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MEDUIM VOLTAGE CABLE SIZING

1- Assumptions:
1.1 Minimum cable size for Meduim Voltage feeders is 50 sq.mm
1.2 Circuit breaker tripping time on short circuit is 200ms.
1.3 Constant reflecting conductor material constant and temperature rise during
short circuit condition is 143 for XLPE.
1.4 As per client requirement, cable sizes above 185 sq.mm shall be single
core installed in trefoil.
1.5 Starting current for medium voltage motors are equals to 5 times the full load current.
2- References:
2.1 Electrical design basis specification no.. 24613-200-3DR-E12F-00001.
2.2 PIRELLI Cables catalogue for 300V-33000V cables
3- Calculations
3.1 Medium Voltage Cable size based on short circuit current check:
Table below reflects the designed cable sizes for diffirent effective short
circuit current values.
Ieffective
(KA)
10
16
20
25
31.5
40
50
65
80

Cable C.S.A (mm2)


calculated designed
31.27
3x50
50.04
3x70
62.55
3x70
78.18
3x95
98.51
3x120
125.09
3x150
156.37
3x185
203.28
3(1x240)
250.19
3(1x300)

CB opening

XLPE

time (sec)

CONST

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

143
143
143
143
143
143
143
143
143

3.2 Medium Voltage cable size based on current carrying capacity check:
Table below reflects the designed cable sizes based on the maximum
premissible current through the MV cable after consideration of de-rating factor.
cable size
(sq.mm)
3 x 50
3 x 70
3 x 95
3 x 120
3 x 150
3 x 185
3(1 x 240)
3(1 x 300)

Ic in air
(Amps)
220
270
330
375
430
490
650
740

De-rating
Factor
0.683
0.683
0.683
0.683
0.683
0.683
0.683
0.683

Imax
(Amps)
150.26
184.41
225.39
256.125
293.69
334.67
443.95
505.42

3.3 Medium Voltage power feeder cable size based on voltage drop check:
a) Table below reflects the designed cable sizes based on the maximum
premissible voltage drop for the medium voltage power feeders.
cable size
(sq.mm)
3 x 50
3 x 70
3 x 95
3 x 120
3 x 150
3 x 185
3(1 x 240)
3(1 x 300)

R
(uohm/m)
494
343
248
196
159
128
98
80

X
Voltage
(uohm/m) (kVolts)
107
3.3
101
3.3
95.3
3.3
92.2
3.3
89.9
3.3
87.3
3.3
105
3.3
103
3.3

Power FLC Cable lengthVoltage


Factor (Amps)(meter) Drop
0.8
0.00
0.8
0.00
0.8
0.00
0.8
0.00
0.8
0.00
0.8
0.00
0.8
790
150
0.88
0.8
0.00

b) Table below reflects the designed cable sizes based on the maximum
premissible voltage drop for the medium voltage motor feeders.
cable size R

PF

PF

FLC

(sq.mm)

(uohm/m)

(uohm/m)

Running

Starting

(Amps) (meter)

3 x 50
3 x 70
3 x 95
3 x 120
3 x 150
3 x 185
3(1 x 240)
3(1 x 300)

494
343
248
196
159
128
98
80

107
101
95.3
92.2
89.9
87.3
105
103

0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8

0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3

VoltageV. Drop V. Drop

Cable length
Ist

136

500

500

1000

790

100

(%Ifl)

(kVolts) Running

5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5

3.3
3.3
3.3
3.3
3.3
3.3
3.3
3.3

0.00
1.20
0.00
5.57
0.00
0.00
0.59
0.00

Starting

0.000
3.556
0.000
19.256
0.000
0.000
2.686
0.000