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Samsung and the theme park industry in Korea'' Problem Analysis In the case of Samsun, several areas of issues

can be extracted from the case study:1. Financial Issues The price of the theme park land is relatively expensive, ranging from $50mil - $3bill. The cost of the land value can be really high what more when the location of this theme park is smack in the middle of the city. Secondly, the cost of maintenance for the theme park is huge. This expenses is unavoidable as the nature of the business require regular maintenance works and upgrading tasks. 2. Seasonal Fluctuations In marketing the theme park, the management used about 10% of their total income for below and above the line promotions. These includes advertising, radio and print advertisement, mailers and partnership programs with tour operators. However, the number of visitors for the center varies from time to time. Peak seasons, i.e: spring, summer and school holidays recorded high number of visitors to the theme park. However, this number often drop when bad weather hit the area. In managing high demand during peak season, the management of theme park often struggle with lack of staff to manage the demand. This led to staffing and housing issues during this sudden urge.


Competitors In South of Korea, there are many competitors that are in the same nature of business. They are Lotte World, Seoul Land, Dream Land, Childrens Grand Park and Seoul Grand Park. Lotte World had the competitive advantage due to its location in the heart of the city and its an indoor

theme park. Although Yongin Farmland ranked no 11 out of 50 amusement parks in the world (1994), Lotte World is catching with up being no 14 in the same rank. 4. Transportation and Location Accessibility to the park is an issue especially with high traffic conditions, eg: peak hours. People spent more time traveling every day; they don't have enough time to do their daily chores. Instead of entertaining themselves over the weekend, they chose to do their chores. In an average, people spent about two hours from Seoul to Farmland due to traffic jam. As mentioned above, a sudden urge of demand will arise during peak seasons, i.e: spring, summer and school holidays. This will lead to issues with parking spaces. On a normal operation basis, parking space for about 8,000 cars are sufficient, however this might be otherwise during peak seasons. Referring to table 8 Leisure Patterns of South Korean Customers (1994), 38% of respondents replied they will have about 4-5 people accompany them when they go to the theme park. 68% of respondent replied they will choose to drive to the theme park. 5. Customer Satisfaction The Management of Farmland realized that Lotte World provided better customer satisfaction and they scored pretty high during the customer satisfaction survey. Farmland recognizes the fact that its difficult to achieve similar service standard as in the Disneyland. Farmland need to look into their current hiring process, academically vs people-oriented inclination towards the job. Evaluate the theme parks industry using Porters Five Forces Model. Michael Porters 5 Forces Model Discuss the nature of the competition Who are the competitors? 1) To the local customers: The competitors are 1)Lotte world, 2)Seoul Land and 3)cheaper entertainment such as camping , beach and home movies.

2) To international customers The competitors are theme parks in the region such as Tokyo Disneyland, Hong Kong Ocean Park , Jakarta Jaya Ancol Dreamland and Beijing Amusement Park. In South Korea , there are also five other theme parks that compete with Farmland. Brief description of each of the theme park: 1) Tokyo Disneyland Comprising of 7 themes in the park ,1)World Bazaar, the 4 classics Disneyland 2) Adventure land , 3)Disney Land 4)Tomorrow Land 5) Western Land and the inclusion of two mini lands 7)Critter country and 8)Mickey Toon town. a) World Bazaar World Bazaar is the main entry corridor and primary shopping area of Tokyo Disneyland. Despite the use of the word "World" in its name, the general look and theme of World Bazaar is that of early 20th-century America, matching the "Main Street, U.S.A." areas of other Magic Kingdom-style parks. b) Western Land Westernland is an "old west" themed area, the counterpart of Frontierland in other Magic Kingdom-style parks c) Critter Country Critter Country is a small area of the park with two main attractions, Splash Mountains and Beaver Brothers Explorer Canoe. The other four attractions are the similar attractions are in Disney World in Florida. 2) Ocean Park in Hong Kong The largest water park in Asia is a marine mammal park, oceanarium and animal theme park. It boast of 35 attractions and rides such as : The dragon roller coaster, Abyss turbo

drop, Crazy Galleon, Ferris Wheel, Mine Train, Raging River and Ocean Park Escalator are just some of the attractions. 3) North Jakarta Jaya Ancol Dreamland One of the largest recreation complexes in SE Asia, it consist of a theme park called, Dunia Fantasi , a water park complex, a oceanarium , a golf course , and several hotels. 4) China amusement Park Comprises of roller coaster, fairy tale world, garden for families and the park is not like the rest where there is a theme instead it is trying to copy Disneyland by putting some figures of Walt Disney. From the above there are two categories of customers, Farmland must attract: 1) Domestic customers which are the primary target segment of the customer base as they represent in South Korea about 60% to 75% of the total customers visiting theme parks. 2) International customers or Tourists where theme park is a large attraction to this group which has a high growth potential. Therefore in order to compete domestically and internationally, Yongin Farmland must revamp their existing facilities and bring in new attractions and new theme to the existing park as well as improve the hardware and software of the existing park. To know the competition forces better , Porters 5 forces analysis model will be use. Porter's 5 Forces in Yongin Farmland theme park Porter 5 forces model (see appendix 1) focus on external environment that the company has to be able to cope with. Porters five forces model identifies the 5 sources of competitive pressures on theme park industry and helps to determine Yongin Farmland theme park competitive intensity and profit potential. The five force of Porters analysis model are as follows: 1) Rivalry

2) New entrants 3) Substitutes 4) Buyer bargaining power 5) Supplier bargaining power Rivalry In Korea, around the Seoul area, there were six themes parks. The most notable player in these region are: Lotte World , Seoul Land and Yongin Farmland.. Each of these companies offers theme parks with varying experiences, always trying to debut the newest and best experiences in order to stay ahead of one another. A great example of this can be seen by looking at these three major theme parks. Lotte World, Seoul Land and Yongin Farmland each are in direct competition with one another. This is evident in their competitive offerings in ticket prices: 7,279 Won at Lotte World, 6,494 Won at Seoul Land and 6,667 Won at Farmland. These prices represent the admission and free ride per person. The rivalry between theme parks can also be observed by the debut of new attractions or technology. Lotte World is located in the downtown and attract customers working or living nearby. The theme park itself has hotel, departmental store, shopping mall , folk village and sports center. Seoul Land also located near Seoul, at Kyungkido, takes after Disneyland but in a much smaller scale. Generally , Seoul Land is more of a entertainment place for short visit. Farmland ,opened in 1976 originally meant to provide quality of living through healthy open air leisure activities. It has the Wild Safari , the rose garden and to provide for Winter theme , the Sled Slope and the Motor Park. Due to the intense rivalry from Lotte world and Seoul Land , Farmland also planned to revamp its theme park with addition of the water park, a global fair and the expansion of the existing zoo. Rivalry amongst companies in the theme park industry is what keeps them relevant in the eyes of its customers. Every year new attractions, restaurants, entertainment, and hotel offerings are announced in order to influence people to attend the various parks. This rivalry also affects the profits of these theme parks as they typically see a good return on their investment year over

year. For example, not every family is going to take a vacation to Farmland each holiday. Farmland realizes this and thus is constantly looking for ways to improve its attractions to stay ahead of its rivals, so families can count on having a better experience on their next visit. The more guests Farmland can get to return by staying ahead of rivals Lotte world and Seoul Land, the more profit they will be able to bring home. Other forms of competition come from free admission parks, beaches, camping trips. These are either free or cheaper than paying for a trip to the theme park. The bargaining power of customers in the theme park industry In a good economy and during the holiday seasons, the buyer bargaining power is low where there are many patrons to the theme park. Since the Koreans do not have many vacation leave and Korea is a temperate country, the only time for Koreans to go out with their family will be during the mid summer to mid-autumn period. These will be the peak period for most of the theme parks and it is term the high seasonality. When the high seasonality period is over, the customers bargaining power will be high and the theme parks must start their promotional activities or special events to attract customers to visit the theme park. Bargaining power of suppliers As I mentioned in my discussion surrounding rivalry in the theme park industry, every park attempts to stay relevant and appealing to its customers by debuting new attractions/offerings as often as possible. Operating under that impression, the suppliers to the theme park industry have a lot of bargaining power. DOGO of Japan, HUSS of Germany and ARROW of the United States are just a few of the major companies who create the attractions found in most of the theme parks throughout the world. Every year, the International Association of Amusement Parks and Attractions (IAAPA) hosts a convention where the newest technology is put on display for the consumers (theme parks). In an effort to keep customers excited year after year, theme parks have the opportunity at this convention to see the newest technologies first hand and decide what to bring to their theme parks in the future. This can negatively affect the profit level of theme parks however, as they bid against one another as they vie for the best technology, driving up the prices and reputation of the suppliers

Threat of new entrants The threat of new entrants of theme park in South Korea is not particularly high. Near Seoul , there are six theme park of which Lotte World , Seoul Land and Yongin Farmland are the most notable ones. Theme parks around the world require a large scale initial investment ranging from $50 million to $3 billion. Land development cost ,amusement machinery cost and working capital are the main component of the capital investment. Since theme parks are very competitive in nature, continuous upgrades of new attractions and renovate existing ones to attract repeat customers is a norm. The threat of new entrants outside South Korea appears to be high especially from world class theme parks such as Tokyo Disneyland, Ocean Park in Hong Kong, Jaya Ancol Dreamland in Jakarta and Beijing Amusement Park. Hong Kong Disneyland has opened with success, a new Shanghai Disney recent has been announced, and several theme park projects in Dubai, though long delayed, are now starting to get under way. Whether or not these projects will succeed remains to be seen, but the entry barriers for the theme park industry appear to be much lower outside of the South Korea. For these reasons I have to conclude that the threat of new entrants into the theme park industry does not seem to have too large an impact on current companies profits. Threat of substitutes The threat of substitutes in the theme park industry is one of the biggest challenges theme parks are forced to overcome. While theme parks such as Lotte World and Seoul Land , they cater to customers for one or two days travel. Farmland intends to develop a resort town in Yongin with luxury hotels, golf courses and resort accommodations catering to customers with families and spend longer time in Farmland. The challenge for Farmland is finding ways to entice customers to spend their vacations with them as opposed to trips to the beach, admission parks, camping trips or staying at home and watch video-movies. The threat of substitutes will always exist as families decide where to spend their money on vacations each year. However, if companies can find a way to remain relevant and offer a wide range of activities for people to engage in like Farmland ,Lotte World , they will be less susceptible to feel the effects of these substitutes and profit levels will continue to grow.

How do the particularities of the South Korean environment alter your analysis? Do you foresee any specific problems? What are the key factors of success? It is best to use the PEST analysis model to evaluate the particularities of the South Korean environment. The analysis measures the market potential and situation, particularly indicating growth or decline, and thereby market attractiveness, business potential and suitability of assess. PEST is an acronym for Political, Economic, social and Technological factors, which are used to assess the market for a business unit, like Farmland. Essentially, the factors are external in nature. The subject of the PEST analysis in this report is to evaluate if Samsung Headquarter should support the business proposal by investing $300 million in revamping Farmland Theme Park. Political Land Use Getting authority approval in building a theme park in Korea could be a tedious process and takes typically 2 5 years before any approval could be granted. This is especially so within the vicinity of major cities such as Seoul where land is scare. The land requires for building or expanding a theme park normally involved considerable large land plot. Ecological/environmental Issue Political issues involving ecological/environmental concerns could hinder a theme park project. Citizens or environmental group affected by the project could raise issue such as noise pollution, traffic congestion, deforestation etc. Premium Insurance for Accidents Legislation requires theme park operators to carry premium insurance for accidents involving visitors as a result of the rides, water sports facilitated.

Economic After the Korean War of 1950-1953, South Korea has progressively evolved into a dynamic industrial society through the decades. By 1990s, educational and public health standards were high so as the average annual income at purchasing power parity (adjusting to the cost of living in the country) standing at USD 13,350 and was growing. This gave indication of the spending

power of the population benefitted from the economy growth that experienced real GDP expanded by an average of more than 8% per year from USD 2.7B to USD 230B in 1989. Tourism in South Korea has been growing over the years. Majority of the South Korean tourist industry was supported by the domestic tourism. Most non-Korean tourists come mainly from Japan, China, Taiwan and Hong Kong. Visitors from South East Asian countries were also on the rise. The popularity of popular culture in these countries has increased tourist arrivals. Seoul is the principle tourist destination for visitors. For the theme park industry in South Korea, the business is one of seasonal and intermittent in nature. The visitor attendance typically peaked during spring/summer and school holiday. For those with outdoor facility, the parks would be affected by the bad weathers such as torrential rains, severe winter condition. Likewise, during the peak period, the industry faced challenges in upholding quality service standard in catering to large influx of visitors. Challenges included manpower shortage, transportation, building management etc. Transportation means in getting in and out of the theme park is an important consideration in attracting the visitors. That is, the location and the accessibility of the park played important criteria in the success of the parks. In South Korea, pacing with economic growth, the government has been developing transportation infrastructure linking major cities and most parts of the developing regions with super-highways, trains, subway, domestic air traffic etc to promote proximity and mobility of people in the country. It was also an important business feature in the theme park industry to continue upgrading its infrastructure through investment in creating more attractions such as rides, shows etc to meet customer loyalties, expectation and repeat business.

Social Rapid economic growth, industrialization and urbanization has shifted the mobility of the population and migration of large number of people from the countryside .Most people now live in urban areas, and a complex structure of social classes had emerged that resembled the social structure of developed Western countries. However, there was continuity with the past. Confucian and neoConfucion ideas and institution continued to have important impact to the

society in the 1990s.Confucian influence was most evident in the tremendous value placed on education, a major factor in South Koreas economic progress. The population of South Korea, sharing a common language, ethnic identity, and culture, was one of the worlds most homogeneous. The attributes gave intense feelings of nationalism to the people of South Korean. South Korea was one of the worlds most densely populated countries. The extremely crowding in South Korea, especially in cities like Seoul and Pusan, was a major factor not only in economic development and in the standard of living but also in the development of social attitudes and the human relationships. The competition for limited resources including space itself is intense. Rapid economic growth, industrialization and urbanization have caused profound transformation in the class structure of South Korea society. The most evidence is the emergence of new middle class mainly residing in urban cities, consisting of civil servants, salaried white-collar workers in large private companies and professionals with specialized training. The number of factory workers has grown significantly as well. Workers in South Korea have the longest work hours among the developed countries. The typical workweek is 44 hours or longer, or five and a half days a week. Most people start their day at 8am and end at around 10pm or later, often having dinner before returning from work. In general, people living in the urban cities like Seoul is under tremendous stress due to the working pressure long hours, crowded environment traffic jam, space constraint small apartment. Naturally, when come to pastime, people will incline towards going to places that offer space and less crowded area to relax. Survey in 1994 shows that south Koreans scored high on visiting places like theme park, nature and historical place for a short one-day holiday pastime.

Technology The theme park industry has three classes of technology inputs (1) the building and construction services that provided landscaping and architectural support (2) the hardware providers that supplied amusement machinery (3) the software providers that supplied management know how. Building and Construction Services

South Korea has been a powerhouse in building and construction technology. Korean conglomerate such as Samsung Corporation, Hyundai Corporation have been renowned for their capability in taking on big and complicated building construction projects. Hardware Providers Hardware Providers are supplier that specialized in supplying amusement machinery such as roller coaster, simulators, Virtual reality etc. to the theme parks. As the popularity of the theme park grows, there is demand in more high technological amusement machinery in attracting crowds. Suppliers of such high quality machinery are few and concentrated in Japan, Europe and United States. They are costly in acquiring and require considerable operating cost in maintenance. Software Providers It is most difficult in developing the management know-how in theme park industry. Theme park leader like Disney has developed successful management know how tools in operating their theme parks and make available educational program to train personnel in delivering world class quality service. However, it was costly and difficult to engage such management software through licensing. Specific Problems Develop quality service to meet customer satisfaction Land use to develop theme park Transportation

Key Success Factors in Theme Park Industry Quality, Safety and Security Customers expect high level of quality along all areas of the theme park. Users also expect adventures and experiences in an artificial environment at a calculable risk. Multivarious, range of options and attractions Theme parks have to offer a wide range of attractions and possibilities which meet the requirement and desire of new multi-optional customers. Emotion

Theme parks need to tell a story and have to impart impressions and emotions as persuasive as possible. Functionality and infrastructure One stop solution taking into accounts of parking, accessibility to and from the park. Branding A corporate branding enables theme parks to create a good image, increase security, trust and recognition to attract customers more efficiently. Innovation A continuing process of innovation and redesign hedges success against changing pattern of customer behavior and fading customer loyalty. Uniqueness The offered product and set of experiences and attractions should be clearly defined to keep uniqueness against competitors and focus on selected segment of customers Weather independency All weather operations ensure a continuous business and declutch service from environmental factors Involvement and interactivity With an increasing involvement and interactivity of the customers the surplus (value added) rise strongly for customers. Escape and imagination Visitors want to get away from everyday life and expect a temporary change by the artificial and illusion stage. Capacity and queue management The management of the capacity during peak and off peak times and seasonal variations in demand are a major factor for success and customer satisfaction Continuity and theming The whole product including all activities and designs should be themed. Customers need to find them clearly. Environment integration Theme parks have to be integrated well into the economical, social and ecological environment of the hosting destination.

The general causes for failure of the theme parks Falling customer expectation Improper marketing and branding Failed location and catchment Inept pricing and hidden cost Negative innovation and investment spital Lacking entrepreneurship and know how. Poor human resource management, bad service attitude.