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Banenruua IIIapnaHoBa

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ea pcKa

ucmopuqecKurnc MyE L ke'optuutta e Co_ fiurtcrcua yHuselrcwnem -Ce. Rauueum

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napdaa nempotoeua". Ifo mezu npdnenu una uayauu ny6rtuKa4uu e cn- -EzteapcKa emHorozun,,.
Hayueu ampydaurc e rcau Emuoapaficrcua uvenumym c .uysefi e zp. Cofiua.

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HapoAHa MeTeoponorwfl
Hapo4ru{ rpeAcraBLr kr r'frpr,arrlas. 3a arMoc$epnur e frBrreHkrfl

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lrHa.{. Illap.lauona, anrop I4:4areacra areuuua @[K


ISBN 954 9908 04 6

llrAarercra areHqran @[K Co$nr, 1999

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BeAeHr4sra Ha Orraup, Wcuog,Buprutmir. Xrznoxpar u

BHKar eAHo Hnr4 Apyro aruoc$epHo

Apucrorel rlpaBqr

rrbpBuTe oflr{Trr 3a u3cneABaHe

Ha BT,3AyrXHHTe [Ipoqecr4 14TaKa cJraraT HaqaJIoTO Ha

rro3t4TnBHara Mereopolrortrfl.

B cpegunre

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TexHr{ nocJreAoBareJrr{ ca yqeHr.r @ranoco$u u

O6uuafi 3a .[:bxA ,,flerepyAa"

raro Aluqeua, Al6epr Beluru (X, XII ner). C HanpeABaHero ua $u:zvecKr{Te HayKH r4 c orKp[T[qra sa lalulefi, ,{erapr, flacral (XVI, XVII nex) ra ua roJreMr,rre yqeHr.{ A. Xyrra6o.xA r,r acrpoHoivla M. Mopa (XIX nex) vrereoponorrrra yrBr,px(AaBa pa3Br4Tr.reTo cr,r r4 npollpaBs. ilT;ts. cr4 Ao AHeC.

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flopaaz HVcKoro
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Ha 3eMqra pBynTaTXTe OT TpyAa Ha CercKt4.fi cTOnaHr4H B MH_


HZUIOTO Ca 3aBI4CenLI I43KJIIOtII4TeJIHO OT

v ilpr4MrTr4BHara o6pa6orxa

Xapalilepa

rropaxAa r{ toJreMr,rs rzHTepec Ha xopaTa r(bM T.sx, crpeMexa re ila 6r4ar [porHo3r4paHu, AopII npeII,I3BI4KaHpI, aKO Ca IIOJIe3HTI, :1^nI4 cTapaHfie_ TO.4a Ce [peAila3BaT OT TsX. llpegcranure 3a cBera Karo.rrApo Ha rpaAr,rquTecTBeHO
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ca [peAcTaBuTe 3a ar-

.Moc$epHlrTe qBreHI4q. Hapo4nara MereopoJlorllq,

eloxa, a ilo_K:bcHo _ n:ss Blz:aHruq. Orrav BeposrHo re ca npeMu:nalrr4 Lr


pI,IMCKaTa vr e]trvI}{LtcTldqecKaTa
B CJIaBtHCKaTa KHAXHI{Ha, HO 3a Cb)KaJIeHI4e OT TqX e

{rnoA Ha .qbnro ucTopHqecKo pa3BHTr{e, e crrcTeMa oT 3HaHrrq, BnpBalJufl, r{ flpeAcraBl.r 3a Irpol,I3xoAa, rcbulHocrra ra Aeficrsuero Ha arrraoc$epurrre fiBJIe'!I*rt, KaKTO I,I 3a Bpb3KaTa Mex,qy Tfr< pr xapaKTepa
npe3 pa3nI,rqHI,ITe qacTI,I Ha AeH.s, npe3 pa3Jrr,rqHr,rTe [epHoALI oT Meceqa pInI4 IIpe3 pa3nllqnna BpeMeTo

VII_XII seK Te ca 3HarrareJrHo npepa6oreuu. ,,la4areJrHr4Te KHr{tr4" ea r,BtpaAeHr,r Btbpxy tailanvs. tro [pr4poAHr{ sBocraHaJro rB:bp,{e MaJrKo t4 B rrepr4oAa
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cnopeA ToBa Te ca HtKonKo ocHoBHr{

Br,rAo_

rrr,rre ce3oHpr. Hapo.qnara MereopoJlorlrs e cblrlecr-

ee. Taxa taAarenHara KHHta ,,I-pbMHuK,, e ocHoBana Bbpxy ta4anr4g, tlo rbpMa; ,,Mrr7nt4fr,o rIbK cbAbpxa ra4.auvIfl,
MeHr,r, ABnxeHr,rero

BeH [Jracr

or rpaAuIIHoHHara 6urapcra

AyxoBHa

Kynrypa u or HapoAHrrs MI,{porJIeA Ha 6urapuna. Llnrepecrr rru cr6upaHero Ia I,I3yqaBaHero Ha HapoAHI4Te npeAcTaBv, BflpBaH'wfl u 3]Jan{vfl 3a aTrvroc$epuxTe
sBJreHI,Lg 14 rIpOlHO3lIpaHerO Ha BpeMe-

rlo MbJrHusra, ,,JfyHuI4KT,T" fa4ae [o llpor{ rroJroxeHrlero Ha Jlyuara. 3e_

MeTpeCeHI,IflTa CA B OCHOBaTa Ha raAaTenHATe KHLI-

tu, Haprv.aHu,,Ceu3vororuKoH". B,,fa4arerHure


Knt4il4", KoHTo rrpe4Br4xt

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oA HvITe gBileHr4g.,

To or ceJrcKHTe cronaHll y Hac e rBtpAe crap. Cne.Aeur,rq 3a raKHBa na6moAesus ce cpeilIar B crapoburapcrara nl,ITeparypa. B ,,OuoMKI,I or KocMor-

Ce CT,AT,pXaT MHOIO aCTpOnOU{r{eCKI4 eIeMeHTII.

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llpe4nolara ce, lre 6r_nrapcrcrare,,raAareJrHr.r rv" ca [peBeAeHr4 or gnsaHrzficru ua crapo6u-

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EO rraK IIpe3 erroxaTa Ha paHHOTO CpeAHOBeKOBT,{e.

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Ha roraBaruHl{Te [o3HaHLIq, aa 6rrat o6scnenn


nprrpoAHr4Te flBilelluIs, Karo lpaAy[rKa, MbJIHufl, Bsj r"bp, rpbMoreBulla, ue6ecsa

glra. llpes VII-XII ser


B KOI,ITO Ca

ca c'b3lia[eHr4 T. Hap. faAaTeJIHI,I KHI'IM,

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noMecreHll npeAcKa3aHl{q 3a MbrHr4flTa v fpbMoreBurrara r4 orraM I,BBecrHI4 ra.ro ,,lpbMoBHI,Iqu".

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crapl,IHHara KHIIXHI4Ha. flpe.qnonata ce, qe

3a BpeMeTo cI4 Te CA I.ABAIU

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xy 6ura na 6:slrapure Ha J[. Kapaoenon, a c6opHuxa sa B. 9olaron (1872 r.). B cnzcanraRra ,,Po4oucnll crapvlur4" (1893 r.) z ,,Po4oncKr,{ Hafipe.qbr" (1903-

flnoAopoAr,rero, Bbpxy 4o6nrrxa. Or npo6JIeMI4Te, 3acefnarl4 B ,,raAareJlHlare KHr{ru'o oco6eHo


raM BT,pxy

l9l2 r.) cbrrlo e orAeneHo Mrcro ua ,,HapogHH BqpBanvrs.

u uporo6xnanrrtf' sa aruoc$epHr4Te

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r{ HapoAHara Mereoponorzs B Po4oncrara

eor. B reKcroBere r4Ma MHoro [peAcKa3aHus.3a roAr.rrIrHI4Te BpeMeHa, KaTO Harlpl,IMep 3a AbxAoBr4TO Jrqro, 3a cyilra, 3a cJIaHa, tleK r{ r. n. l{urepecHo e r4
TOBa, qe faAaHHsTa I]o tpbMoTeBHrII4Te Ha[pr4Mep Ce

o6lacr. B c6opnaxa na B. r{orarcos ce pa3Ka3Ba KaK ce

rrpaBrr cnopeA 3oArlaK:LrrHr,rre 3HarIX. Taxa nanpuMep rbpMbr BJII{3a ,,B rrl-rcJloro ua pz6nre", Toecr noA 3oAr,rsra Pu6u ce nocoqBa, qe roBa o3HaqaBa ,,6laro4ar MexAy qoBerlr,rre no rlqrara 3eMq. lloAo6nu ta4anvrs.3a xapaxTepa Ha BpeMero HaMupaMe s CalaoxoscKr4rr plKorruc or XVII sex. Tosa e 6utrapcxa peAaKIII4fl Ha ,,taIarerHa KHIlra", B KoqTo ce npaB.sr pa3nvarHu [peAcKa3anvrs, tto rroJroxeHr4ero ua J[yuara
r,r

rrpofir,xtrar tpaAoHocHu o6naqn - rbpMr4 ce, 3a Aa ce flo.qnnalllaT opJII4Te, 3a KOI4TO Ce BqpBa, qe [peABoxAar o6laxa;6a6tne r{3HacfiT Ha ABopa rurpocrr4r,r r4 T.H. B c6opm.u<a Ha IL P Cnasefrroe ,,EtrrrapcKr{ HapoA-

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rpbMoreBr{qa, cBgrKaBHIra t{ ,,TpecKaBI.{IIa". Ormcear ce u

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B Te3rr KHAtr4 noqr.rBaT BT,pxy

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BpeMero, o6u'aau ilpIa rpbM, rrpeAcKa3aHpl.s rro rtTHqtrire, nO IIOBA9HI49TO Ha AOMaIXHI,ITO )KI{BOTHIzI, fIO
Mece{r}rHara, rrpeAcranr,r

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ca noBnr4rrJlu $oprvrNpaHero Ha MHoto

or

Ha-

:a o6laqnre.

poAHr4Te npeAcraBr{ 3a qBreHl.lflTa B

arMoc$epara.

flo-:na.rxremro cr6rapaHe Ha Marepr4anr4 rro 6urapcxara Hapo.qHa Mereoponorvfl 3arror-rBa or cpeAara Ha v'r4marvls BeK. B ,,florasaleq" leoprz C. Paxoncxn rrocoqBa ueo6xoguvrocrra or roBa. Cee.qeHrnr IIo TeMaTa ce

flo-cucrevarur{Ho eMrrr,rpr4qeH Marepr,raJr 3a EapoAuara Mereoponotlt.rr 3arrotrBa ila ce ny6nuxyDa Ha crpaHr,rqr.rre na C6HV (1897 r.), s xofiro e oriqctrctr pa3Aen ,,TLlryBaHils Ha rrpupo.uHr,r qBJreHr{q,
EpBarrlu r.r nporo6xBanns". Taxrana Marepr,raJrl,r ce n56mnrynar H Ha crpaHrlrrr.rre ua ,,flepr{oAr.trrHo

cbAbpxaT

ra B

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crrHcaHr{e" Ha EbnfapcKoTo KHTTXOBHO ApyXeCTBO.

cboTBeTHr4s rrepr4oA oT roAHHaTA,

VrJrVt

rrbK Ca cBbp-

llpes

1900

r. e orreqarau c6opurarrr sa Cnac

3aHr4 C HMeHaTa Ha BaxHI4 rIT,pKOBHr4 IIpa3H[IIH, KOraTo ce rraAaT B cboTBeTHr4q MeCeII.

Baqoe ,,HapoAua Mereoponornx. C6zpxa


rap cKpr Hap oIHr4
rr

or 6rl-

v npe,[cKa3Baurfl. 3a BpeMeroo', rofi:ro cbAbpxa 6orar Marepr{an 3a HapoAHara Hr4 Mereoponoruq. B [pe4roBopa KbM r.{3AaHr4eTO aBTOpTjT rOBOpr4 3a fonrMoTo BJItr.aHI4e, Koero,,Bb3AyrrIHI4Te sBreHI4t" cBerrI,IHa, TOfrJrr4Ha, BJrara r,r Apyru oKa3BaT Bbpxy BIdI.a HA xpaHara, o6lerloro u xprnr4rrlero Ha xopara. Cnac Baqos locor{Ba n rorqMara rroJr3a or cr6rapauero u 3ana3BaHero Ha ,,ToBa HapoAHo 6orarcrno 3a HaoroBop
Kr4, rrocJr

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B c6opHuxa ,,Hapo4na Bflpa


poAHr.r o6wratu'"

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14

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Ce IOCOLIBaT BIIII-f,HLIeTO

F.flpATA

Ha napoga" 3a pa3luuHr4Te [pxpoAHvt flBrenu4 Karo

vM B:bpxy 3eMeAenCKaTa pa6ota, a cblrlo raKa I{ HaJll4r{[rero Ha e3llqecKu vt xpkrc-

THSHCKLT penI4II4O3HpI eJIeMeHTI,I B Te3I,r Bb3tJIeAI4.

B rascne4eaHero Ha l[. P Cnasefiroe nrpxy 6urapcKr4Te HaporHr4 o6u'tauvBflpBaHvrfl. cbrrlo e orAeJreHo MrrcTo Ha HapoAHprTe npeAcTaBr{ 3a [pupo.qHnTe

IIIOTO 3eMe[eJ,Me, OT KOeTO BCI4qKI/I O.IareaNAe AO6porrecTraHa Ha HapoAa r,r AbpxaBaTa Hrl".

fBJreHlrs r,r Ha Hapo.qHara Mereoponoruq. CeeAeHr4q

B yeo4a KbM r43cneABaHero na l/roplau Kosa.len ,,HapoAHa acrpoHout4fl" (1914 r.) ce nocovna, qe To e cbcTaBeHo Bt3 ocHoBa Ha MaTepr4aJIV OT c6opuuqure Ha 6parn Mula4raHoBtt, Ha r,r3cJreABaluvrflTa Ha A. Mapuuon, A. Cronlon, K. Illanxapen, B. Qonaros, J[. Kapaeelon, I C. Paxoecxvt, fr. MaToB, KaKTo 14 BT,pxy uonocr6paH Marepr4an or pa3rvlunvr Kpar{qa ua Br;rrapur. Crygutra ce crrr4pa Ha HapoAHr4Te npe4craBv 3a arrvroc$epnxre sBreHr4q Karo o6ta\u, Bqrbp, Ar,xA 14 Epytr4, KaKTo I{ Ha fipe.qcKa3aHvflTa 3a xapaKTepa Ha BpeMeTo - HapoAHara Mereoponorus. W. Kosaqes pa3tnexAa 14
HapoAHHTe HaI4MeHOBaHVrfl, HA MeCeqVTe,
KOT4TO Ce

rK) TeMara ce HaMlrpar nocBerena ua o6pe4lme

u B pa6orara
r4

Ha

A. ftnren,

JrereHAHTe 3a rrLreJrr4Te.

Eorar Mareprlan 3a HapoAHara Mereoponou4q gbAbpxa B noceJrr{xlHr4Te rrpoyqBaHHr Ha CTym mrf, or CoSnficKr4s yHr,rBepcurer or 40-re roAqHr4 rfrm Pouancru). HapogHrare BspBaHr,r.f, r..r rpeAa. r 3a se6ecnara El.,ra ca o6exr Ha r{3cJre.ilBaHero H' IL Crounos. S nocneAur{Te .[ecerr4 rerns, Marepraanr{ 3a HaMereoponorufl, ce ny6luxynar B pervoHanlpqr|IBaHas, rocBeTeHr,r Ha HapoAHaTa KynTyrpafi, n flnosArascrnx rpafi, n Por Crpan4xa, a Co$ux n Co$uficro, e no6If{tan, B a3cneABaHvrfrTa Bbpxy KanaHn B rlacrra, flocBereHa ua 6rnrapcrara

pa3nrlqaBar or re3r4 a oSuqualHr4s KaneHAap vr ca cBT,p3aH[ c Br4Aa Ha rroncKara pa6ora, Tr{nI4r{Ha 3a


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TpaAHrrr{oHHa AyxoBHa Kynrypa B ,,EruorpaSux ua

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I4crau Aa crroMeHa v r43cr.e1.r,annfiTa ila lI. llerpon Bbpxy rroBropHoro qr,@reue Ha pacreHrzq^ra, Ha P Apaxeea 3a BrpBaHr{rra Ha 6t:rrapure,
cBbp3aHr4 cbc crofiaHcKara AefiHocr. rlacrraqno ugcne.uBaHaTa oT Hac TeNra ce 3acflia B r,I3cneIBaHr,rs-

ra sa P llonos Bbpxy

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B

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rrpeAcraBr{Te ua 6'strapuHa 3a rrpr4,1

poAHHTe flBrreHldfl,, 3a HapoAHaTa MeTeOpOrOtr4s, noKa3Ba cboTHorxeHr4eTo

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Te e3HqecKr4 eJreMeHTrr B Te3r4 BflpBAHI-dg^ U [peACTaBI{, KaKTO r4 CbOTHOIIIeHI4eTO Ha pau[oHaJIHI{Te 3HaIlVrfl 14 peJlrrrr4o3HHTe B.SpBaHI,Ifl B TqX, KaKBI4 Ca perHoHaJrHr{Te pa3nvrvr4s, B Te3r4 BflpBAHr4s. r4 rrpeAcTaBr4

BcneAcrBne BJrr{rHrrero Ha reorpa$crara cpeAa.

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HAPOAHT4 |TPEACTABTAW B-gPBAHI4fl 3 A ATMO C OEPHI4TE flBJ7EHT4fr


Hapo4uure [peAcraBr4 vt BflpBan:as.3a arMocSepHure sBJreHr,rr ca cBbp3aHr,r c exeAHeBHara rpyAoea AefiHocr Ha ceJrcxufi crorraHl,IH rr c HeroBlrq crpeMex re Aa 6lAar orro3Harr,r ra [oAr{r4HeHra. B pe3ynrar Ha MHoroBeKoBHr4Te ua6moAenrafl Bbpxy rrepLIoAprqHo flporrlrraul[Te B arMoc$epara ,aBreHuq ce e cTr4tHaJro Ao oTKpHBaHe Ha peanHl{Te Bpb3Kr,r MexIy re3r,r sBreln:as,. Te ce npe4aBar or rroKoJreHr{e Ha
noKoJreHrre KaTo rroTBbpxAeHlre Ha ceJrcKocTorraHc-

HA OT AIIMA, KOI'TTO lli.3Jlll{3A OT KOMI{HHTE HA K:F,IIIHTC

lr nofiro Eor reuu c KyKr,r Harope. Te gsulo ea vr or 6qra er,rHa r4 [aMyK t4 uIoM ce HaMoKp.sr r,r Harexar, rrycKar Ar,xA. llpe: paslN.rHrrre ce3oHn o6larlr,rre ce yflpaBnsBar or pa3nr4qHr4 cBerql{. ftasuuq:r EM 3a[oBeAnux o6aqe e cBerr4 l4nun, Kororo HapoilTjt Idapr4'4.a,,fp:bMoJIoMHuK" r{Jrr{,,fpbMoBHL{K". flpu uo4nl6ara rta cBera Ha Hero ce rraAHaJrr,r nerrorre o5raqv, a Ha 3wMuvts. cBerr{ Aranac ce naAHaJrE 3r{MHr4Te o6naqu. Ceeru fulsmq ceAr{ HaA o6laqlrTe, rrbAero Ayxar ,,6ecr^t4 BerpoBe", x Abpxll KJrroqoBare or ne6ero. O6laqnre el4narv ca Br4coKo HaA 3eMrTa r{ TaKa HapoAbr cr4 rH rrpeAcTaBs KaTO HeUIO, uErro ce BlrxAa nafi-Hasucoro. Bxpsa ce, qe nal o6-aaq re r*rrofi He Moxe [a rerv,3arlloro raM 3anot[Laffa DrrbpBara gr4nra" na ne6ero. Hapo4urre u3par Jern rag o6laqrzre" I,r ,,Oprure xBbpqar Ns o6"nryrec o3Har{aBar xMeHHo,,Hafi-Bl4coro". Bxpna ;rG frc Te ca u arbHrla or craAoro Ha cBerrr l4lus. Crqwrnyna u npe.qcraBa, qe o6laqure ce o6paor trapara, Ko.sro KonecHr,rrlara Ha cBerrr l4xus f,rrs qe focnoA n{ 3aK;rroqBa B flerqepr4, 3a Aa
IIOTOII, II IIO HeTOBO HapexAaHe cBeTHqTa

Kara rrpaKTuxa. Oco6eH r.{HTepec ca [peAcraBJrsBaJrv


oHe3r,r

[p[poAHr4 qBJrc{r!{q, KoIrTo HerlocpeAcTBeHo


ra

oKa3BaT BrI,'.flHI'Ie Bbpxy [nOAOpOAr4eTO nO Hr.rBrrTe r{

Bbpxy 3ApaBero Ha xopara

go6zrrra. Crpeuexrr MOJII/ITBI{, OMI4-

ga srsAeficrBr4e BT,pxy [pupoAHr,rre.sBreHr4q Lrecro e CBbp3aH C I4paUIIOHanHI4 npaKTI4KI4

JrocrrrBlrreJruu o6pegu, MarrrllecKr{

.qefi

crsIas.

O6raqu
Hapognara npe-4crana, rroBJrr{sHa or xpr,{crr,r{HcrBoro, cBbp3Ba o6raqure c locuog rr cBerl4l,rue. BrpxoneH rocfioAap cropeA HapoAHara rrpa e focuog, roftro e Ha[paBr,rJr o6laqur:e Karo roJreMH [Jralaula.u. Crqecrnyna u [peAcraBa, Lle re ca o6patyraI4

nI

B napoaHrre raraHKr,r o6narrr e ouprlnrrr{eH QeIr Ha xbJIM BI.ICA.'. krJrhr,,cKoKHa rrepyBCr{rrKaTa 3eM-{ roT'bpcr.L"

rpxcrn HcKr,r ilpeAcranra y 6urapr,rre 3a ga odnaqxTe, cBbp3anu c loenoA ra


oE trperrnETaT H cbrrIecTBJrBaT

yc[opeAHo

I5

c [peAcTaBVTe c npeAxpl4cTt flHcKrf, e3trqecKrr npo-I'I3XOA, CBT,p3aHI4 r{eCTO Cl['C CBpT,XCTCTBOHI4 MII^tr q]F^r cbruecTBa. I4seecrHo e rB:bpAeHHeTo, qe cBe-

TBbpAqr, rre BoAara s o6rar{qre caB3!i}da e.Tne6elo, KbAero rrMa MHoro or Heq, r,r Koraro Ha6{tu)y,v,Ear,aOT Heg 3alOr-IBaJIa .{? CJIII3&:HaAOJIy I4 XaTO ce cr6upa-na Ha eAHo Mrcro, rara ce., o6pa3ylanu.v

JI', qaCT

TV I4n\fr e oHacneAI4I CIAB.flHCKOTO 6OXECTBO HA tbpMa r4 Mr,JrHr4sra rlepyu, T:bfi Karo rofi ce cpeqa KaTO rOClOAap Ha o6laqure y BcuLIKtI Iorou3ToqHl{ QraBs]F^Lr. Eguqecxure npe.qcraBl,I orbx(AecrBf,Bar o6laqure c AlrMa, KofrTo xaJII4Te H3rlycKar or ycraTA QVr,3a Aa Ce cKpl4qr oT 3MefioBere, krtrl4 qe ce ila3.sT B [eUIepLI rIaK

o6laqare. O6laqrare Morar Ea v3nwsr MHoro BoAa, Te ca Karo croHtep n aKo focno.q He ce HaMeGr4; T
qe ue IIoToIIJT 3eMgTa. qe xaJIrITe ru.flT MHofo BoAa, 3a Aa Brpna ce, racqr crpeJrraTe, Kor{To siuefiosere [ycKar rroAlrp Tffi, [r raKa ce lonyqaBanr,r [opol4Te u 6ypure., B uapo4Hnre rrecHr{ qecro o6laxm e orr,xAecrBeH c:bc srefi. Thxa sNaefi BAr,rta MoMa sa -rrpr6e: ,,T2,*tea ce ofttarc sadade, us o6ttarc ce ?rac saqyea: ,, - Ron rvtoMa ttu6e unua, tu6e aana sano6euo, ma da il sneil an6oeuu4a...,", a e dpyea neceH: ----nadaaxa meterHu o6na4u, ElKHtxa cuJtHu dz'tcdoee, Padxa e o6tta4u nom6Ha..." eqpcg r{apoAHH rrpeAaHr,rf e3epaTa,uo Prara

IIIe I{3[I4flT

TOJIKOBa BOAa,

or

xaJII4, I,IJII rI:bK r{e Te Ca KOII{-

Te,

c Kor.ITo xaJII4Te [peKapBaT fpaAyluKaTa, KosTo lpaBqr. Hapo4uara [peAcraBa o6scuqsa luarvl.ryteTO Ha BOAa B O6laqprre IIo pa3nl4rleH HaitrrH, KaTo Harrpr{Mep, qe xarLITe v3!'I,,IAnv BOAara AO TsX Xrl{
r{e 3MeitoBe crlycKar A:bJrtxre cI4 orIaIxKIr B Mopero,

cMyqar BoAa orraM, rrlrrt qe ne6ecnara Atra Bbprrrr4 ToB.a, vrv qe re caMI4Te ce cnycKaT B peKI,I,
3a

[a

Mopera 14 \r4flT BOAa. 3aroBa, Koraro Ha He6ero n.slta o6raqu, ce Ka3Ba, r{e re ca orI4lrJII4 Aa ce ,,Hafrvrtr c BoAa or Mopero". FaHarcKIare 6t:rapu BqpBar, qe o6raqnre ,,[ryBar'o no ue6eto, a BoAara
e3epa
r,r

B TflX Ce AOKapBa OT MT,pTbBIII{.

V napola cbulecrByBa Ir I43BecrHa paq[oHanHa rrpeAcraBa ga o6raqure Karo ra3l4, qe flapara, Mbr:riara s Irp., Kotro ce HaMI4pa B Tqx, ce o6ptula rrn BOAa, HO TaKaBa BOAa, ,,Ha KoflTo o[Ie He e Aolllno
BpeMero.qa fla,qHe Ha3eMflTa". IrlurepecHo e I,I TBbpAeHrrero, qe BoAara e o6raqure ce ct6npa or LI3rIapeHr,r.sra

maBeAHbx v3nr4BaHv Ao KanKa oT xaJrr4Te

na 65px, Koqro HapoIbr.cr4 o6scH.f,na Kalrc,T.4y xalrytv gNaefiose, Bupegctana,re na oe pa3nr'{qaBar ,,fl.crr+" l,t ,rTb14gu.' .q6Ja-

6enrre o6laqra
rese

re locno4 r4lrvr: alrlenl4Te.


17

T9 rtrG,G&.onacnu, :rbfi

ir or

patnl4qHl4 BoAHu 6acefisu.

Hsrrg

xaABT- B or6err3axMe, ToBa ga.g5-r-raqu-

l-

I6

Te Ha cBerfi L4nus,. Bxpea ce cbrrlo, qe 6elrare o6na-

ql,r ca [bJrHr,r c Bo.qa. B napo4Ha neceH ce pa3Ka3Ba,

qe

or raKbB qceH o6rax e AoJrersno

nr,IJIe coKon

r,r

[aAHilrro Ha Kon.sHoro Ha rlap AceH, r,r or KnroHa My rlaAHano. rrrrcMo, Koero cro6rqasaro Ha rlap.f,, qe

Toecr o6lara, B Apyra nocoKa. Cperua ce r{ Bspa, qe resu o6rarlr4 ca orrarrrxrlTe Ha 3Mefione, c Kor,rro re trr,rsr BoAa or peKr4Te 14 c Kor4To rpa6sar MoMH or xoporo. rlecro roBa e orpa3eHo nrn Solnlopa:

,,qapcrBoro My Aorpaqroo'. B [pr4Ka3Ka ce pa3Ka3Ba ce fBIaItI.d IIpeA IIbpBr4q eofisoAa Ha qapx Karo ,,Tpr4 cypr4 eneHa'., 3a 4a My Kaxar cburo, qe qapcrBoro My ,,Aorpaf,Jro". Te3u eJreHra H3re3nra cbrrlo or 6xr, .sces o6rax la flocJre
r,r 3a TpI,IMa cBeTrIr{, KoxTo

,,[o6po, MoJile tte, ,\o6po! 3adu'vuxa flo6pa dea mt.uuu o6"qarca, ma ca n omHecrtu zope HagucoKo, dyp ua cuHbo ue6o!" Hapo4uara Bqpa Ka3Ba, qe B TT,MHr4re o6laqra caMomBr,rre rrpaB_sr rpa4a. B Hapo4Hara lreceH ce rree:

naK ce cKpr,rn[ B Hero.

TivrHnre, o6na\u rrbK ce [ocperlar c roJIflM crpax or ceJrcKtlfl crorIaHI4H, rtfi raro or
qepHr4

otlrrT ce 3Hae, qe c Tgx I4ABaT roJIeMI,I tpaAyIXKI,I, HaBoAHeHr{s n olycrorrreuu.s. B 3ataAna

Eurapur re-

3r{ TIMHI{ rpaAoHocHra

o6laqz ce n4eurN$r,rrlr4par Karo ,,xaJla" 14 ce r.apr4.t^ar rara" Tosu o6lar e Ha ,,npbuKlao', KoI4To ce [p[IeMar 3a Kpl,ilara 14 ofialrlKara Ha xarara. Koraro JIerlI, Tg rlycKa orbH, a
cIIyCHe JII4 OnaIIIKaTa cvt, TOBa e 3HaK, ile ufe arraa 6yps v rpa[yuxa. B 3auaAsa Er-rrapur ce BqpBa, qe

,,Ca'uoduea epad zpaduta, Hu Ha ue6o, uu Ha 3etvtn, moKy cpedu mbA4eH o6rtaK..." Mnoro pa3rrpocrpaHeHo e BqpBaHero, r{e rbMrrr o6raK HaKa3Ba xopara 3a cropeHr,rre or rsx "ilFoBe- TaKa e HapoAHa rreceH ce rree, qe locno.{ e MaHacrvp, Ho HI4To ua ue6eto, HIaTo Ha a no cpe.qara, vt ro B TbMeH o6lan. I4z r.sdlrar ce qyn crpaxoBr,rr tJrac: -Vdpu, ebptvru, zpbttt o6HuK Llnua, Ydpu oeou, oeHeHa Mapuilo, Vdpu eoda, eodeH ffaHmeren...", oc Eaxaxar xopara 3a rexHrrre rpexoee. fo-

resu o6raIII4 ca noABnacrHr4 Ha AeMoHr.rqHrrf, [epcoHax {xepvraH, lepvau. C rosa o6lar xaJra oe 6usr Ao6pure srvrefiose, Kolrro ca crorraHr4 Ha cerfirrrero. Te ce npeAcraBqr Karo MJraAr4 Kpr,rnarrz Mbxe, rroMoIqHI4I{I,I Ha cBerrr I4lus, n 6op6ara My c xarnre. C rbMHr{Te o6naqu ce 6ue u open Kpbcraq r
aKo B ceJlcKt4s. av]'jlop nNaa sN,refi r,rJrr{ TaKbB opeJr, To Te r43Jrr{Tar BI,IcoKo s He6ero
14

e, aKO Ce npa3ur{K. flax s HapoAHa fleceH o6nar uaTpal].drJJ.4fl

cilopeA HapoIHaTa

T(xM

rpnc
aHzapun

"{NWq cfiupatt,Qanuau re
lrrg.teg dea, ua Httuudeu.

orKroHqBar xaJra'a

ce dea o6aarca,

I8

I9

ma ce oHu czoSopunu: - I4o da quuua ua fianunu?

na uy
tr'l.nn olrle:

mpeu4utvt apeambemo..."

,,Cmpuzatt nu feopeu uuJreHqa ua l,ItuudeH, ou4e Mapuudeu..." r4 3aroBa e HaKa3aH or rtMHHTe o6laqu. Bxpna ce, r-Ie aKo r:L'MHI4Te O6naUU Ce C6Wt, TO Ha rOBa MflCTO UIe naAHe gN,Iefi u xle BanI4 A6XA. B:snperu qe cr,xlecTByBar HfiKOlr pell4oHanHK pa3nvl,vq B [peAcTaBI,rre 3a qepHl4 u 6etu o6nar{u, rloBceMecrHo ce BqpBa, qe r:[,MHI4qT lpaAoHoceg o6lax BI4HafI{ ce BoAI{ or,, LIepHo ill4lle", ),frtl[le opre",,, cyKre",,, Kbopaso unle", ,pai4vapKa", ,,Ha8.flK"... To I,IMa lHe3Ao Ha qBopoBo .(:bpBo H cl,ueBpeMeHHo 6panil or

crpenr uo mo6paxaeMoro rrrrJre, Koero ru npeABoxAa. T:stren o6lar ce [poroHBa r4 nocpeAcTBOM L{3pI4r{aHe Ha cJIoBec}lv Maluu I{ 3aKilvHaHt4s. Crapu xeHr4 BAoBr,rrIV ce 3atoJrBar cpeuy o6lara c BAratHarr4 ttorv v.rv tneAar cpeuy Hero Irpe3 cvTo, cbulo cbc 3aKJIVHaHEg.
To ra3rr Aa ce

Arxa
O6uopasnpocrpaHeHo y 6r,nrapr4Te, rroB.rrfisHO OT XpkrCTI4sHCKaTa penr4fvlfl, e B.gpBaHeTo, r{e
-xb;r(,tsT ce rra3r{

e o6naqure v ce.qaBa or l-ocloA

5or. Bxpara Ka3Ba cr,rrlo, qe AT,x.qrjr r{Ma r.rerupr4Ma moctrorapfi crrope4 ce3oHa, no nafi-maunuflT or rsx,
M[rne:lnreJr.rrr e cBerr4

l4tux, rofiro Abpxr,r

r4

Knroqo-

rpa4.

BxpeaHero, r{e opn}r BoAqr tpaAoHocHure o6-

rar\r4, e 3aJIerHaJIo B MHoto HaporHll [ecHI{. Tara e rreceH or CeuqoecKo ce pa3Ka3Ba KaK ,,Ilpaea ca n'ladun u3nqasu, mbr4eH ca o1narc sadade, do dea ?o oprta eodexa, dea opta, qepHu ?apBaHQ..." Cnope4 HapoAHoro B.f,pBaHe He e Ha xy6aeo' aro o6raqure ce o6pa3yBar Karo xopa uaxyn. Taxa rrpeAcTaBeHI4Te HapoAHV BflpBAH.I,j.s, l{ [peAcTaBI{ 3A c:brrlHocrra 14 [pol43xeAa Ha o6lauure xMar rlpe,4I{MHO B llo-lorqMa'fa cv LIacT [IpaquoHaJleH xapaf,rep. Taruna ca cborBerHo u TIpaKTHKlrre, I{en-ilEs -xa[peArra3BaHe or rbMHI'ITe tpaAoHocHu o6laqu,
20

He6ero. Koraro [pr4poAHr,rre cruxr{r4 ce lp@mpeJer-rqru Me)KAy uafi-nonyJr.rrpHr4Te cBeTVrv, Te

or

Mro

ctrope.d HapoAHara Bflpa ca r{ TexH[ [aTpoHr4,

^Ifaduattu i.ty ce ttemHu zpbMomesuqu, naduattu Jvry ce JtemHu mpecKasuLlu, da cu nemu nod cuutomo ne6o, ds cu remu cbc mbi4Hume o6ttaqu, do a6upa u4bertu u o6ta4u, 'fu lar,Ltprtea e Vepuomo rvtope, M Eatqprtsa, ou4e da omrcttrcqea, ilu cu daea poca u dz,zcdeee." (s HapoAHa
Mnmrorcpgreq. cBbp3aH c'bc cvrvrre na He6ecHa-

2I

Ta BJrara, AeHsr Ha JrerHr4f,

Hnnyl4eH (9 vafi) cbxlo

Ba

\a

Banr{, He

cilvpa cKopo. Cnoroftn[q,

cr4THvrs

or 6rlrapnre Karo [oBeJrrrreJr Ha AbxAa. B uapogua rreceH or EraroesrpaAcKo ce ilee, qe


ce [oqrzra

,,.-.dett6a dettam qemlopuqa 6pamn c6emu llemap u ceemu Llttun, c6emu iloeau u clemu Hurcona. fen ce nadua Ha ceemu froeaua, nadua Jily ce cmydoee, ttedoee, det ce nadua Ha c6emu Llttun, den ce nadna zpbtvtose, mpecKose, den ce nadna Ha ceemu Hurcona, nadua Jvry ce eodeue dott6orcu, dett ce nadua Ha cBemu au lfempa, dett ce nadua )rceeoge, neKoge..." Cnope4 [peAxpr4crr4qHcKr4Te e3r4qecKrr rrpeAcraBI,I A1XASI IIbK e IIOABIaCTeH I'I Ce KOMaHABa OT XaJfi4Te 14 gvrefiosere. B uapo4ruax $olruop, raraHKr4,
[oroBopKr4 cbrr{o e oTpa3eHa BfrpaTa 3a ToBa rrpr4poAHo sBreHue. Taxa B faraHKI4 cpeulaMe ,,9eKar Me, BI{-

AbxA, Tnxvs, 4.pe6uun AbxA Hapogbr HapIaqa,,KpeIIIEK.', ,,KporrrK", ,rcI4T", ,,c\rr[a 6lara poca" 14 Ka3Ba, r{e p:LMI4, pOCpI, a KOfaTO IT,XAbI IIaAa Ha nO-eApta KailKI4, ce HapvI,t^a,,BrartH.f,K'o v ce cqura 3a MHoro 6larouprzrreH 3a peKoJrrara, 3auloro BcrKa Ka[rKa rrorrr4Ba, rofi Hafi-Au6oro MoKpr{. Eyn nopoeu AbxA HapxLlar ,,6yvHflK", ,,6yaHaK'o,,,6yBbHbK" I{ ce trpneMa nafi-qecro Karo BpeAeH, AoBex(Aarrl Ao HaBoAHeHr,rq 14 orlycrorrregwg,.3a,,rorr" ,u:bx(A ce tlplteMa vr ro3ra, xofiro BaJrH Ha Caerra gyx. Crrqecrayaa HapoAHa JrereHAa, clopeA Kosro AlxA:sr Bce [rrraJr cBerrr I4nux KbAe .qa nanu, a roit orroBapqn: ,,K:bgero 14 Bgepa." Koraro MHoro r,aIttr, rrapoAbr Ka3Ba, q.e cair6usra Ha Abx(Aa e 3acilar v IIIILIIeTO, KOeTO nOAra O6laKa, tO [r{TaJIO ,,[e ga P,AnI{M AHecKa?", a rofi, cnefixu, orroBapnl: ,,[exa Bqepa, AHecKa raM.'o Brs ecr4qxN o6pe4uu xrs6ose Ab)KATir e npeAcraBeH qpe3 se6ecnara .q:bta, cr4MBOJI Ha rrnOAOpOAr4eTO.

Kar Me, rora AofiAox, crrre no6erutat'o ulra ,,Ifupeen 6Nx nras rlore poBe", a B notoBopKa ce Ka3Ba: ,,Cytpe:
rxeH Abx,4

B uapo4Hnr

$olxlop

lrMa MHoro 6rarocroszr4


p.aaa,

frbTHr{K, a BeqepeH

rocTeHr4H."

3a A:sxA, Karo HartpaMep Kyxepcxara 6rarocJroBxq,

CercrIaqr crorraHr4H rrocpeua AbxAa c 6laroAapHocr r4 ro B:b3[pr{eMa Karo 3HaK 3a,qo6poro orHorxeHlre Ha locuog KbM xopara. B TtpnoBcKo BspBar, qe rnyx aHreJr poAr.r A:bxAa. Eor My Ka3BaJr ,,Bog[ ro, Aero e r{epHo, Aero He e BaJLflJIo", a'toil, paz6upan,rAero Br{epa e BaJrtJro" u rIaK TaM fo BoAen, [opaAl{ ToBa ce BgpBa, lle TaM, KbAeTO 3alor{22

Korro Ka3Ba: ,,Bor nro4opoAl4e Aa

AbxA

Aa

3anarra.'l Hapo4na rreceH c:brrlo 3aBbprxBa c 6larocnoBHt 3a A'bxa: ,,Ra.meve eoda no Kama (uvrero Ha AyAy-

xara), maKa da epoue doruo, 3eJvrn da uamonu, fpercem da ce podu!"


23

lllpnzxr rr,xA, xofiro BanH rrpe3 vrapr


Lrecro Ha

(Hafi-

I vrapr).

ce c\rr4Ta 3a JIeKoBrrr rr Ha Heto ce

.[r,x.q r4 cpeil{y rpaAyrxKr4, KoeTo ce o6scnqea rrMeHHo c B.flpara, a{e ro3r.I AbxA, rofiro
npe.4r43Br4KBaHe Ha

npurII4cBa MatttlrecKa cula. HapI4lrar to ,,frpbB AbxA" H oxle ,,MaprI,IH AT,xn" pI or Hero flpl4torBqr oqer raKa: cr,6zpar AT,xAoBHara BoAa 14 q Bapqr B eAr4H cbA, cneA ToBa.s ocraBsr HaB:bH 40 aluu14BspBar, qe clel 40 AHr4 rrle craHe Ha orrer v c Heto Morar Aa neKyBar cpeuy ypoKr4. B fhon4uncKo c raKaBa BOAa rrp:bcKaT rr3 r(T,rrlr4Te 3a 3ApaBe

ce nycKa

or

cBerl4

leopru,

e I4 JIeKoBpIT.

Cu:rso ce BqpBa, qe MHoro 4o6pe e Aa Banr4 Ha IrfuuHgeH ra sa CnacoBAeH, Karo ro3r4 A:bxA cbrrlo ce
[pr4eMa 3a JreKoBrrrr r4 Hocerq 6eperer. 3arosa olu.uas 3a rr3MoJrBaHe
BceKrr

us Ha .qr,x4 ,,flenepyAa" ce [eqr

necHu B r{ecr Ha cBerr4 Wstus. HqruAe rrpueMar, qe

vnv
r4

3a Ea

nporoH.sr 6r,lxure. Cqrara ce, qe


ce Ka3Ba: ,,3aitue Ta, BCe e 3apap."

,,MaprrrHr{gr
3aroBa

A:bxA" noArroMata pacrex(a Ha [neBeJI[Te,

Ia

ce r 3nvrKae B Hr{BI,ITe rrpe3 Map14

C rorsN{a paAocr

rroqr{T ce trpxeMa

AT,x{A:r;r,

rofiro BaJrr4 Ha lepmon4eH, rsfi raro ce B.spBa, qe rofi Hocz ror.flM 6eperer. ftN4a, xofiro Banr{ ilpe3
Ilenr4s fepfboBcKr4 Meceq, HapoAST tl.ap:z.IA ,,AIrTble" V Ka3Ba, r{e ,,BcqKa Ka[Ka oT tepfboBcK]r.g A:bx(A e XT,JI-

rrbxA go flerpoeAeH e ,,8o6'bp", a cneA Hero AbxAT,r e ,,rollr'0, 3arlloro MoKpI4 v pa3Bang. cHorlrrre. Clrqecrnyaa r{ BspBaHe, qe ,,aKo [pe3 Mapra He Kalre, a Jrax(Ka a[pl4n I{q He 3arlpe, rorqM 6eperer ilIe e". Karo 6oNus. noru'r6a HapoArjr rrpIaeMa, axo AbxqqBr Bzurr/r TorrT,n u I\o]g.acq xa6qera, pu6xu u ,,,qplrl4 Herla". AIro AINAIT flaAa ,,KtpBaB, .{epBeH", TOBa Ce npr4eMa Karo rrpeABexlaHr,re 3a foJreMr4 Hetr\acrr4fl, roftur4, Tex(KI4 I4 KT,pBaBV roAIrHIr. Bapaa ce, qe KT,pBaBr,rsT AbxA e HaKa3aHr,re 3a fpexoBeTe Ha xo-

T:zga". B uapo4nure [ecHrr I4 IrpzKa3KI,I To3I4 .q:bxl e


cpaBHqBaH cbc 3JraTHa rlapcKa KonecHr4qa Hnr4 c uapcKa KopoHa. CroNenr 3a reprboBcKr,rq A:bx.q ce cpe-

rrla B pa3nvr,rHr4 Bapr4aHT[, KaTo Harrpr4Mep B HapoAHara rrpr4Kaara ,,I{apcrara KopoHa He crpyBa KoJrKoTo rcpfloBcKl4q A:bxA", B KoflTo Ilap.gr IIHTa KorKo crpyBa qapcKara KopoHa (s apyr BapvaHT craBa AyMa 3a cpe6r,pHo pano Lrnr4 3JrareH naleuruvx) v celrfrHt4H5r My OTfOBap{, qe He cTpyBa KoJrKoTo fepfboBc-

npelro6o4e nuue, y6ui,tcrno. KprnocMerrleHr,rero Br,rHar[ ce e [pveMaJro or Hapora xaro uafi-rotsM rpflL B Hapo4na [ece]r eHHr.rapI4H pa3rro3HaBa cecrpa crL v raKa ce npeAorBparflBa Kpr,BocMerrrenne. Karo 3HaK 3a roBa Ha ne6ero ce -gB-gBa.,,vop para

TeBeH

KXr ArbxA. B o6peguux KoMrrJreKc Ha

leprtonleH

Ha-

Mr4paMe peAr4ua Marr4qegKr4 Eefi,crsus, ra npaKTraKr4 3a


'')

o6rar, KbpBaB Abxr BaJrIa". B apyra HapoAHa rreceH - ,,Cecrpa po6nnr u 6par eHrvaptrrr'o - ce pa3Ka3Ba 3a roBa, KaK K:bpBaB AbxA traAa or se6ero 3a HaKa3aHvre, qe 6par -f,Hxoriro B3r,rua lepraHa 3a xeHa, a rs My 6Iala cecrpa. Krpnanurr AbxA e HaKa3aHr4e vr 3a roBa, qe 6aula rl Abrrleps

o6rar, qep

TeBeH

25

ce xeHqr. B uapo4na fleceH


MeHrze B qepKBaTa, 3a

rofi ce frBsBa Karo 3Ha-

ila [pe.qoTBpaTr{ tpexa: ,,Ramo sbs qepKola 8,4e,4u, rca ud utt ama ugnad u attu,
Ka"eyeepume us1ecuetu...

sadatto, rcbpeas e dztlrcd 3a6atlJtJ,ro.-."

Ttueu ce o1ttarc

ear", Koraro Bzulu I4 fpee cJIbHIIe, ce Ka3Ba, qe,,MeqKa ce xeHr.r". Hapo4uara vnpa o6xcuna cvltnvrre nopola u6ypwre Karo r,B[pareHu or locuoA, 3a Aa HaKaxe xopara 3a rpexoBeTe r{M, KaTo Hanpr4Mep 3a He3aKoHHopo4eHo Aere, 3apoBeHo B 3eMqra - ,,Aere enpeirue'.. Eypure ce o6gcnqear tI Karo AeJIo Ha ,,HaBkt", KotITo ca HeKpbCTeHI4, yl\ilpenH Ae\aVnV AeIIa, pO.qeHI{ OT MOMII. Brpna ce sbrrlo, ue nopofi u4rav axo na6ruso e 3apoBeH MbprBelr r,r 3a Aa ce clpe rrpupoAHoro 6egcrnue, rofi rpx6ra la 6rAe rBpoBeH. llopofi 3arrr.rBa AaAeHa rcbrrla H aKo raM ca HapyrxeHr,r HrKopr sa6pauu, xaro Harrpr,rMep ra3v ra ce pa6ora AoMarrtrra pa6ora n lpa3Hr,rrreH 4eH. Tona e pa3Ka3aHo n B HapoAHara rreceH ,,Be3ala ua Be-nnrra flerbK - 3aBJreqeHa ol: [opofi". flpe4cranure 3a rropouu6ypu qecro ce cBbp3BaT OT HapOAa CbC 3MeeBe, KOI4TO HOCST KaMbHI4

Eanarcrure Osrraplr cbxpaH.flBar Ao K:bcHo e3l4qecKn BfipBaHnq 3a A:bx(Aa, KaTo fo HapuLIaT ,,Kl4rra" 14 B.apBar, .{e rofi ce rIa3I4 or enaeff LI K:bAero
BaJrI4, TaM e naAHan 3Me_rrT.

B MHoro

HapogHure r.flpBaH:nx 3a ,,4o6T,p" 14 ,,Jroril" A:b)KA ror.sMa crerreH ca Soprrarapaur4 B pe3ynrar Ha


Ha Bp:b3KaTa MeX.4y BanexrrTe

HerrocpeAcrBeHlrre Ha6mo4eHuq Ha cercKris cronaHr4Il


Yr yCTaHOB_sBaHeTO

u 6epenera [pe3 roArrHara. Taxa Abxrr,r, Kofrro sanu [pe3 arrpr4n, ce cB:bp3Ba flprKo c rrnoAopoAr{eTo no
x{}ITOTO, KOeTO e OTpaXeHI4e Ha eAHa [pUqI4HHO-CneA-

oT MOpeTO, UIM C TOBa, rle Xana CIIyCKa OIIaruKaTa

crBeHa Bpb3Ka B flpr4poAara. B napo4ur{Te [peAcraBr4


r4Ma
14

paur4oHanHo o6qcHeHr4e Ha A:bxAa Karo roBa,

la ce [pe.qorBparr4 HaBoAHeHpre, ce rrpaBsr pa3nr,rqHr,r Marvrr4. B flrosAr,rscKo Aerlara pe.4sT Ha 3eM.sTa Kp:bcT oT qepBeH KoHerI I4nr,r oT
crr KbM 3eMsra. 3a

rofi ce o6pa:yna or MopcKara BoIa, Koqro ce B,4r4fa or Mopero rr r4EBa K:bM cyuara. Flxr:s4e Ka3Bar, r{e Hacl6pa:rara ce v HarexaJra e o6rarrure BoAa ce r{3IrvBa v,,AeTo ce IET"bpcr{ o6laxrt, rana na:ru". ftNAsr ce e6scussa z c oxJraxnaHero ua o6larlvrre or Brqe

KJreqKrl. Izlsnrprunar

ce r{ Ipyru

upaur4oHilrrHr,r

rrpaKTr4Krr c npe.4[a3Baru xapaKTep, KaTo Ta3v Ea ce

TLpa r4ntr oT Aorrvpa trM cbc cryAeHaTa

3eM-s.

Koraro Hanponer Hnr4 npe3 Jrsroro BaJrr4 cvrer .[T,XI il r43fpee cJI:bHIIe, TOtaBa Ce tto.sBflBa ,,MT,H:b",
TOtaBa [oceBI{Te, JIO3.gTa, 3eneHLryIII4Te Ce ,,MbHOC26

H3BaxAar HaBbH, o6lpuaru c ocrpzero Hatope, MorIlKa, 6pagea, cr,p[, rIoA KoI{To e noctarlaHa con. Cperqy HaBoAHeHr4 fl, vt ttopov ce rroqrrra cserr,r fIaHrelefi (9 anrycr), KofiTo cropeA' .trpepaanr4sra e BnacreJrrrH Ha re3r,r ieqcrsus. B 3analna BuraprEr na Er4nz Beqep ,,KaHfiT" flxepuan Ha rpafle3ara.

27

Cyura
Henocpe4crBeHo cBT,p3aHr.r c HapoAHr,rre rrpercraBrr 3a AbxAa ca re3r4 3a rrprdpoAHoro 6eAcTBr4e cyma v 3a npwiltHr4Te 3a uefiHoro Hacrr,rlBaHe.

llo

csos [por43xoA Te ca

e3r4r{ecKr,I r4 xpr4crn-rrHcKr{,

nonanJtu, 6oey nouottuau. Cuuttutz A,tu ce caru csemu Httua, ma OmKnPqu mbJvtHume l4OPemA, ma omnycmHa JvtbznLt u O6na4U. LI sapocu cumHa muxa poca, u 3aeaJre peyH cumeu datrcdery
U HAK\ACU 3etvtLnmL, ZOpAmQ."

HO r,r B ABaTa Br.{Aa C:brqecTByBa orleH:br{Ho-HopMa-

TI{BeH eJIeMeHT. llosce\,IecrHo ce B.f,pBa,

qe cyrrra

Kaxro seqe 6e or6enssaHo, Karo uafi-rolstvl

Hacr:blrBa

raro 6oxue

HaKa3aHue, Karo fiocneAcr-

rpfl(

Br4e or cropeH tpflx r4nv qe cBerr{ Wlvtg,3aKJItoqBa o6:raqnre n Vepuo Mope u rr{ A:bpxru rana 3 (9) roEr4Hr4, rraK 3a Aa HaKaxe xopara. B uapo4ua rreceH

ce pa3Ka3Ba KaK

,,Toil (cyeru l4tmn) cu rumHa"q euute nod


ne6eca,

ma cu co6pa Jrrb?lu u o6naqu, HaKapa au Ha dzu e Vepuo ,+rope, saKJtnqu eu c padcrcu rciloqeBe, mpu eoduuu dz,trcde4 He nopocLttt." B gpyra HapoAHa rreceH cr,nlo e orpa3eHo
poAHoTo BqpBaHe 3a cyrxaTa TaKa: ,,I,Iseopetta uy"Ma no aopama, no?openq mpeBa no noJlemo,

Ha-

npecbxHanu peKu u rcnadeu4u ettad uacmaHalt eotleJw no 3eJetnma. Tozaea ce xopa noKanrtu. Tozaea ca e 6oza nosepsa"xu, no8ep6alu u 6 tlbpKSa ca Bne3Hanu,
2B

HapoArjr npueMa KpbBocMenenuero. Togpr rpqx cbrrlo e npwil4:aa 3a HacrbnBaue Ha cyIla. B HapoAHa rreceH ce pa3Ka3Ba 3a roBa, KaK ce ruo6.sr fltt tt fisxa,6par x cecrpa, I{ ToBa AoBexAa Ao 3acJrrrraBaHe. Crqo B HapoAHa rleceH ABe cecrpl{ ce xeH-sr 3a .qBaMa 6patn, Koero IIaK e rlplleMaHo 3a rp.ni. Tona e r{eAonycrl{Mo I4 ce HaKa3Ba cbc cyrxa. Hapo.qlr BqpBa, qe Kotaro r{Ma cylra, e pIMaJIo KpbBOCMerrreHI{e I/I ce paxAa ,qere ,,xaJrqe", 6e3 pblle, 6er xpara n c .qBe rJraBI{. Tosa e MHoro Jrolxa rroruq6a 3a l{snoro ceJlo, ue Hacrbrll{ crpalrrHa cyrra, 3aparv roBa Aerero rpx6na ga ce y6ue. Ornoso B HapoAHa rleceH ,,OrHeHa Mapux:axJIroqBa o6laqure I4 A:bxAa", Tt, KoflTo ce ttplreMa 3a cecrpa Ha cBerr{ l4nux, HaKa3Ba xopara cbc cylra, 3arqoro ca 6utu HeBepHI4IIlr t{ tpelxHl4ulr: ,,Oti ne 6pamrco, 6pam ceemu Llttun
e 3eJvln pA3JvtUpU"XA, HU Ce sHAe I4epKA, JilAKfl I4O e, Hu ce 3Hae cuH u 6au'1a u4o e,
KAKBO Ce

29

cecmpa u 6pam sa no6ue ce 3Hanm... flail uu, 6pamrco, KnroLtu ue6eca, da sarcrrcrta ue6o u o6na4u, da ue KanHe doctcd deeem eoduruu...,, IzI orHogo B HapoAHa rreceH Maprar Ka3Ba 6par cuI4tun, ue
,,Karco ce e sepa pa36epuna,

Ha

rorqM rJraA Hacr:btII,IJr Ha 3eMsra. Torasa cecrpa My Mapun rpbrHana ra rbpcn usp I4 cpeIrIHaJIa EoropoAr,rua, KoqTo q [oflrrTara HaKbAe ce e 3arITjII4JIa. Koraro Mapu.a i pa:ra:ara sa 6orecrraua6par cu, Foropo.qr.rqa ir Kasara Aa ce B:bpHe BK:bIrIIl, Aa B3eMe con r{ 'rpl,dr\v, Aa oTI4Ae BnCOKO B IIJIaHI{HaTa rIpI4
,,HeHaqHaro" e3epo v ra}r'I Aa HaxpaHI4 Kolrryra I4 Aa u3p.ot MJrqKoro ir. Cuope4 [peAaHl,Iero Mapux croparra roBa, 6par ir o3ApaBsn

KaKo ce e dyua pa3r4upuna,

Hu ce 3Hae mypcKo, Hu 6yzapcrco, u4epKa uailrcn sa .Mailrca He 3Hae, HoJI Jt suae nttada usrlruKnpKa, cuH cu 6au,1a He sHae...

- Iau uu,

6pamrco, dpe1uume Krnqele,

da sarc"qrcque ue6o u o6tat1u, da ue KanHe dz,ucd deeem zoduuu-.." Cnope4 Haporur4Te rrpeAcraBr{ cyrua rpe3 nfiToro HacrblBa I{ aKo He ca crra3eHr{ H.sKoLr sa6paHrz
3a AoMatxHa pa6ora. H.sxrae ce Ka3Ba, lre aKo cronaHKaTa cIZ HaIIpaBI4

Crqecreyear 3rtefi, raMs- vlJrvr xaJra, KoI4To ca rocloAapl{ Ha BoAHHT CTI/[XI4!{, KOI4TO IIpeCyIIIaBaT BOAI4T0 II .qOHaCtT cylra cbxlo KaTo HaKa3aHr e Ha xopara [opaAl,{ Hapy3arrroro He B.spBar Ir He rloqvrar 6ora. flonceuecrno

I,I orrlpxurrn Abx(Aa. apxaurlHl/t MI{ToBel'r BflpBant4s. 3a

rrraBaHeTo Ha TpaArrIIuoHHI4Te MOpa^IIHH HOpMI4 I4III4

Karo llpuqfiHa rp.sx ce npI,IeMa orHoBo H%aKoHHopoAeHO I4Irr4 HeKp:bcTeHo AeTe, He3aKoHHo C:L'X${TeJICTBO

rreq r{ rr 3aMaxe B HaqaloTo

Ha

l'rait unu ua sgrofi or toJreM!{Te rIbpKoBHH rrpa3Hr4rrr4 - Be:rlmAeH Nlra leprroBAeH, - To roBa xle AoBeAe

xeHa, cauoo6ecur ce qoBeK, MoMa, poAuJra Aere, I{ T. H. B noc-ne.unwt ctyuait,3a Aa npeMaxHaT rpexa, Hacttra BoAsT npelpelxnnaTa MoMa Ha
Ha

Mbx

r4

ro cyna [pe3 nqroro.

rlerrlMara

r4Jrv

Ha 6nusrara peKa, Karo raKa cLIMBo-

Thsz neq rpr6oa Aa ce pa3pyxrr4 r4 MaTeprraJrrrTe, oT KoptTo e HanpaBeHa - KaMbHu r{ TyxJn , - rpx6na Aa ce ra3xB.bpn_sr B peKara. Bxpna ce, qe cy[ra Hacr:blBa H Koraro cBeru

JII{qHo il3MI1BaT TO3I,I

rptx

I4 IIpOTOHBaT CyIIIaTa.

I4:va uapogHa rIpI,IKa3Ka 3a IoHaK, xofiro ce 6ue rn no6exAaBa JraMt, arrpflna Bo.qI4Te I{ AoBena Ao cyraKa ocso6oxAaBa IlapcKara Abnlept, o6peqeHa Ha ralt/lfrTa. B uapo4na neceH I]:bK ce pa3Ka3Ba 3a roBa, rar ,,Xafi4yrxa nory6Ba e.qvH cran na uafiKa" r4 3apa4r4 To3LI Ir3BbpIxeH tp.ux rpl4 to.qLIHI,I ,,Aox( He SaHa". Cyura qe Hacrbrlu v aKo ce [orperrta
31

kltus

ce paa6onee H He Moxe Aa BoAr4 o6,raqNre. B

HapoAHa rreceH ce pa3Ka3Ba KaK CBeTer{TjT JrexaJr Ie_


BCT fONI4HH HA TIOCTEJIKA, A IIPC3 TOBA BPCMC HI4 BS-

T:bp IIOBTJI, HI4 AT,xtAeU 3ABAII[.I, BCI4TIKO I43topgno 30

14

6e ur,prneq rro BpeMe Ha A'bxA, aKo B ceJroro I{Ma 6nyaua xeHa, aKo AoMaKuHs e 3anor{HaJra Aa rbrle
toAlrHa. pe3ynrar Ha cropeHr4 tpexoBe HapoAHaTa B.flpa cBbp3Ba cyrxara r{ cr,c cTopeHa Matr4q, KoqOcnes
B

rrJraTHo r4 He

to e 3aB:bptrrr4na Ao eAHa

TO Ce npaBH npeAr4MHO OT KepeMr4ALlr4r4

14

Tyxnapr4, 3a

KoHTo He e 4o6pe Aa Banr4 A:EXA. Te sapaax,ru xr,rBo

Marape r4Jrll, KaKTo ce BqpBa n Cenepo:arraAHa Eu-: rapr4fr, vetapsnv. B rrexl xr4Bo Kf{e. B Hapo4ua neceH
ce cpexla BaprlaHT rr 3a 3aKorraBaHe Ha

sN{efiqe:

myil *tacmo dttrcd ue fiarua, dz'ucd ue $aua, cHfl? He fiaua, cHn? He fiaua, dotrcd He KanHa."
,,...Ha

Koraro,,L{3KorIaJIu" 3vtefi.{et:o, BeAHata 3aBatrs.It:"r AbxA. B la6porcKo cbrrecrByBa rrpeAcraBa, qe cyua HacrbflBa, KofaTo B OKOJIHOCTVTe Ha CeJIOTo ce 3aceJlu 3ttefi, Ho He or ,,4o6pure", KoI,ITo tta3.gr HUBI,ITe or tpaA, a or ,,JIoIrrHTe", or ,,ApytoceJlIqraTe". Brpna ce c:brllo fi r{e 3MeeBere ce c6zsar Ir He nycKaT ,[bxA, a fo 3aTBapqT B [erqepv r4lrr4 B r{3BOpNre. Pasxa3Ba ce I4 r{e eAHa xeHa Ka3BaJra Ha 3Me_s,

Kotaro rofi 6ul 6oleu, ,,Mux BeAHara 3aBzulqBalo. 3a Aa ce orr,pBar or cyrrrara, xopaTa EaBatrv Ha 3Mefl u uaft-xy6aBara Aeeofixa. Aro cynrara e tlpllqr4HeHa or Kpr,BocMerxeHr{e, To Aerero, poAeHo or roBa, rpa6ea ,qa ce xBr,pnr4 B orbH H ToraBa xle 3aBanv. B uapoguara neceH ,,.{ne cecrpr4, ABe erbpBrr" ce pa3ra3na:
3a Kororo ce rpr{xena, Jro 3JIarHo 3vrefive, fiycHlt MaJIKo pocl4uKa" 32

,,Bue e ce,xomo utilame dee cecmpu, do dee embpsu, dea 6pama, dea 6adxaHaKa, u deeme de4a do6urlt..." Bc,.reIcrn[e Ha ro3r4 rptrx cenoro 6ra-no HaKa3aHO CbC Cyna. Cperuy cyrrra ce H3B:bprrrBar pa3nr,rrrHr,r uparp4OI{aJIHI{ IrpaKTI{KII, KaTO pa3nHqIlVI IlAIllIId: qeTaT Ce MoJrI{TBH, [paB-sr ce oMr{JrocrvBareJrHt4 o6pe4u. flpasu ce ,,More6r4e'0, Karo crapr4 xopa Haqeno c:bc cBeqeHVKa o6urcalsl ceJroro, npo6unar crapo rrnoAHo A:bpBo, Karo cJrarar B AyrrKara naSopa ra He ro ceKar se.re. Hsxr,4e (n llnpuHcKr4s rpafi) xoAx(aTa qere MoJrr4TBa LI fiocJle xoru xyp6aH. Tavt, KT,AeTO [peACTaBaTa 3a Cylra e, qe e [puquHeHa or:uefi ,,ApyroceJIeII", ce I{3tIbJIHtBa o6uq.agr ,,loHeHe Ha 3Mefi". Brop:sxenu c rosru Ir KpI4BaIIX, c xeJIe3Hr{ pbxeHz, rolrH M:bx(e epleHr4 Tp:bfBaT I43 ceJIoTo trpe3 HorrITa r.r B Ir:bJrHo M:brqaHr4e MyrxKaT HaBpeA, AeTO Ce npelnonara, qe ce e cKpr,{n 3Mesr. Cpelry cyrrra cr,ulo KpaAar rolrr4Jrra, cratar s. B:bB BOAa V g.3aTIlCKaT C KaMbK t4 TOlaBa 3aBalIflBA rbx.q. B I4sroqna Burapur rr6x, rraK nporr{B cyufa, xeua xB:bpn.s B peKara 3aerrrKa rJraBa. llosceMecrHo y Hac ce r43BT,pilrBa Marvtrecro .qeficrsue 4a ce o6pbrrrar xa6u u KocreHypKra lo rpr6. Tosa e cBbp3aHo c HapoAnara n.flpa za xa6ata Karo crzMBoJr Ha B,:rarara. B xpafiayuaBcKrrre cera vafirr{Te Kbfl;rr iqrlara cr4 B peKara, 3a [a 3aBarr4. 3a npegna:BaHe or cyrrra ce [oqr{Tar cBerurzre
33

ILtut; llaHrelefi, leoprz. Ha CnacosAeH MoMr4 r,r eprenx o6xoxhar lrvqanvrre v Morqr cBerr4 Cnac :a
AbxA.Ha lernraq cBerv Aranac
xecrBeHr{ rvrore6euz, [recrBr4fl

npaBrr cbrrlo rr,pra ryp6auu. Cpeqy cyce

qe e none nocaeHo, da ce norte pa3ledeJtLt..."

XX BeK ce crra3Bar per[qa :a6paun sa pa6ora [pe3 o[peAeJreHr{ rrpa3Hr4r{r{r4


rua ror{Tr4 Ao cpeAara sa
.{Hr4, qr4ero HapyrxaBaHe, KaKTo seqe 6e or6eJrx3auo,

ce IlprreMa 3a eAHa oT [pr4r{r.,rHr,rTe 3a 3acyuaBaHe.

s 6r,rfapcKHTe 3eMH 3a npenv3BHr(BaHe Ha Abx,tr e rbpxecrBeHoro rrrecrBl{e, Hapl4r-raHo,,llorprcru". IIqJroro ceJro HaqeJro c rrola o6rarar.s rpr4 [Tjrr4 qepKBaTa, a noclle Tp:bfBaT r{3 IIOJIeTO C TIT,pKOBHLITe
o6u,aau
I{KOHIA U IIC,ST TIECHI,I 3A TT,XA:

E.quu

or Hafi-qecro cpe[raHure

,,Rpocmouowe, Kpbcmape, arturtyn 6otce, nouaeati, cqemu Hurcoto, da sapocu cumHa pocuua, da ce Hanou pasHo noJte." Tagra ueceu, [prlApyxanarqa o6pega, nafi-uecTo ce r{3[brHqBa Ha J]erHlrfl Hraxyl.qes (9 vrafi). Apyra receH, ra3[brHqBaHa npl4 o6raromure Ha ceJIOTO, 3a AbXA e ,,Ctted Kbpcmu Hocutvte, Xpucmoa 6ouce, zocnodu, no.uurtyil! Eoey ce Jilortutvte, dail uu, 6otrce, cumHa poca, da sapocu u3 nonemo, ce nortemo, cuHopemo,
34

flosrr,rsHo or xpr4crlr.flHcKara penvffvts. e u exeroAHoro r.recrBaHe sa l4lra4en (20 romr), Koero ce rrpaKTr4KyBa AOpI4 AO CpeAaTa Ha HarII{fl BeK, IIeLsqo rpeArra3BaHe or cylla. Ha rosu AeH ce rlpaBz o6ulocercru xyp6au, nafi-qecro Karo ce roffa 6l,tx s qecr Ha cBereua. Crrqecreyna u o6uq.afi na rogra AeH Ha flpara Ha Kbxlara Aa ce xorn uafi-crapvflT fIereJI, 6au1ara, Karo rlo Hefo ce npaBtrur laraurrg. 3a rrno,qopoArae. Ha l{r'ulupe*t ce opraHl,I3upar Lr r"rore6env 3a AbxA, rIpeABoxAaHI,I OT CBeIrIeHI.rKa, xofiro npbcKa lg^rtBrz. 14 tparvtr.rr cr'c cBereHa BoI\a, npaBz MacJrocBer Ha A:bpBerara IIaK c HaAexqqara
Aa rrpeAr,r3Bl4Ka AT,x.q.

3a

la

ce oMaJlocrvlr,rrr IrpupoAHI4Te cvlrvt, o'l

KOI{TO 3aBIlCflT BaJIeXr{Te V rlnoAopo.4rleTo,

npeAorBparv cyLuara,
ce I43nT,rHSBaT OIrIe

v Aa ce rlotlTlr Ao cpeAara Ha XX ser

AbxA - Tv:tlvrl' Hwn 3a Bcr4qKrr 6urapcxrz 3eMt't ,,flerrepy4a" 14 cpeuaHr,rsr ilpeAr{MHo n Cenepna Eurapux o6nuafi ,,lepuaH". Ha3BaHI{ero Ha rfi)pBLtfl. o6u\ait e cBbp3aHo c ocnoBHoro o6pe4uo JIHIIe B Hero, a r{MeHHo nelepyAara. HqrrAe - n Cpeaua 3anaAsa u IOrosanaAna Brlrapvfr v n Maregoncrara o6racr - rosu o6uqafi e rosHar c rlMero ,,[5lgyraoo, nflogora". Oduqasl ,,flenepy.ua'o He ce I{3rbrHqBa Ha TOqHO O[pe.[eJreHa IaTa, a KoraTo HacTbrII,I cymaurvl Hafi-.-Iecro B AHI,ITe lF.AI(qI1rCTVIflHCKHTe CBerEP,a O6wt4ag,3a

35

(1 naafi), Ha rerHnq cBerr4 Arauac (2 vafi), Ha JrerHr4s cBerv Hzrola (9 vrafi), cle4 leprrlr4 EpeMfis
boBAeH, a H.flKbAe
Mr4qe, nafi

cvrrrr4Lr
,

cborBerHo *rol6ara ir :a.qrxA. B Borenrpa4-

cKo ce H3nT,JrHqBa cxe,qHaTa rrelepyAapcKa neceH:

vr Ha Cnacos,qen.

,,flenepyAara'o e ,,.rHcro", Toecr AeBcrBeHo, Mo-

-qecro cr4paqe. Apfnz MoMr4r-rera, 4enofirz, o6xuqsar ,,[e[epyAara" obc cBexl4 3eJIeHI,I TpeB[ v a, uro4opoElzre 14 cBexecr. ,,flenepyAara'o 3ae4Ho c o6npsNanaIqI4Te t MoMl{qera o6xoNAa AoMoBere, Karo H3rrT,rHqBa rrecHr4 - vror6a 3a IT,xA xlrvl Eor vJrr4 cBerrur VLstus. B rlxxou or re3r4 flecHv ce Br,rx.qa Bpb3Kara Mexly xa6ara, cuvnoJr Ha BJrarara, Abx4a vr cauns. o6pe4: ,,I7enepyza, pyza,

nailrca mu e dpyza. Jlemu, 6otrce, dz,rcd, da noceeu npoco... Jlemu, 6ottce, dz'xd, da zo JvremHetvr sbe 6upbm, da eo adam trca1u, uca6u u ?yu4epu,
?yu4epu Lt sJvtLtLt... "

Tara

oxraqeHa

cbc

,,JIem, Jtemntra nenepyda om opauu Ha Konaqu. Opau cmou Ha oparo, A rcOnAq HA tvtOmUKA u ce turuttHo 6ozy aortnm: - [au uu, 6otrce, cumHo poca, cumHo poca, dpe6eu dotrcde4, da sapocu, da uauorcpu cuHopume no noJremo, norcpail fiyuae cueo cmado, cueo cmado, ilcbnmo npoco. fail, 6otrce, dz'trcd, dail, dotrce, datrcd." loxaro rpylara or MoMrlqerara nee B Kpbr, B qeHTT,pa raHIIyBa,,reflepy4ara". cTo[aHKara IroJrI,rBa ,,flefleqy!.a'ra'o c BoAa, a rg H3TpbcKBa Bolara or ce6e cH, Karo raKa Harroilo6ssa rlaAaHero Ha r:bxA. H.sxrAe AoMaKr,{Hsra cI4MBoJIIzr{Ho rtopbcBa ,,lenepyAara" c 6panHo or cvro 14 napexga: ,,Ta-

3eJIeHIlHa

,,[elepy4ara"

14

rpyflaTa Ha [eilepyAapKr4Te

BJrr43aT BbB BcsKa Kbrrla

Ha ceJIoTo ocBeH TaM, KbAeTo cKopo e IoLILIHaJI Ht-

rofi qnes or ceveficreoro. Te o6urcar.flr

ynr4rlr4Te Ha

CeJIOTO, HLIBI4Te V fpA!'Id}l?lTe 14 IIegT OIIpeAeneHI,I 3a

6pautroro, TaKa [a ce I43cr{[e .qbx(glr." CrouaHKvre 4apflBar,,flettepyAara'o c Macro, cr.{peHe, nyr. 3a Her ce Ilpr{forBt I4 crIeIII4aJIeH .qap - rJJaMLrs, o6r,rqu r4nr.{ Helqo rpyro 3a yxpalxeHl4e. lpynara Ha r43rr:bJrHsBaulr4Te o6pe4a,,llenepyKa, KaKTo ce cee

o6uqafi. necHr,r, Kor{To r{Mar Matr{qecKa cuta. O6uqafinoro cr,AbpxHr{e Ha re3r{ rrecHr,r pa3Ka3Ba 3a JreTeHero Ha [enepyAara KT,M ue6ero, rlvr ne6ecnure
36

Ea" 3aET,ItlKI4TeJIHo cilvrpa ilpe.q BcqKa qetlrMa, KJIaJIeHOIL H3BOp l4JM peKA' KT,.qeTO Ce IIaLfiT CBOUII n

orHoBo noJIIlBar ,,fieilepyAara" c soAa. xso6u1o e


37

ocHoBaTa Ha TO3r4 O6peA e o6nvBaHeTo c BoIa KaTo rrMr{TarHBHa Man:vrfl. floscei\aecruo o6vqasr :a

AbxA ,,lleuepyAa" 3aBbpnBa c o6rqocelcra o6pe4Ha rparre3a, c ryp6air u o6pegHu xns6oee. Henocpe4crBeno cre4 o6rauax ,,flerep11?,0 B Cenepna r4 B qacr or lOxna Eurapllx ce r,r3[:brHq5;pyrusr o6u'aafi 3a rrpeAra3Br,rKBaHe Ha AT,x,{ ,,lepMaH". Tofi rraoxe Aa ce HarrpaBn rr caMocro{TenHo no BpeMe Ha Abnto 3acyrrraBaHe u|wr Ha AeHq Ha cBerrr lepl,rau (12 vaia). HassaHrero Ha o6u'aas. raABa or rrMero Ha rreHTpanuara o6pe4ua $rarypr4
KOTTO Ce [paBI4 OT KaJI, tJIIrHa 14 npeAcTaBIqBa iIO-

4a rrpocrr4 yMpenr4q lepvan". Ha rpeTvrs. vt Een'ervfl AeH cneA ,,norpe6euuero" ce [paBI.I fIoMeH, na xofiro H.aKbAe xeHI,ITe r43paBflT KyKnara or 3eMgTa 14 fl XB'bpnflT B peKaTa, KaTO TaKa npI,IKIrOq_
rre3a 3a ,,Bor

nar

o6pe4Hr{.tr KoMrrJreirc.

Vpe: ToBa cr{MBoJrr4qHo

Ba

uorpe6eHrae tr o[.rrBaHe Ha MT,prBr,rx lepnaaH, B Koero

nafi-.{ecro ca oqepraHrr ocHoBHI4Te MoMeHTrr or xI{Bora Ha ,ItoqrrHaJrvr{", KofiTo ce cMsra 3a avrpaK vnLI 3a eAHHcrBeHo lere s ceveficrBo, ce qenr,r Aa ce
oMr4JrocTr{BsT [pt4po,qHvrTe cilrrr4 vr Ea 3aBarr,r

AbxI.

BerrrKa

{urypa. Tq ce lnapwra lepuau, lepvrauuo u

ce rroJrara Bbpxy MbprBerxKr4 KoBqer, nafi-qecro repeMr4Aa r4Jrr4 MaJTKO AT,pBeHO CaHAbqe, KaTo HaoKo-

lo ce o6rpaxAa c rlBerq r

3arare:avr cBerrlla. CreAsa

cr,rMBoJrrarrnoro orrJraKBaHe Ha $rarypnara MbprBeu, KaTO Ce Hape}(!a OT MOMI/I X XOHI{ OIIJIaKBaT{KIII:

,,Mauuru fepaaue, JvratiluH xy6aee4! Y*tpe, ruarvuH fepnaue, yturpe om cyua sa KuLua! " Cre,{ rosa r4rBa peA ua uorpe6eHueTo, Koero e cbnpoBoAeHo or olqBaHe or cBerrleHr,rra. @zryprara ce npeHacq [pe3 rlrnoTo ceJro Ao peKaTa, KbAeTO Ce 3aKonaBa B flflcbKa ua 6pera 3aeAHo c Bc]rr{KI4 o6pegu u o6uuat4, Korrro ce npaBqr npN norpe6eHr4e Ha yMpsJr rroBeK. B celara rpafi fiyuana xnrplm $urypKara ua lepvau Iro rer.reHr{ero, 3a Aa r orHece, BoAara. CleA norpe6eHnero ce lpaBr,r [oMeHuurHa rpa3B

nenocpe4crBeHo cne4 rrorpe6enuero na u 6ypu, To x(eHr{Te cbtrIo orvBar v vlcpaBflT rnr{HeHara $urypra, raro BspBar, qe raKa ule npeAorBparsr HaBoAHeHr4s.HapoAHara [oroBopKa Ka3Ba: ,,Ot cylra rIaK Hr{Iqo, Ho or Kr4lxa HVrIo." fipyr o6n.l aft za tpegu3Br,rKBaHe Ha Ar,xA, a c:bt4 cpeuy rpa.qyrxKa e ,,Mapa rvufalana'', xofiro trIo
KyKJrara 3arroqHar nopot4ula

Aro

ce r{3rI:tJIHflBa Ha ,,cBerrara", ,Slpa3[ara" cpxga cleA BelraxgeH. Ocuonnn 4eficrnarr1fi nr4ua ca Mol'lvt vtrv epteHz. ftannara Srarypa s o6u'aas e xeHcKa rJraBa, HarrpaBeHa oT Tpt4 rrbxHaTr{ eAr4H B

Ipyt

qexbJra, z:pa6oreua

or

MnaAr4 MoMr4

uttu 6ytxu.

Taru ryrna ce pa3Hacr r43 rlqnoro ceJro, Karo o6pegwata urpa e cblpoBo.qeHa c xopoBoAHl4 rreCHr4. CnrrasoJrr.r:rzpa ce rpa6eue ua Mapa JrrzrrraHKa or epreu. CleA ToBa orr{Bar Ha peKara v rrorailflr Mapa .IIHIIIaHKa, a IOCJIe s [ycKaT IIo TeqeHveTo KaTO
e.4r,rH Br,rI xepTB orrpr4HorueHz e.

39

lprvroreBr4rla
Arvro.c$ep uoro

r4 cBerKaBr4rla
e
l

us o6rarlure c KoJrecHzqa, BrrperHara B rrrecr xBbpKaTI{


KOH,'I, TII,II4TO KOIII4TA CA TIOAKOBAHI{ CT,C 3JIATO I4 OT

tpbMoreB"uu . n o.rru - l To y Hac il c HavMeHoBaHI4ero ,,tptM,., ,,rrpnaefiqa.,,] ,rrpoMttr rr}y'.i'b]Ha", rrcrpgcbK..,,rTpfcbK..,,,fbpM..,l ,,TpecKaBl4qa". Cnerxaeuqara ce napwla oilIe ni ,,JIbcKaBI4ua". BcqKota, Koraro 3atbpMl4 H cBerue, ilal.a v TpecKaBr,rqa, KaTO HapoAT,T Hr4 Ka3Ba: ,,,[a me zpbJilHe, da me cnemHe, da me mpecHe." r{ecro B pa3toBop ce ynorpe6xnar uapaazre' ,,aKo rg cBerHa", ,,aKo re rpecHa,,, Toecr ,,aKo re y4apfl rro tJraBara". Te3r.{ flBleHt4s, ce cpgllaua HasBJr eHr4
j

Tfl(

r,r3Jrr{3ar r{cKpr,r

cBerKaBr4qz. Bxpna ce

r4

qe cBer-

KaBr{qI,ITe ce [onyqaBaT r{ oT KoJIeJraTa Ha Ta3I4 Ko-

Koraro re ce yApgr n ne6ecnrare ,,KaMbHI,I", Toecr o6laqure. Koraro cBerlr VIstws y4pfl c KaMrrrr{JrecHr4lra,

Ka cr{ KoHeTe, TofaBa Ha 3eMqTa rbpMt4, a oT otHHBoTO, C KOeTO CV fTanI.J JryJraTa, Ce [OqBrBaT CBeTKaBI{-

qrare. B Crpaugxa, Koraro ne6ero rrorbMHee, Ka3Bar

Ha.qeuara: ,,Mbr9ere, r{e cBer}r I4nug, Tpofla c Kapyr\ura v rqe lycHe rprvr!" Te:ra arvroc$epnu sBre:rtvs.
crropeA HapoAHaTa Bxpa ce noqrqaBaT r{ KofaTo cBe-

tul4tun,

cBerr4

leoprn

r4ltl.4

cBerr4llerrp npeHacqr c
I4JIII

poAHr4 taTaHKrr, KaTO HanpHMep:

"

,,Kosa 6peu4u, dpen 4ofimu, catut cu focnod rcou doptrcz. " (Tpecna""qu)

Koraro cBeruWtus. rpeKapBa no ne6ero KaMbHr4 :a 6op6a c xarv, IranMt4 t4JIl c AqBoJII,ITe, KOr{TO ?ICKAJLI"I EA I,I3nVrgT
KoJIIT rrbJrHr4

6btrsu c BoAa no ne6ero

r4lv

BCr4qKaTa BOAa I,{ EA }{ACT-b[w CyTna.

,,Ha ue6emo qyKa, Ha 3etvtnma ce qye. " (lplvoreBr.{qa) j B uapo4uare upeAcraB a rt BflpBaH" ,u ,rporr-1 xoAa Lr cbrqHocTTa Ha cBeTKaBrrrIaTa I,I rptvotenuqa_' Ta .ficHo ce oqepTaBaT e3xlrecKr{ vt xpr4cTvtg]Frc]riu" rrJracr, Korrro qecro ce [pelnr.rrar. Cnope4 HapoAHo_
;

flogruqHa or xpucrvrfrHcKara penur rfl e BqpafocnoA roHr{ AflBoJra14xBlopltfl rro Hero crperv, a AqBorrr ce Kpr,re e Hsxofi qoBer. focno4 y6raBa TO3rr r.IOBeK, CApyXI4n Ce C .qgBona, LIpe3 tpbMoTa, r{e
TeBr{rIa. Tosa ec:bxlHocr e e3vr{ecKara rrpeAcraBa 3a

xpr,rcTr,rsHcKr,rTe rroBepr{s rIoBceMecTHO 3a 3anoBeAHr,rK Ha fplMoTeBr4rlaTa

tocloAap,

lI cBeTKaBr,r{ara ce,

npr,reMa cBerLr Ll:tux, [opaAr4 Koero Heto oxle

ro Hapilqar H,,f'bpMolereq",,,tpbMoJIoMHI,IK..,,,tpbMoBHraroo. BxpBa ce, qe locnoA r{ cBeru Wus, rrpenycKar


40

6urrcata Ha 3Me.[ c xaJrr4Te, rpauc$oprurrpana cnope4 xprrcrrr.rrHcKara Bspa, Karo ryr evree6opeubr e locnoA. Hapo4rr pa3Ka3Ba, qe eAHo BpeMe ue6ero 6uro xarArpbM r4 locno4, Karo cr4 Kapan Kapyrlara
H TpOIIaJr, TOraBa r:bpMqno.

r.r e3[LrecK]r rrpercraBr,r ce Br4xAa H or rrpe4craBara, qe s 6zrna-

Ilpeuuranero Ha xpr4crr,rrHcKr4
4I

Ta cv c xaJrr{Te cBeru lLtus, [ycKa ,,Tpr4 crpeltw 3Mefiqera", ,,orHeHI{ crperl4", KoI{To ca cBerKaBr{qure. 3vteeBere crpenqr rlo xaJII4Te cblrlo c raKI,IBa orHeHu crpeJrrr, Kolaro ce Kpl4qr B qoBeK, Ao6Iaqe vnI,I A:bpBo, 14 B KOIaTO nOrIaAHe Ta3I'I CTpena, roit
rrle yMpe. cnopeA Hapo.qHoro rIoBepLIe, Koraro rbpMr4 14 cBqrKa, ne 6usa Aa ce ocraBsr Ha ABopa oTKpr,rTr4 cToMHtI V Apyfu qb.qoBe c BoAa, 3a Aa He ce cKpI4gT cTpenl4Te B Tqx. MHoro pa3npocrpaHena e

3a fopeHe, 3arrioro e ,,fIpoK:bJIHaro I4 HaKa3aHo" or Bor. Irlvra cyeBep[e, qe rp:bMoreBr{I{I4Te ca [pI,IBII,I!IaHI4 OT OBIIeTe I4 Kyr{eTaTa 3ApailV KO3r,rHaTa I.dM,
Vr

flax

[opaAr4 ToBa, KofaTo lrbpMt4, Tqx fr4 3arBapflT vrlll nr,4qr Ha.qaneq. Cr,rqecrnyea HapoAHa Bflpa, qe rr,pvrlr y6xna BaMrrr4pr4Te. I4va r4 rrpeAcraBa, r{e rpbMOTeBI4rIt4Te Ca KaM:bHrrre, KOI{To 3MeeBere xBT'pn.flT

v HapoAHara rlpeAcqe M:bJrHI4I4Te ca Korrusra, Kolaro cBerl{ l4tlug TaBa, lpaua, sa gay6ue raMflTa,xaruta. Heroeure crpenll ce Hapl4r-Iar ,,6o)Ka crpera", ,,TpelrreH KaM:bKoo, ,,tpoM \aar4:Fra",,,rpbMHaro KaMT,qe". Brpna ge oII1e, qe raM,
KbAero

laAar re, B 3eMflTa ce za6wsa xeJIe3eH ICII4H, rurrrr Ha 40 aptwma Arl6oxo vvr3Itv3a cleA 40 Ariu. Ha reeu crpenl4 ce rIpH[I,IcBa JIeKoBI,ITa cuta,r'sitxaTO TOBa e qacT oT opbxl,{eTo Ha cBeTI4STa,

I{ aKO H.flrofi uauepu uJtuvt3poutr raKaBa crpeJla, ToBa ce cqlrTa 3a roJr.rrM KbcMer. B la6poncro BflpBar, qe Ha MqcTO, Ha KOeTO e naAHaJI rpbM, ce HaMI4pa xeJIfl3HO ,,KrI,IH..Ie'0, Koero neKyBa 6olecru're no AeIIara, Karo
rrM AaBar Aa IrI,IflT BoAa, B Ko.gro e 6alo HaroneHo KJII,rHqero. Orrau u 6olecrra ce HapI4rIa ,,KII,IHI4". B

rlo xaJIvTe, vru q,e Te IIaIqT orbH, 3a Aa BHAST KbAe Ce e CKpIIna KAJIATA, II TO3II OIT,H XOpaTa Ha 3eMflTa BXXAaT Karo cBerKaBrr\a. CeerKasuqara Mox(e Aa 6r,Ae u 3*refi, rofiro ce flBflBa Karo orHeHo KpocHo Ha ne6ero. Koraro ,,roMaruHr4qr'o 3Mefi rIa3r.ITeJI ce 6ue c ,,ApyfocercKl,I" 3uefi, gbrllo fbpMtr I,I cBqrKa. llosceN,recrHo e pa3rlpocrpaHeHa v Bflpara, qe Koraro rpru y6ue troBeK unu Ao1ulbK IIJIIT 3arrarv ceHo vJII{ rlqra Kibxra, ToBa e 3HaK, qe focnoA HaKa3Ba xopara 3a rd3BbprleHl{ or rflx rpexoBe" I4so6qo ce [pl{eMa, rle yAapeH or'rp}'M r{oBeK e fpellreH, 3axloTO He e [oLrr4Tan onpeAeneHl4 npa3Hlrul4 Ha cBeTur'I.

Taxre r{oBeK He ce [orpe6sa uo xpucrl,{sHcrIare o6usar4, 3arrloro roBa Irre noBe.qe Ao HoBI,I 6e.qu e AoMa W, a ropv w B rlqnoro cero. B HapoAHa neceH ce
pa3Ka3Ba 3a MOMa' I'I3BT,pIXI4na lp.gx, KaTO e:uO6rana Typqr4H,
r4

3aroBa e rrpoKbnHara

I,I

yAapeHa

or fpr,M:

flneseHcxo B3I4Mar qacr or rlpe.{Mera, rofiro e o6ropsn oT rpbM, TOTLflT rO BbB BO.[a I4 BspBaT, lle c Ta3I{ BoAa Morar Aa JIeKyBar pa3nlrqHl4 6olecrra. Bapea ce, qe rpbMoreBar\a nara nau-'{ecro Bbpxy qepoBo AbpBo. Taroea AbpBo He ce LI3Iron3Ba
42

,,.fl2a ua Benurcdeu zpbtvtHaJto, mpncHano, Cmofiue ue ydapu, uafi e ydapuno

nonosama u4epKa, nonoea Mapuilrca. Ta touto npasntla, mfl 3re nom xodnna, mn mypttuH nto6nna."
43

14

n 4pyra HapoAHa fleceH orHoBo ce

fiee

CT,IIIO, q e

CB

eTK aBI.,rUlITe

H f p',tbMOTeBHIII4Te IA3nr{BaT

rpqx Ha HeBecTa: ,,IIa e ruKHara 6ynrcama .flurca, na e SuKHana, ma e 3an.nna, Kamo il sanwa, am frcHo zptu dade, u3 ncHo ce e .flurca mpecHana." Karo rprx or HapoAa ce rrpIaeMa r{ aJlqHocrra. B uapo4na fieceH ,,6anJa I4 Ablrlep.a [poAaBar xI,{To
c v3MaMa'., Ho ,,Hadeeuep e sazbptutnro, sampeulnJto, Betturcdeu meitrca mpecHano", a B Apyra [eceH lbpMrjr e HaKa3aH]Ie 3a JIOIIU AyMI4: ,,Iau nu, 6otrce, ?pbtvrose, mpecKosu, da cu mpecHeu fepome aildyrca, sat4omo dyna mua eqosHu dYuu! Axo urr 3a yAapeHll.r ce 3Hae, qe He e rperrrHr{K, qe e MoMa, AeTe I4III,I ngrofi clrpoMax, To roBa 3Haqu, qe To3I4 tIOBeK rO [pecneABa roJrflMa KJIerBa - wrafiqrana uttu 6a:oJuua. Sa Ea ce crracn yAapeH or rpbM, nafi-qecro to 3apaBsr B 3eMqra I'Inu rIoKpHBar c rrpbcr KpaKara Ivry. Aro rpbM rIaAHe Bbpxy AbpBo, ToBa AbpBo ce HapI,Iqa ,,rpbMnaro", To He MOX(e Aa ce rop[ B olHl4lrlero, or Helo He ce B3I',IMa 3a rroAIIaJIKI4, 3aIIIOTO Ce BspBa, qe x[Toro rlo HpI'
BI,ITE IIIC XBAHE IJIABHS.

Me.qa Ha rrqeJrl4Te, LI 3aToBa, KotaTo fT,pMI4, ce KaAgT

Aro rrplrN, 6eg ra Nl,ra o6raqr4, ToBa ce npr4eMa raro 6oxzs, rtoru'a6a, qyAo, 3HaK, qe B cenoro rrle Hacr:blqr cyiltav Mop rro xopa Ia Ao6urur. Cpellar ce v HsKor4 pallrdoHanHr,{ MoMeHTr4 rrptr
Korxepr4Te.

o6scnenuero Ha re3rrr arMoc@epnu -sBreHuq, Karo HarrpzMep ro3r{, qe re ca pe3ynrar or c6nrcxgane na o6laqu B ropeqo BpeMe. lonopn ce .qopr4 r,r 3a ,,eJIeKTpI,IKa" Karo [puril4HI,ITeJI Ha re3l{ .fiBreHl{-fl KaTO pe3ynTaT or HoBHTe rro3HaHzt B Haqanoro Ha XX ser. B peaymar Ha HerrocpeAcrBeHr,rre cu sa6IIO.qeHI,r_fl CeJICKI4ST CTOIIaHI4H 3Hae, qe CBeTKaBI4rIr4
B IpT,MOTeBUIIU I,IMa [pe3 IIgnaTa fO,qLIHa, HO aKO lbpMr4 rrpe3 3r{Mara, ToBa e norrr:nax. Bxpna ce cbilIo, qe 3lrrMe He lbpMr{, 3arlloro cBerr4 l4nwg pI cBeru ller"rp ceAqr Ha rorrJro, a v xarvrre ce Kpr{env. IloeceN{ecrno s 6rmapcKaTe 3eMI4 3a [peArra3BaHe oT rpt'M ce rIo!{HTar roAr4rxHr{Te KaJreHAapHr,r rrpa3Hr{rlr4, uafi-seqe AeHqr Ha cBerr{ Vltus, lprrronnlrK - ?Imangen, n Cenepou:ToqHa Furapua - flaeJrboBAeH, Belurure qerBbprbrlrz, To4oponara HeAenr, foperqHr4lll4Te, ABere ,,KpvIBr4 cpe5.u'o rrpeAu 14 c.ileg leprroB.qeH, rlerr,rlr.rre cpeqy roneMr,rre rIT,p NoBHr{ npa3Hr,rqu ra 4p. Ha re3r,r,qHH ce crra3Bar Ia pe-

la6poncKo ce BspBa, qe ,,TpecKaBr4rllorre'o lpl4llaqar Hapycan:rra ]I aKo re ,,cryflar'o HfiKolo, To 6lugrprre My oruBar Ha Mqcroro vrau ule HaMeperr BbrJreHr,(, c KoI,ITo neKyBar [ocrpaAanux. Bxpua ce

xwla za1paHz - xeHr4Te He r43BT,prxBar Hr4KaKBa AoMaIrrHa pa6ota, He r:bKar, He npeAar, :a 4a ue y6ze rpbM qoBeK. He ce Bt,pruu rr HVKaKBa rroJrcKa pa6oTa r4 noBceMecrHo ce xo.u4 Ha qepKBa. llar< cpeqy
45

44

rp:bM xeHr4Te o6peAHo Mr,rqr Kocr..rre crd Ha Togopon-l 4eH. Bxpna ce,

I
KOr4

Aer{CTBr{fi, C:bAbpx(anlr4 parl[oHaJ]eH eJIeMeHT

AbpBerara scel v"uop Bar anorpoueina cr{Jra rro orHorrreHr4e ru


Lre

nprt"*u-l

xB:bpn_fiT

,pr*ot"-l

nou"tu"r.l "u 3a npegna:BaHe or rpibM rrpeo6raAasar nparruru.cl


Br.rur,rTe 14 rropaAr,r ToBa Te3r4 AL,pBeTa

ce Aa,.Ier{ Bc}rr{Kr4 xeJre3HI4 IIpeAMeTI{, cb6upar ce Bcr4r-rKr4 Korrpanr4 Ir ocreHr4, 6qra ce Aaneq or A:r,pBerara vJrv ce za6usa Hox B:bB BI4coKo AbpBO, CIII,IpaT Aa X{T,HaT U XBbpnqT HaCTpaHa Cbprra.

I4paIII4OHaneH XapaKTep, KOI/ITO IIenqT Aa ce B63AeI4-l cTBa Bbpxy flBJIeHI4eTO L{pe3 MafUr{eCKI,I AefiCTBLIq,l

B qecr Ha fp:bMoreBrlrlara r4 cBerKaBr{rlara ce opraHr{3r{par r4 npa3HeHcrBa. llpe4cranara 3a Bpb3KaTa MexAy qBneHurTa cBeTKaBrrua

qpe3 oMlrnocrr,rBflBarrlrl o6pegra u

MoJrr/rrBH

Cnopea Bspara s 6zrrara cbc 3Me.f, xa:rara vo-l xe Aa ro y6ne caMo c rroAHrrrla Lr.lr4 c rrapqe or uer,l 3aroBa, Koraro .bpMr,{ pI cBqrra, ce npulupat """u*rl cb.qoBe oT ABopa, a napr{eTaTa oT Tfl( ce clprrBaT Hal npax. Cpeqy rpbMoreBr,rrla Ha ABopa ce urHacrr ren-l cI4I4, BeJII4KAeHcKI4 IxapeHI4 afiqa, eperena r4lrr4 ro.rnr-l ra. Hsxr.qe Ha noKplrBa Ha KT,rqara ocraanr rpul cToMHrr c no eAHa FraBa nyK Ha BctKa, BspBar,rKr,r Bl anorpouefiHara cura Ha nyKa. Crulecrnysa arpa, uel rbpMbT ce BbpTIl oKoJIo K) IeTaTa I{ KOTKI4Te, 3aTOBal r4 Te ce [ponr,xAar rro BpeMe wa6ypx. flpu rprl'rorenr.rqu rpx6ea Aa ce rneAa B 3eMqra, a aKo ce nouea-] He B Xr/TBOTHO rrJrrr qoBeK, rofi IIIe ce pa:6onee. flpul
j

!r rp:bMoreBr,{qa

r{ Mr{Tr4LIHoro cbilrecrso sN{efr ce lpo.rlBtBa BbB BqpBaHero, ue BoAa, Ko.flTo e 6ura Ha ABopa [pI4 cBfrxa-

or MoMpr, ru saJro6u 3Mef,T. Karo :arrpMr4, MoMr4Te ce Kpr,rsr rro oAar4Te, 3a Aa He lvBurr4 3Me.flT. llo npeHe
14

rbpMeHe, He 6usa

ra

ce ynorpe6qBa

3a Aa He

Me Ha rpbMoTeBr4rlr{ He ce ocTaBfiT HaBbH oTKpI4Tr4


c:bAoBe, TIbJIHLI C BO.qa, a Ce TIOKpLIBaT C K:bpna, 3arrloTO Ce BqpBa, r{e 3Meqr ce otJIex.4aJI
ra

rofiro

rrr4e

or

ra3r4 Boaa,

ue

Karo or"bH H Ttr( 6rAe y6ur or rpbM.

rpbMoTeBI4IIlI CbXIO Ce MbJILIII, He Ce IOBOpr,t, He


.sAe

Ce

Kaxro 6e or6els:aHo, Bcr{qKrr IoAHI,IIII4 I,{ BplblxHl{qr4 ce cKprrBar, rrfi xaro ce BflpBa, Lre re cnyx(ar 3a opr'xlre Ha xiurr4Te r 6op6ara r4M cbc 3Mes. B uapo4lrz recHr{ qecro ce pa3Ka3Ba 3a 3MeeBe, 3aJrro6r4Jrr4 MoMr4. B uapo4ua rreceH or CavoKOBCKO Ce nee:

xrs6, 3a Aa He ce ,,TpecHeoo nrpxy xpaHerqure ce. B Jlosemxo [pe3 ceAeMTe rrerBbprbna or BeJrr,rKAeH Ao Cnacon.qeH He Bnpflrar nslBorHr,r B KoJra,
3arrloTo ce BrpBa, qe KaKTo ApbHKa KoJraTa, TaKa u{el f:bpMr,r no se6ero. flparuyna ce r{ cBera Mapux, npNeMaHa 3a cecrpa Ha cBern

l4tun, rraK cpeqy rpbM. 3a npegnarBaHe or rpbM ce [3BbprxBar 14 Hq46

3uea Betturcu eo.sopu: - He 6ou ce, rtn6e Betturco, n ue doildeu y ca6oma coc zbprvole, coc mpecKose." B recen or CanAancru: ,,Ram doildetto sueil eopnuo,
,,

47

dealc epbJilHano, mpultc mpecHano,


y6aea Beua duzua.no..."

llpu urpeoro
lpaBqr
rro Hr4BrI

rlporbpM.f,Bane rlpe3 toAl,{Hara ce

[porbpMr4 rrpe3 Mapr. Aro rptvrHe aa WsturtileH, To opexr4Te u nerxHI4IIt4Te nle ca qepBI4BI4 rr KyXt4. Vroqngea ce, qe aKo 3a npr,B nrjr tpbMHe rlpe-

pa3naluHr4 nporHo3tl
I4 fpaAI4HIA,

tara:r^ns. aa 6epexera
pI

3a TIJIOAOBI,ITOCTTa nO XOpa

Ao6ntrx,

3a poeHero Ha rMeJlure, 3a IIeHI4Te Ha xpa

Azo6eA, To roArrHara Iqe e [noAopoAHa, a aKo rpr,MHe cnero6eA - HennoAopoAHa. Or gnaqenue 3a [peAcKa3aHnflTa e r{ [ocoKara Ha [pofT'pMqBaHeTO, KaTO BT,B BCqKO CelO Z:6UpaT MeCTHT{ Kpr{Te-

Hr{Te, 3a xapaKTepa Ha BpeMeTo npe3 foAplHara

npe3 pa3nr,rqHuTe ce3oHI,L Bxpna ce aKo rrpofbpMl,I 3a rlpbB rlrir IIpe3 3l4Mara npe3 slryapu, [pe3 roAI,{HaTa UIe yMI4paT rloBeqe Bb3pacTHr{ xopa, a aKo lrporbpMl,I uper $enpyap[, rloBeqe MnaA xopa ue yMupaT, aKo rporbpMl,I npe3 MapT, To x
Hr4

Hanpl4Mep, q

rrle yMllpar rloBeqe

I4 T. H.

O6prqa

ce BHI4MaHI4

H Ha roBa, s Kofi Aeu I{ B

Kot qacr Ha AeHfl e Mqro 3a rlpbB [rjr. floscevlecrHo e pa3npocrpa BspBaHero, qe uafi-.qo6pe e Aa rlporbpMll 3a rr rrbr Ha lepruon4eu. A xolroro AHI,I ilpeAI,I leprlon AeH rrpof6pMl4 3a npbB rITjT, TO TOnKOBa rlapH crpyBa rr xl4Toro. B fipxnono Ka3Bar, qe aKo rp"bM Ha CeetI,r qerl4pllAecer Mbr'IeH[qu, Toecr r{erxp cer AHr,r [peAI,I Rprroegen, 6pannroro npe3 roruHa Ta rqe [ocKbrrHe c qerl,rplrAece'r napz. flpu nportpMsBane ce rJIeAa ranv vua 6pau*ro s xalul6a
pa IIpl{eMa KaTo 3HaK, qe Torr 6rAe nueu ilpe3 Ilfinara roAI4Ha. H-f,xrAe ce BtpBa qe Haft-Ao6pe ue e, aKo rlporbpMl4 npe3 Mapr. nJTOBAI4BCKUTe Cena Ka3BaT, qe aKo rlporbpMl4 II
I,I aKo trMa, TOBa Ce

lepruoegeu, To to.qllHara Iqe e JloIlra, Herlnpo.qopoA rra, a B nJIeBeHcKI4Te - qe nafi qe e na 6epexer, aroi
4B [n

pvvr3a rona. Taxa HanpuMep Ha HsKorI Mecra, aKo 3a IIplbB IITjI lpT,MHe [pe3 MapT OT CeBep, OLIaKBa Ce cylrraBa foAkIHa, a aKo lpbMHe oT IOr, TO rIIe rrMa lonrv 6eperer. B :roserrrKl4Te cena BqpBar, qe aKo rrporu'pMr4 3a rrpbB tlbr orKbM EaJrrana, TaM ilIe I'IMa MHOIO XIUITO, aKO JII{ IIbK lpbMHe OTKbM IIOJIOTo, TaM rqe 6rle 6epeHerrr. la.qae ce u rlo AeHq trpe3 ceAMI,{IIaTa, KOTaTO rlporbpMflBa 3a IIpbB nT;T. llpu urpnoro rlporbpMtBaHe npe3 toAI,IHara ce r43B:bprrrBar v peAI,Iqa ileficrsus c:bc cTIIMyJILIpaq I{ [peAna3eH xapaKTep, 3a Aa ce ocl4ryp.gT 3.4paBe, 6larouoryqwe w 6eperer. Cnara ce xrs6 s ycTaTa, B3VMa Ce fip:bcT 3a IIqp oT IIoA AecHI{q KpaK, B KOCI4Te Ce BTibKBaT KorIpI4Ba I4JrI4 [IeJII4H, KarO Ce BflpBa, qe re flperrla3Bar or Maruu u ,,rouo". CraraT ce cJraMKa I4nLr nepo Ha lJIaBaTa, 3a Ia e neKa roAl4Hara, a zr1ure ce r:bpKar c xteJlr3o, 3a ra ca ::4panu. Koraro nporr,pMl4 3a rlpr'B Irbr, BceKrr rpx6na ra ce qyrHe rpl4 rlrjrla c x(eJIe3eH Irpe.qMer r4rIu c KaMbK rlo tJlaBara 14 TaKa Ea cv floxeJlae lnaBara My Ia e ,,xeJIt3Ha". cTo[ani.]/lTe qyKar I]o xaM6apu u ilo 6b.rBI4, 3a la ca lt!'JIHrr c xI{To Ia BIrtHo.
49

flponupar ce rIoA AbpBo, cJrarar flpbcr


cI{
r4 Lr

Ha lJlaBara

xBbpntT KaMbK HaA Heq, KI4qaT ce cbc 3ApaBeII r,r KorrplaBa, B3I{MaT B AsCHaTa CI'I pbKa napue xln6 rrocraBsr KaMbqera nog $Ia4anKVTe

B -flv6oncro e ,,Kaprzur", B TereBelrcKo - ,,ycoprfK", e Tpo.nncxo - ,,KaHgK", s Jloseutro Moxe Aa e rapBaH

BcI4r{KO'To-

Ba 34

IA

Ce Ocurypl4 flno.qopoAlae.

,upI ce Hapwra ,,cIrrtfra $navra". B nrapuncrare ceJla Ta3I,I rITHua e ,,opre", ,,c1rKre" r{JIr{ ,,KbopaBo nl4re'., ,3airuapKr" rl[u ,,HaRqK". B BraloeBfpagcxo ce B-gpBa
B rlpe.qaHl,{ero, qe ,,HaBvr" nl4nlrr4 BoAgr fpa.qoHocHl4l

lpagyrura, rpar
Hapuua ce olqe or HapoAa rr ,,rIaAHb rpar'o' B HapoAHr{Te rIpeAcraBI,I

o6lar, are ca HeKpbcreHr4 r4nr4 MbprBopoAeHI4 Aeua. Orryr, KaKTo seqe or6en-s3axMe, vrBa v za6pauara ga
qBneHI4e

:a aruoc$epHoro

lpa-

cey6uya open u Aa ce qJmqr siutara My I4 pylxrr rHe3Aoro My. I4so6qo noBceMecrHo n 6urrapcK*tre 3eMr{

AyrxKa orKpr{BaMe cbIIIO yclopeAHo cbrllecrByBaHe I'I [pelnrrTaHe Ha e3HrrecKI,I BspBaHpIs c npeAcTaBI4' cB:bp3aHI,I c 6oxecrsa I4 cBerl{rr or xpl'IcruqHcKara peJrvtrr4s.

openrr MHoro ce noqura


qecTo ce KoJrr{ arHe

r,r

My ce [paBr4 ryp6an,

raro

r4 LIacT

or Heto ce ocTaBq Ao tHe3-

flosceN{ecrHa e npeAcraBara, qe rpaAylrKara

ce rrpau1a

or Eor I4III4 or DIaBHI{fl ,,rpa4yllrxap* "paA 6urapcrure cBerql,{ cBerl{ I4Jtux,3a Aa HaKaxar xopa'Ta 3a rpexoBeTe I4M, CBbp3aHI'I C HapylxaBaHe Ha r{opMI,ITe sa o6rqecrBeHo rIoBeAeIryIe I4 MopaJI, Karo
Hecrra3BaHero Ha rlpa3H vIl\vr, HaHtKolI :a6paruz 9a pa6ora utu norpe6nauero Ha yAaBIrI'IK B paMKI4Te Ha
ceJr

Aoro My. Tazu nxpa e orpa3eHa r4 B HapoAHr{Te rrecHr4. Taxa CroqH e HaKa3aH or rpaAoHoceH o6rar rr Monr4 opneTaTa [a ro oTKJroHtrT oT HLIBaTa My, Ho Te My oTroBap.rrT: ,,...noJilHuru ttu, 6ailrco, 3Haeru rtu, Ko?amo 6nxne hrbquqKu, KaK Hu uefimeme petrcerue..."

cKoro rpo6r,ru1e, lpemo6oqetHl{e MexAy poAcrBeHI4III,r, He3aKoHHO 3aqeBaHe I4 pax.(aHe, [r3B:bp


Ha IoJIOBI{ KOH(aTI/I Cpeqy IOJIOMII IOAI'{IIHI4 I]pa3HI4 rlr4, Herroql4TaHe Ha cBerIIIlTe rpaAylrxapI'r. 3a ro"fiqNa

A
3aHze

or flneseHcKo ce pa3Ka3Ba 3a HaKa3a JroB Ha opnera, Karo or rpa.qoHocHus. o6n necen

JraK ce qyBa rJrac:

rpfl( HapoAbr

nptreMa

aKo ce cTopn 3JIO Ha rITI4Ua

open rlrlu ce cqyrlf,T sitraravry, y6uar ce MaJIKLITe My r4nr,r pa3pylxar rHe3Aoro r"ry. Bapna ce, qe rpaAoHocnprqr o6rar ce rpe.uBoxAa or lrl,ile rpa[ylrrKap. B pas-1 Jrr4qHure KpaI,mIa Ha Eurapufi To IlMa pasnzuno nue.i
50

,,As u4e da uda, da uda ua Cmoauosu Koruapu, da ny Kowapu sanartn, cmadomo da uy u3eopu da suae Cmonu, da nouuu rcoza Ha rcpyua ca ti norcaqur,

5I

HA KpyUA, HA CmOJIOSAmA,
JvraJIIdu

opflema da 6ue."

B ueqeu or Crapo:aropcxo Cross e HaKa3aH


orHoBo

or ,,TbMeH o6raK", or cI4JIHa 6ypr, rorro ro loBarq or AbpBoro I,I My cqynBa ABara KpaKa r{ ABeTe pbrle, 3aAero xBaIrraJI ,,qepHu oprera*. flax nopaAr4 To3Id rprx Croxn e HaKa3aH I'I yAapeH or lp:bM. flNlero open I4Ma rHe3Ao Ha qBop uttu ua [t'6.

,ft6rr

B MI,IToJrorI4qra e cBeroBHoro AbpBo, cBerrle-

Horo AbpBo Ha e3l,IqecxIa.fl 6or llepyn, A:bpBoro Ha


fpT,MOTeBI4IIaTa, OTKT,.qOTO HgKbAe
}Jr4flTA, Mr4TOJIOrI43VpArIJkr

lO

HAQ]/|{AT V

,,rpbMHr4K". Cnope.u HgKoI/t H3cneAoBarenr4 r.l^pBa-

OpeIa, ca xapaKTepHl'{ 3a 3arraAI{HTe 6urapcxu 3eMI4. flo csozre crorlaHcKl{ Syuxquu opeJrrjr e cxoAeH cbc 3Mef, n 6:slrapcrara Mr4ToJrorI4{, rofito cblrlo e 3aUII4THXK Ha xopara or rpa4ylrrKara Ia rofiro ce 6ne c xaJILITe. 3Meqr cbilIo Karla Ha AbpBo 416. Opelrr, BJIaAeTeJI Ha He6ero, KaKTo I,I 3Me.ar, e arpu6yr Ha e3l4qecKI'rre ne6ecHz

6oxecrna, craBqHcKl4s llepyn n npa6r,lrapccr4fl


Tanrpa, a cr,ulo

qufiro xpl4cTlrqHcKu tIpI4eMHrrK, HacneAHuK e cBerl4 ILttus' Taxa


I,I

Ha rpaKl4itct<ttts 3esc,

3MeflT OT HapOAHI4Te rlpe.qcTaBl4 I'I BqpBaHI4q ce rIoK-

KaTa, Kperqv v s. oTBexAa Ha MqcToTo, KbAeTo rp.a6oa ,,4a Kbrqa", Toecr ila 6ue. Bapaa ce, rre Ha crrrHop, KbAero r{Ma opeJr, se 6ue rpaA, 3axroro rofi r{3Jrr43a r4 orKroHqBa rpaAoHocHras o6rar. KrAero ce B.rrpBa, rre rpaATjr ce Hocx or 3laefi, Ka3Bar, qe Koraro ce 3aAaAe o6lar c rpa.q, 3MeeBeTe rr3Jrr{3ar H 3aloqBar .qa ce 6utr egun cpeuy ,upyr, 4o6pr,rre cpeqy Jrolrrr{Te r4 aKo 4o6pNre ua4Br{.rrr, HsMa Ea ilaEHe rpaA. Xarure JraMrr cbrrlo Tpynanu rpaAyrrrKaTa rro AonoBere I,I e3epaTa urwr B .4yrrKa, [a3eHa or cnqla 6a6a w orKb.{ero rro cBot BOJlg. VIM4I3BVKaHa OT OpnH Tfl VI3JII/i.3AIIa. B Cenepora[a.qHa Frnrapux cbrrlecrByB a Bspa, ![e cMoK IIa3H HI{BIzITe I{ lpaAI,lHI4Te OT lpa.q I4 ApyrX flplrpoAHr,r 6eAcrsuq. B IrlsroqHa Ernraprar roJreMr{Te cMorln gbrllo ca 6ulu Ha rloql,rr, Karo ca :napvv'a}d.v!,, cvIBopHlrr1r4",,, Mex{HI,IqLI". B la6p on cKo Ka3B ar, ue BcgKa HvIF,a cr4 urva ,,cait6r4f'0, Toecr croIraHI{H cMoK, ,,cMoK cr4Hopr4fl", - rofiro g,ra3v or rpa4. To3r{ cMoK rte 6usa la 6'sle y6uyau, 3a ra He ce [peAr,r3Br,rKa TaKa rpaAyrrrKa, rr BceKr.I AeH My HocqT Mrqro B naHr,rua. Brpna ce, r{e aro Hsxofi y6ue raKbB cMoK, Irre ce pa:6oree r4 xle yMpe. To:x cMoK e MHoro 6rpr u cr4JreH r4 Koraro ce rrof,Brr o6-naxrr, rofi ce r,r3npaBs v c'be cBrrcreHe pa3np6cKBa tpaila. Cuope4 e3vqecKr4Te rrpe.[craBfi rpaAyrrrKara ce ltpaBla cbrllo I4 or ,,Heqvcrr4Te'o MbprbBIII,{ Karo y Ear;;':aT\v, o6 e ceurE rp errrHHrIH, HeKp bcreHr{, rr3BbH 6pauuu Aerra, Kor{To BrrocneAcrB[e ca noqr{HaJrr{.
53

pvBa cra cBerella or xpI4crI,IsHcKI4Te. 3a rlsra Burapur e xapaKTepHa Bspara' qe rpaAoHocHIaqr o6rar ce BoAI,I or open - Kpr,cra[I' coKoJI, Kapran - pl-Kotaro rosu o6rar ce rIo-rBI4, rlo Hero ce cTpeJltr, 3a Aa ce yflnarxv nI4JIeTO U Aa Ce orKJroH!{ B Apyra nocoKa. Tosa rure o6[rarq rpaAyrx52

Kax'ro ge.le ol6e-nfl3axMe, rpa.qbt- e pe3yJrrzl'r H or Hec[a3BaHero Ha HsKoH ra6paurr :a pa6o'ra B olpeAeJreHH [pa3Hr.iqHr{ 4Hra. Tara B Hapo.{Hara tleceH ,,Be:a;ra sa Belurn nerbK - 3aBJrer{eHa or rropou"
ce pa3Ka3Ba 3a ToBa,
KaK

cuttHa zpadyturca nuduatto, mpLtcma c A4or4Ka y6uto u mpucma nnadtt Hc6ecmu.,, (KapHo6arcro) B Hapo4rra [ofoBopKa ce Ka3Ba: ,,I-par lrar:I He EpaBIr, a gyura H Kr.rua IIpaB[T.,, A r HapogHa fa_ mHKa rpaIyUJK-aTa e OrrpHnr{LreHa TaKa: .,lIO no-ne 6enll xauaqc.r,i1..." Crutecr_syea H HaporHa [pe.[craBa, qe rparyrnKara ce BoAr4 or lilyx crapeq, Ha Kotoro locno.q mu,eBsABa ,,Bo4r.r raMo, rero Br.repa He cH xo4H.il,., a rofi qvsaJr ,,[e.ro Brrepa cv xo.a[r.. u 6ve raM. .qero e 6un ta flpeApnuHr{s ,ilcu. Apyra npeAxpr{crr,rsHcKa trpe.{cTaB4 e Ta3r{, qe fpa,qyluKaTa ce flpr,rfoTBrr oT
&rMoirt{Bl,r H gaMoRr.IJrrI, KoHTo xI4Bef,T mpaft esepara

,,Ceduana e rte dtrcan fposdaua B rneraoK netnbK npedu Beturcdeu da cu eue Jre rcowynflma. 3adade ce rne,MeH o6tarc no ofaarco cumHo poca, no poca u apadyutrco..." 'Karo Hara3aHr,re 3a xopara rpaAvurKara Ge cpeu-(a r.{ B HapoAHrrre KJre l . Tara ce Ka3Ba *I-paA
Aa re oKbJrua!"
fiJryr

,,Onycmarta mu e cBom.flma, ceamnrna nonaduama,


OnycmenU Jt4y HU8.fIma,

f, fl Tpyrrar raM H nocJre r B4rrfar s

He6ero. AKo

pz'do6um 6utt o ttosema... " B uapoAua fleceH MoMa KbJrHe rn6ero crr, KoeTO ule Ce xeHr,r 3a Apyra: ,,...y LrepKru uacped seHqan epou da epo-\tHe u mpec da mpcctrc us eedpo ue6e u uu da y6ue..." I4:o6rqo ts rteceHHr4q rua Sorxrop qecro npre

rcHaK ycflee Aa B3eN4e HSKOJTKO 3:bpHa oT TO3H KyII, To raKa roii u1e npenorBparu rpara. Bxpaa ce o[Ie, qe rpzrAyrxKa ce ,,Barfl" or tpelrrHtrrrnre na He6ero.

B Krccreu4r{Jrcro

rr-bK

tsrpBar, qe [oKpoBVTeJrr4
Hapr4LraT

[a

rpaAyruKaTa ca Tpr4Ma qoBeKa, KOrrTo

fnyxuo, Clenqo u Kpnnuo. Or xpucnaqHcKara pefl e [oBJTr{rHa BspaTa, qe fpaA ce rrpaBr.t oT Ir_ a vru rrbK qe roBa ca KaMbqerara, xol.tto 60l
pauta, 3a Aa y6ue nocentrre Ha ssrofi crorraHaH. firo He e IoLILITaJI Berrlxu.g qerBbprr,K r{rr.r,4pytpl xuu ana. I-pan,6u.e r,r raN{, Kb4ero e 3apoBeHo I{eKOHHOpOAeHO Ae're u row HtrMa Aa cnpe. Ior(aTo Ta He orHece yN,rpqnoro. Flsrue nbK K:l3Bar,
rpzlAyrrrKaTa e
Ae_ryo

c:bcrBa reMara za y6urvr or rpa,qyuxa. Ero oue eAr,rH [pr4Mep: ,,Tptt zodun dz'tcd He 6attnro, Ha qetnlbpmama eoduua
gQJrfltro

npozb p.Mnno,
54

Ha MatbocHaur4.

5t

Bl.lrapnnrr [pueMa B fpyrrara Ha cBerrlure


rpaAyurKapr4 Ha rribpBo Mqcro cBerr4 l4ttun, a c:bulo r4 cBerrr lepvan, cBerra Brprolouefi, lereH cBerr4

.qeHq Ha cBerlr

KoHcrauruu

r.r

EleHa, o6p:srqar ce

KbM Hes c

vol6u:

Arauac, JrereH cBerr,{ To4op, .rrereH cBerrrr Hvxola. Xpucrnrurcxr4.rrr cBerr4 lepuaH e ocMr4cJreH r,r [peBbpHaT OT HapOAHaTa [peAcTaBa B CbrrlecTBo, Ha_ plrqaHo [Neprraan. Tara na 6rAnu Ber{ep B MHoro Kpavqa na Eurapr4s B HetoBa qecr crorraHraHrr r43nacfl co$para Ha ABopa Lr Br.{Ka cprJrHo: ,,[xepvaue, ,{xepnraue, o6nave. flofi4u Aa Beqep.sMe. Cera 4a 4ofi4eu, JlerocKr4 oql4 Tr{ Aa He BI44I,{MO.,. A xolaro ce 3aAaAe rpbMoHocen o6lar, tbpM_sr cpeiqy Hefo Lt BrrKar: ,,B:rpHu ce, .{xepuaHe, torrM rlpa3_ Hr4K e y Hac v HgMa Mqcro 3a re6e..o

,,EtteHo, Eteuo Kocmaduuoaa, cecmpo cu pocnpu nonu,

i l

cnpu odttarco, Hocu eo s eopa seJleHa... " (llnpuncxo) A n uapoAHa rreceH ce [ee: ,Cbcmpo ErtettKe, Etteurco, ?ope cu dueail pbKa*a, da auue*t Rz'paa Ho6u HuBu aorteJflu, da -uuneu, da ue zu y6uea, qe mofi cupoJvtacu eneda u cupaqu u3xpaHsa. " (.fu6olcxo)
,{eH.nr Ha cBera Elena ce crir4Ta 3a ,,xaraItvfl'0, Toecr olaceH AeH, 3aroBa Ha Hero He rpx6na Hr,{rr1o

B qxla IOxHa Eurapza e pa3rrpocrpaHeHa


Bflpara, qe cBera Elena, Koqro cblrlo ce npr4 eMa 3a cecrpa Ha qe6ecuas tocrroAap cBern Vltux, rtocu rpaAyrxKaTa B pbKaBa cu vrv clopeA lpyfkr Bapkr_ aHTrI Ha MI4Ta - IIOA IIpecTvIIKaTa CV!, B lloflca cvI, B qyBanu t4JIvI B KOIIIHI4III4, IA g lycKa TOtaBa, KOfa_
TO e CbpAHTaVTVTCI(,A Aa HaKaxe xopaTa 3a TOBa, qe

Aa ce pa6oru HI,ITo BKbrIIrr, HI{To tlo HrrBrrre, 3a Ea rr4 rrpeAla3qr or rpaAyrrrKa. B flreseHcKo ce na3r{ rrpeAaHr4e, Koero pa3Ka3Ba KaK cBerr,r l4nws,3arrrrran cecrpa cra Erena 3arrlo ce e [peMeHura raKa, a.rfl
My ortoBopr,rJra, qe ro3r,r AeH e uefinngr. Torasa cseTUflTa q rloilnTan KOta e HetoBHqT AeH, HO Tg He My

He q rrotrrrrar.

Haru4e Ka3Bar, qe cBerl{ Epevnr

rrycra orraM. B XacroscKo cr4JrHo ce B.rrpBa, qe cBera Eleua r,{Ma ABe [r4Jrera - eAHoro cJrquo, a Apyroro tnyxo - 14 3aroBa r.r rpa.qoHoclauflT o6lar e crqn r4 rnyx, Toecr rpaAyrxKara He Moxe aa 6.s_
Ae crrpffHa. B pafioHure, B Kor4To BqpBar, qe cBera Elena Hocrd rpaAyrrrKara, oco6eHo MHoro rroqr{Tar
56

orroBopr4na, 3arqoro ce crpaxyBaJra, qe rofi u1e rrycHe 6ypuu rpaAyrxKu H rqe rrorolr4 cBera, aKo My raxe. Hsrr4e ce [pr4eMa, qe cBera Mapraua OrlreHa e cecrpa Ha cBerr4 I4nus. Esr4qecKoro BrpBaHe 3a

rrpor43xoAa Ha rpaAyrxKaTa ce cBT,p3Ba


HocHr,rr

C Xpr4CTr,rqH-

cKoTo TaM, KbAeTO [TVqaTa, rrpeABoxAarila tpaAo-

o6lar,

rr cBera

Elesa r,rMar cxoAHu o6pazu.

Taxa s PoAonnre B HapoAHa rreceH ce Ka3Ba:


57

,,Erteurco, Eneurco (4ap Rocmadunoea

derca ce KortaK He Jvlecu, derca nemen He nee."


Hx_

cecmpo), pa3nepu KpLuta, norcpuil cuHope.,, fIaK ravr, Karo Bl4.qqr rpaAonoceH o6rax,
KO.fl cTapr4rla rroB.qr4ta

Hero c AyMr4Te: ,,Ceema

Tpu [TjTr4 rroJraTe cr{ cpeqy

Eteua u ceemu Kocmadun,

nycHu ceou decuu Kpurqa, saKpulu cu none ulupoKo, 3aKputtu cu Hueu do cuaop u odttarca pa3Hecu eo no zopu u nornHu, qe cu uJWAJ.4e qoSeKe y6eceu, qe cu uJwail4e qoseK 3AKtlaH, qe cu u-Mafire qo6eK ydaeeu! ,,

llpe4nolara ce, qe AeHqr Ha e3r,rqecKaq 6or Ha rpr,MoreBr{qara llepyH e 6ur .{erslprbK r,r orryK cpeUIy rpaAyllIKa TpaAHI{I4OHHO Ce nOLII/ITaT CeAeMTe r{erBbpr"bKa or Belrax4eu Ao CuacongeH. flouurar ce w Maprvrnvtre cr6orz, Pyca-ncrara HeAeJr_s, cp s,Eara v cs6orara fipe.qv leprron4eu. lloqurar ce AeHflT Ha cBerr{ Koucranrnu ra Eleua, Ha cBerrr VInut, cBera Mapltra, Cuacon4eH. Karo Hafi-6masrr noMorrlHr4K Ha cBerv I4lus II. Kapanelon o[r4cBa cBerr{ Brproloueft - rpaAyrrrKap, uuitro AeH cbrrlo e Ha rroqlrr. Crqecrnyna rroBepr4e, qe 14 cBerrr Togop e rpaAyrxKap, KaTo ce Ka3Ba, r{e fpaAyruKaTa ,,ce cLIpH rlpe3 Cupuraqa, a Tolopuqa s. Mrra".3arosa npes Cnpulr

Tosa e

3aKJrLrHaHr,re

cpeuy rpalyrrrKa

rz o6zr_

u Enena. 3a npe4na3BaHe or rpaAyrxra z uefruure


locne.qarlr4 ce x3BbprxBaT peAr4rla MaruqecKr4 [paK_

HoBeHo ce npoI43Hac, B AeHq Ha cBerrr Koucraurran

3aroBe3HH r4 [pe3 To4oponara HeAenfl ne ce pa6oru.

u cBerIII4Te, oMHJIocTI,IBLI_ o6pe4u, HacoqeHld KbM cr{Jrr4Te, or Kor4To ce IIpOAIT3BI{KBA V Ha KOI{T0 e [OArrr4HeHO ,BJreHHeTO. llonceuecrHo ce ralrar il c[a3Bar npa3Hr4rrvre Ha Bcr{qKH ,,rpaAyrxKapv,,. MHoro BaxeH e ,qeHrr Ha cBerLr leprraaH (12 waft), na xofiro cbtrlo ue rpx6na ga ce pa6oru. Axo Ha ro3r4 AeH ce fiosBr,r o6lax, xe_
TeJrHr,r Hra r{ .qeqa Br{KaT:

TuKr{, MoJIIdrBr{ KbM Bora

3a6panure za pa6ota ce cra3Bar, sa Ea He [ocurrsr cBerrlilTe HprBrare c neAeHr,r 3bpHa or ue6ero. Xenure He Maqr, He flepar, He r{yKar c 61xa-nxrz, He npocrl4par 6xro lpaHe. B Kapuo6arcKo xeHrare BVKar cpelr1y

o6lara ,,B:spul4 Tylype, Ko3ur", a e Jloserrrro


o6rara: ,,PycaJrcxa cps1a, Ty4ypNrunn ne-

Ka3Bar na

,,fepuaue, sbprtu npasuuae! Ifpeuecu n (epadyutrcama) y nycma zopa,


JB

r"rx! Paepeurv pyca Koca, rrorpr4fi rrueu o6raK.'o B 3anaAna Ctapa [naHr,rHa ce qecrBa v rflT:na cBera flerra, Karo ce rrpaBrl xyp6an, xofiro e [poTr,rB rpaA, a cr,ulo I4 [poTr,rB cyr]a u ApyfH rrpr4poAnra OeAcreus. B 3anaAHa E:urapnr flor{rrrar JrrrHaTa cBera Auua, rraK 3a Aa ola3qr rroJrrra or rpaAyrxKa. ?Iua lerenga sa Kyr.nboBara HrrBa, ro rruir59

TO Cr4HOp tpa.qbT Br4Hatr4 cnr4pan

ila 6ve,3aruoTo

CTOIAHI{HTJT AqAO KYTNbO OTHAC,JI BIIHAIH B I{bPK-

xIecTByBa HapoAHa [pr4Ka3Ka, oTHoBo 3a cerqHzHa

ABaMa 6ln:uaqra 3aopaBar ce;rcKara Mepa c ABa BoJra, Ko_ r,rro cbrrro rpx6na ga ca 6tuzHarlr4. Ha nsxoa Mecra cre4 BelzKAeH r43Hacqr Ha HrzBara vepnenu xfiqa, Ko[To [peABapr,rreJrHo ca HaqyrreHr4. C:srqecrnyna o6uqaia Ha leprsoeAeH Aa ce 3apoBx B HHBara rr:6p_ noro 6or4ucaHo Ha Benur<Aeu qfiqe, Karo ce BqpBa, qe .t:sfi Karo ro e or Bemarn r{erB:bpr:br, r4Ma Matu_ r{ecKa cvrra v qe [a3r4 or tpaA. lIaK sa [peAla3Ba_ He oT tpaA B rr:bpBoTo CeMe 3a IIoceB ce cJrataT cb_ lqo qepynKrr or BeJrr{KAeHcKt4 sitt\a. B Eypracro cpeqy rpaAyrrma ce r{3r:brHqBa r4
clroMeHarara Beqe o6pe4na rarpa ,,Mapa rl4ltraHKa,,. Ha H.sxou Mecra 3a [pe,qla3BaHe or rparyrrrKa He ce pa6orr,r B cpq4a r{ nerbK. Bapoa ce, qe aKo ce

Bara xr4To, rap 3a cBera EleHa. 3a npe4na:BaHe or tpaAyxrKa s norafrua Ao6a ce flpaBr,r Marr4qecKr4 o6pe4, Karo 6parn

Kyr-nro, rofiro B:a*arv AaBan Ha 6eAHu xopa, cvparlr4 r,r BIoBr4rIr,{ KyTen xuTo, HuKoto He oTnbxAaJI oT .qoMa cr4 c rrpa3Hr..r pbrle. Koraro ce 3aAan r{epeH rpbMoHoceH o6raK, or Hero ce qyn Drac:

,,Btpmu, ebpmu, Bzpmottouee, ydpu, 6uil, fepuaue, Kymnaoea uuea da ona3uu)!" ?I o6:rarsr Hr{Kora He yApqn HeroBara nxsa. 3a [peAna3Baue or o6raK c rpaA M:bxere crpenqr cpeu1y Hero, 3a Aa clnarxar opena, xofiro ro rrpeABo)KAa. flosceN{ecrHo ce B.rrpBa, t{e rpaAyrxxara Moxe
Aa ce cnpe, KaTo ce BAr,rfa roJr.trM rrryM, KaTo ce yApgr reHeKI,Iu u 6r,uail, Karo ce 6aqr xaN,I6aHr{Te, yA-

Hapyurar :a6panure sa pa6ora, ue 3aBaJrr4 rpaA v 3bpHaTa uy nle ar:vlar soprraaTa Ha ToBa, c KoeTo ce e pa6orelo - paJro, xypKa, cbpn. llar cpeqy rpa_
AyrrrKa Bb3pacTHr4 XOpa pa3AaBaT frr4TKr{, HaMa3aHr{ c Me.{. A rau, KbAero r4Ma Bflpa, Lre tpag5r ce Hocr,r

o:t 3vefi, Ha lBopa r43nrv3a,,3MefiH[veHa xeHa.. Ir cbc 3aKJII{HAHHfl Ce o[HTBa Aa fo OMI{JIOCTIIB14, :EIa_ puuafrxu to,,cJIaAbKoo,,,Mo.roH,,. 3a Aa ce 3ara3qr Hr{BXTe or tpaA, ce pa3AaBa Mr{Jrocrr4Hff Ha cr{parlil, BAoBr4rIa r4 cr,rpoMacu. Cr,_
60

pqT ce cBr4HeTe r{ KoKorrrKr{Te Aa KpqKaT r4 KBr4qaT. HsxrAe c ,,rylyrvr6ra'o u3KapBar roperqa BoAa cpeqy o6nara, 3a g.a,,paaTo[fr" rpa4ylrxara. IIo BpeMe Ha rpaA rpr6na Aa ce Mbnqr{, a c:brrlo Aa ce 3arlan.f,T cBerrl nnLI cJIaMa, 3arla3eHa or Brgura Beqep, or BeJrrrKAeH, or lepruonAeH rrnil or To4oposAeH. Tara e HapoAHa rreceH ce pa3Ka3Ba KaK Koraro o6raKrr sarloqBa Ea e,ivI, Aa rbpMl.{, vtafixara na Croqu ,,Tn cu no deopa xodeute, ?epzbogcKu cgeu4u nqneute, ?epzboscKu u eetturcdeucrcu u ca Ha 6oea uotteute..." (Arirocxo) - 3a .qa ce cnpe rpaAyruKara, Ha .qBopa ce za6wBa ceKr{pa c ocTpr4eTo Harope, KaTo TaKa ce cr4Mynr4pa pa3anrraHe Ha neAeHHTe 3bpHa. Ha 4eopa u:-

6I

HacsT

3a6vBaT r{epqcnoTo Lr craraT Con B:bpxy My,

cupeaHeto", ,,crr,crflBaHero" Ha BoAara a o6laqrare,


KOTaTO Tg. I43CTVLH9, UJrr4 OT JIeAeHr{Te AbxAoBHI4 KarI-

rraK 3a Aa ce pa3Mr4rre o6narrcT. Izlgo6rqo qecro ocTpr4Te [peAMeTr4 ce [ocTaBqT coJI I4Ir4 Irl4nep,

ro
Ka_

To ce BgpBa B TsxHara anorponeftHa, orrlT,xAaura cur-ra. B H.sKon Kpara[Ia ua Burapuq Hafi_rorqMoro, a B Apytr4 - safi-tra,rKoro Aere or cenaeficrBoro rr Jrra eAHo r{nr4 Tpr4 neleHr,r 3bpHa. B KasanmruKo e pa3[pocrpaHeHa rrpaKTzKara Ea crlnwtrar roJro gere, o6urHoBeHo v3T:r,pcaKa, ro
.qa

xu. lpa4 ce o6pa:yna rur Kotaro rrapara u pocara ce t43Ar4taT Hatope u tH rrpeceqe cTyAeH BqTbp r,rJrr{ KofaTo Burr4 AbxA 14 BHe3arrHo y&apu cTyE,uItr4 KotaTo ,,ee c6uflT" gna o6laxa, TofIbJI H cryAeH, Lt r. H.

o6ptrqar

o6laKa, Aa ro r:bpKansr rro 3eMsra

rru

Poca, pycb, pocb


llpe4xpracrr4sHcKr4Te e3r4qgcKr4 rrpeAcraBr4 cBbp -

ra

cbrqo Aa My
e
Lr

AaBaT Aa fbJrTa 3:bpHa oT tpaAyrxKaTa.

3BaT pOCaTa CTC CBp]bXeCTecTBeHilTe MI4Tt4r{HLt

CT)-

Apyra MarzrlecKa [paKTrrKa cperqy rpaAyrrrKa Ta3v, rrpr4 Korro xenr{Te o6prrqar ilupocrwflTa
a3cr{rrBar B cpe.qara

IrlecrBa ,,pyczll4v". Te xzee.f,r naxpafi cBera


rrpe3 rrponerra

vv1riar
B

i va:lro con c gyMrrre: ,,Karro ce npbcKa coJITa, rtfi Aa ce rlpr,cKa rpa4ynrxara.,. B


Co$uficrco, KrocreH4zJrcKo, Karo ce [o.rrBt4 tpaAo_ HoceH o6_rrax, Maxar cbc cl{Toro, 3a Ia ro or[a,Asr. Xesn r,r MoMr{ r.r3Jrv3ar Ha ABopa c BAurHar}r rroJrr{ I,I BVKaT ,,Wcra MOMa", ,,r{LIcT o6raK,.. Clll1o
ce

ra

poc.rrr

qrSualure

lnr4Bu vr Jtr4BaEv,

Ta

ra

3aB:bpxar xr4To. Pyca_lnnre Hoc.sr pocara

por. Oco6eHo [or{r4Tana e ,,Pycalcxara

:aeg'erfl",

rrpa3HHKsr Ha pycilnr,rnTe, KaTo ce B.spBa, qe oT ToBa

pbceHe 3aBvrcu Aarrr4 ilIe r.rMa nnoAopol.I/ieI,,.]J.vrna4.

Bnpna ce, qe pocara e o6pasynaHa or cbJr3r4Te Ha yMpenr4 MnaAr,r MoMr4qeTa, Kor,rTo TbtyBaT rro

rnela
r4p

rpaAoHocHra.flr

o6rar lpes nlp6oBu,

Herl'., 3ala3eH

or I{neruuqa.

,,Be_

lto6xvare

pasnpocr.paHeHa e }r

oHraqHara 6rarocrosrzq

,,Arco 6eeaut om epad, ua datrcd da me omHece locnod, arco 6eeaut om dttcd, ua zpad da ruarcaneut.,,

Toga BspBaHe e cBbp3aHo c e3r,{qecKr4Te rrpeAcraBw 3a caMoArrBr4Te - cbrrlecrsa, 6nuzKr4 Ao pycan:,ztare. Aro qoser cbHyBa ,,cvlr*a poca'., ToBa e [peAcKa3aHlre 3a c:bJr3r,r. llosrzqHo or xprrcTI4qHCKaTa penl.lrns, e B.gpBaHeTo, r{e pocaTa - ToBa ca cbJr3I4Te ua Eoropo4villa, a cbulo qe rq ce [ycKa
cra.

or

se6ecnras BnaAeren cBera L\nus,


rrecHr,r ce

vru or

cBerr4

Maxap u 6emo, Ho cbrrlecrByBar 14 H.rrKorr pa\n_ oHaJrHt4 o6qcueHns or cercru.s crorraHrrH Ha.f,BreHu_ ero rparyuKa. Kaeea ce, qe rx ce o6pa3yBa or
,,cb_ 62

leoprn. B HapoAHr4

cpeua reMara 3a roAa

caMoBHJra, Koqro cJra3a Ha 3eMrra uo4 Sopnaara Ha poca,3a 4a oTBJeqe HflKOfl MOMa. 63

B napo4arzre raraHKu cbrrlo ca orpa3eHvt Bflp_ BaHero 3a pocara, rIpeAcraBI4Te 3a He.f,:


rroJre
y

,,I{xroro c BoAa rrocxrrara, a 6po6zusolr He Mox(e .qa

EaBla.",,,Eoxa [nroHqr{qa, 6oropo4ur{Ha cbr3l{qa,

Harrra ttpoxnaAr4rla, Bat[a [oMonpuqa...

floncevecrno
paHeHa
vr

6rlrapcKzTe

3eMr4 e

pa3fipocr_

BflpaTa,

Lre

Ha olpeAeneHr4 .qHr4 rrpe3 toAr4_

ecu 6epercem BuHo, ilcLtmo." Bapaafircra B MarlFrecrara i cvta, Ha MHoro Mecra Ha leprson4eH o6upar pocara c [erxKl4p I,Ls r43rlexAar raM, Aero ce 3aMecBa xr.a6t.r, a cblrlo u 3aMecBar c He.f, Tecroro sa o6peAHI,ITe xrq6ose. Or Ta3r,r poca 3aKBacBar LI MJrsKoro, axtt6a,3aMeceH c Heq, TT'pKy.[BaT B ryMHOTO CrI' KOfaTO Bbplle.flT, 3a

Hara pocaravMa JreKoBr{Ta, MatrlqecKa cala. llopa_ II,I TOBa Ha Te3r{ AHr,{ ce r,{3BT,prrrBaT ]11peAr4L\A O6pe_ Iu 3a 3ApaBe. Taxasa npoAyrluparrla H npe4rra3Ha cr{na pocarar4Ma Ha Enron4eH, na CnacoBAeH, rrpe3

Aa rrpr,rBnerar uso6uJrl4ero. Ha rruoro Mecra 3a 3ApaBe rrpe3 HoIrITa cpeuy CnacoeAeu ilocraBqr B o6yaxa napqe xts6 u aKo Ha Apyrl,Lf, AeH Bbpxy Hero
6oren qoBeK IrIe o3ApaBee. lloqsara Ha KbpBaBa poca, rloAo6no ua KbpBaB Ab)KA, e 3HaK, rre e HMaJIo KpbBocMelreHl{e, rp-sx. Tara s HapoAnara fleceH ,,EHuvapun u [paraua" ce
r4Ma poca, ToBa e 3HaK, lre

,,Pycalcxata Hegerfi,,, Ho ce BflpBa, qe nafi_cznna e na lepruon.qeH r.l ua Belzr4eu. Brpara B Matr{tlecKa_ TA CVrIra Ha pocaTa MOXe Ea ce cBbpxe c Bflpara B
Marr{qecKara cvra Ha BoAara uso6ulo. Ha resra

pocara e ,,6JlarocJroBeira,o. llo crap olu,raft ToraBa xopara ce r:bpKanqr ,,3a 3ApaBe,o tto pocHI4Te JII4Ba_
Ar4 paHo yTpr,rHTa, Mrasr Kocr,rTe r.r nr4rlaTa cr,r c poca_

AHra

pa3Ka3Ba KaK

TA, AABAT HA IEIIATA AA \]1r'lT OT HEq, KATO CC B,SPBA, qe Ts JreKyBa rr:brrKz rro TsroTo r4 [peMaxBa ypoKl,r.

,,Om ncHo ue6o nopocua rctpe'aea poca nopocHa", 3arrroro te 6unu6pat u cecrpa, Toecr KbpBaBa poca ce sBfrBa KaTo eAHo npeA3HaMeHoBaHI4e 3a rp.ax. B Apyra Hapo.qHa receH KbpBaBara poca e
npeAcraBeHa Karo 3HaK 3a eofiHa. Paquonanuxre 3HaHIaq 3a pocara HapoAbr
HH

Cperqa ce

r,r

HapoAHa 6naroc,roszq:

,,Om.4emena nenepyda

om opaqa Ha opaqa, om rconoqa Ha Konaqa.

[peAcTaBq KaTo I43CTLrHanA ilApA, MblJIa, KOqTO Ber{epHo BpeMe, Koraro 3eMqra e rofIJIa, nqra 6rlago

da sapocum cumHa poca, cumHa poca 6epercemrua

Ao 3eM.f,Ta H cyrpr4rTa ce npeBpblrla B poca. TnrpAr{ ce cbrrlo, qe pocara rlaAa or ne6ero caMo rIpI4 TOTTJIO BpeMe rrnr,r Koraro Bb3Ayxbr e ronbn I4 I43BeAHbX CTaHe CTyAeHO.

u no nonpe u no Jvtope. fla ce podum ece 6epercem,


64

65

Mrr:ra (nasrrll), Ea6a


MOlJIa,
,rMeTTTe"

MbtJra,

Hapo4urare npeAcraBr4 3a MbtJrara r,rMar npeAr.{MHo paur4oHaneH xapaKTep. flpuerraa ce, ire rs ce IIOJIyqaBa oT lrapnTe, KoI4TO I,I3JII43aT OT 3eMflTA, ]1IIII4 r{e ToBa e cryAeHa BoAHa napa, AoKapaHa oT MOpeTO

[paBqr nPeacKa3aHI{.s rr 3a Bzulex(Ia or AbxA. B uapoguur fro-irxnop M:lrnara e olplrnvqeHa I,I Ha ,,!IepHa 6usorur\a, Koqro Kpr,re BbnIIu s ce6e cr4". AB raraHKI{ ce olplarvlqaBa ua ,,Cypa MeqKa Bo3 Aon 6era", ,,I$pna MeqKa IIo [JIaHI,lHt4Te 6ela',o l4lrvr ]Fra,,Merrre'o: ,,vp4eHe ce BHxAa.

flo qsera

Ha MbtJrara ce

Ho Merrre rro

ptu

ce BaJIKaIrre."

9ecro

B HapoAHI,ITe

or Bqrlpa ,,gorH{K". Or Naslllara craBar o6laqzre,


Koraro
prABa

rt

ce BAI4rHe rlo-Br{coKo,rz'lrrr ue e o6rax, na4_

rrecHrr MbuIaTa e 14 rIpeAcTaBI{TeJIKa Ha r{yMaTa. Karro seqe or6erq3zlxMe, noA BnI4sHI,Ie Ha xplacTI{.flHCTBOTO Ce IIO.gB.f,Ba

HaJr Ha 3eMsra.

Aro na6ru3o

IrMa peKa, To MrbrJrara

or ner. Cpeqa ce B.gpBaHe, qe MT,DIara urBa or lyuan raJrr4 or tlepno Mope, Jrex(r4 rro ABa-Tpr,{ AHr,r B 6tarara Lr ilaila uo4 $opnaara Ha AbxA.
Cnopeg HapoAHo npeAaHr4e arrr,rocfi epnoro .rrBneHr{e M:btJra e cecrpa na o6laqure, 3arBopeHa e B rrerqapa or loclog, 3auloro e cbtpe[rxna, a KJroqoBere or rrerqepara ca y cBern LIrus.. Or nerqepara a
rrycKaT calvro

Bflpula, ![e M:blJrara e IrpareHa or locnog xaro 6oxecrBeHo [vtrannq roero rofi
rrycKa, 3a

Ia

He BLIXAa JIOITIVTe Ees}lrLA Ha XOpaTa'

Esnqecrure HapoAHI,I [peAcraBI,I orbxAecrB.sBaT MbrJraTa c xana l4Jlv raMfl., fla4l:Iana Ha 3eM.flTa,

sa.qa o6epe rlJloAopoAuero. B KoneAapcKa HapoAHa


rreceH

or Co$zficKo

ce pa3Ka3Ba 3a roBa, KaK

locuoA

ranr4 cBeTr4

vllUn,

KOTaTO pe-

urar. Bnpna ce c:blrlo, LIe Mbrlrara e v MafbocHrrrla, KOSTO OMatbocBa xopaTa, t4JtI4 XAjlA, KO.fiTO VI3flx.tra
lrrreHr4rlara
14

rpo3Aero. Hapoa:sr

Hr,r

pa3Ka3Ba lrHTe-

pecHa IIpI4Ka3Ka 3a tnyllalll4, KOI4TO M}ICJIeJII{, qe M:r,rJIaTa e IIaMyK I4JLU BT.JI}IA, V CKOTLLIII' B Heq u ce upe6urz. Crrqo clopeA Hapo,qHr4 crapr4 npercraBr4 rx ce o6pa3yBa ,.HaKpait 3ervtxra, Aero rroqBa caMo Bo4a". Koraro I4Ma rexKa MbtJIa, ce Ka3Ba: ,,[a u3ropr4M HsKo.[ KparyHa, Ta ,[a Ayfilue BflTBp.* B uapo4ula [ecHI,I MT,tJIara e HapeLIeHa ,,flcHa,,, Koraro e 6gna I4 cBerJIa, Lt ,,T:.,M]Ha,o, Kofaro HI,IlIo
66

,,fladuana e zbcma JilbzJtd ua CofiurtcKo pasHo notte. He e 6urto ebcma Jvtbzna, uo e 6uno cypa ratiln. fia cu ade 6ena nureHurya u da so6e 6eto zposde."
Izlso6uo Ha MbrJlara ce tneAa Karo Ha HeIrIo no[ro, Koero ule yHzrqoxl4 peKonTaTa I,I ue AoHece MHoro 6eAu Ha xopara. floscevlecftIo ce BspBa, LIe Koraro r4Ma Mbrlla, xopara ce :ary6ear, o6tprnar rturs. ct4r 3aroBa g. laapvvrar ,,Heql,Icra pa6ora", ,,3ro BpeMe",
,,JIoIrro BpeMe". Axo rvlrmara ce 3a.[bpx(I,I Abnlo BpeMe, To roBa ce [pl4eMa Karo 3HaK, r{e ue uIvra 6olec67

Tr4 rro

xopa

r4

no Ao6r.{Tr,K. B

urma

ue 6uea Aa ce v3_
14 HAilAILAT

JII43a, 3aLIIOTO TOtaBa VI3,ILVF,AT

V BT,IIII4Te

pa. Cpeury MbrJlara AeIIara B[Kar ,,Bfliair, 6nrait, Mr,uro, ure AofiAar ryplrl4 KoKoAaplrx, qe re 3aror.flTH
I{ ule rH rypsr KorelrrKtr MeIrHHI,I" I{ ToraBa MbHIara CII OTI{BAJIA. HqTT,AC KA3BAT, I{E MT'IJIATA _ TOBA E AI{MtT, rofr.to
t43[rr43a

xopara. Orryx e r.r HapoAHVflvapa3,,AINI Aa e, cHer Aa e, caMo Jrotro BpeMe Aa He e,, (roecr MT,|II,IBO Bpe_

ue). Mr,uara o6bpKBa r{ HaMepeHr4 flTa Haxopara. B


HapoAHa rreceH ce pa3Ka3Ba 3a roBa, KaK MoMbK, Kofr_ ro 6zl na ryp6er n uyx6zHa, Tpr,tHan 3a AoMa cH, Ho

or

KoMI4HI{Te Ha KbIl{XTe.

B pe:ynrar Ha KoHKperHIlTe

cIa na6nroAenu.s

,,Toeo Jttu ce cmopnm *tb?Jtu, npaxose. Rzrda norrucnul,q myK da ocmaneu.

Txzo au ce cmopam cflbHrye u Jileceq.,, Mrrrtara e [pe4craBeHa B Hapo4uzx Solrrtop ,r Karo :vrefi, rofiro BAHra MoMa, Ko.flTo e sarro6l,ur: ,,...Huil Kamo sa me6a doduue... mbt4Ha u,le .Mberra da nadue...,, Crqo B Hapo.qHa fiecen MT,urara ilaila u B He,x
ce KpI4qT CaMOAI4BH
,,TeMHa M:bDIa"
Il'.ItVt IOEU CaMoBIIJII4, KOI,ITO Ca

cercKplgr crorIaHI{H pa3nl4r{aBa ,,go6pkt" v ,,rorfr4'o MbrJrrr 3a peKonrara. Tara 3a xrrrara rr JIo3.flTa e BpeAHa rrpQnerHara MblJIa, KotTo e rorIJIa I4 CneA Heq HMa cnbHIIe. CryAeuara eceHHa MblJIa rrr,K e rroJre3Ha 3a 3eJlero Id rrorroHa H 3a peKoJlrara uzo6rIIO, 3aU{OTO BpeMeTO e pocHo I,I 3eneTo rIIe cBue rroeAprl 3enKI4. 3uvtrIEre MbtJII{ ca MHoto orracHla 3a oBoIrrKI4Te,.3aIrIOTO OT TgX [aAa CKpeX( no oBorrIKI,ITe
Lr

re

,,cKpl4xacar6'.

c-blrlo IlABar Aa orKpaAHar MoMa_ ra. B 4pyro orlpnnrzr{aBaHe or HapoAa Ha M:burara rs e craAoro Ha rracrr{pa. Taxa B KoneAHa rreceH ce [ee:
,,

Crana, cJraHb
Cercxra.f,r crorIaHLIH 3Hae, qe cJlaHara e ,,3aMpb3Hana pocaoo, Ko.f,To ce o6pa:yea ilIaBHo HoIrIeM,

If pu n a d n a rt a mb JvtHa Jvrb zr a,

Ronade, Rotade ne, no n"taHr.tHu, no pyduuu. Ty npunada, my ce duza. He e 6utto mbtvtHa .Mbe.fia, uo e 6urto Hoilrao osltzp cbc cqoemo cueo cmado...,, Hapoar,r BspBa orqe r4 qe Ayrxara Ha yMpenuTe H3Irv3a Karo ,,M:btJluqa,,. Bxpna ce il qe Koraro ,{Ma Mbura, To ruIK:bAe uIMa v,,KtbpHLrHa.., Toecr y6ul:u xo_
6B

lpr,r 3a3oprBaHe, KolaTo 3eMHtrTe rIpeAMeTI4 I/3CTVT' uar. CrqecrByBa cblrlo [peAcraBa, r'Ie rq e c He6eceH rrpon3xoA I4 ce o6pa:yea or KalKure BJIara, Kor,rro naAar or ue6eto, Koraro BpeMero e cryAeHo. C lpe4craal,ITe 3a cnaHara ca cBbp3aHll I4 H.f,Kou BflpBAIjVrfl, KOI,ITO npol,I3Tur{ar or cxBaulaHero 3a BpeAHara cblrlHocr Ha roBa.sBJIeHLIe. Brpna ce, qe aKo
qoBeK, xr{BorHo I4nv pacreHl.re 6sAe ocJIaHeHo, nona-

peHo

or

cJtana, To ce

pa:6olxna v
69

lu:l,r'r4pa.

Hsxtqe

6a4e:acratHara or Apyta, ToBa npeABe[IaBa MHoro cHflt r{ cry4. Hafi-MHoro cJIaHa [ra(a, KOfaTO 3Be3AI4Te 3arloqHaT.qa TpeIIKaT, B neprroAa or Kp:scronAeH Ao flravurpongeH. r{ecro B HapogHr,rre rrecHr{ cxpr6ra Ha xopara
ce onpunruaBa Ha cJrana, rraAHaJra uanpoler. Tara

Ka3Bar, rle aKo eAHa cnana

u HanpoJrem craHa da m'nonaPu."


I4 oure:
,,Eoe me y6utr me6e, dPoeo,

vrafira xalrr{ IBaMara cv


vrTo ca MbpTBr,r:

cr4HoBe r,r Abrrlepq cr4, Ko-

eudarto cped tamo c"xaHb da eartu, rcamo ft no uotte eaiana, mA JvIU OCLAHU, OCflAHU dea cmporca paHeH 6ocuteK, uettcdy mnx py)rca areHe." ClaHara qbrrlo raKa ce ortplanuqaBav:na sN{efi. Tara e xerBapcKara rreceH or Kapuo6arcKo ,,3vefi - cralF,a" ce ree: ,,-..myil spetvre cnaHa nada ttu, myil epeue e llempoeu nocmu? Toil ue e clraHa eceHHa, .uu uail nu e sueilHo om zopuqa, moil uu qsememo Loeopu." B uapo4uzre rrecHrr cJraHara ce orrpranvqar,avt Ha 3aBr4BKa, rroKplrBKa 3a cvpa\u u 6eguu. Tenrara 3a craHara ce cpeqa r.r B Hapo.qHr{Te KJIeTB}I. Taxa

,,fe ce e aydo

me6e, dptao mpenemruso, mu da pacHeul y ocoe, derca pauo cttaHa nada.."" Jlourure [ocJIeAcrBIuIq or cnaHara ca orpa3eH]I r4 B HapoAHHTe taraHKI{, Karo HaIrpI'IMep: ,,lf[I'ulo 6oro no ropa xoAI,Ino, IIBer He ocraBI{JIo." Cnanara ce Bb3[plleMa u. Karo HaKa3aHLIe 3a cropeHo sro. B HapoAHa neceH ce pa3Ka3Ba 3a roBa,
KaK rraAa cJIaHa 3a HaKa3aHue Ha

xafi4yrra Anrelu-

Ha, Koqro uory6oa ,,KJIero rYP.le'o:

,,Omrca eo e noey6utta,

mpu zoduuu dotrc ue fiaua, ce BbpHano ePad u crtaHa." 3a npegnasBaHe or craua ce tl3BbplxBar
neHAapHI,I AHII
MOKpI4 TpeBI,I

H-sKou

MarI,IqecKId o6pe.qHu Eeitclsus' Ha onpeAeJIeHIl Ka-

[pe3 loAl4Hara. Cronannre [iurqr

I KJIOHKII IIOA OBOIXKIITe B lpaAilHATA x rr.I ocraBtr Aa rlyruar. Clqecreyna sa6pana nper MapreHcKI,Ire sr6ona .qa He ce nepe I'I Aa He ce npocrllpar 6elIa 4pexra. Ha 1 Mapr rIpeAI'I I'I3rpeBcJrbHIIe Lr3nI{BaT Ha ABOpa KoTeJI C lopeua BoAa
I4

Kpann Mapxo

KbJrHe

Aa HaMepH BOAa.qa yTOnH

ropara, 3arrloro He e MotbJr xaxAaTa cr{:

r43pvlrar ,,Ba6a Mapra Aa rlorrapu cJlaHara.6( fIaK 3a rrpeArla3BaHe or cJIaHa 3aB:bp3Bar qepBeH iloflc
UNI4 I.ICPBEH KOHEII HA H'KOE AbPBO.

,,4rco mu, eopo, 3eJteHa eopuqe,

da 6u dan Eoz oztu da m'uszopu


70

7I

MapaHx, oMapa, TperrKb


Toea e arvoc$epuo qBJreHr4e, Koero ce flBflBa uafi-qecro K:bM cpeAara Ha Mafi, xoraro ce rro3a_ TOTIJII4 BpeMeTo, a c:bxlo t4 IIO BpeMe Ha x(T,IBa, KO_ faro Ha ne6ero uqN,ra o6raqz, a cJrlHuero flpexypq. Hapogua nofoBopKa tnacvr:,,Tperxr rraAb BpeMHTy ce crolrl4."

par a

6utu MHoro lpelrHrr,

He noqr4Tzur

u 6aula u vaitr.r

Ka, r4MaJro Kpr,BocMerxeHr4q MexAy

He6ecna Abra
Tona aruoc$epHo sBreHue HapoABr- H:a:aapvqa

At'Iqeps, cecrpa u 6par, He ce x(aJreJru BAoBr4rIH, cvtpa\v 14 cvpoMacr4. 3aroea Bor ce sAocal u pelrr4Jr Aa rr{ HaKaxe, KaTo I,IM IrpaTI{n fIoToIr, Ta Ia v3I.aBI4 BCI,IqKI4; HO Koraro r-ryn nI4gbIII4re I,r xal6rare Ha xeHtr, Aeqa, [TI4qx pI xl{Borrauru, rofi MHoro ce Har:bxrt[ u ce 3aKJren .4a He [parqa IIoBeqe rroTorr r4 KaTo cBI4AeTencTBo 3a ToBa HanpaBr4lr t1[parl4n or ue6ero 4rra. lloncerraecrHo ce BqpBa u qe ne6ecHara Abra e rto-nc:br Ha AfiAo locnoA, rofiro rofi nycra rro BpeMe
Ha AbxA, 3a Aa

6aqa

onle c llMeHara ,,3yHKa" (ayurr), ,,3y]ua,,, ,,4bMfa,., ,,crblfiqa", ,r6a6a 3yHKa", ,rTKaH[qa,., ,,6a6uua pu_ 3a", ,,6a6LrHo rIJIarHo", ,,6a6l4:H llo.f,c,,, ,,focrloAoB ilo-fl c",,,xt{To-BI{Ho",,,BI4Ho- paKr4fr*. Bcraqru regu r4MeHa OTpa3flBaT HapoAHr4Te [pe.{cTaBV 3a CT,rrI_ Hocrra 14 [por43xoAa Ha AT,tara. B uapogur4Te [pe.q_ craBz 3a Abtara ce orKprrBa Blr4fllr.:ae or 6u6neficroTO BtpBaHe, LIe T_f, Ce _gBqBa Br{Hatu cneA A:bxA KaTo

Aero e I,I eAHo Ba MOXe Aa Ce pa3rnexAa r{ KaTo xprIcTrrgHcKa Mo4N$r.rxaqNr Ha e3r4qecKara rlpeAcraBa 3a ne6ecnara Abra Karo noqc Ha caMoAI4BtI I{JrI4 KarO ,,6A6UUO nrarHo", ,,6a6un rlo.f,c", ,,6a6uaa prr3a". Cnopeg xpr4crr,rflHcKara npeAcrasa He6ecHara Abra e I{ rlosc:br Ha Eoropo.quqa. Cperqar ce v v3pa3vre ,,locno4 (cnern l4nur,),6a6a 3yHxa cv \yc*a rroflcaoo.

to H3rlepe vnv Aa ro H3cyrrII4, oTKbor LrMeHara - ,,frofl.c". Taru npe4cra-

EoNz 3HaK, rre HqMa Aa r.IMa rloro[. Kassa ce oule: ,,CBerrl lLtug ilIe Htr 3afIa3I,I, 3yHKara flycHa, HqMa Ea vMa rpaA." AKo ,,xl4ro-Br4Ho,. (g:bra) ce norBl4 Bor ce ctp_ av Ha xopara r{ ilre r4Ma [ororr. floseara ir e la sHar 3a nno4oBr4Tocr, 3auloro Bor 6ust xazat na Eea: ,,.{oKaro IlMa AT,ta, xopara tt1e ce pa3nno4.f,Bar, a rrloM Karo ce n:ry6u, ule r4Ma BTopo rtpIau]ecrBze.,.
Hapo4Ho noBepr4e pa3Ka3Ba, qe e.qHo BpeMe xo72 Tpr4 vnr4 ceAeM toAr4Hr4, ToBa e 3HaK, qe

Ha Abtara ,,6oxl4rbK" e cBr,p3aHo c npeAcraBara3a ybtara nalo 6oNu rtr, JrbK Ha locuoA. Movtl pI HeBecrI{ ca yKpacsBaJII4 rrorcilTe cr{ ilo o6paseq Ha IlBeroBere Ha ,,3yHKara'o x orryK vMero. B roseulfl4Te ceJla flpneMar, r{e AT,rara e Ha ,,ilfiro locno.q 3HaMero" t4 fl Hapwrar ,,g6Mfb", ,,3yHI4.-IKaoo. Koraro ce [oqBI4 ilTIal a cn:bHrleTo rreqe r4 eAHoBpeMeHHo Bzulu AbxA, Ka3HauNreHoeaHl4ero
BaT, qe AqBoJIbT, Jtr4cvfi\aTa I,IJIU MeqKaTa ce x(eH-flT.
73

Cnope4 HapoAHara rrpeAcraBa

ocHoBHoro

npeAHa3Har{eHLIe Ha AT,fara e Aa ,,TetJII4.. Boga or peKr4Te v Ea fl, AaBa Ha o6laqzre, Koraro re ca fl

Ba rrJroAopoAxe IIo HI4Br4Te X MHO|O AeIIa B Kbrrlfi. |lo sacurenocrra v tnvpvtna'ra Ha rrBeroBere Ha

rq Hocu 4r,xg z 6epeKer Ha 3eM.rrra, a ABara i rpax ca rrororreHr4 B peKara, B KnaAeHerI vtrvr B e3epo. Tara 4rrara Moxe Aa ce lprreMe KaTo BpL,3Ka, [OCpeAHr.rK MexIy 3e_ Mqra v ne6ero B HapoAHr4Te BqpBaHus.. I4vta yxpa, rle Ha M.ICTOTO, KT,AeTO AbfaTa e ,,ilt4lt}" BOAa, Ce nocraBr4 3JrarHa r{a[Ia, .to:lt, xoft'to HaMepr,I LlalrraTa, rr1e Mox(e Ia HaAHr.rKHe n 6rgerqero r4 rrle My ce tr3rribJlHflT BcarrKr4 xeJIaHr{g. HqxrAe Ka3Bar, r{e
,,xafi4yutKo rra4eHue,,. Brpara n 6oxara, MatnirecKa, erJlue6Ha cu-na sa He6ecnara Ar,ta onpeAenq r,r Apyra Bspa - lre !roBeK MOXe Aa [pOMeHI4 IIOJTa CpI, aKo Mr{He IIoA AT,-

cBT,prxr4nv. 3aroea ce BspBa, qe

AT,rara ce [paBsr vta4anfis. u:a 6lAerqara peKonra. Haxr4e [przeMar, qe rq r4Ma tJraBHo rpr4 r{B-sra, a ApyraAe - .uer:zpr4.llosceMecnro o6aqe ce BrpBa, r{e

gafi-culeH e r-IepBeHr4qr I{Bqr, ToBa e 3HaK, qe rle r,rMa MHoro fpo3Ae r{ Br4Ho. Xrnrusr 3HaK rroKa3Ba, ue 6epererbr ure e rro xvrara r4 qapeBr4rlara, a 3eJrear<o

Hr,rrrr rlB.sr e rIBerEr Ha rpeBr4Te

vr'olrflTa u r. n. C re-

,,3yHKara" fII4e BoAa

ot

3vta4annfl. rro rlBeroBere i ca cBbp3aHH r{ Har,rMeHoBa]Jvrgra,xtldro-BlzHo",,,BVHo-paK]1,fl",,r6epeKer", Kor{To ce AaBar na He6ecHara A:bra B pa3nr,rqHrr Kpazrqa. llo.qbrara Morar Aa ce [paBqr v H.f,Kor4 taAaIJVrs 3A XapaKTepa Ha tspeMeTo rrpe3 roAlrHaTa.

Ha nnoAopoAr4ero Abrara rrpr4cr,crBa rr B yKpacara Ha BcrrrrKz o6pe4nu x-nr6one,

Karo cuMson

ra, Toecr MoMr{erara rIIe craHar MoMrlqera u o6paTHo, a c:L,qo r.r qe aKo rrr4e BoAa oT M.rrcToTo, oT Koero e ,,Trr4ra" Abtara. Bapna ce cblrlo, ve axo 6ylKa, KOqTO pax.4a CaMO MOMI{rIeTa, fII{e oT TOBa MqC-

rpurorBqHr 3a

Ea4e;ar4 rrpa3Hurlu

o6pe4ra. Cpe-

ulaMe s H B HapoAHrr rroroBopKx Karo,,Haura Mapa

rlJrar rbKaJra, Ha ueoe.Io ro [pocrpflra" peua ro6urxrla HaA pera nucu" u p1p.

vrlr

,,TlIa-

To, rqe ce c4o6ue c MT,xKa pox6a. AKo qoseK vrr4He

tloA ,,3yHK-gra", To HenpeMeHHo ure o3ApaBee. Ha uHoro Mecra n 6urapcrnTe 3eMr{ e pa3npocTpaHeHa rrpaKTI4KaTa, KOTaTO Ce [OsBrr AiEta Ha ue6ero, MoMr4Te Aa 3a[or{Har Ea ET>pnar KocrzTe cr{ c:bc 3aKJIvHaHVero ,,Kolryry itt grrwty,, TonKy3 A:L *rn fi xycuqt". .{trroto orc:bcrBtre Ha Abta Ha He6ero ce ilpr4eMa Karo rrpeABerqaHrre 3a cyua w ara. 6a per<olra, a ilosr.ara i - o6paruo, npe.q3HaMeHy74
lr^lzs.

CHxl, JreA, cKpex


Hapogm :auBflpBa, qe re3rzr aruocSepnu sBreca noABJIacrHI{ Ha 3I4MHXTe cBerrlfi

.{uvurrp,

Hurora H AraHac LI ce r43cl,r[Bar or rexHr{Te Abnrv 6palu. Bapna ce cbrrlo, Lre cBerrr .{zvrnrrp 14 cBerra
AraHac pa3Hacrr cHera c
v,flT a. Hap ogoxp Ncrrrfl
H

LryBanr,r r4

ro nycKar Ha 3e-

cKrurre rrp eAcraBr,r Ka3Bar, r{e

75

- ToBa ca [apqanx or 6snaTa pa3a Ha locnoA. cbilIecTByBa JreteHAa, cnope.q KosTo cHer6T eAHo BpeMe e 6r4n 6paurHo, Ho x(eHa z:6:spcala 4eTero cu c Hero u locuo4 to rrpeBbpHaJr B cHsr. Crqecrnynar HapoAHra BflpBanws. 14 MatvqecK[
cHeta;T

Koraro cHer6r [aAa ,,qepeH"


,oK:EpBaB" I4 MLIpIlIxe

LUrr4 ,,uepBeH",

Helpl4qrHo, ToBa ce [pueMa Ka-

lpaKTI{K}I,

CB:r,p3aHr4

c nT,pBIAq CH.f,t

L.I

qenqql4 ocl{ry-

p.flBaHe Ha 3ApaBe r4 flnoAopograe. I[osceMecrHo ce

rrpl{eMa, qe nT,pBL{qT CHf,I e JIeKOBI,IT, 3aTOBa Ce TbpKaJItT B HetO, pa3TO[.flBaT fo I4 MUqT nI4IIaTa QrI 3a

3a xopara 3apaur4 cropeHl'ITe or v [peA3HaMeHoBaHI{e 3a Mop rro T.flx rpexoBe. Tona e xopa u ro6nr:sr. Koraro cHert;T Barru eAbp, Hapvrrar fo ,,uIbpKoB" cHqt r4 BgpBar, ile e nocJIe.4HI'IflT rlpe3 roArrHara, npeABecrHI4K Ha rlponerra. To:rl cHsr uoKa3BaJI, qe rIIbpKenI4Te ca rpbrHanv rcv Euraprax.

ro 6oNue HaKa3aHrre

Cger:r,r rrbK, KofiTo

BiLJrI4

Ha EraroseqeHl4e, ce Hapv-

ro rrporr,rB ypoKr4 vr npv uaso6olue. B HsKola cenrlua nbpBl4qr cHsr ce Hapvtq,a ,]!vtraHcKu" Iz cro[aHl4Te cI,I xal]Bar ,,3a 34paBe,, or Hero.
3ApaBe, r43rroJr3Bar

Celgruare e Hoso:aropcKo, Koraro

Bl{A.fiT rr:bpBr{

cHrr,

Ka3Bar: ,,CBerr4 Hr.rrola lprrcrr4rHa c 6elus. cu KoH.,,

B CrpaH4NavMa nereHAa sa 3uefi, rofiro cvxapecan MoMa, Ho 6aqa ir ne 6ran cburaceH Ea W s. ra.4e 3a XeHa H IOMOII{JI CBTIII,IT9 Aa r"ry IIOMO|HaT. Bcu.{xu My orKa3anl4, caMo cBerrr Hvxola orKr.II{KHzur, pa3sbpAr{n ce, par$yra,r ce r4 [ycHar BcHqKr{ cryAoBe, JreAoBe, 6ypuu Br,D(pyrxKr4 u.raKay6ul suer. B napoAHu rrecHr4 ce rree, qe npr4 uogxl6ara Ha cBera

rla ,,KyKyBrr.-Iu'o cHflr. Cy cIaTeH cHqr HapoAtbr Ha" purla ,,fIp:LXbK", 3arloro Bqr:bprjr to Hocv Karo rlpax. Crzren Bqrr,p, xofrro HaB-xBa cHqf, ce Hapr{qa ,,SrpTyHa", a cHqr, npI,IMeceH c AT,){<A, e ,,JIaIraBI4IIaoo. Cserur ce cpeula I{ B HapoAHI,ITe taraHKI{: ,,Et,r.lapmaS npe4 3eMxra floKpvBa.", ,,Efir nec Ha KyKX.fi rexu.", ,,Ee-n norpoB Ha repaM:,i.En.o',,,Or He6ero naAa, Ha 3eMqra crII4, B p:bllere ce rorllz.", ,,Eer fioprau Ha KepeMzgkt.", ,,Kag ce qego pa)K4a, Taila
MATI'I TIJIAqE, A KAA YMI'IPC, TAAA MATI4 IIEBq..O

l4rvn r,r HqKolr paqt{oHanHn o6qcHeHuq, Konro


cencKxqr cTorIaHI,IH AaBa 3a cHela, KaTo ToBa, 'Ie rofi e pe3ynrar or 3aMpb3BaHe Ha BoAHI4 KanKI{ s o6raIII'tTe rrpe3 3l4Mara. flpe6urare negeHr{ Torlr{era, KoI,ITo BaJI.gr, ce Haplrqar ,,cyfpatlrlllla" 14 3a rgx ce Ka3Ba, r{e ce [paBenl4 or yMpenl4Te, noAo6so Ha tpaAylxKara.

nadua Ha clemu froeana, nadua i,ry ce cmydoee, rtedoee..."


,,,Qert ce

llo

cnera ce taAae

r4

3a rrnoAopoAr,rero

[pe3 toAr4-

Hara, Karo [oBceMecrHo ce 3Hae, qe KoJIKoro no-ne6ert


e cHer,r;r, ToJrKoBa no-flno.qopoAHa rrle 6r4e ro4raHara.

llo urpeoro

3aMpr,3BaHe,

rlo rrbpBl4s neA

ce

Orry< e r{ floroBopKara ,,.{e6en cnxr, ge6el KoMar". Msoro BaxHo e or HzrylAeH Ao Arauacon4eH Aa r,rMa
cHflt, KoeTo e 3HaK 3a foJItMo IInoIopoAHe.
76

raAae sa 6:bAeuleTo, 3aToBa ce IoMHI,I TOTIHO g rOfi AeH e cTaHaJIo roBa - [oHe.IIeJIHI4K, BTOpHI,IK 14 T. H. _ I{ TOTIHO B TO3I4 AEH HATIPOJICT CE CJIAIAT KOKOIII77

3a AA Ce I{3JIIO[.ST IIUJIeHIIa ,,KaTO (roreMlr KoJrKoro neA). CrpeNra ce o6.f,cussa reA" KaTO 3aMpb3HaJra poaa unu Mbnra, vrl(r q,e ce noJryMTjT_ST,

KI{Te Aa

A:bJI)I{IITeJIHO BpeMe, Ka3BaT,

qaBa oT BJIaXHaTa 3eM.rI, KOfaTO e CTyAeHO H Ce BAI4ra [apa, KoqTo rroJrer]Ba rro AT,pBeTaTa KaTO CKpeX(.

qe ,,KbOpaBVgT He MOxe Aa ynylu4 AynKaTa Ha upolacTTa, KoqTo cTaperrBT 3anyltrBar c rur6o, c fiapqant{ vttr c Bp:brrHXK". Crapeqrr Moxe .qa nycHe Bsr:bpa r{ aKo Cnerra gyx My HapeAV. Kassa ce orre, lre Koraro Ayxa Bqrl,p, ,,6a6a BHerI{qa" crl e r{3rlycHara rrr6oro !r He Mo)Ke Aa ro HaMepr4,3a Aa 3anylllfi AylKaTa. Clqecrnyea v Btrpa, r{e BerpoBere ce [a3qr B nerqeplz or xa,'II4, sN4efiose vIil4 raur4,Ir orryK Lt cr4nHI{Te BerpoBe r{ecro ca HapzqaHtt ,,aJla". Bxr:splr 4yxa r.r Koraro xaJrr.rre ce cKapar u ce 6usn noMexAy cu. Bxpna ce, qe BT,B BerpoBere r4Ma roAr4, Mrrrr{rrH}r cblrrecrBa, Kor{To ,ulparir xopo" I1 BAVrar MoMI{ I4 HeBecrrr. Tara e HapoAHa rreceH ce pa3Ka3Ba KaK ,,,{yxuattu Aru ca, dyxuattu
CU"'IHU Jr4U 3UJvIHU Bempoee,

Bxrtp
Msoro u pasHoo6pa3v ca HapoAHXTe npeAcraBr,r
3a BrTT,pa, KaTO CpeA Ttr( 3HaqI{TeJrHO MTCTO 3aeMa
xpt4crr{rrHcKl4qr

nracr. flosceMecrHo ce BqpBa, qe B_flarrraoc$epuvrsBroarl,


e AaAeH

Tlp:sr,

KaKTo r{ Apyrr.rre

or AflAo focnoA. Tosa e orpa3eHo r,r B HapoAHa rreceH: ,,Hattu e 6ouca pa6oma, mon,4u sempose dyxuatu, 6yuuu cHeeoee cmonLtrtu..." (Pyceucro)
Brpna ce cbu{o, qe Cneru Ayx ro nparqa Ha xopaTa, 3a Aa n4 HaKaxe 3a rpexoBere r4M. Brruprr e tHeB:br Ha Bora :apa4a roBa, r{e xopara He to rroqlrrzlrrx H He crra3BaJru rrocruTe. locuogap Ha JrerHr,rre BerpoBe e cBerl4 YTstux, a Ha 3trMHnre

cBerr.r

tluxola.

Toaz xprzcrvflHcKvr rrJracr B npeAcraBrTe 3aBs.Tbpa ce [pe[nr4Ta c rrpeAxpr4cTuqHcKr4Te rrpeAcTa-

Karo ra3r{, Lre Bqrbprjr e 3arBopen s Arr6oKa npoflacT B AaJIeqHI4 TOnJrr4 CTpAIJI,'., K:bAeTO fO IIa3.gT cnsrr craperl r4nr{ crsla 6a6a. B Apyr BaHpaHT ce BspBa, Lre BeTpoBeTe ce .q:bpxaT 3aTBopeHI4 B ofpoMHr4 rreuepr4 vrlr4 B KoxeH MflXVr ce [a3sT oT tnyx crapeq utu 6a6a.3arona, Kotaro Ayxa Bqrbp npoBr4
7B

ma ca Cmoiluuurca dyuattu, ma ca n mufl om8eru na llupuu cmapa nnaHuHa, ua nduuo palilHo sbpue, todu nu xopo uzpanm..." Brpna ce v qe c BerpoBerevrBar rr 3MefioBe,3a Aa orBneKar MoMara, Kosro ca zasno6ulu. B sapoAHa fleceH iraafira nr.rra A:burepfl av lparaua saIIIO e TibXHA, A Ts.
14

OTfOBapS:

"

uu deeem eoduuu, KaKmo aa sueituo sattrc1u,


,,Cmaua

sattn6u u uta Jila 3etile... flopde ,[pazaua usdyna,


79

u 3lvtertHo ce 3adade cbc cunHu gempoge, cbc memHu dotrcdoee,


u3HucKo
SUCOKO

KaTO 3a

fOIqMa rrTHIIa, KOgTO

JreTH r4 rrpeCnelBa

flr.fiq-

Kara clr. Koraro xMa MHoro c[ireH B.sr:bp, 6ypr, roraBa Ka3BaT, qe ,qBe [Tr4rlr4 Ce 6.VAT IIOMeX.qy CN. TeSU
rITI{III4 [peCneABaT HeB]IA!IMI'I, HeI-II4CTI4 AyXOBe
BceJrv B Tfl( HeLrrrcrara etrna.
14

usdueua,

3ItyI

3AHeCe..."

caMoAraBr,r r4 xopara rpx6n,a Aa ce Kpr4qr, 3a.qa He ce

IrI

gpyra receH PaAxa na vafixa cr4 AyMa: ,,- Mauo hro, cmapa aailau4e, peKox mu, naK t4e mu peKa: ilceHu, tvaJwo no, ceodneail no-htartKu 6pama u cecmpu,
JweHe rvte He cnotuteHAeAil,

Hxxr4e Bsr:bpr,r

[peA-

cTaBeH KaTO fpaMaAeH, HeBIIAI{M qOBeK C Kpl4na, KO-

roro Hapr{qar

llelrp

N ce

o6ptular

KbM Hero raKa:

,,lleTpe, lle'rpe, He K:bprr4 Bpara, ue 6yau Aerla." B -f,vr6oncro ce cpeqa raHTepecHa rrpeAcraBa 3a Bgrr,pa. Taxr pa:xa3Bar, qe Kofaro oKono MecerryrHaTa I,IMa xapMaH, B Heg ce BI,IXAa eAHa

I,eHe JilA,

tWAJvtO,

SUeil tttO6U

Ko?a ca sueilrco sadade,

6es eamz'p snmbp 3aenea, 6es o6ttarc dttcd 3aeattfrea.

flyxuaxa 6yituu suxpyutKu,


naduaxa meJwHu o6tta4u, pyKHaxa curtHu dttrcdoee, Padrca e o6tta4u nombHa..." B lOxna Eurapna ce cperqa rroBepr{e, qe BerpoBere ce paxAar B HorrITa cpeuy Kone4a, a ce Kpr,rqaBar cpeqy BoAzrIz (Eorornenue). B PoaonuTe BspBaT, qe open c qeTr4pr4 Kprrna [paBr{ BeTpoBeTe r4rvrl'e caMvrflT open e B.fiT:bp.

Koqro kr3lrvsa B.f,TT,prjr. Tofi uoxe ra or MopcKrrre BIJIHI4, Kotrro, Karo ce 6l:r,cr<ar eAHa B Apyfa, TaKa pa3KJrauaT BT,3Iyxa. B napo4ua nprlKa3Ka ce pa3Ka3Ba KaK cJrbHrleTo u B.srbpsr clop.sr roft or ABaMara e [o-c[neH. Bxrrprr .uyxHan cr.rJrHo, Ho He ycrs., Aa cl6neqe IIBTHI/IK, a KOfaTO CnT,HUeTO OtpqJIo, rOfi SeAUara Ce c:r,6rsxln. B 4pyra HaporHa rrpuKa3Ka ce pa3Ka3Ba KaK Cllopenra cJIbHueTo, Mpa3I,I II BSTT,pTiI 3a TOBa, KoMy ce e rroKJroHr{Jr eAr4H cenqHran. CelsnprHbr ce TIoKJIoHI4JI Ha Bsr:bpa xaro nafi-Motr,Iq, 3alrloro
.

AylKa, OT e pe3ynrar r{

Mpa3BT e OfraceH, aKo He Ayxa BsT:bp, rr cJrbHrleTo He

IlAnI4I{a CIIIJIHO, aKO AlXa BqTbp.

To:n uxrr,p ce Hapr4qa ,,Kpr,c-

TaL[", a B rofo3arla.qHl4Te 3eMI{

,,xpr4crr4flHcKo TITI,I-

ue'., Karo ce BqpBa cbxlo, qe qpe3 uero Eor flparrlaJr Ha

xopara Berp oBere. Crrqecroyna


BO

rrp eAcraB a 3a

Bfllbp a

Tevrara 3a Bsrr,pa ce cpeua H BbB Sonrnopa Ha-HapoAa Hu, cbrrlo 14 B raTaHKrr: ,,Caorc csupu no Jttozunu, ltucm zo qysa u uzpati."
81

VJIIA

,,Caorc c+upu Ha Jwozurty, ay6pa uyile, ma uepae.",


,,Ryarca

ce cloMeHaBa c lroeTI{rIHr{Te AyMH ,,Trrx 6-glt nxrtp'.. Iul3roqsNtr B.f,TT,p v4Ban clopeA npeAaHuero or Llepuo Mope 14 3aropoAHL{Te rrecH}{ To3r4 BsT:L,p
Ba

rae no Bttadan,

lo

Hapl4r{ar ,,qepHtlfl, BflT},p",,,MopqKa", ,,KOL[a-

uy6pa qye, ma ttepae.", ,,Ca.'w locnod c Kaeatt s ?opu cettpLt.", ,,Crtyutane eo, e He uotrcene da eo euduue?", ,,Ko me 6uile, a ue euduut za7 " B uapogHure KJrerBI{ tIbK ce KbJrHe raxa: ,,BeTbp rrl y ulaBy.", ,,Bet.por re 3aBear.", ,,Betpllula 4a Te 3aBeflT, Ta.qa ce He BbpHeIx!", ,,Eta re Berep cHrIHe!". MovttK KbJIHe Bgrbpa, qe to e cr1ylun or cbH: ,,Berpe, Mope Berpe,lp.a 6u Mr/r HrrKaK ne4yxual!" u ,,Berpy JIe, He HaBeqr ce!" fipyra4e MoMa KbrHe B.sTbpa, qe r e c's6ygl,z', Koraro cbnyBana yMpfinara cu vrafira: ,,Berpy Jre, Aa Hn 3aBer{[r, Abx,qy Jre, Aa Hepr AyBanr,rlr, Aero Be or cbH cs6yrul" Cencxlrqr crolraHlrH pa3nwq.aaa HqKorKo Br.,rAa BeTpoBe, ycTaHoBXn e Tfl(HOTO, tIOJrOXr,rTeJrHO r.{Jrr4 orpr,ruarenno nt:geficrBr{e Bbpxy xaparTepa Ha BpeMero vKlrvtMara ra:o6u1o, KaKTo r4 Bbpxy peKonrara. B 3aBr4crrMocr or rrocoKara, or Koqro lyxar
BeTpoBeTe, Te ca qeTI,Ipn: ceBepeH, Hapr4qaH ,,ceBep-

Ba", rrKHilraBatt, ,rKpl4Beqt', r,M:bulap", JllroTo rofr AoKapBan cryA r4 AT,xA, a 3r4Me - cH-fir. 3ar,ailuus Bqrbp Hapllqar ,,ropHgK", a or rlocoKara, or KoflTo nyxa - ,,co$u.aueq". Tofr pa3KapBa o6rauure n M:brrvre 14 3apa4r ToBa ro HapIiLIar oirle v ,,flcHeq", a B
HapoAHr4Te npr4Ka3Krl

ro cpenlaMe

KaTo ,,fopflHl4H":

Jvtu, sempe, sempe fopauuue, paseeeru KoHn zpusa, da

,,Ilodyxail

KoHrc epuea, Jvto.MKy nep4ltH." H.flxr,Ae ce cpeular

v [pyr:rr

Har4MeHoBalaus. Ha

BeTpoBeTe, KaTo ceBepHvrflT e HapI4rIaH oule ,,cTyAe-

lr.flK" 14,,[ope3", ,,qepeH BflTT,p". Cnopeg [ocoKara rIT,K BfiTbpa, rofiro Ayxa orK:r,M PyIlruHrar, Hapuqar

,,poM:bHerl", 6a.

a ilo pexa flynaB Ayxa ,,[ogyHaBeq",


no BpeMe Ha B:bprxr{T-

Tr{x BeTpeu, MHofo rrone3eH

Or

nal

ceBepor{3Tox Ayxa ,,Ko3I4I1a", a or ceBepo3a- ,,fipeilrH[K", xofr-ro e MHoro cryAeH Brrrr,p. Brpna ce oilIe, r{e BerpoBere ca ,,AOJIHI,I", Kou-

H.f,K", ,,AlH&BeI{", ,r4orH.fiK", roxeH, HapwLaH ,,rof"br", ,,6err4fl'r'o,,,6rall4flT'o, xofiro g roIrbJI vI Jlfl'fHo BpeMe AoKapBa o6raqr vr E'r,)Kr,, a 3fiMe pa3TorrsBa neAa v cHera. Hapuuar ro ott1e ,,6eroMopcKr.{'0, ,,6n1 r'xrcpoo, T'bi4 Karo HABaJI or Eqro Mope. B saB2

To Iyxanu no4 3eMqra, 14 ,,fopHv", rrrv oue ,,6ecHr4", KoLITo caHaL o6rau,ure. Hafi-onaceH npr4eMar, .{e e ,,6ecHnnr" Bnrbp, rofiro Ayxa Hafi-Bl{coKo B He6ero. Cavro qyqynr4rara Moxe Aa ro HacrrrrHe, Ho rI&Aa BeAHafa r{ aKo x(HBorHo g. ttgfl.Ee, To IrIe no6ecgee. 3a ceBepH[q B.srr,p HapoAT;T Ka3Ba: ,,C[B KoH p63Ha, Bce Mope cvrpl3ua."
B3

B napo4ua rrpr4Ka3Ka ce pa3Ka3Ba xarc focnoA ilura crapvtl{a, Kosro orr4Ba Ha Bo.qeHI4IIara, xofi utTT,p e ilO-JIOtu - ,,AOJIHfiKEI" VILI ,,fOpHflKT,T". HapoAHo IrpeIaHVe Ka3Ba, qe uafi-loinvfl-f e ,,qepHr{lrT" B-f,TT,p, 3auloro ,,flqfr;t xopa". Cnope4 Apyro lpeAaHr4e qerr.rpr4Te Bqr:bpa 6utm 6patr (Hrnt4e ToBa ca 9epuum, BeluRr, Cuuust n t{epneuurr) u Crapa [JraHrrHa. Te ce oxeHvnvr 3a A-r>rlepvre Ha eAr,rH 6elen rroBeK. Xenara na r{epHur Bqrr,p ycrrsra Ia ro HaABr4e c xr4Tpocr, raro pat6para, LIe KotaTo ctrr4, c:bpl]eTo My ce [peBpbIIIa B xfiqe, xoeto ce HaMupano B opnoBo tHe3Ao Ha BT,pxa Ha rrJraHr{Hara. Xtenara B3eJra rosa nfiqe r{ cJrr,Hqero r43tpflno, a tfiqero ce rryKHalo e pr,qere ir. Cnope4 e.qHa neteHAa BeAHbx( ceBepHr,ur BqTT,p rroKaHr{n ApytilTe BeTpoBe Ha focTrr B cHe}KHr{q cr,r ABopeq. IOxHrasr B.rrrr,p He AorrrbJr, 3a Aa He pa3Toilr{ ABpeqa rvry, rsfi Karo ce cr{r4TaJI 3a rro-cr{JreH rI or cnr,Huero. Torasa rpytr4Te BerpoBe to yroBopr{lu u roitt cKJroHtrJI I4 IoItrr,JI, Ho He ce cAT,pxan r4 AyxHan ro[Jro. Ceaepuraxr ce pa3tHeBwt, c6ut ce c Hefo r.I to ocJlelr4Jr B eAHoTo oKo t4 oTToraBa roxHl{gr Bqrbp cg Hapfiqa ou1e u ,,T:bMHI4r{ap", Toecr ,,crfln".l{so6u1o reMara 3a Bpax.qara MexAy BerpoBeTe ce cpeua MHoro r{ecro B HapoAHr,rTe rrpfiKa3Kr4 - Te ce o6sararar, Karo eAr4Hr,trr 3aMpa3qBa
xnBeeJrr4 ua
r.r

Ha ceBepHr4s. Bfltr>p e 3narap, uocpe6pnna


Ho roxHr4rrr B.sr:bp crorrqBa cpe6poro B lla:apaxzrlrKo
ce pa3Ka3Ba, LIe

BcI,{LIKo,

u orKa3Ba ra
14

.qaAe AT,xrepfl av. BpaNAara ce srso6HoBqBa

T.

H.

BerpoBere

6utu

6patn, Ho BpaxAara [oMexAy rIM 3arroilHalla, orKaKTo Cnexnara qapKr4Hs I4M Ka3aJIa, qe rI1e B3eMe oHs or Tfl(, KofiTo no6eAn ocraHaJII{Te e 6ofi. B KrocresAurcKO

rrpeAaHr.{ero pa3Ka3Ba KaK roxHfl-flT B.gTbp pa3Tontr-

Ba K:bqaTa Ha ceBepHl{fl, a ceBep}lvIsT 3aMpa3sBa rlpo-

3oprli{Te Ha roxHlrs. B Bypracxo ce pa3Ka3Ba KaK ce-

ylorqeHue, Ho rox(Hl4sr Bsr:bp pa3Tonvn npu6oprme z usAr{Hrrre, Kor4To ca or cr:L'KJIo u cpe6po (cnar u le4). B sasr4cuN{ocr or roBa, KaKBo BpeMe I4ABa c rtrx,
BepHHrT B.sT:bp tIoKaHBa ocTaHaJII4Te BeTpOBe Ha

cencK[qT cToIIaHI4H Haplaala BeTpOBeTe ,oglo)KqApla" LI ,,cHefapl4". flo cnoqra cLIJIa II:I,K Te ca ,,fIoJrI{6HI4K" Bsrbp, xofiro Ayxa cyrpl4H paHo I,I Beqep rccHo. Tofi

e Tr.rx pa3xjraAr4TeneH

cnope4 HapoAHoro rrperaHrre rofi e no6paruu Ha caMoBl{Itr4'te v qecro


BqT:bp. ce B:L,3rsBa B HapoAHI{Te rIecHLI
C

I4MerO ,,fIoJIIO6e"

,,Befi, nomo6e, seif' I,I T. H. Culen Bqr:bp Haplzqar ,,6peyH", ,,6pyreu" Bgrr,p, rofi 6pynu Jrvcrara Ha
AT,pBeTaTa, [oMI4Ta BCI4r{KO IIO IIT,IS CI,jj}IOCT4 IOJICMI4

orrycrorxeHrzr. B uapogHa rleceH 3a Heto ce ree: ,,A useadu mbHKo "MapaJila,

3aIeI_sBa Bcr{r{Ko, a ApyrHsT

fo

pa3Mpa3qBa.

peuaBar Aa ce [oMr4pqr, Karo oxeHrrr Aerlara cu. Cwrt'tt


rrpr4Ka3Ka BerpoBere
B4
ii

B gpyra HapoAHa

qe npelecu 6etto "tut1e, da ue me 6pyu 6pyeu B.flmbp, da ue no?po3u 6eto ttu4e. " (Pyce) Or cronancKa rneAHa ror{Ka Bqrbprir e oco6euo
B5

Heo6xogr4M rro BpeMe Ha BT,prxt4T6a, Ha Ha

3arora e pafioCrpaugxa ce npaBr4 nyp6au 3a Bqrbpa.IIp"a" nrpurur6a B cpeAara Ha xapMaHa Korsr rrprJre rrJrr4
flereJr, qe Aa r43Teqe raM Kp:bBTa Nru. Ha Apytr4 MecTa, Karo Harrpr4Mep B KrocreHAr4lrcKo, 3a Aa ce npel-

Ts ce :napvrua u c MHoro

Apyrr4 raMeHa Karo ,,Br4pyurKa",,,BT,py[rKa", rrBerpy[rKa"r rrBfixpoloH", ,rIroAfIJIaIlI4-KoHge", ,,Toga", ,r3ra lop.a", B Korrro,
KaKTo ce Br4xAa, ca orpa3eHr4 rrpeAcraBrare sa Heft-

IIa3tT OT BpeAOHOCHaTa cvIIa Ha BqTT,pa, [Or{I{TaT rrpa3HyBar AeH.fl Ha BeJruKoMbtrennx flpoxonnfi.

I4

Buxpyuma
Tosa arrvroc$epuo flBJreHr{e Bc:brrrHocr e BHe3arrHO.[BI4JI Ce CI{JIeH B.flTT'p C B'LpTenkIBO ABI4XeHI,(e OKO-

Hara cbr{Hocr H rrpora3xoA. Maxap l,r [o-pqAKo, Ho y Hac ce cpeula [pe.qcTaBaTa, qe BzxpyrxKaTa ce npaqa or locno4 rrrrv or cnr,Hrlero. VI raxa HapoAHr{Te npeAcraBr,r 3a Br,rxpyrrrKara Morar Aa ce o6oco6qr B TpH ocHoBHr4 rpyfln, a
I,IMeHHO, r{e BHXpyUKaTa e IOAa, CaMOBt4JIa, KOqTO BHXpeHr,r.s
C

no eAHa oc. To:rz Bsrbp BAHra


TpeBr.r, flpeAMerr,r, npax.

ue6ero rrrtcra, KJroHr.{, CercKr{qr cronaHr4H B pe3ynB

clr TaHrI yBpexAa xopa v xr,{BoTHr4; qe BrrxpyrrrKara e svefi, 3Mer{qa, Kor4To r,rABar B ceJroTo, 3a 4a rpa6Har MoMa r,rn[ epreH, B Kor{To ca
BJrro6eHr4,
14

r^aKpas, qe roBa ca Ayrxr,rre Ha yMpenfi

Tar Ha MHororo.qr4rrrnr{Te
3ZUr,

cra na6mo4envrs. e za6ets,qe Br.D(pytrJKa ce IIo.trBsBa rrpe3 BcflKo BpeMe [pe3

ro.qxHaTa, IIpe3 IIponeTTa rI JLITOTO, IIO BpeMe Ha


Ba

Xbr-

x Bbprrrr,rr6a,rtpu cu.[Ha xera, [pt4 cyrfia, npeAVMHo npe3 AeHs, rro o6eAso BpeMe. llax s pe3ynrar Ha HerrocpeAcrBeHr,rre cu sa6lrcAeHr.r.fl xopara AaBar 14
parrvoHanHu o6scsegus 3a roBa rrpupoAHo sBJreHrre, a
r{MeHHO, qe [oBqTa My e cBT,p3aHa c't

c cryAeHa Bbn-

Ha, [pI,{MecBaHeTo Ha cTyAeH

14

TOrrbJr Bb3Ayx, Lre To-

Ba e e,4Ho BrrxpoBo ABr{xeHr4e Ha Bb3A)DG. H ap

xopa, Kot4To raABaT Ia Bn[.flT poAHr,rHr,{Te cr4. OrrxAecreqBaHero Ha Br,D(pyuKara c roAH ce cpeqa B MHoro HapoAHr,r lecHlr. Taxa s rreceH ce nee KaK roAa rrr4pr,rHcra ruo6ra oBrrap: ,,...ma zo Mor4uqa ua1nutrcu, ma cu zo nda fiopneute, m0 cu eo nda duzaute 6 cuHu eucoKu ue6eca u cu zo ommaM cnycKaure..." A npegcraBa 3a Br4xpyrrrKara Karo caMoAvrBa e
oTpa3eHa B Apyfa HapoAHa fieceH:

oguzre

rrp eAcraBr4

14 B

frpuanr4fr, 3a

rD(pyu KaTO

KaTa, KOHTO Ca MHOTO CTapu, B [peAcTaBflT


cBp:bxecTecrBeHa, AeMoHHqHa,

,,IIa ca duenanu

Jvtbettu, npaxose,

3rA

CI.,.JIA

r,I Ce

[epH.

coNu$r,rqr,rpa Karo 3bn Ayx, AqBoJI, caMoBr{Jra, caMo-

I]{Ba, TaJraCbM, KapaKOHIXOJI, [OAa, Sr\aefioee H T.


86

na ca omLtrurtu dyp dony, dotty e rubpoKo none..." A r 4pyra rreceH Br,rxpyrxKr,r 6enqsear MoMa,
87

3a

.44

.rr B3eMaT CaMOAr4Brr, T. e. Br,rxpyrrrKaTa e cpeAcT_ BO, qpe3 KoeTo caMoAABI4Te [ocTrrtaT IIenI,{Te Cr{. B
14

HapoAHI4Te IIeCHIA CaMo.qr.{BI4Te BAI4taT

M:bxe,

KO_

vTo ca nM HyxHIr, 3A EA BeHqaBaT HeBecTHTe I4 Ia KpbrrraBar Aeqara. 3a rona, qe 3Me.flT e [oKpoBVTeJr


Ha MeTeopoJIOtXTIHOTO gBneHI4e BI4XpyIIIKa, CT>IiytM vl

KHaxa curHu dtucdole... " IOrr.rre rr 3Meqr npaular Br4xpyrrrKa, 3a Aa HaKaxar xopara, LIe He ca cna3BaJII4 orrpeAeneHw sa6paHV 3a pa6ora B r{pa3HHK. Taxa s HaporHara rreceH ,,IO4a nory6ea Mapro" Ts, e s.Eocaua, qe rofi e napy

or HapoAHr,rre [ecHra. B necenra ,,3uefi n4Nra Kepa or xoporo na BenurAeH,, ce ree:


,,3adano ca, Kepo, tvrbznu u npaxoee,
cSuJtQ ce gumpyurca,

pyuxn za6palau; ,,,[e zo sauy rcda,


rcda cauoeutta, 2 OpA CKb praLt, ctt oivtLt... " B Hapo4uara rreceH ,,Braxpyruxa orHacs Aron6ena Pa.qa" Paga e HaKa3aHa, 3alqoro ,,8 HeAer'Iq [JIarHo e 6erura". A s neceHra,,!o6puxa 3atvlnaJl

Repa e du?Hano...,, B 4pyra rreceH ce pa3Ka3Ba: ,,3ttama xopo eodu, xopo nadonu4a. Ceuro ca i euxpyutrca, suert ittama sartrc6u, sattrc6u, 3aucKa." B necen or XaprraaHnraficro ce [ee: ,,Xailde, xaitde, 3namo, qe cnbH4emo sailde! Taaau mo6a xopmyna, omde ca ca ceurttt sempose-eempyutttu, ma dueuattu 3ttama..." Zso6qo [oBceMecrHo B HapoAHr,ITe rrecHr{ c reMa
srrefi, xofrro mo6u MoMa

or Berpyura"

MoMT,KBT e HaKa3aH,

3allloro

e pa6o-

Tprr Ha Belrax4eu u Ha leprtoBAeH. Tara e HaKa3aH r{ MoM:bK Poceu:

fpo uuatto, mpncHa"ro, cSuna ce BempyruKa, Pocena eduznatta e mboeHume o6na4u..."


,,

B uapogHa rreceH or -f,na6olcKo rrbx ce pa3Ka3Ba 3a roBa, KaK IOHaK Crogn ce 6ue gbc caMoArrBa,
KOSTO HflMa [OBer{e QvIJta

u B!IKa Ha IIOMOIII ,,BI4XpO-

Be, cecrpr4 uuxpyulxu":

vwBaAa,

orKpaAHe,

rofi

ce

sBflBA KaTO CpureH BrTbp, Br,xpyrrrKa, T:bMeH AbXL

tpbM

rara,

T. H. tt TaKa B.qr,rta MOMaTa; 3MesT 4ga or o6_ ue6eto rIorr,MHrIBa, 3arbpMqBa, 3a,rpeqrBa:
14

,,fyxuaxa 6yuuu suxpyutKu,


naduaxa metvrHu o6na4u,
BB

,,Buxpoee, cecmpu suxpyutKu, duecrca u4e Jvru Cmoau nadeue. /lerca da cme, myK dondeme! BuxpyutKu ce cnycHaJru, guxpytuKu ce c8u1u, ma cu Cmonrua xeaHaltu
89

u eo sucoKo duzuartu,
e Ue6eca..." trlluero Ha BI,IXpynKara ,,BrrxpofoH" ce crroMeHaBa cT,rqo B HapoAHa rreceH, KbAeTo roHarlr4 c KOHere cH ce na.q6srgar c Br,rxpaTe: ,,Toit cu uaa do6pa rdoHn, do6pa rcoHn euxpazoHn, Buxpa?oHn, gempozoHn, u,lo cu 6uxpu uaduepaea..." Buxpyurxara Hapnr{ar olqe 14 ,,cilpr4fl'., ,,crrrga" v ce BgpBa, LIe Tq caIIIO e CeCTpa Ha caMoBrrrJlilTe 11 IIO T{XHa 3aIIOB9I BII,IIaT IzI OTHaCflT IIO tIJraHI4HI4 MoMr4 tr MoMIIr4, KoI4To trcKar.qa B3eMar. B.apnanrarTa, qe BI,{xpyIrrKaTa ce [paBI,( oT oaMOALIBI4, CaMOBrrJrLt ,t roan, upeo6la4aBar B 3arraAHnre 6rnrapcru Kpar4rrla, AoKaTo BqpBaHeTo, qe ToBa e AyrxaTa Ha
BUCOKO SUtAOJvt

Kpuleme cU zOpA IOJvtU, c Hoseme cu zopa Kbpmu.


C

ferca uuue, ece no6exHe, derca cmtnLt, Bce uscbxHe." (Co$uficro) Koraro Br,rxpyrrrKara orHece Kbpnara Ha MoMa, ToBa e 3HaK, qe sN4efi s mo6u. B llreseHcKo rrpr4eMar, qe Bra(pyrrrKara e Ayrxara na norofisur, ua rofiTO He e npaBeHa 3aAyrxHl4rla, r{ aKo Bt4xpyrrrKaTa 3ac-

yMp{n LIOBOK, e IIO-TI{IIIUMHO 3a ITI3TOIIHI,ITO Kpal{ilIa. Kaparon4Nolvt v ruuracbMr{ cbrr1o o6pa:ynar Br,rxpyrrrKa. Ts ce npeAcraBs r{ Karo xaJra, B Ko.flTo e BbrrJrETeH cr{JreH Bsrbp, rofiro nocu 6ypu u oflycrorrreHr{s. Tara s HapoAHa rreceH ce pa3Ka3Ba: ,,Llsttesnaxa do mpu JrromLt xalru, deeem eoduu u4o He ca dyxartu." (Cavroxoncro) Hapo4rr Hr/t Bf,pBa, q.e xarara BflTbp e caMara xarra, JraMs., Koqro ce [osBqBa c 6yueHe, $yvene, cuneH BqTbp:

cvrspr. llpuAo6usafir[ Kbprlara Ha MoMara, caMoArrBr{Te [onyqaBar BJracr v lr^a4 caMara MoMa. Tosa e Bb3ngro B MHoro 6ataru, Karo Harrp[Mep ra.3r,{ or CraporaropcKo ,,Bzxpynrra orHacq Kbpnara ua To4opra": ,,Ceu euxpyruKe ?oJt.rr!ila, Tod opo, Jvtotvta xy6aea, cped ceno Ha xopuulemo. Hurcouy 3onyJvt He cmopu, Todopa il sottytu cmoputo, ue il rcopnama omHece ua cauodulcKomo rcnadeuqe. " To4opa Ka3Ba na 6par cv Ea fi aaBeAe Ha roBa Kla.qeHr{e Ea cH orrepe KbpIIaTa u TaKa caMoAr,rBr.rTe ga r-za6paenr. B napo4Hr,r rrprlKa3Kr,{ ce pa3Ka3Ba KaK
Tr4rHe qoBeK, ToBa e 3HaK 3a cKoporrrHa

BrD(pyruKI4 BAr4raT B:bB Bb3AyXa MarapeTa, KaMrrJrr,r,

,,3aeqarta, safiyvana, c dyruama cLt nopou Hocu,


90

ce, Lre aKo cbHyBarx Br,rxpyrxKa, ToBa e 3HaK 3a rrpeAcroflxlr,r roJreMr.r rpraxr4. CrulecTByBa HapoAHa nereHAa or CraposaropcKo, cnopeA Koqro cJrbHrleTo ce pa3cbpALrJro, qe He My Aanr4 Morvra lposlar-rKa, r,r fiparuJro BrD(pymKa ua fr3ar,vev ra
KoHe rr

r. H. Bxpna

9I

My q AoHece B cJrT,HqeBr/tTe rzuraTv. A c[opeA Apyfa nereHAa xy6ana MoMa 6prla orHeceHa or Br,rxpyrxKa,

3alloro

poAurenr4Te ir se npaBenr4 ryp6au sa He_fl. B HapoAHa KJrerBa ce K:bJrHe raKa: ,,BerpyrxKa Aa re 3aBee!", ,,Berpyurxa 4a

ro

3aHece!"

Erz6leficxoro HacneAcrBo B HapoAHara rraMer rrpeAcraBs Bt4xpyrxKara Karo rrpareHa or locnog, a cbulo, r{e B Her ca ce Bcellrur4 AqBOITjT I4nLr 3bn.qyx. Taxa locnoA HaKa3BaJr xopara 3a cropeHr,rre or rrx rpexoBe. Taxa e HapoAHa flecen or gapnaHcKo MoMa e lperpe[rr4Jra, 3aAero e samo6rara rypqr,rH: ,,Mumpa uatirca cu npodyna: - Mauo nbo, Jvtuna uailuuop, aKo cQ.L/t mypltuH ttrc1nna, da ttemuam curtHu dzrtrcdoee u cped doacdoeeme epadyutrcu, u ctted epadyutrcu suxpyutKu, A4eHe 6 ue6eca da dueuam..." A srs Bapuencro ce BqpBa, qe 3Jrr{Te AyxoBe,
KOTTTO

OrrxrecrssBaHero Ha Br4xpyrxKara c roAI,I ce cpeua B MHoro HapoAHrr [ecur4. Taxa e treceH ce rree KaK roAa rrllpl4Hcra lro6u oBqap: ,,...ma da eo Jrrotilurya ua6ttulrcu, ma cu eo nda fiopneute, ma cu zo rcda duzaute

cuHu eucoKu ue6eca


cnycKarue'.oo 3a BI4xpyIrIKara Karo caMoAVBa e npaxoBe,

u cu 2o ommatur A npe4craBa

orpa3eHa B Apyfa HapoAHa fleceH:

,,IIa ca duznartu r4bertlr,


na ca omurattu dyp dony,

doty e rubpoKo nore...'o


A n 4pyra fleceH
Br4xpyrxKl4

6erqssar MoMa,

3a

Ia q B3eMar caMoAI4BrI,
B Hapo4ulare rIecHI4

TOeCT BI,D(pylrrKaTa e cpeA-

CTBO, I{PE3 KOCTO CAMOAI{B'ITC I]OCTI4fAT IICNI4TC Cil.

caMoAHBIlITe BAr.Irar

L,I

M:bxe,

KOr{TO Ca HM HyXHI4, 3a Aa BeHqaBaT HeBecTr

re v

[a
I'I

Kpr,ulaBar Aeuara. 3a rona, ile 3Mesr e [oKpoBVTeJI


Ha MeTe
Op OJI Of I4r{HOTO fl BJI

Ca B:bB Br4xpyruKaTa, ca 3aKJrrolreHrr B nerqepr4

eHlle BI4XpyIIJKa, CT,AIIM

rr rexeH tocrroAap e cBerlr


14

hus,

Hnr4 AsAo

locnoA.

raxz HapoAHr4Te flpeAcraBrl 3a BrD(pyrxKara Motar Aa ce o6oco6sr B Tpt4 ocHoBHr{ tpyrrlz, a


I{MeHHO, qe BI4XpytUKaTa e lo.4a, caMoBI4IA, KOSTO
Br,{xpeHr4.fl cr,r TaHrI
C

or HapoAHI,ITe [ecHI4. B necenra ,,3vrefi n4Nra Kepa or xoporo na BeluIcAeH" ce nee: ,,3adarto ca, Repo, r4bettu u npaxole,
c6una ce BumpywKa, Repa e duzHarto.'o B gpyra flecen ce Ka3Ba: ,,3tama xopo eodu, xopo nadotu4a. Ceurto ca il euxpyutrca, 3aeil 3aama sann6u,
93

yBpexqa xopa 14 xaBoTHr4; Br4xpylxKara e 3Mefi, 3Mer4rla, Kor4To rlABar B ceJroeJrlo6euu,

r-re

To, 3a 4a rpa6Har MoMa r,{rra epteH, B Kor4To ca

"

HaKpas, qe roBa ca Ayrur,rre Ha yMpenu

xopa, Kor4To r4ABaT Aa Br4AflT pOAHHHHTe Cr4.


92

3attn6u, saucKa." B necen or Xapuanlvficro ce pa3Ka3Ba: ,,Xaude, xailde, 3ttamo, qe crbHLlemo sailde! Tanau mosa xopmyea, Omde ca co cettttu sempose-nempyuntu, Ta duznatu 3ttame..." Izl:o6nro rroBceMecrHo B HapoAHr{Te rrecHr{ c TeMa 3a 3*1efi, rofiro mo6u MoMa ptnABa Aa s orKpaAHe, rofi ce r'Bflr,a Karo cr{JIeH B.arr,p, BaxpylrrKa, T:bMeH Ar)KA, rpbM I,I r. s. 14 TaKa Brr,Ita MoMara; 3Mesr I,IABa or o6lara, ue6ero rrorbMHqBa, 3arbpMqBa, 3aTpellqBa:

,,fpznnato,

mpncHana,

cSuJza ce eempyuKa,

Poceua eduzuaaa B muoeuume o6aa4u." B Hapogua fieceH or -f,u6olcKo rr:bK ce pa3Ka3Ba 3a roBa, KaK roHaK Croxn, rofiro ce 6we cbc caMOAI4Ba, KO'TO H.f,Ma rIOBer{e cI4JIa V BI4Ka Ha IIOMOIII

,,BKXpOBe, CeCTpI4 nUXpyIUrU"

,,,Qyxuaxa 6yiluu suxpyruKu, naduaxa meJflHu o6na4u, pyKHaxa curtHLt dotcdoee..." IOArare r4 3Mesr rrpailIar Brrxpyrxxa, 3a Ea :rraKaxar xopara, r-re He crra3BaJrrz orrpeAeneHu za6par:vr 3a paiora B npa3Hr4K. Tara B HapoAHa rreceH ,,IO4a nory6na MapKo", 3aqoro e flAocana, qe rofi e Hapyrxxn sa6pauu: ,,,[e zo saay nda, rcda caaoeurta,
?

,,Buxpoee, cecmpu suxpyluKu, duecrca u4e Jvru Cmoau aadeue; 'derca de cme, myK dondeme! Buxpyurcu ce cnycHanu, Buxpyurcu ce crurtu, Ta cu Cmanua xeaHaru H zo eucorco duzuattu, Bucorco ruutorvt I He6ece..." I4uero Ha Bl{xpymKara ,,Bv:xporoH" ce crroMeHaBa gbrrlo B HapoAHa freceH, KbAeTQ toHarlr4 c KoHere cn ce HaA6srear c Bplxplrre: ,,Tori cu uua do6pa KoHn, do6pa KoHn suxpaeoH-fl,
SUXpAzOHn, 8empOeOHA,

OpA CldbpruU, CttolvrLt..."

B Hapogna ileceH ,,Bnxpylrxa orHacr Arol6eHa Paga",3auloro ,,8 HeAeJI.fl rIJIarHo e 6erura". A s

u,lo cu suxpu uaduzpaea..." Buxpymxara laaprr.9rar olrle ll ,,cilpt4fl", ,,crt4ga" H Ce B.[pBa, ire Tfi qblrlo e cecTpa Ha caMoBprltgTe v IIo TqxHa 3arroBeA BAr,rtaT r,r oTHacqT {Io trJIaHr,rHH
MoMr4 tr MoMrIr4, Kor,rro r4cKar Aa B3eMar- BxpeanurTa, r{e BI,D(pyIIIKaTa Ce npaB{ LI OT CaMOAIIBI,I, CaMO-

,,[o6pura 3anlHan or Berpynra" MoMbKbr e HaKa3aH, 3aqoro e pa6orul na BemarAeu N na leprreceH rboBAeH. Tara e HaKa3aH
14

MoMbK Poceu:

Bu:l'u

u ro4N, npeo6raAaBa.B 3arra.qHrire 6urapcxu


95

94

Kpar4ula, AoKaTo BflpBaHeTo; qe ToBa

e AyrrraTa Ha

yMpsn qoBeK, e [o-Tr4rrvqHo 3a I,r3Tor{HI4Te Kpar{xla.


Br{xpyrrrKa.

KaparoH4xonv v ranacr,Mpr cr,rrlo o6pa:yoar Ts ce rtpeAcraB-fi 14 Karo xaJra, B Koqro e B'brrJrrjreH cHJreH Brlbp, xofiro uocn 6ypu H onycrorxeHz.fl. Tara n HapoIHa neceH ce pa3xa3Ba: ,,1'Isrte3Haxa do mpu nrcmu xa,qu, deeem eoduuu u,1o ne ca dyxattLt."
'

Hapolrr
xaJra, JraMs,
NCH BqT:L'P:

(Canorcoecrco) r{e xanara Btrr,p e caMara Hr4 BflpBa,

Cped cetto Ha xopuu4emo. Hurco.uy 3onyJvt He cmopu, Todopa il sortyt't cmopurto, Ve u rctpnama omHece Ha cauodugcKomo Kttad eHqe." Toaopa Ka3Ba ria 6par cvr [a q 3aBeAe Ha roBa KJra.qeHr.re, Ea cv o[epe K:bprraTa vr TaKa caMoAr{Br.rTe Aa q ea6pan.ar. B napo4nu [pr,rKa3Kr4 ce pa3Ka3Ba KaK Br,rxpyuKr,r BAr,rraT BbB Bb3Ayxa MarapeTa, KaMrrJII,r, KoHe H r. u. Bapna ce, qe aKo cbHyBalrr Br,rxpyrrrKa, ToBa e 3HaK 3a rrpeAcToflulr4 roJreMH

Korro ce ilorBsBa c 6yueHe. SyveHe, cu-

fpr{xu.

Crqecrnyna HapoAHa JrereHAa or Craposaropcxo,


crropeA KosTo cnbHrleTo ce pa3cbp,urrJro, qe He My
AaJrr,r MoMa

,,3aeqaJra, saSyqsnl,

c dytuama cu nopou Hocu, c Kpuneme CU zopa nOJvILt, c Ho3eme cu ZOpA K?rpmu.

ferca MuHe, ece noaexHe, flerca cmz'nu, Gce Lt3cbxHe." (Co$uficxo) Koraro Br.{xpyrrrKara orHece K:bp[ara Ha MoMa, TOBa e 3HaK, qe glnrefi q 1rc6N. B llreeeHcKo npHeMar, lle Br{xpyrrrKara'e Iyifiara na uoroirnuK, Ha KorrTo He e np3BeHa 3aAyurHHrla, r4 aKo BfixppyuKa 3acTr4rHe qoBeK, ToBa.e 3HaK 3a cKopoilHa cl.rspr. Ilpra-

Ao6l.rsaftxu' Kbpflara Ha MoMara, caMoArrBHTe rronyqaBar Bnacr H HaA caMara Hen. Toea e Bb3nflTo B

MHoFo 6ana1t4,. Karo Harrpr.rMep,Ta3r,r

or

Ci-apo:a'

-::]:]'.Tod.offci,'r*ot*a.xy6,aea.,l.::.';];l:.i
96

ropcKb ;,Braxpym(a orHac;r K'bpilara sa ToAopKaq':' ir'. ,;Ceu,Auxpywircci zotnua;' . ,, '' ! ''

Ea s. cnopeA Apyra nereHAa xy6aea MoMa 6rara orneceHa or Br4xpyrxKa, 3arrloro poAr,rrenr4Te i He npaBeJrr4 Kyp6anza neq. B HapoAHa KJrerBa ce KbJrHe rara: ,,BerpyrrKa Aa re 3aBee!", ,,Berpyurra.qa ro 3aHece!" En6neficroro HacJreAcrBo B HapoAHara rraMer rrpeAcraB{ Br.rxpyrrrKara Karo rrpareHa ot locuo4, a cbrrlo, r{e B Hefi ce e BceJII4n AqBoITjr I{II,I 3bn Ayx. Taxa locuoA HaKa3Ban xopara 3a cropeHr,rre or rqx rpexoBe. Tara n HapoAHa rreceH or r{upnaucKo MoMa e nperpeml{Jra, 3aAero e samo6[ra rypLrr,rH: ,,Mumpa uarirca cu npodyna: Mano rtbo, Jvrura uafiaut1e, aKo calrt mypuuH nrc'nrta, da rtemaam cutrHu dz'trcdoee
3aBr4e vr My s, AoHece B cJrbHqeBr4Te rranarr,I.

lpo:gaHxa,

r4 flparrdJro BlrxpyrrrKa

97

u cped datrcdoeeme epadyutrcu, u cned zpadyutrcu ruxpyuKu, JileHe 6 ue6eca da duzttam...,,

ru. Aro Br.r(pyrrrKara orHece sa6pa4xara or tJraBara Ha HflKo.g xeHa, BflpBa ce, qe rrl ule ce pas6olee 14 IrIe
yMpe. B Hapo4na neceH ce pa3Ka3Ba 3a roBa:

A sls Bapneucro ce BspBa, qe 3Jrr4Te AyxoBe,


KOT4TO

Ca BT,B BI4XpyIxKaTa, ca 3aKJIIOqeHI4 B

nelqepn

H TexeH tocflo,qap e cBern

,,Ceura ca il eapa, snpa, 6epyuKa, Kbpnama eduzua Ha MoMo ,{paeaua,


3aruH.flna

l4nus vrnvt r,s,Eo locnor. He:anzcr.ruo or pa3nr{irHr{Te o6_scHeHas :a cT,rrdHocTTa Ha Br4xpynKaTa ce flprreMa, qe roBa e
3Jra, BpeAoHocHa cr4Jra, Koqro ule [peAr.{3pnra

fpazaua,

sa6oJtaaa,

uailrca il n numa:

- 3au,1o, ,[pazauo, mtti ttuueew


,[paeaua omzosapn:

u 6otteeut?

6olec_

TI4, cMT,pr
B:bB

xl4BorHrz. AKo qoseK [onaAHe BI4xpymKa, ce Ka3Ba, qe e ,,3aBrrr,, or Hefi, ,,xaJlo_


14

no xopa

Mepywrca

uail, lvrarte, gagentta


B.rrpBaHr4.flTa

U KbpnAmAJvtLt Om9eflrtI."

caH", llory.9'ar,a,,ypa4HcBaHe,., anorrJleKcr{g, Kp:bBou3IIt4B B Mo3'.lbKa, 3aJII4HtBa, ocaKaTtBa, ocJlenqBa, oHeMqBa. Tan:rs qoBeK ce pa:6olrBa or ,,HeBflpHa,o,
Helr3Jler-IrrMa

C upe4craawre v

3a rrpor,r3xoAa

r4

nocJreAcTBrr.sTa oT Br,rxpyrxKaTa ca cBbp3aHI4 peAr4-

6orecl,

qaKa

Br4To"

or

Br,rxpyuxa, To

ro cMbpr. Axo 4ere e ,,3aue 6tAe HerrlacrHo e 6paxa,


r4Jrr4

ga zafpauu r4 MaruqecKu geitclsut r4 rrpaKTr{Krr, qenqrqra Aa npeAra3sr qoBeK or BpeAHara i cpua. llo pa3nnqeH :r.a.uvrr xopara ce crpeMqr Aa s rae6eruar:
KpI4flT Ce, JIgfaT IIO OqI4 Ha 3eM.rITa, MbJIqaT, .{OKaTO

ule yMpe 6:sAeulara My xeHa

cborBerHo Mr,x.

Hxrr4e

I4Ma cnoMenv 3a ).:;aBvITo,,

Te, KOeTO rrOCJIe ocraHaJIO CaKaTo

or Bl4xpytxl(a Aec eAHaTa pbKa, a

oTMHHe, 3a Aa He I,IM B3eMe Tq tJIaCa, He tneAaT Heq, 3a Aa He ocJlerletT.

Apyro.qere ce rrapanrnuparo B nr,rrlero. Tarona se_ nro ce cnyr{r4no v c He[ocJryrxHo gere. Aro Braxpyu_
Ka ,,3aBr4e" 6peueHHa xeHa, Tq ule IroMerHe, 3auroro

Axo nuxpyrrrKara BAr{rHe Kbprra, KaJr[aK

rlJrn

HfiKaKBa Apexa, KaKTo seqe 6e or6erqsaHo, ToBa e

MHoro Jrorx 3HaK. 3arosa re3r4 Herrla ne 6uea .qa ce

e ,,,qyxHara" or gfiBora, rofiro ce e cKpun raM. Ano nmsr Ha HsKoto 6sge npecer{eH or Br4xpyu-

rofi rpn6va Aa ce BT,pHe Ha3aA prnfi Ea Lr3r{aKa [pe3 ToBa M.SCTO Aa MI4He X0{BOTHO \tM nTpII\a,3a Ea
Ka,

,,o6epe" Jlouroro, 3noro. Buxpyllxa Moxe Aa BAHfHe B:bB Bb3A)D(a w rfelrvt Konr4 ceHo, oBIIe r4 r. H. goaex,
BAHrHar

AoKocBar l.l ynorpe6ffBar, AoKaro He Mr,rHar npe3 BoAa, Toecr rptlsa Aa ce H3rrepar. [pexnre, c Kor,rro e 6pu ,,3aBLtr" qoBeK or Bl4xpyuKa, ct,rllo rpn6na Aa ce oqr4cT.rrT oT Ta3u Qr ra, KaTo Mr4HaT [pe3 of:bH 14 Bo.qa, Karo ce [peKa.qqr, 3a Aa He.qoHecar 6olecTt4 I,I CMT,pT Ha TO3I{, XOfirO fr4 HOCI{.

or

Heq, upz4o6uaa qcHoBr.rAcKH cnoco6noc9B

Aro ugxoft

Ber{e e ,,3aB:aT"
99

or

Bl,{xpyrilKa, Tora-

Ba ce [paBrrT MatptqecKz o6peAH, 3a Aa npeAoTBpaTflT 6onecrr4Te r4 cMbprra. Ha caMoro Mflcro, rGAeTo e 3aBar qoBeKTr, ro neKyBar c 6ra,.rKla pI pa3AaBar

IIMaT OT|OHBaIIIa, npeA[a3Balqa


Jrr{H, Bparr4ra, Kor\d1[{r{ra.

cI,'.JJa,

KaTo r{ecbH, IIe-

Cpeqy BI,DpyInKara ce

vll:-

BbprxBar u

[pytu

MatI,HecKV Eeitclsvs, Karo ce xBT,p-

xJre6ueta, HaMa3aHI4 c Me.q. ,,BpaxalrNo' TpbrBar Aa HaMepflT M.rrcroTo, KT,AeTO Ce e cKpr,rna roAaTa. 3a.qa nporoHsr AflBoJra, 3Me,n, 3nut Ayx, Ha rrocrpa-

LUT IIpbqKl4, np:bcT, cJIaMa, KaMblIeTa, ,3A

IA

CII{II,ATI-

paBr4 KbrIlr4vna". Cpeu4y Heg xBbpnqr oIIIe uapu, a Ha

raro vy 6aar. Karo auorpouefi, fipotoHBarrla cilra, cpeqy BHXEanvs. AaBar


rrr4e BoAa

ra

or

BbrJreH,

Mtcroro, KbAero ce e nogBrdna, ce ilaJrv!. PasupocrpaHeHa e I4 [paKTI,IKa Aa ce ,,za6ue'o Hox BbB BrD(p]TIrKa^Ia, vrJru Aa ce xBbpnr,r ocTbp xeJre3eH npe.qMeT B He.s.

py[rKaTa ce Lr3rroJr3BaT r{ xpHcTr{fHcKr4Te cr4MBOJrtr: MoJII,ITBT{, [peKpbcrBaHe, HoceHe Ha I{KoHa. BmoqBa ce I,1 cnoBecHa Matvrfl, c KorTo ce qenl/t .4a ce ilpe,[pa3[oJroxrr4, yMr,{nocrr4BK vrlru Aa ce IlpofoHrr Br4xpyruKara. Vnorpe6qBar ce v v3pa3v KJrerBr,r.

Marap n prAKo, Ho H;rKbAe ce B.f,pBa, r{e torqMATa CI,j.[A Ha Br{XpyUKaTa MOXe Aa Ce r,r3noJl3Ba r,r :a 4o6po. Tara s CraposaropcKo Ka3Bar, lre aKo. ce xBaHe rrryMKa rro BpeMe Ha Brrxpyr[Ka, c He.rr MotaT

Kr,v ntpnara rpyla vspa3v, rlen.srlfi Aa npeApa3[onoxcaT r{ oMI4JrocTr{BgT BID(pyIIIKaTA, CfiAAaT


TaKI{Ba xa.fo ,,Br,pnl4 cI{, cJIaAKa, Me4eHa!", ,,Br,pBH

Aa ce neKyBar pa3rr,rr.rHu 6olecra, a n TpoxucKo rr3rroJr3BaT ceHo, AoBesHo oT BI4XpyrXKa, KaTO OflyIIIBaT C HerO, qL,nIO 3a rlffp.

cu rlpe3 uopelo!", ,,flbrHa AolrrJra, [pa3Ha orl,rurla!". Krvr rpyr{ara r43pa3r , qensulu Aa q rporoHrr, ce orHacgr raKIaBa Karo ,,MaxHr,I ce, MaxHX ce!",
,,MaxHI4 ce, qyMo raKaBa!'., o,fly, tty, y ropa Aa I4AeIrr, 3a cyxo A:bpBo Aa ce xBasem!". Hapuuar q ,,MacKa-

HAP OAHA METEOP OJr OTVLfl

IIPEACKA3BAHE XAPAKTEPA HA BPEMETO


Hapo4Hara Mereoponorr{rr BKJrroqBa rrporHo3r4 3a BpeMeTo, Kor4To ca ocHoBaHv Ha TpaEvrrIt4oHHVTe rro3Haurrs ra ua6lrcgeHr4.f, Bbpxy ABl4xeHr4ero Ha He6ecnure reJra, arMoc$epHure flr.renvrfl, rroBe.qeHl4ero
Ha XHBOTHpITe, C:ECTOqHVeTO Ha AbpBeTa IdpaCTeHI.,''g.

perriHa",,,gyMa", ,,KypBa", ,,ypyeill4fl" Ir r. H. 3a la ce rIpeAIIa3tT) t 3pI4qAT AyMI,ITe ,,JIyK qM, nyK MI4pr,Irrra, nyK-KpoMu4", Karo ce BgpBa B alorpoleiruara cvlra Ha lyxa. Koraro ce BspBa, Lre Br,rxpyuKara e AyrxaTa Ha yMpqn qoBeK, TOfaBa I{3Jrr4BaT BO.4a Ha Mflcroro no noAo6ne [peJrr,rBaHe na rpo6. B CMorqHcKo 3a [peAna3Bane or BrnpyrxKa B
ApexI4Te crr BIIIIdBaT pacTeHl{fl, 3a KOI'ITO Ce BflpBa, qe
100

B r.f,K e cr,rHTe3l4paH MHoroBeKoBHI4rr rpyAoB onI4T Ha

cercKrrq crorraHr{H u o6raxnoseHo

re ce [peAaBar or
B

rroKoteHr{e Ha rroKoJreHr4e KaTo rroTBbpAeHo oT npaKTr4Kara rro3naHr4e. Ha6nrc4eHHrITa Bbpxy .rrBreHx-flTa

I0t

lprrpoAaTa 14 Bpb3KaTa MexAy Tfr( ca cBbp3aHr{ c HapoAHr4Te rrpeAcKa3aHr4rr r4 BspBaHHfi, KOr{TO OT CBOg
cTpaHa r4MaT Bp:b3Ka Cbc ceJrcKocTorraHcKaTa pa6o-ra npe: roAr4uara, Karo onpeAenqr 6naronpttxrura ra ne6narorpprqrHr4 MoMeHTr4 3ara3r4 pa6ora. llopa4rz rona B HapoIHXTe Mereop onornlrHrr rrp orHo3r,r upeo6:raga-

cpeuaHr{Te e IIo onpeAeJreHr,r roAr,rrxHpr [epr4oAr4, rro ce3oHl/t, IIo Meceqn. ceJlcruqr cTonaHLIH BqpBa, qe Ha

Ba paur4oHzlrrHoTo qApo HaA r4parlr4oHaJrHlrTe rrpaK^fvtK].j

(a uxxr4e Ha BceKr4 28) ro4raHu xapaKTepbr Ha BpeMeTo ce [oBTaps no oTHotrreHae Ha qecrorara u o6u:[ttocrra Ha BzuIexI{Te, rro orHoIJreHr.re Ha reMrreparypara r,r Ha rrJroAopoguero. KasBceKr4 oceMHa.qecer

BaT, qe rroArzp Mpar{Ha r4 cTyAeHa roAI,IHa r{.qe TorrJra,

Mafr4s., cyeBepns, KolrTo oTMr.{paT TBT,pAe paHo.

Ctqecrnynar rrp eAcKa 3aHvrs., Kovro He rrpor,{3Jrvoar or Hertocpe.qcrBeHn Ha6lro4enN.rr Ha Bpb3KraTe B rrprapoilarav cne4crBr,rqra or r.rrx. Ta:rz rpyua e rrpeAcraBeHa HarrpuMep or ra4alr,trflTa sa 6T,AexlaTa peKonTa, [o-rorsMa qacT oT KOHTO [pOr43T!{rraT oT v[esTa 3a o[peAenrulaTa ponq Ha HaqaroTO: HaLTaIOTO Ha tOAI{HaTa, HaqaJIOTO Ha OTIeneH
ce3oH, HaqaJIoTo Ha Ce.uMr4uaTa I{ T.
H.

a cneA HerrnoAopo4Ha v DraAHa toAr,rHa vEBa cvrTa. flosceN{ecrHo e pa3npocrpaHeHa vrBspara, qe Ha orrpeAeJreHu Meceqs, .{opr,r Ha Tor{Hr,r AaTrr, aKo rraAHe
cH-gr, To

Jlgroro rqe 6t.qe .qbxAoBHo, a aKo JIla nbK 3vrMara e cyxa rr Mpa3oBr4Ta, To H rsroro rqe 6lle cyxo, 6es BaJrexrr. Aro n.f,roro e MHoro roperqo, To-

Ba npeABenlaBa cryAeHa 3I,,'M.A, a aKO TO e AbXAOBHO,

rrpe3 3r,rMara rrle rraAHe MHoto cnsr. Tonra snN,ra 6es

llpe4cr<a:anrarra r4 npotHo3r{Te 3a xapaKTepa Ha BpeMero Motar ga 6'r,glar ruacuSuqupaHr4 t4 rro cBos-

Ta flpoA:bnxrarenHocr. Taxa re 6asar A:bJrtocpoqHrr,


TOeCT 3a eAHa CeAMr4rIa, 3a qeTupu,4eceT AHr4, 3a eAHH

Meceq

vltu 3a Ilfi.n

ce3oH, KaTO TOBa Ca npeAI4MHO


ra

6narouolyvre- Kparxocpor{Hr4o6xnaqar eAr,rH lanr4 HrKonKo AHrd. Hapo4Hure [potHo3r4 3a xapaKTepa Ha BpeMeTO MOraT Aa Ce tpynr4paT r4 cflope.[ ToBa, 3a KaKBO ce oTHacfT Te: 3a KJrr4MaTa, 3a TeMnepaTypaTa Ha
nporHo3r4 3a 3ApaBe Te [porHo3r4 rrr,K
B:r,3AyXa, 3a BaJIe)tCr4Te, 3a 3acyllaBaHe H T. H.

llpusHaqnre, rro Kor4To ce [porHo3r4pa xapaKTep.r;r Ha BpeMeTo, ca pa3nr.rqHu, KaTo egvrH or nafi102

cHrr Iqe AoBeAe.4o MHoto nJroAopoAHa roAr,rHa. Bxpna ce orue, qe ropeqo nrro BoAr4 cneA ce6e cu JIoIla a cypoBa 3r.{Ma, a xJraAHo rrro l1e 6rAe nocneABaHo or MeKa 3vMa. Aro npes nsroro yrpr,rHr4Te ca cTyAeHr4, oqaKBa ce c,ylra, a aKo rrponeTTa e Mbmr4Ba, To rqroro ule e.qbx(Aonuo. Cry4eHa eceH e 3HaK 3a ror.sM 6epexer v r. H. 3a upzvuur4Te 3a cMqHara Ha xapaKTepa Ha BpeMero r{Ma MHoro HapoAHr4 [pr,rKa3Kr,r. B e4na or T{x ce pa3Ka3Ba 3a roBa, ran Ea6a Mapra ce oxeHtrr[.a 3a Arpnr, xy6ar MoMbK, xofiro o6aqe Br4HarH xolen MHoro Jrolro o6yr N KaneH. 3apasn roBa, Koraro rrorJreAHe Jrr4rrero vy, Mapra ce pa3cMlrBiura,
HO KOTaTO rrorneAHe B KpaKaTa My, Ce pa3nnaKBana

t03

14

TaKA BpeMeTO rrpe3 HeuHr,rs Meceq ce fipoMeHf,no

MHoro

6lpto. B o6lacrra ua llnpAoncxo yno4o6r-

BaT BpeMeTO rrpe3 MapT Ha xeHa, KoqTo, KOTaTO


OXteHgT 3a MnaA MT,X, Ce CMeeJIa, a KOTaTO

cryAeH. Axo rvrapr e KurrraB, rqroro ce oqepraBa la 6rae cyxo H rrre r.rMa rorqM 6eperer uo Hr{BUTe, a Ha .qpytl4 MecTa ce Ka3Ba, qe aKo IIpe3
u1e 6s.qe MapT BanI4 MHOTO, IqTOTO IIIe e AbxtAOBHO, a aKO He BaJn{, u1e e cyxo. Brpna ce cbuIo, qe npe3 Mapr He e

CBaTST

3a cTapeu, ce HaMp:bxlBana.

B gpyra HapoAHa [praKa3Ka ce pa3Ka3Ba 3a eAHa

onvap), Kof,To r,r3KapBa paHo HalponeT oBqeTe cr{ Ha nallra, fioAn:btaHa oT xy6anoro BpeMe, r,r ce lpr4cMprua Ha 6a6a Mapra, ve Ber{e Hr{ilro He Moxe Aa ir cropll, Karo Ka3Ba: ,,MapTa - xeHa. 14 a3 - xceHa." IrlseeAHsx o6a.re BpeMero ce [poMeH.fi r,{ [acrr{pKara v oBrlere ir ce eKal4eHssar or cryg. B apyra [prrKa3Ka, 3a Aa cr{ orMT,crr{ Ha rracrr4pKara 3a per{eHoro or Heq, Ea6a Mapra B3eMa Tpr4 AHr4 Ha3aeM or Ma-ntx Ce.mo, 3a .qa Hacrb[ra cry4, rlfi raro nefinufiT Meceq 6ran seqe r{3TeKbJr. Ea6a Mapra u 6parnra i Mallx Ceqxo u I-orsv Ceqxo AT,pxanx BlrHoro cra s o6ua 6rqea. {nauara 6parx il3nvrr7vt BHHoro v Ha cecrpa cv Mapra r4 ToraBa rs MHoto ce pa3cr,pAvrlra v BpeMeTo r,BBeAbx ce pa3BaJrr. Cne.q rona Mapra cvr Ka3Ba, qe Bce rrar 6parxra ir ca usunrr4 Br4Horo, ra i uuHaBaJr rHeB:br !r raKa ce o6qcHssa lpoMeunr{Bocrra Ha BpeMero rrpe3 Mapr. Koraro Mapra ce s.Eoca, nJrroe cyrparrraqa, no Cevno fiparr,rn roJrrM cryA t4 q BKaMeHr,rn c osqere ir. Brpna ce 14 B npotHo3ara, qe aKo flHyapr4 14 $enpyapu ca Jrorrrr4, To rrponerra, Koqro cJreABa, rqe e 4o6pa, a aro Mamx Ceqxo e rorrbJr, ro BelrarAen
Bapr4aHT ToBa e

6a6a

(r Apyr

xy6aoo MHoro Ea Barfi4, rrfi raro Hr4Br{Te rqe 6s4ar rrc,JrHr4 c nJreBeJr!{. Arco nlr [pe3 Mapr ce rlo.sBn Mapar'g., Jlgroro rqe e KIrnaBo, BJIaxHo. Mnoro tlpvMepr4 vMa 3a HapoAHoTo rrpotHo3r,rpaHe Ha BpeMeTo. Taxa s Crfleeu Ka3Bar, r-re KaKbBTo e Meceq roHtr, TaK:bB ule 6rAe 14 AeKeMBpr{, a aKo roHrr, IoJIn 14 aBrycr ca roperqrr, 3r4Mara xre e cryAeua. Oco6eHo BHr{MaHr4e ce o6prula Ha nponerHnTe Meceqrr, Karo BeMero rrpe3 Tsx e uafi-daxHo 3a nnoAopo4r4ero. Tara ce Ka3Ba, ue 6epexer ue r4Ma, Kotaro Mapr r.{ vafr, ,,pa6yr.{T", Toecr npe3 T.rrx BaJrI4. Hapogm [peApr4r-ra xapaKTepa Ha BpeMero r,r IIO BpeMeTO [pe3 HSKOIKO IIOCneAOBaTeJrHr4 AHr4, KaTo Halpr{Mep ilo r. Hap. ,,6poeul.r gHr4": Tpvt, L[ecr, oceM, ABaHaAecer. Thxraea ca AHr4Te ua Tpra$on 3ape3aH, TplrSouoaa Boropo4uqa, 3llvreu cser Cr4N,reoH, IIT,pBIZITe AHI4 Ha seepyapl4, IlI3BecTHr4 KaTO ,,TpI4-

Syuqu", u ce BtpBa, qe BceKH eAL{H or re3v IHr4 onpeAen.fi BpeMero ra 6eperera npes $enpyapvl l.r^apr il arrpr4n. Bxpna ce, qe aKo r.r Ha rpr.{Te ,,rpu$yHqu"
BpeMeTo e.scHo, toAr{HaTa ule e MHoto [noAopo.4Ha. Ka3aar, r{e aKo Ha nbpBr4fi ,,rpu$yHeq", TpnSouoe.4eH, BaJIV cHsr, u1e nnra 6orara peKonra or paHHr4Te Kynryprr xrr4To r{ uapeBrarla. Aro na BToplrfl ,,Tpx-

r04

n5

Qylreq" neqe crbHue, rle r{Ma wso6unue no MaMynr,rre (uapesraqara), a aKo BaJrr4, Ilre rrMa MHoro BHHo.

Ta 3a xapaKTepa Ha BpeMero no HarraJrHr{ Anlt. Tara ce BqpBa, qe KaKbBTo e AeHflT 1 vapr, TaKaBa xle e

Hrxrge

Ka3Bar, qe KaKBoro e BpeMero ua 2 $enpyapr4, TaKoBa ule e 14 Ao rroJroBrrHa.ra Ha Mapr. Aro sa


CuN{eoHoeAeH IlMa cHqr, To peKonrara nle e

6orara

rro KbcHr{Te Kynrypr{. Aro u Ha rpr4Te ,,rpra$yuqu" BaJrr{, ue r{Ma rorqMo flnoAopo4vre, a aro zso6ulo He BaJrr4, rqe uMa torqMa cyura v npa3ur,r xau6apn. Bxpna ce, r{e aKo Ha rpprre ,,rpuSyuqu" BaJtrl
cHqr, {rle I,IMa MHOrO poeHe IIO IIIeJII'ITe I{ MHO|O MeA B Korxepr4Te.

[poneTTa, KaK:bBTo e BTOpI,LtrT AeH OT MapT, TaKOBa xle e JIgToTo, KaKbBTO e TpeTI4ST AeH, TaKaBa rr{e e eceHTa. A n TrpuoBcKo Ka3Bar, Lre aKo na 1 uapr Banr,r A:bxA, To rIqIaTa toAr,rHa rrle e Abx(AoBHa. Or 1 cenreMBpl4, JIereH cBerI,I CuveoH, B rlpoAbnxeHl,re Ha tuecT, oceM, a IUrKbAe Ha ABaHaAeCeT .qHr4 ce raAae 3a BpeMero rrpe3 roAuHara. Bcerra e4rau

'I

Axo sa 7, 2 n 3 cenrevBpr,r BpeMero

oT Te3r4 AHt4 CbOTBeTCTBa Ha eAHH OT Meceqr,rTe rrpe3 cneABarr{ara ro.qr{Ha. Thxa nanpuMep ce BspBa, r{e KaKBr4TO Ca nbpBr4Te ABaHaAeCeT AHI,{ Ha AeKeMBplr, TaKr{-

JIOIIO, BanI4 .qbX(A ttt LYXa CI,IJIeH B.flTT,p, TO 3LIMaTa,

Kosro r4ABa, Iqe 6r4e loura. lnela ce KaKBo e BpeMero I4 Ha ,,MaKaBeeBLITe" AHI,{ or 1 .qo 6 aBrycr, KaTO Ha BCeKr4 eAI,IH OT Te3I,r AHr,r Ce Hapr{qa IIo eAr4H 3IzIMeH Meceq OT OKTOMBpII AO MapT, a HqK6.{e - OT cenreMBpr{ ao $enpyapn. Ilporuo3rr 3a xapaKTepa Ha BpeMeTo ce [paBrT r{ rro rrbpBraTe .qBaHaAeceT AHH Ha aBryCT, KaTO Ce Ka3Ba, qe aKO npe3 Te3r4 AHI,r
BpeMeTo e MHofo roperqo, 3vMaTa rue e noma, cTy-

Ba rrle ca rr sboTBeTHo ABaHaAeCeT-re MeCeqa Ha toArr-

uara. {pyraAe roBa ce orHacs 3a [bpBraTe ABaHaAecer AHH or stryapil. Ha nsrou Mecra onpeAenrr xapaKTepa Ha BpeMeTo IIpe3 ABaHaAeceTre Meceqa Ha ro.qr,rHaTa rro AHHTe

or flnrvrurpoBAeu 4o Apxamelosre]i. lar.r

AaHVL 3a BpeMeTO rrpe3 roAraHaTa ce npaBsT

rro Tpr,l-

Te ,,KaII4IIKI,I": no Kore4a ce rIo3HaBa KaKBo IrIe e Bpe-

4eua. Bpevero rrpe3 roAr,ruara ce flporHo3r,rpa H no ABaHaAecerre AHrl cleg EoropoArrrla, Kor{To ce Hap[r{ar,, ceMeHapnul\vt" . Ha Eorop oguurKlz 3aroBe3Hr4 Ce faAae 3a BpeMeTo rrpe3 cneABaqr4Te rrrecT Mecerla, KaTo ce Ka3Ba, qe KaKBoTo e BpeMeTo rrpe3 II:bpBl4q .4eH, TaKOBa rrle e r4 rrpe3 Hr,rKyncKr4s Meceq, a rro TpeTH_s.qeH onpeAenqT roJreMr,rtr Meceq flHyapv. l44enra 3a olperenflxrara ponq Ha HarraJroro cTox r4 B ocHoBaTa Ha raAaHr,IsTa r,r IIpeAcK 3al]r s,r06

Mero rrpee fipoJrera, rro BpeMero ua BaculroBAeH ce o[peAenr Jrqroro, a lo BoAurIN ce taAae 3a eceHTa. Xapaxrepm Ha BpeMero ce npor-Ho3r,rpa u no
HqKOU EHI'{, r4rrl.I [pa3Hr,rrlr4 OT Hapo.qHr4fl
14

xpr4c"ru-

flHcKlrfi KaneHAap. Te ne ca 6una npr4eMaHr4 Karo


MHOrO TOr{Hr.I r4 CepI4O3HI4 I4 3aTOBa OIIIe B Har{aIOTO

Ha rraruvs. BeK 3arroqBar

Ia

ce :a6paexr. Tana nau-

pr4Mep [oBceMecrHo ce BspBaJro, qe aKo Ha EoroqsJreHpre (Boaraqu) Kr4TKara,

c KoflTo rrorr:br pbca cBeTeHa BoIa, 3aMpb3He, ror.flM 6epexer lr1e HMa rrpe3
r07

JrflToro. Axo lpr rrbK Kr,rrKara 3aMpb3ne na llonosa Kore4a, Toecr [peAHI4g AeH, ToBa e 3HaK, qe 3]IMaTa rrre 6l.qe upolbJrxprreJrHa

Mt4TpoBAeH u ApxaHreloBAeH.

a cryAeHa. Kt4ero Ha EorossreHl{e ce noflBl4 MHoro MbtJIa, TaM rrpe3 ntToro rrle 6ue rpa4. Kassa ce cbrrlo, qe aKo [uvvnpoBAeH e rorrbJr, 3rlMara nte 6rle lexa. 3a xapaKTepa Ha BpeMero ce ra.qae u no leprroBAeH, 3arose:HV, cBerr4 r{erupugecer, cBerfi Epeluun z 4p. Tara
na leprsorAeH rraAHe Mbma no 6aupr4Te, npe3 nqToTo rrle IIaAa qecTo tpaAyrxKa, aKo Jur rrbK [IMa poca, toAr{Hara IrIe e ,rMaHoBI4Tao'. Ka3Ba ce r4 r{e .qbxAoBHHTe KarrKr{ Ha lepmonAeH ca
ce 3Hae,
3Jraro, Toecr rr1e .qoBeAar roJrsM 6eperer.
Lre aKo

B Tparua ce B.rrpBa, r{e .qHr.rre oKoJro [pa3Hr4Ka Ha cBerur4Te KoHcraHTvrH vr Elena ca Mnoto topeIIII4 14 ce Hapl4qar ,,KT,prIaHa". Torasa crorlaHl{Te He r43BeXAaT CTailATa Cr{ ilpeAx r43tpeB cJrbHrle, 3a Aa He ,,K:bHqacar", Toecr Aa He cJlbHqacar. Iloscel\aecTHO e pa3npocTpaHeHa rrpeAcTaBaTa, qe KoJTKoTO ro-roperqra ca fopequurlr4Te (gsnre 15, 16 u 17

rorz), ToJrKoBa fio-Jrrora rqe 6rle 3rrMara. llo rprare lopeqHn\v ce raAae r4 3a BpeMero npe3 AeKeMBpvr, flHyaptr u $erpyapH. Axo ua 9 vapr nalu A:bxA, IrIe I4Ma HaBOAHeHI{q qgtoTo IqTO. |lporuoez 3a xapaxTepa Ha BpeMero ceJrcKlrrr cTorraHr4H rrpaBr4 14 rro oTAenHrrTe AHr4 Ha CeAMr4rIa_ Ta, KaTO TyK CbLTIO Ce OTpa3sBa w[eflTa 3a olpeAen'{uJaTa ponfl Ha HaqaJIOTO, BflpaTa, rle ,,fIoHeAeJIHI4Kbr KoMaHgBa"
Lr.ro,
IuI

Aro ga I4saHoeAeH HrMa JIeA, ToBa e 3HaK, qe


Jrsroro H.sMa Aa e 4o6po, a aKo Ha Ea6uH4eH BpeMero e 4o6po, To npe3 rleJrr4fl $enpyapu qe 6r4e cry4eHo. Koraro Ha 3r{MHrls AranacongeH (18 nuyapu) HtMa cHqr, ToBa e 3HaK, qe nponerra n1e 4ofi4e pa-

aKo B To3tI AeH BpeMero e JIor4

To TaKoBa xle ocTaHe


I4

npe3 rlsnaTa celMr rla.


Banr4

Koraro Ha AeHfl Ha cBerr4 l4tus, rbpMrr, opexr4Te xlenu aa6t aar myrrnuBx. 3r,tvnnsr HxxylAes cbrrlo e 6orar Ha npeAcKa3BaHr{s: aKo BpeMero e cryAeHo v Banv cHqt, ce BgpBa, r{e peKonTaTa oT XI4TO I4 IIapeBr4rla rqe 6:bae 6orara. Axo nl,r Ha ro3r4 .{eH BpeMero e ronJro r4 c)D(o, r-sroro ule 6r.qe Jro[ro 3a rroceBl,rre. Hm:r4e Ka3Bar, qe aKo Ha Hury"ugeH rbpMtr, ToBa e 3HaK 3a,,cK:bflort4{ vrlrag''. Kasea ce u qe aKo ua llerxon4eH BpeMero e xy6ano, To Ha [zvrurpon.qeH xle I Jrotuo, n o6paruo. HqrtAe BqpBar, qe KaKBoro e BpeMero Ha llerrongeH, TaKoBa u1e e Ha [uHo.
r0B

Axo utr B fler:bK e topelr1o, g c'b6ora rqe


,qr,xA, orK:bAero e

[oroBopKara ,,V rterbK rIeLIe, y HeAenq reqe". Aro cleA AT,x,qoBHo BpeMe B fler:br orpee cJrbHqe, To IIpe3 r\fl,ilflTa cneIBaxla ceAMr4rla IIIe Banlt, a aKo B Apg.I.A, IIeTbK Z HeIent e JroLLIo, TO
B ocraHaJrr4Te AHr.r BpeMero

ue e 4o6po r{ T. H. Tntp.ue pa3rrpocrpaHeHu cpeA HapoAa ca

r{

rrpofHo3r4Te 3a BpeMeTo, Kor4TO Ce [paBqT


JrHr{H!{Te

IIo pa3aruoc$epuvt flBre*:as. Te:u uporHo3ra ca lpe.qr,iMHo KpaTKocpor.rHr4, 3a EeHs. vnvt 3a cJreABa-

rr-Iara Horrr H reH. Te

clarpxar
109

MHoro paqlroHanHrz

eJreMeHTr{, pe3ynTaT OT KOHKpeTHr4Te HaonrcI:eH:]/lfl

.{T,)K!'bl'

oTpa3.sBaT Or{eBUAHI,I npr4rrr.rHHo_cneAcTBeHr4 Bpb3Kr,r B rrplrpoAaTa. oTrruTafrKr4 Te3v Bpb3Kt4 r4 HacT:brrBarrlt4Te c Tgx npoMeHV B npnpoAaTa, ceJrc_ Kr4qT CTOUaHI4H e rrpaBun cBoHTe MeTeopoJrotvlr[vr nporHo3r,I u e o[peAeJltn noAXoXflI]JpI, r4trr Heno.q_ xoAqulr4 MoMeHTI,r n flepzoAn 3a e,{Ha r4n I \pyra

vt

llle npo7]bnxll l:IbJIrO. llporHo:u ce npaBrrl n no Apyru alvroc$epuu r{Brer{r{rl- Karro Beqe craHa iryMa, Kotaro rIMa MHofo cHtrf [pe3 3r.rMaTa, [oBceMecTHo ce IIpl4eMa, r{e
14

ToBa rrle AOHece

MHoro ao6pa peKoJrra, Koraro rra-

,da MHofo cirAHa, ToBa rrpe.[BerlaBa A'bJrta

u TexKa

llo o6rarlr4Te, IIo TexHr{q IIB'T, TIJIIIHOCT, nO nocoKaTa Ha TfxHoTo tlosBrBa_ He, ABrrxeHvre tr T. H. MOXe ilA ce ca,!.rt 3a npoM.f,Ha_ Ta Ha BpeMero. Haxsge Ka3Bar, qe Koraro o6laquTe craHar ,rltla EvlilItr4'o Karo BbJIHa 3a BJIaqeHe, Iqe 3aBanu Abx(A. Arxa n rpa.q nre Banqr H aKo ce nosBvt ct4H o6lax c 6gna Mbura, HJu4 Koraro o6naqure Jrerrr HI,rcKo v ca rra,,BarMo". B CoSnficxo Ka3Bar, r{e aKo o6laqzre nABar or ceBep, :uflvra Ea Banv. flo 4rxga ce npaB.rrr [porHo3r4 3a r,rABarrlara
ceJrcKocTonaHKa pa6oTa.

peKoJrTa, KaTO CeJICKI{qT CTOIaHI,IH


,,go6puoo
14

ycTaHoBr4n

Ballexil. Kaxro neqe 6e or6erq3aHO, nOBCeMeCTHO Ce [prreMa, qe MapTeHcKr4flT r{ Nraficru.fir .qbx,{ LI To3I{, rofiro BaJrH no-TorrHo Ha leprrongeu r.r Cuacon4eH, ca uaft-go6pu n xle .qoHecar nafi-ronqvr 6epexer. Cuqecrryaar HqKor4 pefr{oHaJrHr,I pa3lil4qutg! KaTO Te3V Ha[pI4Mep, qe B Xacroncro, fhongrancro, llaeap4xrflrrKo, Bypracxo npileMar o6parHoro, Toecr rre MapreHcKr{qr AbxA pa3Ban.s 3eMsra v cneA Hero rf rpyAHo ce o6pa6or_ ea. 3nae ce, qe Koraro no BpeMe Ha l:bnqq ce o6pa3yBar ,,Mexypv", ,,6yrKV", ,,6ypLl'o, ToBa e 3HaK, qe
,,rolJtJ.4'o

3I{Ma, KOtaTO nl,K 3HMe I{Met MHOTO CKpeX( IIO,4],pBeTara, eceFrra u{e e A'bxnoBHa v r. tr. Hapo.4Hara ueTeoponof[tfl BKJroLrBa 14 rrpofHo3l4Te 3a BpeMeTo no rrr,pBoro rrporbpMsBaHe [pe3 ro.q[Hara. 'laxa ce 3Hae, qe 3I,IMe, aKO UpOfbpMH II 3aBaJILr, CKOpO llle Hrv{a r4 cHqr. AKo [porbpMH no rrJ]aAHe, rpal rue 6He. Buqr J-rr{ ce MHoro BuxpyrxKr.{, rra cytua e. Aro ce nosBrr o6lar rpe3 nqroro u 6rp:o ce pa3pacTHe r{a Br{coqurra KaTo pa3Bee rpr4Ba, KaTo BeTr,rJro, T0 rrle fipor"bpMr.r Hacr(opo tpl,MoTeBr4ua 14 rrle 3aBaJrr.r. Ar<o upn cyxo BpeMe cyrpr{H ce [osBrrr MHO|O pOCa, TOBa e 3HaK 3a rrpoN.{trHa Ha BpeMeTO. Aro o6,raqnTe npe3 3uMara ce 3a,[r,pxar Ha HHcKo, JrsToTo rl{e e cTy.qeHo. , Ce-[cxnre crofiaHu ca ycraHoBl JII{ cBou ,,MereoponoturlHIr claHqnil". Koltro Hafi-.{ecro ce Hapuqar ,,MbrrreHu", Kol nlo oqleAenqr xaparmepa rra BpeMero rro M:brJIr4Te, r{ ,,BerpeHI4", Kofaro onpeAengr BpeMe'ro rro ilocoKala r{ cr,rJrara Ha Br-r'bpa. Thxa ce 3Hae, qe aKo MT,TJII4Te ,,[bKar", 3aAT,pxar ce Ha ]IgKoI,I Mecra, Iqe

Abxrr. flo r1nera Ha M'br.lrr.rre ce cr,.qv 3a BpeMeTO TaKa: B 3aBi.ICtrMOCT OT TOBa, EailLl e CBCTJra LrJru T'LMHII, II{e BiinH flb)Kjf H U-le tIMa BHXpylIIKa, a CHerbT
Banr4

tr0

t11

ue

rraAHe c Bzenlrqa.. Axo

rrbK Mbnrara leNra sa,{

[JraHuHr4Te, 6es 4a Jra3il, BpeMero rrle e xy6aso. Axo

r.flToTo Ayxa BqT:bp oT r,EtpeB-cn:bHue, oT utpnn nerJrr,r, roJrqMa cyxa ce oqaKBa 14 toJr.rrM 3sH no 6epexera.

"l

EaaairKu He6ero, ca ycraHoBeHrr H.rrKoLr ocHoBHr,r 3aKOHOMepHOCTI{, KaTO Ta3I4, qe {CUO ne6e npe3 3I,IMaTa Bo4vt Ao fonsM cryA, qepBeno He6e Ber{ep [peAcKa3Ba BeTpoBr,rTo BpeMe Ha Apyru{r AeH, a aKo H.s-

|
I

KounperHrare na6lro4eHr4fl, ca roBenr4 Ao sHanuero, qe axo cneA Abx(A 3aAyxa rox(eH Bsrbp, epevero rqe
.A pa3BaJrr4, r,r tr-^6,."^ ce hoDDorrr at r,I3o6xlo, KaKTO -^--^ tr^ oT6erq3aHo, Beqe 6e ^-a^*-^^--^

i I

[opeA ue6ero e qepBeHo, ule ce 3acyrxr4. Ha uuoro Mecra Ka3Bar, r.re aKo ne6ero e qepBeHo
KoJrKo.qHr,{

BCeKr{ Cr{JreH B.r{Tbp AoBexAa AO rrpoMrrHa Ha BeMero.

cyTpr,rH, To npe3 AeH.rr

qe

Banr,r.

Axo cyrpun ce nosBr{ xtn6oalrgna MbtJrr4rra, Koqro ce rr3Ar{ta Karo or KoMrrH Ha oflpeAeneHlr Mecra (6oau), ule rlMa 61pr,4lxg, tpo,4. llo no.flsara na ne6ecHara .ubra, IIo Hacr/rTeHocTTa ira nefinure rIBeToBe csUIO Ce [paBsr nporHo3rr, KaKTo seqe 6e or6enslaHo. MereopolotrrqHz rrporHo3t4 ce rrpaBrr n pa:JrHqHr{ o6nacrra urfi4 cera, oKoJro u.sroft reorpaScru| o6err, xapaKTepeH 3a Mscroro. Tara Harrpr,{Mep Co " Quficrco ce r(a3Ba, qe aKo o6laqrare rrgBar or vrasacrr,rpa ,,CBer[ Kpar" rrJrr4 aKo rro cpeAara ua Buroura rrraHvrua ce flporor{r4 MbtJra, ue Batr4 Abxr. llo revneparypaTa Ha Bb3Ayxa npe3 pa3nr{qHr{Te qacTra Ta AeHOHOrrIr4eTO CbrrIO Ce [paBsT MeTeoponorprqHr4 rrporHo3u. Thra uanpuMep ce 3Hae, lre aKo cyrpr,rHTa orr1e e roflJro, clego6eg rrle Banu Abx.q, a aKo rro nJra.qHe He e MHoto ropeqo, oqaKBa ce rpaAyrxKa. Cencxzsr crorraHl4H olpeAenq [poMsHara B:bB BpeMero H no flonoxeHr{ero Ha ne6ecuure reJra 14 no caMoro ue6e. Tesra nporHo3rl cbrrlo Morar la 6rAar Abnrocpor{Hr4 (sa qelux veceq) r4 KparKocpolruN (sa EeHs. unv 3a cneABarrlNx geu). Taxa, na6nro|
|

I I

I I

Cnope4 HapoAHr,rre rrpeAcraBrz BpeMero B KJrrurMaTHqHO OTHOrrreHr4e, a OTTaM r,r ycnerxHr,rsT pe3ynaT or ce,ircKocrorraHKara pa6ora gaBvrcflT r,r or noJlox(eHero Lt $arure ua He6ecnure reJra, cJIbHIIe, MeceqrlHa Ir 3Be3Av... Brpna ce, qe Mecerlbr e 6par Ha cJrbHrrero, Karo B HapoAHr4Te rrecHr{ ce cpeqa Karo ,,6airo", a B Apyfv Aapoguu [ecHr{ To ce o[peAers Karo nyfiuo na cnbHrlero. Mecequnara ilbK 6uta cecrpa Ha cnbHrler:o. Taxa Ka3BaJr uop6a4Nu-rra r.{ [prmyx.qaBaJr cnyrr4Te Aa x(:bHar r1fln .qeH

v rJflrra

Horq. Mnoro no4po6uz

ca HapoAHr4Te rrporHo3r4 3a KJrrrMaTa rro rroJrox{eHr{eTo

Ha poroBere Ha Mecer{vHara.

flo resla [pr.BHarIV ce

npaB.f,T peAr,rrla AHeBHr,r 14 MeceqHr4 nporuosu. Tara

Halpl4Mep, Koraro nyHara e ,,[brHa", ,,TpyIHa", c t43BI,{TV Harope pOfOBe, Jrexu IIoJIefHaJIa ra 4olHrzxr ir

pof e BncHan HaAony, qe


nbK poroBere

Banr.r npe3 To3r,r nleceu.

Axo

ca H3Bvrrr4nacrpann,Toecr MecerlTjr e ,,t43qe4eH", Mecellbr rqe 6rle cyx. IIIe Balrrr v Kotaro

npx r43rpqBaHeTo crr rrbJrHaTa nyHa BeAHata 3aJre3e B o6laqz. Ha nqroz Mecra no HoBonyHr,re greAar poroBeTe Ha Mecgqr4HaTa
14

aKo Te Ca TT,[II4, BqpBaT, r-Ie Bpe-

Mero ule ce pa3BaJrr{, a aKo ca ocrprl


113

na cyxo 4o6o

112

BpeMe e. laAae ce 3a BpeMeTo r{ IIo rocoKaTa, B KoqTo

6x^n -nyr,

3arrloro rrle ro

r43g.Ear LIepBeI4, He

6usa cblrlo

ca opl4eHTr,rpaHlr potoBeTe Ha nyHaTa: aKo Harrpr4Mep


Te tJIeAaT Ha n3TOK, IrIe BarII4, I,I O6paTHO, aKO tneAaT Ha 3arraA, BpeMeTo IIIe e xy6aBo.

Aa ce eeflT kr Bapr4aa (rpax, JreilIa, 6o6), sauoro rqe 6rAar rrpa3Hr,{, c:brrlo H iryrrrKr4, 3axroro npu forBeHe H.rrMa Aa yBr{paT, 3eJreTo ilIe fo qAaT cbilIo qepBeprTe.

Tpo*rcxo, npra flo.flBara Ha HoB Meceq (rysa) ce cJreAH rasm roitt e HaBeAeH C eAWHVt[. CIA pot, Vnu ce4v BoIopaBHo HaA xopr43oHTa. Axo e HaBeAeH, Ka3Bar: ,,Ll3rflJt ce e, HqMa cKopo p.aBaJtr4.oo Axo e BoAopaBeH, c poroBere Harope,
Harrpr4Mep B Ka3Bar ,,rIJraKHe ce'., Toecr BoAara e y Heto, u cneA HoBoJryHI,Ie ce oqaKBar Biurexfi. CNaqra ce, ge BpeMero Ha
nepr4oAraqHl,rTe Bzurexca

Ha nsroz Mecra, Karo

[o6pe

e B To3r{ nepr4oA Aa ce ceKar AbpBa 3a rpaAr,{-

Bo, 3arrloro ce B.f,pBa, r{e

ro ule 6l4e rpafino H r,r3r-

pbxJrr,rBo. Ha ,,pa3curr" Meceq we 6usa HlrilIo Ea ce ca-

AH, 3auloro Bcr.rqKo ule 6rAe [pa3Ho. Crqecrnyoar orqe MHoro n mait- p asnoo6p asu r a4anr4fl. 3a rrn oA op o Aue, cBT,p3aHr,r c Mecelrflnara. Taxa Harrpr4Mep n TpogHcKo Ka3Bar, qe aKo ua.{r.ruurpoBAeH Mecer{raHara e
frpa3Ha, [pe3 Ta3a roArrHa
14

e rreT AHr4 npeAr4

r4 rreT AHr4

KorxepxTe rrle ca ilpa3Hr,{.

cJreA ,,oceKBaHe Ha cBeIr.ITa", Toecr rIpeAI,I

x cneA Hoe

BoJryHlre.

Aro

upes re3r,r AHr,r He Biurr{, BpeMero He e

Bxpna ce, qe [epr4oATjr or HoBoJryHre Ao nbnHonyHr4e e [oAXoAsrrI 3a 3anorrBaHe Ha BcqKaKBa pa6ora, r:sit
KATO BCI'II{KO TIIE OTIIBA ,,HA

HopMaJrHo.

Bropuar AbxAoBeH [epproA B Meceua

I]bIHO.., A

C]/IEE,TO3I4

tIEPil-

BpeMeTo npI,I ,,pa3cr{[BaHe Ha Meceqa cneA rrbnHony-

nae. llepnogr{Te Ha sanexure ce pe,qsr raKa


Marrua (peaosHa) foAXHa Ha BceKrr rrerHaAecer

Hop-

oA - ,,Ha pa3cr4rn", Toecr na ue6raro[onyque. Hapognara Bspa He rro3BoJrtBa Ha ,,HoBa Mece,lr:rlira" Aa ce

AHr,r.

Izlso6uo [oBceMecrHo ce 3Hae, qe Kotaro MecerlTjr ce MeHI,r, [poMeH.rr ce 14 BpeMero. Aro Ao noflBara Ha ,,HoBa cBeu1", ,rl\allaA Meceq", ,rHoBI,IHa" (rona e rrepraoAr;r Ao rprr AHV cner noxueaHero ir, a rrocJre ce Hapr{qa ,,Meceqvna") npeveto e 6ulo cyxo, To tIocJIe ule BaJII4, ra o6parHo, aKo e xMaJro Ibxq vt Kuufa, ue ce oIIpaBl{, 3aIrIoTo Ka3BaT, lle ,,MecerraHara" ce e oKbnana BeLIe H TpbrBa Ha rlbr. Bxpna ce, qe Ha ,,crapa cBerq", ,rcrapa MeceLII{Ha", Kotaro MeceIITir Ber{e e Ha rIoJIoBI4Hara x 3arloqBa
.qa npu.qo6rEna

Crrqo rara Ha ,,Karerlr Mece.rl{Ha" He ce 3arlovna pa6ora, He ce ulaBqr, He ce neKyBar 6orecru, 3arlloro HaqrrHaHl4ero }dflMa ra e ycflerrlHo. Ha ,,HonI4Ha'o,Ha,,[bJIHa cBer1'o
Apexr4 ua 6omro 4ere.
e MHoro ao6pe Aa ce 3acax.ua BcrrFrKo,3aruoro roraBa

ru{sr

Bcr{qKo rrre AaAe rrJro.q, ule 6rAe


cevrrl;.ao'.

,,[brHo". B uapo4ur.r-

Te rIecHI4 TO3I,I IIepHOA IOeTI,II{HO e Haper{eH ,,[CHA}le-

Sopuara Ha cbprr, He 6usa Aa ce cee

Cuqecrnyna HapoAeH o6u'aail.- cndpe4 rofiTo, Koraro s.srofi Blz.A:r, 3a tlpbB ItEr tIbJrHa MeceqrrHa, rpx6na Aa cvr43Ba1l KecrrsraLr Karo rJreAa B Meceqa, Aa s rrorynBa c A)'N{r,{Te: ,,KaK cvr rrr>rrna ru (ueceuraHara - 6. a.), rara Aa e nbnHa r4KecrirflTa."

II4

II5

Koraro

oKoJro MeceqrrHara Ha [bJrHonyHr.re ce

o6paryna,rBeHeq",,,xapMaH",,,apMaH.",,rxaro", ToecT toJIqM cBeTbJI Kp:bt, IIoBCeMeCTHO Ce BSpBa, qe BpeMero nle ce [poMeHLr, ue ce pa:nalu. Tosu ,,xapMaH" rrpeABerrraBa Abx.q [pe3 Ilennq Meceu, Karo ce 3Hae, qe or Kosro crpaHa e ,,o6spnata BpaTaraoo Ha xapMaHa, orraM qe lofile c[JreH Bqrbp. Aro nrr ro3lz ,,xapMaH" e cKrlor{eH, ToBa e cl4rypeH 3HaK, qe x1e 3aBanI,L Koraro Kpr,frjr e rIepBeH Lrnld xbJrr, [porHo3r4Te ca 3a uo-go6po BpeMe B rrpoAbn)ICEHHC

Bqrbprr ,,ro e [petopr4Jr" Ltrv r{e ro e Bvr4fl,Ito JIoIlx, cpaMHr4 pa6orz Aa ce BT,prxar rro 3eMqra r{ or roBa
ce gAocano, [oqepBeHsno II BAI,{fHuuro B0I,Ir{KI4 BeTpO-

ee. I4I\,Ia

14

JIeIeHAa, qe Cn:EHIIeTO 3aXOXAa qepBeHO,

3arrloro roBa e KpbBTa Ha 3aKJraHara My uafira. To s


3aKJraJIO, 3arrIOTO Ce t,qOCaJIO, ![e Tq He e npI4foTBI,IJra

BeqepsTa My, Ho Ha 3apaHTa oTHOBO q CrXUSr,UrO. B

[o6pygNa

Ka3Bar, qe aKo rrpn r,BrpeB cnbuue

ro

r4Ma

HA OKOJIO MCCEU.

Ha vepeHa, ,,KbpBaBa'., nyna Ha ue6eTO HapOATjT T:bJrKyBa KaTO rrpeA3HaMeHOBaHr{e, qe

Iloqsara

rqe Ayxa B.sT5p


rrfiT

vrv

3a Jrorru .qHH, Kor4To rrle Hacrb-

BofiHa, Mop no xopa u.qo6rzrT x. JIyHara cra-

Ba qepBeHa Karo Kp:bB I4

or ,,MHoto

o6nxarqueoo kuu

KOIaTO Ce e MHOIO,,CrpqJra t4 I43rOp14IA".

Bxpna ce cbrrlo raKa, qe nyHara prvra qele6na crara. flopaAlr roBa, 3a Aa ce [peA[a3qr or 6olecrTa ,,rbfpr4rra", rpaxbr or HoBara peKonra ce ocraBg Aa rrpeHoulyBa eAHa HoxI Ha Mecelrr4Ha. flo z:rpena 143are3a Ha cnr,Hrlero, rro HetoBara cVIa v IIBfiT CeICKIUIST CTOIIaHI4H SbIIIO [paBI4 IIpOIHo3r,r 3a roBa, KaKBo ule 6rle BpeMero. lloecevrecrHo ce 3Hae, qe aKo ro r,r3rpee B o6raK, BpeMero ce pa3Banr r4 IrIe 3aBanu AbxA. Aro upx rnrpeB cJrr,HrleTo e r{epBeHo, npe3 AeHs ce oqaKBaT
Lt
E':.;;K!,

,,yuftr'', Toecr pa3HoIIBerHI4 Lt3pacrbllr4 HaoKoJIo cta, ule Banr{ AT,xA. B Pycencxo, r;vr1flT nr4 cyrpr4H cneA cJIbHTIeTO CBeTJIa AI4pq KaTO OlaIIIKa, CbII{O OqaKBaT Ar,x(A rrpe3 ,qeH.rr. Ha vnoro Mecra e rro3Hara rrotoBopKara ,,t{epneua 3opa, MoKp a Beuepfl". Aro npu H3rpeBa cr,{ cn:bHrlero rrpex(yps, a Beqep 3are3e n o6rar, Ka3Bar: ,,AKo 4Hec neqe, yrpe rqe reue." Aro oxoro cnbHrlero ce os6epar o6raqu, croPO IIIe 3aAyxa B.sT:F,p, a c Hero II]e 3aBaJrr4 rr .qbxA. Koraro cnbHrlero e HaA xopr43ouTa cJreA rr3rpeB rtlrv nafi-qecro K:bM rlKt4H.qut (npegu rane:), nony3aKpr4To or rr,HKlr pa3KbcaHr,I o6larlz csc cra6o r4Jrr4 rrocrl.rrHo H3pa3eHI4 uBeroBe ;ra ne6ecnara Abra, ToBa
rrpeABerrlaBa cKoporxHo pa3Ban.flHe Ha BpeMero. Ano

rro cbIIIoTo BpeMe oKono Hefo ce losBr{ oTpaxeHr4e,

,,JIbxr[Bo crbHl1e", ctqo cKopo ue Ban]I. !ne, veTvtpvr ,,JrblKJrHBI4

ctrbHlla", crverant4 c I"IBereH Kpbr


3aJre3e

Ia

Apyfr4 rIBeTHr{ A:brI4, [peABrrIaBaT oTHoBo A:bxA.

cr4JreH BqTbp

N uso6u1o npoM.f,Ha BbB BpeMero. Cruo raKa ce BspBa, qe cJrbHrleTo r43tpqBa qepBeHo, 3arrloTo
116

B T6MeH o6lar, ua Apyruq AeH BpeMero rrle e AbxAoBHo, a aKo o6laKBr e r{epBeH, npeAB}rx.qa ce cvrrna 6ypx. Aro npu
t17

Koraro cnbHrlero

3aJIe3 oKoJIo cJIbHIIero I4Ma ,,xapMaH", ,,KoJIo'., KaK-

TO rrpr4 Meceqr4HaTa, BpeMeTo ce pa3Bans

14

rrle Ba-

rrl cHqr r,{nu r:bxA. B Co0uficKo Ka3Bar, r{e aKo cnbHqero rrpeMr,rHe npe: o6,rax r4 ToraBa 3aJre3e, Ha
Ipytr'.fl AeH rrle r4Ma rpaAyrrrKa. Hapo4lr Hra BspBa, r{e cpeqy cnr,Hr{ero se 6uBa.4a ce BT,puar Jrolttu, cpaMHr,r pa6otu,3arlloro ro rr1e ce sAoca fi qe r43topra Bcr{rrKo. He 6usa Aa ce B:bIUaT CpaMHI,I HeIIIa I4 3aIIIOTO Ce BqpBa, lle TO e 6oxue oro. Cperqy cnr,Hrlero ne rpx6na Aa ce r{3xBbpn.fl cMer, 3arlloro ce BqpBa, r{e MHoro 6rnxu rqe ce HaBT,Aqr, He 6Iana Aa ce qAe, He 6uga ila ce Mrle
IIIe Ce rrOKpI4e CT,C CTpy[t{, ne 6una Aa ce KoJrr{ xr4BorHo. Bapna ce, qe Bcr{qxrd neKyBauut,6aeuuq, Mattlr'4 rpr6ea Aa ce H3BbprxBar npeJILITIeTO, 3anIOTO

floeceNlecrno ce 3Hae, qe axo rro 3r4MHo BpeMe He6ero e gcHo I4 3Be3A\rre JI:bcKar, Toecr cBergr MHoto cxJIHo, I{JrI,{ TpenTqT, TOBa [peABeqaBa toJIqM cry4. Aro rrbK JrsrHo BpeMe ne6ero Ho[IeM e scHo u oceqHo c MHoro 3Be3AI{, s 6rl{grare AHr4 ce oqaKBa AbxA. Axo :ne:4rare ca Harbcro, BpeMero rrle 6r4e xy6ano, u o6parno. flpuelra ce, Lre axo Ha He6ero Hqva 3Be3Alr, ToBa e 3HaK 3a Jrouo BpeMe. floloNeHaero Ha 3Be3Ar{Te cnyxr4 Ha 3eMeAeJrerla
r4

cKoroBbAerla Karo cBoeo6pazua Mereopononaq.

llo

crssesArzqra Ksaqxara, Kyvona craMa, Pa:roro

ll Kolara

ce onpeAens. Eanv e Hacrr,rrr4fla rrpoJrerra, gastu rptdua Ea ce caAr,r qapeBvrrJa, Ea ce cee JreHbr,

AaJrr,{ e BpeMe Aa ce

pexe Jro3eTo,

LaJrvr e HacTsrrHJro

Jr.sroro utpn6rla

nr4 Ea ce Kocr{, Aa ce

xbHe. Axo

nrx

AU LI3rpeB CJIT,HIIe, 3aXIOTO IIHaK JIeKST He XBaIIIa. flpu u:rpen cnbHr{e e Hafi-4o6pe Aa ce rroJrr{Bar
Jrexr,rre, 3auloro rrle

E HACTbNI'IJIA CCEHTA, 3BC3II,ITE IUE IIOACKAXAT KAKBO

pacrar 6r:o. ,{o r,BtpeB

cn:bHrle

o6aqe ne 6tasa Aa ce ilycKa Ao6rarsx Ha rrarra, 3arrroTo ilIe My ce ilpa3Hll ycrara rr ule xBaHe ,,Merv,'I'.. flpu

r4rpeB cnbHrle MaxaT T.rrJroTo Ha HoBopoAeHr4Te c MacJro, a xopara ce Kpbcrqr 14 cr{ [o)r(eJranar 4o6po.

flpu

sa-re: cn:L,HrIe He rpn6na Aa ce rrpaB.sr HqKor4


LrJrr4

Herrla, KaTo Ha[puMep Aa ce.qaBaT orleT

KBac, 3a-

uroro rre ce pa3Bar-flT, ne 6[sa Aa ce Mere KT,rrlara, a 14 KorrrapuTe, 3arrloro Ao6umrr,r ue ce pa:6olee, a aKo xeHa po4r4,.qerero rle ,,3ixoxAa" or [ra.{ u r, H. Houleru ceJrcKr{flT cronaHxH rneAa 3Be3Ar,rre u

4a ce 6epe - 6o6, operur - v [anw e 6lzso 3vruara. llo noloxeHr{ero Ha re3r,r 3Be3Ar,r c eAHa npu6Irvr3vrreltHa roqHocr ce o[peAenq KaKBa rqe 6r4e roEI,IHATa - Kr{rrraBa vrwr cyxa, TorrJra r,{Jrr4 cTyAeHa, rrnoAopoAHa vilv He lr r. g. Axo Mre.{HXqr nrir e cBerbJr r{ rrbneH cr,c 3Be3Ar,r, 4o6po BpeMe ce oqaKBa, a Koraro lonqtvrara MeqKa (Konara - 6.a.) utu cb3Be3.ql4ero Ksaqxara He cBerrr qcHo, BpeMero nle ce BJrorrrr{. Bxpea ce, qe aro Kea.{Kara }I3rpee
npeAr,r Hraryl4eH, ToBa [peABerrlaBa Abnta r4 cryAe-

ro

TqxHaTa spKocT

il

rbcToTa npeAcKa3Ba BpeMeTo.


T]B

na sulaa. Aro roga cb3Be3.qr{e ce cKpxe na flornaAz (3arone:un), roecr rpe.qu TogopoageH, roJrsMo lnoAopoAr4e rrre r{Ma [pe3 roAr,{Hara. Aro cb3Be3r19

Ar,IeTO OCTaHe Ha HeoeTO I4 CneA TO3V AeH, rOArrHa-

3HaK, r-re rr1e Hacrbrrlr cryAeHo BpeMe.

Ha vnoro uec-

Ta rrle e
Hvrs,

no[ra

r{ Herrno,4opoAHa. TaKr4Ba rrpeAcKa3a-

Ta Ka3BaT, r{e aKo oBIIeTe MHO|O ilAQaT) Ha ApyfI,IS AeH

e Keaqxara ce [paBqr u ua [wvurpoBAeH, Ha ApxanreloBAeH, Ha 3prMeH cBerr4 Hurora. lpr{eMa Karo Jro[ro [peAcKa3aHrae sa 6oNra 3HaK 3a vop, 6olecrra 14 cyua. Koraro [aAHe 3Be3Aa, BrpBa ce, qe r{oBeK
Ha

rrle 3aBaJrr4 A:bx.q, a 3t4Mara


KI,IBA

cHst. B Eypracro e raoBrrapure

AHII KA3BAT, IIE OBIIETE TIACAT ,,HA QHA;,,.

floqeara

,,oflat[ara

3Be34a'o ce

flponioru 3a xapaKTepa Ha BpeMero

rrpaBrT r,r IIo [oBeAHIreTo Ha oBrIeTe Ha onpeleneHr,r gru. Thra aKo npes Horqra cpeuly [nuurpoe4eH )caBOTHT4Te Ca

yMI4pA HqKT,Ae, I,InI4 OIqe Ce Ka3Ba, LIe ,,KbCMeTT,T My fiagaJf'. Kasea ce orle, r{e BceKIut voBeK cI4 LIMa 3Be3-

Ha-iIfltaJII4 pa3ilpbCHaTI,I, TOBa e 3HaK 3a Me-

Ka, TofIJIa la 6escuexHa3v /ra, a aKo ca clqmqeHrr,3LI-

Koforo rq e.[o-torlva, tofi e KbcMerJlrrg. Hapo4uara Mereoponotaq BKrroqBa npotHo3ra 3a xapaKTepa Ha BpeMeTo v rro cbcTosHHeTo Ha xopara. lloeceMecrHo ce 3Hae, r{e BpeMero ce pa3BaJIq, aKo ce ycvnBar peBMarl,Ir{Hrare 6olxu, aKo 3acrp6xr y[rr{Te, Koraro Ha lroBeK He My ce pa6oru, a MHoro My ce crr414 r. H. Bpevero Mox(e Aa ce [peAcKaxe u rro ctHr4ruara. Tarca n.ax:s4e (Pa:rpa4cro) TbnKyBaT, qe aKo cbHyBarx rpo3.qe, ToBa e 3HaK 3a Arbx(L a ApyraAe (Bnaroenrpa4cro) - qe cbHyBarx
Ea

Ha

Mara Iqe e cryAeHa lr rexKa. B flros.quscKo npr4eMar,


qe 3r4Mara rqe 6r.qe re)r(Ka, aKo paxeHr4e oBrlere Jrexar

or

1 a-urycr ao

flpeo6-

nr4 M:bpTBerI, BpeMeTo ce pa3Bans, aKo c:bHyBaLU.pr4-

6a, na cryA e r4 T. H.
B

6rnrapcrara

HapoAHa Mereoponorzs oco6euo


r,r pa3[pocTpaHeHr,re r,rMaT

for.sMa xr43HeHocT
HO3r4Te

rrpof-

6rzsro eIHa Ao Apyra, BKyrr. Po.qoucxlrre oBqaprr npeABrDKAar cyxo Mpa3oBr,rTo BpeMe, aKo npe3 AeHr oBIIeTe ca MHofo nbpl auvr vt \acar 6rpso, a aKo re ca oMbpnylreHrr r{ nacaT JIeHI,TBO, BpeMeTO IIIe e BnaXHO r,r AbXAOBHO. 3nae ce cblrlo, qe Koraro HoIIIeM xLrBorHI4Te ca Hecnorofinra, floArrnarxeHr{, rpe3 cneABaIIIpITe AHLr rqe wva 6ypu r4 rptMoreBlrqu. B fio6pyaxa cneA.sr Aarrvr.Ha Kocra4uHoB.qeH oBIIere Jrexar cKylqeHI,I, Koero rrpHeMar KaTo 3HaK, qe rqToTo IrIe e AbxAoBHo. B napo4uu [pI,IKa3Kra ce pa3Ka3Ba 3a ceJrfl:avrrr, rofiTO rrpeAcKa3Ban BpeMeTo no npo.flBr,rTe Ha AoMarxIMTe
CI4 XprBOTHr4

3a BpeMeTO nO rrOBeAeHr4eTo Ha V
AI{BKT

AOMarXHr4Te

IrO-TOqHO I,I OT MeTeOpOnOrUgTa.

X(ABOTHI4 I'T NTI4III'I, HA IIOJICKIA

XI4BOTHV, HACE.

KoMr4 r4 Bneqynr. Tarca

onuapure uMar cBog Mereopo-

rotLrs' KoflTo ce ocHoBaBa rrpeAVMHo BT,pxy sa6lrcAeHr4ero Ha rroBeAeHraero Ha oBrlere. Tara uanpulrep 3HagT, qe KofaTo oBueTe He rlacaT c oxoTa, ToBa e
120

Onvapure nporHo3r.rpar xapaKTepa Ha BpeMeTo r,r rro AoeHero Ha oBrlere. Tara s ceBepo[3TotrHllTe qacTrr Ha cTpaHaTa Ka3BaT, qe aKo npr4 AoeHe MLflKOTO npaBl{ MHO|O nflHA t4 Ha[bJrBa rI{nOTO BeApo, To BpeMero rrle ce pa3Balra, a s Braroesr12I

pa.qcKo, aKo fiocne.qHaTa tr3AOeHa oBrla e qepHa, To-

Ba ce rrpeMa KaTo 3HaK 3a AT,XAOBeH AeH.

Cerc4trqr cronaH[H npaBr4 rrporHo3r4 3a BpeMeTo


I4

rro [oBeAeHr,rero Ha .qpyrrd xrrBorHu. Bapna ce,

Lre

[pe3 nqroro, Hapr4L{aHu loperqHuqu, aKo BoJIOBeTe pexaT cbc cryIxeHt4lIraBI4, Or-IaKBa Ce MeKa 3I4B AHr4Te

Ba, KaK 6patt (nouone, nrruzqu) nonaAar ua locno4, npeo6pareH Karo crapeq. Toi [ocne4oBareJrHo rr{ rrura KaKBo qe 6rle BpeMero. llrpeure My Kunarrn, qe qe BaJ7r4 ulrvr BpeMeTo [Ie ce pa3BaJtu, noHexe qyBar rrereJr Aa [po[qBa. Cavo Hafi-Nra-nrz-f,r, q[par(Er,

orroBopr4Jr, qe eAr,rHcrBeno Eor 3Hae KaKBo rrle e Bpe-

Koraro oBrlere H KpaBrdre Jre)Kar r4 cJrarar uraBVTe cr,{ Ha KopeMnre. O6rqopa3nocrpaHeHa e r,r ilpotHo3ara, rre aKo 4o6rartrr,r ,,Lrrpae" rr Ko3I{Hara My HacrpbxBa,3vlMara ce oqaKBa roJIflM cHtf, a [pe3 n.f,Toro roBa e 3HaK aa 4rN4. KoraTo JrsTHo BpeMe BonoBoTe poBsT c poraTa cr{ no noJrero r,r xBbpnrr Hafope rrpr,cr, cbrrlo rqe nalz. llonceMecrHo ce Ka3Ba, r{e Kotaro eApvsr poFar Ao6zlrx
u1e ce pa3BaJrr{
r,r

va. Bpevero

Mero. CercxNgr crorIaHI4H 3Hae, qe Kotaro

KoKoIrrKI,r,

rbCKI/I, IIaTIIIII{ MHOIO Ce IIOIIIflT, TO e Ha JIOIIO BpeMe.

Koraro

3I,{Me AoMarrrHr4Te rrrr{rlr4 cr{ JrerHar paHo, To-

Ba CT,IIIO e 3HaK 3a BJIOTIIaBaHe Ha BpeMeTO, 3a JIOIX

6eperer h tna4na roAr,rna. AtN.q rrle 3aBillu, aKo naTI,IqI,ITe II r"bCKI4Te Ce nOTaII.gT MHOTO BbB BOAaTa, aKO MHoro ce Kbnsr. llporHoru ce [paB.sr rr rro [ponsBaHeTO Ha rIeTJrLITe. TaXa, ano Te

npoueqT ,,6e3 BpeMeo"


Beqep,

e HecrroKoeH, peBe, ny.uysa, BpeMeTo ce pa3Banq.

Toecr uo neo6u.rafino npeue, MHoro paHo

uoue4eru{ero cr{ cBr4Here cr,xlo Morar Aa rrporHo3rzpar BpeMero. Tara Harrpr4Mep, aKo 3IrMHo BpeMe Te HocgT B ycTaTa cz KJIeIIKLI I{JrI{ CJraMa, TOecr crr flpaB.flT ,,flTaK", JletoBt4ufe, To BpeMero ce pa3Banfl r4 Ha Apyrrls AeH rqe Bilirr4 cnsr. Cu,rnoro
KBr4qeHe Ha cBr4HeTe CbUIO e 3HaK 3a

MHOrO [peAr4 rroJryHorrl ToBa e curypeH 3HaK 3a

npo-

Mrlr'A Ha BpeMeTO, aKO e JrOlIO, rt1e Ce Onpanrl U O6:

parHo. Tosa rr1e craHe cJreA ToJrKoBa Er;tvt, KoJrKoro qaca vt:l,r'a or 3axoA cnbHrle .4o rraca, s xofiro ca npoBpeuero xle ce pa3Banla r{ Koraro rrerJIr{Te ce c6ugt vrvr cu JIerHar paHo, rto fiKnHAI{q, a flocJle cTaBaT II 3anoqBaT Aa [eqT. Aro upu 3aJre3 cnbHrle Bcr,rrrKr{ rrrr,rrlrr ce pa3rrerrenl4 [erJII4re.

nolllo BpeMe, a aKo olarrrKHTe vM ca BldqIlaTI1'., rrle Ayxa BflTT,p.

Axo rone r,r Marapera ce rr,pKaJrrr rro 3eMsra r,r rrr,pxar cr{JrHo, [pelcrorrqara 3r4Ma rqe 6r,4e TexKa. Orryr e tr noroBopKara ,,Marape Kota r{rpae, Ha AbxA e".
llporiiosupaHe xapaKTepa Ha BpeMero ce rpaBa
I4 NO TIOBC.qCHI{CTO HA AOMAIIIHI4TE I4 |OPCKUTC TITHIII4.

qT, III4JIIIU, CJIABeId, IIeTJII4, Ka3BaT, qe Ha CneABaIIIXg AeH BpeMero rrle e Karo ua

llerponAeH, BeceJIo, To-

ecr xy6ano. Koraro KoKorrrKr{Te ce cr6upar Ha eAHo M.scro, Ha KyII, IIOXI.ST Ce r{ Ce repqT, IrstAT Cr{ MHO|O paHO,
ToBa e Ha AbxAoBHo BpeMe.
123

I4va HapogHa [pHKa3Ka,

B Koqro ce pa3Ka3Ba 3a
122

ro-

llo noseAeHuero

Ha Ko-

lo_AbntocpoqHr.r lporHo3r{. Tara uanpuMep aKo re 3aloqHar Aa cHa_ crrr nfirya fio-paHo or o6[xHoseHo, To paHo qe.qofi_ Ae 14 rrponerra, a Kofaro ce cry6xr MHoto, ToraBa ce Ka3Ba, qe flponerra r]re rrpoAbnxl4 Axo
14

KorrrKtrTe MofaT Aa ce HanpaBflT

Koraro rqcroBur-IrzTe HaKaqar no rererpa$nraTe xl4qt4 rz ceAtT TaM A:bJrfo BpeMe, ToBa o3HaqaBa, qe u1e Hacrbnrr roJreMr4 ropeurr4Hl4. llo.ssara nrK

HA MHOTO KOCOBC NO NOJICTO CEJICKI{'T CTONAHI4H


rrpr4eMa Karo rroJrr,rq6a sa uacrbrrBax{

4r,lro.

ua4. flecen-

rraTr4rlr4Te 3aCTaBaT Ha eAr4H KpaK, BpeMeTo rrle 3aC_

Ty4ee.

Koraro ce qye, qe K:bJrBar{Lil qyra c KJrroHa

cr4

Ta Ha cnaBef4 paHo cyrpr,rH [peABerrlaBa xy6aeo BpeMe npe3 AeHr. Aro uruqara r{r{HKa rrporree [peAH MapT, 3IIMATA UIe ilpOAT,nXI{ A:bJIlO, IOIXO BpeMe

AbJrto BpeMe, TOBa Ce fipr{eMa KaTO 3HaK 3a Abxn. A xoraro nrldllara ynyBzqa uyryBa,,, ,,BvrKa', Ha rrpr4rreK, BpeMero nle ce onpaBr4. Bpa6qure crrqo AaBar ,,cBe4eHl4fl" 3a xapaxtepa Ha rpevero. Aro
XBTrpqaT MHO|O BI4COKO, OqaKBa Ce BgTT,p, aKO JII4 IIbK MHOrO IIB:bpr{aT, BpeMeTo Iqe ce olpaBII, aKO Ce

cr6upar Ha opnsrlr4, rrre Hacrbrrr4 Jrorxo BpeMe

Ar,x,q tr cH,ar, ilIe r4Ma 6ypir. lleceHTa Ha cr4Hr4repr4Te [peABerrlana xy6ano BpeMe, cJrbHrreBo, a Koraro

Te fie'r ,,Qt4rrvI, cr4rlr4'0, ll{e BanH. lpaveuero na cBpaKI4Te e 3HaK 3a noIIIo BpeMe, a KofaTo MHOTO opnr,r 3anoqHar Aa Kp:b)r(ar n He6ero, cercKusr cro_
rraHr{H or{aKBa AT,XA, AOpH fpaAyrxKa.

cTyA ce oqaKBaT. Bxpoa ce, Lre aKo KyKyBr{rrara KyKa u cleA EuboBAeH, 3l{Mara ule 3aKbcHee H rIIe 6l4e Iraera, a aro cnpe Aa KyKa Ha EuroeAeu r4nr4 rro-paHo, TofaBa ce otraKBa TexKa 3r{Ma. B Hsxow ceJra Ha BapHencro, CrraseHcxo, llaeapAxt4rrrKo ce cperllar roqHo o6parur,rre Ha re3r{ nporHo3r,r. B la6poncxo, aKo KyKyBlrrlara ce cKpile paHo, Ka3Bar, qe 3LIMara ue 6:r.qe
r,r

TonJra.

B CesrlrescKo rIbK [peApllqar Jrorra

3I4Ma,

aKo KyKyBr,ruara cI4 orl4Ae rlpeAu flerpon4eH, a aKo ToBa craHe Aecer.qHr.I cne.q flerpon4eu, 3lrMara IrIe e xy6ana. Ha nsxou Mecra rlprreMar, qe aKo KyKyBI,I-

Cnope4 rrpotHo3ara Ha ceJrcKr4Te crorraHrr cr4neH BrT:bp rqe 3aAyxa, aKo fapBaHl1l U BpaHr4 ce c:b_ 6upar HaKyrr u rerqr c roJrflMo KpsKaHe Harope-HaIony.Axo upelerHr{Te nrr,rrlr4 rrpr4crr4tHar r{ 3arrerr rro-paHo or oOr4KHoBeHo, oqaxBa ce to4rrHara Aa

rrara KyKa

\o21

rouu, Jlorua 3rrMa IrIe vMavI r. u. Ko-

raTO qy.nT, r{e ,,3aqyxa"

6patlt

Ha KyKyBI,IqATA

qpa-

iIT,I, np[eMaT TOBa KaTO 3HaK 3a HaCTbIIBaUIa Cyna.

Aro xyryrnlsBKara 3a[or{He Aa KyKyMsBqI{ Becep vnr4 6yxalrr zalyxa oure or 3axo.q cJIbHIIe, Ka3Bar, ire BpeMero ce pa3Ba-rr.f,. Koraro rITIdIIara coBa, rlJrr4 KaKTo HapoAbr HV s.:aapvqa oil{e ,,[o$Karoro", ,,[roSKa", Toecr nee utn AeH, ToBa cblrlo e 3HaK 3a pa3Banf,He Ha BpeMero. I4:o6qo rloBceMecrHo ce
125

6r4e 4o6pa. Koraro q:bpKeJrrrre r{ JrflcroBr{qvre ew Tpr,rHar or Harrrr4Te 3eMrr MHoto paHo, upe4z I an_, tycT, ToBa ce npl.reMa KaTO 3HaK, qe I4 3r{MaTa IrIe 3arroqHe MHoto [o-paHo v ule 6bAe Jrrora.
124

3Hae H Ce BgpBa, qe KotaTo IITITIII4Te Ca Hec[oKofi_ }Jt4, CTJdVtpaT ce H reT.sT Ha trTa, ToBa e 3HaK 3a JIO-

rrpoTerHaTl4 KpaKa, Ha Epytr4fl, AeH Ce OLIaKBa TOnJIO BpeMe, a aKo e cBzro na xrJr6o, cryAeHo qe e. Ko-

ilro BpeMe r,rnr4 npelcToqrqa. MHoto cTyAeHa 3r4Ma. Cercxusr cro[aHrlH na6lro4ana r{ rroBeAeHuero Ha KOTKaTa B Kbrrlr4, 3a Ia [peAyceTr4 eBeHTyaJrHa
npoM;lHa
B:bB BpeMero.

raro 3t4MHo BpeMe Kyr{erara ce rbpKarqr lr 6ecHeqr rro cHera, ToBa ce [pl4eMa KaTo cl,IrypeH 3HaK 3a cry[, 14 cnsr. Kasea ce oqe, rre aKo Kyqe Bbprl4 3aAHr{IIara cI{ IIo 3eMgra, ,,He e Ha 4o6po". B Co$lrficxo, at4 Ha MHoto Apyrtl Mecra, KoraTO HMa MHOrO MIIITIKI{ [pe3 n.sToTO, OqaKBaT noilra r{ Abnra 3HMa. Aro rpr rIbK MI{IrrKI{re cr6upar unoro xpaHa Ha KyIIqI,IHI4, I,IJII,I aKO ilpaBqT fHe3AaTa cI4
HaA 3eMgra, B TpeBara, cT,Iqo ce oqaKBa JIOrra 3I4Ma.

lnela

ce Ha[pr.{Mep KaK Kor-

Kara e 3aarauarra clpsMo orHr4rrlero - aKo rs e o6lpHaTa 14 tlprml/Iqa Ha o|bH.fl 3aAHaTa CV {ACT, TOBa e
3HaK 3a Abnra rr cryAeHa 3rrMa.

Koraro KorKara ,,npe-

Ae", Koraro cfIL{, Toecr ctrJIHo M:[,pKa Hac:bH, ToBa rIbK

vnoro Mecra Ka3Bar, lle Kotaro KorKara ,,ce MLte", qe 3aBanl{ Abxr, rr ro or ra3LI flocoKa, B Ko.rITo rx ce o6rpue, Kotaro ce rd3vue. fteAa ce cblrlo rr KaK ce MrIe KorKara, Karo ce B.rrpBa, qe aKo rq ce Mrre Ao orbHfl z e o6rpuara KbM I,rltpeB cJrr,Hrle, rpr'lsa Aa ce or{aKBa no4o6paeaHe Ha BpeMero. B lllor4uncKo, aKo KorKara qecro ce [po3flBavI ce 6lvxe, ToBa.qaBa ocHoBaHVe Aa ce or{aKBar cHqr r.{ AT,xIoBe. Ha 4pyru Mecra Ka3Bar, qe JretHe Jrrrr
KOTKaTa B fIefIeJI, BpeMeTo rrle ce pa3Buura, a aKo MHo-

npeABerrlaBa 4o6po BpeMe. Ha

IlporHoru ce rrpaB.sr I{ rro noBeAeHl{ero 14 Ha Apytt4 tIoJICKtr rpl{3a![[, KaTO HaIrpI4Mep IIo ToBa, qe I{Ma Jru MHO|O nanyrepa IIpe3 nf,ToTo, ToBa e culHan 3a rracrblBarrla cyua. Cercxuqr crorraHllH Ha6nroAaBa I,I AI,IBI{Te xxBOTHI{ rr rocKVTe xI{rqHI{III4, 3A Ea HarIpaBI'I cBotTa

[polHo3a 3a BpeMeTo rlpe3 cne.[BaxII'ITe AHI4, CeAMrrrlrl nnv [opv na6nuxar,auIllTe ce3oHra. Koraro AUBer{T'T cnkt3a rlo HI4CKI{Te MeCTa B TIJIaHI4HI4Te Aa
3I{MyBa, TOBa rIOACKa3Ba, qe Ce 3aAaBa TexKa 3I{Ma. Koraro nr4avuara varaBa orlpeAeneH 3ByK, Ka3Bar, TIE ,,JIAEOO, TOBA E CVIIHAT, qC UIE. 3ABATTIIa AbXA I4JII,I
cHqf ; aKo BT,JIIII4Te Ce

ro ce nprarrv'+a Ha cJr:bHrle, Abx(A ule 3aBanu. Orryn e rcpa3Tjr ,,Korrara Jrrr ce Ma3He - ule ce pa:cune (roecr pa3BaJru - 6. a.) npevero". llo [oseAeHr4ero Ha Kyqerara oBqapr4Te cr,rlo npaBqr rrporHo3r4 3a xapaKTepa Ha BpeMero. B IINpr4HcKo na 1 cenreMBpr{, cBerr4 Crzveon JrerHH, ce
raAae 3a BpeMeTo rrpe3 3AMaTa - aKO KyqeTo ce e cBt4Jro ua nlr6o, ure ce 3acrygr,r,r rexKa qe e 3r{Mara. Axo rrbK npe3 HouITa oBqapcKoro Kyqe rexn c
t26

Cr1npat Ha loreMI'I lnyTHI,I(lI

ur Br4gr, ToBa npe.qBelrlaBa BJIoIrraBaHe Ha BpeMero.

B co$r,rficr[Te ceJla, Koraro BlaEfrT MeqKa Aa ce


,,MI,Ie'., Toecr Aa ce lnaAI,I c JIaTIHTe IIO rJraBara, Ka3BaT, qe ue H3ne3e crIJreH BqTbp, I{ TO OT Ta3I4 IIOCOKa, HaK:bAero e o6:spHaJla tJlaBara cu MeqKara.

t27

Pa:sarsne Ha BpeMero ce [peABr,rxlu *o.uroi paB.sr B 3eMrra, ToBa cr,xlo e 3HaK 3a Abx(A. Atxa " cr6apar MHoro opexr4 ra x"m4ra eai rrle Banr4 u Koraro e xy6ano rqrHo BpeMe pu6ure 3r4Mara, a Ar,rBHTe zaittlu ce Kpr,rqr [o AylKr,rre ctr tr noAcKarraT Br4coKo HaA BoAaTa Hacexouure cr,rrlo pearlrpar Ha [poMeH]rre B .qbnro He v3Jrr{3ar or r.sx. lloao6so BpeMe ce oqaK_ Ba Ir KOfaTo KbpTt4rlr{Te rrpaBflT MHOTO rsprr.ruuHN..l annroc$epaTa 14 [opa.qLr roBa MoraT Aa cnyxaT 3a Blevyrure u pu6ure sbrrlo Motar 4a 6apovrerrp Ha ceJrcKr{Te crorraHr4. Tara s pe3ynrar "acouarj Ha ceJrcKr{s crorraHr{H B rrporHo3rdre My au ['b:l'tr4, MnororoA]rurru sa6moEenr4s e ycraHoBe^upunr.pui HO, qe aKo npe3 Jr.rrToTo MpaBKr,rTe 3anolrHaT Ha BpeMero. Taxa, Koraro HouIeM xa6zre ,rrr"rurl Aa Tpyj or BoAHr.rre 6aceituu r4 KpsKar crrJrHo, to crr"4uurqr-i traT Kyrrqr.rHKr4 oT lpibcT, To 3I4MaTa rIIe HacTbrrv pasr AeH ue 6r.4e Jrolr, a aKo 3aKp,aKu, no. A Koraro MpaBKure u:ll.c,ar or MpaBynqqrare r4 "urrporr"r,i 3arroqBaT cryAeHoro BpeMe cKopo ule cB:bprrrr4. Jlouro, cryAe_j Aa ce cKyilqBaT, ToBa e 3HaK 3a cKopo[reH HO BpeMe rr{e HacTbrrr4 H XIe 3ABArLr .qbxA, aro Na-j Abx(A v KwJJa. Crnlo raKa ce Ka3Ba, qe aKo MpaBKLI 6u u paqu v3nr43ar Ha cyxo r4 Koraro ." ,ro"""ri Te x3r.f,3ar BbH or xunrrrrlara cu v ce 4nuxar 6rpMHoro ronr4 oxJrros[. A xoraro Jr{THo BpeMe o*ro-l 30 HanpeA-Ha3a4 necnoxofigo, ToBa cbulo e clrrHzur BI4Te V3II'JI3'BaT HaBVCOKO nO TpeBLITe' pu"ra"r-l 3a AblKA. Ha 4pyrN Mecra rrbK Ka3Bar, qe AbxA [Ie
Karepr,rqKr,{re
I

qTa, TotaBa Ka3BaT, qe ToBa e 3HaK 3a TeXKa BAJTId, aKO MpaBKnre Ce pa3rrr4neqr B pa3nr4r{Hr,r ro3LrMa. llrrs.sr rv rsrHo BpeMe [o nrjrt4uara MHofo . corcu. CruecrByBa HapoAHa Bqpa, qe aKo Ha leprBJIerIyfII, AbXAOBHI,IqLI, 3]|'{14I//., fylrlepI4, oqaKBa Ce Aa boBAeH MpaBKr,{Te He r43Jrs3aT OT MpaByH.rrKa Cr{, TO

v npofHo3ara, Koraro BoAHI4Te 3MuI4 v3lrr43ar Ha cy[rara u 6srat K:LM BI4co_ rtmnvre. Axo no 3eMrra ce Braqar roJreMr{ rrlucrrai
3aBarrt4

.4bxl.

TaKaea e

BpeMero rqe 6r.qe Jrorlo.

[pI4 CnT,Hr-IeB, HO BJIaXeH AeH BqpBaT, Ue OtHOnO qe,[ 3aBarv. Koraro 3MvHTe ce pa3[r,n3sr, ocrassfixtai cnelu r43 cyxaTa npibcT fro Hr4Br4 r4 rro nsTr4Ulara.n ,} Ka3Ba Ce, qe orrle sbrrluq AeH rrle 3aBarrur. Koraro KocreHypKt4Te 3aKpqKat y.ofirro " Me I4 M'CTO, OqaKBa ce oTHoBO JIOIXO BpeMe, u"p.-1 uno| Te ca Ha rrpvfleK r{3Jre3JrtrI, BpeMero o6parHo, u1e el xy6ano. Koraro JrsrHo BpeMe KocreHypKr4t" a" ,u-l
d

LI nqenure Morar Aa ,,rpeAcxa3Bar" BpeMero. Axo no nnaAHe re xBbpr.rar HaA Korrrepr4Te cr{, ToBa e 3HaK 3a Hacrr,rrBaHe Ha roJrsMa cyma. Axo nu nrr rFreJrHTe 6pruuar u 6rpsar ga ce npu6epar B Korrrepvrre cu, To roBa e rrprr3HaK 3a Jrorlo BpeMe. Koraro
EaceKoMHTe KoMapI4, 6:orxu, Ivt1Dil/t, ocv
14

T. H. MHo-

ro xarrqr, rroBceMecrHo ce B-gpBa, lle I4ABa arxl. EyP.'I I]Ie uMa vr KoraTo M)D(aTa, r{apvIl{alla ,,qpbKJrHqa", Hana4a spocrHo xopau.qo6urur. Koraro uasryre 6rpro cx rrJrerar [a.s]o{Hara, Ha MHoro Mecra
129

I28

TBT,pAgr, lle TOBa e Ha ,qO6pO BeMe, a aKo cn pa3Ba-

ru fiaqxnHara, ToBa

e 3HaK 3a JIo[Io BpeMe.

Ta Ha TOIIOJIUTe 3arroqBa Aa Kane Har,I-HaIIpeA oT AonHr4Te KJIoHlr, To 3rlMara B HaqaJloro ule 6lAe
TextKa, a aKo 3arroqHe Aa Karre oTK:bM Blbpxa, TotaBa

Muoro [onynspHu ca lr [porHo3t{Te 3a BpeMero, Korrro ce ocHoBaBar BT'pxy xapaKTepa ua qr$rexa H rrnoAoBr.rrocrra Ha pacreHl4.rra I,I AibpBerara. Thra rroBceMecrHo B pe3ynrar or rIpeKI4Te Ha6moAenraq ceJlcKr{flT cTOTIaHI4H CTAIa IO I43BOAa, qe aKO rlpe3
e

3r{Mara ule 6r.qe

rex(a B Kpa-s cu. B E-rraroeBrpaAcKo ce 3Hae, qe KotaTo Jtr[cTaTa Ha AbpBeTATa ila-

AaT OTtOpe, JreKa 3r4Ma rqe r.{Mar aKo rraAaT oT cpe-

gKbr, ApqH:bT, OBOIITKI4Te, KaKTO H Bcr{r,rKrl uBerq qr$nar rroBTopHo, IrpeAcro.flqara 3r,{Ma rqe 6rAe Aura, cryAeHa I4 Mpa3oBI4Ta. Hxr:s4e,
ceHTa [rI{fIKLITe,
JITOJI

Karo HarrpuMep B Tipuoecxo, TB:bpA.sr ror{Ho o6parHoro, qe 3vIMrra,,ce I43gJIoBq" t4]/'AMa Aa naAHe cHsf.

B Eepxoncxo Ka3Bar, qe aKo eceHHrrsr MI{H3yxap rroKapBa ,,c 6parfl", To 3tlMara qe 6r,,qe ua. Hancxrsge a 6urapcxl4Te 3eMI4 e pa3flocraHeHa [pofHo3aTa, qe KolaTo ce poAsT MHofo ,4peHKI4, KI,ICeJII{III4' JIeIIIHI'IqU, TpT'HKII 14 T' H.,3I4MaTa Ue 6:SAe rexKa. C:srqara nporHo3a ce flpaBlr I{ aKo rlo
Ap:bBqeTaTa r4Ma MHOIO [nOA.

Aara, 3r4Mara ule 6r4e rexra) a aKa 3aloqHar Aa naAar orAoJry, qsnara 3r{Ma rrle 6t4e rexxa. KoraTo Jrr{crara Ha.qbpBerara ce o6tpHar HaAony, ToBa e curypeH 3HaK, rre IIIe 3aBanI,I AbX(I. Xaparreprr Ha BpeMero ce olpeAenr or ceJrcKras crorraHr4H r4 rro Apyr]r npr43Haqr4, trecro cnyuaftrlr4, KaTO HarrpHMep qyBaeMocT'ra Ha 3ByKa r{ exoToTara ce [pr{eMa, qe Koraro B Tr4xo ra cnoKofino seMe rJracoBeTe Ha xopaTa ce rryBaT HaAaJreq, BpeMeTO cKopo ue ce pa3Banu I,I qe 3aBanr,r ABXA. Koraro ce r{yBar ga 6yuar 6rpaeure orAoJry,
TO rrle
BULrrr4

AbXA, a aKO

3ByKTjT r4ABa OTrOpe, OT

ropHr4Te 6'spseu B ropr{Te, To rrle 3a4yxa

nmrp. Ha

Frarrrare cblrlo Morar Aa rloMorHar npl4 [paBeHe nporHo3r4 3a BpeMero. Taxa HaIIpI{Mep aro 6pulxara
KaTprroH I3EABA MHOIO CI4JIeH Mr4pr
Q,

TOlaBa Ce Ka3Ba,

qe ilre naAHar MHoro BzuIexI4. B llerpuuxo ilpofHo3l4-

AbxA e lr Koraro BoAara B peKr4Te cr4rrHo 6yuu neqep, a Koraro peKr,rre ca MbrHr4 r,{ He ce wzlucrpxt 6rpso, ToraBa ce Ka3Ba, qe AbxATjr, rofiro tl1e 3aBaJII{, rqe 6rAe uHoro flpoAbnxuTeJreH. Ha ngxou
MecTa BqpBaT, rle aKo peKr{Te rxyMf,T rlpe3 HorrITa, BpeMero ule ce flpo.scHlr. llo vyraeuocrra Ha 3ByKa

par, qe aKo nponerHo BpeMe rpeBrrre I'I JII4BaAT{Te MHoro 6yftnu,3r4Mara, Kosro rrrBa, ilIe e cryAeHa.

Ca

llporuoru

3a xapaKTepa Ha BpeMero rlpe3 pa3I4

na rau6anr4Te vr xJronqr,{Te sa Ao6urrKa cbulo


npe.[cKa3Ba pa3BaursHe Ha BpeMeTo

ce

JII{I-IHI{TE CC3OHI4 CE IPAB'T II IIO TIOJIOXEHI{ETO

Hafi-seqe Iro HarII4Ha Ha oKarIBaHe Ha Jlucrara Ha A:bpBerara. lloeceNaecrHo ce rrpveMa, qe aKo IxyMat30

Crcrosuuero Ha HqKor.{ croKr{ cbrrlo Moxe Aa IIOACKaXe Ha r{OBeK rIpOMeHI4Te, KOI4TO IIIe HaCTbT3I

flqr

Tara ce 3Hae, r{e Koraro npl4 xy6aeo npeue coJrra I4JITI TlorroHsr ce HaBJIaxHgBar, BpeMero xre ce npoMeHV, xle 3aBanl4 AbxA. Tarosa
BbB BpeMero. BpeMe ce Hlar^ara rr oqaKBa r4 KoraTo oMeKBa

!.prlja, Kor{To Tpa.qr4rIHoHHo Ce npaBflT rrpeAr,{MHo Ha ErAnu Ber{ep, r4nv rrpe3 TpilTe ,,rpraSynqz'o (rouro

r.

KoxaTa Ha cJIaH. IIIynne rI4 MrsKoro B rbpHerara, B

(l

ca rbpBr,rre AHr,r or Senpyapz) r,r Ha cBerra Cuueon ceurerrnprz). llo rqx ce raAae 3a BpeMero rrpe3

BCIMKLTTe |OAIIIXHT,I MeCeqU TaKa: cTotraHKIITe IIOCTaB.ST MULIIKO COn B ABaHaAeCeT nyKOBI4 JIFOCnH, KaTO

TpoxHcxo oqaKBar A:bnq4oBe.

rorflT" t Jttl3r AOBeTe Ca BJIaXHH, XOpaTa Ka3BaT, LIe IIIe 3aBaJII4. Crrqoro ce oqaKBa I{ Kotaro ,,ce florflT" tlpe3 nqroTo KorJIVTe, rrbJIHH c BoAa. flo orT nq B orHl,Irlero cibxlo Morar Aa ce [paBsr rala:Fl]1ls 3a BpeMeTo [pe3 cneABarrlr4Te AHIa. ftNa xle 3aBaJII4 I,I BpeMero ure ce pa3Banl4, Kofaro otbH.f,T npl4tll4qa, XJII{ KaKTO Ka3Bar ,,[ee", r4 Koraro AI{MII ce o6prqa o6parHo n KoMrrHa, 6eg.qa HMa Bqr:bp, I{JII4 aKo AI,{MBT fia4ar.aKoraro
creHI4Te Ha K:brur{Te ,,ce

rrtraapvlv.ar Ha BceKV

eAr4H

or

Meceqr.{Te. Ha

cle4na-

4oly. llax

Ha norrro BpeMe e I4 aKo rlyrrreK:br,

I43JII,I-

3arrl oT KoMuHa, ce pa3cTl4na HI4cKo Ha.q rIoKpI,IBa. llpnelra ce, qe aKo IIeITeJITa B otHldlrlero e cuHgBa, a
Bbpxy B:brureHl4Te ce cr6upa 6qra neuer, TotaBa 3H-

Mara ule 6rAe unoro cHeroBI{Ta. Aro or KoMrrHr{Te rra.qaT MHoro caxArr, BpeMeTo cblrlo IIIe e nomo. B uapo4uara Mereoporlots I4Ma MHoro flpeAcrlA3antr4fl, tIOqLIBaXIfi Ha paIII4OHaJIHI{ 3HaHIlIg U sa6-

uaTa yTpr4H ce DreAa B Kos oT Jrrocrrr4Te coJrTa ce e croIII{JIa t{ [porHo3l4par, Lre ro3I,I Meceq, ua rofi.to e HapeLreHa c:borBerHara JIIocra, u1e e .qbx(AoneH. Te3u ta4all:as. ca rvlvtrrnvl qblrlo raKa 3a lepruongen. Cpeuy Izlnraron4en (20 4er<evrnpu) na ceKr,rpa cnarar xI4B BbrJIeH, xofiro aKo craHe Ha rrefleJl, o3HailaBa, qe IIIe r{Ma rrno.qopoAr.re IIpe3 roAr,rHaTa. Ha E:s4Hu Ber{ep (24 4erenanpz) n uo4ut4rJara, B KO.fiTO e IIeqeH 3eJIHI{KEI, CJIaIaT B6nreH}I - IIO eAraH 3a BceKrr rrpoAyKT. llocle ta4asr:. xofiro strJreH ce cTorru rr cTaHe Ha rrefreJr, To3v npoIyKT rrle ro LrMa s I4go6r4rr4e. la4amug,3a xapaKTepa Ha BpeMero ce lpaBqr r,r no pa3rronoxeHrrero ua pu6w1ara, vltv Ha AarraKa Ha ,,KoJraAHura" (3ar:laHoro 3a Kole4a nace). Aro
Te ce HaMIdpaT no-Ha3a.q, Ka3BaT, qe V 3uMaTa ule e

Ha cyeBepl4fi. Tarosa Halpl4Mep e BtpBaHero, qe aKo BoAa or A:bxA BJre3e n rpo6a Ha Mr,prBe[. npeAl4 rofi Aa e norpe6aH, Ir1e npoAbn>Kr4 Aa BanI'I AbxA [pe3 Ilent Meceq. llo.rusaqu Ha cyeBepl4s. ca v pa3nI4r-IHI4Te taaanj^Itrs.3a BpeMeTo I4 peKonTaTa rlpe3 HABauIara foJrroAeHr4q, lpe.qcKa3aHr4fl, rroquBaql,I
132

[o-Ha3a.4, TOeCT tIIe HaCTbnI4 IIO-Kt,CHO. AI(O Aa.raKET Ha cBIdIlfrTa e A:btrT,f KbM tbp.u,ITe, ToBa e 3HaK,

qe 3I4MaTa e MUHZUIa, a aKO e AbIT,t KbM 3aAHaTa qacr,3vtMara rrle e rexKa KbM Kpas. Aro 4alarm e
Ae6en KbM rJlaBara. o3HaqaBa, qe 3rrMara olrle He e
MaHaJra
14

cryAoBere rerr:bpBa ule AofiIar. Aro 4ar33

JIaKT,I

KOeTO npsKo OTpa3-flBa KOHKpeTHHTe B3aI'IMOBpb3KI,I e I,I3TbHqeH I4 [pOTOqeH KbM Kpaf,, ToBa ce TbnKyBa KaTo Abnta 3r4Ma, a aKo e paBeH, 3r4Ma H.fl- B IIpI4pOAaTa pI HerIOCpeACTBeHaTa 3aBI4CIIMOCT Ha Ma Aa !rMa. KOTaTO Ae6enprqT Kpafi Ha cBr,rHcKrrfl.Ua- peKonTaTa rr TIJIOAOBI4TOCTTa Ha ilo6r4T'L'Ka oT xapaKTepa Ha BpeMeTo npe3 pa3nI4r{HHTe Ce3OH}I. JIaK e OT A.flCHaTa CTpaHa, 3UMaTa ilIe 6T,Ae AT,JIta, a Eleltenrrare B rIpeAcraBI{Te aa aruoc$epHlrre Koraro e or rqBara, :nflvra aa vrMa 3r{Ma. Koraro 1ITAH1,7;3ATa Ha KOJT9AHaTA CB:n:ar. e nO-Ae6ela OTII- sBIIeHr4s' I'I B HapOAHaTa MeTeOpOIOrI4-s, KoI4To He

peA, OTKO1KOTS OT3aA, 3I4MaTa IIIe e JIOma pI roJlqMa. Ha npa3Hr4Ka Ha cBerr{ Cuvreon oBr{apr.rre raAa-

IIoqIlBaT Ha paqI4OHaJIHa OCHoBa, Ca ecTeCTBeH pe3ynrar or cla6nre, olpaHl4qeHu I'I HeHayrIHI4 tlo3Ha-

fr

Ao HlI.s B]'pxy [poqecl4Te B rlpl4poAara. Te ce ocHaBaBaT IIpeAI4MHo Ha HfiKOI4 cpaBHeHl4fl v. aF{AIlol-?lkl, OBIIeTe II Ha cyTpI,IHTa tJIeAaT AaJIII xtHBoTHI{Te ca Harqfarg Bbpxy ApT,xKaTa ir, roero ce rrpzeMa Ka- KoI4To ca c:bBbplxeuo $opnaaITHvt, I4IIV Ha rI]IcTo To 3HaK sa Ha6rraxaBaula Jlrora 3trMa. H.flrt.qe ua cttyuaitnu cbBrIaAeHI{t, HgMaqra HIaKaKBa Bpr,3Ka
3a BpeMero raKa: cJrarar

lpalya

B Korrrapara

EsAsz Ber{ep taAasT 3a BpeMeTo u IIo I43racBaHeTo Ha BbtJreHlrTe, c KorrTo e rrpeKa,UeHa 6t4uuneuepcKara rpa[e3a. flpe3 JrflToro Ha cBerrr Bsronovtefi, KOtaTO r,{3rpee cb3Be3ArreTo Blacure, OBqapLITe xB:bpnqr roqtara cr4 cpeA craAoro r,{ Ha6nro4aBar

IIoMeXAy cll, KaTo Hanpl4Mep ta4aHr4frTa 3a peKonno IIBeToBere na ue6ecnara Abla, rro noBeAeHl{ero Ha AoMarrlHara KorKa [peA orHl4xlero, npeAcKa3aHVqTA 3a nnO.qOpoAI{eTO IIo IIOB9AHI,IeTO Ha ro6I4Tr,Ka. llpra re:n npe.4cra3aHvIfl.Bce rraK e HzuII4Aanv oKono He.f, u1e HansraT qepHr4 oBrle, KoeTo ce IIe Ir3BecrHo na6-uro.qeHHe B:Lpxy rloBTapqql4 ce sBrrpr4eMa Karo 3HaK 3a Jrotua 3r,rMa. AKo osqere ca6e- reHl4q' fioxaro r. Hap. [peAcKa3aHns. ta!.a:u:as., KaKTo Beqe 6e or6els:aHo, ror{I4Bar eAI4HcrBeHo Ha cyIyr,3trMara ce or{aKBa Aa 6t.qe nera. VI raxa B HapoAHara MereopoJrorr{.r{ BJrr43ar eBepHa ocHoBa. Tyt< c:srqo ce BKJIIoqBaT 14 npofHo[peAr4MHO [potHo3tr 3a xapaKTepa Ha BpeMeTo, KO- 3I'ITO, KOI{TO Ce npaBqT I]o c:bHItUaTa. B saxr]oqeHne rpx6na Aa ce Kax(ar n H.sKorKo r.rro ce ocHoBaBar Ha rpaAr4rrr{oHHrr ilo3HaH[q ta Ha KoH6perHr.r Ha6lrogenufl Br,pxy arMoc$epHrlTe .aB- ,1yMH sa ycrofi'rrzBocrra na 6raryaaHe Ha npeAcrarre14g, Bbpxy He6ecHr4Te rena, BT,pxy noBeAeHnero Bvffe 14 P.flpBaHuflTa 3a arMoc$penrure sBrelal4fl. 14 Ha AOMaTITHV] H A],1IBL1 )rcr4BOTHr{ r4 frTt4rlr4, HaceKoMr4,, HapoAHaTa MeTeopoJlolilfl. llpeo6la4aBaxll4ffT paTaTa

Bbpxy

Ha pac.Tae:afl. I{ AtpBeTa. KarrOi III4OHaI9H eJIeMeHT B HapOAHOTo IIpOlHO3I,IpaHe Ha Beqe 6e or6erq:aHo, B rro-toJrsMara qacr or re3rri npevero o6scttssallxrl3HeHocrraHare3l4[porHorrpotHo3r,r npeo6lagaBa paql{oHaJlHoTo tIo3HaHHe. [ 3H, 3aIIa3eHI{ IIo QVITaTa Ha TpAI4IIufrTa 14 Ao .qHec,
CbCTO.sHr4eTO
I

134

r-is

ocodeHo cpe.q rro-Bb3pacrHoro HaceJreHtle. 3uaquTeJrHo uo-6rpao orMl{par npeAcraBl4Te 3a arMoc$epnure flBrenr4fi I,I [porHo3l4Te, rIoqI4BaIrII,I Ha I4parrr4oHaJrHa ocHoBa, KaKTo

llpNroNeurae

llp oruos vrp ane Ha BpeMeTo crrop eA p a3nr4qHu KpuT epvvr


Rpumepufi flpoznosu

rap.anr4flTa.

flporlrornre

IIO OTAEJIHV TH'I, OT CEAMI4IIATA I'IJI'I IIO H.'IKOI,I KAneHAapHr,r [pa3HI4IIu HLIKora se ca 6unu rrpueMaHI4 TBbpAe ceppro3Ho Lr oule B HaqaloTo Ha HaruI4g Be( ca sa6paneHz Karo HeAoKa3yeMu u r^atrButl

fo4raruura BpeMeHa
Ftrporer

CreA urur4Ba lponer r4ABa r:L,xloBHo Jrrro. llporeruara M:bnra e BpeAHa 3a rIoceBI{Te. Tana, KbAero ilpe3 rrponeTTa rrpofibpMr.r 3a [p:bB
IIBT - OTKTbM 3anaA HJIU CeBep, TaM npe3 nflToro rqe 6ze rpa4.

TO

Ko,rxoro ro-KEcHo [porbpMr4 rrpe3 rrpoJleTTa, TOJIKOBa rro-urolopoAHo xle e nqToTo. Paulausl nponereH AT,xI [peABerqaBa cJIaHa HaeceH.

Koraro [ponerHr4Te yrpr{Hr4 ca cry.


O6peaua KyKna upu o6uuafi ,,Mapa rtruraHKa"
AeHr{, TOBa e 3HaK 3a CyIIIa npe3 n.fiTOTO.

JIsro

Axo rsroro e ropexlo r4 cyxo, To 3r4MaTa ilIe e cTyAeHa r4 cHexHa. foperqo r-sro - Jrrora 3LrMa, xJraAHo JISTO - MEKA 3I{MA. Cry.ueuu JrerHr4 yrpr,rHrr rpeABeilIaBaT Cyrxa.

Axo :rgroro e MHoro A:b)r(AoBHo, To 3r{Mara irle e cryAeHa, Ho 6e: cnsr. Crygeurare JrerHrr Hoxlpr Bol.sr cyIJJa) A KOfaTO Ce CTOIIr_ST, .4T,XA qe
BA"TV.

O6peaua $Nrypa npu o6uuafi ,,lepMaH"


136
137

Ecen

Koraro eceHTa e

MbrJIHBa, 3plMara rrle e MHoro cHexHa.

Jr.sroro

Koraro t[Hyapv e 6e: cusr, To ]oJrrz


u1e e 6e: AT,xA. |o-n.fiv cHqr rpe3 trryapv fipeABeuraBa forsMo rrnolopoAr,re [pe3 toAr4Hara 14 o6paruo. Axo nporlpMr4 rrpe3 flHyapv, Jrrroro lr1e 6rAe BerpoBHTo, r:bxAoBHo u

cryAeHo, u o6parno.

Cyxa eceu BoAI,I AbxAoBHa npoJler. Cry,uena eceH rIpeABenIaBa MHoto rrnoAopoAHa roAlIHa. Arco eceHra e MHoro ronJla, a 3vl.na. TA Bal''W, qe I,{Ma npoAbn}Ifl,{TeneH cryA. Aro ecenno BpeMe,qyxar MHoto BerpoBe, To oBonIHI,ITe A:bpBeTa rIIe po4rr xy6an nnoA.
3nnaa

Axo xHyapr4 e Jrolr, To nponerra qe e 4o6pa.


Hona roArrna (1 sH.) Kaxeoro e BpeMero Ha ro3r4.qeH, TaKoBa xle 6r,Ae ll npe3 rlenr4r Meceq. Kl4ero rra4He MT,tJra Ha Hoea toAt4Ha, rrpe3 Jrrroro qe 6ue rpa4. Airo Ha Hoea ro4uHa BaJrLt cHqf, To no llerponAeH xre Banv AbxA. Axo sarlr cHflr Ha Hosa roAraHa, To 6y6ure ue ca ao6pra. AKo na rosz AeH e .rrcHo, MHoro arHeTa nle ce po-

HerrnoAopoAHo.

Pano nacrrtrvlrara 3I4Ma rlre AoBeAe 4O uloAopoAl,Ie. CryAenara 3I,IMa BoAt4 ropeuo nsro. CreA sraN(a 6ez cH.fir L,IABa MHoro
Ab)KAOBHO JI'TO.

Koraro B Haqanoro 3l4Mara


cryAeHa, B Kpaq cr{ parHo.

qe e ronla

Pr

o6-

Cnerosura 3I4Ma rIpeABeIrIaBa MHoro [noAopoAHo nsTo. Aro sLIIvIara e KLIIrraBa, IlnoAopoAero ule e cla6o. Cyxa rravra cblrlo e na cta6 6epexer. AKo gplMe I4Ma MHoro BIIeJII,IqI, [pe3 JrrToTo MHOIO nqeJII{ IIIe ce potT.
3ravrnrare rpbMoreBI,IIIH npeABeIIIaBar cra6o rnogopoAlle I4 Mop no Ao6IaTbKA.

4rr. Axo e o6,.ra.{Ho }I

BaJrrr cH.[t,

MHO|O rrqejrr{ u]e ce HaposT npe3

fo-

ilvllaTa. Axo sa Hosa roAraHa [porbpMrr or

3afraA, xpaHaTa ule e cK:btra, a aKo IrporbpMr,r oT rr3ToK, ilIe e eBTVHa.

flrpnure
12 alrw
Ha flHyapu

lloxa:sar
HATA.

KaKBo ule 6l4e BpeMero npe3 IBaHaAeceTTe Meceqa Ha foAr4-

Ha ro:revrure
noAopoAHa.

3I,IMHI4 npa3Hr'Iul{ aKo e

MHO|O CTyAeHO, roApIHaTa IrIe e Hen-

flonosa Koreaa (5 nu.)

Aro sa ro3r{ AeH 3aMpr,3He Kr{TKara, c Ko_f,To rlotll6r pbcr4, 3I4MaTa tIIe e
cry.4eHa
r4

Mecequ u olpeAeJIeHIr AHn B T-flx


flHyapu

Axo cperqy BororueHr4e. HorrITa


poAHa.

AT,nra.

o6rauHa, To roAr.rHara rrle e ilnoAo-

mru Ce.rro) ra qe

(fo-

Aro

lolsv

ceqKo e 4o6rp, nponer6:s.qe BJIaxHa I{ Abx.uoBHa' a


138

Eorosnnenrae

(Bosuqr) (6 nHyapu)

Axo sa ro3r{ AeH BpeMero e MeKo, rrpe3 roArlHara Irre Iavra rrsoro 6oJIeCTI{, a aKO e MHOTO CTyAeHO, IOAI,I-

Hara rrle e 3ApaBa. Tavr, r:s4eto HMa M:brna na EorossJreHr4e, TaM ule naAHe rpaA [pe3 nqroro. Aro e -ficHo r,r cryAeHo Ha Boilvtr\v, oBrIeTe 14 afHeTaTa ule ca 3rpaBr4. Axo nva cHrr Ha ro3I,I ,IIeH, u{e r4Ma MHoro [LreJrr4. Karo 4yxa raT:bp Ha Bo4uqn, rofi ure Ayxa [pe3 rlqnaTa roaHHa.
LlnanonAeu

aKo BaJIII CH.sr Ha TO3H AeH, JITTOTO UIe e IbX(AOBHO, UapeBI,IIIaTa CT,IIIO u1e e ro6pa. Aro na ,,rpu$yHrlr4Te" (urpnure rplr AHr,r Ha $enpyapz) BpeMeTo e gcHo, foAI,rHaTa IIIe e IIIOAopo.qHa.

Ha Te3r,r AHI4, C:bIIIO Ce r{aKa nnoAopoIr4e.

Ano sarr4 cnfli ult:a A:bxA

Mapr

lrxnoneu Mapr
AoBHo

nperBeulaBa Abxnrro. Mapr aKo e Kr4rrIaB, JIqToro rr1e e cyxo. Koraro e cyxo [pe3
KOTaTO

(7 nn.)

Aro ga ro3u .ueH HsMa JIeA, rqroro :r.flv,a ila e 3ApaBo. Kaxsuro ca rro IrIeaHosAeu cryAeHIrHI{Te, TaKIrIBal ue ca no l-lerpoe.[eH TonrIrIH]ITe.
Axo sa ro3r4 AeH BaJIsr cH.sr I4 AbxA, ro.qrrHara rrre e [noAopoAHa. Aro Ha To3r,r AeH BpeMero e 4o6po, cn:bHIIe rreqe, npe3 $eopyapn ue I4Ma Mpa3.

Mapr, noceBr.rre qe 6:s4ar go6pu, a

Ea6uuAen (8 nu.)

e AT,X.qOBHO, [OCeBI4Te Ce rroBpexAar. Koraro tbpMrr npe3 MapT, ule r4Ma cyma IIpe3 toArrHaTa. lpmrorenuqa [pe3 Mapr rrpelBerrlaBa olqe nno.qopoAl4e, IIT,JIHI4 6l.rex c B\rHo, opexhre rqe ca lrynnnnz. Axo BaJTH Ha 1 rvrapr, qqnara roArIHa xre e A:bx(IoBHa. Aro Ha ro3ri AeH e cyxo, c)axo III,e e !I JIqToTo.

AragaconAen Or Ae6elunara Ha cHera Ha ro3I,I Braronerqe (18 nn.) [eH ta4aflT KaK:bB ue e 6epererr,r ulae (25 uapr) rrpe3 n{Toro. Ha caeru Arauac 3r4Mara cll oruBa.
(Denpyaplr

Ha rosu AeH Torrnoro uz6una nag 3eMqra. Kansoro e BpeMero Ha ro3r4 AeH, TaKoBa rrle e v npe3 r-sroro. AHo

(Ma.nrn
ceuno)

Mar:sx celrKo aKo e rottbJl, BerqrIeH rle e cryAeH.

e qcHo BeMeTo Ha To3rI .qeH, oBotrll{flTa ilre ca go6pu, a aKo He e tcHo, He ule Aa ca 4o6pu.

Axo upe: $enpyapn KorKara ce rpu- Anpul flr,{qa Ha cJr:bHIIe, IIpe3 Mapr rfl I]Ie ce Kplre Ha rorrno. Aro uporupvu upet, Seepyapn, xpaHI,ITe ule ca cKbrII{, a, roAr4Hara ure 6'bne A'bxAoBHa c rpa-

Koraro vMa

aJra:aa rrpe3 anpr{Jr

rr

cTyAeHo, roAr4HaTa He xle e flnoAopoAHa. Aro aupzl e A:bxAoBeH, roIr{}{aTA ilIe e [noAOpOAHa.

AyrriKr4.

Axo sa Tpn$oHonaeH (1 $erprul)f Banr,r Ar,xA, TO npoJlerra xle e AbxAOBHa, KOIXeppITe ule ca TIbJIHI{,
r40

i Maii

ftNgonen vafi - rnolopoltre

rpaft. Axo npe: trafi qecro ce BArrtar BHXpyruKt4 r4nr.r rrbK cyTpr4Hr4Te ca cryAeHu, ule r.rMa cyma.
141

6es

leprronqeu

Axo ua ro3v AeH cJrbHrrero rr3fpee B Maraseenu o6ran, [pe3 roAuHa'ra ilIe [aAa MHo- flHIT ro rpan. Axo earra ,qbx4, rqroro ule e c)D(o, a aro He BaJIr4, IIIe e Abx{AoBno. Banz nlr A6xA Ha lepruon4eH, oqaKBa ce [noAopoAue. KlAero [aAHe MbrJra ua leprsoBAeH, TaM qe rara rpaA rpe3 nrroTo. Kora lep- Cenreunpu rboBAeH e MT,rJrqB, Ao6umxtr ure e 6o-nHas. Kolxoro guu upequ lepfboBAeH rrporbpMH, TonKOBa rrapfi
rrle cTpyBa xHToTo.

Tosa ca AHr4Te or I ro 12 atryc-t u rro T.rrx ce [potHo3r4pa BpeMeTo npe3 ABaHaAeCeTTe fOAXrrrHI,I MeCeqa. Axo sa rrbpBn, BTopt4 r4 Tperrl aBrycr e roperro, To sHyapr4, $enpyapn u Mapr rrle e cryAeHo ra o6paruoro. Cyx cenrerraBplr, MoKbp oKToMBprr.

KaKrero e AeHrr Ha cBerrrr Czueon (1 cerrevrnpn), raxtn u1e e rlerusr


AeKeMBpr{.

IOHra

Kaxtsro e roHr4, TaKbB qe e IeKeMepn. Koraro na EnrosaeH (24 ronra)


oBr.rapcKoTo Kyqe .Jrexr4 cBr4TO

rbr6o, ule
MCKA.

Ha
e

r,rMa MHoro cryAeHa 3I4-

Ma, a aKo e npocHaTo, 3I4MaTa Ule

peAenqT xapaKTepa Ha BpeMeTo 3a 12-re uecerla Ha ro.qr,rHara. Aro Ha Kprcrongen (14 cenrelanpvr) BanH .qbxA, foAr4HaTa rrle e lnoAoBT4TA.

Aro na cBerr4 Czueon e -scHo, eceHTa qe e ToIrJra, a 3vtMaTa * cHexHa. flrpnure 12 guu Ha cerrreMBpr,r or-

flerpongen (29 rcnu) IO;ru

Axo ua ro3r4 AeH Ayxa BflTbp, no KoneAa rrle BaJrr4 cHrr.

Orrolrnpr.r

IOxen Bsrbp rrpe3 oKToMBpu npeABerr{aBa cKoporueH cHst.

rorz (ropequnrlzre), ToJroBa rro-JnoTa rqe e 3r,{Mara. Or npevrero npe3 Te3r, TpH AHt{ Ce CbAr4 3a BpeMeTo
npe3 AeKeMBpr.{, sHyapu u $enpyaplr.

Kolroro.ca [o-ropeqx 15,

16

u lj [erxonAeH

Arco Ha flernosAeH (14 orrorranpu) BpeMero e 4o6po, nafimr,rrrpoBAeH rr{e e nouo. Ha rosIa AeH aKo tpee cnbHIIe, 3l4Mara 6raea rona, a Kotaro BaJrr4 Abx.q, rqe e 4o6pa.

Llrurn4en (20 rcun)

Anrycr

Ha l4nul.ln,oBorux- ,llpruurpon rTa ule ce noBpeAflT, OpexhTe rrle ca seu (26 orr.) ilyfinr.IBpr r4 lIepBr4BH, a BT,THOTO rrle e ao6po. Hoeunpu Cyx aerycr - cyxu 6'sueu, AbxAoBeH aBrycr - rrbJrHu 6sqBl,r.

Aro nportpMr4

Kaxeoro e BpeMero Ha ro3ra

TaKoBa lle 6rle Ao KoleAa. Axo BaIwr, rqe BaJrkr u ua leprtoB.qeH.

AeH,

Cna6a 3vMa rrpe3 HoeMBpr,r Bo.qr4 Ao HennoAopoAue. Aro na cueru ApxaHreJr (8 uoerranpn) e .ncno r naAHe craHa,3eJlero qe e Ao6po r,r Ao rrbpBI4 AeKeMBpVt liflllA Aa Banr{ CHsr.
143

142

.{exeunpu

Muoro cHqr [pe3 AeKeMBpr4 o6euaBa torqMo nnoAopoAr4e. Karguro ca


HATA.

rrbpBzre 12 anu Ha AeKeMBprr, TaKr{- Egrp porar Ba rrle ca u l2-te Meceqa npe3 foAr4- JIo6IITbK

flonegeHr4eTo Ha x{r{BorHr/rre Koraro BoJroBe u 1usoru ce 6op.rr,


cHsr e. Koraro roBeAara MHoto ulpbKnesr, e Ha tpal. Koraro cyMTsr Harope, oqaKBa ce 6ypx. Koraro Ao6urrxm peBe r,{ Mrapurrre KbM eAHa cTpaHa, oT Tas cTpaHa rrle ce pa3Banr,r BpeMero. Koraro BoJTBT v KpaBaTa MHOTO Ce I43MOpqBaT, fIOTqT Ce r,{
tpaq\. Axo eorosere HorrIHo BeMe Myirar, Jro[ro ule e BpeMero. Aro 6zBOJII4Te LgfaT B:bB BOAaTa 3I4MHO BpeMe, BpeMero ce pa3Banr. Koraro toBeAaTa MHoro cJIaMa qAaT, TO e 3HaK 3a [pOAT,nXI,{Te:rHa Sl4rvra. KoraTo r.f,THo BeMe toBeAaTa Br4pHaT orarrrKrr u 6nran, AbxA u tpail r44ar.
r43IIJIe3BaT e3IIK, TOBa e 3HaK 3a AT,XA

poBqT 3eMgTa, Tr{lIaT I{ MHOTO peBaT, BpeMeTo ce pa3Balq, Ha BsTT,p, AbXq u

llrnaronAen (20 ren.)

AHo ua ro3u AeH BpeMero e qcHo, rrpe3 allpun IlIe e cyma, a aKo BaJrr4 cHqf, anpzn il{e e AbxAoBeH r4 rrle
I4Ma [nOAOpOAr4e.

Ergnn Beqep Aro na ro3r,r AeH BpeMero e xy6aao, (24 aer.) IIpe3 aBtycT rrle e cylra, a aKo e IbxAOBHO, UIe BanH.

Pox4ecrno Xpucrono (25 rer.)


CeAtvrrl.rHra

Ha rorn AeH aKo e MHoro cryneHo, 6orara peKonra ce olraKBa npe3 r,rAHaTa roAr,rHa.

Koraro 3r{Me B [oHeAenHr4K e qcHo,


Ha cneABarrlr4s. reH ule e o6laqno. Ko-

AHII

Ha ro3r4 AeH BpeMero e 4o6po, B CpflEa pr rreTbK rrle ce pa3Banr,r. Koraro 3uMe B cp.rrAa I4 rrerbK BpeMeTO e Jrolro, [pe3 ApytHTe AHH tUe e

raro

Kone

Koraro KoHere r4rpafrT vrltvttr xarrrr


MHOrO MyXI4 X Te nOCTOflHHO KJTTIMaT c rJraBa, ,q:EXA rrle BaJrr4. Tlpralar

Ao6po u o6paruo. B cpr4a, rrerbK fi HeAens aKo BpeMeTO e Jrolro, B Apytr,rTe AHr4 lIIe e xy6aso. B nerrr aKo BpeMero e rcHo, cKopo Orqra
npeABeuraBa pa3BanqHe Ha BpeMero. ,,flerbK rte-, r.re, HeAerq reqe'o (nap. noronopxa)

rrr4

ce KoHeTe, pa3Bans ce BpeMeTo Koraro cr4JIHo nbpxar, cr,rrlo ce pa3-

BaJIg..

qe ce pa3BanH. Mnoro ropeu rrerbx

Axo onqure ce c'r6npar Ha Kylqr,rHr4 Aa [acaT v BbpBgT cneA oBqapq, ToBa e 3HaK, qe BpeMeTo cKopo ilIe ce
pa3Banr,r. Jlere aro oBr{rdre JraKoMo rlacaT, e Ha IT,XA, a 3L,IMe - Ha CHgt.

B cr6ora

aKo BaJrr4 AbxA, Irrnara

cneABarrla ceAMr4rla

qe e lo6pa.

Aro :vrre oBurrre lgiarurar MHoro

Ha

xpaHa, 3I4MaTa IIIe e .qT,nta I4 TexKa. Eces aro oBrlere sAar cyxa [ryMa, ue vlv'a cKopo cHsr. Koraro oBrlere sAaT Mbxa no A:bBeTaTa. r]le 3aBaru
145

144

AbxA. Koraro oBrlere cr s.Ear BTrll:^ara, 3vrv'ara ure e roJlflMa. Koraro oBrrere ce 6un'r, Brrbp ue 3aAyxa. Koraro ca Mbp3enr{Br4 ll B'bpBqr c Ha- Murunr,l BeAeHa rJraBa, Ha Abxr e. Koraro cu
BbpT.gT 3I4Me OIIaIIKI{Te,

raTo ce flpnfinqa Ha cJrbHIIe, IIIe Ba-

ru.

cuxr. flrpxa'r Itu oBrIr{Te, go6po ure e BpeMero. Ere.sr Jrrr 3r4Me MHoro, Ha cHflt e.

ilIe

3ABAIU

Mgoro Mr,rrrrKr4 npe3 nsroro [peABexlaBar ma4. Mnoro MprrrrKr/r npeABerrlaBar nrora 3r,rMa. 3.na:uua ue I,rMa pr aKo MHrrrKr4Te cr6upat MHoto xpaHa v rlpaBqr roJreMr4 Kynqr,rHfi. KoraTO rroncKr4Te Mr4ruKrr 3apaBsT rpo3Ae

Kosr

Koraro Ko3ure cn BT,prsr tJraBr4Te,


yIIIiITe, TpOIIaT C KpaKa Lr KJrerrar c yrrrrl, 6oprr ce r{ MHoto ce MyIXKaT C pora, Ha AT,x.q u cHqt e.
LILICTTT CLI

flo Jlo3tra, Ha Jlo[ra 3LtMa e. Muoro nanyrepl4 aKo ce [oqBqT [pr,rBer{ep, e ua xy6ano BpeMe.
Br.irqu u
AIIBCq

Koraro
3r,{Ma

Ar.rBer{Tir cntv&a B HI{cKvre MecTa ra3 ropaTa Aa 3r,IMyBa, TeXKa

Cnr.rne

Koraro cBr{Here MHoto urparr r4 Hoc.gT B ycTaTa cII KJreqKI,I, C]tsr'{]- VIJfi|

AbxI rrle BaJr.rrr. 3raNae csuHere Kota


vffpaflT B Koqr,rHaTa, tpyxTrT MHofo. cHqr xre sarz. JLsrHo BpeMe aKo poB_rrT B 3eMqTa, A:bXA IIIe I4Ma. Kyue

rI{

ce oqaKBa. Brnqure Kotaro ce c's6upa't Ha craqa 14 BwflT MHoro, e Ha nolro BpeMe. Btnqure aKo BIaflT Beqep, e ua xy6aeo BpeMe. Koraro nvcr4r\ara MHoro JIae, ue Ba-

Koraro Kyqero ce npra6epe paHo

tr

Koraro gafiqnre ce Kpr4sr ulne v:lv3aT, BpeMeTO Ce pA3BAJIfl! a KOtaTO


t{3[fl3aT, OIIpaBfl
Ce.

cHqr.

Tbpcr4 TorrJIo MqcTo, cB!{Ba ce I{a KbJI-

6o, apevero ce pa3Banq rr

toJrsM

Koraro

eJIeHLITe cr{JIHo

Myrlar, e Ha

cryA ure uva. EceH aKo Kyr.rero rexu c II3IIbHaTI4 KpaKa, 3lIMaTa IIIe e neKa, aKo rIbK ce crbpqBaT ,IJII.d cttgT c MyuyHa Mex.4y Ho3eTe, Telr(Ka 3HMa pr.qe. Koraro Kyrrero ce rpece, Jrolro flernr.r BpeMe qe 6rAe.

JIOTIO BpeMe.

lloee4eHr4ero Ha rrrr4rlrrre
ra

KOKOII]KI{

Korna

Koraro KorKara MHoro ce Mrre I{ 6ruxe, BpeMero ce pa3Ba-[.s. Aro ce


cpeqy orbH.s, cryA rrle nva. KoIaTO KOTKaTa Ce MIlIe, Ha KOSTO crpaHa e o6rpuara, orraM ute aofiAe Bsrbpt;r. Koraro KorKara cflr,r B
Mr4e

freneJlTa, BpeMeTo ce pa3Bzln.s, a Ko146


ir

Koraro [erJII4Te fieqr HeHaBpeMe, Ha Jrouo BpeMe e. Aro rle-sr rtpeAu 3axoA cnSHrIe, BpeMeTo ce pa3Bang. Koraro rerr Ha JI{raHe, e Ha BflTbp. Aro uegr Berrep, ToBa e 3HaK, r{e.Ha cyrpuHTa rrle raMa MbrJra. Aro uerJrr{Te rretT npeAr,r cpeAHorrl BpeMeTo IIIe ce [poMeHr4. Koraro rrerJrprre r,r KoKorrlKvre ce
147

rsM cHqr. Koraro KoKorrrKHTe

Kplrsr noA crp{xxre, e Ha 6ypr n ro

lapru

(npa-

rro AbpBeTaTa, .BpeMeTo ce pa3Ban Axo sauoqHar paHo Ea oerarr_ sftu paHo rrle 3a[or{He u upolerra. Cra pa KoKorxKa aKo cHece vralro .gfiqe 3I{MaTa IIIe e JIOIXa.

AbxA. Jlere aro KoKorrrKr4Te cpeqy cJI:bHrIeTO I,r Ce [ougT, rqe nrr A:bxA. Arco ce KaqBar [peA

TbpKuuIqT B IIerIeJITa, Ha BqTbp e. raTo Ha LSraHe KOKOrrrKr{Te KyAKy.qt KaT, BpeMeTo ce pa3BaJIfl., IrIe Ban
Ba

nu, vannu)

Koraro Harrponer 'qoiigar Dlnor-t(r raprfl, BpeMero ce pa3Baj]rrfl- h{swo r{aBK}r [perBerrlaBar gbx.4 Xmpxar npr raprvre HaBEcoKo, A@o Ele a BpeMero. Aro npaHlrre oe BrflT BEcoKo, Ha Bsrbp e. 3rave Kor-a raprnTe xBbpKaT BKyn HaBr,rCOKO, e Ea CESr. 3uve, Koraro raplrrre ca Haxaqa.im lro AbpBeTaTa rr tneAaT K:bM ruraHtrHaTa

ce oLraKBa toJrrM cry4.


Me.

Bpamre aro

ce KbIIqT BbB BOAaTa, e Ha JIOIIIO Bpe-

flyftnu,

IIaTKTI, rbcKlt Te I4 KynHTe ceHo 14 pOBrT, e Ha q BpeMe. Arco rucxure 3rrMe ce cryrr JlscronHur,r BaT Ha e.qHo M{CTO V MaJTKO XOA.TIT 3aMara rr{e e Abnra. Koraro na
pt

llyfirure Kora ce KarrBar rro rrJreBHH

ffpe.nernu
IITI{IIU

Axo npererHrzTe nrr,rrln Aofi,qar nopaHo, roAr4Hara

qe

e.qo6pa.

Koraro nscroBr4tu4Te xBbpr{ar 6rm3KO AO 3eMqTa, r4nr,{

fbcKI{Te

Ce

.qaTa, e Ha Ab)KA, a 3VMe


TO Ce pa3Bans.

Msoro aKo Kpsxar rbcKlrre,


Bpa6qu

noTa[.flT MHOIO BbB - Ha cHflr.


BpeM

Bo.qaTa, ToBa e 3HaK, tle BpeMeTo rr{e ce pa3Banr,r. Axo nssrosryre paHo cI{ 3aMI,IHaT, OlIaKBa Oe JIK}Ta 3JIIMa, a aKO CU OTIaEaT IrO-K6CHO OT

cv

Io

Aonr{paT KpEnaTa

o6raxHoseHo, 3l{Mara rrle e rorrna-

BpeMeTo ce olpaBs, a KoraTo xBbpKaT, e Ha BqTbp.

Koraro npa6qure MHoro rlBbpqar {rpnenr.r


Br4CO

14 Jrersr Ha tIIe ce CToIIJII.{, aKO cryAeHo, a aKo e go6po, u1e ce pa3 BaJrr4 cKopo. Haecen aro npa6qare cr6npar Ha Kyrrqt4Hr,( rr xBbpqar Mf,CTO Ha MflCTO H tlegT ,,f3l4il" ,,l3tllt", I]1e Banv cnsr. Koraro N4 Cnasefi ro ce Kbn-'IT JISTHO BpeMe, IIIe Ba

Axo vrHoro qr4pnKar


JtsrJvI, BpeMeTo

Koraro xl:bpr(enrare prwar HarrpoJrer c MHoro qvera,6xna nepyrrss4 nrMa ra uva go6sp 6epexer- Konaro [IbpKenI,{Te JIeTgT Ha KOIeJIO" n{H(} n A'bxA ce or{aKBa. Koraro IrIbpxeJrErE MHoro xa[rr Ao6rl-rbra, cbrlto ry Barrvrr a Koraro flpe4Boxgar ffirmr6 fpaA rrle r,rMa.

Aro cnasel{Te 3arreflT Mntxr} p*Fo,


ao6po ue e BpeMero-

Abx(A,

Kocose

Mnoro

KocoBe npeABeqaBar nra-q Koraro Kocbr rree Ha B:bpxa Ea "Ebpnoro, 4o6po BpeMe rrre !rMa, a xoraro r49

I48

lee n ury6parrr4Te, BpeMero xre e noIIIO.

Apyru rrrr{rln

Koraro

qr HKara zanflBa npeAr{ BArg.. MapT, JIOtilO BpeMe H cHgt ce oLIaKsar. Koraro 3r,rMe KaA-bHKara nee ,,ukrJf", ,,cvrl", cH.flf qg sarl4. Koraro Pm6w,3Mr4r{, Koraro pu6ure MHoro cKar{ar HaA gp. BOAaTa, TOAHHaTa UIe e HennoAoAporrnuTe npenraTaT oT ceBep Na ror,l ma6n r'r poAHa r,r cKopo ue BaJrLt 4rx4. Aro cHqr ule BaJrul.3Nue aro 4unure uar-, cneA 3ane3 cnbHr{e pu6nre Mnoro Kr,r [penr,rTaT HaKyrr, roIf,M cTy.q rqe vffpasT, IrIe Ba-rrr4 Abx(A. rava. Koraro KpflKar Ar4Br4Te ru,cKr,r, Jlere axo MHoro 3Mr4r{ rrMa rro rrr;rrrBpeMero rrle e nouo. Jle6e4are aro rrIaTa, AbxA IIIe BaJII4, a CbUIO r4 KOce Br{qr BrrcoKo n He6e'lo, AbxA rle raTo BoAHr{Te 3MHr,r npenycKaT IIo sanv. Koraro 6yxal 6yxa norquo BO.UaTa. BpeMe, ToBa e 3HaK 3a JrO[rO BpeMe. Koraro xa6rare I{3Jrr{3ar Ha c)D(o, e 3a cHsr. Axo epeuero e Ab)KAoBHo, Ha AT,X(A. Aro noureM Te v3Jrr43ar 6yxaHero My e 3HaK, qe BpeMero ce oT AynKr,rTe cv, Ha Apyrfis AeH BpeonpaBfl. Axo 6yxa orKbM ror, pa3BaMero rrre e Jrorlo. Koraro xa6rare n.s ce BpeMero, a ano 6yxa orrrvr ce-, MHOIO KpsKar 14 AeH.sT e MHOrO fOBP, ule e 406po. Kyryvrerara Kyr(y-, perrl BpeMeTo rrle ce pa3Banu, Albx(A MflqvI Jtvt, ao6po BpeMe ce or{aKBa, a rrle BaJrr4. Aro xa6ure He KpsKar, e aKo KyKyNirqBqH BelrepHo BeMe, JrorIo Ha Kr{[ra v gl-x.p.. Koraro Halponer nre e BpeMero. Aro nyryrtarnrara e] 3aKpqKar xa6IaTe, ToBa e 3HaK, ile BT4COKO Ha AbpBOTO, BpeMerO UIe Ce H-sMa Aa uMa Beqe cryr\ u cH.sr. Axo orrpaBn, a aKo e cJIg3Jla HIACTO, pat-, 3aKpqKaT paHo HanponeT, JrtToTo sanq ce. Kyxynuqara aKo *ynu'nunue e go6po. Koraro :enenara xa6a poJrer, rqroro ue 6rle cyxo. KoraKpqKa l,jJru ce KaTeplr rro AbpBeTaTO Kyr(a KT,CHO Beqep, Ha Cyllla n tna[. Ta, rqe eanz. JIsrHo BpeMe aKo Kocreule e. Aro Kyr(yBr4rla KaqHe Ha 3eJreHo HypKr,rTe ce 3apaBsT B 3eMrTa, Ab)KA KJroHqe, 3trMara rqe 6lge cHex(Ha, a IrIe BaJru, a Ha HqKopI MecTa ,TOqHO aKo r(atlHe Ha clxo KJIoHqe, 3LtMaTa o6paruoro, ToBa [perBeqaBa roJrffqe e cyxa. Aro KyrryBnuara aofiae Ma cyrrra. Koraro BoAHr{Te Kocreno-paHo, [ponerra ue e xy6aea, a HypKr4 n3Jrr43aT I{3 BOAaTa r4 Kp{KaT, aKo cH 3aMr,rHe rro-KT,cHo (cnea I rrle BaIr4 Abxr. Koraro rbx(AoBHr,rK rolu), 3vrl'r'ara uie e go6pa. Koraro r,r3BJre3e oT AyrrKaTa cr4, MHoto AHKA open KarIBa Ha AbpBo, BpeMeTO rrle celor{aKBa..Tarosa qe e BpeMero [r ce oflpaBr{, a aKo KarIHe Ha 3eM.sTa" Kotaro Abx(AoBHrrKsT KpqKa. KOr.aro pa3aanfl. ce. Koraro opnr4Te ce Br4sr, Ilpolrb{I3rT MHOrO OXJTTOBT{, CbITIO e BpeMeTo ce pa3Balq, a KofaTo ce
150

JIqrHo BpeMe Koraro opnrrre MHoro rrr{rrlsr, Ha cyrrra e. Koraro uofinure rrTr,rrlr4 MHoto [esT, BpeMeTo ce pa3-

r5t

sa lr,xa. Fo.nta oxrirosu cbrrlo npeAdeqasar' IExA. Axo rsrno BpeMe


MaJIKI{ 6e,ru oxrtrcBqera ce r{3KaqBar

ffenepygu

Aro Hanponer xBbpqar vuoro 6eru


neflepyAn, ToBa e 3HaK, qe tIIe HMa
MHOrO KOlpHHa.

Hafope no pacreHHqTa, 3uMaTa llle cryAeHa rr c MHoro cHtf.

flasx

Axo naqxbr 6sp:o nJrere ilafr)Kv*ara ca, 4o6po ule e BpeMero. Koraro neTe cyTpr4H ,rMa ilafr)Kl{.rHa, ToBa e 3HaK

lloee,qeHr4ero Ha HaceKoMp'ITe Koraro MpaBKr{Te r43rrv3ar or AyrIMpanrcr.r Kr{Te crl, 6sla'r 'necnorofino rI ce

3a cyua. I4va nu trafl)r.uua Bbpxy


r-IuMrlI4poBI,ITe AT,pBeTa, CKOpO
BAJII,T

qe

AbXT.

cKynqBar Ha (y[quHr4, Ar'xA xle BarH. Aro 3aKprdBar MpaByH.sKa cv, rloIrJo BpeMe ce oqaxBa. Arco rpr rI:bK Ia3xBT,pnqr rrpbcr or 3eMgra, na ao6po
BpeMe e.

qypqu

Crara.uqn,

Koraro MHoro cKaKaJrrlu ce norB.sr B rroJrero, rue Banr,r AbxA. Koraro MHOrO qypqH [eqT no Hr{BrrTe no
BpeMe Ha xrbrBa, xy6ano rue e BpeMeTO.

':.
Myxr,rre

Myxu

Koraro

Mnoro 6prl,rvar

ra

Pacrenr'rs

Bo6lr

aKo Ha rrponer MHoro pacre,

xarlqT, BpeMero ce pa3Bang, rle 3aBanv AbxA. Arxa ule Banr{ r{ aKo
Bb3AyXa JreTsT

poqq[ oT

ManKI4 My-

IIITqKI{.

Kouapra

,{b}cA nre Banu.

Koraro KoMapr,rre xafl-flT M IIar AINA ce npeA


BI'IXAa I,I aKO KOMapI4 XBT,pLIaT n BeMe Hr{cKo Ha.[ Bo.4ara.

Mnoro qro4u - MaJrKo rrJrolopo4r4e. TprHxnre aKo narar rorqM nJroA,


rrle r4Ma Jrlora 3vMa.

roAHHaTa HsMa Aa e [JroAopo.qHa. 3ap:a-nare aKo ca s Hso6nrple, roAr,rHATa }lflMa Aa e rrnoAopo.qHa.

Malro

aKo ca

TpT,HKI,ITe; 3TIMATA UIe e MeKa.

Ocu, u.relra

ocr,rre ron 'rpaBtr III,IT HX{CKo;:3EMara.ille e 4O6pa, a Kofa FI4 rrpaB-fiT BI4coKo' - loura. Jlorrt

Koraro

Jleruunqrare Kora HapoAsr MHoto, Mpa3oBr,rra 3r4Ma rqe vrMayr o6paruo. Msoro ApeHKrz ca [peABecrHr{K Ha 3na 3r{Ma u MHofo cH.gt. ltlso6qo, Koraro vtMa B uzo6unue ApeHKr,r r4 Kprcenr4rlu (guvu t6rr'rcu),
opexl4, JIeIIHI4UI{, |JIO|I.{HKI4, 3I4MATa

Iqe eitspeMeTo, ano [qeJII4Te MH

6prvuar. Axo,nqernre MHofo

I,Ifpa

fi:l npe3 Aerxt, Hat4pytr4fl. AeH Bp To rIIe e JIoIrro. AKo n.Ie,ure ce [pI46upar 66p3o:.B.,Koruepr4Te cr, JI
BpeMe' rqe .xBalre., Axo sl4Ndara rrlerl4 :TC'!HgJIH3AT ,OT. ]KOIIIEPNTE CI4, JIOIII

xle e TexKa. Koraro Ar6lr


tru.

r,rMa MHoro )KbJrbIr{,

3r4MaTa IrIe e nroTa, a xpaHrrTe

cKb-

[le

e 3uMaTa.:

Fs6u aro r4Ma MHoto [pe3 eceHTa, cneABarrlaTa toI.ldrla rqe e [noopoAna. Aro HMa MHoro neqypKrr vMana153

'isz

TapKH. rrJroAopoAr4e ce oqaxBa.


noAopo.4Ha foAHHa. PasFrerrbr Koraro MHoro Mara ure e Ao6pa.

fb-i

6ure ureqHnun [peAneuanar

qen Bsrbp. Koraro cJrbHrlero r,r3rpee

Hen-l

ul$rn,

su-l
I

fio-paHo or o6ur<uoBeHo, rrle BaJrr4 rpag. Bpevero ce pa3Ban-fi Ir aKo cnbHr{eTo He r43tpee s.cllo, a aKo e
.scHo, oilpaBs ce. Ar<o AeH IrIe 3ABaIWl.

Koraro AbpBerara qr$Har noerop-l HO [pe3 eceHTa, 3HMaTa U1e e rrora ul c MHoro cnsr. .fl6r,rxure nerponxul aKo ponrr rroBTopHo u ua flerxoeaeH,l
3na ule e

pee 3aA TbMeH o6lax, oule cbrllI,rq


3ane3 cJrbHrlero e 6le.qo, ule Ayxa Bsrbp. Axo npu 3aJre3 cJrbnIIeTO e qepBeHo, cbrrlo B.sTbp ce oqaKBa. Koraro npu sales cnbHrle ne6ero ce 3aqepBr,r, Ha .rlpyrt4fl reH IrIe Ayxa BqTbp 14 n\e Banv Abx(A. Koraro cnbHrlero 3aJre3e n o6lar, BpeMeTo Ce pa3BAI7fl,, a KOTaTO 3iUIe3e MexAy 4na o6rara, [poAbJrxr4TeneH Abx(A rrle BaJrLr. Koraro cnbHueTo 3axoxAa B gcHo, e uaxy6ano BpeMe. Axo clrnuero Ha ll3rpeB r,rMa cBerJra olarlKa, xle Banr{ AbxA. Aro upl,r lrsrpeB cn:bHuero IzMa ,,JrJJt4o', II1e BantI u ue lyxa cr4neH Brrbp. Koraro cnbHllero r4Ma ,,yrft4" orKbM rof, IrIe Banr4 AbxA, a KotaTo ca oTKbM ceBep, e Ha cyrrra. Koraro [pr4 r,r3tpeB cnbHqe urraa o6raqv vI or r.f,x ce
CnycKaT CJIbHqeBII JIbqIuI KaTO KpaKa

clruqero

rir3t-

Aro upu

3nMara.

Kanene na
JII'TCTATA

Arco
HaT

rncrara Ha AbpBerara :anov-l .[a KarIgT rlo-paHo oT ooI,IKHoBe-{ Ho, ue uua 6orecru rro Ao6HTbKa.l Axo rncrara naAHar rro-paHo eceH-i
Ho BpeMe, ToBa e 3HaK 3a .uo6pa

I I

3r,r-.

wra. Aro Jrucrara 3anolrHar aa xanarl IIT,pBO OT BT,pXa HaAOJIy, 3I,IMaTa Lr{e!

AoilAe

paHo.

Tpera

Axo nporerHo BpeMe rpeBara ce no-l Kaxe flo-paHo rlo HrrBuTe, HgMa Aa
rrMa rrJroAopoAr{e.

JIoss

Axo uprrrr Ha ro3qra e


I4Ma

r{epBeu

eceHHo BpeMe, xy6ano rpo3Ae nle

[pe3 JIflTOTO.

llo
14

ne6ecHrrre reJra
frP.relHri^s.

vlru ce rroKa3BaT ABe-Tpr{ cJrbHIIa, e Ha Ar,xA. Axo ua se6ero no o6x4


r.''nu Ila!.Ber{ep ce rroKaxaT ABe-Tpr4 cJrbHrla, Ha Apyrr4q AeH rIIe vtMa cvneH BflT:bp. Cyrpau aKo r{3Jrfl3ar rpt4 cJI:bHIIa, Ha KI,IUa e. Koraro cyrpr4H oKono crbHrlero r4Ma r{epBeH BeHerL rr1e Ayxa err:rp. Aro oKoJro cnT,HrIeTo r4Ma Kpbt KaTo XapMaH, BpeMeTO Ce pa3BaJrr, AbxA I{Jrr{

arMocsepurare

Cnrnqe

Koraro cyrpr4H cJrbHrlero e 6legn cr,rJIHo rpee H TperrTr4, r4Jrrr aKo II Hero MrrHasa o6rax, AtxA rrle Ban
rrpe3 AeHfl.

Cyrpuu rrpa rr3rpeB cJrbHqe aKo


6ero e r{epBeHo orKbM I43ToK, oqa ce AbxA rrpe3 AeHs r4 rrle Ayxa
154

cHsr rqe BarflT. Koraro cnbHrlero e o6uroneno or oMapa, Ha cyrrra e.


155

Cmnqero aKo ce rloKaxe B TpI4 Kpbfa, cJIeA TpLI AHI,I IIIe 3aBaiII{ A'bXA, IanI4 IrIe HMa cI,tJIHa 6ypx. 3uue xoraTO OKOJIO CIT,HIIOTO Ce frBVI CBCTbJI

Kpbf c BpaTa, orBopeHa Ha 3aflaA, no[ro BpeMe ce oqaKBa, a Kofaro


BpaTaTa rneAa KbM e BpeMeTo.
I43TOK, AO6pO UIe

BpeMero. Axo gee:A:aTe ca MHoro HarbcTo Ir MHO|O qCHI4, II{e I,IMa Cyura. Koraro 3Be3.qr,rre MHoro vrrpasr, qe y.qapr{ rpa4. Eelu rnr4 qepBeHr4 KbtoBe oKoJro 3Be3Ar,rre e na go6po
BpeMe.

Me ule vrMa, a Jrere cyua. Koraro 3Be3Ar,rTe ca Hap.rrAKo, pa3BaJIt Ce

Meceq (nyua) B-neAeH Meceq npe,qBeIIIaBa Ar'xA, a


'.ILICT 14 CBerbJI

BeHlrKaB - Bqrr,p k\ cvnna 6yps.

gCHO BpeMe,

a qep-

Aro MleqHrursr trt;T e cBerbn u nbreH cbc cBerJrH 3Be3Ar{, na 4o6po BpeMe e. Aro cb3Be3Ar,rero KorourKaTa He e tcHo, IIIe BanIA AbX.II. KOIaTO Ce Br,rAr4 TtaAauJa 3Be3Ia, IIIe lyxa

llt'rna

ronsM cryA 3r,rMe, a Jlere e na xy6aeo epeue. Kofaro ce MeHu Mecerlbr, MeHI4 Ce V BpeMero. CreA cNaqHa Ha Meceua Ao 3-4 !.nu ue BanH A:bxA. Aro porara Ha Meceql,tHara ca ocrpr4, BpeMero Iqe e go6po, a aKo ca rbfII'I, IIIe ce pa3Banl4. Aro e4]l1'HuflT rpafi na Meceq[Hara e yBIacHaJI Ha14

fl.cHa nyHa e Ha

Bsrbp. flossara Ha olarxara 3Be3Aa (xovrera) rrpe.qBerlaBa MHoto roJrrMO nnoAopoAr,re.

Burrp

Koraro B.srbprjr Ayxa Axo aerpoBere ,,ce

BI,rcoKo, Bpe-

Mero ce pa3Balrs,. Koraro flpr,r MHoto


TOrrJro BpeMe AyxHe r{ BsT5p,

AOny, BpeMeTo ce pa3Banq,


T'E'HbK OT lOpHUq, TO

qe

6uflT1',

Biulu.

Axo Aolnnsr por Ha Meceqa e norlpe3 n:bpBara


qeTBbpr Ha Meceqa ue BanI4 A:bxA. Axo nvta xapMaH, ryMHo oKoJIo Mecella, Jloilro BpeMe ce orraKBa. Koraro oKoJro Meceqa I'IMa xapMan u ne6ero
pa3Bans. r{epaeH Kpr,r oKono Meceqa o3Ha!IaBa A:bx(A. KOfaTo oKoJIo Meceqa I,IMa

cHqr rqe AoBeAaT, A AKO AyXaT .qBaTpvr I'Ilt4 rropeA, rorsMa cyua IIIe Hacrbnr{. flo sucoKr.rre Mecra Karo 3aAyxa cr4JreH BsTbp, cKopo ule uMa Br,renr4lla. Koraro AyxHe r43ToirHr4rr Bqrbp, pa3Ban.rr ce BpeMero. Jlere

qe BaJrI4. AbxA Ll

e o6:raqno, BpeMero ce

xapMaH c Bpara, orBopeHa orKbM rol, e Ha AbxA l4Ilv cHflr, a KoraTo BPaTaTa e OTKI'M CeBeP, lII,e e nOIXO.

a 3L,rMe - cHrf. Iulgroqnra.f,r Bsrbp npeABexlaBa rrnoAop o gue. 3anagauflT BrTbp rrolpaBs BpeMeTO, a CeBepHu.sr Bsrbp .qoBexAa cyrra. IONunsT BSTbp BVHarr{ pa3Bafifl. BpeMeTO, Ha ilyrvt Ee}j Banil AbxA.
Eypq

rr3Tor,rHzTe BeTpoBe AoBeX.{aT CyrIJa,

3nerAu

Koraro

3Be3.qI4Te

cla6o cBersr
14

I4JTII

Cneg 6ypx B:z:uatv rrzxo BpeMe HacTbIIBa.

ca MbrHI4 I{ HeflCHI{, Ha JrOIIO BeMe e, Ha AbxA e. Koraro 3Be3AI{Te cIrtJIHo


JrbcKar,.flcHo BpeMe
156

roJIffM cryA

3I,t-

157

Bnxpyruna

Aro npes Jltroro r{ecro ce tl3BrdBar


Br.rxpyrxKu, cyrua ure unra. flpyra4e [pofHo3r,rpaT, qe MHoro Br,D(pyrrrKr4 ca

o3natraBa cyua. Cyxa nponerHa MbrJra [peABerrlaBa cyxo JrfrTo) a

npeABecTHHK
A'bx(A.

Ha rpbMoTeBHUH

t4

He6e

-f,cuo ue6e

TO CyTpHH e MHOIO flCHO, BpeMeTO

rorqM cry.u. Axo ne6e-

ce pa3Banfi. r{epneno ue6e npe4nerrlaBa Bqrbp. Aro ce 3aqepBa orKbM


3arraA, e Ha cyma. Aro Horilerur ue6eTO e Mpar{Ho I,I He Ce BIIXAaT MHOIO 3Be3A'r, BpeMeTO XIe e AbXAOBHO_ -flcuo He6e c MaJrKo 3.Be3Ar4 o3Ha

B4zrue Jrr{ ce Mlr;Iara or Br4coK}rre Mecra, o[paBq ce BpeMero. Koraro MbtJIaTa e no HLtcKI,ITe MeCTa, Cylra ule r.{Ma, a aKo e IIo Br,rcoKvrTe - Ha AbxA e. Koraro MbrJrara nexl4 HlrcKO, BrTbp rrle Ayxa.

- Ab)r(AoBHo. Koraro ce rroqBlr MbtJra rro BbpxoBeTe Ha [JraHrrHHTe, IIIe BanI,I .qbxA vIJtVI CHtr.
BJraxHa

Arxa

llognp AbxI u3rpflBa clruqe.


Hr,rsT cyTperrreH

Pan-

cyrxa.

O6naqu

Koraro BpeMero e MHoro o6raqno TexKo, ule BansT AlbxA r.{ rpaA. cyrpr,rH r{Ma MHoro o6raqu HHcKo
He6ero, BpeMero ce flpoMeH.fl. O6na rlr,r oKoJro cJrbHrleTo npeABexlaBa

6ypx. Bxno-crrHKaBr4 o6raqu rro 6ero ca Ha r:bx.tr. Koraro ce

He

AbxA He npo.qbnnBa Abnro. Aro sarr4 AbxA vr rrpurmtqA CJIIbHIIE, IIIE BAJIH H,SKOJIKO AHI,I nopeA. Koraro Bzrnr,r AbxA r{ no He6ero trrraa qepHra oltaryu, Abxrrbr rrle e rrpoAbnxr,rreneH. Koraro Abxlrir 3arloqBa Ia BaITV C eApI,I KanK[, CKOPO Ute C[pe, a aKo KanKr,rTe ca cnT}JLr, npoAbJDrfl,rreJreH rrle e. Axo, Koraro
BAIwI, OT KaIIKI{Te CTaBaT MexyprleTa

fro 3eM.rrTa, .4bxATjT IIIe e MHOIO ilpo-

Ir'xA Barv. Axo

Ha rpaA.

Or rrvtrn

o6raqn cKopo e BaJrt

AbJIx(r{TeneH.

A:bxA, a no ne6ero ce BprlcAar o6naqa r.{ BpeMero e 3aAyrrrHo, AT,x rrbr rrle ce noBTopr,r. Koraro oOlaqu Te ca Ha LLtll.ilvl, xle Bant{ .qrx,q. H ror aKo rava o6raqr{, cKopo u1e Ban

[rra

Ar,xA. r{epHz o6raqra

orKrbM [peABeu]aBar rpaA, a t{epBeHr4 - B.f,Tbp.;

Cre4 4rx4 aKo ce [osBr4 Abra, Bpe[O[paBq, Abx(ATjT npecTaBa. lloseqe 3eJreH rlBrr B E:otara npeABerrlaBa AbxA u uso6urue Ha xl/tro, Ilpoco Lt MHOTO TpeBa, r{epBeHutT rIB.sT e 3HaK 3a BeTpOBr,rTO BpeMe r,r uzo6utue Ha srrHo. Xrnrflsi qssr
MeTO Ce

loKa3Ba MHO|O rlapeBr,rqa vr )Kt4To, a


MOpaBr4sT rIB.f,T npeABerrlaBa tna4 v rraop. Axo ce [osBrr ABe.4brr4, ToBa e 3HaK, qe.qbxATjr ce e I{3Barqn. KoraJISTOTO,

Mrrna

Aro nprz H3rpeB cJrr,Hrre Ha flcHo He6e uua MbrJra, rbx.[. ure BanH npe3 AeHfl. Beuepuara rvrtrura AoBexAa AtxA npe3 Horqra. Mlrra raro AuMi
158

TO lIMa noBelle AbrI{ [pe3 rle r,rMa ugo6unue Ha BrdHo.


159

fpruorenuqa

C-ne.q

Karo rbpMtr, rlle BanI,I. AKo

CraHa

MHO|O lT'pMI{, MZUIKO AbXA UIe Banlz. I Axo npor:rpMr4 npeArl rrJraAHe, ryar I

MHoro cJraHa BoAr4 Abxr nnu npoMqHa Ha BpeMero. fle6ena cyrperrrHa


cJraHa e Ha cHst.
HqKOJIKO Cy'tpu}ll.d

u{e BaJrrr. MHoro rpruorenuqu I lpeABerrlaBar r,r3o6r,rnue Ha 6o6. I Korxoro fio-paHo nporbpMl,I sa
I

[p:bB nTjr rrpe3 rrponeTTa, ToJrKoBa rro-cKbrrr4 ure 6rAar xpannre. Arco flporbpMl,r oTKbM ror, e Ha rpaA, a aKo ToBa e orKbM 3afraA, rrnoAopoArrero ue e.qo6po. 3ravnure I'pbMoTeBr,rqr4 o3Har{aBaT H$ApaBa foAI,IHa r,r Mop rro xopa pr Ao6rarrr.

r4 cneA Het ce 3ao6lauu, nre I4Ma A:bx(r vrrr4 cnfli. Koraro r4Ma erana 3I{Me rI Ce CTOIIU, BpeMeTo ce pa3Barq. AKo rra.qHe crraHa cne.q 3apq3BaHeTO Ha JIO3tTa, noBpex{Aa rur.

Aro ecenno BpeMe rropeA \a4a cna}la

Cnpex

Mnoro cKpex rro ArbpBerara e 3HaK sa o6rareH rrnoA. Aro sxvre r.{N,ra
MHO|O CKpeX, eceHTa rrle I.{Ma MHOrO A:blq4. Koraro Iro KJroHr{Te r4Ma MHo-

Cnermanuqa Koraro cBsrKa B scHo He6e, cyura nle HacTT,nI4. Aro npe: Horrrra cBtrKa, 6er.qa rbpMr{, A:bJrro BpeMe laflv,a na sanu. Axo cBeTHe Ha I,I3TOK, Ha Cyma e.

ro cKpex, npe3 foAr,{HaTa tIIe vMa


MHO|O MeA.

Cnsr

Koraro 3aBalil4 cHsr, BpeMero oMeKsa. MHoro cH.sr [peABenraBa roJItMo rrnoAopoAlre. [r,n6or cHsr - ilb.IIHH xav6apu. Koraro cHersr ce 3aAbpxa rlo AbpBeTaTa, ToBa e 3HaK, qe I]Ie
BaJrr,r

Apyrer
Axo s rr4xo BpeMe DracoBere ce qyBanrr AT,x(A. Koraro raira6asure ce qyBaT HaAaJreq, [poMeHq ce BpeMero. Koraro 6enrosere 6yuar, Jro[ro BpeMe rz4na. Koraro MHoro 6y.lu noAaTa B peKI4Te, BsTT,p rr Jrorlo BpeMe ce orraKBar. Koraro 6yuu nnauuuaTa, Ha A:bxA e. Aro eqz ropara, BpeMeTO Ce pa3BAns,.

r.g. AKo tJlac:br ce rryBa orAaJleq,

BaT MHOTO AaJreq, BpeMeTo ce pa3Ba-

rle

oxle.

Ipax

llo4np rpaA r.rABa lr AbxA. lpaa 6Ne Ao cJror. O6rax, [peABox(AaH or open, Hocr,r maA. Koraro HtMa
AbxA,
r,r

fpaAriT e Aoobp. HMa poca no rpeBara


14

Poca

Aro cypun

Koraro ce rror.ar creHrrre Ha KT,TIII4Te, e Ha AT,X.4.

uBer.flTa, na .qo6po BpeMe e. CulHa poca Kora nara, e Ha cyua. Aro rqrHO BpeMe HSMa pOCa IIO TpeBaTa, e Ha cylla, a KoraTo IrMa MHolo H ocTaBa Ao KbcHo, Ha AbxA e. Muoro po1:

Koraro r 3rrr43a napa or AbpBerara,

Aro

ca [peABeulaBa IIpoMtrHa Ha BpeMeTo.i


160

KaMbHI4Te rlo 3r4AoBere ca A:bXA II{e Banu. Koraro npn xy6ano BpeMe coJrra oBBJTaNCHI4,

Ha A:bXA e.

t6I

fi

JraxHrBa, cKopo ue 3aBanr4. Koraro coJITa 3a[or{He Aa ce To[n, cKopo qe I{Ma AbxA. Koraro oBnaxHee rIorroHET, cbrrlo
IIIE
BAJII4.

KoMVHa, 6es Aa r,rMa Bsrbp, BpeMero

aKo [aAa r{ ce pa3cTXJIa, BpeMero u1e ce pa3Banr,r. Koraro uaHI4CKO OT KOMI{HVTe

ue ce pa3Batu. {nvrtr
Ha cHtt.

raTo oKono ilnaMbKa Ha cBeuITa ce Br4xqa o6pru c rlBeroBere Ha .qbtaTa, Ha.[bxA e. Koraro or-busr B orHr,tilrero npl,rrruLra, Ha AbxA e. Koraro or-burr nee, cKopo ilIe Banr4 Ablq. Koraro ortHfiT Topr,t c 6legeH nJraMbK, Ha AbxA e.. Axo uparqu ltyrara, BpeMero ce pa3BAilg..

Koraro 6opuuara r,rJru cBerrlTa rrpaIrlrr r,r cla6o toprr, Ha AbxA e. Ko-

AbxA. Arco so,qara B r{eIrrMI{Te, vltr4 oT H3BOpI4Te Ce ycvrJlvI, Ha JIOIIO BpeMe e. Koraro ce ilosBqr MHoro r{3Bopu, rorraHara 6r.rsa HeuroAoporHa, a Koraro HaMaJIe{T, toJrqM 6epeKer rrle nvra. Izl:aopHara BoAa Koraro

lbx,q e, a Axo cle4 AbxA Bo4ara B peKara He ce n:6ucrpu, cKopo traK ce oqaKBa
KOMr,rHa, Ha

AaT Ca)ItIr4 OT
3I4Me

Koraro uMa qecro culHur 3eMerpecelJvtg,, 3vIMaTa

ce cToIIJIII, BanI,I AbX.q.

Koraro orcna6nar crpyHr,rre Ha


ryJIKaTa, BanI,I AbX(A,

IIIe e neKa.

rlr4Ce

KOtaTO

Koraro

araqLr:era-ra Ha KoneAHara cBra-

cTerHaT, cyxo BpeMe xBarrla. Axo nparara r{ paMKr,{Te Ha [po3oprlr,rTe 3acKbprlaT, Ha Ab)KA e. Koraro gr6onrare AbpBa qecro ce nyKaT, KOTaTO Ce qeflgT, Ha JIoIIIO BpeMe e. Aro o6ynrcure crr,rc(ar KpaKara, A6x.q IIIC BAJII,I.

ux e no-4e6ena or[pe.q, 3uMara rrle e Jrorla r4 .qbJrta. Axo 4anarrr Ha 3aKJrauara KoneAHa cBuHq e no-4e6el
HaIIpeA KbM rnaBaTa, ToBa o3Har{aBa, lIE 3I{MATA BEqC E OTMTTHAJIA.

J[.srHo BpeMe aKo Ha qoBeK MHofo My ce cIILr, AbxA rrle BaJrr,r. Koraro xopa, Kolrro crpaAar or peBMarrr3bM, yceu{ar 6olxu, 4'rlKD, wnu

cHrf llle

Crp6rr

3aBaJLgT.

Jrr{ ylrr{Te, r,r BpeMero

ce

Koraro KuceJroro MrqKo rxyrrue, Ibx(A IrIe 3aBaJrr{. Koraro [erreJrra B otHr4[Iero craHe Ha cryp, Ha Jror[o BpeMe e. Koraro AaMEr ce Bpbrrla o6parHo n
162

IIpoMeHq.

t63

Cr4rpxanHe

c.,1994.
rnq, C.,
rron4.s,

Burapcra

Mr.rroJrorr4f,. Euqur-uoneguueH

pevn{
I

yBoA

HAPOAHI,T |TPEACTAB yr t4 B flPB AHWA B a q o a, C. Hapo4Ha MereopoJrorux, C., 1900. I 34. ATMOC@EPHI4TE flB NEHIf^A f e o p r r4 e B a, IrI. BurapcKa HapoAHa rvr,rrorf O6naqu

1988.

t4 t4
21

K o s a u e v, iL.Hapogna acrpoHoMr{r

C6Hy

30,1914.

r r"t"od
t

Arxa
Cyura

28

K o s a q e e, fr. TrnxynaHnr *u .rp"poonr Poca, pycr, poct "".l| nuir, uapogHu B.flpBauvq u uporo6anauHs, C6HY 184 Mrrna (rr,rarnl), 6a6a r"rtr,ra,
1891, 1894, 1895, 1896.

lpliraorenuqa r{ cBerKaBaua

40
63

66 69 72 72
15

Cnaua, cJraHb

HAPOAHA METEOPOJI Of 14 fl . IIPEACKA3BAHE XAPAKTEPA HA BPEMETO IOl Ilputtotceuue i neoruo3rrpAHE HA BeEMETo I cnopel pA3nl,{qHtr KpI4TEpr4rA 137 AEI4M - Apxur ua ErHorpascrux r4Hcrrlry'r l-oar-Hr.r BpeMeHa 131 " ^f :efr, Co$ur 138 I M.."u, r orpeAeneH v ilHvr B Trrx PKC - Pr'xonuceH $oH4 or ArtruloMHt4 pa6orra *f nou"le*,r4ero Ha xr4BorHr4re 14s Kareapara rro cnaBflHcKo e3HXo3HaHue u erHora$"" nf nouaaeHr.re ro Ha 11Tr,ruHTc 147 cv ,,cu. Kl. oxpra4crr,r", crxpaufrBaHv n vHraaepcur{ noneaerllrero Ha Hace1oMr{Te ts2 cxara 6ra6luorexa tlo uc6ecur4.re re.ra r54 J flCn - flepuo4nvecKo crlrcaHlre, Co$ur AnVr" 161 I C6Hy - C6opHnx Hapo4Hr{ yMorBopeHr,ra, Hayx{ I'I:non:naHa Jll4reparypa KHr4)KHHHa, CoQur 164 J

Ernorpa$ua na Euraprz.r, TII, C., 1985. ; K o ,r e s, H. Hapo4nra upeAcraBr{ vt BflpBa:r.:z.s, i BrzxpyrrrKara. - B: Brnocr4 Ha erHorpa$una u $o,rn"; pucrvtKara, C., 1980. K p u c r a H o r, flyfrvea. Ecrecrsosuasneror cpeAuoBeKonna Euraput, C., 1954. M a p rr H o B, .{. HapoaHa Bqpa H peluruo:uu rf poAHr4 o6uuau, C6Hy 28,1914.

Mapaux, oMapa,
He6ecna 4lra CH.ar,;re4, cxpex

Tperrrfl>

Barrp
Bnxpyruxa

78 86

cutpauqeaun

t64

165

Banenrrzna Illapranona

Hapo4ua Mereoponorr4t
Kopexrop Becerzna Cro.snosa

Oopvar

60x90124

llpegneuarna uo4roranra lI a@
IrlgAarercra arenqux (D!,K

rer. (02) 66 73 79
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