman HEC. Ms. Ghayyur Fatima, Deputy Director (Curriculum), HEC briefed the participants about the HECs desire to bring uniformity in the curricula of different disciplines and the work done by other NCRCs in this direction. The Committee reviewed the draft curriculum prepared by it in the earlier meetings vis--vis the unified framework for all engineering curricula as approved by the Conveners of NCRCs on 21 April 2007 at HEC Headquarters Islamabad. The Committee worked for two days and modified the whole curriculum of BE/B.Sc. Electrical Engineering as per the unified curriculum template provided by HEC. The Committee, in its last sitting, decided that the members should take the modified draft back to their universities, read it completely for any errors and omissions prior to its finalization. They were asked to communicate the same to the Convener and Secretary. At the end of the meeting, Ms. Ghayyur Fatima thanked all members of the committee for their efforts in the revision of the Electrical Engineering curriculum. The Convener, Cdre. Prof. Dr. Sarfraz Hussain SI(M), closed the meeting with a note of thanks on behalf of all committee members to HEC for facilitating this activity of national importance. He thanked all members of the committee for the dedication they showed in carrying out this work and the interest with which they undertook this assignment. The final meeting of National Curriculum Revision Committee (NCRC) in Electrical Engineering was held on 24 January 2008 at HEC Headquarters Islamabad to finalize the draft curriculum of BE/B.Sc. Electrical Engineering in the light of unified framework for all engineering curricula as approved by the Conveners of NCRCs on 21 April 2007 at HEC Headquarters Islamabad. Following attended the meeting: 1. Commodore Dr. Sarfraz Hussain SI(M) Professor, Pakistan Navy Engineering College, NUST, Habib Rehmatullah Road, Karachi Convener

2.

Prof. Dr. Talat Altaf, Chairman, Department of Electrical Engineering, NED University of Engineering & Technology, Karachi Mr. Saeed Ahmed Shaikh, Dean Faculty of Engineering, Balochistan University of Engineering & Technology, Khuzdar. Prof. Dr. Azzam-ul-Asar, Department of Electrical Engineering, NWFP University of Engineering & Technology, Peshawar Dr. Tahir Izhar, Professor Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Engineering & Technology, Lahore Dr. Muhammad Asghar Saqib Associate Professor, Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Engineering & Technology, Lahore Prof. Dr. Naeem Iqbal, Head, Department of Electrical Engineering PIEAS, Nilore, Islamabad

Member

3.

Member

4.

Member

5.

Member

6.

Member

7.

Member/Secretary

The meeting started with the recitation from Holy Quran. Dr Sohail H. Naqvi Executive Director HEC briefed the Committee about the HECs policy and efforts to improve the standard of education in the country and the significance of bringing uniformity in the curricula of different disciplines to achieve this goal. Subsequently, Ms. Ghayyur Fatima, Deputy Director (Curriculum), HEC briefed the participants about the minor anomalies which still persisted in the curriculum of BE/B.Sc. Electrical Engineering as compared with the curricula of other disciplines modified by different NCRCs in the light of unified framework approved by the Conveners of NCRCs. The Committee reviewed the draft curriculum prepared by it in the earlier meetings and incorporated changes where required ensuring that it meets all the required parameters. The Committee, in its last sitting, decided that the members should take the modified draft back to their universities, incorporate the objectives of the courses as allocated, read the draft curriculum completely for any errors and omissions prior to its submission for printing At the end of the meeting, Ms. Ghayyur Fatima thanked all members of the committee for their efforts in the revision of the Electrical Engineering curriculum. The Convener, Cdre. Prof. Dr. Sarfraz Hussain SI(M), closed the meeting with a note of thanks on behalf of all committee members to HEC for facilitating this activity of national importance. He thanked all members of the committee for the dedication they showed in carrying out this work and the interest with which they undertook this assignment. 8

CURRICULU FOR ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING


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Electrical Engineering is one of the oldest disciplines of engineering. Initially it was confined to few areas such as power generation, transmission and distribution; radio communication and wireless telephony. However, in the last half of the century it has seen tremendous growth and expansion. The diversification and expansion in some areas of electrical engineering has been of such a large magnitude that they seem to be independent disciplines in their own. These include Electronic Engineering, Telecommunication, Computer Engineering, Information Technology, and Control Systems etc. However, in a large part of the world Electrical Engineering is still considered to be the parent discipline. This curriculum has been developed on this rationale. It facilitates the teaching of common core courses and selection of courses of a particular area depending upon the need and availability of the resources.

GOAL
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The goal of the Electrical Engineering undergraduate program should be to prepare the students for entry-level positions as electrical engineers for the broad range of opportunities available in industrial, commercial, and governmental organizations; and also to prepare them for life long learning experiences either through a formal graduate program or through continuing education facilities.

OBJECTIVES
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The objectives of the undergraduate program in Electrical Engineering should be to equip the students with: a. Sound engineering knowledge. b. Effective communication skills. c. High moral values and good engineering ethics. d. Good analytical skills and systematic program solving capabilities. e. Inquisitive mind to undertake research for solving engineering problems. f. Scientific skills to manage the human and technological resources optimally. g. Effective leadership and decision-making skills.

EXPECTED OUTCOME
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If the curriculum prescribed for the undergraduate students is implemented effectively, the Electrical Engineering graduates would: a. Possess essential engineering knowledge for meeting the requirements of industries and other organizations needing graduate engineers. b. Have the academic background and basic research skills to pursue postgraduate studies at national and international level. c. Possess the basic design/development skills and management/economic know how to enter the market as an entrepreneur. d. Apply engineering knowledge, mathematical tools and probabilistic/statistical methods to solve technical problems. e. Exploit information technology resources, computing hardware and software to solve the technical problems optimally and provide new solutions through innovative designs. f. Function effectively in a multi-disciplinary team. g. Understand the impact of electrical environmental and societal context. engineering solutions in the

h. Engage himself / herself in a life long learning process. i. Acquire knowledge of contemporary issues and their correlation with the technology. j. Avoid real or perceived conflicts of interest whenever possible, and disclose them to affected parties when they do exist. k. Be honest and realistic in stating claims or estimates based on available data and reject bribery in its all forms. l. Seek, accept and offer honest criticism of technical work, acknowledge and correct errors and credit properly the contributions of others.

m. Treat fairly all persons regardless of such factors as race, religion, gender, disability, age or regional origin. n. Avoid injuring others, their property, reputation, or employment by false or malicious action. p. Assist colleagues and co-workers in their professional development and support them in following the ethics.

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SALIENT FEATURES
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The curriculum for the undergraduate program has been revised on the basis of HEC and PEC directives. The salient features of the revised curriculum are given below: Duration: 4 years Number of Semesters Number of weeks per semester: Total number of credit hours: Number of credit hours per semester: Engineering Course (Minimum): Non-Engineering Course (Maximum): 8 18 (16 for teaching and 2 for examinations) 132 11 19 66.7 per cent 33.3 per cent

The entire curriculum of Electrical Engineering at undergraduate level has been designed on the following lines: a. It is based on the concept of foundation, breadth and depth courses so that streams for different specializations can be created within each discipline. b. Foundation courses: the foundation courses are the courses that all students in a given discipline of engineering must take. These courses provide students with the fundamental concepts and tools to pursue their studies at the higher level. c. Breadth Courses: the breadth courses introduce students to different specialties in the given discipline of engineering early in their studies. Before taking the breadth courses, the students should be advised that their choices will affect taking follow up courses because of pre-requisite requirement. d. Depth Courses: The depth courses offer specialization within each engineering discipline. All depth courses must integrate a substantial design component. e. The students may select electives from any of the areas of specialization with some guidelines from their respective advisors. f. All courses are also identified as engineering or non-engineering. g. Elective courses for five different specializations have been specified. h. A university can offer a degree programme in Electrical Engineering at undergraduate level by selecting all the prescribed foundation, breadth and the depth courses and the elective courses of the disciplines in which the university has the requisite faculty and lab facilities. i. By following the above approach, the universities will be able to offer BE/B.Sc. degree programmes in Electrical Engineering with any of the five different specializations.

j. This design of the curriculum will facilitate the universities to optimize the utilization of faculty and resources and produce engineers with greater indepth knowledge in the selected areas.

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SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR B.Sc. / B.E. PROGRAM IN ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING


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Duration: Number of Semesters Number of weeks per semester: Number of credit hours per semester: Total number of credit hours: Non-Engineering Courses (Maximum): Engineering Course (Minimum):

4 years 8 18 (16 for teaching and 2 for examinations) 11 19 132 16 Courses, 44 Cr Hrs, 33.3 % of total 26 Courses, 88 Cr Hrs, 66.7 % of total

COURSES OF NON-ENGINEERING DOMAIN


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Knowledge Area Humanities

Sub Area English

Name of Course English-I English-II Communication Skills Islamic Studies/ Ethics (For Non-Muslim Students) Pakistan Studies Engineering Ethics (Soc-I) Social Sciences-II * Engineering Economics Engineering Management Applied Calculus Linear Algebra Differential Equations Complex Variables and Transforms Applied Physics Numerical Analysis

Lec CH 3 3 3 2

Lab CH 0 0 0 0

Cre dit Ho urs 3 3 3 2

Total Cours es 3

Total Credit s 9

% Area

% Over All 6.82

20.45

Culture

2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 43 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 4 3 44 1 1 16 2 2

9.09

3.03

Social Science s Management Sciences Natural / General Sciences --

13.64

4.55

13.64

4.55

Math

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27.27

9.09

Physics Total

4 3 44

9.09 6.82 100.00

3.03 2.27 33.33

* A course such as, but not limited to, Sociology, Psychology, Society and Culture, Anthropology and Fine Arts may be selected considering the availability of the faculty.

Lec CH: Lecturer Credit Hours

Lab CH: Laboratory Credit Hours

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COURSES OF ENGINEERING DOMAIN


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Knowledge Area Computing

Sub Area

Name of Course

Lec CH 2 2 2 3 2 3 3 3 3 3 0 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 0 0 0 67

Lab CH 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 3 3 0 21

FundamenTals ProgrammIng Design --

Engineering Foundation

Major Engineering Core Courses (Breadth)

--

Major Engineering Core Courses (Depth)

--

InterDisciplinary Engineering Courses (Breadth) Senior Design Project

--

--

Computer Fundamentals Object Oriented Programming Computer Aided Design and Simulation Linear Circuit Analysis Workshop Practice Electrical Network Analysis Electronic Devices and Circuits Digital Logic Design Instrumentation and Measurements Electromechanical Systems Engineering Drawing Probability and Statistics for Engineers Electromagnetic Field Theory Microprocessor Based Systems Introduction to Power Engineering Linear Control Systems Signals and Systems Engineering Elective-I (Depth-I) Engineering Elective-II (Depth-II) Engineering Elective-III (Depth-III) Engineering Elective-IV (Depth-IV) Engineering Elective-V (Depth-V) Basic Mechanical Engineering Applied Thermodynamics Senior Design Project I Senior Design Project II

Cre dit Hou rs 3 3

Total Cours es

Tot al Cre dits

% Area

% Overa ll

3 2 4 2 4 4 4 4 4 1 3 3 4 3 5 4 4 4 4 4 5 4 4 3 2 3 3 3 0 88 2 0 26 9

9.09

6.06

30

34.09

22.73

18

20.45

13.64

20

22.73

15.15

6.82

4.55

6 0 88

6.82 0 100.00

4.55 0 66.67

Industrial Training (Summer) Total

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SEMESTER WISE DISTRIBUTION OF COURSES


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1st Year
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Semester-I
Course Title
Linear Circuit Analysis Workshop Practice Basic Mechanical Engineering English-I Applied Calculus Islamic Studies/Ethics (For Non-Muslim Students)

1st Year
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Semester-II
Course Title
Engineering Drawing Applied Physics Linear Algebra English-II Computer Fundamentals Engineering Ethics Pakistan Studies

Course
EE-111 EE-112 ME-113 HS-114 GS-115 HS 116/117

Cr. Hr.
3+1 2+0 3+0 3+0 3+0 2+0

Course
ME-121 GS-122 GS-123 HS-124 CS-125 HS-126 HS-127

Cr. Hr.
0+1 3+1 3+0 3+0 3+0 3+0 2+0

Total

16+1

Total

17+2

2nd Year
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Semester-III
Instrumentation and Measurements Communication Skills Electronic Devices and Circuits Object Oriented Programming Differential Equations 3+1 3+0 3+1 3+0 3+0

2nd Year
P P

Semester-IV
Electro-mechanical Systems Digital Logic Design Electrical Network Analysis Engineering Economics Complex Variables and Transforms 3+1 3+1 3+1 3+0 3+0

EE-211 HS-212 EE-213 CS-214 GS-215

EE-221 EE-222 EE-223 MS-224 GS-225

Total

15+2

Total

15+3

3 Year
P P

rd

Semester-V
Electromagnetic Field Theory Signals and Systems Probability and Statistics for Engineers Social Sciences-II Introduction to Power Engineering 3+0 3+1 3+0 3+0 3+0

3 Year
P P

rd

Semester-VI
Numerical Analysis Engineering Management Applied Thermodynamics Computer Aided Design and Simulation (Elective-1) 3+0 3+0 3+0 2+0 3+1

EE-311 EE-312 GS-313 HS-314 EE-315

GS-321 MS-322 ME-323 CS-324 EE-xxx

Total

15+1

Total

14+1

4th Year
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Semester-VII
Microprocessor Based Systems Linear Control Systems (Elective-2) (Elective-3) Senior Design Project I 3+1 3+1 3+1 3+1 0+3

4th Year
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Semester-VIII
Senior Design Project II (Elective-4) (Elective-5) 0+3 3+1 3+1

EE-411 EE-412 EE-xxx EE-xxx EE-421*

EE-421* EE-xxx EE-xxx

Total

12+7

Total

6+5

EE-421 is the final year project which will spread over two semesters starting from semester-VII.

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Abbreviations Used:
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HS: MS: GS: CS: EE: ME: CE:

Humanities Management Sciences Natural / General Sciences Computer Science Electrical Engineering Mechanical Engineering Civil Engineering

COURSE CODE METHODOLOGY


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An educational institution may adopt the course code methodology used in this document or design its own. The course code methodology may be designed on the following guidelines: a. The first two alphabets in a course code may indicate the discipline, for example, GS for General/Natural Sciences and EE for Electrical Engineering. b. The first digit in the course code may indicate the academic year during which the course is offered, for example, the first digit 3 in EE-312 Signals and Systems indicates that this course is offered during the 3rd academic year.
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c. The second digit in the course code may indicate the semester of the year, for example, the second digit 1 in EE-312 Signals and Systems indicates that this course is offered in first semester of third year. d. The third digit of the course code may indicate serial number of the course amongst the courses being taught in a semester, for example, the digit 3 in EE-312 Signals and Systems indicates that it is the third course being taught in the first semester of third year.

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LIST OF COURSES FOR B.Sc. / B.E. IN ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING


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CORE COURSES OF NON-ENGINEERING DOMAIN


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1.

Humanities
i. ii. iii. iv. v. vi. vii. English-I English-II Communication Skills Islamic Studies or Ethics (for non-Muslim students) Pakistan Studies Engineering Ethics (Social-I) Social Sciences-II

2.

Management Sciences
i. ii. Engineering Economics Engineering Management

3.

Natural/General Sciences
i. ii. iii. iv. v. vi. Applied Calculus Linear Algebra Differential Equations Complex Variables and Transforms Applied Physics Numerical Analysis

CORE COURSES OF ENGINEERING DOMAIN


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1.

Computing
i. ii. iii. Computer Fundamentals Object Oriented Programming Computer Aided Design and Simulation

2.

Engineering - Foundation
i. ii. iii. iv. v. vi. vii. viii. ix. Linear Circuit Analysis Workshop Practice Electrical Network Analysis Electronic Devices and Circuits Digital Logic Design Instrumentation and Measurements Electro-mechanical Systems Engineering Drawing Probability and Statistics for Engineers

3.

Major Engineering Breadth


i. ii. iii. iv. v. Electromagnetic Field Theory Microprocessor Based Systems Introduction to Power Engineering Linear Control Systems Signals and Systems 16

4.

Major Engineering Depth


Five courses should be chosen from the set of Elective Courses considering the Specialization being offered.

5.

Interdisciplinary Engineering - Breadth


i. ii. Basic Mechanical Engineering Applied Thermodynamics

ELECTIVE COURSES FOR SPECIALIZATION


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1.
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Power Engineering
i. ii. iii. iv. v. vi. vii. viii. ix. x. xi. xii. xiii. Power System Analysis Power Economics and Management Renewable Energy Systems Power Generation Power Distribution and Utilization Electrical Machine Design and Equipment Training Power System Protection Power System Operation and Control Electrical Power Transmission Fundamentals of High Voltage Engineering Power Electronics Advanced Electrical Machines Basic Civil Engineering

2.
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Electronic Engineering
i. ii. iii. iv. v. vi. vii. viii. ix. x. VLSI Design Industrial Process Control Digital Electronics Digital Instrumentation Opto-Electronics Industrial Electronics Power Electronics Digital Signal Processing Digital System Design Electromagnetic Compatibility

3.
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Telecommunication Engineering
i. ii. iii. iv. v. vi. vii. viii. ix. x. xi. Microwave Devices Communication Systems Optical Fiber Communication Radar Systems Mobile Communication Satellite Communication Telecommunication Management Wave Propagation and Antennas Electromagnetic Compatibility Digital Signal Processing Multimedia Communication

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4.
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Computer Engineering
i. ii. iii. iv. v. vi. vii. viii. ix. x. xi. xii. xiii. xiv. Computer Communication Networks Computer Graphics Digital Signal Processing Digital Image Processing Artificial Intelligence and Neural Networks Embedded System Design Computer Architecture and Organization Data Structures and Algorithm Relational Database Management System Fundamentals of Operating Systems Software Engineering Management Information Systems Parallel and Distributed Processing Data Mining

5.
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Control Engineering
i. ii. iii. iv. v. vi. vii. viii. ix. x. xi. Robotics Digital Control Systems Artificial Intelligence and Neural Networks Fuzzy Logic Advanced Control Systems Optimal Control Introduction to Adaptive Control Stochastic Control Discrete Structures Multivariable Control Introduction to Non-linear Control

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DETAILS OF COURSES FOR UNDERGRADUATE PROGRAMME


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COURSES OF NON-ENGINEERING DOMAIN


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1.
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Humanities
ENGLISH I
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HS-114

Functional English
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Theory Cr Hrs-3 Lab Cr Hrs-0 Objectives:


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To enhance language skills and develop critical thinking

Course Contents
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Basics of Grammar Parts of speech and use of articles Sentence structure, Active and passive voice Practice in unified sentence Analysis of phrase, clause and sentence structure Transitive and intransitive verbs Punctuation and spelling

Comprehension
Answers to questions on a given text

Discussion
General topics and every day conversation (topics for discussion to be at the discretion of the teacher keeping in view the level of students)

Listening
To be improved by showing documentaries/films carefully selected by subject teachers)

Translation skills
Urdu to English

Paragraph writing
Topics to be chosen at the discretion of the teacher

Presentation skills
Introduction

Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building

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Recommended books:
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1. a)

Functional English Grammar


1.
2. Practical English Grammar by A.J. Thomson and A.V. Martinet. Exercises 1. Third edition. Oxford University Press. 1997. ISBN 0194313492 Practical English Grammar by A.J. Thomson and A.V. Martinet. Exercises 2. Third edition. Oxford University Press. 1997. ISBN 0194313506 Writing. Intermediate by Marie-Christine Boutin, Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Fourth Impression 1993. ISBN 0 19 435405 7 Pages 20-27 and 35-41.

b)

Writing
1.

c)

Reading/Comprehension
1.
Reading. Upper Intermediate. Brain Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Third Impression 1992. ISBN 0 19 453402 2.

d)

Speaking

HS-124
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ENGLISH II Technical Writing and Presentation Skills

Theory Cr Hrs-3 Lab Cr Hrs-0 Objectives:


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To enhance language skills and develop critical thinking

Course Contents
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Presentation skills Essay writing


Descriptive, narrative, discursive, argumentative

Academic writing
How to write a proposal for research paper/term paper How to write a research paper/term paper (emphasis on style, content, language, form, clarity, consistency)

Technical Report writing Progress report writing Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building
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Recommended books: Technical Writing and Presentation Skills


a) Essay Writing and Academic Writing 1. Writing. Advanced by Ron White. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Third Impression 1992. ISBN 0 19 435407 3 (particularly suitable for discursive, descriptive, argumentative and report writing). 2. 3. b) c) College Writing Skills by John Langan. Mc=Graw-Hill Higher Education. 2004. Patterns of College Writing (4th edition) by Laurie G. Kirszner and Stephen R. Mandell. St. Martins Press.
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Presentation Skills Reading The Mercury Reader. A Custom Publication. Compiled by norther Illinois University. General Editiors: Janice Neulib; Kathleen Shine Cain; Stephen Ruffus and Maurice Scharton. (A reader which will give students exposure to the best of twentieth century literature, without taxing the taste of engineering students).

HS-212
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COMMUNICATION SKILLS
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Theory Cr Hrs-3 Lab Cr Hrs-0 Objectives


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The objective of this course is to enable the students apply the knowledge and skills acquired in English I and English II courses in the earlier semesters. The students will improve their skills to optimal levels in reading, writing, listening and speaking. The course also aims at enabling the students to enhance their technical writing skills and equipping them with fairly good vocabulary.

Course Contents
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Explanation and practice of English (speaking, listening, reading and writing) skills, Lecture listening and note-taking strategies, and Oral communication skills improved through discussions & seminars. The rationale and importance of Communication Skills for Engineers in practical life. Improvement of students speaking power, building their confidence and helping them overcome their stage fright through following activities: Individual presentations by students on assigned topics with a short question-answer session after each presentation. Group discussion. Impromptu talk by students on topics of common interest. Seminars. Reading of lessons 1 to 5 of the prescribed textbook and exercises on reading comprehension.

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Improvement of listening skills by assigning students various tasks/exercises after listening to pre-recorded audio cassettes in order to help them listen more accurately and efficiently to a variety of authentic and semi-authentic recordings. Essay writing with emphasis on techniques for clear and effective thinking and the three stages - planning, writing and revising. Writing technical reports/research papers with guideline on researching a subject, organizing information/data making an outline, formatting and completing elements/parts of the report/research papers. Prcis (summary) writing, its importance in practical life and method/procedure of writing an effective prcis followed by practice by students. Letter writing Secrets of good letter writing, Handling your personal correspondence, give your letters the right look. Letter Writing Exercises: including business letters and letters seeking employment with emphasis on format and style. Resume writing with emphasis on the format of the three types of resume, that is, chronological, functional and chrono-functional resume. Vocabulary Building Students to be guided on quick and easy ways of vocabulary building. Recommended Books
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1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Anchor in English-II (Lessons 1-5), A SPELT Publication, Latest Edition. Summary Writing (Book-I), Christopher Fry (OUP) , Latest Edition. Speaking Clearly, Pamela Rogerson & Judy B Gilbert, Latest Edition. Basic Technical Writing, Herman M Weisman, Latest Edition. Intermediate English Course, Linguaphone Institute, London, Latest Edition. Longman/Merriam-Webster/Oxford Dictionary, Latest Edition. Vocabulary Builder, www.number2.com
HTU UTH

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HS-116
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ISLAMIC STUDIES

Theory Cr Hrs-2

Lab Cr Hrs-0

Objectives: This course is aimed at: 1 To provide Basic information about Islamic Studies
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2 To enhance understanding of the students regarding Islamic Civilization 3 To improve Students skill to perform prayers and other worships 4 To enhance the skill of the students for understanding of issues related to faith and religious life.

DETAIL OF COURSES
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INTRODUCTION TO QURANIC STUDIES


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1) Basic Concepts of Quran 2) History of Quran 3) Uloom-ul -Quran

STUDY OF SELLECTED TEXT OF HOLLY QURAN


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1) Verses of Surah Al-Baqra Related to Faith(Verse No-284-286) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hujrat Related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse No-1-18) 3) Verses of Surah Al-Mumanoon Related to Characteristics of faithful (Verse No-1-11) 4) Verses of Surah al-Furqan Related to Social Ethics (Verse No.63-77) 5) Verses of Surah Al-Inam Related to Ihkam(Verse No-152-154)

STUDY OF SELLECTED TEXT OF HOLLY QURAN


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1) Verses of Surah Al-Ihzab Related to Adab al-Nabi (Verse No.6,21,40,56,57,58.) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hashar (18,19,20) Related to thinking, Day of Judgment 3) Verses of Surah Al-Saf Related to Tafakar,Tadabar (Verse No-1,14)

SEERAT OF HOLY PROPHET (S.A.W) I


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1) Life of Muhammad Bin Abdullah ( Before Prophet Hood) 2) Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.W) in Makkah 3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Makkah

SEERAT OF HOLY PROPHET (S.A.W) II


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1) Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.W) in Madina 2) Important Events of Life Holy Prophet in Madina 3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Madina
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INTRODUCTION TO SUNNAH
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1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6)
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Basic Concepts of Hadith History of Hadith Kinds of Hadith Uloom ul-Hadith Sunnah & Hadith Legal Position of Sunnah
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SELLECTED STUDY FROM TEXT OF HADITH


1) 2) 3) 4) 5)

INTRODUCTION TO ISLAMIC LAW & JURISPRUDENCE


Basic Concepts of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence History & Importance of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence Sources of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence Nature of Differences in Islamic Law Islam and Sectarianism

ISLAMIC CULTURE & CIVILIZATION


1) 2) 3) 4) Basic Concepts of Islamic Culture & Civilization Historical Development of Islamic Culture & Civilization Characteristics of Islamic Culture & Civilization Islamic Culture & Civilization and Contemporary Issues

ISLAM & SCIENCE


1) Basic Concepts of Islam & Science 2) Contributions of Muslims in the Development of Science 3) Quranic & Science

ISLAMIC ECONOMIC SYSTEM


1) 2) 3) 4) Basic Concepts of Islamic Economic System Means of Distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics Islamic Concept of Riba Islamic Ways of Trade & Commerce

POLITICAL SYSTEM OF ISLAM


1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Political System 2) Islamic Concept of Sovereignty 3) Basic Institutions of Govt. in Islam

ISLAMIC HISTORY
1) PERIOD OF KHLAFT-E-RASHIDA 2) PERIOD OF UMMAYYADS 3) PERIOD OF ABBASIDS

SOCIAL SYSTEM OF ISLAM


1) BASIC CONCEPTS OF SOCIAL SYSTEM OF ISLAM 2) ELEMENTS OF FAMILY 3) ETHICAL VALUES OF ISLAM
24

REFERENCE BOOKS:
1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Hameed ullah Muhammad, Emergence of Islam , IRI, Islamabad Hameed ullah Muhammad, Muslim Conduct of State Hameed ullah Muhammad, Introduction to Islam Mulana Muhammad Yousaf Islahi, Hussain Hamid Hassan, An Introduction to the Study of Islamic Law leaf Publication Islamabad, Pakistan. Ahmad Hasan, Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence Islamic Research Institute, International Islamic University, Islamabad (1993) Mir Waliullah, Muslim Jrisprudence and the Quranic Law of Crimes Islamic Book Service (1982) H.S. Bhatia, Studies in Islamic Law, Religion and Society Deep & Deep Publications New Delhi (1989) Dr. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, Introduction to Al Sharia Al Islamia Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad (2001).

HS-117
Theory Cr Hrs, 2 Lab Cr Hrs, 0

ETHICS (FOR NON-MUSLIM STUDENTS)

Objectives
The objective of the course is to improve the ethical standards of students.

Course Contents
Nature, scope and methods of ethics; ethics and religion, ethical teaching of world religions; basic moral concepts: rights and wrongs, good and evil; an outline of ethical systems in philosophy, Heonism, Utilitarianism, Rationalism and Kant; selfrealization theories; intuitionism; promotion of moral values in society. Recommended Books. As approved by HEC/University/Institution.

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HS-127 Theory Cr Hrs, 2 Lab Cr Hrs, 0

PAKISTAN STUDIES

Introduction / Objectives
Objectives
To develop vision of Historical Perspective, Government, Politics, Contemporary Pakistan, ideological background of Pakistan. To study the process of governance, national development, issues arising in the modern age and posing challenges to Pakistan.

Course Contents 1. Historical Perspective


a. Ideological rationale with special reference to Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. b. Factors leading to Muslim separatism c. People and Land i. Indus Civilization ii. Muslim advent iii. Location and Geo-Physical features.

2. Government and Politics in Pakistan


Political and constitutional phases: a. 1947-58 b. 1958-71 c. 1971-77 d. 1977-88 e. 1988-99 f. 1999 onward

3. Contemporary Pakistan
a. Economic institutions and issues b. Society and social structure c. Ethnicity d. Foreign policy of Pakistan and challenges e. Futuristic outlook of Pakistan

26

Recommended Books:
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. Burki, Shahid Javed. State & Society in Pakistan, The Macmillan Press Ltd 1980. Akbar, S. Zaidi. Issue in Pakistans Economy. Karachi: Oxford University Press, 2000. S.M. Burke and Lawrence Ziring. Pakistans Foreign policy: An Historical analysis. Karachi: Oxford University Press, 1993. Mehmood, Safdar. Pakistan Political Roots & Development.Lahore, 1994. Wilcox, Wayne.The Emergence of Banglades., Washington: American Enterprise, Institute of Public Policy Research, 1972. Mehmood, Safdar. Pakistan Kayyun Toota, Lahore: Idara-e-Saqafat-eIslamia, Club Road, nd. Amin, Tahir. Ethno - National Movement in Pakistan, Islamabad: Institute of Policy Studies, Islamabad. Ziring, Lawrence. Enigma of Political Development. Kent England: WmDawson & sons Ltd, 1980. Zahid, Ansar. History & Culture of Sindh. Karachi: Royal Book Company, 1980. Afzal, M. Rafique. Political Parties in Pakistan, Vol. I, II & III. Islamabad: National Institute of Historical and cultural Research, 1998. Sayeed, Khalid Bin. The Political System of Pakistan. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1967. Aziz, K.K. Party, Politics in Pakistan, Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research, 1976. Muhammad Waseem, Pakistan Under Martial Law, Lahore: Vanguard, 1987. Haq, Noor ul. Making of Pakistan: The Military Perspective. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research, 1993.

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HS-126
Theory Cr Hrs, 3 Lab Cr Hrs, 0

ENGINEERING ETHICS (Social Sciences)

Objectives
To develop engineering ethics in the students.

Course Contents
Introduction to ethical concepts, Ethics and professionalism, Moral reasoning and codes of ethics, Moral frame works, Engineering as social experimentation, Commitment to safety, risk and liability in engineering, Workplace responsibilities and rights, Honesty, Integrity and Reliability, Engineers as employees, Environmental ethics, Global issues, Engineers and technological progress, Responsibility for research integrity, Fair credit in research and publication, Credit and intellectual property in engineering practice, Making a life in engineering and science, Case studies on professional behavior.

Recommended Books
1. Ethics in Engineering, Martin M. W., Martin M. and R. Schinzinger, McGrawHill, (Latest Edition) 2. Ethics in Engineering Practice and Research, Whitbeck C., Cambridge University Press, (Latest Edition) 3. Engineering Ethics: Concepts and Cases, Harris Jr. C. E., Pritchard M. S. and M. J. Rabins, Wadsworth Publishing, (Latest Edition)

HS-314

SOCIAL SCIENCES II

( A course such as, but not limited to, Sociology, Psychology, Society and Culture, Anthropology and Fine Arts may be selected considering the availability of the faculty)

Annexure A

2. Management Sciences
MS-224 Theory Cr Hrs, 3 Lab Cr Hrs, 0

ENGINEERING ECONOMICS

Objectives
The objective of the course is to create awareness amongst the students about the economic considerations involved in engineering.

Course Contents
Introduction: Basic concept and principles of Economics, Microeconomic theory, the problems of scarcity. Concept of Engineering Economy. 28

Economic Environment: Consumer and producer goods, goods and services, demand & supply concept. Equilibrium, elasticity of demand, elasticity of supply, measures of Economic worth. Price-supply-demand relationship. Theory of production, factors of production, laws of returns, break-even charts and relationships. Perfect competition, monopoly, monopolistic competition and oligopoly, Fundamentals of Marketing. Elementary Financial Analysis: Basic accounting equation. Development and interpretation of financial statement-Income statement, Balance sheet and cash flow. Working capital management. Break Even Analysis: Revenue/cost terminologies, behaviour of costs. Determination of costs/revenues. Numerical and graphical presentations. Practical applications. BEA as a management tool for achieving financial/operation efficiency. Selection Between Alternatives: Time value of money and financial internal rate of return. Present value, future value and annuities. Cost-benefit analysis, selection amongst materials, techniques, design etc29 Investment philosophy. Investment alternatives having identical lives. Alternatives having different lives. Make or buy decisions and replacement decisions. Value Analysis/Value Engineering: Value analysis procedures. Value engineering procedures. Value analysis versus value engineering. Advantages and applications in different areas. Value analysis in designing and purchasing. Linear Programming: Mathematical statement of linear programming problems, graphic solution simplex procedure. Duality problem. Depreciation and Taxes: Depreciation concept, economic life, methods of depreciations, profit and returns on capital, productivity of capital gain (loss) on the disposal of an asset, depreciation as a tax shield. Business Organization: Type of ownership, single ownership, partnerships, corporation, type of stocks and joint stock companies banking and specialized credit institutions. Capital Financing & Allocation: Capital budgeting, allocation of capital among independent projects, financing with debt capital, financing with equity capital trading on equity, financial leveraging.
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Recommended Books. 1. Engineering Economy, A. Tarquin, (Latest Edition) 2. Engineering Economy, Degarmo (Latest Edition) 3. Economics, Samaulson, (Latest Edition)

MS-322
Theory Cr Hrs, 3 Lab Cr Hrs, 0

ENGINEERING MANAGEMENT

Objectives.
The objective of the course is to create awareness amongst the students about different aspects of engineering management.

Course Contents
Introduction, from science to engineering, people at work, developing engineers, organising engineering, managing engineering projects, the market for engineering 29

products, development testing, principles of production, quality, reliability and safety, selling, using, and supporting engineering products, engineering in society, engineering standards, concepts of total quality management (TQM), organizational behaviour and industrial psychology. Recommended Books. The New Management of Engineering, Patrick D.T. OConnor, Lulu Press, (Latest Edition).

3.

Natural / General Sciences


APPLIED CALCULUS

GS-115
Theory Cr Hrs, 3 Lab Cr Hrs, 0

Objectives
The objective of the course is to enable the students to understand the principles of calculus and its application in solving engineering problems.

Course Contents
Mathematical and physical meaning of functions, graphs of various functions, Hyperbolic functions. Theorems of limits and their applications to functions: Some useful limits, right hand and left hand limits, continuous and discontinuous functions and their applications. Introduction to derivatives: Geometrical and physical meaning of derivatives, partial derivatives and their geometrical significance, application problems (rate of change, marginal analysis) Leibnitz theorem, Rolles theorem, Mean value theorem. Taylors and Maclaurins series, Indeterminate forms (0/0), (/). Asymptotes, tangents and normals, curvature and radius of curvature, maxima and minima of a function for single-variable (applied problems) differentials with applications. Eulers theorem, total differentials, maxima and minima of two variables. Methods of integration by substitutions and by parts, integration of rational and irrational algebraic functions, definite integrals, improper integrals, Gamma and Beta functions, reduction formulae. Cost function from marginal cost, rocket flights, area under curve. Introduction to vectors, scalar and vector product of three and four vectors, volume of parallelepiped and tetrahedron. Vector differentiation, vector integration and their applications, operator, gradient, divergence and curl with their applications. Recommended Books. As approved by HEC/University/Institution.

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GS-123
Theory Cr Hrs, 3 Lab Cr Hrs, 0

LINEAR ALGEBRA

Objectives
To make the students learn vector algebra, scalar or dot product with geometrical interpretation, vector space, subspaces, linear transformation, differentiation and integration of vectors, gradient, divergence and curl with their interpretation; line, surface and volume integrals.

Course Contents
Brief introduction to matrices. Symmetric and Hermitian matrices, Introduction to elementary row operations, Echelon form and reduced echelon form. Rank of a matrix. Inverse of a matrix by using elementary row operations. Vector spaces. Vector subspaces. Linear combination, Linear dependence and basis, linear transformation. System of non-homogeneous and homogeneous linear equations, Gaussian elimination method, Gauss Jardon method, Consistency criterion for solution of homogeneous and nonhomogeneous system of linear equations. Applications of system of linear equations. Introduction to determinants, Properties of determinants of order n, Axiomatic definition of a determinant. Applications of determinants (Cramers Rule). Introduction Coordinates of a point dividing a line segment in a given ratio. Vector form of a straight line, parametric equations of a straight line, equation of a straight line in symmetric form, direction ratios and direction cosines, angle between two straight lines, distance of a point from a line, Planes: Equation of a plane, angle between two planes, intersection of two planes, a plane and a straight line, skew lines, Cylindrical and spherical coordinate: Introduction to cylindrical and spherical. Quadratic surfaces, degenerate surfaces, symmetry, traces, intercepts of the surfaces, surface of revolution, Cylinder and cone: Cylinder, right cylinder, the cone, Sphere: General equation of sphere, great circle. Definition, double integral as volume, evaluation of double integral, change of order of integration, Application of double integrals, area, mass of an element, moment of inertia, and center of gravity. Triple integrals, evaluation of triple integrals, application of triple integrals, volume, mass of an element, center of gravity, moment of inertia by triple integrals, triple integration in cylindrical and spherical coordinates. Recommended Books. As approved by HEC/University/Institution.

GS-215
Theory Cr Hrs, 3 Lab Cr Hrs, 0

DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS

Objectives
The objective of this course is to acquaint the students with differential equations and their applications in engineering.

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Course Contents
Differential equations and their classification, formation of differential equations, solution of differential equations, initial and boundary conditions, Methods of solution of differential equation of first order and first-degree: Separable equations, homogeneous equations, equations reducible to homogeneous, exact differential equations, integrating factor, linear equations, Bernoulli equations, orthogonal trajectories in Cartesian and polar coordinates, applications of first order differential equations. Non linear first order differential equations. Non linear first order differential equations: Equations solvable for p, for y and for x, Clairauts equations. Homogeneous linear equations of order n with constant coefficients, auxiliary/ characteristics equations. Solution of higher order differential equation according to the roots of auxiliary equation. (Real and distinct, Real and repeated, and Complex). Non-homogeneous linear equations. Working rules for finding particular integral. Cauchy Euler equation. Applications of higher order linear differential equations. Recommended Books. 1. 2. 3. 4. Brief Calculus and its Applications, Doniel D. Benice. (Latest Edition) Applied Calculus, Raymond A. Barnett. (Latest Edition) Calculus and Analytical Geometry, Dr. S. M. Yusuf (Latest Edition) Mathematical Methods, Dr. S. M. Yusuf. (Latest Edition)

GS-225

COMPLEX VARIABLES AND TRANSFORMS

Theory Cr Hrs, 3 Lab Cr Hrs, 0

Objectives
The objective of this course is to acquaint the students with the complex analysis, Laplace transformation, Fourier series and transforms and use of these as a tool in engineering.

Course Contents.
Introduction to complex-number, complex variable, Argands diagram, modulus and argument of a complex number, polar form, Demoivres theorem. complex functions, analytical functions, harmonic and conjugate, harmonic functions, Cauchy-Riemann equations (in Cartesian and polar coordinates), line integrals, Greens theorem, Cauchys theorem, Cauchys integral formula, singularities, poles, residues and contour integration and applications. Laplace transform of elementary functions, properties of Laplace transform, periodic functions and their Laplace transforms, inverse Laplace transform and its properties, convolution theorem, Heavisides expansion formula, solution of ordinary differential equations by Laplace transform. Recommended Books 1. 2. Kreyszig E., Advanced Engineering Mathematics, 9th edition, John Wiley & Sons, 2005. Brown J. W. and Churchill R. V., Complex Variables and Applications, 7th edition, McGraw-Hill, 2003.
P P P P

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GS-122
Theory Cr Hrs, 3 Lab Cr Hrs, 1

APPLIED PHYSICS

Objectives.
To acquaint the students with the physics of electrical materials and electronic components and devices.

Course Contents.
Conductors, semi conductors and insulators, energy bands, insulators used in electrical systems, super conductors, soft magnetic materials, permanent magnet materials, semi conductor materials, PN-Junction, fabrications, epitaxially grown, diffused and ion implanted junction, depletion layer in Zener, varactor and tunnel diodes, LED, laser diode, fiber optics, materials for sensors, transducers and surface acoustic wave devices. Recommended Books. 1. Gray P. E. and Searl C. L., Electronic Principles: Physics Models and Circuits, John Wiley & Sons. (Latest edition) 2. Grob B., Basic Electronics, McGraw Hill, (Latest edition) 3. Bogart T. F., Electronic Devices and Circuits, Prentice Hall, (Latest edition)

GS-321
Theory Cr Hrs, 3 Lab Cr Hrs, 0

NUMERICAL ANALYSIS

Objectives
To enable the students appreciate the significance of numerical methods for solving engineering problems.

Course Contents
Floating point number system, error analysis, solutions of equations, interpolation, splines, numerical differentiation and integration, numerical methods in linear algebra, system of linear equations, method of least squares, eigen values, eigenvectors, solution of ordinary and partial differential equations. This subject is to be supplemented with extensive computer exercises. Recommended Books Advanced Engineering Mathematics, Erwin Kreyszig, John Wiley, (Latest Edition)

33

COURSES OF ENGINEERING DOMAIN

1.

Computing
COMPUTER FUNDAMENTALS

CS-12
Theory Cr Hrs, 2 Lab Cr Hrs, 1

Objectives
To acquaint the students with the structure, operation, programming, and applications of computers.

Course Contents
Theory: History, classification, basic components, CPU, memory, peripheral devices, storage media and devices, physical and logical storage, data organization, file storage, programs and software, system software, application software, operating systems, programming languages, compilation and interpretation, problem specification, algorithms, flow chart, pseudo code, basic programming techniques, data types and declaration, header file and linkage, variables and constants, arrays, input/output, termination, remark, control structures, branching, conditional structures, repetition and loops, basic library functions, social impact of computer age, computers in office, industry and education. Lab Work: Computation of number system, implementation of Boolean functions, basic machines organization including motherboard, memory, I/O cards, networking devices, use of flow charts, introduction to office tools, overview of different browsers including open-source browsers, introduction to various operating systems, coding, executing and debugging simple programs, implementation of simple control structures, implementation of simple functions, implementation of different function styles. Recommended Books 1. Brian Williams and Stacey Sawyer, Using Information Technology, McGraw-Hill, ISBN: 0072260718, (Latest Edition). 2. William Stallings, Computer Organization and Architecture: Designing for Performance, Prentice Hall, ISBN: 0131856448, (Latest Edition).
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CS-214
Theory Cr Hrs, 2 Lab Cr Hrs, 1

OBJECT ORIENTED PROGRAMMING

Objectives
To acquaint the students with the fundamentals of writing, testing, and debugging computer programs following a structured and modular approach.

Course Contents
Theory: Fundamental data structures, data types, abstract data types, user defined data types, algorithms and their complexity, time-space trade off, arrays, records and pointers, matrices, linked lists, circular lists, two way lists, sequential (array) and 34

linked implementation of stacks and queues, polish notation, recursion, towers of Hanoi, recursive implementation of stacks and queues, priority queues, tree, binary tree, binary search tree, traversals, threaded trees, heap, general trees, graphs, depth-first/breadth first traversal, adjacency matrix, shortest distance algorithms, sorting (insertion sort, selection sort, merge sort, radix sort), hashing, searching (linear search, binary search, depth first/breadth first search). Lab Work: Implementation using simple programs for basic arrays, single-dimensional arrays, two-dimensional arrays, algorithm implementations, implementation of simple data structures like array, implementation of stacks, queues and priority queues, linked list, doubly linked list, circular linked list, tree searching algorithms, hash algorithms implementation, simple sorting techniques including bubble sorting and selection sorting, advanced searching schemes including binary searching and quick searching. Recommended Books 1. Robert Lafore, Data Structures and Algorithms in Java, Prentice Hall, ISBN: 0672324539, (Latest Edition). 2. Robert Lafore, Object-Oriented Programming in C++, Prentice Hall, ISBN: 0672323087, (Latest Edition). 3. C for Yourself Learning C Using Experiments, R. P. Halpern, Oxford University Press, (Latest Edition). 4. C Programming Exercises, E&ME College, (Latest Edition).

CS-324

COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN AND SIMULATION

Theory Cr Hrs, 2 Lab Cr Hrs, 0

Objectives
Teach modeling and simulation techniques for designing engineering systems and analyzing their behavior.

Course Contents
Overview of dynamic systems: Introduction to modeling and simulation, models for dynamic systems and system similarity. Modeling of engineering systems: Mechanical systems, electrical systems, fluid systems, thermal systems, mixed discipline systems. System dynamic response analysis: Frequency response, time response and digital simulation. Engineering applications: System design and selection of components. Use of commonly used design and simulation software. Recommended Books 1. Finn Haugen, Dynamic Systems: Modeling, Analysis and Simulation, Tapir Academic Press, ISBN: 8251919266, (Latest Edition). 2. Robert H. Woods and Kent L. Lawrence, Modeling and Simulation of Dynamic Systems, Prentice Hall, ISBN: 0133373797, (Latest Edition). 3. Simulation, Modeling and Analysis, Law, A.M.; Kelton, W.D., McGraw Hill, (Latest Edition). 4. The Art and Science of Systems Simulation, Shannon, R.E: Prentice Hall, (Latest Edition). 5. System Simulation, Murray Smith, D.J., (Latest Edition). 35

2. Engineering Foundation
EE-111

LINEAR CIRCUIT ANALYSIS

Theory Cr Hrs, 3 Lab Cr Hrs, 1

Objectives
To acquaint the students with the knowledge and the tools to analyze linear circuits.

Course Contents
Energy and energy transfer, electric charge, electric current, potential difference & voltage, electric power & energy, electric circuits, sources, resistance, specific resistance temperature coefficient of resistance, Ohms law, fundamental circuit laws, Kirchhoffs laws, direct applications of fundamental laws to simple resistive networks, introduction to node voltage and loop current methods, capacitance, permittivity expression for capacitance, charging and discharging, series and parallel connection of capacitors. Basic Circuit Analysis: Loop and node analysis using matrix approach. Circuit Transients: Current and voltage transients RL and RC circuits with DC and AC excitation. Thevenins theorem, Nortons theorem, superposition theorem, reciprocity theorem, maximum power transfer theorem. A.C. fundamentals; RMS or effective, average and maximum values of current & voltage for sinusoidal signal wave forms, introduction to phasor representation of alternating voltage and current, single-phase circuit analysis, star-delta transformation for DC and AC circuits. Recommended Books 1. Electric Circuit Fundamentals by Franco, Oxford University Press, Latest Edition. 2. PSpice Manual for Electric Circuits Fundamentals by J.S. Kang, Oxford University Press, Latest Edition. 3. Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis by Irwin, John Wiley, Latest Edition. 4. Electrical Technology by Edward Hughes, Prentice Hall, Latest Edition. 5. William H. Hayt, Jack Kemmerly and Steven M. Durbin, Engineering Circuit Analysis, McGraw-Hill, ISBN: 0073263184, Latest Edition. 6. J. David Irwin and Robert M. Nelms, Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis, John Wiley & Sons, ISBN: 0470083093, Latest Edition. 7. Robert L. Boylestad, Introductory Circuit Analysis, Prentice Hall, ISBN: 0131730444, Latest Edition. 8. Edward Hughes, Electrical and Electronic Technology, Prentice Hall, ISBN: 0131143972, Latest Edition.
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36

EE-112
Theory Cr Hrs, 2 Lab Cr Hrs, 0

WORKSHOP PRACTICE

Objectives
To develop practical workshop skills in the students.

Course Contents
Introduction: Various technical facilities in the workshop including machine shop, fitting shop, smith shop, carpentry shop, welding shop and foundry shop. Concepts in electrical safety, safety regulations, earthing concepts, electric shocks and treatment. Electric Wiring: Use of tools used by electricians, wiring regulations, types of cables and electric accessories including switches, plug, circuit breakers, fuses etc., symbols for electrical wiring schematics e.g. switches, lamps, sockets etc., drawing and practice in simple house wring and testing methods, wiring schemed of twoway and three-way circuits and ringing circuits, voltage and current measurement, transformer windings (low voltage: 6,9 and 12 volts), motor and generator windings (concept only). Electronic Circuits: Physical realization of the range of discrete and integrated semiconductor devices. Soldering: solders, soldering and soldering tools; soldering methods and skills, PCB soldering, PCB making steps: transferring a circuit to PCB, etching drilling and soldering component on PCB testing. Recommended Books 1. Elements of Workshop Technology Vol. 1, Choudhury, MPP, Latest Edition. 2. Workshop Technology Part-I,II,III, Chapman, CBS, Latest Edition.

EE-223

ELECTRICAL NETWORK ANALYSIS

Theory Cr Hrs, 3 Lab Cr Hrs, 1

Objectives
To equip the students with the knowledge and techniques of analyzing electrical networks.

Course Contents
Circuit Transients: Current and voltage transients RLC circuits with DC and AC excitation, resonant circuit: series and parallel resonance in AC circuit, Q-Factor, bandwidth, selectivity. Poly Phase Circuits: Poly phase generators, star and delta connections, phase sequence, voltage and current relations, vector diagrams for balance and unbalanced three phase networks, three phase unbalanced star and delta connected loads, power in three phase circuits and different methods of its measurements. Two port network, characterization of linear time-invariant, two ports by six sets of parameters, relationship among parameter sets, interconnection of two port network. Initial condition determination, Laplace transform and differential equations, Laplace transform of signals involving generalized functions, convolution, 37

introduction to poles & zeros and stability criteria, impedance functions and network theorems, frequency response, magnitude and phase plots, Fourier series and transform. Recommended Books 1. Electric Circuits Fundamentals, S. Franco, Oxford University Press, (Latest edition). 2. PSpice Manual for Electric Circuits Fundamentals, J. S. Kang, Oxford University Press, (Latest edition). 3. Nillson Basic Circuit Analysis, (Latest edition).

EE-213

ELECTRONIC DEVICES AND CIRCUITS

Theory Cr Hrs, 3 Lab Cr Hrs, 1

Objectives
The objective of this course is to teach the principle of operation and characteristics of various electronic devices and their applications in circuits.

Course Contents
P.N. Junction, Diode circuits: choppers, clampers and rectifiers. Zener diode, LED, Laser diode, photo diode, tunnel diode, BJTs FETs and MOSFETS, biasing and Amplifier circuits. Operational amplifier fundamentals, The internal structure of general purpose IC, OP Amps and its circuit analysis, large signal operation of OPAmps, Practical OP-Amp limitations, Multistage amplifier. Feedback in Amplifiers, Regulated Power Supplies, Thyristors. Recommended Books 1. Principles of Electronic Devices and Circuits by Malvino, Latest Edition. 2. Electronic Devices and Circuits, Prentice Hall, by Guillermo (Rico, Jeffrey S. Beasley, Theodore F. Bogart), Latest Edition. 3. Electronic Devices and Circuits: Conventional Flow Version, Pearson / Prentice Hall, by Michael Hassul and Donald E Zimmerman, Latest Edition.

EE-222

DIGITAL LOGIC DESIGN

Theory Cr Hrs, 3 Lab Cr Hrs, 1

Objectives
Introduce the concepts and tools for the design of digital electronic circuits.

Course Contents
Theory: Basic concepts and tools to design digital hardware consisting of both combinational and sequential logic circuits, number systems, Boolean algebra, logic gates, combinational logic design, sequential circuits and logic design, memory and simple programmable logic devices (SPLDs), introduction to field programmable logic devices (FPLDs)/field programmable gate arrays (FPGAs), introduction to Verilog HDL (VHDL), gate-level and dataflow modeling, use of simulation software such as Veriwell Verilog Simulator. 38

Lab Work: Basic logic gates; Verilog simulation and hardware implementation of combinational circuits such as MUX/DEMUX, encoder/decoder, arithmetic logic unit (ALU); Verilog simulation and hardware implementation of sequential circuits such as flip-flops, registers, shift registers, counters; implementation of logic circuits using SPLDs; project solving a real-life problem. Recommended Books 1. Morris Mano and Charles R. Kime, Logic and Computer Design Fundamentals, Prentice Hall, ISBN: 013140539X, Latest Edition. 2. M. Morris Mano, Digital Design & XILINX 6.3 XSE PKG, Prentice Hall, ISBN: 0131678485, Latest Edition. 3. Roger L Tokheim, Digital Electronics: Principles and Applications, Student Text with MultiSIM CD-ROM, McGraw-Hill, ISBN: 0078309816, Latest Edition. 4. Samir Palnitkar, Verilog HDL, Prentice Hall, ISBN: 0130449113. , Latest Edition.
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EE-211

INSTRUMENTATION AND MEASUREMENTS

Theory Cr Hrs, 3 Lab Cr Hrs, 1

Objectives
To acquaint the students with the concepts, methods and instruments for measuring electrical and non-electrical quantities.

Course Contents
Theory: Precision measurements terminologies including resolution, sensitivity, accuracy, and uncertainty; engineering units and standards; principles of different measurement techniques; instruments for measurement of electrical properties, pressure, temperature, position, velocity, flow rates (mass and volume) and concentration; systems for signal processing and signal transmission; modern instrumentation techniques; static and dynamic responses of instrumentation and signal conditioning; basic data manipulation skills using personal computers and graphs; data acquisition systems; principles of operation, construction and working of different analog and digital meters, oscilloscope, recording instruments, signal generators, transducers, and other electrical and non-electrical instruments; types of bridges for measurement of resistance, inductance, and capacitance; power and energy meters; high-voltage measurements. Lab Work: Design, construction, and analysis of measurement circuits, data acquisition circuits, instrumentation devices, and automatic testing; measurement of electrical parameters using different lab instruments; calibration of measurement instruments; use of data acquisition systems for presentation and interpretation of data; use of microcomputers to acquire and process data; use of simulation and instrumentation languages (LabView).

39

Recommended Books. 1. Klaas B. Klaassen and Steve Gee, Electronic Measurement and Instrumentation, Cambridge University Press, ISBN: 0521477298, Latest

Edition.
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2. Kevin James, PC Interfacing and Data Acquisition: Techniques for


Measurement, Instrumentation and Control, Newness, ISBN: 0750646241,

Latest Edition. 3. Electronic Instrumentation and Measurement Techniques, W.D. Cooper & A.D. Helfrical.
4. Fundamentals of Electrical Measurements, B.S. Gragory. Electronic Measurement and Instrumentation, Oliver, Latest edition. 5. Sensors and Transducers, Usher M J, 1996, MacMillan, Latest Edition. 6. Transducers in Digital Systems, Woolvet G, Peter Peregrinus, Latest Edition.

EE-221

ELECTRO-MECHANICAL SYSTEMS

Theory Cr Hrs, 3 Lab Cr Hrs, 1

Objectives
To understand the magnetic field and the reluctance of magnetic materials and air. Voltage-current characteristics and voltage regulation of generator. Torque speed characteristics and speed regulation of DC motors. Various techniques for starting, speed control, reversing and braking. Remedial measures of main problems occurring in DC machines. Generalized concepts of electromechanical energy conversion. To introduce the fundamentals of ac machine. Detailed operating principles of ac machines including induction motor, synchronous motors, alternators and Transformers have been included to develop thorough understanding of construction, characteristics, operation and proper application of ac machines being used in industries.

Course Contents
Forces and torques in magnetic field systems, energy balance, singly excited system, co-energy, multiple excited system, and dynamic equations. Transformer fundamentals, importance of transformers, types and construction, ideal transformer, theory and operation of real single-phase transformers Phasor diagrams, leakage reactance, losses, equivalent circuit parameters, no load and short circuit test per unit systems, voltage regulation and efficiency, autotransformers. Tapping, parallel operation and load division, inrush current, exciting current, three phase transformer, per unit system, three phase connections and harmonic suppression, vector groups, three phase transformation using two transformers. D.C. machines fundamentals, simple linear machine. A loop rotating between pole faces, commutation. armature construction, armature reaction, induced voltage and torque equation, construction, power flow and losses, D.C. motors, equivalent circuit, separately excited, shunt, permanent magnet series and compounded motors, three phase induction motor, production of rotating field and torque, reversal of rotation, construction. synchronous speed, slip and its effect on rotor frequency and voltage, equivalent circuit, power and torque, losses, efficiency and power factor, torque-speed characteristics, starting and speed control, induction generator. 40

Single-phase motors, types and performance analysis, heating and cooling of motors. Synchronous motors, principle of operation starting, shaft load, power angle and developed torque, counter voltage (CEMF) and armature reaction voltage, equivalent circuit and phasor diagram, power equation, effects of changes in shaft load and field excitation, v-curves, losses and efficiency, power factor improvement, speed control, ratings. Recommended Books 1. Electric Machinery Fundamentals, Stephen J. Chapman, McGraw-Hill. (Latest Edition) 2. Electric Machinery, Fitzgerald, Kingsley and Umans, McGraw Hill. (Latest Edition) 3. Electrical Machines. Hindmarsh, McGraw Hill. (Latest Edition)

ME-121

ENGINEERING DRAWING

Theory Cr Hrs, 0 Lab Cr Hrs, 1

Objectives
To equip the students with the basic knowledge and skills of engineering drawing and its application in practical scenarios. The students will also be introduced to some
popular commercial CAD packages.

Course Contents
Types of lines and usage, dimensioning, lettering, orthographic 1st angle projection, sheet planning, orthographic 3rd angle projection, introduction of computer aided drawing, isometric projection, sectional drawing and assembly drawing. The course consists of scale drawing only. Drawing sheets will be prepared on drawing board and using computer software. Electrical circuit drawing, Electrical and Electronics CADs, Industrial wiring/drawing. Introduction to computer-aided design tools such as AutoCAD, OrCAD and PCAD; computer-aided drafting principles and practices; engineering drawing fundamentals using AutoCAD; drawing of electrical machinery and layouts of electronic assemblies; design and layout of circuit boards using software (PCAD or OrCAD). Recommended Books 1. Shawna Lockhart, Tutorial Guide to AutoCAD, Prentice Hall, ISBN: 9780131713833, Latest Edition. 2. Muhammad H. Rashid, Introduction to PSpice Using OrCAD for Circuits and Electronics, Prentice Hall, ISBN: 0131019880, Latest Edition.

3. First Year Engineering Drawing, A.C Parkinson, Latest Edition. 4. Illustrated AutoCAD, Release 10, T. W. Berghauser and P. L. Sclive, BPB, Latest Edition. 5. George Amura, Mastering Autocad 2000 Publishers, Latest Edition.
41

GS-313

PROBABILITY AND STATISTICS FOR ENGINEERS

Theory Cr Hrs, 3 Lab Cr Hrs, 0

Objectives
Introduce the basic concepts and engineering applications of probability and statistics

Course Contents
Set theory, basic concepts of probability, conditional probability, independent events, Baye's formula, discrete and continuous random variables, distributions and density functions, probability distributions (binomial, Poisson, hyper geometric, normal, uniform and exponential), mean, variance, standard deviations, moments and moment generating functions, linear regression and curve fitting, limits theorems, stochastic processes, first and second order characteristics, applications.

Recommended Books
1. Susan Milton and Jesse C Arnold, Introduction to Probability and Statistics: Principles and Applications for Engineering and the Computing Sciences, McGraw-Hill, ISBN: 007246836, Latest Edition. 2. William Mendenhall and Terry Sincich, Statistics for Engineers and the Sciences, Prentice Hall, ISBN10: 0131877062, Latest Edition.

3. DeCoursey W., Statistics and Probability for Engineering Applications, Newness, Latest Edition. 4. Soong T. T., Fundamentals of Probability and Statistics for Engineers, John Wiley and Sons, Latest Edition.

42

3.

Major Engineering Core Courses (Breadth),


ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD THEORY

EE-311

Theory Cr Hrs, 3 Lab Cr Hrs, 0

Objectives
Introduce the concepts and mathematical methods to understand and analyze electromagnetic fields and waves.

Course Contents
Vector analysis, Coulombs law and electric field intensity, Gausss law, flux density and divergence, energy and potential, conductor dielectric and capacitance, Poissons and Laplaces equations, steady-state magnetic field, magnetic forces, materials and inductance, time-varying fields and Maxwells equations, uniform plane waves.

Recommended Books
1. William Hayt and John A. Buck, Engineering Electromagnetics, McGraw-Hill, ISBN: 0073104639, Latest Edition. 2. Sadiku, Matthew N, Elements of Electromagnetics, Oxford University Press, ISBN: 0195103688, Latest Edition.

3. Electromagnetic Wave Theory, Kong J. A., Cambridge, Latest Edition.

EE-411

MICROPROCESSOR BASED SYSTEMS

Theory Cr Hrs, 3 Lab Cr Hrs, 1

Objectives
To acquaint the students with the architecture, programming, interfacing, and applications of microprocessors.

Course Contents
Introduction to microprocessor, basic concepts, control unit, internal registers, ALU, the microprocessor state, an 8-bit microprocessor (8085A or Z-80 or 6800), timing and sequencing, power-on and manual RESET, interfacing, memory and I/O synchronization: The wait state, hardware single stepping, memory speed requirements, logic levels, loading and buffering. The instruction set: Data transfer logic operations and branching, programmed I/O interrupts, digital data and display, analogue data input & output, microprocessor system design, assembly language Programming and testing, software development.

43

Microcontroller, single-chip microprocessor, an introduction to microcontrollers, the 8051 internal RAM and registers, the 8051 interrupts systems, the 8051 instruction set, other microcontrollers on the 8051 family, developing microprocessor-based products, Introduction to the design process, preparing the specification, developing a design, implementing and testing the design, regulatory compliance testing, design tool for microprocessor development. Recommended Books 1. Barry B. Brey, The Intel Microprocessors: 8086/8088, 80186/80188, 80286,
T T

80386, 80486, Pentium, Pentium Pro Processor, Pentium II, Pentium III, Pentium 4, Prentice Hall, ISBN: 0131195069, Latest edition. 2. Douglas V. Hall, Microprocessor and Interfacing, Tata McGraw-Hill, ISBN: 0070601674, Latest edition. 3. Han-Way Huang, PIC Microcontroller: An Introduction to Software & Hardware Interfacing, Thomson Delmar Learning, ISBN: 1401839673, Latest edition. 4. Muhammad Ali Mazidi, Janice Mazidi and Rolin McKinlay, 8051 Microcontroller and Embedded Systems, Prentice Hall, ISBN: 013119402X, Latest edition.
T T T T T

5. Microprocessors: Principles and Application, Charles Gilmore, McGraw Hill, Latest edition.

EE-315

INTRODUCTION TO POWER ENGINEERING

Theory Cr Hrs, 3 Lab Cr Hrs, 0

Objectives
This course is intended to give the students an understanding of electric power systems fundamentals and operation. Basic electrical terminology and concepts are explained in simple to understand terms with regard to design, construction, operations and maintenance of power plants substations and transmission and distribution lines. Basic electrical safety concepts are also included

Course Contents
Fundamentals of Electric Power: Discussion of how natural resources such as coal, gas, water, solar, wind, etc., are converted into useable electrical energy. Generation and Transmission : The operation of generation plants, substations and transmission lines are explained plus how these systems work together to efficiently transport electrical power long distances. Distribution and Utilization : Power delivery to residential, commercial and industrial customers is explained including emergency backup generators. Power System Protection : Design concepts of power system protective relaying and coordination are explained for local and interconnected systems. 44

Power System Operation : How electric power systems are monitored, controlled and operated under normal and abnormal conditions, including telecommunications. Interconnection and Regulation : The benefits of interconnected power systems and regulatory requirements of electric power systems are discussed. Recommended Books, Electric Power System Basics by Steve Blume, Latest Edition. Guide to Electric Power Generation, 2nd Edition, 2002, by Anthony J. Pansini and Kenneth D. Smalling, ISBN: 0881733970, The Fairmont Press Inc.
P P

EE-412
Theory Cr Hrs, 3 Lab Cr Hrs, 1

LINEAR CONTROL SYSTEMS

Objectives
This course is aimed to build a comprehensive foundation in the analysis and design of control systems using classical and modern techniques. The course covers Signal flow graph, State variable approach, Root-locus analysis and design, Frequency response analysis and design, Discrete-time systems of digital control systems.

Course Contents.
Modeling of electrical, mechanical and biological control systems. Open and closed-loop control, Block diagrams. Second order systems. Step and impulse response. Performance criteria. Steady state error. Sensitivity, s-plane system stability. Analysis and design with the root loci method. Frequency domain analysis, Bode plots, Nyquist criterion, gain and phase margins, Nichols charts. The Statespace method, state equations, flow graphs, stability, compensation techniques. Simulation and Controller design using Matlab. Recommended Books Linear Control Systems. McGraw-Hill, Katsushiko, Ogata, Latest Edition.

EE-312
Theory Cr Hrs, 3 Lab Cr Hrs, 1

SIGNALS AND SYSTEMS

Objectives
This is a basic course that is intended to provide the fundamentals of signals, systems and transforms to the electrical engineering students. The course is aimed to build a comprehensive foundation for later higher level courses in communication systems, control systems and digital signal processing. Both discrete-time and continuous-time signals, systems and transforms are covered in this course.

45

Course Contents
Continuous time and discrete time signals, periodic signals, even and odd signals, exponential and sinusoidal signals, the unit impulse and unit step functions, continues time and discrete time systems, linear time invariant (LTI) systems, difference equation, causality, BIBO stability, convolution and correlation, discrete time Fourier transforms, DFT and FFT algorithms, time and frequency characterization of signals and systems, the sampling theorem, aliasing, sampling the discrete time signals, z-transform, analysis and characterization of LTI systems using z-transform, case studies: communication systems and linear feedback systems. Recommended Books 1. Signals and Systems, Oppenheim A. V., Willsky A. S. and Nawab S. H., Prentice Hall, (Latest Edition). 2. Signals, Systems and Transforms, Phillips C. L. and Parr J. M., Prentice Hall, (Latest Edition) 3. Fundamentals of Signals and Systems Using the Web and MATLAB, Kamen Ed. and Heck B., Prentice Hall, (Latest Edition)
H H H H

4.

Inter-Disciplinary Engineering Courses (Breadth),


BASIC MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

ME-113

Theory Cr Hrs, 3 Lab Cr Hrs, 0

Objectives
The course is intended to give a thorough understanding of the basic mechanical engineering concepts.

Course Contents
Fundamental concepts and principles of mechanics, fundamental units, moments and couples, laws of equilibrium, free body diagrams; structures, frames and machines. Fundamentals of dynamics: Applications of Newton's second law of motion, analysis of motion in two dimensional and three dimensional spaces, methods of energy and momentum, applications of dynamics to the engineering concepts, pulleys, chains, design of flywheel, bearings, mechanical power transmission, heat transfer. Recommended Books Engineering Mechanics Dynamics, Vol. 2 J. L. Merriam & L. G. Kraige, John & Wiley Sons, Latest Edition.

46

ME-323

APPLIED THERMODYNAMICS

Theory Cr Hrs, 3 Lab Cr Hrs, 0

Objectives
To give basic understanding of the subject to the undergraduate students of Electrical Discipline, and to satisfy requirements for an Engineering Degree.

Course Contents
Basic concepts and definitions, Processes & Cycles, concept of Thermodynamic Property and definition of State; First Law of Thermodynamics, Work & Heat as energies in transition, Interchange-ability of Energy States, Working Fluids and Steady / Unsteady Flow Energy Equations, Perfect and Real Gases; Second Law of Thermodynamics, Reversible and Irreversible Processes, Entropy & Carnot Efficiency, concept of Available Energy. Recommended Books Applied Thermodynamics for Engineers & Technologists, T. D. Eastop & McConkey, Longman, Latest Edition.

47

Major Engineering Core Courses (Depth),


Considering the specialization being offered, five courses should be selected from the set of Elective Courses given in this curriculum.

ELECTIVE COURSES FOR SPECIALIZATION

1. Power Engineering
EE-XXX

POWER SYSTEM ANALYSIS

Theory Cr Hrs, 3 Lab Cr Hrs, 1

Objectives
This course has been designed to introduce the importance of analyzing various aspects of power system. It covers power flow studies and fault analysis of both symmetrical and unsymmetrical faults in power networks. This forms the basis for power system operation, control and protection.

Course Contents
Branch and Node admittances; Mutually coupled Branches in Y-bus; Equivalent Admittance Network; Modification of Y-bus; Impedance matrix and Y-bus; the method of successive elimination; Node Elimination (Kron Reduction); Triangular Factorization; The Impedance Model and Network Calculations: The bus, admittance and impedance Matrices; Thevenins Theorem and Z-bus; Modification of an existing Z-bus; Direct determination of Z-bus; Calculation of Z-bus elements from Y bus ; Power Invariant Transformations; Mutually coupled branches in Z bus. Symmetrical Faults, Transients in RL circuits; internal voltages of loaded machines. Under fault conditions; fault calculations using Z bus; Equivalent circuits; Selection of circuit breakers. Synthesis of unsymmetrical phasors; symmetrical components of unsymmetrical phasors; symmetrical Y and circuits; power in terms of symmetrical components; sequence networks of Y and impedances; sequence networks of a symmetrical Transmission line; sequence Networks of the synchronous Machines; Sequence Networks of Y- Transformers; unsymmetrical services impedances; sequence networks of Y- Transformers; unsymmetrical services impedances; sequence networks; positive, negative and zero sequence networks; Unsymmetrical faults on power systems; single line to ground faults; line to line faults. Double line to ground faults; Demonstration problems; open conductor faults. Load Flow Studies, Steady state and Transient Stability, the swing equation , Application of swing curve & solution of problems using digital computers, stability of loads, effects of mechanical and electrical time lag and delays, Electromechanical behavior of machine/lines/busbar systems equal criterion in machine dynamics. Recommended Books 1. Elements of Power System Analysis, William B. S., McGraw Hill, (Latest Edition). 2. Electrical Power Systems, Weedy, B. M., Pergamen, (Latest Edition). 48

EE-XXX

POWER ECONOMICS AND MANAGEMENT

Theory Cr Hrs, 2 Lab Cr Hrs, 0

Objectives
This course discusses basics of economics, load management, tariffs and reliability of power systems.

Course Contents
Introduction: Basic concept and principles of economics, microeconomic theory, the problems of scarcity. Concept of engineering economy. Economic Environment: Consumer and producer goods, goods and services, demand & supply concept. Equilibrium, elasticity of demand, elasticity of supply, measures of economic worth. Price-supply-demand relationship. Theory of production, factors of production, laws of returns, break-even charts and relationships. Perfect competition, monopoly, monopolistic competition and oligopoly. Fundamentals of marketing. Elementary Financial Analysis: Basic accounting equation. Development and interpretation of financial statement-income statement, balance sheet and cash flow. Working capital management. Break Even Analysis: Revenue/cost terminologies, behaviour of costs, determination of costs/revenues, numerical and graphical presentations. Practical applications. BEA as a management tool for achieving financial/operation efficiency. Selection between Alternatives: Time value of money and financial internal rate of return, present value, future value and annuities. Cost-benefit analysis: selection amongst materials, techniques, design etc. Investment philosophy, investment alternatives having identical lives, alternatives having different lives, make or buy decisions and replacement decisions. Value Analysis/Value Engineering: Value analysis procedures, value engineering procedures, value analysis versus value engineering, advantages and applications in different areas, value analysis in designing and purchasing. Linear Programming: Mathematical statement of linear programming problems, graphic solution simplex procedure, duality problem. Depreciation and Taxes: Depreciation concept, economic life, methods of depreciations, profit and returns on capital, productivity of capital gain (loss) on the disposal of an asset, depreciation as a tax shield. Business Organization: Type of ownership, single ownership, partnerships, corporation, type of stocks and joint stock companies banking and specialized credit institutions. Capital Financing & Allocation: Capital budgeting, allocation of capital among independent projects, financing with debt capital, financing with equity capital trading on equity, financial leveraging. Recommended Books 1. Engineering Economy by A. Tarquin, Latest Edition. 2. Engineering Economy by Degarmo, Latest Edition. 3. Economics by Samaulson, Latest Edition.

49

EE-XXX

RENEWABLE ENERGY SYSTEMS


As approved by the University/Institution. As approved by the University/Institution.

Theory Cr Hrs Lab Cr Hrs

Objectives
As approved by the University/Institution.

Course Contents
As approved by the University/Institution. Recommended Books As approved by the University/Institution.

EE-XXX
Theory Cr Hrs, 3 Lab Cr Hrs, 1

POWER GENERATION

Objectives
The students learn different power plant and modes of energy conversion to generate electrical energy in this course and the concepts of fuel cells are introduced.

Course Contents
Thermal Power Plants: Sources of conventional energy and method of harnessing, special features and cycles used in steam, gas and diesel power plants, combine cycle systems and cogeneration. Location of the above plants and selection of units, prime movers and associated equipment. Hydroelectric Power Plants: The plants and their equipment, layouts, run of the river and accumulation type station, types of hydroelectric turbines and their stations. Nuclear Power Plants: Nuclear reaction, fission and fusion reaction, critical mass chain reaction, moderators, reactor control and cooling, classification of reactors, different types of reactors, radiation damages, shielding of grays neutrons, materials for construction. Thermoelectric Generators: Thermoelectric effect, solid state description of thermoelectric effect, analysis and design of thermoelectric generators, figure of merit, device configuration, solar and radioisotope powered generators, applications. MHD Generators: Gaseous conductors, analysis and design of MHD generator, problems associated with MHD generation, possible configuration. Photovoltaic Generators: Radiation principles, optical effects in semiconductors and PN junction, analysis and design of converter, fabrication of cells, solar cells in space. Fuel Cells: Thermodynamic principles, efficiency of fuel cell factors limiting the performance, design, new development in fuel cells, possibility of future use in electric vehicles. Wind power generation. Recommended Books 1. Principles of Energy Conversion by Arche W. Culp, Latest Edition. 2. Power Plant Technology by M.M. Wakel, McGraw Hill, Latest Edition. 50

EE-XXX

POWER DISTRIBUTION AND UTILIZATION

Theory Cr Hrs, 3 Lab Cr Hrs, 1

Objectives
Students are introduced to the basics of power distribution systems and effective utilization of power in heating and illumination applications.

Course Contents
Introduction to distribution system. Urban, suburban and rural distribution systems. Primary, secondary and tertiary voltages. Radial and ring main systems, application of distribution transformers, estimation of load, load characteristics, substation switchgears and bus bar arrangements, calculation of voltage drop and regulation in distribution feeders. Grounding and earthing, distribution transformer neutral, earthing resistance, earthing practice in L.V. networks. Power Factor: Disadvantages and causes of low power factor, methods for improvement, application of shunt capacitors in distribution network. Batteries & Electrochemical Processes: Main types of batteries and their working, battery charging, electroplating, electrolysis and electrometallurgical process. Cathodic protection of poles, gas pipes, oil pipes and water structures. Heating and Welding: Electric heating, resistance, induction and dielectric heating, electric furnaces, microwave heating, electric welding, resistance welding and its types. Fundamentals of Illumination Engineering: Laws, units and terms used, requirements for good lighting, illumination schemes for various situations (street lighting, commercial/industrial lighting, stadium/flood/stage/spot lighting etc.), types of lamps, their working and relative merit. Recommended Books 1. A Text Book of Electrical Power by M.L. Anand, Latest Edition. 2. Electrical Power Distribution System by Turan Gonen, Latest Edition.

EE-XXX

ELECTRICAL MACHINE DESIGN AND EQUIPMENT TRAINING

Theory Cr Hrs, 2 Lab Cr Hrs, 1

Objectives
Discussion of design and loading of Power Transformers and Induction motors is introduced and electrical equipment installation; commissioning, testing and troubleshooting practices are discussed.

Course Contents
Part-A Machine Design: Industrial standardization, national and international standards, codes and testing laboratories, manufacturing and operating systems, design considerations for electrical machines, properties and applications of materials for magnetic machine 51

insulation system and its design considerations, thermal time constant, cooling systems of transformers and rotating machines, duty cycles, ratings and temperature-rise, mechanical design considerations, specific loading and output equations of power transformer and induction motor, design of transformer or induction motor, introduction to computer aided design (CAD) and computer aided manufacturing (CAM). Part-B Installation, Maintenance and Troubleshooting of Machines: Safety precautions, troubleshooting and emergency repairs. Installation, commissioning, testing, maintenance, and troubleshooting of (i) power transformers and (ii) induction motors. (iii) AC generators. Part-C Equipments Training (Practical): Measurement of magnetic flux, inductance and reluctance of a part of electrical machines, study of transformer and rotating-machine parts. Understanding operating principles, ratings and application of the following equipment: power supplies, magnetic contactors, thermal overloads, miniature circuit breakers, metallic-clad circuit breakers, earth leakage circuit breaker, clip-on meters, cable fault locators, Megger earth tester, relay testers, motor controllers, tachometers, phase tester (L.V. and H.V.). The students will have to submit a hand written report consisting of class work, design and laboratory work for evaluation and viva-voce examination. Theory paper will be from Part-A only. Recommended Books 1. Commissioning, Operation and Maintenance of Electrical Equipment by S. Rao, Khanna Publisher, India, Latest Edition. 2. Alternating Current Machines by M.G. Say, Latest Edition.

EE-XXX

POWER SYSTEM PROTECTION

Theory Cr Hrs, 3 Lab Cr Hrs, 1

Objectives
The course presents different types of relays, relaying schemes, circuit breakers and fuses. Topics like discrimination and coordination are also introduced.

Course Contents
Introduction to protection system, types of faults, effect of faults, fuse as protective device, types of fuses, characteristics of fuses, selection and application of fuses, discrimination and coordination, current transformer and its operation, relay construction, basic relay terminology, electromagnetic relays, thermal relays, static relays and introduction to microprocessor based protective relays, over current protection, distance protection, impedance relay, R-X diagram of impedance relay, operation of impedance relay in different zones, reactance relay, differential protection of transformers, generator protection, bus bar protection, arc voltage, arc interruption, re-striking voltage and recovery voltage, resistance switching, current chopping circuit breaker, classification of circuit breakers, oil circuit breakers, airblast circuit breakers, air break circuit breakers, SF6 circuit breakers, vacuum circuit breakers, operational mechanism and rating of circuit breakers.
B B

Recommended Books 1. Switchgear and Protection by S. Rao, Khanna Publisher, Latest Edition. 2. Fundamentals of Power System Protection by Paithanker & Bhide, Prentice Hall, Latest Edition. 52

EE-XXX

POWER SYSTEM OPERATION AND CONTROL

Theory Cr Hrs, 3 Lab Cr Hrs, 1

Objectives
Different aspects of power system operation, monitoring and control are covered with an emphasis on SCADA systems.

Course Contents
Introduction to power system control and its importance, modes of power system operation, major tasks of operation. SCADA system, control centers, controller tuning, communication sub system, remote terminal unit, data logging. Economic dispatch, characteristics of power generation units, economic dispatch problems with and without consideration of losses, incremental fuel cost, penalty factor, economic power interchange. Voltage, power and frequency control. Evaluation of the effect of speed change on droop characteristics. Recommended Books 1. Power Generation, Operation and Control by Woolen Barg, Latest Edition. 2. Power System Control Technology by Trosten Cegral, Latest Edition. 3. Power System Stability and Control, P. Kundur, Latest Edition.

EE-XXX

ELECTRICAL POWER TRANSMISSION

Theory Cr Hrs, 3 Lab Cr Hrs, 1

Objectives
The course presents basics of electrical power transmission along with electrical and mechanical design impacts on power transmission in detail and HVDC transmission is introduced.

Course Contents
Percent and per-unit quantities, selection of base and change in base of per unit quantities, node equations, one-line diagram, choice of voltage and choice of AC/DC systems, economic comparison of various transmission systems, standard voltages in Pakistan and abroad for transmission and sub-transmission. Introduction to HV, EHV and UHV system. Conductor types; resistance, skin effect, line inductance based and flux considerations. Inductance of single phase and three phase lines, inductance of composite conductor line, inductance of bundled conductors, capacitance of single phase and three-phase lines, effect of earth on capacitance, capacitance of bundled conductors, parallel circuit lines, Ferranti effect. Short, medium and long transmission lines, solution of equations. Traveling waves, surge impedance loading, equivalent circuit, power flow through the line, voltage regulation and line surges. Line supports, sag and tension calculation, total length of conductor supports at different levels, mechanical degree of safety, effect of wind pressure and ice loading, conductor vibration and use of dampers. 53

Insulator material, types of insulators, voltage distribution over insulator string, string efficiency, methods of improving the string efficiency, testing of insulators, corona effect, corona loss, radio interference due to corona. Underground cables: types, calculation of inductance and capacitance, insulation resistance, insulation breakdown of cables, thermal characteristics of cables, calculation of current rating of the cables, fault locating techniques, cable jointing techniques. Introduction and classification of HVDC transmission. Recommended Books 1. Elements of Power System by Stevenson, Latest Edition. 2. Power System Analysis by Grainger and Stevenson, Latest Edition.

EE-XXX

FUNDAMENTALS OF HIGH VOLTAGE ENGINEERING


As approved by the University/Institution. As approved by the University/Institution.

Theory Cr Hrs Lab Cr Hrs

Objectives
The students should be introduced to high voltage generation, measurement, transients and insulation breakdown.

Course Contents
As approved by the University/Institution. Recommended Books As approved by the University/Institution.

EE-XXX

POWER ELECTRONICS

Theory Cr Hrs, 3 Lab Cr Hrs, 1

Objectives
The course discusses Power Devices, Power Rectifiers, Power Inverters and Choppers in detail.

Course Contents
Principles of power electronics, converters and applications, circuit components and their effects, control aspects. Power Electronic Devices: Power diode, power BJT, power MOSFET, IGBT and SCR, GTO and TRIAC and DIAC. Construction, characteristics, operations, losses, ratings, control and protection of thyristors. Halfwave and full-wave rectifiers with resistive and inductive loads, un-controlled, semi controlled and fully controlled rectifiers, three-phase rectifiers: un-controlled, semi controlled and full controlled, six-pulse, twelve-pulse and 24-pulse rectification, PWM converters, DC to AC converters, three-phase inverter, six-pulse, twelvepulse inverters, PWM inverters, switching mode power supplies, DC to DC 54

conversation, buck converter, boost converter and buck-boost converters, isolated converters, forward converters, flyback converters. Recommended Books 1. Power Electronics: Circuits, Devices and Applications by M.H. Rashid, Prentice Hall, Latest Edition. 2. Power Electronics by C.W. Lander, McGraw Hill, Latest Edition. 3. Elements of Power Electronics by Philip T. Krein, Oxford University Press, Latest Edition.

EE-XXX

ADVANCED ELECTRICAL MACHINES


As approved by the University/Institution. As approved by the University/Institution.

Theory Cr Hrs Lab Cr Hrs

Objectives
This course presents the instruments, and their underlying principles of physiological measurements relating to medical monitoring and diagnostics.

Course Contents
As approved by the University/Institution. Recommended Books As approved by the University/Institution.

CE-XXX
Theory Cr Hrs 2 Lab Cr Hrs 0

BASIC CIVIL ENGINEERING

Objectives
To explain fundamental concepts of surveying along with the introduction of surveying instruments. Advanced distance measurement techniques, GPS, Civil engineering drawing and foundations are also included as per need of Electrical Engineering.

Course Contents
Basic surveying, Global Positioning System, map reading, X-Y coordinates, foundations, civil engineering drawing, preparing drawings for planes, elevation cross section of single and multi-storeyed buildings, foundation of electrical poles and rotating machines, stress, torsion, bending impact, hardness, fluid mechanics. Recommended Books 1. Surveying and Leveling, T.P. Kanetkar, Latest Edition. 2. Introduction to Surveying, James M. Anderson, Latest Edition. 3. Basic Civil Engineering, Gureharm Singh, Latest Edition.

55

2. Electronic Engineering
EE-XXX
Theory Cr Hrs 3 Lab Cr Hrs 1

VLSI DESIGN

Objectives
To develop an understanding of VLSI circuits.

Course Contents
Presentation of concepts and techniques used in the fabrication of VLSI integrated circuits. Topics include basic semiconductor and MOSFET theory; integrated circuit fabrication; integrated circuit layout; NMOS and CMOS logic design; memory and processor design; testing of VLSI system architecture; CMOS circuit design, programmable logic devices and their programming through Hardware Description languages, an important aspect is a student design project in which a CMOS circuit is designed and laid out. Recommended Books 1. Digital Integrated Circuits, Jan M. R., Prentice Hall, Latest edition. 2. Electronic Circuits, Schilling and Belove, Latest edition. 3. Micro Electronic Circuits, Dr. Habibullah Jamal, Latest edition. 4. Micro Electronic Circuits, Sedra, Smith, Oxford University Press, Latest edition. 5. Zainalabedin Navabi, Verilog Computer-Based Training Course, Latest Edition, McGraw-Hill, ISBN: 0071374736, Latest Edition.

EE-XXX
Theory Cr Hrs 3 Lab Cr Hrs 1

INDUSTRIAL PROCESS CONTROL

Objectives
To develop an understanding of various techniques involved in the control of industrial processes.

Course Contents
Monitoring and control of volume, flow and temperature. Vibration monitoring and control. Weight, width, thickness control. Automatic gauge control. Combustion/burner management in boilers, furnaces etc. Pneumatic electronics and PID Controllers, control Valves, advance control techniques, microprocessor based implementation, PID tuning using Ziegler Nicholes method, time-delay systems, decentralized control. Recommended Books 1. Instrumentation for process measurements and control, Anderson, N. (Latest Edition). 2. Computer based industrial control, Kirshankant, Prentice Hall, (Latest Edition).

56

EE-XXX
Theory Cr Hrs 3 Lab Cr Hrs 1

DIGITAL ELECTRONICS

Objectives
Introduction to digital electronic devices.

Course Contents
Transistor inverter design and analysis. Noise margin. Fan-out. Propagation delay. Switching speed. Detailed design of pulse and switching circuits. Switch. Monostable, astable and bi-stable circuits. Emitter coupled flip-flop. Schmitt trigger. Precision timing circuits, Sweep generators. Saturating and non-saturating logic families (DTL, TTL, ECL, I2L, CMOS). Transfer characteristics, Speed, Power consumption, Detailed study of timer ICs and their applications, Analogue and digital circuit interface with applications, Oscillators, RC phase shift, Hartley, Colette and Clapp configurations, Introduction to the fabrication of digital microelectronic PMOS, N-MOS, C-MOS, and Bi-CMOS circuits, Epitaxy, ion implantations and oxidation. Recommended Books 1. Digital Integrated Circuit Design, Martin K., Oxford University Press, (Latest Edition). 2. Electronic Fundamentals: Circuits, Devices and Applications, Floyd T. L., Prentice Hall, (Latest Edition).

EE-XXX
Theory Cr Hrs 3 Lab Cr Hrs 1

DIGITAL INSTRUMENTATION

Objectives
To familiarize the students with various digital instruments.

Course Contents
Study of conventional electronic test and measurement instruments, review of sensors and transducers, automatic testing and measuring instruments, applications of computers in automatic testing and in day to day applications such as Biomedicine etc. Recommended Books Instrumentation, Butterworth Heinemann. Noltingk B.E, (Latest Edition).

57

EE-XXX
Theory Cr Hrs 2 Lab Cr Hrs 1

OPTO-ELECTRONICS

Objectives
To acquaint the students with the devices and techniques used in opto-electronic systems.

Course Contents
Theory: Nature of light, basic laws of light, optical fiber, types of optical fiber, fiber material, fabrication and components, laser, threshold condition, laser losses, population inversion and threshold conditions, laser modes, classes of lasers, semiconductor light sources, light emitting diodes, semiconductor laser diodes (SLDs), optical transmitter, optical receivers, wavelength division multiplexing (WDM), FDM versus WDM, WDM multiplexer, benefits of WDM, dense wavelength division multiplexing, optical networks. Lab Work: Optical sources, optical detectors, optical amplifiers, optical transmitters, optical receivers, optical transreceivers, optical fibers, propagation of light through an optical fiber, losses in fiber optic elements, optical modulation, multiplexing, optical systems. Recommended Books Harold Kolimbiris, Fiber Optics Communications, Latest Edition, Prentice Hall, ISBN: 0130158836.

EE-XXX
Theory Cr Hrs 3 Lab Cr Hrs 1

INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS

Objectives
Teach various industrial applications of electronics including heating, welding, speed control of electrical machines, photo-electric devices, x-ray, PLCs, and data acquisition.

Course Contents
Theory: Electric heating: Principles and applications; induction and dielectric heating; highfrequency welding. Spot welding control. Industrial control: Speed control of DC, AC, and servo motors. Process control. Measurement of non-electrical quantities: Temperature, displacement, pressure, time, frequency; digital industrial measuring systems. Ultra-sonic generation and applications. X-ray applications in industry. Photo-electric devices. Industrial control using PLCs. Data acquisition. Distributed control system in process industries. 58

Lab Work: Experiments related to the principles of welding and PLCs; speed control of DC, AC, and servo motors. Recommended Books 1. Frank D. Petruzella, Programmable Logic Controllers, Latest Edition, McGrawHill, ISBN: 0078298520. 2. Frank D. Petruzella, Industrial Electronics, Latest Edition, McGraw-Hill, ISBN: 0028019962.

EE-XXX
Theory Cr Hrs 3 Lab Cr Hrs 1

POWER ELECTRONICS

Objectives
This course deals with the techniques of designing high current electronic circuits using power semiconductor devices in the switching mode rather than in the linear mode. The subject starts with coverage of the full spectrum of modern power semiconductor devices, their characteristic, both static and switching, and their drive circuit design. Topologies of power electronic circuits for applications in controlled rectification, inversion, dc-dc conversion, and ac-ac conversion, their control techniques are covered. Applications of power electronic equipment are also included with emphasis on dc and ac motor drives.

Course Contents
Principles of Power Electronics, Converters and Applications, Circuit Components and their Effects, Control Aspects. Power Electronic Devices: Power diode, Power BJT, Power MOSFET IGBT & SCRs, GTO, & TRIAC and DIAC: construction, characteristics, operations, losses, ratings, control and protection of thyristors. Half wave and full wave rectifiers with resistive and inductive loads. Un-controlled, semi controlled and full controlled rectification. 3 Phase rectifiers: un-controlled, semi controlled and full controlled. 6-pulse, 12-pulse and 24 pulse rectification, PWM converters. Single phase DC to AC converters, 3 Phase inverter, 6-pulse, 12 pulse inverters, PWM inverters. Switching Mode Power Supplies, DC to DC conversation, Buck converter, Boost converter and Buck-Boost converters. Isolated converters, Forward converters, Flyback converters. Recommended Books 1. Power Electronic Circuits: Devices and Application, Rashid, H., Prentice Hall, (Latest Edition). 2. Power Electronics, Lander C. W., McGraw Hill, (Latest Edition). 3. Philip T. Krein, Elements of Power Electronics, Oxford University Press, (Latest edition).

59

EE-XXX
Theory Cr Hrs 3 Lab Cr Hrs 1

DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING

Objectives
This course deals with the breadth and depth of digital signal processing, analog to digital conversion, sampling theory, analysis of discrete-time signals and systems, convolution and correlation, discrete Fourier frequency analysis, realization structures and FIR and IIR filter design methods. The course will also enable the students to use MATLAB digital signal processing tool box, other DSP software and DSP processors.

Course Contents
Introduction scope, Comparison between continuous time signal and discrete time sequence, properties of LSI system, difference equation, causality, stability, discrete Fourier transform, applications of DSP, digital signals, systems and convolution, Fourier transform and frequency response, sampling, discrete time Fourier transforms. DFT and FFT algorithms, Z-transform, FIR, IIR filters and their implementation, FIR filter design methods and IIR filter design methods, spectrum analysis, VLSI signal processors. Recommended Books

1. Digital Signal Processing, J. P. Proakis and D. G. Manolakis, (Latest edition).


2. Simon Haykin, Signals and Systems, Latest Edition, John Wiley & Sons, ISBN: 0471378518. 3. John G. Proakis and Dimitris K. Manolakis, Digital Signal Processing, Latest Edition, Prentice Hall, ISBN: 0131873741. 4. Sen M. Kuo and Woon-Seng S. Gan, Digital Signal Processors: Architecture, Implementation and Applications, Latest Edition, Prentice Hall, ISBN: 0130352144. 5. Gordon. E. Carlson, Signals and Linear System Analysis, Latest Edition, John Wiley & Sons, ISBN: 0471124656.

EE-XXX
Theory Cr Hrs 3 Lab Cr Hrs 1

DIGITAL SYSTEM DESIGN

Objectives
Hardware description languages (VHDL and Verilog) and synthesis tools are extensively used in industry for quickly designing and implementing complex digital hardware. On completion of this course the students will be able to design and test a blocks of a digital circuit, be able to implement a logic circuits into FPGAs.

Course Contents
Digital system design automation with Verilog, digital design flow, Verilog HDL, register transfer (RT) level design with Verilog, elements of Verilog, Verilog language concepts, Verilog simulation model, detailed modeling, RT level design and test, HDL coding for synthesis, logic synthesis, reuse methodology, combinational and sequential circuit description, digital design of high speed 60

computational unit, digital design of function generator, digital filters design, digital signal processing algorithm design. Recommended Books 1. Painitkar S., Verilog HDL , Prentice Hall Publisher, Instrumentation, Butterworth Heinemann, Latest Edition. 2. Advanced Digital Design with Verilog HDL, Pearson Education, Ciletti M. D., Latest Edition. 3. Verilog Digital Systems Design, Zainulabidin Nayabi, McGraw Hill, Latest Edition.

EE-XXX
Theory Cr Hrs 2 Lab Cr Hrs 0

ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILTY

Objectives
The primary purpose of the course is to develop the fundamental concepts of EMI and EMC. The course is devised to acquaint the students with the knowledge of sources and types of interference, EMI effects, Coupling, Grounding, Shielding, filtering and military EMI/EMC standards.

Course Contents
Introduction, sources of conducted & radiated interferences, Electromagnetic Pulse, Interference coupling, Grounding, Bonding, Shielding, Filtering, Military EMC standards and specifications. Recommended Books 1. Principles of Electromagnetic Compatibility by Brenhard Keiser, Latest Edition. 2. Electromagnetic Compatibility by Pierrre Degauque & Hamelin, Latest Edition. 3. Cable Shielding for Electromagnetic Compatibility by Anatoly Tsaliovich, Latest Edition.

3.

Telecommunication Engineering
MICROWAVE DEVICES

EE-XXX
Theory Cr Hrs 3 Lab Cr Hrs 1

Objectives
To familiarize the students with the wave propagation in bounded field systems. To develop a comprehensive understanding of components, tubes and semiconductor devices. To understand microwave measurement techniques.

Course Contents
Microwave components: waveguides, waveguide junctions, directional couplers, isolators, circulators, resonators, micro-strips. Microwave generators: microwave tubes, two cavity klystron, reflex klystron, TWT, magnetron. Microwave semiconductor devices. Gunn diode, Impact diode, PIN diode, Mixers, Detectors. 61

Microwave measurements, measurement of frequency, VSWR, power, noise and impedance. Recommended Books 1. Microwave Engineering, Pozar D. M., Willey, (Latest edition). 2. Microwave Engineering, Rizzi P. A., Englewood Cliff, (Latest edition).

EE-XXX
Theory Cr Hrs 3 Lab Cr Hrs 1

COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS

Objectives
This course is structured as a senior-level design course emphasizing fundamental communication principles and the application of these principles to contemporary analogue and digital communication systems. It assumes students have a background in signals & systems, the frequency spectrum (both continuous and discrete), and probability and statistics (random variable theory). Students learn basic concepts (both digital and analogue) associated with information, coding, modulation, detection, and signal processing in the presence of noise. They apply these concepts to the design of contemporary communications, and digital telephony such as television, radio, and satellite communications.

Course Contents
Amplitude Modulation Systems: Frequency translation, recovery of base signal, amplitude modulation, maximum allowable modulation, square law demodulator, spectrum of AM signal modulators, balanced modulator, single sideband, vestigial sideband and compatible single sideband system, multiplexing. Frequency Modulation Systems: Angle modulation, phase and frequency modulation, relationship between phase and frequency modulation, spectrum of FM signal effect of modulation index on bandwidth. EF generation and detection methods, limiters, frequency multiplication. Pulse Modulation Systems: Sampling theorem, low pass signals, pulse amplitude pulse width and pulse position modulation, bandwidth requirements, spectra, cross talk. methods of generation and detection of PAM, PVVM signals, pulse code modulation, quantization and commanding. PCM systems, equalization, synchronous and asynchronous PCM systems, delta modulation, phase shift keying, differential phase shift keying, frequency shift keying. Noise: Mathematical representation, effect of filtering, response of narrow band filter to noise, superposition of noise, probability density, noise in am, FM system noise calculations, shot noise, thermal noise, noise temperature, noise bandwidth, noise figure, noise figure and equivalent noise in cascaded system, signal to noise ratio. Information Theory and Coding: Discrete messages, concept of amount of information, average information, entropy information rate, Shannons theorem, channel capacity, relation between band width and S/N ration. Coding: Parity check coding, error correction elementary system.

62

Recommended Books 1. Principles of Communication Systems, Taub Schilling McGraw Hill, Latest edition. 2. Communication Systems by Bruce Carlson, Latest edition. 3. Analog and Digital Communication, Simon Haykin, Latest edition.
4. B. P. Lathi, Modern Digital and Analog Communication Systems, Latest Edition, Oxford University Press, ISBN: 0195110099. 5. Leon W. Couch, Digital and Analog Communication Systems, Latest Edition, Prentice Hall, ISBN: 0131424920.

6. John G. Proakis and Masoud Salehi, Communication Systems Engineering, Latest


Edition, Prentice Hall, ISBN: 0130617938.

EE-XXX
Theory Cr Hrs 3 Lab Cr Hrs 1

OPTICAL FIBRE COMMUNICATION

Objectives
The aim of this course is to enable the students to develop knowledge of Fibreoptic fundamentals and use of an alternate medium to transfer information at a higher data rate having larger bandwidth with reliability. They will learn basic concept of light ray theory, transmission and reception and recovery of information at minimum losses encountering all attenuation, degradation factors etc. The students will be capable to design a Fibre-optic communication link.

Course Contents
Optical beams and resonators including ray tracing, Gaussian beam propagation, stable and unstable resonators; classical theory of spontaneous and stimulated emission including a discussion of homogeneous and inhomogeneous line broadening; laser pumping and population inversion in three level and four level systems; fundamentals of laser oscillation, dynamics and threshold; laser cavity equations; laser spiking and mode competition; Q-switching; active and passive mode locking; injection locking; single frequency operation; introduction to fiber lasers and active optical fiber devices design considerations of a Fiber Optics Communication Systems: Analog and Digital Modulator, Noise in Detection Process, BIT Error Rate (BER), System design. Maximum transmission distance due to attenuation and dispersion. Recommended Books 1. John M. Senior, Optical Fiber Communications: Principles and Practice, Latest Edition, Prentice Hall, ISBN: 0136354262. 2. Gerd Keiser, Optical Fiber Communications, Latest Edition, McGraw-Hill, ISBN: 0072360763. 3. Harold Kolimbiris, Fiber Optics Communications, Latest Edition, Prentice Hall, ISBN: 0130158836. 4. Djafar Mynbaev and Lowell Scheiner, Fiber-Optic Communications Technology, Latest Edition, Prentice Hall, ISBN: 0139620699. 5. Opto Electronic, Wilson and Hawks, Latest edition. 6. Laser Electronics, Joseph T. Verdeyen, Latest edition.
T T

63

EE-XXX
Theory Cr Hrs 3 Lab Cr Hrs 1

RADAR SYSTEMS

Objectives
To teach the principle of operation of radar; commonly used devices in radar; statistical nature of the received signal and signal processing; different types of radar and their applications.

Course Contents
Principle of operation of radar; CW and pulse radar; radar range equation; measurement of target range, velocity and angular position; FMCW radar; detection of signals in noise; radar clutter; principle of operation of surface acoustic wave (SAW) device and its application in radar; phase processing in radar; MTI and pulsed Doppler radar; coherent and non-coherent radars; pulse compression radar; tracking in range and angle; radar antennas; duplexers, transmitters, receivers and displays; different types of radar and their applications. Recommended Books 1. Introduction to Radar Systems, Merrill I. Skolnik, Latest edition. 2. Principles of Modern Radar by Gerry L Eaves & Edward K Reedy, Latest edition.

EE-XXX
Theory Cr Hrs 3 Lab Cr Hrs 1

MOBILE COMMUNICATION

Objectives
To provide an overview of the fundamental concepts and technologies involved in modern mobile communication systems.

Course Contents
Introduction to wireless communication system, the cellular concept system design fundamentals, mobile radio propagation, modulation techniques for mobile radio, multiple access techniques for wireless communication, wireless networking, wireless systems and standards, AMPs, GSM, truncking theory, wireless application protocols (WAP), wireless markup language (WML), Bluetoothcompatible cellular telephone system. Recommended Books 1. Wireless Communications, Theodore S. Rappaport, (Latest edition). 2. Wireless Application Programmers Library, Phil Schmauder, (Latest edition). 3. Multiple Access Protocols for Mobile Communication, (Latest edition). 4. Illustrated Telecom Dictionary, (Latest edition). 5. Telecom Fact Book, Garbin, (Latest edition).

64

EE-XXX
Theory Cr Hrs 3 Lab Cr Hrs 1

SATELLITE COMMUNICATION

Objectives
To acquaint the students with the principle of operation of satellite communication, its benefits and the technology involved.

Course Contents
Introduction to satellite communication, satellite link design, propagation characteristics of fixed and mobile satellite links, channel modeling, access control schemes, system performance analysis, system design, mobile satellite services, global satellite systems, national satellite systems, mobile satellite network design, digital modem design, speech codes design, error control codec design, low earth orbit communication satellite systems. Recommended Books 1. Mobile Communication Satellites: Theory and Applications, Tom Logsden, McGraw Hill, (Latest edition). 2. Satellite Communication Systems: Systems, Techniques and Technologies, Gerald M., Michel Bousquet, John Willey, (Latest edition). 3. Leon W. Couch, Digital & Analog Communication Systems, Latest Edition, Prentice Hall, ISBN: 0131424920. 4. Theodore S. Rappaport, Wireless Communications: Principles and Practice, Latest Edition, Prentice Hall, ISBN: 0130422320. 5. Jochen Schiller, Mobile Communications, Latest Edition, Addison-Wesley, ISBN: 0321123816. 6. Timothy Pratt, Charles W. Bostian and Jeremy E. Allnutt, Satellite Communications, Latest Edition, 2003, John Wiley & Sons, ISBN: 0471429120.
T T

EE-XXX

TELECOMMUNICATION MANAGEMENT

Theory Cr Hrs 3 Lab Cr Hrs 1

Objectives
To develop an understanding telecommunication industry. of the management techniques in the

Course Contents
Theories of Telecommunications Management: A Concept of Management, different approaches to the management, components of telecommunications management, telecommunications management skills, functions of telecommunications management, roles for telecommunications management, model of telecommunications management. Telecommunications Financial Management: Basic financial aspects of telecommunications management, tangible assets, intangible assets, liabilities, 65

depreciation and amortization, methods of financial reporting, financial planning and projections, computerized telecommunication management, traffic, sale, accounting, programming. Personnel management and Employee relations: Functions of personnel administration in telecommunications, organizational hierarchy, core departments in telecommunications. Job Description in telecommunications staffing: recruitment, training and evaluation policies, telecommunications management and labor relations. Guids and union, union organization and operation management and collective bargaining, Industry and market Structure of Telecommunication: Elements of market Structure, elements of market conduct, elements of market performance, acquisition strategies, media valuation, market analysis. Telecommunications Management in Future: Globalization and vertical integration, technological convergence, telecommunications management and social change, successful management for new millennium. Recommended Books 1. Telecommunications cost Management, S.C.Strother, Artech House, (Latest edition). 2. Telecommunications Management, Barry L. Shurman, McGraw Hill, (Latest edition).

EE-XXX
Theory Cr Hrs 3 Lab Cr Hrs 1

WAVE PROPAGATION AND ANTENNAS

Objectives
To make the students understand different aspects of electromagnetic wave propagation and the role of antenna as transducer. Different characteristics of antennas are also explained.

Course Contents
Transmission lines, micro strip transmission lines, transient waves. The wave equation and waveguides. Traveling and standing waves. EM plane waves. EM radiation. Properties of antennas. Measurement of antenna characteristics. Computer aided design and testing. Propagation of radio waves. Recommended Books 1. Wave Propagation and Antenna Vargs Kraus, (Latest edition). 2. Elements of Electromagnetic, M. N.O. Sadiku, Oxford University Press, (Latest edition).

66

EE-XXX
Theory Cr Hrs 2 Lab Cr Hrs 0

ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILTY

Objectives
The primary purpose of the course is to develop the fundamental concepts of EMI and EMC. The course is devised to acquaint the students with the knowledge of sources and types of interference, EMI effects, Coupling, Grounding, Shielding, filtering and military EMI/EMC standards.

Course Contents
Introduction, sources of conducted & radiated interferences, Electromagnetic Pulse, Interference coupling, Grounding, Bonding, Shielding, Filtering, Military EMC standards and specifications. Recommended Books 1. Principles of Electromagnetic Compatibility by Brenhard Keiser, Latest Edition. 2. Electromagnetic Compatibility by Pierrre Degauque & Hamelin, Latest Edition. 3. Cable Shielding for Electromagnetic Compatibility by Anatoly Tsaliovich, Latest Edition.

EE-XXX
Theory Cr Hrs 3 Lab Cr Hrs 1

DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING

Objectives
This course deals with the breadth and depth of digital signal processing, analog to digital conversion, sampling theory, analysis of discrete-time signals and systems, convolution and correlation, discrete Fourier frequency analysis, realization structures and FIR and IIR filter design methods. The course will also enable the students to use MATLAB digital signal processing tool box, other DSP software and DSP processors.

Course Contents
Introduction scope, Comparison between continuous time signal and discrete time sequence, properties of LSI system, difference equation, causality, stability, discrete Fourier transform, applications of DSP, digital signals, systems and convolution, Fourier transform and frequency response, sampling, discrete time Fourier transforms. DFT and FFT algorithms, Z-transform, FIR, IIR filters and their implementation, FIR filter design methods and IIR filter design methods, spectrum analysis, VLSI signal processors. Recommended Books 1. Digital Signal Processing, J. P. Proakis and D. G. Manolakis, (Latest edition). 2. Simon Haykin, Signals and Systems, Latest Edition, John Wiley & Sons, ISBN: 0471378518.

67

3. John G. Proakis and Dimitris K. Manolakis, Digital Signal Processing, Latest Edition, Prentice Hall, ISBN: 0131873741. 4. Sen M. Kuo and Woon-Seng S. Gan, Digital Signal Processors: Architecture, Implementation and Applications, Latest Edition, Prentice Hall, ISBN: 0130352144. 5. Gordon. E. Carlson, Signals and Linear System Analysis, Latest Edition, John Wiley & Sons, ISBN: 0471124656.

EE-XXX
Theory Cr Hrs 3 Lab Cr Hrs 1

MULTIMEDIA COMMUNICATION

Objectives
To develop familiarity communication. with the science and technology of multimedia

Course Contents
Introduction: What is multimedia, multimedia scorecard: The PC, The television, The telephone. Digital Audio: Analog to digital conversion techniques, sample rates and size, codecs, compression techniques, audio synthesis, FM synthesis, digital signal processing, IBM PC sound cards, installing a sound card. Digital Video: Building a digital picture, A PC graphic controller, RGB and YUV, color representation, VGA and SVGA standards, mixing video and graphics. Digital Picture Compression: Compression techniques, JPEG and motion JPEG, JBIG. Digital Video Compression: Video compression techniques, MPEGI overview, MPEGI video compression, MPEGI video compression process, MPEGI audio compression overview, the MPEGI audio compression process, MPEGI systems, MPEG2 overview, MPEG2 video compression, MPEG2 audio, MPEG2 systems, MPEG decoder, Indeo, Wavelet compression, fractal compression, MPEG4, MPEG&. CD-ROMs: CD-Rom technology, CD-Rom IBM, PC interfaces, Recordable CDROMs, Digital video disc. Modem Networking Methods for Multimedia: POTS/PSTN/ISDN/ADSL/LAN/ATM. Multimedia Conferencing: What is multimedia conferencing, achieving interoperability, delivering conferencing data, H.320 multimedia conferencing standards, H.320 overview, H.261 coding and decoding, H.320 terminals, moving an H.320 cell, conferencing applications, transcoding. Digital Video Broadcasting: Overview of MCI for audio-visual control, overview of ISP for telecommunication, POTS call, making a fax call, identifying the media stream, switches video sources, mixed source dialing. Recommended Books 1. Multimedia Systems, Standards and Networks, Puri, Marcel Dekker, Latest edition. 2. Multimedia and Communication Technology, Steve Heath, Focal Press, Latest edition. 3. Multimedia Telecommunication, Bill Whyte, Chapman and Hall, Latest Edition. 68

4. Computer Engineering
EE-XXX
Theory Cr Hrs 3 Lab Cr Hrs 1

COMPUTER COMMUNICATION NETWORKS

Objectives
To help the students gain an understanding of the terminology and standards in modern day computer networks. To make the students understand communication basics, networking and network technologies; with emphasis on data and computer communication within the framework of the OSI and TCP/IP protocol architectures, internet and internetworking and how to apply these in the design and analysis of networks.

Course Contents
Introduction, protocols and Architecture, Data transmission, transmission media, data encoding, data communication interface, data link central, multiplexing, circuit switching, packet switching, ATM and frame relay, congestion central in data networks, LAN technology, LAN systems, Internet protocols, Inter network operation, transport protocols, ISDN and broad ban ISDN. Telecommunication networks, hardware and software, reference models, transmission media, wireless transmission, the telephone system, narrow- and broad-band ISDN, ATM, cellular radio, communication satellites. The data link layer: design issues, error detection and correction, sliding window protocols. The medium access sub-layer: MAC protocols, IEEE 802.3 for LANs and MANs, fast Ethernet, satellite networks. The network layer: routing, congestion control, internetworking, the network layer in the Internet. The transport layer: the transport service, TCP and UDP. The application layer: network security, domain name system, electronic mail, the worldwide web, multimedia. Recommended Books 1. Computer and Data Communication, William Stllinf, Latest Edition. 2. Computer Communication and Networking Technologies, William M. Hancock, Latest Edition. 3. Understanding Data Communication and Networks, William A. Shy., Latest Edition.

CS-XXX
Theory Cr Hrs 3 Lab Cr Hrs 1

COMPUTER GRAPHICS

Objectives
To develop an understanding of the techniques involved in computer aided graphics design.

Course Contents
Architecture and implementation of display and interaction devices, 2D and 3D vision, clipping and transformation, raster graphics scan conversion algorithms, hidden lines, edges and surface removal algorithms, rendering shading algorithms. 69

Recommended Books 1. Gillies & Burger, Interactive Computer Graphics, Addison Wesley, Latest Edition. 2. Foley & Wandem, Fundamentals of Interactive Computer Graphics, Addison Wesley, Latest Edition.

EE-XXX

DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING

Theory Cr Hrs 3 Lab Cr Hrs 1

Objectives
This course deals with the breadth and depth of digital signal processing, analog to digital conversion, sampling theory, analysis of discrete-time signals and systems, convolution and correlation, discrete Fourier frequency analysis, realization structures and FIR and IIR filter design methods. The course will also enable the students to use MATLAB digital signal processing tool box, other DSP software and DSP processors.

Course Contents
Introduction scope, Comparison between continuous time signal and discrete time sequence, properties of LSI system, difference equation, causality, stability, discrete Fourier transform, applications of DSP, digital signals, systems and convolution, Fourier transform and frequency response, sampling, discrete time Fourier transforms. DFT and FFT algorithms, Z-transform, FIR, IIR filters and their implementation, FIR filter design methods and IIR filter design methods, spectrum analysis, VLSI signal processors. Recommended Books 1. Digital Signal Processing, J. P. Proakis and D. G. Manolakis, (Latest edition). 2. Simon Haykin, Signals and Systems, Latest Edition, John Wiley & Sons, ISBN: 0471378518. 3. John G. Proakis and Dimitris K. Manolakis, Digital Signal Processing, Latest Edition, Prentice Hall, ISBN: 0131873741. 4. Sen M. Kuo and Woon-Seng S. Gan, Digital Signal Processors: Architecture, Implementation and Applications, Latest Edition, Prentice Hall, ISBN: 0130352144. 5. Gordon. E. Carlson, Signals and Linear System Analysis, Latest Edition, John Wiley & Sons, ISBN: 0471124656.

EE-XXX
Theory Cr Hrs 3 Lab Cr Hrs 1

DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING

Objectives
The objective of this course is to provide the understanding of the concepts involved in the field of digital image processing. The course starts with the basics of image processing and then covers in detail the image enhancement both in spatial and transform domains. This is followed by covering other important topics such as morphological operations, feature extraction and representations, multi-resolution processing, object recognition and image compression. 70

Course Contents
Image formation process, types of images (Infrared, thermal and video range etc.), image segmentation, Hough transform, shape from stereo, motion and shading. Image acquisition techniques, digitization, acquisition flaws, image storage, compression techniques, image transformation ( translation, scaling, rotation, stereo, 3D modeling, discrete time description of signals , fast Fourier transform image enhancement image histogram, contrast enhancement, histogram manipulation , thresh holding, binarization, Grey scale and colour images, smoothing, sharpening, edge detection, morphological operators ( erosion, dilation, opening, closing) medical axis transform, skeletonization, and thinning. Recommended Books 1. Gonzalez and Wood, Digital Image Processing, Addition Wesley, Latest edition.

EE-XXX

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND NEURAL NETWORKS

Theory Cr Hrs 3 Lab Cr Hrs 1

Objectives
The course is aimed to build a comprehensive foundation in the analysis of Artificial Intelligence and to develop an understanding of the related field of AI.

Course Contents
Types of intelligence, cognitive models, knowledge representation, pattern matching, functional programming in LISP (or Prolog), goal-based systems, heuristic search and games, expert systems, language understanding, robotics and computer vision, theorem proving and deductive systems and learning, applications using commercially available expert systems Introduction to neural networks basic building blocks of neural networks, Hebb network, Perception networks, Adline networks, Hetro associative memory neural networks, auto associative nets, recurrent net, Hop field net, bi-directional associative memory (BAM) maxnet, hamming net, Kohonen self organizing maps, learning vector quantization (LVQ), adoptive resonance theory (ART) back propagation net. Recommended Books 1. Knowledge Systems and PROLOG, Walker, Addison-Wesley, Latest Edition. 2. Artificial Intelligence, Winston. Addison-Wesley, Latest Edition. 3. Artificial Intelligence Rich,. McGraw-Hill, Latest Edition.

EE-XXX

EMBEDDED SYSTEM DESIGN

Theory Cr Hrs 3 Lab Cr Hrs 1

Objectives
To develop an understanding of various embedded systems.

Course Contents
Trends and challenges in embedded system design, introduction to the design and use of single-purpose processors (hardware) and general-purpose processors (software), memories and buses, hardware/software tradeoffs, advanced 71

computation models, control systems, chip technologies, modern design tools, embedded processor selection, hardware/firmware partitioning, glue logic, circuit design, circuit layout, circuit debugging, development tools, firmware architecture, firmware design, and firmware debugging; study of Intel 8051; microcontroller architecture and instruction set. Each student will be required to build and debug a micro-controller board. The course will culminate with a significant final project which would extend the base microcontroller board completed earlier in the course. Learning may be supplemented with periodic guest lectures by embedded systems engineers from industry. Recommended Books 1. Embedded System Design: A Unified Hardware/Software, Latest Edition. 2. Introduction, Frank Vahid and Tony Givargis, John Wiley & Sons, ISBN: 0471386782, Latest Edition.
H H H H

CS-XXX

COMPUTER ARCHITECTURE AND ORGANIZATION

Theory Cr Hrs 3 Lab Cr Hrs 1

Objectives
The students will gain insight into the architecture and organization of computers.

Course Contents
Difference Between Architecture & Organization: The Organization and structuring of the major components of a modern computer: The CPU, ALU, and Memory. I/O, Peripherals; different levels of computer organization; data representation; arithmetic circuits; a detailed study of a microcomputer or minicomputer. Micro and macro instructions, arithmetic shifts, overflow and underflow, fixed-point and floating-point data, instruction codes, non-numeric data, processor logic design, design of ALU, design of registers and shifters, design of accumulator, memory organization, DMA, input and output Interfaces. Memory systems, interleaving techniques, memory organizations, virtual memory and its organization, advance techniques of virtual memory implementation, segmentation and paging techniques, algorithms of page memories. Recommended Books As approved by the University/Institution. CS-XXX

DATA STRUCTURES AND ALGORITHMS

Theory Cr Hrs 3 Lab Cr Hrs 1

Objectives
The students will acquire the knowledge of computer data structures and the algorithms to manage these efficiently.

Course Contents
Introduction and brief overview of Data Structures and operations performed on them, mathematical notation and functions, algorithmic notations, control structures (sequential flow, conditional flow, repetitive flow), complexity of algorithms, sorting 72

strings, string operations, word processing (replacement, insertion and deletion algorithms), pattern algorithms, array, linear arrays, operations performed on linear Arrays and their representation in memory, Records and their representation in memory. Matrices, algebra of Matrices (Matrix multiplication algorithm), introduction to linked lists, representation of linked lists in memory, operations performed on linked lists, traversing, searching, insertion, deletion, introduction to header linked lists, two-way linked lists. Stacks and their implementations by an array and by linked lists, queues and their applications, searching, sequential search. Binary search, comparison trees. Hashing, Sparse tables, analysis of Hashing, sorting, insertion sort, selection sort, shell sort, divide and conquer algorithm, recursion, binary trees, trees and graphs, removal of recursion, the Polish notation. Recommended Books As approved by the University/Institution. CS-XXX

RELATIONAL DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

Theory Cr Hrs 3 Lab Cr Hrs 1

Objectives
To make the students gain insight into the Relational Database Management System and its application.

Course Contents
Introduction to database concepts; Relational data structure, relational algebra, relational calculus, query language; normalization process; design, implementation and maintenance of relational database, Contemporary topics in relational database systems; Evaluation and selection of relational database management system (DBMS), object-oriented databases. Recommended Books As approved by the University/Institution.

CS-XXX

FUNDAMENTALS OF OPERATING SYSTEMS

Theory Cr Hrs 3 Lab Cr Hrs 0

Objectives
Teach the basics and administration of various operating systems including DOS, Windows, and Unix/Linux.

Course Contents
Overview and history, operating system concepts, DOS, Windows, Unix/Linux, processes and threads, process scheduling, device and file management, memory management, concurrency and deadlocks, Windows systems administration, Unix system administration and shell programming, virtual memory, multiprocessors and real time scheduling, file sharing, servers, distributed processing, process migration. 73

Recommended Books 1. Andrew Tanenbaum and Albert Woodhull, Operating Systems Design and Implementation, Latest d Edition, Prentice Hall, ISBN: 0131429388. 2. Andrew Tanenbaum, Modern Operating Systems, Latest Edition, Prentice Hall, ISBN: 0130313580.

CS-XXX

SOFTWARE ENGINEERING

Theory Cr Hrs 3 Lab Cr Hrs 1

Objectives
To teach the students different aspects of software engineering.

Course Contents
Introduction to Software Engineering, characteristics and applications, process models, methods and tools. Project management concepts, Software measurement, Software project Planning, Risk management, Software Portability, Software Quality Assurance standard, documentation and management of a Software Process. To explore the personal process and competencies necessary to function in a small team setting. The seven key Process areas; Coding Standards, Size Measurement, Test Reporting, Size Estimating, Task and Schedule Planning, Code and Design reviewers, Design Templates, Examples of Projects will be implemented in VISUAL BASIC. Recommended Books As approved by the University/Institution. CS-XXX

MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS

Theory Cr Hrs 3 Lab Cr Hrs 1

Objectives
As approved by the University/Institution.

Course Contents
As approved by the University/Institution. Recommended Books As approved by the University/Institution.

74

CS-XXX

PARALLEL AND DISTRIBUTED PROCESSING

Theory Cr Hrs 3 Lab Cr Hrs 1

Objectives
Introduction to various parallel data communication hardware and techniques.

Course Contents
Data parallelism, multi-processor architecture, process communication, data sharing, synchronous parallelism, multi-computer architecture, data partitioning, distributed memory, scheduling parallel program, object oriented parallel program. Recommended Books 1. Introduction to Parallel Computing, Ted, G. Lewis, Hesham El-Rewani, Prentice Hall, Latest Edition. 2. The Art of Parallel Programming, Bruce P. Lester, Prentice Hall, Latest Edition.

CS-111

DATA MINING

Theory Cr Hrs 2 Lab Cr Hrs 1

Objectives
As approved by the University/Institution.

Course Contents
As approved by the University/Institution. Recommended Books As approved by the University/Institution.

5.

Control Engineering
ROBOTICS

EE-XXX

Theory Cr Hrs 3 Lab Cr Hrs 1

Objectives
Basics of robotics and their applications will be introduced.

Course Contents
Introduction to Robotics, requirement of a robot, types of robots, robot hardware, robot sensors, vision systems, robot applications; material transfer, spray coating, machine loading, process operation, welding, assembly inspection. 75

Recommended Books 1. Industrial Robots-Computer interface and Control, W.E. Snyder, Prentice-Hall, Latest Edition. 2. Robotics: An Introduction, Malcolm, Breton publishers, Latest Edition.

EE-XXX

DIGITAL CONTROL SYSTEMS

Theory Cr Hrs 3 Lab Cr Hrs 1

Objectives
Students will gain knowledge of digital control loop analysis and will study methods of compensator design.

Course Contents
Sampled data systems, discrete signals and sampling, discrete transfer functions, digital to analog conversion. Discrete equivalents for continuous controller discrete models for sampled data systems, pulse transfer functions for feedback systems, stability of digital control systems, direct digital design by transform methods. Recommended Books 1. Digital Control System Analysis and Design, Charles L. Phillips and H. Troy Nagle, Prentice Hall, Latest Edition.

EE-XXX

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND NEURAL NETWORKS

Theory Cr Hrs 3 Lab Cr Hrs 1

Objectives
The course is aimed to build a comprehensive foundation in the analysis of Artificial Intelligence and to develop an understanding of the related field of AI.

Course Contents
Types of intelligence, cognitive models, knowledge representation, pattern matching, functional programming in LISP (or Prolog), goal-based systems, heuristic search and games, expert systems, language understanding, robotics and computer vision, theorem proving and deductive systems and learning, applications using commercially available expert systems Introduction to neural networks basic building blocks of neural networks, Hebb network, Perception networks, Adline networks, Hetro associative memory neural networks, auto associative nets, recurrent net, Hop field net, bi-directional associative memory (BAM) maxnet, hamming net, Kohonen self organizing maps, learning vector quantization (LVQ), adoptive resonance theory (ART) back propagation net. Recommended Books 1. Knowledge Systems and PROLOG, Walker, Addison-Wesley, Latest Edition. 2. Artificial Intelligence, Winston. Addison-Wesley, Latest Edition. 3. Artificial Intelligence Rich,. McGraw-Hill, Latest Edition. 76

EE-XXX

FUZZY LOGIC

Theory Cr Hrs 3 Lab Cr Hrs 1

Objectives
Fuzzy decision making and programming will be introduced.

Course Contents
The concept of fuzziness, fuzzy set, fuzzy quantities, logical aspects of fuzzy sets, basic connectives, fuzzy implications, fuzzy relations, universal approximations, possibility theory, partial knowledge, Fuzzy Measures, Fuzzy Integrals, Fuzzy Modeling and Control. Recommended Books 1. A First Course in Fuzzy Logic, Hung T Nguyen, Elbert A Walker, CRC Press, (Latest Edition). 2. An Introduction to Fuzzy Logic for Practical Applications, Kazuo Tanaka, Springer, (Latest Edition). 3. Fuzzy Logic With Engineering Applications, Timothy J Ras, John Willey (Latest Edition). EE-XXX

ADVANCED CONTROL SYSTEMS

Theory Cr Hrs 3 Lab Cr Hrs 1

Objectives
This course will introduce modern state space analytical and design methods and non-linear analysis tools.

Course Contents
Analysis of control systems in state space; design of control systems by state space methods; non-linear phenomena and their effect on design. Describing functions, limit cycles. Phase plane analysis, trajectories, linearization of non-linear differential equations, equilibrium points and their classification. Uncertainty and robustness; Design for Robust Performance; an Introduction to multivariable and adaptive control. Liapunov stability analysis. Recommended Books 1. Advanced Control Engineering, Roland Burns, Elsevier, Latest Edition. 2. Modern Control Engineering, Ogata, K., Prentice Hall, Latest Edition.

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EE-XXX

OPTIMAL CONTROL

Theory Cr Hrs 3 Lab Cr Hrs 1

Objectives
This advanced level course aims at defining optimal performance objective and characterizing optimal control.

Course Contents
State Space Representation of Physical Systems; Selection of a Performance Measure; The Optimal Control Law; The Principle of Optimality Applied to the Optimal Control Problem; The Calculus of Variations; Necessary Conditions of Optimal Control; Linear Regulator Problems; Pontryagins Minimum Principle and State Inequality Constraints; Minimum Time and Minimum Control Effort Problems; Numerical Determination of Optimal Control by the Method of Steepest Decent and by the Method of Variation of Extremals. Recommended Books 1. Optimal control theory; An Introduction, Kirk, D.E., Prentice Hall (Latest Edition). 2. Optimal Control, Lewis, F.L.; John Wiley, (Latest Edition).

EE-XXX

INTRODUCTION TO ADAPTIVE CONTROL

Theory Cr Hrs 3 Lab Cr Hrs 1

Objectives
Adaptive control basics and design techniques will be introduced.

Course Contents
Motivation, Definitions and Classifications, Model Reference Adaptive Systems, Continuous Time MRAC Systems, Discrete-Time MRAC Systems, Self Tuning Regulators, Multivariable Self Tuning Regulators, Adaptive Control Strategies, Recent Trends in Adaptive Control and Applications, Recommended Books 1. Adaptive Control Systems: Techniques and Applications, Chalam V. V., Marcel Dekker, Latest Edition. 2. Adaptive Control Design and Analysis, Gang Tao, Willey and IEEE., Latest Edition.

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EE-XXX

STOCHASTIC CONTROL

Theory Cr Hrs 3 Lab Cr Hrs 1

Objectives
Concept of non-deterministic processes and analysis methods will be introduced. State estimation of stochastic process and control will be discussed.

Course Contents
Deterministic Signal Representation and Analysis; Introduction to Random Processes and Spectral Analysis; Correlation Function and Power Spectral Density of Stationary Processes, Gaussian and Poisson Processes; The Analysis of Linear and Non-Linear Systems with Random Inputs; Stochastic Signal Representation; Orthogonal Expansions; Linear Mean Square Filtering; The Orthogonal Principle; Optimum Wiener and Kalman Filtering; State Estimation for Discrete and Continuous Stochastic Systems; Extended Kalman Filtering and Adaptive Kalman System. Recommended Books 1. Elements of Applied Stochastic Processes, Bhat, U.N., John Wiley, Latest Edition. 2. Stochastic Process with Applications, Bhattacharya, R.N. and E.C. and E.C. Waymire John Wiley, Latest Edition.

EE-111

DISCRETE STRUCTURES

Theory Cr Hrs 2 Lab Cr Hrs 1

Objectives
As approved by the University/Institution.

Course Contents
As approved by the University/Institution. Recommended Books As approved by the University/Institution. EE-XXX

MULTIVARIABLE CONTROL

Theory Cr Hrs 3 Lab Cr Hrs 1

Objectives
This advanced level course aims at defining multivariable control techniques.

Course Contents
Algebraic Functions Theory; Non-Properness in Closed Loop Systems; Skew Symmetric Matric Equations in MIMO Systems; Finite Hidden Modes and Causality; Decomposition of MIMO Systems; Stability Analysis of MIMO Systems; Additive 79

and Multiplicative Perturbations; MUDT Systems; Minimizing Conservativeness of Robustness; Frequency Assignment Problems; State Minimal Design; Pole Placement in MIMOs; LQRs and their Sensitivity Reduction; Two level Optimal Regulators; Canonical State-Space Model; Eigen Value Assignment, Feedback Deadbeat Control; State Observer. Recommended Books 1. Multivariable Feedback Design, Maciejowski, J.M., Addison Wesley, Latest Edition. EE-111

INTRODUCTION TO NON-LINEAR CONTROL

Theory Cr Hrs 2 Lab Cr Hrs 0

Objectives
As approved by the University/Institution.

Course Contents
As approved by the University/Institution. Recommended Books As approved by the University/Institution.

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Annex A
COURSES FOR SOCIAL SCIENCE
Sociology and Development
Objectives: The main objective of this course is to apprise potential engineers about social factors that contribute towards enhancing their professional performance for the good of society and the country. This course is culture specific and has to be taught within the context of local and national socio-economic environment. The engineers are expected to supervise several people in different capacities and their understanding about human behaviour is critical for their optimum performance. Modification of human behaviour or getting work done from sub-ordinates and seniors remain a major challenge for all the professional engineers. This course will enhance understanding about the determinants of human behaviour, which ultimately will result in improved individual efficiency.

Course Contents
1. Introduction to Sociology 1.1 What is sociology? 1.2 Nature, Scope, and Importance of Sociology 1.3 Social Interactions 1.4 Social Groups 1.5 Social Institutions 2. Culture and Related Concepts 2.1 Definition of Culture 2.2 Types of Culture 2.3 Elements of Culture 2.4 Role of Culture in Organization 2.5 Socialization and Personality 3. Interpersonal Relations 3.1 Interpersonal Behaviour 3.2 Formation of Personal Attitudes 3.3 Language and Communication 3.4 Motivations and Emotions 3.5 Public Opinion 4. Social Stratification 4.1 Factors of Social Stratification 4.2 Caste and class 4.3 Power, Prestige, and Authority 4.4 Social Mobility 4.5 Migration 5. Human Ecology 5.1 Ecological Processes 5.2 Ecosystem and energy 5.3 Ecosystem and Physical Environment 5.4 Solid Waste Disposal 5.5 Pollution
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6. Population Dynamics 6.1 World Population Growth and Distribution 6.2 Population Dynamics in Pakistan 6.3 Causes and Consequences of Urbanization 6.4 Population Policy in Pakistan 6.5 Population and Development 7. Community Development 7.1 Meaning, Scope, and Subject Matter of Community Development 7.2 Processes of Community Development 7.3 Community Development Programs in Pakistan 7.4 Community Organization and Related Services 7.5 Cooperation and Conflict in Community Development 8. Deviance and Crime 8.1 Crime as a Social and Cultural Phenomenon 8.2 Crime and Social Organization 8.3 Organized Crime 8.4 Culture Based Crime 8.5 Economics of Crime 9. Sociology of Change and Development 9.1 What is Social Change and Development? 9.2 Dynamics of Social Change 9.3 Role of NGOs in Development 9.4 World System and Development 9.5 Gender and Development Recommended Readings 1. Allport, G. W. (1985). The Historical Background of Modern Social Psychology. New York, Random House. 2. Bernard, A. and T. Burgess (2004). Sociology, Cambridge University Press. 3. DuBrin, A. J. (2007). Human Relations: Interpersonal Job Oriented Skills. New York, Prentice Hall. 4. Gardezi, H. N., Ed. (1991). Understanding Pakistan: The Colonial Factor in Societal Development. Lahore, Maktaba Fikr-o-Danish. 5. Hafeez, S. (1991). Changing Pakistan Society. Karachi, Royal Book Company. Gardezi, H. N., Ed. (1991). 6. Jones, G. W. (2005). "Why are Population and Development Issues not Given Priority?" Asia-Pasific Population Journal 20(1). 7. Macionis, J. J. (1999). Sociology 7th Edition, National Book Foundation, Islamabad 8. Maser, C. (1997). Sustainable Community Development: Principles and Concepts. Plorida St. Lucie Press. 9. Nelson, N. and S. Wright (1995). Power and Participatory Development: Theory and Practice. London, Intermediate Technology Publications. 10. Syed, S. H. (2003). The State of Migration and Multiculturalism in Pakistan: The Need for Policy and Strategy. Islamabad, UNESCO: 130. 11. Utton, A. E. (1976). Human Ecology, West View Press. 12. Webster, A. (1990). Introduction to Sociology of Development. London, Nacmillan Education Ltd.
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13. Weiss, A. M. (2001). Power and civil society in Pakistan, Oxford University press.

Social Anthropology
Objectives: The students are expected to learn anthropological skills for application by professional engineers and other related practitioners. Societal growth needs are to be understood within our own cultural environment. Such a body of applied knowledge will result in improving the professional performance of would-be engineers. As culture and society play an important role towards all human activities, this course will help students relate technical skills to the societal needs and requirements.

Course Contents
I Introduction 1. Anthropology and Social Anthropology 2. Fields of Anthropology 3. Anthropological Research Methods 4. Social Anthropology and other Social Sciences 5. Significance of Social Anthropology Culture 1. Definition, Properties and Taxomony 2. Evolution of Growth and Culture 3. Evolution of Man: Religious and Modern Perspectives 4. Evolution of Culture 5. Culture and Personality Evolution and Growth of Culture 1. Evolution of Man 2. Schools of Thought in Cultural Anthropology 3. Acculturation 4. Enculturation 5. Ethnocentrism and Xenocentrism Language and Culture Communication Structural Linguistics Historical Linguistics Relationship between Language and Culture Ethnography

II

III

IV

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Economic System 1. Global Economic System 2. The Allocation of Resources 3. The Conversion of Resources 4. The Distribution of Goods and Services 5. Poverty and Inequality
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VII

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Marriage and Family Marriage and Mate Selection The Family: Types and Functions Kinship System Structure and Function of Family Gender Relations

VIII

Political Organization 1. Political Sociology 2. Origin of Political Organization and Organizational System 3. Types of Political Organizations 4. Power Politics and Factionalism in Pakistan 5. Resolution of Conflict Religion and Magic 1. The Universality of Religion 2. Comparative Religions 3. Religion and Society 4. Religious Beliefs and Practices 5. Witchcraft and Sorcery Culture Change 1. Forms of Art 2. Expressive Culture 3. Process of Cultural Change 4. Cultural Change in the Modern World 5. Cultural Change in Pakistani society

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XI

Recommended Books 1. Ahmad, Akbar S. 1990. Pakistani Society, Karachi, Royal Books Co. 2. Bernard, H. Russel. 1994. Research Methods in Anthropology, Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. London: Sage Publications 3. Bodley, John H. 1994. Cultural Anthropology, California: Mayfield Publishing Co. 4. Brogger, Jan. 1993. Social Anthropology and the Lonely Crowd. New Delhi: Reliance Publishing 5. Ember, Carol R. & Ember Melvin. 2005. Anthropology, 11th ed. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall, Ince. Harper and Row 6. Harris Marvin. 1987. Cultural Anthropology. New York: Harper and Row 7. Harris Marvin. 1985. Culture, People, nature; An Introduction to General Anthropology London: Harper and Row 8. Haviland, W. A. (2005). Anthropology: The Human Challenge. New York, Thomson Learning Inc. 9. Hertzler J. O. 1981. The Social Structure of Islam. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10. Keesing, Roger m. 1998. Cultural Anthropology: A contemporary perspective. 3rd ed. New York: Harcourt Brace College Publishers. 11. Kottak, Conard Phillip. 2002. Anthropology: The Exploration of Human Diversity. 9th ed. Boston: McGraw Hill Higher Education. 12. Kennedy, Charles H. 1992. Pakistan London: Westview Press,. 13. Marron, Stanley. 1057. Pakistani Society and Culture. New Heaven
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14. Wilson,

Richard A. 1996. Human Rights, Culture and Context: Anthropological Perspective. London: Pluto Press.

Understanding Psychology and Human Behaviour


Course Contents 1. What is Psychology? Nature, Scope and Application with Special Reference to Pakistan Different Schools of Psychology Methods of Psychology Learning Intelligence and Artificial Intelligence Personality and its Assessment Understanding Maladjustive Behaviour Positive Emotional States and Processes Stress Management and Anger Management

Books Recommended Atkinson R.C., & Smith E.E. (2000), Introduction to Psychology (13th ed.), Harcourt Brace College Publishers. 2. Fernald, L.D., & Fernald, P.S. (2005), Introduction to Psychology, USA: WMC Brown Publishers. 3. Hergenhahn, B.R. (2001). An Introduction to the History of Psychology, New York: Wadsworth. 4. Goodwin, C.J, (2000) Research in Psychology: Methods and Design, (3rd ed.), New York: John Wiley & Sons. 5. Synder, C.R., & Lopez, S.J. (2007) Positive Psychology, USA, Sage Publications. 6. Allen, B.P. (1997), Personality Theories: Development, Growth and Diversity, (2nd Ed.), Boston: Allyn & Bacon. 7. Cohen, R.J., & Swerdlik, M.E. (2005) Psychological Testing & Assessment (6th ed.), New York: McGraw-Hill. 8. Corcini, R., (2000). Current Psychotherapies. London: Thompson & Co Publishers. 9. Comer, R.J. (2004). Abnormal Psychology, USA: Freeman & Company. 10. Schwartz, B., Wassernman, E., & Robbins, S. (2002), Psychology of Learning and Behaviour, 5th Ed. Norton and Company.
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Professional Psychology
Course Contents Introduction to Professional Psychology Psychological Testing Educational Psychology
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Industrial/Organizational Psychology Social Psychology Health Psychology Clinical Psychology Positive Psychology Legal, Ethical, and Professional Issues.

Books Recommended Crow, L., & Crow, A. (2000) Educational Psychology, New Delhi: Eurosia Publishing House Ltd. 2. Spiegel, P.K., & Koocher, G.P. (1998), Ethics in Psychology, New York: Oxford University Press 3. Snyder, C.R., & Lopes, S.J. (2000), Handbook of Positive Psychology, New York: Oxford University Press. 4. Compton, W.C. (2005), Introduction to Positive Psychology, USA, Thomson Wadsworth. 5. Debra, L.N. & James Compbell Quick, (2000) Organizational Behaviour (3rd ed), Cincinnat: South Western. 6. Fred Luthans, Alexander, D.S. & Edwin, A. Locke (2000) (Eds), Handbook of Principles of Organizational Behaviour, London: Blackwell. 7. Brannon, L.& Reist, J. (2000), Health Psychology: An Introduction to Behaviour and Health (4th ed.), USA Wadsworth. 8. Donohue, W. & Ferguson, K. (Eds), (2003), Handbook of Professional Ethics for Psychologists; Issues, Questions and Controversies, London: Sage Publications. 9. Meyers, D. (2005), Social Psychology, 8th Ed. McGraw Hill Inc. 10. Cooper, J. & Hogg, M. (2003) Handbook of Social Psychology, Sage Publications 11. Halgin, R.P., Whitbourne, S.K., & Halgin, R. (2004), Abnormal Psychology: Clinical Perspectives on Psychological Disorders, New York: McGraw Hill. 12. Thorndike R.L., & Hage, E.P. (1995), Measurement and Evaluation in Psychology and Education (4th Ed), New York, MacMillan.
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1.

Organizational Behaviour Course Contents


Introduction to Organizational Behaviour o Organizational Disciplines and topics o Psychological Perspective o Social-Psychological Perspectives Structure and Control in Organization o Introduction o Bureaucracy o Managerial Work o Contingency theory
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o Organizational Design Individual and Work Learning o Learning Theories o Learning and Work Stress o Types of Stress and Work o Occupational Stress Management Individual Differences o Personality and its factors o Personality dimensions and social learning o Intelligence Motivation and Job Satisfaction o Needs at Work o Theories of Motivation and job satisfaction o Correlates of Job satisfaction o Correlates of Job satisfaction Group and Work o Social Interaction o Dramaturgy and impression Management o Social Skill Group and Inter group Behaviour o Group Structure & Norms o Group Processes o How throne Studies Leadership o Leadership as an attribute o Leadership Style Patterns of Work o Work-the classical approach o Marx, Weber, & The critique of labor o Foucault & Disciplinary Power Conflict and Consent in Work o The labor Process debate o Work place control and resistance o Industrial conflict and industrial relations Organizational culture o Organizational culture and strategic management o Exploring organizational culture o Evaluating concept of culture
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Books Recommended: 1. Finchan, R., & Rhodes, P. (2003), Principles of Organizational Behaviour, 3rd Oxford. 2. Noe, R., Hollenbeck, J. Gerhart, B., & Wright, P. (2006), Human Resource Management, 5th ed., McGraw Hill. 3. Newstrom John W. (2007), Organizational Behaviour, (12th Ed), McGraw Hill. 4. Luthan Fred, (2005), Organizational Behaviour, McGraw Hill Inc. 5. Robins, Stephen, (2005), Organizational Behaviour, McGraw Hill Inc.
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INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLOGY

Course Contents
The Nature of Sociology o The study of social life o Exploring the global village o Sociology as a science o The Sociological imagination o The development of Sociology o Pioneers of Sociology o Nature, scope and subject matter of Sociology o Brief historical development of Sociology o Society and community o Relationship with other social sciences o Social Interaction Processes Social groups o Definition and functions o Types of social groups Social institutions o Definition o Structure and function of social institutions o Inter-relationships among various social institutions Culture and related concepts o Definition and aspects of culture o Elements of culture o Organization of culture o Other concepts, cultural relativism, sub cultures, ethnocentrism, culture lag Socialization and personality o Role and status o Socialization o Culture and personality
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Deviance and social control o Definition and types of deviance o Juvenile delinquency o Formal and information methods of social control Social stratification o Approach to study social stratification o Caste class and race as basics of social stratification Major perspectives in Sociology o Functionalist perspective o Conflict perspective o Interactionstic perspective Social Control and deviance o Agencies of social control Social stratification o Determinants of social stratification o Social mobility, types and definition o Dynamics of social mobility Concept of social movement o Theories of social movement o Social and cultural change Social and cultural change o Definition of social change o Dynamics of social change o Impact of globalization on society and culture o Resistance to change Collective behaviour o Definition o Characteristics o Causes o Types o Social movements o Mob and crowd behaviour Books Recommended 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Neulreck, Kenneth, J. 2005, Sociology: Diversity, Conflict and Change, Boston Barnard, Andy. 2004. Sociology, Cambridge University Press Giddens, Anthony, 2004, Sociology 4th edition, Cambridge Polity Press Albrow, Martin, 2003, Sociology, London Routledge. Richard, T. Schaefer, 2003, Sociology5th edition, McGraw Hill College Kendall, Diana, 2004. Sociology in our Times, 4th ed, Wadsworth Tyler Melissa, Wallace Claire & Abbott Pamela, 2005, An Introduction to Sociology, 3rd ed. Routledge.
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Critical Thinking

Course Contents
The Power of Critical Thinking o Claims and Reasons o Reasons and Arguments o Arguments in the Rough The Environment of Critical Thinking o Perils of Haunted Mind o Self and the Power of the Group o Subjective and Social Relativism o Skepticism Making Sense of Arguments o Arguments Basics o Patterns o Diagramming Arguments o Assessing Long Arguments Reasons for Belief and Doubt o Conflict Experts and Evidence o Personal Experience o Fooling Ourselves o Claims in the News Faulty Reasoning o Irrelevant Premises o Genetic Fallacy, Composition, Division o Appeal to the Person, Equivocation, Appeal to Popularity o Appeal to Tradition, Appeal to Ignorance, Appeal to Emotion o Red Herring, Straw Man Unacceptable Premises o Begging the Question, False Dilemma o Slippery Slope, Hasty Generalization o Faulty Analogy Deductive Reasoning: Propositional Logic o Connectives and Truth Values o Conjunction, Disjunction, Negation o Conditional, Checking for Validity o Simple Arguments, Tricky Arguments o Streamlined Evaluation Deductive Reasoning: Categorical Logic o Statements and Classes o Translations and Standard Form o Terms, Quantifiers o Diagramming Categorical Statements o Sizing up Categorical Syllogisms
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Inductive Reasons o Enumerative Induction o Sample Size, Representativeness, Opinion Polls o Analogical Induction o Casual Arguments, Testing for Causes o Casual Confusions Inference to the Best Explanation o Explanations and Inference o Theories and Consistency o Theories and Criteria o Testability, Fruitfulness, Scope, Simplicity o Conservatism Judging Scientific Theories o Science and Not Science o The Scientific method, Testing Scientific Theories o Judging Scientific Theories o Copernicus versus Ptolemy, Evolution Versus Creationism o Science and Weird Theories o Making Weird Mistakes o Leaping to the Weirdest Theory, Mixing What Seems with What is o Misunderstanding the Possibilities o Judging Weird Theories o Crop Circles, Talking with the Dead BOOKS RECOMMENDED 1. 2. 3. Vaughn Lewis, 2005, The Power of Critical Thinking, Oxford University Press. Paulsen David W., Cederblom Jerry:2000, Critical Reasoning, Wadsworth Restall Greg. 2005, Logic: An Introduction, Routledge

Introduction To Philosophy Course Contents


Definition and Nature of Philosophy Theory of Knowledge o Opinion and Knowledge o Plato, the Republic Selection o Knowledge through Reason o Descartes Meditation on First Philosophy o Knowledge through Experience o Hume an Inquiry concerning Human Understanding (Selection) o Experience Structured by the Mind o Kant Critique of Pure Reason (Selection o Knowing and Doing
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o James Pragmatism (Selection) o Knowledge and Emotion o Jaggar Love and Knowledge (Selection) Philosophy of Religion o Proving that Existence of God o Anselm, Aquinas, Paley, Dawkins (Selection) o Justifying Religious Beliefs o Pascal Pensees (Selection) o James The will to Believe Selection o Freud the Future of An Illusion (Selection) o Confronting the Problems of Evil o Mackie Evil and Omnipotence (Complete) o Hick Philosophy of Religion (Selection) Metaphysics o Idealism and Materialism o Berkeley Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Pholonous (Selection) o Armstrong Naturalism, Materialism and First Philosophy (Selection) o The Mid-Body Problem o Descartes Meditations on First Philosophy (Selection) o OHear Introduction to the Philosophy of Science (Selection) o Dennett The Origins of Selves (Complete) o Pali Canon (Selection) o Penelhum Religion and Rationality (Selection) Freedom to Choose o Libertarianism o James The Dilemma of Determinism (Selection) o Taylor Metaphysics (Selection) o Determinism o Hospers Meaning and Free Will (Selection) o Skinner Walden Two (Selection) o Compatibilism o Stace Religion and the Modern Mind (Selection) o Radhakrishnan Indian Philosophy (Selection) Ethics o Fulfilling Human Nature o Aristotle Nicomachean Ethics (selection) o Loving God o Augustine The Morals of the Catholic Church and the City of God (Selection) o Following Natural Law o Aquinas Summa Theologiae (Selection) o Doing Ones Duty o Kant Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysics of Morals (Selection) o Maximizing Utility
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o Mill Utilitarianism (Selection) o Turning Values of Upside Down o Nietzsche Human, All too Human and Beyond Good and Evil (Selection) o Creating Ourselves o Sartre Existentialism is a Humanism (Selection) o Hearing the Feminine Voice o Gilligan In a Different Voice (Selection) o Baier What do Women Want in a Moral Theory (Selection) Political and Social Philosophy o The State as Natural o Plato the Republic (Selection) o Aristotle Politics (Selection) o The State as a Social Contract o Hobbes Philosophical Rudiments Concerning Government and Society (Selection) o Locke the Second Treatise of Government (Selection) o Liberty of the Individual o Mill On Liberty (Selection) o Alienation in Capitalism o Marx Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844 (Selection) o Justice and Social Trust o Rawls A Theory of Justice (Selection) o Nozick Anarchy, State, and Utopia (Selection) o Held Rights and Goods (Selection) o Women in Society o Wollstonecraft A Vindication of the Rights of Women (Selection) o De Behaviour The Second Sex (Selection) o The Value of Philosophy o Russel The Problems of Philosophy (Selection) o Midgley Philosophical Plumbing (Selection)

BOOKS RECOMMENDED 1. Abel Donald C., Stumpf Samuel Enoch, 2002. Elements of Philosophy: An Introduction, 4th Ed. McGraw Hill. 2. Scruton Roger, 2001. A short History of Modern Philosophy, 2nd ed. Routledge.
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MANAGEMENT COURSES
Entrepreneurship
Objective:
Entrepreneurship is an important component in the process of economic development. The purpose of this course is to analyse the theories of entrepreneurship and to go for case studies of successful entrepreneurs.

Course Contents:
Introduction: The concept of entrepreneurship, The economist view of
entrepreneurship, The sociologist Entrepreneurship and Management view, Behavioural approach,

The Practice of Entrepreneurship: The process of entrepreneurship,


Entrepreneurial Management, The entrepreneurial Entrepreneurship in service institutions, The new venture business,

Entrepreneurship and Innovation: The innovation concepts, Importance


of innovation for entrepreneurship, Sources of innovative opportunities, The innovation process, Risks involved in innovation

Developing Entrepreneur: Entrepreneurial profile, Trait approach to


understanding entrepreneurship, Factors influencing entrepreneurship, The environment, Socio cultural factors, Support systems

Entrepreneurship Organization: Team work, Networking organization,


Motivation and compensation, Value system

Entrepreneurship and SMES: Defining SMEs, Scope of SMEs,


Entrepreneurial, managers of SME, Financial and marketing problems of SMEs

Entrepreneurial Marketing: Framework for developing entrepreneurial


marketing, Devising entrepreneurial marketing marketing strategies, Product quality and design plan, Entrepreneurial

Entrepreneurship and Economic Development: Role of entrepreneur


in the economic development generation of services, Employment creation and training, Ideas, knowledge and skill development, The Japanese experience

Case Studies of Successful Entrepreneurs Text Books:

Paul Burns and Jim Dew Hurst: Small Business and Entrepreneurship P.N. Singh: Entrepreneurship fo0r Economic Growth
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Peter F. Drucker: Innovation and Entrepreneurship Peter F. Drucker John B. Miner: Entrepreneurial Success

Principles of Management
Objectives:
This is a rudimentary course for the students of business administration. The focus of attention will be given to learning fundamental principles of management and of managing people and organization in a historical as well as contemporary world. Students are expected to develop analytical and conceptual framework of how people are managed in small, medium and large public and private national and international organizations.

Course Contents:
Introduction, overview and scope of discipline The evolution and emergence of management thought Management functions Planning concepts, objectives, strategies and policies Decision making Organizing; departmentalization, line/staff authority, commitments and group decision making Staffing: principles of selection, performance, career planning Leading: Motivation, leadership, communication Controlling: the system and process and techniques of controlling Management and Society: future perspective

Text Books:
Stephen P. Robins, Mary Coulter: Management H. Koontz Odonnel and H. Weihrich: Management Mc Farland: Management: Foundation and Practice Robert M. Fulmer: The New Management

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RECOMMENDATIONS FOR THE UNDERGRADUATE PROGRAMME


In order to meet the objectives, the committee recommends the following: 1. The entire curriculum should cover a set of core courses (essential for Electrical Engineering degree), and a set of electives from the following specializations: a) Electronic Engineering b) Telecommunication Engineering c) Power Engineering d) Computer Engineering e) Control Systems Engineering The core courses are recommended to be made compulsory in all Universities of Pakistan and a set of electives may be chosen to fulfill the complete curriculum requirement. The electives proposed by the Committee may not be considered as complete. Universities may introduce additional electives in the given list to meet their specific requirements on the recommendations of their own faculty. However, for a student to get BE/B.Sc. degree in a particular specialization, he must take 6 8 courses from that specialization. The text books recommended for some subjects may not be considered mandatory. These books are meant as a guideline only. However, books should be of the latest edition. The faculty members teaching the courses should encourage design and independent thought in the students. This can be achieved by arranging good quality text books and coupling each course with computer simulation exercises and mini-projects, where possible. The theory taught in the class should be supplemented with adequate lab work in the courses which carry the credit hours for the lab work. In the labs the students should be split in groups of maximum of three students. To implement this, the universities should take necessary measures for the enhancement of infrastructures, facilities, faculty and technical support staff. Field training is recommended for all engineering students. The duration of this training is recommended to be of 6 weeks. Furthermore, it is recommended that this training may be held in the summer break of 3rd or 4th academic year.
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3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

Occasional industrial visits for final year students may be arranged. The students may be asked to submit reports with emphasis on application of the theory witnessed during the visit. In order to promote university-industry relationship, the attachment of faculty with industries should be facilitated for appropriate length of time. The students should be assigned self learning exercises to develop self confidence and a sense of learning.

8. 9.

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10.

The final year project should involve analysis, design and practical work. The successful completion of this project must continue to be essential for the fulfillment of the requirements for the B.Sc./B.E. Electrical Engineering degree. Opportunities to enhance teamwork, written and oral communication, and self-learning skills should also be available across the curriculum. Students may be encouraged to promote the profession and develop leadership skills through involvement in honorary and professional societies, and participation in laboratory and design project activities. The faculty should have a strong student counseling program, which will facilitate individual contact with students to help them make sound academic decisions and understand the purpose of their education and the profession. The universities/institutions following the Annual System of education should make an effort to acquire essential resources for switching over to the Semester System of education as specified in this document. However, till such time they may continue with the Annual System ensuring that the contents of the courses as specified in this document are covered in appropriate form.

11.

12.

13.

14.

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COURSES RECOMMENDED FOR M.Eng./M.Sc./M.E. IN ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING


The recommended courses for M.Eng./M.Sc./M.E. programmes in Electrical Engineering with specialization in Power Systems, Electrical Machines and Power Electronics, Control Systems and Telecommunication are given below. The individual universities/institutions should design the programmes keeping in view the demand vis--vis the available faculty and facilities. The curriculum/syllabus should be approved by the individual university/institution following the procedure in practice.

1.

POWER SYSTEMS
i. ii. iii. iv. v. vi. vii. viii. ix. x. xi. xii. xiii. xiv. xv. xvi. High Voltage Engineering Power System Circuit Breakers and Sub-Stations Power System Analysis Power System Transmission Power System Distribution Power System Reliability Power System Protection Insulation Coordination in Power System Economic Power Dispatch Electric and Magnetic Fields Power System Control Energy Management Power System Stability Computer Methods in Power System Analysis Power Quality Renewable Energy Systems

2.

ELECTRICAL MACHINES AND POWER ELECTRONICS


i. ii. iii. iv. v. vi. vii. viii. ix. x. xi. Control of DC Machines and Drives Control of A.C. Machines and Drives Power Evaluation Drives Power Electronic Devices Power Electronics Converters Modeling and Simulation of Converters Switch Mode Power Supplies Modeling and Simulation of Electrical Machines Special Electrical Machines Electrical Machine Design Advanced Control Systems

3.

CONTROL SYSTEMS
i. ii. iii. iv. v. vi. vii. viii. ix. x. xi. Linear Control Systems Non-Linear Control Systems Linear Multivariable Control Theory Control System Optimization Optimal Control Systems Random Variables and Stochastic Processes Stochastic Processes in Electrical Engineering Estimation Theory Adaptive Control Systems Stochastic Control Digital Control Systems 98

xii. xiii. xiv.

Dynamics of Robots Introduction to Chaos Theory Chaos Theory & Fractals

4.

TELECOMMUNICATION
i. ii. iii. iv. v. vi. vii. viii. ix. x. xi. xii. xiii. xiv. xv. xvi. xvii. Probability and Random Processes Communication Systems Information Theory & Coding Digital Communication Theory Communication Networks Microwave Systems Advanced Concepts and Applications of Radar Global Positioning and Inertial Navigation Systems Digital Signal Processing Mobile Telephone Systems Signal Detection and Estimation Electro-optics Optical Fiber Communication Satellite Communication Radio Wave Propagation Image and Video Processing Wide Band Communication

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RECOMMENDATIONS FOR THE POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMME


Due to the variation in expertise and facilities available in different universities of Pakistan, a more flexible type of Masters Degree programme is recommended as follows: 1. The course titles of the M.Engg. /M.Sc. /M.E in Electrical Engineering with specialization in Power Engineering, Electrical Machines and Power Electronics, Control Systems, and Telecommunication have been outlined. The details of course contents, structure, and requirement of programs is the responsibility of the individual university according to the suitability and needs. Masters level programme may be run in the evening and qualified faculty members may be employed on part time basis. The programme may be run either by course work only or by course work and a dissertation, or by research only. Universities may offer as many options as appropriate. The laboratory work may be associated with the courses where necessary. The dissertation, where applicable is a partial requirement to be fulfilled along with the necessary course work except the thesis based on research only. The dissertation shall be assigned to the students on individual basis and not to a group of students. In evaluating the students an appropriate grading system may be followed. Sessional marks may be awarded in each course on the basis of tests, assignments, etc. The total number of credit hours required for the award of the degree shall be decided by the university offering the programme. Minimum 75% attendance is mandatory for appearance in the examination. The minimum duration for the programme shall be two years and maximum five years. The program may also be run in the day time where enough resources are available.

2. 3.

4. 5.

6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12.

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