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Tekla Structures Product version 17.0 December 2010 © 2010 Tekla Corporation Detailing Guide

Tekla Structures

Product version 17.0 December 2010

© 2010 Tekla Corporation

Detailing Guide

© 2010 Tekla Corporation and its licensors. All rights reserved.

This Software Manual has been developed for use with the referenced Software. Use of the Software, and use of this Software Manual are governed by a License Agreement. Among other provisions, the License Agreement sets certain warranties for the Software and this Manual, disclaims other warranties, limits recoverable damages, defines permitted uses of the Software, and determines whether you are an authorized user of the Software. All information set forth in this manual is provided with the warranty set forth in the License Agreement. Please refer to the License Agreement for important obligations and applicable limitations and restrictions on your rights. Tekla does not guarantee that the text is free of technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Tekla reserves the right to make changes and additions to this manual due to changes in the software or otherwise.

In addition, this Software Manual is protected by copyright law and by international treaties. Unauthorized reproduction, display, modification, or distribution of this Manual, or any portion of it, may result in severe civil and criminal penalties, and will be prosecuted to the full extent permitted by law.

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D-Cubed 2D DCM © 2008 Siemens Industry Software Limited. All rights reserved.

EPM toolkit © 1995-2004 EPM Technology a.s., Oslo, Norway. All rights reserved.

XML parser © 1999 The Apache Software Foundation. All rights reserved.

Project Data Control Library © 2006 - 2007 DlhSoft. All rights reserved.

DWGdirect, DGNdirect and OpenDWG Toolkit/Viewkit libraries © 1998-2005 Open Design Alliance. All rights reserved.

FlexNet Copyright © 2010 Flexera Software, Inc. and/or InstallShield Co. Inc. All Rights Reserved. This product contains proprietary and confidential technology, information and creative works owned by Flexera Software, Inc. and/or InstallShield Co. Inc. and their respective licensors, if any. Any use, copying, publication, distribution, display, modification, or transmission of such technology in whole or in part in any form or by any means without the prior express written permission of Flexera Software, Inc. and/or InstallShield Co. Inc. is strictly prohibited. Except where expressly provided by Flexera Software, Inc. and/or InstallShield Co. Inc. in writing, possession of this technology shall not be construed to confer any license or rights under any Flexera Software, Inc. and/or InstallShield Co. Inc. intellectual property rights, whether by estoppel, implication, or otherwise.

The software is protected by U.S. Patent Nos. 7,302,368 and 7,617,076. Also elements of the software described in this Manual may be the subject of pending patent applications in the European Union and/or other countries including U.S. patent applications 2004267695, 2005285881, 20060004841, 20060136398, 20080189084, and 20090189887.

Conventions used in this guide

Typographical

The following typographical conventions are used in this guide:

conventions

 

Font

Usage

Bold

Any text that you see in the user interface appears in bold. This font is used, for example, for window and dialog box titles, box and button names, and list items.

Italic bold

New terms are in italic bold when they appear in the current context for the first time.

Monospace

Extracts of program code, HTML, or other material that you would normally edit in a text editor, appear in monospaced font.

This font is also used for file names and folder paths, and for any text that you should type yourself.

Noteboxes

The following types of noteboxes are used in this guide:

A tip might introduce a shortcut, or suggest alternative ways of doing

A

tip might introduce a shortcut, or suggest alternative ways of doing

things.

A note draws attention to details that you might easily overlook. It can

A

note draws attention to details that you might easily overlook. It can

also point you to other information in this guide that you might find

 

useful.

You should always read very important notes and warnings , like this one. They will

You should always read very important notes and warnings, like this one. They will help you avoid making serious mistakes, or wasting your time.

This symbol indicates advanced or highly technical information that

This symbol indicates advanced or highly technical information that

is

usually of interest only to advanced or technically-oriented readers.

Contents

 

Conventions used in this guide

3

1

Getting Started

9

1.1 Basics of components

9

Component concepts

10

Component dialog box

11

Selection order

13

Up direction

13

Automatic and default properties

14

General tab

15

Design and Design type tabs

16

1.2 Component catalog

17

Using the component catalog

18

Symbols

19

Pop-up menus

20

Thumbnail images

21

Descriptions and keywords

21

Grouping components

22

Copying components to another folder

22

Customizing and saving components

22

1.3 Using components

23

Creating components

24

Example: Adding an end plate

24

Example: Adding a base plate and anchor rods

25

Example: Adding a beam to column connection

26

Viewing components

27

Modifying components

27

Conceptual components

27

Converting a conceptual component to a detailed component

28

Tips on working with components

29

1.4 Defining parts and plates

29

Using the dialog box

29

Dimensioning parts

30

Plates

30

Beams

30

Part position number

31

Using the Components tab

31

Defining materials

32

Using the Components tab

33

1.5 Defining bolts and welds

33

Using the Bolts tab

33

Defining bolts

35

Increasing bolt length

35

Creating holes

35

Number of bolts and spacing

36

Bolt group orientation

36

Bolt group pattern

37

Edge distance

37

Bolt position

37

Vertical bolt position

38

Horizontal bolt position

38

Defining slotted holes

39

Deleting bolts

40

Defining bolt assemblies

41

Welds

41

1.6 AutoConnection

42

Using AutoConnection

42

1.7 AutoDefaults

45

Using AutoDefaults

45

How to use AutoDefaults effectively

46

Checking AutoDefaults properties

46

Checking AutoDefaults rules

46

1.8 Using the joints.def file

46

About joints.def

47

How joints.def works

47

How to read joints.def

47

Entering values

48

Connections that use joints.def

48

Defining general defaults

48

Defining bolt diameter and number of rows

50

Clip angle, shear plate, and end plate connections

50

Gusset connections

50

Diagonal connections

51

Defining other bolt and part properties

51

Gusset connection properties

52

Diagonal connection properties

55

Profile type-dependent bolt dimensions

56

 

How Tekla Structures uses joints.def

57

1.9

Using Excel in connection design

58

Setting up Excel files

59

Sample implementation

59

Indicating component status

62

2 Custom Components

65

2.1 Defining custom components

66

Exploding components

66

Defining a custom component

66

Custom component types

70

Custom component basic properties

72

Custom components in a new Tekla Structures version

73

2.2 Editing custom components

73

Custom component editor

74

Custom component browser

76

2.3 Defining variables

78

Creating distance variables

79

Creating reference distances

81

Using magnetic construction planes

84

Creating parameter variables

85

Creating parameters that use formulae

86

2.4 Functions to use in formulas

87

Arithmetic operators

87

Logical statement

88

Reference function

88

Mathematical functions

89

Statistical functions

90

Data type conversions

91

String operations

91

Trigonometric functions

93

Framing condition functions

93

2.5 Defining custom component properties

95

Adding an option to create parts

95

Defining bolt size and standard

96

Defining bolt group location

97

Replacing a sub-component

99

Changing the properties file

101

Defining meshes in custom components

102

Creating surface treatments in custom components

105

2.6 Managing and using custom components

105

 

Custom component dialog box

105

Customizing the dialog box

107

Changing the order of fields

108

Changing the location of fields

108

Renaming tabs

109

Adding more tabs

109

Adding pictures

110

Preventing modifications

110

Using a custom component

111

Managing custom components

111

Exporting and importing

112

Protecting custom components with passwords

113

Performing actions on custom components

113

Using Excel with custom components

114

Using ASCII files with custom component

114

Tips on working with custom components

115

2.7

Custom components reference

116

Detailing > Component > Define Custom Component

117

Position type

119

Display variables

120

Browser

124

Plane types

125

Construction plane

126

Custom component settings

127

Create distance

128

Create reference distance

129

Automatic distances

130

3 Reinforcement

133

3.1 Getting started with reinforcement

133

3.2 Basic reinforcement properties

134

Hooks

135

Concrete cover

137

Spacing reinforcing bars

138

Omitting reinforcing bars

138

User-defined attributes of reinforcement

139

Meshes

139

3.3 Working with reinforcement

140

Placing reinforcement

140

Attaching reinforcement to parts

141

Modifying reinforcement

141

Changing reinforcement shape

141

 

Using reinforcement handles

142

Using adaptivity

143

Ungrouping a reinforcement

145

Grouping reinforcements

147

Adding points to a reinforcement

148

Removing points from a reinforcement

149

Splitting reinforcing bar groups

150

Splitting reinforcing bars in a group

150

Combining two reinforcing bars or reinforcing bar groups into one

150

Exploding reinforcement

150

Reinforcement geometry validity

151

Conceptual reinforcements

151

Converting conceptual reinforcements to detailed reinforcements

151

Customizing reinforcement meshes

151

Defining custom reinforcement components

153

3.4

Single bars, bar groups, and meshes

154

Reinforcing bar

155

Reinforcing bar group

156

Curved reinforcing bar group

158

Circular reinforcing bar group

160

Reinforcement mesh

161

Reinforcement strand pattern

163

Reinforcement splice

166

4 Reinforcing bar bending types

4.1 Reinforcement in templates

5 User-defined reinforcing bar bending shapes

167

188

191

5.1 Defining your own reinforcing bar bending shapes

191

5.2 Defining rules for reinforcing bar bending shapes manually

193

Reinforcing bar bending shape rule settings

193

1 Getting Started
1
Getting Started

Introduction

Once you have created a frame of parts in your Tekla Structures model, you will need to connect those parts to complete the model. Tekla Structures contains a wide range of components that you can use to automate the process of creating a model.

This chapter explains the basics about components - what they are and how to create them using Tekla Structures. We will begin with the basic concepts, followed by a general description of components properties. Finally, we will show you how to use components in practice.

Contents

This chapter is divided into the following topics:

Basics of components (p. 9)

Component catalog (p. 17)

Using components (p. 23)

Defining parts and plates (p. 29)

Defining bolts and welds (p. 33)

AutoConnection (p. 42)

AutoDefaults (p. 45)

Using the joints.def file (p. 46)

Using Excel in connection design (p. 58)

1.1 Basics of components

Introduction

Components are tools that you can use to automatically create the parts, welds, and bolts required to connect parts. They are linked to main parts, so, when you modify a main part, the associated component also changes.

Benefits

The main benefits of working with components are:

1. You can save the properties of a component using an easily-identifiable name and keep it for future use. For example, you could save the properties of a W12x65 column base plate connection as W12x65.j*, and use it for several projects.

2. When you modify the size of a profile, Tekla Structures automatically modifies the relevant components.

3. When you copy or move objects, Tekla Structures automatically includes all the associated components.

Topics

Component concepts (p. 10)

Component catalog (p. 17)

Component dialog box (p. 11)

Selection order (p. 13)

Up direction (p. 13)

Automatic and default properties (p. 14)

General tab (p. 15)

Design and Design type tabs (p. 16)

Component concepts

Components are tools that automate tasks and group objects so that Tekla Structures treats them as a single unit. Components adapt to changes in the model, so that Tekla Structures automatically modifies a component if you modify the parts it connects.

This is an example of how to apply a connection:

connects. This is an example of how to apply a connection: Select the main part. Select

Select the main part.connects. This is an example of how to apply a connection: Select the secondary part. To

Select the secondary part.example of how to apply a connection: Select the main part. To see information about the

To see information about the connection, click the connection symbol.connection: Select the main part. Select the secondary part. The connection automatically creates the required parts,

The connection automatically creates the required parts, fittings, bolts, etc. creates the required parts, fittings, bolts, etc.

Component types

Components have the following subtypes:

Componen

     

t type

Description

Examples

Symbol

Connection

Connects two or more parts, and creates all the required objects such as cuts, fittings, parts, bolts, and welds.

Two-sided clip

two or more parts, and creates all the required objects such as cuts, fittings, parts, bolts,

angle, bolted

gusset.

Corbel connection

 

(14)

 

Detail

Adds a detail or a reinforcement to a main part. A detail is only connected to one part. When you create a detail, Tekla Structures prompts you to select a part, followed by a point to locate the detail.

Stiffeners, base

a detail, Tekla Structures prompts you to select a part, followed by a point to locate

plates, lifting

hooks

Beam

reinforcement, pad

 

footing

 

reinforcement

Modeling

Automatically creates and assembles the parts to build a structure, but does not connect the structure to existing parts. Modeling tools can include connections and details.

Stairs, frames,

does not connect the structure to existing parts. Modeling tools can include connections and details. Stairs,

tool

towers

System and

custom

components

See also

Tekla Structures contains hundreds of system components by default. You can also create your own components, custom components. They have following subtypes:

connection

detail

part

seam

All components are stored in the Component catalog (p. 17). To open the component catalog, use the keyboard shortcut Ctrl + F.

Custom Components (p. 65)

Exploding components (p. 66)

Component dialog box

The component dialog box is in two sections.

Upper part

Use the upper section of the dialog box to save and load predefined settings. For more information, see Save, Load, Save as buttons. For some components the upper section also contains buttons for accessing the bolt, weld and DSTV dialog boxes.

For information on handling the saved properties, see Connection properties files.

Tabs Tekla Structures uses the automatic property value The parts the component creates appear in

TabsTekla Structures uses the automatic property value The parts the component creates appear in yellow

Tekla Structures uses the automatic property value automatic property value

The parts the component creates appear in yellowTabs Tekla Structures uses the automatic property value The green symbol indicates the correct direction for

The green symbol indicates the correct direction for the connection or detail.value The parts the component creates appear in yellow The parts you select appear in blue.

The parts you select appear in blue.the correct direction for the connection or detail. Lower part Tekla Structures uses the default property

Lower part

Tekla Structures uses the default property valueor detail. The parts you select appear in blue. Lower part The lower section of the

The lower section of the dialog box is divided into tabs. This is where you define the properties of the parts and bolts that the component creates. The most common tabs that appear here are:

Picture illustrates the component. It shows just one example, but you can usually use one component in many situations.

Parts is where you define the properties of the parts the component creates

Parameters is where you set parameters to control the component (for example, for stiffeners, end plates, chamfers, etc.)

Bolts is where you define the number of bolts and their edge distances

General is where you define the direction of the connection or detail and AutoDefaults rules

See also

Defining parts and plates (p. 29)

Defining bolts and welds (p. 33)

Selection order

To create a connection you need to select or pick existing parts or points. The default selection order for a connection is:

1. Main part

2. Secondary part(s)

3. If there is more than one secondary part, click the middle mouse button to finish selecting parts and create the connection.

Some connection dialog boxes illustrate the selection order for parts using numbers, as shown below. Select the parts in the order shown in the picture:

below. Select the parts in the order shown in the picture: Details The default selection order

Details

The default selection order for a detail is:

1. Main part.

2. A point in the main part to show the location of the detail.

Modeling tools

The default picking order for a modeling tool is:

1. Pick one to three point(s) to show the location of the objects the modeling tool creates.

Up direction

The up direction of a connection or a detail indicates how the connection is rotated around the secondary part, relative to the current work plane. If there are no secondary parts, Tekla Structures rotates the connection around the main part. The options are: +x, -x, +y, -y, +z, -z.

The Picture tab in the dialog box shows the up direction Tekla Structures will use. Tekla Structures also indicates the up direction in the connection symbol:

Manually defining

up direction

Manually defining up direction To manually define the up direction: 1. Double-click the connection symbol to

To manually define the up direction:

1. Double-click the connection symbol to open the connection dialog box.

2. On the General tab, change the x, y, or z direction. Try positive directions first.

3. Click Modify to use the new values.

Automatic and default properties

Some connection dialog boxes contain list boxes that show property options as graphics. You can select system defaults, AutoDefaults, or have Tekla Structures automatically set the properties.

System default

properties

If you leave fields in connection dialog boxes blank, Tekla Structures uses the system default properties. Manual entries, default, automatic and properties in the joints.def file, all override these system defaults. You cannot change system default properties.

Default and

automatic

properties

See also

General tab

Icon

Description

More information

To have Tekla Structures use a default property in a connection, select the option marked

To have Tekla Structures use a default property in a connection, select the option marked with this symbol.

Using AutoDefaults (p. 45)

If you use AutoDefaults for the connection, Tekla Structures uses the property defined in the AutoDefaults rules. If you are not using AutoDefaults, Tekla Structures creates the connection using the system default property.

If AutoDefaults have been used, the actual picture in the default option does not necessairly match the outcome.

To have Tekla Structures automatically determine which option to use for a property, select the

To have Tekla Structures automatically determine which option to use for a property, select the option marked with this symbol.

 

Example, Boomerang bracing connection (60):

  Example, Boomerang bracing connection (60): Use the Automatic option on the Gussetbolt1 tab to have

Use the Automatic option on the Gussetbolt1 tab to have Tekla Structures determine how the clip angle is connected to the gusset plate and beam.

Using the joints.def file (p. 46)

Connections and details have the same General tab. It contains the following properties:

Field

Description

More information

Up direction

Rotates the connection around the secondary part or detail around the main part.

The fields next to the image define rotation angle around the x- and y-axis of the secondary. The upper one is for y- and the lower one for x.

Up direction (p. 13)

is for y- and the lower one for x. Up direction (p. 13) Position in Available

Position in

Available only for details. Select a checkbox next to the images to indicate the position of the definition point of the detail, relative to the main part.

Use the Horizontal offset and

 

relation to

primary part

Vertical offset fields to define the horizontal and vertical alignment of the detail, relative to the main part.

Locked

Prevents modifications.

Locking objects

Class

A number given to all parts the connection creates. You can use class to define the color of parts in the model.

Color settings for parts

Connection

Identifies the connection. Tekla Structures can display this connection code in connection marks in drawings.

 

code

AutoDefaults

Automatically sets connection properties according to the selected rule group. To switch AutoDefaults off, select the rule group None.

Using AutoDefaults (p.

Rule Group

45)

AutoConnectio n Rule Group

Automatically switches the connection to another according to the selected rule group.

 

Design and Design type tabs

Some component dialog boxes include a Design tab, others include a Design type tab. Use the options on these pages to check if the component will bear the UDL (uniform distributed load), according to AISC (ASD) specifications. This design check is intended for use with imperial units.

The Design tab also contains options to:

Use AutoDefaults rule groups to automatically modify component properties to take the calculated load. To define which AutoDefaults rule group to use, go to the General tab and select the rule in the AutoDefaults rule group list box.

For more information, see Reaction forces and UDL.

Use information in an Excel spreadsheet to check connection design and automatically update component properties to bear the UDL. This is useful when you want to check connection design according to other design codes. See Using Excel in connection design (p. 58).

Design tab

To check the design of a component that has a Design tab page:

1. Go to the Design tab and select Yes in the Use UDL listbox.

2. To use information in an Excel spreadsheet in the UDL calculation, select Excel in the

External design listbox.

3. Enter the information you want to use in the calculation in the remaining fields.

4. Select a connection in the model and click Modify. To view the results of the check, right- click the component symbol and select Inquire from the pop-up menu.The inquire object window opens, which contains a summary of the design checks and related information.

See also Using Excel in connection design (p. 58).

Design type tab

To check the design of a component that has a Design type tab page:

1. Open the component properties dialog box.

2. Go to the Design type tab and select Yes in the Check connection list box. Tekla Structures will check the connection each time it is used or changed in a model.

3. Enter the information you want to use in the calculation in the remaining fields.

4. Select a connection in the model and click Modify.

5. Tekla Structures checks the component. A green component symbol indicates that the connection will bear the UDL, red indicates it will not.

6. To view the results of the check, right-click the component symbol and select Inquire from the pop-up menu.The inquire object window opens, which contains a summary of the design checks and related information, for example:

Primary angle, Gross shear [AISC ASD F4-1 (p5-49)]

applied = 250.00, allowable = 190.80, capacity = 1.31

FAIL (t = 0.5000, tmin = 0.6551)

Example of design check information in the Inquire object dialog box.

The first row shows the part checked, the name of the check and a reference to the AISC specification.

The second row shows the applied and allowed force and how much capacity has been used.

The third row shows the results and possible solutions. In this example the primary angle plate was not thick enough. Tekla Structures has indicated the minimum thickness required to bear the UDL.

1.2 Component catalog

Tekla Structures contains a component catalog, where all components and sketched cross sections are stored. See also Sketched cross sections.

To open the component catalog, use the keyboard shortcut Ctrl + F, or click the Search component icon on the component toolbar (see Component catalog example (p. 18)).

Topics

Using the component catalog (p. 18)

Thumbnail images (p. 21)

Descriptions and keywords (p. 21)

Grouping components (p. 22)

Customizing and saving components (p. 22)

Using the component catalog

To open the component catalog, use the keyboard shortcut Ctrl + F, or click the Search component icon on the component toolbar.

You can do the following with components and sketched cross sections:

search using name, number, or keywords

start creating

view properties

collect your own favorites

define keywords

edit or add descriptions

import/export

Component

catalog example

This example shows the search results for the search term "Part":

shows the search results for the search term "Part": Search View folders View details View thumbnails

Searchshows the search results for the search term "Part": View folders View details View thumbnails Show/

View folderssearch results for the search term "Part": Search View details View thumbnails Show/ hide descriptions 18

View detailsfor the search term "Part": Search View folders View thumbnails Show/ hide descriptions 18 TEKLA

View thumbnailssearch term "Part": Search View folders View details Show/ hide descriptions 18 TEKLA STRUCTURES 17 Getting

Show/ hide descriptionsthe search term "Part": Search View folders View details View thumbnails 18 TEKLA STRUCTURES 17 Getting

Create a component using the component tool you used last with its current properties. current properties.

Double-click the name to set the properties and create the component. operties and create the component.

Component descriptionthe name to set the pr operties and create the component. Custom components have yellow symbols.

Custom components have yellow symbols.pr operties and create the component. Component description System components have blue symbols. To sort a

System components have blue symbols.Component description Custom components have yellow symbols. To sort a column, click the header cell. You

To sort a column, click the header cell.have yellow symbols. System components have blue symbols. You can create a list of favorite components.

You can create a list of favorite components. To add a component to your list, right-click the component name in the component catalog, and then select Add to Favorites list, right-click the component name in the component catalog, and then select Add to Favorites in the pop-up menu.

Creating new

folders

Modifying

Search and

Folders views

By default, components are grouped in folders based on their type and framing condition. You can add and remove components, and create folders and subfolders.

To create new folders in the Folders tree view, right-click a level in the tree and select an option from the pop-up menu:

Create New Folder to create folder at the same level

Create New Sub-folder to create a folder one level below

Information on the folders you create is stored in the ComponentCatalogTreeView.txt file that is located in the \TeklaStructuresModels\<model>\attributes\

For more information, see Copying components to another folder (p. 22).

folder.

The default view settings for the Search view are stored in the

ComponentCatalog.txt file that is located in the

Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system folder. If you modify the file, the Search view and the Search results branch in the Folders view change.

\Tekla

The default tree settings for the Folders view are stored in the ComponentCatalogTreeView.txt file that is located in the

\Tekla

Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system folder.

If you modify the file, the Folders view changes.

Symbols

The first column in the catalog indicates the component types with following symbols:

Symbo

 

l

Component type

System connections

System connections

System detail

System detail

System modeling tool

System modeling tool

Custom connections and seams

Custom connections and seams

System

components

Custom

components

Sketched cross

sections

See also

Symbo

 

l

Component type

Custom details

Custom details

Custom parts

Custom parts

Sketched cross sections

Sketched cross sections

Pop-up menus

Right-click a system component in the Search view list to open a pop-up menu containing the following commands:

Properties

Edit Keywords

Add to Favorites

Add to Search Result

Remove from Search Result

Change picture

AutoDefaults

Import

Right-click a custom component in the Search view list to open a pop-up menu containing the following commands:

Properties

Edit keywords

Add to Favorites

Add to Search Result

Remove from Search result

Change Picture

Export

Import

Edit Custom Component

Delete Custom Component

Right-click a sketch in the Search view list to open a pop-up menu containing the following commands:

Properties

Edit Keywords

Add to Favorites

Add to Search Result

Remove from Search Result

Export

Import

Change Picture

Delete

Thumbnail images (p. 21)

Descriptions and keywords (p. 21)

Grouping components (p. 22)

Managing custom components (p. 111)

Sketched cross sections

Thumbnail images

Most system components have a default thumbnail image in the component catalog, which shows you a typical situation where the component can be used. For example, this is what the thumbnail image for Bolted gusset (11) connection looks like:

image for Bolted gusset (11) connection looks like: To edit a thumbnail im age for a

To edit a thumbnail image for a component:

1. Create an image and save it in bmp format in

\Tekla

Structures\<version>\nt\bitmaps folder.

To create the image, you can use Create View > Default Views of C o

To create the image, you can use Create View > Default Views of Component and Screenshot commands, for example.

2. Press Ctrl + F to open the component catalog.

3. Right-click the component and select Change picture

4. Locate the thumbnail and select it.

5. Click OK.

6. Tekla Structures links the thumbnail to the component.

Descriptions and keywords

Descriptions

To view a component description, select the component in the Component catalog.

Use the

Use the button to show or hide descriptions.

button to show or hide descriptions.

You can create new descriptions and edit existing ones:

The default component descriptions are stored in the xslib.db1 file, located in the model folder.

To add or edit a description, type text in the description field. When you select another component in the component catalog, Tekla Structures prompts you to save the description you added or edited. After you have saved the description, save the model also.

Edited component descriptions are model-specific.

Keywords

To add or edit keywords, right-click a component in the component catalog, and select Edit

keywords

Keywords you add or edit are saved in ComponentCatalog.txt file in the current model folder.

You can combine ComponentCatalog.txt files and move them to the system folder: \Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system.

Grouping components

To create a new folder based on the results of a search:

To create a new folder based on the results of a search: 1. In the Component

1. In the Component catalog, enter your search criteria and click Search.

2. To group the search results in a new folder, click Store.

3. In the Store search result dialog box, enter a name for the folder and click OK.

4. The new folder appears in the tree.

Removing

To remove components from a group, right-click the component and select:

components from

groups

Remove, if it is a default group.

or

Remove from search result if the folder was created from a search.

Copying components to another folder

To copy components from one folder to another:

1. In the component catalog, click the Folders icon to open the Folders view.

2. Go to the folder where the component to be copied is located.

3. Select the component, right-click and select Copy.

4. Go to the folder where you want to copy the component.

5. Right-click and select Paste.

If the copying does not succeed for some reason, store the component temporarily to a

If the copying does not succeed for some reason, store the component temporarily to a new folder.

1. Click the Search icon and search for the component to be copied.

2. Select the component and click Store to create a new folder for the component.

3. In the Folders view, go to the new folder and copy the component from there to the desired folder.

Customizing and saving components

Many components are suitable for use in different situations. You can define the properties of a component to use in a specific situation, then save a copy in the component catalog to use in similar situations.

For example, we’ll use the Bolted gusset (11) component to connect a single brace at the base plate of column.

1. To save a copy of the component, we’ll right-click the component symbol in the

1. To save a copy of the component, we’ll right-click the component symbol in the model,

and select Publish in catalog

The Publish in catalog dialog box appears.

in catalog The Publish in catalog dialog box appears. 2. We can add the component to

2. We can add the component to a specific group. By default, the component is added to the All group.

3. By default the component uses the same thumbnail image as the original component. To change the thumbnail, see Thumbnail images (p. 21).

1.3 Using components

Introduction

This section explains how to use components. It also includes examples.

Topics

Creating components (p. 24)

Example: Adding an end plate (p. 24)

Example: Adding a base plate and anchor rods (p. 25)

Example: Adding a beam to column connection (p. 26)

Viewing components (p. 27)

Modifying components (p. 27)

Conceptual components (p. 27)

Converting a conceptual component to a detailed component (p. 28)

Tips on working with components (p. 29)

Creating components

You create different types of component in different ways. For example, you select existing parts to indicate which members a connection or a detail is attached to. You need to pick points to indicate the location or length of a detail or a modeling tool. See also Selection order (p. 13).

When you create connections, Tekla Structures prompts you to select the main part (the part secondary parts connect to), then the secondary part(s). For an example of using a connection, see Example: Adding an end plate (p. 24).

Status

Tekla Structures uses different-colored component symbols to show the status of connections and details:

Color

Status

Tip

Green

Green

Component created

 

successfully.

Component created, but has problems. Often occurs when bolts or holes have an edge distance

Component created, but has problems.

Often occurs when bolts or holes have an edge distance less than the default value for that component.

Yellow

Component failed. A common reason is that the up direction is not appropriate. See Up

Component failed.

A common reason is that the up direction is not appropriate. See Up direction (p. 13).

Red

When applying a component that you are unfamiliar with, accept the default properties and apply

When applying a component that you are unfamiliar with, accept the default properties and apply the component. Then look to see what needs to be modified. This is quicker than trying to set the values for the component before seeing what the component actually creates.

Example: Adding an end plate

This example shows how to create an end plate connection. The End plate (144) connection connects two beams, or a beam to a column, using a bolted end plate.

To create the end plate connection:

1. In the component catalog, enter 144 and click Search.

2. Double-click the End plate (144) component. Tekla Structures displays the component dialog box and starts the End plate (144) command.

3. Click Apply to create the component using the default properties.

4. Tekla Structures prompts you to select the main part (column) and then the secondary part (beam). Tekla Structures creates the connection.

5. Select the next main part or interrupt the command. If you need to change

5. Select the next main part or interrupt the command.

If you need to change the number of bolts or plate dimensions, for example, you need to modify the component. For more information, see Modifying components (p. 27).

If you use incorrect properties, Tekla Structures may fail to create the component. For more information, see Creating components (p. 24).

Example: Adding a base plate and anchor rods

Component catalog contains several base plate details. This example shows how to create a base plate and anchor rods.

Before you start:

create a column

create an elevation view

To add a base plate to a column:

1. Open an elevation view.

2. Open the component catalog.

3. Enter base plate in the Search field and click Search.

Enter base plate in the Search field and click Search . 4. To view pictures of

4. To view pictures of the components in the search results, click the Thumbnails icon

.
.
5. Click Base plate (1004) . This component cr eates a base plate with anchor

5. Click Base plate (1004). This component creates a base plate with anchor bolts.

6. The prompt Pick part appears on the status bar. Select the column.

7. The prompt Pick position appears on the status bar. Pick the point at the base of the column to indicate where to create the base plate.

8. Tekla Structures creates the base plate.

9. Examine the component to see if you need to make any changes.

10. Check that the connection symbol is green, which indicates that the connection was created successfully.

11. Change the dimensions of the anchor rods.

To make it easier to select components, click the Select component icon

.
.

12. Double-click the component to open the Tekla Structures Base plate (1004) dialog box.

13. Go to the Anchor rods tab. Change the dimensions of the anchor rods.

14. To change only this base plate, select Ignore other types in the list in the top section of the dialog box:

types in the list in the top section of the dialog box: 15. Click Modify .

15. Click Modify. Tekla Structures changes the dimensions of the anchor rods.

16. Click OK to close the dialog box.

17. Right-click and select Interrupt from the pop-up menu to end the command.

18. Check that the connection symbol is green, which indicates that the connection was created successfully.

Example: Adding a beam to column connection

Component catalog contains several beam to column connections. This example shows how to create a beam to column connection.

Before you start:

create a beam and a column

create an elevation view

To create a beam to column connection:

1. Open the component catalog.

2. Select Beam to column connections in the list. The list of beam to column connections appears in the main pane.

3. Select Column with stiffeners (186).

4. The prompt Pick main part appears on the status bar. Select the column.

5. The prompt Pick secondary part appears on the status bar. Select the beam.

6. Tekla Structures creates the connection.

7. Click OK to close the dialog box.

8. Right-click and select Interrupt from the pop-up menu to end the command.

9. Check that the connection symbol is green, which indicates that the connection was created successfully.

10. Examine the component to see if you need to make any changes.

Viewing components

You can create several views of a component to view it from different viewpoints.

To create views of a component:

1. Click the component symbol to select the component.

2. To create views, right-click and select Create View > Default Views of Component from the pop-up menu. Tekla Structures creates four views: front, end, top, and perspective.

To check dimensions, such as bolt locations and edge distances, work in the Component front

To check dimensions, such as bolt locations and edge distances, work in

the Component front view and use the Measure tool.

Modifying components

To modify a component, double-click the component symbol in the model. The component dialog box appears. This is where you modify the component properties.

If you have Select component switched on pick component symbol, but you can just pick
If you have Select component switched on pick component symbol, but you can just pick

If you have Select component switched on

pick component symbol, but you can just pick any object belonging to a component. This is the only method for selecting custom parts, because they do not have any symbol.

, you do not have to

You can also indicate which connections and details are affected by the modifications:

Modify connection type: If you have selected several connections details, clicking the Modify button modifies all the selected connections and details irrespective of their type. If the connection type is not the same as in the dialog box, Tekla Structures changes the connection type.

Ignore other types: Tekla Structures only modifies connections and details of the type shown in dialog box.

Conceptual components

Conceptual components are meant to be used as reference information for further fabrication detailing. Conceptual components look similar to detailed components but do not include the option to change part numbering or assembly numbering settings.

Conceptual components can be created only with Engineering and Reinforced Concrete Detailing configurations. However, you can edit conceptual components in Full, Steel Detailing, or Precast Concrete Detailing configurations.

Conceptual components can be converted to detailed components that include all the information needed for fabrication, such as assemblies, cast units, and reinforcing bars. The conversion to detailed components can be done in Full, Steel Detailing, or Precast Concrete Detailing configurations.

Modifying part properties, such as the size of the component main part, does not automatically convert a detailed component to a conceptual one, or vice versa. For example, if you use the Engineering configuration and modify the model, detailed components do not convert back to conceptual components.

Component

Symbol

Configuration

Description

Conceptual

Conceptual Engineering Conceptual component does not create assemblies or cast units.

Engineering

Conceptual component does not create assemblies or cast units.

Reinforced

Concrete Detailing

The dialog box is the same as in detailed component, but does not contain fields

The dialog box is the same as in detailed component, but does not contain fields for part and assembly positions.

Rectangular

Detailed

Full Detailed Steel Detailing Precast Concrete Detailed component contains part and assembly numbering fields, and creates

Steel Detailing

Precast Concrete

Detailed component contains part and assembly numbering fields, and creates needed assemblies and cast units.

Detailing  

 

Round

 

Detailed components can be converted to conceptual components in Engineering and Reinforced Conc rete Detailing configurations. Engineering and Reinforced Concrete Detailing configurations.

See also

Converting a conceptual component to a detailed component (p. 28)

 

Converting a conceptual component to a detailed component

An individual conceptual component that has been created with Engineering or Reinforced Concrete Detailing configuration can be converted to a detailed component in Full, Steel Detailing, and Precast Concrete Detailing configurations.

To convert a conceptual component to a detailed component:

 

1. Select the component symbol.

2. Click Detailing > Component > Convert to Detailing Component.

If you want to convert a detailed component to a conceptual component in Engineering or

If you want to convert a detailed component to a conceptual component in Engineering or Reinforced Concete Detailing configuration, right-

click and select Convert to Conceptual Component.

See also

Conceptual components (p. 27)

Tips on working with components

No component

created

Many parts found

Switch parts on/ off

If you have difficulty applying a component, check the status bar for prompts. For example, you may need to click the middle mouse button to stop selecting parts, before Tekla Structures creates the component.

If you are applying a connection that only allows for one secondary part, you may see the message Many parts found on the status bar. This means that Tekla Structures cannot determine which parts to connect. You may have several parts in the same location, or the view may be set too deep.

If the component does not create the parts you need by default (for example, stiffener plates), look for a switch to turn them on. If there is no switch, try entering a value in the thickness field for that part (for example, on the Stiffeners tab).

If the component creates parts you do not need, look for the switch to turn them off. If there is no switch, enter a zero (0) in the thickness field for that part.

Entering valid

profiles

the thickness field for that part. Entering valid profiles Default: Tekla Structures creates stiffeners or uses
the thickness field for that part. Entering valid profiles Default: Tekla Structures creates stiffeners or uses
the thickness field for that part. Entering valid profiles Default: Tekla Structures creates stiffeners or uses
the thickness field for that part. Entering valid profiles Default: Tekla Structures creates stiffeners or uses
the thickness field for that part. Entering valid profiles Default: Tekla Structures creates stiffeners or uses

Default: Tekla Structures creates stiffeners or uses value retrieved from AutoDefaults.

Automatic: Tekla Structures creates or omits stiffeners depending on the situation in the model.

Tekla Structures does not create stiffeners

Tekla Structures creates stiffeners.

You need to specify profiles for some components. If a component fails, try entering a valid profile.

1.4 Defining parts and plates

Use the Parts tab to define the parts that Tekla Structures creates when you use a component.

Topics

Using the dialog box (p. 29)

Dimensioning parts (p. 30)

Defining materials (p. 32)

Using the dialog box

Some components list all parts on one tab, others list parts on separate tabs as shown in the following examples.

One Parts tab

Where there is one tab, the label is usually Parts or Plates.

Several Parts tabs Parts can also appear on separate tabs. For example, in connection 56,

Several Parts

tabs

Parts can also appear on separate tabs. For example, in connection 56, Corner tube gusset, the parts appear on both the Gusset and Brace conn tabs.

parts appear on both the Gusset and Brace conn tabs. Dimensioning parts Use the Parts tabs

Dimensioning parts

Use the Parts tabs to dimension specific part types in components.

To delete a part, enter zero (0) in the t (thickness) field.

To delete a part, enter zero (0) in the t (thickness) field.

Plates

Enter the following dimensions for plates:

Dimension

Description

t

Plate thickness

b

Plate width

h

Plate height

You do not have to enter these dimensions for every component type, as Tekla Structures determines the plate shape differently for different components. For example, in end plate connections, Tekla Structures calculates width and height using the number of bolts and bolt edge distances. Click Help in a component dialog box to check which dimensions you need to enter.

Beams

To specify a library or parametric profile to use for beams:

Enter the profile name.

Or click

• Enter the profile name. • Or click , and select a profile from the profile

, and select a profile from the profile catalog.

The profile must exist in the profile catalog.

The profile must exist in the profile catalog.

Part position number

Use the Pos_no field to enter the part position number for each part the component creates.

This overrides the settings on the Tools > Options > Options prefix and a start number, as shown below.

> Components tab. Specify a

number , as shown below. > Components tab. Specify a Prefix Start number Some component dialog

Prefixnumber , as shown below. > Components tab. Specify a Start number Some component dialog boxes

Start number, as shown below. > Components tab. Specify a Prefix Some component dialog boxes have a

Some component dialog boxes have a second row of Pos_no fields for you to enter the assembly position number.

Using the Components tab

To set the default prefix and start number for all the parts that components create, click Tools >

Options > Options

> Components. You define different prefixes and start numbers

according to the part’s relationship to other parts in the component. Separate the prefix and part

number using the \ character (for example, p\1).

Prefix Part number Defining materials To define the materials for the parts that components create,

PrefixPart number Defining materials To define the materials for the parts that components create, click

Part numberPrefix Defining materials To define the materials for the parts that components create, click Material field.

Defining materials

Prefix Part number Defining materials To define the materials for the parts that components create, click

To define the materials for the parts that components create, click

Material field. Tekla Structures opens the Select Material dialog box. Click a material type, then click the material to use for the part.

against the

Using the Components tab To set the default part material for th e parts that

Using the Components tab

To set the default part material for the parts that components create, click Tools > Options >

Options

> Components tab, and use the Part material field. Tekla Structures uses this

default if you leave the Material field blank in the component dialog box when you apply the component.

1.5 Defining bolts and welds

Use the Bolts or Welds tabs to define which bolts, assemblies, and welds to use in specific components.

Topics

Using the Bolts tab (p. 33)

Defining bolts (p. 35)

Creating holes (p. 35)

Number of bolts and spacing (p. 36)

Bolt group orientation (p. 36)

Bolt group pattern (p. 37)

Edge distance (p. 37)

Bolt position (p. 37)

Defining slotted holes (p. 39)

Deleting bolts (p. 40)

Defining bolt assemblies (p. 41)

Welds (p. 41)

Using the Bolts tab

This illustration shows the properties you can set on the Bolts tab of component dialog boxes:

Slotted hole dimensions Slotted to create slotted hole in part Check bolt components to incl

Slotted hole dimensionsSlotted to create slotted hole in part Check bolt components to incl ude (bolt, washer,

Slotted to create slotted hole in partSlotted hole dimensions Check bolt components to incl ude (bolt, washer, screw). Shank length protruding from

Check bolt components to include (bolt, washer, screw). ude (bolt, washer, screw).

Shank length protruding from the nutCheck bolt components to incl ude (bolt, washer, screw). Bolt spacing - vertical Number of bolts

Bolt spacing - verticalude (bolt, washer, screw). Shank length protruding from the nut Number of bolts 34 TEKLA STRUCTURES

Number of boltswasher, screw). Shank length protruding from the nut Bolt spacing - vertical 34 TEKLA STRUCTURES 17

Enter bolt order number of bolt to delete.Edge distance Bolt spacing (horizontal) Defining bolts Number of bolts Bolt group pattern Horizontal Vertical

Edge distanceEnter bolt order number of bolt to delete. Bolt spacing (horizontal) Defining bolts Number of bolts

Bolt spacing (horizontal)Enter bolt order number of bolt to delete. Edge distance Defining bolts Number of bolts Bolt

Defining bolts

Number of boltsEdge distance Bolt spacing (horizontal) Defining bolts Bolt group pattern Horizontal Vertical Use the following

Bolt group patternBolt spacing (horizontal) Defining bolts Number of bolts Horizontal Vertical Use the following fields on the

HorizontalDefining bolts Number of bolts Bolt group pattern Vertical Use the following fields on the Bolts

VerticalDefining bolts Number of bolts Bolt group pattern Horizontal Use the following fields on the Bolts

Use the following fields on the Bolts tab to specify the type of bolts to use in individual components:

Dialog box

 

text

Description

Bolt size

Must be defined in the bolt assembly catalog. See also The bolt and bolt assembly catalogs.

Bolt standard

The bolt standard to use inside the component. Must be defined in the bolt assembly catalog.

Tolerance

Gap between bolt and hole.

Thread in mat

Indicate if the thread can be inside bolted parts when using bolts with a shaft. Has no effect if using full-threaded bolts.

Site/Workshop

Location where bolts should be attached.

Increasing bolt length

To allow for additional material thickness, increase the length of the bolt on the Bolts tab. For example, you could use this for painted parts.

Enter extra bolt length

could use this for painted parts. Enter extra bolt length Tekla Structures uses this value in

Tekla Structures uses this value in bolt length calculation. See Bolt length calculation.

Creating holes

To only create a hole, deselect all the components in the illustration on the Bolts tab.

Number of bolts and spacing Use the Bolts tab to specify the number of bolts

Number of bolts and spacing

Use the Bolts tab to specify the number of bolts and bolt spacing, both horizontally and vertically.

Enter the number of bolts in the shorter field, and the spacing between bolts in the longer field, as shown below. Use a space to separate bolt spacing values. Enter a value for each space between bolts.

Example

For example, if there are 3 bolts, enter 2 values.

Example For example, if there are 3 bolts, enter 2 values. Number of bolts Bolt spacing

Number of boltsExample For example, if there are 3 bolts, enter 2 values. Bolt spacing The settings above

Bolt spacingif there are 3 bolts, enter 2 values. Number of bolts The settings above result in

The settings above result in this bolt group layout:

spacing The settings above result in this bolt group layout: Bolt group orientation Some connections include

Bolt group orientation

Some connections include the following options on the Bolts tab to orientate bolt groups:

Option

Description

Square.

Square.

Staggered in the direction of the secondary part.

Staggered in the direction of the secondary part.

Sloped in the direction of the secondary part.

Sloped in the direction of the secondary part.

Bolt group pattern

For some components you can select different bolt group patterns. You have the following options:

Edge distance

Option

Option
Option
Option
Option
Option

Edge distance is the distance from the center of a bolt to the edge of the part. Enter top, bottom, left, and right edge distances on the Bolts tab. A dimension line on the illustration shows each dimension. See also Using the joints.def file (p. 46).

dimension. See also Using the joints.def file (p. 46) . Edge distance dimension line Enter edge

Edge distance dimension linedimension. See also Using the joints.def file (p. 46) . Enter edge distances here Bolt position

Enter edge distances herethe joints.def file (p. 46) . Edge distance dimension line Bolt position In the list box

Bolt position

In the list box on the Bolts tab, select an option to indicate how to measure dimensions for vertical and horizontal bolt position.

Then enter the dimension in the fields indicated below. If you leave this field blank, Tekla Structures uses a system default value.

Enter dimensions Measure dimension from Vertical bolt position Use these options to indicate how Tekla

Enter dimensionsMeasure dimension from Vertical bolt position Use these options to indicate how Tekla Structures measures

Measure dimension fromEnter dimensions Vertical bolt position Use these options to indicate how Tekla Structures measures vertical dimensions:

Vertical bolt position

Use these options to indicate how Tekla Structures measures vertical dimensions:

Option

Dimension from

Illustration

Top

Upper edge of secondary part to uppermost bolt.

Top Upper edge of secondary part to uppermost bolt.

Middle

Centerline of bolts to centerline of secondary part.

Middle Centerline of bolts to centerline of secondary part.

Bottom

Lower edge of secondary part to lowest bolt.

Bottom Lower edge of secondary part to lowest bolt.

Horizontal bolt position

Use these options to indicate how Tekla Structures measures horizontal dimensions:

Option

Dimension from

Illustration

Left

Left edge of secondary part to far left bolt.

Left Left edge of secondary part to far left bolt.

Middle

Centerline of bolts.

Middle Centerline of bolts.

Right

Right edge of secondary part to far right bolt.

Right Right edge of secondary part to far right bolt.

Defining slotted holes

To define slotted holes in components:

1. Open the component properties dialog box and click on the Bolts tab. Different bolt groups may appear on different tabs in different dialog boxes.

2. Set Hole type to Slotted.

3. Select which parts have slotted holes from the Slots in list box. Select No to create round holes.

4. To shape slotted holes, enter the x or y dimensions of the hole. To produce a round hole, enter zero (0) for both dimensions.

Slotted hole length = x or y dimension + Bolt size + Tolerance For some

Slotted hole length = x or y dimension + Bolt size + Tolerance

For some components you can specify which parts have slotted holes using the Bolts tab.

For some components you can specify which parts have slotted holes using the Bolts tab. For example, Clip angle (141), Shear plate simple

(146).

You can also use the Bolt command to modify bolt groups after creating components. For more information, see Holes.

Deleting bolts

To delete bolts from a bolt group:

1. Double click the component symbol to open the component dialog box.

2. Go to the Bolts tab.

3. Check Delete.

4. Enter the bolt number(s) of the bolt(s) to delete, separated by a space. Bolt numbers run left to right and top down.

5. Click Modify to change the selected component.

6. Click OK to exit the component dialog box.

Example

You start with this bolt group:

dialog box. Example You start with this bolt group: You enter the following bolt numbers: The

You enter the following bolt numbers:

with this bolt group: You enter the following bolt numbers: The bolt group now looks like

The bolt group now looks like this:

Defining bolt assemblies On the illustration on the Bolts tab, check the pieces to use

Defining bolt assemblies

On the illustration on the Bolts tab, check the pieces to use in the bolt assembly (bolt, washers, and nuts).

to use in the bolt assembly (bolt, washers, and nuts). To change the bolt assemblies in

To change the bolt assemblies in the current component:

1. Click the component symbol to select it.

2. Check the pieces to use.

3. Check Effect in modify.

4. Click the Modify button.

Welds

To define the properties of the welds Tekla Structures uses in a component, click the Welds button in the component properties dialog box. Tekla Structures displays the appropriate weld dialog box.

The illustration identifies each weld using a number. For each weld, use row 1 to define the arrow side of the weld, and row 2 for the other side.

See also 1.6 W e l d s AutoConnection Introduction Use AutoConnection to automatically select

See also

1.6

Welds

AutoConnection

Introduction

Use AutoConnection to automatically select and apply connections with predefined properties to selected parts. Use AutoConnection to have Tekla Structures automatically create similar connections for similar framing conditions.

Topics

Using AutoConnection (p. 42)

Using AutoConnection

Use AutoConnection to have Tekla Structures automatically create connections using a predefined set of rules, or rule group.

Creating

To create connections using AutoConnection:

connections

1. Pick the parts to connect.

2. Click Detailing > AutoConnection

3. Select a rule group in the first list box on the Rule groups tab as shown below.

to display the AutoConnection dialog box.

Rule group for AutoConnection Rule group for AutoDefaults 4. Click the Create connections button. When

Rule group for AutoConnectionRule group for AutoDefaults 4. Click the Create connections button. When you use AutoConnection, Tekla

Rule group for AutoDefaultsRule group for AutoConnection 4. Click the Create connections button. When you use AutoConnection, Tekla Structures

4. Click the Create connections button.

When you use AutoConnection, Tekla Structures ignores the properties in the connection dialog boxes and creates connections using the properties defined in the rule group. Tekla Structures does not modify existing connections.

You can change the properties of connections you create using AutoConnection.

Additional

options

Use the options on the Advanced tab to indicate which rule groups you want to use for each Framing condition (beam to beam web, beam to beam flange, etc.). You also have the option not to apply a rule group, or to apply a specific connection.

Example You can use a rule group for all framing types ot her than beam

Example

You can use a rule group for all framing types other than beam to column flange, and indicate a particular connection to use for that framing type.

Options

Use Connection selection to indicate your preferences for each framing condition. You have the following options:

Option

Result

None

Tekla Structures does not create a connection.

AutoConnection

Tekla Structures applies the connection defined in the rule group you have indicated in the first list box on the Rule groups tab.

A named connection

Click Select to pick from a list of available connections. Click a connection, then OK.

Tekla Structures creates the connection you specify using the default properties. See Automatic and default properties (p. 14).

Use Parameters selection to indicate which connection properties you want to use. The options are:

Option

Result

AutoDefaults

Tekla Structures applies the properties of the rule group you have indicated in the first list box on

Rule groups tab.

No AutoDefaults

Tekla Structures applies the default connection properties. See Automatic and default properties (p. 14).

1.7

AutoDefaults

Introduction

Use AutoDefaults to automatically apply connections. When you use AutoDefaults, Tekla Structures automatically creates connections with predefined properties.

For example, you can use AutoDefaults to automatically adjust the thickness of each base plate you create, according to the main part profile. If the main part profile changes, Tekla Structures will also automatically adjust the thickness of the base plate.

Topics

Using AutoConnection (p. 42)

Using AutoDefaults (p. 45)

How to use AutoDefaults effectively (p. 46)

Checking AutoDefaults properties (p. 46)

Checking AutoDefaults rules (p. 46)

Using AutoDefaults

With AutoDefaults you can have Tekla Structures apply connection properties using a predefined set of rules. You can use AutoDefaults together with AutoConnection to define connection properties, or separately to define the properties of a single connection.

To use AutoDefaults for a single connection:

1. Open the connection dialog box.

2. On the General tab, select a rule group (the rule group cannot be None).

3. On all the tabs, set the fields that you want AutoDefaults to override to Default by

want AutoDefaults to override to D e f a u l t by selecting the options

selecting the options marked with the arrow symbol.

4. Click Apply to create the connection using AutoDefaults.

To quickly set all the fields in a dialog box to Default , load <Defaults>

To quickly set all the fields in a dialog box to Default, load <Defaults> in the connection dialog box.

To quickly set all the fields in a dialog box to Default , load <Defaults> in
dialog box to Default , load <Defaults> in the connection dialog box. TEKLA STRUCTURES 17 Getting

How to use AutoDefaults effectively

Use default values when you create a connection, then use AutoDefaults to modify the properties.

If you manually modify connection properties after using AutoDefaults, Tekla Structures will not automatically update the connection properties, even if AutoDefaults is active. AutoDefaults does not change connection properties that have been modified. It only modifies connection properties in fields containing the default properties.

For example, you have manually set a base plate thickness of 20 mm in the Base plate dialog box of a connection. AutoDefaults is active and sets plate thickness according to the main part profile. If you modify the main part profile, Tekla Structures does not update the base plate thickness. It remains at 20 mm.

Checking AutoDefaults properties

To check the properties AutoDefaults has applied to a connection:

1. Double-click the connection symbol to open the connection dialog box.

2. In the list box in the upper left corner of the dialog box, select <AutoDefaults>.

3. Click Load. Tekla Structures shows the applied properties in the fields. You can also see all the combined properties used for that connection.

Checking AutoDefaults rules

You can check which rules AutoDefaults has used for a particular connection.

1. Select the connection symbol and right-click.

2. Select Inquire.

Tekla Structures shows the rule group and rule sets that the connection passed. You can also see all the properties files used for that connection.

1.8 Using the joints.def file

This section explains how to use the joints.def text file to set the default properties for different connection types. Not all connections use joints.def.

If you are new to using joints.def , we suggest you read each of the

If you are new to using joints.def, we suggest you read each of the topics in this section thoroughly before making any changes.

Topics

About joints.def (p. 47)

Defining general defaults (p. 48)

Defining bolt diameter and number of rows (p. 50)

Defining other bolt and part properties (p. 51)

How Tekla Structures uses joints.def (p. 57)

Connections that use joints.def (p. 48)

About joints.def

Changing the joints.def file changes the default values for different connection types. You can open the joints.def file in any standard text editor.

Tekla Structures only uses the values in joints.def for blank fields. AutoDefaults and manual entries

Tekla Structures only uses the values in joints.def for blank fields. AutoDefaults and manual entries override joints.def.

If you use joints.def, you can still use some system default properties. To force Tekla Structures to use the system default for a particular property, give it the value -2147483648 in joints.def.

By default, Tekla Structures includes the joints.def file in the system folder.

Tekla Structures searches for joints.def in the standard search order.

How joints.def works

For each connection type, Tekla Structures follows these steps to assign bolt and part properties.

1. Tekla Structures determines bolt diameter and number of bolts according to the following criteria:

Connection type

According to

Clip angle

Secondary beam height

Shear plate

Secondary beam height

End plate

Secondary beam height

Gusset

Length of angle profile

Diagonal

Profile height

2. Tekla Structures uses bolt diameter to assign other bolt and part properties.

How to read joints.def

Lines beginning with // are comment lines. They are there to help you read the file, Tekla Structures does not use the information in comment lines.

The first few lines contain some general settings:

Set the following line to the unit of measure appropriate to the version you are using (for example, inches in the Imperial version).

are using (for example, inches in th e Imperial version). To have Tekla Structures use the

To have Tekla Structures use the default values in joints.def, set the following line to 1. Set it to 0 to have Tekla Structures use the system defaults.

it to 0 to have Tekla Structures use the system defaults. Properties for each connection type

Properties for each connection type appear in individual sections, as shown below. Each section begins with a header row containing the column labels. Do not add columns to the file.

with a header row containing the column labels. Do not add columns to the file. TEKLA

Entering values

When you edit joints.def:

Enter absolute values or names

Do not use feet and inch symbols

Ensure that profiles exist in the profile catalog

Ensure bolts exist in the bolt catalog.

Connections that use joints.def

Only the following connections use joints.def

Connections

Connections

Two sided angle cleat (25)

Boomerang bracing cross (60)

Beam with stiffener (129)

Corner bolted gusset (57)

Column with shear plate (131)

Boomerang tube diagonal (59)

Bolted moment connection (134)

Corner tube gusset (56)

Clip angle (141)

Boomerang wrapped diagonal (58)

Two sided end plate (142)

Corner wrapped gusset (63)

Two sided clip angle (143)

Bolted gusset (11)

End plate (144)

Bracing cross (19)

Shear plate simple (146)

Tube gusset (20)

Welded to top flange (147)